Tuesday, 30 June 2009

July 9, 2009

190 years ago
1819

Born on this date
Elias Howe
. U.S. inventor. Mr. Howe invented the first practical sewing machine, which he patented on September 10, 1846. He died at the age of 48 on October 3, 1867.

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Sleeping Dog

40 years ago
1969


Died on this date
Herbert Hoover, Jr., 65
. U.S. bureaucrat. The son of the former president became undersecretary of state for the United States.

War
The first troops came home to the United States as part of U.S. President Richard Nixon's program of gradual withdrawal from Vietnam.

Education
The United States Department of Justice intensified its school desegregation efforts by accusing the board of education of Chicago and the state board in Georgia of segregation. The department contended that Chicago practiced faculty segregation and that Georgia maintained an unconstitutional dual system.

Football
The Hamilton Tiger-Cats edged the Edmonton Eskimos 22-21 at Clarke Stadium in Edmonton in the first pre-season game for both clubs.

Baseball
Tom Seaver came within two outs of a perfect game as the New York Mets blanked the Chicago Cubs 4-0 before 59,083 at Shea Stadium in New York for their second straight victory in a crucial series of games. Obscure rookie outfielder Jimmy Qualls hit a single with one out in the 9th inning to ruin Mr. Seaver’s bid for perfection.

Joe Coleman pitched a 3-hitter as the Washington Senators blanked the Cleveland Indians 3-0 at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington. U.S. President Richard Nixon was at the game; it was the fourth game he’d been to at RFK that year, and the first one that the Senators had won.

30 years ago
1979


World events
In Iran, the Ayatollah Khomeini declared a general amnesty for "offenses committed under the past regime," except for murder and torture. The decree affected about 3,000 political prisoners.

Defense
The United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee opened hearings on the SALT-II (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) treaty. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance testified, "The issue we face is not whether does wverything we would like it to do, either from an arms control or security perspective. The issue is whether we are better served with this treaty or without it. I think the answer to that is clear." He also said, "We cannot expect to shift the bargain more to our favor." Defense Secretary Harold Brown, under questioning by Republican Senator Howard Baker, said that it was "probably true" that under the treaty the explosive power contained in Soviet land-based ntercontinental missiles would rise from a present level of about twice that of U.S. land missiles to three or four times by 1985, when the treaty expired.

Oil
After receiving pesonal assurances from Saudi Deputy Premier Prince Fahd, the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced that Saudi Arabia was "substantially" increasing its production of crude oil. Officials close to the Saudis said that the increase would be one million barrels per day for at least three months. The increase was considered sufficient to eliminate most of the world’s oil shortage for a few months.

25 years ago
1984


Politics and government
After just nine days in office, Canadian Prime Minister John Turner called a federal election for September 4. Mr. Turner’s last act before calling the election was to make a number of patronage appointments to various positions, a task that Mr. Turner claimed to have been forced upon him by outgoing Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.

Protest
In Nicaragua,Miguel Obando y Bravo, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Managua, led a church-sponsored march to show support for Rev. Luis Amado Pena, a priest arrested in June and charged with a plot against the Sandanista government. About 27 priests and 300 other people joined the procession. Later, the government ordered 10 foreign priests who had participated in the march to leave Nicaragua.

Disasters
York Minster cathedral in England was badly damaged by fire. Eyewitnesses reported that a strange cloud had hung over the building for hours, before fire fell from heaven in the wee hours--not mere lightning but a spectacular electrical storm. On Friday, July 6, David Jenkins had been consecrated as Bishop of Durham despite publicly expressing heretical beliefs. On Saturday, the General Synod of the Church of England, meeting at York, declined to take any action. In his Sunday morning sermon in the Minster, Archbishop Habgood did not rebuke Mr. Jenkins. That night God decided to make His own comment.

20 years ago
1989


Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush arrived in Warsaw to begin his first visit to eastern Europe since becoming president.


10 years ago
1999


Football
The British Columbia Lions opened their season with a 25-13 win over the Edmonton Eskimos at Commonwealth Stadium, ending the Eskimos’ season-opening winning streak at 21 games. The Eskimos’ last previous loss in a season opener had been against the Winnipeg Blue Bombers at Clarke Stadium on July 18, 1977, when Elvis Presley was still alive. The game marked the regular season debut of Don Matthews as head coach of the Eskimos, whose only touchdown was scored by Marcus Crandell, who relieved Nealon Greene (making his Eskimo debut) at quarterback in the second half. Matt Kellett, playing his first CFL game, kicked 2 field goals and a convert for the Eskimos’ other points. Robert Drummond scored 2 touchdowns, and Rocky Henry another, for the Lions. Troy Mills rushed 12 times for 74 yards for the Eskimos, but left with a leg injury in the third quarter, and was lost for several weeks. Attendance was 33,404. This blogger assisted the TSN broadcast crew in the press box for this game.

Monday, 29 June 2009

July 8, 2009

120 years ago
1889


Journalism
The Wall Street Journal began publication.

Boxing
In the first American sporting event to receive national press coverage, John L. Sullivan retained his world heavyweight title with a 75-round knockout over Jake Kilrain in Richburg, Mississippi. 3,000 spectators arrived on special trains to witness the last bare-knuckle heavyweight title fight, fought under the London Prize Ring rules. The fight, refereed by John Fitzpatrick, started at 10:30 A.M. Mr. Sullivan vomited in the 44th round and appeared to be on the way to losing, but he got a second wind, and began to get the better of the fight after that. Mr. Kilrain’s second, Mike Donovan, threw the sponge into the ring after the 75th round. Mr. Kilrain thought he could outlast Mr. Sullivan, but Mr. Donovan thought his fighter may have died if the fight had continued.

Baseball
The New York Giants opened the new Polo Grounds at 155th Street and 8th Avenue with a 7-5 victory over the Pittsburgh Alleghenys.

90 years ago
1919


Baseball
Jack Coombs resigned as manager of the Philadelphia Phillies, who were in last place in the National League with a record of 18-44. He was replaced by outfielder Gavy Cravath, who went on to lead the NL in home runs at the age of 38 despite playing in only 83 of 138 games.

75 years ago
1934


Music
The Vancouver Symphony Orchestra performed in the Malkin Bowl in Stanley Park for the first time.

Baseball
The Boston Red Sox swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Athletics 7-4 and 7-2 before 24,000 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Jimmie Foxx hit his 25th and 26th home runs of the season in the first game, while Bob Johnson hit his 25th for the Athletics in the same game. Boston leadoff hitter Max Bishop tied his own major league record by drawing 8 bases on balls in the doubleheader.

70 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Havelock Ellis, 80
. U.K. physician. Dr. Ellis was a pioneering researcher in sexology, and wrote the first medical textbook on homosexuality. He was also a supporter of eugenics.

60 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Cricket on the Hearth, starring Heather Wilde

Baseball
Outfielder Monte Irvin and infielder Hank Thompson, brought up from the Jersey City Giants of the International League three days earlier, became the first Negroes to play for the New York Giants. Mr. Thompson started at second base against the Brooklyn Dodgers, while Mr. Irvin came in to pinch hit for Clint Hartung in the 8th inning. When Mr. Thompson faced Brooklyn pitcher Don Newcombe, it marked the first time in major league history that a Negro pitcher had faced a Negro batter. The Dodgers won 4-3.

40 years ago
1969


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC 2
Tonight's episode: The Lion's Mane

This adaptation of The Lion's Mane, by Michael Hardwicke, had Dr. Watson as the narrator; the original A. Conan Doyle story was one of two (The Blanched Soldier was the other) in which Sherlock Holmes was telling the story.

Died on this date
Red Rolfe, 60
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Rolfe was the regular third baseman for the New York Yankees from 1934-1942, playing for five World Series-winning teams. His best season was 1939, when he hit .329 and led the American League in runs, hits, and doubles. Shortly before his death he was named the third baseman on the all-time Yankees' team. After his playing career ended, Mr. Rolfe served as the baseball coach at Yale University from 1943-1946, and then managed the Detroit Tigers from 1949-1952. After finishing second in 1950, 3 games behind the Yankees, the Tigers' performance declined, and Mr. Rolfe became increasingly unpopular with his players. He was fired in mid-season of 1952, when the Tigers were in last place in the American League with a dismal 23-49 record.

Football
CFL pre-season: Montreal (0-2) 0 @ Winnipeg (1-0) 18

Baseball
The New York Mets scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning off Chicago Cubs' ace pitcher Ferguson Jenkins to defeat the Cubs 4-3 at Shea Stadium in New York in the first game of an important series between the top teams in the National League East Division. Cubs' center fielder Don Young misplayed a couple of balls in the 9th inning, and third baseman Ron Santo publicly criticized him for it. Mr. Santo later admitted that this was the biggest mistake of his career. Mr. Young dressed and left the stadium quickly after the game, and didn't take the team bus to the hotel. The story of this three-game series, the three-game series at Wrigley Field in Chicago the following week, and the three games that the Mets played at home against the Montreal Expos between the games vs. the Cubs was told in a book titled The Year the Mets Lost Last Place by Paul Zimmerman and Dick Schaap.

30 years ago
1979


Diplomacy
Talks ended in Vienna among Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky, former West German Chancellor Willy Brandt, and Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat. A joint statement expressed "concern" over Israeli settlements in the occupied territories, and cited the Palestinian issue as "the central problem of the Middle East conflict."

Oil
Explosions at major pipelines in Iran eliminated 80% of the production of the Abadan refinery, producing continued concern among world leaders about the fragility of the world’s supply.

Economics and finance
China announced its first law on joint ventures which provided certain guarantees and incentives designed to attract foreign investors.

Baseball
Outfielder Ben Oglivie was the hero as the Milwaukee Brewers swept a doubleheader from the Detroit Tigers. He hit home runs in his first 3 plate appearances in the first game as the Brewers won 5-4, and drove in the winning run as they won the second game 3-1.

25 years ago
1984


Abominations
In his Sunday morning sermon, Archbishop Habgood of York declined to rebuke David Jenkins, who had been newly consecrated as the Church of England's Bishop of Durham, after Mr. Jenkins had publicly expressed opinions that constituted a denial of the Christian faith. Later in the day, a strange cloud began hanging over York Minster cathedral.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (0-1-1) 27 @ Hamilton (1-0-1) 27
Toronto (1-1) 26 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 28

The Tiger-Cats tied the game against the Roughriders at Ivor Wynne Stadium on a 2-point convert pass from Dieter Brock to Rocky DiPietro. The reason they needed a touchdown and 2-point convert to tie the game was because Hamilton head coach Al Bruno had foolishly gone for a 2-point convert after the Tiger-Cats’ previous touchdown had reduced the Roughriders’ lead from 27-13 to 27-19. If he’d just gone for the 1-point convert then, Saskatchewan’s lead would have been reduced to 7 points, and the Tiger-Cats could have gone with a 1-point convert to tie the game or a 2-point convert to win at the end. The first 2-point attempt was unsuccessful, making it necessary to go for a 2-point convert on the last touchdown just to get the tie. There was no overtime in regular season games in those days.

20 years ago
1989


World events
Former Nigerian cabinet minister Umaru Dikko, who had been freed by British authorities after being kidnapped and drugged in London, was taken to an undisclosed location after being examined in a hospital. Mr. Dikko, who fled Nigeria after a military coup in December 1983, had been accused by Nigeria’s new government of stealing millions of dollars.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Pete Conrad, 69
. U.S. astronaut. Mr. Conrad became the third man to walk on the moon when he commanded the Apollo 12 mission in November 1969. Known for his humour, Mr. Conrad, who was shorter than his lunar predecessor, Neil Armstrong said on touching the lunar surface, "That may have been a small step for Neil, but it was a long one for me." Mr. Conrad was one of the nine astronauts who comprised the second group of astronauts who joined the U.S. manned space program in 1962. His first space mission was Gemini 5 in August 1965, where he served as pilot on an eight-day mission commanded by Gordon Cooper. Mr. Conrad's first assignment as commander was Gemini 11 in September 1966, where his pilot was Dick Gordon. Mr. Conrad and Mr. Gordon, along with Alan Bean, were the Apollo 12 crew. Mr. Conrad stayed with the space program long enough to command Skylab 1 in 1973; his crewmates were Dr. Joe Kerwin and Paul Weitz. Pete Conrad was killed in a motorcycle accident on a highway near Ojai, California, just 10 days after he had finished taping a television documentary about the Apollo 12 mission with Messrs. Gordon and Bean for the Speed Vision cable channel. During the taping, Mr. Conrad got choked up when he mentioned C.C. Williams, who had been killed in a plane crash in 1967 shortly after being assigned as lunar module pilot for Apollo 12 (Alan Bean replaced him). The Apollo 12 crew paid tribute to Mr. Williams by taking his flight wings to the moon, and having four stars displayed on the official flight patch, the fourth representing C.C. Williams.

Protest
The previous day’s court ban of a moderate newspaper led to student protests. Members of an Islamic vigilante group attacked demonstrating students in Tehran, and police stormed a dormitory. Many students were beaten, and at least one was killed.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-0) 39 @ Winnipeg (0-1) 9
This was Dave Ritchie’s first regular season game as head coach of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers.

Sunday, 28 June 2009

July 7, 2009

75 years ago
1934

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Moonglow--Benny Goodman

Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway, and Glen Gray also had versions of Moonglow that placed high on the charts at the time.

70 years ago
1939


Baseball
The Sacramento Solons defeated the San Francisco Seals 5-4 in a Pacific Coast League exhibition game played inside Folsom Prison.

50 years ago
1959


Baseball
Willie Mays of the San Francisco Giants drove in Hank Aaron of the Milwaukee Braves with the deciding run as the National League defeated the American League 5-4 at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh in the first All-Star Game of 1959. Don Drysdale of the Los Angeles Dodgers was the NL’s starting pitcher, and pitched 3 perfect innings.

40 years ago
1969


On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: 10 Miles to the Moon

Died on this date
Bonny
. U.S. astromonk. The 14-pound macaque monkey died at midnight, 12 hours after landing in the Pacific Ocean 25 miles off Kauai, Hawaii following 130 orbits of the earth in Biosatellite 3. The spacecraft had been launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida on June 28 on a mission intended for 30 days. However, the decision was made to end the mission when Bonny appeared sluggish and no longer interested in performing his simple space chores. Observers described Bonny as limp but alive when flown by helicopter to Hickam air force base in Hawaii, where he was kept under intensive care in a laboratory trailer. A doctor reported "his heartbeat is 68 perr minute and steady." NASA spokesman Brad Evans said, "It was sudden. He had been in fair condition just before."

War
United Nations Secretary-General U Thant told the UN Security Council that "open warfare has been resumed" throughout the Suez Canal cease-fire area.

Roman Catholic Suffragan Bishop of Munich Matthias Defregger was officially identified as the captain of a wartime anti-partisan German Army unit in Italy who in 1944 passed on an order for the execution of 17 unarmed Italian villagers. A Frankfurt official disclosed that the bishop had been the subject of a 1968 Nazi war crimes investigation. The bishop, he said, had not denied giving the order for the shootings in reprisal for the partisan killing of four German soldiers, but he had declined to execute the order himself.

Defense
United States Senator J.W. Fulbright (Democrat--Arkansas) disclosed a "secret agreement," under which U.S. soldiers were stationed in Thailand to support that country’s military forces. The agreement was described as a South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) extension and addition.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Ring My Bell--Anita Ward (2nd week at #1)

Abominations
In Beijing, China and the United States signed a three-year trade pact that gave China most-favored nation tariff treatment. American officials estimated that trade with China under the pact could double from its 1978 level of $1.1 billion. U.S. law barred the extension of most-favored nation status to countries that did not allow free emigration, such as the U.S.S.R. Critics of the pact, such as Rev. Carl McIntire, were quick to point out that the number of Christians killed by the Communist regime in China was more than the number of Jews killed by the Nazis in Germany.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies lost 8-6 to the San Francisco Giants, despite Mike Schmidt hitting home runs in his first 3 plate appearances. The home runs were his 2nd, 3rd, and 4th straight, tying the major league record.

25 years ago
1984


Terrorism
The airplane bound for Nigeria that was to have carried crates containing former Nigerian cabinet minister Umaru Dikko, who had been kidnapped and drugged before being found by British authorities on July 5, was freed after being detained for three days. Similarly, Nigerian authorities released a British plane that they had detained in retaliation. Four men, including the three kidnappers in the crates, were charged with kidnapping. Three of these were Israelis. Altogether, Britain arrested 17 people in the plot, but 13 were released.

Units of the reconstituted Lebanese army finished three days of movement through Beirut, taking positions from the rival militia units that had taken control of the city in February.

Diplomacy
In Stockholm, the 35-nation Conference on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures and Disarmament in Europe adjourned for the summer after failing to agree on a format for further talks.

Abominations
The Church of England General Synod, meeting at York, declined to take any action against the newly-consecrated Bishop of Durham, David Jenkins, despite Mr. Jenkins' public expression of opinions that constituted a denial of the Christian faith.

Disasters
A northbound Amtrak train derailed near Williston, Vermont and crashed into a ravine, killing 5 and injuring 153.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-1) 16 @ Ottawa (1-1) 17

Ottawa linebacker Al Washington set a CFL record with a 104-yard fumble return, and his touchdown was the key play as the Rough Riders edged the Stampeders at Lansdowne Park.

20 years ago
1989


Music
The Grateful Dead, with Bruce Hornsby and the Range as the opening act, performed at John F. Kennedy Stadium in Philadelphia. It turned out to be the last event ever held at the 63-year-old facility; six days later, Philadelphia Mayor Wilson Goode ordered the stadium closed. It was demolished in 1992.

Law
The Louisiana state Senate voted to ask the state to enforce strict anti-abortion laws in effect before the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1973 Roe v. Wade decision.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the national unemployment rate had risen to 5.2% in June, up 0.1% from May.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Guy Mitchell, 72
. U.S. singer. Mr. Mitchell, born Al Cernik, was a popular singer in the early 1950s, and was able to maintain his popularity through the end of the decade. He was one of the few artists from the pre-rock and roll 1950s who was still able to top the charts at the end of the decade. Mr. Mitchell's early hits included My Heart Cries for You (1951) and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1952). His biggest hit, Singing the Blues, was the #1 single on the Billboard best seller, disc jockey, and Top 100 charts for 9 weeks, and for 10 weeks on the juke box chart in late 1956-early 1957. It also spent 2 weeks as the #1 single in Great Britain, in competition with a version by Tommy Steele. Rock-A-Billy, the follow-up single, hit #10 in the U.S.A. and #1 in Britain in May 1957. Mr. Mitchell's last big hit was Heartaches by the Number, which spent 2 weeks as the #1 single on the Billboard Hot 100 in December 1959. Oddly, on the night of his death, this blogger was eating in a restaurant when one of his songs was played over the audio system. I thought at the time that since I hadn't heard of his death (it hadn't yet been announced), he must still be alive, and I was surprised to read of his death in the next day's National Post.

War
The President of Sierra Leone, Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, signed a peace pact with Foday Sankoh, head of the Revolutionary United Front. The agreement granted amnesty to the rebels and four cabinet seats in a new government. Whether the agreement would end the eight-year civil war remained to be seen; a previous peace agreement had later collapsed.

Militant leaders in Kashmir vowed to continue fighting to establish an autonomous Islamic state in the area, which had been in dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947.

Law
A 6-member Miami-Dade County jury in Miami held leading tobacco companies liable for various illnesses in smokers. The class-action lawsuit, filed in 1994 against the tobacco companies on behalf of Florida smokers, was the first of its type to come to trial. After eight months of testimony, the jury concluded that cigarettes were addictive and could cause at least 20 diseases, and that the companies had sold a defective product and conspired to mislead the public about the dangers of smoking. The decision was subject to appeal, and represented only the first phase of the trial. Damages and claims of individual Florida residents were to be taken up in a second and third phase, respectively.

A court in Iran banned publication of a leading moderate newspaper.

Football
The Canadian Football League regular season began with the defending Grey Cup champion Calgary Stampeders defeating the Saskatchewan Roughriders 28-18 at McMahon Stadium in Calgary. It was the first game for Cal Murphy as head coach of the Roughriders, and the first for veteran middle linebacker Willie Pless in a Saskatchewan uniform.

July 6, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Ancamaria!

80 years ago
1929


Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals and Philadelphia Phillies split a doubleheader at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. The Phillies won the opener 10-6, to extend the Cardinals’ losing streak to 11 games. The Cardinals came back in the second game, amassing 28 hits in winning 28-6. The run and hit totals were National League highs for the 20th Century.

75 years ago
1934


Baseball
Ernie Lombardi had 5 hits, including a triple and home run, and 6 runs batted in, to lead the Cincinnati Reds to a 16-15 win over the St. Louis Cardinals at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis. The final out of the game came when Leo Durocher of the Cardinals was thrown out at home plate.

The Boston Braves and Philadelphia Phillies combined for 41 hits as the Braves won 16-13 at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Hal Lee led the Braves with 4 hits, 3 of them home runs.

The Boston Red Sox had 20 hits, including 3 by winning pitcher Wes Ferrell, as they beat the Philadelphia Athletics 18-6.

60 years ago
1949


Baseball
The Cincinnati Reds amassed 26 hits in beating the Chicago Cubs 23-4. Catcher Walker Cooper went 6 for 7 with 3 home runs, 5 runs scored, and 10 runs batted in. Ken Raffensberger was the winning pitcher; Warren Hacker took the loss.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.: The Battle of New Orleans--Johnny Horton (6th week at #1)

40 years ago
1969


War
Fighting in Vietnam increased sharply, although confined to short engagements, leading to speculation about whether the current lull in North Vietnamese and Viet Cong activity was over.

Abominations
The Washington Square United Methodist Church in New York City became the first predominantly white religious organization to give money to the National Black Economic Development Conference when they handed the group’s chief spokesman, James Forman, a cheque for $15,000. Mr. Forman had demanded that American white religious institutions pay $500 million in "reparations" for past injustices to Negroes. Of course, 40 years later such demands are referred to using such terms as "a process of reconciliation" instead of by the more accurate term "extortion."

Football
The Calgary Stampeders defeated the British Columbia Lions 23-10 at McMahon Stadium in the first pre-season game for both teams.

30 years ago
1979


Energy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter called top aides and energy advisors to a "weekend summit" at Camp David, two days after postponing a major address on his administration’s energy policy.

Diplomacy
Egypt and Israel agreed to a plan by United States Middle East envoy Robert Strauss to form "working groups" to hammer out issues in stalemated talks on Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza.

25 years ago
1984


World events
Nigerian authorities detained a British airplane in retaliation for the British detention of a plane that was to have flown to Nigeria carrying crates containing former Nigerian cabinet minister Umaru Dikko, who had been kidnapped and drugged the previous day before being found by British police at Stansted Airport, 30 miles north of London.

Abominations
The Church of England consecrated David Jenkins as Bishop of Durham despite his public expression of opinions that denied fundamental doctrines of the Christian faith.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the national unemployment rate had fallen to 7.0% in June, the lowest level since the spring of 1980.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (1-1) 10 @ British Columbia (1-0) 44

B.C. receiver Jim Sandusky, playing his first CFL game, caught a touchdown pass from Roy Dewalt as the Lions routed the Eskimos at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. The Eskimos’ touchdown came on a pass from Matt Dunigan to Brian Kelly. It was the 5th touchdown in 2 games for Mr. Kelly, all on passes from Mr. Dunigan. Playing their first game with the Eskimos were punter and backup quarterback Johnny Evans and wide receiver Chris Woods. Mr. Woods, a graduate of Auburn University in Alabama, wore #72 in the game instead of his usual #74. After the pre-game warmup, he cut off the bottom of his regular jersey, only to find out that wearing such a jersey wasn’t allowed in the Canadian Football League, in contrast to U.S. college football; the team also billed him for the cost of his cut-up #74 jersey.

20 years ago
1989


Diplomacy
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev was in Strasbourg, France to address the Council of Europe, a parliament representing Western European nations. In an apparent assurance that the U.S.S.R. would not intervene in the liberalization movements underway in Poland and Hungary, he said, "Any interference in domestic affairs and any attempt to restrict the sovereignty of states...are inadmissible." Mr. Gorbachev renewed a call for negotiations on reducing or eliminating short-range nuclear missiles in Europe, but U.S. President George Bush replied that a reduction in conventional arms had to come first.

Terrorism
A Palestinian extremist grabbed the wheel of a bus west of Jerusalem and caused it to crash and kill 16 passengers.

10 years ago
1999


War
Russian troops entered the Yugoslavian province of Kosovo, as per Russia’s agreement with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Politics and government
Ehud Barak was sworn in as Prime Minister of Israel. His government, embracing seven parties from the political centre and left, had control of 75 of the 120 seats in the Knesset. Mr. Barak pledged to act boldly to achieve a final settlement with the Palestinians (but without giving up any of Jerusalem), and he said he would also seek peace with Syria. Mr. Barak decided to serve as his own defense minister; as foreign minister he named David Levy, who had held the position for a time under the previous Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu.

Saturday, 27 June 2009

July 5, 2009

75 years ago
1934


Baseball
Lou Gehrig hit an inside-the-park grand slam to help the New York Yankees to an 8-3 win over the Washington Nationals. It was Mr. Gehrig’s 17th career major league grand slam, breaking Babe Ruth’s record. Mr. Gehrig added another home run and two singles, driving in 7 runs.

60 years ago
1949


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The White Murder Case

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Something in the Air--Thunderclap Newman
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus

Something in the Air was from the movie The Magic Christian; the recording was produced by Pete Townshend of The Who.

Calgary’s top 10
1 The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles
2 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
3 Bad Moon Rising--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Get Back--The Beatles
5 Medicine Man (Part I)--Buchanan Brothers
6 One--Three Dog Night
7 Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus
8 Let Me--Paul Revere and the Raiders
9 Love (Can Make You Happy)--Mercy
10 See--The Rascals
Pick hit of the week: Tarnished Silver--Young Calicos

Died on this date
Tom Mboya, 38
. Kenyan politician. Mr. Mboya, Kenya’s Economic Planning Commissioner and secretary-general of the governing Kenya African National Union (KANU), was assassinated by a gunman in Nairobi. He was regarded as the third-most powerful person in the government behind the president and vice-president. Mr. Mboya was a member of the Luos, Kenya’s second-largest tribe. Many Luos believed that he had been assassinated to prevent his accession to the top post, and many tribal clashes broke out, endangering the multitribal government built by Mr. Mboya and President Jomo Kenyatta.

War
U.S. battle deaths in Vietnam dropped to their lowest level in nine months, with 153 killed and 1,584 wounded for he week ending July 5. South Vietnamese losses--247 killed and 586 wounded--were the lowest since May 10. Communist losses were down, with 2,381 killed, the lowest figure since mid-January. Military sources said that infiltration from North Vietnam had also dropped sharply in the week, coinciding with the pullback of about 18,000 Communist troops into rear base camps.

Football
In the first game of the Canadian Football League pre-season, the Ottawa Rough Riders defeated the Montreal Alouettes 26-20 at Autostade in Montreal.

30 years ago
1979


Diplomacy
American envoys in Nicaragua obtained Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza’s promise to resign. The United States also sought to assure a moderate role for a future Sandanista-backed government.

Law
The American Civil Liberties Union sued the Federal Bureau of Investigation for $2 million on the charge that the FBI was responsible for the 1965 murder of civil rights worker Viola Liuzzo, who had been shot to death during a car chase in Alabama by members of the Ku Klux Klan. The suit charged that the FBI had obtained information from state and local police agencies and from Gary Rowe, Jr., a paid informer of the FBI, that violence could be expected against Mrs. Liuzzo. Mr. Rowe was in the KKK car at the time of the shooting. Howard Simon of the ACLU said that he considered the suit pioneering since it would contend that the FBI was responsible for the actions of its informers.

25 years ago
1984


Crime
Umaru Dikko, a former transport and aviation minister in the Nigerian government who had fled to England after a military coup in December 1983 and was wanted in Nigeria on charges of corruption, was kidnapped in London. British police broke into a crate at Stansted Airport, 30 miles north of London, and found Mr. Dikko, who had been drugged. A man with drugs and syringes also occupied the crate; two more men were found I another crate. The crates had been marked "diplomatic baggage." The British authorities held the aricraft that was to have flown the crates to Nigeria.

World events
Lebanese troops began to dismantle the "green line," a barricade of rubble and burned-out cars that had separated the Christian and Muslim halves of Beirut. An army brigade composed of both Christians and Muslims was to be deployed between the halves of the city.

20 years ago
1989


World events
South African President Pieter Botha met secretly in his office with Negro nationalist leader Nelson Mandela, who had been in prison since 1962. After the meeting became publicly known, the government gave no indication that it planned to free Mr. Mandela.

Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir agreed to demands by hard-liners in his own Likud party as follows: elections in the occupied territories would not take place until the Palestinian uprising ended; Arabs in East Jerusalem could not run for office or vote; Jewish settlement of the territories would continue; and no Palestinian state would ever be established. Labour Party leader Shimon Peres, a partner of Mr. Shamir in the coalition government, said that Mr. Shamir’s concessions had jeopardized the peace process. The Palestine Liberation Organization denounced Mr. Shamir’s concessions.

Scandal
Former White House aide Oliver North received a three-year suspended prison sentence, two years’ probation, 1,200 hours of community service, and a $150,000 fine after being convicted on 3 of 12 charges in connection with the Iran-Contra scandal (the sale of arms to Iran, resulting in money going to support the opposition Contras in Nicaragua), which broke in 1986. Mr. North was convicted of aiding and abetting an obstruction of Congress (somebody else’s obstruction, not his own); shredding documents; and accepting an illegal gratuity (an electric fence around his house to protect him from terrorist Abu Nidal). Contrary to popular belief, Mr. North was found not guilty on the charge of lying to Congress. The sentence was handed down by Judge Gerhard Gesell in U.S. District Court in Washington. The guilty verdicts were later overturned on appeal.

Politics and government
Florida Governor Bob Martinez said that he would call a special session of the state legislature to consider controls on abortion.

Diplomacy
Two days of talks in France between Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and French President Francois Mitterand concluded with the nations signing 21 accords. The leaders also issued a declaration calling for an immediate cease-fire in Lebanon and an end to the arming of the various factions there. Mr. Gorbachev told reporters that he was prepared to develop normal relations with Solidarity leaders in Poland, but he also called U.S. President George Bush’s appeal for a Soviet troop withdrawal from Poland "propaganda."

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (2-0) 23 @ Winnipeg (0-3) 16
Calgary (0-2) 10 @ Edmonton (1-1) 41

Rookie receivers Keith Wright and Tony Hunter each returned a punt for a touchdown, and Cornelius Redick also contributed some fine returns in an entertaining game before 37,000 at Commonwealth Stadium. A fight broke out in the fourth quarter when Calgary head coach Lary Kuharich sent his team across the field to mix things up; Stampeders’ rookie defensive lineman Joe March was ejected.

10 years ago
1999


War
NATO representatives and Russian officials concluded two days of talks in Moscow to work out details of the deployment of 3,600 Russian soldiers in the Yugoslavian province of Kosovo.

July 4, 2009

130 years ago
1879

Baseball

5,000 turned out in Philadelphia to watch two women’s teams, the New York Blue Stockings and Philadelphia Red Stockings, play for the "Championship of the United States." The Blue Stockings won 36-24 in a game that was cut short when the crowd got out of control.

125 years ago
1884

Americana

In Paris, the Statue of Liberty was presented to the United States.

90 years ago
1919

Boxing

The world heavyweight title changed hands when Jack Dempsey beat champion Jess Willard to a bloody pulp and won a 3-round technical knockout in Toledo, Ohio. Mr. Willard, who hadn’t fought in 3 years, was knocked down 7 times in the first round, and was saved from a knockout when the whistle (there was no bell used for the fight) sounded at the count of 7. Mr. Dempsey thought he’d won the fight; he started to leave the ring, and the crowd started to mob him, but the referee informed him that the fight wasn’t over. After a less eventful second round, Mr. Dempsey resumed the attack in the third round, closing Mr. Willard’s right eye and knocking out six of his teeth. Fans started to scream at the referee to stop the bout. Mr. Willard’s corner threw two towels into the ring 30 seconds after the end of the round, and a new champion’s hand was raised. A special stadium was built for the fight that could seat 80,000, but only about 45,000 showed up in 110-120 F heat.

Baseball
In the Pacific Coast League, Babe Pinelli of the San Francisco Seals took advantage of a rookie Seattle Rainiers’ catcher who was tipping off pitches by the way he held his glove, and went 6 for 6, with 3 home runs (including 2 grand slams) and 12 runs batted in as the Seals won 22-10.

70 years ago
1939


Baseball
61,808 were in attendance at Yankee Stadium in New York to pay tribute to Lou Gehrig on the occasion of The Iron Horse’s retirement. The Yankees split a doubleheader with the Washington Nationals, losing 3-2 and winning 11-1. The ceremony for Mr. Gehrig took place between games. His speech began with the memorable words, "Fans‚ for the past two weeks you have been reading about a bad break I got. Yet today I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of the earth." Mr. Gehrig’s number 4 was retired, making him the first major league player so honoured.

The Boston Red Sox and Philadelphia Athletics combined for a record 54 runs as the Red Sox swept a doubleheader 17-7 and 18-12 before 22,030 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Jim Tabor of the Red Sox hit one home run in the first game, and 3 (including 2 grand slams) in the second game.

60 years ago
1949


On the radio
Murder By Experts, hosted and narrated by John Dickson Carr, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Two Coffins to Fill

Baseball
The New York Yankees extended the Boston Red Sox’ losing streak to 8 games as they swept a doubleheader at Yankee Stadium 3-2 and 6-4. The second game, which was interrupted by a 48-minute rain delay, was called because of darkness after 7 ½ innings.

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Dream Lover--Bobby Darin (2nd week at #1)

Baseball
The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Washington Senators at Griffith Stadium in Washington. After winning the opener 10-6, the Yankees won the second game 7-0, as Bob Turley carried a no-hitter into the 9th inning, giving up only a bloop single by pinch hitter Julio Becquer.

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

Edmonton’s top 10
1 The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles
2 Get Back--The Beatles
3 Love Theme from Romeo & Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus
4 Medicine Man (Part I)--Buchanan Brothers
5 Bad Moon Rising--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Seattle--Perry Como
7 Ruby, Don’t Take Your Love to Town--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
8 Spinning Wheel--Blood, Sweat and Tears
9 Rhythm of the Rain--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
10 In the Year 2525--Zager and Evans

Politics and government
Robert L. Bennett, the only American Indian in the 20th Century to head the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, resigned his post. Mr. Bennett, an Oneida who had been appointed by President Lyndon Johnson, submitted his resignation over what he termed the indifference toward his people from the administration of President Richard Nixon.

Education
The National Education Association, the U.S.A.’s largest group of teachers and school administrators, voted overwhelmingly to insist that President Richard Nixon restore the September deadline for desegregation of all southern school districts.

Weather
A severe storm from Lake Erie pounded northern Ohio. The storm and the floods that followed killed at least 41.

30 years ago
1979


World events
Algerian President Chadli Benjedid freed former President Ahmed Ben Bella after 14 years of house arrest. Mr. Ben Bella had been a hero of Algeria’s fight for independence and President from 1963-1965 until he was overthrown and arrested by Houari Boumedienne, who succeeded him as President. Mr. Benjedid became President in February 1979.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (2-2) 18 @ Ottawa (2-2) 13
Saskatchewan (1-3) 10 @ Winnipeg (1-3) 16

25 years ago
1984

World events

Units of the reconstituted Lebanese army began to move through Beirut to take over positions from the rival militia units that had taken control of the city in February.

Baseball
Phil Niekro became the ninth pitcher in major league history to record 3,000 career strikeouts when he struck out 5 in leading the New York Yankees to a 5-0 win over the Texas Rangers before 39,240 fans at Arlington Stadium.

20 years ago
1989

Diplomacy

U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev and French President Francois Mitterand began two days of talks in France.

Politics and government
Poland’s new bicameral parliament convened, with the independent trade union Solidarity holding almost half the seats. Premier Mieczyslaw Rakowski and his cabinet tendered their resignations, but agreed to stay on until parliament elected a president who would appoint a new premier.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (2-0) 23 @ Ottawa (0-2) 11
Saskatchewan (2-1) 13 @ British Columbia (2-0) 30

Baseball
Tom Browning of the Cincinnati Reds came within 3 outs of his second career perfect game, but gave up a double to Dickie Thon leading off the 9th inning as the Reds held on for a 2-1 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 14,636 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. John Franco relieved Mr. Browning with 1 out in the 9th and induced a double play ball to get the save.

10 years ago
1999

War

NATO representatives and Russian officials began two days of talks in Moscow to work out details for the deployment of 3,600 Russian soldiers in the Yugoslavian province of Kosovo.

Diplomacy
Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif visited U.S. President Bill Clinton in Washington, and promised to restore a cease-fire in Kashmir, which had been occupied by Islamic militants.

Tennis
Lindsay Davenport, an American, won her first Wimbledon singles title, defeating seven-time champion Steffi Graf of Germany 6-4 and 7-5. Pete Sampras won his sixth men’s singles title, defeating fellow American Andre Agassi 6-3, 6-4, 7-5.

Friday, 26 June 2009

July 3, 2009

80 years ago
1929


Baseball
The New York Yankees came from behind to beat the Boston Red Sox 6-5 at Yankee Stadium. Babe Ruth’s grand slam off Red Ruffing in the 7th inning got the Yankees back into the game, and relief pitcher Lefty Heimrach won his own game with an inside-the-park home run off Mr. Ruffing in the 8th. Mr. Ruffing hit a home run for the Red Sox.

75 years ago
1934


Baseball
Roy Johnson’s two-run home run in the top of the 11th inning provided the winning margin as the Boston Red Sox ended the New York Yankees’ 8-game winning streak with a 10-9 win at Yankee Stadium.

70 years ago
1939


Baseball
Bob Feller picked up his 13th win of the season and Ben Chapman tied a major league record with 3 triples to lead the Cleveland Indians to a 4-2 win over the Detroit Tigers.

60 years ago
1949


Baseball
The New York Giants amassed 20 hits in routing the Brooklyn Dodgers 16-0 at the Polo Grounds in New York. Johnny Mize and Willard Marshall each had 4 hits, and winning pitcher Monte Kennedy hit a grand slam. Ralph Branca (10-2) took the loss.

50 years ago
1959


Baseball
The Boston Red Sox, in 8th and last place in the American League with a 31-42 record, fired manager Pinky Higgins, replacing him with coach Rudy York for one game, which the Red Sox lost.

Herb Score gave up a grand slam to Bob Cerv, but settled down and struck out 14 as the Cleveland Indians beat the Kansas City Athletics 8-4.

40 years ago
1969


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC 2
Tonight's episode: The Red Circle

Died on this date
Brian Jones, 26
. U.K. musician. Mr. Jones, a guitarist with the Rolling Stones until shortly before his death, was found unconscious at the bottom of his swimming pool in Hartfield, England. He had originally been regarded as the leader of the group, but was eventually eclipsed by Mick Jagger and Keith Richard. As Mr. Jones’ popularity and influence diminished, his drug use and drinking increased (or maybe it was the other way around).

War
The 24th session of the Vietnam War peace talks in Paris produced no visible signs of movement.

Society
After five months of internal debate, the United States administration of Richard Nixon issued a policy statement on school desegregation in which it announced that the administration planned to hold southern districts to the September 1969 deadline, except for some districts with "bona fide educational and administrative problems." NAACP executive director Roy Wilkins denounced the decision to modify the September deadline, accusing the administration of "breaking the law."

Protest
Civil rights activist Rev. Ralph Abernathy was released from jail in Charleston, South Carolina, where he spent 13 days in connection with protests in support of striking hospital workers. The strike had been settled six days before Rev. Abernathy’s release.

Six female antiwar demonstrators, who apparently had vandalized the offices of 13 local draft boards, were arrested at Rockefeller Center, New York City, as they scattered sliced-up draft records.

Baseball
Lee May’s 23rd home run of the season, a two-run blast in the top of the 11th inning, provided the winning margin as the Cincinnati Reds held on to beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 4-3 at Dodger Stadium.

30 years ago
1979


Law
The Bundestag in West Germany voted to lift the statute of limitations on murder, allowing prosecution of Nazi war criminals beyond the previous 1979 limit.

Football
In CFL pre-season action, the Montreal Alouettes (4-0) defeated the Hamilton Tiger-Cats (0-4) 21-8 at Olympic Stadium in Montreal, and the Calgary Stampeders (3-1) routed the British Columbia Lions (3-1) 32-1 at McMahon Stadium in Calgary.

25 years ago
1984


Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Secretary of State George Shultz concluded two days of meetings with Soviet Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin, and sought to reassure him that the United States had accepted the Soviet proposal to open space weapons talks in Vienna in September, and that no preconditions had been set.

20 years ago
1989


Died on this date
Jim Backus, 76
. U.S. actor. Mr. Backus provided the voice for the cartoon character Mr. Magoo, and played Thurston Howell III in the television comedy series Gilligan's Island (1964-1967). Perhaps his best-known movie role was as the father of Jim Stark, the character played by James Dean in Rebel Without a Cause (1955). Mr. Backus suffered from agoraphobia in his later years.

Law
The United States Supreme Court voted 5-4 to uphold a Missouri law that restricted a woman’s right to have an abortion. The court majority, in the case of Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, upheld a Missouri law prohibiting public employees from performing abortions unless the mother’s life was endangered; barring abortions in public buildings; and requiring medical tests on any fetus more than 20 weeks old in order to determine if it could live outside the womb. Chief Justice William Rehnquist, writing for the majority, said that any restriction on abortion should be judged by whether it "permissibly furthers the state’s interest in protecting potential human life." The reader will notice that Mr. Rehnquist actually weakens the pro-life case with his use of the term "potential human life" to describe a fetus rather than "human life," which is what a fetus actually is. "Justice" Harry Blackmun, author of the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision that made up a woman’s "right" to an abortion, wrote in dissent, "I fear for the future...The signs are evident and very ominous, and a chill wind blows." The reader will notice that "Justice" Blackmun’s argument is emotional rather than legal.

10 years ago
1999


War
In Yugoslavia, British soldiers shot and killed two Kosovo Albanians.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies scored 8 runs in the 2nd inning and 7 with 2 out in the 4th as they beat the Chicago Cubs 21-8. Third baseman Gary Gaetti finished the game as the Cubs’ pitcher.

July 2, 2009

100 years ago
1909


Baseball
The Chicago White Sox stole 12 bases in defeating the St. Louis Browns 15-3. The White Sox stole home plate 3 times, with one of the thefts of home coming from winning pitcher Ed Walsh.

75 years ago
1934


Died on this date
Ernst Roehm, 46
. German Nazi figure. Mr. Roehm, leader of the Sturmabteilung (SA), popularly known as Brownshirts, was the most prominent victim of the Night of the Long Knives, in which potential rivals to Chancellor Adolf Hitler were killed. The death toll was at least 85, and may have been several hundred. While being held at Stadelheim Prison in Munich, Mr. Roehm was given the opportunity to commit suicide, but refused. He was then shot dead by SS officer Michel Lippert.

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Dark Secret

40 years ago
1969


World events
Acting on the basis of a report by international scientists, United Nations Secretary General U Thant called upon all governments to ban the development and stockpiling of chemical and biological weapons.

War
United States Defense Secretary Melvin Laird said that Vietnam combat had dropped to possibly "the lowest level" during the war. However, military spokesmen said that northern infiltration through Laos and Cambodia was continuing at about 10,000 per month, following an 8-month average.

30 years ago
1979


Law
The United States Supreme Court voted 5-4 to uphold a ruling in Gannett Co. v. DePasquale that allowed a trial judge to close a pretrial hearing if he found that the due process rights of the accused would be jeopardized by publicity. The majority opinion went beyond pretrial hearings and suggested that judges could exclude the press and public from full-scale criminal trials. An agreement among the defendant, judge, and prosecution would have to be reached before closing the court, but as Associate Justice William Rehnquist said in a concurring opinion, "the trial court is not required by the Sixth Amendment to advance any reason whatsoever for declining to open a pretrial hearing or trial to the public." The Sixth Amendment guarantees the accused "the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury," and the Fourteenth Amendment extended the right to all states. The majority opinion held that the Sixth Amendment’s guarantee of a right to a public trial belonged only to the defendant himself and not to members of the public, and could be waived by the defendant: "members of the public have no constitutional right under the Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments to attend criminal trials." Justice Harry Blackmun, in a dissenting opinion, wrote that "secret hearings--though they be scrupulously fair--are suspect by nature." Allen Neuharth, chairman of the American Newspaper Publishers Association, called the ruling "another chilling demonstration that the majority of the Burger court is determined to unmake the Constitution."

The United States Supreme Court upheld sweeping desegregation orders for the school systems of Dayton and Columbus, Ohio, reaffirming a doctrine the court had established in 1973 that stated that district-wide busing of students could be ordered even if only part of the district could be proven to be intentionally segregated by a school board. The decision was also a reaffirmation of the court’s commitment to end segregation in northern school systems.

Disasters
At least 24 people were reported dead in a flash flood that hit the town of Valdepenas in south central Spain.

25 years ago
1984


Politics
Eden Pastora Gomez, one of the "Contras" opposing the Sandanista regime in Nicaragua, said that he and his allies would end their military fight against the government and participate in elections if the government would assure that the elections would be fair. The announcement followed reports of a split between Mr. Pastora’s faction and other Contras.

10 years ago
1999


World events
United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan announced that French Health Minister Bernard Kouchner would head the UN mission in the Yugoslavian province of Kosovo, re-establishing civil government as a prelude to a return to full self-government.

Thursday, 25 June 2009

July 1, 2009

150 years ago
1859

Baseball

The first intercollegiate baseball match was played between Amherst and Williams colleges at Pittsfield‚ Massachusetts. After taking a early lead‚ the Amherst squad won the 4-hour‚ 26-round game by a score of 73-32. The game was played under the rules of the "Massachusetts Game."

90 years ago
1919

Baseball

Rabbit Maranville hit 2 inside-the-park home runs to lead the Boston Braves to a 9-1 win over the Philadelphia Phillies at Braves Field.

60 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Colonel Starbottle for the Plaintiff, starring Robert Warwick

50 years ago
1959


At the movies
Anatomy of a Murder, a courtroom drama directed by Otto Preminger and starring James Stewart, had its official premiere screening in Detroit.

40 years ago
1969


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC 2
Tonight's episode: Black Peter

Died on this date
Donald Crowhurst, 37
. U.K. yachtsman. Mr. Crowhurst was believed to be leading the Golden Globe race, which involved lone sailors going around the world. His trimaran Teignmouth Electron was discovered abandoned on July 10, 11 days after Mr. Crowhurst's last radio transmission, and 9 days after his last log entry. He had apparently jumped overboard as a result of increasing mental and emotional strain, which was reflected in his log entries. For months Mr. Crowhurst had been sending false reports of his progress; in fact, the Teignmouth Electron was found in the mid-Atlantic Ocean, about 1,800 miles from England. The story was told by Nicholas Tomalin and Ron Hall in The Strange Last Voyage of Donald Crowhurst (original British title: The Last Voyage of Donald Crowhurst), published in 1970. It's one of the most fascinating books that this blogger has ever read.

Britannica
Prince Charles was invested as Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester by his mother, Queen Elizabeth II, at Caernarvon Castle, Wales.

Terrorism
Two men died in an apparent attempt to blow up local government offices in Abergale, Wales, 30 miles from Caernarvon. Hours after the investiture of Prince Charles, a young soldier was killed by the explosion of an army truck. Detectives began rounding up known militant Welsh nationalists.

30 years ago
1979


Politics
Bolivia held its first presidential election since the imposition of military rule in 1969. None of the candidates received the majority of popular votes necessary to be elected President, handing the election to the newly elected Congress.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter and South Korean President Park Chung Hee concluded two days of talks in Seoul. The two leaders discussed human rights for South Korea’s dissidents; the proposed withdrawal of all American troops from South Korea; and reunification of North and South Korea. In addition to meeting with many religious leaders, Mr. Carter also met with New Democratic Party leader Kim Young Sam, South Korea’s most prominent dissident.

Oil
U.S. President Jimmy Carter criticized the recent OPEC price increase saying it would cause the loss of 800,000 jobs and would likely raise inflation 2.5% in the United States by 1980.

25 years ago
1984


Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. rejected the attempt by the U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan to tie space weapons talks to the talks on nuclear missiles scheduled for Vienna in September.

Politics
The National Organization for Women passed a resolution calling for the nomination of a woman for Vice-President of the United States.

Golf
Greg Norman won the Canadian Open at Glen Abbey in Oakville, Ontario. First prize money was $72,000.

Football
The defending Grey Cup champion Toronto Argonauts opened their regular season with a 25-15 win over the Saskatchewan Roughriders at Taylor Field in Regina.

Baseball
Pitcher Paul Splittorff announced his retirement from the Kansas City Royals. Mr. Splittorff spent his entire major league career (1970-1984) with the Royals, winning 166 games and losing 143. In 1973 he became the first Royal to win 20 games. This blogger saw him pitch in person on August 3, 1975: he held the Oakland A’s to one base on balls and one infield hit in the first inning, and retired the last 26 batters in a 5-0 Kansas City win. Mr. Splittorff is now a colour commentator on television broadcasts of Royals' games.

10 years ago
1999


Football
CFL pre-season: Winnipeg (0-2) 24 @ Hamilton (2-0) 29

Baseball
The Milwaukee Brewers and Chicago Cubs combined for 8 home runs as the Brewers won 19-12.

John Frascatore tied a major league record with his third win in 3 games in as many days as the Toronto Blue Jays beat the Baltimore Orioles 8-6.

June 30, 2009

150 years ago
1859

Adventure

French acrobat Charles Blondin, aka Jean Francois Gravelet, walked across Niagara Falls on a tightrope.

100 years ago
1909

Boxing

World heavyweight champion Jack Johnson retained his title with a 6-round draw against Tony Ross in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Baseball
30,338 were in attendance at the first major league game at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh, but most of them went home disappointed when the Chicago Cubs beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 3-2. Ed Reulbach was the winning pitcher, while Vic Willis took the loss.

90 years ago
1919

Baseball

The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Boston Red Sox at the Polo Grounds in New York, winning 7-4 and 4-2. All the Boston runs in the first game came on a grand slam by first baseman Babe Ruth.

80 years ago
1929

Golf

Bobby Jones won the U.S. Open at Mamaroneck, New York, crushing runner-up Al Espinosa 141-164 in a 36-hole playoff.

75 years ago
1934

World events

The "Night of the Long Knives" began, in which German Chancellor Adolf Hitler liquidated his opposition within the Nazi party. The most prominent person murdered was Ernst Roehm, leader of the Sturmabteilung (SA). Most of the victims were members of the SA, a Nazi paramilitary unit commonly referred to as Brownshirts. Most of those doing the killing were members of the Schutzstaffel (SS) and Gestapo. By July 2 at least 85, and possibly many more, had been murdered.

Defense
The German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee was launched.

Baseball
New York Yankees’ first baseman Lou Gehrig hit 3 triples in as many plate appearances against the Washington Nationals at Griffith Stadium in Washington, but the game was called because of rain after 4 ½ innings. Since a game has to go at least 5 full innings when the home team isn’t ahead, it officially went as a postponement, and none of the records from the game counted in the official statistics.

60 years ago
1949

Crime

Ruth Ann Steinhagen was arraigned in a Chicago courtroom for shooting Philadelphia Phillies’ first baseman Eddie Waitkus on June 14. Mr. Waitkus, in a wheelchair, testified at the hearing. A jury found her criminally insane, and by early afternoon she was on her way to Kankakee State mental hospital, where she remained until April 17, 1952.

Baseball
Joe DiMaggio hit his 4th home run in 3 games to lead the New York Yankees to a 6-3 win over the Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park in Boston, and a sweep of their three-game series. Vic Raschi (12-2) took the win over Mel Parnell (10-4).

The Boston Braves took two games from the New York Giants at the Polo Grounds in New York, 3-0 and 6-2. In the second game, Alvin Dark and Bob Elliott both hit inside-the-park home runs for the Braves.

50 years ago
1959


On the radio
Thirty-Minute Theatre: The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Beryl Coronet

Baseball
One of the strangest and funniest plays in baseball history occurred in a game between the St. Louis Cardinals and Chicago Cubs at Wrigley Field in Chicago. On a 3-1 count in the top of the 4th inning, Bob Anderson's pitch to Stan Musial was wild and bounced back to the screen. Catcher Sammy Taylor ignored the ball‚ assuming it had ticked off Mr. Musial's bat‚ but Cubs’ third baseman Alvin Dark rushed in to retrieve the wild pitch/foul tip. The bat boy tossed the ball to field announcer Pat Piper‚ and Mr. Dark finally retrieved it from him. Meanwhile, home plate umpire Vic Delmore had handed a second ball to Mr. Anderson. Through all this‚ Mr. Musial reached first with what he thought was ball four‚ and then streaked for second base. Simultaneously‚ Mr. Dark and Mr. Anderson both threw to second base. Mr. Anderson's throw went into center field‚ but Mr. Dark's throw to shortstop Ernie Banks caught the sliding Mr. Musial. Stan the Man ignored the tag and rambled to third base as play was stopped. Mr. Delmore then ruled Mr. Musial out at second base‚ while umpire Al Barlick ruled Mr. Musial safe at first base. Both managers played the game under protest‚ but the Cardinals dropped theirs after beating the Cubs 4-1. The National League fired Vic Delmore at the end of the season.

40 years ago
1969


On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: The Invisible Shotgun

World events
The Nigerian government officially relieved the International Committee of the Red Cross of responsibility for coordinating relief efforts on both sides of Nigeria’s war with the breakaway state of Biafra. The official Nigerian radio denounced the Red Cross as "an intolerable nuisance and an obstacle to peace." Four million people were facing starvation as a result of the banning of night flights of relief.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Ring My Bell--Anita Ward

This was Miss Ward’s only hit.

Diplomacy
United States President Jimmy Carter arrived in Seoul, and visited an American infantry base near the demilitarized zone separating North and South Korea.

Baseball
The New York Mets broke open a 3-3 tie with 6 runs in the top of the 11th inning to take a 9-3 lead over the Chicago Cubs at Wrigley Field in Chicago, but pinch hitter Mike Vail hit a grand slam in the bottom of the 11th, and the Mets barely held on to win 9-8.

The Inter-American League, planned as a new AAA league, folded less than halfway through its first season. The Miami Amigos, with a 43-17 record, were declared league champions. IAL rosters were stocked with a number of former major league players, including former Cincinnati Reds’ center fielder Bobby Tolan and former Montreal Expos’ first baseman and pinch hitter (and this blogger’s favourite player) Hal Breeden.

25 years ago
1984

Politics

John Turner officially replaced Pierre Trudeau as Prime Minister of Canada, two weeks after being elected leader of the Liberal party.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-0) 49 @ Montreal (0-1) 31
Ottawa (0-1) 31 @ Edmonton (1-0) 32

Dave Cutler’s 11-yard field goal with less than 2 minutes remaining gave the Edmonton Eskimos a 32-21 win over the Ottawa Rough Riders in the season opener at Commonwealth Stadium in Edmonton. Matt Dunigan, making his first start as a CFL quarterback, completed just 14 of 33 passes, but 4 of the completions went to Brian Kelly for touchdowns as the Eskimos rallied from an early 14-0 deficit. Mr. Kelly tied Jim Germany’s record for touchdowns in a game, and became the first Eskimo to score 4 receiving touchdowns in a game. Eskimos’ safety Lou DesLauriers made 3 interceptions in his first CFL game, all off Ottawa quarterback J.C. Watts. Mr. DesLaurier’s third interception came in the last minute, just when the Rough Riders appeared to be driving for a game-winning field goal. For many members of the rebuilding Eskimos, it was their first game with the team. Among the newcomers was linebacker Danny Bass, recently acquired in a trade with the Calgary Stampeders. For punter Paul Hickie, it was his last game with the team; he punted 8 times for a league-leading 46.3-yard average, but kicked to the wrong side of the field (i.e., away from the coverage that the Eskimos had set up) in the first quarter, and Dave Newman returned the ball 35 yards to set up an Ottawa touchdown. Brian Allen, whose fine play in pre-season had enabled him to beat out Chris Woods for the wide receiver spot opposite Brian Kelly, caught 2 passes for just 10 yards in what turned out to be his only CFL game. For the Eskimos, the win was their seventh straight in season openers.

At Olympic Stadium in Montreal, the Hamilton Tiger-Cats defeated the Montreal Concordes 49-31 in the first game of the season for both teams. The biggest play was an 83-yard touchdown rush by Hamilton running back Kelvin Lindsey, playing his first CFL game. It was also the CFL debut for former University of Nebraska star Turner Gill, who started at quarterback for the Concordes.

Golf
Nick Price was leading the Canadian Open after three rounds at Glen Abbey in Oakville, Ontario.

10 years ago
1999


Scandal
Webster Hubbell, a former associate U.S. Attorney General and close friend of President Bill Clinton, pled guilty to reduced charges in the investigation being conducted by independent counsel Kenneth Starr. In his plea bargain, Mr. Hubbell acknowledged that he had concealed from investigators legal work that he and Mr. Clinton’s wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton, had done in a connection with a land deal described by prosecutors as a sham. He also pled guilty to a misdemeanour count of failing to pay federal income taxes. Mr. Hubbell would serve no time in prison and would pay nominal fines. He told reporters that Mrs. Clinton had done nothing illegal.

Economics and finance
In the United States, the Federal Reserve Board announced an increase in the federal-funds rate--the rate banks charged each other on overnight loans--from 4.75% to 5%. The increase was an attempt to head off possible inflationary pressures. The discount rate--the rate at which commercial banks borrowed from the Federal Reserve--remained at 4.5%.

Politics
Texas Governor George W. Bush reported that his presidential campaign had raised $36.25 million, by far the most ever for a presidential candidate this early in the race.

Football
The Edmonton Eskimos finished the pre-season with a 2-0 record as they whipped the British Columbia Lions (0-2) 49-9 at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. The game marked the first appearance in an Eskimo uniform for centre Hicham El-Mashtoub, who had been bouncing around National Football League camps after being drafted by the Eskimos in 1995. In the other game, the Toronto Argonauts (1-1) defeated the Montreal Alouettes (1-1) 23-17 at Molson Stadium in Montreal.

June 29, 2009

100 years ago
1909


Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates scored 4 runs in the first inning against Three Finger Brown and went on to defeat the Chicago Cubs 8-1 in the last major league game ever played at Exposition Park in Pittsburgh. Lefty Leifield was the winning pitcher.

90 years ago
1919


Baseball
Carl Mays pitched both games of a doubleheader for the Boston Red Sox against the New York Yankees at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Mays won the first game 2-0, but lost the second 4-1. Babe Ruth, playing first base for the Red Sox in relief for injured Stuffy McInnis, had two hits in each game.

80 years ago
1929


Baseball
Babe Ruth hit 2 home runs and the Philadelphia Athletics made 4 errors as the Yankees beat the Athletics 7-5, handing Lefty Grove just his second loss of the season.

60 years ago
1949


Baseball
The Boston Red Sox blew a 7-0 lead and lost 9-7 to the New York Yankees at Fenway Park in Boston. Joe DiMaggio, playing just his second game of the season after missing the first 69 games because of a foot injury, hit 2 home runs and batted in 5 runs to lead the Yankee comeback. His 2-run home run in the 8th inning off Earl Johnson broke a 7-7 tie.

Ralph Kiner, featured on the cover of the current issue of The Saturday Evening Post, drove in 5 runs with a grand slam and a double to lead the Pittsburgh Pirates to a 7-3 win over the Cincinnati Reds.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.: The Battle of New Orleans--Johnny Horton (5th week at #1)

At the movies
Two preview screenings of Anatomy of a Murder took place in Marquette, Michigan, where the movie was filmed. The courtroom drama, directed by Otto Preminger and starring James Stewart, was filmed in Marquette. The novel was written by Robert Traver, whose real name was John Voekler. Mr. Voekler, who had just been appointed to the bench in 1959, was the defense lawyer in the real-life case upon which the novel and movie were based. The bar where the actual murder took place was also the crime scene in the film.

40 years ago
1969


Died on this date
Moise Tshombe, 49
. Congolese politician. Mr. Tshombe was elected President of the republic of Katanga when that province broke away from the Belgian Congo in 1960; he favoured continued ties with Belgium. The United Nations intervened and eventually forced Katanga to submit to Congolese rule. Mr. Tshombe fled to Northern Rhodesia and then to Spain, but returned to Congo in 1964 to serve as Prime Minister in a new coalition government. In 1965 he was dismissed by President Joseph Kasavubu, and in 1967 Joseph Mobutu, who had staged a successful coup against Mr. Kasavubu a year earlier, charged Mr. Tshombe with treason. Mr. Tshombe fled to exile in Spain, and he was sentenced to death in absentia. On June 30, 1967, a plane in which Mr. Tshombe was travelling was hijacked to Algeria. He was jailed and then kept under house arrest, and died of a heart attack.

Abominations
The first worship service in the White House to be led by a rabbi began with a Christian hymn that the largely Jewish gathering could not sing, but Rabbi Louis Finkelstein said that he was not surprised nor upset by the hymn.

Protest
Policemen in Buenos Aires used tear gas to disperse 150 demonstrators shortly before New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller arrived on his fact-finding mission. More than 15,000 uniformed and plainclothes policemen were mobilized for the visit.

Disasters
About 150 people were injured when 10 cars of a Seaboard Coast Line train carrying 600 passengers went off the tracks in Glenn Dale, Maryland. 6 of the passengers were reportedly seriously injured, and one man died of a heart attack.

Boxing
Jose Napoles retained his world welterweight title with a 10-round knockout of former champion Curtis Cokes in Mexico City. Mr. Napoles had taken the title from Mr. Cokes on April 19 with a 13-round knockout in Inglewood, California.

Baseball
On Billy Williams Day at Wrigley Field in Chicago, the Cubs’ outfielder played in his 897th consecutive game, breaking Stan Musial’s National League record, as the Cubs swept the St. Louis Cardinals 3-1 and 12-1 before 41,060.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to tie the game and then scored the winning run on a bases-loaded single by Chico Ruiz in the 10th to defeat the San Francisco Giants 7-6 at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

The Kansas City Royals and Minnesota Twins split a doubleheader, with the Royals winning the opener 7-2, and the Twins taking the second game 12-2. After flying out his first time at bat in the first game, Minnesota outfielder Tony Oliva followed with 8 straight hits in the doubleheader.

30 years ago
1979


World events
The G7 summit of the world’s leading industrial democracies--United States; Canada; Japan; France; Great Britain; West Germany; Italy--concluded with an agreement to cut ceilings on oil imports through 1985. The U.S.A. agreed to limit imports to 8.5 million barrels per day. The other nations had yet to determine their limits. The G7 agreed to increase investment in new energy technologies. Canada was represented at the summit by Prime Minister Joe Clark; it was his first major international event since taking office.

Diplomacy
In Nicaragua, both moderate and leftist opponents of President Anastasio Somoza rejected American proposals to end the country’s civil war, aimed at installing a government more conservative than the provisional Sandanista junta.

Labour
The administration of President Jimmy Carter presented a plan to help end strikes by independent truckers in the United States. The plan met three of the truckers’ most important demands: permission for automatic pass-through of higher diesel fuel costs to shippers; support for federal legislation to establish uniform national weight-and-length standards for trucks; and an effort to achieve equitable allocation of available fuel supplies to truckers.

Scandal
U.S. Congressman Charles Diggs (Democrat--Michigan) admitted to a House of Representatives ethics hearing that he used federal funds to pay over $40,000 in personal bills. He agreed to repay the amount and accepted censure in return for an end to the investigation.

Football
The Edmonton Eskimos finished the pre-season with a 2-2 record when they beat the Saskatchewan Roughriders 53-20 at Taylor Field in Regina; the Roughriders’ pre-season record dropped to 1-2. Gregg Butler and Emilio Fraietta each returned a punt for an Eskimo touchdown. Artificial turf had been installed in Taylor Field for 1979, and linebacker Ian Bryans became the first of several Eskimos over the years to suffer serious injuries playing on that surface. Mr. Bryans suffered a knee injury that put him out for the season, and he never played again. The game also marked the final Eskimo appearance for veterans Charlie Turner and John Farlinger.

25 years ago
1984


Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. offered to begin talks with the U.S.A. in the fall on banning weapons in outer space. The U.S. State Department said that it was willing, but wanted talks broadened to include other weapons systems.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the Index of Leading Economic Indicators fell 0.1% in May.

Football
In the first game of the Canadian Football League regular season, the Calgary Stampeders upset the Winnipeg Blue Bombers 24-17 at McMahon Stadium in Calgary, providing Steve Buratto with a win in his first game as a CFL head coach. It was the first CFL regular season game ever played in June.

Baseball
Pete Rose of the Montreal Expos played in his 3,309th major league game, breaking Carl Yastrzemski’s major league record, as the Expos defeated Mr. Rose’s former (and future) team, the Cincinnati Reds, 7-3. Mr. Rose went 0 for 5 in the game.

The Minnesota Twins and Detroit Tigers split a doubleheader. The Twins won the opener 5-3 as Andre David, in his first major league plate appearance, hit his only major league home run, a two-run blast against Tigers’ ace Jack Morris. Kirk Gibson hit 2 two-run homers and Chet Lemon and Ruppert Jones each hit one as the Tigers won the second game 7-5.

20 years ago
1989


Personal
This blogger attended a University of Western Ontario alumni social at University House on the University of Alberta campus, and enjoyed meeting UWO President George Pedersen, among others.

Football
The Toronto Argonauts (1-0) edged the Winnipeg Blue Bombers (0-2) 17-16 in a pre-season game, the first CFL game ever played at SkyDome in Toronto. In the other game, the British Columbia Lions (1-0) defeated the Calgary Stampeders (0-1) 25-7 at McMahon Stadium in Calgary.

10 years ago
1999


Law
Abdullah Ocalan, leader of the Kurdish rebellion in Turkey, was convicted of treason by a Turkish court and sentenced to death. Mr. Ocalan had told the court that if he were spared the death penalty he would use his influence among the Kurds to end the conflict with the government. Mary Robinson, United Nations high commissioner for human rights, criticized the trial for lack of due process.

Football
The Calgary Stampeders (2-0) defeated the Saskatchewan Roughriders (0-2) 34-24 in CFL pre-season action.

Wednesday, 24 June 2009

June 28, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, James Remnant and Minnie de Ramos!

100 years ago
1909

Politics

Yukon Territory held an election, resulting in the first all-elected Council of the Yukon Territory.

90 years ago
1919

War

Germany and the Allies signed the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending Germany’s involvement in World War I.

70 years ago
1939


Boxing
Joe Louis (39-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of Tony Galento (76-24-5) at 2:29 of the 4th round at Yankee Stadium in New York. "Two-Ton" Tony provided some excitement in the 3rd round when he knocked the champion down.

Baseball
The New York Yankees set a major league record with 13 home runs in a doubleheader as they swept a pair from the Philadelphia Athletics, 23-2 and 10-0. In the opener, the home runs came from Babe Dahlgren (2); Joe DiMaggio (2); Bill Dickey; Joe Gordon; Tommy Henrich; and George Selkirk. Homers in the second game were hit by Joe Gordon (2); Frank Crosetti; Mr. DiMaggio; and Mr. Dahlgren. The Athletics hit no home runs in the two games. Monty Pearson won the first game, Lefty Gomez the second.

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight's episode: The Motor Murder Case

Baseball
After missing the first 69 games of the season because of a foot injury, Joe DiMaggio returned to the New York Yankees' lineup, and hit a home run and a single to help the Yankees to defeat the Boston Red Sox 6-4 at Fenway Park in Boston. The attendance of 36,228 was the largest for a night game in Fenway Park history. Hank Bauer got the Yankees' scoring started with a three-run home run in the 2nd inning off Red Sox' rookie Mickey McDermott.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Love Theme from Romeo & Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus

Calgary’s top 10
1 The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles
2 Bad Moon Rising--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 Get Back--The Beatles
4 Medicine Man (Part I)--Buchanan Brothers
5 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
6 Love Theme from Romeo & Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus
7 Love (Can Make You Happy)--Mercy
8 Goodbye--Mary Hopkin
9 See--The Rascals
10 Israelites--Desmond Dekker and the Aces
Pick hit of the week: Crosswalk--The Stampeders

Society
Police and sodomites clashed at the Stonewall Inn in New York City. The incident, which occurred in the wee hours, was instigated by a concern on the part of the police that the sodomite hangout was controlled by organized crime. When the perverts fought back, it was regarded as the beginning of the sodomite rights movement, which has plagued the world for the last 40 years.

Space
The United States launched Biosatellite 3, a heavily instrumented biomedical research capsule, carrying a male macaque monkey named Bonny. The satellite’s 30-day mission was to evaluate animal responses to long stays in space.

War
Honduras and El Salvador accepted mediation offers from Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica in an effort to end the Soccer War.

Politics
The vice-president and eight other members of Greece’s Council of State resigned in a protest against the military regime’s attempt to assert authority over the nation’s judiciary.

30 years ago
1979


Oil
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries agreed to raise the base price of oil 24% to a minimum price of $18 per barrel. A complex new price system was agreed upon that would allow a maximum price of $23.50 per barrel.

A summit meeting of the world’s seven leading industrial democracies (G7) opened in Tokyo. The nations hoped to reach agreement on freezing oil imports and reduce energy consumption and western reliance on OPEC.

25 years ago
1984


Diplomacy
Rev. Jesse Jackson, in Nicaragua, praised the Sandanista regime and predicted that it would win a "final victory" over insurgents supported by the United States. He then returned to Havana and then returned to the United States, accompanied by the 22 American prisoners who had been freed the previous day after negotiations with Cuban dictator Fidel Castro. Rev. Jackson repudiated the comments of Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan, who four days earlier, had said that Judaism was a "gutter religion" and that Israel was an "outlaw" state.

In a prisoner exchange, Syria delivered to Israel 3 soldiers captured in Lebanon and 3 diplomats seized May 1 after they drove into Syrian-controlled territory in Lebanon. Israel returned 291 Syrian soldiers.

Crime
A number of archival documents were stolen from the regional history collection at D.B. Weldon Library at the University of Western Ontario. The thief had asked to see certain documents, and while the staff weren't looking, had stuffed them into his briefcase and departed. Regional history curator Ed Phelps became aware of the theft when a local coin and stamp dealer called him to report that someone had attempted to sell the documents to him, and a foot chase then took place on the streets of downtown London at lunchtime. Police commandeered a truck, but the chase ended when the truck driver was reluctant to pursue the thief down the wrong way of a one-way street. The London Free Press reported, "Phelps regretted that he was not in better shape so that he could continue the chase. 'I stood there jumping up and down with my glasses flapping.'" The documents were recovered several months later when they were found in a locker at the downtown train station (or was it the bus depot?), and the thief was nabbed in the United States when he tried to pull a similar caper. In 1987 Mr. Phelps was kind enough to show this blogger the regional history collection's file on the case, and Mr. Phelps remarked that it may have been the first time that a police report form was used as an archival finding aid.

20 years ago
1989


Football
The Edmonton Eskimos opened their pre-season with a 28-24 loss to the Saskatchewan Roughriders (2-0) at Taylor Field in Regina. The game was the last for Eskimo receiver James Hood, who was playing for his fifth Canadian Football League team in as many years. He began his career with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers in 1985, then went to the Montreal Alouettes in 1986, where he was chosen the Eastern Division’s Most Outstanding Player. When the Alouettes folded in 1987, Mr. Hood was picked up by the Ottawa Rough Riders. In 1988 he played for the Saskatchewan Roughriders, and joined the Eskimos in the off-season. In the other game, the Hamilton Tiger-Cats (1-0) routed the Ottawa Rough Riders (0-1) at Ivor Wynne Stadium in Hamilton.

10 years ago
1999


Economics and finance
U.S. President Bill Clinton announced that new projections showed federal budget surpluses totalling nearly $3 trillion through 2009.