Thursday, 30 April 2009

April 30, 2009

220 years ago
1789


Politics
George Washington was inaugurated as the first President of the United States under the Constitution. The ceremony took place in New York.

90 years ago
1919

Baseball

Joe Oeschger of the Philadelphia Phillies and Burleigh Grimes of the Brooklyn Dodgers both pitched complete games in a 9-9 20-inning tie at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Mr. Oeschger gave up 22 hits and 5 bases on balls, while Mr. Grimes gave up 15 hits and 5 walks. Both teams scored 3 runs in the 19th inning.

70 years ago
1939


Americana
President Franklin D. Roosevelt was on hand in New York to officially open the World's Fair. It was the first major public event to be televised.

Baseball
Elsewhere in New York, the Washington Nationals defeated the New York Yankees 7-2 at Yankee Stadium. Yankees' first baseman Lou Gehrig went 0 for 4 at the plate in what turned out to be his last game.

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Pat Novak For Hire, starring Jack Webb, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Wendy Morris

Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Cautious Corpse

Baseball
In the top of the ninth inning at Wrigley Field in Chicago, the St. Louis Cardinals were trailing the Chicago Cubs 3-2 when Rocky Nelson of the Cardinals hit a sinking line drive to center field. Center fielder Andy Pafko's catch was ruled a "trap" by umpire Al Barlick, and while Mr. Pafko argued the call, Mr. Nelson rounded the bases and scored with a runner ahead of him to give the Cardinals a 4-3 lead, which they held. It may have been the only "inside-the-glove" home run in major league history.

40 years ago
1969

War

Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir said that Israel's raid the day before on the Nag Hammadi dam and bridge, Idfu bridge and the high-voltage power station at Isna was in retaliation for recent Egyptian attacks across the Suez Canal. Egypt denied that any damage had been done, but Israeli radio claimed that the raid had been "a severe blow to Egyptian morale" more severe than the material and economic hurt that had been inflicted. The countries exchanged tank and artillery fire across the canal along a 60-mile front from Qantara to Port Taufiq. The Israelis claimed that Egypt started the firing in which six Israelis were killed, including three civilians working on the fortifications.

Politics
Capt. Terence O'Neill resigned as Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, two days after resigning as leader of the ruling Unionist party.

Society
It was reported that the United States administration of President Richard Nixon had indefinitely postponed plans for an all-out attack on hunger in America, turning instead to a series of stopgap measures. The main reason for the decision was fiscal, although part of the White House staff said that recent reports of starvation were exaggerated.

Baseball
Jim Maloney pitched his first no-hitter since 1965 as the Cincinnati Reds routed the Houston Astros 10-0 at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Reds' centre fielder Bobby Tolan drove in four runs.

30 years ago
1979


Defense
U.S. President Jimmy Carter defended the proposed strategic arms limitation treaty SALT II, saying that the U.S.S.R. would not violate the treaty for fear of U.S. rejection of the entire pact, and the resultant threat to U.S.-Soviet relations.

Politics
The United States Senate approved a bill creating a federal department of education, but the bill faced stiff opposition in the House of Representatives.

Scandal
United States Senator Herman Talmadge (Democrat--Georgia) professed his innocence in Senate hearings to five charges of mishandling his
financial affairs and thus breaching the Senate's code of ethics.

10 years ago
1999


Society
At the National Rifle Association convention in Denver, leaders of the NRA reaffirmed their support for Americans' constitutional right to bear arms. The convention took place just 10 days after the Columbine High School massacre in suburban Littleton, and thousands of protesters demonstrated against the NRA outside the convention hall.

Hockey
The Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the Philadelphia Flyers 2-1 in overtime to take a 3 games to 2 lead in their second-round Stanley Cup playoff series. The St. Louis Blues defeated the Phoenix Coyotes 2-1 in overtime in another Stanley Cup game.

Wednesday, 29 April 2009

April 29, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Irina Zabelina!

60 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Mysterious Picture, starring Marc Daniels, Hugo Haas, and Mark Stevens

40 years ago
1969


War
Israeli helicopter-borne commandos attacked the Nag Hammadi dam and bridge, Idfu bridge, and the high-voltage power station near Luxor, Egypt.

Politics
Former French Prime Minister Georges Pompidou announced his candidacy for president to succeed the departed Charles de Gaulle, and was immediately endorsed by the Union for the Defense of the Republic, the Gaullist party.

Hockey
The Montreal Canadiens defeated the St. Louis Blues 3-1 at the Montreal Forum to take a 2 games to 0 lead in the Stanley Cup finals.

30 years ago
1979


Politics
Left-centre candidate Jaime Roldos was elected President of Ecuador in that country's first free elections since imposition of military rule in 1972.

Energy
A U.S. National Academy of Sciences study predicted 2,000 fatalities linked to atomic energy in the United States by 2000, with one in every 1,000 Americans likely to develop cancer from combined radiation sources.

20 years ago
1989

Edmontonia

Dr. Bernard Nathanson, American abortionist-turned pro-life writer and speaker, spoke to a large crowd at University Pavillion in Edmonton. The evening included a screening of the film Silent Scream 2, depicting the gruesome reality of late-term abortions. The Edmonton Journal buried its account of Dr. Nathanson's appearance, appropriately putting it next to the birth and death announcements.

10 years ago
1999


World events
At the urging of Yasser Arafat, Palestinian leaders abandoned the plan to declare statehood on May 4, in advance of Israeli elections.

War
NATO bombed the Yugoslavian army headquarters and Defense Ministry in Belgrade.

Crime
The 18-year-old girlfriend of Columbine High School killer Dylan Kliebold admitted that she had bought the rifle and two shotguns used in the April 20 attack at gun shows.

Baseball
The Anaheim Angels scored 7 runs in the first inning en route to a 17-1 win over the Toronto Blue Jays. Andy Sheets drove in 5 of the Angels' runs.

Sunday, 26 April 2009

April 28, 2009

40 years ago
1969


Politics
Charles de Gaulle resigned as President of France effective immediately, and went into seclusion at Colombey-les-Deux-Eglises. Mr. de Gaulle's resignation came the day after a national referendum resulted in the defeat of his proposals for decentralization of government. Mr. de Gaulle had made the vote into a test of confidence in his leadership. Alain Poher, 60, President of the Senate, became interim President of France, while Prime Minister Maurice Couve de Murville and his cabinet stayed on as a caretaker government pending elections slated to replace Mr. de Gaulle, whose third seven-year term wasn't due to expire until 1972.

Captain Terence O'Neill announced his resignation as leader of the Unionist party, and his intention to resign as Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. He had steadily lost support of the Protestant-dominated Unionist party as he sought to bridge the gap between Northern Ireland's Protestant majority and Roman Catholic minority.

The first meeting of the new central committee of the Chinese Communist party elected a 21-man politburo and a standing committee of five headed by Mao Tse-tung and Lin Piao, and including Premier Chou En-lai and two other men who were leaders of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

Science
U.S. President Richard Nixon conceded that he was wrong in denying the National Science Foundation directorship to Dr. Franklin Long because of Dr. Long's opposition to the Sentinel anti-ballistic missile.

Academia
Harvard University students voted in a referendum not to renew their strike against the university./

City College of New York president Buell Gallagher vowed that the college would stay shut as long as negotiations with Negro and Puerto Rican occupiers continued.

Disasters
Five American climbers and two Sherpa guides were killed in an avalanche while they prepared to ascend Mount Dhaulagiri in Nepal.

30 years ago
1979

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Heart of Glass--Blondie

Scandal
The United States administration of President Jimmy Carter disclosed that two Americans convicted in 1976 of selling government secrets to the U.S.S.R. had given the Soviets information on the satellite systems the U.S.A. expected to use in monitoring Soviet compliance with the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT-II) agreement.

Hockey
The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Boston Bruins 5-2 at the Montreal Forum to take a 2 games to 0 lead in their Stanley Cup semi-final series. Denis Potvin scored 8:02 into overtime to give the New York Islanders a 4-3 win over the New York Rangers at Nassau County Coliseum in Uniondale, New York, knotting their Stanley Cup semi-final series at 1 game each.

25 years ago
1984


Hockey
The New York Islanders defeated the Montreal Canadiens 5-2 at the Montreal Forum to reduce the Canadiens' lead in their Prince of Wales Conference final series to 2 games to 1. The Edmonton Oilers defeated the Minnesota North Stars 8-5 at Northlands Coliseum to take a 2 games to 0 lead in their Clarence S. Campbell Conference final series.

10 years ago
1999


Crime
In an apparent copycat of the Columbine High School shooting of eight days earlier, a 14-year-old boy in Taber, Alberta shot two high school students, killing one.

Scandal
U.S. Energy Secretary Bill Richardson confirmed that Wen Ho Lee, a scientist dismissed in March from the Los Alamos National Laboratory, had transferred large quantities of data from high-security computers to an accessible network.

War
The United States House of representatives, on a 213-213 tie vote, failed to pass a resolution supporting NATO air attacks on Yugoslavia.


Hockey
The Philadelphia Flyers defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 5-2 at Air Canada Centre in Toronto to reduce the Maple Leafs' lead in their first-round Stanley Cup playoff series to 2 games to 1.

Saturday, 25 April 2009

April 27, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Rod Crossley!

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods (3rd week at #1)

40 years ago
1969


Died on this date
Rene Barrientos Ortuno, 49
. President of Bolivia, 1964-1969. General Barrientos, who took power in a military coup in 1964 and won an election two years later, was killed in a helicopter crash near Arque, Bolivia.

Politics
Voters in France, in a referendum, rejected President Charles de Gaulle's proposals for constitutional changes by a margin of 52.40% to 47.69%. The referendum, the fifth in the Fifth Republic, had started as a simple device to vote on the constitutional changes needed to carry out Mr. de Gaulle's plans for decentralizing the country's administration, and redistricting France's 95 departments into 21 economic regions. Mr. de Gaulle added proposals to downgrade the power of the Senate, and to make his Prime Minister, rather than the Senate President, his interim successor. Mr. de Gaulle decided to make the referendum a test of confidence in his leadership, and had threatened to resign if his proposals were defeated.

Labour
Safety critic Ralph Nader attacked the leadership of the United Mine Workers of America and the union's $180 million welfare and retirement fund for what he called corruption, nepotism, and "conspiracy" with the coal industry. The leadership caled Mr. Nader a "fink."

Hockey
The Montreal Canadiens defeated the St. Louis Blues 3-1 at the Montreal Forum in the opening game of the Stanley Cup finals.

30 years ago
1979


World events
The U.S.S.R. freed five prominent dissidents in exchange for two spies held by the United States. Aleksandr Ginsburg, Valentin Moroz, Eduard Kuznetsov, Mark Dymshits, and Georgi Vins were then flown to New York.

Energy
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission ordered the temporary closing of all operating reactors designed by Babcock & Wilcox, manufacturers of the Three Mile Island nuclear plant. The ruling allowed two plants in the southeast to remain in operation to forestall widespread power shortages.

Hockey
Canada defeated Sweden 6-3 in the world championship tournament. At Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton, the Edmonton Oilers defeated the New England Whalers 9-5 to take a 2 games to 0 lead in their Avco World Trophy semi-final playoff series.

25 years ago
1984


On television today
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation daytime public affairs show Take 30 made its final broadcast, ending a 22-year run. The program was, unfortunately, a victim of changing times and dumbing-down of audiences: 1980s viewers preferred soap operas to public affairs and news shows, and an increase in the number of available stations (especially from the United States) helped to drive ratings down. By the end, Take 30 was attracting only about 2% of the viewing audience for its timeslot. Among those who appeared as host on the show was Adrienne Clarkson, who later served as Canada's Governor General. Take 30 also had the distinction of being (I think) the last CBC show to be broadcast in black and white; it didn't begin broadcasting in colour until the fall of 1973. I enjoyed watching Take 30 in the 1970s, but didn't watch it as often in later years. I did see the last show.

20 years ago
1989


Hockey
In Stanley Cup playoff action, the Philadelphia Flyers defeated the Pittsburgh Penguins 6-3.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Al Hirt, 76
. U.S. musician. Mr. Hirt, a New Orleans Dixieland trumpeter, was known for his 1964 hit singles Java and Cotton Candy. This blogger saw him perform on one of the stages at the Klondike Days Sunday promenade in Edmonton many years later.

War
U.S. General Wesley Clark, commander of NATO forces in Yugoslavia, estimated that Serbia had driven 700,000 refugees out of Kosovo since the beginning of bombing on April 3. U.S. President Bill Clinton ordered the call-up of 33,102 reservists to assist the mission in Yugoslavia.

Crime
U.S. President Bill Clinton submitted several gun-control bills to Congress, onee week after the murderous shooting spree at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado. The bills mandated background checks for those wanting to buy explosives or to buy weapons at gun shows. Mr. Clinton also proposed raising from 18 to 21 the minimum age at which someone could own a handgun.

Authorities put the total number of bombs found around the school and at Columbine killer Eric Harris's home at 51.

Hockey
In Edmonton, the Dallas Stars defeated the Edmonton Oilers 3-2 in triple overtime to take a 3 games to 0 lead in their first-round Stanley Cup playoff series.

April 26, 2009

100 years ago
1909

Died on this date
Mike "Doc" Powers, 38
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Powers, catcher with the Phildaelphia Athletics, was injured on April 12 during the first major league game ever played in Philadelphia's Shibe Park when he ran into a wall chasing a popup, and suffered an intestinal injury. He was operated on the next day, but failed to recover. Mr. Powers had 1 hit in 4 at bats with a run scored in the game.

60 years ago
1949

On television tonight

Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: A Night at the Inn, starring Boris Karloff

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In--The 5th Dimension (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: Get Back--The Beatles

Calgary's top 10
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In--The 5th Dimension
2 Hair--The Cowsills
3 Sweet Cherry Wine--Tommy James and the Shondells
4 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant
5 Tricia Tell Your Daddy--Andy Kim
6 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
7 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
8 Wishful Sinful--The Doors
9 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
10 Mendocino--Sir Douglas Quintet
Pick hit of the week: The Boxer--Simon and Garfunkel

War
The United States Defense Department announced that the battleship New Jersey, which had been diverted to eastern waters after an American reconnaissance plane had been shot down by North Korea over the Sea of Japan on April 15, would be returned to the United States. It was disclosed that the task force had been reduced from 20 ships to one carrier and seven destroyers, and that the other 21 vessels were returning to ports in Japan and the Philippines.

Protest
100 Negro students were jailed in Charleston, South Carolina after they attempted to march down the city's main thoroughfare in support of striking hospital workers. The arrests brought to 200 the total arrested in Charleston, whose streets were patrolled by National Guardsmen and state troopers.

30 years ago
1979


War
United Nations peace forces arranged a cease-fire between Israelis and Palestinian guerrillas in southern Lebanon, ending four days of intense fighting.

Diplomacy
United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim arrived in Hanoi to aid negotiations for Vietnam-China disengagement.

Personal
This blogger visited the University of Alberta campus for the first time, and spent several hours in the company of old friends from Yellowknife who were still in residence.

Hockey
The Montreal Canadiens beat the Boston Bruins 4-2 in the opening game of their Stanley Cup semi-final playoff series at the Montreal Forum.

The Edmonton Oilers defeated the New England Whalers 6-2 at Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton in the opening game of their Avco World Trophy semi-final series. This blogger had the pleasure of meeting Johnny McKenzie of the Whalers in an elevator at the Chateau Lacombe. Mr. McKenzie's long career, which included Stanley Cup wins with the Boston Bruins in 1970 and 1972, ended with this series.

25 years ago
1984


Hockey
The Montreal Canadiens defeated the New York Islanders 4-2 at Nassau County Coliseum in Uniondale, New York to take a 2 games to 0 lead in their third-round (Prince of Wales Conference final) Stanley Cup series.

20 years ago
1989


Hockey
The Chicago Blackhawks defeated the St. Louis Blues 4-2 in Stanley Cup playoff action.

10 years ago
1999


World events
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat received a letter from U.S. President Bill Clinton urging him not to act unilaterally on Palestinian statehood, but also giving a signal of support for eventual statehood.

Politics
India's President, Kocheril Narayanan, dissolved parliament and called for a general election within six months.

Hockey
The Toronto Maple Leafs edged the Philadelphia Flyers 2-1 in Philadelphia to take a 2 games to 0 lead in their second-round Stanley Cup playoff series.

Thursday, 23 April 2009

April 25, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Suzie Martin!

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Golden Pince-Nez

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: It Doesn't Matter Anymore--Buddy Holly (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

Edmonton's top 10
1 Hair--The Cowsills
2 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In--The 5th Dimension
3 Galveston--Glen Campbell
4 Long Green--The Fireballs
5 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
6 The Letter--The Arbors
7 Hot Smoke and Sasafrass--The Bubble Puppy
8 Time of the Season--The Zombies
9 Rock Me--Steppenwolf
10 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant

Politics
Rashid Karami resigned as Premier of Lebanon after a midnight debate in which his severe repression of demonstrations was criticized. 12 rioters and policemen were killed in two days of rioting over Lebanon's restrictions on Arab commandos.

20 years ago
1989


Personal
This blogger enjoyed the inspiring sight of Jacqueline McGowan in a mini-skirt.

Hockey
The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Boston Bruins 3-2 at the Montreal Forum to win their second-round Stanley Cup playoff series 4 games to 1.

10 years ago
1999


Defense
North Atlantic Treaty Organization leaders met with leaders of seven non-NATO nations surrounding Yugoslavia and pledged to protect them from Yugoslav aggression--completely oblivious to the fact that it was the NATO nations who were the aggressors.

Crime
U.S. Vice-President Al Gore was among 70,000 people who attended a memorial service for victims of the Columbine High School shooting five days earlier. Some of those in attendance may actually have known some of the deceased.

April 24, 2009

40 years ago
1969


War
American B-52's dropped almost 3,000 tons of bombs on the Cambodian border area northwest of Saigon, by far the heaviest bombing concentration of the Vietnam war. Some of the raids hit within 2,000 yards of the border.

Politics
The ninth congress of the Chinese Communist party ended.

Hockey
Jean Beliveau's goal at 11:28 of the second overtime period gave the Montreal Canadiens a 2-1 victory over the Boston Bruins at Boston Garden and a victory in their Stanley Cup semi-final series by 4 games to 2.

30 years ago
1979


World events
Medhi Bazargan, Prime Minister of Iran, criticized Islamic committees linked to the Ayatollah Khomeini, calling for an end to anarchy and the "rule of revenge."

Politics
Election returns in Rhodesia showed the United African National Council with 51 of 100 seats, making UANC leader Bishop Abel Muzorewa the country's first Negro political leader. Rev. Ndabaningi Sithole's Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) won 14.6% of the vote for 12 seats; Rev. Sithole cahrged "grave irrregularities" in the vote, but did not repudiate the election. 63.9% of the Negro electorate cast votes in the April 17-21 elections, according to official results. Bishop Muzorewa, a Methodist, urged international recognition of the new regime. U.S. Senator Jesse Helms introduced a bill to force President Jimmy Carter to lift economic sanctions against Rhodesia. The U.S. State Department called Helms' move premature.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter appointed former special trade representative Robert Strauss as chief United States envoy to Middle East negotiations on Palestinian self-rule.

Hockey
The New York Rangers defeated the Philadelphia Flyers 8-3 at the Spectrum in Philadelphia to win their Stanley Cup quarter-final series 4 games to 1.

25 years ago
1984


Hockey
The third round of Stanley Cup playoffs began with the Edmonton Oilers whipping the Minnesota North Stars 7-1 at Northlands coliseum in Edmonton, and the Montreal Canadiens blanking the New York Islanders 3-0 at Nassau County Coliseum in Uniondale, New York, behind the goaltending of Steve Penney.

10 years ago
1999


Hockey
The Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the Philadelphia Flyers 2-1 in Philadelphia to even their first-round Stanley Cup playoff series at 1 game each.

April 23, 2009

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Pat Novak For Hire, starring Jack Webb, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Rita Malloy

Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Country Killing

40 years ago
1969

World events

Federal Nigerian forces reported the capture of Umuahia, administrative headquarters of Biafra, and the last major centre held by the secessionist regime. The Biafrans still controlled about 2,500 square miles of territory, including the vital airstrip at Uli-Ihiala.

Lebanon declared a state of emergency after at least 7 people were killed and scores injured in clashes between security forces and demonstrators protesting restrictions on Palestinian commandos.

War
North Korea, which had been congratulated by North Vietnam on "its glorious achievement" in shooting down an American reconnaissance plane over the Sea of Japan on April 15, denounced the continuing reconnaissance flights, and threatened to shoot down any U.S. planes that "intruded."

Crime
The jury that convicted Sirhan Sirhan of murder in the June 1968 assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy sentenced Mr. Sirhan to die in a gas chamber.

30 years ago
1979

Diplomacy

Saudi Arabia severed diplomatic and political ties with Egypt, but backed off from a complete economic break.

Politics
Rev. Ndabaningi Sithole, defeated by Bishop Abel Muzorewa in Rhodesian elections, said that his party would not accept the results due to "gross irregularities" in the balloting.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

The Boston Bruins defeated the Montreal Canadiens 3-2 at Boston Garden to avoid being swept in four games in their second-round Stanley Cup playoff series.

10 years ago
1999


Defense
In Washington, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization began three days of celebrating the 50th anniversary of its founding. The event drew heads of government from the 19 member nations. They issued a communique renewing their insistence that Serbia withdraw their forces from Kosovo, and that refugees under international protection be returned safely. NATO is a classic example of an organization that had outlived its usefulness. It was created as a defensive alliance against an aggressive Soviet Union. However, instead of disbanding when the Soviet Union ceased to exist, NATO expanded and became an aggressive alliance. Like the firemen in Ray Bradbury's novel Fahrenheit 451, NATO was, and continues to be, in the business of starting wars instead of preventing them.

Hockey
The Dallas Stars defeated the Edmonton Oilers 3-2 at Reunion Arena in Dallas to take a 2 games to 0 lead in their first-round Stanley Cup playoff series.

April 22, 2009

60 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: A Confession on New Year's Eve, starring John Archer and Stanley Waxman

40 years ago
1969


War
United Nations Secretary-General U Thant told the Security Council that a "virtual state of active war" existed between Israel and Egypt along the Suez Canal and that the cease-fire there "has become almost totally ineffective."

Politics
21-year-old Bernadette Devlin delivered her maiden speech in the British House of Commons just four days after being elected. She spoke on behalf of the "oppressed people" of Ulster, and promised to "knock sense into Harold Wilson."

Society
Rev. Ralph Abernathy, successor to Martin Luther King as head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, led a march of more than 700 striking hospital workers in Charleston, South Carolina.

Academia
The faculty of Harvard University voted to give students a vote i the selection of faculty for a black studies program, and that the program should start as a full-fledged academic department. Students for a Democratic Society ended its boycott of Harvard.

Dr. Buell Gordon Gallagher, president of City College of New York, ordered the college closed after Negro and Puerto Rican students locked themselves inside the gates of the campus. The occupiers renamed the insitution the "University of Harlem," and held impromptu classes attended by some members of the community. The protesters demanded that the college's enrollment reflect the more than 50% Negro and Puerto Rican student population of the city's high schools, and asked a say in its SEEK program for minority students with poor college preparation.

Adventure
Robin Knox-Johnston completed the first nonstop solo voyage around the world as he sailed his 32-foot ketch Suhaili back to his stating place, Falmouth harbour in England. The 29,500-mile trip took 312 days.

Boxing
Joe Frazier knocked out Dave Zyglewicz in the first round of a heavyweight bout in Houston, Texas.

30 years ago
1979


War
Israeli gunboats shelled guerrilla bases in southern Lebanon after terrorists killed four Israelis in the northern town of Hahariya.

20,000 Cambodian refugees entered Thailand, fleeing a continued Vietnamese offensive against remaining Khmer Rouge forces along the Thailand-Cambodia border.

Hockey
Larry Robinson's goal at 4:14 of overtime gave the Montreal Canadiens a 5-4 win over the Toronto Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens and a 4-game sweep of their Stanley Cup quarter-final series. The goal came on a powerplay after a terrible penalty call by the National Hockey League's worst referee, Bob Myers. The Canadiens jumped out to a 4-0 lead, but the Maple Leafs came back with two goals in the second period and twwo more in the third. The loss marked the end of Roger Neilson's reign as head coach of the Maple Leafs.

Weather
It was a cold, dreary day in Calgary.

25 years ago
1984

Hockey


Jarri Kurri's goal proved to be the winner as the Edmonton Oilers defeated the Calgary Flames 7-4 at Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton in the seventh and deciding game of their second-round Stanley Cup playoff series.

10 years ago
1999


War
NATO forces bombed one of Yugoslavian President Slobodan Milosevic's residences in Belgrade. The state television headquarters was also hit, killing at least 10 people.

Crime
Police in Littleton, Colorado found a gasoline-filled container containing shrapnel, intended to be used as a bomb by Columbine High School killers Eric Harris and Dylan Kliebold.

Hockey
The Philadelphia Flyers blanked the visiting Toronto Maple Leafs 3-0 in the opening game of their first-round Stanley Cup playoff series.

April 21, 2009

40 years ago
1969


World events
More than 1,000 British soldiers arrived in Northern Ireland to protect reservoirs, telephone exchanges, and power stations in the wake of weekend riots.

War
A United States Navy task force of 23 warships began moving into the Sea of Japan in response to the downing of an American reconnaissance plane by North Korea six days earlier.

Disasters
An Indian plane crashed near Khulna, East Pakistan, killing all 44 aboard.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart

Died on this date
Ira Vail, 85
. Canadian-born U.S. auto race driver. Mr. Vail, a native of Montreal, raced in the Indianapolis 500 in 1919; 1921; 1922; 1924; and 1925. He completed the first four of those races, finishing 7th in 1921 and 8th in the other three. In 1925 he finished 20th, being forced out after 63 laps because of a broken rod. On May 30, 1917, he managed a third place finish in the International Sweepstakes, a 250-mile race held in Cincinnati in place of the Indianapolis 500, which had been cancelled that year. Mr. Vail was inducted into the National Sprint Car Hall of Fame in the United States in 1993. Ira Vail was no relation to Noah Vail, to whom all seems to be done.

Politics
Moderates were big winners in the five-day elections for black majority rule in Rhodesia. Bishop Abel Muzorewa's party won a 51-seat majority in the new black-dominated parliament.

Hockey
Cam Connor, who had scored just 1 goal in 23 regular season games, scored at 5:25 of the second overtime period to give the Montreal Canadiens a 4-3 win over the Toronto Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens and a 3 games to 0 lead in their Stanley Cup quarter-final series.

25 years ago
1984


Baseball
The Montreal Expos defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 4-0 at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis in a game shortened by rain after 5 innings. David Palmer pitched 5 perfect innings for the Expos.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Boston Bruins 5-4 at Boston Garden to take a 3 games to 0 lead in their second-round Stanley Cup playoff series.

10 years ago
1999


Crime
In response to the killings at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado the day before, the National Rifle Association said that it would cut its convention in Denver the following week from three days to one.

World events
Intelligence officials gave an assessment to U.S. President Bill Clinton and Congress confirming that China had obtained secret data on nuclear weapons, and that it was likely that China was engaged in more spying.

Hockey
The Dallas Stars defeated the Edmonton Oilers 2-1 at Reunion Arena in Dallas on opening night of the Stanley Cup playoffs.

Wednesday, 22 April 2009

April 20, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Tanya Dueck!

120 years ago
1889

Born on this date
Adolf Hitler
. Austrian-born German Chancellor and arch-villain. Don't mention the war; I mentioned it once, but I think I got away with it all right.

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago
1969


War
Israeli troops beat back an Egyptian commando raid on the eastern bank of the Suez Canal and fought long duels against Jordanian artillery across the Jordan River as hostilities intensified.

Terrorism
Gasoline-bomb attacks on nine post offices and a bus in Belfast, Northern Ireland ended a weekend of rioting among Protestants, Roman Catholics, and police. At the request of the Ulster cabinet, the British government agreed to the use of British troops to guard Northern Ireland's public utilities.

Disasters
11 were killed and more than 60 were injured when a roof collapsed in Meerut, India.

30 years ago
1979


Terrorism
The Palace of Senators in Rome was bombed; both left- and right-wing groups claimed responsibility.

25 years ago
1984

Hockey

The Calgary Flames defeated the Edmonton Oilers 6-5 in overtime at Olympic Saddledome in Calgary to send their second-round Stanley Cup playoff series to to a seventh game. At the Montreal Forum, the Montreal Canadiens defeated the Quebec Nordiques 5-3 to win their series 4 games to 2. The game featured the best bench-clearing brawl I've ever seen. Montreal defenseman Jean Hamel was knocked out cold by a punch to his left temple, and lay on the ice as the fighting continued above him; he never played again. Both backup goalies left the bench and received game misconducts. Richard Sevigny, Quebec's backup goaltender, finished the playoffs with 33 minutes in penalties--without getting on the ice for even a second of playing time. Five years earlier his name had been added to the Stanley Cup because he had dressed as the backup goalie for the last three games of the finals, before he had ever played in a National Hockey League game.

20 years ago
1989

Politics

The Liberals, led by Clyde Wells, defeated incumbent Premier Brian Peckford's Progressive Conservatives in the Newfoundland provincial election. Mr. Wells failed to win his riding, and said that someone would have to give up his seat in order to allow him to run in a by-election.

10 years ago
1999


Crime
Eric Harris, 18, and Dylan Kliebold, 17, shot and killed 12 of their classmates and a teacher at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, south of Denver, and then killed themselves. They had planned to blow up the school, but their plan failed only because they were so inept at building bombs. For an interesting recent article on the myths of the Columbine incident, go here.

War
NATO forces destroyed the headquarters of the political party of Yugolslavian President Slobodan Milosevic.

April 19, 2009

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Israelites--Desmond Dekker and the Aces
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In--The 5th Dimension (2nd week at #1)

Calgary's top 10
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In--The 5th Dimension
2 Hair--The Cowsills
3 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
4 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
5 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
6 Sweet Cherry Wine--Tommy James and the Shondells
7 Rock Me--Steppenwolf
8 Mendocino--Sir Douglas Quintet
9 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant
10 Galveston--Glen Campbell
Pick hit of the week: Idaho--The 4 Seasons

War
An intensive search for survivors of the American reconnaissance plane shot down by North Korea over the Sea of Japan four days earlier was called off after the bodies of two crewmen and some wreckage from the plane was found.

The United States presented a squadron of 20 jet fighter-bombers to the South Vietnamese Air Force as the pace of the Vietnam war picked up.

World events
A new wave of civil rights strife between 1,000 Catholics and 200 Protestants in Northern Ireland broke out in Londonderry. 57 policemen and an indefinite number of civilians were injured in this typical Irish social event.

Boxing
Jose Napoles knocked out Curtis Cokes in 13 rounds at The Forum in Inglewood, California to win the world welterweight title.

30 years ago
1979


War
Israeli units and Palestinian guerrillas clashed along the Lebanese border. Right-wing Lebanese militia attacked united Nations peacekeeping forces in the area.

Energy
Disclosure of U.S. Atomic Energy Commission records revealed that the administration of President Dwight Eisenhower told the AEC in 1953 to confuse the public about the possible consequences of fallout from nuclear testing in southern Utah.

Aviation
Federal safety officials in the United States grounded 1,000 Sikorsky S-61 helicopters worldwide, after evidence in the Newark, New Jersey crash involving that model showed that a mechanical defect was responsible for the accident.

Hockey
The U.S.S.R. defeated Canada 5-2 in the world championship tournament.

Baseball
In the second annual Pearson Cup game, the Montreal Expos and Toronto Blue Jays played to a 4-4 tie in 11 innings at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

On the radio
Tonight's broadcast of the CBS Radio Mystery Theater on CFCN in Calgary was The Blue Carbuncle, starring Kevin McCarthy as Sherlock Holmes.

20 years ago
1989


Disasters
An explosion in the Number Two 16-inch gun turret of the United States Navy battleship USS Iowa killed 47 men.

Hockey
The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Boston Bruins 3-2 in overtime at the Montreal Forum to take a 2 games to 0 lead in their second-round Stanley Cup playoff series.

April 18, 2009

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Burmese Goddess

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: It Doesn't Matter Anymore--Buddy Holly

Hockey
The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 5-3 before 14,701 at the Montreal Forum to win the final series 4 games to 1 and become the first team to win four consecutive Stanley Cups. Marcel Bonin scored the cup-winning goal at 9:55 of the second period.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10
1 Galveston--Glen Campbell
2 Hair--The Cowsills
3 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In--The 5th Dimension
4 Long Green--The Fireballs
5 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
6 Mendocino--Sir Douglas Quintet
7 Rock Me--Steppenwolf
8 Time of the Season--The Zombies
9 The Letter--The Arbors
10 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant

The Letter, written by Wayne Carson Thompson, was one of the biggest hits of the 1960s. The Box Tops had a number 1 hit with it in the fall of 1967, and the Edmonton group The Nomads released it as the B-side of Hey Joe in the spring of 1968. In the spring of 1970, Joe Cocker released it as the B-side of Space Captain, but it ended up becoming the hit side of the single, hitting the U.S. top 10.

War
U.S. President Richard Nixon charged that North Korea's downing of a U.S. reconnaissance plane three days earlier was "unprovoked" and "without warning", and ordered resumption of the flights under naval protection.

Defense
U.S. President Richard Nixon declared that he would "fight as hard as I can" for the Safeguard anti-ballistic missile system as pro- and anti-ABM debate heated up in Congress. According to Mr. Nixon, an inferior arms position would impair America's "diplomatic credibility," adding that the ABM was "absolutely essential for the security of the country."

World events
Gustav Husak, the new Czechoslovak Communist party chief, told the nation that the party would not tolerate any resistance to its decisions, and warned against "counterrevolutionary" elements. "I am not afraid of that expression," he said, although observers noted that none of the top leadership had used it since the Soviet invasion the previous August.

Politics
Bernadette Devlin, a 21-year old student protester (and redheaded Irish Commie babe) from Londonderry, won a seat in the British House of Commons. Miss Devlin termed her win a "moral victory" for Ulster's civil rights movement. Her opponent was the widow of a Protestant Unionist, whose death had prompted the by-election.

Disasters
For the second time in five days, a tornado hit East Pakistan. 60 were killed and 5,000 left homeless.

An apartment house fire in Atlantic City, New Jersey killed 4 and injured 24.

Academia
Harvard Corporation, the executive body of Harvard University, endorsed a faculty proposal to downgrade campus military training to an "extracurricular activity." That day protesting students voted at a mass meeting to suspend the student strike for a week.

30 years ago
1979


Law
A ruling by the Supreme Court of the United States allowed plaintiffs in press libel suits to inquire as to a reporter's "state of mind," judgements, and opinions while preparing material for publication.

Disasters
A New York Airways helicopter crashed at Newark International Airport, killing 3 and injuring 12 of the remaining 15 survivors.

Hockey
The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 5-1 at the Montreal Forum to take a 2 games to 0 lead in their Stanley Cup quarter-final playoff series. Canadiens' goalie Ken Dryden lost his shutout when Lanny McDonald scored for the Maple Leafs in the last minute of regulation time. Mike Bossy's goal 2:31 into overtime gave the New York Islanders a 1-0 win in the game and a 2 games to 0 lead in their quarter-final series vs. the Chicago Black Hawks. The game was played at Nassau County Coliseum in Uniondale, New York.

25 years ago
1984


Hockey
Steve Penney recorded his second shutout of the 1984 Stanley Cup playoffs as the Montreal Canadiens beat the Quebec Nordiques 4-0 at Le Colisee in Quebec to take a 3 games to 2 lead in their second-round series. At Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton, the Calgary Flames defeated the Edmonton Oilers 5-4 to reduce the Oilers' lead in their series to 3 games to 2.

20 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Brightwing

10 years ago
1999


Hockey
The Pittsburgh Penguins defeated the New York Rangers 2-1 in overtime at Madison Square Garden in New York to end the National Hockey League regular season, and the playing career of Wayne Gretzky. Mr. Gretzky assisted on the Rangers' goal; it was his 1,963rd career NHL assist and his 2,857th point.

Tuesday, 21 April 2009

April 17, 2009

70 years ago
1939


Boxing
Joe Louis retained his world heavyweight title with a 1-round knockout of Jack Roper in Los Angeles.

40 years ago
1969


Politics
The Czechoslovak Communist party, yielding to Soviet pressure, removed Alexander Dubcek, the leader of Czechoslovakia's liberalizing movement, from power. The party's central committee named Gustav Husak, leader of the Slovak party, to succeed Mr. Dubcek as first secretary.

Crime
A jury found Sirhan Sirhan guilty of first degree murder in the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy the previous June. Mr. Sirhan, a Jordanian immigrant, was also convicted on five counts of assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill five people who stood near Mr. Kennedy.

Economics and finance
It was reported that the gross national product of the United States rose by $16 billion in the first quarter of 1969. The rise reflected almost entirely higher spending by business and consumers--the two sectors supposed to be restrained by higher taxes and tight money.

Defense
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee warned that the United States, by its very military presence in Spain, had assumed a "quasi-commitment" to defend the regime of dictator Francisco Franco, possibly even in a civil war.

Baseball
Just nine days after playing their first regular season game, the Montreal Expos recorded their first no-hitter, as Bill Stoneman accomplished the feat in a 6-0 victory over the Philadelphia Phillies at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. For Mr. Stoneman, it was his first complete game in the major leagues.

30 years ago
1979


Defense
United States Defense Secretary Harold Brown told the Senate that despite the loss of two listening posts in Iran, Soviet compliance with a new Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (SALT) pact could be "adequately" verified within a year.

Labour
United Auto Workers president Douglas Fraser blasted U.S. federal wage guidelines, saying that they did not require equal sacrifices from employers, and suggested that the union not consider them in upcoming contract talks.

Music
The Beach Boys' latest single, Good Timin', was beginning to achieve airplay on radio stations such as CFCN in Calgary. Good Timin' was issued as a single after much public displeasure over Here Comes the Night, a disco version of an old album track that had been issued as the first single from LA: Light Album. Good Timin', written and sung by Brian and Carl Wilson, was a considerable improvement on Here Comes the Night.

Baseball
The Oakland Athletics rallied to defeat the Seattle Mariners 6-5, scoring the winning run in the bottom of the ninth inning. This blogger was able to pick up the Seattle broadcast of the game (I think on KIRO), and all through the game, the broadcast team of Dave Niehaus and Ken Wilson kept remarking about the small size of the crowd. They weren't exaggerating, because attendance was announced as 653.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

The Montreal Canadiens edged the Boston Bruins 3-2 in second-round Stanley Cup playoff action.

10 years ago
1999


Politics
Atal Behari Vajpayee, who had supported India's 1998 entry into the world nuclear club, resigned as that country's Prime Minister after losing a non-confidence vote in parliament 270-269. His party was hurt by its advocacy of India as a predominantly Hindu state.

Hockey
On Hockey Night in Canada, the Montreal Canadiens defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 3-2.

Monday, 20 April 2009

April 16, 2009

80 years ago
1929

Born on this date
Roy Hamilton
. U.S. singer. Mr. Hamilton achieved popularity with his version of You'll Never Walk Alone in 1954, and achieved his biggest hit with Unchained Melody in 1955. Other notable hits included Don't Let Go in 1958 and You Can Have Her in 1961. Mr. Hamilton was one of the first artists to record in stereo; his albums With All My Love (1958) and Soft 'n' Warm (1960) are great examples of early stereo. Mr. Hamilton suffered a stroke shortly after turning 40, and died on July 20, 1969. He's one of this blogger's favourite singers.

70 years ago
1939

Hockey

The Boston Bruins defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 3-1 at Boston Garden to win the Stanley Cup, taking the final series 4 games to 1. It was the first Stanley Cup win for the Bruins in 10 years.

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Pat Novak For Hire, starring Jack Webb, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Go Away, Dixie Gillian

Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Duet and Death

Hockey
The Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the Detroit Red Wings 3-1 at maple Leaf Gardens for a 4-game sweep of the finals, and their third straight Stanley Cup. Ted Lindsay scored the Production Line's first goal of the series to give Detroit a 1-0 lead, but Toronto goalie Turk Broda held the fort until Ray Timgren, Cal Gardner, and Max Bentley scored for the Maple Leafs. The Maple Leafs became the first team to win three straight Stanley Cups since the Ottawa Silver Seven in 1903-04-05.

50 years ago
1959

Hockey

Boom Boom Geoffrion scored one goal and assisted on two others to lead the Montreal Canadiens to a 3-2 win over the Toronto Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens and a 3 games to 1 lead in the Stanley Cup finals.

40 years ago
1969


War
The United States Defense Department said that the plane shot down the previous day by North Korea, a propeller-driven U.S. Navy 4-engine EC-121 electronic craft with 31 men aboard, had been on a routine reconnaissance track over international waters and "at all times during its mission was far outside any claimed territorial air space of North Korea." There were cries of outrage in the United States, and Rep. L. Mendel Rivers (Democrat--South Carolina) called for a reprisal. Secretary of State William Rogers urged caution, asserting: "The weak can be rash; the powerful must be more restrained."

Environment
The Michigan state agriculture commission voted to ban the sale of the pesticide DDT, which was said to have imperilled life in Lake Michigan.

Science
The possible appointment of Franklin Long as the new director of the National Science Foundation was reported to be blocked by the White House, largely because of his opposition to anti-ballistic missiles. Dr. Long wrote that ABM would generate "strong pressure toward acceleration of the arms race."

30 years ago
1979


World events
Karim Sanjabi, Iran's foreign minister, resigned amid mounting "trials" and executions of former pro-Shah officials. CIA director Admiral Stansfield Turner said in testimony before the United States Senate that the loss of two listening posts in Iran would set the U.S. back five years in her ability to monitor Soviet missile tests and development.

Terrorism
Palestinian terrorists attempting to hijack an El Al airliner at Brussels airport were thwarted by police.

Hockey
The Montreal Canadiens overcame an early 2-0 deficit to defeat the Toronto Maple Leafs 5-2 at the Montreal Forum in the opening game of their Stanley Cup quarter-final playoff series. Mike Bossy scored three goals to lead the New York Islanders to a 6-2 win over the Chicago Black Hawks in the opening game of their quarter-final series at Nassau County Coliseum in Uniondale, New York. At the Spectrum in Philadelphia, Ken Linseman scored 44 seconds into overtime to give the Philadelphia Flyers a 3-2 win over the New York Rangers in the first game of their quarter-final series.

The Calgary Wranglers defeated the Lethbridge Broncos 7-3 to take a 3 games to 2 lead in their Western Hockey League junior playoff series.

25 years ago
1984


Hockey
In second-round Stanley Cup playoff action, the Edmonton Oilers defeated the Calgary Flames 5-3 at Olympic Saddledome in Calgary to take a 3 games to 1 lead, while the Quebec Nordiques defeated the Montreal Canadiens 4-3 in overtime at the Montreal Forum to even their series at 2 games each.

20 years ago
1989

Baseball

The Montreal Expos edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-4 in 11 innings.

10 years ago
1999


Diplomacy
In Ottawa, Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji and Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien announced that China would cut tariffs on some Canadian imports.

Hockey
Wayne Gretzky announced that the New York Rangers' game vs. the Pittsburgh Penguins two days hence would be his last.

April 15, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Danielle Wessel!

100 years ago
1909


Baseball
Red Ames of the New York Giants pitched a no-hitter for 9 innings, but gave up a hit in the 10th and 3 runs in the 13th, losing 3-0 to the Brooklyn Superbas at the Polo Grounds in New York.

60 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Lady or the Tiger, starring Leif Erickson, William Frawley, Peggy Knudsen, and Eve Miller

40 years ago
1969


War
North Korean MiGs shot down an unarmed U.S. reconnaissance plane in the Sea of Japan, 100 miles off the Korean coast.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Richard Nixon revealed further details of his revised budget. The largest item was a $1.23 billion cut stemming from a proposal to hike Social Security benefits only 7% instead of the 10% asked by former President Lyndon Johnson. However, funds to relieve hunger were raised to $1.461 billion, $15 million more than Mr. Johnson's proposal. The Justice Department was granted a net spending increase of $16 million to augment personnel in anti-crime programs, hiking its total request to $730 million.

The British government of Prime Minister Harold Wilson made public the details of its proposed budget, which included a tax increase equal to $816 million U.S. and new moves to hold down the money supply. More than 2/3 of the new taxes were to come from businesses.

Science
American scientists, led by a chemist named Dr. Ghiorso, announced the synthesis of two and probably three forms of the heaviest element yet made by man: number 104 in the periodic table of elements. Soviet scientists had reported synthesizing a fourth form of the element, which had not yet been officially named (eventually it became known as Rutherfordium, after Lord Rutherford), and had also reported finding evidence of the existence of another element, number 114, in ancient stained-glass windows.

Hockey
Red Berenson scored three goals to lead the St. Louis Blues to a 4-0 win over the Los Angeles Kings in Stanley Cup semi-final action at the St. Louis Arena. Rookie Gerry Desjardins was the goalie victimized by Mr. Berenson.

30 years ago
1979


World events
Wall posters in Shanghai demanded human rights and protested the recent arrest of activists there, challenging the previous month's national government directive against such activities.

Disasters
An earthquake in southern Yugoslavia, the strongest ever recorded there, razed 13 villages along the Adriatic coast, killing and injuring hundreds.

Flooding along a 15-mile stretch of the Pearl River inundated Jackson, Mississippi, leaving 15,000 homeless.

Hockey
Czechoslovakia defeated Canada 4-1 in the world championship tournament.

25 years ago
1984


Weather
It was a beautiful day in Edmonton, 77 F.

Hockey
In second-round Stanley Cup playoff action, the Edmonton Oilers took a 2 games to 1 lead over the Calgary Flames with a 3-2 win at Olympic Saddledome in Calgary, while the Montreal Canadiens edged the Quebec Nordiques 2-1 at the Montreal Forum to take a 2 games to 1 lead in their series.

20 years ago
1989


Hockey
The Los Angeles Kings defeated the Edmonton Oilers 6-3 in the seventh game of their first-round playoff series at the Forum in Inglewood, California to end the Oilers' reign as Stanley Cup champions. The Calgary Flames defeated the Vancouver Canucks 4-3 on a hotly-disputed goal in overtime in the seventh game of their series at Olympic Saddledome in Calgary. Mike Vernon's goaltending was the difference for the Flames.

10 years ago
1999


Space
Two teams of astronomers, one at San Francisco State University and the other at Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and the National Center for Atmospheric Research, announced the discovery of evidence of another solar system--the only one known besides our own--in the constellation Andromeda. None of the three large gaseous planets (similar to Jupiter) was seen directly; their presence was inferred from gravitational tugs on their star, Upsilon Andromedae, about 44 light-years away from earth. The largest and most distant from its star is over 4 times as massive as Jupiter and took 4 years to orbit the star.

World events
For the second day in a row, Pakistan tested an intermediate-range ballistic missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead.

Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji continued his visit to Canada, and agreed to buy $100 million of Canadian wheat.

Politics
Abdelaziz Bouteflika was elected President of Algeria with over 70% of the official vote total, the day after six of his rivals had withdrawn from the race, claiming that the election was a fraud. Mr. Bouteflika was the choice of many of the country's military, political, and business establishments. The election occurred against a backdrop of an apparently waning military effort by Islamic fundamentalists to gain power.

Scandal
Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, along with her husband, Asif Ali Zardari, was convicted of corruption. The two judges of the trial in Rawalpindi found that the pair had taken kickbacks from a Swiss company that Ms. Bhutto had chosen to monitor collection of import duties. The two were sentenced to five years in prison and fined the equivalent of $8.6 million U.S. Ms. Bhutto, who was in London at the time, said that she would not return to Pakistan until her appeal was heard.

April 14, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Laura O'Leary!

250 years ago
1759

Died on this date
Georg Frideric Handel, 74
. German-born U.K. composer. Mr. Handel moved to England permanently in 1712. His compositions include Water Music (1713); Messiah (1742); and Royal Fireworks Music (1749).

50 years ago
1959

Hockey

Dick Duff scored at 10:06 of overtime to give the Toronto Maple Leafs a 3-2 win over the Montreal Canadiens at Maple Leaf Gardens, reducing the Canadiens' lead in the Stanley Cup finals to 2 games to 1. The Hockey Night in Canada telecast still exists in the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation archives, and CBC showed the game during the labour dispute of 1994-95. Bill Hewitt called the play, with his father Foster acting as host.

40 years ago
1969


Baseball
Major league baseball came to Canada as the Montreal Expos defeated the defending National League champion St. Louis Cardinals 8-7 at Jarry Park in Montreal. Left fielder Mack Jones hit the first Expos' home run at Jarry Park, and was an instant hero; the left field bleachers became known as "Jonesville." Former Cardinal Larry Jaster was the starting pitcher for the Expos.

Politics
The ninth congress of the Chinese Communist party issued a communique saying that it had adopted a new constitution stipulating that Defense Minister Lin Piao was to eventually succeed Chairman Mao Tse-tung.

Journalism
The United States Army took its first disciplinary action against an editor of one of the antiwar GI underground newspapers. In Georgia the commanding general at Fort Gordon announced the undesirable discharge of Pfc. Dennis Davis, editor of The Last Harass.

Crime
The first mass trial of demonstrators at the previous year's Democratic National Convention ended in Chicago with a verdict of guilty of disorderly conduct for the 13 defendants.

Medicine
A team of scientists headed by Dr. Gerald Edelman at Rockefeller University reported success for the first time in deciphering an antibody--one of the body's primary weapons against disease.

Space
The United States launched Nimbus 3, a replacement for an identical probe that had failed to achieve orbit in 1968. The probe carried seven meteorological research instruments plus a test involving a radioisotope power generator.

Disasters
Two crowded buses crashed head-on in Sao Paulo, Brazil, killing 7 and injuring 26.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.: What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers

Diplomacy
A Chinese delegation flew to Hanoi in an attempt to settle issues that led to the border war with Vietnam.

Crime
A Pennsylvania State House subcommittee charged that "police lawlessness" in Philadelphia sometimes reached "homicidal" levels. The United States Civil Rights Commission set early hearings on police brutality.

Disasters
Flash floods in the southeastern United States claimed 9 lives as river banks overflowed, forcing 5,000 to flee their homes in Alabama and Mississippi.

Hockey
George Ferguson scored 47 seconds into overtime to give the Pittsburgh Penguins a 4-3 win over the Buffalo Sabres at War Memorial Auditorium in Buffalo and a victory in their Stanley Cup preliminary round playoff series by 2 games to 1. It was yet another playoff disappointment for the Sabres, who had yet to return to the finals since losing to the Philadelphia Flyers in six games in 1975. On Hockey Night in Canada, the Philadelphia Flyers defeated the Vancouver Canucks 7-2 in the third and deciding game of their series at The Spectrum in Philadelphia.

The Calgary Wranglers beat the Lethbridge Broncos 4-2 to even their Western Hockey League junior playoff series at 2 games each.

10 years ago
1999


War
Yugoslavia claimed that at least 64 refugees had been killed that day on a roadway by NATO aircraft; NATO confirmed the next day that the civilians had been "mistakenly" killed in the belief that they were part of a military convoy.

Politics
Former Vice-President Dan Quayle announced that he would seek the 2000 Republican nomination for President of the United States. Speaking in his home town of Huntington, Indiana, Mr. Quayle urged a 30% tax cut for all, and stressed his foreign policy experience.

The six rivals of former foreign minister Abdelaziz Bouteflika for the presidency of Algeria pulled out of the contest, claiming the election was a fraud.

World events
Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji visited St. John's, Newfoundland, where the mayor flew the flag of Tibet from city hall.

Pakistan tested an intermediate-range ballistic missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead, three days after India had done the same. In accord with a February agreement, each country told the other in advance of the tests.

The United States criticized Israel's ongoing construction of new settlements on the West Bank.

Scandal
Anwar bin Ibrahim, former deputy prime minister of Malaysia, was convicted on four counts of corruption and was sentenced to six years in prison. Mr. Ibrahim, who had been charged with trying to prevent an investigation into his alleged adultery and sodomy, blamed the verdict on the regime of Prime Minister Daruk Seri bin Mohamad. Mr. Ibrahim's case had attracted international attention, and prompted widespread demonstrations in Malaysia.

Law
Kenneth Starr, the independent counsel investigating the scandals of U.S. President Bill Clinton, advised Congress not to renew the 1978 law that had been the basis of his authority. Testifying before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, Mr. Starr defended his own investigation, but said that the independent counsel act did not give the attorney general enough flexibility in deciding when to appoint an outside counsel to investigate alleged wrongdoing by high-level officials.

Sunday, 19 April 2009

April 13, 2009

70 years ago
1939

Baseball

The New York Yankees defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers 13-5 in a spring training game in Norfolk, Virginia. Yankees' first baseman Lou Gehrig, who had had a poor spring, had 4 hits in 5 at bats, including 2 home runs. They were the last home runs he ever hit.

Hockey
Frank Brimsek recorded the shutout as the Boston Bruins defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 2-0 at Maple Leaf Gardens to take a 3 games to 1 lead in the Stanley Cup finals.

60 years ago
1949

Hockey

Bill Ezinicki, Ted Kennedy, and Gus Mortson scored to give the Toronto Maple Leafs a 3-1 win over the Detroit Red Wings at Maple Leaf Gardens and a 3 games to 0 lead in the Stanley Cup finals. Jack Stewart scored to give Detroit an early lead. Turk Broda outdueled Harry Lumley in goal.

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods

40 years ago
1969


World events
Four Muslims from the Basrah region of Iraq, charged with being spies for the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, were hanged in Baghdad, bringing the number executed as spies since January to 26. Baghdad radio termed the hangings "a victory for the Palestinian cause and Vietnam."

Weather
Melting snow was causing rivers in the midwestern United States to swell to record levels against bolstered dikes, leaving 8,000 people homeless.

Hockey
Mickey Redmond scored 4:55 into overtime to give the Montreal Canadiens a 4-3 win over the Boston Bruins at the Montreal Forum and a 2 games to 0 lead in their Stanley Cup semi-final. It was the second straight overtime win for the Canadiens over the Bruins.

30 years ago
1979


War
Rhodesian commandos raided the headquarters of the Patriotic Front in Lusaka, Zambia in an attempt to kill or kidnap guerrilla leader Joshua Nkomo. 10 were killed in the raid.

World events
In retaliation for South Africa's expulsion of three American embassy officials the previous day, the United States ordered two military attaches to leave Washington.

Hockey
The Calgary Wranglers defeated the Lethbridge Broncos 6-2, reducing the Broncos' lead in their Western Hockey League playoff series to 2 games to 1.

25 years ago
1984

Hockey

In Stanley Cup playoff action, the Calgary Flames evened their second-round series with the Edmonton Oilers at 1 game each with a 6-5 win in overtime at Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton. The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Quebec Nordiques 4-1 at Le Colisee in Quebec to knot their series at 1 game each.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

In Stanley Cup first-round playoff action, the Los Angeles Kings defeated the Edmonton Oilers 4-1, while the Vancouver Canucks defeated the Calgary Flames 6-3.

10 years ago
1999

War

Serbian troops briefly seized an Albanian border post.

April 12, 2009

100 years ago
1909

Baseball

Philadelphia's Shibe Park, the first modern concrete-and-steel ballpark, was dedicated as a record crowd of 31‚160 saw 18-year-old John "Stuffy" McInnis make his major league debut at shortstop for the Athletics. Eddie Plank pitched the A's to an 8-1 win over Boston‚ allowing 6 hits. Athletics' catcher Mike "Doc" Powers had 1 hit in 4 at bats with a run scored, but injured himself going after a foul pop‚ and after the game complained of intestinal pains (other versions have the pain due to a sandwich or twisting himself in an unusual fashion). The 38-year-old was operated on the next day‚ but did not survive the month‚ the first major league death this century caused by an on-field injury.

At Washington‚ the Yankees opened the season under new manager George Stallings‚ losing 4-1 to the Nationals. Washington scored three runs in the first off journeyman Doc Newton to pave the way for Charlie Smith, who allowed just 4 hits and struck out 10.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Marvin Gaye (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In--The 5th Dimension

Calgary's top 10
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In--The 5th Dimension
2 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
3 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
4 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
5 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant
7 Rock Me--Steppenwolf
8 Build Me Up Buttercup--The Foundations
9 Galveston--Glen Campbell
10 Mendocino--Sir Douglas Quintet
Pick hit of the week: Sweet Cherry Wine--Tommy James and the Shondells

War
American wounded in Vietnam for the second week of April soared to 2,691, up from 1,285 the previous week, reflecting the Viet Cong's stepped-up rocket and mortar attacks on U.S. military bases.

Economics and finance
Promising "an end to the era of the chronic budget deficit," U.S. President Richard Nixon outlined federal budget revisions for fiscal 1970 that would bring a surplus of $5.8 billion. Among the changes was a $5.5 billion cut in appropriations requests to $204.6 billion. The Nixon estimates of federal outlays, with a $4 billion reduction--including $1.1 billion in defense cuts and $2.9 billion in domestic outlays--came to $192.9 billion. He projected defense and military outlays at $79.4 billion and non-defense outlays at $113.5 billion. Mr. Nixon said that despite the cuts, domestic spending would rise $6.5 billion for the fiscal year, far exceeding that for "any other year in American history."

World events
At 3 P.M. the government of Czechoslovakia announced--and at 5 P.M. denied--that the U.S.S.R. would send more troops to that country. The Prague radio said only that the earlier broadcast was withdrawn "in view of the changed facts." There was no further explanation.

30 years ago
1979


World events
South African Prime Minister P.W. Botha ordered the expulsion of several American embassy staff members, accusing them of espionage.

Tanzania recognized the new government of Uganda, compiled solely of exiled opponents of dictator Idi Amin.

Hockey
The Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the Atlanta Flames 7-4 at Maple Leaf Gardens to complete a two-game sweep of their preliminary round Stanley Cup playoff series. The Maple Leafs scored three of their goals in a span of 23 seconds, a playoff record. The game marked the end of the playing career of Paul Henderson, who finished as a member of the Flames after playing for the Detroit Red Wings, Toronto Maple Leafs, Toronto Toros, and Birmingham Bulls.
Phil Esposito scored 6:11 into overtime to give the New York Rangers a 2-1 win over the Los Angeles Kings and a two-game sweep of their series.

25 years ago
1984


Hockey
The second round of Stanley Cup playoffs began. The Edmonton Oilers defeated the Calgary Flames 5-2 at Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton. At Le Colisee in Quebec, the Quebec Nordiques defeated the Montreal Canadiens 4-2.

10 years ago
1999


Weather
It was the most beautiful day of the year so far in Edmonton.

Scandal
In Little Rock, Arkansas, United States District Court Judge Susan Webber Wright held President Bill Clinton in civil contempt of court for testifying falsely in a January 1998 deposition. Judge Wright cited two "intentionally false" statements by Mr. Clinton: that he had not had sexual relations with White House intern Monica Lewinsky, and that he did not recall having been alone with her. The deposition was taken in the sexual harassment lawsuit brought against President Clinton by Paula Jones. Judge Wright fined Mr. Clinton $1,202, the cost of her trip to Washington to preside at the deposition, and ruled that he was liable for some of the costs borne by Ms. Jones. Mr. Clinton was the first sitting president ever to be held in contempt of court.

Susan McDougal, a partner of then-Governor of Arkansas Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton in the Whitewater Development Corporation, was found not guilty of obstruction of justice by a federal jury in Little Rock. Independent counsel Kenneth Starr had indicted Mrs. McDougal for refusing to testify about the role of the Clintons in Whitewater and other matters. Mrs. McDougal and her late husband James had been convicted of fraud at an earlier trial. Mrs. McDougal told the jury that she knew of no wrongdoing by Mr. Clinton, and said that she had refused to testify because she believed that Mr. Starr was primarily interested in damaging Mr. Clinton politically. The jury deadlocked on two counts of criminal contempt of court against Mrs. McDougal, and Judge George Howard declared a mistrial on these charges.

War
NATO missiles struck a train on a bridge in Serbia, killing 10 civilians.

April 11, 2009

320 years ago
1689

Britannica

William III and Mary II were crowned joint sovereigns of England at Westminster.

70 years ago
1939


Died on this date
S.S. Van Dine (Willard Wright), 51
. U.S. writer and literary critic. Mr. Wright, a well-known literary critic, adopted his pseudonym when he began to write mystery novels, creating the character of detective Philo Vance in The Benson Murder Case (1926). Mr. Van Dine enjoyed success with the Philo Vance novels for the next decade, and the character became the basis for a popular series of movies, featuring such actors as Basil Rathbone and William Powell. Mr. Van Dine also created another ficitonal detective, the criminologist Dr. Crabtree.

Hockey
The Boston Bruins took a 2 games to 1 lead in the best-of-five Stanley Cup final series with a 3-1 win over the Toronto Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens.

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Mad Miners of Cardiff

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Side Saddle--Russ Conway (2nd week at #1)

Hockey
Claude Provost scored two goals from passes by Doug Harvey as the Montreal Canadiens defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 3-1 at the Montreal Forum to take a 2 games to 0 lead in the Stanley Cup finals.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In--The 5th Dimension
2 Galveston--Glen Campbell
3 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
4 Long Green--The Fireballs
5 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
6 Time of the Season--The Zombies
7 Mendocino--Sir Douglas Quintet
8 Condition Red--The Goodees
9 Brother Love's Travelling Salvation Show--Neil Diamond
10 Hot Smoke and Sasafrass--The Bubble Puppy

Academia
Using "police brutality" as a rallying cry, the student revolt at Harvard University continued when demonstarators called for a three-day strike. Although the faculty had already voted to deny academic credit for Reserve Officers Training Corps courses, a prime demand of the protesters was abolition of ROTC. Also at issue were reform of the university government, and a black studies program.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Molniya 1-11, eleventh in the Soviet international communications satellite network.

Aviation
U.S. President Richard Nixon sharply reduced transpacific airline route awards originally made by his predecessor, Lyndon Johnson. Mr. Nixon cancelled major awards to Continental Airlines, deleted a minor award to Braniff International, allowed Trans World Airlines to flay around the world, and confirmed only part of the route increases for Pan American and Northwest Orient.

30 years ago
1979


War
Kampala fell to Tanzanian and Ugandan exile troops; residents cheered as Ugandan President Idi Amin was reported to be fleeing east with the remnants of his army.

Disasters
U.S. President Jimmy Carter appointed an 11-member panel to determine the causes of the accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania, and to recommend safeguards against future mishaps.

60 died and over 800 were injured as tornadoes swept across northern Texas and southern Oklahoma, devastating four communities.

Hockey
In Western Hockey League junior playoff action, the Lethbridge Broncos defeated the Calgary Wranglers 7-6 in overtime to take a 2 games to 0 lead in their series.

25 years ago
1984


Academia
It was the last day of classes in the winter session at the University of Alberta.

20 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Birthday Boy

Weather
It was the most beautiful day of the year so far in Edmonton.

Hockey
In first-round Stanley Cup playoff action, the Los Angeles Kings defeated the Edmonton Oilers 4-2, while the Boston Bruins defeated the Buffalo Sabres 4-1.

10 years ago
1999


Curling
The McMillan rink, representing Scotland, defeated Jeff Stoughton of Canada 6-5 to win the men's world championship.

Golf
Jose Maria Olazabal won the Masters at Augusta, Georgia.

World events
India tested an intermediate-range ballistic missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead.

War
NATO released aerial photographs of newly turned earth that appeared to indicate mass graves, and there were reports from refugees describing mass executions.

Friday, 17 April 2009

April 10, 2009

75 years ago
1934

Hockey

The Chicago Blackhawks won their first Stanley Cup when Mush March scored at 10:05 of the second overtime period to give the Blackhawks a 1-0 win over the Detroit Red Wings at Chicago Stadium and a 3 games to 1 victory in the final series.

60 years ago
1949

Hockey

The Toronto Maple Leafs took a 2 games to 0 lead in the Stanley Cup finals with a 3-1 win over the Detroit Red Wings at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto. Sid Smith scored all three of the Maple Leafs’ goals.

40 years ago
1969

Academia

Nathan Pusey, president of Harvard University, called in 400 state and local policemen to end the occupation of University Hall by 300 student militants. 197 were arrested and 37 injured in the resulting melee.

Politics
French President Charles de Gaulle, in a 50-minute television address, said that he would resign if the nation rejected his proposals for regional reform and Senate transformation in a referendum to be held later in the month.

World events
United States President Richard Nixon, in an address to the 15 North Atlantic Treaty Organization foreign ministers at a ceremony celebrating the alliance’s 20th anniversary, proposed new machinery for closer consultation within the alliance.

War
Communist negotiators accused the Nixon administration of spreading false rumours of private meetings at the Vietnam War peace talks in Paris.

Hockey
Ralph Backstrom scored 42 seconds into overtime to give the Montreal Canadiens a 3-2 victory over the Boston Bruins in the opening game of their Stanley Cup semi-final series at the Montreal Forum.

30 years ago
1979

Terrorism

A bomb exploded in Tel Aviv, killing 1 and injuring 36. Israeli jets retaliated against two guerrilla bases in Lebanon.

Labour
A tentative settlement was reached in the 10-day strike by 300,000 Teamsters that had idled most of the trucking industry in the United States.

Hockey
The Stanley Cup playoffs began. On the Hockey Night in Canada national telecast, Walt McKechnie scored both goals in the Toronto Maple Leafs’ 2-1 win over the Atlanta Flames at the Omni in Atlanta.

25 years ago
1984

Hockey

Ken Morrow scored in overtime to give the New York Islanders a 3-2 win over the New York Rangers at Nassau County Coliseum in Uniondale, New York, and a victory in the fifth and deciding game of their best-of-five first-round Stanley Cup playoff series. Don Maloney of the Rangers had sent the game into overtime with a goal with just 1:12 remaining in regulation time.