Sunday, 31 March 2013

April 1, 2013

720 years ago
1293


Religion
Robert Winchelsey left England for Rome, to be consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.

140 years ago
1873


Disasters
547 people died when the British steamer RMS Atlantic sank off Nova Scotia.

120 years ago
1893


Defense
The United States Navy established the rank of Chief Petty Officer.

80 years ago
1933


Abominations
Under the leadership of Julius Streicher, Germany's Nazi regime organized a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany, ushering in a series of anti-Semitic acts.

70 years ago
1943


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 2 @ Detroit 6 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)

60 years ago
1953


On the radio
I Was a Communist for the FBI, starring Dana Andrews
Tonight’s episode: The Wrong Green

50 years ago
1963


On television today
The soap opera General Hospital broadcast its first episode on ABC.

40 years ago
1973


Environment
Project Tiger, a tiger conservation project, was launched in India's Corbett National Park.

Disasters
Tornadoes and heavy storms killed eight people and injured several hundred in Georgia and South Carolina.

At least 7 people died and 25 were injured when an explosion demolished a three-storey building in Cincinnati.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Twisting by the Pool--Dire Straits (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Too Shy--Kajagoogoo

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate had declined from 10.2% to 10.1% in March.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): One Tree Hill--U2 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Tell it to My Heart--Taylor Dayne (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jim Jordan, 91
. U.S. actor. Mr. Jordan was the male star of the radio series Fibber McGee and Molly, with Molly being played by Mr. Jordan’s real-life wife Marian. The Jordans began their radio careers on WENR in Chicago in 1927 doing two series: Luke and Mirandy, and The Smith Family. In 1931 they created a series called Smackout for WMAQ in Chicago. All these series were situation comedies in rural settings. Smackout was picked up by the National Broadcasting Company in April 1933 and ran until August 1935. Fibber McGee and Molly, a series developed by Mr. Jordan, began running on NBC on April 16, 1935. It took five years to become a big hit, but it eventually became one of the most popular series on radio, running until mid-1953. Fibber and Molly made appearances in short segments on the NBC series Monitor from 1957-1959 under the title Just Molly and Me. The Jordans were set to renew their contract with NBC when Marian died of cancer in 1961.

World events
The United States sent more Marines into Panama, while the Pentagon rejected a charge by Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega that the U.S. was planning military action against his regime. U.S. officials said the move was intended to demonstrate support for ousted President Eric Delvalle and others who opposed Gen. Noriega.

Diplomacy
A 60-day case-fire between the Sandanista government of Nicaragua and Contra rebels formally took effect.

Scandal
James McKay, the independent counsel investigating U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese on a variety of matters, said that he did not plan to seek an indictment of him, "based on the evidence developed to date."

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate had continued to edge downward to 5.5% in March.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 3 @ Detroit 7
The Red Wings win over the Maple Leafs 7-3 at Joe Louis Arena was the last Maple Leafs’ game to be telecast on the independent Hamilton station CHCH, and the last for Erik Thomas as TV play-by-play broadcaster. Mr. Thomas decided to observe the occasion (which also happened to be April Fools’ Day) by spicing up his call of the game with some voice impressions. His Danny Gallivan impression was so good that it fooled me; I thought Mr. Gallivan had actually taken over the mike for a few minutes. Mr. Thomas’s antics were more entertaining than the game.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Onpa kadulla mittaa--Kolmas Nainen

Died on this date
Alan Kulwicki, 38
. U.S. race car driver. Mr. Kulwicki was a stock car driver who was NASCAR's Rookie of the Year in 1986, and winner of the Winston Cup championship in 1992. He was killed in a plane crash in Tennessee after making a promotional appearance in Knoxville.

Terrorism
The United States indicted four Palestinians on charges of plotting to kill Jews and blow up the Israeli embassy in Washington as part of Abu Nidal's terrorist network.

Television
The U.S. Federal Communications Commission ordered cuts in the prices of cable TV services and ordered cable companies to cancel any increases imposed since Congress had voted to regulate the industry.

10 years ago
2003


War
The U.S. Army's 3rd Infantry Division attacked the Iraqi Republican Guard's Medina Division north of Karbala and within 50 miles of Baghdad, while the U.S. 1st Marine Division attacked the Baghdad division 70 miles southeast of the city. U.S. forces announced the rescue from an Iraqi hospital of injured Army Pfc. Jessica Lynch, one of a group of soldiers from the 50th Maintenance Company who had been ambushed near Nasiriyah on March 22. U.S. officials said that some human remains found when Pfc. Lynch was found were apparently those of soldiers in the same convoy.

Law
Newfoundland and Labrador became the first province in Canada to ban the use of hand-held cellphones while driving.

Politics and government
Following 10 years of negotiations, the government of Canada granted Yukon Territory full control of its natural resources.

Health
Authorities in Hong Kong evacuated 240 residents of a housing complex where 213 people had developed flu-like symptoms resembling those of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). Schools were closed in Hong Kong, where many people were weaing masks.

March 31, 2013

110 years ago
1903


Aviation
Richard Pearse allegedly made a powered flight of 350 yards at Temuka, New Zealand in an aircraft of his own design. Documentary evidence is inconclusive.

100 years ago
1913


Born on this date
Etta Baker
. U.S. musician. Ms. Baker, born Etta Reid in North Carolina, was a blues guitarist, banjoist, and singer who worked with artists such as Taj Mahal and Bob Dylan. She died on September 23, 2006 at the age of 93.

Died on this date
J. P. Morgan, 75
. U.S. banker. Mr. Morgan was the leading financier in the United States in the late 19th-early 20th century. He financed the mergers that created General Electric and United States Steel Corporation, and directed the banking coalition that stopped the Panic of 1907.

80 years ago
1933


Economics and finance
The U.S. administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Civilian Conservation Corps, with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment in the United States.

75 years ago
1938


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Americans 0 @ Chicago 1 (2OT)

Cully Dahlstrom scored at 13:01 of the 2nd overtime period to give the Black Hawks the win over the Americans at Chicago Stadium.

70 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia: I Don't Want to Walk Without You--Kate Smith and Bing Crosby (2nd month at #1)

60 years ago
1953


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Death in the Cave, starring Zachary Scott

Britannica
Queen Mary of Teck, the consort of King George V, was laid to rest at Windsor Castle a week after her death at the age of 85.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Detroit 2 @ Boston 6 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Montreal 1 @ Chicago 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Jack McIntyre and Ed Sandford each scored 2 goals and Sugar Jim Henry outplayed Terry Sawchuk in goal as the Bruins defeated the Red Wings at Boston Garden.

The Black Hawks overcame a 1-0 deficit to defeat the Canadiens at Chicago Stadium. Bill Mosienko got the Black Hawks onto the scoreboard with a goal that Montreal coach Dick Irvin claimed was offside, and Vic Lynn, who hadn't scored a goal in 29 games during the regular season, scored the winning goal.

50 years ago
1963


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Chicago 2 @ Detroit 4 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Gordie Howe celebrated his 35th birthday by scoring a goal and 2 assists to lead the Red Wings over the Black Hawks at Olympia Stadium. The winning goal was scored by Alex Faulkner.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: The Twelfth of Never--Donny Osmond

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 You're So Vain--Carly Simon (4th week at #1)
2 I'd Love You to Want Me--Lobo
3 Crocodile Rock--Elton John
4 Your Mama Don't Dance--The Bootleg Family
5 Separate Ways--Elvis Presley
6 Funny Face--Donna Fargo
7 I Am Woman--Helen Reddy
8 Dueling Banjos--Eric Weissberg and Steve Mandell
9 Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack
10 Dreams are Ten a Penny--Kincade

Singles entering the chart were You Turn Me On, I'm a Radio by Joni Mitchell (#32); Pretty Maid by Tony Marshall (#33); Dreidel by Don McLean (#36); Last Song by Edward Bear (#37); and Solid Gold, Easy Action by T. Rex (#39).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack (5th week at #1)

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Train--O'Jays
2 Neither One of Us (Wants to Be the First to Say Goodbye)--Gladys Knight and the Pips
3 Last Song--Edward Bear
4 Also Sprach Zarathustra (2001)--Deodato
5 The Cover of "Rolling Stone"--Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show
6 Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack
7 Ain't No Woman (Like the One I've Got)--Four Tops
8 Danny's Song--Anne Murray
9 Sing--Carpenters
10 Call Me (Come Back Home)--Al Green

Singles entering the chart were Pillow Talk by Sylvia (#73); Hearts of Stone by the Blue Ridge Rangers (#78); Drinking Wine Spo-Dee O'Dee by Jerry Lee Lewis (#85); Give it to Me by the J. Geils Band (#87); Back When My Hair was Short by Gunhill Road (#88); It's Hard to Stop (Doing Something When it's Good to You) by Betty Wright (#94); If We Try by Don McLean (#96); Friend and a Lover by the Partridge Family (#98); Friends or Lovers by Act I (#99); and I'm a Stranger Here by Five Man Electrical Band (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack
2 Dueling Banjos--Eric Weissberg and Steve Mandell
3 Danny's Song--Anne Murray
4 The Cover of "Rolling Stone"--Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show
5 Also Sprach Zarathustra (2001)--Deodato
6 Dancing in the Moonlight--King Harvest
7 Daddy's Home--Jermaine Jackson
8 Do it Again--Steely Dan
9 Control of Me--Les Emmerson
10 Crocodile Rock--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were The Right Thing to Do by Carly Simon (#77); Close Your Eyes by Edward Bear (#90); Shadow by R. Dean Taylor (#92); Orbit by Thundermug (#95); Broken Guitar Blues by Lighthouse (#97); Here it Comes Again by Gary and Dave (#98); and You are the Sunshine of My Life by Stevie Wonder (#99).

Calgary’s top 10
1 Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack (5th week at #1)
2 Dueling Banjos--Eric Weissberg and Steve Mandell
3 Little Willy--The Sweet
4 You Don't Know What Love Is--Susan Jacks
5 The Night the Lights Went Out in Georgia--Vicki Lawrence
6 Do You Want to Dance--Bette Midler
7 Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando
8 Oh My Lady--Stampeders
9 Dead Skunk--Loudon Wainwright III
10 Daddy's Home--Jermaine Jackson
Pick hit of the week: Wildflower--Skylark

Boxing
Ken Norton (30-1) broke Muhammad Ali's jaw and won a 12-round split decision over the former world heavyweight champion (41-2) at San Diego Sports Arena to capture the North American Boxing Federation heavyweight title.

Hockey
NHL
Boston 3 @ Toronto 7

In their last appearance of the 1972-73 season on Hockey Night in Canada, the Maple Leafs were so impressive in their win over the Bruins at Maple Leaf Gardens that they even scored a goal directly off a face-off when CBC was still in a commercial break.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference Semi-Finals
New York 95 Baltimore 83 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Western Conference Semi-Finals
Milwaukee 110 Golden State 90 (Milwaukee led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Chicago 104 @ Los Angeles 107 (OT) (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 1-0)

ABA
Eastern Division Semi-Finals
New York 114 Carolina 111 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Western Division Semi-Finals
Indiana 114 Denver 91 (Indiana led best-of-seven series 1-0)

30 years ago
1983


Disasters
An earthquake in southern Colombia killed at least 250 people.

World events
Three Soviet citizens were expelled from Britain and accused of espionage.

Politics and government
37 members of the United States House of Representatives wrote to President Ronald Reagan expressing concern about possible violations of the Boland Amendment, a law passed in 1982 forbidding the use of U.S. defense funds to help overthrow the Sandanista government of Nicaragua.



Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
William McMahon, 80
. Prime Minister of Australia, 1971-1972. Mr. McMahon, a Liberal, was a member of parliament from 1949-1982. He became Prime Minister on March 10, 1971 when John Gorton resigned. Mr. McMahon's government was defeated by the Labour Party in the general election of December 2, 1972.

Diplomacy
The United States Senate approved $47.9 million in humanitarian aid for the Contras in Nicaragua and for children injured in the war between the Contras and the Sandanistas

Politics and government
15-year school board member Dianne Cunningham won an Ontario provincial by-election in the riding of London North. Ms. Cunningham’s win gave the Progressive Conservatives 20 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, far behind the governing Liberals and opposition New Democrats. London North was held by Ron Van Horne of the Liberals from 1977-1987; Mr. Van Horne was named to the cabinet of Premier David Peterson as minister in charge of seniors’ services when the Liberals came to power in 1985, and had easily retained his seat in the election of September 10, 1987. However, Premier Peterson dropped him from cabinet, and Mr. Van Horne resigned his seat effective December 31, 1987. Of the seven candidates in the by-election, five (including those of all three major parties) were women.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): No Limit--2 Unlimited (6th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Little Women

Died on this date
Mitchell Parish, 92
. Lithuanian-born U.S. lyricist. Mr. Parish, born Michael Pashelinsky, emigrated to the United States with his family as an infant. He wrote lyrics to such songs as Stardust; Stars Fell on Alabama; Deep Purple; Sweet Lorraine; and Volare.

Brandon Lee, 28. U.S. actor. Mr. Lee, the son of martial artist and actor Bruce Lee, also became a martial artist, and was on the verge of movie stardom. He landed the starring role in The Crow (1994); with just eight days of filming remaining, Mr. Lee was killed in a shooting accident while filming a scene. Oddly, Bruce Lee had died (of a cerebral edema) at the young age of 32 in 1973.

Diplomacy
Former U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance announced his intention to resign as United Nations mediator in the Balkans.

Hockey
NHL
The National Hockey League announced a realignment of teams and divisions, and adopted a playoff format in which teams in each conference were seeded from first place through eighth.

Saturday, 30 March 2013

March 30, 2013

175 years ago
1838


Politics and government
John Lambton, Lord Durham was appointed Goevernor-in-Chief of Lower Canada and Governor General of British North America, with his term to begin May 29.

150 years ago
1863


World events
The Greek National Assembly voted in favour of Prince Wilhelm Georg of Denmark to become King George I of the Hellenes. The vacancy in the throne had been created by the overthrow of Bavarian-born King Otto in October 1862.

Born on this date
Mary Calkins
. U.S. philosopher and psychologist. Ms. Calkins conducted research into dreams and into the concept of the self. Her books included The Persistent Problems of Philosophy (1907) and The Good Man and The Good (1918). Ms. Calkins became president of the American Psychological Association in 1905--the first woman to hold the position--and was named president of the American Philosophical Association in 1918. She died on February 26, 1930 at the age of 66.

100 years ago
1913


Born on this date
Richard Helms. U.S. spymaster and diplomat. Mr. Helms was Director of Central Intelligence from 1965-1973 under Presidents Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon, and then served as U.S. Ambassador to Iran from 1973-1977. During his confirmation hearings after being appointed to his ambassadorial post, he made statements about CIA involvement in Chile which were revealed two years later to be false. Mr. Helms was convicted in 1977 of misleading Congress, receiving a suspended sentence and a $2,000 fine. He died on October 22, 2002 at the age of 89.

Frankie Laine. U.S. singer. Mr. Laine, born Francesco LoVecchio, was one of the most popular singers in the U.S.A. and U.K. from 1947-1957. His hit singles included That's My Desire (1947); On the Sunny Side of the Street (1947); That Lucky Old Sun (1949); Mule Train (1949); Swamp Girl (1950); The Cry of the Wild Goose (1950); Jezebel (1951); High Noon (1952); I Believe (1953); and Moonlight Gambler (1956). Mr. Laine was also known for singing theme songs of western movies such as 3:10 to Yuma (1957); Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957); and Blazing Saddles (1974), and the television series Rawhide (1959). He died on February 6, 2007 at the age of 93.

Censu Tabone. 4th President of Malta, 1989-1994. Dr. Tabone was an ophthalmologist who led campaigns that virtually eradicated the disease of trachoma from the island of Gozo, and Taiwan, Indonesia, and Iraq. He entered politics with the Nationalist Party in 1961, and was a member of parliament from 1966-1989 before succeeding acting President Paul Xuereb. Mr. Tabone was succeeded as President by Ugo Mifsud Bonnici. Mr. Tabone died on March 14, 2012 at the age of 98.

80 years ago
1933


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 2 @ Toronto 1 (OT) (Boston led best-of-five series 2-1)

Eddie Shore scored 4:23 into overtime to give the Bruins the win over the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens. Tiny Thompson won the goaltending duel over Lorne Chabot.

75 years ago
1938


Disasters
Five coal miners were killed and five injured in a gas explosion and fire in the Hinton Collieries at Hinton, Alberta.

70 years ago
1943


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Montreal 4 @ Boston 5 (OT) (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Detroit 3 @ Toronto 2 (OT) (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Ab DeMarco scored 3:41 into overtime to give the Bruins their win over the Canadiens at Boston Garden.

Adam Brown scored 9:21 into overtime to give the Red Wings their win over the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens.

50 years ago
1963


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hey Paula--Paul and Paula (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Tous les Garçons et les Filles--Françoise Hardy (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Come te non c'è nessuno--Rita Pavone (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Junge, komm bald wieder--Freddy Quinn (13th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Foot Tapper--The Shadows

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): He's So Fine--The Chiffons

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 He's So Fine--The Chiffons
2 The End of the World--Skeeter Davis
3 Our Day Will Come--Ruby and the Romantics
4 Walk Like a Man--The 4 Seasons
5 Rhythm of the Rain--The Cascades
6 South Street--The Orlons
7 You're the Reason I'm Living--Bobby Darin
8 Blame it on the Bossa Nova--Eydie Gorme
9 Ruby Baby--Dion
10 Our Winter Love--Bill Pursell

Singles entering the chart were Surfin' U.S.A. by the Beach Boys (#70); Foolish Little Girl by the Shirelles (#71); Tom Cat by the Rooftop Singers (#73); Charms by Bobby Vee (#76); Gone with the Wind by the Duprees (#80); (Today I Met) The Boy I'm Gonna Marry by Darlene Love (#94); Ask Me by Maxine Brown (#95); Here I Stand by the Rip Chords (#96); Heart by Kenny Chandler (#97); That's How Heartaches are Made by Baby Washington (#99); This Empty Place by Dionne Warwick (#100); Memory Lane by the Hippies (also #100); and Eternally by the Chantels (also #100).

Died on this date
Aleksandr Gauk, 69
. Russian conductor and composer. Mr. Gauk was musical director of the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra from 1930-1934 and was the first musical director of what became the U.S.S.R. State Symphony Orchestra from 1936-1941. He wrote a symphony, chamber works, and works for piano.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 2 @ Montreal 0 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Eddie Shack and Bob Pulford scored goals and Johnny Bower won the goaltending duel over Jacques Plante as the Maple Leafs blanked the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum.

WHL
Edmonton 4 @ Calgary 1

The Flyers' win over the Stampeders at the Corral was the last regular season game ever for both teams, and the last game ever for the Stampeders, who were soon to suspend operations after 12 years in the league as the farm team of the Chicago Black Hawks.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Block Buster--The Sweet (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Block Buster--The Sweet (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 70
. U.K. aviator and politician. The Duke of Hamilton was elected as a candidate for the Unionist Party to the House of Commons in 1930, representing the English riding of East Renfrewshire until 1940. In 1933 he was chief pilot of the first flight over Mount Everest, flying a Westland PV-3 biplane.

Politics and government
Dissident Protestant factions in Northern Ireland opposed to the U.K. government's White Paper Northern Ireland Constitutional Proposals, which called for an 80-seat assembly giving fair representation to Northern Ireland's 500,000 Roman Catholics as well as her 1 million Protestants, broke away from the Unionist political party and formed the Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party.

Economics and finance
The New Democratic Party government of Manitoba under Premier Ed Schreyer began an experiment in offering a guaranteed annual income, with the government of Canada covering 75% of the cost.

30 years ago
1983


Diplomacy
United States President Ronald Reagan offered to reduce the number of intermediate-range missiles planned for deployment in Europe if the Soviet Union reduced its missiles in Europe and Asia.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Allt som jag känner--Tone Norum and Tommy Nilsson (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Edgar Faure, 79
. Prime Minister of France, 1952; 1955-1956. Mr. Faure, a member of the Radical party, was Prime Minister of France from January 20-March 8, 1952 and February 23, 1955-February 1, 1956, when no party was able to gain a majority in parliament.

Protest
On Land Day, the day that Palestinians in the occupied territories observed the anniversary of the 1976 deaths of six Arabs who were protesting Israel's seizure of land, four Arabs were shot to death and scores were wounded by Israeli soldiers, bringing the numbe of Palestinians killed since December 1987 to at least 112.

Defense
The United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted 17-2 to endorse a treaty with the Soviet Union on intermediate-range nuclear forces, two days after the Senate Armed Services Committee had approved the deal. The Foreign Relations Committee’s approval came with a condition requiring that any interpretation of the treaty would be in accord with an understanding of its meaning shared by both the executive branch and the Senate at the time of Senate ratification. Also, the President could not adopt an interpretation different from the common understanding without Senate approval. Many senators had criticized the broad interpretation applied by the Reagan administration to the 1972 SALT treaty, which established a basis for proceeding with Strategic Defense Initiative.

20 years ago
1993


World events
A military court in Sarajevo sentenced two Serbian men to death by firing squad for genocide against Muslims.

10 years ago
2003


War
U.S. Marines and Army troops launched the first attack on Iraq's republican Guard forces, about 65 miles outside Baghdad. An Iraqi spokesman said that 4,000 volunteers from 23 countries were ready to carry out suicide attacks. U.S. and U.K. officials complained that Iraqi forces were resorting to tactics that violated military codes of conduct, such as disguising themselves in civilian clothes, fighting after pretending to surrender, forcing civilians to act as human shields, and threatening civilians with death in order to prevent them from welcoming or cooperating with U.S. and U.K. invading forces.

Thursday, 28 March 2013

March 29, 2013

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Alexandra Duenas Mejia!

375 years ago
1638


Americana
Swedish colonists established the first European settlement in Delaware, naming it New Sweden.

330 years ago
1683


Died on this date
Yaoya Oshichi, 16
. Japanese criminal. Miss Oshichi met a temple page named Ikuta Shōnosuke during a fire in December 1682, and fell in love with him. Thinking she might meet him again if another fire occurred, she attempted arson, and was arrested an burned at the stake in Suzugamori.

225 years ago
1788


Died on this date
Charles Wesley, 80
. U.K. clergyman and hymnist. Mr. Wesley, the younger brother of Methodist founder John Wesley, was an Anglican minister who wrote the lyrics for over 6,000 hymns, including Hark! The Herald Angels Sing; O for a Thousand Tongues to Sing; and Christ the Lord is Risen Today.

130 years ago
1883

Religion

The first Junior Christian Endeavor Society was organized, "to promote an earnest Christian life among its members, to increase their mutual acquaintance, to train them for work in the church, and in every way to make them useful in the service of God and their fellow men."

125 years ago
1888


Died on this date
Charles-Valentin Alkan, 74
. French pianist and composer. Mr. Alkan was a child prodigu who began performing in public at age 7 and began composing at 14. His compositions included Symphony for Solo Piano; Concerto for Solo Piano; and the Grande sonate Les quatre âges. It was long believed that he had been killed when his bookcase had fallen on him, but that has recently been debunked.

80 years ago
1933


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: A Scandal in Bohemia

75 years ago
1938


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 3 @ Boston 2 (OT) (Toronto won best-of-five series 3-0)

Gord Drillon scored 10:04 into overtime to give the Maple Leafs the win over the Bruins at Boston Garden.

60 years ago
1953


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Detroit 1 @ Boston 2 (OT) (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Montreal 1 @ Chicago 2 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Jack McIntyre scored 12:29 into overtime to give the Bruins the win over the Red Wings at Boston Garden.

Al Dewsbury scored 5:18 into overtime to give the Black Hawks the win over the Canadiens at Chicago Stadium.

50 years ago
1963


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): From a Jack to a King--Ned Miller (4th week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 He's So Fine--The Chiffons (2nd week at #1)
2 One Broken Heart for Sale--Elvis Presley
3 Mecca--Gene Pitney
4 Rhythm of the Rain--The Cascades
5 Still--Bill Anderson
6 Pipeline--Chantays
7 Can't Get Used to Losing You--Andy Williams
8 I Will Follow Him--Little Peggy March
9 Tears of Misery--Pat Hervey
10 Surfin' U.S.A.--Beach Boys

Died on this date
Gaspard Fauteux, 64
. Canadian politician. Mr. Fauteux, a Liberal, was a member of Quebec's National Assembly from 1931-1935. He represented the Montreal riding of St. Mary in the House of Commons from 1942-1950, and was the Speaker of the House from 1945-1949. Mr. Fauteux served as Quebec's Lieutenant-Governor from 1950-1958.

Space
The mission of the Soviet satellite Cosmos 13, launched eight days earlier, ended.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Get Down--Gilbert O'Sullivan

War
The last American troops left South Vietnam, and North Vietnam released the last 67 prisoners of war, bringing the total of POWs released to 587. General Frederick Weyand, the last commander of U.S. forces in the Vietnam War, said in a speech at ceremonies at Tan Son Nhut air base in Saigaon, "Our mission has been accomplished. I depart with a strong feeling of pride in what we have achieved, and in what our achivement represents." 8,500 U.S. civilians remained in South Vietnam, most of them technicians helping the South Vietnamese armed forces. Meanwhile, the United States ended Operation Barrel Roll, a covert bombing campaign in Laos to prevent Communist infiltration of South Vietnam.

Scandal
James McCord, recently convicted for his role in the June 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate office complex in Washington, testified before Congress in secret hearings that his fellow conspirators had given the impression that they had cleared the operation with high officials in the administration of President Richard Nixon.

Diplomacy
Mexican President Luis Echeverría arrived in Ottawa to begin a three-day visit to Canada.

Crime
A New York State Supreme Court jury convicted H. Rap Brown, former leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, and three co-defendants guilty of armed robbery and assault with a deadly weapon in the October 16, 1971 holdup of a bar in New York City. After three days of deliberation, the jury deadlocked on the charge of attempted murder of three policemen in the running gun battle that followed the robbery.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Richard Nixon announced that the U.S. government was imposing ceilings on wholesale and retail prices for beef, pork, and lamb for an indefinite period. Saying that the struggle against inflation included his budgetary battles with Congress, Mr. Nixon appealed to the public to support his vetoes of spending bills.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Young Guns (Go for It)--Wham! (2nd week at #1)

25 years ago
1988


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: My Father's Office

Died on this date
Maurice Blackburn, 73
. Canadian composer. Mr. Blackburn worked with the National Film Board of Canada. He and animator Norman McLaren invented the technique of etching sound and image directly onto film.

Ted Kluszewski, 63. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Kluszewski was a first baseman with the Cincinnati Reds/Redlegs from 1947-1957; Pittsburgh Pirates (1958-1959); Chicago White Sox (1959-1960); and Los Angeles Angels (1961), batting .298 with 279 home runs and 1.028 runs batted in in 1,718 games. "Big Klu" was famous for cutting the sleeves off his jerseys in order not to restrict his massive biceps. His best season was 1954, when he hit .326 and led the National League with 49 home runs and 141 RBIs. He drew only 492 bases on balls in his career, but struck out only 365 times. In his only World Series, Mr. Kluszewski batted .391 with 3 homers and 10 RBIs for the White So as they lost to the Los Angeles Dodgers in 6 games in 1959. He also led NL first basemen in fielding percentage for five straight seasons (1951-1955). Mr. Kluszewski was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 1962 and had his jersey #18 retired by the team in 1998. He was a batting coach with the Reds during their World Series championship years of 1975 and 1976, and owned a downtown steak house that was a local landmark in Cincinnati.

Politics and government
In the contest for the U.S. presidential nominations, Michael Dukakis won the Democratic primary in Connecticut, while Vice President George Bush won the Connecticut Republican primary. Senator Bob Dole dropped out of the race for the Republican nomination, leaving only Pat Robertson to challenge Mr. Bush.

World events
Two Israeli soldiers who had buried four Arab youths alive were sentenced to prison terms.

Scandal
U.S. Deputy Attorney General Arnold Burns and William Weld, head of the U.S. Justice Deaprtment's criminal division, resigned, apparently in displeasure with the legal and ethical controversies surrounding Attorney General Edwin Meese. The two had reportedly informed White House Chief of Staff Howard Baker that prolonged investigations of Mr. Meese had paralyzed the department and undermined its credibility.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.9% in February.

20 years ago
1993


Politics and government
The Russian Congress of People's Deputies agreed to President Boris Yeltsin's call for a national vote of confidence on his leadership, but accepted it with conditions that threatened an indecisive result.

Catherine Callbeck led her Liberals to a 31-seat landslide in the Prince Edward Island provincial election, becoming the first female premier in Canada to win an election. Progressive Conservative leader Pat Mella won the only opposition seat in the legislature.

Society
Major league baseball owners announced new initiatives, to be enforced by sanctions, to increase hiring of members of minority groups.

10 years ago
2003


War
An Iraqi suicide bomber killed four U.S. soldiers from the 3rd Infantry Division near Najaf. Iraqi officials praised the attack and promised more.

Wednesday, 27 March 2013

March 28, 2013

1,820 years ago
193


Died on this date
Pertinax, 66
. Roman Emperor, January 1-March 28, 193. Publius Helvius Pertinax the first of five emperors in 193, was assassinated in his palace by a mob of 300 Praetorian Guards. He was succeeded by Didius Julianus.

400 years ago
1613


Born on this date
Xiaozhuangwen
. Empress Consort of China, 1636-1643; Empress Dowager, 1643-1662; Grand Empress Dowager, 1662-1688. Xiaozhuangwen was a concubine of Emperor Hong Taiji of the Qing Dynasty and the mother of the Shunzhi Emperor. She died on January 27, 1688 at the age of 74.

170 years ago
1843


Politics and government
John A. Macdonald was elected as an alderman in Kingston.

100 years ago
1913


Diplomacy
Guatemala became a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

80 years ago
1933


Crime
The Imperial Airways biplane City of Liverpool was believed to be the first airplane lost to sabotage when a passenger set a fire on board.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 1 @ Boston 0 (OT) (Best-of-five sereis tied 1-1)

Busher Jackson scored the only goal at 15:03 of overtime to give the Maple Leafs the win over the Bruins at Boston Garden. Lorne Chabot earned the shutout to win the goaltending duel over Tiny Thompson.

70 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Sergei Rachmaninoff, 69
. Russian composer and pianist. Mr. Rachmaninoff was one of the greatest composers of the late Romantic era and early 20th century. Works of his such as Prelude in C Sharp Minor (1892); Piano Concerto No. 2 (1901); Symphony No. 2 (1908); and Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini (1934) are among the most popular and most-performed in the classical repertoire. He died four days before his 70th birthday.

60 years ago
1953


Hit Parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Went to Your Wedding--Patti Page; Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Doggie in the Window--Patti Page (Best seller--2nd week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Doggie in the Window--Patti Page (2nd week at #1)
2 Till I Waltz Again with You--Teresa Brewer
3 Tell Me You're Mine--The Gaylords
4 Wild Horses--Perry Como
5 I Believe--Frankie Laine
6 Don't Let the Stars Get in Your Eyes--Perry Como
7 Your Cheatin' Heart--Joni James
8 Tell Me a Story--Jimmy Boyd and Frankie Laine
9 Gomen-Nasai (Forgive Me)--Columbia Tokyo Orchestra
10 Pretend--Nat "King" Cole

Singles entering the chart were Can't I by Nat "King" Cole with Billy May and his Orchestra (#20)/Blue Gardenia by Nat "King" Cole (#43); Anna by Silvana Mangano (#28); If I were King by the Hilltoppers (#35); and Swedish Rhapsody (Midsummer Vigil) (#40)/The Song from Moulin Rouge (Where is Your Heart) (#41) by Percy Faith and his Orchestra. Blue Gardenia was from the movie The Blue Gardenia (1953); The Song from Moulin Rouge (Where is Your Heart) was from the movie Mr. Thorpe, whose ancestry was a combination of Native American and European, was the greatest athlete of the 20th century, if not ever. He won the gold medal in both pentathlon and decathlon at the 1912 Summer Olympic Games in Stockholm, and was praised by King Gustav V of Sweden as the world's greatest athlete. His medals were taken away because it was discovered that he had briefly played professional baseball several years earlier, but the medals were reinstated and commemorative medals were presented to two of his children 70 years later. Mr. Thorpe played major league baseball with the New York Giants, but his favourite sport was football. He achieved stardom with Carlisle Indian Industrial School, and starred with seven different NFL teams in the 1920s. Mr. Thorpe briefly served as the first president of the American Professional Football Association in 1922, shortly before the league changed its name to the National Football League. He's a member of the College Football Hall of Fame, and was inducted as a charter member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1963. A fictionalized account of his feats, Jim Thorpe--All-American, was a popular movie in 1951, starring Burt Lancaster. Mr. Thorpe himself appeared in several movies, including White Heat (1949), where he was one of the prisoners whispering information about Cody Jarrett's mother in the prison cafeteria.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 5 @ Detroit 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Chicago 3 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Sugar Jim Henry made 43 saves as the Bruins upset the Red Wings at Olympia Stadium.

Dickie Moore, Bernie Geoffrion, and Dick Gamble scored consecutive goals for the Canadiens in the 2nd period as they overcame a 3-1 deficit to defeat the Black Hawks at the Montreal Forum. Floyd Curry scored the first Montreal goal.

50 years ago
1963


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Foot Tapper--The Shadows

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Detroit 2 @ Chicago 5 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Montreal 2 @ Toronto 3 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Bobby Hull of the Black Hawks suffered a broken bone beneath his right eye and his nose was cut for 10 stitches when he was clipped by the stick of Bruce MacGregor of the Red Wings at Chicago Stadium.

Toronto coach Punch Imlach benched Frank Mahovlich in the 2nd period and went with two lines, and the move paid off as the Maple Leafs edged the Canadiens at Maple Leaf Gardens.

40 years ago
1973


War
U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson said that President Richad Nixon had clear constitutional authority to bomb in Cambodia to clear up the "lingering corner of the war" against North Vietnam. U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield (Democrat--Montana) took issue with Mr. Richardson's statement, saying that such authority would end with the March 29 pullout of the last U.S. troops from Vietnam. Mr. Richardson had not specified what part of the Constitution gave the President his authority to continue bombing.

Scandal
According to sources in the United States Congress, James McCord, recently convicted for his role in the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate office complex in Washington, said in secret hearings that former Attorney General John Mitchell had advance knowledge of the burglary attempt.

Disasters
The Norwegian freighter Anita, carrying a crew of 32, was reported missing off the coast of New Jersey, just six days after the Norwegian freighter Norse Variant had sunk 150 miles off Cape May, N.J., with the loss of 29 of 30 crewmen.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Up Where We Belong--Joe Cocker and Jennifer Warnes

Diplomacy
Greek Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou arrived in Ottawa to begin a state visit to Canada.

Politics and government
U.K. Energy Secretary Nigel Dawson named Ian Macgregor, head of British Steel Corporation, as the new chairman of the National Coal Board.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): I Should Be So Lucky--Kylie Minogue (3rd week at #1)

World events
Panamanian troops and plainclothes police entered a hotel in Panama City and seized suspected opponents of the regime of President Manuel Noriega, as well as some foreign journalists. Most of those arrested were soon released.

The Israeli army said it would seal off the occupied territories for three days to frustrate Palestinian demonstrations planned for Land Day, the anniversary of the deaths of six Arabs killed in 1976 when they had protested the seizure of land by the Israeli government.

Diplomacy
The government of Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega began negotiations with the opposition Contras, as the United States began withdrawing troops from neighbouring Honduras.

Defense
The United States Senate Armed Services Committee voted 18-2 to endorse a treaty with the Soviet Union on intermediate-range nuclear forces.

Politics and government
Representative Dick Gephardt of Missouri suspended active campaigning for the 1988 Democratic party nomination for President of the United States.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): All That She Wants--Ace of Base

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): No Limit--2 Unlimited (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Young at Heart--The Bluebells

Terrorism
Five men were in custody and another was sought in connection with the February 26 bomb explosion at the World Trade Center in New York, which had injured hundreds of people. One major suspect, an Egyptian-born taxi driver, was returned to New York after capture in Cairo. A letter to The New York Times ascribed the bombing to deep resentment against U.S. policy in the Middle East.

World events
A food convoy reached the Bosnian town of Srebrenica, relieving the threat of starvation for thousands, virtually all of them Muslims.

10 years ago
2003


Died on this date
Rusty Draper, 80
. U.S. singer. Mr. Draper was a country singer who was able to cross over into the pop charts in the 1950s. His biggest hit singles were Gambler's Guitar (1953--#6 Billboard country, #6 pop); The Shifting, Whispering Sands (1955--#3 country, #3 pop); and Freight Train (1957--#3 country, #6 pop).

War
Iraqi Kurds and U.S. special forces wrested a number of villages from the control of the militantly Islamic group Ansar al-Islam, which was reportedly linked to al-Qaeda. In a friendly fire incident, two A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft from the United States Idaho Air National Guard's 190th Fighter Squadron attacked British tanks, killing U.K. soldier Matty Hull. A blast in a Baghdad market killed more than 50 civilians, according to claims by Iraqi officials. Coalition forces stated that they did not target civilians and that they were largely successful in minimizing civilian casualties through precision bombing.

March 27, 2013

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Nyambura!

400 years ago
1613


Canadiana
The wife of Nicholas Guy gave birth in Cuper's Cove to the first English child born in Newfoundland.

200 years ago
1813


Born on this date
Nathaniel Currier
. U.S. lithographer. Mr. Currier, with his partner James Ives, headed Currier & Ives, the most prominent lithographic printing firm in the United States in the mid-19th century. Mr. Currier died on November 20, 1888 at the age of 75.

130 years ago
1883


Canadiana
Pile-O'-Bones, later renamed Regina, was named capital of the Northwest Territories, which then included all of what is now Alberta and Saskatchewan, and most of Manitoba.

100 years ago
1913


Born on this date
Theodor Dannecker
. German SS officer. Hauptsturmführer (Captain) Dannecker oversaw the roundup and deportation of Jews from Paris to the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz, and was the highest German official in charge of the deportation of Jews from the Bulgarian-held territories of Greece and Yugoslavia to Auschwitz and Treblinka. He committed suicide on December 10, 1945 at the age of 32, several days after being arrested by the United States Army.

Edmontonia
400 members of the Al Azhar Temple of the Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine arrived from Calgary for a Shriners' reception.

Journalism
The French language newspaper Le Droit was founded in Ottawa.

75 years ago
1938


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-finals
New York Americans 3 New York Rangers 2 (4OT) (Americans won best-of-three series 2-1)

Lorne Carr scored 40 seconds into the 4th overtime period to give the Americans the win over the Rangers at Madison Square Garden.

70 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I've Heard That Song Before--Harry James and his Music Makers (4th week at #1)

War
The Battle of the Komandorski Islands began in the Aleutian Islands when United States Navy forces intercepted Japanese forces attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.

60 years ago
1953


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): She Wears Red Feathers--Guy Mitchell (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Tales of Tomorrow, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Ghost Writer, starring Leslie Nielsen, Gaby Rodgers, and Murray Matheson

50 years ago
1963


Music
The Beach Boys' album Surfin' USA was released by Capitol Records.

Transportation
Richard Beeching, chairman of the British Transport Commission, issued a report calling for closure of 2,000 railway stations and the elimination of 250 routes in order to improve the financial situation of British Rail.

40 years ago
1973


War
White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler stated that U.S. bombing of Cambodia would continue until Communist forces stopped their military operations and agreed to a cease-fire. Mr. Ziegler stressed that the bombing was proceeding at the request of Cambodian President Lon Nol.

30 years ago
1983


Football
USFL
Chicago 20 Los Angeles 14

Defense
Soviet leader Yuri Andropov criticized U.S. President Ronald Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative, and said that any attempt to achieve military superiority over the Soviet Union would be futile.

25 years ago
1988


World events
The Sandanista government of Nicaragua freed 100 prisoners as part of a truce agreed to with the opposition Contras four days earlier.

Three days after being convicted of espionage, transmission of information, and aiding the nation's enemies, Mordechai Vanunu was sentenced by an Israeli court to 18 years in prison.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Cat's in the Cradle--Ugly Kid Joe

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La Solitudine--Laura Pausini (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Feel You--Depeche Mode (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): No Limit--2 Unlimited (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Alison--Jordy

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Informer--Snow (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Informer--Snow
2 Nothin' But a "G" Thang--Dr. Dre
3 I'm Every Woman--Whitney Houston
4 Ordinary World--Duran Duran
5 Bed of Roses--Bon Jovi
6 Don't Walk Away--Jade
7 A Whole New World (Aladdin's Theme)--Peabo Bryson and Regina Belle
8 I Have Nothing--Whitney Houston
9 That's What Love Can Do--Boy Krazy
10 Two Princes--Spin Doctors

Singles entering the chart were Looking Through Patient Eyes by PM Dawn (#67); Shoop Shoop (Never Stop Givin' You Love) by Michael Cooper (#71); Down with the King by Run-D.M.C. (#73); The Morning Papers by Prnce and the New Power Generation (#82); and What You Won't Do for Love by Go West (#88).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Ordinary World--Duran Duran (4th week at #1)
2 Bed of Roses--Bon Jovi
3 I'm Every Woman--Whitney Houston
4 If I Ever Lose My Faith in You--Sting
5 Man on the Moon--R.E.M.
6 Hope of Deliverance--Paul McCartney
7 Two Princes--Spin Doctors
8 Angel--Jon Secada
9 That's What Love Can Do--Boy Krazy
10 Simple Life--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were The Crying Game by Boy George (#60); Living on a Memory by Alannah Myles (#70); Driven by You by Brian May (#85); You Bring on the Sun by Londonbeat (#88); Morning Papers by Poison (#96); Running on Faith by Eric Clapton (#97); Candy Everybody Wants by 10,000 Maniacs (#98); and Buddy X by Neneh Cherry (#99).

Died on this date
Clifford Jordan, 61
. U.S. musician and bandleader. Mr. Jordan was a jazz saxophonist who performed with a number of bands, including those of Max Roach and Sonny Stitt.

Politics and government
Jiang Zemin was appointed President of the People's Republic of China.

Fifteen political parties in Somalia reached a fragile accord on a transitional national council pending formation of a national government within two years.

Scandal
Former Italian Prime Minister and Christian Democratic party leader Giulio Andreotti was accused by a tribunal in Palermo of allegiance to the Mafia.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 6 @ Edmonton 2

This game at Edmonton Coliseum was the last hockey game attended by this blogger to date.

10 years ago
2003


Died on this date
Paul Zindel, 66. U.S. writer. Mr. Zindel was best known for his play The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds (1964), which won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for 1971. He wrote 39 books, the best-known of which was his first, the novel The Pigman (1968).

Ricardo Munguía, 39. Salvadoran aid worker. Mr. Munguía was working with the International Committee of the Red Cross in Afghanistan when he was fatally shot by gunmen, marking the first death of a foreign aid worker in Afghanistan in at least five years.

War
U.S. forces intensified their bombardment of Baghdad, targeting government buildings.

Tuesday, 26 March 2013

March 26, 2013

350 years ago
1663


Education
Roman Catholic Bishop François de Laval received a royal grant from King Louis XIV of France to found a seminary at Quebec.

125 years ago
1888


Died on this date
Barghash bin Said, 51 (?)
. Sultan of Zanzibar, 1870-1888. Barghash has been credited with being the last sultan of Zanzibar to rule the island independent of European control. He lost a power struggle with his brother Majid bin Said, the first Sultan of Zanzibar, and spent two years in exile in Bombay. He returned to succeed his brother, becoming the second Sultan of Zanzibar after Majid's death. Barghash was succeeded on the throne by his younger brother Khalifah bin Said, whom Barghhash had imprisoned in 1870 for allegedly trying to overthrow him.

100 years ago
1913


War
The Bulgarian 2nd Army, commanded by Nikola Ivanov and Georgi Vazov, captured the northwestern Turkish city of Adrianople after a siege of almost five months to win the last decisive battle of the First Balkan War.

90 years ago
1923


Died on this date
Sarah Bernhardt, 78
. French actress. "The Divine Sarah" was the most famous actress of the 19th century, and perhaps the most famous actress in history. Her stage career covered 60 years, and continued despite the amputation of her right leg in 1915. Miss Bernhardt was one of the first actresses to appear in movies, acting in a number of films from 1900-1923.

Economics and finance
Alberta Premier Herbert Greenfield delivered the budget speech, and announced that his United Farmers of Alberta government had run a deficit of $2 million in 1922.

80 years ago
1933


Died on this date
Eddie Lang, 30
. U.S. musician. Mr. Lang, born Salvatore Massaro, was known as the "Father of Jazz Guitar." He played in the bands of Joe Venuti, Adrian Rollini, Roger Wolfe Kahn, and Jean Goldkette before joining the Paul Whiteman Orchestra in 1929. He died after a tonsillectomy.

75 years ago
1938


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Chicago 3 @ Montreal 2 (OT)

Paul Thompson scored 11:49 into overtime to give the Black Hawks the win over the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum.

60 years ago
1953


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 0 @ Detroit 7 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Chicago 1 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Terry Sawchuk was in goal for the Red Wings as they routed the Bruins at Olympia Stadium, picking up his fifth shutout in his last nine playoff games going back to 1952.

Paul Meger scored with 2:06 remaining in regulation time to provide the winning margin as the Canadiens defeated the Black Hawks at the Montreal Forum. Chicago playing coach Sid Abel protested the goal vociferously, arguing that Mr. Meger's shot had hit a goal post and had not gone into the net.

50 years ago
1963


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Detroit 4 @ Chicago 5 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Montreal 1 @ Toronto 3 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Bobby Hull, playing with a badly-bruised shoulder, scored 2 goals to led the Black Hawks over the Red Wings at Chicago Stadium.

Johnny Bower assisted on one of the Maple Leafs' goals and won the goaltending duel over Jacques Plante as the defending Stanley Cup champion Maple Leafs defeated the Canadiens at Maple Leaf Gardens.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're So Vain--Carly Simon (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Les gondoles à Venise--Sheila & Ringo (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
George Sisler, 80
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Sisler was a first baseman with the St. Louis Browns (1915-1927), Washington Nationals (1928), and Boston Braves (1928-1930), batting .340 with 102 home runs and 1,175 runs batted in in 2,055 games. In 1920 he led the American League in games played (154); at bats (631); hits (257); batting average (.407); and total bases (399); and was second in doubles (49); triples (18); home runs (19); runs batted in (122); and stolen bases (42). In 1922 he led tha AL in runs (134); hits (246); batting average (.420); triples (18); and tied for the league lead in stolen bases (51), winning the league's Most Valuable Player Award. A severe attack of sinusitis resulting in double vision prevented him from playing in 1923, and he never hit as well again. His 257 hits in 1920 was a major league record that stood until broken by Ichiro Suzuki of the Seattle Mariners in 2004. Mr. Sisler also pitched at times, compiling a record of 5 wins and 6 losses in 24 games. He managed the Browns from 1924-1926, compiling a record of 218-241. Mr. Sisler was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1939. He died two days after his 80th birthday.

Noël Coward, 73. U.K. composer, playwright, and actor. Mr. Coward was one of the most talented artists of the 20th century, writing plays such as Easy Virtue (1925), Private Lives (1930), and Blithe Spirit (1941), acting in movies such as In Which We Serve (1942) and The Italian Job (1969), and writing hundreds of songs, including Mad Dogs and Englishmen. He was knighted in 1969.

Don Messer, 63. Canadian musician. Mr. Messer, a native of Tweedside, New Brunswick, was Canada's best-known fiddler. He began appearing on CBC radio in 1934, and made his first television appearance in 1956. The Don Messer Show, which soon became Don Messer's Jubilee, aired on CBC from 1959-1969 and on CHCH in Hamilton from 1969-1973.

Johnny Drake, 56. U.S. football player. Mr. Drake was the first player ever drafted by the Cleveland Rams (10th overall in the 1st round in 1937), and was a running back with the Rams from 1937-1941, accumulating 1,700 yards rushing and scoring 24 touchdowns. He led the National Football League in rushing touchdowns in 1939 and 1940, with 9 in each season. In 1940 Mr. Drake rushed for 480 yards--second in the league behind Whizzer White of the Detroit Lions--and was named a first team All-Pro. He died the day before his 57th birthday.

Crime
William J. Prater, a former organizer for the United Mine Workers, was convicted by a jury in Erie, Pennsylvania of three counts of first degree murder in the December 1969 slayings of union reform leader Jock Yablonski and his wife and daughter. The conviction came after 6 1/2 hours of deliberation and the prosecutor's assertion that "the person who set the chain of events into motion" was Tony Boyle, former president of the UMW. Mr. Prater was one of seven people charged in the case.

Scandal
The New York Times reported that James McCord, convicted and awaiting sentencing for his role in the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate office complex in Washington, had said that John Dean and Jeb Stuart Magruder, high officials in the administration of President Richard Nixon, had previous knowledge of the Watergate plot.

Society
Women were admitted to the trading floor of the London Stock Exchange for the first time in its 200-year history.

Disasters
At least 20 people were reported dead and thousands homeless in floods along the Caratinga River in central Brazil.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's Championship Final @ St. Louis Arena, St. Louis
California @Los Angeles 87 Memphis State 66

Bill Walton scored 44 points to lead the UCLA Bruins to their 75th consecutive victory over 2 1/2 seasons and their ninth national title in the previous 10 years.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Chante--Les Forbans (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Total Eclipse of the Heart--Bonnie Tyler (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Is There Something I Should Know?--Duran Duran

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Billie Jean--Michael Jackson (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)
2 Do You Really Want to Hurt Me--Culture Club
3 You Are--Lionel Richie
4 Hungry Like the Wolf--Duran Duran
5 Back on the Chain Gang--Pretenders
6 Stray Cat Strut--Stray Cats
7 One on One--Daryl Hall & John Oates
8 Mr. Roboto--Styx
9 Come On Eileen--Dexys Midnight Runners & the Emerald Express
10 Separate Ways (Worlds Apart)--Journey

Singles entering the chart were Let's Dance by David Bowie (#59); Stranger in My House by Ronnie Milsap (#76); If You Wanna Get Back Your Lady by the Pointer Sisters (#78); Wind Beneath My Wings by Lou Rawls (#83); I Melt with You by Modern English (#84); I Eat Cannibals by Total Coelo (#85); Never Give Up by Sammy Hagar (#86); I Couldn't Say No by Robert Ellis Orrall with Carlene Carter (#87); Rio by Duran Duran (#88); Reap the Wild Wind by Ultravox (#89); and The One Thing by INXS (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson
2 Hungry Like the Wolf--Duran Duran
3 Do You Really Want to Hurt Me--Culture Club
4 We've Got Tonight--Kenny Rogers and Sheena Easton
5 Stray Cat Strut--Stray Cats
6 You Are--Lionel Richie
7 Sexual Healing--Marvin Gaye
8 Mr. Roboto--Styx
9 Shy Boy--Bananarama
10 One on One--Daryl Hall & John Oates

Singles entering the chart were Beat It by Michael Jackson (#32); Let's Dance by David Bowie (#45); Sex (I'm A...) by Berlin (#48); Sheriff by the Tenants (#49); and Tears on Your Anorak by the Drivers (#50).

Died on this date
Anthony Blunt, 75. U.K. art historian and traitor. Mr. Blunt was one of the United Kingdom's best-known art historians, and was Surveyor of the King's Pictures (Queen's Pictures after Elizabeth II succeeded George VI on the throne in 1952) from 1945-1972. He was knighted in 1956. In 1979 Sir Anthony was exposed as the "Fourth Man" in a Soviet spy ring that included Guy Burgess, Donald Maclean, and Kim Philby. He and the others had become attracted to Communism and the U.S.S.R. while at Cambridge University in the mid-1930s. After being exposed in November 1979, Mr. Blunt was stripped of his knighthood by Queen Elizabeth.

Hockey
NHL
Among the various Saturday games, the Winnipeg Jets defeated the Calgary Flames 5-2; Toronto Maple Leafs edged the Quebec Nordiques 2-1; Montreal Canadiens beat St. Louis Blues 6-5; and the Edmonton Oilers whipped the Los Angeles Kings 9-3.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Perdere l'Amore--Massimo Ranieri (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Drop the Boy--Bros

#1 single in the U.K.: Don't Turn Around--Aswad

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson
2 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley
3 Father Figure--George Michael
4 Endless Summer Nights--Richard Marx
5 Out of the Blue--Debbie Gibson
6 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean
7 I Get Weak--Belinda Carlisle
8 I Want Her--Keith Sweat
9 Just Like Paradise--David Lee Roth
10 Rocket 2 U--The Jets

Singles entering the chart were Always on My Mind by Pet Shop Boys (#76) and Breakaway by Big Pig (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley (2nd week at #1)
2 Father Figure--George Michael
3 Pump Up the Volume--M/A/R/R/S
4 She's Like the Wind--Patrick Swayze (featuring Wendy Fraser)
5 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean
6 I Get Weak--Belinda Carlisle
7 Hands Up (Give Me Your Heart)--Sway
8 Just Like Paradise--David Lee Roth
9 Endless Summer Nights--Richard Marx
10 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson

Singles entering the chart were She's Having a Baby by Dave Wakeling (#74); That's When I Need You by the Jitters (#79); I Wanna Be a Flintstone by Screaming Blue Messiahs (#95); Girlfriend by Pebbles (#88); Shattered Dreams by Johnny Hates Jazz (#93); The Language of Love by Tu (#95); Prove Your Love by Taylor Dayne (#96); and Mama Likes to Rock and Roll by Terry Kelly (#97). She's Having a Baby was the title song from the movie.

Politics and government
In the race for the 1988 Democratic party nomination for president of the United States, Rev. Jesse Jackson scored an upset victory in the Michigan caucuses, taking 55% of the vote to 28% for Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis. Mr. Jackson’s victory was the first ever by a Negro presidential candidate in a major industrial state. Missouri Congressman Dick Gephardt, whose criticism of foreign automobile manufacturers had been expected to boost his support in Michigan, polled just 13% of the vote.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: In the Still of the Night--Boys II Men

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): All That She Wants--Ace of Base (4th week at #1)

10 years ago
2003


Died on this date
Daniel Patrick Moynihan, 76. U.S. politician and sociologist. Mr. Moynihan, a Democrat, was a United States Senator from 1977-2001, and served in the administrations of Republican party Presidents Richard nixon and Gerald Ford as U.S. Ambassador to India (1973-1975) and U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (1975-1976). As a sociologist, he was known for writing passionately and knowledgeably about the plight of fatherless boys and the implications of such circumstances for society.

War
The U.S. Army 7th Cavalry reportedly concluded two days of killing Iraqis near Najaf, a city on the way to Baghdad. The Pentagon reported that 4,000 Iraqis had been taken prisoner. More than 1,000 members of the 173rd Airborne Brigade parachuted into northern Iraq, seeking to unite with Kurds opposed to Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. A bomb or missile, possibly of American origin, killed at least 17 civilians in Baghdad.

Economics and finance
In an effort to revitalize an industry hit hard by the softwood lumber dispute with the United States, British Columbia announced that it would relax its timber-cutting rules.

Sunday, 24 March 2013

March 25, 2013

790 years ago
1223


Died on this date
Afonso II, 37
. King of Portugal, 1212-1223. King Afonso "The Fat" succeeded his father Sancho I on the throne. He died the day before the eleventh anniversary of his succession, and was in turn succeeded by his 15-year-old son, who became King Sancho II.

180 years ago
1833

Theatre

Edmund Kean, regarded in his time as the greatest actor ever, was playing Othello at Covent Garden, with his son Charles as Iago. At the words "Villain, be sure," in scene 3 of act iii, he suddenly broke down, and crying in a faltering voice, "O God, I am dying. Speak to them, Charles," fell insensible into his son’s arms. It turned out to be Edmund Kean's last performance; he died on May 15 at the age of 44.

110 years ago
1903


Diplomacy
The Anglo-American Convention defined the Alaska-Canada border as it is today. U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt had threatened to send in troops if the boundary was not fixed in the way desired by the U.S.A. Canada wasn't involved in the talks because the government of the United Kingdom had jurisdiction over such matters. Canada ended up with no seaports in northern British Columbia or the Yukon Territory, and the resulting anti-British sentiment in Canada led to the creation of the Department of External Affairs in 1909.

80 years ago
1933


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 1 @ Boston 2 (OT) (Boston led best-of-five series 1-0)

Marty Barry scored at 14:14 of overtime to give the Bruins their win over the Maple Leafs at Boston Garden. Tiny Thompson won the goaltending duel over Lorne Chabot.

75 years ago
1938

Music

The Ink Spots recorded That Cat is High.

70 years ago
1943


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 3 @ Montreal 2 (OT)

Busher Jackson scored 3:20 into overtime to give the Bruins the win over the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum.

60 years ago
1953


On the radio
I Was a Communist for the FBI, starring Dana Andrews
Tonight’s episode: Trial by Fear

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Twisting by the Pool--Dire Straits (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): 99 Luftballons--Nena

Movies
The Outsiders, a film directed by Francis Ford Coppola and based on S.E. Hinton’s novel about troubled teenagers in Oklahoma in the 1960s, opened in theatres . It’s a rather strange movie; Mr. Coppola directed it as though he were making a Douglas Sirk 1950s melodrama, but that approach didn’t fit the setting. The most remarkable feature of the movie is the young cast, which included Matt Dillon; Ralph Macchio; Patrick Swayze; Rob Lowe; Emilio Estevez; and Leif Garrett. Those who saw the film in the spring of 1983 forecast a great career for C. Thomas Howell, who played Ponyboy, the central character. Few would have predicted (in fact, I don’t know if anybody did predict) that the cast member with the most successful career would turn out to be Tom Cruise, whose part in The Outsiders was so small as to be almost invisible. A few months after this movie came out, Mr. Cruise hit it big with Risky Business, and he’s been a big star ever since. C. Thomas Howell’s career, on the other hand, quickly tanked. He made a few forgettable (and forgotten) movies, and was best-known for marrying Rae-Dawn Chong. The Outsiders remains Mr. Howell’s most (only?) memorable movie--a fate that would have amazed moviegoers and critics in the spring of 1983.

War
Nicaragua claimed that it had driven back an intrusion into her territory by Honduran troops. Honduras denied any incursion, but rebel leaders in Tegucigalpa claimed to have 10,000 guerrillas inside Nicaragua who controlled rural areas in seven provinces.

Economics and finance
The French government of Premier Pierre Mauroy unveiled a package of austerity measures, including tax increases, aimed at eliminating the country's trade deficit.

The U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan revised its economic forecast upward and predicted faster growth and less inflation and unemployment.

The United States Senate passed a compromise and bipartisan bill to rescue the Social Security System from bankruptcy, hoping that the provision would keep the system solvent for at least 75 years. The House of Representatives had passed the bill the day before.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): One Tree Hill--U2

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Tell it to My Heart--Taylor Dayne (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Bob Waterfield, 62
. U.S. football player. Mr. Waterfield was a quarterback with the University of California at Los Angeles Bruins before joining the U.S. Army in World War II. He was drafted by the Cleveland Rams in 1944 and joined them in 1945, leading them to the NFL championship, and winning the Joe F. Carr Trophy--by unanimous vote--as the league's Most Valuable Player. The Rams moved to Los Angeles in 1946, and Mr. Waterfield played with them through 1952, starring as a kicker and punter, and sharing quarterbacking duties with Norm Van Brocklin in his last four seasons. The Rams were West Division champions in 1949 and 1950, and won the NFL championship in 1951. Mr. Waterfield was known for his ability to throw the deep bal, and finished his career with 97 touchdown passes. He also kicked 315 extra points and 60 field goals, while punting for a 42.6-yard average and making 20 interceptions. Mr. Waterfield married actress Jane Russell in 1943, and he became a movie producer after his football career ended. The couple were divorced in 1968. Mr. Waterfield was named head coach of the Rams in 1960, but resigned after 8 games of the 1962 season after compiling a record of just 9-24-1. He was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1965.

Crime
A sensational murder trial ended in New York City when the defendant, Robert Chambers, Jr., admitted that he had caused the death of his victim, Jennifer Levin. Miss Levin, 18, had been found strangled in Central Park in 1986 and Mr. Chambers, then 19, had been charged with second-degree murder. The two had left a bar at 4:30 A.M. and gone to the park. Mr. Chambers told police that he had killed Miss Levin unintentionally during a session of "rough sex" in which she had tied his hands with her panties and hurt him. He said that he had responded in a frenzy and had strangled her accidentally. During the ninth day of jury deliberations, Mr. Chambers pled guilty to first-degree manslaughter, admitting that he had intended to injure Miss Levin. Under the plea bargain, Mr. Chambers would have to serve at least five years in prison. Don’t you just love plea bargaining? It makes things easier for the legal profession, but it’s hard to see how it helps the cause of justice.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): What is Love--Haddaway (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The leader of Bosnian Muslims agreed to a map dividing Bosnia and Herzegovina into 10 autonomous provinces.

10 years ago
2003


War
A sandstorm impeded the progress of U.S. 3rd Infantry soldiers in Iraq as they were moving toward Baghdad. The 7th Cavalry reportedly killed Iraqis near Najaf, another city leading to Baghdad. British forces claimed to have captured the Gulf port city of Umm Qasr, but nearby Basra had not fallen. Its one million residents were reported to be in desperate need of water.

Scandal
The United States Air Force announced that it was replacing the four top officers at the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs as a result of allegations by more than 50 female cadets and former cadets that they had been raped or sexually assaulted during the past decade. The women claimed the academy had failed to protect them and had infact investigated those who were filikng complaints. An investigation into the charges was continuing.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate voted 51-48 in favour of a bill that reduced President George W. Bush's proposal for $726 billion in tax cuts to $350 billion. The reduction in tax cuts resulted partly from concerns over the cost of the war in Iraq. The day before, the Bush administration had said it would ask Congress for $74.7 billion to pay for the war, and seek additional funds for foreign aid and domestic security.

Environment
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien pledged to establish 10 new national parks over the next five years, at a cost of $220 million.

March 24, 2013

410 years ago
1603


Died on this date
Elizabeth I, 69
. Queen of England and Ireland, 1558-1603. Queen Elizabeth, the daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, was the last monarch of the House of Tudor. She succeeded to the throne upon the death of her half-sister Mary I. The "Virgin Queen," the last of Henry VIII's descendants, had no children, and never named a successor.

Britannica
King James VI of Scotland, the great-grandson of Margaret Tudor, oldest sister of King Henry VIII, was proclaimed King James I of England and Ireland. The smoothness of the succession resulted in large part from secret correspondence between James and Sir Robert Cecil, England's Secretary of State.

Japanica
Tokugawa Ieyasu was granted the title of shogun from Emperor Go-Yozei, and established the Tokugawa Shogunate in Edo.

350 years ago
1663


Americana
The Province of Carolina was granted by charter to eight Lords Proprietor in reward for their assistance in restoring King Charles II to the English throne.

75 years ago
1938


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 0 @ Toronto 1 (2OT)

George Parsons scored at 1:31 of the 2nd overtime period to give the Maple Leafs the win over the Bruins at Maple Leaf Gardens.

60 years ago
1953


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Portrait of Constance, starring Ann Rutherford, Hugh Reilly, and Murvyn Vye

Died on this date
Mary of Teck, Queen Consort to George V of the United Kingdom, 85
. Queen Mary was the mother of Kings Edward VIII and George VI, and the grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II.

50 years ago
1963


Disasters
Ralph Flores, 41, and Helen Klaben, 21, were found alive in northeastern British Columbia, 49 days after the small plane, piloted by Mr. Flores with Miss Klaben as a passenger, had crashed while on a flight from Fairbanks, Alaska to Fort St. John, B.C.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Cum on Feel the Noize--Slade (4th week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 You're So Vain--Carly Simon (3rd week at #1)
2 I'd Love You to Want Me--Lobo
3 Crocodile Rock--Elton John
4 Separate Ways--Elvis Presley
5 I Am Woman--Helen Reddy
6 Dueling Banjos--Eric Weissberg and Steve Mandell
7 Dreams are Ten a Penny--Kincade
8 Your Mama Don't Dance--The Bootleg Family
9 I've Got to Have You--Carly Simon
10 Nights in White Satin--The Moody Blues

Singles entering the chart were Killing Me Softly with His Song by Roberta Flack (#14); Jambalaya (On the Bayou) by the Blue Ridge Rangers (#26); Wedding Song by Petula Clark (#30); Ventura Highway by America (#31); The Cover of "Rolling Stone" by Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show (#32); Do You Want to Dance by Bette Midler (#34); I Wanna Be with You by Raspberries (#38) and Space Oddity by David Bowie (#40).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Train--O'Jays

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack (3rd week at #1)
2 Love Train--O'Jays
3 Last Song--Edward Bear
4 Also Sprach Zarathustra (2001)--Deodato
5 The Cover of "Rolling Stone"--Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show
6 Dueling Banjos--Eric Weissberg and Steve Mandell
7 Neither One of Us (Wants to Be the First to Say Goodbye)--Gladys Knight and the Pips
8 I'm Just a Singer (In a Rock and Roll Band)--The Moody Blues
9 Ain't No Woman (Like the One I've Got)--Four Tops
10 Danny's Song--Anne Murray

Singles entering the chart were Thinking of You by Loggins and Messina (#82); I Knew Jesus (Before He was a Star) by Glen Campbell (#85); The Right Thing to Do by Carly Simon (#89); Always by Luther Ingram (#93); Delta Queen by Don Fardon (#97); Nobody Wins by Brenda Lee (#99); and Leaving Me by the Independents (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Danny's Song--Anne Murray (2nd week at #1)
2 Dueling Banjos--Eric Weissberg and Steve Mandell
3 Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack
4 The Cover of "Rolling Stone"--Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show
5 Dancing in the Moonlight--King Harvest
6 Also Sprach Zarathustra (2001)--Deodato
7 Do it Again--Steely Dan
8 Crocodile Rock--Elton John
9 Oh Babe, What Would You Say--Hurricane Smith
10 I Just Want to Make Music--Tobias

Singles entering the chart were Let's Pretend by Raspberries (#78); Stuck in the Middle with You by Stealers Wheel (#86); Blue Suede Shoes by Johnny Rivers (#97); Cherry Cherry (Live) by Neil Diamond (#99); and I'm a Stranger Here by Five Man Electrical Band (#100).

Calgary’s top 10
1 Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack (4th week at #1)
2 Dueling Banjos--Eric Weissberg and Steve Mandell
3 Do You Want to Dance--Bette Midler
4 Little Willy--The Sweet
5 You Don't Know What Love Is--Susan Jacks
6 Daddy's Home--Jermaine Jackson
7 The Night the Lights Went Out in Georgia--Vicki Lawrence
8 Big City Miss Ruth Ann--Gallery
9 Dancing in the Moonlight--King Harvest
10 Oh My Lady--Stampeders
Pick hit of the week: Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando

Track and field
Kip Keino of Kenya defeated Jim Ryun at the first-ever professional track meet in Los Angeles.

Curling
Sweden, skipped by Kjell Oscarius, defeated Harvey Mazinke's Canadian rink 6-5 to win the Air Canada Silver Broom, the world men's championship at Regina Exhibition Stadium. The loss was particularly painful for the fans, since Mr. Mazinke's rink hailed from the Regina Curling Club, had gone undefeated through the round-robin and semi-final, and he had a chance to win the game with his final stone. Mr. Oscarius' rink was the first to win the world championship using push brooms, and the Swedish win helped to popularize that kind of broom, which eventually replaced the corn broom. For Canada, which went into the game having won five straight Silver Brooms, it was the beginning of a seven-year drought, which didn't end until Rick Folk of Saskatchewan won in 1980. France, skipped by Pierre Boan, won the bronze medal, the only medal France has ever won in the competition.

30 years ago
1983


Died on this date
Carry Back, 25. U.S. race horse. Carry Back won the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes in 1961 (with John Sellers aboard), and was the leading money-winning horse that year ($565,349 U.S.). In 61 races he recorded 21 wins, 11 places, and 11 shows, with lifetime winnings of $1,241,165.

World events
Speaking to the United Nations Security Council, Victor Hugo Tinoco, deputy foreign minister of Nicaragua, charged that rebel troops invading Nicaragua from Honduras had been created by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Jeane Kirkpatrick, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N., denied the allegation, and claimed that the fighting was the result of a spontaneous revolt against the Nicaraguan government.

Defense
The Soviet press agency TASS charged that the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative, announced by President Ronald Reagan the night before, announced that the antiballistic missile system would violate the terms of the 1972 SALT treaty. The Democrats, responding to the President’s address, rejected his claim that the United States was weaker than Russia.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (6th week at #1)

Personal
This blogger found out that he was a winner of one of the second prizes in the Canadian Football League's contest to guess who would be chosen on the 1987 All-Canadian All-Star team. My prize was a copy of Canadian artist Ken Danby's print The Grey Cup, which Mr. Danby had done for the 75th Grey Cup observance in 1987. 495 copies of the print were made. The first prize was a trip to the 1988 Grey Cup in Ottawa.

World events
After a 7-month secret trial, Mordechai Vanunu, an employee at a bomb-making factory in Israel, was convicted of espionage, transmission of information, and aiding the nation’s enemies. For an undisclosed 6-figure sum, Mr. Vanunu had disclosed secrets of Israel’s atomic weapons program to the Sunday Times of London. Independent observers said that Mr. Vanunu’s revelations showed that Israel had a greater nuclear capability than western observers had assumed, and that Israel could build up to 200 bombs, as well as neutron and hydrogen weapons.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): No Limit--2 Unlimited (5th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Poker

Died on this date
Albert Arlen, 88
. Australian pianist and composer. Mr. Arlen was best known for his musical The Sentimental Bloke (1961) and Alamein Concerto (1944).

John Hersey, 78. U.S. author. Mr. Hersey won the Pulitzer Prize for his novel A Bell for Adano (1944) and was widely praised for his lengthy essay Hiroshima, which first appeared in the August 31, 1946 issue of The New Yorker.

Space
Astronomers Carolyn and Eugene Shoemaker and David Levy, working at the Palomar Observatory in California, discovered Comet Shoemaker-Levy, which was captured by, and orbiting Jupiter.

Defense
South African President F.W. de Klerk revealed that South Africa had built six crude atomic bombs and was working on a seventh when the decision was made to scrap the program in 1989 and destroy the arsenal.

10 years ago
2003


Diplomacy
The Arab League votes 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of U.S. and British soldiers from Iraq.

War
U.S. Army 3rd Infantry troops in Iraq reached within 50 miles of Baghdad. Iraqi forces shot down an Apache helicopter and captured two U.S. pilots, who were shown on Iraqi television. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein appeared on television--whether live or on tape was uncertain--and appealed to his countrymen to hold firm against the invading coalition.

An American bomb hit a bus heading out of Iraq, killing 5 and wounding 10. Most of the casualties were Syrian civilians.