Saturday, 31 October 2015

October 31, 2015

250 years ago
1765


Died on this date
Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, 44
. English royal family member and miliary officer. Prince William was the third and youngest son of King George II. He became a lieutenant general and led the suppression of a Jacobite rebellion in the Battle of Culloden in 1746. Prince William died after several years of declining health.

130 years ago
1885


Football
ORFU
College Series
Toronto 2 @ Ottawa 19

90 years ago
1925


Died on this date
Max Linder, 41
. French actor and film director. Mr. Linder, born Gabriel-Maximilien Leuvielle, directed, wrote, and acted in silent film comedies from 1905 until his death, and has been called the first international movie star. He served as a dispatch driver during World War I, which led to health problems and depression. Mr. Linder and his wife Hélène "Jean" Peters, 20, made a suicide pact and carried it out, cutting open the veins in their arms.

Football
ORFU
Toronto Balmy Beach (4-0) 9 @ Camp Borden (2-2) 1 (OT)

U.S. university
Red Grange, the "Galloping Ghost," almost single-handedly defeated the mighty University of Pennsylvania in his first game in the Eastern U.S., as the University of Illinois beat the Quakers 24-2 before 65,000 fans at Franklin Field in Philadelphia. He for 363 yards and 3 touchdowns, twice ripping off broken-field runs of 60 yards.

75 years ago
1940


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Till the Lights of London Shine Again--Joe Loss and his Orchestra (3rd month at #1)

War
The most intense phase of the Battle of Britain ended, with the United Kingdom preventing a possible German invasion. Japanese troops abandoned the whole province of Kwangsi in southern China. Indian politician Jawaharlal Nehru was arrested and charged with violating the Defense of India Rules by making speeches intended to hinder prosecution of the war.

Politics and government
French Vice-Premier Pierre Laval declared that democracy was dead all over the world, and expressed hope for Britain's defeat in the European war.

Mrs. Earl Browder, wife of the Communist Party's 1940 candidate for President of the United States, was ordered by U.S. Attorney General Robert Jackson to be deported to the U.S.S.R. because of her "surreptitious entry" into the U.S.A. in 1933.

Defense
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau disclosed that the United Kingdom had ordered "a large number" of freighters from United States shipyards to offset losses from German U-boat attacks.

Movies
The Hollywood film industry pledged its entire facilities to the United States Army for the production of movies to be used in training draftees.

Medicine
Sulfaguanidine, a derivative of sulfanilamide devised by Dr. E. Kennerly Marshall, was announced as a cure for bacterial dysentery, a common ailment among troops in the tropics.

Dedicating the $4-million National Health Institute in Bethesda, Maryland, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that the government did not intend to socialize medical practice.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Don't Fence Me In--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (2nd month at #1)

War
Yen Hsi-shan, Governor General of the Chinese province of Shansi, reported that 100,000 Chinese Communist troops were attacking Tatun.

Reports from Moscow indicated that the Soviet Union wanted Italy to pay $300 million in reparations, with one-third going to the U.S.S.R. and the rest to Greece, Yugoslavia, and Albania.

Diplomacy
In a major foreign policy address, U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes said that he recognized the U.S.S.R.'s special interests in eastern and central Europe, but that in a world divided "into spheres of exclusive influence" is more dangerous than national isolation. U.S. President Harry Truman reported that Soviet dictator Josef Stalin had informed him of the U.S.S.R.'s willingness to join the Far Eastern Advisory Commission meeting in Washington.

Politics and government
Venezuelan provisional President Romulo Betancourt promised free elections in six months for a new president and National Assembly to rewrite the nation's constitution.

The new Brazilian government of President Jose Linhares pledged to eliminate all traces of the previous "dictatorship." General Getulio Vargas, who had resigned as President two days earlier, left Rio de Janeiro by plane for his ranch, promising to "harbour no hatred or personal animosities."

In his third report as military governor, U.S. Army General Dwight Eisenhower stated that the terms of the Potsdam Declaration were being carried out in the American zone of Germany.

Education
Allied headquarters ordered the Japanese Education Ministry to investigate 400,000 teachers in 39,000 schools and to eliminate all militarists.

Academia
Booker T. Washington became the first Negro elected to the New York University Hall of Fame. Also chosen were U.S. Revolutionary War figure Thomas Paine; U.S. Army doctor Walter Reed; and Southern poet Sidney Lanier.

Labour
U.S. President Harry Truman said that no maximum percentage for wage increases could be set on a nationwide or industry-wide basis. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 550 strikes and lockouts in September involving 455,000 workers and 3,650,000 man-days of idleness.

The International Labor Organization banned Argentine representative Juan Rodriguez and his adviser Manuel Pichel because their government was deemed fascist.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Hey Mr. Banjo--Silvio Francesco (1st month at #1)

Britannica
Princess Margaret called off her plans to marry Royal Air Force Group Captain Peter Townsend, former equerry to King George VI. Capt. Townsend was divorced, and Princess Margaret decided to abide by the Church of England's opposition to her marriage to a divorced man.

50 years ago
1965


Football
CFL
Toronto (3-11) 21 @ Hamilton (10-4) 35
Calgary (12-4) 20 @ British Columbia (6-9-1) 10

Willie Bethea, Billy Wayte, and Gerry McDougall scored touchdowns for the Tiger-Cats as they beat the Argonauts at Civic Stadium. Hamilton's Don Sutherin kicked 2 converts, 3 field goals, and 3 singles to win the Eastern Football Conference scoring title with 82 points, 7 more than Ottawa's Moe Racine. It was the final game in the 12-year Hall of Fame career of Toronto halfback Dick Shatto, and the final game in a Toronto uniform for halfback and quarterback Jackie Parker.

The Stampeders beat the Lions before 24,191 fans on a rainy Sunday afternoon at Empire Stadium in Vancouver to clinch first place in the Western Football Conference for the first time since 1949. Calgary's Larry Robinson kicked 7 points to finish the season with 95, good enough to win the Dave Dryburgh Memorial Trophy as the WFC's leading scorer for the second straight season. It was the last season in which no CFL player scored as many as 100 points. The defending Grey Cup champion Lions finished the season with 5 straight losses.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Wasted Days and Wasted Nights--Freddy Fender (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Lady Bump--Penny McLean

#1 single in Switzerland: Dolannes-Melodie--Jean-Claude Borelly (3rd week at #1)

Yellowknifiana
The annual Halloween "Spookarama" took place at the airport hangar without incident, despite an anonymous threat of the use of explosives. This blogger was among those in attendance.

Hockey
NHL
The Detroit Red Wings obtained goaltender Ed Giacomin from the New York Rangers. Mr. Giacomin was in his 11th season in the NHL--all with the Rangers--and had made the first or second all-star team five times. In 4 games with the Rangers in 1975-76, Mr. Giacomin had posted a record of 0-3-1 with a goals against average of 4.75, and had lost his position as a starter to John Davidson, who had been acquired from the St. Louis Blues in an off-season trade.

Football
CIAU
British Columbia (4-3) 17 @ Calgary (6-1) 37

The Dinosaurs defeated the Thunderbirds at McMahon Stadium to clinch the first Western Intercollegiate Football League title in their 12-year history.

30 years ago
1985


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: Examination Day, starring David Mendenhall; A Message From Charity, starring Robert Duncan McNeill and Kerry Noonan

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the deficit on merchandise trade with other countries had set a monthly record in September of $15.5 billion.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (4th week at #1)

Business
General Motors reported its greatest quarterly loss ever, $1.98 billion. GM announced that it would close four assembly plants permanently and said that five other plants might be closed.

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Rosalind Cash, 56
. U.S. actress. Miss Cash appeared in various movies and television programs, but was best known for her co-starring role in the movie The Omega Man (1971). She died of cancer.

Education
The Newfoundland government of Premier Brian Tobin passed a proposed constitutional amendment to reform the province's school system, doing away with the existing system based on religious denominations.

10 years ago
2005


Law
U.S. President George W. Bush nominated Judge Samuel Alito to the Supreme Court. Judge Alito was a replacement for White House counsel Harriet Miers, who had withdrawn her nomination in the face of opposition from those who thought her unqualified.

Friday, 30 October 2015

October 30, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Angie Buan!

675 years ago
1340


War
Portuguese forces commanded by King Afonso IV and Castilian forces commanded by King Alfonso XI halted a Marinid invasion led by Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada at the Battle of Río Salado.

530 years ago
1485

Britannica

Henry VII, the first King of England from the House of Tudor, was crowned at Westminster.

200 years ago
1815


Born on this date
Don José Manuel Gallegos
. Mexican-born U.S. politician. Mr. Gallegos was born in Nuevo México when it was still Mexican territory, and in 1853 became the first Democrat to be elected as a delegate to the United States Congress from the Territory of New Mexico, serbing until 1857. He held various positions in New Mexico's territorial government before returning to the House of Representatives as a delegate from 1871-1873. Mr. Gallegos died on April 21, 1875 at the age of 59.

175 years ago
1840


Politics and government
Voting began in the U.S. presidential election. Incumbent President and Democratic party candidate Martin Van Buren was being challenged by Whig party candidate William Henry Harrison and Liberty party candidate J.G. Birney. The voting went state-by-state, and didn't conclude until December 2.

110 years ago
1905


Law
Czar Nicholas II of Russia granted Russia's first constitution, creating a legislative assembly.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Fred W. Friendly
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Friendly, born Ferdinand Friendly Wachenheimer, produced the CBS radio news program Hear it Now and television news programs See it Now and CBS Reports in the 1950s. He was president of CBS News from 1964-1966. Mr. Friendly died on March 3, 1998 at the age of 82.

Jane Randolph. U.S. actress. Miss Randolph, born Jane Roemer, appeared in such movies as Cat People (1942); The Curse of the Cat People (1944); Jealousy (1945); Railroaded! (1947); and Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948). She died on May 4, 2009 at the age of 93.

Died on this date
Charles Tupper, 94
. Prime Minister of Canada, 1896. Sir Charles was the most prominent Father of Confederation to come from Nova Scotia. He was a physician who served as the first president of the Canadian Medical Association in the 1870s. As a politician, he was a Conservative who was Premier of Nova Scotia from 1864-1867 and held various cabinet posts in the government of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald before serving as Canada's High Commissioner in London from 1883-1896. With the Conservative government of Prime Minister Sir Mackenzie Bowell in serious trouble in 1896, Sir Charles was summoned back to Canada. He was elected to the House of Commons in a by-election and took office as Prime Minister on May 1, leading the Conservatives in the federal election campaign. The Liberals, led by Wilfrid Laurier, won a majority of seats in the House of Commons, and Sir Charles handed over the reigns of power on July 8. His 69-day reign as Prime Minister remains the shortest in Canadian history. Sir Charles remained in the House as Leader of the Opposition from 1896-1900; he resigned from the House of Commons in 1901 and returned to England. Sir Charles was the last Father of Confederation to die, and had the longest lifespan (so far) of any Canadian Prime Minister.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (2-2) 10 @ Montreal (0-4) 0
Hamilton (4-0) 19 @ Ottawa (2-2) 6

ORFU
Hamilton (2-2) 20 @ Toronto (2-2) 13

90 years ago
1925


Television
John Logie Baird created Britain's first television transmitter.

75 years ago
1940


At the movies
One Night in the Tropics, starring Allan Jones, Nancy Kelly, Bud Abbott, and Lou Costello, received its premiere screening in Mr. Costello's hometown of Paterson, New Jersey. It was the first movie for the comedy team of Abbott and Costello.

War
The Greek government claimed that the Italian advance into Greece had made little progress, but Italy announced the capture of the town of Breznica, opening the main route to Salonika on the Aegean Sea. Greek Prime Minister John Metaxas said that British aid had been better than expected, with U.K. marines landing in Greece, the British fleet mining the coast, and Royal Air Force pilots reportedly landing in northern Greece.

Diplomacy
German Ambassador to Turkey Franz von Papen suddenly left Ankara for Berlin after a long conversation with Turkish Prime Minister Dr. Refik Saydam.

Defense
The U.S. draft lottery in Washington ended at 5:47 A.M. after 17 1/2 hours of drawing numbers. A fire of unknown origin destroyed the top floor of the four-storey U.S. War Department building in Washington, but Army code books and other secret records were saved.

Politics and government
Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie predicted that if Franklin D. Roosevelt were re-elected five days hence, "on the basis of past performance with pledges to the people, you may expect war by April 1941." Replying in a speech in Boston, President Roosevelt promised, "Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars." Democratic Party U.S. vice presidential candidate told an American Labor Party rally in New York that "millions of Americans know from personal observation that there is Nazi propaganda and Nazi pressure for the election of the Republican candidate." World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis urged the election of Mr. Willkie because he "will help my people," presumably referring to Negroes.

Economics and finance
Brazil was reported to have banned the export of beef because of a meat shortage in Rio de Janeiro due to a long drought and large beef exports to Europe.

Harvey Gibson, chairman of the New York World's Fair board of directors, announced that 3,000 bondholders would receive 39.2 cents on the dollar.

Labour
It was revealed that carpenters must pay an $80 union "initiation fee" to work at Fort Dix, New Jersey, a $75 fee at Fort Edwards, Massachusetts, and $55 at Fort Meade, Maryland, with no refunds in case of dismissal.

70 years ago
1945


Diplomacy
The Allied Far Eastern Advisory Commission assembled in Washington. The U.S.S.R. refused to join unless the U.S.A. agreed to share occupation of Japan with other Allied powers.

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes announced full U.S. recognition of the Venezuelan government of provisional President Romulo Betancourt.

Politics and government
Supreme Court Chief Justice Jose Linhares was sworn in as President of Brazil and appointed a new cabinet.

In its plan submitted to the U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee, the War Department called for the merger of the Armed Forces into one agency under a cabinet-level secretary.

Energy
The U.S. House of Representatives Military Affairs Committee approved a bill establishing a strong atomic energy commission.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives approved the $5.9-billion tax reduction bill. A House committee supported congressional appropriations of $550 million for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.

Labour
In an executive order amending his August 18, 1945 policy statement, U.S. President Harry Truman recommended higher wages in order for workers to catch up with the cost of living.

Baseball
Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro American League signed a contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking the colur barrier.

60 years ago
1955


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Into Thin Air, starring Patricia Hitchcock, Geoffrey Toone, and Alan Napier

Football
ORFU
Sarnia (6-6) 27 @ Toronto (1-11) 0

Ross Dowswell scored 3 touchdowns and Jean Cadieux added another TD as the Imperials shut out Balmy Beach. Dutch Davey added 3 converts and 4 singles. It was the final game for Toronto halfback Uly Curtis, who had starred with the Toronto Argonauts from 1950-1954 before joining Balmy Beach in 1955.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)/Shakin' All Over--Normie Rowe (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Mes Mains Sur Tes Hanches--Salvatore Adamo (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La danza di Zorba--Mikis Theodorakis (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): This Strange Effect--Dave Berry (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Tears--Ken Dodd (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Yesterday--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Yesterday--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones
3 A Lover's Concerto--The Toys
4 Treat Her Right--Roy Head and the Traits
5 Keep on Dancing--The Gentrys
6 Everybody Loves a Clown--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
7 You're the One--The Vogues
8 Just a Little Bit Better--Herman's Hermits
9 Positively 4th Street--Bob Dylan
10 1-2-3--Len Barry

Singles entering the chart were I Will by Dean Martin (#66); I'm a Man by the Yardbirds (#78); (All of a Sudden) My Heart Sings by Mel Carter (#81); Let Me Be by the Turtles (#83); Kiss Away by Ronnie Dove (#86); England Swings by Roger Miller (#88); Mystic Eyes by Them (#89); Il Silenzio by Nini Rosso (#97); Should I by Chad & Jeremy (#100); and One Has My Name (The Other Has My Heart) by Barry Young (also #100).

Died on this date
Arthur M. Schlesinger, Sr., 77
. U.S. historian. Dr. Schlesinger taught at Harvard University for several decades, where he was a pioneer in the study of social history and urban history. His books included The Rise of the City, 1878-1898 (1933). Dr. Schlesinger's son Arthur, Jr. became a more famous historian.

Popular culture
English model Jean Shrimpton caused a global sensation by wearing a daring white minidress to Derby Day at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia.

War
Near Da Nang, South Vietnam, United States Marines repelled an intense attack by Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas.

Football
CFL
Montreal (5-9) 16 @ Ottawa (7-7) 8
Saskatchewan (8-7-1) 15 @ Edmonton (5-11) 12

Pat Batten scored 2 touchdowns and a single to lead the Alouettes over the Rough Riders at Lansdowne Park. Gene Gaines, normally a defensive back, replaced the injured Bo Scott on offense and scored the only Ottawa touchdown on a 28-yard pass from Russ Jackson.

George Reed rushed for 114 yards to help the Roughriders defeat the Eskimos before 14,000 fans at Clarke Stadium. Mr. Reed finished the season with 1,768 yards rushing, 26 yards short of the league record set by Earl Lunsford of the Calgary Stampeders in 1961. Saskatchewan flanker Hugh Campbell finished the season with 73 pass receptions for a Western Football Conference-record 1,329 yards, while Edmonton's Tommy-Joe Coffey tied his team and WFC single-season record of 81 receptions, equalling his 1964 total. He finished with 1,286 yards receiving in 1965. Jim Thomas, who was awarded a steer at halftime for winning the Canada Packers fan vote as the team's most popular player in 1965, scored the Edmonton touchdown, with Mr. Coffey adding a convert and a field goal. Randy Kerbow and Al Ecuyer added singles for the Eskimos. For Mr. Ecuyer, it was the final game of his seven-year Eskimo career; he was traded to the Toronto Argonauts in the off-season with defensive back Mike Wicklum for defensive back John Wydareny. Among others ending their Eskimo careers with this game was quarterback Don Getty, who had come out of retirement in mid-season to help the team when Bill Redell was injured. Defensive back Oscar Kruger ended his 12-year career, leaving as the CFL's career leader in interceptions with 46. It was also the final game in an Edmonton uniform for centre Bill Mitchell, who had come to the team as part of the trade for Jackie Parker in 1963, and taught mathematics at Ross Sheppard High School in Edmonton when he wasn't playing football.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rhinestone Cowboy--Glen Campbell (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Gustav Ludwig Hertz, 88
. German physicist. Dr. Hertz and fellow German James Franck were awarded the 1925 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom." Dr. Hertz defected to the U.S.S.R. at the end of World War II and spent the last 20 years of his life in East Germany.

Journalism
The New York Daily News ran the headline Ford to City: Drop Dead, a day after U.S. President Gerald R. Ford said he would veto any proposed federal bailout of New York City.

30 years ago
1985


Died on this date
Kirby Grant, 73
. U.S. actor. Mr. Grant, born Kirby Grant Hoon, Jr., appeared in "B" movies and starred in the television series Sky King (1951-1959). He was killed in a car accident while on his way to Cape Canaveral, Florida to watch the launch of the U.S. space shuttle Challenger.

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Challenger lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin the seven-day mission STS-61-A. The eight-member crew was led by Commander Henry Hartsfield.

Terrorism
Three Russian diplomats kidnapped in Beirut by the Islamic Liberation Organization a month earlier were freed unharmed. A fourth diplomat who had been kidnappedat the same time had been found slain on October 2. The ILO said that the Russians had been kidnapped to pressure Syria--an ally of the U.S.S.R.--to seek an end to fighting in Tripoli, Lebanon, between Muslim fundamentalists and Lebanese militiamen backed by Syria. A truce had ended the fighting in early October.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones Industrial Average hit a record high of 1375.57.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Shut Up (And Sleep with Me)--Sin With Sebastian (5th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms (6th week at #1)
2 Back for Good--Take That
3 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
4 Side of the Road--Blue Rodeo
5 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
6 This--Rod Stewart
7 I'm Shattered--Barney Bentall
8 You Oughta Know--Alanis Morisette
9 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
10 I Could Fall in Love--Selena

Singles entering the chart were Rock Steady by Bonnie Raitt with Bryan Adams (#88); Lump by the Presidents of the United States of America (#94); Lock and Load by Bob Seger (#95); Geek Stink Breath by Green Day (#96); Blessing by Elton John (#97); When Love & Hate Collide by Def Leppard (#98); One of Us by Joan Osborne (#99); and Breakin' Down by Susan Aglukark (#100).

Politics and government
In their second referendum on sovereignty, Quebec electors narrowly voted by a margin of 50.58%-49.42% to remain a province of Canada.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Al López, 97
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. López was a catcher with the Brooklyn Robins and Dodgers (1928, 1930-1935); Boston Bees (1936-1940); Pittsburgh Pirates (1940-1946); and Cleveland Indians (1947), batting .261 with 51 home runs and 652 runs batted in in 1,950 games. His 1,918 games as a catcher was the major league career record until it was broken by Bob Boone in 1987. He managed the Cleveland Indians (1951-1956) and Chicago White Sox (1957-1965, 1968, 1969), compiling a record of 1,410-1,004 (.584). The 1954 Indians and 1959 White Sox were the only teams other than the New York Yankees to win the American League pennant from 1949-1964. Mr. López was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1977.

Football
CFL
Calgary (10-7) 46 @ Winnipeg (5-13) 24

Thursday, 29 October 2015

October 29, 2015

625 years ago
1390


Society
Paris hosted its first trial for witchcraft, leading to the deaths of three people.

350 years ago
1665


Died on this date
António I
. King of Kongo, 1661-1665. António I succeeded Garcia II as king; he was captured and decapitated by Portuguese forces at the Battle of Mbwila. He died with no heir apparent and was succeeded on the throne by Afonso II.

War
Portuguese forces defeated the forces of the Kingdom of Kongo--in what is now Angola--in the Battle of Mbwila.

275 years ago
1740


Born on this date
James Boswell
. U.K. author. Mr. Boswell, a native of Edinburgh, was a lawyer who was best known for his biography The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (1791), which has been called the greatest biography ever written. Venereal disease and heavy drinking contributed to Mr. Boswell's death at the age of 54 on May 19, 1795.

200 years ago
1815


Born on this date
Dan Emmett
. U.S. entertainer. Mr. Emmett founded the first troupe of blackface minstrel show performers, and has been widely credited with writing the song Dixie. He died on June 28, 1904 at the age of 88, and was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.

75 years ago
1940


War
Rome radio reported that the Italian army had moved 40 miles inside the Greek border, while other claimed that Greek troops were offering stubborn resistance. The Australian War Council wsa sworn in in Melbourne.

Defense
The United States began its first peacetime military draft when Secretary of War Henry Stimson drew numbers at the War Department auditorium.

Mexican President Lázaro Cárdenas del Río said that any accord with the United States would provide for naval and air bases in Mexico.

Olympics
The American Olympic Committee officially disbanded with over $110,000 in unspent funds.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Till the End of Time--Perry Como (6th week at #1)
--Dick Haymes
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
2 On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Bing Crosby
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Judy Garland and the Merry Macs
3 I'll Buy that Dream--Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Hal McIntyre and his Orchestra
4 If I Loved You--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
--Frank Sinatra
5 Chopin's Polonaise--Carmen Cavallaro and his Orchestra
6 It's Only a Paper Moon--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys
7 Tampico--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
8 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
9 I'm Gonna Love that Gal (Like She’s Never Been Loved Before)--Perry Como
10 Gotta Be This or That--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Surprise Party by Johnny Mercer (#21); Who Threw the Whiskey in the Well by Lucky Millinder and his Orchestra (#22); You Came Along (From Out of Nowhere) by Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra (#31); Waitin' for the Train to Come In by Johnny Long and His Orchestra and Dick Robertson (#40); Leap Frog by Les Brown and his Orchestra (#41); At Mail Call Today by Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra with Red Foley (#42); and What Do You Want to Make Those Eyes at Me For by Betty Hutton (#43). You Came Along (From Out of Nowhere) was the B-side of Hong Kong Blues, charting at #12. At Mail Call Today was the B-side of Shame on You, charting at #34.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Murder by Moonlight

World events
The war crimes trial of Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita opened in Manila.

War
Communist troops were reported entrenched in Manchuria along rail lines and near three ports where U.S. warships were scheduled to land Chinese government troops.

Politics and government
Getúlio Vargas resigned as President of Brazil, turning the office over to Supreme Court Chief Justice Jose Linhares until a new president was elected.

Defense
U.S. Army General George Marshall warned that if the United Nations were to have any chance of success, the United States must remain strong, and demobilization must not become military "disintegration."

The Association of Manhattan District Scientists, whose members worked on the atomic bomb, criticized the May-Johnson bill because it aimed to maintain an American monopoly on the bomb.

Health
The U.S. Census Bureau reported that maternal and infant mortality deaths were 6,139 and 111,127 respectively in 1944, the lowest on record.

Economics and finance
U.S. Office of Price Administration chief Chester Bowles and War Production Board Chairman Julius Krug announced the end of automobile rationing.

Labour
U.S. Secretary of Labor Lewis Schwellenbach told a Senate committee that the payment of "uniformly lower wages" to women "depresses the whole wage structure," and urged legislation banning wage differentials because of sex.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Unchained Melody--Al Hibbler; Les Baxter and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): The Man from Laramie--Jimmy Young (4th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Autumn Leaves--Roger Williams (Best Seller--1st week at #1); Love is a Many-Splendored Thing--The Four Aces (Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1); The Yellow Rose of Texas--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (Jukebox--5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Autumn Leaves--Roger Williams
2 Love is a Many-Splendored Thing--The Four Aces
--[Don Cornell]
3 The Yellow Rose of Texas--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra
--Johnny Desmond
--Stan Freberg
4 Moments to Remember--The Four Lads
5 He--Al Hibbler
--The McGuire Sisters
6 The Shifting Whispering Sands--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
--Rusty Draper
7 Only You (And You Alone)--The Platters
--The Hilltoppers
8 The Bible Tells Me So--Don Cornell
--Nick Noble
9 Suddenly There's a Valley--Gogi Grant
--Julius LaRosa
--Jo Stafford
10 Black Denim Trousers--The Cheers
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Only You (And You Alone) by the Hilltoppers; Croce di Oro (Cross of Gold) by Joan Regan (#22, charting with the version by Patti Page); The Bonnie Blue Gal by Lawrence Welk and his Champagne Music (#32, charting with the version by Mitch Miller and his Orchestra); Thirty Days (To Come Back Home) by Chuck Berry (#42); Learning to Love by Peggy King (#47); Are You Havin' Any Fun by the Crew-Cuts (#49); and It's Almost Tomorrow by the Dream Weavers (#50).

On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: A Matter of Life and Death



Disasters
The Soviet battleship Novorossiysk, formerly the Italian battleship Giulio Cesare, struck a leftover German mine in the harbour at Sevastopol and sank with the loss of 608 men, including those who had come from other vessels to help.

Football
IRFU
Hamilton (7-4) 16 @ Montreal (9-2) 41
Ottawa (2-9) 13 @ Toronto (4-7) 29

WIFU
Saskatchewan (10-6) 31 @ Winnipeg (7-9) 13
Calgary (4-12) 5 @ Edmonton (14-2) 30

The Alouettes erupted for 4 touchdowns in the 4th quarter to put away the Tiger-Cats at Molson Stadium, clinching first place in the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union for the third straight season. Pat Abbruzzi and Joey Pal scored 2 touchdowns each for the Alouettes, with Hal Patterson and Tom Moran scoring the other Montreal touchdowns. Bud Korchak added 6 converts, a field goal, and a single. Ron Howell scored the first Hamilton touchdown when he took a lateral from Johnny Fedosoff and returned a punt 90 yards, an IRFU record for the longest punt return. Lou Kusserow scored the other Hamilton touchdown on a 12-yard fumble return. Montreal quarterback Sam Etcheverry completed 23 of 40 passes for 372 yards. Former Winnipeg Blue Bomber quarterback Joe Zaleski, dressing for his first game in a Montreal uniform, relieved Mr. Etcheverry in the 4th quarter and completed 2 of 4 passes for 40 yards and a touchdown. Hamilton quarterback Nobby Wirkowski completed just 5 of 17 passes, as the Tiger-Cats failed to score an offensive touchdown. Hamilton's Hal Waggoner set an IRFU single-game record with 161 yards on kickoff returns.

Corky Tharp set an IRFU record for a single game with 202 yards rushing as the Argonauts defeated the Rough Riders at Varsity Stadium to clinch the third and final playoff spot in the Big Four. Toronto quarterback Tom Dublinski completed 15 of 27 passes for 259 yards and 3 touchdowns. Al Pfeifer was on the receiving end of all of Mr. Dublinski's touchdown passes, and kicked 4 converts. Mr. Tharp and Nayland Moll rushed for the other Toronto touchdowns. Jack Scarbath completed a 24-yard pass to Bob Simpson for the first Ottawa touchdown, and Don Pinhey rushed 1 yard for the Rough Riders' other TD.

Ken Carpenter, Bobby Marlow, Stan Williams, Harry Lunn, and Tom Donnelly scored touchdowns for the Roughriders as they defeated the Blue Bombers before 14,464 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Mr. Carpenter finished the season as the Western Interprovincial Football Union scoring leader with 90 points on 18 touchdowns, winning the Dave Dryburgh Memorial Trophy. Joe Aguirre converted 3 of the touchdowns and added a field goal. Gerry James, who was battling Edmonton Eskimos' fullback Normie Kwong for the WIFU rushing title (and single-season yardage record), rushed for 131 yards and a touchdown, finishing the season with 1,205 yards rushing. Quarterback Buddy Leake scored the other Winnipeg touchdown and added 2 converts and a single.

Normie Kwong rushed for 192 yards on 30 carries and Don Getty and Jackie Parker each threw 2 touchdown passes as the Eskimos routed the Stampeders at Clarke Stadium. Mr. Kwong finished the season with 1,250 yards rushing, 45 more than Winnipeg's Gerry James, and a single-season record for Canadian football, although Montreal fullback Pat Abbruzzi still had one more game coming up in 1955 in which to try to break the record. Mr. Kwong thus clinched the Eddie James Memorial Trophy, awarded every year to the WIFU's leader in yards rushing. Ironically, the trophy was named after Gerry James' father, a star with Winnipeg in the 1930s. Mr. Kwong's 192 yards stood as a team record for a single game until Sean Millington rushed for 225 yards against the Saskatchewan Roughriders on October 30, 1999. Bob Heydenfeldt caught one touchdown pass each from Mr. Getty and Mr. Parker, and also punted for a single. Mr. Getty connected with Rupe Andrews for his other touchdown pass, and Mr. Parker's other TD pass went to Con Kelly. Bob Dean added 4 converts. Moselle scored a touchdown for the Stampeders in the 4th quarter.

Canadian university
McGill 35 Western Ontario 17
Toronto 10 @ Queen's 11

Neil Desborough returned kickoffs 95 and 90 yards for touchdowns for the Mustangs, but it wasn't nearly enough as they lost to the Redmen.

Jocko Thompson's field goal with 23 seconds remaining in the game gave the Golden Gaels their win over the Varsity Blues at Richardson Stadium in Kingston.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 A Lover's Concerto--The Toys
2 Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones
3 Keep on Dancing--The Gentrys
4 Yesterday--The Beatles
5 Not the Lovin' Kind--Dino, Desi and Billy
6 Taste of Honey--Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
7 Liar, Liar--The Castaways
8 You're the One--The Vogues
9 Everybody Loves a Clown--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
10 Just a Little Bit Better--Herman's Hermits
Pick hit of the week: Windmill in Old Amsterdam--Freddie and the Dreamers
New this week: Over and Over--The Dave Clark Five
England Swings--Roger Miller
Let Me Show You Where it's At--Freddy Cannon
Make the World Go Away--Eddy Arnold
May the Bird of Paradise Fly Up Your Nose--"Little" Jimmy Dickens

Music
The Beatles were at EMI Studios in London, where they finished recording the song We Can Work it Out.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Chet Miksza, 44
. Canadian football player. Mr. Miksza was a tackle and centre with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats (1952-1965, 1968) and Montreal Alouettes (1966). He was a member of Grey Cup championship teams in 1953, 1957, 1963, and 1965, and made the Eastern Football Conference and Canadian Football League All-Star teams at centre in 1964. Mr. Miksza died after a long illness.

Politics and government
Prince Carlos heir-designate since 1969, was named Spain's provisional head of state, as Generalissimo Francisco Franco was hospitalized and slipped into a coma the next day.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Gerald Ford said that he would veto any federal baiout of New York City.

30 years ago
1985


Politics and government
Major General Samuel K. Doe was announced as the winner of the first multi-party presidential election in Liberia.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): So Hard--Pet Shop Boys (4th week at #1)

War
The United Nations Security Council voted 13-0 with 2 abstentions to pass a resolution warning Iraq that "further measures" might be taken under the UN Charter--by implication, including military action. In separate statements, U.S. President George Bush and U.S. Secretary of State James Baker warned that in light of barbarous acts by the Iraqis in Kuwait, the use of force remained a possibility.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Knockin'--Double Vision

#1 single in Switzerland: Waterfalls--TLC (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Terry Southern, 71
. U.S. author. Mr. Southern was best known for the comic novels Candy (1958--co-written with Mason Hoffenberg) and The Magic Christian (1959). Heavy drinking and drug use contributed to his literary and physical decline in later years.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (8-10) 17 @ Baltimore (15-3) 24
Ottawa (3-15) 33 @ Winnipeg (7-11) 36
Birmingham (10-8) 42 @ San Antonio (12-6) 48

Louis Fite rushed 1 yard for his first CFL touchdown, Tracy Ham completed a 13-yard TD pass to Gerald Alphin, and Carlos Huerta added 2 converts, 3 field goals, and a single as the Stallions defeated the Tiger-Cats before 29,310 fans at Memorial Stadium. Mike Kerrigan relieved Anthony Calvillo at quarterback for Hamilton and threw touchdown passes of 5 and 7 yards to Earl Winfield in the 4th quarter.

Troy Westwood's 12-yard field goal with 25 seconds remaining in regulation time climaxed a 19-point 4th quarter as the Blue Bombers came back from a 33-17 deficit to defeat the Rough Riders before 27,022 fans at Winnipeg Stadium and capture the fifth and last playoff spot in the North Division, eliminating the Saskatchewan Roughriders. Former Winnipeg backup quarterback Sammy Garza threw touchdown passes to Odessa Turner and Ray Alexander, and Emanuel Martin scored the other Ottawa touchdown on a 33-yard punt return. Wayne Lammle added 3 converts and 4 field goals. Winnipeg quarterback Reggie Slack threw a 47-yard touchdown pass to Milt Stegall in the 2nd quarter and rushed 16 yards for a touchdown of his own in the 3rd quarter. In the 4th quarter, Mr. Slack rushed 1 yard for his second touchdown of the game, with an unsuccessful 2-point convert attempt leaving the Blue Bombers trailing 33-23. Mr. Westwood kicked a 32-yard field goal with 5:06 remaining to pull Winnipeg within a converted touchdown, and the Blue Bombers tied the game on a 9-yard pass from Mr. Slack to Tim Daniel, converted by Mr. Westwood.

David Archer completed touchdown passes to Mark Stock and Billy Hess, handed off to Heath Sherman for a TD, and rushed for another touchdown himself as the Texans defeated the Barracudas before 19,025 fans at the Alamodome to clinch second place in the South Division, with the semi-final to take place a week later in the same place between the same teams. Marcus Gates scored the other San Antonio touchdown on a 93-yard kickoff return in the 4th quarter. With Matt Dunigan out with injury, Kelvin Simmons played quarterback for Birmingham and had the best game of his career, rushing for 3 touchdowns and completing touchdown passes to Marcus Grant and Eddie Britton, and a 2-point convert pass to Mr. Grant. The Barracudas outscored the Texans 25-17 in the 4th quarter. It was the last regular season Canadian Football League game to be played in the United States.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Lloyd Bochner, 81
. Canadian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Bochner, a native of Toronto, appeared in numerous television programs and movies in a career spanning half a century. He co-starred with Rod Taylor in the television series Hong Kong (1960-1961).

Terrorism
Bombings in Delhi, believed by authorities to be the work of the Kashmir separatist/Islamic terrorist group Lashkar-e-Taiba, killed 62 people and injured at least 210 others.

Football
CFL
Montreal (10-7) 43 @ Ottawa (6-11) 23

CIS
British Columbia 23 @ Alberta (7-1) 26

Wednesday, 28 October 2015

October 28, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Kerry Hoffer and Mona Bernales!

240 years ago
1775


War
A British proclamation forbade residents of Boston from leaving the city.

180 years ago
1835


Politics and government
The United Tribes of New Zealand, a confederacy of Maori tribes in North Island, was established with the signing in Waitangi of the Declaration of Independence by official British Resident James Busby and 34 Maori chiefs.

125 years ago
1890

Baseball

World Series
Louisville Colonels 6 @ Brooklyn Bridegrooms 2 (Best-six-of-ten series tied 3-3-1)

The Colonels defeated the Bridegrooms 6-2 before just 300 fans at Washington Park. Red Ehret pitched a complete game to win for the Colonels, while Tom Lovett went the distance in taking his second loss of the Series. With poor attendance and poor weather, the Series was called off after this game, with no champion decided.

110 years ago
1905


Football
ORFU
Hamilton (4-0) 37 @ Toronto Victorias (2-3) 0

100 years ago
1915


Music
Richard Strauss conducted the first performance of his tone poem Eine Alpensinfonie in Berlin.

90 years ago
1925


Defense
The court-martial of U.S. Army Brigadier General Billy Mitchell began at the Emery Building in Washington, D.C. Gen. Mitchell had been charged with violating the Ninety-sixth Article of War, which covered "all disorders and neglects to the prejudice and good order and military discipline," as well as "all conduct of a nature to bring discredit upon the military service. Gen. Mitchell had issued public statements condemning the conduct of the U.S. Army and Navy as "criminal" and "almost treasonable" following the September 2, 1925 crash of the Navy dirigible USS Shenandoah, in which 14 men had been killed, including Lieutenant Commander Zachary Lansdowne.

75 years ago
1940


On the radio
Two years after Orson Welles had broadcast an adaptation of H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds for Mercury Theater on the Air, the two men met in San Antonio, Texas, and appeared together in the broadcast studio of KTSA for an interview.

War
After Greece rejected Italy's ultimatum, Italian forces invaded Greece through Albania, marking Greece's entry into World War II. In their longest flight to date, British Royal Air Force bombers hit German munitions plants in the Bohemian-Moravian Protectorate. Chinese forces recaptured Nanking, former capital of the province of Kwangsi.

Mexican federal troops engaged Almazanista rebel forces in the state of Chiapas.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Kesago Nakajima, 64
. Japanese military officer. Lieutenant General Nakajima was Operational Commander in the Battle of Nanjing in 1937 and was implicated in what was known at the time as the "Rape of Nanking." He retired from the Imperial Japanese Army in 1939 and died of illness.

War
A Chinese Communist spokesman said that fighting against Nationalist troops had spread to 11 of the country's 28 provinces.

Politics and government
The British government appointed Major Gideon Brand van Zyl as Governor General of the Union of South Africa effective January 1, 1946.

Economics and finance
The U.S. War Production Board placed lumber under inventory control to prevent hoarding, and speed expansion of industry.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations-affiliated United Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers announced the filing of a petition with the U.S. National Labor Relations Board for a strike vote at 54 General Electric plants in an attempt to overcome the company's refusal to grant a $2-per-day wage increase.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Man from Laramie--Jimmy Young (3rd week at #1)

Football
ORFU
Toronto (1-10) 1 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (11-1) 24

Bill Graham scored a touchdown and 2 converts as the Dutchmen easily defeated Balmy Beach in Kitchener. Cookie Gilchrist added a touchdown and a single, with Bobby Kuntz and Carl Totzke scoring the other K-W touchdowns, and Steve Fochuk adding a convert. Don Guest's single accounted for the only Toronto point.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Tears--Ken Dodd (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Earl Bostic, 52
. U.S. musician. Mr. Bostic was a jazz and rhythm and blues saxophonist and bandleader. His hit singles included Flamingo; Temptation; and Harlem Nocturne. Mr. Bostic died of a heart attack while performing with his band in Rochester, New York.

Americana
Construction on the Gateway Arch in St. Louis was completed.

Religion
The Second Vatican Council's Nostra Aetate--Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non-Christian Religions--was promulgated by Pope Paul VI. It urged Roman Catholics to "enter with prudence and charity into discussion and collaboration with members of other religions," expressed a high regard for Muslims, and absolved the Jews of responsibility for the death of Jesus, reversing the decree issued in 1199 by Pope Innocent III.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Georges Carpentier, 81
. French boxer. Mr. Carpentier was world light heavyweight champion from 1920-1922, but was best known for challenging Jack Dempsey for the world heavyweight championship in Jersey City, New Jersey on July 2, 1921. The fight, which produced the first $1-million gate in boxing history, ended with Mr. Carpentier being knocked out in the 4th round. In a professional career running from 1908-1926, Mr. Carpentier compiled a record of 88-15-6-1.

Oliver Nelson, 43. U.S. musician. Mr. Nelson was a jazz saxophonist and clarinetist who was best known for his album The Blues and the Abstract Truth (1961). He was also a bandleader and composer, and moved to Hollywood in the late 1960s, writing music for television programs and for movies such as Zig Zag (1970). Mr. Nelson died of a heart attack.

Baseball
The Chicago Cubs traded veteran shortstop Don Kessinger to the St. Louis Cardinals for relief pitcher Mike Garman and a player to be named later. Mr. Kessinger, who had been with the Cubs since 1964, batted .243 with no home runs and 46 runs batted in in 154 games in 1975. Mr. Garman, who had been acquired by the Cardinals from the Boston Red Sox after the 1973 season, was 3-8 with 10 saves and a 2.39 earned run average in 66 games in 1975.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Got You Babe--UB40 with Chrissie Hynde (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Koi ni Ochite: Fall in Love--Akiko Kobayashi

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder (2nd week at #1)

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): To Sir, with Love--Ngaire

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Tom's Diner--DNA featuring Suzanne Vega (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: It Must Have Been Love--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic held the first multiparty legislature election in the country's history.

World events
Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein cancelled the rationing of gasoline and fired his oil minister, saying he had made a miscalculation. Some observers thought that the original announcement was a ruse to make it appear that sanctions were working so that a military attack on Iraq would not be necessary.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (11-6) 18 @ Ottawa (7-10) 27
Toronto (9-8) 31 @ Saskatchewan (9-8) 33
Hamilton (6-11) 15 @ Edmonton (10-7) 25

The Rough Riders recovered 3 Blue Bomber fumbles and made an interception as they improved their chances of making the playoffs for the first time in 5 years. Reggie Barnes rushed 21 times for 85 yards--including a 3-yard touchdown in the 1st quarter--and caught 3 passes for 44 yards to lead the Ottawa offense. Damon Allen completed 15 of 28 passes for 221 yards, including a 46-yard completion to David Williams in the 2nd quarter for the other Ottawa touchdown. Mr. Williams led the Rough Riders with 101 yards on 5 receptions. Dean Dorsey added 2 converts and 4 field goals, and Terry Baker punted 82 yards for a single to complete the Ottawa scoring. Tom Burgess completed a 31-yard pass to Eric Streater in the 1st quarter for the first Winnipeg touchdown, and Robert Mimbs rushed 2 yards for the other Blue Bomber touchdown with 42 seconds remaining in the game. Trevor Kennerd converted the first touchdown and added a field goal and 2 singles. A 2-point convert attempt on the last touchdown was unsuccessful. Mr. Mimbs rushed for 68 yards on 18 carries to lead the Blue Bombers, while Perry Tuttle gained 85 yards on 2 pass receptions. Mr. Burgess completed 14 of 29 passes for 239 yards, while backup quarterback Danny McManus was just 1 for 8 for 24 yards. 18,216 fans showed up at Lansdowne Park on a wet day.

Dave Ridgway’s fourth field goal of the game, a 47-yard kick on the last play of regulation time, gave the Roughriders their win over the Argos before 26,139 happy fans at Taylor Field. The winning kick came just 43 seconds after Toronto had tied the game on a 6-yard touchdown pass from Rickey Foggie to Jeff Boyd and a 2-point convert pass from Mr. Foggie to Mr. Boyd. Toronto head coach Don Matthews was upset by a 15-yard penalty for unnecessary roughness called against his team that kept the Roughriders’ final drive alive. The Roughriders twice had 10-point leads in the game--10-0 and 30-20, while the Argos led 20-13 at halftime. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin opened the scoring with a 1-yard touchdown run in the 1st quarter. Mr. Ridgway converted and added a 47-yard field goal before Lance Chomyc got the Argos on the scoreboard with an 11-yard field goal on the last play of the quarter. The Argos went ahead in the 2nd quarter on a 64-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Foggie to Randy Marriott and an 8-yard touchdown run by Mr. Foggie, both converted by Mr. Chomyc. Mr. Ridgway kicked a 22-yard field goal with 1:57 remaining in the quarter, but Mr. Chomyc kicked a 17-yard field goal on the last play of the half. The Roughriders did all the scoring in the 3rd quarter on a 40-yard touchdown rush by Orville Lee and a 20-yard touchdown pass by running back Lucius Floyd to Don Narcisse. Mr. Ridgway converted both majors and added a 12-yard field goal in the first minute of the 4th quarter to give Saskatchewan a 30-20 lead. Mr. Chomyc kicked a 35-yard field goal to make the score 30-23, setting the stage for the last-minute excitement. Mr. Austin directed a balanced attack, as the Roughriders rushed for 200 yards and passed for 220. Milson Jones led the Saskatchewan ground game with 100 yards on 15 carries, and Mr. Lee added 58 on just 4 carries. Ray Elgaard led the Roughriders’ receivers with 6 catches for 47 yards. Mr. Austin completed just 18 of 39 passes for 170 yards and 2 interceptions. Mr. Foggie completed 13 of 29 passes for 235 yards and rushed 9 times for 121 yards. Mr. Boyd led all receivers with 81 yards on 4 receptions. The Saskatchewan defense held Argos’ star Mike "Pinball" Clemons to 16 yards on 4 rushes and 6 yards on 1 pass reception. Mr. Ridgway’s performance gave him two single-season CFL records: 57 field goals and 223 points, with 1 game remaining to add to his totals.

The Edmonton defense held the Tiger-Cats to 7 first downs and 190 yards net offense and made 3 interceptions as the Eskimos ended a 4-game losing streak before 27,434 fans on a sunny Sunday afternoon at Commonwealth Stadium. Ray Macoritti kicked 5 field goals, a convert, and 3 singles as the Eskimos came back from an 11-3 2nd-quarter deficit. Edmonton quarterback Tracy Ham directed an offense that amassed 28 first downs, 268 yards rushing, and 463 yards net offense, but could manage just 1 touchdown--a 22-yard pass from Mr. Ham to Keith Wright at 4:35 of the 4th quarter. Hamilton’s touchdown came in the 2nd quarter on a 75-yard pass from Mike Kerrigan to Earl Winfield on the first play after Mr. Macoritti had kicked a 27-yard field goal to reduce the Tiger-Cats’ lead to 4-3. Paul Osbaldiston converted Mr. Winfield’s touchdown and added 2 field goals and 2 singles. Michael Soles led the Eskimos’ rushing attack with 104 yards on 19 carries, while Mr. Ham rushed 14 times for 101 yards and Blake Marshall added 47 on 13 carries. The Eskimos limited the Tiger-Cats, to just 13 yards on 13 rushing plays. Mr. Winfield led all receivers with 127 yards on 4 receptions, while Craig Ellis led the Eskimos with 7 receptions for 111 yards. Mr. Ham completed just 14 of 34 passes for 195 yards and an interception, but he still had a better day than Mr. Kerrigan, who played the entire game despite completing just 8 of 32 passes for 177 yards and 3 interceptions. The Eskimos controlled the ball almost twice as long as the Tiger-Cats did--the difference in time of possession was 39:13 to 20:47. Hamilton’s attack was limited by the absence of 2 key players: running back Derrick McAdoo, who didn’t make the trip to Edmonton, and wide receiver Tony Champion, who was scratched from the lineup after being taken to hospital the night before the game with an inflamed gall bladder. David Adams, who replaced Mr. McAdoo, left with a pulled hamstring in the 1st quarter after rushing 3 times for 4 yards and catching 1 pass for 6.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Het is een Nacht... (Levensecht)--Guus Meeuwis & Vagant (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Fantasy--Mariah Carey (5th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)
2 Runaway--Janet Jackson
3 Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
4 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
5 As I Lay Me Down--Sophie B. Hawkins
6 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
7 Brokenhearted--Brandy
8 Roll to Me--Del Amitri
9 Carnival--Natalie Merchant
10 Tell Me--Groove Theory

Singles entering the chart were One Sweet Day by Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (#29); You Remind Me of Something by R. Kelly (#48); Hooked on You by Silk (#49); Ants Marching by the Dave Matthews Band (#51); Before You Walk Out of My Life/Like This and Like That by Monica (#58); Cell Thearapy by Goodie Mob (#59); Hook by Blues Traveler (#63); Already Missing You by Gerald and Eddie Levert, Sr. (#74); and I Wish You Well by Tom Cochrane (#89).

Disasters
289 people were killed and 270 injured in a fire in the subway system of the Azerbaijani capital of Baku. It remains the world's deadliest subway disaster.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (6-12) 25 @ British Columbia (10-8) 30

Lui Passaglia kicked a field goal late in the 3rd quarter and two more in the 4th quarter to give the Lions their win over the Roughriders before 27,464 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. running back Cory Philpot rushed 1 yard and 64 yards for touchdowns in the 1st quarter, giving him 22 TDs for the season. Robert Gordon scored the other B.C. touchdown on a 36-yard pass from Danny McManus in the 2nd quarter. Dan Farthing scored the first Saskatchewan touchdown in the 2nd quarter on a 5-yard pass from Tom Burgess, and promptly caught another pass from Mr. Burgess for a 2-point convert. Defensive back Terryl Ulmer scored the other Saskatchewan TD on a 41-yard interception return in the 3rd quarter. Paul McCallum added a convert and 3 field goals for the Roughriders, who needed to win the game to clinch the fifth and last playoff spot in the North Division.

CIAU
Saskatchewan 41 Alberta 7

Baseball
World Series
Cleveland Indians 0 @ Atlanta Braves 1 (Atlanta won best-of-seven series 4-2)

David Justice hit a home run off Jim Poole to lead off the bottom of the 6th inning, and Tom Glavine allowed just 1 hit in 8 innings to get the win as the Braves edged the Indians before 51,875 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium to win their first World Series since 1957, when the team was based in Milwaukee. The Braves became the first tean to win a World Series while being based in three different cities, having won their first World Series as the Boston Braves in 1914. Mr. Glavine, who was also the winning pitcher in game 2, was named the series' Most Valuable Player. The only Cleveland hit was a bloop single by Tony Pena leading off the 6th. Mark Wohlers pitched the 9th inning for the Braves and retired the Indians in order to earn his second save of the series.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Bob Broeg, 87
. U.S. sportswriter. Mr. Broeg was with the St. Louis Post-Dispatch for more than 40 years, and was best known for his coverage of baseball. His column Broeg on Baseball appeared in The Sporting News for many years. Mr. Broeg was inducted into the Baseball Writers Hall of Fame in 1979.

Tony Jackson, 72. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Jackson was a guard and forward who starred at St. John's University from 1958-1961 and was drafted in the first round by the New York Knickerbockers, but was barred from the National Basketball Association with several other players because of his involvement in the 1961 points-shaving scandal. He joined the Chicago Majors of the new American Basketball League, and scored 53 points--including 12 three-point shots--in a game on March 14, 1962. He was with the Majors when the ABL folded on December 31, 1962. Mr. Jackson resumed his professional career when the American Basketball Association began play in 1967. He played with the New Jersey Americans (1967-68); New York Nets (1968); Minnesota Pipers (1968); and Houston Mavericks (1968-69), and played in the 1968 ABA All-Star Game. In 138 games in the ABA, Mr. Jackson scored 2,190 points (15.9 points per game).

Richard Smalley, 62. U.S. chemist. Dr. Smalley, fellow American Robert Curl, and Sir Harold Kroto of the United Kingdom were awarded the 1996 Nobel prize in Chemistry "for their discovery of fullerenes"--a new form of carbon. He was also an advocate of nanotechnology.

Scandal
U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney's top adviser, I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, resigned after he was indicted on charges of obstruction of justice, perjury and making false statements in the scandal involving journalist Robert Novak's public identification in 2003 of Valerie Plame as a covert agent of the Central Intelligence Agency after Ms. Plame's husband, former diplomat Joseph Wilson, had recently written a series of newspaper columns criticizing the U.S.A.'s war in Iraq.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (12-5) 19 @ Edmonton (11-6) 22

Sean Fleming's fifth field goal of the game--a 36-yard kick on the final play of regulation time--gave the Eskimos their win over the Lions before 37,544 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. The winning FG came 3 minutes and 50 seconds after B.C.'s Mark McLoughlin had kicked a 44-yard field goal--his fourth FG of the game--to tie the score. Troy Davis rushed for 67 yards on 14 carries, including a 2-yard run for the only Edmonton touchdown with 1:35 remaining in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Davis also caught 5 passes for 32 yards. Geroy Simon scored the only B.C. touchdown on a 5-yard pass from Casey Printers with 8:57 left in regulation time.

Tuesday, 27 October 2015

October 27, 2015

220 years ago
1795


Diplomacy
The United States and Spain signed the Treaty of Madrid, which established the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.A.

125 years ago
1890


Baseball
World Series
Louisville Colonels 9 @ Brooklyn Bridegrooms 8 (Brooklyn led best-six-of-ten series 3-2-1)

The Colonels edged the Bridegrooms before just 600 fans at Washington Park. Scott Stratton started on the mound for the Colonels and was the winning pitcher, with relief help from Red Ehret. Adonis Terry pitched a complete game for the Bridegrooms.

80 years ago
1935


Baseball
In Mexico City, a team of American League all-stars defeated the Negro League champion Pittsburgh Crawfords 7-2 in the third in a series of exhibition games. Rogers Hornsby drove in 3 runs off losing pitcher Bert Hunter.

75 years ago
1940


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Red-Headed League

Politics and government
General Juan Andrew Almazon, in exile in New York, declared that he would take the presidency of Mexico by December 1, 1940.

Economics and finance
The New York Times reported that 150 industrial companies had increased earnings by 31.9% in the first nine months of 1940 from the same period in 1939.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Till the End of Time--Perry Como (7th week at #1)

Politics and government
The Dutch government ordered Netherlands East Indies acting Governor General Hubertus van Mook to begin negotiations with Indonesian independence leaders.

Defense
In Navy Day ceremonies in New York City, U.S. President Harry Truman commissioned the 45,000-ton aircraft carrier Roosevelt, and stated that U.S. military strength would be used to maintain world peace, establish "peaceful, democratic governments" in the former Axis countries, and ensure equal access for all countries to "the trade and raw materials of the world."

Economics and finance
U.S. Congressional conferees agreed on a tax reduction bill of $5.9 billion, repealing the excess profits tax and the automobile use tax, and reducing corporate and individual income taxes.

Labour
General Motors asked the Congress of Industrial Organizations to join in petitioning the United States Congress to extend the work week from 40-45 hours, assuring a general wage increase of 6%.

Agriculture
British politician Sir John Boyd Orr was elected director general of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, meeting in Quebec City.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (5-1) 31 @ Montreal (1-5) 6
Ottawa (5-1) 16 @ Hamilton (1-5) 0

Royal Copeland set an Interprovincial Rugby Football Union record for a single game with 4 touchdown receptions as the Argonauts routed the Hornets at Molson Stadium. It was the last game for the Montreal club under that name; they became the Alouettes in 1946, and played their home games at Royals Stadium from 1946-1953.

60 years ago
1955


At the movies
Rebel Without a Cause, starring James Dean, Natalie Wood, and Sal Mineo, opened in theatres, 27 days after Mr. Dean's death in a car accident.

Football
WIFU
Directors of the British Columbia Lions voted 13-10 to fire head coach Annis Stukus, despite the improvement in the team's record from 1-15 in its inaugural season in 1954 to 5-11 in 1955. His three-year contract was due to expire on December 15, 1955.

50 years ago
1965


Football
CFL
Winnipeg (11-5) 22 @ Calgary (11-4) 0

Art Perkins scored 2 touchdowns and Farrell Funston added another as the Blue Bombers blanked the Stampeders before 22,266 fans at McMahon Stadium, handing the Stampeders their first shutout since 1956. Norm Winton converted all 3 touchdowns.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals traded first baseman Bill White, shortstop Dick Groat, and catcher Bob Uecker to the Philadelphia Phillies for pitcher Art Mahaffey, outfielder Alex Johnson, and catcher Pat Corrales. Mr. White batted .289 with 24 home runs and 73 runs batted in in 148 games with the Cardinals in 1965, and was awarded a Gold Glove for his fielding for the sixth straight season. Mr. Groat hit .254 with no homers and 52 RBIs in 153 games, while Mr. Uecker hit .228 with 2 homers and 10 RBIs in 53 games. Mr. Mahaffey was 2-5 with an earned run average of 6.21 in 22 games with the Phillies in 1965, while Mr. Johnson batted .294 with 8 home runs and 28 RBIs in 97 games, and Mr. Corrales hit .224 with 2 home runs and 15 runs batted in in 63 games with Philadelphia and .188 with no homers and 4 RBIs in 28 games with Arkansas of the AAA Pacific Coast League.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do--ABBA (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ichigo Hakusho wo Mou Ichido--Bang Bang

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Bella Sin Alma--Richard Cocciante (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Rex Stout, 88
. U.S. author. Mr. Stout was best known for creating the detective Rex Stout, the main character in 33 novels and 40 novellas published from 1934-1975.

Robert Poulin, 18. Canadian murderer; Kim Rabot, 17. Canadian murder victim. Mr. Poulin, a student at St. Pius X Catholic High School in Ottawa, raped Miss Rabot, a fellow student and acquaintance, tying her to the bedpost in his bedroom in his family home, and then stabbed her to death. He then set fire to the home, but only the basement was burned. Mr. Poulin, a member of the militia, then took a sawed-off shotgun to school and opened fire on a crowded religion class. Six students were wounded, and one, Mark Hough, 18, died a month later. Mr. Poulin then went into the hallway and shot himself to death. It was the second school shooting in Canada in 1975; Michael Slobodian had shot and killed two people before shooting himself at Brampton Centennial Secondary School in Brampton, Ontario on May 28.

Football
NFL
Minnesota (6-0) 13 @ Chicago (1-5) 9

25 years ago
1985


Crime
Five gunmen robbed the Marmottan Museum in Paris, stealing nine Impressionist paintings valued at US$12.5 million. The paintings included Claude Monet's Impression Sunrise and Pierre Auguste Renoir's Bathers.

Labour
United Automobile Workers in the United States ratified an agreement with Chrysler Corporation that provided for wage increases and a lump-sum payment from 2-3% through 1987.

Football
CFL
Montreal (7-8) 17 @ Toronto (5-10) 3
British Columbia (12-3) 42 @ Edmonton (10-5) 29

The Concordes scored 2 touchdowns in the last 2 minutes and 46 seconds of the game to defeat the Argonauts and eliminate them from playoff contention. Roy Kurtz kicked a 37-yard field goal for Montreal in the 1st quarter, while Hank Ilesic punted for singles in each of the first 3 quarters. The Argonauts had chances to score, but a 27-yard field goal attempt by Lance Chomyc was blocked in the 2nd quarter, and a few minutes later, Toronto quarterback Condredge Holloway marched the team from their own 24-yard line to the Montreal 19, but Greg Holmes fumbled after catching a pass, and the Concordes recovered. Turner Gill, who replaced Joe Barnes at quarterback after the starter left with an ankle injury in the 2nd quarter, drove the Concordes downfield and handed off to Tony Johns for a 7-yard touchdown run, converted by Mr. Kurtz, with 2:46 remaining, for the game’s first touchdown. The Argonauts came up short on a third-down gamble, and Montreal put the game away with a 60-yard touchdown rush by Alan Reid, converted by Mr. Kurtz, with 56 seconds remaining. It was a successful debut for Gary Durchik, who had taken over as head coach of the Concordes a few days earlier when general manager Joe Galat had fired head coach Joe Galat. Mr. Reid led all rushers with 90 yards on 12 carries, while Mr. Johns rushed 8 times for 46 yards and caught 8 passes for 79. Walter Bender led the Argonauts with 50 yards on 11 carries. Terry Greer caught 5 passes for 106 yards and passed Dick Shatto to become the Argonauts’ career leader with 6,713 yards receiving. Mr. Greer’s last reception of the game was the 400th of his CFL career. Mr. Gill completed 21 of 30 passes for 176 yards, while Mr. Barnes was 5 for 10 for 59 yards. Mr. Holloway was 19 for 33 for 251 yards. 28,837 were in attendance at Exhibition Stadium.

Roy Dewalt threw touchdown passes to Merv Fernandez and Jim Sandusky in the last 7½ minutes of the 4th quarter as the Lions eliminated the Eskimos from contention for first place in the Western Division before 48,193 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Dewalt, playing one of the best games of his career, completed touchdown passes of 36 and 20 yards to Mr. Fernandez in the 1st quarter and another of 13 yards to John Pankratz in the 2nd quarter as the Lions built a 28-7 halftime lead. The Eskimos drew first blood on a 38-yard touchdown pass from Matt Dunigan to Chris Woods, converted by Tom Dixon, at 9:57 of the 1st quarter. The Lions then took control, scoring 14 points in each of the first 2 quarters. The 2nd quarter belonged to Lui Passaglia: he scored a single; rushed 68 yards on a fake punt to set up Mr. Pankratz’s touchdown; converted the touchdown; kicked a 42-yard field goal with 2:07 remaining until halftime; and kicked another 42-yard field goal with 2 seconds left. The Eskimos came to life in the 2nd half; Mr. Dunigan rushed 7 yards for a touchdown at 6:45 of the 3rd quarter, and Mr. Dixon converted and punted for a single to make the score 28-15 after 3 quarters. Mr. Dunigan then connected with Brian Kelly for a 12-yard touchdown pass at 1:13 of the 4th quarter, and followed with a 13-yard touchdown pass to Milson Jones at 3:40. Mr. Dixon converted both, giving the Eskimos a 29-28 lead. However, Mr. Dewalt completed a 10-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Fernandez, converted by Mr. Passaglia, at 7:40, and put the game away with a 68-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Sandusky, converted by Mr. Passaglia, at 12:17. Mr. Dewalt completed 21 of 32 passes for 302 yards and 5 touchdowns; Mr. Dunigan was 19 for 34 for 246 yards and 3 touchdowns. Mr. Fernandez, who became only the second visiting player to catch 3 touchdown passes in a game at Commonwealth Stadium (Eugene Goodlow of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers did it in 1982), caught 6 passes for 124 yards; Mr. Sandusky caught 4 for 100. Mr. Woods led the Eskimos with 6 catches for 92 yards, while Mr. Kelly caught 6 for 83. Mr. Dunigan led all rushers with 83 yards on 11 carries; Mr. Passaglia and John Henry White each had 68 yards rushing for the Lions, although it took Mr. White 16 carries to reach that total. Keyvan Jenkins, the Lions’ leading rusher, left early in the game with a season-ending knee injury after carrying 3 times for 4 yards, and finished the season with 964 yards.

Baseball
World Series
St. Louis Cardinals 0 @ Kansas City Royals 11 (Kansas City won best-of-seven series 4-3)

The Royals scored 2 runs in the 2nd inning, 3 in the 3rd, and 6 in the 5th, and Bret Saberhagen pitched a 5-hitter for his second complete game victory of the World Series as the Royals routed the Cardinals before 41,658 fans at Royals Stadium to win the first World Series in the team’s history. St. Louis ace John Tudor lasted just 2 1/3 innings, and was succeeded by 6 relief pitchers. Daryl Motley hit the game’s only home run, with a man on base.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Bust a Move--Young MC

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Easy come, easy go!--B'z (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Scandalo--Gianna Nannini (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Can't Stand It--Twenty 4 Seven (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Verdammt, ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim

#1 single in France (SNEP): Kingston Town--UB40 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Verdammt, ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): A Little Time--The Beautiful South

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Black Cat--Janet Jackson

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Don’t Have the Heart--James Ingram
2 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
3 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice
4 Praying for Time--George Michael
5 Suicide Blonde--INXS
6 Giving You the Benefit--Pebbles
7 Everybody Everybody--Black Box
8 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
9 Can’t Stop--After 7
10 Close to You--Maxi Priest

Singles entering the chart were Freedom by George Michael (#50); Wherever Would I Be by Cheap Trick (#75); Fairweather Friend by John Gill (#80); So Hard by Pet Shop Boys (#85); Love is the Ritual by Styx (#88); and For You by Outfield (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Praying for Time--George Michael
2 Something Happened on the Way to Heaven--Phil Collins
3 Suicide Blonde--INXS
4 Heart of Stone--Taylor Dayne
5 More than Words Can Say--Alias
6 Close to You--Maxi Priest
7 Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers
8 Say a Prayer--Breathe
9 Release Me--Wilson Phillips
10 Oh Girl--Paul Young

Singles entering the chart were The Time of Day by Gino Vannelli (#54); Miracle by Jon Bon Jovi (#69); Impulsive by Wilson Phillips (#81); I'm Your Baby Tonight by Whitney Houston (#85); Show Me Heaven by Maria McKee (#86); Unbelievable by Bob Dylan (#89); Cherry Pie by Warrant (#91); Celebrate Love by Myles Hunter (#92); Love Thing by Sue Medley (#95); Tear it Up by Michael McDonald (#96); and Ice Ice Baby by Vanilla Ice (#98). Show Me Heaven was from the movie Days of Thunder (1990).

Died on this date
Xavier Cugat, 90
. Spanish-born U.S. bandleader. Mr. Cugat, born Francisco de Asís Javier Cugat Mingall de Bru y Deulofeu, moved to Cuba with his family at the age of 5 and to the United States at the age of 15. He led the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel's orchestra in New York City for 16 years, covering the time before and after World War II.

Sophie of Hohenberg, 89. Austrian princess. Princess Sophie was the only daughter of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohengerg, whose assassinations triggered World War I.

Elliott Roosevelt, 80. U.S. military officer. Brigadier General Roosevelt was the fourth child and third son of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He served in teh United States Army Air Corps in World War II, rising to the rank of Brigadier General and becoming a pilot despite poor eyesight. Brig. Gen. Roosevelt was involved in numerous scandals, but was never charged with anything.

Ugo Tognazzi, 68. Italian actor. Mr. Tognazzi appeared in such movies as Barbarella (1968) and La Cage aux Folles (1978).

Jacques Demy, 59. French film director. Mr. Demy's movies included Lola (1961); Les Parapluies de Cherbourg (1964); and Les Demoiselles de Rochefort (1967). Mr. Demy died of AIDS.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate voted 54-45 and the House of Representatives 228-200 to approve a bill designed to reduce deficits by nearly $500 billion over five years. A majority of Republican members of both houses opposed the bill, but President George Bush said he would sign it. Under the bill, the top tax rate would rise from 28%-31%, and exemptions for upper-income Americans would be phased out. The gasoline tax would jump from 9 cents per gallon to 14c, and the cigarette tax would rise from 16c-24c per pack. The tax on a six-pack of beer would double to 32c. A luxury tax would be imposed on aircraft, cars, boats, furs, and jewellery.

Environment
The United States Congress passed the 1990 Clean Air Act, a comprehensive updating of the original Clean Air Act of 1970. The bill, which President George Bush said he would sign, set an oerall annual level of emissions of sulfur dioxide from power plants at less than half of current emissions, with a target date of 2000. In another effort to eliminate acid rain, nitrogen oxide emissions would be cut by 1/3. Oil companies would be required to develop new types of gasoline that burn more cleanly, and cities would have to reduce concentration of ozone, a component of smog. The bill would halt production of chemicals that threatened the earth's ozone shield.

Football
CFL
Calgary (10-6-1) 54 @ British Columbia (5-11-1) 29

Danny Barrett threw 4 touchdown passes in the 1st half as the Stampeders jumped out to a 39-10 lead after just 5 minutes and 6 seconds of the 2nd quarter, and coasted from there. Derrick Crawford caught 2 of Mr. Barrett's touchdown strikes and caught another touchdown pass from backup quarterback Rick Worman in the 4th quarter. David McCrary returned an interception 17 yards for a Calgary touchdown in the 1st quarter, and Tony Cherry rushed 1 yard for another Calgary touchdown on the last play of the 3rd quarter. Mark McLoughlin added 7 converts, a field goal, and 2 singles. Lorenzo Graham rushed for 2 B.C. touchdowns, while third-string quarterback Major Harris completed a 15-yard pass to Tony Hunter with 1:02 remaining in the game for his first CFL touchdown pass. Tony Martino added a convert, 3 field goals, and a single. The Lions were unsuccessful on 2-point convert attempts on their last 2 touchdowns. Mr. Barrett completed 12 of 22 passes for 268 yards; Mr. Worman was 3 for 3 for 57 yards, and Terrence Jones was 3 for 4 for 32. B.C. quarterbacks Doug Flutie, Joe Paopao, and Mr. Harris combined to complete 17 of 39 passes for 278 yards. B.C.'s Jay Christensen led all receivers with 6 receptions for 139 yards. Mr. Crawford led the Stampeders with 110 yards on 4 receptions, while PeeWee Smith caught 3 for 90 and Mr. Pitts caught 5 for 67. 22,668 were in attendance at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

Diplomacy
Latvia applied for membership in the European Union.

Scandal
Former Italian Prime Minister Bettino Craxi was convicted in absentia of corruption.

Football
CFL
Calgary (15-3) 22 @ Toronto (4-14) 31

Kent Austin threw touchdown passes to Rob Crifo and Paul Masotti and handed off to Mike "Pinball" Clemons for another TD as the Argonauts upset the Stampeders before a National Unity Night crowd of 23,196 at SkyDome. Mr. Masotti caught 10 passes for 244 yards, and it was his 45-yard touchdown reception late in the game that clinched the victory for Toronto. Calgary quarterback Shawn Moore completed touchdown passes to PeeWee Smith and Vince Danielsen. For Toronto's Bob O'Billovich, the game was his last as a head coach in the CFL, and it was Mr. Austin's last game in a Toronto uniform.

10 years ago
2005


Protest
Riots began in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.

Law
White House counsel Harriet Miers withdrew her nomination to the Supreme Court of the United States after three weeks of criticism from fellow conservatives.

Medicine
Surgeons in France performed the world's first partial face transplant on a woman who had been mauled by a dog.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (4-13) 11 @ Toronto (11-6) 34

Sunday, 25 October 2015

October 26, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sveta!

375 years ago
1640


Diplomacy
The Treaty of Ripon was signed, restoring peace between Scotland and King Charles I of England. The issue was whether episcopacy--favoured by the Crown--or presbyterianism--favoured by the Scottish Covenanters--would be the form of church government.

240 years ago
1775


War
King George III of Great Britain went before Parliament to declare the American colonies in rebellion, and authorized a military response to quell the American Revolution.

190 years ago
1825


Transportation
The Erie Canal opened, connecting Lake Erie and the Hudson River in upstate New York.

120 years ago
1895


Football
ORFU
Second Round
Osgoode Hall 5 @ Queen's College 21 (Queen's College won 2-game, total points series 36-20)
Hamilton 15 @ University of Toronto 14 (University of Toronto won 2-game, total points series 30-27)

110 years ago
1905


Europeana
Sweden accepted the independence of Norway.

80 years ago
1935

Football

IRFU
Hamilton (4-2) 10 @ Ottawa (2-4) 3
Montreal (0-6) 12 @ Toronto (6-0) 18

Baseball
Rogers Hornsby drove in 3 runs as a team of American League all-stars defeated the Negro League champion Pittsburgh Crawfords 11-7 in the second in a series of exhibition games in Mexico City.

75 years ago
1940


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Only Forever--Bing Crosby (2nd week at #1)

War
Reports from Tokyo indicated that Japan was willing to make concessions to the U.S.S.R. in order to remove Soviet pressure from the Far East.

Diplomacy
The Italian government of Duce Benito Mussolini accused Grece of sponsoring armed attacks on the Albanian border and terrorist plots in Porto Edda. French Prime Minister Marshal Henri Petain announced the Vichy regime's support, in principle, of German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's aims in a European peace. Meanwhile, Marchal Petain's Vice-President of the Council of Ministers, Pierre Laval, met with Italian Foreign Minister Count Ciano at Vichy to discuss Mr. Hitler's "Pan-European bloc" and plans to force the United Kingdom to make peace.

Defense
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang fighter plane made its maiden flight.

Journalism
The government of India announced a ban on the publication of any statements opposing the British war effort.

Football
IRFU
Hamilton (1-3) 12 @ Montreal (1-3) 7
Ottawa (3-1) 9 @ Toronto (3-1) 11

Baseball
Hank Greenberg of the Detroit Tigers was named the Most Valuable Player in the American League for 1940. Cleveland Indians’ pitcher Bob Feller was second in the voting.

70 years ago
1945


At the movies
Pursuit to Algiers, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, opened in theatres.

War
British Indian troops repelled a heavy attack by Annamese forces on Saigon.

Academia
The Association of Colleges and Universities of New York asked U.S. President Harry Truman for selective service deferment for science and engineering students to alleviate shortages.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Les Lavandières du Portugal--Jacqueline François (4th week at #1)

Defense
After the last Allied troops had left the country and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, Austria declared her permanent neutrality.

Politics and government
Ngô Đình Diệm declared himself Premier of South Vietnam.

50 years ago
1965


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: All the Scared Rabbits, with guest stars Suzanne Pleshette, R.G. Armstrong, and Liam Sullivan

Died on this date
Sylvia Likens, 16
. U.S. murder victim. Miss Likens and her sister Jenny were the daughters of carnival workers in Indiana who were left by their parents to board with Gertrude Baniszewski in Indianapolis for several months. Miss Likens was tortured to death by Ms. Baniszewski, Ms. Baniszewski's children, and other young people in the neighbourhood until she was finally beaten to death.

Diplomacy
The Organization of African States Conference concluded in the Ghanaian capital of Accra. The conference had been boycotted by seven French-speaking nations because Ghanaian President Kwame Nkrumah was aiding subversives in their countries.

Politics and government
Horace King became the first Speaker of the British House of Commons to come from the Labour Party, succeeding the late Sir Harry Hylton-Foster.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Elbridge "Al" Bryant, 36
. U.S. singer. Mr. Bryant was a founding member of the Elgins in 1960, who soon changed their name to the Temptations before joining the Motown corporation. A volatile personality and a drinking problem led to Mr. Bryant being fired from the group late in 1963; he performed with several other Detroit-based groups in later years, but eventually drank himself to death.

Diplomacy
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat began a 10-day visit to the United States to seek economic and military assistance, becoming the first Egyptian President to visit the U.S.A.

Politics and government
The Tanganyika Africa National Union (Tanganyika) and Afro-Shirazi Party (Zanzibar) combined to win all 223 seats in the National Assembly in the Tanzanian general election.

Football
CFL
Calgary (5-10) 20 @ Montreal (9-6) 26
Winnipeg (6-7-2) 41 @ Edmonton (11-4) 48

Sonny Wade completed 11 of 18 passes for 169 yards and 2 touchdowns to Johnny Rodgers as the Alouettes came back from a 17-0 halftime deficit to defeat the Stampeders before 21,760 fans at Autostade. Calgary quarterback Joe Pisarcik threw touchdown passes to Henry Sovio in the 1st quarter and Willie Burden in the 2nd quarter. Cyril McFall converted both Calgary TDs and added 2 field goals, including one in the 4th quarter that gave the Stampeders a 20-18 lead. Steve Ferrughelli scored the other Montreal touchdown on a 4-yard rush with 1:08 remaining in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Wade connected with Peter Dalla Riva and Joe Petty for 2-point converts on the first and third Montreal touchdowns, respectively, while Mr. Dalla Riva was stopped just short of the goal line on a 2-point convert attempt after Mr. Ferrughelli's TD. The winning touchdown pass, covering 13 yards, came with 6:10 remaining in the game. Mr. Rodgers rushed 3 times for 35 yards, caught 2 passes for 50 yards, and returned 5 punts for 53 yards. He also had a 109-yard punt return TD early in the game called back on a penalty. Montreal defensive back Dickie Harris returned 4 punts for 118 yards--including a return of 78 yards--and 3 kickoffs for 101 yards, including a 45-yard return to set up the winning touchdown. Mr. Burden rushed for 103 yards on 22 carries, caught 1 pass for 35 yards and a touchdown, and returned a kickoff 23 yards.

The Eskimos made just 12 first downs, but scored 3 touchdowns on special teams and another on defense as they held on to defeat the Blue Bombers before 25,367 fans in a snowstorm at Clarke Stadium to clinch first place in the Western Football Conference for the third straight year. The teams combined to score 32 points in the 2nd quarter and 40 in the 3rd quarter, but none in the 4th quarter. Edmonton defensive back Larry Highbaugh returned the opening kickoff 109 yards for a touchdown, and teammate Mike Fink returned another punt 58 yards for a TD less than 6 minutes later. Mr. Highbaugh returned a missed field goal 116 yards for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter, and defensive end Bill Stevenson, playing just his second CFL game, returned a fumble 30 yards for a touchdown 37 seconds into the 2nd half. Tom Wilkinson started at quarterback for the Eskimos and connected with George McGowan for a 53-yard touchdown 28 seconds into the 2nd quarter. Mr. Wilkinson soon suffered a broken nose and was relieved by Bruce Lemmerman, who completed an 80-yard touchdown pass to John Konihowski later in the quarter. Dave Cutler added 6 converts and 2 field goals to give him 157 points for the season, breaking the league record set by Tommy-Joe Coffey of the Hamilton Tiger-Cat in 1969. Mr. Cutler's field goals gave him 36 for the season, tying the league record set a year earlier by Gerry Organ of the Ottawa Rough Riders. Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock had the best game of his career so far, completing 23 of 48 passed for 407 yards and touchdowns to Pete Ribbins, Mark McDonald, Jim Washington, and Bob LaRose. Mr. LaRose had his best game of the season, catching 10 passes for 219 yards, with a pair of 2-point converts to go with his touchdown. Mr. McDonald caught 5 passes for 93 yards. Mr. Washington rushed 10 times for 45 yards, including a 3-yard touchdown on the last play of the 1st half. Don Layton, playing his first CFL game, led the Edmonton ground game with 41 yards on 7 carries. Mr. McGowan caught 3 passes for 100 yards and Mr. Konihowski caught 2 for 95. It was also the first CFL game for Edmonton guard Solomon Freelon and Winnipeg defensive back Marion Reeves. Many of the Blue Bombers wore jerseys and helmets borrowed from the University of Alberta, after the visitors' locker room had been robbed the night before the game.

NFL
San Francisco (2-4) 16 @ New England (2-4) 24
Baltimore (2-4) 45 @ New York Jets (2-4) 28
Dallas (5-1) 20 @ Philadelphia (1-5) 17
Cincinnati (6-0) 21 @ Atlanta (2-4) 14
Washington (4-2) 23 @ Cleveland (0-6) 7
Denver (3-3) 13 @ Kansas City (3-3) 26
Pittsburgh (5-1) 16 Green Bay (1-5) 13 @ Milwaukee
Detroit (3-3) 8 @ Houston (5-1) 24
Miami (5-1) 35 @ Buffalo (4-2) 30
San Diego (0-6) 0 @ Oakland (4-2) 25
New Orleans (1-5) 14 @ Los Angeles (5-1) 38

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Into the Groove--Madonna (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Only Love--Nana Mouskouri

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ticket to the Tropics--Gerard Joling

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Saving All My Love for You--Whitney Houston

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Take On Me--A-Ha (2nd week at #1)
2 Money for Nothing--Dire Straits
3 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
4 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer
5 Saving All My Love for You--Whitney Houston
6 Oh Sheila--Ready for the World
7 Head Over Heels--Tears for Fears
8 Cherish--Kool & The Gang
9 I’m Goin’ Down--Bruce Springsteen
10 Fortress Around Your Heart--Sting

Singles entering the chart were Election Day by Arcadia (#42); Wrap Her Up by Elton John (#48); Do it for Love by Sheena Easton (#71); Emergency by Kool & The Gang (#76); You're a Friend of Mine by Clarence Clemons and Jackson Browne (#82); Charm the Snake by Christopher Cross (#85); Too Young by Jack Wagner (#87); Everybody Dance by Ta Mara and The Seen (#88); Home Sweet Home by Motley Crue (#89); and Shock by the Motels (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Money for Nothing--Dire Straits
2 Cherish--Kool & The Gang
3 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
4 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer
5 Dancing in the Street--Mick Jagger and David Bowie
6 Take on Me--A-Ha
7 Lonely Ol' Night--John Cougar Mellencamp
8 I Got You Babe--UB40 with Chrissie Hynde
9 St. Elmo’s Fire (Man in Motion)--John Parr
10 Boy in the Box--Corey Hart

Singles entering the chart were Situation Critical by Platinum Blonde (#77); Tarzan Boy by Baltimora (#81); Broken Wings by Mr. Mister (#93); Live is Life by Opus (#94); and Lover Come Back to Me by Dead or Alive (#96).

World events
The day after Argentine President Raul Alfonsin ordered new warrants for the arrest of 12 people suspected in a recent wave of bombings, a judge ordered six of the arrested suspects released because of insufficient evidence.

Australiana
The Australian government returned ownership of Uluru--aka Ayers Rock--in Northern Territory to the local Pitjantjatjara Aborigines.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (7-8) 36 @ Ottawa (7-8) 4

The Tiger-Cats made 6 interceptions off Rough Rider quarterbacks J.C. Watts and Troy Bodine, one of which was returned 34 yards for a touchdown by Mark Streeter early in the 3rd quarter. The interceptions--including 2 each by Paul Bennett and Less Browne, and 1 by Donovan Rose--gave Hamilton a CFL single-season record of 45. The Hamilton defense also recorded 9 sacks against the Ottawa quarterbacks. Paul Bennett scored the first touchdown of the game on a 99-yard punt return in the 1st quarter; he was already the CFL’s career leader in punt return yardage, but this was the only touchdown he ever scored on a punt return. Hamilton’s offensive touchdowns came on passes of 12 and 9 yards from Ken Hobart to Steve Stapler. Bernie Ruoff added 4 converts, 2 field goals, and 2 singles. Dean Dorsey kicked a 9-yard field goal early in the 2nd quarter to get the Rough Riders on the scoreboard, and Ken Clark finished the scoring with a 49-yard punt single in the 4th quarter. Johnny Shepherd of the Tiger-Cats led all rushers with 20 carries for 87 yards, while Lester Brown led the Rough Riders with 71 yards on 16 carries. Ottawa slotback Mike Hudson led all receivers with 71 yards on 5 receptions. 23,692 were in attendance at Lansdowne Park.

Baseball
World Series
St. Louis Cardinals 1 @ Kansas City Royals 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

A disputed play at first base began a 2-run rally in the bottom of the 9th inning that enabled the Royals to defeat the Cardinals before 41,628 fans at Royals Stadium. Pinch hitter Jorge Orta led off with a ground ball and appeared to be out at first base, but first base umpire Don Denkinger called him safe, prompting a furious protest by the Cardinals. The next batter, Steve Balboni, hit a foul pop fly that St. Louis first baseman Jack Clark lost sight of. Mr. Balboni then singled Mr. Orta to second base. St. Louis catcher Darrell Porter allowed a passed ball, moving the runners to second and third bases. Pinch hitter Hal McRae was intentionally walked to load the bases. Pinch hitter Dane Iorg singled with 1 out, driving in 2 runs to win the game. Charlie Leibrandt started on the mound for the Royals and pitched 7 2/3 innings before giving way to Dan Quisenberry, who was credited with the win. Danny Cox started for the Cardinals and pitched 7 innings. Ken Dayley pitched the 8th and Todd Worrell, who entered the game to pitch the 9th, took the loss.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

World events
A report published by the Israeli commission investigating the October 8 shooting of Palestinian demonstrators by Israeli police at Jerusalem’s Temple Mount criticized Israeli commanders for not having prepared for the possibility of trouble. The commission blamed the tragedy on the Palestinians who had "deviated from the intended purpose of the holy place," even though it acknowledged that the Jewish Temple Mount Faithful worshippers, who had declared their intention to raze the Dome of the Rock--a Muslim holy site--had long since fled the scene before police opened fire. The report was attacked by critics as a whitewash.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Lucky Love--Ace of Base

Died on this date
Fathi Shaqaqi, 44
. Palestinian terrorist leader. Mr. Shaqaqi, co-founder and Secretary-General of Islamic Jihad, was assassinated in front of the Diplomat Hotel in Sliema, Malta by two gunmen with the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (13-5) 25 @ Memphis (9-9) 14

The Eskimos scored 2 touchdowns in the 4th quarter to clinch their victory over the Mad Dogs before 12,078 fans at Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium, eliminating Memphis from playoff contention. Edmonton led 11-8 after 3 quarters, with the only touchdown coming on a 7-yard pass from Chris Vargas to Chris George with 29 seconds left in the 1st half. For Mr. George, it was the only touchdown of his brief CFL career. In the 4th quarter, Mr. Vargas pitched out to receiver Eddie Brown, who threw downfield to Jim Sandusky for a 78-yard touchdown. Mr. Vargas later passed 2 yards to Marc Tobert for the game's final touchdown. Nick Mystrom kicked 4 field goals and 2 singles for the Mad Dogs. Gerry Collins, in his first game as an Eskimo after being released by the Ottawa Rough Riders, rushed 12 times for 54 yards, caught 4 passes for 11 yards, and returned 3 kickoffs for 37 yards. It was the last CFL game ever played in Memphis, and the last game ever played by the Mad Dogs.

Baseball
World Series
Atlanta Braves 4 @ Cleveland Indians 5 (Atlanta led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Albert Belle hit a 2-run home run in the 1st inning, and Jim Thome hit a solo homer in the 8th to provide the winning margin as the Indians held off a 2-run 9th-inning rally to defeat the Braves before 43,595 fans at Jacobs Field. Orel Hershiser allowed 5 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 8 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Greg Maddux, who allowed 7 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 7 innings,

10 years ago
2005


Baseball
Chicago White Sox 1 @ Houston Astros 0 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Freddy Garcia and three relief pitchers combined for a 5-hitter as the White Sox edged the Astros before 42,936 fans at Minute Maid Park to win the World Series for the first time since 1917. Houston starting pitcher Brandon Backe allowed 5 hits and no runs through 7 innings, striking out 7, but was relieved by Brad Lidge to start the 8th. Pinch hitter Willie Harris singled and eventually scored on a 2-out single by Jermaine Dye. In the bottom of the 9th, Bobby Jenks took the mound for Chicago and allowed a leadoff single by Jason Lane, who advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt by Brad Ausmus. Chicago shortstop Juan Uribe then fell into the stands to catch a pop fly by pinch hitter Chris Burke, and pinch hitter Orlando Palmeiro grounded out to shortstop to end the series. Mr. Garcia allowed 4 hits and 3 bases on balls in 7 innings to get the win, striking out 7. Mr. Dye, who batted .438 with a home run and 3 runs batted in in the four games, was named the series' Most Valuable Player.