250 years ago
The Stamp Act Congress, meeting in New York, adopted the Declaration of Rights and Grievances.
210 years ago
Austrian General Konrad Mack von Leiberich surrendered his army to the Grande Armée of Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Ulm in Bavaria. 30,000 prisoners were captured, and 10,000 casualties inflicted on the losers.
120 years ago
Second Round (First games of 2-game, total points series)
University of Toronto 16 @ Hamilton 2
Queen's College 15 @ Osgoode Hall 15
80 years ago
The League of Nations placed economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
Toronto (5-0) 14 @ Montreal (0-5) 7
Ottawa (2-3) 12 @ Hamilton (3-2) 23
75 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Only Forever--Bing Crosby
Toronto (2-1) 6 @ Ottawa (3-0) 41
Montreal (1-2) 9 @ Hamilton (0-3) 4
70 years ago
Died on this date
Plutarco Elías Calles, 68. 40th President of Mexico, 1924-1928. Mr. Calles was aligned with the Labourist Party when he was elected President after running a populist campaign. He initially governed in accord with his campaign promises, but the last two years of his presidency were marked by violent anti-Catholic rule. Mr. Calles founded the Partido de la Revolución Mexicana (Party of the Mexican Revolution, or PRM) in 1929, which eventually became the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).
N. C. Wyeth, 62. U.S. artist. Mr. Wyeth created 3,000 paintings, but was best known for illustrating 112 books. He and his grandson were killed when the car Mr. Wyeth was driving was struck by a train, three days before his 63rd birthday.
The Canadian Parliament unanimously ratified Canada's signing of the United Nations charter and establishment under UN auspices of an International Court of Justice at The Hague.
An army revolt in Venezuela ousted President Isaias Medina Angarita; a seven-man junta was named to rule the country.
60 years ago
#1 single in France (IFOP): Les Lavandières du Portugal--Jacqueline François (3rd week at #1)
Bud Smith (31-13-6) retained his world lightweight championship with a unanimous 15-round decision over former champion Jimmy Carter (72-20-9) before 6,693 fans at Cincinnati Gardens. Mr. Smith had taken the title from Mr. Carter on a 15-round split decision less than four months earlier. The successful title defense proved to be Mr. Smith's last win; he lost his last 11 fights before retiring in 1958.
50 years ago
On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Three Cheers for Little Boy Blue, with guest stars Richard Anderson, Ed Asner, and Fay Spain
Three days of street fighting in the Dominican Republic's capital of Santo Domingo concluded.
British Columbia (6-7-1) 14 @ Ottawa (7-5) 35
Russ Jackson failed to complete any of his first 6 passes, but recovered to throw 3 touchdown passes to lead the Rough Riders over the Lions before 18,537 fans at Lansdowne Park.
40 years ago
At the movies
Hester Street, directed by Joan Micklin Silver and starring Carol Kane, opened in theatres.
Toronto (4-9-1) 18 @ Montreal (8-6) 11
Ottawa (9-5-1) 25 @ Winnipeg (6-6-2) 25
Edmonton (10-4) 27 @ Saskatchewan (10-4-1) 36
Chuck Ealey, in his first game at quarterback for Toronto since being acquired from the Winnipeg Blue Bombers several days earlier, completed 15 of 24 passes for 200 yards, including a 3-yard touchdown pass to Dave Hadden with 1:31 remaining in the 3rd quarter to help the Argonauts defeat the Alouettes before 22,323 fans at Autostade. Zenon Andrusyshyn added 3 field goals for Toronto, and fielded a fumbled snap and passed 5 yards to Tom Pullen for a 2-point convert on Mr. Hadden's touchdown. Don Sweet opened the scoring for Montreal with a 10-yard field goal in the 1st quarter, but the Alouettes didn't score again until Sonny Wade completed a 63-yard touchdown pass to Johnny Rodgers and a 5-yard pass to Peter Dalla Riva for a 2-point convert with 3:08 remaining in the game.
Tom Clements passed 5 yards to Tony Gabriel for a touchdown and 5 yards to Moody Jackson for a 2-point convert with 4 seconds remaining in the game to give the Rough Riders their tie against the Blue Bombers before 23,721 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Mr. Clements also completed a 6-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Gabriel in the 1st quarter and handed off to Art Green for a 1-yard TD in the 2nd quarter. Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock completed a 47-yard touchdown pass to Tom Walker in the 1st quarter and Tom Scott rushed 3 yards for another Winnipeg TD in the 2nd quarter. Winnipeg defensive back Jim Daniels made the CFL's longest interception return of 1975 when he intercepted a pass from Mr. Clements and went 81 yards for a touchdown early in the 4th quarter to break a 17-17 tie. The tie prevented the Blue Bombers from clinching the third and final playoff spot in the Western Football Conference.
Ron Lancaster completed a 73-yard touchdown pass to Steve Mazurak with 3:48 remaining in the 2nd quarter and a 31-yard TD pass to Mr. Mazurak just 1:41 later as the Roughriders beat the Eskimos before 22,628 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Mr. Lancaster also threw to Rhett Dawson for a 27-yard touchdown in the 4th quarter. Saskatchewan fullback George Reed rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 1st quarter; he left the game in the 4th quarter after injuring his shoulder, but not before setting a league record with his 305th carry of the season. His substitute, Steve Molnar, promptly rushed 11 yards for a touchdown with 2:52 remaining to clinch the victory. Tom Wilkinson started at quarterback for the Eskimos and completed a 3-yard touchdown pass to Calvin Harrell with 4:50 remaining in the 2nd quarter, just 62 seconds before Mr. Mazurak scored his first TD. The Eskimos closed the scoring when Bruce Lemmerman connected with George McGowan for a 16-yard touchdown and a 2-point convert with 1:37 remaining in the game. Mr. McGowan caught 7 passes for 77 yards, giving him 85 pass receptions for the season, 4 more than the team record set by Tommy-Joe Coffey in 1964 and equalled by Mr. Coffey in 1965 and Mr. McGowan in 1973. Edmonton cornerback Charles Miller, playing his only CFL game, was victimized on Mr. Mazurak's touchdowns and saw little action in the 2nd half. It was the first CFL game for Edmonton defensive end Bill Stevenson, a 1974 territorial draft selection who had been playing for the Memphis Southmen of the World Football League until being sold to the Eskimos a few days earlier.
Baltimore (1-4) 10 @ New England (1-4) 21
Miami (4-1) 43 @ New York Jets (2-3) 0
Chicago (1-4) 3 @ Pittsburgh (4-1) 34
Philadelphia (1-4) 20 @ St. Louis (3-2) 31
Washington (3-2) 10 @ Houston (4-1) 13
Green Bay (1-4) 19 @ Dallas (4-1) 17
Cleveland (0-5) 15 @ Denver (3-2) 16
Oakland (3-2) 10 @ Cincinnati (5-0) 14
Detroit (3-2) 19 @ Minnesota (5-0) 25
New Orleans (1-4) 21 @ San Francisco (2-3) 35
Atlanta (2-3) 7 @ Los Angeles (4-1) 22
Kansas City (2-3) 12 @ San Diego (0-5) 10
Memphis (7-4) 0 @ Birmingham (9-3) 21
San Antonio (7-6) 31 @ Shreveport (5-7) 41
Jacksonville (6-5) 13 @ Portland (4-7) 30
Southern California (7-5) 26 @ Hawaii (4-7) 7
The Sun's win over the Hawaiians before 15,905 fans at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu turned out to be the last game ever played in the World Football League's two-year history.
Cincinnati Reds @ Boston Red Sox (postponed, rain) (Cincinnati led best-of-seven series 3-2)
30 years ago
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Into the Groove--Madonna (8th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Dancing in the Street--Mick Jagger and David Bowie (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush
#1 single in the U.K.: The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Take On Me--A-Ha
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Take On Me--A-Ha
2 Money for Nothing--Dire Straits
3 Oh Sheila--Ready for the World
4 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
5 Saving All My Love for You--Whitney Houston
6 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer
7 Cherish--Kool & the Gang
8 Dancing in the Street--Mick Jagger and David Bowie
9 I’m Goin’ Down--Bruce Springsteen
10 Lonely Ol’ Night--John Cougar Mellencamp
Singles entering the chart that week were Sleeping Bag by ZZ Top (#46); Alive and Kicking by Simple Minds (#47); Sisters are Doin' it for Themselves by Eurythmics and Aretha Franklin (#67); America by Prince and the Revolution (#72); Que te Quiero by Katrina and the Waves (#85); Hold Me by Laura Branigan (#86); Tears are Falling by Kiss (#87); Tarzan Boy by Baltimora (#88); Conga by Miami Sound Machine (#89); and Remo's Theme (What If) by Tommy Shaw (#90). Remo's Theme (What If) was from the movie Remo Williams: The Adventure Begins (1985).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Cherish--Kool & The Gang
2 Take on Me--A-Ha
3 Money for Nothing--Dire Straits
4 Dancing in the Street--Mick Jagger and David Bowie
5 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer
6 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
7 St. Elmo’s Fire (Man in Motion)--John Parr
8 I Got You Babe--UB40 with Chrissie Hynde
9 Boy in the Box--Corey Hart
10 Dress You Up--Madonna
Singles entering the chart were Sleeping Bag by ZZ Top (#69); The Night is Still Young by Billy Joel (#71); You are My Lady by Freddie Jackson (#87); When Love Breaks Down by Prefab Sprout (#90); Eaten Alive by Diana Ross (#92); and Endicott by Kid Creole and the Coconuts (#94).
63 people were killed when a typhoon struck the Philippine island of Luzon.
Ottawa (7-7) 30 @ Montreal (6-8) 7
Quarterback J.C. Watts completed touchdown passes of 6 yards to Mike Hudson and 7 yards to Waymon Alridge and rushed 17 yards for a touchdown of his own to lead the Rough Riders past the Concordes before 15,951 fans at Olympic Stadium. Dean Dorsey added 3 converts and 3 field goals. The only Montreal scoring came on a 7-yard touchdown pass from Joe Barnes to Kris Haines, converted by Roy Kurtz, with 1:43 remaining in the 2nd quarter. It was the Concordes’ first touchdown in more than 16 quarters. The loss was the fifth in a row for the Concordes; several days later, general manager Joe Galat fired head coach Joe Galat and replaced him with assistant coach Gary Durchik.
Calgary 32 @ Alberta 15
St. Louis Cardinals 3 @ Kansas City Royals 1 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 1-0)
John Tudor pitched 6 2/3 innings before Todd Worrell came on to get the save as the Cardinals defeated the Royals before 41,650 fans at Royals Stadium. Losing pitcher Danny Jackson allowed 4 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 7 innings.
25 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Tom's Diner--DNA featuring Suzanne Vega (7th week at #1)
At the movies
Dances with Wolves, directed by and starring Kevin Costner, received its premiere screening at the Uptown Theater in Washington, D.C. The projector broke down twice.
Economics and finance
The Soviet Duma voted 333-12, with 34 abstentions, to approve President Mikhail Gorbachev’s plan for economic reform, which included selling state property to private individuals; lifting of price controls; and the transfer of many economic decisions to the 15 Soviet republics.
The Iraqi government announced that it would introduce gasoline rationing because of a lack of chemicals needed to refine oil.
Cincinnati Reds 8 @ Oakland Athletics 3 (Cincinnati led best-of-seven seies 3-0)
Chris Sabo hit a solo home run in the 2nd inning and hit a 2-run homer as part of a 7-run 3rd inning as the Reds defeated the Athletics before 48,269 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Tom Browning started on the mound for the Reds and pitched 6 innings to get the win. Mike Moore started for Oakland and was pulled after 2 2/3 innings. Oakland manager Tony LaRussa waited far too long to remove Mr. Moore when it was apparent that his starter was getting shelled. Harold Baines hit a 2-run home run for the Athletics in the 2nd inning and Rickey Henderson hit a solo home run for the Athletics in the 3rd. All the scoring took place in the first 3 innings.
20 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Man on the Edge--Iron Maiden
Hong Kong financier Richard Li took control of Gordon Capital Corporation, ending a 16-month internal management struggle at the Toronto securities firm.
Edmonton (12-5) 45 @ Birmingham (10-7) 18
Shreveport (5-13) 26 @ San Antonio (11-6) 35
Gary Wilkerson intercepted a pass by Jimmy Klingler and returned it 54 yards for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter, and Glenn Rogers, Jr. intercepted a pass from Mr. Klingler and returned it 65 yards for a TD later in the quarter as the Eskimos routed the Barracudas before 8,910 fans at Legion Field in the last CFL game ever played in Birmingham. Edmonton quarterback Kerwin Bell threw touchdown passes to Jim Sandusky and Nick Mazzoli, and Brian Walling rushed 4 yards for the final Edmonton touchdown. Keith Woodside scored both Birmingham touchdowns, on a 52-yard pass from Matt Dunigan in the 1st quarter and a 6-yard pass from Kelvin Simmons in the 4th quarter. Mr. Dunigan suffered an injury that kept him out of action for the rest of the season.
David Archer completed touchdown passes to Billy Hess, Mark Stock, and David Gamble to lead the Texans over the Pirates before 14,437 fans at Independence Stadium. Tony Burse rushed 1 yard for the other San Antonio TD. Shreveport quarterback Billy Joe Tolliver rushed 1 yard for a touchdown and threw touchdown passes to Curtis Mayfield and Norman Bradford. Mr. Bradford's TD, from 30 yards late in the 4th quarter, was the last one the Pirates ever scored, as this was the last game in the franchise's two-year history.
10 years ago
Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, on trial in Baghdad, pleaded innocent to charges of premeditated murder and torture.
Hurricane Wilma became the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 millibars. Winds reached 185 miles per hour (295 kilometres per hour).
National League Championship Series
Houston 5 @ St. Louis 1 (Houston won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Roy Oswalt allowed just 3 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings to win the pitching matchup with Mark Mulder as the Astros scored 2 runs in the 3rd inning and another in the 4th and defeated the Cardinals before 52,438 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium to win the first NL pennant in their 44-year history.
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
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