Friday, 27 February 2009

March 1, 2009

75 years ago
1934

Boxing

Primo Carnera retained his world heavyweight title with a 15-round decision over Tommy Loughran in Miami, Florida.

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Where Do You Go To My Lovely--Peter Sarstedt
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Everyday People--Sly and the Family Stone (3rd week at #1)

Calgary's top 10
1 Condition Red--The Goodees
2 Build Me Up Buttercup--The Foundations
3 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
4 Star-Crossed Lovers--Neil Sedaka
5 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
6 Touch Me--The Doors
7 Bears--Quicksilver Messenger Service
8 Games People Play--Joe South
9 Crossroads--Cream
10 Cruel War--Sugar and Spice
Pick Hit of the Week: She's Not There--Neil McArthur

As far as I know, Calgary is the only place where Star Crossed Lovers was a hit. Neil Sedaka was very out-of-fashion in 1969; he didn't place a single in the Billboard top 40 between December 1963 and November 1974.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Richard Nixon continued talks with French President Charles de Gaulle at the Elysee Palace in Paris.

World events
In the first major harassment of Berlin traffic since April 1965, heavily armed Communist border guards sealed off the main autobahn access route to West Berlin for about two hours.

War
The Communist offensive increased its pace in South Vietnam, concentrating on military installations.

Politics
The right-wing National party rose to second place in Chilean congressional elections. Political observers saw the results as a rebuff to the reform policies of President Eduardo Frei Montalva's Christian Democratic party, and a harbinger of a move to the right in the 1970 presidential elections.

Disasters
11 people died in an earthquake tha shook Lisbon, while 4 were killed and 258 buildings were damaged in an earthquake in Huelva Province, Spain.

Boxing
Kim Ko-Soo won a 15-round decision over Hisao Minami in a middleweight fight in Seoul. I don't know who they were, but I do know this...

30 years ago
1979

Diplomacy

Israel rejected U.S. proposals for a peace treaty with Egypt. Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin arrived in Washington for talks with President Carter.

U.S. Treasury Secretary Michael Blumenthal signed an accord in Beijing in which China agreed to settle American claims on $196.6 million in assets that had been confiscated in 1949.

Hockey
Toronto Maple Leafs' owner Harold Ballard had threatened to fire head coach Roger Neilson if the Maple Leafs lost to the defending Stanley Cup champion Montreal Canadiens at the Montreal Forum. With Paul Harrison playing well in goal in place of injured regular Mike Palmateer, the Maple Leafs gave a heroic effort, but lost 2-1. Mr. Harrison was injured in the last minute, and was replaced by Pierre Hamel; it was Mr. Hamel's first NHL action since the fall of 1974. It was announced after the game that Mr. Neilson had been fired and replaced by John McLellan, who had previously been head coach of the Maple Leafs from 1970-1973.

25 years ago
1984


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 30 (CHED)
1 Thriller--Michael Jackson
2 99 Red Balloons--Nena
3 Jump--Van Halen
4 Girls Just Want to Have Fun--Cyndi Lauper
5 Here Comes the Rain Again--Eurythmics
6 Nobody Told Me--John Lennon
7 Red Red Wine--UB40
8 Got a Hold on Me--Christine McVie
9 Heaven--Bryan Adams
10 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
11 I Want a New Drug--Huey Lewis and the News
12 Karma Chameleon--Culture Club
13 Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell
14 Wrapped Around Your Finger--The Police
15 Middle of the Road--The Pretenders
16 New Moon on Monday--Duran Duran
17 Yah Mo B There--James Ingram and Michael McDonald
18 Don't Bite--Pretty Rough
19 Runner--Manfred Mann's Earth Band
20 Rebel Yell--Billy Idol
21 Joanna--Kool & the Gang
22 An Innocent Man--Billy Joel
23 This Could Be the Right One--April Wine
24 Hold Me Now--Thompson Twins
25 The Language of Love--Dan Fogelberg
26 Come Back and Stay--Paul Young
27 Scratchin' the Surface--Saga
28 So Bad--Paul McCartney
29 Radio Ga Ga--Queen
30 Adult Education--Daryl Hall and John Oates

Died on this date
Jackie Coogan, 79
. U.S. actor. Mr. Coogan, the son of vaudevillian parents, made his movie debut in Skinner's Baby in 1917, and rocketed to fame when Charlie Chaplin used him as his co-star in The Kid (1921). Mr. Coogan followed this with a string of hits through 1927, including Peck's Bad Boy (1921); Oliver Twist (1922); and Little Robinson Crusoe (1924). He was paid $2,000 per week while making Peck's Bad Boy. Mr. Coogan's popularity diminished with adolescence, and his career stalled after he played Tom Sawyer in Tom Sawyer (1930) and Huckleberry Finn (1931).

In 1935, Mr. Coogan was seriously injured in a car accident that claimed the life of his father, Jack Coogan, Sr., and best friend, actor Junior Durkin. His mother promptly remarried (to Arthur Bernstein, his business manager), but the couple refused to let Jackie have access to the money that he'd earned as a child star. Jackie filed suit, but under California law at the time, he had no right to the approximately $4 million that he'd earned, and he was awarded just $126,000 in 1939. Public outrage led the California legislature to pass the Child Actors Bill, also known as the Coogan Act, designed to set up trust funds and protect the earnings of child actors.

Mr. Coogan was reduced to bit parts in movies in the late 1930s and early 1940s, and then fought with the United States Army in the Pacific theatre in World War II. Television allowed him to resume his acting career. In addition to many guest spots, Mr. Coogan was a regular in the western series Cowboy G-Men (1952-1953); the comedy series McKeever and the Colonel (1962-1963); and most memorably, The Addams Family (1964-1966), as Uncle Fester. In his last 20 years he continued to make numerous television and occasional movie appearances. His last appearance was in the slasher movie The Prey, which was released eight months after Mr. Coogan's death.

10 years ago
1999

Crime

Eight tourists, a Ugandan game warden, and three rangers were murdered in a national forest in Uganda. The killers were Rwandan Hutus who apparently sought to destabilize the Ugandan government, which relied heavily on tourist revenue. The slain tourists were from Great Britain (4); New Zealand (2); and the United States (2).

Scandal
The third of five investigations into the International Olympic Committee was concluded with the release of a final report. The independent panel, headed by former United States Senator George Mitchell, concluded that the bribery related to the effort by Salt Lake City leaders to win the 2002 winter games was only part of a broader corruption of the IOC.

Adventure
Bertrand Piccard of Switzerland (the captain) and Brian Jones of Great Britain took off from Switzerland in the Breitling Orbiter 3, a 180-foot helium-powered balloon in an attempt to make the first circumnavigation of the globe in a balloon.

February 29 (2009)

25 years ago
1984

Politics

Pierre Trudeau announced that he would be stepping down as Prime Minister of Canada, his resignation to take effect when a new leader was chosen at a Liberal party convention in June. In typical Trudeau fashion, the Prime Minister made the announcement on February 29, enabling Canadians to celebrate the anniversary only every fourth year.

Hockey
The Philadelphia Flyers defeated the Edmonton Oilers 5-3.

February 28, 2009

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the East End Strangler

50 years ago
1959

Space

The United States launched Discoverer 1, the first satellite to orbit the earth in a north-south polar track.

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

Edmonton's top 10
1 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
2 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
3 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 I Started a Joke--Bee Gees
5 Touch Me--The Doors
6 You Showed Me--The Turtles
7 Games People Play--Joe South
8 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
9 But You Know I Love You--The First Edition
10 Hooked on a Feeling--B.J. Thomas

Diplomacy
U.S. President Richard Nixon met Italian leaders in Rome, then flew to Paris, where he was welcomed by French President Charles de Gaulle, who called Mr. Nixon's visit an "honour" and a "joy." The two leaders had long talks at the Elysee Palace.

Crime
Sirhan Sirhan told the court that he wanted to change his plea to guilty of the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy the previous June, and wanted to be executed. The judge denied the request, and warned Mr. Sirhan that if he was not quiet he would be "put in chains."

30 years ago
1979


World events
The United States abandoned an electronic listening post on the U.S.S.R.-Iran border after it was shut down by Iranian employees in a dispute over severance pay.

War
Saudi Arabia put her armed forces on full alert in response to continued fighting between Yemen and South Yemen. Saudi Arabia called for an Arab League meeting to resolve the dispute.

Politics
Jane Byrne defeated incumbent Michael Bilandic in Chicago's Democratic primary for mayor, a major upset against the old-time Richard Daley political machine.

Hockey
In the regular Wednesday night telecast, the Chicago Black Hawks and Vancouver Canucks tied 4-4.

25 years ago
1984

Politics

Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau went for an evening walk in the snow near his Ottawa residence, mulling his political future.

20 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Loosiers

10 years ago
1999

War

Ethiopia claimed that its army had defeated Eritrean forces in the Badme region.

February 27, 2009

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Pat Novak for Hire, starring Jack Webb, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Marcia Halpern

50 years ago
1959

Space

The United States launched Vanguard 2, a satellite whose purpose was studying cloud-cover scan.

40 years ago
1969

World events

U.S. President Richard Nixon spent 20 hours in Rome, where he was greeted by President Giuseppe Saragat. The occasion was also marked by thousands of student protesters and Communists, who started a riot that lasted into the next day. At least 31 people, including 21 policemen, were injured. However, the only crowds that Mr. Nixon saw were friendly ones lining his route.

Economics and Finance
The British bank rate was raised to 8% from 7% in a move to reinforce the credit squeeze on commercial banks--a move considered essential to bring imports into better balance with exports.

Labour
A nationwide strike of 15,000 American Airlines ground employees caused delays and roundabout routings.

30 years ago
1979

Diplomacy

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin agreed to meet with United States President Jimmy Carter to discuss the proposed Middle East peace settlement, but the Israeli cabinet vetoed Mr. Begin's return to Camp David to conclude treaty negotiations with Egypt.

Health
A study by the National Academy of Sciences recommended restrictions but no ban on the use of the artificial sweetener Saccharin, which had caused cancer in laboratory rats.

Economics and Finance
Cleveland voters approved a 50% increase in city taxes to bail out the financially strapped city government and the retention of the city-owned municipal electrical utility. The results were seen as a victory for Mayor Dennis Kucinich, who had campaigned for both measures.

10 years ago
1999

War

Eritrea accepted the peace plan, originally put forth by the Organization for African Unity, intended to end the war between Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Politics
Olusegun Obasanjo was elected President of Nigeria, nearly completing the country's transition to civilian rule. Mr. Obasanjo, a military leader during the civil war with Biafra from 1967-1970, became President in 1976 after his predecessor was assassinated while trying to implement civilian rule. Mr. Obasanjo completed the transition, handing over the presidency to an elected civilian in 1979. The military later seized power again, and Mr. Obasanjo was imprisoned from 1995 to 1998, when General Sani Abacha, Nigeria's ruler, died.

Mr. Obasanjo recieved 63% of the vote, but his opponent, Olue Falae, claimed that vote fraud had occurred.

Hockey
The Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the Florida Panthers 4-1 in Hockey Night in Canada action at Air Canada Centre in Toronto.

Thursday, 26 February 2009

February 26, 2009

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Invisible Caballero

40 years ago
1969


Died on this date
Levi Eshkol, 73
. Prime Minister of Israel, 1963-1969. A native of Russia, Mr. Eshkol replaced David Ben-Gurion as Israel's Prime Minister in June 1963. He was Prime Minister during Israel's tremendous victory in the Six Day War in June 1967, although he was regarded at the time as being hesitant in his leadership. Mr. Eshkol's health gradually failed, and he became the first Israeli Prime Minister to die in office. Go here for more information.

Politics
A few hours after the death of Levi Eshkol, the Israeli cabinet named Yigal Allon acting Prime Minister.

The White House announced that Rep. Rogers Morton of Maryland would be the new chairman of the Republican National Committee. Mr. Morton's brother, Sen. Thurston B. Morton of Kentucky, had also been the national party chairman.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Richard Nixon arrived in Bonn, where he was welcomed by West German Chancellor Kurt Kiesinger. Mr. Nixon allayed West German fears about U.S. troop redeployment, indicating that he had no plans to reduce the estimated 225,000 stationed there; he also addressed the Bundestag. During a half day spent in West Berlin, where radical students unfurled banners inscribed "Black Power," and threw eggs, paint, and rocks at his limousine, Mr. Nixon restated the American pledge to defend the city.

Space
ESSA 9 was launched by the United States. This weather-watcher, operated by the Environmental Science Services Administration, was the last in the Tiros Operational Satellite Series.

War
Heavy fighting broke out at two major military installations near Saigon as enemy artillery attacks continued.

Academia
The University of Chicago's faculty council called for the use of police to keep campus order, and the expulsion of disruptive students.

Disasters
20 were reported killed after an earthquake and tidal waves razed Madjene on Celebes Island, Indonesia.

Boxing
Leotis Martin won a 10-round decision over Al "Blue" Lewis in a heavyweight fight in Detroit.

30 years ago
1979

Space

There was a total eclipse of the sun, visible from the northeastern part of the Pacific Ocean; Central America; North America (except for western Alaska); the arctic regions; Greenland; Iceland; the north Atlantic Ocean; and western Europe. It was too cloudy in Calgary that morning to notice much of an effect.

Politics
In the United States, the Republican caucus at the National Governors Association meeting called for a balanced federal budget, and asked Congress to study proposals for a constitutional amendment to limit spending.

10 years ago
1999

World events

The United Nations Security Council, reversing a January decision, voted to pull its peacekeeping force out of Angola.

Politics
U.S. Senator John Kerry (Democrat, Massachusetts) withdrew from the contest for his party's presidential nomination for 2000.

Tuesday, 24 February 2009

February 25, 2009

60 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Invisible Wound, starring Reginald Denny and Maria Palmer

40 years ago
1969


World events
A high school student who identified himself as "Human Torch No. 2" died in Prague after setting himself afire in Saint Wenceslaus Square to protest the Soviet occupation of Czechoslovakia.

U.S. President Richard Nixon visited the House of Commons in London.

War
At the Paris peace talks, U.S. officials criticized the latest Viet Cong and North Vietnamese offensive against South Vietnam, saying that the attacks raised the question of whether the Communists really wanted peace.

Terrorism
A bomb exploded in Montreal, the tenth to explode in the city since the beginning of the year.

Politics
Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill said that he would not resign despite not being given a mandate for his moderate reform program aimed at meeting civil rights demands of the Roman Catholic minority in Northern Ireland.

Academia
Dr. William H. Masterson resigned as president of Rice University in Houston, Texas, three days after 1,000 students and 200 faculty members had rallied to protest his appointment.

Students at Pennsylvania State University complied with a court injunction and ended their occupation of the administration building.

Disasters
A fire which swept through a Fifth Avenue office building in New York killed 11 and critically burned 5.

Weather
Three days of heavy rain in southern California concluded with at least 12,500 homeless and 10 dead in mudslides and floods.

30 years ago
1979

Diplomacy

U.S. President Jimmy Carter invited Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin to join him and Egyptian Premier Mustafa Khalil at the Camp David peace talks in a bold move to hasten efforts to conclude a peace treaty.

Scandal
U.S. President Jimmy Carter disavowed recent comments by his brother Billy that were widely regarded as anti-Semitic, saying that he regretted them, and that they did not reflect his views.

War
Heavy fighting continued on the northern border between Vietnam and China. Chinese Deputy Premier Wang Chen claimed that China's invasion of Vietnamese territory would be "limited in scope and duration."

Fighting erupted along the border between Yemen and South Yemen as both nations accused each other of staging an invasion.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

The Edmonton Oilers beat the St. Louis Blues 5-3.

10 years ago
1999

Died on this date
Glenn Seaborg, 86
. U.S. chemist. Dr. Seaborg, leader of the team that created plutonium in 1941, won the 1951 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, for "discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements." He served as chairman of the Atomic Energy Committee from 1961-1971, where he pushed for commercial nuclear energy and the peaceful applications of nuclear science. Dr. Seaborg contributed to the discovery of ten elements: plutonium; americium; curium; berkelium; californium; einsteinium; fermium; mendelevium; nobelium; and element 106, which was named seaborgium in his honour during his lifetime.

Crime
John William King, a self-described white supremacist, was sentenced to death by lethal injection by the same jury that had convicted him two days earlier of murder in the death of James Byrd, Jr., a black man who had been seized by Mr. King and two others, tied to the back of a truck, and dragged to his death along rural roads near Jasper, Texas.

February 24, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Kavis Reed!

40 years ago
1969

World events

U.S. President Richard Nixon continued his European trip with a visit to London. He was met by British Prime Minister Harold Wilson and had lunch with Queen Elizabeth II.

France declared that it would refuse to attend any meetings of the Western European Union until the WEU Permanent Council agreed to her condition that all meetings be called unanimously.

War
Israeli jets bombed two alleged guerrilla camps used as bases by Al Fatah on the Damascus-Beirut road in Syria, and claimed that hundreds of commandos were caught in the 30-minute strike and that two Syrian planes had been downed. The Israeli air strike was in retaliation for 12 terrorist attacks on Israeli-held Golan Heights from Syrian bases during the previous two weeks.

Space
The United States launched the probe Mariner VI, a probe destined to fly by Mars in late July.

Politics
Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill fell short in an effort to win a mandate for his moderate reform program aimed at meeting civil rights demands of Ulster's Roman Catholic minority in general parliamentary elections. Mr. O'Neill retained his seat in the rural riding of Bannside with 7,745 votes to 6,631 for Protestant leader Rev. Ian Paisley.

Academia
Students at Pennsylvania State University occupied the administration building. U.S. President Nixon wrote a letter of praise to University of Notre Dame president Theodore Hesburgh endorsing Rev. Hesburgh's "get tough" policy on student protesters.

30 years ago
1979

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Do Ya Think I'm Sexy--Rod Stewart (3rd week at #1)

Defense
U.S. President Jimmy Carter named Army Chief of Staff General Bernard H. Rogers to succeed General Alexander Haig as commander of United States forces in Europe and Supreme Commander of NATO forces.

Scandal
Joshua Eilberg, former Democratic congressman from Pennsylvania, was fined $10,000 and sentenced to 5 years' probation after pleading to charges that while in office he illegally accepted money for helping his former law firm obtain a $14.5 million grant for a Philadelphia hospital.

Hockey
In the various Hockey Night in Canada games, the New York Rangers defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 4-2 at Maple Leaf Gardens; the Montreal Canadiens defeated the St. Louis Blues 6-4; and the Boston Bruins edged the Vancouver Canucks 4-3.

10 years ago
1999

Scandal

In a television interview broadcast this night, Juanita Broaddrick claimed that U.S. President Bill Clinton had raped her in a Little Rock hotel room in April 1978 while she was attending a nurses' conference.

Monday, 23 February 2009

February 23, 2009

100 years ago
1909

Aviation

Canada entered the aviation age when the Silver Dart, the fifth plane of the Aerial Experiment Association, containing a powerful Curtiss engine and a new type of rubber sealant for the silk-covered wings, took off from the ice of Baddeck Bay, Nova Scotia with John A.D. McCurdy at the controls, and flew for nearly half a mile. For a recent newspaper article on the flight, go here.

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Stagger Lee--Lloyd Price (3rd week at #1)

40 years ago
1969

Diplomacy

U.S. President Richard Nixon began an 8-day "working trip" to five European countries, aimed at "strengthening and revitalizing" the North Atlantic Alliance. Mr. Nixon was accompanied by 18 government officials, including Secretary of State William Rogers.

Mr. Nixon arrived first in Brussels, where he was greeted by King Baudouin. Mr. Nixon said that the purpose of his tour was "to listen to and not lecture the allies." He met with NATO officials and addressed the Permanent Council. History, he said, was moving into an "era of negotiations," and that therefore, "we shall enter into negotiations with the U.S.S.R. on a wide range of issues."

Americana
Former U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower underwent surgery for a gastrointestinal obstruction at Walter Reed Hospital in Washington.

War
Viet Cong and Hanoi forces launched a major three-day offensive of coordinated shellings and ground assaults on Saigon and 115 other towns and military targets, with the heaviest fighting northwest of Saigon along traditional Communist infiltration routes leading to Cambodia.

Israeli planes bombed two targets in Syria, said to be bases of the Arab guerrilla organization Al-Fatah.

Boxing
Efren Torres knocked out Chartchai Chionoi in the 8th round to win the world flyweight championship in Mexico City.

Golf
Lee Trevino won the Tucson Open, with a first-prize purse of $20,000.

30 years ago
1979

Economics and Finance

Consumer prices in the United States were reported to have risen .9% in January, averaging a 12% hike in the cost of living, indicating that federal wage-price guidelines were not succeeding in stemming the tide of inflation.

War
U.S. envoy to the United Nations Andrew Young urged an end to fighting in Indochina, asking that the Security Council call for a withdrawal of Chinese troops from Vietnam and of Vietnamese troops from Cambodia.

World events
Abdullah Ocalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, a major group fighting for Kurdish independence in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Syria, was charged with treason by Turkey, eight days after Turkish agents seized him in Nairobi after he left the Greek embassy there. Turks viewed Mr. Ocalan as responsible for the deaths of thousands during the Kurds' armed struggle.

Politics
Files of the White House's Office of Telecommunications from 1969-1974, released under the Freedom of Information Act, revealed a concerted campaign by the Nixon Administration to politically control public broadcasting.

25 years ago
1984


Edmonton's top 22 (CHED)
1 Thriller--Michael Jackson
2 99 Red Balloons--Nena
3 Red Red Wine--UB40
4 Nobody Told Me--John Lennon
5 Jump--Van Halen
6 Karma Chameleon--Culture Club
7 Girls Just Want to Have Fun--Cyndi Lauper
8 Here Comes the Rain Again--Eurythmics
9 Heaven--Bryan Adams
10 Middle of the Road--The Pretenders
11 New Moon on Monday--Duran Duran
12 Rebel Yell--Billy Idol
13 An Innocent Man--Billy Joel
14 Wrapped Around Your Finger--The Police
15 Got a Hold on Me--Christine McVie
16 Scratchin' the Surface--Saga
17 Yah Mo B There--James Ingram and Michael McDonald
18 So Bad--Paul McCartney
19 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
20 Don't Bite--Pretty Rough
21 Runner--Manfred Mann's Earth Band
22 I Want a New Drug--Huey Lewis and the News

10 years ago
1999

War

Negotiators for the Serbs and ethnic Albanians (including delegates from the Kosovo Liberation Army) reached a tentative agreement on the future of the province of Kosovo. The KLA wanted independence for the province (populated mostly by ethnic Albanians), which was opposed by Serbia's parent government of Yugoslavia. The plan conditionally granted some autonomy to Kosovo for three years, after which the North Atlantic Treaty Organization would assess the situation. Yugoslavia was resisting another element of the proposed agreement: that 30,000 NATO troops be deployed in the province.

Politics
Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley was re-elected with 73% of the vote. Mr. Daley defeated fellow Democrat and U.S. Congressman Bobby Rush. Mr. Rush, who is black, contended that minority neighbourhoods had missed out on much of the city's recent prosperity, but Mr. Daley was endorsed by a number of black leaders.

Republican Johnny Isakson, a former state legislator, won a by-election for the U.S. House of Representatives seat that had been left vacant by the resignation of former Speaker Newt Gingrich. Mr. Isakson won Georgia's 6th District with 65% of the vote.

Crime
John William King, a self-described white supremacist, was convicted in Jasper County, Texas of the murder of James Byrd, Jr., a black man. Mr. Byrd had died after being seized and chained to the back of a truck, and then dragged for several miles on rural roads east of Jasper in June 1998. Two more men faced charges in connection with the killing.

Wednesday, 18 February 2009

February 22, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Laura Pereverzoff Ong and Maria Melania Belmar Mora!

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: (If Paradise Was) Half as Nice--Amen Corner (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Everyday People--Sly and the Family Stone (2nd week at #1)

Terrorism
A terrorist bomb exploded in Montreal, the ninth such blast in the year so far.

Labour
The AFL-CIO executive council, meeting in Bal Harbour, Florida, termed "black capitalism" a "dangerous, divisive delusion," and warned that any attempt to build separate economic enclaves in ghettos "is apartheid, anti-democratic nonsense."

30 years ago
1979

War

The Soviet Union began a military airlift to Vietnam. Moscow officials said they foresaw no Soviet military intervention into the Chinese-Vietnamese conflict as long as its scope remained limited.

World events
U.S. President Jimmy Carter ordered most American aid to Afghanistan cut off in the wake of the February 14 slaying of U.S. Ambassador Adolph Dubs in a government shootout with terrorists.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

The Toronto Maple Leafs edged the Calgary Flames 4-3 in overtime.

10 years ago
1999

War

NATO Supreme Commander General Wesley Clark sought to persuade the ethnic Albanians in the Serbian province of Kosovo to sign the draft peace plan even though it did not permit a referendum on independence for Kosovo.

Politics
It was reported that former California Governor Pete Wilson would not seek the Republican presidential nomination in 2000.

February 21, 2009

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes)
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Hangman and the Book

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

Edmonton's top 10
1 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
2 I Started a Joke--Bee Gees
3 Touch Me--The Doors
4 You Showed Me--The Turtles
5 Electric Stories--The 4 Seasons
6 Sweet Cream Ladies--The Box Tops
7 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
8 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
9 Hooked on a Feeling--B.J. Thomas
10 But You Know I Love You--The First Edition

Terrorism
Two Israelis were killed and nine injured when a bomb exploded in the Supersol, Jerusalem's largest supermarket. Hundreds of shoppers were in the store, most of them buying food for the Sabbath.

World events
Sources reported that French President Charles de Gaulle, in Paris for talks with British Ambassador Christopher Soames, had suggested that the Common Market be replaced by a broader free trade area and an inner four-power directorate of France, West Germany, Italy, and Britain. The French government denounced the "sensational" reports.

Politics
Pakistani President Mohammad Ayub Khan announced that he had made a "final and irrevocable" decision not to run for re-election in March 1970, leading students to dance in the streets. Four months of political agitation against his rule had resulted in violence resulting in 76 deaths. Mr. Khan had ruled Pakistan since taking power in a coup on October 27, 1958.

30 years ago
1979

Diplomacy

U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance and Egyptian and Israeli negotiators met at Camp David, Maryland to resume stalled peace talks.

Hockey
In the regular Wednesday night telecast, the Minnesota North Stars defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 5-1.

10 years ago
1999

Diplomacy

Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee of India and Pakistani Prime Minister Niwaz Sharif concluded two days of talks to discuss divisions between their nations. Both nations had tested nuclear weapons in 1998. The leaders pledged to reduce the danger of a nuclear war and to notify each other of any future tests. They also agreed that a resolution of the dispute over Kashmir was essential to future peace.

February 20, 2009

70 years ago
1939

Society

The German-American Bund, a pro-Nazi organization led by naturalized U.S. citizen Fritz Kuhn, drew 22,000 to a rally at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. Kuhn, with a huge portrait of George Washington behind him, denounced President Franklin D. Roosevelt, calling him "Frank D. Rosenfeld," and referring to the president's economic policy as the "Jew Deal." 3,000 members of the Ordnungsdienst, the militant arm of the Bund, were on hand, and used strong-arm tactics against protesters in maintaining order.

The rally was the largest for the Bund, which operated camps for young people in New York and New Jersey. Before the year was out, Mr. Kuhn faced various criminal charges, and was eventually deported to Germany, where he died in obscurity in 1951. The Bund itself officially disbanded on December 8, 1941, the day after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Pat Novak for Hire, starring Jack Webb, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Jack of Clubs

50 years ago
1959

Defense

In Ottawa, Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker told the House of Commons that the federal government was cancelling further development of the supersonic jet interceptor plane (the most advanced in the world) known as the Avro Arrow, while announcing that the government had no alternative air defense system to take the place of the Arrow. Mr. Diefenbaker indicated that the decision was due to a rapidly diminishing need for interceptors and the estimated cost of $7.3 million apiece for 100 aircraft. For detailed information about the Arrow, go here, and especially here.

14,000 workers at the Avro plant were immediately put out of work by Mr. Diefenbaker's announcement. Information on the most prominent of the Avro employees can be found here.

Prime Minister Diefenbaker also disclosed that the government was negotiating with the United States for the right to acquire nuclear warheads with which to arm the Bomarc surface-to-air guided missiles.

40 years ago
1969

World events

Seven more Iraqis, all Muslims, were executed as Israeli spies in Baghdad. Four of the men, civilians, were hanged like those found guilty of spying by the Iraqi Revolutionary Court in January, while the other three , who were soldiers, were shot by a firing squad.

Politics
Pakistani President Mohammad Ayub Khan failed to persuade Sheik Mujibur Rahman, leader of the East Pakistan autonomy movement, to join in his talks with opposition leaders.

30 years ago
1979

World events

U.S. President Jimmy Carter said that turmoil in the Middle East and Indochina would not deter American efforts to conclude a new Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) agreement with the U.S.S.R., but warned the Soviet Union to respect Iran's independence or face possibly unfavourable consequences.

20 years ago
1989

Politics

The New Democratic Party won the Yukon territorial election with 9 seats to the Progressive Conservatives' 7.

Hockey
The Calgary Flames beat the Washington Capitals 6-2.

10 years ago
1999

Died on this date
Gene Siskel, 53
. U.S. film critic. Mr. Siskel, film critic with the Chicago Tribune, teamed up with Chicago Sun-Times film critic Roger Ebert in 1975 to review movies on a show called Coming Soon to a Theater Near You on Chicago's PBS affiliate. In 1980 the program, now titled Sneak Previews, began running on the national PBS network. Mr. Siskel and Mr. Ebert left PBS in 1982, and their program went through several changes in title and affiliation over the years.

My favourite S&E moment was the show in 1987, when disagreements over Full Metal Jacket (thumb up for Siskel, down for Ebert) and Benji the Hunted (Up for Ebert, down for Siskel) became somewhat heated. My favourite special episodes were Hail, Hail, Black and White; They'll Do it Every Time (several episodes); and the one on trailers.

Despite Mr. Ebert's seniority (and a Pulitzer Prize) as a Chicago newspaper film critic, Mr. Siskel's name came first in the billing during their 23 1/2 year run on television. Mr. Siskel fought bravely against brain cancer, and was still able to write reviews and appear on television into the early weeks of 1999. In his last few years he became increasingly critical of the quality of writing in current movies, and complained (correctly) that teenage boys, the only segment of the population that will go to see anything in a theater on a weekend regardless of quality, are the people who actually dictate what movies are made. On one of his last television appearances, Mr. Siskel picked Babe: Pig in the City as the best movie of 1998, which may have been an indication of how ill he was. According to Mr. Ebert, Mr. Siskel was in much worse health toward the end than his television appearances would indicate.

After a lengthy auditioning process, Richard Roeper, a colleague of Mr. Ebert's at the Sun-Times, won the permanent spot as Mr. Siskel's replacement, albeit with Mr. Ebert finally getting top billing. The show wasn't as good without Mr. Siskel, but was certainly better than when Mr. Ebert left in 2006 because of his own health problems. In 2008 Mr. Roeper left, and the program, now called At the Movies, is hosted by Ben Mankiewicz and Ben Lyons (son of Geoffrey Lyons, one of the co-hosts who took over Sneak Previews when Mr. Siskel and Mr. Ebert left PBS). The current show is almost unwatchable.

For Mr. Ebert's reminiscence about his friend and colleague, go to his blog.

Diplomacy
Prime Ministers Atal Bihari Vajpayee of India and Nawaz Sharif of Pakistan began two days of meetings in Pakistan to discuss the divisions between their countries.

Hockey
The Toronto Maple Leafs edged the Montreal Canadiens 3-2 in overtime to win the first National Hockey League game ever played at Air Canada Centre in Toronto.

February 19, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Lee Morrow!

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Jilted Juvenile

40 years ago
1969

Politics

U.S. President Richard Nixon urged Congress to extend the Office of Economic Opportunity one year beyond its June 30 expiration date,but proposed a shift of its Head Start program to the Health, Education, and Welfare Department (HEW) and the Job Corps to the Labor Department. Mr. Nixon also proposed the transfer of the Foster Grandparents Program and Comprehensive Health centres to HEW. Mr. Nixon asserted that OEO's "greatest value is as initiating agency," "to devise new ways to help the poor," and declared: "One of my aims is to free OEO itself to perform these functions more effectively."

30 years ago
1979

Weather

An unexpected snowstorm hit the eastern United States, dumping 13-30 inches of snow on the New York-New Jersey area. Nearly two feet of snow fell on Washington, D.C., shutting down the capital.

Politics
President Ziaur Rahman's Nationalist Party won a two-thirds majority in the first parliamentary elections in Bangladesh since martial law was declared in 1975.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

The Boston Bruins defeated the Edmonton Oilers 4-2, while the Montreal Canadiens and Chicago Blackhawks tied 4-4.

10 years ago
1999

World events

American officials said that the United States had helped Turkey to capture Kurdish Workers' Party leader Abdullah Ocalan in Nairobi four days earlier.

At the movies
October Sky, based on Homer Hickam, Jr.'s Rocket Boys--a memoir of his days as a teenage rocket enthusiast in West Virginia in the late 1950s--opened in theatres. Jake Gyllenhaal played Homer "Sonny" Hickam, Jr., with Chris Cooper and Laura Dern as his parents. Those who haven't read the book will proabably like it better than those who have--I thought they Hollywoodized some things that were actually more interesting in the book--but it's still well worth seeing. In the ten years since its release, October Sky seems to have become more widely seen through regular television screenings than it was on its initial release.

February 18, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Paul Jelley and Ezra Levant!

60 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Substitute, starring Robert Alda and Suzanne Dalbert

40 years ago
1969

Terrorism

Four Arab terrorists attacked an El Al airliner as it was about to take off from the Zurich airport. Three passengers and three crewmen were wounded. An Israeli security officer killed one of the terrorists, and Swiss police seized the others. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) claimed credit for the attack, asserting that the commandos, including one woman, were all Palestinians.

Politics
In the United States, Ray C. Bliss resigned as chairman of the Republican National Committee.

The House Committee on Un-American Activities had its name changed to the Internal Security Committee.

Boxing
In Los Angeles, Mando Ramos knocked out Teo Cruz in the 11th round to win the world lightweight championship.

30 years ago
1979

War

The U.S.S.R. demanded that China withdraw immediately from Vietnam "before it is too late," and pledged to come to Vietnam's aid.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

The Boston Bruins beat the Calgary Flames 4-3, while the Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the New Jersey Devils 5-3.

10 years ago
1999


Politics
Greek Premier Costas Simitis removed three cabinet members, including the foreign and interior ministers, as there was a possibility of Greek involvement in the Turkish seizure in Nairobi four days earlier of Abdullah Ocalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers' Party.

U.S. Senator Bob Smith of New Hampshire, known for his opposition to abortion and gun control, formally announced his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination in 2000.

Tuesday, 17 February 2009

February 17, 2009

40 years ago
1969

World events

A simmering dispute between France and the other five nations of the European Economic Community led the French government to announce that she would stop all participation in the activities of the Western European Union, a consultative body consisting of Great Britain and the six EEC members. France had accused Britain of trying to use the organization as a back door to force entry into the common market. The French action, on the eve of a regular meeting at the EEC's headquarters in London, apparently came after the British had revealed details of a meeting on February 4 between French President Charles de Gaulle and Christopher Soames, British Ambassador to France, to the other five WEU members.

Peru signed her first trade agreement with the Soviet Union, breaking her tradition of economic dependence on the United States.

Pakistani President Mohammad Ayub Khan lifted the national state of emergency that had been in place since September 1965.

War
U.S. and South Vietnamese forces ended their 24-hour Tet ceasefire. Although the Vietcong had declared a unilateral ceasefire for the period of February 15-22, the Communists initiated 196 incidents during the February 16-17 ceasefire.

Oil
U.S. Interior Secretary Walter Hickel amended federal oil regulations to make oil companies responsible for pollution caused by their offshore wells, whether or not they were proved responsible. It was the first major government action since the leak began off Santa Barbara, California.

Academia
University of Notre Dame president Rev. Theodore Hesburgh warned students that demonstrators would face instant suspension or expulsion.

Disasters
20 were killed in the collision between a crowded passenger train and a gasoline tanker train near Johannesburg, South Africa.

30 years ago
1979

Died on this date
Opal Morrow, 84
. Mrs. Morrow was the grandmother of this blogger, and is still missed.

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart (2nd week at #1)

War
China invaded Vietnam in response to what the Chinese government called "incessant encroachments" on its territory. In the United Nations General Assembly, Vietnam accused China of aggression, and asked the UN to take steps to force China's withdrawal.

25 years ago
1984

Olympics

The U.S.S.R. defeated Canada 4-0 in men's hockey in Sarajevo.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

The Washington Capitals defeated the Edmonton Oilers 8-2.

10 years ago
1999

War
Angolan president Jose Eduardo dos Santos said that he wanted United Nations peacekeepers to leave his country, as fighting between Angolan rebels and the government continued.

Ernest Wamba dia Wamba, leader of the rebel forces in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire), said that he was resuming the offensive against the government of President Laurence Kabila. Mr. Wamba complained that Mr. Kabila had not negotiated directly with the rebels. It was reported that the rebels, supported by troops from neighbouring Rwanda, would seek to gain control of the diamond-rich province that provided the government's main source of income.

The United States ordered 51 more planes to Europe for use in possible air strikes on the Serbian province of Kosovo.

World events
Israeli troops killed four Kurds when Kurdish protesters stormed the Israeli consulate in Berlin. The protesters suspected Israel of complicity in the arrest in Turkey two days earlier of Abdullah Ocalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, a major group fighting for Kurdish independence.

Hockey
The Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the Buffalo Sabres 3-2 in overtime.

Saturday, 14 February 2009

February 16, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Veronica Jones and Anna!

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Stagger Lee--Lloyd Price (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago
1969

War

A 24-hour truce by South Vietnamese and American forces went into effect at 6 P.M., marking the the beginning of Tet, or Lunar New Year, holiday.

World events
In Istanbul, at least two people were killed when about 10,000 right-wing supporters of the Turkish government charged at 10,000 demonstrators protesting a visit by part of the United States Sixth Fleet.

Golf
Gene Littler won the Phoenix Open, with a top prize of $20,000.

30 years ago
1979

World events

U.S. Ambassador to Iran William H. Sullivan requested a meeting with Iran's new premier, Mehdi Bazargan, implying that the United States would maintain relations with the provisional government. Four generals loyal to the Shah were executed after trial by "revolutionary Islamic court."

Diplomacy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter and Mexican President Jose Lopez Portillo agreed to state-to-state negotiations for American purchase of Mexican natural gas, after two days of talks covering trade and immigration problems that had strained U.S.-Mexican relations for the past two years.

Crime
A General Accounting Office report to U.S. Senator Alan Cranston's inquiry into the Jonestown massacre on November 18, 1978 revealed that as many as 17 of the children placed in People's temple foster homes by California authorities died in the Guyana commune.

Labour
New Orleans police voted to resume a strike that had ended earlier in the month, threatening cancellation of Mardi Gras festivities. A court barred the walkout by 1,350 unionized police officers.

10 years ago
1999

World events

Northern Ireland's legislature voted 77-29 to approve the structure for a new executive government--a major step in the implementation of a peace agreement reached in 1998. The structure included a Northern Ireland Executive consisting of 10 departments whose heads would constitute a cabinet. These departments would be responsible for taxation, law enforcement, and other local matters. Sinn Fein, the political arm of the Provisional Irish Republican Army, would get the other two cabinet slots.

German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder announced that a fund, calculated at U.S. $1.7 billion would be set aside to compensate Holocaust victims, including those who were forced by the Nazis into slave labour for German companies before and during World War II. The fund would be financed by German companies. A second fund would educate people about the Holocaust.

Kurdish protesters took hostages at Greek and Kenyan diplomatic facilities in reprisal for the previous day's seizure in Nairobi by Turkish agents of Kurdistan Workers' Party leader Abdullah Ocalan. All hostages were freed unharmed.

February 15, 2009

Born on this date
Happy 100th birthday, Miep Gies!
Miep Gies is the last survivor of those who helped Anne Frank and her family when they were hiding from the Nazis in the Netherlands, and saved Miss Frank's papers when the family was captured.

Happy birthday, Arlene Carlstrom!

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: I Got Stung/One Night--Elvis Presley (5th week at #1)

At the movies
Ride Lonesome, the fifth of seven Western collaborations between director Budd Boetticher and star Randolph Scott, opened in theatres. The other Boetticher-Scott westerns were Seven Men From Now (1956); The Tall T (1957); Decision at Sundown (1957); Buchanan Rides Alone (1958); Westbound (1959); and Comanche Station (1960). Ride Lonesome, written by Burt Kennedy, was about a bounty hunter who attracted unwanted companions while bringing in a wanted criminal. The cast included Karen Steele, Pernell Roberts, James Best, Lee Van Cleef, and, in his movie debut, James Coburn.

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: (If Paradise Was) Half as Nice)--Amen Corner
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Everyday People--Sly and the Family Stone

Scandal
Willie May Rogers, appointed less than a week before as U.S. President Richard Nixon's adviser on consumer affairs, resigned because of conflict-of-interest charges concerning her ties with the Good Housekeeping Institute.

Adventure
Four aquanauts began 60 days of living underwater in a capsule off the coast of Saint John, in the Virgin Islands.

30 years ago
1979

World events

Iran's provisional government accused leftist People's Fedayeen guerrillas of attacks on government installations and foreign embassies in an attempt to destabilize the regime.

25 years ago
1984

Olympics

Czechoslovakia defeated Canada 4-0 in men's hockey.

Hockey
The Edmonton Oilers ended a five-game losing streak when they defeated the Winnipeg Jets 7-4 at Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton.

20 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Hiroshima, Mon Frere

Hockey
The Calgary Flames defeated the Winnipeg Jets 6-1.

10 years ago
1999

World events

Turkish agents captured Abdullah Ocalan, head of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, a major group fighting for Kurdish independence in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Syria. Mr. Ocalan was seized in Nairobi, Kenya after he left the Greek embassy there, where he had sought refuge.

February 14, 2009

80 years ago
1929

Crime

Six members of the Bugs Moran gang and another man were lined up against the rear inside wall of the garage of the SMC Cartage Company at 2122 North Clark Street in the Lincoln Park neighbourhood of Chicago's North Side, and were killed by machine gun fire in what became known as the "St. Valentine's Day Massacre." The killers were possibly members of Al Capone's South Side gang, "outside talent," or a combination of both. For more details, go here.

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Guest in the Coffin

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

Edmonton's top 10
1 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
2 Electric Stories--The 4 Seasons
3 Hooked on a Feeling--B.J. Thomas
4 Sweet Cream Ladies--The Box Tops
5 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 You Showed Me--The Turtles
7 I Started a Joke--Bee Gees
8 Magic Carpet Ride--Steppenwolf
9 This Magic Moment--Jay and the Americans
10 Games People Play--Joe South

World events
Tensions between Peru and the United States increased when a Peruvian Navy boat attacked two American tuna boats fishing 26 miles offshore, damaging one and capturing another. The captured ship was later released, after the captain paid a fine of $2,000 for fishing without a Peruvian license. Other boats fled into Ecuadorian waters.

Pakistani President Mohammad Ayub Khan conceded two of three opposition demands on the first day of a violent general strike in which at least three people were killed. He freed a number of political prisoners and lifted the state of emergency that had been declared in 1965.

Heinz Felfe, who in 1963 had been revealed to have been a high-level Soviet spy in the West German intelligence organization headed by General Gehlen, was exchanged for three West German students who had been imprisoned by the Soviet Union as spies. The exchange took place in Bonn.

Economics and Finance
The United States Department of Commerce revised its Gross National Product figures downward for the fourth quarter of 1968, indicating a genuine slowdown for the economy.

Labour
Port of New York dock workers ended their record 57-day dock strike with a vote of 9,328 to 3,213 for a new 3-year contract. Although the settlement brought 22,000 members of the AFL-CIO International Longshoremen's Association back to work, about 43,000 other ILA dock workers continued to strike in 20 other ports along the East and Gulf Coasts.

Boxing
Ralph McCoy won a 12-round decision over Charlie Austin in a middleweight bout in Oakland, California.

30 years ago
1979

Died on this date
Adolph Dubs, 58
. U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan. Mr. Dubs had been kidnapped by Muslim terrorists, and was slain in a shootout between the kidnappers and government security forces in Kabul.

World events
Guerrillas attacked the American Embassy in Tehran, trapping Ambassador William H. Sullivan and staff inside. Pro-Khomeini forces freed the captives after a brief gun battle. The United States announced the evacuation of 7,000 Americans remaining in Iran.

Crime
In Miami, two Cuban exiles were convicted of murder in the 1976 slaying in Washington, D.C. of Orlando Letelier, a former official in the Chilean government of Salvador Allende, and a leading opponent of Chile's subsequent military regime.

Hockey
In the regular Wednesday night telecast, the Minnesota North Stars beat the Vancouver Canucks 8-1.

25 years ago
1984

On television tonight

Celebrity: Part III

Wednesday, 11 February 2009

February 13, 2009

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Pat Novak For Hire, starring Jack Webb, on ABC
Tonight's episode: John Singer

This marked the debut of Pat Novak For Hire, a crime show set in San Francisco, as a nationwide show on ABC. The program, with scripts written by Mr. Webb's friend Dick Breen, began as a regional (west coast) show in the fall of 1946. In the spring of 1947, Mr. Breen left to do a similar show on MBS called Johnny Modero, Pier 23, and took Mr. Webb with him. Ben Morris then took over the role of Pat Novak for the remaining episodes in 1947.

When ABC brought Messrs. Webb and Breen back in 1949, they installed Raymond Burr as Inspector Hellman, and Tudor owen as Pat Novak's hard-drinking confidant Jocko Madigan. Pat Novak For Hire is noted (and loved) for its hilarious one-liners, a sampling of which may be found here. For free downloads of available episodes, go here.

40 years ago
1969

War

The fourth plenary session of the Vietnam War peace talks met in Paris for more than six hours. Old charges were reiterated, and no progress was made.

Disasters
Rescue teams reported that all 19 aboard a Philippine Air Force C-47 were killed when it crashed on Mindanao.

30 years ago
1979

Religion

A conference of Roman Catholic bishops in Puebla, Mexico ended with calls for increased social activism on behalf of Latin America's poor, and a plea for the peaceful resolution of inter-American disputes.

25 years ago
1984

Olympics

In men's hockey, Canada whipped Norway 8-1.

On television tonight
Celebrity: Part II

10 years ago
1999

Hockey

On the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast, the Chicago Blackhawks defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 6-2 in the last National Hockey League game played at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto. It was a fitting result, since the Blackhawks won 2-1 in the first game at Maple Leaf Gardens in 1931.

War
U.S. President Bill Clinton announced that United States troops would participate in a NATO mission in the Serbian province of Kosovo.

Tuesday, 10 February 2009

February 12, 2009

200 years ago
1809

Born on this date
Charles Darwin
. U.K. naturalist. The man who brought us the postulate of evolution is my choice for the most influential person of the 20th Century, even though he lived completely in the 19th Century. He is appropriately included in Dave Breese's book 7 Men who Rule the World from the Grave. Mr. Darwin was the spiritual ancestor of Karl Marx, V.I. Lenin, Josef Stalin, and Adolf Hitler, and I'm happy to be on the other side.

Abraham Lincoln. 16th President of the United States (1861-1865). A 1983 poll of American historians ranked Mr. Lincoln as the greatest of U.S. presidents, but that may say more about the ideological leaning of the academy than it does about the merits of Mr. Lincoln. Mr. Lincoln still ranked #1 in a 2009 survey. A historian named Thomas DiLorenzo has a considerably more negative opinion of "Honest Abe".

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

Escape on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Lost Special, starring Ben Wright

The Lost Special was an adaptation of an Arthur Conan Doyle story that had been performed on Suspense on September 30, 1943, with Orson Welles in the starring role. Ben Wright went on to play Sherlock Holmes in the 1949-50 season of broadcasts on ABC.

Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Twisted Talisman

50 years ago
1959


Died on this date
George Antheil, 58
. U.S. composer and journalist. "The Bad Boy of Music," Mr. Antheil is best known for his avant-garde Ballet Mecanique. The premiere of that work in 1927, and the promotion that preceded the concert, alienated Mr. Antheil's audience, and he didn't regain his popularity until the 1940s. Between periods of musical prosperity and popularity, Mr. Antheil wrote for various magazines and later served as a war correspondent.

40 years ago
1969

Politics

India's governing Congress party suffered a stunning setback in midterm elections in West Bengal, the location of most of the country's heavy industry. A 12-party coalition dominated by Communists defeated Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's party just as the Congress party was beginning to celebrate a comeback in other states.

30 years ago
1979

World events

Pro-Ayatollah Khomeini forces seized major military bases in Iran, effectively gaining control of the country after two days of heavy fighting. The Ayatollah broadcasted an appeal for an end to violence and a return to order.

25 years ago
1984

Hockey

The Edmonton Oilers suffered the worst defeat in their history, losing 11-0 to the Hartford Whalers in an afternoon game at the Hartford Civic Center. With the score 4-0, Kevin McClelland of the Oilers took a 5-minute elbowing penalty, and the Whalers scored 4 times during the powerplay. The Whalers played the team fight song after each goal by the home team, and when they made it 9-0, Oilers' radio voice Rod Phillips said, "I'm gettin' sick of hearing that song!" The loss was the Oilers' fifth straight, all with Wayne Gretzky out of the lineup with an injury.

On television tonight
Part I of the miniseries Celebrity was broadcast.

One Day at a Time, on CBS, broadcast the episode about Duane Schneider's 50th birthday.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

The Edmonton Oilers defeated the New York Rangers 3-1.

10 years ago
1999

Scandal

The impeachment trial of Bill Clinton concluded with the President's acquittal on both counts. On Article I, the charge of perjury, the vote ws 55-45 against conviction. On Article II, the obstruction of justice charge, the vote was 50-50. A two-thirds majority of 67 was necessary for conviction.

All 45 Democratic Senators voted not guilty on both counts. 45 Republicans voted guilty on both counts. Five Republicans--Slade Gorton (WA); Richard Shelby (AL); Ted Stevens (AK); Fred Thompson (TN); and John Warner (VA)--voted guilty only on Article I. Five more Republicans--John Chafee (RI); Susan Collins (ME); Jim Jeffords (VT); Olympia Snowe (ME); and Arlen Specter (PA) voted not guilty on both counts.

Following the votes, a bipartisan vote, led by Senators Diannne Feinstein (D, CA) and Robert Bennett (R, UT), to censure Mr. Clinton, also failed. A 56-43 majority obtained in a procedural vote fell short of the two-thirds needed to overcome parliamentary maneuvering by Phil Gramm (R, TX), who opposed censure as unconstitutional.

In a brief statement, President Clinton said he was "profoundly sorry" for his actions and urged the country to move on.

Monday, 9 February 2009

February 11, 2009

60 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Mummy's Foot, starring Herbert Anderson and J. Edward Bromberg

40 years ago
1969

Academia

200 students at Sir George Williams University in Montreal smashed a $1 million computer with axes and set the computer centre on fire during a sit-in protesting the alleged racism of a professor. Among the vandals was Anne Cools, who later became a Liberal (and now a Conservative) Senator.

30 years ago
1979

World events

premier Shahpur Bakhtiar resigned as head of the government of Iran after the army declared its neutrality in the current political crisis. Over 200 died in fighting between supporters of the government and supporters of the Ayatollah Khomeini.

Defense
U.S. Defense Secretary Harold Brown told Saudi Arabian leaders that the United States would send more arms to Yemen and Sudan to help stabilize the military balance of power in the Persian Gulf and the Middle East.

Hockey
The U.S.S.R. all-stars whipped the NHL all-stars 6-0 to win the Challenge Cup 2 games to 1. Gerry Cheevers of the Boston Bruins went the distance in goal for the NHL stars, but changing to Mr. Cheevers from Ken Dryden of the Montreal Canadiens didn't help.

25 years ago
1984

Olympics

In men's hockey, Canada defeated Finland 4-2, while the U.S.A. and Norway tied 3-3.

Hockey
In Saturday NHL action, the Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the Quebec Nordiques 5-2; the Buffalo Sabres edged the Montreal Canadiens 4-3; and the Edmonton Oilers lost their fourth straight game, 4-1 to the Boston Bruins at Boston Garden.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

In the national Hockey Night in Canada game, the Montreal Canadiens defeated the New Jersey Devils 5-4 at the Montreal Forum.

Thursday, 5 February 2009

February 10, 2009

50 years ago
1959

Disasters

21 were killed when a tornado hit St. Louis, Missouri.

40 years ago
1969

Diplomacy

The Canadian House of Commons was told that the Canadian Embassy in Stockholm had been instructed to start talks with the Communist Chinese mission there, with an eye to creating diplomatic relations between the countries.

30 years ago
1979

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart

Hockey
The U.S.S.R. all-stars defeated the NHL all-stars 5-4 to even the Challenge Cup at 1 game apiece. Ken Dryden of the Montreal Canadiens, who had played well in game 1, reverted to his usual form against the Soviets in game 2.

30 years ago
1979

World events

Iran moved closer to civil war after air force cadets and technicians outside Tehran defected to the opposition. More than 100 had now been killed in fighting between the military and armed civilians.

Scandal
Financial trustee Charles Kirbo gave a U.S. federal grand jury details of President Jimmy Carter's family business. A probe into possible campaign irregularities disclosed that the Carter peanut warehouse received large loans from the National Bank of Georgia in 1975 and 1976, then headed by Bert Lance. White House spokesmen denied that any of the borrowed money found its way into Mr. Carter's presidential campaign.

25 years ago
1984

Died on this date
Yuri Andropov, 68
. U.S.S.R. spymaster and political leader. Mr. Andropov, former head of the KGB, took over as leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Leonid Brezhnev in November 1982. He was promoted by the useful idiots in the western media as a "closet liberal" with a liking for the music of Glenn Miller. As Lubor Zink pointed out at the time, you don't get to be the head of the world's most ruthless secret police force by being a liberal of any kind. Mr. Andropov was leading the Soviet Union at the time of the invasion of Grenada in the fall of 1983, which was thwarted by U.S. President Ronald Reagan's judicious use of American troops. Within a few months, Mr. Andropov had come down with the dreaded "Kremlin Cold," a condition that always seemed to prove fatal.

20 years ago
1989

Personal

This blogger attended the University of Alberta Nurses' dance at the Fantasy Nightclub at West Edmonton Mall.

10 years ago
1999

War

The United Nations Security Council called on Eritrea to withdraw from the contested area in the Badme region on the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia, which Eritrea had seized in 1998, and begin to negotiate.

February 9, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Heather Blacklock!

100 years ago
1909

Born on this date
Carmen Miranda
. Brazilian singer and actress. Mark Steyn has provided detailed information about Miss Miranda.

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Stagger Lee--Lloyd Price

40 years ago
1969

Aviation

The Boeing 747 made its first flight, which was cut short by a "minor problem." The pilot called the $21.4 million plane a "pilot's dream."

World events
The government of East Germany issued new travel restrictions, effective February 15 and lasting until further notice, barring all members of the West German Federal Assembly from travelling to West Berlin across East Germany to participate in the federal presidential election In March, and also banning all West German army personnel from crossing East Germany to reach the city. The West German government said that it intended to go ahead with the presidential election as it had in 1954, 1959, and 1964. France, Great Britain, and the United states said that there was "no justification" for the East German travel ban.

Defense
U.S. Defense Secretary Melvin Laird stated in a television interview that the U.S.S.R. ha spent 3.7 times as much as the United States on anti-missile systems over the past two years.

Boxing
Shozo Saijyo retained his world featherweight title with a 15-round decision over Pedro Gomez in Tokyo.

Golf
Billy Casper won the Bob Hope Desert Classic, with a top prize of $20,000.

25 years ago
1984

Olympics

In men's hockey, Canada defeated Austria 8-1.

Hockey
The Philadelphia Flyers defeated the Edmonton Oilers 4-3 at The Spectrum in Philadelphia.

10 years ago
1999

Scandal

At the impeachment trial of U.S. President Bill Clinton, the Senate began deliberations behind closed doors.

A panel of independent investigators working on the Salt Lake Organizing Committee issued its report on the Winter Olympics bribery scandal. The report placed most of the blame on the three members of the Salt Lake City committee that had successfully sought to obtain the 2002 Winter Olympics. The three members had resigned. The report said that committee members gave members of the International Olympic Committee cash and other gifts without notifying other Salt lake committee members. The report said that nobody was suspected of actual illegal actions.

Politics
The Liberals, under Brian Tobin, won the Newfoundland provincial election. Nunavut, which was two months away from officially becoming a territory separate from the Northwest Territories, held its first territorial election, resulting in Paul Okalik as Premier.

February 8, 2009

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: I Got Stung/One Night--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Blackberry Way--The Move
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells (2nd week at #1)

Publishing
This date’s issue of The Saturday Evening Post was the magazine’s last for several years (see January 10, 2009).

World events
Italian Communist leader Luigi Longo restated that his party disapproved of the Soviet bloc intervention in Czechoslovakia.

Romanian President Nicolae Ceaucescu said that the new Soviet doctrine of "limited sovereignty" was "damaging to Communist unity," and warned against "outside interference" when differences arose within any Communist party.

Politics
Pakistani President Mohammed Ayub Khan was re-elected to the leadership of the ruling Moslem League party.

30 years ago
1979

World events

1,000,000 marched in Tehran to demand the ouster of Iranian Premier Shahpur Bakhtiar. Mr. Bakhtiar vowed not to accede to opposition demands for his resignation.

The United States terminated military ties with Nicaragua because of President Anastasio Somoza’s refusal to accept U.S. or Organization of American States mediation of that country’s civil strife.

The United States Justice Department dropped perury charges against a former executive of International Telephone and Telegraph involving ITT’s alleged bid to block Salvador Allende’s election as President of Chile in 1970. The U.S. Justice Dept. feared possible disclosures regarding U.S. intelligence activities.

Hockey
The National Hockey League had decided to scrap its annual all-star game for 1979 in favour of a three game series called the Challenge Cup, pitting the NHL's best players against those of the U.S.S.R. The NHL stars scored just 16 seconds into the first game and went on to a 4-2 win. Ken Dryden of the Montreal Canadiens was the winning goalie in one of the few good games he ever played against the Soviets.

20 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Coda

10 years ago
1999

World events

The funeral of King Hussein of Jordan was held in Amman. United States President Bill Clinton was in attendance, along with former presidents Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, and George Bush. Great Britain was represented by Prince Charles and Prime Minister Tony Blair. Other world leaders at the funeral included French President Jacques Chirac, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, Russian President Boris Yeltsin, and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Conspicuous by his absence was Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien (Cretin to this blogger). Mr. Cretin preferred to go skiing, confirming yet again that he was senile, retarded, and an embarrassment to the country.

Scandal
All 13 of the House of Representatives impeachment managers participated in the closing arguments at the trial of President Bill Clinton. Rep. Henry Hyde (Republican, Illinois) admonished the senators that if the president had committed the deeds he was accused of, but voted not guilty, they would be "saying a perjurer and obstructer of justice can be president." White House Counsel Charles Ruff, in his closing remarks, maintained that Mr. Clinton had not committed perjury or obstruction of justice.

February 7, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Sherri Pierce and Nikita Quitazol!

75 years ago
1934

Crime

Edward Bremer, 37, was released 21 days after being kidnapped in St. Paul, Minnesota. His two kidnappers ended up being sentenced to life in prison.

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Bloodstained Goddess

50 years ago
1959

Aviation

The world's longest flight ended when Robert Timm and John Cook landed at McCarran Airfield, Las Vegas, Nevada, 2 months and 3 days after leaving from the same airport. Their flight, in a Cessna 172 Hacienda, lasted 64 days, 22 hours, 19 minutes, 5 seconds. Continual airborne refuelling enabled Messrs. Timm and Cook to fly the equivalent of 6 times around the world.

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

Edmonton's top 10
1 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
2 Magic Carpet Ride--Steppenwolf
3 Electric Stories--The 4 Seasons
4 I Started a Joke--Bee Gees
5 Sweet Cream Ladies--The Box Tops
6 Wichita Lineman--Glen Campbell
7 Hooked on a Feeling--B.J. Thomas
8 Touch Me--The Doors
9 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
10 Can I Change My Mind--Tyrone Davis

Terrorism
A crowded market in the Biafran village of Umuohiagu was bombed and strafed at noon, killing between 200 and 300 and wounding hundreds, according to officials. Villagers said that the bombs were dropped by a Nigerian jet fighter-bomber.

World events
Riots began in Bombay, India during a demonstration over the border dispute between the states of Maharashtra and Mysore. The riots continued for several days, leaving 43 dead, 200 injured, and more than 1,000 jailed.

United Nations Secretary General U Thant said that the Big 4 talks were a promising step toward a permanent peace in the Middle East.

United States officials acknowledged Peru’s right to expropriate the oil fields at La Brea y Parenas and the Talara refinery, but criticized the demand for $690.5 million in compensation.

The West German government accused the Soviet Union of "increasing tension in the international political scene" by attempting to thwart the entry of the West German Federal Assembly into West Berlin for slated presidential elections.

Disasters
10 were killed and 100 injured in a head-on crash of a passenger express and a freight train northeast of Melbourne, Australia.

30 years ago
1979

World events

A United States State department report to Congress claimed that Israel had suspended some human rights guarantees in the occupied Arab territories, with some political detainees being mistreated. Israel denied the allegations.

25 years ago
1984

Olympics

Carey Wilson scored just 27 seconds into the game, and added two later goals as Canada upset the United States 4-2 in the first game for both teams at the Winter Olympic Games at Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. It was a disastrous debut for the Americans, who were hoping to repeat their "Miracle on Ice" gold medal performance from 1980. The Canadians jumped out to a 3-0 first period lead, much to the shock of the ABC television broadcasting crew, led by Al Michaels.

20 years ago
1989

Hockey

The Clarence S. Campbell Conference All-Stars defeated the Prince of Wales Conference All-Stars 9-5 in the NHL All-Star game at the Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton. This blogger managed to obtain a standing room ticket from a scalper for just $2 more than the legal price, and watched the first two periods from there. I spotted an empty seat in the golds and went down there for the third period, and ended up sitting next to Pat Quinn. A very attractive young brunette in a short skirt sat down in front of us, and I said, "Oh, I like that!" Mr. Quinn said, "That just happens to be my daughter." And very lovely she was.

Music
Roy Orbison's album Mystery Girl was released, two months after Mr. Orbison's death. The album included the Big O's current single, You Got It, as well as two songs that were subsequently issued as singles: She's a Mystery to Me (written by Bono and The Edge) and California Blue. Roy's son Wesley co-wrote one song (The Only One), and Mr. Orbison reunited with his old songwriting partner Bill Dees on Windsurfer. Another highlight was his cover of Elvis Costello's The Comedians, which he had performed in his "Black and White Night" concert with is friends in 1987.

10 years ago
1999

Died on this date
Hussein, King of Jordan, 63
. King Hussein, who sat on the Hashemite throne for 46 years, died of cancer in Amman and was succeeded by his eldest son Abdullah, who took the name Abdullah II.

World events
Immediately upon succeeding to the throne of Jordan, King Abdullah II named his 18-year-old half-brother Hamzah, the son of Queen Noor, as his crown prince and successor.

February 6, 2009

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Bob Powless!

40 years ago
1969

World events

Peru’s junta seized all remaining assets of International Petroleum Company (IPC), a subsidiary of Standard Oil of New Jersey, climaxing a four-month conflict between the junta and the firm, based on Peruvian claims that IPC’s title to the oil fields at La Brea y Parenas was invalid, and that the firm owed Peru $690,500,000 for oil taken out over a period of 45 years. The junta had seized the oil fields at La Brea and Talara refinery after its coup in October 1968.

U.S. Ambassador Charles Yost held separate talks with U.S.S.R. chief delegate Yakob Malik and Sir Leslie Glass, Great Britain’s acting permanent representative to the United Nations, at the U.N.’s Big 4 talks to prepare the way for a Middle East peace settlement.

War
Peace talks in Paris between the United States and North Vietnam were deadlocked as Allied and Communist negotiators failed to make any progress at the third plenary session.

Defense
The United States Defense Department announced that deployment of the Sentinel antiballistic-missile (ABM) system was being held up pending review of the Johnson Administration’s decision to buy 14 of the 15 planned sites and the construction of a "thin" protective net against "unsophisticated" missiles, such as could be used by the People’s Republic of China. The only site acquired so far was near Boston, where critics voiced fear of total disaster within five miles of the area if a Spartan missile, one used in the ABM defense, should go off accidentally.

President Richard Nixon said that the system, like those deployed by the U.S.S.R., "adds to our overall defense capability," and that he did not see it as "simply for the purpose of protecting ourselves against attack from Communist China."

Politics
U.S. President Richard Nixon said at his news conference that he knew that he was "not considered as a friend by many of our black citizens," but he said he wanted to be "a friend of all the people." Mr. Nixon indicated that he was reluctant to cut off funds to school districts that refused to integrate.

Scandal
Five major drug manufacturers offered $120 million U.S. to settle claims by states, cities, and others growing out of alleged price-fixing and overcharging on tetracycline and other antibiotics, the so-called "wonder drugs." It was the largest settlement offer in antitrust history to date.

Disasters
Only 52 of more than 100 passengers on a Philippine ferry survived after it capsized in Illana Bay of Lanao del Norte.

30 years ago
1979

World events

Pakistan’s Supreme Court upheld the death sentence of former Premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, convicted of complicity in a 1974 political murder.

Crime
Sara Jane Moore, serving a life sentence for her 1975 assassination attempt against President Gerald Ford, escaped from a federal prison in Anderson, West Virginia, but was quickly recaptured.

20 years ago
1989

On the radio

Wes Montgomery did his first show as morning man at CFRN in Edmonton.

10 years ago
1999

World events

The Jordanian cabinet officially declared that King Hussein, seriously ill with cancer, was unable to govern, and, in accordance with his wishes, named his eldest son, Prince Abdullah, regent.

War
A dispute over a contested border area in the Badme region led to the resumption of war between Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Peace talks opened near Paris between Serbians and ethnic Albanians from the province of Kosovo.

Scandal
At the impeachment trial of U.S. President Bill Clinton, House of Representatives impeachment managers played excerpts from all three witnesses (former White House intern Monica Lewinsky, and White House advisers Vernon Jordan and Sidney Blumenthal) to the Senate, and Mr. Clinton’s lawyers played excerpts from what Miss Lewinsky and Mr. Jordan had said.