Monday, 31 July 2017

July 31, 2017

525 years ago
1492


Abominations
The Jews were expelled from Spain when the Alhambra Decree took effect.

350 years ago
1667


War
Representatives of England, the United Provinces (Netherlands), France, and Denmark–Norway signed the Treaty of Breda, ending the Second Anglo-Dutch War in favour of the Dutch. Provisions of the treaty included the return of Acadia to France. The conquest in 1664 of New Netherland by the English was confirmed, producing the colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware.

240 years ago
1777


War
The U.S. Second Continental Congress passed a resolution that the services of Gilbert du Motier, the Marquis de Lafayette, "be accepted, and that, in consideration of his zeal, illustrious family and connexions, he have the rank and commission of major-general of the United States."

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
S. S. Kresge
. U.S. department store magnate. Sebastian Spering Kresge founded the S.S. Kresge Company in 1899, and opened the first Kmart store in 1962. The company he founded became known as Kmart Corporation in 1977. Mr. Kresge died on October 18, 1966 at the age of 99.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Herbert W. Armstrong
. U.S. religious leader and "Ambassador for World Peace." Mr. Armstrong founded the Worldwide Church of God (originally known as the Radio Church of God) in 1933, and began The World Tomorrow radio broadcasts in 1934. Mr. Armstrong's theology was a hodgepodge of error and heresy; see my post on Mr. Armstrong at Suspicious Berean. Mr. Armstrong died on January 16, 1986 at the age of 93.

100 years ago
1917


War
Field Marshal Earl Haig mounted a Passchendaele offensive with British and Anzac troops.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): (There'll Be Bluebirds Over) The White Cliffs of Dover--Vera Lynn; Jean Cerchi (1st month at #1)

War
German, Romanian, and Slovak forces crossed the lower Don River on a 155-mile front. The U.S. Navy announced that approximately 10,000 Japanese troops were in three occupied Aleutian islands. The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously refused a writ of habeas corpus to accused German saboteurs, declaring that the charges against them were within the purview of military authorities.

Defense
The 25,000-ton U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Essex was launched at Newport News, Virginia.

Boxing
Sugar Ray Robinson (33-0) won a 10-round unanimous decision over world lightweight champion Sammy Angott (68-17-5) in a welterweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): They Say it's Wonderful--Bing Crosby; Perry Como (1st month at #1)

On the radio
Mystery in the Air, starring Peter Lorre, on NBC
Tonight's episode: A Piece of String

Protest
Enraged by the previous day's murders of two British soldiers by Irgun Zvai Leumi terrorist, British troops rioted in Tel Aviv, killing five Jews.

War
The Italian parliament ratified the country's peace treaty after a seven-day debate.

Indianica
The princely states of Hyderabad and Travancore announced that they would join the Dominion of India.

Politics and government
Dutch authorities in Batavia established autonomous areas in the tin-producing islands of Billiton and Bangka and the bauxite-rich Riow Archipelago, formerly considered part of Indonesia.

U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Republican--Ohio) launched his campaign for the 1948 Republican Party U.S. presidential nomination in a speech to 1,300 Ohio Republican leaders in Columbus.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Export-Import Bank approved a $13-million loan to Austria.

Labour
Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray wrote to American Federation of Labor President William Green, reiterating his proposal that the two organizations take common action on economic and political problems without waiting for a corporate merger.

60 years ago
1957


Diplomacy
Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill called for a reform of the United Nations charter to save "the whole structure" from collapse.

The West German government recalled Rudolf Lahr, chief of the W.G. delegation to Soviet-German political and economic talks in Moscow, following the Soviet refusal to discuss repatriation of an estimated 80,000 Germans still in the U.S.S.R.

The United States announced its recognition of the Republic of Tunisia.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower defended the appointment of businessman Maxwell Gluck as U.S. Ambassador to Ceylon, denying that Mr. Gluck's political contributions to the Republican Party had been mentioned when his name was submitted for the post.

Defense
The joint U.S.-Canada DEW (Distant Early Warning) Line of radar stations began operating in the Northwest Territories.

Politics and government
Madeo Sabbatini, leader of Argentina's People's Radical Party, called on the Intransigent Radicals to join him to create a force capable of winning the 1958 presidential and legislative elections.

Football
WIFU-IRFU
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (1-0) 30 @ Toronto (0-1) 9

The Roughriders scored 20 points in the 2nd quarter as they overcame a 9-0 deficit and defeated the Argonauts before 16,073 fans at Varsity Stadium. Pete O'Garro and Bobby Kuntz of the Argonauts and Ron Atchison of the Roughriders were ejected with about 5 minutes remaining in the game, as the game degenerated into violence, prompting referee Seymour Wilson to consider calling the game.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Caza--Juan y Junior (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Coronet Blue, starring Frank Converse, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Saturday

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: My Broken Souvenirs--Pussycat (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Stacy Moskowitz, 20
. U.S. crime victim. Miss Moskowitz was shot to death, and her date, Robert Violante, was seriously wounded, as they sat in a parked car in Brooklyn, New York, becoming the final victims of David Berkowitz, who committed the crimes using the alias "Son of Sam." He was arrested 10 days later.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Joseph E. Levine, 81
. U.S. film producer. Mr. Levine was producer or executive producer (often uncredited) for such movies as Godzilla, King of the Monsters! (1956); Two Women (1960); Long Day's Journey Into Night (1962); Zulu (1964); The Carpetbaggers (1964); Santa Claus Conquers the Martians (1964); Darling (1965); The Oscar (1966); The Graduate (1967); The Producers (1968); The Lion in Winter (1968); Carnal Knowledge (1971); and A Bridge Too Far (1977).

Hit parade
One Love, the first single by London’s Michelle Iurman, was added to the playlist of London radio station CJBK.

Disasters
27 people were killed, 253 injured, and hundreds left homeless when a tornado struck southeastern Edmonton. Property damage was in excess of $250 million. It was the second worst tornado disaster in Canadian history—after the Regina cyclone of 1912—and Canada’s worst natural disaster since Hurricane Hazel claimed 80 lives in Ontario in 1954. The 1988 World Almanac and Book of Facts neglected to mention the Edmonton tornado among the year’s disasters.

World events
Hundreds of people were killed or injured as Iranian Muslim pilgrims battled Saudi police near the Grand Mosque in Mecca. The Iranians had reportedly shouted denunciations of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., and Israel, and had raised portraits of Iran’s Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, in defiance of a prohibition on political demonstrations during the annual pilgrimage.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. presented to the arms-control talks in Geneva a draft treaty on replacing long-range nuclear weapons, two months after the U.S.A. had presented a similar draft treaty. The Soviet Union linked such an agreement to curbs on the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative.

Journalism
British Attorney General Sir Patrick Mayhew announced a suit against the London newspaper Sunday Telegraph in an attempt to prevent publication of details from the book Spycatcher by Peter Wright.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at a record high of 2,572.07.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (4-1) 20 @ Hamilton (3-3) 21

Bernie Ruoff’s single on a 35-yard missed field goal attempt with 1:37 remaining in regulation time gave the Tiger-Cats their win over the Lions before 18,088 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. The turning point in the game came in the 3rd quarter. The Lions led 17-13, and Larry Crawford’s 87-yard punt return for a B.C. touchdown was called back on a penalty. Two plays later, Hamilton middle linebacker Ben Zambiasi intercepted a Roy Dewalt pass and returned it 22 yards for a touchdown to put the Tiger-Cats ahead. Steve Stapler scored the other Tiger-Cat touchdown on a 34-yard pass from Tom Porras in the 1st quarter. Jim Sandusky scored both B.C. touchdowns, on a 21-yard pass from Mr. Dewalt in the 1st quarter, and a 31-yard pass from Mr. Dewalt in the 3rd quarter.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): It's My Life--Dr. Alban

Died on this date
G. Harrold Carswell, 72
. U.S. judge. Mr. Carswell was chief judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida from 1958-1969 and a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit from 1969-1970. He was nominated for the Supreme Court of the United States by President Richard Nixon in 1970 but was rejected by the U.S. Senate by a vote of 51-45. Opposition to Judge Carswell's nomination centred around his support for racial segregation during an unsuccessful bid for the Georgia legislature in 1948, and especially, the fact that 58% of his decisions as a district court judge had been reversed by higher courts. Mr. Carswell resigned from the bench to run for the Republican party nomination for a U.S. Senate seat in Florida but was unsuccessful, and he eventually returned to the practice of law.

Diplomacy
The republic of Georgia joined the United Nations.

Disasters
Thai Airways International Flight 311, an A310-304, crashed into a mountain north of Kathmandu, Nepal, killing all 113 people on board.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): D'You Know What I Mean--Oasis (2nd week at #1)

Football
CFL
Montreal (3-3) 8 @ Toronto (5-1) 46
Saskatchewan (3-3) 34 @ Edmonton (5-1) 37

Tony Burse rushed 2 yards for his second touchdown of the game with 6:48 remaining in regulation time, and Danny McManus completed an 11-yard TD pass to Eddie Brown with 3:19 remaining as the Eskimos overcame a 27-20 deficit to defeat the Roughriders before 30,917 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Willie Pless rushed 1 yard for another Edmonton touchdown, and Sean Fleming added 4 converts and 3 field goals.

10 years ago
2007


War
Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and the longest-running British Army operation ever, came to an end after 38 years.

The United Nations Security Council unanimously approved the establishment of Operation Saturn, a peacekeeping operation in Darfur, Sudan, with assistance from the African Union; Canada sent a small contingent, providing monitoring, humanitarian aid and armoured vehicle training.

July 30, 2017

125 years ago
1792


Franciana
The national anthem, La Marseillaise by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, was first sung in Paris.

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
U.S. Army General Philip Sheridan, military governor of the Fifth Military District (Texas and Louisiana), removed James Throckmorton from office as Governor of Texas. Gov. Throckmorton, who had held the office for a year, was regarded as too lenient toward former Confederates, and unfavourable toward civil rights for Negroes. He was succeeded by Elisha Pease.

Disasters
More than 100 men were killed in a mine explosion in Moravia.

125 years ago
1892


Education
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, in Winnipeg v. Barrett, overruled the Supreme Court of Canada and upheld the Manitoba government's right to abolish separate, i.e., Roman Catholic schools.

90 years ago
1927


Canadiana
Prince George (later King George VI) arrived in Québec City with the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VIII) and British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin to begin a country-wide tour on the occasion of Canada’s Diamond Jubilee.

80 years ago
1937


Transportation
Canadian Minister of Transport C. D. Howe flew to Vancouver in a "Dawn to Dusk Across Canada" trip to start the new Trans-Canada Air Lines service.

75 years ago
1942


War
Soviet troops fell back at many points south and southeast of Bataisk, 15 miles below Rostov on the Don River. Japanese troops occupied the Kai, Tanimbar, and Aroe groups of islands between Australia and New Guinea. Allied fighters reportedly shot down 9 of 49 Japanese raiders on Port Darwin on the north Australia coast. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill creating a women's auxiliary agency in the Navy known as Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service, or WAVES. The U.S. Senate completed action on the $974,634,000 bill authorizing naval aviation and shore facilities.

Defense
U.S. industrialist Henry Kaiser told U.S. Senate committees that his shipyards could build 70-ton cargo planes in 10 months and 200-ton planes in 14 months.

Crime
7 of 28 individuals in the United States indicted on July 21 for sedition entered pleas in Washington of not guilty.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Joseph Cook, 86
. Prime Minister of Australia, 1913-1914. Sir Joseph, a native of England who emigrated to Australia at the age of 24, was a member of several parties during his career. He represented Hartley in the New South Wales Parliament from 1891-1901 and then moved into federal politics, representing Parramutta in the Australian Parliament from 1901-1921. Sir Joseph led the Commonwealth Liberal Party to a narrow win in the 1913 general election, but lost power in the 1914 election, shortly after Australia's entry into World War I. Sir Joseph served as Australia's High Commissioner to the United Kingdom from 1921-1927.

War
Australia and India appealed to the United Nations to halt the Dutch campaign in Indonesia, while U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin announced that Britain would refuse to supply the Netherlands with weapons and material for use in Indonesia.

Terrorism
In retaliation for the previous day's execution of three members of the Irgun Zvai Leumi, the Jewish organization hanged two British soldiers who had been kidnapped on July 12.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Palestine Inquiry Commission voted in Geneva to visit refugee camps in central Europe and examine the situation of stateless Jews.

Politics and government
Socialist Unity Party leader Max Seydewitz was elected President of Saxony in Soviet-occupied Germany.

U.S. Senator Chapman Revercomb (Republican--West Virginia) was named chairman of a Senate Judiciary subcommittee to study the possible immigration of European refugees to the United States.

Economics and finance
The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration suspended relief shipments to northern China until it could arrange for distribution of a "fair share" of the shipments to Communist-controlled areas.

60 years ago
1957


Politics and government
Former Wisconsin Governor Walter Jodock defeated six rivals to win the Republican Party primary for the U.S. Senate seat vacated by the death of Joseph McCarthy on May 2. William Proxmire defeated Rep. Clement Zablocki in the Democratic primary.

Transportation
U.S. Maritime Administrator Clarence Morse disclosed plans for the first nuclear-powered U.S. merchant ship, a 21,000-ton vessel to be completed in 1960 at a cost of $42 million.

50 years ago
1967


Music
The Monkees performed at Chicago Stadium.

Protest
Four days of race riots began in Milwaukee.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (2-2) 7 @ Ottawa (1-2-1) 20

Russ Jackson completed a 26-yard touchdown pass to Don Gilbert in the 4th quarter and a 5-yard TD pass to Whit Tucker on the last play of the game to lead the Rough Riders over the Roughriders at Lansdowne Park.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ti Amo'--Umberto Tozzi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Sam--Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): I Feel Love--Donna Summer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb
2 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
3 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
4 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
5 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
6 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise
7 Looks Like We Made It--Barry Manilow
8 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
9 Do You Wanna Make Love--Peter McCann
10 You Made Me Believe in Magic--Bay City Rollers

Singles entering the chart were Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band by Meco (#75); That's Rock 'n' Roll by Shaun Cassidy (#77); L.A. Sunshine by War (#82); The Greatest Love of All by George Benson (#83); Help is on its Way by Little River Band (#89); It's Uncanny by Daryl Hall and John Oates (#96); Take Me Home by Balcones Fault (#98); and Turning to You by Charlie (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
2 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
3 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
4 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb
5 Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA
6 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
7 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
8 Looks Like We Made It--Barry Manilow
9 It's Sad to Belong--England Dan & John Ford Coley
10 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise

Singles entering the chart were Star Wars (Main Title) by John Williams and the London Symphony Orchestra (#89); It's a Crazy World by Mac McAnally (#90); Cold as Ice by Foreigner (#91); Hold on Baby by Charity Brown (#92); Edge of the Universe by the Bee Gees (#93); Don't Worry Baby by B.J. Thomas (#94); Dancer by Ken Tobias (#95); It was Almost Like a Song by Ronnie Milsap (#96); Keep it Coming Love by K.C. and the Sunshine Band (#97); A.P.B. by Toulouse (#98); Boogie Nights by Heatwave (#99); and Hard Rock Cafe by Carole King (#100).

Disasters
The second typhoon to hit Taiwan in six days hit the northern part of the country, killing 11 people, including 5 who were crushed to death when a steel bridge support collapsed in downtown Taipei.

30 years ago
1987


Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.8% in June.

Disasters
A cargo plane bound from Mexico City to Miami that was carrying 10 people and 18 prize jumping horses crashed just after takeoff, killing 1 passenger, 53 people on the ground, and all the horses.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Ain't No Doubt--Jimmy Nail (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Joe Shuster, 78
. Canadian-born U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Shuster and friend Jerry Siegel created the character Superman in 1934 and sold the rights to the character in 1938 for $130. After both men were found to be living in poverty, Warner Communications granted each of the men an annual pension of $20,000 in 1975.

Brenda Marshall, 76. Philippine-born U.S. actress. Miss Marshall, born Ardis Ankerson, appeared in movies such as The Sea Hawk (1940); Captains of the Clouds (1942); and The Constant Nymph (1943). She was married to actor William Holden from 1941-1971, and died of throat cancer.

Economics and finance
The Bank of Canada set its interest rate at 5.42%, the lowest in 19 years.

The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product had grown by only 1.4% during the second quarter of 1992.

Society
Canadian Immigration Minister Bernard Valcourt said that Canada would allow fast-track entry of up to 26,000 immigrants from the former Yugoslavia.

Olympics
The Summer Olympic Games began in Barcelona.

Hockey
A National Hockey League arbitrator ruled that Eric Lindros would play for the Philadelphia Flyers, settling a controversial trade with the Quebec Nordiques.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (3-1) 30 @ Ottawa (2-2) 25
Saskatchewan (1-3) 24 @ Hamilton (2-2) 38
British Columbia (0-4) 15 @ Winnipeg (3-1) 41
Toronto (1-3) 26 @ Calgary (4-0) 28

Tracy Ham amassed 335 yards passing on just 12 completions in 22 attempts as the Eskimos held off a late Rough Rider rally before 25,625 fans at Lansdowne Park. Mr. Ham threw touchdown passes of 80 yards to Henry “Gizmo” Williams and 3 and 59 yards to Chris Armstrong. Willie Pless scored the only Edmonton touchdown of the 2nd half, returning an interception 40 yards just 1:52 into the 3rd quarter. Ottawa quarterback Tom Burgess rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 1st quarter and completed touchdown passes of 8 yards to Stephen Jones and 25 yards to Robert Gordon in the 4th quarter. Mr. Williams finished with 185 yards on 4 receptions, while Mr. Armstrong caught 4 for 108. Edmonton running back Blake Ezor, playing his first CFL game replacing the departed Mike Pringle, rushed 9 times for just 15 yards, and lost a fumble.

Damon Allen completed 3 touchdown passes to Earl Winfield and rushed for a touchdown of his own to lead the Tiger-Cats past the Roughriders before 21,023 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Vernon Maxwell returned an interception 29 yards for the other Hamilton touchdown. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin rushed for one touchdown and completed touchdown passes to Ray Elgaard and Don Narcisse.

Matt Dunigan rushed for 2 touchdowns and completed touchdown passes to Rob Crifo and Larry Thompson as the Blue Bombers beat the Lions before 23,293 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Robert Mimbs rushed 3 yards for the other Winnipeg touchdown. Jon Volpe rushed 19 times for 99 yards, including a 2-yard touchdown for B.C.

Mark McLoughlin’s 35-yard field goal with 6 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Stampeders the victory over the Argonauts in a rematch of the 1991 Grey Cup teams. The winning score came 57 seconds after Toronto’s Lance Chomyc kicked a 30-yard field goal to put the Argonauts ahead. Calgary quarterback Doug Flutie rushed for 2 touchdowns and completed a 39-yard touchdown pass to Allen Pitts in the 1st quarter. Toronto quarterback Rickey Foggie completed touchdown passes to Paul Masotti, David Williams, and Darrell K. Smith. 31,504 attended the game at McMahon Stadium.

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Bảo Đại, 83
. Emperor of Vietnam, 1926-1945; Chief of State of Vietnam, 1949-1955. Bảo Đại, born Prince Nguyễn Phúc Vĩnh Thụy, succeeded his father Khải Định on the throne. He ruled under Japanese occupation in 1945, but abdicated when Japan surrendered to Allied forces. Bảo Đại returned as head of state in 1949, but moved to Paris in 1954, and was deposed in a referendum vote--widely regarded as fraudulent--in 1955. Bảo Đại spent the rest of his life in exile in France and Monaco.

Politics and government
Phil Fontaine was elected Grand Chief of the Assembly of First Nations at their convention in Ottawa, defeating incumbent Ovide Mercredi.

Crime
Statistics Canada reported that the violent crime rate in Canada had dropped for the fourth straight year, to 973 incidents per 100,000 population, including 633 murders.

Died on this date
Michelangelo Antonioni, 94
. Italian film director and screenwriter. Mr. Antonioni was known for "art house" movies such as L'Avventura (1960) and Blowup (1966). He was the only director to win the Palme d'Or, Golden Lion, Golden Bear, and Golden Leopard.

Teoctist, 92. Romanian Orthodox Church Patriarch, 1986-2007. Teoctist, born Toader Arăpașu, succeeded Iustin Moisescu as Patriarch, and was accused of collaborating with Romania's Communist regime. He resigned after the Romanian Revolution late in 1989, but was restored to office. Patriarch Teoctist promoted ecumenical dialogue, and hosted Pope John Paul II when he visited Romania in 1999.

Ingmar Bergman, 89. Swedish film director and screenwriter. Mr. Bergman was one of the most influential filmmakers in history, with such movies as The Seventh Seal (1957); Wild Strawberries (1957); and Scenes from a Marriage (1973).

Bill Walsh, 75. U.S. football coach. Mr. Walsh served as an assistant coach with several teams, but was best known as the head coach of the Stanford University Cardinal (1977-1978, 1992-1994) and San Francisco 49ers (1979-1988), where he popularized the "West Coast" offense, which favoured more passing than rushing. Mr. Walsh led the 49ers to Super Bowl championships in 1982, and 1989, compiling a National Football League record of 92-59-1. He was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1993, and died of leukemia.

Saturday, 29 July 2017

July 29, 2017

450 years ago
1567


Britannica
James VI was crowned King of Scotland at Stirling.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
William Powell
. U.S. actor. Mr. Powell was one of the most popular leading men in movies in the 1930s. He was romantically teamed with Myrna Loy in 14 films, including the six movies in the Thin Man series (1934-1947). Mr. Powell was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for The Thin Man (1934); My Man Godfrey (1936); and Life with Father (1947). He also played fictional detective Philo Vance in five films, including The Canary Murder Case (1929) and The Kennel Murder Case (1933). Mr. Powell retired from acting after Mr. Roberts (1955). In addition to his movies, Mr. Powell put his fine speaking voice to good use in radio dramas, including several episodes of Suspense. When Don Adams starred in the television comedy series Get Smart (1965-1970), he used an exaggerated imitation of Mr. Powell's voice for the voice of Maxwell Smart. Mr. Powell died on March 5, 1984 at the age of 91.

110 years ago
1907


Britannica
Sir Robert Baden-Powell set up the Brownsea Island Scout camp in Poole Harbour on the south coast of England. The camp ran from August 1 to August 9, 1907, and was regarded as the foundation of the Scouting movement.

80 years ago
1937


War
The East Hopei Army attacked Japanese troops and civilians in what became known as the Tungchow Mutiny in Tongzhou, China.

75 years ago
1942


War
Despite stiffening Soviet resistance, German troops continued to advance into the Caucasus south of Rostov. Yugoslavian General Draja Mikhailovich's forces captured the village of Ugrugora on the Dalmatian coast and destroyed harbour installations at Port Selekhin. The Canadian Senate passed a draft amendment permitting overseas service for conscripted men. The U.S. Navy Department created a unified command in the Aleutian Islands off Alaska to supervise joint naval and air operations. The U.S. Supreme Court heard the appeal for a writ of habeas corpus so that seven of eight German accused saboteurs could be tried in civil court rather than by a military commission.

Society
U.S. Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization Earl Harrison reported a total of 934,100 German, Italian, and Japanese aliens had registered.

Oil
The U.S. War Production Board suspended deliveries of fuel oil for heating and cooling in 12 eastern states from August 3-September 15 in order to increase reserve stocks for winter.

Technology
Dr. Grinnell Jones of Harvard University announced in Cambridge, Massachusetts that he and Dr. Walter Juda had perfected a new fire-resistant chemical known as "F.A.M.," which could be sprayed on wood to make it virtually fireproof.

70 years ago
1947


War
An Indian-owned transport plane piloted by two Britons was shot down by Dutch fighters as it flew from Singapore to Jakarta with a load of medical supplies.

World events
Refugees from the immigrant ship Exodus 1947, returned to France by British authorities while en route to Palestine, refused to disembark from British transports at Port de Bouc.

Terrorism
British authorities in Palestine hanged three members of the Jewish organization Irgun Zvai who had been convicted of the May 4 raid on Acres prison, which had enabled 251 Jewish and Arab prisoners to escape.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. cast its 11th veto in the United Nations Security Council when it rejected a UN resolution to establish a two-year frontiers commission for the Balkans.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. announced the signing of a trade and credit agreement with Yugoslavia.

Crime
Mrs. Elizabeth Ingalls, convicted of enslaving her Negro maid Dora Jones, was fined $2,500 and ordered to pay $6,000 in damages to Ms. Jones.

Religion
The Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri and Ohio, meeting in Chicago, passed a resolution calling for unity with the American Lutheran Church.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear/Loving You--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1); (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1)

On television tonight
Tonight, on NBC

This broadcast marked Jack Paar's first appearance as host.

Politics and government
Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba announced the formation of a new cabinet, which would not be responsible to the National Assembly.

Robert Anderson took office as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury in the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Energy
U.S. President Eisenhower signed a bill completing U.S. ratification of the International Atomic Energy Agency, officially bringing the organization into existence.

Environment
12 leading American scientists warned that stratospheric fallout from nuclear tests tended to concentrate in Northern Hemispheric zones located beneath the high-altitude jet stream.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and Yugoslavia signed a $250-million aid agreement in Moscow.

Oil
Acting upon the recommendation of the special cabinet committee on oil imports, U.S. President Eisenhower urged major oil-importing companies to cut imports voluntarily by 10% of their 1954-56 averages.

Boxing
Floyd Patterson (32-1) defended his world heavyweight title for the first time, scoring a technical knockout of Tommy "Hurricane" Jackson (29-6-1) at 1:52 of the 10th round at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Patterson had defeated Archie Moore on November 30, 1956 to win the title vacated by the retirement of Rocky Marciano.



50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles

#1 single in France: Adios Amor--Sheila

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La coppia più bella del mondo--Adriano Celentano (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Meine Liebe zu dir--Roy Black

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Light My Fire--The Doors

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Can't Take My Eyes Off You--Frankie Valli (2nd week at #1)
2 Light My Fire--The Doors
3 Windy--The Association
4 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension
5 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
6 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
7 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
8 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
9 C'mon Marianne--The 4 Seasons
10 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie

Singles entering the chart were All You Need is Love (#27)/Baby, You're a Rich Man (#90) by the Beatles; Fakin' It by Simon & Garfunkel (#76); You're My Everything by the Temptations (#78); Run, Run, Run by the Third Rail (#86); A Thousand Shadows by the Seeds (#88); It's a Happening World by the Tokens (#92); Crying Like a Baby by the Jive Five (#94); Some Kind of Wonderful by the Soul Brothers Six (#96); My Heart Cries for You by Connie Francis (#99); and It Could Be We're in Love by the Cryan' Shames (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
2 Light My Fire--The Doors
3 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension
4 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
5 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
6 Windy--The Association
7 Can't Take My Eyes Off You--Frankie Valli
8 C'mon Marianne--The 4 Seasons
9 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
10 Mercy, Mercy, Mercy--The Buckinghams

Singles entering the chart were All You Need is Love by the Beatles (#49); Baby I Love You by Aretha Franklin (#63); It's a Happening World by the Tokens (#73); Glory of Love by Otis Redding (#83); Cry Softly Lonely One by Roy Orbison (#87); Happy by the Blades of Grass (#90); Don't You Miss Me a Little Bit Baby by Jimmy Ruffin (#91); Shoot Your Shot by Jr. Walkres & the All-Stars (#92); The Look of Love by Dusty Springfield (#94); I'll Never Find Another You by Sonny James (#95); Slippin' and Slidin' by Willie Mitchell (#96); Lonesome Road by the Wonder Who (#97); Penny Arcade by the Cyrkle (#98); Heaven and Hell by the Easybeats (#99); and A Thousand Shadows by the Seeds (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
2 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
3 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
4 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
5 The Flower Children--Marcia Strassman
6 Sunny Goodge Street--Tom Northcott
7 Pleasant Valley Sunday/Words--The Monkees
8 Brown Eyed Girl--Van Morrison
9 Don't Go Out Into the Rain (You're Going to Melt)--Herman's Hermits
10 Jackson--Nancy Sinatra and Lee Hazlewood

Singles entering the chart were (I Wanna) Testify by the Parliaments (#37); Good Times by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#41); Fakin' It by Simon & Garfunkel (#43); Let the Good Times Roll & Feel So Good by Bunny Sigler (#47); Thank the Lord for the Night Time by Neil Diamond (#48); Things I Should Have Said by the Grass Roots (#49); and I Take What I Want by James & Bobby Purify (#50).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
2 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
3 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
4 Sunny Goodge Street--Tom Northcott
5 Brown Eyed Girl--Van Morrison
6 Light My Fire--The Doors
7 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
8 Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead--The Fifth Estate
9 Pictures of Lily--The Who
10 My World Fell Down--Sagittarius

Singles entering the chart were Thank the Lord for the Night Time by Neil Diamond (#23); Fakin' It by Simon & Garfunkel (#24); Good Times/San Franciscan Nights by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#28); Baby I Love You by Aretha Franklin (#29); and To Love Somebody by the Bee Gees.

Disasters
The U.S. Navy supercarrier USS Forrestal caught fire off the coast of North Vietnam, killing 134 and injuring 161 in the worst U.S. naval disaster since World War II.

During the fourth day of celebrating its 400th anniversary, the city of Caracas was shaken by an earthquake, leaving approximately 500 dead.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Ma Baker--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Rockollection--Laurent Voulzy (7th week at #1)

Died on ths date
Emanuel Jaques, 12
. Portuguese-born Canadian murder victim. Master Emanuel, the son of Portuguese immigrants, was working as a shoeshine boy on Yonge Street in Toronto when he was lured into an apartment with the promise of money for help in moving photographic equipment. He was then tortured and sexually abused by four sodomites before being strangled and drowned in a kitchen sink. One of the killers turned himself in several days later; Emanuel's body was found on the roof of the building where he was killed, and the other killers were arrested at Sioux Lookout, Ontario as they were travelling westward by train. Details of the crime shocked Toronto and the rest of Canada.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Abba-esque--Erasure (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Michel "Bunny" Larocque, 40
. Canadian hockey goaltender. Mr. Larocque played with the Montreal Canadiens (1973-81); Toronto Maple Leafs (1981-83); Philadelphia Flyers (1983); and St. Louis Blues (1983-84), compiling a record of 160-89-45 with a goals against average of 3.33 and 17 shutouts in 312 regular season games and 6-6 with a GAA of 2.92 and 1 shutout in 14 playoff games. He backed up Ken Dryden for five seasons in Montreal, sharing four Vezina Trophies and playing with four Stanley Cup championship teams from 1976-79. Mr. Larocque led the National Hockey League with a GAA of 2.09 in 1976-77, playing in 26 games. He usually played against weaker teams when backing up Mr. Dryden, which partially explained his excellent GAA. Mr. Larocque died of brain cancer.

War
General Lewis Mackenzie's Canadian United Nations peacekeepers handed over Sarajevo Airport to a French relief force; the 800 Canadians returned to their base in Croatia.

World events
A United Nations delegation concluded two days of inspections of the offices of Iraq’s agriculture ministry and reported that they had found nothing to document the production of weapons.

Scandal
Former U.S. Defense Secretary Clark Clifford and associate Robert Altman were indicted on charges that they had misled banking regulators about Bank of Credit & Commerce International’s control of First American Bankshares Inc., the largest bank in Washington, D.C. From 1982-1991 Messrs. Clifford and Altman had been top executives with First American. The U.S. Federal Reserve Board announced that it had filed a civil suit against Messrs. Clifford and Altman, and Manhattan District Attorney Robert Morgenthau announced that the two men had been indicted for conspiracy and bribery and other charges. Mr. Morgenthau also filed a civil suit against Messrs. Clifford and Altman, announced indictments against four top BCCI officials, and stated that BCCI had defrauded depositors of $5 billion.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Michel Serrault, 79
. French actor. Mr. Serrault appeared in more than 150 movies, including Les Diaboliques (1954) and La Cage aux folles (1978), in a career spanning more than 50 years.

Tom Snyder 71. U.S. broadcaster. Mr. Snyder was best known as host of the television talk shows Tomorrow (1973-1982) and The Late Late Show (1995-1999). He died of leukemia.

Golf
Jim Furyk won the Canadian Open for the second straight year, with a 16-under-par score of 268, 1 stroke ahead of Vijay Singh, at Angus Glen Golf Club (North Course) in Markham, Ontario. First prize money was $900,000.

Thursday, 27 July 2017

July 28, 2017

1,075 years ago
942


Died on this date
Shi Jingtang, 50
. Emperor of China, 936-942. Shi Jingtang was the first Emperor of the Later Jin; he died of an illness and was succeeded by his son Shi Chonggui.

170 years ago
1847


Londonia
London, Canada West was incorporated as a city.

Canadiana
Brantford, Canada West was incorporated as a city.

120 years ago
1897


Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier imposed a new 2% royalty on minerals from Canadian mines; it was primarily a tax on Klondike gold to pay for law enforcement.

75 years ago
1942


War
U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin issued Order No. 227:
In response to alarming German advances, all those who retreat or otherwise leave their positions without orders to do so are to be tried in a military court, with punishment ranging from duty in a shtrafbat battalion, imprisonment in a Gulag, or execution.

The Soviet government announced that German forces had crossed the Don River to the south bank of Tsimlyansk, 120 miles northeast of Rostov, despite heavy losses. Allied patrols reportedly drove Japanese forces back halfway along a 120-mile road to the Allied base at Port Moresby, New Guinea. Chinese troops routed Japanese forces near Kiangshan in Chekiang Province and widened their hold to 50 miles on the Hangchow-Nanchang railway.

Diplomacy
The Swedish ocean liner Gripsholm left Portuguese East Africa with American nationals bound for the United States.

Politics and government
Virtually all Negroes were turned away from the polls in the Arkansas Democratic Party primary.

Labour
Officials of the U.S. War, Navy, Commerce, and Labor Departments; Maritime Commission; War Manpower Commission; War Production Board; and Public Health Service signed a statement in Washington recommending an 8-hour day, 48-hour workweek industry schedule.

U.S. Office of War Information director Elmer Davis urged American Federation of Musicians President James Petrillo to withdraw his order barring musicians from making recordings for radio or commercial use after July 31.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Peg o' My Heart--The Harmonicats (5th week at #1)
--Three Suns
--Art Lund
--Buddy Clark
--Clark Dennis
2 Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)--Perry Como and the Satisfiers
3 I Wonder, I Wonder, I Wonder--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
4 That's My Desire--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Frankie Laine and Mannie Klein's All-Stars
5 Across the Alley from the Alamo--The Mills Brothers
6 Temptation (Tim-Tayshun)--Red Ingles and his Natural Seven
7 Ivy--Jo Stafford
--Woody Herman with the Four Chips
8 Tallahassee--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
9 Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)--Tex Williams and his Western Caravan
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
10 Mam'selle--Art Lund
--Dick Haymes
--Frank Sinatra
--Dennis Day
--Pied Pipers

The only single entering the chart was Old Devil Moon, with versions by Margaret Whiting, and Gene Krupa and his Orchestra (#22).

Died on this date
Joseph Brodsky, 57
. U.S. lawyer. Mr. Brodsky, a Communist, represented the "Scottsboro Boys"--Negro youths who had been accused of raping two white women in Alabama in 1931.

War
Worldwide protests against the Dutch campaign in Indonesia grew as Dutch troops continued to advance in Java and Sumatra. All-India Congress Party leader Jawaharlal Nehru called the attack a threat to world peace, while 10 unions and political parties in Singapore agreed to organize a volunteer force to fight the Dutch.

Politics and government
The Romanian government dissolved the conservative Peasant Party for allegedly conspiring with foreign interests against Romanian sovereignty.

U.S. House of Representatives Majority Leader Charles Halleck (Republican--Indiana) said that the Republican-controlled House wanted to be recognized by President Harry Truman as a "full-fledged partner" in conducting foreign affairs.

Society
The New York State Supreme Court confirmed Metropolitan Life Insurance Company's right to bar Negroes from its Stuyvesant Town development in Manhattan, New York City.

Scandal
A U.S. Senate War Investigating subcommittee opened hearings on two government contracts with the Howard Hughes aircraft firm for planes that never saw wartime service.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Agriculture Department ended industrial sugar rationing and insituted inventory controls to prevent "a mad scramble for sugar."

60 years ago
1957


War
Sir Bernard Burrows, British political resident for the Persian Gulf, said that Oman rebellion had been "very much exaggerated" by outsiders, claiming that the revolt actually consisted of a few hundred men led by Talib bin Ali, the Imam's brother.

The North Korean-People's Republic of China Command accused the U.S. Command of violating the Korean armistice, and demanded that the Allies "remove for Korea all combat material illegally introduced."

Politics and government
Eight million Argentine voters--a 90.1% turnout of eligible voters--cast ballots for a Constituent Assembly in the first national elections to be held since the 1955 ouster of the regime of President Juan Peron. The Unión Cívica Radical Intransigente (UCRI) (Intransigent Radical Civic Union) won 77 seats in the 205-seat Assembly, while the Unión Cívica Radical (UCR) (Radical Civic Union) took 75 seats.

Economics and finance
United Business Service predicted that the long-term economic outlook for the United States was "inflationary."

Disasters
Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyushu, Japan killed 992.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Windy--The Association
2 I Take it Back--Sandy Posey
3 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
4 Let's Live for Today--The Grass Roots
5 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Some Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
6 Laborer--The 49th Parallel
7 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
8 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
9 My Friend--Willie & the Walkers
10 Mercy, Mercy, Mercy--The Buckinghams
Pick hit of the week: Blue--The Lords
New this week: Agnes English--John Fred and his Playboy Band
Bittersweet--Lennie Richards and the Nomads
Lady Friend--The Byrds
Heroes and Villains--The Beach Boys
Jill--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
Things I Should Have Said--The Grass Roots

Music
The Monkees performed at Cincinnati Gardens.

Space
The United States launched the satellite Orbiting Geophysical Laboratory (OGO) 4 into a polar orbit from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

Torontonia
The Caribana Festival was founded by Torontonians with a common West Indian heritage.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (2-1) 26 @ Toronto (2-1) 24

Jim Cambridge returned a kickoff 100 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter to provide the winning margin for the Roughriders as they edged the Argonauts before 24,156 fans at CNE Stadium. Hugh Campbell and Bob Kosid scored the other Saskatchewan touchdowns, while Wally Gabler, Jim Greth, and Jerry Bradley scored the Toronto TDs.

40 years ago
1977


Economics and finance
The British government of Prime Minister James Callaghan nationalized the steel industry; the new British Steel Corporation took over 13 major companies.

30 years ago
1987


Died on this date
James Burnham, 81
. U.S. political activist and journalist. Mr. Burnham was a Trotskyist who helped to organize the American Workers Party in 1933. In 1940 he broke with Marxism; he later joined the conservative movement and helped William F. Buckley found the magazine National Review in 1955. Mr. Burnham's books included The Managerial Revolution (1941) and Suicide of the West (1964).

Died on tis date
Jack Renshaw, 77
. Australian politician. Mr. Renshaw, a member of the Labour Party, held various offices before succeeding the retiring Bob Heffron as Premier of New South Wales on April 30, 1964. The Labour Party had been in power since 1941 and was voted out of office on May 1, 1965; Mr. Renshaw officially left office on May 13 and was succeeded by Liberal Party leader Bob Askin. Mr. Renshaw retired as Labour Party leader after another unsuccessful state election in 1968; he died 11 days before his 78th birthday.

Protest
A two-day general strike that had paralyzed major cities in Panama concluded.

25 years ago
1992


Crime
Sheik Kamal Adham, former head of the Saudi Arabian intelligence agency, pled guilty to conspiring with Bank of Credit & Commerce International officials to illegally purchase First American Bankshares Inc., the largest bank in Washington, D.C., in 1982. Sheik Adham agreed to co-operate with U.S. investigators.

Popular culture
Time Warner Inc. announced that it would delete the song Cop Killer from Body Count, the latest album of rap artist Ice-T. Police associations had objected to the lyrics, and police officers had demonstrated against Time Warner and organized boycotts. Actor Charlton Heston had also publicly denounced the song.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 MMMBop--Hanson (3rd week at #1)
2 Bitch--Meredith Brooks
3 A Change Will Do You Good--Sheryl Crow
4 Semi-Charmed Life--Third Eye Blind
5 Building a Mystery--Sarah McLachlan
6 2 Become 1--Spice Girls
7 All for You--Sister Hazel
8 Sunny Came Home--Shawn Colvin
9 Whatever--En Vogue
10 Sitting on Top of the World--Amanda Marshall

Singles entering the chart were Everybody by Backstreet Boys (#49); It Could Happen to You by Blue Rodeo (#85); Get in the Car by Moxy Fruvous (#87); Say What You Want by Texas (#88); Break My Stride by Unique II (#90); D'You Know What I Mean by Oasis (#92); and Sick and Beautiful by Artificial Joy Club (#93).

Died on this date
Seni Pramoj, 92
. Prime Minister of Thailand, 1945-1946; 1975; 1976. Mr. Pramoj, a great-grandson of King Rama II, was a leader of the Free Thai Movement during World War II. He was a longtime member of the Democrat Party and served three brief terms as Prime Minister: September 17, 1945-January 31, 1946; February 15-March 13, 1975; and April 20-October 6, 1976.

Hockey
NHL
Centre Mark Messier, most recently with the New York Rangers, signed a 3-year, $20-million contract with the Vancouver Canucks.

10 years ago
2007


Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-2-1) 14 @ Saskatchewan (3-2) 54
British Columbia (5-0) 32 @ Calgary (2-3) 27

Kerry Joseph threw 2 touchdown passes to Matt Dominguez and rushed for a touchdown of his own as the Roughriders took a 34-8 halftime lead and routed the Eskimos before 26,840 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina. Kyle Mitchell returned a blocked punt 16 yards for another Saskatchewan touchdown in the 2nd quarter, offensive lineman Jermese Jones recovered a teammate's fumble in the Edmonton end zone for a Roughrider touchdown in the 3rd quarter, and Mr. Joseph rushed 2 yards for his second TD of the game in the 4th quarter. Trevor Gaylor scored the only Edmonton touchdown on a 52-yard pass from Ricky Ray in the 2nd quarter.

July 27, 2017

160 years ago
1857


War
The Siege of Arrah began in India, as 18 British civilians and 50 members of the Bengal Military Police Battalion held out for eight days against a force of 2,500-3,000 mutinying sepoys and 8,000 irregular forces.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Enrique Granados Campiña
. Spanish composer. Mr. Granados wrote operas and theatrical pieces, as well as orchestral and chamber works, and works for piano. He was 48 when he and his wife Amparo visited the United States in 1916 and were on their way back to Europe aboard the British passenger ferry SS Sussex on March 24, when the ship was struck by a torpedo from a German submarine. Mr. Granados jumped from a lifeboat in an unsuccessful attempt to rescue his wife from the water, and they both drowned.

Diplomacy
Emperor Napoleon III of France hosted a state dinner for U.S. Navy Admiral David Farragut.

120 years ago
1897


Weather
Toronto had its greatest one-day rainfall, a torrent amounting to 3.88 inches (98.6 millimetres).

100 years ago
1917


Died on this date
Emil Theodor Kocher, 73
. Swiss physician. Dr. Kocher was awarded the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his work on the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid gland."

War
Allied forces reached the Yser Canal in the Battle of Passchendaele in Belgium.

75 years ago
1942


War
An estimated 600 British Royal Air Force planes dropped 175,000 incendiary bombs on Hamburg. The German Gestapo destroyed the Norwegian village of Televaag on Sotra Island in reprisal for the shooting of two Gestapo agents. Allied forces halted the final Axis advance into Egypt. Allied patrols made contact with advancing Japanese troops near Oivi, 55 miles inland from Gona Mission on New Guinea.

Canadiana
Prime Minister Mackenzie King told the House of Commons that this was not an appropriate time for proclaiming a national anthem, suggesting, "There are times and seasons for all things and this time of war when there are other more important questions with which Parliament has to deal, we might well continue to follow what has become the custom in Canada in recent years of regarding God Save The King and O Canada each as national anthems and entitled to similar recognition."

Golf
Byron Nelson shot a 5-under-par 67 in the final round to win the Tam O'Shanter classic in Chicago.

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
A Gallup Poll indicated that U.S. President Harry Truman would defeat New York Governor and leading Republican Party presidential contender Thomas Dewey in a current election, with 51% of the vote. California's state Democratic Committee refused to support the [former U.S. Vice President Henry] Wallace for President faction led by Robert Kenny.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations announced a united drive to force down retail prices by organizing more consumer cooperative stores.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Round and Round--Perry Como; The Four Lads (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Banana Boat Song--Harry Belafonte (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bye Bye Love--The Everly Brothers
2 (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear--Elvis Presley
3 Love Letters in the Sand--Pat Boone
4 I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter--Billy Williams
5 It's Not for Me to Say--Johnny Mathis
6 So Rare--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
7 Searchin'--The Coasters
8 Old Cape Cod--Patti Page
9 (Main Theme) Around the World--Victor Young and his Orchestra
--Mantovani and his Orchestra
10 White Silver Sands--Don Rondo

Singles entering the chart were In the Middle of an Island (#42)/I Am (#56) by Tony Bennett and Long Lonely Nights, with versions by Lee Andrews and the Hearts, and Clyde McPhatter (#50).

Politics and government
The day after the assassination of Guatemalan President Carlos Castillo Armas, Vice President Luis Arturo González López took over as acting President, and declared a state of siege.

Diplomacy
The Japanese Foreign Ministry protested the U.S.S.R.'s closure of Peter the Great Bay, claiming the area was the "traditional fishing grounds of Japan."

Football
WIFU
Pre-season
Calgary (1-0) 19 @ British Columbia (0-1) 14

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Black Velvet Band--Johnny Kelly (3rd week at #1)

Music
The Monkees performed at the War Memorial in Rochester, New York.

Protest
Four days of race riots in Detroit concluded with 43 dead, 1,189 injured, over 7,200 arrested, and more than 2,000 buildings destroyed.

Society
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson appointed a commission, headed by Illinois Governor Otto Kerner, to investigate the causes of race riots.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Feel Love--Donna Summer (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti concluded three days of talks in Washington with U.S. President Jimmy Carter over Italy's critical economic condition.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Commerce Department reported that the United States had set a record trade deficit of $2.82 billion during June. The figure, twice that expected by most experts and twice that reported in May, led to a 19.75-point drop in the stock market. A 26% increase in oil imports was the major factor behind the June deficit; the deficit was also attributed to the continued slower pace of economic recovery worldwide and the resultant reduction in the demand for U.S. exports.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (0-2) 1 @ Toronto (1-2) 17
Edmonton (1-1) 43 @ Winnipeg (2-1) 13

Jim Germany rushed for 3 touchdowns, including one of 96 yards, as the Eskimos routed the Blue Bombers at Winnipeg Stadium to give Hugh Campbell his first win as a CFL head coach.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): He's Gonna Step on You Again--The Party Boys

Died on this date
Travis Jackson, 83
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Jackson was a shortstop and third baseman with the New York Giants from 1922-1936. In 1,656 games he batted .291 with 135 home runs and 929 runs batted in. Mr. Jackson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1982.

World events
Panamanian riot troops arrested Roberto Diaz Herrera, a retired army colonel who had accused dictator Manuel Noriega of serious crimes. 45 others were arrested during a gunfight between soldiers and Mr. Herrera’s bodyguards.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Lithium--Nirvana (2nd week at #1)

Law
Canadian Justice Minister Kim Campbell unveiled new firearms regulations: 60 military-type weapons were banned; magazines were limited to 5 and 10 shot; and guns must be stored away from ammunition, and kept locked.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): MMMBop--Hanson (9th week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (2nd week at #1)

Abominations
About 50 people were killed--presumably by members of the Armed Islamic Group (GIA)--in the Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria.

10 years ago
2007


Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-5) 18 @ Winnipeg (3-1-1) 36

Tuesday, 25 July 2017

July 26, 2017

1,675 years ago
342


Died on this date
Cheng, 21 (?)
. Emperor of China, 325-342. Cheng, born Sima Yan, was the son of Ming, Emperor of the eastern Jin Dynasty, and succeeded his father on the throne at the age of 4. His administration was largely governed by a succession of regents until his death from an illness. Cheng was succeeded by his younger brother Emperor Kang.

170 years ago
1847


Africana
Joseph Jenkins Roberts declared Liberia, formerly a colony of the American Colonization Society, an independent republic.

150 years ago
1867


Died on this date
Otto, 52
. King of Greece, 1832-1862. Otto was a Bavarian prince who became the first modern King of Greece under the Convention of London. While on a visit to the in 1862, he was deposed. Otto took refuge on a British warship and returned to Bavaria, where he died in exile.

Adventure
The raft Nonpareil, which had departed New York on June 4, arrived at Southampton, England after crossing the Atlantic Ocean.

Diplomacy
French Emperor Napoleon III asked King Wilhelm I of Prussia to surrender the Danish districts of North Schleswig to Denmark.

130 years ago
1887


Literature
Unua Libro (First Book) by L.L. Zamenhof, was published in Russian in Warsaw. It was the first book to describe the language of Esperanto.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Sam Jones
. U.S. baseball pitcher. "Sad Sam" played with the Cleveland Indians (1914-1915); Boston Red Sox (1916-1921); New York Yankees (1922-1926); St. Louis Browns (1927); Washington Nationals (1928-1931); and Chicago White Sox (1932-1935), compiling a record of 229-217 with an earned run average of 3.84 in 647 regular season games and 0-2 with a 2.05 ERA in 6 World Series games. He was 16-5 with the Red Sox when they won the World Series in 1918; won 23 games in helping the Yankees to their first American League pennant in 1921; and was 21-8 in helping the Yankees win their first World Series championship in 1923. Mr. Jones died on July 6, 1966, 20 days before his 74th birthday and 50th wedding anniversary.

Winnipegana
The first electric car ran on Main Street.

120 years ago
1897


War
During the Anglo-Afghan War, Pashtun fakir Saidullah led an army of more than 10,000 to begin a siege of the British garrison in the Malakand Agency of the North West Frontier Province of India.

80 years ago
1937


War
The Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War ended with a Nationalist victory.

Crime
Haywood Patterson, convicted on January 23, 1937 of rape and sentenced to 75 years in prison as one of the "Scottsboro Boys"--Negro youths accused of raping two white women in Alabama in 1931--was sent to Atmore Prison Farm in Escambia County, while the other four convicted Scottsboro Boys were sent to Kilby Prison, near Montgomery.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Roberto Arlt, 42
. Argentine writer. Mr. Arlt wrote novels and plays, but was best known for his Aguafuertes (Etchings), his columns in the Buenos Aires daily newspaper El Mundo from 1928 until his death from a stroke.

War
U.K. Labour Minister Ernest Bevin warned against a second front creating a division in the country, while 50,000-60-000 demonstrators in London's Trafalgar Square demanded a second front. German forces crossed the Don River south and east of Rostov, while Romanian troops reached the Don west of Stalingrad.

Politics and government
Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho ordered the cancellation of the naturalization papers of all former Axis nationals "whose conduct casts doubt on their loyalty to Mexico."

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Peg o' My Heart--The Harmonicats (3rd week at #1)

Americana
The Library of Congress opened 18,350 papers of Abraham Lincoln for public use.

Politics and government
U.S. President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 into law, creating the Central Intelligence Agency; United States Department of Defense; United States Air Force; Joint Chiefs of Staff; and the United States National Security Council. President Truman nominated Navy Secretary James Forrestal as Defense Secretary.

Economics and finance
After a two-day debate, the French National Assembly approved French participation in the Marshall Plan.

Science
The International Congress for Microbiology in Stockholm condemned bacterial warfare and urged elimination of all secret research.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (17th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Big Beat, hosted by Alan Freed, on ABC

The third broadcast of a scheduled 13-week series showcasing rock and roll artists and others from 10:30-11:00 P.M. on Friday nights featured as guests Fats Domino; Clyde McPhatter; Dale Hawkins; Marvin Rainwater; Jimmy Newman; and Patsy Cline.

Died on this date
Carlos Castillo Armas, 42
. 28th President of Guatemala, 1954-1957. Mr. Castillo Armas took power in a coup orchestrated by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency to topple President Jacobo Árbenz. Mr. Castillo Armas banned all political parties except the National Liberation Movement (MLN) and governed as a dictator until he was assassinated in his palace by Romeo Vásquez Sánchez, a member of the presidential guard with leftist sympathies who then reportedly fled to a nearby room and committed suicide. Mr. Castillo Armas was succeeded by acting President Luis Arturo González López.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. agreed to U.S. proposals for a radio-television exchange agreement provided it be made part of negotiations toward a general accord on the improvement of U.S.-Soviet cultural relations.

Politics and government
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower named attorney William Quinn as Governor of Hawaii, to take office on July 31 upon the resignation of Samuel King.

Scandal
U.S. District Court Judge John Sirica convicted Teamsters union Vice President Frank Brewster in Washington on 31 counts of contempt of Congress for refusing to answer questions or produce subpoenaed records as demanded by the Senate Permanent Investigations subcommittee.

Boxing
Alex Miteff (11-0) scored a technical knockout of Julio Mederos (21-17-3) when Mr. Mederos was unable to come out for the start of the 7th round of their heavyweight bout at Capitol Arena in Washington.

Baseball
International League President Frank Shaughnessy was quoted in the New York World Telegram & Sun as saying that there was a possibility that the IL could put a franchise in Jersey City, with Brooklyn as the next goal, and ultimately gaining major league status for the league.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (3rd week at #1)
2 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
3 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
4 Waterloo Sunset--The Kinks
5 This is My Song--Petula Clark
6 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
7 Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw
8 Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead--The Fifth Estate
9 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
10 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies

Singles entering the chart were All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man; I Take it Back by Sandy Posey (#25); Up-Up and Away by the 5th Dimension (#34); Lady/Good Evening Girl by Johnny Young (#38); Come on Down to My Boat by Every Mother's Son (#39); and Woman You're Breaking Me by the Groop (#40).

Diplomacy
French President Charles de Gaulle ended his controversial Canadian tour and flew home to France, after a rebuke from Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson for his "Vive le Québec libre!" statement in Montreal two days earlier.

Religion
Pope Paul VI concluded his two-day peace pilgrimage to Turkey by celebrating eucharist at the Church of St Anthony in Istanbul before visiting Ephesus and Smyrna.
He addressed messages to Roman Catholic and Orthodox believers in Ephesus, and visited the Cathedral of St. John in Smyrna.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-2) 14 @ Hamilton (0-3) 8
Ottawa (0-2-1) 18 @ British Columbia (2-0-1) 18

Dave Raimey rushed 83 yards for a touchdown in the 1st quarter and Phil Minnick returned a fumble for a TD 28 seconds into the 3rd quarter as the Blue Bombers defeated the Tiger-Cats at Civic Stadium. Willie Bethea scored the Hamilton touchdown in the 4th quarter on a 24-yard pass from Joe Zuger.

Ted Gerela's 34-yard field goal on the last play of the game gave the Lions their tie against the Rough Riders at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Jim Young and Sonny Homer scored B.C. touchdowns, while Rick Black and Ron Stewart scored Ottawa TDs.

40 years ago
1977


Died on this date
Gena Branscombe, 95
. Canadian-born U.S. composer. Miss Branscombe, a native of Picton, Ontario, was best known for her vocal and choral works, including Pilgrims of Destiny (1919).

Politics and government
The National Assembly of Quebec imposed the use of French as the official language of the provincial government.

Disasters
A brush fire destroyed more than 185 homes--each valued at upward of more than $100,000--in Santa Barbara, California. The fire started in the affluent residential community of Montecito when a box kite became entangled in high-voltage power lines.

Hockey
NHL
The Toronto Maple Leafs named Roger Neilson as their new head coach, replacing Red Kelly.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-2) 6 @ Montreal (3-0) 17
Saskatchewan (1-2) 24 @ British Columbia (2-1) 5

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Respectable--Mel and Kim

#1 single in France: La Isla Bonita--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Jim Bishop, 79
. U.S. journalist and author. Mr. Bishop was known for books such as The Day Lincoln was Shot (1955); The Day Christ Died (1957); A Day in the Life of President Kennedy (1964); The Day Kennedy was Shot (1968); and FDR's Last Year: April 1944-April 1945 (1974).

World events
The government of Panama shut down three newspapers.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (2-3) 28 @ Saskatchewan (1-2-1) 25

Alvin Bailey returned an interception 34 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter and Jim Rockford returned a fumble 69 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter as the Tiger-Cats edged the Roughriders before 24,830 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Earl Winfield scored the other Hamilton touchdown on a 71-yard punt return with 1:13 remaining in the 1st half. The Rough Riders also scored a defensive touchdown, as defensive end Nick Hebeler returned a fumble 47 yards in the 3rd quarter. Walter Bender rushed for 2 Saskatchewan TDs, the second coming with 2:47 remaining in regulation time. Mr. Winfield led all receivers with 99 yards on 7 receptions.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'll Be There--Mariah Carey featuring Trey Lorenz (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): ABBA-esque--Erasure

#1 single in Switzerland: Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Mary Wells, 49
. U.S. singer. Miss Wells was the first of the Motown corporation's female artists to achieve success. Her biggest hit was My Guy, which reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in 1964, and reached #5 in the U.K. A contract dispute soon led to her departure from Motown, and personal and professional hardship followed. She died after battling cancer for several years.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Everybody (Backstreet's Back)--Backstreet Boys

#1 single in France (SNEP): Alane--Wes (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): MMMBop--Hanson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Alane--Wes (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (7th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-4) 19 @ Saskatchewan (3-2) 21

NFL
New York Giants' owner Wellington Mara, whose father invested $500 to buy the team in 1925, and Don Shula, who coached the Miami Dolphins to a perfect season in 1972 and won a record 328 regular-season NFL games with the Baltimore Colts and Miami, were inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

10 years ago
2007


Football
CFL
Montreal (2-3) 26 @ Toronto (2-3) 13

July 25, 2017

550 years ago
1467


War
Troops representing the republics of Florence and Venice fought to an indecisive conclusion in the Battle of Molinella, the first battle in Italy in which firearms were used extensively.

470 years ago
1547


Franciana
King Henri II was crowned at Reims Cathedral.

450 years ago
1567


South Americana
Don Diego de Losada founded the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas--modern-day Caracas.

525 years ago
1492


Died on this date
Innocent VIII, 60 (?)
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1484-1492. Innocent VIII, born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was chosen as a compromise candidate to succeed Sixtus IV after a divisive conclave. Innocent VIII was known for his opposition to witchcraft; he confirmed Tomas de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor of Spain, and issued a bull for the extermination of the Waldensians. Pope Innocent VIII died after a fever and was succeeded by Alexander VI.

225 years ago
1792


War
The Brunswick Manifesto was issued by Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, commander of the Allied Army (principally Austrian and Prussian), to the population of Paris during the War of the First Coalition, threatening that if the French royal family were harmed, then French civilians would be harmed.

220 years ago
1797


War
The Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the Canary Islands concluded with Spanish forces repulsing the British assault, and Royal Navy Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson losing his right arm.

180 years ago
1837


Technology
The first commercial use of an electrical telegraph was successfully demonstrated in London by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone.

150 years ago
1867


War
The Candian War ended.

Politics and government
The Radical convention took place in Charleston, South Carolina.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Fritz Honegger
. Swiss politician. Mr. Honegger was a member of the Swiss Federal Council from 1977-1982, and was President of the Confederation in 1982. He died on March 4, 1999 at the age of 81.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister Sir Thomas White introduced the "War Tax Upon Income" bill to the House of Commons, meeting as a committee of the whole; it was a proposal to levy the first national tax on personal income on Canadians--4% on all income of single men over $2,000. For others, the personal exemption was $3,000; for those Canadians with annual incomes of more than $6,000, the tax rate ranged from 2 to 25 per cent, supposedly as a temporary wartime measure only. The "War Tax Upon Income" act passed and the tax came into effect on September 17, 1917.

90 years ago
1927


Albertana
The Prince of Wales Hotel in Waterton Lakes National Park opened to the public. It was built between 1926-1927 by the Great Northern Railroad, and named for the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VIII. The hotel was designated as a National Historic Site of Canada in 1995.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jingle Jangle Jingle--Kay Kyser Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Fred Englehardt, 63
. U.S. athlete. Mr. Englehardt won the silver medal in the triple jump competition at the 1904 Summer Olympic Games in St. Louis.

War
The Norwegian Manifesto was proclaimed, calling for nonviolent resistance to the German occupation. Germany claimed that Rostov was being cleared of scattered Russian troops. U.S. planes completed seven operations against Tobruk and Bengazi in Libya and Suda Bay in Crete, reportedly causing heavy damage to dock installations.

Abominations
Reports in London indicated that Germans were arresting and deporting Jews in occupied France and the Netherlands to Poland.

Horse racing
1942 Kentucky Derby winner Shut Out won the 1 1/4-mile Arlington Classic in Chicago in a record time of 2:01 2/5.

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
Hungarian President Zoltan Tildy dissolved the National Assembly and set elections for August 31.

Defense
The U.S. Congress passed and sent to President Harry Truman the armed forces unification bill.

Law
U.S. President Truman signed a Senate joint resolution ending 60 wartime emergency laws.

Scandal
Former U.S. Congressman Andrew May and munitions manufacturers Murray and Henry Garsson were given prison sentences of eight months to two years for war contract bribery.

60 years ago
1957


Politics and government
A special session of the Tunisian National Constituent Assembly voted unanimously to depose Sidi Mohammed el-Amin Pasha, Bey of Tunis, and to proclaim the Republic of Tunisia, with Habib Bourguiba as President.

At the request of U.S. Interior Secretary Fred Seaton, Samuel King resigned as Governor of Hawaii effective July 31, after more than four years in office.

Crime
James Tierney, 52, mayor of the Detroit suburb of Garden City, was shot six times and seriously wounded at a city council meeting by longtime political foe Lester Elmhurst.

Football
IRFU-ORFU Pre-season
Kitchener-Waterloo (0-1) 7 @ Montreal (1-0) 39

WIFU
Pre-season
Winnipeg Blue Bombers intrasquad game
Blue 34 Gold 32

Gerry Apostolatos scored 2 touchdowns and Bill Tonegusso, Charlie Baillie, Hal Patterson, and Johnny Majors scored 1 each as the Alouettes routed the Dutchmen before 14,207 fans at Molson Stadium. Mr. Gilmour scored the K-W touchdown on a 17-yard pass from Bob Celeri in the 3rd quarter.

50 years ago
1967


Religion
Pope Paul VI arrived in Istanbul to begin a two-day peace pilgrimage to Turkey; he visited the Orthodox Patriarchal Church of St. George in Istanbul--becoming the first Roman Catholic pontiff to enter an Eastern Orthodox cathedral since 1054--and exchanged vows of ecumenical unity with Patriarch Atheganoras I. Pope Paul also addressed greetings to President Cevdet Sunay and the government of Turkey; Armenian Patriarch Snork Kalustian; and the leaders of the local Muslim and Jewish communities.

Disasters
A United States Air Force EB-57 bomber crashed at Whitehorse, killing its two-man crew. The plane was trying to penetrate radar systems to test their effectiveness.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Walk Right In--Dr. Hook (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Katte ni Shiyagare--Kenji Sawada (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Fiesta--Raffaella Carrá

On the radio
CBS Radio Mystery Theater
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle, starring Kevin McCarthy and Court Benson

Diplomacy
Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti began a three-day visit to Washington, D.C. for talks with U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

Disasters
Typhoon Thelma struck southern Taiwan, killing 28 people, injuring more than 200, and destroying 200,000 homes.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Who's That Girl--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Voyage, voyage--Desireless (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I Want Your Sex--George Michael

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Want Your Sex--George Michael (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Who's That Girl--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Who's That Girl--Madonna

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Alone--Heart (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Alone--Heart (2nd week at #1)
2 Shakedown--Bob Seger
3 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
4 I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2
5 I Want Your Sex--George Michael
6 Songbird--Kenny G
7 Point of No Return--Expose
8 Rhythm is Gonna Get You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
9 Heart and Soul--T'Pau
10 Something so Strong--Crowded House

Singles entering the chart were Touch of Grey by the Grateful Dead (#79); Jump Start by Natalie Cole (#85); U Got the Look by Prince (#89); and Back to Paradise by .38 Special (#90).

Canada’s top 3 (The Record)
1 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)—Whitney Houston
2 Alone—Heart
3 Shakedown—Bob Seger

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Head to Toe--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam
2 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
3 Always--Atlantic Starr
4 Shakedown--Bob Seger
5 Nothing's Gonna Change My Love For You--Glenn Medeiros
6 Alone--Heart
7 Funkytown--Pseudo Echo
8 Heart and Soul--T'Pau
9 I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2
10 You Keep Me Hangin' On--Kim Wilde

Singles entering the chart were Doing it All for My Baby by Huey Lewis and the News (#87); Love Power by Dionne Warwick & Jeffrey Osborne (#91); Back to Paradise by .38 Special (#94); Twistin' the Night Away by Rod Stewart (#96); Ordinary People by the Box (#97); and I'd Still Say Yes by Klymaxx (#98).

Died on this date
Malcolm Baldrige, Jr., 64
. U.S. Secretary of Commerce, 1981-1987. Mr. Baldrige, an experienced horseman, was preparing for a rodeo in Walnut Creek, California, when the horse he was riding reared and fell on him.

Music
Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Rivers, and Smokey Robinson performed on the same bill in downtown Detroit.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-2) 1 @ British Columbia (4-0) 21

Roy Dewalt completed a 3-yard pass to Anthony Parker in the 2nd quarter for the game’s only touchdown and Lui Passaglia added a convert, 4 field goals, and 2 singles as the Lions coasted to victory over the Rough Riders before 33,771 fans at B.C. Place Stadium. Ken Clark’s 56-yard punt single in the 3rd quarter was the only Ottawa point. Ottawa offensive tackle Roger Cattelan, who had eaten breakfast with his team that morning, was nowhere to be seen at game time. The loss began a 13-game losing streak for the Rough Riders.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Hazard--Richard Marx

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kiss of Tears--Southern All Stars

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sensacion de Vivir--Xuxa (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Knockin' on Heaven's Door--Guns N' Roses (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Le Chat--Pow woW (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I'll Be There--Mariah Carey and Trey Lorenz

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Ain't No Doubt--Jimmy Nail (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Baby Got Back--Sir Mix-A-Lot (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Baby Got Back--Sir Mix-A-Lot (2nd week at #1)
2 I'll Be There--Mariah Carey
3 Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers
4 Achy Breaky Heart--Billy Ray Cyrus
5 Tennessee--Arrested Development
6 Wishing on a Star--Cover Girls
7 Baby-Baby-Baby--TLC
8 Life is a Highway--Tom Cochrane
9 If You Asked Me To--Celine Dion
10 Damn I Wish I was Your Lover--Sophie B. Hawkins

Singles entering the chart were End of the Road by Boyz II Men (#65); The Letter by Wayne Newton (#77); Money Can't Buy You Love by Ralph Tresvant (#87); and Another Minute by Cause and Effect (#91).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'll Be There--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 Just Another Day--Jon Secada
3 America--Kim Mitchell
4 Achy Breaky Heart--Billy Ray Cyrus
5 This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna
6 Damn I Wish I was Your Lover--Sophie B. Hawkins
7 Too Funky--George Michael
8 The Best Things in Life are Free--Luther Vandross and Janet Jackson
9 Hold on My Heart--Genesis
10 Take this Heart--Richard Marx

Singles entering the chart were Abba-Esque by Erasure (#52); All I Want by Toad the Wet Sprocket (#95); Stay by Giant (#97); Baby Got Back by Sir Mix-A-Lot (#99); and Be Young, Be Foolish, Be Happy by Sonia (#100).

Economics and finance
Final talks on the North American Free Trade Agreement began with the government of Canada threatening to withdraw from negotiations unless a better deal on the manufacture of cars and clothing were offered.

Olympics
The summer Olympics opened in Barcelona with 169 nations participating, the first time in modern history that there were no nations boycotting or banned from the games.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ben Hogan, 84
. U.S. golfer. Mr. Hogan was one of the greatest golfers ever, winning 64 PGA tour events and nine major tournaments. He won the Masters, U.S. Open, and British Open in 1953, four years after a near-fatal car accident seemed to have ended his career. Mr. Hogan is viewed by many as the best ball striker in history.

Music
This blogger was in attendance as Kim Stockwood performed at the EdTel Stage at the Klondike Days exhibition grounds in Edmonton.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-4) 36 @ Winnipeg (1-4) 21

10 years ago
2007


Politics and government
Pratibha Patil was sworn in as India's first female President.