Sunday, 29 November 2015

November 30, 2015

175 years ago
1840


Born on this date
Henry Birks
. Canadian businessman. Mr. Birks founded the jewellery firm Henry Birks and Sons in Montreal in 1879. He died on April 16, 1928 at the age of 87.

10 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Brownie McGhee
. U.S. musician. Walter Brown McGhee was a blues singer and guitarist, and was best known for his collaborations with harmonicist Sonny Terry in a partnership that ran from the early 1940s to the 1980s. Mr. McGhee died on February 16, 1996 at the age of 80.

Henry Taube. Canadian-born U.S. chemist. Dr. Taube, a native of Neudorf, Saskatchewan, was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his work on the mechanisms of electron transfer reactions, especially in metal complexes." He died on November 16, 2005, two weeks short of his 90th birthday.

War
The Canadian government published war casualties reported so far: 539 officers and 13,017 men killed in action.

80 years ago
1935


Football
CRU
Eastern Final
Hamilton Tigers 22 Sarnia Imperials 3 @ Toronto

75 years ago
1940


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Woodpecker Song--Kate Smith; Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (1st month at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Only Forever--Bing Crosby (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
George B. McClellan, Jr., 75
. U.S. politician. Mr. McClellan, son of U.S. Civil War Union Army General George McLellan, was a Democrat who represented New York's 12 District in the United States House of Representatives from 1895-1903, and served as Mayor of New York from 1904-1909. He later became a professorof economic history at Princeton University. Mr. McClellan died a week after his 75th birthday.

Married on this date
U.S. actress Lucille Ball married Cuban bandleader Desi Arnaz in Greenwich, Connecticut.

War
The Greek Army announced the capture of the Italian base of Pogradec in northeastern Albania. Italian Duce Benito Mussolini's newspaper Il Popole d'Italia stated that Italy would settle her quarrel with Greece alone and without the military help of Germany. Radio reports from Rome announced that the Axis powers had abandoned their plans for the defeat of Britain through actual invasion. Thailand announced the occupation of the French Indochinese districts of Banongkien, Bangkokekrabein, and Patruchai, as well as reprisal air raids on Thakhek and Savannakhet in the undeclared war.

Diplomacy
Japan officially recognized the Chinese government in Nanking in a treaty signed by Lieutenant General Noriyuki Abe and "President" Wang Ching-wei.

Politics and government
Paraguayan President Morinigo established a virtual dictatorship by signing a decree granting him full power to carry out the "Paraguayan revolution."

Economics and finance
The U.S. administration of President Harry Truman announced that a $50-million credit had been given to China and that an additional $50 million load would be made soon.

Society
The United States Census Bureau reported that the excess of males over females in the U.S.A. was being reduced by nearly 100,000 per year, and that in about five years there would be a female majority.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup
Ottawa Rough Riders 8 @ Toronto Balmy Beach 2 (1st game of 2-game total points series)

Dave Sprague scored the game’s only touchdown, converted by Rick Perley, while Sammy Sward added 2 singles as the Rough Riders defeated Balmy Beach before 4,998 fans at Varsity Stadium. Bobby Porter’s 2 singles accounted for Balmy Beach’s scoring.

NCAA
Navy defeated Army 14-0 in the annual game between the two defense academies at Municipal Stadium in Philadelphia.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Don't Fence Me In--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (3rd month at #1)

Died on this date
Heinz-Wilhelm Eck, 29
. German military officer. Kapitänleutnant Eck was in command of the Kriegsmarine submarine U-852 when it sank the Greek merchant ship SS Peleus in the South Atlantic Ocean on March 13, 1944. Kapitänleutnant Eck ordered his crew to use hand grenades and fire automatic weapons into the ship in order to sink it, giving the crew of the Peleus no chance of survival. Kapitänleutnant Eck was captured soon after when U-852 was beached in Somaliland, and was taken prisoner. He was convicted as a war criminal and executed by firing squad at Lüneberg Heath, Germany.

War
At the hearings of the United States Senate committee on the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, evidence was introduced that Admiral Harold Stark, then Chief of Naval Operations, sent warnings to Admiral Husband Kimmel on November 27 and December 3, 1941 regarding possible Japanese attacks. Former Nazi official Rudolf Hess announced that he was sane, that he had been faking amnesia, and that he was ready to go on trial for war crimes in Nuremberg. Field Marshal Count Juichi Terauchi, Japanese commander in Southeast Asia, surrendered to British Lord Louis Mountbatten in Rangoon.

Defense
The Allied Control Council banned military training, war veterans' organizations, and parades in Germany.

Politics and government
The six-party National Liberation Committee in Italy chose Alcide de Gasperi as Prime Minister.

Labour
A labour-management conference in Washington, D.C. ended with agreement on the use of arbitration in contracts with no-strike, no lockout clauses and the strengthening of the U.S. Conciliation Service.

Disasters
400 people were killed when an earthquake and tsunami struck Pasni, India.

34 people were killed and heavy property damage resulted from a two-day storm in New England.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Domingo Santo Domingo--Die Hilo Hawaiians (1st month at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Les Lavandières du Portugal--Jacqueline François (9th week at #1)

Theatre
The musical Pipe Dream, written by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, and starring Helen Traubel, William Johnson, Judy Tyler, George D. Wallace, and Mike Kellin, opened at the Shubert Theatre on Broadway in New York. It recorded the largest advance ticket sale in Broadway history to that date--$1.2 million.

50 years ago
1965


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Set Fire to a Straw Man, with guest stars Diana Hyland, Edward Binns, and Joseph Campanella

Baseball
The Boston Red Sox traded shortstop Eddie Bressoud to the New York Mets for outfielder Joe Christopher. Mr. Bressoud batted .226 with 8 home runs and 25 runs batted in in 107 games with the Red Sox in 1965, while Mr. Christopher hit .249 with 5 homers and 40 RBIs in 148 games with the Mets.

Catcher Del Crandall was released by the Pittsburgh Pirates and signed with the Cleveland Indians. The 15-year major league veteran batted .214 with 2 home runs and 10 runs batted in in 60 games with the Pirates in 1965.

40 years ago
1975


Politics and government
Following an appeal over radio and television by President Urho Kekkonen, five parties in Finland formed a "national emergency" coalition government. Led by Prime Minister Martti Miettunen, the Social Democrats took 5 of 18 cabinet posts; the Center and Communist parties each took 4 seats.

Football
NFL
Pittsburgh (10-1) 20 @ New York Jets (2-9) 7
San Francisco (5-6) 17 @ Philadelphia (3-8) 27
New Orleans (2-9) 16 @ Cleveland (2-9) 17
Houston (7-4) 19 @ Cincinnati (9-2) 23
Kansas City (5-6) 14 @ Baltimore (7-4) 28
Chicago (2-9) 7 @ Green Bay (3-8) 28
New York Giants (3-8) 3 @ Dallas (8-3) 14
San Diego (0-11) 10 @ Denver (5-6) 13 (OT)
Atlanta (3-8) 34 @ Oakland (9-2) 37 (OT)

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Election Day--Arcadia (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Only Love--Nana Mouskouri (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Take on Me--A-Ha

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): A Good Heart--Feargal Sharkey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: I'm Your Man--Wham!

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
2 We Built This City--Starship
3 You Belong to the City--Glenn Frey
4 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
5 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer
6 Head Over Heels--Tears for Fears
7 Never--Heart
8 Who’s Zoomin’ Who--Aretha Franklin
9 Lay Your Hands On Me--Thompson Twins
10 Be Near Me--ABC

Singles entering the chart were I’m Your Man by Wham! (#45); When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going by Billy Ocean (#55); Everything in My Heart by Corey Hart (#62); The Sweetest Taboo by Sade (#76); The Sun Always Shines on T.V. by A-Ha (#80); Leader of the Pack by Twisted Sister (#83); Can You Feel the Beat by Lisa Lisa & Cult Jam with Full Force (#86); Life in a Northern Town by The Dream Academy (#87); Love in a Vacuum by 'Til Tuesday (#89); and Silent Running (On Dangerous Ground) by Mike + the Mechanics (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin (2nd week at #1)
2 We Built This City--Starship
3 Oh Sheila--Ready for the World
4 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
5 Alive and Kicking--Simple Minds
6 Cherish--Kool & The Gang
7 You Belong to the City--Glenn Frey
8 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
8 Lay Your Hands on Me--Thompson Twins
9 Situation Critical--Platinum Blonde
10 Tarzan Boy--Baltimora

Singles entering the chart were That's What Friends are For by Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight, and Stevie Wonder) (#80); I'm Your Man by Wham! (#82); Emergency by Kool & The Gang (#87); Cosmetics by Gowan (#90); Burning Heart by Survivor (#96); Go by Asia (#97); and Goodbye by Night Ranger (#98).

Football
CIAU
Vanier Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Calgary 25 Western Ontario 6

Lew Lawrick threw touchdown passes to Mike Siroishka and Randy Guy and handed off to Elio Geremia for another touchdown to lead the Dinosaurs over the Mustangs before 16,321 fans for their second Canadian championship in three years. The Mustangs scored first on a touchdown pass from Steve Samways to Rick Wolkensperg, but Jeff Crews’ convert was blocked, and Western Ontario never scored again. Brent Matich converted all 3 Calgary touchdowns and added a field goal and a single. The game was played on a muddy field.



25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Sadeness (Part I)--Enigma (4th week at #1)

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (4th week at #1)

War
Operation Desert Storm, the U.S. campaign in the Persian Gulf, officially ended.

Diplomacy
Bill Clinton became the first U.S. President to visit Northern Ireland, where he spoke in favour of the Northern Ireland peace process to a huge rally at Belfast City Hall.

Movies
Walt Disney Studios announced that it would open animation studios in Toronto and Vancouver.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Jean Parker, 90
. U.S. actress. Miss Parker, born Luise Stephanie Zelinska, appeared in 70 movies, most of them from 1932-1946. Her movies included Gabriel Over the White House (1933); Little Women (1933); and The Flying Deuces (1939).

Crime
A judge in Montreal overturned the 14 release conditions imposed on convicted killer Karla Homolka.

Religion
John Sentamu became the first Negro archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York.

Saturday, 28 November 2015

November 29, 2015

160 years ago
1855


Transportation
The Grand Trunk Railway was completed west from Montréal to Brockville, Ontario.

130 years ago
1885


War
The Third Anglo-Burmese War ended after 22 days in a British victory and the end of the Burmese monarchy.

125 years ago
1890


Law
The Meiji Constitution went into effect in Japan, and the first Diet convened.

Football
U.S. college
Charles "Red" Emerich scored 4 touchdowns--then worth 4 points each--to lead the United States Naval Academy Midshipmen to a 24-0 win over the United States Military Academy Cadets at West Point, New York, in the first annual Army-Navy game.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Billy Strayhorn
. U.S. musician. Mr. Strayhorn was a pianist and composer who was best known for his collaboration with bandleader Duke Ellington. Mr. Strayhorn's compositions included Take the 'A' Train; Lush Life; and A Flower is a Lovesome Thing. He died on May 31, 1967 at the age of 51 after a three-year battle with esophageal cancer.

90 years ago
1925


Football
NFL
Columbus 13 @ Chicago Bears 14

Red Grange rushed for 140 yards in his second NFL game to help the Bears defeat the Tigers in a snowstorm at Cubs Park.

75 years ago
1940


At the movies
The Bank Dick, starring W.C. Fields, opened in theatres.

War
A Hungarian dispatch reported that fighting between the Romanian government of Prime Minister Ion Antonescu and the fascist Iron Guard was verging on civil war. Chinese guerrillas dynamited Shanghai-Nanking express train carrying Japanese and Chinese officials to Nanking for the signing of the "peace treaty" between Japan and the Japanese sponsored government led by Wang Ching-wei. Thailand ordered French nationals to evacuate frontier provinces within 24 hours, after Thai patrols clashed with Indochinese border guards at the Cambodian frontier.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt reappointed Major General Thomas Holcomb as commandant of the Marine Corps for another four years.

Politics and government
U.S. President Roosevelt conferred with Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas) on coordination of the work of the State and Justice Departments with the House Committee on Un-American Activities, chaired by Mr. Dies.

Economics and finance
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles reported that understandings had been reached in principle on aid to Greece.

A seat on the New York Stock Exchange was sold for $33,000, the lowest price since 1899.

70 years ago
1945


At the movies
The Lost Weekend, directed by Billy Wilder and starring Ray Milland and Jane Wyman, received its premiere screening in Los Angeles.

War
British Prime Minister Clement Attlee reported that British Empire battle casualties during World War II had totalled 1,246,025, with 353,652 killed. The U.S. Senate committee investigating the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii heard that Hawaii commanding General Walter Short had not received intercepted Japanese messages bearing on the forthcoming attack. Japanese Army General Tomoyuki Yamashita, on trial in Manila for war crimes, denied knowledge of atrocities committed under his command, and said that he would have punished the perpetrators if he had known. Films of 12 concntration camps were shown to the Nazi defendants at the war crimes trial in Nuremberg. Radio Moscow reported that the U.S.S.R. had agreed to the Chinese request that Soviet troop withdrawals from Manchuria be deferred until Nationalist forces were able to take over.

Europeana
The Constituent Assembly of Yugoslavia formally abolished the monarchy and declared the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was declared. King Peter II was already in exile in the United Kingdom when he was deposed.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman told reporters that he didn't favour further Big Three (U.S.A.; U.S.S.R.; U.K.) conferences, since the United Nations would soon be in a position to take over issues growing out of World War II. Mr. Truman modified his earlier support for a Palestine Jewish commonwealth, favouring formation of an Anglo-American fact-finding commission to study the Palestinian issue.

Iranian Ambassador to the United States Hussein Ala said that the U.S.S.R. had rejected Iran's request to send troops into Azerbaijan to put down the rebellion.

The International Women's Congress in Paris established the Women's International Democratic Federation with permanent headquarters there.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Mundo (Il Mondo)--Jimmy Fontana (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Wishing it was You--Dickie Rock (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Make it Easy on Yourself--The Walker Brothers
2 Roses and Rainbows--Danny Hutton
3 Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There is a Season)--The Byrds
4 May the Bird of Paradise Fly Up Your Nose--"Little" Jimmy Dickens
5 Look Through Any Window--The Hollies
6 Round Every Corner--Petula Clark
7 You Really Got a Hold on Me--Little Caesar and the Consuls
8 It Was I--The Big Town Boys
9 Here it Comes Again--The Fortunes
10 Just Like Tom Thumb's Blues--Gordon Lightfoot

Singles entering the chart were Poor Little Fool by Terry Black (#32); Princess in Rags by Gene Pitney (#33); Flowers on the Wall by the Statler Brothers (#34); Misty by the Vibrations (#35); I Got You (I Feel Good) by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#36); You Didn't Have to Be So Nice by the Lovin' Spoonful (#37); Mother Nature, Father Time by Brook Benton (#39); and Sunday and Me by Jay & the Americans (#40).

Space
The Canadian Space Agency satellite Alouette 2, whose mission was to continue ionospheric research, was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California atop a NASA Thor Agena B rocket.

World events
A coup in Dahomey led by army chief of staff General Christophe Soglo deposed President Sourou Migan Apithy and Vice President Justin Ahomadegbe, with Tahiro Congacou, president of the national assembly, becoming provisional President until elections could be held and the constitution changed to avoid the overlapping powers that had led to strained relations between Messrs. Apithy and Ahomadegbe.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies traded infielder Ruben Amaro to the New York Yankees for shortstop Phil Linz. Mr. Amaro batted .212 with no home runs and 15 runs batted in in 118 games with the Phillies in 1965, while Mr. Linz hit .207 with 2 homers and 16 RBIs in 99 games with the Yankees.

The Cleveland Indians sold outfielder Al Luplow to the New York Mets. Mr. Luplow batted .133 with 1 home run and 4 runs batted in in 53 games with the Indians in 1965.

The Chicago Cubs drafted outfielder Ty Cline from the roster of the Richmond Braves of the AAA International League. Mr. Cline batted .191 with no home runs and 10 runs batted in in 123 games with the Milwaukee Braves in 1965.

The Pittsburgh Pirates drafted catcher Jesse Gonder from the roster of the Richmond Braves. Mr. Gonder had begun the 1965 season with the New York Mets, batting .238 with 4 home runs and 9 runs batted in in 53 games with New York before being traded to the Milwaukee Braves on July 21, and batting .151 with 1 homer and 5 RBIs in 31 games with Milwaukee.

The Pittsburgh Pirates drafted outfielder-first baseman Dave Roberts from the roster of the Oklahoma City 89ers of the AAA Pacific Coast League. Mr. Roberts batted .318 with a PCL-leading 38 home runs and 114 runs batted in in 144 games with Oklahoma City in 1965.

The Houston Astros drafted pitcher Frank Carpin from the roster of the Columbus Jets of the AAA International League. Mr. Carpin had posted a record of 4-0 with an earned run average of 2.67 in 19 games with Columbus in 1965 and 3-1 with a 3.15 ERA in 39 games with the parent Pittsburgh Pirates.

The Cincinnati Reds drafted pitcher Don Nottebart from the roster of the Oklahoma City 89ers. Mr. Nottebart was 4-15 with an earned run average of 4.67 in 29 games with the parent Houston Astros in 1965.

The Washington Senators drafted infielder-outfielder Robert Saverine from the roster of the Oklahoma City 89ers, where he had been assigned by the parent Houston Astros on September 16 to complete the April 24 deal in which the Baltimore Orioles had traded pitcher Don Larsen to the Astros. Mr. Saverine batted .267 with 2 home runs and 30 runs batted in in 135 games with the Rochester Red Wings of the AAA International League in 1965, and led the IL in runs with 91.

The New York Mets drafted outfielder Bill Murphy from the roster of the Toledo Mud Hens of the AAA International League, a farm team of the New York Yankees. Mr. Murphy batted .291 with 18 home runs and 85 runs batted in in 99 games with Binghamton of the Class A New York-Pennsylvania League in 1965.

The Atlanta Braves drafted outfielder Gary Geiger from the roster of the Toronto Maple Leafs of the International League, a farm team of the Boston Red Sox. Mr. Geiger had batted .200 with 1 home run and 2 runs batted in in 24 games with the Red Sox in 1965, missing three months with an injury.

The Cleveland Indians drafted pitcher Butch Heffner from the roster of the Toronto Maple Leafs. Mr. Heffner had posted a record of 2-4 with an earned run average of 2.67 in 11 games with Toronto in 1965, and was 0-2 with a 7.16 ERA in 27 games with the parent Boston Red Sox.

The Baltimore Orioles drafted pitcher Gene Brabender from the roster of the Spokane Indians of the AAA Pacific Coast League. Mr. Brabender had spent the 1964 and 1965 seasons in the United States military.

The Orioles also drafted relief pitcher Moe Drabowsky from the roster of the Jacksonville Suns of the International League, a farm team of the St. Louis Cardinals. Mr. Drabowsky had posted a record of 1-5 with an earned run average of 4.38 in 14 games with the Kansas City Athletics in 1965, and was 8-2 with a 2.44 ERA in 17 games with the Vancouver Mounties of the AAA Pacific Coast League.

The St. Louis Cardinals drafted pitcher Joe Hoerner from the roster of the Oklahoma City 89ers of the Pacific Coast League. Mr. Hoerner was 8-3 with an earned average of 1.94 in 53 games with Oklahoma City in 1965.

The Cardinals also drafted shortstop Jimy Williams from the roster of the Toronto Maple Leafs of the International League. Mr. Williams batted .287 with 2 home runs and 31 runs batted in in 115 games with Waterloo of the Class A Midwest League in 1965.

The California Angels drafted first baseman Willie Montanez from the roster of the Jacksonville Suns of the International League. Mr. Montanez batted .234 with no home runs and 8 runs batted in in 32 games with the Sarasota Cardinals of the Sarasota Rookie League in 1965.

The New York Mets drafted pitcher Bill Hepler from the roster of the Hawaii Islanders of the AAA Pacific Coast League, a farm team of the Washington Senators. Mr. Hepler spent the 1965 season with Geneva of the Class A New York-Pennsylvania League, posting a record of 13-10 with an earned run average of 3.85 in 28 games. He led the league in wins; innings pitched (192); hits allowed (192); runs allowed (112); earned runs alowed (89); and bases on balls allowed (124).

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Profondo rosso--Goblin

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): That's the Way (I Like It)--K.C. and the Sunshine Band

#1 single in the U.K.: Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Fly, Robin, Fly--Silver Convention

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That's the Way (I Like It)--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
2 Fly, Robin, Fly--Silver Convention
3 Island Girl--Elton John
4 Let's Do it Again--The Staple Singers
5 Nights on Broadway--Bee Gees
6 The Way I Want to Touch You--Captain & Tennille
7 My Little Town--Simon and Garfunkel
8 Saturday Night--Bay City Rollers
9 This Will Be--Natalie Cole
10 Sky High--Jigsaw

Singles entering the chart were He Ain't Heavy--He's My Brother by Olivia Newton-John (#80); Somewhere in the Night by Helen Reddy (#83); Birmingham Blues by the Charlie Daniels Band (#84); This Old Man by Purple Reign (#85); Somewhere in the Night by Batdorf and Rodney (#89); I Cheat the Hangman by the Doobie Brothers (#91); Valentine Love by Norman Connors (#93); How High the Moon by Gloria Gaynor (#94); Paloma Blanca by the George Baker Selection (#97); The Man on Page 602 by Zoot Fenster (#98); and In the Winter by Janis Ian (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CFRW)
1 They Just Can't Stop It (The Games People Play)--The Spinners
2 Island Girl--Elton John
3 S O S--ABBA
4 Sky High--Jigsaw
5 Lyin' Eyes--The Eagles
6 Bad Blood--Neil Sedaka
7 Who Loves You--The Four Seasons
8 The Way I Want to Touch You--Captain & Tennille
9 Heat Wave--Linda Ronstadt
10 Nights on Broadway--Bee Gees
11 Feelings--Morris Albert
12 Low Rider--War
13 My Little Town--Simon and Garfunkel
14 Help Me Make It (To My Rockin' Chair)--B.J. Thomas
15 I'm Sorry/Calypso--John Denver
16 Miracles--Jefferson Starship
17 Tonite is a Wonderful Time to Fall in Love--April Wine
18 Rocky--Austin Roberts
19 The Homecoming--Hagood Hardy
20 Venus and Mars Rock Show--Wings
21 Saturday Night--Bay City Rollers
22 Just Too Many People--Melissa Manchester
23 Third Rate Romance--Amazing Rhythm Aces
24 Fox on the Run--Sweet
25 Get Out of the Kitchen--Shawne Jackson
26 Fly, Robin, Fly--Silver Convention
27 Make Me Your Baby--Suzanne Stevens
28 What the Hell I Got--Pagliaro
29 Oh Mama Mama--Brutus
30 Wasted Days and Wasted Nights--Freddy Fender

Died on this date
Graham Hill, 46; Tony Brise, 23
. U.K. auto racing drivers. Mr. Hill won the World Driving Championship on the Formula One circuit in 1962 and 1968; the Indianapolis 500 in 1966; and 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1972 (with Henri Pescarolo), becoming the only driver to win all three events. He retired from racing in July 1975 to concentrate on his duties as owner of the Embassy Hill team, with Mr. Brise as the featured driver. Mr. Brise was a Formula One rookie in 1975, and competed in 10 races, 9 after joining Embassy Hill. His best finish was 6th in the Swedish Gran Prix. The two men and four other members of the Embassy Hill team were killed when their plane, piloted by Mr. Hill, crashed in thick fog at Arkley golf course, England.

Politics and government
Robert Muldoon led the National Party to victory over incumbent Prime Minister Wallace Rowling's Labour Party government in the New Zealand general election.

Hockey
NHL
Vancouver 4 @ Montreal 6
Washington 3 @ Minnesota 5

The Canadiens defeated the Canucks at the Montreal Forum in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast.

The Capitals' loss to the North Stars at Metropolitan Sports Center in Bloomington was the beginning of a league record 25-game winless streak.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Take on Me--A-Ha (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Take on Me--A-Ha

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Ooh Aah Paul McGrath--Watch Your House (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council voted 12-2 to authorize military action if Iraq did not withdraw its troops from Kuwait and release all foreign hostages by January 15, 1991.

Politics and government
Andrei Lukanov resigned as Premier of Bulgaria, saying that he had been unable to create a consensus behind solutions for the country’s economic difficulties.

In his first speech in the House of Commons since becoming Prime Minister of Great Britain the previous day, John Major said that the U.K.’s policy toward the European Community and a review of the controversial local government poll tax would be at the top of his agenda.

Baseball
An investment group led by Montréal Expos' president Claude Brochu agreed to acquire the National League club from financier Charles Bronfman.

20 years ago
1995


Law
Members of the opposition NLD party withdrew from the national convention in Myanmar on drafting a new constitution, claiming that the people's needs would not be heard.

Economics and finance
Ontario Premier Mike Harris vowed to cut $6.2 billion in spending over 3 years and balance the budget by 2000, as part of the "Common Sense Revolution" of his Progressive Conservative government.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Wendie Jo Sperber, 47
. U.S. actress. Miss Sperber appeared in movies such as I Wanna Hold Your Hand (1978); Back to the Future (1985); and Back to the Future Part III (1990), and in the television comedy series Bosom Buddies (1980-1982). She died after a long battle with breast cancer.

Politics and government
Canadian Governor General Adrienne Clarkson, on the advice of Prime Minister Paul Martin, dissolved Parliament and called a general election for January 23, 2006.

November 28, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Chris Milner and Dede Hill!

230 years ago
1785


Diplomacy
The first Treaty of Hopewell was signed at Hopewell Plantation in South Carolina between the Confederation Congress of the United States of America and the Cherokee Indians, laying out a western boundary for American settlement.

150 years ago
1865


Died on this date
José Manuel Pareja, 52
. Spanish military officer. Admiral Pareja commanded Spanish forces during the Chincha Islands War. Two days after Spain suffered a humiliating defeat by Chile in the Battle of Papudo, Admiral Pareja committed suicide by shooting himself aboard his flagship Villa de Madrid.

130 years ago
1885


War
The Serbo-Bulgarian War ended after two weeks in a decisive Bulgarian victory, preserving the unification of Bulgaria.

120 years ago
1895


Auto racing
The first American automobile race, sponsored by the Chicago Times-Herald, took place with 6 "moto-cycles" covering the 54 miles from Jackson Park in Chicago to Evanston, Illinois, and back--in snow. Frank Duryea, driving his brother Charles' Motorized Wagon, won in just over 10 hours, at an average speed of about 7.3 miles per hour.

110 years ago
1905


Politics and government
Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founded Sinn Féin as a political party with the main aim of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland.

100 years ago
1915


Died on this date
Mubarak Al-Sabah, 71
. Ruler of Kuwait, 1896-1915. Sheikh Mubarak ascended the throne upon the death of his half-brother Muhammad Al-Sabah. Mubarak signed the Anglo-Kuwaiti Treaty with the United Kingdom on November 23, 1899, pledging himself and his successors not to receive foreign agents or representatives or to cede or sell territory without the approval of the British government; as a result, Sheikh Mubarak is regarded as the founder of modern Kuwait. He died of an attack of malaria aggravated by a heart condition, and was succeeded on the throne by his son Jaber II Al-Sabah.

90 years ago
1925


On the radio
The Grand Ole Opry began broadcasting in Nashville, Tennessee, as the WSM Barn Dance.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal Canadiens' goalie Georges Vezina, who was playing his 328th consecutive game in a streak that had begun on December 31, 1910, played a scoreless first period against the Pittsburgh Pirates in the Canadiens' season opener at Mount Royal Arena, but collapsed on the ice just prior to the beginning of the 2nd period, and was taken to hospital, where he was diagnosed with an advanced case of tuberculosis. The illness proved fatal, and Mr. Vezina died on March 27, 1926 at the age of 39. When Mr. Vezina collapsed, he was replaced in goal by Frenchy Lacroix, who lost to the Pirates.

Football
CRU
Eastern Final
Ottawa Senators 11 Queen's University 2

The Senators' win not only ended the Tricolor's three-year reign as Grey Cup champions, but ended their 26-game winning streak. It was, in the opinion of this blogger, the biggest upset in Canadian football for the entire decade of the 1920s.

75 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Jesse Livermore, 63
. U.S. stock speculator. Mr. Livermore, known as the "Boy Plunger" and the "Great Bear of Wall Street," gained and lost several large fortunes. He sold stocks short just before the stock market crash in 1929, with his resulting worth being $100 million (the equivalent of $1.384 billion in 2014). He then began to lose money in investments, and instead of cutting his losses, he continued to invest, losing virtually his entire fortune. He shot himself to death in the cloakroom at the Sherry Netherland Hotel in New York City, leaving an eight-page suicide note in which he called himself a failure.

War
German soldiers in or near Bucharest were mobilized and ordered to stand ready for immediate action to intervene in the conflict between the Romanian government of Prime Minister Ion Antonescu and the fascist Iron Guardists. The United Kingdom reported a methodical and relentless bombing of Cologne by the Royal Air Force. Reports from Thailand announced the bombing of areas of Indochina after bombing by French planes of Thai positions around Nankorn Panom.

Defense
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau disclosed in Washington that the United Kingdom and the United States would make joint use of some of the Caribbean naval bases recently leased from the U.K.

Diplomacy
A hostile crowd marred the Mexico City welcome for U.S. Vice President-elect Henry Wallace.

John Cudahy resigned as U.S. Ambassador to Belgium to devote his time to writing.

Law
U.S. Representative Howard W. Smith (Democrat--Virginia) introduced a bill providing up to life imprisonment for persons convicted of sabotage. Rep. John Cochran (Democrat--Missouri) blocked House action on the Walter-Logan bill by refusing to agree to Senate amendments. The bill, if passed, would increase the authority of the courts to review and set aside decisions of government boards and agencies.

Economics and finance
The United States signed a three-year contract with 14 Latin American nations to stabilize the coffee industry, with American import quotas being set for each country.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor convention in New Orleans re-elected William Green as President.

U.S. Attorney General Robert Jackson received a 1,000-page secret report from the Federal Bureau of Investigation on Australian-born West coast Congress of Industrial Organizations leader Harry Bridges.

Scandal
The United States Justice Department denied parole to Martin Morton, former 10th-ranking federal judge, who had been sentenced on March 7 to two years in the Lewisburg, Pennsylvania prison for "conspiracy to obstruct justice and defraud the United States."

Medicine
The American Chemical Society reported that the wartime shortage of Indian monkeys may hamper research into human diseases.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Dwight F. Davis, 66
. American tennis player and politician. Mr. Davis was a star amateur tennis player in the late 1890s and early 1900s, and founded the Davis Cup competition. He was a Republican who served as Assistant U.S. Secretary of War (1923-1925) and Secretary of War (1925-1929) in the administration of President Calvin Coolidge, and then as Governor-General of the Philippines from 1929-1932.

War
At hearings of the U.S. Senate Committee on the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, telegrams from U.S. diplomats in Latin America were introduced, showing that Japanese representatives there were predicting war with the United States between April and December 1941. John Amery, 33, son of former U.K. Conservative cabinet minister Leo Amery, pled guilty to eight counts of treason related to activities during World War II that included propaganda broadcasts and a proposal to raise a pro-Nazi British volunteer force (which became the British Free Corps). Mr. Amery's trial lasted just eight minutes.

Diplomacy
The day after Patrick J. Hurley's resignation as U.S. Ambassador to China, resolutions were introduced in both houses of Congress to investigate his charges that some State Department officials had sought to undermine U.S. policy in China.

The Panamanian National Assembly approved a resolution to begin intern-American discussions on breaking relations with the "authoritarian" governments of Nicaragua, Honduras, and Dominican Republic.

Politics and government
Austrian Chancellor Karl Renner's provisional government resigned.

U.S. Navy Secretary James Forrestal offered a substitute merger plan providing for a National Security Council, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and a "Chief of Staff" to the President, along with centralized research and intelligence agencies.

Labour
Congress of Industrial Organizations-United Steel Workers in the United States voted to strike against the steel industry to enforce their demand for a $2 daily wage increase.

60 years ago
1955


Baseball
The New York Giants drafted pitcher Steve Ridzik from the roster of the Seattle Rainiers of the Pacific Coast League. Mr. Ridzik began the 1955 season with the Philadelphia Phillies, posting a record of 0-1 with an earned run average of 2.45 in 3 games before being traded to the Cincinnati Redlegs on April 30. He was 0-3 with an ERA of 4.50 in 13 games with Cincinnati and 2-1 with a 3.71 ERA in 15 games with the San Diego Padres of the Pacific Coast League.

50 years ago
1965


War
In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's call for "more flags" in Vietnam, Philippine President-elect Ferdinand Marcos announced that he would send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Tears on My Pillow--Johnny Nash (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Lady Bump--Penny McLean (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Dolannes-Melodie--Jean-Claude Borelly (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection (3rd week at #1)

Asiatica
The Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (FRETILIN) declared Portuguese Timor's independence from Portugal, to be known as East Timor. The Southeast Asian country had been a Portuguese colony since 1769.

Law
U.S. President Gerald R. Ford nominated federal Judge John Paul Stevens to the U.S. Supreme Court seat vacated by the retirement of William O. Douglas.

30 years ago
1985


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: The Shadow Man, starring Jeff Calhoun and Jonathan Ward; The Uncle Devil Show, starring Murphy Dunne and Gregory Mier; Opening Day, starring Jeffrey Jones

Died on this date
John McNally aka Johnny Blood, 82
. U.S. football player and coach. Mr. McNally was a halfback with six professional teams from 1925-1941, and was a member of the Green Bay Packers' National Football League championship teams of 1929-1931 and 1936. He coached the Pittsburgh Pirates and Steelers from 1937-1939, amd came out of retirement to play one game with the Buffalo Tigers of the American Football League in 1941. After service in World War II, Mr. McNally attempted a comeback with the Packers in 1945, but retired after being injured in an exhibition game. Mr. McNally was as famous for his off-field adventures as for his performances on the field. He was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1963 as a charter member. Mr. McNally died the day after his 82nd birthday.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): No Coke--Dr. Alban (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Sixth Man

Politics and government
John Major was sworn in as British Prime Minister, replacing fellow Conservative Margaret Thatcher. Mr. Major also named his cabinet.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had grown at an annual rate of 1.7% in the third quarter of 1990. U.S. Federal Reserve Board chairman Alan Greenspan said that the U.S. economy had entered a "meaningful downturn," but was unsure if a recession would result.

20 years ago
1995


Diplomacy
The United Kingdom and Ireland signed a joint declaration on Northern Ireland; the issue of decommissioning weapons belonging to Irish Republican Army members was delegated to an international committee that included Canadian General John de Chastelain.

Law
A national convention to coordinate the drafting of a new constitution for Myanmar was reconvened.

U.S. President Bill Clinton signed a bill that ended the federal 55 miles per hour speed limit.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Marc Lawrence, 95
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lawrence, born Max Goldsmith, was a character actor who specialized in playing underworld figures in movies in a career that spanned seven decades.

Jack Concannon, 62. U.S. football player. Mr. Concannon was a quarterback at Boston College and was drafted in 1964 by the Boston Patriots of the American Football League and in the second round by the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League. He chose to sign with the Eagles and played with them from 1964-1966, before being traded to the Chicago Bears for tight end Mike Ditka. Mr. Concannon played with the Bears from 1967-1971; Green Bay Packers (1974); and Detroit Lions (1975). He never amounted to much, completing 560 of 1,110 passes for 6,270 yards, with 36 touchdowns and 63 interceptions. Mr. Concannon's best season was 1970, when he was 194 for 385 for 2,130 yards, with 16 touchdowns and 18 interceptions. He died of a heart attack.

Friday, 27 November 2015

November 27, 2015

200 years ago
1815


Law
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland was adopted.

130 years ago
1885


Died on this date
Wandering Spirit, 40; Round the Sky; Bad Arrow; Miserable Man; Iron Body, Little Bear; Crooked Leg; Man Without Blood
. Canadian criminals. Wandering Spirit, a Cree Indian chief, and five of his accomplices in the April 2 massacre of white settlers at Frog Lake, Northwest Territories (in what is now Saskatchewan), along with two Stoney Indians convicted of murder, were hanged at Battleford. In his statement, Wandering Spirit blamed the Canadian Pacific Railway as the main cause of his peoples' sufferings, because the railway had brought many settlers to the region. It was the largest mass execution in Canadian history, and the last public execution in Canada.

75 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Nicolae Iorga, 69
. Prime Minister of Romania, 1931-1932. Mr. Iorga co-founded the Democratic Nationalist Party. He supported King Carol II and opposed the fascist Iron Guard, and was one of 64 of the arrested king's aides and other political dissidents executed by the Iron Guard in Jihlava military prison in Bucharest in reprisal for the killing of hundreds of Iron Guardists killed during the last years of King Carol's regime.

Jean Chiappe, 62. French civil servant and diplomat. Mr. Chiappe was director of the Sûreté générale in the 1920 and Préfet de police in the 1930s before being recalled in 1934. He was appointed France's High Commissioner in the Levant in the fall of 1940, and was killed when the plane taking him to Beirut was shot down by mistake by Italian planes taking part in the Battle of Taranto. Also killed were pilot Henri Guillaumet, 38, the other crew members, and the leader of the cabinet.

War
The British Royal Navy claimed victory over the Italian Regia Marina in the Battle of Cape Spartivento in the Mediterranean Sea. Greek reports claimed a steady advance against the southern Albanian bases of Argyrokastron and Tepeleni. The Australian Naval Ministry reported that two British freighters had been sunk in the Indian Ocean by a German surface raider during the last five days.

Defense
U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox announced that President Franklin D. Roosevelt had allocated $50 million for construction of eight U.S. air and naval bases from Newfoundland to Trinidad on sited leased from the U.K.

The Uruguayan Chamber of Deputies voted 53-21 to approve an arrangment with the United States regarding construction of naval and air bases for mutual Western Hemisphere defense.

William Allen White, chairman of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies, received the fourth annual award of the National Association of Accredited Publicity Directors, Inc. for outstanding service in publicity.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Dr. Jose Miguel Gallardo as Governor of Puerto Rico.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities made public a "Red Paper" containing 281 instances in which violence to overthrow capitalism was advocated by Communist groups.

Economics and finance
The United States Treasury called on the 12 Federal Reserve banks for $107 million of Treasury deposits to replenish cash in the general fund.

The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted to defer consideration of legislation for financial aid to the United Kingdom until the next session of Congress.

Business
American Telephone & Telegraph annunced the largest single "private placement" deal ever negotiated: the sale to 14 insurance companies of $140 million of 2.75% debentures due in 30 years. The money was to pay for plant expansion.

Football
NCAA
University of Michigan halfback Tom Harmon was named the nation's outstanding college football player for 1940 in a national poll of sportswriters and broadcasters.

70 years ago
1945


Diplomacy
Patrick J. Hurley resigned as U.S. Ambassador to China, charging that U.S. global policy was failing because of weak foreign service officers. U.S. President Harry Truman named General George Marshall as Mr. Hurley's replacement.

U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) argued against the United Nations Participation Act, charging that the organization's principles had been compromised by appeasement of the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
Due to leftist opposition, Italian Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando failed to form a new cabinet.

Economics and finance
CARE (Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe) was founded to a send CARE Packages of food relief to Europe after World War II.

60 years ago
1955


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Long Shot, starring Peter Lawford and John Williams

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)/Shakin' All Over--Normie Rowe (8th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Même Si Tu Revenais--Claude François (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Si fa sera--Gianni Morandi (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Yesterday--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): 1-2-3--Len Barry

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Hear a Symphony--The Supremes (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 1-2-3--Len Barry
2 I Hear a Symphony--The Supremes
3 Rescue Me--Fontella Bass
4 Let's Hang On--The 4 Seasons
5 Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There is a Season)--The Byrds
6 Taste of Honey--Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
7 Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones
8 A Lover's Concerto--The Toys
9 Over and Over--The Dave Clark Five
10 Ain't That Peculiar--Marvin Gaye

Singles entering the chart were Ebb Tide by the Righteous Brothers (#63); The Little Girl I Once Knew by the Beach Boys (#69); Jealous Heart by Connie Francis (#72); Apple of My Eye by Roy Head and the Traits (#74); Satin Pillows by Bobby Vinton (#79); Don't Fight It by Wilson Pickett (#82); The Revolution Kind by Sonny (#84); I Won't Love You Anymore (Sorry) by Lesley Gore (#86); The Duck by Jackie Lee (#87); You've Been Cheatin' by the Impressions (#88); All or Nothing by Patti LaBelle and the Bluebelles (#89); Look Through Any Window by the Hollies (#92); Crystal Chandelier by Vic Dana (#96); Quiet Night of Quiet Stars by Andy Williams (#98); Love Bug by Jack Jones (#99); A Young Girl by Noel Harrison (#100); Spanish Eyes by Al Martino (also #100); and A Well Respected Man by the Kinks (also #100).

Terrorism
Protesters opposed to Yugolsavian dictator Marshal Josip Broz Tito exploded a bomb under the doorstep on the Montclair Avenue side of the Yugoslav consulate on Spadina Road in Toronto.

War
The Pentagon told U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned operations were to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam had to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.

Hockey
NHL
Detroit 2 @ Montreal 3

Gordie Howe scored the second Detroit goal with 3:50 remaining in the game. It was the 600th goal in his 20-year NHL career.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ CNE Stadium, Toronto
Hamilton 22 Winnipeg 16

In a game that became known as the "Wind Bowl," 3 safety touches conceded by the Blue Bombers--1 in the 1st quarter and 2 in the 3rd--were the difference in the score as they lost to the Tiger-Cats before 32,655 fans. All the points were scored by the team with the wind behind them, and it wasn't until the 4th quarter, when the Blue ombers were facing the wind, that either team moved the ball across the 55-yard line against the wind. The Tiger-Cats led 10-0 after the 1st quarter, with Don Sutherin scoring a single on a missed field goal and Dick Cohee rushing 7 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Sutherin. The Blue Bombers came back with 13 points in the 2nd quarter on an 8-yard touchdown rush by Art Perkins and a 5-yard TD ruchs by Leo Lewis; Norm Winton missed the convert on the first touchdown, and was successful in converting Mr. Lewis's TD. Hamilton running back Willie Bethea scored the final touchdown in the 3rd quarter on a 69-yard pass from Joe Zuger, who punted for a single following the last 2 safety touches to give Hamilton a 22-13 lead. Mr. Winton kicked a field goal in the 4th quarter to close the scoring. Mr. Lewis led all rushers with 83 yards on 13 carries, and completed his only pass for 14 yards. Mr. Bethea led the Tiger-Cats with 12 carries for 67 yards, and caught 2 passes for 71 yards. Mr. Cohee rushed for 44 yards on 5 carries. Winnipeg quarterback Kenny Ploen completed 6 of 11 passes for just 52 yards, and allowed an interception by Garney Henley. Mr. Zuger threw just 4 passes, with his only completions going to Mr. Bethea. Frank Cosentino saw some playing time in relief of Mr. Zuger, and threw incomplete pass. Hamilton receivers Tommy Grant, Hal Patterson, and Stan Crisson didn't catch a pass. It was the last game for Mr. Crisson, and the last game in the 10-year Hall of Fame career of Winnipeg defensive end Herb Gray. It was the last Grey Cup to be televised in black and white.



40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rhinestone Cowboy--Glen Campbell (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Ross McWhirter, 49
. U.K. author. Ross and his brother Norris McWhirter compiled the annual Guinness Book of World Records. Ross McWhirter was assassinated by the provisional Irish Republican Army after a press conference in which he had announced a reward for the capture of those responsible for multiple bombings and shootings across England.

Defense
The Canadian Department of National Defence announced its intention to buy a fleet of new long-range patrol aircraft for almost $1 billion, plus modern tanks for land forces in Europe.

Football
NFL
Los Angeles (9-2) 20 @ Detroit (6-5) 0
Buffalo (7-4) 32 @ St. Louis (8-3) 14

30 years ago
1985


At the movies
Rocky IV, starring Sylvester Stallone, opened in theatres.

Politics and government
The British House of Commons voted 473-47 to approve the November 15 accord with Ireland giving the Republic of Ireland a formal consultative role in the governing of Northern Ireland.

The national leadership of the British Labour Party suspended the Liverpool district after allegations that the Communist group Militant Tendency was operating within it.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S. merchandise trade deficit had declined to $11.45 billion in October from September’s record of $15.55 billion.

25 years ago
1990


Died on this date
David White, 74
. U.S. actor. Mr. White was best known for playing Larry Tate in the television comedy series Bewitched (1964-1972).

Politics and government
John Major was chosen leader of the British Conservative Party on the second ballot, and was designated to replace Margaret Thatcher as the country’s next Prime Minister.

Society
Soviet Defense Minister Dmitri Yazov sanctioned the use of force to combat a "breakdown" of order as the U.S.S.R. was moving toward implementing a treaty to create a Union of Sovereign Socialist Republics.

National Football League Commissioner Paul Tagliabue levied $72,500 in fines against the New England Patriots and three of their players for harassing behaviour toward Boston Herald reporter Lisa Olson while she tried to interview one of the players, Maurice Hurst, after a game in September.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Don't Wanna Be a Star--Corona

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 Runaway--Janet Jackson
3 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms
4 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
5 Hand in My Pocket--Alanis Morisette
6 Back for Good--Take That
7 Name--Goo Goo Dolls
8 Do You Sleep?--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories
9 Let it Rain--Amanda Marshall
10 As I Lay Me Down--Sophie B. Hawkins

Singles entering the chart were Beautiful Life by Ace of Base (#81); Free as a Bird by the Beatles (#89); Freedom by Colin James (#92); The Ghost of Tom Joad by Bruce Springsteen (#93); GoldenEye by Tina Turner (#95); and Dear God by Sarah McLachlan (#96). GoldenEye was the title song of the movie.

World events
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda opened in Tanzania.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Jocelyn Brando, 86
. U.S. actress. Miss Brando, the older sister of actor Marlon Brando, appeared in various plays and television programs, but was best known for her supporting role in the movie The Big Heat (1953). She died nine days after her 86th birthday.

Joe Jones, 79. U.S. singer. Mr. Jones was best known for his hit single You Talk Too Much, which reached #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in the fall of 1960.

Medicine
The first partial human face transplant was completed in Amiens, France.

Television
The Grey Cup telecast on CBC and RDS was the first to take place in high definition.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ B.C. Place Stadium, Vancouver
Edmonton 38 Montreal 35 (2OT)

Sean Fleming's 36-yard field goal on the second overtime possession gave the Eskimos their win over the Alouettes before 59,157 fans. The Eskimos led 10-1 after a boring 1st half in which the only touchdown came on a 9-yard pass from Ricky Ray to Ed Hervey in the 2nd quarter; it was Mr. Hervey's only touchdown of the season. Montreal quarterback Anthony Calvillo led the Alouettes to 2 touchdowns in the 3rd quarter, both on 1-yard runs by Eric Lapointe, sandwiched around a field goal by Mr. Fleming. Damon Duval kicked a 13-yard field goal to give Montreal an 18-13 lead with 1:16 left in the 3rd quarter, but Tony Tompkins returned the subsequent kickoff 96 yards--a Grey Cup record--for a touchdown, with Mr. Fleming's convert giving Edmonton a 20-18 lead after 3 quarters. Mr. Calvillo rushed 1 yard for a touchdown, and Mr. Duval's convert gave the Alouettes a 25-20 lead with 9:34 remaining in regulation time. On a third-down gamble, Edmonton slotback Mookie Mitchell made a tremendous catch for a 35-yard gain, leading to a 1-yard touchdown rush by Mr. Ray and a 2-point convert pass from Mr. Ray to Jason Tucker with 1:03 remaining, giving the Eskimos a 28-25 lead. Mr. Calvillo led the Alouettes downfield again, and Mr. Duval kicked a 27-yard field goal on the last play of regulation time to tie the game 28-28. Mr. Calvillo connected with Dave Stala for a 30-yard touchdown on the first overtime possession, with Mr. Duval's convert giving Montreal a 35-28 lead. The Eskimos tied the game on their first overtime possession on an 11-yard TD pass from Mr. Ray to Mr. Tucker, converted by Mr. Fleming. Mr. Fleming then kicked his third FG of the game to give the Eskimos the lead, and the Edmonton defense stopped the Alouettes on their second overtime possession. Mr. Ray completed 34 of 45 passes for 359 yards and rushed 4 times for 18 yards, and was named the game's Most Valuable Player. Mr. Calvillo completed 29 of 43 passes for 361 yards and rushed 4 times for 21 yards. Mr. Mitchell caught 8 passes for 117 yards, while Ben Cahoon led the Alouettes with 94 yards on 9 receptions. Edmonton running back Troy Davis led all rushers with 68 yards on 11 carries; Mr. Lapointe led the Alouettes with 11 carried for 46 yards. Edmonton fullback Mike Maurer carried once for 2 yards, caught 4 passes for 41 yards, and made 1 special teams tackle, and was named the game's Most Valuable Canadian. It was the final game in the 14-year career of Edmonton offensive tackle Chris Morris. Edmonton deensive back Steven Marsh suffered a career-ending knee injury.

Thursday, 26 November 2015

November 26, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Joyce Malombe!

190 years ago
1825


Academia
At Union College in Schenectady, New York, a group of college students formed the Kappa Alpha Society, the first college social fraternity.

150 years ago
1865


War
The Spanish Navy schooner Virgen de Covadonga was defeated by the Chilean corvette Esmeralda in the Battle of Papudo, 55 miles north of Valparaíso.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Earl Wild
. U.S. musician. Mr. Wild was a classical pianist who played at the White House for six consecutive American presidents from Herbert Hoover through Lyndon Johnson. He joined the NBC Symphony Orchestra in 1937, and in 1939 became the first pianist to perform a recital on American television. Mr. Wild was known for his performances and recordings of the works of George Gershwin and Franz Liszt. He died on January 23, 2010 at the age of 94.

90 years ago
1925


Football
NFL
Chicago Cardinals 0 @ Chicago Bears 0

Just after finishing his season with the University of Illinois, star halfback Red Grange made his professional debut with the Bears before a standing room crowd of 36,000 on Thanksgiving Day at Cubs Park. The Cardinals held him to 36 yards rushing.

75 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Harold Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, 72
. U.K. newspaper magnate. Lord Rothermere and his brother Alfred, Lord Northcliffe, developed the Daily Mail and Daily Mirror, among other papers. Lord Rothermere was known for his support of the German Nazi regime.

Allan A. Ryan, 60. U.S. financier. Mr. Ryan cornered the stock of Stutz Motor Company in 1920, and went bankrupt as a result.

Divorced on this date
Actress Elaine Barrie divorced actor John Barrymore in Los Angeles on ground of cruelty.

War
Pierre Ryckmans, Governor-General of the Belgian Congo, announced that Italy had committed hostile acts against the Congo, and that he considered the Congo at war against Italy.

Diplomacy
Japanese Ambassador-designate to the United States Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura said, "the fate of the world hangs on American actions just now. If the United States becomes involved in conflict either in Europe or in the Pacific, civilization will go up in flames..." He stated that there was no issue between Japan and the United States that could not be solved peacefully.

Defense
The New York Times' correspondent in London reported that Japan was making new demands for bases in Indochina, asking for control of Saigon, Tonkin, and Indochina's South China Sea coast.

The Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies issued a statement calling for all-out aid for Britain; revision of American neutrality laws; and the use of American sea power to protect shipping in the Atlantic Ocean. Former Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Alf Landon told the Cooperative Club in Kansas City: "If we modify the Neutrality Act to permit our ships to enter the war, then it will be a case of 'Johnnie, get your gun'..."

Labour
The 12-day-old strike at the Vultee Aircraft plant in Downey, California ended when the company and the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Automobile Workers union negotiated a 16-month contract.

The American Federation of Labor convention in New Orleans adopted a resolution condemning racketeering in labour unions, and authorized the executive council to apply "all of its influence" to force action should unions evade their "responsibilities."

Politics and government
General Juan Almazan, self-styled President-elect of Mexico, returned by plane to Mexico City after a voluntary exile of four months in the United States.

Law
Panamanian President Arnulfo Arias decreed a referendum on December 15, 1940 to decide whether the new constitution approved recently by the National Assembly should become effective in 1941.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
2 I'll Buy that Dream--Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Hal McIntyre and his Orchestra
3 Till the End of Time--Perry Como
--Dick Haymes
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
4 Chickery Chick--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
5 That's for Me--Dick Haymes
--Jo Stafford
6 If I Loved You--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
--Frank Sinatra
7 On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Bing Crosby
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Judy Garland and the Merry Macs
8 I Can't Begin to Tell You--Bing Crosby with Carmen Cavallaro
--Andy Russell
--Harry James and his Orchestra
9 Hong Kong Blues--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
10 It's Only a Paper Moon--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys

Singles entering the chart were all three versions of I Can't Begin to Tell You; Fishin' for the Moon by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (#17); Just a Little Fond Affection by Gene Krupa and his Orchestra (#19); Buelah's Boogie by Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra (#21); Nancy (With the Laughing Face) (#25)/Cradle Song (#50) by Frank Sinatra; Cool Water by Sons of the Pioneers (#36); Clair de Lune (Moonlight) by Jose Iturbi (#37); Drip, Drip, Drip (Sloppy Lagoon) by Spike Jones and his City Slickers (#39); and Memphis in June by Harry James and his Orchestra (#40).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Accidental Murderess

At the movies
Brief Encounter, directed by David Lean, and starring Celia Johnson and Trevor Howard, opened in theatres.

War
At least 9 Jews were killed and 75 injured in clashes with 10,000 British troops in the Sharon Valley in Palestine.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. proposed that the Arab-Jewish problem be submitted to the Big Five--U.S.S.R.; U.S.A.; U.K.; France; and China.

The United States Senate opened debate on the United Nations Participation Act, whereby the U.S. would become an active member.

Defense
U.S. Navy Secretary James Forrestal urged adoption of a universal military training bill.

Economics and finance
U.S. Representative Hugh De Lacy (Democrat--Washington) introduced a resolution asking President Harry Truman to recall all U.S. aid to China immediately.

Labour
The Retail Workers union's "national demonstration" against Montgomery Ward began in branches throughout the United States, and the union claimed 75%-80% effectiveness, while the company reported that 92% of its employees were at work.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Stranger in Paradise--Tony Bennett (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Der Mond hält seine Wacht--Peter Alexander

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford (Best Seller--1st week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); Love is a Many-Splendored Thing--The Four Aces (Jukebox--3rd week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford
2 Autumn Leaves--Roger Williams
3 Moments to Remember--The Four Lads
4 Love is a Many-Splendored Thing--The Four Aces
5 Only You (And You Alone)--The Platters
--The Hilltoppers
6 I Hear You Knocking--Gale Storm
7 He--Al Hibbler
--The McGuire Sisters
8 The Yellow Rose of Texas--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra
--Johnny Desmond
--Stan Freberg
9 At My Front Door (Crazy Little Mama)--Pat Boone
--The El Dorados
10 The Shifting Whispering Sands--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
--Rusty Draper

Singles entering the chart were 24 Hours a Day (365 a Year) by Georgia Gibbs (#38); Shoot it Again by Teresa Brewer (#39); Band of Gold, with versions by Don Cherry and Kit Carson (#41); and Rememb'ring by Peter Lind Hayes and Mary Healy (#47).

On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Brother Ralph



On the radio
Montreal station CKAC was the centre of a 12-station network that broadcast the Grey Cup football game in French for the first time. Marc Pilon and Yvon Blais were the announcers. It was also the first time that the game was broadcast by shortwave to Canadian armed forces bases in Europe. Tape recordings of the broadcast were flown to Canadian troops stationed in South Korea and Indochina.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Empire Stadium, Vancouver
Edmonton 34 Montreal 19

The Eskimos scored 16 unanswered points in the 2nd half to defeat the Alouettes for their second straight Grey Cup championship. The crowd of 39,417 at the first Grey Cup to be played in Western Canada was the largest yet to attend a football game in Canada, and the record stood for 20 years. Montreal quarterback Sam Etcheverry completed 30 of 39 passes for 508 yards, a Grey Cup record for yards passing that still stands. The Alouettes led 13-6 after the 1st quarter on a 1-yard rush by Pat Abbruzzi for one touchdown, and a pass from Mr. Etcheverry for another, both converted by Bud Korchak, who had opened the scoring with a single on a wide field goal attempt. Normie Kwong rushed 1 yard for the Eskimos' touchdown in the 1st quarter, converted by Bob Dean. Edmonton fullback Johnny Bright rushed 42 yards for a touchdown on a draw play early in the 2nd quarter, and Mr. Dean's convert made the score 13-12. The Alouettes replied with a 64-yard TD pass from Mr. Etcheverry to Mr. Patterson, converted by Mr. Korchak to restore the 7-point lead. Edmonton quarterback Jackie Parker completed a 15-yard touchdown pass to Bob Heydenfeldt, and Mr. Dean's convert reduced Montreal's lead to 19-18 at halftime. The Eskimos put the game away with 2 touchdowns on the ground in the 3rd quarter, one each for Mr. Kwong and Mr. Bright, both converted by Mr. Dean, to make the score 30-19 after 3 quarters. Mr. Dean scored a single on a wide field goal in the 4th quarter, and closed the scoring with a 20-yard FG following an interception by Mr. Heydenfeldt at midfield, who lateralled to Mr. Bright for a return to the Montreal 25-yard line. The Eskimos rushed for a Grey Cup record 440 yards: Mr. Kwong carried 29 times for 135 yards; Mr. Bright gained 82 yards on 8 carries; Rollie Miles carried 6 times for 75; and Mr. Parker rushed for 69 yards on 6 carries. The Alouettes were held to 72 yards rushing, with Mr. Abbruzzi gaining just 18 yards on 7 carries. Red O'Quinn, who had caught 12 passes for 293 yards in the Alouettes' 26-25 loss to the Eskimos in the 1954 Grey Cup, again led Montreal receivers with 8 receptions for 140 yards. Mr. Patterson, who had missed the 1954 Grey Cup with an injury, caught 5 for 100. Mr. Parker completed 8 of 16 passes for 128 yards. The Eskimos had a 30-28 edge in first downs, and the Alouettes had a slight edge in total offense, 580 yards to 568. However, the Eskimos' effective rushing attack allowed them to keep possession of the ball for long stretches and use up the clock.



50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)
2 1-2-3--Len Barry
3 England Swings--Roger Miller
4 Taste of Honey--Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
5 Sinner Man--Trini Lopez
6 A Lover's Concerto--The Toys
7 Crawling Back--Roy Orbison
8 Puppet on a String--Elvis Presley
9 Let's Hang On--The 4 Seasons
10 One Has My Name (The Other Has My Heart)--Barry Young
Pick hit of the week: The Little Girl I Once Knew--The Beach Boys
New this week: I've Got to Be Somebody--Billy Joe Royal
Please Don't Fight It--Dino, Desi and Billy
Crystal Chandelier--Carl Belew
Thunderball--Tom Jones

Thunderball was the title song of the movie.

Space
France launched its first satellite, Asterix-1, atop a Diamant-A rocket, from the Hammaguir launch facility in Algeria.

40 years ago
1975


Crime
A U.S. federal jury found Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a follower of murderer Charles Manson, guilty of trying to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford on September 4, 1975.

Labour
Nearly 900,000 workers in Japan went on strike, crippling transportation and communications systems.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Gerald Ford approved federal aid for debt-ridden New York City.

Baseball
Boston Red Sox' center fielder Fred Lynn was named the American League's Most Valuable Player and Rookie of the Year for 1975. He batted .331 with 21 home runs and 105 runs batted in in 145 games in helping the Red Sox to the American League pennant, while batting .364 in the AL Championship Series and .280 in the World Series.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Ihminen ei voi elää vetämättä--MC Nikke T (4th week at #1)

Space
The Delta II rocket made its maiden flight.

Politics and government
Polish Premier Tadeusz Mazowiecki announced his resignation after finishing third in a field of six candidates in the previous day’s election for the office of president. He said that he and his cabinet would remain in office until a new premier was appointed by the next president.

Lee Kuan Yew announced that he would be stepping down after 31 years as Prime Minister of Singapore, to be replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong. Under Mr. Lee, Singapore had become economically powerful, but at the cost of freedom.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Knockin'--Double Vision (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (4th week at #1)

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Stan Berenstain, 82
. U.S. author and illustrator. Mr. Berenstain and his wife Jan created the Berenstain Bears series of children's books.

Mark Craney, 53. U.S. musician. Mr. Craney was the drummer with the British rock group Jethro Tull from 1980-1981. He died of pneumonia.

Tuesday, 24 November 2015

November 25, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nancy Stella Usma Castro!

130 years ago
1885


Died on this date
Thomas A. Hendricks, 66
. 21st Vice President of the United States of America, 1885. Mr. Hendricks, a Democrat, represented Indiana in the United States House of Representatives from 1851-1855 and in the Senate from 1863-1869. He was Governor of Indiana from 1873-1877. Mr. Hendricks was the vice presidential running mate of Democratic Party presidential nominee Samuel Tilden in the hotly-disputed election of 1876, and was elected as Grover Cleveland's running mate in 1884. He had been suffering from poor health for several years, and died in his sleep while on a trip home to Indianapolis. The vice presidency remained vacant for the rest of Mr. Cleveland's term in office.

Alfoso XII, 27. King of Spain, 1874-1885. Alfonso XII was the son of Queen Isabella II, who was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1868. She abdicated in his favour while in exile in his favour, and when the monarchy was restored, he took the throne on December 29, 1874. Alfonso XII had tuberculosis and died of dysentery three days before his 28th birthday. At the time of his death, Queen Maria Christina was pregnant with their son, who acceded to the throne as King Alfonso XIII upon his birth on May 17, 1886.

110 years ago
1905


Europeana
Prince Carl of Denmark arrived in Norway to become King Haakon VII of Norway.

Football
CRU
Dominion Final
Ottawa 9 @ University of Toronto 11

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Augusto Pinochet
. 30th President of Chile, 1973-1990. Captain General Pinochet was Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army when the army seized power in a coup that toppled elected President Salvador Allende. Capt. Gen. Pinochet led Chile as a dictator, but resigned at the end of a gradual transition to democracy. He was indicted in Spain in 1998 for human rights violations, but was released for medical reasons in 2000. Capt. Gen. Pinochet died on December 10, 2006 at the age of 91.

Armando Villanueva. Prime Minister of Peru, 1988-1989. Mr. Villanueva, a member of the Peruvian Aprista Party, served time in prison for opposing the military dictatorship of Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro, and then held various positions before serving as Prime Minister during the presidency of Alan García. He died on April 14, 2013 at the age of 97.

Science
Albert Einstein presented the field equations of general relativity to the Prussian Academy of Sciences.

Transportation
The New York Central Railroad signed a 21-year lease for the Ottawa and New York Railway.

90 years ago
1925


At the movies
The Phantom of the Opera, starring Lon Chaney and Mary Philbin, opened in theatres.

Politics and government
Gerald Nye, a Republican, took office as a United States Senator from North Dakota, replacing Edwin F. Ladd, who had died on June 22, 1925. Mr. Nye was appointed by North Dakota Governor Arthur Sorlie.

80 years ago
1935


Politics and government
Premier Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, who had been in office since 1920, led his governing Liberal Party to its fourth straight victory in the Quebec provincial election, but with a reduced majority. The Liberals won 47 of 89 seats in the National Assembly, down from 79 of 90 in the 1931 election. The Action libérale nationale, led by Paul Gouin, won 25 seats in their first election, while the Conservatives, led by Maurice Duplessis, won 17 seats, up from 11 in 1931.

75 years ago
1940


Abominations
Reports from Warsaw said that effective the following day, approximately 500,000 Warsaw Jews would be forced to live in a ghetto surrounded by an eight-foot concrete wall built by the Germans as a "health measure."

Defense
The U.S.S.R. informed Germany that the Soviet Union was ready to join the Tripartite Pact only if German troops withdrew from Finland; if Germany conceded that Bulgaria was within the Soviet sphere of influence; and if Japan made concessions in Sakhalin. Informed Nazi sources in Berlin said that Bulgaria would not join the Axis "at present." Geoffrey de Havilland took the British combat plane de Havilland Mosquito for its first flight in England. In the United States, Ken Ebel took the bomber Martin B-26 Marauder for its first flight.

Terrorism
The French-built ocean liner SS Patria was sunk in Haifa harbour by a bomb placed by Munya Mardor of the Jewish paramilitary group Haganah, killing 267 people and injuring 172. There were 1,800 Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied Europe aboard, who were about to be sent to Mauritius because they lacked entry permits to Palestine. The bomb was apparently intended just to prevent the ship from leaving Haifa, and not to kill people, but Haganah claimed to have miscalculated the effects of the bomb.

Diplomacy
The first Inter-Maritime Conference opened in Washington for the purpose of promoting shipping and trade facilities in the Western Hemisphere.

The Marquess of Lothian, the United Kingdom's new Ambassador to the United States, conferred with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull, later telling reporters that Britain expected substantial aid from the U.S. in the next year in the form of credits, warplanes, ships, and munitions.

Politics and government
Paraguayan President Higinio Moríñigo tightened his rule by ousting several opponents from his cabinet and key army positions.

Crime
Rufo Romero, leader of the Philippine Boy Scouts, was convicted by a general court martial in Manila of conspiring to sell military information, and was sentenced to 15 years in prison.

Law
The Supreme Court of the United States unanimously ruled that exclusion of Negroes from a Texas grand jury violated the 14th Amendment of the Constitution of the United States.

15 Democratic U.S. Senators joined 19 Republicans in a vote to take up the Logan-Walter Bill, which would increase the authority of the courts to review and set aside the decisions of government boards and agencies.

Labour
American Federation of Labor President William Green said at the AFL convention in New Orleans that no strike "for any reason" should be permitted to interrupt the production of war materials for national defense or for the United Kingdom.

70 years ago
1945


War
After a 35-mile advance, Nationalist Chinese troops claimed the capture of the Communist strongpoint of Chinhsien in the province of Jehol.

Politics and government
In the Austrian general election, the rightist Catholic People's Party, led by Leopold Figi, captured at least 85 seats in the National Assembly, with the Social Democrats winning 77 and the Communists 3.

World events
The Azerbaijani "National Congress" demanded autonomy for the province, but denied any intention of dividing Iran.

Abominations
Women were allowed to vote in Ecuadorean municipal elections for the first time; conservatives captured the most posts.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets

At the movies
The Big Knife, directed by Robert Aldrich, and starring Jack Palance, Ida Lupino, Wendell Corey, Rod Steiger, and Shelley Winters, opened in theatres.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): The Carnival is Over--The Seekers

World events
In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Joseph-Désiré Mobutu deposed President Joseph Kasavubu and became President for an initial term of 5 years (which stretched into 32 years).

40 years ago
1975


South Americana
Suriname gained its independence from the Netherlands.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Koi ni Ochite: Fall in Love--Akiko Kobayashi (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder (5th week at #1)

Crime
Sharon Scranage, an employee of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, was sentenced to five years in prison for giving the names of U.S. intelligence agents in Ghana to a citizen of Ghana.

Ronald Pelton, a former employee of the U.S. National Security Agency, was charged with selling U.S. intelligence secrets to the U.S.S.R.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): To Sir, with Love--Ngaire (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
In the first round of voting to elect a President of Poland, Lech Walesa, leader of the Solidarity trade union movement, led with 40%. Stanislaw Tyminski, a businessman who had emigrated to Canada in 1969, was second with 23%. Premier Tadeusz Mazowiecki was third of six candidates with 18%. The winner needed to draw more than 50% of the vote, and only the top two candidates were allowed to move on to the second round of voting.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ B.C. Place Stadium, Vancouver
Winnipeg 50 Edmonton 11

The Blue Bombers recovered 4 Eskimo fumbles and made 3 interceptions and a turnover on downs to win their second Grey Cup in 3 years before 46,968 fans. Winnipeg led 10-0 after the 1st quarter on a 13-yard Trevor Kennerd field goal and an 11-yard touchdown pass from Tom Burgess to Lee Hull, converted by Mr. Kennerd. Ray Macoritti got the Eskimos on the scoreboard with a 56-yard punt single in the 2nd quarter, and kicked a 37-yard field goal with 1 second remaining to reduce Winnipeg’s lead to 10-4 at halftime. The key play of the game occurred at 5:16 of the 3rd quarter when Winnipeg linebacker Greg Battle made a great play for an interception and returned it 32 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Kennerd. The Blue Bombers quickly turned the game into a rout, as Mr. Burgess completed touchdown passes of 5 yards to Perry Tuttle and 18 yards to Warren Hudson, and handed off to Mr. Hudson for a 2-yard touchdown rush on the last play of the 3rd quarter. All were converted by Mr. Kennerd, and Winnipeg led 38-4 after 3 quarters. The only Edmonton touchdown came on a 20-yard pass from Tracy Ham to Larry Willis at 2:34 of the 4th quarter, converted by Mr. Macoritti. James West sacked Mr. Ham in the Edmonton end zone for a safety touch, Mr. Kennerd added a 14-yard field goal, and backup quarterback Danny McManus completed a 56-yard touchdown pass to Rick House, converted by Mr. Kennerd. Mr. Burgess completed 18 of 31 passes for 286 yards, while Mr. McManus was 2 for 2 for 66 yards and Sammy Garza was 1 for 4 for 15 yards and an interception. Mr. Ham completed 20 of 37 passes for 253 yards and led all rushers with 84 yards on 11 carries. Robert Mimbs led the Blue Bombers with 11 carries for 55 yards. Edmonton’s Craig Ellis led all receivers with 8 receptions for 131 yards; Mr. House led the Blue Bombers with 107 yards on 6 receptions. Eight different Eskimos caught at least one pass, while seven different Blue Bombers made at least one reception. Mr. Burgess was named the game’s outstanding offensive player; Mr. Battle was the outstanding defensive player; Mr. Hudson was the outstanding Canadian. The game was the last as a CFL head coach for Winnipeg’s Mike Riley, and was the end of the line for Joe Faragalli with the Eskimos; he was retired a few days later.





20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Het is een Nacht... (Levensecht)--Guus Meeuwis & Vagant (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Father and Son--Boyzone

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (8th week at #1)
2 Runaway--Janet Jackson
3 Tell Me--Groove Theory
4 Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston
5 Diggin' on You--TLC
6 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men
7 Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
8 Who Can I Run To?--Xscape
9 Back for Good--Take That
10 Name--Goo Goo Dolls

Singles entering the chart were Diggin' on You; Rock Steady by Bonnie Raitt and Bryan Adams (#55); Blessed by Elton John (#58); The World I Know by Collective Soul (#71); Throw Your Hands Up/Gangsta's Paradise by L.V. (#84); and Ridin' Low by L.A.D. featuring Darvy Traylor (#85).

Scandal
Former Osler Inc. Chairman Len Gaudet was sentenced in Toronto to eight years in jail for his role in the costliest brokerage failure in Bay Street history.

Football
CIS
Vanier Cup @ SkyDome, Toronto
Calgary 54 Western Ontario 24

Don Blair caught 4 passes for 74 yards and 3 touchdowns, and returned a blocked punt for another TD, as the Dinosaurs routed the Mustangs before 29,178 fans. Mr. Blair's 4 touchdowns set a Vanier Cup record, and earned him the Ted Morris Memorial Trophy as the game's Most Valuable Player. His teammate Tarek Jayoussi led all receivers with 8 receptions for 188 yards and a touchdown, while Calgary's Chris Lewis rushed 18 times for 104 yards and 2 touchdowns. Brian Mlachak added 6 converts and 2 field goals, with his first FG coming from 50 yards, a Vanier Cup record. Jason Assen started at quarterback and left with an injury after throwing the first TD pass to Mr. Blair. Sasha Blaskovich replaced Mr. Assen and completed 15 of 22 passes for 294 yards and 3 touchdowns. Western Ontario quarterback Warren Goldie completed just 11 of 25 passes for 143 yards and a touchdown to Tom McConnell to open the scoring. Mr. Goldie also rushed 1 yard for a touchdown early in the 4th quarter and handed off to Sean Reade for a 1-yard TD with 7:40 remaining. Garrick MacBride added 3 converts and a field goal.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
George Best, 59
. U.K. soccer player. Mr. Best, a native of Belfast, was a winger with numerous clubs, but was best known for his years with Manchester United, scoring 137 goals in 361 games with them from 1963-1974. He was also well known for his alcohol-sodden lifestyle, which negatively influenced his game and destroyed his life. This blogger saw him play in person for the San Jose Earthquakes of the North American Soccer League against the Edmonton Drillers at Commonwealth Stadium in Edmonton on April 27, 1980. Mr. Best was inducted as a charter member of the English Football Hall of Fame in 2002.

Richard Burns, 34. U.K. auto racing driver. Mr. Burns won the 2001 World Rally Championship after finishing second in the previous two years. He died of a brain tumour.

Society
New liquor licensing laws came into force in England and Wales, allowing pubs to remain open 24 hours a day.