240 years ago
The United States Marine Corps was founded at Tun Tavern in Philadelphia by Samuel Nicholas.
150 years ago
Died on this date
Henry Wirz, 41. Swiss-born C.S. military officer. Major Wirz was the superintendent of Camp Sumter, a prisoner-of-war camp near Anderson, Georgia. The camp was overcrowded, leading to appalling conditions. Major--then Captain--Wirz pleaded for help from his superiors, but was denied. He was charged with conspiring with others "...to injure the health and destroy the lives of soldiers in the military service of the United States," and with 13 counts of "Murder, in violation of the laws and customs of war." Major Wirz was convicted by a military tribunal and hanged at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C., 15 days before his 42nd birthday.
75 years ago
On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Crooked Man
Died on this date
Key Pittman, 68. U.S. politician. Mr. Pittman, a Democrat, represented Nevada in the United States Senate from 1913 until his death. He was President pro tempore of the Senate and chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations from 1933 until his death. Sen. Pittman suffered a heart attack shortly before the November 5, 1940 election, but Democratic Party officials lied to the press and said that Sen. Pittman had been hospitalized for exhaustion and that his condition wasn't serious, when in fact they had been told by two doctors that Sen. Pittman's death was imminent.
Italian Undersecretary of War General Ubaldo Soddu replaced General Sebastiano Visconti Prasca as commander-in-chief of Italian forces in Albania.
The China Aid Council, composed of American groups, protested to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt against the shipment of "war supplies, including finished steel and machine tools, to Japan, contrary to the principles implied in the embargo." New York Triborough Bridge Authority Chairman Robert Moses proposed construction of four major highways in the metropolitan area at a cost of $65 million to facilitate the defense of the city in wartime.
Politics and government
The Boston Globe printed comments from an interview conducted the previous day with Joseph P. Kennedy, U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain, in which he expressed the opinion that democracy was dead in England and would soon be replaced by national socialism.
The Vrancea earthquake struck Romania, registering 7.7 on the Richter scale, killing an estimated 1,000 and injuring approximately 4,000 more.
Track and field
Gérard Côté of Canada won the 6th annual Yonkers Marathon in a time of 2:34:06.2 to win the U.S. National Amateur Athletic Association championship
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Till the End of Time--Perry Como (9th week at #1)
Chinese Nationalists reported that troops had made progress against Communist forces along the Great Wall and were driving on Chinhsien. Communist and Nationalist forces clashed near the coastal anchor of the Great Wall at Shanhaikwan.
Fighting of British and British Indian troops against Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists in the East Javan city of Surabaya reached its peak. The day is now celebrated in Indonesia as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
British Prime Minister Clement Attlee and Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King arrived in Washington for talks with U.S. President Harry Truman about the atomic bomb.
Politics and government
Mexico's governing Intitutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) refused to support any reforms in the electoral law, which empowered the Chamber of Deputies to count votes in national elections.
Dr. Samuel N. Kramer of the Pennsylvania Museum announced the discovery of a previously unknown heroic age in Sumer, lower Babylonia, that flourished 5,000 years ago.
Calgary 6 @ Winnipeg 9
Lloyd Boivin's short touchdown rush in the 4th quarter gave the Blue Bombers their win over the Stampeders before just 1,500 fans at Osborne Stadium on a cold Saturday afternoon. A 60-yard touchdown pass from Harry Hobbs to George Alexander--the only completed pass of the game--gave the Stampders a 5-0 lead, which was reduced to 5-3 on a 40-yard field goal by Ches McCance, who converted Mr. Boivin's TD. The winning touchdown culminated a drive that seemed to have ended near the Calgary 40-yard line when referee Les Ferguson ruled that the Stampeders had stopped the Blue Bombers on a third-down gamble. The yard markers at Osborne Stadium were inaccurate, and the Blue Bombers requested a measurement. The measurement showed that the rushing play had gained the necessary yardage, and Mr. Ferguson reversed his ruling. The game deteriorated in the final minutes, especially after Calgary playing coach Dean Griffing threw a punch at Winnipeg quarterback Nate Shore as Mr. Shore was heading back to his bench. Several fans ran onto the field to get involved, and police had to come onto the field to restore order. The game statistics give an indication of the game's ineptitude, including: First downs: Calgary 2, Winnipeg 7; Yards rushing: Calgary 78, Winnipeg 153; Yards passing: Calgary 60, Winnipeg 0; Passes/complete: Calgary 10/1, Winnipeg 5/0; Interceptions: Calgary 1, Winnipeg 0; Punts/average yards: Calgary 12/32.7, Winnipeg 11/34.1; Punt return yards: Calgary 20, Winnipeg 42; Fumbles/lost: Calgary 2/2, Winnipeg 0; Penalties/yards: Calgary 5/50, Winnipeg 3/35.
50 years ago
Died on this date
Roger LaPorte, 22. U.S. activist. Mr. LaPorte, a member of the Catholic Worker Movement, died the day after setting himself on fire in front of the United Nations building in New York in a protest against the Vietnam War.
The Beatles were at EMI Studios in London, where they recorded the song The Word, and began recording the final version of the song I'm Looking Through You.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mamma Mia--ABBA (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ichigo Hakusho wo Mou Ichido--Bang Bang (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Bella Sin Alma--Richard Cocciante (4th week at #1)
The United Nations General Assembly voted 72-35 with 32 abstentions in favour of Resolution 3379, to "determine that Zionism is a form of racism and racial discrimination." The resolution was repealed on December 16, 1991 by Resolution 46/86, which was passed by a vote of 111-25 with 13 abstentions.
In Morristown, New Jersey, New Jersey Superior Court Judge Robert Muir refused to order that the respirator be disconnected from Karen Quinlan, 21, who had been in an irreversible coma since April 15, 1975. Judge Muir ruled that the decision of whether or not to disconnect Miss Quinlan's respirator was a medical rather than a legal decision. Miss Quinlan's parents had petitioned the court to have the respirator removed, and Joseph Quinlan said that it was time for her to "go to her heavenly father."
10,800 people were reported to have paid their respects to Mayor William Hawrelak, who had died on November 7 at the age of 60. Some of those people probably just wanted to make sure.
Politics and government
The government of the Northwest Territories disbanded the village council of Frobisher Bay. Ray Creery, the N.W.T. government's director of local government, described the village's government as "muddled management" with "no proper financial control." He appointed a local figure to take charge of the government of Frobisher Bay to "restore a proper administrative standard."
R.S. Westbury, a consulting geologist for Toronto-based Phoenix Oil Canada, said that a proposal for studies preparatory to the explosion of a 10-kiloton nuclear device south of Fort McMurray, Alberta had been delayed by the national postal strike, but would be included in those now being studied by the Alberta oil sands research team. Mr. Westbury said that the most important test of the experiments to determine environmental effects would be to discover whether water was moving through the general formation in which the device would be detonated. If it was shown that within 30 years water would move from the area to a zone where it was used for human consumption, the concept would be shelved. Phoenix Oil had submitted the application for financial aid through the mail, but Canada was in the midst of a two-month postal strike, hence the delay.
The 729-foot-long U.S. freighter SS Edmund Fitzgerald sank during a storm on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crewmen on board.
Kansas City (4-4) 34 @ Dallas (5-3) 31
The Kansas City Royals released designated hitter Harmon Killebrew, ending his 22-year Hall of Fame major league career. Mr. Killebrew played with the Washington Nationals/Senators/Minnesota Twins from 1954-1974 and the Royals in 1975. He batted .256 with 573 home runs and 1,584 runs batted in in 2,435 games. Mr. Killebrew hit 40 or more home runs in a season eight times, with his best total being 49 in 1969, when he was the American League's Most Valuable Player. In 106 games with Kansas City in 1975 Mr. Killebrew batted .199 with 14 homers and 44 RBIs.
30 years ago
Philadelphia Flyers’ goalie Pelle Lindbergh smashed his Porsche into a cement wall at high speed in Somerdale, New Jersey, leaving the 26-year-old brain-dead, and inspiring one of the Edmonton Sun’s most memorable and tasteful front-page headlines: GOALIE BRAIN DEAD.
Ottawa 20 @ Montreal 30
Edmonton 15 @ Winnipeg 22
Joe Barnes completed 28 of 40 passes for 344 yards, including a 20-yard touchdown to Nick Arakgi on the final play of the 3rd quarter, to lead the Concordes to victory before just 11,372 fans at Olympic Stadium. Tony Johns rushed 10 times for 45 yards and touchdowns of 3 and 1 yards for Montreal, while Roy Kurtz added 3 converts and 3 field goals. Ottawa quarterback J.C. Watts led the Rough Riders in rushing with 56 yards on 10 carries, but completed just 12 of 27 passes for 146 yards, including a 17-yard touchdown to Stew Fraser in the 2nd quarter. Tim McCray rushed 5 times for 34 yards, including a 1-yard touchdown with 46 seconds remaining in the game, and added 52 yards on 6 pass receptions. Mr. Aragki led the Concordes with 7 receptions for 110 yards, and teammate Kris Haines caught 5 for 92. Mr. Fraser led the Rough Riders with 70 yards on 4 receptions.
The officiating crew led by referee Lorne Woods, who had angered Ottawa Rough Riders’ head coach Joe Moss the week before, had another bad game, and the Eskimos, who put up a heroic struggle, were the victims. Particularly bad was an incident in the 4th quarter where Winnipeg offensive tackle Chris Walby kicked Edmonton defensive back Mark Jackson, and instead of being ejected with a 25-yard penalty, he escaped with a call of offsetting penalties. James Murphy scored both Winnipeg touchdowns on passes from Tom Clements. The first came 18 seconds into the 2nd quarter and covered 12 yards; the second, which provided the margin of victory, was a 16-yard pass on the last play of the 3rd quarter. Trevor Kennerd converted both and added 2 field goals and a single. Bob Cameron punted 59 yards for a single on the second-last play of the game. The Eskimos scored their first touchdown 9:03 into the game when Dan Bass blocked a punt and Dan Kearns fell on the ball in the Winnipeg end zone to break a 1-1 tie. Their other major score came after Jeff Treftlin alertly beat a slow Winnipeg player and recovered the second-half kickoff deep in Blue Bomber territory. Damon Allen, who played almost the entire game at quarterback in place of injured regular Matt Dunigan, sneaked over from the 1-yard line just 50 seconds into the 3rd quarter. Tom Dixon added 2 converts and a single on a missed 33-yard field goal attempt in the 1st quarter. Willard Reaves of the Blue Bombers led all rushers with 18 carries for 86 yards. Mr. Allen led the Eskimos with 9 rushes for 44 yards. Mr. Murphy caught 5 passes for 71 yards to lead all receivers. Brian Kelly of the Eskimos caught 2 for 52, and just missed catching up to a long pass from Mr. Allen on the last play of the game; if he’d caught it, he very well may have scored, and the almost-certain convert would have sent the game into overtime. Rookie Steve Howlett caught 2 passes for 45 yards for the Eskimos, and Brian Fryer, playing the last game of a 10-year professional career, caught 1 for 12. Mr. Clements completed 17 of 30 passes for 193 yards and 2 interceptions; one of the interceptions was by Ron Howard, who had played for the Blue Bombers in pre-season, but was playing his first real CFL game as an Eskimo cornerback. The other Eskimo interception was by defensive tackle James Zachery. He returned the ball 32 yards, an impressive accomplishment for someone playing with a broken toe. Mr. Allen, in his first CFL playoff game, completed 11 of 29 passes for 156 yards and 2 interceptions. Brad Taylor, also playing his first playoff game, relieved Mr. Allen for one play and threw an incomplete pass. 29,191 fans at Winnipeg Stadium saw the Blue Bombers defeat the Eskimos in the semi-final for the third straight year. In retrospect, it seemed as though the dismal performance by Mr. Woods may have been the result of incipient coronary problems; he died of a heart attack just a few weeks later.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Jukebox in Siberia--Skyhooks (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Itoshī hi toyo--Emitteyo
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I'm Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Cult of Snap--Snap! (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Verdammt, ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Une femme avec une femme--Mecano
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Joker--Steve Miller Band (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice (2nd week at #1)
2 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
3 Giving You the Benefit--Pebbles
4 Pray--M.C. Hammer
5 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
6 More Than Words Can Say--Alias
7 I Don’t Have the Heart--James Ingram
8 Suicide Blonde--INXS
9 Groove is in the Heart--Deee-Lite
10 Knockin’ Boots--Candyman
Singles entering the chart were Hang in Long Enough by Phil Collins (#53); Sensitivity by Ralph Tresvant (#56); Does She Love That Man? by Breathe featuring David Glasper (#69); Never Enough by the Cure (#72); The First Time by Surface (#73); If You Needed Somebody by Bad Company (#80); Gentle by Dino (#82); Doin' the Do by Betty Boo (#85); and Don't You Wanna Be Mine by Denise Lopez (#87).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Suicide Blonde--INXS
2 Praying for Time--George Michael
3 More than Words Can Say--Alias
4 Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers
5 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
6 Say a Prayer--Breathe
8 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
9 Something Happened on the Way to Heaven--Phil Collins
10 So Close--Daryl Hall John Oates
Singles entering the chart were Lost Soul by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#63); Real Real Gone by Van Morrison (#71); So Hard by Pet Shop Boys (#87); Burning Train by Scott Merritt (#90); The Bridge is Burning by the Jitters (#91); Fearless by the Neville Brothers (#93); Heaven Can Wait by Paul Young (#95); I Can't Forget About You by Zahalan (#96); Signs by Tesla (#98); and I'm Seventeen by Tommy Cogswell and the Young Rumblers (#99).
Died on this date
Aurelio Monteagudo, 46. Cuban-born Venezuelan baseball pitcher. Mr. Monteagudo played with the Kansas City Athletics (1963-1966); Houston Astros (1966); Chicago White Sox (1967); Kansas City Royals (1970); and California Angels (1973), compiling a record of 3-7 with an earned run average of 5.05 in 72 games--65 in relief. He also had lengthy careers in the Venezuelan League and the Mexican League, and was inducted into the Venezuelan Baseball Hall of Fame in 2009. Mr. Monteagudo was killed in a car accident nine days before his 47th birthday.
Politics and government
Chandra Shekhar, leader of the Janata Dal (Socialist) party, was sworn in as Prime Minister of India. He was widely seen as a caretaker Prime Minister who would lose his position when Congress (I) leader and former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi withdrew his support from the governing coalition.
20 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (3rd week at #1)
Died on this date
Ken Saro-Wiwa, 54. Nigerian actist. Mr. Saro-Wiwa, a writer and televsion producer, was a member of the minority Ogoni ethnic group who was opposed to environmental damage to his homeland caused by oil extraction. He and with eight others with the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (Mosop) were hanged by government forces despite international protests and pleas for clemency.
Images of snowshoes now on Flickr - Snowshoes distribute a person’s weight over snow, enabling one to walk without sinking too deeply. Traditional snowshoes are made with wooden frames and le...
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