Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Johnny Rivers!
350 years ago
The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, was first published.
130 years ago
At Craigellachie, British Columbia, Donald Smith drove the last spike to finish construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Ottawa College 21 Ottawa Rough Riders 0
90 years ago
Camp Borden (3-2) 21 @ Hamilton (2-3) 3
University of Toronto II (1-4) 16 Toronto Balmy Beach (4-1) 14
Regina Roughriders @ University of Alberta (cancelled)
The game in Edmonton was cancelled because of the -16 F. temperature. When the U of A refused to reschedule the game, the Roughriders were declared the winners, and went to Winnipeg to play the Tammany Tigers for the Western Canada Rugby Football Union championship.
75 years ago
Reports from the 100-mile-long mountainous front on the Greek-Albanian border indicated that Italian forces had started their main attack after stemming the Greek advance in the north and south, while Greek troops had beaten back an Italian column in the middle sector near Yanina.
The Japanese military mission in Indochina protested to the French governor general against "increasing activities of all anti-Japanese elements."
According to reports from London, an understanding had been reached in principle by the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia regarding defense cooperation in the Pacific and possible U.S. use of the British naval base at Singapore.
Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau announced that President Franklin D. Roosevelt would soon ask Congress to adopt a financial program that would include raising the debt limit to $60-65 billion and passage of new defense taxes. Following Mr. Morgenthau's announcement, prices jumped 1-8 points on the New York Stock Exchange amid speculation of inflation.
In Tacoma, Washington, the original Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapsed in a windstorm, just over four months after the bridge's opening.
70 years ago
Riots in Tripoli since November 4 had resulted in more than 100 Jews being slain, and more than 550 Arabs had been arrested by British authorities.
11 people were arrestedin Asuncion as a precaution against a possible attempt to overthrow Paraguayan dictator Higinio Morinigo.
Italy suggested that Fiume and Zara be given to Yugoslavia and that Trieste become a free city. Italy and the United States reported that Italy had requested that she be allowed to keep her African territories, including Ethiopia, Tripolitania, and Somaliland.
The United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved full U.S. participation in the United Nations, with its Security Council representative able to vote the use of American troops to secure the peace.
Allied headquarters in Tokyo announced that all incoming news dispatches must be approved by the Soviet, Chinese, British, and American missions before publication.
Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and current U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin told the House of Commons that the U.S. and U.K. should keep the atomic secret until the United Nations could be entrusted with it.
The United States War Department announced that enlisted men with 50 points on duty in the U.S. or on leave would be discharged by the end of the month.
British Royal Air Force Captain Hugh Wilson flew the Gloster Meteor jet at a world record speed average of 606 miles per hour over Herne Bay, England.
The United States Army announced the development of a new vaccine effective against two types of influenza.
Politics and government
Brazil reported that 7.5 million voters had been registered for the December 2, 1945 presidential election.
Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman asked the House of Representatives to act on his recommendation for a $107.5-million public works fund.
The United Auto Workers of American rejected a General Motors offer to raise wages 8%-10% for all workers whose salaries had lagged behind the cost of living, charging that it was an effort to "sandbag" the public into higher auto costs.
Washington American Federation of Labor transit workers accepted a 30c hourly wage increase and agreed to end their walkout.
60 years ago
At the movies
Queen Bee, starring Joan Crawford, Barry Sullivan, Betsy Palmer, and John Ireland opened in theatres.
Saskatchewan 9 @ Winnipeg 8 (Winnipeg won 2-game, total points series 24-16)
50 years ago
Art Arfons of the United States set a world land speed record on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, driving at an average speed of 576.553 miles per hour, breaking his own record of 536.71 mph set there on October 27, 1964. Mr. Arfons damaged his car in the attempt and took it back to Ohio afterward for repairs.
Saskatchewan 9 @ Winnipeg 15
Dave Raimey rushed for touchdowns of 75 and 25 yards as the Blue Bombers built a 14-6 halftime lead as they defeated the Roughriders before 21,600 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Snow began falling late in the 1st half, hampering the offenses of both teams through the remainder of the game.
40 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: Wasted Days and Wasted Nights--Freddy Fender (8th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Lady Bump--Penny McLean (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Dolannes-Melodie--Jean-Claude Borelly (4th week at #1)
Died on this date
William Hawrelak, 60. Canadian politician. Mr. Hawrelak was Mayor of Edmonton from 1951-1959, 1963-1965, and 1974-1975. He was an effective administrator, but was forced out of office in 1959 and again in 1965 because companies in which he was involved were doing business with the city, and he was profiting from these activities. Mr. Hawrelak was elected again in 1974--unseating incumbent Ivor Dent--but died in office of a heart attack.
Khaled Mosharraf, 38. Bangladeshi military officer. Brigadier General Mosharraf was assassinated six days after his 38th birthday in an uprising led by Colonel Abu Taher that freed Major General Ziaur Rahman, who had been under house arrest for four days, since a coup led by Brigadier General Mosharraf. The November 3 coup was launched against officers who had taken power in a coup in August 1975. November 7 is occasionally observed in Bangladesh as National Revolution and Solidarity Day.
Dr. Tiede Herrema, a Dutch industrialist kidnapped by the Irish Republican Army more than a month earlier, was freed after a two-week siege by police in County Kildare in the Republic of Ireland.
The Boston Bruins traded centre Phil Esposito and defenceman Carol Vadnais to the New York Rangers for centre Jean Ratelle and defencemen Brad Park and Joe Zanussi. Mr. Esposito was in his 13th season in the National Hockey League and his 9th season with the Bruins, and had led the league in scoring in five seasons and in goals in six seasons from 1968-75. In 12 games with the Bruins in 1975-76 he had 6 goals and 10 assists. Mr. Vadnais was in his 10th season in the NHL and 5th with the Bruins; in 12 games with Boston in 1975-76 he had 2 goals and 5 assists. Mr. Ratelle was in 16th season in the NHL--all with the Rangers--and had scored 336 goals and 501 assists in a New York uniform. In 13 games in 1975-76 he had 5 goals and 10 assists. Mr. Park was in his 8th season in the NHL--all with the Rangers--and had made the first or second all-star team five times. In 13 games with the Rangers in 1975-76 he had 2 goals and 4 assists. Mr. Park was regarded as the second-best defenceman in the NHL next to Boston's Bobby Orr, who was currently out of action with knee problems. Hockey fans were anticipating what Messrs. Orr and Park could accomplish as teammates when Mr. Orr returned from injury. Mr. Zanussi was in his second NHL season, having spent several years in the minor leagues. In 1970-71 he had shared the Central Hockey League's Most Valuable Player award while with Fort Worth, and had won the Eddie Shore Award as the American Hockey League's best defenceman in 1974-75 as a member of the Providence Reds. In 11 games with Providence in 1975-76 he had 8 goals and 11 assists.
The Boston Red Sox assigned catcher Chuck Erickson to the Denver Bears of the AAA American Association to complete the September 22 deal in which the Bears' parent club, the Chicago White Sox, had traded first baseman Deron Johnson to Boston for cash and a player to be named later. Mr. Erickson batted .202 with 2 home runs and 14 runs batted in in 53 games with the Pawtucket Red Sox of the AAA International League in 1975.
30 years ago
Canada's top 8
1 Take on Me--A-Ha
2 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
3 Oh Sheila--Ready for the World
4 I'm Goin' Down--Bruce Springsteen
5 Saving All My Love for You--Whitney Houston
6 Fortress Around Your Heart--Sting
7 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer
8 We Built This City--Starship
On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: Teacher’s Aide, starring Adrienne Barbeau; Paladin of the Lost Hour, starring Danny Kaye
Paladin of the Lost Hour, written by Harlan Ellison and based on his novelette, was one of the new Twilight Zone’s best episodes.
Police and Colombian government troops stormed the palace of Justice in Bogota--where 60 rebels with the M-19 movement had taken 300 people hostage the previous day--and blasted walls down with dynamite. 95 people were killed in the resulting fire and fighting. 11 supreme court judges were killed, including the president of the court, Alfonso Reyes Echandia, who had pleaded by telephone with the government not to go ahead with the attack. Colombian President Belisario Betancur addressed the nation and assumed responsibility for the decision to attack the palace.
25 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (5th week at #1)
On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Little Debbie
Died on this date
Lawrence Durrell, 78. Indian-born U.K. author. Mr. Durrell's works included The Alexandria Quartet (1957-1960) and The Avignon Quintet (1974-1985).
A gunman fired two shots near the reviewing stand in Moscow where Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and other dignitaries were watching the annual parade marking the anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution. No one was injured and the gunman was arrested.
At the Second World Climate Conference in Geneva, more than 130 countries reached an agreement to begin drafting an agreement on global warming. The signatories agreed to seek "feasible national programs or strategies" to limit emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Many delegates criticized the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. for successfully leading opposition to establishing firm targets for reducing carbon dioxide.
Politics and government
In the first round of voting in Ireland’s presidential elections, Brian Lenihan of the Fianna Fail party was leading, with Mary Robinson, the candidate of the Labour Party and the Workers Party, was second. Neither candidate had a majority, and according to Irish law, the votes given to the third-place finisher were to be distributed according to the second-choice preferences of those voters.
Indian Prime Minister Vishwanath Pratap Singh resigned after he lost a vote of confidence in parliament 346-142. His opposition to construction of a Hindu temple on the site of a mosque led the Hindu fundamentalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the key ally of Mr. Singh’s Janata Dal party, to withdraw from the National Front coalition. His plan to provide more government jobs for low-caste Hindus had antagonized influential leaders in Indian politics.
Economics and finance
The Dow Jones Industrial Average, which had closed at nearly 3,000 in July, fell to 2440.84.
10 years ago
The Ottawa Renegades named John Jenkins as their head coach, succeeding Joe Paopao, who had been fired two days earlier. Mr. Jenkins had been an assistant coach with several CFL teams, including the Toronto Argonauts' Grey Cup championship team in 1997. He had most recently been the offensive coordinator with the Calgary Stampeders in 2004, but was fired in mid-season because of philosophical differences with head coach Matt Dunigan.
Canada and the German mercenaries of the American Revolution - By Anik Laflèche If your last name is Schneider, Sigman, Henry, or André, or it has “von” in it, you may be of German descent. In 1776, the Thirteen Coloni...
2 days ago