Thursday, 26 November 2015

November 26, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Joyce Malombe!

190 years ago
1825


Academia
At Union College in Schenectady, New York, a group of college students formed the Kappa Alpha Society, the first college social fraternity.

150 years ago
1865


War
The Spanish Navy schooner Virgen de Covadonga was defeated by the Chilean corvette Esmeralda in the Battle of Papudo, 55 miles north of Valparaíso.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Earl Wild
. U.S. musician. Mr. Wild was a classical pianist who played at the White House for six consecutive American presidents from Herbert Hoover through Lyndon Johnson. He joined the NBC Symphony Orchestra in 1937, and in 1939 became the first pianist to perform a recital on American television. Mr. Wild was known for his performances and recordings of the works of George Gershwin and Franz Liszt. He died on January 23, 2010 at the age of 94.

90 years ago
1925


Football
NFL
Chicago Cardinals 0 @ Chicago Bears 0

Just after finishing his season with the University of Illinois, star halfback Red Grange made his professional debut with the Bears before a standing room crowd of 36,000 on Thanksgiving Day at Cubs Park. The Cardinals held him to 36 yards rushing.

75 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Harold Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, 72
. U.K. newspaper magnate. Lord Rothermere and his brother Alfred, Lord Northcliffe, developed the Daily Mail and Daily Mirror, among other papers. Lord Rothermere was known for his support of the German Nazi regime.

Allan A. Ryan, 60. U.S. financier. Mr. Ryan cornered the stock of Stutz Motor Company in 1920, and went bankrupt as a result.

Divorced on this date
Actress Elaine Barrie divorced actor John Barrymore in Los Angeles on ground of cruelty.

War
Pierre Ryckmans, Governor-General of the Belgian Congo, announced that Italy had committed hostile acts against the Congo, and that he considered the Congo at war against Italy.

Diplomacy
Japanese Ambassador-designate to the United States Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura said, "the fate of the world hangs on American actions just now. If the United States becomes involved in conflict either in Europe or in the Pacific, civilization will go up in flames..." He stated that there was no issue between Japan and the United States that could not be solved peacefully.

Defense
The New York Times' correspondent in London reported that Japan was making new demands for bases in Indochina, asking for control of Saigon, Tonkin, and Indochina's South China Sea coast.

The Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies issued a statement calling for all-out aid for Britain; revision of American neutrality laws; and the use of American sea power to protect shipping in the Atlantic Ocean. Former Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Alf Landon told the Cooperative Club in Kansas City: "If we modify the Neutrality Act to permit our ships to enter the war, then it will be a case of 'Johnnie, get your gun'..."

Labour
The 12-day-old strike at the Vultee Aircraft plant in Downey, California ended when the company and the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Automobile Workers union negotiated a 16-month contract.

The American Federation of Labor convention in New Orleans adopted a resolution condemning racketeering in labour unions, and authorized the executive council to apply "all of its influence" to force action should unions evade their "responsibilities."

Politics and government
General Juan Almazan, self-styled President-elect of Mexico, returned by plane to Mexico City after a voluntary exile of four months in the United States.

Law
Panamanian President Arnulfo Arias decreed a referendum on December 15, 1940 to decide whether the new constitution approved recently by the National Assembly should become effective in 1941.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
2 I'll Buy that Dream--Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Hal McIntyre and his Orchestra
3 Till the End of Time--Perry Como
--Dick Haymes
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
4 Chickery Chick--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
5 That's for Me--Dick Haymes
--Jo Stafford
6 If I Loved You--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
--Frank Sinatra
7 On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Bing Crosby
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Judy Garland and the Merry Macs
8 I Can't Begin to Tell You--Bing Crosby with Carmen Cavallaro
--Andy Russell
--Harry James and his Orchestra
9 Hong Kong Blues--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
10 It's Only a Paper Moon--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys

Singles entering the chart were all three versions of I Can't Begin to Tell You; Fishin' for the Moon by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (#17); Just a Little Fond Affection by Gene Krupa and his Orchestra (#19); Buelah's Boogie by Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra (#21); Nancy (With the Laughing Face) (#25)/Cradle Song (#50) by Frank Sinatra; Cool Water by Sons of the Pioneers (#36); Clair de Lune (Moonlight) by Jose Iturbi (#37); Drip, Drip, Drip (Sloppy Lagoon) by Spike Jones and his City Slickers (#39); and Memphis in June by Harry James and his Orchestra (#40).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Accidental Murderess

At the movies
Brief Encounter, directed by David Lean, and starring Celia Johnson and Trevor Howard, opened in theatres.

War
At least 9 Jews were killed and 75 injured in clashes with 10,000 British troops in the Sharon Valley in Palestine.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. proposed that the Arab-Jewish problem be submitted to the Big Five--U.S.S.R.; U.S.A.; U.K.; France; and China.

The United States Senate opened debate on the United Nations Participation Act, whereby the U.S. would become an active member.

Defense
U.S. Navy Secretary James Forrestal urged adoption of a universal military training bill.

Economics and finance
U.S. Representative Hugh De Lacy (Democrat--Washington) introduced a resolution asking President Harry Truman to recall all U.S. aid to China immediately.

Labour
The Retail Workers union's "national demonstration" against Montgomery Ward began in branches throughout the United States, and the union claimed 75%-80% effectiveness, while the company reported that 92% of its employees were at work.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Stranger in Paradise--Tony Bennett (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Der Mond hält seine Wacht--Peter Alexander

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford (Best Seller--1st week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); Love is a Many-Splendored Thing--The Four Aces (Jukebox--3rd week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford
2 Autumn Leaves--Roger Williams
3 Moments to Remember--The Four Lads
4 Love is a Many-Splendored Thing--The Four Aces
5 Only You (And You Alone)--The Platters
--The Hilltoppers
6 I Hear You Knocking--Gale Storm
7 He--Al Hibbler
--The McGuire Sisters
8 The Yellow Rose of Texas--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra
--Johnny Desmond
--Stan Freberg
9 At My Front Door (Crazy Little Mama)--Pat Boone
--The El Dorados
10 The Shifting Whispering Sands--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
--Rusty Draper

Singles entering the chart were 24 Hours a Day (365 a Year) by Georgia Gibbs (#38); Shoot it Again by Teresa Brewer (#39); Band of Gold, with versions by Don Cherry and Kit Carson (#41); and Rememb'ring by Peter Lind Hayes and Mary Healy (#47).

On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Brother Ralph



On the radio
Montreal station CKAC was the centre of a 12-station network that broadcast the Grey Cup football game in French for the first time. Marc Pilon and Yvon Blais were the announcers. It was also the first time that the game was broadcast by shortwave to Canadian armed forces bases in Europe. Tape recordings of the broadcast were flown to Canadian troops stationed in South Korea and Indochina.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Empire Stadium, Vancouver
Edmonton 34 Montreal 19

The Eskimos scored 16 unanswered points in the 2nd half to defeat the Alouettes for their second straight Grey Cup championship. The crowd of 39,417 at the first Grey Cup to be played in Western Canada was the largest yet to attend a football game in Canada, and the record stood for 20 years. Montreal quarterback Sam Etcheverry completed 30 of 39 passes for 508 yards, a Grey Cup record for yards passing that still stands. The Alouettes led 13-6 after the 1st quarter on a 1-yard rush by Pat Abbruzzi for one touchdown, and a pass from Mr. Etcheverry for another, both converted by Bud Korchak, who had opened the scoring with a single on a wide field goal attempt. Normie Kwong rushed 1 yard for the Eskimos' touchdown in the 1st quarter, converted by Bob Dean. Edmonton fullback Johnny Bright rushed 42 yards for a touchdown on a draw play early in the 2nd quarter, and Mr. Dean's convert made the score 13-12. The Alouettes replied with a 64-yard TD pass from Mr. Etcheverry to Mr. Patterson, converted by Mr. Korchak to restore the 7-point lead. Edmonton quarterback Jackie Parker completed a 15-yard touchdown pass to Bob Heydenfeldt, and Mr. Dean's convert reduced Montreal's lead to 19-18 at halftime. The Eskimos put the game away with 2 touchdowns on the ground in the 3rd quarter, one each for Mr. Kwong and Mr. Bright, both converted by Mr. Dean, to make the score 30-19 after 3 quarters. Mr. Dean scored a single on a wide field goal in the 4th quarter, and closed the scoring with a 20-yard FG following an interception by Mr. Heydenfeldt at midfield, who lateralled to Mr. Bright for a return to the Montreal 25-yard line. The Eskimos rushed for a Grey Cup record 440 yards: Mr. Kwong carried 29 times for 135 yards; Mr. Bright gained 82 yards on 8 carries; Rollie Miles carried 6 times for 75; and Mr. Parker rushed for 69 yards on 6 carries. The Alouettes were held to 72 yards rushing, with Mr. Abbruzzi gaining just 18 yards on 7 carries. Red O'Quinn, who had caught 12 passes for 293 yards in the Alouettes' 26-25 loss to the Eskimos in the 1954 Grey Cup, again led Montreal receivers with 8 receptions for 140 yards. Mr. Patterson, who had missed the 1954 Grey Cup with an injury, caught 5 for 100. Mr. Parker completed 8 of 16 passes for 128 yards. The Eskimos had a 30-28 edge in first downs, and the Alouettes had a slight edge in total offense, 580 yards to 568. However, the Eskimos' effective rushing attack allowed them to keep possession of the ball for long stretches and use up the clock.



50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)
2 1-2-3--Len Barry
3 England Swings--Roger Miller
4 Taste of Honey--Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
5 Sinner Man--Trini Lopez
6 A Lover's Concerto--The Toys
7 Crawling Back--Roy Orbison
8 Puppet on a String--Elvis Presley
9 Let's Hang On--The 4 Seasons
10 One Has My Name (The Other Has My Heart)--Barry Young
Pick hit of the week: The Little Girl I Once Knew--The Beach Boys
New this week: I've Got to Be Somebody--Billy Joe Royal
Please Don't Fight It--Dino, Desi and Billy
Crystal Chandelier--Carl Belew
Thunderball--Tom Jones

Thunderball was the title song of the movie.

Space
France launched its first satellite, Asterix-1, atop a Diamant-A rocket, from the Hammaguir launch facility in Algeria.

40 years ago
1975


Crime
A U.S. federal jury found Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a follower of murderer Charles Manson, guilty of trying to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford on September 4, 1975.

Labour
Nearly 900,000 workers in Japan went on strike, crippling transportation and communications systems.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Gerald Ford approved federal aid for debt-ridden New York City.

Baseball
Boston Red Sox' center fielder Fred Lynn was named the American League's Most Valuable Player and Rookie of the Year for 1975. He batted .331 with 21 home runs and 105 runs batted in in 145 games in helping the Red Sox to the American League pennant, while batting .364 in the AL Championship Series and .280 in the World Series.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Ihminen ei voi elää vetämättä--MC Nikke T (4th week at #1)

Space
The Delta II rocket made its maiden flight.

Politics and government
Polish Premier Tadeusz Mazowiecki announced his resignation after finishing third in a field of six candidates in the previous day’s election for the office of president. He said that he and his cabinet would remain in office until a new premier was appointed by the next president.

Lee Kuan Yew announced that he would be stepping down after 31 years as Prime Minister of Singapore, to be replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong. Under Mr. Lee, Singapore had become economically powerful, but at the cost of freedom.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Knockin'--Double Vision (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (4th week at #1)

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Stan Berenstain, 82
. U.S. author and illustrator. Mr. Berenstain and his wife Jan created the Berenstain Bears series of children's books.

Mark Craney, 53. U.S. musician. Mr. Craney was the drummer with the British rock group Jethro Tull from 1980-1981. He died of pneumonia.

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