Saturday, 21 November 2015

November 21, 2015

175 years ago

Born on this date
Victoria, Princess Royal
. U.K. Royal Family member and Empress of Germany. Victoria, the eldest child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, was the wife of German Kaiser Frederick III and the mother of Wilhelm II. She died of breast cancer at the age of 60 on August 5, 1901, less than seven months after the death of her mother.

120 years ago

Dominion Final
University of Toronto 20 @ Montreal 5

90 years ago

Eastern Semi-Final
Queen's University 21 @ Toronto Balmy Beach 9

75 years ago

Married on this date
American novelist Ernest Hemingway and war correspondent Martha Gellhorn were wed by a justice of the peace in Cheyenne, Wyoming.

The Italian government announced the capture of British Air Marshal Owen Tudor Boyd when his plane, en route to Cairo, was forced down in Sicily.

World events
Nearly 1,800 Jewish immigrants who arrived in Palestiine without legal status were being held on two ships, to be sent by British authorities to a British colony, since military interests precluded "illegal entry" into Palestine.

Removal of American women and children from the Netherlands East Indies was reported to be almost complete.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denied that the Norden bomb sight--America's best--had been released to the United Kingdom, but confirmed that the Sperry bomb sight had been released as more or less obsolete.

Economics and finance
The war budget introduced in the Australian House of Representatives showed that 20% of Australia's national income would be devoted to the war effort.

John L. Lewis resigned as President of the Congress of Industrial Organizations at the CIO's convention in Atlanta, as he said he would if Franklin D. Roosevelt were re-elected President of the United States. Mr. Lewis was replaced by Philip Murray. The convention, with only a few delegates refusing to vote, unanimously approved a resolution denouncing Nazism, Communism, and Fascism.

At the American Federation of Labor convention in New Orleans, International Ladies' Garment Workers Union President David Dubinsky engaged in a protracted fistfight with Joseph Fay, vice-president of the International Union of Operating Engineers.

A Gallup Poll reported a majority of voters questioned favoured more regulations of labour unions and fewer restrictions on business.

70 years ago

Ellen Glasgow, 72. U.S. author. Miss Glasgow, a native of Richmond, Virginia, was known for her novels about the contemporary southern United States. Her last novel, In This Our Life (1941), won the 1942 Pulitzer Prize for the Novel.

Robert Benchley, 56. U.S. humourist. Mr. Benchley was known for his essays in The New Yorker, his appearances in short films such as How to Sleep (1935), and his membership in the Algonquin Round Table. He drank himself to death.

Alexander Patch, 55. U.S. military officer. General Patch commanded the U.S. 7th Army in Europe during World War II. He died of pneumonia the day after his 30th wedding anniversary, and two days before his 56th birthday.

Al "Bummy" Davis, 25. U.S. boxer. Mr. Davis, born Albert Abraham Davidoff, was a lightweight and welterweight, who compiled a record of 65-10-4 in a professional career running from 1937-1945. He scored a 3-round technical knockout of former world lightweight champion Tony Canzoneri in 1939, and fought two non-title bouts against world welterweight champion Fritzie Zivic in 1940 and 1941. The first fight, on November 15, 1940, resulted in Mr. Davis's disqualification in the 2nd round; he had been thumbed in the eye, and responded with at least 10 low blows in a row, kicking referee Billy Cavanaugh after being disqualified. Mr. Davis was shot to death by armed robbers at Dudy's Bar in Brownsville, New York. Mr. Davis, who had recently sold the bar, chased the robbers after being shot three times, but a fourth shot proved fatal.

Robert H. Jackson, chief American prosecutor at the war crimes trials of Nazis in Nuremberg, made a four-hour opening statement, charging the Nazi defendants with responsibility for World War II. At the war crimes trials in Manila of Japanese leaders, defense of General Tomoyuki Yamashita opened with an explanation that he had commanded only 120,000 of the 300,000 troops on Luzon, and a denial that he knew of any atrocities.

Nationalist Chinese troops drove 30 miles deeper into Manchuria, claiming Hingcheng and threatening the port of Hulutao.

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes and French Foreign Minister Maurice Couve de Murville concluded talks on French plans to internationalize the Ruhr and form a "sovereign" state in the Rhineland.

Politics and government
French President Charles de Gaulle created a coalition cabinet with the three major parties--Socialist, Communist, and Popular Republican--each receiving five posts.

Along with the banning of the Japanese classic The Forty-Seven Ronin--which glorified death and revenge--Allied headquarters began screening other plays and music scores.

At its closing session in Chicago, the American Legion recommended a unified defense and universal military training.

United Auto Workers struck at 92 General Motors plants in 50 cities in 20 states to back up worker demands for a 30-percent raise.

The United States House of Representatives released two bills for floor action to restrict unions. One would bar union political activity; release companines from contracts violated by a union strike; and allow companies to sue unions for damages suffered during strikes. The other bill would prevent labour interference with interstate transport.

Nikolai Krassilnikov, head of the Micro-Biological Inistitute of the Academy of Sciences in Moscow, reported the development of a new drug, "aspergillin," useful in treating diphtheria.

Detroit Tigers' pitcher Hal Newhouser was named the American League's Most Valuable Player for 1945. Mr. Newhouser led the AL in wins (25); winning percentage (.735); starts (36); complete games (29); innings pitched (313); strikeouts (212); shutouts (8); and earned run average (1.81). He was less impressive in the World Series, but still posted a 2-1 record with 22 strikeouts in 20 2/3 innings and complete game victories in games 5 and 7 as the Tigers edged the Chicago Cubs 4 games to 3.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Tears on My Pillow--Johnny Nash

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Lady Bump--Penny McLean (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Dolannes-Melodie--Jean-Claude Borelly (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection (2nd week at #1)

It was Sadie Hawkins Day as part of Spirit Week at Sir John Franklin Territorial High School, with a barn dance in the gym during lunch hour and the Sadie Hawkins Dance at 8 P.M.

Canadian College Bowl, @ CNE Stadium, Toronto
Ottawa 14 Calgary 9

Neil Lumsden rushed 27 times for 169 yards and was awarded the Ted Morris Memorial Trophy as the game's Most Valuable Player as the Gee-Gees defeated the Dinosaurs before 17,481 fans in the last College Bowl ever played at CNE Stadium. Mr. Lumsden fumbled 3 times, but one of his fumbles produced the winning touchdown in the 3rd quarter when quarterback Jim Colton recovered in the Calgary end zone. Mr. Colton injured an ankle on the play, and 16-year-old freshman Yves LeClerc did a good job in preserving the lead, with tremendous help from the Ottawa defense. Bill Harrison scored the first Ottawa touchdown; Mr. Lumsden converted both touchdowns and had his jersey number 33 retired after the game. Calgary running back Dan Diduck rushed 17 times for 91 yards and caught 4 passes for 62 yards, including a 19-yard pass from Greg Watson in the 2nd quarter for the Dinosaurs' only touchdown, converted by Lindsay Hay. Mitch Davies scored the other Calgary point on a punt single. Mr. Watson completed just 4 of 12 passes and threw 3 interceptions while alternating at quarterback with Don Siler, who completed 6 of 14 passes. Calgary led 8-7 at halftime. The game was broadcast live on CBC radio and taped for CBC television, but not telecast until the following day.

30 years ago

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: Dead Woman’s Shoes, starring Helen Mirren; Wong’s Lost and Found Emporium, starring Brian Tochi

U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev concluded their summit in Geneva, meeting without advisers. They spoke of the world being a "safer place," but reached no agreement regarding the U.S. anti-missile Strategic Defense Initiative.

The Irish Dail voted 88-75 to approve the November 15 agreement with the U.K. giving the Republic of Ireland a formal consultative role in the governing of Northern Ireland.

Jonathan Pollard, an analyst for the U.S. Naval Intelligence Service, was charged with selling classified information to Israel.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): No Coke--Dr. Alban

Died on this date
Dean Hart, 36
. Canadian wrestler and referee. Mr. Hart was a son of legendary Calgary professional wrestling patriarch Stu Hart, and wrestled professionally in the 1970s and '80s before becoming a referee. He died of Bright's disease.

The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe concluded in Paris with the various national leaders signing the Charter of Paris for a New Europe, which declared an end to "the era of confrontation and division in Europe" and pledged a "new era of democracy, peace and unity." The agreement marked an official end to the Cold War.

In New York District Court, Judge Kimba Wood sentenced Michael Milken, a former employee of Drexel Burnham Lambert, Incorporated to 10 years in prison for securities fraud. Mr. Milken had helped to facilitate the corporate takeover boom of the 1980s through the promotion of high-risk, high-yield securities known as "junk bonds." He had pleaded guilty in April 1990 to six felony counts of fraud and agreed to pay fines and restitution totalling $600 million. Judge Wood said a prison term was necessary to deter others in the financial industry from engaging in similar practices.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Noel Jones, 54
. Indian-born U.K. diplomat. Mr. Jones was British Ambassador to Kazakhstan from 1993 until his death. He was the first British ambassador to come from an ethnic minority.

Bosnian, Serb, and Croat leaders initialled the Dayton Accord at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, near Dayton, Ohio, ending 3 1/2 years of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The agreement was formally ratified in Paris, on December 14, 1985.

France conducted its fourth undergound nuclear test under Mururoa Atoll, Tahiti, despite international protest and local riots.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 5,000 for the first time.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Alfred Anderson, 109
. U.K. soldier. Mr. Anderson was Scotland's last surviving World War I veteran.

Hugh Sidey, 78. U.S. American journalist. Mr. Sidey worked for Life (1955-1957) and Time magazines, where he became known for reporting on the U.S. presidency.

Politics and government
Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon broke away from the Likud Party with the intention of forming a new party.

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