430 years ago
Died on this date
Mary, Queen of Scots, 44. Queen of Scots, 1542-1567; Queen Consort of France, 1559-1560. Mary, a Roman Catholic, had been forced to abdicate the Scottish throne in favour of her 1-year-old son, King James I, and had fled to England to seek the protection of her cousin, once removed, Queen Elizabeth I. However, Queen Elizabeth, a Protestant, regarded Mary as a threat, and after more than 18 years of imprisonment, Mary was beheaded at Fotheringay Castle, Northamptonshire.
210 years ago
French forces commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte won a tactical victory over Russian forces commanded by Count von Benningsen in the Battle of Eylau in East Prussia.
200 years ago
Juan Gregorio de las Heras crossed the Andes with an army to join José de San Martín and liberate Chile from Spain.
180 years ago
Politics and government
Democratic Party candidate and current Vice President Martin Van Buren was confirmed as 8th President of the United States of America, receiving 170 electoral votes as a result of the 1836 election. Mr. Van Buren's running mate, Richard Johnson, received only 147 electoral votes, one short of the required majority, because Virginia's 23 "faithless" electors refused to vote for him. The vote was immediately referred to the Senate, which voted along party lines. Mr. Johnson received 36 votes to 16 for Whig Party candidate Francis Granger, becoming the first Vice President to be chosen by the Senate.
130 years ago
U.S. President Grover Cleveland signed the Dawes Act, which authorized the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.
75 years ago
On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Voodoo Curse
Japanese forces invaded Singapore. The Dutch Colonial Army General Destruction Unit (AVC, Algemene Vernielings Corps) burned Banjarmasin, South Borneo to avoid Japanese capture.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Old Lamp-Lighter--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (8th week at #1)
60 years ago
#1 single in France (IFOP): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Será, Será)--Doris Day (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Garden of Eden--Frankie Vaughan (3rd week at #1)
Died on this date
Walther Bothe, 66. German physicist. Professor Bothe wan a share of the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the coincidence method and his discoveries made therewith."
John von Neumann, 53. Austro-Hungarian born U.S. mathematician and physicist. Dr. von Neumann was a polymath who worked on the Manhattan Project during World War II, and whose accomplishments in other areas are too numerous to mention here. He died of cancer.
50 years ago
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones (3rd week at #1)
2 It's Not Easy--Normie Rowe
3 Ooh La La--Normie Rowe
4 Knight in Rusty Armour--Peter and Gordon
5 Single Girl--Sandy Posey
6 Friday on My Mind--The Easybeats
7 Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
8 When Will I Be Loved?/Kiss Me Now--Johnny Young
9 I'm a Believer--The Monkees
10 Coalman--Ronnie Burns
Singles entering the chart were River Deep - Mountain High by Ike and Tina Turner (#38); Save Me by Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich (#39); and A Love Like Yours by Ike and Tina Turner (#40).
Died on this date
Victor Gollancz, 73. U.K. publisher. Sir Victor founded Victor Gollancz Ltd in 1927, using his publishing house chiefly to promote pacifist and socialist non-fiction.
The Beatles were in studio two at Abbey Road in London, where they began recording the song Good Morning Good Morning.
A four-day truce began in the Vietnam War.
40 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Daddy Cool--Boney M. (11th week at #1)
On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Someone's Watching
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Good Times--Jimmy Barnes featuring INXS (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: C'est la Vie--Robbie Nevil
#1 single in France: T'en va pas--Elsa (6th week at #1)
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Let's Talk About Sex--Salt-n-Pepa (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kanashimi hayuki no yoni--Shogo Hamada
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--George Michael/Elton John (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Black or White--Michael Jackson (12th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--George Michael/Elton John (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Song of Ocarina--Jean-Philippe Audin & Diego Modena (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--George Michael/Elton John (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Goodnight Girl--Wet Wet Wet (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'm Too Sexy--Right Said Fred
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Diamonds and Pearls--Prince and the New Power Generation
2 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--George Michael/Elton John
3 Mysterious Ways--U2
4 I Love Your Smile--Shanice
5 The Way I Feel About You--Karyn White
6 Smells Like Teen Spirit--Nirvana
7 Can't Let Go--Mariah Carey
8 I Can't Make You Love Me--Bonnie Raitt
9 To Be with You--Mr. Big
10 There Will Never Be Another Tonight--Bryan Adams
Singles entering the chart were Save the Best for Last by Vanessa Williams (#80); Tears in Heaven by Eric Clapton (#83); Hazard by Richard Marx (#85); and Mama, I'm Coming Home by Ozzy Osbourne (#86). Tears in Heaven was from the movie Rush (1991).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Mysterious Ways--U2 (2nd week at #1)
2 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me-George Michael/Elton John
3 There Will Never Be Another Tonight--Bryan Adams
4 No Regrets--Tom Cochrane
5 Can't Let Go--Mariah Carey
6 Black or White--Michael Jackson
7 Diamonds and Pearls--Prince and the New Power Generation
8 Rescued (By the Arms of Love)--Glass Tiger
9 Go Back to Your Woods--Robbie Robertson
10 Change--Lisa Stansfield
Singles entering the chart were Tears in Heaven by Eric Clapton (#58); Peace of Mind (Love Goes On) by One 2 One (#61); Missing You Now by Michael Bolton (#63); The Bug by Dire Straits (#64); Diamonds by Joel Feeney (#74); Shake Your Spirit by Frozen Ghost (#79); Paper Doll by PM Dawn (#80); Every Road Leads Back to You by Bette Midler (#82); She Takes my Breath Away by Eddie Money (#90); Ghost of a Chance by Rush (#92); International Bright Young Thing by Jesus Jones (#96); and What Becomes of the Brokenhearted by Paul Young (#97).
20 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Let a Boy Cry--Gala
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Don't Cry for Me Argentina--Madonna (4th week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Don't Cry for Me Argentina--Madonna (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Freed from Desire--Gala (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Freed from Desire--Gala (10th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Discothèque--U2
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Ain't Nobody--LL Cool J
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Un-Break My Heart--Toni Braxton (10th week at #1)
Died on this date
Corey Scott, 28. U.S. motorcyclist. Mr. Scott was a stunt rider who was killed while attempting a jump at the Orange Bowl in Miami. He was supposed to grab onto a net after letting go of his motorcycle, but failed to get a good grip on the net, and fell 60 feet to his death.
Toronto 4 Vancouver 2
10 years ago
Died on this date
Anna Nicole Smith, 39. U.S. model. Miss Smith, born Vickie Lynn Hogan, appeared in Playboy and modeled for several companies, but was better known for her marriage in 1994 to Texas oil tycoon J. Howard Marshall, when she was 26, and he was 89. Mr. Marshall died a year later, and disputes over his will dragged on for a decade. Miss Smith was a frequent subject of tabloid magazines and television programs; she was addicted to prescription drugs, an overdose of which caused her death.
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