Thursday, 29 May 2008

May 28, 2008

200 years ago
1808


Died on this date
Richard Hurd, 88
. English clergyman and writer. The Bishop of Worcester from 1781-1808, Mr. Hurd’s books included Letters on Chivalry and Romance (1762) and An Introduction to the Study of the Prophecies concerning the Christian Church (1772).

Exploration
Simon Fraser left Fort George, British Columbia to travel down the river which is now named for him, on his way to the Pacific Ocean.

100 years ago
1908

Born on this date
Ian Fleming
. U.K. author. Mr. Fleming used his experience as a British intelligence agent to create James Bond. Mr. Fleming wrote 12 James Bond novels, including Dr. No; From Russia, With Love; and Goldfinger. He also wrote the children's book Chitty Chitty Bang Bang. Ian Fleming died in 1964.

90 years ago
1918

Baseball

At Fenway Park‚ Joe Bush of the Boston Red Sox pitched a one-hit‚ 1-0 win over the Chicago White Sox, and drove in the lone run. The lone Chicago hit was a "flying single" (Harry Casey‚ in the Boston Evening Record) by Happy Felsch‚ which occurred when he threw his bat at the ball on a hit-and-run. Eddie Cicotte allowed 5 hits‚ 3 by Fred Thomas‚ in the loss.

80 years ago
1928

World events

Russian writer Maxim Gorky returned from Italy after an absence of many years, and was received in Moscow by a Nikolai Bukharin, a high Soviet government official, along with thousands of workmen, students, writers, and actors, Communist youth and units of the Red Army, bearing streamers and banners instead of arms.

Religion
The Presbyterian General Assembly at Tulsa, Oklahoma refused to consider union with the Christian, Universalist, and Congregational churches, but authorized a committee to meet the Methodists and consider a union with them.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Athletics bought pitcher George Earnshaw from the Baltimore Orioles of the International League for $50‚000 and 2 players.

40 years ago
1968

War

U.S. President Lyndon Johnson accused North Vietnam of obstructing the Paris peace talks.

Politics
In the contest for the U.S. presidential nominations, Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota won the Oregon Democratic primary. Sen. McCarthy took 45% of the vote, with Senator Robert F. Kennedy of New York receiving 39%. Sen. Kennedy had come out on top in a pre-primary poll by NBC. Former Vice President Richard Nixon won the Republican primary with 73% of the vote. California Governor Ronald Reagan received 23% and New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller took 4% on write-ins.

Baseball
The American League owners agreed to divide the league into two divisions and reduce its schedule to 156 games. The following divisional alignment was set for the 1969 season: Eastern: Baltimore Orioles; Boston Red Sox; Cleveland Indians; Detroit Tigers; New York Yankees; Washington Senators. Western: California Angels; Chicago White Sox; Kansas City Royals; Minnesota Twins; Oakland Athletics; Seattle Pilots.

Suffering his fourth straight defeat‚ Bob Gibson of the St. Louis Cardinals (3-5) dropped a 3-1 decision to Gaylord Perry and the San Francisco Giants.

Jim Maloney fired a one-hitter at the Los Angeles Dodgers as the Reds won 7-0. A single in the 5th inning by Zoilo Versalles was the only Dodger hit.

30 years ago
1978

On the radio

The CBS Radio Mystery Theater broadcast on CFCN in Calgary was The Gloria Scott, starring Kevin McCarthy as Sherlock Holmes.

World events
The Vietnamese government denied that Chinese residents in that country had been mistreated.

Politics
U.S. National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski agreed that President Jimmy Carter faced too many limits from Congress on giving aid to friendly African nations.

Auto racing
Al Unser won the Indianapolis 500 for the third time. His earlier wins came in 1970 and 1971.

The results:
Finish Start No Name Qual Rank Laps Led Status
1 5 2 Al Unser 196.474 7 200 121 Running
2 1 1 Tom Sneva 202.156 1 200 3 Running
3 6 20 Gordon Johncock 195.833 8 199 0 Flagged
4 13 40 Steve Krisiloff 191.255 19 198 5 Flagged
5 7 6 Wally Dallenbach, Sr. 195.233 9 195 0 Flagged
6 19 48 Bobby Unser 194.658 10 195 0 Flagged
7 20 14 A.J. Foyt 200.122 2 191 0 Flagged
8 23 84 George Snider 192.626 16 191 0 Flagged
9 15 51 Janet Guthrie 190.325 22 190 0 Flagged
10 8 16 Johnny Parsons 194.280 12 186 0 Flagged
11 30 35 Larry Rice 187.392 31 186 0 Engine
12 33 7 Mario Andretti 194.647 11 185 0 Flagged
13 4 4 Johnny Rutherford 197.098 5 180 0 Flagged
14 28 88 Jerry Karl 187.549 29 176 0 Flagged
15 24 69 Joe Saldana 190.809 21 173 0 Flagged
16 31 98 Gary Bettenhausen 187.324 32 147 0 Engine
17 25 78 Mike Mosley 188.719 26 146 0 Turbocharger
18 2 25 Danny Ongais 200.122 3 145 71 Blown Engine
19 10 17 Dick Simon 192.967 15 138 0 Wheel Bearing
20 26 26 Jim McElreath 188.058 27 132 0 Engine
21 18 43 Tom Bigelow 189.115 25 107 0 Rod
22 9 80 Larry Dickson 193.434 13 104 0 Oil Pressure
23 3 71 Rick Mears 200.078 4 103 0 Engine
24 21 8 Pancho Carter 196.829 6 92 0 Header
25 11 11 Roger McCluskey 192.256 17 82 0 Clutch
26 17 39 John Mahler 189.723 24 58 0 1/2-time gear
27 14 22 Tom Bagley 190.941 20 25 0 Oil Leak
28 22 77 Salt Walther 193.226 14 24 0 Clutch
29 16 19 Spike Gehlhausen 190.325 23 23 0 Crash T2
30 29 47 Phil Threshie 187.520 30 22 0 Oil Pressure
31 32 30 Jerry Sneva 187.266 33 18 0 Transmission
32 12 24 Sheldon Kinser 192.051 18 15 0 Oil Pressure
33 27 29 Cliff Hucul 187.805 28 4 0 Oil Line

25 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Beat It--Michael Jackson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Words--F.R. David (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Candy Girl--New Edition

#1 single in the U.S.A.: (Billboard): Flashdance...What a Feeling--Irene Cara

Flashdance...What a Feeling was from the movie Flashdance (1983), and ended up winning that year's Academy Award as Best Original Song.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Beat It--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)
2 Let's Dance--David Bowie
3 Rio--Duran Duran
4 Time (Clock of the Heart)--Culture Club
5 She Blinded Me with Science--Thomas Dolby
6 Flashdance...What a Feeling--Irene Cara
7 Puttin' on the Ritz--Taco
8 Overkill--Men at Work
9 Jeopardy--Greg Kihn Band
10 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson

Singles entering the chart were Every Breath You Take by the Police (#44); Come Dancing by the Kinks (#45); and Our House by Madness (#47).

Diplomacy
A three-day summit of western democratic nations, hosted by U.S. President Ronald Reagan, began in Williamsburg, Virginia. The guest nations were Canada, Japan, Britain, West Germany, Italy, and France. Economic issues related to the worldwide recession dominated the talks.

Society
A majority of the board of directors of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) called for the resignation of Margaret Bush Wilson as chairman, and limited her authority.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in France (SNEP): N'importe quoi--Florent Pagny (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I'm Not Scared--Eighth Wonder (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): With a Little Help from My Friends/She's Leaving Home--Wet Wet Wet/Billy Bragg featuring Cara Tivey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: With a Little Help from My Friends/She's Leaving Home--Wet Wet Wet/Billy Bragg featuring Cara Tivey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One More Try--George Michael

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)
2 Beds are Burning--Midnight Oil
3 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger
4 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
5 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean
6 One More Try--George Michael
7 Together Forever--Rick Astley
8 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
9 Shattered Dreams--Johnny Hates Jazz
10 What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong

Singles entering the chart were The Flame by Cheap Trick (#71); Lost in You by Rod Stewart (#73); Foolish Beat by Debbie Gibson (#76); Black & Blue by Van Halen (#82); Send Me a Miracle by Paul Janz (#87); and New Sensation by INXS (#95).

Died on this date
Sy Oliver, 77
. U.S. musician, composer, and bandleader. Mr. Oliver was a trumpeter and arranger with the band of Jimmie Lunceford in the mid-1930s, and joined Tommy Dorsey's orchestra in 1939 as an arranger. He led his own band in later years. Mr. Oliver co-wrote the song T'ain't What You Do (It's the Way That You Do It).

Diplomacy
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet unanimously approved the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty.

10 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Phil Hartman, 49
. Canadian-born U.S. comic actor. A native of Brantford, Ontario, Mr. Hartman was a member of the cast of the NBC series Saturday Night Live from 1986-1994 (winning an Emmy Award in 1989 for writing), and provided the voices for a number of characters on The Simpsons from 1991-1998. At the time of his death, Mr. Hartman was a member of the cast of the NBC comedy series NewsRadio, and was posthumously nominated for an Emmy Award. He was shot to death while he slept by his wife Brynne, who shot herself shortly after notifying a friend of the murder.

World events
Pakistan conducted five underground nuclear tests, responding to India’s tests earlier in the month.

Protest
Students in Indonesia resumed demonstarions, opposing the government’s timetable for holding elections the following year.

May 27, 2008

120 years ago
1888

Baseball

Bill "Adonis" Terry of the Brooklyn Trolley-Dodgers hurled his second career no-hitter‚ beating the Kansas City Cowboys 4-0. Three men walked and two more reached on errors. Mr. Terry no-hit the St. Louis Browns on July 24‚ 1886.

80 years ago
1928

World events

A treaty of alliance between Turkey and Afghanistan was signed at Ankara.

Aviation
The Prince of Wales took to the air for the first time, flying from Scarborough, Yorkshire, where he had attended the opening session of the British Legion conference, to Bircham Newton, near Sandringham, a distance of about 120 miles, in order to dine with King George V and Queen Mary. The Prince wore flying kit, with a parachute attached to his shoulders. He was followed by an equerry in a second plane.

Crime
Near Salem, Oregon, the partly clothed body of 10-year-old Beatrice Rosenbaum, who disappeared from her home at Youngstown two weeks earlier, was found in a ravine on a farm.

Baseball
Veteran first baseman George Sisler cleared waivers and joined the Boston Braves. Mr. Sisler had been purchased by the Washington Nationals in December 1927 after 12 seasons with the St. Louis Browns, but had hit just .245 with the Nationals, almost 100 points below his lifetime average.

75 years ago
1933


Died on this date
James Loeb, 65
. U.S. banker and philanthropist. Mr. Loeb founded and endowed the Loeb Classical Library in 1912, and helped found part of the Juilliard School of Music.

Popular Culture
The Chicago World’s Fair, or Century of Progress Exposition, opened. The theme of the fair was a celebration of science and industry, but fan dancer Sally Rand turned out to be the main attraction.

Baseball
The Chicago White Sox tallied 3 in their half of the 8th inning to take an 11-3 lead against New York, only to see the Yankees storm back with 12 runs in the bottom half of the inning, with Bill Dickey's grand slam the big blow. The combined total of 15 runs was a new American League record for one inning. The final read 15-11 for the Yankees.

70 years ago
1938

Baseball

Detroit's Hank Greenberg hammered a Frank Gabler pitch into the centre field seats at Comiskey Park‚ becoming the first slugger to reach the bleachers there. The Tigers won 5-2‚ behind Vern Kennedy's 6-hitter.

60 years ago
1948

Baseball

Recently retired slugger Hank Greenberg bought an interest in the Cleveland club‚ becoming the Indians’ second-largest stockholder.

The New York Yankees pounded 14 hits to the Philadelphia Athletics’ 7‚ but came up short‚ 6-5; it was the first-place Athletics’ 7th straight win. A hit-and-run single in the 8th inning scored Sam Chapman all the way from first base. Phil Rizzuto of the Yankees and Hank Majeski of the Athletics hit home runs.

Bob Lemon kept the Indians a game in back of the Athletics by stopping the Chicago White Sox 4-0‚ on 4 hits. Mr. Lemon‚ who shut out Washington 4 days earlier‚ had not been scored on in 23 innings.

40 years ago
1968


Died on this date
Rip Collins, 72
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Collins played for 4 American League teams in 11 seasons from 1920-1931, winning 108 games and losing 82. He had 14-win seasons in 1920, 1922, and 1924. Mr. Collins went 11-5 with the New York Yankees when they won their first American League pennant in 1921, but gave up 4 hits and a base on balls in just 2/3 of an inning in his only World Series appearance.

War
North Vietnamese peace delegate Xuan Thuy pressed for a halt in U.S. bombing, while U.S. Ambassador-at-Large Averell Harriman rejected "the suggestion now urged by you that the only reason for our meetings is to give the hour and date for the cessation of bombing."

Disasters
The U.S. nuclear submarine Scorpion, with 99 men aboard, failed to show up on schedule at Norfolk, Virginia after a three-month training exercise with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean Sea.

Baseball
Montreal became the first city outside the United States to be awarded a major league franchise. The National League expansion team was to begin play in 1969, along with San Diego, also awarded a National League franchise.

30 years ago
1978

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): With a Little Luck--Wings (2nd week at #1)

World events
The Chinese government announced that it would be sending ships to rescue 70,000 Chinese residents from Vietnam, who had been expelled after nationalization of businesses in Vietnam.

Protest
At the first legal Zimbabwean African People’s Union (ZAPU) rally in years, a crowd of 50,000 roared its opposition to the biracial interim government of Rhodesia.

Disasters
At least three were killed when two days of heavy rains sent a 12-foot wall of water surging through a canyon in the Texas panhandle.

25 years ago
1983

World events

The Popular Liberation Forces, a Communist guerrilla group, claimed responsibility for the fatal shooting in San Salvador on May 25 of Lt. Cdr. Albert Schaufelberger, deputy commander of the U.S. Military Group. The administration of U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced that it would send at least 100 U.S. military advisers to Honduras to train Salvadoran soldiers in guerrilla warfare. U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz announced that Thomas Enders, assistant secretary of state for inter-American affairs, would be replaced by Langhorne Motley, the U.S. ambassador to Brazil.

20 years ago
1988

Defense

The United States Senate voted 93-5 to ratify the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan, on his way to Moscow for a summit with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, stopped in Helsinki, and asserted that the U.S.S.R. was falling short of its commitments when it signed the Helsinki accord on human rights in 1975.

10 years ago
1998

Economics and finance

The financial markets of Russia were near collapse, and the Russian government took drastic steps to preserve the value of currency and halt the exodus of foreign investors.

May 26, 2008

140 years ago
1868

Canadiana

The design of the Great Seal of Canada was approved by royal warrant.

Politics and government
After previously failing, by one vote, to convict President Andrew Johnson on the eleventh article of impeachment, the United States Senate failed by the same margin (35 to 19) to convict President Johnson on articles two and three. At this point the Senate voted to adjourn the impeachment trial without considering the remaining articles. When President Johnson received the news, he broke into tears. Ten of eleven articles concerned the Tenure and Army Appropriations Acts; the last article claimed that President Johnson had attempted to undermine the Congress.

Died on this date
Michael Barrett
. Irish nationalist. A Fenian, Mr. Barrett was convicted for his role in the bombing of Clerkenwell prison in December 1867. A bomb was placed in a wheelbarrow outside the prison in an attempt to blow a hole in the wall so that Fenian criminal Richard O’Sullivan-Burke could escape. The bomb was more powerful than expected, and 12 people from the neighbourhood were killed, and over 50 injured. Mr. Barrett was accused of laying the explosive charge in the wheelbarrow.

Mr. Barrett was executed outside the walls of Newgate Prison in what turned out to be the last public hanging in Britain. A crowd of 2,000 booed, cheered, and sang Rule Britannia and Champagne Charlie as the trap was sprung. Those were definitely the good old days.

125 years ago
1883

Died on this date
Abd al-Qadir, 74
. Algerian scholar and military leader. Mr. al-Qadir led a number of guerrilla revolts against French colonial rule in the 1830s and 1840s, but eventually had to surrender to superior force. After being exiled to France, Mr. al-Qadir was freed on condition that he not cause further trouble in Algeria. Eventually he made his way to Damascus, devoting himself to Islamic theology and philosophy. In 1860 Mr. al-Qadir saved the lives of large numbers of Christians who were under attack from Druze warriors in Damascus. The French government gave him the Grand Cross of the Légion d'honneur, and Abraham Lincoln sent him several guns in honour of his chivalry. Abd al-Qadir remains a national hero in Algeria.

120 years ago
1888

Baseball

With flawless fielding and 3 hits‚ Hardie Richardson of the Detroit Wolverines starred in a 9-8 win over the Chicago White Stockings. His last hit was a game-winning home run in the 9th inning.

100 years ago
1908

Oil

British drillers made the first major commercial oil discovery in the Middle East, at Masjid-i-Suleiman in Persia.

90 years ago
1918

Baseball

In a Sunday game at Griffith Stadium in Washington‚ the Nationals and Detroit Tigers finished off a 2-2 16-inning tie that opened their series on May 24. Walter Johnson won 4-0‚ allowing 4 hits in 9 innings and extending his scoreless inning streak to 40. The Big Train also had a single‚ triple and a walk in 3 plate appearances‚ to raise his average to .323.

80 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Joseph R. Reid
. U.S. air mail pilot. Mr. Reid, a reserve air mail pilot, was killed in a crash near Richmond, Virginia.

Diplomacy
Japan pledged the United States "most cordial cooperation" in the attempt to outlaw war as an instrument of national policy.

Education
In the United States, the 5th National Oratorical Contest was won at Washington, D.C. by 17-year-old high school student James R. Moore from Somerset, Connecticut. Second prize went to Elliott Norquist, 18, a high school student from Kansas City. 16-year-old Charles J. Olson, a high school student from Worcester, Massachusetts, took third prize.

Adventure
55 of the 274 who left Los Angeles March 4 on a foot race across the continent arrived at New York City. The winner was Andrew Payne of Oklahoma; John Salo of Passaic, New Jersey was second.

Soccer
The quadrennial World Cup soccer tournament came into being when Jules Rimet, president of FIFA, soccer's world congress and ruling body, persuaded it to organize a new competition, open to all member nations, beginning in 1930.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Athletics made it easy for New York by making 7 errors as the Yankees beat them 7-4.

75 years ago
1933

Died on this date
Jimmie Rodgers, 35
. U.S. musician and songwriter. "The Singing Brakeman" was the first country music star, and is often called "The Father of Country Music." He was also known as "The Blue Yodeler" for such songs as Blue Yodel and Blue Yodel No. 9. Other notable songs of his included Mississippi Delta Blues and Blue Yodel No. 8 (Mule Skinner Blues). Mr. Rodgers battled tuberculosis for years, and died just two days after making his last recordings.

Baseball
Philadelphia Phillies’ outfielder Chuck Klein hit for the cycle for the second time in his career‚ but the Phillies lost to the St. Louis Cardinals 5-4 in 14 innings.

50 years ago
1958

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: All I Have to Do is Dream--The Everly Brothers (3rd week at #1 on the Billboard Best Seller and Disc Jockey charts; 2nd week at #1 on the Top 100)

Baseball
Murry Dickson pitched brilliantly in relief for the Kansas City Athletics and clouted his third career home run in the 10th inning‚ a game-ending clout to beat the Baltimore Orioles 5-4. The veteran pitched 6 2/3 innings of shutout ball.

40 years ago
1968


Died on this date
William E "Little Willie" John, 30
. U.S. rhythm and blues singer. Mr. John was best known for recording the original version of Fever in 1956, which hit #24 on the Billboard pop chart. Other hits of his included Talk to Me, Talk to Me (#20, 1958) and Sleep (#13, 1960). He died in prison.

War
The 320th North Vietnamese Division crossed the Demilitarized Zone to attack the allies at Dongha, according to charges made by U.S. Ambassador-at-Large Averell Harriman at the Paris peace talks five days later.

Disasters
The Brazilian cargo ship Fernaodias sank 90 miles from Salvador, Brazil; three of 24 aboard were missing.

Baseball
The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox at Yankee Stadium, winning 5-1 behind Mel Stottlemyre and taking game 2‚ 7-6‚ with Bill Monboquette the winning pitcher. In the opener‚ Chicago pitcher Gary Peters batted sixth in the order, ahead of catcher Duane Josephson, shortstop Luis Aparicio, and second baseman Tim Cullen. Mr. Peters went 0-for-2, as the White Sox managed just 4 hits. Tom Tresh and Bobby Cox hit home runs for the Yankees.

After a Jack Aker pitch hit Detroit's Jim Northrup on the batting helmet‚ a 15-minute fight erupted in Oakland. Aker was injured in the brawl and left the game‚ but the Athletics beat the visiting Tigers 7-6 in 10 innings.

Don Drysdale tied a National League record with his fourth straight shutout as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the Houston Astros 5-0. It was Mr. Drysdale's 5th win of the year, all shutouts. He also drove in the first run of the game with a single.

30 years ago
1978

Politics and government

The elections board of the Dominican Republic declared official the results of the May 16 elections, which sent President Joaquin Balaguer down to defeat. Mr. Balaguer and the army, under pressure from the United States, promised to respect the results.

World events
It was disclosed that Egyptian President Anwar Sadat had called home 30 Egyptian journalists living abroad to face charges that they had been working "against the national objectives of the Egyptian people."

Diplomacy
At the United Nations General Assembly special session on disarmament, Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko responded to U.S. Vice President Walter Mondale, saying that the U.S.S.R. was prepared to discuss "substantial" nuclear arms reductions when the SALT II treaty was concluded.

Society
Legalized casino gambling began in Atlantic City, New Jersey, the U.S.A.’s first legal casino outside of Nevada.

Baseball
Silvio Martinez‚ making his last start for Springfield (American Association) before joining the St. Louis Cardinals‚ pitched a no-hitter to beat Omaha 4-0.

The Cardinals traded pitcher Eric Rasmussen to the San Diego Padres for outfielder George Hendrick. Mr. Hendrick went on to have 6 good years in St. Louis‚ hitting .300 three times and twice knocking in 100 runs.

At Fenway Park, Dwight Evans hit a pair of home runs and Jim Rice hit his 16th homer of the season to lead the Boston Red Sox to a 6-3 win over the Detroit Tigers. Bill Lee went all the way for his 7th win of the year‚ and his 91st as a Red Sox.

Tony Perez and Larry Parrish homered for Montreal and Dave Cash scored 5 runs as the Expos pummelled the Pittsburgh Pirates 15-1. The Expos collected 20 hits to make it easy for Rudy May to pick up the win.

25 years ago
1983

World events

U.S. President Ronald Reagan said that the previous day’s killing of Lt. Cdr. Albert Schaufelberger, deputy commander of the U.S. Military Group, would not deter the U.S. from supporting the Salvadoran government against leftist guerrillas.

Society
Margaret Bush Wilson, chairman of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), reversed her decision of six days earlier, and reinstated Benjamin Hooks as the NAACP’s executive director. The reversal was apparently made under pressure from other directors.

Disasters
An earthquake and tidal wave on the western coast of Honshu, in Japan, killed at least 81 people. The quake measured 7.7 on the Richter scale.

20 years ago
1988


War
The Sandanista government of Nicaragua and the Contra rebels began three days of meetings in Managua. The Contras proposed to lay down their arms if the Sandanistas would declare a general amnesty, remove the police and army from Sandanista control, establish an independent judiciary, guarantee free speech, permit non-governmental television channels, and help prepare for a constituent assembly.

Defense
A condition supported by United States Senate Majority Leader Robert Byrd (Democrat--West Virginia) was attached to the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty. The condition established a constitutional Senate authority over the treaty’s interpretation.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 3 @ Edmonton 6 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-0)
The Oilers defeated the Bruins at Northlands Coliseum to win their fourth Stanley Cup in the previous five years.

10 years ago
1998

Diplomacy

In London, Emperor Akihito of Japan spoke of his "deep sorrow and pain" over the suffering inflicted by his country during World War II, but did not apologize for the treatment of prisoners of war. The Emperor addressed a state banquet at Buckingham Palace attended by Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Philip, the Queen Mother Elizabeth, and 11 other senior royals. Earlier, former prisoners of war, angry over Japan’s refusal to offer a full apology and compensation for the suffering inflicted on them, had turned their backs on Emperor Akihito and whistled the wartime anthem Colonel Bogey as he rode with the Queen in a royal carriage down The Mall. Later, outside nearby Westminster Abbey where the emperor laid a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, around 500 protesters repeated their protest, turning their backs and humming Colonel Bogey again. As a non-political head of state, the Emperor lacked the authority to apologize on behalf of his country’s government.

May 25, 2008

150 years ago
1858

Born on this date
Tip O'Neill
. Canadian baseball player. Mr. O’Neill, a native of Woodstock, Ontario, played for four major league teams in three leagues from 1883-1892, batting .326 in 1,054 career games. His best season was 1887 with the St. Louis Browns of the American Association, when he led the league in batting (.435); slugging (.691); hits (225); runs (167); doubles (52); and tied with five others for the lead in triples (19). The Browns won four straight AA pennants from 1885-1888 with Mr. O’Neill as their left fielder. As a pitcher, he had a career record of 16 wins and 16 losses. Tip O’Neill died in Montreal on December 31, 1915.

80 years ago
1928


Died on this date
H.C. Doyle, 35
. U.S. aviator and radio manufacturer. Mr. Doyle was killed in a plane crash near Mineola, New York.

Aviation
The Italian dirigible Italia, on its way back to Kings Bay, Spitzbergen, Norway from a visit to the North Pole, fell 1,500 feet in fog and crashed on an ice pack which tore away and crushed the cabin, killing the chief mechanic, Pommela, and injuring the engineer, Ceccioni, meteorologist Malmgren, and commander Gen. Umberto Nobile. The balloon then reascended, carrying away six men, who were never heard from again. Mr. Malmgren died from exposure.

Capt. Emilio Carranza flew from San Diego, California to Mexico City.

Law
The United States House of Representatives passed the bill to build Boulder Dam.

The House sustained President Calvin Coolidge’s veto of the bill providing for post roads through Indian lands in 11 states.

Scandal
Graft disclosures in the New York City Street Cleaning Department led mayor J.J. Walker to summon all department and bureau heads to City Hall and tell them to root out grafters or quit.

It was reported that the United States had collected over $2 million to date in back revenue taxes revealed by Teapot Dome and Continental Trading testimony.

Disasters
Eight died in a gas explosion in a hard coal mine in North Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

50 years ago
1958

On television tonight

Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Crocodile Case, starring Pat Hitchcock, Hazel Court, and Denholm Elliott.

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Young Girl--The Union Gap
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Tighten Up--Archie Bell and the Drells (2nd week at #1)

Protest
Three days of clashes between students and police in France concluded.

30 years ago
1978

World events

12 leftist politicians in Peru, who had called for a general strike after elections were postponed, were expelled to Argentina. Other leftist leaders went underground to avoid arrest.

French paratroopers began to withdraw from the Zairian town of Kolwezi, five days after completing the rescue of 2,500 Europeans who had been trapped there when fighting broke out between government troops and secessionist rebels. The French left only a token force in place.

Diplomacy
French President Valery Giscard d’Estaing hinted to the United Nations General Assembly that France might not join the Geneva disarmament talks if those talks were not controlled by the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R.

U.S. National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski returned to Washington from a 5-day tour of China, Japan, and South Korea. In South Korea that day, his visit did not calm Korean fears of U.S. troop withdrawals, despite his assurances of continued U.S. support.

War
Iraq was reported to have threatened to break diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union if the Soviets helped the Ethiopians against the Eritreans, who were being supported by Iraq in their attempt to secede from Ethiopia. It was also reported that Cuban dictator Fidel Castro was reluctant to commit Cuban troops to fight in Eritrea.

Scandal
Sanjay Gandhi, son of former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, was ordered to face trial for refusing to testify before the commission of inquiry investigating acts committed by him and his mother during Mrs. Gandhi’s emergency rule government in 1975.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 4 @ Boston 1 (Montreal won bst-of-seven series 4-2)

Mario Tremblay scored the Cup-winning goal at 9:20 of the first period as the Canadiens beat the Bruins at Boston garden to win the Stanley Cup for the third straight year.

25 years ago
1983

Diplomacy

The United States Senate approved former Senator Richard Stone as the Reagan administration’s special envoy to Central America. That evening, Lt. Cdr. Albert Schaufelberger, deputy commander of the U.S. Military Group, became the first U.S. military adviser to die in El Salvador when he was shot and killed by gunmen who fired into his car while it was parked outside the University of Central America in San Salvador. The United States and El Salvador both began investigations.

Defense
The United States Senate voted 59-39 to free $625 million for development of the MX missile.

Disasters
A steamboat on the Nile River, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, caught fire when a cooking gas cylinder exploded. 200 or more died.

Baseball
In a 6-0 loss to the Atlanta Braves‚ Pittsburgh Pirates’ pitchers Jim Bibby and Jim Winn combined to walk 7 consecutive batters in the 3rd inning‚ tying the major league record set by the Washington Nationals’ Dolly Gray in 1909.

20 years ago
1988

On television tonight

The last episode of St. Elsewhere was broadcast on NBC.

Diplomacy
Panamanian dictator Gen. Manuel Noriega rejected an American proposal to drop indictments against him in the United States on drug charges if he would leave Panama. U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz was the chief advocate of dropping the indictments, arguing that the indictments were less important than getting Gen. Noriega out of Panama. The proposal drew criticism from ousted Panamanian President Eric Delvalle, as well as from people within the U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan.

Sunday, 25 May 2008

May 24, 2008

150 years ago
1858

Born on this date
Sam Barkley
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Barkley, an infielder, played for 5 teams in 6 seasons in the American Association from 1884-1889. His best season was his first, when he led the Toledo Blue Stockings with a .306 batting percentage. His career average was .258 in 582 games.

110 years ago
1898

Baseball

The highest run total of the season was scored in a 15-13 Baltimore Oriole defeat of the Chicago Orphans in Chicago. The pitchers yielded 36 hits‚ 10 walks‚ 2 wild pitches‚ and 3 hit batsmen.
Pitcher Clark Griffith of Chicago‚ ejected from the Baltimore game‚ spewed obscene language at umpire Tom Lynch‚ who threatened him with the Board of Discipline. Sporting Life noted "the only witness appears to be catcher [Frank] Bowerman of Baltimore‚ who is hardly likely to testify against Griffith."

90 years ago
1918

Baseball

Stan Coveleski of the Cleveland Indians pitched a 19-inning complete game to defeat the New York Yankees 3-2. Former pitcher, now outfielder Smokey Joe Wood hit a home run, his second of the game, for the win.

Died on this date
Ralph Sharman, 23
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Sharman, an outfielder, hit .297 in 13 games with the Philadelphia Athletics in September 1917. He was on an outing while training in the U.S. Army when he drowned while swimming in the Alabama River.

80 years ago
1928

Aviation

The Italian dirigible Italia reached the North Pole at 12:20 A.M., cruised around there for an hour, and started back for Spitzbergen, Norway. At the Pole, Gen. Umberto Nobile, the airship’s commander, dropped Italian and Milanese flags, as well as a cross blessed by Pope Pius XI. He then sent radiograms to Italian King Victor Emmanuel III, to Premier Benito Mussolini, and to Mrs. Nobile. The cross, which was six feet high with a metal base, had a repository in which was placed a message written in Latin by Pope Pius.

Business
The Consolidation Coal Company, controlled by John D. Rockefeller, Jr., announced that it was shutting down 10 mines, four in the Comerset coal fields of Pennsylvania, and six in the Fairmont field in West Virginia. Chairman R.C. Hill said, "About 2,500, or 20%, of the men in the two fields affected are being put out of work. But this means that for the remaining 80%, far better conditions will exist." Other soft coal mines were to follow suit. Labour officials were quoted in favour of the plan.

Music
At the Canadian Folk Song and Handicraft Festival in Quebec City, singers presented "Le jeu de Robin et Marion," a 13th Century comic opera written by the Trouvere Adam de la Halle. The opera, probably the first ever written, had been produced only once before in 300 years (at Arras, France in 1896).

Disasters
Lightning killed eight women planting trees in a forest near Landsberg, Germany.

Baseball
In the first game of a doubleheader at Shibe Park in Philadelphia, a record 12 future Hall of Famers played in the New York Yankees’ 9-7 victory over the Athletics. This number does not include non-playing Hall of Famers Herb Pennock and Stan Coveleski, managers Miller Huggins and Connie Mack, nor umpire Tom Connolly.

75 years ago
1933


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Singular Affair of the Aluminum Crutch

Baseball
Tommy Bridges of the Detroit Tigers tossed a one-hitter in topping the Washington Nationals 3-1. Joe Kuhel's home run was the only Washington safety. It was the first time in American League history that a pitcher had allowed a home run in a one-hitter.

50 years ago
1958

Baseball

The Detroit Tigers snapped a nine-game losing streak and broke the New York Yankees' 10-game winning streak with a 3-2 win behind Frank Lary. Lary improved his career record to 11-4 against the Bronx Bombers.

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

Edmonton’s top 10
1 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
2 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
3 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
4 Delilah--Tom Jones
5 I Wanna Live--Glen Campbell
6 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
7 Love is All Around--The Troggs
8 Me, the Peaceful Heart--Lulu
9 The Unknown Soldier--The Doors
10 Mony, Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
Pick Hit of the Week: Hey Girl / My Girl--Bobby Vee
New this week: MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
Here Comes the Judge--Shorty Long
Stoned Soul Picnic--The Fifth Dimension
Lydia Purple--The Collectors

The Collectors were from Vancouver, British Columbia. They achieved their greatest success after changing their name to Chilliwack in 1970.

World events
French President Charles de Gaulle delivered a national radio address, appealing for a return to law and order. He announced that he would submit a program of broad reform to the people through a referendum in June, and added that he would resign if his "mandate for renewal" should be turned down. Meanwhile, farmers in southwest France staged a protest, demanding price supports and subsidies. Banks closed and tax collectors walked off the job. More than half of France’s 19 million workers were on strike.

Disasters
14 were drowned when a ferry sank in the Yellow Sea off Kunsan, South Korea.

30 years ago
1978

World events

A week after a French-Palestinian clash, Palestinian Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat agreed to keep guerrillas out of southern Lebanon.

The Chinese government accused the government of Vietnam of abusing and expelling 70,000 Chinese residents.

Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev concluded his two-day visit to Japan.

United States Vice President Walter Mondale addressed the United Nations General Assembly session on disarmament, criticizing the U.S.S.R. for its deployments in Europe and the Indian Ocean. Many diplomats felt that President Jimmy Carter’s absence showed that the U.S.A. gave priority to direct arms talks with the Soviet Union over disarmament talks in a U.N. context.

Princess Margaret of Britain and he husband of 18 years, the Earl of Snowden, were divorced in London. The uncontested divorce was granted on grounds that "the marriage was irretrievably broken down."

Crime
A Los Angeles jury acquitted two American Indian activists charged with the robbery and murder of a taxi driver in 1974. The trial and pre-trial hearings had lasted 3 ½ years and cost $1.25 million. Leaders of the American Indian Movement had claimed that Paul Skyhorse and Richard Mohawk were being prosecuted because of their political activities.

Baseball
In a Florida State League game‚ the Tampa Tarpons pushed 18 runs across the plate in the 4th inning of a 20-2 win over Daytona Beach. The bizarre frame‚ which lasted over an hour‚ featured 9 hits‚ 6 walks‚ 3 errors‚ 3 wild pitches‚ 2 passed balls‚ and an obstruction call. Fifteen runs scored before the inning's first out was recorded.

25 years ago
1983

Health

Edward Brandt, Jr., an assistant secretary of Health and Human Services, announced that the United States government had assigned the "No. 1 priority" to finding the cause of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Some 1,500 cases of the disease had been reported within the past three years at an increasing rate. Mr. Brandt said that the department’s investigation had found that AIDS was spread "almost entirely through sexual contact, through the sharing of needles by drug abusers, and less commonly, through blood and/or blood products."

Most of the victims of AIDS, which has a high mortality rate, had been homosexual or bisexual males. Intravenous drug users, Haitian immigrants, and people suffering from hemophilia had also contracted the disease. Mr. Brandt announced that grants had been made for the search for an effective treatment and for means of prevention. The government’s action came after alarm was reported not only among the affected groups, but also among the general population as fears grew that AIDS might spread.

World events
South Africa claimed that bombs dropped by her fighter planes on alleged "terrorist camps" in Mozambique the day before had killed 64 people, mostly guerrillas.

Defense
The United States House of Representatives voted 239-186 to free $625 million for development of the MX missile.

Law
The United States Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that the Internal Revenue Service could deny tax exemptions to private schools that practiced racial discrimination. Although the tax code provided exemptions for non-profit "religious, charitable or educational" institutions, the IRS had begun to make exceptions for institutions that diverged from public policy on racial equality. The IRS was then challenged by Bob Jones University in Greenville, South Carolina, and Goldsboro (North Carolina) Christian Schools. Both embraced religious views and had barred blacks from admission, although the university had relaxed its admissions policy in 1971.

The Supreme Court decision upheld a 1981 appeals court decision. Writing for the majority, Chief Justice Warren Burger asserted that "racial discrimination in education violates deeply and widely held accepted views of elementary justice." He noted that the Court and Congress had on many occasions affirmed its opposition to racial segregation and discrimination in education, and rejected arguments by the schools that the IRS had exceeded its authority and that the First Amendment protected the right of schools to freely practice their religion. Civil rights groups praised the court’s ruling, but Bob Jones III, president of the university, deplored "the death of religious freedom." The court’s decision does seem suspicious in light of the fact that the discriminatory practice indulged in by BJU which prompted the loss of tax-exempt status was a ban on interracial dating, which, as far as I can tell, has nothing to do with education. In recent years BJU has lifted the ban on interracial dating. However, if the ban was motivated in the first place by BJU’s reading of scripture, what right did they have to change the policy? The fact that they changed the policy as a result of criticism from the world just shows that BJU’s behaviour wasn’t motivated by obedience to God, but by racial and cultural prejudice.

20 years ago
1988

Hockey

In the fourth game of the Stanley Cup finals at the Boston Garden, the Boston Bruins and Edmonton Oilers were tied 3-3 when a power failure occurred at 16:33 of the second period, as the teams were lining up for a faceoff. Power was not restored, and everyone went home. The National Hockey League ruled that game 4 was to be replayed in its entirety in Edmonton, with the Oilers leading the series 3 games to 0. All statistics from the aborted 4th game counted.

Politics
In the contest for the U.S. presidential nominations, Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis won the Democratic primary in Idaho.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan nominated two men to fill key vacancies in the justice department.

President Reagan vetoed the trade bill and asked Congress to pass a new bill. His chief objection was to a provision requiring that workers get 60 days’ notice of layoffs or plant closings as the "humane thing to do." The House of Representatives voted 308-113 to override the veto. Republican Senator John Danforth of Missouri said that the veto would not be helpful to the Republican Party.

10 years ago
1998

Baseball

The San Francisco Giants scored 3 runs in the 17th inning to take a 9-6 decision from the St. Louis Cardinals at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Centre fielder Willie McGee got 4 hits for St. Louis, and Cardinals’ first baseman Mark McGwire hit his 24th home run of the season.

Auto racing
Eddie Cheever won the Indianapolis 500 in a time of 3:26:40.524, with an average speed of 145.155 miles per hour. Buddy Lazier, the 1996 winner, finished second. It was a beautiful, sunny day at the speedway.

May 23, 2008

510 years ago
1498

Died on this date
Girolamo Savonarola, 45
. Italian cleric and politician. Mr. Savonarola, the ruler of Florence from 1494-1498, was known for his criticism of the immorality and corruption of the Roman Catholic clergy (including Pope Alexander VI), although he was a devout Catholic himself. He was also famous for burning books, and destruction of what he regarded as immoral art. The most notorious of these public events, in 1497, became known as the Bonfire of the Vanities. Mr. Savonarola was publicly hanged, just over a year after being excommunicated by Pope Alexander VI.

225 years ago
1783

Died on this date
James Otis, Jr., 58
. U.S. lawyer and patriot. Mr. Otis was a lawyer in colonial Massachusetts who was an early advocate of the political views that led to the American Revolution. The phrase "Taxation without representation is tyranny" is usually attributed to him.

140 years ago
1868

Baseball

In a battle of the top two Cincinnati teams‚ the Red Stockings cut down the Buckeyes 28-10. Asa Brainard‚ from the Excelsior Club‚ made his first appearance with the Red Stockings, as a number of players had changed teams that year. Those who did so while having a valid contract with their original team were called "revolvers."

110 years ago
1898

Baseball

The Eastern League‚ struggling to stay alive‚ cut all rosters to 15 players.

90 years ago
1918

Baseball

The New York Giants defeated the Cardinals 6-4 at League Park in St. Louis‚ no thanks to outfielder Benny Kauff, who tied a major league record by striking out 5 times.

80 years ago
1928

Aviation

The Italian dirigible Italia, commanded by General Umberto Nobile, left Kings Bay, Spitzbergen, Norway, at 4:35 A.M., bound for the North Pole.

Law
U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signed the Jones-White Merchant Marine bill that provided for a $250,000 ship construction loan fund to encourage private shipping, and also for liberal long-term mail contracts.

President Coolidge vetoed the McNary-Haugen Farm Relief bill, calling it unworkable, with vicious provisions, and written to deceive the farmers for political purposes. Attorney General John Sargent had pronounced it unconstitutional.

Crime
Robbers in Lamar, Colorado killed A.N. Parrish, president of a bank, and stole $20,000. They kidnapped teller E.A. Kessinger and Dr. W.W. Wineinger of Dighton. The robbers killed mr. Kessinger near Oakley, Kansas.

A bomb was exploded at the Italian consulate at Buenos Aires, killing 6 and injuring 34.

A bomb blew up a cloakroom in the Chamber of Deputies in Mexico City, with no casualties.

Baseball
Jack Slattery quit as manager of the last place Boston Braves. Owner William Fuchs announced that "after much persuasion," second baseman Rogers Hornsby had consented to take over as manager.

Cleveland Indians’ left fielder Charlie Jamieson started a triple play against the Chicago White Sox in a 4-3 loss. Today's triple play occurred when Bud Clancy was out on a short fly to Mr. Jamieson‚ who then threw out Johnny Mann‚ the runner on third who tried to score. The relay from catcher Ray Sewell to his brother Joe at second caught Ray Schalk off base‚ and he was tagged at third base. Mr. Jamieson started another triple play against the New York Yankees on June 9.

70 years ago
1938

Died on this date
Philip Kleintjes, 70
. Dutch politician. Mr. Kleintjes, a republican, was known as the "people’s rights" leader in the Netherlands.

60 years ago
1948

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes on MBS, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley
Tonight’s episode: The Case of the Accommodating Valise

Baseball
The New York Yankees and Cleveland Indians played a doubleheader in Cleveland before a Municipal Stadium record crowd of 78,431. Joe DiMaggio was the star of the first game. After singling in his first at bat, Joltin’ Joe followed with a 2-run home run in the 4th inning, a 3-run homer in the 6th (both off Indians’ starting pitcher Bob Feller), and a solo home run in the 8th (off relief pitcher Bob Muncrief). Joe Page preserved a 6-5 win for the Yankees by striking out the last two Cleveland batters on six pitches after the Indians loaded the bases in the 9th inning. Allie Reynolds won his sixth game of the season for the Yankees; for Mr. Feller, it was his third loss. The Yankees overcame a 4-run deficit for the win. The Indians easily won the second game 5-1, as Mr. DiMaggio went hitless.

50 years ago
1958

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Who’s Sorry Now--Connie Francis (2nd week at #1)

Basketball
Wilt Chamberlain, the all-America centre from the University of Kansas, announced that he was giving up his senior year of eligibility to turn pro as a member of the Harlem Globetrotters.

40 years ago
1968

Protest

New clashes began between police and students in France.

Politics and government
A bipartisan ad hoc committee of U.S. Congressmen was formed to help people associated with the "poor people’s march" in Washington to present their demands. U.S. Agriculture Secretary Orville Freeman promised Rev. Ralph Abernathy, leader of the march, that he would enlarge his department’s food distribution program.

30 years ago
1978

Law

The Supreme Court of the United States ruled 8-1 that judges and juries should not consider the possible reactions of children when deciding whether material was obscene in terms of "contemporary community standards."

A city ordinance prohibiting discrimination in housing, employment, and public accommodation on the basis of sexual or affectional preference was repealed in a referendum in Eugene, Oregon.

Protest
Two days of clashes between police and protesters in 28 cities in Peru concluded with the reported deaths of 20 people.

Diplomacy
A special five-week United Nations General Assembly session on disarmament opened.

The annual Franco-African summit in Paris concluded with the endorsement by African leaders, including Zaire’s Mobutu Sese Seko, of the rescue of Europeans from the Zairian town of Kolwezi by French and Belgian troops several days earlier.

Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev began a two-day visit to Japan. He briefed Japanese officials on his talks in Peking (Beijing) several days earlier, and told Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda that China was interested in resuming peace treaty talks, suspended since 1975, with Japan.

Politics and government
U.S. President Jimmy Carter reiterated his complaints about the constraints that Congress had placed on aid to friendly African nations. Speaking to a group of senators, he explained that because of the limits, the United States was not able to assist pro-western guerrillas fighting the 20,000 Cubans stationed in Angola.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 1 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)
The pathetic refereeing of Dave Newell was a major factor in the Canadiens’ win at the Montreal Forum.

Baseball
With the Oakland A’s leading the American League West Division (24-15)‚ manager Bobby Winkles resigned, and was replaced by Jack McKeon.

The American League approved the transfer of the Boston Red Sox to a group headed by Jean Yawkey‚ Buddy LeRoux‚ and Haywood Sullivan. The purchase price was $15 million. Mr. Sullivan had a 7-year catching career for the Red Sox and Royals‚ while Mr. LeRoux was the Boston trainer for 8 years.

25 years ago
1983

World events

Members of the Palestinian Liberation Organization who were opposed to the leadership of Yasser Arafat vowed to "step up the armed struggle against the Zionist enemy." The rebels had organized themselves in Damascus after their leader, Col. Abu Masa, and four other officers, had been dismissed from their positions two days earlier. Mr. Arafat blamed the rebellion on Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi.

Terrorism
The African National Congress claimed responsibility for the car bomb in Pretoria three days earlier that killed 18 and injured 200 outside the headquarters of the South African air force. In retaliation, South African fighter planes bombed alleged "terrorist camps" in Matola, a suburb of Maputo, the capital of Mozambique. Mozambique reported that 2 women and 2 children were among 6 people killed.

Weather
Six days of tornadoes, storms, floods, and hail finished hitting the southern United States, especially the Gulf Coast. 32 people died and 11,000 were forced from their homes. One million acres of farmland were covered by water. 59 tornadoes were counted from May 18-23. Houston was one of the hardest hit areas.

20 years ago
1988

Law

The White House announced that boats would no longer be seized outside United States territorial waters just because small quantities of drugs were found on board.

Baseball
Atlanta Braves’ manager Chuck Tanner was fired and replaced by Russ Nixon. The Braves were 12-27 under Mr. Tanner‚ last in the National League West Division.

Danny Tartabull of the Kansas City Royals, who had hit an inside-the-park home run against Bert Blyleven the previous October‚ did it again at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. However, the Minnesota Twins defeated the Royals 7-5.

Saturday, 24 May 2008

May 22, 2008

140 years ago
1868

Died on this date
Julius Plucker, 66
. German mathematician/physicist. Dr. Plucker made fundamental contributions to the field of analytical geometry and was a pioneer in the investigations of cathode rays (eventually leading to the discovery of the electron), and also vastly extended the study of Lamé curves.

130 years ago
1878

Died on this date
Franz von Holstein, 52
. German composer.

110 years ago
1898


Died on this date
Edward Bellamy, 48
. American writer. Mr. Bellamy, a socialist, was best known for his novel Looking Backward: 2000-1887. In the novel, the main character awakens from a hypnotic trance in 2000 to find himself in a socialist utopia. Since he slept through the process, he has to be told what had happened by the other characters. This doesn’t exactly make for exciting reading, but the book created a sensation when it was published in 1888, and over 160 "Nationalist Clubs" were created to discuss and promote Mr. Bellamy’s ideas. A sequel, Equality, was published in 1897. Mr. Bellamy died of tuberculosis.

Baseball
A 9th inning scratch single by Brooklyn Superbas’ batter Fielder Jones broke up a no-hit effort by Chick Fraser of the Louisville Colonels, who won 3-0.

80 years ago
1928


Died on this date
E.J. Morrissey
. U.S. air mail pilot. Mr. Morrissey was killed in a plane crash in fog at Richmond, Virginia.

Abominations
The British House of Lords passed the bill giving women the right to vote after reaching the age of 21.

Politics and government
The U.S. Senate Campaign Fund Committee was informed that the Anti-Hoover contest in Ohio cost over $50,000.

World events
At Bergen, Norway, King Haakon VII entertained the polar flyers Captain Sir George Herbert Wilkins and Lieutenant Carl Ben Eielson.

Disasters
34 children drowned when a launch capsized on the River Kuban in Russia, and 19 children died when a steamer burned on the River Dnieper.

Seven men died in an explosion in a coal mine at Kenvin, Kentucky. Four died in a cave-in in a copper mine at Kimberly, Nevada; and 17 died in a coal mine explosion at Yukon, West Virginia.

Baseball
Chicago White Sox centre fielder Johnny Mostil handled 12 chances against the Cleveland Indians, equalling Happy Felsch's American League record, also made against Cleveland as the White Sox won 4-3. Mr. Mostil also legged it home from second base with the winning run on a wild pitch by George Uhle. Sam Langford had a home run and two doubles for Cleveland.

75 years ago
1933

Baseball

Joe Sewell of the New York Yankees struck out for the first time this season, a 3-0 win behind Lefty Gomez over the Cleveland Indians. Mr. Sewell struck out only three more times in 524 at bats that year.

70 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Harry Lumley, 57
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Lumley was an outfielder with the Brooklyn Superbas from 1904-1910. Mr. Lumley had an outstanding rookie season; he led the National League in triples and home runs, was in the top ten in doubles, and his .279 batting average was highest on the Brooklyn team, which hit .232. He was second in the league in runs batted in, and his runs scored were highest on his team. 1906 was Mr. Lumley’s best year, as his .324 average was nearly 100 points higher than the team average. It was third in the league, and his slugging average was tops in the league. He was second in the league in homers, third in the league in triples, and his 35 stolen bases were in the top ten in the league. Leg injuries slowed him down after that, and shortened his career. Mr. Lumley ran a cafe until 1937.

Baseball
Chicago White Sox pitcher Ted Lyons recorded his 200th career major league win, beating the Washington Nationals 9-2.

The Brooklyn Dodgers announced contracts to install lights at Ebbets Field. The first night game was scheduled for June 15th.

60 years ago
1948

Died on this date
Claude McKaye, 57
. Jamaican-born U.S. author (Banjo; Home to Harlem).

50 years ago
1958

Baseball

Ted Williams hit his 16th career grand slam to provide the Boston Red Sox with the winning margin in an 8-5 decision over the Kansas City Athletics. Mr. Williams’ 4th inning blast, off Jack Urban, tied him with Babe Ruth for second place on the career grand slam list.

40 years ago
1968

Society

200 Negro youth gang members from Chicago and Detroit were sent home from the "poor people’s march" in Washington, D.C. for "beating whites."

Crime
H. Rap Brown, chairman of the Student Nonviolent Co-ordinating Committee (SNCC), was convicted in New Orleans Federal Court for violating the Federal Firearms Act, and sentenced to 5 years in prison and fined $2,000. A jury of 9 whites and 3 Negroes found him guilty of carrying a .30 calibre carbine on a plane trip from New Orleans to New York on August 18, 1967. Mr. Brown was released o $15,000 bond.

Politics and government
The French government of Prime Minister Georges Pompidou survived a parliamentary effort to overthrow it with 11 votes to spare after a censure motion was introduced by Francois Mitterand, leader of the Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left.

Disasters
A chartered helicopter on its way from Disneyland to Los Angeles crashed in Paramount, California, killing 23.

Seven schoolchildren and a teacher drowned when their canoe capsized in the Tamaya River near Pucallpa, Peru.

Baseball
Don Drysdale of the Los Angeles Dodgers pitched his third straight shutout, 2-0 over the St. Louis Cardinals.

At Wrigley Field, Pittsburgh Pirates' slugger Willie Stargell hit three home runs and just missed a fourth in a 13-6 rout over the Cubs. He also hit a single, and a double which bounced off the railing on the left field fence back onto the playing field.

30 years ago
1978


Died on this date
Bjarne Brustad, 83
. Norwegian violinist and composer.

Protest
Clashes between police and demonstrators began in 28 cities in Peru.

World events
The Soviet Union condemned the rescue of 2,500 Europeans from the Zairian town of Kolwezi by French and Belgian troops two days earlier. The Europeans were trapped as a result of fighting between Zairian troops and secessionist rebels.

Diplomacy
Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev concluded his three-day visit to China.

Religion
The United Presbyterian Church voted against the ordination of practicing homosexuals, in spite of the recommendation in favour of ordination by a 19-member church task force that had spent 15 months studying the question.

20 years ago
1988


Died on this date
Giorgio Almirante, 74
. Italian politician. A cabinet minister in the Fascist government of Benito Mussolini, Mr. Almirante was a cabinet minister in the government of the Italian Social Republic, the Nazi-supported administration in northern Italy after the fall of Mr. Mussolini. Mr. Almirante was one of the founders of (in 1946), and the most important figure in the Italian Social Movement (MSI). Mr. Almirante was elected to parliament in 1948, and remained in the chamber until his death.

Politics and government
Janos Kadar, who had ruled Hungary since 1956, was removed from power. Mr. Kadar, general secretary of the Socialist Workers (Communist) Party, lost his position during the party’s first national conference in three decades. Mr. Kadar and seven allies lost their seats on the Politburo, delegates also replaced about 40% of the Central Committee. Mr. Kadar was succeeded by Karoly Grosz, an apparatchik who had served as Premier since 1987.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Edmonton 6 @ Boston 3 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-0)

10 years ago
1998


World events
Irish voters overwhelmingly approved a peace accord to end sectarian strife. Those in Northern Ireland voted 71% in favour, indicating the approval of a majority of Protestants; 94% of voters in the Republic of Ireland approved the agreement.

Scandal
In a victory for independent counsel Kenneth Starr, a U.S. judge ruled that Secret Service agents could be forced to testify about President Bill Clinton’s relationship with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

Politics and government
98 Republicans in the United States House of Representatives joined Democrats to block a conservative move to reform welfare law.

Baseball
The New York Mets acquired catcher Mike Piazza from the Florida Marlins in exchange for outfielder Preston Wilson, pitcher Ed Yarnall, and a player to be named later. Mr. Piazza spent a week with Florida after being traded from the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Died on this date
Fred Hatfield, 73. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Hatfield, an infielder, played for five major league teams in nine seasons from 1950-1958. He hit .242 for his career, with 25 home runs. His main "contribution" as a player was taunting Jimmy Piersall with "nuthouse" insults from the dugout when the formerly-institutionalized Mr. Piersall came to bat. After his playing career, Mr. Hatfield spent a number of years as a manager in the minor leagues, sandwiched around five years as head coach at Florida State University (1964-1968). He managed the AA Montgomery Rebels to the Southern League championship in 1973.

John Derek, 71. U.S. actor. Mr. Derek was known for his roles in Knock on Any Door (1949); All the King’s Men (1949); and Saturday’s Hero (1951). He was better known for his succession of wives, who included Ursula Andress, Linda Evans, and finally, Bo Derek.

Thursday, 22 May 2008

May 21, 2008

130 years ago
1878

Baseball

Ed "The Only" Nolan of the Indianapolis Hoosiers set the Milwaukee Cream Citys down with just 2 hits‚ but he barely won the game 6-5 because of 11 errors and passed balls by his team.

100 years ago
1908

Baseball

Bill Burns of the Washington Nationals had a no-hitter broken up with 2 outs in the 9th inning. "Sleepy Bill" became a figure in the fix of the 1919 World Series.

Pitching for Kansas City in the Western Association, Smoky Joe Wood hurled a 1-0 no-hitter against Milwaukee.

90 years ago
1918

Abominations

The United States House of Representatives passed an amendment allowing women to vote.

80 years ago
1928

Religion

The Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference at Kansas City went on record against compulsory military training in colleges, and against all military training in high schools. Later, it voted to recognize divorces granted by the state, to receive divorced persons into the Church, and to trust the decision of their ministers on eligibility of divorced persons to be remarried.

The Discipline was amended to read: "A minister shall not solemnize a marriage of a divorced person whose husband or wife is still living, except for the innocent person, when it is clearly established in his own mind that the true cause of divorce is adultery, or its moral equivalent."

World events
The Turkish parliament passed a law, effective June 1, 1929, to complete the adoption of Arabic numerals, already in use on postage stamps.

Died on this date
Hideyo Noguchi, 50
. Japanese scientist. Professor Noguchi, a bacteriologist with the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, died in Accra, Gold Coast from yellow fever which he contracted during a laboratory experiment. Prof. Noguchi had arrived in Accra in November to investigate the disease.

70 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Silver King, 70
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. King played for 7 major league teams in 10 seasons from 1886 to 1897, winning 207 games and losing 152. His best season was 1888, when he won 45 and lost 21 with the pennant-winning St. Louis Browns of the American Association, leading the league in games (66), innings pitched (585), wins, and earned run average (1.64). With the Chicago Pirates of the Players’ League in 1890, he tied for the league lead in wins (32), and led outright in ERA (2.69) and shutouts (4).

Horse racing
Dauber, with M. Peters aboard, won the 63rd running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:59 4/5. Cravat placed second.

Baseball
The New York Yankees gave little support to pitcher Spud Chandler, but he hit a home run in the 8th inning to gain a 1-0 victory over Thornton Lee and the Chicago White Sox.

60 years ago
1948

Baseball

Third baseman Frankie Gustine batted 5-for-5 to lead the Pittsburgh Pirates to an 8-4 win over the Brooklyn Dodgers.

The Chicago Cubs beat the New York Giants 8-3 at the Polo Grounds. New York rookie Les Layton‚ in his first major league at bat‚ hit a pinch homer in the 9th inning off Johnny Schmitz. Mr. Layton hit just one more career home run.

50 years ago
1958

World events

Indonesian paratroopers reconquered Morotai Island.

Defense
The United States performed an atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island.

Baseball
Willie Mays belted a 10th-inning home run off Hal Jeffcoat to give the San Francisco Giants a 5-4 win over the Reds at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

40 years ago
1968


Died on this date
Doris Lloyd, 71
. U.K.-born U.S. actress. Miss Lloyd appeared in many radio and television shows (including a number of episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents and The Alfred Hitchcock Hour), and more than 150 movies from 1920 to 1967. Her movies included Waterloo Bridge (1931); Tarzan the Ape Man (1932); A Study in Scarlet (1933); Tovarich (1937); The Letter (1940); The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942); The House of Fear (1945); Three Strangers (1946); and The Sound of Music (1965).

Edmontonia
A gas leak in the Dunston Apartments, on Stony Plain Road near 127th Street, caused an explosion that morning that left the old red brick walkup a pile of rubble, and knocked out the windows of Pioneer Automotive next door. Amazingly, no one was killed. I was at home on 133 St., getting ready to go to Glenora School, when I heard a loud bang; I found out what it was when I came home for lunch.

World events
A United Nations Security Council resolution opposed Israel’s administrative unification of the Jordanian and Israeli sections of Jerusalem, and declared invalid all Israeli actions in Jerusalem since the capture of the Jordanian area of the city in the June 1967 war. 13 of the 15 member nations of the Security Council approved the resolution; the United States and Canada abstained.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. performed an underground nuclear test.

Baseball
The Chicago Cubs climbed above the .500 mark the first time all season with a 6-5 win over the Philadelphia Phillies. Chicago's Billy Williams set a record for outfielders by playing his 695th straight game.

30 years ago
1978

Politics and government

A nationwide referendum in Egypt overwhelmingly endorsed President Anwar Sadat’s plan to curb political opposition from both left and right. President Sadat promised, however, that the restrictions would not lead to a return to the sometimes repressive measures used by his predecessor, Gamel Abdel Nasser.

Religion
118 Unification church (Moonie) couples participated in a mass wedding in England.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 3 @ Boston 4 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Bobby Schmautz scored at 6:22 of overtime to give the Bruins the win over the Canadiens at the Boston Garden. A third-period fight was a highlight, with Stan Jonathan of the Bruins beating up the much taller Pierre Bouchard.

25 years ago
1983

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Let’s Dance--David Bowie

One of the ‘80s’ most annoying songs, Bang the Drum All Day by Todd Rundgren, reached #63 on the Billboard Hot 100. I don’t remember hearing it at the time, only in later years. For some reason, disc jockeys never identify the artist when they play that song.

World events
The Fatah central committee of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), under the control of Yasser Arafat, dismissed Col. Abu Masa, leader of an anti-Arafat PLO faction, and four other officers from their commands.

Horse racing
Deputed Testamony, with Donald Miller aboard, won the 108th running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in 1:55 2/5. Desert Wine placed second.

20 years ago
1988


Died on this date
Dino Grandi, 92
. Italian politician. Mr. Grandi joined Benito Mussolini’s Fascist movement in 1920, and served in Mr. Mussolini’s government in various positions, including Minister of Foreign Affairs (1929-1932). Mr. Grandi was one of the members of the Fascist Grand Council who voted to remove Mr. Mussolini from office in 1943. Mr. Grandi fled the country, but returned to Italy many years later.

Pino Romualdi, 74. Italian politician. Mr. Romualdi was Deputy Secretary of the Fascist Republican Party during World War II, and was one of the founders, in 1946, of the Italian Social Movement (MSI). He remained involved in politics until his death.

Weather
It was a beautiful day in Edmonton, hitting 82 F.

Defense
The United States performed a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

Horse racing
Risen Star, with Eddie Delahoussaye aboard, won the 113th running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore. The winning time was 1:56 2/5, the slowest Preakness in 13 years. Brian's Time placed second.

10 years ago
1998

Politics and government

Indonesian President Suharto resigned under pressure after an economic crisis. In a television address, he apologized for mistakes made during 32 years in power. Suharto was succeeded in office by Vice President B.J. Habibie.

Tuesday, 20 May 2008

May 20, 2008

360 years ago
1648

Died on this date
Wladyslaw IV, 52
. King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1632-1648. Wladyslaw was Grand Duke of Moscow from 1610-1634, and also hereditary king of the Swedes, Goths, and Vandals. King Wladyslaw was successful in keeping the Commonwealth out of the Thirty Years’ War, and in defending the Commonwealth from invasion.

130 years ago
1878

Baseball

Terry Larkin of the Chicago White Stockings allowed only a first-inning single by Orator Shaffer in beating the Indianapolis Hoosiers 3-1.

120 years ago
1888

Baseball

The Philadelphia Athletics tried to stage a Sunday game across the river in Gloucester‚ New Jersey‚ but the inadequate stands and field were overrun by a mob of spectators‚ and the game was called off.

100 years ago
1908

Born on this date
James Stewart
. U.S. actor. One of the most popular movie actors in Hollywood history was born in Indiana, Pennsylvania, and graduated from Princeton University in 1932. Mr. Stewart’s first movie role was in The Murder Man (1935). He didn’t have a single "breakthrough" movie, but he made a large number of pictures in a short time which accelerated his popularity. The list of Mr. Stewart’s memorable movies is too long for this blogger to recite. For those interested in seeing him in lesser-known films, try The Mortal Storm (1940); Call Northside 777 (1948); No Highway in the Sky (1951); or The Naked Spur (1953). Mr. Stewart also starred on radio, in the NBC series The Six-Shooter (1953-54). Oddly, James Stewart won just one acting Oscar, for best Actor in The Philadelphia Story (1940).

Mr. Stewart was the first Hollywood star to enlist in the U.S. armed forces in World War II. He joined the Army Air Corps in 1940, a year before the U.S.A. became involved in the war; he eventually became a Colonel, and earned the Air Medal, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Croix de Guerre and 7 battle stars. In 1959, he served in the Air Force Reserve, before retiring as a brigadier general. Mr. Stewart was one of the veterans interviewed for the British television documentary series The World at War in the early 1970s.

90 years ago
1918

Baseball

With two out in the bottom of the 14th inning‚ Merlin Kopp of the Philadelphia Athletics stole home with the winning run as they beat the Detroit Tigers 5-4. Mr. Kopp had 2 steals in the game‚ as well as a double and triple. The Athletics’ Elmer Myers and the Tigers’ Hooks Dauss each went the distance as both teams scored runs in the 10th and 12th innings. Ty Cobb had three hits for the Tigers to run his consecutive game hitting streak against the Athletics to 23 games.

In a 5-2 loss to the Reds at Crosley Field in Cincinnati‚ Boston Braves’ third baseman Red Smith made an out after 10 straight hits over 5 games‚ a Braves franchise record (since tied). He has 3 straight hits in this game before making an out.

80 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Gen. Luis Mena
. Nicaraguan politician. Gen. Mena, a conservative, was President of Nicaragua in 1910. He was part of the coalition government which also included liberal Juan Jose Estrada and conservatives Emiliano Chamorro and Adolfo Diaz. Gen. Mena was assassinated at Ponelova.

Lt. W.H. Reddington. U.S. naval aviator. Lt. Reddington, a naval flyer attached to the aircraft carrier Langley, was killed when his plane went into a nose dive after taking off from the deck of the ship.

Aviation
The transatlantic airplane Bremen was damaged in the attempt to take off from Greenely Island, near Newfoundland, for New York City.

Scandal
Mrs. Florence Knapp, former Secretary of State of New York, was again put on trial at Albany on the charge of larceny of census funds.

Politics and government
Parliamentary elections in Germany increased the representation of Socialists and Communists.

Disasters
A tank of phosgene (carbonylchlorid) gas exploded in the Williamsburg suburb of Hamburg, Germany, poisoning 11 to death and sending 250 to hospital.

60 years ago
1948

War

The Israeli Air Force saw its first action in a victory over the Syrian army--the first victory for the newly independent state.

Baseball
At Comiskey Park in Chicago‚ Joe DiMaggio hit for the cycle and added another home run, and drove in six runs‚ as the Yanks coasted to a 13-2 win over the White Sox. Joltin’ Joe almost had a 6th extra base hit‚ but left fielder Ralph Hodgin made a spectacular catch at the wall. Johnny Lindell added a homer to back Vic Raschi's pitching over Orval Grove‚ who lasted 5 innings. Mr. DiMaggio was the first Yankee in eight years to hit for the cycle. He last cycled in 1937‚ when he also added a second home run; he was the only player to do that twice.

In a 13-4 Cleveland win‚ the Indians collected 18 bases on balls against the Red Sox to tie the American League record. Handing out the free passes were Mickey Harris and Mickey McDermott (11 in 6 2/3 innings). Bob Lemon‚ Jim Hegan‚ and Ken Keltner all collected runs batted in without benefit of a hit.

The St. Louis Cardinals defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers 13-4‚ as Stan Musial had 4 hits‚ including a home run and 2 doubles. Stan the Man was 11 for 15 in the series. Enos Slaughter chipped in with three hits as Howie Pollet won over Joe Hatten.

The Pittsburgh Pirates battered the Boston Braves 13-0 behind Elmer Riddle's 4-hitter. The Pirates tallied 8 runs in the 4th inning‚ with the scoring started by Ralph Kiner's 9th home run of the season. He added a double in the same inning.

Died on this date
Frank Browning, 65
. Mr. Browning went 32-16 for the San Francisco Seals in 1909 and led the Pacific Coast League in wins. He won 16 consecutive games (a PCL record) from June 10 to August 12, including a no-hitter against the Sacramento Senators on July 5th. Mr. Browning's major league career consisted of 11 games with the Detroit Tigers between April and June 1910. He won 2 games, lost 2, and saved 3.

50 years ago
1958

Defense

The United States performed an atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.

Britannica
The mayor and corporation of High Wycombe were weighed in in full view of the public to see whether or not they had been getting fat at the taxpayers' expense. The annual custom dates back to medieval times and is unique to this Buckinghamshire market town.

Baseball
At Comiskey Park in Chicago, Johnny Kucks pitched the New York Yankees to a 5-1 win over the last-place White Sox to extend their winning streak to seven games. Mickey Mantle's line drive between Al Smith and Jim Rivera went for his second inside-the-park home run of the year. Mantle ended the year with three inside-the-park homers‚ and a Yankee record six during his career.

The St. Louis Cardinals traded shortstop Alvin Dark to the Chicago Cubs for relief pitcher Jim Brosnan. Mr. Dark was hitting .297 in 18 games that year with the Cardinals; Mr. Brosnan had won 3 and lost 4 in 8 games with the Cubs in 1958.

40 years ago
1968

War

United States Ambassador-at-Large Averell Harriman denied that there was a deadlock in the Paris Peace talks, but accused the North Vietnamese of using the meetings for propaganda purposes.

Baseball
California Angels’ shortstop Jim Fregosi hit for the cycle during a 5 - 4 11-inning win over the Boston Red Sox at Anaheim Stadium. The cycle was the second of Fregosi's career, tying him with several other players for the major league record.

30 years ago
1978

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): With a Little Luck--Wings

Space
The United States launched Pioneer Venus 1; the satellite went on to produce the first global radar map of Venus.

World events
French and Belgian troops, sent to rescue more than 2,500 Europeans, finished dropping into the town of Kolwezi in the Zairian province of Shaba (formerly Katanga).

Terrorism
Three terrorists killed a cop in an attack on El Al airlines at Orly Airport in Paris. The Organization of the Sons of Southern Lebanon claimed responsibility for the attack, which they said was merely the first reply to the Israeli invasion of southern Lebanon.

Diplomacy
Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev began a three-day visit to China, where he briefed Chinese officials on U.S.-Soviet arms talks, in an effort to "underline the long-term strategic nature of the United States’ "relationship to China." He also said that the U.S. had "made up its mind" to move toward full diplomatic relations with China.

Horse racing
Affirmed, with Steve Cauthen aboard, made it two straight wins in Triple Crown races as he won the Preakness Stakes in 1:54.4. Alydar came in second, as he had in the Kentucky Derby. Affirmed won $136,200.

Baseball
Willie Stargell of the Pittsburgh Pirates hit a 535-foot home run off Montreal Expos’ pitcher Wayne Twitchell to highlight a 6-0 victory at Olympic Stadium. It was the longest home run in park history, and was also Mr. Stargell's 407th career home run, tying him with Duke Snider on the career list.

25 years ago
1983


Died on this date
Fred Schulte, 82
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Schulte, an outfielder, played from 1927-1937 with the St. Louis Browns, Washington Nationals, and Pittsburgh Pirates, batting .292 in 1,178 games. Mr. Schulte was the starting centre fielder for the Nationals in 1933, when they won the American League pennant. He hit .295 that year, with 5 home runs and 87 runs batted in, and led the AL with 433 outfield putouts. In that year’s World Series he hit .333 in 5 games, with 1 home run and 4 RBIs. His home run, the last World Series home run by a Washington player, was a 3-run shot in the 6th inning of game 5 that tied the game at 3. The Giants won 4-3 in 10 innings to win the Series 4 games to 1.

Terrorism
A car bomb exploded in Pretoria, South Africa, killing 19 and injuring 217. The blast, outside the headquarters of the air force on Church Street, killed black and white civilians as well as air force personnel, and was regarded as the worst act of terrorism so far against the white regime.

Society
Margaret Bush Wilson, chairman of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, ordered the suspension of Benjamin Hooks, the NAACP’s executive director since 1977.

Boxing
Larry Holmes (43-0) won a 12-round split decision over Tim Witherspoon (15-1) in 12 rounds at Dunes Hotel & Casino Outdoor Arena in Las Vegas to retain the World Boxing Council heavyweight title. Meanwhile, World Boxing Association champion Michael Dokes (26-0-2) and former champion Mike Weaver (24-10-1) fought a 15-round draw in their title match. One judge decided in favour of Mr. Dokes, while another judge and the referee called the fight a draw.

Baseball
Philadelphia Phillies’ pitcher Steve Carlton passed Walter Johnson to move into second place on the career strikeout list. Mr. Carlton's four strikeouts put him at 3,511, just 10 behind Nolan Ryan of the Houston Astros. Mr. Ryan had bettered Mr. Johnson's record earlier in the month. The Phillies lost 5-0 to the San Diego Padres.

20 years ago
1988


Protest
Students attacked the United States embassy in Seoul with homemade bombs.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 2 @ Edmonton 4 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Baseball
In a 4-3 loss to the San Diego Padres, Philadelphia Phillies’ third baseman Mike Schmidt hit his 535th home run to move past Jimmie Foxx into 8th place on the career list.

10 years ago
1998

World events

The United States House of Representatives voted overwhelmingly to ban satellite exports to China. Many in both parties feared exporting sensitive technology that could aid the accuracy of nuclear missiles.

Baseball
Behind Pedro Martinez (5-0)‚ the Boston Red Sox beat the Chicago White Sox 6-2‚ pinning the loss on Jaime Navarro. It was Mr. Navarro's first loss to the Red Sox following 10 straight wins‚ dating back to 1991.

The AAA Indianapolis Indians performed a feat possibly never before duplicated in professional baseball. In the 5th inning of a game against the Pawtucket Red Sox‚ Indianapolis players hit for a "Homer cycle." Pete Rose‚ Jr. opened the inning with a solo home run; Jason Williams connected for a 3-run shot; Glenn Murray slugs a grand slam; and Guillermo Garcia finished the scoring with a 2-run blast. The Indians won the American Association game 11-4.