Thursday, 29 May 2008

May 28, 2008

420 years ago
1588


War
The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, set sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel. It took until May 30 for all ships to leave port.

200 years ago
1808


Died on this date
Richard Hurd, 88
. English clergyman and writer. The Bishop of Worcester from 1781-1808, Mr. Hurd’s books included Letters on Chivalry and Romance (1762) and An Introduction to the Study of the Prophecies concerning the Christian Church (1772).

Exploration
Simon Fraser left Fort George, British Columbia to travel down the river which is now named for him, on his way to the Pacific Ocean.

120 years ago
1888


Born on this date
Kaarel Eenpalu
. Prime Minister of Estonia, 1938-1939. Born Karl August Einbund, Mr. Eenpalu was an editor of several newspapers, and held numerous political offices beginning in 1920. He was Stae Elder of Estonia' (head of state) from July 19-November 1, 1932, and became the country's first prime minister. When the U.S.S.R. occupied the Baltic republics in June 1940, Mr. Eenpalu was one of a number of polticians who were arrested and deported to Russia. He died in a Soviet prison camp in Vyatka, Kirov Oblast on January 27 or 28, 1942 at the age of 53.

100 years ago
1908

Born on this date
Ian Fleming
. U.K. author. Mr. Fleming used his experience as a British intelligence agent to create James Bond. Mr. Fleming wrote 12 James Bond novels, including Dr. No; From Russia, With Love; and Goldfinger. He also wrote the children's book Chitty Chitty Bang Bang. Ian Fleming died in 1964.

90 years ago
1918

Baseball

At Fenway Park‚ Joe Bush of the Boston Red Sox pitched a one-hit‚ 1-0 win over the Chicago White Sox, and drove in the lone run. The lone Chicago hit was a "flying single" (Harry Casey‚ in the Boston Evening Record) by Happy Felsch‚ which occurred when he threw his bat at the ball on a hit-and-run. Eddie Cicotte allowed 5 hits‚ 3 by Fred Thomas‚ in the loss.

80 years ago
1928

World events

Russian writer Maxim Gorky returned from Italy after an absence of many years, and was received in Moscow by a Nikolai Bukharin, a high Soviet government official, along with thousands of workmen, students, writers, and actors, Communist youth and units of the Red Army, bearing streamers and banners instead of arms.

Religion
The Presbyterian General Assembly at Tulsa, Oklahoma refused to consider union with the Christian, Universalist, and Congregational churches, but authorized a committee to meet the Methodists and consider a union with them.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Athletics bought pitcher George Earnshaw from the Baltimore Orioles of the International League for $50‚000 and 2 players.

40 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Delilah--Tom Jones (6th week at #1)

War
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson accused North Vietnam of obstructing the Paris peace talks.

Politics and government
In the contest for the U.S. presidential nominations, Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota won the Oregon Democratic Party primary. Sen. McCarthy took 45% of the vote, with Senator Robert F. Kennedy of New York receiving 39%. Sen. Kennedy had come out on top in a pre-primary poll by NBC. Former Vice President Richard Nixon won the Republican Party primary with 73% of the vote. California Governor Ronald Reagan received 23% and New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller took 4% on write-ins.

Boxing
Leotis Martin (26-4) scored a technical knockout of Thad Spencer (32-7) at 2:29 of the 9th round of a heavyweight bout at Royal Albert Hall in London.

Baseball
The American League owners agreed to divide the league into two divisions and reduce its schedule to 156 games. The following divisional alignment was set for the 1969 season: Eastern: Baltimore Orioles; Boston Red Sox; Cleveland Indians; Detroit Tigers; New York Yankees; Washington Senators. Western: California Angels; Chicago White Sox; Kansas City Royals; Minnesota Twins; Oakland Athletics; Seattle Pilots.

Suffering his fourth straight defeat‚ Bob Gibson of the St. Louis Cardinals (3-5) dropped a 3-1 decision to Gaylord Perry and the San Francisco Giants.

Jim Maloney fired a 1-hitter at the Los Angeles Dodgers as the Reds won 7-0. A single in the 5th inning by Zoilo Versalles was the only Dodger hit.

30 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Wuthering Heights--Kate Bush (4th week at #1)

On the radio
The CBS Radio Mystery Theater broadcast on CFCN in Calgary was The Gloria Scott, starring Kevin McCarthy as Sherlock Holmes.

World events
The Vietnamese government denied that Chinese residents in that country had been mistreated.

Politics and government
U.S. National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski agreed that President Jimmy Carter faced too many limits from Congress on giving aid to friendly African nations.

Auto racing
Al Unser won the Indianapolis 500 for the third time, with an average speed of 161.363 miles per hour. His earlier wins came in 1970 and 1971.



Golf
Jerry Heard won the Atlanta Classic with a score of 269. First prize money was $40,000.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Seattle 93 @ Washington 92 (Seattle led best-of-seven series 2-1)



25 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Beat It--Michael Jackson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Words--F.R. David (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Candy Girl--New Edition

#1 single in the U.S.A.: (Billboard): Flashdance...What a Feeling--Irene Cara

Flashdance...What a Feeling was from the movie Flashdance (1983), and ended up winning that year's Academy Award as Best Original Song.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Beat It--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)
2 Let's Dance--David Bowie
3 Rio--Duran Duran
4 Time (Clock of the Heart)--Culture Club
5 She Blinded Me with Science--Thomas Dolby
6 Flashdance...What a Feeling--Irene Cara
7 Puttin' on the Ritz--Taco
8 Overkill--Men at Work
9 Jeopardy--Greg Kihn Band
10 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson

Singles entering the chart were Every Breath You Take by the Police (#44); Come Dancing by the Kinks (#45); and Our House by Madness (#47).

Diplomacy
A three-day summit of western democratic nations, hosted by U.S. President Ronald Reagan, began in Williamsburg, Virginia. The guest nations were Canada, Japan, Britain, West Germany, Italy, and France. Economic issues related to the worldwide recession dominated the talks.

Society
A majority of the board of directors of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) called for the resignation of Margaret Bush Wilson as chairman, and limited her authority.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I'm Not Scared--Eighth Wonder (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Yé ké yé ké--Mory Kante

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros

#1 single in France (SNEP): N'importe quoi--Florent Pagny (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): With a Little Help from My Friends--Wet Wet Wet/She's Leaving Home--Billy Bragg featuring Cara Tivey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): With a Little Help from My Friends--Wet Wet Wet/She's Leaving Home--Billy Bragg featuring Cara Tivey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One More Try--George Michael

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 One More Try--George Michael
2 Anything for You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
3 Shattered Dreams--Johnny Hates Jazz
4 Naughty Girls (Need Love Too)--Samantha Fox
5 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
6 Angel--Aerosmith
7 Everything Your Heart Desires--Daryl Hall John Oates
8 I Don't Want to Live Without You--Foreigner
9 Together Forever--Rick Astley
10 Wait--White Lion

Singles entering the chart were Sign Your Name by Terence Trent D'Arby (#74); The Colour of Love by Billy Ocean (#80); Darlin' Danielle Don't by Henry Lee Summer (#84); You Have Placed a Chill in My Heart by Eurythmics (#85); Wishing I was Lucky by Wet Wet Wet (#86); Fat by "Weird Al" Yankovic (#89); and Little Walter by Tony! Toni! Tone! (#90). Fat was a spoof of Michael Jackson's 1987 hit Bad.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)
2 Beds are Burning--Midnight Oil
3 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger
4 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
5 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean
6 One More Try--George Michael
7 Together Forever--Rick Astley
8 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
9 Shattered Dreams--Johnny Hates Jazz
10 What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong

Singles entering the chart were The Flame by Cheap Trick (#71); Lost in You by Rod Stewart (#73); Foolish Beat by Debbie Gibson (#76); Black & Blue by Van Halen (#82); Send Me a Miracle by Paul Janz (#87); and New Sensation by INXS (#95).

Died on this date
Sy Oliver, 77
. U.S. musician, composer, and bandleader. Mr. Oliver was a trumpeter and arranger with the band of Jimmie Lunceford in the mid-1930s, and joined Tommy Dorsey's orchestra in 1939 as an arranger. He led his own band in later years. Mr. Oliver co-wrote the song T'ain't What You Do (It's the Way That You Do It).

Diplomacy
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet unanimously approved the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty.

10 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Phil Hartman, 49
. Canadian-born U.S. actor. A native of Brantford, Ontario, Mr. Hartman was a member of the cast of the NBC series Saturday Night Live from 1986-1994 (winning an Emmy Award in 1989 for writing), and provided the voices for a number of characters on The Simpsons from 1991-1998. At the time of his death, Mr. Hartman was a member of the cast of the NBC comedy series NewsRadio, and was posthumously nominated for an Emmy Award. He was shot to death while he slept by his wife Brynn, who shot herself shortly after notifying a friend of the murder.

Defense
Pakistan conducted five underground nuclear tests, responding to India’s tests earlier in the month.

Protest
Students in Indonesia resumed demonstrations, opposing the government’s timetable for holding elections the following year.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Finals
Washington 4 @ Buffalo 3 (OT) (Washington led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Peter Bondra and Richard Zednik each scored 2 goals for the Capitals, with Mr. Bondra's second coming at 9:37 of the 1st overtime period as they edged the Sabres at Marine Midland Arena.

May 27, 2008

270 years ago
1738


Born on this date
Nathaniel Gorham
. U.S. politician. Mr. Gorham was a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress, and served as its president from July 6-November 5, 1786. He attended the Constitutional Convention and signed the Constitution of the United States in Philadelphia on September 17, 1787. He died on June 11, 1796 at the age of 58.

210 years ago
1798


War
4,000-5,000 Irish rebels killed 105 of 110 British militiamen in the Battle of Oulart Hill in Wexford, Ireland.

190 years ago
1818


Born on this date
Amelia Bloomer
. U.S. journalist and activist. Mrs. Bloomer wrote for the Seneca Falls County Courier before editing the biweekly newspaper The Lily (1849-1853), the first newspaper for women. She supported women's suffrage, but was best known for advocating the loose trousers that became known as "bloomers." Mrs. Bloomer died on December 30, 1894 at the age of 76.

120 years ago
1888

Baseball

Bill "Adonis" Terry of the Brooklyn Trolley-Dodgers hurled his second career no-hitter‚ beating the Kansas City Cowboys 4-0. Three men walked and two more reached on errors. Mr. Terry no-hit the St. Louis Browns on July 24‚ 1886.

80 years ago
1928

Defense

A treaty of alliance between Turkey and Afghanistan was signed at Ankara.

Aviation
The Prince of Wales took to the air for the first time, flying from Scarborough, Yorkshire, where he had attended the opening session of the British Legion conference, to Bircham Newton, near Sandringham, a distance of about 120 miles, in order to dine with King George V and Queen Mary. The Prince wore flying kit, with a parachute attached to his shoulders. He was followed by an equerry in a second plane.

Crime
Near Salem, Oregon, the partly clothed body of 10-year-old Beatrice Rosenbaum, who disappeared from her home at Youngstown two weeks earlier, was found in a ravine on a farm.

Baseball
Veteran first baseman George Sisler cleared waivers and joined the Boston Braves. Mr. Sisler had been purchased by the Washington Nationals in December 1927 after 12 seasons with the St. Louis Browns, but had hit just .245, almost 100 points below his lifetime average, with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 20 games with the Nationals.

75 years ago
1933


Died on this date
James Loeb, 65
. U.S. banker and philanthropist. Mr. Loeb founded and endowed the Loeb Classical Library in 1912, and helped found part of the Juilliard School of Music.

Americana
The Chicago World’s Fair, or Century of Progress Exposition, opened. The theme of the fair was a celebration of science and industry, but fan dancer Sally Rand turned out to be the main attraction.

Baseball
The Chicago White Sox tallied 3 in their half of the 8th inning to take an 11-3 lead against New York, only to see the Yankees storm back with 12 runs in the bottom half of the inning, with Bill Dickey's grand slam the big blow. The combined total of 15 runs was a new American League record for one inning. The final read 15-11 for the Yankees.

70 years ago
1938


Economics and finance
The federal government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King nationalized the Bank of Canada, three years after its creation.

Baseball
Detroit's Hank Greenberg hammered a Frank Gabler pitch 440 feet, into the center field seats at Comiskey Park in Chicago‚ becoming the first slugger to reach the bleachers there, to help the Tigers beat the White Sox 5-2‚ as Vern Kennedy pitched a 6-hit complete game to improve his 1938 record to 7-0. 8,000 were in attendance, 5,000 of whom received free admission for Ladies Day.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 10th inning, Spud Davis doubled and Harry Craft followed with a double to drive him home with the winning run as the Cincinnati Reds edged the St. Louis Cardinals 2-1 before 21,092 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Johnny Vander Meer pitched a 5-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Bill McGee, who allowed 11 hits in going the distance.

60 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Rudolph Wurlitzer, 74
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Wurlitzer was the son of Wurlitzer jukebox firm founder Rudolph Wurlitzer, and served as president of the company.

Augustin Sram. Czechoslovakian politician. Major Sram, a leading strategist of the Czech Communist Party, was assassinated in Prague by an unknown assailant.

War
Philippine security forces resumed their attack on Hukbalahap guerrillas in central Luzon after Huk leader Luis Taruc rejected a government peace offer.

Defense
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee unanimously recommended that the U.S. support regional defense arrangements like the Union of Western Europe to remove "dangerous uncertainties that might mislead potential aggressors."

Politics and government
The Lebanese Parliament re-elected President Bechara el-Khoury for a six-year term.

In a letter to the President's Loyalty Review Board, U.S. Attorney General Tom Clark ruled that the Communist Party advocated violent overthrow of the United States government and that party members could be dismissed from federal employment under the Hatch Act.

Crime
Narayan Vinayak Godse and eight co-defendants were formally charged in New Delhi with the January 30, 1948 murder of Indian Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi.

Business
Recently retired baseball slugger Hank Greenberg bought an interest in the Cleveland Indians‚ becoming their second-largest stockholder.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th inning to break a 5-5 tie and held on to defeat the New York Giants 9-6 before 21,277 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. The Giants had runners on first and second bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but pinch hitter Les Layton, representing the potential tying run, flied out to left fielder Stan Musial to end the game.

50 years ago
1958


Literature
The Affluent Society by John Kenneth Galbraith was published in New York by Houghton Mifflin.

Space
Vanguard Satellite Launch Vehicle 1, with the Vanguard 2B satellite aboard, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, but failed to place the satellite into orbit.

Defense
Warsaw Pact foreign ministers issued a communique in Moscow approving plans for the withdrawal of U.S.S.R. forces from Romania and for the progressive reduction of Soviet bloc military manpower.

The F-4 Phantom II, the principal air superiority jet fighter for both the U.S. Navy and Air Force, made its first flight.

Politics and government
Following nighttime meetings with French Prime Minister Pierre Pflimlin and Defense Minister Pierre de Chevigne, French President Charles de Gaulle issued a statement declaring that he had "started yesterday the regular process necessary for the establishment of a republican government capable of assuring the unity and the independence of the country."

British and Singaporean negotiators announced an agreement on terms for a new constitution designed to transform Singapore into a self-governing state under U.K. protection.

40 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Hana no Kubikazari/Ginga no Romance--The Tigers (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Congratulations--Cliff Richard (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Rip Collins, 72
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Collins played for 4 American League teams in 11 seasons from 1920-1931, posting a record of 108-82 with an earned run average of 3.99 in 311 games. He had 14-win seasons in 1920, 1922, and 1924. Mr. Collins went 11-5 with the New York Yankees when they won their first American League pennant in 1921, but gave up 4 hits and a base on balls in just 2/3 of an inning in his only World Series appearance.

War
North Vietnamese peace delegate Xuan Thuy pressed for a halt in U.S. bombing, while U.S. Ambassador-at-Large Averell Harriman rejected "the suggestion now urged by you that the only reason for our meetings is to give the hour and date for the cessation of bombing."

Disasters
The U.S. nuclear submarine Scorpion, with 99 men aboard, failed to show up on schedule at Norfolk, Virginia after a three-month training exercise with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean Sea.

Baseball
National League President Warren Giles announced that the league would add expansion teams in San Diego and Montreal at a cost of U.S.$10 million each, with Montreal becoming the first city outside the United States to be awarded a franchise. The San Diego Padres and Montreal Expos began play in the 1969 season.

30 years ago
1978

Hit parade

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Stayin' Alive--Bee Gees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): With a Little Luck--Wings (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Rivers of Babylon/Brown Girl in the Ring--Boney M. (5th week at #1)
2 Ça Plane pour Moi--Plastic Bertrand
3 Night Fever--Bee Gees
4 Substitute--Clout
5 Lady McCorey--BZN
6 Every 1's a Winner--Hot Chocolate
7 Come Back My Love--Darts
8 Met de Vlam in de Pijp--Henk Wijngaard
9 Only a Fool--The Mighty Sparrow with Byron Lee and the Dragonaires
10 Eagle/Thank You for the Music--ABBA

Singles entering the chart were If You Can't Give Me Love by Suzi Quatro (#20); I'll Be Waiting by Santana (#24); Wishing on a Star by Rose Royce (#29); and To the Unknown Man by Vangelis (#33).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 With a Little Luck--Wings (2nd week at #1)
2 Too Much, Too Little, Too Late--Johnny Mathis and Deniece Williams
3 You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
4 Shadow Dancing--Andy Gibb
5 The Closer I Get to You--Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway
6 Baby Hold On--Eddie Money
7 Feels So Good--Chuck Mangione
8 Disco Inferno--The Trammps
9 Imaginary Lover--Atlanta Rhythm Section
10 Night Fever--Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were Miss You by the Rolling Stones (#64); Grease by Frankie Valli (#65); My Angel Baby by Toby Beau (#72); Runaway by Jefferson Starship (#77); Under the Boardwalk by Billy Joe Royal (#80); Over the Rainbow by Gary Tanner (#90); Shame by Evelyn "Champagne" King (#94); Will You Still Love Me Tomorrow by Dave Mason (#95); Love Will Find a Way by Pablo Cruise (#96); and That Once in a Lifetime by Demis Roussos (#97). Grease was the title song of the movie.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 With a Little Luck--Wings
2 The Closer I Get to You--Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway
3 If I Can't Have You--Yvonne Elliman
4 You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
5 Night Fever--Bee Gees
6 Too Much, Too Little, Too Late--Johnny Mathis and Deniece Williams
7 Shadow Dancing--Andy Gibb
8 Thank You for Being a Friend--Andrew Gold
9 Count on Me--Jefferson Starship
10 Disco Inferno--The Trammps

Singles entering the chart were Still the Same by Bob Seger and the Silver Bullet Band (#81); It's Late by Queen (#84); Everybody Dance by Chic (#92); Roll with the Changes by REO Speedwagon (#93); Last Dance by Donna Summer (#95); Take Me Back to Chicago by Chicago (#96); I'm on My Way by Captain and Tennille (#97); Daylight Katy by Gordon Lightfoot (#98); You Needed Me by Anne Murray (#99); and New York City by Ken Tobias (#100).

World events
The Chinese government announced that it would be sending ships to rescue 70,000 Chinese residents from Vietnam, who had been expelled after nationalization of businesses in Vietnam.

Protest
At the first legal Zimbabwean African People’s Union (ZAPU) rally in years, a crowd of 50,000 roared its opposition to the biracial interim government of Rhodesia.

Disasters
At least three were killed when two days of heavy rains sent a 12-foot wall of water surging through a canyon in the Texas panhandle.

25 years ago
1983

World events

The Popular Liberation Forces, a Communist guerrilla group, claimed responsibility for the fatal shooting in San Salvador on May 25 of Lt. Cdr. Albert Schaufelberger, deputy commander of the U.S. Military Group. The administration of U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced that it would send at least 100 U.S. military advisers to Honduras to train Salvadoran soldiers in guerrilla warfare. U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz announced that Thomas Enders, assistant secretary of state for inter-American affairs, would be replaced by Langhorne Motley, the U.S. Ambassador to Brazil.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ella, Elle L'a--France Gall (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan, on his way to Moscow for a summit with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, stopped in Helsinki, and asserted that the U.S.S.R. was falling short of its commitments when it signed the Helsinki accord on human rights in 1975.

Defense
The United States Senate voted 93-5 to ratify the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Los Angeles Lakers 94 @ Dallas 106 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago
1998


Terrorism
Michael Fortier, the U.S. government's star witness in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing case, was sentenced to 12 years in prison after apologizing for not warning anyone about the deadly plot.

Economics and finance
The financial markets of Russia were near collapse, and the Russian government took drastic steps to preserve the value of currency and halt the exodus of foreign investors.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Indiana 87 @ Chicago 106 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-2)

May 26, 2008

470 years ago
1538


World events
Protestant reformer John Calvin and his followers were expelled from Geneva, Switzerland. Mr. Calvin lived in exile in Strasbourg, France for the next three years.

190 years ago
1818


Died on this date
Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, 56
. Russian military officer and politician. Prince Michael was a Field Marshal in the Imperial Russian Army who was best known for his military reforms and leadership during the 1812 invasion of Russia by French forces commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte. Prince Michael was Governor-General of Finland from 1809-1810. He died while on a visit to Germany.

Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza, 33. Chilean guerrilla leader. Mr. Rodríguez opposed Spanish rule of Chile, and is regarded as one of the founders of modern Chile. He was assassinated in Til-Til by soliders after being imprisoned on the order of Supreme Director Bernardo O'Higgins, who was largely blamed for the assassination.

140 years ago
1868


Died on this date
Michael Barrett, 26 or 27
. Irish nationalist. A Fenian, Mr. Barrett was convicted for his role in the bombing of Clerkenwell prison in December 1867. A bomb was placed in a wheelbarrow outside the prison in an attempt to blow a hole in the wall so that Fenian criminal Richard O’Sullivan-Burke could escape. The bomb was more powerful than expected, and 12 people from the neighbourhood were killed, and over 50 injured. Mr. Barrett was accused of laying the explosive charge in the wheelbarrow. Mr. Barrett was executed outside the walls of Newgate Prison in what turned out to be the last public hanging in Britain. A crowd of 2,000 booed, cheered, and sang Rule Britannia and Champagne Charlie as the trap was sprung. Those were definitely the good old days.

Canadiana
The design of the Great Seal of Canada, with the arms of the four provinces was approved by royal warrant of Queen Victoria.

Politics and government
After previously failing, by one vote, to convict President Andrew Johnson on the 11th article of impeachment, the United States Senate failed by the same margin (35-19) to convict President Johnson on articles 2 and 3. At this point the Senate voted to adjourn the impeachment trial without considering the remaining articles. When President Johnson received the news, he broke into tears. 10 of 11 articles concerned the Tenure and Army Appropriations Acts; the last article claimed that President Johnson had attempted to undermine the Congress.

125 years ago
1883

Died on this date
Abd al-Qadir, 74
. Algerian scholar and military leader. Mr. al-Qadir led a number of guerrilla revolts against French colonial rule in the 1830s and 1840s, but eventually had to surrender to superior force. After being exiled to France, Mr. al-Qadir was freed on condition that he not cause further trouble in Algeria. Eventually he made his way to Damascus, devoting himself to Islamic theology and philosophy. In 1860 Mr. al-Qadir saved the lives of large numbers of Christians who were under attack from Druze warriors in Damascus. The French government gave him the Grand Cross of the Légion d'honneur, and Abraham Lincoln sent him several guns in honour of his chivalry. Abd al-Qadir remains a national hero in Algeria.

120 years ago
1888

Baseball

With flawless fielding and 3 hits‚ Hardie Richardson of the Detroit Wolverines starred in a 9-8 win over the Chicago White Stockings. His last hit was a game-winning home run in the 9th inning.

110 years ago
1898


Law
The Judicial Committee of the Imperial Privy Council ruled in London that the government of Canada had sole power to regulate Canada's ocean fisheries.

100 years ago
1908


Died on this date
Mirzā Ghulām Ahmad, 73
. Indian religious leader. Mr. Ghulam Ahmad founded the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam, claiming to be the promised the promised Messiah and Mahdi, in the likeness of Jesus, and a subordinate prophet within Islam. He denied that Jesus died on the cross, but rather survived crucifixion and went on to die a natural death. Mr. Ghulam Ahmad opposed the use of jihad (holy war) to spread Islam. He died of dysentery, having already acquired 400,000 followers. The Ahmadiyya Movement currently has an estimated 10 million-20 million adherents.

Oil
The first major oil strike in the Middle East took place as Canadian engineers working for British entrepreneur William Knox D'Arcy hit a gusher in Masjid-i-Suleiman in present-day Iran. The rights to the resource were quickly acquired by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company.

90 years ago
1918

Baseball

In a Sunday game before 14,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington‚ the Nationals and Detroit Tigers replayed a 2-2 16-inning tie that had opened their series on May 24. The Nationals, behind the pitching of Walter Johnson, won 4-0‚ allowing 4 hits in 9 innings and extending his scoreless inning streak to 40 and improving his 1918 record to 7-4. The Big Train also had a single‚ triple and a walk in 3 plate appearances‚ to raise his batting average to .323.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored all their runs in the 8th inning to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 4-3 at Redland Field.

80 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Joseph R. Reid
. U.S. aviator. Mr. Reid, a reserve air mail pilot, was killed in a plane crash near Richmond, Virginia.

Diplomacy
Japan pledged the United States "most cordial cooperation" in an anti-war treaty.

Education
The 5th U.S. National Oratorical Contest was on in Washington, D.C. by James R. Moore, 17, of Somerset Connecticut. Second was Elliott Norquist, 18, of Kansas City; third was Charles J. Olson, 16, of Worcester, Massachusetts.

Track and field
55 of the 274 entrants who had left Los Angeles on March 4 in a foot race across the United States arrived in New York City. The winner was Andrew Payne of Oklahoma; the runner-up was John Salo of Passaic, New Jersey.

Soccer
The World Cup came into being when Jules Rimet, president of FIFA, soccer's world congress and ruling body, persuaded it to organize a new competition, open to all member nations, beginning in 1930. The Jules Rimet Trophy is given today to each championship team.

70 years ago
1938


Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) began its first session. The committee's chairman was Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas).

75 years ago
1933

Died on this date
Jimmie Rodgers, 35
. U.S. musician and songwriter. "The Singing Brakeman" was the first country music star, and is often called "The Father of Country Music." He was also known as "The Blue Yodeler" for such songs as Blue Yodel and Blue Yodel No. 9. Other notable songs of his included Mississippi Delta Blues and Blue Yodel No. 8 (Mule Skinner Blues). Mr. Rodgers battled tuberculosis for years, and died just two days after making his last recordings.

Baseball
Philadelphia Phillies’ outfielder Chuck Klein hit for the cycle for the second time in his career‚ but the Phillies lost to the St. Louis Cardinals 5-4 in 14 innings.

70 years ago
1938


Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) began its first session. The committee's chairman was Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas).

70 years ago
1948


War
The Arab League in Amman rejected the United Nations Security Council' appeal for a truce in Palestine.

Politics and government
The Herenigde Nasionale Party (Reunited National Party), led by Daniel François Malan, combined with the Afrikaner Party to defeat the governing Union Party of Prime Minister Jan Smuts in the South African general election, with Field Marshal Smuts losing his seat in Standerton, Transvaal. The HNP won 70 of the 153 seats in the House of Assembly, an increase of 27 seats from the most recent election in 1943. The Afrikaner Party, led by Nicolaas Havenga, took 9 seats. The Union Party won 65 seats, a decline of 24 from 1943. The Labour Party, led by John Christie, took 6 seats, and there were three independent candidates elected. The Union Party lost despite taking 49.18% of the vote to 37.70% for the HNP. The UP believed racial integration was inevitable, while the HNP favoured strict segregation, resulting in the implementation of apartheid later in the year.

The Finnish cabinet crisis was resolved when President Juho Paasikivi named leftist Eino Kilpi to replace Yrjo Leino as interior minister, and appointed Communist Hertta Kuusinen as minister without portfolio. Communist leaders cancelled a general strike called on May 22, at the start of the crisis.

Defense
The U.S. Congress passed Public Law 80-557, which permanently established the Civil Air Patrol as an auxiliary of the United States Air Force.

Law
Oklahoma and New Mexico Apaches filed a claim for $8 million against the U.S. government, charging that the tribe had been imprisoned by the Army in Florida, Alabama, and Oklahoma from 1886-1913 and that Apache lands in New Mexico had been given to whites in 1877.

50 years ago
1958

Hit parade

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): All I Have to Do is Dream/Claudette--The Everly Brothers (Best Seller--3rd week at #1); All I Have to Do is Dream--The Everly Brothers (Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1; Top 100--2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Del Wertz, 69
. U.S. football and baseball player. Dwight Lyman Moody Wertz played football with four teams in the Ohio League from 1912-1914 and was a shortstop with the Buffalo Buffeds of the Federal League in 1914, with no plate appearances, 1 run, and 1 putout in 3 games.

War
French naval forces under Admiral Philippe-Marie Auboyneau put into Algerian ports as a demonstration of support for the Algerian insurrection.

Defense
Four U.S. transports landed in Beirut with tank parts and other equipment for Lebanese forces.

The U.S. Navy atomic submarine USS Skipjack was launched at Groton, Connecticut.

Politics and government
The Venezuelan cabinet of Rear Admiral Wolfgang Larrazabel resigned.

Television
The U.S. Senate Commerce Committee approved a bill granting up to $1 million to each state for educational television facilities.

Transportation
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Dwight D. Eisenhower a bill authorizing $10 million to complete the 3,200-mile Inter-American Highway, from the U.S.-Mexican border to Panama.

Baseball
Murry Dickson pitched brilliantly in relief for the Kansas City Athletics and clouted his third career major league home run, a game-ending clout leading off the bottom of the 10th inning, to beat the Baltimore Orioles 5-4 before 3,833 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. The veteran pitched 6 2/3 innings of shutout ball, allowing 4 hits and no bases on balls, with 5 strikeouts. Bert Hamric struck out as a pinch hitter for the Orioles in the 6th inning in the 10th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

Eddie Mathews led off the bottom of the 8th inning with a home run to break a 3-3 tie as the Milwaukee Braves edged the Chicago Cubs 4-3 before 16,217 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Frank Torre opened the scoring in the bottom of the 4th inning with a 3-run homer for the Braves.

40 years ago
1968


Died on this date
Doc Ayers, 77
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Yancey Wyatt Ayers played with the Washington Nationals (1913-1919) and Detroit Tigers (1919-1921), compiling a record of 64-78 with an earned run average of 2.84 in 299 games, and batted .171 with no home runs and 23 runs batted in. He threw a spitball, and was one of 17 pitchers who was allowed to keep using it after it was outlawed in 1920. Mr. Ayers died five days after his 77th birthday.

Chippy Gaw, 76. U.S. baseball pitcher. George Joseph Gaw played in 6 games with the Chicago Cubs in 1920, posting a record of 1-1 with an earned run average of 4.85, and batting .250 (1 for 4). He was 105-96 in 10 seasons in the minor leagues from 1911-1921.

Little Willie John, 30. U.S. rhythm and blues singer. William Edward John was best known for recording the original version of Fever in 1956, which hit #24 on the Billboard pop singles chart, and #1 on the rhythm and blues chart. Other hits of his included Talk to Me, Talk to Me (#20, 1958) and Sleep (#13, 1960). Mr. John was convicted of manslaughter after a fatal stabbing following a show in Seattle, and died of a heart attack at Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996.

War
The 320th North Vietnamese Division crossed the Demilitarized Zone to attack the allies at Dongha, according to charges made by U.S. Ambassador-at-Large Averell Harriman at the Paris peace talks five days later.

Europeana
Traffic in Iceland changed overnight from driving on the left side of the road to driving on the right side.

Disasters
The Brazilian cargo ship Fernaodias sank 90 miles from Salvador, Brazil; three of 24 aboard were missing.

Golf
Bob Lunn won the Memphis Open with a score of 268. First prize money was $20,000.

Baseball
The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox before 23,966 fans at Yankee Stadium, winning 5-1 behind Mel Stottlemyre and scoring 6 runs in the 1st inning while taking the second game 7-6‚ with Bill Monboquette the winning pitcher. In the opener‚ Chicago pitcher Gary Peters batted sixth in the order, ahead of catcher Duane Josephson, shortstop Luis Aparicio, and second baseman Tim Cullen. Mr. Peters went 0 for 2, as the White Sox managed just 4 hits. Tom Tresh and Bobby Cox hit home runs for the Yankees in the first game, and Joe Pepitone homered twice for the Yankees in the second game. For Mr. Cox, his homer was his first in the major leagues. Ellie Rodriguez made his major league debut behind the plate for New York in the first game, batting 0 for 3, with 4 putouts and an assist when he threw out Ken Berry trying to steal second base in the 1st inning.

Andy Etchebarren hit a 2 run home run and Curt Motton drove in 3 runs with a double to help the Baltimore Orioles defeat the Washington Senators 8-7 before 22,344 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Fred Valentine hit a solo homer for Washington in the 4th inning and Frank Howard hit his 19th home run of the season, a 3-run blast in the 7th.

Harmon Killebrew led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a home run to tie the score, and 2 outs later, Ted Uhlaender hit a solo home run to give the Minnesota Twins a 5-4 win over the Boston Red Sox before 15,964 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

After a Jack Aker pitch hit Detroit's Jim Northrup on the batting helmet in the 6th inning‚ a 15-minute fight erupted before 14,587 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Mr. Aker suffered five spike wounds on his right leg, a swollen lip, a cut forehead and a black eye in the brawl and was taken to hospital‚ while a woman in the stands suffered a broken cheekbone when hit by a ball thrown by a Detroit player, after he had been hit by a cup of beer. The Athletics won 7-6 when pinch hitter Rene Lachemann singled home pinch runner Catfish Hunter with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 3 runs in each of the 1st, 5th, and 9th innings to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 9-3 before 42,446 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Phillies opened the scoring when Tony Gonzalez and Johnny Callison led off with singles and Dick Allen followed with a 3-run home run. Woodie Fryman pitched a 10-hit complete game victory, not allowing an earned run.

Willie Stargell led off the top of the 8th inning with a double and scored on a single by Roberto Clemente to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 9-8 lead over the Cincinnati Reds before 9,672 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati, but after the Reds made a pitching change and Mr. Clemente stole second base, the game was called after a 54-minute rain delay, with the score reverting to the previous inning, wiping out the statistics in the 8th inning, ending the game in an 8-8 tie. The Pirates trailed 7-2 before scoring 6 runs in the 6th.

Don Drysdale tied a National League record with his fourth straight shutout as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the Houston Astros 5-0 before 21,493 fans at the Astrodome. It was Mr. Drysdale's 5th win of the year, all shutouts. He also drove in the first run of the game with a single in the 4th inning, and singled and scored the last run in the 9th.

30 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): How Deep is Your Love--Bee Gees (6th week at #1)

Diplomacy
At the United Nations General Assembly special session on disarmament, Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko responded to U.S. Vice President Walter Mondale, saying that the U.S.S.R. was prepared to discuss "substantial" nuclear arms reductions when the SALT II treaty was concluded.

Politics and government
The elections board of the Dominican Republic declared official the results of the May 16 elections, which sent President Joaquin Balaguer down to defeat. Mr. Balaguer and the army, under pressure from the United States, promised to respect the results.

Journalism
It was disclosed that Egyptian President Anwar Sadat had called home 30 Egyptian journalists living abroad to face charges that they had been working "against the national objectives of the Egyptian people."

Abominations
Legalized casino gambling began in Atlantic City, New Jersey, the U.S.A.’s first legal casino outside of Nevada.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals traded pitcher Eric Rasmussen to the San Diego Padres for outfielder George Hendrick. Mr. Rasmussen was 2-5 with an earned run average of 4.20 in 10 games with the Cardinals in 1978, while Mr. Hendrick was batting .243 with 3 home runs and 8 runs batted in in 33 games with the Padres in 1978.

Pinch hitter Jim Spencer hit a grand slam with 1 out in the bottom of the 7th inning to provide the New York Yankees with all their runs as they edged the Toronto Blue Jays 4-3 before 24,171 fans at Yankee Stadium. John Mayberry hit a pair of solo homers for the Blue Jays.

Dwight Evans hit a pair of home runs and Jim Rice hit his 16th homer of the season to lead the Boston Red Sox to a 6-3 win over the Detroit Tigers before 33,431 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Bill Lee went all the way for his 7th win of the year‚ and his 91st as a Red Sox.

Larry Parrish led off the top of the 7th inning with a home run to open the scoring, but Manny Sanguillen responded with a 2-run homer in the bottom of the inning as the Pittsburgh Pirates edged the Montreal Expos 2-1 before 8,816 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. John Candelaria allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 7 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Steve Rogers, who pitched a 4-hit complete game.

Silvio Martinez‚ making his last start for the Springfield Redbirds of the AAA American Association before joining the St. Louis Cardinals‚ pitched a no-hitter to beat the Omaha Royals 4-0.

25 years ago
1983

World events

U.S. President Ronald Reagan said that the previous day’s killing of Lt. Cdr. Albert Schaufelberger, deputy commander of the U.S. Military Group, would not deter the U.S. from supporting the Salvadoran government against leftist guerrillas.

Society
Margaret Bush Wilson, chairman of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), reversed her decision of six days earlier, and reinstated Benjamin Hooks as the NAACP’s executive director. The reversal was apparently made under pressure from other directors.

Disasters
An earthquake and tidal wave on the western coast of Honshu, in Japan, killed at least 81 people. The quake measured 7.7 on the Richter scale.

20 years ago
1988


#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Eloise--Tino Casal (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Got to Be Certain--Kylie Minogue

War
The Sandanista government of Nicaragua and the Contra rebels began three days of meetings in Managua. The Contras proposed to lay down their arms if the Sandanistas would declare a general amnesty, remove the police and army from Sandanista control, establish an independent judiciary, guarantee free speech, permit non-governmental television channels, and help prepare for a constituent assembly.

Defense
A condition supported by United States Senate Majority Leader Robert Byrd (Democrat--West Virginia) was attached to the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty. The condition established a constitutional Senate authority over the treaty’s interpretation.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 3 @ Edmonton 6 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Wayne Gretzky's powerplay goal at 9:44 of the 2nd period gave the Oilers a 4-2 lead over the Bruins at Northlands Coliseum, and proved to be the winner as the Oilers won their fourth Stanley Cup championship in the past five years. It turned out to be Mr. Gretzky's last game in an Edmonton uniform after 10 years with the Oilers; he was traded to the Los Angeles Kings on August 9, 1988.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Detroit 115 @ Boston 119 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

10 years ago
1998

Diplomacy

In London, Emperor Akihito of Japan spoke of his "deep sorrow and pain" over the suffering inflicted by his country during World War II, but did not apologize for the treatment of prisoners of war. Earlier, former prisoners of war, angry over Japan’s refusal to offer a full apology and compensation for the suffering inflicted on them, had turned their backs on Emperor Akihito and whistled the wartime anthem Colonel Bogey as he rode with the Queen in a royal carriage down The Mall.

Society
The first "National Sorry Day" was held in Australia, and reconciliation events were held nationally, and attended by over a million people.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Ellis Island - historic gateway for millions of immigrants - was mainly in New Jersey, not New York.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference
Finals
Detroit 1 @ Dallas 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

May 25, 2008

270 years ago
1738


War
King George II negotiated a cease-fire between Pennsylvania and Maryland, ending the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners. Hostilities between the two British colonies had begun in 1730.

150 years ago
1858

Born on this date
Tip O'Neill
. Canadian baseball player. Mr. O’Neill, a native of Woodstock, Ontario, played for four major league teams in three leagues from 1883-1892, batting .326 in 1,054 career games. His best season was 1887 with the St. Louis Browns of the American Association, when he led the league in batting (.435); slugging (.691); hits (225); runs (167); doubles (52); and tied with five others for the lead in triples (19). The Browns won four straight AA pennants from 1885-1888 with Mr. O’Neill as their left fielder. As a pitcher, he had a career record of 16 wins and 16 losses. Tip O’Neill died in Montreal on December 31, 1915 at the age of 57.

140 years ago
1878


Canadiana
Albert James Smith of Dorchester became the first native-born New Brunswicker to be knighted by a British monarch.

80 years ago
1928


Died on this date
H.C. Doyle, 35
. U.S. aviator and radio manufacturer. Mr. Doyle was killed in a plane crash near Mineola, New York.

Aviation
Captain Emilio Carranza completed the third-longest nonstop solo flight to date, from San Diego, California to Mexico City, covering the 1,575 miles in 18 1/2 hours.

Law
The United States House of Representatives passed the bill to build Boulder Dam.

The House sustained President Calvin Coolidge’s veto of the bill providing for post roads through Indian lands in 11 states.

Scandal
Graft disclosures in the New York City Street Cleaning Department led mayor J.J. Walker to summon all department and bureau heads to City Hall and tell them to root out grafters or quit.

It was reported that the United States had collected over $2 million to date in back revenue taxes revealed by Teapot Dome and Continental Trading testimony.

Disasters
The Italian dirigible Italia, on its way back to Kings Bay, Spitzbergen, Norway from a visit to the North Pole, fell 1,500 feet in fog and crashed on an ice pack which tore away and crushed the cabin, killing the chief mechanic, Pommela, and injuring the engineer, Ceccioni, meteorologist Malmgren, and commander General Umberto Nobile. The balloon then reascended, carrying away six men, who were never heard from again. Mr. Malmgren died from exposure.

Eight men died in a gas explosion in a hard coal mine in North Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

70 years ago
1938


War
In the Spanish Civil War, the Italian Aviazione Legionaria bombed the city of Alicante, killing 313 civilians.

60 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Aunt Bessie

50 years ago
1958

On television tonight

Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Crocodile Case, starring Pat Hitchcock, Hazel Court, and Denholm Elliott

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: My Year is a Day--Les Irrésistibles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La bambola--Patty Pravo (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Delilah--Tom Jones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): A Man Without Love (Quando M’innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Tighten Up--Archie Bell & the Drells (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Lazy Sunday--Small Faces
2 Congratulations--Cliff Richard
3 Jumbo/The Singer Sang His Song--The Bee Gees
4 Il Est Cinq Heures, Paris S'éveille--Jacques Dutronc
5 If I Only Had Time--John Rowles
6 Delilah--Tom Jones
7 Wonder Boy--The Kinks
8 A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamora)--Engelbert Humperdinck
9 La Felicidad/Pa Wil Niet in Bad (La Felicidad)/Felicidad, de Roddel Van de Stad--Digno Garcia
--Johnny & Rijk
--Eddie Becker
10 Take Time to Know Her--Percy Sledge

Singles entering the chart were Man's Life by the Shoes (#28); I Can't Let Maggie Go by the Honeybus (#32); Ich Bau' dir ein Schloss by Heintje (#34); and Young Girl by the Union Gap (#36).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
2 Tighten Up--Archie Bell & the Drells
3 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
4 The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
5 Cowboys to Girls--The Intruders
6 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
7 Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day--Stevie Wonder
8 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
9 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
10 Do You Know the Way to San Jose--Dionne Warwick

Singles entering the chart were Choo Choo Train by the Box Tops (#65); You Don't Know What You Mean to Me by Sam & Dave (#70); Indian Lake by the Cowsills (#76); Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me by Tiny Tim (#78); Here I Am Baby by the Marvelettes (#89); Anyone for Tennis (The Savage Seven Theme) by Cream (#93); Climb Every Mountain by the Hesitations (#97); Please Stay by the Dave Clark Five (#99); and Lover's Holiday by Peggy Scott and Jo Jo Benson (#100). Anyone for Tennis (The Savage Seven Theme) was a version of the theme from the movie; the song was written by Cream, but performed by the American Revolution in the film.

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel (2nd week at #1)
2 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
3 The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
4 Tighten Up--Archie Bell & the Drells
5 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
6 Love is All Around--The Troggs
7 Cowboys to Girls--The Intruders
8 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
9 Do You Know the Way to San Jose--Dionne Warwick
10 U.S. Male--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were United by Peaches and Herb (#77); Choo Choo Train by the Box Tops (#81); Sky Pilot (Part One) by Eric Burdon and the Animals (#82); Indian Lake by the Cowsills (#83); It's Over by Eddy Arnold (#85); I Got You Babe by Etta James (#87); I'll Never Do You Wrong by Joe Tex (#88); Licking Stick - Licking Stick (Part 1) by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#90); My Shy Violet by the Mills Brothers (#94); Helule Helule by the Tremeloes (#98); The Look of Love by Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66 (#99); and Anyone for Tennis (The Savage Seven Theme) by Cream (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Louisiana Man--Bobbie Gentry
2 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
3 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
4 Delilah--Tom Jones
5 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
6 If I were a Carpenter--Four Tops
7 Do You Know the Way to San Jose--Dionne Warwick
8 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
9 Here's to You--Hamilton Camp
10 Red Red Wine--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were MacArthur Park by Richard Harris (#24); I Wanna Live by Glen Campbell (#26); Think by Aretha Franklin (#28); and Jelly Jungle (Of Orange Marmalade) by the Lemon Pipers (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Yummy, Yummy, Yummy--Ohio Express
2 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
3 Blue Bonnie Blue--The 49th Parallel
4 Goin' Away--The Fireballs
5 I Love You--People
6 Harlem Lady--The Witness, Inc.
7 Hey Girl/My Girl--Bobby Vee
8 Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)--Johnny Farnham
9 A Question of Temperature--Balloon Farm
10 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
Pick hit of the week: Delilah--Tom Jones

Protest
Three days of clashes between students and police in France concluded.

30 years ago
1978

World events

12 leftist politicians in Peru, who had called for a general strike after elections were postponed, were expelled to Argentina. Other leftist leaders went underground to avoid arrest.

French paratroopers began to withdraw from the Zairian town of Kolwezi, five days after completing the rescue of 2,500 Europeans who had been trapped there when fighting broke out between government troops and secessionist rebels. The French left only a token force in place.

War
Iraq was reported to have threatened to break diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union if the Soviets helped the Ethiopians against the Eritreans, who were being supported by Iraq in their attempt to secede from Ethiopia. It was also reported that Cuban dictator Fidel Castro was reluctant to commit Cuban troops to fight in Eritrea.

Diplomacy
French President Valery Giscard d’Estaing hinted to the United Nations General Assembly that France might not join the Geneva disarmament talks if those talks were not controlled by the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R.

U.S. National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski returned to Washington from a 5-day tour of China, Japan, and South Korea. In South Korea that day, his visit did not calm Korean fears of U.S. troop withdrawals, despite his assurances of continued U.S. support.

Scandal
Sanjay Gandhi, son of former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, was ordered to face trial for refusing to testify before the commission of inquiry investigating acts committed by him and his mother during Mrs. Gandhi’s emergency rule government in 1975.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 4 @ Boston 1 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Mario Tremblay scored goals in the 1st and 2nd periods, with his first goal, at 9:20 of the 1st period, proving to be the winner as the Canadiens overcame an early 1-0 deficit to defeat the Bruins at Boston Garden for their third consecutive Stanley Cup championship. The Bruins mustered just 16 shots on Montreal goalie Ken Dryden. It was the last game for Sam Pollock as general manager of the Canadiens, and his ninth Stanley Cup championship in that position.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Seattle 98 @ Washington 106 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

25 years ago
1983

Diplomacy

The United States Senate approved former Senator Richard Stone as the Reagan administration’s special envoy to Central America. That evening, Lt. Cdr. Albert Schaufelberger, deputy commander of the U.S. Military Group, became the first U.S. military adviser to die in El Salvador when he was shot and killed by gunmen who fired into his car while it was parked outside the University of Central America in San Salvador. The United States and El Salvador both began investigations.

Defense
The United States Senate voted 59-39 to free $625 million for development of the MX missile.

Disasters
A steamboat on the Nile River, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, caught fire when a cooking gas cylinder exploded. 200 or more died.

Baseball
In a 6-0 loss to the Atlanta Braves‚ Pittsburgh Pirates’ pitchers Jim Bibby and Jim Winn combined to walk 7 consecutive batters in the 3rd inning‚ tying the major league record set by the Washington Nationals’ Dolly Gray in 1909.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Only One Woman--Alien

On television tonight
St. Elsewhere, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Last One

As the title suggests, this was the last episode of the series, which was in its sixth season.

Died on this date
Ernst Ruska, 81
. German physicist. Dr. Ruska won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986 for his work in electron optics, including the design of the first electron microscope.

Diplomacy
Panamanian dictator General Manuel Noriega rejected an American proposal to drop indictments against him in the United States on drug charges if he would leave Panama. U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz was the chief advocate of dropping the indictments, arguing that the indictments were less important than getting Gen. Noriega out of Panama. The proposal drew criticism from ousted Panamanian President Eric Delvalle, as well as from people within the U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Dallas 101 @ Los Angeles Lakers 123 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-0)

10 years ago
1998


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Finals
Buffalo 2 @ Washington 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Todd Krygier scored at 3:01 of the 1st overtime period to give the Capitals their win over the Sabres at Verizon Center. Matthew Barnaby had tied the score for the Sabres with a powerplay goal with 57 seconds remaining in regulation time.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Chicago 94 @ Indiana 96 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Sunday, 25 May 2008

May 24, 2008

150 years ago
1858

Born on this date
Sam Barkley
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Barkley, an infielder, played for 5 teams in 6 seasons in the American Association from 1884-1889. His best season was his first, when he led the Toledo Blue Stockings with a .306 batting percentage. His career average was .258 in 582 games.

110 years ago
1898

Baseball

The highest run total of the season was scored in a 15-13 Baltimore Oriole defeat of the Chicago Orphans in Chicago. The pitchers yielded 36 hits‚ 10 walks‚ 2 wild pitches‚ and 3 hit batsmen. Pitcher Clark Griffith of Chicago‚ ejected from the game‚ spewed obscene language at umpire Tom Lynch‚ who threatened him with the Board of Discipline. Sporting Life noted "the only witness appears to be catcher [Frank] Bowerman of Baltimore‚ who is hardly likely to testify against Griffith."

90 years ago
1918


Died on this date
Ralph Sharman, 23
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Sharman, an outfielder, hit .297 in 13 games with the Philadelphia Athletics in September 1917. He was on an outing while training in the U.S. Army when he drowned while swimming in the Alabama River.

Abominations
Federal voting rights were granted to women throughout Canada.

Baseball
Stan Coveleski of the Cleveland Indians pitched a 19-inning complete game to defeat the New York Yankees 3-2. Former pitcher, now outfielder Smoky Joe Wood hit a home run, his second of the game, for the win.

80 years ago
1928


Opera
At the Canadian Folk Song and Handicraft Festival in Quebec City, singers presented Le jeu de Robin et Marion, a 13th Century comic opera written by the Trouvere Adam de la Halle. The opera, probably the first ever written, had been produced only once before in 300 years (at Arras, France in 1896).

Aviation
The Italian dirigible Italia reached the North Pole at 12:20 A.M., cruised around there for an hour, and started back for Spitzbergen, Norway. At the Pole, Gen. Umberto Nobile, the airship’s commander, dropped Italian and Milanese flags, as well as a cross blessed by Pope Pius XI. He then sent radiograms to Italian King Victor Emmanuel III, to Premier Benito Mussolini, and to Mrs. Nobile. The cross, which was six feet high with a metal base, had a repository in which was placed a message written in Latin by Pope Pius.

Business
The Consolidation Coal Company, controlled by John D. Rockefeller, Jr., announced that it was shutting down 10 mines, four in the Comerset coal fields of Pennsylvania, and six in the Fairmont field in West Virginia. Chairman R.C. Hill said, "About 2,500, or 20%, of the men in the two fields affected are being put out of work. But this means that for the remaining 80%, far better conditions will exist." Other soft coal mines were to follow suit. Labour officials were quoted in favour of the plan.

Disasters
Lightning killed eight women planting trees in a forest near Landsberg, Germany.

Baseball
In the first game of a doubleheader at Shibe Park in Philadelphia, a record 12 Hall of Famers played in the New York Yankees’ 9-7 victory over the Athletics. This number does not include non-playing Hall of Famers Herb Pennock and Stan Coveleski, managers Miller Huggins and Connie Mack, nor umpire Tom Connolly.

75 years ago
1933


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Singular Affair of the Aluminum Crutch

Baseball
Tommy Bridges of the Detroit Tigers tossed a 1-hitter in topping the Washington Nationals 3-1. Joe Kuhel's home run was the only Washington hit. It was the first time in American League history that a pitcher had allowed a home run in a 1-hitter.

50 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Catch a Falling Star--Perry Como (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): March from the River Kwai and Colonel Bogey--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Hello, le soleil brille--Annie Cordy (11th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Who's Sorry Now--Connie Francis (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 All I Have to Do is Dream--The Everly Brothers (2nd week at #1)
2 Witch Doctor--David Seville
3 Twilight Time--The Platters
4 Return to Me--Dean Martin
5 Wear My Ring Around Your Neck--Elvis Presley
6 He's Got the Whole World (In His Hands)--Laurie London
7 Chanson d'Amour--Art and Dotty Todd
8 Big Man--The Four Preps
9 Sugar Moon--Pat Boone
10 Looking Back--Nat "King" Cole

Singles entering the chart were Leroy by Jack Scott (#46); Cha-Hua-Hua, with versions by the Pets; Eddie Platt and his Orchestra; and Hugo and Luigi (#51); Don't Go Home by the Playmates (#53); Bewitched by the Betty Smith Group (#56); What am I Living For by Chuck Willis (#58); Big Name Button by the Royal Teens (#59); I Know Where I'm Goin' by George Hamilton IV (#60); and Little Pixie by the Moe Koffman Quartette (also #60).

Baseball
The Detroit Tigers snapped a nine-game losing streak and broke the New York Yankees' 10-game winning streak with a 3-2 win behind Frank Lary, who improved his career record against the Yankees to 11-4.

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): The Legend of Xanadu--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich (4th week at #1)

Edmonton’s top 10 (CJCA)
1 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill (2nd week at #1)
2 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
3 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
4 Delilah--Tom Jones
5 I Wanna Live--Glen Campbell
6 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
7 Love is All Around--The Troggs
8 Me, the Peaceful Heart--Lulu
9 The Unknown Soldier--The Doors
10 Mony, Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
Pick Hit of the Week: Hey Girl/My Girl--Bobby Vee
New this week: MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
Here Comes the Judge--Shorty Long
Stoned Soul Picnic--The 5th Dimension
Lydia Purple--The Collectors

The Collectors were from Vancouver, British Columbia, and achieved their greatest success after changing their name to Chilliwack in 1970.

World events
French President Charles de Gaulle delivered a national radio address, appealing for a return to law and order. He announced that he would submit a program of broad reform to the people through a referendum in June, and added that he would resign if his "mandate for renewal" should be turned down. Meanwhile, farmers in southwest France staged a protest, demanding price supports and subsidies. Banks closed and tax collectors walked off the job. More than half of France’s 19 million workers were on strike.

Disasters
14 were drowned when a ferry sank in the Yellow Sea off Kunsan, South Korea.

Boxing
Bob Foster (30-4) knocked out Dick Tiger (57-18-3) at 2:05 of the 4th round at Madison Square Garden in New York to win the world light heavyweight title.



30 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

Divorced on this date
Princess Margaret of Britain and her husband of 18 years, the Earl of Snowden, were divorced in London. The uncontested divorce was granted on grounds that "the marriage was irretrievably broken down."

War
A week after a French-Palestinian clash, Palestinian Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat agreed to keep guerrillas out of southern Lebanon.

Diplomacy
The Chinese government accused the government of Vietnam of abusing and expelling 70,000 Chinese residents.

Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev concluded his two-day visit to Japan.

U.S. Vice President Walter Mondale addressed the United Nations General Assembly session on disarmament, criticizing the U.S.S.R. for its deployments in Europe and the Indian Ocean. Many diplomats felt that President Jimmy Carter’s absence showed that the U.S.A. gave priority to direct arms talks with the Soviet Union over disarmament talks in a U.N. context.

Crime
A Los Angeles jury acquitted two American Indian activists charged with the robbery and murder of a taxi driver in 1974. The trial and pre-trial hearings had lasted 3 ½ years and cost $1.25 million. Leaders of the American Indian Movement had claimed that Paul Skyhorse and Richard Mohawk were being prosecuted because of their political activities.

Baseball
In a Florida State League game‚ the Tampa Tarpons pushed 18 runs across the plate in the 4th inning of a 20-2 win over Daytona Beach. The bizarre frame‚ which lasted over an hour‚ featured 9 hits‚ 6 walks‚ 3 errors‚ 3 wild pitches‚ 2 passed balls‚ and an obstruction call. 15 runs scored before the inning's first out was recorded.

25 years ago
1983

Health

Edward Brandt, Jr., an assistant secretary of Health and Human Services, announced that the United States government had assigned the "No. 1 priority" to finding the cause of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Some 1,500 cases of the disease had been reported within the past three years at an increasing rate. Mr. Brandt said that the department’s investigation had found that AIDS was spread "almost entirely through sexual contact, through the sharing of needles by drug abusers, and less commonly, through blood and/or blood products."

Most of the victims of AIDS, which has a high mortality rate, had been homosexual or bisexual males. Intravenous drug users, Haitian immigrants, and people suffering from hemophilia had also contracted the disease. Mr. Brandt announced that grants had been made for the search for an effective treatment and for means of prevention. The government’s action came after alarm was reported not only among the affected groups, but also among the general population as fears grew that AIDS might spread.

World events
South Africa claimed that bombs dropped by her fighter planes on alleged "terrorist camps" in Mozambique the day before had killed 64 people, mostly guerrillas.

Defense
The United States House of Representatives voted 239-186 to free $625 million for development of the MX missile.

Law
The United States Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that the Internal Revenue Service could deny tax exemptions to private schools that practiced racial discrimination. Although the tax code provided exemptions for non-profit "religious, charitable or educational" institutions, the IRS had begun to make exceptions for institutions that diverged from public policy on racial equality. The IRS was then challenged by Bob Jones University in Greenville, South Carolina, and Goldsboro (North Carolina) Christian Schools. Both embraced religious views and had barred blacks from admission, although the university had relaxed its admissions policy in 1971.

The Supreme Court decision upheld a 1981 appeals court decision. Writing for the majority, Chief Justice Warren Burger asserted that "racial discrimination in education violates deeply and widely held accepted views of elementary justice." He noted that the Court and Congress had on many occasions affirmed its opposition to racial segregation and discrimination in education, and rejected arguments by the schools that the IRS had exceeded its authority and that the First Amendment protected the right of schools to freely practice their religion. Civil rights groups praised the court’s ruling, but Bob Jones III, president of the university, deplored "the death of religious freedom." The court’s decision does seem suspicious in light of the fact that the discriminatory practice indulged in by BJU which prompted the loss of tax-exempt status was a ban on interracial dating, which, as far as I can tell, has nothing to do with education. In recent years BJU has lifted the ban on interracial dating. However, if the ban was motivated in the first place by BJU’s reading of scripture, what right did they have to change the policy? The fact that they changed the policy as a result of criticism from the world just shows that BJU’s behaviour wasn’t motivated by obedience to God, but by racial and cultural prejudice.

20 years ago
1988


Politics and government
In the contest for the U.S. presidential nominations, Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis won the Democratic Party primary in Idaho.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan nominated two men to fill key vacancies in the Justice Department.

Economics and finance
President Reagan vetoed the trade bill and asked Congress to pass a new bill. His chief objection was to a provision requiring that workers get 60 days’ notice of layoffs or plant closings as the "humane thing to do." The House of Representatives voted 308-113 to override the veto. Republican Senator John Danforth of Missouri said that the veto would not be helpful to the Republican Party.

Society
Section 28 of the United Kingdom's Local Government Act 1988, a controversial amendment stating that a local authority cannot intentionally promote homosexuality, was enacted.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Edmonton 3 @ Boston 3 (game called in 2nd period, power failure) (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Glen Wesley scored shorthanded and powerplay goals within a span of 1 minute 25 seconds in the 2nd period to give the Bruins a 3-2 lead, but Craig Simpson scored a powerplay goal for the Oilers with 3:23 remaining in the 2nd period to tie the score. At that moment, the power went out at Boston Garden, and didn't come back on. Power was not restored, and everyone went home. The National Hockey League ruled that game 4 was to be replayed in its entirety in Edmonton, with the Oilers leading the series 3 games to 0. All statistics from the aborted 4th game counted.



10 years ago
1998


Auto racing
Eddie Cheever won the Indianapolis 500 in a time of 3:26:40.524, with an average speed of 145.155 miles per hour. Buddy Lazier, the 1996 winner, finished second. It was a beautiful, sunny day at the speedway.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference
Finals
Detroit 2 @ Dallas 0 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Utah 96 @ Los Angeles Lakers 92 (Utah won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Baseball
The San Francisco Giants scored 3 runs in the top of the 17th inning to break a 6-6 tie and take a 9-6 decision from the St. Louis Cardinals at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Center fielder Willie McGee got 4 hits for St. Louis, and Cardinals’ first baseman Mark McGwire hit his 24th home run of the season.

May 23, 2008

510 years ago
1498

Died on this date
Girolamo Savonarola, 45
. Italian cleric and politician. Mr. Savonarola, the ruler of Florence from 1494-1498, was known for his criticism of the immorality and corruption of the Roman Catholic clergy (including Pope Alexander VI), although he was a devout Catholic himself. He was also famous for burning books, and destruction of what he regarded as immoral art. The most notorious of these public events, in 1497, became known as the Bonfire of the Vanities. Mr. Savonarola was publicly hanged, just over a year after being excommunicated by Pope Alexander VI.

225 years ago
1783

Died on this date
James Otis, Jr., 58
. U.S. lawyer and patriot. Mr. Otis was a lawyer in colonial Massachusetts who was an early advocate of the political views that led to the American Revolution. The phrase "Taxation without representation is tyranny" is usually attributed to him.

140 years ago
1868

Baseball

In a battle of the top two Cincinnati teams‚ the Red Stockings cut down the Buckeyes 28-10. Asa Brainard‚ from the Excelsior Club‚ made his first appearance with the Red Stockings, as a number of players had changed teams that year. Those who did so while having a valid contract with their original team were called "revolvers."

110 years ago
1898

Baseball

The Eastern League‚ struggling to stay alive‚ cut all rosters to 15 players.

90 years ago
1918

Baseball

The New York Giants defeated the Cardinals 6-4 at League Park in St. Louis‚ no thanks to outfielder Benny Kauff, who tied a major league record by striking out 5 times.

80 years ago
1928

Aviation

The Italian dirigible Italia, commanded by General Umberto Nobile, left Kings Bay, Spitzbergen, Norway, at 4:35 A.M., bound for the North Pole.

Law
U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signed the Jones-White Merchant Marine bill that provided for a $250,000 ship construction loan fund to encourage private shipping, and also for liberal long-term mail contracts.

President Coolidge vetoed the McNary-Haugen Farm Relief bill, calling it unworkable, with vicious provisions, and written to deceive the farmers for political purposes. Attorney General John Sargent had pronounced it unconstitutional.

Crime
Robbers in Lamar, Colorado killed A.N. Parrish, president of a bank, and stole $20,000. They kidnapped teller E.A. Kessinger and Dr. W.W. Wineinger of Dighton. The robbers killed mr. Kessinger near Oakley, Kansas.

A bomb was exploded at the Italian consulate at Buenos Aires, killing 6 and injuring 34.

A bomb blew up a cloakroom in the Chamber of Deputies in Mexico City, with no casualties.

Baseball
Jack Slattery quit as manager of the last place Boston Braves. Owner William Fuchs announced that "after much persuasion," second baseman Rogers Hornsby had consented to take over as manager.

Cleveland Indians’ left fielder Charlie Jamieson started a triple play against the Chicago White Sox in a 4-3 loss. Today's triple play occurred when Bud Clancy was out on a short fly to Mr. Jamieson‚ who then threw out Johnny Mann‚ the runner on third who tried to score. The relay from catcher Ray Sewell to his brother Joe at second caught Ray Schalk off base‚ and he was tagged at third base. Mr. Jamieson started another triple play against the New York Yankees on June 9.

70 years ago
1938

Died on this date
Philip Kleintjes, 70
. Dutch politician. Mr. Kleintjes, a republican, was known as the "people’s rights" leader in the Netherlands.

60 years ago
1948

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes on MBS, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley
Tonight’s episode: The Case of the Accommodating Valise

Baseball
The New York Yankees and Cleveland Indians played a doubleheader in Cleveland before a Municipal Stadium record crowd of 78,431. Joe DiMaggio was the star of the first game. After singling in his first at bat, Joltin’ Joe followed with a 2-run home run in the 4th inning, a 3-run homer in the 6th (both off Indians’ starting pitcher Bob Feller), and a solo home run in the 8th (off relief pitcher Bob Muncrief). Joe Page preserved a 6-5 win for the Yankees by striking out the last two Cleveland batters on six pitches after the Indians loaded the bases in the 9th inning. Allie Reynolds won his sixth game of the season for the Yankees; for Mr. Feller, it was his third loss. The Yankees overcame a 4-run deficit for the win. The Indians easily won the second game 5-1, as Mr. DiMaggio went hitless.

50 years ago
1958

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Who's Sorry Now--Connie Francis (2nd week at #1)

Basketball
Wilt Chamberlain, the All-America center from the University of Kansas, announced that he was giving up his senior year of eligibility to turn professional as a member of the Harlem Globetrotters.

40 years ago
1968

Protest

New clashes began between police and students in France.

Politics and government
A bipartisan ad hoc committee of U.S. Congressmen was formed to help people associated with the "poor people’s march" in Washington to present their demands. U.S. Agriculture Secretary Orville Freeman promised Rev. Ralph Abernathy, leader of the march, that he would enlarge his department’s food distribution program.

Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Sonny Liston (41-3) knocked out Billy Joiner (9-4-3) in 7 rounds at Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles.

30 years ago
1978


Law
The Supreme Court of the United States ruled 8-1 that judges and juries should not consider the possible reactions of children when deciding whether material was obscene in terms of "contemporary community standards."

A city ordinance prohibiting discrimination in housing, employment, and public accommodation on the basis of sexual or affectional preference was repealed in a referendum in Eugene, Oregon.

Diplomacy
A special five-week United Nations General Assembly session on disarmament opened.

The annual Franco-African summit in Paris concluded with the endorsement by African leaders, including Zaire’s Mobutu Sese Seko, of the rescue of Europeans from the Zairian town of Kolwezi by French and Belgian troops several days earlier.

Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev began a two-day visit to Japan. He briefed Japanese officials on his talks in Peking (Beijing) several days earlier, and told Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda that China was interested in resuming peace treaty talks, suspended since 1975, with Japan.

Politics and government
U.S. President Jimmy Carter reiterated his complaints about the constraints that Congress had placed on aid to friendly African nations. Speaking to a group of senators, he explained that because of the limits, the United States was not able to assist pro-western guerrillas fighting the 20,000 Cubans stationed in Angola.

Protest
Two days of clashes between police and protesters in 28 cities in Peru concluded with the reported deaths of 20 people.

Business
Major league baseball's American League approved the transfer of the Boston Red Sox to a group headed by Jean Yawkey‚ Buddy LeRoux‚ and Haywood Sullivan. The purchase price was $15 million. Mr. Sullivan had a 7-year catching career for the Red Sox and Royals‚ while Mr. LeRoux was the Boston trainer for 8 years.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 1 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The pathetic refereeing of Dave Newell was a major factor in the Canadiens’ win over the Bruins at the Montreal Forum.

Baseball
With the Oakland A’s leading the American League West Division (24-15)‚ manager Bobby Winkles resigned, and was replaced by Jack McKeon.

25 years ago
1983

World events

Members of the Palestinian Liberation Organization who were opposed to the leadership of Yasser Arafat vowed to "step up the armed struggle against the Zionist enemy." The rebels had organized themselves in Damascus after their leader, Col. Abu Masa, and four other officers, had been dismissed from their positions two days earlier. Mr. Arafat blamed the rebellion on Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi.

Terrorism
The African National Congress claimed responsibility for the car bomb in Pretoria three days earlier that killed 18 and injured 200 outside the headquarters of the South African air force. In retaliation, South African fighter planes bombed alleged "terrorist camps" in Matola, a suburb of Maputo, the capital of Mozambique. Mozambique reported that 2 women and 2 children were among 6 people killed.

Weather
Six days of tornadoes, storms, floods, and hail finished hitting the southern United States, especially the Gulf Coast. 32 people died and 11,000 were forced from their homes. One million acres of farmland were covered by water. 59 tornadoes were counted from May 18-23. Houston was one of the hardest hit areas.

20 years ago
1988

Law

The White House announced that boats would no longer be seized outside United States territorial waters just because small quantities of drugs were found on board.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Dallas 98 @ Los Angeles Lakers 113 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Baseball
Atlanta Braves’ manager Chuck Tanner was fired and replaced by Russ Nixon. The Braves were 12-27 under Mr. Tanner‚ last in the National League West Division.

Danny Tartabull of the Kansas City Royals, who had hit an inside-the-park home run against Bert Blyleven the previous October‚ did it again at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. However, the Minnesota Twins defeated the Royals 7-5.