Sunday, 25 March 2012

April 4, 2012

75 years ago
1937


Golf
Byron Nelson made up 6 strokes on the 12th and 13th holes to defeat Ralph Guldahl by 2 strokes at the Masters in Augusta, Georgia.

70 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Moonlight Cocktail--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 3 @ Toronto 2 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)

60 years ago
1952


On television tonight
Tales of Tomorrow, on ABC
Tonight's episode: And a Little Child, starring Adelaide Bean, Parker Fennelly, and Iris Mann

40 years ago
1972


Died on this date
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., 63
. U.S. clergyman and Congressman. A man of mixed racial ancestry, Mr. Powell followed his father into the clergy as a Baptist minister in Harlem, New York. A Democrat, he was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1945-1971. A prominent civil rights activist, Mr. Powell's later years in Congress were dogged by allegations of corruption.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State William Rogers announced that the United States had granted formal diplomatic recognition to Bangladesh.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator George McGovern of South Dakota won the Wisconsin primary for the 1972 Democratic party nomination for President of the United States, capturing 30% of the vote and 54 of the 67 delegates to the party’s national convention. Alabama Governor George Wallace finished second with 22% of the vote, followed by U.S. Senator Hubert Humphrey with 21%. Mr. Humphrey took the remaining 13 delegates. U.S. Senator Edmund Muskie (Maine) was next with 10%, followed by U.S. Senator Henry Jackson (Washington), 8%; New York Mayor John Lindsay, 7%; former U.S. Senator Eugene McCarthy (Minnesota), 1%; and Rep. Shirley Chisholm (New York), 1%. Mr. Lindsay promptly announced his withdrawal from the race. President Richard Nixon easily won the Republican primary, taking 97% of the vote.

30 years ago
1982


Environment
Mount St. Helens in western Washington erupted for the first time since 1980.

25 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Si può dare di più--Gianni Morandi, Enrico Ruggeri, Umberto Tozzi (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Final Countdown--Europe (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Respectable--Mel and Kim (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Respectable--Mel and Kim (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): With or Without You--U2

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Respectable--Mel and Kim (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Let it Be--Ferry Aid

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
2 Lean on Me--Club Nouveau
3 Tonight, Tonight, Tonight--Genesis
4 Let's Wait Awhile--Janet Jackson
5 Mandolin Rain--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
6 Come Go with Me--Expose
7 I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)--Aretha Franklin and George Michael
8 Somewhere Out There--Linda Ronstadt and James Ingram
9 Don't Dream it's Over--Crowded House
10 The Final Countdown--Europe

Singles entering the chart were I Know What I Like by Huey Lewis and the News (#62); Day-In Day-Out by David Bowie (#65); Lessons in Love by Level 42 (#79); Living in a Dream by Pseudo Echo (#84); Don't Give Up by Peter Gabriel and Kate Bush (#85); and Just to See Her by Smokey Robinson (#86).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship (2nd week at #1)
2 Somewhere Out There--Linda Ronstadt and James Ingram
3 Livin' on a Prayer--Bon Jovi
4 Touch Me (I Want Your Body)--Samantha Fox
5 The Final Countdown--Europe
6 Montego Bay--Amazulu
7 (You Gotta) Fight for Your Right (To Party!)--Beastie Boys
8 Lean on Me--Club Nouveau
9 At this Moment--Billy Vera and the Beaters
10 Will You Still Love Me?--Chicago

Singles entering the chart were La Isla Bonita by Madonna (#74); Day-In Day-Out by David Bowie (#81); Big Love by Fleetwood Mac (#83); First We Take Manhattan by Jennifer Warnes (#92); Stone Love by Kool & The Gang (#94); How Many Lies by Spandau Ballet (#96); and As We Lay by Shirley Murdock (#97). Big Love was the first single to be released from the album Tango in the Night; the B-side, You and I Part 1, didn't appear on the album, but was one of the group's catchiest tunes.

20 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Marvellous!--The Twelfth Man featuring MC Hammer

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kanashimi hayuki no yoni--Shogo Hamada (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Human Touch---Bruce Springsteen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Human Touch---Bruce Springsteen (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I Can't Dance--Genesis

#1 single in France (SNEP): Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--George Michael/Elton John (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Stay--Shakespears Sister (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams
2 Remember the Time--Michael Jackson
3 I Can't Dance--Genesis
4 Masterpiece--Atlantic Starr
5 Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton
6 To Be with You--Mr. Big
7 Make it Happen--Mariah Carey
8 Justified & Ancient--The KLF (featuring Tammy Wynette)
9 Thinkin' Back--Color Me Badd
10 Good for Me--Amy Grant

Singles entering the chart included Will You Marry Me? by Paula Abdul (#80) and Just Another Day by Jon Secada (#85).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 To Be with You--Mr. Big (5th week at #1)
2 Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton
3 Hazard--Richard Marx
4 Thought I'd Died and Gone to Heaven--Bryan Adams
5 Remember the Time--Michael Jackson
6 I Can't Dance--Genesis
7 Good for Me--Amy Grant
8 Justified & Ancient--The KLF (featuring Tammy Wynette)
9 Human Touch--Bruce Springsteen
10 Again Tonight--John Mellencamp

Singles entering the chart included Help Me Up by Eric Clapton (#74); Will You Marry Me by Paula Abdul (#84); Makin' Some Noise by Tom Petty (#88); Find the Wall by Kim Mitchell (#92); Hail Hail Rock 'N Roll by Garland Jeffreys (#93); Wishes by the Boomers (#94); and Jesus He Knows Me by Genesis (#95).

Died on this date
Samuel Reshevsky, 80
. Polish-born U.S. chess player. Mr. Reshevsky, a Grandmaster, won the United States championship seven times and was a leading contender for the world championship from the 1930s to the 1960s.

War
1,200 United Nations peacekeeping troops arrived in Croatia.

10 years ago
2002


War
The Israeli army completed its takeover of the West Bank when its tanks rolled into Hebron. U.S. President George W. Bush demanded that Israel withdraw from the West Bank.

Military leaders of the government of Angola and the rebel force UNITA signed a cease-fire agreement.

Terrorism
A synagogue in the Paris suburb of Le Kremlin-Bicetre was fire-bombed.

Business
The disgraced accounting firm of Arthur Andersen announced that it had reached an agreement to sell most of its tax business to Deloitte & Touche.

April 3, 2012

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Evgeniya!

175 years ago
1837


Born on this date
John Burroughs
. U.S. author. Mr. Burroughs was noted for his works on nature, including Birds and Poets (1877); Locusts and Wild Honey (1879); Signs and Seasons (1886); and Ways of Nature (1905). He died on March 29, 1921 at the age of 83.

130 years ago
1882


Died on this date
Jesse James, 34
. U.S. outlaw. A native of Kearney, Missouri, Mr. James, his brother Frank, and their gang were notorious bank and train robbers in the midwestern United States. Jesse James was shot in the back by Robert Ford, who had recently joined the gang and anticipated a huge reward.

50 years ago
1962


Died on this date
Benny “Kid” Paret, 25. Cuban boxer. World welterweight champion, 1960-1961; 1961-1962. Mr. Paret began his professional boxing career in his native Cuba in 1954, moving to the United States in 1958. On May 27, 1960, he won a 15-round unanimous decision over Don Jordan at the Las Vegas Convention Center to win the world welterweight title. After one successful defense of his title and several non-title bouts against heavier opponents, Mr. Paret lost the title when he was knocked out in the 13th round by Emile Griffith at Convention Hall in Maimi Beach, Florida on April 1, 1961. Mr. Paret regained the belt from Mr. Griffith by a split decision at Madison Square Garden in New York on September 30, 1961, and met Mr. Griffith in a rematch for the title in Madison Square Garden on March 24, 1962. Mr. Griffith was well ahead on points after 11 rounds, and then unleashed a savage beating upon Mr. Paret in the 12th round. As referee Ruby Goldstein declined to intervene, Mr. Paret slumped to the floor unconscious, no longer welterweight champion. He was taken to Roosevelt Hospital, where he went into a coma and never came out. His career record as a professional boxer was 32-12-3.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 2 @ New York 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Montreal 3 @ Chicago 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Rod Gilbert, playing just his third NHL game, scored the game's first two goals and assisted on the winner by Dave Balon with 5:57 remaining in regulation time at Madison Square Garden.

The Black Hawks scored 3 goals in the 3rd period to defeat the Canadiens at Chicago Stadium. Ab McDonald scored 2 of the third period goals, while Bill Hay scored the winner.

40 years ago
1972


Died on this date
Ferde Grofe, 80
. U.S. pianist, arranger, and composer. Mr. Grofe trained as a pianist and violinist and joined Paul Whiteman’s orchestra in 1917 as a pianist. From 1920-1932 he was employed by Mr. Whiteman as pianist, assistant conductor, orchestrator, and librarian. Mr. Grofe moved to the National Broadcasting Company as staff conductor in 1932, and joined the faculty of the Juilliard School in 1939. His best-known composition, Grand Canyon Suite, was first performed by Mr. Whiteman and his orchestra on November 22, 1931 at the Studebaker Theater in Chicago. Mr. Grofe’s other compositions included Mississippi Suite (1926); Tabloid Suite (1932); Hollywood Suite (1935); Death Valley Suite (1949); Hudson River Suite (1955); and Niagara Falls Suite (1961). He died after a series of heart attacks.

30 years ago
1982


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Seven Tears--Goombay Dance Band (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A.: (Billboard): I Love Rock and Roll--Joan Jett and the Blackhearts (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That Girl--Stevie Wonder
2 I Love Rock 'N' Roll--Joan Jett and the Blackhearts
3 We Got the Beat--Go-Go's
4 Centerfold--J. Geils Band
5 Make a Move on Me--Olivia Newton-John
6 Open Arms--Journey
7 Titles--Vangelis
8 Freeze Frame/Flamethrower--J. Geils Band
9 Key Largo--Bertie Higgins
10 Pac-Man Fever--Buckner & Garcia

Singles entering the chart were Man on Your Mind by Little River Band (#68); Run for the Roses by Dan Fogelberg (#71); When He Shines by Sheena Easton (#77); Without You by Franke and the Knockouts (#80); My Girl by Donnie Iris (#83); It's Gonna Take a Miracle by Deniece Williams (#84); Finally by T.G. Sheppard (#86); Wake Up Little Susie by Simon and Garfunkel (#87); Loving You by Chris Rea (#88); You Sure Fooled Me by John Hall Band (#89); Just to Satisfy You by Waylon & Willie (#90); and Circles by Atlantic Starr (#94). Wake Up Little Susie and the B-side, Me and Julio Down by the Schoolyard, were recorded live at Central Park in New York City on September 19, 1981. Waylon & Willie were Waylon Jennings and Willie Nelson.

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 I Love Rock and Roll--Joan Jett and the Blackhearts (3rd week at #1)
2 Open Arms--Journey
3 Tainted Love--Soft Cell
4 Make a Move on Me--Olivia Newton-John
5 Pretty Woman--Van Halen
6 We Got the Beat--Go-Go's
7 Don't You Want Me--The Human League
8 Freeze Frame--J. Geils Band
9 Tonight I'm Yours--Rod Stewart
10 Centerfold--J. Geils Band

Singles entering the chart were One Hundred Ways by Quincy Jones featuring James Ingram (#45); Senses Working Overtime by XTC (#47); and Baby Makes her Blue Jeans Talk by Dr. Hook (#49).

Died on this date
Warren Oates, 53
. U.S. actor. Mr. Oates was a character actor who made many appearances in television shows from the 1960s until his death, and appeared in such movies as Ride the High Country (1962); In the Heat of the Night (1967); The Wild Bunch (1969); Two-Lane Blacktop (1971); Badlands (1973); and Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974).

War
Argentine forces overran the last British military unit on the Falkland Islands, a small contingent of marines on the South Georgia Islands. Three Argentine soldiers were killed in the battle. British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher ordered a large naval task force to sail to the Falkland Islands, and announced that Argentina’s financial assets in the U.K.—a sum of approximately $1.5 billion in gold, securities, and currency deposits—would be frozen. New export credits to Argentina were also cancelled.

Disasters
Unconfirmed reports pegged the death toll at up to 1,000 people from the eruption of the volcano El Chichon, 420 miles southeast of Mexico City. As many as 200,000 had fled their villages.

25 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Stay--Pierre Cosso & Bonnie Bianco (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
On the third day of his visit to Santiago, Chile, Pope John Paul II met with 19 opposition leaders who pledged to use peaceful means to restore democracy in Chile. The pope had met with President Augusto Pinochet two days earlier. That night, the pope conducted an outdoor mass for one million people. Youths who opposed the government set bonfires and stoned police, who responded with water cannons and tear gas. Pope John Paul continued the service, while stating, “We will not tire of repeating everywhere that violence is not Christian.”

Popular culture
The late Duchess of Windsor's jewellery sold for £31 million (US$50 million) at an auction in Switzerland.

20 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Das Boot--U96 (11th week at #1)

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that unemployment remained at 7.3% in March.

10 years ago
2002


Died on this date
Roy Huggins, 87
. U.S. television producer. Mr. Huggins created such series as Maverick (1957-1962); 77 Sunset Strip (1958-1964); The Fugitive (1963-1967); and The Rockford Files (1974-1980).

War
The Israeli army occupied Nablus, giving the army control of every major centre in the West Bank except Hebron.

Terrorism
A synagogue in Antwerp, Belgium was fire-bombed, several days after the same thing had happened to a synagogue in Brussels.

April 2, 2012

220 years ago
1792


Economics and finance
The United States Congress authorized the first U.S. Mint, in Philadelphia.

100 years ago
1912


Transportation
The British White Star ocean liner RMS Titanic sailed from Harland and Wolff’s shipyard in Belfast, Ireland to Southampton, England.

80 years ago
1932


Crime
Aviator Charles Lindbergh paid a $50,000 ransom for the return of his infant son, Charles Lindbergh, Jr., kidnapped from his home on March 1, 1932.

60 years ago
1952


On television tonight
The Unexpected, hosted by Herbert Marshall, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Slide Rule Blonde, starring Marjorie Reynolds, Craig Stevens, Nestor Paiva, and Johnny Downs

50 years ago
1962


On television tonight
Thriller, hosted by Boris Karloff, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Man of Mystery, starring Mary Tyler Moore, Jon Van Dreelen, William Windom, and Walter Burke

40 years ago
1972


Died on this date
Franz Halder, 87
. German military leader. General Halder was the architect of the 1939 Nazi blitzkrieg that enabled the Germans to enjoy early success in World War II. He was interned in a concentration camp for taking part in the attempted assassination of German dictator Adolf Hitler in July 1944.

Gil Hodges, 47. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. Hodges played first base for the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers in 1943 and from 1947-1961, and the New York Mets in 1962-1963. In 2,071 games he batted .273 with 370 home runs and 1,274 runs batted in. He batted in more than 100 runs in each of seven consecutive seasons from 1949-1955, and tied a major league record with 4 home runs in one game on August 31, 1950. Early in the 1963 season Mr. Hodges was traded to the Washington Senators, where he promptly retired as a player and became the team’s manager. The Senators slowly improved their record with each succeeding season through 1967, after which Mr. Hodges returned to New York to manage the Mets. The team finished 9th in the 10-team National League in 1968, but surprised the baseball world by winning the World Series in 1969. Winning records followed in the next two years, with more of the same expected for 1972. The major league
players went on strike during spring training on March 31, and Mr. Hodges was returning to his motel room in West Palm Beach, Florida from a round of golf with several friends when he dropped dead of a heart attack two days before his 48th birthday.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 @ Boston 6
Buffalo 3 @ Philadelphia 2

The Bruins’ win over the Maple Leafs at Boston Garden was the regular Sunday night broadcast on CBC radio. Ron Jones and Terry O’Reilly each played his first NHL game for the Bruins, and Mr. O’Reilly scored a goal. Gerry Meehan scored with 4 seconds remaining in the game—and the season—to give the Sabres their win over the Flyers at the Spectrum, eliminating the Flyers from the playoffs. Philadelphia and Pittsburgh finished tied for the fourth and final playoff spot in the West Division, but the Penguins had the better record in games between the teams.

30 years ago
1982


War
Argentina’s governing junta announced that army, navy, and air force units had captured the Falkland Islands. Several thousand Argentine troops easily overpowered the token defense force of 84 British marines. Also captured were the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, part of the British archipelago.

Politics and government
Roberto d’Aubisson, leader of the Nationalist Republican Alliance in El Salvador, announced that he was planning to merge his party with the centrist Christian Democratic Party. He said, however, that he was opposed to retaining Jose Napoleon Duarte of the Christian Democrats as El Salvador’s president.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate had risen to 9% in March. Nearly 9.9 million people were out of work, the highest figure since World War II. The unemployment rate for Negroes was a record 18%, and the rate for adult males, 7.9%, tied a record.

25 years ago
1987


Died on this date
Buddy Rich, 69
. U.S. musician. Mr. Rich was known as the world’s greatest drummer.

20 years ago
1992


Politics and government
France’s first female Premier, Edith Cresson, resigned after 11 months in office. Her popularity had declined in the wake of financial scandals and a high unemployment rate, and her Socialist Party had done poorly in regional elections. President Francois Mitterand named Finance Minister Pierre Beregovoy to succeed Ms. Cresson.

Protest
Libyan demonstrators in Tripoli attacked the embassies of countries that had approved United Nations sanctions against Libya. The sanctions, aimed at forcing Libya to hand over two men suspected of terrorist bombings of two airliners in the late 1980s, were to take effect on April 15.

Crime
John Gotti, described by police and prosecutors as leader of the Gambino crime family, was convicted in U.S. District Court in Brooklyn of crimes that included murder, extortion, and obstruction of justice. A co-defendant, Frank Locascio, was convicted of racketeering and murder. Mr Gotti had been acquitted of other charges in three other trials, but former associate Salvatore Gravano testified to Mr. Gotti’s involvement in 10 murders, including the 1985 killing of Paul Castellano, reputed boss of the Gambino family at the time. Mr. Gravano, who admitted to involvement in 19 murders, was assured of no more than 20 years in prison as a result of his co-operation with the prosecution.

10 years ago
2002


War
Israeli forces pursued Palestinian gunmen into Manger Square in Bethlehem, where the Palestinians sought refuge in the Church of the Nativity.

Monday, 12 March 2012

April 1, 2012

50 years ago
1962


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 4 @ New York 5 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Montreal 1 @ Chicago 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Johnny Wilson scored 2 goals and assisted on the winner by Dave Balon at 8:17 of the 3rd period as the Rangers edged the Maple Leafs at Madison Square Garden. Rod Gilbert, playing his second NHL game, picked up the other assist on Mr. Balon's goal for this first NHL point.

Bill Hay's goal with 43 seconds remaining in the 2nd period was the winning goal for the Black Hawks at Chicago Stadium.

40 years ago
1972


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Without You--Nilsson (4th week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 American Pie, Parts I and II--Don McLean (4th week at #1)
2 Ranger's Waltz--The Mom and Dads
3 Without You--Nilsson
4 My World--The Bee Gees
5 Brand New Key--Melanie
6 Cherish--David Cassidy
7 I'd Like to Teach the World to Sing (In Perfect Harmony)--The New Seekers
8 Day by Day--Colleen Hewitt
9 Black Dog--Led Zeppelin
10 Day After Day--Badfinger

Singles entering the chart were I'd Like to Teach the World to Sing (In Perfect Harmony) by the Hillside Singers (#26); Roly Poly by SCRA (#27); Mother and Child Reunion by Paul Simon (#28); Morning Has Broken/I Want to Live in a Wigwam by Cat Stevens (#29); Sweet Seasons by Carole King (#31); Never Been to Spain by Three Dog Night (#33); and Most People I Know Think that I'm Crazy by the Aztecs (#34).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): A Horse with No Name--America (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Horse with No Name--America (2nd week at #1)
2 Heart of Gold--Neil Young
3 Puppy Love--Donny Osmond
4 Mother and Child Reunion--Paul Simon
5 Rockin' Robin--Michael Jackson
6 Jungle Fever--Chakachas
7 In the Rain--Dramatics
8 I Gotcha--Joe Tex
9 The Lion Sleeps Tonight--Robert John
10 The Way of Love--Cher

Singles entering the chart were Me and Julio Down by the Schoolyard by Paul Simon (#74); I'll Take You There by the Staple Singers (#77); Everything Good is Bad by 100 Proof Aged in Soul (#80); Too Beautiful to Last by Engelbert Humperdinck (#82); Iko Iko by Dr. John (#89); Nutrocker by Emerson, Lake & Palmer (#93); Sing a Song by David Clayton-Thomas (#96); I Saw the Light by Todd Rundgren (#97); Walk in the Night by Jr. Walker and the All-Stars (#98); Doing My Own Thing (Part 1) by Johnnie Taylor (#99); and Home is Where the Hatred Is by Esther Phillips (#100).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Cotton Jenny--Anne Murray
2 Heart of Gold--Neil Young
3 A Horse with No Name--America
4 Puppy Love--Donny Osmond
5 Mother and Child Reunion--Paul Simon
6 The Way of Love--Cher
7 Everything I Own--Bread
8 Down by the Lazy River--The Osmonds
9 Rock and Roll Lullabye--B.J. Thomas
10 Without You--Nilsson

Singles entering the chart were Legend in Your Own Time by Carly Simon (#81); Morning has Broken by Cat Stevens (#85); Daydreaming by Aretha Franklin (#89); Betcha By Golly Wow by the Stylistics (#91); Back Off Boogaloo by Ringo Starr (#94); Simple Song of Freedom by Buckwheat (#99); and Am I Losing You by the Partridge Family (#100).

Toronto’s top 25
1 Puppy Love—Donny Osmond
2 A Horse with No Name—America
3 Mother and Child Reunion—Paul Simon
4 Heart of Gold—Neil Young
5 I Gotcha—Joe Tex
6 The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face—Roberta Flack
7 A Cowboys Work is Never Done—Sonny and Cher
8 Roundabout—Yes
9 The Way of Love—Cher
10 Brandy—Scott English
11 Rock and Roll Lullabye—B.J. Thomas
12 Crazy Mama—J.J. Cale
13 You Could Have Been a Lady—April Wine
14 The Lion Sleeps Tonight—Robert John
15 Take a Look Around—The Temptations
16 The Family of Man—Three Dog Night
17 Bang a Gong (Get it On)—T. Rex
18 Betcha By Golly Wow—The Stylistics
19 We’ve Got to Get it On Again—The Addrisi Brothers
20 Good Friends?—The Poppy Family
21 Everything I Own—Bread
22 Get Down To—Mainline
23 Jungle Fever—Chakachas
24 Suavecito--Malo
25 American Pie, Parts I and II—Don McLean
New this week: Morning has Broken—Cat Stevens

Labour
Major league baseball players walked out on strike at the end of spring training. The strike was settled on April 13, and the regular season began on April 15.

Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Muhammad Ali (35-1) won a 15-round decision over Mac Foster (28-2) at Nihon Budokan in Tokyo.

30 years ago
1982


Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 20 (CHED)
1 I Love Rock 'N' Roll—Joan Jett and the Blackhearts
2 Open Arms—Journey
3 Tonight I’m Yours—Rod Stewart
4 Make a Move on Me—Olivia Newton-John
5 That Girl—Stevie Wonder
6 Sweet Dreams—Air Supply
7 Should I Do It—Pointer Sisters
8 What Kind of Love is This—Streetheart
9 Don’t You Want Me—The Human League
10 Tainted Love—Soft Cell
11 You Could Have Been with Me—Sheena Easton
12 Key Largo—Bertie Higgins
13 Leader of the Band—Dan Fogelberg
14 Fantasy—Aldo Nova
15 Take it Easy on Me—Little River Band
16 I Believe—Chilliwack
17 We Got the Beat—Go-Go’s
18 Freeze Frame—J. Geils Band
19 Don’t Talk to Strangers—Rick Springfield
20 Do You Believe in Love—Huey Lewis and the News

Edmonton’s top 10 (CFRN)
1 Tainted Love—Soft Cell
2 Key Largo—Bertie Higgins
3 Open Arms—Journey
4 Tonight I’m Yours—Rod Stewart
5 ’65 Love Affair—Paul Davis
6 Just Can’t Win ‘Em All—Stevie Woods
7 Titles—Vangelis
8 One Hundred Ways—Quincy Jones featuring James Ingram
9 My Guy—Sister Sledge
10 I’ve Never Been to Me—Charlene

Titles was from the Academy Award-winning score for Chariots of Fire.

25 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Caravan of Love--The Housemartins (8th week at #1)

20 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): To Be with You--Mr. Big

Scandal
The U.S. House of Representatives Ethics Committee released the names of 22 of the worst offenders among the more than 300 members and former members of the House who had written overdraft cheques at the House bank.

10 years ago
2002


World events
French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin called out 1,100 extra police officers to guard synagogues and Jewish schools, following a weekend in which three French synagogues had been set on fire and two other violent anti-Jewish acts had taken place.

Archaeology
A team of Indian and British divers discovered what they believed to be the lost city of Seven Pagodas off the coast of Mahabalipuram, India.

Basketball
NCAA
Men’s championship
Final
Maryland 64 Indiana 52

March 31, 2012

520 years ago
1492


Abominations
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain expelled Jews who would not convert to Christianity.

50 years ago
1962


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Quando, Quando, Quando--Tony Renis (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Wonderful Land--The Shadows (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Don't Break the Heart that Loves You--Connie Francis

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hey! Baby--Bruce Channel (4th week at #1)
2 Don't Break the Heart That Loves You--Connie Francis
3 Let Me In--The Sensations
4 Slow Twistin'--Chubby Checker (with Dee Dee Sharp)
5 Midnight in Moscow--Kenny Ball and his Jazzmen
6 Twistin' the Night Away--Sam Cooke
7 Good Luck Charm--Elvis Presley
8 Love Letters--Ketty Lester
9 Dream Baby--Roy Orbison
10 Young World--Rick Nelson

Singles entering the chart were What'd I Say (Part 1) by Bobby Darin (#71); Tra La La La La by Ike and Tina Turner (#74); Hide 'Nor Hair (#76)/At the Club (#81) by Ray Charles; P.T. 109 by Jimmy Dean (#79); You are Mine by Frankie Avalon (#86); Caterina by Perry Como (#87); I Wish that We Were Married by Ronnie and the Hi-Lites (#90); Funny Way of Laughin' by Burl Ives (#94); Ev'rybody's Twistin' by Frank Sinatra (#95); There's Nothing Like Love by Jackie Wilson and Linda Hopkins (#96); I Found a Love by the Falcons (#97); Uptown by the Crystals (#98); Twistin' Matilda by Jimmy Soul (#99); and (What a Sad Way) To Love Someone by Ral Donner (#100).

40 years ago
1972


Crime
Tony Boyle, president of the United Mine Workers of America, was convicted by a U.S. federal jury in Washington on all 13 counts of illegally spending union funds on political contributions. Mr. Boyle was the first major labour leader to be convicted under the Corrupt Practices Act, a law which had been in force since 1925.

Protest
More than 500 people attended a rally in Trafalgar Square in London four days in advance of a larger demonstration led by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

Disasters
At least 38 were killed and 174 injured when a South African train derailed on a bridge near Potgietersus.

25 years ago
1987


World events
At least 69 Salvadoran soldiers were killed by leftists in a raid on El Paraiso, headquarters of El Salvador’s military, in an attempt to overthrow the government. All those killed were enlisted men, as the officers reportedly fled to an underground bunker. At least 60 defenders were reported to be wounded, while only 8 guerrillas were killed in the nighttime strike that included mortar and rocket fire. Among the victims was a U.S. adviser, Staff Sergeant Gregory Fronius.

Crime
U.S. Marine Corporal Arnold Bracy, a guard at the United States embassy in Moscow, was charged with providing Soviet agents with access to sensitive areas of the embassy, including the room where secret messages were coded and decoded. Another guard, Sergeant Clayton Lonetree, had been arrested on March 24 on 24 charges. Military prosecutors said that the two had been enticed by Soviet women into working for the KGB, the Soviet secret police.

Economics and finance
The value of the U.S. dollar hit a post-World War II low against the Japanese yen.

The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.7% in February.

Two leading U.S. banks, Citibank and Chase Manhattan, raised their prime lending rate from 7.5% to 7.75%, the first increases by major banks since 1984.

20 years ago
1992


Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council voted to impose sanctions on Libya if they failed by April 15 to turn over to representatives of the Arab League the two men who had been indicted in the U.S.A., U.K., and France in connection with the terrorist bombings of airliners over Scotland in 1988 and Niger in 1989.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.8% in February.

10 years ago
2002


Terrorism
After a suicide bomber blew himself and 14 others—many of them Israeli Arabs—in a Haifa restaurant, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon declared that Israel was at war.

Basketball
NCAA
Women’s championship
Final
Connecticut 82 Oklahoma 70

March 30, 2012

170 years ago
1842


Medicine
Anesthesia was used in an operation for the first time.

100 years ago
1912


Died on this date
Karl May, 70
. German author. Mr. May wrote numerous non-fiction travel books, but was best known for his novels set in the American West, featuring the characters Winnetou and Old Shatterhand. He died eight days after delivering a speech in Vienna advocating international peace. No cause of death was specified, but it was suspected that Mr. May had been gradually poisoned by long-time exposure to lead in water.

80 years ago
1932


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Missing Leonardo da Vinci

50 years ago
1962


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Little People, starring Joe Maross and Claude Akins

40 years ago
1972


World events
The United Kingdom ended 51 years of semi-autonomous rule by the government of Northern Ireland and imposed direct rule over the province for at least a year. The move followed a vote of 438-18 in the British House of Commons enabling a bill on direct rule. British Prime Minister Edward Heath appointed House of Commons leader William Whitelaw to the new post of Secretary of State for Northern Ireland. Roman Catholic moderates expressed satisfaction with the move, while Protestant extremists denounced it. Former Northern Irish Prime Minister Brian Faulkner called the British takeover “betrayal by London.” Irish Prime Minister John Lynch supported the move.

War
In the biggest Communist offensive since 1968, North Vietnamese troops launched a blitz against South Vietnam through the demilitarized zone between the two Vietnams. The North Vietnam forces were equipped with sophisticated new Soviet weapons.

Disasters
Explosions and fire in Petrobas, Brazil’s largest oil refinery, killed at least 21 people and hospitalized 48.

10 were killed and 27 injured when a school bus collided with a freight train in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

30 years ago
1982


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden: Oh Julie--Shakin' Stevens (4th week at #1)

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Columbia, with Jack Lousma and Gordon Fullerton aboard, landed at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico, ending the mission after a record 8 days and 5 minutes.

25 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): I Knew You were Waiting for Me--Aretha Franklin and George Michael (3rd week at #1)

Movies
The Academy Awards for 1986 presented, and Platoon was named Best Picture, with its director, Oliver Stone, also winning. Paul Newman, a regular, but unsuccessful nominee for Best Actor, finally won for The Color of Money, while Marlee Matlin was named Best Actress for Children of a Lesser God. Michael Caine and Diane Wiest won Oscars for their supporting performances in Hannah and her Sisters, while Woody Allen won for his original screenplay for that picture. Take My Breath Away, from Top Gun, won in the category of original song, and The Assault, from the Netherlands, was named the year’s best foreign language film.

Died on this date
Clint Murchison, 63
. U.S. businessman and sports magnate. Mr. Murchison was the founder and owner of the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League.

Art
Vincent Van Gogh’s painting Sunflowers (1889) sold for the equivalent of U.S. $39.9 million, the highest amount yet paid at auction for a work of art. It sold in just 4 minutes and 20 seconds at Christie’s in London, and was won by an anonymous telephone bidder.

Diplomacy
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who was guest of honour at a banquet in Moscow, used the opportunity to call on the U.S.S.R. to withdraw their armed forces from Afghanistan and to make progress on human rights. She made public a plan to break the U.S.A.-U.S.S.R. deadlock over the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative, in effect supporting U.S. President Ronald Reagan’s broad interpretation of the 1972 anti-ballistic missile treaty, which, in turn, would facilitate SDI research. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev rejected Mrs. Thatcher’s ABM proposal as “unrealistic” and suggested that the debate over human rights be broadened to include millions of unemployed and homeless people in the west.

20 years ago
1992


Died on this date
Theresa Ann Campo Pearson, 9 days
. U.S. infant. The girl was born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida without a complete brain or skull. Although her parents knew of her condition while she was a fetus, they had decided that she should be born so that her organs could be donated to other babies. The parents sought to have Theresa declared brain-dead, but on March 26, Florida Circuit Court Judge Estella Moriarty ruled that the baby had a functioning brain stem and could not be declared brain-dead. Two other courts also rejected the parents’ appeals. By the time Theresa died, her organs had deteriorated too much to still be viable for transplant.

10 years ago
2002


Died on this date
Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, 101
. U.K. royal. Born Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon, she was, from 1936-1952 the Queen Consort of King George VI. Her eldest daughter became Queen Elizabeth II upon the death of King George. The “Queen Mum” was undoubtedly the most popular member of the British royal family.

War
After more than two weeks of secret negotiations, Angolan government military leaders and leaders of the UNITA rebel group signed a preliminary cease-fire agreement.

Sport
In the 148th annual rowing competition between Oxford and Cambridge universities, Oxford won by 2/3 length, reducing Cambridge’s overall lead in the series to 77-70.

March 29, 2012

120 years ago
1892


Diplomacy
The United States Senate ratified without opposition the Bering Sea arbitration treaty.

100 years ago
1912


Died on this date
Robert Falcon Scott, 43
. U.K. explorer. Captain Scott, a Royal Navy officer, had led a party that had arrived at the South Pole on January 17, 1912, only to find that Roald Amundsen of Norway had arrived there a month earlier to become the first to reach the pole. Capt. Scott was the last of his party to die; his last diary entry was dated March 29, although he may have died the following day. The bodies of Capt. Scott and his party were discovered by a search party on November 12, 1912 .

60 years ago
1952


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Wheel of Fortune--Kay Starr (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1); Juke Box--1st week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Wheel of Fortune--Kay Starr
--Bobby Wayne
--Eddie Wilcox Orchestra with Sunny Gale
2 Blue Tango--Leroy Anderson and his "Pops" Concert Orchestra
--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra
3 Cry--Johnnie Ray and the Four Lads
4 Any Time--Eddie Fisher
5 Tell Me Why--The Four Aces
--Eddie Fisher
6 The Little White Cloud that Cried--Johnnie Ray and the Four Lads
7 Please, Mr. Sun--Johnnie Ray
8 Slow Poke--Pee Wee King and his Golden West Cowboys
--Arthur Godfrey
--Helen O'Connell
9 Bermuda--The Bell Sisters
10 Hambone--Frankie Laine and Jo Stafford

Singles entering the chart were A Guy is a Guy by Doris Day (#24); Forgive Me by Eddie Fisher (#39); and I'll Walk Alone by Don Cornell (#46).

50 years ago
1962


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Wonderful Land--The Shadows (2nd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Chicago 3 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)
New York 1 @ Toronto 2 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Dickie Moore led the Canadiens to victory at the Montreal Forum with 2 goals and an assist. Mr. Moore's second goal tied the game 2-2 at 11:04 of the 3rd period. Jean-Guy Talbot scored at 12:46, and Claude Provost scored at 14:05. Bobby Hull scored both Chicago goals.

George Armstrong and Bob Pulford scored in the 2nd period to lift the Maple Leafs past the Rangers at Maple Leaf Gardens. Earl Ingarfield scored for the Rangers. Rod Gilbert, called up from the Eastern Professional Hockey League, played his first NHL game for the Rangers.

40 years ago
1972


World events
The Berlin Wall was opened to residents of West Berlin until April 5 to permit them to make Easter visits in East Berlin. The pass period, the first in six years, did not apply to residents of East Berlin.

Disasters
At least 40 were believed drowned when an Indian bus plunged into Arabian Sea backwaters.

30 years ago
1982


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): What About Me--Moving Pictures (2nd week at #1)

NCAA
Men's championship
Final
North Carolina 63 Georgetown 62

Georgetown's Fred Brown, apparently mistaking North Carolina's James Worthy for a teammate, made a bad pass to him with 5 seconds remaining in the game, allowing the Tar Heels to defeat the Hoyas in New Orleans. Michael Jordan scored the winning basket as head coach Dean Smith won his first national championship.

25 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Funkytown--Pseudo Echo (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: On se retrouvera--Francis Lalanne (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
A national referendum in Haiti resulted in the approval of a new constitution that created a power-sharing arrangement among a president as head of state, a premier as head of government, and a legislature to which the premier would be responsible.

20 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): To Be with You--Mr. Big (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Das Boot--U 96 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Das Boot--U 96 (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Paul Henreid, 84
. Austro-Hungarian-born U.S. actor and film director. Mr. Henreid was best known for his supporting role in Casablanca (1942) and his starring role in Now, Voyager (1942).

Politics and government
Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton, leading candidate for the 1992 Democratic party nomination for President of the United States, admitted smoking marijuana “a time or two” while studying at Oxford University in England more than 20 years earlier, but said he didn’t like it and “didn’t inhale.”

Hockey
NHL
Los Angeles 2 Edmonton 2

10 years ago
2002


War
The Israeli army moved into the West bank town of Ramallah and stormed the compound of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, imprisoning him in his office.

Terrorism
A Palestinian high school student detonated herself in the entrance to a grocery store in Jerusalem, killing herself and 2 Israelis and wounding at least 30.

Transportation
Direct commercial flights between Delhi and Beijing resumed after a hiatus of 40 years.

March 28, 2012

70 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Moonlight Cocktail--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)

60 years ago
1952


On television tonight
Tales of Tomorrow, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Flight Overdue, starring Veronica Lake, Walter Brooke, and Lenore Shanewise

40 years ago
1972


Politics and government
84% of the 16,000 eligible Arab voters in 10 towns in the West Bank cast ballots in elections for municipal councils. The voters defied demands by King Hussein of Jordan and Palestinian commandos for a boycott of the elections. Final results showed leaders opposing King Hussein and favouring an independent Palestinian state had won in five towns, while candidates favouring continued union with Jordan were re-elected in the other five towns.

Boxing
Jose Napoles (72-5) retained his world welterweight title with a knockout of Ralph Charles (39-4) at 2:52 of the 7th round at Empire Pool, Wembley, London. For Mr. Charles, it was his last professional fight. On the undercard, world lightweight champion Ken Buchanan (42-1) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Edmonton’s Al Ford (41-2) in a non-title bout.

30 years ago
1982


Politics and government
Approximately 1 million of 1.3 million eligible voters turned out for elections for El Salvador’s new constituent assembly. Early results showed the centrist Christian Democrat party, led by junta chief Jose Napoleon Duarte, with a plurality of 40.5% of the vote. The five minority parties began negotiations to form a majority coalition. The assembly would have the power to appoint an interim president, write a new constitution, and call presidential elections planned for 1983.

Disasters
50 people were killed in the eruption of a volcano near Pichucalco, Mexico.

25 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Si può dare di più--Gianni Morandi, Enrico Ruggeri, Umberto Tozzi (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Final Countdown--Europe (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Respectable--Mel and Kim

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Respectable--Mel and Kim (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Everything I Own--Boy George (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Respectable--Mel and Kim

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Respectable--Mel and Kim

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Lean on Me--Club Nouveau (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lean on Me--Club Nouveau (2nd week at #1)
2 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
3 Let's Wait Awhile--Janet Jackson
4 Mandolin Rain--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
5 Somewhere Out There--Linda Ronstadt with James Ingram
6 Tonight, Tonight, Tonight--Genesis
7 Jacob's Ladder--Huey Lewis and the News
8 Livin' on a Prayer--Bon Jovi
9 Come Go with Me--Expose
10 The Final Countdown--Europe

Singles entering the chart included Heat of the Night by Bryan Adams (#48); Big Love by Fleetwood Mac (#50); Se La by Lionel Richie (#68); Always by Atlantic Starr (#87); and You Keep Me Hangin' On by Kim Wilde (#89).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
2 Livin' on a Prayer--Bon Jovi
3 Somewhere Out There--Linda Ronstadt with James Ingram
4 Touch Me (I Want Your Body)--Samantha Fox
5 At this Moment--Billy Vera and the Beaters
6 Montego Bay--Amazulu
7 The Final Countdown--Europe
8 Keep Your Hands to Yourself--Georgia Satellites
9 Will You Still Love Me?--Chicago
10 Respect Yourself--Bruce Willis

Singles entering the chart included Everything I Own by Boy George (#90) and What's Going On by Cyndi Lauper (#92).

Died on this date
Maria von Trapp, 82
. Austrian singer. Ms. Trapp was the leader of the Trapp Family Choir, who inspired the musical The Sound of Music.

Diplomacy
Margaret Thatcher arrived in Moscow to begin her first visit to the U.S.S.R. as British Prime Minister.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 2 @ Toronto 4

20 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Saltwater--Julian Lennon (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kanashimi hayuki no yoni--Shogo Hamada (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Human Touch---Bruce Springsteen

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Human Touch---Bruce Springsteen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Remember the Time--Michael Jackson

#1 single in France (SNEP): Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--George Michael/Elton John (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Twilight Zone--2 Unlimited (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Stay--Shakespears Sister (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Remember the Time--Michael Jackson
2 To Be with You--Mr. Big
3 I Can't Dance--Genesis
4 Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams
5 Masterpiece--Atlantic Starr
6 Missing You Now--Michael Bolton featuring Kenny G
7 Good for Me--Amy Grant
8 What Becomes of the Brokenhearted--Paul Young
9 Justified & Ancient--The KLF (featuring Tammy Wynette)
10 Too Much Passion--Smithereens

Singles entering the chart included Money Don't Matter 2 Night by Prince and the New Power Generation (#74); All Woman by Lisa Stansfield (#81); and My Lovin' (You're Never Gonna Get It) by En Vogue (#87).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 To Be with You--Mr. Big (4th week at #1)
2 Remember the Time--Michael Jackson
3 Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton
4 Hazard--Richard Marx
5 Good for Me--Amy Grant
6 What Becomes of the Brokenhearted--Paul Young
7 I Can't Dance--Genesis
8 Again Tonight--John Mellencamp
9 Thought I'd Died and Gone to Heaven--Bryan Adams
10 Missing You Now--Michael Bolton

Singles entering the chart included Sinking Like a Sunset by Tom Cochrane (#71); Constant Craving by k.d. lang (#77); Weather with You by Crowded House (#82); and You are Everything by Rod Stewart (#97).

Music
This blogger attended a performance of the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra at Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium.

Politics and government
Percival Patterson was elected leader of Jamaica’s ruling People’s National Party and replaced Michael Manley, who had resigned because of ill health, as Prime Minister.

Basketball
NCAA
East Regional Men's Final
Duke 104 Kentucky 103 (overtime)

Christian Laettner beat the final buzzer with a 17-foot jump shot to give the Blue Devils their win over the Wildcats in Philadelphia.

10 years ago
2002


Diplomacy
Leaders of the Arab League summit in Beirut agreed to a Saudi Arabian proposal to form normal relations with Israel if it would agree to conditions meant to lead to the creation of a Palestinian state. They also united in opposing any U.S. military action against Iraq.

Scandal
Juliusz Paetz, Roman Catholic archbishop of Poznan, Poland, resigned amid accusations of sexually molesting teenage seminarians.

March 27, 2012

120 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Ferde Grofe
. U.S. musician and composer. Mr. Grofe, a native of New York City, trained as a pianist and violinist and joined Paul Whiteman’s orchestra in 1917 as a pianist. From 1920-1932 he was employed by Mr. Whiteman as pianist, assistant conductor, orchestrator, and librarian. Mr. Grofe moved to the National Broadcasting Company as staff conductor in 1932, and joined the faculty of the Juilliard School in 1939. His best-known composition, Grand Canyon Suite, was first performed by Mr. Whiteman and his orchestra on November 22, 1931 at the Studebaker Theater in Chicago. Mr. Grofe’s other compositions included Mississippi Suite (1926); Tabloid Suite (1932); Hollywood Suite (1935); Death Valley Suite (1949); Hudson River Suite (1955); and Niagara Falls Suite (1961). He died after a series of heart attacks on April 3, 1972 at the age of 80.

100 years ago
1912


Diplomacy
U.S. First Lady Helen Herron Taft and Viscountess Chinda, wife of the Japanese Ambassador to the United States, planted two Yoshino cherry trees on the northern bank of the Potomac River Tidal Basin in Washington, D.C.

70 years ago
1942


Boxing
Joe Louis (53-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of Abe Simon (36-10-1) at 16 seconds of the 6th round at Madison Square Garden in New York. It was Mr. Louis’s 21st successful defense of his championship, his second against Mr. Simon, and his last before entering the United States Army. For Mr. Simon, it was his last professional fight.

50 years ago
1962


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Chicago 1 @ Montreal 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0))
New York 2 @ Toronto 4 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Dickie Moore and Jean Beliveau scored for the Canadiens and Jacques Plante won the goaltending duel over Glenn Hall at the Montreal Forum.

Tim Horton's goal at 14:42 of the 2nd period was the winner as the Maple Leafs defeated the Rangers at Maple Leaf Gardens. Johnny Bower won the goaltending duel over Gump Worsley.

40 years ago
1972


War
An agreement ending the civil war in Sudan between the predominantly Arab and Muslim north and Christian and animist south was signed by Sudanese Foreign Minister Manzur Khaled and Major General Joseph Lagu, leader of the Anyanya rebels. The agreement was signed a week after the Sudanese government had lifted the 17-year state of emergency.

Crime
An all-white jury in San Francisco acquitted Fleeta Drumgo and John Clutchette, the two remaining “Soledad Brothers,” of the 1970 killing of John Mills, a guard at California’s Soledad State Prison. Both were serving terms at Soledad at the time of Mr. Mills’ death, and Mr. Drumgo was one of six defendants in another murder charge involving the deaths of three guards and two trusty convicts in a shootout at Soledad on August 21, 1971 that had resulted in the death of fellow defendant and convict George Jackson. The verdict in San Francisco coincided with the beginning of opening statements in San Jose in the trial of Angela Davis, a Marxist professor at University of California at Los Angeles who had been charged with helping to plot the kidnapping and slaying of Superior Court Judge Harold Haley and three others in a courthouse in San Rafael, California in an attempt to free the Soledad Brothers on August 7, 1970.

30 years ago
1982


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Seven Tears--Goombay Dance Band

#1 single in the U.S.A.: (Billboard): I Love Rock 'N' Roll--Joan Jett and the Blackhearts (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Love Rock 'N' Roll--Joan Jett and the Blackhearts (2nd week at #1)
2 That Girl--Stevie Wonder
3 Centerfold--J. Geils Band
4 We Got the Beat--Go-Go's
5 Open Arms--Journey
6 Make a Move on Me--Olivia Newton-John
7 Pac-Man Fever--Buckner & Garcia
8 Shake it Up--The Cars
9 Titles--Vangelis
10 Key Largo--Bertie Higgins

Singles entering the chart were The Beatles' Movie Medley (#60); Since You're Gone by the Cars (#80); Let's Hang On by Barry Manilow (#81); Still in Saigon by the Charlie Daniels Band (#85); Man on the Corner by Genesis (#86); The Gigolo by O'Bryan (#87); Stars on 45 III (#88); One to One by Carole King (#89); Hollywood by Shooting Star (#90); and If I Could Get You (Into My Life) by Gene Cotton (#97). Stars on 45 III consisted of a medley of songs originally performed by Stevie Wonder.

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 I Love Rock 'N' Roll--Joan Jett and the Blackhearts (2nd week at #1)
2 Tonight I'm Yours--Rod Stewart
3 Tainted Love--Soft Cell
4 Centerfold--J. Geils Band
5 Open Arms--Journey
6 Make a Move on Me--Olivia Newton-John
7 Pretty Woman--Van Halen
8 Our Lips are Sealed--Go-Go's
9 Johnny are You Queer?--Josie Cotton
10 We Got the Beat--Go-Go's

Singles entering the chart were Don't Talk to Strangers by Rick Springfield (#40); Did it in a Minute by Daryl Hall and John Oates (#42); Stick it Where the Sun Doesn't Shine by Nick Lowe (#46); When it's Over by Loverboy (#48); and Over the Line by Eddie Schwartz (#49).

25 years ago
1987



Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Stay--Pierre Cosso & Bonnie Bianco (3rd week at #1)

Abominations
Two days of massacres of Dinka civilians by government forces in southern Sudan concluded with approximately 1,500 fatalities.

War
Chad announced that its army had taken the town of Faya-Largeau, the last major Libyan stronghold in Chad, without a fight. The Libyans had been reported withdrawing from Faya-Largeau two days earlier.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Ronald Reagan, citing Japan’s failure to abide by a 1986 agreement forbidding Japanese companies from selling semiconductor chips in the United States for less than “fair market value” (as determined by the U.S.), announced that the United States would impose duties that would double the import prices of many electronic products imported from Japan.

The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.4% in February.

20 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Das Boot--U96 (10th week at #1)

Protest
Fishermen in Newfoundland left idle by shutdowns and cutbacks in the Newfoundland fishery began a four-day protest, targeting foreign vessels that continued to fish on the Grand Banks, outside Canada’s 200-mile limit.

10 years ago
2002


Died on this date
Billy Wilder, 95
. Austro-Hungarian-born U.S. film director and writer. One of the best writers and directors in movie history, Mr. Wilder won the Academy Award as Best Director for The Lost Weekend (1945) and The Apartment (1960), and shared Oscars for writing for those two movies and Sunset Blvd. (1950).

Milton Berle, 93. U.S. comedian. Sometimes credited as the first person to appear on television because of his appearance in an experimental broadcast in 1929, "Uncle Miltie" spent many years as a vaudeville comic, but achieved fame as one of the biggest names in the early years of television as the host and star of Texaco Star Theatre, later known as The Milton Berle Show (1948-1956).

Dudley Moore, 66. U.K. actor, comedian, pianist, and composer. A graduate of Oxford University, Mr. Moore was a member of the Beyond the Fringe comedy revue in the 1960s before achieving greater fame and success as the star of such movies as 10 and Arthur.

Terrorism
At least 19 people were killed when a Palestinian suicide bomber detonated himself in a hotel dining room in Netanya, Israel, as 200 people were sitting down to celebrate Passover.

A deranged man opened fire on a city council meeting in Nanterre, France, killing 8 council members and wounding 19 people.

Business
General Motors announced a plan to revive the Pontiac GTO, the original “muscle car,” which had been manufactured from 1964-1974.

March 26, 2012

120 years ago
1892


Diplomacy
An extradition treaty between France and the United States was signed in Paris.

60 years ago
1952


On television tonight
The Unexpected, hosted by Herbert Marshall, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Fury and Sound, starring Paul Guilfoyle, Hans Conried, and Lois Hall

50 years ago
1962


On television tonight
Thriller, hosted by Boris Karloff, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Kill My Love, starring Richard Carlson, K.T. Stevens, and David Kent

Edmontonia
Chuck Connors, star of the television series The Rifleman, was a guest celebrity at the Edmonton Rodeo before a capacity crowd of 6,000 at the Edmonton Gardens. Mr. Connors was in the ring giving a recital, with 10-year-old Phillip Ross playing his son. Suddenly, a bull broke loose and jumped over the fence and into the ring. Mr. Connors quickly leaped over the fence and out of danger, leaving the boy in the ring. The bull was subdued by rodeo personnel, and young Mr. Ross was unharmed. Mr. Connors said, "I'm an actor, not a bullfighter...I took off in the opposite direction to draw the bull away from the boy." Mr. Connors was able to finish his recital, but his reputation in Edmonton was permanently tarnished.

40 years ago
1972


Defense
Maltese Prime Minister Dom Mintoff and British Defense Secretary Lord Carrington signed a $260-million treaty giving the U.K. use of the Mediterranean island’s air and naval bases for seven years. The agreement assured the retention of Malta in the western defense network, and stipulated that Soviet bloc forces would not be allowed “to be stationed in Malta or to use the facilities there.” It was signed five days before the deadline for the withdrawal of British troops.

30 years ago
1982


World events
The new government of Bangladesh that had taken power in a coup two days earlier declared martial law and announced that several former high government officials and 200 others had been arrested on charges of corruption, misuse of power, and anti-state activities. A.S.M. Ahsan, a retired judge, was appointed President of Bangladesh, but he was regarded as a mere figurehead, with the real power in the hands of Lieutenant General Hussain Mohammed Ershad.

Americana
Ground-breaking ceremonies for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial took place in Washington, D.C.

25 years ago
1987


Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average posted another record high of 2,372.59.

Hockey
NHL
Boston 4 Edmonton 1

20 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Stay--Shakespears Sister (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Barbara Frum, 54
. Canadian journalist. Mrs. Frum co-hosted the CBC radio show As it Happens from 1971-1982 and then moved to television to host the news program The Journal from 1982-1992 until her death from cancer.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product had grown at an annual rate of 0.4% during the fourth quarter of 1991, and that the GDP had declined 0.7% for all of 1991.

10 years ago
2002


Diplomacy
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat chose not to attend the Arab League summit in Beirut because Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon had indicated that he might not permit Mr. Arafat to the West Bank once he left.

Business
The Finnish telecommunications company Sonera and the Swedish telecommunications company Telia announced that they would merge.

March 25, 2012

60 years ago
1952


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Mystery of Edwin Drood: Part 2, starring John Baragrey

50 years ago
1962


Hockey
NHL
Chicago 1 @ New York 4
Toronto 4 @ Boston 5
Montreal 5 @ Detroit 2

Bobby Hull scored his 50th goal of the season in the Black Hawks' loss to the Rangers at Madison Square Garden, tying him for the single season record with Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion (1960-61) and Maurice "Rocket" Richard (1944-45), both of whom had accomplished the feat with the Montreal Canadiens.

Don McKenney's 22nd goal of the season with 23 seconds remaining in the game gave the Bruins their win over the Maple Leafs at Boston Garden. Dick Duff scored his 16th and 17th goals of the season to lead the Maple Leafs, who were outshot 55-31. Bruce Gamble won the goaltending duel over Johnny Bower.

Billy Hicke scored his 19th and 20th goals of the season to lead the Canadiens past the Red Wings at Olympia Stadium. Red Berenson scored his 1st NHL goal for Montreal, while Gordie Howe scored his 33rd of the season for the Red Wings.

It was the final night for regular season play in the 1961-62 season, and the final standings were:

National Hockey League GP W L T GF GA Pts
Montreal Canadiens 70 42 14 14 259 166 98
Toronto Maple Leafs 70 37 22 11 232 180 85
Chicago Black Hawks 70 31 26 13 217 186 75
New York Rangers 70 26 32 12 195 207 64
Detroit Red Wings 70 23 33 14 184 219 60
Boston Bruins 70 15 47 8 177 306 38

40 years ago
1972


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Without You--Nilsson (3rd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 American Pie, Parts I and II--Don McLean (3rd week at #1)
2 Ranger's Waltz--The Mom and Dads
3 Cherish--David Cassidy
4 Brand New Key--Melanie
5 My World--The Bee Gees
6 I'd Like to Teach the World to Sing (In Perfect Harmony)--The New Seekers
7 Day by Day--Colleen Hewitt
8 Captain Zero--The Mixture
9 Without You--Nilsson
10 Cos I Luv You--Slade

Singles entering the chart were Follow Your Drum by Don Fardon (#33); Superman by Allison MacCallum (#38); and Sunshine by Jonathan Edwards (#40).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): A Horse with No Name--America

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Horse with No Name--America
2 Heart of Gold--Neil Young
3 Puppy Love--Donny Osmond
4 Mother and Child Reunion--Paul Simon
5 The Lion Sleeps Tonight--Robert John
6 Without You--Nilsson
7 Jungle Fever--Chakachas
8 Down by the Lazy River--The Osmonds
9 The Way of Love--Cher
10 In the Rain--The Dramatics

Singles entering the chart were The Family of Man by Three Dog Night (#54); Back Off Boogaloo by Ringo Starr (#65); Look What You've Done for Me by Al Green (#73); (Last Night) I Didn't Get to Sleep at All by the 5th Dimension (#77); Help Me Make it Through the Night by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#78); Hearsay by Soul Children (#80); Am I Losing You by the Partridge Family (#84); I Had it All the Time by Tyrone Davis (#85); Morning has Broken by Cat Stevens (#86); Pool of Bad Luck by Joe Simon (#88); Legend in Your Own Time by Carly Simon (#90); Ask Me What You Want by Millie Jackson (#95); Jubilation by Paul Anka (#96); Mister Can't You See by Buffy Sainte-Marie (#97); Hot Rod Lincoln by Commander Cody and his Lost Planet Airmen (#98); and Simple Song of Freedom by Buckwheat (#99)

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Down by the Lazy River--The Osmonds (2nd week at #1)
2 Heart of Gold--Neil Young
3 Cotton Jenny--Anne Murray
4 A Horse with No Name--America
5 Puppy Love--Donny Osmond
6 Mother and Child Reunion--Paul Simon
7 The Way of Love--Cher
8 Everything I Own--Bread
9 Hurting Each Other--Carpenters
10 Without You--Nilsson

Singles entering the chart were Brandy by Scott English (#77); We Gotta Make it Together by Marty Butler (#78); Baby Blue by Badfinger (#92); Louisiana by Mike Kennedy (#94); The Family of Man by Three Dog Night (#96); Josie by Kris Kristofferson (#97); Train to Glory by Jonathan Edwards (#98); Everyday by John Denver (#99); and Jump Into the Fire by Nilsson (#100). Brandy became a bigger hit three years later, when it was recorded by Barry Manilow under the title Mandy, and became Mr. Manilow's first hit. The song by Mr. English bore no relation to Brandy (You're a Fine Girl), which became a major hit for the Looking Glass later in 1972.

Calgary's top 10
1 Mother and Child Reunion--Paul Simon
2 Joy--Apollo 100
3 Give Ireland Back to the Irish--Wings
4 Down by the Lazy River--The Osmonds
5 Heart of Gold--Neil Young
6 Monday Morning Choo Choo--Stampeders
7 I Just Get Older--Murray McLauchlan
8 Mozart Serenade No. 13--Manuel de Falla Orchestra, conducted by Waldo De Los Rios
9 Life in the Bloodstream--The Guess Who
10 Castles in the Air--Don McLean
Pick hit of the week: Everything I Own--Bread

Castles in the Air was the B-side of Vincent. Mr. McLean re-recorded Castles in the Air in 1981, and it became a hit in late 1981-early 1982.

World events
Rebel troops in El Salvador under the command of Colonel Benjamin Mejia unsuccessfully attempted a coup against the government of General Fidel Sanchez Hernandez. More than 300 soldiers and civilians were killed or wounded.

30 years ago
1982


Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 12 (CHED)
1 I Love Rock 'N' Roll—Joan Jett and the Blackhearts
2 Open Arms—Journey
3 Sweet Dreams—Air Supply
4 Tonight I’m Yours—Rod Stewart
5 Tainted Love—Soft Cell
6 Make a Move on Me—Olivia Newton-John
7 You Could Have Been with Me—Sheena Easton
8 Should I Do It—Pointer Sisters
9 That Girl—Stevie Wonder
10 Leader of the Band—Dan Fogelberg
11 Take it Easy on Me—Little River Band
12 What Kind of Love is This--Streetheart

Politics and government
The junta that had assumed control of Guatemala in a coup two days earlier officially annulled the results of the March 7 presidential election. General Angel Anibal Guevara had won the election and was due to replace General Romeo Lucas Garcia in July, but the election had been marred by allegations of fraud.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 7 Calgary 2

Wayne Gretzky scored 2 goals and 2 assists to reach 203 points for the season, becoming the first NHL player to score 200 points in a season.

25 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Caravan of Love--The Housemartins (7th week at #1)

20 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Stockholm--Orup (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Carnal Knowledge

Died on this date
Nancy Walker, 69
. U.S. actress. Miss Walker, born Anna Myrtle Swoyer, was a comic actress who achieved success on Broadway, but was best-known for her television appearances in the 1970s, especially as Ida Morgenstern in the series Rhoda (1974-1978).

Defense
United Nations weapons experts in Baghdad began destroying Iraq’s SCUD missile production and repair facilities.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 2 Winnipeg 2

10 years ago
2002


Space
China launched Shenzhou 3, its third unmanned spacecraft, from the Jiuquan Launch Centre.

Disasters
About 1,000 people were presumed dead when an earthquake of magnitude 6.1 destroyed the densely-populated village of Nahrin in northern Afghanistan.

March 24, 2012

130 years ago
1882


Medicine
German bacteriologist Robert Koch announced the discovery of the tuberculosis bacillus.

50 years ago
1962


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Quando, Quando, Quando--Tony Renis (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Wonderful Land--The Shadows (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Rock-A-Hula Baby/Can't Help Falling in Love--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)

This was the last week that Record Mirror published its own weekly chart; they then began publishing Record Retailer's top 50.

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hey! Baby--Bruce Channel (3rd week at #1)

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hey! Baby--Bruce Channel (3rd week at #1)
2 Don't Break the Heart That Loves You--Connie Francis
3 Midnight in Moscow--Kenny Ball and his Jazzmen
4 Let Me In--The Sensations
5 What's Your Name--Don and Juan
6 Slow Twistin'--Chubby Checker (with Dee Dee Sharp)
7 Twistin' the Night Away--Sam Cooke
8 Love Letters--Ketty Lester
9 Dream Baby--Roy Orbison
10 Good Luck Charm--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were Johnny Jingo by Hayley Mills (#74); The Jam (Part 1) by Bobby Gregg and Friends (#76); Twist, Twist Senora by Gary (U.S.) Bonds (#77); Cinderella by Jack Ross (#83); Memories of Maria by Jerry Byrd (#88); You Talk About Love by Barbara George (#96); Smile by Ferrante and Teicher (#98); and I Will by Vic Dana (#99). Memories of Maria, a guitar instrumental, was written by Roy Orbison and Joe Melson. I don't think Mr. Orbison ever released his own version of the song.

Boxing
Emile Griffith (29-3), well ahead on points after 11 rounds, unleashed a brutal beating against Benny "Kid" Paret (35-12-3) in the 12th round at Madison Square Garden in New York to regain the world welterweight title that he had lost to Mr. Paret on September 30, 1961, but Mr. Paret slipped into a coma and was rushed to Roosevelt Hospital.

Hockey
NHL
Chicago 3 @ Montreal 5
Detroit 2 @ Toronto 2

Phil Goyette's 7th goal of the season with 4:09 remaining in the game was the winner for the Canadiens as they defeated the Black Hawks at the Montreal Forum. Ralph Backstrom scored his 26th and 27th goals of the season for the Canadiens, while Bobby Hull scored his 49th of the season for the Black Hawks.

Forbes Kennedy's 1st goal of the season with 2:21 remainin in the game gave the Red Wings their tie with the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens. Alex Delvecchio scored hs 26th goal of the season for Detroit, while Al Arbour, with his 1st of the season, and Dick Duff, with his 15th, scored for Toronto.

30 years ago
1982


World events
Lieutenant General Hussain Mohammed Ershad, chief of staff of the army of Bangladesh, announced that he had seized power and deposed President Abdus Sattar, who had been elected in November 1981. Lt. Gen. Ershad stated that his aim was to end corruption in public life. Communication with the rest of the world ended soon after the coup.

The Guatemalan junta that had taken power in a coup the previous day suspended the constitution and the activities of all political parties, but made no mention of future elections.

25 years ago
1987


Crime
U.S. Marine Sergeant Clayton Lonetree, a guard at the United States embassy in Moscow, was arrested on 24 charges, including espionage and failure to report espionage. Three days later, military prosecutors said that Sgt. Lonetree and Corporal Arnold Bracy had been enticed by Soviet women into working for the KGB—the Soviet secret police—and that they had provided Soviet agents with access to sensitive areas of the embassy, including the room where secret messages were coded and decoded.

Politics and government
Former U.S. Secretary of State Alexander Haig announced that he would seek the 1988 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States.

20 years ago
1992


World events
Chemical weapons inspectors left Iraq after completing the destruction of more than 460 chemical rockets.

Politics and government
Former California Governor Jerry Brown narrowly upset Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton in the Connecticut primary for the 1992 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States.

Journalism
Punch, Britain's oldest satirical magazine, announced that it would cease publication after 150 years.

10 years ago
2002


Movies
The Academy Awards for 2001 were presented. A Beautiful Mind was named Best Picture, and its director, Ron Howard, also won, as did cast member Jennifer Connelly for her supporting performance. Other winners included Denzel Washington for Best Actor for Training Day; Halle Berry for Best Actress for Monster's Ball; and Jim Broadbent for Best Supporting Actor for Iris.

Died on this date
Cesar Milstein, 74
. Argentine-born British immunologist. Dr. Milstein shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1984 for his work in the development of a technique for producing monoclonal antibodies.

March 23, 2012

80 years ago
1932


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Ace of Spades

50 years ago
1962


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Person or Persons Unknown, starring Richard Long and Frank Silvera

40 years ago
1972


War
The United States walked out of the Paris peace talks on the Vietnam War, charging that the Communists were not interested in negotiating.

30 years ago
1982


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden: Oh Julie--Shakin' Stevens (3rd week at #1)

World events
Dissident army officers in Guatemala staged a coup and overthrew the regime of General Romeo Lucas Garcia, who was to have been replaced in July by General Angel Anibal Guevara, who had been elected on March 7 amid allegations of fraud. Tanks and troops surrounded the presidential palace. A conservative junta led by retired General Efrain Rios Montt was appointed to rule the country, while deposed President Lucas was reportedly taken to the airport for a flight out of the country. Gen. Rios Montt also assumed the title of Minister of Defense.

Politics and government
A non-confidence vote in the Israeli Knesset on the coalition government of Prime Minister Menachem Begin resulted in a tie. Mr. Begin proposed that his cabinet resign, but the cabinet voted 12-6 to remain in office. The vote was inspired by dissatisfaction with the government’s handling of recent disorders in the West Bank. Some right-wing legislators who were opposed to the scheduled April 25 withdrawal of the last Israeli troops from the Sinai peninsula had defected from their previous position of support for Mr. Begin.

25 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): I Knew You were Waiting for Me--Aretha Franklin and George Michael (2nd week at #1)

Terrorism
31 people were injured after a car bomb planted by the Irish Republican Army exploded at the British army base at Rheindahlen, West Germany.

20 years ago
1992


Died on this date
Friedrich von Hayek, 92
. Austrian-born U.K. economist. A champion of economic freedom, Dr. Hayek was best known for his book The Road to Serfdom (1944). He shared the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1974 with Gunnar Myrdal of Sweden.

10 years ago
2002


Died on this date
Neal Edgar Miller, 92. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Miller conducted pioneering research on biofeedback—a technique by which unconscious or involuntary bodily processes may be manipulated by conscious mental control.

Thomas Kelly, 82. U.S. aerospace engineer. Mr. Kelly led the team of engineers who designed the lunar module Eagle in which Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon in the Apollo 11 mission on July 20, 1969.

Protest
More than one million people in Rome demonstrated against government plans to rewrite labour regulations.

Horse racing
Street Cry, owned by Sheikh Muhammad al-Maktoum and ridden by Jerry Bailey, won the Dubai World Cup, the world’s richest race.

Sport
Cael Sanderson of Iowa State University, a 197-pound senior, concluded an undefeated collegiate career by winning an unprecedented fourth straight weight class title at the NCAA wrestling championships in Albany, New York. In his final bout, Mr. Sanderson defeated Lehigh University sophomore Jon Trenge with a double-leg takedown, and received a five-minute standing ovation from the 12,000 fans.

March 22, 2012

100 years ago
1912


World events
German author Karl May addressed the Academic Society for Literature and Music in Vienna, presenting a lecture titled Empor ins Reich der Edelmenschen ("Upward to the Realm of Noble Men"), in which he advocated international peace. Adolf Hitler, an admirer of Mr. May, was said to have been in attendance, although this was not confirmed.

60 years ago
1952


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Wheel of Fortune--Kay Starr (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1); Cry--Johnnie Ray and the Four Lads (Juke Box--9th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Cry--Johnnie Ray and the Four Lads (8th week at #1)
2 Wheel of Fortune--Kay Starr
--Bobby Wayne
--Eddie Wilcox Orchestra with Sunny Gale
3 Tell Me Why--The Four Aces
--Eddie Fisher
4 Any Time--Eddie Fisher
5 Blue Tango--Leroy Anderson and his "Pops" Concert Orchestra
--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra
6 Slow Poke--Pee Wee King and his Golden West Cowboys
--Arthur Godfrey
--Helen O'Connell
7 Please, Mr. Sun--Johnnie Ray
8 The Little White Cloud that Cried--Johnnie Ray and the Four Lads
9 Bermuda--The Bell Sisters
10 Here am I--Broken Hearted--Johnnie Ray

Singles entering the chart were The Gandy Dancers' Ball by Frankie Laine (#38); Dancing with Tears in My Eyes by Mantovani and his Orchestra (#39); Jump Through the Ring by Vic Damone (#42); and I Hear a Rhapsody by Frank Sinatra (#44).

50 years ago
1962


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Wonderful Land--The Shadows

40 years ago
1972


On television tonight
Rod Serling's Night Gallery, on NBC

Tonight's episode: A Death in the Family, starring E.G. Marshall and Desi Arnaz, Jr,; The Merciful, starring Imogene Coca and King Donovan; The Class of '99, starring Vincent Price, Brandon de Wilde, and Randolph Mantooth; Satisfaction Guaranteed, starring Victor Buono

This episode was a rerun of the episode originally broadcast on September 22, 1971, except that Satisfaction Guaranteed, not previously broadcast, was shown in place of Witches' Feast.

Law
The United States Senate voted 84-8 in favour of the Equal Rights Amendment--a constitutional amendment banning legal discrimination against women because of their sex--and sent the amendment to the states for ratification. Within hours, Hawaii became the first state to approve the amendment, with the approval of 37 more states needed for the amendment to be ratified. The amendment, which had been approved in 1971 by the U.S. House of Representatives by an even wider margin, would require state and federal governments to treat each person, male and female, as an individual under the law, marking the first time that guarantees for women had been embodied in an amendment, even though it did not specifically mention them. It read: “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.”

Society
The 13-member U.S. National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse recommended that all criminal penalties for the private use and possession of marijuana be abolished, saying that from what was known about marijuana’s effects, its use did not present a major threat to public health.

30 years ago
1982


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): What About Me--Moving Pictures

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Columbia lifted off for the beginning of its third mission. Astronauts Jack Lousma and Gordon Fullerton were to spend seven days in Earth orbit conducting scientific and engineering studies and putting the shuttle through performance tests.

25 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in France: On se retrouvera--Francis Lalanne (4th week at #1)

War
Chadian forces, armed with French and American antiaircraft and antitank missiles, captured Wadi Doum in northern Chad, site of a Libyan air base. 1,269 Libyans were reported killed in the action.

20 years ago
1992


Basketball
CIAU men’s championship
Final
Brock 77 St. Mary’s 71

10 years ago
2002


Society
A British woman paralyzed from the neck down won the legal right to die by having her treatment withdrawn.

World events
A report released in Switzerland stated that the Swiss government had worked secretly with Nazi Germany and that Switzerland had refused refuge to thousands of Jews during World War II though it was aware of the existence of Nazi concentration camps.

Economics and finance
The United States imposed tariffs averaging 29% on softwood lumber imported from Canada, maintaining that Canada illegally subsidized its lumber industry.