240 years ago
Politics and government
The Kingdom of Great Britain ordered the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed pursuant to the Boston Port Act.
160 years ago
Commodore Matthew Perry signed the Treaty of Kanagawa with the Japanese government, opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade.
John Rae set out across Rae Isthmus for Pelly Bay in what is now Canada's Northwest Territories.
125 years ago
The Eiffel Tower was officially opened in paris, as French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel unfurled the French flag from atop the tower to mark its completion.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Octavio Paz. Mexican poet and author. Mr. Paz was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1990. He died on April 19, 1998 at the age of 84.
Canada had 3,000 officers and men in the Permanent Force and 5,615 officers and 68,991 men in the militia.
78 hunters died, many crippled by frostbite, in a two-day-long storm in Newfoundland when their sealing steamer, the Newfoundland, failed to pick them up due to mistaken orders.
75 years ago
At the movies
The Hound of the Baskervilles, starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Doctor Watson, opened in theatres. It was the first of 14 movies featuring the two actors in their respective roles.
70 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You'll Never Know--Vera Lynn and Joe Loss (2nd month at #1)
Died on this date
Mineichi Koga, 58. Japanese military officer. Admiral Koga, commander-in-chief of the Imperial Japanese Navy's Combined Fleet, was killed in a plane crash between Palau and Davao during a typhoon while overseeing the withdrawal of the Combined Fleet from its Palau headquarters.
The Royal Air Force's bomber command suffered its heaviest loss when 94 bombers of about 1,000 failed to return from a raid on Nuremberg. Nazi raids on the Anzio beachhead in Italy forced U.S. troops to retreat 1 1/2 miles southwest of Aprilia. Allied troops advanced about one mile and seized Mount Marrone, 13 miles northeast of Cassino. Soviet forces captured the Black Sea port of Ochakov, 38 miles east of Odessa. British forces abandoned their forward Burmese base of Tiddim, 100 miles south of Imphal in the Indian state of Manipur, in the face of Japanese assaults.
The government of Colombia announced that "concerted revolutionary activity" had been suppressed in the town of Purification with the arrest of 75 people.
Politics and government
The U.S. congressional bill to allow absentee votes from members of the armed services became law without the signature of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who called the "states' rights" measure "inadequate," and asked its amendment to provide wider and freer use of the short federal ballot.
New York Governor Tom Dewey telephoned his supporters in Oregon to withdraw his name from the May 19 Republican party primary for the nomination for President of the United States in the November 1944 election.
Representative John Coffee (Democrat--Washington) accused Connecticut industrialist Vivien Kellems of treason and seditious conduct for urging businessmen not to pay income taxes.
The U.S.S.R. announced the cancellation of Japanese oil concessions in northern Sakhalin, 26 years in advance of treaty expiration, in view of "operations of our Allies in the Pacific."
60 years ago
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Wir Wir Wir Haben Ein Klavier--Die Zehn Whiskys (1st month at #1)
Sonny Liston (5-0) won a 6-round decision over Stanley Howlett (4-1) in a heavyweight bout at St. Louis Arena.
Syracuse 68 @ Minneapolis 79 (Minneapolis led best-of-seven series 1-0)
50 years ago
On television tonight
The Fugitive, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Never Stop Running, with guest stars Claude Akins, Joanna Moore, and Wright King
A coup d'état in Brazil established a military government under the aegis of General Castello Branco.
Politics and government
Canada's federal and provincial governments began a four-day conference in Quebec City to discuss the Canada Pension Plan and tax equalization.
University of Toronto historian Donald Creighton and Quebec poet Alain Grandbois became the first recipients of the Canada Council's Molson Prize.
Montreal 3 @ Toronto 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Chicago 0 @ Detroit 3 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Henri Richard scored with 25 seconds remaining in regulation time as the Canadiens edged the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens.
Terry Sawchuk, who had been forced to leave the previous game with a pinched nerve in his shoulder, was granted a six-hour leave by the doctors, and responded with the shutout, while Bruce MacGregor, Paul Henderson, and Alex Delvecchio scored as the Red Wings blanked the Black Hawks at Olympia Stadium.
The Washington Senators traded minor league outfielder Lou Piniella to the Baltimore Orioles for pitcher Buster Narum.
40 years ago
The Toronto Northmen signed Miami Dolphins running backs Larry Csonka and Jim Kiick, and receiver Paul Warfield for the 1975 season. The three had helped the Miami Dolphins win the two most recent Super Bowls.
30 years ago
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Ci Sarà--Albano Carrisi; Romina Power (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Love Is a Battlefield--Pat Benatar (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hello--Lionel Richie
#1 single in the U.K.: Hello--Lionel Richie (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Footloose--Kenny Loggins
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
2 Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell
3 Girls Just Want to Have Fun--Cyndi Lauper
4 Jump--Van Halen
5 I Want a New Drug--Huey Lewis and the News
6 Here Comes the Rain Again--Eurythmics
7 99 Luftballons--Nena
8 Automatic--Pointer Sisters
9 Eat It--"Weird Al" Yankovic
10 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins
Singles entering the chart were Rock You Like a Hurricane by the Scorpions (#84); I'm Stepping Out by John Lennon (#86); Give Me Tonight by Shannon (#89); and Love Has Finally Come at Last by Bobby Womack and Patti LaBelle (#90).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Girls Just Want to Have Fun--Cyndi Lauper
2 Jump--Van Halen
3 99 Red Balloons--Nena
4 Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell
5 Thriller--Michael Jackson
6 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
7 I Want a New Drug--Huey Lewis and the News
8 Here Comes the Rain Again--Eurythmics
9 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins
10 Karma Chameleon--Culture Club
Singles entering the chart were Automatic by the Pointer Sisters (#44); Black Stations/White Stations by M + M (#45); and Rockit by Herbie Hancock (#50).
Died on this date
Joe L. Evins, 73. U.S. politician. Mr. Evins, a Democrat, represented Tennessee's 4th District in the United States House of Representatives from 1953-1977.
One-legged runner Steve Fonyo dipped his artificial leg in St. John's Harbour to start a run across Canada to raise money for cancer research, and to honour the memory of his friend Terry Fox, whose cross-Canada run in 1980 was cut short when his cancer returned and took his life.
General Gustavo Alvarez Martinez, a key ally of the United States in Central America, resigned as commander of the Honduran armed forces, a move apparently related to corruption and his threat to the regime of President Roberto Suazo Cordova.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals (5th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff
20 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Jos sulla on toinen--Taikapeili
South African President F.W. de Klerk declared a state of emergency in the "homeland" of KwaZulu after almost two weeks of rioting had left 150 people dead.
The Palestine Liberation Organization resumed talks with Israel after the latter agreed to permit the deployment of lightly-armed foreign observers in Hebron. The observers would have no power to settle disputes.
The journal Nature reported the discovery in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis skull.
Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported, in its final revision of gross domestic product for 1993, that the economy had grown at an annual rate of 7.0% during the last quarter of the year.
10 years ago
In Fallujah, Iraq, four American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA were killed after being ambushed. Frenzied crowds dragged their burned, mutilated bodies and strung two of them from a bridge.
Economics and finance
About 50 nations pledged more than $4.4 billion in grants and loans to Afghanistan, with more than half coming from the United States.
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