Friday, 31 July 2015

July 31, 2015

300 years ago
1715


Disasters
Seven days after a Spanish treasure fleet of 12 ships left Havana for Spain, 11 of them sank in a storm off the coast of Florida. Treasure is salvaged from these wrecks almost 300 years later.

225 years ago
1790

Technology

The first U.S. patent was issued to Samuel Hopkins of Vermont for a process of making fertilizer.

150 years ago
1865


Transportation
The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opened at Grandchester, Queensland, Australia.

140 years ago
1875


Died on this date
Andrew Johnson, 66
. 17th president of the United States of America, 1865-1869. Mr. Johnson, a Democrat, represented Tennessee's 1st Congressional District from 1843-1853; was Governor of Tennessee from 1853-1857; represented Tennessee in the United States Senate from 1857-1862; was Military Governor of Tennessee from 1862-1865; and was Vice President of the United States from March 4-April 15, 1865 before replacing the assassinated Abraham Lincoln as President. Lacking political support from Republicans, he became the first U.S. President to be impeached, and came within one vote of conviction. Mr. Johnson served as a United States Senator from Tennessee again from March 5, 1875 until his death from a stroke.

130 years ago
1885


Crime
At his trial for treason in Regina, Metis leader Louis Riel made an eloquent address to the jury, saying he had been blessed by God with a mission to help the Indians, the Metis, and the whites of the North West; he repudiated any suggestions of religious insanity and asked to be judged solely on the political elements of his case.

80 years ago
1935


Baseball
Wes Ferrell hit 2 home runs in a game for the third time in his major league career as he pitched the Boston Red Sox to a 6-4 win over Bobo Newsom and the Washington Nationals at Griffith Stadium in Washington.

Mel Harder of the Cleveland Indians also hit 2 home runs, but lost 6-4 to the Chicago White Sox at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

75 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Udham Singh, 40
. Indian criminal. Mr. Singh was a pro-independeince activist who was hanged at Pentonville Prison in England for the March 13, 1940 assassination of Punjab Governor Michael O'Dwyer. Mr. O'Dwyer had been Governor when 379 unarmed Indians had been massacred at Amritsar in 1919, and his assassination was apparently in reprisal for this incident.

War
The United Kingdom announced the full application of its blockade to continental France. After telling the House of Commons that a crisis may soon be imminent, British Prime Miniser Winston Churchill wrote to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt urgently requesting destroyers and seaplanes to beat back a German invasion. Japanese planes bombed Chungking for four hours, killing 80 people.

Diplomacy
The Japanese Foreign Office announced that it would arrest all foreigners suspected of espionage.

Politics and government
Chinese Communist leader Chou En-lai left Chungking for Yenan with a reported agreement to end the dispute between the Kuomintang and Communist parties in China.

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate a national defense appropriations bill for rearmament of $4,963,151,957.

Oil
The U.S. State Department announced a flat ban on the export of aviation gasoline outside the Western Hemisphere.

Labour
Arthur J. Edwards charged that the system of recruiting southern U.S. Negroes to harvest summer crops in New Jersey amounted to a form of peonage.

Americana
Preliminary 1940 Census data indicated that the District of Columbia had registered the largest population gains of any major city in the decade 1930-1940.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): It Could Happen to You--Bing Crosby; Dinah Shore (2nd month at #1)

World events
Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, was flown from Barcelona to Linz, Austria, where he surrendered to Allied soldiers, who in turn handed him over to French authorities in Innsbruck.

Politics and government
King George VI appointed Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander as Governor General of Canada.

Education
The United Nations educational organization draft proposals were revealed by the U.S. State Department. Their objectives would be to facilitate consultation among educators; permit the free flow of ideas; and foster support for international peace.

Society
Australian Customs Minister Richard Keane banned the novel Forever Amber by Kathleen Winsor as an "undesirable book and not an acquisition to Australian literature." He said, "The Almighty did not give people eyes to read that rubbish."

Politics and government
In the New York City mayoral primary, William O'Dwyer became the candidate of both the Democratic Party and the American Labor Party.

Energy
U.S. Solid Fuels Administrator Harold Ickes told the Mead War Investigating Committee that the United States faced its "coldest" winter of the war because of lack of manpower in the coal mines.

Labour
The U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York ruled that ABC and NBC must bargain collectively with their disc jockeys through the National Association of Braodcast Engineers and Technicians (NABET), rather than the American Federation of Musicians, led by James Petrillo.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ganz Paris träumt von der Liebe--Caterina Valente (5th month at #1)

At the movies
Pete Kelly's Blues, directed by Jack Webb and starring Mr. Webb, Janet Leigh, Edmond O'Brien, and Peggy Lee, opened in theatres.

Swimming
Marilyn Bell arrived in Dover, England to complete a swim across the English Channel; the 17-year-old from Toronto was the youngest to date to accomplish the feat.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Told the Brook/Funny Face--Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs

#1 single in France: La Danse de Zorba--Mikis Theodorakis (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Il mondo--Jimmy Fontana (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Il Silenzio--Nini Rosso (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Wooly Bully--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Help!--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones (4th week at #1)
2 I'm Henry VIII, I Am--Herman's Hermits
3 What's New Pussycat?--Tom Jones
4 I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)--The Four Tops
5 Save Your Heart for Me--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
6 Cara, Mia--Jay & the Americans
7 I Like it Like That--The Dave Clark Five
8 What the World Needs Now is Love--Jackie DeShannon
9 Yes, I'm Ready--Barbara Mason
10 Don't Just Stand There--Patty Duke

Singles entering the chart were Like a Rolling Stone by Bob Dylan (#54); Nothing But Heartaches by the Supremes (#62); Looking Through the Eyes of Love by Gene Pitney (#67); Help! by the Beatles (#71); You were On My Mind by We Five (#73); Ju Ju Hand by Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs (#77); The "In" Crowd by the Ramsey Lewis Trio (#78); Heart Full of Soul by the Yardbirds (#79); A Little You by Freddie and the Dreamers (#80); If I Didn't Love You by Chuck Jackson (#82); Shake and Fingerpop by Jr. Walker and the All Stars (#84); Out in the Sun (Hey-O) by the Beach-Nuts (#94); Only Those in Love by Baby Washington (#95); He's Got No Love by the Searchers (#96); You're Gonna Make Me Cry by O.V. Wright (#98); and It Ain't Me Babe by the Turtles (#100).

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Give a Little Love--Bay City Rollers

At the movies
The Man from Hong Kong, starring Jimmy Wang Yu and George Lazenby, opened in theatres in Hong Kong. It was the first Australia-Hong Kong co-production to be filmed in both countries. The movie soon played in the United States under the title The Dragon Flies.

Died on this date
Max Flack, 85
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Flack was an outfielder with the Chicago Chi-Feds/Whales (1914-1915); Chicago Cubs (1916-1922); and St. Louis Cardinals ( 1922-1925), batting .278 with 35 home runs and 391 runs batted in in 1,411 games. He was picked off first base twice in the fourth game of the 1918 World Series and let a ball hit by Babe Ruth of the Boston Red Sox go over his head in right field, leading some modern historians to suggest that he was participating in a fix. Mr. Flack and outfielder Cliff Heathcote were traded for each other after a morning game at Cubs Park between the Cubs and Cardinals on May 30, 1922, and they played against each other for their new teams in the afternoon.

Politics and government
A military junta led by provisional President General Francisco da Costa Gomes assumed power in Portugal.

Economics and finance
New York City Mayor Abe Beame presented an economy program aimed at restoring confidence in the city's fiscal integrity.

Oil
The United States Congress voted to extend price controls on domestic oil for six months.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals released pitcher Ron Bryant, ending his major league career. Mr. Bryant pitched with the San Francisco Giants in 1968 and from 1969-1974. He led the major leagues in 1973 with 24 wins, but injured his side in a swimming pool accident in the off-season, and had a terrible 1974 season, going 3-15 with an earned run average of 5.60. He retired on April 4, 1975, but was traded to the Cardinals on May 9. He pitched in 10 games with St. Louis, compiling a record of 0-1 with an ERA of 16.00. Mr. Bryant left the major leagues with a record of 57-56 and an ERA of 4.02 in 205 games.

The California Angels purchased catcher and outfielder Adrian Garrett from the Wichita Aeros of the American Association, the AAA affiliate of the Chicago Cubs. He was batting .321 with 12 home runs and 48 runs batted in in 52 games with Wichita in 1975, after batting .095 with 1 homer and 6 RBIs in 16 games with the Cubs. The Angels also recalled utility player Bobby Valentine from the Salt Lake City Gulls of the Pacific Coast League, where he was batting .306 with no home runs and 17 runs batted in in 47 games, after batting .234 with 1 homer and 17 RBIs in 56 games with the Charleston Charlies of the International League. To make room on the roster, the Angels assigned infielder Winston Llenas and first baseman John Doherty to Salt Lake City. Mr. Llenas was batting .186 with no homers and 11 RBIs in 56 games with California. Mr. Doherty was batting .202 with 1 home run and 12 RBIs in 30 games, but was sent down the day after coming to bat as a pinch hitter in the bottom of the 9th inning and singling in the tying and winning runs in a 5-4 win over the Chicago White Sox. Mr. Doherty never returned to the major leagues.

Phil Roof's first home run of the season, a 3-run blast off Al Fitzmorris, climaxed a 4-run 4th inning as the Minnesota Twins defeated the Kansas City Royals 7-2 before 11,410 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Tony Oliva led off the Minnesota 4th inning with a home run; Steve Braun doubled, and Johnny Briggs drew a base on balls before Mr. Roof homered. Eric Soderholm also homered for Minnesota.

Jim Rice singled home Denny Doyle with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Boston Red Sox a 3-2 win over the Detroit Tigers in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 31,317 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Bill Lee allowed 11 hits in pitching a complete game victory. Roger Moret pitched a 9-hit complete game and struck out 8 as the Red Sox won 6-1 to complete the sweep.

Two intentional walks issued by St. Louis pitchers came around to score in the 8th inning, breaking a 3-3 tie and giving the Chicago Cubs a 5-3 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 19,058 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Paul Reuschel, the third Chicago pitcher, pitched 2 perfect innings for his first major league win.

Jim Dwyer, acquired six days earlier in a trade with the St. Louis Cardinals, drove in a run with a sacrifice fly in the 5th inning and hit an inside-the-park home run in the 7th inning to help the Montreal Expos defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 7-4 before 13,510 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal.

Rowland Office's 3-run home run off Mike Marshall with 1 out climaxed a 6-run 9th inning comeback as the Atlanta Braves beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 11-10 before 3,934 fans at Atlanta Stadium.

The Cincinnati Reds made 9 extra-base hits as they beat the San Francisco Giants 11-6 before 31,620 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Johnny Bench's 3-run home run was the big blow of a 6-run 2nd inning for the Reds. Cincinnati second baseman Darrel Chaney, normally a backup and a weak hitter, had 3 doubles in 4 at bats with 2 runs and 2 runs batted in. Clay Kirby started on the mound for Cincinnati and allowed 7 hits and 4 earned runs in 6+ innings, but was credited with the win, and doubled in a run and scored in the 2nd inning.

Heity Cruz of the Tulsa Oilers hit a 3-run home run and drove in another run with a single to earn Most Valuable Player honours as the American Association All-Stars defeated the Chicago White Sox 7-4 in the American Association All-Star Game before 11,615 fans at Mile High Stadium in Denver. MIke Adams of the Wichita Aeros also homered for the AA. Bill Stein hit a home run and a double for the White Sox, and Gerry Moses also homered for Chicago. Mark Littell of the Omaha Royals, the third of six AA pitchers, pitched the 4th and 5th innings without allowing a baserunner, and was the winning pitcher. Lloyd Allen pitched the first 7 innings for the White Sox and took the loss, allowing 8 hits and 7 runs--6 earned. It was Mr. Allen's last appearance in a Chicago uniform; he was sold to the St. Louis Cardinals the next day. Tony Komadina, who had been called up from the Appleton White Sox of the Class A Midwest League, pitched the 8th inning for Chicago, allowing 2 hits but no runs, and striking out a batter. The White Sox used pitchers Terry Forster and Jim Kaat as pinch hitters, and Mr. Forster singled in his at bat.

Bill Stearns hit a 2-run home run in the bottom of the 8th inning and Dave Cheadle pitched 4 scoreless innings of relief to get the win as the Syracuse Chiefs of the AAA International League defeated the parent New York Yankees 5-4 in an exhibition game at MacArthur Stadium in Syracuse.

The Baltimore Orioles allowed just 4 hits in blanking the Rochester Red Wings, their International League affiliate, 3-0 in an exhibition game at Silver Stadium in Rochester.

Gene Tenace and Angel Mangual hit home runs to help the Oakland Athletics defeat the Tucson Toros, their AAA Pacific Coast League affiliate, 10-3 in an exhibition game at Hi Corbett Field in Tucson.

The Salt Lake City Gulls of the Pacific Coast League edged their parent club, the California Angels, 3-2 in an exhibition game at Derks Field in Salt Lake City.

30 years ago
1985


Died on this date
Eugene Carson Blake, 78
. U.S. religious leader. Dr. Blake was Stated Clerk of the Presbyterian Church U.S.A. from 1951-1958; President of the National Council of Churches from 1954-1957; and General Secretary of the World Council of Churches in 1966. He was known for his liberal theological, social, and political views. Dr. Blake delivered a speech in 1960 that provided the impetus for the Consultation on Church Union, and helped to organize Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s March on Washington in 1963.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Hanky Panky--Madonna

Died on this date
Albert Leduc, 87
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Leduc, nicknamed "Battleship," was a defenceman with the Montreal Canadiens (1925-33, 1934-35); Ottawa Senators (1933-34); and New York Rangers (1933-34), scoring 93 points on 58 goals and 35 assists in 384 regular season games and 5 goals and 6 assists in 28 Stanley Cup games. He was a member of the Canadiens' Stanley Cup championship teams of 1929-30 and 1930-31.

Protest
Oka, Quebec Mayor Jean Ouellette got the Oka Town Council to reject a $1.34-million federal offer to buy disputed land for Mohawks, and $2.5 million compensation to town for lost economic opportunities.

Labour
16,000 Ontario and Quebec steel workers walked off the job at the Stelco and Algoma steel plants.

Baseball
Nolan Ryan picked up his 300th career major league victory as the Texas Rangers beat the Milwaukee Brewers 11-3 before 51,533 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Never Forget--Take That

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'll Be There for You--The Rembrandts (3rd week at #1)
2 Leave Virginia Alone--Rod Stewart
3 This Ain't a Love Song--Bon Jovi
4 Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me--U2
5 Made in England--Elton John
6 Misery--Soul Asylum
7 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men
8 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
9 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
10 December--Collective Soul

Singles entering the chart were Walk in the Sun by Bruce Hornsby (#81); I Saw You Dancing by Yaki-Da (#83); Young and in Love by The Pursuit of Happiness (#84); Every Road I Take by Eddie Schwartz (#89); Saviour by Colin James (#91); Let Me Be the One by Blessid Union of Souls (#92); Let it Rain by East 17 (#93); Think of You by Whigfield (#95); and Sexy Girl by Snow (#99).

Business
Walt Disney Co. agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC Inc. in a $19-billion deal.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Wim Duisenberg, 70
. Dutch economist and politician. Mr. Duisenberg, a member of the Labour Party, was the Netherlands' Minister of Finance from 1973-1977. He was the first President of the European Central Bank from 1998-2003, and was instrumental in introducing the euro into the European Union in 2002. Mr. Duisenberg drowned in his swimming pool after suffering a heart attack.

Wednesday, 29 July 2015

July 30, 2015

160 years ago
1855


Adventure
Jean-François Gravelet became the first person to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope.

150 years ago
1865


Died on this date
Etienne-Paschal Taché, 69
. Joint Premier of the Province of Canada, 1855-1857, 1864-1865. Dr. Taché, a physician, was Joint Premier of the Province of Canada for Canada East, with Allan MacNab for Canada West from 1855-1856 and John A. Macdonald from 1856-1857 and 1864-1865. Dr. Taché presided at the Quebec Conference in 1864 and was one of the Fathers of Confederation.

Disasters
The steamboat Brother Jonathan sank off the coast of Crescent City, California, killing 225 of 244 people aboard in the deadliest shipwreck on the Pacific coast of the United States at the time.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Casey Stengel
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Charles Dillon Stengel, who acquired his nickname from the initials of his birthplace of Kansas City, Missouri, was one of the most colourful characters in baseball history. He was an outfielder with the Brooklyn Dodgers/Superbas/Robins (1912-1917); Pittsburgh Pirates (1918-1919); Philadelphia Phillies (1920-1921); New York Giants (1921-1923); and Boston Braves (1924-1925), batting .284 with 60 home runs and 535 runs batted in in 1,277 games. He played in the World Series of 1916, 1922, and 1923, with the highlight probably being the first game of the 1923 World Series, when he hit an inside-the-park home run in the top of the 9th inning to give the Giants a 1-0 win over the New York Yankees in the first World Series game ever played at Yankee Stadium. As a manager, Mr. Stengel acquired the nickname "The Old Perfessor;" he managed the Dodgers (1934-1936) and Boston Bees and Braves (1938-1943) without success, but led the Milwaukee Brewers to the American Association pennant in 1944 and accomplished the same thing with the Oakland Oaks of the Pacific Coast League in 1948. He was then hired to manage the New York Yankees, and led them to 10 pennants and 7 World Series championships in 12 seasons from 1949-1960, including a record 5 straight World Series victories from 1949-1953. Mr. Stengel managed the expansion New York Mets from 1962-1965, but the untalented team posted the worst record in the major leagues every season, and he announced his retirement late in August 1965, a month after breaking his hip in a fall. Mr. Stengel retired with a major league managerial record of 1,905 wins and 1,842 losses in 25 seasons. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966, and died on September 29, 1975 at the age of 85.

Britannica
Florence Nightingale, the nurse who achieved fame for her work in the Crimean War (1853-1856), made a recording which is currently in the collection of the BBC Sound Archive.

75 years ago
1940


War
British Minister of Economic Warfare Hugh Dalton announced that all ships going to the European continent without navicerts would be subject to prize court action.

Diplomacy
Foreign ministers of the American republics at the Pan-American Consultative Conference in Havana signed the final accord dealing with economic and defense cooperation.

Politics and government
Al Smith, the Democratic Party's unsuccessful candidate for President of the United States in 1928, announced that he would support Republican nominee Wendell Willkie against incumbent President and fellow Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt in the November 1940 election.

70 years ago
1945


War
A group of 4,500 soldiers returned to Canada from fighting in Europe, arriving at Quebec City. The United States Navy cruiser USS Indianapolis, which had just delivered key components of the Hiroshima atomic bomb to the Pacific island of Tinian, was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-58. Only 316 out of 1,196 men survived the sinking and shark-infested waters.

Diplomacy
U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairmen Tom Connally (Democrat--Texas) and Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan) disagreed as to whether the President could act alone in appointing the U.S. delegate to the United Nations Security Council.

Politics and government
Chinese Premier T.V. Soong relinquished his post as Foreign Minister and was named vice-chairman of the joint administration office of the four government banks.

Defense
The U.S. Office of Defense Transportation announced that the 1,700 siezed Chicago truck lines would be returned to their owners on August 1, 1945.

Golf
Byron Nelson won the All American Tournament in Chicago.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Les Baxter and his Orchestra; Perez Prado and his Orchestra

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Rose Marie--Slim Whitman (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1); Learnin' the Blues--Frank Sinatra (Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (4th week at #1)
2 Learnin' the Blues--Frank Sinatra
3 Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
--Alan Dale
4 Unchained Melody--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
--Al Hibbler
--Roy Hamilton
5 Something's Gotta Give--The McGuire Sisters
--Sammy Davis, Jr.
6 Ain't That a Shame--Pat Boone
--Fats Domino
7 A Blossom Fell--Nat "King" Cole
8 Hard to Get--Gisele MacKenzie
9 Honey-Babe--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
10 Sweet and Gentle--Alan Dale
--Georgia Gibbs

Singles entering the chart were The Yellow Rose of Texas by Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (#40); The Bible Tells Me So by Don Cornell (#43); Sailor Boys Have Talk to Me in English by Rosemary Clooney (#44); Every Day by Patti Page (#48); and Don't Stay Away Too Long by Eddie Fisher (#49). Every Day was the B-side (or maybe the A-side) of Piddily Patter Patter, charting at #25. Don't Stay Away Too Long was the B-side (or maybe the A-side) of Song of the Dreamer, charting at #37.

At the movies
Mister Roberts, directed by John Ford and Mervyn LeRoy, and starring Henry Fonda, James Cagney, William Powell, and Jack Lemmon, opened in theatres.

Football
WIFU
Winnipeg Blue Bombers' intrasquad game
Blue 23 White 12

Buddy Leake scored a touchdown and 2 converts to lead Blue to victory at Winnipeg Stadium.

Edmonton Eskimos' intrasquad game
Gold 18 Green 6

Rookie Gino Fracas scored a touchdown and 3 converts for Gold as they defeated Green at Clarke Stadium. Frank Anderson and rookie Rollie Cook scored the other Gold touchdowns. Steve Mendryk scored the Green touchdown, converted by Bob Dean.

Baseball
The New York Giants sold pitcher Sal Maglie to the Cleveland Indians for $25,000. Mr. Maglie, in his seventh season with the Giants, had a record of 9-5 with an earned run average of 3.74 in 23 games with New York in 1955.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 I'm Henry VIII, I Am--Herman's Hermits (5th week at #1)
2 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
3 Down in the Boondocks--Billy Joe Royal
4 Trains and Boats and Planes--Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas
5 What's New Pussycat?--Tom Jones
6 I Like it Like That--The Dave Clark Five
7 Sunshine, Lollipops and Rainbows--Lesley Gore
8 Save Your Heart for Me--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
9 Help!--The Beatles
10 Don't Just Stand There--Patty Duke
Pick hit of the week: California Girls--The Beach Boys
New this week: Heart Full of Soul--The Yardbirds
It's the Only Way to Fly--Jewel Akens
It's the Same Old Song--The Four Tops
Houston--Dean Martin
The World Through a Tear--Neil Sedaka

Space
The United States launched the satellite Pegasus 3, whose mission was to study micrometeroids.

Law
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid. The ceremony took place at the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum in Independence, Missouri.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-0) 21 @ Edmonton (0-1) 14

Dave Raimey, who had spent the 1963 season on Winnipeg's injured list before joining the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League in 1964, finally played his first Canadian Football League game, and returned the opening kickoff 105 yards for a touchdown as the Blue Bombers defeated the Eskimos before 16,123 fans at Clarke Stadium in the first CFL regular season game ever played in July. Jim Thomas rushed for one Edmonton touchdown and John Greiner, playing his first game, scored his only CFL touchdown on a pass from Jon Anabo. Other players making their CFL debuts included Winnipeg linebacker Phil Minnick and Edmonton defensive end Ron Forwick. Including post-season games, the win was the 100th for Bud Grant since becoming head coach of the Blue Bombers in 1957. The win ended a 13-game losing streak for Winnipeg going back to August 1964.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Jimmy Hoffa, 62
. U.S. labour leader. Mr. Hoffa was president of the trucking union International Brotherhood of Teamsters from 1958-1971. He became involved with organized crime and was the subject of a vendetta on the party of U.S. Attorney General Robert F.Kennedy in the early 1960s. Mr. Hoffa was convicted of jury tampering and other charges in 1964 and was imprisoned from 1967-1971, but was released by U.S. President Richard Nixon, with the provision that Mr. Hoffa refrain from union activity until 1980, when his sentence would have ended. Mr. Hoffa, who had spent several years unsuccessfully trying to overturn the restriction on his union activity, was last seen in the back seat of a car leaving the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. on July 30, 1975. He was never seen or heard from again, and was declared legally dead on this date in 1982.

James Blish, 54. U.S. author. Mr. Blish was a fantasy and science fiction writer whose writings included adaptations of episodes of the television series Star Trek.

Diplomacy
A European summit conference opened in Helsinki with leaders from 33 European nations, the United States, and Canada.

Swimming
17-year-old Cindy Nicholas of Toronto set a women's record time for swimming the English Channel in 9 hours and 46 minutes.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-0) 31 @ Hamilton (0-2) 9
British Columbia (0-2) 28 @ Calgary (1-1) 30

Rookie quarterback Condredge Holloway, making his first regular season start, threw 4 touchdown passes to lead the Rough Riders over the Tiger-Cats at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Two of Mr. Holloway's touchdown passes went to tight end Tony Gabriel, who was playing his first game back in Hamilton after four seasons with the Tiger-Cats. Mr. Holloway's other TD passes went to running backs Art Green and John Bledsoe. Andy Hopkins rushed 1 yard for the only Hamilton touchdown in the 4th quarter. It was the first game in a Hamilton uniform for quarterback Jerry Keeling, who had started for the Rough Riders in their season opener a week earlier.

Backup quarterback Karl Douglas completed an 18-yard touchdown pass to Glen Scolnik on the last play of the game to give the Stampeders their win over the Lions before 23,010 fans at McMahon Stadium. Several B.C. players and other observers claimed that Mr. Douglas had crossed the line of scrimmage when he threw the ball. The Stampeders trailed 28-14 midway through the 4th quarter before Cyril McFall kicked a 43-yard field goal with 7:02 remaining and Mr. Douglas, who had replaced starter Joe Pisarcik at 3:15 of the final quarter, connected with Rudy Linterman for a 12-yard TD with 2:23 remaining, followed by an unsuccessful 2-point convert attempt. The Stampeders also scored 2 touchdowns in the last 2:11 of the 2nd quarter on a 1-yard rush by Rick Galbos and a 35-yard pass from Mr. Pisarcik to Tom Forzani. B.C. quarterback Don Moorhead rushed for 3 touchdowns and passed 27 yards to Jim Young in the 1st quarter for the other B.C. TD.

Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates released infielder Paul Popovich, ending his career. In 25 games in 1975, Mr. Popovich was batting .200 with no home runs and 1 run batted in. His last appearance came a week before his release, when he singled as a pinch hitter and scored. Mr. Popovich played with the Chicago Cubs (1964, 1966-1967, 1969-1973); Los Angeles Dodgers (1968-1969); and Pittsburgh Pirates (1974-1975), batting .233 with 14 home runs and 134 runs batted in in 682 games. On June 11,1969, he was part of a three-team trade that saw him go from the Dodgers to the Montreal Expos and promptly from the Expos to the Cubs.

Willie Davis's 3-run home run was the big blow as the St. Louis Cardinals scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning and defeated the New York Mets 5-2 before 14,226 fans--including this blogger and his parents--at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Mets scored both their runs in the 1st inning. St. Louis shortstop Larry Lintz, making his first start and second appearance since being acquired five days earlier in a trade with the Montreal Expos, walked and scored the Cardinals' first run. He also singled and made an error. John Curtis pitched a 10-hit complete game victory, while New York starting and losing pitcher Randy Tate lasted just 1 2/3 innings, allowing 5 hits, 5 bases on balls, and 5 earned runs.

Steve Rogers pitched an 8-hit complete game victory and singled home the game's first run as the Montreal Expos defeated the Chicago Cubs 6-1 before 11,117 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Montreal first baseman Mike Jorgensen batted 3 for 4 with a home run and a double.

Manny Sanguillen batted 5 for 5 with a home run, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Philadelphia Phillies 8-1 before 43,260 fans at Three Rivers Stadium. Jerry Reuss pitched a 9-hit complete game victory.

Johnny Bench batted 3 for 3 with 2 doubles, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the Cincinnati Reds defeated the San Francisco Giants 6-1 before 28,568 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Pat Darcy pitched an 8-hit complete game for the win, ending a major league record streak of 45 games for the Reds without a complete game.

The Houston Astros scored 5 runs in the 6th inning and 3 in the 8th as they defeated the San Diego Padres 8-4 before 7,547 fans at the Astrodome. The first 5 Houston runs scored on a 3-run home run by Jose Cruz and a 2-run homer by Doug Rader. Jose Sosa, making just his third appearance in the major leagues, entered the game as a relief pitcher for Houston in the top of the 8th; in the bottom of the inning, he hit a 3-run homer in his first major league at bat. Mr. Sosa then pitched a scoreless 9th inning to get his first major league save, with Doug Konieczny getting the win.

Doubles by Bobby Bonds and Roy White and a single by Thurman Munson produced 2 runs in the bottom of the 6th inning, enabling the New York Yankees to edge the Detroit Tigers 2-1 before 12,591 fans at Shea Stadium in New York in a game that was completed in 1 hour and 52 minutes. Rudy May pitched a 3-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Mickey Lolich, who pitched a 5-hit complete game.

Johnny Ellis hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 8th inning to break a 1-1 tie and give the Cleveland Indians a 3-1 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 13,998 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Dennis Eckersley pitched a 4-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Mike Cuellar, who also pitched a 4-hitter.

Fred Patek batted 4 for 5 with a double, a run, and 3 runs batted in as the Kansas City Royals defeated the Minnesota Twins 6-4 before 6,906 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Kansas City third baseman George Brett was 3 for 4.

Bert Campaneris hit a home run in the 3rd inning for the game's only run as the Oakland Athletics edged the Texas Rangers 1-0 before 6,631 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum in a game that took just 1 hour and 44 minutes to play. Ken Holtzman allowed 5 hits in 8 1/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Ferguson Jenkins, who also allowed only 5 hits. When Toby Harrah and Tom Grieve singled in the top of the 9th inning, Rollie Fingers relieved Mr. Holtzman and struck out Jeff Burroughs, and Paul Lindblad relived Mr. Fingers and retired Jim Spencer on a ground out to end the game.

The California Angels scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Chicago White Sox 5-4 before 11,095 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Jim Kaat pitched 8+ innings for Chicago, but left after walking Lee Stanton and allowing singles by Tommy Harper and John Balaz to load the bases. Goose Gossage relieved Mr. Kaat and promptly walked Joe Lahoud to force in a run, and pinch hitter John Doherty followed with a single to score Messrs. Harper and Balaz to end the game. Nolan Ryan pitched a complete game to get the win for the Angels, walking 7 batters and striking out 5 as his record for the season improved to 12-11. Mr. Kaat took the loss, dropping to 15-8. For Mr. Doherty, his game-winning hit marked his last appearance in a major league game; he was demoted to the Salt Lake City Gulls of the Pacific Coast League, and remained at the AAA level through the end of his career in 1978.

25 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Ian Gow, 53
. U.K. politician. Mr. Gow, the Member of Parliament for Eastbourne since 1974, former cabinet minister, and close adviser and friend to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, was killed at his home in Hankham, East Sussex, when a bomb blew up his car. Mr. Gow had been a frequent critic of the Irish Republican Army.

World events
At least 200 civilians, and possibly many more, were killed when Liberian government troops stormed a Lutheran church in Monrovia.

Protest
Quebec Superior Court Judge John Gomery denied Mohawks a temporary injunction to remove police roadblocks at the Oka reserve, ruling that the roadblocks were justified because the Mohawks were breaking the law.

Defense
Goose Bay Newfoundland - US announces it will withdraw planes and troops from Canadian Forces Base Goose Bay Labrador by following July; may cost 237 jobs and $25 million in economic benefits; after 48 years on the base.

Economics and finance
In testimony before a U.S. House of Representatives committee, Resolution Trust Corporation Chairman William Seidman and U.S. Treasury Secretary Robert Glauber said that RTC would need up to $100 billion in fiscal 1991 to continue the savings and loan bailout effort. This was twice the amount of money previously allocated for the rescue operation. A slump in real estate values and a higher failure rate among thrift institutions were blamed for the need for more money.

Business
Victor Rice announced that Varity Corporation--formerly Massey-Ferguson--would reincorporate in Buffalo, New York.

Scandal
Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent banned New York Yankees’ owner George Steinbrenner for life from day-to-day operation of the team, and ordered him to resign as the club’s general partner by August 20. The ruling resulted from Mr. Steinbrenner’s payment of $40,000 to known gambler Howie Spira to obtain damaging information about outfielder Dave Winfield. When the announcement was flashed on the Yankee Stadium scoreboard, fans reacted with a 90-second standing ovation.

Baseball
In the game that featured the announcement and ovation for the banishment of New York Yankees' owner George Steinbrenner, the Yankees defeated the Detroit Tigers 6-2 before 24,037 fans at Yankee Stadium. Rookie center fielder Oscar Azocar led the Yankees, batting 3 for 4 with a home run, 3 runs, 2 runs batted in, and a stolen base. Dave LaPoint pitched a 6-hit complete game victory. Cecil Fielder hit his 33rd homer of the season for Detroit.

The Atlanta Braves edged the San Diego Padres 4-3 in 11 innings before 18,076 fans at San Diego-Jack Murphy Stadium despite surrendering Jack Clark’s 300th career major league home run, which had tied the game with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning. Oddibe McDowell led off the top of the 11th with a home run off Calvin Schiraldi for the winning run.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Wish You were Here--Rednex (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Wish You were Here--Rednex (3rd week at #1)

War
Six weeks of peace talks, overseen by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, concluded with an agreement to end fighting between the forces of Russia and the breakaway republic of Chechnya.

Business
Moore Corporation launched a hostile U.S. $1.3-billion takeover bid for high-technology competitor Wallace Computer Services Inc.

Football
CFL
San Antonio (3-3) 36 @ Saskatchewan (0-5) 15

David Archer threw touchdown passes of 75 yards to Myron Wise and 6 yards to Joe Kralik as the Texans built a 29-3 halftime lead and coasted to victory over the Roughriders before 22,215 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Mike Saunders rushed 7 yards for the other San Antonio TD late in the game. Roman Anderson added 3 converts and 5 field goals. Quarterback Warren Jones scored the only Saskatchewan touchdown on a 20-yard rush in the 4th quarter, followed by a 2-point convert pass to Darren Joseph.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Ray Cunningham, 100
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Cunningham was a third baseman and second baseman who played 3 games with the St. Louis Cardinals in 1931 and 11 games in 1932, batting .154 with no home runs and 1 run batted in. An injury to his throwing arm reportedly shortened his major league career. Mr. Cunningham played with various minor league teams from at least 1926-1936.

John Garang, 60. President of Southern Sudan Autonomous Region, 2005. Mr. Garang, an economist of Dinka ethnicity, led the Sudan People's Liberation Army during the Second Sudanese Civil War. He was killed in a helicopter crash just 21 days after taking office, and was succeeded by Salva Kiir Mayardit.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-5) 30 @ Edmonton (5-1) 36

Ricky Ray completed 25 of 36 passes for 369 yards and 5 touchdowns as the Eskimos withstood a determined effort from the Tiger-Cats before 38,018 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Jason Tucker led the Eskimos with 8 receptions for 122 yards and 2 touchdowns, with Mathieu Bertrand, Trevor Gaylor, and Mookie Mitchell scoring the other Edmonton TDs. Danny McManus started at quarterback for Hamilton and threw a touchdown pass to D.J. Flick, and backup quarterback Marcus Brady completed 2 TD passes to former Eskimo Chris Brazzell.

Tuesday, 28 July 2015

July 29, 2015

1,400 years ago
615


Mexicana
K'inich Janaab' Pakal acceded to the throne of the Maya city state of Palenque (in modern southern Mexico) at the age of 12.

450 years ago
1565


Married on this date
The widowed Mary, Queen of Scots married Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Duke of Albany at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh.

130 years ago
1885


Transportation
The Canadian Pacific Railway completed the British Columbia leg from Port Moody to Savona's Ferry.

125 years ago
1890

Died on this date
Vincent Van Gogh, 37
. Dutch artist. Mr. Van Gogh, who epitomized the stereotype of the "mad artist," died in France two days after shooting himself, having sold just one painting in his lifetime.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Francis W. Sargent
. U.S. politician. Mr. Sargent, a Republican, was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts from 1967-1969 and Governor of Massachusetts from 1969-1975. He advocated protection of the environment, no-fault auto insurance, and racial balancing of school districts. He also instituted the weekend furlough program for convicts, which became infamous in the late 1980s when a violent criminal named Willie Horton raped a woman and beat her fiance while on a furlough during the time that Mr. Sargent's successor, Michael Dukakis, was Governor. Mr. Sargent died on October 21, 1998 at the age of 83.

75 years ago
1940


War
Chinese sources admitted that Japanese coastal activity off Fukien and Kwangtung was effectively blockading those regions.

World events
Cairo reported that German agents were attempting to instigate a coup d'etat to dethrone King Mohammed Zahir Shah of Afghanistan.

Diplomacy
Spain and Portugal signed a protocol pledging neutral consultation in case of war threats.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress for authority to call up the National Guard for extensive training. A Gallup Poll reported that 67% of the American people favoured universal military training, a 3% increase in the last month.

Politics and government
Republican Party presidential candidate Wendell Willkie claimed that the 1940 U.S. presidential election would create political realignment centring around acceptance or rejection of President Roosevelt's New Deal economic policies.

70 years ago
1945


Radio
The BBC Light Programme station was launched for mainstream light entertainment and music.

War
Japanese Prime Minister Kantaro Suzuki said that the Imperial government would take no notice of the Potsdam ultimatum warning Japan to surrender, claiming that it was no different from previous Allied statements.

World events
Colonel Osmin Aguirre y Salinas was reportedly being held in El Salvador as the leader of a plot to overthrow the government.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman said that he was opposed to sending the wives and families of U.S. occupation troops to Germany because he didn't want Americans to settle in Europe.

Science
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers Medal was awarded to Dr. William Durand for his work in hydro-dynamic and aerodynamic science, particularly in the area of jet propulsion.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Rose Marie--Slim Whitman

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds (2nd week at #1)

At the movies
Help!, starring the Beatles, received its world premiere screening at the London Pavilion Theatre. Princess Margaret and her husband Lord Snowdon were among those in attendance.

Ship of Fools, starring Vivien Leigh, Simone Signoret, Lee Marvin, and many others, opened in theatres.

War
The first 4,000 U.S. 101st Airborne Division paratroopers arrived in Vietnam, landing at Cam Ranh Bay.

40 years ago
1975


World events
Nigerian President General Yakubu Gowon was deposed by a bloodless military coup while he was in Uganda, representing Nigeria at a summit meeting of the Organization of African Unity. The deposed leaders were not arrested, but "retired," and included all officers of major-general rank or higher. Almost 8,000 civil servants were also dismissed. The new head of state was Brigadier Murtala Ramat Muhammad, a Muslim from the northern tribe, the Hausa.

Turkish troops took over U.S. military bases in Turkey after the U.S. House of Representatives refused to lift an an arms embargo.

Diplomacy
The Organization of American States lifted its diplomatic and commercial sanctions against Cuba.

Politics and government
The United States Congress overrode President Gerald Ford's veto and enacted a $2-billion health bill.

Crime
An Edmonton police officer shot and wounded two teenagers who were inside a van that just missed hitting another police officer near the Exhibition grounds.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-0) 24 @ Montreal (1-1) 20
Winnipeg (1-1) 22 @ Edmonton (1-0) 28

Ron Lancaster completed an 85-yard touchdown pass to Rhett Dawson with 1:09 remaining in the game to give the Roughriders their win over the Alouettes before 25,393 fans at Autostade. The touchdown came just 22 seconds after the Alouettes had tied the game on a 27-yard pass from Sonny Wade to Skip Eaman and a 2-point convert pass from Mr. Wade to Peter Dalla Riva. Mr. Lancaster connected with Tom Campana for a touchdown in each of the first 2 quarters; Brian Berg converted both and kicked a 19-yard field goal at 1:15 of the 4th quarter to give Saskatchewan a 17-0 lead. Montreal came back with 2 touchdown passes from Mr. Wade to Mr. Dalla Riva, but were unsuccessful on 2-point convert attempts after both TDs. It was the final game for Montreal punter and halfback Dave Lewis, who had played with the Alouettes from 1967-1968 before going to the American and National Football Leagues for 6 years. He suffered a knee injury and subsequently left the team. In 2 games in 1975, Mr. Lewis punted 7 times for a 41.0-yard average, and caught 1 pass for 13 yards.

Tom Wilkinson completed a 29-yard touchdown pass to Larry Highbaugh with 1:38 remaining to give the Eskimos their win over the Blue Bombers before 23,927 fans at Clarke Stadium. Winnipeg led 21-10 after the 1st quarter and a scoreless 2nd quarter on touchdown rushes of 28 yards by Richard Crump and quarterback Chuck Ealey and a 53-yard pass from Mr. Ealey to Brian Jack on the last play of the quarter. The only Edmonton touchdown of the 1st half came on an 83-yard pass from Mr. Wilkinson to Garry Lefebvre. Mr. Lefebvre's next reception came in the 3rd quarter, a 10-yard gain on which he suffered a broken left leg and suspected ankle and ligament damage. The injury kept him out for the rest of the regular season. The Eskimos began their comeback in the 2nd half with a 39-yard TD pass from Mr. Wilkinson to George McGowan, who picked on rookie Winnipeg defensive back Ray Odums for 123 yards on 7 receptions. Dave Cutler converted all 3 Edmonton touchdowns and added 2 field goals and a single.

Baseball
Ron Fairly drove in 3 runs with a home run and 2 singles as the St. Louis Cardinals beat the New York Mets 5-3 in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 31,431 fans, including this blogger and his parents, at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Lynn McGlothen won the pitching matchup with Tom Seaver. Del Unser batted 4 for 6 with 2 runs and 4 runs batted in as the Mets won the second game 11-6. Tom Hall started on the mound for New York and allowed 8 hits and 3 earned runs in 5 innings, but was still the winning pitcher; he also singled twice for his only hits of the season and scored his only 2 runs of the season. Ron Reed allowed 11 hits and 7 runs--4 earned--in 7 innings to take the loss. Ron Bryant, the third St. Louis pitcher, allowed 1 hit and 1 base on balls, but no runs in 1 1/3 innings in what turned out to be his last game.

Tom Underwood pitched a 4-hit complete game and doubled in 2 runs as the Philadelphia Phillies scored 4 runs in the 4th inning and beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-1 before 33,340 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Willie Randolph made his major league debut, playing the entire game at second base for the Pirates. He singled once in 4 at bats; made 3 putouts and 4 assists; participated in a double play; and made an error.

Blue Moon Odom pitched 8 2/3 innings, allowing 5 hits and 2 earned runs, to get his first National League win as the Atlanta Braves defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers 4-2 before 4,906 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Mr. Odom was relieved by Elias Sosa with the score 4-0 and the bases loaded with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning. Ron Cey doubled in 2 runs, and Mr. Sosa was promptly replaced by Tom House, who retired Steve Yeager to end the game.

Don Money and Darrell Porter hit consecutive home runs to lead off the game and Jim Colborn pitched a 7-hitter as the Milwaukee Brewers blanked the Boston Red Sox 4-0 before 33,506 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. Money also homered in the 3rd inning. Milwaukee center fielder Gorman Thomas struck out in his first 2 at bats to tie the American League record for non-pitchers of 8 consecutive strikeouts; he broke the streak by grounding into a double play in the 6th inning. Losing pitcher Diego Segui, making his first start in more than three years, pitched a complete game, allowing 10 hits and 4 earned runs while striking out 11 batters and walking just 1.

Lee May and Bobby Grich each drove in 3 runs and Mike Torrez pitched a 6-hit complete game victory as the Baltimore Orioles beat the Cleveland Indians 7-1 before 11,717 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Thurman Munson, celebrating the birth of his son, drove in 2 runs as the New York Yankees ended a 27-inning scoring drought and beat the Detroit Tigers 4-2 before 13,410 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Munson ended the Yankees' shutout streak by driving in a run with a ground out in the 1st inning. The run was unearned, set up by an error by Detroit first baseman Jack Pierce, who was on a dubious streak of his own, making an error in his fifth straight game. George Medich pitched 8 2/3 innings, allowing 8 hits and 2 earned runs, to win the pitching matchup with Joe Coleman. It was the first major league game for two Detroit players: right fielder Billy Baldwin played the entire game and singled once in 4 at bats and participated in a double play (catching a line drive by Fred Stanley and throwing to Mr. Pierce to double off Lou Piniella), while Gene Pentz pitched the last 3 innings, allowing no hits or runs, walking 2 batters and striking out 4.

Toby Harrah hit his first career major league grand slam as the Texas Rangers beat the Oakland Athletics 6-1 before 6,522 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Steve Hargan pitched an 8-hit complete game towin the pitching matchup with Jim Perry.

Hal Breeden hit 2 home runs and Jim Cox added another as the Memphis Blues beat the Syracuse Chiefs 5-1 in an International League game.

The Evansville Triplets swept an American Association doubleheader from the Oklahoma City 89ers 10-3 and 8-2. Dennis DeBarr pitched a 6-hitter to win the first game, with home run help from Ed Kurpiel and Bruce Kimm. Ed Glynn pitched a 4-hitter to win the second game, with home run help from Bob Molinaro.

The El Paso Diablos routed the Arkansas Travelers 20-5 in a Texas League game.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Crazy for You--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ore-tachi no Rockabilly Night--The Checkers (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Tarzan Boy--Baltimora (2nd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Jacques Lemaire resigned as coach of the Montreal Canadiens after less than two years in the position. He had replaced Bob Berry with 17 games remaining in the 1983-84 season, leading them to a 7-10-0 record in the regular season and a birth in the Prince of Wales Conference finals, their deepest run into the Stanley Cup playoffs in five years. In 1984-85, the Canadiens compiled a record of 41-27-12, finishing first in the Adams Division with 94 points, but were eliminated in the division finals.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): U Can't Touch This/Dancin' Machine--MC Hammer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Verdammt - ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Verdammt - ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Bruno Kreisky, 79
. Chancellor of Austria, 1970-1983. Mr. Kreisky, a Jewish agnostic, was a Socialist and served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the coalition cabinets of Chancellors Julius Raab, Alfons Gorbach, and Josef Klaus from 1959-1966. The Socialists won a plurality of seats in the March 1970 elections, and Mr. Kreisky became Chancellor, becoming more powerful when the Socialists won a majority in the October 1971 elections. Under Mr. Kreisky, sodomy and abortion were decriminalized. Mr. Kreisky resigned after the Socialists lost their absolute majority in the Nationalrat in the April 1983 elections, and he declined to form a minority government.

Personal
This blogger spent the evening in the company of a certain lovely lady in High Park in Toronto.

Baseball
Scott Garrelts of the San Francisco Giants was one out away from a no-hitter when he gave up a single to Paul O’Neill. Mr. Garrelts finished with a 1-hit 4-0 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 55,792 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Losing pitcher Jack Armstrong pitched a complete game, allowing 8 hits and 4 earned runs.

The Boston Red Sox set an American League record with 12 doubles in a 13-3 win over the Detroit Tigers before 28,631 fans at Tiger Stadium. Wade Boggs led the Red Sox with 3 doubles.

The Toronto Blue Jays led the Texas Rangers 9-7 after 4 innings and held on to win 10-8 before 49,853 fans at SkyDome in Toronto to maintain their 1-game lead over the Red Sox atop the American League East Division.

The Milwaukee Brewers scored 3 runs--2 unearned--in the top of the 11th inning and withstood a 2-run rally to defeat the Chicago White Sox 9-8 before 33,353 fans at Comiskey Park. The White Sox made 19 hits, but also made 4 errors.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me--U2 (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Dub-I-Dub--Me & My

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Conquest of Paradise--Vangelis (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): So Good--Boyzone

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Waterfalls--TLC (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Waterfalls--TLC (4th week at #1)
2 One More Chance/Stay with Me--Notorious B.I.G.
3 I Can Love You Like That--All-4-One
4 Don't Take it Personal (Just One of Dem Days)--Monica
5 Someone to Love--Jon B featuring Babyface
6 Run-Around--Blues Traveler
7 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
8 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
9 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men
10 Every Little Thing I Do--Soul for Real

Singles entering the chart were I Wanna B with U by Fun Factory (#68); Warm Summer Daze by Vybe (#70); Sugar Hill by AZ (#76); and Don't Ever Touch Me (Again) by Dionne Farris (#88).

Died on this date
Les Elgart, 77
. U.S. musician. Mr. Elgart was a trumpeter who performed in the bands of Raymond Scott, Charlie Spivak, and Harry James in the 1940s. He and his brotehr Larry, a saxophonist, formed their own band and had success recording albums of "easy listening" music in the 1950s and '60s. Les Elgart died five days before his 78th birthday.

Football
CFL
Toronto (2-3) 10 @ Memphis (3-3) 7 (OT)
Baltimore (4-1) 36 @ Birmingham (3-2) 8

Wayne Lammle's 37-yard field goal with 1 second left in the 2nd half of overtime gave the Argonauts their win over the Mad Dogs before 20,183 fans at Liberty Bowl Stadium in a game without a touchdown, in part because the dimensions of the field were smaller than those of the usual Canadian football field.

Tracy Ham threw 2 touchdown passes to Chris Armstrong and another to Shannon Culver as the Stallions routed the Barracudas before 30,729 fans at Legion Field. The only Birmingham touchdown came on a 28-yard pass from Matt Dunigan to Delius Morris in the 2nd quarter.

10 years ago
2005


Space
The discovery of the dwarf planet Eris was announced. The discovery had been made on January 5, 2005 by astronomers Michael E. Brown, C.A. Trujillo, and D.L. Rabinowitz at the Palomar Observatory in California. Eris is roughly three times the distance from the Sun of Pluto.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-3) 21 @ Saskatchewan (3-3) 16
Calgary (2-3) 27 @ British Columbia (5-0) 40

July 28, 2015

475 years ago
1540

Died on this date
Thomas Cromwell, 55 (?)
. English politician and diplomat. Mr. Cromwell was King Henry VIII’s chief minister from 1532-1540, and was among the strongest supporters of making the king head of the Church of England. Mr. Cromwell supervised the suppression of monasteries, which made him very unpopular with the clergy. He negotiated King Henry’s marriage to Anne of Cleves in order to secure for Henry VIII the support of German Protestants, and when the marriage proved disastrous, Mr. Cromwell’s enemies, notably the Duke of Norfolk, used it as an opportunity to move against him. Mr. Cromwell was imprisoned in the Tower of London on June 10 and was beheaded there. His head was boiled and set upon a spike on London Bridge, facing away from the city.

Married on this date
King Henry VIII of England married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.

140 years ago
1875


Baseball
Joe Borden of the Philadelphia Athletics pitched the only no-hitter in the five-year history of the National Association as the Athletics shut out the Chicago White Stockings 4-0 at Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia.

125 years ago
1890


Canadiana
The first electric street lighting in Trois-Rivières, Quebec began operating.

Baseball
Mickey Welch earned his 300th career major league win as the New York Giants beat the Pittsburgh Alleghenys 4-2 in front of just 147 fans at Recreation Park in Pittsburgh.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Charles H. Townes
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Townes shared the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics with Nicolay Basov and Aleksandr Prokhorov of the U.S.S.R. "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser–laser principle." He died on January 27, 2015 at the age of 99.

80 years ago
1935


Defense
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bomber made its first flight, with Boeing chief test pilot Leslie Tower at the controls.

Baseball
After losing 4-1 in the first game of a doubleheader against the Philadelphia Phillies at Braves Field, the Boston Braves rallied from a 10-5 deficit after 6 1/2 innings with 2 runs in the 7th, 3 in the 8th, and 1 in the 9th to win the second game 11-10. Ben Cantwell pitched the 9th inning for Boston and was credited with the win, improving his record for the season to 3-14.

The New York Giants swept a doubleheader from the Brooklyn Dodgers 6-0 and 1-0. Carl Hubbell and Slick Castleman were the respective winning pitchers over Dutch Leonard and George Earnshaw. Mel Ott’s home run in the 6th inning was the only scoring in the second game.

Ted Lyons tied a record with 2 doubles in an inning as the Chicago White Sox scored 10 runs in the 2nd inning on their way to a 14-6 win over the St. Louis Browns in the first game of a doubleheader at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Browns won the second game 4-3, scoring a run in the bottom of the 8th and 2 in the 9th.

75 years ago
1940


War
German planes intensified their assault on Britain. British sources interpreted this as a prelude to invasion.

Diplomacy
Japanese authorities arrested 11 British subjects on espionage charges.

Politics and government
Germany announced the partition of France into five administrative divisions.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and Afghanistan completed a commercial agreement.

Labour
The U.S. National Small Businessmen's Association asserted that U.S. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins had halted the deportation of about 700 undesirable aliens.

Baseball
Charlie Keller hit 3 home runs and Joe DiMaggio hit 2 as the New York Yankees edged the Chicago White Sox 10-9 in the first game of a doubleheader before 39,537 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Messrs. Keller and DiMaggio twice hit back-to-back homers. Skeeter Webb batted 5 for 6 for the White Sox. The White Sox took the second game 8-4.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers

War
U.S. planes attacked six Japanese cities that had been warned by leaflets dropped the previous night.

Diplomacy
Two days after succeeding Winston Churchill as British Prime Minister, Clement Attlee arrived in Potsdam, Germany to take his place at the Potsdam Conference.

The United States Senate, with only William Langer (Republican--North Dakota) and Henrik Shipstead (Republican--Minnesota) dissenting, voted 89-2 in favour of the United Nations Charter.

Politics and government
Dr. Jose Luis Bustaments Rivero took office as President of Peru.

The Communist Party U.S.A. formally deposed chairman and general secretary Earl Browder and named William Z. Foster as the new party leader.

World events
An Egyptian military court sentenced Mahmud Issawy to hang for the assassination of former Prime Minister Ahmed Meher Pasha.

Disasters
A U.S. Army B-25 bomber crashed into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building in New York City, killing 14 and injuring 26.

60 years ago
1955


Politics and government
Montreal brewery executive Hartland Molson was appointed to the Canadian Senate by Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent. Mr. Molson was an independent Senator who represented Alma, Quebec.

War
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announced that he was increasing the number of American troops in South Vietnam from 75,000-125,000.

Politics and government
Pierre Harmel succeeded Theodore Lefevre as Prime Minister of Belgium, leading a coalition of Socialists and Christian Democrats.

Diplomacy
Arthur Goldberg was named to succeed the late Adlai Stevenson as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations; Mr. Stevenson had died in London on July 14.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Bye Bye Baby--Bay City Rollers

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kokoro Nokori--Takashi Hosokawa

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Bella Sin Alma--Richard Cocciante (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Nat Pierce, 62
. U.S. football player. Mr. Pierce played left guard with Fordham University from 1934-1936 as one of the linemen who became nationally famous as "Seven Blocks of Granite." The right guard was future coaching legend Vince Lombardi, and the center was Alex Wojciehowicz, who ended up in the Professional Football Hall of Fame. After his playing career with Fordham ended, Mr. Pierce coache high school football and served as Fordham's line coach before working as sales manager for a sporting goods firm on Long Island in New York.

Albertana
A statue of a giant Easter egg, billed as the world's largest, was dedicated in Vegreville.

Diplomacy
The Organization of African Unity began its 12th annual summit meeting in the Ugandan capital of Kampala.

Baseball
The New York Mets purchased pitcher Skip Lockwood from the Tucson Toros--the Pacific Coast League affiliate of the Oakland Athletics--and assigned him to the Tidewater Tides of the International League. In 30 games with Tucson in 1975, Mr. Lockwood had a record of 6-2 with an earned run average of 4.39, 10 saves, and 2 shutouts.

Dan Driessen hit a 3-run in the bottom of the 1st inning to give the Cincinnati Reds a 3-0 lead as they went on to defeat the San Francisco Giants 8-4 before 28,044 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. The Reds set a major league record of 44 consecutive games without a complete game, as starting pitcher Gary Nolan was pulled after allowing 7 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 2 2/3 innings. He was relieved by Pedro Borbon, who allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 5 innings to get the win.

The New York Mets led 10-1 after 5 1/2 innings and held on to beat the St. Louis Cardinals 11-7 before 19,406 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. New York second baseman Felix Millan batted 4 for 6 with 2 doubles, 3 runs, and 3 runs batted in. St. Louis third baseman Ken Reitz was 4 for 4 with a double, home run, 2 runs, and 2 RBIs. Willie Davis and Ted Simmons each had 3 hits for St. Louis. Jon Matlack started on the mound for New York and allowed 10 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 5 2/3 innings, but was still the winning pitcher. Bob Apodaca allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 3 1/3 innings but still got the save, and batted 2 for 2 with a run. Bob Forsch started on the mound for St. Louis and allowed 9 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 5 innings to take the loss. Ron Bryant allowed 4 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 5 runs--4 earned--in 1 inning of relief. Mr. Simmons allowed 3 passed balls.

Dave Freisleben pitched a 5-hitter and drove in the winning run with a force out in the 5th inning as the San Diego Padres shut out the Houston Astros 2-0 before 6,826 fans at the Astrodome. Losing pitcher Larry Dierker allowed just 5 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings. Willie McCovey hit a home run off relief pitcher Wayne Granger in the 9th inning for the other run.

Carlton Fisk batted 4 for 4 with 2 home runs and 5 runs batted in, and singled in the winning run with the bases loaded and 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning as the Boston Red Sox edged the Milwaukee Brewers 7-6 before 33,606 fans at Fenway Park in Boston in the NBC Monday Night Baseball telecast.

The Baltimore Orioles scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to tie the game, but Charlie Spikes, who had hit a solo home run in the 3rd inning, singled in 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to give the Cleveland Indians a 7-5 win before 15,300 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Vern Ruhle pitched a 6-hit shutout as the Detroit Tigers blanked the New York Yankees 3-0 before 11,244 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Detroit designated hitter Willie Horton batted 3 for 4, and his home run leading off the 2nd inning provided the winning run. The shutout was the third straight against the Yankees, all at home. The win was the last for the Tigers until August 16, as they embarked on a 19-game losing streak.

Lyman Bostock batted 4 for 6 with 2 doubles and singled with the bases loaded and 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Minnesota Twins a 9-8 win over the Kansas City Royals before 6,829 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Minnesota right fielder Jerry Terrell singled 4 times in 5 at bats and drove in 2 runs. Kansas City first baseman John Mayberry drove in 3 runs with 2 doubles and a single. Ray Corbin started on the mound for Minnesota and allowed 8 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 3+ innings in the last game of his 5-year major league career. Bone chips in his right elbow ended his season, and he never played in the majors again, playing just 2 games with the Orlando Twins of the Class AA Southern League in 1976.

The Oakland Athletics scored 5 runs in the 6th inning, 2 in the 7th, and 3 in the 8th to beat the Texas Rangers 12-6 before 39,061 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Reggie Jackson hit a double and home run for Oakland, scoring 3 runs and driving in 2. Paul Lindblad pitched 4 innings in relief of Oakland starting pitcher Glenn Abbott and was credited with the win, improving his 1975 record to 8-0.

The Tulsa Oilers and Omaha Royals combined for 32 hits and 29 runs as the Oilers won 15-14 in an American Association game. John Tamargo hit 2 home runs for Tulsa, while Keith Hernandez homered and tripled and Jerry Mumphrey added a grand slam and a single. Ruppert Jones and Craig Perkins homered for Omaha. The Oilers scored 9 runs in the 7th inning.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): 19--Paul Hardcastle (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Live is Life--Opus (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: 19--Paul Hardcastle (7th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Calgary (0-3) 12 @ Ottawa (2-1) 14

The Rough Riders made 5 interceptions off Calgary quarterback Joe Barnes to secure the win before 20,153 bored fans at Lansdowne Park. Dean Dorsey kicked 3 field goals and added 2 singles for the Rough Riders, while Ken Clark punted for 3 singles. The Stampeders scored the game’s only touchdown on a 51-yard pass from Mr. Barnes to Dwight Edwards early in the 2nd quarter. J.T. Hay converted and added a field goal and 2 singles, the last of which came on a missed 43-yard field goal attempt that would have tied the game in the last minute if it had succeeded.

Baseball
Lou Brock, Enos Slaughter‚ Arky Vaughan‚ and Hoyt Wilhelm were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown‚ New York.

Darrell Evans hit his 300th career major league home run as the Detroit Tigers edged the Minnesota Twins 3-2 before 37,146 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Winning pitcher Frank Tanana allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 7+ innings, striking out 7. Ken Schrom allowed 8 hits and 3 earned runs in pitching a complete game to take the loss.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): U Can't Touch This--MC Hammer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Odoru Pompokolin--B.B. Queens (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un' Estate Italiana--Edoardo Bennato; Gianna Nannini (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Infinity--Guru Josh (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Still Got the Blues--Gary Moore (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Maldòn--Zouk Machine (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Dirty Cash (Money Talks)--The Adventures of Stevie V (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Turtle Power--Partners in Kryme

Turtle Power was from the movie Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1990).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): She Ain't Worth It--Glenn Medeiros featuring Bobby Brown (2nd week at #1)

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 She Ain’t Worth It--Glenn Medeiros, featuring Bobby Brown
2 Enjoy the Silence--Depeche Mode
3 Hold On--En Vogue
4 Cradle of Love--Billy Idol
5 Rub You the Right Way--Johnny Gill
6 Vision of Love--Mariah Carey
7 Girls Nite Out--Tyler Collins
8 When I’m Back on My Feet Again--Michael Bolton
9 The Power--Snap!
10 I’ll Be Your Shelter--Taylor Dayne

Singles entering the chart were Can't Get Enough by Winger (#56); Tic-Tac-Toe by Kyper (#60); That's Not Her Style by Billy Joel (#61); Hearts in Trouble by Chicago (#65); Banned in the U.S.A. by Luke featuring 2 Live Crew (#67); Same Old Look by Jimmy Ryser (#70); Time for Letting Go by Jude Cole (#74); All the Way by Calloway (#78); and Dirty Cash (Money Talks) by the Adventures of Stevie V (#80).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Step by Step--New Kids on the Block (2nd week at #1)
2 I’ll Be Your Shelter--Taylor Dayne
3 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
4 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
5 When I'm Back on My Feet Again--Michael Bolton
6 She Ain't Pretty--Northern Pikes
7 Across the River--Bruce Hornsby
8 I Think I Love You Too Much--The Jeff Healey Band
9 Cradle of Love--Billy Idol
10 Every Little Thing--Jeff Lynne

Singles entering the chart were That's Life by Sue Medley (#55); Can't Stop Fallin' Into Love by Cheap Trick (#59); Good Clean Fun by the Allman Brothers Band (#69); Brickyard Road by Johnny Van Zandt (#76); Policy of Truth by Depeche Mode (#79); I am a Wild Party by Kim Mitchell (#81); Tonight by New Kids on the Block (#82); and Time for Letting Go by Jude Cole (#84).

Died on this date
Jill Esmond, 82
. U.K. actress. Miss Esmond, born Jill Esmond Moore, was primarily a stage actress who also appeared in films such as The Skin Game (1931); Thirteen Women (1932); Random Harvest (1942); and The White Cliffs of Dover (1944). She was married to actor Laurence Olivier from 1930-1940.

World events
Negotiations began to resolve the seizure of Trinidad and Tobago’s parliament building in Port of Spain the previous day by Negro Muslim rebels, which had resulted in Prime Minister Arthur Robinson and other cabinet ministers and government officials being held hostage, and Mr. Robinson getting shot in the leg.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-2) 41 @ Hamilton (1-2) 29

Don Moen returned a fumble 3 yards for one touchdown and Chris Gaines returned an interception 17 yards for another as the Argos took advantage of 9 Tiger-Cat turnovers. Toronto quarterback Matt Dunigan completed 26 of 40 passes for 381 yards and 2 touchdowns. Wally Zatylny led the Tiger-Cats with 5 punt returns for 100 yards and 4 kickoff returns for 185, including a 93-yard kickoff return for a touchdown. This blogger and a certain lovely lady were among the 20,387 in attendance on a beautiful summer night at Ivor Wynne Stadium. We caught a midnight bus back to Toronto, and we were the only passengers on the bus--and, loving it.

Baseball
Shawon Dunston tied a major league record with 3 triples and drove in 5 runs to lead the Chicago Cubs to a 10-7 win over the Montreal Expos before 24,808 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

The Detroit Tigers, trailing 9-5, erupted for 10 runs in the bottom of the 6th inning as they defeated the Boston Red Sox 17-9 before 39,727 fans at Tiger Stadium. Detroit left fielder Larry Sheets drove in 6 runs with a triple and home run. Frank Tanana started on the mound for Detroit but lasted just 1/3 inning, allowing 4 hits, a base on balls, and 5 runs--all earned.

Cal Ripken, Jr.’s record for consecutive errorless games at shortstop ended at 95 games as his Baltimore Orioles lost 10-9 to the Kansas City Royals in the first game of a doubleheader before 35,592 fans at Royals Stadium. The Orioles won the second game 3-1.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wish You were Here--Rednex (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Shy Guy--Diana King

At the movies
Waterworld, co-produced by and starring Kevin Costner, opened in theatres.

Crime
A circuit court jury in Union, South Carolina sentenced Susan Smith to life in prison for the November 1994 drownings of her two young sons, who were locked in her car while she allowed it to roll into a lake. The jury had convicted Mrs. Smith on July 22 of two counts of first-degree murder, which was a death penalty offense in South Carolina, but as is so often the case, women are almost never held responsible for their crimes, and she received a prison sentence instead, with eligibility for parole in 30 years.

Politics and government
The United States Senate voted 98-0 to bar Senators and members of their staffs from accepting vacation trips and other expensive gifts, other than from close friends and relatives. Under the new rules, a Senator could accept no more than $100 in gifts from a single source in a year, excepting only any gifts valued at under $10. Any gift from a close friend or family member valued at more than $250 was subject to approval by the Senate Ethics Committee.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product had grown at an annual rate of 0.5% in the second quarter of 1995, the lowest quarterly increase since 1991.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (4-1) 26 @ Hamilton (2-3) 18
Shreveport (1-5) 19 @ Calgary (5-0) 27

Sean Fleming kicked 4 field goals and 2 converts as the Eskimos defeated the Tiger-Cats before 20,104 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Lucius Floyd scored the first Edmonton touchdown in the 1st quarter on a 10-yard pass from holder Glenn Harper on a fake field goal attempt. Michael Soles rushed 1 yard for the other Edmonton TD. Eric Carter returned an interception 102 yards for the first Hamilton touchdown in the 1st quarter, and Steve Taylor connected with Earl Winfield for a 5-yard TD in the 3rd quarter.

Doug Flutie passed to Dave Sapunjis and Vince Danielsen for touchdowns and handed off to Tony Stewart for another TD--all in the 2nd quarter--as the Stampeders defeated the Pirates before 21,098 fans at McMahon Stadium. The Pirates' only touchdown also came in the 2nd quarter on a 50-yard pass from Billy Joe Tolliver to Fred Montgomery.

10 years ago
2005


World events
The Irish Republican Army announced that it was renouncing the use of violence against British rule in Northern Ireland and that it would disarm.

Football
CFL
Toronto (3-2) 36 @ Montreal (2-3) 24

Monday, 27 July 2015

July 27, 2015

150 years ago
1865


Died on this date
Augustin-Norbert Morin, 61
. Joint Premier of the Province of Canada, 1851-1855. Mr. Morin was a lawyer and judge who served as Joint Premier of Canada from Canada East, with his Canada West counterparts being Francis Hincks (1851-1854) and Allan MacNab (1854-1855).

South Americana
Welsh settlers arrived at Chubut in Argentina.

130 years ago
1885


Baseball
John Clarkson of the Chicago White Stockings pitched a no-hitter in a 6-0 win over the Providence Grays at West Side Park in Chicago.

125 years ago
1890

Baseball

In the American Association, the Brooklyn Gladiators were leading the Columbus Buckeyes 13-8 in the 8th inning at Long Island Park when they ran out of baseballs and were forced to forfeit the game.

80 years ago
1935


Baseball
The Philadelphia Athletics defeated former teammate Lefty Grove and the Boston Red Sox 7-6 in 15 innings in the first game of a doubleheader at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Mr. Grove pitched a complete game, allowing 21 hits and 7 runs--5 earned--in 14 2/3 innings. Wes Ferrell pitched a 3-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Johnny Marcum as the Red Sox won the second game 2-0 in a game that was played in 1 hour 45 minutes.

The Chicago Cubs swept a doubleheader from the Cincinnati Reds 9-8 and 12-1 at Wrigley Field in Chicago, outhitting the Reds 20-5 in the second game.

Curt Davis pitched an 8-hit shutout as the Philadelphia Phillies blanked the Boston Braves 5-0 at Braves Field in a game that was played in 1 hour 38 minutes. Losing pitcher Ben Cantwell allowed 7 hits and 5 runs--4 earned--in 7 innings to drop to 2-14 for the season.

75 years ago
1940


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Never Smile Again--Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra (vocal refrain by Frank Sinatra and the Pied Pipers)

This marked the introduction of Billboard's 10-position "National List of Best Selling Retail Records."

At the movies
The cartoon A Wild Hare, featuring the first appearance of Bugs Bunny, was released. Bugs was being hunted by Elmer Fudd.

War
Japanese naval forces seized the Chinese coastal city of Honghai.

Diplomacy
Delegates to the Pan-American Consultative Conference in Havana reached agreement on colonies, trade, and fifth column activities. A Declaration of Havana, to take effect upon ratification by two-thirds of the American Republics, barred direct or indirect transfer of sovereignty of territory in the hemisphere from one non-American power to another. An attempt to do so would result in an inter-American trusteeship over the affected territory.

Politics and government
The India Congress Party, meeting in Poona, ratified the Working Committee resolutions declaring that it was unable to extend the principle of non-violence to the defense of India at this time, and pledging cooperation in the Allied war effort if a provisional national government were to be established as a first step toward independence.

Health
The Chemical Marketing Company in New York announced that it would produce synthetic dental fillings to replace gold and mercury amalgams.

70 years ago
1945


At the movies
The Woman in Green, starring Basil Rathbone, Nigel Bruce, and Henry Daniell, opened in theatres.

War
Chinese troops reported the capture of a Japanese supply base at Pinglo and the recapture of a former U.S. air base near Kweilin, both in the province of Kwangsi.

Politics and government
British Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that he would concurrently hold the posts of First Lord of the Treasury and Minister of Labour in his new cabinet, and named Ernest Bevin as Foreign Secretary.

The Florida Supreme Court upheld a lower court decision that Negroes may vote in Democratic Party primaries in the state.

At the U.S. Communist Political Association convention in New York City, delegates voted to reorganize the Communist Party and warned Chairman and General Secretary Earl Browder that he would be expelled if he tried to split the party.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Internal Revenue Service said that government income from taxes in the 1945 fiscal year reached a new high of $43.8 billion.

60 years ago
1955


Politics and government
The Austrian State Treaty, ending the post-World War II Allied occupation of Austria, went into effect.

50 years ago
1965


Theatre
The musical Anne of Green Gables, based on the novel by Lucy Maud Montgomery, received its premiere performance at the Charlottetown Festival.

Politics and government
Edward Heath was elected leader of Britain's Conservative Party, receiving 150 votes to 133 for former Chancellor of the Exchequer Reginald Maudling and 15 for Enoch Powell.

Diplomacy
The 17-nation Disarmament Committee reconvened in Geneva for the first time since September 1964.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Fred Sherry, 86
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Sherry, born Fred Schuerholz, played in 10 games with the Washington Nationals in 1910, compiling a record of 0-4 with an earned run average of 4.30. He spent at least 8 seasons in the minor leagues from 1910-1917.

Weather
This and the following day were the hottest that this blogger, on vacation with his parents in Wisconsin and Iowa, have ever experienced. I don't know what the temperature was, but I think it must have been over 100 F. In St. Louis, not far from us, the heat forced home plate umpire Shag Crawford to leave the game between the Cardinals and Philadelphia Phillies after 5 innings.

Golf
Tom Weiskopf won the Canadian Open, defeating Jack Nicklaus with a birdie on the first hole of a sudden-death playoff at Royal Montreal Golf Club's Blue Course. The two had scores of 6-under-par 274 after 72 holes.

Football
WFL
Pre-season
Philadelphia (1-1) 30 @ Portland (0-2) 21

Baseball
The New York Mets released outfielder Cleon Jones. Mr. Jones, who was in his 12th season with the Mets, was batting .240 in 21 games with no home runs and 2 runs batted in. He had been injured during spring training and was rehabilitating a knee injury in Florida when he was arrested on May 4 after being found naked and asleep in a van with a young female companion. The charges were eventually dropped, but Mr. Jones and his wife endured an embarrassing press conference. He last played on July 18 when he made an out as a pinch hitter in the 7th inning of a home game against the Atlanta Braves and defied New York manager Yogi Berra, who told him to go to left field for the 8th inning. The two engaged in a shouting match in the dugout, and Mr. Jones flung his glove down, puled towels off the rack, stormed to the clubhouse, and left before the game was over. Mr. Berra demanded that Mr. Jones be suspended, but the suspension didn't come until four days later. Mr. Jones eventually apologized to Mr. Berra, but was released after he (Mr. Jones) vetoed a possible trade with the California Angels.

Ken Brett allowed 3 hits and 1 unearned run in 6 2/3 innings while hitting 2 singles and driving in a run as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Montreal Expos 4-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 27,961 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Willie Stargell hit a 3-run home run to climax a 4-run 8th inning as the Pirates came from behind to win the second game 5-3 to complete the sweep.

Bill Madlock, who had batted 6 for 6 the previous day, was 2 for 4 with 2 home runs and 3 runs batted in as the Chicago Cubs beat the New York Mets 4-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 29,774 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Mr. Madlock was 2 for 5 with a double in the second game, but the Mets scored 3 runs in the top of the 10th inning to win 4-1.

Steve Yeager batted 4 for 4 with a home run and a double to lead the Los Angeles Dodgers over the Cincinnati Reds 5-3 before 50,609 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

Every man in the St. Louis Cardinals' starting lineup had at least 1 hit as the Cardinals defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 9-6 before 22,046 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. John Denny started on the mound for the Cardinals and singled in 2 runs in the 2nd inning, but was pulled from the game after allowing hits to the first two Philadelphia batters in the 4th. Bob Gibson relieved him and allowed just 3 hits and no runs in 4 innings to get his first win in relief since 1964. The win was the 251st and last of Mr. Gibson's Hall of Fame major league career. Home plate umpire Shag Crawford left the game after 5 innings because of heat exhaustion.

The Boston Red Sox swept a doubleheader from the New York Yankees 1-0 and 6-0 before 53,361 fans at Shea Stadium in New York, marking the first time since 1958 that the Yankees had been shut out in a doubleheader. Bill Lee pitched a 6-hitter in the first game to win the pitchers' duel over Catfish Hunter, who allowed just 3 hits and an unearned run, which came in the 9th inning when Rick Miller singled home Fred Lynn, who had reached first base on an error by New York shortstop Jim Mason and then stolen second as Jim Rice struck out. Roger Moret pitched a 6-hitter too win the second game, while Tippy Martinez, making his first major league start, allowed 7 hits and 5 runs--4 earned--in 3 1/3 innings in taking the loss.

Jack Pierce batted 3 for 4 with a double, home run, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in as the Detroit Tigers edged the Cleveland Indians 8-7 in the first game of a doubleheader before 30,850 fans at Tiger Stadium. Mr. Pierce batted 2 for 4 with a homer, run, and 2 RBIs in the second game, but the Indians won 7-2. Mr. Pierce, the Detroit first baseman, made an error in each game, and his error in the second game led to 4 unearned runs.

The Baltimore Orioles swept a doubleheader from the Milwaukee Brewers 7-4 and 11-6 in 10 innings before 26,705 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Bobby Grich batted 4 for 5 with a home run, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in in the first game, while Lee May and Don Baylor each added 3 hits. The Brewers led 6-0 after 8 innings in the second game but completely collapsed, allowing the Orioles to score 6 runs--all with none out--to tie the game in the 9th inning, with the last 3 runs coming on a home run by Al Bumbry. In the 10th, the Orioles scored 5 runs--all with 2 out--with Tommy Davis's grand slam the big blow. The results led Milwaukee front office management to become increasingly disenchanted with manager Del Crandall.

Reggie Jackson and Joe Rudi hit home runs in each game as the Oakland Athletics swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox 10-1 and 7-1 before 21,254 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Vida Blue pitched an 8-hit complete game to win the opener, while Stan Bahnsen also pitched an 8-hit complete game to defeat his former team in the second game.

Jerry Turner, hitless in his previous 8 at bats, singled with the bases loaded in the bottom of the 16th inning to give the Hawaii Islanders a 6-5 win over the Spokane Indians in a Pacific Coast League game at Honolulu Stadium. Larry Hardy, who pitched the final inning for Hawaii, was the winning pitcher. Mr. Hardy was preceded by Frank Linzy, who pitched 5 scoreless innings. Dave Moharter pitched 8 2/3 scoreless innings of relief for Spokane before being relieved after the 15th inning. Lew Beasley hit a 2-run home run in the 9th inning to tie the game for Spokane. Tommy Cruz also homered for the Indians.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): A View to a Kill--Duran Duran (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I'm on Fire--Bruce Springsteen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Axel F--Harold Faltermeyer

#1 single in the U.K.: There Must Be an Angel (Playing with My Heart)--Eurythmics

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Everytime You Go Away--Paul Young

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Everytime You Go Away--Paul Young
2 Raspberry Beret--Prince and the Revolution
3 Shout--Tears for Fears
4 You Give Good Love--Whitney Houston
5 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
6 Would I Lie to You?--Eurythmics
7 If You Love Somebody Set Them Free--Sting
8 Voices Carry--’Til Tuesday
9 Glory Days--Bruce Springsteen
10 Sussudio--Phil Collins

Singles entering the chart were Freedom by Wham! (#46); Pop Life by Prince and the Revolution (#54); No Lookin' Back by Michael McDonald (#73); You Look Marvelous by Billy Crystal (#77); Do You Want Crying by Katrina and the Waves (#80); Spanish Eddie by Laura Branigan (#82); Take on Me by A-Ha (#85); Cry by Godley & Creme (#86); Love Resurrection by Alison Moyet (#89); and Black Kisses (Never Make You Blue) by Curtie and the Boombox (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Never Surrender--Corey Hart (4th week at #1)
2 Everytime You Go Away--Paul Young
3 19--Paul Hardcastle
4 Axel F--Harold Faltermeyer
5 Walking On Sunshine--Katrina and the Waves
6 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
7 If You Love Somebody Set Them Free--Sting
8 Never Ending Story--Limahl
9 The Goonies 'R' Good Enough--Cyndi Lauper
10 You Spin Me Around (Like a Record)--Dead or Alive

Singles entering the chart were Mystery Lady by Billy Ocean (#91); Freedom by Wham! (#94); Spanish Eddie by Laura Branigan (#95); and State of the Heart by Rick Springfield (#97).

Died on this date
Smoky Joe Wood, 95
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Wood, born Howard Ellsworth Wood, acquired his nickname for his blazing fastball. He was a pitcher and then an outfielder with the Boston Red Sox (1908-1915) and Cleveland Indians (1917-1922). Mr. Wood compiled a major league pitching record of 117-57 with an earned run average of 2.03; his best season was 1912, when he went 34-5 in helping the Red Sox to win the World Series. He broke his thumb in spring training in 1913 and came back to soon, injuring his arm, and eventually shortening his pitching career. In 1915 Mr. Wood was 14-5 and pitched enough innings to lead the American League with a 1.49 ERA as the Red Sox won the World Series. After sitting out the 1916 season, he joined the Indians, playing almost entirely in the outfield after 1917. He was a member of the World Series championship team in 1920, and retired after batting .297 with 8 home runs and 92 RBIs in 1922. Mr. Wood finished his major league career with a batting average of .283 with 24 home runs and 325 runs batted in in 695 games.

Track and field
Steve Cram of the United Kingdom broke countryman Sebastian Coe’s 1981 world record in the mile when he was timed in 3 minutes 46.3 seconds, nearly a second faster, at the Grand Prix meet at Bislett Stadium in Oslo.

Football
CFL
The Toronto Argonauts placed quarterback Condredge Holloway on the 60-day injured list, two days after tearing knee ligaments in his team’s 35-10 win over the Hamilton Tiger-Cats.

Montreal (3-1) 15 @ British Columbia (4-0) 28

Keyvan Jenkins rushed 24 times for 133 yards and 3 touchdowns and Roy Dewalt passed for 285 yards and a touchdown to Ron Robinson to lead the Lions to victory before 48,281 at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Montreal quarterback Turner Gill passed 3 yards to Nick Arakgi for the Concordes’ first score just 2:22 into the game, and Rich Thomaselli rushed 5 yards for the Concordes’ last major with 37 seconds left in the 2nd quarter.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Verdammt, Ich Lieb' Dich--Matthias Reim (11th week at #1)

At the movies
Presumed Innocent, starring Harrison Ford, Brian Dennehy, and Raúl Juliá, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Bobby Day, 60
. U.S. musician. Mr. Day, born Robert Byrd, was a pianist and singer who was a member of the Hollywood Flames, but was best known for his solo singles Little Bitty Pretty One (1957) and Rockin' Robin/Over and Over (1958). Rockin' Robin reached #2 on the Billboard pop chart, while both sides of the single reached #1 on the rhythm and blues chart. Mr. Day died of cancer.

World events
A group of Negro Muslim rebels known as Jamat el Muslimeen, complaining that the government had impoverished the country, seized the parliament building in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, and took Prime Minister Arthur Robinson and other cabinet members and officials hostage. Mr. Robinson was shot in the leg.

Politics and government
The Supreme Soviet of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic declared the independence of Belarus from the U.S.S.R.

Protest
On the 18th day of the standoff between Quebec provincial police and Mohawk Warrior militants at the Kanesatake reserve near Oka, Quebec, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney made his first public statement on the situation, declaring that "native peoples over decades and centuries have not been well-treated by Canada and Canadians. I believe we have a lot of work to do in that area." His government of Canada announced that it had purchased some of the disputed land from a private citizen and was negotiating with the village of Oka to purchase much of the rest. The government of Quebec offered to remove most of its force and to allow Mohawk participation in the investigation of the July 11 shooting of a Surete du Quebec officer--but only if the Warriors would agree to turn in their weapons and dismantle the barricades they had set up. Mohawk leaders rejected the proposal because it did not include a guarantee of amnesty for natives who had defended the blockade.

Oil
Oil ministers of the OPEC nations, meeting in Geneva, agreed to an increase in the price of oil per barrel from $18 U.S. to $21 U.S. Iraq had demanded a greater increase.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had slowed to a 1.2% annual growth rate during the second quarter of 1990, a signal to some economists that the country was moving toward recession.

Football
CFL
Calgary (2-0-1) 54 @ Saskatchewan (1-2) 16
Winnipeg (2-1) 23 @ British Columbia (1-1-1) 24

Danny Barrett completed 18 of 26 passes for 319 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Stampeders to victory before 26,731 fans at Taylor Field in Regina, who had been soaked in a pre-game storm. Saskatchewan quarterbacks Kent Austin and Jeff Bentrim combined to throw 5 interceptions.

A mistake on the scoreboard contributed to the Lions’ win in front of 34,622 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. The Blue Bombers were trailing 21-9 in the fourth quarter when backup quarterback Danny McManus competed a 73-yard touchdown pass to Eric Streater with 2:16 remaining. Trevor Kennerd’s convert made the score 21-16. Mr. Kennerd’s kickoff went through the B.C. end zone without being touched; according to the rule, referee Jacques Decarie awarded no single point and placed the ball on the Lions’ 25-yard line. However, a point was mistakenly put up on the scoreboard, which now showed the Lions leading 21-17. The Blue Bombers quickly got the ball back, and Mr. McManus completed a 16-yard touchdown pass to Rick House. Mr. Kennerd converted, and the scoreboard showed Winnipeg ahead 24-21. Winnipeg head coach Mike Riley asked the field judge if the scoreboard was correct, and field judge said yes. Mr. Riley asked the same of the line judge and was told no. With 46 seconds remaining and the Lions in possession of the ball, the scoreboard was altered to read 23-21. Backup quarterback Rickey Foggie moved the Lions in position for Lui Passaglia to kick the game winning field goal from 42 yards on the last play. If the Blue Bombers had been sure of the score a few minutes earlier, they may have chosen to try for a 2-point convert on their final touchdown.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): One of Us--Pandora

Died on this date
Rick Ferrell, 89
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Ferrell was a catcher with the St. Louis Browns (1929-1933, 1941-1943); Boston Red Sox (1933-1937); and Washington Nationals (1937-1941, 1944-1945, 1947), batting .281 with 28 home runs and 734 runs batted in in 1,884 games. His brother Wes was a pitcher, and the two were batterymates for five seasons with the Red Sox. Rick Ferrell was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1984.

Miklós Rózsa, 88. Hungarian-born U.S. composer. Mr. Rózsa was a great composer of film scores, winning Academy Awards for Spellbound (1945); A Double Life (1947); and Ben-Hur (1959). This blogger's favourite score of Mr. Rózsa's is The Thief of Bagdad (1940). Mr. Rózsa also wrote numerous concert works.

Americana
The Korean War Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C.

Politics and government
U.S. President Bill Clinton signed a revised version of the rescissions bill that he had rejected in June in casting his first veto. The new version cut $16.3 billion from spending previously approved by Congress for fiscal 1995, but it restored $770 billion that Mr. Clinton wanted for education, training, and environmental programs.

Business
Conrad Black's Hollinger Inc. bought 19 of 21 small newspapers in Ontario and Saskatchewan that Thomson Corporation had put up for sale as part of a reorganization.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (1-4) 11 @ British Columbia (4-1) 48

Zed Robinson rushed for 2 touchdowns and Sean Millington rushed for another as the Lions routed the Rough Riders before 22,226 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. quarterback Danny McManus completed a 15-yard touchdown pass to Darren Flutie, and the Lions also had TDs from Eddie Thomas on a 98-yard kickoff return and Charles Gordon on an interception return. Defensive tackle John Kropke scored the only Ottawa touchdown on a 2-yard fumble return.

10 years ago
2005


Space
NASA grounded the space shuttle, pending an investigation of the continuing problem with the shedding of foam insulation from the external fuel tank. During ascent of space shuttle mission STS-114, the external tank of the space shuttle Discovery had shed a piece of foam slightly smaller than the piece that caused the Columbia disaster in 2003; this foam did not strike the spacecraft.

Terrorism
Ahmed Ressam, an Algerian who'd plotted to bomb the Los Angeles airport on the eve of the millennium, was sentenced to 22 years in prison.