260 years ago
In the Battle of the Monongahela near present-day Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, French and Canadian troops commanded by Captain Daniel de Beaujeu killed 600 of 1,200 British regulars under General Edward Braddock in an ambush at Fort Duquesne; both General Braddock and Captain de Beaujeu were mortally wounded.
225 years ago
In the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captured one-third of the Russian fleet in the Second Battle of Svensksund.
200 years ago
Politics and government
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord took office as the first Prime Minister of France.
130 years ago
George Gore became the first major league player to get 5 extra-base hits in a game--3 doubles and 2 triples--as he led the Chicago White Stockings to an 8-5 win over the Providence Grays at West Side Park in Chicago. Old Hoss Radbourn took the loss.
Ed Morris pitched a shutout as the Pittsburgh Alleghenys routed the New York Metropolitans 17-0 in an American Association game at Recreation Park in Pittsburgh.
100 years ago
Born on this date
David Diamond. U.S. composer. Mr. Diamond wrote 11 symphonies and numerous chamber pieces. His best known work was Rounds (1944). Mr. Diamond died on June 13, 2005, 26 days before his 90th birthday.
75 years ago
Naval warfare between Italian and British warships in the Mediterranean Sea, near Crete and east of Malta, entered its second day; the Italian battleship Cavour was severely damaged.
The Japanese government reiterated its demand that the United Kingdom close the Burma Road, while demanding that the United States apologize for the arrest two days earlier of 16 armed Japanese gendarmes for trespassing on U.S. property in Shanghai.
U.S. Ambassador to France William Bullitt established a legation in Vichy.
The New York Times reported a growing sentiment for creation of a Union of Arab States as a result of the French capitulation to Germany.
Politics and government
The British Colonial Office appointed the Duke of Windsor (formerly King Edward VIII) Governor of the Bahamas.
The United States Senate confirmed Henry L. Stimson as Secretary of War.
Economics and finance
The British government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill imposed rationing of tea.
Major League All-Star Game @ Sportsman's Park, St. Louis
American League 0 National League 4
Five National League pitchers combined to hold the American League to 3 hits in pitching the first shutout in All-Star Game history. Paul Derringer of the Cincinnati Reds pitched the first 2 innings for the NL, followed by Bucky Walters of the Reds; Whit Wyatt of the Brooklyn Dodgers; and Larry French of the Chicago Cubs, who also hurled 2 innings each. Carl Hubbell of the New York Giants pitched the 9th inning. Many of the 32,373 fans had just taken their seats when the NL scored all the runs they would need off American League starting pitcher Red Ruffing of the New York Yankees. Arky Vaughan of the Pittsburgh Pirates led off the bottom of the 1st inning with a single, and Billy Herman of the Cubs did the same. Max West of the Boston Bees batted third, and hit a 3-run home run.
70 years ago
A total solar eclipse was seen in Idaho, Montana, eastern Canada, Greenland, Scandinavia, and Russia, while a partial eclipse was visible in most of the Northern Hemisphere.
Chinese forces reported retaking two former U.S. air bases at Sincheng in the province of Kiangsi and Tanchuk in the province of Kwangsi. Nanking, the main city of Kiangsi, was also taken.
U.S. Ambasador-designate to the United Nations Edward Stettinius presented the United Nations Charter to the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee at the opening of hearings on the subject.
Moscow radio, quoting the Soviet newspaper Pravda, demanded the ouster of "reactionary forces" from Iran and drastic economic and political reforms.
Economics and finance
U.S. authorities in Germany announced a three-point plan for the I.G. Farben chemical plants seized, including a transfer to the United Nations of assets that might be used for reconstruction.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The High and the Mighty--Victor Young and his Orchestra; Les Baxter and his Orchestra
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Dreamboat--Alma Cogan
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (Best Seller--1st week at #1); Learnin' the Blues--Frank Sinatra (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra (Jukebox--6th week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets
2 Unchained Melody--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
3 Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
4 Something's Gotta Give--The McGuire Sisters
--Sammy Davis, Jr.
5 Learnin' the Blues--Frank Sinatra
6 Honey-Babe--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
7 A Blossom Fell--Nat "King" Cole
8 Sweet and Gentle--Alan Dale
9 Hard to Get--Gisele MacKenzie
10 It's a Sin to Tell a Lie--Somethin' Smith and the Redheads
Singles entering the chart were Razzle-Dazzle (#33)/Two Hound Dogs (#37) by Bill Haley and his Comets; Wake the Town and Tell the People by Les Baxter and his Orchestra (#43); Experience Unnecessary by Sarah Vaughan (#47); Close the Door by Jim Lowe (#48); and Day by Day by the Four Freshmen (#50).
Died on this date
Don Beauman, 26. U.K. auto racing driver. Mr. Beauman was a Formula Three and Formula Two driver, who competed once in Formula One, finishing 11th in the 1954 British Grand Prix. He was killed in a race in Ireland, 17 days before his 27th birthday and a week before the 1955 British Grand Prix.
The Festival Singers of Toronto gave their first concert, at the Stratford Festival in Stratford, Ontario.
The Russell–Einstein Manifesto, calling on international leaders to seek peaceful resolutions to conficts, was released in London by British philosopher Bertrand Russell.
50 years ago
Edmonton's top 40 (CJCA)
1 I'm Henry VIII, I Am--Herman's Hermits (2nd week at #1)
2 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
3 Wonderful World--Herman's Hermits
4 Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds
5 (Such An) Easy Question--Elvis Presley
6 Cara, Mia--Jay & the Americans
7 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
8 What's New Pussycat?--Tom Jones
9 It's Alright with Me--Barry Allen
10 Marie--The Bachelors
11 I Like it Like That--The Dave Clark Five
12 Here Comes the Night--Them
13 Seventh Son--Johnny Rivers
14 Sunshine, Lollipops and Rainbows--Lesley Gore
15 A Little Bit of Heaven--Ronnie Dove
16 Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys
17 Down in the Boondocks--Billy Joe Royal
18 Hush, Hush Sweet Charlotte--Patti Page
19 You Turn Me On--Ian Whitcomb
20 A World of Our Own--The Seekers
21 Theme from "A Summer Place"--The Lettermen
22 A Walk in the Black Forest--Horst Jankowski and his Orchestra
23 Don't Just Stand There--Patty Duke
24 I Want Candy--The Strangeloves
25 This Little Bird--Marianne Faithfull
26 I'm a Fool--Dino, Desi and Billy
27 You'd Better Come Home--Petula Clark
28 Save Your Heart for Me--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
29 What the World Needs Now is Love--Jackie DeShannon
30 For Your Love--The Yardbirds
31 Too Many Rivers--Brenda Lee
32 It Happened Just that Way--Roger Miller
33 Forget Domani--Connie Francis
34 Makin' Love/Donna--Bobby Curtola
35 Wolly Bully--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
36 Little Lonely One--Tom Jones
37 Voodoo Woman--Bobby Goldsboro
38 Trains and Boats and Planes--Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas
39 Summer Sounds--Robert Goulet
40 Before and After--Chad & Jeremy
Pick hit of the week: Owee, Owee--Perry Como
Teen pick hit of the week: Donna--Bobby Curtola
New this week: Fly Me to the Moon (In Other Words)--Tony Bennett
I Feel that I Have Known You Forever--Elvis Presley
Trains and Boats and Planes--Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas
Don't Just Stand There--Patty Duke
Rockin' Pneumonia and Boogie Woogie Flu--Jerry Lee Lewis
Peter Thomson won the British Open for the fifth time, finishing 2 strokes ahead of Brian Huggett and Christy O'Connor at Royal Birkdale Golf Club in Southport, England. First prize money was £1,750 (#4,900).
Calgary 3 @ Edmonton (1-0) 18
Larry Ferguson and Clarence Kachman scored touchdowns and Bill Mitchell added 2 converts and a field goal for the Eskimos as they defeated the Stampeders at Clarke Stadium. This was the first game for Bryan Hall as the Voice of the Eskimos on Edmonton radio station CJCA.
40 years ago
At the movies
Smile, starring Bruce Dern, Barbara Feldon, Michael Kidd, and Melanie Griffith, opened in theatres.
Died on this date
Roman Rosatti, 79. U.S. football player. "Rosy" Rosatti was a tackle with the Cleveland Indians (1923); Green Bay Packers (1924-1927); and New York Giants (1928).
Politics and government
The 43rd annual U.S. Conference of Mayors concluded in Boston with a request for federal aid to cities to combat the economic recession.
Economics and finance
Canada and Iran signed trade agreements worth up to $2 billion.
The Toronto Argonauts released offensive tackle Billy Corbett. Mr. Corbett had been the number one draft choice of the National Football League's Cleveland Browns in 1974, but had opted for Toronto instead. He played 4 games with the Argonauts in 1974.
Saskatchewan (1-2) 16 @ Ottawa (1-2) 20
Calgary (1-1) 19 @ Winnipeg (1-2) 18
Rookie quarterback Condredge Holloway threw a 21-yard touchown pass to Rhome Nixon with 23 seconds left in the game to give the Rough Riders their win over the Roughriders before 17,022 fans at Lansdowne Park.
Rookie Gerald Kunyk punted 48 yards for a single with 1 second remaining in the game to give the Stampeders their win over the Blue Bombers before 17,563 fans at Winnipeg Stadium.
Rusty Staub's third hit of the game, a home run in the top of the 10th inning, gave the New York Mets a 2-1 win over the Atlanta Braves before 6,515 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Tom Seaver allowed 9 hits in pitching a complete game victory to improve his record for 1975 to 13-4.
The Cincinnati Reds scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning and beat the Philadelphia Phillies 9-7 before 28,789 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.
Doug Rader hit a home run in the bottom of the 9th inning to tie the game and Cesar Cedeno singled home Wilbur Howard with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th to give teh Houston Astros a 4-3 win over the Montreal Expos in the Wednesday Expos Baseball telecast on CBC.
The Boston Red Sox hit four home runs as they overcame a 7-1 3rd-inning deficit and edged the Minnesota Twins 9-8 before 21,103 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Red Sox trailed 8-4 after 7 1/2 innings, but scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th. Pinch hitter Cecil Cooper homered in the bottom of the 9th to tie the game, and with 1 out, pinch hitter Doug Griffin singled and scored the winning run on a double by Jim Rice.
Ferguson Jenkins pitched a 4-hit shutout and Jim Sundberg hit a 3-run home run in the 6th inning as the Texas Rangers blanked the New York Yankees 4-0 before 10,779 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.
Pinch hitter Dave Collins tripled home Leroy Stanton and Morris Nettles in the bottom of the 8th inning to give the California Angels a 3-2 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 10,542 fans at Anaheim Stadium. The Orioles had scored their runs in the top of the 8th on a 2-run single by Brooks Robinson, whose error in the bottom of the inning allowed Mr. Stanton to reach first base. Frank Tanana allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 1/3 innings and struck out 9 batters to win the pitchers' duel over Ross Grimsley.
Dick Bosman allowed 2 hits and no runs in 5 1/3 innings to beat his former team for the third straight time as the Oakland Athletics beat the Cleveland Indians 3-1 before 7,673 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.
Tony Conigliaro singled and scored the tying run in the 7th inning and then hit a home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th to give the Pawtucket Red Sox a 3-2 win over the Memphis Blues in an International League game at McCoy Stadium in Pawtucket. Relief pitcher Don Newhauser was the winning pitcher.
The Syracuse Chiefs scored 8 runs in the 3rd inning as they defeated the Charleston Charlies 9-8 in an International League game. Ed Ricks was the winning pitcher, with relief help from Ron Guidry.
The Tacoma Twins scored 7 runs in the top of the 9th inning to break open a close game and defeat the Albuquerque Dukes 17-9 in a Pacific Coast League game at Albuquerque Sports Stadium. Randy Bass hit 2 home runs for Tacoma, while Bill Ralston and Ed Palat also homered for the Twins. Henry Cruz homered for the Dukes. The teams combined for 32 hits.
30 years ago
The Detroit Tigers scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Chicago White Sox 6-5 before 29,408 fans at Tiger Stadium.
George Bell’s grand slam in the 13th inning led the Toronto Blue Jays to a 9-4 win over the Seattle Mariners before 10,393 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. In the bottom of the third inning, Toronto catcher Buck Martinez made two putouts on the same play. Phil Bradley of the Mariners was on second base with one out when Gorman Thomas singled to right. Jesse Barfield's throw home to Mr. Martinez nailed Mr. Bradley‚ though Mr. Martinez broke his ankle in the collision. When Mr. Thomas tried to take third base on the play‚ Mr. Martinez's throw sailed into left field. Mr. Thomas tried to score, but George Bell's throw to Mr. Martinez beat him to home plate. Mr. Martinez made the catch and tag while sitting on the ground. The play ended Mr. Martinez’s season.
25 years ago
51 refugees attempting to flee Albania were flown from Tirana to Prague. It was the beginning of an exodus of thousands of refugees fleeing the regime of Albanian President Ramiz Alia.
Economics and finance
The heads of government of the 7 major industrial democracies met in Houston for the beginning of their 16th annual summit on international economic issues.
20 years ago
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Laß uns schmutzig Liebe machen--Die Schröders
#1 single in Switzerland: Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)
After a 30-year run, the Grateful Dead played their last concert, at Soldier Field in Chicago.
French commandos board the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior II in the South Pacific Ocean; the ship was protesting continued French nuclear testing.
Pete Sampras became the first American to win the men's singles title at Wimbledon for three straight years, defeating Boris Becker of Germany 6-7, 6-2, 6-4, 6-2 in the final.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Alex Shibicky, 91. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Shibicky was a left wing with the New York Rangers from 1935-42 and 1945-46, scoring 201 points on 110 goals and 91 assists in 322 regular season games and 12 goals and 12 assists in 40 playoff games. He was a member of the Rangers' Stanley Cup championship team of 1939-40.
Kevin Hagen, 77. U.S. actor. Mr. Hagen was a character actor who made numerous television appearances, but was best known for playing Doc Baker in the series Little House on the Prairie (1974-1983).
Chuck Cadman, 57. Canadian politician. Mr. Cadman was elected to the Canadian House of Commons as a member of the Reform Party in 1997, and was re-elected in 2000 after the Reform Party had become part of the Canadian Alliance. After losing the Conservative Party nomination in 2004 in a meeting that was stacked by people of East Indian ancestry, Mr. Cadman was re-elected to the House of Commons as an independent candidate. He was battling cancer when he voted in favour of the Liberal government's budget in May 2005, and alleged that high-ranking Conservatives had offered him a bribe to vote against the budget. Mr. Cadman died of malignant melanoma.
Damnation Island: The mad, disturbing horrors of 19th century institutions for the ‘undesirable’ - Little remains on Roosevelt Island today to remind us of its ghastly, unspeakable past, of the terrible days when it The post Damnation Island: The mad, ...
22 hours ago