Saturday, 11 July 2015

July 11, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sharon Venne!

120 years ago

French brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière demonstrated their movie film technology to scientists.

75 years ago

Died on this date
D. A. Hewitt
. Canadian military officer. Petty Officer Hewitt was the first Canadian to be killed in the Battle of Britain.

Japan demanded that Britain halt all aid to China or "suffer the consequences."

U.S. authorities in Shanghai delivered a conciliatory but unpublished note to the Japanese embassy concerning the July 7 arrest by U.S. Marines of 16 armed Japanese gendarmes for trespassing on U.S. property.

Politics and government
Democratic Party leaders in Chicago were told that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt would accept a draft at the national party convention to run for a third term.

Economics and finance
The British Board of Trade issued an order declaring all French territory, including Corsica, Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria enemy territory under the "trading with the enemy" act.

U.S. federal authorities filed an antitrust suit in Philadelphia against the Pullman Company, which operated all sleeping railroad cars in the United States.

Members of the New York Stock Exchange asked the U.S. Congress to clarify their status under the Fair Labor Standards Act.

70 years ago

Allied forces completed the capture of Balik Papan, Borneo.

Politics and government
Irish Prime Minister Eamon de Valera caused a sensation in Parliament when he said that Eire was now a republic.

In the first formal meeting of the inter-Allied city council for Berlin, the U.S.S.R. agreed to turn over both military and civilian administration to the U.S. and U.K. zones the following day.

U.K. Viceroy General Wavell and Muslim League President Mohammed Ali Jinnah failed to reach agreement on the question of Muslim seats in the proposed Indian government.

Mexican Foreign Minister Ezequil Padilla resigned as his international policies came under attack.

16 opponents of U.S. ratification of the United Nations Charter registered their complaints before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

The U.S. House of Representatives Veterans Committee approved a liberalized "GI Bill of Rights," but stripped if of a bonus provision to give each veteran $1,040.

Chaplin Laboratories said that penicillin would be released to the American public as tablets, ointment, and eyedrops starting on August 1, 1945.

The U.S. government won its antitrust suit against DuPont Company, National Lead Company, and Titan Company when a New York federal court ruled that the three had a world monopoly on titanium.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Ronald Howard and H. Marion Crawford
Tonight's episode: The Case of the Neurotic Detective

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lois Morrow!

The United States Air Force Academy was dedicated at Lowry Air Base in Colorado.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Yesterday was Just the Beginning of My Life--Mark Williams (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection

Died on this date
Gilbert Meyers
. U.S. baseball player. Dr. Meyers was a catcher with the Memphis Chickasaws (1919-1920); New Orleans Pelicans (1920-1921); and Nashville Volunteers (1922) of the Class A Southern Association, and Clarksville in 1923. An incomplete statistical record states that he batted .242 in 184 games in his first 4 seasons. Dr. Meyers graduated from Washington University in St. Louis and Kirksville (Missouri) School of Osteopathy, and became an ear, nose, and throat specialist in Tulsa.

U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko concluded two days of talks in Geneva on nuclear arms limitations and the Middle East.

World events
The last Portuguese troops left Sao Tome and Principe.

Politics and government
Socialist Party leader Mario Soares led his party out of Portugal's coalition government. He was opposed to left-wing military rulers, accusing them of wanting to set up a Communist dictatorship.

The Boston Red Sox, who trailed 5-1 after 3 1/2 innings, scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 8th and held on to defeat the Texas Rangers 11-8 before 27,164 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Jim Burton allowed 2 hits and 1 run--earned--in 2 2/3 innings of relief, and was credited with his first major league win.

The Minnesota Twins and New York Yankees split a twi-night doubleheader before 21,355 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The Twins scored 8 runs in the first 3 innings and coasted to an 11-1 win, with Bert Blyleven pitching a 6-hit complete game victory. Future Minnesota manager Tom Kelly played the last 3 innings at first base for the Twins, batting 0 for 1 and making the game's last 2 putouts in what turned out to be his last major league game. Larry Gura allowed 11 hits and 3 earned runs, pitching a complete game for the victory as the Yankees won the second game 4-3.

Mike Torrez pitched a 4-hitter and struck out 9 to improve his record for the season to 10-5 as the Baltimore Orioles blanked the Oakland Athletics 4-0 before 11,718 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Baltimore shortstop Mark Belanger hit his first home run of the season in the 2nd inning. Losing pitcher Vida Blue pitched a complete game, allowing 9 hits and 3 earned runs as he dropped to 12-7.

The Chicago Cubs, trailing 6-3 after 6 1/2 innings, scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning and 3 in the 8th to defeat the San Francisco Giants 8-6 before 13,415 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Earl Williams singled home Marty Perez with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Atlanta Braves a 2-1 win over the Montreal Expos before 5,010 fans at Atlanta Stadium. The Braves trailed 1-0 before tying the game in the 9th on an unearned run, resulting from 2 Montreal errors. The Expos made 6 errors in the game. Dan Warthen pitched the first 9 innings for Montreal, allowing just 4 hits and an unearned run.

Greg Luzinski batted 4 for 4, including a solo home run in the 6th inning for the deciding run, as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the Houston Astros 2-1 before 16,394 fans at the Astrodome. Larry Christenson pitched a 5-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Doug Konieczny.

The Evansville Triplets and Denver Bears combined for 26 hits as the Triplets won 7-6 in an American Association game. Gene Pentz won the game in relief for Evansville, and Bob Molinaro hit a home run fo the Triplets. Losing pitcher Rich Hinton, who started the game in right field, doubled and homered for Denver.

30 years ago

Mike Tyson (5-0) scored a knockout of John Alderson (3-1) in their heavyweight bout at the Trump Casino Hotel in Atlantic City when Mr. Alderson retired after 2 rounds.

Hamilton (0-2) 11 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 16

The Tiger-Cats added Ken Hobart to the roster to back up starting quarterback Jeff Tedford, but Mr. Tedford went the distance at Winnipeg Stadium. The Blue Bombers lost 3 fumbles and gave up 3 interception, barely beating a team they should have defeated easily. Tom Clements threw a 38-yard touchdown pass to James Murphy in the first quarter for the only Winnipeg major. Mr. Tedford, who also threw 3 interceptions, rushed 7 yards for the lone Hamilton major with 1:53 remaining to make the score close. Hamilton's Bernie Ruoff passed Zenon Andrusyshyn's career records for punts and punting yardage.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Promised Myself--Nick Kamen (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Marcel Lemay, 31
. Canadian police officer. Constable Lemay was killed in the gun battle between the Surete du Quebec and Mohawk Indians at the Kanesatake reserve near Oka, Quebec.

A prolonged dispute between Mohawk Indians at the Kanesatake reserve near Oka, Quebec and town authorities who wanted to expand a nine-hole golf course onto land claimed by the Mohawks erupted into an open gun battle. Members of the reserve had blocked off a highway in March to protest the expansion of the golf course, and the Surete du Quebec (provincial police) finally decided to end the blockade at the request of Oka Mayor Jean Ouellette after the Mohawks refused to obey a court order to open the road. In the early morning, 100 heavily-armed police officers attempted to storm the barricades. The Mohawks, bolstered by heavily-armed members of the Mohawk Warriors, repelled two attacks, and a standoff ensued, but not before a police officer had been killed. The Mohawk Warriors set up another roadblock at nearby Kahnawake, cutting off the access road to the Mercier bridge, causing huge traffic jams for south shore residents commuting to Montreal. It was said that the actual cause of the dispute was the attempt of the Quebec government to force the Mohawks to speak French, which the English-speaking Indians refused to do.

World events
The summit of the heads of government of the world’s 7 leading industrial democracies concluded in Houston. The leaders commissioned a study of the Soviet economy to determine if economic aid would be useful and what forms it might take. U.S. President George Bush opposed direct aid to the U.S.S.R. unless it made further moves toward a free-market economy. In response to West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl’s fatheaded warnings before the conference that the prospect of global warming was "a threat to all mankind," the U.S. opposed strict goals for reducing emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases. Any commitment to reduce such emissions was postponed until 1992. The leaders did pledge to develop strategies for worldwide reforestation and to help Brazil save its jungles rain forests.

Politics and government
In Moscow, the 28th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union chose Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev’s candidate, Vladimir Ivashko, over anti-reform candidate Yegor Ligachev by more than a 3-1 margin for the number two position in the party.

A group of Canadian members of parliament from Quebec who had recently left the Progressive Conservative and Liberal parties after the failure of the Meech Lake constitutional accord announced that they would field a candidate in an August 13 federal by-election in Quebec.

Jack McKeon in his third season as manager of the San Diego Padres, resigned that post but kept the position as vice-president of baseball operations. The Padres were in 4th place in the National League West Division with a record of 37-43. Greg Riddoch assumed the managerial duties.

20 years ago

Bosnian Serbs completed the capture of the United Nations "safe area" of Srebrenica after Dutch peacekeepers had been forced to withdraw, resulting in the massacre of 8,000 Bosniaks.

The United States normalized relations with Vietnam.

Major League All-Star Game @ The Ballpark, Arlington, Texas
National League 3 American League 2

Craig Biggio, Mike Piazza, and Jeff Conine hit home runs for the NL as they edged the AL before 50,920 fans. It was the first time in All-Star Game history that all a team's hits were home runs. Mr. Conine, representing the Florida Marlins, entered the game as a pinch hitter to lead off the top of the 8th inning and homered in his first All-Star plate appearance to break a 2-2 tie. He was named the game's Most Valuable Player.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Frances Langford, 92. U.S. actress. Miss Langford was a singer who appeared on the radio shows of Rudy Vallee and Dick Powell in the 1930s, but is best remembered for her co-starring role in the radio comedy series The Bickersons from 1946-1951.

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