Tuesday, 7 July 2015

July 7, 2015

150 years ago
1865


Died on this date
Mary Surratt, 42 or 45
; George Atzerodt, 30; David Herold, 23; Lewis Powell, 21. U.S. conspirators. Mrs. Surratt and Messrs. Atzerodt, Herold, and Powell were hanged for their parts in the conspiracy to assassinate U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, who died on April 15, 1865, hours after being shot by John Wilkes Booth. Mr. Powell had attempted to assassinate Secretary of State William Seward, but Mr. Seward had survived. The conspirators were hanged simultaneously at the Washington Arsenal in Washington, D.C.

125 years ago
1890


Died on this date
Henri Nestlé, 75
. German-born Swiss businessman. Mr. Nestlé, born Heinrich Nestle, was one of the creators of condensed milk, and founded the Farine Lactée Henri Nestlé company in 1866.

100 years ago
1915


Died on this date
Henry Pedris, 26
. Ceylonese militia officer. Captain Pedris was executed by a British firing squad in Colombo, six days after a court martial, for allegedly inciting racial riots. A subsequent inquiry cleared him of the charges. The execution of Captain Pedris helped to spur Ceylon's independence movement.

War
The First Battle of the Isonzo in Italy ended in a tactical victory for Austro-Hungarian forces over Italian forces.

Disasters
An International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashed near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.

90 years ago
1925


Died on this date
Clarence H. White, 54
. U.S. photographer. Mr. White was one of the leading photographers of American scenes in the 1890s and 1900s. He died of a heart attack in Mexico.

80 years ago
1935


Baseball
Lou Gehrig hit a grand slam and drove in 5 runs, and Tony Lazzeri hit a 3-run home run and drove in 6 runs as the New York Yankees whipped the Washington Nationals 11-1 before 10,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington.

St. Louis Browns' pitchers handed out 11 bases on balls as the Browns lost 12-5 to the Detroit Tigers before 15,000 fans at Navin Field in Detroit. Hank Greenberg hit a double and triple for the Tigers and drove in 3 runs, giving him 100 RBIs for the season. Moose Solters hit home runs in his first 3 plate appearances to account for all the Browns' runs. The win was the 10th straight for the Tigers. Amazingly, the game was completed in 1 hour and 57 minutes.

Dizzy and Daffy Dean were the respective winning pitchers as the St. Louis Cardinals swept a doubleheader from the Cincinnati Reds 9-4 and 5-1 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Dizzy relieved Jesse Haines in the 4th inning of game 1, and singled as part of a 5-run 5th inning. Daffy pitched a 7-hitter in game 2, which was completed in 1 hour and 40 minutes.

Mel Ott's grand slam helped Carl Hubbell to his 10th win of the season as the New York Giants beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 9-2 at the Polo Grounds in New York to take a 6½-game lead in the National League at the all-star break.

75 years ago
1940


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ringo Starr!

World events
U.S. Marines arrested 16 armed Japanese gendarmes for trespasssing on U.S. property in Shanghai.

Diplomacy
Reports from London indicated that the U.S.S.R. had told Japan that it desired to keep the Burma Road open.

Politics and government
Voters in Mexico chose between Manuel Ávila Camacho of the Institutional Revolutionary Party and Juan Andreu Almazán of the National Action Party (with support from the Laborist Party) in the country's presidential election, with the results to be announced six days later.

The All-India National Congress demanded that the United Kingdom state unequivocally that she would grant India total independence.

Argentiine police allegedly uncovered plans for a pro-Nazi insurrection.

Abominations
Romanian Culture Minister Horia Sima prohibited Jewish actors and musicians from performing in public.

Baseball
At a meeting of National League club owners in St. Louis, NL President Ford Frick proposed batting helmets for hitters, admitting that he'd received a lukewarm response from managers and players he'd polled on the subject.

The Boston Bees swept a doubleheader from the Brooklyn Dodgers 1-0 and 2-1 before 21,928 fans at National League Park in Boston. Manuel Salvo outdueled Whit Wyatt in the first game, while Dick Coffman was the winning pitcher in the second game.

The Cincinnati Reds edged the Chicago Cubs 4-3 before 23,193 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago to move past the Brooklyn Dodgers into first place in the National League.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sentimental Journey--Les Brown and his Band of Renown (6th week at #1)

War
The 10 P.M. curfew that had prevailed at the U.S. naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii since the Japanese attack of December 7, 1941 was lifted.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman sailed from Newport News, Virginia aboard the USS Augusta, bound for the Potsdam Conference outside Berlin with U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin.

Defense
France yielded to Syrian and Lebanese demands that native troops recruited into the French Army be released to become part of their countries' national armies.

Politics and government
The Fourth People's Political Council opened in Chungking without the Chinese Communist Party, who refused to participate.

Society
U.S. National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peoples Secretary Walter White said that "a few Marines have been throwing bricks, empty beer bottles...and grenades and smoke bombs into camps occupied by Negro Navy men" on an important Pacific Island recently, resulting in riots and several deaths.

Crime
The U.S. Office of Price Administration announced that counterfeit coupons valued at eight million points had passed over national meat counters in the last month.

Business
The U.S. House of Representatives Small Business Committee reported that the Diamond Match Company and Swedish Match Company "apparently control" the world market in a cartel arrangement.

60 years ago
1955


At the movies
We're No Angels, starring Humphrey Bogart, Aldo Ray, and Peter Ustinov, opened in theatres.

50 years ago
1965


Died on this date
Moshe Sharett, 70
. Prime Minister of Israel, 1954-1955. Mr. Sharett, born Moshe Shertok in what is now Ukraine, was Israel's first Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1948-1956, and served as Prime Minister between David Ben-Gurion's two terms.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): January--Pilot (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kakkoman Boogie / Minato no Yoko Yokohama Yokosuka--Down Town Boogie Woogie Band (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Bella Sin Alma--Richard Cocciante (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Jack Barry, 66. U.S. journalist. Mr. Barry was a sportswriter for more than 40 years, mainly with the Boston Globe. He died six days after suffering a heart attack.

Edward Beechay. U.S. racetrack official. Mr. Beechay worked at Pocono Downs race track at Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania. He died a week after suffering a fractured skull when hit by a harness horse that crashed through a fence. The horse and its jockey sustained only minor injuries.

Ruffian, 3. U.S. race horse. Ruffian was a filly who was undefeated when she ran against Kentucky Derby winner in a match race at Belmont Park, New York on July 6. She was leading when she broke her leg, and was euthanized when surgery proved unsuccessful.

Politics and government
Ed Broadbent was chosen leader of Canada's New Democratic Party on the fourth ballot at the party's leadership convention in Winnipeg, replacing the retiring David Lewis. Mr. Broadbent, who had run unsuccessfully for the leadership in 1971, polled 984 votes to 658 for Rosemary Brown and 313 for John Harney.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals assigned pitcher Bill Parsons, on the roster of the Tulsa Oilers of the AAA American Association, to the Denver Bears of the AA to complete the June 30 deal in which the Bears' parent club, the Chicago White Sox, had traded outfielder Buddy Bradford to the Cardinals for a player to be named later.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): 19--Paul Hardcastle

#1 single in France (SNEP): Éthiopie--Chanteurs sans Frontières (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: 19--Paul Hardcastle (4th week at #1)

Tennis
Unseeded Boris Becker, 17, of West Germany, became the youngest Wimbledon champion ever and the first unseeded player to win, firing 21 aces in the final to defeat Kevin Curren, 27, of South Africa, 6-3, 6-7, 7-6, 6-4.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (0-1) 22 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 46

Jack Gotta was the winner in his first game as head coach of the Roughriders as they defeated the Rough Riders at Taylor Field in Regina.

25 years ago
1990

Hit parade

#1 single in Australia (ARIA): It Must Have Been Love--Roxette

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Nichiyōbi--Jitterin' Jinn (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un' Estate Italiana--Edoardo Bennato; Gianna Nannini (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mi Abuela--Wilfred y la Gagna

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): What's a Woman?--Vaya con Dios (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Maldòn--Zouk Machine (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What's a Woman?--Vaya con Dios (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Sacrifice/Healing Hands--Elton John (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Step by Step--New Kids on the Block (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Step By Step--New Kids on the Block (3rd week at #1)
2 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
3 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
4 Ready Or Not--After 7
5 I’ll Be Your Shelter--Taylor Dayne
6 Hold On--En Vogue
7 Cradle of Love--Billy Idol
8 She Ain’t Worth It--Glenn Medeiros featuring Bobby Brown
9 Poison--Bell Biv DeVoe
10 Hold On--Wilson Phillips

Singles entering the chart were Come Back to Me by Janet Jackson (#50); Unskinny Bop by Poison (#53); Love and Emotion by Stevie B (#60); Close to You by Maxi Priest (#75); Do Me! by Bell Biv DeVoe (#80); I'm Never Gonna Give You Up by Brat Pack (#85); and A Dream's a Dream by Soul II Soul (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
2 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
3 Vogue--Madonna
4 Step by Step--New Kids on the Block
5 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
6 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
7 Baby It's Tonight--Jude Cole
8 I’ll Be Your Shelter--Taylor Dayne
9 Children of the Night--Richard Marx
10 Dangerous Times--Sue Medley

Singles entering the chart were Cuts Both Ways by Gloria Estefan (#62); Vision of Love by Mariah Carey (#75); When I Dream of You by Tommy Page (#79); Crazy Love by Blvd. (#80); Come Back to Me by Janet Jackson (#84); What Do People Know by Poco (#85); Possession by Bad English (#88); Hold On by En Vogue (#89); The Power by Snap! (#91); It's Not Love by Shari Ulrich (#93); and Love Letter by Bonnie Raitt (#96).

Politics and government
The Albanian regime of President Ramiz Alia dismissed hard-liners from the Workers’ (Communist) Party Politburo.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wish You were Here--Rednex (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Vill du bli min fru--Drängarna

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Atlantis landed at Cape Canaveral, Florida, concluding mission STS-71. U.S. astronaut Norman Thagard, who returned aboard Atlantis after flying to the Russian space station Mir aboard a Russian spacecraft in March, set a U.S. record of 115 days in space, 112 aboard Mir.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that unemployment had edged downward in June from 5.7%-5.6%, and that employers had added 215,000 payroll jobs.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (2-0) 31 @ Memphis (0-2) 13
Edmonton (2-0) 26 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 19 (OT)

Cory Philpot rushed for 2 touchdowns and Danny McManus threw touchdown passes to Stefan Ptaszek and Darren Flutie as the Lions defeated the Mad Dogs before 14,278 fans at the Liberty Bowl in the first Canadian Football League game ever played in Memphis.

Chris Vargas scored a touchdown on a 1-yard quarterback sneak with 44 seconds remaining in the first half of overtime to break a 19-19 tie as the Eskimos overcame a 16-3 deficit to defeat the Roughriders before 23,584 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Saskatchewan led 16-6 in the 3rd quarter when the game was interrupted for 36 minutes by a thunderstorm. The delay seemed to help the Eskimos, and after Sean Fleming kicked his third field goal of the game to make the score 16-9 after 3 quarters, the Eskimos tied the game at 2:12 of the 4th quarter on a 100-yard TD pass from Mr. Vargas to Lucius Floyd, converted by Mr. Fleming. Saskatchewan kicker Dave Ridgway and Mr. Fleming then exchanged field goals before the end of regulation time.

10 years ago
2005


Terrorism
A series of four explosions occurred on London's transport system, killing 56 people--including four suicide bombers--and injuring over 700 others.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-1) 21 @ Winnipeg (0-3) 15

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