Tuesday, 21 July 2015

July 22, 2015

475 years ago
1540


Died on this date
John I, 53
. King of Hungary, 1526-1540; Voivode of Transylvania, 1511-1540. John Zápolya was proclaimed King of Hungary by the Diet in November 1526. He died nine days after his wife Princess Isabella Jagiełło of Poland gave birth to their son John Sigismund.

110 years ago
1905


Baseball
Weldon Henley pitched a no-hitter for the Philadelphia Athletics as they shut out the St. Louis Browns 6-0 in the first game of a doubleheader at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. For Mr. Henley, the no-hitter was one of just 4 wins for him in 1905. The Browns won the second game 3-2.

100 years ago
1915


Died on this date
Sandford Fleming, 88
. U.K.-born Canadian engineer and inventor. Mr. Fleming, a native of Scotland who moved to Canada in 1845, was best known for devising time zones. He also engineered much of the Intercolonial Railway and the Canadian Pacific Railway, designed Canada's first postage stamp, and was a founding member of the Royal Society of Canada.

80 years ago
1935


Baseball
Wes Ferrell pitched and hit his way to a win, hitting a game-ending home run in the bottom of the 9th inning as the Boston Red Sox edged the St. Louis Browns 2-1 at Fenway Park in Boston. The home run was Mr. Ferrell's 5th of the season.

The Brooklyn Dodgers scored a run in the top of the 11th inning and held on to edge the Chicago Cubs 14-13 before 4,000 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The teams combined for 42 hits, including 6 home runs.

75 years ago
1940


On the radio
Forecast: Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Lodger, starring Herbert Marshall

This was an audition broadcast of Suspense, which didn't begain airing as a series until 1942. Alfred Hitchcock directed the broadcast, which was an adaptation of a story that he had directed as a silent movie in 1926, and which had been his first suspense thriller and had become his first commercial success.

Died on this date
Albert Young, 62
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Young won the gold medal in the Summer Olympic Games in St. Louis in 1904 in the welterweight division. He later promoted fights in his native San Francisco. Mr. Young died after years of suffering from anemia and ulcers.

War
U.K. Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax answered German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's speech of three days earlier, saying that Great Britain would not succumb to force. The U.K. reinforced its Gibraltar garrison and evacuated civilians to Morocco and Madeira. A system of conscription of all single men went into effect in New Zealand. Governor General Pierre Ryckmans said in Elizabethville that the Belgian Congo would support the United Kingdom against the Axis.

Diplomacy
At the Pan-American Consultative Conference in Havana, U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull suggested a "collective trusteeship" for European territories in the Western Hemisphere.

Politics and government
18 U.S. Senators from the Democratic Party indicated that they would not actively campaign for the party in the 1940 fall elections in protest at Franklin D. Roosevelt seeking a third term as President of the United States, and his selection of Henry Wallace as his vice presidential running mate.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that he had asked Congress to increase the capital and lending power of the Export-Import Bank to $700 million and to make it easier for the bank to issue credits to Latin American countries.

Baseball
The Chicago Cubs bought notoriously lazy-fielding first baseman Zeke Bonura from the Washington Nationals for $10,000. He was batting .273 with 3 home runs and 45 runs batted in in 79 games with Washington in 1940.

70 years ago
1945


War
The United States War Department said that discharge points for soldiers would be reduced from the present 85 by the end of the month. The first American troops to reach the Philippines from Germany arrived in Manila, 5,000 strong. Japanese forces, moving 83 miles in the last 22 days, made a 25-mile breakthrough along the South China Sea opposite Formosa.

Politics and government
Dr. Jose Luis Bustamente y Rivero was proclaimed President of Peru.

The Communist Political Association of New York voted to return to its status as a political party.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board announced an order for Montgomery Ward and Company officials to come to Washington for an August 3 hearing on charges of ignoring a board closed-shop order in seven cities.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Dreamboat--Alma Cogan (2nd week at #1)

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds

On television tonight
Comedy Playhouse, on BBC
Tonight's episode: Till Death Us Do Part

This was the pilot episode for the subsequent series.

Politics and government
Forner British Prime Minister and current Leader of the Opposition Sir Alec Douglas-Home surprised colleagues by resigning from his post.

Law
The Ontario Court of Appeal granted Canadian citizenship to Dutch immigrants Ernest and Cornelia Bergsma; citizenship had previously been denied the couple because they were atheists.

Labour
10,000 postal workers in Ontario, Quebec, and British Columbia went on strike for better pay; Montreal workers returned to work on August 7.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Ned Mahan, 83
. U.S. football player. Mr. Mahan was a fullback and halfback with Harvard University from 1913-1915, winning All-America honours in all three seasons. He was considered by some to be the greatest player in Harvard history. Mr. Mahan went into coaching after his playing career ended. He was a charter member of the College Football Hall of Fame in 1951.

Emlen Tunnell, 50. U.S. football player. Mr. Tunnell was a defensive back with the New York Giants (1948-1958) and Green Bay Packers (1959-1961). He made 79 interceptions, and returned 258 punts for a total of 2,909 yards, all of which were records at the time of his retirement. Mr. Tunnell played with the Giants' NFL championship team of 1956 and ended his career with the Packers' championship team of 1961. In 1963 he became the first Negro in the post-1920s era to become an assistant coach when he joined the staff of Giants' head coach Allie Sherman. Mr. Tunnell later gave up coaching to move into the Giants' personnel department, and was serving as the team's assistant director of pro personnel when he suffered a fatal heart attack at a meeting of Giants' officials. Mr. Tunnell became the first Negro to be inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1967.

Americana
The United States Congress restored the American citizenship of General Robert E. Lee, who had commanded the Army of Northern Virginia for the Confederate States of America during the Civil War of 1861-1865.

Baseball
Gary Carter singled home Pepe Mangual with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 2-1 win over the Houston Astros before 12,148 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal. Mr. Carter's hit , his third of the game, came against losing pitcher Jose Sosa, who had entered the game to begin the 10th inning in his major league debut. Dale Murray pitched 1 inning to get the win in relief of Steve Rogers, who allowed 9 hits and just 1 earned run in 10 innings.

A wild throw by catcher Vic Correll while attempting to complete a double play in the bottom of the 9th inning allowed Greg Luzinski to score the game's only run as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the Atlanta Braves 1-0 before 20,052 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. With 1 out and the bases loaded, Johnny Oates hit a ground ball to Atlanta second baseman Marty Perez, who threw to Mr. Correll at home plate for the force out on Jay Johnstone. Mr. Correll threw to first base, but the ball hit Mr. Oates and bounced away, allowing Mr. Luzinski to score. Steve Carlton pitched a 3-hit shutout and struck out 8, while losing pitcher Carl Morton allowed just 6 hits, but issued 5 bases on balls, including 2 in the 9th.

Johnny Grubb tripled in the 6th inning and scored on a single by Tito Fuentes as the San Diego Padres edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 1-0 before 14,437 fans at San Diego Stadium. Randy Jones pitched a 7-hit shutout to improve his 1975 record to 12-6 and win the pitchers' duel over Bruce Kison, who allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings.

Jerry Koosman pitched a 6-hit complete game and singled, stole second base, and scored the deciding run in the 3rd inning as the New York Mets defeated the Cincinnati Reds 3-1 before 32,759 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The stolen base was the first of Mr. Koosman's 8-year major league career, and he was presented with the base the next day.

The Oakland Athletics scored 7 runs in the 6th inning as they routed the Detroit Tigers 11-0 in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 29,089 fans at Tiger Stadium, and then scored 9 runs in the 4th inning and 6 in the 6th as they won the second game 16-4. Catcher Gene Tenace hit a solo home run and drove in 2 more runs with a single in the first game, while his 6th-inning substitute, Larry Haney, hit his first homer of the season in the 8th. Reggie Jackson and Billy Williams each homered and batted in 4 runs for Oakland in the second game, while Don Hopkins, who entered the game in the 6th inning as a pinch runner for Mr. Tenace, remained in the game in center field and singled to lead off the 8th inning for his only major league hit.

Sandy Alomar had 3 doubles, scored 3 runs, and drove in 2 as the New York Yankees beat the Chicago White Sox 11-6 before 17,395 fans at White Sox Park. Catfish Hunter won the "pitcher's duel" over Jim Kaat despite giving up 9 hits and 6 runs--3 earned--in 7 1/3 innings. Pat Kelly, who had hit his first career grand slam three days earlier, hit a 3-run home run for the White Sox.

Gaylord Perry, facing the team that had traded him several weeks earlier, pitched a 2-hitter and struck out 13 to lead the Texas Rangers over the Cleveland Indians 4-0 before 10,106 fans at Arlington Stadium.

Juan Lopez hit a 2-run home run in the bottom of the 8th inning to give the Sacramento Solons a 10-9 win over the Salt Lake City Gulls in a Pacific Coast League game at Hughes Stadium in Sacramento. Bob Hansen hit 2 homers for Sacramento to increase his league-leading total to 22; Tom Blanco and Tommie Reynolds also homered for the Solons. Sacramento pitcher Gary Robson allowed 10 hits, including home runs by Jeff Newman, Rocky Jordan, and Ron Jackson.

A Mexican League pitchers' duel in Coahuila between two Americans saw Larry Volkening of the Monterrey Sultans defeat Tom Miali of the Coahuila Miners 2-0 in 11 innings. Mr. Volkening pitched a 6-hitter, while Mr. Miali allowed just 4 hits and recorded 17 strikeouts. He didn't walk a batter until the 11th inning, when 2 runs scored as a result of 2 bases on balls, a single by Roger Freed, and an error in the outfield.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Crazy for You--Madonna

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ore-tachi no Rockabilly Night--The Checkers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Tarzan Boy--Baltimora

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): U Can't Touch This/Dancin' Machine--MC Hammer

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Verdammt - ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Verdammt - ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Manuel Puig, 57
. Argentine author. Mr. Puig, born Juan Manuel Puig Delledonne, was known for the novels La traición de Rita Hayworth (Betrayed by Rita Hayworth) (1968); Boquitas pintadas (Heartbreak Tango) (1969); and El beso de la mujer araña (Kiss of the Spider Woman) (1976). He moved to Mexico in 1973 when he figured that his leftist political views were about to become unfashionable in Argentina, and died there of a heart attack after undergoing gall bladder surgery.

Cycling
Greg LeMond of the United States won the Tour de France for the second straight year and the third time in five years. He finished 2 minutes 16 seconds ahead of Claudio Chiappucci of Italy.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me--U2 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): 21 Go'nat historier--Timm & Gordon (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Conquest of Paradise--Vangelis (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Never Forget--Take That

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Waterfalls--TLC (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Waterfalls--TLC (3rd week at #1)
2 One More Chance/Stay with Me--Notorious B.I.G.
3 I Can Love You Like That--All-4-One
4 Don't Take it Personal (Just One of Dem Days)--Monica
5 Someone to Love--Jon B featuring Babyface
6 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
7 Run-Around--Blues Traveler
8 Scream/Childhood--Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson
9 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men
10 Every Little Thing I Do--Soul for Real

Singles entering the chart were Glaciers of Ice by Raekwon (#60); Player's Anthem by Junior M.A.F.I.A. (#69); Made in England by Elton John (#73); My Up and Down by Adina Howard (#78); The Bomb! (These Sounds Fall Into My Mind) by the Bucketheads (#80); and Say it Ain't So by Weezer (#88).

Crime
Susan Smith was convicted by a jury in Union, South Carolina of two counts of first-degree murder for drowning her two sons in November 1994 by allowing a car to roll into a lake with the boys inside.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-3) 10 @ Shreveport (1-3) 11
Winnipeg (1-3) 7 @ Baltimore (3-1) 43
Saskatchewan (0-4) 14 @ Birmingham (3-1) 24
Edmonton (3-1) 27 @ San Antonio (2-2) 32

3 field goals and a single by Bjorn Nittmo and a punt single by Robbie Keen were enough as the Pirates held on to edge the Argonauts before 13,184 fans at the Independence Bowl. The only touchdown was scored early in the game on a 9-yard pass by Toronto quarterback Kent Austin to Rob Crifo.

Tracy Ham passed for 270 yards and 2 touchdowns to Chris Armstrong and another to Reggie Perry as the Stallions routed the Blue Bombers before 30,641 fans at Memorial Stadium.

Matt Dunigan completed 2 touchdown passes to Jason Phillips and another to Keith Woodside as the Barracudas defeated the Roughriders before 25,321 fans at Legion Field.

The San Antonio defense stopped the Edmonton offense on a goal-line stand on the last play of the game as the Texans came back from a 23-7 deficit and held on to edge the Eskimos before 12,856 fans at the Alamodome. San Antonio quarterback David Archer passed to Joe Kralik for a touchdown and rushed for one of his own, while Roman Anderson kicked 2 converts and 6 field goals. Kerwin Bell passed to Michael Soles for the first Edmonton touchdown, and defensive back Morris Lolar scored the other Eskimo TD when San Antonio long snapper Joe Garten snapped the ball over the head of punter Todd Jordan into the Texans' end zone, and Mr. Lolar recovered. Sean Fleming added 2 converts, 4 field goals, and a single.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Jean Charles de Menezes, 27
. Brazilian murder victim. Mr. Menezes, a visiting student, was gunned down by London Metropolitan Police Service officers at Stockwell Station on the London Underground police, wrongly suspected of being responsible for the July 7 London underground bombings and the July 21 London bombings. As is so often the case, the police account of the incident was a pack of lies.

Football
CFL
Montreal (2-2) 46 @ Winnipeg (1-4) 51

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