150 years ago
William Booth, a Methodist minister, founded the Christian Mission--renamed the Salvation Army in 1878--in London.
130 years ago
Prince Edward Island founded its own telephone company.
100 years ago
The Hotel Macdonald opened for business.
The Liberty Bell left Philadelphia by special train on its way to the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco. This is the last trip outside Philadelphia that the custodians of the bell intend to permit.
80 years ago
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act, which allowed labour to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining.
Every man in the Brooklyn Dodgers' lineup had at least one hit as they beat the New York Giants 14-4 at the Polo Grounds in New York.
Hank Greenberg had 4 hits (including 2 home runs), 4 runs, and 4 runs batted in as the Detroit Tigers whipped the St. Louis Browns 16-1 before 11,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Vic Sorrell pitched a 7-hit complete game victory. St. Louis starter Russ Van Atta lasted just 1/3 inning, allowing 3 hits, a base on balls, and 4 runs--2 earned--in dropping to 0-9 for the season. He was relieved by Dick Coffman, who allowed 12 hits and 12 runs--11 earned--in 7 2/3 innings.
75 years ago
Germany published secret Allied documents from earlier in 1940 detailing plans for an attack on the Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus. The British Admiralty established a loose blockade of the French island of Martinique to prevent the removal of French warships. Italian forces occupied Kassola and Gallabat in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Sweden granted Germany the right to transport war materiel and troops over Swedish railroads to Norway.
The Vichy regime in France led by Marshal Philippe Petain severed diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom because of the July 3 attack by the British Royal Navy upon the French fleet at Mers El Kébir.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that five freedoms must be achieved world peace: Freedom from fear; freedom from want; freedom of information; freedom of religion; and freedom of expression.
The U.S. State Department warned Germany not to permit its representatives in the United States to publicly comment on U.S. policies.
Politics and government
Supporters of U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) opened headquarters in Chicago to promote his campaign for the 1940 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States.
The World Congress of Faiths, including representatives of Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Judaism, and Islam, opened in London.
In a game that lasted 5 hours and 19 minutes, the Brooklyn Dodgers beat the Boston Bees 6-2 in 20 innings before 3,881 fans at National League Park in Boston.
70 years ago
Died on this date
John Curtin, 60. Prime Minister of Australia, 1941-1945. Mr. Curtin was first elected to Parliament in 1928, and was elected leader of the Labour Party in 1935. He became Prime Minister of a minority government in 1941, and led Labour to a landslide victory in the 1943 federal election. Mr. Curtin died of heart disease.
The liberation of the Philippines was declared by U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur. The United States War Department announced that General Carl Spaatz would be commander of a newly-created U.S. Army Strategic Air Force in the Pacific to direct the Superfortress attacks against Japan. Japanese troops recaptured the Chinese city of Tinpak, 170 miles southwest of Canton.
The U.S.A. and U.K. announced recognition of the Polish regime in Warsaw; Arthur Bliss Lane was named U.S. Ambassador to the new government.
Politics and government
Most of the voting took place in the British general election, but publication of the results was delayed until July 26 because voting by armed forces personnel serving in World War II had yet to be completed and the votes counted.
Henry Morgenthau announced his resignation as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, effective upon President Harry Truman returned from the Potsdam Conference in August.
The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Postwar Military Policy recommended that Congress adopt universal military training, stating that the program was essential to world security.
Censorship of the press was reestablished in Argentina.
Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman signed the Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act, extending it to June 12, 1947.
The U.S. military government in Germany seized the management, assets, and 24 plants of chemical industry combine I.G. Farben.
Owen Roberts announced his resignation as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States effective July 31, 1945.
Thurman Arnold resigned as associate justice of the U.S. District Court of Appeals to resume his private law practice and work for "liberalism in business."
50 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Poupée De Cire, Poupée De Son--France Gall (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Crying In The Chapel--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Wonderful World--Herman's Hermits
2 Cara, Mia--Jay & the Americans
3 Walkin' with My Angel--Bobby Curtola
4 I'm Henry VIII, I Am--Herman's Hermits
5 Tossin' and Turnin'--The Guess Who
6 Seventh Son--Johnny Rivers
7 What the World Needs Now is Love--Jackie DeShannon
8 A World of Our Own--The Seekers
9 Long Live Love--Sandie Shaw
10 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
Singles entering the chart were Hard Times with the Law by the Sparrows (#32); Down in the Boondocks by Billy Joe Royal (#33); Oo Wee Baby by Fred Hughes (#34); Here Comes the Night by Them (#35); You'll Never Walk Alone by Gerry & the Pacemakers (#36); Meeting Over Yonder by the Impressions (#37); Theme from "A Summer Place" by the Lettermen (#38); Girl Come Running by the 4 Seasons (#39); and Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me by Mel Carter (#40).
Restoration of the Wolfe-Montcalm Monument in Quebec City began; it had been destroyed by Quebec separatists in 1963.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tornerò--I Santo California (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): If You Go--Barry & Eileen (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: I'm Not in Love--10 C.C. (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille (3rd week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille (2nd week at #1)
2 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
3 Wildfire--Michael Murphey
4 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
5 Love Won't Let Me Wait--Major Harris
7 I'm Not Lisa--Jessi Colter
8 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
9 When Will I Be Loved--Linda Ronstadt
10 One of These Nights--The Eagles
Singles entering the chart were Someone Saved My Life Tonight by Elton John (#33); That's the Way of the World by Earth, Wind & Fire (#69); That's When the Music Takes Me by Neil Sedaka (#77); Glasshouse by the Temptations (#82); Hope that We Can Be Together Soon by Sharon Paige and Harold Melvin and the Blue Notes (#84); Get the Cream Off the Top by Eddie Kendricks (#85); Dream Merchant by New Birth (#88); Til the World Ends by Three Dog Night (#89); Can't Give You Anything (But My Love) by the Stylistics (#97); Sure Feels Good by Elvin Bishop (#98); and (Shu-Doo-Pa-Poo-Poop) Love Being Your Fool by Travis Wammack (#99).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Only Women--Alice Cooper
2 Wildfire--Michael Murphey
3 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
4 I'm Not Lisa--Jessi Colter
5 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
6 Old Days--Chicago
7 Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille
8 Hey You--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
10 When Will I Be Loved--Linda Ronstadt
Singles entering the chart were Someone Saved My Life Tonight by Elton John (#83); Here Today, Gone Tomorrow by Wednesday (#84); Keep Our Love Alive by Patricia Dahlquist (#91); I Don't Know Why by the Rolling Stones (#92); I'm on Fire by the Dwight Twilley Band (#93); Summer of Our Love by Bruce Miller (#94); Take Me to the River by Syl Johnson (#95); I Know What You Need by A Foot in Coldwater (#96); Got to Get You Into My Life by Blood, Sweat & Tears (#97); Walk on By by Gloria Gaynor (#98); Could it Be Magic by Barry Manilow (#99); and Saturday Night Special by Lynyrd Skynyrd (#100).
The Cape Verde Islands became independent after 500 years of Portuguese rule.
Politics and government
Former Newfoundland Premier Joey Smallwood was elected leader of the new Liberal Reform Party of Newfoundland and Labrador; as a Liberal, he had served as Premier from the province's admission to Canada in 1949 until 1972.
Arthur Ashe became the first Negro man to win a Wimbledon singles title as he defeated Jimmy Connors 6-1, 6-1, 5-7, 6-4 in the final.
Art Wall, 51, won the Greater Milwaukee Open at Tuckaway Country Club in Franklin, Wisconsin with a 17-under-par total of 271, 1 stroke ahead of Gary McCord. The win was the first for Mr. Wall since the Insurance City Open Invitational tournament in August 1966, and the last of his career until he played on the Seniors tour.
Winnipeg (1-1) 14 @ Toronto (2-0) 15
Rookie defensive tackle Jerry Ellison sacked quarterback Dieter Brock in the Winnipeg end zone for a safety touch with 10:27 remaining in the game to give the Argonauts their win over the Blue Bombers before a CNE Stadium crowd of 34,103, the largest crowd ever to see a CFL pre-season game. The game was the last for Toronto defensive back Billy Cooper, who had entered the league with the Blue Bombers in 1964.
San Antonio (0-1) 31 @ Southern California (1-0) 36
The Pittsburgh Pirates withstood a 4-run rally in the bottom of the 9th inning and held on to edge the Chicago Cubs 5-4 before 22,393 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Pittsburgh relief pitcher Ramon Hernandez struck out Rick Monday for the final out with 2 men on base. Richie Zisk hit 2 home runs for Pittsburgh.
Dennis Blair and Dan Warthen combined to pitch an 8-hit shutout as the Montreal Expos blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 35,141 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. John Curtis and Al Hrabosky combined for a 4-hit shutout as the Cardinals won the second game 1-0; losing pitcher Woodie Fryman allowed just 5 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings.
John Hale hit his first major league home run in the 6th inning to drive in 2 runs and then singled and scored the winning run in the bottom of the 8th as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the San Francisco Giants 5-4 before 36,200 fans at Dodger Stadium.
The Cincinnati Reds took advantage of 2 errors and 2 balks to score 4 unearned runs and defeat the San Diego Padres 6-3 before 49,618 fans at San Diego Stadium, the Padres' largest home crowd ever to date. Former Padre Fred Norman allowed 5 hits and 3 runs--2 earned--to get the win.
Buddy Bell hit 2 home runs--including a grand slam--and a double, driving in 6 runs to help the Cleveland Indians rout the Boston Red Sox 12-2 before 22,361 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.
Ed Figueroa pitched a 4-hit shutout as the California Angels blanked the Oakland Athletics 2-0 before 30,422 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Losing pitcher Stan Bahnsen threw 4 wild pitches in 6 1/3 innings.
Frank White's inside-the-park home run broke a 4-4 tie in the bottom of the 8th inning as the Kansas City Royals beat the Chicago White Sox 6-4 before 20,211 fans at Royals Stadium.
30 years ago
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): 19--Paul Hardcastle (5th week at #1)
The fireworks show scheduled to take place immediately after the July 4 game at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium between the Atlanta Braves and New York Mets didn’t begin until 4:01 A.M. July 5 because the game took 6 hours and 10 minutes to play and included two rain delays. The bizarre hour for the fireworks caused local residents to think that the city was being attacked.
Toronto (0-1) 23 @ Edmonton (1-0) 25
With the Eskimos trailing 22-18 with less than 3 minutes remaining, quarterback Mat Dunigan marched the Eskimos 68 yards in 90 seconds, only to throw an interception to Dennis Clay on the Argonaut 5-yard line just after a touchdown pass to Dan Kearns had been called back on a penalty. However, Toronto quarterback Condredge Holloway rolled out to his left, and Edmonton linebacker Larry Wruck, playing his first CFL game, got his helmet on the ball and knocked it into the Toronto end zone, where John Dailey, another Eskimo linebacker playing his first CFL game, recovered for a touchdown. The convert put the Eskimos ahead 25-22, but Mr. Holloway marched the Argonauts to the Edmonton 23. Former Eskimo Hank Ilesic, who had missed the convert on the first Toronto touchdown, missed a 35-yard field goal attempt that would have tied the game on the last play. Mr. Holloway completed 26 of 41 passes for 414 yards and 3 touchdowns--2 to Terry Greer and the other to Paul Pearson. Milson Jones scored Edmonton touchdowns on rushes of 1 and 49 yards. Mr. Dunigan completed 24 of 39 passes for 397 yards, but also threw 3 interceptions. Tom Dixon, another player in his first CFL game, kicked 3 converts, a 19-yard field goal, and a 56-yard single. It was the first time since August 11, 1969 that Dave Cutler had not been the Eskimos’ kicker. 40,373 fans at Commonwealth Stadium saw the Eskimos win their 8th straight season opener.
25 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Put 'Em Under Pressure--The Republic of Ireland Football Squad (6th week at #1)
Leaders of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization began two days of meetings in London.
Gregory Evans reported to the Nova Scotia government that Donald Marshall was due $1.5 million in compensation for spending 11 years in prison for a murder he did not commit.
20 years ago
The Republic of Armenia adopted its constitution, four years after its independence from the U.S.S.R.
10 years ago
Died on this date
James Stockdale, 81. U.S. military officer. Vice-Admiral Stockdale was one of the most-highly decorated officers in the history of the United States Navy. He led aerial attacks during the Gulf of Tonkin incident in 1964, was shot down over North Vietnam in 1965, and was a prisoner of war until 1973. Vice-Admiral Stockdale was the vice presidential running mate of Ross Perot, who ran as an independent candidate for President of the United States in 1992.
Images of snowshoes now on Flickr - Snowshoes distribute a person’s weight over snow, enabling one to walk without sinking too deeply. Traditional snowshoes are made with wooden frames and le...
19 hours ago