Monday, 31 January 2011

February 1, 2011

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Snejka!

75 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Speckled Band

This was the first episode of the season, and the first for Mr. West, who was replacing the departed Leigh Lovell.

50 years ago
1961


At the movies
The Misfits, starring Clark Gable, Marilyn Monroe, and Montgomery Clift, opened in theatres. Mr. Gable had died three months earlier, shortly after the completion of filming.

Defense
The solid-fuelled three-stage Minuteman missile, intended to become the number one weapon of the United States Air Force, was fired in a successful test at Cape Canaveral, Florida. This was the first time that a major missile had been tested as a complete unit on its first launching, with all stages firing and a full guidance system in operation. The first stage was the largest solid fuel rocket ever fired in the Western world. The 60-foot missile, weighing 70,000 pounds before launching, reached a top speed of more than 15,000 miles per hour and travelled 4,600 miles to its target area in the South Atlantic Ocean. Eventually, the missile’s range was to be 6,300 miles.

Environment
Representatives of the governments of the U.S.A. and the states of Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania signed in Philadelphia a pact "to create a regional administrative agency which shall act for and be responsible to the signatory parties in the planning, development and control of the water resources of the Delaware River Basin." The pact, subject to ratification by the U.S. Congress and the four state legislatures, would end a lengthy dispute among the states as to rights of the Delaware River water.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That’s What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (2nd week at #1)
2 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
3 Burning Heart--Survivor
4 Talk to Me--Stevie Nicks
5 I’m Your Man--Wham!
6 Party All the Time--Eddie Murphy
7 My Hometown--Bruce Springsteen
8 When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean
9 Alive and Kicking--Simple Minds
10 Walk of Life--Dire Straits

Walk of Life had been a hit in Canada in the late spring of 1985.

Singles entering the chart included R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A. by John Cougar Mellencamp (#48); Needles and Pins by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers with Stevie Nicks (#76); Bop by Dan Seals (#81); I’m Not the One by the Cars (#83); Calling America by Electric Light Orchestra (#85); and Live is Life by Opus (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
2 That’s What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends
3 I Miss You--Klymaxx
4 Party All the Time--Eddie Murphy
5 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
6 When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean
7 I’m Your Man--Wham!
8 Everything in My Heart--Corey Hart
9 Tarzan Boy--Baltimora
10 Talk to Me--Stevie Nicks

20 years ago
1991


Society
In an address to parliament in Cape Town, South African President F.W. de Klerk said he would seek the repeal of the laws on which the country’s apartheid system was based, citing the Land Acts of 1913 and 1936 that reserved 87% of the nation’s land for the white minority, the Group Areas Act of 1966 and the Black Communities Act of 1984 that segregated residential areas, and the Population Registration of 1950 that separated South Africans into four races--whites, blacks, Indians, and mixed race. Mr. de Klerk also proposed a multiparty conference to consider a new constitution, but rejected African National Congress demands for an elected constituent assembly. ANC deputy president Nelson Mandela welcomed the proposals, but pointed out that blacks were still not allowed to vote and that Mr. de Klerk had made no mention of the freeing of political prisoners or the repeal of security laws. Mr. Mandela urged the maintenance of international sanctions against South Africa until "there is fundamental change in the living conditions of the majority."

War
U.S. soldier Melissa Rathbun-Nealy’s vehicle got stuck in sand during a supply mission, and she became the Gulf War’s first female prisoner of war.

Labour
Striking nurses in Manitoba began returning to their jobs after voting to accept a two-year contract calling for a pay hike of up to 14%. Canada’s longest nurses’ strike had begun on January 1.

Disasters
1,200 were reported killed after an earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck Pakistan and Afghanistan.

The collision of two planes on a runway at Los Angeles International Airport killed 34 people and injured 24. A USAir jet that was landing struck a SkyWest plane that was taxiing for takeoff. Two days later, federal investigators reported that the crash may have been caused by an air traffic controller giving both planes clearance to be on the runway at the same time.

10 years ago
2001


Diplomacy
President Joseph Kabila of the Democratic Republic of the Congo met in Washington with U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell. Mr. Kabila said he wanted to reinstitute the Lusaka accords, the cease-fire agreement that would permit foreign troops to leave Congolese soil. Mr. Kabila met the same day with Rwandan President Paul Kagale, who had troops in Congo that had opposed the government of Mr. Kabila’s father and predecessor, Laurent Kabila.

Scandal
The parliament of Indonesia voted 393-4 to accept a commission report concluding that President Abdurrahman Wahid had probably been involved in embezzling US$3.7 million from a food distribution agency and had testified falsely about his personal misuse of a $2 million gift from the Sultan of Brunei.

Politics and government
The United States Senate voted 58-42 to approve John Ashcroft as Attorney General to complete the cabinet of President George W. Bush. All the opposing votes came from Democratic Senators.

Energy
California Governor Gray Davis signed a bill passed in the state legislature that day permitting the state to issue bonds to fuel the purchase of power through long-term contracts. The plan would cost $10 billion. Mr. Davis also proposed to increase funding for energy conservation programs.

January 31, 2011

110 years ago
1901


Hockey
Stanley Cup challenge
Winnipeg Victoria 2 @ Montreal Shamrocks 1 (OT) (Winnipeg won best-of-three series 2-0)

The winning goal was scored 4 minutes into overtime.

70 years ago
1941


Boxing
Joe Louis (45-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of Red Burman (73-17-1) at 2:49 of the 5th round at Madison Square Garden in New York.

50 years ago
1961


Space
The United States launched Mercury-Redstone 2, with a chimpanzee named Ham aboard, from Cape Canaveral, Florida. Ham performed well, but there were some technical problems with the mission.

The U.S. Air Force launched Samos II, an experimental version of a reconnaissance satellite, into a near-circular polar orbit from Point Arguello, California. The satellite carried photographic, telemetry, tracking, and command equipment, and was said to be the forerunner of a system of satellites that could perform photographic missions comparable to those of U-2 planes. Details of its performance were not immediately made public.

Music
Fats Domino and his band began a tour of Jamaica. Mr. Domino had a tremendous influence on popular music in Jamaica; his 1959 hit Be My Guest was particularly popular and influential.

Terrorism
U.S. Navy Rear Admiral Allen Smith, commander of the Navy’s Caribbean Frontier, went aboard the Portuguese cruise ship Santa Maria, which had been held hostage in the Atlantic Ocean by pirates since January 22, for a conference with the pirates’ leader, former Portuguese army captain Hector Galvao. Adm. Smith said that the pirates had agreed to bring the ship--currently 30 miles off Recife, Brazil--into Recife the next day if Brazil gave "the necessary clearance."

Politics and government
Janio Quadros took office as President of Brazil.

40 years ago
1971


Space
The Apollo 14 crew of Alan Shepard (Commander, Stuart Roosa (Command Module Pilot), and Edgar Mitchell (Lunar Module Pilot) lifted off for the moon from Cape Kennedy, Florida. It was Mr. Shepard’s first space mission since his suborbital Mercury-Redstone 3 flight almost 10 years earlier. It took two hours for the lunar module Antares to dock with the command module Kitty Hawk, but Mr. Roosa completed the linkup on the sixth attempt.

30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Tide is High--Blondie

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Tide is High--Blondie
2 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon
3 Celebration--Kool & the Gang
4 Passion--Rod Stewart
5 Love on the Rocks--Neil Diamond
6 Lady--Kenny Rogers
7 9 to 5--Dolly Parton
8 I Love a Rainy Night--Eddie Rabbitt
9 Every Woman in the World--Air Supply
10 Same Old Lang Syne--Dan Fogelberg

9 to 5 was from the movie Nine to Five.
Singles entering the chart included Hello Again by Neil Diamond (#36); Rapture by Blondie (#65); What Kind of Fool by Barbra Streisand and Barry Gibb (#73); and Ain’t Even Done With the Night by John Cougar (#83).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon (4th week at #1)
2 The Tide is High--Blondie
3 Lady--Kenny Rogers
4 Wasn't That a Party--The Rovers
5 De Do Do Do, De Da Da Da--The Police
6 Hungry Heart--Bruce Springsteen
7 More Than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
8 Passion--Rod Stewart
9 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
10 Tell it Like it Is--Heart

Singles entering the chart included Games People Play by Alan Parsons Project (#39); The Best of Times by Styx (#41); Ah! Leah! by Donnie Iris (#45); Miss Sun by Boz Scaggs (#47); and Treat Me Right by Pat Benatar (#50).

Labour
The Polish government and the trade union movement Solidarity announced that they had reached an agreement. The government would make three of every four Saturdays non-working days, turn over a weekly hour-long television program to the union leadership, and hold talks with the farmers’ union. In return, workers ended the recent wave of wildcat strikes and protests.

Hockey
NHL
Winnipeg 2 @ Toronto 0

The national Hockey Night in Canada telecast from Maple Leaf Gardens marked the Jets’ second and last road win of the season--both in Toronto in January--and was one of just 9 wins for the team in the entire 1980-81 season. Winnipeg goalie Markus Mattsson earned the Jets’ only shutout of the season.

25 years ago
1986


World events
Haitian dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier imposed a state of siege after demonstrating and looting had spread to several cities. The violence had begun in reaction to the killing of three students in November 1985. U.S. White House spokesman Larry Speakes announced that Mr. Duvalier had fled Haiti, but he later admitted that the report was inaccurate, and blamed "bum information" from the U.S. State Department. Mr. Duvalier claimed that he was in power "firm as a monkey's tail."

Economics and finance
The Canadian dollar closed at a record low of 70.20c U.S. The drop came despite increased Canadian interest rates and attempts by the Bank of Canada to bolster the dollar’s value.

The Dow Jones industrial average finished at a new high of 1570.99.

20 years ago
1991


On the radio
Eddie Keen delivered his last editorial and departed as news director of CHED after nearly 20 years with the Edmonton station.

War
Allied forces recaptured the Saudi town of Al Khafji; 500 Iraqis were taken prisoner and 200 killed or wounded.

Israeli forces completed three days of strikes at a Palestinian refugee camp and other Palestinian targets.

Law
Canada’s proposed abortion law, which would have permitted an abortion if a physician felt a woman’s physical or psychological health was in danger, was defeated on a 43-43 tie vote in the Senate (in contrast to the American Senate, the Canadian Senate has no mechanism for breaking a tie, and a tie vote defeats a bill). The bill had narrowly passed the House of Commons in 1990. Politicians of both parties in the Senate were free to vote their consciences--if they had any--but most Progressive Conservatives voted for the bill while most Liberals voted against it. The bill had been opposed by pro-abortion advocates--who didn’t believe abortion should be covered under the Criminal Code--and by pro-life advocates, who didn’t think the bill was restrictive enough.

10 years ago
2001


Terrorism
A Scottish court sitting in Camp Zeist, Netherlands convicted Abdel Baset Ali Mohammed al-Megrahi, a Libyan intelligence officer, of murder and sentenced him to life in prison for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, which killed 270 people. A second Libyan, former airline manager Al Amin Khalifa Fhimah, was acquitted.

Saturday, 29 January 2011

January 30, 2011

60 years ago
1951


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Rose Garden, starring Mildred Natwick and Estelle Winwood

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Will You Love Me Tomorrow--The Shirelles

Politics and government
U.S. President John F. Kennedy delivered his first State of the Union address, saying, "I speak today in an hour of national peril and national opportunity. Before my term has ended, we shall have to test anew whether a nation organized and governed such as ours can endure. The outcome is by no means certain. The answers are by no means clear. All of us together--this administration, this Congress, this nation--must forge these answers."
He said that the state of the economy was disturbing "in the wake of 7 months of recession, 3½ years of slack, 7 years of diminished economic growth, and 9 years of falling income." Mr. Kennedy said he would propose within 14 days measures "aimed at insuring a prompt recovery and paving the way for increased long-term growth." He said he would propose expenditures which "will not of and by themselves unbalance the earlier [Eisenhower] budget," but "we will do what must be done."
In the field of foreign aid, President Kennedy said he would ask Congress for "authority to establish a new and more effective program for assisting the economic, educational and social development of other countries and continents." He added: "We must increase our support of the United Nations as an instrument to end the cold war instead of an arena in which to fight it."

Diplomacy
Replying to a letter from Congolese President Joseph Kasavubu that he would seek foreign military aid unless the United Nations force acted to put down the revolt against his government by supporters of deposed Premier Patrice Lumumba, UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold said that he would place Mr. Kasavubu’s letter before the Security Council. However, Mr. Hammarskjold implied that the mandate given to the UN force did not permit it to intervene in the Congo’s political struggle.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Knock Three Times--Dawn (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lonely Days--Bee Gees
2 Knock Three Times--Dawn
3 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
4 Groove Me--King Floyd
5 If I Were Your Woman--Gladys Knight and the Pips
6 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
7 Stoney End--Barbra Streisand
8 One Less Bell to Answer--The 5th Dimension
9 Your Song--Elton John
10 It’s Impossible--Perry Como

Singles entering the chart included She’s a Lady by Tom Jones (#56); Have You Ever Seen the Rain by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#63); Just My Imagination (Running Away With Me) by the Temptations (#66); Keep the Customer Satisfied by Gary Puckett (#68); Hang on to Your Life by the Guess Who (#79); Proud Mary by Ike and Tina Turner (#86); Me and Bobby McGee by Janis Joplin (#88); Never Marry a Railroad Man by the Shocking Blue (#95); and (She’s a) Very Lovely Woman by Linda Ronstadt (#99).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Knock Three Times--Dawn (2nd week at #1)
2 My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity--George Harrison
3 Your Song--Elton John
4 Immigrant Song--Led Zeppelin
5 Lonely Days--Bee Gees
6 Love the One You're With--Stephen Stills
7 If You Could Read My Mind--Gordon Lightfoot
8 Sing High, Sing Low--Anne Murray
9 Stoney End--Barbra Streisand
10 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson

Singles entering the chart included Hang on to Your Life by the Guess Who (#74); Have You Ever Seen the Rain by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#75); Mama's Pearl by the Jackson 5 (#77); Theme From Love Story by Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus (#83); Everything is Good About You by the Lettermen (#84); Theme From Love Story by Francis Lai (#93); Together We Two by the Archies (#96); Stay Awhile by the Bells (#97); Me and Bobby McGee by Janis Joplin (#98); and Superstar by Murray Head (#100).

Calgary’s top 10
1 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
2 Knock Three Times--Dawn
3 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
4 Sweet Mary--Wadsworth Mansion
5 Lonely Days--Bee Gees
6 Born to Wander--Rare Earth
7 Sing High, Sing Low--Anne Murray
8 If You Could Read My Mind--Gordon Lightfoot
9 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds
10 No Matter What--Badfinger
Pick hit of the week: Children--Jimmy Aiello and The Happy Feeling

On the radio
Sherlock Holmes, starring Georg Arlin and Gosta Pruzelius, on Radioteatern (Sweden)
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 4

War
Fatalities for the week in Vietnam numbered 29 Americans, 222 South Vietnamese, and an estimated 776 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong.

30 years ago
1981


Society
The U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service moved to expel 3,900 Haitians who had entered the U.S. since October 11, 1980. The Haitians were expected to appeal the decision on the basis that they were seeking asylum from the Haitian regime of "Baby Doc" Duvalier.

Environment
It was learned that the U.S. Interior Department’s Office of Endangered Species had been instructed to de-emphasize its efforts to place on its endangered species list animals and plants that are faced with extinction. Instead, it was to concentrate on the "recovery" of species already on the list. It was to reduce by half the number of species to be examined for listing as endangered, and spend more time planning to take such steps as moving an affected animal or plant to a less dangerous area.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of future economic trends had declined by 0.8% in December 1980, indicating an economic slowdown.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 18 (CHED)
1 That's What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder)
2 So Far Away--Dire Straits
3 Spies Like Us--Paul McCartney
4 Talk to Me--Stevie Nicks
5 Everything in My Heart--Corey Hart
6 It's Only Love--Bryan Adams and Tina Turner
7 Burning Heart--Survivor
8 Tarzan Boy--Baltimora
9 When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean
10 My Hometown--Bruce Springsteen
11 I'm Your Man--Wham!
12 Live is Life--Opus
13 Conga--Miami Sound Machine
14 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
15 Take Me Home--Phil Collins
16 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
17 Cosmetics--Gowan
18 Go Home--Stevie Wonder

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: The Elevator (starring Stephen Geoffreys and Robert Prescott); To See the Invisible Man (starring Cotter Smith); Tooth and Consequences (starring David Birney)

Diplomacy
Jonas Savimbi, leader of the anti-Communist Angolan rebel group UNITA, met with U.S. President Ronald Reagan in Washington. The two men called for a negotiated settlement of the civil war in that country.

Scandal
Canadian Deputy Prime Minister Erik Nielsen, who had been a member of the House of Commons since 1958, admitted that he had secretly listened in on Liberal Party caucus meetings during the 1960s.

20 years ago
1991


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Denial

War
11 U.S. Marines were reported killed as troops from the U.S.A., Saudi Arabia, and Qatar retaliated against Iraq’s seizure of the Saudi town of Al Khafji the previous day. Seven of the U.S. deaths were from "friendly fire" from a U.S. warplane. U.S. General Norman Schwarzkopf said that the air campaign was on schedule, with two weeks of bombing forcing Iraq to abandon centralized control of its air defense.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had edged upward 0.1% in December 199, ending a string of six monthly declines.

10 years ago
2001


Politics and government
The United States Senate voted 75-24 to approve Gale Norton as Secretary of the Interior in the cabinet of President George W. Bush.

January 29, 2011

150 years ago
1861

Americana

Kansas entered the Union as the 34th state; it entered as a free state at a time when slave states in the south were threatening secession.

125 years ago
1886


Transportation
Karl Benz received a patent for the first successful gasoline-driven car. Mr. Benz, a German engineer, had driven the three-wheeled car in Mannheim in 1885. The car had an electric ignition and differential gears and was water-cooled.

110 years ago
1901


Hockey
Stanley Cup challenge
Winnipeg Victoria 4 @ Montreal Shamrocks 3 (Winnipeg led best-of-three series 1-0)

60 years ago
1951


On the radio
Sherlock Holmes, read by Laidman Browne, on BBC
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 2

Boxing
Rocky Marciano (32-0) scored a technical knockout over Keene Simmons (8-9-1) at 2:54 of the 8th round of a heavyweight bout at Rhode Island Auditorium in Providence.

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Are You Lonesome To-Night?/I Gotta Know--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ken Dies!

Terrorism
Brazilian President-elect Janio Quadros, scheduled to take office two days later, said that he would grant asylum to the pirates led by former Portuguese army captain Hector Galvao who had been holding almost 1,000 people hostage aboard the Portuguese cruise ship Santa Maria in the Atlantic Ocean for a week.

Track and field
Valery Brumel of the U.S.S.R. set a world record in the high jump at 7 feet 4½ inches at a meet in Leningrad. John Thomas of the United States held the previous record of 7 feet 2½ inches. Mr. Thomas was at a meet in Boston when he got word of Mr. Brumel’s feat; Mr. Thomas then jumped 7 feet 3 inches.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10
1 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
2 Knock Three Times--Dawn
3 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
4 Your Song--Elton John
5 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds
6 For the Good Times--Ray Price
7 If You Could Read My Mind--Gordon Lightfoot
8 Amazing Grace--Judy Collins
9 Sing High, Sing Low--Anne Murray
10 Silver Moon--Michael Nesmith and the First National Band

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Tasha

Economics and finance
U.S. President Richard Nixon submitted an "expansionary but not inflationary" budget of $229.2 billion to Congress for fiscal 1972.

30 years ago
1981


Politics and government
Ronald Reagan held, in Washington, his first press conference as President of the United States. He ordered a 60-day freeze on pending government regulations and announced the elimination of the Council on Wage and Price Stability, the federal agency that had monitored wage and price increases for six years. He repeated his support for a 30% cut in personal tax rates and the elimination of the federal departments of energy and education.

25 years ago
1986


World events
Yoweri Museveni, leader of the National Resistance Army, was sworn in as President of Uganda, two days after his predecessor, General Tito Okello, had fled to Sudan. Mr. Museveni said that a fundamental change in Ugandan politics had taken place, and he promised to return the country to civilian rule.

Diplomacy
Jonas Savimbi, leader of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA)--a rebel force opposing the Communist-supported government of Angola--met with U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz and Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger in Washington.

20 years ago
1991


War
Iraqi troops seized the Saudi Arabian town of Al Khafji. In his State of the Union speech, U.S. President George Bush emphasized that the liberation of Kuwait was the purpose of the Gulf War, not to being about "the destruction of Iraq, its culture, or its people." U.S. Secretary of State James Baker and Soviet Foreign Minister Aleksandr Bessmertnykh issued a statement in Washington which held out the possibility of a cease-fire if Iraq left Kuwait.

Politics and government
A Quebec Liberal party committee headed by Quebec City lawyer Jean Allaire issued its report, demanding that Quebec be given far-reaching powers and exclusive control over a wide range of areas, including communications, energy, the environment, agriculture, and regional development. The report also called for the abolition of Canada’s Senate and a new constitution with an amending formula that would include a veto for Quebec. Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa accepted the thrust of the report. Ontario Premier Bob Rae expressed concern that a call for such a transfer of federal powers represented a "dismantling of the country." Separatist leaders reacted negatively to the report, while Prime Minister Brian Mulroney was cautious in his reaction, calling the report a "working document." Mr. Bourassa had created the committee in February 1990 in anticipation of the rejection of the Meech Lake accord.

Diplomacy
African National Congress Deputy President Nelson Mandela and Inkatha Freedom Party President Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi met for the first time in 30 years in an attempt to end the violence between the South African anti-apartheid groups that had claimed 5,000 lives since they had split in 1979.

10 years ago
2001


Politics and government
The United States Senate approved Elaine Chao as Secretary of Labor in the administration of President George W. Bush.

Thursday, 27 January 2011

January 28, 2011

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Will You Love Me Tomorrow--The Shirelles
2 Exodus--Ferrante and Teicher
--Mantovani and his Orchestra
3 Calcutta--Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra
4 Wonderland By Night--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
--Louis Prima
--Anita Bryant
5 Shop Around--The Miracles
6 Are You Lonesome To-Night?--Elvis Presley
7 Angel Baby--Rosie and the Originals
8 Calendar Girl--Neil Sedaka
9 Rubber Ball--Bobby Vee
10 Emotions--Brenda Lee

Singles entering the chart included Good Time Baby (#56)/Cherie (#87) by Bobby Rydell; What a Price (#67)/Ain’t That Just Like a Woman (#70) by Fats Domino; Wait a Minute by the Coasters (#82); The Exodus Song (This Land is Mine) by Pat Boone (#90); Your Friends by Dee Clark (#99); Won’t Be Long by Aretha Franklin (#100); and Leave My Kitten Alone by Johnny Preston (also #100). The Exodus Song was a vocal version of the instrumental theme from the movie; Mr. Boone wrote the lyrics.

Diplomacy
Congolese President Joseph Kasavubu, in a letter to United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold, warned that he would seek foreign military aid unless the UN force was ordered to put down the revolt against his government by supporters of deposed Premier Patrice Lumumba. Mr. Kasavubu said he would be compelled to seek such aid outside the framework of the UN "despite the manifest danger that would entail the conflict’s becoming international."

40 years ago
1971


Protest
U.S. District Court Judge William K. Thomas ruled illegal a report by the Portage County grand jury on the disorders at Kent State University in May 1970. He ordered the 18-page report destroyed and stricken from the records, but he did not dismiss the indictment of 25 people.

30 years ago
1981


Oil
U.S. President Ronald Reagan abolished remaining price and allocation controls on domestic oil and gasoline production and distribution. It was predicted that retail gasoline prices would rise 3-5c per gallon, and possibly 12c by the end of the summer, and that heating oil prices would climb even higher. Mr. Reagan’s administration argued that only 15% of crude oil processed by U.S. refineries had remained subject to price controls.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 1 @ Edmonton 9

The final goal in the rout at Northlands Coliseum was scored by Edmonton rookie Roy Sommer, who had recently been called up from their Central Hockey League farm team, the Wichita Wind. It turned out to be Mr. Sommer’s only NHL goal. The game remains, if I’m not mistaken, the most lopsided win the Oilers have ever had over the Canadiens.

25 years ago
1986


Disasters
The U.S. space shuttle Challenger blew up just 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, Florida, killing all 7 crew members. This blogger was in the shower at the time, with the radio tuned to Edmonton station CFRN. The song that was playing--which was interrupted with the announcement of the disaster--was I’m on Fire by Bruce Springsteen. The crew were: Dick Scobee, the mission commander; U.S. Navy Commander Michael Smith, pilot; Judy Resnick, engineer; Ronald McNair, physicist; U.S. Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Ellison Onizuka, engineer; Gregory Jarvis, engineer; and Christa McAuliffe, a teacher from Concord, New Hampshire, who had been selected as the winner of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s "Teacher in Space" competition. She was to give two lessons from space while her students watched on television.

20 years ago
1991


War
Canadian CF-18 fighter planes faced anti-aircraft fire over Kuwait without damage. Iraqi fighter planes fled to Iran, where they were offered sanctuary.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State James Baker and Soviet Foreign Minister Aleksandr Bessmertnykh announced in Washington that a summit scheduled for February in Moscow between U.S. President George Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev had been postponed indefinitely. The official explanation was that Mr. Bush needed to stay in Washington while the Gulf War was continuing. Problems with the strategic arms reduction treaty, which was to be signed in Moscow, were also cited. Unidentified sources in the White House said the postponement was also related to the Soviet invasion of Latvia and Lithuania.

10 years ago
2001


Religion
Pope John Paul II named seven new cardinals, bringing the total eligible to vote (under age 80) to 135, a record.

Football
Super Bowl XXXV @ Tampa
Baltimore 34 New York Giants 7

The Ravens intercepted 4 passes by Giants’ quarterback Kerry Collins to win their first Super Bowl before a crowd of 71,921 at Raymond James Stadium. The Ravens led 10-0 at halftime on a 38-yard touchdown pass from Trent Dilfer to Brandon Stokley in the first quarter, converted by Matt Stover, and Mr. Stover’s 47-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter. All the excitement came in the 3rd quarter when 3 touchdowns were scored in as many plays in a span of 36 seconds. Duane Starks returned a n interception 49 yards for a Baltimore touchdown, and Mr. Stover converted to extend the Ravens’ lead to 17-0. Ron Dixon returned Mr. Stover’s kickoff 97 yards for the Giants’ only touchdown, converted by Brad Daluiso, to make the score 17-7. Jermaine Lewis then returned Mr. Daluiso’s kickoff 84 yards for a Baltimore touchdown, and Mr. Stover’s convert gave the Ravens a 24-7 lead. Jamal Lewis, who led all rushers with 102 yards on 27 carries, ran 3 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter, converted by Mr. Stover, to make the score 31-7. Mr. Stover finished the scoring with a 34-yard field goal. Baltimore linebacker Ray Lewis was voted the game’s most valuable player. The Ravens’ defense was so dominant that the Giants were held to 11 first downs and 152 yards net offense. The Ravens weren’t much better, managing just 13 first downs and 244 yards net offense. Mr. Stokley led all receivers with 52 yards on 3 receptions. Mr. Dilfer completed just 12 of 25 passes for 153 yards, while Mr. Collins was just 15 for 39 for 112 yards. One might wonder why Giants' head coach Bill Parcells didn't change quarterbacks at some point.

Wednesday, 26 January 2011

January 27, 2011

160 years ago
1851

Died on this date
Jean-Jacques Audubon, 65
. Haitian-born U.S. naturalist and artist. Mr. Audubon was famous for his paintings and drawings of North American birds.

60 years ago
1951


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Tennessee Waltz--Patti Page (5th week at #1)
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Les Paul and Mary Ford
--Jo Stafford
2 My Heart Cries for You--Guy Mitchell
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
--Jimmy Wakely
3 The Thing--Phil Harris
4 A Bushel and a Peck--Perry Como and Betty Hutton
--Margaret Whiting and Jimmy Wakely
5 Harbor Lights--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby
6 Thinking of You--Don Cherry
--Eddie Fisher
7 Nevertheless (I’m in Love with You)--Paul Weston and his Orchestra
--The Mills Brothers
--Ralph Flanagan and his Orchestra
--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
8 Oh, Babe!--Kay Starr
--Louis Prima and Keely Smith
9 All My Love (Bolero)--Patti Page
--Percy Faith and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Bing Crosby
10 You’re Just in Love--Perry Como

Singles entering the chart were Zing Zing--Zoom Zoom by Perry Como (#27--the B-side of If, which was #14 that week); Tell Me Tonight by Tony Martin (#32); Get Out Those Old Records by Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (#33); Hot Rod Race, with versions by Tiny Hill and his Orchestra, as well as Red Foley (#37); and The One Rose by Eddy Howard (#40--the B-side of To Think You’ve Chosen Me, which was #13 that week).

Defense
The U.S. Air Force began atomic testing in the Nevada desert.

50 years ago
1961


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Invaders, starring Agnes Moorehead

Jerry Goldsmith’s score for this episode was released in 1983 on the album The Twilight Zone: The Original Television Scores, Volume I. This episode of The Twilight Zone bore no relation to the later series of the same name.

Terrorism
The United States Navy assured Hector Galvao, leader of a band of pirates who were holding almost 1,000 people hostage aboard the Portuguese cruise ship Santa Maria in the Atlantic Ocean, that it would take no action against him and his men if they debarked the ship’s passengers.

30 years ago
1981


Diplomacy
Delegates to a 37-nation conference of Islamic countries at Taif, Saudi Arabia approved a resolution calling for immediate withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.

Disasters
An Indonesian passenger ship caught fire in a storm and sank in the Java Sea; 87 were killed, and little hope was held out for the rescue of the 287 people listed as missing.

25 years ago
1986


War
The day after capturing the Ugandan capital of Kampala, the National Resistance Army captured Jinja, the nation’s second largest city, in their civil war aganst government troops. General Tito Okello, who had unseated Milton Obote as President in August 1985, fled to Sudan.

20 years ago
1991


War
In an attempt to stop the flow of oil in to the Persian Gulf, the United States bombed installations that controlled the flow of oil from storage facilities.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XXV @ Tampa
New York Giants 20 Buffalo 19
Buffalo’s Scott Norwood missed a 47-yard field goal attempt with 4 seconds remaining in regulation time that would have given the Bills their first Super Bowl win.

10 years ago
2001

Died on this date
Catherine MacLean
. Canadian woman. Ms. MacLean was walking along a sidewalk in Ottawa when she was struck by a car driven by Russian diplomat Andrey Knyazev, who was drunk. Mr. Knyazev claimed diplomatic immunity, but returned to Moscow, where the Russians said he would face charges under their legal system.

Abominations
A 17-year-old girl was given 180 lashes for having premarital sex, even though she testified that her father had forced her to have sex with three of his friends. She had given birth to a girl three weeks before the flogging. She had married in an attempt to avoid the punishment, but a judge ruled that her current marital status was immaterial.

Politics and government
Lorne Calvert was elected leader of the provincial New Democratic Party in Saskatchewan, meaning that he would also become Premier, succeeding the retiring Roy Romanow.

Tuesday, 25 January 2011

January 26, 2011

80 years ago
1931


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Greek Interpreter

70 years ago
1941


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 3

50 years ago
1961


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Wayne Gretzky!
"The Great One" was born in Brantford, Ontario.

Terrorism
As pirates led by former Portuguese army captain Hector Galvao held almost 1,000 passengers and crew aboard the Portuguese cruise ship Santa Maria hostage in the Atlantic Ocean, the United States Navy agreed to a request by Mr. Galvao for a conference aboard the Santa Maria, but the Navy asked that the ship put in at a Latin American port to discharge passengers. Mr. Galvao said that he would not dock anywhere until he received the status of a "belligerent."

30 years ago
1981


Diplomacy
United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim urged the delegates to a 37-nation conference of Islamic countries in Taif, Saudi Arabia to help the UN mediate the war between Iran and Iraq.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that states were free to permit criminal trials to be televised. The justices felt that television did not violate a defendant’s right to a fair trial, even when the subject objected to the cameras. The ruling still left open the right of appeal on the grounds that the trial was unfair or the jurors biased by a particular type of news coverage. At the time of the decision, 27 states had permitted some form of televised court proceedings--21 of them in criminal trials--but 10 of the 21 required the consent of the defendant.

Scandal
Former U.S. Representative Richard Kelly (Republican--Florida) was convicted of bribery, conspiracy, and interstate travel in aid of a racketeering enterprise, becoming the sixth member or former member of Congress to be convicted in the Abscam trials. Videotapes had shown Mr. Kelly taking $25,000 in cash and putting it in his pocket after promising to help two Arab sheiks immigrate to the United States. Abscam was a sting operation in which Federal Bureau of Investigation agents disguised themselves as Arabs in order to trap Congressmen by offering them bribes.

25 years ago
1986


War
The 10,000-man National Resistance Army, a force originally based in southwestern Uganda, captured the capital city of Kampala in heavy fighting against government troops.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XX @ New Orleans
Chicago 46 New England 10

The Bears forced 6 turnovers and turned them into 24 points in routing the Patriots before 73,818 fans at the Louisiana Superdome to win their first NFL title in 22 years.

20 years ago
1991


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Will Never Do (Without You)--Janet Jackson
2 High Enough--Damn Yankees
3 The First Time--Surface
4 Sensitivity--Ralph Tresvant
5 Justify My Love--Madonna
6 Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams
7 I’m Not in Love--Will to Power
8 After the Rain--Nelson
9 Play That Funky Music--Vanilla Ice
10 Tom’s Diner--D.N.A. featuring Suzanne Vega

Singles entering the chart were Coming Out of the Dark by Gloria Estefan (#49); Secret by Heart (#70) and Who Said I Would by Phil Collins (#87).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 You Gotta Love Someone--Elton John
2 Justify My Love--Madonna
3 Love Will Never Do (Without You)--Janet Jackson
4 Freedom--George Michael
5 Til I Am Myself Again--Blue Rodeo
6 Disappear--INXS
7 Because I Love You (The Postman Song)--Stevie B
8 One and Only Man--Steve Winwood
9 Hang in Long Enough--Phil Collins
10 After the Rain--Nelson

Singles entering the chart included Chasin' the Wind by Chicago (#74) and Waiting for That Day by George Michael (#89).

War
The Pentagon said that two dozen Iraqi aircraft had flown to Iran. Many more soon joined them, and Iran, which had declared its neutrality in the Gulf War, said the planes would be impounded until the end of the war.

Protest
A protest rally against the Gulf War was held at Sir Winston Churchill Square in downtown Edmonton. Federal New Democrat MP Svend Robinson addressed the rally as did local environmental activist Tooker Gomberg. F or Mr. Gomberg, dislike of the United States apparently took precedence over care for the environment, since it was Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein who had recently dumped oil into the Persian Gulf. This blogger participated in a pro-war rally, climaxed by a march to the statue of Mr. Churchill.

Hockey
NHL
Chicago 5 @ Toronto 1

10 years ago
2001


Disasters
25,000 people were killed and a million left homeless when an earthquake measuring 7.7 or 7.9 on the Richter scale struck western India and parts of Pakistan.

Politics and government
Joseph Kabila, 29, was sworn in as President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, replacing his father, Laurent, who had died nine days earlier after being shot by a bodyguard.

Monday, 24 January 2011

January 25, 2011

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Zlata Antunovic!

60 years ago
1951


At the movies
The Enforcer, starring Humphrey Bogart, Zero Mostel, Ted de Corsia, and Everett Sloane, opened in theatres. It was Mr. Bogart’s last film under his contract to the Warner Brothers studio.

50 years ago
1961


World events
A new six-man junta seized power in El Salvador, ousting another junta that had ruled for three months after toppling President Jose Maria Lemus. The new junta--two army officers and four civilians called the Military-Civilian Directorate--said it acted to halt the "leftist excesses" of the old junta. The new group said that its aims were "eminently anti-Communist and constitutional."

Terrorism
The pilot of a U.S. Navy patrol bomber spotted the Portuguese cruise ship Santa Maria far out in the Atlantic Ocean, three days after it had been seized by pirates led by former Portuguese army captain Hecor Galvao. The U.S. plane’s pilot radioed a request to Mr. Galvao to turn about and put in at the U.S. Naval Base in San Juan. Mr. Galvao refused, and said he was headed for the Portuguese colony of Angola in western Africa.

Politics and government
U.S. President John F. Kennedy held the first presidential news conference to be broadcast live on radio and television. He announced that the U.S.S.R. had released the two surviving crewmen of a U.S. Air Force RB-47 jet reconnaissance plane that had been shot down by Soviet flyers over the Barents Sea on July 1, 1960. The Americans, Captain Freeman Olmstead and Captain John McKone, were flown from Moscow to Washington, where they were entertained at the White House as President and Mrs. Kennedy before returning to their homes at Forbes Air Force Base in Topeka, Kansas.

40 years ago
1971


World events
A military coup led by General Idi Amin seized power in Uganda while President Milton Obote was attending the Commonwealth Conference in Singapore.

Space
The United States launched Intelsat IV F-2, the first of three global communications satellites launched in 1971 to form part of a satellite communications system operated by the multinational International Communications Satellite Consortium.

Crime
Charles Manson and three of his followers were convicted of the 1969 murders of actress Sharon Tate and six other people.

Disasters
18 people were killed when a Venezuelan airliner crashed south of Lake Maracaibo.

30 years ago
1981


Terrorism
Five days after their release from the U.S. embassy in Tehran after 444 days of captivity, 52 American hostages set foot on American soil after their U.S. Air Force VC-137 named Freedom One landed at Stewart International Airport, 17 miles from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York. The hostages were joined by their families and taken by bus to the Hotel Thayer on the academy grounds, where they were to stay until January 27.

War
Iraq announced that it had captured two strategic mountain passes in the Iranian province of Kurdistan.

Diplomacy
Leaders of 37 Muslim nations and the Palestine Liberation Organization convened in Taif, Saudi Arabia, for the beginning of a five-day conference. Missing was the five-member Iranian delegation, which had been instructed by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini to boycott the meeting because Iraqi President Saddam Hussein would be there. Libya also boycotted the meeting to protest the presence of U.S. surveillance planes based in Saudi Arabia. Afghanistan was barred because its government was attempting to suppress Muslim rebels, and Egypt was barred because of its peace treaty with Israel. In an opening speech read by Crown Prince Fahd, King Khalid of Saudi Arabia urged the group to drive Israel out of the Arab territories it had occupied since 1967, and to secure the rights of the Palestinians.

World events
Jiang Qing, the widow of Chinese Chairman Mao Zedong, was sentenced to death for counter-revolutionary crimes during the Cultural Revolution of 1966-1976. However, the sentence was suspended for two years during which she would be "helped to reform through labour." If she reformed, the court could commute the sentence to imprisonment. The sentences of the other three members of the "Gang of Four" were also announced. Zhang Chunqiao, former mayor of Shanghai, received the same sentence as Jiang Qing. Yao Wenyaun, former head of China’s mass communication organizations, was sentenced to 20 years in prison. Wang Hongwen, former deputy party chairman, was sentenced to life imprisonment. Other defendants received prison sentences of 16-18 years, but since most of them had been jailed in 1971, it was ruled that they had already served more than half of their sentences.

Politics and government
Four British Labour Party Members of Parliament--all former cabinet ministers--announced their intentions to break away from the party and set up a "council for social democracy."

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XV @ New Orleans
Oakland 27 Philadelphia 10

Jim Plunkett completed 13 of 21 passes for 261 yards and 3 touchdowns as the Raiders became the first team to win the Super Bowl after qualifying for the playoffs as a wild card team. Mr. Plunkett's touchdown passes covered 2 yards to Cliff Branch and 80 yards to Kenny King in the 1st quarter, and 29 yards to Mr. Branch in the 3rd quarter. Chris Bahr converted all 3 and added fild goals of 46 and 35 yards. The Eagles scored their only touchdown in the 4th quarter on an 8-yard pass from Ron Jaworski to Keith Krepfle. Tony Franklin, who had kicked a 30-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter. converted. Mr. Jaworski completed 18 of 38 passes for 291 yards but gave up 3 interceptions, all to linebacker Rod Martin, who returned them a total of 44 yards. Mark van Eeghen led the Oakland rushing attack with 80 yards on 19 carries; Wilbert Montgomery led Philadelphia with 44 yards on 16 carries. Mr. King led the Raiders with 93 yards on 2 receptions; Mr. Montgomery led the Eagles with 91 yards on 6 receptions. 76,135 fans attended the game at Louisiana Superdome.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That’s What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder)
2 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
3 Alive and Kicking--Simple Minds
4 Party All the Time--Eddie Murphy
5 Talk to Me--Stevie Nicks
6 Burning Heart--Survivor
7 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
8 I’m Your Man--Wham!
9 My Hometown--Bruce Springsteen
10 Tonight She Comes--The Cars

Singles entering the chart included Manic Monday by the Bangles (#87) and Pleasure and Pain by Divinyls (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 That's What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder)
2 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
3 Rock Me, Amadeus--Falco
4 Party All the Time--Eddie Murphy
5 Everything in My Heart--Corey Hart
6 Tarzan Boy--Baltimora
7 I Miss You--Klymaxx
8 When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean
9 I'm Your Man--Wham!
10 Sun City--Artists United Against Apartheid

Singles entering the chart included People See Through You by Bruce Cockburn (#70); These Dreams by Heart (#74); and Nikita by Elton John (#90).

20 years ago
1991


War
Allied officials accused Iraq of environmental terrorism for dumping millions of litres of crude oil from a Kuwaiti supertanker into the Persian Gulf. It was the largest oil slick on record, covering about 900 square kilometres, and containing as much as 11 million barrels of oil by January 30. The oil posed a serious danger to the area’s ecosystem as well as to the operation of Allied ships.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had declined at an annual rate of 2.1% for the fourth quarter of 1990; for all of 1990, the growth rate was 0.9%, the lowest since the 2.5% decline in 1982.

Sunday, 23 January 2011

January 24, 2011

1,970 years ago
41


Died on this date
Caligula (Caius Caesar), 28. Roman Emperor, 37-41. A nut case who made his horse a priest and consul and attempted to erect a statue of himself in the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, Caligula was assassinated by a tribune of the Praetorian Guard and replaced by Claudius I.

300 years ago
1711

Music

George Frideric Handel's opera Rinaldo premiered at Queen's Theatre in London's Haymarket.

50 years ago
1961


On television tonight
Thriller, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Choose a Victim, starring Larry Blyden, Susan Oliver, and Vaughn Taylor

Divorced on this date
Marilyn Monroe, U.S. actress, and Arthur Miller, U.S. playwright
. The divorce, after a marriage of less than five years, took place in Mexico, shortly before The Misfits--a movie written by Mr. Miller and starring Miss Monroe--was about to be released in theatres.

40 years ago
1971


War
For the fifth time since January 1966, South Vietnam released Communist prisoners of war. 37 sick or disabled captives were freed, bringing the total to 231.

30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon (5th week at #1)
2 The Tide is High--Blondie
3 Lady--Kenny Rogers
4 Love on the Rocks--Neil Diamond
5 Celebration--Kool & The Gang
6 Hungry Heart--Bruce Springsteen
7 Passion--Rod Stewart
8 Guilty--Barbra Streisand and Barry Gibb
9 Every Woman in the World--Air Supply
10 Hit Me with Your Best Shot--Pat Benatar

Singles entering the chart included The Best of Times by Styx (#31); Crying by Don McLean (#43); Kiss on My List by Daryl Hall and John Oates (#73); Hearts on Fire by Randy Meisner (#74); Guitar Man by Elvis Presley (#79--a remix of his 1968 hit); I Don’t Want to Know Your Name by Glen Campbell (#87); Fly Away by Peter Allen (#90); and Remote Control by the Reddings (#96). The Reddings were the sons of the legendary 1960s’ singer Otis Redding, who had been killed in a plane crash in December 1967.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon (3rd week at #1)
2 Lady--Kenny Rogers
3 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
4 Don't Stand So Close to Me--The Police
5 Wasn't That a Party--The Rovers
6 The Tide is High--Blondie
7 Turning Japanese--The Vapors
8 More Than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
9 Hungry Heart--Bruce Springsteen
10 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen

Singles entering the chart included Hey Nineteen by Steely Dan (#29); Keep on Loving You by REO Speedwagon (#41); Never Knew Love Like This Before by Stephanie Mills (#44); Fashion Victim by Rough Trade (#46); and Giving it Up for Your Love by Delbert McClinton (#50).

World events
South Korean President Chun Doo Hwan lifted martial law in his country after 456 days of total or partial military authority dating back to the 1979 assassination of President Park Chung Hee. The midnight-4 A.M. curfew that had been in place since 1945 remained in effect. President Chun also commuted the death sentence of opposition politician Kim Dae Jung to life imprisonment. The moves were among a series of actions made by Mr. Chun prior to a trip to Washington in February to meet with U.S. President Ronald Reagan.

Protest
Millions of Polish workers obeyed the call of the trade union movement Solidarity to take the day off.

Business
Seven major Japanese commercial banks wrote off a large portion of their claims against Chrysler Corporation. Chrysler had requested an 85% writeoff on the $156 million that it had borrowed from the banks, as a condition laid down by the U.S. Federal Loan Guarantee Board when it approved Chrysler’s application for extra loan guarantees totalling $400 million. The Japanese banks felt that they had no alternative, since Chrysler had to be rescued financially.

Grumman Corporation notified officials in 27 U.S. cities that it had found a flaw in its Flxible buses that might cause the driver to lose control of the bus. Grumman said that the buses should be inspected and taken out of service if necessary, with Grumman paying to repair the defect. A total of 2,600 Flxible buses had been purchased.

Hockey
NHL
Philadelphia 3 @ Montreal 6

25 years ago
1986


Died on this date
L. Ron Hubbard, 74
. U.S. author and cult religious leader. Mr. Hubbard was a writer of science fiction whose book Dianetics (1950) served as the foundational text of a new religious movement, which evolved into a criminal organization. He reportedly died at his ranch in California, although a number of books under his name were published after his death.

Space
The U.S. probe Voyager 2 passed within 51,000 miles of Uranus.

Defense
The United States Navy began a week of naval maneuvers north of Libya.

Politics
U.S. Vice-President George Bush praised Moral Majority leader Rev. Jerry Falwell for "the moral vision you have brought to our political life."

20 years ago
1991


War
Canadian warplanes completed their first combat mission of the Gulf War, escorting U.S. fighter bombers over Iraq. Allied forces were able to retake a small Kuwaiti island, the first piece of territory freed from Iraqi occupation. Allied combat missions totalled 8,000, with Allied military casualties--dead and missing--reported at 30.

Health
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control announced that 161,073 people had contracted AIDS in the United States, and that 100,077 had died.

10 years ago
2001


Politics and government
The United States Senate approved two more of President George W. Bush's cabinet nominees: Tommy Thompson--Secretary of Health and Human Services; Norman Mineta--Secretary of Transportation.

Saturday, 22 January 2011

January 23, 2011

60 years ago
1951


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Dead Fall, Barry Nelson, Signe Hasso, and Robert Emhardt

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Wonderland by Night--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

Space
The mission of Discoverer 19, a U.S. satellite launched on December 20, 1960 to study atmospheric phenomena and infrared radiation, ended.

Politics and government
Following a five-day meeting of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee in Peiping presided over by Chairman Mao Tse-tung, a communiqué was issued acknowledging that agricultural production in China had lagged seriously behind goals for the previous two years. While drought and floods were blamed for poor yields--which caused severe food shortages--the communiqué said that some of the difficulties were the result of sabotage by "bad elements" in the party. It ordered an immediate purge of these "bad elements," which the statement said had "infiltrated the party and government departments."

Labour
A two-week strike of 664 ferry and tugboat crewmen employed by 11 railroads in New York ended. The strike had shut down ferry service on which 30,000 commuters depended daily.

Disasters
Fire aboard the U.S. aircraft carrier Saratoga, in the Ionian Sea, killed four U.S. Navy officers and three enlisted men, and injured 23.

Boxing
Pete Rademacher (11-3-1) won a 10-round decision over Donnie Fleeman (35-11-1) in a heavyweight bout in Seattle.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Grandad--Clive Dunn (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Knock Three Times--Dawn

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Knock Three Times--Dawn (2nd week at #1)
2 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
3 One Less Bell to Answer--The 5th Dimension
4 Groove Me--King Floyd
5 Lonely Days--Bee Gees
6 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
7 If I Were Your Woman--Gladys Knight and the Pips
8 Your Song--Elton John
9 Immigrant Song--Led Zeppelin
10 Pay to the Piper--Chairmen of the Board

Singles entering the chart included Mama’s Pearl by the Jackson 5 (#38); Help Me Make it Through the Night by Sammi Smith (#93); and Theme from Love Story by Francis Lai (#94).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Knock Three Times--Dawn
2 My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity--George Harrison
3 Your Song--Elton John
4 Immigrant Song--Led Zeppelin
5 Lonely Days--Bee Gees
6 One Man Band--Three Dog Night
7 Black Magic Woman--Santana
8 Love the One You're With--Stephen Stills
9 Does Anybody Really Know What Time it Is?--Chicago
10 Stoned Love--The Supremes

Singles entering the chart included Beautiful People by the New Seekers (#77); The Long Way Around by Linda Ronstadt (#80); Oh Lonesome Me by Neil Young (#83); Put Your Hand in the Hand by Ocean (#88); and Carry Me by the Stampeders (#89).

Calgary’s top 10
1 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
2 Knock Three Times--Dawn
3 Lonely Days--Bee Gees
4 Sing High, Sing Low--Anne Murray
5 Sweet Mary--Wadsworth Mansion
6 Stoned Love--The Supremes
7 No Matter What--Badfinger
8 Share the Land--The Guess Who
9 If You Could Read My Mind--Gordon Lightfoot
10 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds
Pick hit of the week: Born to Wander--Rare Earth

On the radio
Sherlock Holmes, starring Georg Arlin and Gosta Pruzelius, on Radioteatern (Sweden)
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 3

Diplomacy
The Commonwealth Conference in Singapore ended with a compromise over the wording of the Declaration of Commonwealth Principles. The main issue under discussion was the U.K.’s proposal to sell arms to South Africa despite a voluntary United Nations embargo on arms sales to that country.

30 years ago
1981


Died on this date
Terry Pue, 15
. U.S. youth. Mr. Pue was the 14th boy between the ages of 7 and 15 to have been found murdered in Atlanta, Georgia in the previous 18 months. Two more had disappeared and had not yet been found.

25 years ago
1986


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: Monsters! (starring Ralph Bellamy and Oliver Robins); A Small Talent for War (starring John Glover); A Matter of Minutes (starring Adam Arkin and Karen Austin)

War
The 10,000-man National Resistance Army force led by Yoweri Museveni, originally based in southwestern Uganda, reached the outskirts of the capital city of Kampala. The NRA had reached a peace agreement with the government on December 17, 1985, but had abandoned the agreement in January.

Oil
On the London spot market, the price of Brent Light Crude, a North Sea oil, fell to US$17.25 per barrel before recovering to $18.40, still down by $10 per barrel since November 1985. The world glut of oil was attributed to a warm winter and to increased production by countries that were not members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Saudi oil minister Sheik Ahmed Zaki Yamani urged Britain--a non-member of OPEC--to cut production to avert "adverse and dangerous consequences for the whole world economy." The Saudis had doubled their own output since August 1985.

20 years ago
1991


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Heartbreak

War
U.S. General Colin Powell said that Allied forces had gained air superiority over Iraq; that Iraq’s two operating nuclear plants were "finished;" and that chemical and biological warfare facilities had been badly damaged. Of 22 Scud missiles fired by Iraq at Saudi Arabia, 18 had been downed by U.S. patriot missiles, and none had caused damage.

Soviet troops seized the main paper warehouse in the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius; no one attempted to stop the takeover.

Economics and finance
U.S. Federal Reserve Board chairman Alan Greenspan concluded two days of reporting to Congress by saying that the nation’s money supply was growing too slowly and that the board might cut interest rates again.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 7 Toronto 3

10 years ago
2001


Politics and government
The United States Senate voted its approval to two more of President George W. Bush’s cabinet nominees: Mel Martinez--Secretary of Housing; and Anthony Principi--Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

Education
U.S. President George W. Bush proposed an education plan that included an increased role for the federal government. The proposal included vouchers for parents to help them remove children from failing schools and pay tuition for private or religious schools. A key objective of Mr. Bush’s plan was to demand accountability from schools receiving federal money, with standardized tests for students in grades 3 through 8.

January 22, 2011

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Betty Walters!

110 years ago
1901

Died on this date
Victoria, 81
. Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1837-1901; Empress of India, 1876-1901. The longest-serving monarch in British history (so far)--and the first in the history of Canada as a dominion--was born in Kensington Palace. Her predecessor on the throne, King William IV, had no children, and his niece Victoria, whose father had died when she was one year old, was next in line. She was succeeded by her eldest son, the Prince of Wales, who reigned as Edward VII.

60 years ago
1951


On the radio
Sherlock Holmes, read by Laidman Browne, on BBC
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 1

Baseball
In a Cuban winter league game between Cienfuegos and Marianao some "rowdies" overran the field, and one of them actually took to the mound and threw several pitches to future major league third baseman Don Hoak, who was batting at the time. The pitches were reportedly hard and wild, with Mr. Hoak yelling at the umpire to put a stop to it. At that point the umpire, with the help of local authorities, escorted the interlopers off the field. Mr. Hoak's unscheduled "relief pitcher" that day was former University of Havana star Fidel Castro, 24.

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Are You Lonesome To-Night?/I Gotta Know--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nancy Lear!

Terrorism
The Portuguese cruise ship Santa Maria was captured in the Caribbean Sea at gunpoint by 24 Portuguese and Spanish political exiles and 6 crew members. The 20,906-ton luxury liner, carrying 607 passengers--including 42 Americans--and 350 crew members, had sailed from Lisbon two weeks earlier for a 6,150-mile Caribbean cruise with Port Everglades, Florida its final destination. The ship took on 24 more passengers--who turned out to be the pirates--at La Guaira, Venezuela and Curacao, Netherlands Antilles. The pirates were led by Henrique Galvo, 65, a former Portuguese army captain. They quickly recruited a crewman to their cause and seized the ship after a brief skirmish in which the Santa Maria’s third officer was killed by gunfire and a crewman was wounded. At the request of the Portuguese government, the U.S.A. and U.K. sent ships and planes to help find the Santa Maria.

Disasters
A U.S. Navy Constellation crashed while landing on Midway Island, killing 6 of 22 airmen aboard the plane and 3 members of the ground crew.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10
1 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
2 Knock Three Times--Dawn
3 Sing High, Sing Low--Anne Murray
4 Your Song--Elton John
5 If You Could Read My Mind--Gordon Lightfoot
6 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
7 Love the One You’re With--Stephen Stills
8 Black Magic Woman--Santana
9 Silver Moon--Michael Nesmith and the First National Band
10 I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Secret

War
Communist commandos shelled central Pnompenh for the first time, at the same time penetrating Cambodia’s major airport and destroying much of its military fleet.

Crime
The United States Army dismissed all charges against the last four enlisted men--Sergeant Esequiel Torres; Specialist 4 Robert T'Souvas; Private Max Hutson; and Private Gerald A. Smith--in connection with the massacre of civilians in the South Vietnamese hamlet of My Lai on March 16, 1968. The charges were dropped on grounds of insufficient evidence.

Politics and government
U.S. President Richard Nixon delivered his State of the Union address, calling for reform of the "entire structure" of the government, tantamount to "a new revolution." He said he would submit to Congress "six great goals" to make the government "fully responsive to the needs and wishes of the American people." His reform proposals covered welfare, the economy, and the sharing of power among the federal, state, and local governments, as well as radical changes in the federal government itself.

Disasters
16 seamen were missing and presumed dead after explosions and fire devastated a U.S.-owned tanker near Capo Pecora, Sardinia.

30 years ago
1981

Died on this date
Norman Strong, 86
. Northern Irish Protestant leader. Sir Norman and his son James, 48, were shot and killed in Belfast by terrorists. Responsibility for the murders was claimed by guerrillas of the Irish Republican Army, who stated that the killings were in reprisal for attacks on nationalists. Police felt that the people alluded to were Bernadette Devlin McAliskey and her husband Michael, who had been shot and wounded on January 16.

War
Government troops in El Salvador recaptured several towns that had been occupied by leftist guerrilla forces in the country’s civil war.

Protest
Hundreds of thousands of labour union members in 10 cities in Poland walked off the job for up to four hours to protest the Polish government’s stand against a five-day work week and the presence of 26 Soviet army divisions poised on the Polish border.

25 years ago
1986


Crime
Three Sikhs were found guilty of the 1984 assassination of Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and were sentenced to hang. One a bodyguard, was found guilty of shooting Mrs. Gandhi. Another bodyguard who fired shots at Mrs. Gandhi had been killed by security guards. The two other convicted men were found guilty of conspiring to murder Mrs. Gandhi. The chief defense lawyer said he would appeal. Some Indians were concerned that extremist Sikhs might respond violently if the death sentences were carried out.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product, the broadest measure of the output of goods and services, had increased, after inflation, by 2.3% in 1985, representing a sharp decline from the 6.6% increase in 1984. The growth rate in the fourth quarter of 1985 was at an annual rate of 2.4%. The U.S. Labor Department reported that the consumer price index had risen only 3.8% in 1985, the fourth consecutive year that it had risen in the 3.8-4.0% range.

20 years ago
1991


War
Iraq released more video footage of two captured American pilots with badly bruised faces who appeared to have been coerced into speaking out against the United Nations’ war against Iraq. U.S. President George Bush denounced the abuse of the pilots, saying it violated "every convention which protects prisoners." British Prime Minister John Major denounced Iraq’s plan to place the prisoners at strategic locations in order to discourage Allied air attacks as "inhuman, illegal and totally contrary to the Geneva Convention."

10 years ago
2001


Society
U.S. President George W. Bush issued an executive order barring federal funds for international agencies that performed abortions or counselled women to get abortions.

Business
Norwegian government officials announced the resumption of the export of whale products, seeking to find a market for 500 tons of blubber in storage, and angering conservationists opposed to commercial whaling.

Health
The British government launched a campaign to convince the public that the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine was safe, in the face of rumours that the vaccine could trigger autism.

Friday, 21 January 2011

January 21, 2011

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Exodus--Ferrante and Teicher (2nd week at #1)
--Mantovani and his Orchestra
2 Will You Love Me Tomorrow--The Shirelles
3 Wonderland By Night--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
--Louis Prima
--Anita Bryant
4 Are You Lonesome To-Night?--Elvis Presley
5 Calcutta--Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra
6 Angel Baby--Rosie and the Originals
7 Rubber Ball--Bobby Vee
8 Corinna, Corinna--Ray Peterson
9 Shop Around--The Miracles
10 Last Date--Floyd Cramer

Singles entering the chart included You Can Have Her by Roy Hamilton (#79); At Last by Etta James (#83); Apache by Jorgen Ingmann and his Guitar (#87); Gee Whiz (Look at his Eyes) by Carla Thomas (#89); Them That Got by Ray Charles (#93); (Boo Hoo) I’m Gonna Cry by Lloyd Price (#95); Where the Boys Are (#96)/No One (#100) by Connie Francis; Bye Bye Baby by Mary Wells (#99); and The Most Beautiful Words by Della Reese (also #100).

Diplomacy
A Western plan to end the civil war in Laos by reviving the International Control Commission for Laos was presented to the Soviet Union by British Ambassador Sir Frank Roberts. The U.K. and U.S.S.R. had been co-chairs of the 1954 Geneva conference that ended the Indo-China war. The Geneva agreement set up the commission--composed of India, Poland, and Canada--which suspended its work in 1958 after being barred by Laos.

40 years ago
1971


Died on this date
Richard Russell, 73
. U.S. Senator, 1933-1971. Sen. Russell, a Democrat from Georgia, died at Walter Reed Medical Center in Washington after a six-week battle with a respiratory infection complicated by chronic emphysema. Mr. Russell had been described by colleagues and President John F. Kennedy as "the most individually respected member of the Senate," and his last illness caused him to miss the opening session of the 92nd Senate--the first opening he had missed since entering the Senate on January 12, 1933. In his last official act, he had given aides a proxy to be used in behalf of Robert Byrd (Democrat--West Virginia) for his successful bid for the post of Senate Democratic whip.

Politics and government
In a surprise move, U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy (Democrat--Massachusetts) as ousted as assistant majority leader (i.e., "whip") of the Senate by Robert Byrd of West Virginia as the Democrat-controlled 92nd Senate convened. The Democratic caucus voted 31-24 in favour of Mr. Byrd for the post.

War
The Paris peace talks between the U.S.A. and South Vietnam on one side and North Vietnam and the Viet Cong on the other side continued to be a stalemate. It was the 100th session of the talks, which had begun on January 25, 1969.

Crime
The United States Army dropped, on grounds of insufficient evidence, all charges against Specialist William F. Doherty related to his alleged involvement in the massacre of civilians in the South Vietnamese hamlet of My Lai on March 16, 1968.

Disasters
A French air force plane crashed in southern France while en route to Perrelatte from Paris, killing 21 people, including 13 of the country’s top military and civilian experts on nuclear weapons and atomic production.

30 years ago
1981

Terrorism

The 52 hostages who had been freed from the U.S. embassy in Tehran the previous day arrived in Wiesbaden, West Germany on their way home. They were welcomed there by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, who, as he was leaving the presidency the day before, was appointed a special envoy by incoming President Ronald Reagan.

25 years ago
1986


Economics and finance
The Canadian House of Commons passed the sweeping tax changes that had been announced in Finance Minister Michael Wilson’s budget in May 1985. The changes included a $500,000 lifetime capital gains tax exemption and elimination of the Registered Home Ownership Plan.

20 years ago
1991


War
U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger met with Israeli leaders in Jerusalem and said they had agreed not to retaliate against Iraq for that country’s Scud missile attacks on Israel without first consulting the United States. Iraq said that it would disperse the growing number of Allied prisoners to strategic sites to discourage air attacks.

10 years ago
2001

Religion

Pope John Paul II appointed 37 new cardinals, a record at one time. 10 were from Latin American and three from the United States, including Avery Dulles, 82, a convert to Roman Catholicism and a Jesuit theologian at Fordham University, and the son of former U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles.