Sunday, 2 January 2011

January 3, 2011

490 years ago


Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church by Pope Leo X.

70 years ago

Sergei Rachmaninoff's Symphonic Dances were given their premiere performance by the Philadelphia Orchestra, conducted by Eugene Ormandy.

60 years ago


Former world heavyweight champion Joe Louis (60-2) scored a technical knockout over Freddie Beshore (28-11-1) at Olympia Stadium in Detroit when referee Johnny Weber stopped the bout at 2:48 of the 4th round on the advice of the ring doctor. Mr. Beshore was bleeding from his nose and had a bad cut on his left eyelid.

50 years ago

On television tonight
Thriller, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Hungry Glass, starring William Shatner, Russell Johnson, Joanna Heyes, and Donna Douglas

U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower announced that the United States had severed diplomatic and consular relations with Cuba. In announcing the break, President Eisenhower referred to a demand by the Cuban government of dictator Fidel Castro that the U.S. reduce its embassy and consulate personnel in Havana to 11 people, and said, "This unusual action...can have no other purpose than to render impossible the conduct of normal diplomatic relations with that government...This calculated action on the part of the Castro government is only the latest of a long series of harassments, baseless accusations, and vilification. There is a limit to what the United States in self-respect can endure. That limit has now been reached." The White House announced that the United States would retain its Guantanamo Naval Base in Cuba. Cuba blamed the Eisenhower administration for the break in relations, and the Soviet news agency Tass said the U.S. action was a "plot to commit aggression against the revolutionary Cuban government."

All 25 aboard a Finnair DC-3 airliner were killed in a crash at Vassa, Finland.

Three U.S. military technicians were killed when an atomic reactor exploded at National Reactor Testing Station at Idaho Falls, Idaho

40 years ago

AFC Championship
Oakland 17 @ Baltimore 27

NFC Championship
Dallas 17 @ San Francisco 10

Norm Bulaich rushed 22 times for 71 times and touchdowns of 2 and 11 yards as the Colts advanced to the Super Bowl with a win over the Raiders before 54,799 fans at Memorial Stadium. Baltimore quarterback Johnny Unitas completed just 11 of 30 passes, but for 245 yards, including a 68-yard touchdown to Ray Perkins in the fourth quarter to restore the 10-point lead after Oakland had scored a converted touchdown to cut the lead to 20-17. Jim O’Brien converted all 3 Baltimore touchdowns and added field goals of 16 and 23 yards. Daryle Lamonica started at quarterback for the Raiders, but left early in the 2nd quarter with a pulled thigh muscle after completing just 1 of 4 passes for 6 yards. George Blanda took over at quarterback for the Raiders and completed 17 of 32 for 271 yards and touchdowns of 38 yards to Fred Biletnikoff in the 3rd quarter and 15 yards to Warren Wells in the 4th quarter. Mr. Blanda converted both touchdowns and added a 48-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Blanda threw 3 interceptions, 2 of which came in the 4th quarter when the Raiders were trailing 20-17 and still had a chance to win or tie the game. Eddie Hinton of the Colts led all receivers with 115 yards on 5 receptions; Mr. Wells, in what turned out to be his last game, led the Raiders with 5 catches for 108 yards. In the off-season, Mr. Wells was sentenced to a year in prison for rape, and when he returned to the Raiders in 1972, his speed was gone, and he was cut from the team early in training camp. Hewritt Dixon led the Oakland rushing game with 10 carries for 51 yards.

Duane Thomas rushed 13 yards for one touchdown and Craig Morton completed a 5-yard pass to Walt Garrison for another as the Cowboys held off the ‘49ers to advance to the Super Bowl for the first time in their 11-year history. Both Dallas touchdowns came in the 3rd quarter after Lee Roy Jordan and Mel Renfro had made interceptions off San Francisco quarterback John Brodie. Mike Clark, who had kicked a 21-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter, converted both to give the Cowboys a 17-3 lead. The ‘49ers promptly struck back before the end of the quarter on a 26-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Brodie to Dick Witcher; Bruce Gossett, who had begun the scoring with a 16-yard field goal in the 1st quarter, converted to cut the Cowboys’ lead to 17-10. The ‘49ers were unable to mount a scoring drive in the 4th quarter. Mr. Thomas rushed 27 times for 143 yards and added 24 yards on 2 pass receptions. Mr. Garrison gained 71 yards on 17 carries, and led the Cowboys with 51 yards on 3 pass receptions. Ken Willard led the ‘49ers with 42 yards on 13 carries, while Gene Washington of San Francisco led all receivers with 6 receptions for 88 yards. Mr. Morton, who was playing with a sore arm, completed just 7 of 22 passes for 101 yards. Mr. Brodie was 19 for 30 for 262 yards. 59,364 were in attendance at the last NFL game at Kezar Stadium.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Michael P. Hammer; Mark David Pearlman
. U.S. aid workers. Mr. Hammer and Mr. Pearlman, who had been working in El Salvador's land redistribution program, were shot in a hotel coffee shop by right-wing assassins.

Heavy fighting began in El Salvador between between leftist guerillas and the military on the mountain slopes on the northwest edge of San Salvador.

Politics and government
It was reported that Deng Xiaoping, deputy chairman of the Chinese Communist Party, had taken over Chairman Hua Guofeng's job as head of the Communist Party's Military Commission.

Economics and finance
Citing an increase in loan demand by business, banks across the United States announced that they would cut their prime lending rate from 21½%-20½%.

25 years ago

Politics and government
Rev. Jerry Falwell, who founded the advocacy organization Moral Majority in 1979, announced that he was forming a new organization, to be called the Liberty Federation, that would deal with a broader spectrum of political issues. The Moral Majority, which was believed to have about five million members, had concentrated on social issues such as abortion and pornography. Mr. Falwell, who was associated with the Republican Party and was widely regarded as a spokesman for American conservative evangelicals, said that the Liberty Federation would confront such issues as Communist threats around the world, and would support a strong military defense for the United States.

Soviet cultural officials criticized some American movies, including the 1985 blockbuster Rambo: First Blood Part II, for their anti-Soviet bias.

20 years ago

The British government expelled eight Iraqi embassy officials--seven diplomats and one security guard--after threats of attacks on Western targets.

U.S. Secretary of Health Louis Sullivan removed acquired immune deficiency sydrome (AIDS) from the list of diseases that would automatically bar an infected person fro entering the United States. Leprosy, syphilis, gonorrhea, and three other diseases were also dropped from the list.

10 years ago

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board cut the federal funds rate--the overnight rate banks charge each other--from 6.5%-6% as a response to indications of a faltering economy. The cut followed a series of rate increases.

Orange Bowl @ Miami
Oklahoma 13 Florida State 2

The Sooners, the only NCAA Division 1-A team to go unbeaten during the regular season, captured the national championship with this victory.

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