Wednesday, 19 January 2011

January 20, 2011

210 years ago
1801


Law
John Marshall was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He served in that office until his death in 1835.

170 years ago
1841


World events
As a result of the first Opium War, China ceded Hong Kong to Great Britain.

75 years ago
1936

Died on this date
George V, 70
. King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India, 1910-1936. The second son of the future King Edward VII, Prince George embarked upon a career as an officer in the Royal Navy, but became heir to the throne upon the death in January 1892 of his older brother Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence (known to the family as Prince Eddy). He succeeded to the throne upon the death of his father in May 1910. King George V was monarch during World War I, and in 1917 decreed that the Royal Family would henceforth bear the surname of Windsor, a change from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. George V, the first British sovereign to address his subjects by means of radio, was an effective constitutional monarch who sat on the throne through numerous changes of government during tough economic times in the 1920s and 1930s. On the evening of January 19, 1936 the British Broadcasting Corporation announced, "The King’s life is moving peacefully to its close." His physician, Lord Dawson, wrote in his diary that he hastened the king’s death by giving him a lethal injection of cocaine and morphine, both to spare the family further suffering, and to ensure that the death at 11:55 P.M. could be announced in the morning edition of The Times. George V was succeeded as king by his eldest son Prince Edward (called David by his family), who reigned as King Edward VIII.

70 years ago
1941


Politics and government
Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated for an unprecedented third term as the 32nd President of the United States of America.

Boxing
Selman Martin (5-11-2) won a split decision over Johnny Paychek (38-6-2) in a heavyweight bout at the Civic Center in Hammond, Indiana. Mr. Paychek announced his retirement the next day.

60 years ago
1951


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Tennessee Waltz--Patti Page (4th week at #1)
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Les Paul and Mary Ford
--Jo Stafford
2 The Thing--Phil Harris
3 My Heart Cries for You--Guy Mitchell
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
--Jimmy Wakely
4 Harbor Lights--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby
5 A Bushel and a Peck--Perry Como and Betty Hutton
--Margaret Whiting and Jimmy Wakely
6 Nevertheless (I’m in Love with You)--Paul Weston and his Orchestra
--The Mills Brothers
--Ralph Flanagan and his Orchestra
--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
7 Thinking of You--Don Cherry
--Eddie Fisher
8 All My Love (Bolero)--Patti Page
--Percy Faith and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Bing Crosby
9 Oh, Babe!--Kay Starr
--Louis Prima and Keely Smith
10 To Think You’ve Chosen Me--Eddy Howard

Singles entering the chart were If by Perry Como (#30) and A Penny a Kiss by Tony Martin and Dinah Shore (#35).

Journalism
Edmonton's first newspaper, the Edmonton Bulletin, ceased publication with that day's edition. The Bulletin had begun publishing in 1880 under the leadership of future federal cabinet minister Frank Oliver. The paper had rapidly gained in circulation on The Edmonton Journal in its last years, but found it impossible to keep going after the Journal bought up most of the available newsprint on which newspapers were printed.

50 years ago
1961


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Whole Truth, starring Jack Carson

Politics and government
John F. Kennedy was inaugurated as the 35th President of the United States. The ceremony included an appearance by Robert Frost reciting his poem The Gift Outright. NBC televised the event in colour, although it’s not known (by me, anyway) if any of the colour video still exists.

40 years ago
1971


On television tonight
Rod Serling’s Night Gallery, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: They’re Tearing Down Tim Riley’s Bar (starring William Windom, Diane Baker, Bert Convy, and John Randolph); The Last Laurel (starring Jack Cassidy and Martine Beswick)

This was the last episode of the series for the season. It was part of an NBC program called Four-in-One, which rotated four series of six episodes each. The first series to run was McCloud, followed by San Francisco International Airport, Rod Serling’s Night Gallery, and The Psychiatrist. McCloud and Rod Serling’s Night Gallery were renewed and expanded to full series in their own right for the 1971-72 season. Mr. Serling’s teleplay for They’re Tearing Down Tim Riley’s Bar was nominated for an Emmy Award in the category of Outstanding Single Program - Drama or Comedy.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Meteor 7, the first of three meterological satellites launched in 1971 to form part of the Soviet Union's weather satellite system.

Labour
In an unprecedented walkout, more than 200,000 British postal workers went on strike for a 15% wage increase.

Disasters
All 31 aboard were killed when a Peruvian air force transport crashed in the central Andes mountains.

30 years ago
1981


Politics and government
Ronald Reagan was inaugurated as the 40th President of the United States. The ceremony was the first presidential inaugural to be held on the western front of the United States Capitol building.

Terrorism
After 444 days in captivity, 52 hostages were freed from the U.S. embassy in Tehran and were escorted out of Iran by Algerian diplomats aboard an Algerian airliner. Following a refuelling stop in Athens, the former hostages were flown to Algiers where they were transferred to the custody of U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Warren Christopher.

25 years ago
1986


Americana
Martin Luther King Day was officially observed in the United States for the first time.

20 years ago
1991


War
Iraq broadcast a videotape of seven captured Allied pilots--Three Americans, two Britons, one Italian, and one Kuwaiti--being paraded blindfolded through the streets of Baghdad. The American pilots appeared dazed and bruised. Several pilots made statements condemning the attacks on Iraq. U.S. General Norman Schwarzkopf said that the Allies had not yet achieved air superiority because Iraqi missiles were still being fired, and Iraq still had airplanes it could use. He said the Allies were attacking the elite Iraqi Republican Guard units in southern Iraq.

Soviet paramilitary troops stormed a government building in the Latvian capital of Riga, killing four Latvians.

Protest
100,000-300,000 people demonstrated in Moscow against the Soviet invasion and occupation of the Baltic republics.

10 years ago
2001


Politics and government
George W. Bush was inaugurated as the 43rd President of the United States. In his address, Mr. Bush appealed for civility among the nation’s leaders and called on all Americans to be good citizens. He said that "compassion is the work of a nation, not just a government," and added that America’s grandest ideal was that "everyone belongs, that everyone deserves a chance, that no insignificant person was ever born."

In an unusual session, the United States Senate approved a number of President George W. Bush’s cabinet nominees: Colin Powell--Secretary of State; Donald Rumsfeld--Secretary of Defense; Paul O’Neill--Secretary of the Treasury; Roderick Paige--Secretary of Education; Spencer Abraham--Secretary of Energy; Donald Evans--Secretary of Commerce; Ann Veneman--Secretary of Agriculture.

Scandal
The day after losing the support of key political and military leaders, Philippines President Joseph Estrada was forced out of office amid accusations he had accepted more than US$11 million in kickbacks from tobacco taxes and illegal gambling. He was succeeded as President by Vice-President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo after the country’s Supreme Court declared the presidency vacant after Mr. Estrada had refused to resign by an agreed-upon deadline.

Among the 176 pardons and commutations issued by Bill Clinton in his final hours as President of the United States were those of former Central Intelligence Agency Director John Deutch, who faced prosecution for storing U.S. government secrets on his home computer; newspaper heiress Patty Hearst Shaw, who had long since served a prison sentence for her part in a 1974 bank robbery with the terrorist Symbionese Liberation Army; Mr. Clinton’s half-brother Roger Clinton, who had pleaded guilty to a charge involving cocaine distribution; four Hasidic Jews from New York who had been convicted of embezzlement and who may have lobbied one of the state’s Hasidic communities to vote for First Lady Hillary Clinton in her 2000 U.S. Senate bid; and crooked commodities trader Marc Rich, who had fled to Switzerland in 1983 after being charged with conspiracy, evading more than $48 million in taxes, racketeering, and trading with Iran while that country was holding U.S. hostages. Mr. Rich’s ex-wife Denise had been a significant contributor to the Democratic party and to the Clinton Library, and had lobbied for Mr. Rich’s pardon.

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