Wednesday, 30 April 2008

April 27, 2008

490 years ago
1518

Diplomacy

The Treaty of St. Truiden, an anti-French Trapdoors/Bourgondisch covenant, was signed. I don't know who the anti-French Trapdoors or Bourgondisch were, but I do know this...

180 years ago
1828

Britannica

The Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park London, opened.

170 years ago
1838

Disasters

Fire destroyed half of Charleston, South Carolina.

100 years ago
1908

Olympics

The 4th modern Olympic games opened in London.

90 years ago
1918

Baseball

The New York Giants 9-0 start and the Brooklyn Dodgers 0-9 losing streak were both stopped, as the Dodgers won the opening game of a doubleheader 5-3, behind Larry Cheney's strong pitching.

80 years ago
1928

Aviation

The Ford relief plane, sent to aid the German Junker Bremen, which had been stranded on Greenely Island, near Newfoundland, since April 13, left Lake St. Agnes at 6:55 A.M. with the Bremen’s crew, as well as Miss Herta Junkers and C.J.V. Murphy of the New York World. The plane refuelled at Hartford, Connecticut, and landed at Curtiss Field, Long Island at 1:51 P.M. The passengers and crew then went to Washington by train. The body of Floyd Bennett, who had taken ill with pneumonia on the relief flight, arrived at New York from Quebec, and was taken by train to Washington, to be interred with military honours at Arlington National Cemetery.

75 years ago
1933

Science

Karl Jansky reported reception of a cosmic radio signal in Washington, D.C.

60 years ago
1948

War

An Arab legion attacked the Gesher bridge on the Jordan River.

50 years ago
1958


On the radio
The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 4, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBc Light Programme

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: Death Sentence

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (3rd week at #1)

What a Wonderful World "bubbled under" the Billboard Hot 100 in 1967, and didn’t become a hit in North America until early 1988, when it was re-released as a single after being included on the soundtrack of the movie Good Morning, Vietnam.

World events
The United Nations Security Council urged the cancellation of a military parade in Jerusalem scheduled for May 2 to mark Israel's 20th anniversary.

War
In a bid to foment new fighting, North Korean troops attacked United Nations troops near the Demilitarized Zone, killing two South Korean soldiers and wounding two Americans.

Seven days of Nigerian government bombing raids against Ibo refugees in secessionist Biafra concluded, with about 300 killed. The pilots, believed to be Egyptian and Sudanese, flew Russian MiG and Czechoslovakian Delfin jets.

Politics
U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey officially declared that he was seeking the Democratic presidential nomination. Mr. Humphrey, who made the announcement on a nationally-televised program before 1,700 friends and supporters since it was too late to enter the primary races, called for "a new American patriotism."

The Congress of Political Party Radicals (PPR) was formed in the Netherlands.

Baseball
Tom Phoebus of the Baltimore Orioles pitched a no-hitter against the visiting Boston Red Sox at Memorial Stadium. Third baseman Brooks Robinson drove in three runs and made a great catch to rob Rico Petrocelli of a hit in the eighth inning as the Orioles won 6-0.

Hockey
Gary Sabourin scored 1:32 into overtime to give the St. Louis Blues a 4-3 win over the Minnesota North Stars at the St. Louis Arena, tying their Stanley Cup semi-final series at 2 games each.

Disasters
A biplane in an air show near San Luis Obispo, California crashed, killing 4.

Theatre
The Broadway musical I'm Solomon closed at the Mark Hellinger Theatre four days after opening, after just seven performances.

30 years ago
1978

World events

A pro-Soviet military junta overthrew the government of President Mohmmad Daud Khan of Afghanistan. President Daud, who himself had come to power in a coup in 1973, was killed resisting the coup against him.

Cuban dictator Fidel Castro concluded a week of meetings with Ethiopian dictator Lt. Col. Mengistu Haile Mariam. The two main secessionist guerrilla groups in the Ethiopian province of Eritrea, the Eritrean Liberation Front and the Eritrean People's Liberation Front, agreed to merge forces.

Hockey
The Toronto Maple Leafs scored 4 goals in the first period and coasted to a 5-2 win over the New York Islanders at Maple Leaf Gardens to send their Stanley Cup quarter-final series to a seventh game.

Baseball
In the 14th annual Mayor's Trophy Game, the New York Yankees beat the New York Mets 4-3 in 11 innings.

Disasters
Scaffolding inside a cooling tower being built for a utility company in West Virginia collapsed, throwing 51 workers 170 feet to their deaths.

25 years ago
1983

Baseball

Nolan Ryan of the Houston Astros fanned Brad Mills of the Montreal Expos at Olympic Stadium in Montreal for his 3,509th career strikeout, passing Walter Johnson for first place on the career list. The Astros won 4-2.

Diplomacy
Soviet leader Yuri Andropov proposed an international agreement that would keep outer space free from weapons, probaly in reaction to U.S. President Ronald Reagan’s recent announcement of the Strategic Defense Initiative.

Defense
U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz, in Israel, received a briefing on a large Soviet military buildup in Syria.

Politics and government
U.S. President Ronald Reagan took the unusual step of addressing a joint session of Congress on a foreign policy issue. He appealed for approval of his requests for economic and military assistance to Central America, stressing the region’s proximity to the United States, adding that it was vital to American interests. While acknowledging that the government of El Salvador had human rights problems, the President said that El Salvador was making progress in democracy and land reform, and that the Marxists were seeking to destabilize the country and its neighbours. President Reagan also accused Nicaragua of stirring up trouble in the area. The President received heavy applause when he said that he had "no thought of sending American combat troops" into Central America. Senator Christopher Dodd, replying for the Democrats, called for negotiated settlements for the region, and said that the Reagan administration did not understand the causes of conflict in Central America.

20 years ago
1988

Londonia

The London chapter (now the Southwestern Ontario Chapter) of the Ontario Association of Archivists (now the Archives Association of Ontario) was formed at a meeting on the campus of the University of Western Ontario. This blogger was one of those in attendance.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney arrived in Washington for his fourth and final summit conference with U.S. President Ronald Reagan. In an address to Congress, Mr. Mulroney urged approval of a bilateral agreement on control of acid rain, and he called on Congress to ratify the U.S.-Canada free trade agreement. At his meeting with Mr. Reagan, the Prime Minister asked the President to set a timetable for banning sulfurous emissions in the United States that many experts--though not those in the Reagan administration--believed were the cause of acid rain. President Reagan said that the United States would not oppose the transfer of nuclear reactor technology, clearing the way for Canada to purchase British nuclear submarines.

10 years ago
1998

Died on this date
Carlos Castaneda, 72
. Peruvian-born U.S. anthropologist. Dr. Castaneda became popular in the late 1960s and early 1970s for books in which he detailed his encounters with a Yaqui Indian shaman from Mexico named don Juan Matus. As a graduate student in anthropology at University of California at Los Angeles, Mr. Castaneda published The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge in 1968. Subsequent books included A Separate Reality (1971); Journey to Ixtlan (1972); and Tales of Power (1974). Since Dr. Castaneda’s writings resulted from the use of psychotropic plants, there’s always been some dispute as to whether his stories were fact or fiction. Was don Juan Matus an actual shaman, or was he just a demon that appeared to Dr. Castaneda when he went on his drug trips? In his later years, Dr. Castaneda promoted Tensegrity, a variety of body movements that he said had been passed down through 25 generations of Toltec shamans. Some have called Carlos Castaneda "The Godfather of the New Age."

Law
In the U.S.A., an appeals court in Cincinnati ruled that restrictions on campaign spending were an unconstitutional limitation on freedom of speech.

April 26, 2008

530 years ago
1478

World events

The so-called "Pazzi Conspiracy" against the Medici family for control of Tuscany was put into action in Florence. On Sunday, during High Mass at the Duomo before a crowd of 10,000, Giuliano de' Medici was stabbed 19 times by a gang that included a priest, and bled to death on the cathedral floor. His brother Lorenzo escaped with serious, but non life-threatening wounds. The coup d'état attempt failed, and a mob seized and killed the conspirators. Jacopo de' Pazzi was defenestrated, finished off by the mob, and dragged naked through the streets and thrown into the Arno River. To quote Alfred Hitchcock (out of context), "They were quite droll in those days."

180 years ago
1828

War

Russia declared war on Turkey to support Greece's independence.

80 years ago
1928

Adventure

Toichio Araki, who had left Tokyo heading east on April 6, arrived in London. Ryvkichi Matsui, who had left Tokyo the same day as Mr. Araki, but heading west, arrived in Berlin.

Aviation
Baron von Huenefeld, Captain Koehl, and Major Fitzmaurice of the German Junker Bremen, which had been stranded on Greenely Island for 13 days since landing there on an attempt to cross the Atlantic Ocean from Dublin to New York, were taken to Lake St. Agnes, Murray Bay by a Ford relief plane. The Bremen was left at Greenely Island.

War
In the civil war at Taian, near Tsinan, China, a sniper killed Mrs. W. T. Hobart, 68, a Methodist missionary from Flushing, New York.

Business
The Pennsylvania Railroad announced that it had acquired, for about $63 million the Delaware & Hudson Company’s stock of the Wabash and Lehigh Valley Lines.

Popular Culture
Madame Tussaud's waxwork exhibition opened in London.

75 years ago
1933


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Typewritten Will

Abominations
Jewish students were barred from school in Germany.

70 years ago
1938

World events

Austrian Jews were required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks.

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

Edmonton’s top 10
1 Love is All Around--The Troggs
2 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra, and Chorus
3 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
4 Jennifer Eccles--The Hollies
5 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
6 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
7 Call Me Lightning--The Who
8 The Unknown Soldier--The Doors
9 Young Girl--The Union Gap
10 Take Time to Know Her--Percy Sledge
Pick of the Week: Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
New this week: Baby, Make your Own Sweet Music--Jay and the Techniques
I Am the Man for You, Baby--Edwin Starr
Tiptoe Thru the Tulips With Me--Tiny Tim
Chain Around the Flowers--The Lewis and Clarke Expedition

World events
Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan warned that the Jordan Valley would become a battlefield if Jordan did not curb the saboteurs currently plaguing Israel.

Defense
The United States performed an underground nuclear test--Boxcar--a 1-megaton device at the Nevada test site.

Academia
Student protesters at Columbia University took over a fifth building since the beginning of unrest two days earlier. Classes were cancelled and the campus was sealed off after 250 Negro high school students invaded the area shouting "Black Power." The protesters now numbered about 700. The university administration announced suspension of work on a gymnasium in Morningside Park, the proposed construction of which had ostensibly sparked the protests in the first place.

In Columbus, Ohio, student protesters seized the administration building at Ohio State University.

30 years ago
1978

Economics and finance

April 26 marked the end of a 10-day (starting April 13) trading period at the New York Stock Exchange that saw a record 431.88 million shares traded, and a 62-point rise in the Dow Jones Industrial Average.

Business
The Quebec National Assembly passed a resolution deploring the vote by stockholders of Sun Life Assurance Co. to move their head office from Montreal to Toronto.

Scandal
Former United States Budget Director Bert Lance was charged by the Securities Exchange Commission with civil fraud and "unsafe and unsound banking practices and financial irregularities." Also charged were the Calhoun First National Bank and the National Bank of Georgia, the two banks that Mr. Lance had headed before joining the Carter administration. Mr. Lance and the banks settled the complaint as soon as it was filed by promising not to violate, in the future, the laws cited in the complaint, but neither denied nor admitted guilt.

Crime
Michael Townley, a 35-year-old American, was charged in Washington, D.C., with conspiracy in the 1976 murder of Orlando Lelelier, former Chilean ambassador to the United States. Mr. Townley had been extradited from Chile on April 8.

World events
Arkady N. Shevchenko, a top-ranking Soviet official in the United Nations Secretariat who had defected on April 10, applied for asylum in the United States and announced that he was resigning his UN post. He had originally tried to retain his post even after his defection, but the U.S.S.R. insisted that he be replaced.

25 years ago
1983


Died on this date
Bronislau Kaper, 81
. Polish-born U.S. composer. Mr. Kaper grew up in Poland, but moved to Berlin as a student, and fled to France when the Nazis took power in Germany in 1933. When Hollywood mogul Louis B. Mayer was on vacation in 1935, he heard one of Mr. Kaper’s songs, and brought the composer to America, signing him for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Mr. Kaper wrote the music for over 100 movies, including San Francisco (1936); Gaslight (1944); The Stranger (1946); Green Dolphin Street (1947); Act of Violence (1949); Them! (1954); The Brothers Karamazov (1958); Home From the Hill (1960); and Lord Jim (1965). He was nominated for an Academy Award for Music (Scoring of a Musical Picture) for The Chocolate Soldier (1941), and won the Oscar for Music (Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture) for Lili (1953). Mr. Kaper received two Oscar nominations for the 1962 version of Mutiny on the Bounty: Music (Original Song) for Love Song From Mutiny on the Bounty (Follow Me); and Music (Score--Substantially Original). For many moviegoers and critics, Mr. Kaper’s score for Mutiny on the Bounty was the best part of the film. He also wrote the theme music for the CBS television series The F.B.I., which ran from 1965-1974.

Education
The 18-member National Commission on Excellence in Education, created by United States Secretary of Education Terrel Bell in 1981, issued its report, A Nation at Risk. The panel said that the decline of the schools "threatens our very future as a nation and a people." The report found that students were falling behind their contemporaries in other industrialized nations in academic skills. Arguing that excellence was less expensive than mediocrity, the report called on the public to provide the money needed to turn the situation around. The panel recommended that schools put more emphasis on English, mathematics, science, social studies, and compute science; that the school day and the school year be lengthened; that teachers be rewarded for merit rather than seniority; and that colleges raise their admission standards.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones Industrial Average broke 1,200 for the first time.

Politics and government
San Francisco Mayor Dianne Feinstein won an overwhelming victory in a recall election.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
New York Islanders 5 @ Boston 2 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

20 years ago
1988

Politics and government

In the Manitoba provincial election, the governing New Democratic Party, under Premier Howard Pawley, lost to the Progressive Conservatives, whose leader was Gary Filmon. The PCs took 25 seats; the Liberals, led by Sharon Carstairs, took 20 seats to become the official Opposition; and the NDP were reduced to 12 seats.

In the contests for the 1988 United States presidential nominations, Vice-President George Bush mathematically clinched the Republican nomination with a victory in the Pennsylvania primary. He now had 1,144 pledged delegates, 5 more than the minimum needed. Michael Dukakis won the Democratic primary, taking 67% of the vote to Jesse Jackson’s 27%. For the first time, Mr. Dukakis had opened a large lead over Rev. Jackson: 1,250 delegates to 850, with 2,081 needed in order to clinch the nomination.

Labour
A strike of about 15,000 workers began at the Lenin steel mill near Krakow, Poland.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals

The Boston Bruins defeated the Montreal Canadiens at the Montreal Forum to win their series 4 games to 1. It marked the first time in 45 years (and 18 series) that the Bruins had taken a playoff series from the Canadiens.

Baseball
New York Mets’ first baseman Keith Hernandez hit a pair of home runs and drove in seven runs during a 13-4 rout of the Atlanta Braves. The seven RBI gave Hernandez 1,000 for his major league career. Davey Johnson became the second manager to record 400 victories in his first 4 years (Al Lopez was the first).

Basketball
The NBA approved the addition of a third referee for games in the 1988-89 season.

April 25, 2008

330 years ago
1678

War

French troops captured Ypres from Spain.

110 years ago
1898

War

The United States declared war on Spain over Cuba, the day after Spain had declared war on the U.S.A.

100 years ago
1908

Born on this date
Edward R. Murrow
. U.S. broadcast journalist. Mr. Murrow was probably America’s most famous radio and television journalist in the mid-20th Century. The Washington State University graduate joined the Columbia Broadcasting System in 1935, and remained with CBS for the next 25 years. In 1937 Mr. Murrow was sent to London as director of CBS’s European operations. On March 13, 1938 he co-ordinated a multi-site live broadcast concerning Nazi Germany’s Anschluss of Austria, a landmark broadcast for the time. Mr. Murrow became famous, and remains well-known, for his broadcasts from London during the blitz in 1940. He opened his broadcasts with "This is...London," and soon began closing them with "Good night and good luck."

By 1947 Mr. Murrow was back in the United States, doing daily newscasts. A series of spoken-word long-playing records titled I Can Hear it Now led to a CBS radio documentary series called Hear it Now. Mr. Murrow soon added a television version; See it Now began broadcasting on November 18, 1951. The most famous broadcast of See it Now took place on March 9, 1954, when Mr. Murrow attacked Senator Joseph McCarthy because of his methods in addressing the threat of Communism. While most reaction was positive, there were a number of anti-McCarthy commentators who thought that Mr. Murrow was guilty of the same sins of distortion that he accused Mr. McCarthy of. The story (from the point of view of Mr. Murrow) was told in the 2005 movie Good Night and Good Luck, starring David Strathairn as Edward R. Murrow (Mr. Strathairn received a Best Actor Academy Award nomination for his performance). See it Now obtained high ratings only occasionally; it stopped running as a weekly show in 1955, but continued to run as an occasional show until the summer of 1958.

Mr. Murrow hosted several other shows during the 1950s. This I Believe ran on radio from 1951-1955. In 1953 he began hosting the television show Person to Person, a program in which Mr. Murrow, from his studio, interviewed celebrities in their homes. Person to Person consistently drew higher ratings than See it Now. Another program of Mr. Murrow’s was Small World, which brought political figures together for one-on-one debates. He continued his daily radio reports until 1959. Mr. Murrow’s last major broadcast was an episode of the documentary television series CBS Reports called Harvest of Shame, about the plight of migrant farm workers in the United States, which was broadcast in November 1960. He also appeared as himself in the 1960 movie Sink the Bismarck!

Mr. Murrow left CBS in 1961 when President John F. Kennedy appointed him as director of the United States Information Agency; he remained in this position until 1964, when a heavy smoking habit finally caught up with him, and a losing battle with lung cancer forced his resignation. Edward R. Murrow died two days after his 57th birthday. Among the honours he won were an Emmy in 1956 for best news commentary, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1964. In 1967, he was awarded a posthumous Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for his Edward R. Murrow--A Reporter Remembers, Vol. I The War Years.

80 years ago
1928

Politics

Administration leaders in the United States Senate, assisted by Democrats, defeated the Norris-Blaine proposal to amend the Naval Appropriation Bill by a rider that provided that "after Feb. 1, 1929, none of the appropriation made shall be used in Nicaragua to pay expenses incurred in connection with acts of hostility against that nation." The vote was 52-22.

Died on this date
Frank Lockhart, 25
. U.S. auto racer. Mr. Lockhart was a last-minute substitute driver for Peter Kreis in the 1926 Indianapolis 500; he started in 20th position, but ended up as the winner. He was almost two laps ahead of the field when the race was shortened by rain after 160 laps (400 miles). Mr. Lockhart won four more American Automobile Association races in 1926, and five more in 1927. He won the pole at the Indianapolis 500 that year, and led the first 81 laps ( a record that stood for 64 years), but his race ended after 107 laps when a connecting rod broke. On April 25, 1928, Mr. Lockhart was attempting to set a land speed record on the beach at Daytona Beach, Florida, when a tire was cut (probably on a sea shell), which sent his car, the Black Hawk Special, tumbling out of control. Mr. Lockhart was thrown from the car and killed instantly; his speed was below that which would have set the record. Frank Lockhart was inducted into the Motorsports Hall of Fame in 1999.

Floyd Bennett, 37. U.S. aviator. Mr. Bennett was Richard Byrd’s pilot when Admiral Byrd attempted to reach the North Pole in 1926; Mr. Bennett received the Medal of Honor. Mr. Byrd was a leading candidate for the Orteig Prize in 1927, to be awarded for the first non-stop flight from the United States to France. He again chose Mr. Bennett as his pilot. Unfortunately, Mr. Bennett was seriously injured during a practice takeoff. While he was recuperating, and his plane was being repaired, Charles Lindbergh won the Orteig Prize for his flight in the Spirit of St. Louis.

On April 23, 1928, Mr. Bennett and Bernt Balchen flew a Ford monoplane from Detroit to Greenely Island, near Newfoundland, to take supplies to the crew of the German Junker Bremen, which had become stranded there on an attempt at a transatlantic flight from Dublin to New York. Mr. Bennett took ill during the flight and was flown back to Quebec City, where he died in hospital of pneumonia which he had contracted as a result of his injuries in that 1927 crash. Charles Lindbergh made an emergency flight to Quebec with medicine in a desperate attempt to save Mr. Bennett’s life, but Col. Lindbergh arrived too late. Admiral Byrd was devastated by the loss, and blamed himself for Mr. Bennett’s death. He named the plane that he used on his South Pole flight in 1929 the Floyd Bennett. New York City’s first municipal airport was named Floyd Bennett Field.

Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel, 49. Russian military officer. Baron Wrangel was an officer in the Imperial Russian army and served in the White Russian army as a major general after the Bolshevik revolution. He became commanding general of the entire Volunteer Army in December 1919. In 1920, facing defeat on two fronts, Baron Wrangel arranged a mass evacuation on the shores of the Black Sea. he gave his soldiers the option of leaving with him or facing the wrath of the Red Army. Baron Wrangel and those with him left Russia on November 14, 1920. Baron Wrangel eventually settled in Brussels. Baron Wrangel took ill and died soon after his butler’s brother departed the household, leading some including Baron Wrangel’s family) to suspect that the butler’s brother, alleged to be a Soviet agent, had poisoned Baron Wrangel.

75 years ago
1933

Baseball

New York Yankees' rookie Russ Van Atta made a successful major league debut when he pitched a five-hit shutout against the Washington Nationals and collected four singles in four at-bats. Earle Combs added five hits as the Yankees won, 16-0 win.

60 years ago
1948

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes on MBS, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley
Tonight’s episode: The Return of the Jack of Diamonds

Baseball
Larry Doby of the Cleveland Indians tied a major league record by striking out five times in the Indians’ 7-4 victory over the Detroit Tigers at Tiger Stadium.

50 years ago
1958

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Whole Lotta Woman--Marvin Rainwater

40 years ago
1968

Hockey

In Stanley Cup playoff action, the Chicago Black Hawks averted elimination with a 2-1 win over the Montreal Canadiens at Chicago Stadium, cutting the Habs’ lead in their semi-final series to 3 games to 1. The Minnesota North Stars took a 2-1 lead in their semi-final with a 5-1 win over the St. Louis Blues at the St. Louis Arena.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the Cosmos 218, which was aloft for less than one earth orbit. The probe was probably a test of the Soviet Fractional Orbital Bombardment System for delivering bombs through space.

Academia
Columbia University president Grayson Kirk rejected the demands of student protesters for a complete amnesty for their violent behaviour of the previous two days, which included the ransacking of Dr. Kirk’s office.

Politics
President Lyndon Johnson named former Undersecretary of State George W. Ball to succeed Arthur Goldberg as the U.S.A.'s chief representative to the United Nations, when he announced Mr. Goldberg's resignation. The event was marked with a coolness in the exchanges between President Johnson and Mr. Goldberg. Mr. Goldberg reportedly wanted a bigger role in Vietnam policy.

30 years ago
1978

Abominations

Juanita Broadrick, in Little Rock, Arkansas to attend a nursing conference, was raped by Bill Clinton in her hotel room.

Law
A city ordinance in St. Paul, Minnesota prohibiting discrimination in housing, employment, and public accomodations on the basis of sexual or affectational preference was repealed in a referendum.

Hockey
In the national Hockey Night in Canada game, Bob Nystrom scored at 8:02 of overtime to give the New York Islanders a 2-1 win over the Toronto Maple Leafs at Nassau County Coliseum in Uniondale, New York, and a 3-2 lead in their Stanley Cup quarter-final series. George Ferguson scored for Toronto. The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Detroit Red Wings 4-2 at the Montreal Forum to win their quarter-final 4 games to 1. This game marked the end of the career of Dennis Hull after 14 years in the National Hockey League; he played his final season with Detroit after 13 years with the Chicago Black Hawks. In the other game, the Philadelphia Flyers beat the Buffalo Sabres 4-2 at the Spectrum in Philadelphia to eliminate the Sabres 4 games to 1 in their quarter-final series.

Baseball
The obnoxious mascot known as the Phillie Phanatic made his first appearance at Veterans Stadium.

Law
The United States Supreme Court ruled 6-2 to outlaw pension plans that had higher costs for women than for men. The court also ruled 5-4 that a Massachusetts law prohibiting corporations from financing campaigns relating to ballot issues not directly affecting their interests was unconstitutional.

Defense
Gen. Alexander Haig, North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s supreme allied commander, denied a New York Times story that he would resign over U.S. President Jimmy Carter’s decision to defer production of the "neutron bomb." The President, in a press conference, replied that the Soviet proposal of mutual renunciation of the "neutron bomb" had "no significance at all," since the Soviets had no need for a neutron bomb. The weapon was designed to offset superior Soviet tank forces in Europe.

World events
South African Prime Minister John Vorster announced that his government would accept a western plan for independence of Namibia (South-West Africa). South Africa would withdraw its troops as soon as the United Nations approved the plan, but not until there was a "complete cessation" of South-West African People’s Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla activities. The future of Walvis Bay, the only deep-water port in the territory, was left up to the future Namibian government and South Africa.

Business
Shareholders of Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada, the nation’s largest life insurance company, voted to move company headquarters from Montreal to Toronto. The presence in Quebec of the Parti Quebecois government and legislation making French the official language of Quebec were factors in the decision. The federal government reported that 23,000 people had emigrated from Quebec, mostly to Ontario, in the year ending May 31, 1977, up from 13,000 the year before.

25 years ago
1983

Journalism

The German magazine Stern published the first installment of the controversial "Hitler Diaries," said to be written by the Führer himself. The impending publication of the diaries had been announced three days earlier.

Diplomacy
Soviet leader Yuri Andropov invited 10-year-old American schoolgirl Samantha Smith to visit the U.S.S.R. as part of her effort to promote world peace.

Defense
France carried out a nuclear test at Muruora Island.

Politics and government
Partido Socialista, under the leadership of Mario Soares, won the national election in Portugal, but fell short of a majority.

Presidential elections in Sudan concluded with Gaafar Mohamed Nimeiri re-elected to a third six-year term.

Television
The American Broadcasting Company news program Nightline expanded from a half-hour to a full hour every weeknight.

Died on this date
Carlos Paula, 55
. Cuban-born U.S. baseball player. Mr. Paula, the Washington Nationals' first Negro player, played 157 games for them from 1954-1956, batting .271. 117 of those games were played in 1955, when he hit .299 with 6 home runs and 45 runs batted in. However, Mr. Paula, the Nationals' regular right fielder that year, made 10 errors, and had a fielding percentage of just .941, which may explain why he didn't have a longer career in the major leagues.

20 years ago
1988


Died on this date
Lanny Ross, 82
. U.S. singer, pianist and songwriter. Mr. Ross, whose career included radio, vaudeville, recordings, movies, and night clubs, became a major in the U.S. Army in World War II. He introduced the popular song Stay As Sweet As You Are in the 1934 movie College Rhythm, and had a hit when the song was subsequently released as a single. His composition Listen to My Heart was sung by Patricia Gilmore in the 1939 short film Tempo of Tomorrow. Mr. Ross also had a five-year run on the radio program Show Boat.

World events
A three-judge panel sentenced John Demjanjuk to death, a week after an Israeli court had found him guilty of war crimes against Jews at the Treblinka death camp in Poland during World War II. Mr. Demjanjuk, a United States citizen, had been extradited to Israel in 1986.

Labour
In Poland, workers struck at Bydgoszcz, and were awarded a big pay hike.

Politics and government
Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis won the Utah caucus in the contest for the 1988 Democratic party nomination for President of the United States.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Calgary 4 @ Edmonton 6 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-0)

10 years ago
1998

Scandal

Hillary Rodham Clinton was interrogated for five hours about her legal work related to the Whitewater savings and loan institution.

Crime
A student shot and killed a chaperoning science teacher and wounded another teacher and two students at a high school graduation dance in Edinboro, Pennsylvania.

Basketball
In National Basketball Association playoff action, the Indiana Pacers defeated the Cleveland Cavaliers 92-86.

Died on this date
Wright Morris, 88
. U.S. writer and photographer. Mr. Morris twice won the National Book Award, for The Field of Vision (1956) and Plains Song: For Female Voices (1980). His books The Inhabitants (1946) and The Home Place (1948) combined photographs and fiction in a genre which Mr. Morris called "photo-text." Mr. Morris’s 33 books didn’t sell well, making him a much-honoured but little-read writer.

Tuesday, 29 April 2008

April 24, 2008

1,150 years ago
858

Religion

Nicholas I succeeded Benedict III as Roman Catholic pope.

450 years ago
1558

World events

Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland married the French crown prince Francois.

175 years ago
1833

Technology

Jacob Evert and George Dulty patented the soda fountain.

120 years ago
1888

Business

Eastman Kodak was formed in Rochester, New York.

110 years ago
1898

War

Spain declared war on the United States, rejecting President William McKinley’s ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba. The U.S. fleet under commodore George Dewey sailed from Hong Kong to the Philippines.

100 years ago
1908

Adventure

Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Murdock and family, accompanied by a mechanic, become the first family to travel across U.S. by car, leaving Los Angeles in a Packard. They arrived in New York City on May 26 after 32 days, 5 hours, 25minutes.

80 years ago
1928

Scandal

Col. R.W. Stewart, chairman of the Standard Oil Company of Indiana, testifying in Washington before the Senate Teapot Dome Committee, said that he was given a fourth share--$769,500--of the bonds representing the profits of the Continental Trading Company of Canada, and that he turned them over to R.J. Barnet, as trustee for the Standard Oil Co. of Indiana, whose directors, after the April 21 acquittal of Harry Sinclair of conspiracy to defraud the government, accepted the bonds and gave them to its subsidiary, the Sinclair Crude Oil Purchasing Company. It had already been testified that the other fourth shares went to J.E. O’Neil; H.M. Blackmer, who gave his share to his own company; and to Harry Sinclair.

Aviation
Col. Charles Lindbergh, carrying pneumonia serum from the Rockefeller Institute, left Curtis Field, Long Island at 3:08 P.M. in an Army pursuit plane and reached Quebec City, Canada, 470 miles away, at 6:30 P.M. in an effort to save the life of aviator Floyd Bennett, who was in a hospital there.

Died on this date
Harry Berthrong, 84
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Berthrong, a utility player, played 17 games with the Washington Olympics of the National Association in 1871, batting .218.

75 years ago
1933

Baseball

New York Giants’ shortstop Dick Bartell became the first major league player to hit four consecutive doubles in a 9-inning game.

50 years ago
1958

Baseball

Outfielder Lee Walls hit 3 home runs to lead the visiting Chicago Cubs to a 15-2 rout of the Los Angeles Dodgers at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

40 years ago
1968

Protest

The occupation of Hamilton Hall, headquarters of Columbia College, continued from the previous day, with three officials being held hostage. Negro protesters ordered the other protesters out early in the day. The white rebels then marched to Low Library, where they took over and ransacked the office of Dr. Grayson Kirk, president of Columbia University. By this time the protest had gone beyond its original aims, and "Student Power" had become the battle cry. The spoiled brats demanded complete amnesty, asserting their right to participate in the "restructuring of the university." The hostages in Hamilton Hall were released later in the day, after 24 hours of confinement.

War
U.S. airplanes carried out 111 raids over North Vietnam.

World events
The U.S.S.R. performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk.

30 years ago
1978

Politics and government

A Gallup poll showed that U.S. President Jimmy Carter’s popularity had dropped to 39%, down 9% from the March Gallup poll. The decrease was generally attributed to his handling of the economy.

Scandal
Former Representative Richard D. Hanna (Democrat, California) was given a sentence of 6 to 30 months in prison for conspiring to defraud the United States government in the South Korean influence-buying scandal. Mr. Hanna, 63, was the first person sent to prison in the case.

Crime
The Supreme Court of the United States declined to review Patricia Hearst's 7-year sentence for bank robbery. Miss Hearst had been free on bail since November 19, 1976.

World events
The Palestinian guerrilla group Al-Fatah was reported to have ordered the arrest of 123 guerrillas who had entered Lebanon from Iraq to fight Lebanese and UNIFIL soldiers. The arrest order led to fighting within Al-Fatah, and three men were killed.

Baseball
Nolan Ryan of the California Angels struck out 15 batters for the 20th time in his career, but left in the ninth inning without a decision. The Seattle Mariners prevailed over the Angels 6-5 in 12 innings at Anaheim Stadium.

Died on this date
Hunk Anderson, 79
. U.S. football player. Called by Knute Rockne as "the greatest lineman he ever coached," Heartley "Hunk" Anderson was a four-year starter at Notre Dame from 1918-1921. Mr. Anderson was a member of undefeated teams in 1919 and 1920. The Irish won 20 consecutive games before being upset by Iowa in 1921. As a senior, Mr. Anderson gained first-team All-America status. Against Purdue he blocked two punts and recovered them in the end zone, marking the first time in history a guard had scored two touchdowns in a game. (The feat was matched in 1942 when Alex Agase, a guard for Illinois, scored twice against Minnesota.) During Mr. Anderson’s four varsity seasons, Notre Dame posted a 31-2-2 record. After a four-year career with the Chicago Bears, "Hunk" returned to Notre Dame as a line coach under Mr. Rockne and later head coach upon Mr. Rockne's death in 1931. In three seasons as head coach Mr. Anderson's teams had a 16-9-2 record. Grantland Rice wrote that "pound for pound Anderson was the toughest man I have ever known."

25 years ago
1983


World events
Federal Bureau of Investigation Director William Webster said that there were about 1,000 Russians and eastern Europeans in the United States who were engaged in the pursuit of classified information, primarily related to military secrets and high technology.

Politics and government
The Socialist party of Austria lost its absolute majority in the general election, and Bruno Kreisky resigned as Chancellor. A coalition with the Austrian Freedom Party resulted, and Fred Sinowatz took office as Chancellor on May 24.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Chicago 4 @ Edmonton 8 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 1-0)

20 years ago
1988

Politics and government

In the first round of runoffs in the French presidential election, socialist candidate and President Francois Mitterand took 34% of the vote; conservative leader Jacques Chirac got 20%; independent Leon Barre polled 17%, and National Front leader Jean-Marie Le Pen got 14%. The Communist candidate received 7% of the vote.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Boston 2 Montreal 0
Washington 4 New Jersey 1

10 years ago
1998

World events

Tens of thousands watched in Kigali, Rwanda as police shot 22 prisoners who had been convicted of genocide-related crimes. The Rwandan government had rejected international appeals for a stay of the executions.

Politics
The State Duma of Russia voted 251-25 to confirm Sergei Kiriyenko, 35, an appointee of President Boris Yeltsin, as Prime Minister.

Baseball
Los Angeles Dodgers catcher Mike Piazza tied a major league record by hitting his third grand slam of the month. The blast highlights a nine-run second inning which led Los Angeles to a 12-4 victory over the visiting Chicago Cubs.

At Candlestick Park in San Francisco, Geoff Jenkins hit a home run off Orel Hershiser to become the first Milwaukee Brewers player to hit a home run in his major league debut. The Brewers defeated the Giants 7-5. Jenkins joined Chuck Tanner, who accomplished the feat in 1955 as a member of the Milwaukee Braves, as the only players in Milwaukee baseball history to homer in their first game.

Monday, 28 April 2008

April 23, 2008

660 years ago
1348

Britannica

The Order of the Garter, the first English order of knighthood, was founded.

375 years ago
1633

World events

Sweden and the Protestant German monarchy formed the Union of Heilbronn.

125 years ago
1883

Politics and government

Jan Heemskerk Abrahamzoon, Conservative party leader, took office as Prime Minister of the Netherlands.

120 years ago
1888

Politics and government

Aeneas Mackay, leader of the Anti-Revolutionaire Partij, took office as Prime Minister of the Netherlands, replacing Jan Heemskerk Abrahamzoon.

100 years ago
1908

World events

Denmark, Germany, England, France, Netherlands and Sweden signed the North Sea accord.

90 years ago
1918

War

The Dover Patrol overthrew a German U-boat in the East Sea. The Battle of Zeebrugge ended with the British Royal Navy putting the German U-Boat base out of action.

Politics and government
The American civil rights organization known as the National Urban League was founded, with Eugene K. Jones as Executive Secretary.

80 years ago
1928

World events

The Venezuelan government closed the National Military School at Caracas because of student riots.

Adventure
Miss Eleonora Sears, society sportswoman, walked from Newport, Rhode Island to Boston, Massachusetts, a distance of 74 miles, in 17 hours.

Japanese traveller Ryvkichi Matsui arrived in Moscow, 17 days after leaving Tokyo on his way westward to circle the globe. His friend Toicho Araki had left Tokyo the same day, heading eastward around the world.

Aviation
A Ford monoplane sent by the New York World and North American Newspaper Alliance took supplies from Detroit to Greenely Island, near Newfoundland, where the German Junker Bremen had been stranded for 10 days since landing there on an attempted translatlantic flight from Dublin to New York. Aboard the relief plane were Floyd Bennett and Bernt Balchen. Mr. Bennett, who had been seriously injured in a crash the previous year, took ill with pneumonia, and was flown to Quebec City, where he was hospitalized.

70 years ago
1938

World events

Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demanded self-government.

60 years ago
1948

Television

KSTP-TV channel 5 in St. Paul-Minneapolis, Minnesota (ABC) made its first broadcasts.

50 years ago
1958

Baseball

At the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Dodgers first baseman Gil Hodges hit his 300th career home run and shortstop Pee Wee Reese played in his 2000th game in a 7-6 loss to the Cubs.
Meanwhile, at Seals Stadium in San Francisco, shortstop Daryl Spencer hit a grand slam home run into a strong wind with two out in the 9th inning to give the Giants an 8-7 win over the St. Louis Cardinals. The Cardinals had erupted for five runs off Ruben Gomez in the first inning, and were leading 6-2 before the Giants rallied for two runs in the 8th. Stan Musial then doubled in a run in the top of the 9th inning to give the Cardinals a 7-4 lead. On deck for the Giants when Spencer hit his home run was Nick Testa, who had entered the game as a pinch runner for Ray Jablonski in the bottom of the 8th and had gone in to catch in the top of the 9th (and had made an error when he muffed a wind-blown foul pop fly). For Mr. Testa, it turned out to be his only major league appearance (in striking contrast to Pee Wee Reese); he retired as a player several days later, remaining with the Giants as a coach for the rest of the season. Mr. Testa’s story is told in the 1998 book Once Around the Bases by Richard Tellis. Giant’s manager Bill Rigney used 24 of the 25 players on his roster in this game.

40 years ago
1968

Academia

A student protest at Columbia University in New York that grew into two weeks of upheaval and violence began when 150 students, led by Mark Rudd, president of the campus chapter of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), met at noon to protest the proposed construction of a gymnasium in neighbouring Morningside Park (which was also opposed by Negroes in nearby Harlem), as well as to protest Columbia’s ties with the Institute of Defense Analyses (IDA). The protest group included members of the Students’ Afro-American Society and some residents of Harlem. After the initial meeting, the protesters invaded Hamilton Hall, headquarters of Columbia College, and held three officials hostage for 24 hours.

War
U.S. airplanes carried out 155 raids over North Vietnam.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, who had taken office just three days earlier, obtained a dissolution of Parliament from Governor General Roland Michener and called a federal election for June 25.

In the contests for the U.S. presidential nominations, Minnesota Senator Eugene McCarthy, the only candidate on the ballot, received 76 ½% of the vote in the Pennsylvania primary. Former vice-president Richard Nixon took 76.3% of the vote as a write-in candidate in the Republican primary.

Economics and finance
The first decimal coins were issued in Britain in preparation for replacing the current system of pounds, shillings and pence by 1971. The five new pence and ten new pence coins operated alongside the shilling and the florin, and had the same value. They were also the same size and weight. The coins caused initial confusion to shoppers, many of whom refused to take them.
There was further misunderstanding over the value of a penny. Many thought the five new penny coin was worth five old pence, when it was in fact worth a shilling, or 12 old pence.

Religion
The United Methodist Church was created when The Evangelical United Brethren Church (represented by Bishop Reuben H. Mueller) and The Methodist Church (represented by Bishop Lloyd C. Wicke) joined hands at the constituting General Conference in Dallas, Texas. Before the year was out, the notorious Oral Roberts had become a UMC pastor. The denomination is largely apostate, although some Bible-believing pastors can still be found.

Journalism
The Edmonton Journal began publishing Astronomical Notebook, a daily feature produced by the Queen Elizabeth Planetarium in Edmonton that appeared on page 2 with the weather. The feature was published through March 21, 1970.

Hockey
Yvan Cournoyer scored two goals to lead the Montreal Canadiens to a 4-2 victory at Chicago Stadium, and a 3 games to 0 lead in their Stanley Cup semi-final series.

Baseball
The Chicago Cubs acquired outfielder Jim Hickman and relief pitcher Phil Regan from the Los Angeles Dodgers in exchange for outfielder Ted Savage and starting pitcher Jim Ellis. Mr. Regan went on to lead the National League with 25 saves in 1968.

Theatre
I'm Solomon opened at the Mark Hellinger Theater in New York City.

Disasters
Tornadoes along a 125-mile stretch of the Ohio River killed 11 and injured 200 in Ohio and Kentucky.

11 were killed and 24 injured when a bus plunged into a ravine at Recife, Brazil.

30 years ago
1978

Hockey

In the national Hockey Night in Canada game, the Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the New York Islanders 3-1 at Maple Leaf Gardens to even their Stanley Cup quarter-final series at 2 games each. The game was marred by an injury to Maple Leafs’ star defenseman Borje Salming, who was hit in the eye by an errant stick, and was lost for the rest of the playoffs. In an afternoon game, the Montreal Canadiens took a 3-1 series lead over the Detroit Red Wings with an easy 8-0 win. It turned out to be the last Stanley Cup game ever played at Detroit’s Olympia Stadium.

Baseball
Joe Morgan of the Cincinnati Reds made an error at second base, bringing his major league record of 91 consecutive errorless games to an end. He had begun the streak on July 6, 1977.

World events
The U.S.S.R. performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk.

In London, U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance briefed the West German, British, French, and Canadian foreign ministers on the results of the SALT talks with the Soviets which had concluded in Moscow the day before. Mr. Vance was reported to have told the ministers that a clause had been added to the draft treaty on strategic arms limitations barring U.S. or U.S.S.R. circumvention of the treaty, but that disagreement remained on two other issues. The United States had been unsuccessful in getting specific written limitations on the Soviet Backfire bomber nor a clause limiting the modernization of existing missiles. Mr. Vance refused to publicly reveal the content of the Moscow talks, saying that Soviet officials had insisted on secrecy in the negotiations.

For the second consecutive day, Pope Paul VI begged the kidnappers of Aldo Moro to release the former Italian Prime Minister, who had been held hostage since March 16.

Passengers on a Korean Air Lines jet that been forced down when it had flown into Soviet territory near the Arctic Circle three days earlier were flown to Helsinki, Finland by a Pan American Airways rescue plane.

Crime
The Rubens painting The Three Graces and nine other Flemish works which had been stolen from the Pitti Palace in Florence, Italy two days earlier were recovered undamaged by police. Whether that means the police recovered them in an undamaged state or whether they were recovered without being damaged by the police, I’m not sure.

25 years ago
1983


Died on this date
Buster Crabbe, 76
. U.S. swimmer and actor. Mr. Crabbe, a graduate of the University of Southern California, won a bronze medal in the 1,500 metre freestyle swimming event in the 1928 Olympic games at Amsterdam, and followed that with a gold medal in the 400 metre freestyle in the 1932 Olympics at Los Angeles. By that time he’d already made several movie appearances, beginning with Good News in 1930. He appeared in many western and adventure movies, but is best known as the star of the Flash Gordon (1936) and Buck Rogers (1939) serials. Mr. Crabbe also starred in the television series Captain Gallant of the Foreign Legion (filmed in Morocco) from 1955-1957. In 1971, at the age of 64, Mr. Crabbe set a record time for swimmers over 60 in the 400 metre freestyle. He made his last movie appearance in The Comeback Trail in 1982.

Academia
Grant MacEwan Community College held its graduation ceremony at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. This blogger, who attended GMCC in 1981-82, was on hand to congratulate some of his former classmates.

20 years ago
1988


Aviation
A Greek man pedalled a self-powered aircraft 74 miles.

Health
The United States instituted a federal ban on smoking during domestic airline flights of 2 hours or less.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Calgary 2 @ Edmonton 4 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-0)

10 years ago
1998

Died on this date
Constantine Karamanlis, 91
. Greek politician. Mr. Karamanlis was first elected to parliament in the Greek election of 1936. He became Minister of Employment in 1947, and then Minister of Public Works. Mr. Karamanlis became Prime Minister for the first time on October 6, 1955, serving until June 17, 1963. He led his National Radical Union (formerly Greek Rally) to successive electoral victories in 1955, 1958, and 1961. Unfortunately, he made the disastrous move of implementing full voting rights for women in 1955. He also pushed for Greek membership in the European Economic Community. As a result of Mr. Karamanlis’s lobbying, Greece became an associate member of the EEC on July 9, 1961.

Tensions between the government and the monarch increased in the early 1960s, and Mr. Karamanlis left the country after his party’s defeat in the 1963 election. Political turmoil and a subsequent military coup occupied Greek affairs until 1974, when democracy was restored. Mr. Karamanlis returned to Greece as leader of a party called New Democracy, and served as Prime Minister again from July 24, 1974-May 10, 1980. Mr. Karamanlis’s government undertook numerous nationalizations in several sectors, including banking and transportation. Karamanlis's policies of economic statism were described by many as socialmania.

Mr. Karamanlis resigned as Prime Minister, and became President of the Third Hellenic Republic (Greece had dumped the monarchy as a result of a 1974 plebiscite), in which office he served from 1980-1985 and again from 1990-1995.

James Earl Ray, 70. U.S. criminal. Mr. Ray, a career criminal, was convicted (and sentenced to 99 years) for the April 4, 1968 assassination Martin Luther King, Jr. Mr. Ray was captured in England after an intense manhunt; he had been able to obtain a Canadian passport under the name Eric Starvo Galt (thus proving how easy it was, and is, to get a Canadian passport). Three days after pleading guilty, Mr. Ray recanted his confession, and protested his innocence while making a number of failed escaped attempts. Mr. Ray’s claims that he was a fall guy for a larger conspiracy eventually received a boost from Mr. King’s family, who called for Mr. Ray to get a new trial. James Earl Ray is not to be confused with James Earl Jones or James Earl Wright.

Gregor von Rezzori, 83. Austrian writer and actor. Mr. Rezzori was known for novels such as Oedipus at Stalingrad (1954) and The Death of My Brother Abel (1976), as well as the story Memoirs of an Anti-Semite (1969), which brought him to the attention of English language readers. He appeared in several movies, including A Very Private Affair (1962); Viva Maria! (1965); and Man on Horseback (1969).

Sunday, 27 April 2008

April 22, 2008

110 years ago
1898

War

USS Nashville took an enemy ship in the first action of the Spanish-American war. U.S. President William McKinley ordered a blockade of Cuban harbours, while Congress passed the Volunteer Army Act, which called for a volunteer cavalry.

Baseball
Ted Breitenstein of the Cincinnati Reds and Jay Hughes of the Baltimore Orioles each pitched no-hit ball games--Breitenstein against the Pittsburgh Pirates, 11-0, and Hughes over the Boston Beaneaters, 8-0.

100 years ago
1908

Baseball

In the New York Giants' home opener, 25,000 fans at the Polo Grounds watched the Brooklyn Dodgers take a 2-1 lead into the ninth inning against Christy Mathewson. But in the bottom, with Fred Tenney on first base, Mike Donlin hit a home run to give the Giants a 3-2 win.

80 years ago
1928

Disasters

Earthquakes at and near Corinth, Greece killed 300, destroyed most buildings, and left 15,000 homeless.

60 years ago
1948

Television

WTVR TV channel 6 (CBS) in Richmond, Virginia began broadcasting.

40 years ago
1968

Hockey

NHL
Stanley Cup
Parker MacDonald scored 3:41 into overtime to give the Minnesota North Stars a 3-2 win over the St. Louis Blues at the Met Center in Bloomington, Minnesota to even their semi-final playoff series at 1 game each.

30 years ago
1978

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Matchstalk Men and Matchstalk Cats and Dogs (Lowry's Song)--Brian and Michael (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Night Fever--Bee Gees (6th week at #1)

World events
The government of South Korea praised the decision of U.S. President Jimmy Carter to slow down the withdrawal of American troops from South Korea. The Soviet Union criticized President Carter’s decision, demanding the total withdrawal of American forces from Korea.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance concluded three days of talks with U.S.S.R. leaders in Moscow. After meeting with Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev and Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, Mr. Vance reported "some progress" in Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Philadelphia 1 @ Buffalo 4 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Bowling
Earl Anthony won the Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions.

Died on this date
Will Geer, 76
. U.S. actor. Mr. Geer obtained a Master’s degree in botany from Columbia University, and developed the hobby of raising all the plants mentioned in the works of William Shakespeare. His desire to act got the better of him, and he made his movie debut in Misleading Lady in 1932. Mr. Geer had small roles in movies, many of them westerns, into the 1970s. The movies that he appeared in included Union Pacific (1939); Winchester ‘73 (1950); Broken Arrow (1950); Advise and Consent (1962); Seconds (1966); and The Reivers (1969).

Perhaps the most remarkable movie that Mr. Geer was involved with was Salt of the Earth (1954), the only film in Hollywood history to be blacklisted. Many of the people involved in the making of the movie had been subjected to the anti-Communist Hollywood blacklist in the early 1950s. Mr. Geer had toured work camps in the 1930s, singing with Woody Guthrie and Burl Ives; he was blacklisted in 1951 after refusing to testify before the House Committee on Un-American Activities. During this period, Mr. Geer established the Theatrical Botanicum in Topanga Canyon, California, an acting and singing haven for his blacklisted friends.

Mr. Geer had a lengthy career as a stage actor, making his Broadway debut as Pistol in The Merry Wives of Windsor in 1928. In 1937 he was cast as Slim in Of Mice and Men when the author, John Steinbeck, saw Mr. Geer arriving for his audition wearing blue jeans; Mr. Steinbeck chose him on the spot. In 1938 Mr. Geer appeared in the Broadway production of The Cradle Will Rock, the notorious Mercury Theatre play which had originally appeared off-Broadway the year before, directed by Orson Welles. Mr. Geer was nominated for a Tony award in 1964 as Best Featured Actor in a Musical for his role in 110 In The Shade, a musical version of the 1956 film The Rainmaker. His last Broadway appearance was in Scratch, which ran for only a few days in May 1971.

Mr. Geer’s first television appearance took place in an episode of the Chevrolet Tele-Theatre in 1948, but it wasn’t until the mid-’60s that he began making frequent TV appearances. In 1972 he landed the role that made him famous when he was cast as Zebulon Walton, the grandfather in the CBS series The Waltons. He was still playing this role at the time of his death.

25 years ago
1983


Died on this date
Earl "Fatha" Hines, 79. U.S. jazz pianist. Mr. Hines was one of the giants in the history of jazz; Count Basie called him "the greatest piano player in the world." "Fatha" began to play piano in the area around Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as a teenager; he made his first recordings in 1923, and in 1925 settled in Chicago, where he met Louis Armstrong. They played together in Carroll Dickerson’s band, which by 1927 had become Mr. Armstrong’s band, under the direction of Mr. Hines. The band soon became known as the Hot Five; their most famous recording was Weatherbird, a duet between Mr. Armstrong and Mr. Hines.

In 1928 (on his 25th birthday) Earl Hines began leading his own band; for more than 10 years Mr. Hines’ band was "The Band" at Al Capone’s Grand Terrace Cafe. From the Grand Terrace, Mr. Hines’ band broadcast on "open mikes," and became the most widely broadcast band in America. Mr. Hines continued to record, and led his band until it broke up in 1947. Mr. Hines rejoined Louis Armstrong’s band in 1949, but left in 1951. "Fatha’s" popularity gradually declined through the 1950s, and he retired in the early 1960s.

Mr. Hines was rediscovered as an artist in 1964 after a series of recitals in New York, leading to a busy recording and performing schedule that occupied the rest of his life. In 1966 he topped Downbeat magazine’s international critics’ poll for the magazine’s Hall of Fame, and was also chosen as Downbeat’s "#1 Jazz Pianist" (an honour he went on to win five more times). During a 6-week U.S. State Department-sponsored tour of the U.S.S.R. in 1968, Mr. Hines played to sellout crowds at the Kiev Sports Palace; Soviet authorities subsequently cancelled his Moscow and Leningrad appearances on the grounds of being "culturally dangerous." Earl Hines gave his last performance in Oakland just a few days before his death.

Journalism
The West German magazine Stern announced that it had obtained 60 volumes of diaries written by Adolf Hitler between 1932 and 1945. It was said that the diaries had been flown out of Berlin in the last days of World War II, and that the plane had crashed near Bornersdorf, in present East Germany. The diaries had reportedly been recovered from the crash and come into the hands of a Stern reporter, who bought them with up to $4 million U.S. of the magazine’s money. Stern began publishing the diaries, which consisted mostly of banalities, even while historians argued over their authenticity.

Politics and government
The Italian Socialist Party decided to withdraw from the nation's ruling coalition.

World events
Great Britain performed a nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
New York Islanders 5 @ New York Rangers 2 (Islanders won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Bostonn 3 @ Buffalo 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

20 years ago
1988


Died on this date
Irene Rich, 96
. U.S. actress. Miss Rich was a leading lady in movies in the 1920s and ‘30s; her forte was "women’s pictures," usually tearjerkers. Her films included Beau Brummel (1924); Lady Windermere’s Fan (1925); So This is London (1930); Manhattan Tower (1932); The Mortal Storm (1940); Fort Apache (1948); and her last picture, Joan of Arc (1948). Miss Rich achieved success on radio as star of Dear John (a.k.a. The Irene Rich Show), an anthology series that began in 1933 and lasted for more than a decade. Her leading man was Gale Gordon. Miss Rich made one television appearance, in an episode of the Chevrolet Tele-Theatre in 1949.

Personal
It was the last day of the winter term at the University of Western Ontario’s School of Library and Information Science, and for some of us (including this blogger), their last day of classes after 42 weeks--a very enjoyable day indeed. Lunch at J.J. McGinnis’ with Beth Stover and JoAnn Wong added to the occasion. Festivities continued that evening at the Elephant & Castle in downtown London.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
New Jersey Devils' Patrik Sundstrom tied the NHL playoff record of 8 points in a playoff game (3 goals and 5 assists) in 10-4 rout over the Washington Capitals.

10 years ago
1998


World events
The Irish parliament gave nearly unanimous approval to the peace accord for Northern Ireland reached by Protestants and Roman Catholics.

The United States banned arms exports to Britain and revoked all pending licenses in a first step to halt sales of weapons to all 15 nations of the European Union.

Baseball
Chicago White Sox second baseman Ray Durham tied a major league record by reaching base on an error three times in Chicago's 14-7 victory over the Cleveland Indians. Durham added three hits with four runs and two runs batted in. Durham was also involved in two other plays in which he advanced on errors: He stole second base and went to third base on a throwing error, and tripled and scored on another error.

Saturday, 26 April 2008

April 21, 2008

110 years ago
1898

Baseball

At Philadelphia’s then-new Baker Bowl, Philadelphia Phillies’ pitcher Bill Duggleby hit a grand slam in his first major league at bat. In 1968 Bobby Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hit a grand slam in his first game (in his third at bat) against the Dodgers, but Mr. Duggleby's feat wasn’t accomplished again until August 31, 2005, when Jeremy Hermida of the Florida Marlins homered with the bases full against the Cardinals. Mr. Duggleby finished his career with a total of 6 home runs.

80 years ago
1928

Scandal

In Washington, Harry F. Sinclair, head of the oil corporations bearing his name and co-defendant with former Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall in the criminal and civil court actions arising from the Teapot Dome oil lease scandal of 1923, was acquitted by a District of Columbia jury of conspiring with Mr. Fall to defraud the government. This was the second trial for Mr. Sinclair; the first ended in a mistrial because of allegations of jury shadowing. Mr. Sinclair and Mr. Fall were tried together in the original trial, but severance was granted for the second trial because of Mr. Fall’s illness.

Aviation
Captain George H. Wilkins and Lt. Carl B. Eielson, an Alaska mail flyer, landed in Spitzbergen, Norway in an airplane which they had flown "over the top of the world, south of the Pole from Point Barrow, Alaska," where they departed on April 15.

50 years ago
1958

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Twilight Time--The Platters (#1 on Billboard Best Seller, Disc Jockey, and Top 100 charts)

Baseball
Frank House of the Kansas City Athletics scored two runs as a pinch hitter in an eight-run 8th inning, as the Athletics beat the Cleveland Indians 9-4. House's feat was just the sixth such occurrence in major league history.

40 years ago
1968

War

One American and at least three North Koreans were killed when a U.S. 2nd Infantry Division patrol was attacked by North Korean troops inside the Demilitarized Zone. Three Americans were wounded in the attack.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Molniya 1-H, eighth satellite in their Orbita network for domestic communications.


Hockey
The St. Louis Blues opened their Stanley Cup semi-final playoff series with a 5-3 win over the Minnesota North Stars at the St. Louis Arena.

30 years ago
1978

Hockey

In the national Hockey Night in Canada game, the Montreal Canadiens rallied from a 2-1 deficit to defeat the Detroit Red Wings 4-2 at Detroit’s Olympia Stadium to take a 2 games to 1 lead in their Stanley Cup quarter-final series. At Maple Leaf Gardens, the Toronto Maple Leafs, behind the goaltending of Mike Palmateer, blanked the New York Islanders 2-0 to cut the Islanders’ lead in their series to 2-1. At Chicago Stadium, Peter McNab scored 10:17 into overtime to give the Boston Bruins a 4-3 win over the Chicago Black Hawks and a 3-0 lead in their quarter-final series.

War
U.S. president Jimmy Carter announced that only 800 troops and 2,600 support personnel would be withdrawn from South Korea in 1978. In 1977 President Carter had said that about 32,000 troops would leave over a 4- to 5-year period. The reason for the slowdown was Congressional inaction on Mr. Carter’s proposed transfer of $800 million in military equipment and $275 million in arms credits to the South Korean government.

Crime
Thieves stole the Rubens painting The Three Graces and nine other Flemish works from Pitti Palace in Florence, Italy.

Music
American jazz trumpeter Don Ellis's last known public performance took place at the Westside Room in Century City, California. He died on December 17, 1978 of a heart attack at age 44.

Died on this date
Sandy Denny, 31
. U.K. singer-songwriter. Miss Denny was regarded as Britain’s pre-eminent folk rock singer in the 1960s and 1970s, as a solo performer, and, especially, as a member of the group Fairport Convention. Miss Denny was also, at various times, a member of The Strawbs, Fotheringay, and The Bunch. In both 1971 and 1972 she was voted "Best Female Singer" by Melody Maker magazine. Unfortunately, by the mid-’70s, heavy smoking and drinking had taken their toll on both her voice and her life. In March 1978, while on a vacation with her parents, Miss Denny fell down a flight of stairs at a cottage. A month later, she collapsed at a friend’s home, and died of a brain hemorrhage.

Thomas Wyatt Turner, 101. U.S. biologist, botanist, and civil rights activist. Dr. Turner taught biology at Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, and later taught at various public schools in Baltimore, Maryland before becoming a professor of botany at Howard University from 1914 to 1924. He was frequently consulted by the United States government about agricultural problems, especially plant diseases. Dr. Turner was a founding member, in 1909, of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). In 1925 he founded Federated Colored Catholics.

25 years ago
1983


Died on this date
Walter Slezak, 80
. Austria-Hungary-born U.S. actor. Mr. Slezak, a native of Vienna, appeared in silent films in Germany, beginning with Sodom und Gomorrha in 1922. He made his first Broadway appearance at the end of 1930 in Meet My Sister, and eventually settled in the United States, although he didn’t appear in a Hollywood movie until Once Upon a Honeymoon in 1942. He was memorable as a resourceful Nazi in Alfred Hitchcock’s Lifeboat (1944), but became a more familiar presence on screen (usually as a villain) in comedies such as The Princess and the Pirate (1944); The Inspector General (1949); Abbott and Costello in the Foreign Legion (1950); and Bedtime for Bonzo (1951). A return to Broadway brought him a Tony award in 1955 as Best Actor (Musical) for Fanny. Mr. Slezak’s last Broadway appearance took place in The Gazebo, which ran from December 1958 to June 1959. Mr. Slezak made many appearances in television shows, starting with Suspense in 1950-1951, where he appeared in five episodes. In 1966 he played Clock King in a two-part episode of Batman; his last appearance came in a two-part episode of The Love Boat in 1980. By 1983 he was suffering from several illnesses; he shot himself in the back yard of his home in Flower Hill, New York.

World events
The Federal Bureau of Investigation announced that the United States was expelling three Soviet diplomats for espionage.

Defense
Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, testifying before the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee, endorsed the proposals of a commission appointed by President Ronald Reagan which recommended building and deploying MX missiles in silos in Nebraska and Wyoming.

Politics and government
John Glenn, former astronaut and current United States Senator from Ohio, announced from his hometown of New Concord his candidacy for the 1984 Democratic party nomination for President of the United States. Meanwhile, the Democrats chose San Francisco as the site of their convention, to be held in July 1984.

20 years ago
1988


Died on this date
I.A.L. Diamond, 67
. Romanian-born U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Diamond was best-known for his screenplays written with and for Billy Wilder from the late 1950s through 1981: Love in the Afternoon (1957); Some Like it Hot (1959); The Apartment (1960); One, Two, Three (1961); Irma La Douce (1963); Kiss Me, Stupid (1964); The Fortune Cookie (1966); The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (1970); Avanti! (1972); The Front Page (1974); Fedora (1978); and Buddy Buddy (1981). Some of these movies are regarded as classics; the screenplay for The Apartment won the Academy Award. However, Kiss Me, Stupid was a disaster that almost ended Mr. Wilder’s career, and Buddy Buddy was so bad that it did end the careers of both Mr. Wilder and Mr. Diamond. Other movies for which Mr. Diamond wrote screenplays included Murder in the Blue Room (1944); Monkey Business (1952); Merry Andrew (1958); and Cactus Flower (1969).

Politics and government
Al Gore, United States Senator from Tennessee, ended his active campaign for the 1988 Democratic party U.S. presidential nomination after taking just 10% of the vote in the New York primary two days earlier.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives voted 312-107 to approve a trade bill that would mandate tougher steps by the United States government to open up foreign markets and punish unfair trade practices by other countries. Some protection would be granted to industries injured by imports, and the windfall profits tax on oil would be repealed. President Ronald Reagan threatened to veto the bill because he objected to a provision requiring that workers receive 60 days’ notice of a plant closing or layoffs. Mr. Reagan argued that this would discourage the creation of jobs and the expansion of business.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Edmonton 5 @ Calgary 4 (OT) Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Jarri Kurri scored the winning goal at the Olympic Saddledome.

10 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Peter Lind Hayes, 82
. U.S. actor and songwriter. Mr. Hayes and his wife Mary Healy often appeared on television together, including such shows as The Peter Lind Hayes Show (1950-51) and Peter Loves Mary (1960-61). They were the original singers of the jingle See the U.S.A. in Your Chevrolet, in 1950. Mr. Hayes and Miss Healy also had major roles in the movie The 5,000 Fingers of Dr. T (1953), the only movie ever written by Dr. Seuss.

April 20, 2008

110 years ago
1898

War

United States President William McKinley asked Congress for a declaration of war against Spain.

100 years ago
1908

Died on this date
Henry Chadwick, 83
. English-born U.S. baseball historian. Chadwick was one of the prime movers in the rise of baseball to its unprecedented popularity at the turn of the 20th century. He began publishing Beadle’s Dime Base Ball Player, the first baseball guide, in 1860; it ran through 1881. Mr. Chadwick later took over editing the Spalding Guide. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Special Veterans Committee in 1938.

80 years ago
1928

Died on this date
E.E. Ries, 65
. U.S. scientist. Mr. Ries was the discoverer of alternating electric current. In 1913 he filed a patent application for recording sound on film, but the patent wasn’t granted until 1923.

75 years ago
1933

Baseball

Chicago White Sox outfielder Al Simmons made an unassisted double play against the St. Louis Browns.

At the Polo Grounds, umpire Charlie Pfirman officiated in his 1,700th consecutive National League game, as Carl Hubbell pitched the New York Giants to a 1-0 victory over Fred Frankhouse and the Boston Braves.

70 years ago
1938

Baseball

Bob Feller of the Cleveland Indians pitched the first of 12 career one-hitters, beating the St. Louis Browns 9-0.

50 years ago
1958


On the radio
The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 3, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBc Light Programme

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: Fatal Figures

Hockey
NHL
Boom Boom Geoffrion scored two goals to lead the Montreal Canadiens to a 5-3 win over the Boston Bruins at the Boston Garden and their third straight Stanley Cup. The Bruins, down 4-1, cut the Canadiens’ lead to 4-3 with four minutes left in regulation time, but Doug Harvey scored into an empty net in the last minute to clinch the victory for the Canadiens. Montreal won the finals 4 games to 2.

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Congratulations--Cliff Richard (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (2nd week at #1)

Abominations
Canada went under permanent foreign occupation when Pierre Trudeau officially took office as Prime Minister. His predecessor, Lester Pearson, wanted to leave office on April 22 in order to give him exactly five years as Prime Minister, but Mr. Trudeau, for reasons unknown (perhaps because it was Adolf Hitler’s birthday) insisted on moving the date up to April 20.

Politics and government
Former British cabinet minister Enoch Powell, addressing the West Midlands Area Conservative Political Centre in Birmingham, England, delivered his most famous speech, which was popularly misnamed Rivers of Blood, warning of the dangers of increased non-white immigration to Britain. The speech effectively ended Mr. Powell’s political career, but he proved to be prophetic. For the full text of Mr. Powell’s speech, go to .

Adventure
A U.S. Air Force plane, flying over Ralph Plaisted’s North Pole expeditionary party, confirmed that they were indeed at the pole. Mr. Plaisted and his associates became the first people to have their claim verified.

Hockey
NHL
The Montreal Canadiens took a 2-0 lead in their Stanley Cup semi-final series with a 4-1 win over the Chicago Black Hawks at the Montreal Forum. Black Hawks’ coach Billy Reay was penalized twice with bench minors--the first for delay of game, and the second for calling referee John Ashley a "homer."

Baseball
Detroit Tigers' pitcher Jon Warden, the last man to make the team in spring training, picked up his third win in as many relief appearances as Detroit beat the Chicago White Sox 4-1 in 10 innings at White Sox Park.

Disasters
A South African Airways Boeing 707 crashed on takeoff at Windhoek, South West Africa, killing 122; there were 6 survivors.

Died on this date
Rudolf Dirks, 91
. German-born U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Dirks created the comic strip The Katzenjammer Kids, which was first published in the December 12, 1897 issue of American Humorist, a Sunday supplement to the New York Journal, a newspaper owned by William Randolph Hearst. After a series of legal battles with the Hearst organization between 1912 and 1914 (Mr. Dirks wanted to take a break from the strip, but the Hearst organization tried to prevent him from doing so), Mr. Dirks left The Katzenjammer Kids to be done by others at the Hearst papers, while he came up with a virtually identical strip, originally called Hanz und Fritz, and from 1918 on The Captain and the Kids, for the rival Pulitzer newspapers. Mr. Dirks continued to sign his name to that strip (although, beginning in 1946, his son John gradually assumed more of the work) until his death.

30 years ago
1978

World events

A Korean Air Lines Boeing 707 passenger plane was force down when it strayed over Soviet territory near the Arctic Circle on a flight from Paris to Seoul. The jet, carrying 113 people, was forced to crash-land on a frozen lake when a Soviet jet fighter began firing at the plane. Two were killed and 13 injured in the landing.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance began three days of meetings with Soviet leaders in Moscow, mainly for the purpose of making progress in Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT).

Terrorism
The kidnappers of Aldo Moro released a photograph of the former Italian Prime Minister that showed that he was still alive. Mr. Moro's wife Eleonora appealed, in vain, to the government to negotiate his release.

25 years ago
1983


Weather
It was another hot and beautiful day in Edmonton. Those of us in university were able to be outside studying for exams. It was especially enjoyable if you were able to spend some of that time in the company of a lovely lady.

Politics and government
A United States Senate committee approved a bill providing more economic and military aid to Lebanon, as requested by President Ronald Reagan, but required that the president obtain congressional approval for any expanded U.S. military role in Lebanon.

Diplomacy
Talks on the withdrawal of foreign forces from Lebanon were continuing. It was reported that Israel had dropped demands for military outposts inside Lebanon, but was insisting on joint Israeli-Lebanese patrols. Israel also wanted a continued role for Major Saad Haddad, a pro-Israel commander disliked by Lebanese leaders.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
New York Islanders 7 New York Rangers 2
Calgary 1 @ Edmonton 9 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Baseball
George Brett belted three home runs, the last a two-run shot in the top of the ninth inning, and drove in seven runs to lead the Royals to an 8-7 victory over the Detroit Tigers at Tiger Stadium.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Allt som jag känner--Tone Norum and Tommy Nilsson (10th week at #1)

World events
The Washington Post reported that the 10-member inner cabinet of Israel had discussed in advance the assassination of Palestine Liberation Organization military leader Khalil al-Wazir, alias Abu Jihad, who had been gunned down on April 16.

Terrorism
Algerian officials negotiated the release of the more than 30 hostages remaining from a Kuwait Airways airliner that had been hijacked on April 5 and flown to Mashhad, Iran, and eventually to Algiers on April 13.

Scandal
U.S. President Ronald Reagan met with Deputy Attorney General Arnold Burns and William Weld, chief of the justice department's criminal division, both of whom had resigned in March in protest against the leadership of Attorney General Edwin Meese. It was reported that Mr. Weld had told President Reagan that he would have sought an indictment against Mr. Meese if he had been the independent counsel. Another blow came that day when John Shepherd withdrew as Mr. Burns's replacement. Mr. Shepherd's membership in two private clubs, one all-white and one all-male, had become an issue, and he had also been accused of improprieties, which he denied, by a former bookkeeper.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Boston 4 @ Montreal 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Baseball
Claudell Washington hit the 10,000th home run in New York Yankees history in a 7-6 victory over the Minnesota Twins at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis.

The Baltimore Orioles set a major league record by losing their 14th consecutive game to start the season. An 8-6 loss to the Milwaukee Brewers pushed the Orioles past the 1904 Washington Senators and the 1920 Detroit Tigers for the worst start in major league history.