Wednesday, 31 August 2016

August 31, 2016

140 years ago
1876


World events
Ottoman Sultan Murad V was deposed and succeeded by his brother Abdul Hamid II.

130 years ago
1886


Disasters
The 7.0 Mw Charleston earthquake struck southeastern South Carolina with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme). 60 people were killed, and damage was estimated at $5–6 million.

120 years ago
1896


At the movies
The first motion pictures to be shown in Toronto were screened at Robinson's Musee at 81 Yonge Street.

110 years ago
1906


Exploration
Roald Amundsen reached Alaska in his vessel Gjoa, the first ship to sail the Northwest Passage.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Daniel Schorr
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Schorr was a reporter with CBS radio and television from 1953-1976, and won three Emmy Awards. He was with CNN from 1979-1985 and then joined National Public Radio, with whom he worked until a couple of week before his death on July 23, 2010 at the age of 93.

Danny Litwhiler. U.S. baseball player and coach. Mr. Litwhiler was an outfielder with the Philadelphia Phillies (1940-1943); St. Louis Cardinals (1943-1946); Boston Braves (1946-1948); and Cincinnati Reds (1948-1951), batting .281 with 107 home runs and 451 runs batted in in 1,057 games. He was credited as the first player to sew the fingers of his glove together, which resulted in him playing the 1942 season without an error in 317 chances. Mr. Litwhiler was a member of the Cardinals' National League championship team in 1943 and their World Series championship team in 1944. He was better known for his years as a coach at Florida State University (1955-1963) and Michigan State University (1964-1982), where his achivements included technological innovations such as the use of a radar gun to measure pitching velocity and a method of drying fields after rain. Mr. Litwhiler died on September 23, 2011 at the age of 95.

80 years ago
1936


Radio
Radio Prague, now the official international broadcasting station of the Czech Republic, began broadcasting.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square--Vera Lynn; West End Players (4th month at #1)

War
Serbian paramilitary forces defeated German forces in the Battle of Loznica. Newspapers in London published reports from Stockholm that U.S.S.R.-Finland peace negotiations were under way.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a certificate under his unlimited emergency powers revoking a 1904 ban on shipping gasoline and fuel oil in foreign vessels, permitting British and Dutch tankers, operating from the Netherlands East Indies, to supply U.S. troops in the Philippines with vital lubricants.

Golf
Ben Hogan won the Hershey (Pennsylvania) Open with a 17-under-par score of 275.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe--Bing Crosby; Judy Garland (1st month at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

Journalism
The New Yorker devoted its entire August 31 issue to John Hersey's account of the nuclear destruction of Hiroshima, emphasizing "the terrible implications" of the atomic bomb.

War
The nine-month Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals ended after the 21 defendants made their final pleas. The judges announced that a verdict would be handed down on September 23.

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov left the Paris Peace Conference after being summoned to Moscow without explanation.

Defense
The United States Navy ended its demobilization program, reporting 3,070,581 discharges since V-J Day in 1945.

Chinese Premier T.V. Soong and U.S. Foreign Liquidation Commissioner Thomas McCabe announced the conclusion of a surplus property agreement which would give the Nationalist Chinese government more than $800 million in U.S. war goods.

Protest
The Greek government announced that 31 arrests had been made in two days of clashes between Communists and royalists.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate War Investigating Committee isued its annual report, recommending an industrial mobilization plan kept up to date with technological developments and a clear government production control system.

Football
WIFU
Saskatchewan (0-1) 0 @ Calgary (1-0) 9

The Roughriders' loss to the Stampeders at Mewata Stadium was their first game as the Saskatchewan Roughriders after having been known as the Regina Roughriders since their inception in 1910.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day (4th week at #1)

At the movies
Bus Stop, starring Marilyn Monroe and Don Murray, received its premiere screening in New York City.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department charged that the Communist Chinese downing of a U.S. Navy patrol plane was "unjustified," saying that the United States would demand damages for the incident.

Two British diplomats accused of espionage by the Egyptian government left Cairo under "strong" protest by the U.K. Foreign Office.

Economics and finance
Brazilian President Juscelino Kubitschek suspended the export of thorium and radium to the United States and denounced a Brazil-U.S. agreement for joint uranium prospecting on Brazilian territory.

Football
IRFU
Montreal (2-0) 42 @ Ottawa (1-1) 10

WIFU
British Columbia (2-2) 1 @ Winnipeg (2-1) 3

Tom Miner's field goal gave the Blue Bombers their win over the Lions at Winnipeg Stadium. The Lions had the ball inside the Winnipeg 10-yard line on one occasion, but passed up the opportunity to try a field goal, and a third-down pass was unsuccessful.

50 years ago
1966


Football
CFL
Montreal (3-2) 4 @ Winnipeg (4-2) 2

Peter Kempf, who had just missed a 21-yard field goal attempt, connected on a 25-yard field goal with 1:36 remaining in the game to give the Alouettes their win over the Blue Bombers before 20,510 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. The winning kick came after Winnipeg's Dick Wozney fumbled a punt on his own 25-yard line, and Montreal defensive end Billy James Doss, playing his first CFL game, recovered. Ed Ulmer punted twice for singles for the Blue Bombers. It was the final game of the Hall of Fame career of Montreal defensive end Kaye Vaughan, who had come out of a two-year retirement to play with the Alouettes in 1966 after a decade with the Ottawa Rough Riders.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Dancing Queen--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Lee and Lois Morrow!

Economics and finance
The Mexican government of President Jose Lopez Portillo floated the peso, which plummeted 40% in value. The action ended 22 years of parity with the U.S. dollar.

Track and field
Carallyn Bowes arrived in Burnaby, British Columbia after running the 6,180 kilometres from Halifax, Nova Scotia in 133 days. She became the first woman to run across Canada, and wore out 13 pairs of shoes.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (2-5) 1 @ Edmonton (5-2) 5

Dave Cutler kicked a field goal and 2 singles on wide field goal attempts (one of which appeared to be good) as the Eskimos beat the Tiger-Cats in a dull game before 25,461 fans at Clarke Stadium. Edmonton deensive back Joe Hollimon returned a punt 94 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter, but it was called back on a penalty.

25 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Henry Moore, 88
. U.K. sculptor and illustrator. Mr. Moore was best known for his large bronze semi-abstract sculptures which are exhibited in various cities throughout the world, including Toronto, as public works of art.

Urho Kekkonen, 85. Prime Minister of Finland, 1950-1953, 1954-1956; President of Finland, 1956-1982. Mr. Kekkonen was a member of the Agrarian League from 1933-1965 and the Centre Party from 1965-1982. He held various cabinet posts before serving as Prime Minister and then becoming the country's longest-serving President, where he continued his predecessor Juho Kusti Paasikivi's policy of "active neutrality," maintaining friendly relations with North Atlantic Treaty Orgnization countries as well as those of the Warsaw Pact.

Disasters
Aeroméxico Flight 498, a McDonnell-Douglas DC-9, collided with a Piper PA-28 Cherokee over Cerritos, California, killing 67 people in the air and 15 on the ground.

The Soviet passenger liner SS Admiral Nakhimov sank in the Black Sea after colliding with the bulk carrier Pyotr Vasev, killing 423.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (5-4) 30 @ Saskatchewan (4-5) 34

Ray Elgaard's second touchdown reception of the game, a 56-yard pass from Joe Paopao with 22 seconds remaining in regulation time, gave the Roughriders their win over the Blue Bombers before 25,274 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. The Roughriders scored 27 points in the 2nd half. Winnipeg quarterback Tom Clements suffered a shoulder separation and was lost for the rest of the season.

20 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Say Yes--Chage and Aska (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rapput (Senza Fiato)--Claudio Bisio; Rocco Tanica

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--La Zoubida--Lagaf' (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)
2 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
3 The Promise of a New Day--Paula Abdul
4 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
5 Temptation--Corina
6 It Ain't Over 'Til It's Over--Lenny Kravitz
7 Time, Love and Tenderness--Michael Bolton
8 Crazy--Seal
9 Wind of Change--Scorpions
10 Things that Make You Go Hmmm...--C+C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams

Singles entering the chart were Emotions by Mariah Carey (#36); My Blue Angel by Michael Learns to Rock (#82); For You by Michael W. Smith (#87); Just Ask Me To by Tevin Campbell (#88); and Straight to Your Heart by Bad English (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)
2 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
3 The Motown Song--Rod Stewart (with the Temptations)
4 It Ain't Over 'Til It's Over--Lenny Kravitz
5 Something to Talk About--Bonnie Raitt
6 Learning to Fly--Tom Petty
7 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
8 Superman's Song--Crash Test Dummies
9 Hole Hearted--Extreme
10 Time, Love and Tenderness--Michael Bolton

Singles entering the chart were Real, Real, Real by Jesus Jones (#57); Slowly Slipping Away by Harem Scarem (#71); Just Another Day by Keven Jordan (#72); Faithlessly Yours by Art Bergmann (#84); Standing Push and Fall by World on Edge (#86); The Ghosts that Haunt Me by Crash Test Dummies (#93); Nothing Can Be Done by Joni Mitchell with David Baerwald (#94); Stranger than Fiction by Joe Jackson (#95); and You Come to My Senses by Chicago (#98).

Died on this date
Cliff Lumsdon, 60
. Canadian swimmer. Mr. Lumsdon was a marathon swimmer from the late 1940s until his retirement in 1965. He won the 15-mile world marathon championship at the Canadian National Exhibition in Toronto in 1949, and was awarded the Lou Marsh Trophy as Canada's outstanding athlete of 1949. Mr. Lumsdon was inducted into the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in 1976.

Asiatica
Kyrgyzstan declared its independence from the Soviet Union.

Defense
The United Nations awarded UN service medals to 226 Canadian peacekeepers for their work in Yugoslavia with the Bosnian Serbs.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Macarena--Los Del Rio

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Dancin' at the Crossroads--The Wild Swans

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Wannabe--Spice Girls (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio (5th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio (2nd week at #1)
2 I Love You Always Forever--Donna Lewis
3 Loungin--LL Cool J
4 Twisted--Keith Sweat
5 C'mon n' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ’s
6 Change the World--Eric Clapton
7 Who Will Save Your Soul--Jewel
8 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
9 I Can't Sleep (If I)--R. Kelly
10 Jealousy--Natalie Merchant

Singles entering the chart were Ascension (Don’t Ever Wonder) by Maxwell (#53); Missing You by Brandy, Tamia, Gladys Knight & Chaka Khan (#58); Gettin' It by Too Short featuring Parliament Funkadelic (#67); and Nowhere to Go by Melissa Etheridge (#82).

Music
The Edmonton Symphony Orchestra's Symphony Under the Sky series continued at Hawrelak Park. This blogger was in attendance with enjoyable female company. The performances included a recital by Canadian soprano Tracy Dahl.

War
Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein's troops seized Irbil after the Kurdish Masoud Barzani appealed for help to defeat his Kurdish rival PUK.

Terrorism
Marxist rebels in Colombia concluded two days of attacks against military bases and police stations throughout the country, killing 100 people and taking at least 60 hostages. The attacks were believed to be in support of local coca growers, suppliers for the cocaine trade.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Derrick Wayne Frazier, 29
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Frazier, who claimed his innocence to the end, was executed by lethal injection at Texas State Penitentiary in Huntsville for the 1997 murder of Betsy Nutt, 41, and her 15-year-old son. Mr. Frazier's co-defendant Jermaine Herron, was executed on May 17, 2006.

Art
Edvard Munch's painting The Scream, stolen on August 22, 2004, was recovered in a raid by Norwegian police.

Energy
Iran defied a United Nations deadline to stop enriching uranium.

Tuesday, 30 August 2016

August 30, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Michelle Kent!

225 years ago
1791


Disasters
The British Royal Navy frigate HMS Pandora sank after having run aground on the outer Great Barrier Reef the previous day. 31 crew member and 4 prisoners perished, while 89 crewmen and 10 prisoners survived, and sailed for Timor in lifeboats. Pandora was on its way back to England after searching for HMS Bounty and its survivors.

120 years ago
1896


War
Spanish forces defeated rebel forces in the Battle of San Juan del Monte in the Philippines, after which eight provinces in the Philippines were declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor-General Ramón Blanco y Erenas.

100 years ago
1916


War
The Canadian Corps entered the Battle of the Somme, which had been raging since July 1, 1916.

Baseball
Four days after Bullet Joe Bush had pitched a no-hitter for the Philadelphia Athletics, Dutch Leonard pitched a no-hitter and singled in a run for the Boston Red Sox as they blanked the St. Louis Browns 4-0 at Fenway Park in Boston.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Green Eyes (Aquellos Ojos Verdes)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra

War
Leningrad was besieged by German forces, the beginning of a siege that would last for two years. The Finnish command announced the capture of the Karelian capital of Viborg, which had been lost to the U.S.S.R. in the Winter War of 1939-40. The Anglo-Iranian Oil Company reported in Tehran that Soviet bombers had destroyed thousands of gallons of gasoline in Kazvin the previous day after the Iranian Army had ceased resistance.

Diplomacy
The U.K. embassy announced in Tokyo that a ship would be sent to Japan soon to remove all British subjects who wished to leave.

Defense
Cuban President Fulgencio Batista issued a decree placing private shipyards and drydocks in Cuba under virtual control of the Navy to aid defense.

Journalism
Four Buenos Aires newspapers urged the Argentine administration to discard its policy of strict neutrality in the European war and crush the Nazi movement in Argentina that had been uncovered by the Chamber of Deputies investigation.

Crime
Hans Pagel and Frederick Edward Schlosser, ex-members of the German American Youth Movement, were held in New York in default of $25,000 bail each on charges of having used the mails in espionage activities.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Production Management gave truck manufacturers an A-3 priority rating to enable them to obtain supplies needed to turn out 1,189,000 units in the model year ending July 31, 1942.

Baseball
Lon Warneke pitched a no-hitter to lead the St. Louis Cardinals to a 2-0 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 9,859 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Mr. Warneke walked just 1 batter, and 2 others reached on errors, only to be erased on double plays. Losing pitcher Elmer Riddle allowed just 5 hits and 2 unearned runs, with the runs coming with 2 out in the top of the 7th inning on an error by center fielder Harry Craft.

Mel Ott led off the bottom of the 8th inning with a home run to tie the score and singled home Dick Bartell with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to give the New York Giants a 4-3 win over the Brooklyn Dodgers in the first game of a doubleheader at the Polo Grounds in New York. Lew Riggs had given Brooklyn a 3-0 lead in the 4th with a 3-run homer. The Giants won the second game 5-1 to complete the sweep.

The Boston Red Sox scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 2nd inning and coasted to a 12-3 win over the Philadelphia Athletics before 6,397 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Johnny Berardino batted 4 for 4 with a home run, 3 runs, and 3 runs batted in as the St. Louis Browns beat the Chicago White Sox 10-1 before 1,053 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. George McQuinn and Chet Laabs also homered for the Browns, and every man in the St. Louis lineup had at least 1 hit.

70 years ago
1946


War
Nationalist Chinese sources reported that the Communists had taken Tatung, 100 miles southwest of Nanking on the Yangtze River, after a 25-day siege.

Diplomacy
Speaking at the Paris Peace Conference, U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov accused the U.S.A. and U.K. of interfering with Greek internal affairs and of supporting the present royalist government in an effort to influence the September 1 plebiscite.

In a note to the United States, the Yugoslavian government charged that since August 19, the United States had sent 11 bombers, 14 fighter planes, and 7 transport planes to deliberately fly over Yugoslav territory. Acting U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson announced that the United States would claim indemnity from Yugoslavia for damages and lives lost in the downing of U.S. planes on August 9 and 19, 1946.

The Argentine Chamber of Deputies followed the Senate in approving the Act of Chapultepec and the United Nations Charter.

Defense
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur's headquarters reported the destruction of the Japanese military machine after one year of occupation.

Aviation
Paul Mantz won the Bendix Trophy race, averaging 435.604 miles per hour in a P-51 for the 2,048 miles from California to Cleveland.

Economics and finance
The World Bank reported that 32 of its 38 members had made their first capital payments, but that Norway, China, Greece, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia had requested postponements.

Brazil imposed an export embargo on grain, fertilizers, cotton and cottonseed, shoes, meat, scrap metal, leather, and vegetable and animal oils.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): La Ballade de Davy Crockett--Annie Cordy (5th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Egyptian President Gamal Nasser summoned U.S. Ambassador to Egypt Henry Byroade to protest U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower's characterization of the Suez Canal as an "international waterway." The United Kingdom asked the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Permanent Council to "consider" the Suez Canal question at an upcoming meeting in Paris.

Defense
French naval units left Toulon harbour en route to Cyprus.

50 years ago
1966


Politics and government
The new Israeli parliament building--the first permanent home for the Knesset--was dedicated in Jerusalem.

Football
CFL
Toronto (0-4) 0 @ Ottawa (4-0) 24

Whit Tucker, Bo Scott, and Jim Dillard scored touchdowns for the Rough Riders as they blanked the Argonauts before 20,137 fans at Lansdowne Park, but the real stars were the Ottawa defenders, who intercepted 5 passes from rookie Toronto quarterback Wally Gabler, with 3 of the interceptions coming in the Ottawa end zone. It was the only CFL game for Toronto running backs Ray Jones and Kern Carson, and the only game that Toronto tight end Mel Profit missed in his 6-year CFL career.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Anata Dake wo--Teruhiko Aoi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Jardín Prohibido--Sandro Giacobbe (4th week at #1)

Protest
Clashes between Negroes and police at the Notting Hill Carnival in west London ended in a riot, resulting in more than 100 police officers being taken to hospital.

Canadiana
A group of 17 Chinese officials attended the official opening Norman Bethune's restored birthplace, operated by Parks Canada. The Montreal-born physician had served as a battlefield surgeon during Mao Zedong's long march, and died in China of blood poisoning in 1938.

Economics and finance
The Manitoba Liquor Commission was fined $300,000 for violating federal wage and price controls; it was the first case of a provincial agency being fined under the controls.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Easy Lady--Spagna

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Holiday Rap--MC Miker G & DJ Sven (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sing Our Own Song--UB40 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Want to Wake Up with You--Boris Gardiner

#1 single in the U.K.: I Want to Wake Up with You--Boris Gardiner (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Higher Love--Steve Winwood

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
2 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna
3 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
4 Venus--Bananarama
5 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
6 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera
7 Sweet Freedom--Michael McDonald
8 Rumors--Timex Social Club
9 Stuck with You--Huey Lewis and the News
10 Friends and Lovers--Gloria Loring and Carl Anderson

Singles entering the chart were Typical Male by Tina Turner (#41); True Colors by Cyndi Lauper (#54); Girl Can't Help It by Journey (#73); Another Heartache by Rod Stewart (#77); In Your Eyes by Peter Gabriel (#78); I'll Be Over You by Toto (#80); Love Comes Quickly by Pet Shop Boys (#84); Wild Wild Life by the Talking Heads (#85); and Somebody's Out There by Triumph (#87).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera (2nd week at #1)
2 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna
3 Mad About You--Belinda Carlisle
4 We Don't Have to Take Our Clothes Off--Jermaine Stewart
5 Sledgehammer--Peter Gabriel
6 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
7 I Can't Wait--Nu Shooz
8 Nasty--Janet Jackson
9 Danger Zone--Kenny Loggins
10 The Edge of Heaven--Wham!

Singles entering the chart were Walk This Way by Run/DMC (#81); Throwing it All Away by Genesis (#82); Twist and Shout by the Beatles (#86); True Colors by Cyndi Lauper (#90); The Lady in Red by Chris de Burgh (#94); Sweet Love by Anita Baker (#95); Heartbeat by Don Johnson (#96); Lonely is the Night by Air Supply (#97); Love Always by El DeBarge (#98); and No Way to Treat a Lady by Bonnie Raitt (#99). Twist and Shout was had been a hit in 1964, before RPM began publication; it charted again after its use in the movie Ferris Bueller's Day Off (1986).

Died on this date
George Pelawa, 18
. U.S. hockey player. Mr. Pelawa, a 6'4", 240-pound right wing, was a native of Bemidji, Minnesota. He was named that state's top high school player in 1986 and was selected in that year's National Hockey League draft by the Calgary Flames in the 1st round (16th selection overall), and had committed to play for the University of North Dakota. Mr. Pelawa was killed in an auto accident in Bemidji; had he been wearing a seatbelt, he probably would have survived.

Baseball
Roger Clemens recorded 11 strikeouts in 7 innings as he pitched the Boston Red Sox to a 7-3 win over the Cleveland Indians before 30,467 fans at Fenway Park in Boston to improve his record for the season to 20-4. Phil Niekro took the loss.

Doug DeCinces hit a 2-run home run with none out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the California Angels a 5-4 win over the Detroit Tigers before 39,633 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Darrell Evans hit 2 solo homers for Detroit.

Bill Swift allowed just 2 hits in 8 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel with Tommy John as the Seattle Mariners edged the New York Yankees 1-0 in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 26,065 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. The Mariners scored the game's only run in the 8th when John Moses led off with a single and scored on a 2-out single by Jim Presley. The Yankees put runners on first and second bases with 2 out in the 9th, but relief pitcher Matt Young retired pinch hitter Ron Kittle to end the game. Mr. John allowed 8 hits and just 1 earned run in pitching a complete game. Joe Niekro, Rod Scurry, and Dave Righetti combined on a 7-hit shutout as the Yankees won the second game 3-0. Seattle pitchers Mike Brown and Pete Ladd allowed just 3 hits, with one of them being a home run by Don Mattingly leading off the 4th inning to open the scoring. Claudell Washington scored in the 7th and 9th after leading off both innings with bases on balls.

Bryn Smith pitched a 7-hit complete game victory and doubled in 3 runs as part of a 5-run 3rd inning as the Montreal Expos beat the San Diego Padres 10-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 22,721 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Garry Templeton singled home Steve Garvey with 2 out in the top of the 9th to break a 4-4 tie and the Padres held on to win the second game 5-4.

The Atlanta Braves scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning and held on for a 4-3 win over the Chicago Cubs before 21,780 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Doyle Alexander allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in 7 innings to get the win, and singled in the first 2 Atlanta runs.

The bottom four batters in the order each drove in 2 runs as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Houston Astros 13-3 before 30,598 fans at the Astrodome. Rick Rhoden pitched an 8-hit complete game to improve his record for the season to 15-7.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Bacardi Feeling (Summer Dreamin')--Kate Yanai (3rd week at #1)

Europeana
Azerbaijan declared her independence from the U.S.S.R.

Died on this date
Alan Wheatley, 84
. U.K. actor. Mr. Wheatley was best known for playing the Sheriff of Nottingham in the ATV series The Adventures of Robin Hood (1955-1959). Sherlockians recognize him as the first actor to play Sherlock Holmes in a television series, starring in a six-episode series on BBC in October-November 1951.

Track and field
Mike Powell of the United States, competing at the world championships in Tokyo, made a long jump of 29' 4 1/4", 2 inches better than the world record of Bob Beamon, which had stood since 1968.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Wannabe--Spice Girls

Music
This blogger was in attendance as the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra's Symphony Under the Sky series continued at Hawrelak Park.

Football
CFL
Montreal (5-5) 6 @ Ottawa (2-8) 17

David Archer quarterbacked the Rough Riders to a 17-0 halftime lead and they held on to defeat the Alouettes before 28,451 fans at Frank Clair Stadium amid rumours that this may have been the team's final game. The CFL had given the Rough Riders a deadline of September 2 to come up with $1.6 million to make it through the season.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Naguib Mahfouz, 94
. Egyptian author. Mr. Mahfouz wrote 34 novels and over 350 short stories. He was awarded the 1988 Nobel Prize in Literature as a writer "who, through works rich in nuance - now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous - has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind."

Glenn Ford, 90. Canadian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Ford, a native of Quebec City, moved to the United States at the age of 8. He was known for his portrayal of ordinary men in movies such as Gilda (1946); The Big Heat (1953); Blackboard Jungle (1955); The Teahouse of the August Moon (1956); and 3:10 to Yuma (1957).

Monday, 29 August 2016

August 29, 2016

490 years ago
1526


War
Ottoman Empire troops commanded by Sultan Suleiman I "the Magnificent" defeated Hungarian troops commanded by King Louis II in the Battle of Mohács in Hungary.

475 years ago
1541


War
Ottoman Turkish forces captured the Hungarian capital of Buda.

260 years ago
1756


War
Prussian troops led by Emperor Frederick II "the Great" attacked Saxony, beginning the Seven Years' War.

230 years ago
1786


Protest
Shays' Rebellion--an insurrection against the state government of Massachusetts--began.

130 years ago
1886


Born on this date
May and Marjorie Chavasse
. U.K. twins. The sisters both lived long enough to celebrate their 100th birthday.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Marquis James
. U.S. historian. Mr. James won Pulitzer Prizes for The Raven: A Biography of Sam Houston (1929) and the two-volume biography Andrew Jackson: The Border Captain (1934); Andrew Jackson: Portrait of a President (1937). He died of a cerebral hemorrhage on Novmber 19, 1955 at the age of 64.

Died on this date
Pierre Lallement, 47
. French inventor. Mr. Lallement has been credited inventing the pedal bicycle in 1862.

110 years ago
1906


Baseball
Jimmy Dygert pitched 3 hitless innings and Rube Waddell followed with 2 hitless innings for the Philadelphia Athletics as they beat the Chicago White Sox 4-3 at Columbia Park in Philadelphia in a game that was called after 5 innings.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
George Montgomery
. U.S. actor. Mr. Montgomery, born George Montgomery Letz, was a stuntman before becoming a film and television actor, mainly in Westerns. He starred in the television series Cimarron City (1958-1959). Mr. Montgomery was skilled with his hands, and became a successful sculptor and furniture maker. He died on December 12, 2000 at the age of 84.

Luther Davis. U.S. playwright and screenwriter. Mr. Davis was best known for writing the musical play Kismet (1954), for which he won a Tony Award. He died on July 29, 2008 at the age of 91.

Politics and government
The United States passed the Philippine Autonomy Act, aka the Jones Law, creating the first fully elected Philippine legislature.

80 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: A Scandal in Bohemia

Died on this date
Charles Napier Bell
. Canadian historian. Mr. Bell wrote several books on Manitoba history, and was president of the Historical and Scientific Society of Manitoba.

75 years ago
1941


War
The Estonian capital of Tallinn was occupied by German forces, three days after they had entered the city. The German and Italian governments announced that German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and Italian Duce Benito Mussolini had concluded five days of talks at Mr. Hitler's headquarters on the Russian front, discussing military and political questions that affected the war. Despite an Iranian cease-fire order, U.K.-U.S.S.R. forces continued their advance in Iran. A Chinese government spokesman said that Chinese troops had begun a general offensive against Japanese forces in the provinces of Fukien, Chekiang, Kiangsi, Kiangsu, and Anhwei.

World events
Eight more people were executed in Paris, three on charges of espionage and five for "activity against the occupying power."

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that Averell Harriman would head the U.S. mission to the three-power conference in Moscow.

An Argentine Chamber of Deputies committee investigating anti-Argentine activities reported that there were 64,319 Germans in semi-military groups in the country, organized by the German embassy.

Defense
U.S. Maritime Commission Chairman Emory Land said that the United States would obtain the use of about 26 Axis tankers immobilized in Latin America.

The U.S. Veterans of Foreign Wars announced that Earl Southard, suspended commander of the Illinois department, had been found guilty of disloyalty by a court-martial for his activities in the Keep America Out of War Committee.

Politics and government
Lieutenant-Colonel W. C. Woodward was commissioned as Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

Republican Party candidate Lawrence H. Smith, an isolationist, was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in Wisconsin's 1st Congressional District, defeating Democratic candidate Thomas Amlie.

Labour
The U.S. National Defense Mediation Board announced that the Congress of Industrial Organizations Chemical Workers Union had agreed to end its strike in 17 plants of the U.S. Gypsum Company pending an investigation of union demands.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Adolphus Busch III, 55
. U.S. brewer. Mr. Busch succeeded his father Augustus A. Busch as president of Anheuser-Busch Company upon Augustus Busch's death in 1934. Adolphus Busch III ran the company until his death from a cerebral hemorrhage, and was succeeded in turn by his brother August A. "Gussie" Busch, Jr.

War
Documents were introduced at the Tokyo trial of accused Japanese war criminals to show that Japanese troops had killed 280,000 Chinese in the 1937 "rape of Nanking."

Nationalist Chinese forces reported the capture of Chengte, a key transport junction northeast of Peking.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 8 to admit Afghanistan, Iceland, and Sweden to UN membership, while a U.S.S.R. veto excluded Ireland, Portugal, and Transjordan.

The British government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee revealed that it had decided against inviting Jamal Amin el Husseini, Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, to a September 9 conference in London on Palestine.

Politics and government
Colonel C. A. Banks was commissioned as Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

Defense
U.S. Army intelligence authorities in Stuttgart announced that they had broken a pro-Soviet German spy ring.

The United States Navy dreadnought USS Nevada, launched in 1914, was decommissioned.

Crime
Pennsylvania Governor Edward Martin ordered state police to probe Ku Klux Klan activities, and asked the U.S. Justice Department for the assistance of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Labour
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur banned strikes of Japanese workers "inimical to the objectives of the military occupation."

60 years ago
1956


Diplomacy
Egypt charged an alleged British spy ring with plotting the overthrow of the government of Egyptian President Gamal Nasser.

After conferring with Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower issued a statement urging "peaceful solution" of the Suez Canal dispute in line with the U.S. proposal presented at the London conference.

Defense
The United Kingdom agreed to the temporary stationing of a contingent of French troops in Cyprus to ensure "the protection of French nationals and their interests in the western Mediterranean."

Protest
Mobs demonstrated in Clinton, Tennessees and Mansfield, Texas against admission of Negro students to previously all-white high schools at the beginning of the new school term.

Football
IRFU
Hamilton (1-1) 18 @ Toronto (0-2) 0

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Un Sorbito De Champán--Los Brincos

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Yellow Submarine--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 See You in September--The Happenings
2 Sunny--Bobby Hebb
3 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
4 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
5 This Door Swings Both Ways--Herman's Hermits
6 I Couldn't Live Without Your Love--Petula Clark
7 Bus Stop--The Hollies
8 Sweet Dreams--Tommy McLain
9 Wouldn't it Be Nice--The Beach Boys
10 Sunshine Superman--Donovan

Singles entering the chart were What Becomes of the Brokenhearted by Jimmy Ruffin (#82); Cherry, Cherry by Neil Diamond (#88); Beauty is Only Skin Deep by the Temptations (#89); Cherish by the Association (#90); Mind Excursion by the Trade Winds (#91); Don't Cry for Me, Babe by Marti Shannon (#92); Ashes to Ashes by the Mindbenders (#93); Nowadays Clancy Can't Even Sing by Buffalo Springfield (#94); Little Darling, I Need You by Marvin Gaye (#97); Lover Lover by The Quid-Eagle (#98); All Strung Out by Nino Tempo & April Stevens (#99); and We'll Be United by the Intruders (#100).

Died on this date
Sayyid Qutb, 59
. Egyptian author. Mr. Qutb, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, wrote 24 books, and was best known for works on the social and political role of Islam. He was hanged for plotting the overthrow of the government of President Gamal Abdel Nasser.

Music
The Beatles concluded their final concert tour with a performance before 25,000 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. It proved to be their final concert.



40 years ago
1976


Television
The Trois-Rivières, Québec station CHEM-TV began broadcasting.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Holiday Rap--MC Miker G & Deejay Sven (2nd week at #1)

Football
CFL
Toronto (6-3) 29 @ Ottawa (2-7) 12

Baseball
Joe Carter hit 3 home runs and 2 singles in 5 at bats to lead the Cleveland Indians to a 7-3 win over the Boston Red Sox before 34,004 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

The Toronto Blue Jays scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Minnesota Twins 6-5 before 38,241 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

Ted Higuera pitched a 6-hit complete game victory to improve his record for the season to 17-8 as the Milwaukee Brewers defeated the Kansas City Royals 3-1 before 25,997 fans at Royals Stadium. Losing pitcher Dennis Leonard allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in 8 innings, dropping to 6-11.

Juan Espino singled home Dave Winfield with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 12-12 tie and give the New York Yankees a 13-12 win over the Seattle Mariners before 14,211 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. The Yankees led 5-0 after 1 1/2 innings, but the Mariners scored 8 runs in the 2nd and 4 in the 4th before the Yankees replied with 6 in the 5th to reduce the deficit to 12-11. Rickey Henderson hit 2 home runs for New York, while Bob Kearney hit 2 homers for Seattle. Steve Yeager came to bat as a pinch hitter and flied out to right field to end the game; it was the 1,269th and final game of Mr. Yeager's 15-year major league career.

Mike Davis batted 4 for 4 with 2 solo home runs and 3 runs batted in to lead the Oakland Athletics to a 4-3 win over the Baltimore Orioles in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 12,222 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Dave Stewart pitched a 7-hit shutout to improve his 1986 record to 8-1 as the Athletics won the second game 4-0 to complete the sweep.

Dick Schofield's 2-out grand slam off Guillermo Hernandez ended the game as the California Angels scored 8 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Detroit Tigers 13-12 before 32,922 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

Bob Dernier's 3-run home run was the big blow of a 5-run 5th inning as the Chicago Cubs beat the Atlanta Braves 7-3 before 16,308 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

Bob Ojeda pitched a 5-hit complete game without allowing an earned run as the New York Mets edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-1 before 45,667 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Ojeda improved his record for the season to 15-4, while Rick Honeycutt, who allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 1/3 innings, dropped to 9-9.

Bill Gullickson pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Danny Cox as the Cincinnati Reds blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 2-0 before 24,262 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Mr. Gullickson improved his 1986 record to 12-8, while Mr. Cox, who allowed just 6 hits and 1 earned run in pitching a complete game, fell to 8-11.
The only earned run was Buddy Bell's solo home run leading off the 6th inning.

Mike Scott allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 7 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Rick Reuschel as the Houston Astros edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 3-2 before 22,801 fans at the Astrodome. Mr. Scott improved to 14-9 for the season, while Mr. Reuschel dropped to 8-15.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Everything I Do (I Do it for You)--Bryan Adams (9th week at #1)

Died on this date
Libero Grassi, 67
. Italian businessman. Mr. Grassi was a clothing manufacturer from Palermo who was murdered by the Mafia after taking a solitary stand against their pizzo (extortion) demands.

Music
Crowded House performed at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. This blogger arrived in time to hear them, but missed the opening act, Far Cry.

Politics and government
The Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. suspended all activities of the Soviet Communist Party, officially bringing it to an end.

Law
Manitoba's aboriginal justice inquiry said that the legal system systematically discriminated against Canadian natives, and recommended universal self-government and a separate justice system run by natives.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-8) 14 @ Ottawa (4-4) 38

Damon Allen threw 3 touchdown passes and handed off to Reggie Barnes for another TD to lead the Rough Riders over the Tiger-Cats before 24,532 fans at Lansdowne Park for their fourth straight win.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Trash--Suede (2nd week at #1)

Music
This blogger was in attendance with enjoyable female company as the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra's Symphony Under the Sky series opened at Hawrelak Park.

Space
The Canadian UVAI (Ultra-Violet Auroral Imager) instrument was launched on board the Russian Interball-2 spacecraft.

Scandal
The British Columbia Securities Commission founs former British Columbia Premier Bill Bennett guilty of insider trading committed when he was in office. Mr. Bennett was Premier from 1975-1986.

Disasters
Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashed into a mountain on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, killing all 141 aboard.

Sunday, 28 August 2016

August 28, 2016

180 years ago
1836


Americana
The city of Houston, Texas was founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
C. Wright Mills
. U.S. sociologist. A professor at Columbia University from 1946 until his death and a forerunner of "New Left" figures of the 1960s, Dr. Mills was known for his books White Collar (1951) and The Power Elite (1956). He died of a heart attack at the age of 45 on March 20, 1962.

Hélène Baillargeon. Canadian singer and television hostess. Miss Baillargeon, a native of Saint-Martin, Quebec, recorded several albums, but was best known as the hostess of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation children's television program Chez Hélène (1959-1973). She died on September 25, 1997 at the age of 81.

Jack Vance. U.S. author. Mr. Vance was a science fiction, fantasy, and mystery author whose books included The Man in the Cage (1960); The Dragon Masters (1966); and The Last Castle (1966). He died on May 26, 1913 at the age of 96.

War
Germany declared war on Romania, while Italy declared war on Germany.

80 years ago
1936


Baseball
The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Detroit Tigers 14-5 and 19-4 before 24,000 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Yankees scored 11 runs in the 2nd inning of the second game, which was called because of darkness in the middle of the 7th inning. Lou Gehrig hit his 41st and 42nd home runs of the season in the first game, while winning pitcher Johnny Murphy batted 5 for 5 with 3 runs and 5 runs batted in in the second game.

Moose Solters batted 4 for 5 with a double, home run, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in as the St. Louis Browns beat the Boston Red Sox 8-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 11,000 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Earl Caldwell pitched a 6-hit complete game victory. In the second game, pinch hitter Wes Ferrell scored Joe Cronin with a fly ball to left field in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Red Sox a 2-1 win. Fritz Ostermueller pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Jack Knott, who allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in going the distance.

The New York Giants scored 6 runs in the top of the 14th inning to break a 1-1 tie as they defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-2 before 5,000 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Freddie Fitzsimmons allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 13 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Waite Hoyt, who allowed 12 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 13+ innings.

The Chicago Cubs scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and coasted to an 18-3 rout of the Boston Bees before 20,000 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Chicago right fielder Frank Demaree batted 5 for 6 with a home run, triple, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in.

Bucky Walters pitched a 6-hit shutout and had 2 of the Philadelphia Phillies' 17 hits as they blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 8-0 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Cotton Pippen made his major league debut as the starting pitcher for the Cardinals and allowed 14 hits and 5 runs--all earned--while taking the loss. He also had 1 hit--a double--in 2 at bats.

75 years ago
1941


War
The U.S.S.R. confirmed that the Dnieper River power plant near Zaporozhe had been destroyed to cover the retreat of Soviet forces in Ukraine. Ali Furanghi, named by Shah Reza Pahlevi as Iran's new Prime Minister, ordered the Iranian Army to cease-fire, on the fourth day of the U.K.-U.S.S.R. invasion.

Diplomacy
Japanese Ambassador to the United States Kichisaburō Nomura presented U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt with a personal letter from Japanese Prime Minister Prince Fujimaro Konoye pleading for a meeting in order to avoid war. Mr. Nomura implored President Roosevelt to keep Prime Minister Konoye's offer secret, since his government could be in jeopardy if news leaked out about his offer to come to the United States to talk to an American president.

Politics and government
Robert Menzies, leader of the United Australia Party coalition, announced his resignation as Prime Minister of Australia. Former Prime Minister Billy Hughes, 78, was elected leader of the UAP, but was considered too old to lead the government, so Country Party leader Arthur Fadden was chosen to lead the coalition, taking office as Prime Minister the following day.

Society
Acting New York Governor Charles Poletti said that he had barred a proposed birth control exhibit at the state fair because state law described the dissemination of information on birth control as "detrimental to the state."

Economics and finance
The Inter-American Financial and Economic Committee announced that an agreement had been reached to use 80-100 Danish, German, and Italian ships immobilized in Latin American ports.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed a seven-man Supply Priorities and Allocations Board, headed by Vice President Henry Wallace, as the supreme agency for allocating the available supply of materials among military needs, defense-aid needs, economic warfare needs, and civilian needs.

A special U.S. Senate committee headed by Sen. Sheridan Downey (Democrat--California) recommended a minimum pension of $30 per month for all unemployed people over 60 years of age.

Football
NFL
College All-Star Game @ Soldier Field, Chicago
Chicago Bears 37 College All-Stars 13

University of Minnesota running back George Franck was voted the game's Most Valuable Player as the Bears beat the All-Stars before 98,203 fans.

70 years ago
1946


World events
Yugoslavian authorities delivered the bodies of five American soldiers killed on August 19 to the U.S. Army. The soldiers had died when their transport plane had been shot down by Yugoslavian fighters near the Italian border.

Diplomacy
U.S. representatives at the Paris Peace Conference defended Australia's right to present reparations demands against Yugoslavian charges that "big Western countries" sought to interfere in the "home affairs of small European nations." Acting U.S. delegate Herschel Johnson warned the United Nations Security Council that the United States would veto the U.S.S.R.-sponsored membership applications of Albania and Outer Mongolia.

Politics and government
Former U.S. Office of Strategic Services Chief General William Donovan was named to head the American Institute of International Information, a new non-profit organization that would seek information on world problems.

Communications
A long distance call between Milwaukee and an automobile 135 miles away inaugurated the world's first highway mobile radio-telephone system.

Economics and finance
U.S. Agriculture Secretary Clinton Anderson ordered an increase in meat prices over the objections of the Office of Price Administration.

The Jewish National Fund of America forwarded $5 million to Palestine, the largest single contribution yet made to the Zionist cause.

Labour
A joint meeting of American League and National League baseball owners in Chicago voted to give players representation in formulating rules and policies, and agreed to set a minimum salary and establish a pension fund.

60 years ago
1956


World events
The People's Republic of China acknowledged that its fighters had downed a U.S. Navy patrol plane, believing it was a Nationalist Chinese craft.

Diplomacy
Egyptian President Gamal Nasser agreed to discuss settlement of the Suez Canal dispute, saying that he would meet with a committee representing 18 of the 22 nations that had attended the recent London conference.

Defense
U.S.S.R. atomic scientist August Letavet challenged claims that a "clean" nuclear weapon with little radioactive fallout could be developed, stating that all atomic explosions produced radioactive Strontium-90.

Disasters
Flash floods in northern and southeastern Turkey caused 238 deaths.

Sport
England won its biennial cricket tournament with Australia 2 matches to 1 in London.

50 years ago
1966


Music
The Beatles continued their final concert tour with a performance at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles.







Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (4-2) 30 @ British Columbia (1-4) 29

Bill Mitchell's 35-yard field goal attempt on the final play of the game was blocked, and Saskatchewan defensive back Larry Dumelie recovered, preserving the Roughriders' win over the Lions before 31,560 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Saskatchewan quarterback Ron Lancaster passed to Hugh Campbell for 2 touchdowns and handed off to Paul Dudley for another. Bill Munsey scored 2 B.C. touchdowns, with Willie Fleming and Dave Moton scoring the others.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Non si puo' morire dentro--Gianni Bella (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Kiss and Say Goodbye--The Manhattans (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Let 'Em In--Wings
2 Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee
3 You Should Be Dancing--Bee Gees
4 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
5 You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine--Lou Rawls
6 I'd Really Love to See You Tonight--England Dan & John Ford Coley
7 Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band
8 (Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
9 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band
10 Kiss and Say Goodbye--The Manhattans

Singles entering the chart were It's OK by the Beach Boys (#80); Fernando by ABBA (#86); I Got to Know by Starbuck (#89); Howzat by Sherbet (#90); Give it Up (Turn it Loose) by Tyrone Davis (#91); Harvest for the World by the Isley Brothers (#93); Detroit Rock City by Kiss (#94); Roxy Roller by Sweeney Todd (#97); and Let's Rock by Ellison Chase (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (2nd week at #1)
2 You Should Be Dancing--Bee Gees
3 Let 'Em In--Wings
4 Baby, I Love Your Way--Peter Frampton
5 You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine--Lou Rawls
6 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band
7 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
8 Got to Get You Into My Life--The Beatles
9 This Masquerade--George Benson
10 A Little Bit More--Dr. Hook

Singles entering the chart were Get Back on the Right Track by Carlyle Miller (#94); Memories are Made of You by Susan Jacks (#95); Makin' of Love by Basic Black and Pearl (#96); Superstar by Paul Davis (#97); That'll Be the Day by Linda Ronstadt (#98); Sunrise by Eric Carman (#99); and Showdown by Electric Light Orchestra (#100).

Labour
U.S. rubber workers ended a strike that had begun on April 21.

30 years ago
1986


Popular culture
The largest wrestling crowd in Canadian history--69,300--attended a card at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-6) 44 @ Edmonton (5-3) 41

A controversial ruling on a fumble by Edmonton quarterback Tracy Ham went in favour of the Roughriders, resulting in a game-winning 35-yard field goal by Dave Ridgway with 9 seconds remaining in regulation time. It was the Roughriders' first game under head coach Don Matthews, who had replaced the fired John Gregory six days earlier.

Baseball
Jim Eppard of the Salinas Spurs of the California League played all nine positions as the Spurs edged the San Bernardino Spirit 2-1. Mr. Eppard, a lefthander, pitched a scoreless 5th inning and was credited with the win.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Wannabe--Spice Girls

Divorced on this date
Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales were divorced after 15 years of marriage.

Radio
Veteran broadcaster Peter Gzowski announced his retirement after 15 years as host of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation weekday radio program Morningside.

Politics and government
The Democratic National Convention at United Center in Chicago nominated U.S. President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore for a second term in office.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Melvin Schwartz, 73
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Schwartz shared the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physics with Leon Lederman and Jack Steinberger "for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino."

Saturday, 27 August 2016

August 27, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Brenda Kiema!

240 years ago
1776


War
British forces under General William Howe defeated American forces led by General George Washington in the Battle of Long Island at what is now Brooklyn, New York.

120 years ago
1896


War
British forces defeated Zanzibari forces in the Anglo-Zanzibar War, which, at 38 minutes, remains the shortest war in history. Sheikh Khalid bin Barghash, who had claimed the Sultanate two days earlier upon the sudden death of his cousin Sheikh Hamad bin Thuwaini, fled to the German consulate, and was replaced as Sultan by Sheikh Hamoud bin Mohammed Al-Said.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Martha Raye
. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Raye, born Margy Reed, sang with big bands and acted in comic roles in numerous movies, but was perhaps best known for entertaining American troops with United Services Overseas in World War II and subsequent wars. She died on October 19, 1994 at the age of 78.

War
Romania declared war on Austria-Hungary, entering World War I as one of the Allied nations.

75 years ago
1941


On television tonight
Thrills and Chills, hosted by Doug Allan, on WNBT

Faustin Wirkus, a former U.S. Marine who had ruled the Haitian island of La Gonave as King Faustin II for several years in the 1920s, was the guest on the first broadcast of this program in which Mr. Allan interviewed explorers and presented films they had taken of their adventures. WNBT was the NBC flagship station in New York City.

World events
While reviewing troops from the Légion des Volontaires Français (LVF)--a French unit of the German Wehrmacht--in Versailles, Vichy French politicians Pierre Laval and Marcel Déat were shot and wounded by 21-year-old Paul Collette. The wounded men, who advocated collaboration with Nazis, soon recovered from their wounds.

War
U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) charged that some members of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration "have been anxious for a war with Japan for some time," and declared that in such a war "we will be preserving the British domination of Asia rather than helping the United States."

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull indirectly warned Japan not to interfere with American aid shipments to Vladivostok when he remarked that the United Staes would insist upon the policy of freedom of the seas in the Pacific.

Politics and government
The Iranian cabinet of Prime Minister Ali Khan Mansur resigned as the U.K.-U.S.S.R. occupation of Iran continued with little opposition.

The British government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill named Viscount Knollys as Governor of Bermuda, succeeding Lieutenant General Sir Denis John Charles Kirwan Bernard.

The U.S. Veterans of Foreign Wars convention urged U.S. President Roosevelt to fire Labor Secretary Frances Perkins for "lack of ability." Delegates also urged Congress to bar the Communist Party from the ballot.

Defense
U.S. Lend-Lease administrator Edward Stettinius issued a regulation requiring companies to accept all defense orders for the United States and foreign countries and to complete them before private non-defense orders.

Oil
U.S. Price Administrator Leon Henderson issued a schedule of fair maximum retail service station prices for regular gasoline in 40 Eastern cities ranging from 16.5c-20.1c per gallon.

Baseball
Charlie Root of the Chicago Cubs relieved starting pitcher Ken Raffensberger in the 1st inning, pitched the rest of the game, and hit a bases-loaded single in the top of the 9th inning to drive in 2 runs and earn his 200th career major league win as the Chicago Cubs defeated the Boston Braves 6-4 in the second game of a doubleheader before 3,204 fans at Braves Field. The Braves won the first game 6-0, scoring all the runs in the 3rd inning. Manny Salvo pitched a 5-hit shutout, striking out 6 batters and walking none, to win the pitching matchup with Claude Passeau.

Arky Vaughan batted 5 for 6 with 3 doubles and 4 runs, while teammate Bud Stewart was 4 for 6 with 2 runs and a run batted in as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Philadelphia Phillies 12-2 before 1,748 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

Jeff Heath batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs, a triple, 2 runs, and 7 runs batted in to lead the Cleveland Indians over the Philadelphia Athletics 11-4 before 2,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland.

The New York Yankees scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning and 6 in the 4th as they routed the St. Louis Browns 11-1 before 13,416 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Every man in the starting lineup for New York had at least one hit.

Mickey Vernon batted in 4 runs with a 2-run home run and 2 singles, while teammate Buddy Lewis had a single, double, and triple as the Washington Nationals beat the Chicago White Sox 11-3 before 3,615 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
At the Paris Peace Conference, Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov accused Australia of acting as a front for other Western nations in proposing numerous treaty amendments, while Australian delegate J.A. Beasely accused the U.S.S.R. of attempting to thrust its views "down the throats" of other delegates.

Journalism
General Robert McClure of the U.S. military government in Germany threatened to bar all Soviet-licensed newspapers and reporters from the American zone unless the U.S.S.R. agreed by September 16, 1946 to permit the exchange of German publications among the four occupation zones.

Politics and government
French President Charles de Gaulle charged that the draft constitution now being debated by the Constituent Assembly would create a weak state and empire.

Defense
U.S. Army Corporal Harry Brickheimer successfully demonstrated an automatic ejection parachute device which catapulted him from a speeding P-81.

Protest
Muslim League President Mohammed Ali Jinnah ordered all members to boycott Indian government meetings, including those of the new interim regime.

Crime
At the opening session of the trial in Frankfurt, Germany of U.S. Army Colonel Jack Durant and his wife Captain Kathleen Nash Durant, U.S. Army prosecutors introduced Capt. Nash's confession that she and her husband had collaborated with Major David Watson and Sergeant Roy Carlton in stealing the $1.5-million Hesse family jewels and smuggling them into the United States.

Roswell Biggers was arrested by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation on charges of holding five Negroes at forced labour on his farm near Atlanta.

Economics and finance
Argentine President Juan Peron established the Argentine Foreign Trade Institute as the sole sales agent for the nation'e meat exports.

60 years ago
1956


Married on this date
Gloria Vanderbilt
. U.S. heiress. Sidney Lumet. U.S. television and movie director. The couple were wed in New York.

Diplomacy
Egyptian security police arrested two British subjects and an Egyptian on charges of leading a British espionage network.

The International Cooperation Administration halted initiation of U.S. aid projects in Egypt.

Disasters
29 Polish coal miners died of gas poisoning when fire broke out in a mine in Upper Silesia.

Football
WIFU
Calgary (0-3) 15 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 16
Edmonton (3-0) 18 @ British Columbia (2-1) 0

Tom Miner kicked a 43-yard field goal in the final seconds of the game to give the Blue Bombers their win over the Stampeders at Winnipeg Stadium. Mr. Miner, an end, had recently been traded from Calgary to Winnipeg for tackle Dick Huffman. The Blue Bombers had 13 men on the field at the time of the winning kick, but the officials didn't notice.

Jackie Parker and Earl Lindley scored touchdowns for the Eskimos as they shut out the Lions at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Bob Dean converted both TDs and added a field goal and a single.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Easyfever (EP): I'll Make You Happy/Too Much--The Easybeats (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ton Nom--Salvatore Adamo (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Notte di ferragosto--Gianni Morandi

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sunny--Bobby Hebb
2 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
3 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
4 See You in September--The Happenings
5 Yellow Submarine--The Beatles
6 You Can't Hurry Love--The Supremes
7 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
8 I Couldn't Live Without Your Love--Petula Clark
9 Summertime--Billy Stewart
10 Wouldn't it Be Nice--The Beach Boys

Singles entering the chart were Cherish by the Association (#64); I Chose to Sing the Blues by Ray Charles (#77); Can't Satisfy by the Impressions (#83); 96 Tears by ? (Question Mark) & the Mysterians (#84); Knock on Wood by Eddie Floyd (#85); My Sweet Potato by Booker T. and the MG's (#87); You're Gonna Miss Me by the Thirteenth Floor Elevators (#89); A Change on the Way by Terry Knight and the Pack (#90); Summer Samba (So Nice) by Walter Wanderley (#93); Born Free by Roger Williams (#95); Just Like a Woman by Manfred Mann (#97); Rumors by Syndicate of Sound (#98); Campfire Girls by Billy Joe Royal (#100); Ain't Gonna Lie by Keith (also #100); and Get Away by Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames (also #100). Born Free was a version of the title song of the movie.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-5) 5 @ Edmonton (3-3) 26

Jim Thomas scored 2 touchdowns and Randy Kerbow added another as the Eskimos outscored the Stampeders 24-0 iin the 2nd half before 19,800 fans on a rainy night at Clarke Stadium. It was the first Edmonton win over Calgary since November 13, 1961, ending a 12-game losing streak. Peter Liske had a poor game at quarterback for the Stampeders, and received a scathing review from Edmonton Journal columnist Wayne Overland. It was the only CFL game for Calgary defensive back Greg Palamountain, who suffered a shoulder separation.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ein Bett im Kornfeld--Jürgen Drews (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Die kleine Kneipe--Peter Alexander (5th week at #1)

Tennis
Transsexual Renee Richards, formerly Dr. Richard Raskind, was denied admission as a competitor at the United States Open tournament for refusing to take a chromosome test required for all femal entrants.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (2-4) 13 @ Saskatchewan (5-2) 12

The Blue Bombers intercepted 5 passes from Saskatchewan quarterback Ron Lancaster as they edged the Roughriders before 21,362 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. The Saskatchewan defense made 4 interceptions of their own against Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Do Ya Do Ya (Wanna Please Me)--Samantha Fox

Baseball
Nolan Ryan gave up 1 hit in 6 innings as he pitched the Houston Astros to a 7-1 win over the Chicago Cubs before 24,198 fans at the Astrodome for his 250th career major league win.

Eric Davis hit a grand slam off Don Robinson with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 5-5 tie and give the Cincinnati Reds a 9-5 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 7,490 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

Rick Mahler intentionally walked Andy Van Slyke to load the bases and then unintentionally walked Terry Pendleton to force Vince Coleman home with the eventual winning run in the bottom of the 8th inning as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Atlanta Braves 2-1 before 23,887 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

The San Francisco Giants scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Montreal Expos 3-2 before 9,248 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, enabling rookie pitcher Kelly Downs to pick up his first major league win. Mr. Downs allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings.

Jeff Stone reached first base on an error by shortstop and eventually scored on a 2-out single by Von Hayes in the top of the 9th inning to break a 1-1 tie and give the Philadelphia Phillies a 2-1 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 23,543 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Dodgers had runners at first and third bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Steve Bedrosian struck out Mike Scioscia to end the game.

Lenny Dykstra scored on a sacrifice fly by Keith Hernandez in the top of the 11th inning to break a 5-5 tie and give the New York Mets a 6-5 win over the San Diego Padres before 19,747 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

Ernie Whitt led off the top of the 12th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie and give the Toronto Blue Jays a 3-2 win over the Cleveland Indians in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 9,051 fans at Cleveland Stadium. The Blue Jays scored a run in the top of the 8th inning and 2 in the 9th to win the second game 6-3 and complete the sweep.

Ron Karkovice's 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 2nd inning provided the Chicago White Sox with all their scoring as they beat the Kansas City Royals 3-1 before 13,600 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Floyd Bannister pitched a 6-hit complete game, striking out 5 batters and walking none, to win the pitchers' duel over Danny Jackson.

Kirby Puckett batted 4 for 5 with a double, run, and 3 runs batted in to help the Minnesota Twins defeat the Milwaukee Brewers 7-5 before 9,161 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

Glenn Davis doubled home 2 runs and Ken Phelps hit a 2-run home run as the Seattle Mariners scored all their runs in the 1st inning and beat the Baltimore Orioles 4-1 before 7,628 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle.

25 years ago
1991


Europeana
The European Community recognized the independence of the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Moldova declared independence from the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
Speaking in Kelowna, British Columbia, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announces the establishment of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, co-chaired by Georges Erasmus and Judge René Dussault.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (4-4) 25 @ Toronto (6-2) 34
Calgary (6-2) 15 @ Winnipeg (5-3) 28

The Argonauts scored 21 points in the 1st quarter and held on to defeat the Lions before 39,508 fans at SkyDome. Mike "Pinball" Clemons led Toronto rushers, who combined for 213 yards on the ground.

Robert Mimbs rushed 22 times for 152 yards as the Blue Bombers beat the Stampeders before 29,102 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. The Winnipeg defense recorded 4 interceptions and 6 sacks.

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Greg Morris, 62
. U.S. actor. Mr. Morris played Barney Collier in the television series Mission: Impossible (1966-1973) and Lieutenant David Nelson in Vega$ (1979-1981). He died of brain cancer, a month before his 63rd birthday.

10 years ago
2006


Disasters
Comair Flight 5191, a Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet 100ER bound from Lexington, Kentucky to Atlanta, crashed while attempting to take off, killing 49 of 50 passengers and crew members. The only survivor, first officer James Polehinke, suffered brain damage and had his leg amputated, and was largely blamed for the crash.

Friday, 26 August 2016

August 26, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Jaqi Atugonza and Viktoriya!

350 years ago
1666


Died on this date
Frans Hals, 84 (?)
. Dutch artist. Mr. Hals was one of the most famous portrait painters of the Dutch Golden Age. He was known for including visible brush strokes in his paintings.

225 years ago
1791


Transportation
U.S. inventors and competitors John Fitch and James Rumsey were each granted federal patents for the invention of the steamboat.

140 years ago
1876


Politics and government
Cree, Saulteaux, Assiniboines and Chipewyan of present-day central Alberta and Saskatchewan signed Treaty No. 6 at Fort Carlton, North-West Territories (now part of Saskatchewan. The Indians were to get schooling, as well as farm implements, seeds, farm animals and instruction in agricultural techniques, famine relief when necessary, and medicine when needed; a total of 194,725 square kilometres was set aside for reserves.

100 years ago
1916


Baseball
Bullet Joe Bush pitched a no-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Stan Coveleski as the Philadelphia Athletics blanked the Cleveland Indians 5-0 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Philadelphia second baseman Nap Lajoie batted 1 for 3 with a base on balls and made 1 assist in the field in the 2,480th and last game of his 21-year Hall of Fame major league career. The win improved the Athletics' record for 1916 to 26-91, eighth and last in the American League, 43 games behind the first-place Boston Red Sox and 30 1/2 games behind the seventh-place Washington Nationals.

Rube Benton of the New York Giants and Wilbur Cooper of the Pittsburgh Pirates both pitched complete games as their teams plaeyed to a 1-1 tie at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh that was called after 14 innings because of darkness.

Pete Schneider pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Jack Coombs, who pitched a 6-hitter, as the Cincinnati Reds edged the Brooklyn Robins 1-0 at Redland Field in Cincinnati in a game that was played in 1 hour 17 minutes.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored a run in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 4-3 at Robison Field in St. Louis.

80 years ago
1936


Politics and government
Maurice Duplessis was sworn in as Premier of Quebec as his Union Nationale government took office, nine days after capturing 76 of 90 seats in the Legislative Assembly in the Quebec Provincial election, ending 39 straight years of Liberal Party government.

75 years ago
1941


War
The German government announced that Field Marshal Ewald von Kleist's troops had captured Dniepropetrovsk the previous day, eliminating the last bridgehead held by the Soviets on the west bank of the Dnieper River below Kiev. German troops broke into the Estonian capital of Tallinn. U.K. and U.S.S.R. forces advanced in northern and western Iran, meeting little resistance.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. announced that Japanese Ambassador Yoshitsugu Tatekawa had been informed the previous night that hindrance of normal trade relations of the Soviet Union and the United States would be regarded as an unfriendly act.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that an American military mission headed by Brigadier General John Magruder would go to Chungking to arrange for increased Lend-Lease supplies and advise Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.

Protest
The city council of Oklahoma City refused to permit famed aviator Charles Lindbergh to use the municipal auditorium for an address sponsored by the America First Committee, which opposed proposed U.S. entry into the European War.

Academia
The American Federation of Teachers convention in Detroit criticized the Rapp-Coudert committee for its treatment of defendants and vowed to protect Georgia teachers against any infringment of academic freedom.

Boxing
National Boxing Association world light heavyweight champion Gus Lesnevich (51-7-5) won a 15-round split decision over Tami Mauriello (32-2) at Madison Square Garden in New York to become the undisputed world champion, winning New York State Athletic Commission recognition as world champion. The NYSAC version of the title had been vacant for a year, since Billy Conn had relinquished the title in order to fight as a heavyweight.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
--The Ink Spots
2 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
3 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
4 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
5 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
6 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--The Three Suns
7 I Don't Know Enough About You--The Mills Brothers
--Peggy Lee
8 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
9 The House of Blue Lights--Freddie Slack and his Orchestra
--The Andrews Sisters and Eddie Heywood and his Orchestra
10 I Know--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Andy Kirk and his Orchestra and the Jubalaires

Singles entering the chart were the version of To Each His Own by the Ink Spots; Pig Foot Pete by Ella Mae Morse and Freddie Slack (#18); High on a Windy Trumpet (#19)/Lover's Leap (#32) by Les Brown and his Orchestra; I'd Be Lost Without You, with versions by Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians, and Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (#27); Fan It by Woody Herman and the Woodchoppers (#36); and Artistry in Boogie by Stan Kenton and his Orchestra (#37).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Ghost Town Mortuary

Died on this date
Jeanie MacPherson, 60
. U.S. actress and screenwriter. Miss MacPherson acted in silent movies directed by D.W. Griffith, but was best known for writing the screenplays for 30 movies with producer Cecil B. DeMille. She died of cancer.

Defense
The British Foreign Office admitted sending radar equipment to Turkey "for civil purposes," but denied Soviet charges that the U.K. had established a radar post on the Turkish coast to spy on Black Sea submarines.

Law
The United States joined the United Kingdom and the Netherlands in accepting the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice in disputes over the interpretation of treaties and international law.

Crime
The U.S. Office of Price Administration ordered the arrest of six men in Leesville, South Carolina in a drive against automobile black markets.

60 years ago
1956


Terrorism
The United Kingdom charged that Cypriot Archbishop Makarios had personally directed terrorist activities, conferring regularly with guerrilla leader George Grivas on methods of operation and selection of victims.

Defense
Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion warned that peace would not be established in the Middle East unless Israeli ships were assured complete freedom of navigation in the Red Sea and through the Suez Canal.

Diplomacy
Indonesian President Sukarno left Jakarta on a tour scheduled to take him to the People's Republic of China, Russia, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, and Austria.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Daydream--The Lovin' Spoonful (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles
2 Born a Woman--Sandy Posey
3 Sunny--Bobby Hebb
4 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
5 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
6 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
7 I Couldn't Live Without Your Love--Petula Clark
8 Somewhere, My Love--Ray Conniff and the Singers
9 The Dangling Conversation--Simon and Garfunkel
10 Hey Joe!--The Enemys
Pick hit of the week: We've Got a Groovy Thing Goin'--Wes Dakus
New this week: We Wear Lavender Blue--Finders Keepers
My Uncle Used to Love Me But She Died--Roger Miller
Cry Softly--Nancy Ames
Lovers of the World Unite--David & Jonathan
Summertime--Billy Stewart

Law
William G. Morrow, a lawyer from Edmonton, was named the second Justice of the Territorial Court of the Northwest Territories, succeeding the retiring Jack Sissons, who had held the position since 1955.

War
The Namibian War of Independence began when South West African People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla forces launched an attack against the South African Defence Force at Omugulugwombashe.

Labour
A strike by Canada's 118,000 railway workers closed down telecommunications, air express, all postage except for first-class mail, and ferry service to Prince Edward Island.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Lotte Lehmann, 88
. German-born U.S. singer. Miss Lehmann was a soprano who was known for her performances of the German operatic repertory. She made over 500 recordings in a career that began in Germany and continued after she moved to the United States in the late 1930s.

Scandal
Prince Bernhard, consort to Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, resigned as inspector general of the Dutch armed forces and from all other business and defense positions he held, after a formal inquiry into allegations of bribery by U.S.-based Lockheed Aircraft Corporation reported that he had "shown himself open to dishonourable requests and offers," and had created the impression that he was "susceptible to favours." Prime Minister Johannes Martin den Uyl said that there would be no criminal investigation or judicial inquiry. In a letter to parliament, Prince Bernhard accepted the disapproval of the commission.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Ted Knight, 62
. U.S. actor. Mr. Knight, born Tadeusz Wladyslaw Konopka, was best known for playing newscaster Ted Baxter in the television comedy series The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970-1977), for which he won Emmy Awards in 1973 and 1976. He starred as cartoonist Henry Rush in the comedy series Too Close for Comfort (1980-1987), whose title was changed to The Ted Knight Show for the 1985-86 season. Mr. Knight was still starring in the series when he died of colon cancer.

Jennifer Levin, 18. U.S. murder victim. Miss Levin was strangled by Robert Chambers in New York's Central Park in what became known as the "Preppie Murder."

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Enter Sandman--Metallica (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Canada announced that it would extend full diplomatic recognition to the Baltic republics of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania; Canada never recognized the legitimacy of the 1940 annexation of the Baltic republics by the U.S.S.R., but did not maintain diplomatic ties with them.

Baseball
Bret Saberhagen pitched a no-hitter, walking 2 batters and striking out 5, to lead the Kansas City Royals to a 7-0 win over the Chicago White Sox before 25,164 fans at Royals Stadium.

Roger Clemens pitched a 3-hitter, walking 1 batter and striking out 10, to win the pitchers' duel over Mike Moore as the Boston Red Sox blanked the Oakland Athletics 3-0 before 28,869 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

Rafael Palmeiro, Kevin Reimer, Geno Petralli, and Julio Franco hit home runs for the Texas Rangers as they beat the New York Yankees 10-2 before 17,149 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Edgar Martinez scored on a sacrifice fly by Greg Briley in the bottom of the 14th inning to give the Seattle Mariners a 5-4 win over the Milwaukee Brewers before 22,079 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle.

Jeff Blauser's grand slam was the big blow of a 5-run 5th inning as the Atlanta Braves came back from a 7-1 deficit to defeat the Montreal Expos 14-9 before 12,889 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

Tony Gwynn's 2-run home run with 1 out in the top of the 10th inning broke a 5-5 tie and gave the San Diego Padres a 7-5 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 27,396 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored all of their runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Chicago Cubs 4-3 before 31,149 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Jack Clark scored 2 runs and drove in 5 with 2 home runs and a double, but his San Francisco Giants lost 7-5 to the St. Louis Cardinals before 25,554 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

The New York Mets scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 4-4 tie and defeat the Houston Astros 6-4 before 7,720 fans at the Astrodome.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Spinning the Wheel--George Michael (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Change the World--Eric Clapton (4th week at #1)
2 Free to Decide--The Cranberries
3 Jerk--Kim Stockwood
4 You Learn--Alanis Morisette
5 Until it Sleeps--Metallica
6 Tucker's Town--Hootie & the Blowfish
7 Angel Mine--Cowboy Junkies
8 6th Avenue Heartache--The Wallflowers
9 Lack of Water--The Why Store
10 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman

Singles entering the chart were Let's Make a Night to Remember by Bryan Adams (#74); E-Bow the Letter by R.E.M. (#77); Everything You've Done Wrong by Sloan (#89); Speaking Confidentially by Cowboy Junkies (#90); Beautiful Goodbye by Amanda Marshall (#94); Soaked by the Killjoys (#97); and Missing You by Tina Turner (#98).

Football
CFL
British Columbia (2-8) 22 @ Winnipeg (5-4) 20

Troy Westwood was wide on 57- and 55-yard field goal attempts late in the game, enabling the Lions to hold on to defeat the Blue Bombers before 25,209 fans at Winnipeg Stadium.

10 years ago
2006


Politics and government
Elizabeth May was elected leader of the Green Party of Canada, replacing Jim Harris, the leader since 2003. Ms. May won 2,145 votes or 65.3% of the total, against environmental consultant and Green deputy leader David Chernushenko. In her acceptance speech, Ms. May called on the federal government to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (5-5) 51 @ Hamilton (2-9) 8

Rocky Butler completed 3 touchdown passes--2 to Matt Dominguez--to lead the Roughriders to their rout of the Tiger-Cats before 26,564 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.