Wednesday, 24 August 2016

August 24, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sabbah Rose!

500 years ago
1516


War
Ottoman Empire forces commanded by Sultan Selim I defeated Mamluk Sultanate forces commanded by Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri in the Battle of Marj Dabiq in Syria.

200 years ago
1816


Diplomacy
The Treaty of St. Louis of 1816 was signed by representatives of the United States government and representatives of the Council of Three Fires (united tribes of Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi).

125 years ago
1891


Movies
Thomas Edison patented the motion picture camera.

110 years ago
1906


Baseball
The Brooklyn Superbas beat the Cincinnati Reds 6-4 in the first game of a doubleheader at Palace of the Fans in Cincinnati. In the second game, Jake Weimer of the Reds was pitching a no-hitter after 7 innings with his team leading 1-0, when the game was called because of darkness.

100 years ago
1916


Protest
A large anti-conscription demonstration was held on the Place d'Armes in Montréal.

75 years ago
1941


War
U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill said that he and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt had, in their Atlantic Charter, pledged their countries to the final destruction of Nazi tyranny. Mr. Churchill warned that Japanese aggression in the Far East "has got to stop," but if it did not, the British would "range ourselves unhesitatingly at the side of the United States."

Abominations
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler ordered the cessation of Nazi Germany's systematic T4 euthanasia program of the mentally ill and the disabled due to protests, although killings continued for the remainder of World War II.

Defense
U.S. President Roosevelt authorized ther operation of foreign ships seized in American ports under British masters and crews flying the American flag.

Politics and government
U.S. President Roosevelt nominated Solicitor General Francis Biddle as U.S. Attorney General.

Labour
Workers at the Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Company plant in Kearny, New Jersey voted to end their 17-day strike, after Rear Admiral Harold Bowen formally took over the plant for the Navy.

American Federation of Labor members voted to end their strike against Detroit's streetcar and bus lines.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
James Clark McReynolds, 84
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. McReynolds was United States Attorney General in the administration of President Woodrow Wilson from 1913-1914, and was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1914-1941. He wrote over 506 opinions and was known for his opposition to the New Deal policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Diplomacy
Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitri Manuilski told the United Nations Security Council that Greece was attempting to provoke war with Albania and endangering peace in the Balkans.

Turkey sent a note to the U.S.S.R. rejecting the Soviet proposal for joint control of the Dardanelles and suggesting an international convention to bring the Montreaux agreement up to date.

Politics and government
The Japanese House of Representatives approved by a wide margin the proposed new constitution, proclaiming popular sovereignty and renouncing war as an instrument of national policy.

U.K. Viceroy in India Viscount Archibald Wavell announced the appointment of a Hindu-Muslim Executive Council, headed by Jawaharlal Nehru, to take office on September 2 and govern India until a new constitution was drawn up by the Assembly.

Defense
The U.S. Army Air Forces announced that all states had accepted their force allotments in the newly-created Air National Guard, which would number 72 fighter squadrons and 12 light bomber squadrons.

Economics and finance
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur ordered 505 Japanese plants in eight industries set aside as potential World War II reparations.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Mitchell Lewis, 76
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lewis appeared in more than 175 movies--often in uncredited roles--from 1914 until his death. His films included Ben-Hur (1925); A Tale of Two Cities (1935); and The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Kenji Mizoguchi, 58. Japanese film director. Mr. Mizoguchi directed dozens of films from the 1920s through the 1950s, including The Life of Oharu (1952); Ugetsu Monogatari (1953); and Sansho the Bailiff (1954). He died of leukemia.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. resumed atmospheric nuclear tests at its Siberian proving grounds.

World events
Former West German spy Otto John was formally charged in Karlsruhe with treason for defecting to East Germany in 1954.

Aviation
A U.S. Army H-21 completed the first transocontinental helicopter flight, travelling 2,610 miles from San Diego to Washington in 31 hours 40 minutes.

Boxing
Joe Brown (74-19-7-3) won the world lightweight title with a 15-round split decision over defending champion Wallace "Bud" Smith (31-16-6) at the Municipal Auditorium in New Orleans.

50 years ago
1966


At the movies
Fantastic Voyage, starring Stephen Boyd, Raquel Welch, Edmond O'Brien, and Donald Pleasence, opened in theatres.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the lunar probe Luna 11.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (3-1) 8 @ Montreal (2-2) 16

Peter Kempf scored a touchdown, convert, and 3 field goals for the Alouettes as they beat the Tiger-Cats before 20,000 fans at Molson Stadium. Art Baker scored the Hamilton touchdown.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Dancing Queen--ABBA

Environment
U.K. Prime Minister James Callaghan appointed Denis Howell to oversee water conservation, as Europe's worst drought in more than 200 years continued.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (5-2) 11 @ British Columbia (4-2) 23

Lou Harris and Mike Strickland each rushed for more than 100 yards as the Lions defeated the Rough Riders before 24,797 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Say Yes--Chage and Aska (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--La Zoubida--Lagaf' (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)
2 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
3 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
4 The Promise of a New Day--Paula Abdul
5 Temptation--Corina
6 It Ain't Over 'Til it's Over--Lenny Kravitz
7 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate
8 Time, Love and Tenderness--Michael Bolton
9 Crazy--Seal
10 Wind of Change--Scorpions

Singles entering the chart were Walk Through Fire by Bad Company (#69); The Real Love by Bob Seger and the Silver Bullet Band (#71); Kiss Them for Me by Siouxsee and the Banshees (#80); Real, Real, Real by Jesus Jones (#82); and No One Has to Cry by the Fixx (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)
2 It Ain't Over 'Til It's Over--Lenny Kravitz
3 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
4 Something to Talk About--Bonnie Raitt
5 The Motown Song--Rod Stewart (with the Temptations)
6 Superman's Song--Crash Test Dummies
7 Learning to Fly--Tom Petty
8 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
9 Hole Hearted--Extreme
10 Wind of Change--Scorpions

Singles entering the chart were Feel Your Love by Alanis (#79); Only Time Will Tell by Nelson (#84); Love You Too Much by the Boomers (#85); I Adore Mi Amore by Color Me Badd (#86); Face the Music by RTZ (#88); Silver Thunderbird by Marc Cohn (#91); Twist of the Knife by the Fabulous Thunderbirds (#94); Both Sides Now by Paul Young and Clannad (#95); My Special Child by Sinead O'Connor (#96); Runaround by Van Halen (#97); and My Town by Glass Tiger (#98). Both Sides Now was from the movie Switch (1991).

Politics and government
Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as general secretary of the Soviet Communist party, five days after a failed coup attempt against him.

Europeana
Ukraine declared her independence from the U.S.S.R.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Because You Loved Me/The Power of the Dream--Celine Dion (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Wannabe--Spice Girls (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Wannabe--Spice Girls (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
2 Twisted--Keith Sweat
3 C'mon n' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ’s
4 I Love You Always Forever--Donna Lewis
5 Change the World--Eric Clapton
6 Loungin--LL Cool J
7 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
8 I Can't Sleep (If I)--R. Kelly
9 Who Will Save Your Soul--Jewel
10 You Learn/You Oughta Know--Alanis Morisette

Singles entering the chart were Hit Me Off by New Edition (#24); It's All Coming Back to Me Now by Celine Dion (#30); Who You Are by Pearl Jam (#48); Touch Myself by T-Boz (#50); Wu-Wear: The Garment Renaissance by RZA featuring Method Man & Cappadonna (#57); Last Night by Az Yet (#59); Use Your Heart by SWV (#82); and If Your Girl Only Knew by Aaliyah (#92).

Football
CFL
Ottawa (1-8) 21 @ Toronto (8-1) 28

Doug Flutie passed for 415 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the Argonauts over the Rough Riders before 17,182 fans at SkyDome. Ottawa quarterback David Archer passed for 312 yards and 3 touchdowns.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Rocco Petrone, 80
. U.S. rocket engineer. Mr. Petrone was a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army who helped to develop the Redstone rocket in the 1950s. He joined the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in 1960, and helped to design the Saturn V rocket in the 1960s. Mr. Petrone directed launch operations at the Kennedy Space Center from 1966-1969 before directing the Apollo program and then serving as director of NASA's Marshall Flight Center from 1973-1974.

Space
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefined the term "planet" such that Pluto was now considered a dwarf planet.

Football
CFL
Calgary (6-4) 41 @ Montreal (7-3) 23

Henry Burris passed for 285 yards and 3 touchdowns, and Sandro DeAngelis added 4 field goals as the Stampeders beat the Alouettes before a sellout crowd of 20,202 at Molson Stadium.

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