210 years ago
The United States Congress organized the Michigan Territory.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Paul Boffa. Prime Minister of Malta, 1947-1950. Sir Paul joined the Labour Party in 1923, and became the party's leader in 1927. When the Labour Party won the 1947 general election, Sir Paul served as Prime Minister until Labour lost the 1950 election, and kept his seat in parliament until his retirement in 1955. Sir Paul died on July 6, 1962, six days after his 72nd birthday.
110 years ago
The German journal Annalen der Physik published the article On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies by Albert Einstein, in which he introduced his theory of special relativity.
80 years ago
The Detroit Tigers swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Browns at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis by scores of 18-1 and 11-6. Detroit leadoff hitter Pete Fox had 3 hits, including a grand slam, scored 4 runs, and drove in 6 in the first game. He followed that with 5 hits, 4 runs, and 4 RBIs in the second game. Schoolboy Rowe and General Crowder were the respective winning pitchers.
Hal Lee batted 4 for 5 with 2 triples, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in as the Boston Braves beat the Philadelphia Phillies 9-3 in the first game of a doubleheader at Braves Field. Syl Johnson won his 8th straight game as the Phillies won the second game 15-5.
The Philadelphia Athletics hit 4 consecutive singles with none out in the bottom of the 9th to score 2 runs to defeat the Boston Red Sox 10-9 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Red Sox had scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th to take a 9-8 lead.
75 years ago
Politics and government
The government of France moved from Bordeaux to Clermont-Ferrand.
The Republican National Convention, in its closing session in Philadelphia, nominated U.S. Senator Charles McNary (Oregon) as the vice presidential running mate of the party's 1940 candidate for President of the United States, New York lawyer Wendell Willkie.
German decrees published in Paris provided the death penalty for any act of violence against the occupying German forces.
70 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): It Could Happen to You--Bing Crosby; Dinah Shore (1st month at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sentimental Journey--Les Brown and his Band of Renown (5th week at #1)
American patrols completed their occupation of Kume Island, westernmost of the Okinawa group. Chinese troops captured he burning city of Luchow in the province of Kwangsi.
A Tokyo broadcast said that the Japanese had changed the name of Anham, French Indochina to Vietnam.
Chinese Premier T.V. Soong arrived in Moscow to confer with Soviet dictator Josef Stalin.
Politics and government
Clinton Anderson, Lewis Schwellenbach, Thomas Clark, and Robert Hannegan were sworn in respectively as U.S. Secretary of Agriculture; Secretary of Labor; Attorney General; and Postmaster General. U.S. President Harry Truman nominated James Byrnes to be Secretary of State to replace Edward Stettinius, who had resigned in order to head the U.S. delegation to the United Nations.
U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities member John Rankin (Democrat--Mississippi) charged that Hollywood "is the greatest hotbed of subversive activities" in the United States.
The U.S. Senate passed the bill to continue the Fair Employment Practices Commission, allocating it $250,000.
60 years ago
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ganz Paris träumt von der Liebe--Caterina Valente (4th month at #1)
50 years ago
At the movies
Tickle Me, starring Elvis Presley, Julie Adams, and Jocelyn Lane, opened in theatres.
Died on this date
William Dudley Pelley, 75. U.S. writer and political activist. Mr. Pelley was a journalist and writer of novels, short stories, and screenplays, who claimed to have a near-death experience in 1928 in which he saw God and Jesus Christ and received a commission to undertake the spiritual transformation of America. His travels in Russia as a correspondent during the Russian Civil War had left him with a hatred of Communism, and the beginning of the Depression in 1929 and Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany in 1933 led Mr. Pelley to create the Silver Legion of America, also known as "Silver Shirts," an extremist organization whose ideology included anti-Semitism, isolationism, pyramidology, and British Israelism. Mr. Pelley founded the Christian Party and ran as its candidate for President of the United States in 1936. Mr. Pelley's criticism of the U.S. administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, especially in the aftermath of the December 7, 1941 attack by Japanese forces on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, led to charges of high treason and sedition against Mr. Pelley. The Silver Legion disappeared into obscurity as Mr. Pelley was imprisoned until being granted parole in 1952. Mr. Pelley became increasingly obscure as the years went on, and was almost completely forgotten by the time of his death.
The Beatles continued their European tour with a concert at Palais des Expositions in Nice.
Atlanta was awarded a franchise, with Rankin Smith as owner, to begin play in the 1966 season.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): January--Pilot (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kakkoman Boogie / Minato no Yoko Yokohama Yokosuka--Down Town Boogie Woogie Band (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Bella Sin Alma--Richard Cocciante (2nd week at #1)
On television today
Summer of '75, on CBC
This daytime talk show ran during the summer in the time slot formerly occupied by Elwood Glover's Luncheon Date, which had broadcast its last program three days earlier. In honour of International Women's Year, Summer of '75 was hosted by various women for a week at a time, with actress Jayne Eastwood hosting the first week.
Died on this date
Charles Roberts, 22. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Roberts was drafted by the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1970, but began his professional career with the Chicago White Sox' farm team in the Rookie classification Gulf Coast League in 1971, playing 1 game with them before playing 8 games with the St. Louis Cardinals' team in the same league; both teams were based in Bradenton, Florida. He started 6 of his 9 games, posting a record of 0-3 with an earned run average of 2.93, with 34 strikeouts in 43 innings, and batting .214 with a double and a run batted in. Mr. Roberts played just once after that, appearing with the St. Petersburg Cardinals of the Class A Florida State League in 1973, and striking out the only 2 batters he faced. Mr. Roberts was shot to death at the home of a relative in Seattle.
Carlos Monzon (84-3-9) retained his world middleweight title with a technical knockout of Tony Licata (49-2-3) at 2:43 of the 10th round. On the same card, Victor Galindez (38-6-4) retained his World Boxing Association world light heavyweight title with a unanimous 15-round decision over Jorge Victor Ahumada (41-7-2) at Madison Square Garden in New York. It was Mr. Galindez's fourth victory in five fights against Mr. Ahumada.
The Atlanta Braves purchased pitcher Bruce Dal Canton from the Kansas City Royals, with the transaction to be completed later. He was 0-2 with an earned run average of 15.00 in 4 games with Kansas City in 1975.
The California Angels released catcher Tom Egan, ending his career. Mr. Egan was batting .229 with no home runs and 3 runs batted in in 28 games with the Angels in 1975. In 11 major league seasons with the Angels and Chicago White Sox, Mr. Egan batted .200 with 22 home runs and 91 runs batted in in 373 games.
The Cleveland Indians signed first baseman and catcher Bill Sudakis, a week after he had been released by the California Angels; to make room for him, the Indians released first baseman Tom McCraw and signed him as a coach. Mr. Sudakis had batted just .121 with 1 home run and 6 runs batted in in 30 games with the Angels in 1975. Mr. McCraw was batting .275 with 2 homers and 5 RBIs in 23 games.
The Portland Mavericks defeated the Bellingham Dodgers 8-3 in a Northwest League game before 16,464 fans at Civic Stadium in Portland, which was believed to be a record crowd for a Class A game.
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): That Ole Devil Called Love--Alison Moyet (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Éthiopie--Chanteurs sans Frontières (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: 19--Paul Hardcastle (3rd week at #1)
Died on this date
Haruo Remeliik, 52. 1st President of Palau, 1981-1985. Mr. Remeliik was President of the Republic of Palau until he was shot to death in the driveway of his home by an unknown assailant. Vice President Thomas Remengesau briefly replaced him as acting President.
All 39 captives from the hijacked TWA Flight 847 being held by the Shia Muslim Amal in Lebanon were released after almost three weeks of captivity, after intervention by Syrian President Hafez al-Assad.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Nichiyōbi--Jitterin' Jinn
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un' Estate Italiana--Edoardo Bennato; Gianna Nannini (8th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Infinity--Guru Josh (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): What's a Woman?--Vaya con Dios (6th week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Maldòn--Zouk Machine (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What's a Woman?--Vaya con Dios (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: Sacrifice/Healing Hands--Elton John (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Step by Step--New Kids on the Block
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Step By Step--New Kids on the Block (2nd week at #1)
2 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
3 Poison--Bell Biv DeVoe
4 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
5 Ready Or Not--After 7
6 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
7 Hold On--En Vogue
8 I’ll Be Your Shelter--Taylor Dayne
10 U Can’t Touch This--M.C. Hammer
Singles entering the chart were Release Me by Wilson Phillips (#54); Jerk-Out by the Time (#57); The Girl I Used to Know by Brother Beyond (#59); Have You Seen Her by M.C. Hammer (#63); Cuts Both Ways by Gloria Estefan (#67); We're All in the Same Gang by West Coast Rap All-Stars (#72); Talk to Me by Anita Baker (#76); and I Melt with You by Modern English (#85).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Vogue--Madonna (3rd week at #1)
2 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
3 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
4 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
5 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
6 Baby It's Tonight--Jude Cole
7 Step by Step--New Kids on the Block
8 Dangerous Times--Sue Medley
9 Children of the Night--Richard Marx
10 Cradle of Love--Billy Idol
Singles entering the chart were Child of the Wild Blue Yonder by John Hiatt (#67); Haunted Heart by Alias (#75); Your Ma Said You Cried in Your Sleep Last Night by Robert Plant (#80); Walk on the Wild Side by Layman Twaist (#82); I Didn't Want to Need You by Heart (#83); 'Cause Cheap is How I Feel by Cowboy Junkies (#88); Bang On by Sheree (#89); Hanky Panky by Madonna (#92); Through the Test of Time by Patti Austin (#97); and Licence to Love by Andy Curran (#98).
South African Communist terrorist Nelson Mandela ended his tour of the United States after visiting New York; Washington; Atlanta; Miami; Detroit; Los Angeles; and Oakland.
Chief Justice Brian Dickson retired from the Supreme Court of Canada; he joined the Court in 1973, and replaced Bora Laskin as Chief Justice in 1984.
The New York Yankees, who had lost 1-0 to the Chicago White Sox the previous day, scored 4 runs in the top of the 1st inning and went on to beat the White Sox 10-7 before 38,078 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Jim Leyritz hit 2 home runs and a single for the Yankees, who outhit the White Sox 16-14. Sammy Sosa homered and tripled for Chicago.
20 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wish You were Here--Rednex
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Se på mej-Jan Johansen (9th week at #1)
At the movies
Apollo 13, directed by Ron Howard and starring Tom Hanks, Kevin Bacon, Bill Paxton, Gary Sinise, and Ed Harris, opened in theatres.
Died on this date
Gale Gordon, 89. U.S. actor. Mr. Gordon, born Charles Thomas Aldrich, Jr., was a popular character actor in radio from the 1930s through the 1950s before achieving success in television. He played Madison High School principal Osgood Conklin on the radio (1948-1957) and television (1952-1956) comedy series Our Miss Brooks. He was probably best known for his roles in support of Lucille Ball in the television comedy series The Lucy Show (1963-1968) and Here's Lucy (1968-1974), and also appeared in Life with Lucy (1986).
Georgy Beregovoy, 74. Soviet cosmonaut. Lieutenant General Beregovoy became the oldest man yet to go into space when, at the age of 47, he flew the Soyuz 3 mission from October 26-30, 1968.
Phyllis Hyman, 45. U.S. singer and actress. Miss Hyman was a jazz singer who had some success on the rhythm and blues charts with several albums and singles from the late 1970s through the early 1990s. She also appeared in several movies and Broadway musicals. Miss Hyman committed suicide with an overdose of pills, six days before her 46th birthday.
Politics and government
Russian President Boris Yeltsin dismissed three of his cabinet ministers for their alleged failures in connection with the crisis in the town of Budyonnovsk, where Chechen rebels had taken almost 2,000 hostages in a hospital, agreeing on June 19 to free them as part of the beginning of peace talks.
Hamilton (1-0) 37 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 16
Baltimore (0-1) 34 @ British Columbia (1-0) 37
Anthony Calvillo, playing his first game in a Hamilton uniform, completed touchdown passes of 17 yards to Earl Winfield and 73 yards to Kalin Hall, and handed off to Mr. Hall an Lee Knight for touchdowns as the Tiger-Cats beat the Roughriders before 23,396 fans at Taylor Field in Regina.
Cory Philpot rushed 2 yards for his third touchdown of the game with 15 seconds remaining in regulation time to give the Lions their win over the Stallions before 23,999 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver in a rematch of the 1994 Grey Cup teams.
10 years ago
Spain legalized sodomite/lesbian marriage.
Edmonton (2-0) 27 @ Winnipeg (0-2) 8
Mike Bradley rushed 60 yards for a touchdown in the 1st quarter and Ricky Ray completed a team-record 105-yard touchdown pass to Jason Tucker early in the 3rd quarter as the Eskimos defeated the Blue Bombers before 22,087 fans at Canad Inns Stadium. Mr. Ray completed 28 of 40 passes for 469 yards, and added a 19-yard TD pass to Mookie Mitchell with 2:10 remaining in the game.
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