Friday, 19 June 2015

June 19, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Michael Martin!

200 years ago
1815


Born on this date
Cornelius Krieghoff
. Netherlands-born Canadian painter. Mr. Krieghoff, who moved to New York in 1836 and Montreal about 10 years later, was known for his paintings of Canadian landscapes and outdoor winter scenes. He moved to Chicago to retire and died there on April 8, 1872 at the age of 56.

150 years ago
1865


Born on this date
May Whitty
. U.K. actress. Dame May appeared in numerous plays before becoming a movie actress, where she was known for her roles in such films as Night Must Fall (1937); The Lady Vanishes (1938); Suspicion (1941); Mrs. Miniver (1942); and Gaslight (1944). She died on May 29, 1948 at the age of 82.

Society
Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas were finally informed by General Gordon Granger of their freedom. The anniversary is still officially celebrated in Texas and 41 other contiguous states as Juneteenth.

130 years ago
1885


Americana
The Statue of Liberty arrived at its permanent home at Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor aboard the French frigate Isere.

125 years ago
1890

Baseball

In Players League games, the Chicago Pirates beat the Cleveland Infants 20-9 in Chicago; the New York Giants beat the Philadelphia Quakers 12-2 at Brotherhood Park in New York; and the Pittsburg Burghers routed the Buffalo Bisons 19-6 at Exposition Park in Pittsburgh.

The Philadelphia Athletics routed the Syracuse Stars 20-2 in an American Association game at Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Pat Buttram
. U.S. actor. Mr. Buttram specialized in playing "hayseed" rural characters, and was best known as Mr. Haney in the television comedy series Green Acres (1965-1971). He died on January 8, 1994 at the age of 78.

Basketball
Graduates of McDougall Commercial High School in Edmonton started the Commercial Graduates Basketball Club, later the Edmonton Grads; over the next 25 years they won 502 of 522 games.

75 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Maurice Jaubert, 40
. French composer. Mr. Jaubert wrote music for stage and screen. He died as a result of wounds suffered in combat at Azerailles, near Baccarat.

War
Spanish dictator Generalissimo Francisco Franco secretly offered to join the European wa on Germany's side if Spain were given Gibraltar, French Morocco, and other territory in Africa. Advancing German forces in France occupied Cherbourg and Brest. French resistance leader General Charles de Gaulle urged the French commander in North Africa, General Auguste Nogues, to place himself at the head of a colonial resistance movement. The United Kingdom organized an evacuation of children to Canada. Canada and Britain planned steps to be taken if the Royal Navy were forced to withdraw to Canada. Japanese military authorities demanded that the U.K. close off the Burma Road to China and the Hong Kong frontier.

Diplomacy
Calling for a conference of the foreign ministers of the American republics, the United States again warned the Axis powers to stay out of the Western Hemisphere.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate approved and sent to conference the $1-billion tax bill, which authorized an increase in the national debt to $49 billion.

70 years ago
1945


War
At the southern tip of Okinawa, U.S. troops pushing to the sea cut Japanese forces into two groups.

Diplomacy
The Big Five nations agreed that enemy nations of World War II could not participate in the United Nations until a Security Council vote invited them.

Americana
U.S. President Harry Truman on his way to address the final session of the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco, stopped at McChord Field in the state of Washington. It was the first time an American President had used air transportation to travel within the country.

Politics and government
U.S. President Harry Truman asked Congress to pass a bill changing the Presidential Succession Actof 1886 to make the Speaker of the House of Representatives next in line after the Vice President.

The U.S. Senate Appropriations Committee voted to raise congressional salaries from $10,000-$15,000.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley

#1 single in France: La Nuit--Salvatore Adamo (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un anno d'amore--Mina (12th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heute male ich dein Bild, Cindy Lou--Drafi Deutscher

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ticket to Ride--The Beatles (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)--The Four Tops

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)--The Four Tops
2 Wooly Bully--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
3 Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds
4 Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys
5 Wonderful World--Herman's Hermits
6 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
7 Back in My Arms Again--The Supremes
8 For Your Love--The Yardbirds
9 Just a Little--The Beau Brummels
10 Ticket to Ride--The Beatles

Singles entering the chart were Sunshine, Lollipops and Rainbows by Lesley Gore (#79); Ride Your Pony by Lee Dorsey (#82); I Want Candy by the Strangeloves (#86); My Cherie by Al Martino (#87); Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me by Mel Carter (#88); It Feels So Right by Elvis Presley (#89); Lip Sync (To the Tongue Twisters) by Len Barry (#95); New Orleans by Eddie Hodges (#97); Don't Just Stand There by Patty Duke (#98); Trains and Boats and Planes by Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas (#99); and No Pity (In the Naked City) by Jackie Wilson (#100). Sunshine, Lollipops and Rainbows, with music by Marvin Hamlisch, was featured in the movie Ski Party (1965).

Politics and government
Algerian Defense Minister Colonel Houari Boumedienne deposed President Ahmed Ben Bella and seized power in a bloodless coup in Algiers. In assuming the presidency of a 26-member National Revolutionary Council, Col. Boumedienne delegated authority to a 20-member cabinet, including 10 holdovers from the regime of Mr. Ben Bella. Col. Boumedienne called for cooperation with all nations; socil and economic development; and the rebuilding of the National Liberation Front (FLN) as a dynamic force in the nation.

Air Vice-Marshal Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, leading a military junta, replaced Phan Huy Quat as Prime Minister of South Vietnam. General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu became the figurehead chief of state.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Three Steps to Heaven--Showaddywaddy

Died on this date
Sam Giancana, 67
. U.S. gangster. Mr. Giancana was boss of the Chicago Outfit from 1957–1966. He was accused of involvement with Central Intelligence Agency plans to assassinate Cuban dictator Fidel Castro in the early 1960s. Mr. Giancana was also acquainted with celebrities such as Frank Sinatra, and and a relationship with singer Phyllis McGuire. Another alleged mistress, Judith Campbell Exner, claimed to have acted as a go-between with Mr. Giancana and U.S. President John F. Kennedy. Mr. Giancana was deposed as head of the Chicago Outfit in 1966 while serving a one-year prison sentence, and lived in exile in Mexico until being deported to the U.S. in 1974. He was shot to death in his home, four days after his 67th birthday and shortly before he was to appear before the United States Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities--better known as the Church Committee--that was investigating allegations of CIA and Mafia collusion in the 1963 assassination of President Kennedy. Several people have been named as possibly being involved in Mr. Giancana's murder.

World events
The World Conference on International Women's Year opened in Mexico City.

Politics and government
Constantine Tsatsos was elected President of Greece by the new parliament.

Crime
An inquest jury in England convicted Lord Lucan in absentia of the November 1974 murder of Sandra Rivett, his children's nanny.

Golf
Pat Fitzsimons and Tom Watson both shot 4-under-par 67 to share the lead after the first round of the U.S. Open at Medinah Country Club in Medinah, Illinois.

Baseball
The New York Mets released righthanded pitcher Gary Gentry, the day after he'd torn a muscle in his right elbow on just the third pitch of his first appearance with the Jackson Mets of the AA Texas League in an attempt at a comeback. Mr. Gentry pitched for the New York Mets from 1969-1972 before being traded to the Atlanta Braves, with whom he spent much of his time from 1973-1975 on the disabled list. He had already gone through two elbow operations when the Braves released him on May 8, 1975; he as signed by the Mets on May 29.

Doubles by Dave Cash, Johnny Oates, and Ollie Brown in the top of the 14th inning produced 3 runs as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Chicago Cubs 6-3 before 15,170 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Gary Carter singled home Dale Murray with the bases loaded and 1 out in the bottom of the 13th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 3-2 win over the New York Mets before 12,426 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal. The single was Mr. Carter's fourth of the game in 6 at bats. Mr. Murray, who pitched the final 2 innings, was the winning pitcher. Jerry Koosman pitched the first 10 innings for New York, allowing 7 hits and 2 earned runs; he also doubled and scored in the 6th inning.

Jerry Reuss celebrated his 26th birthday by pitching a 6-hit shutout and hitting a single as the Pittsburgh Pirates blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 5-0 before 8,198 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Losing pitcher John Curtis also pitched a complete game, allowing 6 hits and 3 earned runs in 8 innings. The game was played in 1 hour and 40 minutes.

Bill Plummer drove in 4 runs with a home run and a single as the Cincinnati Reds defeated their AAA American Association affiliate, the Indianapolis Indians, 5-3 before 11,748 fans in an exhibition game at Bush Stadium in Indianapolis. Joel Youngblood homered for the Indians. Pat Darcy won the pitchers' duel over Dick Baney.

30 years ago
1985


Terrorism
Members of the Revolutionary Party of Central American Workers, dressed as Salvadoran soldiers, attacked the Zona Rosa area of San Salvador. 12 people--4 United States Marines; 2 United States businessmen; a Guatemalan; a Chilean; and 4 Salvadorans--were killed.

Baseball
Baseball Commissioner Peter Ueberroth announced that, starting in August, minor league players would be subject to mandatory testing for cocaine‚ amphetamines‚ marijuana‚ heroin‚ and morphine. Major league officials would be subject to the same program, but not major league players. Mr. Ueberroth hoped they would voluntarily comply.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Doubleback--ZZ Top (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Recently-released South African Communist terrorist and anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela addressed the Canadian parliament in Ottawa, and met with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

Law
Norway became the first nation to ratify the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989, the current international law defending indigenous peoples.

Politics and government
The Communist Party of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was founded in Moscow.

Protest
Protesters, mainly sodomites organized by the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT-UP), demonstrated outside the 6th annual International AIDS Conference in San Francisco on the eve of the conference’s opening. The protesters were primarily concerned about the slow pace of testing anti-AIDS drugs and by the shortage of money for research and treatment. Of course, the sodomites weren’t interested in slowing the spread of the disease by curbing their ungodly behaviour.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Scream/Childhood--Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson (4th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)
2 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
3 No More "I Love You's"--Annie Lennox
4 Can't Stop Lovin' You--Van Halen
5 Lightning Crashes--Live
6 December--Collective Soul
7 Secret Garden--Bruce Springsteen
8 Believe--Elton John
9 I Believe--Blessid Union of Souls
10 This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan

Singles entering the chart were Made in England by Elton John (#50); What Do You Want from Me by Pink Floyd (#60); Rainbow by Kim Mitchell (#61); Learn to Be Still by the Eagles (#77); and Big Sky by Hemingway Corner (#90).

Died on this date
Peter Townsend, 80
. Burmese-born U.K. military officer. Group Captain Townsend served in the Royal Air Force from 1933-1944. He served as equerry to King George VI from 1944-1952 and Queen Elizabeth II from 1952-1953. It was in his service to the king that he met Princess Margaret, and the two had a romantic relationship. G.C. Townsend divorced his wife in 1952 and proposed marriage to the princess, but the relationship was disapproved of by the royal household, especially after Princess Margaret's older sister Elizabeth acceded to the throne in 1952. Princess Margaret refused to renounce her royal privileges and eventually broke off the relationship with G.C. Townsend, who became an author of non-fiction books.

Edmontonia
Work began on the Winspear Centre for Music, with the concert hall's benefactor, 91-year-old millionaire Francis Winspear, throwing the first shovelful of cement.

War
Chechen rebel Shamil Basayev concluded two days of talks with Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin by agreeing to free about 2,000 hostages fro a hospital in the town of Budyonnovsk, while Mr. Chernomyrdin agreed to a cease-fire in Chechnya and agreed to begin peace talks with Chechen leader Dzhokhar Dudayev. The talks began in Grozny.

10 years ago
2005


Golf
Michael Campbell of New Zealand won the U.S. Open at Pinehurst Resort Course No. 2 in Pinehurst, North Carolina with an even par score of 280, 2 strokes ahead of Tiger Woods. Retief Goosen, leading by 3 strokes after 3 rounds, lost 6 strokes in the first 9 holes, and shot an 11-over-par 81.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
San Antonio 96 @ Detroit 95 (OT) (San Antonio led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Robert Horry's 3-point field goal in the final seconds of overtime game the Spurs their win over the Pistons before 22,076 fans at the Palace at Auburn Hills, Michigan. The winning shot came after Detroit's Chauncey Billups had missed a layup with 9 seconds left and the Pistons leading 95-93. Mr. Billups led all scorers with 34 points and added 7 assists. Tim Duncan led the Spurs with 26 points and 19 rebounds, while Manu Ginobili had 9 assists, including one on the winning field goal. Mr. Horry, who entered the game as a substitute, was 5 for 6 in 3-point attempts and finished with 21 points, although he didn't score at all until late in the 3rd quarter.

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