Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry Holden!
450 years ago
Died on this date
Turgut Reis, 79 or 80. Ottoman military officer. Turgut Reis, also known as Dragut, was an admiral who helped to extend the maritime power of the Ottoman Empire. He died six days after being wounded during the Siege of Malta.
170 years ago
A joint resolution of the Congress of Texas voted in favour of annexation by the United States.
150 years ago
At Doaksville in the Choctaw Nation in what is now Oklahoma, Brigadier General Stand Watie signed a cease-fire agreement with Union Army representatives for his command, the First Indian Brigade of the Army of the Trans-Mississippi. He was the last Confederate Army general in the field to surrender in the U.S. Civil War.
90 years ago
Seven mountaineers first climbed Mount Logan, Canada's highest peak, in the St. Elias Range on the Yukon- Alaska border.
80 years ago
Dizzy Dean pitched an 8-hit complete game and batted 3 for 5 with a double, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the St. Louis Cardinals routed the Brooklyn Dodgers 16-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 20,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Danny Taylor drove in 3 runs with a double and a 2-run home run as the Dodgers won the second game 10-6. Dazzy Vance picked up his 197th and last career major league win, allowing 5 hits in 5 1/3 innings in relief of starting pitcher Les Munns.
The Washington Nationals drew 11 bases on balls as they defeated the Detroit Tigers 12-7 at Navin Field in Detroit. Hank Greenberg hit a grand slam in the 9th inning for the Tigers.
The Philadelphia Athletics swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Browns 11-7 and 13-3 before 7,500 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Heinie Mueller came to bat as a pinch hitter in the 7th inning of the second game and grounded into a force play, marking the end of his 11-year major league career.
Former Sing Sing inmate Alabama Pitts made his International League debut with the Albany Senators in a doubleheader against the Syracuse Chiefs. He made 2 hits and 2 spectacular catches in center field in the first game, and went hitless in the second game. Albany manager Johnny Evers said, "I tell you he's a sure shot for the big leagues."
75 years ago
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler paid his only visit to Paris in now Nazi-occupied France. At the Villa Incisa near Rome, French delegates considered Italy's peace proposals.
The United Kingdom withdrew recognition of the French government led by Prime Minister Philippe Petain.
Politics and government
The Egyptian cabinet of Prime Minister Aly Maher Pasha submitted its recognition to King Farouk.
56,659 were in attendance at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland to see the Indians and Boston Red Sox split a doubleheader. The Indians won the opener 4-1, aided by an inside-the-park home run when Boston outfielders Ted Williams and Doc Cramer collided going after the ball, and Mr. Williams was knocked unconscious. Jim Tabor hit 2 solo home runs in the second game to give the Red Sox a 2-0 win.
The Washington Nationals overcame an early 4-0 deficit to defeat the St. Louis Browns 12-5 in the first game of a doubleheader before 4,447 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Browns won the second game 3-2, with the game being called after 6 1/2 innings.
Johnny Rizzo hit a home run in each game, but his Philadelphia Phillies still lost a doubleheader 3-2 and 7-2 to the Chicago Cubs before 12,201 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.
The Cincinnati Reds scored 5 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the New York Giants 7-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 52,657 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Junior Thompson pitched a 3-hit shutout as the Reds won 2-0 in the second game to complete the sweep.
The Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 8-5 in the first game of a doubleheader before 24,239 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. The Pirates made 5 errors in the second game, which was called because of darkness after 13 innings with the score tied 4-4.
The Boston Bees made 12 hits in each game as they swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Cardinals 7-5 and 10-5 before 10,342 fans at National League Park in Boston.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sentimental Journey--Les Brown and his Band of Renown (5th week at #1)
F. Hugh Herbert's play Kiss and Tell closed at the Bijou Theatre after 956 performances on Broadway in New York City, beginning on March 17, 1943.
Died on this date
Simon Lake, 78. U.S. inventor. Mr. Lake was known as the father of the modern submarine, having built his first sub in 1894 in response to a request from the United States Navy.
Giuseppina Tuissi, 22. Italian political activist. Miss Tuissi was a Communist who played a role in the capture and execution of Italian Duce Benito Mussolini and his mistess Clara Petacci. Miss Tuissi was detained and tortured by Italian authorities early in 1945, and was later suspected of betraying names of fellow partisans during her detention. She disappeared on her 22nd birthday and was presumed to have been killed, with her body thrown into Lake Como near Cernobbio.
Emperor Hirohito told the Japanese people that the present crisis was the worst in the nation's history. Using glider planes for the first time in the southwest Pacific, the U.S. 11th Airborne Division landed near Aparri, Luzon to move against 20,000 trapped Japanese troops in the Cagayan Valley.
France announced that its occupation zone in Germany included the southern half of the Saar, Rhineland Palatinate, and most of the province of Baden.
Politics and government
The U.S.S.R. announced the formation of a compromise Polish government, including representatives of exiled London Poles and the Soviet-supported Lublin regime.
The Big Four powers--U.S.A.; U.K.; France; and China--at the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco agreed to allow the new Polish government to sign the world charter.
U.S. President Harry Truman commuted to life imprisonment the death sentences of recently convicted spies Erich Gimpel and William Colepaugh.
Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Office of Price Administration bill with amendments giving power over food to the Secretary of Agriculture, including OPA ceilings and regulations.
Babe Didrikson Zaharias won the Western Women's Open for the third time, defeating Dorothy Germain in Indianapolis.
60 years ago
Floyd Patterson (22-1) scored a knockout over Yvon Durelle (56-13-1) when Mr. Durelle failed to answer the bell to begin the 6th round of their light heavyweight bout in Newcastle, New Brunswick.
50 years ago
At the movies
Von Ryan's Express, starring Frank Sinatra and Trevor Howard, opened in theatres.
Queen Elizabeth II arrived in Toronto with Queen Mother Elizabeth to begin a five-day visit to Canada.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): January--Pilot (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kakkoman Boogie / Minato no Yoko Yokohama Yokosuka--Down Town Boogie Woogie Band
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Bella Sin Alma--Richard Cocciante
Died on this date
Marty Callaghan, 75. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Callaghan was an outfielder with the Chicago Cubs (1922-1923) and Cincinnati Reds (1928, 1930), batting .267 with no home runs and 74 runs batted in in 295 games. On August 25, 1922, he batted 3 times in the 4th inning of the Cubs 26-23 win over the Philadelphia Phillies, hitting 2 singles and striking out. Mr. Callaghan spent 9 seasons in the minor leagues from 1920-1934, batting .308 with 25 home runs in 1,144 games. He died two weeks after his 75th birthday.
Lou Graham shot an even par 71 to defeat John Mahaffey by 2 strokes in an 18-hole playoff to win the U.S. Open at Medinah Country Club in Medinah, Illinois. First prize money was $40,000.
The California Angels released first baseman and catcher Bill Sudakis, who was batting .121 with 1 home run and 6 runs batted in in 30 games in 1975.
The St. Louis Cardinals swept a twi-night doubleheader from the New York Mets by scores of 1-0 and 4-0 before 32,719 fans at Shea Stadium in New York, extending the Mets' scoreless streak to 35 innings. Ron Reed pitched a 7-hit shutout in the opener to win the pitchers' duel over Hank Webb, who allowed just 4 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings. John Denny pitched a 5-hit shutout in the second game to win the pitchers' duel over George Stone, who allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in 7 1/3 innings. All the scoring came when Bob Apodaca relieved Mr. Stone, and pinch hitter Ted Simmons hit a grand slam. The second game was played in 1 hour and 59 minutes.
Ray Burris pitched a 7-hit shutout and had 2 singles and a run batted in of his own as the Chicago Cubs blanked the Montreal Expos 6-0 before 12,281 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal.
Johnny Bench, playing right field instead of catching, batted in 4 runs with a double and a 3-run home run as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Atlanta Braves 8-4 before 8,537 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Bill Plummer filled in for Mr. Bench behind the plate and drove in 3 runs with a 2-run homer--his first of the season--and a single.
The Houston Astros scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 2nd inning--3 on a home run by Bob Watson--and held on to edge the Los Angeles Dodgers 6-5 before 12,472 fans at the Astrodome.
Willie McCovey hit a 3-run home run in the bottom of the 1st inning and drove in the winning run with a ground out in the 7th as the San Diego Padres edged the San Francisco Giants 7-6 before 6,999 fans at San Diego Stadium.
In what was probably the best game of his career, light-hitting shortstop Frank Duffy batted 4 for 5 with 2 doubles and his first home run of the season, scoring a run and driving in 5, as the Cleveland Indians beat the Boston Red Sox 11-3 before 19,591 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Cleveland manager and designated hitter Frank Robinson batted in 3 runs with a solo homer and a 2-run single. Carlton Fisk started the game behind the plate for the Red Sox, playing his first regular season game since suffering a serious knee injury on June 28, 1974 and a broken arm in a spring training game in March 1975.
George Medich pitched an 8-hit complete game victory and Thurman Munson had 3 hits and drove in 3 runs with a 2-run home run and a single as the New York Yankees beat the Baltimore Orioles 6-1 before 15,237 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.
Hank Aaron batted 4 for 5 with a triple, a run, and 2 runs batted in as the Milwaukee Brewers defeated the Detroit Tigers 8-4 before 10,945 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.
Cesar Tovar singled home Roy Smalley with 2 out in the top of the 13th inning for the game's only run as the Texas Rangers edged the California Angels 1-0 before 27,182 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Steve Hargan pitched the first 11 1/3 innings for Texas, allowing 8 hits; Jim Umbarger allowed 1 hit in 1 2/3 innings to get the win. California starter Bill Singer allowed just 1 hit-a double by Jim Spencer in the 2nd--in 11 innings. Don Kirkwood allowed 2 hits in 2 innings to take the loss, but the run was unearned, as an errant thrown by California shortstop Orlando Ramirez on a relay in an attempt to get a double play allowed Mr. Smalley to advance to second base. Mr. Smalley went to third base when Jim Sundberg flied to right fielder Leroy Stanton for the inning's second out. Mr. Tovar then drove in the Rangers' first run in 23 innings.
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): That Ole Devil Called Love--Alison Moyet (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Éthiopie--Chanteurs sans Frontières (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: 19--Paul Hardcastle (2nd week at #1)
A bomb planted aboard an Air India jet flying from Toronto to London, England exploded off the coast of Ireland, killing all 329 people on board.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Taiyō no Komachi Angel--B'z
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un' Estate Italiana--Edoardo Bennato; Gianna Nannini (7th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Infinity--Guru Josh (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): What's a Woman?--Vaya con Dios (5th week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Maldòn--Zouk Machine
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What's a Woman?--Vaya con Dios
#1 single in the U.K.: Sacrifice/Healing Hands--Elton John
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It Must Have Been Love--Roxette (2nd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Step By Step--New Kids on the Block
2 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
3 Poison--Bell Biv DeVoe
4 U Can’t Touch This--M.C. Hammer
5 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
6 Ready Or Not--After 7
8 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
9 Hold On--En Vogue
10 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
Singles entering the chart were Hanky Panky by Madonna (#54); I Didn't Want to Need You by Heart (#59); Across the River by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#63); The Other Side by Aerosmith (#65); The Emperor's New Clothes by Sinead O'Connor (#71); The Right Combination by Seiko and Donnie Wahlberg (#80); Don't You Love Me by the 49ers (#82); and Chain of Fools by Little Caesar (#84).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Vogue--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
2 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
3 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
4 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
5 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
6 Baby It's Tonight--Jude Cole
7 Alright--Janet Jackson
8 Dangerous Times--Sue Medley
9 Children of the Night--Richard Marx
10 Cradle of Love--Billy Idol
Singles entering the chart were Across the River by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#51); The Other Kind by Steve Earle (#67); Bang! (Starting Over) by Corey Hart (#76); Don't Go Away Mad (Just Go Away) by Motley Crue (#80); Live it Up by Crosby, Stills & Nash (#81); All We Are by Kim Mitchell (#84); The Storm by Helix (#86); Holy Water by Bad Company (#87); Give it Up by Hothouse Flowers (#91); Knocked Out by Paula Abdul (#92); and The Other Side by Aerosmith (#99).
Politics and government
At the leadership convention of the Liberal Party of Canada in Calgary, Jean Chretien defeated Paul Martin, Jr. 2662 (57%)-1176 (25%) on the first ballot to become the new leader of the party. Sheila Copps was third with 11% of the vote. The vote took place one day after the collapse of the Meech Lake constitutional accord, and Mr. Chretien appealed to Quebeckers not to lose faith in the Canadian federation. Then, directing his remarks to Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Mr. Chretien said, "the Prime Minister must look himself in the mirror and ask if he has the moral authority to govern this country." After Mr. Chretien’s victory was announced, Quebec members of parliament Jean Lapierre and Gilles Rocheleau stormed out of the hall. They subsequently left the Liberal caucus to sit as independents because of Mr. Chretien’s lack of support for the Meech Lake accord.
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, in a nationally-televised address, said that Canadian unity would prevail despite the collapse of the Meech Lake accord: "Canadians have always overcome challenges to our unity and we shall do so again." He urged Canadians to "mend the divisions and heal the wounds" caused by the failure of the accord. Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa announced that he was willing to consider all possible options for Quebec, and that Quebec would not participate in any future first ministers’ conferences.
A report at the 6th International AIDS Conference in San Francisco stated that 30 possible vaccines were being tested around the world.
20 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Mief!--Die Doofen
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Se på mej-Jan Johansen (8th week at #1)
Died on this date
Jonas Salk, 80. U.S. virologist. Dr. Salk became famous for developing the world's first successful inactivated polio vaccine, which was introduced into wide use in 1957.
Anatoli Tarasov, 76. U.S.S.R. hockey coach. Mr. Tarasov, the "father or Russian hockey," was more responsible that anyone else for introducing a style of play that made the Soviet Union the dominant country in international hockey for decades. He was head coach with CSKA Moscow almost continuously from 1946-1975, leading the team to 19 Soviet championships. Mr. Tarasov led the Soviet Union to nine straight world championships and three Winter Olympic gold medals. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1974, becoming the first Soviet so honoured.
Roger Grimsby, 66. U.S. journalist. Mr. Grimsby was a television news anchorman in various locations, but was best known for anchoring Eyewitness News on WABC in New York City from 1968-1986, where he won six Emmy Awards.
10 years ago
Former Ku Klux Klansman Edgar Ray Killen was sentenced to 60 years in prison for the 1964 Mississippi slayings of civil rights workers James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Mickey Schwerner.
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