Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sandie Topechka!
200 years ago
The Final Act of the Congress of Vienna was signed, settling the new European political situation.
Luxembourg declared independence from the French Empire.
150 years ago
Born on this date
Albéric Magnard. French composer. Mr. Magnard wrote four complete symphonies and a number of chamber works. He died on September 3, 1914 at the age of 49 while defending his property from invading German troops early in World War I.
Carl Nielsen. Danish composer. Mr. Nielsen is regarded as Denmark's greatest composer, known for six symphonies, Wind Quintet and concertos for violin, flute and clarinet. He was a violinist, but eventually composed mainly for piano. Mr. Nielsen died of a heart attack on October 3, 1931 at the age of 66.
130 years ago
The Treaty of Tientsin was signed to end the Sino-French War, with China eventually giving up Tonkin and Annam – most of present-day Vietnam – to France.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Leslie Banks. U.K. actor. Mr. Banks appeared in numerous films in the 1930s and '40s, usually as a villain. His movies included The Most Dangerous Game (1932); The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934); Sanders of the River (1935); Jamaica Inn (1939); and The Door with Seven Locks (1940). He died of a stroke at the age of 61 on April 21, 1952.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Jim McDonald. U.S. football player. Mr. McDonald was a halfback and quarterback with Ohio State University from 1935-1937. He was the second player drafted in the 1938 National Football League draft, selected by the Philadelphia Eagles. He didn't make the team, but played with the Detroit Lions from 1938-1939. Mr. McDonald died on May 1, 1997 at the age of 81.
Les Paul. U.S. musician. Mr. Paul, born Lester Polsfuss, was a pioneer in the use of the electric guitar and a major influence on rock and roll. He and his second wife, singer Mary Ford, had a string of hit singles in the early 1950s, including How High the Moon (1951) and Vaya con Dios (1953). Mr. Paul was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988 and the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2005 (for the solid-body electric guitar), and is the only member of both bodies. He died on August 12, 2009 at the age of 94.
80 years ago
The first observations were made at the University of Toronto's David Dunlap Observatory in Richmond Hill, Ontario.
The St. Louis Cardinals scored at least once in all 8 innings in which they batted as they beat the Chicago Cubs 13-2 before 14,500 fans at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis.
75 years ago
Aaron Copland's suite from his score for the movie Our Town received its premiere performance in a radio broadcast on CBS.
German tanks were reported to be within 35 miles of Paris.
Chinese Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. Shao Li-tse arrived in Moscow.
Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities, chaired by Rep. Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas), demanded that President Franklin D. Roosevelt dismiss 563 people in government service who were members of the League for Peace and Democracy, allegedly a Communist organization.
The Cuban Constituent Assembly completed the new constitution, which provided for a parliamentary system with a Prime Minister appointed by the President.
Lawson Little defeated Gene Sarazen in an 18-hole playoff to win the U.S. Open in Cleveland.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sentimental Journey--Les Brown and his Band of Renown (3rd week at #1)
Delayed dispatches from Frankfurt on the Main said that Germany's Nazi regime exterminated at least 80% of the Reich's Jews, and that their program called for killing every remaining Jew in occupied Europe before the summer of 1946. Allied authorities estimated that about 150,000 Germa Jews survived.
Japanese Prime Minister Kantaro Suzuki told the Diet that Japan would "fight to the last." After capturing Ishan on the outskirts of Liuchow, Chinese forces stormed the city's suburbs in the province of Kwangsi.
Politics and government
The government of Argentina announced the release of all political prisoners except "extreme rightists."
The Philippine Congress met in Manila in its first session since the islands' liberation from Japanese occupation.
The U.S.A., U.K., and Yugoslavia reached an agreement for a temporary Allied military administration of the Italian province of Venezia Giulia, including Trieste.
Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman authorized Alien Property Custodian James Markham to seize liquid assets of German and Japanese nationals in the United States and turn the proceeds over to the U.S. Treasury.
The United States Army announced plans to enforce the National War Labor Board's directive to Montgomery Ward and Company to grant its employees back pay and union dues check-off and maintenance of membership privileges.
Track and field
The United States Naval Academy won the NCAA championship in Milwaukee, scoring 62 points to 57 3/4 for the University of Illinois.
Hoop Jr., with Eddie Arcaro aboard, won the 71st running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:07. Pot o' Luck placed second, and Darby Dieppe third. The race took place a month later than usual because of a temporary national wartime ban on horse racing.
50 years ago
The Viet Cong commenced combat with the Army of the Republic of Vietnam in the Battle of Đồng Xoài, one of the largest battles in the Vietnam War.
Politics and government
The civilian Prime Minister of South Vietnam, Phan Huy Quát, resigned after being unable to work with a junta led by Nguyễn Cao Kỳ.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): January--Pilot (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Cyclamen no Kaori--Akira Fuse (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You're The First, The Last, My Everything--Barry White
On the radio
The first live transmission from the British House of Commons was broadcast by British Broadcasting Corporation Radio and commercial stations.
China and the Philippines established diplomatic relations.
Pitcher Dave McNally announced his retirement from the Montreal Expos, the day after losing his sixth straight decision. Mr. McNally had come to the Expos in a trade after the 1974 season, having pitched with the Baltimore Orioles from 1962-1974. Mr. McNally pitched a 2-hit shutout in his major league debut on September 26, 1962, and shut out the Los Angeles Dodgers in the fourth and final game of the 1966 World Series. He hit his peak from 1968-1971, going 87-31 in the regular season in those years and helping the Orioles win the American League pennant in the last three of those years. He left Montreal with a record of 3-6 with an earned run average of 5.26 in 12 games in 1975, and batting .190. Mr. McNally and Los Angeles Dodgers' pitcher Andy Messersmith played the 1975 season without signing a contract, and were testing the legality of the owners' traditional interpretation of the reserve clause, which effectively bound a player to his team in perpetuity. On December 23, 1975, arbitrator Peter Seitz ruled in favour of the players.
The San Francisco Giants scored 4 unearned runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the New York Mets 5-4 before 4,644 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
The Minnesota Twins scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th inning to tie the game and another in the 11th to defeat the Cleveland Indians 11-10 before 6,912 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.
Darrell Porter led off the top of the 9th inning with a home run to give the Milwaukee Brewers a 1-0 win over the Chicago White Sox before 4,949 fans at White Sox Park. Ed Rodriguez, the second of three Milwaukee pitchers, was credited with the win to improve his 1975 record to 5-0.
Joe Rudi singled home Bill North with 1 out in the top of the 15th inning to give the Oakland Athletics a 4-3 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 13,211 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Paul Lindblad, the fourth of five Oakland pitchers, got the win and improved his 1975 record to 4-0; Vida Blue came in from the bullpen to retire Lee May for the final out. Dyar Miller made his major league debut on the mound for Baltimore; he entered the game to begin the 14th inning, and took the loss, allowing 2 hits and an earned run in 1 1/3 innings.
Aguascalientes outfielder Al Crawford was reported to be in critical condition with a fractured skull after being hit by a pitch in a Mexican League game against Cordoba. He recovered and played two more years in the Mexican League.
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
#1 single in France (SNEP): Éthiopie--Chanteurs sans Frontières (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: We are the World--USA for Africa (6th week at #1)
Thomas Sutherland, Dean of Agriculture at the American University of Beirut, was kidnapped in Lebanon by members of Islamic Jihad. He wasn't released until November 18, 1991.
Los Angeles Lakers 111 @ Boston 100 (Los Angeles won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar scored 29 points to lead the Lakers over the Celtics before 14,890 fans at Boston Garden. It was the first time in nine playoff series between the teams that the Lakers had ever beaten the Celtics. Mr. Abdul-Jabbar, who 30.2 points, 11.3 rebounds, 6.5 assists, and 2.0 blocks per game, was named the finals' Most Valuable Player. Boston forward Larry Bird made only 12 of 29 field goal attempts and was suffering from an injured right hand, an injury later revealed to have occurred in a fight with Boston bartender Mike Harlow.
Calgary (0-1) 9 @ British Columbia (1-0) 19
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Jealousy (O nemura sete)--Kyosuko Himuri (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un' Estate Italiana--Edoardo Bennato; Gianna Nannini (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Infinity--Guru Josh
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): What's a Woman?--Vaya con Dios (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Sacrifice--Elton John (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: World in Motion--England New Order
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hold On--Wilson Phillips
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Vogue--Madonna (3rd week at #1)
2 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
3 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
4 Poison--Bell Biv DeVoe
5 Alright--Janet Jackson
6 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
7 U Can't Touch This--M.C. Hammer
8 Sending All My Love--Linear
9 Ooh La La (I Can’t Get Over You)--Perfect Gentlemen
10 Nothing Compares to U--Sinead O’Connor
Singles entering the chart were Possession by Bad English (#59); If Wishes Came True by Sweet Sensation (#64); Could This Be Love by Seduction (#67); Epic by Faith No More (#72); The Blues by Tony! Toni! Tone! (#79); Now You're Gone by Whitesnake (#90); and Bang Bang by Danger Danger (#91).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
3 Nothing Compares to U--Sinead O’Connor
4 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
5 This Old Heart of Mine--Rod Stewart with Ronald Isley
6 Alright--Janet Jackson
7 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
8 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
9 Save Me--Fleetwood Mac
10 Baby It's Tonight--Jude Cole
Singles entering the chart were Sittin' in the Lap of Luxury by Louie, Louie (#69); You Can't Deny It by Lisa Stansfield (#79); Love is Dangerous by Fleetwood Mac (#84); Yeah Yeah Yeah by the Blondes (#86); King of Wishful Thinking by Go West (#87); and Kissing Gate by Sam Brown (#90).
Politics and government
Two days of voting concluded in Czechoslovakia’s first free elections in more than 40 years. Civic Forum--the party of President Vaclav Havel--and Public Against Violence, its sister party in Slovakia, captured 46% of the vote and 170 of 300 seats in the bicameral parliament. The Communist Party finished a distant second with 14% of the vote and 47 seats in the Federal Assembly. The allied parties also ran well ahead in voting for the legislatures of the Czech and Slovak republics.
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the 10 provincial premiers signed a 13-page document that appeared to pave the way for approval of the Meech Lake constitutional accord by the holdout provinces of Manitoba, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland. The new agreement provided for an examination of Senate reform; a commitment to hold aboriginal conferences every three years; and a legal opinion that Quebec’s "distinct society" clause would not override the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Newfoundland Premier Clyde Wells placed an asterisk beside his signature to indicate his intention to let the people of Newfoundland decide on the issue.
Nelson Mandela, one of the 20th Century’s most overrated people, began a one-week European tour featuring meetings with the leaders of Switzerland, West Germany, France, Italy, and the Netherlands. The leaders he met included Pope John Paul II and West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
Go and Go, with Michael Kinane aboard, won the 122nd running of the Belmont Stakes at Belmont Park in New York in a time of 2:27 1/5.
20 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Be My Lover--La Bouche (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Se på mej-Jan Johansen (6th week at #1)
Andrew Richards was sentenced to life in prison for the attempted rape of another man in the first case of its kind in Britain.
Colombian police arrested Gilberto Rodriguez Orejuela, believed to be a leader of the Cali drug cartel. Mr. Rodriguez had been indicted in the United States on drug charges. U.S. officials estimated that the Cali cartel, which preferred non-violent means, such as bribery, to the terrorism preferred by the Medellin cartel, controlled nearly 80% of the cocaine smuggled into the United States.
Inco Ltd. paid $700 million to buy 30% of Diamond Fields Resources Inc.'s metal deposit at Voisey Bay, Labrador.
Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices charged by manufacturers and farmers for finished goods had not changed in May.
Houston 117 Orlando 106 (Houston led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Hakeem Olajuwon scored 34 points and added 11 rebounds to lead the Rockets over the Magic before 16,010 fans at Orlando Arena. Shaquille O'Neal led Orlando with 33 points and 12 rebounds.
10 years ago
Detroit 69 @ San Antonio 84 (San Antonio led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Manu Ginóbili scored 26 points--15 in the 4th quarter--as the Spurs beat the Pistons before 18,797 fans at SBC Center. Tim Duncan added 24 points and 17 rebounds for San Antonio. Chauncey Billups led Detroit with 25 points and 6 assists.
Ottawa (1-0) 27 @ Montreal (0-1) 16
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
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