240 years ago
The Continental Army was established by the Continental Congress, marking the birth of the United States Army.
125 years ago
Born on this date
May Allison. U.S. actress. Miss Allison was a star in the early years of silent films; she was particularly popular for numerous films from 1915-1918 in which she was romanticallyteamed with Harold Lockwood. Miss Allison retired from films in 1927 and died at the age of 98 on March 27, 1989.
80 years ago
The "On to Ottawa" trek, now numbering 2,000 unemployed men, reached Regina, 11 days after leaving Vancouver with 1,000 men aboard freight cars, bound for Canada's capital to protest the economic policies of the Conservative government of Prime Minister R.B. Bennett.
Former American League batting champion Dale Alexander hit 4 consecutive home runs, mostly off Steve Sundra, to lead the Kansas City Blues to a 15-2 win over the Minneapolis Millers in an American Association game at Nicollet Field in Minneapolis.
75 years ago
At the movies
The Mortal Storm, directed by Frank Borzage, and starring James Stewart, Margaret Sullavan, Frank Morgan, Robert Young, and Robert Stack, opened in theatres.
German troops entered Paris. French Prime Minister Paul Reynaud sent an appeal to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt for the United States to enter the European war, warning him that the fall of France was imminent. Spanish troops, with the consent of France, Britain, and Italy, took control of Tangiers, Morocco. The Japanese-sponsored government in central China led by Wang Ching-wei issued a demand that all French, British, and Italian warships leave the country.
The Nazis opened Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland, with 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów as the first inmates.
The U.S.S.R. presented an ultimatum to Lithuania that resulted in Lithuania's loss of independence.
Politics and government
The French government relocated from Tours to Bordeaux.
In welcoming the Naturalization Service into the Justice Department, U.S. Attorney General Robert Jackson said that only aliens who could benefit the United States would be admitted to the country.
U.S. Navy Rear Admiral Joseph Taussig said that the "bankrupt" United States policy in the Far East would result in war.
Johnny Allen pitched a 2-hitter as the Cleveland Indians blanked the Philadelphia Athletics 8-0 at League Park in Cleveland.
Gordon Cobbledick of the Cleveland Plain Dealer broke the story about the Indians’ players meeting with team owner Alva Bradley to request that manager Ossie Vitt be fired. Mr. Vitt met with Mr. Bradley, but declined to comment on the situation.
70 years ago
Former German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop was captured by American troops while sleeping in a rooming house in Hamburg. U.S. forces took the highes point on Okinawa--Yaeju Hill--and opened a pincer movement at both ends of the Japanese defense lines. Filipino troops of the 15th, 66th and 121st Infantry Regiment, Philippine Commonwealth Army, USAFIP-NL liberated the captured in Ilocos Sur and start the Battle of Bessang Pass in northern Luzon. In their continued advance in northern Borneo, Australian troops captured Brunei.
U.S. President Harry Truman expressed hope that the United Nations charter could be completed and ratified by the United States Senate in time for the U.S.A.-U.K.-U.S.S.R. summit.
Politics and government
Brazilian President Getulio Vargas was accused in the country's highest court of seizing power illegally on November 10, 1937.
A British White Paper on India presented in the House of Commons proposed that the Viceroy's Executive Council be reconstituted as a completely representative all-Indian body.
The U.S. Office of Price Administration revealed that nine rings of racketeers in the eastern United States had issued fraudulent ration stamps, most of which had been traced to 600 New York City food merchants.
60 years ago
Chile became a signatory to the Buenos Aires Convention on copyright.
50 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Esos Ojitos Negros-- Dúo Dinámico
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Long Live Love--Sandie Shaw
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Back in My Arms Again--The Supremes
2 Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds
3 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
4 Just a Little--The Beau Brummels
5 S.O.S. (Sweet On Susie)--Kenny Chandler
6 Do the Freddie--Freddie and the Dreamers
7 Over the Rainbow--Billy Thorpe
8 She's About a Mover--Sir Douglas Quintet
9 L-O-N-E-L-Y--Bobby Vinton
10 For Your Love--The Yardbirds
Singles entering the chart were Wonderful World by Herman's Hermits (#14); No One by Brenda Lee (#36); Seventh Son by Johnny Rivers (#37); Give Us Your Blessings by the Shangri-Las (#38); What the World Need Now is Love by Jackie DeShannon (#39); and Are You Sincere by Trini Lopez (#40).
The album Beatles VI was released in North America on Capitol Records. The Beatles were at EMI Studios in London that day, where they recorded the songs I'm Down, Yesterday, and I've Just Seen a Face.
Politics and government
The military, led by Major General Nguyen Van Thieu, took control of the government of South Vietnam.
Jim Maloney of the Cincinnati Reds struck out 18 batters and had a no-hitter for 10 innings against the New York Mets, but New York right fielder Johnny Lewis led off the 11th inning with a home run, and shortstop Roy McMillan added a single with 1 out as the Mets edged the Reds 1-0 before 5,989 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Frank Lary pitched the first 8 innings for New York, allowing 5 hits, before Larry Bearnarth pitched the last 3 innings, allowing 2 hits and getting credit for the win.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Parlami d'amore Mariù--Mal
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Girls--Moments & Whatnauts
#1 single in the U.K.: Whispering Grass--Windsor Davies and Don Estelle (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sister Golden Hair--America
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Thank God I'm a Country Boy--John Denver
2 Sister Golden Hair--America
3 When Will I Be Loved--Linda Ronstadt
4 Love Won't Let Me Wait--Major Harris
5 Bad Time--Grand Funk
6 Old Days--Chicago
7 Wildfire--Michael Murphey
8 Before the Next Teardrop Falls--Freddy Fender
9 Get Down, Get Down (Get on the Floor)--Joe Simon
10 I'm Not Lisa--Jessi Colter
Singles entering the chart were It's All Down to Goodnight Vienna by Ringo Starr (#76); Baby--Get it On by Ike and Tina Turner (#81); Do it in the Name of Love by Ben E. King (#85); Wasted Days and Wasted Nights by Freddy Fender (#88); Sneakin' Up Behind You by the Brecker Brothers (#92); Fight the Power (Part 1) by the Isley Brothers (#93); Two Lane Highway by Pure Prairie League (#95); Feelings by Morris Albert (#97); and Top of the World (Make My Reservation) by Canyon (#100). Wasted Days and Wasted Nights was a newly-recorded version of a song that had charted for Mr. Fender in 1960.
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Hey You--Bachman-Turner Overdrive (2nd week at #1)
2 Thank God I'm a Country Boy--John Denver
3 Bad Time--Grand Funk
4 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
5 Only Women--Alice Cooper
6 Before the Next Teardrop Falls--Freddy Fender
7 Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille
8 Old Days--Chicago
9 How Long--Ace
10 The Last Farewell--Roger Whittaker
Singles entering the chart were Walk on By by Gloria Gaynor (#86); Black Friday by Steely Dan (#87); I'll Do for You Anything You Want Me To by Barry White (#89); One of These Nights by the Eagles (#92); Please Pardon Me (You Remind Me of a Friend) by Rufus featuring Chaka Khan (#93); Rock and Roll All Nite by Kiss (#94); Heart by Magic Man (#95); Jive Talkin' by the Bee Gees (#98); Rhinestone Cowboy by Glen Campbell (#99); and The Rockford Files by Mike Post (#100).
Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 Sister Golden Hair--America (3rd week at #1)
2 Thank God I'm a Country Boy--John Denver
3 Bad Time--Grand Funk
5 Old Days--Chicago
6 Take Me in Your Arms (Rock Me)--The Doobie Brothers
7 Hey You--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
8 Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille
9 Pinball Wizard--Elton John (LP track)
10 When Will I Be Loved--Linda Ronstadt
11 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
12 Wildfire--Michael Murphey
13 Only Women--Alice Cooper
14 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
15 Hit the Road Jack--Stampeders
16 Killer Queen--Queen
17 How Long--Ace
18 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
19 Love Won't Let Me Wait--Major Harris
20 Shining Star--Earth, Wind & Fire
21 Cum Hear the Band--April Wine
22 Only Yesterday--Carpenters
23 I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
24 It's All Down to Goodnight Vienna--Ringo Starr
25 Midnight Blue--Melissa Manchester
26 Don't Leave Me in the Morning--Odia Coates
27 (Just Like) Romeo and Juliet--Sha Na Na
28 (Let Me Down) Slow and Easy--Brutus
29 I'm on Fire--Dwight Twilley Band
30 I Know What You Need--A Foot in Coldwater
The Milwaukee Brewers traded outfielder Johnny Briggs to the Minnesota Twins for outfielder Bobby Darwin. Mr. Briggs was batting .297 with 3 home runs and 5 runs batted in in 28 games wit Milwaukee in 1975, while Mr. Darwin was batting ..219 with 5 homers and 18 RBIs in 48 games with Minnesota.
The Boston Red Sox obtained second baseman Denny Doyle from the California Angels for cash and a player to be named later. Mr. Doyle was batting .067 (1 for 15) in 8 games with California in 1975, having lost his starting job to rookie Jerry Remy. The Red Sox made room for Mr. Doyle on the roster by assigning outfielder Tony Conigliaro to the Pawtucket Red Sox of the AAA International League.
Hank Aaron hit a home run and a single and scored 2 runs to help the Milwaukee Brewers defeat the California Angels 6-4 before 36,191 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee in the NBC Game of the Week. Bill Travers pitched 6+ innings to get his first win of the season, while Nolan Ryan pitched a complete game in taking the loss, as his 1975 record dropped to 10-5. Milwaukee left fielder Johnny Briggs batted 0 for 2 with a run batted in in his final game with the Brewers.
Ross Grimsley pitched a 5-hit shutout for the Baltimore Orioles as they blanked the Minnesota Twins 7-0 before 9,718 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Baltimore first baseman Lee May batted 3 for 5 with a double, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in. Minnesota left fielder Bobby Darwin batted 0 for 2 in his last game with the Twins.
Deron Johnson hit 2 home runs and batted in 5 runs as the Chicago White Sox beat the New York Yankees 7-2 before 31,120 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Wilbur Wood allowed 10 hits in pitching a complete game victory. Kerry Dineen made his major leage debut for the Yankees, playing the 9th inning in center field, replacing Bobby Bonds.
All the scoring took place in the 1st inning as the Montreal Expos beat the San Francisco Giants 3-1 before 4,890 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Winning pitcher Woodie Fryman pitched a 4-hit complete game to improve his 1975 record to 6-3. John Montefusco allowed 5 hits and 3 earned runs in 7 innings to drop to 3-3.
Reggie Sanders hit 2 home runs for the Richmond Braves as they edged the Toledo Mud Hens 7-6 in the first game of a scheduled International League doubleheader in Toledo; the second game was rained out. The Braves scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning against Toledo starting pitcher George Culver. It was the last game for Richmond manager Clint Courtney; the team went to Rochester the next day in preparation for a series there against the Red Wings, and Mr. Courtney collapsed with a fatal heart attack while talking with one of his players in the team's motel. However, even that win ended up not counting, because of a protest lodged by the Mud Hens. In the bottom of the 7th and final inning, Mr. Courtney had made a trip to the mound to talk to pitcher Pablo Torrealba. Later in the inning, he walked to home plate to ask catcher Jim Breazeale about a called ball on a 3-and-2 pitch to Toledo batter Reggie Thomas, and then told Mr. Breazeale to tell Mr. Torrealba to pitch carefully to the next batter, Dave Schneck. Home plate umpire Bill Durkee told Mr. Courtney that he was being charged with a trip to the mound, but forgot about Mr. Courtney's first trip to the mound, and didn't tell the Mud Hens that he was charging Mr. Courtney with a trip to the mound for his visit with Mr. Breazeale. Mr. Torrealba, who should have been removed from the game, then retired Mr. Schneck on a line drive with the bases loaded to end the game. Mr. Durkee's charging Mr. Courtney with a second trip to the mound in the 7th inning didn't come to light until the umpire mentioned it after the game when questioned by two writers concerning an incident earlier in the game that had resulted in the ejection of Toledo manager Jim Bunning. When Mr. Bunning found out about this, he telephoned Toledo general manager Charlie Senger, who filed a protest. International League President George Sisler upheld the protest, and ruled that the game would be resumed prior to another doubleheader on August 5, with Mr. Scneck at bat and the bases loaded with 2 out in the bottom of the 7th, and Richmond leading 7-6. When the game was resumed, Adrian Devine was on the mound to replace Mr. Torrealba, and he walked Mr. Scneck to force in the tying run. Alan Bannister then hit a bloop single to center field to give Toledo an 8-7 win.
30 years ago
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): 19--Paul Hardcastle (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Live is Life--Opus (3rd week at #1)
A 17-day hijack ordeal began when a pair of Lebanese Shiite Muslim extremists from the group Hezbollah seized TWA Flight 847 shortly after takeoff from Athens, Greece after stopping there en route from Cairo to San Diego.
Edmonton (0-1) 25 @ Saskatchewan (2-0) 28
Dave Ridgway’s field goal on the last play of the game gave the Roughriders the win over the Eskimos at Taylor Field in Regina. Rookie Damon Allen saw some playing time at quarterback for the Eskimos, throwing a touchdown pass to rookie receiver Thad Jemison.
25 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Put 'Em Under Pressure--The Republic of Ireland Football Squad (3rd week at #1)
Hanover beat out Toronto by a 21-20 vote to host the 2000 World’s Fair. Toronto’s theme for the fair would have been "Peace with our Planet: Visions of a new millennium." It aimed to redefine Water; Land; Atmosphere; Energy; Plant Life; Animal Life; and Humanity. I’m glad Toronto's bid failed--but does anyone remember a world’s fair in Hanover?
10,000 miners poured into Bucharest, routed student protesters, set up barricades, ransacked the headquarters of two opposition parties, and wrecked the office of an independent newspaper. Foreign press people were also attacked.
Economics and finance
The Supreme Soviet of Kirghizia approved the country’s first corporate income tax, setting a basic rate of 45%, while rejecting the government’s proposal to triple the price of bread.
The United States Labor Department reported that producer prices for finished goods had edged upward 0.3% in May, following three consecutive monthly drops.
Major league baseball’s National League announced plans to expand from 12 teams to 14 for the 1993 season. The price of admission for each team was set at $95 million.
Cardinal John J. O’Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of New York City, said in an article in the archdiocese’s newspaper that Roman Catholic political leaders who supported the right of women to have an abortion "must be warned that they are at risk of excommunication." He said that the warning applied to women who obtained an abortion; to doctors who performed abortions; and to officeholders who supported abortion or made funds available for it.
33 people were believed dead and 200 homes and trailers were destroyed when thunderstorms created a flash flood that tore through a valley and into the town of Shadyside, Ohio, 10 miles south of Wheeling, West Virginia. Part of a tavern was swept away with the customers inside.
Detroit 92 @ Portland 90 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-1)
The Pistons scored the game's last 9 points--7 by Vinnie Johnson--as they came from behind to defeat the Trail Blazers before 12,642 fans at Memorial Coliseum to win their second straight National Basketball Association championship. Detroit guard Isiah Thomas led all scorers with 29 points and was named the finals' Most Valuable Player. Kevin Duckworth and Terry Porter each scored 21 points for Portland.
20 years ago
Died on this date
Roger Zelazny, 58. U.S. author. Mr. Zelazny wrote science fiction and fantasy novels and stories, and was best known for The Chronicles of Amber, a series of novels published from 1970-1991. He died of kidney failure subsequent to colon cancer.
Chechen rebels led by Shamil Basayev attacked Budyonnovsk, about 70 miles north of the Chechen border. At a hospital, Chechens took about 2,000 patients and medical staff hostage, and threatened to kill them if Russian forces didn't stop their offensive in Chechnya.
Orlando 101 @ Houston 113 (Houston won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Hakeem Olajuwon scored 35 points and added 15 rebounds to lead the Rockets over the Magic before 16,611 fans at the Summit to win their second straight National Basketball Association championship. Mr. Olajuwon was named the finals' Most Valuable Player for the second staight year. Shaquille O'Neal and Penny Hardaway each scored 25 points for Orlando.
10 years ago
San Antonio 79 @ Detroit 96 (San Antonio led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Rip Hamilton scored 24 points, Chauncey Billups scored 20, and Ben Wallace added 15 points, 11 rebounds, and 3 steals as the Pistons defeated the Spurs before 22,076 fans at the Palace at Auburn Hills, Michigan. Tony Parker led San Antonio with 21 points.
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
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