Tuesday, 31 March 2015

March 31, 2015

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Stephanie!

130 years ago
1885


Africana
The United Kingdom established a protectorate over Bechuanaland.

Law
The Canadian government of Prime Minister John A. Macdonald disallowed British Columbia's Chinese Restriction Act as unconstitutional, as it infringed on an area of federal jurisdiction.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
William Lawrence Bragg
. Australian-born U.K. physicist. Sir William and his father William Henry Bragg shared the 1915 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-ray." Sir William died on July 1, 1971 at the age of 81.

Education
The Manitoba legislature passed the Manitoba School Act, abolishing separate schools for Roman Catholics and Protestants effective May 1, 1890, and creating a non-sectarian system of public education. Roman Catholics in the province, many of them Metis, protested that the law was a violation of the terms under which Manitoba had entered Confederation in 1870.

80 years ago
1935

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell

75 years ago
1940


War
A Gallup Poll reported that only 1% of Americans favoured a German victory in the European war, while 84% favoured the U.K. and France, and 15% offered no opinion.

Diplomacy
The French and British governments agreed that Jean Monnet be president of the Commission of French-British Cooperation.

Politics and government
Rashid Ali Beg Gailani took office as Prime Minister of Iraq and shuffled the cabinet, retaining General Nuri-es Said as Foreign Minister.

Mohammed Ali Jinnah, president of the All-India Muslim League, suggested partitioning India into Hindu and Muslim states.

Economics and finance
U.S. National Association of Manufacturers President H.W. Prentiss, Jr. appealed to every industrialist to mobilize to meet the attacks of "demagogic detractors" and preserve the free enterprise system.

Olympics
A Helsinki newspaper said that the Summer Olympics, scheduled to be held in the Finnish capital in 1940, would not be held this year.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Amor, Amor--Bing Crosby (2nd month at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rum and Coca-Cola--The Andrews Sisters (8th week at #1)

Theatre
The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams, which had first been performed in Chicago in 1944, opened at the Playhouse Theatre on Broadway in New York.

Died on this date
Hans Fischer, 63
. German chemist. Dr. Fischer won the 1930 Nobel Prize in chemistry "for his researches into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of haemin." He committed suicide in Munich in despair over the destruction of his institute and his work during the last days of World War II.

War
U.S. and French troops joined seven other Allied armies in the drive into Germany, as Allied supreme commander General Dwight Eisenhower asked German soldiers to surrender in order to avoid future bloodshed. Soviet troops drove 17 miles inside Austria, capturing 70 towns. A defecting German pilot delivered a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1, the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft, to the Americans, the first to fall into Allied hands.

Diplomacy
The U.S.A. and U.K. rejected a Soviet appeal that the provisional Polish government of Prime Minister Lubin be invited to the San Francisco Conference to found the United Nations.

Pan-American Union authorities authorized Argentina to sign the Mexico City Pact (Act of Chapultepec), after Argentina declared war on Germany and Japan.

Economics and finance
U.S. Director of War Mobilization James Byrnes said that after the war had been won in Europe, emergency measures such as the ban on horse racing, the brownout, and the midnight curfew would be ended.

Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates traded center fielder Vince DiMaggio to the Philadelphia Phillies for pitcher Al Gerheauser. In 109 games with the Pirates in 1944, Mr. DiMaggio had batted .240 with 9 home runs and 50 runs batted in, and had led National League batters in strikeouts with 83. Mr. Gerheauser had posted a record of 8-16 with an earned run average of 4.58 in 30 games in 1944 with the Philadelphia team, then known as the Blue Jays.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ganz Paris träumt von der Liebe--Caterina Valente (1st month at #1)

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Fort Wayne 82 @ Syracuse 86 (Syracuse led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Red Rocha scored 19 points as the Nationals defeated the Pistons at Onondaga County War Memorial. Fort Wayne's Larry Foust led all scorers with 26 points.

50 years ago
1965


Society
The Canadian House of Commons passed legislation creating the Canada Pension Plan.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Horror Movie--Skyhooks

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Waga Yoki Tomoyo--Hiroshi Kamayatsu

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Todo El Tiempo Del Mundo--Manolo Otero (15th week at #1)

On television tonight
Gunsmoke, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Sharecroppers

This was the 635th and last episode of the series, which was in its 20th season.

Canadiana
The country enjoyed its last day before the beginning of the imposition of the metric system of measurement.

Politics and government
Turkish Prime Minister Suleyman Demirel formed a four-party coaliiton government, ending a six-month crisis.

Law
The U.S. clemency program for military deserters and draft evaders ended. About 22,500 of the 124,400 eligible signed up for a chance to "earn return" to the United States under a program that had been announced by President Gerald Ford several months earlier.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's championship
Final @ San Diego Arena
California at Los Angeles 92 Kentucky 85

Rich Washington scored 28 points and Dave Meyers added 24 as the Bruins defeated the Wildcats before 15,153 fans to win their 10th and last national championship under coach John Wooden, whose career ended with this game.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Shout--Tears for Fears

#1 single in France (SNEP): Johnny, Johnny--Jeanne Mas

#1 single in Switzerland: You're My Heart, You're My Soul--Modern Talking (4th week at #1)

On the radio
The Stories of Sherlock Holmes, starring Graham Armitage and Kerry Jordan, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: The Rubber-Faced Man

Popular culture
The first WrestleMania--the biggest wrestling event from the World Wrestling Federation (later known as World Wrestling Entertainment)-- took place at Madison Square Garden in New York.

Curling
Silver Broom (men’s world championship)
Final
Canada (Al Hackner) 6 Sweden 2

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kiss Me Now--Lindberg (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Vattene Amore--Amedeo Minghi; Mietta (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Enjoy the Silence--Depeche Mode (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Le temps des Yéyés--Les Vagabonds (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: The Power--Snap!

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Black Velvet--Alannah Myles (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Black Velvet--Alannah Myles
2 Love Will Lead You Back--Taylor Dayne
3 I Wish it Would Rain Down--Phil Collins
4 Escapade--Janet Jackson
5 Roam--The B-52's
6 I'll Be Your Everything--Tommy Page
7 All Around the World--Lisa Stansfield
8 I Go to Extremes--Billy Joel
9 Keep it Together--Madonna
10 Here and Now--Luther Vandross

Singles entering the chart were All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You by Heart (#58); Your Baby Never Looked Good in Blue by Expose (#61); How 'Bout Us by Grayson Hugh (and Betty Wright) (#68); I'll See You in My Dreams by Giant (#73); Cuts You Up by Peter Murphy (#83); and You Can't Get Away by Shana (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Wish it Would Rain Down--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)
2 Escapade--Janet Jackson
3 I Go to Extremes--Billy Joel
4 Roam--The B-52's
5 Opposites Attract--Paula Abdul (with Wild Pair)
6 Lover of Mine--Alannah Myles
7 Love Will Lead You Back--Taylor Dayne
8 No Myth--Michael Penn
9 Every Little Tear--Paul Janz
10 Let Your Backbone Slide--Maestro Fresh-Wes

Singles entering the chart were Life in Detail by Robert Palmer (#81); Dorianna by Paul Lang (#83); (If There Was) Any Other Way by Celine Dion (#85); Closer to the Flame by Dave Edmunds (#87); All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You by Heart (#89); I Build this Garden for Us by Lenny Kravitz (#91); and The Nature of Love by Poco (#93).

Diplomacy
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev warned Lithuania of "grave consequences" if it did not annul its declaration of independence.

Protest
The day before new poll tax rates were supposed to go into effect in the U.K., a riot involving several thousand protesters took place in London. 331 police officers were among the more than 400 injured, and 341 arrests were made.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Conquest of Paradise--Vangelis (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Think Twice--Céline Dion (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Selena, 23
. U.S. singer. Selena Quintanilla, known as the "Queen of Tejano music," a genre originating with the Mexican-American population of the southwestern United States. She began her recording career at the age of 13 and was the bestselling artist in the genre until she was shot to death by Yolanda Saldívar, her friend and manager of Miss Quintanilla's fashion boutiques.

World events
In ceremonies in Port-au-Prince attended by United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali and U.S. President Bill Clinton, the United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMH) assumed peacekeeping duties in Haiti, taking over from U.S.-led forces. The UNMH's forces would consist of 6,000 military personnel and 900 police from 30 countries, with the U.S. providing 2,400 soldiers. The police would work with newly-trained Haitian police. Mr. Clinton promised that the U.S. would continue to support Haiti's efforts to rebuild.

War
The U.S. military campaign in Somalia ended.

Shali, the last city in the rebel province of Chechnya, became the last Chechen city to be captured by Russian forces. Fighting continued elsewhere in Chechnya.

Labour
Major league baseball players agreed to end the sport’s longest strike in history after U.S. federal District Court Judge Sonia Sotomayor ordered a preliminary injunction against team owners to reinstate the contract that had been in place before the strike, which had begun after the conclusion of games on August 11, 1994.

Economics and finance
The U.S. dollar fell to 86.55 Japanese yen and 1.3715 German marks.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Terri Schiavo, 41
. U.S. medical patient. Mrs. Schiavo, who had been severely brain-damaged since collapsing in her apartment building 15 years earlier, died 13 days after Pinellas-Pasco County Circuit Court Judge George Greer ordered her feeding tube withdrawn, guaranteeing her death by gradual starvation. Florida Governor Jeb Bush and his brother, White House occupant George W. Bush, played legal games, pretending to act on Mrs. Schiavo's behalf while actually doing nothing, and finally caved in and refused to challenge Judge Greer's injunction.

Monday, 30 March 2015

March 30, 2015

1,650 years ago
365


Died on this date
Ai, 23 or 24
. Emperor of China (Jin). Ai, born Sima Pi succeeded his cousin Mu as Emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Emperor Ai was reportedly obsessed with immortality, and ironically, died several months after consuming poisoned pills that had been given him by magicians.

200 years ago
1815


World events
King of Naples Joachim Murat issued the Rimini Proclamation, calling on Italians to revolt against their Austrian occupiers.

175 years ago
1840


Died on this date
Beau Brummell, 61
. U.K. dandy. George Bryan Brummell was the most famous arbiter of men's fashions in his day, and was a close friend of the future King George IV until the permanent breach of their friendship in 1811. He fled to France in 1816 to avoid debtors' prison, and died penniless and insane from syphilis in an asylum in Caen.

160 years ago
1855


Politics and government
"Border Ruffians"--pro-slavery activists from Missouri--invaded Kansas and forced election of a pro-slavery legislature.

130 years ago
1885


Canadiana
Stratford, Ontario was incorporated as a city.

War
A farmer and farm instructor near Battleford, Northwest Territories were killed as Cree chief Poundmaker [Pitikwahanapiwiyin] attacked and surrounded Battleford with 200 warriors. Local settlers were forced to seek shelter in North West Mounted Police barracks for a month.

The Battle for Kushka between Russian and Afghan forces triggered the Panjdeh Incident, which nearly gave rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.

90 years ago
1925


Died on this date
Rudolf Steiner, 64
. Austrian philosopher. Mr. Steiner was the founder of anthroposophy, which postulates the existence of an objective, intellectually comprehensible spiritual world accessible to direct experience through inner development, especially aiming to develop faculties of perceptive imagination, inspiration and intuition through the cultivation of a form of thinking independent of sensory experience.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal Canadiens (NHL) 1 @ Victoria Cougars (WCHL) 6 (Victoria won best-of-five series 3-1)

Gizzy Hart scored the winning goal as the Cougars defeated the defending champion Canadiens at Patrick Arena for their only Stanley Cup championship, and the only one for a team from the Western Canada Hockey League.

75 years ago
1940


War
U.K. First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill, in a radio broadcast, warned that neutral nations' rights may be violated by Britain in an effort to halt aid to her enemies in the European war.

Politics and government
Japan declared Nanking capital of a new Chinese puppet government, nominally controlled by Wang Ching-wei.

U.S. Senator Edwin Johnson (Democrat--Colorado) said that President Franklin D. Roosevelt's silence on whether he would run in 1940 for a third term had hurt other possible Democratic Party candidates and was leading the party into confusion.

Defense
The Japanese Army reported that the U.S.S.R. was building a new railroad from the Outer Mongolian capital of Ulan Bator toward the border of Manchukuo (Manchuria).

The United States War Department notified 175 airplane manufacturers that they could defer current military building provided they could guarantee superior aircraft at a later date.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull announced that the United States would not recognize the Japanese-sponsored goverment based in Nanking led by Wang Ching-wei.

Science
The Physics department at the University of Toronto revealed the world's most powerful microscope which formed its images with electrons, not light.

Swimming
NCAA
The University of Michigan defeated Yale University to win the national championship in New Haven, Connecticut.

Basketball
NCAA
Indiana University defeated Kansas State University 60-42 in Kansas City to win the national men's championship.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Béla Balogh, 60
. Hungarian movie director. Mr. Balogh was one of Hungary's most prominent film directors in the first half of the 20th century. He directed 67 movies, 50 of them silent.

War
Soviet forces invaded Austria north of Koeszeg. Polish and Soviet forces liberated Danzig and hoisted a Polish flag, thus supporting Poland's claim to the formerly international city. U.S. troops entered Paderborn. U.S. forces in the Philippines landed on Cauit and Mactan Islands, less than a mile from Cebu. American troops occupied Bacolod, the capital of Negros Island.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department announced that to date, 37 nations had accepted invitations to the San Francisco Conference to found the United Nations.

Yugoslavian dictator Marshal Josip Tito announced recognition and establishment of diplomatic relations with the U.S.S.R.-backed provisional government of Poland.

Politics and government
The Political Association of Great Japan was inaugurated in an effort to unify the country for a defense against an anticipated invasion.

Business
Montgomery Ward & Company refused to pay a bill for $350,966 presented by the United States Army to cover merchandise the company had received when the Army had taken control of its properties in December 1944.

60 years ago
1955


Died on this date
Harl McDonald, 55
. U.S. composer. Mr. McDonald wrote four symphonies, in addition to choral music.

Movies
The Academy Awards for 1954 were presented in two locations: the RKO Pantages Theatre in Hollywood, California and the NBC Century Theatre in New York City. Awards for On the Waterfront included: Best Picture; Best Director (Elia Kazan); Best Actor (Marlon Brando); and Best Supporting Actress (Eva Marie Saint). Other awards included: Best Actress--Grace Kelly (The Country Girl); Best Supporting Actor--Edmond O'Brien (The Barefoot Contessa); and Best Foreign Language Film (Jigokumon (Gate of Hell)).

50 years ago
1965


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Runner in the Dark, with guest stars Ed Begley and Richard Anderson

Died on this date
Philip Showalter Hench, 69
. U.S. physician. Dr. Hench was the head of the Department of Rheumatic Diseases at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. He shared the 1950 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology with Mayo Clinic colleague Calvin Kendall and Swiss chemist Tadeus Reichstein "for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects." In particular, they won for the discovery of the hormone cortisone. Dr. Hench died of pneumonia while on vacation in Jamaica.

Music
The Beach Boys were at Western Recording Studios in Hollywood, California, where they recorded the songs Salt Lake City and Let Him Run Wild, which subsequently appeared on the album Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!). They also recorded an alternate version of Let Him Run Wild, which was released in 1990 on the compact disc "twofer" The Beach Boys Today!/Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!).

Terrorism
A car bomb exploded in front of the United States Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.

40 years ago
1975


Disasters
Heavy winds swept through Vancouver and the lower mainland of British Columbia, killing seven people and causing enough damage to merit mention on national newscasts. This blogger was in Vancouver at the time and slept through it all.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 5 @ Buffalo 4
Montreal 2 @ Boston 2
Kansas City 2 @ New York Rangers 8
Detroit 8 @ Washington 5

George Ferguson scored 2 goals and Ron Ellis, Borje Salming, and Inge Hammarstrom also scored as the Maple Leafs edged the Sabres before 15,863 fans at War Memorial Auditorium.

Jacques Lemaire scored his 34th goal of the season and Guy Lafleur added his 51st in the 3rd period as the Canadiens tied the Bruins before 15,003 fans at Boston Garden. Phil Esposito scored his 59th goal of the season for the Bruins in the 1st period and Bobby Orr added his 44th in the 3rd period.

Steve Vickers scored 4 goals, including 3 straight in the 3rd period, and Derek Sanderson added 2 as the Rangers routed the Scouts before 17,500 fans at Madison Square Garden.

Bill Hogaboam scored 2 goals in a 12-second span in the 3rd period and Marcel Dionne scored his 45th and 46th goals of the season as the Red Wings came back from a 5-2 deficit to defeat the Capitals before 10,509 fans at the Capital Centre in Landover, Maryland.

WHA
Phoenix 5 @ Quebec 6 (OT)
Chicago 6 @ Cleveland 7
Baltimore 3 @ Vancouver 4

Rene Leclerc's disputed goal at 3:34 of overtime gave the Nordiques their win over the Roadrunners before 8,000 fans at Le Colisee. The Roadrunners contended that the puck hadn't crossed the goal line, but referee Bob Sloan ruled otherwise.

Richie Leduc, Gary Jarrett, and Steve Cardwell each scored 2 goals as the Crusaders edged the Cougars before 4,381 fans at Richfield Coliseum in Richfield, Ohio.

Larry Israelson and Rob Walton scored in the 3rd period to give the Blazers their win over the Blades before 7,204 fans at Pacific Coliseum, ending Vancouver's 7-game losing streak.

Basketball
NBA
Atlanta 105 @ New Orleans 108
Chicago 82 @ Washington 94
Portland 88 @ Seattle 98

Otto Moore made two crucial blocked shots and scored a late field goal to help the Jazz edge the Hawks before 5,422 fans in New Orleans.

Elvin Hayes scored 37 points to lead the Bullets over the Bulls before 10,149 fans at the Capital Centre in Landover, Maryland.

Spencer Haywood scored 40 points to lead the SuperSonics over the Trail Blazers before 14,082 fans at Seattle Center Coliseum, clinching Seattle's first playoff spot ever.

ABA
San Antonio 104 @ New York 130
San Diego 112 @ St. Louis 116

Julius Erving scored 40 points to lead the Nets over the Spurs before 6,645 fans at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale. George Gervin led San Antonio with 25 points.

Freddie Lewis scored 29 points and Marvin Barnes added 27 as the Spirits held on to defeat the Conquistadors before 2,046 fans at St. Louis Arena and eliminate San Diego from playoff contention.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Una Storia Importante--Eros Ramazzotti (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): You're My Heart, You're My Soul--Modern Talking (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nightshift--Commodores

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Show Some Concern--The Concerned

#1 single in the U.K.: Easy Lover--Philip Bailey (with Phil Collins) (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One More Night--Phil Collins

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Material Girl--Madonna
2 One More Night--Phil Collins
3 Can't Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
4 The Heat is On--Glenn Frey
5 Lovergirl--Teena Marie
6 We are the World--USA for Africa
7 Too Late for Goodbyes--Julian Lennon
8 Private Dancer--Tina Turner
9 Somebody--Bryan Adams
10 Just Another Night--Mick Jagger

Singles entering the chart were One Lonely Night by REO Speedwagon (#65); Walking on Sunshine by Katrina and the Waves (#74); Can't Stop by Rick James (#77); Axel F by Harold Faltermeyer (#80); Lonely in Love by Giuffria (#81); Lost in Love by New Edition (#83); Will the Wolf Survive? by Los Lobos (#88); Be Your Man by Jesse Johnson's Revue (#89); and Back in Stride by Maze featuring Frankie Beverly (#90). Axel F was from the movie Beverly Hills Cop (1984).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Shout--Tears for Fears
2 One More Night--Phil Collins
3 Can't Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
4 I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner
5 Material Girl--Madonna
6 Neutron Dance--Pointer Sisters
7 Careless Whisper--Wham! featuring George Michael
8 Too Late for Goodbyes--Julian Lennon
9 Solid--Ashford & Simpson
10 Jungle Love--The Time

Singles entering the chart were Some Things are Better Left Unsaid by Daryl Hall John Oates (#85); We are the World by USA for Africa (#88); Why by Bronski Beat (#92); and The Riddle by Nik Kershaw (#98).

Died on this date
Harold Peary, 76
. U.S. actor. Mr. Peary, born José Pereira de Faria, was known for playing the character Throckmorton P. Gildersleeve in the radio comedy series Fibber McGee & Molly (1939-1941) and later in its spinoff series The Great Gildersleeve (1941-1950).

Hockey
NHL
Boston 3 @ Montreal 7
Detroit 9 @ Toronto 3

Curling
Men’s world championship
Semi-Final
Canada (Al Hackner) 9 U.S.A. 4

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Harry Bridges, 88
. Australian-born U.S. labour leader. Mr. Bridges was a merchant seaman in Australia before moving to the United States in 1922. He became leader of the International Longshoremen's Association (ILA), and in 1937 he led several chapters in forming a new union, the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU), which he led for the next 40 years. In the 1990s it was revealed that Mr. Bridges had been a member of the Communist party USA in the 1930s. The United States government regarded Mr. Bridges as subversive and made several unsuccessful attempts to deport him. Mr. Bridges became a naturalized American citizen in 1945 after lying about his Communist Party membership.

War
Soviet troops seized the state prosecutor’s office in the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius, as well as the printing press of a pro-independence newspaper.

World events
Estonia’s parliament proclaimed that the country was occupied, and that it was entering a "transitional period" that would lead to independence.

Abominations
Idaho Governor Cecil Andrus vetoed a bill that would have banned most abortions in the state. Under the bill’s provisions, an abortion in the case of rape would have been allowed only if the rape were reported within seven days, and abortion in the case of incest would be allowed only if the victim were under 18. Gov. Andrus complained that pro-life activists had designed the bill "for the sole purpose of getting this issue back before the Supreme Court." Gov. Andrus said that he had not been influenced by threats by abortion-rights groups to boycott Idaho potatoes.

Protest
Riot police in Quebec City broke up a demonstration by 2,000 marchers against university tuition fee increases. Students also occupied the Montreal Stock Exchange. Over 250 were arrested.

Hockey
NHL
Calgary 6 Edmonton 2

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Everytime You Touch Me--Moby

War
The Chechen city of Gudermes fell to Russian forces.

Society
U.S. federal District Court Judge Eugene Nickerson ruled in New York that the U.S. government's policy of permitting sodomites and lesbians to serve in the military if they remained discreet about their sexual orientation, but could be discharged if they did not, violated the constitutional protection of free speech and equal rights for all. The Defense Department asked the Justice Department to appeal the ruling.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 4,172.56, a record high.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Don Rose, 70
. U.S. disc jockey. "Dr." Don Rose, born Donald Rosenberg, achieved popularity as a morning man at WQXI in Atlanta, WFIL in Philadelphia, and finally at KFRC in San Francisco, where he worked from 1973-1986. The Cruisin' albums, a series of records replicating the early years of rock and roll radio released in the early 1970s, included "Dr." Don with WQXI as its entry for 1967.

Sunday, 29 March 2015

March 29, 2015

225 years ago
1790


Born on this date
John Tyler
. 10th President of the United States, 1841-1845. Mr. Tyler, a native of Charles City County, Virginia, was elected Vice-President of the United States in 1840 as the running mate to Whig party candidate William Henry Harrison. When Mr. Harrison died just one month after taking office in 1841, Mr. Tyler became the first vice-president to assume the presidency upon the death of the president. He stood against much of the Whig platform while president, which led to him being the first president to face impeachment proceedings, which were unsuccessful. Mr. Tyler's most notable accomplishments as president included two vetoes of legislation calling for a national banking act, and the annexation of Texas. When Virginia voted to secede from the union in 1861, Mr. Tyler was elected to the House of Representatives of the Confederate Congress, but took ill in Richmond and died on January 18, 1862 at the age of 71, shortly before the session of Congress began. Since he was a Confederate at the time of his death, he was the only U.S. President not to be officially mourned by the U.S. government.

150 years ago
1865


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Union forces under Major General Philip Sheridan moved to flank Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee as the Appomattox Campaign began.

120 years ago
1895


Society
A Canadian Royal Commission on the sale of liquor--appointed in 1892--concluded that restrictive laws did not decrease sales of liquor.

80 years ago
1935

Boxing

Joe Louis (17-0) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Natie Brown (28-17-7) at Olympia Stadium in Detroit.

75 years ago
1940


War
The German government issued a White Paper of 16 documents, allegedly captured in Warsaw, revealing American promises to prevent the fall of Poland to Germany.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles' trip to Europe had shown that peace prospects were scant at this time.

Economics and finance
New York District Attorney Thomas Dewey, speaking in Milwaukee, charged that President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal economic policies had prolonged the Depression.

Boxing
Joe Louis (42-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of Johnny Paychek (38-4-2) 41 seconds into the 2nd round at Madison Square Garden in New York.

70 years ago
1945


War
It was the last day of German V-1 flying bomb attacks on England. Soviet troops almost destroyed the German 4th Army, and reached the Austrian border at a point 52 miles south of Vienna. Allied forces drove to within 10 miles of Paderborn in an effort to isolate the Ruhr. U.S. troops in the Philippines landed on the east coast of Negros Island and quickly pushed to the outskirts of the capital, Bacolod.

Diplomacy
A White House announcement said that the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. would seek three votes each instead of one in the assembly of the proposed world security organization to equalize the votes of the "Big Three," since the British Empire would have six votes, including those of the dominions. The U.S.S.R. had raised the question at the recent Yalta Conference.

Politics and government
Palestinian Arab leaders rejected a proposal which would rotate the office of Mayor of Jersusalem among Muslim, Jewish, and Christian officials. The proposal, advocated by British High Commissioner Viscount John Gort, was accepted with reservations by Jewish leaders.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that Army Major General Lucius Clay was resigning as deputy director of war mobilization to become General Dwight Eisenhower's deputy in charge of civilian affairs in occupied Germany.

Labour
The United Mine Workers of America accepted, and coal operators rejected, a compromise suggested by U.S. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins calling for a seven-hour workday, time-and-a-half for overtime, and $75 yearly vacation pay.

Basketball
NCAA
Oklahoma A&M University upset DePaul University 52-44 to win the national men's championship at Madison Square Garden in New York.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Yenka--Johnny & Charley (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): If I Didn't Have A Dime--Tom Dunphy (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Shakin' All Over--Chad Allan and the Expressions (Guess Who?) (2nd week at #1)
2 What Have They Done to the Rain--The Searchers
3 Girl Don't Come--Sandie Shaw
4 Stranger in Town--Del Shannon
5 Goodnight--Roy Orbison
6 I Must Be Seeing Things--Gene Pitney
7 Come and Stay with Me--Marianne Faithfull
8 Bluebirds Over the Mountain--Ronnie Hawkins
9 (Here They Come) From All Over the World--Jan & Dean
10 Do the Clam--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were The Race is On by Jack Jones (#17); Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter by Herman's Hermits (#21); I'm Tellin' You Now by Freddie & the Dreamers (#26); I Know a Place by Petula Clark (#27); I'll Never Find Another You by the Seekers (#29); Baby the Rain Must Fall by Glenn Yarbrough (#32); Tired of Waiting for You by the Kinks (#33); Double-O-Seven by the Detergents (#35); Game of Love by Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders (#37); Be My Baby by Dick and DeeDee (#38); Not Too Long Ago by the Uniques (#39); and I Could Easily Fall in Love with You by Cliff Richard (#40).

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Completely Foolproof, starring J.D. Cannon, Patricia Barry, and Geoffrey Horne

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Un'altra donna--I cugini di campagna

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company) (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Bye Bye Baby--Bay City Rollers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Lady Marmalade--LaBelle

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
2 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
3 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
4 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
5 No No Song--Ringo Starr
6 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
7 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
8 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
9 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
10 Express--B.T. Express

Singles entering the chart were Bad Luck (Part 1) by Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes (#77); Only Yesterday by the Carpenters (#78); Shakey Ground by the Temptations (#80); Rainy Day People by Gordon Lightfoot (#83); Growin' by Loggins and Messina (#84); Hang on Sloopy by Rick Derringer (#87); You Brought the Woman Out of Me by Evie Sands (#88); Rescue Me by Cher (#95); My First Day Without Her by Dennis Yost and Classics IV (#96); I'm Not Lisa by Jessi Colter (#97); The Last Farewell by Roger Whittaker (#98); Spider Jiving by Andy Fairweather (#99); and Love Won't Let Me Wait by Major Harris (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
2 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
3 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
4 No No Song--Ringo Starr
5 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
6 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
7 Fire--Ohio Players
8 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
9 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
10 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker

Singles entering the chart were Tangled Up in Blue by Bob Dylan (#67); He Don't Love You (Like I Love You) by Tony Orlando and Dawn (#78); Love Corporation by the Hues Corporation (#79); The South's Gonna Do It by the Charlie Daniels Band (#83); What am I Gonna Do with You by Barry White (#84); 99 Miles from L.A. by Albert Hammond (#85); Love Finds its Own Way by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#86); The Bertha Butt Boogie by the Jimmy Castor Bunch (#87); Shoeshine Boy by Eddie Kendricks (#88); Living a Little, Laughing a Little by the Spinners (#89); Who's Sorry Now by Marie Osmond (#90); Hush I'm Alive by Blue Swede (#91); Stand by Me by John Lennon (#92); Cum Hear the Band by April Wine (#93); Satin Soul by the Love Unlimited Orchestra (#94); Killer Queen by Queen (#95); Don't Let Go by Commander Cody and his Lost Planet Airmen (#96); Walking in Rhythm by the Blackbyrds (#97); Linda on My Mind by Conway Twitty (#98); Before the Next Teardrop Falls by Freddy Fender (#99); and What an Animal by Fludd (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CFRW)
1 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
2 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
3 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
4 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
5 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
6 Lonely People--America
7 No No Song--Ringo Starr
8 Changes--David Bowie
9 Lady--Styx
10 (Make Me Do) Anything You Want--A Foot in Coldwater
11 Shaving Cream--Benny Bell
12 You're No Good--Linda Ronstadt
13 Mandy--Barry Manilow
14 She's My Lady--Jayson Hoover
15 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
16 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
17 Best of My Love--The Eagles
18 Pick Up the Pieces--AWB
19 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
20 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
21 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
22 In the Mood--Rush
23 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
24 Chevy Van--Sammy Johns
25 Judy Played the Jukebox--The Crescent Street Stompers
26 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
27 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
28 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
29 Long Tall Glasses (I Can Dance)--Leo Sayer
30 Dancin' (On a Saturday Night)--Bond

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)
2 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
3 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
4 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
5 No No Song--Ringo Starr
6 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
7 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
8 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
9 Changes--David Bowie
10 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
11 Sad Sweet Dreamer--Sweet Sensation
12 Fire--Ohip Players
13 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
14 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
15 Can You Give it All to Me--Myles and Lenny
16 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
17 Mandy--Barry Manilow
18 I Can Dance--Shooter
19 Nightingale--Carole King
20 Part of the Plan--Dan Fogelberg
21 Butter Boy--Fanny
22 Emma--Hot Chocolate
23 Up in a Puff of Smoke--Polly Brown
24 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
25 Powerful People--Gino Vannelli
26 Back Up (Against Your Persuasion)--Black & Ward
27 Uproar--Anne Murray
28 Best of My Love--The Eagles
29 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
30 In the Mood--Rush

Economics and finance
U.S. President Gerald Ford signed a $22.8-billion tax cut bill aimed at spurring American recovery from recession.

Hockey
NHL
Kansas City 1 @ Montreal 4
Boston 1 @ Toronto 1

Guy Lafleur's 50th goal of the season with 5:56 remaining in the 1st period was the winner as the Canadiens defeated the Scouts before 17,708 fans at the Montreal Forum in the Quebec and French Hockey Night in Canada telecast. Pete Mahovlich, Steve Shutt, and Mario Tremblay scored the other Montreal goals, while Guy Charron broke up Ken Dryden's bid for a shutout with 11:47 remaining in the game.

Ken Hodge of the Bruins and Clare Alexander of the Maple Leafs each scored powerplay goals in the 2nd period of their tie before 16,485 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast. Boston goalie Gilles Gilbert made 40 saves, while Toronto goalie Gord McRae made 34 saves.

WHA
Toronto 5 @ Quebec 4 (OT)
Winnipeg 9 @ New England 3
Minnesota 2 @ Houston 8
San Diego 7 @ Vancouver 3

Frank Mahovlich's 36th goal of the season with 2:05 remaining in overtime gave the Toros their win over the Nordiques before 11,630 fans at Le Colisee, moving the Toronto into a first-place tie with Quebec in the Canadian Division.

Bobby Hull scored his 73rd, 74th, and 75th goals of the season to lead the Jets over the Whalers before 10,507 fans at Hartford Civic Center.

Gordie, Mark, and Marty Howe each scored a goal as the Aeros beat the Fighting Saints before 7,979 fans at Sam Houston Coliseum.

Rick Sentes scored 3 goals and Andre Lacroix had 3 assists as the Mariners beat the Blazers before 7,597 fans at Pacific Coliseum. The loss was the seventh straight for the Blazers, eliminating Vancouver from playoff contention.

Basketball
ABA
New York 95 @ Kentucky 126
St. Louis 130 @ Denver 140

Dan Issel scored 38 points to lead the Colonels over the Nets before 11,874 fans at Freedom Hall in Louisville. Mr. Issel got into a fight with former teammate Wendell Ladner in the 4th quarter.

Marvin Barnes scored 40 points, but it wasn't enough to prevent the Spirits from losing to the Nuggets before 7,224 fans at Denver Auditorium Arena.

Baseball
The New York Yankees released pitcher Mel Stottlemyre, ending his career. Mr. Stottlemyre joined the Yankees midway through the 1964 season and pitched in that year's World Series. The Yankees declined after that season, but Mr. Stottlemyre performed well, compiling a record of 164-139 with an earned run average of 2.97 through 1974, and reachng the 20-win plateau in 1965, 1968, and 1969. Shoulder problems shortened Mr. Stottlemyre's season in 1974, and he was unable to pitch in any spring training games in 1975.

The Boston Red Sox traded first baseman Danny Cater to the St. Louis Cardinals for outfielder Danny Godby. Mr. Cater had played with five teams in 10 years from 1965-1974, batting .276 with 66 home runs and 517 runs batted in. In 1974, his third season with Boston, Mr. Cater had batted .246 with 5 homers and 20 RBIs in 56 games. Mr. Godby had batted .344 with Tulsa of the American Association in 1974 before being called up to the Cardinals, batting .154 (2 for 13) in 13 games. He was assigned to the Pawtucket Red Sox of the International League.

The Detroit Tigers traded first baseman Reggie Sanders to the Atlanta Braves for first baseman Jack Pierce. Mr. Sanders had batted .292 with 14 home runs and 88 runs batted in for Evansville of the American Association in 1974 before being called up to Detroit, where he batted .273 with 3 homers and 10 RBIs in 26 games, including a home run in his first major league plate appearance. Mr. Pierce had played briefly with the Braves in 1973 and 1974, batting .069 (2 for 29) in 17 games. He spent most of the 1974 season with Jalisco in the Mexican League, batting .306 with 28 homers and 87 RBIs. The Tigers assigned Mr. Pierce to Evansville, while the Braves assigned Mr. Sanders to the Richmond Braves of the International League.

Earl Stephenson allowed 14 hits but was credited with the win in his Mexican League debut as the Monterrey Sultans beat the Coahuila Miners 5-3. Juan Martinez aided the Monterrey cause with a 2-run home run.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're My Heart, You're My Soul--Modern Talking (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Want To Know What Love Is--Foreigner (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
Luther Terry, 73
. U.S. physician. Dr. Terry was Surgeon General of the United States from 1961-1965. He was best known for Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States, released on January 11, 1964, which concluded that lung cancer and chronic bronchitis were causally related to cigarette smoking.

Jeanne Deckers, aka Sœur Sourire and The Singing Nun, 61. Belgian nun and musician. Miss Deckers, who took the name Sister Luc-Gabrielle when she became a Dominican nun in 1959, wrote and performed songs under the name Sœur Sourire (The Singing Nun in English-speaking countries). Her album Dominique became an international bestseller in 1962, and the title song, sung in French, was a major international hit in 1963. Miss Deckers left the Dominican order several years later, continuing as a lay Dominican. Her subsequent musical career was mostly unsuccessful, and she and Annie Pécher, with whom she had lived for almost 20 years, both committed suicide with overdoses of barbiturates and alcohol, citing financial difficulties.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 7 @ Hartford 8

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Oi beibi/Tuhansien sulojen maa--Raptori (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): That Sounds Good to Me--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
The Czechoslovak parliament was unable to reach an agreement on what to call the country after the fall of Communism, sparking the so-called Hyphen War.

Society
Canada’s best-known abortionist, Henry Morgentaler, who was in the process of opening a clinic in Edmonton, was speaking in the Tory Lecture Theatre at the University of Alberta. A pro-life rally was held on campus before the event, and even the local media had to admit that the pro-life crowd was considerably larger than the pro-abortion crowd. This blogger was at the pro-life rally, and I noticed that some of the abortion supporters were the same ones who had been wearing blue jeans on campus in support of sodomite rights eight days earlier.

Hockey
NHL
Chicago 4 Toronto 2

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Terry Moore, 82
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Moore was a center fielder with the St. Louis Cardinals (1935-1942, 1946-1948), batting .280 with 80 home runs and 513 runs batted in in 1,298 games. He was with the Cardinals when they won World Series championships in 1942 and 1946, and was considered one of the best defensive center fielders of his time. Mr. Moore was a coach with the Cardinals from 1949-1952 and 1956-1958, and managed the Philadelphia Phillies for the final half of the 1954 season, compiling a record of 35-42.

Academia
University of Alberta students Ezra Levant and David Malmo-Levine debated capitalism vs. anarchism, with Mr. Levant, a law student, speaking on behalf of capitalism, and Mr. Malmo-Levine, an arts student, speaking on behalf of anarchism. This blogger was among the 150 or so in attendance in the Alumni Room of the Students' Union Building.

World events
Authorities in Moscow seized the Russian offices of the religious sect Aum Shinrikyo, which claimed 30,000 members in Russia. The Japanese-based movement had killed 12 people in Tokyo on March 20 by releasing nerve gas into the subway system.

Politics and government
Four versions of a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that would limit members of the House of Representatives and Senate to 12 years service or less were rejected by Congress, with none coming close to the two-thirds majority required for approval.

Labour
The Major League Baseball Players Association, on strike since August 11, 1994, voted unanimously to return to the playing field in Federal District Court Judge Sonia Sotomayor were to grant an injuntion and reinstate the contract that had been in effect before the strike.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Johnnie Cochran, 67
. U.S. lawyer. Mr. Cochran practiced in Los Angeles, and was best known for leading the defense team of former football star O.J. Simpson, winning an acquittal in 1995 on the charges of murdering Mr. Simpson's ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. He died of a brain tumour.

Saturday, 28 March 2015

March 28, 2015

130 years ago
1885


War
A.G. Irvine withdrew his North West Mounted Police force from Fort Carlton, Northwest Territories, to Prince Albert; he had arrived with reinforcements to fight the North West Rebellion. Meanwhile, General Frederick Dobson Middleton left for the west in command of 5,000 troops to fight the North West Rebellion.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Paul Whiteman
. U.S. bandleader. Mr. Whiteman, nicknamed the "King of Jazz," was one of the most popular bandleaders of the 1920s, recruiting into his orchestra too many talented people to name here. Mr. Whiteman's orchestra recorded 32 singles that reached #1 in the United States, but Mr. Whteman was perhaps best known for commissioning George Gershwin's composition Rhapsody in Blue, first performed and recorded in 1924. Mr. Whiteman was musical director of the ABC radio network in the 1940s and '50s; he died on December 29, 1967 at the age of 77.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Jay Livingston
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Livingston--born Jacob Levison--and songwriting partner Jay Evans were known for writing songs for movies, and three Academy Awards for Best Original Song: Buttons and Bows (The Paleface, 1948); Mona Lisa (Captain Carey, U.S.A., 1950); and Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera) (The Man Who Knew Too Much, 1956). Mr. Livingston died on October 17, 2001 at the age of 86.

80 years ago
1935


Radio
The Canadian Radio Commission prohibited "sales talks or spot advertising" on Sundays.

75 years ago
1940


War
The Allied War Council in London issued a communique indicating that France and Britain would not conclude a peace treaty without mutual consent. Secret plans to cut the supply of Swedish iron ore to Germany through Norwegian waters were adopted.

Diplomacy
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles returned to Washington and reported to President Franklin D. Roosevelt on his European fact-finding trip.

Politics and government
Alexander Augustus Frederick, Earl of Athlone was approved by the cabinet as the next Governor General of Canada, replacing John Buchan, Lord Tweedsmuir, who had died in office on February 11, 1940.

The Standing Committee of the National Party in Chungking gave the title of "Father of the Chinese Republic" to Sun Yat-sen.

Crime
Three men pled guilty in New York to smuggling aliens into the United States from the liner Uruguay.

Education
The New York State Senate passed and sent to Governor Herbert Lehman the McCaffrey bill providing for a Bill of Rights Week in public schools.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced a 24.4% decrease in total sales on all security exchanges for the month of February 1940.

70 years ago
1945


Literature
The American Academy of Arts and Letters announced that W.H. Auden was the winner of the Academy's annual poetry prize.

War
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt made his fourth appeal for enactment of a manpower bill, urging the Senate to adopt the conference report. U.K. troops in northern Germany reached the city of Borken and pushed on to Muenster, while further south, American troops took Kirchellen, Sterkrade, and Ruhrort. Soviet forces captured Gdynia on the Baltic and Gyoer and Komarno at the Czech-Hungarian border. The Japanese drive on the U.S. air base at the Chinese city of Laohokow reached a point 25 miles northeast of the city.

Diplomacy
The government of Argentina said that staff members of the Japanese embassy had been confined to their homes under police guard.

The U.S. State Department announced an invitation to Syria and Lebanon to attend the San Francisco Conference to found the United Nations.

Politics and government
It was reported from Reykjavik that President Svejnn Bjoernsson would have no opposition in Iceland's first presidential election in June 1945.

Labour
U.S. Chamber of Commerce President Eric Johnson, American Federation of Labor President William Green, and Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray signed a charter for postwar industrial relations, calling for mutual recognition, social security measures, increased foreign tradem and the establishment of a national business-labour committee.

Soft coal miners authorized United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis to call a strike.

Technology
International Telephone & Telegraph announced the formation of International Telecommunications Laboratories Inc. to coordinate the parent firm's worldwide electronic research on radio, television, and aerial navigation.

Dr. Katherine Blodgett of General Electric was chosen by the American Association of University Women for its annual achievement award for inventing "invisible gas" and developing a method of preventing wasteful loss of light by depositing a non-reflecting film on glass.

50 years ago
1965


Died on this date
Jack Hoxie, 80
. U.S actor. Mr. Hoxie was a popular star of Western movies from 1913-1929.

Clemence Dane, 77. U.K. author. Miss Dane, whose real name was Winifred Ashton, was known for plays such as A Bill of Divorcement (1921) and novels such as Enter Sir John (1928). She and Anthony Pelissier won an Academy Award for their screenplay for Perfect Strangers (1945).

Charles Train, 74. U.K. soldier. Corporal Train served with the London Regiment (London Scottish) in Jerusalem during World War I. His actions in killing enemy soldiers near Jerusalem on December 8, 1917 earned him the Victoria Cross. Corporal Train was later promoted to Sergeant; he eventually moved to Canada, and died in Vancouver.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Griechischer Wein--Udo Jürgens (7th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Los Angeles 2 @ Vancouver 4
Washington 5 @ California 3

Don Lever scored a goal and 2 assists as the Canucks outshot the Kings 41-16 in defeating them before a sellout crowd of 15,570 at Pacific Coliseum. The win moved Vancouver a point ahead of the Chicago Black Hawks and 3 points ahead of the St. Louis Blues in the battle for first place in the Smythe Division.

Nelson Pyatt scored the winning goal with 13:29 remaining in the game and scored another into an empty net with 16 seconds remaining as the Capitals defeated the Golden Seals before 3,933 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Arena for their first road win ever. The first-year expansion Washington team improved its record to 7-64-5.

WHA
Edmonton 4 @ Toronto 5

Wayne Dillon scored his 27th and 28th goals of the season and assisted on Frank Mahovlich's 35th and Tom Simpson's 51st as the Toros held on to edge the Oilers before 12,103 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens.

Basketball
NBA
Portland 105 @ Milwaukee 128
Cleveland 105 @ Houston 112
Kansas City-Omaha 103 @ Los Angeles 114

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar scored 38 points as the Bucks defeated the Trail Blazers before 10,938 fans at Milwaukee Arena.

Calvin Murphy scored 28 points as the Rockets beat the Cavaliers before 10,518 fans at Hofheinz Pavilion, the largest home crowd in Rockets' history to date.

Gail Goodrich scored a career-high 53 points--36 in the 2nd half--to lead the Lakers over the Kings before 11,243 fans at the Forum in Inglewood, California. Nate Archibald led Kansas City-Omaha with 40 points.

ABA
Kentucky 110 @ Virginia 88
Indiana 96 @ St. Louis 125

Artis Gilmore scored 28 points and Dan Issel added 23 as the Colonels beat the Squires before 5,703 fans at Norfolk Scope. The loss was Virginia's 64th of the season, an ABA record.

Maurice Lucas scored 28 points and grabbed 24 rebounds as the Spirits beat the Pacers before 4,311 fans at St. Louis Arena.

Baseball
The Oakland Athletics purchased outfielder Don Hopkins from the Montreal Expos. Mr. Hopkins had begun the 1974 season with the Kinston Expos of the Class A Carolina League, batting .301 in 82 games, with 49 stolen bases, before moving up to the Quebec Carnavals of the AA Eastern League, batting .261 in 12 games, with 8 stolen bases, and finally the Memphis Blues of the AAA International League, where he batted .091 in 8 games, with 2 stolen bases.

30 years ago
1985


Died on this date
Marc Chagall, 97
. Russian-born French artist. Mr. Chagall worked in several media, but was best known as one of the most prominent European modernist painters.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 3 @ Boston 6

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (6th week at #1)

Americana
U.S. President George H. W. Bush posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal to Jesse Owens. Mr. Owens, a Negro, had won four gold medals in track and field in the 1936 Summer Olympic Games in Berlin, thus damaging German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's ideas of German racial superiority. The award came 10 years almost to the day after Mr. Owens' death; he died on March 31, 1980 at the age of 66.

Diplomacy
Vytautas Landsbergis, President of the breakaway republic of Lithuania, called for talks with the Soviet government.

Protest
Two days of fighting among Negro factions in South Africa concluded with 25 fatalities.

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Mireille Durocher Bertin
. Haitian lawyer. Mrs. Bertin was an opponent of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and was planning to run for President against him when she was shot to death in Port-au-Prince while being driven by a client, Eugene "Junior" Baillergeau, away from the U.S. military’s Camp Democracy headquarters. Mr. Baillergeau, who was killed along with Mrs. Bertin, was in litigation with the U.S. military over damages a U.S. helicopter had allegedly done to his private plane.

Hugh O'Connor, 32. U.S. actor. Mr. O'Connor, the son of actor Carroll O'Connor, appeared with his father in the television series In the Heat of the Night (1988-1995). He had long had a problem with drug addiction, and fatally shot himself 10 days before his 33rd birthday.

Basketball
NBA
Chicago 113 @ New York 111

Michael Jordan scored 55 points and assisted on the winning field goal by Bill Wennington as the Bulls edged the Knickerbockers at Madison Square Garden.

10 years ago
2005


Disasters
The 2005 Sumatra earthquake rocked Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7, was the fourth strongest earthquake since 1965.

Friday, 27 March 2015

March 27, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Nyambura!

160 years ago
1855


Technology
Abraham Gesner, an inventor from Halifax, Nova Scotia, received U.S. patents for his kerosene distillation process. He and a group of investors subsequently set up North American Kerosene Gas Light Company, to market the new lamp fuel that would completely replace whale oil.

125 years ago
1890

Disasters

76 people were killed and 200 injured when a tornado struck Louisville, Kentucky.

90 years ago
1925


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal Canadiens (NHL) 4 @ Victoria Cougars (WCHL) 2 (Victoria led best-of-five series 2-1)

80 years ago
1935


Died on this date
Huzaima bint Nasser of Syria, 50 or 51
. Queen of Syria, 1920; Queen of Iraq, 1921-1933. Queen Huzaima was the wife of Faisal, who was proclaimed King of Syria in March 1920. The Kingdom of Syria was dissolved four months later, but Faisal was named King of Iraq, with Huzaima as Queen, in 1921. When King Faisal died in 1933, he was succeeded by his son Ghazi, and Huzaima became queen mother of Iraq.

Politics and government
British author John Buchan was created Lord Tweedsmuir as he was announced as the next Governor General of Canada. He officially replaced the Earl of Bessborough in the office on November 2, 1935.

75 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Michael Savage, 68
. Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1935-1940. Mr. Savage, a native of Australia who emigrated to New Zealand at the age of 35, led the first N.Z. Labour Party government, and was the architect of the country's welfare state. He represented Auckland West in the House of Representatives from 1919, and led the Labour Party from 1933, until his death from colon cancer four days after his 68th birthday. Mr. Savage was succeeded as Prime Minister by Peter Fraser.

War
Evacuation of about 100,000 people from areas ceded to the U.S.S.R. by Finland officially ended at midnight.

World events
The Bolivian government of President Gualberto Villarroel suppressed a leftist revolt in La Paz.

Defense
U.S. War Secretary Harry Woodring revealed the government's plan to sell 1,200 planes to the U.K. and France.

Diplomacy
The United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved an investigation of foreign propaganda in the United States.

The U.S. House of Representatives approved and sent to President Franklin D. Roosevelt the Starnes bill providing for deportation of any alien engaged in espionage or propaganda.

Politics and government
Finnish Prime Minister Risto Ryti organized a peacetime cabinet.

Leaders of the Progressive Republican Clubs in Wisconsin refused to endorse New York District Attorney Thomas Dewey as the party's nominee for President of the United States in the November 1940 election.

70 years ago
1945


War
Argentina declared war on Japan and Germany. British units broke through German defenses around Brunen at the northern end of of the front, and plunged eastward across the Westphalian front. Soviet troops drove to within 20 miles of the Austro-Hungarian border. U.S. troops in the Philippines captured Cebu City and its port facilities. Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways, began.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives approved the compromise job bill giving extensive power to Office of War Mobilization Director James Byrnes and sent it to the Senate.

60 years ago
1955


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Gielgud and Ralph Richardson, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Silver Blaze

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I'll Never Find Another You--The Seekers (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Toujours des Beaux Jours--Sheila

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Io che non vivo--Pino Donaggio (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Downtown--Petula Clark

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Letkiss--Gudrun Jankis; Stig Rauno; Dutch College Swing Band (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Last Time--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Stop! In the Name of Love--The Supremes

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Stop! In the Name of Love--The Supremes
2 The Birds and the Bees--Jewel Akens
3 King of the Road--Roger Miller
4 Can't You Hear My Heartbeat--Herman's Hermits
5 Eight Days a Week--The Beatles
6 Ferry Cross the Mersey--Gerry & the Pacemakers
7 Goldfinger--Shirley Bassey
--[John Barry and his Orchestra]
8 Shotgun--Jr. Walker and the All Stars
9 Red Roses for a Blue Lady--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
10 This Diamond Ring--Gary Lewis and the Playboys

Singles entering the chart were The Last Time by the Rolling Stones (#71); Ooo Baby Baby by the Miracles (#72); Double-O-Seven by the Detergents (#80); Come Back Baby by Roddie Joy (#81); Crazy Downtown by Allan Sherman (#82); You Can Have Him by Dionne Warwick (#83); Why Did I Choose You by Barbra Streisand (#86); Somebody Else is Taking My Place (#87)/With All My Heart (#99) by Al Martino; That'll Be the Day by the Everly Brothers (#90); Baby the Rain Must Fall by Glenn Yarbrough (#91); Hawaii Honeymoon by the Waikikis (#93); I'll Never Find Another You by the Seekers (#95); Whipped Cream by Herb Alpert's Tijuana Brass (#96); I've Got Five Dollars and It's Saturday Night by George and Gene (#97); The Entertainer by Tony Clarke (#98); and This is It by Jim Reeves (#100). George and Gene were George Jones and Gene Pitney.

On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Douglas Wilmer and Nigel Stock, on BBC 1
Tonight's episode: The Six Napoleons

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Bye Bye Baby--Bay City Rollers

Died on this date
Arthur Bliss, 83
. U.K. composer. Sir Arthur composed various choral and orchestral works. He became music director of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the 1940s, and served as Master of the Queen's Music from 1953 until his death.

Oil
Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System began.

Hockey
WHA
Winnipeg 0 @ Houston 8

Gordie Howe scored 2 goals and 2 assists and his son Mark added a goal and an assist as the Aeros routed the Jets before 7,829 fans at Sam Houston Coliseum.

Basketball
NBA
Kansas City-Omaha 103 @ Golden State 111

Rick Barry scored 34 points and Derrek Dickey grabbed 23 rebounds to lead the Warriors over the Kings before 12,787 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Arena.

Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates released pitcher Steve Blass, three days after he walked 8 batters in the 4th inning of a spring training game against the Chicago White Sox. Mr. Blass played with the Pirates in 1964 and 1966-1974, compiling a record of 103-76 with an earned run average of 3.63. He won 2 games in the 1971 World Series against the Baltimore Orioles, including the seventh game, and was 19-8 in 1972. In 1973, Mr. Blass suddenly lost his control--walking 84 batters in 88 2/3 innings--and was never able to regain it.

The St. Louis Cardinals released second baseman Ron Hunt. Mr. Hunt played with the New York Mets (1963-1966); Los Angeles Dodgers (1967); San Francisco Giants (1968-1970); and Montreal Expos (1971-1974) before joining the Cardinals in September 1974. He batted .273 with 39 home runs and 370 runs batted in in 1,483 games. Mr. Hunt was best known for his ability to get hit by pitches; he led the National League in each of his last 7 seasons, setting a major league single-season record in 1971 with 50. His career total of 243 was the major league record until it was broken by Don Baylor in 1987.

Tha Atlanta Braves released catcher Paul Casanova. The Cuban native played with the Washington Senators (1965-1971) before joining the Braves in 1972. He batted .225 with 50 home runs and 252 runs batted in in 859 games.

The Texas Rangers released pitcher Bob Johnson, three days after he gave up 4 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 1 inning in a spring training game against the Minnesota Twins. Mr. Johnson had pitched with four major league teams from 1969-1974, compiling a record of 28-33 before joining the Rangers after the 1974 season. He was a teammate of Mr. Blass with the Pittsburgh Pirates' World Series championship team in 1971.

30 years ago
1985


Scandal
Tulane University basketball player John "Hot Rod" Williams was arrested and indicted on two counts of sports bribery and three counts of conspiracy. According to his indictment, Mr. Williams had accepted at least $8,550 for manipulating point spreads in Metro Conference games against Southern Mississippi, Memphis State, and Virginia Tech. The case ended in a mistrial, after which the charges were dropped.

25 years ago
1990


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Faith

The United States began broadcasting TV Martí--a network broadcasting propaganda against the Cuban dictatorship of Fidel Castro--to Cuba.

Died on this date
Marilyn Buferd, 65
. U.S. actress. Miss Buferd, representing California, was Miss America for 1946. Her undistinguised movie career included The Unearthly (1957) and Queen of Outer Space (1958).

Diplomacy
The Soviet government ordered all foreigners to leave Lithuania.

Protest
Two days of fighting began between Negro factions in South Africa.

Politics and government
The outgoing Sandanista government of Nicaragua signed an agreement recognizing recently-elected President Violetta Chamorro's right to have full authority over the army and security forces.

Economics and finance
Provincial finance ministers declined to help the government of Canada collect the goods and services tax, scheduled to go into effect on January 18, 1991.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Quiero volar--G.E.M. (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Strong Enough--Sheryl Crow (2nd week at #1)
2 Take a Bow--Madonna
3 I Know--Dionne Farris
4 She's a River--Simple Minds
5 The Ballad of Peter Pumpkinhead--Crash Test Dummies
6 You Lose You Gain--John Bottomley
7 O Siem--Susan Aglukark
8 Believe--Elton John
9 Mishale--Andru Donalds
10 Gel--Collective Soul

Singles entering the chart were I Go Wild by the Rolling Stones (#74); I Believe by Blessed Union of Soul (#81); Star 69 by R.E.M. (#82); Fly from Heaven by Toad the Wet Sprocket (#83); I Live My Life for You by Firehouse (#84); Lusitana by the Watchmen (#85); Love the One You're With by Luther Vandross (#87); The Old Neighbourhood by Mike Shields (#92); Anything for You by Snow featuring Nadine Sutherland, Beenie Man, Buju Banton Terror Fabulous, Louie Culture & Kulture Knox (#93); Grey Dusk of Eve by the Rankin Family (#96); and The Blue Train by Linda Ronstadt (#97).

Movies
The Academy Awards for 1994 were presented at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. The awards for Forrest Gump included Best Picture; Best Director (Robert Zemeckis); and Best Actor (Tom Hanks). Other awards included: Best Actress--Jessica Lange (Blue Sky); Martin Landau (Ed Wood); Dianne Wiest (Bullets Over Broadway); and Foreign Language Film--Burnt by the Sun.

Died on this date
Tony Lovink, 92
. High Commissioner of the Crown in the Dutch East Indies (Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies), 1949. Mr. Lovink was the last person to represent the Dutch Crown in the Dutch East Indies before they gained their independence as Indonesia in 1949.

Business
Bell Canada said that it would slash 10,000 jobs over three years while spending $1.7 billion Canadian to remake Canada's largest phone company.

Wednesday, 25 March 2015

March 26, 2015

130 years ago
1885


Movies
The Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company of Rochester, New York manufactured the first commercial motion picture film.

War
Metis leader Gabriel Dumont led an ambush of a force of 98 North West Mounted Police officers and volunteers, led by Superintendent Leif Crozier, at Duck Lake, Northwest Territories, forcing the police to retreat to Prince Albert with 12 dead. It was the first battle of the North West Rebellion (Second Riel Rebellion).

100 years ago
1915


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
Ottawa Senators (NHA) 3 @ Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) 12 (Vancouver won best-of-five series 3-0)

The Millionaires routed the Senators at Denman Arena in a game played under PCHA rules to complete the sweep of the first Stanley Cup final series between the champions of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association and the National Hockey Association. Fred "Cyclone" Taylor led the Millionaires with 6 goals in the series, while teammate Barney Stanley scored 5, including the series winner at 5:30 of the 2nd period.

75 years ago
1940


War
In his first address as Prime Minister of France, Paul Reynaud cautioned German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler not to make advances into the Balkans.

Diplomacy
Reports from London indicated that the United Kingdom would not recognize the Japanese-sponsored government in central China led by Wang Ching-wei.

Defense
The U.S. government decided to sell P-46 pursuit planes to the U.K. and France.

The United States Army successfully tested a new means of aerial photography, using bombs exploded above the target area to serve as a light source.

Politics and government
The Liberal Party, under the leadership of Prime Minister Mackenzie King, easily retained power in the Canadian federal election, taking 179 of 245 seats in the House of Commons and more than 51% of the popular vote. Their total was 8 more than in the election of 1935, and was the largest majority since Confederation. The Conservatives, led by R.J. Manion, were reduced to 39 seats. Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, led by J.S. Woodsworth, won 8 seats. Social Credit (7) and New Democracy (3), running together, took 10 seats. Other seats were captured by Liberal-Progressive (3); independent Liberal (2); independent Conservative (1); independent (1); Unity (1); and United Reform Movement (1).

Crime
Seven men from the liner Uruguay were indicted by a federal grand jury in New York City for smuggling aliens into the United States.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rum and Coca-Cola--The Andrews Sisters (5th week at #1)
--Abe Lyman and his Orchestra
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
2 My Dreams are Getting Better All the Time--Les Brown and his Orchestra
--Phil Moore Four
3 Ac-Cent-Tchu-Ate the Positive--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Artie Shaw and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
4 Candy--Johnny Mercer, Jo Stafford and the Pied Pipers
--Dinah Shore
5 I'm Beginning to See the Light--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
6 Saturday Night (Is the Loneliest Night in the Week)--Frank Sinatra
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
7 A Little on the Lonely Side--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
8 More and More--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
9 Don't Fence Me In--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Kate Smith
--Horace Heidt and his Musical Knights
10 Dream--The Pied Pipers
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra

The only single entering the chart was I Begged Her by Frank Sinatra (#29).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Book of Tobit

Died on this date
David Lloyd George, 82
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1916-1922. Mr. Lloyd George, a native of England who moved with his family to their native Wales as a child, was a Liberal Party member of the House of Commons from 1890-1945. He held various cabinet posts before succeeding Herbert Asquith as Prime Minister during World War I. He led a coalition government during the war and played a major role at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. The coalition fell apart in 1922, and the Liberals fell from power, never to regain it. Mr. Lloyd George succeeded Mr. Asquith as Liberal leader in 1926, leading the party unitl 1931. In the 1930s he was viewed as having a favourable attitude toward Germany and German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. Mr. Lloyd George opposed Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, but declined the offer of a cabinet post when Mr. Chamberlain resigned in favour of Winston Churchill in 1940. Mr. Lloyd George supported a negotiated peace with Germany early in World War II, and was regarded as a defeatist.

War
Canada's Commonwealth Air Training Program ended after graduating 131,500. Seven Allied armies advanced east of the Rhine River as German resistance became increasingly disorganized. The Battle of Iwo Jima ended as the Pacific island was officially secured by American forces. About 22,000 Japanese troops were killed or captured in the fighting, and more than 4,500 U.S. troops were killed. U.S. troops in the Philippines landed on the east coast of Cebu Island and reached within 2 1/2 miles of Cebu City, facing only mooderate opposition from Japanese forces.

Economics and finance
A decree from the government of Argentina put all firms from Axis countries under Argentine military control.

The United States Senate voted to raise the national debt limit $40 billion to $300 billion, and sent the measure to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Opening its food inquiry, the United States Senate Agricultural Committee heard representatives of the meat packing industry charge the Office of Price Administration with being largely responsible for meat shortages because it followed "a social philosophy which regards profit as a sin."

Business
The U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear arguments on the charge that 20 railroads had conspired to maintain freight rates discriminating against the state of Georgia, as alleged by Georgia Governor Ellis Arnall.

Basketball
NCAA
DePaul University defeated Bowling Green University 71-54 to win the National Invitation Tournament at Madison Square Garden in New York.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Need You Now--Eddie Fisher (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Give Me Your Word--Tennessee Ernie Ford (5th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Ballad of Davy Crockett--Bill Hayes (Best Seller--1st week at #1); Sincerely--The McGuire Sisters (Disc Jockey--7th week at #1; Jukebox--4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Ballad of Davy Crockett--Bill Hayes
2 Melody of Love--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
--David Carroll and his Orchestra
--The Four Aces
3 Sincerely--The McGuire Sisters
4 The Crazy Otto--Johnny Maddox and the Rhythmasters
5 Tweedlee Dee--Georgia Gibbs
--LaVern Baker and the Gliders
6 Ko Ko Mo (I Love You So)--Perry Como
--The Crew-Cuts
7 Earth Angel (Will You Be Mine)--The Penguins
--The Crew-Cuts
8 How Important Can it Be?--Joni James
--Sarah Vaughan
9 Open Up Your Heart (And Let the Sunshine In)--Cowboy Church Sunday School
10 Hearts of Stone--The Fontane Sisters
--The Charms

Singles entering the chart were Nobody by Perry Como (#27) and Play Me Hearts and Flowers (I Wanna Cry) by Johnny Desmond (#39).

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 The Birds and the Bees--Jewel Akens (2nd week at #1)
2 Can't You Hear My Heartbeat--Herman's Hermits
3 Eight Days a Week--The Beatles
4 Ferry Cross the Mersey--Gerry & the Pacemakers
5 King of the Road--Roger Miller
6 Do You Wanna Dance?--The Beach Boys
7 Stop! In the Name of Love--The Supremes
8 Goldfinger--Shirley Bassey
9 (Here They Come) From All Over the World--Jan & Dean
10 I Know a Place--Petula Clark
Pick hit of the week: Little Miss Go-Go--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
New this week: Little Sidewalk Surfer Girl--The Hondells
Crazy Downtown--Allan Sherman
Just Once in My Life--The Righteous Brothers
It's Got the Whole World Shakin'--Sam Cooke
I'll Never Find Another You--The Seekers
Why Did You Choose Me--Barbra Streisand

40 years ago
1975


At the movies
Tommy, based on the 1969 rock opera album of the same name by the Who, opened in theatres in North America.

Defense
The Biological Weapons Convention, signed on April 10, 1972, came into force now that it had been ratified by 22 states.

Politics and government
In the Alberta provincial election, Premier Peter Lougheed led his Progressive Conservative Party to a landslide re-election, taking 69 of 75 seats in the Legislature, an increase of 20 seats from their pre-election total. The PCs' increase came mainly at the expense of the Social Credit opposition, led by Werner Schmidt, who were reduced from 25 seats to 4, with Mr. Schmidt losing his seat. Gordon Taylor was elected as an independent Social Credit in Drumheller, and New Democratic Party leader Grant Notley retained his Spirit River-Fairview seat. In Calgary-Elbow, PC candidate Dave Russell was re-elected, finishing 5,000 votes ahead of Liberal candidate and future Canadian Senator Sharon Carstairs.

Economics and finance
The government of Canada raised the minimum wage for federal employees from $2.20-$2.60 per hour.

Basketball
ABA
St. Louis 116 @ Virginia 99

Marvin Barnes and Freddie Lewis each scored 30 points as the Spirits defeated the Squires before 2,411 fans at Hampton Coliseum.

Baseball
Larry Lintz, Jerry White, and Pepe Mangual each stole second base and came around to score as the Montreal Expos edged the Houston Astros 4-3 in a spring training game before 2,535 fans in Daytona Beach, Florida.

The Los Angeles Dodges scored 10 runs in 5 innings off starting pitcher Jack Billingham and held on to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 10-9 in a spring training game before 4,196 fans in Tampa, Florida. Jimmy Wynn hit a 3-run home run for Los Angeles, while Johnny Bench and Dave Concepcion homered for Cincinnati.

Jim Rooker, Wayne Simpson, and Dave Giusti combined to pitch a 5-hit shutout as the Pittsburgh Pirates blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 4-0 in a spring training game in Bradenton, Florida.

30 years ago
1985


Oil
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced that his Progressive Conservative government was ending the National Energy Program and moving to market value for crude, with equal treatment for the oil patch. The NEP was imposed by the Liberal government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in 1980.

25 years ago
1990


Movies
The Academy Awards for 1989 were presented at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. Awards for Driving Miss Daisy included Best Picture and Best Actress (Jessica Tandy). Other awards included: Best Director--Oliver Stone (Born on the Fourth of July); Best Actor--Daniel Day-Lewis (My Left Foot); Best Supporting Actor--Denzel Washington (Glory); Best Supporting Actress--Brenda Fricker (My Left Foot); and Best Foreign Language Film--Cinema Paradiso.

Protest
In the Negro South African township of Sebokeng, 11 people were killed and hundreds wounded when police fired on a large crowd of demonstrators.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney sent New Brunswick Premier Frank McKenna's "companion resolution" to the Meech Lake constitutional accord to an all-party House of Commons committee, and begans public hearings.

Society
American pro-life speaker Joseph Scheidler gave a talk at the University of Alberta, three days in advance of the appearance of Henry Morgentaler, Canada’s best-known abortionist. This blogger put up a number of posters on campus--in places where permission to put up posters wasn’t required--advertising Mr. Scheidler’s appearance, and within a day all but one of the posters had been torn down; such is the "tolerance" of pro-abortion activists.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Old Pop in an Oak--Rednex (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Conquest of Paradise--Vangelis (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The Schengen Agreement came into effect, almost 10 years after it had been signed. It was an agreement by Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, West Germany, and France proposing the gradual abolition of border checks at the signatories' common borders.

Labour
The Canadian Parliament passed legislation ordering 30,000 striking railway employees back to work, ending a nation-wide week of chaos for travellers, commuters, and shippers.

Politics and government
Former diplomatic service bureaucrat Alan Keyes announced his intention to seek the 1996 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States, becoming the first Negro to seek the Republican nomination. Mr. Keyes was a Roman Catholic who was known for his opposition to abortion.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Gérard Filion, 95
. Canadian journalist. Mr. Filion published the Montreal newspaper Le Devoir from 1947-1963. He was a vocal critic of the Union Nationale government of Premier Maurice Duplessis.

James Callaghan, 92. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1976-1979. Mr. Calllaghan, a Labour Party member of the House of Commons from 1945-1987, held the cabinet posts of Chancellor of the Exchequer (1964-1967); Home Secretary (1967-1970); and Foreign Secretary (1974-1976) before succeeding the retiring Harold Wilson as Prime Minister. After Labour's loss to the Margaret Thatcher-led Conservative Party in the 1979 general election, Mr. Callaghan served as Leader of the Opposition until resigning as Labour Party leader in November 1980. He died the day before his 93rd birthday.

Marius Russo, 90. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Russo played with the New York Yankees (1939-1943, 1946), compiling a record of 45-34 with an earned run average of 3.13 in 120 games. He was a member of World Series championship teams in 1939, 1941, and 1943.

David Boone, 53. U.S.-born Canadian football player. Mr. Boone, a native of Detroit, was a defensive end who played in the National Football League with the Minnesota Vikings in 1974 and then went to the Canadian Football League, playing with the British Columbia Lions (1975); Ottawa Rough Riders (1976 pre-season); Hamilton Tiger-Cats (1976); Edmonton Eskimos (1977-1984 pre-season); and Toronto Argonauts (1984). He dressed for the Vikings when they lost Super Bowl IX against the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1975, and was a big part of the Eskimos' record string of 5 straight Grey Cups from 1978-1982, making the All-Western All-Star team in 1977, 1979, and 1981, and the All-Canadian team in 1981. Mr. Boone moved to Vancouver, British Columbia after his playing days were over, working in advertising in radio. This blogger had a pleasant conversation with Mr. Boone when he returned to Edmonton in August 2001 for a reunion of the Grey Cup dynasty teams, and I was greatly saddened to hear that he had fatally shot himself outside his house in Port Roberts, Washington. Mr. Boone apparently had suffered from depression for many years, perhaps the result of unreported head injuries from playing football.

Paul Hester, 46. Australian musician. Mr. Hester was best known as the drummer with the band Crowded House from 1986-1994. He left the group midway through their North American tour in 1994, but returned to play with them in their farewell concert in 1996. Mr. Hester suffered from depression and mood swings, and hanged himself from a tree in a park near his home in Melbourne.

Protest
The Taiwanese government of President Chen Shui-bian called on one million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China. The law, passed on March 14, 2005, formalized the long-standing policy of the PRC to use "non-peaceful means" against the "Taiwan independence movement" in the event of a declaration of independence. Around 200,000 to 300,000 attended the demonstration.