Saturday, 14 March 2015

March 15, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Bonnie Findlay and Walker Morrow!

75 years ago
1940


War
The Finnish Parliament ratified the Moscow Peace Treaty, ending the Winter War against the U.S.S.R. The French Senate, in secret session, severely criticized the government of Prime Minister Edouard Daladier for its war policies. Japanese forces reported a clash with Soviet troops on the Sakhalin-Karafuto border.

World events
The trial in Tokyo of U.S. newsman James R. Young concluded without an announced decision. Mr. Young had been indicted on February 26 for violating the Japanese army code by disseminating slanderous material about the Japanese military.

Diplomacy
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles returned to Rome for another round of talks with Italian leaders.

Economics and finance
Argentina and Japan concluded a trade treaty on a most-favoured-nation basis.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor said that a $10-billion increase in net wealth for 1940 would cut unemployment by 2.7 million.

Business
21 partners were to join Pierce & Company, making it the largest investment firm, in terms of numbers, on Wall Street in New York.

Medicine
Drs. Richard Steckel and John Murin of the University of Rochester reported succesful attempts to make cancer cells normal by treating them with insulin.

Olympics
Because of Japan's war against China, Japan announced that it would not send a team to the 1940 Summer Olympic Games in Helsinki.

Basketball
NCAA
The University of Colorado defeated Duquesne University 51-40 to win the National Invitation Tournament at Madison Square Garden in New York.

70 years ago
1945


Movies
The Academy Awards for 1944 were presented at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood, California. Going My Way was named Best Picture, and also won for Best Director (Leo McCarey); Best Actor (Bing Crosby); Best Supporting Actor (Barry Fitzgerald); and Best Original Song (Swinging on a Star, by Jimmy Van Heusen and Johnny Burke). Other awards included Best Actress--Ingrid Bergman (Gaslight) and Best Supporting Actress--Ethel Barrymore (None But the Lonely Heart).

Died on this date
Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, 52
. French writer. Mr. Drieu La Rochelle wrote novels, short stories, and political essays. Initially anti-Nazi, he changed his mind after a visit to Germany in 1935, and advocated collaboration with the regime after the Nazis occupied France in 1940. Mr. Drieu La Rochelle committed suicide rather than face the prospect of a death sentence from a French court.

War
The United States War Department revealed that U.S. ground force casualties in Europe from June 6, 1944-March 1, 1945 totalled 425,007, including 70,414 killed. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill told the Conservative Party convention that World War II would end "before summer ends, or even sooner." U.S. troops in Germany made gains of up to 3 miles in new operations in the Saar Basin and the Palatiniate. Soviet forces began an offensive to push Germans from Upper Silesia. Soviet forces made a 7-mile breakthrough to the coast of the Frisches Haff southwest of Koenigsberg, isolating the city from the main German forces. U.S. troops in the Philippines repulsed a Japanese attempt to land from barges 4 1/2 miles northwest of Batangas, Luzon.

World events
Three of the liberated Dodecanese Islands--Simi, Nisiro, and Stampalia--unanimously requested a union with Greece.

Politics and government
Dr. Juan Jose Arevalo took office as President of Guatemala.

Economics and finance
U.S. Office of Economic Stabilization Director William H. Davis wrote other department heads that the defeat of Germany would bring shock waves to the economy, and that it would be advisable to maintain controls for some time after World War II. The United States Senate voted to increase by $100 million an authorization for Federal Housing Authority insurance on privately financed war housing.

60 years ago
1955


Music
Fats Domino was at Master Recorders in Hollywood, California, where he and his band recorded the songs Ain't That a Shame and All by Myself.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Yenka--Johnny & Charley (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Born to Be with You--Butch Moore (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Eight Days a Week--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Shakin' All Over--Chad Allan and the Expressions (Guess Who?)
3 Go Now!--The Moody Blues
4 Ferry Cross the Mersey--Gerry & the Pacemakers
5 Goldfinger--Shirley Bassey
6 Come Home--The Dave Clark Five
7 Goodnight--Roy Orbison
8 Stop! In the Name of Love--The Supremes
9 It's About Time--Bobby Curtola
10 King of the Road--Roger Miller

Singles entering the chart were Ask the Lonely by the Four Tops (#22); Do You Wanna Dance? by the Beach Boys (#25); (Here They Come) From All Over the World by Jan & Dean (#28); Breakaway by the Newbeats (#30); Nowhere to Run by Martha & the Vandellas (#35); Who Can I Turn To by Dionne Warwick (#37); Come and Stay with Me by Marianne Faithfull (#38); Loving You by Dusty Springfield (#39); and Gee Baby I'm Sorry by Three Degrees (#40).

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Photographer and the Undertaker, starring Jack Cassidy, Harry Townes, Alfred Ryder, and Jocelyn Lane

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellites Cosmos 61, Cosmos 62, and Cosmos 63.

Politics and government
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson told a joint session of the United States Congress, "We shall overcome," while introducing the Voting Rights Act, prohibiting racial discrimination in voting.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Un corpo e un'anima--Wess & Dori Ghezzi (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): 100 Years--Joey Dyser (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: If--Telly Savalas (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Black Water--The Doobie Brothers

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
2 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
3 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
4 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
5 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
6 Lady--Styx
7 Pick Up the Pieces--Average White Band
8 No No Song--Ringo Starr
9 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
10 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)

Singles entering the chart were Stand by Me by John Lennon (#80); How Long by Ace (#87); Sun Goddess by Ramsey Lewis and Earth, Wind & Fire (#88); Reach Out, I'll Be There by Gloria Gaynor (#89); Runaway by Charlie Kulis (#95); Young Americans by David Bowie (#96); Touch Me Baby (Reaching Out for Your Love) by Tamiko Jones (#97); You're a Part of Me by Susan Jacks (#98); Everybody Wants to Find a Bluebird by Randy Edelman (#99); and Black Superman (Muhammad Ali) by Johnny Wakelin and the Kinshasa Band (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
2 Best of My Love--The Eagles
3 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
4 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
5 Pick Up the Pieces--AWB
6 Doctor's Orders--Carol Douglas
7 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
8 Fire--Ohio Players
9 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
10 Mandy--Barry Manilow

Singles entering the chart were I Don't Like to Sleep Alone by Paul Anka (#88); Loves Me Like a Brother by the Guess Who (#93); Emma by Hot Chocolate (#95); I Have a Dream by Donny Osmond (#96); Changes by Loggins and Messina (#97); I Wanna Learn a Love Song by Harry Chapin (#98); Love You All Night Long by Lorence Hud (#99); and Once You Get Started by Rufus featuring Chaka Khan (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CFRW)
1 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)
2 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
3 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
4 Changes--David Bowie
5 You're No Good--Linda Ronstadt
6 Mandy--Barry Manilow
7 Lonely People--America
8 Lady--Styx
9 Best of My Love--The Eagles
10 Pick Up the Pieces--AWB
11 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
12 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
13 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
14 Boogie On Reggae Woman--Stevie Wonder
15 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
16 (Make Me Do) Anything You Want--A Foot in Coldwater
17 Bungle in the Jungle--Jethro Tull
18 Movin' On--Bad Company
19 She's My Lady--Jayson Hoover
20 Shaving Cream--Benny Bell
21 California Jam--Klaatu
22 No No Song--Ringo Starr
23 Mother Earth--Ian Thomas
24 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
25 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
26 Judy Played the Jukebox--The Crescent Street Stompers
27 In the Mood--Rush
28 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
29 Get Dancin'--Disco Tex and the Sex-O-Lettes
30 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
2 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
3 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
4 Changes--David Bowie
5 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
6 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
7 Fire--Ohip Players
8 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
9 No No Song--Ringo Starr
10 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
11 Mandy--Barry Manilow
12 Best of My Love--The Eagles
13 Up in a Puff of Smoke--Polly Brown
14 Bungle in the Jungle--Jethro Tull
15 Can You Give it All to Me--Myles and Lenny
16 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
17 Powerful People--Gino Vannelli
18 Sad Sweet Dreamer--Sweet Sensation
19 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
20 Nightingale--Carole King
21 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
22 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
23 Part of the Plan--Dan Fogelberg
24 I Can Dance--Shooter
25 (Make Me Do) Anything You Want--A Foot in Coldwater
26 You Beat Me to the Punch--Charity Brown
27 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
28 Lady--Styx
29 Morning Side of the Mountain--Donny and Marie Osmond
30 Butter Boy--Fanny

At the movies
Funny Lady, starring Barbra Streisand, James Caan, Omar Sharif, Roddy McDowall, and Ben Vereen, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Aristotle Onassis, 69
. Ottoman-born Greek shipping magnate. Mr. Onassis amassed the world's largest privately-owned fleet, over 70 vessels. He was known for his friendship with Winston Churchill; his affair with singer Maria Callas; and his marriage to former U.S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy, which lasted from 1968 until his death in Paris from complications of the neuromuscular condition myasthenia gravis.

Hockey
NHL
Los Angeles 0 @ Montreal 3

Murray Wilson, Jacques Lemaire, and Jim Roberts scored in the 1st period as the Canadiens coasted to victory over the Kings before 18,734 fans at the Montreal Forum in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast on CBC. Mr. Roberts scored shorthanded with 7:48 remaining in the 1st period to close the scoring. Ken Dryden picked up the shutout in goal for Montreal, while ex-teammate Rogie Vachon took the loss for Los Angeles.

NCAA
Championship Final @ St. Louis Arena
Michigan Tech 6 Minnesota 1

George Lyle scored 2 goals and Jim Warden made 22 saves--several of them spectacular--as the Huskies avenged their loss to the Golden Gophers in the 1974 final. Bill Steele, Mike Zuke, Scott Jessee, and Bob D'Alvise scored the other Michigan Tech goals. Tom Younghans broke up the shutout with 10:11 remaining in the game. Mr. Warden was named the tournament's Most Valuable Player. Attendance was 6,835.

Baseball
The Los Angeles Dodgers signed Juan Marichal, who had been one of the best pitchers in baseball for most of his career with the San Francisco Giants from 1960-1973, posting a record of 238-140 with an earned run average of 2.84. He was sold to the Boston Red Sox after the 1973 season, but missed most of 1974 with injuries, posting a 5-1 record with an ERA of 4.89 in 11 games. The Red Sox released him on October 24, 1974.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're My Heart, You're My Soul--Modern Talking (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Want To Know What Love Is--Foreigner (8th week at #1)

Politics and government
Brazil's 21-year military dictatorship ended, as Jose Sarney of the Liberal Front took office as both Vice President and acting President. Tancredo Neves had won the presidential election on January 15, but had fallen seriously ill, and was unable to assume the duties of the presidency.

Technology
The first Internet domain name, symbolics.com, was registered by the Symbolics Computer Corporation of Massachusetts.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Oi beibi/Tuhansien sulojen maa--Raptori

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Brits Mix 1990--Various artists

Died on this date
Tom Harmon, 70. U.S. football player and sportscaster. Mr. Harmon was an all-around athlete in high school in Gary, Indiana before going to the University of Michigan, where he was a star halfback from 1938-1940, winning the Heisman Trophy as the outstanding college football player in the United States in his final year of the Wolverines. He was the first overall draft choice in the National Football League draft for 1941, being selected by the Chicago Bears, but opted instead to sign with the New York Americans of the American Football League. Mr. Harmon spent the next three years in the U.S. Army Air Force in the Pacific theatre, once being the only survivor of a plane crash. He played with the Los Angeles Rams of the NFL from 1946-1947 before embarking on a long and successful career as a sportscaster, broadcasting college and professional football games. He died of a heart attack after winning a golf tournament.

Farzad Bazoft 31. Iranian-born U.K. journalist.
Mr. Bazoft, a journalist with the British newspaper The Observer, was executed by Iraqi authorities four days after being convicted of espionage. British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher called the execution "an act of barbarism."

Politics and government
The Israeli coalition government led by Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir fell when it was defeated 60-55 on a non-confidence vote in the Knesset. The vote came after Mr. Shamir refused to accept a U.S. plan for peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians. Likud’s coalition partner, the Labor Party, voted against the government, but the key votes were held by small religious parties. Five members of the Shas party withheld their support for Mr. Shamir after he refused to compromise on the U.S. proposal, and that allowed the non-confidence motion to pass.

Mikhail Gorbachev was elected President of the U.S.S.R. two days after the presidency had been redefined as a more powerful position, but he barely received the required 2/3 of the vote.

Abominations
Canadian Solicitor General Pierre Cadieux announced that Sikhs in the Royal Canadian Mounted Police could wear turbans and other religious garb while in uniform.

20 years ago
1995


Labour
The U.S. National Labor Relations Board issued a complaint against major league baseball owners for "refusing to bargain collectively and in good faith." Players had been on strike since August 12, 1994.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers for finished goods had risen 0.3% in February.

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