Sunday, 22 March 2015

March 22, 2015

250 years ago

The British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, introducing a tax to be levied directly on its American colonies.

130 years ago

The Canadian government of Prime Minister John A. Macdonald ordered Canadian troops mobilized because of the North West Rebellion.

120 years ago

At the movies
In what is generally regarded as the first public display of a movie projected onto a screen, Auguste and Louis Lumiere showed their first movie – the one-minute La Sortie de l'Usine Lumière à Lyon (Employees Leaving the Lumiere Factory) – to an invited audience in Paris.

100 years ago

Stanley Cup
Ottawa Senators (NHA) 2 @ Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) 6 (Vancouver led best-of-five series 1-0)

The Millioniaires defeated the Senators at Denman Arena in the first ever Stanley Cup finals game between the champions of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association and the National Hockey Association. The game was played under PCHA rules.

75 years ago

British control officers at Gibraltar boarded the Italian liner Conte Di Savoia, reportedly in search of German banker Hjalmar Schacht. Japanese War Minister Shunroku Hata said in Tokyo that his country's policies could not be limited by the Nine Power Pact.

The United States Senate passed and sent to conference a $1-billion defense bill for 1941. The United States War Department announced a new long-range bomber capable of travelling 6,000 miles with 28 tons of bombs.

Economics and finance
Nicaragua announced that it would join the Inter-American Bank.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Eliahu Bet-Tsouri; Eliahu Hakim
. Palestinian terrorists. Messrs. Bet-Tsouri and Hakim, members of the Jewish terrorist organization known as the Stern Gang, were hanged in Cairo for the November 6, 1944 murder in Cairo of Lord Moyne, the British Minister resident in Egypt.

20 divisions of the U.S. 3rd and 7th Armies made progress in clearing the remaining German forces from the west side of the Rhine River, taking the area between Bingen and Mainz. U.S. forces also entered Boehl; reached Gommersheim; seized Annweiler; and established a new bridgehead across the Rhine east of Frankenthal. The U.S.S.R. claimed that their offensive in Upper Silesia had trapped or liquidated 45,000 German troops.

Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria signed a charter in Cairo to form the Arab League.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Joint Commission on Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures reported to Congress and President Franklin D. Roosevelt that the country had saved more than $3 billion in three years through its recommendations.

The U.S. State Department notified 14 Latin American countries that the request for a rise in the ceiling prices of green coffee could not be granted because it was necessary to hold the line against inflation.

The U.S. Office of Price Administration announced a rise of subsidy payments to cattle slaughterers by 50c per 100 pounds in an effort to get more beef to consumers.

The American Labor Conference on International Affairs issued a report urging Congress to approve the Bretton Woods agreements for international financing.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Ivan Šubašić, 62
. Ban (Viceroy) of Croatia, 1939-1943; Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, 1944-1945. Mr. Šubašić was the last Ban of Croatia, as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia ended after the invasion by Axis powers in 1941. He served as Prime Minister until March 7, 1945, when Marshal Josip Tito formed a new cabinet with himself as Prime Minister.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Yenka--Johnny & Charley (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): If I Didn't Have A Dime--Tom Dunphy

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Shakin' All Over--Chad Allan and the Expressions (Guess Who?)
2 Go Now!--The Moody Blues
3 Stop! In the Name of Love--The Supremes
4 Goldfinger--Shirley Bassey
5 Goodnight--Roy Orbison
6 Hurt So Bad--Little Anthony and the Imperials
7 What Have They Done to the Rain--The Searchers
8 Girl Don't Come--Sandie Shaw
9 Hobo--Wes Dakus
10 Bluebirds Over the Mountain--Ronnie Hawkins

Singles entering the chart were Me and You by the Regents (#26); Land of 1000 Dances by Thee Midnighters (#27); Poor Man's Son by the Reflections (#32); If I Ruled the World by Tony Bennett (#34); The Clapping Song (Clap Pat Clap Slap) by Shirley Ellis (#35); Long Lonely Nights by Bobby Vinton (#37); Little Sidewalk Surfer Girl by the Hondells (#38); and Mean Woman Blues by Bobby Curtola (#40).

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Thou Still Unravished Bride, starring Ron Randell, David Carradine, Sally Kellerman, and Kent Smith

Bob Dylan's album Bringing It All Back Home, his first featuring electric guitar, was released on Columbia Records.

Politics and government
In parliamentary elections in Ceylon, the pro-Western United Party, led by Dudley Senanayake, captured 66 of 151 seats. These, combined with seats won by the Tamil Federalist party and others, enabled Mr. Senanayake to form a coalition to unseat the government of Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike, whose Freedom Party won only 41 seats. Mr. Senanayake was sworn in as Prime Minister on March 25.

Nicolae Ceausescu was elected First Secretary of the Romanian Workers' (Communist) Party.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Un corpo e un'anima--Wess & Dori Ghezzi (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)

#1 single in the U.K.: Bye Bye Baby--Bay City Rollers

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
2 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
3 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
4 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
5 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
6 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
7 No No Song--Ringo Starr
8 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
9 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
10 Express--B.T. Express

Singles entering the chart were Thank God I'm a Country Boy by John Denver (#77); I'm Her Fool by Billy Swan (#83); Autobahn by Kraftwerk (#84); The Immigrant by Neil Sedaka (#85); (If You Add) All the Love in the World by Mac Davis (#86); I'll Play for You by Seals and Crofts (#89); Cry to Me by Loleatta Holloway (#92); Don't Tell Me Goodnight by Lobo (#94); Ce Soir by Golden Earring (#97); Wildfire by Michael Murphey (#99); and One Beautiful Day by Ecstasy, Passion & Pain (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)
2 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
3 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
4 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
5 Fire--Ohio Players
6 Best of My Love--The Eagles
7 Pick Up the Pieces--AWB
8 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
9 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
10 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)

Singles entering the chart were Philadelphia Freedom by the Elton John Band (#48); Reach Out I'll Be There by Gloria Gaynor (#50); Step by Step by Kiki Dee Band (#52); Chevy Van by Sammy Johns (#56); Back Up (Against Your Persuasion) by Black & Ward (#66); Harry Truman by Chicago (#69); I Can Dance by Shooter (#73); It's a Miracle by Barry Manilow (#74); Sorry Doesn't Always Make it Right by Diana Ross (#81); Jackie Blue by the Ozark Mountain Daredevils (#86); Rainy Day People by Gordon Lightfoot (#87); Long Tall Glasses (I Can Dance) by Leo Sayer (#88); Coochie Coochie Coo by the Hudson Brothers (#95); (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song by B.J. Thomas (#96); Supernatural Thing - Part I by Ben E. King (#97); Shining Star by Earth, Wind & Fire (#98); L-O-V-E (Love) by Al Green (#99); and Butter Boy by Fanny (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CFRW)
1 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)
2 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
3 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
4 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
5 Changes--David Bowie
6 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
7 Lonely People--America
8 Lady--Styx
9 You're No Good--Linda Ronstadt
10 Mandy--Barry Manilow
11 Best of My Love--The Eagles
12 Pick Up the Pieces--AWB
13 No No Song--Ringo Starr
14 (Make Me Do) Anything You Want--A Foot in Coldwater
15 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
16 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
17 Shaving Cream--Benny Bell
18 She's My Lady--Jayson Hoover
19 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
20 Boogie On Reggae Woman--Stevie Wonder
21 Movin' On--Bad Company
22 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
23 In the Mood--Rush
24 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
25 California Jam--Klaatu
26 Judy Played the Jukebox--The Crescent Street Stompers
27 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
28 Bungle in the Jungle--Jethro Tull
29 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
30 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)
2 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
3 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
4 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
5 Changes--David Bowie
6 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
7 Fire--Ohip Players
8 No No Song--Ringo Starr
9 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
10 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
11 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
12 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
13 Sad Sweet Dreamer--Sweet Sensation
14 Mandy--Barry Manilow
15 Can You Give it All to Me--Myles and Lenny
16 Up in a Puff of Smoke--Polly Brown
17 Powerful People--Gino Vannelli
18 Nightingale--Carole King
19 Best of My Love--The Eagles
20 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
21 I Can Dance--Shooter
22 Part of the Plan--Dan Fogelberg
23 Butter Boy--Fanny
24 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
25 Bungle in the Jungle--Jethro Tull
26 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
27 Emma--Hot Chocolate
28 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
29 Back Up (Against Your Persuasion)--Black & Ward
30 Uproar--Anne Murray

World events
Three weeks of political killings in Argentina claimed 59 lives.

A fire at a nuclear power plant in Athens, Georgia caused an estimated $50 million in damage, but it was reported that no radiation had escaped.

Toronto 6 @ Montreal 4
Washington 2 @ Boston 8
New York Rangers 4 @ Detroit 7

Errol Thompson, Lanny McDonald, and Dave Dunn scored in the last 10 minutes of the 2nd period as the Maple Leafs defeated the Canadiens before 18,775 fans at the Montreal Forum in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast on CBC. Blaine Stoughton, Darryl Sittler, and Jim McKenny scored the other Toronto goals. Murray Wilson, Glen Sather, Jacques Lemaire, and Yvan Cournoyer scored for Montreal.

Bobby Orr scored his fourth hat trick of the season--his 40th, 41st, and 42nd goals--to lead the Bruins over the Capitals before 15,003 fans at Boston Garden. The loss was the 15th straight for Washington, tying the league record set by the Philadelphia Quakers in 1930-31.

Mickey Redmond, playing only his second game since December 18, 1974 because of a bad back, scored 3 goals to lead the Red Wings past the Rangers before 14,321 fans at Olympia Stadium.

Milwaukee 117 @ Golden State 133
Houston 112 @ Buffalo 117

Rick Barry scored 38 points--20 in the 1st quarter--to lead the Warriors to their win over the Bucks before 12,787 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Arena.

Bob McAdoo scored 42 points to lead the Braves over the Rockets before 18,164 fans at War Memorial Arena in Buffalo.

Larry Lintz hit his second single of the game, stole his fourth base of the game, and scored on a single by Rich Coggins in the top of the 10th inning as the Montreal Expos edged the Texas Rangers 2-1 in a spring training game before 1,078 fans in Pompano Beach, Florida.

Ted Simmons hit a 3-run home run off Catfish Hunter and drove in another run with a sacrifice fly as the St. Louis Cardinals beat the New York Yankees 5-2 in a spring training game before 4,617 fans in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're My Heart, You're My Soul--Modern Talking (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Want To Know What Love Is--Foreigner (9th week at #1)

Toronto 3 @ Edmonton 3

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Oi beibi/Tuhansien sulojen maa--Raptori (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): That Sounds Good to Me--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers

Died on this date
Gerald Bull, 62
. Canadian engineer. Dr. Bull, a native of North Bay, Ontario, developed long-range artillery, and designed the Project Babylon "supergun" for the Iraqi government of President Saddam Hussein. He was assassinated in Brussels; the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad was accused of the assassination, as were Iranian agents.

A Soviet military convoy entered the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, in a nationally-televised address, endorsed New Brunswick Premier Frank McKenna’s proposal of a constitutional accord parallel to the Meech Lake accord, and said that he would introduce it in parliament and immediately refer it to a special committee for study. However, he added that Meech should be approved first and that the companion agreement would follow. Mr. Mulroney expressed his optimism that the Meech Lake accord could be saved by the June 23, 1990 deadline. Parliament gave an all-party group a mandate to study the Meech Lake accord and to report back on May 18; the group was studying the McKenna Option for a companion agreement. Newfoundland Premier Clyde Wells introduced a resolution to rescind Newfoundland's support of the Meech Lake accord, fearing that Meech Lake would cut the federal government's ability to aid Newfoundland economically. The resolution effectively killed the accord.

Joseph Hazelwood, who was captain of the oil tanker Exxon Valdez when it dumped 11 million gallons of oil into Prince William Sound in Alaska on March 24, 1989, was found guilty in a state court in Anchorage of negligent discharge of oil, but was acquitted of criminal mischief and two other charges.

Former U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese testified for the defense in the trial of former national security adviser John Poindexter that Adm. Poindexter had not tried to conceal details of the Iran-Contra arms scandal from Congress.

The New England Journal of Medicinereported that taking aspirin daily cut the risk of stroke from 50%-80% among patients suffering from atrial fibrillation.

20 years ago

The Russian mission Soyuz TM-20 ended as the crew of Alesksandr Viktorenko (Commander), Yelena Kondikova (Flight Engineer), and Valeri Polyakov (Research Cosmonaut) returned to earth from the Russian space station Mir after 169 days. Ulf Merbold of Germany had lifted off with the crew on October 3, 1994, but returned with the crew of Soyuz TM-19 on November 4, 1994. Mr. Polyakov had been on Mir since launching into space as a member of the crew of Soyuz TM-18 on January 8, 1994, setting a record of 438 days in space.

Colin Ferguson, a Negro from Jamaica, was sentenced to 200 years in prison, 33 days after being convicted of killing six white passengers on a commuter train in Long Island, New York, in December 1993.

A Dr. Voth was speaking at Corbett Hall on the campus of the University of Alberta, where he delivered an excellent address warning against euthanasia.

Canadian rower Silken Laumann tested positive for the banned stimulant ephedrine at the Pan-American Games in Buenos Aires; the next day, she and her three teammates were stripped of the gold medals they had won in quadruple sculls. Miss Laumann said she unknowingly took the drug in a cold medicine.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S. trade deficit stood at $12.23 billion in January, an all-time monthly high.

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