Thursday, 31 December 2009

January 1, 2010

410 years ago
1600


Britannica
Scotland adopted January 1 as New Year's Day.

100 years ago
1910

Hockey

CHA
Quebec 7 @ Montreal Shamrocks 6

This was the first game for both teams in the new Canadian Hockey Association.

80 years ago
1930


At the movies
Party Girl, starring Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., opened with a screening shortly after midnight as 1929 passed into 1930.

Football
U.S. university
Rose Bowl
Southern California 47 Pittsburgh 14

75 years ago
1935


Football
U.S. university
Orange Bowl
Bucknell 26 U of Miami 0

Sugar Bowl
Tulane 20 Temple 14

Sun Bowl
El Paso All-Stars 25 Ranger (Texas) 21

These were the first Sugar Bowl and Sun Bowl games ever played.

Rose Bowl
Alabama 29 Stanford 13

70 years ago
1940


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Blue Carbuncle

Football
U.S. university
Orange Bowl
Georgia Tech 21 Missouri 7

Cotton Bowl
Clemson 6 Boston College 3

Sun Bowl
Arizona State 0 Catholic 0

Sugar Bowl
Texas A&M 14 Tulane 13

Rose Bowl
Ohio State 17 California 14

50 years ago
1960


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Four of Us are Dying, starring Harry Townes, Ross Martin, Philip Pine, and Don Gordon

Football
U.S. university
Orange Bowl
Georgia 14 Missouri 0

Cotton Bowl
Syracuse 23 Texas 14

Sugar Bowl
Mississippi 21 Louisiana State 0

Rose Bowl
U of Washington 44 Wisconsin 8

40 years ago
1970


Yellowknifiana
As the centennial year of the Northwest Territories began, Yellowknife officially became a city, and her first traffic lights began operating.

Abominations
The price of a chocolate bar in Canada increased from 10c to 15c, prompting this blogger to stop buying them.

War
U.S. Vice-President Spiro Agnew interrupted a 10-nation, 23-day tour of Asia by making a side trip from Manila, his first stop, to South Vietnam for a 24-hour stay. He visited American troops, including the wounded at an evacuation hospital, and said that his day "confirms to me the wisdom of our policies" and that he is leaving "with the feeling that the new year will bring us closer to our common goal."

Israeli jets knocked out the East Ghor Canal in Jordan for the third time.

World events
The government of France suspended two French officials involved in the December 25 theft of five French gunboats from Cherbourg by an Israeli crew, and expelled an Israeli diplomat said to have negotiated the boats’ sale through a non-existent Norwegian concern.

Religion
Pope Paul VI denounced powerful nations basing their stability on "trading arms to poor nations lacking plows, schools, and hospitals" and "giant industries" prospering on their "capacity to produce arms" in the most spontaneous and fervent peace plea of his papacy.

Society
The age of majority in Great Britain dropped from 21 to 18 as legislation passed in 1969 went into effect. An estimated 2.25-3 million young people were now eligible to vote, marry without their parents’ consent, and enjoy other rights. The Labour government also announced the abolition of the money limit for travel outside Britain.

Environment
U.S. President Richard Nixon signed a bill creating a Council on Environmental Quality, pledging a fight against pollution so that "the decade of the seventies will be known as the time when this country regained a productive harmony between man and nature." Without such a fight, he said, areas such as the one around his California home "will be unfit to live in" by 1980.

Economics and finance
In line with an agreement signed between the government of Chile and Anaconda Co. in June 1969, the first of two stages of "negotiated nationalization" of the firm’s subsidiaries in the country went into effect.

Football
NCAA
Cotton Bowl
Texas 21 Notre Dame 17

Sugar Bowl
Mississippi 27 Arkansas 22

Orange Bowl
Pennsylvania State 10 Missouri 3

Rose Bowl
Southern California 10 Michigan 3

30 years ago
1980

Died on this date
John "Shorty" Powers, 57
. U.S. Air Force officer. Colonel Powers acted as a public relations liaison on behalf of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the early U.S. astronauts, and became known as the voice of Project Mercury. He was best known for coining the phrase "A-OK."

War
There was heavy fighting between Soviet forces and Afghan army units at the town of Bala Zhar in Afghanistan. Soviet forces killed or interned 700 soldiers of the Afghan Army’s 26th Parachute Regiment when they refused a Soviet request to disarm. The U.S.S.R. said it had sent troops to Afghanistan to help repel "reactionary bands" armed, trained, and directed by the U.S.A. and China. The Soviets also accused Pakistan of training officers to command Afghan Muslim groups to fight in Afghanistan.

Law
A constitutional provision went into effect providing for royal succession by absolute, or equal, primogeniture. It meant that King Carl XVI Gustaf's infant son Carl Philip was now displaced as heir by the king's daughter Victoria, who was two years older than the prince.

Disasters
44 were reported killed when fire swept through a crowded social club in Chapais, Quebec at a New Year’s Eve party.

An earthquake registering 7.0 on the Richter scale hit Portugal’s Azore Islands, crumbling building, killing at least 52 people, and injuring more than 300.

Football
NCAA
Cotton Bowl
Houston 17 Nebraska 14

Rose Bowl
Southern California 17 Ohio State 16

Orange Bowl
Oklahoma 24 Florida State 7

Sugar Bowl
Alabama 24 Arkansas 9

Hockey
International exhibition
Czechoslovakia 1 @ Canadian Olympic Team 5

25 years ago
1985


Football
NCAA
Fiesta Bowl
U of California at Los Angeles 39 U of Miami 37

Cotton Bowl
Boston College 45 Houston 28

Rose Bowl
Southern California 20 Ohio State 17

Orange Bowl
U of Washington 28 Oklahoma 17

Sugar Bowl
Nebraska 28 Louisiana State 10

20 years ago
1990


Football
NCAA
Fiesta Bowl
Florida State 41 Nebraska 17

Cotton Bowl
Tennessee 31 Arkansas 27

Rose Bowl
Southern California 17 Michigan 10

Orange Bowl
Notre Dame 21 Colorado 6

Sugar Bowl
U of Miami 33 Alabama 25

10 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Y2K
. Worldwide crisis. A computer programming problem that was supposed to threaten the existence of us all, it died and was quickly forgotten when January 1, 2000 came and nothing unusual happened, even in countries that had done little or nothing to prepare for it. Governments and industry had spent $350 billion U.S. to prepare. It was reported that The Gambia had experienced some problems, but I have it on good authority that even that report was bogus. U.S. authorities did lose contact with a spy satellite for two or three hours.

World events
Shirley Macklin of Winnipeg and 154 other hostages were freed after an eight-day kidnapping ordeal that had begun on Christmas Eve when an Indian Airlines flight from Katmandu to New Delhi had been hijacked by terrorists linked to the separatist movement in Kashmir. The hostages were freed after India agreed to release two Kashmiri terrorists and a Pakistani Muslim cleric.

Football
NCAA
Cotton Bowl
Arkansas 27 Texas 6

Rose Bowl
Wisconsin 17 Stanford 9

Orange Bowl
Michigan 35 Alabama 34 (OT)

Wednesday, 30 December 2009

December 31, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Mike Matson!

130 years ago
1879


Technology
Thomas Edison gave his first public demonstration of the incandescent light bulb.

80 years ago
1929

Popular culture

Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians played at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York. The performance was carried on a coast-to-coast radio broadcast, and the band's rendition of Auld Lang Syne helped to popularize the song as a New Year's Eve anthem.

50 years ago
1959


Football
U.S. university
Sun Bowl
New Mexico State 28 North Texas State 8

40 years ago
1969

Died on this date
Jock Yablonski, 59
. U.S. labour leader. Mr. Yablonski, his wife, and their 25-year-old daughter were shot to death in their Clarksville, Pennsylvania home. The bodies weren't discovered until January 5, 1970. Mr. Yablonski had lost a bitterly-fought election on December 9 to Tony Boyle for the presidency of the United Mine Workers of America. The election was widely believed to be corrupt, and on December 18, Mr. Yablonski had asked the United States Department of Labor to investigate.

World events
An Israeli crew that had defied a French arms embargo and spirited five gunboats out of the port of Cherbourg on December 25 reached the Israeli port of Haifa.

Yellowknifiana
A pyrotechnics display in Petitot Park on Yellowknife’s last night as a town fizzled when most of the fireworks didn’t work, as a large number of people (including this blogger and his father) stood there freezing.

30 years ago
1979


War
A brief gun battle broke out in Kabul between dissident elements of the Afghan army and the Soviets, but the Afghan capital stayed firmly under Soviet control. Islamic rebels, who had been fighting the Afghan government for two years and were thought to control perhaps 2/3 of the countryside, fought skirmishes with Soviet troops at scattered points throughout the country. They were aided and often armed by Afghan army deserters. U.S. President Jimmy Carter accused Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev of "not telling facts accurately" in a December 28 cable in which Mr. Brezhnev claimed that Afghanistan had invited the U.S.S.R. to intervene. According to Mr. Carter, Mr. Brezhnev’s explanation was "obviously false, because the person he claimed invited him in, President Amin, was murdered or assassinated after the Soviets pulled their coup."

World events
The United Nations Security Council voted 11-0 to give Iran one week to release the hostages being held at the United States embassy in Tehran before deciding on economic sanctions. UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim left for Tehran in an effort to negotiate the release of the hostages.

Hockey
In Super Series ‘80, the Montreal Canadiens defeated Central Red Army 4-2 at the Montreal Forum.

20 years ago
1989


Football
NFL
NFC Wild Card Playoff
Los Angeles Rams 21 @ Philadelphia 7

AFC Wild Card Playoff
Pittsburgh 26 @ Houston 23 (OT)

Hockey
NHL
Moscow Dynamo 7 @ Toronto 4 (exhibition)
Winnipeg 3 Edmonton 2

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Elliott Richardson, 79
. U.S. politician. Mr. Richardson was the U.S. Attorney General under President Richard Nixon, and he resigned rather than carry out Mr. Nixon's order to fire Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox on October 20, 1973, in what became known as the "Saturday Night Massacre."

Abominations
The United States officially transferred control of the Panama Canal to Panama.

Politics and government
Boris Yeltsin resigned as President of Russia and appointed his Prime Minister, Vladimir Putin as his successor. In a televised New Year’s Eve address, Mr. Yeltsin said it was time for "new politicians...new personalities...and new smart, strong, and energetic people."

Crime
A painting by Paul Cezanne titled Auvers-sur-Oise was stolen from the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England.

Football
NCAA
Sun Bowl
Oregon 24 Minnesota 20

Hockey
NHL
Brett Hull of the Dallas Stars became the 12th player in NHL history to score 600 career goals when he netted two shots in a 5-4 victory over the Anaheim Mighty Ducks at Reunion Arena in Dallas. He reached the milestone in his 900th game; only Wayne Gretzky (718th game) and Mario Lemieux (719th) got there faster.

December 30, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Michael Nesmith, Davy Jones, and Gladys Lucy Pomazongo!

100 years ago
1909


Canadiana
Gold was discovered at Porcupine, Ontario.

Hockey
CHA
All-Montreal 7 @ Montreal Le National 2

This was the first game played in the new professional league known as the Canadian Hockey Association.

75 years ago
1934


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Today’s episode: The Case with Two Solutions

Born on this date
Del Shannon
. U.S. musician and singer. Mr. Shannon was best known for his first and biggest hit single, Runaway, which spent 4 weeks as the #1 single in the U.S.A. in the spring of 1961. Other hits included Hats Off to Larry (#5, 1961); Little Town Flirt (#12, 1963); Handy Man (#22, 1964); Keep Searchin' (#9, 1964-1965); and Sea of Love (#33, 1982). He shot himself to death while under the influence of Prozac on February 8, 1990.

40 years ago
1969


War
North Vietnamese and Viet Cong delegates at the Paris peace talks criticized as perfidious a U.S. appeal bidding the Communists, as a humanitarian gesture, to indicate whether the 1,046 men on a list of missing in action in Vietnam were prisoners of war or dead. Chief North Vietnamese negotiator Xuan Thuy boycotted the final sessions.

Diplomacy
U.S. Vice-President Spiro Agnew, as part of his tour of Asia, was in Manila, and attended the inauguration of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos for his second term.

Crime
A three-judge Israeli court ruled that Dennis Michael Rohan was mentally ill when he set fire to the El Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem on August 21, and ordered him confined to a hospital for treatment. The court held that the 28-year-old Australian had acted on an "irresistible impulse" in setting the blaze and was not punishable unde Israeli law.

30 years ago
1979


War
The Soviet newspaper Pravda said that the U.S.S.R. had sent a "limited" military contingent to Afghanistan due to "imperialist interference" in Afghan affairs that was "taking form and acquiring a scale that placed the very existence of the republic in danger." The U.S.S.R. justified the invasion on the basis of its defense treaty with Afghanistan and article 51 of the United Nations Charter, which grants any country the right to provide military aid to a member that appeals for such help.

Religion
Pope John Paul II and five West German prelates who had been summoned to Rome upheld the censure of Rev. Hans Kung, a Swiss theologian teaching at the University of Tubingen in West Germany, for teaching views contrary to the doctrines of the Roman catholic Church.

Football
NFL
AFC Divisional Playoff
Miami 14 @ Pittsburgh 34

NFC Divisional Playoff
Los Angeles 21 @ Dallas 19

25 years ago
1984


Football
NFL
NFC Divisional Playoff
Chicago 23 @ Washington 19

AFC Divisional Playoff
Pittsburgh 24 @ Denver 17

20 years ago
1989


Football
U.S. university
Sun Bowl
Pittsburgh 31 Texas A&M 28

Monday, 28 December 2009

December 29, 2009

75 years ago
1934


Basketball
The first college basketball doubleheader was held at Madison Square Garden in New York by the promoter Ned Irish, who popularized the game. He rented the Garden for $4,000 and watched 16,000 fans show up. NYU defeated Notre Dame 25-18 in the opener, and Westminster (Pennsylvania) upended St. John's 37-33 in the nightcap.

50 years ago
1959


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Christine Gotaas!

40 years ago
1969


On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: Ergot

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Escape (The Pina Colada Song)--Rupert Holmes (2nd week at #1)

Football
NFL
NFC Divisional Playoff
Philadelphia 17 @ Tampa Bay 24

AFC Divisional Playoff
Houston 17 @ San Diego 14

Basketball
This blogger was in attendance at a wheelchair basketball tournament at the University of Alberta main gym, which included men’s teams from major cities in the United States and Canada. The Vancouver Cable Cars were one of the teams, and one of their players was Terry Fox (several months before he began his cross-Canada run).

Hockey
NHL
The Toronto Maple Leafs, in a deal that shocked their fans, traded popular right wing Lanny McDonald and defenseman Joel Quenneville to the Colorado Rockies for right wing Wilf Paiement and left wing Pat Hickey. In 35 games with the Maple Leafs that season, Mr. McDonald had 15 goals and 15 assists; Mr. Quenneville had 1 goal and 4 assists in 32 games with Toronto that season. Mr. Paiement had 10 goals and 16 assists in 34 games with Colorado, while Mr. Hickey, who had started the season with the New York Rangers, scored 7 goals and 9 assists in 24 games with the Rockies. The trade prompted Toronto captain Darryl Sittler to rip the "C" off his uniform prior to that night’s game at Maple Leaf Gardens against the Winnipeg Jets.

Winnipeg 1 @ Toronto 6

Bob Stephenson, wearing #15 for the Maple Leafs, scored a goal and was named the third star in his first NHL game on the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast.

25 years ago
1984


Politics and government
The Congress Party, led by Rajiv Gandhi, won 401 of 508 seats in the Indian general election. The election occurred two months after the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, Rajiv’s mother.

Football
NFL
AFC Divisional Playoff
Seattle 10 @ Miami 31

NFC Divisional Playoff
New York Giants 10 @ San Francisco 21

20 years ago
1989


War
The United Nations Security Council voted 75-20, with 39 abstentions, to "strongly deplore" the U.S. invasion of Panama.

Politics and government
The Czechoslovakian parliament elected Vaclav Havel, leader of the opposition group Civic Forum, President, without opposition.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the leading economic indicators had edged upward 0.1% in November. The stock exchanges closed on the last day of trading for the year, and the Dow Jones Industrial Average stood at 2753.20, up 27% for the year. Standard & Poor’s index of 500 stocks was also up 27% for the year. The American Stock Exchange index was up 23%, and the Nasdaq over-the-counter market composite index posted a 19% gain for 1989.

December 28, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Heather Pick!

140 years ago
1869


Technology
William F. Semple patented chewing gum.

130 years ago
1879


Disasters
Gales plunged a railway bridge and passenger train on the Tay Bridge over the Silvery Tay, near Dundee, Scotland, into icy waters, killing 75. The bridge collapsed after the central spans gave way.

80 years ago
1929

Born on this date
Terry Sawchuk
. Canadian hockey goaltender. Mr. Sawchuk played 21 seasons in the National Hockey League with the Detroit Red Wings (1949-55; 1957-64; 1968-69); Boston Bruins (1955-57); Toronto Maple Leafs (1964-67); Los Angeles Kings (1967-68); and New York Rangers (1969-70). He played for 4 Stanley Cup championship teams (Detroit, 1952; 1954; 1955; Toronto, 1967), and made the first or second NHL all-star team seven times. In his first 5 full seasons (1950-55), he never had a goals against average of higher than 1.98. Probably the peak of his career was the 1951-52 season, when he played all 70 regular season games, recording 12 shutouts, and added 4 shutouts and posted a goals against average of 0.62 as the Red Wings won the Stanley Cup with an 8-game sweep of the 2 playoff rounds. Mr. Sawchuk’s total of 103 regular season shutouts seemed unbeatable until Martin Brodeur of the New Jersey Devils passed him in December 2009. Mr. Sawchuk was still active with the New York Rangers when he died on May 31, 1970, reportedly after being injured during a bout of "horseplay" with teammate Ron Stewart shortly after the Rangers had been eliminated from the Stanley Cup playoffs in the first round.

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden
Tonight’s episode: The Case of the Bandaged Bridegroom

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Why--Frankie Avalon

40 years ago
1969


Football
NFL
Inter-Divisional Playoff
Dallas 14 @ Cleveland 38

Bill Nelsen completed 18 of 27 passes for 219 yards and a touchdown as the Century Division champion Browns easily beat the Capitol Division champion Cowboys in front of a disappointed crowd of 69,321 at the Cotton Bowl. Bo Scott scored twice on 2-yard runs, and Leroy Kelly rushed 1 yard for a Cleveland touchdown. Mr. Nelsen threw a 6-yard touchdown pass to Milt Morin, and Walt Sumner returned an interception 88 yards for another Cleveland touchdown. Don Cockroft converted all 5 and added a field goal. Dallas quarterback Craig Morton rushed 2 yards for a touchdown, and backup quarterback Roger Staubach completed a 5-yard touchdown pass to Lance Rentzel late in the game for another touchdown, both of which were converted by Mike Clark. Mr. Morton had a terrible game, completing just 8 of 24 passes for 92 yards and 2 interceptions, while Mr. Staubach was 4 for 5 for 44 yards. Paul Warfield of the Browns led all receivers with 8 receptions for 99 yards, while Mr. Kelly rushed 19 times for 66 yards.

30 years ago
1979


War
15,000 more Soviet troops entered Afghanistan, two days after an initial force of 5,000 had invaded. Two overland routes were used by several mechanized Soviet divisions to cross the border. Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev sent a cable to U.S. President Jimmy Carter in which he said that Afghanistan had invited the U.S.S.R. to intervene.

Politics and government
U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced his withdrawal from a forum with his rivals for the 1980 Democratic party presidential nomination that had been scheduled for January 7 in Des Moines prior to the Iowa caucus on January 21. Mr. Carter said that the hostage crisis in Iran made an appearance at a partisan political event inappropriate. California Governor Jerry Brown and Senator Ted Kennedy charged that President Carter had withdrawn in order to keep attention away from them and from economic issues.

Lord Soames, British Governor General of Rhodesia, who had been commissioned to guide the country to majority Negro rule, set national elections for February 1980.

Oil
Several countries, including Venezuela, Libya, Indonesia, and Iraq, announced price increases of 10-15%. Experts estimated the aggregate increases in prices for the month at about 8%, making the increase for the year of 1979 approximately 80%.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 5 Vancouver 3

25 years ago
1984

On television today

The Edge of Night, the only soap opera that this blogger ever regularly watched, was broadcast for the last time on ABC. The show had its origin with the Perry Mason radio series; when the move was made to television, it split into two shows. Perry Mason emphasized the legal and crime-solving aspects of the show, while The Edge of Night which made its television debut on April 2, 1956, remained as a soap opera, although with more of an emphasis on crime and mystery than the usual soap opera. The show moved to ABC on December 1, 1975. From 1968-1983 the head writer was Henry Slesar, who had written scripts for Alfred Hitchcock’s TV shows, as well as stories for Alfred Hitchcock’s Mystery Magazine. Mr. Slesar won an Emmy Award for his efforts in 1974. The series was carried for many years in Canada on CBC, but that network broadcast its last episode on September 10, 1982. If I’m not mistaken, The Edge of Night was the last soap opera to occupy a half-hour time slot.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 singles of 1989
1 Straight Up--Paula Abdul
2 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
3 The Look--Roxette
4 Like a Prayer--Madonna
5 Wild Thing--Tone Loc
6 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
7 On Our Own--Bobby Brown
8 Wind Beneath My Wings--Bette Midler
9 Cold Hearted--Paula Abdul
10 You Got It--Roy Orbison

Canada's top 10 albums of 1989
1 The Raw and the Cooked--Fine Young Cannibals
2 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul
3 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
4 Like a Prayer--Madonna
5 Volume One--Traveling Wilburys
6 Don't be Cruel--Bobby Brown
7 Appetite for Destruction--Guns 'n' Roses
8 Full Moon Fever--Tom Petty
9 Alannah Myles--Alannah Myles
10 Mystery Girl--Roy Orbison

Politics and government
The parliament of Czechoslovakia elected Alexander Dubcek as its speaker.

10 years ago
1999

Died on this date
Clayton Moore, 85
. U.S. actor. Mr. Moore, a bit player in movies for a decade, became famous playing the Lone Ranger on television from 1949-1952 and 1953-1957. He was fired from the series in a salary dispute in 1952, but was brought back a year later. Mr. Moore also played the character in two feature films.

Saturday, 26 December 2009

December 27, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Marilyn Draper!

60 years ago
1949


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The Identical Murder Case

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Case of Lady Sannox, starring Stella Adler and Henry Brandon

World events
The Netherlands transferred sovereignty to Indonesia after more than 300 years of Dutch rule.

50 years ago
1959


On the radio
Ungdomsteatern, on Sveriges Radio
Today's episode: De tre studenterna, starring Georg Arlin as Sherlock Holmes and Ragnar Falck as Dr. Watson

This adaptation of A. Conan Doyle’s story The Adventure of the Three Students was reportedly the first Sherlock Holmes radio broadcast in Sweden.

Football
NFL Championship @ Memorial Stadium, Baltimore
New York 16 @ Baltimore 31

Quarterback Johnny Unitas passed for 2 touchdowns and rushed for another to lead the Colts to their second straight championship game win over the Giants. Mr. Unitas hooked up with Lenny Moore for a 60-yard touchdown, converted by Steve Myhra, 4:55 into the first quarter to give Baltimore a 7-0 lead. New York came back with field goals by Pat Summerall in each of the first 3 quarters to take a 9-7 lead. Late in the third quarter, Giants’ running back Alex Webster was stopped on a fourth down- and inches-to-to gamble on the Colts’ 28, and that changed the momentum of the game. Mr. Unitas rushed 4 yards for the touchdown that put the Colts ahead at 2:42, and completed a 12-yard pass to Jerry Richardson for another major score at 7:21. Johnny Sample returned an interception 42 yards for another touchdown at 9:31. Mr. Myhra converted all 3 and kicked a 25-yard field goal at 12:40 to make the score 31-9. The Giants finally scored a touchdown when Chuck Conerly passed 32 yards to Bob Schnelker, converted by Mr. Summerall, with just 32 seconds remaining. Mr. Unitas finished with 18 completions in 29 passes for 265 yards; Mr. Moore had 127 yards on 3 catches. Mr. Schnelker led all receivers with 9 receptions for 178 yards. Mr. Sample had 2 interceptions on the day for 76 yards, returned 2 punts for 23, and 1 kickoff for 8. The Giants lost the services of offensive end Kyle Rote for the second half when he left with a concussion. 57,545 fans attended the only NFL championship game to be played at Memorial Stadium.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Two Little Boys--Rolf Harris (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Someday We’ll Be Together--Diana Ross and the Supremes

Diplomacy
Leaders of Egypt, Sudan, and Libya concluded a three-day summit in Tripoli and announced after the last session that the Arab western front against Israel had been extended from Libya through Cairo to Khartoum.

Disasters
A Montreal apartment house fire killed 6.

Zambian officials reported that rampaging hippopotamuses (hippopotami?) had killed 9 people by overturning their boats on the Namwala River.

Football
NFL
Conference Playoff
Los Angeles 20 @ Minnesota 23

Minnesota quarterback Joe Kapp rushed 2 yards for a touchdown late in the fourth quarter--converted by Fred Cox--and defensive end Carl Eller sacked Los Angeles quarterback Roman Gabriel for a safety touch to give the Central Division champion Vikings the win over the Coastal Division champion Rams. The Rams led 17-7 at halftime on short touchdown passes from Mr. Gabriel to Bob Klein and Billy Truax. Bruce Gossett converted both and added a field goal. Dave Osborn rushed 1 yard for a Minnesota touchdown in the first quarter, and did the same in the third quarter. Both were converted by Mr. Cox. Mr. Gossett kicked another field goal in the fourth quarter to give Los Angeles a 20-14 lead. Mr. Gabriel completed 22 of 32 passes, but for just 150 yards; he also rushed 4 times for 26 yards. Mr. Kapp was 12 for 19 in passing for 196 yards, and led the Minnesota ground game with 7 carries for 42. Gene Washington of the Vikings led all receivers with 90 yards on 4 receptions. The loss was the fourth straight for the Rams, who had started the season with 11 straight wins. 47,900 were in attendance at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota.

30 years ago
1979

Died on this date
Hafizullah Amin, 50
. President of Afghanistan. Mr. Amin, a Marxist opposed to excessive Soviet influence, had come to power in a coup on September 16. He was murdered the day after 5,000 Soviet troops invaded the country.

War
Following four hours of heavy street fighting in Kabul and the death of President Hafizullah Amin, a new Afghan government led by Babrak Karmal was installed. Mr. Karmal, a former deputy to Mr. Amin’s Marxist predecessor, Nur Mohammad Taraki, had been in exile in East Germany and Czechoslovakia after his pro-Moscow faction had been purged from the Afghan government.

Disasters
A fire broke out in a 150-year-old prison in Lancaster County, South Carolina, killing 10 inmates and injuring 8 other people.

Hockey
NHL
Exhibition
Central Red Army 5 @ New York Rangers 2

This was the first game of Super Series ’80.

St. Louis 3 @ Detroit 2

This was the first NHL game at Joe Louis Arena.

20 years ago
1989


War
American military officials released casualty figures regarding the U.S. invasion of Panama which had begun on December 20. 23 U.S. soldiers, 3 American civilians, 297 Panamanian soldiers, and at least 400 Panamanian civilians were killed. 322 U.S. soldiers, 1 American civilian, 123 Panamanian soldiers, and at least 2,000 Panamanian civilians were wounded or injured.

10 years ago
1999


Terrorism
Indian negotiators opened talks with five hijackers who had seized a plane on December 24 after takeoff from Katmandu, Nepal, and had taken it to Kandahar, Afghanistan.

Weather
It was warm enough in Edmonton for this blogger to go out at night wearing shorts.

Football
NFL
New York Jets (7-8) 38 @ Miami (9-6) 31

December 26, 2009

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: What Do You Want?--Adam Faith (4th week at #1)

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 10
1 Come Together/Something--The Beatles
2 One Tin Soldier--The Original Caste
3 Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary
4 Don’t Cry Daddy--Elvis Presley
5 Cold Turkey--Plastic Ono Band
6 Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head--B.J. Thomas
7 Fancy--Bobbie Gentry
8 Holly Holy--Neil Diamond
9 Take a Letter, Maria--R.B. Greaves
10 Midnight Cowboy--Ferrante and Teicher

John Barry’s original version of Midnight Cowboy, from the movie, had been released as a single in the summer of 1969 but had failed to chart. The B-side of Mr. Barry’s version, another song from the Midnight Cowboy soundtrack called Fun City, was used as the theme for a Ralph Lauren TV commercial almost 25 years later.

Diplomacy
U.S. Vice-President Spiro Agnew left Washington for a 23-day goodwill trip to 11 Asian countries, taking with him samples of moon rocks as gifts for his hosts.

Disasters
11 were killed and many others injured when fire swept through a 16th Century hotel in Saffron Walden, England.

30 years ago
1979


War
The U.S.S.R. airlifted at least 5,000 troops to Kabul, Afghanistan in an effort to shore up that country’s Marxist government against increasingly effective Islamic resistance, beginning a war that was to last almost a decade.

World events
96 Patriotic Front guerrillas were flown in from Lusaka, Zambia to join 1,500 peacekeepers from across the Comonwealth, as well as government soldiers from the Rhodesia Security Force, to monitor the cease-fire due to start at midnight on December 28.

Energy
A group investigating the accident earlier in the year at the Three Mile Island nuclear plant in Pennsylvania reported to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, tentatively recommending that serious consideration be given to closing any reactor whose operator was unable to develop plans to evacuate everybody living within a 30-mile radius of the reactor.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 4 Colorado 3

20 years ago
1989


World events
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev used the word "illegitimate" to describe the Lithuanian Communist Party’s declaration of its independence from the Soviet party on December 20, and ruled out secession by any of the U.S.S.R.’s 15 republics.

Politics and government
The day after the execution of Romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena, Ion Iliescu, a former party official, was named interim President.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Curtis Mayfield, 57
. U.S. musician. Mr. Mayfield was the lead singer, songwriter and producer for the Impressions in the 1960s and '70s. His best-known compositions for the group included Gypsy Woman (1961); It's All Right (1963); People Get Ready (1965); and We're a Winner (1968). He also wrote hits for artists such as Major Lance (Um, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um (1964)) and Jan Bradley (Mama Didn't Lie (1963)), and worked with the Impressions' original lead singer, Jerry Butler, after Mr. Butler left to pursue a solo career in the early 1960s. Mr. Mayfield left the Impressions to pursue his own solo career in the early 1970s, founded his own label--Curtom--and struck gold with the soundtrack for the 1972 movie Superfly. Mr. Mayfield didn't like the movie's apparent pro-drug message, and wrote lyrics for the song (originally an instrumental) Freddie's Dead to reflect his views. Freddie's Dead and Superfly both reached the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart. Mr. Mayfield was paralyzed from the neck down in a freak accident in 1990 when he was performing outdoors at an oldies show in Brooklyn, and a gust of wind blew a light standard down on top of him. He recorded the vocals to his last album, New World Order, while lying on his back in his hospital bed. The album, released in 1997, is well worth listening to.

Weather
Winds of up to 220 kmh (137.5 mph) killed 60 people in France.

Football
NFL
Arizona (6-9) 14 @ Atlanta (4-11) 37
Cincinnati (4-11) 0 @ Baltimore (8-7) 22
Buffalo (10-5) 13 @ New England (7-8) 10
Carolina (7-8) 20 @ Pittsburgh (6-9) 30
Chicago (6-9) 12 @ St. Louis (13-2) 34
Indianapolis (13-2) 29 @ Cleveland (2-14) 28
Green Bay (7-8) 10 @ Tampa Bay (10-5) 29
Jacksonville (13-2) 14 @ Tennessee (12-3) 41
Kansas City (9-6) 14 @ Seattle (9-6) 23
Minnesota (9-6) 34 @ New York Giants (7-8) 17
Oakland (7-8) 20 @ San Diego (7-8) 23
Washington (9-6) 26 @ San Francisco (4-11) 20 (OT)

Friday, 25 December 2009

December 25, 2009

70 years ago
1939


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Three Garridebs

A recording of half of this episode is available.

50 years ago
1959


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: What You Need, starring Ernest Truex and Steve Cochran

40 years ago
1969


World events
In defiance of a French arms embargo, five French gunboats were spirited from the port of Cherbourg late at night by an Israeli crew.

Diplomacy
Leaders of Egypt, Sudan, and Libya gathered in Tripoli for the beginning of a three-day summit.

30 years ago
1979


Died on this date
Joan Blondell, 73
. U.S. actress. Miss Blondell co-starred with James Cagney in several movies, including Sinner’s Holiday (1930); The Public Enemy (1931); Blonde Crazy (1932); and The Crowd Roars (1932). Other movies included Bullets or Ballots (1936); A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (1945); Nightmare Alley (1947); and The Blue Veil (1951), for which she received an Academy Award nomination. Miss Blondell acted in many television shows from the 1950s through the 1970s.

Football
NCAA
Fiesta Bowl
Pittsburgh 16 Arizona 10

25 years ago
1984


Basketball
NBA
New Jersey 120 @ New York 114

Bernard King of the Knickerbockers set a team single-game scoring record with 60 points.

20 years ago
1989


Died on this date
Nicolae Ceausescu, 71. President of Romania, 1967-1989. Mr. Ceausescu and his wife Elena, his chief deputy in the government, were given a brief trial by a military tribunal on charges of genocide, abuse of power, and theft, and they were both executed by a firing squad at an undisclosed location.

Football
NFL
Cincinnati (8-8) 21 @ Minnesota (10-6) 29

10 years ago
1999


War
After a night of heavy shelling, Russian forces began entering Grozny, capital of the rebellious province of Chechnya, where they met fierce resistance.

Terrorism
A Taliban spokesman said that the five hijackers who had seized a plane after takeoff from Katmandu, Nepal and now sat at Kandahar had demanded the release of a Muslim cleric, and of several Kashmiri guerrillas held in Indian jails. The Taliban refused to negotiate, but refuelled the plane and provided food.

Football
NFL
Denver (6-9) 17 @ Detroit (8-7) 7

Thursday, 24 December 2009

December 24, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Hilary Hahn!

40 years ago
1969


World events
Two weeks after a military coup in Dahomey, all political prisoners in the country were freed.

Baseball
Outfielder Curt Flood wrote a letter to Commissioner Bowie Kuhn saying that his trade from the St. Louis Cardinals to the Philadelphia Phillies should be voided and that he should be made a free agent. "After 12 years in the major leagues," he said, "I do not feel I am a piece of property to be bought and sold irrespective of my wishes."

30 years ago
1979


Space
The first European-built rocket, Ariane 1, successfully completed its maiden flight. The space launcher finally took off from the Kourou Space Centre in French Guiana on its third attempt.

World events
The hostages in the U.S. embassy in Iran had endured 50 days of captivity, and Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini allowed three useful idiots American clergymen to visit the embassy for Christmas. The three were William Sloane Coffin of Riverside Church in New York City; William Howard of the National Council of Churches; and Bishop Thomas Gumbleton, a Roman Catholic leader from Detroit. All three were known for their liberal views.

20 years ago
1989


World events
Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega took refuge in the Vatican’s diplomatic refuge in Panama City. When this news came, most of the remaining resistance to the U.S. invasion collapsed. The mission had the right to grant Gen. Noriega asylum, and negotiations began among American, Vatican, and Panamanian diplomats as to his future. U.S. officials argued that because Gen. Noriega had been indicted in the United States for drug trafficking, he was not eligible for asylum.

Football
NFL
Detroit (7-9) 31 @ Atlanta (3-13) 24
Chicago (6-10) 0 @ San Francisco (14-2) 26
Green Bay (10-6) 20 @ Dallas (1-15) 10
Denver (11-5) 16 @ San Diego (6-10) 19
Indianapolis (8-8) 6 @ New Orleans (9-7) 41
Kansas City (8-7-1) 27 @ Miami (8-8) 24
Los Angeles Raiders (8-8) 17 @ New York Giants (12-4) 34
Los Angeles Rams (11-5) 24 @ New England (5-11) 20
Phoenix (5-11) 14 @ Philadelphia (11-5) 31
Pittsburgh (9-7) 31 @ Tampa Bay (5-11) 22

Only 7,092 fans showed up at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium to see the Falcons lose to the Lions.

10 years ago
1999


Terrorism
An Indian Airlines jet with 189 people aboard was hijacked after it took off from Katmandu, Nepal, and was held for seven days. The five hijackers, whose nationalities were unknown, were armed with rifles, grenades, and knives. The plane, originally bound for New Delhi, landed at Amritsar, India; Lahore, Pakistan; and Dubai, United Arab Emirates, for refuelling, then at Kandahar, Afghanistan. In Dubai, 27 hostages, mostly women and children, were released, and the body of a man killed by the hijackers (a newlywed whose wife was another passenger on the plane) was taken away. In Kandahar, the plane was surrounded by soldiers of the Taliban, the Islamic militia in control of Afghanistan.

Football
NFL
Dallas (7-8) 24 @ New Orleans (2-13) 31

Wednesday, 23 December 2009

December 23, 2009

75 years ago
1934


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Today’s episode: The Case of the Poisoned Stick

40 years ago
1969


Diplomacy
The three-day Arab summit meeting in Rabat, Morocco ended when Egyptian President Gamal Nasser walked out after Kuwait and Saudi Arabia refused to hike war funds for Arab forces fighting Israel. Although Mr. Nasser returned for closing ceremonies, Syrian, Iraqi, and Southern Yemeni delegates boycotted it.

30 years ago
1979


Football
NFL
NFC Wild Card Playoff
Chicago 17 @ Philadelphia 27

AFC Wild Card Playoff
Denver 7 @ Houston 13

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 @ Montreal 8
Boston 4 @ New York Rangers 3

At the end of the Bruins' win at Madison Square Garden, a spectator named John Kaptain hit Stan Jonathan of the Bruins with a rolled-up program and grabbed Mr. Jonathan's stick and hit him with it, prompting the entire Boston team except for goalie Gerry Cheevers to go into the stands after Mr. Kaptain. Video of the incident can be seen here.

Disasters
About 100 were reported killed when a bus went over a cliff near Yerevan, Soviet Armenia.

25 years ago
1984


Football
NFL
NFC Wild Card Playoff
New York Giants 16 @ Los Angeles Rams 13

20 years ago
1989


War
The U.S. Defense Department announced that secret radar-evading F-117A Stealth bombers had been used in combat for the first time in Panama, and had dropped two bombs near a barracks.

Football
NFL
Buffalo (9-7) 37 @ New York Jets (4-12) 0
Cleveland (9-6-1) 24 @ Houston (9-7) 20
Washington (10-6) 29 @ Seattle (7-9) 0

Only 21,148 were in attendance at Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey to see the Bills rout the Jets.

10 years ago
1999


Weather
It was warm enough in Edmonton for this blogger to wear shorts outside.

Tuesday, 22 December 2009

December 22, 2009

40 years ago
1969


On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: Where was Atlantis?

Diplomacy
The Middle East peace plan proposed by U.S. Secretary of State William Rogers on December 9 that called for Israeli withdrawal from occupied Egyptian territory, a peace treaty between the two and establishment of a demilitarized zone, and a "unified" Jerusalem shared by Israel and Jordan was rejected at an emergency meeting of the Israeli cabinet. Prime Minister Golda Meir termed the plan an appeasement of the Arabs.

Economics and finance
The way for talks on British entry into the European Economic Community was paved when EEC ministers, meeting in Brussels, reached agreement on how to finance their farm policy. France had insisted that such an accord would have to be reached before it would reconsider its veto on U.K. entry.

Terrorism
A Swiss court at Winterthur convicted three members of the Palestine Liberation Front charged with a machine gun attack in February on an Israeli plane at the Zurich airport, and sentenced them to 12 years in jail for the murder of the co-pilot. The Israeli guard who had shot and killed the fourth raider was acquitted.

Bernadette Devlin, 22, member of the British House of Commons for Mid-Ulster, was sentenced to six months in jail and was released on bail for her role in Londonderry’s Bogside riots earlier in the year.

Disasters
A crippled U.S. Navy jet crashed into a Miramar Naval Air station hangar, killing 14 and injuring 11.

40 were killed and at least 50 missing after a South Vietnamese passenger plane crashed near Nha Trang air base.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Escape (The Pina Colada Song)--Rupert Holmes

Died on this date
Darryl F. Zanuck, 77
. U.S. motion picture executive. Mr. Zanuck spent many years as the head of Twentieth-Century Fox.

Protest
Three days of violence in the Baluchistan-Seistan province of Iran concluded with at least 12 dead and 80 wounded.

Football
NCAA
Sun Bowl
U of Washington 14 Texas 7

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 4 Vancouver 2
Los Angeles 9 Edmonton 3

25 years ago
1984


Popular culture
Harrumph! Egad! Fap! Our Boarding House, a comic panel created by Gene Ahern that had been running since September 16, 1921, was published in newspapers for the last time, as the final creative team, cartoonist Les Carroll and writer Tom McCormick, had decided to retire. It ended with one of Major Amos B. Hoople’s inventions finally making big money. An Arab sheik had sold all his oil interests and wanted to market solar energy, using one of the Major’s patents. He offered Major Hoople $5 million to fly to his country immediately, or he would move to nuclear power. Major Hoople accepted, and he and Martha left the boarding house with Buster, Clyde, Mack, and Twiggs still living there, and three servants to do the work of Mrs. Hoople. Twiggs predicted that they’d be closed within a week. The Edmonton Journal was one of the few papers still carrying Our Boarding House to the very end. Every few years they’d drop the feature, only to bring it back when readers complained. Our Boarding House inspired a radio series titled Major Hoople that ran in 1942-1943 with Frank Bresee in the title role, but no episodes are known to survive.

Football
NFL
AFC Wild Card Playoff
Los Angeles Raiders 7 @ Seattle 13

NCAA
Sun Bowl
Maryland 28 Tennessee 27

20 years ago
1989

Died on this date
Samuel Beckett, 83
. Irish-born French playwright and novelist. Mr. Beckett’s works included Waiting for Godot (1952) and Krapp’s Last Tape (1959). He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for 1959. I’ve never bothered reading any of his stuff, because I have no interest in whiny Europeans who spend their time complaining about the God they say doesn’t exist.

World events
As up to 150,000 pro-democracy protesters massed to defy Securitate forces in Romania, it was reported that the defense minister had committed suicide, though it was later determined that he had been shot for refusing to order the army to fire on the demonstrators. Military units joined the rebels. President Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena, his chief deputy in the government, fled Bucharest by helicopter. They landed and seized a car, but were in turn captured by insurgents near Tirgoviste. A coalition of former Communist officials, military officers, students, and others formed the National Salvation Front to run the country.

Berlin’s most famous landmark, the Brandenburg Gate, opened for the first time in nearly 30 years.

War
The Organization of American States condemned the U.S.A.’s invasion of Panama.

10 years ago
1999


Space
The moon appeared 14% brighter than it did when furthest away from Earth. Astronomers said that the moon wouldn’t be this close again for more than a century. This blogger went for a walk in the North Saskatchewan River valley in Edmonton, and it was indeed bright, with the moonlight reflecting off the snow.

Diplomacy
Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat concluded two days of talks in the West Bank city of Ramallah.

Terrorism
Ahmed Ressam of Algeria, arrested at Port Angeles, Washington on December 14 after bomb-making materials were found in his car, was indicted in Seattle.

Scandal
Canadian porn star Kathryn Gannon, aka Marylin Star, was accused of illegally profiting from inside information gained from an intimate relationship with an influential Wall Street executive.

Saturday, 12 December 2009

December 21, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Juliette Richard!

60 years ago
1949


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden, on ABC

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Heartaches By the Number--Guy Mitchell (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago
1969


Football
AFL
Inter-Divisional Playoff
Houston 7 @ Oakland 56

Daryle Lamonica had one of the best games of his career, completing 13 of 17 passes for 276 yards and 6 touchdowns to lead the Raiders to the rout in front of a crowd of 53,539 at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Fred Biletnikoff caught 3 passes for 70 yards and 2 touchdowns, Rod Sherman caught 4 for 60 and 2 touchdowns, Charlie Smith caught 4 for 103 and a touchdown, and Billy Cannon caught 1 for 3 and a touchdown. George Atkinson returned an interception 57 yards for a touchdown in the first quarter, and Marv Hubbard rushed 4 yards for a touchdown in the fourth quarter. George Blanda, who relieved Mr. Lamonica late in the game, converted all 8 major scores. The Raiders led 28-0 at the end of the first quarter, 35-0 at halftime, and 49-0 after 3 quarters. The Oilers finally scored on an 8-yard pass from Pete Beathard to Alvin Reed, converted by Roy Gerela. Mr. Beathard had a miserable day, completing just 18 of 46 passes for 209 yards and 3 interceptions, while being sacked 6 times for 40 yards in losses. The Raiders had led the West Division with a record of 12-1-1, while the Oilers had qualified for the playoffs by finishing second in the East Division, albeit with a mediocre record of 6-6-2.

NFL
Washington (7-5-2) 10 @ Dallas (11-2-1) 20
Pittsburgh (1-13) 24 @ New Orleans (5-9) 27
Philadelphia (4-9-1) 13 @ San Francisco (4-8-2) 14
Cleveland (10-3-1) 14 @ New York (6-8) 27
St. Louis (4-9-1) 28 @ Green Bay (8-6) 45
Minnesota (12-2) 3 @ Atlanta (6-8) 10
Detroit (9-4-1) 20 @ Chicago (1-13) 3
Los Angeles (11-3) 7 @ Baltimore (8-5-1) 13

The Redskins’ loss at the Cotton Bowl turned out to be the last regular season game in the coaching career of Vince Lombardi. The Rams’ loss at Memorial Stadium was their third straight after 11 wins to start the season, and was the last game for Don Shula as head coach of the Colts.

30 years ago
1979


Diplomacy
The parties to the seven-year Rhodesian civil war signed a peace agreement in London that participants hoped would end a conflict that had killed 20,000 people. The United Nations ended economic sanctions against Rhodesia.

U.S. President Jimmy Carter ordered most of the Iranian diplomats in the United States to leave the country, and announced that he had asked the United Nations Security Council to impose economic sanctions against Iran.

Economics and finance
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the Consumer Price Index had increased 1% in November, the 11th consecutive monthly rise of about 1%. Housing, cars, and public transportation price rises were considered the driving forces behind the November increase.

Disasters
At least 43 were killed when a bus packed with people going home for Christmas was driven onto a collapsed bridge and plunged into a river near Ilagan, Philippines.

25 years ago
1984


Basketball
U.S. university
Georgeann Wells of West Virginia University became the first woman to dunk the ball during competition in a game at Elkins, West Virginia.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10
1 Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers
2 Blame it on the Rain--Milli Vanilli
3 Back to Life--Soul II Soul
4 Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins
5 Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic
6 We Didn't Start the Fire--Billy Joel
7 When I See You Smile--Bad English
8 Angelia--Richard Marx
9 Rhythm Nation--Janet Jackson
10 With Every Beat of My Heart--Taylor Dayne

Protest
Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu addressed a rally in Bucharest and was jeered by many in the crowd, an unprecedented event considering how tightly he held power. Securitate troops, known for their fierce loyalty to Mr. Ceausescu, fired on the crowd, drove them elsewhere, and killed up to 40.

Crime
Larry Mahoney, the driver of a pickup truck that had collided with a church bus near Carrollton, Kentucky in May 1988, was acquitted on 27 counts of murder, but was convicted on 27 counts of manslaughter. Mr. Mahoney's lawyers acknowledged that he had been drunk and driving in the the wrong direction on an interstate highway at the time of the crash, but blamed a faulty gas tank on the bus for the fire that took the heavy toll of life, including 24 children and 3 adults. 12 other people were burned in the crash.

10 years ago
1999


Diplomacy
Israeli Prime Minister Ehud barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat began two days of talks in the West Bank city of Ramallah. It marked the first time that such peace talks had taken place in a Palestinian-controlled city.

Law
Louis LeBel of Quebec was named to the Supreme Court of Canada.

The Government of Canada announced a U.S. $1 billion lawsuit against R.J. Reynolds Tobacco, accusing the company of running a huge cigarette smuggling scheme that undermined efforts to stop young Canadians from smoking.

Friday, 11 December 2009

December 20, 2009

70 years ago
1939

Died on this date
Hans Langsdorff, 55
. Mr. Langsdorff, captain of the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee, lay on the ship’s battle ensign and shot himself in Montevideo a week after the ship suffered serious damage from British ships in the Battle of the River Plate, and three days after the Admiral Graf Spee was scuttled. Captain Langsdorff had wanted to go down with the ship, but held off until he knew that the crew would be granted amnesty. His suicide also forestalled any suspicions that he had retired from the battle out of cowardice.

60 years ago
1949


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The Chop Suey Murder Case

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Two Little Boys--Rolf Harris

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary

Calgary’s top 10
1 Something--The Beatles
2 Cherry Hill Park--Billy Joe Royal
3 Holly Holy--Neil Diamond
4 Whole Lotta Love--Led Zeppelin
5 Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head--B.J. Thomas
6 Someday We’ll Be Together--Diana Ross and the Supremes
7 The Rainmaker--Tom Northcott
8 Suspicious Minds--Elvis Presley
9 That’s Where I Went Wrong--The Poppy Family
10 Life is a Song--Gainsborough Gallery
Pick hit of the week: Cold Turkey--Plastic Ono Band

War
Casualties in Vietnam for the week ending December 20 were 85 Americans dead and 836 wounded; 421 South Vietnamese killed and 1,436 wounded; and 2,396 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong killed, mostly in scattered fighting along the Cambodian border and in the Mekong Delta.

Crime
The Grey Cup was stolen from Lansdowne Park in Ottawa, where it had resided since the Ottawa Rough Riders had won the trophy for the second straight year three weeks earlier.

Football
AFL
Inter-Divisional Playoff
Kansas City 13 @ New York 6

The Jets' reign as Super Bowl champions ended when they were edged by the Chiefs before 62,977 disappointed fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Kansas City had finished second in the West Division with a record of 11-3, while New York had led the East Division with a 10-4 record. Jim Turner's 27-yard field goal gave the Jets a 3-0 lead at the end of the first quarter, while the Chiefs replied with a 23-yard field goal by Jan Stenerud in the second quarter. Mr. Stenerud kicked a 25-yard field goal in the third quarter to give the Chiefs a 6-3 lead heading into the fourth quarter. The Jets had a chance to score a touchdown, but settled for a 7-yard field goal by Mr. Turner to tie the game 6-6 in the fourth quarter. The Chiefs finally scored the game's only touchdown on a 19-yard pass from Len Dawson to Gloster Richardson, converted by Mr. Stenerud. Jets' running backs Matt Snell and Emerson Boozer ran well, but the Chiefs' defense gave New York quarterback Joe Namath one of the most miserable days of his career, as he completed just 14 of 40 passes for 164 yards and 3 interceptions. Mr. Dawson completed 12 of 27 for 201 yards.

NCAA
Sun Bowl
Nebraska 45 Georgia 6

30 years ago
1979


World events
The director of Oxfam's relief program said that he did not see any lack of will on the part of the government of Cambodia when it came to distributing relief supplies, but that food distribution was hindered by technical and logistical problems.

Crime
Kim Jae Kyu, who had assassinated South Korean President Park Chung Hee on October 26, was sentenced to death along with six others. General Chung Seung Hwa, Martial Law Commander and Army Chief of Staff, was convicted of wilfully delaying the arrest of Kim Jae Kyu.

Medicine
A brain chemical 200 times more powerful in action than morphine was discovered by scientists at Stanford University and California Institute of Technology, it was reported. The chemical, dynorphin, was so potent, specific, and selective in its action on nerve cells that it was thought by the scientists to hold the key to pain control. The chemical was a member of the endorphin group of brain chemicals first discovered five years earlier.

20 years ago
1989


War
In the early morning hours, more than 12,000 U.S. Army, Navy, and Air Force personnel landed in Panama, doubling the U.S. military presence in the country. U.S. forces were divided into five task forces which attacked selected targets. One seized the headquarters of the Panama defense forces; other targets included military and strategic locations in and around Panama City. he U.S. force, however, failed to capture dictator General Manuel Noriega. An alternative government, headed by Guillermo Endara as president, was sworn in by a Panamanian judge at a U.S. military base. Mr. Endara claimed he had won a presidential election in May, but Gen. Noriega had annulled the vote. To protect shipping, U.S. troops closed the Panama Canal. Announcing the invasion, U.S. President George Bush said he had the obligation to safeguard the lives of American citizens. U.S. Secretary of State James Baker said that Gen. Noriega reportedly had planned to attack U.S. citizens in Panama. Most members of the United States Congress supported the invasion.

Politics and government
The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia replaced Karel Urbanek as its leader with Premier Ladislav Adamec.

The Lithuanian Communist Party declared itself independent of the Soviet party and asserted that its goal was the creation of an "independent democratic Lithuanian state."

Protest
Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu returned from a visit to Iran and denounced the pro-democracy demonstrators in his country.

10 years ago
1999


Abominations
The Vermont Supreme Court ordered the state to guarantee sodomite couples the same benefits as normal married couples.

After midnight ceremonies to mark the return of Macao to China after 442 years of Portuguese colonial rule, Chinese troops entered the territory.

Business
Canadian National Railways announced that it was combining with American railway giant Burlington Northern Santa Fe to create the largest freight carrier in North America, with 67,000 employees.

Oddities
Constable Mel Millas, a Vancouver, British Columbia policeman became a millionaire when a provincial judge awarded him a bagful of money he had found in a provincial park. However, he was warned not to spend the cash for six years in case the true owner came forward.

December 19, 2009

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: What Do You Want?--Adam Faith (3rd week at #1)

Albertana
J. Percy Page was installed as Alberta's Lieutenant-Governor, replacing John Bowlen. Mr. Page was famous as the coach of the world-famous Edmonton Grads women's basketball team from 1915-1940, and served as leader of the provincial Liberal opposition in the 1940s. He also lived just a couple of doors down from this blogger in the 1960s.

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

Edmonton’s top 10
1 Come Together/Something--The Beatles
2 One Tin Soldier--The Original Caste
3 Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary
4 Cherry Hill Park--Billy Joe Royal
5 Take a Letter, Maria--R.B. Greaves
6 Holly Holy--Neil Diamond
7 Cold Turkey--Plastic Ono Band
8 Smile a Little Smile For Me--The Flying Machine
9 Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head--B.J. Thomas
10 Down on the Corner--Creedence Clearwater Revival

At the movies
Topaz, director Alfred Hitchcock’s first movie since Torn Curtain in 1966, was released. This blogger was at the Capitol Theatre in Yellowknife with his friends watching Head, which finally made it to Yellowknife 13 months after its original release in the United States.

Defense
Two U.S. spy ships, the Oxford and the Jamestown, were decommissioned in Yokosuka, Japan.

30 years ago
1979


Hockey
NHL
Detroit 6 Edmonton 4

25 years ago
1984


Abominations
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang signed an agreement to transfer Hong Kong to China in 1997.

Hockey
NHL
Scotty Bowman became the NHL's career leader in victories with 691 when he coached the Buffalo Sabres to a 6-3 victory over the Black Hawks in Chicago.

20 years ago
1989


Diplomacy
West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl met with East German Premier Hans Modrow.

Protest
Pro-democracy demonstrations that had begun in Timisoara, Transylvania, Romania several days earlier spread to two other cities.

Crime
A bomb was discovered at the Jacksonville, Florida office of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People before it exploded. Federal investigators said that they had "hard forensic evidence" to link the bomb with those that had killed Alabama judge Robert Vance on December 16 and Savannah, Georgia attorney Robert Robinson on December 18. Another bomb had been discovered at the federal court building in Atlanta on December 18. Eventually, Walter Moody was convicted of murder and currently sits on death row in Alabama.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.4% in November.

10 years ago
1999


Abominations
At midnight, China regained sovereignty over the territory of Macao after 442 years of Portuguese colonial rule. Portugal and China agreed that the newly named Macao Special Administrative Region, consisting of a piece of mainland and two islands totalling 8.1 square miles and populated mostly by ethnic Chinese, would keep its capitalist economic system and continue to allow gambling (illegal in China) for 50 years.

Politics and government
In elections for the State Duma, the lower house of the Russian parliament, centrist and pro-government parties did well at the expense of parties further to the right and left. Although the Communists ran first with 25% of the vote, they were not in a position to form the largest bloc of seats.

December 18, 2009

70 years ago
1939


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: Wisteria Lodge

60 years ago
1949


Football
NFL Championship
Philadelphia 14 @ Los Angeles 0

Steve Van Buren rushed 31 times for 196 yards to lead the Eagles to their second straight title. A steady downpour turned the field into a quagmire, and the conditions were more favourable to the Eagles’ offense, which relied primarily on the ground game, than to the Rams’, which was primarily a passing offense. Philadelphia quarterback Tommy Thompson threw just 9 passes, completing 5 for 68 yards. One of his completions went for a 31-yard touchdown to Pete Pihos in the second quarter, converted by Cliff Patton. The other touchdown was scored in the third quarter on a 2-yard return of a blocked punt by Leo Skladany, converted by Mr. Patton. Los Angeles quarterbacks Norm Van Brocklin and Bob Waterfield combined to complete 10 of 27 passes for just 98 yards, while the team rushed for just 21 yards. The Rams recorded just 7 first downs. Only 27,980 braved the elements at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

50 years ago
1959


On the radio
Bruce-Partington-planerne, starring Bendt Rothe as Sherlock Holmes and Hass Christensen as Dr. Watson

This was broadcast in Denmark and was a Danish translation of Felix Felton’s adaptation of The Bruce-Partington Plans, which had been broadcast on BBC Home Service on November 4, 1954, with Carleton Hobbs as Sherlock Holmes and Norman Shelley as Dr. Watson.

40 years ago
1969


Abominations
The British House of Lords voted to abolish capital punishment.

Diplomacy
An 11-point U.S. plan dealing with the Jordanian-Israeli aspect of Middle East conflict was submitted at the four-power Middle East meetings at the United Nations.

Economics and finance
The U.S. State Department announced a slight easing of restrictions on trading in non-strategic goods with Communist China.

Labour
Jock Yablonski, who had lost the election for the presidency of the United Mine Workers of America to Tony Boyle on December 9, asked the United States Department of Labor to investigate the election for fraud. He also initiated five lawsuits against UMWA in federal court.

30 years ago
1979


At the movies
This blogger attended a preview screening of Kramer vs. Kramer at the Capilano Theatre in Edmonton. It was the first movie I ever won tickets to, but not the last. I thought it was a very good film, but I haven’t seen it since.

Politics and government
The Liberal Party of Canada drafted former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, who had supposedly stepped down as leader on November 21, to lead the party into the federal election scheduled for February 18, 1980.

Religion
Rev. Hans Kung, a Swiss Roman Catholic professor of theology at the University of Tubingen in West Germany, was censured by the Vatican and forbidden to teach. The edict was issued by the Vatican’s sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, who said that it had issued a public document on February 15, 1975 stating that some of Prof. Kung’s views were "opposed in different degrees to the doctrine of the church," and that Prof. Kung had not changed his views in the intervening years. The Congregation declared that since Prof. Kung had departed from the "integral truth of Catholic faith" in his writings, he "can no longer be considered a Catholic theologian nor function as such in a teaching role." In addition to being charged with placing the infallibility of the church in doubt, Prof. Kung was accused of questioning the virgin birth of Jesus and of saying that Jesus never said he believed He was the Son of God. Rev. Kung, who could continue to be a priest, said he was "deeply ashamed of my church" which "has now begun to defend human rights" while it "defames and discredits its own theologians." Rev. Kung announced that he would fight the censure, and liberal theologians organized themselves on his behalf.

Disasters
An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale rocked Bali, killing 19 people and injuring more than 160.

20 years ago
1989

Died on this date
Robert E. Robinson
. U.S. attorney. Mr. Robinson, a Negro who had performed legal work for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, was killed by a bomb that had been mailed to his office in Savannah, Georgia. Mr. Robinson’s death occurred two days after the similar murder of Judge Robert S. Vance of the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals in Alabama. Another bomb was discovered at the federal court building in Atlanta. Walter Moody ended up being convicted of the murders.

Diplomacy
The United States administration of President George Bush announced that national Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft and Deputy Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger, who had concluded a two-day visit to China on December 10, had also made a secret trip to China in July, a month after the Chinese regime had crushed the student uprising in Beijing’s Tienanmen Square.

Labour
Britain’s Labour Party, in line with European legislation, abandoned its policy in favour of closed shops. The move was seen by many as an attempt by Labour to shed the image of a party that was run by unions.

10 years ago
1999


Terrorism
Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga was injured in one of two bomb blasts that killed at least 18 people and injured 150 others at opposing election rallies.

Protest
Julia Butterfly Hill, 25, who had spent two years sitting in a redwood tree in California 180 feet above ground to protest logging by the Pacific Lumber Company, agreed to vacate the tree when the company agreed to preserve the tree and all trees within a 3-acre buffer zone. In addition, $50,000 that Miss Hill and others had raised to support her cause was given to the lumber company, as stipulated by the resolution.

December 17, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ken Thiessen!

70 years ago
1939


War
The German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee, heavily damaged from the Battle of the River Plate four days earlier and unable to safely depart Montevideo, left Montevideo harbour at 1815 hours and was scuttled by her crew just outside the harbour on orders of Captain Hans Langsdorff in order to avoid risking the lives of the crew in what the captain expected to be a losing battle. Uruguayan authorities had adhered to international treaties and had granted the Admiral Graf Spee a stay of 72 hours beyond the required 24 hours, but had ordered the ship to depart by 2000 hours on December 17 or be interned for the remainder of World War II.

40 years ago
1969


On television tonight
On Tonight, on NBC, Johnny Carson hosted one of his most unusual (and highest-rated) programs, featuring the wedding of pop singer Tiny Tim and "Miss Vicki" Budinger. Video may be seen in parts 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9. Tiny Tim (real name Herbert Khaury) was 37 at the time of the wedding, 20 years older than his bride.

Defense
The United States Air Force announced the end of Project Blue Book, its 21-year study of unidentified flying objects. In a check of 12,618 UFO sightings reported, Air Force Secretary Robert Seamans said that no evidence had been found that any of them were extraterrestrial spaceships or were a threat to national security.

30 years ago
1979


World events
The International Red Cross reported that little of the 33,000 tons of supplies it had delivered to Cambodia had been distributed, and warned that it would discontinue its relief if the delay did not end.

25 years ago
1984


Football
NFL
Dan Marino of the Miami Dolphins capped the most spectacular single-season passing display in history when he threw 4 touchdown passes in a 28-21 victory over the Dallas Cowboys at the Orange Bowl in Miami. Mr. Marino, in his second year as a pro, finished the regular season with a record 48 touchdown passes and 5,084 yards passing.

20 years ago
1989


War
U.S. troops in Panama were placed on high alert. There were already 12,000 military personnel in the country, their primary duty being to guard the Panama Canal.

Protest
Romanian Securitate (internal security) troops shot a large number of people to death at a pro-democracy demonstration in Timisoara, Transylvania.

10 years ago
1999


Disasters
Three days of heavy rains in Venezuela produced floods and mudslides that claimed at least 9,000 lives. Unofficial estimates were as high as 30,000, and many of the victims were from densely populated slums. More than 100,000 were left homeless.

Politics and government
U.S. Vice-President Al Gore and Senator Bill Bradley, candidates for the Democratic party nomination for President of the United States in 2000, disagreed over health care policy in a debate in Nashua, New Hampshire. Senator Bradley noted that he was the only candidate who favoured mandatory licensing and registration of all handguns.

Thursday, 10 December 2009

December 16, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Heather Austin!

75 years ago
1934


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Today’s episode: The Case of the Walking Corpse

50 years ago
1959

Died on this date
John Bowlen
. Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta, 1950-1959. Mr. Bowlen, a rancher from the area near Medicine Hat, died in office shortly before the expiration of his second five-year term.

40 years ago
1969


World events
Panamanian dictator Brigadier General Omar Torrijos, who had been unseated the day before by two colonels while he was in Mexico, returned to power. Backed by a 6,000-man army, Brig. Gen. Torrijos organized a motorcade and drove to Panama City, where the colonels surrendered without firing a shot.

Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan revealed that Israel had razed 516 Arab homes in the occupied areas since the Six-Day war in 1967 in retaliation for Arab co-operation with suspected terrorists.

Abominations
The British House of Commons voted 343-185 to abolish the death penalty for murder.

Labour
In a move seen as a precedent for putting all professional sports in the United States under the jurisdiction of national labour laws, the National Labor Relations Board ruled that major league baseball umpires were entitled to union protection, and ordered a representation election for the 24 umpires in the American League. The umpires, who had asked for the election, had accused the AL of unfair labour practices when it fired umpires Al Salerno and Bill Valentine in 1968.

Disasters
Cricket fans stampeding for tickets in Calcutta trampled 6 people to death and injured 50.

30 years ago
1979


World events
Iranian Foreign Minister Sadegh Ghotbzadeh said that the deposed shah’s departure from the United States showed that the U.S. had "retreated one step, and we have shown the whole world that a dictator and criminal like the shah comes to the point that there is no place for him to live."

Hockey
NHL
Winnipeg 4 Edmonton 3

25 years ago
1984


Diplomacy
Mikhail Gorbachev, widely believed to be the next leader of the Soviet Union, spent five hours in "very friendly" talks with British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher at Chequers, Mrs. Thatcher’s country estate.

20 years ago
1989


Died on this date
Robert S. Vance, 58
. U.S. judge. Mr. Vance, a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, was killed instantly at his home in Mountain Brook, Alabama, a suburb of Birmingham, when he opened a mail package containing a pipe bomb. Mr. Vance was the third U.S. federal judge in the 20th Century to be assassinated as a result of his judicial service. After an intensive investigation, Walter Moody, who had previously served four years in prison for possession of a bomb that had exploded in his house, was charged with the murders of Mr. Vance and Georgia civil rights attorney Robert E. Robinson, who had been killed in a separate blast. Mr. Moody was also charged with mailing bombs that had been defused at the Eleventh Circuit's headquarters and at the Jacksonville, Florida office of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Prosecutors speculated that Mr. Moody’s motive was revenge against the 11th Circuit Court for refusal to expunge his conviction, although Mr. Vance had not been on the panel that had considered the earlier case. Mr. Moody was sentenced to death for the murder of Judge Vance, and is currently on death row in Alabama.

War
Four off-duty U.S. servicemen in Panama were confronted at a roadblock by civilians and Panamanian troops, and one of the Americans was killed when they attempted to leave.

Protest
The previous day’s protest in Timisoara, Transylvania, Romania over the arrest and deportation of a Protestant minister evolved into a pro-democracy demonstration, and army and Securitate (internal security) troops moved in.

10 years ago
1999


World events
An inquiry panel into the 1994 massacre of 800,000 Rwandans blamed the then-United Nations Secretary General, Boutros Boutros-Ghali; the UN Security Council; UN staff; and the UN mission in Rwanda, which was under the command of Gen. Romeo Dallaire of Canada.

Diplomacy
Two days of talks in Washington between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Syrian Foreign Minister Farouk al-Shara concluded, with the main sticking point being control of the Golan Heights, which Israel had captured in the Six-Day War in 1967.

Politics and government
U.S. Senators John McCain (Republican--Arizona) and Bill Bradley (Democrat--New Jersey), candidates for their respective parties’ nominations for President of the United States in 2000, signed an agreement not to use "soft money" (donations made, supposedly for issue advocacy, to political parties, and therefore not subject to legal limitations) in the fall campaign if both were nominated.