Tuesday, 29 June 2010

June 30, 2010

150 years ago
1860

Baseball

The Brooklyn Excelsiors became the first baseball club to go on tour when they left for Albany. They covered 10,000 miles in 10 days, playing games in Albany, Troy, Buffalo, Rochester, and Newburgh, New York.

75 years ago
1935


Baseball
The Detroit Tigers swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Browns at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis by scores of 18-1 and 11-6. Detroit leadoff hitter Pete Fox had 3 hits, including a grand slam, scored 4 runs, and drove in 6 in the first game. He followed that with 5 hits, 4 runs, and 4 RBIs in the second game. Schoolboy Rowe and General Crowder were the respective winning pitchers.

Syl Johnson won his 8th straight game as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Boston Braves 15-5 at Braves Field.

60 years ago
1950

Baseball

For the first time in 15 years, Joe DiMaggio of the New York Yankees and Dom DiMaggio of the Boston Red Sox hit home runs in the same game as the Red Sox won 10-2 in the second game of a doubleheader.

Sibby Sisti hit a pinch grand slam to lead the Boston Braves to an 8-4 win over the New York Giants at the Polo Grounds in New York.

The Chicago White Sox edged the St. Louis Browns 3-2 in 13 innings after St. Louis pitcher Ned Garver missed touching third base while rounding the bag while scoring what would have been the winning run earlier in the game, and was called out.

50 years ago
1960


Baseball
The San Francisco Giants and Pittsburgh Pirates split a doubleheader at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Jack Sanford pitched a 3-hitter as the Giants won the opener 11-0. The Pirates won the second game 11-6, led by Dick Stuart’s 3 consecutive home runs and 7 runs batted in.

Winning pitcher Don Cardwell had 4 hits to lead the Chicago Cubs to an 11-5 win over the Milwaukee Braves at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Ted Williams hit a home run off Jim Bunning and Don Buddin scored the winning run after eluding a rundown in the 8th inning as the Boston Red Sox beat the Detroit Tigers 11-7 at Fenway Park in Boston. Rocky Colavito hit 2 home runs for the Tigers.

40 years ago
1970


Personal
This blogger finished Grade 3 in Mrs. Fizer’s class at Yellowknife Public School.

War
U.S. President Richard Nixon gave his final report on the recent U.S. military operation, terming it a success. After 34 days of debate, the United States Senate passed the Cooper-Church amendment, which barred the President from spending money to "retain" American forces in Cambodia; sending military advisers there; providing combat air support for Cambodian forces; or from paying any foreign troops who were assisting the Cambodians.

Politics
The United States Senate voted 76-19 to override President Richard Nixon’s veto of a bill authorizing $1.3 billion in hospital construction and modernization grants. Mr. Nixon had vetoed the bill as fiscally irresponsible. The House of Representatives had voted 279-98 to override Mr. Nixon’s veto the week before the Senate vote. It was the first time in 10 years that Congress had overturned a presidential veto.

Technology
The first commercial Picturephone service was inaugurated in Pittsburgh.

Boxing
George Chuvalo knocked out Charlie Reno in the 3rd round of a heavyweight bout in Seattle.

Baseball
The Atlanta Braves beat the Cincinnati Reds 8-2 before a sellout crowd of 51,050 in the first game at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Hank Aaron of the Braves hit the first home run in the new stadium.

30 years ago
1980


World events
Pope John Paul II arrived in Brasilia to begin the longest papal trip outside Italy in modern times. Through July 11, Pope John Paul visited 13 cities in Brazil and covered 17,500 miles.

Energy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed legislation authorizing a program to develop synthetic energy resources, saying that the scope of the program "will dwarf the combined programs that led us to the moon and built our interstate highway systems." The bill created the United States Synthetic Fuels Corporation; authorized $20 billion to be used by the corporation over the next five years; and made another $68 billion available for the following seven years, subject to Congressional appropriation. The bill, aimed at reducing U.S. dependence on imported oil, set a goal of the production of the equivalent of 500,000 barrels of oil per day by 1987 and 2,000,000 barrels per day by 1992 from alternative sources. Coal would be turned into gasoline, and oil would be extracted from shale. The bill also created a solar energy bank and authorized a $1.45-billion alcohol fuel production program.

25 years ago
1985


Terrorism
All 39 captives being held by the Shia Muslim Amal in Lebanon were released after almost three weeks of captivity, after intervention by Syrian President Hafez al-Assad.

20 years ago
1990


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Step By Step--New Kids on the Block (2nd week at #1)
2 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
3 Poison--Bell Biv DeVoe
4 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
5 Ready Or Not--After 7
6 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
7 Hold On--En Vogue
8 I’ll Be Your Shelter--Taylor Dayne
9 Vogue--Madonna
10 U Can’t Touch This--M.C. Hammer

Diplomacy
South African Communist terrorist Nelson Mandela ended his tour of the United States after visiting New York; Washington; Atlanta; Miami; Detroit; Los Angeles; and Oakland.

10 years ago
2000


Baseball
The New York Mets scored 10 runs--9 after 2 were out--in the bottom of the 8th inning to overcome an 8-1 deficit and defeat the Atlanta Braves 11-8 at Shea Stadium in New York. Mike Piazza’s 3-run home run was the deciding blow.

June 29, 2010

125 years ago
1885

Baseball

In an American Association game, Guy Hecker went the distance, striking out 8 batters in 13 innings while batting 3 for 6 and scoring the winning run as the Louisville Colonels edged the Pittsburgh Alleghenys 4-3.

100 years ago
1910

Born on this date
Frank Loesser
. U.S. songwriter. Mark Steyn has a tribute on his site to the writer of such songs as Heart and Soul and Baby, It's Cold Outside, as well as the song score of Guys and Dolls.

60 years ago
1950


Soccer
In perhaps the biggest upset in soccer history, the United States team, composed mostly of amateurs with jobs such as mailmen or carpenters, defeated England 1-0 in a first-round World Cup match in Brazil. Some British newspapers assumed wire service score lines had to be an error and reported the result as a 10-1 English victory.

Baseball
The Boston Red Sox beat the Philadelphia Athletics 22-14 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia, establishing an American League record for the greatest number of runs scored by 2 teams in a single game. There were 21 bases on balls in the game, but only 1 home run, by Ted Williams of the Red Sox. It was the third time in June that the Red Sox had scored 20 or more runs in a game.

In an American Association game in Milwaukee, Bama Rowell of the Minneapolis Millers lofted a fly ball to right field in the 4th inning, and ended up with a double when two nighthawks pecked at the ball in flight and deflected its path away from Brewers’ outfielders Bob Jaderlund and Bob Addis.

In an effort to thwart the major leagues’ signing of Negro players, J.B. Martin, president of the Chicago Giants of the Negro American League, instructed manager Ted Radcliffe to begin signing white players. Mr. Radcliffe promptly signed teenagers Lou Chirban‚ Lou Clarizio and Al Dubetts. Later in the year Mr. Radcliffe signed Stanley Miarka and Frank Dyall, but all the white players had short Negro League careers.

The New York Yankees called up pitcher Whitey Ford from the Kansas City Blues of the American Association. In 12 games with the Blues, the 21-year-old had a record of 6-3 with an earned run average of 3.22. With Binghamton of the Eastern League in 1949, Mr. Ford had led the league with 151 strikeouts and an earned run average of 1.61 while compiling a 16-5 record.

50 years ago
1960


Television
The British Broadcasting Corporation opened its new Television Centre.

Boxing
Pete Rademacher (7-3-1) scored a technical knockout over LaMar Clark (42-2) at 2:27 of the 10th round of a heavyweight bout at Derks Field in Salt Lake City.

40 years ago
1970


On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: Mission Abort

War
The last of 18,000 American ground troops, except for a few advisers, pulled out of Cambodia the day before the deadline set by U.S. President Richard Nixon.

Law
The U.S. Indian Claims Commission ruled that the Navajo and Hopi tribes were the owners of more than 2 million acres of land in northern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico. Commission chairman Jerome Kuykendall urged prompt proceedings to evaluate the lands awarded to the Indians.

Society
Bishop Stephen Spottswood, chairman of the board of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, said in a keynote address to the organization that the administration of U.S. President Richard Nixon had a calculated anti-Negro policy.

Boxing
Sonny Liston (50-4) scored a 10-round technical knockout over Chuck Wepner (20-5-2) in a heavyweight bout in Jersey City, New Jersey. The fight was stopped by the ring doctor because of multiple cuts on Mr. Wepner’s face. The former world champion praised Mr. Wepner after the fight as the gamest man he ever fought. It turned out to be the last bout for Mr. Liston, who reportedly went home to Las Vegas with no pay because he’s bet his share of the purse on the recent Jerry Quarry-Mac Foster bout, and unfortunately put his money on Mr. Foster.

25 years ago
1985


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sussudio--Phil Collins
2 Heaven--Bryan Adams
3 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
4 Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
5 Raspberry Beret--Prince and the Revolution
6 In My House--Mary Jane Girls
7 Angel--Madonna
8 Suddenly--Billy Ocean
9 Things Can Only Get Better--Howard Jones
10 Would I Lie to You?--Eurythmics

Entering the chart at #42 was The Power of Love by Huey Lewis and the News, from the movie Back to the Future. Mr. Lewis had a bit part in the movie as a high school teacher.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Ottawa (1-3) 14 @ Hamilton (1-3) 33

1985 marked the last year in which CFL teams each played 4 pre-season games. In 1986 the pre-season was shortened to 2 games, while the regular season was extended from 16 to 18 games.

20 years ago
1990


Diplomacy
The Lithuanian parliament agreed to suspend its declaration of independence for 100 days in exchange for an agreement by the Soviet government to negotiate on the issue and end economic sanctions.

Politics and government
Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa said that he would work with parti Quebecois leader Jacques Parizeau to establish a non-partisan commission to consider Quebec's political future in the wake of the recent collapse of the Meech Lake Canadian constitutional accord.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Ottawa (1-0) 26 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 23

Baseball
Dave Stewart pitched the first no-hitter at SkyDome in Toronto as the Oakland Athletics blanked the Toronto Blue Jays 5-0.

The second no-hitter of the day was pitched by Fernando Valenzuela of the Los Angeles Dodgers, who beat the St. Louis Cardinals 6-0 at Dodger Stadium. With a runner on base and 1 out in the 9th inning, Pedro Guerrero of the Cardinals hit a grounder up the middle; Mr. Valenzuela reached out with his glove and deflected the ball to shortstop Alfredo Griffin, who started a double play to end the game. It was the first time since the double no-hitter pitched by Fred Toney of the Cincinnati Reds and Hippo Vaughn of the Chicago Cubs on May 2, 1917 that two no-hitters had been pitched in the major leagues on the same day.

10 years ago
2000


World events
Hundreds of refugees feeling religious conflict in Indonesia were drowned when their overloaded ship sank in stormy waters.

Monday, 28 June 2010

June 28, 2010

120 years ago
1890

Born on this date
Ken Williams
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Williams was an outfielder in the major leagues from 1915-1929, spending 10 years (1918-1927) with the St. Louis Browns. His best season was 1922, when he hit .332 and led the American League in home runs (39); runs batted in (155); and total bases (367), was second in slugging average (.627), home run percentage (6.7) and stolen bases (37), and third in runs (128). From 1921-1927 Mr. Williams was near the top of the American League in home runs, home run percentage, and slugging average. In 1925 he led the AL with a slugging average of .613. Ken Williams died on January 22, 1959 at the age of 68.

100 years ago
1910

Baseball

Joe Tinker stole home plate twice as the Chicago Cubs beat the Cincinnati Reds 11-1.

90 years ago
1920

Baseball

Dave Bancroft had 6 singles in 6 at bats and Frank Frisch, George Kelly, and George Burns hit home runs as the New York Giants whipped the Philadelphia Phillies 18-3.

80 years ago
1930


Baseball
The Detroit Stars and Kansas City Monarchs played in a Negro League game at Hamtramck Stadium in the first night game to be played in Detroit.

60 years ago
1950


Baseball
Roy Smalley hit for the cycle to lead the Chicago Cubs to a 15-3 rout of the St. Louis Cardinals at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Doyle Lade was the winning pitcher.

50 years ago
1960


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, James Remnant!

Disasters
45 miners were killed in a gas explosion at Six Bells Colliery in Monmouthshire, Wales.

40 years ago
1970


On the radio
The Second Stain and The Bruce-Partington Plans, starring Robert Vierengel as Sherlock Holmes and Chris Steinbrunner as Dr. Watson, on WFUV

These dramatizations of the A. Conan Doyle stories were presented by The Priory Scholars, a Sherlock Holmes society in New York. WFUV-FM was the campus station of Fordham University. Recordings of these broadcasts are available as part of an MP3 CD of Sherlock Holmes broadcasts from OTRCat.com.

Protest
Three days of clashes between Roman Catholics and Protestants in Londonderry, Northern Ireland concluded with 5 people shot to death and 240 seriously wounded. Ulster’s 8,000-man British garrison was reinforced by 450 troops flown in. Northern Irish Deputy Prime Minister Brian Faulkner termed the violence "planned arson" perpetrated by "gunmen active against the army." Mr. Faulkner said that this violence was different from the 1969 riots in which, he asserted, Roman Catholics thought they were protecting their homes. Meanwhile, 1,500 people in London protested against the June 26 jailing of Mid-Ulster Member of Parliament Bernadette Devlin for her role in the 1969 Bogside riots.

Auto racing
USAC
Mario Andretti won a 150-mile race on a road course at Castle Rock, Colorado, for his first victory of 1970. Swede Savage finished second and A.J. Foyt third.

Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates swept a doubleheader from the Chicago Cubs 3-2 and 4-1 in the final games at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

Pete Rose and Bobby Tolan led off with consecutive home runs and Tony Perez hit his 27th home run of the season in the 9th inning as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Houston Astros 3-2 at the Astrodome. Don Wilson gave up all 3 home runs and took the loss.

30 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Coming Up--Paul McCartney & Wings

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Funkytown--Lipps, Inc. (5th week at #1)
2 Coming Up--Paul McCartney & Wings
3 The Rose--Bette Midler
4 It’s Still Rock and Roll to Me--Billy Joel
5 Little Jeannie--Elton John
6 Steal Away--Robbie Dupree
7 Cars--Gary Numan
8 Against the Wind--Bob Seger
9 Biggest Part of Me--Ambrosia
10 Cupid/I’ve Loved You for a Long Time--The Spinners

Disasters
The wreckage of an Italian jetliner that had apparently exploded in midair was found in the Tyrrhenian Sea, 90 miles southwest of Naples. Bodies of 42 of the 81 people on board were found, but no survivors were discovered.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Edmonton (2-1) 16 @ Calgary (3-1) 28

The Eskimos scored a couple of late touchdowns to make the score respectable, but the Stampeders dominated the game. After one of the Edmonton touchdowns, Eskimo receiver Waddell Smith flattened Stampeder kickoff returner William Miller with one of the hardest hits I’ve ever seen. The loss was costly for the Eskimos in terms of injuries: rookie defensive back Maurice Burton suffered a knee injury that put him on the injured list for the entire season, and veteran linebacker Harry Walters suffered a similar injury, and ended up playing only one regular season game with the Eskimos.

Baseball
The Cincinnati Reds beat the Houston Astros 8-5 as Houston starting pitcher J.R. Richard left after just 3 1/3 innings, the ninth time in 16 starts in 1980 that Mr. Richard had left the game early because of a physical ailment.

25 years ago
1985


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (4-0) 9 @ Toronto (2-2) 8
British Columbia (3-1) 21 @ Saskatchewan (2-2) 3
Edmonton (1-3) 34 @ Calgary (2-2) 33

Chris Woods caught 3 touchdown passes for the Eskimos as they edged the Stampeders at McMahon Stadium, and his last one, late in the game, gave the Eskimos their first pre-season win in two years.

20 years ago
1990


Abominations
Michel Legere, Mayor of Hull, Quebec, said that a visit from Queen Elizabeth II was not appropriate so soon after the collapse of the Meech Lake constitutional accord: "We don’t want her here, but it’s nothing personal. When the Queen visits, she represents Canada, and she represents the refusal of the distinct society."

Scandal
The prosecution presented its key piece of evidence at the trial of Washington, D.C. Mayor Marion Barry--a videotape apparently showing Mr. Barry smoking crack in a room at the Vista International Hotel in Washington. The defense contended that the tape supported the entrapment defense.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (0-1) 19 @ Toronto (1-0) 60
Edmonton (0-1) 23 @ British Columbia (1-0) 24

10 years ago
2000


Abominations
Six-year-old Elian Gonzalez was returned to his father in Cuba after the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear arguments by the boy’s Miami relatives that he had been denied a right to an asylum hearing. Elian had fled Fidel Castro’s island prison for Florida months earlier, but his mother had died on the way when their primitive craft capsized. A long legal battle involving Elian’s Florida relatives and the pro-Communist U.S. administration of President Bill Clinton ensued.

Baseball
Jeff Cirillo hit 3 home runs and a double, drove in 6 runs and scored 5 as the Colorado Rockies overcame a 7-run deficit to beat the San Francisco Giants 17-13 at Coors Field in Denver.

B.J. Surhoff batted 5 for 6 and extended his hitting streak to 21 games as the Baltimore Orioles edged the Boston Red Sox 8-7 in 11 innings.

Sunday, 27 June 2010

June 27, 2010

60 years ago
1950


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight's episode: The Argyle Murder Case

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Wisteria Cottage, starring Conrad Janis, Marjorie Gateson, and Joan Copeland

War
U.S. President Harry Truman ordered the United States Air Force and Navy into the Korean War.

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Everybody’s Somebody’s Fool--Connie Francis

40 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Love You Save--The Jackson 5

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Love You Save--The Jackson 5
2 Get Ready--Rare Earth
3 The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles
4 Hitchin’ a Ride--Vanity Fare
5 Mama Told Me (Not to Come)--Three Dog Night
6 Lay Down (Candles in the Rain)--Melanie with the Edwin Hawkins Singers
7 Which Way You Goin, Billy?--The Poppy Family
8 Ride Captain Ride--Blues Image
9 Ball of Confusion--The Temptations
10 My Baby Loves Lovin’--White Plains

Calgary’s top 10
1 The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles
2 Gimme Dat Ding--The Pipkins
3 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
4 Up Around the Bend--Creedence Clearwater Revival
5 Little Green Bag--George Baker Selection
6 Mr. Pride--The Pepper Tree
7 I’m Gonna Capture You--Terry Jacks
8 A Song of Joy--Miguel Rios
9 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
10 Mississippi--John Phillips
Pick hit of the week: Teach Your Children--Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young

R. Dean Taylor was a Canadian who had written songs for the Motown corporation. Indiana Wants Me was his first hit as an artist.

War
With scattered fighting taking place as American forces were leaving Cambodia, U.S. casualties for this week in the Vietnam War numbered 104 dead--including 34 in Cambodia--and 802 wounded.

Politics and government
King Hussein of Jordan named Foreign Minister Abdel Monheim Rifai, who had conducted most of the recent truce talks with Palestinian guerrillas, as Premier, succeeding Bahjat al-Talhouni, who had resigned the previous day.

Protest
It was reported that the names of thousands of law-abiding Americans termed "persons of interest" were being fed into several large U.S. government computers for use by law enforcement agents. The U.S. Justice Department, the Secret Service, and the Army were among the organizations that maintained computer files on possible "malcontents," "radicals," and "moderates."

Rioting between Roman Catholics and Protestants continued in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, the day after Member of Parliament Bernadette Devlin had begun serving a six-month prison sentence for her role in the Bogside riots of 1969.

30 years ago
1980


Defense
U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed a funding bill for a peacetime draft registration, six months after he had said, in the wake of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, that a revival of the registration would demonstrate a resolve to resist aggression. The U.S. had suspended draft registration in 1975, and actual conscription in 1973.

25 years ago
1985


Hit parade
Canada's top 30
1 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
2 Angel--Madonna
3 Would I Lie to You?--Eurythmics
4 Raspberry Beret--Prince and the Revolution
5 Black Cars--Gino Vannelli
6 Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
7 Sussudio--Phil Collins
8 The Search is Over--Survivor
9 If You Love Somebody Set Them Free--Sting
10 The Goonies 'R Good Enough--Cyndi Lauper
11 Never Surrender--Corey Hart
12 Strange Animal--Gowan
13 In My House--Mary Jane Girls
14 Axel F--Harold Faltermeyer
15 Tough Alkl Over--John Cafferty and the Beaver Brown Band
16 Into the Groove--Madonna
17 Crazy in the Night--Kim Carnes
18 Everytime You Go Away--Paul Young
19 Walk of Life--Dire Straits
20 Things Can Only Get Better--Howard Jones
21 Walking on Sunshine--Katrina and the Waves
22 Sentimental Street--Night Ranger
23 Voices Carry--'Til Tuesday
24 Glory Days--Bruce Springsteen
25 Smuggler's Blues--Glenn Frey
26 Cannonball--Supertramp
27 The Power of Love--Huey Lewis and the News
28 Go to Pieces--Paul Janz
29 Getcha Back--The Beach Boys
30 Possession Obsession--Daryl Hall and John Oates

Americana
Route 66, running from Chicago to Santa Monica, California, was decertified, a victim of the Interstate Highway System. This blogger has travelled along a short stretch of Route 66, in Missouri.

20 years ago
1990


Space
The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration reported that an improper curvature in one or both mirrors in the $1.5-billion Hubble Space Telescope was preventing rays of light from meeting at a sharp focus at the cameras. The defect appeared to preclude any search for black holes and quasars, and might also jeopardize a calculation of the size of the universe. A camera could be sent up in three years to correct for the flaw, but the mirrors, which had not been tested together on the ground for reasons of cost, could not be replaced, NASA said.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that leading economic indicators had risen 0.8% in May.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-1) 10 @ Calgary (1-0) 29

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
The parliament of Syria approved Bashar al-Assad, son of recently-deceased President Hafez al-Assad, as the sole candidate for President to be voted upon in a referendum in July.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (0-1-1) 33 @ Montreal (1-0-1) 43
Toronto (0-1-1) 13 @ Winnipeg (1-0-1) 59
Edmonton (1-1) 38 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 23 (Overtime demonstration: Edmonton 1 Saskatchewan 0)
Calgary (2-0) 32 @ British Columbia (1-1) 20

Saturday, 26 June 2010

June 26, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Stover!

140 years ago
1870

Americana

The first section of the Atlantic City Boardwalk opened.

120 years ago
1890

Baseball

The Philadelphia Quakers scored 14 runs in the 6th inning as they whipped the Buffalo Bisons 30-12 in a Players League game. The Bisons made 10 errors; as a result, only 6 of the runs against losing pitcher Lady Baldwin were earned.

90 years ago
1920

Baseball

Rip Collins pitched a 1-hitter as the New York Yankees blanked the Boston Red Sox 14-0.

Lou Gehrig hit a grand slam in the 8th inning to lead New York City’s School of Commerce to a 12-8 win over Chicago’s Lane Technical High School in a high school championship game at Cubs Park in Chicago.

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Good Timin’--Jimmy Jones

Baseball
Ron Santo, playing his first 2 major league games, batted 3 for 7 and drove in 5 runs as the Chicago Cubs swept a doubleheader from the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-5 and 7-6 at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

Edmonton’s top 10
1 The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles
2 Gimme Dat Ding--The Pipkins
3 Mississippi--John Phillips
4 My Baby Loves Lovin’--White Plains
5 Lay Down (Candles in the Rain)--Melanie with the Edwin Hawkins Singers
6 A Song of Joy--Miguel Rios
7 Crazy Jane--Tom Northcott
8 Big Yellow Taxi--Joni Mitchell
9 Soolaimon--Neil Diamond
10 Up Around the Bend--Creedence Clearwater Revival

War
Israel and Egypt fought the third day of what was described as the biggest battle in the Middle East since the Six-Day War in June 1967.

Protest
Riots broke out in Londonderry, Northern Ireland after Mid-Ulster Member of Parliament Bernadette Devlin, 23, was arrested. Miss Devlin had been free on appeal of her conviction for her role in the Bogside riots of 1969, but turned herself into police to begin serving a six-month prison sentence after the Northern Ireland Court of Appeal rejected her application.

Politics and government
Alexander Dubcek, who as Czechoslovakian Communist Party leader in 1968 had been largely responsible for the "Prague Spring" liberal reforms, was expelled from the party by the central committee after 32 years of membership, making him virtually an "unperson" in a Communist land. The committee also announced that Mr. Dubcek had been ousted two days earlier as Czechoslovakia’s Ambassador to Turkey. The "Prague Spring" was crushed in August 1968 when Soviet tanks invaded Czechoslovakia.

Bahjat al Talhouni resigned as Premier of Jordan.

Baseball
Frank Robinson hit 2 consecutive grand slams to lead the Baltimore Orioles to a 12-2 win over the Washington Senators.

Steve Kealey of the California Angels picked up his only win of the season when he entered the game against the Kansas City Royals at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City in the 5th inning with his team trailing 2-1 with nobody out. Mr. Kealey induced Amos Otis to hit into a triple play and was then lifted for a pinch hitter. The Angels scored 4 runs in the top of the 6th to take a 5-2 lead, and held on to win 5-4.

30 years ago
1980


War
Vietnamese Foreign Minister Nguyen Co Thack denied that Thailand’s territorial integrity had been violated by the invasion of Vietnamese troops three days earlier, and claimed that the troops had attacked only after Thai soldiers had "escorted" insurgents four miles inside Cambodian territory. Thai Foreign Minister Siddhi Savetsila said that the attack had driven more than 100,000 Cambodian refugees into Thailand.

25 years ago
1985


Baseball
Wilbur Snapp, organist at home games of the Clearwater Phillies of the Florida State League, was ejected by the first base umpire for playing "Three Blind Mice" after a disputed call.

20 years ago
1990


Diplomacy
South African terrorist Nelson Mandela addressed the United States Congress, thanking the U.S. for imposing sanctions against the South African government, and urging that they be maintained until "irreversible" reforms were established. Some members boycotted the speech, objecting, in part, to Mr. Mandela’s refusal to criticize fellow thugs Yasser Arafat, Fidel Castro, and Muammar Gaddafi, all of whom supported his cause.

Politics and government
Four more Quebec Members of Parliament--Louis Plamondon (Progressive Conservative--Richelieu); Benoit Tremblay (PC--Rosemount); Nic Leblanc (PC--Longeueil); and Jean Lapierre (Liberal--Shefford) announced that they were leaving their parties to work exclusively for Quebec interests in the House of Commons, bringing to seven the number of MP s who had defected in the aftermath of the failure of the Meech Lake Canadian constitutional accord. The four new independent MP s predicted that more would follow them to join a "Quebec first" party led by former PC cabinet minister Lucien Bouchard, who had quit the government in May.

The United States Senate voted 58-42 in favour of an amendment to the Constitution that would ban desecration of the American flag, but the total was short of the 2/3 majority required for the approval of an amendment.

Economics and finance
U.S. President George Bush, who had campaigned for president in 1988 against raising taxes, issued a statement in which he listed "tax revenue increases" as one of the necessary components of any plan to reduce the nation’s budget deficits. He indicated that a compromise with Congress on the budget was not possible without agreeing to some sort of revenue increase. Democratic party congressional leaders praised Mr. Bush’s flip-flop, but many Republicans were incensed. One letter, signed by more than half of the Republicans in the House of Representatives, called a tax increase "unacceptable."

10 years ago
2000


Medicine
Two teams of scientists--one in the United States led by Dr. J. Craig Venter, president of Celera Genomics; and the other in Britain led by Dr. Francis Collins, director of the human genome project at the National Institutes of Health--announced that they had determined the structure of the human genome. The teams had been racing for years to be the first to claim success. Though neither team had completed its work, the scientists decided to report their breakthrough together. Drs. Venter and Collins appeared at a joint announcement at the White House attended by U.S. President Bill Clinton and (bay satellite) British Prime Minister Tony Blair. Dr. James Watson, co-discoverer of DNA, also attended the ceremony. The breakthrough consisted in the success in naming the sequence of the "bases," or rungs, between the strands of DNA of each chromosome. The bases consist of chemical units--adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine.

Diplomacy
International inspectors Martti Ahtisaari and Cyril Ramaphosa said that they had seen Irish Republican Army weapons "safely and adequately" stored in bunkers, and were satisfied that they would not be used.

Baseball
Alex Cabrera hit a 2-run home run as a pinch hitter in his first major league at bat as the Arizona Diamondbacks beat the Houston Astros 6-1. Mr. Cabrera hit the home run off Yorkis Perez.

Friday, 25 June 2010

June 25, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gail McGonigal!

125 years ago
1885


Born on this date
Roy Henry
. Canadian insurance executive. This blogger's maternal grandfather ran Roy Henry Insurance for many years. After retiring, he became the first historian of the Edmonton Eskimos football club. He died on January 14, 1969 at the age of 83, and is still missed.

Baseball
The Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers beat the Philadelphia Athletics as 10 Brooklyn players had at least 2 hits each. Trolley Dodger third baseman George Pinckney batted 6 for 6, while Philadelphia shortstop George Strief had 4 triples and a double.

80 years ago
1930

Law

A judge in Chicago ruled that a foul ball hit into the stands at a baseball game belongs "to the boy who grabs it," and dismissed a charge of disorderly conduct against 17-year-old Arthur Porto, who had caught a foul ball off the bat of Chicago Cubs’ slugger Hack Wilson at Wrigley Field the previous day and refused to hand it over when an usher demanded its return. The usher had told him that the Cubs could not "afford to let the customers walk off with their baseballs." Mr. Porto and two friends had been arrested by stadium security staff and charged with disorderly conduct.

Baseball
Gabby Hartnett hit 2 home runs and 2 singles and drove in 7 runs, including the winning run in the bottom of the 9th inning, as the Chicago Cubs edged the Philadelphia Phillies 13-12 at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Browns 5-4 and 16-4. Sam Byrd had a single, double, and triple for the Yankees in the first game, while Babe Ruth hit his 25th and 26th home runs of the season in the second game.

The Washington Nationals scored 11 runs in the 7th inning to beat the Cleveland Indians 13-5. Ossie Bluege led the Nationals with 4 hits.

75 years ago
1935

Boxing

Joe Louis (20-0) scored a technical knockout over former world heavyweight champion Primo Carnera (81-8) at 2:32 of the 6th round at Yankee Stadium in New York. The "Brown Bomber" knocked the "Ambling Alp" down 3 times and had him draped helplessly over the top rope when referee Arthur Donovan stopped the fight.

60 years ago
1950

War

North Korean troops invaded South Korea, beginning the Korean War.

Baseball
Ralph Kiner hit for the cycle and added a second home run, driving in 8 runs, to lead the Pittsburgh Pirates past the Brooklyn Dodgers 16-11 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Everybody’s Somebody’s Fool--Connie Francis
2 Cathy’s Clown--The Everly Brothers
3 Alley-Oop--The Hollywood Argyles
--Dante and the Evergreens
4 Because They’re Young--Duane Eddy and the Rebels
5 Burning Bridges--Jack Scott
6 Swingin’ School--Bobby Rydell
7 Paper Roses--Anita Bryant
8 Good Timin’--Jimmy Jones
9 A Rockin’ Good Way (To Mess Around and Fall in Love)--Brook Benton and Dinah Washington
10 Love You So--Ron Holden with The Thunderbirds

40 years ago
1970

War

U.S. Secretary of State William Rogers told a press conference that the United States had taken a "political initiative" to get Egypt and Israel to "stop shooting and start talking."

Economics and finance
U.S. Commerce Secretary Maurice Stans gave the Nixon administration’s "reluctant" support to legislation imposing import quotas on textiles. The move came the day after negotiations with Japan seeking an agreement on textile trade collapsed.

Disasters
Seven people died and about a dozen were injured when a U.S. Navy jet trainer crashed into a residential area in San Antonio, Texas.

30 years ago
1980


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Ottawa (0-2-1) 24 @ Montreal (3-0) 34
Winnipeg (1-2) 20 @ Toronto (0-3) 16

25 years ago
1985


Terrorism
13 people were arrested in connection with a suspected Irish Republican Army bombing campaign uncovered by British police two days earlier.

20 years ago
1990


Diplomacy
South African terrorist Nelson Mandela met with U.S. President George Bush at the White House. Mr. Bush urged all parties in South Africa to renounce violence, but Mr. Mandela refused to make that commitment.

World events
Chinese dissidents Fang Lizhi, a physicist, and his wife Li Shuxian left China and flew to London aboard a U.S. Air Force plane. The couple had entered the United States embassy in Beijing in June 1989 to avoid being seized by Chinese authorities in the wake of the aborted uprising against the Communist regime. The Chinese government accused the couple of helping incite the pro-democracy movement. In a statement issued as they left, they admitted opposing elements of the Chinese constitution and agreed not to participate in "activities whose motive lies in opposing China." Mr. Fang was to become affiliated with Cambridge University.

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
The final day of parliamentary elections in Zimbabwe produced a large voter turnout, but international observers said that the polls were tainted by a dirty campaign plagued by violence and intimidation. Opponents of dictator Robert Mugabe posted gains, nonetheless.

Consumer advocate Ralph Nader received the Green Party nomination for President of the United States for the November election; he had also been the Green Party nominee in 1996. Mr. Nader vowed to raise $5 million and wage a serious campaign. He was averaging about 5% support in public opinion polls.

Thursday, 24 June 2010

June 24, 2010

120 years ago
1890

Baseball

The Chicago Pirates scored 13 runs in the 4th inning and whipped the Brooklyn Wonders 22-3 in a Players League game.

80 years ago
1930

Baseball

The New York Yankees swept their second straight doubleheader from the Philadelphia Athletics, winning 10-6 and 11-1. Babe Ruth hit 2 more home runs for the Yankees, giving him 8 in the last 6 games.

60 years ago
1950


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Third Man Theme--Anton Karas (10th week at #1)
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
2 Bewitched--Bill Snyder and his Orchestra
--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Doris Day
--Larry Green and his Orchestra
--Jan August & Jerry Murad’s Harmonicats
3 My Foolish Heart--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Billy Eckstine
--Mindy Carson
4 Sentimental Me--The Ames Brothers
--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
5 Hoop-Dee-Doo--Perry Como
--Kay Starr
--Doris Day
6 It Isn’t Fair--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
7 The Old Piano Roll Blues--Hoagy Carmichael and Cass Daley
--Lawrence "Piano Roll" Cook
8 I Wanna Be Loved--The Andrews Sisters
--Billy Eckstine
9 Roses--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
10 Daddy’s Little Girl--The Mills Brothers
--Dick Todd

Baseball
Wes Westrum hit 3 home runs and a triple, drove in 4 runs, and scored 5 as the New York Giants beat the Cincinnati Reds 12-2. Hank Thompson, Alvin Dark, Whitey Lockman, and Monte Irvin also homered for the Giants.

50 years ago
1960


Baseball
Willie Mays had 2 home runs and a single, 3 runs, 3 RBIs, a steal of home plate, and 10 putouts as the San Francisco Giants defeated the Cincinati Reds 5-3 at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

40 years ago
1970

Died on this date
Sawaii Man Singh, Maharajah of Jaipur, 58
. The former ruler of the Indian state of Rajasthan died in Cirencester, England. Once reputed to be among the world’s richest men, he announced in 1956 that he was "down to his last four elephants."

War
Israel and Egypt began fighting what was described as the biggest battle in the Middle East since the Six-Day War in 1967.

The United States Senate voted to repeal the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, which had been passed in 1964 with only two dissenting votes and had been used as justification by President Lyndon Johnson for escalating the Vietnam War. The move to repeal it was backed by the current administration of President Richard Nixon, which said that it did not need the resolution to justify current American military involvement in Vietnam.

Baseball
Johnny Bench and Lee May hit consecutive home runs in the 8th inning off Juan Marichal to give the Cincinnati Reds a 5-4 win over the San Francisco Giants before 28,027 fans in the last major league game at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

Bobby Murcer tied Lou Gehrig’s team record with 4 consecutive home runs for the New York Yankees as they split a doubleheader withe the Cleveland Indians at Yankee Stadium. The Indians won the first game 7-2 behind the pitching of Sam McDowell. Mr. Murcer hit a home run in the 9th inning of the first game, then hit a home run his first time at bat in the second game. He drew a base on balls his next time up, then followed with 2 more home runs. The Yankees needed a run in the bottom of the 9th to win 5-4. Cleveland first baseman Tony Horton literally crawled back to the dugout after striking out on two of Steve Hamilton’s "folly floater" pitches.

30 years ago
1980


War
A Thai spotter plane and a helicopter were shot down by Vietnamese anti-aircraft fire coming from inside Cambodia. The Vietnamese were forced to withdraw from two Thai villages and two large refugee camps by the Thai bombing. Thai formally protested the attack on their country to Vietnam, citing Vietnam’s repeated pledges not to violate Thai territory.

Economics and finance
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the Consumer Price Index had risen by just 0.9% in May, the same as in April. The figure put the projected annual inflation rate based on the last two months at about 11%, compared with an 18.1% rate in the first three months of 1980.

25 years ago
1985


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (2-1) 22 @ Ottawa (1-2) 23
Winnipeg (1-2) 22 @ Edmonton (0-3) 7

The Eskimos’ loss to the Blue Bombers on a dreary night at Commonwealth Stadium was the last game for both Dave Cutler and Tom Scott. Mr. Cutler hit the upright on his only field goal attempt, and Mr. Scott didn’t catch a pass, as he saw only brief action in the fourth quarter. Mr. Cutler was the CFL’s career leader in points, field goals, and converts, while Mr. Scott was the career leader in pass receiving yardage and was just one behind the record for career pass receptions. Both players ended up in the Canadian Football Hall of Fame, as well as the Edmonton Eskimos’ Wall of Honour.

20 years ago
1990


Politics and government
Jean Chretien, who had been elected leader of the opposition Liberal Party of Canada the previous day, said that he favoured a two-year cooling-off period before attempting a resumption of constitutional discussions.

Protest
Sodomites in the audience disrupted an address by U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Louis Sullivan to the 6th annual International AIDS Conference in San Francisco.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-0) 41 Saskatchewan (0-1) 40 @ Saskatoon

Baseball
Scott Erickson pitched a 2-hitter, retiring 24 of the last 25 batters for his 12th straight win as the Minnesota Twins blanked the New York Yankees 5-0.

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
In the first ballot of the contest for the leadership of the opposition Canadian Alliance party, Alberta provincial treasurer Stockwell Day took the lead over incumbent Reform Party leader. Mr. Manning was the driving force behind the creation of the Canadian Alliance, merging the Reform Party with other alleged conservatives.

Baseball
Bobby Higginson hit 3 home runs and drove in 6 runs to give the Detroit Tigers a 14-8 win over the Cleveland Indians and a split of their doubleheader. The Indians won the opener 8-1.

Barry Larkin batted 5 for 5 with 2 home runs, 4 runs, and 4 RBIs as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 11-5.

Doug Mirabelli had 5 hits, including a home run and 3 doubles, as the San Francisco Giants beat the Houston Astros 13-4.

Mark McGwire hit his 28th home run of the season and 550th of his major league career as the St. Louis Cardinals defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers 6-1.

Tuesday, 22 June 2010

June 23, 2010

100 years ago
1910

Religion

The Home Base of Missions was the theme of the presentation on the final day of the World Missionary Conference in the Assembly Hall at United Free Church of Scotland in Edinburgh.

80 years ago
1930


Baseball
The Brooklyn Dodgers made 10 straight hits after 2 were out in the 6th inning on their way to a 19-6 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates.

Hack Wilson hit for the cycle and added another single, driving in 6 runs, as the Chicago Cubs whipped the Philadelphia Phillies 21-8 at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Winning pitcher Guy Bush had a triple and 2 singles.

The New York Yankees and St. Louis Browns split a doubleheader. Hank Johnson pitched a 4-hitter and Babe Ruth hit his 24th home run of the season as the Yankees won the opener 15-0; the Browns won the second game 10-6.

75 years ago
1935


Baseball
The Washington Nationals drew 11 bases on balls as they defeated the Detroit Tigers 12-7. Hank Greenberg hit a grand slam in the 9th inning for the Tigers.

Former Sing Sing inmate Alabama Pitts made his International League debut with the Albany Senators in a doubleheader against the Syracuse Chiefs. He made 2 hits and 2 spectacular catches in center field in the first game, and went hitless in the second game. Albany manager Johnny Evers said, "I tell you he's a sure shot for the big leagues."

70 years ago
1940


Baseball
56,659 were in attendance at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland to see the Indians and Boston Red Sox split a doubleheader. The Indians won the opener 4-1, aided by an inside-the-park home run when Boston outfielders Ted Williams and Doc Cramer collided going after the ball, and Mr. Williams was knocked unconscious. Jim Tabor hit 2 solo home runs in the second game to give the Red Sox a 2-0 win.

60 years ago
1950


Baseball
The New York Yankees hit 6 home runs and the Detroit Tigers hit 5 as the Tigers won 10-9 before 51,000 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Dizzy Trout, Jerry Priddy, Vic Wertz, and Hoot Evers all homered for the Tigers in the 4th inning. Mr. Trout’s home run, off Tommy Byrne, was his second career grand slam. Mr. Evers hit another home run--a 2-run inside-the-park blow--in the 9th inning to win the game. Hank Bauer hit 2 home runs for the Yankees, while Joe DiMaggio, Jerry Coleman, Yogi Berra, and Tommy Henrich (as a pinch hitter) also homered. It was the first time in major league history that 9 different players had hit home runs in the same game.

Luke Easter hit 2 home runs for the second straight game to lead the Cleveland Indians to a 13-4 win over the Washington Nationals.

Joe McCarthy, in his 24th season as a major league manager, resigned as manager of the Boston Red Sox and was replaced by Steve O’Neill. Mr. McCarthy managed the New York Yankees to World Series wins in 1932; 1936-1939; 1941; and 1943. His lifetime winning percentage of .615 stands as the major league career record. At the time of his resignation from the Red Sox, Boston had a record of 31-28 and were in fourth place in the American League. Mr. O’Neill had piloted the Detroit Tigers to a World Series win in 1945.

The University of Texas Longhorns won their second straight NCAA championship.

50 years ago
1960


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry Holden-Hernblad!

Brent Murphy. U.S. body builder and football player. Mr. Murphy, who played high school football only as a backup, became a boxer and body builder, winning the Mr. Golden World competition in 1983 and placing 6th in the Mr. USA competition. He tried out with the San Francisco 49ers in 1984, and was signed by the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League in 1985. Mr. Murphy played the first 6 games of the season as a defensive lineman, and recorded his first quarterback sack in game 5. He was improving as the season went along but tore up a knee in game 6 and was out for the rest of the season. Mr. Murphy didn’t report for training camp in 1986, and the Eskimos never heard from him. In late October his father contacted the Eskimos to let them know that his son had died on October 17 after he collapsed at a convenience store; he had seemed agitated and had caused a disturbance in the store. It turned out that Mr. Murphy was using cocaine, and had missed the Eskimos’ training camp because he was in hospital suffering from heart problems brought on by steroid use. On a local Edmonton television pre-season phone-in show in 1985, Mr. Murphy had warned against steroid use when a caller brought up the subject. I met Brent Murphy a couple of times and thought he was a nice guy--but obviously one with terrible judgement.

40 years ago
1970


Diplomacy
Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir rejected any proposal for a temporary cease-fire with Egypt.

Crime
U.S. Army charges against Brigadier General George Young and Major Robert McKnight were dropped for lack of evidence. Investigators had accused the two officers of helping to cover up reports of the 1968 My Lai massacre of civilians in South Vietnam.

30 years ago
1980

Died on this date
Sanjay Gandhi, 33
. Indian politician. The son and heir-apparent of Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had recently been elected leader of the Congress-I Party in the state of Uttar Pradesh. He was killed in the crash of a light plane in New Delhi.

War
Vietnamese troops in Cambodia crossed the border into Thailand and began two days of fighting with Thai troops. The attack occurred near the Thai village of Non Mak Mun in an area that served as a temporary home for 200,000 Cambodian refugees loosely controlled by anti-Communist Cambodian guerrillas. The Vietnamese attack, which penetrated at least a mile into Thailand, was reportedly made in order to halt the repatriation of Cambodian refugees, many of whom joined the fight against the Vietnamese army when they returned. Vietnamese troops were supported by tanks and artillery, while Thai forces used helicopter gunships and bombers.

World events
The meeting of the leaders of the seven largest non-Communist industrial countries concluded in Venice. The final declaration vowed that the participants would switch from oil to alternative fuels by 1990. "We must break the existing link between economic growth and consumption of oil and we mean to do so in this decade, " said the document. The leaders said that the supply of these alternatives to oil would be increased by the equivalent of 15 million-20 million barrels of oil per day by 1990.

25 years ago
1985

Terrorism

A bomb planted aboard an Air India jet flying from Toronto to London, England exploded off the coast of Ireland, killing all 329 people on board.

20 years ago
1990

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Step By Step--New Kids on the Block
2 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
3 Poison--Bell Biv DeVoe
4 U Can’t Touch This--M.C. Hammer
5 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
6 Ready Or Not--After 7
7 Vogue--Madonna
8 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
9 Hold On--En Vogue
10 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart

Politics and government
At the leadership convention of the Liberal Party of Canada in Calgary, Jean Chretien defeated Paul Martin, Jr. 2662 (57%)-1176 (25%) on the first ballot to become the new leader of the party. Sheila Copps was third with 11% of the vote. The vote took place one day after the collapse of the Meech Lake constitutional accord, and Mr. Chretien appealed to Quebeckers not to lose faith in the Canadian federation. Then, directing his remarks to Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Mr. Chretien said, "the Prime Minister must look himself in the mirror and ask if he has the moral authority to govern this country." After Mr. Chretien’s victory was announced, Quebec members of parliament Jean Lapierre and Gilles Rocheleau stormed out of the hall. They subsequently left the Liberal caucus to sit as independents because of Mr. Chretien’s lack of support for the Meech Lake accord.

Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, in a nationally-televised address, said that Canadian unity would prevail despite the collapse of the Meech Lake accord: "Canadians have always overcome challenges to our unity and we shall do so again." He urged Canadians to "mend the divisions and heal the wounds" caused by the failure of the accord. Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa announced that he was willing to consider all possible options for Quebec, and that Quebec would not participate in any future first ministers’ conferences.

Health
A report at the 6th International AIDS Conference in San Francisco stated that 30 possible vaccines were being tested around the world.

10 years ago
2000


Baseball
Bret Boone hit 3 home runs and drove in 6 runs as the San Diego Padres beat the Cincinnati Reds 10-7 in 10 innings.

Monday, 21 June 2010

June 22, 2010

140 years ago
1870

Americana

The United States Justice Department was created.

Baseball
George Wright scored the winning run as the Cincinnati Red Stockings defeated the Philadelphia Athletics 27-25 before a large crowd in Philadelphia.

110 years ago
1900

Baseball

The Brooklyn Superbas scored 7 runs in the top of the 11th inning to take a 20-13 lead over the Philadelphia Phillies at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. The Phillies attempted to let the Superbas prolong the inning, hoping that darkness would fall and the half-inning would be cancelled. Umpire Hank O’Day responded to the Phillies’ delaying tactics by stopping the game an awarding a forfeit to the Superbas.

100 years ago
1910

Religion

The Preparation of Missionaries was the theme of this day’s presentation to the World Missionary Conference in the Assembly Hall of United Free Church of Scotland in Edinburgh.

80 years ago
1930


Baseball
The New York Yankees gained revenge for the previous day’s sweep by sweeping a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Athletics 10-1 and 20-13 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Babe Ruth hit 2 home runs for the Yankees in the first game and 1 in the second, while his teammate Lou Gehrig hit 3 home runs in the second game.

70 years ago
1940


Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals scored 7 runs in the 6th inning to defeat the Boston Bees 8-2. The Bees made 8 errors, 3 in the 6th inning.

Harlond Clift hit a grand slam and Johnny Berardino hit 2 home runs, including a 3-run blast, but it wasn’t enough as the St. Louis Browns lost 11-10 to the Washington Nationals.

60 years ago
1950


Baseball
Larry Jansen and Dave Koslo pitched shutouts as the New York Giants swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 and 5-0.

50 years ago
1960


Space
The United States launched two satellites: Transit 2A, a navigational satellite; and Solar Radiation 1, whose purpose was to study solar ultraviolet and X-radiation.

40 years ago
1970


On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: This is His Cross and He Bears It

Politics and government
After a night of student riots and government confusion, Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra, 78, who had been President of Ecuador since 1968, assumed dictatorial power.

U.S. President Richard Nixon signed an extension of the 1965 Voting Rights Act that contained an amendment lowering the voting age to 18. After signing, Mr. Nixon instructed the Justice Department to test the constitutionality of the provision. If it survived the challenge, the bill would enfranchise 11 million young people and apply to all elections--federal, state, and local.

Edward Heath was sworn in as Prime Minister of Great Britain, four days after his Conservative party had won a majority in the general election.

War
American military sources in Saigon said that the program of spraying chemical defoliants and herbicides to strip jungle cover from enemy areas and destroy food supplies had been halted nearly two months earlier.

30 years ago
1980


World events
Leaders of the seven largest non-Communist industrial countries began a two-day conference in Venice. The main topics of discussion were dependence on oil imports and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The U.S.S.R. issued a statement that some Soviet troops would be withdrawn from Afghanistan. The western leaders responded in a joint statement, saying the withdrawal would have to be permanent and continued until Soviet troops were completely withdrawn.

Politics and government
10 days after the death of Prime Minister Masayoshi Ohira, Japan’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party won firm majorities in both houses of the Diet. The Liberal Democrats won 284 of 511 seats in the lower House of Representatives, and 135 of 252 seats in the upper House of Councilors.

Baseball
Claudell Washington hit his first 3 home runs in the National League to help the New York Mets end a 7-game losing streak with a 9-6 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers at Dodger Stadium.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (3-0) 41 @ Saskatchewan (0-3) 7
Calgary (2-1) 28 @ British Columbia (1-1-1) 29

25 years ago
1985


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Heaven--Bryan Adams
2 Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
3 Sussudio--Phil Collins
4 Suddenly--Billy Ocean
5 In My House--Mary Jane Girls
6 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
7 Things Can Only Get Better--Howard Jones
8 Angel--Madonna
9 Walking On Sunshine--Katrina and the Waves
10 Raspberry Beret--Prince and the Revolution

A View to a Kill was the title song of the last movie to feature Roger Moore in the role of James Bond.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals edged the Chicago Cubs 2-1 as Curt Ford, in his first major league at bat, came up as a pinch hitter and singled in the winning run. It was the Cubs’ 11th straight loss, and the Cardinals passed them to take over first place in the National League East Division.

20 years ago
1990


Politics and government
Canadian Intergovernmental Affairs Minister Lowell Murray announced that the federal government was prepared to extend the deadline for Manitoba to approve the Meech Lake constitutional accord, but only if Newfoundland approved the accord that day. Newfoundland Premier Clyde Wells reacted by indefinitely postponing a ratification vote, saying that Newfoundland would rather avoid a vote than submit to the federal government’s tactics. Mr. Wells told the Newfoundland House of Assembly, "That’s the final manipulation. We’re not prepared to be manipulated any longer." Mr. Murray then announced that Mr. Wells had "killed the last hope" for approval of the accord, and declared the deal dead.

Baseball
The Atlanta Braves, in last place in the National League West Division with a record of 25-40, fired Russ Nixon as manager and replaced him with former Toronto Blue Jays’ manager Bobby Cox.

10 years ago
2000

Died on this date
Gary Graham
. U.S. convicted murderer. Mr. Graham was executed in Texas despite protests from death penalty opponents that the only witness against Mr. Graham was unreliable. The U.S. Supreme Court had voted 5-4 to reject Mr. Graham’s final appeal hours before the execution.

Edmontonia
The annual convention of the Canadian Library Association began at the Shaw Conference Centre in Edmonton. This blogger attended the alumni reception.

Scandal
It was reported that Robert Conrad, Jr., head of the U.S. Justice Department’s Campaign Financing Task Force, had recommended the appointment of an outside prosecutor to investigate the activities of Vice-President Al Gore during the 1996 election cycle.

Baseball
The San Francisco Giants scored 8 runs in the 5th inning but still lost 11-10 to the St. Louis Cardinals.

June 21, 2010

120 years ago
1890

Baseball

Silver King of the Chicago Pirates pitched 8 innings of no-hit ball but gave up a run on an error, and the Pirates lost 1-0 to the Brooklyn Wonders at South Side Park in Chicago. The Pirates batted first, and the Wonders didn’t come to bat in the bottom of the 9th inning. It was the only no-hitter pitched in the Players League, and the only no-hitter in major league history pitched with the mound 51 feet 6 inches from home plate. In the other major leagues, the pitcher’s mound was then 50 feet from home plate; the distance is now 60 feet, 6 inches.

Harvard University defeated Yale University 4-3 before more than 10,000--the largest ever at a collegiate game--in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

100 years ago
1910


Religion
Co-Operation and the Promotion of Unity was the theme of this day’s presentation to the World Missionary Conference in the Assembly Hall of United Free Church of Scotland in Edinburgh.

80 years ago
1930

Baseball

The Philadelphia Athletics overcame a 6-0 deficit to defeat the New York Yankees 15-7 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia in the first game of a doubleheader, and completed the sweep with a 4-1 win. Babe Ruth hit 2 home runs off Athletics’ starting pitcher George Earnshaw in the first game, and another off Lefty Grove in the second game. His home run off Mr. Grove landed in a back yard a block away, and was said to be the longest ball ever hit out of Shibe Park.

70 years ago
1940


Baseball
Sid Hudson of the Washington Nationals came within 3 outs of a no-hitter, but gave up a bloop double to Rip Radcliff to begin the 9th inning. Mr. Hudson settled for a 1-hit 3-0 shutout win over the St. Louis Browns.

60 years ago
1950

Baseball

Joe DiMaggio singled off Chick Pieretti in the 7th inning for his 2,000th career major league hit as the New York Yankees, behind the pitching of Tommy Byrne, beat the Cleveland Indians 8-2.

50 years ago
1960


Television
At the Emmy Awards ceremony, Rod Serling was the winner for Outstanding Writing Achievement in Drama for his work on the first season of The Twilight Zone. It was his fourth Emmy. Other winners for the 1959-60 season included Laurence Olivier (The Moon and Sixpence); Ingrid Bergman (The Turn of the Screw--a dramatization that appeared on Ford Startime); and Robert Stack (The Untouchables).

Baseball
Ted Williams drove in 4 runs on 2 home runs and a single, but the Boston Red Sox lost 11-7 to the Kansas City Athletics.

Mickey Mantle batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs as the New York Yankees blanked the Detroit Tigers 6-0. Whitey Ford outduelled Frank Lary.

Steve Dalkowski struck out 19 batters as Reno beat the visiting Stockton Silver Sox 8-3 in a California League game.

40 years ago
1970


Died on this date
Sukarno, 69
. President of Indonesia, 1945-1967. After spending many years as Indonesia's best-known nationalist leader, Sukarno declared the country's independence from the Netherlands in August 1945, triggering a four-year guerrilla war from which he emerged triumphant. The high point of his reign was probably when he played host to the Afro-Asian Conference of emerging nations in Bandung in April 1955. Sukarno was toppled from power by the army, led by General Suharto, in March 1966 following an unsuccessful Communist coup and a military purge that resulted in the slaughter of 300,000 Indonesians.

World events
A Leningrad newspaper and dissident sources in Moscow told of the arrest of 12 people in Leningrad the previous week in what was called an attempt to hijack an airliner. The group had apparently booked passage to Petrozavodsk, on the Finnish border. It was also reported that eight Jews had been arrested in Leningrad.

Crime
Two days of coordinated raids by U.S. federal agents in 10 cities, including New York, Chicago, and Miami, concluded with more than 130 people, mostly Cuban refugees, arrested for allegedly being members of a narcotics ring. The U.S. Justice Department estimated that the ring controlled 75% of the cocaine and 30% of the heroin in the United States.

A court martial in Danang, South Vietnam sentenced U.S. Army Private Michael A. Schwartz to life imprisonment for premeditated murder in the fatal shooting of 12 Vietnamese civilians in Sonthang in February. In rejecting defense arguments that Pvt. Schwartz had acted under orders to fire at the victims in the belief that his five-man Marine patrol was under Viet Cong attack, the court held that the order should have been disobeyed because it was "patently unlawful."

Business
A U.S. federal judge in Philadelphia approved a reorganization bankruptcy petition for Penn Central Transportation Company, operator of Penn Central Railroad, the largest railroad system in the U.S.A. The action came two days after officials of the U.S. administration of President Richard Nixon had decided not to guarantee loans of up to $200 million to the company and the system.

Protest
Delegates to the annual convention of the American Medical Association in Chicago were forced into a closed meeting guarded by police after demonstrations by groups of Negroes, consumers, a and the poor, who said that doctors had failed "to be responsive to the health needs of the nation."

Disasters
Six liquid propane gas cars exploded in Crescent City, Illinois, wiping out 15 businesses, 25 houses, and damaging a church, a school, and 90 homes.

Soccer
Pele scored one goal and set up three others to lead Brazil to a 4-1 win over Italy in the World Cup final in Mexico City.

Auto racing
Jochen Rindt of Austria won the Dutch Grand Prix in Zandvoort; Jackie Stewart of Scotland finished second. It was Mr. Rindt’s second win of the year.

Baseball
The Cleveland Indians and Detroit Tigers split a doubleheader; the Indians won 2-1 and then the Tigers won 9-8 in 12 innings. Detroit’s Cesar Gutierrez tied a major league record in the second game by batting 7 for 7--6 singles and a triple.

30 years ago
1980

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Funkytown--Lipps, Inc. (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Funkytown--Lipps, Inc. (4th week at #1)
2 Coming Up--Paul McCartney & Wings
3 The Rose--Bette Midler
4 Cars--Gary Numan
5 Biggest Part of Me--Ambrosia
6 Little Jeannie--Elton John
7 Steal Away--Robbie Dupree
8 It’s Still Rock and Roll to Me--Billy Joel
9 Against the Wind--Bob Seger
10 Call Me--Blondie

25 years ago
1985


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (0-3) 13 @ Montreal (3-0) 32
Saskatchewan (2-1) 28 @ Calgary (2-1) 31
Winnipeg (1-2) 28 @ British Columbia (2-1) 18

Baseball
The Minnesota Twins, in last place in the American League West Division with a record of 27-35, fired manager Billy Gardner and replaced him with Baltimore Orioles’ pitching coach Ray Miller.

20 years ago
1990


Abominations
South African terrorist Nelson Mandela continued his visit to New York City as he was feted by rallies in Harlem and at Yankee Stadium.

Diplomacy
The Palestine Liberation Organization’s executive committee reacted against U.S. President’s decision to break off diplomatic dialogue with the PLO by complaining that the U.S. had not responded in a similar way to "Israeli crimes against Palestinians."

Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives voted 254-177 in favour of a constitutional amendment to ban desecration of the American flag, but this fell far short of the 2/3 required for the approval of an amendment.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the estimate of the growth of the gross national product, on an annual basis, for the first quarter of 1990 had been revised upward from 1.3% to 1.9%, the second-lowest growth rate reported in the last 30 months.

Disasters
An earthquake recorded as high as 7.7 on the Richter scale struck Iran, destroying or damaging more than 100 communities. Within six days an estimated 40,000 people had been killed and 60,000 injured.

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
Kanesatake Mohawks in Quebec signed a tentative agreement with the government of Canada to give them control over hundreds of hectares.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (0-0-1) 27 @ Hamilton (0-0-1) 27
Saskatchewan (0-1) 14 @ Calgary (1-0) 28
British Columbia (1-0) 26 @ Edmonton (0-1) 21 (overtime demonstration: B.C. 0 Edmonton 7)

Willie Pless started at middle linebacker for the Eskimos, made the tackle on the game’s first play from scrimmage, and then walked off the Commonwealth Stadium field for good a few plays later. He had signed with the Eskimos the previous day in order to end his career with the team for whom he had starred from 1991-1998 before being released and joining the Saskatchewan Roughriders in 1999. Jason Hutchins, a local player from the University of Alberta, started at safety for the Eskimos despite already having been cut from the team. Edmonton head coach Don Matthews wanted Mr. Hutchins to get a chance to play for the Eskimos in front of his family and friends.

Baseball
Eric Chavez became the first member of the Athletics to hit for the cycle at home since the team’s move to Oakland in 1968 as they defeated the Kansas City Royals 10-3 for their 8th straight win.

Sunday, 20 June 2010

June 20, 2010

Born on this date
Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Brian Wilson and Dale Hein!

125 years ago
1885

Baseball

Harvard University defeated Yale University 16-2 to finish the season with a record of 10-0, the first perfect season in intercollegiate history.

100 years ago
1910

Religion

Missions and Governments was the theme of this day’s presentation to the World Missionary Conference in the Assembly Hall of United Free Church of Scotland in Edinburgh.

70 years ago
1940

Boxing

World heavyweight champion Joe Louis (43-1) knocked down challenger Arturo Godoy (52-12-7) twice in the 8th round before referee Billy Cavanaugh stopped the fight 1:24 into the round, giving the "Brown Bomber" a technical knockout at Yankee Stadium in New York. It was the second victory for Mr. Louis over Mr. Godoy in just over two months.

60 years ago
1950


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight's episode: The Prize Ring Murder Case

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: I'm No Hero, starring Hume Cronyn, Mark Roberts, and Cara Williams

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Cathy’s Clown--The Everly Brothers (5th week at #1)

Boxing
Floyd Patterson became the first man to regain the world heavyweight title when he knocked out defending champion Ingemar Johansson with a vicious left hook at 1:51 of the 5th round before 31,892 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Johansson had taken the title from Mr. Patterson with a 3-round knockout on June 26, 1959. Video of the fight may be seen here.

40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Which Way You Goin, Billy?--The Poppy Family
3 Get Ready--Rare Earth
4 The Love You Save--The Jackson 5
5 The Letter--Joe Cocker
6 Hitchin’ a Ride--Vanity Fare
7 Lay Down (Candles in the Rain)--Melanie with the Edwin Hawkins Singers
8 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
9 Ride Captain Ride--Blues Image
10 Mama Told Me (Not to Come)--Three Dog Night

Calgary’s top 10
1 The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles
2 Up Around the Bend--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
4 Gimme Dat Ding--The Pipkins
5 Little Green Bag--George Baker Selection
6 Cecilia--Simon & Garfunkel
7 Daughter of Darkness--Tom Jones
8 I’m Gonna Capture You--Terry Jacks
9 My Baby Loves Lovin’--White Plains
10 Hey, Mister Sun--Bobby Sherman
Pick hit of the week: Mr. Pride--The Pepper Tree

War
U.S. casualties for the week in Vietnam numbered 70 dead.

U.S. Vice-President Spiro Agnew accused eight prominent antiwar spokesmen of prescribing surrender in Vietnam.

Politics and government
Edward Heath, whose Conservative party had posted an upset victory in the British general election two days earlier, designated his cabinet, which included men who had served in previous Conservative administrations. Former Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home resumed his old post of Foreign Secretary; Conservative Deputy Leader Reginald Maudling, former Chancellor of the Exchequer, became Home Secretary (and was frequently mentioned in Monty Python’s Flying Circus); Ian MacLeod became Chancellor of the Exchequer, the position he had held in the Conservative shadow cabinet. Anthony Barber, as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, was put in charge of European Common Market entry talks.

Baseball
Brooks Robinson’s 2000th career major league hit was a 3-run home run off Joe Coleman in the 5th inning, breaking a 2-2 tie and allowing the Baltimore Orioles to defeat the Washington Senators 5-4.

30 years ago
1980


Crime
Leonard Smith, who had killed California Angels’ outfielder Lyman Bostock with a shotgun blast on September 23, 1978 but was acquitted on the ground of insanity, was released from Logansport State Hospital and allowed to return to his home in Gary, Indiana after he was judged to no longer be mentally ill.

Baseball
Fred Patek hit 3 home runs and a double to lead the California Angels to a 20-2 rout of the Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park in Boston.

25 years ago
1985


Hit parade
Canada's top 17
1 Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
2 Angel--Madona
3 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
4 Would I Lie to You?--Eurythmics
5 Raspberry Beret--Prince and the Revolution
6 Black Cars--Gino Vannelli
7 In My House--Mary Jane Girls
8 Axel F--Harold Faltermeyer
9 The Search is Over--Survivor
10 Things Can Only Get Better--Howard Jones
11 Walking on Sunshine--Katrina and the Waves
12 Sussudio--Phil Collins
13 The Goonies 'R Good Enough--Cyndi Lauper
14 If You Love Somebody Set Them Free--Sting
15 Never Surrender--Corey Hart
16 Strange Animal--Gowan
17 Tough All Over--John Cafferty and the Beaver Brown Band

Baseball
Reggie Jackson’s 513th career major league home run led the California Angels to a 4-0 win over the Cleveland Indians and moved him past Eddie Mathews and Ernie Banks into 10th place on the career list.

20 years ago
1990


World events
Recently-released South African terrorist Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie arrived in New York to begin a tour of the United States, and were given a ticker-tape parade up Broadway to City Hall, where a big rally was held.

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush announced that he was breaking off the diplomatic dialogue with the Palestine Liberation Organization that had begun in December 1988 after PLO leader Yasser Arafat had renounced terrorism. However, Mr. Arafat and the PLO had failed to condemn an unsuccessful speedboat raid on Israel on May 30 that had apparently been the work of a radical PLO faction. The PLO executive committee complained about Mr. Bush’s decision, while Israel hailed it.

Economics and finance
British Chancellor of the Exchequer John Major proposed a new European currency which would circulate alongside existing national currencies.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney said that Manitoba had an "obligation to Canada" to approve the Meech Lake constitutional accord, and demanded that Manitoba Premier Gary Filmon and provincial opposition leaders "ensure that that be done." In other words, Mr. Mulroney threatened to hold his breath until he turned blue unless he got his way.

Health
At the 6th International AIDS Conference in San Francisco, Luc Montagnier of France, co-discoverer of the AIDS virus, said he believed that a second microbe was also responsible, and that patients would not become ill until they had become infected with it as well. It was reported that AIDS was continuing to spread in the United States, especially among teenagers, women whose sexual partners used intravenous drugs, and users of crack cocaine.

10 years ago
2000


Abominations
160 Christians were massacred by Muslims in eastern Indonesia.

Football
CFL
The Edmonton Eskimos signed linebacker Willie Pless, who had starred with them from 1991-1998 before being released and joining the Saskatchewan Roughriders in 1999.

Baseball
The Detroit Tigers hit a club-record 8 home runs as they defeated the Toronto Blue Jays 18-6. Tony Clark hit 2 home runs and drove in 4 runs for Detroit. Jeff Weaver gave up 6 runs in 6 innings but still ended up as the winning pitcher. Chris Carpenter gave up 9 runs in 2 innings in taking the loss. The Blue Jays hit 2 home runs of their own.

Friday, 18 June 2010

June 19, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Michael Martin!

125 years ago
1885


Americana
The Statue of Liberty arrived at its permanent home at Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor aboard the French frigate Isere.

120 years ago
1890

Baseball

In Players League games, the Chicago Pirates beat the Cleveland Infants 20-9 in Chicago; the New York Giants beat the Philadelphia Quakers 12-2 at Brotherhood Park in New York; and the Pittsburgh Burghers routed the Buffalo Bisons 19-6 at Exposition Park in Pittsburgh.

The Philadelphia Athletics routed the Syracuse Stars 20-2 in an American Association game at Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia.

110 years ago
1900

Baseball

The Chicago Colts edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 1-0 in 14 innings as Clark Griffith outduelled Rube Waddell. Mr. Waddell recorded 12 strikeouts, but Mr. Griffith doubled in the only run in the bottom of the 14th inning.

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Cathy’s Clown--The Everly Brothers (9th week at #1)

Baseball
Hoyt Wilhelm and Milt Pappas pitched shutouts as the Baltimore Orioles swept a doubleheader from the Detroit Tigers 2-0 and 1-0 at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. In the first game, Mr. Wilhelm gave up just 2 hits, while Jim Gentile and Ron Hansen hit solo home runs to account for the scoring. Mr. Pappas gave up just 3 hits in the second game. Jim Bunning and Don Mossi were the respective losing pitchers.

40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

Edmonton’s top 10
1 The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles
2 Gimme Dat Ding--The Pipkins
3 My Baby Loves Lovin’--White Plains
4 Up Around the Bend--Creedence Clearwater Revival
5 Soolaimon--Neil Diamond
6 Mississippi--John Phillips
7 Daughter of Darkness--Tom Jones
8 A Song of Joy--Miguel Rios
9 Lay Down (Candles in the Rain)--Melanie with the Edwin Hawkins Singers
10 Mama Told Me (Not to Come)--Three Dog Night

A Song of Joy was an English-language version of Ode to Joy from the fourth movement of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony.

Space
Soyuz 9, with cosmonauts Andrian Nikolayev and Vitaly Sevastyanov aboard, landed in Soviet Kazakhstan after setting a space endurance record of 17 days, 16 hours, and 59 minutes. The previous record of 13 days, 18 hours, 35 minutes was set by the U.S. Gemini 7 crew of Frank Borman and Jim Lovell from December 4-18, 1965.

Politics and government
Edward Heath became Prime Minister of Great Britain the day after his Conservative party scored an upset win over Harold Wilson’s Labour party.

Defense
The United States Air Force announced that the first multiple warheads (MIRV) had been deployed on some intercontinental missiles at Minot Air Force Base in North Dakota.

Baseball
The Baltimore Orioles swept a doubleheader from the Washington Senators 12-10 and 3-2 in 13 innings. Boog Powell had 4 hits and 4 runs batted in for the Orioles in the first game, while Mike Epstein had 2 home runs--including a grand slam--and a single and drove in 8 runs for the Senators. Jim Hardin pitched the first 10 innings of the second game for the Orioles, and Pete Richert got the win in 3 innings of relief.

30 years ago
1980

World events

Iraqi security forces shot and killed three gunmen who attacked the British embassy in Baghdad. The attack came on the eve of Iraq’s first national assembly elections in 20 years. Iraqi officials said the attack on the British embassy was an attempt to disrupt the vote.

Energy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed an executive order allowing the sale of 38 tons of enriched uranium to India.

Science
Paleobiologist J. William Schopf of the University of California at Los Angeles announced that an international team of scientists that he had headed had discovered fossils in northwestern Australia that contained the oldest biological cells ever found on Earth. The cells, of five different types, and almost identical in structure to several modern bacteria, were 3.5 billion years old, about 1.2 billion years older than previous finds, and ¾ the age of the Earth. Scientists believed that as living cells they once formed matlike sheets on the floors of lagoons and saline lakes. According to Dr. Schopf, the discovery "says that the origin of life occurred quite a lot earlier than we had expected, and that evolution had proceeded to an advanced level in the first billion years of the history of the planet."

25 years ago
1985


Baseball
Baseball Commissioner Peter Ueberroth announced that starting in August minor league players would be subject to mandatory testing for cocaine‚ amphetamines‚ marijuana‚ heroin‚ and morphine. Major league officials would be subject to the same program, but not major league players. Mr. Ueberroth hoped they would voluntarily comply.

20 years ago
1990


World events
Recently-released South African terrorist and activist Nelson Mandela addressed the Canadian parliament in Ottawa, and met with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

Protest
Protesters, mainly sodomites organized by the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT-UP), demonstrated outside the 6th annual International AIDS Conference in San Francisco on the eve of the conference’s opening. The protesters were primarily concerned about the slow pace of testing anti-AIDS drugs and by the shortage of money for research and treatment. Of course, the sodomites weren’t interested in slowing the spread of the disease by curbing their ungodly behaviour.

10 years ago
2000


Diplomacy
The United States lifted some economic sanctions against North Korea.

Disasters
58 Chinese immigrants were found dead in the unrefrigerated, sealed compartment of a tomato truck when it was examined in Dover, England.

Basketball
NBA Finals
Indiana 111 @ Los Angeles Lakers 116 (Los Angeles won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Shaquille O’Neal of the Lakers was voted the Most Valuable Player in the finals as the Lakers won their first National Basketball Association title in 12 years and their first under head coach Phil Jackson, who had coached the Chicago Bulls to 6 titles in the 1990s.

Baseball
The New York Yankees scored 9 runs in the 8th inning and 8 more in the 9th as they whipped the Boston Red Sox 22-1 at Fenway Park in Boston.