Sunday, 30 April 2017

April 30, 2017

1,375 years ago
642


Politics and government
Visigothic nobles elected, and bishops anointed, Chindasuinth as King of Hispania.

525 years ago
1492


Exploration
Spain gave Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.

125 years ago
1892


Academia
St. Anne's College in Church Point, Nova Scotia was given a university charter.

120 years ago
1897


Science
J. J. Thomson of the Cavendish Laboratory delivered a lecture to the Royal Institution in London where he announced his discovery of the electron as a subatomic particle, over 1,800 times smaller than a proton.

110 years ago
1907


Americana
Honolulu became an independent city.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Bea Wain!
The U.S. singer, born Beatrice Weinsier, sang with Larry Clinton's band in the late 1930s before embarking on a solo career, with hits such as Cry, Baby Cry; Deep Purple; Heart and Soul; and My Reverie.

90 years ago
1927


Americana
The Federal Industrial Institute for Women opened in Alderson, West Virginia, as the first federal prison for women in the United States.

Popular culture
Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford became the first celebrities to leave their footprints in concrete at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood.

80 years ago
1937


Abominations
The Commonwealth of the Philippines held a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% voted in the affirmative.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): In the Mood--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra; Joe Loss and his Orchestra (4th month at #1)

War
Japanese troops captured the Burma Road terminus of Lashio and the railroad town of Hsipaw.

Diplomacy
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and Itaian Duce Benito Mussolini, meeting for the seventh time, concluded two days of conferences at Castle Fuschl near Salzburg, Austria.

Politics and government
C.J. Rajagopalanchari, leader of the Madras sector of the All-India Congress Party, resigned from the party's working committee in a dispute over recognition of Muslim separatist claims.

Chess
Isaac Kashdan and U.S. champion Samuel Reshevsy tied for first place in the U.S. Chess Federation Championship match in New York.

Disasters
Four tornadoes in as many days killed 89 people in Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, and Colorado.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): To Each His Own--The Ink Spots; Freddy Martin and his Orchestra

Literature
The western novel The Big Sky by A.B. Guthrie was published by William Sloane Associates.

Abominations
Hans Biebow, chief of Nazi administration of the Łódź Ghetto in occupied Poland during World War II, was convicted in Łódź of crimes against humanity.

Crime
Colonel Jack Durant was convicted by a U.S. Army court martial in Frankfurt, Germany of the theft of the $1.5-million Hesse family jewels; he was sentenced to 15 years in prison and dismissal from the Army.

Politics and government
A group of Democrats from Georgia, headed by Governor Melvin Thompson, set up an orgainizaing committee opposed to former Governor Herman Talmadge, promising to support U.S. President Harry Truman as the party's presidential candidate in 1948.

Science
University of Pennsylvania Vice President Alfred Ricards was elected President of the National Academy of Sciences.

Academia
Harvard University's Faculty of Arts and Sciences voted to make the university co-educational by admitting female students from Radcliffe College.

Economics and finance
The Bank of England issued the first annual report in its 235-year history, revealing that deposits had grown by $364 million since nationalization in 1946.

The Argentine Congress voted to give President Juan Peron summary powers to reduce living costs by decree.

U.S.S.R. Ambassador to the United States Nikolai Novikov and U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Willard Thorp began negotiations in Washington for settlement of the Soviet Union's $11-billion Lend-Lease account.

Labour
The United Steel Workers of America signed contracts with Bethlehem, Republic, and Crucible Steel, and Colorado Fuel and Iron Company containing the U.S. Steel settlement of a 12 1/2c hourly wage increase plus increased fringe benefits.

Energy
The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission offered heavy water for research purposes at $15 per ounce.

60 years ago
1957


Politics and government
The Singaporean Legislative Assembly approved a British agreement to grant the colony self-government under a constitution, but rejected a provision that subversives be banned from taking part in the state's first election.

Argentine President Pedro Aramburu ordered the release--under a May Day amnesty--of 200 civil service workers who had been jailed for striking.

Law
The Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, signed in Geneva on September 7, 1956, went into force.

Society
1,040 refugees, the last of 190,327 to come to the United States under the Refugee Relief Act of 1953, arrived in New York.

Religion
Southern Presbyterian delegates to the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church U.S.A. passed a report upholding racial segregation in public schools.

Health
California Institute of Technology chemist Linus Pauling said that 10,000 people were dying or had died of leukemia throughout the world as a result of nuclear weapons tests. He warned that planned British tests would result in 1,000 additional cases of leukemia.

50 years ago
1967


Baseball
Steve Barber pitched a no-hitter for 8 2/3 innings, but three bases on balls, a wild pitch and an error allowed the Detroit Tigers to score 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning and edge the Orioles 2-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 26,884 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Detroit starting pitcher Earl Wilson allowed only 2 hits in 8 innings, and the Orioles scored their only run in the bottom of the 8th on 3 bases on balls, a sacrifice bunt, and a sacrifice fly. Mr. Barber began the 9th inning by walking Norm Cash and Ray Oyler. Mr. Wilson's sacrifice bunt advanced pinch runner Dick Tracewski to third base and Mr. Oyler to second, at which point Jake Wood ran for Mr. Oyler. Willie Horton popped up for the second out, but Mr. Barber then threw a wild pitch, scoring Mr. Tracewski and sending Mr. Wood to third. Mickey Stanley walked, and Stu Miller relieved Mr. Barber. Don Wert then grounded to shortstop Luis Aparicio, who threw to second baseman Mark Belanger for what should have been the third out. However, Mr. Belanger dropped the ball, allowing Mr. Wood to score. Fred Gladding took the mound for Detroit in the bottom of the 9th and retired the Orioles in order to end the game, with the Tigers still hitless. The Tigers scored all their runs in the 5th inning to win the second game 6-4 to complete the sweep.

Danny Cater's home run leading off the 2nd inning was the only run as the Kansas City Athletics edged the Boston Red Sox 1-0 before 31,450 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Jim Nash pitched a 5-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Darrell Brandon, who allowed 5 hits in 8 innings.

Mickey Mantle hit a 3-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the New York Yankees a 4-1 win over the California Angels in the first game of a doubleheader before 47,980 fans at Yankee Stadium. Whitey Ford, in one of his last games, allowed 8 hits and 1 unearned run in 7 innings on the mound for New York. The Angels won the second game 4-2. Lu Clinton drew an intentional walk as a pinch hitter for the Yankees in the first game, and played the 9th inning in left field in the second game, which was the 691st and last game of his 8-year major league career.

Cesar Tovar's single with 2 out in the top of the 6th inning was the only hit off Barry Moore as he pitched a shutout, allowing just 2 bases on balls as the Washington Senators blanked the Minnesota Twins 3-0 to complete a sweep of their doubleheader before 18,555 fans at District of Columbia Stadium. The Senators scored 5 runs in the 5th inning as they won the first game 7-3, with Camilo Pascual getting his first win of the season. Dwight Siebler pitched the last 2 innings of the first game for Minnesota, allowing 3 hits, a base on balls, and an earned run in the 48th and last game of his 5-year major league career.

Leon Wagner's solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning gave the Cleveland Indians a 2-0 lead as they held on to defeat the Chicago White Sox 2-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 9,336 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Tom McCraw homered to lead off the bottom of the 9th, but the next three batters were retired in order by Gary Bell, who pitched a 7-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Bruce Howard. Tommie Agee drove in 2 runs and Hoyt Wilhelm pitched 4 innings of scoreless relief as the White Sox won the second game 4-2.

Pinch hitter Gary Sutherland doubled home 2 runs as the Philadelphia Phillies rallied for 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Atlanta Braves 6-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 27,644 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Philadelphia starting pitcher Jim Bunning, who opened the scoring with a solo home run in the 5th inning, allowed the Braves to score all their runs in the 6th inning on homers by Felipe Alou, Joe Torre, and Rico Carty. Mr. Alou homered and doubled in the second game and Hank Aaron also homered to help the Braves win 6-3. Former Braves' pitcher Bob Buhl entered the game for the Phillies in relief of starter Rick Wise with 1 out in the 5th inning and allowed a single and a base on balls before getting the final out. Mr. Buhl then surrendered consecutive home runs to Messrs. Alou and Aaron to begin the 6th inning, at which point he was relieved by Ruben Gomez. It was the 457th and last game of Mr. Buhl's 15-year major league career.

Ron Swoboda's home run leading off the 2nd inning was the winning run as the New York Mets defeated the Cincinnati Reds 2-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 14,360 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Don Cardwell pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Billy McCool, who allowed just 2 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings. Gary Nolan pitched an 8-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Tom Seaver, who allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in 6 innings, as the Reds won the second game 3-2.

Juan Pizarro pitched a 4-hitter and struck out 8 batters as the Pittsburgh Pirates blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 2-0 before 20,017 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Pittsburgh catcher Jerry May singled home Bill Mazeroski with the game's first run in the 2nd inning, and hit a home run to lead off the 5th.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tu mi rubi l'anima--Collage (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Swiss Lady--Pepe Lienhard Band (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): My Broken Souvenirs--Pussycat

#1 single in Ireland: Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Southern Nights--Glen Campbell

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
2 Hotel California--Eagles
3 I've Got Love on My Mind--Natalie Cole
4 When I Need You--Leo Sayer
5 So In to You--Atlanta Rhythm Section
6 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
7 Lido Shuffle--Boz Scaggs
8 Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul
9 Tryin' to Love Two--William Bell
10 I'm Your Boogie Man--K.C. and the Sunshine Band

Singles entering the chart were Jet Airliner by the Steve Miller Band (#58); Going in with My Eyes Open by David Soul (#86); You're My World by Helen Reddy (#87); Hollywood by Rufus featuring Chaka Khan (#89); Hold Back the Night by Graham Parker and the Rumour (#95); and My Wheels Won't Turn by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Hotel California--Eagles
2 Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul
3 So In to You--Atlanta Rhythm Section
4 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
5 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
6 I've Got Love on My Mind--Natalie Cole
7 When I Need You--Leo Sayer
8 The Things We Do for Love--10 C.C.
9 Lido Shuffle--Boz Scaggs
10 Dancing Queen--ABBA

Singles entering the chart were It Always Happens this Way by Toulouse (#87); My Wheels Won't Turn by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#88); Arrested for Driving While Blind by ZZ Top (#95); Hooked on You by Bread (#96); Everybody Be Dancin' by Starbuck (#97); and Whatcha Gonna Do? by Pablo Cruise (#98).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Montreal 4 @ New York Islanders 0 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Steve Shutt's goal just 1:04 into the game was the winner as the Canadiens blanked the Islanders at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale, with Ken Dryden posting his second shutout of the series.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Quebec 0 @ Indianapolis 2 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Houston 3 @ Winnipeg 4 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 2-1)

30 years ago
1987


On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Speaking Out: Spring 1963

Music
This blogger attended an enjoyable concert by the Beach Boys at Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton, with the Terry Crawford Band as opening act. I paid $20.50 for my ticket.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the 10 provincial premiers agreed on a constitutional draft called the Meech Lake Accord, to enable Québec to join the constitutional fold by meeting its five conditions, including recognizing Québec as a distinct society. The accord received unanimous agreement on June 2 and June 3 in Ottawa, but needed to be ratified by Parliament and all provincial legislatures by June 23, 1990 to become law.

Economics and finance
The United States House of Representatives passed a bill requiring the president to retaliate against countries that did not open their markets to U.S. products.

The U.S.A. announced that the U.S.S.R. had agreed to buy four million metric tons of subsidized wheat, valued at $375 million, in the largest sale ever of subsidized wheat to one country.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Montreal 2 @ Quebec 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Philadelphia 2 @ New York Islanders 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Deeply Dippy--Right Said Fred

Abominations
The riots in Los Angeles that had begun the previous day after four white policemen had been acquitted of beating Negro criminal Rodney King spread from the city’s South-Central area to the Koreatown area. Other riots were reported in San Francisco, Atlanta, Seattle, and Miami. Two people were killed in Las Vegas, while 1,100 were arrested in San Francisco.

Economics and finance
Bankruptcies in Canada in March 1992 totalled a record 7,057.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Minnesota 2 @ Detroit 5 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Winnipeg 0 @ Vancouver 5 (Vancouver won best-of-seven series 4-3)

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Blood on the Dance Floor--Michael Jackson

10 years ago
2007


Canadiana
Prince Andrew arrived in Halifax to begin a royal visit; he also visited Toronto and Cambridge, Ontario.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Semi-Finals
New Jersey 0 @ Ottawa 2 (Ottawa led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Detroit 1 @ San Jose 2 (San Jose led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Saturday, 29 April 2017

April 29, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Irina Zabelina!

600 years ago
1417


Died on this date
Louis II, 39
. King of Naples, 1389-1399. Louis II took the throne after his predecessor, Ladislaus, was overthrown and expelled from Naples. King Louis II ruled until Ladislaus returned and overthrew him.

225 years ago
1792


Born on this date
Matthew Vassar
. U.S. brewer and philanthropist. Mr. Vassar, a native of Norfolk, England, donated the money and land to build Vassar Female College in Poughkeepsie, New York, which opened in 1861. He died on June 23, 1868 at the age of 76.

200 years ago
1817


Defense
Richard Rush for the United States and Charles Bagot for the United Kingdom signed the Rush-Bagot Agreement, limiting the number of warships the two countries could maintain on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain - "on Lake Ontario one vessel not exceeding one hundred tons burden, and armed with an eighteen pound cannon. On the Upper Lakes two vessels not exceeding the like burden each, and armed with like force, and on the waters of Lake Champlain one vessel not exceeding like burden and armed with like force."

175 years ago
1842


Born on this date
Carl Millöcker
. Austrian composer. Mr. Millöcker was best known for composing the music for the operetta Der Bettelstudent (The Beggar Student) (1882). He died on December 31, 1899 at the age of 57.

150 years ago
1867


World events
Dictatorial methods employed by Colombian President Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera led to a coup d'etat by opposition politicians. Mr. Mosquera was subsequently exiled for three years.

125 years ago
1892


Disasters
A hurricane struck Mauritius, killing 1,000 people.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Celeste Holm
. U.S. actress. Miss Holm won an Academy Award for her supporting performance in Gentleman's Agreement (1947), and was nominated for Oscars for her supporting performances in Come to the Stable (1949) and All About Eve (1950). She died on July 15, 2012 at the age of 95.

80 years ago
1937


Died on this date
William Gillette, 83
. U.S. actor. Mr. Gillette was best known for writing the play Sherlock Holmes and playing the title role on stage more than 1,300 times from 1899-1932. He also played the master detective in a 1916 film, and was the first actor to portray Mr. Holmes on radio, in 1930.

75 years ago
1942


War
U.K. Royal Air Force bombers carried out heavy attacks on Kiel, Germany and Trondheim, Norway. An Axis air raid on Alexandria, Egypt killed 102 and injured 111.

Diplomacy
While maintaining relations with the Vichy French regime, Cuba announced its recognition of Free French control over Tahiti, New Hebrides, New Caledonia, Equatorial Africa, and Cameroons.

Labour
U.S. National War Labor Board Chairman William Davis announced that American Federation of Labor President William Green and Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray had agreed on a formula for settling jurisdictional disputes during wartime.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Irving Fisher, 80
. U.S. economist. Dr. Fisher was one of America's earliest neoclassical economists--focusing on the determination of goods, outputs, and income distributions in markets through supply and demand. His books included The Nature of Capital and Income (1906); The Rate of Interest (1907); and The Theory of Interest (1930). Several days before the stock market crash in 1929, Dr. Fisher said that stock prices had "reached what looks like a permanently high plateau"--a prediction of such overwhelming inaccuracy that it caused Dr. Fisher's reputation to crash.

Diplomacy
Arab delegates to the United Nations General Assembly special session on Palestine demanded an immediate debate, opposing a British proposal for the creation of a special UN commission to study the problem. The Jewish Agency for Palestine protested the lack of Jewish representation at the session.

Mexican President Miguael Aleman arrived in Washington for a nine-day visit.

Society
The Indian National Assembly abolished untouchability,making its observance a criminal offense.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister Douglas Abbott presented his budget for the 1947-48 fiscal year, recommending an average income tax cut of 29% and estimating a $190-million surplus from total revenues of $2.45 billion.

Disasters
A tornado destroyed the town of Worth, Missouri, killing 14 people.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1; Top 100--2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
13 members of the Western European Union Council signed an agreement in Strasbourg to settle all disputes among them by conciliation or referral to the World Court.

Honduras recalled her Ambassador to Nicaragua and protested to the Organization of American States Nicaragua's invasion of Gracia a Dios.

U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower named Llewellyn Thompson, Jr. as U.S. Ambassador to the U.S.S.R.

The U.S.S.R. Foreign Ministry charged that the dispatch of the U.S. Navy 6th Fleet to the eastern Mediterranean Sea was "an open military demonstration against the countries of the Arab East."

Defense
The Japanese government appealed for the cessation of all further nuclear weapons tests.

Politics and government
U.S. President Eisenhower submitted to Congress a reorganization plan, proposing final abolition of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation.

Economics and finance
Jordan's King Hussein accepted a U.S. aid grant of $10 million.

Energy
The U.S. Interior Department awarded a $108-million contract to Merritt-Chapman & Scott Corporation of New York fo construction of the Glen Canyon Dam, the first major unit of the Upper Colorado River Project.

Disasters
U.S. President Eisenhower declared flood-stricken parts of Texas a major disaster area eligible for federal aid.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Hey Joe--Johnny Hallyday (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un mondo d'amore--Gianni Morandi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Let's Spend the Night Together--The Rolling Stones (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)
2 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
3 I Think We're Alone Now--Tommy James and the Shondells
4 Happy Together--The Turtles
5 The Happening--The Supremes
6 Jimmy Mack--Martha and the Vandellas
7 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
8 This is My Song--Petula Clark
9 Western Union--The Five Americans
10 Don't You Care--The Buckinghams

Singles entering the chart were Respect by Aretha Franklin (#56); Creeque Alley by the Mamas and the Papas (#59); Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be? by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#63); All I Need by the Temptations (#64); Too Many Fish in the Sea & Three Little Fishes by Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels (#65); When You're Young and in Love by the Marvelettes (#71); Six O'Clock by the Lovin' Spoonful (#77); Mirage by Tommy James and the Shondells (#79); Another Day, Another Heartache by the 5th Dimension (#83); A Beautiful Story by Sonny and Cher (#84); I Got What You Need by Kim Weston (#87); Together by the Intruders (#93); Daddy's Home by Chuck Jackson and Maxine Brown (#94); You're All I Need by Bobby Bland (#95); Got to Have You Back by the Isley Brothers (#99); The Oogum Boogum Song by Brenton Wood (#100); and When Love Slips Away by Dee Dee Warwick (also #100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Canada--The Young Canada Singers (2nd week at #1)
2 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
3 Western Union--The Five Americans
4 I'm a Man--The Spencer Davis Group
5 I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)--Aretha Franklin
6 Jimmy Mack--Martha and the Vandellas
7 A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You--The Monkees
8 Don't You Care--The Buckinghams
9 Happy Jack--The Who
10 Half Past Midnight--The Staccatos

Singles entering the chart were Barefootin' by Larry Lee (#73); Somebody Help Me by the Modbeats (#76); Groovin' by the Young Rascals (#92); Shotgun by Wes Dakus (#93); My Babe by Ronnie Dove (#94); Just Look What You've Done by Brenda Holloway (#95); The Flower Children by Marcia Strassman (#96); I'll Make Him Love Me by Barbara Lewis (#97); When You're Young and in Love by the Marvelettes (#98); Let's Run Away by Magic Cycle (#99); and You're All I Need by Bobby Bland (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 You Got What it Takes--The Dave Clark Five
2 Happy Jack--The Who
3 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
4 Blue's Theme--The Arrows
5 On a Carousel--The Hollies
6 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
7 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
8 The Happening--The Supremes
9 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
10 The Love I Saw in You was Just a Mirage--Smokey Robinson and the Miracles

Singles entering the chart were Six O'Clock by the Lovin' Spoonful (#33); Sunshine Girl by the Parade (#41); My Babe by Ronnie Dove (#43); Making Memories by Frankie Laine (#44); A Beautiful Story by Sonny and Cher (#46); There is Love by Jim "Harpo" Valley (#47); Groovin' by the Young Rascals (#48); Rainy Day by the Canterbury Tales (#49); and Cloudy by the Liverpool Five.

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Blue's Theme--The Arrows
2 The Happening--The Supremes
3 Yellow Balloon--The Yellow Balloon
4 Can't Seem to Make You Mine--The Seeds
5 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
6 My Back Pages--The Byrds
7 At the Zoo--Simon and Garfunkel
8 Sunshine Girl--The Parade
9 Out of Left Field--Percy Sledge
10 Live--The Merry-Go-Round

Singles entering the chart were Six O'Clock by the Lovin' Spoonful (#22); Sweet Soul Music by Arthur Conley (#26); Creeque Alley by the Mamas and the Papas (#27); 100 or Two by the Springfield Rifles (#28); When You're Young and in Love by the Marvelettes (#29); and Round Round by Jonathan King (#30).

At the movies
Eight on the Lam, starring Bob Hope and Phyllis Diller, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
J.B. Lenoir, 38
. U.S. musician. Mr. Lenoir was a blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter who was active in Chicago in the 1950s and '60s. His most successful recording was Mamma Talk to Your Daughter (1954), which reached #11 on the Billboard Rhythm and Blues singles chart. Mr. Lenoir died of internal bleeding several weeks after being injured in a car accident and not receiving proper treatment.

Music
Numerous artists performed at the 14 Hour Technicolor Dream, a festival in the Great Hall of the Alexandra Palace in London.

Boxing
The day after refusing induction into the United States Army, Muhammad Ali was stripped of his world heavyweight title.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 4 @ Montreal 1 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Terry Sawchuk played brilliantly in goal for the Maple Leafs as they beat the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum. Al Smith dressed as the backup goalie for Toronto, replacing the injured Johnny Bower.



40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Shenandoah--Jan Lindblad (10th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Porque te Vas--Jeanette

#1 single in France: Sunny--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Spanish Prime Minister Adolfo Suarez Gonzalez was in Washington for talks with U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the Voice--John Farnham (4th week at #1)

Hockey
World championships
Canada 0 U.S.S.R. 0

NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Toronto 0 @ Detroit 3 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): To Be with You--Mr. Big (5th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Wedding

Died on this date
Mae Clarke, 84
. U.S. actress. Miss Clarke, born Violet Mary Klotz, was a popular leading lady in the 1930s, appearing in such movies as Frankenstein (1931); The Front Page (1931); The Public Enemy (1931); and Waterloo Bridge (1931).

Protest
A Simi Valley, California jury that included no Negroes acquitted four Los Angeles police officers on all but one charge arising from the March 1991 beating of Rodney King. The verdict prompted immediate riots by Negroes in Los Angeles, particularly in the predominantly Negro and Hispanic South-Central area. A white truck driver named Reginald Denny was dragged from his truck and severely beaten by a mob of Negroes before being rescued by other Negroes. See also here and here.

700 inmates at Montreal’s Bordeaux prison rioted for more than eight hours; officials blamed overcrowding for the incident.

Education
The Economic Council of Canada filed its final report before being disbanded, and called for substantial improvements in Canada’s education system, claiming that it sent functionally-illiterate young people into the workforce.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 1 @ Hartford 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Boston 3 @ Buffalo 9 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
New York Rangers 3 @ New Jersey 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Washington 4 @ Pittsburgh 6 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Mike Royko, 64
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Royko was a columnist with the Chicago Daily News, Chicago Sun-Times, and Chicago Tribune in a career spanning more than 40 years. He was awarded the 1972 Pulitzer Prize for commentary. Mr. Royko died of a brain aneurysm.

Defense
The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 entered into force, outlawing the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons by its signatories.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Ottawa 2 @ Buffalo 3 (OT) (Buffalo won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Edmonton 4 @ Dallas 3 (OT) (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Phoenix 0 @ Anaheim 3 (Anaheim won best-of-seven series 4-3)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Ivica Račan, 63
. Prime Minister of Croatia, 2000-2003. Mr. Račan was President of the League of Communists of Croatia from 1989-1990, and was the first President of the Social Democratic Party from 1990 until April 11, 2007, when he resigned because he had terminal cancer. As Prime Minister of two centre-left coalition governments, Mr. Račan moved Croatia toward membership in the European Union, and toward a more open and democratic government. His coalition was defeated in the November 2003 election.

Josh Hancock, 29. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Hancock played with the Boston Red Sox (2002); Philadelphia Phillies (2003-2004); Cincinnati Reds (2004-2005); and St. Louis Cardinals (2006-2007), compiling a record of 9-7 with an earned run average of 4.20 in 102 games; he was with the Cardinals when they won the World Series in 2006. A few hours after giving up 1 run in 3 innings of relief, Mr. Hancock was killed--18 days after his 29th birthday--when he crashed his vehicle into a flatbed truck that was in the left lane of the road assisting another vehicle that had been involved in a prior accident. Mr. Hancock was drunk, speeding, texting on a cell phone, and not wearing a seat belt. He also had marijuana in his car, but not in his system. The fact that Mr. Hancock was entirely at fault didn't stop his greedy family from suing everyone in sight a few weeks later; the meritless suit was dropped on July 30, 2007.

Selvarajah Rajivarnam, 25. Sri Lankan journalist. Mr. Rajivarnam was a reporter with the Uthayan newspaper in Jaffna. A member of the country's Tamil minority, he was shot and killed on the street by unknown assailants.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Semi-Finals
Buffalo 1 @ New York Rangers 2 (2 OT) (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Anaheim 3 @ Vancouver 2 (Anaheim led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Michal Rozsival scored at 16:43 of the 2nd overtime period to give the Rangers their win over the Sabres at Madison Square Garden.

Friday, 28 April 2017

April 28, 2017

225 years ago
1792


War
French forces invaded the Austrian Netherlands (present day Belgium and Luxembourg).

140 years ago
1877


Politics and government
The North West Territories Act was amended to provide for a Council.

125 years ago
1892


Disasters
12 people perished in a fire at Grand Central Theatre in Philadelphia.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Robert Cornthwaite
. U.S. actor. Mr. Cornthwaite was a character actor in numerous films and television programs, often playing scientists or lawyers. His movies included The Thing from Another World (1951) and The War of the Worlds (1953). Mr. Cornthwaite died on July 20, 2006 at the age of 89.

75 years ago
1942


Movies
Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation paid a record price of $300,000 for the film rights to the play The Moon is Down by John Steinbeck.

War
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said in a radio broadcast that since the December 7, 1941 attack by Japanese bombers on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, U.S. troops had been dispersed worldwide; that United Nations forces would take necessary action to prevent the Axis from using French territory anywhere as bases; and that the Japanese advance toward New Zealand was being checked. A strong force of U.K. Royal Air Force bombers raided the new German naval base at Trondheim, Norway. U.S. Army Lieutenant General Joe Stilwell's Chinese troops and supporting British forces were driven back on all fronts in Burma, while machanized Japanese columns drove closer to Burma Road.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives voted to grant the Committee on Un-American Activities an additional $110,000 to carry on its work.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Administration issued the most drastic price control regulations in the nation's history in an effort to combat inflation, which had sent the cost of living up 15% since September 1939.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Heartaches--Ted Weems and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
--Harry James and his Orchestra
2 Linda--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
3 Anniversary Song--Al Jolson
--Dinah Shore
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Andy Russell
4 Managua, Nicaragua--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
5 Mam'selle--Art Lund
--Dick Haymes
--Dennis Day
--Pied Pipers
--Frank Sinatra
6 Guilty--Margaret Whiting
--Johnny Desmond
7 How are Things in Glocca Morra--Dick Haymes
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Buddy Clark
--Martha Tilton
8 I'll Close My Eyes--Andy Russell
--Johnny Desmond
9 My Adobe Hacienda--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
10 Santa Catalina (Island of Romance)--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were the versions of Mam'selle by Dick Haymes, the Pied Pipers, and Frank Sinatra; A Sunday Kind of Love, with versions by Jo Stafford; Claude Thornhill and his Orchestra; and Frankie Laine (#15); Sunrise Serenade by Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (#19); Peg o' My Heart, with versions by the Harmonicats, and Clark Dennis (#22); and There is No Greater Love, with versions by Stan Kenton and his Orchestra, and Woody Herman (#24).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Island of Death

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight`s episode: The Mile-High Murder

Exploration
Thor Heyerdahl and five crew mates set out from Peru on the balsa wood raft Kon-Tiki to prove that Peruvian natives could have settled Polynesia.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman issued an executive order creating a U.S. Mission to the United Nations, headed by Warren Austin.

The first special session of the United Nations General Assembly met in Flushing Meadows, New York to consider the Palestine question. Oswaldo Aranha of Brazil was chosen chairman of the session.

Politics and government
The third session of the Indian Constitutional Assembly opened in New Delhi as Indian National Congress Party leaders admitted that partition of India into Hindu and Muslim sections may be the only solution to the country's civil strife.

Labour
Shipping in London was paralyzed by an unauthorized strike of 10,000 dockworkers who were supporting striking harbour workers in Glasgow.

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Night the World Ended, starring Russell Collins and Harold J. Stone

Edmontonia
Premier Ernest Manning was on hand for the dedication of the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium; construction on that and the Southern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Calgary had begun in 1955. The buildings were built to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Alberta becoming a province.

Politics and government
Indonesian army leaders and civilian governors meeting in Jakarta called for autonomy for outlying islands; economic stimulation; migration from overpopulated sections; and anti-corruption measures.

Golf
Billy Casper won the Kentucky Derby Open in Louisville; first prize money was $4,300.

Auto racing
Peter Collins, driving a Ferrari, won the Grand Prix of Naples.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Georgy Girl--The Seekers

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 For What it's Worth--Buffalo Springfield
2 Western Union--The Five Americans
3 A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You--The Monkees
4 Happy Together--The Turtles
5 Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
6 Diamonds and Gold--Willie and the Walkers
7 No Milk Today--Herman's Hermits
8 The Girls in Paris--Lee Hazlewood
9 Rovin' Heart--The Lords
10 Love Eyes--Nancy Sinatra
Pick hit of the week: Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
New this week: Don't Blame the Children--Sammy Davis, Jr.
Holiday for Clowns--Brian Hyland
Speak for Me--Gordon Waller
With this Ring--The Platters
Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane

Space
The United States launched five satellites atop a Titan 3-C rocket from Cape Kennedy, Florida.

Canadiana

The Expo 67 world's fair in Montreal opened to the public at 9:30 am for its first full day of business after the official opening the previous day (go here, here, and here for more on Expo 67).

Boxing
In Houston, Muhammad Ali refused his induction into the United States Army, and was stripped of his world heavyweight championship and boxing license the next day.

Former world heavyweight champion Sonny Liston (39-3) scored a technical knockout of Elmer Rush (15-4-2) in the 6th round at Johanneshov in Stockholm. Mr. Rush was knocked down twice in the 4th round, three times in the 5th, and four times in the 6th.



40 years ago
1977


Died on this date
Ricardo Cortez, 76
. U.S. actor. Mr. Cortez, born Jacob Krantz, appeared in more than 100 movies, usually playing Latin lovers. His most famous role was probably that of Sam Spade in the original film version of The Maltese Falcon (1931).

Terrorism
The Red Army Faction trial ended, with Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin, and Jan-Carl Raspe being found guilty of four counts of murder and more than 30 counts of attempted murder. They were sentenced to life imprisonment after the longest trial in West German history, lasting two years.

Crime
Christopher Boyce, 23, was convicted in Los Angeles of eight counts of espionage and conspiracy to commit espionage. Mr. Boyse, a former employee of defense contractor TRW Systems, passed on or sold to U.S.S.R. agents the contents of thousands of documents containing data about Central Intelligence Agency cryptographic ciphers and information about U.S. spy satellites. Mr. Boyce admitted passing the information through an intermediary, Andrew Daulton Lee, over a two-year period. Mr. Boyce claimed that he had been blackmailed by Mr. Lee after he had voluntarily disclosed to Mr. Lee secret data indicating that the CIA had withheld or distorted satellite data it was required by agreement to supply to Australia.

Law
The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure was signed; it came into force on August 9, 1980.

U.S. Health, Education and Welfare Secretary Joseph Califano signed regulations barring discrimination against the disabled by federally-aided schools, hospitals, and other facilities. The rules would protect 35 million disabled people, 10 million drunkards, and 1.5 million recovered drug addicts. People with hearrt disease or cancer were also covered.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Philadelphia 1 @ Boston 2 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Montreal 3 @ New York Islanders 5 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Mike Milbury's goal 7:51 into the 3rd period was the winner as the Bruins edged the Flyers at Boston Garden.

Andre St. Laurent scored the winning goal with 8:51 remaining in the 3rd period as the Islanders defeated the Canadiens at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale, handing the Canadiens their first loss of the playoffs.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Quebec 6 @ Indianapolis 5 (OT) (Quebec led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Winnipeg 2 @ Houston 7 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

30 years ago
1987


Died on this date
Gus Johnson, 48
. U.S. basketball player. One of the first players to make slam-dunk shots, Mr. Johnson played in the NBA from 1963-1972 with the Baltimore Bullets. He was traded to the Phoenix Suns before the 1972-73 season, but was released in mid-season and joined the Indiana Pacers of the ABA, helping them to the league championship in his final season as a professional. Mr. Johnson died of brain cancer; he was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 2010.

Scandal
Televangelist Rev. Jerry Falwell, who had replaced Rev. Jim Bakker as chairman of the PTL organization when Mr. Bakker had resigned in March because of a sex scandal, announced that the PTL board of directors had cut off all income to Mr. Bakker and his wife Tammy Faye; had obtained the resignation of Rev. Richard Dortch, PTL president and a longtime associate of Mr. Bakker; and stopped payments from a $265,000 fund established for Jessica Hahn, the church secretary with whom Mr. Bakker had had sex in 1980. Mr. Falwell said that PTL was $50 million in debt.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Quebec 2 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)
New York Islanders 2 @ Philadelphia 1 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)

25 years ago
1992


Died on this date
Francis Bacon, 82
. U.K. artist. Mr. Bacon was a hard-drinking sodomite who was known for abstract paintings showing grotesque depictions of the human condition.

Brian Pockar, 32. Canadian figure skater. Mr. Pockar, a native of Calgary, was the Canadian men's champion from 1978-1980. He placed 12th at the 1980 Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid, and compted in six world championships, with his best result coming in his last year, when he finished third in 1982. Mr. Pockar was a sodomite who died of AIDS.

Health
The United States Department of Agriculture unveiled its first food pyramid.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Detroit 1 @ Minnesota 0 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Chicago 2 @ St. Louis 1 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Vancouver 8 @ Winnipeg 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Los Angeles 0 @ Edmonton 3 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-2)

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 One Headlight--The Wallflowers (5th week at #1)
2 Falling in Love (Is Hard on the Knees)--Aerosmith
3 Staring at the Sun--U2
4 You were Meant for Me--Jewel
5 Elegantly Wasted--INXS
6 I Want You--Savage Garden
7 Lovefool--The Cardigans
8 Precious Declaration--Collective Soul
9 Dark Horse--Amanda Marshall
10 Make You Mad--The Odds

Singles entering the chart were Gone Away by the Offspring (#84); Sunny Came Home by Shawn Colvin (#85); Driven by Rush (#95); Tangerine by Moist (#96); In a Room by Dodgy (#97); Semi-Charmed Life by Third Eye Blind (#98); Cold Contagious by Bush (#99); and Be Inside You by Barney Bentall (#100).

Died on this date
Ann Petry, 88
. U.S. authoress. Mrs. Petry was best known for her novel The Street (1946), which was the first novel by a Negro woman to sell one million copies.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Dabbs Greer, 90
. U.S. actor. Mr. Greer was a character actor who appeared in numerous movies and television programs, especially Westerns. He played Rev. Robert Alden in the television series Little House on the Prairie (1974-1983).

Bertha Wilson, 83. Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, 1982-1991. Mrs. Wilson, a native of Scotland, married United Church of Canada minister John Wilson and came to Canada in 1949. She played a major role in the United Church's adoption of a pro-abortion policy; became the first female on the Ontario Court of Appeal (1975) and the first female on the Supreme Court of Canada. Mrs. Wilson said that she was going to bring a feminist slant to the court, and she did. She concurred with the majority in R. v. Morgentaler (1988), which struck down Canada's abortion law; as journalist Ted Byfield said, Mrs. Wilson's "so-called judgment...reads like something you'd be handed on a street corner." It was Mrs. Wilson who came up with the preposterous ruling that foreigners were entitled to the same rights as Canadian citizens the minute they arrived in the country. Mrs. Wilson was a member of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (1992-1996), in which witnesses weren't under oath to tell the truth--and many didn't; no cross-examination was allowed; and some of the hearings were conducted in secret, leading former Saskatchewan Premier Allan Blakeney to quit the commission partway through the hearings because he didn't like the way it was going. Mrs. Wilson died of a long illness that some said was Alzheimer's disease, which, if her rulings were any indication, may have been present when she was on the bench. On the basis of the consequences of her actions, Bertha Wilson gets this blogger's vote as the most evil woman in Canadian history.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Semi-Finals
Ottawa 2 @ New Jersey 3 (2 OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
San Jose 2 @ Detroit 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Jamie Langenbrunner scored 1:55 into the 2nd overtime period to give the Devils their win over the Senators at Continental Airlines Arena.

Thursday, 27 April 2017

April 27, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rod Crossley!

240 years ago
1777


War
A British invasion force engaged and defeated Continental Army regulars and militia irregulars in the Battle of Ridgefield, Connecticut.

175 years ago
1842


Economics and finance
The Currency Act of 1841 came into effect in Canada, making legal tender the British sovereign and the American eagle ($10), dollar, and half-dollar coins. French crowns and half-crowns were no longer legal tender.

150 years ago
1867


Defense
France and Prussia agreed to dismantle the Fortress of Luxembourg.

125 years ago
1892


Americana
U.S. President Benjamin Harrison laid the cornerstone of the Grant Monument in New York.

110 years ago
1907


Politics and government
The Geological Survey of Canada became a branch of the newly created Department of Mines; the GSC Museum received approval to add anthropological studies to its official mandate.

90 years ago
1927


Law
The national police force Carabineros de Chile was founded.

80 years ago
1937


Died on this date
Antonio Gramsci, 46
. Italian philosopher and politician. Mr. Gramsci was a Marxist who joined the Italian Socialist Party in 1913 and helped to found the Partito Comunista d'Italia – PCI (Communist Party of Italy) in 1921, leading the party from 1921-1924. He became one of the most important figures in Marxist thought, emphasizing the importance of Marxists capturing political power by first capturing the culture of a society. Mr. Gramsci was exiled in 1926 and then imprisoned from 1927-1934 by the Fascist regime of Duce Benito Mussolini. He was conditionally released because of his poor health, but he never recovered.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Emil von Sauer, 79
. German-born Austrian musician. Mr. Sauer was regarded as one of the world's greatest piano virtuosos in a performing career from 1882-1940. He also composed works for piano.

War
For the fourth consecutive night, U.K. Royal Air Force bombers attacked the German Baltic port of Rostock, the Nazi supply base for the northern Russian front. Two Japanese mechanized columns drove 67 miles southwest of Lshio, terminus of the Burma Road. The Canadian national referndum on conscription resulted in a vote of 63.7% in favour of conscripition, giving Prime Minister Mackenzie King's government a mandate to impose overseas conscription "if necessary." Québec voted 72% against conscription, while other provinces voted 80% in favour. More than 13 million men aged 45-64 were reported registered throughout the United States in the fourth draft registration since October 1940. Indian Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi asserted in Ahmedabad the he did not approve of U.S. solders coming to India because of the American influence it could lead to; he questioned why India's soldiers could not be trained.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the power of law enforcement officers to use information acquired by wiretapping and detectaphone as evidence in court.

Economics and finance
The Federal Reserve Bank of New York announced the admission of J.P. Morgan and Company, Inc. to membership in the Federal Reserve System.

Disasters
80-100 people were killed when a tornado struck Pryor, Oklahoma.

70 years ago
1947


World events
A Polish court sentenced five Ukrainian nationalists to death in Przemysi.

Journalism
Cochin Chinese President Le Van Hoach suspended 13 Vietnamese nationalist newspapers in southern Vietnam.

Baseball
Babe Ruth Day was held at Yankee Stadium in New York, honouring the legendary former New York Yankees' star, who was battling cancer. The Yankees lost the subsequent game to the Washington Nationals 1-0, with Sid Hudson singling and scoring the only run in the 8th inning to win the pitchers' duel over Spud Chandler.

The Philadelphia Athletics scored 5 runs in the top of the 2nd inning to take a 5-0 lead over the Boston Red Sox in the first game of a doubleheader before 34,693 fans at Fenway Park in Boston, but the Red Sox rallied for 4 runs in the bottom of the 3rd, and the game was tied 6-6 after 9 innings when it was called because of rain. The second game was not played.

Vern Stephens hit a 3-run home run in the bottom of the 8th inning to give the St. Louis Browns a 4-3 win over the Chicago White Sox and a sweep of their doubleheader before 15,179 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The White Sox pulled off a triple play in the 2nd inning. The Browns scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to take a 4-1 lead in the first game, and barely held on to win 4-2. The White Sox had the bases loaded with 2 out in the 9th, but Denny Galehouse struck out pinch hitter Jake Jones to end the game to get his first save of the season.

Pinch runner Marv Rackley scored on a squeeze bunt by Eddie Stanky in the bottom of the 9th inning to complete a rally from an 8-4 7th-inning deficit as the Brooklyn Dodgers edged the New York Giants 9-8 before 31,675 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

Jim Tabor hit a home run to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning, giving the Philadelphia Phillies a 5-4 win over the Boston Braves and a sweep of their doubleheader before 34,835 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Phillies won the first game 5-4. Boston catcher Phil Masi homered in both games.

Frank Baumholtz singled home Augie Galan with 2 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Cincinnati Reds a 2-1 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 36,961 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Johnny Hetki pitched a 10-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Fritz Ostermueller, who allowed 8 hits in also pitching a complete game.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Cindy, Oh Cindy--Eddie Fisher (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Cindy, Oh Cindy--Margot Eskens (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Cumberland Gap--Lonnie Donegan (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)
2 Little Darlin'--The Diamonds
3 Round and Round--Perry Como
4 Come Go with Me--The Dell-Vikings
5 Party Doll--Buddy Knox with the Rhythm Orchids
--Steve Lawrence
6 Gone--Ferlin Husky
7 Butterfly--Andy Williams
--Charlie Gracie
8 Mama Look at Bubu--Harry Belafonte
9 School Day--Chuck Berry
10 Why Baby Why--Pat Boone

Singles entering the chart were Harem Dance by the Armenian Jazz Sextet (#42); Shish-Kebab by Ralph Marterie and his Orchestra (#45); It's Not for Me to Say by Johnny Mathis (#49); I Love My Girl, with versions by the Hilltoppers, and Cozy Morley (#50); and So Long, My Love (#53)/Crazy Love (#58) by Frank Sinatra.

Chess
Vasily Smyslov of Moscow defeated Mikhail Botvinnik to win the world championship, winning 6 games, losing 3, and drawing 13 games of a scheduled 20-game match in Moscow.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw

On television tonight
Dragnet 1967, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Gun



Canadiana
Prime Minister Lester Pearson officially opened the Canadian Universal and International Exhibition/l'Exposition universelle de Montréal, popularly known as Expo '67. The opening ceremony was broadcast in colour live via satellite to an estimated worldwide audience of 700 million viewers and listeners. Expo '67 opened to the public the next day. Go to this blog for more, and YouTube for videos on Expo '67.

Europeana
A son, Willem-Alexander, was born to Crown Princess Beatrix, the first male heir to the Dutch throne since the birth of Crown Prince Alexander in 1851. Princess Beatrix had married German diplomat Claus von Amsberg a year earlier.

Boxing
Jerry Quarry (23-1-3) scored a technical knockout of Alex Miteff (25-13-1) at 2:18 of the 3rd round of their heavyweight bout at Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles, ending Mr. Miteff's professional career.



Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 6 @ Toronto 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Jean Beliveau led the Canadiens to their win over the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens. Toronto goalie Johnny Bower pulled a leg muscle in the pre-game warmup and was replaced by Terry Sawchuk, who played a poor game.



40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Ernie Neitzke, 82
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Neitzke was a pitcher and outfielder who played 11 games with the Boston Red Sox in 1921, batting .240 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in, and a 0-0 record with an earned run average of 6.14 in 2 games as a pitcher.

Stanley Adams, 62. U.S. actor. Mr. Adams was a character actor in numerous movies and television programs, often playing comic blowhards. He shot himself to death, 20 days after his 62nd birthday.

Diplomacy
The United States and Cuba agreed on fishing rights in their overlapping zones.

Defense
U.S. President Jimmy Carter asked Congress to grant him the power to impose heavy sanctions against any country that received U.S. nuclear fuel or hardware, if that country exploded an atomic bomb or violated international safeguards or agreements with the United States.

Politics and government
Quebec's Parti Québecois government proposed the Charter of the French Language as Bill One in the National Assembly, to make French the working language in Québec and limiting the use of English.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos traded shortstop Tim Foli to the San Francisco Giants for shortstop Chris Speier. Mr. Foli, in his 6th season with the Expos, was batting .175 with no home runs and 3 runs batted in in 13 games with Montreal in 1977; Mr. Speier, in his 7th season with the Giants, was batting .176 with no homers or RBIs in 6 games with San Francisco in 1977.

The Oakland Athletics traded pitcher Mike Torrez to the New York Yankees for pitcher Dock Ellis, second baseman Marty Perez, and outfielder Larry Murray. Mr. Torrez was 3-1 with an earned run average of 4.50 in 4 games with Oakland in 1977. Mr. Ellis was 1-1 with a 1.83 ERA in 3 games with New York in 1977; Mr. Perez was batting .500 (2 for 4) with no home runs or runs batted in in 1 game with New York, while Mr. Murray was batting .300 with 1 home run and 4 runs batted in in 9 games with the Syracuse Chiefs of the AAA International League in 1977.

The New York Mets returned infielder Luis Alvarado to the Detroit Tigers; he batted 0 for 2 in 1 game with New York in 1977.

The Cincinnati Reds signed relief pitcher Joe Hoerner, 40, as a free agent. Mr. Hoerner had previously played with the Houston Colt .45s (1963-1964); St. Louis Cardinals (1966-1969); Philadelphia Phillies (1970-1972, 1975); Atlanta Braves (1972-1973); Kansas City Royals (1973-1974); and Texas Rangers (1976).

Ellis Valentine's 2-run home run climaxed a 3-run 3rd inning as the Montreal Expos edged the New York Mets 3-2 before 7,441 fans at Shea Stadium in New York on a Wednesday night telecast on Radio-Canada. Steve Rogers pitched a 9-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Jerry Koosman, who pitched 8 innings without allowing an earned run.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 6 runs in the first 2 innings and 8 in the 5th as they routed the Chicago Cubs 21-3 before 9,248 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Bill Russell had 4 hits and Ron Cey added 3 as the Los Angeles Dodgers withstood a 4-run 8th-inning rally to defeat the San Diego Padres 7-6 before 18,132 fans at San Diego Stadium.

Darrell Evans hit a 2-run home run in the bottom of the 8th inning to give the San Francisco Giants a 3-2 win over the Houston Astros before 2,240 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Tim Foli made his first appearance in a San Francisco uniform, making an out as a pinch hitter in the 8th inning.

The New York Yankees scored a run in each of the last 3 innings to edge the Baltimore Orioles 4-3 before 15,647 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Bob Bailor hit a home run to lead off the game and singled home Alan Ashby with 1 out in the top of the 12th inning to break a 5-5 tie as the Toronto Blue Jays edged the Cleveland Indians 6-5 before 3,639 fans at Cleveland Stadium.

Jason Thompson's grand slam highlighted a 7-run 3rd inning as the Detroit Tigers held on to defeat the Chicago White Sox 10-9 before 5,868 fans at Tiger Stadium. The teams combined for 7 home runs, 5 by the White Sox.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Boom Boom (Let's Go Back to My Room)--Paul Lekakis (3rd week at #1)

Weather
The temperature reached 77 F. in Edmonton.

Diplomacy
The United States Justice Department announced that Austrian President Kurt Waldheim would be barred from entering the United States because of his participation in Nazi war crimes during World War II. Mr. Waldheim, former secretary-general of the United Nations, had served in the German army, and his activities had come to light in 1986, during his successful campaign for the Austrian presidency.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Detroit 2 @ Toronto 3 (OT) (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Edmonton 4 @ Winnipeg 2 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-0)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Viva Las Vegas--ZZ Top

Died on this date
Olivier Messiaen, 83
. French composer, organist, and ornithologist. Mr. Messiaen regarded birds as the best singers, and incorporated birdsong into his music.

World events
Serbia (including the autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina) and Montenegro endorsed a constitution for a new Yugoslavian state, acknowledging the independence of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia. The new state renounced territorial claims and scheduled elections for its Federal Assembly on May 31. The new state was recognized by Canada, China, Russia, and other non-aligned countries.

Politics and government
Labour MP Betty Boothroyd became the first woman to be elected Speaker of the House of Commons in the 700-year history of the lower house of the British Parliament.

Economics and finance
Russia and 12 other former Soviet republics were granted admission into the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

Canadiana
Lina Haddad, 27, gave birth in Montreal to Quebec's first quintuplets, three boys and two girls.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Hartford 4 @ Montreal 7 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Buffalo 2 @ Boston 0 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)
New Jersey 5 @ New York Rangers 8 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Pittsburgh 5 @ Washington 2 (Washington led best-of-seven series 3-2)

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Truly Madly Deeply--Savage Garden (4th week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Hard to Say I'm Sorry--Az Yet featuring Peter Cetera

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Warum?--Tic Tac Toe (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I Believe I Can Fly--R. Kelly

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien obtained a dissolution of Parliament and called a federal election for June 2. Mr. Chretien's Liberal government currently held a majority of the seats in the House of Commons, with the separatist Bloc Quebecois the official opposition, and the Reform Party with the third-largest number of seats.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Buffalo 3 @ Ottawa 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Detroit 3 @ St. Louis 1 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Dallas 3 @ Edmonton 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Anaheim 3 @ Phoenix 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Mstislav Rostropovich, 80
. U.S.S.R. musician. Mr. Rostropovich, a native of Baku, Azerbaijan, moved to Russia in his teens and began a career as one of the world's foremost cellists. He inspired and premiered over 100 pieces, working with eminent European composers. Mr. Rostropovich died a month after his 80th birthday.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 2 @ Buffalo 3 (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Vancouver 2 @ Anaheim 1 (2 OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Jeff Cowan scored at 7:49 of the 2nd overtime period to give the Canucks their win over the Ducks at Honda Center.

Wednesday, 26 April 2017

April 26, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lynn Weiss!

825 years ago
1192


Died on this date
Go-Shirakawa, 64
. Emperor of Japan, 1155-1158. Go-Shirakawa, born Masahito-shinnō, was the fourth son of Emperor Toba. He succeeded his brother Konoe on the throne, and abdicated in favour of his son Nijō.

410 years ago
1607


Americana
An expedition of English colonists went ashore at Cape Henry, Virginia to establish the first permanent English settlement in the Western Hemisphere.

130 years ago
1887


Albertana
Charles Ora Card and a small group of Mormons founded the community that became Cardston, Alberta. The settlers were religious refugees from American law, particularly over the issue of polygamy; experienced in dry farming, they introduced a variety of new crops, and joined with the Galt Company in irrigating other areas of southern Alberta.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, I.M. Pei!
The Chinese-born U.S. architect designed such buildings as the National Gallery of Art; Bank of China Tower; John F. Kennedy Library; and Dallas City Hall.

Sal Maglie. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Maglie pitched in the major leagues with the New York Giants (1945, 1950-1955); Cleveland Indians (1955-1956); Brooklyn Dodgers (1956-1957); New York Yankees (1957-1958); and St. Louis Cardinals (1958), compiling a record of 119 wins and 62 losses for a winning percentage of .657 with an earned run average of 3.15 in 303 games. After his rookie year, he jumped to the Mexican League in 1946 and was one of several players who was banned from returning to the major leagues. Mr. Maglie posted consecutive 20-win seasons with the Puebla Pericos in 1946 and 1947. The ban was lifted in 1949, and he returned to the Giants in 1950; Mr. Maglie led the National League that year in earned run average and winning percentage. In 1951 Mr. Maglie and teammate Larry Jansen tied for the NL lead in wins with 23 as the Giants made a late charge to defeat the Dodgers in a 3-game playoff to win the NL pennant. He was known as "The Barber" for giving "close shaves," i.e., pitching inside to hitters, often close to their chins. Mr. Maglie died on December 28, 1992 at the age of 75.

Virgil Trucks. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Trucks played with the Detroit Tigers (1941-1943, 1945-1952, 1956); St. Louis Browns (1953); Chicago White Sox (1953-1955); Kansas City Athletics (1957-1958) and New York Yankees (1958), compiling a record of 177-135 with an earned run average of 3.39 in 517 games. He was in the military in 1944 and most of 1945, joining the Tigers in time to participate in their World Series championship. Mr. Trucks pitched two no-hitters in 1952, despite having a 5-19 record. He began the 1953 season with a 5-4 record with the Browns, going 15-6 after being traded to the White Sox to finish the year at 20-10. Mr. Trucks was a pitching coach with several major league teams, including the Pittsburgh Pirates when they won the World Series in 1960. He died on March 23, 2013 at the age of 95.

80 years ago
1937


War
In the Spanish Civil War, the German Luftwaffe destroyed the town of Guernica.

75 years ago
1942


War
Japanese troops in Burma advanced along the Rangoon-Mandalay railroad, capturing Yamethin and reaching Pyawbwe, 85 miles south of Mandalay.

Defense
The U.S. Eastern Defense Command announced plans to control the dimming of shorelights and to regulate activities of aliens in 16 Eastern states and Washington.

Disasters
1,549 miners were killed in a coal-dust explosion at Benxihu Colliery in Manchukuo.

5 people were killed and 222 injured when a Hudson & Manhattan Railroad train travelling at high speed was wrecked in an underground tube in Jersey City, New Jersey.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Heartaches--Ted Weems and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
A.E. Conquest
. U.K. police officer. Mr. Conquest, the deputy police chief in Haifa in mandatory Palestine, was assassinated by Zionist terrorists.

War
Vietnam radio announced that an envoy of Vietnamese nationalist leader Ho Chi Minh had arrived in Saigon to open truce negotiations with French High Commissioner Emile Bollaert.

U.S. President Harry Truman ordered the transfer of an unspecified number of surplus ships together with naval personnel to the Chinese Nationalists.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cumberland Gap--Lonnie Donegan (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
King Hussein of Jordan named Defense Minister Toukan, a moderate, as military governor of Jordan.

Defense
The British Admiralty disclosed plans to scrap four of the U.K.'s five remaining battleships and to regroup the Royal Navy in task forces organized around Britain's 12 aircraft carriers.

Crime
Jacob Albam pled guilty in a U.S. federal court in New York to conspiring with Jack and Myra Soble to obtain U.S. defense data for the U.S.S.R.

Disasters
A boat on the Yangtze River burned and sank near Wuhan, China, drowning 100 passengers.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
3 Georgy Girl--The Seekers
4 What's Wrong with the Way I Live--The Twilights
5 Ruby Tuesday/Let's Spend the Night Together--The Rolling Stones
6 All My Loving (EP)--Johnny Young
7 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
8 The Return of the Red Baron--The Royal Guardsmen
9 I'm a Believer--The Monkees
10 There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits

Singles entering the chart were A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You by the Monkees (#17); Going Home/I Don't Care by Normie Rowe (#22); Who'll Be the One by the Easybeats (#25); Sunday for Tea by Peter and Gordon (#36); and Love Like Ours by the Loved Ones (#39).

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson concluded his three-day visit to West Germany; he had gone to attend the funeral of former West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, and had engaged in talks with current Chancellor Kurt Kiesinger, U.K. Prime Minister Harold Wilson, Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro, and French President Charles de Gaulle.

40 years ago
1977


On the radio
CBS Radio Mystery Theater, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Red Headed League, starring Kevin McCarthy and Court Benson

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Islanders 0 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Boston 5 @ Philadelphia 4 (OT) (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Jim Roberts scored 2 goals, with his first, at 7:46 of the 3rd period, breaking a scoreless tie as the Canadiens blanked the Islanders at the Montreal Forum, with Ken Dryden winning the goaltending duel over Glenn Resch.

Terry O'Reilly's goal 10:07 into the 1st overtime period gave the Bruins their second straight overtime win over the Flyers at the Spectrum.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Winnipeg 4 @ Houston 3 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 1-0)

CHL
Adams Cup
Finals
Kansas City 5 @ Tulsa 4 (OT) (Kansas City won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Gilles Marotte scored 1:04 into the 1st overtime period to give the Blues their sweep of the Oilers at the Assembly Center, and their first Adams Cup championship. Alain Langlais scored for Tulsa with just 1:02 remaining in regulation time to send the game into overtime. Kansas City goalie Bill McKenzie, who posted a record of 8-2 with a goals against average of 2.18 and 2 shutouts in 10 games, was named the Most Valuable Player of the playoffs. It was the final game for the Kansas City franchise as the Blues; they switched their NHL affiliation to the Detroit Red Wings for the 1977-78 season, and became the Kansas City Red Wings.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Don't Dream it's Over--Crowded House (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Viens boire un p'tit coup à la maison--License IV (3rd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Montreal 3 @ Quebec 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Philadelphia 6 @ New York Islanders 4 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): On a Sunday Afternoon--A Lighter Shade of Brown

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Das Boot--U 96 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Das Boot--U 96 (8th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Minnesota 0 @ Detroit 3 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 3-2)
St. Louis 4 @ Chicago 6 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Winnipeg 2 @ Vancouver 8 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Edmonton 5 @ Los Angeles 2 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-2)

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): My Love For You--Blackwood (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Old Before I Die--Robbie Williams

#1 single in France (SNEP): Maria--Ricky Martin (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Fired Up--Funky Green Dogs

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Let a Boy Cry--Gala (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Believe I Can Fly--R. Kelly (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I Believe I Can Fly--R. Kelly (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Can't Nobody Hold Me Down--Puff Daddy featuring Mase (6th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 0 @ New Jersey 4 (New Jersey won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Pittsburgh 3 @ Philadelphia 6 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Colorado 6 @ Chicago 3 (Colorado won best-of-seven series 4-2)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Jack Valenti, 85
. U.S. advertising and movie executive. Mr. Valenti was an advertising executive who beame a political consultant and was a "special assistant" to U.S. President Lyndon Johnson from 1963-1966 until accepting the position of president of the Motion Picture Association of America, holding the position until his returement in 2004. He devised the rating system for movies in 1968 in order to prevent possible government intervention. Mr. Valenti opposed making movies available via new technologies such as video cassettes and the Internet.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Semi-Finals
Ottawa 5 @ New Jersey 4 (Ottawa led best-of-seven series 1-0)
San Jose 2 @ Detroit 0 (San Jose led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Tuesday, 25 April 2017

April 25, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Suzie Martin!

675 years ago
1342


Died on this date
Benedict XII, 53-62 (?)
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1334-1342. Benedict XII, born Jacques Fournier in France, was the third of seven popes whose papacy was located in Avignon, France. He succeeded John XXII, and was known as a reformer who didn't follow the policies of his predecessor. Benedict XII was succeeded by Clement VI.

410 years ago
1607


War
The Dutch fleet destroyed the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar.

310 years ago
1707


War
A coalition of England, the Netherlands, and Portugal was defeated by a Franco-Spanish army in the Battle of Almansa, Spain in the War of the Spanish Succession.

225 years ago
1792


Died on this date
Nicolas Pelletier, 36 (?)
. French criminal. Mr. Pelletier, a highwayman, became the first person executed by guillotine. He was sentenced to death for an assault and robbery on October 14, 1791, in which the victim was killed. The crowd in Paris was reportedly dissatisfied with the rapidity of the method of execution.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Maud Hart Lovelace
. U.S. authoress. Mrs. Lovelace was best known for her Betsy-Tacy series of children's books (1940-1955). She died on March 11, 1980 at the age of 87.

Died on this date
Karl von Ditmar, 69
. German geologist and explorer. Mr. Ditmar was best known for contributing to the body of knowledge about Kamchatka.

Henri Duveyrier, 52. French explorer. Mr. Duveyrier explored the Sahara Desert, and contributed to the body of knowledge about the Tuareg people. He committed suicide in Sèvres.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Ella Fitzgerald
. U.S. singer. Miss Fitzgerald, nicknamed the "First Lady of Song," was one of the most highly-regarded jazz singers in history, with achievements too numerous to mention here. She won 13 Grammy Awards and probably would have won more if the awards had been presented prior to 1958. Miss Fitzgerald suffered from diabetes in her later years and died on June 15, 1996 at the age of 79.

Religion
The Doukhobor Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood, headed by Peter Verigin, was incorporated in Saskatchewan.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Moonlight Cocktail--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (9th week at #1)

War
U.K. Royal Air Force planes bombed the German Baltic port of Rostock for the second night in a row. British radio announced that General Henri Honore Giraud, 63, a French Army commander who had been captured in may 1940, had escaped from the fortress of Koenigstein. U.S. troops arrived at New Caledonia--about 800 miles east of Australia--to assist in defending the island. Japanese columns drove west and northeast of Taunggyi, Burma.

Politics and government
Paraguayan President Higinio Morinigio ordered the dissolution of the Liberal Party on charges of "high treason."

Economics and finance
The United States and Nicaragua reached an agreement whereby Nicaragua would get a $500,000 credit through the Import-Export Bank, and the U.S.A. would build the Nicaraguan portion of the Inter-American Highway and purchase Nicaragua's rubber.

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
Major Peter Cashin led a delegation of the Newfoundland National Convention to London. On arrival, Secretary for the Dominions Lord Addison stated Westminster's position: if Newfoundland voted to return to responsible government, it could expect no further aid from Britain. Major Cashin argued that Britain was conspiring to sell Newfoundland to the Dominion of Canada, and violating the 1934 agreement to restore responsible government as soon as Newfoundland became self-supporting again.

Elections for the Japanese House of Representatives resulted in a victory for the Social Deomcrats, who won 142 of the chamber's 466 seats, although the conservative Liberal Party obrained the largest number of popular votes.

Diplomacy
The non-Zionist American Council for Judaism announced its opposition to the seating of special Jewish representatives in the upcoming United Nations General Assembly session on Palestine.

Terrorism
The Greek government ordered the disarming and disbanding of royalist groups who were terrorizing the Laconia area of the Peloponnesus.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee formally approved President Harry Truman's Greek-Turkish aid bill, calling the measure "a positive move for the preservation of world peace."

60 years ago
1957


War
Nicaraguan troops invaded the newly-created Honduran state of Gracia a Dios on the Caribbean coast, claiming that some Nicaraguan territory had been used in the creation of the new state.

World events
King Hussein of Jordan decreed martial law throughout the country, imposing total curfews on Amman, Jerusalem, Ramaliah, Nablus, and Irbid after abolishing all of Jordan's political parties.

Defense
Acting to assure the survival of Jordan's King Hussein against leftist and nationalist opponents, the United States ordered the Navy's 6th Fleet from French and Italian ports to the eastern Mediterranean Sea.

Politics and government
Finnish Prime Minister Karl August Fagerholm and his cabinet resigned, following Mr. Fagerholm's defeat by Vaino Tanner for the presidency of the Social Democratic Party.

Oil
U.S. Defense Mobilization Agency director Gordon Gray released an exchange of correspondence in which President Dwight Eisenhower agreed that "there is reason for the belief" that crude oil imports had risen to the point where they endangered U.S. security.

Environment
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission member Willard Libby wrote, in a letter to Dr. Albert Schweitzer, that the current level of strontium-90 in the atmsphere is "less than 1% of the maximum permissible concentration."

50 years ago
1967


Politics and government
The British protectorate of Swaziland was granted self-government, with Prince Makhosini Diamini as Prime Minister.

Defense
The Canadian House of Commons passed Bill C-243, "The Canadian Forces Reorganization Act," unifying the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force into one service, the Canadian Armed Forces, with common uniform and rank designations, to come into effect February 1, 1968.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 2 @ Toronto 3 (3 OT) (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Bob Pulford scored 8:26 into the 3rd overtime period to give the Maple Leafs their win over the Canadiens at Maple Leaf Gardens. Johnny Bower made 60 saves as he won an outstanding goaltending duel over Rogie Vachon.



40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Carmen '77--Pink Lady (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Gavilán o Paloma--Pablo Abraira

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Indianapolis 3 @ Quebec 8 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 2-0)

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Loving You is Sweeter Than Ever--Nick Kamen

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Walk Like an Egyptian--Bangles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Sailing Home--Piet Veerman

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sailing Home--Piet Veerman (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Irish Rover--The Pogues and the Dubliners (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): La Isla Bonita--Madonna

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): La Isla Bonita--Madonna

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)--Aretha Franklin and George Michael (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)--Aretha Franklin and George Michael
2 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
3 Don't Dream it's Over--Crowded House
4 Sign 'o' the Times--Prince
5 Looking for a New Love--Jody Watley
6 (I Just) Died in Your Arms--Cutting Crew
7 The Finer Things--Steve Winwood
8 La Isla Bonita--Madonna
9 Walking Down Your Street--Bangles
10 With or Without You--U2

Singles entering the chart were In Too Deep by Genesis (#54); Jammin' Me by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#84); Why Can't this Night Go on Forever by Journey (#85); Back and Forth by Cameo (#86); Soul City by the Partland Brothers (#88); Weatherman Says by Jack Wagner (#89); and Sweet Sixteen by Billy Idol (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Lean on Me--Club Nouveau (3rd week at #1)
2 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
3 Don't Dream it's Over--Crowded House
4 I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)--Aretha Franklin and George Michael
5 Somewhere Out There--Linda Ronstadt and James Ingram
6 With or Without You--U2
7 Wild Horses--Gino Vannelli
8 Heat of the Night--Bryan Adams
9 Holiday Rap--M.C. Miker G. & DJ Sven
10 Sign 'o' the Times--Prince

Singles entering the chart were Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You by Glenn Medeiros (#92); Walkin' a Fine Line by Johansen (#94); Get that Love by Thompson Twins (#96); Right on Track by Breakfast Club (#97); and Just to See Her by Smokey Robinson (#98).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Toronto 2 @ Detroit 4 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Edmonton 5 @ Winnipeg 2 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-0)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Love Song--Chage & Aska

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Why--Annie Lennox (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Quimica--Chimo Bayo (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers

#1 single in France (SNEP): Joy--François Feldman

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): To Be with You--Mr. Big

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Deeply Dippy--Right Said Fred (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jump--Kris Kross

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton
2 Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams
3 Make it Happen--Mariah Carey
4 Masterpiece--Atlantic Starr
5 Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen
6 Everything Changes--Kathy Troccoli
7 Hazard--Richard Marx
8 Jump--Kris Kross
9 Beauty and the Beast--Celine Dion and Peabo Bryson
10 My Lovin' (You're Never Gonna Get It)--En Vogue

Singles entering the chart were Just Take My Heart by Mr. Big (#69); Damn I Wish I was Your Lover by Sophie B. Hawkins (#72); Don't Talk Just Kiss by Right Said Fred (#84); What You Give by Tesla (#89); This is the Last Time by Laura Enea (#91); Anything at All by Mitch Malloy (#92); No Sunshine by Kid Frost (#94); Lift Me Up by Howard Jones (#96); and If You Could See Me Now by Devonsquare (#99). Bohemian Rhapsody had been a major hit in Great Britain in 1975 and in North America in 1976, and had been reissued as a single, presumably because it had been featured in the movie Wayne's World (1992).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Thought I'd Died and Gone to Heaven--Bryan Adams
2 Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton
3 Human Touch--Bruce Springsteen
4 Hazard--Richard Marx
5 Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams
6 One--U2
7 Make it Happen--Mariah Carey
8 To Be with You--Mr. Big
9 Ain't it Heavy--Melissa Etheridge
10 Sinking Like a Sunset--Tom Cochrane

Singles entering the chart were Why by Annie Lennox (#77); A Horse in the Country by Cowboy Junkies (#81); Under the Bridge by Red Hot Chili Peppers (#89); Goodbye by World on Edge (#91); River of Life by Stan Meissner (#93); It's Over Now by L.A. Guns (#97); Take Time by Chris Walker (#98); and Damn I Wish I was Your Lover by Sophie B. Hawkins (#99).

Died on this date
Bob Hazle, 61
. U.S. baseball player. "Hurricane" Hazle was an outfielder with the Cincinnati Redlegs (1955); Milwaukee Braves (1957-1958); and Detroit Tigers (1958), batting .310 with 9 home runs and 37 runs batted in in 110 games. He was best known for helping the Braves win the National League pennant in 1957, when he was called up from the Wichita Braves of the American Association in August, and batted .403 with 7 homers and 27 RBIs in 41 games. Mr. Hazle batted .154 (2 for 13) in 4 games in that year's World Series, getting both of his hits in the seventh game as the Braves defeated the New York Yankees 5-0 to win the Series 4 games to 3. In 9 years in the minor leagues from 1950-1960, Mr. Hazle batted .287 with 79 home runs in 1,033 games.

Brian MacLeod, 39. Canadian musician. Mr. MacLeod was a member of the rock groups Chilliwack and Headpins in the 1980s.

Yutaka Ozaki, 26. Japanese musician. Mr. Ozaki was a pianist, guitarist, and singer-songwriter who was one of Japan's most popular recording artists from 1983 until his death, which occurred shortly after being found naked, drunk and unconscious in a Tokyo alleyway. Conspiracy theories abound.

World events
Islamic forces took over most of Kabul after the previously Soviet-controlled Afghan government collapsed.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 1 @ Hartford 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Boston 5 @ Buffalo 4 (OT) (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-1)
New York Rangers 3 @ New Jersey 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Washington 7 @ Pittsburgh 2 (Washington led best-of-seven series 3-1)

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Warum?--Tic Tac Toe (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Bailando--Paradisio

At the movies
Romy and Michele's High School Reunion, starring Mira Sorvino, Lisa Kudrow, and Janeane Garofalo, opened in theatres.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Ottawa 4 @ Buffalo 1 (Ottawa led best-of-seven series 3-2)
New York Rangers 3 @ Florida 2 (OT) (New York won best-of-seven series 4-1)
St. Louis 2 @ Detroit 5 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Edmonton 1 @ Dallas 0 (2 OT) (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-2)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Bobby Pickett, 69
. U.S. singer. Mr. Pickett, who recorded as Bobby (Boris) Pickett, was known for his imitation of the voice of actor Boris Karloff on the hit single Monster Mash, which reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in October 1962, and became a perennial Halloween favourite. Mr. Pickett died of leukemia.

Religion
The funeral of former Russian President Boris Yeltsin was the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.

Business
The oil company Shell Canada was delisted after 45 years on the Toronto Stock Exchange. Royal Dutch Shell bought out the minority shareholders for $8.7-billion, and folded Shell Canada.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 2 @ Buffalo 5 (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Vancouver 1 @ Anaheim 5 (Anaheim led best-of-seven series 1-0)