Sunday, 23 April 2017

April 23, 2017

800 years ago
1217


Died on this date
Inge II, 31 or 32
. King of Norway, 1204-1217. Inge II was elected King by the rebellious birkebeiner faction after infant King Guttorm died without any relatives to succeed him. After Erling, King of the rival bagler faction, died in 1206, a civil war ensued, which ended in a peace treaty in 1208. Inge II died of an illness and was succeeded on the throne by Haakon IV.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Johannes Fibiger
. Danish physician and pathologist. Dr. Fibiger was awarded the 1926 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his discovery of the Spiroptera carcinoma," which reportedly caused cancer in mice and rats. This result was later disproven. Dr. Fibiger died on January 30, 1928 at the age of 60.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Tony Lupien
. U.S. baseball player and coach. Mr. Lupien was a first baseman with the Boston Red Sox (1940-1943); Philadelphia Blue Jays (1944-1945) and Chicago White Sox (1948), batting .268 with 18 home runs and 230 runs batted in in 614 games. He played for the Hollywood Stars of the Pacific Coast League in 1946-1947, winning the league's Most Valuable Player award for 1947, when he hit .341 with 21 home runs and 110 RBIs. Mr. Lupien was the baseball coach at Dartmouth College from 1956-1976, compiling a record of 313-305. He died on July 9, 2004 at the age of 87.

75 years ago
1942


War
German bombers hit Exeter, Bath and York, England in retaliation for the British raid on Lübeck in March. The U.S.S.R. news agency Tass reported that an American plane had landed in Siberia on April 18, the day four Japanese cities had been bombed, and that the crew had been interned "in accordance with international law."

Abominations
The New York Times reported that 1,100 Norwegian teachers who refused to join the teachers' association created by Minister President Vidkun Quisling were being sent to labour camps.

Religion
Most Rev. William Temple was installed as the 95th Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate of All England at Canterbury Cathedral.

Economics and finance
The U.S.A. and Peru reached an agreement in Washington whereby the United States would advance a $1,125,000 credit for an increase in Peruvian rubber production; establish a $25-million credit for Peruvian public works; and agree to buy all surplus Peruvian rubber for five years.

Labour
A U.S. federal grand jury in Illinois acquitted Toledo, Peoria & Western Railroad President George McNair and two other officials of violating the National Railway Labor Act by coercing union employees.

70 years ago
1947


Literature
Why They Behave Like Russians, a study of the Soviet Union by John Fischer, was published by Harpers.

Americana
The U.S. Senate passed a bill changing the name of Colorado's Boulder Dam to Hoover Dam in honour of former President Herbert Hoover.

Abominations
Hans Biebow, chief of German Nazi administration of the Łódź Ghetto in occupied Poland during World War II, went on trial in Łódź for crimes against humanity.

War
U.S. War Secretary Robert Patterson ordered the elimination of the distinction between officers and enlisted men on national cemetery grave markers.

A. U.S. federal court in New York sentenced multimillionaire international financier Serge Rubinstein to 2 1/2 years in prison and a $50,000 fine for draft evasion during World War II.

Politics and government
Chinese Premier Chang Chun announced his new cabinet, taking 16 of its 26 members from the governing Kuomintang.

Economics and finance
At the Moscow conference of foreign ministers, the "Big Four" nations (U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., France) agreed to devalue the German reichsmark, cancelling most of the currency now in circulation.

The International Wheat Conference ended a five-week session in London without an agreement after the United Kingdom rejected a five-year stabilization plan.

Labour
United Steel Workers of America President Philip Murray promised "peace in the industry for two years" as he signed a contract with U.S. Steel providing for a 12 1/2c hourly wage increase plus a 2 1/2c hourly increase in fringe benefits.

The Iowa state legislature passed a law banning closed shops, union shops, and dues checkoffs.

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Heinz Studio 57
Tonight's episode: It's a Small World, starring Barbara Billingsley, Casey Adams, Jerry Mathers, and Paul Sullivan

This served as the pilot for the series Leave it to Beaver (1957-1963).



Robert Strom, 10, a science enthusiast from Bronx, New York, won $192,000--then a record for quiz shows--after successfully completing three rounds on The $64,000 Question on CBS.

Aviation
The United States Air Force disclosed that North American Aviation was building the airframe, and Reaction Motors the liquid-propellant rocket engine, of the experimental X-15 rocket plane, designed to fly faster and higher "than any other manned aircraft ever before has flown."

Politics and government
Chilean President Carlos Ibanez named five new cabinet ministers in order to quell growing unrest as left-wing groups charged police with the destruction of a Communist-owned printing plant during recent riots.

Journalism
U.S. State Secretary John Foster Dulles ured journalists to propose plans under which "a strictly limited number of responsible correspondents" could "go to Communist China on behalf of [the] newsgathering community as a whole."

Economics and finance
South Korean Ambassador to the United States You Chan Yang protested U.S. proposals for modification of her trade policy on China, expressing concern that "some of our allies are going to build up Communist China industrially."

50 years ago
1967


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Soyuz 1 from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, with Vladimir Komarov the sole crewman.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson arrived in West Germany to begin a three-day visit, beginning with the funeral of former West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer.

Politics and government
King Hussein of Jordan appointed former diplomat Saad Jumma as Prime Minister, following elections for the 60-seat Chamber of Deputies which had seen 32 incumbents re-elected, with 5 members of the anti-Hussein Muslim Brotherhood elected.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
San Francisco 117 @ Philadelphia 109 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Rick Barry scored 36 points to lead the Warriors over the 76ers at Philadelphia Arena. Chet Walker led the 76ers with 20 points.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tu mi rubi l'anima--Collage (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Swiss Lady--Pepe Lienhard Band (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Lay Back in the Arms of Someone--Smokie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Don't Leave Me this Way--Thelma Houston

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hotel California--Eagles
2 Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul
3 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
4 I've Got Love on My Mind--Natalie Cole
5 So In to You--Atlanta Rhythm Section
6 Rich Girl--Daryl Hall and John Oates
7 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
8 Lido Shuffle--Boz Scaggs
9 When I Need You--Leo Sayer
10 Tryin' to Love Two--William Bell

Singles entering the chart were Mainstreet by Bob Seger (#77); On the Border by Al Stewart (#78); You and Me by Alice Cooper (#80); Back in the Saddle by Aerosmith (#81); My Best Friend's Wife by Paul Anka (#82); I Just Want to Be Your Everything by Andy Gibb (#86); Spirit in the Night by Manfred Mann's Earth Band (#870; Do You Wanna Make Love by Peter McCann (#92); Hooked on You by Bread (#94); High on Love by Elliott Randall (#97); and Luckenbach, Texas (Back to the Basics of Love) by Waylon Jennings (#98).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul
2 The Things We Do for Love--10 C.C.
3 Dancing Queen--ABBA
4 Don't Leave Me this Way--Thelma Houston
5 So In to You--Atlanta Rhythm Section
6 Hotel California--Eagles
7 I've Got Love on My Mind--Natalie Cole
8 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
9 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
10 Rich Girl--Daryl Hall and John Oates

Singles entering the chart were Once in a Long Time by Christopher Ward (#85); Disco Inferno by the Trammps (#88); Forecast (Heartbreak, Rain and Tears) by Charity Brown (#89); Dreams by Fleetwood Mac (#90); Margaritaville by Jimmy Buffett (#91); Ariel by Dean Friedman (#94); You are on My Mind by Chicago (#95); Got to Give it Up Pt. 1 by Marvin Gaye (#96); Undercover Angel by Alan O'Day (#97); High School Dance by the Sylvers (#98); Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky") by Bill Conti (#99); and That Magic Touch by Angel (#100).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Islanders 3 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Steve Shutt scored the winning goal at 4:07 of the 3rd period as the Canadiens edged the Islanders at the Montreal Forum.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Indianapolis 1 @ Quebec 3 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 1-0)

CHL
Adams Cup
Finals
Tulsa 0 @ Kansas City 3 (Kansas City led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Bill McKenzie posted his second shutout of the playoffs to win the goaltending duel over Bruce Bullock as the Blues blanked the Oilers at Kemper Memorial Arena.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 10 (CKRA)
1 Lean on Me—Club Nouveau
2 Nothing’s Gonna Stop Us Now—Starship
3 Wild Horses—Gino Vannelli
4 Somewhere Out There—Linda Ronstadt and James Ingram
5 Don’t Dream it’s Over—Crowded House
6 Montego Bay—Amazulu
7 I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)—Aretha Franklin and George Michael
8 Let’s Go!—Wang Chung
9 Tonight, Tonight, Tonight--Genesis
10 Bigtime--Expose

On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Period of Adjustment: Autumn 1946

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Toronto 7 @ Detroit 2 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Winnipeg 3 @ Edmonton 5 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-0)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Stay--Shakespears Sister (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Tanka Prasad Acharya, 79 or 80
. Prime Minister of Nepal, 1956-1957. Mr. Acharya was the founding leader of Nepal Praja Parishad (Nepal People's Council). He served as Prime Minister from January 27, 1956-July 26, 1957, when he resigned.

Satyajit Ray, 70. Indian film director and writer. Mr. Ray, probably the most famous director in Bollywood history, was known for such films as Pather Panchali (1955); Aparajito (1956); Apur Sansar (The World of Apu) (1959); and Agantuk (The Stranger) (1991). He was honoured with an Academy Award for lifetime achievement just before his death.

Environment
Canadian Environment Minister Jean Charest announced that 22,000 square kilometres on Baffin Island would be the site of a new national park.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 2 @ Hartford 5 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Boston 3 @ Buffalo 2 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)
New York Rangers 1 @ New Jersey 3 (New Jersey led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Washington 4 @ Pittsburgh 6 (Washington led best-of-seven series 2-1)

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Don't Let Go (Love)--En Vogue (4th week at #1)

Business
Ted England, head trader at Peters & Company, purchased 100 shares of Bell Canada, the last trade ever made on the trading floor of the Toronto Stock Exchange, as the TSE closed its floor after 145 years and moved to computer trading.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Buffalo 0 @ Ottawa 1 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Philadelphia 1 @ Pittsburgh 4 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Florida 2 @ New York Rangers 3 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-1)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Boris Yeltsin, 76
. 1st President of Russia, 1991-1999. Mr. Yeltsin was a Communist and a member of the Politburo before resigning and leading the opposition to President Mikhail Gorbachev. Mr. Yeltsin was chairman of the Russian Supreme Soviet in 1990-1991, and became Russia's first President during the final months of the existence of the Soviet Union. He liberalized the ecoomy, but it was taken over by oligarchs, and Russia suffered severe economic and social problems. Mr. Yeltsin resigned under pressure on December 31, 1999 and was succeeded as President by Vladimir Putin.

Paul Erdman, 74. Canadian-born U.S. economist and author. Dr. Erdman, a native of Stratford, Ontario, was involved with a Swiss bank in the late 1960s, and served time in prison for fraud after the bank collapsed. While serving time, he began writing novels about finance, including The Billion Dollar Sure Thing (1973); The Silver Bears (1974); and The Crash of '79 (1976). Dr. Erdman died of cancer.

David Halberstam, 73. U.S. journalist and author. Mr. Halberstam was with The New York Times as a correspondent in Vietnam when he won a Pulitzer Prize in 1964 for International Reporting. He wrote several books about the Vietnam War, the best known being The Best and the Brightest (1972). Mr. Halberstam wrote several excellent books on sports in his later years, including The Breaks of the Game (1981); Summer of '49 (1989); and October 1964 (1994). He was killed in a car accident in Menlo Park, California, 13 days after his 73rd birthday, while on his way to conduct an interview for a book he was intending to write about the 1958 National Football League championship game.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Dallas 1 @ Vancouver 4 (Vancouver won best-of-seven series 4-3)

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