Saturday, 15 April 2017

April 15, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Harold Riemer and Danielle Wessel!

650 years ago

Born on this date
Henry IV
. King of England, 1399-1413. Henry IV was the grandson of King Edward III and the son of John of Gaunt. Henry deposed his cousin Richard II as King in 1399. Henry IV suffered from various illnesses and died at the age of 48 on March 20, 1413 at the age of 48. He was succeeded on the throne by his eldest child Henry V.

200 years ago

Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc founded the American School for the Deaf, the first American school for deaf students, in Hartford, Connecticut.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Corrie ten Boom
. Dutch author and Holocaust survivor. Miss ten Boom grew up in a family of Bible-believing Christians who loved the Jewish people, and hid them from Nazi persecutors during World War II. She told her story in the book The Hiding Place (1971), which was made into a movie in 1975. Miss ten Boom died on April 15, 1983, her 91st birthday.

The General Electric Company was formed.

110 years ago

More than 3,000 Alberta and British Columbia coal miners began a three-week strike that lasted until May 6.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Hans Conried
. U.S. actor. Mr. Conried was a character actor who provided the voices for various characters in cartoons and radio programs, and played comic roles in numerous movies and television programs. He died on January 5, 1982 at the age of 64, the day after suffering a heart attack.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Gaston Leroux, 58
. French writer. Mr. Leroux was an international correspondent with the Paris newspaper Le Matin, but was best known for novels such as Le mystère de la chambre jaun (The Mystery of the Yellow Room) (1907) and Le Fantôme de l'Opéra (The Phantom of the Opera) (1910).

Torrential rains caused the Mississippi River to break out of its levee system in at least 145 places, beginning the worst flooding in the history of the United States. 15 inches of rain fell on New Orleans in 18 hours.

80 years ago

Trade unions were legalized in Nova Scotia.

Stanley Cup
New York Rangers 0 @ Detroit 3 (Detroit won best-of-five series 3-2)

Earl Robertson earned his second straight shutout and Marty Barry scored the winning goal with 38 seconds remaining in the 1st period at Olympia Stadium as the Red Wings won the Stanley Cup for the second straight season.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Hugh S. Johnson, 60
. U.S. military officer, administrator, and journalist. Brigadier General Johnson was part of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's braintrust, heading the National Recovery Administration from 1933-1934, and was named Time magazine's Man of the Year for 1933. When the NRA was terminated by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1934, Brigadier General Johnson became a syndicated newspaper columnist. He died of pneumonia.

The people of Malta were awarded the George Cross in honour of their continuing defense of their nation against attacks from German and Italian forces. Soviet troops claimed to have broken through German defense lines around Bryansk, 200 miles southwest of Moscow. U.S. bombers attacked the Ploesti oilfields in Romania, causing extensive damage.

The U.S. consulates in Lyon and Marseille urged all Americans in unoccupied France to leave for the United States as soon as possible.

After two months of investigation, the U.S. House of Representatives Naval Affairs Committee reported that the fire that had swept th French liner Normandie on February 9 had been caused by gross carelessness and confusion, not sabotage.

70 years ago

Politics and government
Brazilian President Eurico Gaspar Dutra ordered a six-month suspension of the Young Communist League and directed his attorney general to seek its permanent dissolution in the courts.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities denounced American Youth for Democracy as a Communist "training school for violence," and demanded that colleges and state governors deny it recognition as a student organization.

Economics and finance
U.K. Chancellor of the Exchequer Hugh Dalton presented the House of Commons with a $14-billion anti-inflation budget with a $1-billion revenue surplus for 1947-48.

The U.S. State Department reported that the U.S.S.R. had agreed to negotiate the settlement of $11.1 billion in Lend-Lease aid during World War II.

Donald Gordon resigned as Chairman of the Canadian Prices and Trade Board and returned to the Bank of Canada as Deputy Governor; he was succeeded by Ken Taylor.

American Telephone & Telegraph and the National Federation of Telephone Workers rejected U.S. Labor Secretary Lewis Schwellenbach's offer of federal mediation in the nationwide telephone strike.

American Chemical Society President-elect Charles Thomas reported that the Oak Ridge nuclaer laboratory was producing new atomic isotopes up to one million times faster than formerly could be produced by the cyclotron.

Physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer was named director of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University.

The Missouri Supreme Court collected $2.09 million in fines from 122 fire insurance companies, ending a rate fraud case that had begun in 1922 and involved former Kansas City political boss Tom Pendergast.

Stanley Cup
Montreal 1 @ Toronto 2 (OT) (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Syl Apps scored 16:36 into the 1st overtime period to give the Maple Leafs their win over the Canadiens at Maple Leaf Gardens.

Jackie Robinson, the first Negro in the major leagues since 1884, played his first major league game, batting 0 for 3, but scoring a run in the bottom of the 7th inning when he was safe on an error while making a sacrifice bunt, and scoring the winning run on a double by Pete Reiser as the Dodgers beat the Boston Braves 5-3 before 26,623 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Mr. Robinson made 11 putouts at first base before being relieved by Howie Schultz in the 9th inning. Others making their major league debuts were Brooklyn third baseman Spider Jorgensen (0 for 3 with a base on balls and a run batted in, and 4 assists); Brooklyn pinch runner Marv Rackley; and Boston first baseman Earl Torgeson (0 for 4 with a base on balls and a run, with 10 putouts, an assist, and an error). It was also the first major league game for third base umpire Artie Gore.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to beat the New York Giants 4-3 before 27,203 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Spring training phenom Clint Hartung made his major league debut with the Giants, doubling home Bill Rigney in his first plate appearance, singling and scoring the third New York run, and drawing a base on balls, while making 3 putouts in left field. Ralph LaPointe made his major league debut with the Phillies, playing the 9th inning at shortstop and making an assist. Schoolboy Rowe won the pitchers' duel over Bill Voiselle, with both men pitching complete games.

Hank Greenberg, playing his first National League game after more than a decade with the Detroit Tigers, doubled home Billy Cox with 2 out in the top of the 6th inning to score the game's only run as the Pittsburgh Pirates edged the Chicago Cubs 1-0 before 29,427 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Rip Sewell pitched a 5-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Hank Borowy, who also pitched a 5-hitter. Pittsburgh right fielder Wally Westlake batted 1 for 3 in his first major league game.

Eddie Pellagrini singled to lead off the bottom of the 8th inning and scored on an oufield fly by Bobby Doerr to break a 6-6 tie and lift the Boston Red Sox to a 7-6 win over the Washington Nationals before 30,822 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Nationals had rallied for 4 runs in the top of the 8th to tie the game. Fritz Dorish pitched 1 1/3 scoreless innings of relief to get the win in his first major league game, while Boston right fielder Sam Mele batted 2 for 2 with a double and 2 bases on balls, making 3 putouts in his first major league game.

Phil Marchildon pitched a 6-hitter and hit a single, while Eddie Joost batted 3 for 5 with a double, 2 runs and a run batted in as the Philadelphia Athletics beat the New York Yankees 6-1 before 39,344 fans at Yankee Stadium, spoiling the debut of Bucky Harris as manager of the Yankees. Philadelphia first baseman Ferris Fain batted 1 for 4 with a base on balls, making 10 putouts, in his first major league game. Spud Chandler allowed 8 hits and 6 runs--4 earned--in 6 1/3 innings to take the loss.

Eddie Lopat pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Bob Feller as the Chicago White Sox beat the Cleveland Indians 2-0 before 55,014 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. The winning run scored in the 4th inning when Bob Kennedy led off with a triple and scored on a 1-out error by Cleveland left fielder Pat Seerey. It was the first major league game for third base umpire Ed Hurley.

Vic Wertz, playing his first major league game, doubled to lead off the 2nd inning and scored the first of 5 runs in the inning to help the Detroit Tigers blank the St. Louis Browns 7-0 before 4,242 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Mr. Wertz also singled in 5 at batsand drove in a run, while Hal Newhouser pitched a 4-hitter. Glenn McQuillen of the Browns made an out as a pinch hitter in the 8th inning in the 210th and last game of his 5-year major league career.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Jack Coombs, 74
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Coombs played with the Philadelphia Athletics (1906-1914); Brooklyn Robins (1915-1918); and Detroit Tigers (1920), compiling a record of 158-110 with an earned run average of 2.78 in 354 games, and batting .235 with 4 home runs and 100 runs batted in in 460 games. He was a dominant pitcher from 1910-1912, going 31-9 with a 1.30 ERA and 13 shutouts in 1910 and winning 3 games in that year's World Series win over the Chicago Cubs, and 28-12 in 1911 and 21-10 in 1912. Mr. Coombs was struck by spinal meningitis after the 1912 season, missed almost all of the 1913 and 1914 seasons, and was never as good as he was before. He managed the Philadelphia Phillies at the start of the 1919 season, but was replaced after leading the team to just 18 wins in 62 games. Mr. Coombs had better success as the head coach at Duke University from 1929-1952, winning several championships.

Rube Schauer, 66. Russian-born U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Schauer, born Dimitri Ivanovich Dimitrihoff in Kamenka, played with the New York Giants (1913-1916) and Philadelphia Athletics (1917), compiling a record of 10-29 with an earned run average of 3.35 in 93 games. He was 20-10 with the Superior Red Sox of the Class C Northern League in 1913, and was 21-17 with the Minneapolis Millers of the AA American Association in 1919.

Ernie Padgett, 58. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Padgett was an infielder with the Boston Braves (1923-1925) and Cleveland Indians (1926-1927), batting .266 with 1 home run and 81 runs batted in in 271 games. His only year as a starter was 1924, when he hit .255 with 1 homer and 46 RBIs in 138 games. On October 6, 1923, in his second major league game, Mr. Padgett made the fourth unassisted triple play in major league history and the first in the National League, in a game against the Philadelphia Phillies. Playing shortstop, he caught Walter Holke's line drive, stepped on second base to retire Cotton Tierney, and then tagged outfielder Cliff Lee before he was able to return to first base.

White Rock seceded from Surrey, British Columbia, following a referendum.

Communist Chinese Premier Chou En-lai proposed that China, U.S.A., U.S.S.R., India, Japan, Burma, and Indonesia join in a collective "security pact" to ensure peace in Asia.

Norwegian Prime Minister Einar Gerhardsen told the U.S.S.R. that Norway would continue in North Atlantic Treaty Organization participation in the absence of an international disarmament accord, but stressed his country's "proclaimed intention not to permit the stationing of armed forces of foreign powers on Norwegian territory."

U.S.S.R. President Klimenti Voroshilov assured Communist Chinese leaders in Peking that the Soviet Union supported without qualification the restoration of Taiwan as an integral part of China.

Politics and government
Hussein Fakhri el-Khalidi, the former Jordanian Foreign Minister who was reportedly opposed to Soviet involvement in the Middle East, formed a moderate Jordanian cabinet.

The Cuban government of President Fulgencio Batista restored constitutional guarantees that had been suspended for 45 days following disorders in Havana.

Carl Powis, playing his first major league game, drove in Dick Williams with a sacrifice fly in the top of the 10th inning for the winning run as the Baltimore Orioles edged the Washington Senators 7-6 in the major league season opener before 37,223 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Mr. Powis batted 1 for 5, doubling and scoring in the 5th inning, while making putout and 1 error in right field. Neil Chrisley made his major league debut with the Senators, singling as a pinch hitter in the 10th. Those in attendance included U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower, who threw out the first ball.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Hey Joe--Johnny Hallyday (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Cuore matto--Little Tony (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Let's Spend the Night Together--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): This is My Song--Petula Clark; Harry Secombe (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
2 A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You--The Monkees
3 Happy Together--The Turtles
4 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Mamas and the Papas
5 I Think We're Alone Now--Tommy James and the Shondells
6 This is My Song--Petula Clark
7 Western Union--The Five Americans
8 Bernadette--Four Tops
9 Jimmy Mack--Martha and the Vandellas
10 I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)--Aretha Franklin

Singles entering the chart were Out of Left Field by Percy Sledge (#65); I Love You More than Words Can Say by Otis Redding (#73); Shake a Tail Feather by James and Bobby Purify (#75); My Babe by Ronnie Dove (#81); Little Games by the Yardbirds (#82); Eight Men, Four Women by O.V. Wright (#90); Shake by the British Walkers (#93); The Beat Goes On by Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra (#94); Time Alone Will Tell (Non Pensare A Me) by Jerry Vale (#95); Can't Seem to Make You Mine by the Seeds (#96); I Found a Rainbow by the Swingin' Medallions (#97); Precious Memories by the Romeos (#99); You're Gonna Be Mine by the New Colony Six (#100); and The Jungle by B.B. King (also #100). My Babe was written and produced by Neil Diamond, and its B-side, Put My Mind at Ease, was written by Mr. Diamond and arranged by Ray Stevens; the single was, like all of Mr. Dove's hits, was released on Diamond Records.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You--The Monkees (3rd week at #1)
2 Canada--The Young Canada Singers
3 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Mamas and the Papas
4 This is My Song--Petula Clark
5 Bernadette--Four Tops
6 The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy)--Harpers Bizarre
7 I Think We're Alone Now--Tommy James and the Shondells
8 Beggin'--The 4 Seasons
9 My Cup Runneth Over--Ed Ames
10 There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits

Singles entering the chart were Get Me to the World on Time by the Electric Prunes (#55); The Happening by the Supremes (#71); Looking at a Baby by the Collectors (#78); My Back Pages by the Byrds (#80); That Acapulco Gold by Rainy Daze (#83); Alfie by Dionne Warwick (#84); Why Not Tonight by Jimmy Hughes (#87); Somebody to Love by Jefferson Airplane (#88); Buy for Me the Rain by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band (#89); Postcard from Jamaica by the Sopwith "Camel" (#90); No Time Like the Right Time by the Blues Project (#91); Hip Hug-Her by Booker T. and the M.G.'s (#93); I Can't Make it Anymore by Spyder Turner (#95); Ain't Gonna Rest by the Five Stairsteps (#96); Take Me by Brenda Lee (#97); The Lady Comes from Baltimore by Bobby Darin (#98); Out of Left Field by Percy Sledge (#99); and Why? (Am I Treated So Bad) by the "Cannonball" Adderley Quintet (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)
2 Ups and Downs--Paul Revere and the Raiders
3 Blue's Theme--The Arrows
4 Bernadette--Four Tops
5 No Milk Today/There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits
6 Happy Jack--The Who
7 On a Carousel--The Hollies
8 She's Looking Good--Rodger Collins
9 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
10 His Girl--The Guess Who?

Singles entering the chart were Sweet Soul Music by Arthur Conley (#39); I Could Be So Good to You by Don and the Goodtimes (#45); When I was Young by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#48); Born to Be by Your Side by Brenda Lee (#49); Little Games by the Yardbirds (#50); and Theme for a New Love by Davy Jones (#51).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
2 No Milk Today/There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits
3 Blue's Theme--The Arrows
4 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
5 Bernadette--Four Tops
6 I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)--Aretha Franklin
7 The Happening--The Supremes
8 On a Carousel--The Hollies
9 My Back Pages--The Byrds
10 Animal Crackers (In Cellophane Boxes)--Gene Pitney

Singles entering the chart were Yellow Balloon by the Yellow Balloon (#18); Can't Seem to Make You Mine by the Seeds (#20); Sunshine Girl by the Parade (#25); Little Games by the Yardbirds (#29); and Out of Left Field by Percy Sledge (#30).

Died on this date
Totò, 69
. Italian comedian and actor. Totò, born Antonio Clemente, was probably Italy's most popular comedian of the 20th century. He appeared in 97 movies, but remains largely unknown outside Italy. Totò died after a series of heart attacks.

Stanley Cup
Toronto 4 @ Chicago 2 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Toronto goalie Terry Sawchuk was the star as the Maple Leafs beat the Black Hawks at Chicago Stadium.

Adams Cup
Omaha 4 @ Oklahoma City 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

George Konik scored at 7:12 of the 1st overtime period to give the Knights their win over the Blazers.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Shenandoah--Jan Lindblad (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Les chansons françaises--La Bande à Basile (4th week at #1)

Economics and finance
U.S. President Jimmy Carter revealed his administration's plan to reduce inflation from 6% to 4% by the end of 1979. The plan would rely on overall fiscal and economic policy, and on cooperation from business and labour, rather than on price and wage controls.

Stanley Cup
New York Islanders 4 @ Buffalo 3 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Philadelphia 4 @ Toronto 3 (OT) (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Boston 7 @ Los Angeles 6 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Clark Gillies scored the winning goal 9 seconds into the 3rd period as the Islanders edged the Sabres at War Memorial Auditorium.

The Maple Leafs led the Flyers 3-2 late in the 3rd period at Maple Leaf Gardens, but the Flyers tied the game, and Rick MacLeish scored 2:55 into the 1st overtime period to win the game for Philadelphia.

Stan Jonathan scored with 13 seconds remaining in regulation time to give the Bruins their win over the Kings at the Forum in Inglewood, California.

Avco World Trophy
Edmonton 2 @ Houston 6 (Houston led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Adams Cup
Fort Worth 0 @ Kansas City 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Dallas 2 @ Tulsa 5 (Tulsa led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Greg Luzinski hit a 2-run home run and Steve Carlton pitched a 10-hit complete game an singled in a run as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Montreal Expos 7-2 before 57,592 fans in the first major league game plaeyed at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Montreal right fielder Ellis Valentine hit the stadium's first home run in the 3rd inning. Don Stanhouse started on the mound for Montreal and allowed 2 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 3 runs--all earned--in 2 innings to take the loss. The game was televised across Canada on CBC.

The Chicago Cubs overcame a 4-0 deficit after 6 innings with a run in the 7th inning and 7 in the 8th to beat the New York Mets 8-4 before 6,148 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Reggie Smith drove in 4 runs with a pair of 2-run homers to lead the Los Angeles Dodgers over the San Francisco Giants 7-1 before 37,813 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

The Chicago White Sox gave up 5 runs in the 2nd inning but rallied for 2 runs in the 3rd and 5 in the 6th to beat the Toronto Blue Jays 7-5 before 10,840 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Francisco Barrios allowed 5 hits and 2 bases on balls, but no runs in 7 2/3 innings in relief of starting pitcher Chris Knapp to get the win.

Nolan Ryan allowed only 1 hit--a single by Bob Stinson with 1 out in the 5th inning--and struck out 8 as the California Angels blanked the Seattle Mariners 7-0 before 34,654 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the Voice--John Farnham (2nd week at #1)

A dust bowl effect was created when Edmonton experienced heavy wind in the afternoon.

Juan Nieves pitched a no-hitter to lead the Milwaukee Brewers to a 7-0 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 11,407 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Candy Maldonado's home run with 1 out in the top of the 7th inning was the only run as the San Francisco Giants edged the San Diego Padres 1-0 before 14,616 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. Kelly Downs pitched a 3 hitter, walking just 1 batter and striking out 7, to win the pitchers' duel over Storm Davis, who allowed 4 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): To Be with You--Mr. Big (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Nijinsky, 25
. Canadian-born U.K. racehorse. Nijinsky, a son of 1964 Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Queen's Plate winner Northern Dancer, was bought by an American and shipped to Ireland. He won the English Triple Crown in 1970, becoming the first horse in 35 years to accomplish the feat.

Actors William Shatner (Captain James T. Kirk), Leonard Nimoy (Mr. Spock), and DeForest Kelley (Dr. Leonard 'Bones' McCoy) were inducted into the National Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame in New York for their performances in the television series Star Trek (1966-1969).

New York Islanders' head coach Al Arbour set a National Hockey League record by coaching his 1,438th game.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Brant Parker, 86
. U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Parker and Johnny Hart created the comic strip The Wizard of Id in 1964. Mr. Parker drew the strip until handing the duties to his son Jeff in 1997. Mr. Hart died just eight days before Mr. Parker.

Algoma Steel, based in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, was acquired by India's Essar Global Ltd. for $1.85 billion.

Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Ottawa 4 @ Pittsburgh 2 (Ottawa led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Calgary 1 @ Detroit 3 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Anaheim 2 @ Minnesota 1 (Anaheim led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Vancouver 2 @ Dallas 1 (OT) (Vancouver led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Taylor Pyatt scored 7:47 into the 1st overtime period to give the Canucks their win over the Stars at American Airlines Center.

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