Friday, 14 April 2017

April 14, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Laura O’Leary!

100 years ago

Born on this date
Valerie Hobson
. U.K. actress. Miss Hobson appeared in such movies as Great Expectations (1946); Kind Hearts and Coronets (1949); and The Rocking Horse Winner (1950). She was married to British Defense Secretary John Profumo, whose career ended in a sex scandal in 1963, leading to the downfall of Prime Minister Harold Macmillan and the Conservative government. The marriage of Mr. Profumo and Miss Hobson endured until her death on November 13, 1998 at the age of 81.

Marvin Miller. U.S. economist and labour union executive. Mr. Miller was the principal economic adviser to the United Steelworkers of America in the 1950s and '60. In 1966 he became Executive Director of the Major League Baseball Players Association, and held the position until 1985. Under Mr. Miller's leadership, the players obtained free agency and increasingly high salaries, but also carried on several strikes, the longest of which lasted from June-August 1981, wiping out one-third of the season. Mr. Miller died on November 27, 2012 at the age of 95.

Died on this date
L. L. Zamenhof, 57
. Polish physician and linguist. Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof was best known for creating the language Esperanto in 1873 as a way of creating international understanding and preventing war.

Eddie Cicotte pitched a no-hitter, singled, scored, and drove in 2 runs for the Chicago White Sox as they blanked the St. Louis Browns 11-0 before 10,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The White Sox scored 7 runs in the 2nd inning. It was the first major league game for St. Louis relief pitcher Tom Rogers, who allowed 2 hits, 4 bases on balls, and 4 runs--3 earned--in 7 innings, and the only major league game for Kewpie Pennington, who relieved Mr. Rogers and pitched the 9th inning, allowing 1 hit and no runs.

The Philadelphia Athletics scored 4 runs in the 1st inning, 2 in the 2nd, and 10 in the 7th as they routed the Washington Nationals 16-4 before 10,000 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Third baseman Ray Bates led the Philadelphia attack with 2 triples, a single, a run, and 5 runs batted in.

90 years ago

The first Volvo car, the ÖV 4, was introduced in Gothenburg, Sweden.

75 years ago

On the radio
The opera Solomon and Balkis by Randall Thompson received a radio premiere from Harvard University.

U.S.S.R. forces commanded by Marshal Semyon Timoshenko reportedly smashed a hole 12 miles wide in the German line 25 miles north of Kharkov in Soviet Ukraine. Germany claimed to have sunk two American transports and one tankeer of a convoy in the Arctic Ocean. Heavy fighting on Cebu Island continued between U.S.-Philipppine forces and Japanese troops. Japanese forces occupied Migyaugye--due south of Magwe--on their march toward Burmese oil fields.

World events
Associated Press reported that 30 Axis agents, including reputed Gestapo chief in Mexico Jorge Nicolaus, had been sent to penal islands for internment.

The Iranian government severed relations with Japan and ordered Minister Hikotaro Ichikawa and his staff to leave the country within a week.

Politics and government
Pierre Laval, France's leading pro-Nazi collaborationist politician, was reinstated in the Vichy French government by Prime Minister Marshal Philippe Petain and Admiral Francois Darlan.

The magazine Social Justice, founded and formerly edited by Roman Catholic priest and radio broadcaster Rev. Charles Coughlin, was barred from the mails in the United States on charges of violating the Espionage Act of 1917 by attacking the national war effort along lines closely parallelling Axiz propaganda.

U.S. Special Assistant Attorney General John Lewin charged that a prewar monopolistic patent-pooling arrangement between General Electric and Krupp Works was responsible for the current shortage of tungsten in the United States.

Stanley Cup
Detroit 3 @ Toronto 9 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Don Metz scored 3 goals and 2 assists and his brother Nick added another goal as the Maple Leafs routed the Red Wings at Olympia Stadium.

70 years ago

Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Anniversary Song--Al Jolson (5th week at #1)
--Dinah Shore
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Andy Russell
2 Heartaches--Ted Weems and his Orchestra
--Harry James and his Orchestra
3 Guilty--Margaret Whiting
--Johnny Desmond
4 Managua, Nicaragua--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
5 Linda--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
6 How are Things in Glocca Morra--Dick Haymes
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Buddy Clark
--Martha Tilton
7 I'll Close My Eyes--Andy Russell
--Johnny Desmond
8 Sonata--Perry Como
--Jo Stafford
9 (I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons--King Cole Trio
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
10 Jalousie (Jealousy)--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Billy Butterfield and his Orchestra
--Herbie Fields and his Orchestra

The only single entering the chart was My Adobe Hacienda by Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (#15).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Carpathian Horror

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight`s episode: Murder in Mexico

U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall presented the Moscow foreign ministers conference with a U.S. proposal for a four-power treaty to guard against German rearmament, but U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov countered with numerous controversial amendments, including four-power control of the Ruhr.

Warning that U.S. aid to refugees "cannot continue indefinitely," General Lucius Clay of the U.S. military government in Germany offered a 60-day ration supply to all displaced persons in the American zone who volunteered to return to their homes. He also announced that "new applicants" to U.S. refugee camps would be barred after April 21.

Archibald MacLeish resigned as U.S. representative on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization executive council, criticizing the organization for substituting "broad generalizations for specific actions" in its programs. He was replaced by Milton Eisenhower, president of Kansas State College.

The United States surrendered control of all air bases used in Brazil during World War II.

Politics and government
Former French President Charles de Gaulle announced in Paris that he would lead a new party founded by his followers: the Reunion of the French People.

U.S. Navy Admiral Richard Byrd, returning to Washington from his Antarctic expedition, reported that Antarctica had large coal deposits and could be used to store world food supplies, but doubted its military value.

Segregation of children of Mexican descent in southern California schools was ruled unconstitutional by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Selective Service Act did not guarantee a veteran's work seniority after he had been back on the job for more than one year.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Vicious Circle, starring Dick York, Kathleen Maguire, and George Macready

Japanese envoy Masatoshi Matsushima had an audience with Pope Pius XII, where he presented the pope with requests for a halt to British H-bomb tests planned for Christmas Island. Pope Pius then reconfirmed his opposition to the atomic arms race and nuclear weapons experiments.

Politics and government
King Hussein of Jordan emerged triumphant in the country's power struggle, ordering the ouster and deportation of pro-Egyptian Army Chief of Staff General Ali Abu Nuwar, following clashes near Zerqa and Ajlun between pro-Nuwar and pro-Hussein troops.

14 people were killed when their truck overturned and plunged into an abyss near Bezerras, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Stanley Cup
Montreal 0 @ Boston 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Fleming Mackell scored both goals and Don Simmons won the goaltending duel over Jacques Plante as the Bruins averted elimination by the Canadiens at Boston Garden.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Hey! Baby--The La De Das

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You--The Monkees
2 There's a Kind of Hush/No Milk Today--Herman's Hermits
3 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Mamas and the Papas
4 Western Union--The Five Americans
5 Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
6 Diamonds and Gold--Willie and the Walkers
7 Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles
8 Morningtown Ride--The Seekers
9 A Woman in Love--Bobby Scott
10 Baby I Need Your Lovin'--Johnny Rivers
Pick hit of the week: Easy Come, Easy Go--Elvis Presley
New this week: Portrait of My Love--The Tokens
I was Kaiser Bill's Batman--Whistling Jack Smith
Why--"Cannonball" Adderley Quintet
My Back Pages--The Byrds
Cloudy--The Liverpool Five

World events
Lieutenant Colonel Étienne (later Gnassingbé) Eyadéma led a military coup that overthrew Togolese President Nicolas Grunitzky and installed himself as the new President of Togo and Minister of National Defense, titles he would hold for the next 38 years, until his death on February 5, 2005.

The Organization of American States presidents conference concluded in Punta del Este, Uruguay. U.S. President Lyndon Johnson was among those in attendance.

Politics and government
A new government took office in Hungary, with Pal Losonczi as President and Jeno Fock as Premier.

Adams Cup
Oklahoma City 3 @ Omaha 2 (OT) (Oklahoma City led best-of-seven series 1-0)

J.-P. Parise scored 1:38 into the 1st overtime period to give the Blazers their win over the Knights.

San Francisco 135 @ Philadelphia 141 (OT) (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Hal Greer scored 32 points and Wali Jones added 30 as the 76ers defeated the Warriors at Philadelphia Arena in the first finals game since 1956 in which the Boston Celtics didn't play. The 76ers outscored the Celtics 13-7 in overtime. San Francisco's Rick Barry led all scorers with 37 points. The Warriors limited Philadelphia's Wilt Chamberlain to 16 points.

40 years ago

The U.S.S.R. reaffirmed its rejection of two U.S. strategic arms control proposals and said that they could not ever form the basis for further discussions. The Soviet newspaper Pravda opposed the proposal by the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter that put no limits on cruise missiles, while the previous administration of President Gerald Ford had been willing to put limits on cruise missiles with a range of 360 miles or more. The other new U.S. proposal would limit only cruise missiles with a range greater than 1,500 miles. The article contended that the U.S., with its "forward-based nuclear systems" on land and sea near the Soviet Union, would benefit unfairly from the Carter plans.

Avco World Trophy
Quebec 4 @ New England 3 (OT) (Quebec led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Cincinnati 3 @ Indianapolis 5 (Indianapolis led best-of-seven series 3-0)

30 years ago

Died on this date
Julius Sumner Miller, 77
. U.S. physicist and television personality. Dr. Miller was best known for his appearances on children's television programs in the United States, Australia, Canada, and other countries. He liked to use the phrase "Why is it so?" as he conducted physics experiments.

Stanley Cup
Quebec 7 @ Hartford 5 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 3-2)
New York Rangers 1 @ Philadelphia 3 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)
New York Islanders 4 @ Washington 2 (Washington led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Toronto 2 @ St. Louis 1 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Winnipeg 3 @ Calgary 4 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Los Angeles 4 @ Edmonton 5 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-1)

The Supreme Court of Canada, citing new evidence, ruled unanimously that David Milgaard's 1970 murder conviction in the death of Saskatoon nursing aide Gail Miller should be quashed, and recommended a new trial. The Saskatchewan government set Mr. Milgaard free two days later, but decided not to have another trial, nor offer compensation, since the Supreme Court did not rule if he was innocent or a victim of a miscarriage of justice. Larry Fisher was convicted of the murder in 1999.

20 years ago

Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 One Headlight--The Wallflowers (3rd week at #1)
2 Falling in Love (Is Hard on the Knees)--Aerosmith
3 You were Meant for Me--Jewel
4 Lovefool--The Cardigans
5 Precious Declaration--Collective Soul
6 A Long December--Counting Crows
7 Every Day is a Winding Road--Sheryl Crow
8 Abuse Me--Silverchair
9 Staring at the Sun--U2
10 Dark Horse--Amanda Marshall

Singles entering the chart were Too Late, Too Soon by Jon Secada (#90); Mmmbop by Hanson (#91); Push by Matchbox 20 (#92); The Freshmen by Verve Pipe (#97); Horo Ghoid Thu Nighean by Mary Jane Lamond (#98); Automatic by Chris Whitley (#99); and Santeria by Sublime (#100).

Québec City lawyer Guy Bertrand placed his petition asking for a ruling on the legality of Québec separation from Canada before the Supreme Court of Canada.

10 years ago

Died on this date
June Callwood, 82
. Canadian journalist and activist. Ms. Callwood, a native of Chatham, Ontario, was known for her articles and books on issues of social justice, especially regarding women and children. She was married to sportswriter Trent Frayne from 1944 until her death from cancer.

Don Ho, 76. U.S. musician. Mr. Ho, a singer, pianist, and ukulele player, was a native of Honolulu, and was Hawaii's most commercially successful entertainer from the 1960s until his death from heart failure. He was best known for the hit single and album Tiny Bubbles (1966).

Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
New York Islanders 3 @ Buffalo 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Tampa Bay 3 @ New Jersey 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
New York Rangers 2 @ Atlanta 1 (New York led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Pittsburgh 4 @ Ottawa 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

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