Sunday, 30 April 2017

April 30, 2017

1,375 years ago
642


Politics and government
Visigothic nobles elected, and bishops anointed, Chindasuinth as King of Hispania.

525 years ago
1492


Exploration
Spain gave Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.

125 years ago
1892


Academia
St. Anne's College in Church Point, Nova Scotia was given a university charter.

120 years ago
1897


Science
J. J. Thomson of the Cavendish Laboratory delivered a lecture to the Royal Institution in London where he announced his discovery of the electron as a subatomic particle, over 1,800 times smaller than a proton.

110 years ago
1907


Americana
Honolulu became an independent city.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Bea Wain!
The U.S. singer, born Beatrice Weinsier, sang with Larry Clinton's band in the late 1930s before embarking on a solo career, with hits such as Cry, Baby Cry; Deep Purple; Heart and Soul; and My Reverie.

90 years ago
1927


Americana
The Federal Industrial Institute for Women opened in Alderson, West Virginia, as the first federal prison for women in the United States.

Popular culture
Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford became the first celebrities to leave their footprints in concrete at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood.

80 years ago
1937


Abominations
The Commonwealth of the Philippines held a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% voted in the affirmative.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): In the Mood--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra; Joe Loss and his Orchestra (4th month at #1)

War
Japanese troops captured the Burma Road terminus of Lashio and the railroad town of Hsipaw.

Diplomacy
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and Itaian Duce Benito Mussolini, meeting for the seventh time, concluded two days of conferences at Castle Fuschl near Salzburg, Austria.

Politics and government
C.J. Rajagopalanchari, leader of the Madras sector of the All-India Congress Party, resigned from the party's working committee in a dispute over recognition of Muslim separatist claims.

Chess
Isaac Kashdan and U.S. champion Samuel Reshevsy tied for first place in the U.S. Chess Federation Championship match in New York.

Disasters
Four tornadoes in as many days killed 89 people in Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, and Colorado.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): To Each His Own--The Ink Spots; Freddy Martin and his Orchestra

Literature
The western novel The Big Sky by A.B. Guthrie was published by William Sloane Associates.

Abominations
Hans Biebow, chief of Nazi administration of the Łódź Ghetto in occupied Poland during World War II, was convicted in Łódź of crimes against humanity.

Crime
Colonel Jack Durant was convicted by a U.S. Army court martial in Frankfurt, Germany of the theft of the $1.5-million Hesse family jewels; he was sentenced to 15 years in prison and dismissal from the Army.

Politics and government
A group of Democrats from Georgia, headed by Governor Melvin Thompson, set up an orgainizaing committee opposed to former Governor Herman Talmadge, promising to support U.S. President Harry Truman as the party's presidential candidate in 1948.

Science
University of Pennsylvania Vice President Alfred Ricards was elected President of the National Academy of Sciences.

Academia
Harvard University's Faculty of Arts and Sciences voted to make the university co-educational by admitting female students from Radcliffe College.

Economics and finance
The Bank of England issued the first annual report in its 235-year history, revealing that deposits had grown by $364 million since nationalization in 1946.

The Argentine Congress voted to give President Juan Peron summary powers to reduce living costs by decree.

U.S.S.R. Ambassador to the United States Nikolai Novikov and U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Willard Thorp began negotiations in Washington for settlement of the Soviet Union's $11-billion Lend-Lease account.

Labour
The United Steel Workers of America signed contracts with Bethlehem, Republic, and Crucible Steel, and Colorado Fuel and Iron Company containing the U.S. Steel settlement of a 12 1/2c hourly wage increase plus increased fringe benefits.

Energy
The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission offered heavy water for research purposes at $15 per ounce.

60 years ago
1957


Politics and government
The Singaporean Legislative Assembly approved a British agreement to grant the colony self-government under a constitution, but rejected a provision that subversives be banned from taking part in the state's first election.

Argentine President Pedro Aramburu ordered the release--under a May Day amnesty--of 200 civil service workers who had been jailed for striking.

Law
The Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, signed in Geneva on September 7, 1956, went into force.

Society
1,040 refugees, the last of 190,327 to come to the United States under the Refugee Relief Act of 1953, arrived in New York.

Religion
Southern Presbyterian delegates to the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church U.S.A. passed a report upholding racial segregation in public schools.

Health
California Institute of Technology chemist Linus Pauling said that 10,000 people were dying or had died of leukemia throughout the world as a result of nuclear weapons tests. He warned that planned British tests would result in 1,000 additional cases of leukemia.

50 years ago
1967


Baseball
Steve Barber pitched a no-hitter for 8 2/3 innings, but three bases on balls, a wild pitch and an error allowed the Detroit Tigers to score 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning and edge the Orioles 2-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 26,884 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Detroit starting pitcher Earl Wilson allowed only 2 hits in 8 innings, and the Orioles scored their only run in the bottom of the 8th on 3 bases on balls, a sacrifice bunt, and a sacrifice fly. Mr. Barber began the 9th inning by walking Norm Cash and Ray Oyler. Mr. Wilson's sacrifice bunt advanced pinch runner Dick Tracewski to third base and Mr. Oyler to second, at which point Jake Wood ran for Mr. Oyler. Willie Horton popped up for the second out, but Mr. Barber then threw a wild pitch, scoring Mr. Tracewski and sending Mr. Wood to third. Mickey Stanley walked, and Stu Miller relieved Mr. Barber. Don Wert then grounded to shortstop Luis Aparicio, who threw to second baseman Mark Belanger for what should have been the third out. However, Mr. Belanger dropped the ball, allowing Mr. Wood to score. Fred Gladding took the mound for Detroit in the bottom of the 9th and retired the Orioles in order to end the game, with the Tigers still hitless. The Tigers scored all their runs in the 5th inning to win the second game 6-4 to complete the sweep.

Danny Cater's home run leading off the 2nd inning was the only run as the Kansas City Athletics edged the Boston Red Sox 1-0 before 31,450 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Jim Nash pitched a 5-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Darrell Brandon, who allowed 5 hits in 8 innings.

Mickey Mantle hit a 3-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the New York Yankees a 4-1 win over the California Angels in the first game of a doubleheader before 47,980 fans at Yankee Stadium. Whitey Ford, in one of his last games, allowed 8 hits and 1 unearned run in 7 innings on the mound for New York. The Angels won the second game 4-2. Lu Clinton drew an intentional walk as a pinch hitter for the Yankees in the first game, and played the 9th inning in left field in the second game, which was the 691st and last game of his 8-year major league career.

Cesar Tovar's single with 2 out in the top of the 6th inning was the only hit off Barry Moore as he pitched a shutout, allowing just 2 bases on balls as the Washington Senators blanked the Minnesota Twins 3-0 to complete a sweep of their doubleheader before 18,555 fans at District of Columbia Stadium. The Senators scored 5 runs in the 5th inning as they won the first game 7-3, with Camilo Pascual getting his first win of the season. Dwight Siebler pitched the last 2 innings of the first game for Minnesota, allowing 3 hits, a base on balls, and an earned run in the 48th and last game of his 5-year major league career.

Leon Wagner's solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning gave the Cleveland Indians a 2-0 lead as they held on to defeat the Chicago White Sox 2-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 9,336 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Tom McCraw homered to lead off the bottom of the 9th, but the next three batters were retired in order by Gary Bell, who pitched a 7-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Bruce Howard. Tommie Agee drove in 2 runs and Hoyt Wilhelm pitched 4 innings of scoreless relief as the White Sox won the second game 4-2.

Pinch hitter Gary Sutherland doubled home 2 runs as the Philadelphia Phillies rallied for 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Atlanta Braves 6-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 27,644 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Philadelphia starting pitcher Jim Bunning, who opened the scoring with a solo home run in the 5th inning, allowed the Braves to score all their runs in the 6th inning on homers by Felipe Alou, Joe Torre, and Rico Carty. Mr. Alou homered and doubled in the second game and Hank Aaron also homered to help the Braves win 6-3. Former Braves' pitcher Bob Buhl entered the game for the Phillies in relief of starter Rick Wise with 1 out in the 5th inning and allowed a single and a base on balls before getting the final out. Mr. Buhl then surrendered consecutive home runs to Messrs. Alou and Aaron to begin the 6th inning, at which point he was relieved by Ruben Gomez. It was the 457th and last game of Mr. Buhl's 15-year major league career.

Ron Swoboda's home run leading off the 2nd inning was the winning run as the New York Mets defeated the Cincinnati Reds 2-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 14,360 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Don Cardwell pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Billy McCool, who allowed just 2 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings. Gary Nolan pitched an 8-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Tom Seaver, who allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in 6 innings, as the Reds won the second game 3-2.

Juan Pizarro pitched a 4-hitter and struck out 8 batters as the Pittsburgh Pirates blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 2-0 before 20,017 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Pittsburgh catcher Jerry May singled home Bill Mazeroski with the game's first run in the 2nd inning, and hit a home run to lead off the 5th.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tu mi rubi l'anima--Collage (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Swiss Lady--Pepe Lienhard Band (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): My Broken Souvenirs--Pussycat

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Southern Nights--Glen Campbell

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
2 Hotel California--Eagles
3 I've Got Love on My Mind--Natalie Cole
4 When I Need You--Leo Sayer
5 So In to You--Atlanta Rhythm Section
6 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
7 Lido Shuffle--Boz Scaggs
8 Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul
9 Tryin' to Love Two--William Bell
10 I'm Your Boogie Man--K.C. and the Sunshine Band

Singles entering the chart were Jet Airliner by the Steve Miller Band (#58); Going in with My Eyes Open by David Soul (#86); You're My World by Helen Reddy (#87); Hollywood by Rufus featuring Chaka Khan (#89); Hold Back the Night by Graham Parker and the Rumour (#95); and My Wheels Won't Turn by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Hotel California--Eagles
2 Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul
3 So In to You--Atlanta Rhythm Section
4 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
5 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
6 I've Got Love on My Mind--Natalie Cole
7 When I Need You--Leo Sayer
8 The Things We Do for Love--10 C.C.
9 Lido Shuffle--Boz Scaggs
10 Dancing Queen--ABBA

Singles entering the chart were It Always Happens this Way by Toulouse (#87); My Wheels Won't Turn by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#88); Arrested for Driving While Blind by ZZ Top (#95); Hooked on You by Bread (#96); Everybody Be Dancin' by Starbuck (#97); and Whatcha Gonna Do? by Pablo Cruise (#98).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Montreal 4 @ New York Islanders 0 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Steve Shutt's goal just 1:04 into the game was the winner as the Canadiens blanked the Islanders at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale, with Ken Dryden posting his second shutout of the series.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Quebec 0 @ Indianapolis 2 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Houston 3 @ Winnipeg 4 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 2-1)

30 years ago
1987


On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Speaking Out: Spring 1963

Music
This blogger attended an enjoyable concert by the Beach Boys at Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton, with the Terry Crawford Band as opening act. I paid $20.50 for my ticket.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the 10 provincial premiers agreed on a constitutional draft called the Meech Lake Accord, to enable Québec to join the constitutional fold by meeting its five conditions, including recognizing Québec as a distinct society. The accord received unanimous agreement on June 2 and June 3 in Ottawa, but needed to be ratified by Parliament and all provincial legislatures by June 23, 1990 to become law.

Economics and finance
The United States House of Representatives passed a bill requiring the president to retaliate against countries that did not open their markets to U.S. products.

The U.S.A. announced that the U.S.S.R. had agreed to buy four million metric tons of subsidized wheat, valued at $375 million, in the largest sale ever of subsidized wheat to one country.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Montreal 2 @ Quebec 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Philadelphia 2 @ New York Islanders 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Deeply Dippy--Right Said Fred

Abominations
The riots in Los Angeles that had begun the previous day after four white policemen had been acquitted of beating Negro criminal Rodney King spread from the city’s South-Central area to the Koreatown area. Other riots were reported in San Francisco, Atlanta, Seattle, and Miami. Two people were killed in Las Vegas, while 1,100 were arrested in San Francisco.

Economics and finance
Bankruptcies in Canada in March 1992 totalled a record 7,057.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Minnesota 2 @ Detroit 5 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Winnipeg 0 @ Vancouver 5 (Vancouver won best-of-seven series 4-3)

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Blood on the Dance Floor--Michael Jackson

10 years ago
2007


Canadiana
Prince Andrew arrived in Halifax to begin a royal visit; he also visited Toronto and Cambridge, Ontario.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Semi-Finals
New Jersey 0 @ Ottawa 2 (Ottawa led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Detroit 1 @ San Jose 2 (San Jose led best-of-seven series 2-1)

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