Tuesday, 11 April 2017

April 11, 2017

1,800 years ago

Politics and government
Three days after the assassination of Emperor Caracalla, Macrinus, with the support of the Roman army, declared himself Emperor.

110 years ago

New York Giants' catcher Roger Bresnahan, his legs bruised by foul tips, wore a set of cricket leg pants against the Philadelphia Phillies, becoming the first catcher to don shin guards. The season-opening game at the Polo Grounds in New York was forfeited to the Phillies 3-0. Despite one manager's complaint that they posed a danger to sliding runners, baseball owners approved shin guards as standard issue.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Danny Gallivan
. Canadian sportscaster. Mr. Gallivan, a native of Sydney, Nova Scotia, was the voice of the Montreal Canadiens on Hockey Night in Canada from 1952-1984, and is fondly remembered as one of of the best--maybe the best--play-by-play broadcasters in hockey history. His colourful use of the English language included such descriptions as "There is, cascading and emanating from the benches and pews occupied by Canadiens' supporters, a groundswell of discontent." Mr. Gallivan was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1984 and the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in 1989; he died on February 24, 1993 at the age of 75.

90 years ago

Stanley Cup
Boston 1 @ Ottawa 1 (Ottawa led best-of-three series 1-0)

Jimmy "Sailor" Herbert opened the scoring for the Bruins at 7:14 of the 1st period, but the Senators tied the game with 4:45 remaining in the 2nd period when King Clancy passed to Cy Denneny, who scored. Boston goalie Tiny Thompson and Ottawa goalie Alex Connell didn't allow any further scoring through the 3rd period and two 10-minute overtime periods at Ottawa Auditorium, which was all the overtime that National Hockey League President Frank Calder would allow. After the first game had ended in a tie, Mr. Calder had ruled that the series would go a maximum of five games, and that the teams would share the championship if they were still tied at that point.

80 years ago

Stanley Cup
New York Rangers 1 @ Detroit 0 (New York led best-of-five series 2-1)

Dave Kerr won the goaltending duel over Earl Robertson as the Rangers edged the Red Wings at Olympia Stadium.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Moonlight Cocktail--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)

U.K. Royal Air Force bombers inflicted heavy damage on the Ruhr and Le Havre. About 12,000 Japanese troops landed on Cebu Island in the Philippines and established beachheads at Cebu City, Toledo, Argao, Pinamungajan, Naga, and Talisay.

U.K. Lord Privy Seal Sir Stafford Cripps announced in New Delhi that both the All-India Congress Party and Moslem League had rejected the British plan for postwar India. Sir Stafford had been sent to India by Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Secretary of State for India Leo Amery to secure India's full cooperation in the war effort.

Politics and government
The Bulgarian cabinet resigned when the majority of its members refused to approve the war program of German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler.

World events
Argentine acting President Ramon Castillo signed a decree ordering 27 citizens to be exiled or interned and 32 aliens to be exiled as "Communist agitators."

The U.S. War Department announced that 25% of the nation's 340 domestic airliners would be taken over by the Army Air Force to transport supplies and personnel.

Economics and finance
The U.S. War Production Board ordered all production of medium and heavy trucks for civilian use halved after existing orders had been completed.

Judge Vincent Lebell, in U.S. District Court in New York, directed one former and seven present executives of General Motors, including Chairman of the Botad Alfred P. Sloan, Jr. to repay $4,348,044 plus interest charges estimated at over $2 million to the company, after ruling that they had managed the corporation's bonus funds improperly.

70 years ago

At the movies
Monsieur Verdoux, produced, directed, written, scored by, and starring Charlie Chaplin, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Asher Eskovitch
. Israeli crime victim. Mr. Eskovitch, a Jew, was beaten to death by Muslims as he entered the Mosque of Omar in Jerusalem.

The U.S. State Department announced that 239 Japanese surface warships in American custody would be divided equally among the U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., and China.

University of Chicago researchers reported that toludine blue, a commercial dye, counteracted the destruction of blood corpuscles resulting from exposure to radioactivity.

60 years ago

Politics and government
Chief Minister of Singapore Lim Yew Hock and U.K. Secretary of State for the Colonies Alan Lennox-Boyd signed an agreement for a new constitution granting self-government to Singapore, to take effect after January 1, 1958.

King Hussein of Jordan named Hussein Fakgri el-Khalidi, moderate former Foreign Minister, as Prime Minister, replacing Suleiman Nabulsi, whose government had resigned the previous day, following reports of increasing disorders and infiltration of the Army by pro-Soviet elements. Mr. Khalidi, opposed by the "National Front" of parties in Mr. Nabulsi's cabinet, declined the appointment.

Stanley Cup
Montreal 4 @ Boston 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion scored 2 goals to lead the Canadiens over the Bruins at Boston Garden.

Boston 94 @ St. Louis 96 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Bob Pettit scored 32 points to lead the Hawks as they edged the Lakers at St. Louis Arena. Tom Heinsohn led the Celtics with 28 points.

50 years ago

On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Shattered Silence, with guest stars Laurence Naismith and Antoinette Bower

The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Panic

Died on this date
Donald Sangster, 55
. Prime Minister of Jamaica, 1967. Sir Donald, a member of the Labour Party, held several cabinet posts and was deputy--and acting--Prime Minister under Sir Alexander Bustamante before succeeding him as Prime Minister on February 23, 1967. Sir Donald was on a visit to Montreal when he died of a brain hemorrhage; he was succeeded as Prime Minister by Hugh Shearer.

Politics and government
Rev. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (Democrat-New York) won a special election to fill the vacancy in the United States House of Representatives resulting from his own exclusion. Rev. Powell, a member of the House since 1945, and Representative for New York's 18th District since 1963, was facing accusations of unethical conduct, and on March 1, 1967, the House had voted 307-116 to exclude him. Rev. Powell didn't take his seat after the special election, as he was filing a separate suit to retain the seat.

Canadian federal civil servant Bower Featherstone was convicted under the Official Secrets Act of acquiring confidential naval charts; he was sentenced on April 24 to 2 1/2 years in prison.

Joe Frazier (15-0) scored a technical knockout of Jefferson Davis (29-12-1) at 48 seconds of the 5th round of a heavyweight bout at Miami Beach Auditorium in Miami Beach, Florida.

Stanley Cup
Montreal 3 @ New York 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Chicago 1 @ Toronto 3 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Claude Larose scored just 13 seconds into the game and Jean Beliveau scored three minutes later as the Canadiens took a 2-0 lead and held on to edge the Rangers at Madison Square Garden.

Bobby Hull scored the only goal for the Black Hawks as they lost to the Maple Leafs at Madison Square Garden, with Terry Sawchuk brilliant in goal for Toronto. In the pre-game warmup, one of Mr. Hull's slapshots sailed over the protective glass and hit Maple Leaf Gardens' executive vice president Harold Ballard, breaking his nose in four places.

Adams Cup
Memphis 4 @ Omaha 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Oklahoma City 6 @ Houston 5 (Oklahoma City led best-of-seven series 3-2)

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Torn Between Two Lovers--Mary MacGregor (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Carmen '77--Pink Lady (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): If You Leave Me Now--Chicago

The album The Beach Boys Love You was released on Brother/Reprise Records.

Justice Thomas Berger issued his final report of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry, recommending a 10-year moratorium on the oil pipeline in the Northwest Territories. Mr. Berger, a member of the British Columbia Supreme Court and a former leader of the province's new Democratic Party, had been appointed by the Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau to conduct an inquiry, and had held hearings throughout the N.W.T. in 1975-1976.

A three-judge panel of the California State Court of Appeals ordered that five young adults be freed from the custody of their parents, who had opposed their membership in Rev. Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church. The parents had charged that their children had been coerced into joining the cult, and had shown emotional and mental deterioration. The parents sough to "deprogam" their children from the Moonies' influence, while the cult's lawyers opposed the move on grounds of religious freedom. The appellate judges did not accept a lower court's ruling on March 24 that parents retained some rights over adult children, and ruled that custody could be granted only if a person was incompetent and unable to care for himself.

Stanley Cup
St. Louis 2 @ Montreal 7 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Toronto 3 @ Philadelphia 2 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Los Angeles 3 @ Boston 8 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Buffalo 2 @ New York Islanders 4 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Guy Lafleur scored 3 goals for the Canadiens as they routed the Blues at the Montreal Forum.

Bobby Schmautz scored 3 goals for the Bruins as they routed the Kings at Boston Garden.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Electrica Salsa--OFF

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Shake You Down--Gregory Abbott

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Respectable--Mel and Kim (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sailing Home--Piet Veerman

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): With or Without You--U2 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Let it Be--Ferry Aid

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Let it Be--Ferry Aid (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship (2nd week at #1)
2 Lean on Me--Club Nouveau
3 I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)--Aretha Franklin and George Michael
4 Tonight, Tonight, Tonight--Genesis
5 Come Go with Me--Expose
6 Sign 'o' the Times--Prince
7 Don't Dream it's Over--Crowded House
8 Let's Wait Awhile--Janet Jackson
9 Mandolin Rain--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
10 Let's Go!--Wang Chung

Singles entering the chart were Wanted Dead or Alive by Bon Jovi (#59); Diamonds by Herb Alpert (#78); Songbird by Kenny G (#84); Head to Toe by Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam (#85); I'm No Angel by the Gregg Allman Band (#86); Don't Disturb this Groove by System (#88); I'll Still be Loving You by Restless Heart (#89); and Endless Nights by Eddie Money (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Lean on Me--Club Nouveau
2 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
3 Somewhere Out There--Linda Ronstadt and James Ingram
4 Touch Me (I Want Your Body)--Samantha Fox
5 The Final Countdown--Europe
6 I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)--Aretha Franklin and George Michael
7 (You Gotta) Fight for Your Right (To Party!)--Beastie Boys
8 Montego Bay--Amazulu
9 Let's Go!--Wang Chung
10 Don't Dream it's Over--Crowded House

Singles entering the chart were Looking for a New Love by Jody Watley (#83); Se La by Lionel Richie (#85); I Know What I Like by Huey Lewis and the News (#92); and Boom Boom (Let’s Go Back to My Room) by Paul Lekakis (#94).

Died on this date
Erskine Caldwell, 83
. U.S. author. Mr. Caldwell, a native of Moreland, Georgia, was known for his novels and short stories about social conditions in the southern United States. His 25 novels included Tobacco Road (1932) and God's Little Acre (1933). Mr. Caldwell was a smoker who died of emphysema and lung cancer.

Primo Levi, 67. Italian chemist and author. Mr. Levi was interned in the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz, Poland from 1944-1945, and his experiences led him to make a career of writing about the Holocaust in fiction and non-fiction works such as If This is a Man (1947) and The Periodic Table (1975). Mr. Levi died in a fall from his third-floor apartment in Turin; his death was ruled a suicide, as he had been suffering from depression, but some thought his death may have been accidental, as he had recently been complaining of dizziness.

The London Agreement was secretly signed between Israeli Foreign Affairs Minister Shimon Peres and King Hussein of Jordan, outlining the framework for yet another Middle East peace conference hosted by the United Nations.

Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 5 @ Boston 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Hartford 1 @ Quebec 5 (Hartford led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Philadelphia 3 @ New York Rangers 0 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Washington 2 @ New York Islanders 0 (Washington led best-of-seven series 2-1)
St. Louis 5 @ Toronto 3 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Detroit 4 @ Chicago 3 (OT) (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Calgary 3 @ Winnipeg 2 (OT) (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 2-10
Edmonton 6 @ Los Angeles 5 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-1)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Marvellous!--The Twelfth Man featuring MC Hammer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kanashimi hayuki no yoni--Shogo Hamada (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Non Amarmi--Aleandro Baldi & Francesca Alotta

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Quimica--Chimo Bayo

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): She Goes Nana--The Radios (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): You--Ten Sharp

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Stay--Shakespears Sister (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams (2nd week at #1)
2 Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton
3 Masterpiece--Atlantic Starr
4 Remember the Time--Michael Jackson
5 I Can't Dance--Genesis
6 Make it Happen--Mariah Carey
7 To Be with You--Mr. Big
8 Thinkin' Back--Color Me Badd
9 Justified & Ancient--The KLF (featuring Tammy Wynette)
10 Everything Changes--Kathy Troccoli

Singles entering the chart were Jump by Kris Kross (#77); High by the Cure (#79); Viva Las Vegas by ZZ Top (#86); and Please Don't Go by Boyz II Men (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton
2 To Be with You--Mr. Big
3 Hazard--Richard Marx
4 Thought I'd Died and Gone to Heaven--Bryan Adams
5 Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams
6 Human Touch--Bruce Springsteen
7 One--U2
8 Justified & Ancient--The KLF (featuring Tammy Wynette)
9 I Can't Dance--Genesis
10 Remember the Time--Michael Jackson

Singles entering the chart were Let's Get Rocked by Def Leppard (#68); Money Don't Matter 2 Night by Prince and the New Power Generation (#84); Breakin' My Heart by Mint Condition (#87); Tear it All Down by Monkeywalk (#88); Close Your Eyes by Aaron Neville and Linda Ronstadt (#93); Lift Me Up by Howard Jones (#94); Don't Talk Just Kiss by R.S.F. (Right Said Fred) (#95); and High by the Cure (#97).

Died on this date
James Brown, 72
. U.S. actor. Mr. Brown was best known for playing Lieutenant Rip Masters in the television series The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin (1954-1959).

Tim Naehring's 2-run home run with 1 out in the top of the 19th inning broke a 5-5 tie as the Boston Red Sox defeated the Cleveland Indians 7-5 before 65,813 fans at Cleveland Stadium. Cleveland second baseman Carlos Baerga batted 6 for 9. Peter Hoy made his major league debut on the mound for Boston, pitching the 6th inning and allowing 2 hits, but no runs.

The Texas Rangers, trailing 6-0 after 5 innings, scored 5 runs in the top of the 6th, 2 in the 9th, and 3 in the 10th to defeat the Minnesota Twins 10-8 before 50,818 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Luis Quinones made the last out of the 9th inning as a pinch hitter for the Twins and remained in the game at shortstop in the 420th and last game of his 8-year major league career.

Rickey Henderson walked and scored the tying run with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning and then singled home Jamie Quirk with 2 out in the 10th to give the Oakland Athletics a 7-6 win over the Chicago White Sox before 36,007 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

Randy Johnson pitched a 4-hitter and struck out 11 batters as the Seattle Mariners edged the Kansas City Royals 1-0 before 46,595 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. Losing pitcher Kevin Appier allowed just 5 hits and 1 earned run--a home by Pete O'Brien leading off the 7th inning-- in 7 innings. The game took 2 hours and 20 minutes to play despite the fact that the teams combined to put just 12 men on base, including the home run.

Archi Cianfrocco singled in 3 runs with his first major league hit as the Montreal Expos beat the New York Mets 9-2 before 22,967 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Cianfrocco’s hit came in the 8th inning on a 3-2 count with 2 out, the bases loaded, and runners going on the pitch. Spike Owen scored from first base.

Tony Fernandez drew a base on balls, moved to third base on a single by Tony Gwynn, and scored on a sacrifice by Gary Sheffield with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the San Diego Padres a 3-2 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 31,155 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Warum?--Tic Tac Toe (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's No Good--Depeche Mode

20 years ago

Died on this date
Muriel McQueen Fergusson, 97
. Canadian politician. Mrs. Fergusson, a lawyer and then a probate court judge, became the first woman to serve on the City Council of Fredericton, New Brunswick. She was appointed to the Senate by Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent in 1953 and sat as a Liberal, representing Fredericton until her retirement in 1975. Mrs. Fergusson became the first female Speaker of the Senate, serving from 1972-1974.

Mario Lemieux of the Pittsburgh Penguins scored his 50th goal of the season in a game against the Florida Panthers.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Roscoe Lee Browne, 84
. U.S. actor. Mr. Browne, a Negro was known for his rich voice, which led him to cast in roles that were more dignified than the parts usually given to Negro actors, and also led to much work as a voice actor and narrator. He was best known as a stage actor, but appeared in movies such as Topaz (1969) and The Cowboys (1972), and won an Emmy Award for his guest appearances on The Cosby Show (1986).

Kurt Vonnegut, 84. U.S. author. Mr. Vonnegut wrote 14 novels, numerous short stories, five plays, and five non-fiction books, but was best known for his novel Slaughterhouse-Five (1969).

Two bombings in Algiers killed 33 people and wounded 222 others.

Charges were dropped by North Carolina Attorney General Roy Cooper against three former Duke University lacrosse players who had been falsely accused of raping stripper Crystal Mangum, a Negress, who had performed at a team party on March 13, 2006. Ms. Mangum's DNA didn't match that of any of the white players on the team, but that didn't stop Durham County District Attorney Mike Nifong, anxious for Negro support in the upcoming election, from continuing the prosecution. The abomination was not only in the fact that the names of the accused were widely publicized while the accuser's name was not originally mentioned, but that the prosecution continued despite the results of the DNA test, and in Ms. Mangum getting away with her false accustions. I suspect the reluctance to prosecute Ms. Mangum was out of fear of protests from women or Negroes.

Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Pittsburgh 3 @ Ottawa 6 (Ottawa led best-of-seven series 1-0)
San Jose 5 @ Nashville 4 (2 OT) (San Jose led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Dallas 4 @ Vancouver 5 (4 OT) (Vancouver led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Minnesota 1 @ Anaheim 2 (Anaheim led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Patrick Rissmiller scored at 8:14 of the 2nd overtime period as the Sharks edged the Predators at Gaylord Entertainment Center. Henrik Sedin scored with 1:54 remaining in the 4th overtime period to give the Canucks their win over the Stars at General Motors Place in the sixth-longest game in National Hockey League history. Vancouver goalie Roberto Luongo made 72 saves.

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