Wednesday, 20 September 2017

September 20, 2017

225 years ago
1792


War
French troops stopped an allied invasion of France in the Battle of Valmy, during the War of the First Coalition.

160 years ago
1857


War
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 ended with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the British East India Company.

150 years ago
1867


War
The U.S. government declared peace with the Brule, Ogalalla, and Sioux Indian tribes at North Platte, Nebraska.

Politics and government
Voting concluded in the first Canadian federal election. The Conservatives (with 71) and Liberal-Conservatives (with 29), led by Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald, led with 100 seats in the 180-seat House of Commons; the Liberals, with no official leader, won 62 seats for form the official opposition, and the Anti-Confederation Party, led by Joseph Howe, won 18 of Nova Scotia's 19 seats.

110 years ago
1907


Baseball
Nick Maddox pitched a no-hitter for the Pittsburgh Pirates as they edged the Brooklyn Dodgers 2-1 at Exposition Park in Pittsburgh.

The Chicago White Sox swept a doubleheader from the Washington Nationals 2-1 and 13-6 at American League Park in Washington.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Red Auerbach
. U.S. basketball coach and executive. Arnold Jacob Auerbach coached the Washington Capitols (1946-49); Tri-Cities Blackhawks (1949-50); and Boston Celtics (1950-66), compiling a regular season record of 938-479 and a playoff record 99-69. He pioneered the use of the fast break and Negro players, and emphasized the importance of team play as he led the Celtics to nine National Basketball Association championships in his last 10 seasons as coach, including the last eight straight years. Mr. Auerbach served as the team's general manager from 1966-1984 and president from 1984-1997 and vice chairman from 1997 until his death, accumulating seven more championship rings. The NBA's Coach of the Year trophy, which he had won in 1965, was named after him in 1967, and Mr. Auerbach was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1969. He died on October 28, 2006 at the age of 89.

Fernando Rey. Spanish actor. Mr. Rey appeared in more than 150 movies, including The Immortal Story (1968); The French Connection (1971); The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972); French Connection II (1975); and That Obscure Object of Desire (1977). He died on March 9, 1994 at the age of 76.

Clarice Taylor. U.S. actress. Miss Taylor was mainly a stage actress, but also acted in film and television, and was nominated for an Emmy Award in 1986 for her recurring supporting role as Anna Huxtable in the comedy series The Cosby Show. She died on May 30, 2011 at the age of 93.

Politics and government
The Canadian Parliament passed the Military Voters Act and Wartime Elections Act, giving the vote to soldiers and sailors under 21, and serving women; wives, widows, mothers, and sisters of servicemen also got the vote; the first women ever to be able to vote in Canadian federal elections. The act also disenfranchised "enemy-alien" citizens naturalized after March 31, 1902, unless they had relatives serving in the armed forces, and took away the vote from Canadians who had emigrated from enemy countries--especially German-Canadians and Ukrainian-Canadians--and also from conscientious objectors.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
George Nichols, 62
. U.S. actor and director. Mr. Nichols acted in 221 movies from 1908-1928 and directed 103 movies from 1911-1916. As an actor, he often played Mabel Normand's father, and he directed several comedies starring Fatty Arbuckle.

75 years ago
1942


Abominations
In the course of two days, a German einsatzgruppen murdered at least 3,000 Jews in Letychiv.

World events
The Mexico City newspaper Novedades said that troops were being sent to Veracruz following the September 15 assassination of Federal Deputy Salvador Gonzales.

Journalism
The U.S. Post Office barred National Police Gazette from the mails for publishing lewd and lascivious material.

Track and field
Gunder Haegg set a world record in the men's 5,000-metre run of 13:58.2 in Goteborg, Sweden.

Football
NFL
Pre-season
Chicago Bears 14 U.S. Army Eastern All-Stars 7 @ Boston

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Near You--Francis Craig and his Orchestra

Died on this date
Fiorello H. La Guardia, 64
. U.S. politician. Mr. La Guardia, nicknamed "The Little Flower," was a Republican who represented New York's 14th District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1917-1919 and the state's 20th District from 1923-1933, but was best known as Mayor of New York City from 1934-1945. He was a reform politician who defeated the Tammany Hall machine and cleaned up corruption, and was ranked as the best mayor in American history in a 1993 poll of historians and social scientists. Mr. La Guardia died of pancreatic cancer.

Diplomacy
The British cabinet of Prime Minister Clement Attlee accepted the majority recommendations of the United Nations Palestine Inquiry Commission, but urged the United Nations to share responsibility for putting them into effect.

Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistani Prime Minister Nawabzada Liaqat Ali Kahn of Pakistan issued a joint statement renouncing war between their countries as "repugnant" to both.

Politics and government
A cabinet shuffle in Bavaria resulted in a government composed entirely of Christian Social Union ministers.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities subpoenaed 43 prominent entertainment industry figures, including Walt Disney and Charlie Chaplin, for hearings on Communism in Hollywood.

Former U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace, speaking in Trenton, New Jersey, declared that he was willing to cooperate with Communists or "any [other] group that wants to promote understanding with Russia."

Economics and finance
Hungary concluded a trade agreement with the U.K. and U.S. zones in Germany.

Disasters

A hurricane began to disintegrate in Arkansas after cutting through the Gulf of Mexico states in the past three days, causing over $26 million in damage and 90 reported deaths.

Football
WIFU
Calgary (1-1) @ Saskatchewan (0-2) (postponed)

ORFU
Ottawa (0-2-1) 5 @ Hamilton (3-0) 16
Sarnia (0-3) 2 @ Windsor (1-3) 6

The Stampeders' games against the Roughriders in Regina on September 20 and against the Blue Bombers in Winnipeg on September 22 were postponed for a week because of heavy rain in Regina and Winnipeg. The Roughriders' scheduled visit to Calgary on September 27 was postponed to October 6.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (25th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Diana--Paul Anka (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jean Sibelius, 91
. Finnish composer. Mr. Sibelius was active in the late Romantic and early modern eras, and is regarded as the greatest composer in Finnish history. He wrote seven symphonies, and works such as Finlandia; Karelia Suite; and Valse triste.

War
Sources in Havana reported that 12 Cuban Air Force pilots who had refused to bomb guerrilla positions had been sentenced to prison terms of 8-10 years.

Defense
The U.S. Air Force successfully test-fired its Thor intermediate-range ballistic missile from Cape Canaveral, Florida. Air Force Chief of Staff General Thomas White disclosed development of a new "line of sight" radar system capable of detecting missiles at a distance of 3,000 miles.

Diplomatic sources in Paris reported that the U.S.S.R. had agreed to triple Syria's jet force of 40 MiG-17s and to provide 50 II-28 jet bombers.

Politics and government
Deputy Prime Minister Keith Holoake succeeded Sidney Holland, who resigned because of ill health, as Prime Minister of New Zealand.

Education
U.S. Federal District Court Judge Ronald Davies issued a preliminary injunction against the use of National Guard troops to bar Negro students from entering Central High School in Little Rock.

Boxing
Archie Moore (163-21-8) retained his world light heavyweight title with a knockout of Tony Anthony (31-5-1) at 2:29 of the 7th round at Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles. Mr. Anthony was knocked down in the 6th and 7th rounds. Mr. Moore had to make six trips to the scale before making the 175-pound weight limit.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck (3rd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension (2nd week at #1)
2 Don't Sleep in the Subway--Petula Clark
3 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
4 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
5 In the Chapel in the Moonlight--Dean Martin
6 To Love Somebody--The Bee Gees
7 Woman You're Breaking Me--The Groop
8 It Must Be Him--Vikki Carr
9 The Monkees Vol. 1 (EP): (Theme from) The Monkees--The Monkees
10 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum

Singles entering the chart were Little Ole Wine Drinker, Me by Dean Martin (#23); My Mammy by the Happenings (#30); Reflections of Charles Brown by Rupert's People (#34); Dream Girl by Davy Jones (#35); I Have Loved Me a Man by Morgana King (#36) Death of a Clown by Dave Davies (#37); We Love You/Dandelion by the Rolling Stones (#38); and I was Made to Love Her by Stevie Wonder (#40).

Transportation

The U.K. liner RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 was launched at John Brown & Company, Clydebank, Scotland.

Football
CFL
Calgary (7-2) 13 @ Toronto (3-4) 22

Jim Dillard rushed for 95 yards and 2 touchdowns and passed 50 yards to Joe Williams for another TD as the Argonauts upset the Stampeders before 22,092 fans at CNE Stadium. The Toronto offense, quarterbacked by Wally Gabler and Tom Wilkinson, amassed 269 yards rushing, with Mr. Gabler gaining 67 yards, Mr. Williams 50, and Jim Greth 49. Mr. Gabler completed 7 of 13 passes, and Mr. Wilkinson, playing his first Canadian Football League game, was 2 for 5 while seeing action briefly in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Wilkinson's first pass was intercepted by Dick Dupuis. The Toronto defense kept up the pressure on Calgary quarterback Peter Liske, who completed just 15 of 31 passes and threw 3 interceptions. Frank Andruski scored the first Calgary touchdown when he blocked Dave Mann's punt and returned it 3 yards for the score. Lovell Coleman scored the other Calgary TD, set up by Jerry Keeling's interception of one of Mr. Gabler's passes. Calgary's Terry Evanshen led all receivers with 155 yards on 8 receptions, including a 61-yard gain in the 3rd quarter.

40 years ago
1977


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Act of Love: Part 2

Diplomacy
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam was admitted to the United Nations.

World events
The first wave of Southeast Asian "boat people" arrived in San Francisco under a U.S. resettlement program.

Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau announced the removal of wage and price controls, effective April 14, 1978. The controls had been introduced in October 1975.

The government of Canada began a three-year program to protect the textile and clothing industry from imports.

Energy
Canada and the United States signed an agreement in Ottawa for construction of a 2,700-mile natural gas pipeline across the Yukon Territory for shipment of Alaska natural gas.

Labour
Sudbury, Ontario-based Inco announced layoffs of 3,500 mining and smelting workers in Canada by mid-1978.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): La Bamba--Los Lobos (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Joe le taxi--Vanessa Paradis (8th week at #1)

Religion
Pope John Paul II concluded his visit to the United States and Canada with a mass for 4,000 natives in Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories. The pontiff had been unable to visit the northern community during his previous Canadian visit in 1984.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (6-5) 29 @ Toronto (6-5-1) 39
Winnipeg (8-4) 20 @ British Columbia (8-3) 30

Gill Fenerty rushed 19 times for 76 yards and 3 touchdowns as the Argonauts defeated the Tiger-Cats before 26,619 fans (including this blogger) at Exhibition Stadium. Danny Barrett completed a touchdown pass to Darrell K. Smith for the other Toronto touchdown. The teams combined for 12 turnovers, 8 in the 1st quarter; the Argonauts took advantage of 6 of them to build a 23-1 lead in the 2nd quarter. Mike Kerrigan, who relieved an ineffective Tom Porras in the 2nd quarter, completed touchdown passes of 7 and 65 yards to Tony Champion and 30 yards to Jacques Chapdelaine, and handed off to Dan Huclack for a 1-yard run for the other Hamilton touchdown. Mr. Champion led all receivers with 11 receptions for 202 yards, while Tiger-Cats’ running back Johnnie Jones, who rushed 6 times for just 4 yards, gained 103 yards on 7 receptions. Mr. Kerrigan completed 25 of 41 passes for 408 yards. Pete Catan, who had been a star defensive end with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers from 1981-1983 before jumping to the United States Football League, made his return to the CFL with the Tiger-Cats, but was released after having a poor game, and never played again. It was one of the few CFL games of 1987 that wasn’t televised, which wasn’t a bad thing, the way it turned out.

Larry Crawford returned a punt 82 yards for a touchdown with 4:48 remaining in the 4th quarter to clinch victory for the Lions over the Blue Bombers before 39,859 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. quarterback Roy Dewalt threw touchdown passes of 14 yards to Jan Carinci in the 2nd quarter and 33 yards to Jim Sandusky in the 4th quarter. Winnipeg quarterback Tom Clements completed a 6-yard touchdown pass to Nick Arakgi just 1:37 into the game, and later connected with James Murphy for 2 touchdowns. Winnipeg’s Willard Reaves led all rushers with 17 carries for 128 yards.

25 years ago
1992


Space
The 50th U.S. space shuttle mission--STS-47--ended when Endeavour and her seven-member crew landed at Cape Canaveral, Florida, eight days after liftoff.

Politics and government
51% of voters in a referendum in France approved the 1991 Maastricht treaty of the European Community on European Union.

Economics and finance
The Royal Bank of Canada reported per capita debt in Saskatchewan as $14,000, the highest in Canada, and 75% higher than Québec; total provincial debt was almost $14 billion.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (7-4) 18 @ Saskatchewan (6-5) 22
Winnipeg (5-6) 29 @ Calgary (8-3) 57

Kent Austin completed touchdown passes to Don Narcisse and Reggie Brown in the 3rd quarter as the Roughriders defeated the Eskimos before 22,256 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Edmonton quarterback Tracy Ham completed just 7 of 24 passes for 106 yards—including a 6-yard TD pass to Craig Ellis in the 2nd quarter—before being pulled in favour of Tom Muecke in the 4th quarter. Michael Soles rushed 3 yards for the other Edmonton touchdown in the 3rd quarter.

The Stampeders outscored the Blue Bombers 46-9 in the 2nd half before 22,320 fans at McMahon Stadium. Calgary quarterback Doug Flutie completed just 14 of 36 passes, but connected for touchdowns with Derrick Crawford and PeeWee Smith. Andy McVey rushed for 2 Calgary touchdowns, and Eric Mitchel rushed for another. Karl Anthony returned an interception 32 yards for a touchdown, and backup quarterback Steve Taylor threw a TD pass to Allen Pitts. Sammy Garza played the entire game at quarterback for the Blue Bombers, completing just 17 of 40 passes, including touchdowns to Rob Crifo and Larry Thompson. The Calgary defense sacked Mr. Garza 7 times.

Baseball
Philadelphia Phillies' second baseman Mickey Morandini became the ninth player in major league history to turn an unassisted triple play as the Phillies lost 3-2 to the Pittsburgh Pirates in 13 innings before 21,652 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. There were runners on first and second bases in the 6th inning when Mr. Morandini caught Jeff King's line drive for the first out, stepped on second base to double off Andy Van Slyke, and tagged Barry Bonds, running from first base, for the third out. The Pirates won the game when Mr. King singled home Cecil Espy from second base with 2 out in the bottom of the 13th.



Sid Fernandez pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Ken Hill as the New York Mets edged the Montreal Expos 1-0 before 22,257 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Ryan Thompson singled home Jeff Kent with 2 out in the bottom of the 2nd inning for the game's only run. Mr. Fernandez improved his 1992 record to 13-10, while Mr. Hill,who allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings, fell to 16-9.

The Atlanta Braves scored 8 runs in the first 2 innings on their way to a 16-1 rout of the Houston Astros before 40,493 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Terry Pendleton and David Justice each drove in 4 runs, with Mr. Justice hitting a 3-run home run and a triple.

Rod Brewer batted 5 for 5 with 4 runs and a run batted in, and Stan Royer was 4 for 5 with a home run, 4 runs, and 4 RBIs to help the St. Louis Cardinals rout the Chicago Cubs 16-4 before 28,101 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The Cardinals scored 7 runs in the first 2 innings, and 7 in the last 2 innings.

The San Francisco Giants, aided by 2 errors, scored 2 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers 3-2 before 21,633 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Willie McGee came home with the winning run on an infield single by Matt Williams.

The Minnesota Twins scored 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the California Angels 7-5 before 20,685 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Mr. Gorgeous (and Miss Curvaceous)--Smoke City (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Salomé--Bunbury

#1 single in France (SNEP): Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Something About the Way You Look Tonight/Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Something About the Way You Look Tonight/Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Candle in the Wind 1997/Something About the Way You Look Tonight--Elton John

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Candle in the Wind 1997/Something About the Way You Look Tonight--Elton John

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Honey--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)

Football
CFL
Toronto (11-2) 25 @ Edmonton (8-5) 24

Doug Flutie completed a 71-yard touchdown pass to Derrell "Mookie" Mitchell with 7:34 remaining in regulation time, and Mike Vanderjagt's convert proved to be the winning point as the Argonauts overcame a 17-3 deficit to edge the Eskimos before 38,619 fans at Commonwealth Stadium in an entertaining game on a beautiful night. Edmonton quarterback Danny McManus completed 21 of 35 passes for 259 yards, including an 8-yard touchdown to Robert Gordon. Henry "Gizmo" Williams, aided by a great block from Jed Roberts, scored the other Edmonton touchdown on a 72-yard punt return. Sean Fleming converted both Edmonton touchdowns and added 3 field goals and a single.

10 years ago
2007


Protest
15,000-20,000 protesters marched on Jena, Louisiana in support of six Negro youths who had been convicted of assaulting a white classmate.

Economics and finance
The Canadian dollar reached parity with the U.S. dollar for the first time in nearly 31 years, boosted by high commodity prices and a weakening U.S. dollar.

Tuesday, 19 September 2017

September 19, 2017

325 years ago
1692


Died on this date
Giles Corey, 81
. English-born N.E. accused warlock. Mr. Corey was arrested on April 18, 1692 in Salem, Massachusetts, and accused of being a warlock. He refused to plead guilty or not guilty, and was arraigned at the September sitting of the court. According to the law then in force, a person who refused to plead could not be tried. Mr. Corey was then subjected to "pressing," i.e., having a board placed on his chest, with boulders piled on top. Mr. Corey still refused to plead, and died after three days of pressing, with his last words being, "More weight!" It remains the only time in American history that an accused person was put to death in such a manner.

240 years ago
1777


War
Continental Army forces commanded by General Horatio Gates defeated British forces commanded by General John Burgoyne in the First Battle of Saratoga, New York.

150 years ago
1867


Protest
A serious Fenian disturbance took place in Manchester, England.

Disasters
The U.S. steamer Dean Richmond sank in the Hudson River near Rondout, New York, with several lives lost, when she was hit by the steamer Vanderbilt.

125 years ago
1892


Crime
Anarchist Alexander Berkman was sentenced to 22 years in prison for the attempted assassination of coke magnate Henry Clay Frick at Mr. Frick's office in downtown Pittsburgh on July 23, 1892.

Baseball
Boston Beaneaters' pitcher Kid Nichols helped his own cause by hitting a grand slam in the top of the 5th inning and a bases-loaded triple in the top of the 6th as the Beaneaters took a 14-0 lead over the Baltimore Orioles. He had to leave the game in the bottom of the 6th when he was hit by a batted ball, and the Orioles made a comeback but still lost 14-11 at Union Park in Baltimore.

110 years ago
1907


Economics and finance
Canada signed a commercial treaty with France, providing near-reciprocity on farm, forestry, fur, and leather products; it was ratified on February 1, 1910.

80 years ago
1937


Baseball
Hank Greenberg became the first player ever to hit a home run into the center field stands at Yankee Stadium as he helped the Detroit Tigers beat the Yankees 8-1 before 17,420 fans. Winning pitcher Eldon Auker pitched a 5-hitter and batted in 3 runs to improve his 1937 record to 15-8; Bump Hadley allowed 13 hits and 7 runs--all earned--in 7 2/3 innings to take the loss, falling to 11-6.

Chubby Dean and George Caster were the respective winning pitchers as the Philadelphia Athletics swept a doubleheader from the Cleveland Indians 8-4 and 5-3 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Mr. Dean allowed 5 hits and 4 earned runs in 6 innings, but was credited with his first major league win; Cleveland starter Bob Feller allowed 12 hits and 7 runs--all earned--in 6 innings to take the loss, dropping to 6-7 for the season.

The Washington Nationals scored 3 runs in the 7th inning and another in the bottom of the 9th to defeat the Chicago White Sox 5-4 in the first game of a doubleheader at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Washington shortstop Frank Trechock batted 2 for 4 and made 2 putouts, 4 assists, and 2 errors, participating in 2 double plays in his only major league game. Dixie Walker batted 3 for 4 with a double, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the White Sox won 9-1 in the second game, which was called after 8 innings because of darkness. Vern Kennedy pitched a 5-hit complete game victory to improve his 1937 record to 13-11, winning the pitching matchup over Red Anderson, who allowed 6 hits and 7 runs--all earned--in 3 2/3 innings, walking 4 batters and striking out 1 to take the loss in his first major league game. Mike Guerra made his major league debut behind the plate for the Nationals, batting 0 for 3 and making 3 putouts and an error. Washington second baseman Jerry Lynn batted 2 for 3 with a double, and made 4 putouts and 3 assists, participating in 3 double plays in his only major league game.

The Boston Bees scored 3 runs in the top of the 8th inning and held on to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 7-6 in the first game of a doubleheader before 7,561 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Cincinnati center fielder Harry Craft batted 3 for 6 with a triple and 2 runs, with 3 putouts and an assist in his first major league game, but grounded into a double play to end the game after the Reds had scored a run in the bottom of the 9th and had Kiki Cuyler on second base with 1 out. In the second game, Mr. Cuyler drew a base on balls with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th, and Ival Goodman followed with a 2-run home run to break a scoreless tie as the Reds won 2-0. Gene Schott pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Jim Turner, who pitched a 9-hit complete game. Mr. Schott improved to 4-10 for the season, while Mr. Turner fell to 18-10.

Wally Berger hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 9th inning to tie the game 3-3, and the New York Giants scored a run in the 10th to break the tie and defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 4-3 before 21,855 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

Frank Demaree singled with 1 out in the bottom of the 4th inning and Gabby Hartnett followed with a 2-run home run to provide all the necessary scoring as the Chicago Cubs defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers 2-1 before 18,324 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The Dodgers almost tied the game in the 9th when Jim Bucher led off with a bunt single, advanced to third base on a 1-out double by Babe Phelps, and scored on a ground out by Cookie Lavagetto. George Cisar, who had gone in to run for Mr. Phelps, advanced to third on the ground out, but ended the game when he was thrown out trying to steal home plate. Mr. Phelps batted 4 for 4 with 2 doubles. Curt Davis pitched a 7-hitter to improve his 1937 record to 8-4, winning the pitchers' duel over Max Butcher, who allowed just 4 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings to fall to 10-14.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (I've Got a Gal In) Kalamazoo--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Condé Nast, 69
. U.S. publisher. Mr. Nast founded Condé Nast Publications in 1909; the company publishes such magazines as Vogue, Vanity Fair, and The New Yorker.

War
Russian troops drove German forces out of the streets in Stalingrad, and claimed to repulse German troops in the Mozdok sector deep in the Caucasus. The British War Office announced that all inhabitants would be cleared from the coastal area across the North Sea from the German naval stronghold of Helgoland Bight. U.K. troops captured the city of Brickaville on the east coast of Madagascar. In his dispatch to The New York Times, Hanson Baldwin reported that U.S. Marines held a six- or seven-mile stretch of beach on Guadalacanal.

Protest
10,000 people at an anti-Axis rally in Buenos Aires heard speakers demand war against Germany and Italy.

70 years ago
1947


Radio
The U.S. National Association of Broadcasters, meeting in Atlantic City, adopted a code which reduced broadcast advertising; banned dramatic presentation of "controversial issues;" and set standards for the treatment of religion, race, marriage, and other topics.

Diplomacy
Poland and the U.S.S.R. concluded an agreement giving Poland full control over the Baltic port of Stettin.

Defense
U.S. Army General Albert Wedemeyer submitted to President Harry Truman his report on his fact-finding trip to China. Gen. Wedemeyer recommended a five-year U.S. military aid program for China, and encouragement of internal reforms in the Nationalist government.

Politics and government
After conferring in Hong Kong with deposed Emperor Bao Dai, representatives of seven Vietnamese political parties rejected the French offer of internal autonomy for Indochina.

Labour
One million farm workers in northern Italy ended a 12-day strike after the government awarded them pay increases and a reduction in work hours.

4,000 New York and New Jersey Teamsters union members struck against the Railway Express Agency in a pay dispute.

Football
ORFU
Toronto Indians (2-1-1) 4 @ Toronto Balmy Beach (3-0) 11

Billy Myers and Bruce Coulter scored touchdowns for Balmy Beach as they beat the Indians at Varsity Stadium.

Baseball
New York Giants' manager Mel Ott announced his retirement as a player. Mr. Ott, who joined the team as a right fielder in 1926 and took over as manager in 1942, was batting 0 for 4 in 4 games as a pinch hitter in 1947. In 22 seasons, Mr. Ott batted .304 with 511 home runs and 1,860 runs batted in in 2,730 games.

60 years ago
1957


War
The Cuban Army reported the heaviest fighting yet against Fidel Castro's guerrilla forces in the Pino de Agua area.

Diplomacy
Jordan charged Syria with attempting to "create disorder and an atmosphere of confusion in Jordan" through sabotage and plots for the assassination of Jordanian leaders.

World events
Ousted Thai Prime Minister Pibul Songgram arrived in Phnom Penh under a grant of political asylum from Cambodian King Norodom Suramarit.

Defense
The United States conducted its first underground nuclear test, in the Nevada desert, as part of Operation Plumbbob.

In an effort to "stabilize costs," U.S. Defense Secretary Charles Wilson ordered further reduction of U.S. armed forces by 100,000 men, bringing their strength down to 2.6 million by 1959.

Labour
In an effort to block the election of Jimmy Hoffa as Teamsters union President, 13 rank-and-file Teamsters members from New York sued in a U.S. federal district court in Washington, D.C. for an injunction to bar elections at the Teamsters convention.

50 years ago
1967


On television tonight
The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Watchers



Boxing
Chartchai Chionoi (45-10-2), recognized as world flyweight champion by the World Boxing Council; European Boxing Union; British Boxing Board of Control; Thailand; and The Ring magazine, retained his title with a technical knockout of former champion Walter McGowan (26-6-1) at 1:12 of the 7th round at Empire Pool, Wembley, London.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're Moving Out Today--Carol Bayer Sager (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Wanted (Shimei Tehai)--Pink Lady

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Son Tus Perjúmenes, Mujer--Carlos Mejía Godoy y los de Palacagüina

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Kosmos 954 from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Tyuratam, Kazakhstan. It re-entered the atmosphere four months later and crashed over the Northwest Territories, spreading radioactive debris from its power cell.

Diplomacy
King Baudoin I of Belgium arrived in Ottawa to start an official visit to Canada.

Politics and government
The Ontario Legislature recognized the Northern Ontario Heritage Party as the province's newest political party.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Who's That Girl--Madonna (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Voyage, voyage--Desireless (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson featuring Siedah Garrett (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson featuring Siedah Garrett (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Where the Streets Have No Name--U2 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson (with Siedah Garrett)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson (with Siedah Garrett) (2nd week at #1)
2 La Bamba--Los Lobos
3 Didn't We Almost Have it All--Whitney Houston
4 Here I Go Again--Whitesnake
5 Who's That Girl--Madonna
6 Can't We Try--Dan Hill (with Vonda Shepard)
7 Carrie--Europe
8 When Smokey Sings--ABC
9 I Heard a Rumour--Bananarama
10 Lost in Emotion--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam

Singles entering the chart were Bad by Michael Jackson (#33); Waterfall by Wendy & Lisa (#82); Hourglass by Squeeze (#83); Boys Night Out by Timothy B. Schmit (#85); Silent Morning by Noel (#87); The One I Love by R.E.M. (#88); (I've Had) The Time of My Life by Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes (#89); and You Win Again by the Bee Gees (#90). (I've Had) The Time of My Life was from the movie Dirty Dancing (1987).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 La Bamba--Los Lobos (3rd week at #1)
2 I Want Your Sex--George Michael
3 Who's That Girl--Madonna
4 Luka--Suzanne Vega
5 I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson (with Siedah Garrett)
6 Together (The New Wedding Song)--Joey Gregorash
7 Only in My Dreams--Debbie Gibson
8 Don't Mean Nothing--Richard Marx
9 Didn't We Almost Have it All--Whitney Houston
10 Heart and Soul--T'Pau

Singles entering the chart were Mony Mony (Live) by Billy Idol (#88); Causing a Commotion by Madonna (#90); Bad by Michael Jackson (#93); Pressure Down by John Farnham (#95); Casanova by Levert (#96); Where is the Golden Age by Gowan (#97); and Where is Love by Diamond in the Rough (#98).

Toronto's top 30 (Sam the Record Man)
1 La Bamba--Los Lobos
2 I Want Your Sex--George Michael
3 Together (The New Wedding Song)--Joey Gregorash
4 Luka--Suzanne Vega
5 Who's That Girl--Madonna
6 Funky Town--Pseudo Echo
7 Seven Wonders--Fleetwood Mac
8 Didn't We Almost Have it All--Whitney Houston
9 Rhythm is Gonna Get You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
10 I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson
11 Wot's it to Ya--Robbie Nevil
12 Breakout--Swing Out Sister
13 Can't We Try--Dan Hill
14 Paper in Fire--John Cougar Mellencamp
15 Touch of Grey--The Grateful Dead
16 Heart and Soul--T'Pau
17 Alone--Heart
18 Always--Atlantic Starr
19 Mary's Prayer--Danny Wilson
20 When Smokey Sings--ABC
21 Don't Mean Nothing--Richard Marx
22 Only in My Dreams--Debbie Gibson
23 I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2
24 I Wanna Dance with Somebody who Loves Me--Whitney Houston
25 Cross My Broken Heart--The Jets
26 Ordinary People--The Box
27 Living in a Box--Living in a Box
28 Dance Desire--Haywire
29 I Heard a Rumour--Bananarama
30 Shakedown--Bob Seger

Died on this date
Einar Gerhardsen, 90
. Prime Minister of Norway, 1945-1951; 1955-1963; 1963-1965. Mr. Gerhardsen, the leader of the Labour Party, is Norway's longest-serving Prime Minister since the introduction of parliamentarianism, and is often referred to as "Landsfaderen" ("Father of the Fatherland").

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-8-1) 13 @ Edmonton (8-4) 34

Matt Dunigan, who hadn’t played a down at quarterback since August 7, relieved starter Damon Allen to begin the 2nd half, and passed for 2 touchdowns while rushing for another to lead the Eskimos to victory over the Roughriders before 31,862 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Allen completed an 8-yard touchdown pass to Marco Cyncar early in the 1st quarter after James Zachery blocked a Saskatchewan punt, but the Eskimos led just 10-6 at halftime. Mr. Dunigan rushed 8 yards for a touchdown just 1:20 into the 3rd quarter, and threw touchdown passes of 38 yards to Brian Kelly later in the 3rd quarter and 10 yards to Rick House in the 4th quarter. Don Narcisse, one of two Saskatchewan receivers playing his first CFL game, scored the Roughriders’ only touchdown on a 9-yard pass from starting quarterback Jeff Bentrim in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Kelly led all receivers with 158 yards on 7 receptions; Ray McDonald, the other Saskatchewan receiver making his CFL debut, led the Roughriders with 70 yards on 3 catches. Mr. Bentrim, who completed just 16 of 37 passes for 208 yards, led all rushers with 65 yards on just 3 carries. Saskatchewan defensive end Lynn Madsen also played his first CFL game, while it was the last game for his linemate Nick Hebeler. The 9-year veteran defensive tackle suffered a shoulder separation and never played again.

CIAU
Acadia (1-0) 37 Mount Allison (0-1) 10
St. Mary’s (1-0) 31 St. Francis Xavier (0-1) 13
McGill (1-1) 31 Concordia (1-1) 20
Bishop’s (2-0) 42 Carleton (1-1) 13
Queen’s (1-1) 36 Ottawa (1-1) 29
Guelph (1-1) 40 McMaster (0-2) 20
Wilfrid Laurier (1-1) 43 Waterloo (0-2) 0
Windsor (2-0) 33 York (1-1) 2
British Columbia (3-0) 11 Manitoba (0-3) 9
Saskatchewan (1-2) 10 @ Alberta (3-1) 14

Fourth-year running back Jeff Funtasz rushed 19 times for 119 yards but suffered a career-ending knee injury late in the game as the Golden Bears hung on to defeat the Huskies before 772 fans at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Mr. Funtasz, the top rookie player in Canada in 1984, had torn ligaments in his left knee in 1986, and tore ligaments in his right knee on the final Alberta drive in this game. Teammate Mark Brus added 91 yards on the ground. The only Alberta touchdown came early in the 3rd quarter on a 27-yard pass from Darren Brezden to Steve Camp. The Huskies scored their touchdown early in the 4th quarter on a 35-yard pass from Greg Galan to Dan Farthing.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Amigos Para Siempre--Jose Carreras and Sarah Brightman (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ichiban erai hito he--Tunnels (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Hanno Ucciso l'Uomo Ragno--883 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Una Historia de Ellegibo--Ellegibo (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Ebeneezer Goode--The Shamen

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): End of the Road--Boyz II Men (6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 End of the Road--Boyz II Men (2nd week at #1)
2 Baby-Baby-Baby--TLC
3 Humpin' Around--Bobby Brown
4 November Rain--Guns N' Roses
5 Stay--Shakespears Sister
6 Giving Him Something He Can Feel--En Vogue
7 Sometimes Love Just Ain't Enough--Patty Smyth with Don Henley
8 Just Another Day--Jon Secada
9 The One--Elton John
10 All I Want--Toad the Wet Sprocket

Singles entering the chart were Free Your Mind by En Vogue (#66); I'd Die Without You by PM Dawn (#72); Start the Car by Jude Cole (#86); Drowning in Your Eyes by Ephraim Lewis (#92); and I Wanna Make Love to You by Rythm Syndicate (#93).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Sometimes Love Just Ain't Enough--Patty Smyth with Don Henley
2 The One--Elton John
3 Even Better than the Real Thing--U2
4 Lost Together--Blue Rodeo
5 This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna
6 Do I Have to Say the Words?--Bryan Adams
7 Stay--Shakespears Sister
8 Enid--Barenaked Ladies
9 Nothing Broken But My Heart--Celine Dion
10 November Rain--Guns N' Roses

Singles entering the chart were Friends by One 2 One (#59); When I Look Into Your Eyes by Firehouse (#80); Rest in Peace by Extreme (#85); Pure as Gold by Kim Mitchell (#86); Blood Makes Noise by Suzanne Vega (#93); and Do You Believe in Us by Jon Secada (#98).

Football
CFL
Ottawa (6-5) 54 @ Hamilton (6-5) 25
Toronto (3-8) 29 @ British Columbia (3-8) 36

Treamelle Taylor caught 2 touchdown passes and returned a punt 81 yards for another TD as the Rough Riders routed the Tiger-Cats before 17,682 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Jock Climie also caught 2 touchdown passes for Ottawa. Hamilton quarterback Don McPherson threw 3 touchdown passes, 2 to Nick Mazzoli and the other to Lee Knight.

The Lions gave up 25 points as a result of turnovers, but still beat the Argonauts before 34,646 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Rico Cartwright returned a punt 85 yards for a B.C. touchdown in the 1st quarter, but also fumbled 3 times. Ed Berry returned an interception 62 yards for a Toronto touchdown in the 2nd quarter, and Mark Waterman returned a fumble 11 yards for another Argonaut TD in the 4th quarter. It was the first game as Toronto’s head coach for Dennis Meyer, who had replaced Adam Rita five days earlier when Mr. Rita had been fired.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Barbie Girl--Aqua (3rd week at #1)

Abominations
53 people in the Algerian village of Guelb El-Kebir were massacred; the killers weren't identified, but the attack resembled other recent massacres by Islamic groups opposed to the Algerian government.

Society
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien finalized a $1.9-billion compensation agreement for sexual, physical and psychological abuse suffered by former students of 130 church-run Indian residential schools, funded by Indian Affairs from the 1870s until the mid-1970s. An estimated 80,000 aboriginal children attended these schools.

Disasters
An Intercity 125 passenger express train plowed into a freight train in west London, killing 6 people and injuring more than 150.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (7-5) 14 @ Winnipeg (3-9) 26

The rough tactics employed by the Blue Bombers in their win over the Lions at Winnipeg Stadium so upset B.C. head coach Adam Rita that instead of a postgame handshake with Winnipeg head coach Jeff Reinebold, Mr. Rita shoved him in the chest instead.

Monday, 18 September 2017

September 18, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Olga Kravtsova!

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
A new constitution in Maryland was adopted by popular vote.

120 years ago
1897


Baseball
Cy Young pitched his first major league no-hitter, leading the Cleveland Spiders to a 6-0 win over the Cincinnati Reds in the first game of a doubleheader at League Park in Cleveland. The Spiders completed the sweep with a 4-3 win in the second game.

The Pittsburgh Pirates beat the St. Louis Browns 13-10 at Exposition Park in Pittsburgh.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Francis Parker Yockey
. U.S. political philosopher. Mr. Yockey was a lawyer who hated Jews and admired National Socialism and Adolf Hitler. He was known for his book, published under the pseudonym Ulick Varange, Imperium: The Philosophy of History and Politics (1948). Mr. Yockey was unusual in advocating an alliance of right and left in order to save Western civilization. He travelled throughout the world and was pursued by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, and was finally arrested for carrying false passports. Mr. Yockey committed suicide at the age of 42 on June 16, 1960 by swallowing a cyanide capsule in his prison cell in San Francisco while awaiting trial. His ideas were subsequently popularized by Willis Carto, leader of the anti-Semitic organization Liberty Lobby.

June Foray. U.S. actress. Miss Foray, born June Forer, was primarlily a voice actress who provided the voices for numerous cartoon characters, including Rocky the Flying Squirrel and Granny in the Tweety cartoons. She died on July 26, 2017 at the age of 99.

90 years ago
1927


Radio
The Columbia Phonograph Broadcasting System (later CBS) debuted with a network of 16 stations.

80 years ago
1937


Baseball
Paul Waner had 3 hits as the Pittsburgh Pirates edged the Brooklyn Dodgers 3-2 at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The hits gave Mr. Waner 200 for the season, a National League modern-day record eighth season in which he had reached that figure. Cy Blanton pitched a 10-hit complete game to improve his 1937 record to 14-12, winning the pitchers' duel over Freddie Fitzsimmons, who pitched a 9-hitter and fell to 6-8 in a game that was played in 1 hour 43 minutes.

Elbie Fletcher led off the top of the 10th inning with a single and Bobby Reis followed with a double to drive him home with the winning run as the Boston Bees edged the St. Louis Cardinals 8-7 before 2,976 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

Lyn Lary's 3-run home run with 2 out climaxed a 6-run 8th inning rally as the Cleveland Indians came back from a 6-1 deficit to edge the Boston Red Sox 7-6 before 3,300 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The last 3 Cleveland runs were unearned as the result of an error by Boston third baseman Pinky Higgins.

The New York Yankees scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning and 4 in the 8th to defeat the Chicago White Sox 12-8 in the first game of a doubleheader before 24,010 fans at Yankee Stadium. Myril Hoag hit a 3-run home run for the Yankees in the 7th, and Bill Dickey added a 3-run homer in the 8th, while Frank Crosetti and Lou Gehrig homered in the 1st inning. Ivy Andrews pitched a 6-hitter, improving his 1937 record to 6-5, as the Yankees completed the sweep with a 4-0 win in the second game.

Bill Phebus and Joe Krakauskas were the respective winning pitchers as the Washington Nationals swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Browns 6-2 and 10-3 at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Al Simmons hit a 2-run home run for the Nationals in the first game and had 3 singles and 4 runs batted in in the second game.

75 years ago
1942


At the movies
Sherlock Holmes and the Voice of Terror, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, opened in theatres. It was the third Sherlock Holmes movie to star Messrs. Rathbone and Bruce, but the first of 12 to be made by Universal from 1942-1946, and the only one directed by John Rawlins. Thomas Gomez made his movie acting debut as the villainous character Meade.

Radio

The Canadian cabinet authorized the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/Radio Canada to start the CBC International Service; it came into being in 1945, and became Radio Canada International in 1972.

War
German infantry and tank forces reportedly made further advances in the northwest sector of Stalingrad and penetrated to the Volga River, north of the city. Australian and U.K. Royal Air Force bombers attacked Tobruk, Libya, while U.S. bombers hit Bengazi. German commander in Paris General Otto von Stulpnagel announced the execution of 116 "Communist terrorists" in reprisal for attacks on German occupation troops. British troops landed and occupied Madagascar's principal port, the east coast city of Tamatave.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull sent a note to the Japanese through the Swiss government saying that the Red Cross was caring for Japanese held in U.S. territory and asking whether or not Japan would reciprocate.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate and House of Representatives Banking and Currency committees approved two measures directing President Franklin D. Roosevelt to stabilize farm prices, wages, and salaries at either August 15 or September 15 levels.

Labour
U.S. Federal Communications Commission Chairman James Fly told a Senate subommittee that the proposed American Federation of Musicians ban on recording hurt the war effort; he called for legislative action.

70 years ago
1947


On the radio
Mystery in the Air, starring Peter Lorre, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Black Cat

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council formed a committee consisting of the U.S.A., Belgium, and Australia to mediate the conflict in the Netherlands East Indies.

Defense
The U.S. National Security Act of 1947, which unified the Army, Navy, and newly formed Air Force, went into effect. The Act also established the National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency.

World events
The Bulgarian Supreme Court rejected Agrarian Party leader Nikola Petkov's appeal for commutation of his death sentence.

Politics and government
U.K. Secretary of State for Burma Lord Listowel announced that Burma would receive its independence in January 1948, to be followed by immediate withdrawal of British troops.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers ended an 85-day strike of 3,800 drydock workers against the New York Shipbuilding Company, accepting a 12c hourly wage increase and an 8 1/2c increase for piece-rate workers.

60 years ago
1957


Television
The U.S. Federal Communications Commission announced that it would consider applications from stations to test subscription telecasts experimentally over a three-year period.

Politics and government
King Phumiphon of Thailand dissolved the National Assembly, ordered new general elections, and named Army commander-in-chief Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat as military governor of Bangkok pending the creation of a new government.

Brazil's Algoas State Assembly voted unanimously to impeach Governor Muniz Falcoa on charges that he was implicated in the recent murder of Dr. Jose Marques da Silva, an oppositional assembly member.

Energy
Japan's first nuclear power reactor began producing current on an experimental basis in Tokai, near Tokyo.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Lola--Los Brincos (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
John Cockcroft, 70
. U.K. physicist. Sir John, a significant figure in the development of nuclear power, shared the 1951 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles."

Music
The album Smiley Smile by the Beach Boys was released on Brother Records in the United States, and on Capitol Records elsewhere.

Boxing
Buster Mathis (21-0) scored a technical knockout of Ron Marsh (22-2) at 1:13 of the 4th round of their heavyweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. Marsh was knocked down five times.



Dave Downey (10-1) won a 12-round decision over Jim Meilleur (7-10-2) in Windsor, Ontario to win the vacant Canadian middleweight title.

Football
CFL
The Toronto Argonauts added quarterback Tom Wilkinson to their active roster; Mr. Wikinson had come to Canada with the Toronto Rifles of the Continental League in 1966, but began practicing with the Argonauts after the Rifles suspended operations after the second game of the 1967 season.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Boogie Nights--Heat Wave (7th week at #1)

Politics and government
Queen Elizabeth II opened the 3rd session of the 30th Canadian Parliament in Ottawa and read the Throne Speech for the first time since 1957.

Sport
Ted Turner captained his yacht Courageous to a successful defense of the America's Cup, completing a four-race sweep over the Australian.

Football
CFL
Montreal (8-2) 13 @ Toronto (4-6) 19
Hamilton (3-7) 17 @ Saskatchewan (6-4) 38

The Argonauts allowed 270 yards passing, but only 34 yards rushing as they beat the Alouettes before 47,138 fans at Exhibition Stadium.

The Roughriders scored 3 touchdowns in the 2nd quarter as they beat the Tiger-Cats before 21,307 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Saskatchewan running back Tommy Reamon, a former World Football League star, scored his first 2 CFL touchdowns.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Voyage Voyage--Desireless (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Américo Tomás, 92
. 13th President of Portugal, 1958-1974. Rear Admiral Tomás, a member of the National Union, was Minister of the Navy from 1944-1953 and 1953-1958, and was the third and last President of the authoritarian Estado Novo (New State). As President, Rear Admiral Tomás's powers were mostly ceremonial, but he exercised his prerogative in dismissing Prime Minister António Salazar in 1968 after Mr. Salazar had suffered a severe stroke, and appointing Marcello Caetano as Prime Minister. When Estado Novo's rule ended in 1974, Rear Admiral Tomás was exiled to Brazil; he was allowed to return to Portugal in 1980, but was denied re-admission to the Navy.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced that the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. would sign an agreement later in the year to reduce the number of nuclear missiles.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-9) 19 @ Calgary (5-7) 41

Gary Allen rushed 18 times for 106 yards and a touchdown and quarterbacks Rick Johnson and Rick Worman combined to throw 3 touchdown passes to lead the Stampeders over the Rough Riders in front of a McMahon Stadium crowd of 21,483. Rick Johnson started at quarterback for Calgary and completed a 41-yard touchdown pass to Larry Willis, but Mr. Johnson left in the 2nd quarter with a pinched nerve in his shoulder. Mr. Worman relieved him and threw 2 TD passes to Emanuel Tolbert. Linebacker Lemont Jeffers added a 2-point convert for the Stampeders on a pass from holder Glenn Harper. Shawn Faulkner rushed 1 yard for an Ottawa touchdown in the 1st quarter and Joe Paopao connected with Troy Smith for a 28-yard TD in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Tolberta caught 6 passes for 146 yards, while Ottawa’s Marc Lewis caught 11 for 122. Backup safety Darcy Kopp played quarterback for the Stampeders late in the game, throwing 1 incomplete pass.

CIAU
Western Ontario (2-0) 75 @ Toronto (1-1) 7

Ray Macoritti tied an Ontario University Athletic Association record for a single game with 10 converts and added a field goal and 2 singles as the Mustangs outscored the Varsity Blues 68-0 in the last 3 quarters before 4,200 fans at Varsity Stadium. John Wright rushed 14 times for 70 yards, and Rob Stewart carried 13 times for 74 and 1 touchdown. Other UWO touchdowns were scored by Mark Regan, Brendan Lenko, Dave Sapunjis, Dave Bean, Paul Bone, and Duane Forde. Mr. Bone scored on a 47-yard interception return in the 4th quarter. Ken Raymond scored the lone Toronto touchdown on a 6-yard pass from Rod Moors with 7 seconds remaining in the 1st quarter. It was the most lopsided win by the Mustangs over the Varsity Blues since the teams had begun playing against each other in 1929.

Baseball
Darrell Evans of the Detroit Tigers became the first 40-year-old major league player to hit 40 home runs in a season as the Tigers edged the Milwaukee Brewers 7-6 before 30,104 fans at Tiger Stadium, remaining 1/2 game ahead of the Toronto Blue Jays in the American League East Division pennant race. The Tigers almost blew a 7-0 lead, as the Brewers rallied for a run in the 8th inning and 5 in the 9th and had the potential tying run on first base when Greg Brock flied out to center field to end the game.

The Toronto Blue Jays scored 2 runs in each of the 2nd, 4th, and 7th innings to defeat the New York Yankees 6-3 before 34,110 fans at Yankee Stadium. Jim Clancy allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in 5+ innings, but was credited with the win, improving to 14-10 for 1987, while New York starter Neil Allen allowed 8 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 5 innings to drop to 0-8.

Marty Barrett had 4 hits and Jody Reed and Kevin Romine each had 3 for the Boston Red Sox as they beat the Baltimore Orioles 10-7 to get a split of their doubleheader before 19,000 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Boston starting pitcher Rob Woodward allowed 9 hits and 4 runs--3 earned--in 5 1/3 innings to get his first win of the season, and the fourth and last of his major league career. The Orioles overcame an early 3-0 deficit to win the first game 9-4.

Mark Langston pitched a 6-hitter, improving his 1987 record to 18-11, winning the pitchers' duel over Floyd Bannister, as the Seattle Mariners edged the Chicago White Sox 1-0 before 10,775 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. The only run scored in the 6th inning when John Christensen reached first base on an error by Chicago second baseman Pat Keedy with 1 out and Scott Bradley followed with a double to drive him home. Mr. Bannister pitched a 9-hit complete game, dropping to 13-11.

Randy Bush drove in 5 runs with a home run, single, and sacrifice fly to help the Minnesota Twins defeat the Cleveland Indians 9-4 before 23,173 fans at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis.

Steve Ontiveros allowed 4 hits in 6 1/3 innings and Eric Plunk followed with 2 2/3 innings of hitless relief as the Oakland Athletics shut out the Kansas City Royals 4-0 before 31,301 fans at Royals Stadium. Mike Davis doubled and scored the winning run in the 1st inning and hit a 2-run home run in the 8th. Mr. Ontiveros improved his 1987 record to 9-8, winning the pitchers' duel over Mark Gubicza, who fell to 11-17.

Bo Diaz batted 4 for 5 with a double, triple, run, and 3 runs batted in to help the Pittsburgh Pirates edge the New York Mets 10-9 before 15,308 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Darryl Strawberry, Tim Teufel, and Gary Carter hit home runs for the Mets.

Pinch hitter John Kruk singled home Tony Gwynn and then scored on a force play as the San Diego Padres scored 2 runs in the top of the 8th inning and held on to defeat the Houston Astros 2-1 before 13,182 fans at the Astrodome.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (8th week at #1)

Crime
A bomb planted by striking miner Roger Warren killed nine gold miners in Giant Mine, just outside Yellowknife. The victims were strikebreakers and replacement workers, and the incident took place during a labour dispute with the owner, Royal Oak Mines.

Business
Canadian Trade Minister Michael Wilson announced that South Korea was buying two CANDU nuclear reactors for $1 billion.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Candle in the Wind 1997/Something About the Way You Look Tonight--Elton John

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John

Died on this date
Jimmy Witherspoon, 77
. U.S. singer. Mr. Witherspoon was a jump blues singer who was best known for the single Ain't Nobody's Business (Parts 1 and 2), which reached #1 on the Billboard Rhythm and Blues chart in 1949, the first of four top 10 hits for him that year. His popularity as a recording artist in the United States soon declined, but he achieved popularity in the United Kingdom in the 1950s. Mr. Witherspoon died of throat cancer.

Defense
The Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention was adopted.

Business
Coopers & Lybrand and Price Waterhouse agreed to merge to create the world's biggest accounting firm.

10 years ago
2007


Politics and government
Pervez Musharraf announced that he would step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he was re-elected President.

Protest
Buddhist monks joined anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some called the Saffron Revolution.

Sunday, 17 September 2017

September 17, 2017

230 years ago
1787


Politics and government
The United States Constitution was signed in Philadelphia.

150 years ago
1867


Americana
Antietam National Cemetery was dedicated in Maryland on the fifth anniversary of the American Civil War Battle of Antietam.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Ib Melchior
. Danish-born U.S. author and screenwriter. Mr. Melchior, the son of opera singer Lauritz Melchior, was best known for science fiction novels and screenplays. He wrote and directed the movies The Angry Red Planet (1959) and The Time Travelers (1964), and co-wrote the screenplay for Robinson Crusoe on Mars (1964). Mr. Melchior died on March 14, 2015 at the age of 97.

Economics and finance

Canadian Finance Minister Sir Thomas White's "War Tax Upon Income", passed July 25 as a supposedly temporary wartime measure, went into effect as the first national tax on personal income on Canadians, taking 4% on all income of single men over $2,000. For others, the personal exemption was $3,000, while for those Canadians with annual incomes of more than $6,000, the tax rate ranged from 2%-25%.

75 years ago
1942


War
A Royal Canadian Navy warship attacked a German U-Boat in the St. Lawrence River near Rimouski, Québec before the submarine fled.
Hand-to-hand fighting broke out between Russian and German troops in the streets of the northwest sector of Stalingrad. Allied bombers and fighters made their ninth attack upon the Japanese base at Buna, New Guinea. U.S. Flying Fortress bombers completed three days of attacks on Rekata Bay, Santa Isabel Island, and on ship and shore installations at Gizo Island in the New Georgia group of islands. The Vichy French government said that British armistice terms for Madagascar were unacceptable and that French forces would continue the fight.

Diplomacy
U.S. presidential envoy Wendell Willkie arrived in Kuibyshev, Russia from Tehran.

Italian, Hungarian, and German diplomats in Brazil left for Lisbon.

Argentine President Ramon Castillo and Bolivian President Enrique Penaranda del Castillo met in Yacuiba, Bolivia for a conference on trade and transportation.

Labour
U.S. Office of War Information Director Elmer Davis said that the proposed American Federation of Musicians ban on recording threatened the morale of the nation by depriving it of entertainment.

The U.S. National War Labor Board ordered a 4c-per-hour increase for General Motors workers and a maintenance of membership provision in their contract.

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
The Ecuadorian Congress elected Carlos Arosemena acting President to replace temporary President Mariano Suarez Veintimilla.

James V. Forrestal was sworn in as the first U.S. Secretary of Defense, with orders from President Harry Truman to immediately complete the unification of the armed forces.

Former Nationalist Chinese Premier T.V. Soong was named Governor of Kwangtung Province.

Economics and finance
The World Bank and International Monetary Fund meetings in London ended after the Bank admitted Finland, approved an agreement on its relations with the United Nations, and established a 10-man advisory board.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers filed the first test case against the National Labor Relations Board's right under the Taft-Hartley Act to require affidavits from union leaders affirming that they were not Communists.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (1-2) 34 @ Hamilton (0-2) 25

60 years ago
1957


World events
Troops led by Thai Army commander-in-chief Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat seized control of Thailand's government and ousted Prime Minister Pibul Songgram in response to Mr. Pibul's demand that high officials severed private business connections.

Diplomacy
The United Nations opened its 12th annual session in New York, electing Sir Leslie Munro of New Zealand as its President. The General Assembly voted to admit the Federation of Malaya as the 82nd UN member.

Society
Legendary American jazz trumpeter and singer Louis Armstrong confirmed reports that he had cancelled a government-sponsored tour of the U.S.S.R. because "the way they are treating my people in the South, they can go to hell. It's getting so bad, a colored man hasn't got any country."

Labour
The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations Ethical Practices Committee approved a report accusing Teamsters union leaders of misusing union funds, aiding labour racketeers, and tolerating a wide variety of corrupt practices. The committee also accused the Bakery and Confectionery Workers union and the United Textile Workers union of failing to live up to AFL-CIO ethical standards.

50 years ago
1967


Football
CFL
Hamilton (5-1) 16 @ Ottawa (3-4) 14
Saskatchewan (6-2) 16 @ Winnipeg (3-5) 17
British Columbia (1-6-1) 8 @ Edmonton (3-5-1) 19

Tommy-Joe Coffey, who had earlier kicked field goals of 25 and 32 yards, connected from 28 yards with 1 second remaining in the game to give the Tiger-Cats their win over the Rough Riders before 27,058 fans at Lansdowne Park. Ron Stewart scored 2 touchdowns for the Rough Riders.

Ken Nielsen and Bill Van Burkleo scored touchdowns for the Blue Bombers as they overcame a 16-0 halftime deficit to upset the Roughriders before 21,681 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. George Reed scored a Saskatchewan touchdown.

Randy Kerbow scored a touchdown on a 56-yard pass from Frank Cosentino and Art Perkins added a TD for the Eskimos as they defeated the Lions before 20,000 fans at Clarke Stadium in the first professional football game to be played in Edmonton on a Sunday. Peter Kempf added 2 converts, a field goal and a single, while Mr. Kerbow punted for a single. Jim Young scored the B.C. touchdown, while Ted Gerela added a convert and a single. B.C. tight end Hugh McInnis caught 2 passes for 30 yards in his only Canadian Football League game. It was the second game in an Edmonton uniform for former B.C. defensive back Ernie "Pokey" Allen, and the last game of his 3-year CFL career.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ti Amo'--Umberto Tozzi (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Ti Amo'--Umberto Tozzi

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Sorry, I'm a Lady--Baccara

#1 single in Ireland: I Need You--Joe Dolan (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Way Down--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Best of My Love--Emotions (5th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't Stop--Fleetwood Mac
2 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
3 Float On--The Floaters
4 Handy Man--James Taylor
5 Telephone Line--Electric Light Orchestra
6 On and On--Stephen Bishop
7 Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band--Meco
8 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb
9 Strawberry Letter 23--The Brothers Johnson
10 Smoke from a Distant Fire--Sanford/Townsend Band

Singles entering the chart were Changes in Latitudes, Changes in Attitudes by Jimmy Buffett (#86); Rollin' with the Flow by Charlie Rich (#95); You're Moving Out Today by Carole Bayer Sager (#97); Be My Lady by the Meters (#98); Red Hot by Robert Gordon (#99); and (Every Time I Turn Around) Back in Love Again by L.T.D. (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Handy Man--James Taylor
2 Don't Stop--Fleetwood Mac
3 Telephone Line--Electric Light Orchestra
4 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
5 How Much Love--Leo Sayer
6 Barracuda--Heart
7 Float On--The Floaters
8 Give a Little Bit--Supertramp
9 Que Sera Sera--The Raes
10 Just a Song Before I Go--Crosby, Stills & Nash

Singles entering the chart were Devil's Gun by C.J. & Co. (#73); Brickhouse by the Commodores (#74); Surfin' U.S.A. by Leif Garrett (#76); Sometimes When We Touch by Dan Hill (#82); The Right Feeling at the Wrong Time by Hot (#87); It's in His Kiss (The Shoop Shoop Song) by Kate Taylor (#89); We're All Alone by Rita Coolidge (#90); C'est la Vie by Greg Lake (#91); We're Here for a Good Time by Trooper (#92); Little Queen by Heart (#93); Come Sail Away by Styx (#94); Set Me Free by Jackson Hawke (#98); and Funk it Up (David's Song) by Sweet (#100).

Football

CFL
British Columbia (8-2) 20 @ Edmonton (5-4) 18
Winnipeg (5-5) 10 @ Calgary (2-8) 16

Lui Passaglia kicked a 31-yard field goal on the last play of the game to give the Lions their win over the Eskimos at Clarke Stadium. Dave Cutler had kicked a field goal just a couple of minutes earlier to give the Eskimos the lead.

Ray Odums returned an interception 49 yards for a touchdown and Cyril McFall kicked 3 field goals in the 4th quarter as the Stampeders ended a 7-game losing streak by upsetting the Blue Bombers before 27,188 fans at McMahon Stadium. John Hufnagel played most of the game at quarterback for Calgary, but backup Matthew Reed saw some playing time, and showed his strength on one play when four Winnipeg defenders had hold of him behind the line of scrimmage and prevented him from passing or running, but were unable to bring him down, and the referee finally blew the whistle with Mr. Reed still standing. Another unusual play occurred late in the game when Mr. Hufnagel took a snap and went to one knee to ground the ball, but no time went off the clock during the play.

30 years ago
1987


Diplomacy
On the third day of talks in Washington toward a treaty on intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF), the U.S.S.R. agreed that West Germany’s 72 Pershing missiles would not be included in the treaty. In return, U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz reportedly said that the nuclear warheads for the missiles, which the U.S.A. controlled, would be dismantled. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev said an INF treaty could be concluded by the end of the year and would pave the way for a treaty on long-range weapons in 1988.

Newfoundland Premier Brian Peckford pulled Newfoundland out of negotiations between Canada and France over a boundary dispute because the government of Canada was set to give away valuable fish stocks off the province's coast. France claimed a 200-mile boundary around the islands of St-Pierre and Miquelon while Canada recognized a 12-mile limit for the French islands.

Politics and government
Philippines President Corazon Aquino removed her closest adviser, Joker Arroyo, and another assistant, from her cabinet. Both had been regarded as leftists by the military.

Labour
Ford Motor Company and United Auto Workers reached a tentative three-year contract settlement guaranteeing that Ford’s 104,000 workers would not be laid off unless the industry as a whole went into decline, and Ford agreed to close no plants during the term of the contract. The workers would get a 3% increase in their base wage in the first year and 3% lump-sum payments in the next two years.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
W. A. Swanberg, 84
. U.S. author. Mr. Swanberg was a biographer of notable American political and media figures. He won the Pulitzer Prize for Luce and his Empire (1972) and the National Book Award for Norman Thomas: The Last Idealist (1976). Other notable titles of Mr. Swanberg included Citizen Hearst: A Biography of William Randolph Hearst (1961); Dreiser (1965); and Pulitzer (1967).

Roger Wagner, 78. French-born U.S. choirmaster. Mr. Wagner founded the Roger Wagner Chorale in 1946; the group of about 200 singers became internationally famous through recordings, concerts, and radio and television appearances.

Sadegh Sharafkandi, 54; Fattah Abdoli; Homayoun Ardalan. Iranian politician. Mr. Sharafkandi was a Kurdish political activist and the Secretary-General of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (PDKI). Messrs. Sharafkandi, Abdoli, and Ardalan, along with their translator, Nouri Dehkordi, were assassinated at the Mykonos Restaurant in Berlin by Kazem Darabi, an Iranian national who worked as a grocer in Berlin, and Lebanese national Abbas Rhayel. The court that convicted the assassins issued an international arrest warrant in 1997 for Iranian intelligence minister Hojjat al-Islam Ali Fallahian after declaring that the assassination had been ordered by him with knowledge of supreme leader Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and president Ayatollah Rafsanjani.

Oil
Ecuadorean President Rodrigo Borja Cevallos announced that his country was withdrawing from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries in the wake of OPEC’s refusal to increase Ecuador’s production quota and also because of the annual $2 million membership fee. Ecuador remained an associate of OPEC.

Economics and finance
Statistics Canada reported record Canadian trade levels: exports rose to $13.1 billion; imports to $12.5 billion in July; there was a merchandise trade surplus of $623 million; and a projected federal deficit of $30 billion.

The United States Commerce Department reported that the merchandise trade deficit had jumped to $7.82 billion in July.

20 years ago
1997


At the movies
This blogger attended a pre-release screening of L.A. Confidential (1997). The film opened in theatres two days later.

Died on this date
Red Skelton, 84
. U.S. actor and comedian. Richard Skelton was known for his pantomime skills, but first achieved popularity on radio in the late 1930s, hosting his own show in the 1940s and early '50s. He hosted The Red Skelton Show on television from 1951-1971, playing characters such as Freddie the Freeloader and Clem Kadiddlehopper. Mr. Skelton was also known for his numerous oil paintings of clowns, and composed music and wrote short stories.

10 years ago
2007


Politics and government
New Democratic Party candidate Ève-Mary Thaï Thi Lac won a Canadian federal by-election in the Quebec riding of Saint-Hyacinthe–Bagot, becoming the first Membe of Parliament of Vietnamese origin and the first NDP candidate elected in Quebec in 1990.

Saturday, 16 September 2017

September 16, 2017

225 years ago
1792


Died on this date
Tây Sơn Thái Tổ, 39 (?)
. Emperor of Vietnam, 1788-1792. Tây Sơn Thái Tổ, born Nguyễn Huệ, came to power with Chinese help, overthrowing the Later Lê dynasty. He died of a possible stroke, and was succeeded by Cảnh Thịnh.

175 years ago
1842


Politics and government
The first LaFontaine-Baldwin cabinet was formed in the Province of Canada, eventually leading to responsible government.

160 years ago
1857


Music
The song Jingle Bells by James Pierpont was copyrighted under its original title, One Horse Open Sleigh.

150 years ago
1867


Disasters
200 houses were destroyed in a fire in St.-Pierre, capital of the French overseas territory of St.-Pierre and Miquelon.

Football
Two non-organized clubs, calling themselves the Rough Riders and the Senators, played the Ottawa region's earliest recorded rugby football game.

80 years ago
1937


Baseball
In the Mexican League, Martin Dihigo of Veracruz pitched a no-hitter to lead the home team to a 4-0 win over Nogales. It was the first professional no-hitter ever pitched in Mexico.

75 years ago
1942


War
Russian forces recaptured Marnal Hill and wiped out German tank forces that had driven into the outer defenses of Stalingrad in the northwest sector. Japanese troops reached Ioribaiwa, New Guinea, only 32 miles fom the Allied base at Port Moresby. Madagascar Governor General Armand Annet asked British Lieutenant General Sir William Platt for armistice terms.

Politics and government
The New York State Supreme Court Appellate Division reversed a State Supreme Court order barring the Communist Party from the November 3 election ballot.

Labour
A U.S. National War Labor Board panel recommended a $1-per-day increase for 10,000 copper, lead, and zinc miners in Idaho and Utah.

Baseball
Ben Chapman, pitcher and manager for the Richmond Colts of the Class B Piedmont League, punched umpire I.H. Case; the assault resulted in Mr. Chapman's suspension for the remainder of the 1942 season and the entire 1943 season.

70 years ago
1947


War
Citing a Big Four failure oto agree on an Austrian peace treaty, the United Kingdom formally ended her state of war against Austria to permit commercial dealings. Yugoslavian forces occupied the Isonzo River north of Trieste and moved up to the new Italian-Yugoslavian border immediately after the Italian peace treaty took effect.

Defense
The Canadian Parliament published a White Paper on the Defense of Canada.

Politics and government
Hungary's recently-elected parliament held its first session and elected Communist Imre Nagy as House speaker.

Journalism
The Argentine anti-Peron newspaper Vanguardia appeared in Buenos Aires in an underground edition after being suspended on August 28 by the government of President Juan Peron.

Economics and finance
Wholesale prices of 30 basic commodities in the United States again reached a record high of 287% of the 1930-1932 average.

Disasters
Typhoon Kathleen hit Saitama, Tokyo, and the Tone River area of Japan, killing at least 1,930 people.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Tammy--Debbie Reynolds (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--5th week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Broz Tito and Polish Communist Party First Secretary Wladyslaw Gomulka signed a joint declaration in Belgrade promising to promote "cooperation between socialist countries."

Labour
6,500 Aluminum Company of Canada employees in Arvida, Québec ended a four-month strike.

Health
Canada was hit by an epidemic of Asian flu.

Energy
The first nuclear chain reaction to be achieved in Latin America was set off in Sao Paulo in an experimental reactor used for training nuclear engineers.

Business
Los Angeles City Council voted to offer the Brooklyn Dodgers the 300-acre Chavez Ravine ballpark site and $2 million worth of levelling work as an inducement for the National League baseball team to move.

Labour
23,800 telephone equipment installers struck in 44 U.S. states in a wage dispute between the Communications Workers union and Western Electric Company.

Football
WIFU
Calgary (4-3) 27 @ Saskatchewan (2-5) 44
Winnipeg (5-2) 41 @ British Columbia (1-7) 21

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Don't Sleep in the Subway--Petula Clark

#1 single in France: Adios Amor--Sheila (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Nel sole--Al Bano (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry (4th week at #1)
2 The Letter--The Box Tops
3 Reflections--Diana Ross and the Supremes
4 Come Back When You Grow Up--Bobby Vee and the Strangers
5 Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie--Jay and the Techniques
6 Baby I Love You--Aretha Franklin
7 You're My Everything--The Temptations
8 San Franciscan Nights--Eric Burdon & the Animals
9 All You Need is Love--The Beatles
10 Cold Sweat (Part 1)--James Brown and the Famous Flames

Singles entering the chart were Your Precious Love by Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell (#64); You Keep Running Away by the Four Tops (#68); More Than the Eye Can See by Al Martino (#82); The Last Waltz by Engelbert Humperdinck (#87); You've Made Me So Very Happy by Brenda Holloway (#90); Fall in Love with Me by Bettye Swan (#92); The Look of Love by Dusty Springfield (#93); On the Other Side by the Seekers (#96); and I'll Release You by Joann Bon and the Coquettes (#98).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry
2 Come Back When You Grow Up--Bobby Vee and the Strangers
3 Reflections--Diana Ross and the Supremes
4 San Franciscan Nights--Eric Burdon & the Animals
5 All You Need is Love--The Beatles
6 Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie--Jay and the Techniques
7 You're My Everything--The Temptations
8 A Girl Like You--The Young Rascals
9 Every Little Bit Hurts--The Spencer Davis Group
10 Paper Sun--Traffic featuring Steve Winwood

Singles entering the chart were Little Ole Man (Uptight–Everything’s Alright) by Bill Cosby (#60); The Look of Love by Dusty Springfield (#70); Fisherwoman by the Collectors (#78); Death of a Clown by Dave Davies (#79); Let Love Come Between Us by James & Bobby Purify (#80); Hey Baby (They're Playing Our Song) by the Buckinghams (#83); A Banda by Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass (#85); Soul Man by Sam and Dave (#86); For What it's Worth by the Staple Singers (#87); What Now My Love by Mitch Ryder (#91); Sunshine Games by the Music Explosion (#92); Quando Quando by Bobby Curtola (#94); Your Precious Love by Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell (#95); You've Made Me So Very Happy by Brenda Holloway (#96); You're a Very Lovely Woman by the Merry-Go-Round (#97); I'll Never Fall in Love Again by Tom Jones (#98); Hole in My Shoe by Traffic (#99); and Wednesday by the Royal Guardsmen (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 The Letter--The Box Tops
2 There is a Mountain--Donovan
3 I Had a Dream--Paul Revere and the Raiders
4 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry
5 Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie--Jay and the Techniques
6 San Franciscan Nights--Eric Burdon & the Animals
7 Happy--The Sunshine Company
8 Thank the Lord for the Night Time--Neil Diamond
9 I Dig Rock and Roll Music--Peter, Paul and Mary
10 We Love You--The Rolling Stones

This was the final CFUN chart, as the station changed formats two days later.

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 The Letter--The Box Tops (2nd week at #1)
2 Happy--The Sunshine Company
3 There is a Mountain--Donovan
4 I Had a Dream--Paul Revere and the Raiders
5 To Sir with Love--Lulu
6 Never My Love--The Association
7 Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie--Jay and the Techniques
8 I Dig Rock and Roll Music--Peter, Paul and Mary
9 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry
10 She Knows--Bobby Darin

Singles entering the chart were Incense and Peppermints by the Strawberry Alarm Clock (#23); You're a Very Lovely Woman by the Merry-Go-Round (#24); You Keep Running Away by the Four Tops (#26); Anything Goes by Harpers Bizarre (#27); Sunshine Games by the Music Explosion (#28); and Gettin' Together by Tommy James and the Shondells (#30).

Boxing
Oscar Bonavena (31-3) won a 12-round unanimous decision over Karl Mildenberger (52-4-3) at Waldstadion/Radrennbahn in Frankfurt, West Germany in a bout that was part of the World Boxing Association elimination tournament to find a world champion to replace Muhammad Ali, who had been stripped of the title for refusing induction into the United States Army. Mr. Mildenberger was knocked down in rounds 1, 4, 7, and 10.



Football
CFL
Calgary (7-1) 4 @ Montreal (2-4) 0

Bill Goods kicked an 11-yard field goal and Larry Robinson added a single on a missed field goal to account for the scoring, but the Stampeders almost lost the game on the last play when Montreal defensive end John Baker recovered a fumble and returned it 19 yards, but was brought down before he was able to score, in part because he was slowed down by interference from some of the 14,000 fans at Molson Stadium who had gone onto the field.

Continental League
Toronto (1-3) 3 @ Hartford (3-1) 16
Norfolk 20 @ Charleston (0-4) 13
Montreal 14 @ Orlando 45

John Torok completed a 68-yard touchdown pass to Terry Best in the 2nd quarter and a 20-yard TD pass to Mr. Best with 5 seconds left in the game as the Charter Oaks beat the Rifles in what turned out to be the last game the Toronto team ever played. Bill Shockley converted one of the touchdowns and added a 41-yard field goal. Clem Turner's 19-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter accounted for the Toronto scoring. Eagle Day, in his final professional game, went the distance at quarterback for the Rifles, with coach Bubba Marriott dressed as his backup. Mr. Marriott was dressed because the other Toronto quarterback, John Henry Jackson, was stopped by U.S. immigration authorities at the border because of problems over his draft status, which he thought had been cleared up two years earlier. The Rifles had played 2 games when the league suspended the team's operations on Sept. 5 for failure to meet financial obligations, but had restored the franchise on Sept. 11, declaring their cancelled third game to be a loss by forfeit. The Rifles folded for good after the game in Hartford.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Maria Callas, 53
. U.S.-born singer. Miss Callas, born Sophia Cecelia Kalos, was one of the most famous operatic sopranos of the 20th century. She was born in New York City, but grew up in Greece before returning to the United States, where her popularity peaked in the 1950s. Miss Callas' later years were plagued by personal and health problems, and she died of a heart attack.

Marc Bolan, 29. U.K. musician. Mr. Bolan, born Mark Feld, was the lead singer and guitarist with the "Glam Rock" group T. Rex, who were popular in Britain in the early 1970s. He was a passenger in a car driven by his girlfriend, singer Gloria Jones, when she lost control of the car and it crashed, killing him instantly and leaving her with a broken arm and broken jaw. Mr. Bolan died two weeks before his 30th birthday.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau shuffled his cabinet, creating two new posts.

Economics and finance
Revised food stamp and farm aid legislation cleared the U.S. Congress.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Christopher Soames, 66
. U.K. politician and diplomat. Mr. Soames, a Conservative and son-in-law of former Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill, represented Bedford in the House of Commons from 1950-1966, holding two cabinet posts in the governments of Prime Ministers Harold Macmillan and Sir Alec Douglas-Home from 1958-1964. He was given a life peerage in 1978, and as Lord Soames, was Leader of the House of Lords from 1979-1981. He died of pancreatitis, 26 days before his 67th birthday.

Kermit Wahl, 64. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Wahl was an infielder with the Cincinnati Reds (1944-1945, 1947); Philadelphia Athletics (1950-1951); and St. Louis Browns (1951), batting .226 with 3 home runs and 50 runs batted in in 231 games. In 8 years in the minor leagues from 1944-1954, he batted .274 wit 51 home runs and at least 325 RBIs in 663 games. Mr. Wahl died of cancer.

Environment
Representatives of 24 countries, meeting in Montreal, approved a treaty designed to preserve the ozone layer. The signatories agreed to freeze world production of the most frequently used chlorofluorocarbons regarded as responsible for the destruction of ozone. The Montreal Protocol also provided for a 50% reduction of world output of the chemicals by 1999, while production of another group of compounds, halons, would be frozen in 1992. The treaty would become effective when ratified by 11 countries representing at least 2/3 of all consumption of chlorofluorocarbons.

Politics and government
Philippines Vice-President Salvador Laurel resigned his position as foreign minister, saying that he had fundamental differences with President Corazon Aquino on the country’s Communist insurgency. Mrs. Aquino also replaced her finance minister.

Baseball
Bob Boone of the California Angels played his 1,919th career major league game as a catcher, breaking the record formerly held by Al Lopez. He batted 0 for 4 wit 4 putouts as the Angels defeated the Kansas City Royals 6-4 before 18,739 fans at Royals Stadium. The Royals had the bases loaded with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning, but Danny Tartabull struck out and Frank White grounded into a force play to end the game.

Jimmy Key allowed 6 hits in 7 scoreless innings to improve his 1987 record to 17-6 as the Toronto Blue Jays shut out the Baltimore Orioles 7-0 before 29,353 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. Baltimore catcher Floyd Rayford batted 1 for 3 and made 6 putouts in the 390th and last game of his 7-year major league career.

Stan Stanicek made his major league debut as a pinch hitter for the Milwaukee Brewers, reaching first base on an error by New York third baseman Mike Pagliarulo and coming around to score as the Brewers scored 3 unearned runs in the top of the 7th inning to overcome a 4-2 deficit and defeat the New York Yankees 5-4 before 20,232 fans at Yankee Stadium. Ted Higuera pitched a 6-hit complete game, allowing 4 earned runs as he improved his record for the season to 17-9.

The Chicago White Sox scored 5 runs inthe 5th inning and 7 in the 6th as they defeated the Minnesota Twins 13-10 before 8,921 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Chicago shortstop Ozzie Guillen hit 3 doubles, and designated hitter Harold Baines drove in 4 runs. The Twins scored 7 runs in the last 3 innings.

Dwight Gooden pitched a 3-hitter, striking out 11, and had 2 hits and 2 runs of his own to lead the New York Mets to a 10-0 shutout of the Montreal Expos before 31,859 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Charlie Lea, who had missed all of the 1985 and 1986 seasons because of a torn rotator cuff, started on the ound for Montreal in his first major league game in 3 years, but lasted just 1+ innings, allowing 4 hits, 4 runs--all earned--with 4 bases on balls, 1 strikeout, and 2 wild pitches in taking the loss; it was his last game in a Montreal uniform. Nelson Santovenia made his major league debut with the Expos, catching the 9th inning and making 1 putout.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 7 runs in the 7th inning to overcome a 4-1 deficit as they defeated the Chicago Cubs 8-5 before 17,598 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 6 runs in the first 3 innings and held on to beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 8-5 before 15,323 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh first baseman Bo Diaz hit 2 home runs and a double, scoring 3 runs and driving in 3.

Mark Grant pitched a 2 hitter, striking out 9 batters, to lead the San Diego Padres over the Atlanta Braves 3-0 before 7,892 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Abba-esque--Erasure (13th week at #1)

Died on this date
Millicent Fenwick, 82
. U.S. politician. Mrs. Fenwick, a Republican, represented New Jersey's 5th District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1975-1983 before serving as United States Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture from 1983-1987.

Crime
The trial of deposed Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega ended in the United States with a 40-year sentence for drug trafficking and money laundering.

Economics and finance
Italy and the United Kingdom withdrew from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism and let its currency float, effectively devaluing the lira and pound, respectively.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Wednesday

Brian Perry of the Canadian Tax Foundation said that taxes were increasing; an OECD report said that Canada's tax revenues were up to 39.4% of Gross National Product in 1991, up from 37.1% in 1990 and 34.5% in 1989, versus the U.S. rate of under 30%.

The Canadian House of Commons passed a bill ending the Family Allowance baby bonus system. It was replaced by more support for the working poor, and an earned income supplement for those working, with the benefit shrinking as income rose.

20 years ago
1997


Environment
Canadian Heritage Minister Sheila Copps rejected a business development plan for the town of Banff, Alberta; the plan had serious environmental implications.

10 years ago
2007


Abominations
Mercenaries working for Blackwater Worldwide shot and killed 17 Iraqis and wounded 20 others in Nisour Square, Baghdad while escorting a U.S. embassy convoy.

Disasters
One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82, carrying 128 crew and passengers crashes in Thailand killing 89 people.