Wednesday, March 4, 2015

March 4, 2015

350 years ago
1665


War
King Charles II of England declared war on the Netherlands, marking the start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War.

225 years ago
1790


Franciana
France was divided into 83 départements, cutting across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on ownership of land by the nobility.

210 years ago
1805


Politics and government
Thomas Jefferson was inaugurated into his second term as the 3rd President of the United States of America.

190 years ago
1825


Politics and government
John Quincy Adams was inaugurated as the 6th President of the United States of America.

170 years ago
1845


Politics and government
James K. Polk was inaugurated as the 11th President of the United States of America.

150 years ago
1865


Americana
The third and final national flag of the Confederate States of America was adopted by the Confederate Congress.

Politics and government
Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated into his second term as the 16th President of the United States of America.

Samuel Leonard Tilley was defeated in New Brunswick elections in what was seen as a vote against Confederation with Canada.

130 years ago
1885

Politics and government

Grover Cleveland was inaugurated as the 22nd President of the United States of America.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Norman Bethune
. Canadian physician. Dr. Bethune, a native of Gravenhurst, Ontario, was a thoracic surgeon who joined the Communist Party of Canada after visiting the U.S.S.R. in 1935. He aided the Loyalist forces in the Spanish Civil War in 1936-1937, where he pioneered a mobile blood transfusion service. Dr. Bethune went to China in 1938, where he aided the forces of Communist leader Mao Zedong. He died of blood poisoning at the age of 49 on November 12, 1939, after cutting his finger while operating on a soldier.

Britannica
The longest bridge in Great Britain, the Forth Bridge in Scotland, measuring 1,710 feet (520 metres) long, was opened by the Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VII.

110 years ago
1905


Politics and government
Theodore Roosevelt was inaugurated into a term in his own right as the 26th President of the United States of America. Mr. Roosevelt had succeeded William McKinley as President upon Mr. McKinley's death on September 14, 1901.

100 years ago
1915


Died on this date
William Willett, 58
. U.K. builder. Mr. Willett was a house builder who was better known for his advocacy of daylight saving time. He died of influenza a year before British Summer Time went into effect during World War I.

90 years ago
1925


Died on this date
John Montgomery Ward, 65
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Ward was a pitcher, outfielder, and shortstop with the Providence Grays (1878-1882); New York Gothams and Giants (1883-1889, 1893-1894); Brooklyn Wonders (1890); and Brooklyn Bridegrooms (1891-1892), batting .275 with 26 home runs and 869 runs batted in in 1,827 games. He pitched from 1878-1884, posting a record of 164-103 with an earned run average of 2.10. Mr. Ward's best season was 1879, when he was 47-19 with an ERA of 2.15, while batting .286 with 2 homers and 41 RBIs. On June 17, 1880 he pitched the second perfect game in major league history as the Grays blanked the Buffalo Bisons 5-0; the game occurred just five days after Lee Richmond had pitched the first perfect game in major league history. Mr. Ward died of pneumonia the day after his 65th birthday; he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1964.

Politics and government
Calvin Coolidge was inaugurated into a term in his own right as the 30th President of the United States of America. His inaugural address, the first to be broadcast on radio, was carried by 21 stations. Mr. Coolidge had succeeded Warren G. Harding as President upon Mr. Harding's death on August 2, 1923.

75 years ago
1940

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Beryl Coronet

War
Soviet troops crossed Viborg Bay on the ice to the Finnish mainland west of Viborg, virtually completing the capture of the city.

Diplomacy
Italy protested British orders to seize coal-laden ships leaving German ports.

The Romanian government rejected the Italian offer to join the Anti-Comintern Pact.

Protest
Meeting in Jerusalem, the National Council of Palestinian Jews adopted a resolution stating that it could not accept the new British regulations limiting Jewish land purchases in agricultural areas of Palestine.

Economics and finance
A Gallup Poll reported that 55% of Americans favoured lending the U.K. and France money for arms an supplies should it appear that Germany was going to win the European war.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill extending provisions of the Bankruptcy Act for farmers until March 4, 1944.

New Zealand acting Prime Minister Peter Fraser announced that a $5-million loan by the Bank of New Zealand to the government for war purposes would be interest-free for the war's duration.

Agriculture
H.L. Mitchell of the Southern Tenant Farmers Union delcared that nearly one million families had been displaced from southern cotton farms in the United States since 1930 because of mechanization.

Disasters
An ice storm from eastern Pennsylvania to Boston caused greater damage than the 1938 hurricane.

Basketball
NCAA
Purdue University defeated the University of Illinois to win the Big Ten championship.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Lucille La Verne, 72
. U.S. actress. Miss La Verne was a noted stage and film actress who is best remembered for providing the voice of the evil stepmother in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937).

Mark Sandrich, 44. U.S. film director. Mr. Sandrich, born Mark Goldstein, directed such movies as The Gay Divorcee (1934); Top Hat (1935); Shall We Dance (1937); and Holiday Inn (1942). He died suddenly of heart failure.

War
Finland, formerly an ally of Germany, declared war on Germany. Reaching to within 2 miles of Cologne, U.S. troops in Germany seized Koenigsdorf and entered Widdersdorf and Loevenich. Soviet troops reached the Baltic coast of Pomerania in the vicinity of Kolberg. The U.S. 6th Army completed clearing Manila of Japanese forces, a month after entering the city. The Japanese garrison, originally consisting of 20,000 naval soldiers, was eliminated.

Diplomacy
The United States invited 39 nations to attend the conference in San Francisco in April to draw up a charter for an international organization.

Economics and finance
The Inter-American Conference in Mexico City approved eight resolutions concerning economic problems of World War II.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Softly, Softly--Ruby Murray (3rd week at #1)

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): I'll Never Find Another You--The Seekers (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The United States Information Agency announced that it would close its libraries in Indonesia, which had been under attack since 1958.

40 years ago
1975


On television today
Proceedings of a Canadian parliamentary committee in Ottawa were televised for the first time.

Britannica
Movie legend Charles Chaplin was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Amante Bandido--Miguel Bosé (2nd week at #1)

Health
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved a blood test for AIDS infection, used since then for screening all blood donations in the United States.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): All or Nothing--Milli Vanilli

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor

#1 single in Switzerland: Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Hank Gathers, 23. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Gathers, a center with Loyola Marymount University, had led the National Collegiate Athletic Association in scoring and rebounding the previous season as a junior, and was averaging 28.8 points in 1989-90, leading the West Coast Conference. He was projected to be a first-round choice in the 1990 National Basketball Association draft. Mr. Gathers, who had collapsed during a game because of a heart arrythmia three months earlier, collapsed again during the first half of his team’s game in Los Angeles against Portland. He was rushed to hospital, and died 1 hour and 41 minutes later.

World events
Negro nationalists believed to be sympathetic to the African National Congress overthrew the president of the president of the South African "homeland" of Ciskei.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Another Night--Real McCoy (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Scatman (Ski Ba Bop Ba Dop Bop)--Scatman John

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): A Girl Like You--Edwyn Collins (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Think Twice--Celine Dion (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Take a Bow--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Take a Bow--Madonna (3rd week at #1)
2 Creep--TLC
3 On Bended Knee--Boyz II Men
4 If You Love Me--Brownstone
5 Strong Enough--Sheryl Crow
6 Hold My Hand--Hootie & the Blowfish
7 You Gotta Be--Des'ree
8 Sukiyaki--4 P.M.
9 I Know--Dionne Farris
10 Every Day of the Week--Jade

Singles entering the chart were Foe Tha Love of $ by Bone Thugs N Harmony featuring Eazy-E (#67) and Where I Wanna Be Boy by Missjones (#80).

Died on this date
eden ahbez, 86
. U.S. musician. Mr. ahbez, born George Alexander Aberle, was a pianist and dance band leader in Kansas City who moved to Los Angeles and adopted a "nature boy" lifestyle, growing a beard and long hair, living outdoors, studying Oriental mysticism, and observing a vegetarian diet. Mr. ahbez, who believed that God and Infinity were the only words deserving capitalization, was best known for writing the song Nature Boy, which was a major hit for Nat "King" Cole in 1948. Other songs written by Mr. ahbez included End of Desire and Lonely Island. He died from injuries sustained in a car accident.

Monday, March 2, 2015

March 3, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry and Irishka!

170 years ago
1845


Americana
Florida was admitted to the Union as the 27th state.

Politics and government
On his last full day in office, John Tyler became the first President of the United States to have a veto of his overridden by Congress.

150 years ago
1865


Business
Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group, opened.

140 years ago
1875


Opera
Georges Bizet's opera Carmen received its première performance at the Opéra-Comique in Paris.

Hockey
The first ever organized indoor game of hockey is played in Montreal, as recorded in the Montreal Gazette.

130 years ago
1885


Business
American Telephone & Telegraph Company was incorporated in New York.

110 years ago
1905


Politics and government
Czar Nicholas II of Russia agreed to create an elected assembly, the Duma.

100 years ago
1915


Aviation
The United States Congress, as a rider to the Naval Appropriation Bill, created the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), the forerunner of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). President Woodrow Wilson signed the bill into law the same day.

80 years ago
1935

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC

75 years ago
1940


War
Sovet forces captured the island of Tuppuransaari, south of Viborg, Finland. Sweden rejected British and French requests that their troops be permitted to cross Swedish territory to aid Finland.

Defense
Colombia, Panama, and Costa Rica agreed to permit U.S. military bases on their soil for use in wartime defense of the Panama Canal.

Crime
Five people were killed in an arson attack on the offices of the Communist newspaper Norrskensflamman in Luleå, Sweden.

Economics and finance
Hong Kong sources reported that Japan would monopolize all Chinese industry under the peace pact with Wang Ching-wei, leader of the Japanese-sponsored government in central China.

U.S. Senator Charles McNary (Republican--Oregon) charged in a radio address that President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal policies had made the hardships of the Depression a permanent way of life.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rum and Coca-Cola--The Andrews Sisters (4th week at #1)

War
The British Royal Air Force accidentally bombed the Bezuidenhout neighbourhood in The Hague, killing 511 people. U.S. and Canadian units in Germany effected a junction between Kevelaer and Geldern, and drove eastward in the direction of the Rhine River city of Wesel. The Soviet drive toward the Baltic Sea through Pomerania resulted in the capture of Dargen, Pollnow, and Rummelsburg. American and Filipino troops recaptured Manila. A British motorized force completed an 11-day drive through central Burma to take the communications centre of Meiktila, 80 miles south of Mandalay.

Abominations
A former Armia Krajowa (Polish Home Army) unit massacred at least 150 Ukrainian civilians in Pawłokoma, Poland.

Defense
The Organization Committee of the Inter-American Conference in Mexico City adopted the Act of Chapultepec, which guaranteed mutual aid of American nations against aggressors who impeded the war effort by attacking the territorial integrity or political independence of any of these nations. It provided for a treaty to be drafted extending the guarantee into the postwar period.

Diplomacy
Representatives at the meeting of Arab leaders in Cairo agreed upon a draft constitution of the proposed Arab Federation.

U.S. Acting Secretary of State Joseph Grew said that an international organization as proposed at Dumbarton Oaks was the only alternative to world anarchy. He also said that the U.S. still accredited and recognized the representatives of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania stationed in Washington.

The first Syrian diplomatic delegation since the country's recent independence arrived in New York City en route to Washington.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board denied General Motors employees a blanket wage increase, granting only a 2 1/2% rise in differentials for those working the third shift.

50 years ago
1965


Politics and govenrment
George C. Price took office as British Honduras' first Prime Minister under the new constitution providing for internal self-government.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Todo El Tiempo Del Mundo--Manolo Otero (11th week at #1)

Environment
Mr. Justice Thomas Berger of British Columbia began holding public hearings in Yellowknife on the impact of a proposed oil pipeline through the Mackenzie River valley in the Northwest Territories.

Track and field
Francie Larrieu, a 22-year-old Californian, set world indoor records in the women's mile (4:28.5) and women's 1,500 metres (4:09.8) in the annual U.S.A.-U.S.S.R. meet in Richmond, Virginia.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr. (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Shout--Tears for Fears (2nd week at #1)

Labour
The U.K. National Union of Mineworkers national executive voted 98-91 to end their year-long strike without any deal over pit closures.

Disasters
An earthquake of magnitude 8.3 struck the Valparaíso Region of Chile, killing 177 people and leaving nearly a million people homeless.

Horse racing
Bill Shoemaker became the first jockey to surpass $100 million in career earnings.

Hockey
NHL
Winnipeg 6 Edmonton 3
Vancouver 7 Hartford 6 (OT)

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un' Estate Italiana--Edoardo Bennato; Gianna Nannini (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic featuring Felly (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Get Up! (Before the Night Is Over)--Technotronic (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Hélène--Roch Voisine (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Dub Be Good to Me--Beats International

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Escapade--Janet Jackson

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Dangerous--Roxette
2 Escapade--Janet Jackson
3 Opposites Attract--Paula Abdul (with Wild Pair)
4 Two to Make it Right--Seduction
5 All or Nothing--Milli Vanilli
6 Tell Me Why--Expose
7 We Can't Go Wrong--Cover Girls
8 What Kind of Man Would I Be?--Chicago
9 Here We Are--Gloria Estefan
10 Roam--The B-52's

Singles entering the chart were Heartbeat by Seduction (#59); 99 Worlds by Peter Wolf (#65); Make it Like it Was by Regina Belle (#68); Advice for the Young at Heart by Tears for Fears (#77); Whip Appeal by Babyface (#81); Sending All My Love by Linear (#82); House of Pain by Faster Pussycat (#83); and How Can We Be Lovers by Michael Bolton (#86).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Opposites Attract--Paula Abdul (with Wild Pair)
2 Downtown Train--Rod Stewart
3 Dangerous--Roxette
4 Janie's Got a Gun--Aerosmith
5 Escapade--Janet Jackson
6 I Go to Extremes--Billy Joel
7 I Wish it Would Rain Down--Phil Collins
8 What Kind of Man Would I Be?--Chicago
9 All or Nothing--Milli Vanilli
10 How am I Supposed to Live Without You--Michael Bolton

Singles entering the chart were I'll Be Your Everything by Tommy Paige (#74); The Heart of the Matter by Don Henley (#76); Before We Fall by Sheree (#78); Chocolate Box by Bros (#80); Have a Heart by Bonnie Raitt (#82); The Angels by Melissa Etheridge (#84); Heart of Stone by Cher (#86); Battlefield by Paul Carrack (#88); Anything I Want by Kevin Paige (#90); and 99 Worlds by Peter Wolf (#92).

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Howard W. Hunter, 87
. U.S. religious leader. Mr. Hunter, a lawyer, was the 14th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from June 5, 1994 until his death. He succeeded Ezra Taft Benson and was succeeded by Gordon Hinckley. Mr. Hunter was the Mormon Church's first president to have been born in the 20th century.

Crime
U.S. authorities at Newark International Airport arrested former Mexican Deputy Attorney General Mario Ruiz Massieu, and charged him with not reporting $46,000 in cash that he was carrying. Mr. Ruiz's brother Jose, deputy leader of Mexico's governing Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), had been murdered in 1994; Raul Salinas de Gortari, brother of former President Carlos Salinas de Gortari, had been charged on February 28 with Jose Ruiz Massieu's murder. Carlos Salinas de Gortari began a hunger strike and asked to meet with officials of his successor, Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon.

War
The last United Nations peacekeepers left Somalia after two years.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell (Colorado) announced that he was switching his party affiliation from Democratic to Republican. He had disagreed with some of the proposals of the administration of President Bill Clinton, notably its support for higher grazing fees on federal lands.

Society
A private member's bill that would ban hunting with hounds in England and Wales became the first such bill to get a second reading in the British House of Commons.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve and banks of a dozen other nations bought $1 billion in U.S. dollars in an effort to boost the currency.

The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had remained unchanged in January.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
James Roszko, 46
. Canadian criminal. Leo Johnston, 31; Brock Myrol, 29; Anthony Gordon, 28; Peter Schiemann, 25. Canadian police officers. The four Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers had gone to Mr. Roszko's property near Mayerthorpe, Alberta to execute a property seizure, when they were ambushed inside a quonset shed and shot to death by Mr. Roszko, who then shot himself to death after being wounded in an exchange of gunfire with another policeman. It was the worst multiple killing of police officers in modern Canadian history.

Aviation
U.S. adventurer Steve Fossett became the first person to fly an airplane non-stop around the world solo without refuelling, completing a round trip from Salina, Kansas in the Virgin GlobalFlyer.

March 2, 2015

200 years ago
1815


War
British forces succeeded in establishing sovereignty over the island of Ceylon.

160 years ago
1855


Died on this date
Nicholas I, 58
. Czar of Russia, 1825-1855. Nicholas I, the son of Paul I, succeeded his brother Alexander I on the throne. Nicholas died of pneumonia while Russia was in the midst of the Crimean War, and was succeeded by his son Alexander II.

150 years ago
1865


Died on this date
Carl Völkner, 45 or 46
. German missionary. Mr. Völkner was a Protestant missionary in New Zealand who was hanged by his congregation the day after being captured in Opotiki with fellow missionary Thomas Grace. The murder of Mr. Völkner led to hard feelings and severe reprisals from the New Zealand government for many years thereafter.

130 years ago
1885


War
In the Sino-French War, French forces won the Battle of Hoa Moc near Tuyen Quang in northern Vietnam.

100 years ago
1915


War
Vladmir Jabotinsky formed a Jewish military force to fight with the Allies in Palestine.

75 years ago
1940


On television today
New York University won the first televised intercollegiate track meet, broadcast live from Madison Square Garden in New York over New York station W2XBS.

War
Reports from Finland indicated that Soviet forces had occupied Tammisuo, north of Viborg, and Lupin Lahti, east of the city. The government of New Zealand announced that it was supplying men to the British Royal Navy, as well as keeping its own navy at war strength.

Diplomacy
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles met with German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler in Berlin.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill increasing Import-Export Bank capital to $200 million; the U.S. immediately granted credit to Finland, Sweden, and Norway.

Law
The U.S. Committee for the Protection of Foreign Born opened its conference in Washington to protest anti-alien legislation before Congress.

Politics and government
The Rhode Island House of Representatives adopted a resolution asking Congress to prohibit a third term for a President of the United States.

Disasters
2 people were killed as tornadoes swept through the lower Ohio River and Mississippi River valleys.

Tennis
Bobby Riggs won the U.S. indoor title in Chicago.

Basketball
NCAA
Dartmouth College won the Eastern Intercollegiate Basketball Conference title, while the University of North Carolina won the Southern Conference title.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Emily Carr, 73
. Canadian artist. Miss Carr, a native of Victoria, was known for her paintings of aboriginal themes and landscapes, especially forest scenes.

War
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt expressed the idea that some German ex-soldiers be used in the reconstruction of Russia, although he claimed that the subject had not come up at the recent Yalta Conference with U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin. U.S. troops captured the Dutch cities of Venlo and Roermond. Neuss on the Rhine River opposite Duesseldorf was also taken. U.S. Marines deove a 700-yard salient into the Japanese defense lines on the northern part of Iwo Jima. U.S. troops in the Philippines landed on the islands of Ticao and Burlas off the west side of the long southeast extension of Luzon, in a move to eliminate Japanese forces in southern Luzon.

World events
El Salvador decreed a general amnesty, adding that political exiles could now return home.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the bill for postwar river and harbour projects.

60 years ago
1955


World events
King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicated the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit.

50 years ago
1965


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Survivors, with guest stars Ruth White, Louise Sorel, and Lloyd Gough

At the movies
The Sound of Music received its world premiere screening at the Rivoli Theatre in New York.

War
The U.S. and South Vietnamese Air Force began Operation Rolling Thunder, a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam.

Scandal
Lucien Rivard, jailed while fighting extradition to the United States on narcotics charges, escaped from a Montreal prison using a garden hose to climb a prison wall. Mr. Rivard had asked to use the hose for the purpose of flooding the prison yard to create an ice rink, although the temperature was well above freezing. He faced charges of bribery connected with the escape, resulting in the resignation of Canadian Justice Minister Guy Favreau.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Heidi Biggs, 14
. U.S. cancer patient. Miss Biggs, a resident of Beleville, Illinois, had expressed a desire to visit Hawaii. Russell Perry, a resident of Sudbury, Ontario, had heard of this, and paid for a trip to Hawaii for Miss Biggs and her mother. Mrs. Biggs and Heidi had flown to Hawaii on February 16 and had several enjoyable days before Heidi fell seriously ill, and was confined to her hotel room before returning home. Miss Biggs died shortly after arrival at the hospital in Belleveille, less than an hour after landing.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Noi Ragazzi Di Oggi--Luis Miguel (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Shout--Tears for Fears (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Know Him So Well--Elaine Paige and Barbara Dickson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: I Know Him So Well--Elaine Paige and Barbara Dickson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Careless Whisper--Wham! featuring George Michael (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Careless Whisper--Wham! (3rd week at #1)
2 Easy Lover--Philip Bailey (with Phil Collins)
3 California Girls--David Lee Roth
4 Loverboy--Billy Ocean
5 Can't Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
6 Sugar Walls--Sheena Easton
7 I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner
8 The Heat is On--Glenn Frey
9 Mr. Telephone Man--New Edition
10 The Old Man Down the Road--John Fogerty

Singles entering the chart were Crazy for You by Madonna (#45); We Close Our Eyes by Go West (#74); Smooth Operator by Sade (#88); and Change by John Waite (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner (2nd week at #1)
2 Easy Lover--Philip Bailey (with Phil Collins)
3 Neutron Dance--Pointer Sisters
4 Careless Whisper--Wham! featuring George Michael
5 You're the Inspiration--Chicago
6 Loverboy--Billy Ocean
7 Method of Modern Love--Daryl Hall John Oates
8 California Girls--David Lee Roth
9 All I Need--Jack Wagner
10 Solid--Ashford & Simpson

Singles entering the chart were Take Me with U by Prince and the Revolution (with Apollonia) (#81); Whose Side are You On? by Matt Bianco (#90); Rhythm of the Night by DeBarge (#91); Obsession by Animotion (#93); Why Can't I Have You by the Cars (#94); Second Nature by Dan Hartman (#95); Keeping the Faith by Billy Joel (#96); Stay in the Light by Honeymoon Suite (#97); and Shades of '45 by Gary O' (#98).

Health
The U.S. government approved a screening test for AIDS that detected antibodies to the virus, allowing possibly contaminated blood to be excluded from the blood supply.

Hockey
NHL
New Islanders 2 @ Toronto 4

Jeff Brubaker scored 2 goals to lead the Maple Leafs to their upset win in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor

Politics and government
At a meeting in Zambia, the executive committee of the African National Congress named Nelson Mandela the ANC’s Deputy President. Because ANC President Oliver Tambo was ill, Mr. Mandela in effect became the ANC leader.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the Manitoba Metis Federation could go to court to claim Red River Valley land promised in the 1870s.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the leading economic indicators were unchanged in January.

Swimming
Mark Tewksbury of Canada swam the 50-metre backstroke in a world record time of 25.06 seconds.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Club Bizarre--U96

War
400 Italian soldiers assisted in the evacuation of United Nations peacekeepers from the Somali capital of Mogadishu. U.S. Marines killed and wounded several Somalis, as clans competed for areas vacated by the UN.

Politics and government
The United States Senate voted 66-34 in favour of an amendment to the Constitution requiring that the federal budget be balanced, one vote short of the two-thirds majority required. 14 Democrats voted with the Republican majority, but Mark Hatfield (Oregon) was the only Republican who voted against the amendment, angering his Republican colleagues.

Scandal
Former Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti was ordered to stand trial on charges of Mafia membership.

Science
Researchers at Fermilab in Illinois announced the discovery of the top quark.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Bank of New York bought up to $300 million worth of U.S. dollars in an effort to boost the currency.

Baseball
The major league spring training exhibition season opened, with all teams except the Baltimore Orioles using replacement players.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Martin Denny, 93
. U.S. musician. Mr. Denny was a native of New York who was raised in Los Angeles and moved to Hawaii in 1954 and began using Hawaiian sounds in his music. He became known as the "father of exotica," and had a major hit with his single Quiet Village (1959).

Rick Mahler, 51. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Mahler played with the Atlanta Braves (1979-1988, 1991); Cincinnati Reds (1989-1990); and Montreal Expos (1991), compiling a record of 96-111 with an earned run average of 3.99. His best season was 1985, when he was 17-15 with a 3.48 ERA. Mr. Mahler was 7-6 with 4 saves with the Reds when they won the World Series in 1990. Mr. Mahler's brother Mickey was also a major league pitcher, and the brothers were teammates in 1979. Rick Mahler died of a heart attack at home in Jupiter, Florida, while preparing for his second season as a minor league pitching coach in the New York Mets' organization.

Sunday, March 1, 2015

March 1, 2015

450 years ago
1565


South Americana
The Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro was founded.

225 years ago
1790

Americana

The U.S. Congress authorized the first census of the United States.

210 years ago
1805


Scandal
U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Samuel Chase was acquitted at the end of his impeachment trial by the U.S. Senate. Justice Chase had been impeached for allegedly allowing his political bias to influence his decisions from the bench.

200 years ago
1815


World events
Former French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte arrived at Golfe-Juan on the French mainland in the ship Swiftsure, two days after his escape from exile on the island of Elba off the coast of Tuscany.

170 years ago
1845


Americana
Three days before he left office, U.S. President John Tyler signed a bill authorizing the United States to annex the Republic of Texas.

120 years ago
1895


Died on this date
Pauline Musters, 19
. Dutch-born U.S. dwarf. Miss Musters, who stood 1 foot 11.2 inches, was the shortest grown woman ever recorded. She died four days after her 19th birthday of a combination of pneumoina and meningitis.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Malak Karsh
. Ottoman-born Canadian photographer. Malak Karsh was the brother of portrait photographer Yousuf Karsh. Malak was known for his photographs of the Ottawa region; Paper and Politics, a photo of logs floating on the Ottawa River, was on the back of the Canadian $1 bill from 1969-1979. Malak Karsh died on November 8, 2001 at the age of 86.

75 years ago
1940


Literature
Richard Wright's novel Native Son was published.

War
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler issued secret orders for the occupation of Denmark and Norway. Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies announced plans for a sevenfold increase in shis country's air force. British planes scattered propaganda leaflets over Germany as far east as Berlin. Soviet troops in Finland made headway toward Viborg, reaching the city's outskirts. The Chinese government in Chungking launched a sweeping evacuation program for the city in anticipation of Japanese air raids.

Diplomacy
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles met in Berlin with German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop.

In Patna, India, leaders of the Indian Congress threatened a campaign of civil disobedience as the next step toward complete independence from the United Kingdom.

Law
The American Bar Association committee on the Bill of Rights appealed to the public to oppose all illegal methods of suppressing civil rights.

Environment
The United States House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate the Water Pollution Control Act, setting forth a plan for prevention of pollution of navigable waterways.

70 years ago
1945


Theatre
Representatives of theatrical organizations in New York adopted resolutions that included proposed legislation to prevent censorship by administrative officials in reaction to the February 24 closing of the play Trio by Dorothy and Howard Baker, which had played at the Belasco Theatre on Broadway in New York since December 29, 1944. New York License Commissioner Paul Moss had refused to renew the theatre's license if Trio continued to run. The play's subject matter included an older woman's feelings for a girl.

War
Saudi Arabia and Iran notified the United States of their declarations of war against Germany and Japan. The British House of Commons gave unanimous approval to the Yalta Declaration. U.S. troops cleared German forces from the twin cities of Muenchen-Gladbach and Rheydt, 15 miles west of Duesseldorf. U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur reported that American troops had practically completed the destruction of about 6,000 Japanese troops on the island of Corregidor. U.S. forces landed on the island of Lubang, which commanded the western exit of Verde Passage, leading from the Sibuyan Sea into the China Sea.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt told a joint session of Congress that the recent Yalta Conference was a success, and that the U.S. would have to take responsibility for world collaboration or bear the responsibility for another world war.

Former U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace was confirmed by the Senate as U.S. Secretary of Commerce.

Diplomacy
The Organization Committee of the Inter-American Conference approved a suggestion that the next conference of American Republics be held in Bogota, Colombia.

Economics and finance
Canada reached an agreement with Czechoslovakia to provide the latter with $15 million in credits to purchase Canadian goods to be used in reconstruction.

Labour
The United Mine Workers of America submitted demands for a wage settlement to coal operators, including a proposal for a 10c-per-ton royalty to be used for medical insurance for the miners.

60 years ago
1955


At the movies
The Spanish-language version of Mr. Arkadin, directed by and starring Orson Welles, opened in theatres in Madrid.

Boxing
Sonny Liston (8-1) won an 8-round decision over Neal Welch (13-10-1) in a heavyweight bout at the Masonic Temple in St. Louis.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Yenka--Johnny & Charley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Hucklebuck--Brendan Bowyer (7th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Yeh, Yeh--Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames
2 The Boy from New York City--The Ad Libs
3 Can't You Hear My Heartbeat--Herman's Hermits
4 For Lovin' Me--Peter, Paul and Mary
5 Shakin' All Over--Chad Allan and the Expressions (Guess Who?)
6 Goldfinger--John Barry and his Orchestra
--Shirley Bassey
7 Little Things--Bobby Goldsboro
8 My Girl--The Temptations
9 Come Home--The Dave Clark Five
10 Go Now!--The Moody Blues

Singles entering the chart were Eight Days a Week by the Beatles (#14); Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood by the Animals (#27); Girl Don't Come by Sandie Shaw (#30); Come Tomorrow by Manfred Mann (#33); The Race is On by Jack Jones (#34); You'll Be Gone by Elvis Presley (#35); Midnight Special by Johnny Rivers (#36); Easy Come, Easy Go by Barry Allen (#37); Send Me the Pillow You Dream On by Dean Martin (#38); Try to Remember by Ed Ames (#39); and Walk Tall by Val Doonican (#40). You'll Be Gone was the B-side of Do the Clam.

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Wally the Beard, starring Larry Blyden, Kathie Browne, and Berkeley Harris

Music
The album The Beach Boys Today! was released on Capitol Records.

Canadiana
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Lester Pearson announced a $6 million-plan to develop Kejimkujik National Park in southwestern Nova Scotia. The government also unveiled a design for the $18-million Centre for Performing Arts in Ottawa, with a 2,300-seat opera, a 900-seat theatre, and 300-seat studio.

Politics and government
The British African protectorate of Bechuanaland held its first elections, resulting in Seretse Khama's appointment as Prime Minister.

Disasters
A gas explosion killed 28 people in an apartment complex in La Salle, Quebec.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): 100 Years--Joey Dyser

#1 single in the U.K.: Make Me Smile (Come Up and See Me)--Steve Harley and Cockney Rebel (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Best of My Love--The Eagles

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Pick Up the Pieces--Average White Band
2 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
3 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
4 Best of My Love--The Eagles
5 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
6 Fire--Ohio Players
7 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
8 Lady--Styx
9 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
10 Lonely People--America

Singles entering the chart were L-O-V-E (Love) by Al Green (#74); Living a Little, Laughing a Little by the Spinners (#81); It's a Miracle by Barry Manilow (#84); Reality by James Brown (#85); Dick and Jane by Bobby Vinton (#87); Who's Sorry Now by Marie Osmond (#88); We're Almost There by Michael Jackson (#89); Don't Let Go by Commander Cody and his Lost Planet Airmen (#92); Live Your Life Before You Die by the Pointer Sisters (#93); Shaving Cream by Benny Bell (#94); Amie by Pure Prairie League (#95); Sneaky Snake by Tom T. Hall (#96); Step by Step by Kiki Dee Band (#97); Leona by Wet Willie (#98); Midnight Show by Ron Dante (#99); and Like a Sunday Morning by Lana Cantrell (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Best of My Love--The Eagles
2 Doctor's Orders--Carol Douglas
3 Mandy--Barry Manilow
4 Pick Up the Pieces--AWB
5 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
6 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
7 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
8 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
9 You Beat Me to the Punch--Charity Brown
10 Never Can Say Goodbye--Gloria Gaynor

Singles entering the chart were No No Song by Ringo Starr (#97); You're a Part of Me by Susan Jacks (#98); I've Been this Way Before by Neil Diamond (#99); and Let's Live Together by Thundermug (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers (2nd week at #1)
2 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
3 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
4 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
5 Mandy--Barry Manilow
6 Changes--David Bowie
7 Best of My Love--The Eagles
8 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
9 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
10 Bungle in the Jungle--Jethro Tull
11 Morning Side of the Mountain--Donny and Marie Osmond
12 Fire--Ohip Players
13 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
14 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
15 You Beat Me to the Punch--Charity Brown
16 Lady--Styx
17 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
18 Doctor's Orders--Carol Douglas
19 Pick Up the Pieces--AWB
20 No No Song--Ringo Starr
21 Mother Earth--Ian Thomas
22 Can You Give it All to Me--Myles and Lenny
23 (Make Me Do) Anything You Want--A Foot in Coldwater
24 Powerful People--Gino Vannelli
25 You're No Good--Linda Ronstadt
26 Up in a Puff of Smoke--Polly Brown
27 Never Can Say Goodbye--Gloria Gaynor
28 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
29 I Can Dance--Shooter
30 Sad Sweet Dreamer--Sweet Sensation

Americana
The American Revolution Bicentennial observance of the 200th annniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence officilly began, 16 months and 3 days before the actual anniversary.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're My Heart, You're My Soul--Modern Talking

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Want To Know What Love Is--Foreigner (6th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Los Angeles 5 Edmonton 4

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor

Weather
It was 66 F. in Edmonton, warm enough for this blogger to wear shorts.

Law
The new Official Secrets Act went into effect in the U.K., making it an offense for any member, or former member, of the security services to disclose official information about their work. It was also an offense for a journalist to repeat any such disclosures.

Football
NFL
Agreeing to television deals that eventually furnished the league about $3.3 billion over the next four years ($30 million per team each year), the National Football League added two wild-card teams to its playoff format, introducing another round of playoff games and extending the season from the first week of September to the last week of January.

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Georges J. F. Köhler, 48
. West German biologist. Dr. Köhler shared the 1984 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Niels Jerne of Denmark and César Milstein of the United Kingdom "for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies."

Politics and govnerment
Polish Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak resigned from parliament and was replaced by ex-communist Józef Oleksy.

Business
The Internet corporation Yahoo! was incorporated.

For the second time in the 1990s, the Canadian real estate developer Bramalea Inc. sought court protection from its creditors.

10 years ago
2005


Law
The United States Supreme Court ruled 5-4, in Roper v. Simmons, that the execution of juveniles found guilty of murder was unconstitutional, marking a change in "national standards." The decision overturned the previous ruling of Stanford v. Kentucky (1989).

Saturday, February 28, 2015

February 29 (2015)

175 years ago
1840

Born on this date

William H. Carney. U.S. soldier. Mr. Carney was born a slave in Virginia, but escaped to freedom through the Underground Railroad. As a member of the all-Negro Company C of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, Mr. Carney distinguished himself in the U.S. Civil War at the Battle of Fort Wagner, outside Charleston, South Carolina, on July 18, 1863, when despite being wounded four times, he made his way back to his unit carrying the flag, and proudly claimed that it never hit the ground. Although the Union forces lost the battle, the 54th was hailed for its courage, and Mr. Carney was promoted to sergeant. In 1900 he was finally awarded the Medal of Honor, becoming the first Negro soldier to win it. He died at the age of 68 on December 9, 1908 in an elevator accident at the Massachusetts State House in Boston, where he had been employed for 35 years.

John Philip Holland. Irish-born U.S. engineer. Mr. Holland is regarded as the father of the modern submarine, having designed the first submarine to be formally commissioned by the U.S. Navy, and the first U.K. Royal Navy submarine, the Holland 1. He died on August 12, 1914 at the age of 74.

75 years ago
1940


Movies
The Academy Awards for 1939 were handed out in Hollywood. Gone With the Wind won a then-record 10 Oscars: Picture; Director (Victor Fleming); Actress (Vivian Leigh); Supporting Actress (Hattie McDaniel); Screenplay (Sidney Howard); Cinematography--Color (Ernest Haller and Ray Rennahan); Art Direction (Lyle Wheeler); Film Editing (Hal Kern and James E. Newsom); a special award to William Cameron Menzies for his use of color; and a special technical award to Don Musgrave for pioneering the use of coordinated equipment in the production of Gone With the Wind. Max Steiner’s memorable original score for Gone With the Wind didn’t win; Herbert Stothart won for The Wizard of Oz. The Wizard of Oz also won for Original Song (Over the Rainbow, written by Harold Arlen and E.Y. Harburg), and Judy Garland won a special Oscar for outstanding juvenile performance. Robert Donat won the Best Actor Oscar for Goodbye, Mr. Chips, while Thomas Mitchell, who appeared in Gone With the Wind, won supporting actor honours for Stagecoach. Stagecoach also won for Score (Richard Hageman, Franke Harling, John Leipold, Louis Gruenberg, Leo Shuken). Other Oscars went to Wuthering Heights for Cinematography--Black and White (Gregg Toland); Mr. Smith Goes to Washington for Original Story (Lewis R. Foster); and The Rains Came for Special Effects (E.H. Hansen and Fred Sersen). David O. Selznick won the Irving C. Thalberg Memorial Award.

War
Representatives of 23 religious denominations, meeting in Philadelphia, urged neutral nations to band together and negotiate an end to the European war. Finland initiated peace negotiations with the U.S.S.R., as Soviet forces were reported to be just 1 mile from the Finnish city of Viborg. Brazilian Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aranha protested the February 12 British naval action against the German freighter Wakama as a violation of Brazilian waters. China claimed to have repulsed Japanese efforts to clean up guerrilla areas on the Anhwei-Kiangsu border southeast of Nanking.

Protest
Jews in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv demonstrated against the new British restriction, announced the previous day, on Jewish purchases of land in Palestine. The executive committee of the League of Nations adopted a resolution condemning the British action.

Economics and finance
The French government revalued its gold stocks to make a 30-billion franc paper profit for the purpose of war finances.

Politics and government
Manuel Quezon, President of the Philippine Commonwealth, said that he would not be a candidate for re-election in 1941.

Science
In a ceremony held in Berkeley, California because of the European war, American physicist Ernest Lawrence received the 1939 Nobel Prize in Physics, "for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements," from Sweden's Consul General in San Francisco. The Nobel Prize ceremonies usually took place in Stockholm, with the exception of the ceremony for the Peace Prize, which was held in Oslo.

Education
U.S. education commissioner John W. Studebaker said that controversial subjects should be taught in schools.

February 28, 2015

190 years ago
1825


Diplomacy
The United Kingdom and Russia signed a treaty in London settling the border between Canada and Alaska, then a Russian possession.

130 years ago
1885


Business
American Telephone and Telegraph Company was incorporated in New York as the subsidiary of American Bell Telephone.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Zero Mostel
. U.S. actor. Samuel Joel Mostel was best known for his comic roles in Broadway plays, winning Tony Awards for his starring performances in Rhinoceros (1961); A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (1962); and Fiddler on the Roof (1964). In the early 1950s, Mr. Mostel was accused of being a Communist, and was blacklisted from making movies for several years. His best-known movies came in a reprise of his Broadway role in A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (1966) and The Producers (1968). Mr. Mostel died of an apparent aortic aneurysm on September 8, 1977 at the age of 62.

Ketti Frings. U.S. author. Mrs. Frings, born Katherine Hartley, was best known for her novel Hold Back the Dawn (1940) and her play--based on Thomas Wolfe's novel--Look Homeward, Angel (1957), which won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1958. She died of cancer at the age of 65 on February 11, 1981, 17 days before her 66th birthday.

Peter Medawar. Brazilian-born U.K. biologist. Sir Peter shared the 1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Frank Burnet of Australia "for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance." He died on October 2, 1987 at the age of 72.

90 years ago
1925


Died on this date
Friedrich Ebert, 54
. Chancellor of Germany, 1918-1919; 1st President of Germany, 1919-1925. Mr. Ebert, leader of the Social Democratic Party, became Chancellor as Kaiser Wilhelm II was fleeing for the Netherlands, and took office as provisional President on February 11, 1919, and retained the position after the new constitution came into effect in August 1919. He cooperated with nationalist groups in suppressing worker uprisings, which made him a figure of controversy. Mr. Ebert died of septic shock after an emergency appendectomy.

Disasters
The Charlevoix-Kamouraska earthquake, measuring 6.2 on the moment magnitude scale, struck northeastern North America. It was felt most strongly in Quebec, where there were no fatalities, but damage to buildings. 55 aftershocks were recorded.

80 years ago
1935


Died on this date
Chiquinha Gonzaga, 87
. Brazilian musician. Miss Gonzaga was a prominent pianist who composed pieces for piano, as well as theatrical works.

Technology
Gerard Berchet, working under the direction of Wallace Carothers, an organic chemist at the DuPont Experimental Station laboratory near Wilmington, Delaware, first produced the substance that would come to be known as nylon.

75 years ago
1940


On television today
The first live telecast of a basketball game occurred when a college match between Fordham University and the University of Pittsburgh at Madison Square Garden was broadcast by the experimental station W2XBS to several hundred homes in New York. There was a 20-minute blackout due to technical problems.

Americana
U.S. population was reported at 131,669,275, with 12,865,518 Negroes (9.8%).

War
The U.S.S.R. gave Finland 48 hours to respond to its peace proposal. Soviet forces fought to within 7 miles of the Finnish city of Viborg.

World events
The United Kingdom announced a curb on Jewish land purchases in agricultural areas of Palestine.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to conference a bill providing for a $100-million increase in the lending authority of the Import-Export Bank.

Disasters
Floods in northern California from Tehchapi to the Oregon state line marooned 4,000 people and caused $1 million in damages.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Amor, Amor--Bing Crosby (1st month at #1)

At the movies
A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, starring Joan Blondell, Peggy Ann Garner, and James Dunn, received its premiere screening in New York.

Literature
Richard Wright's autobiography Black Boy was published.

War
The Korean provisional government in Chungking, not yet recognized by any nation, declared war on Germany in order to participate in the founding conference of the United Nations in San Francisco. U.S. troops in Germany crossed the Erft River, the last natural obstacle before the Rhine River, in the vicinity of Sindorf. Soviet troops in Germany seized the Pomeranian rail centre of Neustettin. American forces in the Philippines landed on Palawan and quickly seized control of vital points without much opposition. U.S. Marines pushed forward on Iwo Jima, reaching the uncompleted northern air strip.

Diplomacy
U.S. charge d'affaires in Chungking George Atcheson sent a telegram to the U.S. State Department criticizing the Chinese Nationalist government as ineffectual, and urging more even-handed treatment of the Communists. The cable provoked a bitter conflict between the State Department's "China hands" and U.S. Army General Patrick Hurley, U.S. adviser to the Nationalist government.

The British House of Commons approved the decisions taken on Poland at the recent Yalta Conference.

Egyptian and Turkish representatives signed the United Nations declaration in Washington.

At the Inter-American Conference in Mexico City, the U.S.A. proposed a plan to guarantee hemispheric boundaries and an assurance that it would take action with Latin American states against any nation attacking their territorial integrity.

Defense
U.S. Army Air Forces commanding General Hap Arnold revealed that the Army's first jet-propelled combat plane, the P-80 Shooting Star, was in production.

Economics and finance
The U.S. State Department reached a Lend-Lease agreement with France to provide the latter with immediate and postwar reconstruction aid.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board granted a wage increase of $2-$4 per week to 21,250 telephone employees in New York City, Louisville, Washington, and Memphis.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Jim, Johnny & Jonas--Hula Hawaiian Quartett (2nd month at #1)

On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Ronald Howard and H. Marion Crawford
Tonight's episode: The Case of the Careless Suffragette

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I Can Help--Billy Swan (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): I Can Help--Billy Swan

#1 single in Switzerland: I Can Help--Billy Swan (5th week at #1)

Television
It was reported that Jim Johnston, anchorman of the evening newscast at CFCN in Calgary, had resigned on the air in protest of the station's decision to reduce the newscast's time for one evening that week by 5 minutes, with the final 5 minutes being handed over to Alberta's governing Progressive Conservative Party for a free political advertisement. A provincial election was scheduled for March 25.

Diplomacy
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau began a 16-day European tour aimed at closer ties with the European Economic Community.

Politics and government
The Canadian House of Commons passed a bill to allow for a second MP to represent the Northwest Territories, effective the next federal election. The N.W.T. was currently represented by Wally Firth of the New Democratic Party, elected in 1972 and re-elected in 1974.

Disasters
An underground train failed to stop at Moorgate terminus station in London and crashed into the end of the tunnel, killing 43 people.

Baseball
The Chicago Cubs traded relief pitcher Dave LaRoche and outfielder Brock Davis to the Cleveland Indians for relief pticher Milt Wilcox. Mr. LaRoche had posted a record of 5-6 with 5 saves and an earned run average of 4.79 in 1974. Mr. Wilcox was 2-2 with 4 saves and an ERA of 4.69 in 1974. Mr. Davis, a major league veteran, spent the 1974 season in the Texas League, and his contract was transferred from Midland to San Antonio.

The San Francisco Giants sold left fielder-first baseman-third baseman Dave Kingman to the New York Mets for an estimated $125,000. In 1974, he batted .223 with 18 home runs and 55 runs batted in in 121 games. In four seasons with the Giants, Mr. Kingman batted .224 with 77 homers and 217 RBIs.

30 years ago
1985


Terrorism
The Provisional Irish Republican Army carried out a mortar attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary police station at Newry, killing nine officers in the highest loss of life for the RUC on a single day.

Crime
Publisher Ernst Zundel was convicted in Toronto for distributing hate literature in a book that said the mass extermination of Jews in Germany in World War II never occurred.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (2nd week at #1)

Personal
This blogger concluded a two-month term as museum assistant at Musee Heritage Museum in St. Albert, Alberta. It was an interesting and enjoyable job, and I was sorry to leave.

Diplomacy
South African Zulu chief Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi met with U.S. President George Bush in Washington and called on him to lift economic sanctions against South Africa.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 2 @ Los Angeles 4

Because of fights mainly consisting of players milling around and waltzing, this may have been the longest game I’ve ever seen that was completed in regulation time.

20 years ago
1995


Crime
Raul Salinas de Gortari, brother of former Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari, was indicted for the September 1994 murder of Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu, deputy leader of the country's governing Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). Carlos Salinas de Gortari's term as President had expired in December 1994.

Scandal
A judicial report on sexual abuse of boys at Kingsclear Training Centre in New Brunswick was released; it was critical of bureaucratic indifference that had allowed abuse to continue for almost 30 years.

Politics and government
Former Australian Liberal Party leader John Hewson resigned from parliament almost two years after the Liberals had lost the 1993 federal election.

Former Tennessee Governor and U.S. Education Secretary Lamar Alexander announced that he would seek the Republican Party nomination for President of the United States in the 1996 election. He urged that many federal programs be eliminated and responsibility given to state governments.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Chris Curtis, 63
. U.K. musician. Mr. Curtis, born Christopher Crummey, was the drummer, as well as singer and songwriter, with the Searchers from 1960-1966. In 1967 he helped to found the rock group Roundabout, which soon changed its name to Deep Purple. Mr. Curtis left the music business soon after to become a civil servant, performing music locally in Liverpool.

Terrorism
127 people were killed in a suicide bombing at a police recruiting centre in Al Hillah, Iraq.

Politics and government
Lebanon's pro-Syrian Prime Minister, Omar Karami, resigned amid large anti-Syria street demonstrations in Beirut.

Crime
BTK serial killer Dennis Rader was charged in Wichita, Kansas with 10 counts of first-degree murder. He later pled guilty and received multiple life sentences.

Friday, February 27, 2015

February 27, 2015

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Denis Whitaker
. Canadian military officer and football player. Brigadier-General Whitaker was a quarterback with the Hamilton Tigers from 1937-1939 and 1945-1946. He won two Distinguished Service Orders with the Canadian Army during World War II, and led a team of Canadian football players to a 16-6 win over an American team in the Tea Bowl, played in England in 1944. Mr. Whitaker was inducted into the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in 1990. He died on May 30, 2001 at the age of 86.

75 years ago
1940


War
The U.S.S.R. reported the first Soviet success since Christmas 1939 on the Petsamo front in Finland.

Politics and government
The New York State Assembly passed a resolution petitioning the United States Congress to pass a law prohibiting a third term for any President.

Through his supporters, U.S. Vice President John Nance "Cactus Jack" Garner entered the race for New York delegates to the Democratic National Convention in the contest for the 1940 nomination for President of the United States.

Herman Laborde and Valentin Campa, president and secretary, respectively, of the Mexican Communist Party, were purged from the party.

Economics and finance
After months of negotiations, plans for the Inter-American Bank were finally approved by the Inter-American Financial and Economic Advisory Committee.

Science
Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discovered carbon-14.

70 years ago
1945


Politics and government
U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur turned control of the civil government of the Philippines over to President Sergio Osmena.

Law
The United States Senate Judiciary Committee decided to shelve all proposed constitutional amendments for the duration of World War II.

Defense
Major General Clayton Bissel, in charge of U.S. Army intelligence, and Assisant U.S. War Secretary John McCloy testified at a House of Representatives Military Affairs Committee investigation that they knew of no Communists who had been given commissions in the Army.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board announced authorization of regional loans to permit payment of an hourly wage of 55c to eliminate rates that resulted in a low standard of living.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Under the Boardwalk/Walking the Dog--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Les Filles de mon Pays--Enrico Macias

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se piangi, se ridi--Bobby Solo

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Kleine Annabell--Ronny (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I'll Never Find Another You--The Seekers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): This Diamond Ring--Gary Lewis and the Playboys (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 This Diamond Ring--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
2 My Girl--The Temptations
3 You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'--The Righteous Brothers
4 Downtown--Petula Clark
5 Eight Days a Week--The Beatles
6 I Go to Pieces--Peter and Gordon
7 All Day and All of the Night--The Kinks
8 King of the Road--Roger Miller
9 The Jolly Green Giant--The Kingsmen
10 The Boy from New York City--The Ad Libs

Singles entering the chart were Do the Clam by Elvis Presley (#69); The Race is On by Jack Jones (#72); Nowhere to Run by Martha & the Vandellas (#76); You Better Get It by Joe Tex (#78); 10 Little Bottles by Johnny Bond (#81); For Mama (La Mamma), with versions by Connie Francis and Jerry Vale (#87, and versions by Matt Monro and Vic Damone mentioned but not charted); I Don't Want to Spoil the Party by the Beatles (#88); Stranger in Town by Del Shannon (#89); It's Gonna Be Alright by Maxine Brown (#90); (Here They Come) From All Over the World by Jan & Dean (#92); This is My Prayer by the Ray Charles Singers (#93); Gee Baby (I’m Sorry) by Three Degrees (#95); Apache '65 by the Arrows (#97); and Land of a Thousand Dances (Part 1) by Thee Midniters (#100, with the version by Cannibal and the Headhunters mentioned but not charted). Do the Clam was from the movie Girl Happy (1965). I Don't Want to Spoil the Party was the B-side of Eight Days a Week.

On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Douglas Wilmer and Nigel Stock, on BBC 1
Tonight's episode: The Devil's Foot

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): January--Pilot (4th week at #1)

30 years ago
1985


Died on this date
Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., 82
. U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Lodge, a Republican, was descended from a long line of politicians, and continued the family tradition by representing Massachusetts in the United States Senate from 1937-1944 and 1947-1953. He then served as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations from 1953-1960. In 1960 Mr. Lodge was the vice-presidential running mate to Republican Party presidential candidate Richard Nixon, losing a close and disputed election to the Democratic Party ticket of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson. Mr. Lodge served as U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam from 1963-1964 and again from 1965-1967, during the early years of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. He then served as U.S. Ambassador to West Germany from 1968-1969, before leading the U.S. delegation at the Paris peace talks from 1969-1973. Mr. Lodge occasionally represented U.S. Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford to the Vatican from 1970-1977.

J. Pat O'Malley, 80. U.K.-born U.S. actor and singer. Mr. O'Malley began his career as a singer in England before moving to the United States, where he was a familiar character actor in many films and television programs. He co-starred with Shirley Booth in the television comedy series A Touch of Grace (1973).

25 years ago
1990


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Glee Club

This was one of my favourite episodes.

Diplomacy
Recently-freed South African anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela went to Zambia to meet with African National Congress leaders, and was greeted by official delegations from many countries.

Politics and government
The Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. gave its approval to President Mikhail Gorbachev’s proposal for a popularly elected president having broad executive powers.

Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega said that Contra rebels would have to demobilize before the Sandanistas yielded control of the army and police. Violetta Chamorro, who had defeated Mr. Ortega in the general election two days earlier, called on the Contras to disband to help speed the transfer of power.

Environment
Exxon Corporation and Exxon Shipping were indicted on five criminal counts relating to the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill off Alaska.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Zombie--Ororo (7th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Bang and Blame--R.E.M. (2nd week at #1)
2 Take a Bow--Madonna
3 When I Come Around--Green Day
4 Mishale--Andru Donalds
5 Strong Enough--Sheryl Crow
6 Buddy Holly--Weezer
7 She's a River--Simple Minds
8 On Bended Knee--Boyz II Men
9 The Ballad of Peter Pumpkinhead--Crash Test Dummies
10 Better Man--Pearl Jam

Singles entering the chart were Murder Incorporated by Bruce Springsteen (#60); She Forgot to Laugh by Rymes with Orange (#77); You Got It by Bonnie Raitt (#81); Thank You By Boyz II Men (#82); Come Back by Londonbeat (#83); We Celebrate by the Barra MacNeils (#84); Give Me a Reason to Stay by Freddy Curci (#87); Ode to My Family by the Cranberries (#88); Big Yellow Taxi by Amy Grant (#89); If You Don't Love Me (I’ll Kill Myself) by Pete Droge (#92); Until the End of Time by Foreigner (#93); Gotta Get Away by Oilspring (#95); and Letting Go by Julie Masse (#97).

War
1,800 U.S. Marines began coming ashore in Somalia to assist United Nations peacekeepers in their withdrawal. The UN was in the process of pulling its peacekeeping force out of Somalia after two years.

Terrorism
A terrorist explosion in a market in the city of Zakho in Iraqi Kurdistan left about 100 dead and 150 wounded.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister Paul Martin tabled his budget; he wanted to cut federal spending 8.8% and bring the deficit down to 3% of gross domestic product.

Politics and government
Massachusetts Governor William Weld said that he would not run for the Republican Party nomination for President of the United States in 1996.

Hockey
NHL
St. Louis 3 Toronto 2

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

February 26, 2015

200 years ago
1815


World events
Former French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte escaped, in the ship Swiftsure, from the island of Elba off the coast of Tuscany, where he had been in exile since April 1814.

130 years ago
1885


Diplomacy
The 15-nation Congress of Berlin agreed to give the Congo to King Leopold II as his personal possession, and gave Nigeria to the United Kingdom.

80 years ago
1935


Defense
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler ordered the Luftwaffe to be re-formed, violating the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles. Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering began Luftwaffe operations.

Robert Watson-Watt carried out a demonstration near Daventry, England, which led directly to the development of radar in the United Kingdom.

Baseball
After 15 seasons with the New York Yankees, right fielder Babe Ruth was given his release, and signed with the Boston Braves as a player and executive.

75 years ago
1940

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce
Tonight’s episode: The Reigate Puzzle

Diplomacy
The Pan-American Neutrality Committee established sharp limitations on auxiliary ships of belligerent nations in American territorial waters.

U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles delivered a confidential message from U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini in Rome.

Defense
The United States Air Defense Command was established at Mitchell Field on Long Island, New York.

Journalism
U.S. newsman James R. Young was indicted in Tokyo for violating the Japanese army code by disseminating slanderous material about the Japanese military.

Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that only the National Labor Relations Board, not labour unions, could take the initiative in compelling employers to comply with NLRB orders.

Medicine
Dr. H.J. Corper of National Jewish Hospital in Denver announced the isolation of a tuberculosis vaccine.

Academia
British philosopher Bertrand Russell was appointed a professor at City College of New York.

Education
The U.S. National Education Association's legislative commitee charged that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's policies toward public education were meaningless.

70 years ago
1945


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax

War
Canadian Army Sergeant Aubrey Cosens was awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery in Rhine fighting. The Syrian Chamber of Deputies voted approval of a declaration of war against Germany and Japan. U.S. troops in Germany reached 10 1/2 miles west of Cologne and opened artillery barrages against the city. U.S. Marine observation planes began operating from the southern airfield on Iwo Jima.

Diplomacy
The Allies returned the Algerian supply centre of Oran to the French.

Defense
U.S. Army Air Forces commanding General Hap Arnold warned in his annual report that the United States would be the first target in the next war, and that air power would be the next weapon.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Hugh Butler (Repuplican--Nebraska) accused President Franklin D. Roosevelt of "secrecy," and demanded that he give Congress an account of the conduct of foreign policy, particularly at the recent Yalta Conference.

Economics and finance
At the Inter-American Conference in Mexico City, the U.S.A. proposed an "economic charter" designed to help the conversion to peacetime economies and raise living standards in the hemisphere.

Society
The U.S. nationwide midnight curfew on entertainment went into effect. In New York City, police were instructed to take the names and addresses of all people violating the curfew.

Labour
In accordance with the Smith-Connally Act, the United Mine Workers of America filed formal notice of a possible strike when contracts expired on March 31, 1945.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hold My Hand--Don Cornell; Nat "King" Cole (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Give Me Your Word--Tennessee Ernie Ford (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sincerely--The McGuire Sisters (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1); Hearts of Stone--The Fontane Sisters (Jukebox--3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Melody of Love--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)
--David Carroll and his Orchestra
--The Four Aces
2 Earth Angel (Will You Be Mine)--The Penguins
--The Crew-Cuts
3 Sincerely--The McGuire Sisters
4 Ko Ko Mo (I Love You So)--Perry Como
--The Crew-Cuts
5 Tweedlee Dee--Georgia Gibbs
--LaVern Baker and the Gliders
6 Hearts of Stone--The Fontane Sisters
--The Charms
7 Let Me Go Lover--Joan Weber
8 The Crazy Otto--Johnny Maddox and the Rhythmasters
9 Mr. Sandman--The Chordettes
--The Four Aces
10 The Naughty Lady of Shady Lane--The Ames Brothers
--Archie Bleyer

Singles entering the chart were The Ballad of Davy Crockett by Bill Hayes (#19); Pledging My Love, with versions by Johnny Ace and Teresa Brewer (#20); Danger! Heartbreak Ahead by Jaye P. Morgan (#21); Birth of the Boogie (#24)/Mambo Rock (#35) by Bill Haley and his Comets; The Sand and the Sea by Nat "King" Cole (#27); A Man Chases a Girl (Until She Catches Him) by Eddie Fisher (#28); and If Anyone Finds This, I Love You by Kay Starr (#44). The Ballad of Davy Crockett was the theme song of several episodes of the television anthology series Disneyland; the first program about Davy Crockett was broadcast on ABC on December 15, 1954. The Sand and the Sea was the B-side of Darling Je Vous Aime Beaucoup, which was currently uncharted after entering the chart on February 12 for two weeks.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Eight Days a Week--The Beatles
2 Ferry Cross the Mersey--Gerry & the Pacemakers
3 This Diamond Ring--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
4 Little Things--Bobby Goldsboro
5 King of the Road--Roger Miller
6 The Jolly Green Giant--The Kingsmen
7 The Birds and the Bees--Jewel Akens
8 Easy Come, Easy Go--Barry Allen
9 Love Potion No. 9--The Searchers
10 Goldfinger--Shirley Bassey
Pick hit of the week: The Boy from New York City--The Ad Libs
New this week: Can't Go to Sleep--Formula 1
Let the People Talk--Neil Sedaka
For Mamma--Jerry Vale
Little Sidewalk Surfer Girl--The Hondells
(Here They Come) From All Over the World--Jan & Dean
Cry is All I Do--The Esquires

(Here They Come) From All Over the World was the theme from The T.A.M.I. Show, a two-day rock concert at Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in Santa Monica, California on October 28 and 29, 1964, which was filmed and released as a movie, opening in theatres on December 29, 1964.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 58.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Stephen Tibble, 22
. U.K. police officer. Police Constable Tibble had been with the London police force for just six months when he was shot to death by Irish Republican Army terrorist Liam Quinn, who escaped to San Francisco.

Politics and government
Jean Marchand resigned as Quebec leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, but stayed on as Minister of Transport in the cabinet of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.

30 years ago
1985


Died on this date
Tjalling Koopmans, 74
. Dutch-born U.S. economist. Dr. Koopmans shared the 1975 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences with Leonid Kantorovich "for their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources."

25 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Cornell Gunter, 53
. U.S. singer. Mr. Gunter was an original member of the Platters in the early 1950s, before joining the Flairs, and later, the Coasters, with whom he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987. He was shot to death in his car in Las Vegas.

World events
The U.S.S.R. began pulling its 73,500 troops out of Czechoslovakia, agreeing to be out by July 1991.

Politics and government
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega conceded defeat to Violetta Chamorro in the previous day’s general election.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 2 @ Vancouver 5

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Old Pop in an Oak--Rednex (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jack Clayton, 73
. U.K. film director. Mr. Clayton directed just seven theatrical films, but they included Room at the Top (1959); The Innocents (1961); and The Great Gatsby (1974). He died of a heart attack three days before his 74th birthday.

Music
This blogger attended a matinee performance of the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton, with David Hoyt conducting. The guest soloist was violinist Leila Josefowicz.

Scandal
Barings Bank, the United Kingdom's oldest investment banking institute, collapsed after securities broker Nick Leeson lost $1.4 billion by speculating on the Singapore International Monetary Exchange using futures contracts.

Economics and finance
China agreed to take a number of steps to enforce copyright laws and close down the illegal manufacturing of copies of U.S. motion picture and music recordings. The moves came before U.S. tariffs of as much as 100% went into effect on a wide range of goods imported from China.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Jef Raskin, 61
. U.S. computer scientist. Mr. Raskin was best known for conceiving and beginning the Macintosh project in 1979 when he was with Apple Computers. He was a man of various interests, and was a skilled musician and artist. Mr. Raskin died of pancreatic cancer 11 days before his 62nd birthday.