Wednesday, 26 April 2017

April 26, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lynn Weiss!

825 years ago
1192


Died on this date
Go-Shirakawa, 64
. Emperor of Japan, 1155-1158. Go-Shirakawa, born Masahito-shinnō, was the fourth son of Emperor Toba. He succeeded his brother Konoe on the throne, and abdicated in favour of his son Nijō.

410 years ago
1607


Americana
An expedition of English colonists went ashore at Cape Henry, Virginia to establish the first permanent English settlement in the Western Hemisphere.

130 years ago
1887


Albertana
Charles Ora Card and a small group of Mormons founded the community that became Cardston, Alberta. The settlers were religious refugees from American law, particularly over the issue of polygamy; experienced in dry farming, they introduced a variety of new crops, and joined with the Galt Company in irrigating other areas of southern Alberta.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, I.M. Pei!
The Chinese-born U.S. architect designed such buildings as the National Gallery of Art; Bank of China Tower; John F. Kennedy Library; and Dallas City Hall.

Sal Maglie. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Maglie pitched in the major leagues with the New York Giants (1945, 1950-1955); Cleveland Indians (1955-1956); Brooklyn Dodgers (1956-1957); New York Yankees (1957-1958); and St. Louis Cardinals (1958), compiling a record of 119 wins and 62 losses for a winning percentage of .657 with an earned run average of 3.15 in 303 games. After his rookie year, he jumped to the Mexican League in 1946 and was one of several players who was banned from returning to the major leagues. The ban was lifted in 1949, and he returned to the Giants in 1950; Mr. Maglie led the National League that year in earned run average and winning percentage. In 1951 Mr. Maglie and teammate Larry Jansen tied for the NL lead in wins with 23 as the Giants made a late charge to defeat the Dodgers in a 3-game playoff to win the NL pennant. He was known as "The Barber" for giving "close shaves," i.e., pitching inside to hitters, often close to their chins. Mr. Maglie died on December 28, 1992 at the age of 75.

Virgil Trucks. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Trucks played with the Detroit Tigers (1941-1943, 1945-1952, 1956); St. Louis Browns (1953); Chicago White Sox (1953-1955); Kansas City Athletics (1957-1958) and New York Yankees (1958), compiling a record of 177-135 with an earned run average of 3.39 in 517 games. He was in the military in 1944 and most of 1945, joining the Tigers in time to participate in their World Seris championship. Mr. Trucks pitched two no-hitters in 1952, despite having a 5-19 record. He began the 1953 season with a 5-4 record with the Browns, going 15-6 after being traded to the White Sox to finish the year at 20-10. Mr. Trucks was a pitching coach with several major league teams, including the Pittsburgh Pirates when they won the World Series in 1960. He died on March 23, 2013 at the age of 95.

80 years ago
1937


War
In the Spanish Civil War, the German Luftwaffe destroyed the town of Guernica.

75 years ago
1942


War
Japanese troops in Burma advanced along the Rangoon-Mandalay railroad, capturing Yamethin and reaching Pyawbwe, 85 miles south of Mandalay.

Defense
The U.S. Eastern Defense Command announced plans to control the dimming of shorelights and to regulate activities of aliens in 16 Eastern states and Washington.

Disasters
1,549 miners were killed in a coal-dust explosion at Benxihu Colliery in Manchukuo.

5 people were killed and 222 injured when a Hudson & Manhattan Railroad train travelling at high speed was wrecked in an underground tube in Jersey City, New Jersey.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
A.E. Conquest
. U.K. police officer. Mr. Conquest, the deputy police chief in Haifa in mandatory Palestine, was assassinated by Zionist terrorists.

War

Vietnam radio announced that an envoy of Vietnamese nationalist leader Ho Chi Minh had arrived in Saigon to open truce negotiations with French High Commissioner Emile Bollaert.

U.S. President Harry Truman ordered the transfer of an unspecified number of surplus ships together with naval personnel to the Chinese Nationalists.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cumberland Gap--Lonnie Donegan (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
King Hussein of Jordan named Defense Minister Toukan, a moderate, as military governor of Jordan.

Defense
The British Admiralty disclosed plans to scrap four of the U.K.'s five remaining battleships and to regroup the Royal Navy in task forces organized around Britain's 12 aircraft carriers.

Crime
Jacob Albam pled guilty in a U.S. federal court in New York to conspiring with Jack and Myra Soble to obtain U.S. defense data for the U.S.S.R.

Disasters
A boat on the Yangtze River burned and sank near Wuhan, China, drowning 100 passengers.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
3 Georgy Girl--The Seekers
4 What's Wrong with the Way I Live--The Twilights
5 Ruby Tuesday/Let's Spend the Night Together--The Rolling Stones
6 All My Loving (EP)--Johnny Young
7 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
8 The Return of the Red Baron--The Royal Guardsmen
9 I'm a Believer--The Monkees
10 There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits

Singles entering the chart were A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You by the Monkees (#17); Going Home/I Don't Care by Normie Rowe (#22); Who'll Be the One by the Easybeats (#25); Sunday for Tea by Peter and Gordon (#36); and Love Like Ours by the Loved Ones (#39).

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson concluded his three-day visit to West Germany; he had gone to attend the funeral of former West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, and had engaged in talks with current Chancellor Kurt Kiesinger, U.K. Prime Minister Harold Wilson, Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro, and French President Charles de Gaulle.

40 years ago
1977


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Islanders 0 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Boston 5 @ Philadelphia 4 (OT) (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Jim Roberts scored 2 goals, with his first, at 7:46 of the 3rd period, breaking a scoreless tie as the Canadiens blanked the Islanders at the Montreal Forum, with Ken Dryden winning the goaltending duel over Glenn Resch.

Terry O'Reilly's goal 10:07 into the 1st overtime period gave the Bruins their second straight overtime win over the Flyers at the Spectrum.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Winnipeg 4 @ Houston 3 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 1-0)

CHL
Adams Cup
Finals
Kansas City 5 @ Tulsa 4 (OT) (Kansas City won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Gilles Marotte scored 1:04 into the 1st overtime period to give the Blues their sweep of the Oilers at the Assembly Center, and their first Adams Cup championship. Alain Langlais scored for Tulsa with just 1:02 remaining in regulation time to send the game into overtime. Kansas City goalie Bill McKenzie, who posted a record of 8-2 with a goals against average of 2.18 and 2 shutouts in 10 games, was named the Most Valuable Player of the playoffs. It was the final game for the Kansas City franchise as the Blues; they switched their NHL affiliation to the Detroit Red Wings for the 1977-78 season, and became the Kansas City Red Wings.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Don't Dream it's Over--Crowded House (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Viens boire un p'tit coup à la maison--License IV (3rd week at #1)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): On a Sunday Afternoon--A Lighter Shade of Brown

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Das Boot--U 96 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Das Boot--U 96 (8th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup playoffs
Detroit 3 Minnesota 0
Chicago 6 St. Louis 4

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): My Love For You--Blackwood (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Old Before I Die--Robbie Williams

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Fired Up--Funky Green Dogs

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Let a Boy Cry--Gala (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Believe I Can Fly--R. Kelly (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I Believe I Can Fly--R. Kelly (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Can't Nobody Hold Me Down--Puff Daddy featuring Mase (6th week at #1)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Jack Valenti, 85
. U.S. advertising and movie executive. Mr. Valenti was an advertising executive who beame a political consultant and was a "special assistant" to U.S. President Lyndon Johnson from 1963-1966 until accepting the position of president of the Motion Picture Association of America, holding the position until his returement in 2004. He devised the rating system for movies in 1968 in order to prevent possible government intervention. Mr. Valenti opposed making movies available via new technologies such as video cassettes and the Internet.

Tuesday, 25 April 2017

April 25, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Suzie Martin!

675 years ago
1342


Died on this date
Benedict XII, 53-62 (?)
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1334-1342. Benedict XII, born Jacques Fournier in France, was the third of seven popes whose papacy was located in Avignon, France. He succeeded John XXII, and was known as a reformer who didn't follow the policies of his predecessor. Benedict XII was succeeded by Clement VI.

410 years ago
1607


War
The Dutch fleet destroyed the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar.

310 years ago
1707


War
A coalition of England, the Netherlands, and Portugal was defeated by a Franco-Spanish army in the Battle of Almansa, Spain in the War of the Spanish Succession.

225 years ago
1792


Died on this date
Nicolas Pelletier, 36 (?)
. French criminal. Mr. Pelletier, a highwayman, became the first person executed by guillotine. He was sentenced to death for an assault and robbery on October 14, 1791, in which the victim was killed. The crowd in Paris was reportedly dissatisfied with the rapidity of the method of execution.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Maud Hart Lovelace
. U.S. authoress. Mrs. Lovelace was best known for her Betsy-Tacy series of children's books (1940-1955). She died on March 11, 1980 at the age of 87.

Died on this date
Karl von Ditmar, 69
. German geologist and explorer. Mr. Ditmar was best known for contributing to the body of knowledge about Kamchatka.

Henri Duveyrier, 52. French explorer. Mr. Duveyrier explored the Sahara Desert, and contributed to the body of knowledge about the Tuareg people. He committed suicide in Sèvres.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Ella Fitzgerald
. U.S. singer. Miss Fitzgerald, nicknamed the "First Lady of Song," was one of the most highly-regarded jazz singers in history, with achievements too numerous to mention here. She won 13 Grammy Awards and probably would have won more if the awards had been presented prior to 1958. Miss Fitzgerald suffered from diabetes in her later years and died on June 15, 1996 at the age of 79.

Religion
The Doukhobor Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood, headed by Peter Verigin, was incorporated in Saskatchewan.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Moonlight Cocktail--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (9th week at #1)

War
U.K. Royal Air Force planes bombed the German Baltic port of Rostock for the second night in a row. British radio announced that General Henri Honore Giraud, 63, a French Army commander who had been captured in may 1940, had escaped from the fortress of Koenigstein. U.S. troops arrived at New Caledonia--about 800 miles east of Australia--to assist in defending the island. Japanese columns drove west and northeast of Taunggyi, Burma.

Politics and government
Paraguayan President Higinio Morinigio ordered the dissolution of the Liberal Party on charges of "high treason."

Economics and finance
The United States and Nicaragua reached an agreement whereby Nicaragua would get a $500,000 credit through the Import-Export Bank, and the U.S.A. would build the Nicaraguan portion of the Inter-American Highway and purchase Nicaragua's rubber.

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
Major Peter Cashin led a delegation of the Newfoundland National Convention to London. On arrival, Secretary for the Dominions Lord Addison stated Westminster's position: if Newfoundland voted to return to responsible government, it could expect no further aid from Britain. Major Cashin argued that Britain was conspiring to sell Newfoundland to the Dominion of Canada, and violating the 1934 agreement to restore responsible government as soon as Newfoundland became self-supporting again.

Elections for the Japanese House of Representatives resulted in a victory for the Social Deomcrats, who won 142 of the chamber's 466 seats, although the conservative Liberal Party obrained the largest number of popular votes.

Diplomacy
The non-Zionist American Council for Judaism announced its opposition to the seating of special Jewish representatives in the upcoming United Nations General Assembly session on Palestine.

Terrorism
The Greek government ordered the disarming and disbanding of royalist groups who were terrorizing the Laconia area of the Peloponnesus.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee formally approved President Harry Truman's Greek-Turkish aid bill, calling the measure "a positive move for the preservation of world peace."

60 years ago
1957


War
Nicaraguan troops invaded the newly-created Honduran state of Gracia a Dios on the Caribbean coast, claiming that some Nicaraguan territory had been used in the creation of the new state.

World events
King Hussein of Jordan decreed martial law throughout the country, imposing total curfews on Amman, Jerusalem, Ramaliah, Nablus, and Irbid after abolishing all of Jordan's political parties.

Defense
Acting to assure the survival of Jordan's King Hussein against leftist and nationalist opponents, the United States ordered the Navy's 6th Fleet from French and Italian ports to the eastern Mediterranean Sea.

Politics and government
Finnish Prime Minister Karl August Fagerholm and his cabinet resigned, following Mr. Fagerholm's defeat by Vaino Tanner for the presidency of the Social Democratic Party.

Oil
U.S. Defense Mobilization Agency director Gordon Gray released an exchange of correspondence in which President Dwight Eisenhower agreed that "there is reason for the belief" that crude oil imports had risen to the point where they endangered U.S. security.

Environment
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission member Willard Libby wrote, in a letter to Dr. Albert Schweitzer, that the current level of strontium-90 in the atmsphere is "less than 1% of the maximum permissible concentration."

50 years ago
1967


Politics and government
The British protectorate of Swaziland was granted self-government, with Prince Makhosini Diamini as Prime Minister.

Defense
The Canadian House of Commons passed Bill C-243, "The Canadian Forces Reorganization Act," unifying the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force into one service, the Canadian Armed Forces, with common uniform and rank designations, to come into effect February 1, 1968.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 2 @ Toronto 3 (3 OT) (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Bob Pulford scored 8:26 into the 3rd overtime period to give the Maple Leafs their win over the Canadiens at Maple Leaf Gardens. Johnny Bower made 60 saves as he won an outstanding goaltending duel over Rogie Vachon.

40 years ago
1977


Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Indianapolis 3 @ Quebec 8 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 2-0)

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Loving You is Sweeter Than Ever--Nick Kamen

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Walk Like an Egyptian--Bangles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Sailing Home--Piet Veerman

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sailing Home--Piet Veerman (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Irish Rover--The Pogues and the Dubliners (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): La Isla Bonita--Madonna

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): La Isla Bonita--Madonna

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)--Aretha Franklin and George Michael (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)--Aretha Franklin and George Michael
2 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
3 Don't Dream it's Over--Crowded House
4 Sign 'o' the Times--Prince
5 Looking for a New Love--Jody Watley
6 (I Just) Died in Your Arms--Cutting Crew
7 The Finer Things--Steve Winwood
8 La Isla Bonita--Madonna
9 Walking Down Your Street--Bangles
10 With or Without You--U2

Singles entering the chart were In Too Deep by Genesis (#54); Jammin' Me by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#84); Why Can't this Night Go on Forever by Journey (#85); Back and Forth by Cameo (#86); Soul City by the Partland Brothers (#88); Weatherman Says by Jack Wagner (#89); and Sweet Sixteen by Billy Idol (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Lean on Me--Club Nouveau (3rd week at #1)
2 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
3 Don't Dream it's Over--Crowded House
4 I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)--Aretha Franklin and George Michael
5 Somewhere Out There--Linda Ronstadt and James Ingram
6 With or Without You--U2
7 Wild Horses--Gino Vannelli
8 Heat of the Night--Bryan Adams
9 Holiday Rap--M.C. Miker G. & DJ Sven
10 Sign 'o' the Times--Prince

Singles entering the chart were Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You by Glenn Medeiros (#92); Walkin' a Fine Line by Johansen (#94); Get that Love by Thompson Twins (#96); Right on Track by Breakfast Club (#97); and Just to See Her by Smokey Robinson (#98).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Toronto 2 @ Detroit 4 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Edmonton 5 @ Winnipeg 2 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-0)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Love Song--Chage & Aska

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Why--Annie Lennox (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Quimica--Chimo Bayo (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers

#1 single in France (SNEP): Joy--François Feldman

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): To Be with You--Mr. Big

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Deeply Dippy--Right Said Fred (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jump--Kris Kross

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton
2 Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams
3 Make it Happen--Mariah Carey
4 Masterpiece--Atlantic Starr
5 Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen
6 Everything Changes--Kathy Troccoli
7 Hazard--Richard Marx
8 Jump--Kris Kross
9 Beauty and the Beast--Celine Dion and Peabo Bryson
10 My Lovin' (You're Never Gonna Get It)--En Vogue

Singles entering the chart were Just Take My Heart by Mr. Big (#69); Damn I Wish I was Your Lover by Sophie B. Hawkins (#72); Don't Talk Just Kiss by Right Said Fred (#84); What You Give by Tesla (#89); This is the Last Time by Laura Enea (#91); Anything at All by Mitch Malloy (#92); No Sunshine by Kid Frost (#94); Lift Me Up by Howard Jones (#96); and If You Could See Me Now by Devonsquare (#99). Bohemian Rhapsody had been a major hit in Great Britain in 1975 and in North America in 1976, and had been reissued as a single, presumably because it had been featured in the movie Wayne's World (1992).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Thought I'd Died and Gone to Heaven--Bryan Adams
2 Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton
3 Human Touch--Bruce Springsteen
4 Hazard--Richard Marx
5 Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams
6 One--U2
7 Make it Happen--Mariah Carey
8 To Be with You--Mr. Big
9 Ain't it Heavy--Melissa Etheridge
10 Sinking Like a Sunset--Tom Cochrane

Singles entering the chart were Why by Annie Lennox (#77); A Horse in the Country by Cowboy Junkies (#81); Under the Bridge by Red Hot Chili Peppers (#89); Goodbye by World on Edge (#91); River of Life by Stan Meissner (#93); It's Over Now by L.A. Guns (#97); Take Time by Chris Walker (#98); and Damn I Wish I was Your Lover by Sophie B. Hawkins (#99).

Died on this date
Brian MacLeod, 39
. Canadian musician. Mr. MacLeod was a member of the rock groups Chilliwack and Headpins in the 1980s.

Yutaka Ozaki, 26. Japanese musician. Mr. Ozaki was a pianist, guitarist, and singer-songwriter who was one of Japan's most popular recording artists from 1983 until his death, which occurred shortly after being found naked, drunk and unconscious in a Tokyo alleyway. Conspiracy theories abound.

World events
Islamic forces took over most of Kabul after the previously Soviet-controlled Afghan government collapsed.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup playoffs
New York Rangers 3 New Jersey 0

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Warum?--Tic Tac Toe (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Bailando--Paradisio

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Bobby Pickett, 69
. U.S. singer. Mr. Pickett, who recorded as Bobby (Boris) Pickett, was known for his imitation of the voice of actor Boris Karloff on the hit single Monster Mash, which reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in October 1962, and became a perennial Halloween favourite. Mr. Pickett died of leukemia.

Religion
The funeral of former Russian President Boris Yeltsin was the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.

Business
The oil company Shell Canada was delisted after 45 years on the Toronto Stock Exchange. Royal Dutch Shell bought out the minority shareholders for $8.7-billion, and folded Shell Canada.

Monday, 24 April 2017

April 24, 2017

400 years ago
1617


Died on this date
Concino Concini, 41 or 42
. Chief Minister of France, 1610-1617. Mr. Concini, a native of Florence, moved to France, where he served as Chief Minister to King Louis XIII. Mr. Concini eventually fell out of favour with the king, and was murdered by guards on the bridge of the Louvre.

225 years ago
1792


Franciana
The French national anthem, La Marseillaise, was composed by Captain Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.

140 years ago
1877


War
The Russian Empire declared war on the Ottoman Empire.

Politics and government
U.S. federal troops were ordered out of New Orleans, ending the North's post-Civil War rule in the South.

100 years ago
1917


Baseball
George Mogridge became the first New York Yankee to pitch a no-hitter, walking 3 batters and allowing an unearned run as the Yankees edged the Boston Red Sox 2-1 before 3,219 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Losing pitcher Dutch Leonard pitched an 8-hit complete game.

The St. Louis Browns erupted for 7 unearned runs in the top of the 8th inning to defeat the Detroit Tigers 7-2 before 4,473 fans at Navin Field in Detroit. Carl Weilman allowed 4 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 7 innings to get the win, while Harry Coveleski allowed 7 hits in 7 2/3 innings in taking the loss.

The Chicago White Sox managed just 2 hits in the entire game, but scored a run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to edge the Cleveland Indians 1-0 before 5,000 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Jim Scott pitched a 5-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Stan Coveleski, who allowed just 2 hits and 2 bases on balls in 8 1/3 innings.

Pinch hitter Jack Smith singled home Walton Cruise with none out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 2-1 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates at Robison Field in St. Louis. Rogers Hornsby accounted for the other St. Louis run with a solo home run in the 5th inning, and also hit a triple. Red Ames pitched a 6-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Burleigh Grimes, who allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 9+ innings.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Lucy Maud Montgomery, 67
. Canadian authoress. Miss Montgomery, who was born in Clifton, Prince Edward Island on the same day as Winston Churchill was born in England, wrote 20 novels, 530 short stories, 500 poems, and 30 essays, but was best known for eight novels featuring the character Anne Shirley, beginning with Anne of Green Gables (1908). Miss Montgomery had an unhappy home life and died of coronary thrombosis, but left a note that may or may not have indicated suicide.

Jack "Chappie" Blackburn, 58. U.S. boxer and trainer. Mr. Blackburn was a lightweight and welterweight who compiled a record of 115-25-22-5 in a professional career spanning 1900-1923. In January 1909 he shot and killed a husband and wife and was sentenced to 15 years in prison for manslaughter, but was freed for good behaviour after five years. Mr. Blackburn trained world lightweight champion Sammy Mandell and light heavyweight champion John Henry Lewis, but was best known for training Joe Louis, who won the world heavyweight title in 1937. Mr. Blackburn was still working in this capacity when he suffered a fatal heart attack while undergoing a routine physical examination. He was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1992.

War
U.K. Royal Air Force bombers attacked the German Baltic port of Rostock and Heinkel aircraft factories nearby. The Chinese command in Chungking announced that Japanese mechanized units in Burma, aided by aircraft, had reached Hopong near Taunggi, 100 miles southeast of Mandalay, indicating an 80-mile advance northward from Loikaw.

World events
Mexican officials arrested reported Nazi Party chief Ewald Bork and three other party officials in Mexico City.

Politics and government
The Madras section of the All-India Congress Party recommended in a resolution to the national party that "it has become necessary to acknowledge the Moslem League's" claim for a separate Muslim state.

Economics and finance
U.S. Budget Director Harold Smith told the House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee that war costs would be $70 billion for fiscal 1943, $14.214 billion more than originally estimated.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Willa Cather, 73
. U.S. authoress. Miss Cather wrote about frontier life on the Great Plains of the United States in novels such as O Pioneers! (1913); The Song of the Lark (1915); and My Ántonia (1918). She won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for the novel One of Ours (1922). Miss Cather died of a cerebral hemorrhage.

War
Chinese Communist forces released two U.S. Army officers who had been captured in Manchuria on March 1.

Diplomacy
The foreign ministers conference in Moscow adjourned after 46 days without agreement on the German or Austrian peace treaties. Participants agreed to reduce occupation forces in Germany by September 1, 1947 and appoint a four-power commission which would meet in Vienna to negotiate disputed points of the Austrian treaty.

The Argentine government announced that all of its Central American diplomatic missions would be raised to embassy rank.

Defense
U.K. Palestine High Commissioner Sir Alan Cunningham flew to Egypt to ask for more troops from the British Middle East command.

Agriculture
Announcing a 200,000-ton wheat shortage, the French government reduced the daily bread ration from 300 to 250 grams.

Economics and finance
The U.K. Fuel and Power Ministry proclaimed a five-month ban on the use of gas or electricity for home heating, effective May 5, 1947.

Yugoslavia announced a five-year electrification and agricultural improvement plan costing $5.6 billion.

Labour
The United Auto Workers of America approved a one-year contract providing for an 11 1/2c hourly wage increase for 220,000 General Motors workers.

Business
General Electric President Charles Wilson announced a 7% price increase to cover the cost of a $40-million wage increase recently granted to the company's employees.

60 years ago
1957


Diplomacy
U.S. delegate Henry Cabot Lodge requested a meeting of the United Nations Security Council to resume debate on the Suez Canal dispute.

Transportation
The first U.S. vessel to use the Suez Canal since October 1956 paid $10,295 in Egyptian canal tolls under protest.

Defense
A three-stage Lockheed X-17 experimental missile launched at Patrick Air Force Base, Florida reached a record speed of 9,240 miles per hour.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Hablemos Del Amor--Raphael

Died on this date
Vladimir Komarov, 40
. U.S.S.R. cosmonaut. Polkovnik (Colonel) Komarov was a fighter pilot and engineer commanded Voskhod 1 in 1964, the first manned space mission with a three-man crew. He was chosen to fly the Soyuz 1 mission, in which he was the sole crewman, becoming the first cosmonaut to fly into space twice. The spacecraft lifted off on April 23, 1967, but was plagued with technical problems, and after the 13th orbit of Earth, the decision was made to abort the mission. The spacecraft managed to reenter the atmosphere, but after the drogue parachute deployed, the main parachute didn't open, and the reserve main parachute became tangled with the drogue parachute, resulting in a high-speed impact that instantly killed Col. Komarov (see also here, here, and here). It was the first space mission to result in a fatality, occurring less than three months after U.S. astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee had died in a fire during a ground test of their Apollo 1 spacecraft.



Edmontonia
Former Governor General of Canada Earl Alexander of Tunis was the guest speaker at the third annual banquet of the Sir Winston Churchill Society.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul (5th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 4 @ Philadelphia 3 (OT) (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Rick Middleton scored 2:57 into the 1st overtime period to give the Bruins their win over the Flyers at the Spectrum.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
San Diego 3 @ Winnipeg 7 (Winnipeg won best-of-seven series 4-3)

The Jets' win at Winnipeg Arena was the last game the Mariners ever played. The team started as the New York Raiders in 1972-73; began the 1973-74 season as the New York Golden Blades; moved to New Jersey after 20 games and played the rest of that season as the New Jersey Knights; and moved to San Diego and played as the Mariners from 1974-77. The franchise was in such dire financial straits at the end that the players were playing just for pride, because they weren't being paid.

CHL
Adams Cup
Finals
Kansas City 4 @ Tulsa 3 (OT) (Kansas City led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Mike Korney scored at 10:03 of the 1st overtime period to give the Blues their win over the Oilers at the Assembly Center. Bill McKenzie played his ninth straight playoff game in goal for Kansas City, while Michel Belhumeur replaced Bruce Bullock in goal for Tulsa, making 32 saves in his only playoff game in 1977.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're the Voice--John Farnham

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): To Be with You--Mr. Big

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup playoffs
Chicago 5 St. Louis 3
Los Angeles 4 Edmonton 3

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Perseeseen--Klamydia (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Pat Paulsen, 69
. U.S. comedian. Mr. Paulsen was part of the supporting cast of The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour (1967-1969), where he was known for his deadpan delivery. He mounted humourous campaigns for President of the United States six times from 1968-1996, attracting small numbers of protest votes. Mr. Paulsen died in Tijuana, Mexico while seeking alternative treatment for cancer.

Allan Francovich, 56. U.S. film producer, writer, and director. Mr. Francovich made documentary films that questioned the "official" version of various events. His films included On Company Business (1980) and The Maltese Double Cross--Lockerbie (1994). Mr. Francovich suffered a fatal heart attack in the customs area of George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston while returning to the United States from England.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup playoffs
Montreal 4 New Jersey 3 (3 OT)

Sunday, 23 April 2017

April 23, 2017

800 years ago
1217


Died on this date
Inge II, 31 or 32
. King of Norway, 1204-1217. Inge II was elected King by the rebellious birkebeiner faction after infant King Guttorm died without any relatives to succeed him. After Erling, King of the rival bagler faction, died in 1206, a civil war ensued, which ended in a peace treaty in 1208. Inge II died of an illness and was succeeded on the throne by Haakon IV.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Johannes Fibiger
. Danish physician and pathologist. Dr. Fibiger was awarded the 1926 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his discovery of the Spiroptera carcinoma," which reportedly caused cancer in mice and rats. This result was later disproven. Dr. Fibiger died on January 30, 1928 at the age of 60.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Tony Lupien
. U.S. baseball player and coach. Mr. Lupien was a first baseman with the Boston Red Sox (1940-1943); Philadelphia Blue Jays (1944-1945) and Chicago White Sox (1948), batting .268 with 18 home runs and 230 runs batted in in 614 games. He played for the Hollywood Stars of the Pacific Coast League in 1946-1947, winning the league's Most Valuable Player award for 1947, when he hit .341 with 21 home runs and 110 RBIs. Mr. Lupien was the baseball coach at Dartmouth College from 1956-1976, compiling a record of 313-305. He died on July 9, 2004 at the age of 87.

75 years ago
1942


War
German bombers hit Exeter, Bath and York, England in retaliation for the British raid on Lübeck in March. The U.S.S.R. news agency Tass reported that an American plane had landed in Siberia on April 18, the day four Japanese cities had been bombed, and that the crew had been interned "in accordance with international law."

Abominations
The New York Times reported that 1,100 Norwegian teachers who refused to join the teachers' association created by Minister President Vidkun Quisling were being sent to labour camps.

Religion
Most Rev. William Temple was installed as the 95th Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate of All England at Canterbury Cathedral.

Economics and finance
The U.S.A. and Peru reached an agreement in Washington whereby the United States would advance a $1,125,000 credit for an increase in Peruvian rubber production; establish a $25-million credit for Peruvian public works; and agree to buy all surplus Peruvian rubber for five years.

Labour
A U.S. federal grand jury in Illinois acquitted Toledo, Peoria & Western Railroad President George McNair and two other officials of violating the National Railway Labor Act by coercing union employees.

70 years ago
1947


Literature
Why They Behave Like Russians, a study of the Soviet Union by John Fischer, was published by Harpers.

Americana
The U.S. Senate passed a bill changing the name of Colorado's Boulder Dam to Hoover Dam in honour of former President Herbert Hoover.

Abominations
Hans Biebow, chief of German Nazi administration of the Łódź Ghetto in occupied Poland during World War II, went on trial in Łódź for crimes against humanity.

War
U.S. War Secretary Robert Patterson ordered the elimination of the distinction between officers and enlisted men on national cemetery grave markers.

A. U.S. federal court in New York sentenced multimillionaire international financier Serge Rubinstein to 2 1/2 years in prison and a $50,000 fine for draft evasion during World War II.

Politics and government
Chinese Premier Chang Chun announced his new cabinet, taking 16 of its 26 members from the governing Kuomintang.

Economics and finance
At the Moscow conference of foreign ministers, the "Big Four" nations (U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., France) agreed to devalue the German reichsmark, cancelling most of the currency now in circulation.

The International Wheat Conference ended a five-week session in London without an agreement after the United Kingdom rejected a five-year stabilization plan.

Labour
United Steel Workers of America President Philip Murray promised "peace in the industry for two years" as he signed a contract with U.S. Steel providing for a 12 1/2c hourly wage increase plus a 2 1/2c hourly increase in fringe benefits.

The Iowa state legislature passed a law banning closed shops, union shops, and dues checkoffs.

60 years ago
1957


Television
Robert Strom, 10, a science enthusiast from Bronx, New York, won $192,000--then a record for quiz shows--after successfully completing three rounds on The $64,000 Question on CBS.

Aviation
The United States Air Force disclosed that North American Aviation was building the airframe, and Reaction Motors the liquid-propellant rocket engine, of the experimental X-15 rocket plane, designed to fly faster and higher "than any other manned aircraft ever before has flown."

Politics and government
Chilean President Carlos Ibanez named five new cabinet ministers in order to quell growing unrest as left-wing groups charged police with the destruction of a Communist-owned printing plant during recent riots.

Journalism
U.S. State Secretary John Foster Dulles ured journalists to propose plans under which "a strictly limited number of responsible correspondents" could "go to Communist China on behalf of [the] newsgathering community as a whole."

Economics and finance
South Korean Ambassador to the United States You Chan Yang protested U.S. proposals for modification of her trade policy on China, expressing concern that "some of our allies are going to build up Communist China industrially."

50 years ago
1967


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Soyuz 1 from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, with Vladimir Komarov the sole crewman.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson arrived in West Germany to begin a three-day visit, beginning with the funeral of former West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer.

Politics and government
King Hussein of Jordan appointed former diplomat Saad Jumma as Prime Minister, following elections for the 60-seat Chamber of Deputies which had seen 32 incumbents re-elected, with 5 members of the anti-Hussein Muslim Brotherhood elected.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tu mi rubi l'anima--Collage (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Swiss Lady--Pepe Lienhard Band (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Lay Back in the Arms of Someone--Smokie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Don't Leave Me this Way--Thelma Houston

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hotel California--Eagles
2 Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul
3 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
4 I've Got Love on My Mind--Natalie Cole
5 So In to You--Atlanta Rhythm Section
6 Rich Girl--Daryl Hall and John Oates
7 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
8 Lido Shuffle--Boz Scaggs
9 When I Need You--Leo Sayer
10 Tryin' to Love Two--William Bell

Singles entering the chart were Mainstreet by Bob Seger (#77); On the Border by Al Stewart (#78); You and Me by Alice Cooper (#80); Back in the Saddle by Aerosmith (#81); My Best Friend's Wife by Paul Anka (#82); I Just Want to Be Your Everything by Andy Gibb (#86); Spirit in the Night by Manfred Mann's Earth Band (#870; Do You Wanna Make Love by Peter McCann (#92); Hooked on You by Bread (#94); High on Love by Elliott Randall (#97); and Luckenbach, Texas (Back to the Basics of Love) by Waylon Jennings (#98).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul
2 The Things We Do for Love--10 C.C.
3 Dancing Queen--ABBA
4 Don't Leave Me this Way--Thelma Houston
5 So In to You--Atlanta Rhythm Section
6 Hotel California--Eagles
7 I've Got Love on My Mind--Natalie Cole
8 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
9 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
10 Rich Girl--Daryl Hall and John Oates

Singles entering the chart were Once in a Long Time by Christopher Ward (#85); Disco Inferno by the Trammps (#88); Forecast (Heartbreak, Rain and Tears) by Charity Brown (#89); Dreams by Fleetwood Mac (#90); Margaritaville by Jimmy Buffett (#91); Ariel by Dean Friedman (#94); You are on My Mind by Chicago (#95); Got to Give it Up (Part 1) by Marvin Gaye (#96); Undercover Angel by Alan O'Day (#97); High School Dance by the Sylvers (#98); Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky") by Bill Conti (#99); and That Magic Touch by Angel (#100).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Islanders 3 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Steve Shutt scored the winning goal at 4:07 of the 3rd period as the Canadiens edged the Islanders at the Montreal Forum.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Indianapolis 1 @ Quebec 3 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 1-0)

CHL
Adams Cup
Finals
Tulsa 0 @ Kansas City 3 (Kansas City led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Bill McKenzie posted his second shutout of the playoffs to win the goaltending duel over Bruce Bullock as the Blues blanked the Oilers at Kemper Memorial Arena.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 10 (CKRA)
1 Lean on Me—Club Nouveau
2 Nothing’s Gonna Stop Us Now—Starship
3 Wild Horses—Gino Vannelli
4 Somewhere Out There—Linda Ronstadt and James Ingram
5 Don’t Dream it’s Over—Crowded House
6 Montego Bay—Amazulu
7 I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)—Aretha Franklin and George Michael
8 Let’s Go!—Wang Chung
9 Tonight, Tonight, Tonight--Genesis
10 Bigtime--Expose

On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: One Day in April: 1961

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Toronto 7 @ Detroit 2 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Winnipeg 3 @ Edmonton 5 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-0)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Stay--Shakespears Sister (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Tanka Prasad Acharya, 79 or 80
. Prime Minister of Nepal, 1956-1957. Mr. Acharya was the founding leader of Nepal Praja Parishad (Nepal People's Council). He served as Prime Minister from January 27, 1956-July 26, 1957, when he resigned.

Satyajit Ray, 70. Indian film director and writer. Mr. Ray, probably the most famous director in Bollywood history, was known for such films as Pather Panchali (1955); Aparajito (1956); Apur Sansar (The World of Apu) (1959); and Agantuk (The Stranger) (1991). He was honoured with an Academy Award for lifetime achievement just before his death.

Environment
Canadian Environment Minister Jean Charest announced that 22,000 square kilometres on Baffin Island would be the site of a new national park.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Don't Let Go (Love)--En Vogue (4th week at #1)

Business
Ted England, head trader at Peters & Company, purchased 100 shares of Bell Canada, the last trade ever made on the trading floor of the Toronto Stock Exchange, as the TSE closed its floor after 145 years and moved to computer trading.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Boris Yeltsin, 76
. 1st President of Russia, 1991-1999. Mr. Yeltsin was a Communist and a member of the Politburo before resigning and leading the opposition to President Mikhail Gorbachev. Mr. Yeltsin was chairman of the Russian Supreme Soviet in 1990-1991, and became Russia's first President during the final months of the existence of the Soviet Union. He liberalized the ecoomy, but it was taken over by oligarchs, and Russia suffered severe economic and social problems. Mr. Yeltsin resigned under pressure on December 31, 1999 and was succeeded as President by Vladimir Putin.

Paul Erdman, 74. Canadian-born U.S. economist and author. Dr. Erdman, a native of Stratford, Ontario, was involved with a Swiss bank in the late 1960s, and served time in prison for fraud after the bank collapsed. While serving time, he began writing novels about finance, including The Billion Dollar Sure Thing (1973); The Silver Bears (1974); and The Crash of '79 (1976). Dr. Erdman died of cancer.

David Halberstam, 73. U.S. journalist and author. Mr. Halberstam was with The New York Times as a correspondent in Vietnam when he won a Pulitzer Prize in 1964 for International Reporting. He wrote several books about the Vietnam War, the best known being The Best and the Brightest (1972). Mr. Halberstam wrote several excellent books on sports in his later years, including The Breaks of the Game (1981); Summer of '49 (1989); and October 1964 (1994). He was killed in a car accident in Menlo Park, California, 13 days after his 73rd birthday, while on his way to conduct an interview for a book he was intending to write about the 1958 National Football League championship game.

Saturday, 22 April 2017

April 22, 2017

150 years ago
1867


Diplomacy
Japanese embassy personnel arrived in New York.

Labour
30,000 tailors went on strike in Paris, while tailors in London also went on strike.

125 years ago
1892


Died on this date
Édouard Lalo, 69
. French composer. Mr. Lalo was best known for Symphonie espagnole (1875).

75 years ago
1942


War
British troops attacked Germans near Boulogne on the French coast and withdrew after two hours, reportedly without losing a man. Malta dispatches reported that 37 Axis planes had been destroyed or damaged over the island the previous day, raising the total since April 1 to 117 shot down, 38 probably destroyed, and 100 damaged. Japanese troops attacked U.S.-Philippine positions near San Remingo and Valderrama on Panay Island, forcing defenders to withdraw. Japanese forces in Burma took Pyinmana, 155 miles south of Mandalay, and attacked Loikaw near the Thai frontier.

Education
The Rapp-Coudert committee reported that it had found 503 pro-Communists in the New York City education system and that most of them had yet to be removed, due to administrative indifference.

Scandal
Rayford W. Alley told the U.S. Senate committee investigating government waste--headed by Senator Harry Truman (Democrat--Missouri)--that former Massachusetts Governor James Curley was the president of Engineers Group, Inc., accused by four contractors of swindling them out of $21,000 they had paid as bribes for defense housing contracts.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Administration said that gas rationing would begin on May 15 in 17 eastern states and Washington, with each motorist restricted to 21.4 galons per week. The OPA set May 5 as the date for sugar rationing to commence.

70 years ago
1947


Diplomacy
Continuing his European speaking tour, former U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace arrived in Paris, and was greeted by French Communist leaders Jacques Duclos and Marcel Cachin. Mr. Wallace urged the United States to prove its peaceful intentions by granting a "non-political" loan to help rebuild Russia's war-devastated areas.

The Jewish Agency for Palestine and the Hebrew Committee of National Liberation requested that they be allowed to send nonvoting delegates to the upcoming United Nations General Assembly session on Palestine as representatives of the Jewish people.

Politics and government
Former Ambassador to the United States Wai Tao-ming was named Nationalist Governor of Taiwan as the island officially became a Chinese province.

The U.S. House of Representatives issued a contempt citation for Communist Party Secretary Eugene Dennis, who failed to answer an April 9 subpoena from the House Un-American Activities Committee.

A Gallup Poll reported that 79% of Democratic Party voters favoured U.S. President Harry Truman as the party's presidential candidate in the 1948 election, with former Vice President Wallace receiving the support of 9% of Democratic voters.

Aviation
The International Civil Aviation Organization announced the creation of a new worldwide search and rescue system to minimize aircraft losses.

Economics and finance
After two weeks of debate, the U.S. Senate voted 67-23 to approve President Truman's $400-million aid package to Greece and Turkey.

Scandal
Former U.S. Representative Andrew May went on trial in Washington's Federal District Court with three businessmen connected with the Garsson munitions firm on charges of war contract fraud and bribery.

Basketball
BAA
Finals
Chicago 80 @ Philadelphia 83 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Howie Dallmar's jump shot field goal in the last minute of regulation time broke an 80-80 tie and gave the Warriors their win over the Stags at Philadelphia Arena and the first Basketball Association of America championship. Philadelphia's Joe Fulks led all scorers with 34 points, while Tony Jaros led Chicago with 21 points.

60 years ago
1957


Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles delivered a major foreign policy address in New York, renewing the concept of peaceful liberation of Soviet bloc states as a basic policy of the administration of President Dwight Eisenhower.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court upheld a Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals ruling that federal district courts must retain jurisdiction over school segregation cases and keep the cases on their dockets until discrimination was ended.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Hey Joe--Johnny Hallyday (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un mondo d'amore--Gianni Morandi

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Let's Spend the Night Together--The Rolling Stones (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): This is My Song--Petula Clark; Harry Secombe (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Little Bit Me, a Little Bit You--The Monkees
2 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
3 Happy Together--The Turtles
4 I Think We're Alone Now--Tommy James and the Shondells
5 This is My Song--Petula Clark
6 Jimmy Mack--Martha and the Vandellas
7 Western Union--The Five Americans
8 Bernadette--Four Tops
9 The Happening--The Supremes
10 I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)--Aretha Franklin

Singles entering the chart were Groovin' by the Young Rascals (#70); Lay Some Happiness on Me by Dean Martin (#76); Melancholy Music Man by the Righteous Brothers (#79); I was Kaiser Bill's Batman by Whistling Jack Smith (#81); Sunshine Girl by the Parade (#86); Funky Broadway (Part 1) by Dyke and the Blazers (#89); Sam's Place by Buck Owens and the Buckaroos (#92); I'm Indestructible by Jack Jones (#93); Hey Love by Stevie Wonder (#96); Do the Thing by Lou Courtney (#97); and Blue's Theme by the Arrows (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Canada--The Young Canada Singers
2 A Little Bit Me, a Little Bit You--The Monkees
3 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
4 Bernadette--Four Tops
5 This is My Song--Petula Clark
6 Western Union--The Five Americans
7 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Mamas and the Papas
8 Jimmy Mack--Martha and the Vandellas
9 Beggin'--The 4 Seasons
10 I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)--Aretha Franklin

Singles entering the chart were I Got Rhythm by the Happenings (#66); Casino Royale by Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass (#70); I was Kaiser Bill's Batman by Whistling Jack Smith (#72); Release Me (And Let Me Love Again) by Engelbert Humperdinck (#73); Here Comes My Baby by the Tremeloes (#74); Portrait of My Love by the Tokens (#80); Shake a Tail Feather by James and Bobby Purify (#83); Nothing Takes the Place of You by Toussaint McCall (#86); Sunshine Girl by the Parade (#87); It's So Hard Being a Loser by the Contours (#88); Do the Thing by Lou Courtney (#89); I Love You More than Words Can Say by Otis Redding (#90); My Girl Josephine by Jerry Jaye (#91); Making Memories by Frankie Laine (#92); In the Midnight Hour by the Wanted (#93); The Whole World is a Stage by the Fantastic Four (#94); Little Games by the Yardbirds (#95); Precious Memories by the Romans (#96); Melancholy Music Man by the Righteous Brothers (#97); I'm Indestructible by Jack Jones (#98); Holiday for Clowns by Brian Hyland (#99); and Live by the Merry-Go-Round (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 Blue's Theme--The Arrows
2 You Got What it Takes--The Dave Clark Five
3 A Little Bit Me, a Little Bit You--The Monkees
4 Happy Jack--The Who
5 On a Carousel--The Hollies
6 She's Looking Good--Rodger Collins
7 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
8 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
9 Bernadette--Four Tops
10 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane

Singles entering the chart were I Can't Seem to Make You Mine by the Seeds (#36); Creeque Alley by the Mamas and the Papas (#39); I Got Rhythm by the Happenings (#43); Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be? by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#46); Music to Watch Girls By by Andy Williams (#47); Casino Royale by Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass (#49); and I was Kaiser Bill's Batman by Whistling Jack Smith (#50).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
2 Blue's Theme--The Arrows
3 Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
4 The Happening--The Supremes
5 No Milk Today/There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits
6 My Back Pages--The Byrds
7 Yellow Balloon--The Yellow Balloon
8 I Can't Seem to Make You Mine--The Seeds
9 I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)--Aretha Franklin
10 Girl, You'll Be a Woman Soon--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be? by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#20); Live by the Merry-Go-Round (#22); Buy for Me the Rain by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band (#26); I was Kaiser Bill's Batman by Whistling Jack Smith (#28); Groovin' by the Young Rascals (#29); and My Babe by Ronnie Dove (#30).

Died on this date
Tom Conway, 62
. Russian-born actor. Mr. Conway, born Tom Sanders, was the older brother of actor George Sanders, and changed his surname after losing a coin toss to see which of the two would keep the original surname. The family moved to England at the outbreak of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, and Mr. Conway followed his brother to Hollywood in the early 1940s. Mr. Conway succeeded his brother as The Falcon, playing the title character in 10 movies from 1942-1946. When Basil Rathbone declined to renew his contract as Sherlock Holmes, Mr. Conway replaced him on radio, with Nigel Bruce continuing as Dr. Watson in the 1946-47 season of The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Mr. Conway starred in the television series Inspector Mark Saber – Homicide Detective (1951-1954). As the years went on, drinking destroyed Mr. Conway's career, and eventually took his life.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 3 @ Montreal 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Johnny Bower replaced Terry Sawchuk in goal for the Maple Leafs and posted the shutout to win the goaltending duel over Rogie Vachon.

CPHL
Adams Cup
Finals
Oklahoma City 3 @ Omaha 2 (Oklahoma City won best-of-seven series 4-1)

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Shenandoah--Jan Lindblad (9th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Portuguese Prime Minister Mario Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares concluded three days of talks in Washington on Portugal's economic recovery program with U.S. President Jimmy Carter and U.S. congressional leaders.

Communications
Optical fiber was first used to carry live telephone traffic.

Environment
A pipe blew out during a routine maintenance procedure on a Phillips Petroleum rig in the North Sea, causing millions of gallons of oil to spread over an area of 1,300 square miles. The spill occurred in the Ekofisk field, about 160 miles southwest of Norway and 180 miles northwest of Denmark.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
Edmonton 3 @ Houston 4 (Houston won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Winnipeg 1 @ San Diego 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

CHL
Adams Cup
Finals
Tulsa 1 @ Kansas City 4 (Kansas City led best-of-seven series 1-0)

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the Voice--John Farnham (3rd week at #1)

Personal
This blogger wrote his last exam at the University of Alberta, in U.S. economic history, and achieved the highest mark in the class.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): To Be with You--Mr. Big (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Stormy Weather

Politics and government
The Gwich’in Indians and the Government of Canada signed the Gwich’in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement, giving the Gwich’in title to 22,422 square kilometres of land in the Northwest Territories and 1,554 square km in northeastern Yukon Territory; 6,158 square km of subsurface rights; special hunting and fur harvesting rights in the Mackenzie Delta and Yukon; and a payment of $75 million over 15 years.

Scandal
A. Alfred Taubman, former head of Sotheby’s auction house, was sentenced to a year and a day in prison and fined $7.5 million for leading a price-fixing scheme.

Disasters
206 people were killed and nearly 1,500 injured when an explosion levelled 30 blocks in Guadalajara, Mexico. The blast was later blamed on a ruptured oil pipeline owned by Mexico’s oil company PELEX that had leaked into the city’s sewer system.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup playoffs
Detroit 5 Minnesota 4 (OT)
St. Louis 5 Chicago 4 (2 OT)

20 years ago
1997


World events
A four-month siege of the Japanese embassy in Peru ended when Peruvian troops stormed the building and freed 71 of 72 hostages, while killing all 14 Tupac Amaru rebels, including their leader, Nestor Cerpa Cartolini. Supreme Court judge Carlos Giusti Acuna was the only hostage killed; two Peruvian soldiers were also killed.

Abominations
93 resident of the Algerian village of Haouch Khemisti were massacred in three hours, and then decapitated.

Disasters
Flooding of the Red River in Manitoba led to a state of emergency.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup playoffs
Chicago 6 Colorado 3

Friday, 21 April 2017

April 21, 2017

875 years ago
1142


Died on this date
Pierre Abélard, 62 or 63
. French philosopher and theologian. Mr. Abélard, whose name is usually Anglicized as Peter Abelard, was born Pierre le Pallet. He was the most prominent Roman Catholic theologian of the 12th century, and was also known for his love affair with Héloïse d'Argenteuil. Mr. Abélard was regarded as a heretic by some Church authorities, and was excommunicated by Pope Innocent II in 1141. The sentence was lifted, but Mr. Abélard died of a fever and a skin disorder, possible scurvy.

225 years ago
1792


Died on this date
Tiradentes, 45
. Brazilian rebel. Tiradentes, whose real name was Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, was a leading member of the revolutionary movement Inconfidência Mineira, whose aim was full independence from Portuguese colonial rule and the creation a Brazilian republic. Tiradentes and his co-conspirators were arrested in 1789; after a trial lasting almost three years, 10 members of the movement were sentenced to death, but Queen Maria I of Portugal commuted all the sentences to degradation except for Tiradentes, who was hanged. He's now regarded as a Brazilian hero, and April 21 is a national holiday.

110 years ago
1907


Died on this date
Nat Hicks, 62
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Hicks was a catcher with the Eagle of New York (1866-1869); Eckford of Brooklyn (1870); and Washington Nationals (1870) in the National Association of Base Ball Players. He then played with the New York Mutuals (1872-1873, 1875) and Philadelphia White Stockings (1874) of the National Association, batting .259 in 204 games. He played with the Mutuals (1976) and Cincinnati Red Stockings (1877) of the National League, batting .227 with no home runs and 18 runs batted in in 53 games. Mr. Hicks managed the Mutuals in 1875, leading them to a 30-38 record and 7th place in the NA. He died of accidental gas asphyxiation in a hotel room, two days after his 62nd birthday.

100 years ago
1917


War
Canadian air ace Raymond Collishaw was awarded the Croix de Guerre by French officers who were impressed when he escaped several Germans, mistakenly landed at a German base, then quickly took off and managed to land at a French airfield.

80 years ago
1937


Baseball
Manager Rogers Hornsby hit 2 singles and a home run to lead his St. Louis Browns to a 15-10 win over the Chicago White Sox before an opening day crowd of 7,090 at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis. St. Louis third baseman Harlond Clift batted 5 for 5 with a home run, 2 doubles, 3 runs, and a run batted in, while shortstop Bill Knickerbocker was 4 for 5 with 2 doubles, 3 runs, and 4 RBIs. Winning pitcher Oral Hildebrand pitched a complete game, allowing 17 hits and 10 earned runs. Vern Kennedy started on the mound for Chicago, allowing 14 hits and 11 runs--all earned--in 4 1/3 innings to take the loss. He was relieved by Johnny Rigney, who allowed 8 hits and 4 earned runs in 3 2/3 innings, while drawing a base on balls and scoring a run in his first major league game. Hank Steinbacher also made his major league debut with the White Sox, popping out to Mr. Clift at third base as a pinch hitter in the 9th inning.

75 years ago
1942


War
Supreme Commander of Allied forces in the Pacific theatre General Douglas MacArthur named Major General Richard Sutherland and Brigadier General Richard Marshall of the United States Army as chief and deputy chief, respectively, of the Southwest Pacific Command.

Technology
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered Alien Property Custodian Leo Crowley to seize all enemy-controlled patents, including those ostensibly owned by citizens of the United States, neutral, or allied nations.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Heartaches--Ted Weems and his Orchestra
--Harry James and his Orchestra
2 Anniversary Song--Al Jolson
--Dinah Shore
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Andy Russell
3 Linda--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
4 Guilty--Margaret Whiting
--Johnny Desmond
5 Managua, Nicaragua--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
6 How are Things in Glocca Morra--Dick Haymes
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Buddy Clark
--Martha Tilton
7 I'll Close My Eyes--Andy Russell
--Johnny Desmond
8 (I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons--King Cole Trio
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
9 I Want to Thank Your Folks--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
10 Sonata--Perry Como
--Jo Stafford

The only single entering the chart was Mam'selle, with versions by Art Lund, and Dennis Day (#12).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Lion's Mane

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight`s episode: Eye Witness

Theatre
The New York Drama Critics Circle named All My Sons by Arthur Miller as the Best American Play of the 1946-47 season, with The Iceman Cometh by Eugene O'Neill as runner-up. No Exit by Jean-Paul Sartre was named Best Foreign Play, and Brigadoon was named Best Musical.

Died on this date
Meir Feinstein; Moshe Barazani. Palestinian terrorists. Messrs. Feinstein and Barazani, members of the Jewish organization Irgun Zvai who had been sentenced to death by British authorities for terrorism, committed suicide several hours before their scheduled executions, with explosives smuggled into their cells.

War
U.S. Marines reported the end of last-ditch Japanese resistance on the Pacific island of Pelellu, with the surrender of 33 soldiers.

Politics and government
Teddy Yellow Fly, a Blackfoot from Gleichen, Alberta, became the first Indian to address a parliamentary committee.

Italian Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi agreed to allow separate legislative representation for German-speaking inhabitants of the northern Italian provinces of Trento and Bolzano.

Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King reported that the new federal budget allowed a 10% income tax cut and increased tax exemptions.

In a nationwide radio broadcast, U.S. President Harry Truman said that a tax cut and continued price increases would bring an economic cloudburst. He praised labour for moderation in wage policy, but accused some businesses of unjustified price hikes.

The U.S.A. and U.K. agreed to an increase in coal shipments from the Ruhr and Saar areas to France.

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Three Dreams of Mr. Findlater, starring John Williams, Barbara Baxley, and Isobel Elsom

War
Egyptian press sources reported that an Iraqi force had entered Jordan near Mafraq, 45 miles northeast of Amman.

Defense
Israel rejected United Nations plans to construct a partial barrier on the Gaza Strip frontier.

The U.S. Air Force announced the improvement of its long-range Matador guided missile, enabling it to defy enemy jamming and to "be used over wide expanses of water."

Golf
Gene Littler won the Tournament of Champions in Las Vegas.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Hey! Baby--The La De Das (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)
2 Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
3 Western Union--The Five Americans
4 There's a Kind of Hush/No Milk Today--Herman's Hermits
5 Happy Together--The Turtles
6 Diamonds and Gold--Willie and the Walkers
7 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Mamas and the Papas
8 A Woman in Love--Bobby Scott
9 For What it's Worth--Buffalo Springfield
10 Rovin' Heart--The Lords
Pick hit of the week: On a Carousel--The Hollies
New this week: Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas
The Way I Feel--Gordon Lightfoot
Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
Peggy Sue--Dennis Paul
Buy for Me the Rain--The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band

World events
A few days before the general election in Greece, Colonel George Papadopoulos led a coup d'état, establishing a military regime that lasted for seven years. Constantine Kollias, a civilian, was installed as Prime Minister.

Diplomacy
Svetlana Alliluleva, daughter of the late U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin, arrived in New York after defecting to the United States.

Hockey
CPHL
Adams Cup
Finals
Oklahoma City 1 @ Omaha 0 (Oklahoma City led best-of-seven series 3-1)

40 years ago
1977


Died on this date
Gummo Marx, 84
. U.S. actor and talent agent. Milton Marx was the fourth of the five Marx Brothers, and was part of their vaudeville act until the time of World War I, when he entered the United States Army, and was replaced in the act by his younger brother Zeppo. After the war, Gummo became a successful businessman, and served as an agent representing various people in show business, including his brother Groucho.

Theatre
The musical Annie, based on the comic strip Little Orphan Annie, opened at the Alvin Theatre on Broadway in New York.

Protest
Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto imposed martial law in the country's three major cities in reaction to anti-government violence that had caused 250 deaths since the March 7 elections.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Philadelphia 4 @ Toronto 3 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Boston 4 @ Los Angeles 3 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Baseball
Dave Rozema pitched a 4-hit shutout for his first major league win and Jason Thompson batted 3 for 4 with a home run and 4 runs batted in as the Detroit Tigers blanked the Boston Red Sox 8-0 before 24,903 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

New York Yankees' manager Billy Martin pulled his team's lineup out of a hat, and that lineup defeated the Toronto Blue Jays 8-6 before 10,502 fans at Yankee Stadium. New York first baseman Chris Chambliss, batting eighth, batted 3 for 4 with a 3-run home run, 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 5 runs batted in. Former Yankee Otto Velez was 3 for 4 with a 2-run homer, a double, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in. Alvis Woods, who had hit a home run as a pinch hitter in his first major league plate appearance two weeks earlier, came to bat as a pinch hitter with 1 out in the 9th inning and hit his second major league home run. Ken Holtzman allowed 11 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 7 2/3 innings to get his first win of the season.

30 years ago
1987


Terrorism
Tamil Tigers were blamed after 105 people were killed and 200 wounded when a bomb exploded in the Sri Lankan capital of Colombo.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Toronto 4 @ Detroit 2 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Winnipeg 2 @ Edmonton 3 (OT) (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Baseball
The Chicago White Sox beat the Milwaukee Brewers 7-1 before 17,023 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago, ending the Brewers’ major league record-tying winning streak from the start of the season at 13 games.

Pinch hitter Denny Walling singled home Phil Garner with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to climax a 4-run 9th-inning rally as the Houston Astros edged the Atlanta Braves 7-6 before 14,602 fans at the Astrodome. The Braves led 6-3 going into the bottom of the 9th, but Alan Ashby led off with a home run, followed by 2 outs, before the Astros put together 3 runs on 4 singles and 2 bases on balls.

25 years ago
1992


Died on this date
Robert Alton Harris, 39
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Harris became the first person executed by the state of California in 25 years when he was put to death in the gas chamber at San Quentin State Prison for the July 5, 1978 murder of 16-year-olds John Mayeski and Michael Baker, whose car Mr. Harris and his brother had commandeered.

Space
The first discoveries of extrasolar planets were announced by astronomers Aleksander Wolszczan and Dale Frail, who discovered two planets orbiting the pulsar PSR 1257+12.

World events
Abdul Rahim Hatif, interim President of Afghanistan, announced that he would turn power over to rebels, whose armies had closed in on the capital city of Kabul.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 One Headlight--The Wallflowers (4th week at #1)
2 Falling in Love (Is Hard on the Knees)--Aerosmith
3 Lovefool--The Cardigans
4 You were Meant for Me--Jewel
5 Precious Declaration--Collective Soul
6 Staring at the Sun--U2
7 Dark Horse--Amanda Marshall
8 A Long December--Counting Crows
9 Every Day is a Winding Road--Sheryl Crow
10 Abuse Me--Silverchair

Singles entering the chart were Daylight Fading by Counting Crows (#87); I Love Candy by 54-40 (#88); It Starts in the Heart by Maxi Priest (#89); A Change Will Do You Good by Sheryl Crow (#90); Bitch by Meredith Brooks (#99); and You Win, I Lose by Supertramp (#100).

Torontonia
The Ontario Provincial Parliament passed a bill merging Toronto's six municipalities and the Metro government.

Crime
Three men who had been jailed 18 years earlier for the murder of 13-year-old paper boy Carl Bridgewater were released after the U.K. Court of Appeal ruled their convictions unsafe.

Thursday, 20 April 2017

April 20, 2017

225 years ago
1792


War
France declared war against Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, beginning the French Revolutionary Wars.

110 years ago
1907


Canadiana
Port Arthur and Fort William, Ontario were incorporated as cities.

80 years ago
1937


Baseball
Gee Walker became the only major league player to hit for the cycle on opening day, doing it in reverse order—home run, triple, double, and single—as he led the Detroit Tigers to a 4-3 win over the Cleveland Indians before 38,200 fans at Navin Field in Detroit.

Shanty Hogan’s sacrifice fly in the 8th inning drove in the winning run as the Washington Nationals opened their season with a 3-2 win over the New York Yankees before 45,850 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Bobby Doerr played his first major league game, leading off and playing second base for the Boston Red Sox as they opened the season against the Philadelphia Athletics. He batted 3 for 5 with a run, while making 3 putouts, an assist, and an error as the Red Sox won 11-5 before 11,265 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Winning pitcher Wes Ferrell pitched a 13-hit complete game, while doubling, scoring 2 runs, and batting in a run.

Dizzy Dean gave up 13 hits but still pitched a shutout as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Cincinnati Reds 2-0 in 10 innings before 34,374 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Losing pitcher Peaches Davis gave up doubles by Johnny Mize and Joe Medwick and a single by Leo Durocher in the 10th inning. Jimmy Outlaw made his major league debut leading off and playing third base for the Reds, batting 3 for 5 with a double, while making 1 putout and 7 assists. Teammate Joe Dwyer also made his major league debut, coming to bat as a pinch hitter and flying out to left field for the game's final out.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Jüri Jaakson, 72
. Elder of State of Estonia, 1924-1925. Mr. Jaakson, a banker from Tallinn, was Elder of State from December 1924-December 1925. He was imprisoned by the Soviet secret police NKVD on June 14, 1941, and was executed for "counter-revolutionary activities."

War
Both U.S.S.R. and German forces reported increased ground and aerial fighting along the entire Russian front from Murmansk to Crimea. German forces ordered the evacuation of farms in the entire Sambre et Meuse district of Belgium, and mines were laid at Lausprelle, Gerpinne, Fleurus, Farcienne, and Walcourt against possible invasion. A combined U.K.-Chinese force recaptured the Burmese oil town of Yenangyaung, freeing several thousand British troops. Japanese 240-millimetre guns on Bataan and Cavite shelled Corregidor, Fort Hughes, and Fort Drum in Manila Bay.

Diplomacy
French Prime Minister Pierre Laval pledged in a broadcast from Vichy that he would seek entente and reconciliation with Germany.

Politics and government
The U.S. Republican National Committee adopted an anti-isolation resolution that demanded "the prosecution of an offensive war" until total victory was gained.

Business
Under an executive order from U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the U.S. Navy seized four plants of Brewter Aeronautical Corporation because of "dissatisfaction with the management," which was blamed for the present low rate of production of combat planes.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Christian X, 76
. King of Denmark, 1912-1947; King of Iceland, 1918-1944. Christian X, a member of the House of Glücksburg, succeeded his father Frederick VIII on the throne. He was known as an authoritarian ruler, but was admired by his people during the Nazi occupation of Denmark during World War II, as he daily rode his horse in Copenhagen without a bodyguard. Christian X was succeeded by his son King Frederick IX.

Diplomacy
Former U.S. Vice-President Henry Wallace continuing his European speaking tour in Oslo, said that "it would be unfortunate for world peace" if Russia's current system of government was upset, and denied contentions that "heavy armaments are the road to peace."

Politics and government
Elections for Japan's House of Councilors, the legislative upper house, gave the Social Democrats a plurality of 44 seats, although unaffiliated independents won 96 seats.

State Assembly elections in the British zone of Germany resulted in a victory for the Social Democrats, who gained 173 seats to the opposition Christian Democrats' 144 and the Communists' 36.

The first elections to Sicily's regional legislative assembly gave a substantial plurality to the Communist-Socialist bloc.

Basketball
BAA
Finals
Philadelphia 73 @ Chicago 74 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)

The Warriors outscored the Stags 21-9 in the 4th quarter, but fell just short of completing the series sweep at Chicago Stadium. Max Zaslofsky led Chicago with 20 points, while George Senesky of Philadelphia led all scorers with 24 points, and teammate Joe Fulks added 21.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Cindy, Oh Cindy--Eddie Fisher

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Cindy, Oh Cindy--Margot Eskens (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Cumberland Gap--Lonnie Donegan (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Top 100--1st week at #1); Round and Round--Perry Como (Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1); Butterfly--Charlie Gracie (Jukebox--2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
2 Little Darlin'--The Diamonds
3 Party Doll--Buddy Knox with the Rhythm Orchids
--Steve Lawrence
4 Round and Round--Perry Como
5 Come Go with Me--The Dell-Vikings
6 Butterfly--Andy Williams
--Charlie Gracie
7 Gone--Ferlin Husky
8 Mama Look at Bubu--Harry Belafonte
9 I'm Walkin'--Fats Domino
10 Why Baby Why--Pat Boone

Singles entering the chart were Dark Moon by Gale Storm (#34, charting with the version by Bonnie Guitar); Yes Tonight, Josephine by Johnnie Ray (#37); Wind in the Willow by Ann Reynolds (#38, charting with the version by Jo Stafford); Banana Boat (Day-O) by Stan Freberg (#42); My Love Song by Tommy Sands (#48); Let it Be Me by Jill Corey (#54); Strictly Sentimental by June Valli (#57); and When Rock and Roll Come to Trinidad by Nat "King" Cole (#59). My Love Song was the other side of Ring-A-Ding-A-Ding, charting at #47.

World events
Acting to protest Greek support for Cypriot Archbishop Makarios, the Turkish government closed the Greek-Turkish-Hellenic Union in Ankara and arrested its secretary on espionage charges.

Defense
Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin, in a letter to British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, suggested a U.K.-U.S.S.R. ban on all H-weapon tests, to be negotiated apart from the general disarmament problem.

General Ali Hayari resigned as Jordanian Army Chief of Staff in a dispute with King Hussein, who then designated General Hafiz Majali as the new acting Chief of Staff.

Economics and finance
The U.S. State Department announced that it was "prepared to discuss certain modifications' in the trade embargo on the People's Republic of China "in an effort to meet the views of [U.S.] allies."

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
Dragnet 1967, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Subscription Racket



Space
The U.S. lunar probe Surveyor 3 landed in the Ocean of Storms, three days after launch. The United States launched the satellite ESSA (Environmental Science Services Administration) 5 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

War
U.S. planes bombed the North Vietnamese city of Haiphong for the first time, hitting power plants.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 2 @ Montreal 6 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Henri Richard scored 3 goals and Yvan Cournoyer added 2 for the Canadiens as they beat the Maple Leafs at the Montreal Forum. Rookie Montreal goalie Rogie Vachon won the goaltending duel over veteran Toronto goalie Terry Sawchuk.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA (5th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Portuguese Prime Minister Mario Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares began three days of talks in Washington on Portugal's economic recovery program with U.S. President Jimmy Carter and U.S. congressional leaders.

Energy
U.S. President Carter presented to Congress a broad legislative program including tax increases, rebates, incentives, and price increases, in an attempt to change national patterns of energy use and prevent the shortage of supplies from becoming a "national catastrophe." The overall goals of the plan were to keep the growth in U.S. energy demand under 2% per year; to reduce gasoline demand by 10%; to halve the proportion of imports in U.S. oil supply; to set up a one-billion-barrel strategic oil reserve; to increase coal output by two-thirds; to insulate all new buildings and most existing homes; and to install solar energy systems in 2.5 million houses, all by 1985.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
San Diego 0 @ Winnipeg 3 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Houston 4 @ Edmonton 1 (Houston led best-of-seven series 3-1)

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Boom Boom (Let's Go Back to My Room)--Paul Lekakis (2nd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Division Finals
Quebec 7 Montreal 5 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 1-0)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Telepatiaa--J. Karjalainen (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Pat Creeden, 85
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Creeden was a second baseman who batted 0 for 8 with a base on balls in 5 games with the Boston Red Sox in 1931. They were the only professional games he ever played.

Orval Grove, 72. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Grove played with the Chicago White Sox from 1940-1949, compiling a record of 63-73 with an earned run average of 3.78 in 207 games, and batting .129 with 1 home run and 19 runs batted in. His best season was 1943, when he was 15-9 with a 2.75 ERA. Mr. Grove was demoted to the Sacramento Solons of the Pacific Coast League early in the 1949 season, and played with them through 1952, compiling a record of 40-48.

Benny Hill, 68. U.K. comedian. Mr. Hill, nicknamed “King Leer,” a popular comedian on television in the United Kingdom and around the world from the 1950s through the 1980s, had apparently been dead for several days when his body was discovered in his Teddington, Middlesex flat.

Economics and finance
A meeting of finance ministers and central bankers of the Group of Seven advanced industrial nations in Washington, D.C. produced an agreement that would allow indebted countries to more easily renegotiate their payment schedules.

Baseball
Roberto Alomar doubled home Alfredo Griffin with 2 out in the top of the 13th inning and scored on a single by Joe Carter as the Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Boston Red Sox 6-4 before 34,709 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

The Pittsburgh Pirates erupted for 9 runs in the top of the 9th inning to turn a pitchers' duel into a route as they beat the Montreal Expos 11-1 before 12,351 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

Winning pitcher Greg Maddux hit a long home run to open the scoring as the Chicago Cubs beat the Philadelphia Phillies 8-3 before 23,515 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Truly Madly Deeply--Savage Garden (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Shot The Sheriff--Warren G (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Warum?--Tic Tac Toe (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Warum?--Tic Tac Toe (4th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Chicago 4 Colorado 3 (2 OT)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Andrew Hill, 75
. U.S. musician. Mr. Hill was a jazz pianist who was best known for recordings he made while leading his own band in the 1960s. He died of lung cancer, 22 days after his last performance, at Trinity Church in New York City.

Crime
William Phillips, 60, a handgun-brandishing employee of Jacobs Engineering who worked at Building 44 in NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, killed hostage David Beverly, 62, and held co-worker Fran Crenshaw hostage before fatally shooting himself.