Wednesday, July 29, 2015

July 30, 2015

160 years ago
1855


Adventure
Jean-François Gravelet became the first person to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope.

150 years ago
1865


Died on this date
Etienne-Paschal Taché, 69
. Joint Premier of the Province of Canada, 1855-1857, 1864-1865. Dr. Taché, a physician, was Joint Premier of the Province of Canada for Canada East, with Allan MacNab for Canada West from 1855-1856 and John A. Macdonald from 1856-1857 and 1864-1865. Dr. Taché presided at the Quebec Conference in 1864 and was one of the Fathers of Confederation.

Disasters
The steamboat Brother Jonathan sank off the coast of Crescent City, California, killing 225 of 244 people aboard in the deadliest shipwreck on the Pacific coast of the United States at the time.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Casey Stengel
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Charles Dillon Stengel, who acquired his nickname from the initials of his birthplace of Kansas City, Missouri, was one of the most colourful characters in baseball history. He was an outfielder with the Brooklyn Dodgers/Superbas/Robins (1912-1917); Pittsburgh Pirates (1918-1919); Philadelphia Phillies (1920-1921); New York Giants (1921-1923); and Boston Braves (1924-1925), batting .284 with 60 home runs and 535 runs batted in in 1,277 games. He played in the World Series of 1916, 1922, and 1923, with the highlight probably being the first game of the 1923 World Series, when he hit an inside-the-park home run in the top of the 9th inning to give the Giants a 1-0 win over the New York Yankees in the first World Series game ever played at Yankee Stadium. As a manager, Mr. Stengel acquired the nickname "The Old Perfessor;" he managed the Dodgers (1934-1936) and Boston Bees and Braves (1938-1943) without success, but led the Milwaukee Brewers to the American Association pennant in 1944 and accomplished the same thing with the Oakland Oaks of the Pacific Coast League in 1948. He was then hired to manage the New York Yankees, and led them to 10 pennants and 7 World Series championships in 12 seasons from 1949-1960, including a record 5 straight World Series victories from 1949-1953. Mr. Stengel managed the expansion New York Mets from 1962-1965, but the untalented team posted the worst record in the major leagues every season, and he announced his retirement late in August 1965, a month after breaking his hip in a fall. Mr. Stengel retired with a major league managerial record of 1,905 wins and 1,842 losses in 25 seasons. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966, and died on September 29, 1975 at the age of 85.

75 years ago
1940


War
British Minister of Economic Warfare Hugh Dalton announced that all ships going to the European continent without navicerts would be subject to prize court action.

Diplomacy
Foreign ministers of the American republics at the Pan-American Consultative Conference in Havana signed the final accord dealing with economic and defense cooperation.

Politics and government
Al Smith, the Democratic Party's unsuccessful candidate for President of the United States in 1928, announced that he would support Republican nominee Wendell Willkie against incumbent President and fellow Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt in the November 1940 election.

70 years ago
1945


War
A group of 4,500 soldiers returned to Canada from fighting in Europe, arriving at Quebec City. The United States Navy cruiser USS Indianapolis, which had just delivered key components of the Hiroshima atomic bomb to the Pacific island of Tinian, was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-58. Only 316 out of 1,196 men survived the sinking and shark-infested waters.

Diplomacy
U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairmen Tom Connally (Democrat--Texas) and Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan) disagreed as to whether the President could act alone in appointing the U.S. delegate to the United Nations Security Council.

Politics and government
Chinese Premier T.V. Soong relinquished his post as Foreign Minister and was named vice-chairman of the joint administration office of the four government banks.

Defense
The U.S. Office of Defense Transportation announced that the 1,700 siezed Chicago truck lines would be returned to their owners on August 1, 1945.

Golf
Byron Nelson won the All American Tournament in Chicago.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Les Baxter and his Orchestra; Perez Prado and his Orchestra

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Rose Marie--Slim Whitman (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1); Learnin' the Blues--Frank Sinatra (Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (4th week at #1)
2 Learnin' the Blues--Frank Sinatra
3 Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
--Alan Dale
4 Unchained Melody--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
--Al Hibbler
--Roy Hamilton
5 Something's Gotta Give--The McGuire Sisters
--Sammy Davis, Jr.
6 Ain't That a Shame--Pat Boone
--Fats Domino
7 A Blossom Fell--Nat "King" Cole
8 Hard to Get--Gisele MacKenzie
9 Honey-Babe--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
10 Sweet and Gentle--Alan Dale
--Georgia Gibbs

Singles entering the chart were The Yellow Rose of Texas by Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (#40); The Bible Tells Me So by Don Cornell (#43); Sailor Boys Have Talk to Me in English by Rosemary Clooney (#44); Every Day by Patti Page (#48); and Don't Stay Away Too Long by Eddie Fisher (#49). Every Day was the B-side (or maybe the A-side) of Piddily Patter Patter, charting at #25. Don't Stay Away Too Long was the B-side (or maybe the A-side) of Song of the Dreamer, charting at #37.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 I'm Henry VIII, I Am--Herman's Hermits (5th week at #1)
2 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
3 Down in the Boondocks--Billy Joe Royal
4 Trains and Boats and Planes--Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas
5 What's New Pussycat?--Tom Jones
6 I Like it Like That--The Dave Clark Five
7 Sunshine, Lollipops and Rainbows--Lesley Gore
8 Save Your Heart for Me--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
9 Help!--The Beatles
10 Don't Just Stand There--Patty Duke
Pick hit of the week: California Girls--The Beach Boys
New this week: Heart Full of Soul--The Yardbirds
It's the Only Way to Fly--Jewel Akens
It's the Same Old Song--The Four Tops
Houston--Dean Martin
The World Through a Tear--Neil Sedaka

Space
The United States launched the satellite Pegasus 3, whose mission was to study micrometeroids.

Law
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-0) 21 @ Edmonton (0-1) 14

Dave Raimey, who had spent the 1963 season on Winnipeg's injured list before joining the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League in 1964, finally played his first Canadian Football League game, and returned the opening kickoff 105 yards for a touchdown as the Blue Bombers defeated the Eskimos before 16,123 fans at Clarke Stadium in the first CFL regular season game ever played in July. Jim Thomas rushed for one Edmonton touchdown and John Greiner, playing his first game, scored his only CFL touchdown on a pass from Jon Anabo. Other players making their CFL debuts included Winnipeg linebacker Phil Minnick and Edmonton defensive end Ron Forwick. Including post-season games, the win was the 100th for Bud Grant since becoming head coach of the Blue Bombers in 1957. The win ended a 13-game losing streak for Winnipeg going back to August 1964.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Jimmy Hoffa, 62
. U.S. labour leader. Mr. Hoffa was president of the trucking union International Brotherhood of Teamsters from 1958-1971. He became involved with organized crime and was the subject of a vendetta on the party of U.S. Attorney General Robert F.Kennedy in the early 1960s. Mr. Hoffa was convicted of jury tampering and other charges in 1964 and was imprisoned from 1967-1971, but was released by U.S. President Richard Nixon, with the provision that Mr. Hoffa refrain from union activity until 1980, when his sentence would have ended. Mr. Hoffa, who had spent several years unsuccessfully trying to overturn the restriction on his union activity, was last seen in the back seat of a car leaving the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. on July 30, 1975. He was never seen or heard from again, and was declared legally dead on this date in 1982.

James Blish, 54. U.S. author. Mr. Blish was a fantasy and science fiction writer whose writings included adaptations of episodes of the television series Star Trek.

Diplomacy
A European summit conference opened in Helsinki with leaders from 33 European nations, the United States, and Canada.

Swimming
17-year-old Cindy Nicholas of Toronto set a women's record time for swimming the English Channel in 9 hours and 46 minutes.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-0) 31 @ Hamilton (0-2) 9
British Columbia (0-2) 28 @ Calgary (1-1) 30

Rookie quarterback Condredge Holloway, making his first regular season start, threw 4 touchdown passes to lead the Rough Riders over the Tiger-Cats at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Two of Mr. Holloway's touchdown passes went to tight end Tony Gabriel, who was playing his first game back in Hamilton after four seasons with the Tiger-Cats. Mr. Holloway's other TD passes went to running backs Art Green and John Bledsoe. Andy Hopkins rushed 1 yard for the only Hamilton touchdown in the 4th quarter. It was the first game in a Hamilton uniform for quarterback Jerry Keeling, who had started for the Rough Riders in their season opener a week earlier.

Backup quarterback Karl Douglas completed an 18-yard touchdown pass to Glen Scolnik on the last play of the game to give the Stampeders their win over the Lions before 23,010 fans at McMahon Stadium. Several B.C. players and other observers claimed that Mr. Douglas had crossed the line of scrimmage when he threw the ball. The Stampeders trailed 28-14 midway through the 4th quarter before Cyril McFall kicked a 43-yard field goal with 7:02 remaining and Mr. Douglas, who had replaced starter Joe Pisarcik at 3:15 of the final quarter, connected with Rudy Linterman for a 12-yard TD with 2:23 remaining, followed by an unsuccessful 2-point convert attempt. The Stampeders also scored 2 touchdowns in the last 2:11 of the 2nd quarter on a 1-yard rush by Rick Galbos and a 35-yard pass from Mr. Pisarcik to Tom Forzani. B.C. quarterback Don Moorhead rushed for 3 touchdowns and passed 27 yards to Jim Young in the 1st quarter for the other B.C. TD.

Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates released infielder Paul Popovich, ending his career. In 25 games in 1975, Mr. Popovich was batting .200 with no home runs and 1 run batted in. His last appearance came a week before his release, when he singled as a pinch hitter and scored. Mr. Popovich played with the Chicago Cubs (1964, 1966-1967, 1969-1973); Los Angeles Dodgers (1968-1969); and Pittsburgh Pirates (1974-1975), batting .233 with 14 home runs and 134 runs batted in in 682 games. On June 11,1969, he was part of a three-team trade that saw him go from the Dodgers to the Montreal Expos and promptly from the Expos to the Cubs.

Willie Davis's 3-run home run was the big blow as the St. Louis Cardinals scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning and defeated the New York Mets 5-2 before 14,226 fans--including this blogger and his parents--at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Mets scored both their runs in the 1st inning. St. Louis shortstop Larry Lintz, making his first start and second appearance since being acquired five days earlier in a trade with the Montreal Expos, walked and scored the Cardinals' first run. He also singled and made an error. John Curtis pitched a 10-hit complete game victory, while New York starting and losing pitcher Randy Tate lasted just 1 2/3 innings, allowing 5 hits, 5 bases on balls, and 5 earned runs.

Steve Rogers pitched an 8-hit complete game victory and singled home the game's first run as the Montreal Expos defeated the Chicago Cubs 6-1 before 11,117 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Montreal first baseman Mike Jorgensen batted 3 for 4 with a home run and a double.

Manny Sanguillen batted 5 for 5 with a home run, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Philadelphia Phillies 8-1 before 43,260 fans at Three Rivers Stadium. Jerry Reuss pitched a 9-hit complete game victory.

Johnny Bench batted 3 for 3 with 2 doubles, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the Cincinnati Reds defeated the San Francisco Giants 6-1 before 28,568 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Pat Darcy pitched an 8-hit complete game for the win, ending a major league record streak of 45 games for the Reds without a complete game.

The Houston Astros scored 5 runs in the 6th inning and 3 in the 8th as they defeated the San Diego Padres 8-4 before 7,547 fans at the Astrodome. The first 5 Houston runs scored on a 3-run home run by Jose Cruz and a 2-run homer by Doug Rader. Jose Sosa, making just his third appearance in the major leagues, entered the game as a relief pitcher for Houston in the top of the 8th; in the bottom of the inning, he hit a 3-run homer in his first major league at bat. Mr. Sosa then pitched a scoreless 9th inning to get his first major league save, with Doug Konieczny getting the win.

Doubles by Bobby Bonds and Roy White and a single by Thurman Munson produced 2 runs in the bottom of the 6th inning, enabling the New York Yankees to edge the Detroit Tigers 2-1 before 12,591 fans at Shea Stadium in New York in a game that was completed in 1 hour and 52 minutes. Rudy May pitched a 3-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Mickey Lolich, who pitched a 5-hit complete game.

Johnny Ellis hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 8th inning to break a 1-1 tie and give the Cleveland Indians a 3-1 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 13,998 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Dennis Eckersley pitched a 4-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Mike Cuellar, who also pitched a 4-hitter.

Fred Patek batted 4 for 5 with a double, a run, and 3 runs batted in as the Kansas City Royals defeated the Minnesota Twins 6-4 before 6,906 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Kansas City third baseman George Brett was 3 for 4.

Bert Campaneris hit a home run in the 3rd inning for the game's only run as the Oakland Athletics edged the Texas Rangers 1-0 before 6,631 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum in a game that took just 1 hour and 44 minutes to play. Ken Holtzman allowed 5 hits in 8 1/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Ferguson Jenkins, who also allowed only 5 hits. When Toby Harrah and Tom Grieve singled in the top of the 9th inning, Rollie Fingers relieved Mr. Holtzman and struck out Jeff Burroughs, and Paul Lindblad relived Mr. Fingers and retired Jim Spencer on a ground out to end the game.

The California Angels scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Chicago White Sox 5-4 before 11,095 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Jim Kaat pitched 8+ innings for Chicago, but left after walking Lee Stanton and allowing singles by Tommy Harper and John Balaz to load the bases. Goose Gossage relieved Mr. Kaat and promptly walked Joe Lahoud to force in a run, and pinch hitter John Doherty followed with a single to score Messrs. Harper and Balaz to end the game. Nolan Ryan pitched a complete game to get the win for the Angels, walking 7 batters and striking out 5 as his record for the season improved to 12-11. Mr. Kaat took the loss, dropping to 15-8. For Mr. Doherty, his game-winning hit marked his last appearance in a major league game; he was demoted to the Salt Lake City Gulls of the Pacific Coast League, and remained at the AAA level through the end of his career in 1978.

25 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Ian Gow, 53
. U.K. politician. Mr. Gow, the Member of Parliament for Eastbourne since 1974, former cabinet minister, and close adviser and friend to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, was killed at his home in Hankham, East Sussex, when a bomb blew up his car. Mr. Gow had been a frequent critic of the Irish Republican Army.

World events
At least 200 civilians, and possibly many more, were killed when Liberian government troops stormed a Lutheran church in Monrovia.

Protest
Quebec Superior Court Judge John Gomery denied Mohawks a temporary injunction to remove police roadblocks at the Oka reserve, ruling that the roadblocks were justified because the Mohawks were breaking the law.

Defense
Goose Bay Newfoundland - US announces it will withdraw planes and troops from Canadian Forces Base Goose Bay Labrador by following July; may cost 237 jobs and $25 million in economic benefits; after 48 years on the base.

Economics and finance
In testimony before a U.S. House of Representatives committee, Resolution Trust Corporation Chairman William Seidman and U.S. Treasury Secretary Robert Glauber said that RTC would need up to $100 billion in fiscal 1991 to continue the savings and loan bailout effort. This was twice the amount of money previously allocated for the rescue operation. A slump in real estate values and a higher failure rate among thrift institutions were blamed for the need for more money.

Business
Victor Rice announced that Varity Corporation--formerly Massey-Ferguson--would reincorporate in Buffalo, New York.

Scandal
Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent banned New York Yankees’ owner George Steinbrenner for life from day-to-day operation of the team, and ordered him to resign as the club’s general partner by August 20. The ruling resulted from Mr. Steinbrenner’s payment of $40,000 to known gambler Howie Spira to obtain damaging information about outfielder Dave Winfield. When the announcement was flashed on the Yankee Stadium scoreboard, fans reacted with a 90-second standing ovation.

Baseball
In the game that featured the announcement and ovation for the banishment of New York Yankees' owner George Steinbrenner, the Yankees defeated the Detroit Tigers 6-2 before 24,037 fans at Yankee Stadium. Rookie center fielder Oscar Azocar led the Yankees, batting 3 for 4 with a home run, 3 runs, 2 runs batted in, and a stolen base. Dave LaPoint pitched a 6-hit complete game victory. Cecil Fielder hit his 33rd homer of the season for Detroit.

The Atlanta Braves edged the San Diego Padres 4-3 in 11 innings before 18,076 fans at San Diego-Jack Murphy Stadium despite surrendering Jack Clark’s 300th career major league home run, which had tied the game with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning. Oddibe McDowell led off the top of the 11th with a home run off Calvin Schiraldi for the winning run.

20 years ago
1995


War
Six weeks of peace talks, overseen by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, concluded with an agreement to end fighting between the forces of Russia and the breakaway republic of Chechnya.

Business
Moore Corporation launched a hostile U.S. $1.3-billion takeover bid for high-technology competitor Wallace Computer Services Inc.

Football
CFL
San Antonio (3-3) 36 @ Saskatchewan (0-5) 15

David Archer threw touchdown passes of 75 yards to Myron Wise and 6 yards to Joe Kralik as the Texans built a 29-3 halftime lead and coasted to victory over the Roughriders before 22,215 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Mike Saunders rushed 7 yards for the other San Antonio TD late in the game. Roman Anderson added 3 converts and 5 field goals. Quarterback Warren Jones scored the only Saskatchewan touchdown on a 20-yard rush in the 4th quarter, followed by a 2-point convert pass to Darren Joseph.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Ray Cunningham, 100
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Cunningham was a third baseman and second baseman who played 3 games with the St. Louis Cardinals in 1931 and 11 games in 1932, batting .154 with no home runs and 1 run batted in. An injury to his throwing arm reportedly shortened his major league career. Mr. Cunningham played with various minor league teams from at least 1926-1936.

John Garang, 60. President of Southern Sudan Autonomous Region, 2005. Mr. Garang, an economist of Dinka ethnicity, led the Sudan People's Liberation Army during the Second Sudanese Civil War. He was killed in a helicopter crash just 21 days after taking office, and was succeeded by Salva Kiir Mayardit.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-5) 30 @ Edmonton (5-1) 36

Ricky Ray completed 25 of 36 passes for 369 yards and 5 touchdowns as the Eskimos withstood a determined effort from the Tiger-Cats before 38,018 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Jason Tucker led the Eskimos with 8 receptions for 122 yards and 2 touchdowns, with Mathieu Bertrand, Trevor Gaylor, and Mookie Mitchell scoring the other Edmonton TDs. Danny McManus started at quarterback for Hamilton and threw a touchdown pass to D.J. Flick, and backup quarterback Marcus Brady completed 2 TD passes to former Eskimo Chris Brazzell.

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

July 29, 2015

1,400 years ago
615


Mexicana
K'inich Janaab' Pakal acceded to the throne of the Maya city state of Palenque (in modern southern Mexico) at the age of 12.

450 years ago
1565


Married on this date
The widowed Mary, Queen of Scots married Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Duke of Albany at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh.

130 years ago
1885


Transportation
The Canadian Pacific Railway completed the British Columbia leg from Port Moody to Savona's Ferry.

125 years ago
1890

Died on this date
Vincent Van Gogh, 37
. Dutch artist. Mr. Van Gogh, who epitomized the stereotype of the "mad artist," died in France two days after shooting himself, having sold just one painting in his lifetime.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Francis W. Sargent
. U.S. politician. Mr. Sargent, a Republican, was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts from 1967-1969 and Governor of Massachusetts from 1969-1975. He advocated protection of the environment, no-fault auto insurance, and racial balancing of school districts. He also instituted the weekend furlough program for convicts, which became infamous in the late 1980s when a violent criminal named Willie Horton raped a woman and beat her fiance while on a furlough during the time that Mr. Sargent's successor, Michael Dukakis, was Governor. Mr. Sargent died on October 21, 1998 at the age of 83.

75 years ago
1940


War
Chinese sources admitted that Japanese coastal activity off Fukien and Kwangtung was effectively blockading those regions.

World events
Cairo reported that German agents were attempting to instigate a coup d'etat to dethrone King Mohammed Zahir Shah of Afghanistan.

Diplomacy
Spain and Portugal signed a protocol pledging neutral consultation in case of war threats.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress for authority to call up the National Guard for extensive training. A Gallup Poll reported that 67% of the American people favoured universal military training, a 3% increase in the last month.

Politics and government
Republican Party presidential candidate Wendell Willkie claimed that the 1940 U.S. presidential election would create political realignment centring around acceptance or rejection of President Roosevelt's New Deal economic policies.

70 years ago
1945


Radio
The BBC Light Programme station was launched for mainstream light entertainment and music.

War
Japanese Prime Minister Kantaro Suzuki said that the Imperial government would take no notice of the Potsdam ultimatum warning Japan to surrender, claiming that it was no different from previous Allied statements.

World events
Colonel Osmin Aguirre y Salinas was reportedly being held in El Salvador as the leader of a plot to overthrow the government.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman said that he was opposed to sending the wives and families of U.S. occupation troops to Germany because he didn't want Americans to settle in Europe.

Science
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers Medal was awarded to Dr. William Durand for his work in hydro-dynamic and aerodynamic science, particularly in the area of jet propulsion.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Rose Marie--Slim Whitman

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds (2nd week at #1)

At the movies
Help!, starring the Beatles, received its world premiere screening at the London Pavilion Theatre. Princess Margaret and her husband Lord Snowdon were among those in attendance.

War
The first 4,000 U.S. 101st Airborne Division paratroopers arrived in Vietnam, landing at Cam Ranh Bay.

40 years ago
1975


World events
Nigerian President General Yakubu Gowon was deposed by a bloodless military coup while he was in Uganda, representing Nigeria at a summit meeting of the Organization of African Unity. The deposed leaders were not arrested, but "retired," and included all officers of major-general rank or higher. Almost 8,000 civil servants were also dismissed. The new head of state was Brigadier Murtala Ramat Muhammad, a Muslim from the northern tribe, the Hausa.

Turkish troops took over U.S. military bases in Turkey after the U.S. House of Representatives refused to lift an an arms embargo.

Diplomacy
The Organization of American States lifted its diplomatic and commercial sanctions against Cuba.

Politics and government
The United States Congress overrode President Gerald Ford's veto and enacted a $2-billion health bill.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-0) 24 @ Montreal (1-1) 20
Winnipeg (1-1) 22 @ Edmonton (1-0) 28

Ron Lancaster completed an 85-yard touchdown pass to Rhett Dawson with 1:09 remaining in the game to give the Roughriders their win over the Alouettes before 25,393 fans at Autostade. The touchdown came just 22 seconds after the Alouettes had tied the game on a 27-yard pass from Sonny Wade to Skip Eaman and a 2-point convert pass from Mr. Wade to Peter Dalla Riva. Mr. Lancaster connected with Tom Campana for a touchdown in each of the first 2 quarters; Brian Berg converted both and kicked a 19-yard field goal at 1:15 of the 4th quarter to give Saskatchewan a 17-0 lead. Montreal came back with 2 touchdown passes from Mr. Wade to Mr. Dalla Riva, but were unsuccessful on 2-point convert attempts after both TDs.

Tom Wilkinson completed a 29-yard touchdown pass to Larry Highbaugh with 1:38 remaining to give the Eskimos their win over the Blue Bombers before 23,927 fans at Clarke Stadium. Winnipeg led 21-10 after the 1st quarter and a scoreless 2nd quarter on touchdown rushes of 28 yards by Richard Crump and quarterback Chuck Ealey and a 53-yard pass from Mr. Ealey to Brian Jack on the last play of the quarter. The only Edmonton touchdown of the 1st half came on an 83-yard pass from Mr. Wilkinson to Garry Lefebvre. Mr. Lefebvre's next reception came in the 3rd quarter, a 10-yard gain on which he suffered a broken left leg and suspected ankle and ligament damage. The injury kept him out for the rest of the regular season. The Eskimos began their comeback in the 2nd half with a 39-yard TD pass from Mr. Wilkinson to George McGowan, who picked on rookie Winnipeg defensive back Ray Odums for 123 yards on 7 receptions. Dave Cutler converted all 3 Edmonton touchdowns and added 2 field goals and a single.

Baseball
Ron Fairly drove in 3 runs with a home run and 2 singles as the St. Louis Cardinals beat the New York Mets 5-3 in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 31,431 fans, including this blogger and his parents, at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Lynn McGlothen won the pitching matchup with Tom Seaver. Del Unser batted 4 for 6 with 2 runs and 4 runs batted in as the Mets won the second game 11-6. Tom Hall started on the mound for New York and allowed 8 hits and 3 earned runs in 5 innings, but was still the winning pitcher; he also singled twice for his only hits of the season and scored his only 2 runs of the season. Ron Reed allowed 11 hits and 7 runs--4 earned--in 7 innings to take the loss. Ron Bryant, the third St. Louis pitcher, allowed 1 hit and 1 base on balls, but no runs in 1 1/3 innings in what turned out to be his last game.

Tom Underwood pitched a 4-hit complete game and doubled in 2 runs as the Philadelphia Phillies scored 4 runs in the 4th inning and beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-1 before 33,340 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Willie Randolph made his major league debut, playing the entire game at second base for the Pirates. He singled once in 4 at bats; made 3 putouts and 4 assists; participated in a double play; and made an error.

Blue Moon Odom pitched 8 2/3 innings, allowing 5 hits and 2 earned runs, to get his first National League win as the Atlanta Braves defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers 4-2 before 4,906 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Mr. Odom was relieved by Elias Sosa with the score 4-0 and the bases loaded with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning. Ron Cey doubled in 2 runs, and Mr. Sosa was promptly replaced by Tom House, who retired Steve Yeager to end the game.

Don Money and Darrell Porter hit consecutive home runs to lead off the game and Jim Colborn pitched a 7-hitter as the Milwaukee Brewers blanked the Boston Red Sox 4-0 before 33,506 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. Money also homered in the 3rd inning. Milwaukee center fielder Gorman Thomas struck out in his first 2 at bats to tie the American League record for non-pitchers of 8 consecutive strikeouts; he broke the streak by grounding into a double play in the 6th inning. Losing pitcher Diego Segui, making his first start in more than three years, pitched a complete game, allowing 10 hits and 4 earned runs while striking out 11 batters and walking just 1.

Lee May and Bobby Grich each drove in 3 runs and Mike Torrez pitched a 6-hit complete game victory as the Baltimore Orioles beat the Cleveland Indians 7-1 before 11,717 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Thurman Munson, celebrating the birth of his son, drove in 2 runs as the New York Yankees ended a 27-inning scoring drought and beat the Detroit Tigers 4-2 before 13,410 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Munson ended the Yankees' shutout streak by driving in a run with a ground out in the 1st inning. The run was unearned, set up by an error by Detroit first baseman Jack Pierce, who was on a dubious streak of his own, making an error in his fifth straight game. George Medich pitched 8 2/3 innings, allowing 8 hits and 2 earned runs, to win the pitching matchup with Joe Coleman. It was the first major league game for two Detroit players: right fielder Billy Baldwin played the entire game and singled once in 4 at bats and participated in a double play (catching a line drive by Fred Stanley and throwing to Mr. Pierce to double off Lou Piniella), while Gene Pentz pitched the last 3 innings, allowing no hits or runs, walking 2 batters and striking out 4.

Toby Harrah hit his first career major league grand slam as the Texas Rangers beat the Oakland Athletics 6-1 before 6,522 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Steve Hargan pitched an 8-hit complete game towin the pitching matchup with Jim Perry.

Hal Breeden hit 2 home runs and Jim Cox added another as the Memphis Blues beat the Syracuse Chiefs 5-1 in an International League game.

The Evansville Triplets swept an American Association doubleheader from the Oklahoma City 89ers 10-3 and 8-2. Dennis DeBarr pitched a 6-hitter to win the first game, with home run help from Ed Kurpiel and Bruce Kimm. Ed Glynn pitched a 4-hitter to win the second game, with home run help from Bob Molinaro.

30 years ago
1985


Hockey
NHL
Jacques Lemaire resigned as coach of the Montreal Canadiens after less than two years in the position. He had replaced Bob Berry with 17 games remaining in the 1983-84 season, leading them to a 7-10-0 record in the regular season and a birth in the Prince of Wales Conference finals, their deepest run into the Stanley Cup playoffs in five years. In 1984-85, the Canadiens compiled a record of 41-27-12, finishing first in the Adams Division with 94 points, but were eliminated in the division finals.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): U Can't Touch This/Dancin' Machine--MC Hammer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Verdammt - ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Verdammt - ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Bruno Kreisky, 79
. Chancellor of Austria, 1970-1983. Mr. Kreisky, a Jewish agnostic, was a Socialist and served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the coalition cabinets of Chancellors Julius Raab, Alfons Gorbach, and Josef Klaus from 1959-1966. The Socialists won a plurality of seats in the March 1970 elections, and Mr. Kreisky became Chancellor, becoming more powerful when the Socialists won a majority in the October 1971 elections. Under Mr. Kreisky, sodomy and abortion were decriminalized. Mr. Kreisky resigned after the Socialists lost their absolute majority in the Nationalrat in the April 1983 elections, and he declined to form a minority government.

Personal
This blogger spent the evening in the company of a certain lovely lady in High Park in Toronto.

Baseball
Scott Garrelts of the San Francisco Giants was one out away from a no-hitter when he gave up a single to Paul O’Neill. Mr. Garrelts finished with a 1-hit 4-0 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 55,792 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Losing pitcher Jack Armstrong pitched a complete game, allowing 8 hits and 4 earned runs.

The Boston Red Sox set an American League record with 12 doubles in a 13-3 win over the Detroit Tigers before 28,631 fans at Tiger Stadium. Wade Boggs led the Red Sox with 3 doubles.

The Toronto Blue Jays led the Texas Rangers 9-7 after 4 innings and held on to win 10-8 before 49,853 fans at SkyDome in Toronto to maintain their 1-game lead over the Red Sox atop the American League East Division.

The Milwaukee Brewers scored 3 runs--2 unearned--in the top of the 11th inning and withstood a 2-run rally to defeat the Chicago White Sox 9-8 before 33,353 fans at Comiskey Park. The White Sox made 19 hits, but also made 4 errors.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me--U2 (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Dub-I-Dub--Me & My

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Conquest of Paradise--Vangelis (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): So Good--Boyzone

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Waterfalls--TLC (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Waterfalls--TLC (4th week at #1)
2 One More Chance/Stay with Me--Notorious B.I.G.
3 I Can Love You Like That--All-4-One
4 Don't Take it Personal (Just One of Dem Days)--Monica
5 Someone to Love--Jon B featuring Babyface
6 Run-Around--Blues Traveler
7 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
8 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
9 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men
10 Every Little Thing I Do--Soul for Real

Singles entering the chart were I Wanna B with U by Fun Factory (#68); Warm Summer Daze by Vybe (#70); Sugar Hill by AZ (#76); and Don't Ever Touch Me (Again) by Dionne Farris (#88).

Died on this date
Les Elgart, 77
. U.S. musician. Mr. Elgart was a trumpeter who performed in the bands of Raymond Scott, Charlie Spivak, and Harry James in the 1940s. He and his brotehr Larry, a saxophonist, formed their own band and had success recording albums of "easy listening" music in the 1950s and '60s. Les Elgart died five days before his 78th birthday.

Football
CFL
Toronto (2-3) 10 @ Memphis (3-3) 7 (OT)
Baltimore (4-1) 36 @ Birmingham (3-2) 8

Wayne Lammle's 37-yard field goal with 1 second left in the 2nd half of overtime gave the Argonauts their win over the Mad Dogs before 20,183 fans at Liberty Bowl Stadium in a game without a touchdown, in part because the dimensions of the field were smaller than those of the usual Canadian football field.

Tracy Ham threw 2 touchdown passes to Chris Armstrong and another to Shannon Culver as the Stallions routed the Barracudas before 30,729 fans at Legion Field. The only Birmingham touchdown came on a 28-yard pass from Matt Dunigan to Delius Morris in the 2nd quarter.

10 years ago
2005


Space
The discovery of the dwarf planet Eris was announced. The discovery had been made on January 5, 2005 by astronomers Michael E. Brown, C.A. Trujillo, and D.L. Rabinowitz at the Palomar Observatory in California. Eris is roughly three times the distance from the Sun of Pluto.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-3) 21 @ Saskatchewan (3-3) 16
Calgary (2-3) 27 @ British Columbia (5-0) 40

July 28, 2015

475 years ago
1540

Died on this date
Thomas Cromwell, 55 (?)
. English politician and diplomat. Mr. Cromwell was King Henry VIII’s chief minister from 1532-1540, and was among the strongest supporters of making the king head of the Church of England. Mr. Cromwell supervised the suppression of monasteries, which made him very unpopular with the clergy. He negotiated King Henry’s marriage to Anne of Cleves in order to secure for Henry VIII the support of German Protestants, and when the marriage proved disastrous, Mr. Cromwell’s enemies, notably the Duke of Norfolk, used it as an opportunity to move against him. Mr. Cromwell was imprisoned in the Tower of London on June 10 and was beheaded there. His head was boiled and set upon a spike on London Bridge, facing away from the city.

Married on this date
King Henry VIII of England married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.

140 years ago
1875


Baseball
Joe Borden of the Philadelphia Athletics pitched the only no-hitter in the five-year history of the National Association as the Athletics shut out the Chicago White Stockings 4-0 at Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia.

125 years ago
1890


Canadiana
The first electric street lighting in Trois-Rivières, Quebec began operating.

Baseball
Mickey Welch earned his 300th career major league win as the New York Giants beat the Pittsburgh Alleghenys 4-2 in front of just 147 fans at Recreation Park in Pittsburgh.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Charles H. Townes
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Townes shared the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics with Nicolay Basov and Aleksandr Prokhorov of the U.S.S.R. "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser–laser principle." He died on January 27, 2015 at the age of 99.

80 years ago
1935


Defense
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bomber made its first flight, with Boeing chief test pilot Leslie Tower at the controls.

Baseball
After losing 4-1 in the first game of a doubleheader against the Philadelphia Phillies at Braves Field, the Boston Braves rallied from a 10-5 deficit after 6 1/2 innings with 2 runs in the 7th, 3 in the 8th, and 1 in the 9th to win the second game 11-10. Ben Cantwell pitched the 9th inning for Boston and was credited with the win, improving his record for the season to 3-14.

The New York Giants swept a doubleheader from the Brooklyn Dodgers 6-0 and 1-0. Carl Hubbell and Slick Castleman were the respective winning pitchers over Dutch Leonard and George Earnshaw. Mel Ott’s home run in the 6th inning was the only scoring in the second game.

Ted Lyons tied a record with 2 doubles in an inning as the Chicago White Sox scored 10 runs in the 2nd inning on their way to a 14-6 win over the St. Louis Browns in the first game of a doubleheader at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Browns won the second game 4-3, scoring a run in the bottom of the 8th and 2 in the 9th.

75 years ago
1940


War
German planes intensified their assault on Britain. British sources interpreted this as a prelude to invasion.

Diplomacy
Japanese authorities arrested 11 British subjects on espionage charges.

Politics and government
Germany announced the partition of France into five administrative divisions.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and Afghanistan completed a commercial agreement.

Labour
The U.S. National Small Businessmen's Association asserted that U.S. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins had halted the deportation of about 700 undesirable aliens.

Baseball
Charlie Keller hit 3 home runs and Joe DiMaggio hit 2 as the New York Yankees edged the Chicago White Sox 10-9 in the first game of a doubleheader before 39,537 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Messrs. Keller and DiMaggio twice hit back-to-back homers. Skeeter Webb batted 5 for 6 for the White Sox. The White Sox took the second game 8-4.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers

War
U.S. planes attacked six Japanese cities that had been warned by leaflets dropped the previous night.

Diplomacy
Two days after succeeding Winston Churchill as British Prime Minister, Clement Attlee arrived in Potsdam, Germany to take his place at the Potsdam Conference.

The United States Senate, with only William Langer (Republican--North Dakota) and Henrik Shipstead (Republican--Minnesota) dissenting, voted 89-2 in favour of the United Nations Charter.

Politics and government
Dr. Jose Luis Bustaments Rivero took office as President of Peru.

The Communist Party U.S.A. formally deposed chairman and general secretary Earl Browder and named William Z. Foster as the new party leader.

World events
An Egyptian military court sentenced Mahmud Issawy to hang for the assassination of former Prime Minister Ahmed Meher Pasha.

Disasters
A U.S. Army B-25 bomber crashed into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building in New York City, killing 14 and injuring 26.

60 years ago
1955


Politics and government
Montreal brewery executive Hartland Molson was appointed to the Canadian Senate by Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent. Mr. Molson was an independent Senator who represented Alma, Quebec.

War
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announced that he was increasing the number of American troops in South Vietnam from 75,000-125,000.

Politics and government
Pierre Harmel succeeded Theodore Lefevre as Prime Minister of Belgium, leading a coalition of Socialists and Christian Democrats.

Diplomacy
Arthur Goldberg was named to succeed the late Adlai Stevenson as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations; Mr. Stevenson had died in London on July 14.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Nat Pierce, 62
. U.S. football player. Mr. Pierce played left guard with Fordham University from 1934-1936 as one of the linemen who became nationally famous as "Seven Blocks of Granite." The right guard was future coaching legend Vince Lombardi, and the center was Alex Wojciehowicz, who ended up in the Professional Football Hall of Fame. After his playing career with Fordham ended, Mr. Pierce coache high school football and served as Fordham's line coach before working as sales manager for a sporting goods firm on Long Island in New York.

Diplomacy
The Organization of African Unity began its 12th annual summit meeting in the Ugandan capital of Kampala.

Baseball
The New York Mets purchased pitcher Skip Lockwood from the Tucson Toros--the Pacific Coast League affiliate of the Oakland Athletics--and assigned him to the Tidewater Tides of the International League. In 30 games with Tucson in 1975, Mr. Lockwood had a record of 6-2 with an earned run average of 4.39, 10 saves, and 2 shutouts.

Dan Driessen hit a 3-run in the bottom of the 1st inning to give the Cincinnati Reds a 3-0 lead as they went on to defeat the San Francisco Giants 8-4 before 28,044 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. The Reds set a major league record of 44 consecutive games without a complete game, as starting pitcher Gary Nolan was pulled after allowing 7 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 2 2/3 innings. He was relieved by Pedro Borbon, who allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 5 innings to get the win.

The New York Mets led 10-1 after 5 1/2 innings and held on to beat the St. Louis Cardinals 11-7 before 19,406 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. New York second baseman Felix Millan batted 4 for 6 with 2 doubles, 3 runs, and 3 runs batted in. St. Louis third baseman Ken Reitz was 4 for 4 with a double, home run, 2 runs, and 2 RBIs. Willie Davis and Ted Simmons each had 3 hits for St. Louis. Jon Matlack started on the mound for New York and allowed 10 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 5 2/3 innings, but was still the winning pitcher. Bob Apodaca allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 3 1/3 innings but still got the save, and batted 2 for 2 with a run. Bob Forsch started on the mound for St. Louis and allowed 9 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 5 innings to take the loss. Ron Bryant allowed 4 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 5 runs--4 earned--in 1 inning of relief. Mr. Simmons allowed 3 passed balls.

Dave Freisleben pitched a 5-hitter and drove in the winning run with a force out in the 5th inning as the San Diego Padres shut out the Houston Astros 2-0 before 6,826 fans at the Astrodome. Losing pitcher Larry Dierker allowed just 5 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings. Willie McCovey hit a home run off relief pitcher Wayne Granger in the 9th inning for the other run.

Carlton Fisk batted 4 for 4 with 2 home runs and 5 runs batted in, and singled in the winning run with the bases loaded and 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning as the Boston Red Sox edged the Milwaukee Brewers 7-6 before 33,606 fans at Fenway Park in Boston in the NBC Monday Night Baseball telecast.

The Baltimore Orioles scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to tie the game, but Charlie Spikes, who had hit a solo home run in the 3rd inning, singled in 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to give the Cleveland Indians a 7-5 win before 15,300 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Vern Ruhle pitched a 6-hit shutout as the Detroit Tigers blanked the New York Yankees 3-0 before 11,244 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Detroit designated hitter Willie Horton batted 3 for 4, and his home run leading off the 2nd inning provided the winning run. The shutout was the third straight against the Yankees, all at home. The win was the last for the Tigers until August 16, as they embarked on a 19-game losing streak.

Lyman Bostock batted 4 for 6 with 2 doubles and singled with the bases loaded and 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Minnesota Twins a 9-8 win over the Kansas City Royals before 6,829 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Minnesota right fielder Jerry Terrell singled 4 times in 5 at bats and drove in 2 runs. Kansas City first baseman John Mayberry drove in 3 runs with 2 doubles and a single. Ray Corbin started on the mound for Minnesota and allowed 8 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 3+ innings in the last game of his 5-year major league career. Bone chips in his right elbow ended his season, and he never played in the majors again, playing just 2 games with the Orlando Twins of the Class AA Southern League in 1976.

The Oakland Athletics scored 5 runs in the 6th inning, 2 in the 7th, and 3 in the 8th to beat the Texas Rangers 12-6 before 39,061 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Reggie Jackson hit a double and home run for Oakland, scoring 3 runs and driving in 2. Paul Lindblad pitched 4 innings in relief of Oakland starting pitcher Glenn Abbott and was credited with the win, improving his 1975 record to 8-0.

The Tulsa Oilers and Omaha Royals combined for 32 hits and 29 runs as the Oilers won 15-14 in an American Association game. John Tamargo hit 2 home runs for Tulsa, while Keith Hernandez homered and tripled and Jerry Mumphrey added a grand slam and a single. Ruppert Jones and Craig Perkins homered for Omaha. The Oilers scored 9 runs in the 7th inning.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): 19--Paul Hardcastle (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Live is Life--Opus (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: 19--Paul Hardcastle (7th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Calgary (0-3) 12 @ Ottawa (2-1) 14

The Rough Riders made 5 interceptions off Calgary quarterback Joe Barnes to secure the win before 20,153 bored fans at Lansdowne Park. Dean Dorsey kicked 3 field goals and added 2 singles for the Rough Riders, while Ken Clark punted for 3 singles. The Stampeders scored the game’s only touchdown on a 51-yard pass from Mr. Barnes to Dwight Edwards early in the 2nd quarter. J.T. Hay converted and added a field goal and 2 singles, the last of which came on a missed 43-yard field goal attempt that would have tied the game in the last minute if it had succeeded.

Baseball
Lou Brock, Enos Slaughter‚ Arky Vaughan‚ and Hoyt Wilhelm were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown‚ New York.

Darrell Evans hit his 300th career major league home run as the Detroit Tigers edged the Minnesota Twins 3-2 before 37,146 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Winning pitcher Frank Tanana allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 7+ innings, striking out 7. Ken Schrom allowed 8 hits and 3 earned runs in pitching a complete game to take the loss.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): U Can't Touch This--MC Hammer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un' Estate Italiana--Edoardo Bennato; Gianna Nannini (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Infinity--Guru Josh (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Still Got the Blues--Gary Moore (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Maldòn--Zouk Machine (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Dirty Cash (Money Talks)--The Adventures of Stevie V (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Turtle Power--Partners in Kryme

Turtle Power was from the movie Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1990).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): She Ain't Worth It--Glenn Medeiros featuring Bobby Brown (2nd week at #1)

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 She Ain’t Worth It--Glenn Medeiros, featuring Bobby Brown
2 Enjoy the Silence--Depeche Mode
3 Hold On--En Vogue
4 Cradle of Love--Billy Idol
5 Rub You the Right Way--Johnny Gill
6 Vision of Love--Mariah Carey
7 Girls Nite Out--Tyler Collins
8 When I’m Back on My Feet Again--Michael Bolton
9 The Power--Snap!
10 I’ll Be Your Shelter--Taylor Dayne

Singles entering the chart were Can't Get Enough by Winger (#56); Tic-Tac-Toe by Kyper (#60); That's Not Her Style by Billy Joel (#61); Hearts in Trouble by Chicago (#65); Banned in the U.S.A. by Luke featuring 2 Live Crew (#67); Same Old Look by Jimmy Ryser (#70); Time for Letting Go by Jude Cole (#74); All the Way by Calloway (#78); and Dirty Cash (Money Talks) by the Adventures of Stevie V (#80).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Step by Step--New Kids on the Block (2nd week at #1)
2 I’ll Be Your Shelter--Taylor Dayne
3 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
4 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
5 When I'm Back on My Feet Again--Michael Bolton
6 She Ain't Pretty--Northern Pikes
7 Across the River--Bruce Hornsby
8 I Think I Love You Too Much--The Jeff Healey Band
9 Cradle of Live--Billy Idol
10 Every Little Thing--Jeff Lynne

Singles entering the chart were That's Life by Sue Medley (#55); Can't Stop Fallin' Into Love by Cheap Trick (#59); Good Clean Fun by the Allman Brothers Band (#69); Brickyard Road by Johnny Van Zandt (#76); Policy of Truth by Depeche Mode (#79); I am a Wild Party by Kim Mitchell (#81); Tonight by New Kids on the Block (#82); and Time for Letting Go by Jude Cole (#84).

Died on this date
Jill Esmond, 82
. U.K. actress. Miss Esmond, born Jill Esmond Moore, was primarily a stage actress who also appeared in films such as The Skin Game (1931); Thirteen Women (1932); Random Harvest (1942); and The White Cliffs of Dover (1944). She was married to actor Laurence Olivier from 1930-1940.

World events
Negotiations began to resolve the seizure of Trinidad and Tobago’s parliament building in Port of Spain the previous day by Negro Muslim rebels, which had resulted in Prime Minister Arthur Robinson and other cabinet ministers and government officials being held hostage, and Mr. Robinson getting shot in the leg.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-2) 41 @ Hamilton (1-2) 29

Don Moen returned a fumble 3 yards for one touchdown and Chris Gaines returned an interception 17 yards for another as the Argos took advantage of 9 Tiger-Cat turnovers. Toronto quarterback Matt Dunigan completed 26 of 40 passes for 381 yards and 2 touchdowns. Wally Zatylny led the Tiger-Cats with 5 punt returns for 100 yards and 4 kickoff returns for 185, including a 93-yard kickoff return for a touchdown. This blogger and a certain lovely lady were among the 20,387 in attendance on a beautiful summer night at Ivor Wynne Stadium. We caught a midnight bus back to Toronto, and we were the only passengers on the bus--and, loving it.

Baseball
Shawon Dunston tied a major league record with 3 triples and drove in 5 runs to lead the Chicago Cubs to a 10-7 win over the Montreal Expos before 24,808 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

The Detroit Tigers, trailing 9-5, erupted for 10 runs in the bottom of the 6th inning as they defeated the Boston Red Sox 17-9 before 39,727 fans at Tiger Stadium. Detroit left fielder Larry Sheets drove in 6 runs with a triple and home run. Frank Tanana started on the mound for Detroit but lasted just 1/3 inning, allowing 4 hits, a base on balls, and 5 runs--all earned.

Cal Ripken, Jr.’s record for consecutive errorless games at shortstop ended at 95 games as his Baltimore Orioles lost 10-9 to the Kansas City Royals in the first game of a doubleheader before 35,592 fans at Royals Stadium. The Orioles won the second game 3-1.

20 years ago
1995


Crime
A circuit court jury in Union, South Carolina sentenced Susan Smith to life in prison for the November 1994 drownings of her two young sons, who were locked in her car while she allowed it to roll into a lake. The jury had convicted Mrs. Smith on July 22 of two counts of first-degree murder, which was a death penalty offense in South Carolina, but as is so often the case, women are almost never held responsible for their crimes, and she received a prison sentence instead, with eligibility for parole in 30 years.

Politics and government
The United States Senate voted 98-0 to bar Senators and members of their staffs from accepting vacation trips and other expensive gifts, other than from close friends and relatives. Under the new rules, a Senator could accept no more than $100 in gifts from a single source in a year, excepting only any gifts valued at under $10. Any gift from a close friend or family member valued at more than $250 was subject to approval by the Senate Ethics Committee.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product had grown at an annual rate of 0.5% in the second quarter of 1995, the lowest quarterly increase since 1991.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (4-1) 26 @ Hamilton (2-3) 18
Shreveport (1-5) 19 @ Calgary (5-0) 27

Sean Fleming kicked 4 field goals and 2 converts as the Eskimos defeated the Tiger-Cats before 20,104 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Lucius Floyd scored the first Edmonton touchdown in the 1st quarter on a 10-yard pass from holder Glenn Harper on a fake field goal attempt. Michael Soles rushed 1 yard for the other Edmonton TD. Eric Carter returned an interception 102 yards for the first Hamilton touchdown in the 1st quarter, and Steve Taylor connected with Earl Winfield for a 5-yard TD in the 3rd quarter.

Doug Flutie passed to Dave Sapunjis and Vince Danielsen for touchdowns and handed off to Tony Stewart for another TD--all in the 2nd quarter--as the Stampeders defeated the Pirates before 21,098 fans at McMahon Stadium. The Pirates' only touchdown also came in the 2nd quarter on a 50-yard pass from Billy Joe Tolliver to Fred Montgomery.

10 years ago
2005


World events
The Irish Republican Army announced that it was renouncing the use of violence against British rule in Northern Ireland and that it would disarm.

Football
CFL
Toronto (3-2) 36 @ Montreal (2-3) 24

Monday, July 27, 2015

July 27, 2015

150 years ago
1865


Died on this date
Augustin-Norbert Morin, 61
. Joint Premier of the Province of Canada, 1851-1855. Mr. Morin was a lawyer and judge who served as Joint Premier of Canada from Canada East, with his Canada West counterparts being Francis Hincks (1851-1854) and Allan MacNab (1854-1855).

South Americana
Welsh settlers arrived at Chubut in Argentina.

130 years ago
1885


Baseball
John Clarkson of the Chicago White Stockings pitched a no-hitter in a 6-0 win over the Providence Grays at West Side Park in Chicago.

125 years ago
1890

Baseball

In the American Association, the Brooklyn Gladiators were leading the Columbus Buckeyes 13-8 in the 8th inning at Long Island Park when they ran out of baseballs and were forced to forfeit the game.

80 years ago
1935


Baseball
The Philadelphia Athletics defeated former teammate Lefty Grove and the Boston Red Sox 7-6 in 15 innings in the first game of a doubleheader at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Mr. Grove pitched a complete game, allowing 21 hits and 7 runs--5 earned--in 14 2/3 innings. Wes Ferrell pitched a 3-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Johnny Marcum as the Red Sox won the second game 2-0 in a game that was played in 1 hour 45 minutes.

The Chicago Cubs swept a doubleheader from the Cincinnati Reds 9-8 and 12-1 at Wrigley Field in Chicago, outhitting the Reds 20-5 in the second game.

Curt Davis pitched an 8-hit shutout as the Philadelphia Phillies blanked the Boston Braves 5-0 at Braves Field in a game that was played in 1 hour 38 minutes. Losing pitcher Ben Cantwell allowed 7 hits and 5 runs--4 earned--in 7 innings to drop to 2-14 for the season.

75 years ago
1940


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Never Smile Again--Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra (vocal refrain by Frank Sinatra and the Pied Pipers)

This marked the introduction of Billboard's 10-position "National List of Best Selling Retail Records."

At the movies
The cartoon A Wild Hare, featuring the first appearance of Bugs Bunny, was released. Bugs was being hunted by Elmer Fudd.

War
Japanese naval forces seized the Chinese coastal city of Honghai.

Diplomacy
Delegates to the Pan-American Consultative Conference in Havana reached agreement on colonies, trade, and fifth column activities. A Declaration of Havana, to take effect upon ratification by two-thirds of the American Republics, barred direct or indirect transfer of sovereignty of territory in the hemisphere from one non-American power to another. An attempt to do so would result in an inter-American trusteeship over the affected territory.

Politics and government
The India Congress Party, meeting in Poona, ratified the Working Committee resolutions declaring that it was unable to extend the principle of non-violence to the defense of India at this time, and pledging cooperation in the Allied war effort if a provisional national government were to be established as a first step toward independence.

Health
The Chemical Marketing Company in New York announced that it would produce synthetic dental fillings to replace gold and mercury amalgams.

70 years ago
1945


At the movies
The Woman in Green, starring Basil Rathbone, Nigel Bruce, and Henry Daniell, opened in theatres.

War
Chinese troops reported the capture of a Japanese supply base at Pinglo and the recapture of a former U.S. air base near Kweilin, both in the province of Kwangsi.

Politics and government
British Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that he would concurrently hold the posts of First Lord of the Treasury and Minister of Labour in his new cabinet, and named Ernest Bevin as Foreign Secretary.

The Florida Supreme Court upheld a lower court decision that Negroes may vote in Democratic Party primaries in the state.

At the U.S. Communist Political Association convention in New York City, delegates voted to reorganize the Communist Party and warned Chairman and General Secretary Earl Browder that he would be expelled if he tried to split the party.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Internal Revenue Service said that government income from taxes in the 1945 fiscal year reached a new high of $43.8 billion.

60 years ago
1955


Politics and government
The Austrian State Treaty, ending the post-World War II Allied occupation of Austria, went into effect.

50 years ago
1965


Theatre
The musical Anne of Green Gables, based on the novel by Lucy Maud Montgomery, received its premiere performance at the Charlottetown Festival.

Politics and government
Edward Heath was elected leader of Britain's Conservative Party, receiving 150 votes to 133 for former Chancellor of the Exchequer Reginald Maudling and 15 for Enoch Powell.

Diplomacy
The 17-nation Disarmament Committee reconvened in Geneva for the first time since September 1964.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Fred Sherry, 86
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Sherry, born Fred Schuerholz, played in 10 games with the Washington Nationals in 1910, compiling a record of 0-4 with an earned run average of 4.30. He spent at least 8 seasons in the minor leagues from 1910-1917.

Weather
This and the following day were the hottest that this blogger, on vacation with his parents in Wisconsin and Iowa, have ever experienced. I don't know what the temperature was, but I think it must have been over 100 F. In St. Louis, not far from us, the heat forced home plate umpire Shag Crawford to leave the game between the Cardinals and Philadelphia Phillies after 5 innings.

Football
WFL
Pre-season
Philadelphia (1-1) 30 @ Portland (0-2) 21

Baseball
The New York Mets released outfielder Cleon Jones. Mr. Jones, who was in his 12th season with the Mets, was batting .240 in 21 games with no home runs and 2 runs batted in. He had been injured during spring training and was rehabilitating a knee injury in Florida when he was arrested on May 4 after being found naked and asleep in a van with a young female companion. The charges were eventually dropped, but Mr. Jones and his wife endured an embarrassing press conference. He last played on July 18 when he made an out as a pinch hitter in the 7th inning of a home game against the Atlanta Braves and defied New York manager Yogi Berra, who told him to go to left field for the 8th inning. The two engaged in a shouting match in the dugout, and Mr. Jones flung his glove down, puled towels off the rack, stormed to the clubhouse, and left before the game was over. Mr. Berra demanded that Mr. Jones be suspended, but the suspension didn't come until four days later. Mr. Jones eventually apologized to Mr. Berra, but was released after he (Mr. Jones) vetoed a possible trade with the California Angels.

Ken Brett allowed 3 hits and 1 unearned run in 6 2/3 innings while hitting 2 singles and driving in a run as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Montreal Expos 4-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 27,961 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Willie Stargell hit a 3-run home run to climax a 4-run 8th inning as the Pirates came from behind to win the second game 5-3 to complete the sweep.

Bill Madlock, who had batted 6 for 6 the previous day, was 2 for 4 with 2 home runs and 3 runs batted in as the Chicago Cubs beat the New York Mets 4-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 29,774 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Mr. Madlock was 2 for 5 with a double in the second game, but the Mets scored 3 runs in the top of the 10th inning to win 4-1.

Steve Yeager batted 4 for 4 with a home run and a double to lead the Los Angeles Dodgers over the Cincinnati Reds 5-3 before 50,609 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

Every man in the St. Louis Cardinals' starting lineup had at least 1 hit as the Cardinals defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 9-6 before 22,046 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. John Denny started on the mound for the Cardinals and singled in 2 runs in the 2nd inning, but was pulled from the game after allowing hits to the first two Philadelphia batters in the 4th. Bob Gibson relieved him and allowed just 3 hits and no runs in 4 innings to get his first win in relief since 1964. The win was the 251st and last of Mr. Gibson's Hall of Fame major league career. Home plate umpire Shag Crawford left the game after 5 innings because of heat exhaustion.

The Boston Red Sox swept a doubleheader from the New York Yankees 1-0 and 6-0 before 53,361 fans at Shea Stadium in New York, marking the first time since 1958 that the Yankees had been shut out in a doubleheader. Bill Lee pitched a 6-hitter in the first game to win the pitchers' duel over Catfish Hunter, who allowed just 3 hits and an unearned run, which came in the 9th inning when Rick Miller singled home Fred Lynn, who had reached first base on an error by New York shortstop Jim Mason and then stolen second as Jim Rice struck out. Roger Moret pitched a 6-hitter too win the second game, while Tippy Martinez, making his first major league start, allowed 7 hits and 5 runs--4 earned--in 3 1/3 innings in taking the loss.

Jack Pierce batted 3 for 4 with a double, home run, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in as the Detroit Tigers edged the Cleveland Indians 8-7 in the first game of a doubleheader before 30,850 fans at Tiger Stadium. Mr. Pierce batted 2 for 4 with a homer, run, and 2 RBIs in the second game, but the Indians won 7-2. Mr. Pierce, the Detroit first baseman, made an error in each game, and his error in the second game led to 4 unearned runs.

The Baltimore Orioles swept a doubleheader from the Milwaukee Brewers 7-4 and 11-6 in 10 innings before 26,705 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Bobby Grich batted 4 for 5 with a home run, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in in the first game, while Lee May and Don Baylor each added 3 hits. The Brewers led 6-0 after 8 innings in the second game but completely collapsed, allowing the Orioles to score 6 runs--all with none out--to tie the game in the 9th inning, with the last 3 runs coming on a home run by Al Bumbry. In the 10th, the Orioles scored 5 runs--all with 2 out--with Tommy Davis's grand slam the big blow. The results led Milwaukee front office management to become increasingly disenchanted with manager Del Crandall.

Reggie Jackson and Joe Rudi hit home runs in each game as the Oakland Athletics swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox 10-1 and 7-1 before 21,254 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Vida Blue pitched an 8-hit complete game to win the opener, while Stan Bahnsen also pitched an 8-hit complete game to defeat his former team in the second game.

Jerry Turner, hitless in his previous 8 at bats, singled with the bases loaded in the bottom of the 16th inning to give the Hawaii Islanders a 6-5 win over the Spokane Indians in a Pacific Coast League game at Honolulu Stadium. Larry Hardy, who pitched the final inning for Hawaii, was the winning pitcher. Mr. Hardy was preceded by Frank Linzy, who pitched 5 scoreless innings. Dave Moharter pitched 8 2/3 scoreless innings of relief for Spokane before being relieved after the 15th inning. Lew Beasley hit a 2-run home run in the 9th inning to tie the game for Spokane. Tommy Cruz also homered for the Indians.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): A View to a Kill--Duran Duran (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I'm on Fire--Bruce Springsteen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Axel F--Harold Faltermeyer

#1 single in the U.K.: There Must Be an Angel (Playing with My Heart)--Eurythmics

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Everytime You Go Away--Paul Young

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Everytime You Go Away--Paul Young
2 Raspberry Beret--Prince and the Revolution
3 Shout--Tears for Fears
4 You Give Good Love--Whitney Houston
5 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
6 Would I Lie to You?--Eurythmics
7 If You Love Somebody Set Them Free--Sting
8 Voices Carry--’Til Tuesday
9 Glory Days--Bruce Springsteen
10 Sussudio--Phil Collins

Singles entering the chart were Freedom by Wham! (#46); Pop Life by Prince and the Revolution (#54); No Lookin' Back by Michael McDonald (#73); You Look Marvelous by Billy Crystal (#77); Do You Want Crying by Katrina and the Waves (#80); Spanish Eddie by Laura Branigan (#82); Take on Me by A-Ha (#85); Cry by Godley & Creme (#86); Love Resurrection by Alison Moyet (#89); and Black Kisses (Never Make You Blue) by Curtie and the Boombox (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Never Surrender--Corey Hart (4th week at #1)
2 Everytime You Go Away--Paul Young
3 19--Paul Hardcastle
4 Axel F--Harold Faltermeyer
5 Walking On Sunshine--Katrina and the Waves
6 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
7 If You Love Somebody Set Them Free--Sting
8 Never Ending Story--Limahl
9 The Goonies 'R' Good Enough--Cyndi Lauper
10 You Spin Me Around (Like a Record)--Dead or Alive

Singles entering the chart were Mystery Lady by Billy Ocean (#91); Freedom by Wham! (#94); Spanish Eddie by Laura Branigan (#95); and State of the Heart by Rick Springfield (#97).

Died on this date
Smoky Joe Wood, 95
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Wood, born Howard Ellsworth Wood, acquired his nickname for his blazing fastball. He was a pitcher and then an outfielder with the Boston Red Sox (1908-1915) and Cleveland Indians (1917-1922). Mr. Wood compiled a major league pitching record of 117-57 with an earned run average of 2.03; his best season was 1912, when he went 34-5 in helping the Red Sox to win the World Series. He broke his thumb in spring training in 1913 and came back to soon, injuring his arm, and eventually shortening his pitching career. In 1915 Mr. Wood was 14-5 and pitched enough innings to lead the American League with a 1.49 ERA as the Red Sox won the World Series. After sitting out the 1916 season, he joined the Indians, playing almost entirely in the outfield after 1917. He was a member of the World Series championship team in 1920, and retired after batting .297 with 8 home runs and 92 RBIs in 1922. Mr. Wood finished his major league career with a batting average of .283 with 24 home runs and 325 runs batted in in 695 games.

Track and field
Steve Cram of the United Kingdom broke countryman Sebastian Coe’s 1981 world record in the mile when he was timed in 3 minutes 46.3 seconds, nearly a second faster, at the Grand Prix meet at Bislett Stadium in Oslo.

Football
CFL
The Toronto Argonauts placed quarterback Condredge Holloway on the 60-day injured list, two days after tearing knee ligaments in his team’s 35-10 win over the Hamilton Tiger-Cats.

Montreal (3-1) 15 @ British Columbia (4-0) 28

Keyvan Jenkins rushed 24 times for 133 yards and 3 touchdowns and Roy Dewalt passed for 285 yards and a touchdown to Ron Robinson to lead the Lions to victory before 48,281 at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Montreal quarterback Turner Gill passed 3 yards to Nick Arakgi for the Concordes’ first score just 2:22 into the game, and Rich Thomaselli rushed 5 yards for the Concordes’ last major with 37 seconds left in the 2nd quarter.

25 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Bobby Day, 60
. U.S. musician. Mr. Day, born Robert Byrd, was a pianist and singer who was a member of the Hollywood Flames, but was best known for his solo singles Little Bitty Pretty One (1957) and Rockin' Robin/Over and Over (1958). Rockin' Robin reached #2 on the Billboard pop chart, while both sides of the single reached #1 on the rhythm and blues chart. Mr. Day died of cancer.

World events
A group of Negro Muslim rebels known as Jamat el Muslimeen, complaining that the government had impoverished the country, seized the parliament building in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, and took Prime Minister Arthur Robinson and other cabinet members and officials hostage. Mr. Robinson was shot in the leg.

Politics and government
The Supreme Soviet of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic declared the independence of Belarus from the U.S.S.R.

Protest
On the 18th day of the standoff between Quebec provincial police and Mohawk Warrior militants at the Kanesatake reserve near Oka, Quebec, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney made his first public statement on the situation, declaring that "native peoples over decades and centuries have not been well-treated by Canada and Canadians. I believe we have a lot of work to do in that area." His government of Canada announced that it had purchased some of the disputed land from a private citizen and was negotiating with the village of Oka to purchase much of the rest. The government of Quebec offered to remove most of its force and to allow Mohawk participation in the investigation of the July 11 shooting of a Surete du Quebec officer--but only if the Warriors would agree to turn in their weapons and dismantle the barricades they had set up. Mohawk leaders rejected the proposal because it did not include a guarantee of amnesty for natives who had defended the blockade.

Oil
Oil ministers of the OPEC nations, meeting in Geneva, agreed to an increase in the price of oil per barrel from $18 U.S. to $21 U.S. Iraq had demanded a greater increase.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had slowed to a 1.2% annual growth rate during the second quarter of 1990, a signal to some economists that the country was moving toward recession.

Football
CFL
Calgary (2-0-1) 54 @ Saskatchewan (1-2) 16
Winnipeg (2-1) 23 @ British Columbia (1-1-1) 24

Danny Barrett completed 18 of 26 passes for 319 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Stampeders to victory before 26,731 fans at Taylor Field in Regina, who had been soaked in a pre-game storm. Saskatchewan quarterbacks Kent Austin and Jeff Bentrim combined to throw 5 interceptions.

A mistake on the scoreboard contributed to the Lions’ win in front of 34,622 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. The Blue Bombers were trailing 21-9 in the fourth quarter when backup quarterback Danny McManus competed a 73-yard touchdown pass to Eric Streater with 2:16 remaining. Trevor Kennerd’s convert made the score 21-16. Mr. Kennerd’s kickoff went through the B.C. end zone without being touched; according to the rule, referee Jacques Decarie awarded no single point and placed the ball on the Lions’ 25-yard line. However, a point was mistakenly put up on the scoreboard, which now showed the Lions leading 21-17. The Blue Bombers quickly got the ball back, and Mr. McManus completed a 16-yard touchdown pass to Rick House. Mr. Kennerd converted, and the scoreboard showed Winnipeg ahead 24-21. Winnipeg head coach Mike Riley asked the field judge if the scoreboard was correct, and field judge said yes. Mr. Riley asked the same of the line judge and was told no. With 46 seconds remaining and the Lions in possession of the ball, the scoreboard was altered to read 23-21. Backup quarterback Rickey Foggie moved the Lions in position for Lui Passaglia to kick the game winning field goal from 42 yards on the last play. If the Blue Bombers had been sure of the score a few minutes earlier, they may have chosen to try for a 2-point convert on their final touchdown.

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Rick Ferrell, 89
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Ferrell was a catcher with the St. Louis Browns (1929-1933, 1941-1943); Boston Red Sox (1933-1937); and Washington Nationals (1937-1941, 1944-1945, 1947), batting .281 with 28 home runs and 734 runs batted in in 1,884 games. His brother Wes was a pitcher, and the two were batterymates for five seasons with the Red Sox. Rick Ferrell was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1984.

Miklós Rózsa, 88. Hungarian-born U.S. composer. Mr. Rózsa was a great composer of film scores, winning Academy Awards for Spellbound (1945); A Double Life (1947); and Ben-Hur (1959). This blogger's favourite score of Mr. Rózsa's is The Thief of Bagdad (1940). Mr. Rózsa also wrote numerous concert works.

Americana
The Korean War Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C.

Politics and government
U.S. President Bill Clinton signed a revised version of the rescissions bill that he had rejected in June in casting his first veto. The new version cut $16.3 billion from spending previously approved by Congress for fiscal 1995, but it restored $770 billion that Mr. Clinton wanted for education, training, and environmental programs.

Business
Conrad Black's Hollinger Inc. bought 19 of 21 small newspapers in Ontario and Saskatchewan that Thomson Corporation had put up for sale as part of a reorganization.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (1-4) 11 @ British Columbia (4-1) 48

Zed Robinson rushed for 2 touchdowns and Sean Millington rushed for another as the Lions routed the Rough Riders before 22,226 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. quarterback Danny McManus completed a 15-yard touchdown pass to Darren Flutie, and the Lions also had TDs from Eddie Thomas on a 98-yard kickoff return and Charles Gordon on an interception return. Defensive tackle John Kropke scored the only Ottawa touchdown on a 2-yard fumble return.

10 years ago
2005


Space
NASA grounded the space shuttle, pending an investigation of the continuing problem with the shedding of foam insulation from the external fuel tank. During ascent of space shuttle mission STS-114, the external tank of the space shuttle Discovery had shed a piece of foam slightly smaller than the piece that caused the Columbia disaster in 2003; this foam did not strike the spacecraft.

Terrorism
Ahmed Ressam, an Algerian who'd plotted to bomb the Los Angeles airport on the eve of the millennium, was sentenced to 22 years in prison.

Sunday, July 26, 2015

July 26, 2015

150 years ago
1865


Born on this date
Philipp Scheidemann
. Chancellor of Germany, 1919. Mr. Scheidemann, a member of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), publicly proclaimed Germany a republic on November 9, 1918, and served as Chancellor from February 13-June 20, 1919. He and his cabinet resigned over the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Mr. Scheidemann died on November 29, 1939 at the age of 74.

125 years ago
1890


Protest
The Revolución del Parque took place in Buenos Aires, forcing President Miguel Ángel Juárez Celman's resignation.

90 years ago
1925


Died on this date
William Jennings Bryan, 65
. U.S. politician. Mr. Bryan, nicknamed "The Great Commoner," was the Democratic Party nominee for President of the United States in 1896, 1900, and 1908, losing all three times. He served as United States Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson from 1913-1915, but resigned in opposition to Mr. Wilson's increasingly anti-German policy after the May 7, 1915 sinking of the Lusitania. He was known for his opposition to Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, and represented the prosecution in the Scopes "Monkey trial" in Dayton, Tennessee, when high school teacher John Thomas Scopes was charged with violating a state law prohibiting the teaching of evolution. Mr. Bryan died in his sleep just five days after the end of the trial.

75 years ago
1940


War
Italian planes bombed Gibraltar. British Royal Navy forces seized three Romanian vessels at Port Said, Egypt. The Japanese government adopted a document giving top priority to solving the "China incident" by blocking supplies reaching China through Indochina and other routes and to securing its own raw materials by pursuing a more aggressive policy in the Netherlands East Indies.

Diplomacy
The League of Nations announced that it would transfer its economic and financial departments to Princeton University in New Jersey. Joseph Avenol resigned as Secretary-General of the League of Nations, stating that current realities made his office unnecessary.

Law
The Canadian Parliament passed a law imposing the death penalty for acts committed with intent to help the enemy.

Politics and government
U.S. Agriculture Secretary and Democratic Party vice presidential candidate Henry Wallace announced that he would resign or take a leave of absence without pay from his cabinet post once the election campaign began.

Economics and finance
A Gallup Poll reported that only 33% of Americans favoured increased federal government regulation of business, and that 75% felt there should be greater control of labour unions.

Baseball
Bob Feller earned his 16th win of the season, striking out 4 and walked none while hitting 2 doubles as the Cleveland Indians whipped the Washington Nationals 13-2 before 4,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland.

70 years ago
1945


War
The Potsdam Declaration, calling for the surrender of all Japanese forces, was released, having been signed at the Potsdam Conference in Germany by U.S. President Harry Truman, U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Nationalist Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek. U.S. Army General Jacob Devers, chief of U.S. ground forces, said that about seven million men would be used for the invasion of Japan. The minesweeper HMS Vestal was struck by a Japanese kamikaze attack in the Indian Ocean, becoming the last British Royal Navy ship to be sunk in the Second World War. The U.S. Navy cruiser USS Indianapolis arrived at the Mariana island of Tinian with parts of the warhead for the Hiroshima atomic bomb.

Politics and government
Results of the British general election, most of the voting in which had taken place on July 5, were revealed, showing that the Labour Party, led by Clement Attlee, had won its first majority, taking 393 seats of 627 seats in the House of Commons, up from 164 before the election. The Conservatives and their allies won 213 seats, the Liberals 12, and other parties 11. Winston Churchill immediately resigned as Prime Minister and Mr. Attlee was sworn in to replace him.

The Swedish wartime coalition cabinet resigned, and Prime Minister Per Albin Hannsson formed a new cabinet, composed completely of Social Democratic Party members.

The Belgian government of Prime Minister Achille von Acker, which maintained that King Leopold III should not resume the throne, won a vote of non-confidence in the Chamber of Deputies.

Malcolm Ross, chairman of the U.S. Fair Employment Practices Commission, announced that FEPC staff would be reduced from 117 to 51 and five branch offices would be closed because of lack of funds.

The U.S. Communist Political Association opened its national convention in New York with attacks on Earl Browder and his "opportunistic errors."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Administration lowered meat ration values for beef, lamb, and veal, an allocated about 80 million more pounds of sugar to the East by September 1945.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Poupée De Cire, Poupée De Son--France Gall (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 What the World Needs Now is Love--Jackie DeShannon
2 What's New Pussycat?--Tom Jones
3 I Like it Like That--The Dave Clark Five
4 (Such An) Easy Question--Elvis Presley
5 Set Me Free--The Kinks
6 Down in the Boondocks--Billy Joe Royal
7 (My Girl) Sloopy--Little Caesar and the Consuls
8 Where are You Now--Jackie Trent
9 It's Just a Little Bit Too Late--Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders
10 Little Liar--Terry Black

Singles entering the chart were You Tell Me Why by the Beau Brummels (#24); I Got You Babe by Sonny and Cher (#30); Here I Am by Dionne Warwick (#31); Unchained Melody by the Righteous Brothers (#34); You Better Go by Derek Martin (#35); You were On My Mind by We Five (#36); Because You're Gone by the Nocturnals (#38); Around the Corner by the Duprees (#39); and I'll Always Love You by the Spinners (#40).

Asiana
An agreement was signed by Maldivian Prime Minister Ibrahim Nasir Rannabandeyri Kilegefan and British Ambassador designate Sir Michael Walker, ending British responsibility for the islands' defense and external affairs, granting full independence to the Maldives.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Amore grande amore libero--Il Guar.del faro (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Stand by Your Man--Tammy Wynette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Give a Little Love--Bay City Rollers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 One of These Nights--The Eagles
2 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
3 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
4 Jive Talkin'--The Bee Gees
5 I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
6 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
7 Swearin' to God--Frankie Valli
8 Someone Saved My Life Tonight--Elton John
9 Midnight Blue--Melissa Manchester
10 Rockin' Chair--Gwen McCrae

Singles entering the chart were Daisy Jane by America (#73); Let Me Make Love to You by the O'Jays (#76); How Long (Betcha’ Got A Chick On The Side) by the Pointer Sisters (#78); The Proud One by the Osmonds (#86); It Only Takes a Minute by Tavares (#88); Waterfall by Carly Simon (#89); Lady Blue by Leon Russell (#93); Hustle!!! (Dead on It) by James Brown (#96); Keep Your Eye on the Sparrow by Merry Clayton (#97); and Flyin' High by the Blackbyrds (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
2 Magic--Pilot
3 I'm Not Lisa--Jessi Colter
4 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
5 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
6 I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
7 Swearin' to God--Frankie Valli
8 Only Women--Alice Cooper
9 Christina--Terry Jacks
10 Dynomite--Tony Camillos

Singles entering the chart were (I Believe) There's Nothing Stronger than Our Love by Paul Anka with Odia Coates (#89); (Something's Burning) I'm on Fire by Mike Lehman (#90); Two Fine People by Cat Stevens (#91); Help Me Rhonda by Johnny Rivers (#92); Third Rate Romance by Amazing Rhythm Aces (#93); That's When the Music Takes Me by Neil Sedaka (#94); Hope that We Can Be Together Soon by Harold Melvin and the Bluenotes and Sharon Paige (#95); Northbound Plane by Ray Materick (#96); Rendezvous by the Hudson Brothers (#97); Dream Merchant by New Birth (#98); Love Has No Pride by Susan Jacks (#99); and Oh Me, Oh My (Dream in My Arms) by Al Green (#100).

Football

Charlotte (0-1) 10 @ San Antonio (1-0) 27

Baseball
Mike Cuellar pitched his second 1-hitter of the season and fourth of his major league career as the Baltimore Orioles blanked the Milwaukee Brewers 4-0 before 26,578 fans (including this blogger and his father) at County Stadium in Milwaukee. George Scott singled to lead off the bottom of the 7th inning for the only Milwaukee hit. The Brewers made 5 errors.

Pete Rose batted 4 for 5 with a double, 3 runs, and a run batted in as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 5-3 before 50,236 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

Bill Madlock batted 6 for 6 with a triple, run, and 3 runs batted in, but it wasn't enough, as his Chicago Cubs lost 9-8 in 10 innings to the New York Mets before 20,474 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. New York second baseman Felix Millan batted 4 for 4 with a run and 4 RBIs.

30 years ago
1985


Football
CFL
Toronto (2-2) 35 @ Hamilton (0-3) 10

Geoff Townsend caught two touchdown passes for the Argonauts, one each from Condredge Holloway and Mark Casale. Mr. Casale, who went into the game at quarterback when Mr. Holloway was injured in the 2nd quarter, also threw touchdown passes to Terry Greer and Kerry Taylor. Hamilton quarterback Ken Hobart rushed 22 yards for the lone Tiger-Cat major with 50 seconds remaining. 17,566 were in attendance at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

25 years ago
1990


Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney offered $3,840,000 to acquire the Oka lands in Quebec claimed by the Mohawks as a burial ground and sacred site.

Scandal
The U.S. House of Representatives rejected by a vote of 390-38 a motion, supported largely by Republicans, to expel Rep. Barney Frank (Democrat--Massachusetts) from the House for using his office improperly to assist male prostitute Steven Gobie by fixing parking tickets and attempting to influence parole officers to end Mr. Gobie’s probation on felony charges. A motion in the House to censure Mr. Frank was rejected 287-141, but a motion to reprimand Mr. Frank passed 408-18. Mr. Frank apologized for his conduct, attributing it in part to his efforts prior to 1987 to conceal his homosexuality.

Law
U.S. President George Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act into law.

Health
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that a young woman – later identified as Kimberly Bergalis of Florida – had been infected with the AIDS virus, apparently by her dentist, Dr. David Acer.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-1) 46 @ Ottawa (1-2) 50

This blogger, along with Dave Ward, Warren Sinclair, and Richard Greene, was among the 26,411 at Lansdowne Park on a beautiful night to see the highest-scoring regulation time loss in Eskimo history. At the time it was the second-highest scoring game in CFL history. Former Eskimo quarterback Damon Allen threw 5 touchdown passes, 4 of them in the first 19 minutes, as the Rough Riders held leads of 23-0, 30-3, and 43-20 before the Eskimos mounted a furious comeback. Mr. Allen completed just 10 of 22 passes, but for 273 yards. He also rushed 5 times for 89 yards. Another former Eskimo, Stephen Jones, caught 3 passes for 115 yards and 2 touchdowns. Reggie Barnes scored on a 74-yard pass reception, while Ken Evraire and David Conrad also caught touchdown passes. Mr. Conrad also rushed for a touchdown, while Mr. Barnes rushed 16 times for 129 yards. Tracy Ham completed 21 of 36 passes for 411 yard and 3 touchdowns, but also gave up 4 interceptions. Reggie Taylor caught 5 for 112 and 2 touchdowns, while Keith Wright caught the other Eskimo touchdown pass. Mr. Ham rushed 8 times for 62 yards and a touchdown, with Blake Marshall also scoring on a 1-yard run. Mr. Conrad caught Mr. Allen’s 5th touchdown pass to make the score, after the convert, 43-20 with 4:23 remaining in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Ham promptly brought the Eskimos back, hitting Mr. Wright with a 23-yard scoring pass. Mr. Ham then rushed 7 yards for a touchdown with 40 seconds remaining in the quarter, and the Ottawa lead was reduced to 43-34. Mr. Ham then completed a pass to Mr. Taylor, who broke away for a 57-yard touchdown at 2:11 of the 4th quarter, reducing the lead to 43-41. Ray Macoritti kicked his third field goal of the game at 5:19 to give the Eskimos a 44-43 lead. Henry "Gizmo" Williams fumbled at the end of a long punt return, and the Rough Riders recovered and then drove for the winning touchdown, scored by Mr. Conrad on a 2-yard rush with 5:41 remaining. The Rough Riders conceded a safety touch, and a long pass from Mr. Ham to Mr. Williams was intercepted by Troy Wilson with 50 seconds remaining. Mr. Wilson made 2 interceptions and recovered 2 Edmonton fumbles. A sidelight to the game was one of those nauseating marriage proposals that appeared on the scoreboard. I loudly advised her to turn him down--and they turned out to be sitting right behind us.

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
George Romney, 88
. U.S. automobile executive and politician. Mr. Romney was chairman and president of American Motors Corporation from 1954-1962, during which time the Rambler became a popular car. Mr. Romney was a member of the Republican Party and served as Governor of Michigan from 1963-1969. He campaigned unsuccessfully for the 1968 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States, and served as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development in the administration of President Richard Nixon from 1969-1973. Mr. Romney was the father of future Massachusetts Governor and 2012 Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney.

Laurindo Almeida, 77. Brazilian-born U.S. musician. Mr. Almeida was a guitarist and composer who helped to create the genre of music known as "Jazz Samba." He won five Grammy Awards.

War
The United States Senate voted 69-29 in favour of a bill that would end U.S. participation in the arms embargo against the Bosnian government. U.S. President Bill Clinton opposed the unilateral lifting of the embargo because the United Kingdom and France had threatened to pull their peacekeepers out of Bosnia in that event, and the U.S. had promised to send troops into Bosnia to help evacuate the peacekeepers.

Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien created the Information Highway Secretariat.

Business
John Labatt Ltd. was sold to Belgian brewer lnterbrew SA, completing a takeover valued at Canadian $2.7 billion; the deal made lnterbrew the world's third-largest brewery.

Sweden's Trelleborg AB sold its 28.3% interest in Falconbridge Ltd. to a syndicate of 15 brokerage firms for $1.4 billion.

Football
CFL
San Antonio (2-2) 17 @ Winnipeg (2-3) 20

Troy Westwood's kicked field goals of 36 and 44 yards in the 4th quarter to give the Blue Bombers their win over the Texans before 20,961 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. The game's two touchdowns were scored in the 2nd quarter, when Winnipeg quarterback Sammy Garza scored on a 1-yard rush and San Antonio's Marcus Gates returned a Bob Cameron punt 81 yards. For Mr.Garza, who was in his seventh season with the Blue Bombers, the game was his last in a Winnipeg uniform.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Gilles Marotte, 60
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Marotte was a defenceman with the Boston Bruins (1965-67); Chicago Black Hawks (1967-70); Los Angeles Kings (1970-73); New York Rangers (1973-76); St. Louis Blues (1976-77); Cincinnati Stingers (1977-78); and Indianapolis Racers (1977-78), scoring 321 points on 56 goals and 265 assists in 808 NHL regular season games and 3 goals and 3 assists in 29 Stanley Cup games, and 3 goals and 20 assists in 73 WHA games. In 1967 he was traded to Chicago with Pit Martin and Jack Norris for Phil Esposito, Ken Hodge, and Fred Stanfield in a trade that became notorious for turning out lopsidedly in favour of the Bruins. Mr. Marotte had his best years with Los Angeles, and played in the 1973 NHL All-Star Game. He died of pancratic cancer.

Space
U.S. mission STS-114 began when the space shuttle Discovery launched from Capre Canaveral, Florida. The seven-member crew was commanded by Eileen Collins. It was NASA's first scheduled flight mission since the breakup of the space shuttle Columbia on February 1, 2003 that had resulted in the deaths of the entire crew.

Disasters
Mumbai received 99.5 cm of rain (39.17 inches) within 24 hours, resulting in floods killing over 5,000 people.