Tuesday, April 21, 2015

April 21, 2015

400 years ago
1615


Technology
The Wignacourt Aqueduct was inaugurated in Malta.

225 years ago
1790


Born on this date
Manuel Blanco Encalada
. 1st President of Chile, 1826. Vice-Admiral Blanco Encalada served in the Chilean War of Independence, and was elected President of the Republic in 1826. He took office on July 9, 1826 and resigned exactly two months later after disputes with Congress. Vice-Admiral Blanco Encalada died on September 5, 1876 at the age of 86.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Anthony Quinn
. Mexican-born U.S. actor. Mr. Quinn, born Antonio Rodolfo Quinn Oaxaca, was an actor known for playing "ethnic" characters. He won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Viva Zapata! (1952) and Lust for Life (1956). Mr. Quinn died on June 3, 2001 at the age of 86.

Garrett Hardin. U.S. ecologist. Dr. Hardin warned of the dangers of overpopulation, and advocated programs to reduce population, such as abortion and forced sterilization. His views on relieving human suffering were about the same as those of Ebenezer Scrooge. Typical of the hypocrisy of so many people who advocate population control, he and his wife Jane had four children. Dr. Hardin devised Hardin's First Law of Human Ecology: "You cannot do only one thing", declaring the interconnectedness of every action. Dr. and Mrs. Hardin were members of End-of-Life Choices, formerly known as the Hemlock Society. He was 88 and suffering from a heart disorder and Mrs. Hardin, 81, had amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, when they committed suicide together in their home in Santa Barbara, California on September 14, 2003, shortly after their 62nd wedding anniversary.

90 years ago
1925


Politics and government
The Manifesto of the Fascist Intellectuals was published in Il Mondo, establishing the political and ideological foundations of Italian Fascism.

80 years ago
1935

Baseball

First baseman Lou Gehrig was named captain of the New York Yankees, one of the few teams in the major leagues that had resorted to the custom.

Babe Ruth hit his 2nd home run as a member of the Boston Braves, but his 1st-inning home run off Ray Benge was the only scoring the Braves managed as they lost 8-1 to the Brooklyn Dodgers before 20,000 fans at Braves Field.

The Cleveland Indians lost 3-2 to the Detroit Tigers in 13 innings at Navin Field in Detroit. It was the third consecutive extra-inning game for the Indians: they had beaten the Tigers 2-1 in 14 innings in the previous game, and had defeated the St. Louis Browns 2-1 in 14 innings the game before that. The 41 innings in 3 straight games set an American League record.

75 years ago
1940


War
Allied forces landed at Andalsnes, Norway in an effort to prevent the German army in the south from joining units at Trondheim.

World events
Clashes between Hindus and Muslims in the Burmese capital of Rangoon resulted in 11 deaths and 69 injuries.

Politics and government
A Gallup Poll indicated that if the 1940 U.S. Presidential election were held today, the Democratic candidate would capture 31 of 48 states and 317 of 531 electoral votes.

Oren Root, leading a drive to nominate New York lawyer Wendell Willkie as the 1940 Republican Party candidate for President of the United States, claimed to have 35,000 declarations of support for Mr. Willkie.

Business
The United States Justice Department announced that it was dropping antitrust actions against five major typewriter companies because they would sign decrees promising never again to violate antitrust laws.

Labour
United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis called upon his union members to support the LaFollette Oppressive Labor Practices Bill.

Football
APFA
George Heitzler was elected president of the new American Professional Football Association.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): My Dreams are Getting Better All the Time--Les Brown and His Band of Renown (3rd week at #1)

Married on this date
Leopold Stokowski
, U.S. orchestra conductor; Gloria Vanderbilt de Cicco, U.S. socialite. The couple were married in Mexico the day after her divorce in Reno, Nevada from Pasquale de Cicco.

War
German radio broadcasts reported that Soviet troops were 3-4 miles inside Berlin's city limits. Soviet forces south of Berlin at Zossen attacked the German High Command headquarters. British troops in Italy captured Bologna. U.S. troops seized Iegusugu Peak on Ie Island, ending organized Japanese resistance there. More than 200 Marianas-based bombers carried out attacks on nine Japanese airfields on Kyushu.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. and the provisional government of Poland signed a treaty of friendship, mutual assistance, and postwar collaboration.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 1 @ Toronto 0 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Ed Bruneteau scored the game's only goal at 14:16 of the 1st overtime period to give the Red Wings their win over the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens as Harry Lumley posted his second straight shutout in winning the goaltending duel over Frank McCool.

60 years ago
1955


Labour
National newspapers in Britain were published for the first time in nearly a month when a strike of 700 maintenance workers ended.

50 years ago
1965


Died on this date
Edward Victor Appleton, 72
. U.K. physicist. Sir Edward was awarded the 1947 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his investigations of the physics of the upper atmosphere especially for the discovery of the so-called Appleton layer."

Americana
The 1964–1965 New York World's Fair opened for its second and final season.

Defense
The United Nations Disarmament Commission convened for the first time since August 1960.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 105 @ Los Angeles 126 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Jerry West scored 43 points and Leroy Ellis added 29 as the Lakers defeated the Celtics before 14,243 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena. Sam Jones led Boston scorers with 35 points.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Newcastle Song--Bob Hudson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Todo El Tiempo Del Mundo--Manolo Otero (18th week at #1)

Politics and government
Nguyen Van Thieu resigned as President of South Vietnam after 10 years in office, blaming lasck of military funds promised by the United States.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
San Diego 6 @ Toronto 4 (San Diego won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Basketball
ABA
Semi-Finals
St. Louis 109 @ Kentucky 112 (Kentucky led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Louie Dampier scored 27 points and Artis Gilmore 26 as the Colonels beat the Spirits before 6,612 fans at Freedom Hall in Louisville. Freddie Lewis of St. Louis led all scorers with 35 points and Marvin Barnes added 26 points for the Spirits.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): We are the World--USA for Africa

#1 single in France (SNEP): Johnny, Johnny--Jeanne Mas (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: You Spin Me Round (Like a Record)--Dead or Alive (2nd week at #1)

On the radio
The Stories of Sherlock Holmes, starring Graham Armitage and Kerry Jordan, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: Lack of Evidence

Died on this date
Foster Hewitt, 82
. Canadian sportscaster. Mr. Hewitt was the most famous sportscaster in Canadian history, as the best-known play-by-play voice of hockey--especially for games of the Toronto Maple Leafs--for more than 40 years after calling his first game in 1923. He was famous for the phrase, "He shoots! He scores!"

Tancredo Neves, 75. Prime Minister of Brazil, 1961-1962; President-elect of Brazil, 1985. Mr. Neves was a member of several political parties and held several cabinet posts. He was elected President on January 15, 1985, but took ill and died before he could take office.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Philadelphia 5 New York Islanders 2
Montreal 6 Quebec 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Opposites Attract--Paula Abdul (with Wild Pair)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Vattene Amore--Amedeo Minghi; Mietta (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Enjoy the Silence--Depeche Mode (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Le temps des Yéyés--Les Vagabonds (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Power--Snap! (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Vogue--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Nothing Compares to U--Sinead O’Connor

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I’ll Be Your Everything--Tommy Page
2 Don’t Wanna Fall in Love--Jane Child
3 Nothing Compares to U--Sinead O’Connor
4 All Around the World--Lisa Stansfield
5 I Wanna Be Rich--Calloway
6 Love Will Lead You Back--Taylor Dayne
7 Here and Now--Luther Vandross
8 Forever--Kiss
9 Black Velvet--Alannah Myles
10 Get Up! (Before the Night is Over)--Technotronic

Singles entering the chart were Ooh La La (I Can’t Get Over You) by Perfect Gentlemen (#53); Deadbeat Club by the B-52's (#55); Drag My Bad Name Down by 4 of Us (#62); Spin That Wheel by Hi Tek 3 featuring Ya Kid K (#75); Get a Life by Soul II Soul (#80); Dub Be Good to Me by Beats International (#82); and Nicety by Michel'le (#88).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Wish it Would Rain Down--Phil Collins (5th week at #1)
2 Love Will Lead You Back--Taylor Dayne
3 All Around the World--Lisa Stansfield
4 Lover of Mine--Alannah Myles
5 I’ll Be Your Everything--Tommy Page
6 Nothing Compares to U--Sinead O’Connor
7 The Heart of the Matter--Don Henley
8 Blue Sky Mine--Midnight Oil
9 Every Little Tear--Paul Janz
10 Get Up! (Before the Night is Over)--Technotronic

Singles entering the chart were Vogue by Madonna (#71); Love Child by Sweet Sensation (#73); Honest Man by the Partland Brothers (#75); Room at the Top by Adam Ant (#78); Paper Walls by Watertown (#81); Lost Lovers Found by Kim Mitchell (#84); Whip Appeal by Babyface (#87); Love Me for Life by Stevie B (#89); Not Even Close by Tim Finn (#91); This and That by Michael Penn (#93); and Children of the Night by Richard Marx (#95).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Montreal 4 @ Boston 5 (OT) (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Washington 6 @ New York Rangers 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Baseball
The Cincinnati Reds improved their record to 9-0, the best start in their history, with an 8-1 win over the Atlanta Braves before 24,091 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

20 years ago
1995


Terrorism
Timothy McVeigh and brothers Terry and James Nichols were arrested in connection with the April 19 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, which had killed 169 people.

Basketball
NBA
The Boston Celtics played their final regular-season game at Boston Garden, their home since 1946. Soon afterward, the Garden was razed and replaced by the Fleet Center next door.

Monday, April 20, 2015

April 20, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Tanya Dueck!

240 years ago
1775


War
The Siege of Boston began, the day after the American Revolutionary War had begun with the battles at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts.

150 years ago
1865


Technology
Italian astronomer Pietro Angelo Secchi demonstrated the Secchi disk, which measures water transparency, aboard Pope Pius IX's yacht L'Immaculata Concezion.

130 years ago
1885

War

General Thomas Bland "Jingo" Strange and 1,300 men set out from Calgary toward Frog Lake in what is now northeastern Alberta (then part of the Northwest Territories) to fight against a Cree chief named Wandering Spirit, who was viewed as a threat to peaceful white and Metis settlement of the area.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Maurice Duplessis
. Canadian politician. Mr. Duplessis was the leader of the Union Nationale party and was Premier of Quebec from 1936-1939 and from 1944 until his death on September 7, 1959 at the age of 69. He opposed Communism, trade unions, and Canadian involvement in World War II. His government favoured private enterprise and the entry of foreign (largely American) foreign capital )while refusing federal funds to support education), and kept taxes low, while building roads and bridges (at least in areas that had voted UN). The Union Nationale under Duplessis engaged in the typical Quebec practices of extortion, vote-buying, and ballot box-stuffing. The Roman Catholic church hierarchy supported Mr. Duplessis' government in return for subsidies for church schools and charities. The Padlock Law of 1937 authorized police to lock premises from which Communist activity was allegedly conducted. Jehovah's Witnesses were fined and imprisoned for distributing literature on the street. Wilson Ewin, a Baptist evangelist, also served time in prison in Quebec under Duplessis for proclaiming the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Mr. Duplessis died in Schefferville, Quebec, and was succeeded as premier by Paul Sauve. Fifty years after his death, Maurice Duplessis continues to be the subject of scholarly debate.

75 years ago
1940


War
The government of the Netherlands declared a state of siege for the whole country. British planes bombed the Norwegian cities of Stavenger, Aalborg, and Kristiansand in an effort to prevent German troops from being airlifted to Norway.

Technology
The first public test of the electron microscope was held at the Radio Corporation of America laboratories in Camden, New Jersey.

Aviation
Goodyear-Zeppelin Corporation announced production of a dirigible capable of resisting storms while airborne.

Economics and finance
Japan opened the Pearl River in China to commercial traffic, making Canton accessible to world trade.

Labour
American Federation of Labor President William Green opened a union organizing drive in the southwestern United States with a speech in Dallas calling for the unity of all economic groups.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Erwin Bumke, 70
. German jurist. Mr. Bumke was the last president of the Reichsgericht (Imperial Court of Justice) from 1929-1945. After the Nazis took power in Germany in 1933, the Court increasingly implemented rulings in line with Nazi policy. "Justice" Bumke committed suicide the day after U.S. forces captured Leipzig; the Reichsgericht was dissolved at the end of World War II.

War
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler celebrated his 56th birthday by leaving his bunker in Berlin to award Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth; it was Mr. Hitler's last public appearance. Units of the U.S. 7th Army captured Nuremberg. Radio broadcasts from Berlin announced that Soviet troops were at Werneuchen, 7 1/2 miles north of Berlin. Allied forces in Italy broke through the last mountain barriers southwest of Bologna and advanced in the Po Valley. A month-long British deive on Rangoon placed them 220 miles north of the Burmese capital.

Abominations
20 Jewish children who had been used in medical experiments at Neuengamme concentration camp in Germany, their 4 adult Jewish caretakers and 6 Soviet Red Army prisoners of war were killed in the basement of the Bullenhuser Damm school in Hamburg. Later that evening, 24 Soviet POWs who had also been used in the experiments were brought to the school to be murdered.

Law
Jurists of 44 United Nations member states signed a preliminary draft of a plan for the International Court of Justice; the draft would be submitted to the San Francisco Conference to found the United Nations.

The High Court of Justice in Paris sentenced General Henri-Fernand Dentz, former high commisioner of Syria, to death with military degradation and property confiscation, as a traitor to France.

Politics and government
U.S. President Harry Truman named his old friend Charlie Ross of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch as his press secretary.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board approved an increase of 5c per hour for 30,000 maintenance workers with five auto manufacturers.

50 years ago
1965


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Last Second of a Big Dream, with guest stars Steve Forrest, Laurence Naismith, and Milton Selzer

This was the final episode of the season.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Chicago 0 @ Montreal 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Gump Worsley posted the shutout in winning the goaltending duel over Glenn Hall as the Canadiens blanked the Black Hawks at the Montreal Forum.

40 years ago
1975


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-finals
Pittsburgh 1 @ New York Islanders 3 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Buffalo 6 @ Chicago 2 (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Clarke Gillies scored with 13:44 remaining in the 3rd period to break a 1-1 tie and J.-P. Parise scored 39 seconds later as the Islanders averted elimination against the Penguins before 14,865 fans at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale in a game that was broadcast in Canada on CBC radio. Andre St. Laurent opened the scoring for New York in the 1st period, and J. Bob Kelly replied for Pittsburgh in the 2nd. Glenn Resch made 27 saves for the Islanders, while Pittsburgh goalie Gary Inness stopped 35 shots.

The Sabres broke a 1-1 tie with 5 goals in the 3rd period as they beat the Black Hawks before 16,666 fans at Chicago Stadium. Peter McNab scored for Buffalo in the 2nd period; Jim Lorentz, Rick Martin, Rene Robert, Danny Gare, and Gilbert Perreault scored in the 3rd period. Grant Mulvey gave Chicago a 1-0 lead after the 1st period, and Phil Russell scored for the Black Hawks in the 3rd.

Basketball
NBA
Conference Semi-Finals
First Round
Buffalo 93 @ Washington 97 (Washington led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Kansas City-Omaha 77 @ Chicago 104 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Elvin Hayes scored 46 points to lead the Bullets to a come-from-behind victory over the Braves before 18,820 fans at Capital Center in Landover, Maryland. Bob McAdoo led Buffalo with 34 points, with teammate Randy Smith adding 21.

Bob Love scored 30 points as the Bulls routed the Kings before 16,247 fans at Chicago Stadium. No Kansas City-Omaha player scored more than 13 points.

ABA
Semi-Finals
Indiana 128 @ Denver 131 (Denver led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Dave Robisch scored 28 points as the Nuggets defeated the Pacers before 7,444 fans at Denver Auditorium Arena. Mike Green scored 27 points for Denver, including 6 straight in the 4th quarter to blunt an Indiana rally. Indiana's George McGinnis led all scorers with 39 points, while grabbing 21 rebounds and making 8 assists, while teammate Billy Knight scored 26 points and added 13 rebounds.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): We are the World--USA for Africa (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): We are the World--USA for Africa

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): We are the World--USA for Africa (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: We are the World--USA for Africa

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): We are the World--USA for Africa (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 We are the World--USA for Africa (2nd week at #1)
2 Crazy for You--Madonna
3 One More Night--Phil Collins
4 Nightshift--Commodores
5 Rhythm of the Night--DeBarge
6 Material Girl--Madonna
7 Obsession--Animotion
8 I’m on Fire--Bruce Springsteen
9 Can’t Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
10 That was Yesterday--Foreigner

Singles entering the chart were Say You're Wrong by Julian Lennon (#53); Heaven by Bryan Adams (#55); Show Some Respect by Tina Turner (#67); The Search is Over by Survivor (#75); and Talk to Me by Fiona (#95).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Tears are Not Enough--Northern Lights
2 Shout--Tears for Fears
3 One Night in Bangkok--Murray Head
4 Can't Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
5 One More Night--Phil Collins
6 A Criminal Mind--Gowan
7 Material Girl--Madonna
8 Crazy for You--Madonna
9 Nightshift--Commodores
10 Rhythm of the Night--DeBarge

Singles entering the chart were Everybody Wants to Rule the World by Tears for Fears (#68); Celebrate Youth by Rick Springfield (#83); Do You Want to Get Away by Shannon (#86); Black Cars by Gino Vannelli (#90); Smuggler's Blues by Glenn Frey (#97); The Bird by the Time (#98); and West End Girls by Pet Shop Boys (#99).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Divisional Finals
Winnipeg 2 @ Edmonton 5 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-0)

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (8th week at #1)

Business
Hillsdown Holdings, the British owner of Maple Leaf Mills bought 30% the Canada Packers shares held by the McLean family, to own 56% of the new $4 billion company.

Law
The Correctional Service of Canada task force recommended closing the Kingston Prison for Women, founded in 1934. The task force recommended replacing it with 10-person cottage-like facilities and an Aboriginal healing lodge.

Scandal
Baseball legend Pete Rose pled guilty in U.S. District Court in Cincinnati to two counts of filing false income tax returns. In the court settlement, Mr. Rose agreed to pay $366,000 in back taxes, penalties, and interest, while remaining subject to a possible prison sentence.

Baseball
Brian Holman of the Seattle Mariners was one out away from a perfect game against the Oakland Athletics when he gave up a home run to pinch hitter Ken Phelps. Mr. Holman then struck out Rickey Henderson to finish the 6-1 win before 44,911 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Scatman (Ski-Ba-Bop-Ba-Dop-Bop)--Scatman John

Music
This blogger, with enjoyable female company, attended a concert by the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium as part of the Lighter Classics series. The guest soloist was pianist Chia Chou.

Sunday, April 19, 2015

April 19, 2015

1,950 years ago
65


World events
The freedman Milichus betrayed Gaius Calpurnius Piso's plot to assassinate Roman Emperor Nero, and all the conspirators were arrested.

625 years ago
1390


Died on this date
Robert II, 74
. King of Scots, 1371-1390. Robert II, the grandson of Robert the Bruce, succeeded David II as King. Robert II was succeeded by his son Robert III.

240 years ago
1775


War
The American Revolutionary War began with the "shot heard around the world" as Colonial Minute Men took on British Army regulars at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts.

125 years ago
1890


Baseball
The Players League played its first games: The Boston Reds edged the Brooklyn Wonders at Congress Street Ground in Boston; the Philadelphia Quakers outlasted the New York Giants at Brotherhood Park in New York; the Chicago Pirates beat the Pittsburgh Burghers 10-2 at South Side Park in Chicago; and the Buffalo Bisons routed the Cleveland Infants 23-2 at Olympic Park in Buffalo, as losing pitcher Henry Gruber went the distance, giving up 17 hits and 16 bases on balls.

75 years ago
1940


War
The first French forces landed in northern Norway.

Diplomacy
Germany expelled Norwegian Minister Arne Scheel.

Politics and government
New York City members of the state Republican Party Committee endorsed National Committeeman Kenneth Simpson in his struggle to maintain his position against forces supporting New York City District Attorney Thomas Dewey.

Track and field
Taitso Maki of Finland set a U.S. record for the 3-mile run, covering the distance in 13:42.4 in New Orleans.

70 years ago
1945


Theatre
Carousel, by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, opened at the Majestic Theatre on Broadway in New York City.

War
U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson said that since the D-Day invasion of June 6, 1944, the Allies had taken 2.1 million German prisoners on the western front. U.S. troops in Germany captured Leipzig. Radio reports from Berlin announced that Soviet troops were 10 miles east of the German capital. U.S. forces reached the northern tip of Okinawa and began an assault against the estmated 77,000 Japanese defenders on the southern part of the island.

Insurgent forces in the Honduran state of Coban were reported defeated by three Honduran government units.

Diplomacy
Guatemala and the U.S.S.R. established diplomatic relations.

Politics and government
The Iranian cabinet of Prime Minister Morteza Quilikhan Bayat resigned after failing to receive the approval of parliament.

U.S. President Harry Truman told congressional leaders that he supported pending legislation sponsored by the late President Franklin D. Roosevelt that included reciprocal trade agreements; the Office of Price Administration and Stabilization Act; a military draft of 18-year-olds; and the Bretton Woods proposals.

Religion
Most Reverend Geoffrey Fisher was installed as Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate of England.

Aviation
The International Air Transport Conference ended in Havana after deciding on a policy of widespread competition for world air trasportation. H.J. Symington was elected president.

Labour
U.S. Stabilization Director William Davis approved a National War Labor Board-sponsored wage increase of 5c per hour for about 55,000 textile workers.

Science
Lord & Taylor presented the 1945 American Design Award and $25,000 to the National Academy of Sciences for the collective achievements of American scientists in creating weapons of war.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 0 @ Detroit 2 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Harry Lumley posted the shutout to win the goaltending duel over Frank McCool as the Red Wings blanked the Maple Leafs at Olympia Stadium.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Flamenco--Los Brincos (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Walking the Streets in the Rain--Butch Moore (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter--Herman's Hermits
2 I'm Tellin' You Now--Freddie & the Dreamers
3 I'll Never Find Another You--The Seekers
4 Mean Woman Blues--Bobby Curtola
5 Me and You--The Regents
6 Game of Love--Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders
7 Tired of Waiting for You--The Kinks
8 Bumble Bee--The Searchers
9 The Last Time--The Rolling Stones
10 Shakin' All Over--Chad Allan and the Expressions (Guess Who?)

Singles entering the chart were Just Once in My Life by the Rightesous Brothers (#21); Concrete and Clay by Unit Four Plus Two (#24); S.O.S. (Sweet on Susie) by Kenny Chandler (#27); Ooo Baby Baby by the Miracles (#28); The Mouse by Soupy Sales (#29); I Can't Stop Thinking of You by Bobbi Martin (#30); Ticket to Ride by the Beatles (#37); Cry is All I Do by the Esquires (#39); and Help Me, Rhonda by the Beach Boys (#40).

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Monkee's Paw--A Retelling, starring Leif Erickson, Jane Wyatt, Collin Wilcox, and Lee Majors

Diplomacy
Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro arrived in Washington to begin his first visit to the United States.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Los Angeles 123 @ Boston 129 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Five different players scored at least 20 points for the Celtics as they defeated the Lakers at Boston Garden. John Havlicek scored 24 points for Boston; Bill Russell and Tom Sanders each added 23; Tommy Heinsohn scored 22; and Sam Jones scored 20. Jerry West of Los Angeles led all scorers with 45 points and Dick Barnett added 26 for the Lakers.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection

#1 single in the U.K.: Bye Bye Baby--Bay City Rollers (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
2 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
3 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
4 No No Song--Ringo Starr
5 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
6 Chevy Van--Sammy Johns
7 Emma--Hot Chocolate
8 Long Tall Glasses (I Can Dance)--Leo Sayer
9 What am I Gonna Do with You--Barry White
10 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn

Singles entering the chart were Good Lovin' Gone Bad by Bad Company (#79); Sandy by the Hollies (#92); Bloody Well Right by Supertramp (#93); Shackin' Up by Barbara Mason (#94); Check it Out by Bobby Womack (#96); Don't Leave Me in the Morning by Odia Coates (#98); Save Me by Silver Convention (#99); and Too Late to Worry, Too Blue to Cry by Ronnie Milsap (#100). Sandy was the first recorded cover of a song written by Bruce Springsteen.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
2 No No Song--Ringo Starr
3 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
4 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
5 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
6 Emma--Hot Chocolate
7 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
8 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
9 Chevy Van--Sammy Johns
10 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas

Singles entering the chart were All in the Past by Gary & Dave (#78); Swing Your Daddy by Jim Gilstrap (#84); Don't Leave Me in the Morning by Odia Coates (#85); Take Me in Your Arms (Rock Me a Little While) by Charity Brown (#86); Cut the Cake by AWB (#87); Cry to Me by Loretta Holloway (#88); When Will I Be Loved by Linda Ronstadt (#89); I Want to Be Free by Ohio Players (#91); Trampled Under Foot by Led Zeppelin (#92); Only Women by Alice Cooper (#93); You Brought the Woman Out of Me by Evie Sands (#94); One Beautiful Day by Ecstasy, Passion and Pain (#95); I'm Not Lisa by Jessi Colter (#96); Hang on Sloopy by Rick Derringer (#97); Hijack by Herbie Mann (#98); Sister Golden Hair by America (#99); and Get Down, Get Down (Get on the Floor) by Joe Simon (#100). All in the Past was the B-side (or maybe the A-side) of What Can You Do About It, charting at #90.

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
2 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
3 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
4 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
5 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
6 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
7 Emma--Hot Chocolate
8 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
9 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
10 No No Song--Ringo Starr
11 I Can Dance--Shooter
12 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
13 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
14 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
15 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
16 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
17 Stand by Me--John Lennon
18 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
19 Killer Queen--Queen
20 What am I Gonna Do with You--Barry White
21 Back Up (Against Your Persuasion)--Black & Ward
22 In the Mood--Rush
23 Let the Phone Ring--Jim Mancel
24 Butter Boy--Fanny
25 Misty--Ray Stevens
26 Bad Time--Grand Funk
27 Pinball Wizard--Elton John (LP track)
28 Fire--Ohip Players
29 Rainy Day People--Gordon Lightfoot
30 Sail on Sailor--The Beach Boys

Pinball Wizard was from the soundtrack of the movie Tommy (1975).

Space
India's first satellite, Aryabhata, was launched from Kapustin Yar in Russia aboard a Kosmos-3M rocket.

Diplomacy
North Korean dictator Kim Il-sung began a week-long visit to China.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Philadelphia 4 @ Toronto 3 (OT) (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Montreal 4 @ Vancouver 0 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Andre Dupont deflected teammate Dave Schultz's shot past Gord McRae for the winning goal at 1:45 of the 1st overtime period as the Flyers eliminated the Maple Leafs before 16,485 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens. Ron Ellis had scored his second goal of the game with 6:37 remaining in regulation time to tie the game for Toronto. It was the last game as a Maple Leaf for Dave Keon, who left after 15 years--the last 5 as captain--to sign with the Minnesota Fighting Saints of the World Hockey Association. It was the last NHL game for Norm Ullman, who had come into the league with the Detroit Red Wings in 1955 and had been traded to the Maple Leafs in March 1968; he signed with the WHA's Edmonton Oilers after the season. It was also the final game as a Maple Leaf for Bill Flett, who had had a disappointing year in his only season with Toronto after several productive years with the Los Angeles Kings and Philadelphia Flyers.

Ken Dryden stopped all 37 shots and the Montreal Canadiens scored 2 goals in each of the last 2 periods as they blanked the Canucks before 15,570 fans at pacific Coliseum. Guy Lafleur broke the 0-0 tie at 4:06 of the 2nd period. Yvan Cournoyer scored later in the period, and Pete Mahovlich and Serge Savard scored in the 3rd period. Vancouver goalie Gary Smith made 20 saves.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
New England 1 @ Minnesota 6 (Minnesota won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Mike Walton scored 3 goals and an assist to lead the Fighting Saints over the Whalers before 11,870 fans at St. Paul Civic Centre. Gary Gambucci scored the series-winning goal with 2:37 remaining in the 1st period. Wayne Connelly and Don Tannahill scored the other Minnesota goals. Mike Byers ruined John Garrett's bid for a shutout with 8:41 remaining in the 3rd period.

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Conference Semi-Finals
Second Round
Boston 102 @ Houston 117 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Golden State 94 @ Seattle 111 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Rudy Tomjanovich scored 28 points and Mike Newlin added 26 and Calvin Murphy 22 as the Rockets beat the Celtics before 10,218 fans at Hofheinz Pavilion. Don Nelson led Boston with 21 points.

Fred Brown scored 37 points and Tom Burleson added 29 as the SuperSonics defeated the Warriors before 14,082 fans at Seattle Center Coliseum. Keith Wilkes led Golden State with 22 points, while the Seattle defense held Rick Barry to 11 points.

Baseball
Pete Rose and Dave Concepcion hit consecutive singles off Ken Forsch with 2 out in the 9th inning, driving home Ken Griffey and Dan Driessen, respectively, as the Cincinnati Reds, trailing 8-2 after 6 1/2 innings, rallied with 2 runs in the 7th, 1 in the 8th, and 3 in the 9th to defeat the Houston Astros 9-8 before 17,178 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cinncinnati. Houston catcher Milt May batted 4 for 4 with his first home run of the season, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in.

Tito Fuentes tripled in 2 runs in the 4th inning and Dave Winfield hit a 2-run home run in the 6th inning as the San Diego Padres beat the Atlanta Braves 8-2 before 4,714 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium in the NBC Game of the Week telecast. Winning pitcher Dave Freisleben allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in 8 1/3 innings. Losing pitcher Gary Gentry allowed 8 hits and 6 runs--3 earned--in the final start of his seven-year major league career.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Live is Life--Opus (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): We are the World--USA For Africa (3rd week at #1)

Terrorism
200 U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms and Federal Bureau of Investigation agents laid siege to the compound of the survivalist group The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord in Arkansas. The CSA surrendered two days later.

Defense
The U.S.S.R performed nuclear tests at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalatinsk.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Oi beibi/Tuhansien sulojen maa--Raptori (6th week at #1)

World events
The U.S.S.R. shut down three or four natural gas pipelines serving Lithuania.

Politics and government
Representatives of Nicaragua’s outgoing Sandanista regime, the Contra rebels, and the incoming government agreed to a cease-fire, to take effect the next day.

Environment
Canadian Fisheries Minister Bernard Valcourt said that the Halifax fishery should be pared down and year-round work provided, instead of seasonal work and unemployment insurance that destroyed the work ethic.

Five teenagers were charged in Simcoe, Ontario with setting a huge tire fire at the Tyre King Recycling dump in Hagersville, which had burned for 17 days in February, forcing 500 people from their homes.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Divisional Finals
Montreal 0 @ Boston 1 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Washington 3 @ New York Rangers 7 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

20 years ago
1995


Terrorism
The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was destroyed by a car bomb. 168 people, including 19 children were killed in the worst terrorist attack in U.S. history to date.

Politics and government
Report of the National Commission on the Future of Quebec - La Commission nationale sur l'avenir du Québec was published in Quebec City.

U.S. Senator Richard Lugar (Indiana) anounced his candidacy for the 1996 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States. Sen. Lugar was a former chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and was currently head of the Agriculture Committee.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the trade deficit had declined sharply in February to $9.01 billion.

In inter-day trading in New York, the U.S. dollar dipped briefly to less than 80 Japanese yen.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Ruth Hussey, 93
. U.S. actress. Miss Hussey was a stage actress who played supporting roles in movies such as Another Thin Man (1939); The Philadelphia Story (1940); and The Uninvited (1944).

George P. Cosmatos, 64. Italian-born movie director. Mr. Cosmatos' movies included The Cassandra Crossing (1976); Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985); Cobra (1986); Tombstone (1993); and Shadow Conspiracy (1997). He eventually settled in Victoria, British Columbia, where he died of lung cancer.

Religion
The Roman Catholic College of Cardinals named Joseph Ratzinger as the next pope, succeeding John Paul II. Cardinal Ratzinger took the name Benedict XVI.

Saturday, April 18, 2015

April 18, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Mila!

425 years ago
1590


Born on this date
Ahmed I
. Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1603-1617. Ahmed I succeeded his father Mehmed III at the age of 13; he died of typhus on November 22, 1617 at the age of 27 and was succeeded by his younger brother Mustafa I.

240 years ago
1775


War
Paul Revere rode from Charlestown to Lexington to warn Massachusetts colonists of the arrival of British troops during the American Revolution.

130 years ago
1885

Died on this date
Ted Firth, 29
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Firth, who had pitched a complete game and given up 8 earned runs with the Richmond Virginians of the American Association in his only major league game in 1884, was murdered.

75 years ago
1940


War
German troops captured the Norwegian fortresses of Oskarborg and Drobak in Oslo Fjord. The Japanese Army claimed a rout of Chinese forces in the province of Shangsi in northeastern China.

Diplomacy
Argentine President Roberto Ortez recalled the Argentine military mission to Berlin.

Protest
The All-India National Congress directed its committees to prepare for a declaration of civil disobedience.

Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate the Walter-Logan bill, which provided court review for rulings of 130 federal bureaus and agencies.

U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Ohio) declined to enter the Republican Party primary in Maryland, leaving New York City District Attorney Thomas Dewey as the only candidate there in the contest for the 1940 Republican nomination for President of the United States.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Wilhelm of Wied, 69
. Prince of Albania, 1914-1925. Wilhelm, a native of Germany, reigned as sovereign of the Principality of Albania from March 7, 1914 until September 3, 1914, when he went into exile, eventually returning to Germany. His reign officially ended on January 31, 1925 with the proclamation of the Albanian Republic.

Ernie Pyle, 44. U.S. journalist. Mr. Pyle was the most famous American war correspondent of World War II, and won a Pulitzer Prize for his reporting in 1944. He was killed on Ie Shima during the Battle of Okinawa when he was hit by a machine gun bullet.

War
Over 1,000 Allied bombers attacked the small German island of Heligoland. Germany was divided in two as spearheads of the 3rd U.S. Army drove into Czechoslovakia near Asch. German radio broadcasts reported that Soviet troops were within 14 miles of Berlin and were moving southward to outflank the city. U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur reported that his forces in the Philippines had rescued about 7,000 civilians--mostly Filipinos, but including Americans, Britons, and others--from the Japanese forces cornered at Baguio, Luzon since March 28. British troops captured Chauk, centre of one of Burma's richest oil-producing areas.

Diplomacy
The United States Senate ratified the Mexican water pact, guaranteeing Mexico 2.5 million acre-feet of water annually from the Colorado River, and giving the U.S.A. about 350,000 acre-feet from the Rio Grande.

World events
Brazilian Communist Luis Carlos Prestes was released after nine years in prison under a general amnesty signed by President Getulio Vargas.

60 years ago
1955


On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Ronald Howard and H. Marion Crawford
Tonight's episode: The Case of the Violent Suitor

Died on this date
Albert Einstein, 76
. German-born U.S. physicist. Dr. Einstein, one of the most famous scientists in history, was best known for his general theory of relativity, but received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect."

Diplomacy
Representatives from 29 countries met for the opening of the first Asian-African Conference began in Bandung, Indonesia.

50 years ago
1965


Basketball
NBA
Finals
Los Angeles 110 @ Boston 142 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Sam Jones scored 25 points and John Havlicek added 22 as the Celtics routed the Lakers at Boston Garden. Jerry West of Los Angeles led all scorers with 26 points, while Dick Barnett added 21 for the Lakers.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Free and Easy--Helen Reddy (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)

#1 single in Switzerland: Ding-A-Dong--Teach-In

Died on this date
Jack Burns, 67
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Burns was a first baseman with the St. Louis Browns (1930-1936) and Detroit Tigers (1936), batting .280 with 44 home runs and 417 runs batted in in 890 games. His best season was 1932, when he batted .305 with 11 homers and 80 RBIs. Mr Burns managed in the minor leagues and coached in the major leagues after his playing career.

Diplomacy
An international conference to update the 1949 Geneva Conventions ended in Geneva, Switzerland after delegates approved 77 articles aimed at protecting civilians in time of war.

Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau ended tax breaks for Canadians advertising on U.S. border television stations and in foreign-owned Canadian magazines.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
Minnesota 4 @ New England 0 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Toronto 3 @ San Diego 4 (San Diego led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Fran Huck's goal with 2:31 remaining in the 2nd period broke a 0-0 tie as the Fighting Saints beat the Whalers before 10,507 fans at Hartford Civic Centre. Wayne Connelly scored 2 goals in the 3rd period and Mike Walton another, while John Garrett stopped all 27 shots to win the goaltending duel over Al Smith.

Gene Peacosh's second goal of the game with 8:01 remaining in regulation time gave the Mariners their win over the Toros before 12,819 fans at San Diego Sports Arena. Frank Mahovlich opened the scoring for Toronto in the 1st period and Vaclav Nedomansky scored in the 2nd period to give the Toros a 2-0 lead, but the Mariners tied the game on goals by Mr. Peacosh and Mike Laughton, and Rick Adduono scored at 4:02 of the 3rd to give San Diego a 3-2 lead. Gavin Kirk tied the game for Toronto just 20 seconds later. The Mariners outshot the Toros 55-37, with 22 of their shots coming in the 3rd period. Ernie Wakely made 34 saves for San Diego, while Toronto's Jim Shaw made 51 saves in defeat.

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Conference Semi-Finals
First Round
Washington 102 @ Buffalo 108 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Chicago 100 @ Kansas City-Omaha 104 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Bob McAdoo scored 50 points and grabbed 21 rebounds to lead the Braves over the Bullets before 15,307 fans at War Memorial Auditorium.

Jimmy Walker scored 30 points--8 in overtime--to lead the Kings over the Bulls before 14,945 fans at Kemper Arena in Kansas City. Nate Archibald added 28 points for Kansas City-Omaha. Chicago's Bob Love led all scorers with 34 points. The Bulls trailed by as much as 14 points in the 2rd quarter, but tied the game with 4 points in the final 10 seconds of regulation time. Bob Wilson made a field goal with 10 seconds left to draw Chicago to within 94-92, but Kansas City-Omaha had an opportunity to put the game away when Mr. Archibald was fouled by Matt Goukas with 6 seconds left. Mr. Archibald missed both free throws, and Chicago's Chet Walker was fouled by Sam Lacey as time ran out. Mr. Walker made both free throws to tie the game 94-94.

Baseball
The Baltimore Orioles traded catcher and first baseman Earl Williams back to the Atlanta Braves for pitcher Jimmy Freeman and cash. Mr. Williams, who had yet to play in 1975, had played with the Braves from 1970-1972 before being traded to the Orioles. Mr. Freeman was with the Richmond Braves of the AAA International League at the time of the trade, and was assigned to the Rochester Red Wings of the IL.

Mike Anderson hit a home run and batted in 4 runs and Willie Montanez drove in 2 more with a double and homer as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Montreal Expos 6-3 before 21,274 fans at Jarry Park in the Expos' 1975 home opener.

Garry Maddox and Gary Matthews hit home runs and John Montefusco pitched a 7-hit complete game as the San Francisco Giants beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 3-1 before 53,060 fans at Dodger Stadium.

Pinch hitter Luis Melendez singled home Keith Hernandez with the winning run with 1 out in the bottom of the 13th inning as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-4 before 19,975 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Don Gullett pitched a 5-hit complete game and hit 2 singles as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Houston Astros 5-2 before 36,485 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

Lee May drove in 7 runs with a pair of 3-run home runs and a sacrifice fly as the Baltimore Orioles outlasted the Boston Red Sox 9-7 before 8,219 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Jim Rice hit 2 homers for Boston and Fred Lynn added another Boston homer.

Bobby Bonds hit his first American League home run and added 2 singles as the New York Yankees beat the Detroit Tigers 11-3 before 9,047 fans at Tiger Stadium. Ron Blomberg doubled and homered to help the Yankee cause. George Medich allowed 11 hits but no bases on balls in pitching a complete game victory.

Hank Aaron hit his first American League home run--a solo blast off Gaylord Perry--and singled in another run as the Milwaukee Brewers beat the Cleveland Indians 5-1 before 8,812 fans at Cleveland Municipal Stadium.

Amos Otis and Harmon Killebrew each hit home runs and Steve Busby pitched a complete game victory as the Kansas City Royals beat the Texas Rangers 5-3 before 23,080 fans at Arlington Stadium in Arlington, Texas.

30 years ago
1985

Hockey

NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Quebec 2 Montreal 1 (OT) (Quebec led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Winnipeg 2 @ Edmonton 4 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Baseball
Jim Rice’s home run with 2 out in the top of the 14th inning gave the Boston Red Sox a 4-3 win over the Kansas City Royals before 22,587 fans at Royals Stadium.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (8th week at #1)

Literature
W. O. Mitchell won the Stephen Leacock Humour Award for According to Jake and the Kid, published in 1989.

World events
The U.S.S.R. cut off the flow of crude oil into Lithuania.

Politics and government
Speaking to Parliament, South African President F.W. de Klerk rejected the idea of majority rule, which he said would result in Negro domination, but he endorsed the sharing of power between the races, which would include "the requirement of consensus on controversial matters." Mr. de Klerk said that the African National Congress would have to renounce violence before participating in negotiations on a new constitution.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S. merchandise trade deficit had fallen to $6.49 billion in February, the smallest monthly gap since 1983.

Baseball
Eddie Murray became the first major league player to hit a home run from each side of the plate in a game in both leagues as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the San Francisco Giants 6-2 before 22,022 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

20 years ago
1995


World events
The government of Rwanda began expelling refugees from camps in the southwestern part of the country, arguing that they were a destabilizing influence and that the camps were hiding places for soldiers who had participated in massacres in 1994.

Football
NFL
Joe Montana, 38, retired at a ceremony attended by 20,000 people in San Francisco. He played 14 seasons as a quarterback with the San Francisco 49ers and 2 seasons with the Kansas City Chiefs, leading the 49ers to four Super Bowl championships.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Sam Mills, 45
. U.S. football player and coach. Mr. Mills was a linebacker who starred at Montclair State College from 1977-1980. He failed in attempts to make the roster of the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League (1981) and Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League (1982) before playing with the Philadelphia and Baltimore Stars of the United States Football League (1983-1985), making the All-USFL team for all three seasons of the league's existence. Mr. Mills finally succeeded in the NFL with the New Orleans Saints (1986-1994) and Carolina Panthers (1994-1997), and was selected to four All-Pro teams and five Pro Bowl games. He was a linebacker coach with the Panthers after his playing days, and was still with the team when he died after a long battle with intestinal cancer. Mr. Mills' jersey #51 was retired by both the Saints and the Panthers.

Friday, April 17, 2015

April 17, 2015

225 years ago
1790


Died on this date
Benjamin Franklin, 84
. U.S. Founding Father. A signer of the Declaration of Independence, Mr. Franklin invented the lightning rod; bifocals; the Franklin stove; a carriage odometer; and the glass harmonica. He formed the first lending library in America and the first fire department in Pennsylvania, and was Postmaster General under the Continental Congress from 1775-1776. As a diplomat, he secured the alliance with France that helped to ensure the success of the American revolution. Mr. Franklin was said to have flown a kite in a thunderstorm in order to prove that lightning was electricity--and as the old joke says, thereby proved the existence of wind.

160 years ago
1855


Canadiana
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island was incorporated as a city.

125 years ago
1890

Baseball

The Players League--a major league intended to compete with the National League and American Association--was launched‚ with each club run by an 8-man board of 4 players and 4 backers. Gate receipts will be divided evenly between the home and visiting teams. The first $10‚000 profit was to go to the backers‚ the next $10‚000 was to be shared by all the players‚ and anything over that was to be divided between clubs and players.

120 years ago
1895


War
The Treaty of Shimonoseki between China and Japan was signed. This marked the end of the First Sino-Japanese War, and the defeated Qing Empire was forced to renounce its claims on Korea and to concede the southern portion of the Fengtien province, Taiwan, and the Pescadores Islands to Japan.

110 years ago
1905


Law
The Supreme Court of the United States ruled 5-4 in Lochner v. New York that the "right to free contract" was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.

75 years ago
1940


War
From their newly acquired bases in Norway, German planes raided Scapa Flow.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull issued a strong U.S. reply to the Japanese warning of two days earlier about the Netherlands East Indies. Mr. Hull said that any intervention in the affairs of the NEI "would be prejudicial to the cause of stability, peace and security...in the entire Pacific area."

Politics and government
The Japanese embassy in Shanghai revealed a proposal designed to provide Japan with control of the International Settlement Council.

Journalism
Australian Governor General Lord Gowrie announced that Communist publications would be censored, and those opposing the war effort would be prosecuted.

Economics and finance
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission President William M. Martin said that the broad scope of government power hindered government-industry cooperation.

70 years ago
1945


War
Canadian troops cleared the Germans out of Apeldoorn, Netherlands. After capturing Halle, U.S. troops entered the outskirts of Leipzig. Brazilian forces liberated the Italian town of Montese from Nazi forces. The Allies reported that half of Tokyo's useful military and industrial targets had been wiped out.

Diplomacy
Indian activist Mohandas Gandhi said that the delegation named to represent India at the San Francisco conference to found the United Nations was "worse than no representation."

Scandal
A Los Angeles court ruled that movie actor and director Charlie Chaplin was the father of 18-month-old Carol Ann, the daughter of aspring actress Joan Berry. Mr. Chaplin had been acquitted in 1944 of violating the Mann Act when he had been charged with transporting the underage Miss Berry across a state line for immoral purposes.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Rock and Roll Music/Honey Don't--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: La Nuit--Salvatore Adamo (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un anno d'amore--Mina (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Downtown--Petula Clark (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Ticket to Ride--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'm Telling You Now--Freddie and the Dreamers (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'm Telling You Now--Freddie and the Dreamers (2nd week at #1)
2 Game of Love--Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders
3 Stop! In the Name of Love--The Supremes
4 Shotgun--Jr. Walker and the All Stars
5 I Know a Place--Petula Clark
6 Can't You Hear My Heartbeat--Herman's Hermits
7 Tired of Waiting for You--The Kinks
8 The Clapping Song (Clap Pat Clap Slap)--Shirley Ellis
9 King of the Road--Roger Miller
10 Go Now!--The Moody Blues

Singles entering the chart were Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter by Herman's Hermits (#31); True Love Ways by Peter and Gordon (#72); Ticket to Ride by the Beatles (#76); Tommy by Reparata and the Delrons (#79); Shakin' All Over by the Guess Who (#81); What Do You Want with Me by Chad & Jeremy (#82); Sad Tomorrows by Trini Lopez (#84); Just a Little by the Beau Brummels (#86); I Gotta Woman (Part 1) by Ray Charles (#89); Apples and Bananas by Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra (#93); Try to Remember by Roger Williams (#97); Baby, Please Don't Go by Them (#98); Boo-Ga-Loo by Tom and Jerrio (#99); and Al's Place by Al Hirt (#100).

On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Douglas Wilmer and Nigel Stock, on BBC 1
Tonight's episode: The Bruce-Partington Plans

Disasters
1 person was killed and 47 injured when a Canadian Pacific Railway passenger train derailed near Terrace Bay, Ontario.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Chicago 2 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Yvan Cournoyer scored the winning goal for the Canadiens in their win over the Black Hawks at the Montreal Forum.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Bye Bye Baby--Bay City Rollers (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, 86
. 2nd President of India, 1962-1967. Vice President ot India, 1952-1962. Professor Radhakrishnan, a Brahmin, was one of India's most eminent Hindu philosophers before becoming a diplomat and then a politician, independent of any political party.

War
Khmer Rouge rebel troops captured the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, ending the country's five-year civil war.

Scandal
Former U.S. Treasury Secretary John Connally was acquitted of bribery charges.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Philadelphia 2 @ Toronto 0 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Pittsburgh 6 @ New York Islanders 4 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Buffalo 4 @ Chicago 5 (OT) (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Montreal 4 @ Vancouver 1 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Rick MacLeish passed to Gary Dornhoefer for the winning goal 3:08 into the 1st period and scored himself in the 2nd period, while Bernie Parent made 31 saves as the Flyers shut out the Maple Leafs before 16,485 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens. The Maple Leafs had 9 powerplays, including a 2-man advantage in the 1st period, but were unable to score.

J. Bob Kelly scored 2 goals as the Penguins built a 3-0 lead in the 2nd eriod and held on to defeat the Islanders before 14,865 fans at nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale. Each team scored 3 times in the 3rd period, and the teams combined for 4 goals in the final 2:19 of regulation time. With Pittsburgh leading 4-2, Bert Marshall scored for New York at 17:41 to make it 4-3. Syl Apps scored at 18:15 to make it 5-3, but Jude Drouin scored his second goal of the period with 52 seconds remaining to narrow the gap to 5-4. Lowell MacDonald scored the final goal into an empry net with 12 seconds left.

Stan MIkita scored at 2:31 of the 1st overtime period to give the Black Hawks their win over the Sabres before 16,666 fans at Chicago Stadium. Chicago led 3-2 after the 1st perod and 4-3 after the 2nd period, but Jim Schoenfeld scored to tie the game with 11:37 remaining in regulation time. The win proved to be the last for the Black Hawks in Stanley Cup comptition until 1980.

Jim Roberts, Bob Gainey, and Jacques Lemaire scored in the 2nd period as the Canadiens overcame a 1-0 1st-period deficit to defeat the Canucks before 15,570 fans in the first home playoff game in the Canucks' five-year history. John Gould scored for Vancouver 3:15 into the game. Guy Lafleur scored the final goal at 6:34 of the 3rd period. Ken Dryden made 36 saves to win the goaltending duel over Gary Smith.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
Phoenix 2 @ Quebec 4 (Quebec won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Cleveland 1 @ Houston 3 (Houston won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Marc Tardif scored with 5:40 remaining in regulation time to break a 2-2 tie and Serge Bernier scored into an empty net with 34 seconds left as the Nordiques eliminated the Roadrunners before 9,495 fans at Le Colisee.

Gordie Howe scored just 27 seconds into the game and Larry Lund scored later in the 1st period as the Aeros eliminated the Crusaders before 6,825 fans at Sam Houston Coliseum. Gerry Pinder scored for Cleveland in the 2nd period to make the score 2-1, but Ted Taylor scored an insurance goal in the 3rd period.

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Conference Semi-Finals
Second Round
Golden State 105 @ Seattle 96 (Golden State led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Rick Barry scored 33 points to lead the Warriors over the SuperSonics before 14,082 fans at Seattle Center Coliseum. Tom Burleson led Seattle with 25 points.

Baseball
Pitcher Juan Marichal announced his retirement from the Los Angeles Dodgers. Mr. Marichal played with the San Francisco Giants from 1960-1973, and was one of the best pitchers of the 1960s, with six seasons of 20 or more wins. He was involved in the decade's most notorious incident of on-field violence when he clubbed Dodgers' catcher Johnny Roseboro over the head with his bat during a game on August 22, 1965, when the teams were in the heat of the National League pennant race. Mr. Marichal was with the Boston Red Sox in 1974, but missed most of the season because of injury. The Dodgers signed him on March 15, 1975, but in 2 games he posted a record of 0-1 with an earned run average of 13.50, allowing 11 hits and 5 bases on balls in 6 innings. Mr. Marichal retired the day after starting against the Cincinnati Reds at Dodger Stadium and allowing 6 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 2 1/3 innings. He left the major leages with a career record of 243-142--a winning percentage of .631--and an earned run average of 2.89.

Carl Morton pitched a complete game and scored the winning run on a single by Mike Lum with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning as the Atlanta Braves edged the Houston Astros 2-1 before 3,123 fans at Atlanta Stadium.

The New York Mets scored 6 runs in the top of the 1st inning and 5 in the 6th as they beat the St. Louis Cardinals 14-7 before 12,004 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Lynn McGlothen started on the mound for St. Louis but lasted just 2/3 inning, allowing 5 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 6 runs--all earned. New York starting pitcher Jerry Koosman singled in 2 runs in the 1st inning before allowing 4 runs in the bottom of the 1st. He was relieved by Harry Parker with 1 out in the 2nd. Rusty Staub had 2 doubles and a single, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in for the Mets, while Ted Simmons hit a pair of 2-run home runs for the Cardinals.

The Montreal Expos scored 5 runs in the top of the 9th inning and withstood a 3-run rally in the bottom of the 9th as they beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-4 before 5,667 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Dave McNally pitched 8 2/3 innings for the win before Dale Murray came in to get the final out.

Willie Crawford's ground ball went between the legs of first baseman Dan Driessen for an error, bringing home Jim Wynn with the winning run with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th inning as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the Cincinnati Reds 5-4 before 27,835 fans at Dodger Stadium to complete a 3-game sweep of their series. Steve Garvey had a double and 4 singles for the Dodgers, and singled just prior to Mr. Crawford's grounder in the 11th.

Rick Monday hit a home run and batted in 5 runs as the Chicago Cubs edged the Philadelphia Phillies 10-9 before 6,259 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

The Texas Rangers scored 6 runs in the 5th inning as they beat the Chicago White Sox 7-3 before just 1,295 fans at White Sox Park. Deron Johnson hit his first home run in a Chicago uniform, a 2-run blast off Steve Foucault in the 9th inning.

30 years ago
1985


Law
Section 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms came into effect. It reads:

(1) Everyone has the right to equality before the law and to equal protection of the law without discrimination because of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age or sex.

(2) This section does not preclude any law, program or activity that has as its object the amelioration of conditions of disadvantaged persons or groups.


25 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Ralph Abernathy, 64
. U.S. clergyman and activist. Rev. Abernathy was a Baptist minister who was a close friend and associate of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. Rev. Abernathy succeeded Rev. King as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference after Rev. King's assassination in 1968 and led the SCLC until 1977.

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush warned that if the U.S.S.R. imposed an economic embargo on Lithuania, the United States would consider "appropriate responses."

Environment
Canadian Environment Minister Lucien Bouchard released draft rules forcing 90 pulp and paper mills to install secondary waste treatment plants. It was estimated that 50% of all waste was dumped into Canadian waters. The new rules would cost industry $5 billion.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.5% in March, equalling the increase reported for February.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Scatman (Ski-Ba-Bop-Ba-Dop-Bop)--Scatman John

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Believe--Elton John
2 I Know--Dionne Farris
3 O Siem--Susan Aglukark
4 No More "I Love You's"--Annie Lennox
5 Murder Incorporated--Bruce Springsteen
6 You Lose You Gain--John Bottomley
7 The Ballad of Peter Pumpkinhead--Crash Test Dummies
8 Strong Enough--Sheryl Crow
9 In the House of Stone--Martin Page
10 Wonderdrug--Jann Arden

Singles entering the chart were Bedtime Story by Madonna (#93); You Can Never Ask Too Much (Of Love) by Take 6 (#94); Red Light Special by TLC (#95); Hold On by Alan Frew (#96); Too Busy Thinking About My Baby by the Manhattan Transfer (with Phil Collins) (#97); and Heart of Gold by Lawrence Gowan (#98).

Thursday, April 16, 2015

April 16, 2015

100 years ago
1915


Died on this date
Nelson Aldrich, 73
. U.S. politician. Mr. Aldrich, a Republican, represented Rhode Island in the United States House of Representatives from 1879-1881 and in the Senate from 1881-1911. He served as chairman of the Senate Finance Committee from 1898-1911, earning the nickname "General Manager of the Nation." Mr. Aldrich's grandson, Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller, was Governor of New York from 1959-1973 and Vice President of the United States from 1974-1977.

90 years ago
1925


Terrorism
150 people, many from Bulgaria's political and military elite, were killed and 500 wounded during an assault by Communists on St. Nedelya Church in Sofia, Bulgaria. The attack took place during the funeral of General Konstantin Georgiev, who had been assassinated by Communists the previous day.

80 years ago
1935

Baseball

Babe Ruth made his National League debut, hitting a 430-foot, 2-run home run off Carl Hubbell, driving in another run with a double, and making a sensational shoestring catch in the outfield, as the Boston Braves defeated the New York Giants 4-2 at Braves Field. The crowd of 25,000 was the largest opening day crowd in Braves’ history to that point.

Fred Lindstrom lined a single off Dizzy Dean’s shin with runners on first and third bases in the 1st inning, knocking the St. Louis Cardinals’ ace pitcher out of the game, as the Chicago Cubs defeated the Cardinals 4-3 on opening day at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Wes Ferrell gave up just 2 hits as the Boston Red Sox opened the season with a 1-0 win over the New York Yankees at Yankee Stadium. 2 errors, one of them by losing pitcher Lefty Gomez, allowed Billy Werber to score the game’s only run in the 6th inning.

75 years ago
1940


Diplomacy
Shao Li-Tse was appointed Nationalist China's Ambassador to the U.S.S.R.

The U.S. State Department announced that diplomatic relations with Iceland would be established shortly.

Politics and government
Election results gave the Argentine Radical Party control of Argentina's Chamber of Deputies for the first time since 1930.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt met at the White House with Postmaster General James Farley, a candidate for the 1940 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States.

Law
The Egyptian cabinet drafted a law making espionage or treason punishable by death.

Baseball
Bob Feller became the only major league pitcher to pitch a no-hitter on opening day as the Cleveland Indians defeated the Chicago White Sox 1-0 before 14,000 fans at Comiskey park in Chicago. Edgar Smith took the loss.

U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt threw out the first ball at Griffith Stadium in Washington as the Nationals lost 1-0 to the Boston Red Sox. Winning pitcher Lefty Grove gave up just 2 hits.

20,187 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia saw the hometown Athletics upset the defending World Series champion New York Yankees 2-1 in 10 innings. Chubby Dean went the distance for his first major league complete game and drove in the winning run with a sacrifice fly. Red Ruffing took the loss. Bob Johnson hit a home run for Philadelphia’s first score.

49,517 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit went home disappointed as the Tigers opened the season with a 5-1 loss to the St. Louis Browns. George Coffman won the pitching duel over Bobo Newsom.

70 years ago
1945


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Remarkable Worm

War
Canadian forces took Groningen, Netherlands after a four-day battle. A German U-Boat torpedoed the Royal Canadian Navy minesweeper HMCS Esquimalt off Halifax. The Soviet Red Army began the final assault on German forces around Berlin, with nearly one million troops fighting in the Battle of the Seelow Heights. The United States Army liberated Nazi Sonderlager (high security) prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C (better known as Colditz). U.S. troops entered Nuremberg as Allied Supreme Commander General Dwight Eisenhower announced that victory would be announced when "all important enemy pockets on the western front" were destroyed. British and Indian troops occupied the Burmese port of Tangup, encountering little Japanese opposition. Tokyo was again struck by incendiary bombs dropped by Marianas-based U.S. superfortresses.

Disasters
Almost 7,000 German troops and civilians died when the German Kriegsmarine refugee freighter MV Goya was sunk by Soviet submarine L-3.

Diplomacy
U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden met in Washington with U.S. President Harry Truman.

Politics and government
U.S. President Harry Truman addressed a joint session of Congress and asked for continuation of the policies of the late President Franklin D Roosevelt. Mr. Truman promised prosecution of World War II to its conclusion; punishment of war criminals; and creation of the United Nations organization for "just settlement of international differences."

Education
The International Education Assembly adopted a resolution at its closing session calling for the San Francisco Conference to establish a permanent International Office of Education.

Business
The United States government started an antitrust suit in Danville, Illinois against A&P Company, charging that it had conspired to control food prices in restraint of trade and to gain a monopoly.

Economics and finance
U.S. cattle feeders and packers told a congressional food investigation committee that the Office of Price Administration was to blame for meat shortages.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mr Sandman--The Four Aces; The Chordettes (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Give Me Your Word--Tennessee Ernie Ford (8th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Ballad of Davy Crockett--Bill Hayes (Best Seller--4th week at #1); Sincerely--The McGuire Sisters (Disc Jockey--10th week at #1; Jukebox--7th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Ballad of Davy Crockett--Bill Hayes (4th week at #1)
2 The Crazy Otto--Johnny Maddox and the Rhythmasters
3 Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
4 Dance with Me Henry (Wallflower)--Georgia Gibbs
5 Tweedlee Dee--Georgia Gibbs
6 How Important Can it Be?--Joni James
--Sarah Vaughan
7 Melody of Love--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
--David Carroll and his Orchestra
--The Four Aces
8 Sincerely--The McGuire Sisters
9 Unchained Melody--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
--Al Hibbler
--Roy Hamilton
10 Play Me Hearts and Flowers (I Wanna Cry)--Johnny Desmond

Singles entering the chart were Roy Hamilton's version of Unchained Melody; Whatever Lola Wants, with versions by Sarah Vaughan and Dinah Shore (#22); Most of All (#30)/The Door is Still Open to My Heart (#40) by Don Cornell; Most of All by the Fontane Sisters (also #30); Don't Be Angry by the Crew-Cuts (#31); The Door is Still Open to My Heart by the Hilltoppers (also #40); It's a Sin to Tell a Lie by Somethin' Smith and the Redheads (#48); and Strange Lady in Town by Frankie Laine (#49). Strange Lady in Town was the B-side of Cool Water, which had entered the chart two weeks earlier at #32, had dropped to #47 a week later, and was now off the chart.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter--Herman's Hermits (3rd week at #1)
2 I Know a Place--Petula Clark
3 I'll Never Find Another You--The Seekers
4 Silhouettes--Herman's Hermits
5 I'm Tellin' You Now--Freddie & the Dreamers
6 Game of Love--Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders
7 The Birds and the Bees--Jewel Akens
8 Can't You Hear My Heartbeat--Herman's Hermits
9 Do You Wanna Dance?--The Beach Boys
10 Count Me In--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
Pick hit of the week: Reelin' and Rockin'--The Dave Clark Five
New this week: Three O'Clock in the Morning--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
Do the Freddie--Freddie and the Dreamers
Super-Cali-Fragil-Istic-Expi-Ali-Docious--Julie Andrews and Dick Van Dyke and the Pearlies
Queen of the House--Jodie Miller
Sometimes--Paul Revere and the Raiders
Georgie Porgie--Jewel Akens

Super-Cali-Fragil-Istic-Expi-Ali-Docious was from the movie Mary Poppins (1964).

40 years ago
1975


Diplomacy
Greek Prime Minister Constantine Karamanlis concluded his two-day visit to Paris. France agreed to sponsor Greece as a full member of the European Economic Community.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
San Diego 5 @ Toronto 6 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

The Mariners scored the first 2 goals and the last 2 goals, but the Toros outscored them 6-1 between those, and defeated the Toros before 10,197 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens. Wayne Dillon scored 2 goals and an assist for Toronto, with other goals coming from Lou Nistico, Tony Featherstone, Frank Mahovlich, and Gavin Kirk. Mike Laughton scored twice for San Diego, with his second goal coming with 25 seconds remaining in regulation time. Norm Ferguson, Gene Peacosh, and Brian Perry scored the other San Diego goal. For Mr. Perry, who had spent the regular season with the Syracuse Blazers of the North American Hockey League, it was the final goal of a mediocre professional career, and his only goal in a San Diego uniform.

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Conference Semi-Finals
First Round
Buffalo 96 @ Washington 111 (Washington led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Kansas City-Omaha 90 @ Chicago 93 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Second round
Houston 100 @ Boston 112 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Seattle 100 @ Golden State 99 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Elvin Hayes scored 30 points and Phil Chenier added 28 as the Bullets defeated the Braves before 19,035 fans at Capital Center in Landover, Maryland. Buffalo's Bob McAdoo led all scorers with 34 points, and Randy Smith added 26 for the Braves.

Bob Love scored 31 points and Tom Boerwinkle grabbed 24 rebounds to lead the Bulls over the Kings before 18,347 fans at Chicago Stadium. Nate Archibald led Kansas City-Omaha with just 18 points, but the Kings scored the game's last 8 points in the final 1:59 of regulation time.

Dave Cowens scored 28 points, John Havlicek 23, and Jo Jo White 21 as the Celtics beat the Rockets before 13,254 fans at Boston Garden. Houston's Calvin Murphy led all scorers with 30 points.

Spencer Haywood scored 28 points, including 2 free throws with 48 seconds remaining in regulation time, as the SuperSonics edged the Warriors before 12,787 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Arena. Fred Brown scored 26 points for Seattle, while Golden State's Rick Barry led all scorers with 29 points.

ABA
Playoffs
First Round
San Antonio 100 @ Indiana 115 (Indiana won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Billy Knight scored 33 points and grabbed 11 rebounds, while George McGinnis added 32 points, 22 rebonds, and a career-high 14 assists, as the Pacers eliminated the Spurs before 15,675 fans at Market Square Arena in Indianapolis. San Antonio's George Gervin led all scorers with 34 points.

Baseball
Fred Lynn hit 2 home runs and Carl Yastrzemski added another as the Boston Red Sox defeated the New York Yankees 4-2 before 8,854 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Rick Wise was the winning pitcher, pitching his first complete game in more than a year. Walt Williams homered for the Yankees in the 9th inning.

The Texas Rangers scored 3 runs in the top of the 1st inning, 5 in the 3rd, and 4 in the 7th as they beat the Chicago White Sox 14-4 before 2,159 fans at White Sox Park. The White Sox scored 4 in the bottom of the 1st to take a 4-3 lead, but rookie Texas pitcher Jim Umbarger replaced starter Jim Bibby with 1 out in the inning, and pitched 7 2/3 innings of shutout ball, allowing 5 hits, to gain his first major league win. Chicago starter Wilbur Wood allowed 8 hits and 7 runs--4 earned--in 2+ innings to take the loss. Texas center fielder Willie Davis batted 3 for 6 with a double and his first American League home run, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in.

Harmon Killebrew hit his 560th career major league home run--and first in a Kansas City uniform--to help the Royals defeat the Oakland Athletics 6-2 before 13,080 fans at Royals Stadium. Nelson Briles pitched a 5-hit complete game for the victory, while Oakland starter Vida Blue allowed 6 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 3 1/3 innings in taking the loss.

Manny Trillo hit his first major league home run--a 3-run blast off Steve Carlton--as the Chicago Cubs scored 5 runs in the top of the 1st inning en route to a 9-3 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 8,294 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Bill Bonham pitched a 5-hit complete game for the win over Mr. Carlton, who allowed 7 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 2+ innings.

Steve Garvey singled home Rick Auerbach with the bases loaded and 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Los Angeled Dodgers a 7-6 come-from-behind win over the Cincinnati Reds before 36,578 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Dodgers were trailing 6-2 when Jim Wynn hit a grand slam off Pat Darcy in the 7th inning to tie the score. The Reds scored the game's first 4 runs--2 on a home run by Tony Perez--in the top of the 3rd against Los Angeles starting pitcher Juan Marichal, who allowed 6 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 4 earned runs in 2 1/3 innings in what turned out to be the final game of his Hall of Fame career.

Woodie Fryman pitched a 5 hit shutout and hit a double, and Larry Parrish hit his first major league home run, as the Montreal Expos blanked the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-0 before 4,807 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in the first Expos Baseball telecast on CBC for 1975. Mr. Parrish, a rookie third baseman, homered in the 2nd inning off losing pitcher Dock Ellis, who allowed 7 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 3 innings. The win was the first for Mr. Fryman since coming to the Expos from the Detroit Tigers in an off-season trade.

The Iowa Oaks scored 3 runs in the top of the 8th inning as they came from behind to edge the defending champion Tulsa Oilers 4-3 before 2,151 fans in Tulsa in the American Association regular season opener for both clubs. Tulsa pitchers Ken Reynolds, Ken Crosby (who was tagged with the loss), and Mike Proly allowed 11 bases on balls, while the Oaks used 6 pitchers. Ramon de los Santos, the third Iowa pitcher of the game, pitched 1/3 of an inning in the 7th and was credited with the win. Tulsa catcher Rich Billings suffered a dislocated shoulder while making a putout in a collision at home plate, and was lost for most of the season.

Eric Raich pitched a 7-hit complete game victory as the Oklahoma City 89ers defeated the Indianapolis Indians 5-1 in the American Association season opener before 1,474 fans at Bush Stadium in Indianapolis. Santo Alcala started on the mound and allowed 5 hits and 4 runs--3 earned--in 5 innings in taking the loss. Mac Scarce, sent to Indianapolis after being acquired the previous day by the parent Cincinnati Reds in a trade with the New York Mets, took the mound to start the 8th inning, but was removed after allowing 2 hits and an earned run in just 1/3 inning.

The Omaha Royals scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning as they rallied from a 4-2 deficit to defeat the Wichita Aeros before 7,025 fans at Rosenblatt Stadium in Omaha in the American Association season opener for both teams.

Jerry Manuel singled home pinch runner Bruce Kimm with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Evansville Triplets edged the Denver Bears before 1,637 fans in Evansville in the American Association season opener for both clubs. Evansville catcher John Wockenfuss had led off the inning by reaching first base by being hit by a pitch from Rich Hinton. Mr. Kimm went in to run for Mr. Wockenfuss and was trapped in a rundown between first and second bases while Ron Cash was at bat, but Denver second baseman Hugh Yancy made a throwing error, allowing Mr. Kimm to reach second, from where he scored the winning run. Mr. Yancy had doubled in 2 runs in the top of the 8th as the Bears had rallied for 3 runs to tie the game 4-4. Evansville first baseman Jack Pierce hit a 2-run home run in the 6th inning.

30 years ago
1985


Died on this date
Scott Brady, 60
. U.S. actor. Mr. Brady, born Gerard Kenneth Tierney, was known for appearing in numerous western movies and television programs.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 1 Boston 0 (Montreal won best-of-five series 3-2)

25 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Janet Adkins, 54
. U.S. medical patient. Ms. Adkins, a Michigan resident who had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in 1989, was the first "assisted suicide" victim of mad scientist "Dr." Jack Kevorkian.

Disasters
An explosion caused by a leaking gas cylinder killed at least 80 people travelling on a commuter train travelling near Kumrahar, Hihar, India.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Winnipeg 1 @ Edmonton 4 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Minnesota 2 @ Chicago 5 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Baseball
The Milwaukee Brewers amassed 20 hits, but oddly, no home runs, as they whipped the Boston Red Sox 18-0 before 35,478 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Teddy Higuera was the winning pitcher over Mike Boddicker.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Scatman (Ski-Ba-Bop-Ba-Dop-Bop)--Scatman John (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Arthur English, 75
. U.K. actor. Mr. English was best known for playing Mr. Harman in the television comedy series Are You Being Served? (1976-1985).

Environment
Canada signed a deal in Brussels with the European Union, ending a bitter dispute over fishing rights in the North Atlantic Ocean. Both sides said the agreement would protect threatened fish stocks.

Curling
The Kerry Burtnyk rink, representing Canada, defeated the Muirhead rink of Scotland 4-2 in the final to win the men's world championship.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Kay Walsh, 93
. U.K. actress. Miss Walsh was an English stage actress whose movies included In Which We Serve (1942); This Happy Breed (1944); Oliver Twist (1948); Stage Fright (1950); The Horse's Mouth (1958); and A Study in Terror (1965). She was married to director David Lean from 1940-1949.