Monday, August 18, 2014

August 19, 2014

200 years ago
1814


War
In the War of 1812, British forces began their move toward Washington, D.C., as troops landed at Benedict, Maryland and warships began sailing up the Potomac River.

175 years ago
1839


Technology
The French government announced that Louis Daguerre's photographic process was a gift "free to the world."

160 years ago
1854


War
The First Sioux War began in Nebraska Territory (present-day Wyoming) when United States Army soldiers led by Second Lieutenant John Grattan killed Lakota chief Conquering Bear and were massacred in return.

100 years ago
1914


Diplomacy
The Ottoman-Bulgarian alliance was signed in Sofia.

80 years ago
1934


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Bryan Hall!

Politics and government
The German people voted to make Adolf Hitler their Fuehrer, combining the offices of President and Chancellor. The turnout of eligible voters for the plebiscite was about 95%, and 90%--about 38 million--voted their approval of Mr. Hitler’s usurpation of absolute power. Only about 4.25 million Germans voted against it.

Auto racing
The first All-American Soap Box Derby was held in Dayton, Ohio. The winner was Robert Turner of Muncie, Indiana.

Baseball
Before a record crowd of 46,995 at Fenway Park in Boston, the Red Sox lost a doubleheader to the Detroit Tigers, 8-6 and 4-3. Moose Solters of the Red Sox hit for the cycle in the opener against winning pitcher General Crowder.

75 years ago
1939

Baseball

Ted Williams hit his first major league grand slam to help the Boston Red Sox to an 8-6 win over the Washington Nationals in the first game of a doubleheader before 7,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. The Nationals won the second game 2-1.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Swinging on a Star--Bing Crosby (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Henry Wood, 75
. U.K. orchestra conductor. Sir Henry was best known as conductor of the annual series of promenade concerts in London known as the Proms from 1895 until his death. The concerts are now named in his honour.

War
More than 20,000 members of the French Force of the Interior revolted against the rearguard German garrison in Paris. Allied commander General Dwight Eisenhower moved to the support of the French force. U.S. 3rd Army tanks reached the suburbs of Paris. Allied forces freed the French towns of St. Maximin and La Roquebrusanne on their way to Marseilles. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that War Production Board Chairman Donald Nelson and Major General Patrick Hurley would leave for China soon on special missions. Soviet troops took Kolomiya, the principal German bulwark defending the southern approaches in East Prussia. Japanese forces were driven from Assam in northeastern India after air-supported British tropps and Chindits led a successful offensive against them. Chinese troops in the province of Hupeh along the Yangtze River gained to the north in the direction of Kiangling and south toward Hwajung and Owchikhow.

Labour
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered 99 more west coast machine plants seized when workers persisted in refusing to work 48 hours per week.

60 years ago
1954


Died on this date
Alcide De Gasperi, 73
. Prime Minister of Italy, 1945-1953. Mr. De Gasperi, one of the founders of the Italian People's Party and founder of the Christian Democracy Party, held various cabinet posts before becoming Prime Minister, where his eight years in office set a remarkable standard for postwar Italian politics. Mr. De Gaspari was regarded as one of the founding fathers of the European Union. He died two months after resigning as leader of the Christian Democrats.

50 years ago
1964


Space
The U.S.A. launched the communications satellite Syncom 3.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-2) 16 @ British Columbia (3-0-1) 27

The Roughriders rallied from a 14-3 deficit to take a 16-14 lead with 7 minutes remaining in the game before 35,618 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver, but B.C. quarterback Joe Kapp completed an 80-yard touchdown pass to Willie Fleming to put the Lions ahead to stay. Rookie B.C. fullback Bob Swift scored 2 touchdowns in the 1st half and added a third TD in the last 40 seconds of the game.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Evie--Stevie Wright

Died on this date
Roger Davies
. U.S. diplomat. Mr. Davies, the U.S. Ambassador to Cyprus, along with an embassy secretary who had rushed to his aid, was shot and killed in the midst of a demonstration in Nicosia of Greek Cypriots who were expressing their bitterness at being defeated by Turkish forces armed with U.S. weapons.

Politics and government
Greece's Supreme Council of National Defense, dominated by civilian cabinet officers, fired 10 key generals and appointed new generals to top service posts. The move was part of the purge of people who had been involved with the military junta that had ruled Greece from 1967-1974.

Law
U.S. President Gerald Ford, in an address in Chicago to the Veterans of Foreign Wars, said that he favoured "leniency" for the nation's estimated 50,000 draft dodgers as a move to "bind up the nation's wounds." Mr. Ford's statement marked a reversal of the policy of his predecessor, Richard Nixon. Mr. Ford opposed "unconditional blanket amnesty," but he ordered a study to find a way in which young men who had refused to fight in the Vietnam War could "work their way back" to full citizenship, and disclosed that he had directed Attorney General William Saxbe and Defense Secretary James Schlesinger to report to him by September 1 on the status of men charged with draft evasion or desertion. In response to Mr. Ford's statement, Ray Soden, National Commander of the 1.8-million member VFW, said that his organization would remain opposed to any kind of amnesty.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-3) 6 @ Edmonton (3-1) 23

Tom Wilkinson set a league record for passing percentage in a single game (.905), completing 19 of 21 passes, including touchdowns to Don Warrington and Calvin Harrell, and Roy Bell rushed for 186 yards as the Eskimos defeated the defending Grey Cup champion Rough Riders before 21,966 fans, including this blogger, at Clarke Staium. Garry Lefebvre led the Eskimos with 7 receptions for 55 yards. It was the fourth and last CFL game for Edmonton cornerback Jodie Carter, who was beaten by Ottawa receivers for several big plays.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Toute première fois--Jeanne Mas

#1 single in Switzerland: Self Control--Laura Branigan (8th week at #1)

World events
A Ugandan government spokesman acknowledged that 15,000 people had been killed in political and tribal violence in that country since President Milton Obote had come to power in 1980.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (6-1) 19 @ Hamilton (1-5-1) 11
Saskatchewan (1-5-1) 11 @ Calgary (3-4) 32

Calgary receiver Mike Levenseller set a team single-game record and a CFL best for the season with 14 receptions in the Stampeders' win over the Roughriders at McMahon Stadium. On the last play of the game he made his 14th reception, but fumbled, and Roughrider defensive back Steve Johnson returned it 99 yards for Saskatchewan’s only touchdown of the game. After the game, Mr. Levenseller was unsuccessful in attempting to persuade Mr. Johnson to let him have the ball.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): You Got It (The Right Stuff)--New Kids on the Block (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Lambada--Kaoma (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Viva la Mamma--Edoardo Bennato (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): We Are Growing (Shaka Zulu)--Margaret Singana (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx
2 On Our Own--Bobby Brown
3 Cold Hearted--Paula Abdul
4 I Like It--Dino
5 Once Bitten Twice Shy--Great White
6 Don't Wanna Lose You--Gloria Estefan
7 Hangin' Tough--New Kids on the Block
8 The End of the Innocence--Don Henley
9 Batdance--Prince
10 Secret Rendezvous--Karyn White

Singles entering the chart were Cherish by Madonna (#55); When I Looked at Him by Expose (#70); What I Like About You by Michael Morales (#80); When the Radio is On by Paul Shaffer (#82); Let Go by Sharon Bryant (#85); It's No Crime by Babyface (#88); and Let the Day Begin by the Call (#90).

Radio
Radio Caroline, the offshore pirate station in the North Sea, was raided by the British and Dutch governments.

World events
Several hundred East Germans crossed the frontier between Hungary and Austria during the Pan-European Picnic, part of the events that began the process of the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Crime
Colombian President Virgilio Barco reinstated a decree that permitted drug lords to be extradited to the United States for trial. Colombian police and army units confiscated more than $125 million in property, including hundreds of planes and houses, as well as helicopters and yachts, from the traffickers. The action came the day after hitmen assassinated anti-drug presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galan.

Politics and government
Polish President Wojciech Jaruzelski chose Tadeusz Mazowiecki, one of three people suggested by Solidarity trade union leader Lech Walesa, to be the new Prime Minister of Poland, the first non-Communist Prime Minister in 42 years.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (16th week at #1)

Died on this date
Linus Pauling, 93
. U.S. chemist. Dr. Pauling was awarded the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances" and the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize "for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing". He lost a libel suit against National Review when the magazine, in 1962, accused him of being a "fellow traveller" in sympathy with Soviet Communism. Dr. Pauling received his reward, however, when he was one of seven winners of the 1968-1969 International Lenin Peace Prize from the U.S.S.R. In his later years, Dr. Pauling was a prominent advocate of the use of large amounts of vitamin C for health and longevity.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Bill Clinton announced that he was ending the 28-year U.S. policy of allowing Cuban refugees to take up U.S. residence if they could reach the country. He said that refugees would now be picked up at sea and put in holding camps at the U.S. military base at Gunatanamo Bay, Cuba or in the United States.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (3-4) 15 @ Calgary (6-1) 54

The Stampeders, behind quarterback Doug Flutie, took a 41-0 lead in the 3rd quarter as they routed the Roughriders before 29,044 fans at McMahon Stadium. Calgary defensive back Marvin Coleman returned a kickoff 77 yards for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter.

10 years ago
2004


Business
The Internet search engine Google held an initial public offering, but the demand for shares was lower than expected. The price of shares was $85, lower than the $108-$135 range originally targeted.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (4-5) 31 @ Ottawa (4-5) 19

August 18, 2014

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Union forces attempted to cut a vital Confederate supply-line into Petersburg, Virginia, by attacking the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad in the Battle of Globe Tavern.

130 years ago
1884

Baseball

The Philadelphia Athletics pounded the Baltimore Orioles 20-1 in an American Association game at Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia. Harry Stovey led the attack with 3 triples (2 in the 8th inning) and 2 singles.

Having clinched the Eastern League pennant three days earlier with a 51-12 record, the Wilmington Quicksteps were admitted to the Union Association as a replacement for the recently-departed Philadelphia Keystones.

120 years ago
1894


Politics and government
The United States Congress established the Bureau of Immigration, forerunner of the Immigration and Naturalization Service.

100 years ago
1914


War
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson issued his Proclamation of Neutrality, aimed at keeping the United States out of World War I.

Politics and government
A special fourth session of the Parliament of Canada met, ending August 22. Operating under the War Measures Act it set up the Canadian Patriotic Fund to assist soldiers' dependents.

70 years ago
1944


War
U.S. troops in France drove to within 12 miles of Paris as they reached the suburbs of Versailles. Meanwhile, U.S. forces in southern France took Sollies-Pont and approached Brignoles in a drive for Marseilles. Soviet Red Army troops in Poland took over Sandomierz, south of Warsaw.

Diplomacy
The Ecuadorian Assembly voted to deny the United States military bases or other privileges in the Galapagos Islands.

World events
British authorities in Palestine fined residents of a Jersualem suburb $2,000 for the attempted assassination of British High Commissioner to Israel Sir Harold MacMichael.

Politics and government
New York Governor and Republican Party presidential candidate Tom Dewey named John Foster Dulles as his representative to meet with U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull for discussions on postwar security plans.

60 years ago
1954


Football
WIFU-ORFU
Pre-season
Edmonton (2-1) 28 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (0-1) 6

WIFU-IRFU
Pre-season
Hamilton (2-1) 12 @ British Columbia (0-2) 0

Edmonton quarterback Bernie Faloney suffered a knee injury in the Eskimos' win over the Dutchmen before a record Kitchener crowd of 4,500. Five different players scored Edmonton touchdowns, while Joe Amadeo scored the Kitchener-Waterloo touchdown.

50 years ago
1964


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellites Cosmos 38, Cosmos 39, and Cosmos 40.

Olympics
The International Olympic Committee, meeting in Lausanne, Switzerland, announced that South Africa had been barred from participating in the 1964 Summer Olympic games in Tokyo because of South Africa's racial policies of apartheid.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-2-1) 20 @ Ottawa (2-1) 46

Ron Stewart scored 2 touchdowns and Russ Jackson threw touchdown passes to Whit Tucker and Ted Watkins as the Rough Riders beat the Blue Bombers before 17,768 fans at Lansdowne Park. Linebacker Ken Lehmann returned an interception for an Ottawa TD, and fullback Dave Thelen rushed for another. Winnipeg defensive back Dick Thornton broke his ankle and was lost for the remainder of the season.

40 years ago
1974


War
Turkey's unilateral cease-fire in Cyprus took effect, with Turkey in control of about 40% of the island.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Fotoromanza--Gianna Nannini

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Two Tribes--Frankie Goes To Hollywood

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Careless Whisper--George Michael

#1 single in the U.K.: Careless Whisper--George Michael

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr. (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr. (2nd week at #1)
2 When Doves Cry--Prince
3 What's Love Got to Do with It--Tina Turner
4 State of Shock--The Jacksons with Mick Jagger
5 Stuck on You--Lionel Richie
6 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
7 I Can Dream About You--Dan Hartman
8 Breakin'...There's No Stopping Us--Ollie & Jerry
9 Missing You--John Waite
10 Infatuation--Rod Stewart

Singles entering the chart were Torture by the Jacksons (#47); I Just Called to Say I Love You by Stevie Wonder (#67); Bop 'Til You Drop by Rick Springfield (#69); Are We Ourselves? by the Fixx (#75); Lucky Star by Madonna (#77); Caribbean Queen by Billy Ocean (#84); The More You Live, the More You Love by A Flock of Seagulls (#86); The Last Time I Made Love by Joyce Kennedy and Jeffrey Osborne (#87); Next Love by Deniece Williams (#88); and Straight from the Heart (Into Your Life) by the Coyote Sisters (#90). I Just Called to Say I Love You was from the movie The Woman in Red (1984), and went on to win the 1984 Academy Award for Best Original Song.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 When Doves Cry--Prince (2nd week at #1)
2 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr.
3 What's Love Got to Do with It--Tina Turner
4 Sad Songs (Say So Much)--Elton John
5 Almost Paradise...Love Theme from Footloose--Mike Reno and Ann Wilson
6 Self Control--Laura Branigan
7 Sister Christian--Night Ranger
8 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
9 Jump (For My Love)--Pointer Sisters
10 Romancing the Stone--Eddy Grant

Singles entering the chart were Cover Me by Bruce Springsteen (#79); Are We Ourselves? by the Fixx (#92); We're Not Gonna Take It by Twisted Sister (#96); and Go Insane by Lindsey Buckingham (#98).

Football
CFL
Edmonton (3-4) 24 @ Montreal (3-4) 44

The Concordes rolled up a 37-6 lead at Olympic Stadium before the Eskimos scored 3 unconverted touchdowns in the fourth quarter to make the score a little less lopsided.

Baseball
Juan Berenguer pitched 8 1/3 innings and struck out 12 as the Detroit Tigers defeated the Seattle Mariners 4-3 before 36,719 fans at Tiger Stadium. Kirk Gibson hit his 20th home run of the season for the Tigers, a 3-run shot.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Toy Soldiers--Martika

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das Omen (Teil I)--Mysterious Art (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Luis Carlos Galan, 45
. Colombian politician. A senator and presidential candidate, Mr. Galan was a vocal opponent of drug dealers and exporters. He was fatally shot by hitmen at a rally in Soacha, a suburb of Bogota. Mr. Galan was leading the polls for the 1990 presidential election.

Diplomacy
Aleksandr Yakovlev, the Soviet Communist Party official in charge of foreign policy, said that the 1939 Hitler-Stalin pact that resulted in Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania being absorbed into the U.S.S.R. had contained secret protocols, and he condemned the agreement as a "deviation from Leninist principles."

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.2% in July for the second consecutive month.

Business
Michael Knighton bought Manchester United for L20,000 in the biggest takeover deal in the history of British football.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (4-2) 40 @ Hamilton (5-1) 46

Mike Kerrigan threw 5 touchdown passes for the Tiger-Cats, 3 to Tony Champion. Roughriders' quarterback Tom Burgess completed 25 of 49 passes for 420 yards and 5 touchdown passes of his own (including 2 each to Jeff Fairholm and Don Narcisse), but also threw 3 interceptions. The teams combined for 5 touchdowns in a wild fourth quarter, when Saskatchewan outscored Hamilton 23-15.

Baseball
The New York Yankees fired manager Dallas Green and replaced him with Bucky Dent. It was the 17th managerial change since George Steinbrenner bought the team in 1973. The Yankees were mired in 5th place in the American League East Division with a record of 58-65 when the change was made.

Andre Dawson got his 2,000th major league hit, but his Chicago Cubs fell 6-5 to the Houston Astros before 31,987 fans at the Astrodome, giving up 2 runs in each of the 8th and 9th innings.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): 7 Seconds--Youssou N'Dour and Neneh Cherry

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the trade deficit in goods and services had been $9.37 billion in June.

Sport
The XV Commonwealth Games, with 3,300 participants from 64 nations, opened in Victoria, British Columbia.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (5-2) 44 @ Sacramento (3-4) 15

Damon Allen rushed for 2 touchdowns and passed to Mike Lee for a 75-yard TD as the Eskimos beat the Gold Miners before 13,959 fans at Hornet Field. Henry "Gizmo" Williams added to the Edmonton total with a 93-yard punt return for a touchdown. The Gold Miners scored both their touchdowns in the 3rd quarter on a 1-yard rush by Troy Mills and a 28-yard interception return by Jason Wallace.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Hiram Fong, 97
. U.S. politician. Mr. Fong, a Republican, was one of the first two representatives of Hawaii in the United States Senate, serving from 1959-1977.

Elmer Bernstein, 82. U.S. composer. Mr. Bernstein won an Academy Award for his score for Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967). Other movies for which he composed scores included Robot Monster (1953); The Man with the Golden Arm (1955); The Ten Commandments (1956); Sweet Smell of Success (1957); The Magnificent Seven (1960); Summer and Smoke (1961); The Great Escape (1963); The Age of Innocence (1993); and Far from Heaven (2002).

World events
Iraqi Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, who had moved his army into a mosque in Najaf on August 5, announced that he would leave the mosque and transform his army into a political group.

Politics and government
Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon suffered a setback when his Likud Party voted against his plan to form a coalition with the opposition Labour Party. Mr. Sharon required Labour's support to follow through with his plan to unilaterally withdraw Jewish settlements from the Gaza Strip.

Saturday, August 16, 2014

August 17, 2014

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate forces commanded by Colonel Andrew Harris defeated Union troops commanded by Captain John Jackson Dickison in the Battle of Gainesville near Gainesville, Florida.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Bill Downs
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Downs was a reporter for CBS from 1942-1962 and ABC from 1963 until his death from layryngeal cancer on May 3, 1978 at the age of 63.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr. U.S. politician. Mr. Roosevelt, the fifth child of the 32nd President of the United States, was born at the family's summer home on Campobello Island, New Brunswick. He represented New York's 20th District in the United States House of Representatives from 1949-1955 as a member of the Liberal Party, and later as a Democrat. Mr. Roosevelt died on August 17, 1988, his 74th birthday.

War
German forces commanded by General Hermann von François defeated the Russian force commanded by General Paul von Rennenkampf in the Battle of Stallupönen near modern-day Nesterov, Russia. It was the frist battle on the Eastern Front in World War I.

80 years ago
1934


Crime
Millionaire brewer John Labatt was freed unharmed three days after being abducted at gunpoint from his home in London, Ontario by three men in Canada's first recorded kidnapping for ransom. The kidnappers never received the ransom of $150,000.

Baseball
The New York Yankees and Detroit Tigers split a doubleheader before 46,571 fans at Yankee Stadium. Lefty Gomez picked up his 20th win of the season for the Yankees in winning the opener 5-0; Schoolboy Rowe won his 14th while striking out 11 in the second game as the Tigers won 2-0. He gave up just 3 hits in winning his 14th straight decision.

The Philadelphia Athletics and Chicago White Sox split a doubleheader at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Ed Coleman hit 3 consecutive home runs for the Athletics as they won the first game 9-8 in 10 innings. Ted Lyons allowed 4 hits, including Jimmie Foxx’s 38th home run of the season, in pitching the White Sox to a 3-2 win in the second game.

75 years ago
1939

Baseball

The Cincinnati Reds, down 6-1 in the 4th inning, came back to defeat the Chicago Cubs 7-6 in 10 innings. Backup shortstop Dick West singled in the winning run before 26,699 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Günther von Kluge, 61
. German military officer. Field Marshal Kluge, an Iron Cross winner in World War I, committed suicide by taking cyanide after being recalled from France to Berlin for a meeting with German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. Field Marshal Kluge was known for his opposition to Mr. Hitler and apparently believed that he would be suspected of being a participant in the unsuccessful July 20 assassination attempt against Mr. Hitler.

War
As American troops in France puched toward Paris on a 70-mile front, the cities of Orleans, Dreux, Chartres, and Chateaudun were freed. Allied units in southern France advanced up to 35 miles with the capture of Draguigan. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt told a press conference in Washington that Germany and Japan would be occupied by Allied forces. The United States War Department reported American casualties for the first two months of fighting in France through August 6 totalled 16,434 dead, 76,535 wounded, and 19,704 missing. Soviet forces reached the frontier of East Prussia along the Sesupe River in western Lithuania. In one of World War II's greatest fire raids, nearly 1,200 U.K. Royal Air Force planes dropped 70,000 incendiary bombs on Kiel and Stettin.

Diplomacy
U.K. Indian Viceroy Viscount Wavell rejected a request by Mohandas Gandhi to discuss Indian support for the British war effort in return for immediate independence for India.

Defense
U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson said that "the present war will not end wars," and proposed universal military training.

Economics and finance
U.S. Office of Price Administration Director Chester Bowles said that prices would be held in tight check in the reconversion and postwar periods "to prevent the mistakes of 1918-1919."

Health
The U.S. National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis said that outbreaks of the disease had reached epidemic proportions in New York, North Carolina, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.

60 years ago
1954


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Barn Burning, starring Peter Cookson, E.G. Marshall, James Reese, and Beatrice Straight

This was the 270th and last episode of the series, which had broadcast its first episode on March 1, 1949.

Died on this date
Billy Murray, 77
. U.S. singer. Mr. Murray, known as the "Denver Nightingale," was one of the most popular singers in the United States in the early 20th century, in vaudeville, and especially, in recordings. He made his first recordings on cylinders in 1897, and continued into the electronic era, making his last recordings in 1943.

50 years ago
1964


Edmontonia
Jasper Place, which was over $8 million in debt, ceased to be a city and became part of the city of Edmonton, adding 38,000 residents to Edmonton's population. Jasper Place Mayor Ken Newman lost his job as a result, and shortly thereafter announced his intention to seak a seat on Edmonton's city council in the October 1964 civic election.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (0-3) 6 @ Calgary (2-2) 39

Rookie halfback Lu Bain scored 2 touchdowns as the Stampeders routed the Eskimos before 14,000 fans at McMahon Stadium. Calgary quarterback Eagle Day led an offense that amassed 179 yards rushing and 248 yards passing, while the Calgary defense limited the Edmonton offense to 135 total yards. Calgary fullback Lovell Coleman returned a kickoff 105 yards from 20 yards deep in the Stampeder end zone to the Eskimo 25-yard line. Edmonton's Bill Mitchell set a professional football record with a 58-yard field goal, breaking the CFL record of 55 yards set by George Fleming of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers just 10 days earlier. The U.S. record was 56 yards, set by Bert Rechichar of the Baltimore Colts in 1953. Calgary offensive halfback Jim Dillard broke his ankle, putting him on the injured list for the next two months, while Edmonton defensive end Duane Cook, a former Stampeder, suffered a career-ending knee injury in just his third game as an Eskimo.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Band On The Run--Paul McCartney & Wings (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Rock Your Baby--George McCrae

#1 single in the U.K.: When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace (7th week at #1)
2 Evie--Stevie Wright
3 Would You Lay with Me in a Field of Stone?--Judy Stone
4 The Streak--Ray Stevens
5 The Loco-Motion--Grand Funk
6 The Entertainer--Marvin Hamlisch
7 Slipstream--Sherbet
8 My Girl Bill--Jim Stafford
9 Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes
10 Devil Gate Drive--Suzi Quatro

Singles entering the chart were Walking by Hush (#35); Beyond Tomorrow by Perry Como (#36); Rock Your Baby by George McCrae (#37); There Won't Be Anymore by Charlie Rich (#38); and Always Yours by Gary Glitter (#39).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Feel Like Makin' Love--Roberta Flack
2 The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace
3 (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
4 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--Elton John
5 Sideshow--Blue Magic
6 Takin' Care of Business--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
7 Please Come to Boston--Dave Loggins
8 Tell Me Something Good--Rufus
9 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton
10 Call on Me--Chicago

Singles entering the chart were I Honestly Love You by Olivia Newton-John (#68); Kings of the Party by Brownsville Station (#83); Steppin' Out (Gonna Boogie Tonight) by Tony Orlando and Dawn (#88); Live it Up (Part 1) by the Isley Brothers (#91); Tin Man by America (#95); As Soon as I Hang Up the Phone by Loretta Lynn and Conway Twitty (#97); Stop and Smell the Roses by Mac Davis (#98); Ain't No Love in the Heart of the City by Bobby Bland (#99); and Another Love by Ian Lloyd and Stories (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--Elton John (2nd week at #1)
2 The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace
3 Feel Like Makin' Love--Roberta Flack
4 Annie's Song--John Denver
5 Sideshow--Blue Magic
6 (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
7 Takin' Care of Business--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
8 Rikki Don't Lose that Number--Steely Dan
9 Please Come to Boston--Dave Loggins
10 Radar Love--Golden Earring

Singles entering the chart were It's Only Rock 'N Roll (But I Like It) by the Rolling Stones (#76); A New Rock and Roll by Mahogany Rush (#79); I Saw a Man and He Danced with His Wife by Cher (#83); You Haven't Done Nothin' by Stevie Wonder (#86); Many Rivers to Cross by Nilsson (#88); Pepper Box by the Peppers (#89); Put Out the Light by Joe Cocker (#90); You're Welcome, Stop on By by Bobby Womack (#91); Sweet Home Alabama by Lynyrd Skynyrd (#92); Don't Change Horses (In the Middle of a Stream) by Tower of Power (#93); Roses are Red by Wednesday (#95); Tin Man by America (#96); Do it Baby by the Miracles (#97); Sugar Lump by Leon Heywood (#98); Earache My Eye (Featuring Alice Bowie) by Cheech & Chong (#99); and Second Avenue by Tim Moore (#100).

Calgary's top 10
1 The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace (4th week at #1)
2 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--Elton John
3 Wildwood Weed--Jim Stafford
4 (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
5 Wild Thing--Fancy
6 Please Come to Boston--Dave Loggins
7 Takin' Care of Business--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
8 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation
9 Annie's Song--John Denver
10 Feel Like Makin' Love--Roberta Flack
Pick hit of the week: I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton

World events
The number of arrests of associates of Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie by the country's de facto military regime since August 9 was now over 150.

30 years ago
1984

Football

CFL
Winnipeg (6-1) 46 @ Ottawa (3-5) 17

Baseball
The Detroit Tigers, behind the pitching of Milt Wilcox, beat the Seattle Mariners 6-2 at Tiger Stadium. The crowd of 36,496 enabled the Tigers to set a team single-season attendance record of over 2.03 million (so far).

25 years ago
1989

Disasters

Hundreds of people may have been killed in an explosion at a secret missile installation 60 miles south of Baghdad.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (5-1) 39 @ Ottawa (0-6) 4

Tracy Ham threw touchdown passes to Keith Wright, Craig Ellis, and Reggie Taylor, and Mr. Taylor rushed for another major. The statistics were as lopsided as the score. The Eskimos amassed 39 first downs to the Rough Riders’ 7; the Eskimos outrushed Ottawa 261 yards to 32, and outpassed the Rough Riders 325-88. Net offense was 586 for Edmonton, 99 for Ottawa. Former Eskimo quarterback Damon Allen completed just 6 of 29 passes for 88 yards and an interception. Reggie Taylor, who sat out the fourth quarter, rushed 19 times for 158 yards. Prime Minister Brian Mulroney was among the 21,413 in attendance at Lansdowne Park who witnessed the slaughter.

Baseball
The Baltimore Orioles scored 8 runs in the bottom of the 4th inning as they beat the Toronto Blue Jays 11-6 before 40,147 fans at Memorial Stadium. Baltimore shortstop Cal Ripken played in his 1,208th consecutive game, moving past Steve Garvey into third place on the list.

20 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Luigi Chinetti, 93
. Italian-born U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Chinetti raced in the 24 Hours of Le Mans race from the early 1930s through the early 1950s, participating with the winning team in 1932, 1934, and 1949.

Jack Sharkey, 91. U.S. boxer. Mr. Sharkey, born Joseph Paul Zukauskas, was a leading heavyweight contender in the late 1920s and early 1930s, losing to former world champion Jack Dempsey in a controversial knockout in 1927 and losing to Max Schmeling on a foul in a fight for the vacant world title in 1930. Mr. Sharkey won the title from Mr. Schmeling in a hotly-disputed split decision in 1932, and lost the title a year later to Primo Carnera by a 6-round knockout. He compiled a record of 38-14-3 in a professional career that ran from 1924-1936, and was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1994, several months before his death.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-5) 1 @ Winnipeg (5-2) 46

Matt Dunigan and Sammy Garza each threw 2 touchdown passes and defensive end Keilly Rush returned a fumble 30 yards for another TD as the Blue Bombers routed the Rough Riders before 21,308 fans at Winnipeg Stadium.

10 years ago
2004


Football
CFL
Winnipeg (3-6) 6 @ Toronto (6-3) 14

August 16, 2014

75 years ago
1939

Popular culture

The Hippodrome Theater in New York City closed for the last time, after 34 years of operation.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
Variety reported the most popular songs in the United States as:
1 Swinging on a Star
2 I'll Be Seeing You
3 I'll Walk Alone

War
Allied troops were reported to be firmly entrenched on France's southern coast, penetrating up to 8 miles at various points. Soviet troops in Poland entered Ossow, 7 miles northeast of Warsaw, but retreated in the face of strong German counterattacks.

Defense
The first test flights of the German Junkers Ju 287 bomber prototype took place.

Politics and government
New York Governor and Democratic Party presidential candidate Thomas Dewey said that the Soviet plan for postwar world domination by the U.S.S.R., U.S.A., U.K., and France was one of "imperialism which would coerce smaller nations."

Economics and finance
The U.S. State Department ordered the freezing of Argentine gold stocks.

Law
The U.S. House of Representatives approved and sent to the White House an amendment to the Soldier Vote Act ending censorship of reading matter.

Academia
The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Education named Dr. Francis Brown to head a committee of 12 educators to survey the needs of American colleges and recommend legislation to provide aid.

60 years ago
1954


Journalism
The first issue of Sports Illustrated was published by Time, Inc.

Football
WIFU-IRFU
Pre-season
Edmonton (1-1) 18 @ Ottawa (1-1) 19
Toronto (0-2) 2 @ Winnipeg (2-0) 19
Montreal (2-1) 11 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 1
Hamilton (1-1) 5 @ Calgary (2-0) 12

50 years ago
1964


World events
A coup d'état replaced Dương Văn Minh with General Nguyễn Khánh as President of South Vietnam. A new constitution was established, with aid from the U.S. Embassy.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes (5th week at #1)

World events
Turkish military forces completed a division of Cyprus, declared a unilateral cease-fire, and announced readiness to resume talks in Geneva with the United Kingdom and Greece on the political future of Cyprus. Turkish Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit declared that Turkey was now in a position "where the foundations have been laid for a new federal state of Cyprus in which the rights and security of the Turkish Cypriots would be guaranteed." Greek Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis rejected Turkey's proposal to resume peace talks and also rejected an invitation to go to the United Sttes to discuss the Cyprus crisis with U.S. President Gerald Ford. Referring to Turkey's military division of the island, Mr. Karamanlis stated that it would be naive for anyone to think Greece would "negotiate under the pressure of a fait accompli."

Politics and government
Ethiopia's armed forces, who had taken virtual control of Addis Ababa on June 28, stripped 82-year-old Emperor Haile Selassie of more of his powers. As a squadron of jets flew over the capital city and tanks, armoured cars, and troop carriers paraded through the streets, the military abolished the emperor's crown council, court of justice, and military council as arrests of his closest associates continued.

Scandal
U.S. President Gerald Ford, acting through counsel Philip Buchen, ordered that documents and tapes of White House conversations during the administration of President Richard Nixon be held in White House custody until all legal issues were resolved regarding the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up.

Swimming
Cindy Nicholas crossed Lake Ontario in 15 hours, breaking the old record by nearly three hours

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (0-3) 13 @ Saskatchewan (3-1) 24

Pete Watson rushed for 99 yards--including a 79-yard touchdown--and George Reed added 95 to lead the Roughriders over the Blue Bombers before 16,552 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. The 4th quarter featured 2 interceptions, 2 lost fumbles, a fake field goal attempt, and a blocked field goal, with the most spectacular play being a 112-yard interception return for a touchdown by rookie Winnipeg defensive back Merv Walker with 3:05 remaining in the game.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 30 (CHED)
1 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr. (2nd week at #1)
2 She Bop--Cyndi Lauper
3 Sad Songs (Say So Much)--Elton John
4 Stuck on You--Lionel Richie
5 Missing You--John Waite
6 What's Love Got to Do with It--Tina Turner
7 When Doves Cry--Prince
8 Drive--The Cars
9 If This is It--Huey Lewis and the News
10 Lights Out--Peter Wolf
11 I'm Free--Kenny Loggins
12 Rock Me Tonight--Billy Squier
13 She's Mine--Steve Perry
14 The Warrior--Scandal
15 Let's Go Crazy--Prince and the Revolution
16 Legs--ZZ Top
17 I Can Dream About You--Dan Hartman
18 Dancing with Tears in My Eyes--Ultravox
19 Run Runaway--Slade
20 Must I Always Remember--The Box
21 Right By Your Side--Euruthmics
22 Panama--Van Halen
23 Go for Soda--Kim Mitchell
24 My Oh My--Slade
25 Lovers in a Dangerous Time--Bruce Cockburn
26 Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood
27 Infatuation--Rod Stewart
28 Cover Me--Bruce Springsteen
29 Only When You Leave--Spandau Ballet
30 Hard Habit to Break--Chicago

Diplomacy
Poland, in a diplomatic note, asked the United States to begin direct talks on the lifting of sanctions, which the note said had "harmed the entire people of Poland.’

Scandal
A sensational trial in Los Angeles concluded with the acquittal of automobile executive John DeLorean on charges that he had conspired to distribute cocaine worth $24 million.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Minä olen muistanut--Kim Lönnholm (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Licence to Kill--Gladys Knight (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Amanda Blake, 60
. U.S. actress. Miss Blake played Miss Kitty on the long-running CBS television series Gunsmoke from 1955-1974.

Technology
A solar flare created a geomagnetic storm that affected microchips, leading to a halt of all trading on the Toronto Stock Exchange.

Scandal
New York Yankees’ outfielder Luis Polonia was arrested in his hotel room for having sex with a 15-year-old girl. He was sentenced to 60 days in jail after the season.

Football
CFL
Calgary (3-3) 24 @ Winnipeg (3-3) 27

Sean Salisbury completed 27 of 39 passes for 355 yards, and threw 2 touchdown passes to Terry Cochrane to lead the Blue Bombers over the Stampeders at Winnipeg Stadium. James Murphy of Winnipeg led the receivers with 6 receptions for 156 yards.

Baseball
Tom Drees pitched his third no-hitter of the season for the Vancouver Canadians‚ beating Las Vegas 5-0 in the 7-inning opener of a Pacific Coast League doubleheader. He had pitched consecutive 1-0 no-hitters‚ beating the Calgary Cannons in 9 innings (May 23rd) and the Edmonton Trappers in 7 (May 28th). After the game tonight, his record for the season stood at 12-11.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Carl Mydans, 97
. U.S. photographer. Mr. Mydans worked for the U.S. Farm Security Administration during the Depression of the 1930s, but became famous after becoming one of Life magazine's first photographers in 1936. He and his wife Shelley covered World War II, and were both interned by the Japanese in the Philippines, and later China, from 1941-1943. Mr. Mydans remained with Life for the remainder of that magazine's existence as a newsmagazine (through 1972), and was listed as a contributing photographer when Life was relaunched as a monthly magazine several years later.

Ivan Hlinka, 54. Czech hockey player and coach. Mr. Hlinka, a centre, was one of Czechoslovakia's top players in the 1970s, helping Czechoslovakia to world championships in 1972, 1976, and 1977. He played with the Vancouver Canucks from 1981-1983 before returning to Europe. Mr. Hlinka coached the Czech Republic to the gold medal in the Winter Olympics in 1998 and the men's world championship in 1999. He returned to the National Hockey League as head coach of the Pittsburgh Penguins in 2000-2001 and led the team to the Eastern Conference finals, but was fired after the Penguins lost their first 4 games the following season. Mr. Hlinka was killed in a car accident on a highway in the Czech Republic.

Robert Quiroga, 34. U.S. boxer. Mr. Quiroga compiled a record of 20-2 in a professional career that ran from 1987-1995, and was the International Boxing Federation world super flyweight champion from 1990-1993. He was stabbed to death by Richard Merla, with whom he had been playing cards that night.

Defense
U.S. President George W. Bush announced that he would withdraw about one-third of U.S. forces stationed overseas--about 70,000 troops--from Europe and Asia over the next decade.

Politics and government
More than 1,000 delegates elected an Iraqi congress, and selected a 100-member committee to oversee elections. The assembly would have veto power over decrees enacted by the interim government.

Disasters
Dozens of residents were left stranded after flash floods struck the village of Boscastle in Cornwall, England.

Friday, August 15, 2014

August 15, 2014

Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Janet & Tim Sproule!

130 years ago
1884


Baseball
The Wilmington Quicksteps clinched the Eastern League pennant with a record of 51-12.

125 years ago
1889


Transportation
The Murray Bay Canal opened, connecting the Bay of Quinte to Lake Ontario.

Baseball
The Cleveland Spiders defeated the Boston Beaneaters 19-8‚ and became the first team in National League history to score in all 9 innings in a game. Larry Twitchell had a 6-for-6 day at the plate with a single‚ double‚ 3 triples‚ and a home run off losing pitcher Mike Madden. The 5 extra-base hits tied a record set in 1885. Mr. Twitchell also pitched to 2 batters in the 3rd inning before returning to the outfield.

100 years ago
1914


Died on this date
Martha "Mamah" Borthwick, 45
. U.S. murder victim. Ms. Borthwick, a married woman who had left her husband to have an affair with architect Frank Lloyd Wright, was living at Mr. Wright's Wisconsin home, Taliesin, and was one of seven people murdered by Julian Carlton, a servant of Mr. Wright's who killed his victims with an ax after setting fire to the living quarters. Mr. Wright was in Chicago at the time.

War
The First Russian Army, led by General Paul von Rennenkampf, entered East Prussia. The Battle of Cer began in Serbia between Austria-Hungary and Serbia.

Transportation
The Panama Canal opened to traffic with the transit of the U.S. cargo ship SS Ancon.

80 years ago
1934

Baseball

The New York Yankees ended the Detroit Tigers’ 14-game winning streak with an 8-2 win at Yankee Stadium as Johnny Broaca won the pitchers' duel over Tommy Bridges.
http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1934/B08150NYA1934.htm

75 years ago
1939

At the movies

The premiere screening of The Wizard of Oz (1939) took place at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood.

Disasters
13 Stukas dove into the ground during an air practice at Neuhammer, Germany. There were no survivors.

70 years ago
1944


War
Allied forces landed in southern France between Marseilles and Nice in Operation Dragoon, meeting little opposition.

World events
The American Red Cross announced in Washington that it was equipping 10 hospitals of 500 beds each for the civilian population of freed areas in the U.S.S.R.

Economics and finance
The Canadian Parliament passed the Farm Improvement Loans Act--guaranteeing bank loans to farmers of up to $3,000 for equipment, stock, electric, drainage, fencing, etc.--and the Agricultural Prices Support Act, setting up a board with a $200-million revolving fund for all but wheat.

Labour
About 500 of 1,800 German prisoners of war employed at the U.S. Army Ordnance Depot in Stockton, California called off a strike begun the previous day in protest against the U.S. War Department's order increasing the work day to nine hours.

American Federation of Labor President William Green announced that the International Typographical Union had completed the process of reaffiliation with the AFL after a four-year absence.

60 years ago
1954


Politics and government
Alfredo Stroessner took office as President of Paraguay after an army coup, beginning a dictatorship that ran until February 3, 1989.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Hard Day's Night/Things We Said Today--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ce Monde--Richard Anthony

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): In ginocchio da te--Gianni Morandi (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Liebeskummer lohnt sich nicht--Siw Malmkvist (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Do Wah Diddy Diddy--Manfred Mann

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Everybody Loves Somebody--Dean Martin

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Everybody Loves Somebody--Dean Martin
2 Where Did Our Love Go--The Supremes
3 A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles
4 Rag Doll--The 4 Seasons
5 Wishin' and Hopin'--Dusty Springfield
6 Under the Boardwalk--The Drifters
7 The Little Old Lady (From Pasadena)--Jan & Dean
8 C'mon and Swim--Bobby Freeman
9 Because--The Dave Clark Five
10 I Wanna Love Him So Bad--The Jelly Beans

Singles entering the chart were Baby I Need Your Loving by the Four Tops (#74); Mabelline by Johnny Rivers (#77); Some Day We're Gonna Love Again by the Searchers (#83); He's in Town by the Tokens (#88); Always Together by Al Martino (#92); Let Me Love You by B.B. King (#96); Michael by Trini Lopez (#98); Father Sebastian by the Ramblers (#99); and Someone, Someone by Brian Poole and the Tremeloes (#100).

Football
CFL
Montreal (2-0) 21 @ Toronto (1-1) 13

Gerry Philp, George Dixon, and Ted Page scored touchdowns for the Alouettes as they defeated the Argonauts before 30,769 fans at CNE Stadium. Jackie Parker scored a touchdown for Toronto, giving him 701 career points, and becoming the first player to reach that total.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): If Ma Could See Me Now--The Times (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Yuk Young-soo, 48
. South Korean First Lady, 1963-1974. Ms. Yuk, the wife of President Park Chung-hee, was killed by a bullet apparently intended for her husband while he was delivering a Liberation Day speech in Seoul. The assassin was Mun Se-gwang, a North Korean sympathizer living in Japan.

War
Greek Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis told the Greek people that Greece would not go to war with Turkey over Cyprus, saying that armed opposition was impossible because of distance as well as Turkey's overwhelming military advantage.

Politics and government
Philip Buchen was appointed counsel to U.S. President Gerald Ford.

Football
WFL
Southern California (3-3) 18 @ Houston (2-3-1) 7

McLean Stevenson, co-star of the television comedy series M*A*S*H, was the guest commentator on the TVS telecast. This was the only WFL game that this blogger ever saw on TV.

30 years ago
1984

Politics and government

The Iranian parliament dismissed five cabinet ministers, including the defense minister, possibly because of dissatisfaction with the progress of the war against Iraq. The dismissed ministers were accused of financial mismanagement, inefficiency, and nepotism.

Terrorism
The Kurdistan Workers' Party in Turkey started a campaign of armed attacks upon the Turkish military with an attack on police and gendarmerie bases in Şemdinli and Eruh

Baseball
Pete Rose returned to the Cincinnati Reds when he was acquired in a trade with the Montreal Expos for infielder Tom Lawless. The Reds immediately named Mr. Rose their new manager, replacing Vern Rapp. Mr. Rose also remained an active player.

Dan Petry improved his record for 1984 to 15-5 as the Detroit Tigers defeated Tommy John and the California Angels 8-3 before 33,940 fans at Tiger Stadium. Dave Bergman led the Detroit attack with 2 triples and 3 runs batted in.

The Cleveland Indians swept a doubleheader from the Toronto Blue Jays 16-1 and 4-3 in 13 innings before 6,101 fans at Cleveland Stadium.

25 years ago
1989

War

The foreign ministers of Syria and Iran met with their Lebanese allies in Damascus for a council of war, seeking to form a united front aimed at toppling the Christian "clique" in East Beirut. Pope John Paul II denounced the "genocide" in Lebanon and singled out Syria as a culprit.

Politics and government
The South African cabinet confirmed F.W. de Klerk as acting President, to serve until national elections scheduled for September. Mr. de Klerk’s first crisis was growing protests by Negroes across the nation aimed at ending apartheid, and upgrading the quality of health care for Negroes.

Football
CFL
Toronto (3-3) 11 @ British Columbia (1-5) 16

Darrell Wallace returned the opening kickoff 91 yards for a touchdown to give the Lions the lead at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver, but the Argos struck back with a touchdown pass from Gilbert Renfroe to Jeff Boyd at 4:40 of the first quarter, producing a 7-7 tie. There were no further touchdowns.

Baseball
While pitching to Tim Raines of the Montreal Expos in the 6th inning of his second start since returning to the San Francisco Giants after cancer treatment, Dave Dravecky broke his arm. The Giants held on for a 3-2 win before 24,490 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal, but Mr. Dravecky, who was credited with the win, never pitched again.

The Seattle Mariners edged the Texas Rangers 2-0 before 11,330 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle, despite getting only 1 hit off losing pitcher Charlie Hough. Mr. Hough walked 5, committed a balk, and threw a wild pitch. The Rangers collected 13 hits, but no runs.

20 years ago
1994


Terrorism
Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, the Venezuelan-born terrorist better known as "Carlos the Jackal," was extradited to France, the day after being captured in Sudan. He was wanted in France for the 1975 murders of two French counterintelligence agents and a French government informant. French Interior Minister Charles Pasqua said that Carlos had claimed to have killed 83 people.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Sune Bergström, 88
. Swedish biochemist. Professor Bergström shared the 1982 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Bengt Samuelsson and John Vane "for their discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related biologically active substances."

Politics and government
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez survived a recall referendum by a margin of 59%-41%. Opposition parties protested the result, claiming the vote was rigged.

Thursday, August 14, 2014

August 14, 2014

300 years ago
1714


Born on this date
Claude Joseph Vernet
. French artist. Mr. Vernet, one of several painters in the Vernet family and a relative of Sherlock Holmes, was known for his paintings of French seaports. He died on December 3, 1789 at the age of 75.

125 years ago
1889

Baseball

The Chicago White Stockings scored 10 runs in the 8th inning to put away the Philadelphia Phillies 19-7 at West Side Park in Chicago.

100 years ago
1914


War
The Battle of Lorraine, a French offensive designed to recover the lost province of Moselle from Germany, began. Volunteers of the Princess Patricia's Own Light Infantry, first contingent from western Canada, left for the European front.

80 years ago
1934


Crime
Millionaire brewer John Labatt was abducted at gunpoint from his home in London, Ontario by three men, who asked for a ransom of $150,000 in Canada's first recorded kidnapping for ransom.

Baseball
The largest weekday crowd in history--79,000--saw the Detroit Tigers sweep a doubleheader from the New York Yankees at Yankee Stadium by scores of 9-5 and 7-3. Schoolboy Rowe’s win in the second game was his 13th in a row. He allowed just 4 hits, including Lou Gehrig’s 37th home run of the season.

75 years ago
1939

Baseball

30,000 were in attendance to see the Chicago White Sox defeat the St. Louis Browns 5-2 in the first night game ever played at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 4 runs in the 9th inning to defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 9-8 before 23,044 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati and complete a comeback from a 7-0 deficit. Lew Riggs singled in the winning run with the bases loaded after Dick West had driven in 2 runs with his first major league hit.

70 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Murder by Remote Control

Literature
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer announced that the winner of its first annual prize novel competition was Green Dolphin Street by Elizabeth Goudge.

War
Canadian forces finally drove German troops from the French town of Falaise; Allied forces closed the German escape route to 12 miles between Argentan and Falaise, and subjected the gap to artilery fire, slowing the escape of an estimated 100,000 Geman troops. Almost 3,000 U.S. and U.K. planes attacked Germn targets.

Politics and government
Former Montreal mayor Camillien Houde was liberated from Camp Petawawa, Ontario after four years of detention for openly expressing Fascist sympathies.

Diplomacy
The Soviet delegation in Washington rejected a postwar police force and instead proposed an international police air force made up of volunteers from all nations, subject to the authority of the U.S.S.R., U.S.A., U.K., and France.

Economics and finance
U.S. War Production Board chairman Donald Nelson ordered production of civilian goods resumed "where local conditions" permitted, to use manpower and plants where war production had been reduced.

Labour
An estimated 25,000 drivers and handlers returned to work in eight Midwestern U.S. states, following the U.S. government's seizure of 103 motor freight lines which had refused a National War Labor Board directive to give them a wage increase of 7c per hour.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Happy Wanderer--Frank Weir and his Orchestra; Obernkirchen Children's Choir (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sh-Boom--The Crew-Cuts (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1); Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen (Jukebox--7th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sh-Boom--The Crew-Cuts (2nd week at #1)
--The Chords
2 The Little Shoemaker--The Gaylords
--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra
3 Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen
4 Hernando's Hideaway--Archie Bleyer
5 Three Coins in the Fountain--The Four Aces
6 The High and the Mighty--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
--LeRoy Holmes and his Orchestra
--Victor Young and his Orchestra
--Johnny Desmond
7 Hey There--Rosemary Clooney
8 The Happy Wanderer--Frank Weir and his Orchestra
9 In the Chapel in the Moonlight--Kitty Kallen
10 Goodnight, Sweetheart, Goodnight--The McGuire Sisters
--Sunny Gale

Singles entering the chart were Angels in the Sky by Tony Martin (#19); Italian Hucklebuck by Lou Monte (#32); Cara Mia by David Whitfield with Mantovani and his Orchestra (#38); and To Ev'ry Girl--To Ev'ry Boy (The Meaning Of Love) by Johnnie Ray (#40).

Died on this date
Hugo Eckener, 86
. German aviator. Dr. Eckener became famous throughout the world in the 1920s and '30s as commander of the Graf Zeppelin and a designer of other airships. He opposed the Nazis and fell into disfavour and obscurity when they came to power in Germany in 1933. Dr. Eckeer died four days after his 86th birthday.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles (5th week at #1)
2 Lucky Star--Rick Nelson
3 Such a Night--Elvis Presley
4 The House of the Rising Sun--The Animals
5 Ain't She Sweet--The Beatles
6 Everybody Loves Somebody--Dean Martin
7 It Hurts to Be in Love--Gene Pitney
8 I Should Have Known Better--The Beatles
9 Come Home Little Girl--Bobby Curtola
10 C'mon Everybody--Elvis Presley
Pick hit of the week: It Hurts to Be in Love--Gene Pitney
New this week: Lonely Corner--Rick Nelson
Huntington Beach--Van Doren
Welcome Welcome Home--Anita Bryant
Willie and the Hand Jive--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
Pretty Woman--Roy Orbison
Where Did Our Love Go--The Supremes

Died on this date
Johnny Burnette, 30
. U.S. musician. Mr. Burnette, a rockabilly performer, was best known for his hit singles Dreamin' and You're Sixteen, both from 1960. He was killed when his unlit fishing boat was struck by a cabin cruiser on Clear Lake, California, and he was knocked overboard and drowned.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 37.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-2) 10 @ Ottawa (1-1) 13
British Columbia (2-0-1) 17 @ Saskatchewan (2-1) 2

Russ Jackson completed 2 touchdown passes to Ted Watkins and the Ottawa defense made two goal-line stands as the Rough Riders edged the defending Grey Cup champion Tiger-Cats before 21,665 fans at Lansdowne Park. Hamilton tight end Stan Crisson scored his first CFL touchdown on a 64-yard pass from Bernie Faloney.

Bob Swift and Ron Morris scored touchdowns as the Lions beat the Roughriders before 17,787 fans, a record crowd for Taylor Field in Regina. The Roughriders offense drove inside the Lions' 25-yard line five times, only to be prevented from scoring. The only Saskatchewan points came late in the 1st quarter when B.C. punter Neal Beaumont was tackled in his own end zone by Larry Dumelie for a safety touch. Saskatchewan punter Martin Fabi left the field on a stretcher late in the game after being hit by Mr. Beaumont, prompting Saskatchewan head coach Bob Shaw to accuse the B.C. defensive back of deliberately kneeing Mr. Fabi.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes (5th week at #1)

War
The second Turkish invasion of Cyprus began. Greece withdrew her military forces from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, claiming that NATo had done nothing to curb Turkish aggression.

Politics and government
Robert Stanfield announced that he would resign as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canda after a leadership convention. Mr. Stanfield had led the party since 1967, but had failed to lead them to victory in three consecutive federal elections, most recently on July 8, 1974.

Disasters
49 of 50 people aboard a Venezuelan airliner were killed when it crashed on the Caribbean island of Margarita during a violent rainstorm.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-3) 6 @ Toronto (2-2) 17
British Columbia (3-1) 18 @ Calgary (1-3) 20

The Toronto defense sacked Hamilton quarterback Chuck Ealey 9 times as the Argonauts beat the Tiger-Cats before 33,157 fans at CNE Stadium. The Argonauts scored the game's only touchdown on a 31-yard pass from Mike Rae to Peter Muller in the 3rd quarter.

Howard Starks intercepted a Don Moorhead pass and returned it 70 yards for a touchdown with exactly 2 minutes remaining in the game to give the Stampeders their win over the Lions before 19,000 fans at McMahon Stadium. B.C. running back Lou Harris rushed for 113 yards and caught a 27-yard pass from Mr. Moorhead for a touchdown. Calgary quarterback Peter Liske completed 19 of 32 passes for 32 yards, while Gene Thomas led the Calgary rushing attack with 64 yards and a touchdown.

WFL
Jacksonville (2-4) 26 @ Florida (5-1) 33
Portland (0-5-1) 16 @ New York (4-2) 38
Memphis (4-2) 37 @ Detroit (0-6) 7
Hawaii (1-5) 0 @ Birmingham (6-0) 39
Philadelphia (3-3) 29 @ Chicago (5-1) 32

The original Chicago radio broadcast of most of the game between the Fire and the Bell on WJJD-FM can be downloaded here.

30 years ago
1984


Died on this date
J. B. Priestley, 89
. U.K. author and playwright. Mr. Priestley was known for novels such as Benighted (1928) and The Good Companions (1929) and plays such as Dangerous Corner (1932) and An Inspector Calls (1945).

Spud Davis, 79. U.S. baseball player. Virgil Davis was a catcher with the St. Louis Cardinals (1928, 1934-1936); Philadelphia Phillies (1929-1933, 1938-1939); Cincinnati Reds (1937-1938); and Pittsburgh Pirates (1940-1941, 1944-1945), batting .308 with 77 home runs and 647 runs batted in in 1,458 games. His best season was 1933, when he batted .349 with 9 homers and 65 RBIs, finishing second to teammate Chuck Klein for the batting title.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department formally opened an investigation of the U.S. citizenship of Rabbi Meir Kahane, who had just been elected to Israel’s Knesset. Rabbi Kahane’s citizenship would be jeopardized by membership in a foreign government.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): You Got It (The Right Stuff)--New Kids on the Block

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Look--Roxette (8th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 So Alive--Love and Rockets
2 Batdance--Prince
3 On Our Own--Bobby Brown
4 Express Yourself--Madonna
5 Toy Soldiers--Martika
6 Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx
7 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
8 The End of the Innocence--Don Henley
9 Cold Hearted--Paula Abdul
10 Rock 'N' Roll Duty--Kim Mitchell

Singles entering the chart were Girl I'm Gonna Miss You by Milli Vanilli (#74); Kisses on the Wind by Neneh Cherry (#77); Cherish by Madonna (#80); America is Sexy by Paul Hyde (#83); It's Not Enough by Starship (#86); Spell by Deon Estus (#89); 18 and Life by Skid Row (#91); Healing Hands by Elton John (#94); and When the Night Comes by Joe Cocker (#96).

Died on this date
Ricky Berry, 24
. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Berry, a forward, was the first draft choice of the Sacramento Kings in 1988, and averaged 11 points per game in his rookie season with the Kings in 1988-89. He shot himself at his home in Fair Oaks, California after an argument with his wife.

Politics and government
12 days after being confirmed as Premier of Poland, Czeslaw Kiszczak announced that he was unable to form a government.

South African President P.W. Botha called an emergency cabinet meeting, and clashed with rebellious ministers. That evening he announced his resignation in a nationwide address. He criticized F.W. de Klerk, his successor as leader of the National Party, and said, "I am being ignored by ministers serving in my cabinet."

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Eins, zwei, polizei--Mo-Do (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I Swear--All-4-One (3rd week at #1)

Music
A three-day concert commemorating the 25th anniversary of the Woodstock Music and Art Fair concluded on an 840-acre farm at Saugerties, New York. As many as 350,000 attended the event. Some of the artists who had performed at Woodstock also performed at the 1994 concert, including Joe Cocker and Crosby, Stills and Nash.

Terrorism
Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, the Venezuelan-born terrorist better known as "Carlos the Jackal", was captured in Sudan. He was wanted in France for the 1975 murders of two French counterintelligence agents and a French government informant.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Czesław Miłosz, 93
. Polish writer. Mr. Miłosz wrote poetry and prose, and was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize in Literature.

War
Negotiations between the Iraqi government and Muqtada al-Sadr, the Shia Muslim cleric who had been leading an uprising against the government since August 5, broke down. Iraqi and U.S. troops prepared to attack the insurgents.

Football
CFL
Calgary (2-6) @ Saskatchewan (4-5) 46

Wednesday, August 13, 2014

August 13, 2014

310 years ago
1704


War
Grand Alliance forces defeated French and Bavarian forces in the Battle of Blenheim in Bavaria.

200 years ago
1814


Born on this date
Anders Ångström
. Swedish physicist. Professor Ångström was one of the founders of the science of spectroscopy; the Ångström unit (1 Å = 10−10 metres) with which the lengths on a scale of the wavelength of light or interatomic spacings in condensed matter is measured is named for him. Professor Ångström died on June 21, 1874 at the age of 59.

Diplomacy
Representatives of the United Kingdom and the Netherlands signed the Convention of London.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Camillien Houde
. Canadian politician. Mr. Houde served in the Quebec National Assembly as a member of the Conservative Party from 1923-1927 and 1928-1931, leading the party from 1929-1932. He was elected to the Canadian House of Commons as an independent candidate in 1949, aand represented the Quebec riding of Papineau until 1953. Mr. Houde's involvement in provincial and federal politics didn't prevent him from running for civic office at the same time, and he served as mayor of Montreal from 1928-1932; 1934-1936; 1938-1940; and 1944-1954. He spent the years 1940-1944 interned at Camp Petawawa, Ontario for his opposition to conscription during World War II and his openly Fascist sympathies. Mr. House died on September 11, 1958 at the age of 69.

80 years ago
1934


Died on this date
Mary Hunter Austin, 65
. U.S. writer. Mrs. Austin was best known for The Land of Little Rain (1903), a non-fiction book about the California deserts.

Popular culture
The comic strip Li'l Abner by Al Capp was first published in eight North American newspapers, including the New York Mirror.

75 years ago
1939

Baseball

The New York Giants hit 7 home runs, including 3 in a row in the 4th inning, in an 11-2 win over the Philadelphia Phillies in the first game of a doubleheader before 10,853 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. The Giants completed the sweep with a 6-2 win in the second game.

The New York Yankees and Philadelphia Athletics split a doubleheader before 34,570 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Athletics won the opener 12-9, and the Yankees won the second game 21-0 in a game that was called after 8 innings because of a 7 P.M. curfew. Joe DiMaggio and Babe Dahlgren each hit 2 home runs in the second game, and each hit a home run inside-the-park.

70 years ago
1944


War
As U.S. units in France passed Argentan, German forces were limited to an 18-mile-wide escape gap in the Caen-Vire area. British units in Italy captured the mountain town of Frontone. Soviet troops in Poland smashed to within 11 miles northeast of Warsaw by taking Moskowka. U.S. Navy Pacific Fleet Commander Admiral Chester Nimitz said that a combination of a sea blockade and aerial bombardments may force Japan to surrender before an invasion of the Japanese home islands took place.

Oil
The U.S. Petroleum War Council announced that a new gasoline known as "100 octane plus," surpassing all other fuels for volatility and performance, was ready for production.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cara Mia--David Whitfield with Mantovani and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)

Football
WIFU-IRFU
Pre-season
Edmonton (1-0) 18 @ Toronto 7

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Do Wah Diddy Diddy--Manfred Mann

Died on this date
Gwynne Evans, 24
; Peter Allen, 21. U.K. criminals. Messrs. Evans and Allen were hanged in different prisons for the April 7, 1964 murder of truck driver John Alan West at Mr. West's home in Seaton, Cumberland. The murderers were the last people executed in the United Kingdom.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Pot pour rire Mr le Président--Patrick Green & Olivier Lejeune (11th week at #1)

Economics and finance
U.S. President Gerald Ford and American Federation of Labour-Congress of Industrial Organizations President George Meany met at the White House, with Mr. Ford requesting the AFL-CIO's cooperation in stimulating economic growth.

Football
CFL
Montreal (3-1) 14 @ Ottawa (2-2) 27

Jerry Keeling threw touchdown passes of 61 and 47 yards to Rhome Nixon in the 1st half and Ottawa defensive back Al Marcelin made 3 interceptions as the defending Grey Cup champion Rough Riders beat the Alouettes before 24,649 fans at Lansdowne Park. Ottawa quarterback Rick Cassata and Montreal defensive back Ron Perowne were both knocked unconscious. For Mr. Perowne, who regularly returned punts, it marked the end of his three-year CFL career, prompting Montreal head coach Marv Levy to call for a rule change to allow blocking on behalf of punt returners. The rule was changed in 1975.

Baseball
Luis Tiant pitched a 4-hitter for his fifth shutout of the season as the Boston Red Sox blanked the California Angels 3-0 before 8,873 fans at Anaheim Stadium, including this blogger and his parents.

Jesus de la Rosa of the Columbus Astros and Fred Velasquez of the Savannah Braves each hit a home run as the Southern League All-Stars defeated the Minnesota Twins 3-1 before 2,432 fans at Wolfson Park in Jacksonville, Florida in the Southern League All-Star Game. Preston Hanna of Savannah, the third of five All-Star pitchers, pitched the 5th and 6th innings and was credited with the win. Vic Albury pitched the first 6 innings for Minnesota and took the loss.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go--Wham! (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Tigran Petrosian, 55
. U.S.S.R. chess grandmaster. Mr. Petrosian defeated Mikhail Botvinnik to win the world championship in 1963, and lost it to Boris Spassky in 1969.

Politics and government
While Labor Party leader Shimon Peres continued efforts to put together a coalition government in Israel, the new Knesset was sworn in. One new member who received a lot of nervous attention was the outspoken Rabbi Meir Kahane, who had demanded that all Arabs be expelled from Israel and the occupied territories.

Disasters
Nearly 200 people were missing and believed drowned after a ferry capsized off the state of Sabah in Malaysia.

Baseball
The Detroit Tigers defeated the Atlanta Braves 7-5 in the Hall of Fame game at Doubleday Field in Cooperstown, New York.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Batdance--Prince (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Larkin Smith, 45
. U.S. politician. Mr. Smith, a Republican Party member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Mississippi who had been in office since January, was killed in the crash of a small plane near New Augusta, Mississippi. Rep. Smith died the day that the wreckage of the plane that had been carrying Rep. Mickey Leland of Texas was found in Ethiopia, six days after it crashed.

Tim Richmond, 34. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Richmond finished 9th in the 1980 Indianapolis 500 and was named the race's Rookie of the Year. He moved to the NASCAR circuit shortly after, and drove stock cars for the rest of his career. Mr. Richmond's best year was 1986, when he won seven races. He then began to suffer the effects of AIDS, which shortened his career and eventually took his life.

War
Syrian troops, supported by Druze and Palestinian fighters, attacked the Christian stronghold in East Beirut with tanks and infantry.

Golf
Payne Stewart won the PGA championship at Kemper Lake Golf Course in Hawthorne Woods, Illinois by shooting 31 on the last 9 holes and overtaking 10 other players with a final-round score of 67. First prize money was $200,000.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I Swear--All-4-One

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Give Me Fire--Good Shape (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Any Time, Any Place/And On and On--Janet Jackson (3rd week at #1)
2 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories
3 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base
4 I Swear--All-4-One
5 Can You Feel the Love Tonight--Elton John
6 Anytime You Need a Friend--Mariah Carey
7 Back and Forth--Aaliyah
8 Shine--Collective Soul
9 Prayer for the Dying--Seal
10 Wild Night--John Mellencamp with Me’shell Ndegeocello

Singles entering the chart were I'll Make Love to You by Boys II Men (#32); Lucky One by Amy Grant (#65); None of Your Business/Heaven 'N Hell by Salt-N-Pepa (#83); Nuttin' But Love by Heavy D & Boyz (#84); Give it Up by Public Enemy (#86); and Afro Puffs by Lady of Rage (#90).

Defense
Negotiators for the U.S.A. and North Korea signed an agreement in Geneva whereby North Korea allowed United Nations monitors to inspect a secret nuclear laboratory in that country. Among other terms of the agreement: North Korea agreed not to reprocess any more spent fuel rods from nuclear reactors--a process used to extract plutonium that could be used in weapons--and agreed not to withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty; the U.S.A. and North Korea would move toward full diplomatic relations; and the U.S. would help North Korea build light-water nuclear reactors, a less accessible source of weapons-grade plutonium.

Football
CFL
Las Vegas (3-3) 49 @ Shreveport (0-6) 13

Len Williams passed for 3 touchdowns and rushed for another TD himself to lead the Posse over the Pirates before 18,011 fans at Independence Stadium. Las Vegas defensive end Jeff Sawyer recovered a fumble in the Shreveport end zone for a touchdown, and James Bullock returned the 2nd-half kickoff 94 yards for a Las Vegas touchdown.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Julia Child, 91
. U.S. chef. Mrs. Child was known for promoting French cuisine to the American public, especially through her book Mastering the Art of French Cooking (1961) and her television program The French Chef (1963-1973). She died two days before her 92nd birthday.

Abominations
156 Congolese Tutsi refugees were massacred by members of the National Liberation Forces at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi.

Business
Reports suggested that U.S.-based Target Corporation was considering buying the Hudson's Bay Company.

Disasters
Hurricane Charley struck Punta Gorda, Florida, and devastated the surrounding area, killing at least 13 people.

Olympics
The Summer Olympics opened in Athens.

Tuesday, August 12, 2014

August 12, 2014

850 years ago
1164


War
Forces commanded by Nur ad-Din Zangi defeated a combined army from the County of Tripoli, the Principality of Antioch, the Byzantine Empire and Armenia in the Battle of Harim in Syria.

325 years ago
1689


Died on this date
Innocent XI, 78
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1676-1689. Born Benedetto Odescalchi, Innocent XI succeeded Clement X as Pope, and was himself succeeded by Alexander VIII.

250 years ago
1764


Diplomacy
British Major General John Bradstreet held peace talks at Fort Presque Isle, Pennsylvania with Pontiac Rebellion tribes of the Delaware and Shawnee, who had been sent to attack the British troops.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
A.R.M. Lower
. Canadian historian. Professor Lower, who taught at United College in Winnipeg (1927-1947) and Queen's University (1947-1959) was best known for his textbook Canada: Colony to Nation (1946). He died on January 7, 1988 at the age of 98.

Canadiana
An Imperial Statute passed in London defined the boundaries of Ontario and Manitoba.

100 years ago
1914


War
The United Kingdom declared war on Austria-Hungary, which also meant that the dominions of the British Empire were automatically at war. Belgian forces won a tactical victory over German forces in the Battle of Haelen, a cavalry skirmish in Belgium.

80 years ago
1934

Baseball

46,766 were in attendance, and an estimated 20,000 were turned away from Fenway Park in Boston as Babe Ruth made his final American League appearance in Boston, where he had begun his major league career 20 years earlier. The Red Sox won the first game of a doubleheader 6-4, despite a single and double by Mr. Ruth. The Yankees won the second game 7-1; the Babe had just one official at bat because the Red Sox pitchers kept walking him.

The Chicago Cubs swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Cardinals at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis. Jim Weaver won the first game 7-2, as Paul Dean took the loss. The Cubs won the second game 6-4, as Pat Malone took the decision over Dizzy Dean.

75 years ago
1939

Baseball

Steve Sundra improved his record for the season to 6-0 as the New York Yankees hammered the Philadelphia Athletics 18-4 before 8,000 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Babe Dahlgren had 4 hits and 6 RBIs for the Yankees, including a solo home run in the 6th inning, and a grand slam an inning later. Joe Gordon added his 18th home run of the season for the Yankees.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Swinging on a Star--Bing Crosby (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., 29
. U.S. military pilot. Mr. Kennedy, the eldest son of former U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph P. Kennedy, was killed while on a secret mission when an explosives-laden U.S. Navy plane blew up over England.

War
Alençon was liberated by General Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, becoming the first city in France to be liberated from the Nazis by French forces. Allied forces in Italy took control of Florence as the city was spared destructive fighting. Soviet troops in Poland widened their front northeast of Warsaw. Speaking in Bremerton, Washington, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that the United States must control the "great circle" route across the Pacific Ocean to guard against future "sneak attacks."

Abominations
Nazi German troops ended the week-long Wola massacre, during which time at least 40,000 people in Warsaw were killed indiscriminately or in mass executions. Meanwhile, Waffen-SS troops massacred 560 people in the Italian village of Sant'Anna di Stazzema.

Diplomacy
Sir Alexander Cadogan headed the British delegation that arrived in Washington for postwar security talks with U.S. and Soviet officials.

50 years ago
1964


Died on this date
Ian Fleming, 56
. U.K. spy and author. Mr. Fleming was with British Naval Intelligence during World War II, which helped inspire him to create the fictional spy James Bond, the main character in 11 novels and 2 collections of short stories by Mr. Fleming. Mr. Fleming, a heavy smoker and drinker, died of a heart attack.

Crime
Charlie Wilson, one of the participants in England's Great Train Robbery, escaped from Winson Green Prison in Birmingham.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (0-2) 7 @ Winnipeg (1-1-1) 37

Leo Lewis rushed 9 times for 69 yards, caught 3 passes for 50 yards and a touchdown, completed a 9-yard touchdown pass to quarterback Kenny Ploen, and had an 85-yard kickoff return as the Blue Bombers routed the Eskimos before 13,789 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Roger Hagberg, Farrell Funston, and Billy Cooper scored the other Winnipeg touchdowns. Butch Pressley scored the only Edmonton touchdown and halfback Jim Thomas added a single when he fumbled into the Winnipeg end zone.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Evie--Stevie Wright

Died on this date
Gwilym S. Brown, 46
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Brown was an associate editor of Sports Illustrated and wrote about golf for the magazine. He died of a brain tumor.

Parker Alford, 22. U.S. football player. Mr. Alford, a tight end with the University of Texas Longhorns, was killed when the small car he was driving collided with the rear of a tractor-trailer on a freeway in Houston.

Economics and finance
In his first appearance as President of the United States before a joint session of Congress, Gerald Ford called inflation "public enemy number one" and asked for bipartisan restraint in government spending. In response to a recent Congressional proposal, he offered to preside over a domestic "summit meeting" to devise a bipartisan approach to creating economic growth and stability, and also called for the reactivation of the Cost of Living Council to monitor wages and prices.

Scandal
Norman Reyes, former press secretary to U.S. Senator Hubert Humphrey (Democrat--Minnesota), and aide Jack Valentine pled guilty to charges of aiding and abetting illegal corporate donations by American Milk Producers, Inc. to political campaigns. The donations, according to the criminal information filed by the office of the Special Prosecutor assigned to investigate the 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., had gone to Sen. Humphrey's campaign for the 1972 Democratic Party presidential nomination and to other Democratic campaigns, including that of U.S. Senator James Abzourek (South Dakota).

Disasters
A death toll of at least 2,500 people was reported from Bangladesh as month-long flooding brought on by monsoons began to subside. Waters had covered 20,000 of the nation's 35,000 square miles. Cholera was reported to be spreading widely in the wake of the floods.

47 people were killed in the crash of an Air Mali jetliner near Ouagadougou, Upper Volta.

Baseball
Former New York Yankee teammates Mickey Mantle and Whitey Ford, along with former Negro League star Cool Papa Bell, umpire Jocko Conlan, and deceased players Jim Bottomley and Sam Thompson, were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York. In the Hall of Fame game, a capacity crowd of 9,975 at Abner Doubleday Field saw the Atlanta Braves score 5 runs in the top of the 1st inning and hold on to beat the Chicago White Sox 12-9. Vic Correll, who started the game as the Braves' catcher, hit 2 home runs, while Paul Casanova, who relieved him behind the plate, added another homer for the Braves, as did left fielder Ralph Garr. Buddy Bradford and Tony Muser homered for Chicago. Danny Frisella pitched 5 innings and was the winning pitcher, while Joe Niekro pitched 4 innings to get the save. Larry Monroe, a rookie with the Sarasota White Sox of the Class A Florida State League, pitched the first 3 innings for Chicago and took the loss; Jack Kucek and Francisco Barrios, both of whom had recently been recalled from the minors, each pitched 3 innings for the White Sox.

Nolan Ryan set an American League record and tie the major league record with 19 strikeouts in a 9-inning game as the California Angels beat the Boston Red Sox 4-2 before 9,345 fans (including this blogger and his parents) at Anaheim Stadium. California first baseman Bob Oliver hit a 3-run home run to open the scoring in the bottom of the 4th inning to provide the Angels with all the offense they needed. It was the first major league game I ever attended, and being a knowledgeable 13-year-old fan, I knew what the record was, and that Mr. Ryan was approaching it. Shortstop Rick Burleson was the only Boston batter who didn't strike out at least once; third baseman Rico Petrocelli fanned 4 times. California designated hitter Frank Robinson drew 4 bases on balls in as many plate appearances.

Mickey Lolich pitched a 5-hit complete game and rookie center fielder Ron LeFlore hit his first major league home run as the Detroit Tigers beat the Kansas City Royals 5-1 before 16,034 fans at Tiger Stadium.

The Oakland Athletics scored 2 unearned runs on a throwing error by New York third baseman Graig Nettles as they edged the Yankees 3-2 before 27,137 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Catfish Hunter improved his record for the season to 17-9 as he won the pitchers' duel over Pat Dobson, who fell to 10-14. Before the game, Oakland manager Alvin Dark announced that players would no longer be allowed to drink hard liquor on planes during road trips.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Susanna--The Art Company (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Self Control--Laura Branigan (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lenny Breau, 43
. U.S. musician. Mr. Breau, a native of Maine, spent many of his formative years in New Brunswick and Winnipeg, where he developed his technique as an innovative jazz guitarist. He was found in the swimming pool of his Los Angeles apartment complex after having been strangled.

Abominations
Zimbabwe’s ruling African National Union-Patriotic Front concluded a party congress by adopting a draft charter calling for one-party Marxist rule. The draft charter provided that the socialist state would be achieved "in the fullness of time" under the "vanguard leadership" of the Union and Front. The party approved expanded power for Prime Minister Robert Mugabe through the creation of an executive presidency that would permit Mr. Mugabe to become head of state. The party delegates also approved a strict moral code for party officials.

Politics and government
U.S. President Ronald Reagan said that raising taxes would be a last resort for him, but a first resort for Democratic presidential candidate Walter Mondale.

Olympics
Greg Louganis of the United States won his second gold medal of the games, taking the men's 10-meter platform competition with a world-record score of 710.91 points. The United States topped the final medal total with 174 (83 gold); West Germany was second with 59 (17 gold). Romania followed with 53 (20 gold), and Canada fourth with 44 (10 gold). The closing ceremonies featured a large fireworks display and included Hollywood-style entertainment. Canada finished the games with its best showing ever, winning 44 medals: 10 gold, 18 silver, and 16 bronze.

Football
CFL
Toronto (5-2) 30 @ Hamilton (1-4-1) 22
Edmonton (3-3) 37 @ Saskatchewan (1-4-1) 21

Larry Cowan rushed for 143 yards for the Eskimos, including one run of 65 yards, as the Eskimos came back from an early 16-1 deficit to defeat the Roughriders at Taylor Field in Regina. With less than 2 minutes remaining and the Eskimos leading 23-21, Roughrider punter Paul Hickie came up short when he ran the ball on a fake punt. Matt Dunigan ran 3 yards for a touchdown with 45 seconds left to make it 30-21 after the convert. Two plays later, Eskimo linebacker Danny Bass hit Roughrider quarterback Nickie Hall in the end zone and forced a fumble. Saskatchewan guard Gerry Hornett attempted to kick the loose ball, but only succeeded in kicking it into the hands of Edmonton defensive end Tom Tuinei for an easy touchdown.

Baseball
Harmon Killebrew‚ Rick Ferrell‚ Don Drysdale‚ Pee Wee Reese‚ and Luis Aparicio were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown‚ New York.

In a game that featured two bench-clearing brawls and 19 ejections (including both managers and both replacement managers), the Atlanta Braves defeated the San Diego Padres 5-3 before 23,912 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Braves’ starting pitcher Pascual Perez hit Padres’ leadoff hitter Alan Wiggins in the back with the first pitch of the game to get things started.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): You Got It (The Right Stuff)--New Kids on the Block

#1 single in France (SNEP): Lambada--Kaoma (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Viva la Mamma--Edoardo Bennato (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): We Are Growing (Shaka Zulu)--Margaret Singana

#1 single in the U.K.: Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Batdance--Prince (3rd week at #1)
2 On Our Own--Bobby Brown
3 Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx
4 So Alive--Love and Rockets
5 Lay Your Hands on Me--Bon Jovi
6 I Like It--Dino
7 Once Bitten Twice Shy--Great White
8 Cold Hearted--Paula Abdul
9 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
10 The End of the Innocence--Don Henley

Singles entering the chart were Lay All Your Love on Me by Information Society (#70); Pride and Passion by John Cafferty and the Beaver Brown Band (#73); Nature of Love by Waterfront (#75); Don't Look Back by Fine Young Cannibals (#77); Need a Little Taste of Love by the Doobie Brothers (#80); Closer to Fine by Indigo Girls (#83); Runnin' Down a Dream by Tom Petty (#85); And the Night Stood Still by Dion (#90); Oh Daddy by Adrian Belew (#92); You're My One and Only (True Love) by Seduction (#94); and Love Cries by the Stage Dolls (#96).

Died on this date
William Shockley, 79
. U.K.-born U.S. physicist. Dr. Shockley shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics with John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain for co-inventing the transistor; his work helped to inspire the creation of "Silicon Valley" in California. In his later years, Dr. Shockley attracted controversy and criticism for his advocacy of eugenics.

Samuel Okwaraji, 25. Nigerian soccer player. Mr. Okwaraji, a midfielder with Nigeria's national team, collapsed and died of congestive heart failure in the 77th minute of a World Cup qualification match against Angola at Lagos National Stadium.

Politics and government
F.W. de Klerk, the newly-chosen leader of South Africa’s ruling National Party and also the country’s education minister, met with most of the cabinet members but not with President P.W. Botha.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (15th week at #1)

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.3% in July.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (4-2) 7 @ Saskatchewan (3-3) 20

Tom Burgess completed a 25-yard pass to Dan Farthing in the 2nd quarte for the game's only touchdown as the Roughriders defeated the defending Grey Cup champion Eskimos before 24,548 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Dave Ridgway added a convert and 4 field goals for Saskatchewan. The Eskimos failed to score a touchdown that counted, and lost one that should have counted when quarterback Damon Allen completed a pass to wide receiver Mike Lee for an apparent touchdown, but the play was whistled down early by an ignorant first-year American official.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Godfrey Hounsfield, 84
. U.K. electrical engineer. Sir Godfrey shared the 1979 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Allan McLeod Cormack for his part in developing the diagnostic technique of X-ray computed tomography (CT). The Hounsfield scale, a quantitative measure of radiodensity used in evaluating CT scans, is named in his honour. Sir Godfrey died 16 days before his 85th birthday.

Politics and government
Lee Hsien Loong was sworn in as Prime Minister of Singapore.

Law
The California Supreme Court voided the nearly 4,000 same-sex marriages sanctioned in San Francisco earlier in the year.

Scandal
New Jersey Governor James McGreevey announced his resignation because of an affair with another man.

Disasters
Hurricane Bonnie pounded the Florida Panhandle, forcing the evacuation of 1.9 million people.

Football
CFL
Toronto (5-3) 10 @ Montreal (8-1) 22
Edmonton (3-5) 14 @ Winnipeg (3-5) 25