Sunday, June 26, 2016

June 26, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Stover!

130 years ago
1886


Science
Using low-temperature electrolysis, French chemist Henri Moissan isolated elemental fluorine.

Baseball
George Stovey, a lefthanded Negro pitcher, played his first game for Jersey City of the Eastern League after being purchased from the Cuban Giants, an all-Negro touring team. Mr. Stovey, considered to be the best Negro pitcher of the 19th century, posted a 16-15 record for Jersey City in 1886, with an outstanding earned run average of 1.13.

110 years ago
1906


Auto racing
The first Grand Prix began in Le Mans, France. The French Grand Prix lasted 12 hours, and ended the next day with Ferenc Szisz winning, Felice Nazzaro finishing second, and Albert Clément finishing third.

90 years ago
1926


Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King, losing Progressive Party support for his minority Liberal government, asked Governor General Lord Julius Byng to dissolve Parliament and permit an election. Lord Byng refused the request, reminding Mr. King of their agreement made the previous October, and argues that the Conservatives, as the biggest single party in Parliament, should have a chance to form a government before an election was called.

80 years ago
1936


Aviation
The first prototype of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter, made its first flight, with Ewald Rohlfs at the controls.

75 years ago
1941


War
Finland formally entered the war against the U.S.S.R., although fighting between the two nations had proceeded for several days. German motorized units were reported within 50 miles of Minsk. Spanish Falangists began recruiting volunteers for a legion to fight against the U.S.S.R. U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes, speaking in Hartford, Connecticut, declared that it was the right moment for the United States "to strike hard and harder, fast and faster" against German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. He denounced famed aviator and America First supporter Charles Lindbergh as a "Hitler stooge."

Defense
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles informed U.S.S.R. Ambassador Constantine Oumansky that any Soviet request for material assistance in her defense against Germany would receive favourable consideration. The U.S. Senate Defense Investigating Committee warned of an aluminum shortage, and placed responsibility on the Office of Production Management and the Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa).

Transportation
U.S. airlines said that they would have to restrict service because of President Roosevelt's request that domestic airlines surrender 24 more transport planes for British use, bringing the total to 115 of the 358 planes available.

Politics and government
A Gallup Poll reported that 76% of Americans questioned said that they approved of the policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Religion
Pope Pius XII, speaking in English from the Vatican, declared in a radio address to the Eighth National Eucharistic Congress in St. Paul, Minnesota that a current of "black paganism" was sweeping the world.

Labour
Congress of Industrial Organizations machinists voted to end their strike and return to work at shipyards in San Francisco.

Disasters
A two-hour earthquake described as one of the most violent in years struck Morocco.

70 years ago
1946


War
At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, former German Foreign Minister Constantin von Neurath said that he had opposed some of Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's policies and did not know why he had not been liquidated.

Defense
The Canadian Air Cadets officially became known as the Royal Canadian Air Cadets.

Politics and government
The three-man British negotiating team in India announced that it would suspend further negotiations on an interim government and return to England.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted to cite National Council of American-Soviet Friendship chairman Corliss Lamont for contempt for refusing to produce records demanded by the House Committee on Un-American Activities.

Scandal
The Soviet State Control Ministry announced widespread dismissals and firing of factory directors, engineers, and accountants for falsifying production figures, distributing bonuses illegally, and misappropriating funds.

60 years ago
1956


Defense
The United States detonated a hydrogen bomb at an altitude of 32,000 feet in its Pacific testing area. The United States Senate voted to give the Air Force $960 million more than the administration of President Dwight Eisenhower had requested for fiscal 1957, and also approved the full $34.7 billion defense appropriation.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council rejected an African-Asian bloc petition to place the Algerian question on the Council's agenda.

World events
Cuban police arrested 17 suspects, including bullfighter Jose Sanchez, in Havana on charges of complicity in a plot to assassinate President Fulgencio Batista.

Protest
Peruvian President Manuel Odria suspended civil liberties for 30 days as a result of strike-related rioting in Lima and Calleo.

Academia
Czechoslovakian Education Minister Frantisek Kahuda rejected demands for academic freedom, and ordered restoration of "class selection" of university students.

Archaeology
Louis Rene Nougier and Roumain Robert discovered prehistoric etchings of animals, and paintings estimated to be 25,000 years old in a cave near Poitiers, France.

Science
Physicists Werner Heisenberg of West Germany and Hideki Yukawa of Japan told the International Nobel Physics Prize Winners Conference in Lindau, West Germany that relativity and quantum theories no longer sufficiently explained all phenomena discovered and questions developed through nuclear research.

50 years ago
1966


Protest
20 days after James Meredith was shot and wounded in Hernando, Mississippi while marching to Jackson in an effort to register Negro voters, others who had continued his march arrived in Jackson.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ramaya--Afric Simone

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Jungle Rock--Hank Mizell

#1 single in the U.K.: You to Me are Everything--Real Thing

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Silly Love Songs--Wings (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band
2 Silly Love Songs--Wings
3 Misty Blue--Dorothy Moore
4 More, More, More (Part 1)--Andrea True Connection
5 Get Up and Boogie (That's Right)--Silver Convention
6 Shop Around--Captain & Tennille
7 Kiss and Say Goodbye--The Manhattans
8 Love Hangover--Diana Ross
9 Never Gonna Fall in Love Again--Eric Carmen
10 Moonlight Feels Right--Starbuck

Singles entering the chart were Another Rainy Day in New York City by Chicago (#77); Let 'Em In by Wings (#78); Devil Woman by Cliff Richard (#88); In My Father's Footsteps by Terry Jacks (#91); Don't Touch Me There by the Tubes (#92); Rainbow in Your Eyes by Leon and Mary Russell (#94); BLT by Lee Oskar (#96); Hey Shirley (This is Squirrely) by Shirley and Squirrely (#98); Wham Bam Shang-A-Lang by Silver (#99); and Everything's Coming Up Love by David Ruffin (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Roxy Roller--Sweeney Todd
2 More, More, More (Part 1)--Andrea True Connection
3 Get Up and Boogie (That's Right)--Silver Convention
4 Silly Love Songs--Wings
5 The Whole World's Goin' Crazy--April Wine
6 Shop Around--Captain & Tennille
7 Never Gonna Fall in Love Again--Eric Carmen
8 Rock and Roll Love Letter--Bay City Rollers
9 Misty Blue--Dorothy Moore
10 Takin' it to the Streets--The Doobie Brothers

Singles entering the chart were In My Father's Footsteps by Terry Jacks (#85); Summer Love by Craig Ruhnke (#88); I'm Easy by Keith Carradine (#90); I Need to Be in Love by the Carpenters (#91); A Fifth of Beethoven by Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band (#92); Good Vibrations by Todd Rundgren (#93); Framed by Cheech & Chong (#94); If You Know What I Mean by Neil Diamond (#95); This Masquerade by George Benson (#96); It Keeps You Runnin' by Carly Simon (#97); Better Place to Be by Harry Chapin (#98); A Little Bit More by Dr. Hook (#99); and Baby, I Love Your Way by Peter Frampton (#100).

Canadiana
The CN Tower in Toronto opened to the public; it was the world's tallest free-standing structure at 1,821 feet (550 metres), and cost $63 million to build.

30 years ago
1986


Adventure
Entrepreneur Richard Branson left New York aboard his powerboat Virgin Challenger II in an attempt to break the transatlantic speed record.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-1) 20 @ Toronto (1-0) 21
Winnipeg (0-1) 17 @ British Columbia (1-0) 28

Hank Ilesic punted for 2 singles in the 4th quarter, the second covering 67 yards with 1:15 remaining in regulation time, to give the Argonauts their win over the Tiger-Cats before 24,100 fans at Exhibition Stadium. The winning point came after Hamilton wide receiver Steve Stapler was ruled to have fumbled after catching a pass from quarterback Ken Hobart, and Toronto defensive back Marcellus Greene recovered on the Hamilton 44-yard line. Willie Pless played the first regular season game of his 14-year Hall of Fame career at linebacker for the Argonauts.

The Lions scored 10 points in the final 4 minutes 7 seconds of the game to clinch victory over the Blue Bombers before 41,704 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. receiver Merv Fernandez had a brilliant game catching passes and rushing the ball, and completed a pass to Ned Armour for an 86-yard gain to set up Roy Dewalt's 21-yard touchdown pass to Scott Lecky with 4:07 remaining in the game. Mr. Fernandez also served as the Lions' punter, substituting for injured Lui Passaglia, who missed the first game of his 11-year CFL career. Paul Osbaldiston played the first game of his 18-year CFL career, scoring 10 points on 3 converts, 2 field goals, and a single as he replaced Mr. Passaglia as B.C.'s kicker.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Senza una donna--Zucchero featuring Paul Young (2nd week at #1)

Society
Canadian Minister of Indian Affairs Tom Siddon started talks with native leaders on responding to long-term effects of residential schools.

Environment
Canadian Environment Minister Jean Corbeil proposed a $100-million project to protect waters from oil and chemical spills, with more aerial surveillance, ship inspections, and fines.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-0) 29 @ Toronto (0-1) 15
Calgary (1-0) 49 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 14

20 years ago
1996


Academia
The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the Virginia Military Institute to admit women or forego state support.

10 years ago
2006


Politics and government
Mari Alkatiri, the first Prime Minister of East Timor, resigned after weeks of political unrest. He had been in office since May 2002.

Saturday, June 25, 2016

June 25, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gail McGonigal!

1,175 years ago
841


War
In the decisive battle of the Carolingian Civil War, divisionist forces commanded by Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeated imperialist forces led by King Lothar I of Italy and King Pippin II of Aquitaine in the Battle of Fontenoy-en-Puisaye in eastern France.

140 years ago
1876


Died on this date
George Armstrong Custer, 36
; Tom Custer, 31. U.S. military officers. Boston Custer, 27. U.S. civilian contractor. Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer had a distinguished record in the Union Army during the U.S. Civil War, and was put in charge of the U.S. Army's 7th Cavalry as they fought a combined Indian force in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in eastern Montana territory. His brother Tom was a Captain in the United States Army and twice won the Medal of Honor in the Civil War, while Boston was a civilian contractor, who accompanied his brothers with the U.S. Army's 7th Cavalry. All three brothers were killed in the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

War
Combined forces of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes decisively defeated the United States Army's 7th Cavalry in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in eastern Montana Territory (see also here and here).

110 years ago
1906


Theatre
Mam'zelle Champagne, a musical revue by Edgar Allan Woolf and Cassius Freeborn, opened at Madison Square Roof Garden in New York. The performance was marred by the murder of architect Stanford White by socialite Harry Thaw, both of whom were in the audience.

Died on this date
Stanford White, 52
. U.S. architect. Mr. White was a major figure in the "American Renaissance," who designed houses for rich people and numerous public, institutional, and church buildings. He was also a serial seducer of teenage girls, including model and actress Evelyn Nesbit. Their brief relationship ended, both went on to other relationships. Miss Nesbit married millionaire socialite Harry Thaw, after telling him about her earlier relationship with Mr. White. The couple were attending the premiere of the musical revue Mam'zelle Champagne at Madison Square Roof Garden in New York, when Mr. White arrived and took his usual table in the building he had designed. Mr. Thaw fatally shot Mr. White, and the subsequent trial was called the "Trial of the Century."

100 years ago
1916


Died on this date
Thomas Eakins, 71
. U.S. artist. Mr. Eakins was a realist painter who painted hundreds of portraits and other subjects, and was one of the foremost artists in his field. He was also a pioneer in photography. Mr. Eakins died a month before his 72nd birthday.

90 years ago
1926


Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King was defeated on a motion of censure, but secured an adjournment of debate in the House of Commons until the following day.

75 years ago
1941


War
The British command announced that its troops had reoccupied Merdiayoun and Inbales Saki in the central sector in Syria.

Defense
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles announced that President Franklin D. Roosevelt would not invoke the Neutrality Act against the U.S.S.R., thus permitting American ships to carry war material to Vladivostok. U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Republican--Ohio) opposed aid to the Soviet Union, saying that a Communist victory "would be far more dangerous than the victory of Fascism." The Cuban cabinet passed a resolution reiterating Cuba's moral identification with U.S. President Roosevelt's statements toward the defense of America.

Diplomacy
The Turkish National Assembly ratified the Turko-German friendship pact.

World events
English author P.G. Wodehouse disclosed in Berlin that he had been released after a year in an internment camp, and said that he would broadcast over German radio once a week to the United States on non-political subjects.

Politics and government
A trial committee of the New York City Board of Higher Education found John K. Ackley, registrar of City College of New York, guilty of Communist activity and interference with the Rapp-Coudert committee's work, and recommended his dismissal.

Economics and finance
U.S. Office of Price Administration Administrator Leon Henderson announced that Chrysler Corporation had refused to rescind price increases on new cars, and that therefore the OPA would be forced to fix prices for the entire industry.

Labour
U.S. President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802, establishing a Committee on Fair Employment Pracitces and barring racial discrimination in defense industries.

70 years ago
1946


World events
The Costa Rican government put down an alleged coup attempt in San Jose, killing one person and arresting a number of others.

Politics and government
The All-India Congress Party working committee accepted Viceroy Archibald Wavell's long-range proposals for Indian independence, after rejecting his plan for an interim government.

The Italian Constituent Assembly elected Socialist Giuseppe Saragat as chairman at its first session.

U.S. Senator Milton Young (Republican--North Dakota) defeated former Senator Gerald Nye in a special primary to fill a Senate term of 4 1/2 years, while Sen. William Langer (Republican--North Dakota) was renominated to a regular 6-year term.

Law
Massachusetts Chief Justice John Higgins resigned from the International Military Tribunal for the Far East.

Religion
The Catholic Theological Society of America was founded in New York, with Dr. Francis Connell of Catholic University as president.

Economics and finance
The United States unfroze $700 million in gold held by Argentina in the New York Federal Reserve Bank.

Business
First Boston Corporation and Mellon Corporation merged, creating a capital fund of $25 million, the largest of any investment banking firm in the United States.

Labour
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that average hourly wages for production workers in manufacturing had reached a record high of $1.06 in April 1946, with weekly average earnings averaging $42.92.

60 years ago
1956


Died on this date
Ernest King, 77
. U.S. military officer. Climaxing a career in the United States Navy of more than 40 years, Fleet Admiral King was Chief of Naval Operations and Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet (COMINCH) during World War II, becoming the only person to hold that combined command.

Diplomacy
In Bucharest, Romanian President Chivu Stoica, Romanian Communist Party First Secretary Gheorghe Gheorgiou-Dej, and Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito signed agreements restoring relations between the countries and their Communist Parties.

Politics and government
The Egyptian government announced that the Interior Ministry would retain its secret police power for 10 years in a campaign against government corruption and political dissent.

Labour
The International Labor Organization's Committee on Forced Labor concluded a draft treaty declaring forced or compulsory labour a violation of the rights of man as enunciated by the United Nations Charter.

100,000 members of Peru's Private Employees Central Union went on strike in a wage dispute with International Petroleum Company, a Standard Oil Company of New Jersey affiliate. The strikers also protested a government-approved increase in transit fares.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Paint It, Black/Long Long While--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ton Nom--Salvatore Adamo (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Michelle--The Beatles (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Sloop John B--The Beach Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Paperback Writer--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Paperback Writer--The Beatles

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Paperback Writer--The Beatles
2 Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones
3 Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra
4 Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind--The Lovin' Spoonful
5 Cool Jerk--The Capitols
6 I Am a Rock--Simon and Garfunkel
7 Red Rubber Ball--The Cyrkle
8 A Groovy Kind of Love--The Mindbenders
9 Opus 17 (Don't Worry 'Bout Me)--The 4 Seasons
10 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Dusty Springfield

Singles entering the chart were You Can't Roller Skate in a Buffalo Herd by Roger Miller (#70); Can I Trust You? by the Bachelors (#77); Love Letters (#78)/Come What May (#94) by Elvis Presley; Misty by Richard "Groove" Holmes (#84); I Only Have Eyes for You by the Lettermen (#85); Over Under Sideays Down by the Yardbirds (#86); You're Nobody Till Somebody Loves You by the Wonder Who? (#89); Not Responsible by Tom Jones (#91); Hey You! Little Boo-Ga-Loo by Chubby Checker (#92); You Just Can't Quit by Rick Nelson (#93); Tar and Cement by Verdelle Smith (#95); Ain't Gonna Cry No More by Brenda Lee (#97); I'm a Nut by Leroy Pullins (#99); Sittin' on a Fence by Twice as Much (#100); and Hot Shot by the Buena Vistas (also #100).

Diplomacy
Yugoslavia and the Vatican signed an accord for an exchange of envoys, ending a 14-year break in relations.

Crime
Four young men were fined a total of $120 in Edmonton after being arrested at the Rainbow Ballroom the previous night. Police had been called in response to complaints that two young men were shouting and swearing at each other on the dance floor; Robert Douglas, 22, and Russell Stevens, 19, were each fined $25 for causing a disturbance. Arthur Reid, 20, was fined $30 for obstructing police, and Terrence Joseph, 21, was fined $40 and costs for creating a public disturbance. 250 youths jeered the police when they arrested the scofflaws.

Horse racing
Titled Hero, with Avelino Gomez aboard, won the 107th running of the Queen's Plate at Woodbine Racetrack in Etobicoke, Ontario in a time of 2:03 3/5. Titled Hero finished 3 lengths ahead of Bye and Near, ridden by Sam McComb, who said that Mr. Gomez had been guilty of bumping several times during the race. Bright Monarch, with Joe Baze aboard, finished third.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Fernando--ABBA (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Let Your Love Flow--Bellamy Brothers

#1 single in Switzerland: Let Your Love Flow--Bellamy Brothers

Died on this date
Johnny Mercer, 66
. U.S. songwriter and singer. Mr. Mercer was successful for more than three decades, especially in writing lyrics for songs from movies, resulting in four Academy Awards. His collaborators included Hoagy Carmichael, Richard Whiting, Harold Arlen, and Henry Mancini. Mr. Mercer also had some success as a singer, with hit singles such as One for My Baby (and One More for the Road) (1943) and Ac-Cent-Tchu-Ate the Positive (1944). He died of a brain tumour.

Abominations
Missouri Governor Kit Bond (Republican), in an act of politically correct cuckservatism that has become more familiar in the 21st century, announced an executive order rescinding Missouri Executive Order 44, issued by Governor Lilburn Boggs on October 27, 1838, directing that members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints "must be treated as enemies, and must be exterminated or driven from the State if necessary for the public peace—their outrages are beyond all description." Mr. Bond's announcement came in an address to the Far West stake of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, as a goodwill gesture for the United States Bicentennial. Mr. Boggs' executive order had been issued three days after the Battle of Crooked River, a skirmish between Mormons and Missouri state militia.

Protest
Workers in Poland rioted over government plans to raise food prices.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
British Columbia (0-1) 6 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 18

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): The Final Countdown--Europe (5th week at #1)

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies released 41-year-old pitcher Steve Carlton, who was in his 15th season with the club and his 20th season in the major leagues. In 16 games with the Phillies in 1986, Mr. Carlton was 4-8 with an earned run average of 6.18.

25 years ago
1991


World events
Croatia and Slovenia proclaimed their independence, beginning the Yugoslavian civil war.

Protest
James Bay Cree Indians erected a barricade at Whapmagootui airport, forcing cancellation of the first public hearings into Hydro-Québec's Great Whale dam project.

Scandal
Alex Hickman, Chief Justice of the Newfoundland Supreme Court trial division, was cleared by the Canadian Judicial Council of accusations of having financial dealings with banks under review by the court.

20 years ago
1996


Education
Eastwood Junior High School in Edmonton held its Awards Day. This blogger presented the Monarchist League Award to Leigh-Ann Nielsen, the Grade 8 student "who has demonstrated significant academic improvements, excellent citizenship, and is involved in school activities."

Terrorism
A truck bomb killed 19 Americans and injured hundreds at a U.S. military housing complex in Khobar, Saudi Arabia.
The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 U.S. servicemen.

Diplomacy
Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs Lloyd Axworthy announced sanctions against Nigeria in response to that country's summary execution of minority rights activists. The sanctions included an arms embargo; a ban on sporting contacts; the downgrading of cultural and diplomatic links; and some visa regulations.

United Nations-sponsored talks aimed at uniting the Turkish and Cypriot factions in Cyprus resumed after an 18-month delay.

Religion
The Chinese government stepped up its attacks on the Dalai Lama, denouncing his hopes for the return of Tibetan independence. The Chinese Communist regime also had their choice as Panchen Lama initiated as a monk.

10 years ago
2006


Football
CFL
British Columbia (1-1) 24 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 32

Friday, June 24, 2016

June 24, 2016

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
William Saxbe
. U.S. politician. Mr. Saxbe, a Republican, represented Ohio in the United States Senate from 1969-1974, and served as United States Attorney General from 1974-1975 and U.S. Ambassador to India from 1975-1977. He died on August 24, 2010 at the age of 94.

Movies
Mary Pickford became the first film star to get a $1 million deal, and produce her own movies. Paramount Pictures chief Adolph Zukor signed her for $250,000 per film with a guaranteed minimum of $10,000 a week against half of the profits, including bonuses and the right of approval of all creative aspects of her films.

War
The Battle of the Somme began with a week-long Allied artillery bombardment on the German Line.

75 years ago
1941


War
German troops captured the Lithuanian capital of Kaunas, and Vilna and Shavli in northern Lithuania, while other German forces drove into Soviet-occupied western Ukraine and White Russia. U.S.S.R. bombers hit Romanian cities.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced at a press conference that the United States would give all possible aid to the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
Ignoring the Communists, Chilean leftist parties signed an agreement to strengthen the groups behind President Pedro Aguirre Cerda and speed up his reform program.

Labour
The Congress of Indistrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America ordered 150,000 southern soft-coal miners to strike unless the Harlan County Coal Operators Association agreed to sign the union contract accepted by 12 other operators' groups in the southern United States.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (6th week at #1)
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
2 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
3 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
4 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
5 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
6 Cement Mixer (Put-ti Put-ti)--Alvino Rey and his Orchestra
--Charlie Barnet and his Orchestra
7 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
8 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
9 All Through the Day--Frank Sinatra
--Perry Como
10 In Love in Vain--Margaret Whiting
--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest

New singles entering the chart were There's No One But You, with versions by Tommy Dorsey and his Clambake Seven, and Kay Kyser and his Orchestra (#22); Do You Love Me by Harry James and his Orchestra (#23); (Get Your Kicks On) Route 66, with versions by the King Cole Trio, and Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (#28); Put the Blame on Mame by the Milt Herth Trio and the Jesters (#31); More than You Know by Perry Como (#34); The Good Earth by Woody Herman and his Orchestra (#36); Cindy by Jo Stafford (#40); and I Got Lost in His Arms by Dinah Shore (#43). Put the Blame on Mame was originally from the movie Gilda (1946).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Art Gilmore, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Beeswax Candle

War
Chinese Communist leader Mao Tse-tung charged that U.S. military aid to China's governing Kuomintang party had intensified the country's civil war.

Defense
A Superfortress dropped a dummy flash-bomb on the U.S. Navy battleship Nevada off Bikini Atoll in a full dress rehearsal of the atomic bomb test.

Americana
U.S. President Harry Truman signed a bill providing that the body of an unknown American serviceman of World War II be placed beside the first Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.

Diplomacy
The foreign ministers' conference in Paris adopted a Soviet resolution rejecting Austria's claim to a portion of South Tyrol.

A Polish resolution urging the United Nations Security Council to recommend a worldwide diplomatic break with the Spanish regime of Generalissimo Francisco Franco was defeated.

Argentine President Juan Peron said that his government would try Nazis who took refuge in Argentina.

Politics and government
Georges Bidault took office as President of the Provisional Government of the French Republic, with members of his Popular Republican party getting nine posts in his cabinet. Communists received seven cabinet posts, and Socialists six.

Journalism
U.S. President Harry Truman charged that the U.S.S.R. was censoring U.S. war correspondents covering United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration operations in Ukraine and White Russia.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom and Poland signed an agreement settling most of the Polish war debts in Britain and transferring the former Polish government-in-exile's assets to the current Polish provisional government.

Labour
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King took over inland freighters idled by a one-month strike of the Canadian Seamen's Union.

Scandal
Former American Federation of Labor leaders Martin Parkinson and William McGeory were sentenced in New York to prison terms of 3-6 years for extortion.

60 years ago
1956


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Momentum, starring Skip Homeier and Joanne Woodward

This was the last episode of the season.

Diplomacy
Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito arrived in Bucharest to begin a visit to Romania.

Defense
U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff General Nathan Twining and six other American officers attended Soviet Aviation Day celebrations in Moscow.

Disasters
A British airliner en route from Kano, Nigeria to London crashed after takeoff, killing 32 passengers and crew members.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Sloop John B--The Beach Boys

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Paperback Writer--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones
3 I Am a Rock--Simon and Garfunkel
4 Brainwashed--David Clayton-Thomas
5 I Love Onions--Susan Christie
6 A Groovy Kind of Love--The Mindbenders
7 The Pied Piper--Crispian St. Peters
8 Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra
9 (I Washed My Hands In) Muddy Water--Johnny Rivers
10 Mama--B.J. Thomas and the Triumphs
Pick hit of the week: Love Letters--Elvis Presley
New this week: La Bamba--Trini Lopez
Look at Me Girl--Bobby Vee and the Strangers
Honey on the Vine--Matt Monro
Somewhere, My Love--Ray Conniff and the Singers

Music
The Rolling Stones opened their American tour at Manning Bowl in Lynn, Massachusetts. A crowd stormed the stage, and police used tear gas to disperse them. Four people were injured and five arrested.

Space
The United States launched Passive Geodetic Earth Orbiting Satellite (PAGEOS)-A from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California to map Earth's surface.

Football
The Canadian Rugby Union, which had been founded on December 19, 1891, announced that it was going out of business, and would be reconstituted as the Canadian Amateur Football Association. The CRU also handed control of the Grey Cup over to the Canadian Football League.

40 years ago
1976


Diplomacy
South African Prime Minister John Vorster and U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger concluded two days of talks in West Germany about the evolution to majority rule in South Africa.

30 years ago
1986


Football
CFL
Edmonton (1-0) 21 @ Calgary (0-1) 20

The earliest CFL regular season opener to date ended with a 56-yard touchdown bomb from Edmonton quarterback Matt Dunigan to Stephen Jones on the last play of the game before 27,120 fans at McMahon Stadium. Tom Dixon converted to give the Eskimos their ninth straight win in a season opener. It was Mr. Jones' first game as an Eskimo.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mueve, mueve--Sandy & Papo

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Ahead by a Century--The Tragically Hip
2 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
3 Old Man & Me (When I Get to Heaven)--Hootie & the Blowfish
4 You Learn--Alanis Morisette
5 Fastlove--George Michael
6 Everything Falls Apart--Dog's Eye View
7 The Only Thing that Looks Good on Me is You--Bryan Adams
8 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
9 You Still Touch Me--Sting
10 Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

Singles entering the chart were Angel Mine by Cowboy Junkies (#93); Where Do We Go from Here by Vanessa Williams (#94); Twisted by Stevie Nicks and Lindsey Buckingham (#96); You're the One by SWV (#97); Until it Sleeps by Metallica (#98); and Banditos by the Refreshments (#99).

Canadiana
Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip visit Bonavista, Newfoundland for the arrival of the Matthew, a replica of the ship used by European John Cabot to travel to the New World 500 years earlier.

Protest
About 2,000 people in Quebec City rioted after a rock concert. Rioters looted shops and threw rocks at the National Assembly building, and caused $1 million in damage; "agitators from Toronto" were blamed. 81 people were arrested.

Scandal
State media in Nepal confirmed reports that 175 businesses and commercial banks had issued fake letters of credit that took U.S.$36 million out of the country to pay for non-existent imports. 100 arrests were made in connection with the case.

10 years ago
2006


Football
CFL
Montreal (2-0) 34 @ Hamilton (0-2) 14
Calgary (1-1) 14 @ Edmonton (1-1) 18

Ricky Ray completed 31 of 40 passes for 392 yards and a pair of 35-yard touchdown passes to Jason Tucker as the Eskimos edged the Stampeders before 40,491 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Tucker scored his first TD in the 3rd quarter and his second with 7:20 remaining in regulation time. Sean Fleming converted both and kicked an 11-yard field goal with 3:12 remaining in the game to close the scoring. The Edmonton defense held the Calgary offense without a touchdown. Mr. Tucker led Edmonton receivers with 152 yards on 8 receptions.

Thursday, June 23, 2016

June 23, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry Holden!

125 years ago
1891


Died on this date
Samuel Newitt Wood, 65
. U.S. politician. Mr. Wood, a member of the Liberty Party, and later the Republican Party, held various offices in state politics in Kansas. He advocated that his hometown of Woodsdale be made the seat of Stevens County instead of rival Hugoton, and the dispute led to his assassination by James Brennen outside the courthouse in Hugoton. Mr. Brennen was never prosecuted.

120 years ago
1896


Politics and government
18 years of Conservative Party government ended as the Liberals, led by Wilfrid Laurier, captured 117 of 213 seats in the House of Commons in the Canadian federal election. The Conservatives, led by Prime Minister Sir Charles Tupper, won 71 seats, bolstered by 15 Liberal-Conservatives. 4 independent Conservatives were elected, as well as 2 Patrons of Industry candidates, 1 indepedent Liberal, and 1 independent. Dalton McCarthyite, leader of the McCarthyite Party, was elected in both the Ontario riding of Simcoe North and the Manitoba riding of Brandon; he resigned the Brandon seat. The Liberal total was an increase of 27 seats from the 1891 election, while the Conservative and Liberal-Conservative total was down 31 from 1891. The Liberals captured 41.4% of the popular vote, while the Conservatives and Liberal-Conservatives combined for 48.2%. Mr. Tupper initially refused to cede power and attempted to make appointments as Prime Minister, but Governor General Lord Aberdeen intervened and asked Mr. Laurier to form a government.

90 years ago
1926


Academia
The U.S. College Entrance Examination Board administered the first Scholastic Aptitude Test exam.

75 years ago
1941


War
German forces captured Brest-Litovsk as well as the towns of Kovno and Lomza in Soviet-annexed Poland. U.S. Senator Harry Truman (Democrat--Missouri) urged the United States to help whichever side seemed to be losing in the war between Germany and the U.S.S.R., and thus "let them kill as many as possible." U.S. Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas) predicted that the U.S.S.R. would be defeated within 30 days.

World events
The Lithuanian Activist Front declared independence from the U.S.S.R. and formed the Provisional Government of Lithuania.

Diplomacy
Polish Prime Minister Wladyslaw Sikorski, in a broadcast from London, offered to resume friendly relations with the U.S.S.R. if the Soviets reinstated the Treaty of Riga boundary.

Defense
The U.S. War Department modified the property seizure bill, limiting the President's requisitioning authority to military or naval equipment and material and machinery needed for their manufacture.

Labour
In an effort to end the San Francisco shipyards strike, the United States navy ordered striking Congress of Industrial Organizations and American Federation of Labor machinists to be signed on civil service rolls.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
William S. Hart, 81
. U.S. actor. Mr. Hart had a successful career on stage, but achieved fame as the foremost star of Western movies from 1914--when he starred in The Bargain--through 1925, when he starred in his last film, Tumbleweeds.

War
Allied Supreme Commander in Europe General Dwight Eisenhower released his official report on Allied operations in Europe from D-Day (June 6, 1944) to V-E Day (May 8, 1945), stating that the war had been won due to material superiority and the spirit of the fighting men.

World events
U.S. Army authorities reported that 10,000 Eastern European Jews were entering the American zone in Germany every month.

Diplomacy
India appealed to the United Nations to place her dispute with the United Nations on the General Assembly's agenda, charging South Africa with discrimination against the 250,000 Indians there.

Protest
100,000 demonstrators carrying anti-American signs greeted a U.S. truce inspection team in Shanghai.

Disasters
A magnitude 7.3 earthquake hit the Forbidden Plateau area of central Vancouver Island, British Columbia just to the west of Courtenay and Campbell River, causing major damage and two deaths.

Tennis
Don Budge defeated Bobby Riggs to win the world professional clay championship in Richmond, Virginia.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Steig in das Traumboot der Liebe--Caterina Valente & Silvio Francesco as Club Indonesia (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): I'll Be Home--Pat Boone (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1; Top 100--1st week at #1); Heartbreak Hotel--Elvis Presley (Jukebox--8th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant (2nd week at #1)
2 Moonglow and Theme from "Picnic"--Morris Stoloff and the Columbia Pictures Orchestra
--George Cates and his Orchestra
3 I'm in Love Again--Fats Domino
4 Standing on the Corner--The Four Lads
5 I Almost Lost My Mind--Pat Boone
6 Heartbreak Hotel--Elvis Presley
7 Ivory Tower--Cathy Carr
--Gale Storm
--Otis Williams and the Charms
8 On the Street Where You Live--Vic Damone
9 Born to Be with You--The Chordettes
10 Transfusion--Nervous Norvus

Singles entering the chart were Love, Love, Love by the Clovers (#38); Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera) by Doris Day (#40); Canadian Sunset by Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra with Eddie Heywood (#46); Never Turn Back by Al Hibbler (#47); Tell Me Why, with versions by the Crew-Cuts and Gale Storm (#48); and Roll Over Beethoven by Chuck Berry (#50). Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera) was from the movie The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956), and went on to win the Academy Award for Best Original Song.

Died on this date
Reinhold Glière, 81
. Russian composer. Mr. Glière wrote chamber music as a young man, but was best known in later years for operas, ballets, and cantatas, as well as concerti for harp.

Defense
U.S. Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Arleigh Burke warned that the U.S.S.R. would soon have missile-launching submarines "that can devastate our important cities."

Politics and government
The French National Assembly took the first step in creating the French Community by passing the Loi Cadre, transferring a number of powers from Paris to elected territorial governments in French West Africa.

Egypt's ruling Revolutionary Command Council was dissolved in preparation for return to civilian rule.

Energy
The Krupp concern of Essen, Farbwerke Hoechst and Farbenfabriken Bayer disclosed plans to form a non-profit 20-million-mark corporation to finance West German atomic reactor construction.

Religion
The Congregational Christian General Council meeting in Omaha approved a plan to merge the Congregational Christian, Evangelical, and Reformed denominations into a new United Church of Christ, which would be the seventh-largest Protestant denomination in the United States.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Paperback Writer--The Beatles

Scandal
The Amateur Athletic Union of Canada handed two-week suspensions to three athletes and a coach as a result of accusations made by Canadian middle-distance runner Bill Crothers. Bob Meldrum, coach of the Toronto Tigerettes, were suspended, as were athletes Nancy McCredie of Brampton, Ontario; Susan Nigh of Markham, Ontario; and Peter Boag of Toronto. The athletes were suspended for taking the banned drug dexadrine while with the Don Mills Track Club. The AAUC also banned the club from using a professional coach, who was unnamed. The coach was Lloyd Percival, who denied being a professional, and threatened legal action against the AAUC.

Boxing
Oscar Bonavena (21-2) won a 10-round majority decision over George Chuvalo (35-13-2) in a heavyweight bout before 11,192 fans at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. Chuvalo complained that Mr. Bonavena spent the fight holding and clinching.

40 years ago
1976


Diplomacy
In a vote of the United Nations Security Council, the United States vetoed Angola's bid for membership in the UN.

South African Prime Minister John Vorster and U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger began two days of talks in West Germany.

30 years ago
1986

Baseball

Andres Galarraga singled home Herm Winningham with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 5-4 win over the New York Mets before 44,199 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Juan Samuel hit 2 home runs and a double, scored 2 runs, and drove in 6 as the Philadelphia Phillies routed the Chicago Cubs 19-1 before 21,899 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

Tommy Herr singled home Terry Pendleton with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 2-1 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 25,506 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Phil Garner singled off Ted Power to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning, and Glenn Davis followed with a 2-run home run to give the Houston Astros a 7-6 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 12,953 fans at the Astrodome.

Mike LaCoss pitched a 3-hitter and hit his first major league home run as the San Francisco Giants routed the San Diego Padres 18-1 before 10,604 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. LaCoss hit his home run off infielder Dane Iorg, who had been brought in to pitch with the game out of reach for the Padres.

Mike Pagliarulo hit a home run and 2 doubles as the New York Yankees beat the Boston Red Sox 11-3 before 35,355 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Ron Kittle hit home runs in each of the first 2 innings and Greg Walker added a grand slam as the Chicago White Sox beat the Minnesota Twins 11-2 before 18,687 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Gary Allanson and Tony Bernazard hit consecutive home runs to climax a 6-run 4th inning as the Cleveland Indians defeated the Seattle Mariners 8-6 before 12,259 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. The Mariners hit the game's other 4 homers.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'll Do 4 U--Father MC (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)--Cher (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Wind of Change--Scorpions (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Lea Padovani, 70
. Italian actress. Miss Padovani appeared in 60 movies, including Black Dossier (1955) and The Intruder (1956).

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Coco Jamboo--Mr. President (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Macarena--Los Del Rio (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Andreas Papandreou, 77
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1983-1989, 1993-1996. Dr. Papandreou began his education in Greece, but left for the United States in the 1930s after being accused of Trotskyism by the fascist regime of Ioannis Metaxas. Dr. Papndreou was an economist at various universities in North America before returning to Greece in 1959. He was imprisoned when a military dictatorship took power in 1967, but was allowed to move to Sweden, where he formed the Panhellenic Liberation Movement (PAK). When the military junta fell in 1974, Dr. Papandreaou returned to Greece, dissolved the PAK, and founded the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK), which he led until his death. As Prime Minister, he led governments that initiated leftist domestic policies, while charting an independent foreign policy. Dr. Papandreaou resigned as Prime Minister because of ill health five months before his death from heart and kidney failure.

Diplomacy
A three-day Arab summit in Cairo concluded with a call for complete Israeli withdrawal from all Palestinian territory, including the Arab area of Jerusalem, to allow for an independent Palestinian state.

Religion
Most Reverend Desmond Tutu, 64, retired as Archbishop of Cape Town and head of the Anglican Church of South Africa. He remained head of the country's Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-0) 33 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 13

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Aaron Spelling, 83
. U.S. television producer. Mr. Spelling appeared as an actor in minor roles in various movies and television programs, but was best known as one of television's most commercially successful producers, with programs such as Charlie's Angels (1976-1981); The Love Boat (1977-1986); Dynasty (1981-1989); and Beverly Hills 90210 (1990-2000).

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-1) 9 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 16

Wednesday, June 22, 2016

June 22, 2016

110 years ago
1906


Europeana
The flag of Sweden was adopted.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Pat Harrison, 59
. U.S. politician. Mr. Harrison, a Democrat, represented Mississippi's 6th District in the United States House of Representatives from 1911-1919 and represented Mississippi in the United States Senate from 1919 until his death. He had been a member of the Senate Finance Committee since 1933 and President pro tempore of the Senate since January 6, 1941.

War
War
German forces, aided by Romanian forces on the Bessarabian front, invaded the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa. Italy also declared war on the U.S.S.R. John T. Flynn of the America First Committee asked, "Are we going to fight to make Europe safe for Communism?"

World events
The June Uprising in Lithuania against the U.S.S.R. began.

Defense
U.S. Marines secretly sailed for Iceland.

Tennis
Frank Parker defeated Bobby Riggs to win the U.S. clay court championship in Chicago.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (5th week at #1)

War
At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, former German Foreign Minister Constantin von Neurath declared that the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations were responsible for World War II.

Diplomacy
At the request of U.S. authorities, the U.S.S.R. withdrew its consul from Seoul.

Returning from Korea, U.S. Reparations Commissioner Edwin Pauley reported to U.S. President Harry Truman that "Communism in Korea could get off to a better start than practically anywhere else in the world," and warned that "the U.S. should not waive its...claim to Japanese assets located in Korea until a democratic form of government is assured."

Representatives of the American republics signed a convention for uniform copyright protection of literary, scientific, and artistic works.

Politics and government
The Italian cabinet formally abolished the Senate, whose members had been appointed by the King for life.

Protest
Indian National Congress Party leader Jawaharlal Nehru returned to New Delhi after his release by Kashmiri authorities, following strikes and disturbances in Bombay, Calcutta, and other Indian cities.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the Consumer Price Index had risen 0.5% in the month ending May 15 to reach 131.5% of the 1935-1939 index. U.S. Stabilization Director Chester Bowles forecast an increase in meat supplies within six months and alleviation of bread shortages within 30 days.

Business
A syndicate including Bill Veeck and entertainer Bob Hope bought the Cleveland Indians of major league baseball's American League.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I'll Be Home--Pat Boone (2nd week at #1)

Defense
The United States detonated a missile-borne hydrogen bomb at an altitude of 22,000 feet in its Pacific testing area.

Politics and government
In a plebiscite in Egypt, voters overwhelmingly approved Gamal Abdel Nasser as President of Egypt, and voted in favour of a new constitution.

Parliamentary elections in Iceland resulted in victory for the Social Democratic-Progressive coalition, which opposed Icelandic affiliation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Peruvian authorities declared industrialist Manuel Prado y Ugareche winner of the closest presidential election in the country's history.

The U.S. Social Security Administration reversed a Department of Health, Education and Welfare order denying social security benefits to employees of the Communist Party U.S.A.

Academia
The University of Chicago announced plans to begin a student exchange the following year with Moscow University.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Baretta's Theme--Sammy Davis, Jr. (5th week at #1)

30 years ago
1986


Soccer
Soccer
World Cup @ Mexico City
Quarter-Final
Argentina 2 England 1

Diego Maradona scored both goals for Argentina, but on his second goal, he seemed to punch the ball into the net rather than heading it in, but it was conveniently missed by the referee. When asked about the play later, Mr. Maradona said, "It was the hand of God."

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Anata ni aete yokatta--Kyoko Koizumi (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El 7 de Septiembre--Mecano (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Senza una donna--Zucchero & Paul Young (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Désenchantée--Mylène Farmer (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Gypsy Woman (La Da Dee La Da Da)--Crystal Waters

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I Wanna Sex You Up--Color Me Badd (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rush, Rush--Paula Abdul (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rush, Rush--Paula Abdul
2 I Wanna Sex You Up—Color Me Badd
3 More than Words—Extreme
4 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
5 Unbelievable—EMF
6 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
7 Power of Love/Love Power—Luther Vandross
8 Couple Days Off—Huey Lewis and the News
9 I Don’t Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey
10 I Like the Way (The Kissing Game)--High-Five

Singles entering the chart were Crazy by Seal (#79); Only Time Will Tell by Nelson (#82); Nights Like This by After 7 (#84); Surrender by Trixter (#87); Can You Stop the Rain by Peabo Bryson (#88); Hard to Handle by the Black Crowes (#89); and Learning to Fly by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 More than Words—Extreme (3rd week at #1)
2 I Don’t Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey
3 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
4 Rush, Rush—Paula Abdul
5 Couple Days Off—Huey Lewis and the News
6 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
7 Walking in Memphis—Marc Cohn
8 Unbelievable--EMF
9 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
10 Part of You, Part of Me—Glenn Frey

Singles entering the chart were Fading Like a Flower (Every Time You Leave) by Roxette (#53); Let Her Go by Gregory Hoskins (#72); Rebel Heart by Rod Stewart (#75); The Other Side of Summer by Elvis Costello (#78); Seeing Things by the Black Crowes (#82); Cry to Me by Darby Mills (#88) Blood on the Bricks by Aldo Nova (#89); After the Rain by Blue Rodeo (#90); Someone by the Rembrandts (#95); and Runaround by Glen Stace (#96).

Hockey
NHL
In the annual entry draft, the Quebec Nordiques selected centre Eric Lindros of the Oshawa Generals as the first overall choice; he had indicated in advance that he had no intention of playing for the Nordiques.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Macarena--Los Del Rio (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (6th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (5th week at #1)
2 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
3 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
4 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
5 You're the One--SWV
6 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
7 Theme from Mission: Impossible--Adam Clayton and Larry Mullen
8 Sweet Dreams--La Bouche
9 Why I Love You So Much--Monica
10 Fastlove--George Michael

Singles entering the chart were Let it Flow; and How Do U Want It/California Love by 2Pac (featuring KC & JoJo)/(featuring Dr. Dre & Roger Troutman) (#52).

10 years ago
2006


Abominations
Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper offered a formal apology and $20,000 compensation to survivors or spouses for the head tax which had been applied to Chinese immigrants between 1885-1923. Mr. Harper's politically correct grovelling was one of the acts which permanently lost his "Conservative" party my vote.

Tuesday, June 21, 2016

June 21, 2016

225 years ago
1791


World events
King Louis XVI of France and his immediate family began their flight to Varennes during the French Revolution.

160 years ago
1856


Communications
Montréal Telegraph Company installed a submarine telegraph from Prescott, Ontario to Ogdensburg, New York, with a link to New York City.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Buddy O'Connor
. Canadian hockey player. Herbert William O'Connor was a centre with the Montreal Canadiens (1941-47) and New York Rangers (1947-50), scoring 397 points on 140 goals and 257 assists in 509 regular season games and 36 points on 15 goals and 21 assists in 53 playoff games. He was a member of Stanley Cup championship teams in 1944 and 1946, and in 1947-48 won the Hart Memorial Trophy as the National Hockey League's Most Valuable Player and the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy as the NHL's most gentlemanly player, while finishing second behind former teammate Elmer Lach in scoring. Mr. O'Connor was named Canada's outstanding athlete of 1948. He died on August 24, 1977 at the age of 61, and was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1988.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Daddy--Sammy Kaye and his Orchestra

War
General Henri Dentz ordered French forces to withdraw from Damascus to avoid street fighting; British forces immediately occupied the city. The Soviet Red Army completed the removal of civilians from the border zone 60 miles deep along the Polish demarcation line, and withdrew its main forces from 12-30 miles behind their original line, leaving small garrisons facing the German armies.

Labour
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt named William H. Davis to succeed Clarence Dykstra as chairman of the National Defense Mediation Board; Mr. Dykstra had resigned two days earlier.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department disclosed the draft text of a proposal by Secretary of State James Byrnes at the recent Paris conference of foreign ministers, under which the United States would share control of Japan with the U.S.S.R., U.K., and China for 25 years.

Politics and government
Gordon Macdonald was appointed the last Newfoundland colonial Governor-General; he served until Confederation in 1949.

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate a bill giving the U.S. Army $7.091 billion for fiscal 1947, the largest peacetime military appropriation in American history to date.

Law
The United States Senate completed action on the Hobbs anti-racketeering bill, which provided for up to 20 years imprisonment and up to $10,000 in fines for interference by "robbery or extortion" or threats of violence with the movement of interstate goods.

Education
The American Library Association elected Mary Rothrock as its president after hearing U.S. Representative Emily Douglas (Democrat--Illinois) assert that 35 million Americans lacked adequate library service.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate raised the price of silver from 71.1c to 90.3c per ounce effective July 1, 1946 as part of an appropriations bill for the U.S. Treasury and Post Office.

The U.S. Office of Price Administration granted soft-coal operators a price increase of 40.5c per ton to offset wage increases.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Amour, Castagnettes et Tango--Lucienne Delyle (8th week at #1)

Television
National Telefilm Associates, Inc. announced plans to launch the "fourth" U.S. television network in September 1956. The DuMont network had ceased non-sports programming in September 1955, and was now broadcasting only occasional sporting events.

World events
The East German government announced the release of 19,064 political prisoners (including 691 amnestied Social Democrats) as "a contribution to alleviation of the German situation.

Defense
North Vietnam announced plans to demobilize 30,000 more men, bringing its total force reduction since 1954 to 80,000.

U.S. Defense Secretary Charles Wilson claimed that the U.S. B-52 bomber had a greater range and altitude than the Soviet Bison, adding that the U.S.S.R. could attack American targets only by one-way suicide flights due to lack of refuelling planes.

Politics and government
Playwright Arthur Miller, testifying before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities, that he had "erred" in signing appeals by Communist-front groups in the 1940s, and agreed to sign an affidavit certifying that he was not a Communist.

Science
The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission reported the discovery in its Los Alamos, New Mexico laboratory of the neutrino, a "vanishing small" particle of the atom having no electrical charge.

Energy
The United States signed a pact with Switzerland for the sale of nuclear fuel.

50 years ago
1966


Diplomacy
King Faisal of Saudi Arabia arrived in Washington, D.C. to begin a 10-day visit to the United States.

Canadiana
The renovated birthplace in Guelph, Ontario of Dr. John McCrae, author of the World War I poem In Flanders Fields, was designated a national historic site; it opened to public on September 8, 1968.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Fernando--ABBA (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Beautiful Sunday--Daniel Boone (14th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Save Your Kisses for Me--The Brotherhood of Man (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
In Italian parliamentary elections, the Communist Party recorded gains, winning 116 of 315 elected seats in the Senate and 228 of 630 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Live to Tell--Madonna (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): J'aimie Le Vie--Sandra Kim (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What Have You Done for Me Lately--Janet Jackson

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Edge of Heaven--Wham!

#1 single in the U.K.: Spirit in the Sky--Doctor and the Medics (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): On My Own--Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 On My Own--Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald (2nd week at #1)
2 Live to Tell--Madonna
3 I Can’t Wait--Nu Shooz
4 There’ll Be Sad Songs (To Make You Cry)—Billy Ocean
5 Greatest Love of All--Whitney Houston
6 No One is to Blame—Howard Jones
7 Crush on You—The Jets
8 A Different Corner—George Michael
9 Holding Back the Years—Simply Red
10 Something About You—Level 42

Singles entering the chart were Suzanne by Journey (#57); A Kind of Magic by Queen (#79); Words Get in the Way by Miami Sound Machine (#84); You Don't Have to Cry by Rene and Angela (#86); Baby Love by Regina (#87); Touch and Go by Emerson, Lake & Powell (#88); Take My Breath Away by Berlin (#89); and If Anybody Had a Heart by John Waite (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 On My Own—Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald
2 Live to Tell--Madonna
3 A Different Corner—George Michael
4 Greatest Love of All--Whitney Houston
5 The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush
6 Holding Back the Years—Simply Red
7 There’ll Be Sad Songs (To Make You Cry)—Billy Ocean
8 What Have You Done for Me Lately--Janet Jackson
9 No One is to Blame—Howard Jones
10 West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys

Singles entering the chart were Higher Love by Steve Winwood (#87); Glory of Love by Peter Cetera (#89); Boy Inside the Man by Tom Cochrane and Red Rider (#91); Mountains by Prince (#95); Dreams by Van Halen (#98); and Take it Easy by Andy Taylor (#99).

Baseball
Bo Jackson, winner of the 1985 Heisman Trophy as the outstanding college football player in the United States, signed with the Kansas City Royals. The National Football League’s Tampa Bay Buccaneers had selected him as the first choice in the 1986 NFL draft.

25 years ago
1991


Politics and government
Victor Goldbloom was appointed by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney to replace D'Iberville Fortier as Canada's Commissioner of Official Languages; Mr. Goldbloom was the provincial Liberal cabinet minister when Québec introduced its language laws.

20 years ago
1996


Canadiana
The first National Aboriginal Day was celebrated across Canada. June 21 was chosen because of the summer solstice, the first day of summer and longest day of the year.

Health
The European Union agreed to phase out the ban on British beef in return for a more extensive slaughter program that included up to 147,000 head of cattle.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-1) 34 @ Edmonton (0-2) 31

Troy Westwood's field goal on the last play of the game gave the Blue Bombers their win over the Eskimos at Commonwealth Stadium.

10 years ago
2006


Space
Pluto's newly discovered moons were officially named Nix and Hydra.

Monday, June 20, 2016

June 20, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Brian Wilson and Dale Hein!

450 years ago
1566


Born on this date
Sigismund III
. King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, 1587-1632; King of Sweden, 1592-1599. Sigismund, the son of King John III of Sweden and Catherine Jagiellon of Poland, was elected to the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth following the death of his uncle, King Stephen Bathory. Sigismund was a Roman catholic, and he wished to reclaim the throne of Sweden, which was a country dominated by Protestants. He agreed to respect Lutheranism as the official religion of Sweden, and the Swedish Parliament then approved him as King. King Sigismund was deposed from the Swedish throne by his uncle, who became King Charles IX; Sigismund was never successful in attempts to reclaim the throne. He remained monarch of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until his death from a stroke at the age of 65 on April 30, 1632, and was succeeded by his son King Władysław IV.

260 years ago
1756


Abominations
A British garrison was imprisoned in the Black Hole of Calcutta after Bengal forces had captured Fort William in the city. Estimates differ, but at least 64 were confined in a space meant to hold no more than three, and most were dead during the period of confinement from 8 P.M. to 6 A.M. the following day.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
John A. Costello
. Taoiseach of Ireland, 1948-1951; 1954-1957. Mr. Costello, member of the Fine Gael party, was Attorney Genera of Ireland from 1926-1932, and was first elected to the Teachta Dála (lower house of Parliament) in 1933. He was Taoiseach (Prime Minister) of a coalition government at the time Ireland was declared a republic in 1948. After electoral defeat in 1951, another coalition was successful in 1954, and Mr. Costello was elected to head the government again, until another electoral defeat in 1957. He died on January 5, 1976 at the age of 84.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Jean-Jacques Bertrand
. Canadian politician. Mr. Bertrand, a member of the Union Nationale, represented the riding of Missisquoi in the Legislative Assembly and National Assembly of Quebec from 1948 until his death. He held several cabinet posts, and became Premier of Quebec following the death of Daniel Johnson in 1968. Mr. Bertrand was a federalist, which put him at odds with members of his party who were Quebec nationalists. The UN was defeated by the Liberal Party in the provincial election in April 1970, and Mr. Bertrand resigned as party leader in 1971. He died on February 22, 1973 at the age of 56.

80 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Solitary Cyclist

75 years ago
1941


War
The British Royal Air Force bombed Damascus for the first time. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent a special message to Congress accusing Germany of acting as an "international outlaw" engaged in "piracy" in the May 21 torpedoing of the American freighter Robin Moor. Finland ordered general mobilization, calling up all reservists under 45 years of age.

Diplomacy
The United States asked Italy to close all 47 of her consulates and 7 Italian agencies in the United States and to remove all their employees by July 15, 1941.

Defense
The United States Army Air Corps was deprecated to being the American training and logistics section of what was to be known until 1947 as the United States Army Air Forces. U.S. President Roosevelt banned shipment of all petroleum products from the Atlantic coast to any countries except the British Empire, Ireland, Egypt, and the Western Hemisphere.

Archaeology
U.S.S.R. archaeologists in Sammarkand opened the tomb of Tamerlane, the Mongol warrior who had died in 1405, and found the skeleton well-preserved. The body had been embalmed with musk and rose water.

Americana
The Hoover Library on War, Peace, and Revolution was dedicated in Palo Alto, California. The library contained many rare documents of World War I.

Labour
Ford Motor Company personnel director Harry Bennett and Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray signed a contract covering 130,000 employees in Ford plants throughout the United States. The United Auto Workers won a union shop, wage increases, and a dues check-off.

Track and field
Archie Harris of Indiana University set a world record in the discus throw of 175 feet 8 3/4 inches in the trials for the National Collegiate Athletic Asociation championships in Palo Alto, California.

70 years ago
1946


War
Chinese Communist leader Chou En-lai rejected the Nationalist proposal that U.S. Army General George Marshall be given supreme arbitration power in the truce negotiations.

Crime
Fred Rose, a former member of the Canadian House of Commons (Labour-Progressive--Cartier), was sentenced to six years in prison for spying for the U.S.S.R. Mr. Rose was charged after Igor Gouzenko, a cipher clerk at the Soviet embassy in Ottawa, defected in 1945 and implicated Mr. Rose, whose Labour-Progressive Party was really the Communist Party in disguise.

Politics and government
Jawaharlal Nehru, President-elect of India's Congress, was arrested by Kashmiri authorities for refusing to obey an order banning him from the state.

The State of Georgia began proceedings to revoke the charter of the Ku Klux Klan, charging it with a conspiracy to seize key government agencies and issuing propaganda advocating violence.

Society
Jordanian scientist Djamil Pasha Tutunji urged increased study of birth control, saying that within 100 years the world willl be too small for its population, "and war would be inevitable."

Energy
U.S. President Harry Truman urged that nuclear research and development be placed in the hands of a civilian commission, and supported Bernard Baruch's plan for international control of atomic energy.

Law
The United States Senate confirmed the nomination of Fred Vinson as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Labour
The strike of 27,000 woodworkers of the Canadian Congress of Labour (CCL) British Columbia District 1 of the International Woodworkers of America, which had begun May 15, 1946, ended. The union won the first industry-wide contract, reducing the work week from 54 to 44 hours, and increasing wages by 10¢ per hour.

60 years ago
1956


Diplomacy
In Moscow, U.S.S.R. Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev and Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito signed a joint declaration of renewed friendship between their respective Communist parties. Marshal Tito also signed an agreement with Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin on U.S.S.R.-Yugoslavian government relations.

In Washington, U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and French Foreign Minister Christian Pineau issued a joint communique on their talks, expressing hope for a "liberal and just solution" in Algeria to "enable the European and Moslem populations to live and work together in peace and harmony."

Politics and government
Premier Tommy Douglas led his Co-operative Commonwealth Federation to its fourth consecutive majority government in the Saskatchewan provincial election. The CCF captured 36 of 53 seats in the Legislative Assembly, down from 42 in the 1952 election. The Liberal Party, led by Alexander McDonald, won 14 seats, an increase of three from 1952. The other 3 seats were won by the Social Credit Party, which didn't have a leader. The CCF took 45.3% of the vote, a decrease of 8.8% from 1952. The Liberals took 30.3% of the vote, down 8.9% from 1952. Social Credit recieved 21.5% of the vote--an increase of 17.6% from 1952--but it was spread throughout the province, which is why they won so few seats.

The French cabinet approved division of the four Algerian administrative departments into 12 new departments.

Crime
New York U.S. Federal Judge Irving Kaufman refused to set aside the conviction and 300-year prison sentence of Morton Sobell as a Soviet spy, saying that no new grounds had been offered to support his plea.

Energy
The U.S. State Department announced an agreement to sell 88 pounds of uranium to France and 1,100 pounds to Australia for atomic power plants.

Disasters
74 people--64 passengers and 10 crew members--were killed when a Venezuelan Super-Constellation crashed in the Atlantic Ocean off Asbury Park, New Jersey.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ninguno Me Puede Juzgar (Nessuno Mi Puo Giudicare)--Caterina Caselli (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Paperback Writer--The Beatles

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Green Grass--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
2 The More I See You--Chris Montez
3 Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones
4 La La La--Gerry and the Pacemakers
5 Sweet Talkin' Guy--The Chiffons
6 Jug Band Music--The Lovin' Spoonful
7 She Blew a Good Thing--The Poets
8 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Dusty Springfield
9 I Am a Rock--Simon and Garfunkel
10 What am I Gonna Do--Robbie Lane

Singles entering the chart were Paperback Writer by the Beatles (#49); You Just Can't Quit by Rick Nelson (#86); Come Running Back by Dean Martin (#88); When a Woman Loves a Man by Esther Phillips (#89); Solitary Man by Neil Diamond (#90); Day for Decision by Johnny Sea (#91); (I Washed My Hands In) Muddy Water by Johnny Rivers (#92); Ninety-Nine-and-a-Half (Won't Do) by Wilson Pickett (#93); Let's Go Get Stoned by Ray Charles (#94); I Can't Explain by the King Beezz (#96); Oh Yeah by the Shadows of Knight (#98); Brainwashed by David Clayton-Thomas (#99); and Good Time Charlie by Bobby Bland (#100).

Diplomacy
French President Charles de Gaulle began a 12-day visit to the U.S.S.R.

Agriculture
Canada sold the U.S.S.R. $800 million worth of wheat and flour; it was the world's biggest wheat deal to date, at 336 million bushels

Golf
Billy Casper defeated Arnold Palmer in an 18-hole playoff to win the U.S. Open at the Olympic Club in San Francisco. Mr. Casper shot a 1-under-par 69, four strokes ahead of Mr. Palmer. Mr. Casper, who had come back from a 7-stroke deficit with 9 holes remaining in the 4th round, came from 2 strokes behind with 9 holes remaining in the playoff round. First prize money was $26,500, including a $1,500 bonus for the playoff.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Lou Klein, 57
. U.S. baseball player and coach. Mr. Klein was a second baseman and shortstop with the St. Louis Cardinals (1943, 1945-1946, 1949); Cleveland Indians (1951); and Philadelphia Athletics (1951), batting .259 with 16 home runs and 101 runs batted in in 305 games. Most of his success came in his rookie year, when he batted .287 with 7 homers and 62 RBIs in 154 games as the Cardinals won the National League pennant. Mr. Klein served in the United States Coast Guard during the remainder of World War II, and was unable to regain his starting job when he returned to the Cardinals. He jumped to the Mexican League early in the 1946 season, and was suspended from the major leagues until 1949. Mr. Klein joined the Chicago Cubs as a coach in 1960, and was part of the Cubs' rotating "College of Coaches" from 1961-1965, compiling a record of 65-82 during three stints as head coach. He died from a stroke.

World events
Hundreds of Americans and Britons were evacuated from Beirut and taken to safety in Syria by the U.S. military, following the June 17 kidnapping and murder of U.S. Ambassador to Lebanon Francis Meloy and Economic Counselor Robert Waring.

Politics and government
Turkish Cypriots elected Rauf Denktash as President of the self-proclaimed Turkish Federated State of Cyprus.

Labour
A nine-day "gens de l'air" strike by Canadian air traffic controllers over use of French at Québec airports began; the strike ended after an agreement among the federal government, pilots and controllers.

Golf
Jerry Pate won the U.S. Open at Atlanta Athletic Club in Duluth, Georgia with a 3-under-par score of 277, two strokes ahead of Al Geiberger and Ton Weiskopf. First prize money was $42,000.

30 years ago
1986


Music
The first Prince's Trust concert took place in London; artists performing to aid Prince Charles' charity included Eric Clapton, Elton John, Tina Turner, and Bryan Adams.

Politics and government
Jean Drapeau, 70, resigned as Mayor of Montréal after suffering a stroke. Mr. Drapeau served as Mayor from 1954-1957 and 1960-1986, and was in office when the city hosted the Expo 67 world's fair in 1967, and the Summer Olympic Games in 1976.

Baseball
The Chicago White Sox, sixth and last in the American league West Division with a record of 26-38, fired manager Tony LaRussa, who had held the position since 1979 and had led them to the division title in 1983. Doug Rader relaced Mr. LaRussa for 2 games before Jim Fregosi was hired as manager.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Light My Fire--The Doors (2nd week at #1)

Germanica
The Bundestag voted to move the German capital from Bonn back to Berlin.

Defense
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney attended the Conference of Security and Co-operation in Europe in Germany; the conference adopted the Canadian proposal to monitor arms build-ups.

Politics and government
The Edwards-Beaudoin Committee recommended a regional veto to the Canadian Constitution, and unanimous consent for changes involving the monarch, language and resources. All other changes would require consent of Ottawa, Ontario, Québec, two Western, and two Atlantic provinces. The Québec Liberal government of Premier Robert Bourassa pushed through Bill 150 (an Act respecting the process for determining the political and constitutional future of Québec) in closing session, requiring a referendum on the province's sovereignty by October, 1992. The government also decreased payments to municipalities and put a wage freeze on public sector. Mr. Bourassa also announces a by-election in the riding of Montmorency on August 12, 1991; the riding had been vacated by fomer revenue minister Yves Séguin, who had resigned in protest against combining the provincial sales tax with the federal government's Goods and Services Tax.

Diplomacy
The inquiry into the fast-track immigration into Canada of Mohamed Al-Mashat, an Iraqi diplomat and defector from the regime of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, agreed on the flawed and controversial processing of the case.

Labour
Uniroyal Goodrich Tire decided to keep one of two plants, making a deal with the United Rubber Workers Union, saving 1,000 of the present 2,000 jobs. The plant saved was the one in Kitchener, Ontario.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Theme from Mission: Impossible--Adam Clayton & Larry Mullen, Jr.

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Macarena--Los Del Rio

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Columbia, with a seven-member crew led by Commander Terence Henricks and including one Canadian--Payload Specialist Bob Thirsk--launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin mission STS-78. It ended up as the longest mission to date at 15 days 12 hours, and carried the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS).

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (2-0) 43 @ Hamilton (1-1) 39

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Billy Johnson, 87
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Johnson was a third baseman with the New York Yankees (1943, 1946-1951) and St. Louis Cardinals (1951-1953), batting .271 with 61 home runs and 487 runs batted in in 964 regular season games and .237 with no homers and 5 RBIs in 18 World Series games. He led the American League in triples in 1947 with 13, and played with the World Series championship teams in 1943, 1947, 1949, and 1950, leading the 1943 World Series in hits (6) and the 1947 World Series in triples (3).

Politics and government
Francis MacKenzie resigned as leader of the Nova Scotia Liberal Party after the party's third-place showing in the recent provincial election; his resignation meant the at the party would have its fourth leader in 10 years.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Miami 95 @ Dallas 92 (Miami won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Dwyane Wade scored 36 points to lead the Heat over the Mavericks before 20,522 at American Airlines Center and their first championship ever. Jason Terry missed a 3-point field goal attempt in the final seconds of the game that would have sent it to overtime. Dirk Nowitzki led the Mavericks with 29 points and 15 rebounds. Mr. Wade was named the Finals' Most Valuable Player, averaging 34.7 points per game.