Thursday, August 25, 2016

August 25, 2016

1,250 years ago
766


Died on this date
Constantine Podopagouros
. Roman politician. Strategios_Podopagouros. Roman military officer. Constantine and Strategius Podopagouros were brothers who were among 19 high-ranking officials accused of plotting against Emperor Constantine V. The emperor had the brothers beheaded, and exiled and/or blinded the others.

175 years ago
1841


Born on this date
Emil Theodor Kocher
. Swiss physician. Dr. Kocher was awarded the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his work on the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid gland." He was the first Swiss and first surgeon to win a Nobel Prize. Dr. Kocher died on July 27, 1917 at the age of 75.

130 years ago
1886


Died on this date
Zinovios Valvis, 86 (?)
. Prime Minister of Greece, February-April 1863, April-August 1864. Mr. Valvis was the older brother of Dimitrios Valvis, who was Prime Minister for 12 days in 1886.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Frederick Robbins
. U.S. pediatrician and virologist. Dr. Robbins shared the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with John Enders and Thomas Weller "for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue," paving the way for polio vaccines. Dr. Robbins died on August 4, 2003, three weeks before his 87th birthday.

Van Johnson. U.S. actor. Mr. Johnson was one of the most popular actors of the 1940s and 1950s, appearing in movies such as The Human Comedy (1943); A Guy Named Joe (1943); Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944); Battleground (1949); and The Caine Mutiny (1954). He suffered serious injuries in a car accident in 1943; his scalp was almost sheared off, and he was left with a visible scar. Mr. Johnson died on December 12, 2008 at the age of 92.

Environment
The United States Department of the Interior created the National Park Service to manage and preserve national parks and monuments for future generations.

75 years ago
1941


War
The U.S.S.R. government announced that Novgorod, 100 miles from Leningrad, had been abandoned. A small British-Canadian commando force destroyed radio and weather stations and coal supplies on Spitsbergen Island, Norway to destroy anything of use to the Germans. U.K. and U.S.S.R. troops invaded Iran at five points "for purposes of self-defense" to thwart "attempts by the Axis powers to establish control" over the country.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the $7.55-billion supplemental defense appropriations bill. U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles said that the United States would increase supplies of defense materials urgently needed by Latin American countries.

Politics and government
The U.S. Senate, in a close vote, confirmed the nomination of Rexford Tugwell as Governor of Puerto Rico.

Economics and finance
Argentine Foreign Minister Enrique de Ruiz-Guinazu announced an agreement with Italy for the purchase of 16 Italian ships interned in Argentine ports.

U.S. President Roosevelt vetoed a bill to freeze the government's stock of cotton and wheat.

Labour
The American Federation of Teachers voted to bar membership to anyone "whose actions are subject to totalitarian control," such as Communists, Nazis, or Fascists.

Academia
The New York City Board of Higher Education dismissed Arthur Braunlich, Dr. Walter Scott Neff, and Seymour Copstein, City College of New York instructors who had been found guilty of Communist activities.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
The government of Yugoslavia charged that U.K. and U.S. military planes had violated Yugoslavian air space 110 times between August 10-20, 1946.

World events
The London Sunday Observer reported that U.S.S.R. authorities had confiscated over 200 industrial works in their zone of Germany, employing over 300,000 workers, as "Soviet state property."

Muslim extremists in India attempted to assassinate Shafaat Ahmad Khan, a Muslim official who had violated Muslim League policy by accepting a post in the country's interim government.

Defense
U.S. Army Ground Forces Commander General Jacob Devers authorized the creation of 315 Negro reserve units.

Golf
Ben Hogan won the PGA Championship at Portland Golf Club in Portland, Oregon, defeating Ed Oliver 6 and 4 in the final round of the match play tournament. It was the first major championship for Mr. Hogan. First prize money was $3,500.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Portuguese Washerwomen--Joe "Fingers" Carr

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heimweh--Freddy Quinn (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); My Prayer--The Platters (Disc Jockey-2nd week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1; Top 100--2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hound Dog--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
2 My Prayer--The Platters
3 The Flying Saucer (Parts 1 and 2)--Buchanan and Goodman
4 Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day
5 Don't Be Cruel--Elvis Presley
6 Canadian Sunset--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra with Eddie Heywood
--Andy Williams
7 Allegheny Moon--Patti Page
8 I Almost Lost My Mind--Pat Boone
9 Theme Song from Song for a Summer Night (Parts 1 and 2)--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra
10 The Fool--Sanford Clark
--The Gallahads

Singles entering the chart were The Bus Stop (A Paper of Pins) by the Four Lads (#32); When the White Lilacs Bloom Again, with versions by Hemlut Zacharias and his Magic Violins, Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra, Florian Zambach, LeRoy Holmes and his Orchestra, and Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra (#37); Let the Good Times Roll by Shirley and Lee (#39); In the Middle of the House, with versions by Vaughn Monroe and Rusty Draper (#40); and In the Still of the Nite by the Five Satins (#46). The Bus Stop (A Paper of Pins) was from the movie Bus Stop (1956).

Died on this date
Alfred Kinsey, 62
. U.S. sexologist. Dr. Kinsey, a biologist by training, founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University in 1947. He published the reports Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), which created the impression that the American people were far more liberal in their sexual behaviour than they actually were, or were willing to admit. Dr. Kinsey was reported to be bisexual, and he devised a scale of sexuality in which bisexuality rather than heterosexuality was the norm. It wasn't until many years after the publication of his reports that it was revealed that a disproportionate number of Dr. Kinsey's subjects in his research on male sexuality were convicted sex offenders, and a disproportionate number of his female subjects were prostitutes--not exactly representative of tha majority of the American people. Dr. Kinsey has been credited with creating the modern sexual revolution, and gets this blogger's vote as the most influential person in Western culture in the last half of the 20th century. He died of a reported heart ailment and pneumonia.

Defense
Afghan Prime Minister Prince Mohamed Daud Khan signed pacts with Czechoslovakia and the U.S.S.R. for the supply of arms, ammuniton, and aircraft to Afghanistan.

Politics and government
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower named former Central Intelligence Agency Deputy Director William Jackson as his special assistant for national security affairs.

Business
The Suez Canal Company said in Paris that it could no longer be responsible for the safety of its employees remaining in Egypt.

Labour
The United Steel Workers of America ended a 25-day strike against Reynolds Aluminum Company after signing a three-year contract providing for wage increases and fringe benefit increases of 45.6c per hour.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (0-1) 20 @ Montreal (1-0) 24

WIFU
Winnipeg (0-1) 16 @ Saskatchewan (1-2) 28
Calgary (0-2) 22 @ Edmonton (2-0) 23

ORFU
Rochester (0-1) 14 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (1-0) 30
Toronto (1-0) 22 @ Sarnia (0-1) 21

Jackie Parker scored 2 touchdowns and a single--which proved to be the deciding point--for the Eskimos as they edged the Stampeders at Clarke Stadium.

Billy Graham scored a touchdown, 3 converts, and a field goal to help the Dutchmen defeat the Rockets in the first game ever played by an American team in the ONtario Rugby Football Union. Roy King scored 2 touchdowns for Rochester.

Tom Urowitz scored 2 touchdowns to help Balmy Beach edged the Golden Bears at Norm Perry Park. Bernie Custis, playing his first game in the ORFU after five seasons as a star in the IRFU, scored the other Toronto TD. Gino Cappelletti, who had played quarterback with Sarnia in 1955, scored 2 converts and 2 singles for Toronto. Bill Travneck scored 2 touchdowns for Sarnia, who played their first game as the Golden Bears after more than 20 years as the Imperials. The team changed its name after Imperial Oil dropped its sponsorship of the club after the 1955 season. Former Winnipeg Blue Bomber and Montreal Alouette quarterback Joe Zaleski played his first game with the Golden Bears.

Baseball
The New York Yankees claimed 40-year-old outfielder Enos Slaughter on waivers from the Kansas City Athletics. Mr. Slaughter was in his 16th season in the major leagues, and was batting .278 with 2 home runs and 23 runs batted in in 91 games with Kansas City in 1956. To make room for him on the roster, the Yankees released shortstop Phil Rizzuto and offered him a coaching post should he decline an offer to become a baseball telecaster in Baltimore. Mr. Rizzuto was in his 14th season with the Yankees, and was batting .231 in 31 games with no home runs and 6 runs batted in in 1956.

Dick Donovan pitched a 6-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Whitey Ford as the Chicago White Sox defeated the New York Yankees 4-2 before 54,449 fans at Yankee Stadium.

The Washington Nationals scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning as they beat the Kansas City Athletics 8-4 before 2,352 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Roy Sievers and Jim Lemon hit home runs for the Nationals, while Eddie Yost, nicknamed "The Walking Man," drew 4 bases on balls. Enos Slaughter, in his last game with the Athletics, came to bat in the 8th inning as a pinch hitter and popped out to Mr. Yost at third base.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Music
The Beatles continued their final concert tour with two shows at Seattle Center Coliseum.

Space
The United States launched AS-202--a test of a production Block I Apollo Command/Service Module atop a Saturn IB rocket--from Cape Kennedy, Florida. The mission was a success and lasted 1 hour 33 minutes.

Protest
French President Charles de Gaulle began a world tour with a visit to French Somaliland, where rioting mobs demanded the colony's independence from France.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Eyvind Johnson, 76
. Swedish author. Mr. Johnson was a novelist and short story writer who was awarded a share of the 1974 Nobel Prize in Literature "for a narrative art, farseeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom."

Politics and government
French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac resigned and was succeeded by Raymond Barre, former minister of foreign trade.

Oil
The U.S. Interior Department accepted $1.13 billion in bids by oil companies to drill in the Atlantic Ocean.

Football
CFL
Calgary (0-5-1) 11 @ Hamilton (2-4) 18

Rick Cassata completed a 1-yard touchdown pass to Jimmy Edwards with 2:16 remaining in the game to cap an 85-yard drive and give the Tiger-Cats their victory over the Stampeders before 21,332 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Puerta de Alcalá--Víctor Manuel y Ana Belén (6th week at #1)

Baseball
Rookie third baseman Mark McGwire hit his first major league home run--a 450-foot blast to center field off Walt Terrell in the 5th inning--as Mr. McGwire and the Oakland Athletics beat the Detroit Tigers 8-4 before 20,475 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Doug DeCinces led off the 2nd and 4th innings with home runs to help the California Angels beat the New York Yankees 5-3 before 30,941 fans at Yankee Stadium. John Candelaria won the pitching matchup with Phil Niekro.

Larry Parrish drew a base on balls with 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 9th inning and Ruben Sierra followed with a home run to give the Texas Rangers a 4-2 win over the Boston Red Sox before 24,459 fans at Arlington Stadium. Boston starting pitcher Roger Clemens had a shutout after 7 innings, but Mr. Sierra hit an infield single with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th, and pinch hitter Geno Petralli followed with a 2-run home run to tie the score 2-2. Calvin Schiraldi took the mound for Boston in the 9th.

Eric Davis drove in 4 runs with a pair of home runs and a single to help the Cincinnati Reds edge the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-4 before 8,093 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

The Atlanta Braves scored all of their runs in the last 3 innings as they defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 4-2 before 21,808 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

The Houston Astros scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to beat the Chicago Cubs 4-3 before 24,211 fans at the Astrodome.

The Montreal Expos scored 5 runs in the top of the 1st inning and hld on to edge the San Francisco Giants 6-5 before 5,609 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Wind of Change--Scorpions (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)

War
The Battle of Vukovar began the 87-day siege of the Croatian city by the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), supported by various Serbian paramilitary forces during the Croatian War of Independence.

Europeana
Belarus gained her independence from the U.S.S.R.

Track and field
Carl Lewis of the United States set a world record in the men's 100-metre run at the world championships in Tokyo, covering the distance in 9.86 seconds.

Baseball
The California Angels fired Doug Rader as manager and replaced him with former Angels' catcher and former Montreal Expos' manager Buck Rodgers. Mr. Rader was in his third season as manager of the Angels, who were in seventh and last place in the American League West Division with a record of 61-63.

The Toronto Blue Jays scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning and 6 in the 8th as they came back from a 7-2 deficit to beat the New York Yankees 11-7 before 50,320 fans at SkyDome in Toronto. Toronto second baseman Roberto Alomar batted 3 for 4 with 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in, while Roberto Kelly drove in 4 runs for New York.

Dave Valle hit a solo home run in the top of the 9th to break a 2-2 tie and give the Texas Rangers a 3-2 lead over the Detroit Tigers, but the Tigers scored 2 in the bottom of the 9th to win 4-3 before 29,480 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Rod Nichols pitched a 3-hitter for his only major league shutout, improving his record for the season to 2-10, as the Cleveland Indians blanked the Chicago White Sox 3-0 before 10,106 fans at Cleveland Stadium.

The Texas Rangers scored a run in the top of the 9th inning to tie the game 4-4 and 4 runs in the top of the 11th to beat the Kansas City Royals 8-4 before 26,037 fans at Royals Stadium.

Doug Dascenzo of the Chicago Cubs made an error in his team's 12-9 loss to the San Diego Padres before 31,190 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago, ending the center fielder's errorless streak at 242 games, a National League record and 2 games short of the major league record. Darrin Jackson hit 2 home runs for the Padres. Scott May, the third of six Chicago pitchers, faced 3 batters and allowed 2 hits, a base on balls, and 3 runs--all earned--in his fifth and last major league game.

Mark Gardner allowed just 3 hits in 7 innings as he pitched the Montreal Expos to a 4-0 win over the Houston Astros before 10,851 fans at the Astrodome.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (5th week at #1)

Golf
Tiger Woods, 20, won an unprecedented third straight United States Amateur title, rallying from two strokes back with three holes to play to defeat Steve Scott of the University of Florida at Pumpkin Ridge Golf Club in Cornelius, Oregon. Mr. Woods turned professional two days later. In 1994 he had become the youngest amateur champion and the first Negro ever to win the title.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Noor Hassanali, 88
. 2nd President of Trinidad and Tobago, 1987-1997. Mr. Hassanali, a graduate of the University of Toronto, was a judge on the Court of Appeal from 1978-1985 before being elected President in 1987 and re-elected to the largely ceremonial position in 1992. He was the country's first Indo-Trinidadian President, and the first Muslim head of state in the Americas.

Football
CFL
Toronto (5-5) 18 @ Winnipeg (5-5) 15

Damon Allen threw 2 touchdown passes in the 4th quarter, with the second one going to Arland Bruce with 2:23 remaining, as the Argonauts rallied from a 15-0 deficit to beat the Blue Bombers before 25,014 fans at Canad Inns Stadium.

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

August 24, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sabbah Rose!

500 years ago
1516


War
Ottoman Empire forces commanded by Sultan Selim I defeated Mamluk Sultanate forces commanded by Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri in the Battle of Marj Dabiq in Syria.

200 years ago
1816


Diplomacy
The Treaty of St. Louis of 1816 was signed by representatives of the United States government and representatives of the Council of Three Fires (united tribes of Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi).

125 years ago
1891


Movies
Thomas Edison patented the motion picture camera.

100 years ago
1916


Protest
A large anti-conscription demonstration was held on the Place d'Armes in Montréal.

75 years ago
1941


War
U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill said that he and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt had, in their Atlantic Charter, pledged their countries to the final destruction of Nazi tyranny. Mr. Churchill warned that Japanese aggression in the Far East "has got to stop," but if it did not, the British would "range ourselves unhesitatingly at the side of the United States."

Abominations
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler ordered the cessation of Nazi Germany's systematic T4 euthanasia program of the mentally ill and the disabled due to protests, although killings continued for the remainder of World War II.

Defense
U.S. President Roosevelt authorized ther operation of foreign ships seized in American ports under British masters and crews flying the American flag.

Politics and government
U.S. President Roosevelt nominated Solicitor General Francis Biddle as U.S. Attorney General.

Labour
Workers at the Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Company plant in Kearny, New Jersey voted to end their 17-day strike, after Rear Admiral Harold Bowen formally took over the plant for the Navy.

American Federation of Labor members voted to end their strike against Detroit's streetcar and bus lines.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
James Clark McReynolds, 84
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. McReynolds was United States Attorney General in the administration of President Woodrow Wilson from 1913-1914, and was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1914-1941. He wrote over 506 opinions and was known for his opposition to the New Deal policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Diplomacy
Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitri Manuilski told the United Nations Security Council that Greece was attempting to provoke war with Albania and endangering peace in the Balkans.

Turkey sent a note to the U.S.S.R. rejecting the Soviet proposal for joint control of the Dardanelles and suggesting an international convention to bring the Montreaux agreement up to date.

Politics and government
The Japanese House of Representatives approved by a wide margin the proposed new constitution, proclaiming popular sovereignty and renouncing war as an instrument of national policy.

U.K. Viceroy in India Viscount Archibald Wavell announced the appointment of a Hindu-Muslim Executive Council, headed by Jawaharlal Nehru, to take office on September 2 and govern India until a new constitution was drawn up by the Assembly.

Defense
The U.S. Army Air Forces announced that all states had accepted their force allotments in the newly-created Air National Guard, which would number 72 fighter squadrons and 12 light bomber squadrons.

Economics and finance
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur ordered 505 Japanese plants in eight industries set aside as potential World War II reparations.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Mitchell Lewis, 76
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lewis appeared in more than 175 movies--often in uncredited roles--from 1914 until his death. His films included Ben-Hur (1925); A Tale of Two Cities (1935); and The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Kenji Mizoguchi, 58. Japanese film director. Mr. Mizoguchi directed dozens of films from the 1920s through the 1950s, including The Life of Oharu (1952); Ugetsu Monogatari (1953); and Sansho the Bailiff (1954). He died of leukemia.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. resumed atmospheric nuclear tests at its Siberian proving grounds.

World events
Former West German spy Otto John was formally charged in Karlsruhe with treason for defecting to East Germany in 1954.

Aviation
A U.S. Army H-21 completed the first transocontinental helicopter flight, travelling 2,610 miles from San Diego to Washington in 31 hours 40 minutes.

Boxing
Joe Brown (74-19-7-3) won the world lightweight title with a 15-round split decision over defending champion Wallace "Bud" Smith (31-16-6) at the Municipal Auditorium in New Orleans.

50 years ago
1966


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the lunar probe Luna 11.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (3-1) 8 @ Montreal (2-2) 16

Peter Kempf scored a touchdown, convert, and 3 field goals for the Alouettes as they beat the Tiger-Cats before 20,000 fans at Molson Stadium. Art Baker scored the Hamilton touchdown.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Dancing Queen--ABBA

Environment
U.K. Prime Minister James Callaghan appointed Denis Howell to oversee water conservation, as Europe's worst drought in more than 200 years continued.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (5-2) 11 @ British Columbia (4-2) 23

Lou Harris and Mike Strickland each rushed for more than 100 yards as the Lions defeated the Rough Riders before 24,797 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Say Yes--Chage and Aska (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--La Zoubida--Lagaf' (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)
2 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
3 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
4 The Promise of a New Day--Paula Abdul
5 Temptation--Corina
6 It Ain't Over 'Til it's Over--Lenny Kravitz
7 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate
8 Time, Love and Tenderness--Michael Bolton
9 Crazy--Seal
10 Wind of Change--Scorpions

Singles entering the chart were Walk Through Fire by Bad Company (#69); The Real Love by Bob Seger and the Silver Bullet Band (#71); Kiss Them for Me by Siouxsee and the Banshees (#80); Real, Real, Real by Jesus Jones (#82); and No One Has to Cry by the Fixx (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)
2 It Ain't Over 'Til It's Over--Lenny Kravitz
3 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
4 Something to Talk About--Bonnie Raitt
5 The Motown Song--Rod Stewart
6 Superman's Song--Crash Test Dummies
7 Learning to Fly--Tom Petty
8 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
9 Hole Hearted--Extreme
10 Wind of Change--Scorpions

Singles entering the chart were Feel Your Love by Alanis (#79); Only Time Will Tell by Nelson (#84); Love You Too Much by the Boomers (#85); I Adore Mi Amore by Color Me Badd (#86); Face the Music by RTZ (#88); Silver Thunderbird by Marc Cohn (#91); Twist of the Knife by the Fabulous Thunderbirds (#94); Both Sides Now by Paul Young and Clannad (#95); My Special Child by Sinead O'Connor (#96); Runaround by Van Halen (#97); and My Town by Glass Tiger (#98). Both Sides Now was from the movie Switch (1991).

Politics and government
Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as general secretary of the Soviet Communist party, five days after a failed coup attempt against him.

Europeana
Ukraine declared her independence from the U.S.S.R.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Because You Loved Me/The Power of the Dream--Celine Dion (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Wannabe--Spice Girls (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Wannabe--Spice Girls (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
2 Twisted--Keith Sweat
3 C'mon n' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ’s
4 I Love You Always Forever--Donna Lewis
5 Change the World--Eric Clapton
6 Loungin--LL Cool J
7 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
8 I Can't Sleep (If I)--R. Kelly
9 Who Will Save Your Soul--Jewel
10 You Learn/You Oughta Know--Alanis Morisette

Singles entering the chart were Hit Me Off by New Edition (#24); It's All Coming Back to Me Now by Celine Dion (#30); Who You Are by Pearl Jam (#48); Touch Myself by T-Boz (#50); Wu-Wear: The Garment Renaissance by RZA featuring Method Man & Cappadonna (#57); Last Night by Az Yet (#59); Use Your Heart by SWV (#82); and If Your Girl Only Knew by Aaliyah (#92).

Football
CFL
Ottawa (1-8) 21 @ Toronto (8-1) 28

Doug Flutie passed for 415 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the Argonauts over the Rough Riders before 17,182 fans at SkyDome. Ottawa quarterback David Archer passed for 312 yards and 3 touchdowns.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Rocco Petrone, 80
. U.S. rocket engineer. Mr. Petrone was a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army who helped to develop the Redstone rocket in the 1950s. He joined the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in 1960, and helped to design the Saturn V rocket in the 1960s. Mr. Petrone directed launch operations at the Kennedy Space Center from 1966-1969 before directing the Apollo program and then serving as director of NASA's Marshall Flight Center from 1973-1974.

Space
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefined the term "planet" such that Pluto was now considered a dwarf planet.

Football
CFL
Calgary (6-4) 41 @ Montreal (7-3) 23

Henry Burris passed for 285 yards and 3 touchdowns, and Sandro DeAngelis added 4 field goals as the Stampeders beat the Alouettes before a sellout crowd of 20,202 at Molson Stadium.

Tuesday, August 23, 2016

August 23, 2016

475 years ago
1541


Canadiana
On his third voyage to Canada, Jacques Cartier arrived at Cap Rouge, and started to build a fort at Charlesbourg-Royale, 10 miles upstream from his old fort at Québec. It was the first official French settlement in America north of Mexico.

150 years ago
1866


War
The Peace of Prague was signed, ending the Austro-Prussian War.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Roy Agnew
. Australian composer. Mr. Agnew was a pianist whose tone poems and sonatas earned him the reputation as Australia's best composer of the early 20th century. He died of septicemia on November 12, 1944 at the age of 53 after an operation for tonsilitis.

Transportation
Regular service began on the Calgary & Edmonton Railway.

90 years ago
1926


Died on this date
Rudolph Valentino, 31
. Italian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Valentino, born Rodolfo Alfonso Raffaello Pierre Filibert Guglielmi di Valentina d'Antonguella, moved to the United States at the age of 18. He became famous as a "Latin lover" in silent movies such as The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921); The Sheik (1921); Blood and Sand (1922); and The Son of the Sheik (1926). Mr. Valentino died of peritonitis eight days after collapsing in his New York City hotel room and undergoing emergency surgery for a perforated ulcer; his death produced mass hysteria among female fans, and 100,000 people attended his funeral.

Tennis
Molla Mallory defeated Elizabeth Ryan 4-6, 6-4, 9-7 to win the women's singles final at the U.S. Open Championships in Forest Hills, New York. Mrs. Mallory, 42, trailed 0-4 in the third set and was one point from defeat in the fourteenth game, but rallied to win before 3,000 excited fans. It was Mrs. Mallory's eighth U.S. Open singles championship, tying the record for any competitor, male or female.

80 years ago
1936


Baseball
17-year-old Bob Feller made his first major league start, striking out 15 batters, walking 4, and giving up 6 hits as the Cleveland Indians beat the St. Louis Browns 4-1 at League Park in Cleveland. Mr. Feller also singled in his first at bat. Cleveland first baseman Hal Trosky batted 4 for 4 with a double, run, and 2 runs batted in. Earl Caldwell was the losing pitcher.

The Washington Nationals swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Athletics 9-3 and 9-6 before 13,000 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

Freddie Fitzsimmons and Hal Schumacher pitched respective complete game victories as the New York Giants swept a doubleheader from the Boston Bees 3-2 and 6-1 before 26,000 fans at National League Park in Boston.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-3 in the first game of a doubleheader at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. In the second game, the Cardinals scored single runs in the 7th, 8th, and 9th innings, and the game was called because of darkness after a scoreless 10th inning with the score tied 6-6. The Cardinals were 1/2 game ahead of the Giants for the lead in the National League.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Daddy--Sammy Kaye and His Orchestra (8th week at #1)

War
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King was booed by restless Canadian Army troops in Aldershot, England when he made a speech; most of the troops had been in England for a year without seeing action. Soviet Red Army Marshal Klementy Voroshilov, commander of the Leningrad front, declared that "a terrible danger now is hanging over Leningrad," and ordered preparations for all-out defense. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler secretly ordered that the attack on Ukraine and Crimea be given priority over the drive on Moscow.

Diplomacy
Japanese Ambassador to the United States Kichisaburō Nomura said after conferring with U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull that the gap between Japan and the United States "must be bridged."

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order directing the Navy to take over and operate the Kearny, New Jersey shipyard of Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Company, which had been closed by a Congress of Industrial Organizations strike since August 7. Youg Democratic Clubs of America, meeting in Louisville, adopted a resolution supporting full and complete aid to the U.K., U.S.S.R., and China.

Labour
The American Federation of Teachers convention in Detroit voted to complete the expulsion of locals 5 and 537 of New York and 192 of Philadelphia on charges of being controlled by Communists.

70 years ago
1946


World events
The Yugoslavian government reported that there were no survivors from the U.S. Army transport plane that had been downed over Yugoslavian air space on August 19--the second such incident in 10 days--all called the incident "regrettable."

Germanica
Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constituted the German Länder (states) of Hanover and Schleswig-Holstein.

Politics and government
The U.S.S.R. government announced the start of a large-scale purge of state officials, including Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinov and P.V. Smirnov, head of Soviet meat and milk production.

Admiral Thawan Dhamrong Navaswat was named Siamese Prime Minister, succeeding Nai Pridi Phanamjong, who had recently resigned.

Defense
The U.S. War Department disclosed that some officers in specialist categories were being recalled to active duty "without their consent" because of poor response to the Army's request for volunteers.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor International Typographical Union ended a seven-day conference in Miami after rejecting proposals to merge with the Congress of Industrial Organizations and engage in unified political action.

The CIO National Maritime Union reached an agreement with Standard Oil Company of Indiana establishing a 48-hour workweek at sea and 44 hours in port for crews of oil tankers.

Agriculture
The U.S. Agriculture Department eased some grain controls, permitting whiter bread, greater whiskey and beer production, and higher wheat exports.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): La Ballade de Davy Crockett--Annie Cordy (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The London conference on the Suez Canal ended with a 17-nation majority agreeing to ask Egypt to negotiate a Suez settlement on the basis of the U.S. proposal for internationalization of the canal.

Pro-Greek Cypriot guerrillas rejected the amnesty offer of Governor Sir John Harding.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. threatened to provide military aid to Egypt in the event of an attack by the U.K. and France.

Politics and government
The Territorial Council of the Northwest Territories opened a session at the new town of New Aklavik (later renamed Inuvik). The session was moved from Aklavik because of flooding.

50 years ago
1966


Died on this date
Francis X. Bushman, 83
. U.S. actor. Mr. Bushman was one of the biggest stars of the silent movie era. His best-known role was probably as Messala in Ben-Hur (1925).

Music
The Beatles continued their final concert tour with a performance at Shea Stadium in New York.

Space
The U.S. probe Lunar Orbiter 1 took the first photograph of Earth from orbit around the Moon.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-4) 9 @ Winnipeg (4-1) 19

Kenny Ploen completed 2 touchdown passes to Ken Nielsen as the Blue Bombers beat the Stampeders before 20,817 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Peter Liske passed 36 yards to Terry Evanshen for the Calgary touchdown. It was Leo Lewis Night, as the Blue Bombers saluted their veteran offensive halfback, who played what turned out to be the last game of his 11-year Hall of Fame career.

40 years ago
1976


Labour
Danish workers ended their four-day strike over passage of a government economic plan that would limit wage increases.

Football
CFL
Toronto (3-3) 3 @ Montreal (2-3-1) 23

Johnny Rodgers rushed 41 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter to help the Alouettes defeat the Argonauts before 25,802 fans at Autostade. Andy Hopkins scored the other touchdown.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Holiday Rap--MC Miker G & DJ Sven

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sing Our Own Song--UB40

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Lady in Red--Chris de Burgh (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: I Want to Wake Up with You--Boris Gardiner

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
2 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera
3 Higher Love--Steve Winwood
4 Mad About You--Belinda Carlisle
5 Take My Breath Away--Berlin
6 Dancing on the Ceiling--Lionel Richie
7 Venus--Bananarama
8 Rumors--Timex Social Club
9 We Don't Have to Take Our Clothes Off--Jermaine Stewart
10 The Edge of Heaven--Wham!

Singles entering the chart were Heartbeat by Don Johnson (#55); The Other Side of Life by the Moody Blues (#86); The Hunter by GTR (#87); Give Me the Reason by Luther Vandross (#89); and Angel in My Pocket by One to One (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera
2 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna
3 We Don't Have to Take Our Clothes Off--Jermaine Stewart
4 Mad About You--Belinda Carlisle
5 Sledgehammer--Peter Gabriel
6 I Can't Wait--Nu Shooz
7 Danger Zone--Kenny Loggins
8 Nasty--Janet Jackson
9 Who's Johnny--El DeBarge
10 The Edge of Heaven--Wham!

Singles entering the chart were Ruthless People by Mick Jagger (#85); A Matter of Trust by Billy Joel (#91); Typical Male by Tina Turner (#95); Love Walks In by Van Halen (#96); and Rumors by Timex Social Club (#98). Ruthless People was the title song from the movie.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (5-3) 20 @ Toronto (5-3) 26

Lance Chomyc set a team record with 6 field goals to help the Argonauts defeat the Eskimos before 28,833 fans at Exhibition Stadium. The Eskimos had a chance to win the game at Exhibition Stadium on the final play, but Matt Dunigan's pass to Brian Kelly in the Toronto end zone was incomplete. J.C. Watts, recently acquired from the Ottawa Rough Riders, played quarterback for the Argonauts, replacing injured Condredge Holloway.

25 years ago
1991


World events
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev began his purge of cabinet members and officials involved in the failed coup attempt of four days earlier.

Technology
Tim Berners-Lee opened the World Wide Web (WWW) to new users.

20 years ago
1996


Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-7) 16 @ Montreal (5-4) 23 (OT)
Hamilton (4-5) 8 @ Edmonton (6-3) 35

Tracy Ham rushed 57 yards for a touchdown with 37 seconds remaining in the 2nd overtime period to give the Alouettes their win over the Roughriders before 26,511 fans at Olympic Stadium. The Roughriders led by 8 points with 3 minutes left in regulation time.

Danny McManus rushed for a touchdown, handed off to Willie Pless and Eric Blount for TDs, and passed to Eddie Brown for another touchdown to lead the Eskimos over the Tiger-Cats before 27,202 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Blount rushed 14 times for 109 yards.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Maynard Ferguson, 78
. Canadian-born U.S. musician. Mr. Ferguson, a native of Verdun, Quebec, was a child prodigy on piano and violin, but became known as a jazz trumpeter. He played with Stan Kenton's band in the 1950s before performing as a session musician for Hollywood movies and leading his own band. Mr. Ferguson was known for his ability to play very high notes, such as on the hit single Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky") (1977).

Wolfgang Přiklopil, 44. Austrian criminal. Mr. Přiklopil was a communications technician in Vienna who kidnapped 10-year old Natascha Kampusch on March 2, 1998, while she was walking to school. He held her captive for eight years, but she finally managed to escape, and Mr. Přiklopil, knowing the police were after him, committed suicide by jumping in front of a suburban train.

Business
Montreal-based paper manufacturer Domtar Inc. announced that it would merge with U.S. giant Weyerhaeuser's fine-paper business in a U.S.$3.3-billion deal, to create North America's largest manufacturer of uncoated freesheet paper. The merger was completed in March 2007, creating Domtar Corporation.

Football
CFL
Two days after firing Roy Shivers as general manager, the Saskatchewan Roughriders hired Eric Tillman as his replacement. Mr. Tillman had been general manager with two Grey Cup championship teams: the Britih Columbia Lions in 1994 and the Toronto Argonauts in 1997.

Monday, August 22, 2016

August 22, 2016

775 years ago
1241


Died on this date
Gregory IX, 96 (?)
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1227-1241. Gregory IX, born Ugolino di Conti, succeeded Honorius III. Gregory IX promoted a policy of papal supremacy and instituted the Papal Inquisition. Gregory IX was succeeded as Pope by Celestine IV.

170 years ago
1846


Americana
The United States annexed New Mexico.

Mexicana
The United Mexican States--the Second Federal Republic of Mexico--was established.

80 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: Murder in the Waxworks

75 years ago
1941


War
German troops began the Siege of Leningrad.

Diplomacy
The Iranian government formally replied to U.K.-U.S.S.R. demands that German tourists and technicians be ousted from Iran, indicating that it had refused to expel the Germans. Warrants were issued in Buenos Aires for the arrest of 36 Germans described as "the general staff of Nazi penetration in Argentina." The Mexican government ordered all German consulates in Mexico to close by September 1 and recalled its consuls from Germany.

World events
The German commander in Paris announced that as the result of the assassination of a German officer the previous day, all Frenchmen arrested by the German would be held as hostages, a number of whom would be shot in reprisals "corresponding to the gravity of the act committed."

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the extension of military service for all draftees, National Guardsmen, reservists, and regulars for 18 months under the recent law.

Technology
U.S. President Roosevelt signed a bill barring the filing of applications for patents in foreign countries without a license from the government. The measure was designed to prevent the leakage of U.S. patent secrets abroad.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board issued regulations limiting installment credit to 18 months and requiring a cash payment ranging from 10%-33 1/3% on a wide variety of goods in order to lessen consumer demand.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Döme Sztójay, 63
. Prime Minister of Hungary, 1944. Mr. Sztójay, born Dimitrije Stojaković, was Hungarian Ambassador to Germany from 1935-1944. He forged strong ties with the Nazi regime. When German forces occupied Hungary in March 1944, Hungarian Regent Miklós Horthy named Mr. Sztójay as Prime Minister as an alternative to outright Nazi rule. Mr. Sztójay legalized the Arrow Cross party and increased the deportation of Hungarian Jews. Mr. Horthy was able to exert enough pressure to force Mr. Sztójay's resignation on August 29, 1944 in favour of Géza Lakatos. Mr. Sztójay fled Hungary when Soviet troops invaded in April 1945, but he was captured by American forces and returned to Hungary, where he was convicted of war crimes and executed in Budapest by a firing squad.

Diplomacy
Responding to the U.S. ultimatum, Yugoslavia resleased seven Americans and two Hungarians who had been aboard the U.S. Army transport plane that had been forced down near Ljubljana on August 9.

Politics and government
Chinese Communist headquarters at Yenan announced the establishment of a Communist government in Manchuria under the provisional administration of 86 elected officials.

Popular culture
The U.S.S.R. government announced a campaign to rid Leningrad's literature, theatre, radio, and cinema of foreign "decadence."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that wholesale food prices had risen 31.3% since June 30, 1946, the day Office of Price Administration controls ended.

Labour
Delegates at an American Federation of Teachers convention in Miami Beach, Florida voted to reconsider the AFT's no-strike policy, claiming "the strike may well be a desperate but indispensable means for rescuing American children from an intolerable situation."

60 years ago
1956


Diplomacy
Egypt charged British and French canal pilots with attempting to obstruct Suez Canal shipping.

Cyprus Governor Sir John Harding offered pro-Greek guerrillas three weeks to surrender with their arms under an amnesty program.

Politics and government
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Vice President Richard Nixon were renominated by the Republican National Convention at the Cow Palace in Bayshore, California as their party's candidates in the November 1956 election.

Technology
Bell Telephone Laboratories announced the development of a "picture-phone" that transmitted pictures as well as the voices of people talking by phone.

Economics and finance
The People's Republic of China deposited 20 million Swiss francs ($4,668,000) in Egyptian accounts to offset a British freeze on Egypt's sterling reserves.

Football
IRFU
Ottawa (1-0) 29 @ Hamilton (0-1) 21

Frank Clair was successful in his first regular season game as head coach of the Rough Riders as they defeated the Tiger-Cats at Civic Stadium, spoiling the regular season debut of Jim Trimble as Hamilton's head coach.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Juanita Banana--Luis Aguilé (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Yellow Submarine--The Beatles

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
2 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
3 This Door Swings Both Ways--Herman's Hermits
4 See You in September--The Happenings
5 Sunny--Bobby Hebb
6 They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha-Haaa!--Napoleon XIV
7 Sweet Dreams--Tommy McLain
8 I Saw Her Again--The Mamas and the Papas
9 Over Under Sideways Down--The Yardbirds
10 I Couldn't Live Without Your Love--Petula Clark

Singles entering the chart were Yellow Submarine by the Beatles (#49); Turn-Down Day by the Cyrkle (#82); The Dangling Conversation by Simon and Garfunkel (#84); Sugar and Spice by the Cryan' Shames (#85); Wipe Out by the Surfaris (#87); 7 and 7 Is by Love (#89); Sometimes Good Guys Don't Wear White by the Standells (#91); Do You Remember by Jimmy Dybold (#92); Lonely Summer by the Shades of Blue (#93); There Will Never Be Another You by Chris Montez (#94); Satisfied with You by the Dave Clark Five (#95); He's Not Your Friend by Dee Jay and the Runaways (#97); Dear Mrs. Applebee by Flip Cartridge (#98); Black is Black by Los Bravos (#99); and Mr. Dieingly Sad by the Critters (#100). Wipe Out had originally been a hit in 1963, the year before RPM began publication.

Economics and finance
The establishment of the Asian Development Bank came into force with Canada's ratification, becoming the 15th nation whose approval was required.

Labour
The National Farm Workers Association and Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee merged to become the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC), predecessor of the United Farm Workers.

Business
Britain's largest manufacturing company, Imperial Chemical Industries, announced that 1,000 jobs would be cut at its nylon-fibre producing factories.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-3) 18 @ Saskatchewan (3-2) 17

Trent Walters scored his first CFL touchdown, Garry Lefebvre added another, and Tommy-Joe Coffey added 2 converts, a field goal, and a single as the Eskimos scored all their points in the 2nd quarter and held on to edge the Roughriders before 18,052 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Ron Lancaster rushed for the first Saskatchewan touchdown and passed to Gord Barwell in the last minute of play for the other Roughrider TD, but Edmonton defensive end Ron Forwick got a hand on Jack Abendschan's convert attempt and deflected it wide, preserving the win for the Eskimos. It was the first CFL gaeme for Edmonton defensive end Kent Francisco.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, 73
. 21st President of Brazil, 1956-1961. Mr. Kubitschek, a member of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), held various offices before serving as President. His term as President included the construction of the capital city of Brasilia. Mr. Kubitschek died three weeks before his 74th birthday.

Gina Bachauer, 63. Greek musician. Miss Bachauer was a classical pianist who had a performing career that lasted for more than 50 years, and included 630 concerts for Allied troops in the Middle East during World War II. She died of a heart attack at the Athens Festival on the day that she was to appear as featured soloist with the National Symphony Orchestra of Washington, D.C.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Celâl Bayar, 103
. Prime Minister of Turkey, 1937-1939; 3rd President of Turkey, 1950-1960. Mr. Bayar began his career in politics in 1908, and was first elected to the Ottoman parliament in 1919. He was associated with the Republican People's Party from 1923-1945 before founding the Democratic Party, which he led from 1946-1950. Mr. Celal was elected President in 1950 and re-elected in 1954 and 1957, but was deposed by a military coup in 1960. He was sentenced to death by a junta-appointed court in 1961, but the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment, and Mr. Celal was pardoned in 1966.

Music
The Musicfest rock festival, featuring James Brown, Huey Lewis and the News and Elton John, opened at a park in the north end of Montréal It was a financial disaster--only 160,000 people attended in 11 days, less than the 270,000 needed to break even.

Environment
Kerr-McGee Corporation agreed to pay the estate of Karen Silkwood $1.38 million, settling a 10-year-old nuclear contamination lawsuit. Ms. Silkwood was a chemical technician and union activist at Kerr-McGee Cimarron Fuel Fabrication Site plant near Crescent, Oklahoma, who was killed in an automobile crash under suspicious circumstances after raising concerns about safety at the plant.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-6) 14 @ Winnipeg (5-3) 46

The Blue Bombers scored 38 points in the 2nd half to rout the Rough Riders before 23,918 fans at Winnipeg Stadium.

25 years ago
1991


Died on this date
Colleen Dewhurst, 67
. Canadian-born U.S. actress. Miss Dewhurst, a native of Montreal who moved to the United States at an early age, was best known as a stage actress. She won Tony Awards for her starring performances in All the Way Home (1961) and A Moon for the Misbegotten (1974), and also won two Obie Awards, two Gemini Awards, and a Genie Award for her supporting performance in Obsessed (1988). Miss Dewhurst was president of the Actors' Equity Association from 1985 until her death from cervical cancer.

Boris Pugo, 54. U.S.S.R. politician. Mr. Pugo was First Secretary of the Communist Party of Latvia from 1984-1988 and U.S.S.R. Minister of the Interior from December 1, 1990 until his death. He participated in the failed coup attempt against Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev in August 1991, and fatally shot himself and his wife after receiving a telephone call indicating that he was about to be arrested.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada struck down the so-called "rape shield law" to protect victims; previous sexual conduct of those alleging rape could not be presented in court.

Energy
The Québec government mothballed Hydro-Québec's Grande-Baleine project in James Bay.

Football
CFL
The Saskatchewan Roughriders, who had lost quarterback Kent Austin to injury in the first game of the season and had struggled to a 1-6 record, fired head coach John Gregory and replaced him with former British Columbia Lions' and Toronto Argos' head coach Don Matthews. Mr. Gregory had led the Roughriders to the 1989 Grey Cup championship.

Winnipeg (4-3) 39 @ Calgary (6-1) 26
Tom Burgess completed a 13-yard touchdown pass to Eric Streater two plays after a Less Browne interception late in the 3rd quarter, putting the Blue Bombers ahead of the Stampeders to stay before 27,011 fans at McMahon Stadium.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Trash--Suede

War
General Aleksandr Lebed, Russian President Boris Yeltsin's security chief, signed a cease-fire with the Chechen rebel chief in time to head off an all-out bombing campaign threatened by the local Russian commander.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Bill Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act welfare reform bill into law, representing a major shift in U.S. welfare policy.

Sunday, August 21, 2016

August 21, 2016

225 years ago
1791


Protest
The Haitian Slave Revolution began in Saint-Domingue.

75 years ago
1941


War
German troops captured Chudovo, cutting the Moscow-Leningrad railway line. A Japanese spokesman said that it ws necessary to blockade supply routes to China.

Religion
Moscow radio urged "all God-loving inhabitants of the occupied countries" to rise in defense of religious freedom against the Germans, who, it said, were "menacing the very existence of Christianity."

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent a message to Congress explaining an defending his eight-point plan that he had agreed on in his recent conference with U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Defense
The British government made public an official denial that U.S. Lend-Lease aid had been re-exported. U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull announced that the U.S.S.R. had been granted a general license to buy chemicals, machinery, iron and steel products, nonferrous metals, rubber, wood, paper, and other materials in the United States.

Protest
Paris press announced that 7,000 Jews had been arrested within the past 48 hours and that two Jews had been executed in reprisal for "Communist" demonstrations against the Germans.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Production Management ordered a 26% cut in automobile production to 816,801 cars during the four-month period ending November 30, 1941.

Labour
1,500 telephone workers in Mexico went on strike for higher wages and reinstatement of a dismissed employee.

70 years ago
1946


War
Nationalist Chinese sources reported that Communist forces were retreating along the Lunghai railway in central China after the launching of a government counteroffensive.

Diplomacy
The U.S.A. issued an ultimatum to the Yugoslavian government demanding that it release within 48 hours the occupants of the two U.S. transport planes recently forced down in Yugoslavia, and threatening otherwise to bring the matter before the United Nations Security Council. Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito, in an address broadcast by Belgrade radio, denied that the American plane forced down on August 9 was lost in the clouds, claiming that witnesses attested that the weather was clear.

Bartley Crum, a former member of the Anglo-American Commission of Inquiry on Palestine, charged that "middle-level" U.S. State Department officials were sabotaging American policy in the Middle East, and called for the resignation of Loy Henderson, head of the Near Eastern and African Affairs Office.

Albanian dictator Enver Hoxha assailed Italy and Greece at the Paris Peace Conference and pleaded for greater curtailment of Italy's armed forces.

Defense
The U.S. State Department objected to a Soviet proposal for joint U.S.S.R.-Turkish control of the Dardanelles, stating that defense of the straits should be left to Turkey.

The United States Navy announced the completion of the first four-engine Lockheed Constitution, capable of carrying 69,000 pounds, making it the Navy's largest transport plane.

Politics and government
Returning to Washington from a tour of Alaska, U.S. Interior Secretary Julius Krug suggested that the territory be granted statehood.

U.S. Federal Budget Director James Webb ordered that the civil service be reduced by 104,400 employees.

60 years ago
1956


At the movies
War and Peace, starring Henry Fonda and Audrey Hepburn, opened in theatres in the United States.

Diplomacy
The Egyptian government of President Gamal Nasser rejected U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' plan for internationalization of the Suez Canal as completely unacceptable.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Herbert Lehman (Democrat--New York), 78, announced that he would not seek re-election in November 1956 for health reasons.

Energy
The Swiss government announced that it would receive 500 kilograms of uranium for atomic power and research under an atoms-for-peace agreement signed with the United States the previous June.

50 years ago
1966


Music
The Beatles continued their final concert tour with an afternoon performance at Crosley Field in Cincinnati--postponed from the previous evening because of rain--and an evening performance at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson and Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson met in New Brunswick for talks.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Non si puo' morire dentro--Gianni Bella (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Kiss and Say Goodbye--The Manhattans (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee (3rd week at #1)
2 Let 'Em In--Wings
3 Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band
4 You Should Be Dancing--Bee Gees
5 Play That Funky Music--Wild Cherry
6 You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine--Lou Rawls
7 Kiss and Say Goodbye--The Manhattans
8 I'd Really Love to See You Tonight--England Dan & John Ford Coley
9 Got to Get You Into My Life--The Beatles
10 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band

Singles entering the chart were That'll Be the Day by Linda Ronstadt (#81); Sunrise by Eric Carmen (#82); Take a Hand by Rick Springfield (#89); No, No, Joe by Silver Convention (#92); and We Both Need Each Other by Norman Connors (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee
2 You Should Be Dancing--Bee Gees
3 Let 'Em In--Wings
4 Got to Get You Into My Life--The Beatles
5 Baby, I Love Your Way--Peter Frampton
6 You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine--Lou Rawls
7 A Fifth of Beethoven--Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band
8 The Boys are Back in Town--Thin Lizzy
9 Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band
10 This Masquerade--George Benson

Singles entering the chart were Mary Ann by Lick 'N' Stick (#97); She's Gone by Daryl Hall and John Oates (#98); Who'd She Coo by Ohio Players (#99); and Rock'n Me by the Steve Miller Band (#100).

War
U.S. and N.K. forces launched Operation Paul Bunyan in response to the axe murders of two American soldiers at the hands of North Korean forces in the demilitarized zone at Panmunjom three days earlier.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (5-1) 20 @ Edmonton (4-2) 18

Gerry Organ's field goal with 1 second remaining in the game gave the Rough Riders their win over the Eskimos before 25,882 fans at Clarke Stadium. The Eskimos blew an early 14-3 lead. It was the first CFL game for Ottawa defensive back Wonderful Monds, who had begun the season on the injured list of the Toronto Argonauts. It was the sixth and last game in an Edmonton uniform for rookie running back Keith Barnette, who was cut several days later when veteran Roy Bell was activated from the injured list. Despite playing only 6 games, Mr. Barnette still ended up as the Eskimos' leading rusher for 1976 with 380 yards.

30 years ago
1986


Theatre
This blogger attended a performance of the two-part show Birds in Space/The Man Himself as part of the 1986 Fringe Theatre Festival in Edmonton. The first part was bad, and the second part was good.

Disasters
More than 1,700 people died in Cameroon when a cloud of lethal gas escaped from a volcanic lake.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (3-5) 28 @ Montreal (2-6) 23
Calgary (5-4) 30 @ British Columbia (7-2) 14

Hamilton defensive back Less Browne tied a CFL regular season record with 4 interceptions and scored the winning touchdown on a lateral from linebacker Ben Zambiasi after an interception to enable the Tiger-Cats to beat the Alouettes before 12,158 fans at Olympic Stadium.

The Stampeders scored 3 touchdowns in the 2nd quarter as they defeated the Lions before 49,147 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.

Baseball
Spike Owen scored 6 runs and Tony Armas hit a grand slam and drove in 6 as the Boston Red Sox whipped the Cleveland Indians 24-5 before 26,316 fans at Cleveland Stadium, scoring 12 runs in the 6th inning. Greg Swindell was the losing pitcher in his major league debut, allowing 6 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 6 runs--4 earned--in 3 2/3 innings. Bryan Oelkers, the fourth of five Cleveland pitchers, allowed 11 hits and 9 runs--all earned--in 2 1/3 innings.

Ozzie Guillen singled home Jerry Hairston with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 3-3 tie and give the Chicago White Sox a 4-3 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 35,393 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

Eric Davis drove in 4 runs with a pair of home runs and Buddy Bell and Nick Esasky added homers as the Cincinnati Reds beat the St. Louis Cardinals 9-4 before 18,242 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

The San Francisco Giants scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 7-6 before 7,959 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. The Phillies had begun the game with 5 runs in the top of the 1st.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)

World events
With Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev having been apparently toppled from power the previous day by a coup, Latvia declared its independence from the U.S.S.R.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (4-3) 50 @ Saskatchewan (1-6) 47
Toronto (5-2) 39 @ Edmonton (5-2) 53

Doug Flutie passed for 465 yards and 5 touchdowns, the last of which was scored by Ray Alexander with 8 seconds remaining in regulation time, giving the Lions their win over the Roughriders before 21,434 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. It was the last game as head coach of the Roughriders for John Gregory, who had been Saskatchewan's head coach since 1987. He was fired and replaced by Don Matthews.

Tracy Ham threw 5 touchdown passes and the Eskimos scored 29 points in the 2nd quarter as they beat the Argonauts before 43,826 fans on a beautiful night at Commonwealth Stadium. The Eskimos appeared had a chance to score 60 points, but a drive in the 4th quarter ended when Brian Walling fumbled and former Eskimo Don Wilson returned the ball 101 yards for a touchdown. Argonauts' co-owner John Candy was at the game, and rode the Eskimos' fire truck around the track at Commonwealth Stadium after a Toronto touchdown.

Baseball
The Helena Brewers amassed 27 hits and 6 home runs as they routed Idaho Falls 28-0 in a Pioneer League game.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (6th week at #1)

Football
CFL
British Columbia (1-8) 21 @ Calgary (8-1) 23

Mark McLoughlin's field goal in the final seconds of regulation time gave the Stampeders their win over the Lions before 17,271 fans at McMahon Stadium.

10 years ago
2006


Football
CFL
The Saskatchewan Roughriders, third in the West Division with a record of 4-5, fired general manager Roy Shivers. Mr. Shivers was in his seventh season as general manager of the Roughriders, and had the team had yet to make an appearance in the Grey Cup during that time.

August 20, 2016

150 years ago
1866


War
U.S. President Andrew Johnson formally declared the American Civil War over.

Labour
The newly-organized National Labor Union called on the United States Congress to mandate an eight-hour workday.

90 years ago
1926


Radio
Japan's public broadcasting company Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai (NHK) was established.

75 years ago
1941


War
U.S.S.R. Red Army Marshal Klementy E. Voroshilov issued an appeal to the people of Leningrad, urging them to prepare to defend the city at all costs against the advancing German army. Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King arrived in London for wartime talks and to visit the troops.

Diplomacy
German Propaganda Minister Dr. Josef Goebbels warned Latin American countries that they would become U.S. colonies unless they opposed continued American intervention.

Japanica
New Japanese maps sold in Tokyo showed Japan having annexed all the islands and coral reefs bounded by the Spratly Islands in the west; the Half Moon Shoal in the east; North Danger Reef in the north; and Swallow Reef in the south.

Politics and government
Ecuadorian President Carlos Arroyo del Rio completed the appointment of a new cabinet.

The U.S. National Catholic Women's Union adopted a resolution opposing U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt's proposal for compulsory government service for women as an example of the rising tide of bureaucracy.

Labour
Several American Federation of Labor street car and bus drivers tied up all transportation facilities of Detroit Street Railways in a strike for exclusive bargaining rights.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department protested "emphatically" against recent Yugloslavian attacks on U.S. transport planes. A Yugoslavian reply criticized U.S. "violations of state sovereignty" through "unauthorized flights" over Yugoslavia.

Poland received a U.S.-U.K. note charging repression of political activity and calling for free participation of all democratic parties in national elections scheduled for November 1946.

Anglo-Egyptian treaty negotiations in Alexandria were broken off by the Egyptians, who rejected British compromise proposals.

Protest
Calcutta slowly returned to normal after three days of rioting between Muslims and Hindus resulting in an estimated 3,000 deaths.

Economics and finance
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administrator Fiorello La Guardia dismissed General Frederick Morgan as director of UNRRA operations in Germany, claiming that he had found no evidence to support Gen. Morgan's charges that the U.S.S.R. had used UN refugee camps for espionage.

The U.S. Office of Price Administration Price Decontrol Board restored ceiling prices on meat, cottonseed, and soybean, but exempted milk, dairy products, and grain.

Labour
Pittsburgh Pirates players rejected the American Baseball Guild in major league baseball's first collective bargaining election.

60 years ago
1956


Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and Indian respresentative Krishna Menon submitted contrasting proposals to the London conference on the Suez crisis, Mr. Dulles calling for "a definite system, destined to guarantee at all times and for all the powers the free use of the Suez Canal," while Mr. Menon asked for "recognition of the Suez Canal as an integral part of Egypt and as a waterway of international importance."

Panama's Ambassador to Egypt asserted that his government would never accept international control over the Panama Canal.

Politics and government
The Istiqial (Independence) Party withdrew its ministers from Morocco's governing coalition.

Washington Governor Arthur Langlie delivered the keynote address of the opening session of the 1956 Republican National Convention at the Cow Palace in Bayshore, California.

Football
WIFU
Saskatchewan (0-2) 9 @ British Columbia (2-0) 20

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Easyfever (EP): I'll Make You Happy/Too Much--The Easybeats

#1 single in France: Ton Nom--Salvatore Adamo (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Che colpa abbiamo noi--The Rokes

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): With a Girl Like You--The Troggs

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful (2nd week at #1)
2 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
3 Sunny--Bobby Hebb
4 They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha-Haaa!--Napoleon XIV
5 Mother's Little Helper--The Rolling Stones
6 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
7 The Pied Piper--Crispian St. Peters
8 See You in September--The Happenings
9 I Couldn't Live Without Your Love--Petula Clark
10 This Door Swings Both Ways--Herman's Hermits

Singles entering the chart were Yellow Submarine (#24)/Eleanor Rigby (#58) by the Beatles; What Becomes of the Brokenhearted by Jimmy Ruffin (#73); Little Darling (I Need You) by Marvin Gaye (#79); Beauty is Only Skin Deep by the Temptations (#84); Sometimes Good Guys Don't Wear White by the Standells (#86); Cherry, Cherry by Neil Diamond (#88); B-A-B-Y by Carla Thomas (#96); Keep Looking by Solomon Burke (#100); Let Me Tell You, Babe by Nat King Cole (also #100); and The Fife Piper by the Dynatones (also #100). Let Me Tell You, Babe was the last charted single by Mr. Cole, who had died on February 15, 1965.

Music
The Beatles continued their final concert tour with a visit to Cincinnati, but their scheduled performance at Crosley Field was postponed to the following day because of rain.

Protest
Violent demonstrations of young Red Guards in China spread from Peking to other areas.

Football
CFL
Toronto (0-3) 10 @ Hamilton (3-0) 23

Frank Cosentino completed 3 touchdown passes to Tommy Grant as the Tiger-Cats defeated the Argonauts before 22,261 fans at Civic Stadium. Dave Thelen, playing his first game of the season, scored the Toronto touchdown. It was the only game for Wolfgang Felgemacher, a German soccer player who became the Canadian Football League's first soccer-style kicker. He converted Mr. Thelen's touchdown, and John Vilunas kicked a field goal for the Argonauts.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Shannon--Henry Gross (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ein Bett im Kornfeld--Jürgen Drews (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Die kleine Kneipe--Peter Alexander (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Representatives of 85 non-aligned nations concluded their four-day summit in Colombo, Sri Lanka, urging richer nations to share their wealth.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (5-1) 38 @ Calgary (0-4-1) 13

Pete Van Valkenburg caught passes of 22 and 4 yards for touchdowns and rushed 90 yards for his final touchdown in the 4th quarter as the Roughriders easily beat the Stampeders before a sellout crowd of 27,188 at McMahon Stadium.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Touch Me (I Want Your Body)--Samantha Fox (7th week at #1)

Theatre
This blogger attended a performance of Jacques Strapp's Last Crepe, a one-man show by Hal Sisson, a lawyer from Peace River, Alberta, at the Park Hotel in Edmonton as part of the 1986 Fringe Theatre Festival. I went after reading the review in the Edmonton Journal by Bob Remington, who said that this may be the worst show in the entire Fringe lineup. I don't know about most of the other 130 shows, but this one was pretty bad.

Died on this date
Milton Acorn, 63
. Canadian poet. Mr. Acorn, a native of Charlottetown, was nicknamed "The People's Poet." His collection The Island Means Minago (1975) won the 1976 Governor General's Award for poetry. Mr. Acorn died of a heart attack.

World events
More than 100,000 people rallied outside the U.S.S.R. parliament building in Moscow protesting the coup aiming to depose Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. Estonia, annexed by the Soviet Union in 1940, issued a decision on the re-establishment of independence on the basis of historical continuity of its pre-World War II statehood.

Crime
In Edmond, Oklahoma, U.S. Postal Service employee Patrick Sherrill,44, gunned down 14 of his co-workers, wounded 6 others, and then committed suicide in the incident that inspired the term "going postal." Mr. Sherrill had been reprmanded the previous day by his supervisors.

Baseball
Walt Terrell was 1 out away from a no-hitter when he gave up a double to Wally Joyner of the California Angels. Mr. Terrell finished with a 1-hit 3-0 win before 22,755 fans at Tiger Stadium to improve his record for the season to 11-9. The losing pitcher, John Candelaria, allowed 5 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 7 innings to fall to 6-2. 10 years and 11 days earlier, Mr. Candelaria had pitched a no-hitter for the Pittsburgh Pirates against the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Bobby Bonilla's 3-run double climaxed a 4-run 2nd inning as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Houston Astros 4-1 before 16,997 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Rick Rhoden pitched a 5-hit complete game victory to improve his record for the season to 14-7, and drove in the first Pittsburgh run with a single.

Don Carman of the Philadelphia Phillies carried a perfect game into the 9th inning, but gave up a leadoff double to Bob Brenly of the San Francisco Giants. Mr. Carman and Steve Bedrosian combined for a 1-0 10-inning win before 10,723 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. The only run came on Juan Samuel's home run leading off the top of the 10th inning.

Mike Marshall's 3-run home run climaxed a 5-run 5th inning, but his Los Angeles Dodgers still lost 7-5 to the New York Mets before 36,738 fans at Dodger Stadium.

Kevin McReynolds drove in all of his team's runs with a pair of home runs as the San Diego Padres edged the Montreal Expos 3-2 before 11,602 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

20 years ago
1996


Protest
Riot police raided Yonsei University in Seoul to end a nine-day standoff. 5,848 students were detained; 1,000 policemen and students were injured; and 1 policeman was killed. Students were taking part in an annual rally for reunification with North Korea.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Joe Rosenthal, 94
. U.S. photographer. Mr. Rosenthal was a staff photographer with Associated Press who was best known for the Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, taken February 23, 1945.

Sinnathamby Sivamaharajah, 68. Sri Lankan politician. Mr. Sivamaharajah, a Tamil, was a newspaper publisher who represented Jaffna District in the Sri Lankan Parliament from 1989-1990 as a member of the Eelam Revolutionary Organisation of Students (EROS). He resigned in 1990, but was re-elected in 2000 while running as a candidate for the Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF). TULF and two other parties combined in 2001 to form the Tamil National Alliance, but Mr. Sivamaharajah was defeated in the 2001 parliamentary elections. He was shot to death at a temporary residence he was staying at; the government-backed Eelam People's Democratic Party (EPDP) paramilitary group was blamed for the assassination, which appeared to be the latest in a series of attacks on Tamil media people that had begun the previous year.

Golf
Tiger Woods won the PGA Championship at Medinah Country Club No. 3 Course in Medinah, Illnois with an 18-under-par score of 270, 5 strokes ahead of Shaun Micheel. It was the third PGA title and 12th major championship for Mr. Woods. First prize money was $1,224,000.

Friday, August 19, 2016

August 19, 2016

350 years ago
1666


War
Rear Admiral Robert Holmes led an English raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships in an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire."

325 years ago
1691


Died on this date
Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha, 53 or 54
. Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire, 1689-1691. Fazıl Mustafa Pasha followed his father, elder brother, and two brothers-in-law as Grand Vizier (Prime Minister). He was killed in the Battle of Slankamen and was succeeded in office by Arabacı Ali Pasha.

War
Holy Roman Empire forces commanded by Margrave of Baden-Baden Louis Wilhelm defeated Ottoman Empire forces commanded by Grand Vizier Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha in the Battle of Slankamen in what is now part of Serbia.

100 years ago
1916


Politics and government
Victor Christian William Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire, was appointed by King George V as Governor General of Canada, to take office on November 11, 1916.

90 years ago
1926


Politics and government
Freeman Freeman-Thomas, Lord Willingdon, was appointed by King George V as Governor General of Canada, replacing Lord Byng effective October 2, 1926. Viscout Willingdon was the last Canadian Governor General to be appointed by the monarch.

80 years ago
1936


Died on this date
Federico Garcia Lorca, 38
. Spanish poet. One of the "Generation of '27," Mr. Garcia Lorca was believed to have been shot to death by an anti-Communist death squad. His death took place a few weeks after the beginning of the Spanish Civil War.

75 years ago
1941


War
The German command announced that German troops, aided by Romanian, Hungarian, and Italian units, had captured all of Ukraine west of the Dnieper River, and that the attack on Odessa had begun. German forces launched an all-out attack on Tallinn, Estonia.

Diplomacy
U.S. Senator Hiram Johnson (Republican--California) charged that President Franklin D. Roosevelt had "violated the Constitution" in making an alliance with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to destroy German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and establish a new world order. Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King left Montreal aboard a bomber en route to the United Kingdom, where he was expected to confer with Mr. Churchill.

Politics and government
After the deadlocked Colombian Liberal Party convention adjourned without choosing a presidential candidate, 62 of the 120 delegates named former President Alfonso Lopez to head their ticket in the February 1942 election.

Society
Rev. Hubert Beller, spiritual director of the New York branch of the National Catholic Women's Union, said that birth control threatened the United States with "physical and moral decay."

Baseball
The Brooklyn Dodgers swept a doubleheader from the Pittsburgh Pirates before 9,372 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, winning 9-0 and 6-2, with Curt Davis and Hugh Casey the respective winning pitchers. Pittsburgh manager Frankie Frisch was ejected from the second game by umpire Jocko Conlan when he came onto the field carrying an umbrella to protest the playing conditions.

The Detroit Tigers scored 8 runs in the 2nd inning and coasted to a 12-3 win over the New York Yankees in the first game of a doubleheader before 17,570 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. The Yankees won the second game 8-3.

Jimmy Bloodworth batted 4 for 5 with a double and a game-winning 2-run home run in the top of the 12th inning as the Washington Nationals came back from an early 4-0 deficit to beat the Cleveland Indians 8-6 before just 500 fans at League Park in Cleveland.

Thornton Lee pitched a 6-hitter and Johnny Humphries followed with a 4-hitter as the Chicago White Sox swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Athletics 4-0 and 1-0 before 7,947 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Les McCrabb allowed 8 hits and Johnny Babich 5 in pitching complete games as the respective losing pitchers. The first game was played in 1 hour 37 minutes and the second game in 1 hour 44 minutes.

Johnny Berardino hit a solo home run in the 3rd inning and then singled home Walt Judnich with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th to give the St. Louis Browns a 3-2 win over the Boston Red Sox in the first game of a doubleheader before 2,100 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Boston left fielder Ted Williams hit a solo home run on top of the right field pavillion roof in the first game and added 2 homers in the second game as the Red Sox won 10-7. Mr. Judnich homered and drove in 4 runs for the Browns in the second game.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
2 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
3 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
4 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
5 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
6 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
7 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--The Three Suns
8 I Don't Know Enough About You--The Mills Brothers
--Peggy Lee
9 Blue Skies--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
10 In Love in Vain--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
--Margaret Whiting

Singles entering the chart were Two Silhouettes by Dinah Shore (#19); Hawaiian War Chant (Ta-Hu-Wa-Hu-Wai) by Spike Jones and his Wacky Watakians (#20); Somewhere in the Night by Frank Sinatra (#24); Stone Cold Dead in the Market (He Had it Coming) by Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Jordan and the Tympany Five (#33); Pretending by Andy Russell (#34); and The Song is You by Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra (#36).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, on MBS

War
Allied headquarters in Caserta announced that a U.S. transport plane had been downed by Yugoslavian fighter planed near the Italian border in the second such incident in the last 10 days.

Chinese Communist headquarters in Yenan broadcasted a call for mobilization of militiamen in Communist-controlled areas "to shatter Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's offensive."

Rita Zucca, the American-born "Axis Sally" who had made German propaganda radio broadcasts from Italy during World War II, was granted amnesty by an Italian court in Rome.

Diplomacy
The Argentine Senate ratified the Chapultepec solidarity pact and the San Francisco United Nations agreement.

Defense
General Lucius Clay of the U.S. military government in Germany announced that 70% of war plants in the American zone had been or were being destroyed.

Protest
South African Communist Party leader Daniel Duplessis was arrested in Johannesburg for allegedly instigating the previous week's four-day strike of gold miners.

Economics and finance
The Chinese government set a new exchange rate of $3,350 Chinese to $1 American.

The U.S. Office of Price Administration permitted price increases of 12-26.8% on automotive parts; 6% on refrigerators; and 1-7c on canned fruits and juices.

60 years ago
1956


War
Blaming French inactivity for continued fighting in Algeria, Algerian nationalist leaders called for direct negotiations between France and the National Liberation Front.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Millard Tydings (Democrat--Maryland) withdrew as a candidate for re-election in November 1956 because of ill health.

Energy
The U.S.S.R. and China announced an agreement to build a 13-million-kilowatt system of hydroelectric power stations on the Amur, Argun, and Ussuri Rivers along the Sino-Soviet border.

Auto racing
Carroll Shelby won the Sports Car Club of America races in Montgomery, New York, driving a Ferrari at an average speed of 70.4 miles per hour.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Daydream--The Lovin' Spoonful

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
2 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
3 Sunny--Bobby Hebb
4 Wild Thing--The Troggs
5 Born a Woman--Sandy Posey
6 Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles
7 I Couldn't Live Without Your Love--Petula Clark
8 Mother's Little Helper/Lady Jane--The Rolling Stones
9 This Door Swings Both Ways--Herman's Hermits
10 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
Pick hit of the week: Cast Your Fate to the Wind--Shelby Flint
New this week: Love Has Many Ways--Buddy Knox
Walk Away Renee--The Left Banke
We've Got a Groovy Thing Goin'--Wes Dakus
Cry Softly--Nancy Ames
Waco--Lorne Greene

Music
The Beatles continued their final concert tour with two shows at Mid-South Coliseum in Memphis. The shows went on despite a city council vote to cancel the shows in response to John Lennon's comments in an interview that the Beatles were "bigger than Jesus."

Labour
An airline strike in the United States ended as the machinists' union accepted a three-year contract.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Alastair Sim, 75
. U.K. actor. Mr. Sim was a character actor who was known for his elocution on stage and in movies such as Green for Danger (1946); Scrooge (aka A Christmas Carol) (1951); An Inspector Calls (1954); and The Green Man (1957).

Politics and government
The Republican National Convention at Kemper Arena in Kansas City nominated U.S. President Gerald Ford as the party's candidate for President in the November 1976 election. Mr. Ford narrowly defeated former California Governor Ronald Reagan 1,187-1,070 on the first ballot. Mr. Ford chose U.S. Senator Bob Dole (Kansas) as his vice presidential running mate.

Society
The Science Council of Canada suggested slowing urbanization and immigration in order to maintain Canada's standard of living.

Labour
Workers in Denmark began a four-day strike over passage of a government economic plan that would limit wage increases.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Hermione Baddeley, 79
. U.K. actress. Miss Baddeley was a character actress in numerous plays, movies, and television programs. She was nominated for an Academy Award for her supporting performance in Room at the Top (1959), and was perhaps best known to North American audiences for playing housekeeper Mrs. Naugatuck in the television comedy series Maude (1974-1977).

25 years ago
1991


World events
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev was briefly overthrown by a coup of Communist hardliners.

Protest
Negro groups began three days of riots targeting Hasidic Jews on the streets of Crown Heights in Brooklyn, New York after two Negro children had been hit by a car driven by a Hasidic man.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Spinning the Wheel--George Michael

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Change the World--Eric Clapton (3rd week at #1)
2 Tucker's Town--Hootie & the Blowfish
3 You Learn--Alanis Morisette
4 Free to Decide--The Cranberries
5 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
6 Jerk--Kim Stockwood
7 Angel Mine--Cowboy Junkies
8 Ahead by a Century--The Tragically Hip
9 Lack of Water--The Why Store
10 Jealousy--Natalie Merchant

Singles entering the chart were 18 Til I Die by Bryan Adams (#72); All I Want is Everything by Def Leppard (#74); Why by Bass is Base (#92); I Will Take Care of You by Amy Sky (#97); You and I by the Scorpions (#98); and One More Try by Kristine W (#99).

Television
Radio-Québec, which had been founded on February 22, 1968 as a provincially owned radio and television network, changed its name to Télé-Québec.

Scandal
Former Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker (Democrat) was sentenced to four years' probation for crimes related to the Whitewater Development Company. U.S. President Bill Clinton--Mr. Tucker's immediate predecessor as Governor of Arkansas--and his wife Hillary were also involved with Whitewater.

10 years ago
2006


Football
CFL
Montreal (7-2) 6 @ Toronto (4-5) 31
Hamilton (2-8) 15 @ Saskatchewan (4-5) 46

Toronto quarterback Damon Allen passed the 70,000 mark in career yards passing in leading the Argonauts over the Alouettes before 30,786 fans at Rogers Centre.

Kenton Keith rushed 13 times for 148 yards and a touchdown and caught 2 passes for 101 yards--including an 80-yard touchdown--as the Roughriders routed the Tiger-Cats before 22,820 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina.