Friday, July 29, 2016

July 29, 2016

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Charlie Christian
. U.S. musician. Mr. Christian was a swing and jazz guitarist with the Benny Goodman Sextet from 1939-1941. He was one of the first electric guitarists, and has been credited as one of the founders of bebop. Mr. Christian died of tuberculosis on March 2, 1942 at the age of 25.

Budd Boetticher. U.S. movie director. Oscar Boetticher, Jr. was a bullfighter in Mexico before going into the movie business, producing and directing Bullfighter and the Lady (1951). He became known for directing low-budget Westerns starring Randolph Scott, including Seven Men from Now (1956); Buchanan Rides Alone (1958); and Ride Lonesome (1959). Mr. Boetticher died on November 29, 2001 at the age of 85.

Disasters
Lightning ignited a large forest fire in northern Ontario; it destroyed the towns of Cochrane and Matheson, and killed 223 people.

80 years ago
1936


Baseball
The Brooklyn Dodgers and St. Louis Cardinals split a doubleheader before 12,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, with the Dodgers winning the first game 22-7 and the Cardinals taking the second game 5-4. Buddy Hassett hit 2 triples and drove in 5 runs for Brooklyn in the first game, while Joe Medwick hit 2 home runs for St. Louis in the second game.

Lou Gehrig batted 3 for 4 with a home run, 2 runs and 3 runs batted in, while Joe DiMaggio was 3 for 6 with a triple, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in as the New York Yankees routed the Detroit Tigers 13-3 before 13,000 fans at Navin Field in Detroit. It was the 227th and last career major league game for Detroit relief pitcher Chad Kimsey, who pitched 3 scoreless innings, and doubled and scored in his only plate appearance.

The Cleveland Indians swept a doubleheader from the Washington Nationals 11-6 and 6-5 at League Park in Cleveland.

75 years ago
1941


War
The U.S.S.R. claimed to have begun an offensive at Smolensk.

Diplomacy
U.S. Senator Worth Clark (Democrat--Idaho) said that the United States "should take over control" of all Latin America and Canada and set up "puppet governments" because "the Good Neighbor Policy has been a failure."

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King told his war cabinet that he would rather resign than support conscription.

Arthur Klein (Democrat) defeated George Hastings (Republican) in a special election for the New York's 14th District in the United States House of Representatives.

Economics and finance
Japan froze assets of the Netherlands and Netherlands East Indies.

Law
Paraguayan President Higinio Morinigio decreed the death penalty for revolutionaries.

Labour
A strike of 8,000 American Federation of Labor electricl workers tied up construction jobs in New York City and stopped work on defense projects at the Brooklyn Navy Yard.

Boxing
Freddie Cochrane (63-31-8) won the world welterweight title with a 15-round decision over defending champion Fritzie Zivic (110-26-5) at Ruppert Stadium in Newark, New Jersey.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (11th week at #1)
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
2 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
3 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
4 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
5 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
6 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
7 My Fickle Eye--Betty Hutton
--Jack Smith and the Five DeMarco Sisters
--Judy Canova
8 In Love in Vain--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
--Margaret Whiting
9 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
10 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Who Do You Love I Hope by Elliot Lawrence and his Orchestra (#26) and Along with Me by Margaret Whiting (#28).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Forgetful Murderer

War
Chinese Communist troops attacked a U.S. Marine convoy between Tientsin and Peking, killing 3 Marines and wounding 12.

Diplomacy
French Prime Minister Georges Bidault opened the 21-nation Paris Peace Conference in Luxembourg Palace, and was chosen temporary chairman of the conference.

World events
A Panamanian court acquitted former President Arnulfo Arias of charges of participating in an abortive coup in December 1945.

Politics and government
India's Muslim League withdrew its acceptance of British independence proposals, accusing the British government and the Congress Party of going back on their original pledge to guarantee certain posts for Muslims in the new government.

New York State revoked the Ku Klux Klan charter, while the U.S. Justice Department revealed that it was investigating Klan activities in seven states.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Harry Truman a bill extending the Reconstruction Finance Corporation to June 30, 1947.

Scandal
U.S. Controller General Lindsay Warren told the Senate War Inviestigating Committee that loopholes in war contracts had cost the government "untold millions."

Business
United Aircraft Corporation made history's first commercial helicopter sale, a $48,500-delivery to Helicopter Air Transport, Inc.

Oil
The Bahamian subsidiary of Standard Oil Company of New Jersey announced that it would use radar and a diving chamber to search for oil under the Caribbean Sea floor.

Labour
The French government decreed a general wage increase for public servants averaging 18%.

Boxing
Bruce Woodcock (27-1) knocked out Albert Renet (28-18-4) in the 6th round at King's Hall in Manchester, England to win the vacant European Boxing Union heavyweight title. Mr. Woodcock knocked down Mr. Renet in the 4th, 5th, and 6th rounds before knocking him out.

60 years ago
1956


Economics and finance
Egypt banned all exports to the United Kingdom and its colonies, and halted shipment of all steling trade goods through the Suez Canal. The French government froze $1.285 billion worth of Egyptian assets in France.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Hubert Humphrey (Minnesota), in a letter to Representative Eugene McCarthy (Democrat--Minnesota), authorized his friends to "work actively in my behalf" for the 1956 Democratic Party nomination for Vice President of the United States.

Auto racing
Ron Flockhart and Ninian Sanderson of Scotland won the 24 Hours of Le Mans, avergaing 104.3 miles per hour in a Jaguar.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Pretty Flamingo--Manfred Mann

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Hanky Panky--Tommy James and the Shondells
2 Wild Thing--The Troggs
3 Sweet Pea--Tommy Roe
4 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
5 I Saw Her Again--The Mamas and the Papas
6 This Door Swings Both Ways--Herman's Hermits
7 Little Girl--Syndicate of Sound
8 Mother's Little Helper/Lady Jane--The Rolling Stones
9 Along Comes Mary--The Association
Pick hit of the week: God Only Knows--The Beach Boys
New this week: Chapel in the Field--The Knickerbockers
The Joker Went Wild--Brian Hyland
Bus Stop--The Hollies
Campfire Girls--Billy Joe Royal
Blowin' in the Wind--Stevie Wonder

World events
A counter-coup in Nigeria led by Lieutenant Colonel Murtala Muhammed resulted in the murders of Head of State Major General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, 42, and military Governor of Western Nigeria Adekunle Fajuyi, 40.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (1-0) 40 @ Edmonton (0-1) 13

Ron Lancaster threw 3 touchdown passes to Hugh Campbell and 1 each to Ed Buchanan and Paul Dudley as the Roughriders routed the Eskimos before 16,400 fans at Clarke Stadium in the earliest CFL regular season opening game to date. Jim Thomas scored both Edmonton touchdowns.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Mickey Cohen, 62
. U.S. gangster. Mr. Cohen was involved in organized crime in Chicago before moving to Los Angeles in 1939, evantually leading the Cohen crime family. He was convicted of income tax evasion in 1951 and served four years in prison. Upon his release, Mr. Cohen became a media celebrity. He died of stomach cancer.

Crime
In New York City, David Berkowitz--later to become infamous as"Son of Sam"--killed one person and seriously wounded another in the first of a series of attacks.

Olympics
Alberto Juantorena of Cuba won the gold medal in the men's 400-metre run at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. He had won the 800-metre run four days earlier, and thus became the first man to win the gold medal in both events.

Football
CFL
Montreal (1-0-1) 20 @ Calgary (0-1-1) 20
Hamilton (0-2) 14 @ British Columbia (1-1) 39

The Alouettes had a chance to defeat the Stampeders on the last play of the game at McMahon Stadium, but Don Sweet was wide on a 34-yard field goal attempt, and Larry Cates returned the ball out of the Calgary end zone.

The Lions' win over the Tiger-Cats Empire Stadium in Vancouver marked the end of George Dickson's tenure as head coach of the Tiger-Cats after 4 pre-season and 2 regular season games, all of which were Hamilton losses, and none of them by fewer than 15 points. He was replaced by general manager Bob Shaw.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Freedom--Robbie Williams

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 You Learn--Alanis Morisette (3rd week at #1)
2 Change the World--Eric Clapton
3 Flood--Jars of Clay
4 The Only Thing that Looks Good on Me is You--Bryan Adams
5 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
6 Ahead by a Century--The Tragically Hip
7 Looking for It--Jann Arden
8 Wrong--Everything But the Girl
9 Jealousy--Natalie Merchant
10 Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

Singles entering the chart were Instinct by Crowded House (#93); Good Friday by the Black Crowes (#95); Sitting on Top of the World by Amanda Marshall (#96); Symbolistic White Walls by the Matthew Good Band (#97); and Lies to Me by 54-40 (#98).

Defense
China conducted an underground nuclear test and then announced that it was their last, declaring a moratorium on future testing.

Law
The child protection portion of the Communications Decency Act was struck down by a U.S. federal court as too broad.

Olympics
On his third attempt in the long jump at the Atlanta Games, Carl Lewis, 35, leapt 27 feet 10 3/4 inches to win his fourth Olympic long jump, tying him with former discus thrower Al Oerter of the United States as the only athletes to win four gold medals in the same event. Mr. Oerter won his medals in the 1956, 1960, 1964 and 1968 Olympics; Mr. Lewis won in 1984, 1988, 1992, adn 1996.

Football
CFL
Calgary (4-1) 36 @ Winnipeg (3-3) 38

10 years ago
2006


Football
CFL
British Columbia (4-3) 28 @ Toronto (2-4) 8
Calgary (3-4) 9 @ Saskatchewan (3-3) 19

Thursday, July 28, 2016

July 28, 2016

275 years ago
1741


Died on this date
Antonio Vivaldi, 63
. Italian composer. Mr. Vivaldi was one of the most prominent composers of the Baroque era. His best-known work was The Four Seasons (1725).

150 years ago
1866


Born on this date
Beatrix Potter
. U.K. author. Miss Potter was known for her children's books, beginning with The Tale of Peter Rabbit (1902). She died on December 22, 1943 at the age of 77.

Americana
Vinnie Ream, 18, became the first and youngest female artist to receive a commission from the United States government for a statue (of Abraham Lincoln).

120 years ago
1896


Americana
The city of Miami, Florida was incorporated.

80 years ago
1936


Baseball
Lou Gehrig hit a 3-run home run, 2 doubles, and a single as the New York Yankees beat the Detroit Tigers 16-6 before 16,000 fans at Navin Field in Detroit. Goose Goslin of the Tigers hit an inside-the-park home run in the 6th inning when New York center fielder Myril Hoag and right fielder Joe DiMaggio were both knocked unconscious when they collided as they dove for the ball. Mr. DiMaggio played the next day, but then collapsed with a blood clot in his brain; Mr. Hoag finished the inning, but missed the rest of the season.

"Bullfrog" Bill Dietrich pitched a 10-hit complete game victory and batted 4 for 6 with a run and 3 runs batted in as the Chicago White Sox routed the Philadelphia Athletics 19-6 at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored an unearned run in the top of the 10th inning to defeat the Brooklyn Dodgers 9-8 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

Mel Ott batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs, 3 runs, and 6 runs batted in as the New York Giants beat the Cincinnati Reds 11-3 to complete the sweep of a doubleheader before 13,375 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. The Giants scored all their runs in the 1st inning as they won the first game 5-1.

Dolph Camilli hit 2 home runs, including a 2-run blast with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to end the game, as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Chicago Cubs 5-3 before 4,000 fans at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Mr. Camilli's second homer climaxed a 4-run 9th-inning rally.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Edward Beale McLean, 52
. U.S. publisher. Mr. McLean owned and published The Washington Post from 1916-1933. He purchased the Hope Diamond in 1911, and his family thereafter suffered several tragedies. Mr. McLean was declared insane in 1933 and was committed to a psychiatric hospital, where he died of a heart attack.

Married on this date
U.S. composer David Rose, 31, married U.S. actress Judy Garland, 19, in Las Vegas.

War
U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) denounced War Secretary Henry Stimson's "treason" remarks as part of " a well-organized and carefully planned smear campaign by warmongers to silence opposition to war." 11 Senators defended Sen. Wheeler.

Diplomacy
Finland severed relations with the United Kingdom. U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles pledged that the United States Treasury Department "will grant prompt clearance for Japanese vessels clearing from U.S. ports."

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives approved the first supplemental appropriations bill for $8 billion and sent it to the Senate.

Politics and government
U.S. Representative Joseph Martin (Republican--Massachusetts) warned that the United States might become a dictatorship after the present war unless it prepared now for the postwar crisis.

Economics and finance
The Netherlands East Indies cancelled trade agreements, under which Japan was to receive about 1.8 million tons of oil, and froze Japanese banking assets.

Labour
Unarmed Canadian soldiers dispersed pickets at the National Steel Car Company in Hamilton after the Congress of Industrial Organizations called a strike to obtain bargaining rights.

70 years ago
1946


War
Assistant U.S. War Secretary Howard Petersen reported that Japanese war crimes accounted for 142,076 American and Filipio deaths.

Chinese Nationalist and Communist representatives in Changchun accepted a U.S. proposal to form a no-man's land along the Sungari River in Manchuria, while Nationalist forces advanced along the Ling Hai railway on the Yellow River.

Diplomacy
French President Charles de Gaulle called for an Anglo-French entente to "re-establish equilibrium" between the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R.

U.K. Palestine Commander Sir Evelyn Barker banned fraternization of British troops with Palestinian Jews.

Politics and government
Negroes voted for the first time in the Texas Democratic Party primary, which resulted in the renomination of Senator Tom Connally and Representatives Wright Patman, Sam Rayburn, and Lyndon Johnson.

Scandal
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Director Fiorello La Guardia charged that millions of dollars of supplies were being stolen by soldiers in the Trieste area.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations announced the formation of a National Maritime Council of seven unions to eliminate jurisdictional disputes.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Great Pretender--The Platters (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heimweh--Freddy Quinn

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Why Do Fools Fall in Love--Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Want You, I Need You, I Love You/My Baby Left Me--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--1st week at #1); The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant (Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Top 100--6th week at #1); I Almost Lost My Mind--Pat Boone (Jukebox--1st week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Almost Lost My Mind--Pat Boone (2nd week at #1)
2 My Prayer--The Platters
3 I Want You, I Need You, I Love You--Elvis Presley
4 The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant
5 Be-Bop-A-Lula--Gene Vincent and the Blue Caps
6 Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day
7 More--Perry Como
8 I'm in Love Again--Fats Domino
9 Moonglow and Theme from "Picnic"--Morris Stoloff and the Columbia Pictures Orchestra
--George Cates and his Orchestra
10 Allegheny Moon--Patti Page

Singles entering the chart were I Promise to Remember by Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers (#33); When My Dreamboat Comes Home (#37)/So Long (#50) by Fats Domino; The Fool, with versions by Sanford Clark, and the Gallahads (#40); The Old Philosopher by Eddie Lawrence (#41); Somebody Up There Likes Me by Perry Como (#44); Weary Blues by the McGuire Sisters and Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra (#46); Theme Song from Song for a Summer Night (Parts 1 and 2) by Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (#47); and Hound Dog by Elvis Presley (also #50). Somebody Up There Likes Me was the title song of the movie.

Died on this date
Louis Héry
. French auto racing driver. Mr. Héry was killed in a crash after 5 laps of the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

Politics and government
Manuel Prado Ugarteche took office as President of Peru following the country's first free election in 11 years.

Economics and finance
The U.K. Treasury blocked all Suez Canal Company and Egyptian assets in British banks.

Protest
George Cummings resigned as warden of Connecticut State Prison following a five-hour strike by 250 convicts demanding better food and clothing.

Chess
Arthur Bisguier of New York won the U.S. open tournament in Oklahoma City.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Out of Time--Chris Farlowe

Politics and government
Alex Campbell was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island, replacing Walter Shaw. The May 30 provincial election had resulted in a 15-15 tie in seats between Mr. Shaw's Progressive Conservatives and Mr. Campbell's Liberals. The election for the two seats in the riding of 1st Kings was postponed to July 11 because of the death of Liberal candidate William Acorn. The Liberals won both seats in the by-election, giving them a 17-15 majority in the House of Assembly, and leading to the resignation of Mr. Shaw's government.

40 years ago
1976


Disasters
An earthquake measuring between 7.8 and 8.2 moment magnitude flattened Tangshan in the People's Republic of China, killing 242,769 and injuring 164,851.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-0) 25 @ Toronto (1-1) 20

Keith Barnette rushed 21 times for 101 yards and a touchdown to help the Eskimos defeat the Argonauts before 43,002 fans at Exhibition Stadium, the largest crowd yet to attend a CFL game. The Argonauts blew a scoring opportunity when they had first down at the Edmonton 1-yard line, but failed to score on three straight plays. It was the first CFL game for Edmonton defensive back Joe Hollimon, and the last for Edmonton defensive back Dick Dupuis, who was in his 12th CFL season.

Baseball
Blue Moon Odom pitched 5+ innings before being relieved by Francisco Barrios, who pitched 4 innings as they combined on a no-hitter for the Chicago White Sox in a 2-1 win over the Oakland Athletics before 3,367 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. It was the 84th and last career major league win for Mr. Odom, who had pitched with the Athletics from 1964-1975. Mr. Odom walked 9 batters, and was removed after issuing a base on balls to Billy Williams to open the bottom of the 6th inning. The Athletics scored in the 4th on two bases on balls, a force out, a stolen base, and a throwing error by Chicago catcher Jim Essian. Jim Spencer broke a 1-1 tie with a home run off Paul Lindblad with 2 out in the top of the 6th.

The Baltimore Orioles scored a run in the bottom of the 6th inning and 3 in the 7th to overcome a 3-0 deficit and edge the New York Yankees 4-3 before 23,701 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Buddy Bell, Larvell Blanks, and Rico Carty hit home runs for the Cleveland Indians as they came back from a 6-2 2nd-inning deficit to defeat the Boston Red Sox 7-6 before 22,246 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Alex Johnson singled and came around to score on a sacrifice fly by Pedro Garcia in the top of the 9th inning as the Detroit Tigers edged the Milwaukee Brewers 1-0 before 13,865 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Dave Roberts pitched a 5-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Jerry Augustine, who allowed 9 hits in pitching a complete game.

Tom Poquette reached first base on an error by second baseman Jerry Remy and came around to score on a squeeze bunt by Dave Nelson in the top of the 15th inning to give the Kansas City Royals a 3-2 win over the California Angels before 9,947 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

Manny Trillo hit a 3-run home run in the top of the 11th inning to give the Chicago Cubs a 5-2 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 35,043 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

Richie Hebner hit a home run off Ken Sanders with 1 out in the top of the 13th inning to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 1-0 win over the New York Mets before 22,215 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Pittsburgh starting pitcher George Medich allowed 5 hits in 10 innings, while Dave Giusti allowed 1 hit in 3 innings to get the win. New York starter Tom Seaver allowed 7 hits in 10 innings, striking out 10.

The San Francisco Giants scored 3 runs in the top of the 1st inning and coasted to a 7-0 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 28,053 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. John D'Acquisto allowed 4 hits in 6 1/3 innings to improve his 1976 record to 3-5; he was relieved by Gary Lavelle, who allowed 1 hit in 2 2/3 innings. Cincinnati starter Santo Alcala allowed 8 hits, 5 earned runs, and 2 bases on balls in 2 2/3 innings, while also making a wild pitch and a balk, as he dropped to 9-3.

The Montreal Expos scored a run in the 7th inning and 2 in the 9th as they blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 before 16,139 fans at Busch Memorial Stadiumm in St. Louis. Woodie Fryman allowed 8 hits in 6 innings to improve his 1976 record to 9-8, while Dale Murray allowed 2 hits in 3 innings to earn his 11th save of the season.

The San Diego Padres scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning and held on to edge the Houston Astros 2-1 before 14,260 fans at the Astrodome. The Astros scored a run in the bottom of the 10th and had the potential tying run at second base, but pinch hitter Jerry DaVanon grounded out to end the game.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): More Than Words--Extreme (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Wind of Change--Scorpions (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (2nd week at #1)

Baseball
Dennis Martinez pitched a perfect game--becoming the first player from Nicaragua to do so--as the Montreal Expos blanked the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-0 before 45,560 fans at Dodger Stadium. Ron Hassey, who had caught Len Barker's perfect game with the Cleveland Indians in 1981, became the first major league player to catch two perfect games. The Expos scored 2 unearned runs in the 7th inning as a result of 2 errors by Los Angeles shortstop Alfredo Griffin. Losing pitcher Mike Morgan allowed just 4 hits in pitching a complete game. The Sunday afternoon game was televised in Canada on TSN.



Dave Hollins hit a solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 1st inning to open the scoring, but Kevin Mitchell homered to lead off the bottom of the 2nd and Matt Williams homered to lead off the bottom of the 6th as the San Francisco Giants edged the Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 before 36,268 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Bud Black allowed 4 hits in 6 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Tommy Greene, who allowed 7 hits in 7 innings.

The San Diego Padres scored 2 unearned runs in the bottom of the 6th inning and Andy Benes allowed just 5 hits and no bases on balls in 8 innings to improve his 1991 record to 5-10 as the Padres blanked the New York Mets 2-0 before 25,090 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. Losing pitcher Frank Viola allowed just 4 hits in 7 innings as he dropped to 11-7.

The Milwaukee Brewers scored 8 runs in the first 3 innings and coasted to an 11-2 win over the Minnesota Twins before 47,524 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Jaime Navarro allowed 10 hits in pitching a complete game victory, while Minnesota starter Jack Morris allowed 9 hits and 8 runs--all earned--in 2 2/3 innings.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

Died on this date
Roger Tory Peterson, 87
. U.S. ornithologist. Mr. Peterson has been called the inventor of the modern field guide, beginning with Guide to the Birds (1934). He has also been credited as an inspiration to the modern environmental movement. Mr. Peterson died a month before his 88th birthday.

Archaeology
The remains of the prehistoric man eventually known as Kennewick Man were discovered near Kennewick, Washington.

Olympics
Canadian Brian Walton won a silver medal in the cycling points race at the Atlanta Olympic Games, while fellow Canadian Curt Harnett earned the bronze medal in the men's sprint on the track near Stone Mountain. Canada's men's doubles team of John Child and Mark Heese took the bronze at the inaugural Olympic beach volleyball tournament. Canadian rowers won medals at Lake Lanier at the Atlanta Games: Dave Boyes, Jeff Lay, Gavin Hassett and Brian Peaker took silver in the men's four; Marnie McBean, Kathleen Heddle, Laryssa Biesenthal and Diane O'Grady came away with bronze in the women's four; and Emma Robinson, Anna van der Kamp, Theresa Luke, Tosha Tsang, Alison Korn, Heather McDermid, Maria Maunder, Jessica Monroe and Lesley Thompson had a silver-medal performance in the women's eight with coxswain.

10 years ago
2006


Football
CFL
Winnipeg (4-2) 29 @ Hamilton (1-6) 0
Montreal (6-0) 21 @ Edmonton (2-4) 13

27,027 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium saw the Winnipeg defense limit the Hamilton offense to 108 net yards as the Tiger-Cats suffered their first shutout at home since October 8, 1951.

Robert Edwards rushed for touchdowns of 13 and 5 yards in the last 9 minutes of regulation time as the Alouettes beat the Eskimos before 32,441 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mike Maurer scored the only Edmonton touchdown on a 13-yard pass from Ricky Ray with 13:52 remaining in regulation time.

Wednesday, July 27, 2016

July 27, 2016

150 years ago
1866


Born on this date
António José de Almeida
. 6th President of Portugal, 1919-1923; Prime Minister of Portugal, 1916, 1916-1917. Dr. Almeida, a physician, was associated with the moderate wing of the Portuguese Republican Party before founding the Evolutionist Party, which became part of the Republican Liberal Party. He was the only President of the First Republic to serve a full four-year term. Dr. Almeida died on October 31, 1929 at the age of 63.

Communications
Cyrus Field and his Anglo-American Telegraph Company finally succeed, after two failures, in laying the first permanent transatlantic telegraph cable, stretching 1,686 miles from Valentia Island, Ireland, to Heart's Content, Newfoundland.

130 years ago
1886


Labour
The Brotherhood of Professional Base Ball Players, with chapters in most cities with teams in the National League, announced its existence.

125 years ago
1891


Transportation
The last spike was driven on the Calgary and Edmonton Railway, which had begun construction on July 21, 1890. The line reduced a five-day stagecoach journey to a train trip of only a few hours.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Keenan Wynn
. U.S. actor. Mr. Wynn, the son of comedian Ed Wynn, was a character actor who appeared in numerous television programs and movies; he and his father appeared together in the Playhouse 90 television drama Requiem for a Heavyweight (1956). Keenan Wynn died of pancreatic cancer on October 14, 1986 at the age of 70.

75 years ago
1941


War
Japanese troops stationed in Tonkin occupied the southern portion of French Indochina.

The Peruvian government reported a major battle against Ecuadorian forces in the Zaramilla River basin. The Peruvian Foreign Office said that it had not yet replied to the proposed truce in their border war with Ecuador.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (10th week at #1)

They Say it's Wonderful was #2, and Doin' What Comes Natur'lly was #3.

Died on this date
Gertrude Stein, 72
. U.S. writer. Miss Stein was a Jewish lesbian who spent the last 43 years of her life in France. Her best known work was The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1933); Miss Toklas was her lover. See also here.

War
The Nationalist Chinese government in Nanking rejected Communist proposals for a cease-fire, stating that questions of the control of Manchuria, reorganization of the armies, and reopening of communications must be settled first.

Diplomacy
Drafts of tentative peace treaties prepared at the Paris Peace Conference of Foreign Ministers were published, showing that Italy, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary,and Finland would be stripped of war-making potential. Italy would lose her colonies, and Finland would be forced to cede territory to the U.S.S.R.

The Arab Higher Commission rejected a British proposal for a Jewish-Arab conference, calling for an independent Arab Palestine with no Jewish immigration.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Why Do Fools Fall in Love--Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
France and the United Kingdom formally protested the previous day's nationalization of the Suez Canal by Egypt. The protests came after French President Guy Mollet and British Prime Minister Anthony Eden summoned their respective cabinets and military leaders for emergency sessions.

Business
The Suez Canal Company called for banks holding the firm's assets to refuse to honour the Egyptian nationalization decree.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate completed passage of a $4-billion foreign aid package for fiscal 1957, retaining a rider barring new military aid to Yugoslavia.

Law
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Dwight Eisenhower a bill authorizing the Federal Bureau of Investigation to enter a kidnapping investigation in 24 hours instead of one week.

Labour
United Steel Workers of America President David MacDonald and U.S. Steel Vice President John Stevens, representing 12 major steel companies, signed an agreement on basic terms for ending the national steel strike. The terms included a three-year duration for new contracts with direct wage increases totalling 45.6c per hour over the period.

40 years ago
1976


Scandal
Former Japanese prime minister Kakuei Tanaka was arrested on suspicion of violating foreign exchange and foreign trade laws in connection with the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation bribery scandals.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (0-2) 27 @ Ottawa (2-0) 38

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Neo Bravo!!--Southern All Stars

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rapput (Senza Fiato)--Claudio Bisio; Rocco Tanica

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--Les Inconnus (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Driver's Seat--Sniff 'n' the Tears (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones
2 Unbelievable—EMF
3 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
4 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate
5 Place in this World--Michael W. Smith
6 Rush, Rush--Paula Abdul
7 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
8 I Wanna Sex You Up—Color Me Badd
9 Piece of My Heart--Tara Kemp
10 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette

Singles entering the chart were I Adore Mi Amore by Color Me Badd (#60); Shiny Happy People by R.E.M. (#70); Unforgettable by Natalie Cole with Nat King Cole (#72); Good Vibrations by Marky Mark and Funky Bunch featuring Loleatta Holloway (#75); My Name is Not Susan by Whitney Houston (#77); Motownphilly by Boyz II Men (#82); and Pop Goes the Weasel by 3rd Bass (#87). Unforgettable was a duet produced by taking Mr. Cole's original recording and combining it with a new track recorded by his daughter.

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Rush, Rush—Paula Abdul (4th week at #1)
2 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
3 A Better Love--Londonbeat
4 More than Words—Extreme
5 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
6 Superman's Song--Crash Test Dummies
7 It Ain't Over 'Til It's Over--Lenny Kravitz
8 The Rhythm of Your Love--Glass Tiger
9 Chocolate Cake--Crowded House
10 Something to Talk About--Bonnie Raitt

Singles entering the chart were Time, Love and Tenderness by Michael Bolton (#87); The Promise of a New Day by Paula Abdul (#88); The Path of Thorns by Sarah McLachlan (#89); Shiny Happy People by R.E.M. (#91); Summertime by DJ Jazzy and The Fresh Prince (#92); Miss You in a Heartbeat by the Law (#93); Saving My Heart by Yes (#96); and Piece of My Heart by Tara Kemp (#97).

Died on this date
John Friedrich, 40
. West German-born Australian conman. Mr. Friedrich, born Johann Friedrich Hohenberger, was responsible for more scams than this blogger cares to mention. He shot himself to death on his farm near Sale, Victoria, four days after appearing in court on a fraud charge involving almost $300,000.

Crime
2,000 youths in Penticton, British Columbia rioted after a concert by rap star MC Hammer. The youths smashed and looted downtown stores, and wrecked tourist establishments along the beach. 90 were jailed and 60 treated for injuries.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Lemon Tree--Fool's Garden

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton (3rd week at #1)
2 How Do You Want It/California Love--2Pac (featuring KC and JoJo)/(featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman)
3 You Learn--Alanis Morisette
4 I Can't Sleep (If I)--R. Kelly
5 C'mon n' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ’s
6 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
7 Twisted--Keith Sweat
8 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony
9 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
10 Insensitive--Jann Arden

Singles entering the chart were You Learn; Why Does it Hurt So Bad by Whitney Houston (#40); Mint Car by the Cure (#65); Angeline is Coming Home by the Badlees (#74); and Never Too Busy by Kenny Lattimore (#88).

Terrorism
A pipe bomb spiked with nails and screws exploded at the Atlanta Olympics Centennial Park, killing a 44-year-old Georgia woman and wounding at least 111 (see also here). Turkish television cameraman Melih Uzunyol, 40, died of a heart attack while running to cover the blast. Eric Rudolph was charged in the case in 2003, and pled guilty in 2005. Security guard Richard Jewell, who discovered the bomb and helped to clear the area, was initially suspected but exonerated, as the Federal Bureau of Investigation was criticized for its investigative tactics in the case, and the news media were upbraided for all but trying Mr. Jewell in print and on the air.

Olympics
Donovan Bailey won a gold medal for Canada in Atlanta, running the 100-metre sprint in 9.84, setting a world record. At Lake Lanier, Canadian rowers Marnie McBean and Kathleen Heddle also won gold in the double sculls, becoming Canada's first and only three-time Olympic gold medalists. Both Silken Laumann and Derek Porter rowed to silver for Canada in their single sculls. Canada now had 2 gold, 3 silver, and 3 bronze medals in the games.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (4-1) 28 @ British Columbia (0-5) 24

Tuesday, July 26, 2016

July 26, 2016

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Herbert Norkus
. German murder victim. Mr. Norkus was a member of the Hitler Youth who was murdered by Communists at the age of 15 on January 24, 1932, and became the subject of the novel and film Hitlerjunge Quex (1933).

90 years ago
1926


Died on this date
Robert Lincoln, 82
. U.S. politician. Mr. Lincoln, the first son of President Abraham Lincoln and the only one to survive to adulthood, was a Republican, and served as Secretary of War in the administrations of Presidents James A. Garfield and Chester Arthur (1881-1885), and as U.S. Minister to the United Kingdom from 1889-1893. He was present or nearby when his father and two other American Presidents, Mr. Garfield and William McKinley, were assassinated. Mr. Lincoln died six days before his 83rd birthday.

80 years ago
1936


War
The Axis powers decided to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.

Canadiana
King Edward VIII officially unveiled the Canadian National Vimy Memorial in France.

Baseball
The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox, winning 12-3 and 11-8 in 11 innings at Comiskey Park in Chicago. A number of the 50,000 fans began throwing pop bottles at umpire Bill Summers in the 8th inning of the second game after a call at first base went against the White Sox. Mr. Summers had to leave the game when he was hit in the groin by a bottle, and baseball Commissioner Kenesaw M. Landis, in attendance, offered a $5,000 reward for the culprit. The announcement resulted in more boos, and the crowd didn't settle down until White Sox' manager Jimmy Dykes publicly appealed for calm. New York first baseman Lou Gehrig hit a home run in each game.

Frankie Hayes batted 5 for 5 with a double, triple, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in as the Philadelphia Athletics routed the Cleveland Indians 13-0 in the first game of a doubleheader at League Park in Cleveland. In the second game, the first four Cleveland batters reached base and scored--the last 3 on a home run by Hal Trosky--as the Indians won 8-5.

Eddie Wilson doubled home pinch runner Frenchy Bordagaray with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Brooklyn Dodgers a 1-0 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of a doubleheader before 15,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Van Mungo pitched a 5-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Red Lucas. In the second game, Pep Young tripled home 2 runs in the top of the 9th to give the Pirates a 3-2 lead, but the Dodgers came back with 2 in the bottom of the 9th to win 4-3, with Mr. Bordagaray coming to bat as a pinch hitter and singling home Lonny Frey with the winning run with 1 out.

In a game whose ending was strikingly similar to the previous day's game between the teams, Hank Leiber singled home Jo-Jo Moore with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the New York Giants a 5-4 win over the Cincinnati Reds in the first game of a doubleheader before 35,624 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. The Reds won the second game 5-2.

Bucky Walters limited the Chicago Cubs to just 2 hits in pitching the Philadelphia Phillies to a 4-0 win in the first game of a doubleheader before 20,000 fans at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia, but the Cubs erupted for 23 hits, including 6 home runs, in winning the second game 18-5. Chicago right fielder Frank Demaree batted 5 for 5 with 2 home runs, 4 runs, and 7 runs batted in in the second game, and winning pitcher Lon Warneke, who pitched a complete game, also homered. Dolph Camilli hit 2 homers for the Phillies, while teammate Ernie Sulik batted 4 for 4 with a double, run, and RBI.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Daddy--Sammy Kaye and His Orchestra (4th week at #1)

War
Peru and Ecuador were reported to have agreed on a truce in their border dispute.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered Philippine military forces into the United States Army for the duration of the emergency, while the War Department appointed General Douglas MacArthur to command the troops. The U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee approved a resolution permitting the President to extend military service.

U.S.S.R. Red Army Lieutenant General Philip Golikov and Engineer General Alexander Repin arrived in Washington to confer with U.S. Army General George Marshall and coordinate Soviet military orders in the United States.

France and Japan announced an agreement on "the joint defense" of Indochina.

Diplomacy
Brazilian Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aranha said that his country supported U.S. foreign policies.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom froze Japanese assets, and Japan froze American and British assets.

70 years ago
1946


War
At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, U.S. Chief Prosecutor Robert Jackson called for the conviction of 22 Nazi defendants for subjugating Germany to a police state; waging wars; disregarding international law in warfare; enslaving populations; and exterminating Christians and Jews. Former French Prime Minister and Vichy cabinet minister Pierre-Etienne Flandin was sentenced in Paris to five years of national dishonour, but the court annulled the penalty due to his long imprisonment.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes distanced the United States from the Palestine division plan proposed the previous day by the Anglo-American cabinet committee.

Defense
The U.S. House and Senate passed and sent to President Harry Truman a version of the disputed MacMahon atomic energy bill, which provided for a five-man control commission without military representation, and allowed the Army and Navy to manufacture atomic weapons with presidential approval.

Labour
U.S. President Truman signed the Labor Security National Labor Relations Board bill, which returned the U.S. Employment Service to the states on November 15, 1946.

Transportation
Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu International Airport.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Je vais revoir ma blonde--Darío Moreno (4th week at #1)

World events
Following the World Bank's refusal to fund the Aswan High Dam project, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal, sparking international condemnation.

Crime
A U.S. Army court-martial in Munich sentenced Private Elgie Newton to 40 years in prison for throwing a hand grenade into a Munich bar, injuring 7 American soldiers and 100 Germans.

Defense
The United States Congress completed passage of a bill authorizing $2.1 billion for military base construction without the congressional oversight provisions vetoed earlier by President Dwight Eisenhower.

Disasters
The Italian luxury ocean liner SS Andrea Doria sank in the Atlantic Ocean 45 miles south of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts, the day after colliding with the Swedish liner MS Stockholm. 46 passengers aboard the Andrea Doria and 5 crewmen of the Stockholm perished.



50 years ago
1966


Scandal
Retired Canadian postal clerk George Spencer was found guilty in Vancouver of gross misconduct in supplying information to the U.S.S.R. as part of an apparent effort by the Soviet secret police force KGB to recruit Mr. Spencer as an agent.

40 years ago
1976


Diplomacy
Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser began a four-day visit to the United States.

Politics and government
The Italian Communist Party gained the chairmanship of four key legislative committees.

Football
CFL
Montreal (1-0) 26 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 17

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): The Edge of Heaven--Wham!

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Edge of Heaven--Wham! (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Lady in Red--Chris de Burgh (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sledgehammer--Peter Gabriel

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sledgehammer--Peter Gabriel
2 Invisible Touch--Genesis
3 Nasty--Janet Jackson
4 Danger Zone--Kenny Loggins
5 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera
6 There’ll Be Sad Songs (To Make You Cry)—Billy Ocean
7 Holding Back the Years—Simply Red
8 Love Touch--Rod Stewart
9 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna
10 Your Wildest Dreams--Moody Blues

Singles entering the chart were Love Zone by Billy Ocean (#63); Walk This Way by Run-D.M.C. (#76); Velcro Fly by ZZ Top (#77); Nothing in Common by Thompson Twins (#86); Look Away by Big Country (#87); Hot Water by Level 42 (#88); Victory Line by Limited Warranty (#89); and So Far So Good by Sheena Easton (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Sledgehammer--Peter Gabriel
2 Who's Johnny--El DeBarge
3 I Can't Wait--Nu Shooz
4 We Don't Have to Take Our Clothes Off--Jermaine Stewart
5 On My Own—Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald
6 Invisible Touch--Genesis
7 No One is to Blame—Howard Jones
8 There’ll Be Sad Songs (To Make You Cry)—Billy Ocean
9 Crush on You--The Jets
10 Holding Back the Years—Simply Red

Singles entering the chart were Stuck with You by Huey Lewis and the News (#87); That was Then, This is Now by Micky Dolenz and Peter Tork (#94); Spirit in the Sky by Doctor and the Medics (#95); Black/White by Mr. Mister (#97); and Man Size Love by Klymaxx (#98).

Died on this date
W. Averell Harriman, 94
. U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Harriman, a Democrat, was U.S. Secretary of Commerce in the administration of President Harry Truman from 1946-1948, and was Governor of New York from 1955-1959. He held several diplomatic posts, and was President Franklin D. Roosevelt's special envoy to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill during World War II.

25 years ago
1991


Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-3) 16 @ Saskatchewan (1-2) 52

Baseball
Mark Gardner of the Montreal Expos pitched a no-hitter for 9 innings against the Los Angeles Dodgers before 38,957 fans at Dodger Stadium, but Lenny Harris beat out an infield single in the bottom of the 10th, and 2 more hits followed, including a single by Darryl Strawberry to drive in the game's only run as the Dodgers won 1-0. The Expos managed just 2 hits against Los Angeles pitchers Orel Hershiser, Kevin Gross, and Jay Howell.

Devon White singled and eventually scored on an error by third baseman Kevin Seitzer with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Toronto Blue Jays a 6-5 win over the Kansas City Royals before 50,326 fans at SkyDome in Toronto.

The Oakland Athletics scored 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to break a 9-9 tie and defeat the Baltimore Orioles 12-9 before 43,207 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Ernie Riles hit a grand slam for Oakland with 2 out in the 5th inning to give the Athletics a 7-3 lead. The Athletics led 9-3 after 6 1/2 innings, but the Orioles scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 7th to tie the game, with the last 4 runs coming on a grand slam by pinch hitter Dwight Evans.

Errors by center fielder Gary Pettis and catcher Ivan Rodriguez led to an unearned run by Tony Phillips in the top of the 10th inning, giving the Detroit Tigers a 3-2 win over the Texas Rangers before 40,383 fans at Arlington Stadium. John Kiely made his major league debut with the Tigers, entering the game as a pitcher to begin the 8th inning. He surrendered a double to Juan Gonzalez and was promptly relieved by Paul Gibson.

20 years ago
1996


Scandal
Former Roman Catholic bishop Hubert O'Conner was convicted of sex crimes committed at St. Joseph's Mission near Williams Lake, British Columbia in the late 1960s.

Football
CFL
Toronto (4-1) 40 @ Saskatchewan (2-3) 16

10 years ago
2006


Crime
A jury in Houston, Texas found Andrea Yates not guilty by reason of insanity in the June 20, 2001 drowning of her five children in a bathtub in the second trial she faced on the charges; she was committed to a state mental hospital.

Monday, July 25, 2016

July 25, 2016

1,000 years ago
1016


Born on this date
Casimir I
. Duke of Poland, 1038-1058. Casimir the Restorer was the son of King Mieszko II, who died in 1034 under suspicious circumstances. Casimir was de facto ruler of Poland--with several interruptions--until his death on November 28, 1058 at the age of 42.

250 years ago
1766


War
Pontiac, chief of the Ottawa Indians, made a formal treaty with British Superintendent of Indian Affairs Sir William Johnson at Fort Ontario, New York; the Treaty of Oswego marked the end of the uprising that had begun in 1763.

180 years ago
1836


Transportation
The Champlain and St. Lawrence Railway opened for business; the 17-mile portage road running from La Prairie, opposite Montréal, to St-Jean, Québec on the Richelieu River, was Canada's first public railway line.

150 years ago
1866


Defense
The United States Congress passed legislation authorizing the rank of General of the Army. Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant became the first to be promoted to this rank.

80 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Noble Bachelor

Theatre
The Federal Theatre Project's production of Macbeth, produced by John Houseman and starring Orson Welles, finished its five-night run at the Park Theatre in Bridgeport, Connecticut.

Baseball
Frankie Hayes hit 4 doubles, the last with the bases loaded in the 9th inning, to lead the Philadelphia Athletics to a 15-12 win over the Cleveland Indians at League Park in Cleveland.

The Boston Red Sox scored 6 runs in the 2nd inning and 12 more in the 5th to rout the Detroit Tigers 18-3 before 22,000 fans at Navin Field in Detroit. Doc Cramer led the Red Sox with 4 hits. Lefty Grove pitched a complete game for the victory, improving to 12-6 for the season; Tommy Bridges took the loss, dropping to 12-7.

The Chicago Cubs scored 4 runs in each of the 3rd, 5th, and 8th innings as they routed the Philadelphia Phillies 17-4 before 6,000 fans at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia.

The New York Giants rallied for 3 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 5-4 before 10,316 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Burgess Whitehead singled in 2 runs to tie the game and advanced to third base on an error by Cincinnati right fielder Kiki Cuyler; after an intentional walk to Mel Ott, Hank Leiber singled home Mr. Whitehead. Losing pitcher Bill Hallahan hit a home run in the top of the 9th to give Cincinnati a 4-2 lead.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
John Ford, 78
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. Ford sat in the New York State Senate from 1896-1900 and on the New York Supreme Court from 1907-1932. He founded the Clean Books League, and died three days before his 79th birthday.

War
The Soviet Air Force attacked the Romanian ports of Constante and Sulina.

U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles wired the foreign ministers of Peru and Ecuador, urging them to stop their border conflict so that the U.S.A., Argentina, and Brazil could aid in mediating the dispute.

Diplomacy
The German Transocean Press Service was convicted of failing to register in the United States as an agent of the German government, and was fined $1,000.

Economics and finance
The U.S. ordered a freeze on all Japanese assets in the United States; Chinese assets were also frozen, at Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek's request, "to prevent the liquidation...of assets obtained by duress or conquest."

Labour
Over 3,000 Panamanian and Latin American workers in the Gatun area of the Canal Zone fought against labourers imported from the West Indies.

Technology
Radio Corporation of America announced the development of a high-voltage electron microscope, making it possible to magnify objects 100,000 times.

Scandal
Enoch Johnson, Republican Party leader of Atlantic County, New Jersey, was found guilty of evading payment of $38,716 in federal income taxes on money he received from the numbers racket.

Chess
Reuben Fine retained his U.S. Chess Federation open title, defeating George Sturgis in St. Louis.

Baseball
Lefty Grove went the distance for his 300th and last career major league win as the Boston Red Sox beat the Cleveland Indians 10-6 before 10,000 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Jim Tabor hit 2 home runs for the Red Sox, and Ted Williams hit a 2-run homer to break a 6-6 tie. Al Milnar took the loss for the Indians in relief of Mel Harder.

The New York Yankees scored 5 runs in the 4th inning and 3 in the 8th as they blanked the Chicago White Sox 8-0 before 8,109 fans at Yankee Stadium. Spud Chandler pitched a 3-hit shutout without striking out a batter, while Tommy Henrich and Charlie Keller each hit 3-run home runs. All 8 runs were unearned.

The Philadelphia Athletics scored 6 runs in the 7th inning and 3 in the 8th as they defeated the Detroit Tigers 11-5 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Tigers scored 4 runs in the top of the 8th.

The Boston Braves scored 3 runs in the 1st inning and 5 in the second as they coasted to an 8-0 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 22,933 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Jim Tobin pitched a 3-hit shutout, while Paul Waner hit his first home run of the season, a 3-run blast in the 2nd inning.

70 years ago
1946


Humour
At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis staged their first show as a comedy team.

War
Chinese Nationalist forces drove the Communists northward from the Nanking-Shanghai area in the province of Kiangsu.

Defense
As part of Operation Crossroads, the United States detonated an atomic bomb underwater in the lagoon of Bikini Atoll; it was the first such test to take place underwater, falling in the midst of 75 warships and sinking 10.

Diplomacy
An Anglo-American cabinet committee proposed a division of Palestine into Jewish and Arab sectors, with overall control resting with British authorities, which would directly administer Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and the Negev.

Abominations
A mob of 20 white men forced four Negroes out of acar near Monroe, Georgia and killed them for allegedly stabbing a white man.

Politics and government
U.S. President Harry Truman named Jesus Pinero as Governor of Puerto Rico, succeeding Rexford Tugwell.

Economics and finance
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur approved a plan to decentralize economic power in Japan by liquidating the zaibatsu combines.

U.S. President Truman "reluctantly" signed the bill extending the Office of Price Administration through June 30, 1947, stating that he would call a special session of Congress if this new law failed to stem inflation. Mr. Truman issued an executive order shifting the Office of Economic Stabilization to the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, making John Steelman temporary stabilization chief.

Agriculture
The governments of Canada and the United Kingdom announced a trade agreement calling for the sale of 600 million bushels of Canadian wheat to Britain for the next four years.

Scandal
A U.S. War Department report affirmed that defective mortar shells had killed American combat soldiers, but denied that faulty parts were made by the armaments firm under investigation in the Senate. U.S. House of Representatives Military Affairs Committee Chairman Andrew May (Democrat--Kentucky) claimed that he was unable to attend the Senate war profits inquiry due to a heart attack, after previously agreeing to testify.

60 years ago
1956


Diplomacy
Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion said in a published interview that if the United Nations did not stop the Arab states' "policy of terrorism," Israel would act alone to "punish" the "perpetrators of these crimes."

Disasters
The Italian ocean liner SS Andrea Doria collided with the MS Stockholm in heavy fog 45 miles south of Nantucket Island. The Andrea Doria sank the next day; 46 passengers aboard the Andrea Doria and 5 crewmen of the Stockholm perished.



Boxing
World light heavyweight champion Archie Moore (159-20-8) scored a technical knockout of British Empire heavyweight champion James J. Parker (29-6-4) of Toronto at 2:02 of the 9th round of a heavyweight bout before 19,832 fans at Maple Leaf Stadium in Toronto, earning Mr. Moore Canadian recognition as world heavyweight champion. The title had been officially vacant since the retirement of champion Rocky Marciano three months earlier.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Juanita Banana--Luis Aguilé (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): More Than Yesterday--Gregory and the Cadets

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Hanky Panky--Tommy James and the Shondells
2 The Pied Piper--Crispian St. Peters
3 Little Girl--Syndicate of Sound
4 Land of Milk and Honey--The Vogues
5 Please Tell Me Why--The Dave Clark Five
6 Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra
7 Pretty Flamingo--Manfred Mann
8 Along Comes Mary--The Association
9 I Saw Her Again--The Mamas and the Papas
10 Popsicle--Jan and Dean

Singles entering the chart were Summer in the City by the Lovin' Spoonful (#66); I Couldn't Live Without Your Love by Petula Clark (#77); You You You by Mel Carter (#78); Almost Persuaded by David Houston (#80); The Joker Went Wild by Brian Hyland (#85); Wouldn't it Be Nice by the Beach Boys (#86); 5 D (Fifth Dimension) by the Byrds (#87); Sunny Afternoon by the Kinks (#89); Bus Stop by the Hollies (#93); Livin' Above Your Head by Jay & the Americans (#94); Whatcha Gonna Do About It by the Modbeats (#95); Sunshine Superman by Donovan (#96); Alfie by Cilla Black (#98); I Guess I'll Always Love You by the Isley Brothers (#99); and Petticoat White (Sumer Sky Blue) by Bobby Vinton (#100).

Politics and government
Lieutenant General Suharto was named Chairman of the Presidium in a new cabinet in Indonesia.

40 years ago
1976


Space
The U.S. probe Viking 1 took the famous "face on Mars" photograph.

Olympics
In his first international competition, Edwin Moses of the United States set a world record of 47.64 seconds in the 400-metre men's hurdles as he won the gold medal at the Montreal Olympics.

Jim Montgomery of the United States became the first swimmer in history to crack the 50-second barrier in the 100-metre men's freestyle as he won the gold medal at the Montreal Olympics in 49.99 seconds.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Vincente Minnelli, 83
. U.S. movie director. Mr. Minnelli was best known for directing musicals, and won the Academy Award as Best Director for Gigi (1958). His other movies included Meet Me in St. Louis (1944); An American in Paris (1951); and The Band Wagon (1953). He was married to Judy Garland from 1945-1951, and the two were the parents of actress Liza Minnelli.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (4-1) 36 @ Hamilton (1-4) 21

25 years ago
1991


Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-2) 16 @ Toronto (3-0) 30
Edmonton (2-1) 36 @ British Columbia (2-1) 37

Eskimos' kicker Ray Macoritti missed 2 field goal attempts in the last minute, enabling the Lions to escape with a victory at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (2nd week at #1)

World events
In a military coup in Burundi, Pierre Buyoya, a Tutsi, deposed President Sylvestre Ntibantunganya, a Hutu.

Business
Toronto-based publisher Coach House Press announced that it would cease operations, blaming Ontario government cutbacks. It reopened in 1997 with a focus on electronic editions.

Olympics
Canadian swimmer Curtis Myden won his second bronze medal of the Atlanta Olympics, in the 200-metre men's individual medley.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (3-2) 34 @ Ottawa (1-4) 18

Danny McManus completed 17 of 36 passes for 406 yards and touchdowns of 27 yards to Eddie Brown and 16 yards to Shalon Baker as the Eskimos defeated the Rough Riders at Frank Clair Stadium. Eric Blount rushed 8 yards for the other Edmonton TD, while Frank Jagas, in his fifth and last game as an Eskimo, added 3 converts, 4 field goals, and a single. Mr. Brown caught 4 passes for 159 yards, while teammate Marc Tobert caught 4 for 128--including a 60-yard gain--for the first 100-yard game of his CFL career. Edmonton defensive back Darian Hagan had a 73-yard interception return.

Sunday, July 24, 2016

July 24, 2016

170 years ago
1846


Communications
The first Canadian demonstration of the electric telegraph took place at Toronto city hall.

150 years ago
1866


Americana
Tennessee became the first Confederate state to be readmitted to the Union following the American Civil War.

130 years ago
1886


Baseball
Adonis Terry pitched a no-hitter for the Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers as they edged the St. Louis Browns 1-0 in an American Association game in Brooklyn.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
John D. MacDonald
. U.S. author. Mr. MacDonald was known for crime and suspense novels, especially those set in Florida and involving the character Travis McGee. Mr. MacDonald died on December 28, 1986 at the age of 70.

Scandal
The trial began in Winnipeg for former Manitoba Premier Rodmond Roblin and his ministers, charged with fraud.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Willis Hawley, 77
. U.S. politician. Mr. Hawley, a Republican, represented Oregon's 1st District in the United States House of Representatives from 1907-1933. He was best known as the co-sponsor of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff of 1930.

War
The U.S.S.R. claimed that the 5th German Infantry Division had been destroyed at Smolensk. The British government announced that three million more men must register for the armed forces or war work. U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson accused Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) with sending cards to soldiers urging them to write to President Franklin D. Roosevelt "against our entry into the European war." Mr. Stimson added that this action "comes very near the line of subversive activities...if not treason."

Japanese warships and transports were reported off Carn Rahn Bay in French Indochina.

Ecuador claimed that one of her military officers had seen more than 3,000 Japanese officers and soldiers in the Peruvian front line as border fighting between Ecuador and Peru continued.

Diplomacy
Argentina approved the Havana Convention of 1940.

World events
The Bolivian government dismissed Major Elias Belmonte Pabon, military attache to Germany, for allegedly plotting with Germany against Bolivia.

Defense
U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson asked the Senate to declare an emergency and authorize the President to extend indefinitely military service terms. U.S. President Roosevelt hinted that the United States may stop shipping oil to Japan in view of "what looks like an act of aggression."

Business
Merrill Lynch, E.A. Pierce & Cassett and Fenner & Beane, the two largest brokers on the New York Stock Exchange, announced that they would merge.

Labour
A wildcat strike of 700 workers took place at the Aluminium Company of Canada's plant at Arvida, Quebec; 4,500 workers walked out the following day.

U.S. Office of Production Management Associate Director Dr. Sidney Hillman announced that the American Federation of Labor building trades unions had agreed not to strike defense projects.

70 years ago
1946


War
Chinese Communist released seven U.S. Marines who had been seized in Manchuria on July 13.

Terrorism
A British White Paper accused Haganah, Irgun Zvai Leumi, and the Stern Gang of planned sabotage in Palestine under the direction of the Jewish Agency.

Labour
General Electric signed a contract with the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Electrical, Radio and Machine workers providing for an 18 1/2c hourly wage increase; improved job security; vacations; and higher starting pay for 100,000 workers.

Science
Dow Chemical Company President Willard Dow received the 1946 Chemistry Industry Medal from the Society of the Chemical Industry.

60 years ago
1956


Politics and government
U.S. Senate Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson (Democrat--Texas) defeated efforts by Senate civil rights advocates to deprive the Senate Judiciary Committee of jurisdiction over a bill establishing a special civil rights division in the Justice Department.

Business
Greyhound Bus Corp. announced plans to file a "multi-million dollar" suit against General Motors over mechanical defects found in 570 of its 1,000 Scenicruiser buses.

Disasters
Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi of Iran proclaimed a national emergency as flooding in central and southern Iran claimed 300 lives and left thousands of people homeless.

50 years ago
1966


Died on this date
Tony Lema, 32
. U.S. golfer. "Champagne Tony" won 12 tournaments on the Professional Golfers Association tour and 10 professional tournaments elsewhere, but was best known for winning the 1964 British Open. He tied for 34th place in the 1966 PGA Championship in Akron, Ohio, and then chartered a small plane to go to Illinois. The plane ran out of fuel and crashed near Lansing, Illinois, killing Mr. Lema, his wife Betty, 30, pilot Doris Mullen, and co-pilot Dr. George Bard.

Golf
Al Geiberger won the PGA Championship at Firestone Country Club South Course in Akron, Ohio with an even-par score of 280, 4 strokes ahead of Dudley Wysong. First prize money was $25,000.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Non si puo' morire dentro--Gianni Bella (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Show Me the Way--Peter Frampton

#1 single in the U.K.: Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Kiss and Say Goodbye--The Manhattans

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Kiss and Say Goodbye--The Manhattans (2nd week at #1)
2 Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band
3 Love is Alive--Gary Wright
4 Moonlight Feels Right--Starbuck
5 Let Her In--John Travolta
6 Got to Get You Into My Life--The Beatles
7 I'll Be Good to You--The Brothers Johnson
8 More, More, More (Part 1)--Andrea True Connection
9 You're My Best Friend--Queen
10 The Boys are Back in Town--Thin Lizzy

Singles entering the chart were Still the One by Orleans (#76); Wake Up Susan by the Spinners (#91); I'm Your Man Rock 'N' Roll by Tarney and Spencer (#92); Honey Child by Bad Company (#93); Out of the Darkness by David Crosby and Graham Nash (#94); You to Me are Everything by Real Thing (#97); (The System Of) Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether by Alan Parsons Project (#99); and Did You Boogie (With Your Baby) by Flash Cadillac and the Continental Kids (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Never Gonna Fall in Love Again--Eric Carmen
2 Afternoon Delight--Starland Vocal Band
3 You're My Best Friend--Queen
4 More, More, More (Part 1)--Andrea True Connection
5 Moonlight Feels Right--Starbuck
6 Misty Blue--Dorothy Moore
7 Got to Get You Into My Life--The Beatles
8 Love is Alive--Gary Wright
9 Let Her In--John Travolta
10 Take the Money and Run--Steve Miller Band

Singles entering the chart were (Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty by K.C. and the Sunshine Band (#86); Two for the Show by Trooper (#90); The Queen by Nanette Workman (#93); I'd Really Love to See You Tonight by England Dan and John Ford Coley (#94); Movin' by Brass Construction (#95); Tryin' to Get the Feelin' Again by Brussel Sprout (#96); Summer by War (#97); Wham Bang Shang-A-Lang by Silver (#98); Lowdown by Boz Scaggs (#99); and Springtime Mama by Henry Gross (#100).

Health
An American Legion convention concluded in Philadelphia. Within weeks, 179 people had fallen ill and 29 had died of what became known as Legionnaires' disease.

Olympics
John Naber, a 20-year-old student at the University of Southern California, won his fourth and final gold medal of the Montreal Olympics when he became the first swimmer to break the two-minute barrier in the 200-metre backstroke. His time was 1 minute 59.19 seconds.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CKRA)
1 Invisible Touch--Genesis
2 Holding Back the Years--Simply Red
3 Sledgehammer--Peter Gabriel
4 Whose Johnny?--El DeBarge
5 Love Touch--Rod Stewart
6 No One is to Blame--Howard Jones
7 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera
8 Your Wildest Dreams--The Moody Blues
9 There'll Be Sad Songs (To Make You Cry)--Billy Ocean
10 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna

Died on this date
Fritz Albert Lipmann, 87
. German-born U.S. biochemist. Dr. Lipmann began his career in Germany, but fled to the United States in 1939. He was awarded a share of the 1953 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his discovery of co-enzyme A and its importance for intermediary metabolism."

Football
CFL
Montreal (1-3) 29 @ Ottawa (2-3) 28
Calgary (2-3) 20 @ Winnipeg (2-2) 25

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Senza una donna--Zucchero featuring Paul Young (6th week at #1)

Crime
Québec police found over 270 barrels of hashish floating in the St. Lawrence River, after smugglers tried to transfer the drugs from a tug onto life rafts; over 25 people from Vermont, Holland, and the Philippines were later arrested.

Oddities
Brian Hunter, just called up to the Atlanta Braves from the team's International League affiliate in Richmond, hit a home run in the Braves' 7-4 loss to the Pittsburgh Pirates before 26,508 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Meanwhile, the Richmond Braves were finishing a suspended game against the Pawtucket Red Sox. Mr. Hunter had hit a home run for Richmond before the game had been suspended, giving him home runs for the Richmond Braves and Atlanta Braves on the same day.

Baseball
Jose Oquendo singled home Felix Jose with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 4-3 win over the Houston Astros before 29,182 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored a run in each of the last 2 innings to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 before 36,127 fans at Dodger Stadium.

Football
CFL
Calgary (3-0) 42 @ Ottawa (0-3) 28

This was the third and final regular season game for Ottawa fullback Bart Hull. The son of Hockey Hall of Famer Bobby Hull and brother of Hockey Hall of Famer Brett Hull suffered a knee injury that ended his season, and he failed to make it onto a CFL roster in subsequent attempts.

20 years ago
1996


Olympics
Canadian swimmer Marianne Limpert won a silver medal in the 200-metre individual medley at the Atlanta Olympics.

Scandal
Dallas Cowboys' receiver Michael Irvin was suspended for the first five games of the 1996 season by National Football League Commissioner Paul Tagliabue after pleading no contest to a charge of cocaine possession.

Saturday, July 23, 2016

July 23, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Alla!

125 years ago
1891


Transportation
The Canadian Pacific Railway took over operation of the Calgary and Edmonton Railway.

100 years ago
1916


Died on this date
William Ramsay, 63
. U.K. chemist. Sir William discovered the noble gases, and was awarded the 1904 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air." He died of nasal cancer.

90 years ago
1926


Movies
Fox Film bought the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound onto film.

80 years ago
1936


Politics and government
The Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia was founded in Spain through the merger of Socialist and Communist parties.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
George Lyman Kittredge, 81
. U.S. literary scholar. Professor Kittredge was known for his editions of the works of William Shakespeare and his studies of American folklore, especially folksongs.

José Quiñones Gonzales, 27. Peruvian military aviator. Lieutenant Quiñones was a pilot in the Peruvian Air Force whose plane was hit by ground fire during a bombing raid against Ecuadorian forces during the Ecuadorian-Peruvian War. Instead of parachuting to safety, he crashed his plane onto the Ecuadorian position and put the battery out of action, earning him status as a Peruvian national hero.

War
Peruvian and Ecuadorian trops clashed between Huaquillas and Matalpo in the disputed border zone.

The Canadian House of Commons passed Bill 80 by 141-45, sanctioning Prime Minister Mackenzie King's promise not to bring in conscription for overseas service; conscription still becames obligatory in Canada under the act.

Defense
The Vichy French government agreed to the establishment of Japanese military bases in Indochina to "protect" that possession against British, Chinese, and Free French forces.

U.S. Army General George Marshall told the Senate Military Affairs Committee that efforts by "countless outside sources" and "politicians" to get draftees to protest to Congress against the proposed extension of their service was "sabotage of the most dangerous character."

Economics and finance
U.S. Office of Production Management Director General William Knudsen, Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers of America President R.J. Thomas, and Michigan Governor Murray Van Wagoner said that an immediate 50% cur in auto production would throw thousands out of work.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
James Maxton, 61
. U.K. politician. Mr. Maxton represented the Scottish riding of Glasgow Bridgeton in the Housde of Commons from 1922 until his death. Mr. Maxton was with the Labour Party until the Independent Labour Party broke away from the main party in 1932; Mr. Maxton led the ILP for the rest of his life.

Diplomacy
U.S. Commerce Secretary Henry Wallace wrote an unpublicized letter to President Harry Truman, urging a shift in American foreign policy to avert a war with the U.S.S.R. Among the changes Mr. Wallace advocated were U.S. destruction of its atomic bombs and recognition of the Soviet Union's right to maintain "friendly" regimes in states along in its borders. In a note to the U.S.S.R., the U.S. State Department accused the Soviets of stripping Hungary of food and industrial materials.

Politics and government
Paraguayan President Higinio Morinigo accepted the resignation of his entire cabinet after reaching a power-sharing agreement with the recently-legalized Colorado and Febrerista parties.

World events
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration sources estimated that 16 million people in the Chinese provinces of Kwangsi and southern Hunan were victims of "acute starvation."

Economics and finance
U.S. President Truman reluctantly signed a bill providing for government stockpiling of stategic and critical materials, but condemned its "buy American" clause.

James Caffrey was named head of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

Scandal
Former U.S. Congressman Ambrose Kennedy was convicted by the United States Civil Service Commission of violating the Hatch Act by taking part in political campaigns in 1943 and 1944 while employed by the Maryland Unemployment Compensation Board. Mr. Kennedy represented Maryland's 4th District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1932-1941.

Medicine
Biologist F.L. Vanderplank announced a method of preventing sleeping sickness by disturbing the tsetse fly's sex life.

60 years ago
1956


Diplomacy
Japan and the Philippines resumed diplomatic relations, following Philippine ratification of the 1951 San Francisco peace treaty and a separate agreement by Japan to pay the Philippines $800 million in reparations.

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden said that the United Kingdom would adopt a more flexible policy toward the U.S.S.R. in view of the fact that there had been "an essential change in the international outlook in the past two years."

Economics and finance
The World Bank announced that its $200-million loan offer for Egypt's Aswan High Dam project was contingent on the U.S. and U.K. grants, and "automatically expired" when they were withdrawn.

Law
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate a bill, sponsored by the administration of President Dwight Eisehower, establishing a special Justice Department division to deal with denials of civil rights.

Health
The U.S. Public Health Service reported that fluoridation of drinking water had resulted in a "striking reduction" of tooth decay among children tested during a 10-year survey in Grand Rapids, Michigan.

Swimming
John Jearmey became the first male to swim across Lake Ontario.

Baseball
Former Washington Nationals and Boston Red Sox shortstop Joe Cronin and former Detroit Tigers and Pittsburgh Pirates first baseman Hank Greenberg were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ton Nom--Salvatore Adamo (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Tema--I Giganti (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Paperback Writer--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sunny Afternoon--The Kinks (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Out of Time--Chris Farlowe

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hanky Panky--Tommy James and the Shondells (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Wild Thing--The Troggs
2 Hanky Panky--Tommy James and the Shondells
3 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Dusty Springfield
4 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
5 The Pied Piper--Crispian St. Peters
6 Paperback Writer--The Beatles
7 I Saw Her Again--The Mamas and the Papas
8 Little Girl--Syndicate of Sound
9 Along Comes Mary--The Association
10 Red Rubber Ball--The Cyrkle

Singles entering the chart were They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha-Haaa! by Napoleon XIV (#20); Distant Shores by Chad and Jeremy (#68); Almost Persuaded by David Houston (#69); A Million and One by Dean Martin (#70); I Guess I'll Always Love You by the Isley Brothers (#71); Your Good Thing (Is About to End) by Mable John (#73); A Million and One by Vic Dana (#75); Bus Stop by the Hollies (#79); Too Soon to Know by Roy Orbison (#80); Just Yesterday by Al Martino (#81); The Philly Freeze by Alvin Cash and the Registers (#83); Without a Song (Part 1) by James Cleveland and the Cleveland Singers (#85); World of Fantasy by the Five Stairsteps (#87); Sunshine Superman by Donovan (#88); Born a Woman by Sandy Posey (#89); Petticoat White (Summer Sky Blue) by Bobby Vinton (#90); Bring Back the Time by B.J. Thomas (#92); In the Basement (Part 1) by Etta James and Sugar Pie DeSanto (#93); Working in the Coal Mine by Lee Dorsey (#96); Guantanamera by the Sandpipers (#97); Make Me Belong to You by Barbara Lewis (#99); Cradle of Love by Ronnie and Robyn (#100); and Angelica by Barry Mann (also #100).

Died on this date
Montgomery Clift, 45
. U.S. actor. Mr. Clift was one of the first "method" actors to make his mark in Hollywood, although he appeared in only 17 movies. He was nominated for Academy Awards for his starring roles in The Search (1948); A Place in the Sun (1951); and From Here to Eternity (1953), and for his supporting performance in Judgment at Nuremberg (1961). Serious injuries sustained in a car accident in 1956 affected his appearance and career, and contributed to increased dependence on painkillers and alcohol, eventually leading to a fatal heart attack.

Protest
Five days of rioting by Negroes in the Hough area of Cleveland concluded.

South Vietnamese Buddhist leader Thich Thien Hoa decreed an end to suicide by self-immolation, declaring that there had been too many such acts (10 so far in 1966) in South Vietnam.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto 7 @ Edmonton (1-2) 9

Jim Thomas scored a touchdown and Tommy-Joe Coffey kicked a field goal as the Eskimos edged the Argonauts at Clarke Stadium.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Fernando--ABBA (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Let Your Love Flow--Bellamy Brothers (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Let Your Love Flow--Bellamy Brothers (5th week at #1)

Football
NFL
College All-Star Game @ Soldier Field, Chicago
Pittsburgh Steelers 24 College All-Stars 0

The defending Super Bowl champion Steelers had no difficulty defeating the All-Stars in the 42nd and last College All-Star game. The game was played in a downpour, and heavy winds prompted All-Stars' head coach Ara Parseghian to call time out late in the 3rd quarter. At that point, thousands of fans poured onto the field, even tearing down the goal posts. All attempts to clear the field failed, and the rain was making the field unplayable, so National Football League Commissioner Pete Rozelle ordered the game called. University of Oklahoma running back Joe Washington was named the game's Most Valuable Player. Five months later, the Chicago Tribune, which sponsored the game, announced its permanent cancellation because of higher insurance costs for players and the increasing unwillingness of teams to allow high draft choices to play in the game.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Touch Me (I Want Your Body)--Samantha Fox (3rd week at #1)

Married on this date
Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah Ferguson
. The ceremony took place at Westminster Abbey in London.

Crime
Canadian nurse Susan Nelles was awarded $30,000 after being wrongly accused of murdering four babies at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto in 1981; $10,000 was also paid a to family endowment fund.

25 years ago
1991


Baseball
Nolan Ryan made his 545th consecutive start, surpassing Steve Carlton's major league record, and earned his 308th career major league win as the Texas Rangers edged the Boston Red Sox 5-4 before 40,481 fans at Arlington Stadium. Goose Gossage earned his 308th career save in relief of Mr. Ryan.

Ken Griffey, Jr. hit a grand slam in the 9th inning to insure the Seattle Mariners' 6-1 win over the New York Yankees before 17,293 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Luis Polonia, Dave Winfield, and Gary Gaetti hit home runs for the California Angels as they edged the Baltimore Orioles 5-4 before 25,537 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Winning pitcher Jim Abbott pitched 7 scoreless innings and left with a 5-0 lead, but relief pitcher Mark Eichhorn loaded the bases before being relieved by Brian Harvey, who surrendered a grand slam to Randy Milligan.

Cecil Fielder drove in 5 runs with a pair of home runs as the Detroit Tigers beat the Minnesota Twins 6-3 before 21,976 fans at Tiger Stadium.

The Oakland Athletics broke a 6-6 tie with 4 runs--the last 3 unearned--in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Cleveland Indians 10-7 before 26,191 fans at Cleveland Stadium.

Joey Cora singled home Ron Karkovice with none out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Chicago White Sox a 3-2 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 34,779 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Todd Benzinger hit a grand slam and singled home another run as the Kansas City Royals edged the Milwaukee Brewers 8-7 before 23,169 fans at Royals Stadium. The Royals led 8-1 after 6 innings, but the Brewers scored 3 runs in the 7th inning and 3 in the 9th and had the potential tying run on second base before Franklin Stubbs grounded out to end the game.

Andre Dawson had 2 hits and drove in a run, but was ejected by home plate umpire Joe West in the 7th inning after being called out on strikes, precipitating a lengthy delay, as the Chicago Cubs beat the Cincinnati Reds 8-5 before 34,458 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Mr. Dawson appeared to bump Mr. West, and Chicago manager Jim Essian was also ejected. Mr. Dawson then returned to the dugout and heaved about a dozen bats onto the field, which then was followed by fans throwing trash onto the field. In the bottom of the 8th inning, Cincinnati relief pitcher Rob Dibble, who was just returning from a suspension, was ejected by Mr. West after throwing the ball at Chicago batter Doug Dascenzo on a sacrifice bunt. Chris Sabo hit 2 home runs for the Reds.



Lenny Webster singled home Juan Samuel with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Los Angeles Dodgers a 6-5 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 48,925 fans at Dodger Stadium.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 11th inning, Thomas Howard singled, Darrin Jackson drew a base on balls, and Bip Roberts singled home Mr. Howard with the winning run as the San Diego Padres edged the Montreal Expos 2-1 before 14,007 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. Starting pitchers Dennis Martinez of Montreal and Andy Benes of San Diego each allowed just 1 earned run in 8 innings.

20 years ago
1996


Crime
Ontario Provincial Police officer Kenneth Deane was charged with criminal negligence causing death in the shooting of Ipperwash protester Dudley George on September 6, 1995. Mr. George was the first Canadian Aboriginal in modern times killed in a land dispute with the government.

Technology
A survey showed that 29% of Canadian adults had already used the Internet.

Science
Canadian researchers found the hormone GLP-2, that stimulates growth of the lining of the small intestine.

Olympics
Performing on a badly sprained ankle in the Atlanta Olympics, Kerri Strug of the United Staes painfully landed her second vault and fell into the arms of coach Bela Karolyi, having scored 9.712 points in the routine. It was enough to win a team gold medal for the United States women gymnasts.

10 years ago
2006


Golf
Tiger Woods won the British Open at Royal Liverpool Golf Club in Merseyside, England with an 18-under-par score of 270, 2 strokes ahead of Chris DeMarco. It was the third British Open win for Mr. Woods. First prize money was £720,000.