Saturday, 20 January 2018

January 20, 2018

230 years ago
1788


Australiana
The third and main part of the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay.

175 years ago
1843


Politics and government
Honório Hermeto Carneiro Leão, Marquis of Paraná became President of the Council of Ministers of Brazil. By selecting his own cabinet, he became the de facto first Prime Minister of Brazil.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Juan García Esquivel
. Mexican musician. Mr. Esquivel was a pianist, bandleader, and composer, and a leading figure in the genre known as exotica. He was nicknamed "The King of Space Age Pop," composing scores for television programs, and releasing numerous albums in the 1950s and '60s, including pioneering efforts in stereo recording. Mr. Esquivel died on January 3, 2002, 17 days before his 84th birthday.

75 years ago
1943


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rick Evans!
Mr. Evans and Denny Zager comprised the musical duo Zager and Evans, whose single In the Year 2525 was one of the biggest hits of 1969.

War
Germany's daytime bombardment of the Sandhurst Road School killed 41 schoolchildren, ranging in age from 6 to 14 years old, along with six teachers. The school was located in the London suburb of Catford, and the German Luftwaffe bombers arrived with little warning. U.K. troops took Homs and Tarhuna in the Battle off Zuwarah in their drive on Tripoli, while the German Afrika Korps was evacuating Tripoli by sea and land.

Diplomacy
Germany, Italy, and Japan signed a pact pledging economic, financial, and technical cooperation. Chilean President Juan Antonio Rios signed a decree breaking diplomatic relations with Germany, Italy, and Japan, the day after the Chilean Senate voted 30-10 to approve President Rios's decision to sever relations, leaving Argentina as the only Western Hemisphere nation maintaining relations with the Axis. Philippine President Manuel Quezon announced his government's adherence to the United Nations declaration invalidating property seizures by the Axis in occupied countries.

Politics and government
Marcel Peyrouton assumed the office of Governor General of Algeria, and maintained that anti-Jewish laws and liberation of political prisoners were matters for the high commissariat.

Supporters of Venezuelan President Isaias Medina Angarita won a majority in congressional elections.

Edward J. Flynn, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's nominee as Minister to Australia, denied charges made by Senator Styles Bridges (Republican--New Hampshire) at an open hearing of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, saying that he had appointed gangster Dutch Schultz as a special deputy sheriff under the name of Arthur Flegenheimer before knowing of Mr. Schultz's criminal record.

Economics and finance
Prentiss Brown replaced Leon Henderson as U.S. Price Administrator and said that a slow price rise was inevitable.

Medicine
The Journal of the American Medical Association reported that Drs. Robert Hingson and Waldo Edwards of the Marine Hospital, Staten Island, New York had evolved a new painless childbirth technique called "continuous caudal analgesia."

70 years ago
1948


World events
17 Romanian Peasant Party officials were convicted in Bucharest of sedition and were sentenced to prison terms of up to 10 years.

War
The United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 39, establishing a three-member commission to mediate the Indian-Pakistani conflict in Kashmir.

Politics and government
Mackenzie King announced his upcoming retirement as Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Liberal Party.

Society
Delegates to an Anti-Saloon League convention in Pittsburgh voted to change the organization's name to Temperance League of America.

Weather
A severe cold wave began to lift after gripping the United States for five days and causing 21 reported deaths.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): #1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): At the Hop--Danny and the Juniors (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1); April Love--Pat Boone (Disc Jockey--6th week at #1)

War
Japan and Indonesia signed treaties in Jakarta ending their 16-year state of war and providing for $233 million worth of Japanese reparations over a 12-year period.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. Foreign Ministry informed West Germany that 21 German scientists and technicians had been released from Soviet laboratories in Sukhumi and would be permitted to leave for West Germany with 33 dependents.

World events
3,000 Dutch evacuees from Indonesia arrived in Holland by ship.

Economics and finance
Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Pakistan signed a convention in Ankara providing for coordination of Baghdad Pact members' customs services to combat smuggling and contraband trade in the area.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower submitted his annual Economic Report to Congress, noting in an accomanying letter that 1957 was a "prosperous" year "despite a decline in the closing months."

Law
A U.S. Federal Court of Appeals in San Francisco ordered the dismissal of charges against seven Hawaiian and four Seattle Communists convicted in 1953 of conspiracy under the Smith Act.

Disasters
Reports from Algiers said that flooding in eastern Algeria had caused 42 deaths.

Sport
World middleweight boxing champion Carmen Basilio was in Rochester, New York to receive the Hitchcock award as the "Professional Athlete of the Year" in the United States for 1957.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)--Johnny Farnham

#1 single in France: La Dernière Valse--Mireille Mathieu (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): L'ora dell'amore--I Camaleonti (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Der letzte Walzer--Peter Alexander

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hello Goodbye--The Beatles (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 World--The Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)
2 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
3 2000 Light Years from Home/She's a Rainbow--The Rolling Stones
4 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
5 Magical Mystery Tour--The Beatles
6 A Walk in the Sky--Flower Pot Men
7 Little Bird--Tielman Brothers
8 Dear Eloise--The Hollies
9 Nights in White Satin--The Moody Blues
10 Susannah's Still Alive--Dave Davies

Singles entering the chart were Mien Waar Is M'n Feestneus? by Toon (#26); Judy In Disguise (With Glasses) by John Fred and his Playboy Band (#30); 'k Hoop Dat Jij Eens Wacht Op Mij! by De Heikrekels (#35); and Am I that Easy to Forget by Engelbert Humperdinck (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Chain of Fools--Aretha Franklin
2 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
3 Woman, Woman--The Union Gap
4 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Gladys Knight and the Pips
5 Bend Me, Shape Me--The American Breed
6 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
7 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
8 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
9 Susan--The Buckinghams
10 Summer Rain--Johnny Rivers

Singles entering the chart were Words by the Bee Gees (#67); Strawberry Shortcake by Jay and the Techniques (#68); Do Unto Me by James & Bobby Purify (#72); Malayisha by Miriam Makeba (#73); (Theme From) Valley of the Dolls by Dionne Warwick (#81); There was a Time by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#85); I was Made to Love Her by King Curtis and the Kingpins (#87); There Is by the Dells (#88); Hey Little One by Glen Campbell (#89); It's Not Easy by the Will-O-Bees (#94); Do What You Gotta Do by Al Wilson (#95); Never Ever by Peter and Gordon (#96); Without Love (There is Nothing) by Oscar Toney, Jr. (#97); It's a Gas by the Hombres (#98); Cold Feet by Albert King (#99); and Let the Heartaches Begin by Long John Baldry (#100). (Theme From) Valley of the Dolls was from the movie.


Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Next Plane to London--The Rose Garden
2 Woman, Woman--The Union Gap
3 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
4 Chain of Fools--Aretha Franklin
5 Baby, Now that I've Found You--The Foundations
6 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
7 It's Wonderful--The Young Rascals
8 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
9 Who Will Answer?--Ed Ames
10 Bend Me, Shape Me--The American Breed

Singles entering the chart were I Can Take or Leave Your Loving by Herman's Hermits (#59); Sunshine of Your Love by Cream (#61); Words by the Bee Gees (#74); Strawberry Shortcake by Jay and the Techniques (#79); The Good, the Bad and the Ugly by Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus (#83); Do Unto Me by James & Bobby Purify (#86); Just Dropped In by the First Edition (#87); If the Whole World Stopped Lovin' by Val Doonican (#89); Born Free by the Hesitations (#91); To Each his Own by Frankie Laine (#95); Quicksand by the Youngbloods (#97); Cross My Heart by Billy Stewart (#98); Without Love (There is Nothing) by Oscar Toney, Jr. (#99); and A Working Man's Prayer by Arthur Prysock (#100). The Good, the Bad and the Ugly was a version of the title theme of the movie.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
2 Home from the Forest--Ronnie Hawkins
3 I Wonder What She's Doing Tonite--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart
4 Love Me Two Times--The Doors
5 She's a Rainbow--The Rolling Stones
6 Woman, Woman--The Union Gap
7 Tomorrow--Strawberry Alarm Clock
8 Money--The Lovin' Spoonful
9 Who Will Answer?--Ed Ames
10 Spooky--The Classics IV

Singles entering the chart were I Wish it Would Rain by the Temptations (#23); Nobody But Me by the Human Beinz (#24); We Can Fly by the Cowsills (#25); 1941 by Tom Northcott (#27); And Get Away by the Esquires (#28); Darlin' by the Beach Boys (#29); and Skinny Legs and All by Joe Tex (#30).

Died on this date
Robert Shankland, 80
. U.K.-born Canadian military officer. Lieutenant Shankland, a native of Scotland who moved to Canada in 1910, won the Victoria Cross at the World War I Battle of Passchendaele in 1917, and was one of three VC winners who lived on Pine Street in Winnipeg--which was renamed Valour Road in their honour. Mr. Shankland was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel during World War II; after the war, he became the secretary of a securities firm in Vancouver.

Basketball
NCAA
California at Los Angeles 69 @ Houston 71

Elvin Hayes--to shouts of "E! E! E!"--scored 39 points to lead the second-ranked Cougars over Lew Alcindor and the #1-ranked Bruins in the nationally-televised "Game of the Century" before 52,693 fans at the Astrodome.



40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Remember Elvis Presley--Danny Mirror (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Mull of Kintyre--Wings (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Belfast--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

On the radio
CBS Radio Mystery Theater
Tonight's episode: The Enchanted Child, starring Teri Keane and Ralph Bell
http://otrrlibrary.org/OTRRLib/Library%20Files/C%20Series/CBS%20Radio%20Mystery%20Theater/cbsrmt_0768_the_enchanted_child.mp3

A boy influences events around him in an increasingly terrifying way. I remember this as a very scary show; the plot has similarities to the Twilight Zone episode It's a Good Life.

Law
David Marston, a U.S. attorney in Philadelphia, was fired by Attorney General Griffin Bell. Mr. Marston, a Republican who had been investigating Pennsylvania Democratic Representatives Daniel Flood and Joshua Eilberg--who had been charged with corruption--called his ouster "purely political."

Weather
Blizzards struck the eastern United States from Washington, D.C. to New England, burying the New York region under 13 inches of snow and up to 20 inches in some suburbs, forcing businesses to close and stranding hundreds of motorists on highways. At least 13 people died from heart attacks as a result of the storm. The National Weather Service had predicted a 3-inch snowfall.

Hockey
WHA
Birmingham 5 Edmonton 3

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Audrey Hepburn, 63
. Belgian-born U.K. actress. One of the most popular stars of the 1950s and '60s, Miss Hepburn won the Academy Award for Best Actress for Roman Holiday (1953). Her other movies included Sabrina (1954); Funny Face (1957); Love in the Afternoon (1957); The Nun's Story (1959); Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961); Charade (1963); My Fair Lady (1964); How to Steal a Million (1966); Wait Until Dark (1967); and Robin and Marian (1976).

Politics and government
Bill Clinton was inaugurated into his first term as the 42nd President of the United States of America.



10 years ago
2008


Figure Skating
The 2008 Canadian Championhsips concluded at Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver.

Football
NFL
AFC Championship
San Diego 12 @ New England 21



NFC Championship
New York Giants 23 @ Green Bay 20 (OT)

Thursday, 18 January 2018

January 19, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Inese!

230 years ago
1788


Australiana
The second group of ships of the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay.

175 years ago
1843


Academia
Mount Allison Wesleyan Academy--now Mount Allison University--opened in Sackville, New Brunswick as a boys' school; it was named to honour Sackville merchant Charles Allison, who promoted the project and donated land and money.

130 years ago
1888


Politics and government
Thomas Greenway was sworn in as Premier of Manitoba, succeeding David Harrison. Mr. Greenway, a Liberal, had been asked by Lieutenant Governor James Cox Aikins to form a government after Mr. Harrison, the Conservative Party leader, had been unable to secure a majority in the Legislative Assembly.

125 years ago
1893


Theatre
The Master Builder by Henrik Ibsen received its premiere performance at the Lessing Theatre in Berlin.

75 years ago
1943


War
After three days of attacks, British and Greek destroyers sank 13 Axis ships in the central Mediterranean Sea. U.S.S.R. forces captured Urazova and Valuiki, 80 miles east of Karkov, in their offensive below Voronezh. U.K. forces moved to within 40 miles of Tripoli, while Royal Air Force and U.S. planes bombed retreating German Afrika Korps forces.

Politics and government
General H.H. Giraud appointed Marcel Peyrouton as Governor General of Algeria.

The Democratic Party caucus in the U.S. House of Representatives refused to confirm Rep. Vito Marcantonio (American Labor Party--New York) for membership on the Judiciary Committee. The U.S. administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the appointment of Robert Johnson as director of the Smaller War Plants Corporation and as vice chairman of the War Production Board.

Labour
U.S. President Roosevelt ordered striking anthracite coal miners to return to work in 48 hours or, he said, the federal government would take the necessary measures for the safety of the nation.

70 years ago
1948


Defense
The U.S. National Council Against Conscription heard physicist Albert Einstein and 20 other prominent figures denounce plans for universal military training.

Politics and government
Japan's Socialist Party re-elected Prime Minister Tetsu Katayama as its chairman, but voted for greater emphasis on socialist programs in the government.

The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to President Harry Truman a Senate-approved measure giving legal authority to a permanent State Department international information and cultural program.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Fred Oyama, a U.S. citizen of Japanese descent, owned land in California purchased by his Japanese father, despite the state's Alien Land Law.

Academia
Oklahoma's Board of Regents established a Negro School of Law, with three teachers, in Oklahoma City to comply with the recent U.S. Supreme Court order demanding equal education for Negro students. The plaintiff in the case, Mrs. Ada Fisher, said she would not attend the school.

Economics and finance
A Franco-Italian commission meeting in Paris recommended that the two countries form a customs union.

Disasters
The Chilean steamship Cautín sank in the Imperial River, drowning 150 passengers.

Football
NFL
The Chicago Bears signed Notre Dame quarterback Johnny Lujack, winner of the 1947 Heisman Trophy as the outstanding college player in the United States. The Bears also signed Mr. Lujack's Notre Dame teammate, tackle George Connor.

60 years ago
1958


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Sylvia, starring Ann Todd, John McIntire, and Philip Reed

Exploration
Vivian Fuchs, leader of the 12-man British Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition travelling by snow tractor and sled from Ellsworth Station, Antarctica, reached the South Pole. His team met Sir Edmund Hillary, whose New Zealand team had reached the pole 17 days earlier.

Diplomacy
Japan released 69 Koreans under the terms of an accord with South Korea for mutual repatriation.

Politics and government
General Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes, head of Guatemala's National Democratic Reconciliation Party (PRDN), won a plurality in the presidential election, but failed to achieve the 51% majority necessary for election. In congressional elections, the PRDN won 40 of 66 seats.

Turkish Defense Minister Shemi Ergin resigned, and was replaced by Public Works Minister Ethem Menderes.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Hello Goodbye--The Beatles

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Bottle of Wine--The Fireballs
2 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
3 Dear Eloise--The Hollies
4 Jezebel--The Witness Inc.
5 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
6 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
7 Next Plane to London--The Rose Garden
8 Different Drum--Stone Poneys
9 Monterey--Eric Burdon & the Animals
10 Woman, Woman--The Union Gap
Pick hit of the Week: New Orleans--Neil Diamond
New this week: Sunday Mornin'--Spanky and Our Gang
Quicksand--The Youngbloods
My What a Shame--Dino, Desi, and Billy
You--Marvin Gaye
And Get Away--The Esquires

Died on this date
Ray Harroun, 89
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Harroun participated in 60 American Automobile Association Contest Board races from 1905-1911, winning 19. He won the 200-mile Wheeler-Schebler Trophy Race at Indianapolis Motor Speedway in 1910, but was best known for winning the first Indianapolis 500 in 1911, with an average speed of 74.6 miles per hour. It took him about 6 hours and 42 minutes to complete the race, driving a Marmon of his own design. In those days, race cars carried a mechanic seated behind the driver, but Mr. Harroun's Marmon replaced the mechanic with a rear-view mirror. Mr. Harroun had retired after winning the AAA championship in 1910, but came out of retirement for this race. He died a week after his 89th birthday.

Diplomacy
Colombia and the U.S.S.R. resumed diplomatic relations; Colombia had broken relations in 1948.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
James at 15, starring Lance Kerwin, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Actions Speak Louder

Politics and government
U.S. President Jimmy Carter delivered his first State of the Union address, in which he called for a $25 billion tax cut, Senate ratification of the Panama Canal treaties, creation of a federal department of education, and a strong energy bill.



Law
U.S. Attorney General Griffin Bell announced the nomination of U.S. appellate judge William Webster as director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Judge Webster, a Republican, had sat on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit since 1971. Mr. Bell announced that the FBI director would be directly responsible to him and not to the President.

Journalism
Hal Walker, retiring after 12 years as sports editor of The Calgary Herald, published his last column. He came to Calgary in 1966 after many years in Toronto. He was particularly known for his coverage of the Canadian Football League.

Baseball
Eddie Mathews, who hit 512 home runs in a 17-year major league career, was the only player elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in the 1978 vote of the Baseball Writers Association of America. Mr. Mathews was the only man to play for the Boston, Milwaukee, and Atlanta Braves. The third baseman played in the World Series of 1957 and 1958 (the Braves won in 1957), and finished his career as a backup with the Detroit Tigers' World Series championship team of 1968. Mr. Mathews' best season was probably 1953, the Braves' first season in Milwaukee. He led the National League in home runs with 47, with 135 runs batted in (second in the NL), 110 runs scored, and 99 bases on balls (fourth in the league). He batted .302 that year, and his slugging percentage of .627 was second best in the NL. Mr. Mathews also led the National League in home runs in 1959 with 46.

30 years ago
1988


Literature
Christopher Nolan of Dublin, who typed with the aid of a stick strapped to his head because of cerebral palsy, won the Whitbread Book of the Year award for his autobiography Under the Clock.

25 years ago
1993


Diplomacy
Czech Republic and Slovakia joined the United Nations.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Carl Perkins, 65
. U.S. musician. Mr. Perkins was one of the pioneers of rock and roll in the mid-1950s, part of the stable of artists assembled by Sam Phillips for his Sun label in Memphis, Tennessee. His biggest hit was Blue Suede Shoes, which hit #2 in the U.S. in the spring of 1956, spending 17 weeks in the top 40. The song was quickly covered by Elvis Presley, who took it to #20. Mr. Perkins' career was interrupted shortly after when he was seriously injured in a car accident. Several of his songs were performed by the Beatles, usually with Ringo (Honey Don't; Matchbox) or George (Everybody's Trying to Be My Baby) on lead vocal. In 1986 the surviving Sun records alumni--Mr. Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash, and Roy Orbison--came together to record the album Class of '55. Although Mr. Perkins' song Birth of Rock and Roll didn't achieve chart success as a single, the album was highly regarded. In addition to his status as an elder statesman of rock and roll, Mr. Perkins became known in later years for his ridiculously obvious toupee.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Don Wittman, 71
. Canadian sportscaster. Mr. Wittman, a native of Herbert, Saskatchewan, worked for many years with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in Winnipeg. Beginning in 1961, he called play-by-play for CBC telecasts of Canadian Football League games in the West, and added Hockey Night in Canada play-by-play to his resume when the Winnipeg Jets joined the National Hockey League in 1979. Mr. Wittman was CBC's lead announcer for curling from 1961-1968 and 1983-2006, and covered international sports events, including the Olympic Games. He was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in the media category in 1990, and the Canadian curling Hall of Fame in 2003. Mr. Wittman died of cancer.

Suzanne Pleshette, 70. U.S. actress. Miss Pleshette appeared in movies such as The Birds (1963), but as best known for playing Emily Hartley, the wife of Bob Newhart's character in the television comedy series The Bob Newhart Show (1972-1978), for which she was nominated twice for Emmy Awards. Miss Pleshette was a longtime smoker, and died 12 days before her 71st birthday after battles with lung cancer and pneumonia.

John Stewart, 68. U.S. musician. Mr. Stewart was a singer-songwriter who was a member of the Kingston Trio from 1961-1967 before embarking on a solo career. He wrote the song Daydream Believer, which was a major hit for the Monkees in 1967. Mr. Stewart achieved critical success as a solo artist, but commercial success eluded him until 1979, when the album Bombs Away Dream Babies, which included the top-5 single Gold, sold well. Mr. Stewart continued to perform until his death from a brain aneurysm, several months after being diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease.

Wednesday, 17 January 2018

January 18, 2018

240 years ago
1778


Exploration
English Captain James Cook became the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, which he named the "Sandwich Islands."

230 years ago
1788


Australiana
The First Fleet, carrying a load of sheep and 736 convicts, arrived in Botany Bay.

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
Kantarō Suzuki
. Prime Minister of Japan, 1945. Admiral Suzuki began serving in the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1888. He opposed Japan's war against the United States before and during World War II, and took office as Prime Minister on April 7, 1945. He contributed to the final peace negotiations with the Allies and survived two assassination attempts on August 15, resigning as Prime Minister two days later. Admiral Suzuki died of natural causes on April 17, 1948 at the age of 80.

90 years ago
1928

World events

In London, Wilfred Francis McCartney, of British birth, and George Hansen, a German, were each found guilty of espionage on behalf of the U.S.S.R. and sentenced to ten years in prison.

80 years ago
1938


Disasters
Fire destroyed the Collège du Sacré-Coeur in Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec; 47 people were killed, including 5 nuns and 42 students.

75 years ago
1943


War
The U.S.S.R. announced that Soviet forces broken the long Nazi siege of Leningrad with the recapture of Schlusselburg, 25 miles to the east on Lake Ladoga. An estimated 500 U.K. Royal Air Force planes attacked Berlin, leaving large fires raging. Australian troops took Sanananda Village, Sanananda Poin, Cape Killerton, and Wye Point on New Guinea.

Abominations
The Nazis resumed deportation of Jews from Warsaw to the death camp at Treblinka, Poland, inciting the beginning of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

Politics and government
The U.S. Democratic National Committee elected Postmaster General Frank Walker to succeed Edward Flynn as its chairman. The U.S. Senate confirmed Prentiss Brown to succeed Leon Henderson as head of the Office of Price Administration.

Business
The U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the conviction of the American Medical Association and the Medical Society of the District of Columbia on charges of conspiring to block the operation of the Washington medical co-operative Group Health Inc.

Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Federal Wage Hour Law did not affect warehousemen and wholesalers who sold and distributed products entirely in one state.

Claiming that its mediation efforts had failed, the U.S. National War Labor Board turned the anthracite coal miners' strike over to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode:  The Lucky Shilling

Died on this date
Joseph Freeman, 50
. U.S. accused criminal. Mr. Freeman, a co-defendant in the munitions fraud case involving Congressman Andrew May and munitions manufacturers Murray and Henry Garsson, died of a heart attack in Los Angeles.

Literature
The New York Herald Tribune reported House Divided by Ben Ames Williams as the best-selling fiction book, and Inside U.S.A. by John Gunther as the best-selling non-fiction book.

Space
Czech astronomer Antonin Mrkos discovered a new comet, which was to bear his name.

Politics and government
The Committee of One Thousand, whose membership included scientist Albert Einstein, poet Archibald MacLeish, and politician Rexford Tugwell, established headquarters in Washington, D.C. to work for abolition of the U.S. House of Representatives committee on Un-American Activities.

Progressive Citizens of America ended a two-day conference in Chicago by establishing committees to create a third party supporting the 1948 U.S. presidetntial candidacy of former U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace.

Protest
Indian Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi ended a five-day fast in New Delhi when Hindu, Muslim, and Sikh leaders promised to guarantee peace among their followers.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Diana--Paul Anka (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Wo meine Sonne scheint--Caterina Valente (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Only You (And You Alone)--The Platters (10th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Great Balls of Fire--Jerry Lee Lewis

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 At the Hop--Danny and the Juniors (3rd week at #1)
2 Peggy Sue--Buddy Holly
3 Great Balls of Fire--Jerry Lee Lewis
4 Raunchy--Bill Justis and his Orchestra
--Ernie Freeman
5 April Love--Pat Boone
6 Waitin' in School--Ricky Nelson
7 The Stroll--The Diamonds
8 You Send Me--Sam Cooke
9 Kisses Sweeter than Wine--Jimmie Rodgers
10 Stood Up--Ricky Nelson

Singles entering the chart were Get a Job by the Silhouettes (#25); Witchcraft (#31)/Tell Her You Love Her (#56) by Frank Sinatra; The Swingin' Shepherd Blues, with versions by the Moe Koffman Quartette, and the Johnny Pate Quintet (#38); Angel Smile (#39)/Back in My Arms (#60) by Nat "King" Cole; Yellow Dog Blues by Joe Darensbourg and the Dixie Flyers (#41); Catch a Falling Star by Perry Como (#45); You are My Destiny by Paul Anka (#46); Bertha Lou by Clint Miller (#49); and 26 Miles (Santa Catalina) by the Four Preps (#54).

War
French warships halted a Yugoslavian freighter off Oran and seized 150 tons of Czech arms from its cargo to keep them from falling into the hands of Algerian nationalists.

World events
Spanish Interior Minister Camilo Alonso Vega announced the arrest of 44 suspects for conspiracy to organize a general strike against dictator Generalissimo Francisco Franco and to revive the Spanish Communist Party.

Protest
200 Lumbee Indians chased 50 Ku Klux Klan members off a field near Maxton, North Carolina on which the Klan planned to hold a rally.

Hockey
NHL
Boston 3 @ Montreal 0

Willie O'Ree, playing on a line with Don McKenney and Gerry Toppazzini, became the first Negro player to appear in a National Hockey League game when he played for the Bruins in their win over the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum. After playing the next night, Mr. O'Ree returned to the minors before playing 43 games with the Bruins in 1960-61, scoring 4 goals and 10 assists (he was pointless in his earlier 2 games).

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Love You Tokyo--Los Primos (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Daydream Believer--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Bert Wheeler, 72
. U.S. comedian and actor. Mr. Wheeler and Robert Woolsey comprised the comedy team Wheeler & Woolsey. Their movies, such as Rio Rita (1929); Half Shot at Sunrise (1930); Diplomaniacs (1933); Hips, Hips, Hooray! (1934); and Kentucky Kernels (1934) were credited with saving the RKO studio from bankruptcy in the 1930s. Their film So This is Africa (1933) was one of the first movies released under the Production Code, and gave the censors more problems than any other Hollywood movie of the time. The teaming of Wheeler & Woolsey ended with the death of Robert Woolsey from kidney disease in 1938.

Defense
The U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. submitted to the United Nations Disarmament Committee a revised draft of a treaty designed to halt the spread of nuclear weapons. The new draft included an article providing for international inspection and control systems.

Protest
U.S. First Lady Lady Bird Johnson hosted a White House luncheon for 50 white and Negro men and women to discuss her husband President Lyndon Johnson's proposals for fighting crime in the streets. Singer and actress Eartha Kitt told Mrs. Johnson that Negro youths were rebelling because her husband's administration was sending them to be killed in the Vietnam War. Mrs. Johnson, through tears, replied, "Because there is a war on--and I pray that there will be a just and honest peace--that still doesn't give us a free ticket not to try to work for better things such as against crime in the streets, better education, and better health for our people."

Disasters
A 750-foot television tower under construction collapsed in Chacabuco, Argentina, killing seven people.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Mull of Kintyre--Wings (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Carl Betz, 56
. U.S. actor. Mr. Betz was known for his roles in the television series The Donna Reed Show (1958-1966) and Judd for the Defense (1967-1969), winning an Emmy Award for his work on the latter series. He died of lung cancer.

Diplomacy
President Anwar Sadat recalled the Egyptian delegation from peace talks in Jerusalem because, he reportedly told U.S. President Jimmy Carter, Israel was seeking "land and not peace."

Law
The European Court of Human Rights found the United Kingdom's government guilty of mistreating prisoners in Northern Ireland, but not guilty of torture.

Disasters
The $1.4 million roof of the Hartford Civic Center, home of the World Hockey Association's New England Whalers, caved in under 4.8 inches of wet snow. The building was empty and there were no injuries, although 5,000 people had been at a basketball game there just 6 hours earlier. The Whalers were forced to move their home games to Springfield, Massachusetts until the roof was repaired. According to the official report, design deficiencies caused the collapse.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Faith--George Michael

Transportation
Prince Edward Islanders voted 59.4% in favour of a bridge or tunnel connecting them to the Canadian mainland; the Confederation Bridge opened on May 31, 1997.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Would I Lie to You?--Charles & Eddie

Americana
The Martin Luther King, Jr. holiday was observed in all 50 states for the first time.

20 years ago
1998


Hockey
NHL
All-Star Game @ Rogers Arena, Vancouver
North America 8 World 7

Mark Messier of the Vancouver Canucks scored 4 minutes into the 3rd period, which proved to be the winner as North America edged the World before 18,422 fans. Teemu Selanne of the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim scored 3 goals for the World, and was named the game's Most Valuable Player.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Lois Nettleton, 80
. U.S. actress. Miss Nettleton was best known for her many appearances on television in a career spanning more than 50 years. She won two Emmy Awards, and was nominated for Emmy Awards on three other occasions.

Georgia Frontiere, 80. U.S. businesswoman. Mrs. Frontiere, born Violet Frances Irwin, was married seven times, most notably to Carroll Rosenbloom, owner of the Baltimore Colts and later the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League. When he died, she inherited majority ownership of the franchise, and remained active as the team's owner for the rest of her life, moving the franchise to St. Louis in 1995. She was married to composer Dominic Frontiere from 1980-1988.

January 17, 2018

225 years ago
1793


World events
Two days after France's National Convention had voted to convict deposed King Louis XVI of treason and one day after voting in favour of his execution, 380 deputies voted in favour of Louis' immediate execution while 310 requested mercy.

130 years ago
1888


Died on this date
Big Bear, 62
. Canadian Indian chief. Big Bear, whose Indian name was Mistahi-maskwa, was a Cree chief in the part of the Northwest Territories that's now in Saskatchewan. He objected to signing Treaty 6 with the Canadian government, and led his people against the Blackfoot Confederacy in the Battle of the Belly River in 1870. When white people were killed in the Frog Lake Massacre in 1885, Big Bear was convicted of treason, despite evidence that seemed to support his innocence. He was released because of failing health after serving two years of a three-year prison sentence, and died soon after.

125 years ago
1893


Died on this date
Rutherford B. Hayes, 70
. 19th President of the United States of America, 1877-1881. Mr. Hayes, a Republican, represented Ohio's 2nd District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1865-1867, and was Governor of Ohio from 1868-1872 and 1876-1877. He became President after one of the most contentious elections in American history. Democratic Party candidate Samuel Tilden won the majority of the popular vote in 1976 and 184 electoral votes, one short of a majority, with 20 electoral votes in dispute. An electoral commission examined the issue, and on March 2, 1877, two days before the inauguration, voted 8-7 along party lines to give all the votes to Mr. Hayes, giving him a 185-184 win. As President, Mr. Hayes ended the policy of Reconstruction in the South; initiated civil service reform; and became the first sitting President to travel west of the Rocky Mountains. He declined to run for a second term, and died from the effects of a heart attack.

Abominations
The Citizens' Committee of Public Safety, a group of American sugar planters led by Lorrin A. Thurston, overthrew Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii and established a provincial government with Sanford Ballard Dole as President (see also here).

Politics and government
The New York State Legislature elected Democratic Party candidate Edward Murphy, Jr. to represent the state in the United States Senate. Mr. Murphy received 73 votes in the State Assembly and 17 in the Senate, while incumbent Frank Hiscock, the Republican Party candidate, received 52 votes in the State Assembly and 12 in the Senate. Whitelaw Reid received 1 vote in the Senate as a Republican. The election was necessitated because Mr. Hiscock's term was due to expire on March 3, 1893.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Keith Joseph
. U.K. politician. Sir Keith, a Conservative, represented Leeds North East in the House of Commons from 1956-1987, and held various cabinet posts, including Secretary of State for Education and Science in the government of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher from 1981-1986. He was created Baron Joseph in 1987, and sat in the House of Lords until his death on December 10, 1994 at the age of 76.

George M. Leader. U.S. politician. Mr. Leader, a Democrat, represented the 28th District in the Pennsylvania Senate from 1951-1954, and was Governor of Pennsylvania from 1955-1959. He died on May 9, 2013 at the age of 95.

War
The first serious battles took place between the Red Guards and the White Guard in the Finnish Civil War.

75 years ago
1943


War
German bombers raided the greater London area in reprisal for the previous night's Royal Air Force raid on Berlin,the first such RAF raid since November 7, 1941. Soviet forces recaptured the railroad junction of Millerovo on the Rostov-Moscow line, 130 miles north of Rostov. U.S. forces claimed to have killed 1,032 Japanese on Guadalcanal since January 13. The Greek submarine Papanikolis captured the 200-ton sailing vessel Agios Stefanos and manned her with part of her crew.

Defense
The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier Cowpens was launched at Camden New Jersey, the sixth since U.S. entry into World War II on December 7, 1941.

Oil
Eugene Houdry announced an adiabiatic catalytic refining process to procure aviation gasoline from heavy naphtha.

Baseball
The New York Baseball Writers named Boston Red Sox' left fielder Ted Williams as the player of the year for 1942. Mr. Williams won the American League triple crown, leading the league in batting average (.356); home runs (36); and runs batted in (137). He also led the AL in runs (141); bases on balls (145); and slugging average (.648) in 150 games.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Ballerina--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ballerina--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)
--Buddy Clark
--Bing Crosby with the Rhythmaires
2 Too Fat Polka (I Don’t Want Her) (You Can Have Her) (She’s Too Fat for Me)--Arthur Godfrey
3 Civilization (Bongo, Bongo, Bongo)--Danny Kaye and the Andrews Sisters
--Louis Prima and his Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
--Ray McKinley and his Orchestra
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
4 How Soon (Will I Be Seeing You)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Jack Owens
--Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro
--Dinah Shore
5 You Do--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro
--Margaret Whiting
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
6 Near You--Francis Craig and his Orchestra
--Larry Green and his Orchestra
--The Andrews Sisters
--Alvino Rey and his Orchestra
--Elliot Lawrence and his Orchestra
7 Serenade of the Bells--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Jo Stafford
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
8 Golden Earrings--Peggy Lee
9 I'll Dance at Your Wedding--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Peggy Lee
10 Pass That Peace Pipe--Margaret Whiting
--Beryl Davis

Singles entering the chart were I Can't Give You Anything But Love by Rose Murphy (#21); I'm My Own Grandpaw by Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (#27); In a Little Book Shop by Dianh Shore (#28); The Dream Peddler by Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (#33); and The Best Things in Life are Free, with versions by Dinah Shore with the Four Hits, and the Ink Spots (#35). The version of The Best Things in Life are Free by Dinah Shore with the Four Hits was the other side of At the Candlelight Cafe, charting at #30.

War
The Renville Agreement between the Netherlands and Indonesian Republicans was signed by Dutch officials and Indonesian nationalist leaders aboard a U.S. transport ship off the Java coast, recognizing a cease-fire along the "Van Mook Line."

Palestinian Arabs killed 35 Haganah soldiers attempting to reach the Jewish settlement of Kfar Etzion south of Jerusalem.

Society
Negro American golfers Bill Spiller, Ted Rhodes, and Madison Gunter sued Richmond (Virginia) Golf Club and the Professional Golfers Association for $105,000, charging that they had been barred from a Richmond tournament on racial grounds.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Great Balls of Fire--Jerry Lee Lewis (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: Trapped Pilings

Diplomacy
Hungarian First Deputy Premier Ferenc Munnich assured visiting American newsmen that his government had "no right to interfere" with the U.S. legation in Budapest, and would permit Joseph Cardinal Mindszenty to remain there until he went "to heaven."

Aviation
An experimental Trident jet interceptor built in France reached an altitude of 62,378 feet, a world record for a ground takeoff flight.

Football
The Canadian Football Council, meeting in Winnipeg, changed its name to the Canadian Football League. Winnipeg lawyer G. Sydney Halter was chosen as Commissioner.

Baseball
The Los Angeles Dodgers agreed to play their 1958 and 1959 home games in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum for a $600,000 rental.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Hello Goodbye--The Beatles (7th week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Hello Goodbye/I Am the Walrus--The Beatles
2 Snoopy's Christmas--The Royal Guardsmen
3 Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)--Johnny Farnham
4 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
5 The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck
6 You've Not Changed--Sandie Shaw
7 The Rain, The Park and Other Things--The Cowsills
8 World/Sir Geoffrey Saved the World--The Bee Gees
9 Cathy Come Home/The Way They Play--The Twilights
10 (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were Let the Heartaches Begin by Long John Baldry (#32); Incense and Peppermints by Strawberry Alarm Clock (#35); Paint It, Black by Chris Farlowe (#38); and Different Drum by the Stone Poneys (#39).

Politics and government
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson delivered his State of the Union address, once again calling upon Congress to enact a 10% income tax surcharge to reduce an estimated $20 billion budget deficit for 1968 to $8 billion for 1969. He also stressed the need for money to attack the problems of decaying cities, unemployment, poverty, and pollution, while continuing to spend $25 billion per year for the war in Vietnam. President Johnson outlined many specific areas where he hoped to see legislation, such as gun control, auto insurance, and hazardous radiation. He reported that the fiscal budget for 1969 was $186 billion.



Disasters
A United States Air Force jet tanker crashed and burned on takeoff in Minot, North Dakota, killing all 13 aboard.

A pile-up of 18 vehicles in fog near Louisville, Kentucky killed 5 people and injured 15.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Echoes of Love

Hockey
WHA
All-Star Game
All-Stars 4 @ Quebec 5

6,143 were in attendance at Le Colisee to see the defending Avco World Trophy champion Nordiques edge the All-Stars. Marc Tardif led the Nordiques with 1 goal and 4 assists, and was named the Nordiques' outstanding player. Mark Howe of the New England Whalers was named the All-Stars' outstanding player.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Faith--George Michael (7th week at #1)

Football
NFL
NFC Championship
Minnesota 10 @ Washington 17

Doug Williams' 7-yard touchdown pass to Gary Clark, converted by Ali Haji-Sheikh with 5:06 remaining in regulation time, broke a 10-10 tie and provided the winning margin for the Redskins as they defeated the Vikings before 55,212 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium. The Vikings drove down to the Redskins' 6-yard line in the final minutes, but Minnesota quarterback Wade Wilson's pass on fourth down was incomplete.



AFC Championship
Cleveland 33 @ Denver 38

The Broncos led 21-3 at halftime before 76,197 fans at Mile High Stadium, but barely held on to win. The Browns, trailing 38-31, appeared headed for the tying touchdown, but Earnest Byner fumbled at the Denver 3-yard line with 1:05 remaining in regulation time, and Denver defensinve back Jeremiah Castille recovered. The Broncos gave up a safety touch with 8 seconds remaining, and the Browns fielded a free kick at their own 24-yard line. Quarterback Bernie Kosar's desperation pass fell incomplete on the last play.



25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Would I Lie to You?--Charles & Eddie

#1 single in Switzerland: I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (8th week at #1)

Football
NFL
AFC Championship
Buffalo 29 @ Miami 10

Steve Christie tied an NFL playoff record for a single game with 5 field goals and the Buffalo defense recovered 3 Miami fumbles and made 2 interceptions and 4 quarterback sacks as the Bills beat the Dolphins before 72,703 fans at Joe Robbie Stadium.



NFC Championship
Dallas 30 @ San Francisco 20

Troy Aikman passed for 322 yards and 2 touchdowns, while Emmitt Smith rushed 24 times for 114 yards, caught 7 passes for 59 yards, and scored 2 touchdowns as the Cowboys defeated the 49ers before 64,920 fans at Candlestick Park. San Francisco quarterback Steve Young passed for 313 yards, but threw 2 interceptions in the 4th quarter.



20 years ago
1998

Scandal

U.S. President Bill Clinton, in a 6-hour session, defended himself under oath (and perjured himself) against accusations of sexual misconduct while he was governor of Arkansas.

Journalism
The Drudge Report became the first news source to break the Bill Clinton–Monica Lewinsky scandal to the public.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Bobby Fischer, 64
. U.S. chess player. Mr. Fischer began playing chess as a child, and became the youngest grandmaster in history at the age of 15, shortly after winning his first of eight U.S. championships. He defeated Boris Spassky of the U.S.S.R. to win the world championship in 1972 in Reykjavik in the most publicized match ever, but was stripped of the title when Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE), the game's governing body, refused to agree to his conditions for a match. Mr. Fischer didn't play another competitive match until 1992, when he defeated Mr. Spassky in a rematch in Belgrade, in defiance of U.S. and United Nations sanctions against Yugoslavia. Mr. Fischer spent his last years as a fugitive, spouting hatred of Jews despite his own Jewish ancestry, finally obtaining Icelandic citizenship. He died of renal failure after refusing medical treatment.

Ernie Holmes, 59. U.S. football player. Mr. Holmes was a defensive tackle with the Pittsburgh Steelers (1971-1977) and New England Patriots (1978), best known as a member of the "Steel Curtain" defense that helped the Steelers win Super Bowls in 1975 and 1976. He was killed in a car accident.

Monday, 15 January 2018

January 16, 2018

225 years ago
1793


World events
In a vote to decide the fate of deposed King Louis XVI, who had been convicted of treason the previous day, 361 deputies of the National Convention voted in favour of Louis' immediate death, 72 voted in favour of the death penalty subject to delaying conditions and reservations, and 288 voted against the death penalty in favour of some other alternative.

125 years ago
1893


Politics and government
The secret ballot was used in a Northwest Territories territorial election for the first time.

110 years ago
1908


Communications
Manitoba Government Telephones began operating, after taking over private lines; it was the first such public utility in North America.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Stirling Silliphant
. U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Silliphant won an Academy Award for his screenplay for In the Heat of the Night (1967), but was better known for his work in television, especially the series Naked City (1958-1959, 1960-1963) (which he created) and Route 66 (1960-1964) (which he co-created). He died on April 26, 1996 at the age of 78.

90 years ago
1928

Diplomacy

U.S. President Calvin Coolidge, speaking at the opening of the sixth Pan American Conference at Havana, declared that the sovereignty of small nations was respected in this hemisphere, and all were on terms of absolute equality. He pleaded for friendship and understanding.

Politics and government
It was reported that the Soviet government, under Josef Stalin, had banished its opponents: Leon Trotsky to Vierny on the China-Turkestan frontier; Leon Kamenev to Pensa; Gregory Zinoviev to Tambov; Christian Rakovsky to Astrakhan; Karl Radek to the Urals, etc.

Aviation
French aviators Dieudonne Costes and Joseph Lebrix, continuing their transatlantic flight, flew from Panama City to Caracas.

80 years ago
1938


Music
Benny Goodman and his Orchestra, with guest stars that included members of the Duke Ellington and Count Basie orchestras, performed at Carnegie Hall in New York in a landmark concert.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): There are Such Things--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra with Frank Sinatra and the Pied Pipers

Theatre
My Sister Eileen closed at the Broadway Theatre on Broadway in New York after 864 performances.

War
Iraq declared war on Germany, Italy, and Japan. The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation seized 18 German enemy aliens in New Jersey and 15 in New York City. U.S. bombers struck at Japanese positions at Kahili on Bougainville Island; Munda on New Georgia Island; and Ballale Island in the Shortland area.

Labour
A walkout of 8,000 anthracite coal miners closed seven more mines in the Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania area.

70 years ago
1948


Diplomacy
Bulgaria and Romania signed a friendship treaty.

Politics and government
New York Governor Thomas Dewey formally entered the 1948 U.S. presidential campaign, announcing through an aide that he would run as the Republican Party candidate "if nominated."

Labour
German unions in Duisburg, Muelheim, and Dinslaken began a 24-hour strike to protest inadequate food rations in the British zone.

60 years ago
1958


Theatre
Two for the Seesaw, directed by Arthur Penn and starring Henry Fonda and Anne Bancroft, opened at the Booth Theatre on Broadway in New York.

War
U.K. and Malayan troops and police launched their largest operation in nine years in an effort to clear Communist guerrillas from Perak in northern Malaya.

Fidel Castro's Cuban guerrillas raided the farming community of Verguita, seizing food and money.

Diplomacy
Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba refused to confer with General Georges Buchalet, special envoy named by French Prime Minister Felix Gaillard to seek an end to Tunisian support for Algerian nationalist guerrillas.

Politics and government
Lester B. Pearson, former Secretary of State for External Affairs, and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 (for his role in resolving the Suez crisis in 1956), was chosen as leader of Canada's federal Liberal party, succeeding Louis St. Laurent, at the party's convention at Ottawa Coliseum. Mr. Pearson defeated former Health and Welfare minister Paul Martin on the first ballot by a margin of 1,074 votes to 305. The Liberals were then in opposition, having resigned the government after losing a narrow plurality to the Progressive Conservatives in the election of June 10, 1957. The evening included a farewell speech from former cabinet minister C.D. Howe, whose political career had ended with his defeat in the 1957 election. Mr. Howe had been in cabinet from 1936-1957, presiding over departments such as transport, munitions and supply, reconstruction, and Trade and commerce. He helped to create Trans-Canada Airlines, ran the nation's war production program, and presided over a successful transition to the post-war economy.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Monja--Roland W. (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Pit



Wojeck, starring John Vernon, on CBC
Tonight's episode: After All, Who's Art Morrison Anyway?

Died on this date
Bob Jones, Sr., 84
. U.S. evangelist. Mr. Jones was one of the most prominent Christian evangelists of the 1910s and '20s. He came down solidly on the side of Fundamentalism in the Fundamentalist-Modernist controversy in the 1920s, which led him to found the non-denominational Bob Jones College in Florida in 1926. The college moved to Cleveland, Tennessee in 1933, and to Greenville, South Carolina in 1947, when it became known as Bob Jones University. Mr. Jones was one of the first evangelists to realize the potential of radio for preaching, and helped to found the National Religious Broadcasters in 1944. He was also known for his conservative social views and his opposition to racial integration. Mr. Jones eventually passed the leadership of his university to his son, Bob Jones, Jr.

John D. Webber, Jr.; Ernest A. Munro. U.S. military officers. Colonel Webber U.S. military advisory group commander, and Commander Munro, U.S. naval section head, were shot to death as they returned to the U.S. embassy in Guatemala City, where they were attaches. Two others were wounded in the attack by Communist Rebel Armed Forces insurgents, which the Rebel Armed Forces insisted, in leaflets distributed throughout the city that day, was in retaliation for the January 12 murder of Rogelia Cruz Martinez, Miss Guatemala of 1950, who was suspected of leftist sympathies.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched its first satellite of the year, Cosmos 199, which was probably intended to be a spy satellite.

World events
Andreas Papandreou, 48, son of former Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou, flew to exile in Paris. He had been freed by Greece's military junta in a general Christmas amnesty.

Defense
As part of a series of moves designed to "make devaluation work," U.K. Prime Minister Harold Wilson announced the complete withdrawal of British troops from the Far East and the Persian Gulf by 1971, and the cancellation of an order of 50 F-111 jets ordered from the United States.

Disasters
Blizzards in Jordan were reported to have killed 13 people, while a storm in Lebanon killed 12 and injured 25.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mull of Kintyre--Wings (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): UFO--Pink Lady (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Credo--Elsa Baeza (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
Christian Democrat Giulio Andreotti resigned as Prime Minister of Italy, ending the country's 18-month-old minority government. Communists, Socialists, and Republicans had demanded a role for the Communists in the government--which the Christian Democrats rejected--and refused to promise continued tacit support for the Christian Democrats by abstaining in votes on government-sponsored legislation.

Football
NFL
Rogers Lehew resigned as vice president and assistant general manager of the Detroit Lions to pursue private business opportunities. Mr. Lehew had spent many year's with the CFL's Calgary Stampeders: chief scout, minor football coordinator, and assistant coach from 1960-1964, then general manager through the 1973 season. His Stampeder teams won western titles in 1968 and 1970, and finally won the Grey Cup in 1971.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: La Bamba--Los Lobos (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): When I Fall in Love--Rick Astley (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): China in Your Hand--T'Pau (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Étienne--Guesch Patti (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Heaven is a Place on Earth--Belinda Carlisle

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Heaven is a Place on Earth--Belinda Carlisle

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Got My Mind Set on You--George Harrison

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Got My Mind Set on You--George Harrison
2 The Way You Make Me Feel--Michael Jackson
3 Need You Tonight--INXS
4 So Emotional--Whitney Houston
5 Faith--George Michael
6 Is This Love--Whitesnake
7 Hazy Shade of Winter--Bangles
8 Candle in the Wind--Elton John
9 Could've Been--Tiffany
10 Tell it to My Heart--Taylor Dayne

Singles entering the chart were Father Figure by George Michael (#50); Just Like Paradise by David Lee Roth (#66); I Get Weak by Belinda Carlisle (#68); Be Still My Beating Heart by Sting (#76); and Wishing Well by Terence Trent D'Arby (#88).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Got My Mind Set on You--George Harrison
2 Faith--George Michael
3 Pop Goes the World--Men Without Hats
4 I Think We're Alone Now--Tiffany
5 Heaven is a Place on Earth--Belinda Carlisle
6 When a Man Loves a Woman--Luba
7 Cherry Bomb--John Cougar Mellencamp
8 Candle in the Wind--Elton John
9 (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes
10 So Emotional--Whitney Houston

Singles entering the chart were Hands Up (Give Me Your Heart) by Sway (#83); I Want to Be Your Man by Roger (#87); She's Like the Wind by Patrick Swayze (#89); I Found Someone by Cher (#92); Honestly by Stryper (#93); and China in Your Hand by T'Pau (#96).

Died on this date
Andrija Artuković, 88
. Austro-Hungarian born Croatian politician and war criminal. Dr. Artuković, a member of the nationalist and fascist Ustaše organization, served in the government of the Independent State of Croatia as Minister of the Interior (1941-1942, 1943); Minister of Justice (1942-1943); and Secretary of State (1943-1945). He was responsible for signing racial laws against Serbs and Jews, and played a major role in the Porajmos, the genocide of the Romani people. Dr. Artuković was also responsible for the death and mistreatment of thousands of people in concentraion camps. He was detained in Austria by the Allies at the end of World War II, but was released, and used a forged passport to eventually make his way to California, where he stayed illegally after his tourist visa expired. An attempt by the Yugoslavian government to extradite Dr. Artuković in 1959 was unsuccessful, but the request was renewed in the 1980s, and Dr. Artuković was arrested in New York in 1984 and extradited to Yugoslavia for trial. He was convicted in 1986 of several mass killing and sentenced to death, but the sentence was not carried out because of Dr. Artuković's age and health. He died of natural causes in a prison hospital.

Ballard Berkeley, 83. Mr. Berkeley, born Ballard Blascheck, was a character actor in numerous British films, radio and television programs, but was best known for playing Major Gowen in the television comedy series Fawlty Towers (1975, 1979).

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Gli Spari Sopra--Vasco Rossi

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Dur dur d'être bébé!--Jordy (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Would I Lie to You?--Charles & Eddie

#1 single in France (SNEP): Dur dur d'être bébé!--Jordy (14th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (8th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (7th week at #1)
2 Rump Shaker--Wreckx-N-Effect
3 If I Ever Fall in Love--Shai
4 In the Still of the Nite--Boyz II Men
5 I'd Die Without You--PM Dawn
6 Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap!
7 Good Enough--Bobby Brown
8 Saving Forever for You--Shanice
9 To Love Somebody--Michael Bolton
10 Real Love--Mary J. Blige

Singles entering the chart were I'm Every Woman by Whitney Houston (#61); Ordinary World by Duran Duran (#63); Understand this Groove by Sound Factory (#68); No Mistakes by Patty Smyth (#72); Informer by Snow (#74); and Dazzey Duks by Duice (#81).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (5th week at #1)
2 To Love Somebody--Michael Bolton
3 Love Can Move Mountains--Celine Dion
4 Faithful--Go West
5 Who's Gonna Ride Your Wild Horses--U2
6 Song Instead of a Kiss--Alannah Myles
7 The Last Song--Elton John
8 Rain Down on Me--Blue Rodeo
9 Never a Time--Genesis
10 Steam--Peter Gabriel

Singles entering the chart were Our World Our Dreams by Alannah Myles (#71); Ordinary World by Duran Duran (#85); I Want (Cool Cool Love) by Corey Hart (#86); With Heaven on Our Side by Foreigner (#87); Fifty Mission Cap by the Tragically Hip (#93); and Closing Time by Leonard Cohen (#94).

Sunday, 14 January 2018

January 15, 2018

525 years ago
1493


Exploration
Christopher Columbus departed Hispaniola for Spain, ending his first journey to the New World.

225 years ago
1793


World events
France's National Convention convicted deposed King Louis XVI of treason. 648 deputies voted to convict, none voted to acquit, and 23 abstained.

200 years ago
1818


Science
A paper by David Brewster was read to the Royal Society in London, belatedly announcing his discovery of what we now call the biaxial class of doubly-refracting crystals. On the same day, Augustin-Jean Fresnel signs a "supplement" (submitted four days later) on reflection of polarized light.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Ivor Novello
. U.K. entertainer. Mr. Novello, born David Ivor Davies, first achieved success as a songwriter, with his most popular composition being Keep the Home Fires Burning (1914). He then achieved success as an actor on stage and in movies such as The Lodger (1927) and Downhill (1927). Mr. Novello returned to writing stage musicals in the 1930s and 1940s, such as Glamorous Night (1935) and Perchance to Dream (1945). He died of a heart attack at the age of 58 on March 6, 1951, hours after completing a performance in King's Rhapsody (1949).

Died on this date
Fanny Kemble, 83
. U.K. actress and writer. Miss Kemble, a member of a famous acting family, had a successful career on stage spanning four decades, and also wrote plays, poems, and non-fiction. She was married to American planter Pierce Butler from 1834-1849, and spent much time in the United States.

110 years ago
1908


Academia
The Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority became the first Greek-letter organization founded and established by Negro American college women.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Gamal Abdel Nasser
. 2nd President of Egypt, 1954-1970. Mr. Nasser was an officer and chief organizer in the military coup that toppled King Faisal from the Egyptian throne in 1952, but installed General Mohammed Naguib as a figurehead president. Mr. Nasser took power himself in 1954, and turned Egypt into a military dictatorship under his control. He embarked on economic reforms and public works projects such as the Aswan High Dam. Egypt’s decisions to accept arms from the U.S.S.R. and to nationalize the Suez Canal alarmed the U.S.A. and U.K., precipitating the Suez crisis of 1956, in which an Anglo-French force swept into Egypt and achieved great success before being called back in the wake of disapproval from the United States. In February 1958, Egypt and Syria combined to form the United Arab Republic, which broke up just over 3½ years later when Syria abandoned the union because Egypt appeared to benefit from the UAR more than Syria. The Six-Day War between Israel and Egypt in June 1967 was another military disaster for Egypt, but Mr. Nasser retained his popularity. He was a charismatic figure who seemed to symbolize the aspirations of Arab peoples. On September 27, 1970 Mr. Nasser achieved a diplomatic success when he convened a meeting in Cairo of Arab nations that produced an end to the Jordanian civil war between King Hussein's troops and Palestinian guerrillas (led by a man hitherto unknown to the west, Yasser Arafat) that had begun 10 days earlier. Mr. Nasser, a diabetic who had suffered a heart attack in late 1969 which had been kept secret, suffered another heart attack on September 28, this one fatal, at the age of 52.

João Figueiredo. 30th President of Brazil, 1979-1985. General Figueiredo was the last President of Brazil to hold the office during the period of military rule following the 1964 coup d'état. He was Chief Minister of the Military Cabinet from 1969-1974 and head of the National Intelligence Service from 1974-1978. Gen. Figueiredo continued the process of redemocratization that his predecessor, General Ernesto Geisel, had pursued, but opposed a direct election for the presidency, in favour of an indirect election by Congress. Opposition candidate Tancredo Neves won the election, and Gen. Figueiredo finished his term and retired. He died on December 24, 1999 at the age of 81.

75 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Eric Knight, 45
. U.K.-born U.S. author. Mr. Knight, a native of England who moved to the United States in 1912, was best known for the novels Lassie Come-Home (1940) and This Above All (1941). He was a major in the United States Army – Special Services, and was one of the 35 people aboard a U.S. Army C-54 transport plane that crashed in Dutch Guiana while en route to the Casablanca Conference of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Jarvis Roosevelt Catoe, 36. U.S. criminal. Mr. Catoe, who strangled 10 women from 1935-1941, was executed in the electric chair in New York for the March 8, 1941 murder of Mrs. Rose Abramowitz.

War
Soviet forces began a counter-offensive at Voronezh, and recaptured 30 more localities--six in the Caucasus, eight in the Northern Donets, and 16 in the Zimovniki areas. U.K. forces in Libya resumed their advance on Tripoli, driving northwestward 40 miles from the Buerat el Hsun-Wadi Zemzem area to the Sedada Bir Tala area. Allied ground forces broke through and destroyed enemy forward positions at Sanananda Point in New Guinea. U.S. planes in the Solomon Islands damaged three Japanese destroyers; set a cargo ship afire; and shot down 30 planes, losing only 7 of their own. The Cuban government announced that 8,000-10,000 people would be drafted for military service by April.

Diplomacy
Nearly 800 Japanese living near Lima, Peru were taken into custody as the first step in a plan to deport 22,000 to the United States for internment. German officials in Buenos Aires asked the Argentine government to provide a safe-conduct return to Germany for Captain Dietrich Niebuhr, attache to the German embassy in Buenos Aires, whom the Argentine government had asked to be recalled.

Defense
Construction on The Pentagon, the world's largest office building, was completed in Arlington County, Virginia after 16 months.

Politics and government
The French National Committee in London invited all Frenchmen except collaborators with the Vichy regime to join them in unity.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board ordered striking coal miners to return to work, and 32 officers of United Mine Workers of America agreed in Washington to advise strikers to end their unofficial walkout.

Disasters
18 U.S. Army officers, 8 civilians, and 9 crew members were killed when a C-54 Army transport plane crashed in a jungle in Dutch Guiana while en route to the Casablanca Conference of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Josephus Daniels, 85
. U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Daniels, a Democrat, edited and published the Raleigh News & Observer from 1894 until his death. He supported the Ku Klux Klan and white supremacy, and played an influential role in an amendment passed by the North Carolina state legislature in 1900 that effectively disenfranchised Negroes. Mr. Daniels later said that he regretted his earlier tactics, and supported measures such as women's suffrage and child labour laws. Mr. Daniels was United States Secretary of the Navy under President Woodrow Wilson from 1913-1921, and implemented prohibition of alcohol aboard Navy vessels; prohibition of prostitution within a five-mile radius of Navy installations; and prohibition of unnecessary work in the Navy on Sundays. Mr. Daniels served as U.S. Ambassador to Mexico from 1933-1941.

War
Arab League headquarters in Cairo announced plans to occupy all of Palestine immediately after British withdrawal.

Defense
The United Kingdom signed a 20-year military agreement with Iraq, allowing British forces to remain in two Iraqi air bases.

Politics and government
Alexander Bittelman, Russian-born national committeeman of the Communist Party USA, was arrested for deportation in Miami.

Law
The U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill revising the Articles of War to permit enlisted men to serve on military courts trying other enlisted men.

Oil
U.S. Interior Secretary Julius Krug conferred with representatives of 24 states complaining of fuel shortages, and called on the nation to reduce its consumption of gasoline and fuel oil by 15% to relieve a "critical" supply situation.

Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King reimposed price ceilings on meat and butter.

Business
A Detroit syndicate led by Lyle Fife bought the Detroit Lions of the National Football League for $200,000.

Labour
The Screen Writers Guild voted to require affidavits from all officials affirming that they were not Communists.

60 years ago
1958


Opera
Vanessa by Samuel Barber, with libretto by Gian-Carlo Menotti, received its world premiere performance at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, with Dimitri Mitropoulos conducting.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Laotian Prime Minister Prince Souvanna Phouma issued a joint communique in Washington, pledging continued U.S. aid to help Laos maintain her independence.

Politics and government
The French cabinet presented the National Assembly with a constitutional reform bill increasing the powers of the president and making overthrow of a cabinet more difficult.

Economics and finance
Members of the Commission for Technical Cooperation in Africa South of the Sahara reached agreement in London on a technical assistance development program for sub-Saharan Africa similar to that begun in Southeast Asia by Columbo Plan nations.

The U.S. Federal Reserve Board reduced the margin requirement for U.S. stock exchange transactions from 70%-50%.

Disasters
Earthquakes centred on the Andean city of Arequina and resultant landslides caused 128 deaths in Peru.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Cállate Niña--Pic-Nic (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Bill Masterton, 29
. Canadian-born U.S. hockey player. Mr. Masterton, a native of Winnipeg, played centre with the University of Denver Pioneers from 1958-61, scoring 66 goals and 130 assists in 89 games. He was an All-American in each of his last two seasons, and led the Pioneers to the NCAA championship in both seasons. Mr. Masterton was signed by the Montreal Canadiens in 1961, and played with the Hull-Ottawa Canadiens of the Eastern Professional Hockey League in 1961-62, scoring 31 goals and 34 assists. He joined the Cleveland Barons of the American Hockey League for the following season, scoring 82 points. Mr. Masterton retired from professional hockey and finished his engineering degree at the University of Denver, and settled in Minneapolis, working for Honeywell Corporation on the financial aspects of Project Apollo, and becoming an American citizen. He regained his amateur status and served as captain of the U.S. National Team in 1966-67, before accepting an offer to join the Minnesota North Stars, one of six expansion teams in the National Hockey League beginning play in 1967-68. Mr. Masterton played his first NHL game on October 11, 1967, scoring the first goal in North Stars' history. As an NHL rookie in 1967-68, Mr. Masterton scored 4 goals and 8 assists in 38 games. On January 13, 1968, the North Stars played the Oakland Seals at Metropolitan Sports Center in Bloomington, Minnesota. Four minutes into the game, Mr. Masterton crossed the Oakland blue line after passing the puck to a teammate, and was hit by Oakland defencemen Larry Cahan and Ron Harris. Like most players at the time, Mr. Masterton was not wearing a helmet, and his head struck the ice hard. He almost immediately lost consciousness, was taken off on a stretcher, and died 30 hours later, becoming the National Hockey League's first (and still only) on-ice fatality. Many years later, the results of the medical examination were publicized, offering the opinion that Mr. Masterton was already suffering from a concussion when he was hit the final time, causing the final hit to produce rapid brain swelling. He had reportedly been complaining about severe headaches in his last days, and Minnesota coach Wren Blair was concerned enough about his condition to want to have him examined by a doctor. The North Stars eventually retired Mr. Masterton's jersey number 19. After the 1967-68 season, the NHL began awarding the Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy, presented to the player who best embodies perseverance, sportsmanship, and dedication to hockey.

Disasters
Earthquakes struck western Sicily, leaving 206 dead and 80,000 homeless.

125-mile-per-hour winds swept Scotland, killing 20 people.

40 years ago
1978


Died on this date
Margaret Bowman, 21; Lisa Levy, 20
. Misses Bowman and Levy were students at Florida State University who were assaulted and strangled in their rooms at Chi Omega sorority house in Tallahassee by serial killer Ted Bundy, who then assaulted Kathy Kleiner and Karen Chandler before going to a basement apartment eight blocks away and assaulting student Cheryl Thomas. The murders were the ones for which Mr. Bundy was eventually executed on January 24, 1989.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XII @ Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans
Dallas 27 Denver 10

In the first Super Bowl to be played indoors, the Cowboys defeated the Broncos before 76,400 fans. Cowboys' quarterback Roger Staubach completed 17 of 25 passes for 183 yards, including a spectacular 45-yard touchdown pass to Butch Johnson. Tony Dorsett rushed 3 yards for another Cowboy touchdown, and Robert Newhouse, on an option pass, connected with Golden Richards for a 29-yard score. Efren Herrera added three converts and two field goals. Rob Lytle rushed 1 yard for the Broncos' lone touchdown, and Jim Turner converted and added a field goal. Former Cowboys' quarterback Craig Morton had a miserable day, completing just 4 of 15 passes for 39 yards and 4 interceptions. Backup Norris Weese wasn't much better: 4 for 10 for 22 yards.



30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Sean MacBride, 83
. Irish politician. Mr. MacBride was Ireland's Minister of External Affairs from 1948-1951. He was a founding member and international chairman of Amnesty International and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1974 and the Lenin Peace Prize for 1975-1976.

25 years ago
1993


Died on this date
Sammy Cahn, 79
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Cahn was nominated 23 times for the Academy Award for best song and won 4 times, for the lyrics to Three Coins in the Fountain (Three Coins in the Fountain, 1954); All the Way (The Joker is Wild, 1957); High Hopes (A Hole in the Head, 1959); and Call Me Irresponsible (Papa's Delicate Condition, 1963).

Crime
Mafia boss Salvatore "The Beast" Riina was arrested in Sicily after three decades as a fugitive.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Gulzarilal Nanda, 99
. Prime Minister of India, 1964, 1966. Mr. Nanda, a member of the Indian National Congress Party, sat in the Lok Sabha from 1957-1973. He was acting Prime Minister from May 27-June 9, 1964, after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, and from January 11-24, 1966, after the death of Lal Shastri.

Junior Wells, 63. U.S. musician. Mr. Wells, born Amos Wells Blakemore, Jr., was a Chicago blues singer and harmonicist who was best known for the song Messing with the Kid (1960) and the album Hoodoo Man Blues (1965) in a performing and recording career that spanned almost 50 years. He died after several years of declining health.

10 years ago
2008


Crime
Europol's Operation Koala arrested nine Canadians in connection with an international pedophile ring.

Business
The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission brought in new regulations to restrict cross-media ownership, to ensure diversity of editorial voices in similar markets.