Friday, April 29, 2016

April 29, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, April Stevens and Ira Zabelina!

925 years ago
1091


War
The combined forces of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I and his Cuman allies defeated an invading force of Pechenegs in the Battle of Levounion in what is now part of Turkey.

100 years ago
1916


War
The British 6th Indian Division surrendered to Ottoman Forces at the Siege of Kut in one of the largest surrenders of British forces to date.

Protest
After six days of fighting, Irish rebel leaders surrendered to British forces in Dublin, bringing the Easter Rising to an end.

90 years ago
1926


Baseball
The Toronto Maple Leafs beat the Reading Keystones 6-5 in an International League game which was the inaugural baseball game at Fleet Street Baseball Stadium, later renamed Maple Leaf Stadium.

80 years ago
1936


Politics and government
E.W. Hamber was named Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

Baseball
Nagoya defeated Daitokyo 8-5 in the first professional game played in Japan.

Both starting pitchers went the distance, with Roy Parmelee winning the duel over Carl Hubbell, as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the New York Giants 2-1 in 17 innings at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored a run in the bottom of the 11th inning to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 10-9 at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

In a 7-3 loss to the Washington Nationals at Griffith Stadium in Washington, the Detroit Tigers lost first baseman Hank Greenberg for the rest of the season when he broke his left wrist in a collision with Washington outfielder Jake Powell. Mr. Powell was largely suspected of deliberately inflicting the injury out of a dislike for Jews.

75 years ago
1941


War
Berlin sources claimed that German troops had reached the southern end of the Peloponnesus peninsula. Reports from Cairo stated that British Imperial troops aided by a furious sandstorm had halted an Axis advance from Libya just inside Egypt. The Japan Times Advertiser published exploratory peace terms to end the present war and establish a new world order with Germany dominating Europe; Germany and Italy controlling Africa; The U.S.A. dominating the Western Hemisphere; Japan ruling Asia; and the British Empire continuing in restricted form. The Mexican government revealed that Italy had seized three Mexican-owned, Italian-built tankers in reprisal for the Mexican seizure of 10 Italian ships.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that he had full authority to send the U.S. Navy on neutrality patrol into any war zone, including that around Britain if he deemed it necessary for the defense of the Western Hemisphere. U.S. Senator Gerald Nye (Republican--North Dakota) introduced a resolution requiring the President to obtain congressional permission before using the Navy to convoy ships to Britain. U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson accepted without comment the resignation of Colonel Charles Lindbergh from the United States Army; Col. Lindbergh was an outspoken opponent of possible U.S. entry into the European war.

Diplomacy
Costa Rica expelled Karl Bayer as the first move of a government campaign to end Nazi propaganda.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister J. L. Ilsley called special taxes "a temporary wartime expedient" in his budget speech to the House of Commons; he warned of a probable $500-million deficit.

U.S. Commerce Secretary Jesse Jones predicted a national debt of at least $90 million.

Medicine
Dr. Ernest Witebsky of the University of Buffalo Medical School reported a new test for diagnosing trichinosis in human beings.

Law
Québec law was reformed to admit women to the Bar (Barreau du Québec).

Baseball
The National League’s Boston team changed its name from Bees back to Braves, the name it had had prior to 1936.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)
--Frank Sinatra
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
2 One-zy, Two-zy (I Love You-zy)--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
3 You Won't Be Satisfied (Until You Break My Heart)--Les Brown and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
4 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
5 Personality--Johnny Mercer
--Bing Crosby
6 Shoo Fly Pie (And Apple Pan Dowdy)--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
7 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
8 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
9 Day by Day--Frank Sinatra
10 Doctor, Lawyer, Indian Chief--Betty Hutton
--Les Brown and his Orchestra

There were no new singles entering the chart.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Waltz of Death

Married on this date
Father Divine
, approximately 65 years of age, married his secretary, Edna Rose Ritchings, 21, in a secret ceremony in Washington, D.C. Father Divine, who claimed to be God, led the International Peace Mission Movement; he claimed that Miss Ritchings was the reincarnation of his first wife, Penniniah, who had died in 1943. The IPMM celebrates the anniversary of the marriage every year on April 29.

War
The International Military Tribunal for the Far East convened and indicted former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders on 55 counts of crimes against peace, "conventional war crimes," and "crimes against humanity." Italian Prime Minister Alcide de Gaspari telegraphed the conference in Paris of the foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France that Italy be heard before any final decision was made on the Italian peace treaty.

Chinese Nationalist leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek rejected U.S. Army General George Marshall's proposal that the Chinese Communists keep the city of Changchun and almost 90% of Manchuria, ending talks between the factions.

Diplomacy
With the U.S.S.R. abstaining, the United Nations Security Council adopted an Australian resolution to investigate whether Spain was a menace to world peace. Former U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt was elected to lead the UN Commission on Human Rights, with Mrs. Bodil Begtrup chairman of the Subcommission on the Status of Women.

Defense
U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes urged the Paris foreign ministers' conference to consider an American proposal for a four-power treaty to keep Germany disarmed for 25 years, but he gained no support from British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin or Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov.

The British government reported that nearly two million soldiers had been demobilized since the end of World War II.

Politics and government
General Manuel Acuna Roxas' election as President of the Philippines was conceded by President Sergio Osmena.

The Argentine Chamber of Deputies met for the first time since it dissolution after the 1943 revolution.

Jouett Ross Todd resigned as treasurer of the U.S. Republican National Committee.

Labour
United Mine Workers of American President John L. Lewis and operators of soft coal mines met in Washington at the request of U.S. Labor Secretary Lewis Schwellenbach as the nation's coal reserves dropped to 31 million tons.

Agriculture
The U.S. Agriculture Department reported that as of April 15, 1946, prices received by farmers were at their highest level since July 1920, and that U.S. corn supplies were 19% above the 1945 level.

60 years ago
1956


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Gentleman from America, starring Biff McGuire, Ralph Clanton, John Irving, and Eric Snowden

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Homeward Bound--Simon & Garfunkel

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Lovedrops--Barry Allen (5th week at #1)
2 Leaning on the Lamp Post--Herman's Hermits
3 Good Lovin'--The Young Rascals
4 Monday, Monday--The Mamas and the Papas
5 Time--The Pozo-Seco Singers
6 Time Won't Let Me--The Outsiders
7 Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)--Cher
8 How Does That Grab You, Darlin'?--Nancy Sinatra
9 Try Too Hard--The Dave Clark Five
10 I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry--B.J. Thomas and the Triumphs
Pick hit of the week: Tie Me Down--Dino, Desi and Billy
New this week: What I Am--Stu Mitchell
Would You Believe It--Baker Knight
Friends and Mirrors--Bobby Russell
I Am a Rock--Simon and Garfunkel

40 years ago
1976


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Islanders 3 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Boston 1 @ Philadelphia 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Reg Leach scored 13:38 into the 1st overtime period to give the Flyers their win over the Bruins before 17,007 fans at the Spectrum. Wayne Stephenson was in goal for the Flyers for the first time in the 1976 playoffs; Bernie Parent played the first 8 games, but was replaced after the Flyers' 4-2 loss to the Bruins in the first game of the semi-finals.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
U.S. Championship Quarter-Finals
New England 6 @ Indianapolis 0 (New England won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Cap Raeder posted his second shutout of the series in goal for the Whalers as they eliminated the Racers at Market Square Arena.

30 years ago
1986


Football
NFL
Mike Schad, an offensive tackle from Queen's University, was chosen by the Los Angeles Rams, becoming the first Canadian player to be selected in the first round of the National Football League draft.

Baseball
Roger Clemens set a major league record for strikeouts by a pitcher in a 9-inning game with 20 as the Boston Red Sox defeated the Seattle Mariners 3-1 before 13,414 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

The New York Yankees scored 9 runs in the 7th inning and withstood a 4-run rally in the 9th as they beat the Minnesota Twins 14-11 before 13,213 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Cincinnati Reds' pitcher Mario Soto tied a dubious major league record by giving up 4 home runs in the same inning--to Andre Dawson, Hubie Brooks, Tim Wallach, and Mike Fitzgerald--as the Expos beat the Reds 7-4 before 13,289 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

25 years ago
1991


On television tonight
Hollywood Detective, on A&E
Tonight's episode: Blind Faith

Sinclair Lewis and Aimee Semple Macpherson appeared as characters in this episode.

Environment
Canadian Environment Minister Jean Charest announced a $100-million program to clean up toxic sites and contaminated waste dumps in the Arctic.

Energy
Denison Mines announced that it would close its uranium plant in Elliot Lake, Ontario, putting 1,000 people out of work. The company blamed high costs and cancellation of the Ontario Hydro supply contract.

Disasters
A cyclone struck the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155 miles per hour (249 kilometres per hour), killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.

The 7.0 Mw Racha earthquake affected Georgia with a maximum MSK intensity of IX (Destructive),killing 270 people.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Montreal 1 @ Boston 2 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-3)

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Fastlove--George Michael (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Ironic--Alanis Morisette (5th week at #1)
2 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
3 Birmingham--Amanda Marshall
4 Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
5 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
6 Lucky Love--Joan Osborne
7 Only Love (The Ballad of...)--Sophie B. Hawkins
8 I Want to Come Over--Melissa Etheridge
9 1979--Smashing Pumpkins
10 Shoe Box--Barenaked Ladies

Singles entering the chart were Can I Get Close? by Gavin Hope (#80); Humans Being by Van Halen (#83); These are the Days by Soul Attorneys (#91); Fall from Grace by Amanda Marshall (#92); Shamaya by Susan Aglukark (#93); Fastlove by George Michael (#94); and Red by Elton John (#96).

Abominations
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien introduced legislation to outlaw discrimination against sodomites and lesbians.

Health
British officials presented formal plans to cull their herds of cattle, and the European Union promised to lift its ban on British beef once the slaughter had been completed. The EU had imposed the ban six days earlier because of concern about mad cow disease.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
John Kenneth Galbraith, 97
. Canadian-born U.S. economist and diplomat. Dr. Galbraith, a native of Iona Station, Ontario, was one of the most famous economists of the 20th century. He taught at Harvard University for half a century, and served in Democratic Party presidential administrations of Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, John F. Kennedy, and Lyndon Johnson. Dr. Galbraith emphasized the market power of large corporations. Among his many books were The Great Crash, 1929 (1955); The Affluent Society (1958); and The Modern Industrial State (1967). Dr. Galbraith served as U.S. Ambassador to India from 1961-1963.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Tampa Bay 2 @ Ottawa 3 (Ottawa won best-of-seven series 4-1)
New Jersey 4 @ New York Rangers 2 (New Jersey won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Edmonton 3 @ Detroit 2 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Anaheim 2 @ Calgary 3 (Calgary led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Martin Havlat scored the winning goal with 4:58 remaining in the 2nd period as the Senators eliminated the Lightning at Scotiabank Place. Dwayne Roloson made 30 saves and Fernando Pisani, Ryan Smith, and Shawn Horcoff scored in the 2nd period as the Oilers held on to edge the Red Wings at Rexall Place. Jarome Iginla scored 2 goals for the second straight game as the Flames edged the Mighty Ducks at Pengrowth Saddledome.

Thursday, April 28, 2016

April 28, 2016

125 years ago
1891


Transportation
RMS Empress of India, carrying 486 passengers and a cargo of tea and silk became the first of the Canadian Pacific Steamships "Empress" liners to arrive at Vancouver harbour, via the Suez Canal and Hong Kong. Canadian Pacific Steamships had signed a contract for subsidized mail service between Britain and Hong Kong via Canada.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Ferruccio Lamborghini
. Italian industrialist. Mr. Lamborghini was best known for creating the sports car firm Automobili Lamborghini in 1963. He died on February 20, 1993 at the age of 76.

80 years ago
1936


Died on this date
Fuad I, 68
. Sultan of Egypt, 1917-1922; King of Egypt, 1922-1936. Fuad I succeeded his elder brother Hussein Kamel on the throne, and changed his title from Sultan to King in 1922, after the United Kingdom recognized Egypt's independence. He was succeeded as King by his son Farouk.

Boxing
Jersey Joe Walcott (13-2) knocked out Joe Colucci (14-22-5) in the 4th round of a heavyweight bout at Convention Hall in Camden, New Jersey.

75 years ago
1941


War
The German advance continued in Greece.

Defense
Famed aviator Charles Lindbergh, an outspoken opponent of potential U.S. entry into the European war, wrote President Franklin D. Roosevelt that in view of Mr. Roosevelt's remarks "concerning my loyalty," he was resigning his commission as a colonel in the Army Air Corps.

Society
In a case brought by U.S. Representative Arthur Mitchell (Democrat--Illinois), the only Negro member of Congress, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that Negroes were entitled to Pullman car accommodation and other first-class services equal to those that white passengers received on passenger trains.

Labour
Operators of soft coal mines in the Southern United States accepted President Roosevelt's request to reopen the mines and continue wage discussions, ending the 28-day Appalachian coal strike of 400,000 miners. The U.S. National Association of Manufacturers condemned strikes as "a major bottleneck" in defense production, claiming that over three million man-days had been lost during the first three months of 1941 as a result of strikes, more than half of them in defense industries.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
François de la Rocque, 60
. French politician. Mr. de la Rocque led the fascist Croix de Feu movement from 1930-1936, and founded and led the more moderate nationalist Parti Social Français from 1936–1940, when he supported Vichy regime leader Marshal Philippe Petain, before turning against the principle of collaboration with the Nazis.

War
Chinese Communist forces seized Tsitsihar, an important Manchurian railway centre.

Diplomacy
Azerbaijani leader Mir Sayid Jafar Pishevari arrived in Tehran to discuss Iranian Prime Minister Ahmad Ghavam Saltaneh's seven-point peace proposal under which the autonomous province of Azerbaijan would return to central government control.

Defense
The U.S. Army-Navy Munitions Board announced plans for a survey of the nation's caverns for underground military and industrial installations in the event of an atomic war.

Protest
More than 4,000 Germans engaged in a four-hour riot after an attack on civilians in Landsberg by Jews from the nearby displaced persons camp.

Economics and finance
The Russell Sage Foundation reported that low interest rates were reducing funds availabe to the nation's 505 social welfare foundations, which had an estimated $1.8 billion in capital assets.

Religion
The Alliance for the Preservation of American Reform Judaism, opposed to Zionism and Jewish nationalism, was formed in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Tiritomba--Margot Eskens (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): The Poor People of Paris--Winifred Atwell (4th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Heartbreak Hotel--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); The Poor People of Paris--Les Baxter, his Chorus and Orchestra (Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Jukebox--3rd week at #1; Top 100--6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Heartbreak Hotel--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
2 Blue Suede Shoes--Carl Perkins
3 Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom)--Perry Como
4 The Poor People of Paris--Les Baxter, his Chorus and Orchestra
5 Why Do Fools Fall in Love--The Teenagers
--Gale Storm
--The Diamonds
6 Rock Island Line--Lonnie Donegan Skiffle Group
7 (You've Got) The Magic Touch--The Platters
8 A Tear Fell--Teresa Brewer
9 Moonglow and Theme from "Picnic"--Morris Stoloff and the Columbia Pictures Orchestra
--George Cates and his Orchestra
10 Long Tall Sally--Little Richard
--Pat Boone

Singles entering the chart were I Want You to Be My Girl by Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers (#31); Corrine Corrina by Joe Turner (#37); The Wayward Wind by Gogi Grant (#43); Too Close fo Comfort by Eydie Gorme (#44); Look Homeward Angel by the Four Esquires (#46); On the Street Where You Live by Vic Damone (#47); and My Little Angel by the Four Lads (#48). On the Street Where You Live was originally from the play My Fair Lady.

On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: On Stage



Died on this date
Fred Marriott, 83
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Marriott set the world land speed record at 127.659 miles per hour (205.5 kilometres per hour) at the Daytona Beach Road Course in 1906 while driving a Stanley Steamer.

50 years ago
1966


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 5 @ Detroit 2 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Los Angeles 93 @ Boston 95 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-3)

The Celtics' win over the Lakers at Boston Garden gave them their eighth straight National Basketball Association title and ninth in the past ten years. It was the last game for Red Auerbach as Boston's coach; he had announced his retirement from coaching prior to the season, and between the first and second games of the finals had announced that center Bill Russell would replace him as coach while continuing to play. Mr. Auerbach lit his victory cigar with 40 seconds left in the game and the Celtics ahead 95-85, but the Lakers rallied for 8 straight points before the Celtics ran out the clock (see video).

40 years ago
1976


Politics and government
The United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence--popularly known as the Church Committee, after its chairman, Sen. Frank Church (Democrat--Idaho)--offered 96 recommendations to stem "illegal or improper" spying on U.S. citizens by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and otehr agencies.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
O'Keefe Cup Finals
Winnipeg 6 @ Calgary 3 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 3-0)

U.S. Championship Quarter-Finals
San Diego 3 @ Houston 2 (Houston led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Basketball
ABA
Semi-Finals
Kentucky 110 @ Denver 133

The Colonels' loss to the Nuggets at McNichols Sports Arena was the last game in their nine-year history.

30 years ago
1986


Disasters
The U.S.S.R. admitted that there had been an accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine.

Defense
The United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Enterprise became the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to transit the Suez Canal, navigating from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea to relieve the USS Coral Sea.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup Playoffs
Division Finals
St. Louis 3 @ Toronto 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Edmonton 5 @ Calgary 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

25 years ago
1991


Died on this date
Ken Curtis, 74
. U.S. actor and singer. Mr. Curtis, born Curtis Gates, sang with the orchestras of Tommy Dorsey and Shep Fields before joining the Sons of the Pioneers from 1949-1953. He was best known for playing Festus Haggen in the television Western series Gunsmoke from 1963-1975.

Economics and finance
Ontario Treasurer Floyd Laughren presented a $52.8-billion spending budget that would triple the provincial deficit to a record $9.7 billion; Mr. Laughren went against the advice of the federal government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

Hockey
IIHF Men’s World Championship
Final
Czechoslovakia 4 Canada 3

NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
St. Louis 2 @ Minnesota 3 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 4-2)
Los Angeles 3 @ Edmonton 4 (OT) (Edmonton won best-of-series 4-2)

Baseball
The Minnesota Twins defeated the Seattle Mariners 8-2 before 18,039 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis as Jack Morris earned his 200th career major league win.

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Lester Sumrall, 83
. U.S. clergyman. Mr. Sumrall was an Assemblies of God pastor who founded World Harvest Radio International in 1968 and World Harvest Television in 1972; he was known as the "Father of Christian television."

Music
This blogger, with enjoyable female company, attended a chamber music performance by members of the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra at the Citadel Theatre's Maclab Theatre.

Crime
Gunman Martin Bryant opened fire on a crowd at a popular tourist site in Port Arthur, Tasmania, killing 35 and wounding 18.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
New York Rangers 5 @ Montreal 3 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Pittsburgh 3 @ Washington 2 (Pittsburgh won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Detroit 4 @ Winnipeg 1 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-2)

The Red Wings eliminated the Jets in the last National Hockey League game ever played at Winnipeg Arena, and the last game played by the Winnipeg Jets before they moved to Phoenix to become the Coyotes for the 1996-97 season.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos scored 7 runs in the 1st inning and 11 in the first 3 innings and went on to beat the Colorado Rockies 21-9 before 48,006 fans at Coors Field in Denver. Montreal shortstop and leadoff hitter Mark Grudzielanek batted 5 for 7 with a double, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in.

The Cleveland Indians scored 6 runs in the 1st inning and 3 in the 2nd as they routed the Toronto Blue Jays 17-3 before 31,143 fans at SkyDome in Toronto.

10 years ago
2006


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Carolina 3 @ Montreal 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Buffalo 4 @ Philadelphia 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Dallas 4 @ Colorado 1 (Colorado led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Wednesday, April 27, 2016

April 27, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rod Crossley!

225 years ago
1791


Born on this date
Samuel Morse
. U.S. artist and inventor. Mr. Morse was a portrait painter before he became famous for inventing the most widely-used version of the telegraph, and co-inventing the Morse code method of telegraphy. He died on April 2, 1872, 25 days before his 81st birthday.

170 years ago
1846


Politics and government
John A. Macdonald (Conservative--Kingston) delivered his maiden speech in the Assembly of the Province of Canada, advocating a repeal of the usury laws.

125 years ago
1891


Politics and government
Frederick Peters was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island, replacing Neil McLeod.

120 years ago
1896


Politics and government
Sir Mackenzie Bowell resigned as Prime Minister of Canada due to cabinet infighting, calling his opponents in the Cabinet "a nest of traitors" when they withdrew support over his handling of the issue of allowing Roman Catholic schools in Manitoba. Sir Mackenzie was unable to deal with religious factions in the Conservative Party, and was succeeded as party leader and Prime Minister by Sir Charles Tupper, who had been recalled from his position as High Commissioner to Great Britain. John Costigan was appointed Minister of Marine; A. R. Angers as President of the Council; and L. O. Taillon as Postmaster-General.

110 years ago
1906


Politics and government
The State Duma of the Russian Empire met for the first time.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Enos Slaughter
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Slaughter played right field with the St. Louis Cardinals (1938-1942, 1946-1953); New York Yankees (1954-1955, 1956-1959); Kansas City Athletics (1955-1956); and Milwaukee Braves (1959), batting .300 with 169 home runs and 1,304 runs batted in in 2,380 games. He played on World Series championship teams in 1942, 1946, 1956, and 1958. Mr. Slaughter was known for his hustling style of play, and scored the winning run in the seventh game of the 1946 World Series from first base on a hit by Harry Walker, racing to home plate after Boston Red Sox' shortstop Johnny Pesky hesitated in throwing the ball. Mr. Slaughter was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985 and died on August 12, 2002 at the age of 86.

80 years ago
1936


Labour
The United Auto Workers (UAW) gained its autonomy from the American Federation of Labor.

75 years ago
1941


War
German troops entered Athens at 9:25 A.M. and hoisted the Nazi flag over the Acropolis; the last British Imperial forces defending the city had withdrawn from the Peloponnesus or evacuated to Egypt or Crete. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in a broadcast from London, hailed the extension of the U.S. neutrality patrol, declaring that now the "eventual defeat of Hitler and Mussolini is certain." He admitted the seriousness of the Allied defeat in Greece, and predicted a German attack on Russia or another country. U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana), adressing 9,000 people at an America First Committee rallly in Chicago, charged that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was preparing the nation for a declaration of war.

Defense
Former U.S. Ambassador to France William C. Bullitt told a United China Relief rally that the United States should aid China and the United Kingdom even at the cost of war.

Radio
General Electric Company announced that 1941-42 radio models would be virtually frozen and that the company's resources for research and development would be turned over to defense production.

Politics and government
The Communist Party of Slovenia, the Slovene Christian Socialists, the left-wing Slovene Sokols (also known as "National Democrats") and a group of progressive intellectuals established the Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation.

Baseball
Stockholders of the Boston Bees agreed to change the team's name back to Braves, the name it had had prior to 1936.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (8th week at #1)

The #2 single was Shoo-Fly Pie and Apple Pan Dowdy; #3 was One-zy, Two-zy (I Love You-zy).

Defense
The foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France agreed at their conference in Paris on a strict limitation of the Italian fleet, with the U.K., U.S.S.R., U.S., Yugoslavia, and Greece sharing in the division of ships exceeding the limit. Icelandic Prime Minister Olafur Thors rejected an American bid for long-term leases of military bases there.

The U.S. Army Air Forces revealed the XB-35 flying wing bomber, with no fuselage, a wing span of 172 feet, and a range of over 10,000 miles.

Politics and government
Italy's strongest party, the Christian Democrats, voted at their congress in Rome in favour of a republic for Italy instead of a monarchy.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Poor People of Paris--Winifred Atwell (3rd week at #1)

Boxing
World heavyweight champion Rocky Marciano announced his retirement at the age of 31 in order to spend more time with his family. Mr. Marciano began his professional career in 1947 and won the title by knocking out Jersey Joe Walcott in 13 rounds on September 23, 1952; he retired with a record of 49-0.

40 years ago
1976


Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger delivered a major policy address in Lusaka, Zambia, opposing white minority rule in Rhodesia and apartheid in South Africa.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Islanders 2 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Boston 4 @ Philadelphia 2 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

WHA
Avco World Trophy
U.S. Championship Quarter-Finals
Indianapolis 5 @ New England 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Houston 2 @ San Diego 3 (Houston led best-of-seven series 3-1)

30 years ago
1986


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup Playoffs
Division Finals
Montreal 0 @ Hartford 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Washington 1 @ New York Rangers 2 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-2)

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Joyride--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Wednesday Moon--Hideaki Tokunaga

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Joyride--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Désenchantée--Mylène Farmer

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Losing My Religion--R.E.M.

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Baby Baby--Amy Grant

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Baby Baby--Amy Grant (2nd week at #1)
2 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
3 Joyride--Roxette
4 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
5 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
6 Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma
7 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
8 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
9 Here We Go--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis
10 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis

Singles entering the chart were Couple Days Off by Huey Lewis and the News (#48) and Power of Love/Love Power by Luther Vandross (#75); Does Anybody Really Fall in Love Anymore? by Kane Roberts (#88); and Backyard by Pebbles (with Salt-N-Pepa) (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
2 Joyride--Roxette
3 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
5 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
6 Mercy Mercy Me/I Want You--Robert Palmer
7 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
8 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
9 Animal Heart--Glass Tiger
10 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.

Singles entering the chart were Couple Days Off by Huey Lewis and the News (#68); Love is a Wonderful Thing by Michael Bolton (#70); Miracle by Whitney Houston (#76); Payin’ the Cost to Be the Boss by Pat Benatar (#81); Unbelievable by EMF (#85); I Touch Myself by Divinyls (#92); and Laying Down the Law by the Law (#94).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Boston 2 @ Montreal 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): How Bizarre--OMC (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Aon Focal Eile--Richie Kavanagh (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (6th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (2nd week at #1)
2 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
3 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
4 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
5 1,2,3,4 (Sumpin' New)--Coolio
6 Doin' It--LL Cool J
7 Woo-Hah!! (Got You All in Check)--Busta Rhymes
8 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
9 You're the One--SWV
10 Count on Me--Whitney Houston and CeCe Winans

Singles entering the chart were You're the One; Chains by Tina Arena (#47); Kissin' You by Total (#48); and I Don't Wanna Be Alone by Shai (#72).

Died on this date
William Colby, 76
. U.S. intelligence officer. Mr. Colby was Director of Central Intelligence from 1973-1976. He was Director during a perios of relative openness and reform of the Central Intelligence Agency. Mr. Colby was replaced by future President George H.W. Bush on January 30, 1976, and retired to a private law practice. He died while on a solo canoe trip near his Maryland home; his body was found face-down on a sandbar on May 6. The death was ruled accidental, with the coroner ruling that Mr. Colby was a good candidate for a heart attack, but there were suspicions of foul play or suicide.

War
Operation Grapes of Wrath, the campaign by the Israeli Defense Forces in Lebanon against Hezbollah terrorists, ended after 16 days.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Philadelphia 6 @ Tampa Bay 1 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Boston 3 @ Florida 4 (Florida won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Toronto 1 @ St. Louis 2 (St. Louis won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Colorado 3 @ Vancouver 2 (Colorado won best-of-seven series 4-2)

10 years ago
2006


Law
The Supreme Court of Canada, in a 4-3 decision, voted to uphold key provisions of the national DNA databank that stores genetic profiles of sexual and dangerous offenders.

Economics and finance
Canada and the United States reached a seven-year agreement on softwood lumber to protect American jobs; Canada would return US$4 billion of the $5 billion in duties collected from Canadian firms.

Americana
Construction began on the 1,776-foot Freedom Tower (later renamed One World Trade Center) on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Ottawa 5 @ Tampa Bay 2 (Ottawa led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Detroit 4 @ Edmonton 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Calgary 2 @ Anaheim 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Nashville 4 @ San Jose 5 (San Jose led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Sean O'Donnell scored 1:36 into the 1st overtime period to give the Mighty Ducks their win over the Flames at Arrowhead Pond; Jarome Inginla scored both Calgary goals early in the 3rd period. Patrick Marleau scored 3 goals for the Sharks as they withstood a late rally by the Predators at HP Pavilion.

Tuesday, April 26, 2016

April 26, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lynn!

130 years ago
1886


Politics and government
Andrew Blair's ministry was re-elected in the New Brunswick provincial election. The election was held before the adoption of party labels; in the 26th New Brunswick Legislative Assembly, 33 of the 41 elected MLAs supported the government, and 8 formed the opposition.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Vic Perrin
. U.S. actor. Mr. Perrin appeared in numerous radio and television programs, but was best known as the "Control Voice" on the television series The Outer Limits (1963-1965). He died of cancer on July 4, 1989 at the age of 73.

Morris West. Australian author. Mr. West was best known for his novels The Devil's Advocate (1959); The Shoes of the Fisherman (1963); and The Clowns of God (1981). He died on October 9, 1999 at the age of 83.

80 years ago
1936


Died on this date
Tammany Young, 49
. U.S. actor. Mr. Young was considered a "good luck" actor, and was often cast in bit parts in plays to bring luck to the productions. He played the stooge to W.C. Fields in six movies. Mr. Young died in his sleep.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Amapola (Pretty Little Poppy)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)

War
German troops took Thebes and advanced southward to within 25 miles of Athens. An Axis advance began south of Solum on the Egyptian-Libyan frontier. British troops occupied Dessye, Ethiopia. A Gallup Poll reported 68% of Americans questioned in a recent survey said they would favour U.S. entrance into the European war if there were no other way to defeat the Axis.

Defense
The Inter-American Economic Advisory Committee, representing the 21 American republics, passed a resolution in Washington stating that they had a right to seize immobilized foreign ships with compensation. U.S. Civil Aeronautics Authority experts demonstrated an automatic loop-antennae direction finder that enabled a pilot to fly on a straight line by tuning in simultaneously on broadcasting stations at two points.

Politics and government
Mohandas Gandhi said in Bombay that his All-India Congress party had dropped demands for the independence of India for the time being and wanted only "freedom of speech and pen."

70 years ago
1946


Music
The Hart House String Quartet gave its final concert at Hart House at the University of Toronto.

War
At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, former Gestapo agent Hans Bernd Gisevius, after implicating most of the Nazi defendants in war crimes, testified that he had been in contact with the U.S. Office of Strategic Services in Switzerland and Germany since 1943. The foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K. and France agreed in Paris on the preamble to the Italian peace treaty and on a committee to discuss Italian reparations.

Defense
A conference of Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador in Caracas agreed on an initial investment of $20 million in a joint merchant marine.

The U.S. Navy revealed development of an aircraft rocket engine which generated 6,000 pounds of thrust but weighed only 210 pounds.

Politics and government
The Allied Control Council in Berlin failed to agree on recognition of the new Socialist Union Party, as requested by the Soviets.

Agriculture
The U.S. Agriculture Department called all loans on the 1945 corn crop as of May 1 in order to stop hoarding.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Sur ma vie--Charles Aznavour (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Edward Arnold, 66
. U.S. actor. Mr. Arnold, born Gunther Edward Arnold Schneider, was a character actor known for playing unscrupulous authority figures. His movies included Diamond Jim (1935); Come and Get It (1936); The Toast of New York (1937); You Can't Take it with You (1938); Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939); and The Devil and Daniel Webster (1941). He died of a cerebral hemorrhage.

Transportation
SS Ideal X, the world's first successful container ship, left Port Newark, New Jersey on its maiden voyage for Houston, Texas.

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Coralee, with guest stars Murray Hamilton and Antoinette Bower

Politics and government
A new government was formed in the Republic of the Congo, led by Ambroise Noumazalaye.

Crime
The Supreme Court of Canada was authorized to review Steven Truscott's 1959 murder conviction and life sentence. Mr. Truscott, 14 years old in 1959, was convicted of the murder of 12-year-old Lynne Harper and had originaly been sentenced to death.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 5 @ Montreal 2 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 115 @ Los Angeles 123 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Fernando--ABBA (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Beautiful Sunday--Daniel Boone (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Fly, Robin, Fly--Silver Convention (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Vi åkbättre da för da--Swedish Alpine Ski Team (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Sidney James, 62
. South African-born U.K. actor. Mr. James, born Solomon Cohen, was a comic actor, known for being part of the cast of the radio and television series Hancock's Half Hour (1954-1960), and as one of the stars of the "Carry On" movies. He also starred in the television comedy series Bless This House (1971-1976). Mr. James was appearing in a revival of the comedy play The Mating Season at the Sunderland Empire Theatre in Sunderland, England when he had a heart attack on stage, and died an hour later.

Politics and government
Vietnam elected its first joint National Assembly in more than 30 years, with 249 seats assigned to the North and 243 to the South. Voters' choices were limited to candidates approved by the Workers' Party.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): You Can Leave Your Hat On--Joe Cocker (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): The Promise You Made--Cock Robin (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Living Doll--Cliff Richard and the Young Ones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rock Me Amadeus--Falco

#1 single in the U.K.: A Different Corner--George Michael

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Kiss--Prince and the Revolution (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Addicted to Love--Robert Palmer
2 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution
3 Manic Monday--Bangles
4 West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys
5 What You Need--INXS
6 Harlem Shuffle--Rolling Stones
7 Why Can’t This Be Love--Van Halen
8 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
9 Let’s Go All the Way--Sly Fox
10 Tender Love--Force M.D.’s

Singles entering the chart were A Different Corner by George Michael (#49); Rain on the Scarecrow by John Cougar Mellencamp (#65); Vienna Calling by Falco (#76); The Love Parade by the Dream Academy (#79); Who's Johnny by El DeBarge (#81); Your Wildest Dreams by the Moody Blues (#83); Out of Mind Out of Sight by the Models (#85); Under the Influence by Vanity (#86); Tuff Enuff by the Fabulous Thunderbirds (#87); Mutual Surrender by Bourgeois Tagg (#88); Lead a Double Life by Loverboy (#89); and Shot in the Dark by Ozzy Osbourne (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush
2 Bop--Dan Seals
3 Don’t Forget Me (When I’m Gone)--Glass Tiger
4 Nikita--Elton John
5 Harlem Shuffle--Rolling Stones
6 Manic Monday--Bangles
7 Let’s Go All the Way--Sly Fox
8 Addicted to Love--Robert Palmer
9 Secret Lovers--Atlantic Starr
10 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution

Singles entering the chart were There’ll Be Sad Songs by Billy Ocean (#90); Song in My Head by M+M (#92); and The Love Parade by the Dream Academy (#93); I Can't Wait by Nu Shooz (#94); and Chains by the Arrows (#96).

Died on this date
Bessie Love, 87
. U.S. actress. Miss Love, born Juanita Horton, was popular during the era of silent films, but also achieved success during the early years of sound films, and was nominated for an Academy Award for her starring performance in The Broadway Melody (1929).

Broderick Crawford, 74. U.S. actor. Mr. Crawford had a lengthy career as a character actor, often playing "heavies." He won an Academy Award for his starring performance in All the King's Men (1949). Mr. Crawford starred in the popular television series Highway Patrol (1955-1959) and the less popular series The Interns (1970-1971).

Disasters
Although it didn’t become public knowledge for a couple of days, the world’s worst nuclear disaster occurred at the Chernobyl plant in Ukraine.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup Playoffs
Division Finals
Toronto 3 @ St. Louis 4 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Calgary 4 @ Edmonton 1 (Calgary led best-of-seven series 3-2)

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Joyride--Roxette (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
A.B. Guthrie, Jr., 90
. U.S. author. Mr. Guthrie won the 1950 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for his novel The Way West.

Leo Arnaud, 86. French-born U.S. composer. Mr. Arnaud wrote and orchestrated numerous film scores, but was best known for Bugler's Dream, the theme music for telecasts of the Olympic Games on American network television.

Carmine Coppola, 80. U.S. composer and conductor. Mr. Coppola was the father of movie director Francis Ford Coppola, and contributed music to several of his son's films. Carmine Coppola and Nino Rota shared the 1974 Academy Award for the score for The Godfather Part II, directed by Francis Ford Coppola.

Emily McLaughlin, 62. U.S. actress. Miss McLaughlin played nurse Jessie Brewer on the television soap opera General Hospital from 1963-1991.

Richard Hatfield, 60. Canadian politician. Mr. Hatfield, a Progressive Conservative, was a Member of the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick from 1961-1987, and Premier from 1970-1987. Mr. Hatfield's reign as Premier, the longest in New Brunswick history, ended when the PCs lost all their seats to the Liberals in the 1987 provincial election. Mr. Hatfield died, reportedly of brain cancer, 17 days after his 60th birthday. He was widely believed to be a sodomite, although he never admitted it.

Defense
Canadian Navy Vice-Admiral Charles Thomas resigned, warning that defense cuts would threaten Canadian sovereignty and endanger the lives of military personnel; Vice-Admiral Thomas was Deputy Commander of the Canadian Armed Forces.

Weather
70 tornadoes broke out in the central United States.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Minnesota 2 @ St. Louis 4 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Edmonton 2 @ Los Angeles 5 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-2)

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Children--Robert Miles (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Children--Robert Miles (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Stirling Silliphant, 78
. U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Silliphant won an Academy Award for his screenplay for In the Heat of the Night (1967), but was better known for his work in television, especially the series Naked City (1958-1959, 1960-1963) (which he created) and Route 66 (1960-1964) (which he co-created).

Music
The Edmonton Symphony Orchestra performed at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium. This blogger was in attendance, with enjoyable female company.

Americana
An auction of items once owned by U.S. President John F. Kennedy and his wife Jacqueline concluded with 2,000 bidders and sales totalling more than $34.5 million, much more than originally anticipated.

War
Israel and Lebanon agreed to a cease-fire to end Israel's 16-day bombardent of Lebanese villages.

Economics and finance
The South African rand continued its two-month slide and hit a record low value.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Montreal 2 @ New York Rangers 3 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Washington 1 @ Pittsburgh 4 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Winnipeg 3 @ Detroit 1 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Jets' win over the Red Wings at Joe Louis Arena was their last before moving to Phoenix to become the Coyotes.

IIHF World Men's Championship
Russia 6 Canada 4

10 years ago
2006


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Carolina 2 @ Montreal 1 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)
New Jersey 3 @ New York Rangers 0 (New Jersey led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Buffalo 2 @ Philadelphia 4 (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Dallas 3 @ Colorado 4 (OT) (Colorado led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Eric Staal scored 3:38 into the 1st overtime period to give the Hurricanes their win over the Canadiens at Bell Centre. Martin Brodeur made 25 saves to earn his 21st career playoff shutout as the Devils blanked the Rangers at Madison Square Garden. Peter Forsberg scored 2 straight goals in the 2nd period to break a 1-1 tie as the Flyers beat the Sabres at Wachovia Center. Andrew Brunette scored with 57 seconds remaining in regulation time to tie the score for Colorado, and Alex Tanguay scored just 1:09 into overtime to win the game for the Avalanche over the Stars at Pepsi Center.

April 25, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Suzie Martin!

170 years ago
1846


War
Mexican forces commanded by General Anastasio Torrejon ambushed American forces led by Captain Seth Thornton along the Rio Grande, triggering the Mexican–American War.

110 years ago
1906


Albertana
A motion to move the capital of Alberta from Edmonton to Calgary was defeated in the legislature.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Jerry Barber
. U.S. golfer. Mr. Barber won seven tournaments on the Professional Golfers' Association tour, including the 1961 PGA Championship, when he made up a 4-stroke deficit in the last 3 holes to tie Don January, and then defeated Mr. January in an 18-hole playoff the next day. Mr. Barber was named the PGA Player of the Year for 1961. He died on September 23, 1994 at the age of 78.

Protest
The United Kingdom declared martial law in Ireland, the day after the beginning of the Easter uprising.

80 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: Death in the Club Window

75 years ago
1941


War
The German command announced the capture of Thermopylae after an intense three-day battle. German bombers continued attacks on British evacuation from Greek ports.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said at a press conference that the U.S. Navy would extend its neutrality patrol to the seven seas, if necessary, for the protection of the Western Hemisphere. He compared famed aviator and opponent of U.S. intervention in the European War Charles Lindbergh to the "Copperhead" defeatists in the U.S. Civil War. 1940 Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie urged the use of convoys to "protect those shipments" to Britain.

Crime
Julio Ayala, leader of the Cuban Realist Revolutionary Party supporting President Fulgencio Batista, was shot and seriously wounded in a Havana suburb.

Politics and government
Argentine Acting President Ramon Castillo announced that he would temporarily govern "be decree" because of the Radical Party's refusal to vote on any bills in Congress.

Labour
U.S. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins certified the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers dispute with General Motors to the National Defense Mediation Board. U.S. Senator Harry Byrd (Democrat--Virginia) demanded that Miss Perkins resign for failing to certify the coal strike to the NDMB for three weeks.

Medicine
Dr. J.S.L. Browne of McGill University said that intramuscular injections of the synthetic male hormone testosterone propionate had added several inches to the height of 10 dwarfed youths.

Boxing
World bantamweight champion Lou Salica (53-11-12) retained his title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Lew Transparenti (27-18) at Baltimore Coliseum. Mr. Transparenti had defeated Mr. Salica seven weeks earlier in a non-title bout.

70 years ago
1946


War
The conference of foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., and France opened in Paris, as Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov accepted French participation, but opposed French voting on peace treaties with Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Finland, and Italy.

Defense
Chinese Communist troops entered the Manchurian city of Harbin as Soviet forces left.

Labour
The U.S. Railroad Trainmen and Locomotive Engineers Brotherhoods rejected a fact-finding board's 16c hourly wage increase recommendation and called a strike of its 300,000 members for May 18, 1946.

Disasters
45 people were killed and 125 injured when the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad's Exposition Flyer rammed into the Advance Flyer in Naperville, Illinois.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mejor--Los Brincos

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Black & Tan Gun--Pat Smith and the Johnny Flynn Showband

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Good Lovin'--The Young Rascals
2 (You're My) Soul and Inspiration--The Righteous Brothers
3 Kicks--Paul Revere and the Raiders
4 Secret Agent Man--Johnny Rivers
5 Time Won't Let Me--The Outsiders
6 It's Too Late--Bobby Goldsboro
7 Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)--Cher
8 Daydream--The Lovin' Spoonful
9 A Sign of the Times--Petula Clark
10 Walkin' My Cat Named Dog--Norma Tanega

Singles entering the chart were How Does That Grab You, Darlin'? by Nancy Sinatra (#75); Rainy Day Women #12 & 35 by Bob Dylan (#81); She Blew a Good Thing by the Poets (#85); Love Me with All of Your Heart by the Bachelors (#86); The Sun Ain't Gonna Shine (Anymore) by the Walker Bros. (#89); The Teaser by Bob Kuban and the In-Men (#90); Twinkle Toes by Roy Orbison (#91); No Man is an Island by the Van Dykes (#92); Once Upon a Time by Teddy and the Pandas (#93); Evol--Not Love by the Five Americans (#96); Friends and Mirrors by Bobby Russell (#98); The New Breed by James Brown (#99); and The More I See You by Chris Montez (#100).

Disasters
Much of the old city of Tashkent, Uzbeskistan was destroyed by an earthquake measuring 7.5 on the Richter scale, leaving 300,000 people homeless.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Carol Reed, 69
. U.K. movie director. Sir Carol won an Academy Award for directing Oliver! (1968), but was best known for his films from the 1940s, such as Night Train to Munich (1940); Odd Man Out (1947); The Fallen Idol (1948); and The Third Man (1949).

Americana
Chicago Cubs' center fielder Rick Monday became a national hero of sorts--and received a bicentennial commendation from President Gerald Ford--when he rescued an American flag that two protesters were attempting to burn in center field during the 4th inning of a game between the Cubs and Los Angeles Dodgers before 25,167 fans at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles. The Dodgers won 5-4 in 10 innings; Mr. Monday batted 3 for 5 with 2 runs and a run batted in.

Politics and government
The Socialist Party, led by Mário Soares, won 107 of 265 seats in the Portuguese parliamentary elections. The Social Democratic Party was second with 73 seats, followed by the Democratic and Social Centre Party with 42 seats and the Communist Party with 40.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Toronto 3 @ Philadelphia 7 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Los Angeles 0 @ Boston 3 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Jack Valiquette scored 1:24 into the game to give the Maple Leafs a 1-0 lead over the Flyers before 17,007 fans at the Spectrum, and Bob Neely scored early in a 5-minute powerplay late in the period to give Toronto a 2-1 lead, but the Flyers killed the remainder of the penalty and erupted for 6 straight goals to eliminate the Maple Leafs.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
O'Keefe Cup Finals
Calgary 2 @ Winnipeg 3 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 2-0)

U.S. Championship Quarter-Finals
Houston 8 @ San Diego 4 (Houston led best-of-seven series 3-0)

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Geil--Bruce and Bongo (4th week at #1)

Africana
Mswati III was crowned King of Swaziland, succeeding his father Sobhuza II.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup Playoffs
Division Finals
Hartford 3 @ Montreal 5 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)
New York Rangers 4 @ Washington 2 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Deep Deep Trouble--The Simpsons (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
Assembly of First Nations Grand Chief Georges Erasmus suggested a new Canadian national treaty separate from the current constitutional negotiations.

Oil
The Interprovincial Pipeline, an 832-kilometre line between Sarnia and Montreal built during the 1974 energy crisis, was shut down because Québec refiners could buy oil cheaper offshore.

Economics and finance
The United States hiked tariffs on Canadian softwood lumber.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Montreal 1 @ Boston 4 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Washington 1 @ Pittsburgh 4 (Pittsburgh won best-of-seven series 4-1)

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Firestarter--The Prodigy (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Children--Robert Miles

Died on this date
Saul Bass, 75
. U.S. graphic designer. Mr. Bass designed movie posters and corporate logos, but was perhaps best known for designing innovative title sequences for movies such as The Man with the Golden Arm (1955); North by Northwest (1959); and Psycho (1960). Much of his work was done in close collaboration with his wife Elaine.

Protest
A 24-hour riot at the Headingly jail in Manitoba left 7 guards and 30 inmates injured. The jail was trashed and burned by inmates during the rampage and was closed until extensive repairs could be made.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Florida 2 @ Boston 6 (Florida led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Tampa Bay 1 @ Philadelphia 4 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)
St. Louis 4 @ Toronto 5 (OT) (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Vancouver 4 @ Colorado 5 (OT) (Colorado led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Maple Leafs' win over the Blues was the last playoff game ever played at Maple Leaf Gardens.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Jane Jacobs, 89
. U.S.-born Canadian urban theorist. Mrs. Jacobs was known for her book The Death and Life of Great American Cities (1961), in which she argued that urban renewal didn't respected the wishes of most city dwellers. She organized grassroots efforts to protest the overhaul of her New York City neighbourhood of Greenwich Village. After moving to Toronto in 1968, she led protests against proposed expressways in that city. Mrs. Jacobs died nine days short of her 90th birthday.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Ottawa 8 @ Tampa Bay 4 (Ottawa led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Detroit 3 @ Edmonton 4 (2 OT) (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Calgary 5 @ Anaheim 2 (Calgary led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Nashville 1 @ San Jose 4 (San Jose led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Monday, April 25, 2016

April 24, 2016

150 years ago
1866


Communications
Victoria became connected to the British Columbia mainland via cable and telegraph.

120 years ago
1896


Diplomacy
Donald Smith, Lord Strathcona was appointed Canadian High Commissioner to Britain, replacing Sir Charles Tupper, who had been recalled by the governing Conservative Party to replace Sir Mackenzie Bowell as party leader and Prime Minister.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Lou Thesz
. U.S. wrestler. Mr. Thesz, born Lajos Tiza, held the National Wrestling Alliance world heavyweight championship three times, for a combined total of more than 10 years, longer than anyone else. In a career spanning more than 60 years, he invented a number of techniques, and is regarded as one of the greatest professional wrestlers in history. Mr. Thesz died on April 28, 2002, four days after his 86th birthday.

Protest
The Easter uprising against British rule in Ireland began when 1,600 Irish nationalists, led by Patrick Pearse and James Connolly, seized several key sites in Dublin.

Exploration
Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launched a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organize a rescue for the crew of the sunken Endurance.

90 years ago
1926


Diplomacy
The Treaty of Berlin was signed, with Germany and the Soviet Union each pledging neutrality in the event of an attack on the other by a third party for the next five years.

75 years ago
1941


War
Heavy fighting at Thermopylae and German aerial attacks on evacuation ships continued. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill postponed a House of Commons debate on the situation in the eastern Mediterranean region until the situation was clarified.

Defense
Japanese Emperor Hirohito formally ratified the U.S.S.R.-Japan neutrality pact after it was unanimously approved by the Privy Council. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered American warships to report movements of German vessels west of Iceland, but not to fire unless fired upon. U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox said in a speech in New York, "We cannot allow our goods to be sunk in the Atlantic--we shall be beaten if they do." Mr. Knox said, "we must see the job through," be delivering war materials to Britain. The Mexico City newspaper Excelsior reported that the Mexican government had approved an initial expenditure of $14 million for improving the harbours on the Gulf and Pacific coasts as naval bases.

Society
Harvard University anthropologist Professor Ernest Hooton said that medical science must regenerate mankind biologically by checking human degeneration through birth control, sterlization, and euthanasia.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau urged a cut of $1 billion in ordinary expenditures by reducing agriculture, Civilian Conservation Corps, National Youth Administration, and soil conservation appropriations.

Labour
U.S. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins certified the 24-day coal strike to the National Defense Mediation Board.

Academia
The New School for Social Research of New York, popularly known as the "University in Exile," received a permanent charter from the Board of Regents.

70 years ago
1946


Literature
Leon Trotsky's biography of U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin, Mr. Trotsky's rival for leadership of the Soviet Union, was published by Harper & Bros. Mr. Trotsky had been assassinated in exile in Mexico in 1940.

Defense
Brazilian Foreign Minister Joao Neves de Fontura announced that the Pan-American Peace and Security Conference would be held in Rio de Janeiro on September 7, 1946.

Politics and government
Nationalist Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek indefinitely postponed the constitutional assembly scheduled to convene May 5 because of Communist refusal to participate.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Export-Import Bank lent $40 million to Poland.

Business
The Argentine government of President Juan Peron placed all banks including private deposits under its control.

The French Constituent Assembly voted to nationalize 50 large insurance companies, with shareholders receiveing 3% government bonds.

50 years ago
1966


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 3 @ Montreal 2 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Los Angeles 121 @ Boston 117 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ancora tu--Lucio Battisti (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Save Your Kisses for Me--The Brotherhood of Man

#1 single in the U.K.: Save Your Kisses for Me--The Brotherhood of Man (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Disco Lady--Johnnie Taylor (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Right Back Where We Started From--Maxine Nightingale
2 Let Your Love Flow--Bellamy Brothers
3 Boogie Fever--Sylvers
4 Disco Lady--Johnnie Taylor
5 Only Sixteen--Dr. Hook
6 Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen
7 Show Me the Way--Peter Frampton
8 Welcome Back--John Sebastian
9 Sweet Love--Commodores
10 Fooled Around and Fell in Love--Elvin Bishop

Singles entering the chart were Fool to Cry by the Rolling Stones (#69); Shop Around by Captain & Tennille (#71); Rock and Roll Love Letter by the Bay City Rollers (#72); Dance Wit Me by Rufus featuring Chaka Khan (#81); Making Our Dreams Come True by Cyndi Grecco (#84); Crazy on You by Heart (#91); Takin' it to the Streets by the Doobie Brothers (#92); Lookin' Out for #1 by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#93); Bigfoot by Bro Smith (#95); (What A) Wonderful World by Johnny Nash (#98); Kiss and Say Goodbye by the Manhattans (#99); and 'Til I Make it on My Own by Tammy Wynette (#100). Making Our Dreams Come True was the theme song of the television comedy series Laverne & Shirley.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Lonely Night (Angel Face)--Captain and Tennille (2nd week at #1)
2 Show Me the Way--Peter Frampton
3 Let Your Love Flow--Bellamy Brothers
4 Dream Weaver--Gary Wright
5 Love is the Drug--Roxy Music
6 Anyway You Want--Charity Brown
7 December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)--The Four Seasons
8 Boogie Fever--Sylvers
9 Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen
10 Dream On--Aerosmith

Singles entering the chart were Silly Love Songs by Wings (#89); Laura's Song by J.C. Stone (#94); In the Mood by Sound 9418 (#95); It's Alright (This Feeling) by Crack of Dawn (#96); There Won't Be No Country Music (There Won’t Be No Rock ’N’ Roll) by C.W. McCall (#97); Happy Days by Pratt & McClain with Brother Love (#98); Love Hangover by Diana Ross (#99); and One Piece at a Time by Johnny Cash (#100). Laura's Song had originally been titled Singing Laura's Song, released in 1975 as the B-side of Look at the Stars.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
U.S. Championship Quarter-Finals
New England 0 @ Indianapolis 4 (New England led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Baseball
Dave Concepcion singled home 2 runs in the top of the 11th inning and the Cincinnati Reds held on to defeat the Montreal Expos 6-4 before 11,190 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal in the first Expos Baseball telecast of the season on CBC.

Tito Fuentes singled home Enzo Hernandez with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the San Diego Padres a 4-3 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 50,569 fans at San Diego Stadium.

Chris Chambliss singled home Roy White with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the New York Yankees a 9-8 win over the Kansas City Royals before 16,034 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Luis Gomez scored with 2 out in the bottom of the 14th inning on a sacrifice fly by Dan Ford to give the Minnesota Twins a 2-1 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 4,222 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

The Texas Rangers scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning to break a 3-3 tie and held on for a 5-4 win over the Detroit Tigers before 8,862 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Joe Rudi hit a 2-run home run off Tom Buskey with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning and held on to defeat the Cleveland Indians 8-7 before 17,509 fans at Cleveland Stadium. The Indians loaded the bases with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Oakland relief pitcher Jim Todd caught a line drive from Duane Kuiper for the second out and retired Buddy Bell on a ground out to shortstop Bert Campaneris.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 30 (CHED)
1 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution
2 Manic Monday--Bangles
3 R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A.--John Cougar Mellencamp
4 Let's Go All the Way--Sly Fox
5 West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys
6 Eurasian Eyes--Corey Hart
7 Harlem Shuffle--Rolling Stones
8 Don't Forget Me (When I'm Gone)--Glass Tiger
9 Bad Boy--Miami Sound Machine
10 Tender Love--Force M.D.’s
11 Addicted to Love--Robert Palmer
12 Feel it Again--Honeymoon Suite
13 Why Can’t This Be Love--Van Halen
14 What You Need--INXS
15 She Sells Sanctuary--The Cult
16 If You Leave--Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark
17 Greatest Love of All--Whitney Houston
18 Something About You--Level 42
19 Vienna Calling--Falco
20 The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush

Died on this date
Wallis Simpson, Duchess of Windsor, 89
. The American divorcee, whose affair with King Edward VIII prompted the British monarch to abdicate in 1936, died in France, but was buried next to her last husband in England.

Hockey
IIHF World Championship
U.S.S.R. 7 Canada 4

NHL
Stanley Cup Playoffs
Division Finals
St. Louis 7 @ Toronto 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Edmonton 7 @ Calgary 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Joyride--Roxette (7th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Accident

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
St. Louis 4 @ Minnesota 8 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Los Angeles 2 @ Edmonton 4 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Baseball
Darryl Kile of the Houston Astros pitched 6 hitless innings against the Cincinnati Reds in his first major league start. Houston manager Art Howe removed him at that point rather than risk injury to his arm. Curt Schilling finally gave up a single in the 9th inning, but the Astros edged the Reds 1-0 when pinch hitter Ken Oberkfell singled home Rafael Ramirez with 2 out in the bottom of the 13th before 10,869 fans at the Astrodome.

20 years ago
1996


Music
Shania Twain won the top album trophy for The Woman in Me and was named Best New Female Singer at the annual Academy of Country Music Awards.

Politics and government
The main assembly of the Palestine Liberation Organization voted to revoke clauses in its charter that called for an armed struggle to destroy Israel.

Terrorism
The U.S. Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 was signed into law by President Bill Clinton.

Health
British officials announced plans for the selective slaughter of 42,000 head of cattle that were potential carriers of mad cow disease.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Florida 4 @ Boston 2 (Florida led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Pittsburgh 3 @ Washington 2 (4 OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Steve Stavro, 79
. Greek-born Canadian businessman. Mr. Stavro, born Manoli Stavroff Sholdas, moved with his family to Toronto at the age of 7. He became a grocery store magnate, but was best known as majority owner of the Toronto Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League from 1991-2003.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Montreal 6 @ Carolina 5 (2 OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)
New York Rangers 1 @ New Jersey 6 (New Jersey led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Philadelphia 2 @ Buffalo 8 (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Colorado 5 @ Dallas 4 (OT) (Colorado led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Michael Ryder scored at 2:32 of the 2nd overtime period to give the Canadiens their win over the Hurricanes at RBC Center in Raleigh, North Carolina. John Madden scored 3 goals for the Devils as they beat the Rangers at Continental Airlines Arena in East Rutherford. Jean-Pierre Dumont and Jason Pominville scored 3 goals each as the Sabres routed the Flyers at HSBC Arena.

April 23, 2016

1,000 years ago
1016


Died on this date
Æthelred the Unready, 48 (?)
. King of England, 978-1013, 1014-1016. Æthelred succeeded to the throne upon the death of his father Edward the Martyr. Æthelred fled to Normandy in 1013 when King Sweyn Forkbeard invaded England, but returned as King upon Sweyn's death in 1014. Æthelred was succeeded as King by Edmund Ironside.

875 years ago
1141


Born on this date
Malcolm IV
. King of Scots, 1153-1165. Malcolm Canmore was the eldest son of Earl Henry, who was the son of King David I. When Earl Henry died in 1152, Malcolm became the heir to the throne, and succeeded his grandfather. He was known for his religious zeal and interest in knighthood and warfare, but, like his father, suffered from poor health. His death on December 9, 1165 at the age of 24 may have been the result of Paget's disease. Malcolm IV died without heirs and was succeeded by his brother William I.

400 years ago
1616


Died on this date
William Shakespeare, 52
. English playwright. Mr. Shakespeare was the most famous writer in the history of the English language, especially for his 38 plays.

225 years ago
1791


Born on this date
James Buchanan
. 15th President of the United States of America, 1857-1861. Mr. Buchanan, a Democrat from Pennsylvania, held various offices in a political and diplomatic career lasting almost 50 years. He was elected President of the United States in 1856, but proved ineffective in fulfilling his promises and dealing with the threatened secession from the Union of Southern states, and declined to run for re-election. Mr. Buchanan died on June 1, 1868 at the age of 77. He predicted the day before his death that history would vindicate him, but he was mistaken; historians have consistently ranked Mr. Buchanan among the worst American Presidents.

170 years ago
1846


Politics and government
The U.S. Congress voted to terminate the agreement with the United Kingdom on joint occupancy of Oregon.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Sergei Prokofiev
. Russian composer. Mr. Prokofiev was one of the most prominent composers of the 20th century; his works included seven completed operas, seven symphonies, and eight ballets. He died on March 5, 1953 at the age of 61.

110 years ago
1906


Law
The Alberta Legislature set the provincial speed limit at 10 miles per hour in the city and 20 mph in the country.

100 years ago
1916


War
The Royal Naval Reserve set sail for England from St. John's, Newfoundland.

80 years ago
1936

Born on this date
Roy Orbison
. U.S. singer and songwriter. One of this blogger's favourite singers, the "Big O" had a minor hit on Sun records in 1956 with Ooby Dooby, but it wasn't until Only the Lonely reached #2 in the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in 1960 (and #1 in the U.K.) that he made it big. At a time when men weren't supposed to cry or show emotion over lost love, Mr. Orbison became very popular, especially with red-blooded heterosexual men, representing those of us who lose or don't get the girl. His hit singles included Running Scared (U.S. #1; U.K. #9, 1961); Crying (U.S. #2, 1961); Dream Baby (U.S. #4; U.K. #2, 1962); In Dreams (U.S. #7; U.K. #6, 1963); It's Over (U.S. #9; U.K. #1, 1964); and Pretty Woman (U.S. #1; U.K. #1, 1964). Mr. Orbison was as popular in Britain as in America, and headlined a British tour with the Beatles in 1963. The deaths of his first wife, Claudette (in a motorcycle crash in 1966) and two of his sons (in a fire at his Tennessee home in 1968 while Mr. Orbison was on the road) combined with a creative decline, and Mr. Orbison's popularity slipped badly. By the late 1980s, Mr. Orbison's career was on the upswing; many of the most popular artists of the time performed with him in a tribute concert in Los Angeles in 1987 which was released on video, and later on record,under the title Roy Orbison: A Black and White Night. In 1988 he was recruited to become one of the Traveling Wilbury's and performed on their Volume One album and their debut single Handle With Care (U.S. #45; Canada #3), while also recording a new album. Mr. Orbison died of a heart attack on December 6, 1988 at the age of 52. You Got It, the debut single from his new album, Mystery Girl, was released in January 1989, reaching #12 in the U.S. and #1 in Canada. The album was released in February and sold well. This blogger's favourite Roy Orbison song is Ride Away, from 1965.

75 years ago
1941


War
Germany admitted that the British rear guard in Greece was still holding the pass at Thermopylae. Waves of German bombers pounded Greek ports and waiting evacuation ships. A Japanese Army spokesman in Shanghai stated that all of the Chinese province of Chekiang south of Shanghai had been occupied by Japanese troops. At an America First Committee meeting in New York, Charles Lindbergh delivered a speech in opposition to American involvement in World War II.

Defense
New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia, chairman of the American section of the Canada-U.S. Joint Defense Board, said that the two countries planned to defend their shores 1,000 miles into the Atlantic Ocean. U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox announced that 20 of the Navy's "mosquito" boats were being shipped to Britain under the Lend-Lease program.

The Argentine Senate approved a defense bill authorizing the expenditure of 646 million pesos.

Politics and government
The death of a Senator who was a supporter of the government gave Labour a 36-35 edge in the Australian Senate.

Scandal
Former U.S. Ambassador to France William C. Bullitt presented President Franklin D. Roosevelt with evidence that Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles had made homosexual overtures to two railroad porters in September 1940. Mr. Bullitt, who disliked Mr. Welles and was his rival within the State Department, demanded that Mr. Roosevelt dismiss Mr. Welles. Mr. Roosevelt refused, and instead dismissed Mr. Bullitt from the State Department.

Protest
The American Youth Congress claimed 500,000 as the number of students taking part in peace rallies and "strikes" at many colleges throughout the United States.

Journalism
The Boston Evening Transcript announced that it would cease publication on April 30, 1941 after almost 111 years because of insufficient funds.

Health
Professor Russell Wilder of the Mayo Foundation reported that two-thirds of Americans suffered from serious malnutrition because of improper diet lacking in vitamins, minerals, and proteins.

Education
The New York Board of Education voted against a resolution to require teachers and clerks in the school system to state under oath whether they were or are members of the Communist, Nazi, or Fascist parties.

Labour
Michigan Governor Murray Van Wagoner named a three-man mediation committee to try to settle the dispute between General Motors and the United Auto Workers.

Soft coal mine operators in the southern United States broke off negotiations with the United Mine Workers of America for the second time.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
British Prime Minister Clement Attlee presided over the opening of a conference of British Dominions Foreign Ministers in London.

Defense
The U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee voted to report in favour of the bill proposed by the administration of President Harry Truman for unification of the armed forces.

Politics and government
Manuel Roxas, the Liberal Party candidate, was elected the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines; Elpidio Quirino was elected Vice President.

World events
Members of the Italian "Democratic Fascist Party" stole the body of former Italian Duce Benito Mussolini from his unmarked pauper's grave in Cimitero Maggiore di Milano (Greater Cemetery of Milan).

Economics and finance
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Director Fiorello La Guardia warned that "have countries" must come down in their "reserve stocks" of food, or he would "take such action as may be necessary."

Labour
A strike of 50,000 government employees in Palestine in which Jews and Arabs cooperated was called off after the British Palestine administration raised wages.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations United Federal Workers and the State, County and Municipal Workers merged, forming the United Public Workers of America, with 103,000 members.

Baseball
Joe Tinker, Johnny Evers, Frank Chance, Jack Chesbro, Clark Griffith, Joe McGinnity, Rube Waddell, Eddie Plank, Ed Walsh, Jesse Burkett, and Tommy McCarthy were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra (8th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Le Cinéma--Sheila (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Nessuno mi può giudicare--Caterina Caselli (11th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Dedicated Follower of Fashion--The Kinks

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Dusty Springfield

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (You’re My) Soul and Inspiration--The Righteous Brothers (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (You’re My) Soul and Inspiration--The Righteous Brothers (2nd week at #1)
2 Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)--Cher
3 Good Lovin'--The Young Rascals
4 Secret Agent Man--Johnny Rivers
5 Kicks--Paul Revere and the Raiders
6 Time Won't Let Me--The Outsiders
7 Sloop John B--The Beach Boys
8 Monday, Monday--The Mamas and the Papas
9 I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry--B.J. Thomas and the Triumphs
10 Leaning on the Lamp Post--Herman's Hermits

Singles entering the chart were The "A" Team by SSgt. Barry Sadler (#47); Love is Like an Itching in My Heart by the Supremes (#75); Love's Made a Fool of You by the Bobby Fuller Four (#82); You're the One by the Marvelettes (#85); Hold On! I'm a Comin' by Sam and Dave (#86); Dum-De-Da by Bobby Vinton (#88); The Cruel War by Peter, Paul and Mary (#92); Mine Exclusively by the Olympics (#93); Barefootin' by Robert Parker (#94); The More I See You by Chris Montez (#95); Truly Julie's Blues (I'll Be There) (#96)/Remember the Rain (#100) by Bob Lind; I Love You 1000 Times by the Platters (#98); The Big Hurt by Del Shannon (#99); Cool Jerk by the Capitols (also #100); and Come On Let's Go by the McCoys (also #100).

Died on this date
George Ohsawa, 72
. Japanese philosopher. Mr. Ohsawa, born Nyoichi Sakurazawa, founded the Macrobiotic diet, and was largely responsible for popularizing Oriental concepts of health in the West.

Music
Johnny Rivers performed at Edmonton Gardens, with the Batgirls as an opening act.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Mississippi--Pussycat (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rocky--Frank Farian (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Fernando--ABBA (4th week at #1)

Protest
Thousands of people marched in Boston to protest anti-busing violence earlier in the year.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
O'Keefe Cup Finals
Calgary 1 @ Winnipeg 6 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 1-0)

U.S. Championship Quarter-Finals
Indianapolis 1 @ New England 2 (New England led best-of-seven series 3-1)
San Diego 1 @ Houston 3 (Houston led best-of-seven series 2-0)

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Dover-Calais--Style (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Harold Arlen, 81
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Arlen, born Hyman Arluck, wrote the music for over 500 songs, including such standards as Get Happy; Stormy Weather; and Blues in the Night. He and lyricist E.Y. Harburg won the Academy Award for Best Music, Original Song for Over the Rainbow, from The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Otto Preminger, 80. Austro-Hungarian-born U.S. movie director. Mr. Preminger first achieved major success with the film noir drama Laura (1944), but was best known for directing movies that challenged Hollywood taboos and censorship. His films included Forever Amber (1947); The Moon is Blue (1953); The Man with the Golden Arm (1955); and Anatomy of a Murder (1959). He also acted in several movies, most notably Stalag 17 (1953).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup Playoffs
Division Finals
Montreal 1 @ Hartford 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Washington 5 @ New York Rangers 6 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

25 years ago
1991


Adventure
31-year-old French yachtsman Christophe Auguin won the 27,000-mile, eight-month-long BOC solo race around the world aboard the 60-foot-long sailboat Groupe Sceta. Mr. Auguin’s closest rival, Alain Gautier, stalled just 212 miles from the finish.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Boston 2 @ Montreal 6 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Pittsburgh 3 @ Washington 1 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies, who had started the season with a record of 4-9, fired Nick Leyva as manager and replaced him with Jim Fregosi. Mr. Fregosi’s debut as Philadelphia manager was a 2-1 loss to the New York Mets before 20,187 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Jean Victor Allard, 82
. Canadian military officer. General Allard was the first French-Canadian to become Chief of Defence Staff, a position he held from 1966-1969.

War
The government of Sierra Leone and rebels agreed to a cease-fire in the five-year civil war, and a timetable for peace talks was arranged.

5,000 U.S. Marines were reported to be waiting in ships off the coast of Liberia, four days after a shaky cease-fire had taken hold between factions in the country.

Health
The European Union confirmed its ban on imports of British beef because of mad cow disease.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister Paul Martin announced that Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland had agreed to replace their provincial sales taxes and the federal Goods and Services Tax with a Harmonized Sales Tax (HST).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Philadelphia 4 @ Tampa Bay 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
New York Rangers 4 @ Montreal 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Toronto 1 @ St. Louis 5 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Detroit 6 @ Winnipeg 1 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Chicago 2 @ Calgary 1 (3 OT) (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-0)

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Phil Walden, 66
. U.S. record producer and manager. Mr. Walden co-founded Capricorn Records, a label based in Macon, Georgia, in 1969. He used the label to help popularize Southern rock with artists such as the Allman Brothers Band, the Marshall Tucker Band, and Elvin Bishop. Mr. Walden also managed singer Otis Redding, comic actor Jim Varney, and actor Billy Bob Thornton. When former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter was campaigning for the Democratic Party U.S. presidential nomination in 1976, Mr. Walden provided much-needed financial support, and thus contributed to Mr. Carter's eventual victory.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Tampa Bay 4 @ Ottawa 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Edmonton 4 @ Detroit 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
San Jose 3 @ Nashville 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Anaheim 4 @ Calgary 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Vesa Toskala earned the shutout in goal for the Sharks as they blanked the Predators at Gaylord Entertainment Center.