Wednesday, April 16, 2014

April 16, 2014

225 years ago
1789


Politics and government
U.S. President-elect George Washington left his home in Mount Vernon, Virginia for his inauguration in New York.

175 years ago
1839


Born on this date
Antonio Starabba, Marchese di Rudinì
. The Marchese di Rudinì, a Liberal, was Prime Minister of Italy from 1891-1892 and 1896-1898. He died on August 6, 1908 at the age of 69.

140 years ago
1874


Politics and government
Louis Riel, the member from the Manitoba riding of Provencher, was expelled from the Canadian House of Commons as a fugitive, since there was a warrant for his arrest in Ontario for the 1870 shooting of Thomas Scott in Red River, Manitoba.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Charlie Chaplin
. U.K.-born film actor and director. Sir Charles was one of the most important figures in the history of cinema. His character "The Little Tramp" in short comedy films was perhaps the most famous character of the silent film era. He later made feature films, including The Kid (1921); The Gold Rush (1925); The Circus (1928); City Lights (1931); Modern Times (1936); The Great Dictator (1940); Monsieur Verdoux (1947); and Limelight (1952). Mr. Chaplin ran afoul of the Hollywood blacklist in the 1950s because of alleged Communist sympathies, left the U.S. in 1952, and didn't return to the United States until 1972, when he was awarded an honourary Academy Award for lifetime achivement. Sir Charles composed the music for many of his films, and his score for Limelight won an Academy Award, although it was for the year 1972, since the film hadn't been commercially screened in Los Angeles until that year. Sir Charles, who was knighted in 1975, died on December 25, 1977 at the age of 88.

75 years ago
1939


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 1 @ Boston 3 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Roy Conacher's goal with 2:06 remaining in the 2nd period proved to be the winner as the Bruins defeated the Maple Leafs at Boston Garden to win their second Stanley Cup championship, and their first in 10 years. Boston goalie Frank Brimsek allowed just 6 goals in 5 games in the finals.

Baseball
PCL
The Hollywood Stars swept a doubleheader from the Portland Beavers at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles to extend their winning streak to 15 games. The second game was a 16-7 slugfest that was called after 5 innings so that Wrigley Field could be set up to accommodate the next day's world heavyweight championship bout between champion Joe Louis and challenger Jack Roper.

70 years ago
1944


War
Soviet troops advanced more than 30 miles along the southeast coast of Crimea and captured 40 localities, including the port of Yalta. Allied forces started bombing Belgrade, killing about 1,100 people; The bombing fell on the Orthodox Christian Easter.

Politics and government
Soviet Commissar of Foreign Affairs Andrei Vishinsky announced that the U.S.S.R. and U.S.A. had agreed to create a new Italian government representing all democratic elements.

U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur denied that he was a candidate for President of the United States in the November 1944 election.

Labour
In an unprecedented decision, the U.S. National War Labor Board ruled that American News Company was justified in discharging nine workers who struck to compel payment of wage increases that had not been approved by the NWLB.

Disasters
39 people were killed and more than 500 injured when a tornado swept through northeastern Georgia and western South Carolina, causing heavy property damage.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Secret Love--Doris Day

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 1 @ Detroit 2 (OT) (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Tony Leswick scored at 4:29 of the 1st overtime period as the Red Wings edged the defending champion Canadiens at Olympia Stadium to win the Stanley Cup for the third time in the previous five years. Mr. Leswick's shot was accidentally deflected off the glove of Montreal defenseman Doug Harvey past goalie Gerry McNeil. The Canadiens were heavily criticized for skating off the ice after the game without shaking hands with the new champions. The championship was the third and last for the Red Wings under head coach Tommy Ivan, who retired from coaching to move into management.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

Crime
12 men involved in Britain's "Great Train Robbery" in August 1963 were given prison sentences totalling 307 years.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 3 @ Detroit 4 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Alex Delvecchio, assisted by Gordie Howe, scored the winning goal with 17 seconds remaining in regulation time as the Red Wings edged the Maple Leafs at Olympia Stadium. Floyd Smith scored 2 goals for Detroit.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Quelque chose et moi--Gérard Lenorman (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
Democratic party candidate J. Bob Traxler defeated Republican candidate James Sparling in a by-election for Michigan's 8th District in the U.S. House of Representatives. Mr. Traxler, the first Democrat to be elected in the district since 1932, had attempted to make the by-election a referendum on President Richard Nixon's performance in office. The result was the fourth such defeat for Republican candidates in recent months.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
East Division
New York Rangers 3 @ Montreal 2 (OT) (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)

West Division
Los Angeles 0 @ Chicago 1 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Ron Harris scored at 4:07 of the 1st overtime period to give the Rangers their win over the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): 99 Luftballons--Nena (3rd week at #1)

Defense
The Canadian Institute for International Peace and Security was founded in Ottawa, and funded by the government of Canada.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Like a Prayer--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

Crime
The last of 15 mutilated bodies were found buried near Matamoros, Mexico, near the U.S. border. The bodies had been discovered over a period of five days. Five suspects were arrested who said that the victims had been sacrificed to ensure that their killers, who were drug traffickers, would be protected from police.

Baseball
Kelly Gruber of the Toronto Blue Jays became the first Toronto professional player to hit for the cycle in a 15-6 victory over the Kansas City Royals at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): It's Alright--East 17 (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bump N' Grind--R. Kelly (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 The Sign--Ace of Base (3rd week at #1)
2 Without You--Mariah Carey
3 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
4 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
5 So Much in Love--All-4-One
6 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
7 Now and Forever--Richard Marx
8 Whatta Man--Salt-N-Pepa with En Vogue
9 Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
10 Bump N' Grind--R. Kelly

Singles entering the chart were I'll Take You There by General Public (#54); Got Me Waiting by Heavy D & Boyz (#88); and I'll Wait by Taylor Dayne (#90).

Died on this date
Ralph Ellison, 80
. U.S. author. Mr. Ellison was a Negro scholar and Communist who eventually became disillusioned with Communism. He was best known for his novel Invisible Man (1952).

War
Serb forces in Bosnia used a surface-to-air missile to down a British reconnaissance and attack jet as the jet was attempting to fire on a Serbian tank.

Tuesday, April 15, 2014

April 15, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Harold Riemer and Danielle Wessel!

250 years ago
1764


Died on this date
Madame de Pompadour, 42
. French mistress. Born Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Madame de Pomapdour was the mistress of King Louis XV. She was a patron of the arts and Enlightenment philosophers, and was blamed by her critics for the Seven Years' War. Madame de Pompadour died of tuberculosis.

200 years ago
1814


War
In Kingston, Upper Canada, two warships, the Prince Regent and the Princess Charlotte, were launched from the Kingston Navy Dockyard for use in the War of 1812.

90 years ago
1924


Americana
Rand McNally published its first road atlas.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bésame Mucho (Kiss Me Much)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)

War
Soviet forces took Lyubimovka, only 3 miles north of Sevastopol. U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace was reportedly going to China to reassure Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek that the delay of an all-out Allied effort to take Burma was only temporary.

Diplomacy
U.S. Army Lieutenant General George Patton, in a talk at the opening of a soldiers' club in England, said "it is the destiny of the U.S. and Great Britain to rule the world."

Politics and government
A conference in Naples of leaders of six opposition parties voted 4-1 to cooperate with the government of Prime Minister Pietro Badoglio upon the retirement of King Victor Emmanuel III.

Brazilian President Getulio Vargas said that democracy in Brazil would be restored after World War II.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Civil Service Commission reported that 72% of the 2,797,000 federal employees within the U.S. in October 1943 were on war agency rolls.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): My Coo Ca Choo--Alvin Stardust (6th week at #1)

Canadiana
A group of nine Quebec women won the $1 million first prize in the first Olympic Lottery Canada draw.

Politics and government
Lucien Lamoureux presided over his 3,010th House of Commons session, becoming the Speaker with the longest service in Canadian history.

Crime
Newspaper heiress Patty Hearst, kidnapped from her Berkeley, California apartment on February 4 by members of the Symbionese Liberation Army terrorist group, was identified as one of nine participants in a San Francisco bank robbery. Federal Bureau of Investigation study of the photographs of the robbery concluded that she may have acted under duress.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Relax--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Zu nah am Feuer--Stefan Waggershausen and Alice

Weather
It was a beautiful day in Edmonton, with the temperature reaching 77 F.

Canadiana
A fleet of tall ships left St.-Malo, France on a race to Canada, celebrating the 450th anniversary of Jacques Cartier's discovery of Quebec.

Religion
The inaugural World Youth Day was held in St. Peter's Square, Vatican City.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Pour toi Arménie--Charles Aznavour and various artists (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Like a Prayer--Madonna

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Eternal Flame--Bangles

#1 single in the U.K.: Eternal Flame--Bangles

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
2 The Look--Roxette
3 Like a Prayer--Madonna
4 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
5 Eternal Flame--Bangles
6 Stand--R.E.M.
7 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
8 Superwoman--Karyn White
9 My Heart Can't Tell You No--Rod Stewart
10 Heaven Help Me--Deon Estus (with George Michael)

Singles entering the chart were Through the Storm by Aretha Franklin and Elton John (#68); Little Jackie Wants to Be a Star by Lisa Lisa & Cult Jam (#75); Veronica by Elvis Costello (#80); I'll Be You by the Replacements (#83); You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet by Figures on a Beach (#84); Miss You Like Crazy by Natalie Cole (#85); Closer than Friends by Surface (#87); and Let Me In by Eddie Money (#90).

Died on this date
Hu Yaobang, 73
. Chinese politician. Hu was a leading figure in the Chinese Communist Party, serving as party chairman (1981-1982) and General Secretary (1982-1987). He was a close comrade of Deng Xiaoping. He was considered liberal by the standards of the party, and was removed as General Secretary in favour of Zhao Ziyang after widespread student protests took place in 1987.

Protest
Upon Hu Yaobang's death, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 began in the People's Republic of China.

Disasters
A human crush occurred at Hillsborough Stadium, home of the Sheffield Wednesday football club, in the English FA Cup Semi-Final in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, resulting in the deaths of 96 Liverpool fans.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Smythe Division
Vancouver 3 @ Calgary 4 (OT) (Calgary won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Edmonton 3 @ Los Angeles 6 (Los Angeles won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Jim Peplinski scored in overtime at the Olympic Saddledome as the Flames, who had won 3 of the first 4 games of the series, averted their usual annual playoff choke.

Wayne Gretzky was the star, leading the Kings to victory over his former team at the Forum in Inglewood, California, ending the Oilers' attempt to win the Stanley Cup for the third straight year.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen (4th week at #1)

War
16 Canadian peacekeepers were detained as part of an ongoing campaign of harassment of United Nations forces in Bosnia.

Economics and finance
Representatives of 117 nations gathered in Marrakesh, Morocco to sign the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) treaty, ending the long and contentious Uruguay round of talks and paving the way for the creation of the World Trade Organization.

10 years ago
2004


Politics and government
The African National Congress took about 70% of the vote in South Africa's general election, and Thabo Mbeki retained the presidency.

The United States agreed to a plan to replace the Iraqi Governing Council with a caretaker government when sovereignty was to transfer to Iraq on June 30, 2004.

Defense
Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin, making a rare visit to a miltary base, announced that Canada would acquire three new support ships for the navy at a total cost of $2.1 billion.

Scandal
Canadian Member of Parliament Svend Robinson (NDP) admitted that he had been under stress for a few months and that "something just snapped," and that he had stolen an expensive ring from a jewellery store in Ottawa to give to his sodomite lover.

Environment
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency told the governors of 31 states that the air quality in their states did not meet federal health standards.

Monday, April 14, 2014

April 14, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Laura O'Leary!

375 years ago
1639


War
Saxon and Imperial forces led by General Rodolfo Giovanni Marazzino were defeated by Swedish forces under the command of General Johan Banér in the Battle of Chemnitz in what is now eastern Germany. The Swedish victory prolonged the Thirty Years' War and allowed them to advance into Bohemia.

150 years ago
1864


Died on this date
Charles Lot Church, 87
. U.S.-born Nova Scotian politician. Mr. Church, a native of New England, represented Lunenburg County in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1820-1830.

120 years ago
1894


Movies
The first ever commercial motion picture house opened in New York City using ten Kinetoscopes (devices for peep-show viewing of films).

100 years ago
1914


Died on this date
Hubert Bland, 59
. U.K. activist. Mr. Bland co-founded the Fabian Society, promoting the introduction of socialism into soceity through gradual means. He died of a heart attack.

75 years ago
1939


Literature
John Steinbeck's novel The Grapes of Wrath was first published by Viking Press.

70 years ago
1944


Radio
CBS received the 1944 award of the Socieda Gombasta Panamericana for its contributions to hemispheric solidarity through its Latin American network.

Movies
Mrs. Helen G. Carlisle filed suit for $300,000 in damages, accusing Warner Brothers Pictures of pirating the picture Princess O'Rourke (1943) from a novelette that she had written.

War
Only a 1,000-square-mile area at the southern end of the Crimean Peninsula was reported to still be in German hands. A Japanese force reached the Bishenpur-Silchar trail southwest of Imphal, threatening to cut the last land supply line to the capital of the Indian state of Manipur. Turkish Foreign Minister Numan Menemencioglu said, "We will, in the general direction of our foreign policy, aid the Allies to the limit of our material possibilities." U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox said that the court martial of Lieutenant General Walter Short and Admiral Husband Kimmel for their role in the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii would not be held at this time.

Politics and government
In forming a new government-in-exile, Greek Prime Minister Sofoklis Venizelos took the war, navy, air, and justice portfolios. Social-Democratic Party leader George Papandreou, who had escaped from German imprisonment in Athens, arrived in Cairo to serve in Mr. Venizelos' cabinet.

Economics and finance
U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes proposed that government-owned war plants be turned over to veterans to be operated in competition with private industry after World War II.

Disasters
A massive explosion in Bombay harbour killed 300 and caused economic damage valued then at 20 million pounds.

50 years ago
1964


On television tonight
The Fugitive, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Storm Center, with guest stars Bethel Leslie and Dennis Patrick

Died on this date
Rachel Carson, 56
. U.S. marine biologist and author. Miss Carson was best known for her books The Sea Around Us (1951) and Silent Spring (1962), the latter of which was credited for inspiring the conservation and environmental movements in the United States. She died of a heart attack after a long battle with cancer.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 4 @ Toronto 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Larry Jeffrey took a perfect pass from Gordie Howe and scored at 7:52 of the 1st overtime period to give the Red Wings the win over the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens.

40 years ago
1974


Disasters
At least 100 people were feared dead after two motor launches collided on the Rupsa River in Bangladesh.

Golf
Gary Player won the Masters Tournament at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia shooting a 2-under par 70 in the final round to finish with a 10-under total of 278, 2 strokes ahead of Dave Stockton and Tom Weiskopf. It was the second time that Mr. Player had won the Masters, with his previous victory coming in 1961. Maurice Bembridge had the best score in the final round, making 8 birdies and tying the course record with an 8-under par score of 64; he finished tied with Hubert Green for ninth, five strokes behind Mr. Player. First prize money was $35,000.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
East Division
Boston 4 @ Toronto 3 (OT) (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Montreal 4 @ New York Rangers 6 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

West Division
Philadelphia 4 @ Atlanta 3 (OT) (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Chicago 1 @ Los Angeles 5 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Ken Hodge deflected a Carol Vadnais shot for his second goal of the game at 1:27 of the 1st overtime period to give the Bruins the win over the Maple Leafs before 16,485 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens. Terry O'Reilly and Bobby Orr also scored for Boston. Ron Ellis, Norm Ullman, and Inge Hammarstrom scored for Toronto, with Mr. Hammarstrom scoring with just 1:17 left in regulation time to send the game into overtime. Paul Henderson assisted on the goals by Messrs. Ellis and Hammarstrom in what turned out to be his last game as a Maple Leaf.

Bruce MacGregor scored with 4:54 remaining in regulation time and assisted on Pete Stemkowski's goal into an empty net with 42 seconds remaining as the Rangers defeated the Canadiens before 17,500 fans at Madison Square Garden. Ted Irvine scored twice for New York, with Ron Harris and Rod Gilbert also scoring. Steve Shutt, Pete Mahovlich, Frank Mahovlich, and Serge Savard scored for Montreal.

Dave Schultz scored at 5:40 of the 1st overtime period to give the Flyers their win over the Flames before 15,141 fans at the Omni. Atlanta took a 3-0 lead on goals by Larry Romanchych in the 1st period and Jean Lemieux and Rey Comeau in the 2nd period, but Andre Dupont scored for Philadelphia in the 2nd period and Gary Dornhoefer and Tom Bladon scored for the Flyers in the 3rd period. Bernie Parent stopped 23 of 26 shots in the Philadelphia goal while Atlanta goalie Phil Myre stopped 35 of 39 shots.

Juha Widing scored at 3:24 of the 3rd period to break a 1-1 tie and Tom Williams followed with a pure hat trick as the Kings erupted to avert elimination against the Black Hawks before 12,912 fans at the Forum in Inglewood, California. Dennis Hull opened the scoring for Chicago 3:07 into the game and Gene Carr tied the game for the Kings in the 2nd period. Gary Edwards, playing the first Stanley Cup game of his 3-year NHL career, made 22 saves to win the goaltending duel over rookie Mike Veisor, who was playing his first playoff game, as Tony Esposito took a rare night off.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
East Division
New England 2 @ Chicago 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

West Division
Winnipeg 4 @ Houston 5 (Houston won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Edmonton 4 @ Minnesota 5 (Minnesota won best-of-seven series 4-1)

John French scored at 1:54 of the 3rd period and Rick Ley scored at 12:04 as the defending champion Whalers averted elimination against the Cougars before 4,253 fans at Chicago International Amphitheatre. Al Smith made 31 saves to get the shutout, whil Chicago goalie Cam Newton made 29 saves.

Mark Howe's goal at 6:33 of the 3rd period proved to be the winner as the Aeros held off a late rally to eliminate the Jets before 8,474 fans at Sam Houston Arena. John Schella and Larry Hale scored in the 1st period to give Houston a 2-0 lead, and Murray Hall and Ted Taylor scored in the 2nd period to make it 4-0. Chris Bordeleau scored with 1:19 remaining in the 2nd period to get the Jets on the scoreboard, and scored at 2:26 of the 3rd period to make it 4-2. Mr. Howe's goal gave the Aeros a 5-2 lead, but Norm Beaudin scored at 8:57 and Bobby Hull at 13:52, with Mr. Bordeleau assisting on both. Don McLeod was the winning goalie despite giving up 4 goals on just 26 shots, while Frank Blum, playing his second game in as many nights, stopped 25 of 30 shots in the Winnipeg goal. Mr. Blum, the Toronto Toros' third-string goalie, had been obtained on loan from the Toros in time for game 3 on an emergency basis when regulars Ernie Wakely and Joe Daley had both fallen ill with pneumonia. Mr. Blum never played another WHA game.

Mike Walton scored 3 goals, with his third, at 4:32 of the 3rd period, holding up as the winner, as the Fighting Saints held off a late rally to eliminate the Oilers before 10,764 fans at St. Paul Civic Arena. Mr. Walton scored twice to give Minnesota a 2-0 lead after the 1st period. The teams exchanged two goals each in the 2nd period, with Ken Baird and Eddie Joyal scoring for Edmonton and George Morrison and Wayne Connelly scoring for Minnesota. After Mr. Walton completed his hat trick, Doug Barrie and Blair McDonald scored for the Oilers, who outshot the Fighting Saints 20-7 in the 3rd period and 40-35 for the game. John Garrett won the goaltending duel over Chris Worthy. It was a disappointing finish for an Edmonton team that had started the season with a record of 13-1 in its first season under coach Brian Shaw.

Basketball
NBA
Semi-Finals
Eastern Conference
New York 88 @ Boston 113 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

John Havlicek led all scorers with 25 points as the Celtics easily beat the defending champion Knickerbockers before 14,101 fans at Boston Garden.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Love of the Common People--Paul Young (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Love Is A Battlefield--Pat Benatar (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Hello--Lionel Richie

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hello--Lionel Richie (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Hello--Lionel Richie (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Footloose--Kenny Loggins (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Footloose--Kenny Loggins (3rd week at #1)
2 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins
3 Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell
4 Eat It--"Weird Al" Yankovic
5 Here Comes the Rain Again--Eurythmics
6 Jump--Van Halen
7 Hold Me Now--Thompson Twins
8 Automatic--Pointer Sisters
9 Miss Me Blind--Culture Club
10 Hello--Lionel Richie

Singles entering the chart were I'll Wait by Van Halen (#55); Time After Time by Cyndi Lauper (#60); Self Control by Laura Branigan (#82); Wouldn't it Be Good by Nik Kershaw (#84); Blue Light by David Gilmour (#87); Sail Away by the Temptations (#88); and Perfect Combination by Stacy Lattisaw and Johnny Gill (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
2 Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell
3 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins
4 Girls Just Want to Have Fun--Cyndi Lauper
5 Eat It--"Weird Al" Yankovic
6 99 Red Balloons--Nena
7 Jump--Van Halen
8 Miss Me Blind--Culture Club
9 Hold Me Now--Thompson Twins
10 I Want a New Drug--Huey Lewis and the News

Singles entering the chart were Wouldn't it Be Good by Nik Kershaw (#41); Girls by Dwight Twilley (#42); Illegal Alien by Genesis (#44); The Longest Time by Billy Joel (#47); and Don't Answer Me by the Alan Parsons Project (#50).

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff (3rd week at #1)

Economics and finance
U.S. President George Bush announced that he and Congressional leaders had reached an agreement on the framework for the federal budget for the fiscal year of 1990. Their budget projected a deficit of $99.4 billion, just under the mandated limit of $100 billion. There were $8.5 billion projected in increased revenues and $4.7 billion in defense cuts. Domestic spending and interest would be reduced by $9.1 billion. The question of where the $5.3 billion in new tax revenue would be found had yet to be worked out.

The United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S. merchandise trade deficit had risen sharply to $10.5 billion in February. The U.S. Labor Department reported that the producer price index had risen only 0.4% in March after rising a full percentage point in each of the prior two months.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Jos sulla on toinen--Taikapeili (3rd week at #1)

War
In a friendly fire incident during Operation Provide Comfort in northern Iraq, two U.S. Air Force aircraft mistakenly shot down two U.S. Army helicopters, killing 26 people.

Scandal
Executives representing seven major tobacco companies testified before the U.S. House of Representatives Energy and Commerce subcommittee on health and the environment. The executives encountered generally hostile questioning as they stated that they did not believe that cigarettes were addictive and said that they did not know if cigarettes caused or contributed to major illnesses. The executives acknowledged that their companies could control the nicotine content of cigarettes through the blending of different tobbacos, but said that the blending was done to enhance flavour, not to make cigarettes addictive. The executives denied assertions by committee members that the companies were targeting their advertising at young people.

Politics and government
South African President F.W. de Klerk and his leading challenger for the presidency, Nelson Mandela, engaged in a pre-election debate that was broadcast on television and radio.

10 years ago
2004


Terrorism
In its preliminary report, the commission investigating the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States harshly criticized the U.S. intelligence community for failing to follow up on important leads and not making counterterrorism a priority.

Diplomacy
U.S. President George W. Bush endorsed Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's strategy of unilaterally separating from Palestinians in the West Bank.

Saturday, April 12, 2014

April 13, 2014

1,200 years ago
814


Died on this date
Krum
. Khan of Bulgaria, 803-814. Krum the Fearsome succeeded Kardam as Khan. Krum instituted the first known written Bulgarian law code, which protected the poor and punished drinking, slander, and robbery. Krum was succeeded as Khan by Omurtag.

810 years ago
1204


World events
Constantinople fell to the Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade, temporarily ending the Byzantine Empire.

100 years ago
1914


Baseball
On the first day of regular season play in the new Federal League, Jack Quinn was the winning pitcher as the Baltimore Terrapins edged the Buffalo Blues 3-2 before 27,140 fans at Terrapin Park.

75 years ago
1939


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 2 @ Toronto 0 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-1)

70 years ago
1944


War
Soviet forces captured the Crimean capital of Simferopol and the ports of Feodosia and Yevpatoria. Australian forces occupied Bogadjim on the north coast of New Guinea and made contact with enemy patrols along the road to the larger base of Madang.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. and New Zealand agreed to establish diplomatic relations and exchange ambassadors.

Politics and government
Judge Delbert Metzger rejected the testimony of U.S. Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz and U.S. Army Lieutenant General Robert Richardson that martial law was still necessary, and ruled that military government in Hawaii was invalid.

U.S. Senator Burnet Maybank (Democrat--South Carolina) said that southern states would resist the U.S. Supreme Court ruling opening primary elections to Negroes.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Chicago 4 @ Montreal 5 (OT) (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Toe Blake's goal at 9:12 of the 1st overtime period gave the Canadiens their win over the Black Hawks at the Montreal Forum and their first Stanley Cup championship in 13 years.

60 years ago
1954


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Operation: Barracuda, starring Frank Marth, Otto Preminger, and Dana Wynter

Died on this date
Angus L. Macdonald, 63
. Canadian politician. Mr. Macdonald, a Liberal, was Premier of Nova Scotia from 1933-1940 and 1945-1954. He served as Minister of National Defence for Naval Services from 1940-1945 in the government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King, overseeing the growth of the Royal Canadian Navy during World War II. Mr. Macdonald returned to provincial politics in 1945, and, while still Premier, died two days after suffering a heart attack.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 1 @ Montreal 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Floyd Curry scored twice and Maurice "Rocket" Richard and Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion also scored as the Canadiens defeated the Red Wings at the Montreal Forum. Gerry McNeil won the goaltending duel over Terry Sawchuk.

50 years ago
1964


On television tonight
The Outer Limits, on ABC
Tonight's episode: A Feasibility Study, starring Sam Wanamaker, Phyllis Love, David Opatoshu, and Joyce Van Patten

Movies
The Academy Awards for 1963 were presented. Tom Jones was named Best Picture, with its director, Tony Richardson, also winning. Sidney Poitier became the first Negro to win the award for Best Actor for his performance in Lilies of the Field. Patricia Neal was named Best Actress for her performance in Hud, and Melvyn Douglas won for his supporting performance in the same movie. Margaret Rutherford won for her supporting performance in The V.I.P.s. The best original song was Call Me Irresponsible from Papa's Delicate Condition.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Tiger Feet--Mud (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 My Coo Ca Choo--Alvin Stardust (3rd week at #1)
2 Farewell Aunty Jack--Grahame Bond
3 The Lord's Prayer--Sister Janet Mead
4 Sorrow--David Bowie
5 I Love You Love Me Love--Gary Glitter
6 Daytona Demon--Suzi Quatro
7 The Joker--Steve Miller Band
8 Goodbye Yellow Brick Road--Elton John
9 Eye Level--Simon Park Orchestra
10 Heartbeat - It's a Lovebeat--DeFranco Family

Singles entering the chart were Seasons in the Sun by Terry Jacks (#19); Ships in the Night by Vicki Lawrence (#27); Teenage Rampage by Sweet (#32); and Rocky Mountain Way by Joe Walsh (#40).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bennie and the Jets--Elton John

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bennie and the Jets--Elton John
2 Hooked on a Feeling--Blue Swede
3 TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)--MFSB featuring the Three Degrees
4 Best Thing that Ever Happened to Me--Gladys Knight and the Pips
5 The Lord's Prayer--Sister Janet Mead
6 Sunshine on My Shoulders--John Denver
7 Come and Get Your Love--Redbone
8 A Very Special Love Song--Charlie Rich
9 Oh My My--Ringo Starr
10 Lookin' for a Love--Bobby Womack

Singles entering the chart were Band on the Run by Paul McCartney & Wings (#76); My Girl Bill by Jim Stafford (#80); The Streak by Ray Stevens (#85); Sundown by Gordon Lightfoot (#89); Satisfaction Guaranteed (Or Take Your Love Back) by Harold Melvin & the Bluenotes (#92); La Grange by ZZ Top (#93); Billy, Don't Be a Hero by Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods (#95); The Same Love that Made Me Laugh by Bill Withers (#96); Can You Handle It? by Graham Central Station (#97); Hollywood Swinging by Kool & The Gang (#99); and Be Thankful for What You Got by William DeVaughn (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Bennie and the Jets--Elton John
2 Hooked on a Feeling--Blue Swede
3 Mockingbird--Carly Simon and James Taylor
4 The Lord's Prayer--Sister Janet Mead
5 Dark Lady--Cher
6 Sunshine on My Shoulders--John Denver
7 I'll Have to Say I Love You in a Song--Jim Croce
8 A Very Special Love Song--Charlie Rich
9 Eres Tu (Touch the Wind)--Mocedades
10 Star Baby--Guess Who

Singles entering the chart included Loving Arms by Kris Kristofferson and Rita Coolidge (#83); One Hell of a Woman by Mac Davis (#86); Daybreak by Nilsson (#88); I'm in Love by Aretha Franklin (#90); Traveling Boy by Garfunkel (#92); Another Park, Another Sunday by the Doobie Brothers (#93); Mighty Mighty by Earth, Wiind & Fire (#94); Lady by Danny McBride (#97); Keep it in the Family by Leon Heywood (#98); and Put a Little Love Away by the Emotions (#99).

Calgary's top 10
1 Hooked on a Feeling--Blue Swede
2 The Lord's Prayer--Sister Janet Mead
3 Jet--Paul McCartney & Wings
4 Bennie and the Jets--Elton John
5 Let it Ride--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
6 Keep on Singing--Helen Reddy
7 Rock and Roll, Hoochie Koo--Rick Derringer
8 The Show Must Go On--Three Dog Night
9 Sunshine on My Shoulders--John Denver
10 Jungle Boogie--Kool & The Gang
Pick hit of the week: I'll Have to Say I Love You in a Song--Jim Croce

Space
Western Union (in cooperation with NASA and Hughes Aircraft) launched Westar 1, the U.S.A.'s first commercial geosynchronous communications satellite.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
East Division
Boston 6 @ Toronto 3 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Montreal 4 @ New York Rangers 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

West Division
Chicago 1 @ Los Angeles 0 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Gregg Sheppard scored 2 goals and an assist in the 2nd period as the Bruins defeated the Maple Leafs before 16,485 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens. Andre Savard, Johnny Bucyk, Wayne Cashman, and Bobby Schmautz also scored for Boston. Bob Neely, Darryl Sittler, and Eddie Shack scored for Toronto. Boston goalie Gilles Gilbert stopped 45 of 48 shots, while Ed Johnston, playing his first playoff game of the season, gave up 6 goals on 30 shots.

Pete Mahovlich, Steve Shutt, and Yvan Cournoyer scored in the 1st period and Mr. Cournoyer scored another goal in the 2nd period as the Canadiens took a 4-0 lead and held on to defeat the Rangers before 17,500 fans at Madison Square Garden. Pete Stemkowski and Jean Ratelle scored for New York in the 3rd period. Bunny Larocque won the goaltending duel over Ed Giacomin and assisted on the first goal of the game.

Germain Gagnon's goal just 40 seconds into the game was the only score as the Black Hawks edged the Kings before 15,505 fans at the Forum in Inglewood, California in the Kings' first home playoff game in six years. Chicago goalie Tony Esposito stopped all 32 shots that he faced, while the Black Hawks had an unbelievably low total of just 10 shots--just 1 in the 2nd period and 2 in the 3rd--on Los Angeles goalie Rogie Vachon.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
East Division
Toronto 2 @ Cleveland 3 (OT) (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-1)

West Division
Winnipeg 1 @ Houston 10 (Houston led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Wayne Muloin's goal at 4:17 of the 1st overtime period enabled the Crusaders to avert elimination as they edged the Toros before 8,212 fans at Cleveland Arena. Russ Walker and Ron Ward scored for Cleveland in the 2nd period, while Brian Gibbons scored for Toronto in the 1st period and Tom Martin scored with 4:55 remaining in regulation time to tie the game. Gerry Cheevers won the goaltending duel over Gilles Gratton.

Larry Lund scored 2 goals in each of the 1st and 3rd periods and added 2 assists as the Aeros routed the Jets before 9,462 fans at Sam Houston Arena. Frank Hughes added 2 goals, while Gordie Howe, Gord Labossiere, Ted Taylor, and Don Grierson also scored for Houston. Chris Bordeleau scored the only Winnipeg goal in the 2nd period. Don McLeod made 30 saves in goal for the Aeros. Regular Winnipeg goalies Ernie Wakely and Joe Daley were both incapacitated by pneumonia, so the Toronto Toros lent their third-string goalie Frank Blum to the Jets on an emergency basis. Mr. Blum arrived in Houston expecting to dress as a backup, and was surprised to find out that he would be playing that night. He played the entire game, facing 44 shots.

Basketball
NBA
Quarter-Finals
Western Conference
Detroit 94 @ Chicago 96 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-3)

ABA
Semi-Finals
Eastern Division
Kentucky 106 @ New York 119 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Western Division
Indiana 96 @ Utah 105 (Utah led best-of-seven series 1-0)

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): 99 Luftballons--Nena

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Big in Japan--Alphaville (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Richard Hurndall, 73
. U.K. actor. Mr. Hurndall appeared in numerous British radio and television programs. He played Sherlock Holmes in a five-part adaptation of The Sign of Four that aired on BBC from May 17-June 14, 1959.

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Challenger and its five-man crew landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California to conclude mission STS-41-C (STS-13).

World events
India moved into Siachen Glacier, thus annexing more territory from the Line of Control (the military control line between the Indian and Pakistani-controlled parts of Jammu and Kashmir).

Crime
Six members of the Ku Klux Klan and three members of the American Nazi Party were acquitted by an all-white jury in a U.S. federal district court in Winston-Salem, North Carolina of federal civil rights charges arising from the deaths of five people--four white men and a Negro woman, all members of the Communist Workers Party--in Greensboro, N.C. on November 3, 1979. The five had been killed at a "Death to the Klan" rally. Five of the defendants had also been acquitted of state murder and rioting charges in 1980. The government claimed that the defendants had gone to the rally to provoke a fight and that they had fired the first 11 shots in the subsequent outburst of violence. Defense lawyers argued that the defendants had gone to the rally because of their patriotic, anti-Communist feelings and that they had been provoked by the other side. The prosecution was required to prove that the defendants had been motivated by racial hatred.

Defense
U.S. President Ronald Reagan invoked emergency powers under the Arms Expert Control Act to give El Salvador an additional $332 million in military aid.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate approved a three-year $47 billion tax bill, slightly smaller than the $49.2 billion in new taxes previously approved by the House of Representatives. The Senate bill would reduce spending by $14.8 billion.

U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Margaret Heckler announced that the administration of President Ronald Reagan was dropping its controversial program of reviewing Social Security disability rolls to verify that recipients were eligible, and that the suspension would remain in effect until new didability legislation was enacted.

Baseball
Pete Rose of the Montreal Expos doubled to right field against Jerry Koosman of the Philadelphia Phillies at Olympic Stadium in Montreal for the 4,000th hit of his major league career, joining Ty Cobb as the only players to accomplish the feat.

25 years ago
1989


War
At least 6 Palestinians were killed in an Israeli raid on the West Bank village of Nahalin.

Scandal
The Wall Street securities firm Drexel Burnham Lambert Inc. settled civil charges brought against it by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Under the settlement, DBL would be under probation for three years; would pay a fine of $15 million; would put $350 million in a fund for those injured by its violations; would dismiss junk-bond "king" Michael Milken; and would appoint or elect leaders acceptable to the SEC. DBL had previously pleaded guilty to criminal charges.

20 years ago
1994


Terrorism
A Palestinian suicide bomber detonated explosives in a bus station in Hadera, Israel, killing 5 Israelis and wounding about 30 others.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the index of consumer prices had risen 0.3% in March.

10 years ago
2004


Diplomacy
Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon arrived in the United States.

Terrorism
Thomas Kean, chairman of the commission investigating the September 11, 2001 attacksa against the United States, said that the Federal Bureau of Investigation "is an agency that does not work." Former FBI acting Director Thomas Pickard testified that Attorney General John Ashcroft failed to make counterterrorism a priority for the FBI and that Mr. Ashcroft had told him that he did not want to hear briefings about terrorist threats. Mr. Ashcroft denied making such statements.

Defense
Abdul Qadeer Khan, a Pakistani scientist who had confessed to selling nuclear technology to North Korea in February, reported that North Korea possessed nuclear weapons, and that he had personally seen three such devices in a North Korean nuclaer plant five years earlier.

Baseball
Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hit his 661st home run, passing Willie Mays to move into third place on the major league career list behind Hank Aaron (755) and Babe Ruth (714).

Friday, April 11, 2014

April 12, 2014

150 years ago
1864


Abominations
Confederate forces in the U.S. Civil War commanded by Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest massacred most of the Negro Union Army soldiers who surrendered at Fort Pillow, Tennessee.

80 years ago
1934


Weather
The strongest surface wind gust in the world, at 231 miles per hour, was measured on the summit of Mount Washington, New Hampshire.

Labour
The U.S. Auto-Lite Strike began in Toledo, Ohio. It lasted almost two months, culminating in a five-day melee in May between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.

70 years ago
1944


War
Allied counterattacks relieved Japanese pressure on the city of Kohima in the Indian state of Manipur.

Politics and government
King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy announced that he would "irrevocably" withdraw from public affairs in favour of his son Crown Prince Humbert on the day that Allied troops would enter Rome.

Economics and finance
The U.S. National Industrial Conference Board released a report on the cost of living, putting the rise at 20.8% since 1941.

Labour
An estimated 1,000 employees at a Montgomery Ward & Company Congress of Industrial Organizations union went on strike in Chicago against the company's refusal to accept a U.S. National War Labor Board order to recognize the union.

60 years ago
1954


Music
Bill Haley and the Comets were at the Pythian Temple studios in New York City to record two songs for Decca Records: Thirteen Women (And Only One Man in Town) and (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock. The session, scheduled for three hours, went 40 minutes over the scheduled time, keeping Sammy Davis, Jr. waiting for his recording session to begin.

Golf
Sam Snead defeated defending champion Ben Hogan by 1 stroke in an 18-hole playoff to win the Masters Tournament at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Syracuse 80 @ Minneapolis 87 (Minneapolis won best-of-seven series 4-3)

The Lakers defeated the Nationals to win their third straight championship and fifth in franchise history, all under coach John Kundla. Minnesota's star center George Mikan retired after the game, but tried a comeback two years later. It was the last NBA game to be played before the introduction of the 24-second shot clock.

50 years ago
1964


Space
The Gemini 1 spacecraft fell out of Earth orbit and burned up on re-entry into the atmosphere, almost four days after its 4 hour and 50 minute mission had ended. The capsule was not intended to be recovered, and holes had been drilled in the heat shield to make sure it didn't survive re-entry.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Air That I Breathe--The Hollies

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): This Flight Tonight--Nazareth

War
Israeli forces raided several border towns in southern Lebanon, attacking homes allegedly belonging to Arab guerrilla sympathizers. The attacks were in reprisal for the previous day's attack by guerrillas with the Lebanese-based Marxist Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine on a four-storey apartment building in the Israeli border town of Qiryat Shemona that had killed 18 people, mainly women and children.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-finals
Philadelphia 4 @ Atlanta 1 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Don Saleski and Bobby Clarke scored in the 1st period and Rick MacLeish and Bill Barber scored in the 2nd and 3rd periods, respectively, as the Flyers defeated the Flames before 15,141 fans at the Omni in the first Stanley Cup game ever played in Atlanta. Bernie Parent made 27 saves in winning the goaltending duel over Dan Bouchard. Mr. Bouchard made 22 saves in his first Stanley Cup game, but assaulted referee Dave Newell and linesman Neil Armstrong, and was not suspended by the league.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
East Division
Chicago 4 @ New England 2 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Toronto 4 @ Cleveland 2 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-0)

West Division
Minnesota 1 @ Edmonton 2 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Duke Harris scored the game's first 2 goals and Larry Mavety and Bob Sicinski also scored as the Cougars beat the Whalers before 5,513 fans at Boston Arena.

Gavin Kirk scored in the 1st period and Rick Sentes added 3 goals in the 2nd period as the Toros defeated the Crusaders before 7,991 fans at Cleveland Arena. Ron Morgan scored his first WHA goal for the Crusaders in the 2nd period.

Val Fonteyne scored in the 2nd period and Eddie Joyal scored at 7:06 of the 3rd period as the Oilers held on to avert elimination be edging the Fighting Saints before 5,200 fans in the second and last Avco World Trophy playoff game to be played at Edmonton Gardens. Wayne Connelly scored with 38 seconds remaining in regulation time to break up Chris Worthy's bid for a shutout in goal for the Oilers. Mike Curran stopped 34 of 36 shots in goal for Minnesota, while Mr. Worthy made 24 saves for Edmonton.

Basketball
NBA
Quarter-Finals
Eastern Conference
Boston 106 @ Buffalo 104 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Capital 81 @ New York 91 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-3)

ABA
Quarter-Finals
Western Division
San Antonio 79 @ Indiana 86 (Indiana won best-of-seven series 4-3

30 years ago
1984


Space
The crew of U.S. space shuttle Challenger mission STS-41-C (STS-13) returned the Solar Maximum Mission satellite to orbit, after effecting repairs to its sensors.

Defense
The United States House of Representatives voted 281-111 in a non-binding resolution to condemn U.S. participation in the mining of harbours in Nicaragua. The Senate had adopted a similar resolution two days earlier.

Labour
U.K. National Union of Mineworkers leader Arthur Scargill ruled out the possibility of a national ballot of coal miners on whether to continue their five-week-old strike.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Like a Prayer--Madonna (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Sugar Ray Robinson, 67
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Robinson, born Walker Smith, Jr., was world welterweight champion (1946-1951) and world middleweight champion (1951; 1951-1952; 1955-1957; 1957; 1958-1960). He was considered by many to be the best "pound-for-pound" fighter in history, and was the first to travel with an entourage of hangers-on. Mr. Robinson compiled a professional record of 173-19-6-2, with 108 knockouts, in a career spanning the years 1940-1965, with time out for service in the U.S. Army in 1943-1944 and a retirement from 1952-1955, when he attempted a performing career.

Abbie Hoffman, 52. U.S. activist. Mr. Hoffman co-founded the Youth International Party, popularly known as "Yippies." He was a prominent protester against the Vietnam War, and was one of the "Chicago Seven" who were tried in connection with activities at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Mr. Hoffman was a fugitive for several years in the 1970s, but returned to a life of public protest that ended when he committed suicide with an overdose of pills washed down with liquor.

20 years ago
1994


Communications
Canter & Siegel posted the first commercial mass Usenet spam.

Diplomacy
An agreement reached in Cairo provided that 9,000 Palestinian police--most to be drawn from Palestinian forces based in Jordan--would be stationed in Jericho and the Gaza Strip after the Israeli military withdrawal. Israel agreed to release 5,000 of 8,500 Palestinian prisoners that it held.

Politics and government
Former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and former U.K. Foreign Secretary Lord Carrington arrived in Johannesburg with other negotiators seeking to resolve the impasse over the participation of the Zulu-based Inkatha Freedom Party in South Africa's first general-suffrage elections, scheduled for April 26-28. Zulu Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi was opposed to Zulu participation in the elections.

War
United Nations aid workers reported that Serb attacks on the Bosnian Muslim city of Gorazde had caused almost 1,000 casualties.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that an index of prices charged by producers for finished goods had risen 0.1% to 56.7% in March.

10 years ago
2004


Diplomacy
Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon announced that he planned to keep five West Bank settlements under Israeli control as part of his proposal to unilaterally separate from Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.

Baseball
Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hit his 660th major league home run to tie Willie Mays for third on the career list, behind Hank Aaron (755) and Babe Ruth (714).

April 11, 2014

325 years ago
1689


Britannica
William III and Mary II were crowned at Westminster as joint sovereigns.

200 years ago
1814


War
The Treaty of Fontainebleau ended the War of the Sixth Coalition against French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, and forced him to abdicate unconditionally for the first time.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Norman McLaren
. U.K.-born-Canadian animator. Mr. McLaren worked in the United Kingdom and New York before moving to Canada in 1941, where he became known for his work with the National Film Board of Canada. His film Neighbours (1952) won an Academy Award. Mr. McLaren died on January 27, 1987 at the age of 72.

Robert Stanfield. Canadian politician. Mr. Stanfield, a Progressive Conservative, was Premier of Nova Scotia from 1956-1967 before he resigned to enter federal politics, serving as leader of the national Progressive Conservative party from 1967-1976. He led the party through election campaigns in 1968, 1972, and 1974, but failed to unseat the Liberal government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. The PCs almost defeated the Liberals in 1972, winning 107 seats to 109 for the Liberals, but the Liberals were able to win the support of the New Democratic Party to remain in power. By all accounts Mr. Stanfield was a decent man, but he wasn't really a conservative, and agreed with the Liberals on such divisive issues as official bilingualism, which is a major reason he never led his party to victory in a federal election. He died on December 16, 2003 at the age of 89.

75 years ago
1939


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 3 @ Toronto 1 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)

70 years ago
1944


Literature
Dodd Mead & Company and Redbook magazine announced that Dorothea Cornwell was the winner of their joint fiction prize of $10,000 for her novel They Dare Not Go A' Hunting.

War
German reinforcements broke into the Soviet ring around Nazi forces in the Skala region and joined their comrades. Japanese troops wung around north of Kohima in the Indian state of Manipur in an effort to encircle the city.

Politics and government
Hungarian exiles in England formed a government under the leadership of former President Count Michael Karolyi.

Diplomacy
U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace announced plans to visit China in the late spring or early summer as a representative of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Disasters
34 people were killed and more than 100 injured in a tornado that caused heavy damage at several points in Arkansas.

60 years ago
1954


Died on this date
Paul Specht, 59
. U.S. bandleader. Mr. Specht's band was popular in the 1920s, and played at the inauguration of Herbert Hoover as President of the United States on March 4, 1929.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 1 @ Detroit 0 (OT) (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Ken Mosdell scored on a backhand shot at 5:45 of overtime as the defending Stanley Cup champion Canadiens averted elimination by edging the Red Wings at Olympia Stadium. Gerry McNeil, who had lost his job to rookie Jacques Plante, was reinserted in goal for Montreal by coach Dick Irvin, and won a brilliant goaltending duel over Terry Sawchuk.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Syracuse 65 @ Minneapolis 63 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Roll Over Beethoven/Hold Me Tight--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: A Présent Tu Peux T'en Aller--Richard Anthony (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Una lacrima sul viso--Bobby Solo (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): I Want to Hold Your Hand--The Beatles (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles
2 Twist and Shout--The Beatles
3 She Loves You--The Beatles
4 I Want to Hold Your Hand--The Beatles
5 Hello, Dolly!--Louis Armstrong
6 Suspicion--Terry Stafford
7 Please Please Me--The Beatles
8 Glad All Over--The Dave Clark Five
9 The Shoop Shoop Song (It’s In His Kiss)--Betty Everett
10 Don't Let the Rain Come Down (Crooked Little Man)--The Serendipity Singers

Singles entering the chart were Ronnie by the 4 Seasons (#64); Slip-In Mules (No High Heel Sneakers) by Sugar Pie DeSanto (#72); Charade by Sammy Kaye and his Orchestra (#77); Kiss Me Sailor by Diane Renay (#79); It's Over by Roy Orbison (#80); In My Lonely Room by Martha and the Vandellas (#81); Cotton Candy by Al Hirt (#85); I Don't Want to Be Hurt Anymore by Nat King Cole (#86); (The Best Part Of) Breakin' Up by the Ronettes (#87); Come to Me by Otis Redding (#92); Loving You More Every Day by Etta James (#96); People by Barbra Streisand (#97); Where Are You by the Duprees (#98); Soul Serenade by King Curtis (#99); and Wrong for Each Other by Andy Williams (#100).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 2 @ Toronto 3 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Bob Pulford scored shorthanded with 2 seconds remaining in regulation time as the Maple Leafs edged the Red Wings at Maple Leaf Gardens. Toronto defenseman Allan Stanley was in the penalty box, but two Detroit players allowed the puck to slip between them on the powerplay, and Mr. Pulford took it and raced the length of the ice to put it past Detroit goalie Terry Sawchuk.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Cross Your Heart--Tina (3rd week at #1)

Terrorism
Three Arab guerrillas attacked a four-storey residential building in the Israeli border town of Qiryat Shemona, killing 18 people, mostly women and children. The Lebanese-based Marxist Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine claeimed responsibility for the raid, which was aimed at sabotaging upcoming Middle East peace negotiations in Geneva.

Crime
Former U.S. United Mine Workers president Tony Boyle was convicted of ordering the December 1969 murders of his reformist rival Jock Yablonski and Mr. Yablonski's wife and daughter. The convictions carried an automatic sentence of life in prison.

Scandal
The U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee issued a subpoena for tapes of 42 White House conversations related to the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
East Division
Toronto 3 @ Boston 6 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)
New York Rangers 1 @ Montreal 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

West Division
Atlanta 1 @ Philadelphia 5 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Los Angeles 1 @ Chicago 4 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Ken Hodge, Bobby Schmautz, Johnny Bucyk, Wayne Cashman, Phil Esposito, and Gregg Sheppard each scored for the Bruins as they defeated the Maple Leafs before 15,003 fans at Boston Garden. Ron Ellis, Dave Keon, and Darryl Sittler scored for Toronto. The game was tied 2-2 after the 1st period and the Bruins led 4-3 after the 2nd period.

Bruce MacGregor scored in the 1st period to give the Rangers the lead, but Steve Shutt scored in the 2nd period to tie the game, and Yvan Cournoyer scored a pure hat trick--1 goal in the 2nd period and 2 more in the 3rd--as the Canadiens evened their series before 16,790 fans at the Montreal Forum. Bunny Larocque won the goaltending duel over Ed Giacomin.

Terry Crisp scored in the 1st period, and Rick MacLeish followed with a pure hat trick in the 2nd period as the Flyers beat the Flames before 17,007 fans at the Spectrum. Rey Comeau broke up Bernie Parent's bid for a shutout at 1:31 of the 3rd period, and Jim Watson scored the final Philadelphia goal later in the period.

Stan Mikita's goal with 1:47 remaining in the 2nd period broke a 1-1 tie as the Black Hawks defeated the Kings before 16,666 fans at Chicago Stadium. Dick Redmond, Bobby Hull, and Jim Pappin also scored for Chicago, while Bob Nevin scored for Los Angeles.

Basketball
NBA
Quarter-Finals
Western Conference
Chicago 88 @ Detroit 92 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

30 years ago
1984


Politics and government
Konstantin Chernenko, general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, was named Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (in effect, President) of the U.S.S.R. in a unanimous vote of the Supreme Soviet. Mr.Chernenko was nominated for the title by Mikhail Gorbachev, who, at 53, was the youngest member of the Politburo, prompting speculation that he was in line to succeed Mr. Chernenko as the next Soviet leader.

25 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Birthday Boy

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Ron Hextall of the Philadelphia Flyers became the first goalie to score a goal in a playoff game when he scored shorthanded into an empty net in an 8-5 victory over the Washington Capitals in a first-round game at the Capital Center in Landover, Maryland.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 The Sign--Ace of Base (4th week at #1)
2 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
3 Mr. Jones--Counting Crows
4 Return to Innocence--Enigma
5 Without You--Mariah Carey
6 Swimming in Your Ocean--Crash Test Dummies
7 Love Sneakin' Up on You--Bonnie Raitt
8 Hasn't Hit Me Yet--Blue Rodeo
9 Now and Forever--Richard Marx
10 Because of Love--Janet Jackson

Singles entering the chart were You Mean the World to Me by Toni Braxton (#80); The Most Beautiful Girl in the World by The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (#88); Beautiful in My Eyes by Joshua Kadison (#89); She Don't Let Nobody by Chaka Demus & the Pliers (#90); and In the Wink of an Eye by the Barra MacNeils (#91).

War
After Serbs in Bosnia had attacked the Muslim enclave of Gorazde, bombs from two U.S. planes destroyed a Serb tank and two armoured personnel carriers. The Serbs then halted their shelling of Gorazde.

Thursday, April 10, 2014

April 10, 2014

110 years ago
1904


Died on this date
Isabell II, 73
. Queen of Spain, 1833-1868. Isabell II succeeded her father King Ferdinand VII on the throne, and became Queen Regnant in 1843. She was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1868, and formally abdicated in 1870. Her son Alfonso XII became King of Spain in 1874.

80 years ago
1934


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 0 @ Chicago 1 (2 OT) (Chicago won best-of-five series 3-1)

Mush March scored at 10:05 of the 2nd overtime period at Chicago Stadium to give the Black Hawks their first Stanley Cup championship. Chicago goalie Chuck Gardiner was the star, earning the shutout for his seventh win in eight playoff games. Sadly, it proved to be the last game for Mr. Gardiner; two months later he was dead of a brain hemmorhage brought on by a tonsillar infection at the age of 29.

70 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Man Who was Hanged

Literature
D.H. Lawrence's novel The First Lady Chatterly was published in New York.

War
Soviet forces captured Odessa, which had been under Nazi control since October 1941. Two small Nazi thrusts were repulsed on the British beachhead south of Rome and by the Italians holding Mount Marrone. The government of Canada announced that Canadian forces would be increased by 98,000 in the next 12 months.

World events
10 army officers were executed as ringleaders of the previous week's abortive revolt in El Salvador.

Diplomacy
Liberia became the 35th member of the proposed United Nations.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Florida's "peonage" law was unconstitutional, holding that "involuntary servitude" could not be enforced "even if voluntarily contracted for."

Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court sustained a National War Labor Board decision finding the Medo Supply Company of New York guilty of unfair practices in dealing individually with employees who abandoned membership in a union.

Medicine
The annual report of the U.S. Foundation for Infantile Paralysis expressed regret at the pubilicity given to the Kenny method for treating polio.

60 years ago
1954


Hit Parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Ebb Tide--Frank Chacksfield and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Wanted--Perry Como (Best Seller--1st week at #1); Make Love to Me--Jo Stafford (Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1; Jukebox--5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Wanted--Perry Como
2 Make Love to Me--Jo Stafford
3 Secret Love--Doris Day
4 Young at Heart--Frank Sinatra
5 I Get So Lonely (When I Dream About You)--The Four Knights
6 Cross Over the Bridge--Patti Page
7 Answer Me, My Love--Nat "King" Cole
8 Stranger in Paradise--Tony Bennett
--The Four Aces
--Tony Martin
9 From the Vine Came the Grape--The Gaylords
--The Hilltoppers
10 Here--Tony Martin

Singles entering the chart were The Man Upstairs by Kay Starr (#22); Easter Parade by Liberace (#44); and I Speak to the Stars by Doris Day (#45).

Died on this date
Auguste Lumière, 91
. French director and producer. Mr. Lumière and his brother Louis (1864-1948) have been credited as the world's first filmmakers. They patented the cinematograph in 1895, which allowed more than one person at a time to view motion pictures.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 2 @ Montreal 0 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Terry Sawchuk posted the shutout in winning the goaltending duel over Jacques Plante as the Red Wings blanked the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Minneapolis 84 @ Syracuse 73 (Minneapolis led best-of-seven series 3-2)

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Love You Because--Jim Reeves (3rd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 All My Loving--The Beatles (5th week at #1)
2 Bits and Pieces--The Dave Clark Five
3 Twist and Shout--The Beatles
4 Kissin' Cousins--Elvis Presley
5 This Boy--The Beatles
6 Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles
7 She Loves You--The Beatles
8 Don't Let the Rain Come Down (Crooked Little Man)--The Serendipity Singers
9 One Minute to One--Rick Nelson
10 Glad All Over--The Dave Clark Five
Pick hit of the week: The Baby Beatle Walk--Al Martin Six
New this week: I'm the Lonely One--Cliff Richard
Murphy the Surfie--The Surfaris
Gonna' Get Along Without You Now--Skeeter Davis
Not Fade Away--The Rolling Stones
Beans, Bacon and Gravy--The Travellers
I Rise, I Fall--Johnny Tillotson

On television tonight
Twilight Zone, hosted by Rod Serling, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Caesar and Me, starring Jackie Cooper and Suzanne Cupito

The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Gentleman Caller, starring Roddy McDowall and Ruth McDevitt

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Tchip Tchip--Cash & Carry (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
Golda Meir resigned as Prime Minister of Israel, bringing down her one-month coalition government. Deep divisions within her Labour Party had come to a head over the April 2 report of an official commission investigating the Yom Kippur war against Egypt and Syria in October 1973, which had blamed Israel's lack of preparedness on the military command and not the government. There was a deadlock within the Labour Party over whether Moshe Dayan should resign as Defense Minister because of setbacks in the early stages of the war, and the deadlock prompted Mrs. Meir to resign. She was succeeded by Shimon Peres.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
East Division
Toronto 0 @ Boston 1 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)
New York Rangers 4 @ Montreal 1 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

West Division
Los Angeles 1 @ Chicago 3 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Gregg Sheppard's goal at 4:22 of the 2nd period was the only score as the Bruins edged the Maple Leafs before 15,003 fans at Boston Garden. Gilles Gilbert made 35 saves to win the goaltending duel over Doug Favell, who made 32 saves.

Steve Vickers and Bruce MacGregor scored in the 1st period, and Dale Rolfe and Brad Park scored in each of the last 2 periods as the Rangers defeated the defending Stanley Cup champion Canadiens before 16,581 fans at the Montreal Forum. Steve Shutt scored for the Canadiens. Ed Giacomin won the goaltending duel over rookie Bunny Larocque, who was playing his first Stanley Cup game.

Gene Carr scored in the 1st period to give the Kings an early lead before 16,666 fans at Chicago Stadium, but Darcy Rota and Dennis Hull scored in the 2nd period, and Stan Mikita scored in the 3rd period, as the Black Hawks defeated the Kings. Tony Esposito won the goaltending duel over Rogie Vachon.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
East Division
New England 1 @ Chicago 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

West Division
Houston 3 @ Winnipeg 2 (Houston led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Minnesota 6 @ Edmonton 2 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Jan Popiel scored the tying goal with 25 seconds remaining in regulation time and Ralph Backstrom scored the winner at 17:45 of the 1st overtime period as the Cougars edged the Whalers before 3,452 fans at Chicago International Amphitheatre. Tim Sheehy had given New England a 1-0 lead at 9:36 of the 3rd period. Cam Newton won the goaltending duel over Al Smith.

Mark Howe and Andre Hinse scored in the 3rd period to break a 1-1 tie as the Aeros edged the Jets before 8,692 fans at Winnipeg Arena. Norm Beaudin gave the Jets a 1-0 lead after the 1st period, and Marty Howe tied it for the Aeros in the 2nd period. Milt Black scored for Winnipeg with 8:21 remaining in regulation time to make the score 3-2. Don McLeod won the goaltending duel over Joe Daley.

Bob MacMillan and Bill Klatt each scored twice, and George Morrison and Wayne Connelly each scored once as the Fighting Saints defeated the Oilers before 4,606 fans in the first Avco World Trophy playoff game ever played at Edmonton Gardens. Al Hamilton and Ross Perkins scored for the Oilers, who outshot the Fighting Saints 41-29. John Garrett was the winning goalie, while Ian Wilkie started for Edmonton before being replaced by Jack Norris.

Basketball
NBA
Quarter-Finals
New York 92 @ Capital 109 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

ABA
Quarter-Finals
Western Conference
Indiana 86 @ San Antonio 102 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): 99 Luftballons--Nena (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
Former U.S. Vice President Walter Mondale won the Pennsylvania primary in the contest for the Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States in the November 1984 election, taking 47% of the vote to 35% for U.S. Senator Gary Hart (Colorado) and 17% for Rev. Jesse Jackson, who captured the majority of votes in Philadelphia.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Like a Prayer--Madonna (5th week at #1)

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen

#1 single in Switzerland: It's Alright--East 17 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Everything Changes--Take That (2nd week at #1)

War
North Atlantic Treaty Organization forces began attacking Serb forces in Bosnia when two U.S. aircraft bombed and destroyed a Serb command post in the first-ever NATO air attack against ground targets.

World events
France reported that its paratroopers had evacuated 525 French expatriates from Rwanda. 800 Belgian paratroopers arrived to evacuate the estimated 1,500 Belgian citizens who had lived there.

Golf
Jose Maria Olazabal won the Masters Tournament at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia, finishing 2 strokes ahead of Tom Lehman. First prize money was $360,000.

10 years ago
2004


Terrorism
The U.S. administration of President George W. Bush released a top secret document, the President's Daily Briefing from August 6, 2001, titled Bin Laden Determined to Attack Inside the United States, which said that members of al-Qaeda had been in the U.S. for several years and were thought to have been conducting surveilance of federal buildings in New York.

Wednesday, April 9, 2014

April 9, 2014

100 years ago
1914


At the movies
The first full-colour dramatic film, The World, The Flesh and the Devil, premiered in London.

War
One of the world's first naval/air skirmishes, part of the Mexican Revolution, took place off Topolobampo, Sinaloa, Mexico. Constitutionalist Captain Gustavo Salinas Camiña, flying a Glenn L. Martin Company biplane, dropped bombs toward Huertista gunboats Guerrero and Morelos. The bombs missed their targets.

75 years ago
1939


Music
Contralto Marian Anderson sang at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. after being denied the right to sing at the Daughters of the American Revolution's Constitution Hall because she was a Negress.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 3 @ Boston 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Doc Romnes scored at 10:38 of the 1st overtime period to give the Maple Leafs the win over the Bruins at Boston Garden.

70 years ago
1944


War
The Soviet Red Army continued its advance in Romania, capturing 200 more localities, mostly between the Prut and Siretul Rivers. Soviet forces took the railroad junction of Sortirovochnaya, moving to within 3 miles of Odessa. Japanese pressure in the Indian state of Manipur continued with patrols infiltrating across the Tiddem Road only 18 miles southwest of Imphal.

Politics and government
The Chicago Tribune backed U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur in the April 11 Illinois primary in the Republican Party contest for President of the United States in the November 1944 election. The Tribune said that a vote for Gen. MacArthur "will be a vote for the return of stalwart Americanism to the White House."

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 3 @ Chicago 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-0)

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I See the Moon--The Stargazers (5th week at #1)

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 3 @ Montreal 1 (Toronto won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Detroit 4 @ Chicago 2 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Dave Keon scored all 3 of his team's goals as he led the Maple Leafs over the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum.

Floyd Smith, Gordie Howe, Alex Delvecchio, and Parker MacDonald scored for the Red Wings as they defeated the Black Hawks at Chicago Stadium to advance to the finals against the defending Stanley Cup champion Maple Leafs for the second straight year.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Quelque chose et moi--Gérard Lenorman (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh signed an agreement settling a three-year dispute on Pakistani prisoners of war taken in the 1971 war between India and Pakistan. All 195 Pakistani POWs facing charges of murder and rape in Bangladesh would be repatriated, and Bangladesh agreed to drop the trials as an "act of clemency." Pakistan also stated that it "condemned and deeply regretted any crimes that may have been committed" by its forces in the war. Pakistan would accept more than the 140,000 members of the Bihari ethnic minority it had initially proposed to receive. India and Pakistan immediately agreed to work out plans to resume communication and travel links as well as trade, economic, and cultural ties.

Baseball
The Houston Astros scored 3 runs in each of the 1st and 2nd innings and coasted to a 9-5 win over the San Diego Padres before 39.083 fans at San Diego Stadium. It was the first home game for the Padres under new owner Ray Kroc, and with the Astros leading 9-2 in the middle of the 8th inning, Mr. Kroc seized the microphone from the public address announcer, and said:

Ladies and gentlemen, I suffer with you...I have good news and bad news. The good news is that the Dodgers drew 31,000 for their opener and we've drawn 39,000 for ours. The bad news is that this is the most stupid baseball playing I've ever seen.

Mr. Kroc's remarks were cheered by the fans, but were frowned upon by the players of both teams. The game also marked the debut of Ted Giannoulas as the Padres' mascot, the San Diego Chicken.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
West Division
Atlanta 1 @ Philadelphia 4 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Orest Kindrachuk scored 2 goals, while Gary Dornhoefer and Tom Bladon also scored as the Flyers defeated the Flames before 17,007 fans at the Spectrum. Bob Murray broke up Bernie Parent's bid for a shutout with 10:31 remaining in regulation time. It was the first playoff game in the 2-year history of the Flames.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
East Division
Cleveland 3 @ Toronto 4 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-0)
New England 6 @ Chicago 8 (New England led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Tom Martin's third goal of the game with 3:11 remaining in regulation time climaxed a 3-goal third-period comeback as the Toros edged the Crusaders before 5,177 fans at Varsity Arena. Wayne Carleton scored the other Toronto goal. Ron Ward, Tom Edur, and Paul Andrea scored for the Crusaders in the 2nd period to give them a 3-1 lead.

The Cougars jumped to a 5-0 lead after the 1st period and held on to defeat the Whalers before 3,125 fans at Chicago International Amphitheatre. Rosaire Paiement and Bob Liddington scored 2 goals each for the Cougars, while Tim Sheehy scored twice for the Whalers.

Basketball
NBA
Quarter-Finals
Eastern Conference
Buffalo 97 @ Boston 100 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Western Conference
Detroit 94 @ Chicago 98 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-2)

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): 99 Luftballons--Nena (2nd week at #1)

Protest
About 100 "flying pickets"--striking miners bussed in from elsewhere--were arrested during violent clashes with police outside working coal mines in Nottingham and Derbyshire, England.

Politics and government
The Canadian House of Commons passed the Canada Health Act, under which provinces allowing extra billing would lose $1 for every $1 collected starting July 1, 1984.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

Protest
In Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, an anti-Soviet peaceful demonstration of 10,000 people at Lenin Square, demanding restoration of Georgian independence, was dispersed by the Soviet Red Army, who used poison gas, resulting in 20 deaths and hundreds of injuries.

A crowd stated to be 300,000, but probably much less, in Washington, D.C., demonstrated in favour of continuation of a woman's right to have an abortion. The protest, organized by the misnamed National Organization for Women, took place in advance of a U.S. Supreme Court decision on the issue.

Curling
Canada, represented by the rink of Pat Ryan of Alberta, defeated Switzerland 5-4 to win the world men's championship.

Golf
Nick Faldo birdied the second hole of a sudden-death playoff against Scott Hoch to win the Masters Tournament at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia. Mr. Hoch had three chances to sink a putt to win the tournament, but failed each time, with the worst failure coming on the first playoff hole, when he missed from 4 feet. Greg Norman bogeyed on the 18th hole of the last round, preventing him from entering the playoff. Former winner Ben Crenshaw also bogeyed on the last hole, falling into a tie with Mr. Norman for third. First prize money was $200,000.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): It's Alright--East 17 (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Without You--Mariah Carey

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bump N' Grind--R. Kelly

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 Without You--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 The Sign--Ace of Base
3 Now and Forever--Richard Marx
4 So Much in Love--All-4-One
5 Whatta Man--Salt-N-Pepa with En Vogue
6 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
7 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
8 Bump N' Grind--R. Kelly
9 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
10 Cantaloop (Flip Fantasia)--Us3

Singles entering the chart were Dreams by the Cranberries (#70); Neon Moonlight by Rosco Martinez (#73); Beautiful in My Eyes by Joshua Kadison (#79); and Big Time Sensuality by Bjork (#81).

10 years ago
2004


War
U.S. civilian contract worker Thomas Hamill was taken hostage by terrorists in Iraq.

Tuesday, April 8, 2014

April 8, 2014

650 years ago
1364


Died on this date
Jean II, 44
. King of France, 1350-1364. Jean II was a monarch of the House of Valois, who was captured by the English during the Battle of Poitiers in 1356 and was held prisoner in London until 1360, when he was freed in an exchange of hostages, who included his son Louis. When Louis escaped in 1363, Jean thought the action dishonourable, and voluntarily returned to England, where he soon took ill and died, eight days before his 45th birthday.

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Union forces were thwarted by the Confederate army in the Battle of Mansfield at Mansfield, Louisiana.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Adrian Boult
. U.K. orchestra conductor. Sir Adrian conducted the City of Birmingham Orchestra (1924-1930, 1959-1960); BBC Symphony Orchestra (1930-1950); and London Philharmonic Orchestra (1950-1959). He championed the work of British composers, and made many recordings that are still widely available. Sir Adrian conducted recording sessions and was a guest conductor for various orchestras until the end of 1978. He died on February 22, 1983 at the age of 93.

110 years ago
1904


Diplomacy
British Foreign Secretary Lord Lansdowne and French Ambassador to the United Kingdom Paul Cambon signed the Entente Cordiale in London, formally establishing friendly relations between the countries. France recognized British control over Egypt, while Britain reciprocated regarding France in Morocco. In a minor key France gave up its exclusive fishery rights on the French Shore of Newfoundland and in return received an indemnity and territory in The Gambia (Senegal) and Nigeria. Britain dropped complaints regarding the French customs régime in Madagascar. The respective spheres of influence were defined in Siam (Thailand).

90 years ago
1924


Law
Sharia courts were abolished in Turkey, as part of President Kemal Atatürk's secular reforms.

80 years ago
1934


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 5 @ Chicago 2 (Chicago led best-of-five series 2-1)

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bésame Mucho (Kiss Me Much)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)

War
Royal Canadian Air Force dive bombers began attacks on French railway yards to damage supply routes prior to D-Day. The Soviet Red Army reached the Czech frontier at Zhabye, just east of the Tartar Pass. In their drive on Odessa, Soviet units took another 30 places, including Gildendorf, only 8 miles northeast of Odessa. Allied forces drove the Japanese from one vital point north of Imphal and generally improved their position in the Indian state of Manipur. U.S. Selective Service Director Lewis Hershey instructed local draft boards to complete action on registrants under 26 years of age before calling older men.

60 years ago
1954


Disasters
A Royal Canadian Air Force Canadair Harvard collided with a Trans-Canada Airlines Canadair North Star over Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, killing 37 people.

South African Airways Flight 201, a de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1, crashed into the sea during the night, killing 21 people.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 5 @ Montreal 2 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)

The Canadiens were missing injured stars Jean Beliveau and Doug Harvey as they lost to the Red Wings at the Montreal Forum.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Minneapolis 69 @ Syracuse 80 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

50 years ago
1964


Space
Gemini 1 was launched atop a Titan II rocket into Earth orbit from Launch Complex 19 at Cape Kennedy, Florida. The mission was an unmanned test of the Gemini spacecraft, which would carry two-man crews. The Gemini 1 spacecraft carried only dummy equipment in the adaptor and instrument pallets instead of crew couches. The mission ended after 4 hours and 50 minutes, although the spacecraft remained in orbit for four more days.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): My Coo Ca Choo--Alvin Stardust (5th week at #1)

Health
The government of Canada restricted imports of cattle treated with growth hormone diethystilbestrol (DES), a suspected carcinogen.

Basketball
ABA
Quarter-Finals
Eastern Division
Virginia 96 @ New York 108 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Carolina 119 @ Kentucky 128 (Kentucky won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Western Division
Utah 110 @ San Diego 99 (Utah won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Baseball
Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hit his 715th career major league home run, breaking the record formerly held by Babe Ruth. The record-setting homer was hit off Al Downing of the Los Angeles Dodgers in the 4th inning before 53,775 fans at Atlanta Stadium in a game that was televised on Monday Night Baseball on NBC. Atlanta relief pitcher Tom House caught the ball in the bullpen. The Braves won 7-4, with Ron Reed the winning pitcher over Mr. Downing.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Relax--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Relax--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Pyotr Kapitsa, 89
. Russian physicist. Mr. Kapitsa was awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low-temperature physics." The prize, which was shared with Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson, who wre recognized for work unrelated to that of Mr. Kapitsa, was given in recognition of work that he had done about 1937.

Law
The U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan announced that it would not accept the International Court of Justice's jurisdiction on disputes involving Latin America for two years.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Pour toi Arménie--Charles Aznavour and various artists (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Esatto--Francesco Salvi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Alles kan een mens gelukkig maken--René Froger (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Like a Prayer--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Look--Roxette

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
2 The Look--Roxette
3 Eternal Flame--Bangles
4 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
5 Like a Prayer--Madonna
6 Stand--R.E.M.
7 My Heart Can't Tell You No--Rod Stewart
8 The Living Years--Mike + the Mechanics
9 Walk the Dinosaur--Was (Not Was)
10 Dreamin'--Vanessa Williams

Singles entering the chart were Buffalo Stance by Neneh Cherry (#70); Cry by Waterfront (#75); Repetition by Information Society (#77); Patience by Guns N' Roses (#80); Circle by Edie Brickell & New Bohemians (#83); Round and Round by New Order (#85); Baby Baby by Eighth Wonder (#87); Don't Take My Mind on a Trip by Boy George (#90); and Coming Home by Cinderella (#93).

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
Morihiro Hosokawa announced his resignation as Prime Minister of Japan pending selection of a successor, amid allegations that he had profited illegally from a 100-million yen loan from a trucking company in 1982. Mr. Hosokawa said that he had repaid the loan but acknowledged that he had not repaid interest on the loan.

10 years ago
2004


World events
Western nations prepared evacuation efforts as the slaughter continued between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda.

The Governor of the Afghan province of Faryab resigned and fled, as forces loyal to warlord General Rashid Dostrum took control of several districts.

War
The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement was signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups.

Three Japanese civilians were taken hostage by Iraqi terrorists, who threatened to kill them unless Japan withdrew its troops from the country.