Saturday, 23 June 2018

June 24, 2018

140 years ago
1878


Tennis
Canada's first recorded tennis tournament was held at Montréal Lacrosse Club.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Roy Disney
. U.S. motion picture executive. Mr. Disney was the older brother of motion picture producer Walt Disney, and the two co-founded Walt Disney Productions. While Walt was the creative genius of the company, Roy looked after the financial interests of the studio. Roy Disney retired shortly after the opening of Walt Disney World, and died on December 20, 1971 at the age of 78.

110 years ago
1908


Died on this date
Grover Cleveland, 71
. 22nd President of the United States of America, 1885-1889; 24th President of the United States of America, 1893-1897. Mr. Cleveland, a Democrat, was Mayor of Buffalo (January-November 1882) and Governor of New York (1883-1885) before winning a narrow victory over Republican Party nominee James G. Blaine in 1884 in a campaign characterized more by personal insults than differences over issues. Mr. Cleveland lost a close election to Republican candidate Benjamin Harrison in 1888, although Mr. Cleveland won the popular vote. Mr. Cleveland defeated Mr. Harrison in another close election in 1892. He was known for his opposition to public corruption and his support for business, and attracted many votes from men of conservative views. The Panic of 1893 led to a depression shortly after the beginning of Mr. Cleveland's second term, and he was unable to do anything about it. Also in 1893, Mr. Cleveland had surgery to remove part of the upper left side of his jaw and hard palate because of a tumour; a rubber prosthesis was inserted, and the details of the operation weren't revealed until 1917. Mr. Cleveland died of a heart attack.

100 years ago
1918


Communications
Royal Flying Corps Captain Brian Peck and mechanic Corporal C.W. Mathers inaugurated the first airmail service in Canada, taking off from the Bois Franc Polo Grounds in Montreal at 10:12 A.M. in a JN-4 Curtiss two-seater biplane loaded with mail sacks for Toronto. Wind and rain forced them to make refuelling stops at Kingston and Deseronto; at 4:55 P.M., Capt. Peck and Cpl. Mathers landed at the Leaside Aerodrome in Toronto.

90 years ago
1928


Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Frank Kellogg made public the draft of the proposed treaty for the outlawing of war, and also his note inviting 14 nations to join the United States in signing the covenant. The text of the draft was identical with that proposed by the U.S.A. on April 13, 1923, except that the preamble now provided that the British dominions, India, and all parties to the treaties of Locarno were included among the powers called upon to sign the treaty in the first instance.

Economics and finance
The French Chamber of Deputies voted 450-22 and the Senate then voted 256-3 to approve Prime Minister Raymond Poincare's bill for the creation of a new standard franc having a value equal to 25.52 to the dollar, or 3.93 cents, and 124.21 to the pound sterling. A new law stipulated that henceforth theFrench monetary unit would be a franc worth 65.5 millegrams of gold.

Golf
Johnny Farrell shot a 1-over-par 143 to finish 1 stroke ahead of Bobby Jones in a 36-hole playoff to win the U.S. Open at Olympia Fields Country Club in Olympia Fields, Illinois. The two had in a tie after 4 rounds with 10-over-par totals of 294. First prize money was $500.

80 years ago
1938


Space
Pieces of a meteor, estimated to have weighed 450 metric tons when it hit the Earth's atmosphere and exploded, landed near Chicora, Pennsylvania.

75 years ago
1943


Music
Ralph Vaughan Williams conducted the premiere performance of his Symphony No. 5 in a Promenade Concert at Royal Albert Hall in London.

War
Nearly 500 Allied planes bombed oil depots and airfields in France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.

Defense
U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel William Lovelace set an American record with a 40,200-foot parachute jump near Euphrata, Washington to test oxygen equipment.

Crime
An attempt by white U.S. Army military police to arrest Negro servicemen at a pub in Bamber Bridge, England, turned into a firefight, leaving one dead and seven injured.

Politics and government
Australian Prime Minister John Curtin's Labour Party government survived a non-confidence vote in Parliament.

Economics and finance
The U.S. State Department created an Office of Foreign Economic Cooperation, headed by Assistant Secretary Dean Acheson, to coordinate economic activities of civilian economic agencies in liberated areas.

Labour
U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes warned that coal rationing may be necessary, as about 40% of 530,000 striking coal miners remained off the job.

Transportation
The British Columbia government of Premier John Hart allocated $6 million to build a road linking Prince George with the Alaska Highway.

70 years ago
1948


War
The Israeli government announced the suppression of the Irgun Zvai Leumi "rebellion" and the arrest of 400 insurgents.

World events
Soviet authorities made overland travel between West Germany and West Berlin impossible, and cut off electric power to the city's western sectors, claiming "technical difficulties," marking the beginning of the Berlin Blockade.

Diplomacy
Representatives of the U.S.S.R. and seven other Eastern European states concluded a two-day conference in Warsaw by issuing a five-point proposal for a German settlement, including withdrawal of all occupation forces from Germany and the creation of a "provisional democratic German government" representing all political parties and trade unions.

Defense
U.S. President Harry Truman signed the peacetime selective service bill, providing for the induction of 200,000 men during the system's first year of operation.

Politics and government
Premier Tommy Douglas led his Co-operative Commonwealth Federation to a second consecutive majority in the Legislative Assembly in the Saskatchewan provincial election. The CCF won 31 seats, down from 47 in the most recent election in 1944. The Liberal Party, led by Walter Tucker, increased their total from 5 to 19, with one independent and one independent Liberal also elected.

The U.S. Republican National Convention elected New York Governor Thomas Dewey on the third ballot as the party's 1948 U.S. presidential candidate, following the withdrawal of Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen and U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Ohio). Mr. Dewey had also been the Republican presidential nominee in 1944, losing to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.



Law
The Italian Chamber of Deputies passed a 12-month extension of the ban on possession of weapons, aimed primarily at Communist partisans.

Religion
The Hungarian Catholic Church announced the excommunication of all Catholic members of Parliament who had voted to nationalize religious schools.

60 years ago
1958


Married on this date
U.S. actor Jack Webb married Jackie Loughery, Miss America 1952, in Van Nuys, California.

Politics and government
The Pakistani cabinet advised President Iskander Mirza to assume direct control over East Pakistan.

U.S. Passport Office Director Frances Knight said that applicants would no longer be required to answer questions about Communist affiliations.

The U.S. administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower announced the selection of Office of Defense Mobilization director Gordon Gray to replace Robert Cutler as special assistant for national security affairs.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Hoshikage no Waltz--Masao Sen (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Delilah--Tom Jones (3rd week at #1)

Music
The album Friends by the Beach Boys was released on Capitol Records.

Protest
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau was showered with rocks and bottles on a reviewing stand in Montréal during the St-Jean Baptiste Day riot. The so-called "Lundi de la matraque"--Nightstick Monday--resulted in 290 arrests and 130 people injured. Mr. Trudeau led his Liberal Party to a majority government in the next day's federal election.



Police in Washington, D.C. closed "Resurrection City, U.S.A," the campsite of the Poor People's Campaign, near the Lincoln Memorial.

Crime
In a message to Congress, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson urged registration of every firearm and licensing of every gun owner, with registrations to go into a computer listing at the Federal Bureau of Investigation's National Crime Information Center. He said that licensing should be done by the states, but that federal licensing should be required for states not meeting the standards within two years.

Labour
The United Kingdom's rail network was thrown into disarray as the National Union of Railwaymen began its work-to-rule and ban on overtime.

Boxing
Joe Frazier (21-0) retained the recognition of the New York State Athletic Commission and the states of Illinois, Pennsylvania, Maine, and Massachusetts as world heavyweight champion with a technical knockout of Manuel Ramos (20-7-2) at the end of the 2nd round at Madison Square Garden in New York.



Golf
Sandra Post won the LPGA Championship in Sutton, Massachusetts, beating Kathy Whitworth in an 18-hole playoff. The Oakville, Ontario golfer became the first rookie and first foreign player to take the title. First prize money was $3,000.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Stayin' Alive--Bee Gees (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Shadow Dancing--Andy Gibb (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Rivers of Babylon/Brown Girl in the Ring--Boney M. (9th week at #1)
2 You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
3 Lady McCorey--BZN
4 If You Can't Give Me Love--Suzi Quatro
5 Miss You--The Rolling Stones
6 Golden Years of Rock 'n Roll--Long Tall Ernie and the Shakers
7 Piece of the Rock--Mother's Finest
8 Met de Vlam in de Pijp--Henk Wijngaard
9 Whole Lotta Rosie--AC/DC
10 A Woman in Love--André Van Duin

Singles entering the chart were South of the Border by Octopus (#23); Who's Gonna Love You by the Imperials (#27); Copacabana (At the Copa) by Barry Manilow (#28); Summertime by the Shake Spears (#31); Frankie by Lee Towers (#32); She's Always a Woman by Billy Joel (#35); and Let's All Chant by the Michael Zager Band (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Shadow Dancing--Andy Gibb (4th week at #1)
2 Baker Street--Gerry Rafferty
3 It's a Heartache--Bonnie Tyler
4 You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
5 Too Much, Too Little, Too Late--Johnny Mathis and Deniece Williams
6 Take a Chance on Me--ABBA
7 Feels So Good--Chuck Mangione
8 Love is Like Oxygen--Sweet
9 Two Out of Three Ain't Bad--Meat Loaf
10 Because the Night--Patti Smith Group

Singles entering the chart were Three Times a Lady by the Commodores (#54); Boogie Oogie Oogie by A Taste of Honey (#56); Mr. Blue Sky by Electric Light Orchestra (#77); Prove it All Night by Bruce Springsteen (#78); Macho Man by the Village People (#84); You by Rita Coolidge (#87); and I Need to Know by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#88).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Shadow Dancing--Andy Gibb (2nd week at #1)
2 You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
3 Too Much, Too Little, Too Late--Johnny Mathis and Deniece Williams
4 Baby Hold On--Eddie Money
5 Feels So Good--Chuck Mangione
6 It's a Heartache--Bonnie Tyler
7 Two Out of Three Ain't Bad--Meat Loaf
8 The Closer I Get to You--Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway
9 Love is Like Oxygen--Sweet
10 Disco Inferno--The Trammps

Singles entering the chart were Under the Boardwalk by Billy Joe Royal (#80); Copacabana (At the Copa) by Barry Manilow (#87); Songbird by Barbra Streisand (#89); Rivers of Babylon by Boney M. (#90); I Don't Wanna Go by Joey Travolta (#93); Love or Something Like It by Kenny Rogers (#94); I'm Not Gonna Let it Bother Me Tonight by Atlanta Rhythm Section (#95); You Can't Dance by England Dan & John Ford Coley (#96); So Hard Living Without You by Airwaves (#97); Stay by Jackson Browne (#98); You're a Part of Me by Gene Cotton with Kim Carnes (#99); and Shame by Evelyn "Champagne" King (#100).

Died on this date
Ahmed al-Ghashmi, 42
. President of Yemen, 1977-1978. Major General al-Ghashmi took office upon the assassination of his predecessor, Ibrahim al-Hamdi. Maj. Gen. al-Ghashmi was assassinated himself when he was meeting an envoy sent by South Yemeni President Salim Rubai Ali and a briefcase, reportedly containing a secret message, exploded, killing both Maj. Gen. al-Ghashmi and the envoy. South Yemen denied responsibility for the assassination. Abdul Karim Abdullah al-Arashi succeeded Maj. Gen. al-Ghashmi as President.

Golf
John Schroeder was the leader after three rounds in the Canadian Open at Glen Abbey Golf Course in Oakville, Ontario.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Edmonton (1-2) 8 @ Hamilton (2-1) 18

Former Ottawa Rough Rider Bill Robinson played the 1st half at quarterback for the Eskimos in their loss to the Tiger-Cats at Ivor Wynne Stadium, but was ineffective in what turned out to be his last game.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Im Nin'Alu--Ofra Haza (2nd week at #1)

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): I Can't Help Falling in Love (With You)--UB40

Terrorism
With the assistance of an informer wearing a wire, U.S. federal agents seized eight alleged Muslim terrorists who were planning a campaign of bombings and political assassinations.

Politics and government
British Minister for Northern Ireland Michael Mates resigned from the Conservative cabinet of Prime Minister John Major because of his links with fugitive tycoon Asil Nadir.

Science
The United States House of Representatives voted to halt support for the $11-billion supercollider proton-smasher in Texas.

20 years ago
1998


Business
American Telephone & Telegraph Corporation struck a deal to buy cable television giant Tele-Communications Inc. for $31.7 billion.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (2-0) 22 @ Hamilton (0-2) 14

June 23, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry Holden!

180 years ago
1838


War
In Pelham, Upper Canada, Niagara militia drove back James Morreau and the Hunter Patriots (Republican exiles and American sympathizers), ending the Short Hills Raid.

150 years ago
1868


Technology
Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention he called the "Type-Writer."

125 years ago
1893


Died on this date
William Fox, 80
. Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1856; 1861-1862; 1869-1872; 1873. Sir William, an independent, was born in England and moved to New Zealand in the early 1840s. An independent, he was in and out of Parliament from 1855-1881. Sir William was known for his confiscation of Māori land rights (although he later took a different stand on the issue); his contributions to the education system (such as establishing the University of New Zealand); and his work to increase New Zealand's autonomy from Britain.

Theophilus Shepstone, 76. U.K.-born S.A. politician. Mr. Shepstone moved to Cape Colony with his family at the age of 3. He served as the leading British politician in Natal, and was primarily responsible for the annexation of Transvaal by the United Kingdom in 1877.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Charles Lutz
; H.C. Busbey; D.C. McChesney. U.S. military personnel. Major Lutz, Lieutenant Busbey, and Corporal McChesney were killed in a plane crash near File, Virginia on the way from Washington, D.C. to Nicaragua. Corporal R. Nichols was injured.

Disasters
General Umberto Nobile, leader of the Arctic expedition of the Italian airship Italia, was rescued from an ice floe near Spitsbergen by a ski plane piloted by Swedish pilot Lieutenant Einar Lundborg, and put on board the ship Città di Milano. The plane crashed on the ice while returning, and Lt. Lundborg was trapped with the rest of the survivors of the Italia, which had crashed on May 25.

Crime
When the steamship Leviathan arrived in London from New York City, several of her sacks of registered mail were found to have been robbed, with a total loss of not over $10,000.

80 years ago
1938


Aviation
The Civil Aeronautics Act was signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States.

75 years ago
1943


War
British destroyers HMS Eclipse and HMS Laforey sank the Italian submarine Ascianghi in the Mediterranean after she torpedoed the cruiser HMS Newfoundland. Nearly 700 U.K. Royal Air Force and Royal Canadian Air Force bombers struck twice at the Ruhr steel centre of Muelheim for the first time since 1940. Brazilian President Getulio Vargas assured Bolivian President Enrique Penaranda del Castillo that Bolivia may have free use of Santo, a southern Brazilian port.

Defense
The U.S. Ordnance Department disclosed that a 4.7-inch anti-aircraft gun had been invented that could fire 60,000 feet--more than 11 miles--into the air.

Politics and government
The 32 Governors of the U.S. Governors' Conference in Columbus, Ohio adopted two resolutions to oppose further encroachments by the federal government on states' rights.

Protest
Michigan Governor Harry Kelly named a committee to investigate the Detroit race riot, as 119 whites and Negroes were sentenced to 90-day jail terms, and the death toll rose to 31.

Crime
U.S. District Court Judge Bolitha Laws declared a mistrial in the Washington, D.C. trial of George S. Viereck, charged with failing to register as a German agent, because a female juror was seen talking to a U.S. Justice Department attorney.

Transportation
Trans-Canada Air Lines inaugurated transatlantic service, from Montréal.

70 years ago
1948


Literature
The Loved One by Evelyn Waugh was published by Little, Brown.

War
Following a second attack by Haganah forces on an Irgun Zvai Leumi supply dump, Irgun leader Menachem Begin withdrew recognition from the Israeli government and denounced Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion as a "lunatic dictator."

Diplomacy
The Vatican charged that the Albanian government was suppressing the country's Catholic Church by murdering or jailing its members.

Politics and government
The U.S. Republican National Convention adopted a party platform favouring a strong anti-Communist foreign policy and reduction of federal government initiative in domestic affairs.

Economics and finance
U.S., U.K., and French authorities announced plans to introduce the new Deutsche Mark into their sectors of Berlin.

Labour
A U.S. federal court in San Francisco extended its restraining order against a maritime workers' strike to July 12, while a federal court in New York replaced its earlier restraining order with an 80-day anti-strike injunction.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Purple People Eater--Sheb Wooley (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1)

Defense
French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle promised North Atlantic Treaty Organization Secretary General Paul-Henri Spaak an early return of French forces withdrawn from NATO positions for service in Algeria.

Politics and government
East Pakistani Governor General Sultan ud-Din was defeated in a legislative censure vote.

Society
American Negro leaders Martin Luther King, Philip Randolph, and Roy Wilkins conferred with U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower at the White House, urging him to establish "a clear national policy and a progam of implementation" to ensure civil rights.

Labour
A U.S. federal jury in New York acquitted Teamsters union President James Hoffa, Local 337 President Bert Brennan, and professional wiretapper Bernard Spindel of conspiring to tap the telephones of Teamsters officials in Detroit in 1953.

Disasters
Reports from Buenos Aires said that 110 people had been killed in foreworks explosions in many small Brazilian towns on the eve of St. John's Day. Nearly 100 were killed when two fireworks stands blew up in the Santo Amaro marketplace.

50 years ago
1968


Politics and government
The Union pour la défense de la République (Union for the Defense of the Republic), led by Prime Minister Georges Pompidou, along with independent Republicans and other right-wing parties, led after the first round of voting in the French parliamentary elections.

Disasters
71 people were killed and 130 injured--40 seriously--in a stampede of 90,000 soccer fans at a stadium exit in Buenos Aires.

Golf
Bob Charles won the Canadian Open at St. George's Golf and Country Club in Toronto with a 6-under-par total score of 274, 2 strokes ahead of Jack Nicklaus. First prize money was $25,000.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Heartache--Bonnie Tyler (16th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (10th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M.

Politics and government
The Québec National Assembly passed the Québec Referendum Act, which set up a procedure for a referendum on Sovereignty Association with Canada.

Law
The Canadian House of Commons passed legislation giving everyone the right to a trial in either French or English.

The Quebec National Assembly adopted the Law for the Exercise of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Gimme Hope Jo'anna--Eddy Grant (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): I Can't Help Falling in Love (With You)--UB40

Weather
U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration scientist James Hansen told a U.S. Senate committee that the Earth had been warmer during the first five months of 1988 than at any time since records had been kept. He said that global temperatures had risen by half a Fahrenheit degree in the 100 years before 1880, by another degree from 1880-1950, and by more than half a degree since then. Dr. Hansen said, "It is time to stop waffling so much and say that the evidence that the greenhouse effect is here." He warned that an "increasing tendency" to droughts could be expected in the future.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
All-Star Game @ Commonwealth Stadium, Edmonton
CFL All-Stars 15 @ Edmonton (0-1) 4

The All-Stars, who wore old Montreal Alouettes uniforms, defeated the defending Grey Cup champion Eskimos, and turned in the game's only exciting play just 3 minutes into the 1st quarter, when Will Lewis of the Ottawa Rough Riders returned Jerry Kauric's punt 100 yards for a touchdown. 27,573 attended the game, which was less than half the capacity of Commonwealth Stadium, but was nonetheless an All-Star game record. It was one of the dullest games that this blogger has ever attended; matters weren't helped when rain started at halftime, and continued through the rest of the game. Matt Dunigan, whose previous Commonwealth Stadium appearances had been as quarterback of the Eskimos, played with the All-Stars, having been traded in the off-season to the British Columbia Lions. Calgary Stampeders' receiver Larry Willis was named the game's Most Valuable Player. Jackie Parker, who had resigned as head coach of the Edmonton Eskimos after the second regular season game in 1987, came out of retirement to serve as head coach of the All-Stars. This remains the last CFL All-Star Game to date.



25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Somebody Dance with Me--DJ Bobo (2nd week at #1)

Crime
Lorena Bobbitt of Prince William County, Virginia sexually mutilated her husband John after he allegedly raped her.

Economics and finance
The Canadian Senate approved the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Maureen O'Sullivan, 87
. U.K.-born U.S. actress. Miss O'Sullivan moved to the United States at the age of 18, and became an actress with the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio. She was at her busiest from the early 1930s through the early '40s, and was best known for playing Jane in the Tarzan series of movies. Miss O'Sullivan was the mother of actress Mia Farrow, and they appeared together in Hannah and Her Sisters (1986).

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Arthur Chung, 90
. 1st President of Guyana, 1970-1980. Mr. Chung, a lawyer, magistrate, and Appeal Court Judge, was elected President by the National Assembly, becoming the first ethnic Chinese head of state of a non-Asian country. The office of President was mainly ceremonial while Mr. Chung held it, and when a constitutional change made it an executive office, he was succeeded by Forbes Burnham.

Thursday, 21 June 2018

June 22, 2018

425 years ago
1593


War
Croatian forces defeated Ottoman forces in the Battle of Sisak in central Croatia.

150 years ago
1868


Died on this date
Heber C. Kimball, 67
. U.S. religious leader. Mr. Kimball was one of the early leaders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, serving as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles from 1835-1847 and First Counselor in the First Presidency from 1847 until his death from the results of a carriage accident, eight days after his 67th birthday. He embraced the Mormon practice of polygamy, and had 43 wives, although many were said to be strictly caretaking arrangements. Mr. Kimball fathered 66 children by 17 of his wives.

Americana
Arkansas was re-admitted to the Union.

125 years ago
1893


Disasters
The Royal Navy battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rammed the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria, which sank with the loss of 358 crew members, including the fleet's commander, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon.

120 years ago
1898


War
The U.S. Fifth Army Corps landed in Cuba.

110 years ago
1908


Disasters
A fire in Trois-Rivières, Quebec destroyed 800 buildings and caused $1.5 million in damage.

100 years ago
1918


Disasters
The Hammond Circus Train Wreck killed 86 people and injured 127 near Hammond, Indiana.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
M. Johansson
. Swedish politician. Mr. Johansson, leader of the Swedish Agrarian Party and a member of the Riksdag, was killed in the crash of the Stockholm-Norrland night express train.

Nicholas Lee Eagles; Samuel Moreno; John Cline Proctor. U.S. criminals. The three men were executed in the electric chair at the District of Columbia jail in Washington for the murder of policeman Leo Busch in a gunfight on September 26, 1926.

Wayne Neville. U.S. air mail pilot. Mr. Neville was flying the Chicago-Dallas route and was killed when his plane ran into a windstorm and crashed near Lebo, Kansas.

Scandal
Judge Cohn of the Bronx County Court in New York sentenced William Oswald, suspended superintendent of the Third Street cleaning district in the Bronx, to 3-10 years at Sing Sing Prison for grafting. William Lougheed, former foreman in the Cromwell Avenue garage in which, he had told the jury, he had defrauded the city out of $225,000 through payroll padding in the past three years, was sentenced to the same prison for 18 months-3 years, and Benjamin Stoeber, assistant foreman under Mr. Lougheed, who also testified against Mr. Oswald, was sentenced to 1-2 years.

The National Board of Management of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution announced in Washington the expulsion of Mrs. Helen Tufts Bailie of Cambridge, Massachusetts on charges growing out of the publication of the so-called blacklist on speakers who were to be barred from the organization's platform.

Disasters
In one of the worst accidents in the history of Swedish State Railways, 14 people were killed and 50 injured when the Stockholm-Norrland night express train ran into a relief engine coming from the opposite direction at 50 miles per hour.

80 years ago
1938


Boxing
Joe Louis (36-1) avenged his 1936 12-round knockout loss to Max Schmeling (52-8-4), retaining his world heavyweight title by knocking the former champion down 3 times and out in just 2 minutes 4 seconds of the 1st round before about 80,000 fans at Yankee Stadium in New York.



75 years ago
1943


War
About 700 U.K. Royal Air Force and Royal Canadian Air Force heavy bombers dropped more than 2,000 tons of bombs on the steel and chemical centre of Krefeld at the western end of the Ruhr Valley. The French Committee of National Liberation reached a compromise under which General H.H. Giraud would retain command of the French armies in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and French West Africa, and General Charles de Gaulle would continue as commander of all forces in the rest of the empire.

Protest
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered federal troops to maintain order in Detroit as a result of the city's race riot.

Labour
United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis and the UMW Policy Committee ordered 530,000 soft-coal miners to suspend their two-day strike until midnight October 31, pending a wage agreement.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

War
Israeli Haganah forces attacked an Irgun Zvai Leumi ammunition dump near Natanya when the Irgun refused to observe the cease-fire ban on importation of foreign arms.

Diplomacy
Western representatives at a meeting in Berlin refused to accept the Soviet claim that Berlin was a U.S.S.R. zone city in which U.S., U.K., and French troops were guests.

U.S. President Harry Truman named James McDonald, an expert on refugee problems who had served on the Palestine Inquiry Commission in 1946, as U.S. special representative to Israel.

Abominations
802 West Indian immigrants disembarked the British troopship HMT Empire Windrush at Tilbury, England, becoming known as the "Windrush generation," marking the start of modern immigration to the United Kingdom.

Politics and government
Mississippi Democrats elected 30 anti-Truman delegates to the upcoming Democratic National Convention.

Economics and finance
Allied representatives ended a meeting in Berlin without agreement on a common currency for the city, as Soviet authorities decreed a separate currency reform in their occupation zone.

60 years ago
1958


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Impromptu Murder, starring Hume Cronyn and Robert Douglas

Defense
The U.S. Senate Disarmament Committee released a report by 31 leading U.S. seismologists indicating the possibility of establishing an inspection network capable of detecting most surface and underground nuclear detonations.

Politics and government
Burma's Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League expelled Prime Minister U Nu as party president, and named Mahn Mya Sein to replace him.

A Gallup Poll revealed that 58.8 million eligible American voters would register as Democrats and 35.1 million as Republicans if an election were held now.

Disasters
At least 20 people were killed when a train en route from Mexico City to Veracruz derailed on a mountain near Orizaba.

Auto racing
Phil Hill and Oliver Gendebien won the 24 hours of Le Mans.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La bambola--Patty Pravo (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Delilah--Tom Jones (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Young Girl--The Union Gap (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
2 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
3 Ich Bau' Dir Ein Schloss--Heintje
4 Lazy Sunday--Small Faces
5 If I Only Had Time--John Rowles
6 Young Girl--The Union Gap
7 I Can't Let Maggie Go--The Honeybus
8 La Felicidad/Pa Wil Niet in Bad (La Felicidad)/Felicidad, de Roddel Van de Stad--Digno Garcia
--Johnny & Rijk
--Eddie Becker
9 Hello, How are You?--The Easybeats
10 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel

Singles entering the chart were The Muffin Man by World of Oz (#31); Times were When by the Cats (#36); Mony Mony by Tommy James and the Shondells (#38); and Laurel and Hardy by the Equals (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
2 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
3 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
4 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
5 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
6 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
7 Think--Aretha Franklin
8 The Look of Love--Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66
9 Reach Out of the Darkness--Friend and Lover
10 I Could Never Love Another (After Loving You)--The Temptations

Singles entering the chart were Don't Take it So Hard by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#63); Saturday's Father by the 4 Seasons (#67); I'm a Midnight Mover by Wilson Pickett (#73); Look Over Your Shoulder by the O'Jays (#81); Give Me One More Chance by Wilmer and Dukes (#84); Turn Around, Look at Me by the Vogues (#86); Journey to the Center of the Mind by the Amboy Dukes (#93); Young Birds Fly by the Cryan' Shames (#94); You Send Me by Aretha Franklin (#96); What's Made Milwaukee Famous (Has Made a Loser Out of Me) by Jerry Lee Lewis (#97); Can't You See Me Cry by the New Colony Six (#98); Young Boy by Barbara Greene (#99); and I Need Love by the Third Booth (#100). You Send Me was the B-side of Think.

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
2 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
3 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
4 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
5 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
6 Think--Aretha Franklin
7 Like to Get to Know You--Spanky & Our Gang
8 A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck
9 Tighten Up--Archie Bell & the Drells
10 Sleepy Joe--Herman's Hermits

Singles entering the chart were Hurdy Gurdy Man by Donovan (#65); Let Yourself Go by Elvis Presley (#73); People Sure Act Funny by Arthur Conley (#78); Eleanor Rigby by Ray Charles (#81); Lovin' Season by Gene and Debbe (#83); Tuesday Afternoon (Forever Afternoon) by the Moody Blues (#84); Classical Gas by the Midnight String Quartet (#87); Love-Itis by the Mandala (#88); Yes Sir, That's My Baby by the Baja Marimba Band (#89); Sweet Memories by Andy Williams (#93); Just a Little Bit by Blue Cheer (#96); Saturday's Father by the 4 Seasons (#98); Spin the Bottle by Bluesmen Revue (#99); and Boy by Lulu (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
2 I Wanna Live--Glen Campbell
3 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
4 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
5 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
6 Time for Livin'--The Association
7 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
8 Choo Choo Train--The Box Tops
9 Reach Out of the Darkness--Friend and Lover
10 Jelly Jungle (Of Orange Marmalade)--The Lemon Pipers

Singles entering the chart were Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me by Tiny Tim (#24); Turn Around, Look at Me by the Vogues (#27); Here Comes the Judge by Shorty Long (#28); Hurdy Gurdy Man by Donovan (#29); and She's a Heartbreaker by Gene Pitney (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
2 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
3 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
4 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
5 Sky Pilot--Eric Burdon and the Animals
6 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
7 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
8 Sunshine of Your Love--Cream
9 Blue Bonnie Blue--49th Parallel
10 Delilah--Tom Jones
Pick hit of the week: D.W. Washburn--The Monkees

Labour
3,700 Metropolitan Toronto outside workers, including garbage collectors, went on strike.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
James at 16, starring Lance Kerwin, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Ducks

Space
Charon, Pluto's first satellite, was discovered at the United States Naval Observatory by James W. Christy.

War
Ethiopian jets began bombing Somali border towns.

Protest
The National Socialist Party of America called off plans for a march through Skokie, Illinois, a predominantly Jewish suburb of Chicago. The U.S. Supreme Court on June 12 had denied the town's request for a stay against the march, while the American Civil Liberties Union had decided to support the march.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives voted 273-125 to cut off $56 million in aid to South Korea, 22 days after voting 321-46 in favour of a resolution that aid would be cut unless South Korea unless the Koreans cooperated fully with the House investigation into Korean influence-buying in the U.S. Congress.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-1) 4 @ Toronto (1-1) 35

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Only One Woman--Alien (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Dennis Day, 72
. U.S. singer and actor. Mr. Day, born Owen McNulty, was a member of the supporting cast of Jack Benny's radio and television programs from 1939-1965 except for 1944-1946, when Mr. Day was serving in the United States Navy. Mr. Day also hosted the radio show A Day in the Life of Dennis Day from 1946-1951. He died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

25 years ago
1993


Died on this date
Pat Nixon, 81
. U.S. First Lady, 1969-1974. Mrs. Nixon, born Thelma Catherine Ryan, married lawyer Richard Nixon in 1940. During Mr. Nixon's time as President, Mrs. Nixon made solo trips to Peru in 1970 and Africa in 1972, becoming the first President's wife to be officially designated a representative of the United States. She was known for her support of volunteerism. Mrs. Nixon died of lung cancer; Mr. Nixon died exactly 10 months later.

Defense
Canadian peacekeepers joined Operation Lance, a United Nations mission monitoring the border between Uganda and Rwanda for illegal arms entering Rwanda.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Dody Goodman, 93
. U.S. actress. Dolores Goodman had a long career as a character actress, especially in television, and was a frequent guest on talk shows and game shows. She was perhaps best known for playing the title character's mother in the television comedy soap opera Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman (1976-1977).

George Carlin, 71. U.S. comedian. In a career spanning 50 years, Mr. Carlin was a frequent critic of American culture, and was best known for challenging censorship standards with routines such as "Seven Words You Can Never Say on Television." He died of heart failure a week after his last performance.

June 21, 2018

230 years ago
1788


Americana
New Hampshire entered the union as the 9th state, and thus put the United States Constitution into effect.

220 years ago
1798


War
The British Army defeated Irish rebels in the Battle of Vinegar Hill.

170 years ago
1848


Europeana
In the Wallachian Revolution in Romania, Ion Heliade Rădulescu and Christian Tell issued the Proclamation of Islaz and created a new republican government.

130 years ago
1888


Baseball
George Van Haltren pitched a no-hitter for the Pittsburg Alleghenys as they edged the Chicago White Stockings 1-0 at West Side Park in Chicago in a game that was called after 6 innings.

125 years ago
1893


Died on this date
Leland Stanford, 69
. U.S. tycoon and politician. Mr. Stanford operated various businesses, including the Southern Pacific and Central Pacific Railroads. He and his wife Jane founded Stanford University in 1885. Mr. Stanford, a Republican, was Governor of California from 1862-1863 and represented California in the United States Senate from 1885 until his death from heart failure.

120 years ago
1898


War
U.S. forces captured Guam from Spain.

110 years ago
1908


Died on this date
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, 64
. Russian composer. Mr. Rimsky-Korsakov was a military officer and Russian nationalist who wrote 15 operas, and is known for orchestral compositions such as Scheherazade (1888).

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Josephine Webb!
Mrs. Webb, an American electrical engineer, obtained two patents for oil circuit breaker contact design, known colloquially as "switchgear". She designed an 18-inch, full newspaper size fax machine with superior resolution.

Ed Lopat. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Lopat, born Ed Lopatynski, pitched with the Chicago White Sox (1944-1947); New York Yankees (1948-1955); and Baltimore Orioles (1955), compiling a record of 166 wins and 112 losses. His best seasons were 1951, when he was 21-9 and won 2 games in the World Series, the third of five straight World Series won by the Yankees; and 1953, when he was 16-4, leading the AL in winning percentage (.800) and earned run average (2.42). He was known as "The Junkman" because of his baffling pitches, which didn't seem to be thrown hard, but were able to get batters out. Mr. Lopat managed the Kansas City Athletics in 1963 and 1964; he was fired on June 11, 1964 after compiling a record of 90-124. He remained with the Athletics as an aide to owner Charles O. Finley through 1967 and then served as a scout with the Montreal Expos. Mr. Lopat died on June 15, 1992, six days before his 74th birthday.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
W.L. Wagner
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Wagner was executed at Sing Sing Prison in New York for the September 7, 1927 murders of New York state troopers Robert Ray and A.T. Rasmussen in Cananea, New York.

Divorced on this date
A court in Bucharest granted Princess Helen of Greece an absolute divorce from Carol, ex-Crown Prince of Romania.

Chinatica
The Chinese Nationalist Government Political Council decided to change the name of the Manchu capital from Peking to Peiping, meaning "Northern Peace."

75 years ago
1943


War
Allied radio broadcasts from North Africa told Italians to demonstrate for peace and to leave industrial areas which would be heavily bombed.

Abominations
German SS leader Heinrich Himmler ordered the liquidation of Jewish ghettos in occupied Russia.

Politics and government
The U.K. Colonial Office appointed Sir Arthur F. Richards as Governor of Nigeria, and Sir Bernard Bourdillon as Governor of Jamaica.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court held that agitation for peaceful change in the form of government "is not reprehensible," and ruled that California Communist William Schneidermann could not be denied American citizenship.

Technology
Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company and Chrysler Corporation announced the development of a "cycleweld adhesive process" using plastic glues to cement metal, wood, plastics, and rubber.

Labour
For the third time since May 1, 530,000 soft-coal miners in the United States struck. United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis conferred with U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes, who "froze" 3 million tons of soft coal in transit, while the War Production Board restricted deliveries.

Disasters
A severe earthquake destroyed about 1,000 buildings in Adapazari, Turkey, and caused severe damage in Hendek, Geyve, and Arifiye, killing 1,304 people.

70 years ago
1948


Literature
The Gathering Storm, the first volume of Sir Winston Churchill's history of the Second World War, was published in New York by Houghton Mifflin.

War
The Philippine government granted an unconditional amnesty to Hukbalahap guerrillas and admitted Huk leader Luis Taruc to Congress in an effort to end unrest in central Luzon.

Politics and government
Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari took office in New Delhi as Governor General of India, succeeding Lord Louis Mountbatten.

The U.S. Republican National Convention opened at Convention Hall in Philadelphia; it was the first American political convention to be televised.

Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court completed its term after ruling that the Taft-Hartley Act did not prevent unions from endorsing political candidates, and upholding the provision of the Act that required union officials to submit affidavits certifying that they were not Communists.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): He's Got the Whole World (In His Hands)--Laurie London (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): March from the River Kwai and Colonel Bogey--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (11th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Hello, le soleil brille--Annie Cordy (15th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Who's Sorry Now--Connie Francis (6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Purple People Eater--Sheb Wooley (2nd week at #1)
2 All I Have to Do is Dream--The Everly Brothers
3 Jennie Lee--Jan & Arnie
4 Secretly--Jimmie Rodgers
5 Do You Want to Dance--Bobby Freeman
6 Return to Me--Dean Martin
7 Yakety-Yak--The Coasters
8 Big Man--The Four Preps
9 Witch Doctor--David Seville
10 Twilight Time--The Platters

Singles entering the chart were Got a Match?, with versions by the Daddy-O's; Frank Gallop; and Lou Stein (#37); For Your Precious Love by Jerry Butler and the Impressions (#40); Splish Splash by Bobby Darin (#47); Woodchoppers' Ball by Hutch Davie and the Honky Tonkers (#53); Singing Hills by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#60); Rebel Rouser by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#63); The Bird on My Head by David Seville (#66); A Certain Smile by Johnny Mathis (#68); I Love You So by the Chantels (#72); Left Right Out of Your Heart (Hi Lee Hi Lo Hi Lup Up Up) by Patti Page (#73); Cuddly Baby by the Deb-Tones (#74); and Poor Little Fool (EP) by Ricky Nelson (#75).

Defense
Tunisia lifted its blockade of French military posts and airbases.

Politics and government
Greek Foreign Minister Evangelos Averoff rejected the new British plan for Cyprus, announcing that Greece would seek United Nations actio to win Cypriot self-determination.

Education
U.S. District Court Judge Harry Lemley ordered a 2 1/2-year suspension of racial integration at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, granting an appeal by the Little Rock school board, which argued that education had been disrupted by integration orders.

Track and field
AAU championships @ Bakersfield, California
Herb Elliot of Australia ran the mile outdoors in 3 minutes 57.9 seconds.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro

Edmonton’s top 10 (CJCA)
1 Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me--Tiny Tim
2 I Love You--People
3 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
4 Sky Pilot (Parts One and Two)--Eric Burdon and the Animals
5 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
6 Delilah--Tom Jones
7 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
8 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
9 Sleepy Joe--Herman's Hermits
10 Bring a Little Lovin'--Los Bravos
Pick hit of the Week: D.W. Washburn--The Monkees
New this week: It Should Have Been Me--Gladys Knight & the Pips
In-Laws Really Outlaws--Sir Douglas Quintet
Eleanor Rigby--Ray Charles
Tell Someone You Love Them--Dino, Desi and Billy
Hang 'Em High--Hugo Montenegro and his Orchestra

Hang 'Em High was a version of the title theme of the movie.

Politics and government
Thailand proclaimed a new constitution after nearly 10 years of military rule.

Law
Earl Warren submitted his resignation, effective June 26, after 15 years as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Chief Justice Warren, 77, was resigning "solely because of age."

Disasters
23 people were killed and 25 injured when a bus carrying students from a girls' school collided with a truck and plunged into a river near Cucuta, Colombia.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

Theatre
The original production of Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical Evita opened at the Prince Edward Theatre in London.

Personal
This blogger finished high school, with his last day of Grade 12 at Henry Wise Wood High School in Calgary.

War
An outbreak of shooting between Provisional Irish Republican Army members and the British Army at a post office in Belfast left one civilian and three IRA men dead.

Albertana
Residents of Bellevue, Blairmore, Frank, and Improvement District No. 5 (which included the Hamlet of Hillcrest) voted to amalgamate as the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass, effective January 1, 1979.

Abominations
Vladimir Slepak, 50, an engineer, and his wife Ida Nudel, 47, an economist, were sentenced by a Soviet court to exile in Siberia for "mailicious hooliganism" for having hung banners from their apartments on June 1 pleading for permission to emigrate to Israel. Mr. Slepak had been trying to emigrate since 1970, and had been unable to work since then. The United States condemned the sentences.

Disasters
At least 14 people were killed and 150 injured when an earthquake registering 6.5 on the Richter scale struck Thessalonika, Greece. Tremors were also felt in Bulgaria and Yugoslavia.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
British Columbia (2-0) 21 @ Ottawa (1-1) 20

Baseball
Steve Rogers allowed 8 hits in 6 1/3 innings and had 2 singles, the first of which drove in the winning run in the 5th inning, as the Montreal Expos edged the New York Mets 2-1 before 6,691 fans at Shea Stadium in New York in a game that was called because of rain with 1 out in the bottom of the 7th, and runners on first and second bases for the Mets. It was the Wednesday Expos Baseball telecast on CBC.

Frank Taveras singled home Phil Garner with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 2-1 win over the Chicago Cubs before 11,064 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. John Candelaria pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Ray Burris, who allowed 10 hits in pitching a complete game.

Ed Halicki pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Tom Seaver as the San Francisco Giants shut out the Cincinnati Reds 3-0 before 37,334 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Roger Metzger doubled home the first 2 runs as the Giants scored all their runs in the 4th inning.

Adrian Devine and Gene Garber combined for an 8-hit shutout and Jerry Royster had a single, double, and triple, scoring both runs, as the Atlanta Braves blanked the San Diego Padres 2-0 before 12,016 fans at San Diego Stadium.

Pinch hitter Steve Yeager singled home Billy North with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Los Angeles Dodgers a 5-4 win over the Houston Astros before 34,975 fans at Dodger Stadium.

The Detroit Tigers scored 5 runs in the top of the 6th inning as they beat the Toronto Blue Jays 10-8 before 29,439 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

Butch Hobson's 2-run home run climaxed a 6-run 3rd inning as the Boston Red Sox beat the New York Yankees 9-2 before 32,459 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Dennis Eckersley pitched a 6-hit complete game victory to improve his 1978 record to 7-2.

30 years ago
1988


Died on this date
Bobby Dodd, 79
. U.S. football player and coach. Mr. Dodd was a quarterback, tailback, and punter with the University of Tennessee Volunteers from 1928-1930, leading the team to undefeated seasons in his first two years. He was an assistant coach with the Georgia Tech University Yellow Jackets from 1931-1944 and head coach at Georgia Tech from 1945-1966, compiling a 165-64-8 record and leading them to the national championship in 1952. Mr. Dodd was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1993 as both player and coach.

Diplomacy
The summit of the leaders of the world's seven leading industrialized nations concluded in Toronto with an agreement to set up a ministerial-level task force to fight international trafficking in drugs. Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, as host, and the other leaders paid tribute to U.S. President Ronald Reagan on the occasion of his last scheduled trip outside the United States as president.

The Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced the expulsion of eight Soviet diplomats for industrial espionage.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Detroit 105 @ Los Angeles Lakers 108 (Los Angeles won best-of-seven series 4-3)

James Worthy scored 36 points and added 16 rebounds and 10 assists before 17,505 fans at The Forum in Inglewood, California to lead the Lakers to their second straight NBA championship. It was the only triple-double in Mr. Worthy's career, and he was named the finals' Most Valuable Player.



25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 8-1 in favour of the policies of the administrations of former President George Bush and current President Bill Clinton of halting Haitian fugitives at sea and returning them without hearings on asylum status.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (0-1) 25 @ Ottawa (1-0) 30

The Rough Riders' win over the Argonauts was the first game in Ottawa since Lansdowne Park had been renamed Frank Clair Stadium.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Al Campanis, 81
. U.S. baseball player and executive. Mr. Campanis played 7 games at second base with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1943, batting .100 with no home runs or runs batted in. He played 7 years in the minor leagues from 1940-1948, batting .252 with 15 home runs in 706 games. Mr. Campanis was the Los Angeles Dodgers' general manager from 1968-1987, presiding over four National League pennants and a World Series championship in 1981. He was forced to resign on April 8, 1987, two days after an interview with Ted Koppel on the ABC News television program Nightline, in which he said that blacks may not have some of the "necessities" to be field managers or general managers.

Golf
Lee Janzen came from 7 strokes off the lead in the final round and shot a 2-under-par 68 to finish with an even par total of 270 to win the U.S. Open at the Lake Course of the Olympic Club in San Francisco. Payne Stewart, who led by 4 strokes after 3 rounds, shot a 4-over-par 74 to finish second, a stroke behind Mr. Janzen, who had also won the U.S. Open in 1993. First prize money was $535,000.

Wednesday, 20 June 2018

June 20, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dale Hein!

150 years ago
1868


Canadiana
Governor General Lord Monck proclaimed a celebration by all Her Majesty's loving subjects throughout Canada of the anniversary of the formation of the union of the British North America provinces in a federation under the name of Canada on July 1, 1867.

130 years ago
1888


Politics and government
The North-West Territories held its first general election. 22 members of the Legislative Assembly were elected; all were independents, since there was no party politics.

125 years ago
1893


Crime
A jury in New Bedford, Massachusetts acquitted Lizzie Borden of the 1892 ax murders of her father and stepmother.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
George Lynch
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Lynch raced sprint cars and midget cars from 1935-1957, and drove in the 1949 Indianapolis 500, starting 8th and placing 32nd after crashing on lap 2. He died of Alzheimer's disease on May 6, 1997 at the age of 78.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Đuro Basariček, 44
; Pavle Radić. Croatian politicians. Dr. Basariček, Vice President of the Croatian Peasant Party, and Mr. Pavle Radić, nephew of Peasant Party President Stjepan Radić, were assassinated in the Chamber of Deputies in Belgrade by Puniša Račić, a member of People's Radical Party from Montenegro. Stjepan Radić was shot in the stomach and died on August 8; Peasant Party Seceretary Ivan Pernar and Deputy Ivan Granđa were wounded in the attack.

Robert Powell. U.S. accused criminal. Mr. Powell, a young Negro, had killed Detective A.W. Davis in an exchange of bullets in Houston on June 17, and had been seriously wounded. He was taken from his cot in Jefferson Davis Hospital and lynched.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Frank Kellogg issued a call to 21 nations for a Pan American Conference on conciliation and arbitration, to meet in Washington on December 10, 1928.

The Danish-American treaty of friendship and commerce was signed in Copenhagen.

Politics and government
General Chang Hsueh-liang succeededhis father as Manchurian dictator and Governor of Fengtien.

Crime
George Remus of Cincinnati, who had killed his wife Imogene in October 1927 and had been committed to the State Hospital for Criminal Insane, obtained his freedom when the Ohio Supreme Court voted 4-3 to affirm the decison of the Court of Appeals ordering his immediate release.

Scandal
Chicago Mayor William H. Thompson and six of his political associates were convicted of entering into a conspiracy to defraud the city of $1,732,279.23 in real estate expert fees to finance Mr. Thompson's political machine and for their private benefit. The finding, in a circuit court in Chicago, was the culmination of a taxpayer's suit instituted seven years earlier by the Chicago Tribune, and was accompanied by an order to the defendants to make complete restitution.

75 years ago
1943


War
The U.K. Royal Air Force launched Operation Bellicose, the first shuttle bombing raid of World War II. Lancaster bombers damaged the V-2 rocket production facilities at the Zeppelin Works while en route to an air base in Algeria. RAF planes struck heavily at the Schneider armament work at Le Creusot, 170 miles south of Paris, killing a reported 250 people. General Charles de Gaulle's Fighting French group in Algiers said that he may leave for Brazzaville or Beirut unless the French Committee of National Liberation met his demands for supreme military power and reorganization of the French Army. A Japanese force of about 28 bombers and 20 fighters was driven off in an attempted attack on Darwin, Australia by the largest force of Spitfires ever used in the area. U.S. Army Captain Eddie Rickenbacker arrived in Moscow to represent U.S. War Secretary Edward L. Stimson and to study the U.S.S.R.'s use of U.S. planes.

Society
The Detroit race riot between Negroes and whites began at 10:45 P.M. after a fight on the Belle Isle Bridge in Detroit. By the time the violence between whites and Negroes ended two days later, 34 people were dead, 433 injured, and $2 million in property damage had occurred.

Business
The U.S. Commerce Department reported that corporate profits in the first quarter of 1943 totalled $1.821 billion, 18% above the same period in 1942.

Labour
A conference in Washington between coal operators and United Mine Workers of America officials collapsed at noon. Five hours later, UMW policy officials telegraphed U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes, offering to work for the government.

Track and field
AAU championships @ New York
Gunder Haegg of Sweden outran Greg Rice by 35 yards, and beat eight other Americans to win the 5,000-metre event in a time of 14:48.5.

Football
NFL
National Football League owners voted 5-4 to approve the merger of the Philadelphia Eagles and Pittsburgh Steelers for the 1943 season; the team became unofficially nicknamed the "Steagles." Ted Collins, manager of singer Kate Smith, was granted a franchise for Boston for 1944.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Veiled Lodger

This was the last episode of the season, and the last for Mr. Shirley as Dr. Watson. The adaptation of the A. Conan Doyle story was also the last Sherlock Holmes radio script written by Edith Meiser, who had written her first in 1930.

On television tonight
Toast of the Town, hosted by Ed Sullivan, on CBS

This was the first broadcast of the variety program, which was retitled The Ed Sullivan Show in September 1955. The guests on the first show included the comedy team of Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis; singer Monica Lewis; and composers Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, who previewed the score to the musical South Pacific, which didn't open until 1949.

World events
The United States halted movement of rail freight from western Germany to Berlin rather than grant Soviet demands for inspection of transports. The U.S.S.R. responded by imposing the Berlin Blockade four days later.

Politics and government
The Rhode Island Democratic Party convention gave its 12 delegate votes to President Harry Truman.

Economics and finance
The Deutsche Mark was introduced in western Allied-occupied Germany.

Tennis
Jack Kramer defeated Bobby Riggs to win the men's singles title at the U.S. professional championships in Forest Hills, New York. Mr. Kramer and Pancho Segura defeated Mr. Riggs and Don Budge to win the men's doubles title.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Who's Sorry Now--Connie Francis (6th week at #1)

On the radio
The Blue Carbuncle, read by Noel Johnson, on BBC Home Service

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: The Psychiatrist

Died on this date
Kurt Alder, 55
. Polish-born German chemist. Dr. Alder and Otto Diehls shared the 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for their discovery and development of the diene synthesis." The cause of Dr. Alder's death is unknown, but his corpse had been rotting for two weeks when discovered in his apartment by his niece.

Diplomacy
Philippine President Carlos Garcia and U.S. President Dwiht D. Eisenhower signed a joint communique in Washington renewing mutual security pledges and promising new U.S. loans totalling $125 million.

Politics and government
Following a four-day meeting in Tunis, representatives of the Tunisian and Moroccan governments and the Algerian FLN issued a communique condemning French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle's plans for the integration of Algeria within France.

Greek Cypriot leader Archbishop Makarios rejected the new British plan for Cyprus, claiming that it would abridge "the fundamental and inalienable rights...[of Cypriots] to self-determination."

Track and field
AAU championships @ Bakersfield, California
Harold Connolly, with a hammer throw of 225 feet 4 inches, and Glenn Davis, with a time of 49.9 seconds in the 440-yard hurdles, set unofficial world records.

40 years ago
1978


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Calgary (1-1) 12 @ Montreal (1-1) 14

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong

World events
Lieutenant General Henri Namphy seized control of Haiti and declared himself President, while deposed President Leslie Manigat went into exile in the Dominican Republic.

Diplomacy
A communique issued by the summit of the world's seven leading industrial nations, meeting in Toronto, called for more East-West trade and a continuation of arms-reduction efforts. It also endorsed Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's efforts at reform, and noted interest in East bloc countries at "ending their economic isolation."

Politics and government
Lucien Bouchard won a Canadian federal by-election for Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney's Progressive Conservatives in the Quebec riding of Lac St.-Jean.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What is Love?--Haddaway (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: What is Love?--Haddaway (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): In Your Eyes--Niamh Kavanagh (5th week at #1)

Disasters
A landslide on the South Nation River destroyed the abandoned townsite of Lemieux, Ontario.

Golf
Lee Janzen won the U.S. Open at Baltusrol Golf Club in Springfield, New Jersey with a tournament-record tying score of 272, 8 under par. Payne Stewart finished second, 2 strokes behind Mr. Janzen.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Chicago 99 @ Phoenix 98 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-2)

John Paxson's 3-point score with 3.9 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Bulls to their third straight championship as they edged the Suns before 19,023 fans at America West Arena. Michael Jordan scored 33 points for Chicago, and all of the Bulls' points in the 4th quarter until Mr. Paxson's game-winning shot. Mr. Jordan averaged 41 points per game in the series and won the Bill Russell Award as the Most Valuable Player in the Finals.



10 years ago
2008


Academia
Montreal philosopher Charles Taylor and Toronto molecular biologist Anthony Pawson became the first Canadians to win Japan's $460,000 Kyoto Prize for lifetime academic achievement.

Tuesday, 19 June 2018

June 19, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Michael Martin!

260 years ago
1758


War
British forces commanded by General James Wolfe opened fire on Louisbourg, Nova Scotia's island battery from Lighthouse Point; it took until June 25 to silence the battery.

250 years ago
1768


Died on this date
Benjamin Tasker, Sr., 77 or 78
. U.S. politician. Mr. Tasker was a naval officer who held various offices in colonial Maryland, and was Proprietary Governor of Maryland from 1752-1753.

225 years ago
1793


Society
The Upper Canada Assembly passed an act prohibiting the importation of slaves into the colony; it was the first such law in the British Empire.

130 years ago
1888


Politics and government
The U.S. Republican National Convention opened at the Auditorium Building in Chicago.

110 years ago
1908


Politics and government
The U.S. Republican National Convention concluded at Chicago Coliseum. U.S. Secretary of War William Howard Taft (Ohio) obtained 71.6% of the vote on the first ballot to become the party's U.S. presidential candidate for 1908, with Representative James S. Sherman (New York) receiving 83.9% of the votes on the first ballot to become the Republican vice presidential nominee.

Golf
James Braid shot 72 in the final round to finish with a total score of 291 to win the British Open at Prestwick Golf Club in Prestwick, South Ayrshire, Scotland, 8 strokes ahead of Tom Ball. First prize money was £50.

100 years ago
1918


Died on this date
Francesco Baracca, 30
. Italian military aviator. Major Baracca was Italy's top air ace in World War I, with 34 combat victories. He was shot down, apparently by an Austrian gunner, while on a strafing mission in the Montello area of northern Italy.

90 years ago
1928


Diplomacy
The Austro-American treaty of friendship and commerce was signed in Vienna.

Crime
Gunmen held up a Canadian National Railways train in Toronto and got $120,000 in cash. Arrests were made three weeks later, and part of the money was recovered.

80 years ago
1938


Protest
The 30-day sit-down occupations by unemployed men of the Vancouver Art Gallery and main Post Office in Vancouver, British Columbia were broken up by police, who used tear gas to clear the buildings. The Art Gallery was cleared in 15 minutes with no violence on either side, but at the Post Office, 39 people were injured, 22 were arrested, and damage to property totalled $30,000. Protest leader Steve Brodie, a Communist, was badly beaten by police, and it was Co-operative Commonwealth Federation politician Harold Winch who was credited with talking a mob of 10,000 out of storming the police station.

Soccer
FIFA World Cup
Final @ Stade Olympique de Colombes, Paris
Italy 4 Hungary 2



75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Taking a Chance on Love--Benny Goodman and His Orchestra with Helen Forrest

War
Chinese troops retook four towns in the Ichang area: Changtien, Tiencheng, Huiliu, and Chaohu.

Society
A subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities reported that administrators of Japanese relocation camps had allowed internees to decide policy and failed to protect loyal Japanese-Americans.

Labour
About 58,000 soft-coal miners in the United States went on strike.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Nature Boy--King Cole (6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Nature Boy--King Cole (3rd week at #1)
--Dick Haymes with the Song Spinners
--Frank Sinatra
--The Sportsmen
2 Little White Lies--Dick Haymes
--Dinah Shore
3 You Can't Be True, Dear--Ken Griffin
--Dick Haymes with the Song Spinners
--The Sportsmen
--Vera Lynn
--The Marlin Sisters with Eddie Fisher
4 Toolie Oolie Doolie (The Yodel Polka)--The Andrews Sisters
--The Sportsmen
--Vaughn Horton and the Polka Debs
5 The Dickey-Bird Song--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
6 Haunted Heart--Perry Como
--Jo Stafford
7 Baby Face--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
8 Because--Perry Como
9 Sabre Dance--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
10 St. Louis Blues March--Tex Beneke and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Baby, Don't Be Mad at Me, with versions by Peggy Lee, and Frankie Laine (#23); Better Luck Next Time (#25)/It Only Happens When I Dance with You (#27) by Perry Como; Better Luck Next Time, with versions by Jo Stafford, and Dinah Shore (#25, charting with the version by Perry Como); and Cugat's Nugat's by Xavier Cugat and his Orchestra (#40).

Politics and government
Costa Rican President Jose Figueres suspended constitutional guarantees for 30 days, and levied a 10% tax on private capital in order to raise reconstruction funds.

The Progressive Party of Ohio was founded in Cleveland in an effort to put the U.S. presidential candidacy of former U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace back on the state ballot.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman named a 12-member advisory board representing labour, industry, agriculture, and other groups to assist Economic Cooperation Administrator Paul Hoffman.

Labour
U.S. President Truman appointed a three-man fact-finding board to investigate deadlocked contract talks in the mining industry, after the United Mine Workers of America threatened to call a strike for July 6.

Medicine
A committee of experts advised a meeting in Chicago of the American Heart Association that the use of drugs against blood clotting significantly reduced deaths from coronary thrombosis.

Track and field
NCAA Championships
The University of Minnesota Golden Gophers won the U.S. national title in Minneapolis.

60 years ago
1958


War
Indonesian Army forces penetrated rebel defenses in Menado, the northern Celebe capital and the last rebel stronghold in Indonesia.

United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold met with Lebanese leaders and members of the UN observer group in Lebanon, urging a delay in plans to appeal for U.S.-U.K. military intervention.

Defense
The Canadian House of Commons approved the North American agreement establishing a joint U.S.-Canadian Air Defense Command at Colorado Springs, Colorado.

Law
The U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington, D.C. reversed the 1956 security dismissals of six civilians from the Fort Monmouth Army Signal Center, holding that the Army had violated its own regulations in refusing to tell the six why they were held to be security risks.

Agriculture
The Soviet Communist Party Central Committee abolished compulsory deliveries of collective farm products to the state in an effort to spur efficient collective farm production by the restoration of limited agricultural competition.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers (2nd week at #1)
2 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
3 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
4 Lazy Sunday--Small Faces
5 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
6 A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck
7 Young Girl--The Union Gap
8 If I Only Had Time--John Rowles
9 If I were a Carpenter--Four Tops
10 The Son of Hickory Holler's Tramp--O.C. Smith

Singles entering the chart were Jumpin' Jack Flash by the Rolling Stones (#30); What a Wonderful World by Louis Armstrong (#35); Louisiana Man by Bobbie Gentry (#37); and Thank You for Loving Me by Jackie Trent and Tony Hatch (#38).

War
South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu signed the country's first general mobilization law, calling for the drafting of male citizens aged 16-50.

Crime
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signed crime control legislation that included a ban on interstate mail-order sales of handguns.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Johnson signed "paper gold" legislation for U.S. participation in the International Monetary Fund's special drawing rights.

Disasters
16 people were killed and 100 injured when an earthquake struck northeastern Peru.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Baker Street--Gerry Rafferty

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Jikan yo Tomare--Eikichi Yazawa (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Night Fever--Bee Gees

Economics and finance
The government of Canada banned the import and sale of cut-rate U.S. editions of Canadian books; the dumping of products competing with higher priced Canadian editions was damaging the publishing industry.

Sport
Ian Botham of England became the first man in the history of cricket to score a century and take eight wickets in one innings of a Test match, helping England defeat Pakistan by an innings and 120 runs in the second Cornhill Test.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Alphabet Street--Prince

#1 single in Switzerland: Theme from S-Express--S-Express (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The three-day summit of the world's seven leading industrial nations began in Toronto.

Basketball
NBA Finals
Detroit 102 @ Los Angeles Lakers 103 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar made 2 free throws with 14 seconds remaining in regulation time as the Lakers edged the Pistons before 17,505 fans at The Forum in Inglewood, California. Isiah Thomas of the Pistons sprained his ankle in the 3rd quarter, but still finished with 43 points and 8 assists.



25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Informer--Snow (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: What is Love?--Haddaway

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Encores--Dire Straits (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Cose della vita--Eros Ramazzotti

#1 single in France (SNEP): Your Latest Trick--Dire Straits (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What is Love?--Haddaway (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): (I Can't Help) Falling in Love With You--UB40 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (6th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (5th week at #1)
2 Weak--SWV
3 Have I Told You Lately--Rod Stewart
4 Freak Me--Silk
5 Knockin' Da Boots--H-Town
6 Come Undone--Duran Duran
7 Show Me Love--Robin S
8 Bad Boys--Inner Circle
9 Livin' on the Edge--Aerosmith
10 I'm So Into You--SWV

Singles entering the chart were Lately by Jodeci (#38); Whoot, There it Is by 95 South (#60); One Woman by Jade (#65); Runaway Train by Soul Asylum (#70); Something's Goin' On by UNV (#71); and If I Had No Loot by Tony Toni Tone (#78).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (3rd week at #1)
2 Come Undone--Duran Duran
3 Have I Told You Lately--Rod Stewart
4 Hero--David Crosby and Phil Collins
5 I Don't Wanna Fight--Tina Turner
6 In These Arms--Bon Jovi
7 Fields of Gold--Sting
8 Can't Do a Thing (To Stop Me)--Chris Isaak
9 Love Don't Live Here Anymore--Sven Gali
10 Sleeping Satellite--Tasmin Archer

Singles entering the chart were Can't Get Enough of Your Love by Taylor Dayne (#59); Believe by Lenny Kravitz (#60); Good Times with Bad Boys by Boy Krazy (#77); Don't Look Down by Lindsey Buckingham (#79); Missing Persons by Tim Thomey (#85); I Would Die for You by Jann Arden (#86); More and More by Captain Hollywood Project (#91); and Sooner of Later Medley by Carol Medina and Mark Ferguson (#95).

Died on this date
William Golding, 81
. U.K. author. Sir William was best known for the novels Lord of the Flies (1954) and Rites of Passage (1980). He was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Literature "for his novels, which with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today."

Academia
U.S. publisher Walter Annenberg announced $365 million in cash grants to three universities and an obscure preparatory school in Hightstown, New Jersey. It was the largest such one-time gift in American history.

20 years ago
1998


Society
The Quebec National Assembly adopted a law regarding social assistance under which young people aged 18-24 would be required to enroll in a job reintegration program; those who refused to participate in this process would be subject to financial penalties.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Edmonton (1-0) 22 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 3

10 years ago
2008


Politics and government
Democratic Party U.S. presidential nominee Barack Obama announced that he would bypass public financing for the presidential election, even though Republican Party candidate John McCain was accepting it.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (2-0) 28 @ Toronto (0-1-1) 21
Montreal (0-1-1) 16 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 19
Saskatchewan (1-1) 7 @ Edmonton (1-1) 37
Calgary (1-1) 35 @ British Columbia (1-1) 39

Monday, 18 June 2018

June 18, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Irma Tovar!

1,400 years ago
618


Politics and government
Li Yuan became Emperor Gaozu of Tang, replacing 13-year-old puppet Emperor Yang You and initiating three centuries of the Tang dynasty in China.

840 years ago
1178


Space
Five Canterbury monks saw what was possibly the Giordano Bruno crater being formed. It is believed that the current oscillations of the Moon's distance from the Earth (on the order of meters) are a result of this collision.

240 years ago
1778


War
British troops abandoned Philadelphia.

225 years ago
1793


Exploration
Alexander Mackenzie reached the Fraser River in British Columbia.

160 years ago
1858


Science
Charles Darwin received a paper from Alfred Russel Wallace that included nearly identical conclusions about evolution as Mr. Darwin's own, prompting Mr. Darwin to publish his theory.

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
Miklós Horthy
. Regent of Hungary, 1920-1944. Admiral Horthy served as Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary following the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I. He was deposed by the Nazis on October 15, 1944, and arrested by occupying Soviet forces in 1945. Adm. Horthy was imprisoned in Nuremberg after the war, but was never charged with any crimes, and died in exile in Portugal on February 9, 1957 at the age of 88.

120 years ago
1898


Golf
Fred Herd shot 84 in the final round to finish with a total of 328 to win the U.S. Open at Myopia Hunt Club in South Hamilton, Massachusetts. Mr. Herd finished 7 strokes ahead of fellow Scotsman Alex Smith. First prize money was $150.

110 years ago
1908


South Americana
Japanese immigration to Brazil began when 781 people arrived in Santos aboard the ship Kasato-Maru.

Academia
The University of the Philippines was established.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Franco Modigliani
. Italian-born U.S. economist. Dr. Modigliani was awarded the 1985 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets." He died on September 25, 2003 at the age of 85.

Jerome Karle. U.S. chemist. Dr. Karle, born Jerome Karfunkle, shared the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Herbert Hauptman "for their outstanding achievements in developing direct methods for the determination of crystal structures." Dr. Karle died on June 6, 2013, 12 days before his 95th birthday.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Roald Amundsen, 55
. Norwegian explorer. Mr. Amundsen was the first explorer to navigate the Northwest Passage (1903-1906); the first to reach the South Pole (1911); and the first to reach the North Pole withuot dispute (1926). He was a passenger on a rescue flight searching for the party of Italian explorer Umberto Nobile's airship Italia, which had crashed on an island while returning from the North Pole. The plane, whose crew included Norwegian pilot Leif Dietrichson, 37, French pilot René Guilbaud, 37, and three more Frenchmen, crashed in the Arctic Ocean between Norway and Spitsbergen, with no survivors.

Aviation
The biplane Friendship, piloted by Wilmer Stutz, with Slim Gordon as mechanic and Amelia Earhart as passenger, arrived at Barry Port, Wales, 21 hours after departing Trepassey, Newfoundland. Miss Earhart thus became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.

German trans-Atlantic fliers Captain Koehl, Baron von Huenefeld, and Major Fitzmaurice were welcomed in Bremen after arriving from America.

75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Dying Detective

Died on this date
Elias Degiannis, 30
. Greek military officer and resistance leader. Mr. Degiannis was a naval officer who was forced to leave the Navy after participating in an obortive pro-republican coup attempt in 1935. After the German occupation of Greece during World War II, He was recruited by British intelligence as part of a resistance organization called Prometheus, which he later reorganized as Prometheus II. Mr. Degiannis was captured, tortured, and executed by the Germans.

War
U.S. planes attacked airfields and railroad installations in Sardinia. Allied planes bombed Madang, Hopoi, and Ceram, New Guinea; Cape Gloucester and Marien Harbour, New Britain; and Langgur in the Kai Islands. The British government announced the reopening of the Turkish-Syrian border, closed three days earlier to prevent military leaks to the Axis.

Politics and government
The Argentine government of President General Pablo Ramirez suspended the scheduled September 5 elections and decreed that any future elections "must be conditioned to fulfillment of the aims that motivated the military movement" in its successful revolt.

The British Foreign Office appointed Sir Archibald Wavell as Viceroy and Governor General of India, to succeed the Marquess of Linlithgow.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Alvah Roebuck, 84
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Roebuck and Richard Sears co-founded the department store Sears, Roebuck and Company in 1891.

Edward Brooker, 57. U.K.-born-Australian politician. Mr. Brooker moved to Australia at the age of 30, and joined the Australian Labour Party. He was elected to the Tasmanian House of Assembly in 1934, and held various cabinet posts. Mr. Brooker was interim Premier of Tasmania from December 1947-February 1948 while Premier Robert Cosgrove was under indictment for corruption. The charges were dropped, and Mr. Brooker returned the premiership to Mr. Cosgrove, accepting the positions of Treasurer and Minister for Transport. He died of a pulmonary edema.

War
The Greek government announced the start of a major offensive intended to encircle the main Communist guerrilla force in the stronghold of Mount Grammos, near the Albanian-Yugoslavian border.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Commission on Human Rights adopted its International Declaration of Human Rights.

Technology
Columbia Records unveiled its new long-playing, 33 1/3 rpm phonograph record in a public demonstration at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City.

Economics and finance
U.S., U.K., and French authorities in Germany introduced a currency reform, replacing the devalued Reichsmark with a new Deutsche Mark, leaving western and eastern Germany with different currency systems. U.S.S.R. authorities halted all ground passenger traffic from West Germany to Berlin, allegedly to prevent a mass transfer of Reichsmarks to the Soviet zone.

60 years ago
1958


Defense
King Mohammed V of Morroco met with French Ambassador Alexandre Parodi to renew requests for complete French troop withdrawal from Morocco.

Economics and finance
The United States announced a $9.5-million loan for an industrial development centre in South Vietnam.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Eugene McCarthy (Minnesota) won at least 52 of the 123 delegates to the Democratic National Convention in the New York Democratic Party U.S. presidential primary, beating Vice President Hubert Humphrey and the late U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy (New York). New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller won the New York Republican Party primary, taking 77 delegates, with the remaining 5 going to former U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

Golf
Andy North won the U.S. Open at Cherry Hills Country Club in Englewood, Colorado with a 1-over par score of 285, 1 stroke ahead of J.C. Snead and Dave Stockton. First prize money was $45,000.

Nancy Lopez won her fifth straight tournament and sixth of the year, winning the LPGA Tournament in Rochester, New York with a score of 214. First prize money was $11,250.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (1-1) 18 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 11

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gimme Five--Jovanotti (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Everywhere--Fleetwood Mac

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): N'importe quoi--Florent Pagny (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Boys in Green--Republic of Ireland Soccer Squad (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Doctorin' the Tardis--The Timelords

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Together Forever--Rick Astley

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Together Forever--Rick Astley
2 One More Try--George Michael
3 Foolish Beat--Debbie Gibson
4 Make it Real--The Jets
5 Everything Your Heart Desires--Daryl Hall John Oates
6 Dirty Diana--Michael Jackson
7 Circle in the Sand--Belinda Carlisle
8 The Valley Road--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
9 Alphabet St.--Prince
10 Shattered Dreams--Johnny Hates Jazz

Singles entering the chart were I Don't Wanna Go On with You Like That by Elton John (#56); The Twist (Yo, Twist!) by the Fat Boys with Stupid Def Vocals by Chubby Checker (#83); Fast Car by Tracy Chapman (#86); Say it's Gonna Rain by Will to Power (#88); and Sayin' Sorry (Don't Make it Right) by Denise Lopez (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 One More Try--George Michael (2nd week at #1)
2 Together Forever--Rick Astley
3 Beds are Burning--Midnight Oil
4 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
5 Circle in the Sand--Belinda Carlisle
6 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger
7 The Valley Road--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
8 Everything Your Heart Desires--Daryl Hall John Oates
9 Dirty Diana--Michael Jackson
10 Shattered Dreams--Johnny Hates Jazz

Singles entering the chart were I Don't Wanna Go On with You Like That by Elton John (#72); Fat by "Weird Al" Yankovic (#82); Hold on to the Nights by Richard Marx (#84); Under the Milky Way by the Church (#87); Rush Hour by Jane Wiedlin (#92); and Make Me Lose Control by Eric Carmen (#95). Fat was a spoof of Bad, Michael Jackson's hit from the fall of 1987.

25 years ago
1993


Politics and government
Rebels in the party of Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa joined the opposition in a non-confidence vote in the Diet, defeating the government. Mr. Miyazawa, who had been accused of failing to deliver on promises to clean up corruption, dissolved the Diet and called for new elections.

Defense
U.S. Air Force Major General Harold Campbell was fined $7,000 and forced tor retire for referring to President Bill Clinton as a "dope-smoking," "draft-dodging" Commander in Chief--which was, of course, true.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that the Constitution permitted government funding for a sign-language interpreter to accompany a deaf child in a parochial school

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (0-1) 11 @ Calgary (1-0) 21

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Phoenix 108 @ Chicago 98 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-2)



Baseball
Dennis Martinez allowed 4 hits and 1 earned run in 8+ innings to get his 200th career major league win as the Montreal Expos edged the Atlanta Braves 2-1 before 19,519 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Larry Walker doubled home both Montreal runs with 2 out in the 6th inning. Losing pitcher John Smoltz allowed 3 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings.

Dan Wilson singled to lead off the bottom of the 10th inning and scored on a 1-out single by Barry Larkin to give the Cincinnati Reds a 4-3 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 37,273 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

The Oakland Athletics came back from an 8-0 2nd-inning deficit to defeat the Kansas City Royals 10-9 before 27,903 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. George Brett had 2 doubles and a single for the Royals.

Chili Davis hit a 2-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the California Angels a 9-8 win over the Chicago White Sox before 24,845 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

20 years ago
1998


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (0-1) 18 @ Toronto (1-0) 21
Hamilton (0-1) 9 @ Winnipeg (1-0) 17

10 years ago
2008


Environment
Ontario joined Quebec in banning the cosmetic use of pesticides across the province.