Monday, July 28, 2014

July 28, 2014

650 years ago
1364


War
Troops of the Republic of Pisa and the Republic of Florence clashed in the Battle of Cascina in Italy.

220 years ago
1794


Died on this date
Maximilien de Robespierre, 36
; Louis Antoine de Saint-Just, 26. French politicians. Messrs. Robespierre and Saint-Just were members of the Committee for Public Safety who were executed by guillotine for their roles in the Reign of Terror.

160 years ago
1854


Defense
USS Constellation, the last all-sail warship built by the United States Navy, was commissioned.

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate troops made a third unsuccessful attempt to drive Union forces from Atlanta in the Battle of Ezra Church in Fulton County, Georgia.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Carmen Dragon
. U.S. composer and conductor. Mr. Dragon conducted the Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra for many years. He and Morris Stoloff shared the Academy Award for Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture for Cover Girl (1944). Mr. Dragon was the father of Daryl Dragon, the Captain of the duo Captain and Tennille, who had a string of hits on the pop charts from 1975-1980. Carmen Dragon died on March 28, 1984 at the age of 69.

War
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia after Serbia rejected the conditions of an ultimatum sent by Austria on July 23 following the June 28 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. Austria-Hungary's declaration began World War I.

Baseball
The Cleveland Naps traded pitcher Vean Gregg to the Boston Red Sox for pitchers Fritz Coumbe and Rankin Johnson and catcher Ben Egan. Mr. Gregg had won 20 or more games in each of his first 3 seasons from 1911-1913, but had come down with a sore arm in 1914. He was still able to post a 9-3 record with Cleveland in 1914 before being traded to Boston.

80 years ago
1934


Died on this date
Marie Dressler, 65
. Canadian-born U.S. actress. Miss Dressler, born Leila Marie Koerber in Cobourg, Ontario, won the Academy Award for Best Actress of 1930-1931 for Min and Bill (1930). Other notable movies of hers included Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914); Anna Christie (1930); and Dinner at Eight (1933).

80 years ago
1934

Baseball

Chuck Dressen replaced Bob O’Farrell as manager of the Cincinnati Reds, who currently sat eighth and last in the National League with a record of 31-60. For Mr. Dressen, it was the beginning of a 16-year managerial career that would total 1,990 regular season games.

75 years ago
1939

Baseball

Ken Chase of the Washington Nationals gave up 2 hits in the 9th inning to lose his bid for a no-hitter, but held on to beat Bob Feller and the Cleveland Indians 2-0 before 5,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Skeeter Webb had the first Cleveland hit. Mr. Chase improved his record for the season to 5-13, while Mr. Feller fell to 15-5.

70 years ago
1944


War
Soviet units in Poland captured Brest-Litovsk and Przemysl.

Protest
Crowds of nationalist demonstrators in Buenos Aires stoned U.K.-owned commercial establishments and were held off from the U.S. embassy by police.

Politics and government
New York Governor and Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Thomas Dewey said that he opposed the renomination of Rep. Hamilton Fish for the November 1944 election for the U.S. House of Representatives because Mr. Fish had charged that "Jews are more or less for the New Deal, unfortunately."

50 years ago
1964


Space
The United States launched the probe Ranger 7 toward the moon. Its mission was to send back high-resolution photographs of the lunar surface before crashing.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (0-2) 18 @ Winnipeg (1-2) 19

40 years ago
1974


Died on this date
Don McCafferty, 53
. U.S. football coach. Mr. McCafferty was an end with the New York Giants in 1946 before embarking on a coaching career. He spent 11 seasons as an assistant coach at Kent State University, followed by 11 seasons (1959-1969) as an assistant coach with the Baltimore Colts under head coaches Weeb Ewbank and Don Shula. When Mr. Shula went to the Miami Dolphins in 1970, Mr. McCafferty replaced him as head coach of the Colts, and led the team to the Super Bowl championship, becoming the first rookie head coach to win a Super Bowl. The Colts made the playoffs again in 1971, but when they got off to a poor start in 1972, Mr. McCafferty was fired when he refused to bench veteran quarterback Johnny Unitas. Mr. McCafferty became head coach of the Detroit Lions in 1973, leading them to a 6-7-1 record. He was preparing for another season when he died of a heart attack after mowing the lawn at his home. Rick Forzano replaced him as head coach of the Lions.

Defense
Spetsgruppa A, aka Alpha Group, The U.S.S.R.'s elite special force, was formed.

Disasters
At least 69 people were killed and 10 seriously injured when a bus collided with a truck 250 miles south of Belem, Brazil.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Self Control--Raf (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go--Wham! (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go--Wham! (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hole in My Shoe--neil

#1 single in the U.K.: Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): When Doves Cry--Prince (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 When Doves Cry--Prince (3rd week at #1)
2 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr.
3 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
4 State of Shock--The Jacksons with Mick Jagger
5 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol
6 Jump (For My Love)--The Pointer Sisters
7 The Reflex--Duran Duran
8 Infatuation--Rod Stewart
9 Almost Paradise...Love Theme from Footloose--Mike Reno and Ann Wilson
10 Sad Songs (Say So Much)--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were Only When You Leave by Spandau Ballet (#76); Reach Out by Giorgio Moroder (featuring Paul Engemann) (#85); 99 1/2 by Carol Lynn Townes (#87); I Didn't Mean to Turn You On by Cherrelle (#88); Go Insane by Lindsey Buckingham (#89); and We're Not Gonna Take It by Twisted Sister (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Sister Christian--Night Ranger
2 Self Control--Laura Branigan
3 Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry
4 When Doves Cry--Prince
5 Almost Paradise...Love Theme from Footloose--Mike Reno and Ann Wilson
6 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
7 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr.
8 State of Shock--The Jacksons with Mick Jagger
9 Jump (For My Love)--Pointer Sisters
10 Legs--ZZ Top

Singles entering the chart were Rock Me Tonite by Billy Squier (#42); Only When You Leave by Spandau Ballet (#43); Go for Soda by Kim Mitchell (#46); Missing You by John Waite (#47); I Can Dream About You by Dan Hartman (#48); Don't Tell Me by Blancmange (#49); and If Ever You're In My Arms Again by Peabo Bryson (#50).

Diplomacy
The U.S.A. sent a new draft for a joint statement on proposed talks with the U.S.S.R. on banning space weapons to Moscow.

Olympics
U.S. President Ronald Reagan officially opened the Games of the XXIII Olympiad at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Gina Hemphill, granddaughter of 1936 Olympics star Jesse Owens, circled the track with the torch, and Rafer Johnson, the 1960 decathlon champion, lit the flame.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (3-1) 42 @ Hamilton (1-3-1) 20
Montreal (1-3) 7 @ British Columbia (3-1) 22

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Batdance--Prince (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das Omen (Teil I)--Mysterious Art (5th week at #1)

World events
Israeli commandos abducted Sheik Abdul Karim Obeid, a spiritual leader of the Party of God, a Shiite Muslim group in southern Lebanon. An Israeli army statement said that Sheik Obeid had been "arrested" for planning attacks against Israel.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (3-0) 34 @ Saskatchewan (2-1) 17

The game at Taylor Field in Regina was interrupted by a thunderstorm which knocked out power and caused a lengthy delay.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Wizards of the Sonic--WestBam

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (13th week at #1)

Music
35,000 people attended the first Lollapalooza festival in Molson Park in Barrie, Ontario featuring Smashing Pumpkins, the Beastie Boys, and George Clinton; rain turned the park into a sea of mud.

Labour
The Supreme Court of Canada refused an appeal of a lower court ruling awarding retired National Hockey League players an estimated $45 million from the league in surplus pension funds.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-2) 53 @ Hamilton (0-4) 25
Baltimore (2-2) 32 @ Winnipeg (2-2) 39

Baseball
Kenny Rogers of the Texas Rangers pitched a perfect game as the Rangers blanked the California Angels 4-0 before 46,581 fans at the Ballpark in Arlington, Texas. Center fielder Rusty Greer saved the masterpiece with a diving catch with none out in the top of the ninth inning.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Francis Crick, 88
. U.K. biologist. Dr. Crick co-discovered the DNA molecule with James Watson in 1953. Drs. Crick and Watson and Maurice Wilkins shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material."

Terrorism
At least 70 people were killed when a suicide bomb was detonated outside a police station in Baquba, Iraq.

War
Iraqi forces and foreign troops attacked an insurgent stronghold south of Baghdad, killing 35 terrorists.

Politics and government
At the FleetCenter in Boston, the Democratic National Convention nominated U.S. Senator John Kerry (Massachusetts) as its candidate for President of the United States in the November 2004 election.

World events
After 24 years of service in Afghanistan, the humanitarian group Medecins sans Frontieres announced that it planned to leave the country because the Afghan government had failed to prosecute the suspect in the murder of five of its aid workers.

Economics and finance
Ignoring a proposal from a legislative committee, New Brunswick Premier Bernard Lord forced insurance companies in the province to offer inexpensive, no-frills options and to tighten regulations in an attempt to bring down rates.

Sunday, July 27, 2014

July 27, 2014

825 years ago
1189


World events
Holy Roman Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa arrived at Niš, the capital of Serbian King Stefan Nemanja, during the Third Crusade.

800 years ago
1214


War
Forces commanded by King Philip II of France decisively defeated Imperial, English and Flemish armies led by Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV in the Battle of Bouvines in Flanders, effectively ending King John of England's Angevin Empire.

325 years ago
1689


War
The Battle of Killiecrankie was fought in Scotland, with forces supporting King James II of England (King James VII of Scotland) defeating forces loyal to King William III of England.

320 years ago
1694


Economics and finance
A Royal charter was granted to the Bank of England.

225 years ago
1789


Politics and government
The first U.S. federal government agency, the Department of Foreign Affairs, was established (it was later renamed Department of State).

125 years ago
1889

Baseball

With 2 out in the 9th inning, the Philadelphia Athletics scored 6 runs on 2 errors, 2 doubles, a single, and a home run (by Henry Larkin) to defeat the Kansas City Blues 12-10 in an American Association game at Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia.

100 years ago
1914


Religion
Felix Manalo registered his unitarian pseudo-Christian cult Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ) with the Philippine government.

90 years ago
1924


Olympics
The Summer Olympics closed in Paris. Canada won no gold medals, but silver medals in the rowing eights, coxless fours, and team clay pigeon, and a bronze medal in boxing.

80 years ago
1934


Politics and government
The Saskatchewan Farmer-Labour Party became the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF).

75 years ago
1939

Baseball

The Brooklyn Dodgers sent 4 players and a reported $75,000 to the Boston Red Sox in exchange for shortstop Pee Wee Reese, currently playing for the Red Sox’ AAA farm team in Louisville.

70 years ago
1944


War
German Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbels issued his first orders in a program for total mobilization, which cancelled vacations for female workers and directed the army to use frontline troops as labour battalions. Soviet forces advanced from the Baltic Sea to the Carpathian foothills, taking several Polish, Latvian, and Lithuanian localities. U.S. planes made their first large-scale raid on Halmahera Island in the Moluccas, west of Dutch New Guinea.

Diplomacy
Polish Prime Minister Stanislaw Mikolajczyk headed a committee from the government in exile in London to Moscow for talks with Soviet dictator Josef Stalin.

60 years ago
1954


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Main Feature: Death, starring Nina Foch

50 years ago
1964


Died on this date
Willie Galimore, 29
; Bo Farrington, 28. U.S. football players. Mr. Galimore was a fullback with the Chicago Bears from 1957-1963; Mr. Farrington was a tight end with the Bears from 1960-1963. Both players helped the Bears win the NFL championship in 1963. They were killed in a car accident in Rensselaer, Indiana while at the team's training camp.

Defense
5,000 more American military advisers were sent to South Vietnam, bringing the total number of United States forces in Vietnam to 21,000.

Diplomacy
Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman arrived in Ottawa to start a three-day visit to Canada.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Edmonton (0-2) 16 @ Hamilton (2-1) 29

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Rock Your Baby--George McCrae

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace (4th week at #1)
2 Devil Gate Drive--Suzi Quatro
3 The Entertainer--Marvin Hamlisch
4 Evie--Stevie Wright
5 The Streak--Ray Stevens
6 Would You Lay with Me in a Field of Stone?--Judy Stone
7 My Girl Bill--Jim Stafford
8 The Loco-Motion--Grand Funk
9 Candle in the Wind/Bennie and the Jets--Elton John
10 Hooked on a Feeling--Blue Swede

Singles entering the chart were Sundown by Gordon Lightfoot (#25); Sugar Baby Love by the Rubettes (#27); and Long Live Love by Olivia Newton-John (#38).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Annie's Song--John Denver

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Annie's Song--John Denver
2 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--Elton John
3 Rikki Don't Lose that Number--Steely Dan
4 Rock and Roll Heaven--The Righteous Brothers
5 Rock Your Baby--George McCrae
6 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation
7 The Air that I Breathe--The Hollies
8 You Won't See Me--Anne Murray
9 On and On--Gladys Knight and the Pips
10 Waterloo--ABBA

Singles entering the chart were Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe by Barry White (#71); Tell Her Love has Felt the Need by Eddie Kendricks (#77); Most Likely You Go Your Way (And I’ll Go Mine) by Bob Dylan and The Band (#86); Moonlight Special by Ray Stevens (#88); Beach Baby by First Class (#89); That's Not How it Goes by Bloodstone (#92); Don't Change Horses (In The Middle Of A Stream) by Tower of Power (#93); Many Rivers to Cross by Nilsson (#94); Rings by Reuben Howell (#95); Sugar Lump by Leon Haywood (#96); Lover's Cross by Melanie (#97); Funky Party by Clarence Reid (#98); Sweet Home Alabama by Lynyrd Skynyrd (#99); and Second Avenue by Tim Moore (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Rock Your Baby--George McCrae
2 Annie's Song--John Denver
3 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation
4 Rock and Roll Heaven--The Righteous Brothers
5 The Air that I Breathe--The Hollies
6 Rikki Don't Lose that Number--Steely Dan
7 Waterloo--ABBA
8 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--Elton John
9 Sideshow--Blue Magic
10 You Won't See Me--Anne Murray

Singles entering the chart were I Want You to Love Me by Susan Jacks (#92); Let's Put it All Together by the Stylistics (#94); Don't Knock My Love by Diana Ross & Marvin Gaye (#95); Shoeshine Working Song by Murray McLauchlan (#97); River's Risin' by Edgar Winter (#98); Love Will Get You by Jayson Hoover (#99); and Kalimba Story by Earth, Wind & Fire (#100).

Calgary's top 10
1 The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace
2 (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
3 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--Elton John
4 If You Go Away--Terry Jacks
5 Waterloo--ABBA
6 Wild Thing--Fancy
7 Wildwood Weed--Jim Stafford
8 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation
9 Annie's Song--John Denver
10 King of Nothing--Seals and Crofts
Pick hit of the week: Takin' Care of Business--Bachman-Turner Overdrive

Music
Cass Elliot finished a 12-day engagement at the London Palladium, where she had played to capacity audiences and rave reviews.

Scandal
The U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee voted 27-11 to recommend President Richard M. Nixon's impeachment on Article I--a charge that he had personally engaged in a "course of conduct" designed to obstruct justice in the investigation of the June 1972 breakin at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C..

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): One Love/People Get Ready--Bob Marley

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood

Died on this date
James Mason, 75
. U.K. actor. Mr. Mason became a major star in British films in the mid-1940s, and later achieved success in Hollywood. His movies included Odd Man Out (1947); The Desert Fox: The Story of Rommel (1951); 5 Fingers (1952); Julius Caesar (1953); A Star is Born (1954); 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954); North by Northwest (1959); Lolita (1962); Georgy Girl (1966); Murder by Decree (1979); The Verdict (1982); and The Shooting Party (1985).

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. rejected the U.S.A.’s draft of a joint statement on banning space weapons.

Politics and government
U.S. President Ronald Reagan rejected the challenge of Democratic challenger Walter Mondale for six election debates, saying that two debates "would be as many as the public should stand for."

Football
CFL
Toronto (3-2) 43 @ Calgary (2-3) 17

Baseball
Pete Rose’s single in the 7th inning against Steve Carlton was the 3,053rd of his major league career, passing Ty Cobb for first place on the career singles list. Mr. Rose and the Montreal Expos defeated Mr. Carlton and the Philadelphia Phillies 6-1 before 30,222 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

25 years ago
1989


Disasters
A Korean Air DC-10 jetliner en route from Seoul to Tripoli crashed in fog while trying to land at Tripoli. 82 were killed, while over 100 survived.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-1) 17 @ Toronto (2-1) 21

The Argonauts made 6 interceptions against Eskimo quarterback Tracy Ham on their way to the win. Mike "Pinball" Clemons of the Argonauts and Tony "The Wiz" Hunter of the Eskimos put on a great show returning kicks. For Mr. Clemons, it was his first CFL game.

Baseball
The Atlanta Braves scored all 10 of their runs in the 6th inning as they defeated the San Francisco Giants 10-1 before 10,471 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stasium. Dale Murphy became the first Brave since Bobby Lowe in 1894 to hit 2 home runs in an inning, and his 6 RBIs in an inning tied a major league record.

20 years ago
1994


Terrorism
The day after 14 people had been injured when a car bomb had exploded outside the Israeli embassy in London, five more people were injured when a bomb exploded at an Israeli fund-raising office in London.

10 years ago
2004


Politics and government
10 days after offering his resignation to Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, Palestinian Prime Minister Ahemd Qurei withdrew the offer after Mr. Arafat agreed to hand over to Mr. Qurei some control over security agencies.

Barack Obama, a candidate for the U.S. Senate in Illinois, delivered the keynote address for the day at the Democratic National Convention at FleetCenter in Boston.

Saturday, July 26, 2014

July 26, 2014

275 years ago
1739


Born on this date
George Clinton
. 4th Vice President of the United States, 1805-1812. Mr. Clinton was a brigadier general in the Continental Army and served as Governor of New York from 1777-1795 and 1801-1804. He served as Vice President under Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, and became the first Vice President to die in office when he succumbed to a heart attack on April 20, 1812 at the age of 77.

200 years ago
1814


War
In the War of 1812, U.S. forces led by Major General Jacob Brown withdrew to Fort Erie, Upper Canada with General Eleazor Ripley after their mauling at Lundy's Lane the previous day. The battle had resulted in 853 U.S. casualties, including 171 killed, and ended the American offensive in Niagara.

125 years ago
1889


Religion
A group of over 100 Roman Catholics made a pilgrimage to the church at Lac Ste-Anne, Alberta, 30 miles northwest of Edmonton. The church was built to commemorate the vision of a parish priest from St. Albert, who had seen a vision of the Saint on a visit to Ste. Anne's shrine in France in 1889. The tradition continues today.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Ellis Kinder
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Kinder played with the St. Louis Browns (1946-1947); Boston Red Sox (1948-1955); St. Louis Cardinals (1956); and Chicago White Sox (1956-1957), compiling a record of 102-71 with 102 saves and an earned run average of 3.43. His best season was 1949, when he was 23-6 with 6 shutouts. He moved to the bullpen in 1951 and was the best relief pitcher in the American League for the next four years. Mr. Kinder, a heavy drinker, died after undergoing open-heart surgery at the age of 54 on October 16, 1968.

Erskine Hawkins. U.S. musician. Mr. Hawkins was a trumpeter and bandleader from Birmingham, Alabama. He was best known for co-writing and recording Tuxedo Junction, a major hit in 1939 that became a jazz standard. Mr. Hawkins died on November 11, 1993 at the age of 79.

C. Farris Bryant. U.S. politician. Mr. Bryant, a Democrat, was Governor of Florida from 1961-1965. He died on March 1, 2002 at the age of 87.

Diplomacy
Serbia and Bulgaria severed diplomatic relations.

70 years ago
1944


War
Canadian forces in France reportedly captured Tilly before dawn, but they only controlled half the village, and the German panzers counter-attacked, destroying most Canadian tanks and cutting off the North Nova Scotia Highlanders. U.S. forces in France, led by tanks, advanced all along their 40-mile front. British troops in Italy reached a point 8 miles south of Florence. Soviet troops in Poland reached the Vistula River and took Deblin, 55 miles southeast of Warsaw. Chinese troops recaptured Leiyang in the province of Hunan, 40 miles south of besieged Hengyang. U.S. Marines gained control of the northern third of Tinian Island.

Politics and government
The Chinese government reported a "partial agreement" with the Communist Party, but indicated that it was "too much to expect a total accord." Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek had offered the Communists free participation in politics after the war in return for wartime control by the Kuomintang regime in Chungking.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull made public a memorandum to American nations recommending continued refusal to recognize the government of Argentina.

The government of Colombia seized property of German nationals to cover damage by German war measures.

Labour
U.S. Army Service Forces Commander Lieutenant General Brehon Somervell cancelled leaves of U.S. Army civilian workers in arsenals and depots and ordered a 54-hour work week.

Minneapolis Judge W.W. Bardwell issued a warrant for the arrest of American Federation of Musicians President James Petrillo, the day after Mr. Petrillo had ordered 16 musicians at radio station KSTP in St. Paul to go on strike despite a court order.

50 years ago
1964


Scandal
U.S. Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa and six others were convicted of fraud and conspiracy in the handling of a union pension fund..

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Band On The Run--Paul McCartney & Wings

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Theo, wir Fahr’n Nach Lodz--Vicky Leandros

Politics and government
Greek Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis formed the country's first civil government after seven years of military rule.

Scandal
The U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee began debate on Article I (Obstruction of Justice) of the articles of impeachment of President Richard Nixon.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (0-1) 7 @ Edmonton (1-0) 31

Tom Wilkinson threw 4 touchdown passes--2 to Don Warrington and 1 each to Garry Lefebvre and Larry Highbaugh--and the defensive line of Bruce Smith, Leroy Jones, John LaGrone, and Ron Estay dominated the Saskatchewan offense as the Eskimos routed the Roughriders before 21,456 fans on a rainy night at Clarke Stadium. The Roughriders broke up the shutout when Randy Mattingly, playing his first CFL game, relieved Ron Lancaster at quarterback and completed a 7-yard touchdown pass to Steve Mazurak with 39 seconds remaining in the game. Among other players making their CFL debuts were Edmonton defensive tackle Dave Fennell and slotback Stu Lang, and Saskatchewan tight end Lawrie Skolrood and offensive tackle Elbert Walker.

25 years ago
1984


Died on this date
George Gallup, 82
. U.S. pollster. Mr. Gallup founded the American Institute of Public Opinion (Gallup Poll), in 1935, America's best known firm for surveying public opinion.

Ed Gein, 77. U.S. criminal. Mr. Gein, a farmer from Plainfield, Wisconsin, killed two women (by his own admission) and robbed the graves of at least a dozen others between 1944 and 1957. Authorities investigating the disappearance of a Plainfield woman in 1957 went to Mr. Gein's farm and found the missing woman's body hanging by the heels in the woodshed, dressed out like a deer. Inside the house, they found furniture and clothing made from human skulls and skin, and a human heart simmering in a pot on the stove. Mr. Gein was judged insane, and was committed to the Waupan State Hospital, where he spent the rest of his life. He's often credited as being the real-life inspiration for the novel and movie Psycho.

Politics and government
Results from the Israeli election of three days earlier were announced. Labour had 44 seats and Likud 41, both short of a majority in the 120-seat Knesset. Labour leader Shimon Peres and Likud leader Yitzhak Shamir began to negotiate with prospective allies among minority parties, but neither was immediately successful in building a majority coalition.

Economics and finance
A rescue package for Continental Illinois Corporation, the U.S.A.’s 8th largest bank holding company, was unveiled. U.S. bank regulators said that the U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. would buy most of the bank’s "problem" loans and would provide $1 billion in aid to the bank, for a total outlay of $4.5 billion in support--in effect, owning 80% of the bank. The new plan was subject to approval of the bank’s stockholders. Continental Illinois reported a loss of $1.1 billion for the second quarter of 1984.

Baseball
Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn announced that free agent pitcher Vida Blue had been suspended for the remainder of the season after being convicted the previous November of possession of cocaine.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Sealed with a Kiss--Jason Donovan

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Licence To Kill--Gladys Knight

Technology
A U.S. federal grand jury indicted Cornell University student Robert T. Morris, Jr. for releasing the Morris worm, thus becoming the first person to be prosecuted under the 1986 Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-2) 28 @ British Columbia (0-3) 26

Danny Barrett quarterbacked the Stampeders to victory over the Lions at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver in an impressive effort just five days after losing 54-4 at home to the Edmonton Eskimos.

20 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Christy Henrich, 22
. U.S. gymnast. Miss Henrich was a member of the U.S. national team who died of anorexia nervosa after being told by an official to lose weight.

Terrorism
14 people were injured when a car bomb exploded outside the Israeli embassy in London.

Diplomacy
King Hussein of Jordan and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin addressed the United States Congress, the day after they had signed the Washington Declaration, ending the enmity between the countries.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
William A. Mitchell, 92
. U.S. chemist. Mr. Mitchell, who joined General Foods in 1941, received over 70 patents. He was the key inventor behind such products as Tang, Pop Rocks, Cool Whip, and quick-set Jell-O.

Politics and government
The Democratic National Convention opened at the FleetCenter in Boston.

Energy
U.S. Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham ordered a halt in all classified operations at all of the Energy Department's laboratories.

Friday, July 25, 2014

July 25, 2014

1,150 years ago
864


Defense
The Edict of Pistres was issued by Charles the Bald, King of West Francia, in an attempt to protect the cities and countryside from Viking raids.

875 years ago
1139


War
The Almoravid Moors, led by Ali ibn Yusuf, were defeated by Portuguese Prince Afonso Henriques in the Battle of Ourique in southern Portugal.

200 years ago
1814


War
In the War of 1812, Gordon Drummond arrived with reinforcements for a retreating General Phineas Riall at Lundy's Lane, 2 kilometres below Niagara Falls, and takes the battle to Jacob Brown's American forces at 6 P.M. The Americans stalemated and retreated to Fort Erie, Upper Canada in a bitter all-night battle, one of the bloodiest of the war. British and Canadians had 878 casualties, 84 killed, out of 3000 men.

190 years ago
1824


Central Americana
Costa Rica annexed the province of Guanacaste from Nicaragua.

120 years ago
1894


War
The First Sino-Japanese War began when the Japanese fired upon a Chinese warship.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Woody Strode
. U.S. football player, wrestler, and actor. Mr. Strode played with the University of California at Los Angeles Bruins in the late 1930s, and was a backfield mate of Kenny Washington and Jackie Robinson. Mr. Strode was an end with the Hollywood Bears of the Pacific Coast Professional Football League in the early 1940s, a time when Negroes were denied employment in the National Football League. He played with the Calgary Stampeders of the Western Interprovincial Football Union from 1948-1950, playing a major role in the Stampeders' first Grey Cup championship in 1948. Mr. Strode was named to the WIFU All-Star team in 1948 and to the first All-Star team in 1949. He wrestled professionally in the 1950s and early 1960s, fighting the likes of Gorgeous George, with whom he became friends. As an actor, Mr. Strode was known for supporting performances in such movies as Spartacus (1960) and The Professionals (1966), and for roles in moves directed by John Ford, such as Sergeant Rutledge (1960) and The Man who Shot Liberty Valance (1962). Mr. Strode died on December 31, 1994 at the age of 80.

80 years ago
1934

Died on this date
Engelbert Dollfuss, 41
. Chancellor of Austria, 1932-1934. Mr. Dollfuss became Chancellor as head of a coalition government, but assumed dictatorial powers in 1933, modelling his government on Italian fascism. He was shot to death by eight Austrian Nazis in the Chancellery building.

70 years ago
1939

Baseball

New York Yankees’ rookie pitcher Atley Donald improved his record to 12-0 with a 5-1 win over the St. Louis Browns before 6,076 fans at Yankee Stadium. Joe DiMaggio hit a home run 450 feet into the left field bleachers, and Red Rolfe also homered for the Yankees.

In a record-setting 9th inning, the Cleveland Indians broke a 3-3 tie with 9 runs in the top half, and gave up 5 in the bottom of the inning to beat the Philadelphia Athletics 12-8 before 2,500 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

70 years ago
1944


War
Canadian forces in France suffered heavy casualties, losing 450-500 dead and over 1,500 wounded in the beginning of Operation Spring, attempting to push the entrenched German army off the Verrières ridge, take the heat off the Americans at St.-Lô, and clear the main road through Falaise to Paris. U.S. troops began a strong offensive from St.-Lô west to the sea. Soviet troops encircled Lvov, Poland and fought their way into the southern suburbs; of the 160,000 Jews who lived in the city before Nazi occupation, only 300 survived. 10,000 Japanese troops were reported killed making a strong counterattack on Guam's Orote Peninsula. British forces captured seven hill positions east of Palel on the Impahl-Tamu road in the Indian state of Manipur. U.S. Secretary of War Henry Stimson, after returning from the French and Italian battle fronts, said that the "end of the war is not yet apparent."

Labour
American Federation of Musicians President James Petrillo ordered 16 musicians with radio station KSTP in St. Paul, Minnesota to strike despite a court injunction.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Hard Day's Night/Things We Said Today--The Beatles

#1 single in France: J'y Pense et Puis J'oublie--Claude François (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): In ginocchio da te--Gianni Morandi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Liebeskummer lohnt sich nicht--Siw Malmkvist (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rag Doll--The 4 Seasons (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles
2 Rag Doll--The 4 Seasons
3 I Get Around--The Beach Boys
4 Memphis--Johnny Rivers
5 The Little Old Lady (From Pasadena)--Jan & Dean
6 The Girl from Ipanema--Getz/Gilberto
7 Dang Me--Roger Miller
8 Wishin' and Hopin'--Dusty Springfield
9 Can't You See that She's Mine--The Dave Clark Five
10 Everybody Loves Somebody--Dean Martin

Singles entering the chart were I'll Cry Instead by the Beatles (#74); Such a Night by Elvis Presley (#76); A House is Not a Home by Brook Benton (#79); And I Love Her by George Martin and his Orchestra (#82); No One to Cry To by Ray Charles (#83); Maybe I Know by Lesley Gore (#84); Darling It's Wonderful by Dale & Grace (#93); I'll Keep You Satisfied by Billy J. Kramer with the Dakotas (#94); You're Gonna Miss Me by B.B. King (#95); It's All Over Now by the Rolling Stones (#96); Sole Sole Sole by Siw Malmkvist and Umberto Marcato (#97); Shout by Lulu and the Luvers (#98); Invisible Tears by the Ray Conniff Singers (#99); Selfish One by Jackie Ross (#100); and Say You by Ronnie Dove (also #100). And I Love Her was the A-side (or maybe the B-side) of Ringo's Theme (This Boy); both were from the movie A Hard Day's Night.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Edmonton (0-1) 20 @ Ottawa (3-0) 32

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): If Ma Could See Me Now--The Times

Diplomacy
The Greek, Turkish, and British foreign ministers began talks in Geneva on a solution of the crisis in Cyprus, 10 days after Cypriot President Archbishop Makarios had been deposed in a coup led by the 650-member Greek-dominated Cypriot National Guard.

Defense
At the request of the United Nations, the Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau increased the Canadian contingent of the United Nations peacekeeping force on Cyprus from 486 to 950.

Society
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 against a plan to desegregate the predominantly black Detroit school system by merging it with predominantly white neighbouring districts. In the majority opinion, Chief Justice Warren Burger argued that illegal segregation in a city school system could not be eased by combining it with predominantly white suburbs, it was the only apparent way to achieve social balance. Justice Thurgood Marshall, in the dissenting opinion, charged the majority with "emasculation of our constitutional guarantee of equal protection" and termed the decision "a giant step backward in school desegregation.

Scandal
A U.S. federal jury in Washington, D.C. convicted California Lieutenant Governor Ed Reinecke of lying to the United States Senate Judiciary Committee about an International Telephone & Telegraph pledge to help finance the 1972 Republican National Convention. Mr. Reinecke said that the conviction was a "gross miscarriage of justice," and his attorney, James E. Cox, said he would file post-trial motions for mistrial and dismissal of the indictment.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (0-1) 3 @ Toronto (1-0) 19
Calgary (0-1) 20 @ British Columbia (1-0) 23

Mike Rae threw touchdown passes to Doyle Orange and Mike Eben, and Ed Shuttlesworth and Mr. Orange, each playing his first CFL game, rushed for 78 and 75 yards respectively as the Argonauts beat the defending Grey Cup champion Rough Riders before 32,485 fans at CNE Stadium. Toronto defensive back Dave Raimey made 2 interceptions.

Monroe Eley rushed for 112 yards and a touchdown and returned a kickoff 110 yards for another touchdown as the Lions edged the Stampeders at Empire Stadium in Vancouver.

WFL
New York (1-2) 17 @ Philadelphia (1-2) 15

30 years ago
1984


Died on this date
Bryan Hextall, 80
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Hextall played left wing and right wing with the New York Rangers from 1937-1944; 1945; and 1946-1948. He led the NHL in goals in 1939-40 with 24 and again the following season with 26, and scored the Stanley Cup-winning goal in overtime in the sixth game of the 1940 finals against the Toronto Maple Leafs, giving the Rangers their last Stanley Cup until 1994. Mr. Hextall won the Art Ross Trophy in 1941-42, leading the NHL with 56 points. In 449 NHL regular season games he scored 362 points on 187 goals and 175 assists, and added 8 goals and 9 assists in 37 playoff games. Mr. Hextall was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1969. His sons Bryan, Jr. and Dennis and grandson Ron Hextall all had respectable careers as NHL players, while great-grandson Brett Hextall is currently playing in the American Hockey League. Mr. Hextall died 6 days before his 71st birthday.

Big Mama Thornton, 57. U.S. musician. Willie Mae Thornton was a rhythm and blues pioneer who played drums and harmonica, but was best known as a singer. Her best known recording was Hound Dog, which she performed with the Johnny Otis Orchestra; it reached #1 on the Billboard Rhythm and Blues chart in 1952, four years before Elvis Presley's version reached #1 on the pop chart.

Space
Salyut 7 cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to perform a space walk.

Politics and government
U.S. President Ronald Reagan, at a campaign rally in Austin, Texas, charged that the Democrats were planning billions of dollars in new spending and taxes, and said that the Democratic ticket was "so far left they’ve left America."

25 years ago
1989


Died on this date
Steve Rubell, 45
. U.S. entrepreneur. Mr. Rubell and partner Ian Schrager operated several nightclubs in New York City, most notably Studio 54, which attracted many celebrity patrons during its peak period from April 1977-February 1980. The good times for Messrs. Rubell and Schrager were interrupted when they both served a year in prison from 1980-1981 for income tax evasion. Mr. Rubell, a heavy-drinking, drug-using sodomite, died after a long battle with AIDS.

Canadiana
The Canadian War Museum, assisted by public donations, paid $79,000 at an auction in London to acquire the Victoria Cross awarded posthumously to Private William Milne of Saskatchewan. The Victoria Cross was one of the five awarded to Canadians for the Battle of Vimy Ridge in 1917.

Health
The Princess of Wales opened the Landmark AIDS Centre in southeast London.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (2-1) 43 @ Ottawa (0-3) 32

20 years ago
1994


Diplomacy
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and King Hussein of Jordan signed the Washington Declaration, formally ending the state of war that had existed between the nations since 1948, and starting negotiations to achieve a lasting peace between Israel and Jordan. U.S. President Bill Clinton also signed the Declaration in a ceremony on the White House lawn.

World events
Canada sent a 200-member field hospital unit to the Rwanda-Zaire border area.

Thursday, July 24, 2014

July 24, 2014

480 years ago
1534


Exploration
Jacques Cartier landed at rocky Penouille Point on the Gaspé coast of what is now Quebec, and erected a 10-metre-high cross, bearing fleur-de-lys and the motto "Vive le Roy de France." He took possession of the mainland of Canada in the name of King François I.

200 years ago
1814


War
In the War of 1812, British forces commanded General Phineas Riall advanced by night toward the Niagara River with 1,000 men to hold back Jacob Brown's American invaders. Gen. Riall was greatly outnumbered and waited for reinforcements from Kingston under General Sir Gordon Drummond.

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate forces under General Jubal Early defeated Union troops led by General George Crook in the Second Battle of Kernstown at Kernstown, Virginia in an effort to keep them out of the Shenandoah Valley.

125 years ago
1889

Baseball

Joe Dowie of the Baltimore Orioles went 5-for-6 in a 17-3 rout of the Louisville Colonels. Mr. Dowie ended up with only 17 hits in his big-league career.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this dae
Ed Mirvish
. U.S.-born Canadian businessman. In 1948 Mr. Mirvish opened the discount store Honest Ed's, which became a landmark on Bloor Street in downtown Toronto. He died on July 11, 2007, 13 days before his 93rd birthday.

90 years ago
1924


Politics and government
Archaeologist Themistoklis Sofoulis took office as Prime Minister of Greece.

80 years ago
1934

Weather

Chicago recorded its highest temperature to date, 105 F.

Baseball
Les Tietje pitched a 6-hitter in the record heat in Chicago to lead the White Sox past the Washington Nationals 4-1 at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Johnny Gill’s home run accounted for the lone Washington run.

The New York Yankees lost centre fielder Earle Combs for the rest of the season with a broken collarbone and fractured skull when he crashed into the center field wall at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis in a game against the St. Louis Browns. The Yankees also lost the game, 4-2. They called up George Selkirk from the Newark Bears of the International League only to learn that Mr. Selkirk had broken his arm that day.

70 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Aluminum Crutch

War
Soviet troops captured Lublin, splitting the German armies in Poland east of the Vistula and San Rivers by cutting their north-south communications. Japanese troops retreated from the Driniumor River valley in the Aitape-Wewak area of Dutch New Guinea.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull said that the U.S. stand toward Argentina remained unchanged.

Politics and government
American Democratic Committee Chairman Gleason Archer announced that the group would support Republican Party candidate Thomas Dewey for President in the November 1944 election.

Labour
Veterans of Foreign Wars Commander Carl Schoeninger said that he had agreements with the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations pledging preferential treatment for war veterans.

60 years ago
1954


Hit Parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Wanted--Perry Como

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen (Best Seller--8th week at #1; Disc Jockey--7th week at #1); Three Coins in the Fountain--The Four Aces (Jukebox--1st week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen (6th week at #1)
2 Hernando's Hideaway--Archie Bleyer
3 Three Coins in the Fountain--The Four Aces
--[Frank Sinatra]
4 The Little Shoemaker--The Gaylords
--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra
5 Sh-Boom--The Crew-Cuts
--The Chords
6 The Happy Wanderer--Frank Weir and his Orchestra
--Henri Rene's Musette
7 I Understand Just How You Feel--The Four Tunes
--June Valli
8 Goodnight, Sweetheart, Goodnight--The McGuire Sisters
--Sunny Gale
9 If You Love Me (Really Love Me)--Kay Starr
--Vera Lynn
10 The High and the Mighty--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
--LeRoy Holmes and his Orchestra
--Victor Young and his Orchestra
--Johnny Desmond

Singles entering the chart were the versions of The High and the Mighty by Leroy Holmes and his Orchestra, Victor Young and his Orchestra, and Johnny Desmond; Period by the Four Knights (#35); The Gal that Got Away by Frank Sinatra and The Man that Got Away by Jeri Southern (#40); How Blue? by the Mills Brothers (#41); Take Everything But You by Kitty Kallen (#44); and The Call of the South by Bing and Gary Crosby (#46). The Gal that Got Away and The Man that Got Away were versions of the song originally sung by Judy Garland in the movie A Star is Born (1954).

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Won't Forget You--Jim Reeves

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Thank You Girl--The Beatles
3 As Long as I'm Sure of You--Bobby Curtola
4 Lucky Star--Rick Nelson
5 Can't You See that She's Mine--The Dave Clark Five
6 Memphis--Johnny Rivers
7 Such a Night--Elvis Presley
8 Dang Me--Roger Miller
9 C'mon Everybody--Elvis Presley
8 All My Loving--The Beatles
10 Rag Doll--The 4 Seasons
Pick hit of the week: Ringo's Theme (This Boy)--George Martin and his Orchestra
New this week: Little Latin Lupe Lu--The Kingsmen
Oh What a Kiss--Johnny Rivers
I'll Cry Instead--The Beatles
Silly Old Summertime--The New Christy Minstrels
Let Me Close--Skeeter Davis
It's All Over Now--The Rolling Stones

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
James Chadwick, 82
. U.K. physicist. Dr. Chadwick was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery of the neutron" in 1932.

Scandal
The United States Supreme Court ruled 8-0 that President Richard Nixon did not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed tapes of 64 White House conversations and ordered him to surrender the tapes to Leon Jaworski, the special prosecutor investigating the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up. The House of Representatives Judiciary Committee began hearings on articles of impeachment for President Nixon.

Politics and government
Konstantinos Karamanlis arrived in Greece to become Prime Minister following the collapse of the country's military junta, beginning Greece's metapolitefsi era.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-1) 12 @ Montreal (1-0) 20

Johnny Rodgers caught 5 passes for 128 yards, including a 70-yard touchdown pass from quarterback Jimmy Jones, as the Alouettes beat the Tiger-Cats before 15,246 fans at Autostade in the CFL's earliest regular season opener to date. Mr. Rodgers ran backward for the last several yards of his touchdown run, which didn't impress the Tiger-Cats. Mr. Jones also threw a 16-yard touchdown pass to Larry Smith.

WFL
Southern California (2-1) 22 @ Jacksonville (1-2) 19
Houston (1-2) 3 @ Florida (3-0) 15
Memphis (2-1) 33 @ Birmingham (3-0) 58
Chicago (3-0) 29 @ Portland (1-2) 22
Detroit (0-3) 16 @ Hawaii (1-2) 36

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Big in Japan--Alphaville (6th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The United States responded privately to the U.S.S.R.’s call for a ban on space weapons with its own draft of a joint statement.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister John Turner, Progressive Conservative leader Brian Mulroney, and New Democratic Party leader Ed Broadbent met in a nationally-televised French-language debate, the first time in Canadian history that the party leaders had debated in French.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan said that he had no plans to raise taxes in 1985.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the Consumer Price Index had risen 0.2% in June.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Look--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Look--Roxette (5th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM):
1 Express Yourself--Madonna
2 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
3 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
4 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
5 Toy Soldiers--Martika
6 Batdance--Prince
7 So Alive--Love and Rockets
8 This Time I Know it's for Real--Donna Summer
9 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
10 Rooms on Fire--Stevie Nicks

Singles entering the chart were Waterline by Paradox (#79); Secret Rendezvous by Karyn White (#82); Little Fighter by White Lion (#87); Runnin' Down a Dream by Tom Petty (#89); Anything Can Happen by Was (Not Was) (#91); If I Could Turn Back Time by Cher (#93); and Breakthru by Queen (#94).

Politics and government
Japanese Prime Minister Sousuke Uno announced that he took responsibility for his Liberal Democratic Party’s poor showing in the previous day’s upper house election, and that he would resign his office when a replacement was chosen. Mr. Uno had been prime Minister for just seven weeks.

Business
A Delaware Supreme Court panel upheld the July 14 Chancery Court ruling that rejected an attempt by Paramount Communications and some Time, Inc. stockholders to prevent Time's purchase of Warner Communications. Paramount withdrew its offer, and Time immeidately acquired Warner for $14 billion--$70 per share.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Eins, zwei, polizei--Mo-Do (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: 7 Seconds--Youssou N'Dour and Neneh Cherry (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (9th week at #1)

10 years ago
2004


Crime
A Mexican federal judge dismissed the case brought the previous day by a special prosecutor against former President (1970-1976) Luis Echevarria, who had been accused of genocide for odering the massacre of 25 student protesters in 1971.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-4) 40 @ Calgary (1-4) 21

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

July 23, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Alla!

200 years ago
1814


War
In Ohio, representatives of the Shawnee, Delaware, Seneca, Wyandot and Miami people made peace with American forces and enlisted against the British in the War of 1812, following the death of the Indian leader Tecumseh.

150 years ago
1864


Born on this date
Apolinario Mabini
. Prime Minister of the Philippines, 1899. Mr. Mabini was the first Prime Minister of the Philippines from January 23-May 7, 1899 and served as Foreign Minister from 1899-1901. He was deported to Guam in 1901 for opposing American rule of his country, but returned to the Philippines in February 1903 after swearing allegiance to the United States. Mr. Mabini died of cholera on May 13, 1903 at the age of 38.

110 years ago
1904


Popular culture
The ice cream cone was reportedly created by Charles E. Menches at the World's Fair in St. Louis.

100 years ago
1914


Diplomacy
Austria-Hungary issued a series of demands in an ultimatum to the Kingdom of Serbia demanding that Serbia allow the Austrians to determine who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28. Serbia accepted all but one of the demands.

Society
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Robert Borden forced the Japanese freighter Komagata Maru to leave Vancouver Harbour with its cargo of 376 passengers, mostly Sikhs, after a Board of Enquiry ruled that they caouldnot land. The ship departed for Hong Kong as thousands on the Vancouver docks cheered.

75 years ago
1939

Baseball

The St. Louis Cardinals blanked the Brooklyn Dodgers 12-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 27,499 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn in a game in which yellow baseballs were used. The Cardinals completed the sweep with an 8-2 win in the second game.

70 years ago
1944


War
Lieutenant General H.G.D. Crerar set up First Canadian Army headquarters in France. The Canadian army went into action for the first time as a separate unit, taking over the front south of Caen, composed of General Guy Simonds' 2nd Corps, including the 1st Polish Division and the 51st Highland Division, and the 1st British Corps, with its Dutch and Belgian brigades. U.S. troops in Italy fought their way into Pisa, taking the part of the city south of the Arno River. Soviet units in Poland entered Lublin, 85 miles southeast of Warsaw. U.S. Marines landed on Tinian Island, 2 1/2 miles southwest of Saipan, against light opposition. U.S. forces crossed the base of Orote Peninsula on Guam's west coast, cutting off the island's largest airfield.

Law
Indictments against 26 Japanese-American internees in California on charges of draft evasion were dismissed under a ruling that they "are in custody and not free agents."

Economics and finance
The U.S. National Planning Association in Washington published a tax program prepared by Beardsley Rumi and H. Christian Sonne which recommended a balanced budget and abolition of income tax on corporations. The plan argued that corporate taxes were passed on to the public and that relief would result in lower prices and increased production and employment.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cara Mia--David Whitfield (4th week at #1)

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles

Space
The mission of the Soviet satellite Cosmos 35 ended, eight days after launch.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Pot pour rire Mr le Président--Patrick Green & Olivier Lejeune (8th week at #1)

Politics and government
Discredited by its participation in the recent coup in Cyprus and faced with the possibility of war with Turkey, Greece's military junta collapsed, and former Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis was invited to lead a new government. Meanwhile, newly-installed Cypriot President Nikos Sampson ceded the presidency to Glafkos Clerides, the widely-respected President of the House of Representatives. Mr. Sampson said that since his primary mission--the overthrow of the "personal rule" of President Archbishop Makarios--had been accomplished, it was time to turn the presidency over to a man with acknowledged negotiating skill. The Greek government recognized Archbishop Makarios as the legal leader of Cyprus.

Scandal
U.S. Representative Lawrence Hogan (Republican--Maryland) announced that he would vote for the impeachment of President Richard Nixon because Mr. Nixon had lied repeatedly about the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C.

U.S. Senator Edward Gurney (Republican--Florida), facing charges of influence peddling and extortion, abandoned his re-election campaign in order to prepare his defense.

Economics and finance
The Bank of Canada raised its prime lending rate to 9.25%.

Baseball
Major League All-Star Game @ Three Rivers Stadium, Pittsburgh
American League 2 @ National League 7

Steve Garvey of the Los Angeles Dodgers, who had been voted to the National League starting lineup as a write-in candidate, had a double and single, scored a run, and batted in a run, and was named the game's most valuable player as the NL defeated the AL before 50,706 fans for its 11th win in the previous 12 All-Star Games.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go--Wham! (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
Israel held a general parliamentary election, but results weren’t announced for another three days.

Diplomacy
Jose Napoleon Duarte, President of El Salvador, met with U.S. President Ronald Reagan and leaders of the House of Representatives in Washington.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the real gross national product had risen by 7.5% in the second quarter of 1984.

Health
A British government report found higher than normal levels of leukemia near the nuclear power plant at Sellafield in Cumbria, but said that the cluster was not necessarily linked to the plant.

Scandal
Vanessa Williams, Miss America for 1984, relinquished her title two months before the end of her reign because of publicity concerning nude photographs of her that were about to be published in Penthouse magazine. First runner-up Suzette Charles of New Jersey succeeded Miss Williams as Miss America for the remainder of her term.

Disasters
Two Amtrak trains collided head-on in Queens, New York, killing one passenger and injuring more than 100.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Express Yourself--Madonna

Politics and government
Japan’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party trailed the Socialist Party in elections for half the seats in the upper house of the Diet. The LDP, under the leadership of Prime Minister Sousuke Uno, held only 109 seats to 143 seats for all opposition parties.

The Israeli cabinet endorsed Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir's original peace plan, which called for elections in the occupied territories to choose Palestinians who could discuss autonomy measures and a peace settlement with Israel.

Economics and finance
Mexican President Carlos Salinas announced that negotiations between Mexico and a committee representing 500 creditor banks had resulted in an agreement that would reduce the nation’s $54 billion commercial bank debt. The agreement marked the first success for the strategy of the U.S. administration of President George Bush to head off the debt crisis in backward countries, and the first time that commercial bank creditors had agreed to significant reduction of debt during the crisis. Under the plan, creditors could choose one of three broad options: reduce the principal; reduce interest; or extend more credit.

Cycling
Greg LeMond of the United States won the Tour de France for the second time. His winning margin over runner-up Laurent Fignon of France was just 8 seconds, the closest finish ever.

Golf
Mark Calcavecchia won a 4-hole playoff with Greg Norman and Wayne Grady to win the British Open at Royal Troon Golf Club in Troon, Scotland. First prize money was £80,000 ($128,000).

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Swear--All-4-One (10th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base
2 Any Time, Any Place/And On and On--Janet Jackson
3 I Swear--All-4-One
4 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories
5 Anytime You Need a Friend--Mariah Carey
6 Back and Forth--Aaliyah
7 If You Go--Jon Secada
8 Can You Feel the Love Tonight--Elton John
9 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton
10 Shine--Collective Soul

Singles entering the chart were Do You Wanna Get Funky by C&C Music Factory (#81); You Gotta Be by Des'ree (#88); Long View by Green Day (#89); and Love is All Around by Wet Wet Wet (#90).

Football
CFL
Shreveport (0-3) 24 @ Baltimore (2-1) 40
Winnipeg (1-2) 19 @ Calgary (2-1) 58
Sacramento (2-1) 22 @ Las Vegas (2-1) 20

Tracy Ham passed for 3 touchdowns and rushed for another as the Baltimore Football Club defeated the Pirates before 31,172 fans at Memorial Stadium.

Doug Flutie passed for 6 touchdowns and rushed for 2 more as the Stampeders routed the Blue Bombers before 26,243 fans at McMahon Stadium. Calgary led 28-14 after the 1st quarter.

David Archer completed a 32-yard touchdown pass to Rod Harris on the last play of the game to give the Gold Miners their win over the Posse before 10,740 fans at Sam Boyd Stadium.

10 years ago
2004


Defense
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Paul Martin announced that it would buy 28 navy helicopters for $3.2 billion from U.S.-based Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation to replace the Canadian Armed Forces' fleet of aging Sea King helicopters.

Football
CFL
Montreal (6-0) 34 @ Hamilton (3-3) 13

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

July 22, 2014

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Eileen Sasakamoose!

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate General John Bell Hood led an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill, outside Atlanta.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
James Whale
. U.K.-born U.S. movie director. Mr. Whale was best known for the films Journey's End (1930); Waterloo Bridge (1931); Frankenstein (1931); The Old Dark House (1932); The Invisible Man (1933); and Bride of Frankenstein (1935). He committed suicide by drowning himself in his swimming pool on May 29, 1957 at the age of 67.

120 years ago
1894


Auto racing
The world's first motor race was held in France between the cities of Paris and Rouen. The fastest finisher was Comte Jules-Albert de Dion, but the "official" victory was awarded to Albert Lemaître, driving his 3 horsepower petrol-engined Peugeot.

80 years ago
1934


Died on this date
John Dillinger, 31
. U.S. criminal. After a string of bank robberies and the murders of several policemen, Mr. Dillinger was gunned down in an ambush led by Federal Bureau of Investigation Special Agent Melvin Purvis as he walked out of the Biograph Theater in Chicago after seeing the movie Manhattan Melodrama (1934).

Baseball
43-year-old Dazzy Vance recorded his 2,000th career strikeout and pitched his last major league complete game as the St. Louis Cardinals defeated the Boston Braves 4-2 in the second game of a doubleheader at Braves Field in Boston. The Cardinals won the first game 5-4.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Seeing You--Bing Crosby (3rd week at #1)

War
Soviet troops broke into the streets of Pskov, the last pre-World War II city in German hands. Three allied colums in Italy menaced Florence, while patrols on the west coast pirced the German lines less than 4 miles from Pisa. Chindits in northern Burma captured Pungan and Ngusharawng, 17 miles west of Mogaung.

Politics and government
General Kuniaki Koiso took office as Prime Minister and Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai took office as deputy Prime Minister of Japan. They had been named by Emperor Hirohito to form a new cabinet with "joint repsonsibility for government leadership." The new leaders announced that they would "work for thoroughgoing realization of the principles of the Greater East Asia Declaration, thereby carrying the sacred war to complete victory, setting the Imperial mind at rest."

The Polish Committee of National Liberation published its manifesto.

Economics and finance
The 44-nation Bretton Woods conference ended with an agreement to establish an international loan fund of $8.8 billion to stabilize world currencies and a World Bank with $9.1 billion in capitalization to help needy nations with loans.

Law
A U.S. appellate court in Chicago reversed the convictions of five people who had been found guilty of treason for harbouring German spy Herbert Haupt. The reversal was based on a U.S. Supreme Court decision prohibiting use of statements by the defendants before their formal arraignment. The death sentence of Hans Haupt, the spy's father, was changed to life imprisonment.

Journalism
The Argentine government lifted censorship of outgoing news dispatches filed by accredited correspondents.

Horse racing
Count Fleet, the 1943 Triple Crown winner and Horse of the Year, was retired after failing to recover from an injury sustained in the 1943 Belmont Stakes.

50 years ago
1964


At the movies
Marnie, directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Tippi Hedren and Sean Connery, opened in theatres.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (0-1) 14 @ Montreal (1-1) 17
Winnipeg (0-2) 7 @ Toronto (2-0) 17
Hamilton (1-1) 7 @ Calgary (2-1) 33

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Wayne Morse, 73
. U.S. politician. Mr. Morse, a Republican who became an independent and then a Democrat, represented Oregon in the United States Sente from 1945-1969. He was best known for being one of just two Senators to oppose, on constitutional grounds, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964 that authorized an expansion of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.

War
Following intensive negotiations headed by the U.K. and U.S.A., a United Nations-sponsored cease-fire in Cyprus between Greece and Turkey went into effect. Greece and Turkey agreed to meet in Geneva for talks on Cyprus, where the Greek-dominated Cypriot National Guard had deposed President Archbishop Makarios on July 15.

Politics and government
The Ethiopian military ousted Prime Minister Endalkachew, accusing him of responsibility in the government's failure to institute reforms.

Scandal
U.S. District Court Judge Gerhard Gesell dismissed a charge of making false statements to Federal Bureau of Investigation against former White House aide John Ehrlichman, ruling that the charge was irrelevant to Mr. Ehrlichman's case. Mr. Ehrlichman had already been convicted of violating the civil rights of Dr. Lewis Fielding, former psychiatrist to former U.S. Defense Department employee Daniel Ellsberg. Dr. Fielding's office had been broken into in 1971 after Mr. Ellsberg had released the "Pentagon Papers"--documents related to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War--to the press.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Self Control--Laura Branigan (4th week at #1)

Golf
Seve Ballasteros won the British Open at the Old Course at St Andrews in St Andrews, Scotland with a 12-under-par score of 276, 2 strokes ahead of Bernhard Langer and Tom Watson. First prize money was £55,000 ($71, 500).

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-2) 26 @ Toronto (3-1) 43
British Columbia (2-1) 3 @ Winnipeg (2-1) 25

The Edmonton Eskimos went into the game at Exhibition Stadium without quarterback Matt Dunigan, who had fallen asleep while wearing his contact lenses and was in tremendous pain. Johnny Evans started in his place, and threw 2 touchdown passes to Brian Kelly, giving Mr. Kelly 10 touchdowns in the first 4 games of the season. Backup quarterback Kevin Ingram threw to Marco Cyncar for a touchdown in the fourth quarter, and passed to Larry Cowan for a 2-point convert. The pass to Mr. Cyncar was Mr. Ingram’s only CFL touchdown pass. For the Argonauts, Joe Barnes relieved Condredge Holloway at quarterback in the second quarter and proceeded to throw 6 touchdown passes, including one to linebacker William Miller.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Look--Roxette (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Johnny, Johnny Come Home--Avalanche (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Viva la Mamma--Edoardo Bennato (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): No More Boleros--Gerard Joling (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: You'll Never Stop Me Loving You--Sonia

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Toy Soldiers--Martika

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Express Yourself--Madonna
2 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
3 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
4 Batdance--Prince
5 Toy Soldiers--Martika
6 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
7 I Drove All Night--Cyndi Lauper
8 What You Don't Know--Expose
9 Satisfied--Richard Marx
10 Lay Your Hands on Me--Bon Jovi

Singles entering the chart were Hangin' Tough by New Kids on the Block (#70); Kisses on the Wind by Neneh Cherry (#77); Tell Me I'm Not Dreaming by Robert Palmer (#80); Jackie Brown by John Cougar Mellencamp (#87); and Don't Say You Love Me by Billy Squier (#90).

20 years ago
1994


Space
Comet Shoemaker-Levy finished six days of impacts on Jupiter. 21 fragments of the comet, impacting at 130,000 miles per hour, produced huge plumes of dust and gas and dark discolourations on the planet's surface. One fragment hit with a force of 250 million megatons of TNT.

World events
The United Nations urged refugees in Rwanda to return home, as dysentery and cholera were taking a heavy toll. U.S. President Bill Clinton ordered the U.S. Defense Department to mount a major relief effort.

Defense
U.S. District Court Judge C. Weldon Hauck ordered the Citadel, a state-financed military college in Charleston, South Carolina, to admit Shannon Faulkner, whose admittance had been withdrawn in 1993 after the college had found out that she was a woman. Judge Hauck ruled the Citadel to be in violation of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution's provision for equal protection under the law. The school said it would appeal.

Crime
Former U.S. football star O.J. Simpson was arraigned in Los Angeles for the June 12 murders of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. Mr. Simpson pled not guilty to the charges.

Died on this date
George Kidd, 87
. U.K.-born Canadian diplomat. Mr. Kidd was named Canada's first Ambassador to Israel in 1954, and was Ambassador to Cuba at the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.

Illinois Jacquet, 81. U.S. musician. Mr. Jacquet was a jazz tenor saxophonist whose solo on the 1942 Lionel Hampton Orchestra recording of Flying Home has been recognized as the first rhythm and blues saxophone solo.

Sacha Distel, 71. French musician. Mr. Distel, a guitarist and singer, was known for his recordings of the songs La Belle Vie (The Good Life) and Raindrops Keep Falling on My Head, as well as French-language versions of various songs originally recorded by English-speaking artists.

Defense
A bipartisan committee of the United States Congress completed a 19-month investigation with the release of a report calling for sweeping changes in the country's intelligence agencies and the creation of a cabinet-level intelligence director.

War
A United States Army report on abuse of prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq blamed rogue soldiers for the scandal. The Army Inspector General contradicted other reports when he concluded that the prison abuse was not a systemic problem.

Crime
Police in Brampton, Ontario arrested Min Chen, 21, a visa student from China, for the murder of Cecilia Zhang, who had been abducted from her Toronto home in October 2003.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (2-3) 48 @ Winnipeg (2-3) 17

Monday, July 21, 2014

July 21, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Garland Grayston!

240 years ago
1774


War
Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca, ending the Russo-Turkish War.

125 years ago
1889


Died on this date
Nelson Dewey, 75
. U.S. politician. Mr. Dewey, a Democrat was the 1st Governor of Wisconsin from 1848-1852.

110 years ago
1904


Transportation
Louis Rigolly of France became the first man to break the 100 miles per hour barrier on land. He drove a 15-litre Gobron-Brille in Ostend, Belgium.

100 years ago
1914


War
The Crown Council of Romania decided for the country to remain neutral in World War I.

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Claus von Stauffenberg, 36
. German military officer. Colonel Stauffenberg and fellow conspirators were executed in Berlin for the July 20 attempt to assassinate German dictator Adolf Hitler.

War
Soviet troops enveloped Ostrov in their drive toward the Latvian border. U.S. troops on the west coast of Guam repulsed two Japanese attacks and took Mount Allan, more than a mile inland.

Politics and government
At the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt selected U.S. Senator Harry Truman (Missouri) as his vice presidential running mate. The final ballot gave Sen. Truman 1,031 votes to 105 for incumbent Vice President Henry Wallace.

60 years ago
1954


Diplomacy
The Geneva Conference partitioned Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam, ending eight years of war in Indochina between France and the Viet Minh.

50 years ago
1964


Died on this date
Mary Sherman, 51
. U.S. physician. Dr. Sherman was an orthopedic surgeon who eventually worked at Tulane University in New Orleans and became an internationally-known researcher in bone cancer. She was found dead in her apartment, burned and stabbed. Dr. Sherman's murder has been linked with a number of conspiracy theories, including those of the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy.

40 years ago
1974


War
Heavy fighting continued in northern Cyprus between Turkish forces on one side and Greeks and Greek Cypriots on the other. A naval clash in the Mediterranean Sea ended with Turkish claims that it had halted a Greek landing on Cyprus.

Protest
More than 10,000 Greek-Cypriots and left-wing activists took to the streets of London in support of an independent Cyprus and the restoration of Archbishop Makarios as Cyprus's President.

Baseball
Eddie Mathews was fired as manager of the Atlanta Braves, almost two years after replacing Lum Harris. The Braves had a record of 50-49 and were in fourth place in the National League West Division, 14 games behind the first-place Los Angeles Dodgers at the time of Mr. Mathews' firing, and had lost 6 of their last 7 games. Clyde King replaced Mr. Mathews as the Braves' manager.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Self Control--Raf (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go--Wham!

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go--Wham!

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Two Tribes--Frankie Goes To Hollywood (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): When Doves Cry--Prince (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 When Doves Cry--Prince (2nd week at #1)
2 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
3 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr.
4 The Reflex--Duran Duran
5 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol
6 Jump (For My Love)--The Pointer Sisters
7 Almost Paradise...Love Theme from Footloose--Mike Reno and Ann Wilson
8 Infatuation--Rod Stewart
9 State of Shock--The Jacksons with Mick Jagger
10 Doctor! Doctor!--Thompson Twins

Singles entering the chart were If This is It by Huey Lewis and the News (#56); She Bop by Cyndi Lauper (#60); Dynamite by Jermaine Jackson (#66); Right By Your Side by Eurythmics (#86); Happy Ending by Joe Jackson (#87); and Cruel Summer by Bananarama (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Self Control--Laura Branigan
2 Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry
3 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
4 Sister Christian--Night Ranger
5 Let's Hear it for the Boy--Deniece Williams
6 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol
7 Time After Time--Cyndi Lauper
8 Almost Paradise...Love Theme from Footloose--Mike Reno and Ann Wilson
9 Jump (For My Love)--Pointer Sisters
10 State of Shock--The Jacksons with Mick Jagger

Singles entering the chart were She Bop by Cyndi Lauper (#44); She's Mine by Steve Perry (#46); and All of You by Julio Iglesias and Diana Ross (#47).

World events
The Polish government proclaimed an amnesty, approved by parliament, that would release 652 political prisoners within 30 days. the amnesty would also apply to 35,000 criminals serving short sentences. Premier Wojciech Jaruzelski called the amnesty "a humanitarian act" and an "expression of the strength of the state," while warning political prisoners not to engage in anti-state activities in the future. The United States State Department said that it would study the amnesty before deciding whether to lift sanctions established after the imposition of martial law in Poland in 1981.

Politics and government
Walter Mondale, Democratic party candidate for President of the United States, alleged that President Ronald Reagan had a "secret plan" to raise taxes after the election.

Defense
The United States House of Representatives released a study asserting that the U.S. military was unprepared for major conventional warfare despite sharp increases in defense spending. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger rejected the report’s major finding of combat unreadiness, saying that the findings were "dangerously wrong" and perhaps politically motivated. The U.S.S.R. called on the U.S.A. to join in a formal statement pledging both countries to begin talks on banning spece weapons.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-1) 31 @ Montreal (1-2) 28

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Bring Me Edelweiss--Edelweiss

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das Omen (Teil I)--Mysterious Art (4th week at #1)

Boxing
It took Mike Tyson (37-0) just 1 minute and 33 seconds to knock out Carl "The Truth" Williams (22-3) at the Atlantic City Convention Center and retain his world heavyweight title.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-0) 54 @ Calgary (0-2) 4

Tracy Ham and Rick Worman split the quarterbacking for the Eskimos, who overcame an early 3-0 deficit. The rout, which occurred on a night when former Eskimo star and current Stampeder president Norm Kwong was honoured, remains the most lopsided road win in Edmonton Eskimos’ history. Things got so bad in the second half for the Stampeders that when quarterback Tom Porras (who entered the game in relief in his first appearance with the Stampeders after several years with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats) directed the team to a first down, the fans gave their team a standing ovation. This blogger watched the game with his brother from the front row behind the Calgary Stampeders’ bench, and enjoyed the rout immensely. Among those who didn’t enjoy the game were a couple of young male yahoos who came down to the front row to yell obscenities at the Stampeders during the fourth quarter.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Find Me (Odyssey to Anyoona)--Jam & Spoon

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (12th week at #1)

Died on this date
Dorothy Collins, 67
. Canadian-born U.S. singer and actress. Miss Collins, born Marjorie Chandler in Windsor, Ontario, began performing on the television program Your Hit Parade in the 1950's, singing "Be happy, go Lucky" for the sponsor, Lucky Strike cigarettes, and later singing weekly top hits. In the 1960's she helped set up gags on unwitting victims for Allen Funt's Candid Camera.

Space
China's APT Satellite Company launched Apstar-1, its first satellite, without consultaztion with international bodies who monitored satellites to make sure they did not interfere with each other. The launch raised concerns that the two satellites closest to Apstar-1--Japan's Sakura-3A and Tonga's Rimsat-1--would have their operations disrupted by static from the new satellites and that Amstar-1 itself would not be fully functional, either.

Politics and government
Tony Blair, 41, became the youngest leader in the history of the British Labour Party when he was chosen to replace the late John Smith, who had died of a heart attack two months earlier. Mr. Blair was expected to continue Mr. Smith's policy of moving the party, the U.K.'s official Opposition, toward the political centre.

The Inuit of Quebec signed a self-government agreement with the government of Quebec, setting up a framework to create an elected assembly that would take on existing powers as well as policing, wildlife management, education, and social services.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-3) 25 @ British Columbia (3-0) 42 (OT)

Less Browne returned an interception 40 yards for a touchdown in overtime as the Lions overcame a 22-10 3rd-quarter deficit to defeat the Tiger-Cats before 18,976 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. kicker and punter Lui Passaglia set a CFL record by appearing in his 289th career regular season game.

Died on this date
Edward B. Lewis, 86
. U.S. geneticist. Dr. Lewis shared the 1995 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard and Eric Wieshaus "for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development."

Jerry Goldsmith, 75. U.S. composer. Mr. Goldsmith wrote scores for many movies and television programs, too numerous to list here. He won the Academy Award for his original score for The Omen (1976).

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-3) 25 @ Toronto (4-2) 28