Tuesday, 25 July 2017

July 26, 2017

1,675 years ago
342


Died on this date
Cheng, 21 (?)
. Emperor of China, 325-342. Cheng, born Sima Yan, was the son of Ming, Emperor of the eastern Jin Dynasty, and succeeded his father on the throne at the age of 4. His administration was largely governed by a succession of regents until his death from an illness. Cheng was succeeded by his younger brother Emperor Kang.

170 years ago
1847


Africana
Joseph Jenkins Roberts declared Liberia, formerly a colony of the American Colonization Society, an independent republic.

150 years ago
1867


Died on this date
Otto, 52
. King of Greece, 1832-1862. Otto was a Bavarian prince who became the first modern King of Greece under the Convention of London. While on a visit to the in 1862, he was deposed. Otto took refuge on a British warship and returned to Bavaria, where he died in exile.

Adventure
The raft Nonpareil, which had departed New York on June 4, arrived at Southampton, England after crossing the Atlantic Ocean.

Diplomacy
French Emperor Napoleon III asked King Wilhelm I of Prussia to surrender the Danish districts of North Schleswig to Denmark.

130 years ago
1887


Literature
Unua Libro (First Book) by L.L. Zamenhof, was published in Russian in Warsaw. It was the first book to describe the language of Esperanto.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Sam Jones
. U.S. baseball pitcher. "Sad Sam" played with the Cleveland Indians (1914-1915); Boston Red Sox (1916-1921); New York Yankees (1922-1926); St. Louis Browns (1927); Washington Nationals (1928-1931); and Chicago White Sox (1932-1935), compiling a record of 229-217 with an earned run average of 3.84 in 647 regular season games and 0-2 with a 2.05 ERA in 6 World Series games. He was 16-5 with the Red Sox when they won the World Series in 1918; won 23 games in helping the Yankees to their first American League pennant in 1921; and was 21-8 in helping the Yankees win their first World Series championship in 1923. Mr. Jones died on July 6, 1966, 20 days before his 74th birthday and 50th wedding anniversary.

Winnipegana
The first electric car ran on Main Street.

120 years ago
1897


War
During the Anglo-Afghan War, Pashtun fakir Saidullah led an army of more than 10,000 to begin a siege of the British garrison in the Malakand Agency of the North West Frontier Province of India.

80 years ago
1937


War
The Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War ended with a Nationalist victory.

Crime
Haywood Patterson, convicted on January 23, 1937 of rape and sentenced to 75 years in prison as one of the "Scottsboro Boys"--Negro youths accused of raping two white women in Alabama in 1931--was sent to Atmore Prison Farm in Escambia County, while the other four convicted Scottsboro Boys were sent to Kilby Prison, near Montgomery.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Roberto Arlt, 42
. Argentine writer. Mr. Arlt wrote novels and plays, but was best known for his Aguafuertes (Etchings), his columns in the Buenos Aires daily newspaper El Mundo from 1928 until his death from a stroke.

War
U.K. Labour Minister Ernest Bevin warned against a second front creating a division in the country, while 50,000-60-000 demonstrators in London's Trafalgar Square demanded a second front. German forces crossed the Don River south and east of Rostov, while Romanian troops reached the Don west of Stalingrad.

Politics and government
Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho ordered the cancellation of the naturalization papers of all former Axis nationals "whose conduct casts doubt on their loyalty to Mexico."

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Peg o' My Heart--The Harmonicats (3rd week at #1)

Americana
The Library of Congress opened 18,350 papers of Abraham Lincoln for public use.

Politics and government
U.S. President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 into law, creating the Central Intelligence Agency; United States Department of Defense; United States Air Force; Joint Chiefs of Staff; and the United States National Security Council. President Truman nominated Navy Secretary James Forrestal as Defense Secretary.

Economics and finance
After a two-day debate, the French National Assembly approved French participation in the Marshall Plan.

Science
The International Congress for Microbiology in Stockholm condemned bacterial warfare and urged elimination of all secret research.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (17th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Carlos Castillo Armas, 42
. 28th President of Guatemala, 1954-1957. Mr. Castillo Armas took power in a coup orchestrated by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency to topple President Jacobo Árbenz. Mr. Castillo Armas banned all political parties except the National Liberation Movement (MLN) and governed as a dictator until he was assassinated in his palace by Romeo Vásquez Sánchez, a member of the presidential guard with leftist sympathies who then reportedly fled to a nearby room and committed suicide. Mr. Castillo Armas was succeeded by acting President Luis Arturo González López.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. agreed to U.S. proposals for a radio-television exchange agreement provided it be made part of negotiations toward a general accord on the improvement of U.S.-Soviet cultural relations.

Politics and government
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower named attorney William Quinn as Governor of Hawaii, to take office on July 31 upon the resignation of Samuel King.

Scandal
U.S. District Court Judge John Sirica convicted Teamsters union Vice President Frank Brewster in Washington on 31 counts of contempt of Congress for refusing to answer questions or produce subpoenaed records as demanded by the Senate Permanent Investigations subcommittee.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (3rd week at #1)
2 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
3 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
4 Waterloo Sunset--The Kinks
5 This is My Song--Petula Clark
6 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
7 Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw
8 Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead--The Fifth Estate
9 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
10 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies

Singles entering the chart were All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man; I Take it Back by Sandy Posey (#25); Up-Up and Away by the 5th Dimension (#34); Lady/Good Evening Girl by Johnny Young (#38); Come on Down to My Boat by Every Mother's Son (#39); and Woman You're Breaking Me by the Groop (#40).

Diplomacy
French President Charles de Gaulle ended his controversial Canadian tour and flew home to France, after a rebuke from Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson for his "Vive le Québec libre!" statement in Montreal two days earlier.

Religion
Pope Paul VI concluded his two-day peace pilgrimage to Turkey by celebrating eucharist at the Church of St Anthony in Istanbul before visiting Ephesus and Smyrna.
He addressed messages to Roman Catholic and Orthodox believers in Ephesus, and visited the Cathedral of St. John in Smyrna.

40 years ago
1977


Died on this date
Gena Branscombe, 95
. Canadian-born U.S. composer. Miss Branscombe, a native of Picton, Ontario, was best known for her vocal and choral works, including Pilgrims of Destiny (1919).

Politics and government
The National Assembly of Quebec imposed the use of French as the official language of the provincial government.

Disasters
A brush fire destroyed more than 185 homes--each valued at upward of more than $100,000--in Santa Barbara, California. The fire started in the affluent residential community of Montecito when a box kite became entangled in high-voltage power lines.

Hockey
NHL
The Toronto Maple Leafs named Roger Neilson as their new head coach, replacing Red Kelly.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-2) 6 @ Montreal (3-0) 17
Saskatchewan (1-2) 24 @ British Columbia (2-1) 5

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Respectable--Mel and Kim

#1 single in France: La Isla Bonita--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Jim Bishop, 79
. U.S. journalist and author. Mr. Bishop was known for books such as The Day Lincoln was Shot (1955); The Day Christ Died (1957); A Day in the Life of President Kennedy (1964); The Day Kennedy was Shot (1968); and FDR's Last Year: April 1944-April 1945 (1974).

World events
The government of Panama shut down three newspapers.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (2-3) 28 @ Saskatchewan (1-2-1) 25

Alvin Bailey returned an interception 34 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter and Jim Rockford returned a fumble 69 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter as the Tiger-Cats edged the Roughriders before 24,830 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Earl Winfield scored the other Hamilton touchdown on a 71-yard punt return with 1:13 remaining in the 1st half. The Rough Riders also scored a defensive touchdown, as defensive end Nick Hebeler returned a fumble 47 yards in the 3rd quarter. Walter Bender rushed for 2 Saskatchewan TDs, the second coming with 2:47 remaining in regulation time. Mr. Winfield led all receivers with 99 yards on 7 receptions.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'll Be There--Mariah Carey featuring Trey Lorenz (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): ABBA-esque--Erasure

#1 single in Switzerland: Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Mary Wells, 49
. U.S. singer. Miss Wells was the first of the Motown corporation's female artists to achieve success. Her biggest hit was My Guy, which reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in 1964, and reached #5 in the U.K. A contract dispute soon led to her departure from Motown, and personal and professional hardship followed. She died after battling cancer for several years.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Everybody (Backstreet's Back)--Backstreet Boys

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): MMMBop--Hanson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Alane--Wes (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (7th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-4) 19 @ Saskatchewan (3-2) 21

NFL
New York Giants' owner Wellington Mara, whose father invested $500 to buy the team in 1925, and Don Shula, who coached the Miami Dolphins to a perfect season in 1972 and won a record 328 regular-season NFL games with the Baltimore Colts and Miami, were inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

10 years ago
2007


Football
CFL
Montreal (2-3) 26 @ Toronto (2-3) 13

July 25, 2017

550 years ago
1467


War
Troops representing the republics of Florence and Venice fought to an indecisive conclusion in the Battle of Molinella, the first battle in Italy in which firearms were used extensively.

470 years ago
1547


Franciana
King Henri II was crowned at Reims Cathedral.

450 years ago
1567


South Americana
Don Diego de Losada founded the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas--modern-day Caracas.

525 years ago
1492


Died on this date
Innocent VIII, 60 (?)
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1484-1492. Innocent VIII, born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was chosen as a compromise candidate to succeed Sixtus IV after a divisive conclave. Innocent VIII was known for his opposition to witchcraft; he confirmed Tomas de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor of Spain, and issued a bull for the extermination of the Waldensians. Pope Innocent VIII died after a fever and was succeeded by Alexander VI.

225 years ago
1792


War
The Brunswick Manifesto was issued by Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, commander of the Allied Army (principally Austrian and Prussian), to the population of Paris during the War of the First Coalition, threatening that if the French royal family were harmed, then French civilians would be harmed.

220 years ago
1797


War
The Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the Canary Islands concluded with Spanish forces repulsing the British assault, and Royal Navy Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson losing his right arm.

180 years ago
1837


Technology
The first commercial use of an electrical telegraph was successfully demonstrated in London by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone.

150 years ago
1867


War
The Candian War ended.

Politics and government
The Radical convention took place in Charleston, South Carolina.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Fritz Honegger
. Swiss politician. Mr. Honegger was a member of the Swiss Federal Council from 1977-1982, and was President of the Confederation in 1982. He died on March 4, 1999 at the age of 81.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister Sir Thomas White introduced the "War Tax Upon Income" bill to the House of Commons, meeting as a committee of the whole; it was a proposal to levy the first national tax on personal income on Canadians--4% on all income of single men over $2,000. For others, the personal exemption was $3,000; for those Canadians with annual incomes of more than $6,000, the tax rate ranged from 2 to 25 per cent, supposedly as a temporary wartime measure only. The "War Tax Upon Income" act passed and the tax came into effect on September 17, 1917.

90 years ago
1927


Albertana
The Prince of Wales Hotel in Waterton Lakes National Park opened to the public. It was built between 1926-1927 by the Great Northern Railroad, and named for the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VIII. The hotel was designated as a National Historic Site of Canada in 1995.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jingle Jangle Jingle--Kay Kyser Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Fred Englehardt, 63
. U.S. athlete. Mr. Englehardt won the silver medal in the triple jump competition at the 1904 Summer Olympic Games in St. Louis.

War
The Norwegian Manifesto was proclaimed, calling for nonviolent resistance to the German occupation. Germany claimed that Rostov was being cleared of scattered Russian troops. U.S. planes completed seven operations against Tobruk and Bengazi in Libya and Suda Bay in Crete, reportedly causing heavy damage to dock installations.

Abominations
Reports in London indicated that Germans were arresting and deporting Jews in occupied France and the Netherlands to Poland.

Horse racing
1942 Kentucky Derby winner Shut Out won the 1 1/4-mile Arlington Classic in Chicago in a record time of 2:01 2/5.

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
Hungarian President Zoltan Tildy dissolved the National Assembly and set elections for August 31.

Defense
The U.S. Congress passed and sent to President Harry Truman the armed forces unification bill.

Law
U.S. President Truman signed a Senate joint resolution ending 60 wartime emergency laws.

Scandal
Former U.S. Congressman Andrew May and munitions manufacturers Murray and Henry Garsson were given prison sentences of eight months to two years for war contract bribery.

60 years ago
1957


Politics and government
A special session of the Tunisian National Constituent Assembly voted unanimously to depose Sidi Mohammed el-Amin Pasha, Bey of Tunis, and to proclaim the Republic of Tunisia, with Habib Bourguiba as President.

At the request of U.S. Interior Secretary Fred Seaton, Samuel King resigned as Governor of Hawaii effective July 31, after more than four years in office.

Crime
James Tierney, 52, mayor of the Detroit suburb of Garden City, was shot six times and seriously wounded at a city council meeting by longtime political foe Lester Elmhurst.

50 years ago
1967


Religion
Pope Paul VI arrived in Istanbul to begin a two-day peace pilgrimage to Turkey; he visited the Orthodox Patriarchal Church of St. George in Istanbul--becoming the first Roman Catholic pontiff to enter an Eastern Orthodox cathedral since 1054--and exchanged vows of ecumenical unity with Patriarch Atheganoras I. Pope Paul also addressed greetings to President Cevdet Sunay and the government of Turkey; Armenian Patriarch Snork Kalustian; and the leaders of the local Muslim and Jewish communities.

Disasters
A United States Air Force EB-57 bomber crashed at Whitehorse, killing its two-man crew. The plane was trying to penetrate radar systems to test their effectiveness.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Walk Right In--Dr. Hook (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Katte ni Shiyagare--Kenji Sawada (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Fiesta--Raffaella Carrá

Diplomacy
Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti began a three-day visit to Washington, D.C. for talks with U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

Disasters
Typhoon Thelma struck southern Taiwan, killing 28 people, injuring more than 200, and destroying 200,000 homes.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Who's That Girl--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Voyage, voyage--Desireless (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I Want Your Sex--George Michael

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Want Your Sex--George Michael (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Who's That Girl--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Who's That Girl--Madonna

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Alone--Heart (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Alone--Heart (2nd week at #1)
2 Shakedown--Bob Seger
3 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
4 I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2
5 I Want Your Sex--George Michael
6 Songbird--Kenny G
7 Point of No Return--Expose
8 Rhythm is Gonna Get You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
9 Heart and Soul--T'Pau
10 Something so Strong--Crowded House

Singles entering the chart were Touch of Grey by the Grateful Dead (#79); Jump Start by Natalie Cole (#85); U Got the Look by Prince (#89); and Back to Paradise by .38 Special (#90).

Canada’s top 3 (The Record)
1 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)—Whitney Houston
2 Alone—Heart
3 Shakedown—Bob Seger

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Head to Toe--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam
2 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
3 Always--Atlantic Starr
4 Shakedown--Bob Seger
5 Nothing's Gonna Change My Love For You--Glenn Medeiros
6 Alone--Heart
7 Funkytown--Pseudo Echo
8 Heart and Soul--T'Pau
9 I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2
10 You Keep Me Hangin' On--Kim Wilde

Singles entering the chart were Doing it All for My Baby by Huey Lewis and the News (#87); Love Power by Dionne Warwick & Jeffrey Osborne (#91); Back to Paradise by .38 Special (#94); Twistin' the Night Away by Rod Stewart (#96); Ordinary People by the Box (#97); and I'd Still Say Yes by Klymaxx (#98).

Died on this date
Malcolm Baldrige, Jr., 64
. U.S. Secretary of Commerce, 1981-1987. Mr. Baldrige, an experienced horseman, was preparing for a rodeo in Walnut Creek, California, when the horse he was riding reared and fell on him.

Music
Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Rivers, and Smokey Robinson performed on the same bill in downtown Detroit.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-2) 1 @ British Columbia (4-0) 21

Roy Dewalt completed a 3-yard pass to Anthony Parker in the 2nd quarter for the game’s only touchdown and Lui Passaglia added a convert, 4 field goals, and 2 singles as the Lions coasted to victory over the Rough Riders before 33,771 fans at B.C. Place Stadium. Ken Clark’s 56-yard punt single in the 3rd quarter was the only Ottawa point. Ottawa offensive tackle Roger Cattelan, who had eaten breakfast with his team that morning, was nowhere to be seen at game time. The loss began a 13-game losing streak for the Rough Riders.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Hazard--Richard Marx

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kiss of Tears--Southern All Stars

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sensacion de Vivir--Xuxa (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Knockin' on Heaven's Door--Guns N' Roses (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Le Chat--Pow woW (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I'll Be There--Mariah Carey and Trey Lorenz

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Ain't No Doubt--Jimmy Nail (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Baby Got Back--Sir Mix-A-Lot (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Baby Got Back--Sir Mix-A-Lot (2nd week at #1)
2 I'll Be There--Mariah Carey
3 Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers
4 Achy Breaky Heart--Billy Ray Cyrus
5 Tennessee--Arrested Development
6 Wishing on a Star--Cover Girls
7 Baby-Baby-Baby--TLC
8 Life is a Highway--Tom Cochrane
9 If You Asked Me To--Celine Dion
10 Damn I Wish I was Your Lover--Sophie B. Hawkins

Singles entering the chart were End of the Road by Boyz II Men (#65); The Letter by Wayne Newton (#77); Money Can't Buy You Love by Ralph Tresvant (#87); and Another Minute by Cause and Effect (#91).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'll Be There--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 Just Another Day--Jon Secada
3 America--Kim Mitchell
4 Achy Breaky Heart--Billy Ray Cyrus
5 This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna
6 Damn I Wish I was Your Lover--Sophie B. Hawkins
7 Too Funky--George Michael
8 The Best Things in Life are Free--Luther Vandross and Janet Jackson
9 Hold on My Heart--Genesis
10 Take this Heart--Richard Marx

Singles entering the chart were Abba-Esque by Erasure (#52); All I Want by Toad the Wet Sprocket (#95); Stay by Giant (#97); Baby Got Back by Sir Mix-A-Lot (#99); and Be Young, Be Foolish, Be Happy by Sonia (#100).

Economics and finance
Final talks on the North American Free Trade Agreement began with the government of Canada threatening to withdraw from negotiations unless a better deal on the manufacture of cars and clothing were offered.

Olympics
The summer Olympics opened in Barcelona with 169 nations participating, the first time in modern history that there were no nations boycotting or banned from the games.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ben Hogan, 84
. U.S. golfer. Mr. Hogan was one of the greatest golfers ever, winning 64 PGA tour events and nine major tournaments. He won the Masters, U.S. Open, and British Open in 1953, four years after a near-fatal car accident seemed to have ended his career. Mr. Hogan is viewed by many as the best ball striker in history.

Music
This blogger was in attendance as Kim Stockwood performed at the EdTel Stage at the Klondike Days exhibition grounds in Edmonton.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-4) 36 @ Winnipeg (1-4) 21

10 years ago
2007


Politics and government
Pratibha Patil was sworn in as India's first female President.

Monday, 24 July 2017

July 24, 2017

450 years ago
1567


Britannica
Mary, Queen of Scots was forced to abdicate and was replaced by her 1-year-old son King James VI.

170 years ago
1847


Americana
Brigham Young and members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons) arrived at the Great Salt Lake in Utah.

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
The New York State Constitutional Convention voted 125-19 against a proposal for women's suffrage.

Protest
A radical riot took place in Knoxville, Tennessee.

100 years ago
1917


War
Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden's government passed the Military Service Bill (Conscription Act), with a majority of 58 votes; it created a system of “selective, that is to say gradual conscription, with men being divided into a number of classes called up as needed.” Most Liberal MPs from English-speaking provinces voted with the Conservatives on the bill, while Liberal Party leader and former Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier steadfastly refused to join a coalition government.

90 years ago
1927


War
The Menin Gate Memorial to the Missing, a memorial in Ypres, Belgium, dedicated to the British and Commonwealth soldiers who were killed in the Ypres Salient of World War I and whose graves were unknown, was dedicated.

80 years ago
1937


Crime
The State of Alabama dropped all charges against Willie Roberson, Olen Montgomery, Eugene Williams, and Roy Wright, four of the "Scottsboro Boys"--Negro youths who had been accused of raping two white women in 1931. One of the others, Charlie Weems, was convicted of rape and sentenced to 105 years in prison.

75 years ago
1942


War
Heavy fighting continued on a 120-mile front stretching along the Don River from Rostov through Novocherkassk to Tsimlyansk. Allied dive bombers and fighters dropped 45,000 pounds of bombs on Japanese forces at Gona, Papua, New Guinea.

Economics and finance
Yugoslavian Foreign Minister Momcilo Nincich signed the master Lend-Lease agreement in Washington which had been signed by nine other nations.

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
The Greek government ordered the arrest of Communist Party leader Nicolas Zachariades and former Labour Minister Militadas Porphyrogenis on charges of plotting a revolt.

The British Colonial Office issued a White Paper proposing a Federation of Malaya governed by a British high commissioner.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom and France accepted a U.S. invitation to a Washington conference about the level of German industry to be permitted by the Allies.

An 18-man committee headed by U.S. Commerce Secretary Averell Harriman began hearings in Washington on the U.S. capacity to aid other nations.

Religion
Former Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen was re-elected president of the International Council of Religious Education at their convention in Des Moines.

Disasters
27 coal miners were killed in an explosion at the Old Ben Mine near West Frankfort, Illinois.

60 years ago
1957


War
British fighter planes based in Sharja, Oman strafed the rebel-held fort of Izki, 20 miles from Nizwa.

Law
The U.S. Senate cut President Dwight D. Eisenhower's civil rights bill down to a right-to-vote law by deleting proposals to give the Attorney General broad powers to seek injunctions in any type of civil rights cases.

Defense
Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin warned the Western powers that their insistence on international control of fissionable materials production was sabotaging any hope of an agreement to end nuclear weapons tests.

The U.S. Air Force announced the development of the Hughes Falcon GAR-2A, a heat-seeking missile fired from a plane.

Business
National Football League Commissioner Bert Bell, appearing before a U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee on monopoly, said that professional football would be "doomed" unless Congress freed the sport's practices from anti-trust laws.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Caza--Juan y Junior (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
Coronet Blue, starring Frank Converse, on CBS
Tonight's episode: A Charade for Murder

Diplomacy
During an official state visit to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle delivered a speech from the balcony of Montreal City Hall, and declared to the crowd of over 100,000 in Montreal: "Vive le Québec libre!" ("Long live free Quebec!"). The statement angered the Canadian government and many Anglophone Canadians.



Protest
A race riot occurred in Cambridge, Maryland, following a speech by Negro activist H. Rap Brown, who was injured by buckshot in the face during the clash between Negroes and police. 17 buildings in the Negro area of the city burned down.

Baseball
The Baseball Hall of Fame's Veterans Committee announced Lloyd Waner and Branch Rickey as the Hall's latest members. Mr. Waner, nicknamed "Little Poison" in contrast to his older brother Paul "Big Poison" Waner, was an outfielder with five National League teams from 1927-1945, but was best known for his years with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1927-1941, 1944-1945). He batted .316 with 27 home runs and 598 runs batted in in 1,993 games. Mr. Rickey, a mediocre catcher, made his mark as general manager of the St. Louis Cardinals from 1919-1942, pioneering the development of a farm system for a major league team. He then moved to the Brooklyn Dodgers from 1942-1950, where he produced competitive teams and the Dodgers became the first major league club to hire Negro players, beginning with Jackie Robinson.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: My Broken Souvenirs--Pussycat (4th week at #1)

War
The four-day-long Libyan–Egyptian War ended when Egyptian President Anwar Sadat ordered Egyptian forces to observe a cease-fire, negotiated by Arab mediators.

Society
U.S. National Urban League Executive Director Vernon Jordan, addressing the league's annual convention in Washington, D.C., charged that the U.S. administration of President Jimmy Carter had "fallen short on policies, programs, and people, " especially when it came to appointing Negroes to significant positions.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

Edmontonia
Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah, Duchess of York, visited Fort Edmonton Park.

Journalism
Novelist and former British Conservative party official Jeffrey Archer was awarded record libel damages of £500,000 plus £700,000 in costs for a front-page story published by the Daily Star the previous November alleging that Mr. Archer had paid to have sex with a prostitute.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had grown at an annual rate of 2.6% in the second quarter of 1987.

Tennis
Boris Becker of West Germany defeated John McEnroe of the United States 4-6, 15-13, 8-10, 6-2, 6-2 in a Davis Cup elimination match in Hartford, Connecticut. At 6 hours and 38 minuts, it was believed to have been the longest Davis Cup match ever played. The second set took 2 hours and 35 minutes to play.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (3-2) 42 @ Winnipeg (4-1) 28

Matt Dunigan rushed for two 1-yard touchdowns and completed touchdown bombs of 89 yards to Stephen Jones and 72 yards to Tom Richards to lead the Eskimos past the Blue Bombers before 29,260 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Rookie defensive back Stanley Blair returned an interception 71 yards for his only CFL touchdown and Milson Jones rushed 2 yards for the other Edmonton major. Ken Winey scored the Blue Bombers’ first touchdown on a 93-yard kickoff return in the 2nd quarter. Tom Clements completed an 11-yard touchdown pass to James Murphy in the 3rd quarter, and Willard Reaves rushed 1 yard for the other Winnipeg touchdown in the 4th quarter. The Eskimos scored 4 of their 6 converted touchdowns in the 2nd quarter. It was the final Eskimo game for kicker and punter Tom Dixon, who had lost favour with head coach Joe Faragalli. Not only was his field goal kicking erratic, but he kicked off to the wrong side of the field after Stephen Jones’ TD, allowing Mr. Winey to return the kick for a touchdown. Mr. Reaves rushed 17 times for 86 yards, going over 5,000 yards for his 5-year CFL career. Stephen Jones caught 5 passes for 127 yards, and Winnipeg’s Perry Tuttle caught 8 for 128.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
Sam Berger, 92
. Canadian lawyer and football executive. Mr. Berger was a co-owner of the Ottawa Rough Riders of the Canadian Football League from 1955-1968, and owner of the Montreal Alouettes from 1969-1980. With both teams, he saved teams that were in financial trouble and turned them into successful franchises. The Rough Riders won the Grey Cup in 1960 and 1968, and the Alouettes won the Grey Cup in 1970, 1974, and 1977. Mr. Berger served as the CFL’s president in 1964 and 1971, and was instrumental in negotiating the league’s first television contract. A military officer in World War II, Mr. Berger donated the Berger Trophy in 1942 for the championship of the Ottawa Senior City Football League. The league operated only in 1942, with the RCAF Uplands Flyers defeating the Ottawa Rough Riders to win the trophy. Mr. Berger was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1993.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-1) 13 @ Saskatchewan (1-2) 23

Kent Austin completed just 17 of 44 passes, but amassed 291 yards, including touchdowns of 27 yards to Ray Elgaard in the 1st quarter and 17 yards to Dan Farthing in the 2nd quarter to lead the Roughriders past the Rough Riders before 20,117 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Tom Burgess completed a 23-yard pass to James Ellingson in the 3rd quarter for the only Ottawa touchdown. Don Narcisse of Saskatchewan caught 12 passes for 144 yards.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): D'You Know What I Mean--Oasis

Died on this date
William Brennan, 91
. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1956-1990. Justice Brennan was on the Supreme Court of New Jersey when he was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Justice Brennan was known for his liberal positions, including support for abortion and opposition to capital punishment. His death was no great loss.

Saw Maung, 69. Prime Minister of Myanmar, 1988-1992. Saw Maung, an adjutant-general, was chairman of the junta that seized power in a coup in 1988 and was effective ruler of the country as head of the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). He wa removed from office on April 23, 1992, and died of a heart attack.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (4-1) 34 @ Montreal (3-2) 24
Toronto (4-1) 34 @ British Columbia (3-2) 20

Darren Flutie caught 4 passes for 51 yards and touchdowns from quarterback Danny McManus and running back Eric Blount as the Eskimos built a 31-9 lead midway through the 3rd quarter and coasted to victory over the Alouettes at Olympic Stadium. Tony Burse rushed 2 yards for an Edmonton TD, and linebacker Willie Pless, playing tight end on short yardage offensive plays, caught a 12-yard TD pass from Mr. McManus, who completed 19 of 34 passes for 264 yards. Eddie Brown led Edmonton receivers with 8 receptions for 116 yards. The Eskimos played a very entertaining 2nd quarter, which included Sean Fleming recovering his own punt to set up an Edmonton touchdown.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Albert Ellis, 93
. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Ellis was a secular humanist who worked with Alfred Kinsey in helping to promote a liberal view of sex, and was seen as one of the founders of the American sexual revolution. In 1955 he developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), in which the client uses rationality to understand that his personal philosophy contains beliefs that are contributing to his pain. Dr. Ellis was thus recognized as one of the founders of cognitive-behavioural therapies.

Sunday, 23 July 2017

July 23, 2017

150 years ago
1867


Europeana
Poland was absorbed as a province of the Russian Empire.

Protest
2 men were killed and 37 wounded in a radical riot in Rodgersville, Tennessee.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Haile Selassie
. Emperor of Ethiopia, 1930-1974. Emperor Haile Selassie, born Tafari Makonnen Woldemikael, was appointed Regent Plenipotentiary by Empress Zewditu in 1916, and succeeded her as head of state in 1930. Emperor Haile Selassie spent the years 1936-1941 in exile in England while Ethiopia was under Italian occupation. He was deposed by a military coup in September 1974, and was imprisoned in the Grand Palace until his death on August 27, 1975 at the age of 83.

Crime
An anarchist named Berkman shot and wounded H.C. Frick, manager of the Carnegie Steel Works in Homestead, Pennsylvania.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Ray Scarborough
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Scarborough played with the Washington Nationals (1942-1943, 1946-1950); Chicago White Sox (1950); Boston Red Sox (1951-1952); New York Yankees (1952-1953); and Detroit Tigers (1953), compiling a record of 80-85 with a 4.13 ERA in 318 games. His best season was 1948, when he was 15-8, 2.82. Mr. Scarborough was with the Yankees when they won the World Series in 1952. He worked as a pickle salesman in his hometown of Mount Olive, North Carolina in the off-season, and died on July 1, 1982, 22 days before his 65th birthday.

90 years ago
1927


Radio
The first station of the Indian Broadcasting Company went on the air in Bombay.

75 years ago
1942


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Alla!

Died on this date
Nikola Vaptsarov, 32
. Bulgarian poet. Mr. Vaptsarov was a machinist who published only one book--Motor Songs (1940)--and was best known as a Communist activist against King Boris III, and later against occupying German forces. He was captured by German authorities in March 1942 and, with 11 others, was executed by firing squad immediately after being tried and convicted.

War
The Canadian House of Commons approved the third reading of the amendment to the National Mobilization Act authorizing overseas service for conscripts.e German offensives Operation Edelweiss and Operation Braunschweig began. Allied bombers made five attacks on the new Japanese base near Buna in southeastern New Guinea.

Abominations
The Nazi-operated Treblinka extermination camp opened northeast of Warsaw as part of Operation Reinhard. American correspondents who arrived in Portuguese East Africa from Japan reported Japanese atrocities and torture.

70 years ago
1947


War
The U.S.S.R. rejected a U.S. invitation to an 11-power conference on the Japanese peace treaty.

Dutch Prime Minister Louis Beel rejected arbitration of the current conflict in Indonesia, claiming that the 1946 Lingadjati agreement gave the Nerherlands sovereignty over the islands during the interim period preceding independence.

Diplomacy
Albania accepted a United Nations request that the Corfu Channel dispute with the United Kingdom be referred to the International Court of Justice.

Defense
The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission dropped discussion of nuclear arms control after four months of debate. In its second report to Congress, the AEC revealed plans to set up proving grounds in the Pacific Ocean "for routine experiments and tests of atomic weapons."

Politics and government
Mae O'Connor, widow of Liberal MLA Dennis O'Connor, became the first female candidate in a Québec election, losing to John Gillies Rennie (Union Nationale) in a provincial by-election in Huntingdon.

Protest
A general strike called by opponents of the government disrupted business and transport in Costa Rica, while political riots caused 8 deaths and 56 injuries in several cities.

Economics and finance
A French-Argentine trade pact was signed in Paris, with Argentine First Lady Eva Peron signing for Argentina.

Labour
Wisconsin Governor Oscar Rennebohm signed a law banning public utility strikes.

Scandal
American Federation of Labor International Union of Operatiing Engineers Vice President Joseph Fay began serving an 8 1/2-16 year prison term in New York for extortion and conspiracy after the state Supreme Court denied his appeal for a suspended or reduced sentence.

60 years ago
1957


Defense
U.K. Defense Minister Duncan Sandys told the House of Commons that Britain was already capable of manufacturing both hydrogen bombs and nuclear warheads for ballistic missiles. The U.S. Army draft call for September was cut to 8,000, the lowest figure since early 1956.

Education
The U.S. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans ordered the racial integration of Dallas public schools "with all deliberate speed."

Labour
Regional bus strikes in England began turning violent on the fourth day of the walkout by drivers.

Oil
British-owned Shell and British Petroleum announced their decision to dispose of all holdings in Israel except an oil refinery at Haifa.

Disasters
Peking radio reported 557 deaths in floods along the Yi, Shu, and Yellow Rivers in China.

50 years ago
1967


Diplomacy
French President Charles de Gaulle debarked at Anse-au-Foulon; that night Québec Premier Daniel Johnson held an official dinner to honour him.

Protest
In Detroit, one of the worst riots in United States history began on 12th Street in the predominantly Negro ghetto. It ultimately killed 43 people, injured 342, and burned about 1,400 buildings.

Disasters
A fire at the Canadian Film Institute in Beaconsfield, Quebec destroyed one million feet of film, including early footage of the Canadian Pacific Railway; the first colour footage shot in Canada; and footage of the Parliament buildings in Ottawa before 1910.

Sport
The Pan-American Games opened in Winnipeg, with 28 nations competing in two-weeks of events.

Baseball
Jim Wynn hit 2 home runs, including a shot to the bullpen in deep center field, to help the Houston Astros defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 8-5 in the first game of a doubleheader before 22,925 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The Pirates routed the Astros 15-2 in the second game as Manny Sanguillen made his major league debut behind the plate for Pittsburgh, batting 1 for 5 with a run, and making 8 putouts and an assist, participating in 2 double plays, and allowing a passed ball.



Milt Pappas and Ted Abernathy combined to pitch a 2-hitter for the Cincinnati Reds as they edged the Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 before 13,063 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Terry Harmon made his major league debut with the Phillies, coming in as a pinch runner for Doug Clemens in the 8th inning and being erased on a force play.

Felipe Alou hit a home run in each game, but his Atlanta Braves lost a doubleheader to the St. Louis Cardinals 3-1 and 8-3 before 35,334 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Former Cardinal catcher Bob Uecker homered for Atlanta in the second game.

Jim Ray Hart hit 2 home runs to help the San Francisco Giants defeat the Chicago Cubs 5-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 34,922 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Mr. Hart added another homer in the second game, which the Cubs won 6-3.

The Baltimore Orioles scored 4 runs in the top of the 11th inning--the final 2 coming on a sacrifice fly when left fielder Hank Allen casually returned the ball--to break a 3-3 tie and defeat the Washington Senators 7-3 before 26,012 fans at District of Columbia Stadium.

Tony Conigliaro hit a home run in each game to help the Boston Red Sox sweep a doubleheader from the Cleveland Indians 8-5 and 5-1 before 13,786 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.

John Hiller allowed 4 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 2 1/3 innings of relief, but still got his first major league win as the Detroit Tigers defeated the New York Yankees 7-3 to earn a split of their doubleheader before 34,623 fans at Tiger Stadium. Mr. Hiller singled in the final 2 runs of a 4-run 4th inning. The Yankees won the first game 4-2.

Joe Horlen and Gary Peters were the respective winning pitchers as the Chicago White Sox swept a doubleheader from the Kansas City Athletics 8-4 and 1-0 before 22,174 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Jim Nash allowed only 3 hits in pitching a complete game loss in the second game, but 2 of the hits came in the 2nd inning, when Jim King led off with a double and Ron Hansen followed with a single to drive Mr. King home with the only run.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ti Amo'--Umberto Tozzi

#1 single in Switzerland: Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): I Feel Love--Donna Summer

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Looks Like We Made It--Barry Manilow

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
2 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
3 Looks Like We Made It--Barry Manilow
4 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb
5 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
6 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
7 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
8 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise
9 Do You Wanna Make Love--Peter McCann
10 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge

Singles entering the chart were Cold as Ice by Foreigner (#76); Hard Rock Cafe by Carole King (#79); Little Darling (I Need You) by the Doobie Brothers (#81); Edge of the Universe by the Bee Gees (#82); Keep it Comin' Love by K.C. and the Sunshine Band (#85); Nobody Does it Better by Carly Simon (#86); Down the Hall by the Four Seasons (#91); I Believe You by Dorothy Moore (#92); Cat Scratch Fever by Ted Nugent (#96); The "Star Wars Stars" by the Force (#97); Indian Summer by Poco (#98); I'm Dreaming by Jennifer Warnes (#99); and Sheena is a Punk Rocker by the Ramones (#100). Nobody Does it Better was from the movie The Spy Who Loved Me (1977).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
2 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
3 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
4 Margaritaville--Jimmy Buffett
5 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
6 Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA
7 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb
8 Looks Like We Made It--Barry Manilow
9 Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye
10 You Won't Dance with Me--April Wine

Singles entering the chart were How Much Love by Leo Sayer (#90); Here Comes Summer by Wildfire (#91); Don't Stop by Fleetwood Mac (#92); Christine Sixteen by Kiss (#93); So You Win Again by Hot Chocolate (#94); Rock and Roll Never Forgets by Bob Seger (#95); Strawberry Letter 23 by the Brothers Johnson (#96); Everybody Ought to Be in Love by Paul Anka (#97); I Believe in Love by Kenny Loggins (#98); Ride Me by Wenzday (#99); and Mr. Love by Vehicle (#100).

War
Libya claimed that Egyptian forces had struck deep inside her borders.

Terrorism
An all-Negro jury in Washington, D.C. Superior Court convicted 12 Hanafi Muslims, who had seized three buildings in March, of various charges, including conspiracy, armed kidnapping, and second-degree murder. Hanafi leader Hamaas Abdul Khaalis and two of his followers were convicted of the murder of Howard University reporter Maurice Williams. Mr. Khaalis was also convicted of 24 counts of armed kidnapping, assault, and conspiracy to commit kidnapping. In all the 12 defendants were found guilty of 139 counts listed in the 373-count indictment.

Baseball
Dave Collins and Larry Cox each hit home runs to help the Seattle Mariners defeat the Oakland Athletics 10-3 before 12,216 fans, including this blogger and his parents, at the Kingdome in Seattle. Gary Wheelock pitched a 9-hit complete game victory.

Ralph Garr's 3-run home run was the big blow as the Chicago White Sox scored 6 runs in the 6th inning on their way to a 10-3 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 24,263 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. Ken Kravec pitched an 8-hit complete game victory.

Rico Carty drove in 4 runs with a home run and a single to help the Cleveland Indians edge the Boston Red Sox 9-8 before 35,592 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Indians began the game by hitting for the "cycle" against Boston starting pitcher Reggie Cleveland: Duane Kuiper led off with a single; Buddy Bell tripled; Larvell Blanks doubled; and Andre Thornton homered, knocking Mr. Cleveland out of the box. Fred Lynn hit 2 home runs and drove in 4 runs for the Red Sox.

Bump Wills doubled, advanced to third base on a single by Jim Sundberg, and scored on Mike Hargrove's fourth single of the game to break a 0-0 tie in the top of the 13th inning as the Texas Rangers edged the Baltimore Orioles 1-0 before 10,738 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Winning pitcher Adrian Devine allowed 1 hit in 4 innings in relief of Gaylord Perry, who allowed 4 hits in 9 innings. Jim Palmer started on the mound for Baltimore and allowed 7 hits in 11 innings before being relieved by Dick Drago, who took the loss.

Pinch hitter Jim Fregosi singled home 2 runs to climax a 4-run 7th-inning rally as the Pittsburgh Pirates came back from a 4-0 deficit to edge the Cincinnati Reds 5-4 before 28,625 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Mr. Fregosi's hit immediately followed an infield single by pinch hitter Jerry Hairston to load the bases. The Reds scored all their runs in the top of the 5th, with Joe Morgan's 2-run home run giving Cincinnati a 4-0 lead. Rennie Stennett hit a solo home run in the bottom of the inning to get the Pirates on the scoreboard.

Rod Gilbreath singled and came around to score to begin a 4-run 8th-inning rally to tie the score, and led off the 9th with a home run to break the tie as the Atlanta Braves edged the Chicago Cubs 5-4 before 26,224 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Eddie Solomon started on the mound for Atlanta, but was relieved by Don Collins after walking the first 3 batters.

Heity Cruz doubled home pinch runner Mike Phillips with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to tie the score, and Jerry Mumphrey followed with a single to score Mr. Cruz with the winning run as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Houston Astros 4-3 before 29,444 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Mr. Phillips entered the game to run for Ken Reitz, who led off the inning with a double.

Winning pitcher Larry Christenson helped his cause with a home run to lead off the 3rd inning and Mike Schmidt hit 2 triples and drew 3 bases on balls as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the San Francisco Giants 6-3 before 7,958 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Dave Johnson and Bob Boone also homered for Philadelphia, while Willie McCovey homered for San Francisco.

Wayne Garrett tripled home 3 runs and scored on a squeeze bunt by Stan Bahnsen as the Montreal Expos scored 4 runs in the 2nd inning and held on to beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 6-4 before 42,835 fans at Dodger Stadium. Mr. Bahnsen allowed 4 hits and 4 earned runs in 7 1/3 innings to get the win over Don Sutton, who allowed 10 hits and 6 earned runs in 5+ innings. Mr. Sutton was relieved by Lance Rautzhan, who allowed 1 hit, 1 base on balls, and had 1 strikeout in 2 innings in his first major league game.

30 years ago
1987


Albertana
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump Interpretive Centre at Porcupine Hills, Alberta was officially opened by the Duke and Duchess of York. First excavated in 1938, it was designated a provincial historic site in 1979 and a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981. It was named for young Peigan boy who was crushed by the buffalo because he wanted to watch the animals as they plunged over the cliff.

Protest
More than 200 people were killed and 100 wounded in the Haitian farming town of Jean-Rabel in a clash between wealthy landowners and a land-reform group. The subsequent official report said that the reformers had attacked first, killing 10 people. Hundreds of the reformers were then killed or wounded when attacked with machetes and clubs by supporters of the landowners.

Defense
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev formally presented a new concession to the arms-control talks in Geneva. Mr. Gorbachev said that the U.S.S.R. could accept worldwide elimination of intermediate nuclear forces, and offered to forego basing warheads anywhere in its territory, including Soviet Asia, if the United States would do the same.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Ain't No Doubt--Jimmy Nail

Europeana
Abkhazia declared her independence from Georgia.

Politics and government
Czech Prime Minister Václav Klaus and Slovak Prime Minister Vladimír Mečiar agreed to a plan for the division of Czechoslovakia into two independent states by the end of September.

Defense
Canadian Defence Minister Marcel Masse announced a 13-year, $4.4-billion purchase of 50 new EH-101 high-tech military helicopters to replace the aging Sea Kings.

Religion
A Vatican commission, led by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, established that limiting certain rights of homosexual people and non-married couples is not equivalent to discrimination on grounds of race or sex.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-2) 39 @ Toronto (1-2) 30
Calgary (3-0) 37 @ British Columbia (0-3) 19

The Tiger-Cats, down 20-10 at halftime, outscored the Argonauts 29-10 in the 2nd half before 30,899 fans at SkyDome. Earl Winfield, who had caught a 23-yard touchdown pass from quarterback Damon Allen in the 1st quarter, started the Hamilton comeback in the 4th quarter with a 77-yard punt return for a touchdown. After a 53-yard field goal by Toronto’s Lance Chomyc with 4:22 remaining reduced the Tiger-Cats’ led to 26-23, Terry Wright returned an interception 28 yards for a touchdown with 2:28 left to increase the lead to 36-23 after Paul Osbaldiston’s convert. The Argonauts struck back with a 41-yard touchdown pass from Rickey Foggie to Mike “Pinball” Clemons, converted by Mr. Chomyc with 1:30 remaining, but Mr. Allen completed a pass to Nick Mazzoli for 82 yards, setting up a 1-yard touchdown run by Orville Lee with 42 seconds left. David Lucas scored Hamilton’s other touchdown on a 55-yard pass from Mr. Allen in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Foggie completed a 46-yard touchdown pass to Raghib “Rocket” Ismail in the 1st quarter and rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Foggie completed 21 of 43 passes for 342 yards and rushed 15 times for 110 yards.

Doug Flutie passed for 400 yards and rushed for 3 touchdowns to lead the Stampeders to their win over the Lions before 31,053 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Daryl Hall scored the other Calgary touchdown on a 74-yard interception return in the 2nd quarter. Danny Barrett started at quarterback for the Lions and completed touchdown passes to Mr. Flutie’s brother Darren and Mike Trevathan.

20 years ago
1997


Politics and government
Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic was sworn in as president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Saturday, 22 July 2017

July 22, 2017

430 years ago
1587


Americana
A second group of English settlers arrived on Roanoke Island off North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.

220 years ago
1797


War
British forces commanded by Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson launched an attack on the Spanish port city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the Canary Islands.

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
The Russian Provisional Assembly was re-established.

Law
France abolished imprisonment for debt.

80 years ago
1937


Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's plan to "pack" the U.S. Supreme Court with judges who wouldn't strike down his New Deal legislation was rejected by the U.S. Senate.

Crime
Andrew Wright, one of the "Scottsboro Boys"--Negro youths accused of raping two white women in Alabama in 1931--was convicted of rape and sentenced to 99 years in prison.

75 years ago
1942


War
British forces in Egypt extended their offensive along the central sector on the El Alamein front. U.K. Royal Air Force planes bombed the German port of Duisburg. German forces marched to Novocherkassk, 20 miles northwest of Rostov. Japanese troops landed from a convoy at Gona Mission, Buna, on the north coast of New Guinea. Indian Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi wired United Press, "I would rather be shot than cooperate with the Japanese or any other power."

Abominations
The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto began.

Diplomacy
The ocean liners Maru and Conte Verde arrived at Lourenco Marques, Portuguese East Africa with 1,500 U.S. and Allied nationals for exchange for Japanese and Thai nationals.

Politics and government
The Indian government announced that it had removed the ban on the Indian Communist Party and it two publications, The National Front and The New Age.

U.S. Senator James Mead announced that he had received the endorsement of President Franklin D. Roosevelt over John J. Bennett for the New York Democratic Party gubernatorial nomination.

Economics and finance
The United States government began compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the demands of World War II. With only nine members present, the U.S. Senate voted to establish a separate agency to handle the manufacture of synthetic rubber from grain alcohol.

Education
New York City Assistant Superintendent of Schools Benjamin Greenberg said that 20 elementary schools would experiment with a "continuous progress system" whereby no grading separated children during the first three years of school.

Labour
Bethlehem Steel President Eugene Grace wrote the U.S. National War Labor Board that the company accepted under protest the board's 44c daily wage increase for steel workers.

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
Hungary's Liberty Party, the largest remaining conservative opposition group, dissolved in protest against government restrictions on political activity and free speech.

Diplomacy
General Albert Wedemeyer, U.S. liaison officer with the Nationalist Chinese government during World War II, arrived in Nanking on a fact-finding mission for U.S. President Harry Truman.

Defense
The U.S. Navy cut 1,000 of its 47,000 officers in order to conform to budget requirements.

Indianica
The flag of India was adopted.

Science
The United States Congress completed action on a bill establishing a National Science Foundation to coordinate U.S. scientific research.

Oil
The Hungarian cabinet imposed a special $15-million tax on the Hungarian-American Oil Company.

Economics and finance
U.S. and U.K. authorities in Berlin announced an agreement on a new plan to increase coal production in the Ruhr, including a profit-sharing plan and food premiums for miners.

Labour
The Florida Supreme Court ruled that state laws barring closed shops were unconstitutional.

Disasters
Torrential rains swept Erie, Pennsylvania, causing $1 million in damage as the midwestern United States experienced its coldest summer in 72 years.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear/Loving You--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Top 100--2nd week at #1); Love Letters in the Sand--Pat Boone (Disc Jockey--7th week at #1)

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Eileen Sasakamoose!

Defense
U.K. Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd told the House of Commons that Britain would provide military assistance to the sultan of Muscat and Oman against an internal revolt.

Society
The U.S. Senate approved an amendment to the civil rights bill repealing a Reconstruction-era law authorizing the President to use troops to enforce civil rights orders of federal courts.

Football
WIFU
Edmonton Eskimos Intrasquad Game @ Clarke Stadium
Gold 27 Green 24

Baseball
Sam Crawford and Joe McCarthy were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. "Wahoo Sam" was an outfielder with the Cincinnati Reds (1899-1902) and Detroit Tigers (1903-1917), batting .309 with 97 home runs and 1,525 runs batted in 2,517 games. He won home run championships in both major leagues, and is still the career leader with 309 triples. 51 of his home runs were hit inside the park, second-best in major league history. Mr. McCarthy mananged the Chicago Cubs (1926-1930); New York Yankees (1931-1946); and Boston Red Sox (1948-1950), compiling a record of 2125-1333-29 (.615). He was the first man to manage pennant winners in both major leagues, leading the Cubs to the National League pennant in 1929 and the Yankees to American League pennants in 1932, 1936-1939, and 1941-1943, winning 7 World Series with the Yankees.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: All You Need is Love--The Beatles

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La coppia più bella del mondo--Adriano Celentano (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ha! Ha! Said the Clown--Manfred Mann (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): All You Need is Love--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Windy--The Association (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Windy--The Association (3rd week at #1)
2 Can't Take My Eyes Off You--Frankie Valli
3 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
4 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
5 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
6 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension
7 Don't Sleep in the Subway--Petula Clark
8 Light My Fire--The Doors
9 C'mon Marianne--The 4 Seasons
10 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder

Singles entering the chart were Pleasant Valley Sunday (#51)/Words (#74) by the Monkees; Baby I Love You by Aretha Franklin (#56); Cold Sweat (Part 1) by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#58); Glory of Love by Otis Redding (#60); Don't You Miss Me a Little Bit Baby by Jimmy Ruffin (#68); Happy by the Blades of Grass (#70); Omaha by Moby Grape (#72); Happy by the Sunshine Company (#75); Brown Eyed Girl by Van Morrison (#77); Cry Softly Lonely One by Roy Orbison (#81); Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie by Jay and the Techniques (#87); I'll Turn to Stone by the Four Tops (#91); Everybody Needs Love by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#94); Nearer to You by Betty Harris (#97); Tip on In (Part 1) by Slim Harpo (#99); My Elusive Dreams by David Houston and Tammy Wynette (#100); and More and More by Andy Williams (also #100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension
2 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
3 Windy--The Association
4 Light My Fire--The Doors
5 Don't Sleep in the Subway--Petula Clark
6 Can't Take My Eyes Off You--Frankie Valli
7 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
8 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
9 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
10 C'mon Marianne--The 4 Seasons

Singles entering the chart were Words by the Monkees (#57); I Take What I Want by James & Bobby Purify (#86); Make Me Yours by Bettye Swan (#91); Canada by the Sugar Shoppe (#93); I'll Turn to Stone by the Four Tops (#94); Gentle on My Mind by Glen Campbell (#96); Thank the Lord for the Night Time by Neil Diamond (#97); Cold Sweat (Part 1) by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#98); Cornflakes and Ice Cream by the Lords of London (#99); and Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie by Jay and the Techniques (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
2 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
3 The Flower Children--Marcia Strassman
4 Brown Eyed Girl--Van Morrison
5 Let's Live for Today--The Grass Roots
6 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
7 Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead--The Fifth Estate
8 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
9 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension
10 Light My Fire--The Doors

Singles entering the chart were Make Me Yours by Bettye Swan (#34); Heroes and Villains by the Beach Boys (#40); You're a Big Boy Now by the Lovin' Spoonful (#42); A Little Bit of Something by Little Richard (#43); A Girl Like You by the Young Rascals (#48); Baby I Love You by Aretha Franklin (#49); and I am the One by Larry Williams (#50).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
2 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
3 Brown Eyed Girl--Van Morrison
4 Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead--The Fifth Estate
5 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
6 Sunny Goodge Street--Tom Northcott
7 Light My Fire--The Doors
8 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
9 Let's Live for Today--The Grass Roots
10 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies

Singles entering the chart were Don't You Miss Me a Little Bit Baby by Jimmy Ruffin (#25); A Thousand Shadows by the Seeds (#27); I Wanna Testify by the Parliaments (#29); and Bluebird by Buffalo Springfield (#30).

Died on this date
Carl Sandburg, 89
. U.S. poet and historian. Mr. Sandburg, one of the most famous poets in American history, won Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry for Chicago Poems (1919) and The People, Yes (1940), and another Pulitzer Prize for Biography for his two-volume Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years and Abraham Lincoln: The War Years (1951).

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Ma Baker--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

War
Egyptian military sources announced that Egyptian planes had bombed and strafed a Libyan air base near Tobruk.

Politics and government
Chinese Communist leader Deng Xiaoping was restored to power by the Communist Party's central committee after being toppled in a power struggle following the death of Mao Zedong in 1976. The central committee also announced that Mr. Deng's opponents, the Gang of Four, had been expelled from the party, and that Hua Guo-Feng was named party chairman, successor to Mao. Mr. Deng resumed his posts of deputy chairman and deputy Prime Minister.

Baseball
The Oakland Athletics scored 3 unearned runs in the 4th inning as they defeated the Seattle Mariners 5-3 before 13,960 fans, including this blogger and his parents, at the Kingdome in Seattle. Vida Blue pitched 8 2/3 innings, allowing 10 hits and 3 earned runs, to get the win.

The Chicago White Sox scored 7 runs in the last 2 innings to defeat the Toronto Blue Jays 10-2 before 33,175 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. Lamar Johnson led the Chicago attack with a 3-run home run, a double 2 singles, 2 runs, and 5 runs batted in.

Rick Wise pitched a 7-hit shutout and the Boston Red Sox scored all their runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 1st inning as they beat the Cleveland Indians 3-0 before 34,030 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Bert Blyeleven pitched a 4-hitter, striking out 14 batters, and Toby Harrah tripled home 2 unearned runs in the 7th inning as the Texas Rangers beat the Baltimore Orioles 5-1 before 39,323 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Al Cowens hit a solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 12th inning to break a 4-4 tie as the Kansas City Royals edged the Detroit Tigers 5-4 before 22,758 fans at Tiger Stadium. The Tigers scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th to send the game into extra innings, and each team scored 2 runs in the 10th.

Rick Reuschel pitched a 5-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Dick Ruthven as the Chicago Cubs edged the Atlanta Braves 1-0 before 17,026 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The run scored when Manny Trillo singeld to lead off the bottom of the 7th inning and scored when Ivan DeJesus hit into a force play. Mr. Reuschel improved his record for the season to 13-3.

Dave Parker doubled with 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 12th inning and Bill Robinson singled him home to give the Pittsburgh Pirates an 8-7 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 38,888 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. The Reds rallied for 4 runs--the last 3 on a home run by Joe Morgan--with 2 out in the 9th to tie the game, and each team scored a run in the 10th.

Tim Foli hit 2 home runs for what must have been the only time in his major league career, and Randy Elliott added another, as the San Francisco Giants beat the Philadelphia Phillies 6-2 before 6,064 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. Foli played 16 years in the major leagues, and hit just 25 home runs. John Montefusco allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 2/3 innings to improve his 1977 record to 3-8, while Steve Carlton allowed 6 hits and 4 runs--1 earned--in 6 innings to drop to 13-5.

Warren Cromartie led off the 2nd inning with a home run and Del Unser homered to lead off the 5th as the Montreal Expos edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-1 before 41,851 fans at Dodger Stadium. Jackie Brown pitched a 4-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Burt Hooton, who allowed just 4 hits in 7 innings.

Jon Matlack pitched a 7-hit shutout and Lee Mazzilli drove in 2 runs with a pair of singles as the New York Mets blanked the San Diego Padres 5-0 before 23,935 fans at San Diego Stadium. Mr. Matlack improved his record for the season to 5-12.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Wanna Dance With Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jack Lescoulie, 74
. U.S. radio and television personality. Mr. Lescoulie was an announcer on a number of programs, but was best known for his work on the NBC morning television program Today from 1952-1961 and 1962-1967. He spent his first nine years on Today as the sidekick of host Dave Garroway, and he died exactly five years and one day after Mr. Garroway. Mr. Lescoulie also briefly hosted Tonight! America After Dark in 1957.

Don McMahon, 57. U.S. baseball pitcher and coach. Mr. McMahon pitched in 874 major league games--all but 2 as a relief pitcher--from 1957-1974, with 7 teams, compiling a record of 90 wins and 58 losses, with 153 saves. He played in 10 games in 3 World Series, pitching for the Milwaukee Braves in 1957 and Detroit Tigers in 1968 as they won the series, and the Braves in 1958. Mr. McMahon led the National League in appearances in 1959 with 49, and in saves that year with 15 while with the Braves. He became the pitching coach for the San Francisco Giants in 1972 and continued to play for them, retiring as a player at the age of 44. He was a pitching coach for two other major league teams before joining the Los Angeles Dodgers as a coach and batting practice pitcher. He died several hours after suffering a heart attack while pitching batting practice.

Crime
Palestinian cartoonist Naji Salim al-Ali was critically wounded when he was shot in the face outside his office in London.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-5) 16 @ Toronto (2-2-1) 26

Gill Fenerty caught a 7-yard touchdown pass from quarterback Gilbert Renfroe in the 3rd quarter and rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 4th quarter as the Argonauts handed the Stampeders their fifth straight loss before 31,524 fans at Exhibition Stadium. Darrell K. Smith scored the other Toronto touchdown on a 54-yard pass from Mr. Renfroe in the 2nd quarter. Calgary’s Andy McVey rushed 1 yard for the game’s first touchdown in the 1st quarter, and quarterback Rick Worman connected with Larry Willis for a 10-yard touchdown with 1:36 remaining in regulation time. A 2-point convert attempt on the last touchdown was unsuccessful.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Abba-esque--Erasure (5th week at #1)

Crime
Pablo Escobar, a cocaine trafficker who had become a billionaire in Colombia and had accepted a prison sentence in a plea bargain in 1991, escaped from prison in Envigado with at least seven other prisoners, the day after they had taken guns from guards and seized officials who had come to transfer them. The hostages were freed when soldiers attacked the prison, but Mr. Escobar and his associates escaped through a tunnel. At least six people were killed in the clashes at the prison.

Economics and finance
U.S. Federal Reserve Board Chairman Alan Greenspan predicted that the economic expansion would soon gain momentum.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-1) 32 @ Winnipeg (2-1) 51

Matt Dunigan and Sammy Garza combined for 392 yards passing and 5 touchdowns to lead the Blue Bombers past the Eskimos before 24,265 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Larry Thompson caught 6 passes for 156 yards and 2 touchdowns, and set up another Winnipeg touchdown when he fumbled on the Edmonton 1-yard line after a 58-yard gain, and teammate Eric Streater recovered and went in for the touchdown. Robert Mimbs scored the other 2 Blue Bomber touchdowns on rushes of 5 and 32 yards. Edmonton quarterback Tracy Ham completed 25 of 42 passes for 366 yards and 4 touchdowns. Chris Armstrong led the Eskimos with 6 catches for 140 yards and 3 touchdowns, with Jim Sandusky catching Mr. Ham’s other touchdown pass. Mike Pringle rushed 6 times for 12 yards and caught 1 pass for 7 in his last game as an Eskimo until 2003. Winnipeg defensive back Rod Hill blocked a punt, setting a CFL career record with his eighth blocked kick.

20 years ago
1997


Transportation
The second Blue Water Bridge opened between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Rollie Stiles, 100
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Stiles played for the St. Louis Browns from 1930-1933, compiling a record of 9-14 with an earned run average of 5.92 in 85 games. He was the last living person to have pitched to Babe Ruth.

László Kovács, 74. Hungarian-born U.S. cinematographer. Mr. Kovács emigrated to the United States after the Hungarian Revolution in 1956, and was associated with American New Wave films in the late 1960s and early '70s, including Easy Rider (1969) and Five Easy Pieces (1970).

Mike Coolbaugh, 35. U.S. baseball player and coach. Mr. Coolbaugh was a third baseman with the Milwaukee Brewers (2001) and St. Louis Cardinals (2002), batting .283 with 2 home runs and 7 runs batted in in 44 games. In 17 seasons in the minors (1990-2006), he batted .266 with 258 homers and 1,007 RBIs in 1,690 games. He joined the Tulsa Drillers of the AA Texas League as first base coach on July 3, 2007, and was fatally injured in the 9th inning of a game in Little Rock against the Arkansas Travelers when a foul line drive off the bat of Tulsa catcher Tino Sanchez struck him in the neck and pulverized his left vertebral artery; he was taken to hospital and pronounced dead an hour later. The incident led to the institution of a rule that all base coaches in organized baseball be required to wear helmets--although a helmet wouldn't have prevented Mr. Coolbaugh's injury.

Friday, 21 July 2017

July 21, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Garland Grayston!

775 years ago
1242


War
Capetian troops of King Louis IX of France and his brother Alphonse of Poitiers defeated rebel followers of King Henry III of England and Hugh X of Lusignan in the Battle of Taillebourg in France.

140 years ago
1877


Labour
After rioting by striking Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers and the deaths of nine rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh staged a sympathy strike that was met with an assault by the Pennsylvania state militia.

110 years ago
1907


Disasters
88 people were killed when the passenger steamer SS Columbia collided with the steam schooner San Pedro off Shelter Cove, California.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Alan B. Gold
. Canadian jurist. Mr. Gold was Chief Justice of the Quebec Superior Court from 1983-1992. He died on May 15, 2005 at the age of 87.

75 years ago
1942


War
German sources reported continued advances toward Rostov, which was reportedly set afire by Axis bombers. The U.S. House of Representatives approved and sent to President Franklin D. Roosevelt a bill creating the Women's Naval Reserve Corps. German-American Bund leader Gerhard Kunze pled guilty in Hartford, Connecticut to charges of conspiracy to commit espionage.

Politics and government
U.S. President Roosevelt appointed Admiral William Leahy as his chief of staff.

Track and field
Gunder Haegg of Sweden set a world record of 5:16.4 in the men's 2,000-metre run in Malmo, Sweden.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Peg o' My Heart--The Harmonicats (4th week at #1)
--Three Suns
--Art Lund
--Buddy Clark
--Clark Dennis
2 Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)--Perry Como and the Satisfiers
3 That's My Desire--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Frankie Laine and Mannie Klein's All-Stars
4 I Wonder, I Wonder, I Wonder--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
5 Across the Alley from the Alamo--The Mills Brothers
6 Temptation (Tim-Tayshun)--Red Ingles and his Natural Seven
7 Ivy--Jo Stafford
--Woody Herman with the Four Chips
8 Mam'selle--Art Lund
--Dick Haymes
--Frank Sinatra
--Dennis Day
--Pied Pipers
9 My Adobe Hacienda--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
10 Tallahassee--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters

The only single entering the chart was Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette), with versions by Tex Williams and his Western Caravan, and Phil Harris and his Orchestra (#20).

War
Dutch planes continued to attack Indonesian airfields on Java and Sumatra as the Netherlands government declined a British offer to mediate the conflict.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill to outlaw the poll tax in voting for federal offices, but the Senate postponed action on the bill until 1948.

U.S. Senator Joseph Ball (Republican--Minnesota) and Representative Fred Hartley (Republican--New Jersey) were named to top positions on the newly-created Joint Congressional Labor-Management Committee.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman delivered his mid-year economic report to Congress, stressing that the Marshall Plan was "at the core" of U.S. foreign policy.

Baseball
The Baseball Hall of Fame inducted former pitchers Carl Hubbell and Lefty Grove, second baseman Frankie Frisch, and catcher Mickey Cochrane.

60 years ago
1957


Disasters
A U.S. Navy Neptune Bomber, searching for a missing plane, crashed into a mountainside near Turin, Italy, killing 9 of 10 crewmen.

Golf
Lionel Hebert defeated Dow Finsterwald 2 and 1 to win the PGA Championship at Miami Valley Golf Club in Dayton, Ohio. First prize money was $8,000. It was the last PGA Championship to be decided by match play.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 I Take it Back--Sandy Posey
2 Windy--The Association
3 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
4 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Some Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
5 Let's Live for Today--The Grass Roots
6 Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead--The Fifth Estate
7 You Only Live Twice--Nancy Sinatra/Jackson--Nancy Sinatra and Lee Hazlewood
8 Walkin' Mary Home--The Nomads
9 My Friend--Willie & the Walkers
10 Laborer--The 49th Parallel
Pick hit of the week: Groovy Summertime--The Love Generation
New this week: Agnes English--John Fred and his Playboy Band
Let the Four Winds Blow--Jerry Jaye
Ha! Ha! Said the Clown--The Yardbirds
Morning Dew--The Pozo-Seco Singers
Blue--The Lords

Died on this date
Basil Rathbone, 75.
. South African-born U.K. actor. One of this blogger's favourite actors, Mr. Rathbone played villains in movies such as David Copperfield (1935); Captain Blood (1935); and The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938), before achieving his greatest fame, playing Sherlock Holmes in 14 movies and over 200 radio broadcasts from 1939-1946. He died in New York, the day after being given a clean bill of health by his doctor.

Albert Lutuli, 69 (?). Southern Rhodesian-born S.A. politician. Mr. Lutuli was President of the African National Congress from 1952 until his death when he was struck by a freight train while walking across a railroad bridge over the Umvuti River near his home in Stanger (now KwaDukuza). He became the first person from outside Europe and the Americas to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, winning it in 1960 for his role in the non-violent struggle against apartheid.

Jimmie Foxx, 59. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Foxx was a catcher, later a first baseman, with the Philadelphia Athletics (1925-1935); Boston Red Sox (1936-1942); Chicago Cubs (1942, 1944); and Philadelphia Blue Jays (1945), batting .325 with 534 home runs and 1,922 runs batted in in 2,317 games. His best seasons were 1932, when he hit .364 with 58 home runs and 169 runs batted in--leading the league in the last two categories--and 1933, when he won the Triple Crown (.356, 48, 163). Mr. Foxx helped the Athletics win the World Series in 1929 and 1930, and was named the American League's Most Valuable Player in 1932, 1933, and 1938. His career total of home runs at the time of his retirement was second to Babe Ruth's major league record of 714. Mr. Foxx pitched in 1 game with the Red Sox in 1939 and 9 games with the Blue Jays in 1945, posting a record of 1-0 with an earned run average of 1.52. He managed the Fort Wayne Daisies of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League in 1952, and managed the University of Miami Hurricanes in 1956-1957. Mr. Foxx was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1951; he died from choking on a piece of food.

Canadiana
The Gardiner Dam on the South Saskatchewan River was dedicated in honour of Jimmy Gardiner, former Saskatchewan Premier and federal Minister of Agriculture.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Edmonton (2-2) 7 @ Toronto 36

Jim Thomas scored the lone Edmonton touchdown, converted by Peter Kempf, as the Argonauts routed the Eskimos at CNE Stadium.

40 years ago
1977


Died on this date
Lee Miller, 70
. U.S. photographer and journalist. Miss Miller was a model and fashion photographer who became a war correspondent for Vogue during World War II. She died of cancer.

War
Egypt reported that her forces had beaten back a Libyan armoured and aerial attack over the border near the village of Salum, and claimed that Libya had lost 40 tanks and 2 planes in the clash.

Politics and government
The Sri Lanka Freedom Party of Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike suffered a humiliating defeat in parliamentary elections. The United National Party, led by Junius Jayawardene, captured 140 of 168 seats in the parliament, an increase of 120 from before the election. The Tamil United Liberation Front's total remained at 18 seats, while the Freedom Party dropped from 81 seats to 8. Prime Minister Bandaranaike retained her seat in a close race, but all 11 members of her cabinet lost their seats. Ms. Bandaranaike had governed under emergency rule since a Communist-inspired student rebellion in 1971, and her personal rule was generally regarded as the key issue in the election.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Commerce Department reported that the nation's "real" gross national product had risen 6.4% during the spring quarter of 1977.

Baseball
The Los Angeles Dodgers released pitcher Al Downing, ending his 17-year major league career. He compiled a record of 123-107 with 3 saves and an earned run average of 3.22 in 405 games with the New York Yankees (1961-1969); Oakland Athletics (1970); Milwaukee Brewers (1970); and the Dodgers (1971-1977), batting .127 with 2 home runs and 33 runs batted in in 409 games. Mr. Downing's best season was 1971, when he was 20-9 with a 2.68 ERA; in 1977 he was 0-1 with a 6.75 ERA in 12 games. Mr. Downing played with pennant-winning teams in 1963, 1964, and 1974, but was best remembered for surrendering Hank Aaron's major league record 715th career home run on April 8, 1974.

Ruppert Jones drove in 2 runs with a home run and a sacrifice fly to help the Seattle Mariners defeat the Oakland Athletics 4-3 before 17,382 fans, including this blogger and his parents, at the Kingdome in Seattle. Wayne Gross and Mitchell Page homered for Oakland.

Dick Davis singled home Sal Bando with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 4-4 tie and give the Milwaukee Brewers a 5-4 win over the New York Yankees and a split of their doubleheader before 22,812 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Yankees scored all their runs in the bottom of the 1st inning--after the first 2 batters made outs--but the Brewers rallied for 4 runs in the top of the 9th to tie the score. Catfish Hunter pitched a 5-hit shutout for the Yankees as they won the first game 7-0; Lenn Sakata made his major league debut at second base for Milwaukee, batting 0 for 4, and making 2 assists.

The Boston Red Sox scored 9 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning as they defeated the Cleveland Indians 11-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 29,059 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Andre Thornton hit a single, double, and home run, scoring 3 runs and driving in 2, to help the Indians win the second game 8-2.

Pinch hitter Bill Buckner singled home Manny Trillo with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Chicago Cubs a 4-3 win over the Atlanta Braves before 20,895 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Al Oliver led off the bottom of the 4th inning with a home run to open the scoring and added a sacrifice fly in the 5th to help the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Cincinnati Reds 6-2 before 21,713 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Mario Soto made his major league debut with Cincinnati, pitching the 5th and 6th innings in relief of losing pitcher Fred Norman, and allowing 3 hits and 2 runs--both earned--while throwing a wild pitch.

Bob Forsch pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over J.R. Richard as the St. Louis Cardinals blanked the Houston Astros 4-0 before 15,743 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium. The Cardinals made just 4 hits against Mr. Richard and Joe Sambito.

Pinch hitter Jerry Martin's 3-run triple climaxed an 8-run 6th inning as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the San Francisco Giants 9-6 before 5,771 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. Martin was batting for Bake McBride, who led off the inning with a triple and came in to score.

Tony Perez doubled home 3 runs in the top of the 5th inning and Steve Rogers pitched a 4-hitter as the Montreal Expos shut out the Los Angeles Dodgers 4-0 before 35,833 fans at Dodger Stadium. The 5th-inning rally began with 2 out and nobody on base.

George Hendrick singled home Bill Almon with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the San Diego Padres a 3-2 win over the New York Mets before 9,757 fans at San Diego Stadium.

25 years ago
1992


Politics and government
U.S. House of Representatives Minority Leader Newt Gingrich (Republican—Georgia), forced to run in a new district in suburban Atlanta as a result of redistricting, barely held off a challenge from Herman Clark to be renominated as a Republican candidate for Congress in the November election. Mr. Gingrich, criticized by Mr. Clark as a “Washington insider,” took just 50.7% of the vote in the Republican party primary despite outspending his challenger $1.1 million-$150,000.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 MMMBop--Hanson (2nd week at #1)
2 Bitch--Meredith Brooks
3 A Change Will Do You Good--Sheryl Crow
4 Semi-Charmed Life--Third Eye Blind
5 Sunny Came Home--Shawn Colvin
6 The Freshmen--Verve Pipe
7 Sitting on Top of the World--Amanda Marshall
8 Do You Know What it Takes--Robyn
9 All for You--Sister Hazel
10 Building a Mystery--Sarah McLachlan

Singles entering the chart were I'll Be Missing You by Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (#67); Good Enough by Dodgy (#76); Return of the Mack by Mark Morrison (#87); Four Leaf Clover by Abra Moore (#93); and Half the Man by Dayna Manning (#94).

Protest
British Columbia fishermen released the American ferry Malaspina, an Alaska-bound ship blocked at Prince Rupert. The fishermen were protesting U.S. fishing of sockeye salmon heading for spawning in British Columbia.

10 years ago
2007


Literature
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the final volume in the book series by J.K. Rowling, went on sale.

Football
CFL
Toronto (2-2) 10 @ Calgary (2-2) 33