Monday, December 22, 2014

December 22, 2014

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Union Army General William T. Sherman sent a message to President Abraham Lincoln from Georgia, saying, "I beg to present you as a Christmas gift the city of Savannah," concluding Gen. Sherman's "March to the Sea."

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
George Hutson
. U.K. runner. Mr. Hutson won bronze medals in the men's 5000-metre run and the 3000-metre team race at the 1912 Summer Olympic Games in Stockholm. He died on September 14, 1914 at the age of 34 when he was killed in the Battle of the Marne while serving as a sergeant with the Royal Sussex Regiment.

Minor Watson. U.S. actor. Mr. Watson was a character actor who appeared in 113 movies from 1913-1956. He died on July 28, 1965 at the age of 75.

120 years ago
1894


Abominations
French Army Captain Alfred Dreyfus was convicted of treason in a court-martial that triggered worldwide charges of anti-Semitism.

Golf
The United States Golf Association, which sets the rules for the game in addition to administering the United States Open, was founded in New York City at a meeting of delegates from five clubs: Newport (Rhode Island) Golf Club; St. Andrew's Golf Club in Yonkers, New York; The Country Club in Brookline, Massachusetts; Shinnecock Hills Golf Club in Southampton, New York; and Chicago Golf Club.

90 years ago
1924


Hockey
NHL
Babe Dye scored 5 goals as the Toronto St. Patricks routed the Boston Bruins 10-2 at Mutual Street Arena in Toronto.

75 years ago
1939


Protest
Indian Muslims observe a "Day of Deliverance" to celebrate the resignations of members of the Indian National Congress over their not having been consulted over the decision to enter World War II with the United Kingdom.

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Harry Langdon, 60
. U.S. actor. Mr. Langdon was one of the most popular comedy performers of the silent film era, starring in movies such as The Strong Man (1926); Tramp, Tramp, Tramp (1926); and Long Pants (1927). His career began to decline after he took over the directing chores for his own pictures, and most of his performances took place in short and low-budget movies. Mr. Langdon was one of the writers of the Laurel and Hardy movies Block-Heads (1938); The Flying Deuces (1939); A Chump at Oxford (1940); and Saps at Sea (1940), and co-starred with Oliver Hardy in Zenobia (1939). Mr. Langdon died from a cerebral hemorrhage.

War
The office of U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that 250,000 more fighting men would have to be found for Britain's armies in 1945. During the Battle of the Bulge, Germany demanded the surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium; U.S. Army Brigadier General Anthony C. McAuliffe reportedly replied: "Nuts!" The U.S.S.R. threw about 240,000 troops into battle in Latvia. Japanese troops retreating through the Chinese province of Kwangsi stiffened their resistance at Hochih, 95 miles northwest of Liuchow. The Vietnam People's Army was formed to resist Japanese occupation of Indochina.

50 years ago
1964


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Devil's Carnival, with guest stars Philip Abbott, Warren Oates, Dee Pollock, and Madeleine Sherwood

Defense
The first test flight of the Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" reconnaissance plane took place at Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California.

Transportation
The Eastern Townships Autoroute opened in Quebec.

40 years ago
1974


Died on this date
Sterling North, 68
. U.S. author. Mr. North was best known for his children's novel Rascal (1963).

Africana
Grande Comore, Anjouan, and Mohéli voted to become the independent nation of Comoros. Mayotte remained under French administration.

Terrorism
The Irish Republican Army was blamed for a bomb that was thrown at the London home of former British Prime Minister Edward Heath. Mr. Heath was away, but returned home 10 minutes later.

Hockey
NHL
Phil Esposito of the Boston Bruins became the sixth player to score 500 career goals.

Football
NFL
AFC Divisional Playoff
Buffalo 14 @ Pittsburgh 32

NFC Divisional Playoff
Washington 10 @ Los Angeles 19

Franco Harris rushed 24 times for 74 yards and 3 touchdowns as the Steelers, led by quarterback Terry Bradshaw, rolled up 438 yards in net offense as they defeated the Bills before 49,841 fans at Three Rivers Stadium. Pittsburgh's Roy Gerela opened the scoring with a 21-yard field goal, but Buffalo quarterback Joe Ferguson completed a 22-yard touchdown pass to Paul Seymour, and John Leypoldt's convert gave the Bills a 7-3 lead after the 1st quarter. The Steelers erupted for 4 touchdowns--only 2 of them converted--in the 2nd quarter, beginning with a 27-yard pass from Mr. Bradshaw to Rocky Bleier. Buffalo running back O.J. Simpson, who was held to 49 yards rushing for the game, scored the only touchdown of the 2nd half on a 3-yard pass from Mr. Ferguson in the 3rd quarter.

The Rams trailed the Redskins 10-7 in the 3rd quarter before 77,925 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, but the Los Angeles defense recovered 2 Washington fumbles and David Ray kicked 2 field goals to give the Rams a 13-10 lead, before linebacker Isiah Robertson intercepted a Sonny Jurgensen pass in the 4th quarter and returned it 59 yards for a touchdown to clinch the victory. The Rams opened the scoring in the 1st quarter on a 10-yard touchdown pass from James Harris to Bob Klein, converted by Mr. Ray. The Redskins replied with a 35-yard field goal by Mike Bragg in the 1st quarter and a 1-yard touchdown rush by Moses Denson in the 2nd quarter, converted by Mr. Bragg.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I Just Called To Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): When The Rain Begins To Fall--Jermaine Jackson and Pia Zadora (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): When The Rain Begins To Fall--Jermaine Jackson and Pia Zadora (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Do They Know it's Christmas?--Band Aid

#1 single in the U.K.: Do They Know it's Christmas?--Band Aid (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Like a Virgin--Madonna

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Wild Boys--Duran Duran (2nd week at #1)
2 Like a Virgin--Madonna
3 I Feel for You--Chaka Khan
4 Cool it Now--New Edition
5 Sea of Love--The Honeydrippers
6 Out of Touch--Daryl Hall John Oates
7 We Belong--Pat Benatar
8 Wake Me Up Before You Go Go--Wham!
9 Valotte--Julian Lennon
10 Run to You--Bryan Adams

Singles entering the chart were Careless Whisper by Wham! featuring George Michael (#29); Money Changes Everything by Cyndi Lauper (#57); Sugar Walls by Sheena Easton (#60); The Old Man Down the Road by John Fogerty (#62); Do They Know it's Christmas? by Band Aid (#67); Lovergirl by Teena Marie (#84); Treat Her Like a Lady by the Temptations (#85); Mr. Telephone Man by New Edition (#86); Turn Up the Radio by Autograph (#88); Do it Again by the Kinks (#89); and Naughty Naughty by John Parr (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Sea of Love--The Honeydrippers
2 I Feel for You--Chaka Khan
3 The Wild Boys--Duran Duran
4 I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder
5 Wake Me Up Before You Go Go--Wham!
6 Caribbean Queen (No More Love on the Run)--Billy Ocean
7 Strut--Sheena Easton
8 Out of Touch--Daryl Hall John Oates
9 All Through the Night--Cyndi Lauper
10 Valotte--Julian Lennon

Singles entering the chart were Mistake No. 3 by Culture Club (#86); Money Changes Everything by Cyndi Lauper (#92); Method of Modern Love by Daryl Hall John Oates (#94); In Neon by Elton John (#95); Neutron Dance by the Pointer Sisters (#96); and Make No Mistake, He's Mine by Barbra Streisand (with Kim Carnes) (#97).

Popular culture
Harrumph! Egad! Fap! Our Boarding House, a comic panel created by Gene Ahern that had been running since September 16, 1921, was published in newspapers for the last time, as the final creative team, cartoonist Les Carroll and writer Tom McCormick, had decided to retire. It ended with one of Major Amos B. Hoople’s inventions finally making big money. An Arab sheik had sold all his oil interests and wanted to market solar energy, using one of the Major’s patents. He offered Major Hoople $5 million to fly to his country immediately, or he would move to nuclear power. Major Hoople accepted, and he and Martha left the boarding house with Buster, Clyde, Mack, and Twiggs still living there, and three servants to do the work of Mrs. Hoople. Twiggs predicted that they’d be closed within a week. The Edmonton Journal was one of the few papers still carrying Our Boarding House to the very end. Every few years they’d drop the feature, only to bring it back when readers complained. Our Boarding House inspired a radio series titled Major Hoople that ran in 1942-1943 with Arthur Q. Bryan in the title role, but no episodes are known to survive.

Crime
New York City resident Bernhard Goetz shot four Negro youths on a Manhattan subway train, claiming they were about to rob him.

Football
NFL
AFC Wild Card Playoff
Los Angeles Raiders 7 @ Seattle 13

NCAA
Sun Bowl
Maryland 28 Tennessee 27

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Escaping--Margaret Urlich (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Samuel Beckett, 83
. Irish-born French playwright and novelist. Mr. Beckett’s works included Waiting for Godot (1952) and Krapp’s Last Tape (1959). He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for 1959. I’ve never bothered reading any of his stuff, because I have no interest in whiny Europeans who spend their time complaining about the God they say doesn’t exist.

World events
As up to 150,000 pro-democracy protesters massed to defy Securitate forces in Romania, it was reported that the defense minister had committed suicide, though it was later determined that he had been shot for refusing to order the army to fire on the demonstrators. Military units joined the rebels. President Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena, his chief deputy in the government, fled Bucharest by helicopter. They landed and seized a car, but were in turn captured by insurgents near Tirgoviste. A coalition of former Communist officials, military officers, students, and others formed the National Salvation Front to run the country.

Berlin’s most famous landmark, the Brandenburg Gate, opened for the first time in nearly 30 years.

War
The Organization of American States condemned the U.S.A.’s invasion of Panama.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Old Pop in an Oak--Rednex (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
North Korean officials returned the body of U.S. Army Chief Warrant Officer David Hilemon to U.S. officials, five days after the reconnaissance helicopter carrying CWO Hilemon and CWO Bobby Hall had been shot down over N.K. territory, resulting in the death of CWO Hilemon and the capture of CWO Hall.

Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, whose governing coalition in parliament was falling apart, submitted his resgination to President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro. Mr. Berlusconi would lead a caretaker government until elections were held.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product had grown at an annual rate of 4% in the third quarter of 1994.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Doug Ault, 54
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Ault was a first baseman with the Texas Rangers (1976) and Toronto Blue Jays (1977-1978, 1980), batting .236 with 17 home runs and 86 runs batted in in 256 games. He was the Blue Jays' first baseman in their first game ever, and hit his first 2 home runs--and the first 2 in the history of the Blue Jays--as they defeated the Chicago White Sox 9-5 before 44,649 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. However, Mr. Ault had a hitch in his swing that he was unable to correct, and pitchers soon took advantage of this weakness. Mr. Ault played in Japan and the Mexican League before finshing his playig career in 1982, and then became a manager in the Blue Jays' minor league organization, winning two pennants. However, he was unable to find work in professional baseball after 1994, and other endeavors and marital problems eventually led him to commit suicide by shooting himself.

Saturday, December 20, 2014

December 21, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Juliette Richard!

120 years ago
1894


Politics and government
Canadian Governor General Earl of Aberdeen appointed Senator Mackenzie Bowell, the Conservative government's senior cabinet minister, as Prime Minister, succeeding Sir John Thompson, who had died suddenly in London on December 12. Sir Mackenzie, the Minister of Trade and Commerce and government leader in the Senate, became the second--and so far, last--person to be Prime Minister of Canada while serving in the Senate.

70 years ago
1944


War
Canadian troops in Italy captured Bagnacavallo and advanced on the eastern front to the Senio River. In the pincer movement to trap the last German troops in Hungary, Soviet forces closed the gap between their armies to 22 miles. British troops in Greece used tanks and rocket-firing planes against ELAS forces.

Politics and government
Juan Jose Arevalo was elected President of Guatemala.

Scandal
James Allen, who had been convicted of conspiracy to obstruct the drafting of men into the U.S. armed services and had been unsuccessful in four attempts to have his case heard by the U.S. Supreme Court, filed a suit for $75 million against U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Attorney General Francis Biddle, Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover, and others on charges that they had "conspired" to injure his reputation and property; deprive him of his liberty and use of freedom of the press; and intimidate him in to submission.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill authorizing a $10-million public works program for the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Communications
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Paul Porter as chairman of the Federal Communications Commission.

60 years ago
1954


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Gielgud and Ralph Richardson, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Final Problem, with guest star Orson Welles as Professor Moriarty

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ma Vie--Alain Barriere (6th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 (There's) Always Something There to Remind Me--Sandie Shaw
2 I Feel Fine--The Beatles
3 Mr. Lonely--Bobby Vinton
4 I'm Gonna Be Strong--Gene Pitney
5 Ringo--Lorne Greene
6 Big Man in Town--The 4 Seasons
7 Mountain of Love--Johnny Rivers
8 Come See About Me--The Supremes
9 Everything's Alright--The Newbeats
10 Dance, Dance, Dance--The Beach Boys

Singles entering the chart were The Jerk by the Larks (#29); He's in Town by the Red Berries (#33); Boom Boom by the Animals (#34); Lovin' Place by Gale Garnett (#35); Don't Forget I Still Love You by Bobbi Martin (#37); Do-Wacka-Do by Roger Miller (#38); My Buddy Seat by the Hondells (#39); and I Can't Live Without You by Joe Popiel (#40).

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Memo from Purgatory, starring James Caan, Lynn Loring, Walter Koenig, Tony Musante, and Zalman King

Space
The United States launched the satellite Explorer 26, whose mission was to study natural and artificial radiation regions.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Lonely This Christmas--Mud

#1 single in the U.K.: Lonely This Christmas--Mud

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Cat's in the Cradle--Harry Chapin

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Angie Baby--Helen Reddy
2 Cat's in the Cradle--Harry Chapin
3 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
4 Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John
5 Junior's Farm--Paul McCartney & Wings
6 You're the First, the Last, My Everything--Barry White
7 I Can Help--Billy Swan
8 Only You--Ringo Starr
9 Sha-La-La (Make Me Happy)--Al Green
10 You Got the Love--Rufus featuring Chaka Khan

Singles entering the chart were Big Yellow Taxi by Joni Mitchell (#80); Black Water by the Doobie Brothers (#82); Lonely People by America (#83); When a Child is Born by Michael Holm (#84); I'm a Woman by Maria Muldaur (#87); Costafine Town by Splinter (#89); Your Bulldog Drinks Champagne by Jim Stafford (#96); I Wouldn't Treat a Dog (The Way You Treated Me) by Bobby Bland (#98); Hoppy, Gene and Me by Roy Rogers (#99); and Day Tripper by Anne Murray (#100). Big Yellow Taxi was a live version of a song that had originally been a hit for Miss Mitchell in 1970.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
2 I Can Help--Billy Swan
3 My Melody of Love--Bobby Vinton
4 Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John
5 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
6 So You are a Star--The Hudson Brothers
7 Longfellow Serenade--Neil Diamond
8 Life is a Rock (But the Radio Rolled Me)--Reunion
9 One Man Woman/One Woman Man--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
10 Junior's Farm--Paul McCartney & Wings

Singles entering the chart were Day Tripper by Anne Murray (#84); Ready by Cat Stevens (#85); Best of My Love by the Eagles (#86); Pick Up the Pieces by Average White Band (#87); Fly Away by Wednesday (#88); I'll Be Your Everything by Percy Sledge (#89); Struttin' by Billy Preston (#91); Get Dancin' by Disco Tex and the Sex-O-Lettes (#92); I Belong to You by Love Unlimited (#93); Changes by David Bowie (#94); It's All Right by Jim Capaldi (#95); She's Gone by Tavares (#96); Someday by Dave Loggins (#97); I'll Be Gone by the Huggett Family (#98); Some Kind of Wonderful by Grand Funk (#99); and Can't Get it Out of My Head by Electric Light Orchestra (#100).

Calgary's top 10
1 Angie Baby--Helen Reddy (2nd week at #1)
2 Cat's in the Cradle--Harry Chapin
3 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
4 Ramona--Stampeders
5 I Can Help--Billy Swan
6 Life is a Rock (But the Radio Rolled Me)--Reunion
7 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
8 Wishing You were Here--Chicago
9 Longfellow Serenade--Neil Diamond
10 So You are a Star--The Hudson Brothers
Pick hit of the week: Everlasting Love--Carl Carlton

Died on this date
Richard Long, 47
. U.S. actor. Mr. Long appeared in the television series Bourbon Street Beat (1959-1960); 77 Sunset Strip (1960-1962); The Big Valley (1965-1969); and Nanny and the Professor (1970-1971). His movies included Tomorrow is Forever (1946); The Stranger (1946); and Cult of the Cobra (1955). Mr. Long died four days after his 47th birthday, after a series of heart attacks.

Football
NFL
NFC Divisional Playoff
St. Louis 14 @ Minnesota 30

AFC Divisional Playoff
Miami 26 @ Oakland 28

Fran Tarkenton completed touchdown passes of 16 and 38 yards to John Gilliam, and Chuck Foreman rushed for 114 yards and a touchdown as the Vikings defeated the Cardinals before 48,150 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. The touchdown that broke the game open came in the 3rd quarter, when Minnesota defensive back Nate Wright returned a fumble 20 yards, and Fred Cox's convert gave the Vikings a 17-7 lead. The Cardinals opened and closed the scoring on a 13-yard touchdown pass from Jim Hart to Earl Thomas and an 11-yard touchdown rush by Terry Metcalf, both converted by Jim Bakken.

Ken Stabler's 8-yard touchdown pass to Clarence Davis with 26 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Raiders their win over the Dolphins before 53,023 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, ending Miami's two-year reign as Super Bowl champions. Mr. Stabler had earlier thrown touchdown passes of 31 yards to Charlie Smith, 13 yards to Fred Biletnikoff, and 72 yards to Cliff Branch. Miami's Nat Moore returned the opening kickoff 89 yards for a touchdown; Bob Griese completed a 16-yard touchdown pass to Paul Warfield in the 3rd quarter; and Benny Malone rushed 23 yards for a touchdown in the 4th quarter to give the Dolphins the lead. The Dolphins attempted a comeback in the final seconds, but Mr. Griese's pass was intercepted by Oakland linebacker Phil Villapiano.

30 years ago
1984


Basketball
U.S. university
Georgeann Wells of West Virginia University became the first woman to dunk the ball during competition in a game at Elkins, West Virginia.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Ryyd-joulu--Bat & Ryyd (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10
1 Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers
2 Blame it on the Rain--Milli Vanilli
3 Back to Life--Soul II Soul
4 Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins
5 Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic featuring Felly
6 We Didn't Start the Fire--Billy Joel
7 When I See You Smile--Bad English
8 Angelia--Richard Marx
9 Rhythm Nation--Janet Jackson
10 With Every Beat of My Heart--Taylor Dayne

Protest
Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu addressed a rally in Bucharest and was jeered by many in the crowd, an unprecedented event considering how tightly he held power. Securitate troops, known for their fierce loyalty to Mr. Ceausescu, fired on the crowd, drove them elsewhere, and killed up to 40.

Crime
Larry Mahoney, the driver of a pickup truck that had collided with a church bus near Carrollton, Kentucky in May 1988, was acquitted on 27 counts of murder, but was convicted on 27 counts of manslaughter. Mr. Mahoney's lawyers acknowledged that he had been drunk and driving in the the wrong direction on an interstate highway at the time of the crash, but blamed a faulty gas tank on the bus for the fire that took the heavy toll of life, including 24 children and 3 adults. 12 other people were burned in the crash.

20 years ago
1994


War
American and North Korean officials met at Panmunjom, in the demilitarized zone between North and South Korea, to discuss the December 17 North Korean downing of a U.S. reconnaissance helicopter that was flying over N.K. territory, resulting in the death of Chief Warrant Officer David Hilemon and the capture of CWO Bobby Hall.

Politics and government
All four Northern League ministers resigned from the cabinet of Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.

Economics and finance
The day after the Mexican government of President Ernesto Zedillo had allowed the peso to fall 15% against the U.S. dollar, the government allowed the peso to float freely in currency markets, triggering a decline of an additional 15% in its value.

World events
The Mexican volcano Popocatépetl, dormant for 47 years, erupted gases and ash.

10 years ago
2004


War
In the single deadliest suicide attack on American soldiers in Iraq, a suicide bomber killed 22 at the forward operating base next to the main U.S. military airfield at Mosul.

December 20, 2014

150 years ago
1864


Defense
Canadian militia were sent near the U.S. border to guard against possible raids by the Fenians, the Irish-American secret society dedicated to the end of British rule in Ireland.

War
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate forces evacuated Savannah, Georgia as Union General William T. Sherman continued his "March to the Sea."

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Harry F. Byrd, Jr.
U.S. politician. Mr. Byrd, a nephew of polar explorer Richard Byrd and son of a United States Senator, was a Democrat who served in the Virginia state Senate from 1948-1965. Upon the resignation of his father from the United States Senate in November 1965 for health reasons, Mr. Byrd was appointed to succeed him. He split with the Democratic Party in 1970 and was re-elected as an independent candidate in 1970 and 1976, serving in the Senate until 1983. Mr. Byrd died on July 30, 2013 at the age of 98.

90 years ago
1924


Crime
German Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler was released from Landsberg Prison in Bavaria after serving nine months for treason as a result of his failed "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich on November 9, 1923.

75 years ago
1939

Died on this date
Hans Langsdorff, 55
. German military officer. Mr. Langsdorff, captain of the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee, lay on the ship’s battle ensign and shot himself in Montevideo a week after the ship suffered serious damage from British ships in the Battle of the River Plate, and three days after the Admiral Graf Spee was scuttled. Captain Langsdorff had wanted to go down with the ship, but held off until he knew that the crew would be granted amnesty. His suicide also forestalled any suspicions that he had retired from the battle out of cowardice.

70 years ago
1944


At the movies
Winged Victory, starring Lon McCallister, Jeanne Crain, and Edmond O'Brien, opened in theatres in New York City.

War
U.S. forces were holding on the flanks of the German offensive into Belgium. The U.S. 1st Army's VII Corps resumed its attack toward the Roer River, blocking the Winden-Untermanbach highway and pushing into Schneidhausen. Royal Canadian Air Force Squadrons Nos. 435 and 436 flew their first operational mission, supplying the British Fourteenth Army on its epic march south on the Burma Road. U.S. troops in the Philippines captured Valencia on Leyte Island and its airfield, recent headquarters of the Japanese 35th Army. U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur claimed that the Allies had won the battle for Ormoc in the Philippines.

Diplomacy
British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told the House of Commons that the U.K. wanted only to feed starving Greeks and ensure a stable democratic government in Greece, and was not trying to force a regency or unwelcome king on the populace.

Transportation
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the measure appropriating $1.5 billion in federal aid for building state highways.

60 years ago
1954


On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Ronald Howard and H. Marion Crawford
Tonight's episode: The Mother Hubbard Case

Died on this date
James Hilton, 54
. U.K.-born U.S. author. Mr. Hilton was best known for his novels Lost Horizon (1933); Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1934); and Random Harvest (1941). He shared an Academy Award for his contribution to the screenplay of Mrs. Miniver (1942). Mr. Hilton died of liver cancer.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet--Bachman-Turner Overdrive

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas (7th week at #1)

Politics and government
The Canadian Parliament increased the number of seats in the House of Commons from 264 to 282, effective the next federal election.

30 years ago
1984


Disasters
The Summit Tunnel fire was the largest underground fire in history, as a freight train carrying over 1 million litres of gasoline derailed near the town of Todmorden, England, in the Pennines. Fortunately, there were no fatalities, and damage was minimal.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Lambada--Kaoma (10th week at #1)

War
In the early morning hours, more than 12,000 U.S. Army, Navy, and Air Force personnel landed in Panama, doubling the U.S. military presence in the country. U.S. forces were divided into five task forces which attacked selected targets. One seized the headquarters of the Panama defense forces; other targets included military and strategic locations in and around Panama City. The U.S. force, however, failed to capture dictator General Manuel Noriega. An alternative government, headed by Guillermo Endara as president, was sworn in by a Panamanian judge at a U.S. military base. Mr. Endara claimed he had won a presidential election in May, but Gen. Noriega had annulled the vote. To protect shipping, U.S. troops closed the Panama Canal. Announcing the invasion, U.S. President George Bush said he had the obligation to safeguard the lives of American citizens. U.S. Secretary of State James Baker said that Gen. Noriega reportedly had planned to attack U.S. citizens in Panama. Most members of the United States Congress supported the invasion.

Politics and government
The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia replaced Karel Urbanek as its leader with Premier Ladislav Adamec.

The Lithuanian Communist Party declared itself independent of the Soviet party and asserted that its goal was the creation of an "independent democratic Lithuanian state."

Protest
Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu returned from a visit to Iran and denounced the pro-democracy demonstrators in his country.

20 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Dean Rusk, 85
. U.S. politician. Mr. Rusk was U.S. Secretary of State in the administrations of Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson from 1961-1969, serving during the Bay of Pigs invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the Vietnam War.

War
Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, in Bosnia as a private citizen to meet with leaders of that country's warring factions, announced that the government and the Bosnian Serbs had agreed to a cease-fire.

Economics and finance
In an attempt to make Mexican products more affordable on world markets, the Mexican government of President Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon allowed the peso to fall nearly 15% in value against the U.S. dollar.

The United States Commerce Department reported that the trade deficit in October was $10.14 billion, the second-highest monthly figure ever.

10 years ago
2004


Crime
A gang of thieves stole £26.5 million worth of currency from the Donegall Square West headquarters of Northern Bank in Belfast, one of the largest bank robberies in British history.

Friday, December 19, 2014

December 19, 2014

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Abbas II, 70
. Khedive of Egypt and Sudan, 1892-1914. Abbas II was the last Khedive of Egypt and Sudan, serving under the Ottoman Empire. He died 30 years--virtually to the day--after being deposed by Great Britain because of his support for the Ottoman Empire at the beginning of World War I.

War
U.S. forces in Belgium struck back at the German offensive, taking Stavelot and engaging in heavy fighting in Malmedy. Soviet forces in Czechoslovakia drove to within 9 miles of the Kosice rail junction. In wide-ranging attacks, Allied planes struck Omura on the Japanese island of Kyushu, as well as the Chinese cities of Shanghai and Nanking. The British Information Service announced in Washington that under the terms of an interim agreement all British forces, save a few border patrols, would be withdrawn from Ethiopia.

Economics and finance
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Director Herbert Lehman announced the withdrawal from Greece of most of the UNRRA staff because of military conditions in the country.

Scandal
A U.S. federal grand jury indicted Carl L. Norden, Inc., Theodore Barth and Ward Marvelle--officials of the organization--and United States Naval Reserve Commander John Corrigan on charges of conspiring to defraud the United States government by restricting production of the Norden bombsight to the Norden firm.

Politics and government
The United States Senate, just prior to adjournment and the expiration of the 77th Congress, confirmed all six of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's nominees as assistants to Secretary of State Edward Stettinius. The nominees included Joseph Grew; William Clayton; Nelson Rockefeller; and Archibald MacLeish.

Labour
Montgomery Ward announced a basic minimum wage plan, approved by the U.S. National War Labor Board, for its stores in the Detroit area.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Feel Fine/She's a Woman--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Sacré Charlemagne--France Gall

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Non son degno di te--Gianni Morandi

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Pretty Woman--Roy Orbison

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Feel Fine--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Come See About Me--The Supremes

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Feel Fine--The Beatles
2 Mr. Lonely--Bobby Vinton
3 Come See About Me--The Supremes
4 Ringo--Lorne Greene
5 She's Not There--The Zombies
6 Time is on My Side--The Rolling Stones
7 I'm Into Something Good--Herman's Hermits
8 Goin' Out of My Head--Little Anthony and the Imperials
9 The Jerk--The Larks
10 Dance, Dance, Dance--The Beach Boys

Singles entering the chart were You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin' by the Righteous Brothers (#72); Hold What You've Got by Joe Tex (#73); I Can't Stop by the Honeycombs (#84); Come On Do the Jerk by the Miracles (#87); My Buddy Seat by the Hondells (#88); You're Nobody Till Somebody Loves You (#89)/You'll Always Be the One I Love (#91) by Dean Martin; The Name Game by Shirley Ellis (#92); Downtown by Petula Clark (#98); Fiddler on the Roof by the Village Stompers (#99); and Lovely, Lovely (Loverly, Loverly) by Chubby Checker (#100).

On television tonight
The Outer Limits, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Duplicate Man, starring Ron Randell, Sean McClory, and Constance Towers

World events
The South Vietnamese military junta of General Nguyễn Khánh dissolved the High National Council--an unelected advisory body created by the junta at the request of the United States--and arrested some of the members.

Defense
In Halifax, the Royal Canadian Navy commissioned HMCS Annapolis, the 20th ship in the destroyer escort program.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Oh Yes! You're Beautiful--Gary Glitter

Politics and government
Under the provisions of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Nelson Rockefeller was sworn in as Vice President of the United States under President Gerald Ford.

30 years ago
1984


Abominations
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang signed an agreement to transfer Hong Kong to China in 1997.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-British_Joint_Declaration

Hockey
NHL
Scotty Bowman became the NHL's career leader in victories with 691 when he coached the Buffalo Sabres to a 6-3 victory over the Black Hawks in Chicago.

25 years ago
1989


Diplomacy
West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl met with East German Premier Hans Modrow.

Protest
Pro-democracy demonstrations that had begun in Timisoara, Transylvania, Romania several days earlier spread to two other cities.

Crime
A bomb was discovered at the Jacksonville, Florida office of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People before it exploded. Federal investigators said that they had "hard forensic evidence" to link the bomb with those that had killed Alabama judge Robert Vance on December 16 and Savannah, Georgia attorney Robert Robinson on December 18. Another bomb had been discovered at the federal court building in Atlanta on December 18. Eventually, Walter Moody was convicted of murder and currently sits on death row in Alabama.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.4% in November.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Always--Bon Jovi (3rd week at #1)
2 Secret--Madonna
3 Out of Tears--Rolling Stones
4 Insensitive--Jann Arden
5 On Bended Knee--Boys II Men
6 You Don't Know How it Feels--Tom Petty
7 Get Over It--Eagles
8 Blind Man--Aerosmith
9 Dance Naked--John Mellencamp
10 What's the Frequency, Kenneth--R.E.M.

Singles entering the chart were Sukiyaki by 4 P.M. (#80); Soldier of Love by the Beatles (#85); You Wreck Me by Tom Petty (#86); Better Man by Pearl Jam (#90); and How Strong by Doucette (#92). Soldier of Love, recorded in July 1963, was from the album Live at the BBC, a compilation of recordings made on BBC Light Programme radio shows from 1963-1965.

Business
The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approved the $3.1-billion takeover of Maclean Hunter, Ltd. by Rogers Communications, Inc.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Herbert C. Brown, 92
. U.K.-born U.S. chemist. Dr. Brown, born Herbert Brovarnik, was born in London, but moved to the United States with his family at the age of 2. He shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Georg Wittig "for their development of the use of boron- and phosphorus-containing compounds, respectively, into important reagents in organic synthesis."

Wednesday, December 17, 2014

December 18, 2014

125 years ago
1889


Communications
The Canadian Pacific Railway telegraph was linked up with the Atlantic Cable at Canso, Nova Scotia.

100 years ago
1914


World events
The United Kingdom declared Egypt a Sultanate under British protectorate. The declaration was issued in the form of a letter from acting British Agent Milne Cheetham to Prince Hussein Kamel, uncle of Abbas II, Khedive of Egypt and Sudan. Abbas II was deposed because of his support for the Ottoman Empire, and Hussein Kamel became Sultan of Egypt.

75 years ago
1939


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: Wisteria Lodge

War
The Battle of the Heligoland Bight, the first major air battle of World War II, took place. Three British Royal Air Force bomber squadrons attempted to sink or damage German ships in the Heligoland Bight in the North Sea, but suffered enough damage to persuade them to abandon daylight missions thereafter.

70 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Wandering Miser

War
The large-scale German offensive into Belgium and Luxembourg picked up, driving at Consdorf and St. Vith. The U.S. 1st Army was supported by 60,000 men and 11,000 vehicles of the 3rd Army. The U.S. 9th Army took Wurm and Mullendorf. Soviet troops captured more than 40 towns in a 12-mile advance on a 68-mile front aimed at Slovakia. 77 B-29 Superfortresses and 200 other aircraft of the U.S. 14th Army Air Force bomed the Japanese supply base of Hankow, China. U.S. forces on Mindoro Island in the Philippines fanned out 6 miles from San Jose.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Edward Stettinius issued a statement reiterating the U.S. desire to defer border settlements in Poland to after the conclusion of the war.

Politics and government
Members of the U.S. Electoral College met in state capitols to cast 432 ballots for President and Democratic Party candidate Franklin D. Roosevelt and vice presidential nominee Harry Truman, and 99 for Republican Party presidential candidate Thomas Dewey and vice presidential candidate John W. Bricker.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court, in Korematsu v. United States, voted 6-3 to uphold the constitutionality of the U.S. government's wartime relocation and internment of Americans of Japanese descent. Meanwhile, in Ex parte Endo, the court ruled unanimously that the U.S. government could not continue to detain a citizen who was "concededly loyal" to the United States.

In United States v. Johnson, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that defendants charged with violating the Federal Denture Act for mailing dentures from Illinois to Delaware, where they were received by a person not licensed to practice dentistry in Delaware, could be prosecuted only in the district from which the dentures had been mailed.

Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Tunstall v. Brother of Locomotive Firemen that Negro employees on American railroads were protected by the Railway Labor Act against management-union pacts seeking to oust them from jobs and deny them promotions.

Sport
The Associated Press announced the results of a nationwide poll naming swimmer Ann Curtis as America's top female athlete of 1944, and golfer Byron Nelson as the top male athlete.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Sh-Boom--The Crew-Cuts (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Mr. Sandman--The Chordettes (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Let Me Go Lover--Joan Weber
2 Mr. Sandman--The Chordettes
--The Four Aces
3 I Need You Now--Eddie Fisher
4 Papa Loves Mambo--Perry Como
5 Teach Me Tonight--The DeCastro Sisters
6 This Ole House--Rosemary Clooney
7 Hey There--Rosemary Clooney
--Sammy Davis, Jr.
8 The Naughty Lady of Shady Lane--The Ames Brothers
--Archie Bleyer
9 Shake, Rattle and Roll--Bill Haley and his Comets
10 Count Your Blessings (Instead of Sheep)--Eddie Fisher

Singles entering the chart were Hearts of Stone by the Charms (#16, with the version by the Fontane Sisters); Open Up the Doghouse (Two Cats are Comin’ In) by Nat "King" Cole and Dean Martin (#27); Christmas Alphabet by the McGuire Sisters (#34); Melody of Love by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#36); Hold Me in Your Arms by Doris Day (#39); Addio by the Ames Brothers (#40); and No Man is an Island by Don Cornell (#43). Hold Me in Your Arms was the B-side (or maybe the A-side) of Ready, Willing and Able, charting at #47. Addio was the B-side of The Naughty Lady of Shady Lane.

Hockey
NHL
Maurice "Rocket" Richard of the Montreal Canadiens scored his 400th career goal in his 690th game.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Feel Fine--The Beatles

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 I Feel Fine--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 The Wedding--Julie Rogers
3 Love Potion No. 9--The Searchers
4 Run, Run, Run--The Gestures
5 Slaughter on Tenth Avenue--The Ventures
6 Amen--The Impressions
7 Alone and Lonely--Bobby Curtola
8 Dance, Dance, Dance--The Beach Boys
9 Mr. Lonely--Bobby Vinton
10 Leader of the Laundromat--The Detergents
Pick hit of the week: Little by Little--The Pickwicks
New this week: You'll Always Be the One I Love--Dean Martin
I Will Wait for You--Steve Lawrence
So What--Bill Black's Combo
Across the Street--Ray Peterson
So Many Other Boys--The Esquires

You'll Always Be the One I Love was the B-side (or maybe the A-side) of You're Nobody Till Somebody Loves You.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Come Back and Stay--Paul Young (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Harry Hooper, 87
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Hooper played right field with the Boston Red Sox (1909-1920) and Chicago White Sox (1921-1925), batting .281 with 75 home runs and 817 runs batted in in 2,309 games. He was a member of World Series championship teams in 1912, 1915, 1916, and 1918, as he combined with Tris Speaker and Duffy Lewis to form one of the best outfields in major league history. Mr. Hooper was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971.

Crime
In Mississauga, Ontario, businessman Peter Demeter was sentenced to life imprisonment for hiring an unknown person to kill his wife Christine in 1973 and collect $1 million insurance money.

Protest
The British government of Prime Minister Harold Wilson announced that it would pay £42,000 in compensation to relatives of those killed in the Bloody Sunday riots in Londonderry, Northern Ireland on January 30, 1972.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic featuring Felly (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Robert E. Robinson
. U.S. attorney. Mr. Robinson, a Negro who had performed legal work for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, was killed by a bomb that had been mailed to his office in Savannah, Georgia. Mr. Robinson’s death occurred two days after the similar murder of Judge Robert S. Vance of the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals in Alabama. Another bomb was discovered at the federal court building in Atlanta. Walter Moody ended up being convicted of the murders.

Diplomacy
The United States administration of President George Bush announced that national Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft and Deputy Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger, who had concluded a two-day visit to China on December 10, had also made a secret trip to China in July, a month after the Chinese regime had crushed the student uprising in Beijing’s Tienanmen Square.

Economics and finance
The European Economic Community and the Soviet Union signed an agreement on trade and commercial and economic cooperation.

Labour
Britain’s Labour Party, in line with European legislation, abandoned its policy in favour of closed shops. The move was seen by many as an attempt by Labour to shed the image of a party that was run by unions.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Cotton Eye Joe--Rednex (7th week at #1)

On television tonight
Don't Drink the Water, on ABC

This was the first made-for-television movie to be directed by Woody Allen, and was based on his 1966 Broadway play. He didn't direct the theatrical movie version, which was released in 1969. The stars of the 1994 version were Mr. Allen, Michael J. Fox, Dom DeLuise, Mayim Bialik, Edward Herrmann, and Julie Kavner.

War
Russian bombing raids on Grozny, capital of the separatist state of Chechnya, began.

Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic said that his government would agree to only a short-term cease-fire rather than to a long-term cease-fire that would tend to solidify territorial gains by the opposition Serbs. Mr. Izetbegovic made the announcement after meeting with former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, who had come to meet with leaders of the warring factions at the invitation of Bosnian Serb leaer Radovan Karadzic.

December 17, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ken Thiessen!

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Raymond Fernandez
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Fernandez and his partner Martha Beck were serial killers who murdered as many as 20 women between 1947-1949, and became known as the "Lonely Hearts Killers" from meeting their victims through "lonely hearts" advertisements. They were both executed in the electric chair at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York on March 8, 1951. Mr. Fernandez was 36 at the time of his death; Ms. Beck was 30.

90 years ago
1924


Society
The British Columbia Iegislature adopted a resolution opposing continued Oriental immigration.

75 years ago
1939


War
The first contingents of the Canadian First Division started arriving in England for service in World War II. Canada signed the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, a $1.281-billion program to train pilots, navigators, wireless operators and gunners from the U.K., Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee, heavily damaged from the Battle of the River Plate four days earlier and unable to safely depart Montevideo, left Montevideo harbour at 1815 hours and was scuttled by her crew just outside the harbour on orders of Captain Hans Langsdorff in order to avoid risking the lives of the crew in what the captain expected to be a losing battle. Uruguayan authorities had adhered to international treaties and had granted the Admiral Graf Spee a stay of 72 hours beyond the required 24 hours, but had ordered the ship to depart by 2000 hours on December 17 or be interned for the remainder of World War II.

70 years ago
1944


Abominations
German troops massacred 115 American prisoners of war near Malmedy, Belgium, as 15 escaped to freedom.

The U.S.S.R. and Finland signed an agreement on Finnish deliveries to fulfill Soviet demands for $300 million in war damages, although the Soviets had been the aggressors in the war, attacking Finland in 1939.

War
German troops moved through Belgium and Luxembourg as they gained ground against the southern flank of U.S. troops. ELAS troops in Greece renewed their shelling of Athens. For the first time since May, U.S. troops were reported active in Burma, fighting against Japanese forces northeast of Mandalay.

Defense
U.S. Western Defense Command chief Major General H. Conger Pratt proclaimed that effective January 2, 1945, all persons of Japanese ancestry who had been proved loyal to the United States could return to their former homes on the Pacific coast.

Football
NFL Championship @ Polo Grounds, New York
Green Bay 14 @ New York 7

Ted Fritsch scored 2 touchdowns in the 2nd quarter--the first on a 1-yard rush and the second on a 28-yard pass from Irv Comp--as the Packers held on to defeat the Giants before 46,016 fans. Don Hutson converted both touchdowns. Ward Cuff rushed 1 yard for the New York touchdown in the 4th quarter, converted by Ken Strong.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Let's Have Another Party--Winifred Atwell (3rd week at #1)

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): I Feel Fine--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Victor Francis Hess, 81
. Austrian-born U.S. physicist. Dr. Hess was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1936 "for his discovery of cosmic radiation." Dr. Hess was a Jew who fled Austria in 1938 when the Nazis marched in, and moved to the United States, becoming an American citizen in 1944.

Abominations
Two days after the Canadian House of Commons had voted to adopt a new national flag of Canada based on a Royal Military College design suggested by George Stanley, the Senate voted its approval. The House of Commons voted to keep flying the Union Jack as a symbol of Canada's membership in the Commonwealth.

Baseball
Six weeks after the Columbia Broadcasting System had bought controlling interest in the New York Yankees, they fired Mel Allen, who had called Yankees' games on radio, and later, television, since 1939. Mr. Allen had made "How about that!" and the home run call of "Going, going, gone!" familiar to listeners, but he had temporarily lost his voice during the 1963 World Series, and CBS believed that he talked too much on television. The Yankees had won the American League pennant in 19 of the 26 seasons in which Mr. Allen had broadcast their games and had posted a winning record in every season, but the team posted a losing record in their first season without him, and didn't win another pennant until 1976.

40 years ago
1974


Scandal
Four years after being kidnapped and murdered by FLQ terrorists, Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte was cleared by the Quebec Commission on Organized Crime of charges linking him with organized crime.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Like a Virgin--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): ¿Cómo Pudiste Hacerme Esto a Mí?--Alaska y Dinarama

Football
NFL
Dan Marino of the Miami Dolphins capped the most spectacular single-season passing display in history when he threw 4 touchdown passes in a 28-21 victory over the Dallas Cowboys at the Orange Bowl in Miami. Mr. Marino, in his second year as a pro, finished the regular season with a record 48 touchdown passes and 5,084 yards passing.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Girl I'm Gonna Miss You--Milli Vanilli (3rd week at #1)

War
U.S. troops in Panama were placed on high alert. There were already 12,000 military personnel in the country, their primary duty being to guard the Panama Canal.

Protest
Romanian Securitate (internal security) troops shot a large number of people to death at a pro-democracy demonstration in Timisoara, Transylvania.

Politics and government
Fernando Collor de Mello defeated Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in the second round of the Brazilian presidential election, becoming the first democratically-elected President in almost 30 years.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Zombie--The Cranberries

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Always--Bon Jovi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Hypnose--Scorpia (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Here Comes the Hotstepper--Ini Kamoze

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 On Bended Knee--Boys II Men (3rd week at #1)
2 Another Night--Real McCoy
3 Always--Bon Jovi
4 Here Comes the Hotstepper--Ini Kamoze
5 I'm the Only One--Melissa Etheridge
6 Secret--Madonna
7 I'll Make Love to You--Boyz II Men
8 You Want This/70's Love Groove--Janet Jackson
9 I Wanna Be Down--Brandy
10 Never Lie--Immature

Singles entering the chart were Take a Bow by Madonna (#32); Tootsee Roll by 69 Boyz (#54); Doll Parts by Hole (#71); Buddy Holly by Weezer (#78); I Miss You by N II U (#82); Bring the Pain by Method Man (#86); and Supernova by Liz Phair (#88).

War
North Korea shot down a U.S. reconnaissance helicopter that was flying over its territory. Chief Warrant Officers David Hilemon and Bobby Hall were the helicopters only occupants; CWO Hilemon died of his injuries, while CWO Hall was taken prisoner. North Korea conducted an investigation, while declining to discuss the matter with the United States.

Crime
Two months after a gunman had fired shots froma semiautomatic rifle at the White House, a similar incident occurred. In the early hours of the day, at least four small-calibre bullets were fired at the White House, one of which went through the window of a state dining room. U.S. President Bill Clinton and his family were asleep at the time. No one was injured in the shooting.

10 years ago
2004


Defense
U.S. President George W. Bush signed into law the largest overhaul of U.S. intelligence-gathering in 50 years.

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

December 16, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Heather Austin!

325 years ago
1689


Law
An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown--better known as the Bill of Rights--was passed by England's Convention Parliament.

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Major General George Thomas's Union forces completed their rout of Lieutenant General John Bell Hood's Confederate Army of Tennessee in the Battle of Nashville.

100 years ago
1914


War
German battleships under Franz von Hipper bombarded the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.

80 years ago
1934


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Today’s episode: The Case of the Walking Corpse

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'm Making Believe--The Ink Spots and Ella Fitzgerald (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Betsie ten Boom, 59
. Dutch holocaust victim. Miss ten Boom was the sister of Corrie ten Boom, author of The Hiding Place (1971). The family hid Jews from the Nazis during World War II. Betsie, who suffered from congential pernicious anemia, died in Ravensbruck Concentration Camp in Germany.

War
The Battle of the Bulge began at 5:30 A.M. with a German counter-offensive against U.S. forces. German artillery fire pounded American pounded American positions near Bastogne. The Germans attacked with three armies (some 19 divisions), and five in reserve. By nightfall, the American VII Corps line (1st Army) on the south flank had been broken. New Zealand troops captured Faenza, Italy. Soviet troops drove from three sides on the important railway centre of Kosice, seized by Hungary from Czechoslovakia. U.S. troops on Mindoro Island in the Philippines occupied San Jose and the adjacent airfield 5 miles in from the coast.

Diplomacy
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King appointed Lester Pearson as Canada's Ambassador to the United States.

Society
Boston police announced proceedings against a bookseller for selling Erskine Caldwell's latest novel, Tragic Ground, to an agent of the Watch and Ward Society, which previously had noted 20 allegedly obscene pages in the book.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the bill freezing Social Security taxes for 1945 at the current level of 1%.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): ¿Quieres Ser Mi Amante?--Camilo Sesto

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France (SNEP): Besoin de rien, envie de toi--Peter and Sloane (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: When the Rain Begins to Fall--Jermaine Jackson and Pia Zadora (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Mikhail Gorbachev, widely believed to be the next leader of the Soviet Union, spent five hours in "very friendly" talks with British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher at Chequers, Mrs. Thatcher’s country estate.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Hélène--Roch Voisine (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Lambada--Kaoma (12th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Lily Was Here--David A. Stewart and Candy Dulfer (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Let's Party--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): We Didn't Start the Fire--Billy Joel (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins
2 We Didn't Start the Fire--Billy Joel
3 Back to Life--Soul II Soul
4 Don't Know Much--Linda Ronstadt (featuring Aaron Neville)
5 Rhythm Nation--Janet Jackson
6 With Every Beat of My Heart--Taylor Dayne
7 (It's Just) The Way that You Love Me--Paula Abdul
8 Angelia--Richard Marx
9 Don't Close Your Eyes--Kix
10 Just Like Jesse James--Cher

Singles entering the chart were Dangerous by Roxette (#66); Here We Are by Gloria Estefan (#82); Heart by Neneh Cherry (#86); Electric Boogie by Marcia Griffiths (#90); Sometimes She Cries by Warrant (#93); and Personal Jesus by Depeche Mode (#95).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins
2 We Didn't Start the Fire--Billy Joel
3 Blame it on the Rain--Milli Vanilli
4 Angelia--Richard Marx
5 Love Shack--The B-52's
6 When I See You Smile--Bad English
7 Just Between You and Me--Lou Gramm
8 Hey Men--Men Without Hats
9 (It's Just) The Way that You Love Me--Paula Abdul
10 Don't Know Much--Linda Ronstadt (featuring Aaron Neville)

Singles entering the chart were Peace in Our Time by Eddie Money (#75); Angel by Euruthmics (#77); Nothin' to Hide by Paco (#79); Hélène by Roch Voisine (#83); Everything by Jody Watley (#85); Human Cannonball by Webb Wilder (#88); Too Much by Bros. (#90); I Remember You by Skid Row (#92); and We'll Reach for the Sky Tonight by Rita MacNeil (#94).

Died on this date
Aileen Pringle, 94
. U.S. actress. Mrs. Pringle, born Aileen Bisbee, was a star during the era of silent films, appearing in such movies as Stolen Moments (1920); Three Weeks (1924); Dream of Love (1928); and Wall Street (1929).

Lee Van Cleef, 64. U.S. actor. Mr. Van Cleef, who was once quoted as saying that being born with a beady-eyed sneer was the best thing that ever happened to him, played villains in movies such as Kansas City Confidential (1952) and High Noon (1952), and starred in numerous "spaghetti Westerns" in the 1960s and '70s, such as The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966).

Silvana Mangano, 59. Italian actress. Miss Mangano was known for her starring roles in Italian films such as Risa Amaro (Bitter Rice) (1949) and Anna (1951). She was married to producer Dino De Laurentiis.

Robert S. Vance, 58. U.S. judge. Mr. Vance, a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, was killed instantly at his home in Mountain Brook, Alabama, a suburb of Birmingham, when he opened a mail package containing a pipe bomb. Mr. Vance was the third U.S. federal judge in the 20th Century to be assassinated as a result of his judicial service. After an intensive investigation, Walter Moody, who had previously served four years in prison for possession of a bomb that had exploded in his house, was charged with the murders of Mr. Vance and Georgia civil rights attorney Robert E. Robinson, who had been killed in a separate blast. Mr. Moody was also charged with mailing bombs that had been defused at the Eleventh Circuit's headquarters and at the Jacksonville, Florida office of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Prosecutors speculated that Mr. Moody’s motive was revenge against the 11th Circuit Court for refusal to expunge his conviction, although Mr. Vance had not been on the panel that had considered the earlier case. Mr. Moody was sentenced to death for the murder of Judge Vance, and is currently on death row in Alabama.

War
Four off-duty U.S. servicemen in Panama were confronted at a roadblock by civilians and Panamanian troops, and one of the Americans was killed when they attempted to leave.

Protest
The previous day’s protest in Timisoara, Transylvania, Romania over the arrest and deportation of a Protestant minister evolved into a pro-democracy demonstration, and army and Securitate (internal security) troops moved in.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Stay Another Day--East 17

Married on this date
Canadian pop singer Céline Dion married her longtime manager René Angélil in Montreal.

Politics and government
Bloc Québécois and Parti Québécois organizations joined forces to fight in the Quebec independence referendum campaign for 1995.

Transportation
The last direct Via passenger train between Montreal and Halifax arrived in Halifax.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Ted Abernathy, 71
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Abernathy played with eight major league teams from 1955-1972, compiling a record of 63-69 with 148 saves and an earned run average of 3.46 in 681 games. He was known for his sidearm and "submarine" delivery, and led the National League in saves with 31 in 1965 while with the Chicago Cubs, and with 28 in 1967 while with the Cincinnati Reds. Mr. Abernathy died of Alzheimer's disease.

Monday, December 15, 2014

December 15, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rahim Jaffer!

225 years ago
1789


Born on this date
Carlos Soublette
. President of Venezuela, 1837-1839, 1843-1847. General Soublette was a hero of the Venezuelan War of Independence. He died on February 11, 1870 at the age of 80.

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Union forces under Major General George Thomas almost completely destroyed the Army of Tennessee under Lieutenant General John Hood on the first day of the Battle of Nashville.

100 years ago
1914


War
The Serbian Army recaptured Belgrade from the invading Austro-Hungarian Army.

Disasters
A gas explosion at Mitsubishi Hōjō coal mine in Kyushu, Japan killed 687.

75 years ago
1939


At the movies
Gone With the Wind premiered at Loew's Grand Theatre in Atlanta.

War
The 36 dead crew members of the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee, killed in the Battle of the River Plate two days earlier, were buried with full military honours in the German cemetery in Montevideo. Uruguayan authorities, in accordance with international treaties, were allowing the Graf Spee to temporarily remain docked at Montevideo.

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Glenn Miller, 40
. U.S. musician. Mr. Miller, a trombonist, was one of the most popular arrangers and bandleaders of the Swing Era, with the peak of his popularity coming from 1939-1943, with hit singles such as Moonlight Serenade; In the Mood; American Patrol; and Chattanooga Choo Choo. He joined the United States Army in 1942 and led the Army Air Force Band. Major Miller's plane disappeared while flying over the English Channel from Clapham to Paris, where the band was scheduled to play for American soldiers.

War
The U.S. Selective Service announced that manpower needs after February 1, 1945 could not be met by men in the 18-25 age bracket and that a larger proportion of older men would be taken after that time. A U.S. federal grand jury in Newark, New Jersey returned indictments charging Carl Emil Ludwig Krepper with conspiring to aid the eight Nazi saboteurs captured in the United States in 1942. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill backed Soviet demands for the part of Poland east of the Curzon Line, including Vilna and Lwow. U.S. troops in Germany reached the German border along a 17-mile front from the Vosges Mountains to the Rhine River. Soviet troops captured the Czech stronghold of Sahy after a five-day battle. Chinese troops in Burma captured Bhamo after the failure of an attempt by the Japanese garrison to fight its way south along the Irrawaddy River. U.S. forces in the Philippines landed on Mindoro Island without any losses.

Defense
The United States Senate voted the new five-star rank to Army Generals Douglas MacArthur, Dwight Eisenhower, and Hap Arnold, and to Navy Admirals Leahy, King, and Chester Nimitz.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board notified Montgomery Ward to comply with its orders in Chicago, Denver, St. Paul, Minnesota, San Rafael, California, and Jamaica, New York by December 18.

60 years ago
1954


Law
The Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands was signed by Queen Juliana.

50 years ago
1964


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Iron Maiden, with guest stars Stephen McNally, Nan Martin, and Richard Anderson

Music
The album Beatles '65 by the Beatles was released in North America on Capitol Records.

Space
Italy's first satellite, San Marco 1, was launched into Earth orbit from Wallops Island, Virginia. Its mission was to measure air density and investigate characteristics of the ionosphere.

Abominations
The Canadian House of Commons voted 163-78 to adopt a new national flag based on a Royal Military College design suggested by George Stanley. The vote took place at 2 A.M., after closure had been invoked on December 14, and a total of 250 speeches had been made in the House.

40 years ago
1974


Died on this date
Anatole Litvak, 72
. Russian-born film director. Mr. Litvak, native of Kiev when Ukraine was part of the Russian Empire, fled to Berlin in 1925, and then to Paris after the Nazi takeover of Germany, before moving to Hollywood. His movies included Mayerling (1936); Confessions of a Nazi Spy (1939); This Above All (1942); The Battle of Russia (1943); Sorry, Wrong Number (1948); The Snake Pit (1948); Decision Before Dawn (1951); and Anastasia (1956).

Energy
In order to save fuel, the British government of Prime Minister Harold Wilson imposed new speed limits, reducing maximum speeds on dual carriageways to 60 miles per hour and most other roads to 50 mph from a previous limit of 70 mph.

Football
NFL
Buffalo (9-5) 14 @ Los Angeles (10-4) 19
Chicago (4-10) 0 @ Washington (10-4) 42
Cleveland (4-10) 24 @ Houston (7-7) 28
Denver (7-6-1) 0 @ San Diego (5-9) 17
Detroit (7-7) 17 @ Philadelphia (7-7) 28
Green Bay (6-8) 3 @ Atlanta (3-11) 10
New England (7-7) 27 @ Miami (11-3) 34
New Orleans (5-9) 21 @ San Francisco (6-8) 35
New York Giants (2-12) 14 @ St. Louis (10-4) 26
New York Jets (7-7) 45 @ Baltimore (2-12) 38

Defensive end Deacon Jones, playing the last regular season game of his 14-year career, converted the Redskins' last touchdown in their rout of the Bears at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium. It was the only point Mr. Jones ever scored in the NFL. Rookie Joe Barnes finished the game at quarterback for Chicago.

There were 48,830 empty seats at Atlanta Stadium for the Falcons' win over the Bears.

Baseball
Arbitrator Peter Seitz announced that pitcher Catfish Hunter was a free agent because Oakland Athletics' owner Charlie Finley had not made deferred payments in accordance with Mr. Hunter's contract. Mr. Hunter had been with the Athletics since 1965, and had won 25 games in 1974 in helping the team to its third straight World Series championship.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I Just Called To Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): When The Rain Begins To Fall--Jermaine Jackson and Pia Zadora (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): When The Rain Begins To Fall--Jermaine Jackson and Pia Zadora (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Should Have Known Better--Jim Diamond (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Do They Know it's Christmas?--Band Aid

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Out of Touch--Daryl Hall John Oates (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Wild Boys--Duran Duran
2 I Feel for You--Chaka Khan
3 Out of Touch--Daryl Hall John Oates
4 Like a Virgin--Madonna
5 Wake Me Up Before You Go Go--Wham!
6 Cool it Now--New Edition
7 Sea of Love--The Honeydrippers
8 We Belong--Pat Benatar
9 Strut--Sheena Easton
10 Better Be Good to Me--Tina Turner

Singles entering the chart were I Would Die 4 U by Prince and the Revolution (#46); Method of Modern Love by Daryl Hall John Oates (#55); Mistake No. 3 by Culture Club (#59); Make No Mistake, He's Mine by Barbra Streisand (with Kim Carnes) (#68); All Right Now by Rod Stewart (#86); Lonely School by Tommy Shaw (#88); 20/20 by George Benson (#89); and Eye on You by Billy Squier (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Caribbean Queen (No More Love on the Run)--Billy Ocean (2nd week at #1)
2 The Wild Boys--Duran Duran
3 I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder
4 Wake Me Up Before You Go Go--Wham!
5 Out of Touch--Daryl Hall John Oates
6 Sea of Love--The Honeydrippers
7 All Through the Night--Cyndi Lauper
8 Strut--Sheena Easton
9 I Feel for You--Chaka Khan
10 No More Lonely Nights--Paul McCartney

Singles entering the chart were You're the Inspiration by Chicago (#90); All I Need by Jack Wagner (#93); Cool it Now by New Edition (#94); If I Had a Rocket Launcher by Bruce Cockburn (#95); Madam Butterfly by Malcolm McLaren (#96); and Tenderness by General Public (#97).

Died on this date
Jan Peerce, 80
. U.S. singer. Mr. Peerce, born Joshua Pincus Perelmuth, was an operatic tenor whose career on stage and in the recording studio spanned 50 years.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Escaping--Margaret Urlich (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Arnold Moss, 79
. U.S. actor. Mr. Moss was a character actor in films, television, and radio. His movies included My Favorite Spy (1951); Viva Zapata! (1952); and Casanova's Big Night (1954). He made frequent appearances on the television series Suspense (1949-1954).

War
U.S. President George Bush sent American military forces into Panama, and they engaged in a brief but bloody conflict with troops supporting Panamanian dictator General Manuel Noriega. Panama’s National Assembly of Representatives formally named Gen. Noriega head of government and also proclaimed that Panama "is declared to be in a state of war" with the United States.

Protest
In Timisoara, Transylvania, Romania, a crowd formed to protest the arrest and deportation of a Protestant minister who had been advocating the rights of ethnic Hungarians who lived in the region.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that producer prices had fallen 0.1% in November. The Commerce Department reported that the U.S. merchandise trade deficit had jumped to $10.2 billion in October.

Terrorism
300 Colombian commandos and soldiers attacked a ranch near Tolu, where they killed Jose Gonzalo Rodriguez Gacha, the number two man in the Medellin drug cartel. His son and 15 bodyguards were also killed. Mr. Rodriguez Gacha was one of those believed responsible for acts of terrorism and the killing of several prominent Colombians.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Old Pop in an Oak--Rednex (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Palau became a member of the United Nations.

Politics and government
The Irish parliament elected Fine Gael leader John Bruton as the country's new Prime Minister.

The day after the Northern League deserted Italy's ruling coalition, Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi asked parliament for a vote of confidence.

Environment
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared the 1-million hectare Tatshenshini-Alsek wilderness in the northwest corner of British Columbia as a world heritage site, along with adjacent wilderness preserves in Alaska and the Yukon, amounting to the world's largest site, with a total of 8.5 million hectares.

Scandal
British runner Diane Modahl pledged to prove her innocence after being found guilty by a British Athletic Federation panel of taking a banned performance-enhancing drug.

10 years ago
2004


Scandal
British Home Secretary David Blunkett resigned amid accusations that he had used his position to fast-track a visa application for his former lover's nanny.

Business
American telecommunications companies Sprint Corporation and Nextel Communications Incorporated announced that they would merge in a $35-billion deal.

Sunday, December 14, 2014

December 14, 2014

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Wendy Welt!

Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Eileen and Leo Sasakamoose!

200 years ago
1814


War
In the War of 1812, the British Royal Navy seized control of Lake Borgne, Louisiana.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Karl Carstens
. German politician. Mr. Carstens was a lawyer, professor, and diplomat who was a Nazi in the 1940s before joining the Christian Democratic Party in 1955. He held variou positions before serving as President of West Germany from 1979-1984. Mr. Carstens died on May 30, 1992 at the age of 77.

Politics and government
Lisandro de la Torre and others founded the Partido Demócrata Progresista (Democratic Progressive Party) at the Hotel Savoy in Buenos Aires.

75 years ago
1939


Diplomacy
In its last important act, the League of Nations expelled the U.S.S.R. from its ranks because of her invasion of Finland.

War
A British observer surveyed the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee, damaged in the Battle of the River Plate the day before, and now docked in Montevideo. The observer reported that the port midship 6" gun was unserviceable; the starboard anti-aircraft guns appeared out of action; rangefinders were out of action; the aircraft was wrecked; and there were shell holes in the control tower and two holes below the waterline. In total, there was evidence of 30–60 hits. British Minister Millington-Drake officially requested that the Uruguayan government intern the ship if she stayed in port longer than 24 hours, on grounds that she was still seaworthy. The Uruguayan government obliged, announcing that if the Graf Spee did not sail within 72 hours of its arrival, she would be interned.

70 years ago
1944


At the movies
National Velvet, starring Elizabeth Taylor, Mickey Rooney, Donald Crisp, and Anne Revere, opened in theatres in New York City.

War
The U.S. Navy reported that the Coast Guard had, during the past four months, dispersed three German expeditions to establish weather reporting stations on the northeastern coast of Greenland. U.S. forces in Germany reached Scheibenhard and Eberbach, close to the southern Franco-German border. Soviet troops in Hungary made gains a long a 50-mile front. Chinese troops in Burma captured Tonkwa, 129 miles north of Mandalay.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board ordered Montgomery Ward to comply with its wage directives at the company's four stores in the Detroit area.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed a three-man board under the Railway Labor Act to investigate a dispute involving the Seaboard Air Line Railway and 800 firemen threatening to strike.

60 years ago
1954


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Gielgud and Ralph Richardson, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Blue Carbuncle

Died on this date
Ed Sanders, 24
. U.S. boxer. "Big Ed" won the gold medal in the heavyweight division in the 1952 Summer Olympic games in Helsinki, winning the final when future world heavyweight champion Ingemar Johansson of Sweden was disqualified for not being aggressive enough. Mr. Sanders compiled a record of 6-2-1 as a professional, but died of a blood clot on the brain two days after being knocked out in the 11th round of his bout at Boston Garden against Willie James.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ma Vie--Alain Barriere (5th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Mr. Lonely--Bobby Vinton
2 Ringo--Lorne Greene
3 I'm Gonna Be Strong--Gene Pitney
4 Mountain of Love--Johnny Rivers
5 Big Man in Town--The 4 Seasons
6 Come See About Me--The Supremes
7 (There's) Always Something There to Remind Me--Sandie Shaw
8 Everything's Alright--The Newbeats
9 Dance, Dance, Dance--The Beach Boys
10 I Feel Fine--The Beatles

Singles entering the chart were I Feel Fine; Thou Shalt Not Steal by Dick and DeeDee (#30); Dear Heart by Andy Williams (#34); Amen by the Impressions (#35); Hey-Da-Da-Dow by the Dolphins (#37); Ain't Love a Funny Thing by Robbie Lane (#38); and Leader of the Laundromat by the Detergents (#40).

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Triumph, starring Ed Begley and Jeanette Nolan

Died on this date
William Bendix, 58
. U.S. actor. Mr. Bendix was best known for playing Chester A. Riley, the title character of The Life of Riley, a comedy series on radio (1944-1951) and television (1953-1958). His movies included Wake Island (1942); The Glass Key (1942); Lifeboat (1944); and The Blue Dahlia (1946). Mr. Bendix suffered from a stomach ailment that brought on death from malnutrition combined with lobar pneumonia. It's not known if his last words were, "What a revoltin' development this is!"

Law
In Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that Congress could use the Constitution's Commerce Clause to fight discrimination.

Boxing
Joey Giardello (97-24-8) retained his world middleweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Rubin `Hurricane`Carter (20-5) at Convention Hall in Philadelphia.



40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Long Tall Glasses (I Can Dance)--Leo Sayer

#1 single in the U.K.: You're the First, the Last, My Everything--Barry White (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
2 Angie Baby--Helen Reddy
3 Cat's in the Cradle--Harry Chapin
4 I Can Help--Billy Swan
5 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
6 Do It (’Til You’re Satisfied)--B.T. Express
7 Sha-La-La (Make Me Happy)--Al Green
8 Junior's Farm--Paul McCartney & Wings
9 You're the First, the Last, My Everything--Barry White
10 Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were Some Kind of Wonderful by Grand Funk (#77); Lady by Styx (#80); Look in My Eyes Pretty Woman by Tony Orlando and Dawn (#84); Can't Get it Out of My Head by Electric Light Orchestra (#85); A Woman's Story by Cher (#86); To the Door of the Sun (Alle Porte Del Sole) by Al Martino (#88); My Main Man by the Staple Singers (#93); Happy People by the Temptations (#97); Dont Cha Love It by the Miracles (#98); As Long as He Takes Care of Home by Candi Staton (#99); and Fire by the Ohio Players (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 My Melody of Love--Bobby Vinton (3rd week at #1)
2 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
3 I Can Help--Billy Swan
4 So You are a Star--The Hudson Brothers
5 Life is a Rock (But the Radio Rolled Me)--Reunion
6 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
7 You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
8 Longfellow Serenade--Neil Diamond
9 Whatever Gets You Thru the Night--John Lennon with the Plastic Ono Nuclear Band
10 Junior's Farm--Paul McCartney & Wings

Singles entering the chart were Doctor's Orders by Carol Douglas (#82); I Wouldn't Want to Lose Your Love by April Wine (#90); You Beat Me to the Punch by Charity Brown (#92); Free Bird by Lynyrd Skynyrd (#94); Hallelujah Freedom by Keith Hampshire (#95); Let's Live Together by Thundermug (#96); Get Into the Wind by Steppenwolf (#97); Time by Mighty Clouds of Joy (#98); Do It, Do It by the Peppers (#99); and Dance with Me Darlin' (Insanity Samba) by Blue Heaven (#100).

Calgary's top 10
1 Angie Baby--Helen Reddy
2 Cat's in the Cradle--Harry Chapin
3 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
4 Ramona--Stampeders
5 I Can Help--Billy Swan
6 Life is a Rock (But the Radio Rolled Me)--Reunion
7 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
8 Wishing You were Here--Chicago
9 Longfellow Serenade--Neil Diamond
10 So You are a Star--The Hudson Brothers
Pick hit of the week: Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John

Died on this date
Walter Lippmann, 85
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Lippmann was one of the founders of The New Republic magazine in 1913, and won a special Pulitzer Prize in 1958 for his syndicated newspaper column, Today and Tomorrow. His books included Public Opinion (1922); The Phantom Public (1925); and The Public Philosophy (1955).

Football
NFL
Cincinnati (7-7) 3 @ Pittsburgh (10-3-1) 27
Minnesota (10-4) 35 @ Kansas City (5-9) 15
Dallas (8-6) 23 @ Oakland (12-2) 27

The Chiefs' loss to the Vikings at Arrowhead Stadium was the last game for Hank Stram after 15 seasons as Kansas City's head coach, going back to the beginning of the team as the Dallas Texans in 1960.

30 years ago
1984


Died on this date
Vicente Aleixandre, 86
. Spanish poet. Mr. Aleixandre won the 1977 Nobel Prize for Literature "for a creative poetic writing which illuminates man's condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars."

Labour
British mine workers’ union leader Arthur Scargill was fined £250 and ordered to pay £750 in costs after being convicted on two charges of obstruction following a scuffle outside Orgreave Coal Works, near Sheffield, Yorkshire, on May 30. Mr. Scargill was arrested as he led about 80 pickets to the plant on the fifth consecutive day of the strike action by miners in protest over feared pit closures.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Ryyd-joulu--Bat & Ryyd

Edmonton's top 5
1 Blame it on the Rain--Milli Vanilli
2 Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers
3 We Didn't Start the Fire--Billy Joel
4 When I See You Smile--Bad English
5 Back to Life--Soul II Soul

Died on this date
Jock Mahoney, 70. U.S. actor. Mr. Mahoney, born Jacques Joseph O'Mahoney, starred in the television western series The Range Rider (1951-1953) and Yancy Derringer (1958-1959), and played Tarzan in two movies in the 1960s.

Andrei Sakharov, 68. U.S.S.R. physicist and political activist. Dr. Sakharov helped to develop the Soviet hydrogen bomb from 1948-1956, but in the 1960s he became a critic of the arms race and Soviet repression. In 1975 Dr. Sakharov became the first citizen of the Soviet Union to win the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1980 he was exiled to Gorky, and his wife Yelena Bonner followed in 1984, which brought much international criticism upon the U.S.S.R. The couple were freed in 1986 and were both pardoned. Dr. Sakharov was elected to the Duma in 1989 and briefly served. In the days before his death he was among those who were imploring Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev to allow a debate on the leading role played by the Communist Party in the Soviet Union.

Politics and government
Opposition leader Patricio Aylwin received 55% of the vote in Chile’s first presidential election since 1970. A more conservative candidate, Hernan Buchi, got 29%. Mr. Buchi had been a finance minister with the regime of General Augusto Pinochet and that association hurt his campaign. The election result appeared to signal the end of General Pinochet’s domination of the country--he had taken power in a coup in 1973--although he would remain chief of the armed forces.

20 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Orval Faubus, 84
. U.S. politician. Mr. Faubus, a Democrat, was Governor of Arkansas from 1955-1967. He was best known for refusing to obey an order from the United States Supreme Court to desegregate the Little Rock School District in 1957. He ordered the Arkansas National Guard to prevent Negro students from attending Little Rock Central High School. U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower then ordered elements of the U.S. Army's 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock to enforce the court order and protect the Negro students.

War
The Russian Duma voted 289-4 against President Boris Yeltsin's use of force in the separatist republic of Chechnya.

Politics and government
The Northern League, a partner in Italy's governing coalition, deserted Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia party on a key issue.

Energy
Construction began on the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River in China.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the consumer price index had risen 0.3% in November.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Rod Kanehl, 70
. U.S. baseball player. "Hot Rod" was a utility infielder and outfielder with the New York Mets from 1962-1964, batting .241 with 6 home runs and 47 runs batted in in 340 games. He hit the first grand slam in franchise history, on July 6, 1962, against the St. Louis Cardinals at the Polo Grounds in New York.

Franciana
The Millau Viaduct, the tallest bridge in the world, was formally inaugurated near Millau.