200 years ago
In the War of 1812, British forces began their move toward Washington, D.C., as troops landed at Benedict, Maryland and warships began sailing up the Potomac River.
175 years ago
The French government announced that Louis Daguerre's photographic process was a gift "free to the world."
160 years ago
The First Sioux War began in Nebraska Territory (present-day Wyoming) when United States Army soldiers led by Second Lieutenant John Grattan killed Lakota chief Conquering Bear and were massacred in return.
100 years ago
The Ottoman-Bulgarian alliance was signed in Sofia.
80 years ago
Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Bryan Hall!
Politics and government
The German people voted to make Adolf Hitler their Fuehrer, combining the offices of President and Chancellor. The turnout of eligible voters for the plebiscite was about 95%, and 90%--about 38 million--voted their approval of Mr. Hitler’s usurpation of absolute power. Only about 4.25 million Germans voted against it.
The first All-American Soap Box Derby was held in Dayton, Ohio. The winner was Robert Turner of Muncie, Indiana.
Before a record crowd of 46,995 at Fenway Park in Boston, the Red Sox lost a doubleheader to the Detroit Tigers, 8-6 and 4-3. Moose Solters of the Red Sox hit for the cycle in the opener against winning pitcher General Crowder.
75 years ago
Ted Williams hit his first major league grand slam to help the Boston Red Sox to an 8-6 win over the Washington Nationals in the first game of a doubleheader before 7,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. The Nationals won the second game 2-1.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Swinging on a Star--Bing Crosby (3rd week at #1)
Died on this date
Henry Wood, 75. U.K. orchestra conductor. Sir Henry was best known as conductor of the annual series of promenade concerts in London known as the Proms from 1895 until his death. The concerts are now named in his honour.
More than 20,000 members of the French Force of the Interior revolted against the rearguard German garrison in Paris. Allied commander General Dwight Eisenhower moved to the support of the French force. U.S. 3rd Army tanks reached the suburbs of Paris. Allied forces freed the French towns of St. Maximin and La Roquebrusanne on their way to Marseilles. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that War Production Board Chairman Donald Nelson and Major General Patrick Hurley would leave for China soon on special missions. Soviet troops took Kolomiya, the principal German bulwark defending the southern approaches in East Prussia. Japanese forces were driven from Assam in northeastern India after air-supported British tropps and Chindits led a successful offensive against them. Chinese troops in the province of Hupeh along the Yangtze River gained to the north in the direction of Kiangling and south toward Hwajung and Owchikhow.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered 99 more west coast machine plants seized when workers persisted in refusing to work 48 hours per week.
60 years ago
Died on this date
Alcide De Gasperi, 73. Prime Minister of Italy, 1945-1953. Mr. De Gasperi, one of the founders of the Italian People's Party and founder of the Christian Democracy Party, held various cabinet posts before becoming Prime Minister, where his eight years in office set a remarkable standard for postwar Italian politics. Mr. De Gaspari was regarded as one of the founding fathers of the European Union. He died two months after resigning as leader of the Christian Democrats.
50 years ago
The U.S.A. launched the communications satellite Syncom 3.
Saskatchewan (2-2) 16 @ British Columbia (3-0-1) 27
The Roughriders rallied from a 14-3 deficit to take a 16-14 lead with 7 minutes remaining in the game before 35,618 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver, but B.C. quarterback Joe Kapp completed an 80-yard touchdown pass to Willie Fleming to put the Lions ahead to stay. Rookie B.C. fullback Bob Swift scored 2 touchdowns in the 1st half and added a third TD in the last 40 seconds of the game.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Evie--Stevie Wright
Died on this date
Roger Davies. U.S. diplomat. Mr. Davies, the U.S. Ambassador to Cyprus, along with an embassy secretary who had rushed to his aid, was shot and killed in the midst of a demonstration in Nicosia of Greek Cypriots who were expressing their bitterness at being defeated by Turkish forces armed with U.S. weapons.
Politics and government
Greece's Supreme Council of National Defense, dominated by civilian cabinet officers, fired 10 key generals and appointed new generals to top service posts. The move was part of the purge of people who had been involved with the military junta that had ruled Greece from 1967-1974.
U.S. President Gerald Ford, in an address in Chicago to the Veterans of Foreign Wars, said that he favoured "leniency" for the nation's estimated 50,000 draft dodgers as a move to "bind up the nation's wounds." Mr. Ford's statement marked a reversal of the policy of his predecessor, Richard Nixon. Mr. Ford opposed "unconditional blanket amnesty," but he ordered a study to find a way in which young men who had refused to fight in the Vietnam War could "work their way back" to full citizenship, and disclosed that he had directed Attorney General William Saxbe and Defense Secretary James Schlesinger to report to him by September 1 on the status of men charged with draft evasion or desertion. In response to Mr. Ford's statement, Ray Soden, National Commander of the 1.8-million member VFW, said that his organization would remain opposed to any kind of amnesty.
Ottawa (2-3) 6 @ Edmonton (3-1) 23
Tom Wilkinson set a league record for passing percentage in a single game (.905), completing 19 of 21 passes, including touchdowns to Don Warrington and Calvin Harrell, and Roy Bell rushed for 186 yards as the Eskimos defeated the defending Grey Cup champion Rough Riders before 21,966 fans, including this blogger, at Clarke Staium. Garry Lefebvre led the Eskimos with 7 receptions for 55 yards. It was the fourth and last CFL game for Edmonton cornerback Jodie Carter, who was beaten by Ottawa receivers for several big plays.
30 years ago
#1 single in France: Toute première fois--Jeanne Mas
#1 single in Switzerland: Self Control--Laura Branigan (8th week at #1)
A Ugandan government spokesman acknowledged that 15,000 people had been killed in political and tribal violence in that country since President Milton Obote had come to power in 1980.
British Columbia (6-1) 19 @ Hamilton (1-5-1) 11
Saskatchewan (1-5-1) 11 @ Calgary (3-4) 32
Calgary receiver Mike Levenseller set a team single-game record and a CFL best for the season with 14 receptions in the Stampeders' win over the Roughriders at McMahon Stadium. On the last play of the game he made his 14th reception, but fumbled, and Roughrider defensive back Steve Johnson returned it 99 yards for Saskatchewan’s only touchdown of the game. After the game, Mr. Levenseller was unsuccessful in attempting to persuade Mr. Johnson to let him have the ball.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): You Got It (The Right Stuff)--New Kids on the Block (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Lambada--Kaoma (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Viva la Mamma--Edoardo Bennato (6th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): We Are Growing (Shaka Zulu)--Margaret Singana (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx (2nd week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx
2 On Our Own--Bobby Brown
3 Cold Hearted--Paula Abdul
4 I Like It--Dino
5 Once Bitten Twice Shy--Great White
6 Don't Wanna Lose You--Gloria Estefan
7 Hangin' Tough--New Kids on the Block
8 The End of the Innocence--Don Henley
10 Secret Rendezvous--Karyn White
Singles entering the chart were Cherish by Madonna (#55); When I Looked at Him by Expose (#70); What I Like About You by Michael Morales (#80); When the Radio is On by Paul Shaffer (#82); Let Go by Sharon Bryant (#85); It's No Crime by Babyface (#88); and Let the Day Begin by the Call (#90).
Radio Caroline, the offshore pirate station in the North Sea, was raided by the British and Dutch governments.
Several hundred East Germans crossed the frontier between Hungary and Austria during the Pan-European Picnic, part of the events that began the process of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Colombian President Virgilio Barco reinstated a decree that permitted drug lords to be extradited to the United States for trial. Colombian police and army units confiscated more than $125 million in property, including hundreds of planes and houses, as well as helicopters and yachts, from the traffickers. The action came the day after hitmen assassinated anti-drug presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galan.
Politics and government
Polish President Wojciech Jaruzelski chose Tadeusz Mazowiecki, one of three people suggested by Solidarity trade union leader Lech Walesa, to be the new Prime Minister of Poland, the first non-Communist Prime Minister in 42 years.
20 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (16th week at #1)
Died on this date
Linus Pauling, 93. U.S. chemist. Dr. Pauling was awarded the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances" and the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize "for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing". He lost a libel suit against National Review when the magazine, in 1962, accused him of being a "fellow traveller" in sympathy with Soviet Communism. Dr. Pauling received his reward, however, when he was one of seven winners of the 1968-1969 International Lenin Peace Prize from the U.S.S.R. In his later years, Dr. Pauling was a prominent advocate of the use of large amounts of vitamin C for health and longevity.
U.S. President Bill Clinton announced that he was ending the 28-year U.S. policy of allowing Cuban refugees to take up U.S. residence if they could reach the country. He said that refugees would now be picked up at sea and put in holding camps at the U.S. military base at Gunatanamo Bay, Cuba or in the United States.
Saskatchewan (3-4) 15 @ Calgary (6-1) 54
The Stampeders, behind quarterback Doug Flutie, took a 41-0 lead in the 3rd quarter as they routed the Roughriders before 29,044 fans at McMahon Stadium. Calgary defensive back Marvin Coleman returned a kickoff 77 yards for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter.
10 years ago
The Internet search engine Google held an initial public offering, but the demand for shares was lower than expected. The price of shares was $85, lower than the $108-$135 range originally targeted.
Hamilton (4-5) 31 @ Ottawa (4-5) 19
Extra, Extra: Mayor Ford on Streetcars and Raccoons, and TIFF Celebrities - [image: Photo by Peter Brockie, from the Torontoist Flickr pool.] Every weekday’s end, we collect just about everything you ought to care about or ought no...
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