Tuesday, September 16, 2014

September 17, 2014

275 years ago
1739


Born on this date
John Rutledge
. U.S. politician. Mr. Rutledge was President of South Carolina from 1776-1778 and Governor of South Carolina from 1779-1782. He was an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1789-1791, resigning to become Chief Justice of the South Carolina Court of Common Pleas and Sessions. Mr. Rutledge was appointed by President George Washington to fill the vacancy created whtn Chief Justice John Jay resigned to take office as Governor of New York. Mr. Rutledge took the position as a recess appointment, since the U.S. Senate wasn't in session at the time. He spoke out against the Jay Treaty with Great Britain, which helped to influence the Senate to vote 14-10 in December 1795 against Mr. Rutledge's appointment. Mr. Rutledge resigned from the Supreme Court on December 28, 1795 after just six months as Chief Justice; he died on July 23, 1800 at the age of 60.

120 years ago
1894


War
Japanese forces defeated Chinese forces in the Battle of the Yalu River.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Thomas J. Bata
. Czech-born Canadian businessman. Mr. Bata, who moved to Canada in 1939, ran the Bata Shoe company from 1940 until the 1980s. He died on September 1, 2008, 16 days before his 96th birthday.

Politics and government
The Labour Party, under Prime Minister Andrew Fisher, took office as the government of Australia. Mr. Fisher had previously served as Prime Minister from 1908-1909 and 1910-1913.

90 years ago
1924


Defense
The Border Defence Corps was established in the Second Polish Republic for the defence of the eastern border against armed Soviet raids and local bandits.

80 years ago
1934

Baseball

18-year-old rookie Reese Diggs recorded his only major league victory as he allowed 8 hits, including home runs by Earl Averill and opposing pitcher Bob Weiland, in pitching the Washington Nationals to a 13-6 win over the Cleveland Indians at League Park in Cleveland. Pete Sosko had 5 of Washington’s 21 hits.

75 years ago
1939


War
The Soviet Union joined Germany's invasion of Poland during the Polish Defensive War of 1939.

70 years ago
1944


War
Allied Airborne troops parachuted into the Netherlands to begin the "Market" half of Operation Market Garden. All Allied objectives on the perimeter of Morotai Island were taken as Japanese forces were pursued into the surrounding hills. The 14th U.S. Army Air Force destroyed its bases at Kweilin in the Chinese province of Kwangsi because of the Japanese threat to the city.

World events
The government of Egypt announced that the Jabal al-Druze cabinet had voted to relinquish autonomy and merge with Syria to restore the Arab empire of the pre-1918 era.

Diplomacy
U.S. Ambassador to Brazil Jefferson Caffrey left Brazil for Washington for consultations with the U.S. State Department.

Labour
The U.S. Congress of Industrial Organizations-United Auto Workers convention re-elected President R.J. Thomas; Vice-Presidents Richard Frankensteen and Walther Reuther; and Secretary-Treasurer George Addis.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Three Coins in the Fountain--Frank Sinatra

Boxing
Rocky Marciano (47-0), despite suffering a severe cut on his nose, retainedhis world heavyweight title with a knockout of former champion Ezzard Charles (83-12-1) at 2:36 of the 8th round at Yankee Stadium in New York. Mr. Marciano had won a 15-round decision over Mr. Charles exactly three months earlier.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): You Really Got Me--The Kinks (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Nabucco--Waldo de los Ríos (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Bangladesh, Grenada, and Guinea-Bissau joined the United Nations.

Baseball
International League
Governor's Cup
Rochester @ Syracuse (postponed, rain) (Syracuse led best-of-seven series 2-0)

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Careless Whisper--George Michael

Died on this date
Richard Basehart, 70
. U.S. actor. Mr. Basehart was best known as the star of the television series Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea (1964-1968). He died a month after serving as the announcer for the closing ceremonies of the Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles.

Abominations
The new Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney was sworn into office in Ottawa. Mr. Mulroney, the country’s 18th Prime Minister, appointed a 40-member cabinet, the largest in Canadian history.

Politics and government
U.S. Democratic presidential candidate Walter Mondale said that he would make war and peace a major issue, and accused President Ronald Reagan of making the world more dangerous.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the nation’s balance of payments showed a record deficit of $24.4 billion in the second quarter of 1984.

Baseball
17 years to the day after hitting his first major league home run, Reggie Jackson hit his 500th career major league home run. The blow, off Bud Black, was the only run for the California Angels as they lost 10-1 to the Kansas City Royals before 28,862 fans at Anaheim Stadium, falling behind the Royals in the battle for first place in the American League West Division. Former Edmonton Trapper Stew Cliburn made his major league debut, entering the game as a relief pitcher for the Angels in the 8th inning.

Harold Baines hit 3 home runs to lead the Chicago White Sox to a 7-3 win over the Minnesota Twins before 17,052 fana at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis, dropping the Twins into second place in the AL West Division.

Dwight Gooden of the New York Mets struck out 16 batters for the second consecutive game, but lost 2-1 to the Philadelphia Phillies before 20,483 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia when he balked home the winning run in the 8th inning.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Lambada--Kaoma (4th week at #1)

Disasters
Hurricane Hugo struck Montserrat, destroying 80% of the island's property and leaving 99% of the 12,000 residents homeless.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (1-10) 34 @ Hamilton (7-4) 52
Edmonton (9-2) 35 @ Saskatchewan (6-5) 48

Mike Kerrigan completed 24 of 45 passes for 398 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Tiger-Cats to victory before 14,327 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Wally Zatylny scored another Hamilton touchdown on a 54-yard punt return. Damon Allen started at quarterback for the Rough Riders and completed 17 of 37 passes for 247 yards, with 2 touchdowns and 2 interceptions. He was relieved by Tony Kimbrough, who was 6 for 8 for 146 yards and 3 touchdowns. The Hamilton defense held Ottawa to 0 yards rushing.

At Taylor Field in Regina, the Roughriders led 27-11 at halftime, but the Eskimos roared back with 3 straight touchdowns in the third quarter and a field goal in the early seconds of the fourth to take a 35-27 lead. However, quarterback Kent Austin led Saskatchewan to 21 consecutive points to finish the game, ending Edmonton’s winning streak at 7 games. Mr. Austin completed 19 of 32 passes for 281 yards and 3 touchdowns, and rushed 10 times for 47 yards and a touchdown. Eskimo quarterback Tracy Ham completed 25 of 41 passes for 384 yards and 4 touchdowns, but was also sacked 8 times. Craig Ellis led Edmonton receivers with 10 catches for 222 yards and a touchdown, while Keith Wright caught 3 for 76 yards and 2 touchdowns. 24,776 fans enjoyed the afternoon’s entertainment.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Confide in Me--Kylie Minogue

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Make Love to You--Boyz II Men (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'll Make Love to You--Boyz II Men (3rd week at #1)
2 When Can I See You--Babyface
3 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories
4 Wild Night--John Mellencamp with Me’shell Ndegeocello
5 All I Wanna Do--Sheryl Crow
6 Can You Feel the Love Tonight--Elton John
7 Any Time, Any Place/And On and On--Janet Jackson
8 Shine--Collective Soul
9 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base
10 Back and Forth--Aaliyah

Singles entering the chart were But It's Alright by Huey Lewis and the News (#69) and Short Dick Man by 20 Fingers featuring Gillette (#78).

20 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Karl Popper, 92
. Austrian-born U.K. psychologist and philosopher. Dr. Popper was a cognitive psychologist who emigrated to New Zealand in 1937 and to the United Kingdom in 1946. He became one of the 20th century's foremost philosophers of science, and was known for advocating empirical falsification in testing the scientific method.

Vitas Gerulaitis, 40. U.S. tennis player. Mr. Gerulaitis won 25 singles titles--most notably the Australian Open in December 1977--in a 15-year professional career (1971-1986). He died of accidental carbon monoxide poisoning.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Bill Clinton sent former President Jimmy Carter, U.S. Senator Sam Nunn (Democrat--Georgia), and retired U.S. Army General and former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Colin Powell to Haiti in a final effort to negotiate the transfer of power in that country from a military junta to Jean-Bertrand Aristide, whose presidency had been interrupted by the coup in 1991. The U.S. delegation met with junta leader Lieutenant General Raoul Cedras; Brigadier General and military chief of staff Philippe Biamby; and President Emile Jonassaint. Their discussions were inconclusive until the Haitians learned that U.S. airborne forces were actually en route to Haiti.

Popular culture
Heather Whitestone of Alabama was named Miss America for 1995, becoming the first deaf woman to win the title.

Boxing
Julio César Chávez (91-1-1), who had sustained his first loss earlier in the year, retained his WBC light welterweight title with a technical knockout over Meldrick Taylor (32-4-1) at 1:41 of the 8th round at the at the MGM Grand Hotel's Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (7-4) 38 @ Hamilton (3-8) 21
Edmonton (8-3) 25 @ British Columbia (8-2-1) 18
Shreveport (0-11) 3 @ Sacramento (5-5-1) 56

Keithen McCant threw 2 touchdown passes to Gerald Wilcox and another to Alfred Jackson, and Chris Johnstone rushed for a TD, as the Blue Bombers defeated the Tiger-Cats before 11,248 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Hamilton quarterback Timm Rosenbach completed touchdown passes to Ken Evraire and Earl Winfield.

Damon Allen completed 2 touchdown passes to Eddie Brown and another to Michael Soles as the Eskimos beat the Lions before 34,929 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. The Lions scored both their touchdowns in the 2nd quarter on a 61-yard pass from Kent Austin to Darren Flutie and a 109-yard return by Spencer McLennan of a missed field goal attempt by Edmonton's Sean Fleming on the last play of the 1st half. B.C. receiver Merv Fernandez was ineffective in returning punts in what turned out to be the last game of 6-year CFL (and 12-year professional) career.

David Archer completed 2 touchdown passes to James Pruitt and another to Myron Wise, and rushed for a touchdown of his own as the Gold Miners routed the Pirates before 13,747 fans at Hornet Field. Troy Mills rushed for 2 Sacramento touchdowns and Charles Miles rushed for another.

10 years ago
2004


Terrorism
Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev claimed responsibility for the recent school siege in Beslan and other terrorist attacks in Russia that had claimed more than 430 lives.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (5-8) 26 @ Calgary (2-10) 24

Baseball
Barry Bonds hit his 42nd home run of the season to help the San Francisco Giants defeat the San Diego Padres 4-1 before 42,526 fans at SBC Park in San Francisco, becoming the third man to hit 700 career major league home runs, joining Hank Aaron (755) and Babe Ruth (714).

The Montreal Expos scored 4 runs in the 8th inning and 5 in the 9th to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 12-8 before 35,498 fans at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia. 3 of the Montreal runs in the 9th inning were unearned.

September 16, 2014

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Allen Funt
. U.S. radio and television producer. Mr. Funt created the radio program Candid Microphone in 1946, which became better known when it made the move to television as Candid Camera. The program ran on television from the late 1940s into the 1980s. Mr. Funt died on September 5, 1999, 11 days before his 85th birthday.

Defense
Canadian Minister of Militia and Defence Sam Hughes formed the Canadian Aviation Corps, the first Canadian military air service, and forerunner of the Royal Canadian Air Force.

span style="font-weight:bold;">80 years ago
1934

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals swept a doubleheader from the New York Giants in front of 62,573 fans, the largest crowd in the history of the Polo Grounds in New York. Dizzy Dean, with relief help from Tex Carleton, won the opener 5-3. Paul Dean went the distance in outduelling Carl Hubbell 3-1 in 11 innings to win the second game. The sweep left the Cardinals 3½ games behind the National League-leading Giants.

In the Pacific Coast League, the Los Angeles Angels swept a doubleheader from the Oakland Oaks, 10-1 and 9-0. Jigger Statz of the Angels stole 6 bases in the first game.

75 years ago
1939


War
The first escorted Royal Canadian Navy convoy left Halifax for England, in formation to protect against German U-Boat attacks.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Swinging on a Star--Bing Crosby (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Gustav Bauer, 74
. Chancellor of Germany, 1919-1920. Mr. Bauer, leader of the Social Democratic Party, succeeded Philipp Scheidemann as Chancellor and held the office for 219 days until his government was foreced to resign. He was succeeded as Chancellor by Hermann Müller.

War
The second Quebec Conference ended with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill secretly agreeing to the "Morgenthau Plan" for converting Germany into an agricultural nation, and approving Supreme Allied Commander General Dwight Eisenhower's plan to attack Germany in the north with a subsidiary attack in the south. Mr. Churchill also agreed to supply more troops for the capture of the Burmese capital of Rangoon and asked for air and naval tasks in the U.S, plan for defeating Japan. The Allied breach in the Siegfried Line southeast of Aachen, Germany was widened by 14 miles. Allied forces began an invasion of the Albanian and Yugoslavian Adriatic Islands. U.S. forces landed on Angaur, the southernmost of the Palau Islands, and quickly gained control of one-third of it.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Recovery and Relief Administration, at the opening session of its second meeting, elected Canadian diplomat Lester Pearson as its chairman.

Politics and government
The Arkansas Democratic convention amended party rules to permit Negroes to vote in primaries "if they meet party loyalty requirements."

Horse racing
Jockey Ted Atkinson rode five straight winning horses at Aqueduct Race Track in New York.

50 years ago
1964


Diplomacy
The Columbia River Treaty between Canada and the United States was implemented after instruments of ratification were exchanged.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Evie--Stevie Wright (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Forrest "Phog" Allen, 88
. U.S. basketball coach. Dr. Allen, an osteopath, was a college basketball coach for 49 years, retiring in 1956 with a record of 771 wins and 233 losses. He coached at the University of Kansas for 39 years, leading the Jayhawks to 28 conference championships. Dr. Allen led the fight to get basketball admitted to the Olympic games, and coached the United States men's team to the gold medal in 1952.

Law
U.S. President Gerald Ford announced a conditional amnesty for Vietnam War draft evaders and deserters.

U.S. District Court Judge Fred Nichol dismissed all charges against American Indian Movement activists Dennis Banks and Russell Means, leaders of the 1973 Indian takeover of the reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota. The defendants faced three counts of assault on government officials; one of conspiracy; and one of larceny. In his dismissal, Judge Nichol berated the prosecution, the U.S. Justice Department, and particularly the Federal Bureau of Investigation for its handling of the case. He said that the FBI, which earlier in the trial had been shown to lie and suborn perjury, "has certainly deteriorated."

Protest
A Moscow municipal court imposed 15-day prison terms and fines for petty hooligaism on five of the organizers of an outdoor exhibition of nonconformist Soviet art that had been set up in a vacant lot and broken up by authorities the previous day. Oskar Rabin, one of the convicted artists, said that the group would attempt to hold the same show in the same place on September 29.

Defense
U.S. President Gerald Ford nominated his chief of staff, General Alexander Haig, as Supreme Allied Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, effective December 15, 1974. Gen Haig would also serve as commander of U.S. forces in Europe effective November 1.

At his first news conference, President Ford supported clandestine use of the Central Intelligence Agency "to help implement foreign policy and protect national security.' Addressing reports published in The New York Times that the CIA had been active in Chile from 1970-1973 in efforts to interfere with the regime of Marxist President Salvador Allende, Mr. Ford acknowledged that CIA efforts had been conducted in Chile because "there was an effort being made by the Allende government to destroy opposition news media, both the writing press as well as the electronic press, and to destroy opposition political parties."

Scandal
During the same news conference in which he discussed other issues, U.S. President Gerald Ford said that he had made "no deal" with his predecessor as President, Richard Nixon, before Mr. Nixon's resignation in the matter of granting him a pardon, but did concede that the "antagonism" to his decision had stunned him, but not swayed his belief that his decision had been correct. Mr. Ford had granted Mr. Nixon a pardon on September 8 for all federal crimes that he "committed or may have committed or taken part in" while serving as President.

Football
NFL
Oakland (0-1) 20 @ Buffalo (1-0) 21

Trailing 13-7, the Bills scored a touchdown on an 8-yard pass from Joe Ferguson to Ahmad Rashad with 1:56 remaining in regulation time, and John Leypoldt's extra point gave them a 14-13 lead. The Oakland offense failed to move the ball and the Raiders were forced to punt, but when the Bills took possession of the ball at their own 31-yard line, fullback Jim Braxton fumbled, and Oakland defensive tackle Art Thomas returned the ball 29 yards for a touchdown, giving the Raider a 20-14 lead with 1:14 remaining after George Blanda's convert. The Bills, aided by two major penalties to the Raiders, drove 72 yards, and Mr. Ferguson connected with Mr. Rashad for a 12-yard touchdown with 31 seconds remaining, and Mr. Leypoldt converted to make the score 21-20. Oakland quarterback Ken Stabler drove the Raiders to the Buffalo 33 in 3 plays, but Mr. Blanda was wide on a 50-yard field goal attempt on the last play of the game. The game marked the first appearance for Alex Karras as the third man in the broadcast booth on ABC's Monday Night Football. He was replacing Fred Williamson, who had been "released" two days earlier after "unsatisfactory" results in telecasts of three pre-season games as the replacement for Don Meredith, who had jumped to NBC. Mr. Karras initially joined the MNF crew for just this game, but ended up staying for three seasons until "Dandy Don" returned in 1977.

Baseball
Bobby Bonds, and Gary Thomasson hit home runs and Jim Barr pitched a 7-hit complete game as the San Francisco Giants defeated the Atlanta Braves 4-2 on a Monday afternoon before just 748 fans, a record low attendance for Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Dusty Baker homered for the Braves. The game was over in 1 hour and 38 minutes.

The Montreal Expos and New York Mets split a doubleheader before 9,166 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal. The Expos won the first game 3-2 as Mike Torrez, with relief help from John Montague, won the pitchers' duel over Jerry Koosman. The Mets won the second game 3-2, scoring all their runs in the 5th inning off Montreal starting and losing pitcher Don Carrithers. Randy Sterling pitched 5 2/3 innings to get the win in his major league debut, allowing 2 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 2 earned runs while striking out 2. When the Expos rallied for 2 runs against Mr. Sterling in the 6th inning, Tug McGraw entered the game and pitched 3 1/3 innings to earn his third save of the season. The game also marked the major league debuts for Montreal center fielder Jerry White and catcher Gary Carter.

International League
Governor's Cup
Syracuse 10 @ Rochester 6 (Syracuse led best-of-seven series 2-0)

The Chiefs trailed 6-1 after 3 innings but scored 3 runs in the 8th inning ad 4 in the 9th to defeat the Red Wings before 2,844 fans. A base on balls to Joe Pactwa with the bases loaded and a 2-run single by Kerry Dineen produced the 8th-inning runs, and a 3-run home run by Jim Deidel was the big blow in the 9th. Royle Stillman drove in 3 runs for Rochester on a 2-run triple in the 1st and a run-scoring double in the 2nd, and also hit a single. Mr. Stillman's double came after Tom Shopay had hit a 2-run homer for the Red Wings. Dick Woodson started on the mound for the Chiefs but was removed in the 2nd inning; Roger Hambright, the fourth Syracuse pitcher of the game, was credited with the win. Bill Kirkpatrick was the starting pitcher for the Red Wings; Mickey Scott, the last of three relief pitchers to take the mound in the 7th inning, took the loss.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Femme libérée--Cookie Dingler (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Such a Shame--Talk Talk (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Louis Réard, 87
. French engineer and fashion designer. Mr. Réard was an automobile engineer before he designed the bikini in 1946.

Religion
Pope John Paul II continued his Canadian tour with visits to Winnipeg and Edmonton.

Economics and finance
The Israeli government devalued the shekel by 9% and announced plans to make big cuts in the national budget.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (3-7-1) 21 @ Toronto (7-4) 18

Quarterback Joe Paopao crafted a 75-yard drive in the last 22 seconds of the game, culminating in a 14-yard touchdown pass to Craig Ellis on the last play to give the Roughriders the win before 30,025 fans at Exhibition Stadium. They took the ball on their own 35-yard line after Hank Ilesic kicked a 30-yard field goal to give the Argonauts an 18-14 lead. Mr. Paopao completed 26 of 41 passes for 396 yards, while Joe Barnes of Toronto was 30 for 43 for 470 yards. Jan Carinci caught 11 passes for 125 yards for the Argonauts, while Terry Greer caught 6 for 133 and a touchdown.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Lambada--Kaoma (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Viva la Mamma--Edoardo Bennato (10th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): French Kiss--Lil Louis

#1 single in the U.K.: Ride on Time--Black Box (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Don't Wanna Lose You--Gloria Estefan

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't Wanna Lose You--Gloria Estefan
2 Hangin' Tough--New Kids on the Block
3 Heaven--Warrant
4 Cold Hearted--Paula Abdul
5 Shower Me with Your Love--Surface
6 If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher
7 Girl I'm Gonna Miss You--Milli Vanilli
8 Keep on Movin'--Soul II Soul
9 The End of the Innocence--Don Henley
10 18 and Life--Skid Row

Singles entering the chart were Congratulations by Vesta (#70); My Heart Skips a Beat by Cover Girls (#90); Sunshine by Dino (#84); Cover Girl by New Kids on the Block (#90); I Don't Want a Lover by Texas (#92); and This One by Paul McCartney (#94).

Died on this date
Steven Stayner, 24
. U.S. kidnap victim. Mr. Stayner was kidnapped at the age of 7 from Merced, California by sodomite child molester Kenneth Parnell, who held him captive for more than seven years until his escape at the age of 14 in 1980. Mr. Stayner was killed in a motorcycle accident.

Disasters
Hurricane Hugo struck Guadeloupe.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (7-4) 24 @ British Columbia (4-7) 20 (OT)

Sean Salisbury’s 49-yard touchdown pass to James Murphy with 24 seconds remaining in the second overtime period gave the Blue Bombers the win. Winnipeg was leading 11-7 when B.C. quarterback Matt Dunigan completed a 31-yard touchdown pass to Eric Streater with 3:03 remaining in regulation time. Lui Passaglia’s convert tied the score, and Mr. Passaglia gave the Lions a 17-14 lead on a 48-yard field goal with 1:08 remaining. The Blue Bombers quickly moved downfield, and Trevor Kennerd sent the game into overtime with a 34-yard field goal with 5 seconds left in the fourth quarter. In the first overtime period, Mr. Passaglia kicked a 22-yard field goal at 2:29 to give B.C. a 20-17 lead. Tony Cherry rushed 19 times for 113 yards for the Lions, while Anthony Parker added 44 yards on 6 carries. Ricky Blake led the Blue bombers with 92 yards on 20 carries. 49,093 were at the game at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.

CIAU
British Columbia (2-1) 11 @ Manitoba (0-4) 9
Saskatchewan (2-1) 8 @ Alberta (1-2) 7

At Varsity Stadium in Edmonton, Alberta kickers Steve Kasowski and John Cutler combined to miss 6 of 7 field goal attempts, including 2 in the last minute. The visiting Huskies scored the game’s only touchdown late in the third quarter on a pass from David Earl that bounced off the shoulder of receiver Jordan Gaertner, and into his hands. He continued downfield for an 81-yard score. It was the most heartbreaking loss this blogger has ever seen in person.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Guaglione--Perez Prado (2nd week at #1)

Environment
A U.S. federal court jury in Anchorage ordered Exxon Corporation to pay $5 billion in punitive damages to 34,000 Alaskan fishermen and natives whose livelihoods had been adversely impacted by the oil spill from the tanker Exxon Valdez in 1989. The jury ordered Joseph Hazlewood, captain of the ship, to pay $5,000 in punitive damages. The fine against Exxon was the second-largest assessment for punitive damages ever directed against one corporation in the U.S., and the largest ever in a case of pollution. Both Exxon and Mr. Hazlewood planned to appeal the verdict.

Football
CFL
Las Vegas (4-7) 25 @ Calgary (9-2) 35

Doug Flutie threw 2 touchdown passes to Allen Pitts and another to Tony Stewart, and Mr. Stewart rushed for another TD, as the Stampeders defeated the Posse before 24,852 fans at McMahon Stadium. Las Vegas quarterback Anthony Calvillo completed a 68-yard touchdown pass to Michael Stephens in the 1st quarter and rushed 9 yards for a TD in the 2nd quarter. Calgary led 25-17 at halftime.

10 years ago
2004


Disasters
Hurricane Ivan made landfall in Alabama, Louisiana, and the Florida panhandle, with 130 mile-per-hour winds and a major storm surge. Ivan was blamed for at least 115 deaths, 43 in the United States.

Monday, September 15, 2014

September 15, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Don Percy!

225 years ago
1789


Born on this date
James Fenimore Cooper
. U.S. author. Mr. Cooper was best known for his novels The Last of the Mohicans (1826); The Pathfinder (1840); and The Deerslayer (1841). He died on September 14, 1851, the day before his 62nd birthday.

Politics and government
The U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs changed its name to the Department of State.

140 years ago
1874


Diplomacy
At Qu'Appelle Saskatchewan, Cree, Saulteaux, Assiniboine and other Indian tribes signed Treaty #4 with representatives of Queen Victoria. The Indians received 120,054 square kilometres and a payment of $12 per Indian, as well as schools, farm instruction, and acreages.

130 years ago
1884


War
Frederick Charles Denison sailed from Quebec City for Egypt with 386 Canadian Voyageurs to help Lord Kitchener ascend the Nile, mount a resistance to Sudan revolutionary leader Mahdi, and rescue British General Charles Gordon, besieged in Khartoum. The boatmen, many of them recruited from the ranks of the Hudson's Bay Company, were organized by Garnet Wolseley, who had commanded the Red River Expedition in 1870. They were Canada's first official participants in an overseas war; 16 died.

Baseball
Zero fans showed up at Wilmington Grounds to watch the Wilmington Quicksteps play their Union Association game against the Kansas City Unions. Quicksteps’ manager Joe Simmons elected to forfeit the game rather than play, and the Quicksteps disbanded. Their record of 2-16 produced the worst winning percentage (.111) of any major league team.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Robert Benchley
. U.S. humourist. Mr. Benchley was known for his articles in Vanity Fair and The New Yorker, and his starring roles in short films in the 1930s and 1940s. His best known movies were How to Sleep (1935) and A Night at the Movies (1937). Mr. Benchley drank himself to death at the age of 56 on November 21, 1945.

Baseball
In the Western Association, Sioux City swept a double doubleheader from visiting St. Joseph, winning 6-1 and 12-7 in 5-inning games in the morning, and 12-5 in 5 innings and 5-4 in 7 innings in the afternoon. The scheduling allowed St. Joseph to catch their train to Milwaukee.

120 years ago
1894


War
Japan defeated China in the Battle of Pyongyang in the first Sino-Japanese War.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Creighton Abrams
. U.S. military officer. General Abrams commanded U.S. military operations in the Vietnam War from 1968-1972 and served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1972-1974. He died on September 4, 1974, 11 days before his 60th birthday.

75 years ago
1939


Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Miniser Mackenzie King created the Foreign Exchange Control Board. The board administered a 10% War Exchange Tax on non-British Empire imports.

Football
WIFU
Calgary (1-3) 18 @ Winnipeg (4-0) 19
Edmonton (1-3) 5 @ Regina (2-2) 18

Greg Kabat's 25-yard field goal in the last minute of the game gave the Blue Bombers their win over the Bronks before a capacity crowd of 5,000 at Osborne Stadium.

Howard Cleveland scored a touchdown and convert, and Morris Williams returned a fumble 50 yards for a touchdown on the last play of the game, as the Roughriders beat the Eskimos at Park de Young. Bill Matheny scored a touchdown for the Eskimos.

Baseball
The New York Yankees defeated the Detroit Tigers 10-3 before 10,538 fans at Yankee Stadium to clinch the American League pennant for the fourth straight season. Winning pitcher Steve Sundra improved his record for the season to 10-0, pitching a complete game and batting 2 for 4 with a single, double, base on balls, and 3 runs batted in.

70 years ago
1944


War
U.S. troops in Germany breached the Siegfried Line at its strongest point east of Aachen and moved eastward toward Cologne. Soviet artillery hit Warsaw steadily, while U.S.S.R. infantrymen drove German troops back toward the Vistula River on a 14-mile front north of captured Praga. British commando troops began landing on the Greek island of Cythera. U.S. troops commanded by General Douglas MacArthur invaded Morotai Island, northernmost of the Halmahera group.

World events
French Justice Commissioner Francois de Menthon ordered the arrest of Marshal Henri-Phillippe Petain and all members of Vichy France's cabinet.

Labour
The U.S. United Mine Workers convention adopted a resolution condemning U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt for regimenting the U.S. labour movement.

Disasters
An earthquake destroyed the Ecuadorean village of Pastocalle and shook five nearby towns.

50 years ago
1964


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Man in a Chariot, with guest stars Kathleen McGuire, Robert Drivas, and Ed Begley

This was the first episode of the season.

Journalism
The London newspaper The Sun began publication, replacing the Daily Herald.

Football
CFL
Calgary (6-3) 20 @ Hamilton (3-3) 18

Calgary fullback Lovell Coleman set a Western Football Conference record for a single game with 238 yards rushing as the Stampeders edged the Tiger-Cats before 25,000 fans at Civic Stadium. Mr. Coleman rushed 85 yards for a touchdown and had another run of 50 yards to set up a 2-yard touchdown rush by quarterback Eagle Day.

40 years ago
1974


Died on this date
Ralph "Pest" Welch, 67
. U.S. football coach. Mr. Welch was an assistant coach under Jimmy Phelan with the University of Washington from 1930-1937 and 1939-1941, and head coach of the Huskies from 1942-1947, compiling a record of 27-20-3. The 1943 Huskies went to the Rose Bowl, where they lost 29-0 to the University of Southern California Trojans on January 1, 1944.

Terrorism
Air Vietnam Flight 706 was hijacked, then crashed while attempting to land near a provincial airfield on the South Vietnamese coast, killing all 75 on board.

Protest
Soviet vigilantes, using bulldozers and dump trucks, broke up an outdoor exhibition of nonconformist Soviet art as it ws being set up on a vacant lot in Moscow and seized some of the paintings. Two water trucks chased a fleeing crowd of 100 people, including artists, Western journalists, and diplomats, striking three American journalists. The 13 organizers of the exhibit claimed that Moscow authorities had told them the lot was available, and sent a written complaint to the Communist Party Politburo, protesting lawlessness, arbitrary misuse of force, and violation of their constitutional rights.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (5-4) 12 @ Montreal (7-2) 31

Phil Price's 54-yard interception return for a touchdown with 1:26 remaining in the 3rd quarter began a rally which produced 24 unanswered points as the Alouettes came from behind to defeat the Lions before 17,926 fans at Autostade. Montreal quarterback Jimmy Jones passed for 254 yards and rushed for 69, including a 4-yard touchdown in the 2nd quarter. Montreal's Johnny Rodgers rushed 6 times for 76 yards and a touchdown, while adding 114 yards receiving. Peter Dalla Riva scored the other Montreal touchdown on a 17-yard pass from Mr. Jones with 1:26 remaining in the game. Slade Willis scored the only B.C. touchdown on a 22-yard pass from Don Moorhead with 4:25 remainig in the 3rd quarter, giving the Lions a 12-7 lead after Ivan MacMillan's convert. Mr. Willis also had a 70-yard punt single. B.C. running back Lou Harris led all rushers with 76 yards.

NFL
Miami (0-1) 24 @ New England (1-0) 34
Washington (1-0) 13 @ New York Giants (0-1) 10
Dallas (1-0) 24 @ Atlanta (0-1) 0
San Francisco (1-0) 17 @ New Orleans (0-1) 13
Cleveland (0-1) 7 @ Cincinnati (1-0) 33
Detroit (0-1) 9 @ Chicago (1-0) 17
Minnesota (1-0) 32 @ Green Bay (0-1) 17
Philadelphia (0-1) 3 @ St. Louis (1-0) 7
New York Jets (0-1) 16 @ Kansas City (1-0) 24
San Diego (0-1) 14 @ Houston (1-0) 21
Los Angeles (1-0) 17 @ Denver (0-1) 10

Baseball
International League
Governor's Cup
Syracuse 11 @ Rochester 5 (13 innings) (Syracuse led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Chiefs erupted for 6 runs in the top of the 13th inning to break a 5-5 tie as they beat the Red Wings before 3,319 fans. A 2-run home run by M.L. Prince started the big inning for Syracuse. The game was a nightmare for Rochester third baseman Doug DeCinces, who made 4 errors, helping to produce 6 unearned runs for Syracuse. Steve Evenhus, who entered the game in the 8th inning, was the winning pitcher; Mike McQueen, who entered the game in the 13th, took the loss for Rocheser.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Friends--Amii Stewart

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): I Just Called To Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Careless Whisper--George Michael (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): What's Love Got to Do with It--Tina Turner (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Missing You--John Waite
2 What's Love Got to Do with It--Tina Turner
3 Let's Go Crazy--Prince and the Revolution
4 Stuck on You--Lionel Richie
5 She Bop--Cyndi Lauper
6 The Warrior--Scandal featuring Patty Smyth
7 If This is It--Huey Lewis and the News
8 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr.
9 Drive--The Cars
10 Rock Me Tonite--Billy Squier

Singles entering the chart were Blue Jean by David Bowie (#62); What About Me? by Kenny Rogers with Kim Carnes and James Ingram (#68); Better be Good to Me by Tina Turner (#69); Body Rock by Maria Vidal (#85); and Sugar Don't Bite by Sam Harris (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 What's Love Got to Do with It--Tina Turner (2nd week at #1)
2 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr.
3 Stuck on You--Lionel Richie
4 She Bop--Cyndi Lauper
5 Missing You--John Waite
6 If Ever You're in My Arms--Peabo Bryson
7 When Doves Cry--Prince
8 All of You--Julio Iglesias and Diana Ross
9 If This is It--Huey Lewis and the News
10 I Can Dream About You--Dan Hartman

Singles entering the chart were Making Contact by Bruce Cockburn (#91); You Take Me Up by Thompson Twins (#95); Shine Shine by Barry Gibb (#96); The Word is Out by Jermaine Stewart (#98); and Somebody Else's Guy by Jocelyn Brown (#99).

25 years ago
1984


Religion
Pope John Paul II continued his Canadian tour in Ontario. He celebrated Mass before a crowd of 500,000 at Downsview Airport and later consecrated the Slovak Cathedral of the Transfiguration in Unionville, built by Denison Mines magnate Steve Roman. One of the things he did that day was to give a blessing to Brian Mulroney, two days before Mr. Mulroney took office as Prime Minister. John Paul II’s papal blessing may have had a positive effect on Mr. Mulroney, but the result was disastrous for Canada.

Politics and government
The latest public opinion surveys of potential voters in the United States showed President Ronald Reagan leading Democratic challenger Walter Mondale by 15-18 percentage points. An Associated Press survey put Mr. Reagan ahead in 41 states with 420 electoral votes, 150 more than the number required for victory.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (8-2) 17 @ Montreal (4-6) 33
Hamilton (2-8-1) 16 @ Winnipeg (9-2) 48

Willard Reaves rushed for 4 touchdowns to lead the Blue Bombers to their rout over the Tiger-cats.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): On Our Own--Bobby Brown

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Robert Penn Warren, 84
. U.S. novelist and poet. Mr. Warren was best known for his novel All the King’s Men (1946), which won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1947. He also won Pulitzer Prizes for poetry in 1958 and 1979. In 1986 Mr. Warren was named the first Poet Laureate of the United States.

Environment
As winter approached in Alaska, Exxon Corporation halted its cleanup of the 11 million-gallon oil spill from the tanker Exxon Valdez, which had occurred in March. Exxon said the cost of the cleanup was approaching $2 billion. Although the company said that 1,100 miles of the shoreline had been made "environmentally stable," Alaska Governor Steve Cowper said "plenty more" had to be done, and that Alaska would bill Exxon for the cleanup being continued by the state.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the index of producer prices for finished goods had fallen 0.4% in August.

Football
CFL
Toronto (4-7) 16 @ Calgary (6-5) 36

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Welcome to Tomorrow--Snap! (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
Representing Quebec, Lise Bacon was appointed to the Canadian Senate by Prime Minister Paul Martin.

10 years ago
2004


War
United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan said that the U.S. war in Iraq was illegal and violated the UN charter. Meanwhile, a U.S. official said that a highly classified National Intelligence Estimate prepared for U.S. President George W. Bush and released in July predicted a bleak future for Iraq.

Economics and finance
The U.S. administration of President George W. Bush requested that the Senate divert $3.4 billion of the $18.4 billion Iraq reconstruction budget to improving security in Iraq.

Labour
National Hockey League commissioner Gary Bettman announced a lockout of players until a new contract could be negotiated, putting the 2004-05 season in jeopardy.

Protest
Thousands of members of England's rural aristocracy went to London to protest a vote in Parliament to ban foxhunting. Five protesters broke into the House of Commons.

Sunday, September 14, 2014

September 14, 2014

850 years ago
1164


Died on this date
Sutoku, 45
. Emperor of Japan, 1123-1142. Sutoku ascended the Chrysanthemum Throne at the age of 4 upon the abdication of his father Toba. Emperor Sutoku also abdicated and was succeeded by his younger brother Emperor Konoe.

225 years ago
1789

Politics and government

The U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs changed its name to the Department of State.

200 years ago
1814


Literature
The poem Defence of Fort McHenry was written by Francis Scott Key as a result of the Battle of North Point in the War of 1812. The poem was later used as the lyrics of The Star-Spangled Banner.

150 years ago
1864


Born on this date
Robert Cecil
. U.K. politician and diplomat. Lord Cecil, the son of British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury, was U.K. Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from 1915-1919, and helped to create the League of Nations. Lord Cecil's service to that body led to his being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1937. Lord Cecil died on November 24, 1958 at the age of 94.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Kay Medford
. U.S. actress. Miss Medford, born Margaret Kathleen O'Regan, was known for playing character and comic roles in plays and movies. She was nominated for a Tony Award for her starring performances in the Broadway musical (1964) and movie (1968) Funny Girl. Miss Medford died on April 10, 1980 at the age of 65.

Mae Axton. U.S. songwriter. Mrs. Axton wrote or co-wrote about 200 songs, the best-known of which was Heartbreak Hotel, written with Tommy Durden. She died on April 9, 1997 at the age of 82, drowning in her hot tub after an apparent heart attack.

Clayton Moore. U.S. actor. Mr. Moore was best known for starring as the Lone Ranger in a television series from 1949-1951 and 1954-1957. He died on December 28, 1999 at the age of 85.

75 years ago
1939


World events
The Estonian military boarded the Polish submarine ORP Orzeł in Tallinn, sparking a diplomatic incident that the Soviet Union would later use to justify the annexation of Estonia.

70 years ago
1944


War
Maastricht became the first Dutch city to be liberated by Allied forces. The Allies captured Antwerp. U.S. forces captured six German towns south of Aachen and shelled the city from a mile away. Polish and Soviet troops captured the Warsaw suburb of Praga, saving it from total destruction. U.S. Army troops and Marines invaded Peleliu Island of the Palau group in the western Caroline Islands. Chinese troops recaptured the fortress city of Tengyueh in the province of Yunnan.

Economics and finance
Two U.S. National War Labor Board panels reported that Labor Department cost-of-living reports did not reflect actualities, claiming that there had been a 5% rise over the 24.5% reported by the Labor Department.

Labour
The U.S. Congress of Industrial Organizations-United Auto Workers voted to retain its no-strike pledge pending a mail referendum of union members.

Law
The American Bar Association convention rejected a resolution critical of the U.S. Supreme Court for "reflecting New Deal political purposes in its decisions."

Disasters
In the worst storm to hit the U.S. in six years, a hurricane swept the Atlantic Coast from the Carolinas to Canada, causing 40 deaths and at least $100 million in property damage.

60 years ago
1954


Defense
In a top secret nuclear test under the code name "Snowball," a Soviet Tu-4 bomber dropped a 40-kiloton atomic weapon just north of the village of Totskoye.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Rock Your Baby--George McCrae (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Love Me for a Reason--The Osmonds (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe--Barry White
2 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton
3 Rock Me Gently--Andy Kim
4 (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
5 I Honestly Love You--Olivia Newton-John
6 Then Came You--Dionne Warwick and the Spinners
7 I'm Leaving it (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond
8 Nothing from Nothing--Billy Preston
9 Hang on in There Baby--Johnny Bristol
10 You and Me Against the World--Helen Reddy

Singles entering the chart were The Bitch is Back by Elton John (#49); Overnight Sensation (Hit Record) by Raspberries (#75); You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#76); Honey Honey by Sweet Dreams (#84); The Ballad of Evel Knievel by John Culliton Mahoney (#92); I've Got the Music in Me by the Kiki Dee Band (#93); The Player (Part 1) by First Choice (#94); I'm a Ramblin' Man by Waylon Jennings (#95); Do It, Fluid by the Blackbyrds (#96); Early Morning Love by Sammy Johns (#97); Travelin' Shoes by Elvin Bishop (#98); After the Goldrush by Prelude (#99); and In the Bottle by Brother to Brother (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton (2nd week at #1)
2 (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
3 Rock Me Gently--Andy Kim
4 I'm Leaving it (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond
5 Hang on in There Baby--Johnny Bristol
6 Wildwood Weed--Jim Stafford
7 Clap for the Wolfman--The Guess Who
8 The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace
9 Another Saturday Night--Cat Stevens
10 Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe--Barry White

Singles entering the chart were Jazzman by Carole King (#85); Give it to the People by the Righteous Brothers (#88); Second Avenue by Garfunkel (#90); Kings of the Party by Brownsville Station (#93); Midnight Flower by the Four Tops (#95); Blood is Thicker than Water by William DeVaughn (#97); Suzie Girl by Redbone (#98); Virgin Man by Smokey Robinson (#99); and Blue Skies by Bill King (#100).

Winnipeg's top 10 (CKRC)
1 The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace
2 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton
3 I'm Leaving it (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond
4 Wild Thing--Fancy
5 Another Saturday Night--Cat Stevens
6 I'm on Fire for You Baby--April Wine
7 It's Only Rock and Roll (But I LIke It)--Rolling Stones
8 Tell Me Something Good--Rufus
9 Earache My Eye Featuring Alice Bowie--Cheech & Chong
10 Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe--Barry White

Calgary's top 10
1 I Honestly Love You--Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)
2 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton
3 Shang-A-Lang--Tinker's Moon
4 You and Me Against the World--Helen Reddy
5 Another Saturday Night--Cat Stevens
6 Beach Baby--First Class
7 Forever and Ever--Keith Hampshire
8 Feel Like Makin' Love--Roberta Flack
9 Nothing from Nothing--Billy Preston
10 Keep on Smilin'--Wet Willie
Pick hit of the week: Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe--Barry White

Television
Roone Arledge, president of ABC Television Sports, confirmed that former Kansas City Chiefs' defensive back Fred "The Hammer" Williamson had been released from his job as commentator on Monday Night Football after just three pre-season telecasts. Mr. Williamson had been hired to replace Don Meredith, who had jumped to NBC after 4 years on Monday Night Football. Mr. Meredith had signed with NBC for three years to provide colour commentary on football telecasts, with opportunities for acting roles. Mr. Arledge issued a statement saying, "Both Fred and I agreed that the results in the broadcasting booth during our three exhibition telecasts were not satisfactory, and with the regular season about to begin, we felt that this was an appropriate time to make a change." Mr. Williamson was replaced by former Detroit Lions' defensive tackle Alex Karras for the first regular season telecast, with the Oakland Raiders visiting the Buffalo Bills on September 16. Mr. Karras was initially signed for just one game, but he lasted for three seasons. The other members of the Monday Night Football broadcast team were Howard Cosell, who had been with MNF since its beginning in 1970, and Frank Gifford, who had called the play-by-play since 1971. Mr. Cosell, in his recently-published book Like it Is, had devoted an entire chapter to Mr. Williamson and expressed the opinion that "the kid is going to make it." He was mistaken.

Football
CFL
Calgary (2-7) 16 @ Ottawa (3-6) 9

Calgary's Cyril McFall and Ottawa's Gerry Organ each kicked 3 field goals and the game was tied 9-9 after 3 quarters, but Calgary running back Don Willingham rushed 1 yard for a touchdown, converted by Mr. McFall, with 9:27 remaining in the game to give the Stampeders their first win in eastern Canada in five years. Calgary quarterback Peter Liske passed for 316 yards. For the Rough Riders, it was the fifth straight game in which they had scored 10 points or fewer, and their second straight game without a touchdown. Ottawa fullback Jim Evenson suffered a season-ending knee injury, and it turned out to be the last game of his 7-year CFL career.

NFL
Baltimore (0-1) 0 @ Pittsburgh (1-0) 30

Joe Gilliam, who had beaten incumbent Terry Bradshaw out of the starting quarterback position in pre-season, completed 17 of 31 passes for 257 yards and threw touchdown passes of 54 yards to Lynn Swann and 4 yards to Frank Lewis as the Steelers blanked the Colts before 48,890 fans at Three Rivers Stadium. Franco Harris and John Fuqua also rushed for touchdowns.

Baseball
International League
Playoffs
Semi-Finals
Rochester 3 @ Memphis 1 (Rochester won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Paul Mitchell pitched a six-hit complete game for the Red Wings as they eliminated the Blues before 1,044 fans. Memphis opened the scoring on consecutive doubles by Curt Brown and Pat Scanlon with 2 out in the bottom of the 1st inning, but the Red Wings replied with 2 in the top of the 2nd on a double by Doug DeCinces, a single by Mike Reinbach, and a triple by Bob Bailor. Mr. Mitchell helped his own cause by singling home Mr. Reinbach with the game's final run in the 4th inning. Craig Caskey started on the mound for the Blues and took the loss. For Memphis catcher Gary Carter, the game was his last in the minor leagues before being called up to the Montreal Expos.

30 years ago
1984


Died on this date
Janet Gaynor, 77
. U.S. actress. Miss Gaynor became the first winner of the Academy Award for Best Actress, winning the 1927-1928 award for her performances in three films: 7th Heaven (1927); Sunrise (1927); and Street Angel (1928). She was also noted for starring in the first screen version of A Star is Born (1937).

Religion
Pope John Paul II continued his Canadian tour with a visit to Toronto.

Politics and government
The Israeli Knesset voted 89-18 to approve the power-sharing coalition between the Likud and Labor parties. The most important decisions were to be made by an "inner cabinet" consisting of five ministers from each side.

Democratic U.S. presidential candidate Walter Mondale said that President Ronald Reagan was an isolated president operating in a "question-free zone" and conducting a "happy-talk campaign."

Aviation
Retired United States Air Force Colonel Joe Kittinger became the first person to fly a gas balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean, beginning a four-day mission aboard Balloon of Peace.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve announced that industrial production was up only 0.2% in August. The United States Labor Department reported that the prices paid by producers for finished goods edged downward by 0.1% in August.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-8) 21 @ Calgary (5-6) 23

J.T. Hay’s dramatic 57-yard field goal on the last play of the game gave the Stampeders the win just after they appeared to have blown it. Mr. Hay had lined up for a shorter attempt, only to have the snap fumbled by the holder. Fortunately for the Stampeders, it was only second down, and they recovered the ball with enough time remaining for Mr. Hay to kick the longest field goal of his CFL career. The loss for the Rough Riders was their seventh in a row.

25 years ago
1989


Died on this date
Perez Prado, 72
. Cuban-born Mexican bandleader. Known as "The Mambo King," Mr. Prado's recording of Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White topped the Billboard Best Seller chart for 10 weeks in the spring of 1955. The song also hit #1 on the Disc Jockey (6 weeks) and Juke Box (8 weeks) charts. Mr. Prado hit #1 again in 1958 when Patricia spent a week at #1 on the Disc Jockey and Top 100 charts.

World events
More than 13,000 refugees had left Hungary for West Germany via Austria since September 11.

Diplomacy
The United States administration of President George Bush announced that it would double its pledge of food aid to Poland in the next year to $100 million.

Politics and government
The South African parliament elected F.W. de Klerk to a five-year term as President.

Crime
Joseph Wesbecker, who had worked at a printing plant in Louisville, Kentucky before being placed on permanent disability leave in 1988, returned to the plant armed with an AK-47 assault rifle, three semiautomatic pistols, a handgun, and a bayonet. He opened fire, killing seven people and wounding 13.

Business
Major league baseball owners approved the sale of the Seattle Mariners to Jeff Smulyan and Michael Browning for $77 million‚ the highest price ever paid for an American League club.

Baseball
Mike Scott of the Houston Astros became the first 20-game winner in the major leagues in 1989 when he defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers 11-3 before 13,206 fans at Dodger Stadium.

The St. Louis Cardinals drew a Busch Memorial Stadium record low crowd of 1,519 for their 4-3 loss to the Pittsburgh Pirates.

20 years ago
1994


Labour
Major league baseball owners voted 26-2 to cancel the rest of the season, prolonging a strike that had begun after the games of August 11.

Medicine
A team of scientists from several American and Canadian institutions reported that they had found a gene believed responsible for almost half of all breast cancer cases linked to heredity. This would represent 2%-5% of all cases. Women having a defective form of the gene faced a high risk of developing breast cancer, the second-leading cause of death by cancer among women.

10 years ago
2004


Terrorism
A car bomb exploded outside a police station in Baghdad, killing almost 50 people. Iraqi officials suggested that the spiralling violence may force a delay to national elections scheduled for January 2005.

Medicine
A group advising the U.S. Food and Drug Administration urged drug manufacturers to strongly warn parents and doctors that prescribing antidepressants to teenagers and children may increase suicidal behaviour.

Saturday, September 13, 2014

September 13, 2014

200 years ago
1814


War
In a turning point in the War of 1812, the British failed to capture Baltimore.

175 years ago
1839


Protest
Republican rebels burned the Anglican church in Chippewa, Upper Canada.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Leonard Feather
. U.K.-born U.S. musician and journalist. Mr. Feather played piano and clarinet, and wrote songs--including How Blue Can You Get? and Blowtop Blues--but was best known for writing about jazz, including liner notes for hundreds of albums. He died on September 22, 1994, nine days after his 80th birthday.

War
The First Battle of the Aisne began between Germany and the Allied forces of the U.K. and France. South African troops opened hostilities in the German colony of South-West Africa (Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.

80 years ago
1934


Radio
Baseball Commissioner K.M. Landis sold the broadcast rights to the World Series to the Ford Motor Company for $100,000. Previously no fee had been charged.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals reduced the New York Giants’ National League lead to 4½ games over the Cardinals with a 2-0 win over the Giants in 12 innings at the Polo Grounds in New York. Paul Dean pitched 12 scoreless innings, while Freddie Fitzsimmons of the Giants pitched 11 scoreless innings before taking the loss.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
Variety reported the most popular songs as:
1 I'll Walk Alone
2 Swingin' on a Star
3 I'll Be Seeing You

War
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that the aim of the current Quebec Conference with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King was to bring maximum effort to all war theatres and coordinate Allied war efforts. Canadian troops in Italy captured Coriano Ridge in fierce fighting south of Rimini. After seizing Rotgen, U.S. forces in Germany dug into the heights above Aachen. Allied troops in Italy reached the vicinity of two passes above Florence leading through the Apennines to the Po River Valley. Soviet forces broke through the German defenses on a 35-mile front in southern Poland and reached the Czech border at Ciechania, 80 miles southeast of Krakow. The U.S.S.R. announced the the terms of its armistice with Romania, which included a $300-million war reparation; the ceding of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina to the U.S.S.R.; the the return of Transylvania to Romania.

Defense
The United States Senate approved a House of Representatives bill permitting Waves to be sent to U.S. stations outside continental America.

Disasters
80-100 people were reported killed in a Mexican cyclone and cloudburst covering nine states a week earlier.

60 years ago
1954


Boxing
European heavyweight champion Heinz Neuhaus (31-2-4) won a 10-round decision over Dan Bucceroni (47-5) at Westfalenhalle, Dortmund, Nordrhein-Westfalen, West Germany.

Football
WIFU
British Columbia (0-6) 17 @ Winnipeg (4-2-1) 22
Edmonton (2-3) 6 @ Calgary (4-3) 20

Calgary quarterback Eddie LeBaron handed off to Howard Waugh for 2 touchdowns and rushed for another of his own as the Stampeders defeated the Eskimos before 15,000 fans at Mewata Stadium. Bob Dean kicked 2 field goals for the Eskimos.

50 years ago
1964


World events
South Vietnamese Generals Lâm Văn Phát and Dương Văn Đức failed in a coup attempt against General Nguyễn Khánh.

Football
Edmonton (2-5) 22 @ Toronto (2-4) 35

Don Fuell quarterbacked the Argonauts to victory over the Eskimos before 21,797 fans at CNE Stadium. Larry Ferguson, who had scored a touchdown for the Eskimos in his first CFL game two days earlier, scored all 3 Edmonton touchdowns, while split end Tommy-Joe Coffey caught 10 passes for 113 yards in a losing cause.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rock Your Baby--George McCrae (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ed McKeever, 64
. U.S. football coach. Mr. McKeever was head coach at University of Notre Dame (1944); Cornell Univiersity (1945-1946); and University of San Francisco (1947), compiling a record of 25-12-1. He was head coach of the Chicago Rockets of the All-America Football Conference in 1948, posting a 1-13 record. Mr. McKeever was general manager of the Boston Patriots of the American Football League when that league began operation in 1960.

Terrorism
Three armed members of the Japanese Red Army organization seized part of the French embassy in The Hague, taking nine hostages, including Jacques Senard, French Ambassador to the Netherlands. The terrorists threatened to kill the hostages one by one unless a comrade identified as Yutaka Furuya were freed from prison in France. Mr. Furuya was immediately flown to The Hague, but negotiations with the terrorists stalled.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (6-2) 24 @ Saskatchewan (5-4) 18

Edmonton quarterback Tom Wilkinson passed 15 yards to Garry Lefebvre for a touchdown with 1:15 remaining in the 1st half and handed off to Roy Bell and Calvin Harrell for touchdowns in the 3rd quarter to give the Eskimos a 24-4 lead over the Roughriders before 21,826 fans at Taylor Field in Regina, but Saskatchewan rookie backup quarterback Randy Mattingly completed touchdown passes to Leif Pettersen and Bobby Thompson in the 4th quarter and appeared to be driving the team for the winning touchdown, but Edmonton defensive back John Beaton intercepted a pass to quell the threat. Ron Lancaster started at quarterback for the Roughriders and completed 21 of 34 passes but 266 yards, but failed to produce a touchdown.

Baseball
International League
Playoffs
Semi-Finals
Rochester 2 @ Memphis 0 (Rochester led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Syracuse 8 @ Richmond 2 (Syracuse won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Dyar Miller pitched a 5-hit shoutout, striking out 11 batters and walking just 1, leading the Red Wings as they blanked the Blues before 1,170 fans. Bob Bailor had 3 singles for Rochester, and scored both runs, in the 3rd and 5th innings. Brian Abraham started on the mound for Memphis and took the loss.

Rick Sawyer pitched a 7-hit complete game as the Chiefs eliminated the Braves before 1,272 fans. Rick Bladt drove in the 3 runs with a ground out in the 1st inning, a single in the 3rd, and a home run in the 5th. Mr. Bladt also had a double. The Braves scored both their runs in the 4th inning on a home run by Greg Foreman, a triple by John Fuller, and a single by Alan Gallagher. Barry Lersch, the first of 5 Richmond pitchers, took the loss, as the Chiefs amassed 17 hits.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 17 (CHED)
1 Let's Go Crazy--Prince and the Revolution
2 What's Love Got to Do with It--Tina Turner
3 Drive--The Cars
4 She Bop--Cyndi Lauper
5 If This is It--Huey Lewis and the News
6 Dancing with Tears in My Eyes--Ultravox
7 Lights Out--Peter Wolf
8 The Warrior--Scandal
9 Missing You--John Waite
10 Cover Me--Bruce Springsteen
11 Message to My Girl--Split Enz
12 If Ever You're in My Arms Again--Peabo Bryson
13 Go for Soda--Kim Mitchell
14 Stuck on You--Lionel Richie
15 Only When You Leave--Spandau Ballet
16 Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood
17 Torture--Jacksons

Religion
Pope John Paul II visited New Brunswick as part of his Canadian tour.

Environment
The United States government halted all shipments of citrus from Florida because of the citrus canker, a bacterium harmless to humans and animals, but deadly to citrus trees.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Ehtaa tavaraa (80-luvun tykki)--Bat & Ryyd (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Licence to Kill--Gladys Knight (8th week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev met with government and party leaders of the Baltic republics in Moscow. He reportedly opposed separatist movements in the Baltic regions, but was also reported to have been conciliatory.

Protest
Reverend Desmond Tutu led the largest anti-Apartheid march in South African history.

Baseball
Fay Vincent was elected baseball commissioner, replacing the late Bart Giamatti, whom Mr. Vincent had served as deputy commissioner.

20 years ago
1994


Space
The probe Ulysses, a joint venture of the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration and European Space Agency, passed the Sun's south pole. Ulysses had been launched on October 6, 1990 on a mission to orbir the Sun and study it at all latitudes.

Society
The Third United Nations International Conference on Population and Development, meeting in Cairo, approved a document declaring that the use of contraceptives as well as "gender equity and the empowerment of women" were the primary means of controlling population. The text on abortion, whose draft had been criticized by the Vatican, was revised, and included the statement, "In no case should abortion be promoted as a method of family planning." All 179 delegations present endorsed the draft plan by consensus, although the Vatican and 20 other countries declared their reservations.

Politics and government
Disgraced former Washington, D.C. Mayor Marion Barry won the Democratic Party mayoral nomination, while incumbent Mayor Sharon Pratt Kelly finished third. Rhode Island Governor Bruce Sundlun, a Democrat, was defeated for renomination. U.S. Representative David Levy (Republican--New York) lost his bid for renomination in a primary. MInnesota Governor Arne Carlson, whose renomination bid had been rejected by the Republican state convention in favour of Allen Quist, a conservative, won the Republican Party primary.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had increased 0.3% in August.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Luis E. Miramontes, 79
. Mexican chemist. Mr. Miramontes was best known for his synthesis, in 1951, of the progestin norethindrone used in one of the first three oral contraceptives, making him the co-inventor of the birth control pill.

Politics and government
Russian President Vladimir Putin called for drastic changes in his country's government, prompting international criticism that the broad overhaul was a consolidation of power in Mr. Putin's hands that would roll back democracy.

Law
A United States law banning 19 types of semiautomatic weapons lapsed.

Friday, September 12, 2014

September 12, 2014

200 years ago
1814


Died on this date
Robert Ross, 48 (?)
. U.K. military officer. Major General Ross was fatally shot by an American rifleman in the early stages of the Battle of North Point. His death occurred 19 days after he had led British troops in the burning of Washington.

War
In the War of 1812, an American detachment halted the British land advance to Baltimore in the Battle of North Point.

150 years ago
1864


Politics and government
The British North America Confederation conference, which had opened in Charlottetown, reconvenes at Province House in Halifax. The delegates agreed to meet at Quebec on October 10 to work out final details.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Ugo Pasquale Mifsud
. Prime Minister of Malta, 1924-1927, 1932-1933. Sir Ugo was a member of the Nationalist Party. He died on February 11, 1942 at the age of 52, several days after speaking against the deportation of 49 Maltese Italians who had been accused of pro-Italian political activities during World War II.

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Gus Sonnenberg, 46
. U.S. football player and wrestler. Mr. Sonnenberg was a halfback with five professional teams from 1923-1930, and was a member of the Providence Steam Roller when they won the National Football League championship in 1928. He wrestled professionally from 1928-1942, introducing the "flying tackle" to wrestling and holding the National Wrestling Association world heavyweight title from January 1929-December 1930 and again briefly in 1939. Mr. Sonnenberg died of leukemia.

War
Soviet Marshal Rodion Malinovsky signed an armistice with Romania on behalf of all United Nations countries. Canadian forces in France Canadians helped clear the English Channel ports of Dieppe, Calais and Dover. The U.S. 1st Army penetrated the German border again, crossing at the Belgian frontier town of Eupen. Bajina Bašta in western Serbia was among Serbian cities being liberated from Nazi occupation by Allied troops.

Politics and government
Provisional French leader General Charles de Gaulle pledged again to turn over the government to an elected national assembly "as soon as France reestablishes her sovereignty."

60 years ago
1954


On television tonight
Lassie, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Inheritance

This was the first episode of the long-running series.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Should Have Known Better/If I Fell--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ce Monde--Richard Anthony (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): In ginocchio da te--Gianni Morandi (9th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das kommt vom Rudern, das kommt vom Segeln--Peter Lauch & Die Regenpfeifer

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): You Really Got Me--The Kinks

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The House of the Rising Sun--The Animals (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The House of the Rising Sun--The Animals (2nd week at #1)
2 Where Did Our Love Go--The Supremes
3 Everybody Loves Somebody--Dean Martin
4 Bread and Butter--The Newbeats
5 A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles
6 Under the Boardwalk--The Drifters
7 G.T.O.--Ronny and the Daytonas
8 Pretty Woman--Roy Orbison
9 Because--The Dave Clark Five
10 Maybe I Know--Lesley Gore

Singles entering the chart were Mercy, Mercy by Don Covay and the Goodtimers (#66); Let it Be Me by Betty Everett & Jerry Butler (#67); Chug-A-Lug by Roger Miller (#71); When I Grow Up (To Be A Man) by the Beach Boys (#78); Girl (Why You Wanna Make Me Blue) by the Temptations (#80); On the Street Where You Live by Andy Williams (#93); Have I the Right? by the Honeycombs (#97); Little Honda by the Hondells (#98); Gonna Send You Back to Walker (Gonna Send You Back To Georgia) by the Animals (#99); and Good Night Baby by the Butterflys (#100). Let it Be Me was the B-side of Ain't That Loving You Baby, which had charted at #91 the previous week.

Americana
Canyonlands National Park in southeastern Utah was designated as a National Park.

Football
CFL
Calgary (5-3) 12 @ Ottawa (4-2-1) 52
Saskatchewan (5-3) 30 @ Winnipeg (1-7-1) 2

Russ Jackson threw 4 touchdown passes and rushed for another TD as the Rough Riders routed the Stampeders before 19,560 fans at Lansdowne Park. Mr. Jackson completed 2 touchdown passes to Ron Stewart and 1 each to Ted Watkins and Whit Tucker. Mr. Watkins also caught a touchdown pass from Mr. Stewart, and Dave Thelen rushed for another Ottawa TD.

Ron Lancaster threw 2 touchdown passes to Hugh Campbell as the Roughriders routed the Blue Bombers before 17,704 fans at Winnipeg Stadium.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): 19 Men--Dermot Hegarty

Politics and government
Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie was deposed following a military coup by the Derg, ending a reign of 58 years. The Armed Forces Committee, which had stripped the emperor of his powers, did not declare an end to the monarchy, but called for the return of his son, 57-year-old Crown Prince Asfa Wossen, to be crowned as a figurehead with no powers. The coordinating committee also announced that a provisional government headed by Lieutenant General Aman Michael Andom would rule until elections could be held. The committee dissolved parliament, banned all strikes and unauthorized demonstrations, and proclaimed a domestic program based on equality for all Ethiopians and priority for land reform.

Agriculture
The Canadian Egg Marketing Agency ordered 28 million eggs destroyed; they had rotted due to improper storage.

Protest
Five youths were arrested for disorderly conduct, including rock throwing, as violent protest, centred at South Boston High School, marked the start of Boston's program to integrate its public schools. Fear of violence and a boycott called by white parents kept attendance at South Boston High at 100 of 1,500 enrolled students. U.S. Federal District Judge W. Arthur Garrity had ordered the busing in June after having found the school system to be deliberately segregated. Other areas of Boston where violence had been expected remaind quiet, although system-wide attendance was found to be about 65% of normal. After the first day's incidents, Mayor Kevin White ordered police escorts for the school buses involved in the plan.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (5-3) 26 @ Toronto (3-6) 24

Trailing 24-12 almost halfway through the 4th quarter, the Lions rallied with 2 touchdowns by Lou Harris to edge the Argonauts before 32,872 fans at CNE Stadium. Mr. Harris took a short pass from quarterback Don Moorhead and went 59 yards for a touchdown with 7:36 remaining in the game, and Ivan MacMillan's convert reduced the deficit to 24-19. Mr. Harris then rushed 17 yards for the winning touchdown with 2:30 remaining. Slade Willis scored the first B.C. TD on an 11-yard pass from Mr. Moorhead in the 2nd quarter. Doyle Orange rushed 12 yards for the first Toronto touchdown just 2:34 into the game, and Ed Shuttlesworth rushed 2 yards for the Argonauts' other TD at 4:30 of the 3rd quarter. Mr. Harris rushed for 50 yards and caught 4 passes for 101. Mr. Orange led the Argonauts with 50 yards rushing.

Baseball
International League
Playoffs
Semi-Finals
Rochester 3 @ Memphis 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Syracuse 2 @ Richmond 6 (Syracuse led best-of-seven series 3-1)

A single by Rob Andrews, a passed ball, and a double by Doug DeCinces produced the winning run in the top of the 9th inning as the Red Wings edged the Blues before 1,282 fans. Rochester's Bob Bailor hit a solo home run in the top of the 8th inning to break a 1-1 tie and give the Red Wings a 2-1 lead, but Memphis tied the game in the bottom of the inning when pinch runner Don Hopkins scored from third base on the front end of a double steal. Mickey Scott, who relieved starter Bill Kirkpatrick in the 8th inning, was the winning pitcher. Mike Baldwin started on the mound for Memphis, and was relieved by Joe Keener in the 7th inning. Terry Enyart entered the game in the 9th and was tagged with the loss.

The Braves scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning, another run in the 3rd, and 3 in the 5th as they defeated the Chiefs. Dave Cheadle started on the mound for Richmond but was relieved by Pablo Torrealba in the 4th. Mr. Torrealba went the rest of the way for the win, and singled in the Braves' final run. Richmond's John Fuller hit the game's only home run in the 5th inning. Syracuse starter Frank Snook was the losing pitcher. Syracuse infielder Fred Frazier was suspended indefinitely by Chiefs' manager Bobby Cox for disciplinary reasons, shortly after the team's arrival at the Richmond airport.

30 years ago
1984


Baseball
Dwight Gooden of the New York Mets pitched a 5-hitter, recording 16 strikeouts and no bases on balls, as he and the Mets shut out the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-0 before 12,876 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Gooden in this game set a major league record for strikeouts in a season by a rookie with 246, breaking the record set by Herb Score of the Cleveland Indians in 1954. He finished the season with 276 strikeouts, a rookie record that still stands. Mr. Gooden also hit 2 singles in 3 at bats.

20 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Tom Ewell, 85
. U.S. actor. Mr. Ewell, born Samuel Yewell Tompkins, was best known for his starring role in the play (1952) and film (1955) The Seven Year Itch.

Boris Yegorov, 56. U.S.S.R. physician and cosmonaut. Dr. Yegorov, the first physician to go into space, was assigned as Medical Doctor for Voskhod 1--the first three-man space mission in history--with Command Pilot Vladimir Komarov and Engineer Konstantin Feoktistov. Voskhod 1 lifted off on October 12, 1964 and returned to Earth the next day. Dr. Yegorov died of a heart attack.

Frank Corder, 38. U.S. criminal. Mr. Corder, who had recently served a prison term for drug dealing and was reportedly depressed because his wife had left him, stole a single-engine Cessna 150 plane, departed from Aldino Airport in Maryland, and crashed into the south lawn of the White House at 1:49 A.M., striking the west wing and killing himself. The White House was undergoing renovations at the time, and U.S. President Bill Clinton and his family were living at Blair House.

Politics and government
The Parti Quebecois, led by Jacques Parizeau, won the Quebec provincial election, winning 77 of 125 seats in the National Assembly despite having only slightly more of the popular vote than the Liberals. The PQ held 33 seats going into the election. The Liberals, led by Premier Daniel Johnson, dropped from 78 seats to 47. Mr. Parizeau promised to hold a referendum on Quebec sovereignty within a year.

10 years ago
2004


Terrorism
Almost 60 people were killed in Iraq in attacks by suicide bombers and insurgents.

Business
US Airways sought bankruptcy protection for the second time.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (5-5-1) 18 @ Montreal (11-1) 47
Saskatchewan (4-8) 24 @ Winnipeg (5-7) 27

Thursday, September 11, 2014

September 11, 2014

300 years ago
1714


War
Barcelona, capital city of Catalonia, surrendered to Spanish and French Bourbon armies in the War of the Spanish Succession.

225 years ago
1789


Politics and government
Alexander Hamilton was appointed the first United States Secretary of the Treasury.

200 years ago
1814


War
In the War of 1812, U.S. forces under Thomas Macdonough defeated a British fleet under Sir George Prevost on Lake Champlain, while U.S. forces commanded by Alexander Macomb beat back a British landing force from Plattsburgh, New York, leading to the retreat of the main British force back to Canada.

175 years ago
1839


Track and field
The first meet in Canada was held at Caer Howell grounds, near Toronto.

100 years ago
1914


War
Australian forces invaded New Britain in German New Guinea, defeating a German contingent in the Battle of Bita Paka.

70 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Guardian of the Dead

War
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrived in Quebec City, where they and Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King began the second Quebec Conference at the Hotel Chateau Frontenac, opening dicussions on ways to speed the defeat of Germany and Japan. U.S. troops pushed from France 5 miles into German territory northwest of Trier at 6:11 P.M. British troops entered the Netherlands above Neerpelt after crossing the Schelde-Meuse Canal. A British Royal Air Force bombing raid on the German city of Darmstadt and the following firestorm killed 11,500.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull said that time had almost run out for Austria to demonstrate fitness for independence when Germany was defeated.

Defense
U.S. Navy Secretary James Forrestal said that he favoured a year's military training for American youth.

Politics and government
Greek Prime Minister-in-exile Georgios Papandreou and most of his cabinet arrived in Naples from Egypt to await the liberation of Greece from Nazi occupation.

Republican Party candidate Horace Hildreth was elected Governor of Maine in a landslide, and the same state's voters re-elected Republican incumbent Representatives Robert Hale, Margaret Smith, and Frank Fellows.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Happy Wanderer--Frank Weir and his Orchestra; Obernkirchen Children's Choir (7th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sh-Boom--The Crew-Cuts (Best Seller--6th week at #1; Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Jukebox--4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sh-Boom--The Crew-Cuts (6th week at #1)
--The Chords
2 Hey There--Rosemary Clooney
--Sammy Davis, Jr.
3 The Little Shoemaker--The Gaylords
--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra
4 The High and the Mighty--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
--LeRoy Holmes and his Orchestra
--Victor Young and his Orchestra
--Johnny Desmond
5 Skokiaan--Ralph Marterie and his Orchestra
--Bulawayo Sweet Rhythms Band
--The Four Lads
6 Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen
7 In the Chapel in the Moonlight--Kitty Kallen
8 They Were Doin' the Mambo--Vaugh Monroe and his Orchestra
9 Hernando's Hideaway--Archie Bleyer
10 Goodnight, Sweetheart, Goodnight--The McGuire Sisters
--Sunny Gale

Singles entering the chart were Rain, Rain, Rain by Frankie Laine and the Four Lads (#18); Honey Love by the Drifters (#27, charting with the version by Bunny Paul with the Harptones); Fortune in Dreams (#31)/Am I a Toy or a Treasure (#33) by Kay Starr; It Shall Come to Pass by the Four Aces (#37); and Mama, Don't Cry at My Wedding (#38)/Pa Pa Pa (#42) by Joni James.

Disasters
Hurricane Edna hit New England as a Category 3 hurricane, causing significant damage and 29 deaths.

Football
IRFU
Hamilton (1-3) 3 @ Montreal (4-0) 21
Ottawa (1-3) 12 @ Toronto (2-2) 5

WIFU
British Columbia (0-5) 7 @ Saskatchewan (5-1-1) 17
Calgary (3-3) 11 @ Edmonton (2-2) 30

ORFU
Sarnia (3-1) 19 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (2-2) 17

A Clarke Stadium record crowd of 18,795 saw the Eskimos use a strong rushing game to end the Stampeders' streak of three straight shutouts. Johnny Bright, recently obtained from Calgary, led the Edmonton ground game with 18 carries for 78 yards. Quarterback Jackie Parker added 61 yards on 12 carries, Glenn Lippman rushed 9 times for 57 yards, and Rollie Miles added 48 on 6 carries. Howard Waugh led the Stampeders with 12 carries for 55 yards and Eddie Macon rushed 7 times for 41 yards.

The Imperials scored 3 touchdowns in the 4th quarter--2 by Albert Richmond--to defeat the Dutchmen in Kitchener. Mr. Richmond rushed 4 yards for the winning touchdown on the last play of the game.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Won't Forget You--Jim Reeves (5th week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Pretty Woman--Roy Orbison
2 Under the Boardwalk--The Drifters
3 It Hurts to Be in Love--Gene Pitney
4 A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles
5 In the Misty Moonlight--Jerry Wallace
6 Come Home Little Girl--Bobby Curtola
7 The House of the Rising Sun--The Animals
8 Slow Down/Matchbox--The Beatles
9 Everybody Loves Somebody--Dean Martin
10 Where Did Our Love Go--The Supremes
Pick hit of the week: Do Wah Diddy Diddy--Manfred Mann
New this week: Garden in the Rain--Vic Dana
Do You Want to Dance--Del Shannon
Letter from Elaina--Casey Kasem
Promise You'll Tell Her--The Swinging Blue Jeans
Wait for Me--Rita Pavone

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Norwood Builder

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-4) 19 @ Montreal (3-3) 10

Jon Anabo, playing his first CFL game, entered the game in the 3rd quarter in relief of starting quarterback Lynn Amedee and engineered 2 touchdowns within 1 minute and 16 seconds, providing the winning margin as the Eskimos defeated the Alouettes before 22,506 fans at Molson Stadium for their first win on the road in 2 years and their first regular season win ever in Montreal. Montreal led 10-3 at halftime, but Mr. Anabo completed an 8-yard touchdown pass to Tommy-Joe Coffey and then handed off to Larry Ferguson--also playing his first CFL game--for an 11-yard touchdown rush. The Alouettes were without assistant coach Leo Cahill, who had resigned from the team because of differences with head coach Jim Trimble.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Rock Your Baby--George McCrae

Disasters
Eastern Air Lines Flight 212, a DC-9, crashed in Charlotte, North Carolina, killing 69 passengers and 2 crew members.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-7) 0 @ Hamilton (5-4) 27

Hamilton quarterback Bill Etter rushed 8 times for 73 yards and completed a 5-yard touchdown pass to Tony Gabriel for the winning touchdown in the 1st quarter as the Tiger-Cats blanked the Stampeders before 25,110 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Dave Fleming rushed 11 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter and 2 yards for the final TD in the 4th quarter. The Hamilton defense limited Calgary to 171 yards net offense.

WFL
Detroit (1-10) 15 @ Florida (7-4) 14
Birmingham (10-1) 7 @ Memphis (9-2) 46
Jacksonville (4-7) 22 @ Philadelphia (5-6) 41
Southern California (7-4) 31 @ Chicago (7-4) 28
Hawaii (3-8) 24 @ Houston (3-7-1) 17
New York (7-4) 34 @ Portland (2-8-1) 15

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals edged the New York Mets 4-3 in 25 innings in the longest night game in major league history to that date before 13,460 fans--including baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn and his wife--at Shea Stadium in New York. The game lasted 7 hours and 4 minutes, beginning at 8:08 P.M. Eastern Daylight Time on September 11, and ending at 3:12 A.M. September 12. The Mets led 3-1 with 2 out in the 9th, but St. Louis third baseman Ken Reitz hit a 2-run home run off New York starting pitcher Jerry Koosman to tie the game. The winning run scored when Bake McBride led off the 25th with an infield single off Hank Webb, who had just entered the game. Mr. Webb attempted to pick off Mr. McBride, but his throw was wild, and Mr. McBride went to third base and head for home plate. New York first baseman John Milner recovered the ball in foul territory and threw to catcher Ron Hodges at home, but Mr. Hodges dropped the ball for another error. Bob Forsch started on the mound for St. Louis and allowed 3 runs--2 earned--in 6 innings. Sonny Siebert, the Cardinals' seventh pitcher of the game, pitched 2 1/3 innings to get the win. Mr. Webb, the sixth New York pitcher, took the loss. His immediate predecessor, Jerry Cram, pitched 8 scoreless innings of relief. Wayne Garrett had a miserable game for the Mets, batting 0 for 10.

International League
Playoffs
Semi-Finals
Memphis 6 @ Rochester 4 (Memphis led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Richmond 8 @ Syracuse 9 (Syracuse led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Gary Carter drove in 2 runs with a triple in the 3rd inning, hit a 3-run home run in the 5th inning, and singled in a run in the 9th as the Blues defeated the Red Wings before 3,259 fans. Rochester scored all its runs in the bottom of the 3rd when Royle Stillman, Mike Fiore, and Doug DeCinces singled to load the bases against Memphis starting pitcher Chip Lang. Terry Enyart came in to relieve Mr. Lang and gave up a grand slam homer to Mike Reinbach, giving the Red Wings a 4-2 lead. Mr. Enyart was the winning pitcher, with Don DeMola, who entered the game in the 7th inning, earning thea save. Mike Willis started on the mound for Rochester and took the loss.

The Chiefs scored 7 runs in the 6th inning and led 9-2 after 7 innings, but the Braves rallied for 6 runs in the 8th inning, falling just short in their comeback before 1,313 fans. Rick Bladt singled twice and drove in 2 runs for Syracuse in the 6th inning, when 12 men came to bat and had 9 hits. The deciding run scored in the 7th inning on an infield hit by Ken Bennett and 2 errors on a ground ball by M.L. Prince. Dave Pagan started on the mound for Syracuse and was the winning pitcher, but left in the 7th inning with a stiff arm and was relieved by Joe Pactwa. Steve Evenhus relieved Mr. Pactwa in the 8th and gave up a grand slam to Greg Foreman. Alan Closter started on the mound for Richmond and was tagged with the loss.

Southern League
Playoffs
Jacksonville 0 @ Knoxville 1 (Knoxville won best-of-five series 1-0)

An unearned run in the bottom of the 1st inning stood up as the White Sox edged the Suns before 2,384 fans to win the SL championship. Jacksonville starting pitcher Randy Hammon hit Knoxville leadoff batter Fred Norton with a pitch. Mike Buskey then doubled to right-centre field, and Mr. Norton scored when right fielder Orestes Minoso bobbled the ball for an error. Pete Williams allowed 3 hits iin 6 2/3 innings, and Chuck Sprinkle retired the last 7 batters to earn the save. Mr. Hammon took the loss.

30 years ago
1984


Died on this date
Jerry Voorhis, 83
. U.S. politician. Mr. Voorhis, a Democrat, represented California's 12th District in the United States House of Representaives from 1937-1947. He was defeated in the 1946 election by Republican candidate Richard Nixon, becoming Mr. Nixon's first policial opponent. The 1946 campaign was the first example of the "red-baiting" methods used by Mr. Nixon in election campaigns.

Religion
Pope John Paul II spent the day in Montreal as he continued his Canadian tour.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan said that he had invited Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko to the White House in an effort to ease U.S.-U.S.S.R. tensions. Democratic party presidential candidate Walter Mondale said he was pleased that the meeting would take place, but added that it was "pathetic" that it was happening for the first time in the middle of the president’s re-election campaign.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Lambada--Kaoma (4th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx (3rd week at #1)
2 Cold Hearted--Paula Abdul
3 Don't Wanna Lose You--Gloria Estefan
4 The End of the Innocence--Don Henley
5 Hangin' Tough--New Kids on the Block
6 So Alive--Love and Rockets
7 If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher
8 On Our Own--Bobby Brown
9 Don't Look Back--Fine Young Cannibals
10 Cherish--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Another Man's Gun by Ray Lyell & the Storm (#74); Dr. Feelgood by Motley Crue (#81); Sold Me Down the River by the Alarm (#85); When I Looked at Him by Expose (#87); It's No Crime by Babyface (#88); Blow at High Dough by the Tragically Hip (#90); Hold Me in Your Arms by Rick Astley (#92); and Whatcha Do to My Body by Lee Aaron (#94).

World events
Hungary announced that the East German refugees who had been housed in temporary camps were free to leave for West Germany.

Scandal
The judicial inquiry began in St. John's, Newfoundland into alleged sexual abuse of boys by authorities at Mount Cashel orphanage.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I Swear--All-4-One (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I Swear--All-4-One (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jessica Tandy, 85
. U.K.-born U.S. actress. Miss Tandy, a renowned stage actress, won Tony Awards for Best Actress in A Streetcar Named Desire (1947); The Gin Game (1977); and Foxfire (1982). She repeated her Brodway role in the made-for-television version of Foxfire (1987), and won an Emmy Award. Miss Tandy won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her starring performance in Driving Miss Daisy (1989). She often appeared in productions with her husband Hume Cronyn.

Auto racing
CART
Jacques Villeneuve won the Wisconsin 200.

Tennis
Andre Agassi of the United States, who had entered the tournament unseeded, defeated Michael Stich of Germany in three straight sets in the finals to win his first United States Open men's singles championship.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (8-1-1) 28 @ Toronto (4-6) 18
Saskatchewan (6-4) 49 @ Winnipeg (6-4) 18

Kent Austin threw touchdown passes to Ray Alexander and Darren Flutie and rushed for a touchdown of his own as the Lions built a 27-1 lead and held on to defeat the Argonauts before 15,259 fans at SkyDome. Mike Kerrigan started at quarterback for Toronto but left the game with an injury in the 2nd quarter after being hit by B.C. linebacker Tyrone Chatman. Marvin Graves replaced Mr. Kerrigan and completed touchown passes of 8 yards to Eric Drage in the 3rd quarter and 85 yards to Jeff Fairholm in the 4th quarter.

The Roughriders, leading 10-4 at halftime, erupted for 39 points in the 2nd half to rout the Blue Bombers before 29,618 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Warren Jones started at quarterback and threw a touchdown pass to Larry Thompson in the 2nd quarter. Tom Burgess relieved Mr. Jones to start the 2nd half and threw touchdown passes to Mr. Thompson and Ray Elgaard, and handed off to Mike Saunders for 2 touchdowns, while defensive end Bobby Jurasin returned an interception 35 yards for another Saskatchewan TD. The Blue Bombers scored touchdowns on a pass from Keithen McCant to Jamie Holland in the 3rd quarter and a 3-yard rush by Blaise Bryant in the last minute of the game.

10 years ago
2004


Politics and government
Afghan Prime Minister Hamid Karzai dismissed Herat's warlord, Ismail Khan.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (8-3) 31 @ Ottawa (4-8) 13

CIS
Alberta 18 Saskatchewan 16