Saturday, May 30, 2015

May 30, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nettee Sly!

375 years ago
1640


Died on this date
Peter Paul Rubens, 62
. Flemish painter. Sir Peter Paul was known for paintings of religious and historical subjects, and especially for paintings of fat "voluptuous" women. He'd have a field day in modern Edmonton.

200 years ago
1815


Disasters
The British East Indiaman Arniston was wrecked during a storm at Waenhuiskrans, near Cape Agulhas in present-day South Africa, with the loss of 372 lives.

160 years ago
1855


Transportation
The Hamilton & South Western Railroad was founded in Hamilton, Ontario.

150 years ago
1865


Died on this date
John Catron, 79
. U.S. jurist. Mr. Catron was appointed an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States by President Andrew Jackson in 1837, and served in that position until his death.

110 years ago
1905


Canadiana
King Edward VII granted Prince Edward island its Coat of Arms.

90 years ago
1925


Died on this date
Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, 49
. German historian. Mr. Moeller van den Bruck was best known for his book Das Dritte Reich (The Third Reich) (1923), which, when translated into English, was titled Germany's Third Empire. Mr. Moeller van den Bruck's ideas greatly influenced the Conservative Revolutionary and National Socialist (Nazi) movements, but he didn't live to see the results. Mr. Moeller van den Bruck was a heavy user of drugs and went mad from syphilis; he was largely forgotten by the time he committed suicide by shooting himself.

Protest
Shanghai Municipal Police officers shot and killed 13 demonstrators in the city's International Settlement, marking the beginning of the May Thirtieth Movement.

Auto racing
Peter DePaolo won the Indianapolis 500 at an average speed of 101.127 miles per hour, becoming the first driver to finish the race in under 5 hours, and to average more than 100 mph. 22 drivers participated.

80 years ago
1935


Died on this date
Clay Weatherly, 25
. U.S. auto racing driver. He was killed in a crash on the 9th lap of the Indianapolis 500.

Auto racing
Kelly Petillo won the Indianapolis 500 at an average speed of 106.240 miles per hour (see film).

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies swept a doubleheader from the Boston Braves by scores of 11-6 and 9-3 before 18,000 fans at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. In the first game, Babe Ruth of the Braves struck out in the top of the first inning, and left the game in the bottom of the inning when he injured a knee chasing a fly ball. It was his last major league appearance.

63,943 fans jammed the Polo Grounds in New York to see the New York Giants sweep a Memorial Day doubleheader from the Brooklyn Dodgers 8-3 and 6-0. Mel Ott hit a grand slam for the Giants in the first inning of the first game, and Al Cuccinello, in his first appearance with the Giants, homered in the same inning. Roy Parmelee was the winning pitcher in the opener, while Freddie Fitzsimmons pitched a 2-hitter in the second game.

75 years ago
1940


War
Allied forces continued their escape from Dunkirk, France to Dover, England under harassment by the Germans.

Politics and government
The Belgian government-in-exile in Paris approved an order depriving King Leopold III of his throne.

The civil administration of the Netherlands was turned over to Arthur Seiss-Inquart, the Reich Commissioner.

Economics and finance
The Toronto Stock Exchange declined 25% after German military victories in Europe.

The U.S. Senate passed and sent to the House of Representatives the Hospital Construction Act, appropriating $10 million annually for rural hospital construction.

Auto racing
Wilbur Shaw won the Indianapolis 500, becoming the first driver to win the race in consecutive years, and winning for the third time in four years. Mr. Shaw’s average speed was 114.277 miles per hour; rain slowed the race, and the last 50 laps were run under caution. First prize money was $31,875 (see film).

Baseball
The New York Giants swept a Memorial Day doubleheader from the Brooklyn Dodgers 7-0 and 12-5 in 12 innings before 34,548 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn to knock the Dodgers out of first place in the National League. Carl Hubbell gave up just a single by Johnny Hudson in the 2nd inning to win the first game, while Bill Lohrman went the distance to win the second game.

70 years ago
1945


War
American University researchers estimated the total expenditures of World War II had exceeded $1 trillion so far. U.S. Marines captured Shuri Castle, the key defense point in the centre of the Japanese line in southern Okinawa. French troops took over the Syrian parliament building in Damascus as street fighting continued.

Diplomacy
The U.S. delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco agreed to some type of interim machinery to deal with functions of the League of Nations until a new world body was in operation.

Iran asked that British, Soviet, and American troops leave the country now that the war in Europe was over.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Administration estimated that the civilian meat supply would be 75% less in June than it was in May.

60 years ago
1955


On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Ronald Howard and H. Marion Crawford
Tonight's episode: The Case of the Exhumed Client

Died on this date
Bill Vukovich, 36
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Vukovich won the Indianapolis 500 in 1953 and 1954, and was leading the 1955 Indianapolis 500 on lap 57 of 200 when he plowed into a four-car tangle of wreckage immediately in front of him on the backstretch. His Hopkins Special burst into flames, and Mr. Vukovich died before members of the track safety patrol could extricate him. Another driver, Ed Elisian, stopped his car and got out and attempted to aid Mr. Vukovich, but was unsuccessful.

Auto racing
Bob Sweikert won the Indianapolis 500 at an average speed of 128.209 miles per hour. The race was marred by the death of race leader and defending champion Bill Vukovich (see film).

50 years ago
1965


Protest
Rioting broke out around Allan Gardens in Toronto after 5,000 people protested against a neo-Nazi rally.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Fox on the Run--Sweet (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Steve Prefontaine, 24
. U.S. runner. Mr. Prefontaine raced at the University of Oregon, and once held the American record in seven different distance events from the 2,000-metre run to the 10,000-metre run. He was killed in a car accident, driving home from a party, hours after winning a 5,000-metre race in Eugene, Oregon. Mr. Prefontaine has been the subject of two biographical movies (so far): Prefontaine (1997) and Without Limits (1998).

Politics and government
The Canadian Parliament voted to raise the number of Senate seats from 102 to 104, adding one new seat each for Yukon and Northwest Territories.

Baseball
Pinch hitter Willie McCovey's grand slam off relief pitcher Bob Apodaca was the big blow as the San Diego Padres scored all their runs in the 8th inning to defeat the New York Mets 6-2 before 12,208 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The grand slam was the 16th of Mr. McCovey's major league career, tying Hank Aaron's National League record.

Lou Brock singled home pinch runner Don Hahn with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 5-4 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 21,930 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Pinch hitter Richie Hebner led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a double and another pinch hitter, Ed Kirkpatrick, followed with a single to drive in Mr. Hebner with the winning run as the Pittsburgh Pirates edged the Atlanta Braves 2-1 before 11,565 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Winning pitcher Jerry Reuss pitched an 8-hit complete game, while losing pitcher Buzz Capra allowed 10 hits in 8+ innings.

Doug Konieczny pitched a 7-hitter for his first major league shutout, striking out 8 batters, as the Houston Astros blanked the Philadelphia Phillies 5-0 before 12,566 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

30 years ago
1985


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Philadelphia 3 @ Edmonton 8 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-1)

The Oilers scored 4 goals in the 1st period and coasted to victory over the Flyers at Northlands Coliseum to win their second straight Stanley Cup championship. Paul Coffey and Mark Messier each scored 2 goals for Edmonton, while Wayne Gretzky and Jarri Kurri each had a goal and 3 assists. Mr. Gretzky was awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as the most valuable player of the playoffs.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Los Angeles Lakers 109 @ Boston 102 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar scored 30 points, grabbed 17 rebounds, made 8 assists, and blocked 3 shots to lead the Lakers over the Celtics before 14,890 fans at Boston Garden. Michael Cooper added 22 points for Los Angeles, while Larry Bird led Boston with 30 points and 12 rebounds.

Baseball
Carmelo Martinez hit a three-run home run and a solo homer to lead the San Diego Padres to a 5-4 win over the Montreal Expos before 28,181 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. Winning pitcher Andy Hawkins improved his record to 10-0.

Dwight Gooden struck out 14 to lead the New York Mets to a 2-1 win over the San Francisco Giants before 10,207 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. The only Giant run came on Alex Trevino’s first home run of the season.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Black Velvet--Alannah Myles (2nd week at #1)

War
Palestinian guerrillas in speedboats sought to attack the coast of Israel. Israeli security forces captured one boat and its five-man crew, which surrendered. 11 men landed in a second boat, but four were killed and the rest captured. A radical faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization claimed responsibility for the raid, saying that it was intended as revenge for the seven Palestinians killed on May 20 by a former Israeli soldier who had gone on a rampage.

Diplomacy
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney concluded two days of meetings in Ottawa, during which they discussed a unified Germany in NATO, Soviet security concerns, and the U.S.S.R.s sanctions against Lithuania. Canadian officials announced that they would extend a line of credit to the U.S.S.R. to facilitate the purchase of goods and services by the Soviet Union. Mr. Gorbachev and his entourage, which included his wife Raisa, then flew to Washington.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that that the leading economic indicators had declined 0.2% in April. The Dow-Jones Industrial Average closed at its highest point for the month: 2878.56.

Health
The French banned imports of British beef and live cattle because of fears of mad cow disease.

Disasters
An earthquake struck northern Peru, killing at least 101 people.

20 years ago
1995


War
The United States had 7 warships and 12,000 Marines and sailors in the Adriatic Sea in order for possible service in Bosnia.

Crime
The Supreme Court of Chile unanimously upheld the sentences imposed in the 1976 bombing deaths in Washington, D.C. of Chilean opposition leader Orlando Letelier and his secretary Ronni Moffitt. In 1993, a Chilean court had sentenced General Manuel Contreras Sepulveda, former head of the secret police, to 7 years in prison, and his assistant, Brigadier General Pedro Espinoza Bravo, to 6 years, for their roles in directing the murders. It was the first time that top officials from the military regime of former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte had faced prison terms for abuses of human rights.

Politics and government
Luis Correa Mena, the National Action Party (PAN) candidate who had recently lost the Yucatan gubernatorial election to Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) candidate Victor Cervera Pacheco, said that he would challenge the result as fraudulent.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Alma Ziegler, 87
. U.S. baseball player. Miss Ziegler was a second baseman and pitcher with the Milwaukee (1944) and Grand Rapids (1945-1954) Chicks of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, batting .173 with 3 home runs and 239 runs batted in in 1,154 games, while posting a pitching record of 60-34 with an earned run average of 1.94. She played on AAGPBL championship teams in 1944 and 1947.

Popular culture
American student Natalee Holloway, 18, disappeared while on a high school graduation trip to Aruba, causing a media sensation in the United States.

Thursday, May 28, 2015

May 29, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Cathy Brown!

250 years ago
1765


Politics and government
Patrick Henry presented a series of resolutions—the Stamp Act Resolves—in the Virginia House of Burgesses, which opposed Britain's Stamp Act.

225 years ago
1790

Americana

Rhode Island entered the union as the 13th state, the last of the original colonies to ratify the Constitution.

200 years ago
1815


Economics and finance
The British government opened Canadian commerce to U.S. citizens, several months after the end of the War of 1812.

80 years ago
1935


Died on this date
Josef Suk, 61
. Czech composer. Mr. Suk, one of the leading figures among Czech modernist composers, was known for his chamber works.

Defense
The German Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter airplane made its first flight.

75 years ago
1940


War
The Canadian Parliament passed the $700-million War Appropriations Act, authorizing two more Army divisions. The bill quickly received royal assent. French warships arrived at Dunkirk and helped evacuate 47,310 Allied soldiers. German forces occupied the continental coast except for 54 miles north and south of Dunkirk.

Diplomacy
Shao Li-tsi, the new Chinese Ambassador to the U.S.S.R., left Chungking for Moscow.

Defense
The U.S. fighter aircraft Vought F4U Corsair, with Lyman Bullard at the controls, made its first flight; a hurried landing was made when the elevator trim tabs failed because of flutter.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau named Donald Nelson as director of the Treasury's Procurement Division.

The National Association of Manufacturers' board of directors announced that its members would meet defense production requirements without profiteering.

70 years ago
1945


War
Commander of the Japanese Fleet Admiral Soemu Toyada was replaced by Vice Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa. The U.S. Army Air Forces Consolidated B-32 Dominator heavy bomber flew its first combat mission, against a supply depot at Antatet in the Philippines.

Diplomacy
At the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco, the Big Five--U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., China, France--agreed that when the question of using a country's force against an aggressor arose, that country would have a vote on the issue.

U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told the House of Commons that Britain was greatly concerned over the fighting in the Levant between French forces and those of Syria and Lebanon because it was "liable to affect our lines of communications with the Far East."

Oil
The United States government sued in U.S. federal court in Los Angeles to determine whether it or California owned petroleum deposits beyond the low waterline and the three-mile limit.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter--Herman's Hermits (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: La Nuit--Salvatore Adamo (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un anno d'amore--Mina (9th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): The Last Time--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Long Live Love--Sandie Shaw

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ticket to Ride--The Beatles
2 Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys
3 Back in My Arms Again--The Supremes
4 Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter--Herman's Hermits
5 Wooly Bully--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
6 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
7 Count Me In--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
8 Silhouettes--Herman's Hermits
9 Just a Little--The Beau Brummels
10 Just Once in My Life--The Righteous Brothers

Singles entering the chart were Summer Sounds by Robert Goulet (#79); Temptation 'Bout to Get Me by the Knight Brothers (#81); What's He Doing in My World by Eddy Arnold (#82); Bring a Little Sunshine (To My Heart) by Vic Dana (#83); You Really Know How to Hurt a Guy by Jan & Dean (#86); Tell Her (You Love Her Every Day) by Frank Sinatra (#87); Give Us Your Blessings by the Shangri-Las (#88); Cara, Mia by Jay & the Americans (#89); Tonight's the Night by Solomon Burke (#94); Boot-Leg by Booker T. and the MG's (#95); Seventh Son by Johnny Rivers (#96); Is This What I Get for Loving You? by the Ronettes (#97); Take the Time by Johnny Mathis (#98); and Girl on the Billboard by Del Reeves (#99).

Space
At Cape Kennedy, Florida, the United States launched Interplanetary Monitoring Platform-C (IMP-C), the third of seven designed to look for radiation storms in space.

40 years ago
1975


Track and field
A group of travelling Finnish athletes took part in an NCAA Prep meet at Hayward Field on the campus of the University of Oregon in Eugene. The meet included a men's 5,000-metre run, which was won by Steve Prefontaine of the University of Oregon. The Finnish and American athletes attended a party that night, and Mr. Prefontaine was killed in a car accident while driving home early the next day.

Baseball
The New York Mets signed pitcher Gary Gentry, recently released by the Atlanta Braves. Mr. Gentry had pitched with the Mets from 1969-1972, and was a member of their World Series championship team in 1969. He was assigned to the Jackson Mets of the AA Texas League.

Elliott Maddox batted 4 for 5 with a double, triple, run, and 4 runs batted in to lead the New York Yankees to a 7-5 win over the Texas Rangers before 12,827 fans at Arlington Stadium. Mr. Maddox's double drove in Sandy Alomar and Bobby Bonds in the top of the 9th inning to break a 5-5 tie.

30 years ago
1985


Canadiana
One-legged runner Steve Fonyo arrived in Victoria to complete a 1,400-mile run across Canada to raise money for cancer research, finishing the run that Terry Fox had begun in 1980, but was unable to complete because of the cancer that took his life.

Disasters
British hooligans rooting for the Liverpool soccer club stormed a section of stands filled with fans of the Juventus team from Turin, Italy, during the European Cup final at Heysel Stadium in Brussels. A concrete retaining wall collapsed and 39 people were crushed or trampled to death--32 of them Italians--and more than 400 were injured. It was the worst sports riot on record.

25 years ago
1990


Diplomacy
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev began two days of meetings in Ottawa with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

Politics and government
Boris Yeltsin was elected President of the Russian Republic, largest and most important of the 15 Soviet republics, by the Duma on the third ballot. Mr. Yeltsin was an advocate of radical reforms and had called for economic and political sovereignty for Russia and for the U.S.S.R. to be turned into a loose confederation of republics.

Abominations
In a free vote, new abortion legislation passed in Canada’s House of Commons by a vote of 140-131. The bill would permit abortions providing that a single doctor believed that the physical, mental, or psychological health of the mother was threatened by continuation of the pregnancy. It also provided for a two-year prison term for doctors who ignored the law or women who lied about their health. The compromise legislation was attacked by groups on both sides of the issue. Several groups said that they would challenge the constitutional validity of the bill if it was passed by the Senate and became law.

Baseball
The New York Mets, with a record of 20-22, fired manager Davey Johnson, who was in his sixth season managing the team. Mr. Johnson had managed the Mets to a World Series win in 1986, and had a winning percentage with the Mets of .593. He was replaced by Bud Harrelson.

In a 2-1 loss to the Toronto Blue Jays before 25,255 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, Rickey Henderson of the Oakland Athletics stole the 893rd base of his major league career, moving into second place on the list past Ty Cobb and behind Lou Brock. Mr. Henderson scored the only Oakland run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning when he tripled and scored on a single by Carney Lansford.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Scream/Childhood--Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
2 No More "I Love You's"--Annie Lennox
3 Lightning Crashes--Live
4 Can't Stop Lovin' You--Van Halen
5 Believe--Elton John
6 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
7 I Know--Dionne Farris
8 It's Good to Be King--Tom Petty
9 Connection--Elastica
10 Wonderdrug--Jann Arden

Singles entering the chart were I Believe by Rhymes with Orange (#83); Somebody's Crying by Chris Isaak (#89); River of Deceit by Mad Season (#92); My Love is for Real by Paula Abdul (#94); and Can't Cry Anymore by Sheryl Crow (#95).

Environment
A scientific panel's report on Clayoquot Sound offered more than 100 recommendations for logging in the area on the west coast of Vancouver Island.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
George Rochberg, 86
. U.S. composer. Mr. Rochberg wrote six symphonies, but is perhaps best known for his seven string quartets.

John D'Amico, 67. Canadian hockey official. Mr. D'Amico was an official in the National Hockey League from 1964-1987. He began as a referee, but after 19 games, became a linesman for the remaining 1,750 regular season games of his career. Mr. D'Amico served as a supervisor of officials after his on-ice career ended. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1993. Mr. D'Amico died after a long battle with leukemia.

Politics and government
French voters soundly rejected the European Union's proposed constitution.

Auto racing
Dan Wheldon won the Indianapolis 500. Danica Patrick, a rookie, started and finished 4th, the best showing ever in the race by a female driver.

Wednesday, May 27, 2015

May 28, 2015

170 years ago
1845


Disasters
Fire destroyed two-thirds of Quebec City plus the suburbs of St-Roch and St-Jean, with 1,500 houses destroyed.

110 years ago
1905


War
The Battle of Tsushima in the Strait of Tsushima between Korea and Japan ended with the destruction of the Russian Baltic Fleet by Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō and the Imperial Japanese Navy.

80 years ago
1935

Baseball

The Cincinnati Reds beat the Boston Braves 13-4 at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Babe Ruth batted 0 for 2 for the Braves with a base on balls and a run scored.

75 years ago
1940


War
A Gallup Poll revealed that Americans opposed entry into the European war by a 13-1 margin. Belgian King Leopold III unconditionally surrendered his troops to Germany at 3 A.M., ending the Battle of Belgium. The Belgian government-in-exile in Paris, led by Prime Minister Habort Pierlot, declared the King's surrender illegal and unconstitutional, and resolved to continue the war. Norwegian, French, Polish and British forces recaptured Narvik, Norway for the first allied infantry victory of the war. Japanese bombers again inflicted heavy damage on Chungking.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt named a seven-member National Defense Advisory Commission headed by William Knudsen and Edward Stettinius.

The U.S. administration of President Roosevelt and congressional leaders were reportedly in agreement on a $700-million defense tax measure.

Politics and government
New Jersey delegates to the Republican National Convention were reportedly split in their support for New York City District Attorney Thomas Dewey as the Republican Party's candidate for President of the United States in the November 1940 election.

Law
The United States Senate passed and sent to the House of Representatives a bill authorizing the U.S. attorney general to appoint a five-member commission to prepare a new code of law for the District of Columbia.

Economics and finance
The sale of a seat on the New York Stock Exchange fell to the lowest price since 1915: $38,000.

70 years ago
1945


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Dance of Death

This was the last episode of the season.

War
U.S. Superfortresses made their first raid on Yokohama, dropping 3,200 tons of incendiary bombs; Japan reported 60,000 homes destroyed in the attack. U.S. troops in the Philippines captured the remaining fortifications of the Shimbu Line east of Manila.

World events
Nobel Prize-winning author Knut Hamsun and his wife were arrested in Grimstad, Norway on allegations of having made pro-Nazi statements during the German occupation of Norway.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Edward Stettinius outlined the major aims of U.S. policy, which included preventing Germany and Japan from being able to wage another war, and helping to remove the economic and social causes of war.

U.S. presidential envoy Harry Hopkins and Soviet dicator Josef Stalin met alone in Moscow, each expressing concerns over the other country's policies: Soviet actions in Poland and U.S. termination of Lend-Lease.

The U.S. State Department removed Albania, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Danzig, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, and Yugoslavia from the category of "enemy territory," permitting resumption of commercial relations.

Politics and government
Brazilian President Getulio Vargas set general elections for December 12, 1945.

Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmoud Fahmy Nokrashy said that his country supported the independence movements in Syria and Lebanon.

The United States Senate rejected an annual $2,500 expense account for its members, but voted to let the House of Representatives do as it would in the matter.

Protest
Street fighting between French and Syrians broke out in Hama and spread to Homs, 30 miles to the south.

Defense
A U.S. Senate committee postponed until six months after Japan's defeat courts-martial on the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Melody of Love--The Four Aces; Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Stranger in Paradise--Tony Bennett (4th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra (Best Seller--5th week at #1; Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1); Dance with Me Henry (Wallflower)--Georgia Gibbs (Jukebox--3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Unchained Melody--Les Baxter and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
--Al Hibbler
--Roy Hamilton
2 Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
--Alan Dale
3 The Ballad of Davy Crockett--Bill Hayes
--Fess Parker
--Tennessee Ernie Ford
4 Dance with Me Henry (Wallflower)--Georgia Gibbs
5 Honey-Babe--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
6 Whatever Lola Wants--Sarah Vaughan
7 A Blossom Fell--Nat "King" Cole
8 (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets
9 Don't Be Angry--The Crew-Cuts
--Nappy Brown
10 The Crazy Otto--Johnny Maddox and the Rhythmasters

Singles entering the chart were Rollin' Stone (#32)/Playmates (#48) by the Fontane Sisters; Smack Dab in the Middle by the Mills Brothers (#38); Chee Chee-Oo Chee (Sang the Little Bird) by Perry Como and Jaye P. Morgan (#40); Johnny's Medley by Johnny Maddox and the Rhythmasters (#47); and Bo Diddley, with versions by Joe Reisman and his Orchestra and Bo Diddley (#50).

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
2 Silhouettes--Herman's Hermits
3 Hush, Hush, Sweet Charlotte--Patti Page
4 Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys
5 Ticket to Ride--The Beatles
6 Concrete and Clay--Unit Four Plus Two
7 Engine Engine #9--Roger Miller
8 Count Me In--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
9 Voodoo Woman--Bobby Goldsboro
10 Reelin' and Rockin'--The Dave Clark Five
Pick hit of the week: You Really Know How to Hurt a Guy--Jan & Dean
New this week: I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)--The Four Tops
From the Bottom of My Heart--The Moody Blues
Just Dance on By--Eydie Gorme
Cara, Mia--Jay & the Americans
Trains and Boats and Planes--Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas

Aviation
Thomas Scheer, 42, of Langley, British Columbia and three other Canadians completed the first unescorted transatlantic helicopter flight, a 6,400-kilometre, 15-day journey from Stratford, Connecticut to Prestwick, Scotland in a 26-seat amphibian Sikorsky. The longest single hop was 640 km, from Greenland to Reykjavik Iceland.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Ezzard Charles, 53
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Charles was world heavyweight champion from 1949-1951. Mr. Charles began his professional career in 1940, fighting as a light heavyweight before moving up to the heavyweight division. When Joe Louis retired as champion in 1949, Mr. Charles won the title with a 15-round decision over Jersey Joe Walcott. He won a decision over Mr. Louis when the former champion came out of retirement, and also won another decision over Mr. Walcott. Mr. Walcott finally won the title from Mr. Charles with a 7th-round knockout in 1951, and decisioned Mr. Charles again in their fourth title fight. Mr. Charles fought Rocky Marciano for the title twice in 1954, losing in a 15-round decision and an 8th-round knockout. Mr. Charles was forced to continue fighting for several more years because of financial problems, and he retired in 1959 with a record of 93-25-1. Mr. Charles died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease).

Margaret Wright. Canadian schoolteacher. John Slinger, 17; Michael Slobodian, 16. Canadian students. In Canada's first mass school shooting, Mr. Slobodian, a student at Brampton Centennial Secondary School in Brampton, Ontario, killed Mr. Slinger and Mrs. Wright and wounded 13 others before fatally shooting himself in a hallway.

Economics and finance
15 West African countries signed the Treaty of Lagos, creating the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) .

Baseball
The Atlanta Braves traded pitcher Ron Reed and a player to be named later to the St. Louis Cardinals for pitchers Elias Sosa and Ray Sadecki. Mr. Reed had a record of 4-5 with an earned run average of 4.22 in 10 games with Atlanta in 1975; Mr. Sosa was 0-3 with a 3.95 ERA in 14 games with St. Louis, while Mr. Sadecki was 1-0 with a 3.27 ERA in 8 games with the Cardinals.

Gary Nolan allowed just 2 hits in pitching his first shutout in three years as the Cincinnati Reds blanked the Montreal Expos 6-0 before 16,480 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati in the Wednesday Expos Baseball telecast on CBC. The only Montreal hits were doubles by Pepe Mangual and Rich Coggins.

Luis Melendez singled home Lou Brock with 2 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 6-5 win over the San Diego Padres before 11,690 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Bill Bonham batted 2 for 2 with a run scored and another batted in, but failed to get credit as the winning pitcher for the Chicago Cubs as they edged the Atlanta Braves 5-4 before 10,085 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Mr. Bonham scored the first of 4 Chicago runs in the 3rd inning and singled home Manny Trillo with the eventual winning run in the 4th, but ran into trouble in the 5th, and was removed after 4 2/3 innings, 1 out short of the number required for a starting pitcher to get credit for a win. Oscar Zamora, who allowed just 1 hit and no runs in 4 innings, was the winning pitcher.

Bobby Bonds hit a pair of 2-run home runs and Rudy May pitched a 6-hit complete game victory as the New York Yankees beat the Kansas City Royals 6-2 before 10,108 fans at Royals Stadium.

Bill Lee pitched a 4-hit complete game to win a pitchers' duel over Ferguson Jenkins, who also pitched a complete game as the Boston Red Sox beat the Texas Rangers 4-1 before 8,091 fans at Arlington Stadium.

Vida Blue pitched a 4-hit shutout and improved his 1975 record to 9-2 as the Oakland Athletics blanked the Baltimore Orioles 5-0 before 4,094 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Losing pitcher Mike Torrez allowed just 4 hits in 8 innings in also pitching a complete game, but surrendered home runs by Sal Bando, Billy Williams, and Reggie Jackson.

Jim Hughes allowed 7 hits in pitching a complete game for his sixth straight win, improving his record for the season to 6-1, as the Minnesota Twins defeated the Detroit Tigers 5-2 before 9,675 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Buddy Bell and John Lowenstein each hit home runs and batted in 3 runs as the Cleveland Indians defeated the California Angels 9-2 before 11,309 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Eric Raich pitched 7 2/3 innings for his first major league win, while Nolan Ryan allowed 7 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 7 innings in losing his second straight decision, dropping to 8-3 for the year.

25 years ago
1990


Diplomacy
United Nations Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar, on a visit to Ottawa, thanked Canada for her support of the United Nations. He discussed security issues with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, who signed the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Shut Up (and Sleep with Me)--Sin with Sebastian (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Irfan Ljubijankić, 42
. Bosnian politician. Mr. Ljubijankić, Bosnia's Foreign Minister since 1993, was killed along with five others when their helicopter was downed by Serb forces.

Disasters
The Russian town of Neftegorsk was hit by a 7.6-magnitude earthquake that killed at least 2,000 people, half of the total population.

Auto racing
Jacques Villeneuve became the first Canadian driver to win the Indianapolis 500. Fellow Canadian Scott Goodyear was leading late in the race when he was penalized for driving too fast while preparing for a return to a green flag while still under a caution. Mr. Goodyear ignored the penalty, and race officials stopped counting him with 5 laps remaining. Mr. Villeneuve was 2 laps behind the rest of the field at one point before coming back to win. This was the last Indianapolis 500 before the political dispute in open-wheel racing that resulted in the creation of the Indy Racing League in 1996.

Tuesday, May 26, 2015

May 27, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rita!

175 years ago
1840


Died on this date
Niccolò Paganini, 57
. Italian musician and composer. Mr. Paganini was the most famous violinist of his time, and his technique and compositions have influenced violinists to this day.

130 years ago
1885

Baseball

The New York Giants whipped the Buffalo Bisons 24-0 at the Polo Grounds in New York. Winning pitcher Mickey Welch pitched a 5-hitter and scored 5 runs. Every New York player got a hit and scored a run.

110 years ago
1905


War
The Battle of Tsushima began between the navies of Russia and Japan in the Strait of Tsushima between Korea and Japan.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Herman Wouk!
The U.S. author is best known for the novels The Caine Mutiny (1951); The Winds of War (1971); and War and Remembrance (1978).

80 years ago
1935


Law
The Supreme Court of the United States, in A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, (295 U.S. 495), declared the National Industrial Recovery Act to be unconstitutional.

75 years ago
1940


War
German planes inflicted heavy losses on British forces evacuating Dunkirk, France. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's forces cut off nearly half of the French forces in Flanders in small pockets around Lille.

Abominations
In the Le Paradis massacre, 99 soldiers from a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit were shot after surrendering to German troops; 2 survived.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Jay Pierpoint Moffat as U.S. minister to Canada.

Mexican President Lazaro Cardenas reaffirmed his nation's neutrality in international affairs.

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee began preparation of new tax measures for defense purposes.

Labour
The United States Senate passed and sent to the House of Representatives a civil liberties bill devised by Sen. Bob La Follette, Jr. (Progressive--Wisconsin) that would bar use of certain tactics, such as employment of strikebreakers, against labour.

Sport
New York Yankees' center fielder Joe DiMaggio received the Golden Laurel as the outstanding U.S. athlete of 1939.

70 years ago
1945


War
American troops in the Philippines captured Santa Fe, the mountain key to Japanese positions defending the entrance to the Cagayan Valley in northern Luzon. Chinese forces took Nanning, 470 miles south of Chungking.

Economics and finance
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Director Herbert Lehman said that 1.25 million tons of relief supplies would have to be shipped to Europe by the end of June 1945.

The U.S. War Production Board outlined a policy for "partial reconversion" of the United Statesin the midst of "partial demobilization,"which included an end to production restrictions.

U.S. Commerce Secretary Henry Wallace approved a department report recommending increased exemption from the excess profits tax and total repeal soon after the war was won in the Pacific theatre.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cherry Pink (and Apple Blossom White)--Eddie Calvert

Politics and government
The Conservative Party, led by Prime Minister Anthony Eden, won a majority of seats in the House of Commons in the British general election. The Conservatives won 324 of 630 seats, and with their associates, they won a majority of 60 seats.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Long Live Love--Sandie Shaw

War
American warships began the first bombardment of National Liberation Front targets within South Vietnam.

Canadiana
The governments of Ontario and Quebec announced a plan for a $10-million provincial park along the Ottawa River from Carillon, Ontario to Hull, Quebec as a federal-provincial Centennial project.

40 years ago
1975


War
Eight days of fighting in Lebanon between Palestinian guerrillas and Christian Phalangist militia had left more than 130 dead in Beirut, causing a government crisis.

Oil
U.S. President Gerald Ford announced a second price increase of $1 per barrel on imported crude oil, effective June 1, 1975.

Disasters
The Dibbles Bridge Coach Crash near Grassington, in North Yorkshire, England, killed 33 – the highest ever death toll in a road accident in the United Kingdom.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Philadelphia 2 @ Buffalo 0 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Bob Kelly scored 11 seconds into the 3rd period and Bill Clement scored on a breakaway with 2:47 remaining as the Flyers blanked the Sabres before 15,863 fans at War Memorial Auditorium for their second straight Stanley Cup championship. Philadelphia goalie Bernie Parent made 32 saves and was awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as the most valuable player of the playoffs. Buffalo goalie Roger Crozier made 29 saves. It was the final game for Philadelphia defenceman Ted Harris, who had played on four Stanley Cup championship teams with the Montreal Canadiens in the 1960s, and was concluding his only season with the Flyers.

WHA
The World Hockey Association announced that the Chicago Cougars franchise had been suspended after three years of existence. The Cougars had played their home games at the International Amphitheatre, and the lack of a better facility was the main factor in the decision of the WHA to fold the franchise. The WHA absorbed the players for future disposition, and they ended up going to the Denver Spurs when they entered the league for the following season. The Cougars had a good playoff run in their second season, but in 1974-75 they finished third in the Eastern Division with a record of 30-47-1 and missed the playoffs.

Baseball
Lou Brock hit for the cycle as the St. Louis Cardinals beat the San Diego Padres 7-1 before 10,060 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Winning pitcher Bob Forsch pitched a 5-hit complete game and had 2 singles, 2 runs, and a run batted in.

Phil Niekro pitched a 7-hit complete game and singled and scored a run as the Atlanta Braves beat the Chicago Cubs 7-2 before 10,731 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Chicago starting pitcher Rick Reuschel hit his first major league home run in the bottom of the 6th inning, but was knocked out of the box in the top of the 7th.

The Philadelphia Phillies made 5 errors, including one that set up the game's only run, as they lost 1-0 to the San Francisco Giants in 10 innings before 18,735 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. With 1 out in the top of the 10th, Von Joshua singled and advanced to third base on an error by center fielder Jerry Martin before scoring on a single by pinch hitter Glenn Adams. Winning pitcher John Montefusco allowed just 5 hits in 10 innings.

Jim Wynn hit 2 home runs and winning pitcher Burt Hooton doubled home a run as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the New York Mets 10-4 before 20,538 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Hooton pitched a 6-hit complete game.

Milwaukee Brewers' manager Del Crandall allowed his players to pick the team's batting order out of a hat, and they responded with a 9-8 win over the Chicago White Sox before 12,066 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Leadoff hitter and designated hitter Bobby Mitchell hit a 3-run home run for Milwaukee, while Hank Aaron, playing left field instead of his usual role as designated hitter, drove in 2 runs.

Al Fitzmorris pitched a 3-hit shutout to win a pitchers' duel against Catfish Hunter as the Kansas City Royals blanked the New York Yankees 3-0 before 20,592 fans at Royals Stadium. Mr. Hunter allowed 6 hits and 3 earned runs in 8 innings in pitching a complete game.

The Minnesota Twins scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning to complete a comeback from a 5-0 deficit as they edged the Detroit Tigers 6-5 before 8,764 fans at Tiger Stadium. Detroit center fielder Ron LeFlore hit an inside-the-park home run in the 5th inning.

Joe Neal pitched a no-hitter for the Salem Pirates of the Carolina League as they edged the Anderson Rangers of the Western Carolinas League in an interlocking game in Anderson, South Carolina. Mr. Neal walked 3 batters and struck out 12. An unearned run in the 2nd inning provided the only scoring.

30 years ago
1985

Hockey

NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Philadelphia 3 @ Edmonton 5 (Edmonton led best-of-five series 3-1)

Wayne Gretzky scored 2 goals as the Oilers came back from a 3-1 deficit to defeat the Flyers at Northlands Coliseum.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Los Angeles Lakers 114 @ Boston 148 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Kevin McHale and Scott Wedman each scored 26 points as the Celtics routed the Lakers before 14,890 fans at Boston Garden in the "Memorial Day Massacre." Mr. Wedman was successful on all 11 of his field goal attempts. Los Angeles center Kareem Abdul-Jabbar scored just 12 points.

25 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Robert B. Meyner, 81
. U.S. politician. Mr. Meyner, a Democrat, was Governor of New Jersey from 1954-1962.

Politics and government
Cesar Gaviria Trujillo, the nominee of the ruling Liberal Party and an opponent of the drug cartels, was elected President of Colombia. 2,000 people, including three presidential candidates, had been killed during the campaign, and the threat of more violence had kept the turnout down to 46%. Mr. Gaviria, a former minister of finance and minister of government, received 48% of the vote, and was the only one of the four surviving candidates to support extraditing drug traffickers to the United States, while the other candidates advocated negotiating with drug traffickers. In his victory speech, Mr. Gaviria vowed to end terrorism, and he criticized industrialized countries for not doing enough to reduce drug consumption.

Protest
Civil unrest began flaring up in Armenia.

Auto racing
Arie Luyendyk won the Indianapolis 500. His average speed of 185.981 miles per hour was a record that stood until 2013.

Baseball
John Smoltz of the Atlanta Braves came within 2 outs of a no-hitter before giving up a double to Len Dykstra. Mr. Smoltz finished with a 2-hitter as the Braves beat the Philadelphia Phillies 6-1 before 27,139 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Mouth--Merril Bainbridge (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Sarajevo's børn - Gi dem et håb--Various artists (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Scatman (Ski Ba Bop Ba Dop Bop)--Scatman John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Scatman (Ski Ba Bop Ba Dop Bop)--Scatman John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan (7th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men
2 This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan
3 I Know--Dionne Farris
4 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
5 Freak Like Me--Adina Howard
6 I Believe--Blessid Union of Souls
7 Red Light Special--TLC
8 Candy Rain--Soul for Real
9 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
10 I'll Be There for You/You're All I Need to Get By--Method Man featuring Mary J. Blige

Singles entering the chart were I Can Love You Like That by All-4-One (#54); Best Friend by Brandy (#56); Crazy Love by Brian McKnight (#70); Emotions by H-Town (#73); Misery by Soul Asylum (#77); and I Saw You Dancing by Yaki-Da (#91).

War
Two French United Nations peacekeepers were killed when their unit clashed with Serbs over control of a bridge in Sarajevo.

Popular culture
Actor Christopher Reeve was paralyzed from the neck down after falling from his horse in a riding competition in Culpeper, Virginia.

May 26, 2015

150 years ago
1865


War
General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of the Confederate Trans-Mississippi division, became the last full general of the Confederate Army to surrender to Union forces, at Galveston, Texas.

80 years ago
1935


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC

This was the last episode of the season, and the last for Mr. Lovell as Dr. Watson; Harry West played the role when the series resumed in February 1936.

Baseball
Babe Ruth Day was celebrated at Crosley Field in Cincinnati as the Reds beat Mr. Ruth and the Boston Braves 6-3 before 24,360 fans. The Babe, playing his only complete game as a Brave, batted 0 for 4 with 3 strikeouts.

75 years ago
1940


War
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler ordered panzers to resume their advance against Dunkirk, France. Viscount Gort, commander of the British Expeditionary Force, was told to fall back on the Channel coast and prepare for evacuation. In the evening, the evacuation of troops from Dunkirk began on the order of the British cabinet. The Siege of Calais ended with the surrender of the British and French garrison. The heaviest Japanese air assault yet upon Chungking caused 200 deaths.

Politics and government
N.Z. Prime Minister Peter Fraser announced the creation of a National War Council.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt castigated isolationists in a fireside radio chat and defended his plan for a large increase in defense spending. A Gallup Poll reported that 86% of Americans supported Mr. Roosevelt's request for an additional $1 billion from Congress in military spending.

Economics and finance
The Brookings Institute reported the results of a two-year study showing that U.S. President Roosevelt's New Deal economic policies were responsible for the lag in capital investment.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sentimental Journey--Les Brown and his Band of Renown

War
Supreme Allied Commander In Europe U.S. Army General Dwight Eisenhower moved his headquarters from Reims, France to an office building in Frankfurt, Germany. About 500 Marianas-based U.S. Superfortresses dropped 4,000 tons of incendiary bombs on Tokyo. Japanese radio reported that the city had been "scorched to the ground" by the raid and subsequent firestorm. Chinese troops north of Foochow drove toward Saipu to check Japanese forces that had landed there.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco widened the powers of the proposed General Assembly by requiring the Security Council to report to the Assembly on all matters of peace and international security.

British Prime Minister Winston Churchill said that he may have to leave the country for a "Big Three" meeting with U.S. President Harry Truman and U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin before the coming British general election.

World events
Deposed Norwegian dictator Vidkun Quisling was arraigned in Oslo and pled "not guilty" to charges of treason.

Exploration
A British Royal Air Force party reported finding the true magnetic North Pole in the Sverdup Islands of the U.S.S.R.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives voted to extend and broaden the reciprocal trade program, defeating all Republican Party amendments.

50 years ago
1965


At the movies
Mirage, starring Gregory Peck, Diane Baker, and Walter Matthau, opened in theatres.

40 years ago
1975


Baseball
Dick Allen's ground ball with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th inning got past third baseman Ed Goodson for an error, allowing Larry Bowa to score the game's only run, as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the San Francisco Giants 1-0 before 15,693 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. San Francisco pitcher Ed Halicki, who pitched a complete game, had retired 21 straight batters before Mr. Bowa singled with 2 out and advanced to second base on a wild pickoff attempt by Mr. Halicki. Tug McGraw, who pitched 3 1/3 innings in relief of Wayne Twitchell, was credited with the win.

Pinch hitter Wayne Garrett hit a 3-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the New York Mets a 6-3 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 34,502 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Garrett was batting for Tom Seaver, who improved his record for the season to 6-4. Andy Messermith pitched complete game in taking his first loss of the season after winning his first 7 decisions.

Gene Tenace's third hit and fifth run batted in of the game, a single with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th inning, scored Joe Rudi with the winning run as the Oakland Athletics edged the Baltimore Orioles 6-5 before 42,358 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

Bucky Dent and Brian Downing hit consecutive home runs with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to give the Chicago White Sox a 4-2 win over the Milwaukee Brewers before 16,343 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Jim Kaat pitched 8 1/3 innings to get the win and improve his 1975 record to 8-1. Jim Colborn pitched a complete game in taking the loss, dropping to 0-3.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): We are the World--USA for Africa (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Éthiopie--Chanteurs sans Frontières

#1 single in Switzerland: We are the World--USA for Africa (4th week at #1)

Auto racing
Danny Sullivan spun completely around on the track on the 120th lap, but recovered to win the Indianapolis 500, 2.4 seconds ahead of Mario Andretti.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Vogue/Keep it Together--Madonna (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Vattene Amore--Amedeo Minghi; Mietta

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Vogue--Madonna (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): What's a Woman?--Vaya con Dios

#1 single in France (SNEP): Sacrifice--Elton John

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones

#1 single in the U.K.: Killer--Adamski featuring Seal (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Vogue--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Vogue--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
2 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
3 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
4 Alright--Janet Jackson
5 Poison--Bell Biv DeVoe
6 Sending All My Love--Linear
7 Nothing Compares to U--Sinead O’Connor
8 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
9 I Wanna Be Rich--Calloway
10 This Old Heart of Mine--Rod Stewart (with Ronald Isley)

Singles entering the chart were Step by Step by New Kids on the Block (#50); When I'm Back on My Feet Again by Michael Bolton (#58); Don't Go Away Mad (Just Go Away) by Motley Crue (#60); You Can't Deny It by Lisa Stansfield (#67); Pure by Lightning Seeds (#81); Got to Tell Me Something by Ana (#88); and King of Wishful Thinking by Go West (#91). Both Mr. Stewart and Mr. Isley had recorded earlier hit versions of This Old Heart of Mine. The Isley Brothers’ version had reached #12 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the U.S.A. in 1966, while Mr. Stewart’s version had reached #4 in the U.K. and #41 in Germany in 1976, although it hit only #83 in the U.S. and failed to chart in Canada. King of Wishful Thinking was from the movie Pretty Woman (1990).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Nothing Compares to U--Sinead O’Connor (4th week at #1)
2 This Old Heart of Mine--Rod Stewart with Ronald Isley
3 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
4 Vogue--Madonna
5 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
6 All Around the World--Lisa Stansfield
7 Alright--Janet Jackson
8 Save Me--Fleetwood Mac
9 How Can We Be Lovers--Michael Bolton
10 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette

Singles entering the chart were She Ain't Pretty by the Northern Pikes (#60); Dare to Fall in Love by Brent Bourgeois (#63); Take it to Heart by Michael McDonald (#68); I Think I Love You Too Much by the Jeff Healey Band (#73); Drop the Needle by Maestro Fresh-Wes (#78); Two Girls in One by The Pursuit of Happiness (#81); Ready or Not by After 7 (#83); Stealin' Fire by Lorraine Segato (#89); and Moonlight on Water by Laura Branigan (#93).

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Friz Freleng, 88
. U.S. animator. Isidore Freleng directed 266 cartoons for Warner Brothers studios from the 1930s through the 1960s, and won four Academy Awards. He created and/or developed such characters as Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Tweety Bird, Sylvester the Cat, Yosemite Sam, and Speedy Gonzales.

War
North Atlantic Treaty Organization planes concluded two days of bombing a weapons depot near Pale, capital of the Bosnian Serbs.

Politics and government
The U.S. Senate Labor and Human Relations Committee voted 9-7 in favour of Dr. Henry Foster, President Bill Clinton's nominee as Surgeon General of the United States. Two Republican members of the committee joined with seven Democrats in voting in favour of Dr. Foster.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Eddie Albert, 99
. U.S. actor. Mr. Albert, born Edward Albert Heimberger, appeared in numerous plays, movies, and television programs in a career that spanned about 60 years. He was probably best known as the star of the television comedy series Green Acres (1965-1971).

Chico Carrasquel, 77. Venezuelan baseball player. Mr. Carrasquel was a shortstop with the Chicago White Sox (1950-1955); Cleveland Indians (1956-1958); Kansas City Athletics (1958); and Baltimore Orioles (1959), batting .258 with 55 home runs and 474 runs batted in in 1,325 games. He was the first Latin American to play in a major league all-star game, starting for the American League in 1951, 1953, and 1954, and playing as a reserve in 1955. Mr. Carrasquel was known for his defensive ability, and once played 53 consecutive games without making an error--a record for shortstops that stood until 1969.

Monday, May 25, 2015

May 25, 2015

1,400 years ago
615


Died on this date
Boniface IV, 65 (?)
. Roman Catholic Pope, 608-615. Boniface IV succeeded Boniface III; he was succeeded in turn by Adeodatus I.

150 years ago
1865


Born on this date
Pieter Zeeman
. Dutch physicist. Dr. Zeeman shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Hendrik Lorentz "in recognition of the extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena." The Zeeman effect--the effect of splitting a spectral line into several components in the presence of a static magnetic field--was named in his honour. Dr. Zeeman died on October 9, 1943 at the age of 78.

John R. Mott. U.S. religious leader. Mr. Mott supported Protestant ecumenical missionary work, and especially supported efforts that promoted peace. He was a longtime leader of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) and World Student Christian Federation (WSCF). Mr. Mott shared the 1946 Nobel Peace Prize with Emily Balch, Honorary International President of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Mr. Mott was known for the slogan "The Evangelization of the World in this Generation." He died on January 31, 1955 at the age of 89.

Disasters
300 people were killed when an ordnance depot exploded in Mobile, Alabama.

125 years ago
1890

Disasters

After an American Association baseball game between the Louisville Colonels and Syracuse Stars at Three Rivers Park in Three Rivers, New York, part of the grandstand collapsed, throwing 50 or more people to the ground. No deaths were reported, but many were injured. Louisville won the game 13-12.

120 years ago
1895


Asiana
The Republic of Formosa was formed, with Tang Ching-sung as President.

Scandal
Alfred Taylor and playwright, poet, and novelist Oscar Wilde were convicted of "committing acts of gross indecency with other male persons" and sentenced to serve two years in prison. The charges followed Mr. Wilde's recent unsuccessful suit for libel against the Marquess of Queensberry.

100 years ago
1915


War
The Second Battle of Ypres in Belgium concluded in a stalemate.

90 years ago
1925


Law
High school teacher John Scopes was indicted for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution in violation of a Tennessee state law.

80 years ago
1935


Literature
The May 25, 1935 edition of Collier's included A Ray of Light, fifth of the Mr. Wong stories by Hugh Wiley.

Track and field
In the space of an hour during the Big Ten championships in Ann Arbor, Michigan, Jesse Owens of Ohio State University became a national celebrity as he broke three world records--broad jump, 220-yard dash and 220-yard hurdles--and tied another, in the 100-yard dash.

Baseball
Babe Ruth hit his last 3 home runs and added a single, but it wasn’t enough as his Boston Braves lost 11-7 to the Pirates at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The Babe’s first home run of the day came in the 1st inning, into the lower tier in right field off Red Lucas, with Bill Urbanski on base. In the 3rd, he hit one into the upper tier in right, again with Mr. Urbanski on base. In the 5th inning, Mr. Ruth lined a hard single off Mr. Bush to drive in a run. In the 7th, pitching with the bases empty, Mr. Bush threw a slow curve that the Babe hit 50 feet over the right field stands for his 714th and last career major league home run. It was the first ball ever hit over the right field roof at Forbes Field, and travelled an estimated 600 feet after bouncing off the roofs of two houses and landing in the yard of another house, where it was picked up by a boy. Mr. Bush said he never saw a ball hit so hard. Oddly, it was only the second time in his career that Babe Ruth had hit 3 home runs in a regular season game.

75 years ago
1940


War
The German 2nd Panzer Division captured the port of Boulogne-sur-Mer; the surrender of the last French and British troops marked the end of the Battle of Boulogne. German forces tightened their grip on the pocket of Allied troops in Flanders. Belgian forces tried to form a new defense line along the Lys River.

World events
The Turkish government declared a state of emergency.

Defense
The U.S.A. opened a consulate in Godthaab, Greenland as an observation post and counter against possible German intervention there.

U.S. Army Brigadier General George Strong reported the development of a secret device capable of detecting aircraft up to 15 minutes away.

Labour
American Federation of Labor President William Green told a labour meeting in Hartford, Connecticut that the American people should "not underestimate Communist" influence in the Congress of Industrial Organizations.

70 years ago
1945


At the movies
The Body Snatcher, starring Boris Karloff, Bela Lugosi, Henry Daniell, and Russell Wade, opened in theatres.

War
Two columns of U.S. forces in the Philippines met in Mindanao north of Malaybalay, clearing the island's main highway and forcing Japanese forces into the southeastern corner.

Politics and government
Winston Churchill named a new British cabinet with himself as Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury, and Defense Secretary.

Diplomacy
At the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco, committee action decided that the Economic and Social Council would have 18 members elected by the General Assembly.

U.S. Communist Political Association President Earl Browder said that American delegates to the United Nations Conference had deviated from late U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's policy of U.S.-U.S.S.R. amity.

The Foreign Affairs committee of the French Consultative Assembly proposed that the Allies jointly ask Spanish dictator Generalissimo Francisco Franco to abdicate immediately in favour of a democratic government, and that if he didn't, France would break off diplomatic relations with Spain.

Harry Hopkins arrived in Moscow and Joseph Davies arrived in London as representatives of U.S. President Harry Truman.

Iraqi Regent Prince Abdul Illah arrived in New York on an official visit to the United States.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board said that employers could increase wages to 55c per hour without board approval.

60 years ago
1955


Adventure
A British expedition led by Charles Evans. Joe Brown, and George Band reached the summit of Kangchenjunga (8,586 m.), the third-highest mountain in the world. Norman Hardie and Tony Streather followed the next day, completing the first ascent of the mountain.

Disasters
A night-time F5 tornado struck the small city of Udall, Kansas, killing 80 and injuring 273. It was the deadliest tornado to ever occur in the state and the 23rd deadliest in U.S. history.

Boxing
Sonny Liston (11-1) scored a technical knockout of Calvin Butler (5-3) at 2:18 of the 2nd round of a heavyweight bout at St. Louis Arena.

50 years ago
1965


Space
The United States launched the satellite Pegasus 2 from Cape Kennedy, Florida atop a Saturn I rocket; the satellite's mission was to measure meteoroid density.

Boxing
Muhammad Ali (21-0) retained his world heavyweight title by knocking out former champion Sonny Liston (35-3) at 1:42 of the 1st round (some reports give the time as 2:12) before just 2,434 fans at St. Dominic's Hall in Lewiston, Maine in one of the most controversial fights in history. Many thought, and still maintain, that Mr. Liston took a dive after Mr. Ali had thrown a "phantom punch," but examination of the fight film shows that the champion connected with a quick right hand.

40 years ago
1975


Auto racing
Bobby Unser won the Indianapolis 500 for the second time, being ruled the winner when the race was stopped after 174 laps--26 short of the usual 200 laps--because of a sudden downpour that made driving conditions dangerous. Defending Indianapolis 500 champion Johnny Rutherford finished second; he and former winner A.J. Foyt were the only other drivers on the lead lap when the race ended. Mr. Unser's first Indianapolis 500 win was in 1968.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Buffalo 1 @ Philadelphia 5 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Dave Schultz scored 2 goals to lead the Flyers over the Sabres before 17,007 fans at the Spectrum. "The Hammer," who had scored just 9 goals during the regular season while setting a league record with 472 minutes in penalties, opened the scoring at 3:12 of the 1st period. Gary Dornhoefer scored at 12:31 to make it 2-0, and Bob Kelly scored just 19 seconds later to give the Flyers a 3-0 lead. Reg Leach scored at 1:55 of the 2nd period, and Mr. Schultz scored again at 9:56, giving Philadelphia a 5-0 lead halfway through the game. Don Luce broke up Bernie Parent's bid for a shutout with 5:58 remaining in the game. Mr. Parent made 23 saves, while Buffalo goalie Gerry Desjardins stopped 21 shots.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Golden State 96 @ Washington 95 (Golden State won best-of-seven series 4-0)

The Bullets led 92-86 with 4:44 remaining in regulation time, but made a series of mistakes that allowed the Warriors to come back and complete the greatest upset in Finals' history before 19,035 fans at Capital Center in Landover, Maryland. In the final minutes, Washington's Kevin Porter missed 2 free throws and threw the ball away twice; Wes Unseld turned the ball over on an errant pass and dropped an inbounds pass and let it roll away for a backcourt violation; Dick Gibbs missed an easy layup; and Phil Chenier missed a 12-foot jump shot from the baseline with 10 seconds remaining. Rick Barry led Golden State with 20 points, and was named the Finals' Most Valuable Player. Mr. Barry scored 118 points in the series--an average of 29.5 per game--and made 44 of 99 field goals and 30 of 32 free throws; grabbed 16 rebounds; and led his team with 20 assists. His prize as MVP was a car from American Motors. It appeared to the Warriors that the Bullets were attempting to goad Mr. Barry into a fight early in the game; when Washington's Mike Riordan clubbed Mr. Barry in the back of the head 3:38 into the game, Golden State head coach Al Attles charged onto the court and was ejected by referee Richie Powers. Assistant coach Joe Powers guided the Warriors for the rest of the game, as Mr. Attles watched the game on a portable television set in the dressing room. Phil Chenier led Washington with 26 points and Mr. Porter added 19. Elvin Hayes, the Bullets' leading scorer during the season, concluded a disappointing series by scoring 15 points and fouling out.

Baseball
The Houston Astros trailed 6-0 in the 2nd inning and 7-6 in the top of the 12th inning, but scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 12th to edge the Montreal Expos 8-7 before 10,459 fans at the Astrodome. Houston third baseman Doug Rader started the winning rally with his fifth hit and third double of the game. Montreal left fielder Rich Coggins, playing just his second game of the season, had a single, double, and triple, scored a run, and drove in 2.

Pinch hitter Ed Kirkpatrick hit his first home run of the season in the top of the 11th inning to give the Pittsburgh Pirates the lead, and they held on to defeat the San Diego Padres 6-5 before 28,778 fans at San Diego Stadium.

The San Francisco Giants, trailing 7-1 after 4 1/2 innings, scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 5th and defeated the Chicago Cubs 9-7 before 12,341 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

Jim Perry and Dick Bosman, recently traded from the Cleveland Indians to the Oakland Athletics, started respective games of a doubleheader against their former team before 48,978 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. In the first game, Dennis Eckersley pitched a 3-hit shutout and Rico Carty batted 4 for 5 and drove in 2 runs as the Indians won 6-0. Mr. Perry pitched 2+ innings, allowing 4 hits, 4 bases on balls, and took the loss. In the second game, Mr. Bosman allowed 4 hits and 3 earned runs in 5 2/3 innings to pick up his first win in an Oakland uniform as the Athletics won 6-3. Jim Kern started for Cleveland and allowed 8 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 5 2/3 innings in taking the loss.

25 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): We are the World--USA for Africa (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): We are the World--USA for Africa (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): 19--Paul Hardcastle

#1 single in the U.K.: 19--Paul Hardcastle (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Everything She Wants--Wham!

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't You (Forget About Me)--Simple Minds (2nd week at #1)
2 Everything She Wants--Wham!
3 We are the World--USA for Africa
4 Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
5 Axel F--Harold Faltermeyer
6 Smooth Operator--Sade
7 One Night in Bangkok--Murray Head
8 Crazy for You--Madonna
9 Some Like it Hot--Power Station
10 Suddenly--Billy Ocean

Singles entering the chart were Getcha Back by the Beach Boys (#54); Sentimental Street by Night Ranger (#57); Everything I Need by Men at Work (#71); Just as I Am by Air Supply (#73); Animal Instinct by the Commodores (#75); Centerfield by John Fogerty (#83); Cannonball by Supertramp (#85); Forever by Kenny Loggins (#86); Not Enough Love in the World by Don Henley (#88); Lady of My Heart by Jack Wagner (#89); and All You Zombies by the Hooters (#90). Centerfield was the B-side of Rock and Roll Girls, charting at #51.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Crazy for You--Madonna
2 We are the World--USA for Africa
3 Rhythm of the Night--DeBarge
4 Don't You (Forget About Me)--Simple Minds
5 Tears are Not Enough--Northern Lights
6 Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
7 One Night in Bangkok--Murray Head
8 Obsession--Animotion
9 Some Like it Hot--Power Station
10 Everything She Wants--Wham!

Singles entering the chart were The Goonies 'R' Good Enough by Cyndi Lauper (#74); Tough All Over by John Cafferty (#79); Love Resurrection by Alison Moyet (#89); Never Surrender by Corey Hart (#92); and Walk of Life by Dire Straits (#95).

Disasters
Bangladesh was hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge, which killed approximately 10,000 people.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Philadelphia 3 @ Edmonton 4 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Wayne Gretzky scored 2 goals in the first 90 seconds of the game, and scored his third goal of the game later in the first period. The Oilers had just 6 shots on goal in the last 2 periods.

25 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Vic Tayback, 60. U.S. actor. Mr. Tayback was a character actor in numerous television programs from the 1960s through the 1980s. He was best known for playing diner owner Mel Sharples in the movie Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore (1974) and the subsequent television series Alice (1976-1985). Mr. Tayback died of a heart attack.

Gary Usher, 51. U.S. songwriter, musician, and producer. Mr. Usher collaborated with Brian Wilson in writing some of the Beach Boys’ early songs, including 409; In My Room; Ten Little Indians; and Lonely Sea. In 1964 he and Mr. Wilson wrote a song called Sacramento; Mr. Usher sang it and Mr. Wilson produced it, but the single failed to become a hit. Mr. Usher was also involved with studio bands such as The Super Stocks and Sagittarius. He produced three albums for the Byrds: Younger than Yesterday (1967); The Notorious Byrd Brothers (1968); and Sweethearts of the Rodeo (1968). Mr. Usher wrote Don’t Give in to Him, which was a hit for Gary Puckett and the Union Gap in 1969. In 1987 he co-produced two songs from movies that were issued as singles: Let’s Go to Heaven in My Car by Brian Wilson (from Police Academy 4: Citizens on Patrol), and Pipeline by Stevie Ray Vaughan & Dick Dale (from Back to the Beach). A website dedicated to Gary Usher can be found here.

Crime
In Canada's first war crimes trial under a law enacted in 1987, retired restaurateur Imre Finta was acquitted on all counts of confinement, kidnapping, robbery, and manslaughter in the 1944 deportation of 8,617 Jews while he was in the Hungarian police.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney began meeting provincial premiers individually over three days to lobby for passage of the Meech Lake constitutional accord. The deadline for approval was June 23, 1990.

Abominations
A United Nations report by propagandists masquerading as scientists from 39 countries warned that global temperatures could rise by 2 Fahrenheit degrees in 35 years, and by 6 F. degrees by the end of the 21st Century. The authors concluded that emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, and chlorofluorocarbons would have to be reduced by 60% in order to stabilize atmospheric concentrations at current levels. British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher set a target for Great Britain of a 30% reduction in projected emissions of carbon dioxide. She broke with the position of the U.S. administration of President George Bush, which called for more research.

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Dany Robin, 68
. French actress. Miss Robin appeared in such movies as Waltz of the Toreadors (1962); Follow the Boys (1963); and Topaz (1969). She and her second husband, Michael Sullivan, died in a fire in their apartment in Paris.

War
Bosnian Serbs shelled five of six United Nations-designated safe areas and began taking UN peacekeepers hostage, using many as human shields, handcuffing and chaining them to potential targets of NATO planes. NATO planes began bombing a weapons depot near Pale, the capital of the Bosnian Serbs.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate voted 57-42 in favour of a bill providing for an unspecified future tax cut of $170 billion; it would cut deficits by $961 billion. The Senate voted 61-38 to approve a bill cutting $16.4 billion in fundig for domestic programs that had been approved by the previous Congress.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Gregory Scott Johnson, 40
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Johnson was executed by lethal injection at Indiana State Prison in Michigan City, Indiana for the June 23, 1985 murder of 82-year-old Ruby Hutslar in Anderson, Indiana. Mr. Johnson had beaten and stomped her to death, and had then set fire to her home in an attempt to conceal the crime.

Edmontonia
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II continued her visit to Edmonton with a walkabout in Churchill Square.

Sunday, May 24, 2015

May 24, 2015

130 years ago
1885

War

Another skirmish in the North-West Rebellion took place when a military column from Calgary under the command of General Thomas Bland "Jingo" Strange arrived near Frog Lake and engaged Cree chief Wandering Spirit and his followers in the Battle of Frenchman Butte. A Cree warrior was the only person killed.

80 years ago
1935


Baseball
The Cincinnati Reds defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 before a crowd of 24,222 at Crosley Field in Cincinnati in the first night game in major league history. U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt switched on the lights from Washington.

75 years ago
1940


War
Four Royal Canadian Navy destroyers were sent from Halifax to Britain. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler ordered a halt to the German advance around the trapped British-French force in Flanders. German forces captured Calais.

Diplomacy
The 21 American republics formally protested to the United Kingdom that the seizure of the German merchant ship MV Hannover between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico on March 9, 1940 was a violation of the American security belt.

World events
Acting on the orders of Soviet leader Josef Stalin, NKVD agent Iosif Grigulevich orchestrated an unsuccessful assassination attempt in Coyoacán, Mexico against exiled Soviet revolutionary Leon Trotsky.

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate a defense bill to permit unlimited expansion of the U.S. Army Air Force.

Aviation
In Bridgeport, Connecticut, Igor Sikorsky made the first successful fully-controlled helicopter flight.

Disasters
Earthquakes in Peru killed 249 people.

Baseball
Behind the pitching of Harry Gumbert, the New York Giants beat the Boston Bees 8-1 in front of 22,260 fans in the first night game at the Polo Grounds in New York.

Bob Feller hit his first major league home run to help his own cause as the Cleveland Indians edged the St. Louis Browns 3-2 before 24,827 in the first night game at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis. Eldon Auker was the losing pitcher.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Robert Ritter von Greim, 52
. German military officer. Field Marshal Greim was the last commander of the Luftwaffe during World War II. He was captured by American forces on May 8, 1945, but after finding out that he was to be part of an exchange of prisoners with the U.S.S.R., committed suicide in Salzburg, Austria with a cyanide capsule rather than endure torture at the hands of the Soviets.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco discussed the status of trusteeship territories. The U.S.A., U.K., China, and France agreed that such territories should eventually become independent, but that "self-government" should be the objective for British colonies.

U.S. presidential press secretary Charlie Ross said that a "Big Three" (U.S.A.; U.S.S.R.; U.K.) meeting was being planned now and would hopefully be held soon.

Politics and government
A British-American occupation government was established for Austria.

Defense
Philippine President Sergio Osmena told press in Manila that the U.S. would get military bases in the islands with the "full support of the Filipino people" when the islands became independent sometime before July 4, 1946.

Chile and the United States signed a three-year agreement providing for a U.S. naval mission to Chile.

Economics and finance
U.S. Commerce Secretary Henry Wallace asked for lower U.S. tariffs and trade with other countries on a "live and let live basis."

U.S. Senators Robert Wagner (Democrat--New York) and James Murray (Democrat--Montana) and Representative John Dingell (Democrat--Michigan) offered identical bills to Congress calling for broader coverage by Social Security.

Medicine
Dr. William Robbins revealed his discovery of six new antibiotic drugs: pleurotin; grisic acid; pleurin; irpexin; obtusin; and corticin.

60 years ago
1955


Transportation
The Canadian Pacific Railway and Canadian National Railway cut Montreal-Vancouver travel time on passenger trains by 14-16 hours.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Downtown--Petula Clark (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Every Step of the Way--Dickie Rock

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Ticket to Ride--The Beatles
2 It's Not Unusual--Tom Jones
3 Count Me In--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
4 Talk About Love--Adam Faith
5 Walk That Walk--David Clayton-Thomas
6 S.O.S. (Sweet On Susie)--Kenny Chandler
7 Our Love has Passed--Jack London
8 Just Once in My Life--The Righteous Brothers
9 Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys
10 Reelin' and Rockin'--The Dave Clark Five

Singles entering the chart were You Can Have Her by the Righteous Brothers (#29); Laurie (Strange Things Happen) by Dickey Lee (#30); Last Exit to Brooklyn by the Scott Bedford Four (#31); What Do You Want with Me by Chad & Jeremy (#32); Voodoo Woman by Bobby Goldsboro (#33); Goin' to the River by Ronnie Hawkins (#34); My Guy by Dianne James (#35); Catch the Wind by Donovan (#36); A Walk in the Black Forest by Horst Jankowski and his Orchestra (#37); I Want You by the Pussycats (#38); Bring it on Home to Me by the Animals (#39); and I'm Not Sayin' by Gordon Lightfoot (#40). Goin' to the River was the B-side of Little Red Rooster.

Died on this date
Sonny Boy Williamson II, 52 (?)
. U.S. musician. Mr. Williamson, born Alex Ford, was a blues harmonica player, singer, and songwriter. He achieved success in teh United States in the 1950s, and played with English musicians in the 1960s. Mr. Williamson died of an apparent heart attack.

Music
The Beach Boys were at CBS Studios in Hollywood, California to record the song I'm Bugged at My Ol' Man, and were at Western Recording Studios in Hollywood to record the songs The Girl from New York City; And Your Dream Comes True; and You're So Good to Me.

War
An Inter-American Force representing the Organization of American States arrived in the Dominican Republic to suppress the rebellion against the junta led by General Antonio Imbert Barreras.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Love Is All--Roger Glover and Guests (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Stand by Your Man--Tammy Wynette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Shining Star--Earth, Wind & Fire

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Shining Star--Earth, Wind & Fire
2 How Long--Ace
3 Before the Next Teardrop Falls--Freddy Fender
4 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
5 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
6 Thank God I'm a Country Boy--John Denver
7 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
8 Sister Golden Hair--America
9 Only Yesterday--Carpenters
10 Bad Time--Grand Funk

Singles entering the chart were Please Pardon Me (You Remind Me of a Friend) by Rufus featuring Chaka Khan (#75); I'll Do Anything You Want Me To by Barry White (#77); Black Friday by Steely Dan (#78); Jive Talkin' by the Bee Gees (#89); Look at You by George McCrae (#93); Disco Queen by Hot Chocolate (#96); No Charge by Shirley Caesar (#98); The Rockford Files by Mike Post (#99); and Harpo's Blues by Phoebe Snow (#100). The Rockford Files was the title theme from the television series.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Thank God I'm a Country Boy--John Denver
2 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
3 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
4 It's a Miracle--Barry Manilow
5 Only Yesterday--Carpenters
6 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
7 How Long--Ace
8 Bad Time--Grand Funk
9 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
10 The Immigrant--Neil Sedaka

Singles entering the chart were Swearin' to God by Frankie Valli (#86); The Hustle by Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony (#90); When You're Up You're Up by Bond (#93); Attitude Dancing by Carly Simon (#95); Seems Like I Can't Live with You, But I Can't Love Without You by the Guess Who (#97); Can't Stop Myself (From Loving You) by William Shakespeare (#98); Run Away with Me by Ken Tobias (#99); and Give the People What They Want by the O'Jays (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CFRW)
1 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
2 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
3 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
4 Long Tall Glasses (I Can Dance)--Leo Sayer
5 Pinball Wizard--Elton John (LP track)
6 How Long--Ace
7 Chevy Van--Sammy Johns
8 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
9 The Immigrant--Neil Sedaka
10 Killer Queen--Queen
11 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
12 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
13 Sister Golden Hair--America
14 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
15 Autobahn--Kraftwerk
16 No No Song--Ringo Starr
17 Stand by Me--John Lennon
18 Take Me in Your Arms (Rock Me a Little While)--Charity Brown
19 Thank God I'm a Country Boy--John Denver
20 Bad Time--Grand Funk
21 Old Days--Chicago
22 Essence of Joan--Andy Kim
23 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
24 Loves Me Like a Brother--The Guess Who
25 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
26 Hey You--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
27 Rainy Day People--Gordon Lightfoot
28 Amie--Pure Prairie League
29 Magic--Pilot
30 It's a Miracle--Barry Manilow

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
2 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
3 Bad Time--Grand Funk
4 Killer Queen--Queen
5 Pinball Wizard--Elton John (LP track)
6 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
7 Sister Golden Hair--America
8 Old Days--Chicago
9 How Long--Ace
10 Magic--Pilot
11 Stand by Me--John Lennon
12 Only Yesterday--Carpenters
13 Take Me in Your Arms (Rock Me)--The Doobie Brothers
14 Sail on Sailor--The Beach Boys
15 Thank God I'm a Country Boy--John Denver
16 Emma--Hot Chocolate
17 Hey You--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
18 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
19 Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille
20 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
21 Misty--Ray Stevens
22 Cum Hear the Band--April Wine
23 Wildfire--Michael Murphey
24 Hit the Road Jack--Stampeders
25 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
26 Julie--Ian Thomas
27 When Will I Be Loved--Linda Ronstadt
28 Let the Phone Ring--Jim Mancel
29 Only Women--Alice Cooper
30 Don't Leave Me in the Morning--Odia Coates

World events
A group of 80 reporters and cameramen - including nine Britons - were allowed to fly out of Saigon to Vientiane, Laos. They are the first Westerners to leave the capital of South Vietnam since its fall to Communist forces on April 29.

Baseball
Bill Lee pitched a 5-hit shutout and Rico Petrocelli and Rick Burleson each hit 3-run home runs as the Boston Red Sox blanked the California Angels 6-0 before 11,580 fans at Fenway Park in Boston in the NBC Game of the Week telecast.

The Oakland Athletics, trailing 5-0 after 3 innings, came back to beat the Cleveland Indians 10-5 before 25,801 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.

Bobby Murcer drove in 6 runs with a 3-run home run and a 3-run triple to lead the San Francisco Giants to a 10-3 win over the Chicago Cubs before 6,655 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Winning pitcher Jim Barr pitched a 6-hit complete game.

Joe Morgan singled home Merv Rettenmund with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Cincinnati Reds a 3-2 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 36,165 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

Gary Carter drove in Pepe Mangual with a sacrifice fly in the top of the 9th inning and Steve Rogers pitched a 4-hit complete game as the Montreal Expos edged the Houston Astros 2-1 before 15,208 fans at the Astrodome. The rally that produced the winning run began with a single by left fielder Rich Coggins, playing his first regular season game in a Montreal uniform since being acquired from the Baltimore Orioles in an off-season trade. He had missed the first 33 games of the season because of a thyroid condition.

Keith Hernandez drove in 3 runs with his first major league home run and a single as the St. Louis Cardinals beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 6-2 before 45,196 fans at Dodger Stadium.

Randy Jones pitched a 4-hit shutout and Dave Winfield hit a home run as the San Diego Padres blanked the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-0 before 22,758 fans at San Diego Stadium.

25 years ago
1990


Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department revised its estimate of the growth of the gross national product in the first quarter, putting the annual rate at a lower figure of 1.3%.

Soviet Premier Nikolai Ryzhkov presented to the Supreme Soviet an economic reform program that included an easing of price controls. Bread prices would triple, and the cost of some goods and services would increase 30%. Government subsidies had kept some prices artificially low. The program also included unemployment benefits and tax-indexing to assist workers. It would set in motion a transformation of state enterprises into joint stock companies. The program would be subject to approval in a national referendum.

Diplomacy
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev told Lithuanian leaders in Moscow that Lithuania could be independent in two years if it suspended its declaration of independence. U.S. President George Bush said that he opposed normalizing trade relations with the Soviet Union because of the impasse over Lithuanian independence and because the Soviet leadership had not pushed for more liberal emigration policies.

Law
Konrad Sioui, a Huron from Ancienne-Lorette, Quebec, was acquitted, under the 1760 Hurons and British conquerors treaty, on a charge of violating Quebec provincial park laws against hunting and tree-cutting.

Disasters
The United States Navy said that it was reopening its investigation into the April 1989 explosion aboard the battleship Iowa that killed 47 members of its crew. The explosion had occurred in a gun turret during a training exercise. The Navy’s initial report blamed a suicidal crewman, Clayton Hartwig, who, according to the theory, had placed a detonating device into the mechanism. Mr. Hartwig as killed in the explosion, and his family was seeking to clear his name. The Navy tested the suggestion of Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque that the explosion could have been caused by gunpowder being rammed too far into the turret’s centre gun. The bags of gunpowder exploded on the 18th test.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Edmonton 4 @ Boston 1 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-1)

This was the Oilers’ first--and so far, only--Stanley Cup triumph after the trade of Wayne Gretzky to the Los Angeles Kings in 1988. Edmonton goalie Bill Ranford was awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as the most valuable player in the 1990 playoffs. Craig Simpson scored the cup-winning goal.

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Harold Wilson, 79
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1964-1970; 1974-1976. "Little Harold" was leader of the British Labour Party from 1963 until his resignation in 1976, and was Leader of the Opposition during that time when he wasn't Prime Minister. He sat in the House of Commons from 1945-1983, after which he sat in the House of Lords as Baron Wilson of Rievaulx.

10 years ago
2005


Edmontonia
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II visited Edmonton, and did a walkabout through the grounds of the Alberta Legislature. This blogger came within inches of meeting her.