Monday, 28 May 2018

May 28, 2018

430 years ago
1588


War
The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, set sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel. It took until May 30 for all ships to leave port.

210 years ago
1808


Died on this date
Richard Hurd, 88
. U.K. clergyman and writer. The Bishop of Worcester from 1781-1808, Rev. Hurd’s books included Letters on Chivalry and Romance (1762) and An Introduction to the Study of the Prophecies concerning the Christian Church (1772).

Exploration
Simon Fraser left Fort George, British Columbia to travel down the river which is now named for him, on his way to the Pacific Ocean.

200 years ago
1818


Born on this date
P.G.T. Beauregard, 74
. U.S. and C.S. military officer. Mr. Beauregard achieved the rank of Brevet Major in the United States Army, and was named a Brigadier General in the army of the Confederate States of America in 1861. He led the C.S.A. to victory in the First Battle of Bull Run in Virginia in 1861, saved Charleston, South Carolina from Union attacks in 1863, and did the same for Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia in 1864. Mr. Beauregard died on February 20, 1893 at the age of 74.

175 years ago
1843


Died on this date
Noah Webster, 84
. U.S. writer and lexicographer. Mr. Webster was best known for An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828), which has been continued in the modern Merriam-Webster dictionaries. More than anyone else, Mr. Webster was responsible for the American spelling of words as distinct from the English spelling. His spelling books were standard school texts for several generations.

160 years ago
1858


Transportation
The Great Western Railway opened from Goderich to Fort Erie, Ontario.

130 years ago
1888


Born on this date
Kaarel Eenpalu
. Prime Minister of Estonia, 1938-1939. Born Karl August Einbund, Mr. Eenpalu was an editor of several newspapers, and held numerous political offices beginning in 1920. He was Stae Elder of Estonia' (head of state) from July 19-November 1, 1932, and became the country's first prime minister. When the U.S.S.R. occupied the Baltic republics in June 1940, Mr. Eenpalu was one of a number of polticians who were arrested and deported to Russia. He died in a Soviet prison camp in Vyatka, Kirov Oblast on January 27 or 28, 1942 at the age of 53.

120 years ago
1898


Transportation
Construction began on the 110-mile-long White Pass & Yukon Railway.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Johnny Wayne
. Canadian comedian. Mr. Wayne was half of the comedy team Wayne and Shuster, who initially achieved popularity performing for troops during World War II and then made several specials per year on CBC television. They appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show a record 67 times. Wayne and Shuster’s most popular skits included takeoffs on Julius Caesar (Rinse the Blood Off My Toga) and The Scarlet Pimpernel (The Brown Pumpernickel). They’d have a tough time succeeding in today’s culture of declining literacy. During the 1977-78 season, Mr. Wayne’s Confessions of a Hockey Nut appeared as a first period intermission feature on Hockey Night in Canada. He died on July 18, 1990 at the age of 72.

Bob Malloy. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Malloy played with the Cincinnati Reds (1943-1944, 1946-1947) and St. Louis Browns (1949), compiling a record of 4-7 with an earned run average of 3.26 and 2 saves in 48 games. He was 80-67 in 11 seasons in the minor leagues from 1941-1953, with his best season being 1948, when he was 21-7 with the Indianapolis Indians of the AA American Association. Mr. Malloy died on February 20, 2007 at the age of 88.

World events
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and the First Republic of Armenia declared their independence.

Baseball
Joe Bush pitched a 1-hitter and drove in the lone run for the Boston Red Sox to improve his record for the season to 7-2 as they edged the Chicago White Sox 1-0 at Fenway Park in Boston. The lone Chicago hit was a "flying single" (Harry Casey‚ in the Boston Evening Record) by Happy Felsch‚ which occurred when he threw his bat at the ball on a hit-and-run. Eddie Cicotte allowed 5 hits‚ 3 by Fred Thomas‚ in the loss, not allowing an earned run as his 1918 record fell to 0-7.

Smoky Joe Wood hit a 2-run home run and Steve O'Neill added a solo homer two batters later as the Cleveland Indians scored all their runs in the top of the 7th inning to overcome a 2-0 deficit and edge the New York Yankees 3-2 at the Polo Grounds in New York. Jim Bagby pitched a 7-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Allen Russell.

Joe Gedeon batted 2 for 2 with a double, base on balls, sacrifice, and 2 runs batted in to help the St. Louis Browns edge the Philadelpha Athletics 3-2 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Grover Lowdermilk pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Scott Perry.

90 years ago
1928

World events

Russian writer Maxim Gorky returned from Italy after an absence of many years, and was received in Moscow by a Nikolai Bukharin, a high Soviet government official, along with thousands of workmen, students, writers, and actors, Communist youth and units of the Red Army, bearing streamers and banners instead of arms.

Religion
The Presbyterian General Assembly at Tulsa, Oklahoma refused to consider union with the Christian, Universalist, and Congregational churches, but authorized a committee to meet the Methodists and consider a union with them.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Athletics bought pitcher George Earnshaw from the Baltimore Orioles of the International League for $50‚000 and 2 players. Mr. Earshaw was in his fifth season with the Orioles and had compiled a record of 78-48, with a 29-11 record in 1925, but was only 3-5 with an earned run average of 6.15 in 13 games with Baltimore in 1928.

75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Red-Headed League

War
German forces claimed to have repulsed U.S.S.R. forces attacking in the lower Kuban Valley. U.S. forces continued their advance along the ridges southeast and northwest of Chichagof Harbor on Attu Island and drove Japanese troops from the Lake Cories area. Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho marked the first anniversary of Mexico's declaration of war against the Axis by declaring that Mexico was ready to send troops abroad.

Politics and government
The Executive Committee of the British Labour Party announced in London that it would oppose affiliation with the British Communist Party at the annual convention on June 14 despite the Comintern's dissolution.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order naming James F. Byrnes director of the Office of War Mobilization, to unify the work of all war agencies.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Lewis Allen, 75
. U.S. physician. Dr. Allen was a nationally-known radiologist.

War
The Arab Legion forced the surrender of 2,500 Jews in the Old City of Jerusalem after a 10-day siege. Surrender terms provided for the imprisonment of 500 Jewish fighters outside Palestine and the evacuation of other Jewish inhabitants. Jews remained in control of Jerusalem's New City.

Diplomacy
The International Court of Justice in The Hague ruled that the U.S.S.R. had acted illegally in vetoing the United Nations membership requests of five countries. The ruling was advisory and not binding on the UN.

Politics and government
Two days after the Herenigde Nasionale Party (Reunited National Party), led by Daniel François Malan, had combined with the Afrikaner Party to defeat the governing Union Party of Prime Minister Jan Smuts in the South African general election, Mr. Smuts resigned as Prime Minister and was succeeded by Mr. Malan.

24 exiled members of the Czechoslovakian parliament, meeting in London, denounced upcoming legislative elections in Czechoslovakia, and resolved to fight for the restoration of political freedom.

The U.S. President's Loyalty Review Board released a list of 32 organizations described as subversive, including the Young Communist League; Civil Rights Congress (Michigan and Milwaukee chapters); German-American Republican League; and United Harlem Tenants and Consumers Organization.

Economics and finance
Romania established state monopolies for oil exports and all imports, completing nationalization of the country's commerce.

The U.S. Treasury ended a seven-year freeze on $60 million in Spanish assets in the United States.

Labour
Chrysler Corporation workers ended their 17-day strike after accepting a 13c hourly wage increase in a contract with no cost-of-living escalator.

60 years ago
1958


War
Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement, heavily reinforced by Frank Pais Militia, overwhelmed a Cuban Army post in El Uvero.

Morocco banned French troop movements in Algerian border areas.

World events
Schools were closed and censorship imposed in Ceylon.

Diplomacy
Theodor Heuss, President of the Federal Republic of Germany, started a one-week state visit to Canada, beoming the first German head of state to do so.

Politics and government
Pierre Pflimlin, faced with growing military and civilian insurrection, resigned as Prime Minister of France in a move seen as paving the way for the legal return to power of General Charles de Gaulle.

Americana
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate a bill to admit Alaska to the Union as a state and to give the state 102 million acres of federally-owned land, much of it rich in mineral resources.

Religion
The merger of the United Presbyterian Church of North America and the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. was finalized in ceremonies in Pittsburgh, forming the three-million-member United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Delilah--Tom Jones (6th week at #1)

War
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson accused North Vietnam of obstructing the Paris peace talks.

Politics and government
In the contest for the U.S. presidential nominations, Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota won the Oregon Democratic Party primary. Sen. McCarthy took 45% of the vote, with Senator Robert F. Kennedy of New York receiving 39%. Sen. Kennedy had come out on top in a pre-primary poll by NBC. Former Vice President Richard Nixon won the Republican Party primary with 73% of the vote. California Governor Ronald Reagan received 23% and New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller took 4% on write-ins.

Boxing
Leotis Martin (26-4) scored a technical knockout of Thad Spencer (32-7) at 2:29 of the 9th round of a heavyweight bout at Royal Albert Hall in London.

Baseball
The American League owners agreed to divide the league into two divisions and reduce its schedule to 156 games. The following divisional alignment was set for the 1969 season: Eastern: Baltimore Orioles; Boston Red Sox; Cleveland Indians; Detroit Tigers; New York Yankees; Washington Senators. Western: California Angels; Chicago White Sox; Kansas City Royals; Minnesota Twins; Oakland Athletics; Seattle Pilots.

Suffering his fourth straight defeat‚ Bob Gibson of the St. Louis Cardinals (3-5) dropped a 3-1 decision to Gaylord Perry and the San Francisco Giants before 19,392 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis in a game that was called after 8 innings because of rain. The Cardinals scored a run in the 1st inning, but Dick Dietz hit a solo home run in the 6th inning to tie the game, and Willie Mays hit a 2-run homer in the 7th to give the Giants the lead.

Jim Maloney fired a 1-hitter to lead the Cincinnati Reds over the Los Angeles Dodgers 7-0 before 4,475 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. A single by Zoilo Versalles with 2 out in the 5th inning was the only Dodger hit. Pete Rose led the Cincinnati attack with 2 singles, a double, triple, base on balls, and 4 runs, while Alex Johnson had 3 singles and 4 runs batted in.

Paul Blair led off the top of the 10th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie as the Baltimore Orioles edged the Chicago White Sox 3-2 before 18,748 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

All the runs were scored in the 1st inning when the Minnesota Twins defeated the Cleveland Indians 3-1 before 10,109 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, with Jim Perry winning the pitchers' duel over Sonny Siebert.

Bill Freehan doubled home 2 runs with 1 out in the top of the 1st inning and Willie Horton followed with a 2-run home run as the Detroit Tigers beat the California Angels 4-1 before 19,601 fans at Anaheim Stadium in another game where all the scoring came in the 1st inning. Les Cain started on the mound for Detroit, but John Hiller relieved him in the 3rd and allowed 3 hits in 6 2/3 innings to get the win.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Wuthering Heights--Kate Bush (4th week at #1)

World events
The Vietnamese government denied that Chinese residents in that country had been mistreated.

Politics and government
U.S. National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski agreed that President Jimmy Carter faced too many limits from Congress on giving aid to friendly African nations.

Auto racing
Al Unser won the Indianapolis 500 for the third time, with an average speed of 161.363 miles per hour. His earlier wins came in 1970 and 1971.



Golf
Jerry Heard won the Atlanta Classic with a score of 269. First prize money was $40,000.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Seattle 93 @ Washington 92 (Seattle led best-of-seven series 2-1)



30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I'm Not Scared--Eighth Wonder (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Yé ké yé ké--Mory Kante

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros

#1 single in France (SNEP): N'importe quoi--Florent Pagny (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): With a Little Help from My Friends/She's Leaving Home--Wet Wet Wet/Billy Bragg featuring Cara Tivey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): She's Leaving Home--Billy Bragg featuring Cara Tivey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One More Try--George Michael

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 One More Try--George Michael
2 Anything for You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
3 Shattered Dreams--Johnny Hates Jazz
4 Naughty Girls (Need Love Too)--Samantha Fox
5 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
6 Angel--Aerosmith
7 Everything Your Heart Desires--Daryl Hall John Oates
8 I Don't Want to Live Without You--Foreigner
9 Together Forever--Rick Astley
10 Wait--White Lion

Singles entering the chart were Sign Your Name by Terence Trent D'Arby (#74); The Colour of Love by Billy Ocean (#80); Darlin' Danielle Don't by Henry Lee Summer (#84); You Have Placed a Chill in My Heart by Eurythmics (#85); Wishing I was Lucky by Wet Wet Wet (#86); Fat by "Weird Al" Yankovic (#89); and Little Walter by Tony! Toni! Tone! (#90). Fat was a spoof of Michael Jackson's 1987 hit Bad.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)
2 Beds are Burning--Midnight Oil
3 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger
4 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
5 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean
6 One More Try--George Michael
7 Together Forever--Rick Astley
8 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
9 Shattered Dreams--Johnny Hates Jazz
10 What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong

Singles entering the chart were The Flame by Cheap Trick (#71); Lost in You by Rod Stewart (#73); Foolish Beat by Debbie Gibson (#76); Black & Blue by Van Halen (#82); Send Me a Miracle by Paul Janz (#87); and New Sensation by INXS (#95).

Died on this date
Sy Oliver, 77
. U.S. musician, composer, and bandleader. Mr. Oliver was a trumpeter and arranger with the band of Jimmie Lunceford in the mid-1930s, and joined Tommy Dorsey's orchestra in 1939 as an arranger. He led his own band in later years. Mr. Oliver co-wrote the song T'ain't What You Do (It's the Way that You Do It).

Defense
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet unanimously approved the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty.

Environment
The Canadian aerosol industry said that it would ban ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) from spray cans.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Boston 94 @ Detroit 98 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)

25 years ago
1993


Diplomacy
Eritrea and Monaco joined the United Nations.

Crime
William Lozano, 33, a Miami police officer of Hispanic ethnicity, was acquitted by a jury in his second trial of the killings of two young Negro men. The case had aroused racial tensions in Florida.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Phoenix 104 @ Seattle 97 (Phoenix led best-of-seven series 2-1)

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Phil Hartman, 49
. Canadian-born U.S. actor. A native of Brantford, Ontario, Mr. Hartman was a member of the cast of the NBC series Saturday Night Live from 1986-1994 (winning an Emmy Award in 1989 for writing), and provided the voices for a number of characters on The Simpsons from 1991-1998. At the time of his death, Mr. Hartman was a member of the cast of the NBC comedy series NewsRadio, and was posthumously nominated for an Emmy Award. He was asleep when he was shot to death by his wife Brynn, who fatally shot herself shortly after notifying a friend of the murder.

Defense
Pakistan conducted five underground nuclear tests, responding to India’s tests earlier in the month.

Protest
Students in Indonesia resumed demonstrations, opposing the government’s timetable for holding elections the following year.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Finals
Washington 4 @ Buffalo 3 (OT) (Washington led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Peter Bondra and Richard Zednik each scored 2 goals for the Capitals, with Mr. Bondra's second coming at 9:37 of the 1st overtime period as they edged the Sabres at Marine Midland Arena.

10 years ago
2008


Asiatica
The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal formally declared Nepal a republic, ending the 240-year reign of the Shah dynasty.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 2 @ Pittsburgh 3 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Detroit 102 @ Boston 106 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Sunday, 27 May 2018

May 27, 2018

280 years ago
1738


Born on this date
Nathaniel Gorham
. U.S. politician. Mr. Gorham was a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress, and served as its president from July 6-November 5, 1786. He attended the Constitutional Convention and signed the Constitution of the United States in Philadelphia on September 17, 1787. He died on June 11, 1796 at the age of 58.

220 years ago
1798


War
4,000-5,000 Irish rebels killed 105 of 110 British militiamen in the Battle of Oulart Hill in Wexford, Ireland.

200 years ago
1818


Born on this date
Amelia Bloomer
. U.S. journalist and activist. Mrs. Bloomer wrote for the Seneca Falls County Courier before editing the biweekly newspaper The Lily (1849-1853), the first newspaper for women. She supported women's suffrage, but was best known for advocating the loose trousers that became known as "bloomers." Mrs. Bloomer died on December 30, 1894 at the age of 76.

130 years ago
1888

Baseball

Bill "Adonis" Terry of the Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers hurled his second career no-hitter‚ beating the Kansas City Cowboys 4-0 at Washington Park in Brooklyn. 3 men walked and 2 more reached on errors. Mr. Terry no-hit the St. Louis Browns on July 24‚ 1886.

125 years ago
1893


Environment
The Ontario government created Algonquin Park, Canada's first provincial park, as a wildlife sanctuary and to protect the water source of many Ontario rivers.

Journalism
Yukon's first regular newspaper, the Klondike Nugget, published its first edition.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Yasuhiro Nakasone!
Prime Minister of Japan, 1982-1987. Lieutenant-Commander Nakasone served in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, and entered politics in 1947 as a member of the Liberal Democratic Party. He represented Gunma 3rd district in the House of Representatives from 1947-1996 and Northern Kanto PR from 1996-2003. As Prime Minister, Mr. Nakasone was known for cultivating close relations with the U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan, helping to revitalize Japanese nationalism, and privatizing state-owned companies. He was criticized for his politically-incorrect, although accurate, comment that Americans were, on average, less intelligent than Japanese because "the US has many immigrants, Puerto Ricans and Blacks, who bring the average level down." Mr. Nakasone resigned as Prime Minister after failing in an attempt to introduce a value added tax to reduce the deficit.

90 years ago
1928

Defense

A treaty of alliance between Turkey and Afghanistan was signed at Ankara.

Aviation
Edward, the Prince of Wales, took to the air for the first time, flying from Scarborough, Yorkshire, where he had attended the opening session of the British Legion conference, to Bircham Newton, near Sandringham, a distance of about 120 miles, in order to dine with King George V and Queen Mary. The Prince wore flying kit, with a parachute attached to his shoulders. He was followed by an equerry in a second plane.

Crime
Near Salem, Oregon, the partly clothed body of 10-year-old Beatrice Rosenbaum, who disappeared from her home at Youngstown two weeks earlier, was found in a ravine on a farm.

Baseball
Veteran first baseman George Sisler cleared waivers and joined the Boston Braves. Mr. Sisler had been purchased by the Washington Nationals in December 1927 after 12 seasons with the St. Louis Browns, but had hit just .245, almost 100 points below his lifetime average, with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 20 games with the Nationals.

80 years ago
1938


Economics and finance
The federal government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King nationalized the Bank of Canada, three years after its creation.

Baseball
Detroit's Hank Greenberg hammered a Frank Gabler pitch 440 feet, into the center field seats at Comiskey Park in Chicago‚ becoming the first slugger to reach the bleachers there, to help the Tigers beat the White Sox 5-2‚ as Vern Kennedy pitched a 6-hit complete game to improve his 1938 record to 7-0. 8,000 were in attendance, 5,000 of whom received free admission for Ladies Day.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 10th inning, Spud Davis doubled and Harry Craft followed with a double to drive him home with the winning run as the Cincinnati Reds edged the St. Louis Cardinals 2-1 before 21,092 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Johnny Vander Meer pitched a 5-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Bill McGee, who allowed 11 hits in going the distance.

75 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Gordon Coates, 65
. Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1925-1928. Mr. Coates, a member of the Reform Party until its 1936 merger with the United Party to form the National Party, represented Kaipara in Parliament from 1911 until his death from a heart attack in his office in Wellington. He held several cabinet posts before becoming Prime Minister, winning a caucus ballot shortly after Prime Minister William Massey died in office. The N.Z. economy declined in the late 1920s, and a new rival, the United Party, formed a government after a close election in 1928.

War
A Soviet force of about 150,000 attacked and drove German forces back northwest of Krymsk in the Kuban Valley. U.S. planes continued their attack on Sicily, Sardinia, and Pantelleria, striking at airfields, power stations, railways, and dams. Chinese planes attacked the Japanese base of Ichang without loss and also Enshih, 200 miles northeast of Chungking.

Labour
Striking rubber workers in Akron, Ohio obeyed U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's order to return to work. International Association of Machinists President Harvey Brown announced the union's withdrawal from the American Federation of Labor.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Rudolph Wurlitzer, 74
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Wurlitzer was the son of Wurlitzer jukebox firm founder Rudolph Wurlitzer, and served as president of the company.

Augustin Sram. Czechoslovakian politician. Major Sram, a leading strategist of the Czech Communist Party, was assassinated in Prague by an unknown assailant.

War
Philippine security forces resumed their attack on Hukbalahap guerrillas in central Luzon after Huk leader Luis Taruc rejected a government peace offer.

Defense
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee unanimously recommended that the U.S. support regional defense arrangements like the Union of Western Europe to remove "dangerous uncertainties that might mislead potential aggressors."

Politics and government
The Lebanese Parliament re-elected President Bechara el-Khoury for a six-year term.

In a letter to the President's Loyalty Review Board, U.S. Attorney General Tom Clark ruled that the Communist Party advocated violent overthrow of the United States government and that party members could be dismissed from federal employment under the Hatch Act.

Crime
Narayan Vinayak Godse and eight co-defendants were formally charged in New Delhi with the January 30, 1948 murder of Indian Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi.

Business
Recently retired baseball slugger Hank Greenberg bought an interest in the Cleveland Indians‚ becoming their second-largest stockholder.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th inning to break a 5-5 tie and held on to defeat the New York Giants 9-6 before 21,277 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. The Giants had runners on first and second bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but pinch hitter Les Layton, representing the potential tying run, flied out to left fielder Stan Musial to end the game.

60 years ago
1958


Literature
The Affluent Society by John Kenneth Galbraith was published in New York by Houghton Mifflin.

Space
Vanguard Satellite Launch Vehicle 1, with the Vanguard 2B satellite aboard, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, but failed to place the satellite into orbit.

Defense
Warsaw Pact foreign ministers issued a communique in Moscow approving plans for the withdrawal of U.S.S.R. forces from Romania and for the progressive reduction of Soviet bloc military manpower.

The F-4 Phantom II, the principal air superiority jet fighter for both the U.S. Navy and Air Force, made its first flight.

Politics and government
Following nighttime meetings with French Prime Minister Pierre Pflimlin and Defense Minister Pierre de Chevigne, French President Charles de Gaulle issued a statement declaring that he had "started yesterday the regular process necessary for the establishment of a republican government capable of assuring the unity and the independence of the country."

British and Singaporean negotiators announced an agreement on terms for a new constitution designed to transform Singapore into a self-governing state under U.K. protection.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Hana no Kubikazari/Ginga no Romance--The Tigers (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Congratulations--Cliff Richard (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Rip Collins, 72
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Collins played for 4 American League teams in 11 seasons from 1920-1931, posting a record of 108-82 with an earned run average of 3.99 in 311 games. He had 14-win seasons in 1920, 1922, and 1924. Mr. Collins went 11-5 with the New York Yankees when they won their first American League pennant in 1921, but gave up 4 hits and a base on balls in just 2/3 of an inning in his only World Series appearance.

War
North Vietnamese peace delegate Xuan Thuy pressed for a halt in U.S. bombing, while U.S. Ambassador-at-Large Averell Harriman rejected "the suggestion now urged by you that the only reason for our meetings is to give the hour and date for the cessation of bombing."

Diplomacy
Australian Prime Minister John Gorton concluded his two-day state visit to Washington, D.C., which included a conference with U.S. President Lyndon Johnson.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a law banning the burning of draft cards was constitutional; to destroy or otherwise mutilate a draft card was also a crime as stated in a 1965 amendment to the Selective Service Act.

Disasters
The U.S. nuclear submarine Scorpion, with 99 men aboard, failed to show up on schedule at Norfolk, Virginia after a three-month training exercise with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean Sea.

Baseball
National League President Warren Giles announced that the league would add expansion teams in San Diego and Montreal at a cost of U.S.$10 million each, with Montreal becoming the first city outside the United States to be awarded a franchise. The San Diego Padres and Montreal Expos began play in the 1969 season.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Stayin' Alive--Bee Gees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): With a Little Luck--Wings (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Rivers of Babylon/Brown Girl in the Ring--Boney M. (5th week at #1)
2 Ça Plane pour Moi--Plastic Bertrand
3 Night Fever--Bee Gees
4 Substitute--Clout
5 Lady McCorey--BZN
6 Every 1's a Winner--Hot Chocolate
7 Come Back My Love--Darts
8 Met de Vlam in de Pijp--Henk Wijngaard
9 Only a Fool--The Mighty Sparrow with Byron Lee and the Dragonaires
10 Eagle/Thank You for the Music--ABBA

Singles entering the chart were If You Can't Give Me Love by Suzi Quatro (#20); I'll Be Waiting by Santana (#24); Wishing on a Star by Rose Royce (#29); and To the Unknown Man by Vangelis (#33).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 With a Little Luck--Wings (2nd week at #1)
2 Too Much, Too Little, Too Late--Johnny Mathis and Deniece Williams
3 You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
4 Shadow Dancing--Andy Gibb
5 The Closer I Get to You--Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway
6 Baby Hold On--Eddie Money
7 Feels So Good--Chuck Mangione
8 Disco Inferno--The Trammps
9 Imaginary Lover--Atlanta Rhythm Section
10 Night Fever--Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were Miss You by the Rolling Stones (#64); Grease by Frankie Valli (#65); My Angel Baby by Toby Beau (#72); Runaway by Jefferson Starship (#77); Under the Boardwalk by Billy Joe Royal (#80); Over the Rainbow by Gary Tanner (#90); Shame by Evelyn "Champagne" King (#94); Will You Still Love Me Tomorrow by Dave Mason (#95); Love Will Find a Way by Pablo Cruise (#96); and That Once in a Lifetime by Demis Roussos (#97). Grease was the title song of the movie.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 With a Little Luck--Wings
2 The Closer I Get to You--Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway
3 If I Can't Have You--Yvonne Elliman
4 You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
5 Night Fever--Bee Gees
6 Too Much, Too Little, Too Late--Johnny Mathis and Deniece Williams
7 Shadow Dancing--Andy Gibb
8 Thank You for Being a Friend--Andrew Gold
9 Count on Me--Jefferson Starship
10 Disco Inferno--The Trammps

Singles entering the chart were Still the Same by Bob Seger & the Silver Bullet Band (#81); It's Late by Queen (#84); Everybody Dance by Chic (#92); Roll with the Changes by REO Speedwagon (#93); Last Dance by Donna Summer (#95); Take Me Back to Chicago by Chicago (#96); I'm on My Way by Captain and Tennille (#97); Daylight Katy by Gordon Lightfoot (#98); You Needed Me by Anne Murray (#99); and New York City by Ken Tobias (#100).

World events
The Chinese government announced that it would be sending ships to rescue 70,000 Chinese residents from Vietnam, who had been expelled after nationalization of businesses in Vietnam.

Protest
At the first legal Zimbabwean African People’s Union (ZAPU) rally in years, a crowd of 50,000 roared its opposition to the biracial interim government of Rhodesia.

Disasters
At least three were killed when two days of heavy rains sent a 12-foot wall of water surging through a canyon in the Texas panhandle.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ella, Elle L'a--France Gall (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan, on his way to Moscow for a summit with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, stopped in Helsinki, and asserted that the U.S.S.R. was falling short of its commitments when it signed the Helsinki accord on human rights in 1975.

Defense
The United States Senate voted 93-5 to ratify the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Los Angeles Lakers 94 @ Dallas 106 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-1)

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Tribal Dance--2 Unlimited (3rd week at #1)

Terrorism
A bomb exploded outside an art gallery in Florence, killing six people and damaging dozens of works of art.

Crime
A U.S. Navy court-martial sentenced airman Terry Helvey to life in prison in the beating death of Radioman Allen Schindler. The Navy released papers showing that Mr. Helvey had stalked his sodomite victim.

Economics and finance
The Canadian House of Commons passed legislation bringing Canada into the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

The United States House of Representatives voted in favour of President Bill Clinton's program to lower the budget deficit by raising taxes of almost all except the poor, with new steps to reduce spending.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Finals
Toronto 4 @ Los Angeles 5 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Wayne Gretzky scored at 1:41 of the 1st overtime period to give the Kings their win over the Maple Leafs at Great Western Forum in Inglewood, California. Wendel Clark scored 3 goals for Toronto, with his third goal tying the score with 1:21 remaining in regulation time.

20 years ago
1998


Terrorism
Michael Fortier, the U.S. government's star witness in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing case, was sentenced to 12 years in prison after apologizing for not warning anyone about the deadly plot.

Economics and finance
The financial markets of Russia were near collapse, and the Russian government took drastic steps to preserve the value of currency and halt the exodus of foreign investors.

Academia
The Canadian Parliament passed Bill C-36, making it possible to implement the distribution of Millennium scholarships to Canadian students.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Indiana 87 @ Chicago 106 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-2)

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Franz Künstler, 107
. Austro-Hungarian soldier. Mr. Künstler fought in both world wars, and was the last surviving veteran to have fought for the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the last surviving veteran to have fought for the Central Powers in World War I.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Los Angeles Lakers 93 @ San Antonio 91 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Saturday, 26 May 2018

May 26, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Isatou Ndow!

725 years ago
1293


Disasters
An earthquake struck Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan, killing about 30,000.

480 years ago
1538


World events
Protestant reformer John Calvin and his followers were expelled from Geneva, Switzerland. Mr. Calvin lived in exile in Strasbourg, France for the next three years.

225 years ago
1793


Exploration
George Vancouver explored the Pacific coast of North America, circumnavigating the island that now bears his name. He just missed meeting Alexander Mackenzie, who had come overland.

200 years ago
1818


Died on this date
Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, 56
. Russian military officer and politician. Prince Michael was a Field Marshal in the Imperial Russian Army who was best known for his military reforms and leadership during the 1812 invasion of Russia by French forces commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte. Prince Michael was Governor-General of Finland from 1809-1810. He died while on a visit to Germany.

Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza, 33. Chilean guerrilla leader. Mr. Rodríguez opposed Spanish rule of Chile, and is regarded as one of the founders of modern Chile. He was assassinated in Til-Til by soliders after being imprisoned on the order of Supreme Director Bernardo O'Higgins, who was largely blamed for the assassination.

150 years ago
1868


Died on this date
Michael Barrett, 26 or 27
. Irish nationalist. A Fenian, Mr. Barrett was convicted for his role in the bombing of Clerkenwell prison in December 1867. A bomb was placed in a wheelbarrow outside the prison in an attempt to blow a hole in the wall so that Fenian criminal Richard O’Sullivan-Burke could escape. The bomb was more powerful than expected, and 12 people from the neighbourhood were killed, and over 50 injured. Mr. Barrett was accused of laying the explosive charge in the wheelbarrow. Mr. Barrett was executed outside the walls of Newgate Prison in what turned out to be the last public hanging in Britain. A crowd of 2,000 booed, cheered, and sang Rule Britannia and Champagne Charlie as the trap was sprung. Those were definitely the good old days.

Canadiana
The design of the Great Seal of Canada, with the arms of the four provinces was approved by royal warrant of Queen Victoria.

Politics and government
After previously failing, by one vote, to convict President Andrew Johnson on the 11th article of impeachment, the United States Senate failed by the same margin (35-19) to convict President Johnson on articles 2 and 3. At this point the Senate voted to adjourn the impeachment trial without considering the remaining articles. When President Johnson received the news, he broke into tears. 10 of 11 articles concerned the Tenure and Army Appropriations Acts; the last article claimed that President Johnson had attempted to undermine the Congress.

130 years ago
1888

Baseball

With flawless fielding and 3 hits‚ Hardie Richardson of the Detroit Wolverines starred in a 9-8 win over the Chicago White Stockings at West Side Park in Chicago. His last hit was a game-winning home run in the 9th inning.

120 years ago
1898


Law
The Judicial Committee of the Imperial Privy Council ruled in London that the government of Canada had sole power to regulate Canada's ocean fisheries.

110 years ago
1908


Died on this date
Mirzā Ghulām Ahmad, 73
. Indian religious leader. Mr. Ghulam Ahmad founded the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam, claiming to be the promised the promised Messiah and Mahdi, in the likeness of Jesus, and a subordinate prophet within Islam. He denied that Jesus died on the cross, but rather survived crucifixion and went on to die a natural death. Mr. Ghulam Ahmad opposed the use of jihad (holy war) to spread Islam. He died of dysentery, having already acquired 400,000 followers. The Ahmadiyya Movement currently has an estimated 10 million-20 million adherents.

Oil
The first major oil strike in the Middle East took place as Canadian engineers working for British entrepreneur William Knox D'Arcy hit a gusher in Masjid-i-Suleiman in present-day Iran. The rights to the resource were quickly acquired by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company.

100 years ago
1918

Baseball

In a Sunday game before 14,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington‚ the Nationals and Detroit Tigers replayed a 2-2 16-inning tie that had opened their series on May 24. The Nationals, behind the pitching of Walter Johnson, won 4-0‚ allowing 4 hits in 9 innings and extending his scoreless inning streak to 40 and improving his 1918 record to 7-4. The Big Train also had a single‚ triple and a walk in 3 plate appearances‚ to raise his batting average to .323.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored all their runs in the 8th inning to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 4-3 at Redland Field.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Joseph R. Reid
. U.S. aviator. Mr. Reid, a reserve air mail pilot, was killed in a plane crash near Richmond, Virginia.

Diplomacy
Japan pledged the United States "most cordial cooperation" in an anti-war treaty.

Education
The 5th U.S. National Oratorical Contest was on in Washington, D.C. by James R. Moore, 17, of Somerset Connecticut. Second was Elliott Norquist, 18, of Kansas City; third was Charles J. Olson, 16, of Worcester, Massachusetts.

Track and field
55 of the 274 entrants who had left Los Angeles on March 4 in a foot race across the United States arrived in New York City. The winner was Andrew Payne of Oklahoma; the runner-up was John Salo of Passaic, New Jersey.

Soccer
The World Cup came into being when Jules Rimet, president of FIFA, soccer's world congress and ruling body, persuaded it to organize a new competition, open to all member nations, beginning in 1930. The Jules Rimet Trophy is given today to each championship team.

80 years ago
1938


Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) began its first session. The committee's chairman was Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas).

75 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Edsel Ford, 49
. U.S. automobile executive. Mr. Ford, the son of Henry Ford, was president of the Ford Motor Company from 1919 until his death. He founded and named the Mercury division of automobiles, introduced the Ford Model A, and purchased the Lincoln Motor Company. Mr. Ford died of brucellosis after an operation for stomach cancer. The car known as the Edsel, (model years 1958-1960) was named after him.

War
A U.K. Royal Air Force bomber fleet of 500 planes made a heavy raid on the German munitions centre of Dusseldorf. More than 400 Allied planes bombed airfields, ports, railroads, and factories in Sicily, Sardinia, and Pantelleria. U.S. Army troops attacked a Japanese force on a ridge to the northwest o Chichagof Valley on Attu Island.

Diplomacy
Liberian President Edwin Barclay and President-elect William Tubman visited U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, with Mr. Barclay becoming the first Negro to stay in the White House as a guest.

U.S. President Roosevelt appointed U.S. Navy Vice Admiral William Glassford as his representative to French West Africa, with the rank of minister.

Politics and government
The Moslem League formed a government in the Northwest Frontier Province of India, with Mohammed Aurangzeb Khan as Premier.

Education
The Legislative Assembly of Quebec passed a law requiring free and compulsory education in the province for children aged 6-14.

Boxing
Manuel Ortiz (49-11-2) retained his world bantamweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Joe Robleto (17-17-7) at Municipal Auditorium in Long Beach, California.

70 years ago
1948


War
The Arab League in Amman rejected the United Nations Security Council' appeal for a truce in Palestine.

Politics and government
The Herenigde Nasionale Party (Reunited National Party), led by Daniel François Malan, combined with the Afrikaner Party to defeat the governing Union Party of Prime Minister Jan Smuts in the South African general election, with Field Marshal Smuts losing his seat in Standerton, Transvaal. The HNP won 70 of the 153 seats in the House of Assembly, an increase of 27 seats from the most recent election in 1943. The Afrikaner Party, led by Nicolaas Havenga, took 9 seats. The Union Party won 65 seats, a decline of 24 from 1943. The Labour Party, led by John Christie, took 6 seats, and there were three independent candidates elected. The Union Party lost despite taking 49.18% of the vote to 37.70% for the HNP. The UP believed racial integration was inevitable, while the HNP favoured strict segregation, resulting in the implementation of apartheid later in the year.

The Finnish cabinet crisis was resolved when President Juho Paasikivi named leftist Eino Kilpi to replace Yrjo Leino as interior minister, and appointed Communist Hertta Kuusinen as minister without portfolio. Communist leaders cancelled a general strike called on May 22, at the start of the crisis.

Defense
The U.S. Congress passed Public Law 80-557, which permanently established the Civil Air Patrol as an auxiliary of the United States Air Force.

Law
Oklahoma and New Mexico Apaches filed a claim for $8 million against the U.S. government, charging that the tribe had been imprisoned by the Army in Florida, Alabama, and Oklahoma from 1886-1913 and that Apache lands in New Mexico had been given to whites in 1877.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): All I Have to Do is Dream/Claudette--The Everly Brothers (Best Seller--3rd week at #1); All I Have to Do is Dream--The Everly Brothers (Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1; Top 100--2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Del Wertz, 69
. U.S. football and baseball player. Dwight Lyman Moody Wertz played football with four teams in the Ohio League from 1912-1914 and was a shortstop with the Buffalo Buffeds of the Federal League in 1914, with no plate appearances, 1 run, and 1 putout in 3 games.

George Flint. Canadian military officer. Lieutenant-Colonel Flint, chairman of the United Nations Israeli-Jordanian Mixed Armistice Commission, was killed, apparently by a single sniper round from Jordan, while trying to evacuate wounded Israelis from an Israeli police patrol. After Lt.-Col. Flint had proceeded 40 to 50 metres toward the place where the body of a dead Israeli policeman was situated, carrying a white flag, there was a single shot and he was hit by a bullet of apparently the same origin, as the one which had hit the policeman a few minutes earlier.

War
French naval forces under Admiral Philippe-Marie Auboyneau put into Algerian ports as a demonstration of support for the Algerian insurrection.

Defense
Four U.S. transports landed in Beirut with tank parts and other equipment for Lebanese forces.

The U.S. Navy atomic submarine USS Skipjack was launched at Groton, Connecticut.

Politics and government
The Venezuelan cabinet of Rear Admiral Wolfgang Larrazabel resigned.

Television
The U.S. Senate Commerce Committee approved a bill granting up to $1 million to each state for educational television facilities.

Transportation
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Dwight D. Eisenhower a bill authorizing $10 million to complete the 3,200-mile Inter-American Highway, from the U.S.-Mexican border to Panama.

Baseball
Murry Dickson pitched brilliantly in relief for the Kansas City Athletics and clouted his third career major league home run, a game-ending clout leading off the bottom of the 10th inning, to beat the Baltimore Orioles 5-4 before 3,833 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. The veteran pitched 6 2/3 innings of shutout ball, allowing 4 hits and no bases on balls, with 5 strikeouts. Bert Hamric struck out as a pinch hitter for the Orioles in the 6th inning in the 10th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

Eddie Mathews led off the bottom of the 8th inning with a home run to break a 3-3 tie as the Milwaukee Braves edged the Chicago Cubs 4-3 before 16,217 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Frank Torre opened the scoring in the bottom of the 4th inning with a 3-run homer for the Braves.

50 years ago
1968


Died on this date
Doc Ayers, 77
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Yancey Wyatt Ayers played with the Washington Nationals (1913-1919) and Detroit Tigers (1919-1921), compiling a record of 64-78 with an earned run average of 2.84 in 299 games, and batted .171 with no home runs and 23 runs batted in. He threw a spitball, and was one of 17 pitchers who was allowed to keep using it after it was outlawed in 1920. Mr. Ayers died five days after his 77th birthday.

Chippy Gaw, 76. U.S. baseball pitcher. George Joseph Gaw played in 6 games with the Chicago Cubs in 1920, posting a record of 1-1 with an earned run average of 4.85, and batting .250 (1 for 4). He was 105-96 in 10 seasons in the minor leagues from 1911-1921.

Little Willie John, 30. U.S. rhythm and blues singer. William Edward John was best known for recording the original version of Fever in 1956, which hit #24 on the Billboard pop singles chart, and #1 on the rhythm and blues chart. Other hits of his included Talk to Me, Talk to Me (#20, 1958) and Sleep (#13, 1960). Mr. John was convicted of manslaughter after a fatal stabbing following a show in Seattle, and died of a heart attack at Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996.

War
The 320th North Vietnamese Division crossed the Demilitarized Zone to attack the allies at Dongha, according to charges made by U.S. Ambassador-at-Large Averell Harriman at the Paris peace talks five days later.

Diplomacy
Australian Prime Minister John Gorton began a two-day visit to Washington, D.C., which included talks with U.S. President Lyndon Johnson.

Europeana
Traffic in Iceland changed overnight from driving on the left side of the road to driving on the right side.

Disasters
The Brazilian cargo ship Fernaodias sank 90 miles from Salvador, Brazil; three of 24 aboard were missing.

Golf
Bob Lunn won the Memphis Open with a score of 268. First prize money was $20,000.

Baseball
The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox before 23,966 fans at Yankee Stadium, winning 5-1 behind Mel Stottlemyre and scoring 6 runs in the 1st inning while taking the second game 7-6‚ with Bill Monboquette the winning pitcher. In the opener‚ Chicago pitcher Gary Peters batted sixth in the order, ahead of catcher Duane Josephson, shortstop Luis Aparicio, and second baseman Tim Cullen. Mr. Peters went 0 for 2, as the White Sox managed just 4 hits. Tom Tresh and Bobby Cox hit home runs for the Yankees in the first game, and Joe Pepitone homered twice for the Yankees in the second game. For Mr. Cox, his homer was his first in the major leagues. Ellie Rodriguez made his major league debut behind the plate for New York in the first game, batting 0 for 3, with 4 putouts and an assist when he threw out Ken Berry trying to steal second base in the 1st inning.

Andy Etchebarren hit a 2 run home run and Curt Motton drove in 3 runs with a double to help the Baltimore Orioles defeat the Washington Senators 8-7 before 22,344 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Fred Valentine hit a solo homer for Washington in the 4th inning and Frank Howard hit his 19th home run of the season, a 3-run blast in the 7th.

Harmon Killebrew led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a home run to tie the score, and 2 outs later, Ted Uhlaender hit a solo home run to give the Minnesota Twins a 5-4 win over the Boston Red Sox before 15,964 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

After a Jack Aker pitch hit Detroit's Jim Northrup on the batting helmet in the 6th inning‚ a 15-minute fight erupted before 14,587 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Mr. Aker suffered five spike wounds on his right leg, a swollen lip, a cut forehead and a black eye in the brawl and was taken to hospital‚ while a woman in the stands suffered a broken cheekbone when hit by a ball thrown by a Detroit player, after he had been hit by a cup of beer. The Athletics won 7-6 when pinch hitter Rene Lachemann singled home pinch runner Catfish Hunter with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 3 runs in each of the 1st, 5th, and 9th innings to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 9-3 before 42,446 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Phillies opened the scoring when Tony Gonzalez and Johnny Callison led off with singles and Dick Allen followed with a 3-run home run. Woodie Fryman pitched a 10-hit complete game victory, not allowing an earned run.

Willie Stargell led off the top of the 8th inning with a double and scored on a single by Roberto Clemente to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 9-8 lead over the Cincinnati Reds before 9,672 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati, but after the Reds made a pitching change and Mr. Clemente stole second base, the game was called after a 54-minute rain delay, with the score reverting to the previous inning, wiping out the statistics in the 8th inning, ending the game in an 8-8 tie. The Pirates trailed 7-2 before scoring 6 runs in the 6th.

Don Drysdale tied a National League record with his fourth straight shutout as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the Houston Astros 5-0 before 21,493 fans at the Astrodome. It was Mr. Drysdale's 5th win of the year, all shutouts. He also drove in the first run of the game with a single in the 4th inning, and singled and scored the last run in the 9th.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Heartache--Bonnie Tyler (12th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): How Deep is Your Love--Bee Gees (6th week at #1)

Diplomacy
At the United Nations General Assembly special session on disarmament, Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko responded to U.S. Vice President Walter Mondale, saying that the U.S.S.R. was prepared to discuss "substantial" nuclear arms reductions when the SALT II treaty was concluded.

Politics and government
The elections board of the Dominican Republic declared official the results of the May 16 elections, which sent President Joaquin Balaguer down to defeat. Mr. Balaguer and the army, under pressure from the United States, promised to respect the results.

Journalism
It was disclosed that Egyptian President Anwar Sadat had called home 30 Egyptian journalists living abroad to face charges that they had been working "against the national objectives of the Egyptian people."

Abominations
Legalized casino gambling began in Atlantic City, New Jersey, the U.S.A.’s first legal casino outside of Nevada.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals traded pitcher Eric Rasmussen to the San Diego Padres for outfielder George Hendrick. Mr. Rasmussen was 2-5 with an earned run average of 4.20 in 10 games with the Cardinals in 1978, while Mr. Hendrick was batting .243 with 3 home runs and 8 runs batted in in 33 games with the Padres in 1978.

Pinch hitter Jim Spencer hit a grand slam with 1 out in the bottom of the 7th inning to provide the New York Yankees with all their runs as they edged the Toronto Blue Jays 4-3 before 24,171 fans at Yankee Stadium. John Mayberry hit a pair of solo homers for the Blue Jays.

Dwight Evans hit a pair of home runs and Jim Rice hit his 16th homer of the season to lead the Boston Red Sox to a 6-3 win over the Detroit Tigers before 33,431 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Bill Lee went all the way for his 7th win of the year‚ and his 91st as a Red Sox.

Larry Parrish led off the top of the 7th inning with a home run to open the scoring, but Manny Sanguillen responded with a 2-run homer in the bottom of the inning as the Pittsburgh Pirates edged the Montreal Expos 2-1 before 8,816 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. John Candelaria allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 7 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Steve Rogers, who pitched a 4-hit complete game.

Silvio Martinez‚ making his last start for the Springfield Redbirds of the AAA American Association before joining the St. Louis Cardinals‚ pitched a no-hitter to beat the Omaha Royals 4-0.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Eloise--Tino Casal (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Got to Be Certain--Kylie Minogue

War
The Sandanista government of Nicaragua and the Contra rebels began three days of meetings in Managua. The Contras proposed to lay down their arms if the Sandanistas would declare a general amnesty, remove the police and army from Sandanista control, establish an independent judiciary, guarantee free speech, permit non-governmental television channels, and help prepare for a constituent assembly.

Defense
A condition supported by United States Senate Majority Leader Robert Byrd (Democrat--West Virginia) was attached to the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty. The condition established a constitutional Senate authority over the treaty’s interpretation.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 3 @ Edmonton 6 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Wayne Gretzky's powerplay goal at 9:44 of the 2nd period gave the Oilers a 4-2 lead over the Bruins at Northlands Coliseum, and proved to be the winner as the Oilers won their fourth Stanley Cup championship in the past five years. It turned out to be Mr. Gretzky's last game in an Edmonton uniform after 10 years with the Oilers; he was traded to the Los Angeles Kings on August 9, 1988.



Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Detroit 115 @ Boston 119 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Informer--Snow (6th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The German Parliament voted to bar entry to the country to thousands of foreigners seeking asylum who claimed they would suffer persecution in their own countries.

Economics and finance
The Canadian Parliament approved Canada's participation in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). NAFTA became law on January 1, 1994.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Seattle 103 @ Phoenix 99 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

20 years ago
1998


Diplomacy
In London, Emperor Akihito of Japan spoke of his "deep sorrow and pain" over the suffering inflicted by his country during World War II, but did not apologize for the treatment of prisoners of war. Earlier, former prisoners of war, angry over Japan’s refusal to offer a full apology and compensation for the suffering inflicted on them, had turned their backs on Emperor Akihito and whistled the wartime anthem Colonel Bogey as he rode with the Queen in a royal carriage down The Mall.

Society
The first "National Sorry Day" was held in Australia, and reconciliation events were held nationally, and attended by over a million people.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Ellis Island - historic gateway for millions of immigrants - was mainly in New Jersey, not New York.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference
Finals
Detroit 1 @ Dallas 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Sydney Pollack, 73
. U.S. actor, director, and producer. Mr. Pollack won Academy Awards as producer and director of Out of Africa (1985), and was nominated for Oscars for directing They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (1969) and Tootsie (1982). His acting roles included Tootsie and Husbands and Wives (1992). Mr. Pollack died of cancer.

Diplomacy
Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko addressed the Canadian House of Commons and met with Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper.

Politics and government
Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Maxime Bernier resigned over a security breach; he had left classified documents in his former girlfriend's Montreal apartment.

Disasters
Severe flooding began in eastern and southern China that ultimately caused 148 deaths and forced the evacuation of 1.3 million people.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Pittsburgh 0 @ Detroit 3 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Boston 75 @ Detroit 94 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Friday, 25 May 2018

May 25, 2018

280 years ago
1738


War
King George II negotiated a cease-fire between Pennsylvania and Maryland, ending the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners. Hostilities between the two British colonies had begun in 1730.

220 years ago
1798


War
The Battle of Carlow began in the Irish Rebellion of 1798; executions of suspected rebels at Carnew and at Dunlavin Green took place.

100 years ago
1868


Canadiana
The capital of the United Colony of British Columbia was moved from New Westminster to Victoria.

140 years ago
1878


Opera
H.M.S. Pinafore by Gilbert and Sullivan opened at the Opera Comique in London.

Canadiana
Albert James Smith of Dorchester became the first native-born New Brunswicker to be knighted by a British monarch.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Ernest Stoneman
. U.S. musician. Mr. Stoneman was a country singer and songwriter who, with his family members, had a recording career spanning more than 40 years. He died on June 14, 1968, 20 days after his 75th birthday. Mr. Stoneman was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 2008.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
H.C. Doyle, 35
. U.S. aviator and radio manufacturer. Mr. Doyle was killed in a plane crash near Mineola, New York.

Aviation
Captain Emilio Carranza flew from San Diego, California to Mexico City.

Law
The United States House of Representatives passed the bill to build Hoover Dam, and sustained President Calvin Coolidge’s veto of the bill providing for post roads through Indian lands in 11 states.

Scandal
Graft disclosures in the New York City Street Cleaning Department led Mayor Jimmy Walker to summon all department and bureau heads to City Hall and tell them to root out grafters or quit.

It was reported that the United States had collected over $2 million to date in back revenue taxes revealed by Teapot Dome and Continental Trading testimony.

Disasters
The Italian dirigible Italia, on its way back to Kings Bay, Spitzbergen, Norway from a visit to the North Pole, fell 1,500 feet in fog and crashed on an ice pack which tore away and crushed the cabin, killing the chief mechanic, Pommela, and injuring the engineer, Ceccioni, meteorologist Malmgren, and commander General Umberto Nobile. The balloon then reascended, carrying away six men, who were never heard from again. Mr. Malmgren died from exposure.

Eight men died in a gas explosion in a hard coal mine in North Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

80 years ago
1938


War
In the Spanish Civil War, the Italian Aviazione Legionaria bombed the city of Alicante, killing 313 civilians.

Politics and government
Union Nationale candidate Antonio Talbot won a by-election in the riding of Chicoutimi to succeed Unionist Arthur Larouche, who had resigned from the Quebec Legislative Assembly for health reasons.

75 years ago
1943


War
The Trident (Washington) Conference closed after U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill agreed to fix the target date for a cross-English Channel invasion of Europe for May 1944. The two leaders held a press conference, where Mr. Churchill appealed to the Italian people to discard their leaders and thrown themselves upon the justice of the Allies. Because of Allied bombing, the Italian government announced that the Sardinian capital of Cagliari had been abandoned, and all war workers in Sicily and Sardinia were being placed under military control. Japanese forces in China took Changyang on the central Yangtze front.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Marcantonio bill to outlaw the levying of a poll tax by any state as a prerequisite for voting in federal elections.

Protest
Alabama Governor Chauncey Sparks ordered State Guardsmen to patrol Mobile after race riots at the Alabama Drydock & Shipbuilding Company, in which eight men were injured.

Business
The Antitrust Division of the U.S. Justice Department asked the U.S. District Court in New York for a summary judgement against Associated Press as a news monopoly.

Disasters
The Mississippi River burst its levees on the Illinois shore from Columbia to Gale, a distance of 90 miles, putting more than three million acres in six states under water.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Aunt Bessie

Literature
The Stilwell Papers, the World War II memoirs of U.S. Army General Joseph Stilwell, were published in New York by Sloane.

Diplomacy
Israeli President Chaim Weizmann visited U.S. President Harry Truman at the White House, and later expressed hope that the U.S. would lift its arms embargo and grant Israel a loan of $90-100 million.

Politics and government
Chinese Communists reported the establishment of a unified "administrative region" in the "North China Liberated Area," with a population of 40 million.

The Texas Democratic convention directed its national convention delegates to fight President Harry Truman's civil rights program, but pledged its 23 presidential electors to vote for the party nominee. The Texas Republican convention resulted in a victory for U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Ohio), who gained 30 delegates to the national presidential nominating convention. Minnesota Governor and candidate for the Republican Party U.S. presidential nomination Harold Stassen declared that three-quarters of Oregon delegates chosen in the state's presidential primary were his supporters, despite his second-place showing in the popular vote.

Labour
General Motors averted a threatened strike of United Auto Workers of America members by granting workers an 11c hourly wage increase in a contract providing for an automatic cost-of-living increase, the first such provision in the automobile industry.

Golf
Ben Hogan won the PGA Championship at Norwood Hills Country Club in St. Louis, defeating Mike Turnesa 7 and 6 in the match play final round. First prize money was $3,500.

Boxing
World bantamweight champion Manuel Ortiz (80-15-3) won a 10-round split decision over Henry Davis (14-2-5) in a non-title bout at Honolulu Stadium.

60 years ago
1958


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Crocodile Case, starring Pat Hitchcock, Hazel Court, and Denholm Elliott

War
5 French soldiers and 300 Tunisians were killed when Algerian-based French planes bombed and strafed Tunisian troops and civilians fighting French forces near Remada. The Tunisian government proclaimed a state of national emergency.

Politics and government
A centrist coalition led by the Christian Democrats retained power in the Italian general election. The Christian Democrats, led by Amintore Fanfane, took 273 of 596 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 123 of the 246 seats in the Senate.

Protest
A week of rioting against the government of Panamanian President Ernesto de la Guardia ended with eight people dead and 60 wounded in clashes with police.

Politics and government
The Democratic-Farmer-Labor party convention in Rochester, Minnesota endorsed U.S. Representative Eugene McCarthy (Democrat--Minnesota) for the 1958 U.S. senatorial nomination over former U.S. Ambassador to Denmark Eugenie Anderson.

Communications
Toronto received Canada's first direct distance dialing (DDD) telephone system.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: My Year is a Day--Les Irrésistibles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La bambola--Patty Pravo (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Delilah--Tom Jones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): A Man Without Love (Quando M’innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Tighten Up--Archie Bell & the Drells (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Lazy Sunday--Small Faces
2 Congratulations--Cliff Richard
3 Jumbo/The Singer Sang His Song--The Bee Gees
4 Il Est Cinq Heures, Paris S'éveille--Jacques Dutronc
5 If I Only Had Time--John Rowles
6 Delilah--Tom Jones
7 Wonder Boy--The Kinks
8 A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamora)--Engelbert Humperdinck
9 La Felicidad/Pa Wil Niet in Bad (La Felicidad)/Felicidad, de Roddel Van de Stad--Digno Garcia
--Johnny & Rijk
--Eddie Becker
10 Take Time to Know Her--Percy Sledge

Singles entering the chart were Man's Life by the Shoes (#28); I Can't Let Maggie Go by the Honeybus (#32); Ich Bau' dir ein Schloss by Heintje (#34); and Young Girl by the Union Gap (#36).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
2 Tighten Up--Archie Bell & the Drells
3 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
4 The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
5 Cowboys to Girls--The Intruders
6 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
7 Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day--Stevie Wonder
8 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
9 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
10 Do You Know the Way to San Jose--Dionne Warwick

Singles entering the chart were Choo Choo Train by the Box Tops (#65); You Don't Know What You Mean to Me by Sam & Dave (#70); Indian Lake by the Cowsills (#76); Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me by Tiny Tim (#78); Here I Am Baby by the Marvelettes (#89); Anyone for Tennis (The Savage Seven Theme) by Cream (#93); Climb Every Mountain by the Hesitations (#97); Please Stay by the Dave Clark Five (#99); and Lover's Holiday by Peggy Scott and Jo Jo Benson (#100). Anyone for Tennis (The Savage Seven Theme) was a version of the theme from the movie; the song was written by Cream, but performed by the American Revolution in the film.

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel (2nd week at #1)
2 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
3 The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
4 Tighten Up--Archie Bell & the Drells
5 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
6 Love is All Around--The Troggs
7 Cowboys to Girls--The Intruders
8 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
9 Do You Know the Way to San Jose--Dionne Warwick
10 U.S. Male--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were United by Peaches and Herb (#77); Choo Choo Train by the Box Tops (#81); Sky Pilot (Part One) by Eric Burdon and the Animals (#82); Indian Lake by the Cowsills (#83); It's Over by Eddy Arnold (#85); I Got You Babe by Etta James (#87); I'll Never Do You Wrong by Joe Tex (#88); Licking Stick - Licking Stick (Part 1) by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#90); My Shy Violet by the Mills Brothers (#94); Helule Helule by the Tremeloes (#98); The Look of Love by Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66 (#99); and Anyone for Tennis (The Savage Seven Theme) by Cream (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Louisiana Man--Bobbie Gentry
2 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
3 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
4 Delilah--Tom Jones
5 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
6 If I were a Carpenter--Four Tops
7 Do You Know the Way to San Jose--Dionne Warwick
8 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
9 Here's to You--Hamilton Camp
10 Red Red Wine--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were MacArthur Park by Richard Harris (#24); I Wanna Live by Glen Campbell (#26); Think by Aretha Franklin (#28); and Jelly Jungle (Of Orange Marmalade) by the Lemon Pipers (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Yummy, Yummy, Yummy--Ohio Express
2 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
3 Blue Bonnie Blue--49th Parallel
4 Goin' Away--The Fireballs
5 I Love You--People
6 Harlem Lady--The Witness, Inc.
7 My Girl/Hey Girl--Bobby Vee
8 Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)--Johnny Farnham
9 A Question of Temperature--Balloon Farm
10 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
Pick hit of the week: Delilah--Tom Jones

Americana
The Gateway Arch in St. Louis was dedicated.

War
Viet Cong squads invaded Saigon in large numbers as Communist forces launched another attack on the South Vietnamese capital.

Protest
Three days of clashes between students and police in France concluded.

40 years ago
1978

World events

12 leftist politicians in Peru, who had called for a general strike after elections were postponed, were expelled to Argentina. Other leftist leaders went underground to avoid arrest.

French paratroopers began to withdraw from the Zairian town of Kolwezi, five days after completing the rescue of 2,500 Europeans who had been trapped there when fighting broke out between government troops and secessionist rebels. The French left only a token force in place.

War
Iraq was reported to have threatened to break diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union if the Soviets helped the Ethiopians against the Eritreans, who were being supported by Iraq in their attempt to secede from Ethiopia. It was also reported that Cuban dictator Fidel Castro was reluctant to commit Cuban troops to fight in Eritrea.

Diplomacy
French President Valery Giscard d’Estaing hinted to the United Nations General Assembly that France might not join the Geneva disarmament talks if those talks were not controlled by the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R.

U.S. National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski returned to Washington from a 5-day tour of China, Japan, and South Korea. In South Korea that day, his visit did not calm Korean fears of U.S. troop withdrawals, despite his assurances of continued U.S. support.

Terrorism
The first bomb of a series of bombings orchestrated by the Unabomber detonated at Northwestern University, resulting in minor injuries.

Scandal
Sanjay Gandhi, son of former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, was ordered to face trial for refusing to testify before the commission of inquiry investigating acts committed by him and his mother during Mrs. Gandhi’s emergency rule government in 1975.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 4 @ Boston 1 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Mario Tremblay scored goals in the 1st and 2nd periods, with his first goal, at 9:20 of the 1st period, proving to be the winner as the Canadiens overcame an early 1-0 deficit to defeat the Bruins at Boston Garden for their third consecutive Stanley Cup championship. The Bruins mustered just 16 shots on Montreal goalie Ken Dryden. It was the last game for Sam Pollock as general manager of the Canadiens, and his ninth Stanley Cup championship in that position.



Basketball
NBA
Finals
Seattle 98 @ Washington 106 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Bobby Dandridge scored 34 points to lead the Bullets over the SuperSonics before 19,035 fans at Capital Center in Landover, Maryland.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Only One Woman--Alien

On television tonight
St. Elsewhere, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Last One

As the title suggests, this was the last episode of the series, which was in its sixth season.

Died on this date
Ernst Ruska, 81
. German physicist. Dr. Ruska won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986 for his work in electron optics, including the design of the first electron microscope.

Diplomacy
Panamanian dictator General Manuel Noriega rejected an American proposal to drop indictments against him in the United States on drug charges if he would leave Panama. U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz was the chief advocate of dropping the indictments, arguing that the indictments were less important than getting Gen. Noriega out of Panama. The proposal drew criticism from ousted Panamanian President Eric Delvalle, as well as from people within the U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Dallas 101 @ Los Angeles Lakers 123 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-0)

25 years ago
1993


Politics and government
15 years of Progressive Conservative government ended when the Liberals, led by John Savage, won 40 of 52 seats in the House of Assembly in the Nova Scotia provincial election, an increase of 19 seats from before the election. The PCs, led by Premier Donald Cameron, dropped to 9 seats, while the New Democratic Party, led by Alexa McDonough, won the remaining 3 seats. Wayne Adams, a Liberal, was elected in Preston, becoming Nova Scotia's first Negro MLA.

Scandal
The U.S. administration reinstated five of the seven members of the White House travel staff who had been dismissed from their jobs six days earlier.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Finals
Los Angeles 2 @ Toronto 3 (OT) (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Glenn Anderson scored with 40 seconds remaining in the 1st overtime period to give the Maple Leafs their win over the Kings at Maple Leaf Gardens.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Chicago 91 @ New York 96 (New York led best-of-seven series 2-0)

20 years ago
1998


Defense
Lieutenant Colonel Karen McCrimmon took command of a transport squadron at Canadian Forces Base Trenton, Ontario, becoming the first woman to lead a front-line operations unit in the Canadian military.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Finals
Buffalo 2 @ Washington 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Todd Krygier scored at 3:01 of the 1st overtime period to give the Capitals their win over the Sabres at Verizon Center. Matthew Barnaby had tied the score for the Sabres with a powerplay goal with 57 seconds remaining in regulation time.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Chicago 94 @ Indiana 96 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

10 years ago
2008


Space
NASA's Phoenix lander landed in the Green Valley region of Mars to search for environments suitable for water and microbial life. The lander featured a Canadian-built weather station.

Auto racing
Pole-sitter Scott Dixon won the Indianapolis 500, becoming the first driver from New Zealand to win the race. He completed the 200 laps in a time of 3:28:57.6792, an average speed of 143.567 miles per hour.



Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Los Angeles Lakers 84 @ San Antonio 103 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-1)