650 years ago
Troops of the Republic of Pisa and the Republic of Florence clashed in the Battle of Cascina in Italy.
220 years ago
Died on this date
Maximilien de Robespierre, 36; Louis Antoine de Saint-Just, 26. French politicians. Messrs. Robespierre and Saint-Just were members of the Committee for Public Safety who were executed by guillotine for their roles in the Reign of Terror.
160 years ago
USS Constellation, the last all-sail warship built by the United States Navy, was commissioned.
150 years ago
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate troops made a third unsuccessful attempt to drive Union forces from Atlanta in the Battle of Ezra Church in Fulton County, Georgia.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Carmen Dragon. U.S. composer and conductor. Mr. Dragon conducted the Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra for many years. He and Morris Stoloff shared the Academy Award for Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture for Cover Girl (1944). Mr. Dragon was the father of Daryl Dragon, the Captain of the duo Captain and Tennille, who had a string of hits on the pop charts from 1975-1980. Carmen Dragon died on March 28, 1984 at the age of 69.
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia after Serbia rejected the conditions of an ultimatum sent by Austria on July 23 following the June 28 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. Austria-Hungary's declaration began World War I.
The Cleveland Naps traded pitcher Vean Gregg to the Boston Red Sox for pitchers Fritz Coumbe and Rankin Johnson and catcher Ben Egan. Mr. Gregg had won 20 or more games in each of his first 3 seasons from 1911-1913, but had come down with a sore arm in 1914. He was still able to post a 9-3 record with Cleveland in 1914 before being traded to Boston.
80 years ago
Died on this date
Marie Dressler, 65. Canadian-born U.S. actress. Miss Dressler, born Leila Marie Koerber in Cobourg, Ontario, won the Academy Award for Best Actress of 1930-1931 for Min and Bill (1930). Other notable movies of hers included Tillie's Punctured Romance (1914); Anna Christie (1930); and Dinner at Eight (1933).
80 years ago
Chuck Dressen replaced Bob O’Farrell as manager of the Cincinnati Reds, who currently sat eighth and last in the National League with a record of 31-60. For Mr. Dressen, it was the beginning of a 16-year managerial career that would total 1,990 regular season games.
75 years ago
Ken Chase of the Washington Nationals gave up 2 hits in the 9th inning to lose his bid for a no-hitter, but held on to beat Bob Feller and the Cleveland Indians 2-0 before 5,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Skeeter Webb had the first Cleveland hit. Mr. Chase improved his record for the season to 5-13, while Mr. Feller fell to 15-5.
70 years ago
Soviet units in Poland captured Brest-Litovsk and Przemysl.
Crowds of nationalist demonstrators in Buenos Aires stoned U.K.-owned commercial establishments and were held off from the U.S. embassy by police.
Politics and government
New York Governor and Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Thomas Dewey said that he opposed the renomination of Rep. Hamilton Fish for the November 1944 election for the U.S. House of Representatives because Mr. Fish had charged that "Jews are more or less for the New Deal, unfortunately."
50 years ago
The United States launched the probe Ranger 7 toward the moon. Its mission was to send back high-resolution photographs of the lunar surface before crashing.
Saskatchewan (0-2) 18 @ Winnipeg (1-2) 19
40 years ago
Died on this date
Don McCafferty, 53. U.S. football coach. Mr. McCafferty was an end with the New York Giants in 1946 before embarking on a coaching career. He spent 11 seasons as an assistant coach at Kent State University, followed by 11 seasons (1959-1969) as an assistant coach with the Baltimore Colts under head coaches Weeb Ewbank and Don Shula. When Mr. Shula went to the Miami Dolphins in 1970, Mr. McCafferty replaced him as head coach of the Colts, and led the team to the Super Bowl championship, becoming the first rookie head coach to win a Super Bowl. The Colts made the playoffs again in 1971, but when they got off to a poor start in 1972, Mr. McCafferty was fired when he refused to bench veteran quarterback Johnny Unitas. Mr. McCafferty became head coach of the Detroit Lions in 1973, leading them to a 6-7-1 record. He was preparing for another season when he died of a heart attack after mowing the lawn at his home. Rick Forzano replaced him as head coach of the Lions.
Spetsgruppa A, aka Alpha Group, The U.S.S.R.'s elite special force, was formed.
At least 69 people were killed and 10 seriously injured when a bus collided with a truck 250 miles south of Belem, Brazil.
30 years ago
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Self Control--Raf (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go--Wham! (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go--Wham! (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hole in My Shoe--neil
#1 single in the U.K.: Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (7th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): When Doves Cry--Prince (4th week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 When Doves Cry--Prince (3rd week at #1)
2 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr.
3 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
4 State of Shock--The Jacksons with Mick Jagger
5 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol
6 Jump (For My Love)--The Pointer Sisters
7 The Reflex--Duran Duran
8 Infatuation--Rod Stewart
9 Almost Paradise...Love Theme from Footloose--Mike Reno and Ann Wilson
10 Sad Songs (Say So Much)--Elton John
Singles entering the chart were Only When You Leave by Spandau Ballet (#76); Reach Out by Giorgio Moroder (featuring Paul Engemann) (#85); 99 1/2 by Carol Lynn Townes (#87); I Didn't Mean to Turn You On by Cherrelle (#88); Go Insane by Lindsey Buckingham (#89); and We're Not Gonna Take It by Twisted Sister (#90).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Sister Christian--Night Ranger
2 Self Control--Laura Branigan
3 Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry
4 When Doves Cry--Prince
5 Almost Paradise...Love Theme from Footloose--Mike Reno and Ann Wilson
6 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
7 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr.
8 State of Shock--The Jacksons with Mick Jagger
9 Jump (For My Love)--Pointer Sisters
10 Legs--ZZ Top
Singles entering the chart were Rock Me Tonite by Billy Squier (#42); Only When You Leave by Spandau Ballet (#43); Go for Soda by Kim Mitchell (#46); Missing You by John Waite (#47); I Can Dream About You by Dan Hartman (#48); Don't Tell Me by Blancmange (#49); and If Ever You're In My Arms Again by Peabo Bryson (#50).
The U.S.A. sent a new draft for a joint statement on proposed talks with the U.S.S.R. on banning space weapons to Moscow.
U.S. President Ronald Reagan officially opened the Games of the XXIII Olympiad at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Gina Hemphill, granddaughter of 1936 Olympics star Jesse Owens, circled the track with the torch, and Rafer Johnson, the 1960 decathlon champion, lit the flame.
Winnipeg (3-1) 42 @ Hamilton (1-3-1) 20
Montreal (1-3) 7 @ British Columbia (3-1) 22
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Batdance--Prince (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das Omen (Teil I)--Mysterious Art (5th week at #1)
Israeli commandos abducted Sheik Abdul Karim Obeid, a spiritual leader of the Party of God, a Shiite Muslim group in southern Lebanon. An Israeli army statement said that Sheik Obeid had been "arrested" for planning attacks against Israel.
Hamilton (3-0) 34 @ Saskatchewan (2-1) 17
The game at Taylor Field in Regina was interrupted by a thunderstorm which knocked out power and caused a lengthy delay.
20 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Wizards of the Sonic--WestBam
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (13th week at #1)
35,000 people attended the first Lollapalooza festival in Molson Park in Barrie, Ontario featuring Smashing Pumpkins, the Beastie Boys, and George Clinton; rain turned the park into a sea of mud.
The Supreme Court of Canada refused an appeal of a lower court ruling awarding retired National Hockey League players an estimated $45 million from the league in surplus pension funds.
Ottawa (2-2) 53 @ Hamilton (0-4) 25
Baltimore (2-2) 32 @ Winnipeg (2-2) 39
Kenny Rogers of the Texas Rangers pitched a perfect game as the Rangers blanked the California Angels 4-0 before 46,581 fans at the Ballpark in Arlington, Texas. Center fielder Rusty Greer saved the masterpiece with a diving catch with none out in the top of the ninth inning.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Francis Crick, 88. U.K. biologist. Dr. Crick co-discovered the DNA molecule with James Watson in 1953. Drs. Crick and Watson and Maurice Wilkins shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material."
At least 70 people were killed when a suicide bomb was detonated outside a police station in Baquba, Iraq.
Iraqi forces and foreign troops attacked an insurgent stronghold south of Baghdad, killing 35 terrorists.
Politics and government
At the FleetCenter in Boston, the Democratic National Convention nominated U.S. Senator John Kerry (Massachusetts) as its candidate for President of the United States in the November 2004 election.
After 24 years of service in Afghanistan, the humanitarian group Medecins sans Frontieres announced that it planned to leave the country because the Afghan government had failed to prosecute the suspect in the murder of five of its aid workers.
Economics and finance
Ignoring a proposal from a legislative committee, New Brunswick Premier Bernard Lord forced insurance companies in the province to offer inexpensive, no-frills options and to tighten regulations in an attempt to bring down rates.
Scene: Vintage Bike Show at Trinity Bellwoods - A showcase of the coolest bicycles no one in their right mind should ever try to ride. [image: 1870sBike] WHERE: Trinity Bellwoods Park WHEN: Sunday, July...
45 minutes ago