Saturday, May 28, 2016

May 28, 2016

200 years ago
1816


Died on this date
Wolde Selassie, 71 (?)
. Ethiopian warlord. Wolde Selassie succeeded in subduing rivals and controlling much of Ethiopia in the early 19th century, with Emperor Egwale Seyon being a figurehead ruler. Wolde Selassie was the first Ethiopian ruler to have close contact with Europeans, and pursued friendly relations with the United Kingdom.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Walker Percy
. U.S. author. Mr. Percy was based in Covington, Louisiana, and was known for writing novels set in and around New Orleans. His first novel, The Moviegoer (1961), won the National Book Award for Fiction. Mr. Percy joined the Roman Catholic Church in 1947 and his works of fiction and non-fiction reflected his Catholic faith. His best-known work of non-fiction was probably Lost in the Cosmos (1983). Mr. Percy died on May 10, 1990, 18 days before his 74th birthday.

War
British Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig advised the Canadian government of Prime Minister Robert Borden to abandon the Canadian Ross Rifle, since it overheated and jammed in combat; his recommendation was accepted by the government after the issue became public.

80 years ago
1936


Baseball
Goose Goslin drove in all the Detroit Tigers' runs with an outfield fly in the 2nd inning and hit a grand slam in the 7th, but the Chicago White Sox rallied for 4 runs in the top of the 9th to beat the Tigers 6-5 at Navin Field in Detroit.

The Brooklyn Dodgers scored 6 runs in the top of the 9th inning and held on to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 13-10 before 1,000 fans at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Tom Zachary entered the game in relief for Philadelphia with 2 out in the top of the 8th; after retirinf the next batter to end the inning, he faced 5 batters in the 9th, and allowed 4 hits, a base on balls, 5 runs--4 earned--and was charged with the loss to drop to 0-3 for the season. For Mr. Zachary, it was the 546th and final game of his 19-year major league career.

75 years ago
1941


War
British forces began the evacuation of Crete under heavy German pressure. The German command announced the capture by German and Italian troops of Halfaya Pass in Egypt southeast of Solum.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt told a special press conference that he had no intention of asking Congress to repeal or modify the Neutrality Act, and that he did not plan to institute convoys for war material being shipped to Britain. The U.S. Maritime Commission requisitioned the 26,454-ton liner America, the largest merchant ship ever built in the United States, which would be turned over to the Navy.

Aviation
A spinproof private plane designed by Dr. Otto Koppen for General Aircraft Corporation was demonstrated in Newark, New Jersey.

Scandal
Former Kansas City Democratic Party boss Tom Pendergast and two other men were found guilty of contempt for deceiving a U.S. federal court in a $10-million fire insurance settlement.

Economics and finance
U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes urged priorities on gasoline, oil, and electric power on the Eastern seaboard because of the increasing shortage.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor Executive Council pledged its support for U.S. President Roosevelt's plea for labour peace, and called upon its unions to refrain from striking against defense industries without first seeking mediation.

International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) President Harry Bridges, a native of Australia, testified at his U.S. deportation hearing that he now or ever was a member of the Communist Party. It wasn't until the 1990s that it was revealed that Mr. Bridges had lied.

Boxing
Tony Zale (48-15-2) retained his National Boxing Association world middleweight title with a knockout of Al Hostak (54-5-8) at 2:32 of the 2nd round at Chicago Stadium Outdoor Arena. Mr. Zale was knocked down for no count in the 1st round, but knocked Mr. Hostak down 8 times in the 2nd round.

Baseball
George Selkirk came to bat as a pinch hitter and hit a grand slam to climax a 5-run 8th inning to lead the New York Yankees past the Washington Nationals 6-5 before 25,000 fans in the first night game ever played at Griffith Stadium in Washington.

The Philadelphia Athletics scored 2 runs in the top of the 16th inning to defeat the Boston Red Sox 8-6 before 1,400 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Philadelphia third baseman Pete Suder batted 4 for 7 with a double, 3-run home run, and 4 runs batted in. Boston third baseman Jim Tabor also hit a 3-run homer, with both blasts coming in the 6th inning. Tom Ferrick allowed 8 hits and 1 earned run in 10 innings to get the win in relief of Bill Beckmann, who allowed 7 hits and 5 earned runs in 6 innings.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Carter Glass, 88
. U.S. politician. Mr. Glass, a Democrat, represented Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1899-1918 and in the Senate from 1920 until his death. He was Secretary of the Treasury in the administration of President Woodrow Wilson from 1918-1920.

World events
Romanian police entered the U.S. military mission in Bucharest and arrested three Romanians employed there.

Diplomacy
Rulers of seven Arab states met on the estate of King Farouk of Egypt to discuss the Palestine problem.

Defense
U.S. Army General Dwight Eisenhower and U.S. Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz addressed the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee, where they urged military collaboration with Latin American nations and possibly Canada.

Politics and government
Manuel Roxas was inaugurated in Manila as President of the Philippines.

Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes and French Foreign Minister Leon Blum signed agreements in Washington settling Lend-Lease accounts and extending two credits to France totalling $137 billion.

The British House of Commons approved the government's notice of its intention to nationalize parts of the iron and steel industry.

Labour
American Federation of Musicians President James Petrillo told reporters that he was ready to test the Lea Act after Chicago radio station WAAF refused to hire more musicians.

Disasters
Flooding along the Susquehanna River and its tributaries left 20 people dead or missing, and $3 million in damage in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and southern New York.

60 years ago
1956


Baseball
Dale Long hit a home run in his eighth straight game to help the Pittsburgh Pirates defeat the Brooklyn Dodgers 3-2 before 32,221 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Mr. Long homered off Brooklyn starter and eventual losing pitcher Carl Erskine to lead off the bottom of the 4th inning, tying the game 2-2. Bob Friend pitched a 2-hit complete game victory, shutting the Dodgers out after walking Jim Gilliam to lead off the game, and surrendering a 2-run homer to Duke Snider with 1 out in the 1st. Mr. Long's streak of home runs in consecutive games remains the National League record, and stood alone as the major league record until tied by Don Mattingly of the New York Yankees in 1987 and Ken Griffey, Jr. of the Seattle Mariners in 1993.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hitch Hiker--Bobby and Laurie (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Cheveux Longs, Idées Courtes--Johnny Hallyday

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Michelle--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Hundert Mann und ein Befehl--Freddy Quinn

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sloop John B--The Beach Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): When a Man Loves a Woman--Percy Sledge

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 When a Man Loves a Woman--Percy Sledge
2 Monday, Monday--The Mamas and the Papas
3 A Groovy Kind of Love--The Mindbenders
4 Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones
5 It's a Man's Man's Man's World--James Brown and the Famous Flames
6 I Am a Rock--Simon and Garfunkel
7 Rainy Day Women #12 & 35--Bob Dylan
8 Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind--The Lovin' Spoonful
9 Message to Michael-Dionne Warwick
10 Love is Like an Itching in My Heart--The Supremes

Singles entering the chart were Let's Go Get Stoned by Ray Charles (#64); Crying by Jay & the Americans (#71); Truly Yours by the Spinners (#74); Loving You is Sweeter than Ever by the Four Tops (#77); Ninety-Nine and a Half (Won't Do) by Wilson Pickett (#81); When a Woman Loves a Man by Esther Phillips (#87); Popsicle by Jan & Dean (#89); Hanky Panky by Tommy James and the Shondells (#91); Younger Girl by the Hondells (#92); Along Comes Mary by the Association (#93); Cloudy Summer Afternoon (Raindrops) by Barry McGuire (#95); Sweet Pea by Tommy Roe (#97); He's Ready by the Poppies (#99); Little Girl by the Syndicate of Sound (#100); Heart's Desire by Billy Joe Royal (also #100); and Farmer John by the Tidal Waves (also #100).

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Mississippi--Pussycat (11th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Fernando--ABBA (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Fernando--ABBA (9th week at #1)

Education
It was the last day of classes for the 1975-76 year at Sir John Franklin Territorial High School in Yellowknife; for this blogger, it was the last day of classes ever in Yellowknife. William McDonald Junior High School in Yellowknife held its awards night.

Defense
The U.S. and U.S.S.R. signed a treaty limiting the size of underground nuclear explosions for peaceful purposes, and providing for on-site U.S. inspections of Soviet tests.

The United Nations Security Council extended for six months the Golan Heights observer force.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): The Final Countdown--Europe

25 years ago
1991


War
Addis Ababa fell to the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, ending both the Derg regime in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Civil War.

Business
Edmonton-based Mel Hurtig sold Hurtig Publishing Ltd.--with a 100-book backlist including the Canadian Encyclopedia--to Avie Bennett's McClelland & Stewart.

20 years ago
1996


Politics and government
Premier Glen Clark led his governing New Democratic Party to a reduced majority government in the British Columbia provincial election; the NDP won 39 of 75 seats in the legislature, down from 51 in the 1991 election. The Liberal Party, led by Gordon Campbell, won 33 seats, up from 17 in 1991. The Reform Party, led by Jack Weisgerber, won 2 seats, and Progressive Democratic Party leader Gordon Wilson, formerly the Liberal leader, was elected. The Social Credit Party, which had governed the province from 1975-1991, failed to elect any of its 38 candidates, and was on its way to oblivion. Although the NDP majority was considerably reduced, it was considered a major surprise that the NDP retained power at all, as the Liberals had been 20% ahead of the NDP in polls conducted at the time the election was called on April 30. Liberal Ida Chong and NDP member Jenny Kwan became B.C.’s first Chinese Canadian MLAs.

Scandal
U.S. President Bill Clinton's former business partners in the Whitewater land deal, Jim McDougal and Susan McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker, were convicted of fraud.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Florida 0 @ Pittsburgh 3 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-2)

10 years ago
2006


Auto racing
Sam Hornish, Jr. won the Indianapolis 500, passing rookie Marco Andretti 450 feet from the finish line to win by 0.0635 seconds in one of the closest finishes on record (see video). Defending champion Dan Wheldon led for 148 laps, but was forced to pit early because of a punctured tire, and finished fourth.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Buffalo 3 @ Carolina 4 (OT) (Carolina led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Cory Stillman scored at 8:46 of the 1st overtime period to give the Hurricanes their win over the Sabres at RBC Center in Raleigh, North Carolina.

Friday, May 27, 2016

May 27, 2016

170 years ago
1846


Politics and government
John A. Macdonald (Conservative--Kingston) made his first speech in the Canadian Legislative Assembly in Montreal, advocating repeal of usury laws. Mr. Macdonald had been elected to the Assembly in 1844.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Claude Champagne
. Canadian composer. Mr. Champagne, a native of Montreal, wrote numerous choral works, but was perhaps best known as a professor at the McGill University Conservatory. He died on December 21, 1965 at the age of 74.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald, 76, suffered a stroke, leaving him mentally alert, but partially paralyzed and unable to speak.

120 years ago
1896


Disasters
The F4-strength 1896 St. Louis–East St. Louis tornado hit in St. Louis, Missouri, and East St. Louis, Illinois, killing at least 255 people and causing $2.9 billion in damage (in 1997 U.S. dollars).

80 years ago
1936


Transportation
The British ocean liner Queen Mary left England on its maiden voyage, arriving in France four hours later.

75 years ago
1941


War
British ships sank the German battleship Bismarck off the coast of France, resulting in the loss of 2,300 lives. German forces capture the Cretan capital of Canea.

Defense
A Japanese official said in a Tokyo radio broadcast that Japan had 500 warships and 4,000 naval planes in fighting order. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaimed that "an unlimited national emergency confronts this country, which requires that its military, naval, air and civilian defenses be put on the basis of readiness to repel any and all acts or threats of aggression directed toward any part of the Western Hemisphere." Mr. Roosevelt reasserted the doctrine of freedom of the seas, and aksed Congress for additional appropriations of over $3.3 billion for aircraft construction.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill extending for two years President Roosevelt's power to operate the $2-billion Exchange Stabilization Fund and to alter the gold content of the dollar.

Labour
American Federation of Labor President William Green denounced the San Francisco shipyard strike.

Chess
U.S.champion Samuel Reshevsky retained his title with two games remaining by drawing the 14th game with Israel Horowitz in New York.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (2nd week at #1)
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
2 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
3 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
4 Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra
--Frank Sinatra
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
5 All Through the Day--Frank Sinatra
--Perry Como
6 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
7 Shoo Fly Pie (And Apple Pan Dowdy)--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
8 Cement Mixer (Put-ti Put-ti)--Alvino Rey and his Orchestra
9 Sioux City Sue--Bing Crosby and the Jesters
10 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra

New singles entering the chart were Doin' What Comes Natur'lly, with versions by Dinah Shore with Spade Cooley and his Orchestra, and Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra (#17); Cynthia's in Love by Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra (#24); I Don't Know Enough About You, with versions by the Mills Brothers and Peggy Lee (#26); and The Girl that I Marry by Frank Sinatra (#33). Doin' What Comes Natur'lly and The Girl that I Marry were originally from the Broadway musical Annie Get Your Gun (1946). The Girl that I Marry was the B-side of They Say it's Wonderful, charting at #14 with the version by Perry Como.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Baconian Cipher

This was the last episode of the season, and the last for Mr. Rathbone; he declined to renew his contract to play the role of Sherlock Holmes in both movies and radio. Beginning the following week, the program's time slot was filled by The Casebook of Gregory Hood, a detective show written by Denis Green and Anthony Boucher, the writers of The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.

War
Fighting broke out along the Indochina-Siam border in an area ceded to Siam by the Vichy French regime in 1941, but claimed by the current French government.

Diplomacy
Former Spanish Republican leader Giral y Pereira told the United Nations Security Council subcommittee that civil war would break out in Spain if the UN did not take measures to remove Generalissimo Francisco Franco from power.

Defense
The U.S. War Department board investigating the Army's "caste system" said that it found many "injustices," and that there was a "need for a new philosophy."

Protest
The Haitian government ordered an 8 P.M. curfew after 30 defeated parliamentary candidates urged a general strike, overthrow of the provisional government, and new elections.

Economics and finance
General Lucius Clay of the U.S. military government in Germany confirmed reports that dismantling of factories for reparations had been halted in the U.S. zone until Germany could be treated as a single economic unit.

A British government committee reported that the United Kingdom must train 5,000 scientists yearly to maintain the country's economic progress.

Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Selective Service Act did not give veterans "super-seniority" in their pre-World War II jobs.

Soft-coal miners in the United States renewed their strike as the two-week truce ended.

Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray and American Federation of Labor President William Green denounced U.S. President Harry Truman's strike control proposals as violating fundamental constitutional guarantees. Mr. Truman had asked Congress to allow him to use court injunctions against labour leaders who urged workers to staty away from their jobs in industries that had been taken over by the federal government.

National Maritime Union members in New York rejected a $12.50 monthly wage increase offer from 39 shipping companies, which had already been accepted by a union negotiating committee.

Health
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) approved plans to call a World Health Conference and to establish a World Health Organization.

60 years ago
1956


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Legacy, starring Leora Dana and Jacques Bergerac

Baseball
Tom Brewer allowed 7 hits and 7 runs--all earned--in pitching a complete game, but won the game, helping his own cause with his first major league home run--a 3-run blow--as the Boston Red Sox scored 7 runs in the 3rd inning after allowing 5 in the 1st, and defeated the Washington Nationals 9-7 in the first game of a doubleheader before 11,574 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Washington first baseman Roy Sievers hit a solo home run in the first game, and a 3-run homer in the 1st inning of the second game. He then doubled home Clint Courtney with the winning run in the top of the 10th as the Nationals won 11-10.

Jim Wilson pitched 2 innings of scoreless relief and singled home Minnie Minoso with the winning run with 2 out in the bottom of the 15th inning as the Chicago White Sox edged the Cleveland Indians 5-4 before 23,857 fans in the first of two games at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Early Wynn pitched a 5-hit complete game victory and singled in a run as the Indians won the second game 4-2 before 25,856 fans.

Stan Musial batted 2 for 2 with 2 runs and 3 runs batted in in the first game, and 2 for 4 with a double, home run, run, and 4 RBIs in the second game as the St. Louis Cardinals swept a doubleheader from the Chicago Cubs 11-9 and 12-2 before 25,834 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Homeward Bound--Simon & Garfunkel (4th week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Monday, Monday--The Mamas and the Papas (3rd week at #1)
2 I Am a Rock--Simon and Garfunkel
3 Tippy Toeing--The Harden Trio
4 Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones
5 Green Grass--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
6 Leaning on the Lamp Post--Herman's Hermits
7 Shapes of Things--The Yardbirds
8 How Does That Grab You, Darlin'?--Nancy Sinatra
9 Good Lovin'--The Young Rascals
10 Lovedrops--Barry Allen
Pick hit of the week: Crying--Jay & the Americans
New this week: Cloudy Summer Afternoon--Barry McGuire
I Love Onions--Susan Christie
Please Tell Me Why--The Dave Clark Five
I Gotta Move--The King Beezz
For a Little While--Del Shannon

World events
A four-day campaign by the Ugandan government to crush an independence movement in the internal kingdom of Buganda concluded successfully with Kabaka Edward F. Mutesa II being deposed.

Politics and government
A four-party coalition government was formed in Finland, with Social Democrat Rafael Paasio as Prime Minister. For the first time since 1948, the cabinet included four Communists.

40 years ago
1976


Education
Sir John Franklin Territorial High School in Yellowknife held its annual Awards Night. This blogger won the Canadian Studies Award and an Honour pin. Several of my friends won awards, making for an enjoyable evening.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Finals
Houston 1 @ Winnipeg 9 (Winnipeg won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Veli-Pekka Ketola, Anders Hedberg, and Peter Sullivan each scored 2 goals as the Jets routed the Aeros before 10,386 fans at Winnipeg Arena to win their first Avco World Trophy championship and end the Aeros' two-year reign. Bobby Hull, Lyle Moffat, and Bobby Guindon scored the other Winnipeg goals, while Ted Taylor scored for Houston in the 1st period. The Aeros managed just 17 shots on Winnipeg goalie Joe Daley, while the Jets scored on 9 of 33 shots against Houston goalie Ron Grahame, who played the entire game.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Phoenix 90 @ Boston 105 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)

30 years ago
1986


Popular culture
Dragon Quest, the game credited as setting the template for role-playing video games, was released in Japan.

25 years ago
1991


Baseball
In a Pacific Coast League game at Civic Stadium in Portland, Vancouver Canadians’ right fielder Rodney McCray became an instant celebrity when he crashed through the plywood right field wall while attempting to catch a drive off the bat of the Beavers’ Chip Hale.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Danza de los limones--Juan Antonio canta (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Old Man & Me (When I Get to Heaven)--Hootie & the Blowfish
2 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
3 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
4 Dreamer's Dream--Tom Cochrane
5 Ironic--Alanis Morisette
6 Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
7 Everything Falls Apart--Dog's Eye View
8 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
9 Closer to Free--BoDeans
10 You Learn--Alanis Morisette

Singles entering the chart were Machinehead by Bush X (#86); The Old Apartment by Barenaked Ladies (#94); Looking for It by Jann Arden (#95); Sweet Dreams by La Bouche (#96); Love Untold by Paul Westerberg (#97); and The Playboy Interview by Merlin (#98).

War
Russian President Boris Yeltsin met with Chechnyan rebels for the first time, and negotiated a new cease-fire in the war between Russia and the breakaway republic of Chechnya, to come into effect on May 31 and to include an exchange of prisoners.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Colorado 2 @ Detroit 5 (Colorado led best-of-seven series 3-2)

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Paul Gleason, 67
. U.S. actor. Mr. Gleason appeared in numerous movies and television programs, and played Dr. David Thornton on the soap opera All My Children from 1976-1978. He played baseball in the Class D Alabama-Florida League in 1959 and Appalachian and Western Carolina Leagues in 1960, batting .079 (3 for 39) in 13 games, with 1 home run and 1 run batted in. Mr. Gleason died from a form of lung cancer that may have been related to exposure to asbestos when he was a teenager.

Disasters
The 6.4 Mw Yogyakarta earthquake shook central Java with an MSK intensity of IX (Destructive), leaving more than 5,700 dead and 37,000 injured.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Edmonton 2 @ Anaheim 1 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Dwayne Roloson made 32 saves and Ethan Moreau and Rafi Torres scored in the 2nd period as the Oilers overcame a 1-0 1st-period deficit and eliminated the Mighty Ducks at Arrowhead Pond, advancing to the finals for the first time since 1990.

Thursday, May 26, 2016

May 26, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Isatou Ndow!

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Gene Paulette
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Paulette was an infielder with the New York Giants (1911); St. Louis Browns (1916-1917); St. Louis Cardinals (1917-1919); and Philadelphia Phillies (1919-1920), batting .269 with 2 home runs and 165 runs batted in in 500 games. He played in the Southern Association from 1912-1916. Mr. Paulette was permanently barred from organized baseball by Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis on March 24, 1921 for failing to adequately explain a letter he'd written in 1919 to St. Louis gamblers Elmer Farrar and Carl Zork offering to elist the help of two Cardinals' players to fix the outcome of games. With his baseball career over, Mr. Paulette worked for the Missouri Pacific Railroad in Little Rock, Arkansas; he died of a heart attack at the age of 74 on February 8, 1966.

Baseball
In an American Association game at Pendleton Park in Cincinnati between the Cincinnati Kellys and Boston Reds, Cincinnati second baseman Yank Robinson made 7 errors on 7 fielding chances. The Kellys (also known as the Porkers) won 21-16. Mr. Robinson finished the season with 79 errors in 98 games. It was the fourth and last major league game for Boston starting pitcher Tod Brynan, who allowed 4 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 6 runs--all earned--in 1 inning, and took the loss.

120 years ago
1896


Europeana
Nicholas II was crowned the last Czar of Imperial Russia; he had succeeded to the throne upon the death of his father Alexander III on November 1, 1894.

Economics and finance
Charles Dow published the first edition of the Dow Jones Industrial Average; the average price of the 11 initial stocks was 40.94.

Disasters
55 of 143 passengers on a streetcar were killed when it crashed through Point Ellice Bridge into the Upper Harbour in Victoria, British Columbia; the passengers were on their way to attend celebrations of Queen Victoria's birthday. The disaster was the worst streetcar accident in North American history.

80 years ago
1936


Politics and government
In the House of Commons of Northern Ireland, independent Unionist member Tommy Henderson began speaking on the annual Appropriation Bill. By the time he sits down at 3:55 A.M. on May 27, he had spoken for nearly 10 hours, the longest speech to date in any legislature of the British Empire.

75 years ago
1941


War
A spokesman in Berlin said that the British fleet in the eastern Mediterranean Sea may be considered destroyed. German troops advanced on Suda Bay as fighting on Crete continued.

Defense
The Nationalist Party of Uruguay adopted a resolution urging Uruguayan neutrality in the European war and opposing the cession of bases to foreign powers.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered all men previously registered who turned 21 years of age by July 1, 1941 to register on that date under the Selective Service Act.

Politics and government
The U.S. Supreme Court, in a 4-3 decision, ruled that Congress had the power to regulate primary elections for the nomination of candidates for federal office.

Protest
Six people were killed in rioting in Bombay, bringing the total casualties for five days to 40 dead and 140 injured.

Labour
U.S. Senator Harry Byrd (Democrat--Virginia) introduced a joint resolution in Congress condemning strikes in defense industries, and demanded the resignation of Labor Secretary Frances Perkins.

70 years ago
1946


Theatre
Garson Kanin and Arthur Laurents shared the Playwrights Company $1,500 Sidney Howard Memorial Award for "new American playwrights."

Died on this date
Joseph Medill Patterson, 67
. U.S. newspaper publisher. Mr. Patterson was a reporter with the Chicago Tribune before founding the New York Daily News in 1919, the first daily tabloid in the United States.

Politics and government
Nearly complete returns in municipal elections in the U.S. zone in Germany had the Christian Social Union with 484 seats; Social Democratic Party, 421; Communists, 47; and Liberal Democrats, 34.

Communists won 114 of 300 Assembly seats in Czechoslovakian parliamentary elections to become the country's strongest party.

U.S. Representative Zebulon Weaver (Democrat--North Carolina), a Congressman from 1917-1929 and since 1931, was defeated in primaries in an attempt to be renominated by the Democratic Party.

Transportation
The U.S. government reslinquished control of the nation's railroads as normal service was resumed, after a two-day strike by the Railroad Trainmen and Locomotive Engineers Brotherhoods.

Agriculture
U.S. Agriculture Secretary Clinton Anderson stated that the United States would ship a record 74 million bushels of wheat to famine areas by June 30, 1946.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mack the Knife (A Theme from the Threepenny Opera)--Louis Armstrong (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Steig in das Traumboot der Liebe--Caterina Valente & Silvio Francesco as Club Indonesia (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): No Other Love--Ronnie Hilton (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Heartbreak Hotel--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--6th week at #1; Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Jukebox--4th week at #1; Top 100--4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Heartbreak Hotel--Elvis Presley (6th week at #1)
2 Moonglow and Theme from "Picnic"--Morris Stoloff and the Columbia Pictures Orchestra
--George Cates and his Orchestra
3 (You've Got) The Magic Touch--The Platters
4 Blue Suede Shoes--Carl Perkins
5 Ivory Tower--Cathy Carr
--Otis Williams and the Charms
--Gale Storm
6 Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom)--Perry Como
7 The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant
8 Standing on the Corner--The Four Lads
9 I'm in Love Again--Fats Domino
10 The Happy Whistler--Don Robertson

Singles entering the chart were the version of Ivory Tower by Gale Storm and My Baby Left Me by Elvis Presley (#22). My Baby Left Me was the B-side of I Want You, I Need You, I Love You, charting at #25.

On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Mind Your Own Business



Died on this date
Al Simmons, 54
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Simmons, born Aloysius Szymanski, was an outfielder with the Philadelphia Athletics (1924-1932, 1940-1941, 1944); Chicago White Sox (1933-1935); Detroit Tigers (1936); Washington Nationals (1937-1938); Boston Bees (1939); Cincinnati Reds (1939); and Boston Red Sox (1943), batting .334 with 307 home runs and 1,827 runs batted in in 2,215 games. He led the American League in runs batted in in 1929 (157); in runs (152) in 1930); and in batting percentage in 1930 (.381) and 1931 (.390), as the Athletics won the American League pennant in all three seasons, and the World Series in 1929 and 1930. Mr. Simmons served as a coach with the Athletics from 1945-1949 and the Cleveland Indians in 1950. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1953, and died four days after his 54th birthday, shortly after suffering a heart attack.

Baseball
The Milwaukee Braves were held hitless for 9 2/3 innings, but ended up defeating the Cincinnati Redlegs 2-1 in 11 innings before 22,936 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Johnny Klippstein started on the mound for Cincinnati and pitched 7 hitless innings before being lifted for a pinch hitter, but allowed a run in the 2nd inning on a hit batsman, 2 bases on balls, and a sacrifice fly. Hersh Freeman pitched a hitless 8th, and the Redlegs tied the game when Ted Kluszewski singled with 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 9th, and Wally Post doubled home pinch runner Jim Dyck. Joe Black took over on the mound for the Redlegs in the bottom of the 9th, and lost the no-hitter when Jack Dittmer doubled with 2 out in the 10th. In the bottom of the 11th, Hank Aaron tripled with 1 out, Chuck Tanner and Bill Bruton were intentionally walked, and Frank Torre singled home Mr. Aaron with the winning run. Ray Crone pitched a 7-hit complete game to get the win.

Roger Craig pitched a 3-hitter and Sandy Amoros, Randy Jackson, and Carl Furillo hit home runs as the Brooklyn Dodgers blanked the New York Giants 6-0 before 23,867 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York.

Dale Long hit a home run in his seventh straight game to help the Pittsburgh Pirates defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 6-2 before 4,614 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Hank Foiles and Frank Thomas also homered for Pittsburgh, while Stan Lopata homered for Philadelphia. Vern Law pitched a 9-hit complete game victory.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones

Music
Bob Dylan and his backup group the Hawks played a concert at the Royal Albert Hall in London with members of the Beatles and the Rolling Stones in atttendance. The concert was recorded, and became a famous bootleg album.

South Americana
British Guiana proclaimed her independence, becoming Guyana, and remaining in the British Commonwealth.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Martin Heidegger, 86
. German philosopher. Dr. Heidegger was one of the most prominent philosophers of the 20th centurey, known for his contributions to Phenomenology and Existentialism. His best-known book was Being and Time (1927).

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council adopted a statement deploring Israel's policy of establishing settlements in occupied Arab land.

Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 6th inning as they defeated the Montreal Expos 6-3 before 6,581 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh on the Wednesday Expos Baseball telecast on CBC. Larry Demery allowed 3 hits and 3 earned runs in 6 innings to get the win, with John Candelaria allowing 2 hits and no runs in 3 innings to get the save.

Former Cincinnati Reds' shortstop Darrell Chaney singled and scored a run in the 8th inning and then doubled home Ken Henderson and Dave May in the 9th as the Atlanta Braves edged the Reds 4-3 before 25,679 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

Doug Rau pitched a 3-hitter and had 2 hits of his own and scored a run as the Los Angeles Dodgers shut out the San Diego Padres 8-0 before 18,751 fans at San Diego Stadium.

Bucky Dent singled home Jack Brohamer with 2 out in the top of the 11th inning for the only run as the Chicago White Sox edged the California Angels 1-0 before 6,569 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Ken Brett allowed just 2 hits in 10 innings to get the win, with Clay Carroll pitching a hitless 11th to get the save. Don Kirkwood allowed just 7 hits and 1 earned run in pitching a complete game and taking the loss.

The Cleveland Indians scored 3 runs in the top of the 7th inning to take a 3-1 lead over the New York Yankees, only to have the Yankees respond with 3 in the bottom of the 7th as they edged the Indians 4-3 before 13,369 fans at Yankee Stadium. Catfish Hunter pitched a 6-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Don Hood.

The Kansas City Royals amassed 21 hits, with every man in the starting lineup getting at least one hit, as they routed the Texas Rangers 14-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 16,510 fans at Arlington Stadium. The second game was suspended after 9 innings with the score tied 4-4, to be completed the following day.

30 years ago
1986


Weather
The temperature reached 90 F. in Edmonton.

Europeana
The European Community adopted the European flag.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Trippin'--Push Push (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Joyride--Roxette (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Wind of Change--Scorpions

Politics and government
Zviad Gamsakhurdia was elected the first President of the Republic of Georgia in the post-Soviet era.

Disasters
All 223 people aboard Lauda Air Flight 004--a chartered Boeing 767 from Austria--were killed when it exploded in midair soon after takeoff from Bangkok and crashed in an area of western Thailand after a thrust reverser malfunction.

Auto racing
Rick Mears won the Indianapolis 500 for a record-tying fourth--and final--time, narrowly finishing ahead of Michael Andretti, who had led 97 of the race’s 250 laps (see video). A.J. Foyt was the first four-time winner of the Indianapolis 500.

20 years ago
1996


Auto racing
Buddy Lazier won the Indianapolis 500, the first time the race was run under the auspices of the Indy Racing League, which had been founded by Indianapolis Motor Speedway President Tony George after a split with Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART). Alessandro Zampedri, who finished fourth, was seriously injured in a crash on the final turn of the final lap when he was involved in a crash with Roberto Guerrero and Eliseo Salazar. Despite having generally inferior drivers to those competing in the U.S. 500 the same day, the Indianapolis 500 provided a more exciting race (see video).

In a race initiated by CART to compete with the Indianapolis 500, Jimmy Vasser won the inaugural U.S. 500 at Michigan International Speedway near Brooklyn, Michigan (see video). The race was marred by a multi-car crash at the start; the race was stopped, and restarted with the drivers involved in the crash allowed to use backup cars.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Pittsburgh 2 @ Florida 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Édouard Michelin, 42
. French industrialist. Mr. Michelin was, from 1999 until his death, managing partner and co-chief executive of the Michelin Group, the tire manufacturing company co-founded by his grandfather, also named Édouard Michelin. The younger Édouard Michelin drowned while fishing in northwestern France; the boat's skipper, Guillaume Normant, also died in the accident.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Carolina 4 @ Buffalo 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Wednesday, May 25, 2016

May 25, 2016

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Brian Dickson
. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, 1984-1990. Justice Dickson, a native of Yorkton, Saskatchewan, was a lawyer in Winnipeg before being named to the Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench in 1967. He subsequently was named to the Manitoba Court of Appeal and then to the Supreme Court of Canada as a puisne justice in 1973. Justice Dickson succeeded the retiring Bora Laskin as Chief Justice; he retired in 1990, and died on October 17, 1998 at the age of 82.

90 years ago
1926


Died on this date
Symon Petliura, 47
. Chairman of the Directory of the People's Republic of Ukraine, 1919-1926. Mr. Petliura, a member of the Ukrainian Social Democratic Labour party, was Secretary of Military Affairs before becoming Chairman of the Directory (Head of State). After the Bolsheviks had become the dominant political force in Ukraine, Mr. Petliura fled to Poland in 1920; he moved to several other major European cities before settling in Paris in 1924. As head of state in Ukraine, Mr. Petliura was accused of involvement in anti-Jewish pogroms; while walking in Paris, he was shot to death by Ukrainian-born Jewish anarchist Sholom Schwartzbard.

80 years ago
1936


Labour
Workers at the Remington Rand typewriter manufacturing plants in Illion, Syracuse, and Tonawanda, New York went on strike; workers at the Remington Rand factories in Ohio and Connecticut went on strike the next day.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Bob Higgins, 54
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Higgins was a catcher with the Cleveland Naps (1909) and Brooklyn Dodgers (1911-1912), batting .143 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 13 games. His minor league career spanned the years 1908-1920 and 1924-1925.

War
German Kriegsmarine Grand Admiral Erich Rader was reported by a Japanese news agency to have stated that U.S. convoys or naval aid to Britain would be "a plain act of war and unprovoked aggression" which Germany would meet with force.

Disasters
An estimated 5,000 people drowned when a storm struck a large number of villages in the Ganges River Delta in India.

Baseball
Pete Reiser hit his only career major league grand slam and drove in another run with an outfield fly to lead the Brooklyn Dodgers over the Philadelphia Phillies 8-4 before 12,941 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

Greek George singled home Bill Nicholson with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Chicago Cubs a 3-2 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 18,663 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The game was played in 1 hour 43 minutes.

Steve Mesner drove in 3 runs with a double and later scored as the St. Louis Cardinals scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning and defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 6-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 18,749 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Cardinals won the second game 4-3 to complete the sweep.

Ted Williams batted 4 for 5 with a double, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the Boston Red Sox beat the New York Yankees 7-3 before 36,461 fans at Yankee Stadium. Lefty Grove pitched a 7-hit complete game victory, allowing 3 unearned runs on Charlie Keller's home run.

The Chicago White Sox scored all their runs in the 7th inning as they defeated the Detroit Tigers 7-3 before 20,520 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit.

The Philadelphia Athletics scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Washington Nationals 7-3 before 12,531 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Gypsy--The Ink Spots

Died on this date
Marcel Petiot, 49
. French physician and criminal. Dr. Petiot was beheaded by the guillotine at La Santé Prison in Paris after being convicted of 26 counts of murder; the actual number of people he murdered during World War II may have been at least 60.

Asiatica
Transjordan became a kingdom as it proclaimed its new monarch, Emir Abdullah I. He offered his throne as a "rallying point" for an Arab federation to include Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq.

Politics and government
Indonesian Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir called the latest proposal of Dutch administrator Hubertus Van Mook a "definite step backward" from earlier Dutch willingness to recognize Indonesian control over Sumatra.

Labour
U.S. President Harry Truman, in an address to Congress, asked for the right to use court injunctions against labour leaders who urged workers to stay away from their jobs after the government had taken over an industry. During his address, he was handed a note stating that leaders of the striking Railroad Trainmen and Locomotive Engineers Brotherhoods had settled with railroad operators for an 18 1/2c hourly wage increase.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): No Other Love--Ronnie Hilton (4th week at #1)

50 years ago
1966


Space
The United States launched the satellite Explorer 32, whose mission was to study the Earth's upper atmosphere.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Baretta's Theme--Sammy Davis, Jr.

Politics and goverment
Leaders of social democratic parties from Latin America and Europe concluded their three-day conference in Caracas to discuss "transatlantic cooperation" on economic, political, and social issues.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Finals
Houston 3 @ Winnipeg 6 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 3-0)

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Chester Bowles, 85
. U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Bowles had a successful career in advertising, co-founding the firm Benton & Bowles in 1929. A Democrat, he was Governor of Connecticut from 1949-1951; represented Connecticut's 2nd District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1959-1961; and served as U.S. Under Secretary of State from January-December 1961 and U.S. Ambassador to India from 1951-1953 and 1963-1969.

Terrorism
Terrorists in Vancouver, British Columbia attempted to assassinate Malkiat Singh Sidhu, a cabinet minister in the Indian state of Punjab.

Society
In Hands Across America, 6.5 million Americans held hands in a human chain across the United States in an exercise to raise money to help those in poverty.

Auto racing
The Indianapolis 500 was postponed because of rain; it was eventually run the following Saturday, May 31.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Horses--Daryl Braithwaite (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Please--Kudo Shizuka

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Losing My Religion--R.E.M.

#1 single in France (SNEP): Désenchantée--Mylène Farmer (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): One More Try--Timmy -T- (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)--Cher (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Don’t Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
2 Here We Go--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis
3 I Don’t Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey
4 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
5 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis
6 I Touch Myself--Divinyls
7 More than Words--Extreme
8 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
9 You Don’t Have to Go Home Tonight--The Triplets
10 I Like the Way (The Kissing Game)--High-Five

Singles entering the chart were I'll Be There by Escape Club (#74); Gypsy Woman (She’s Homeless) by Crystal Waters (#80); Higher than Hope by Daryl Braithwaite (#82); Dangerous by the Doobie Brothers (#83); Where the Streets Have No Name (I Can’t Take My Eyes Off You) by Pet Shop Boys (#86); When He’s Gone by the Bee Gees (#87); Piece of My Heart by Tara Kemp (#88); Someone by the Rembrandts (#89); and Mother's Eyes by Enuff Z'Nuff (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
2 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
3 Joyride--Roxette
4 Animal Heart--Glass Tiger
5 I Don’t Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey
6 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
7 More than Words--Extreme
8 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
9 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
10 See the Lights--Simple Minds

Singles entering the chart were A Better Love by Londonbeat (#71); Sideways by Men Without Hats (#74); Crazy by Seal (#78); Highway 5 by the Blessing (#82); Obvious Song by Joe Jackson (#85); Three Pistols by the Tragically Hip (#87); Black, White and Blood Red by BoDeans (#89); Superman’s Song by Crash Test Dummies (#92); Ludi by the Dream Warriors (#93); and Raw by the Alarm (#95).

Personal
This blogger made his last (so far) visit to London, Ontario, spending the afternoon in the enjoyable company of a lovely lady.

World events
Israel’s Operation Solomon--a 22-hour mission to airlift 14,087 Jews from Ethiopia to Tel Aviv--was completed. 35 planes made a total of 40 flights, and the Israeli government paid the Ethiopian government--now under acting President Lieutenant General Tesfaye Gebre-Kidan after the ouster three days earlier of Lieutenant Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam--U.S.$35 million to free the Jews.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Pittsburgh 8 @ Minnesota 0 (Pittsburgh won best-of-seven series 4-2)

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Fastlove--George Michael (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Lift U Up--2 Fabiola (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Man Utd Man--Men United featuring the Absolutelys (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony
2 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
3 You're the One--SWV
4 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
5 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
6 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
7 Old Man and Me (When I Get to Heaven)--Hootie & the Blowfish
8 Count on Me--Whitney Houston and CeCe Winans
9 Keep On, Keepin' On--MC Lyte featuring Xscape
10 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project

Singles entering the chart were Please Don't Go by Immature (#36); Theme from Mission: Impossible by Adam Clayton and Larry Mullen (#60); You Still Touch Me by Sting (#81); and Scary Kisses by Voice of the Beehive (#90).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Detroit 2 @ Colorado 4 (Colorado led best-of-seven series 3-1)

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Desmond Dekker, 64
. Jamaican-born U.K. musician. Mr. Dekker, born Desmond Dacres, was a ska and reggae singer-songwriter who had a number of hit singles in Jamaica in the 1960s before moving to England in 1969. He and his band, the Aces, were best known for the single Israelites, which reached #1 in the U.K. and #9 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1969. Mr. Dekker died of a heart attack.

Scandal
Former Enron Corporation chiefs Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling were convicted in Houston of conspiracy and fraud for the company's downfall.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Anaheim 6 @ Edmonton 3 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Tuesday, May 24, 2016

May 24, 2016

160 years ago
1856


Politics and government
Co-Premiers Étienne-Paschal Taché (Canada East) and John A. Macdonald (Canada West) formed a new ministry after the MacNab-Tache government had resigned on May 22. All previous ministers except Allan MacNab and Lewis Drummond were back in office; George-Étienne Cartier was named Attorney-General for Canada East.

80 years ago
1936


Died on this date
Red Ryan, 41
. Canadian criminal. Norman J. Ryan was a bank robber in the 1920s who was sentenced to Kingston Penitentiary, where he became a model prisoner. Mr. Ryan seemed to be such a good example of reform that he was released in 1935, and had a radio program on Toronto station CFRB, where he denounced the criminal lifestyle. While publicly claiming to have reformed, Mr. Ryan had privately resumed his old ways, and went on a 10-month bank robbery spree across Ontario, which ended when he and partner Harry Checkley were killed in a gunfight with police while attempting to rob a liquor store in Sarnia. Sarnia police constable Jack Lewis, 33, was also killed.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Amapola (Pretty Little Poppy)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra (9th week at #1)

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Bob Dylan!


The legendary singer-songwriter was born Robert Zimmerman in Duluth, Minnesota.

War
The British cruisers HMS Norfolk and Suffolk made contact with the German battleship Bismarck and cruiser Prinz Eugen in the Denmark Strait between Iceland and Greenland; in the ensuing Battle of the Denmark Strait, the British battle cruiser HMS Hood was sunk with the loss of 1,415 men, and only 3 survivors, while the German ships escaped. A German communique claimed that German troops had occupied the western part of Crete.

Defense
The Battle of Oahu, an exercise involving 35,000 U.S. troops and army bombers, ended in Hawaii after the enemy invaders were theoretically destroyed. U.S. Senator James Mead (Democrat--New York) urged that the United States negotiate with France for temporary bases on French islands in the Western Hemisphere, or seize them if necessary.

Politics and government
Sources in Ankara reported that Emir Abdul Illah, deposed regent of Iraq and uncle of King Feisal, had returned to Iraq under British protection, and was planning to establish a new government in opposition to Prime Minister Rashid Ali Ben Gailani.

Religion
Vatican officials said that German authorities had issued a decree banning all Roman Catholic periodicals and newspapers after June 1, 1941.

Labour
Congress of Industrial Organizations members of North American Aviation Inc. of Inglewood, California voted 5,829-210 to strike to back their wage demands; the company had over $120 million in defense contracts.

Track and field
Les Steers of Oregon set a world record in the high jump of 6' 10 7/8" in the Los Angeles Coliseum Relays.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
The Arab Higher Commission in Jerusalem submitted three demands to the U.S.A. and U.K: 1) abrogation of the British mandate in Palestine and cessation of Jewish immigration; 2) establishment of an Arab Palestine; 3) withdrawal of all foreign troops.

Defense
U.S.S.R. Ambassador to Iran Ivan Sadchikov officially notified Iran that the Soviet Red Army had completed its withdrawal from Iran on May 6.

Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill accused Egypt of ingratitude, and urged that Egypt be held to the 1936 treaty permitting British troops in the country.

Labour
U.S. President Harry Truman threatened to call out the Army to operate the nation's railroads if striking members of the Railroad Trainmen and Locomotive Engineers Brotherhoods did not return to work by 4 P.M. on May 25. Skeleton crews maintained rail service at only 1% of the normal level, threatening many areas with a food shortage.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Amour, Castagnettes et Tango--Lucienne Delyle (4th week at #1)

Music
The first Eurovision Song Contest was held in Lugano, Switzerland.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Fernando--ABBA (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Beautiful Sunday--Daniel Boone (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Save Your Kisses for Me--The Brotherhood of Man

Died on this date
Denise Pelletier, 53
. Canadian actress. Miss Pelletier performed in numerous plays and television programs, mainly in the French language in her native Quebec. She died during a heart operation two days after her 53rd birthday.

Transportation
The British and French Concorde supersonic jets made their first commercial flights, opening trans-Atlantic service to Dulles Airport near Washington, D.C.

Boxing
Muhammad Ali (52-2) retained his world heavyweight title with a technical knockout of Richard Dunn (33-10) at 2:05 of the 5th round at Olympiahalle in Munich (see video). On the undercard, Duane Bobick (36-0) scored an 8-round technical knockout over Bunny Johnson (44-8-1) in a heavyweight bout.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Live to Tell--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Living Doll--Cliff Richard and the Young Ones (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Wonderful World--Sam Cooke

Wonderful World was originally a hit in North America in 1960.

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Chicken Song--Spitting Image (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: The Chicken Song--Spitting Image

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Greatest Love of All--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Greatest Love of All--Whitney Houston
2 Live to Tell--Madonna
3 Why Can’t This Be Love--Van Halen
4 West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys
5 What Have You Done for Me Lately--Janet Jackson
6 Addicted to Love--Robert Palmer
7 On My Own--Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald
8 If You Leave--Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark
9 Bad Boy--Miami Sound Machine
10 All I Need is a Miracle--Mike & the Mechanics

Singles entering the chart were Like a Rock by Bob Seger and the Silver Bullet Band (#56); Dreams by Van Halen (#58); Mountains by Prince and the Revolution (#61); Secret Separation by the Fixx (#75); You Should Be Mine (The Woo Woo Song) by Jeffrey Osborne (#80); Divided Hearts by Kim Carnes (#81); Headed for the Future by Neil Diamond (#83); Fire with Fire by Wild Blue (#84); Peter Gunn by the Art of Noise featuring Duane Eddy (#85); One Step Closer to You by Gavin Christopher (#86); We Don’t Have to Take Our Clothes Off by Jermaine Stewart (#88); I Have Learned to Respect the Power of Loveby Stephanie Mills (#89); and Female Intuition by Mai Tai (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Live to Tell--Madonna
2 West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys
3 The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush
4 Greatest Love of All--Whitney Houston
5 Addicted to Love--Robert Palmer
6 If You Leave--Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark
7 Let’s Go All the Way--Sly Fox
8 Manic Monday--Bangles
9 What Have You Done for Me Lately--Janet Jackson
10 Tender Love--Force M.D.’s

Singles entering the chart were Crush on You by the Jets (#86); If Your Heart Isn’t in It by Atlantic Starr (#90); One Hit (To the Body) by the Rolling Stones (#93); If She Knew What She Wants by the Bangles (#95); Headed for the Future by Neil Diamond (#96); Why Don’t You Take It by FM (#98); and Where Do the Children Go by the Hooters (#99).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 4 @ Calgary 3 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Montreal goalie Patrick Roy was awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoffs’ most valuable player after the Canadiens defeated the Flames at Olympic Saddledome.

25 years ago
1991


Died on this date
Gene Clark, 46
. U.S. musician. Mr. Clark was a guitarist, singer, and songwriter, and was one of the founding members of the rock group the Byrds from 1964-1966. He then left the group and had a lengthy solo career, with little commercial success. In the late 1970s, he reunited with former Byrd bandmates Roger McGuinn and Chris Hillman, and the trio had some success as McGuinn, Clark and Hillman. Mr. Clark abused drink and drugs for much of his life, and also had other health problems; he died of a bleeding ulcer, and also had throat cancer at the time of his death.

World events
Israel conducted Operation Solomon, evacuating Ethiopian Jews to Israel.

Economics and finance
U.S. President George Bush got the United States Senate to approve "fast track" talks for the North American Free Trade Accord; Mr. Bush was empowered to deal without amendments from Congress.

20 years ago
1996


Business
Conrad Black's Hollinger Inc. raised its holdings in Southam Inc. to 41%, giving it effective control of the chain that published 20 Canadian newspapers.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Pittsburgh 2 @ Florida 5 (Florida led best-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Henry Bumstead, 91
. U.S. movie art director and production designer. Mr. Bumstead had a career that spanned 55 years, and won Academy Awards for To Kill a Mockingbird (1962) and The Sting (1973). He worked with director Alfred Hitchock on The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956); Vertigo (1958); Topaz (1969); and Family Plot (1976), and was nominated for an Academy Award for Vertigo.

Jesús Ledesma Aguilar, 42. Mexican criminal. Mr. Aguilar was executed by lethal injection for the June 10, 1995 murders of Leonardo and Annette Chavez. He protested his innocence, and the International Court of Justice ruled in 1996 that the state of Texas had denied Mr. Aguilar his legal right to see a Mexican consular official as specified in the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.

Politics and government
The Canadian Department of Indian and Northern Affairs established a new Ojibwa reserve - Lake Nippigon Reserve - in northern Ontario.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Carolina 3 @ Buffalo 4 (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 2-1)

May 23, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Chrisie Bell!

Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Polly & Maurice Pratt!

170 years ago
1846


War
Mexican President Mariano Paredes unofficially declared war on the United States.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Pär Lagerkvist
. Swedish author. Mr. Lagerkvist was awarded the 1951 Nobel Prize in Literature "for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind." He examined issues of good and evil, and frequently used religious motifs, although he was not a believer himself. Mr. Lagerkvist was best known for the novel Barabbas (1950); he died on July 11, 1974 at the age of 83.

110 years ago
1906


Died on this date
Henrik Ibsen, 78
. Norwegian playwright. Mr. Ibsen was often referred to as the "father of realism." His plays included Peer Gynt (1867); A Doll's House (1879); An Enemy of the People (1882); and Hedda Gabler (1890).

Canadiana
Saskatchewan's first provincial government, led by Premier Walter Scott, declared Regina to be the official capital.

Crime
Moncton, New Brunswick Mayor James Ryan was found guilty of two counts of assault in physical attacks against newspaper publisher John Hawke; the pair had engaged in fistfights in Hawke's newspaper office and Moncton's Council Chambers.

80 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Mazarin Stone

Baseball
Sammy Byrd came to bat as a pinch hitter with the bases loaded and none out in the bottom of the 9th inning and hit a grand slam to give the Cincinnati Reds a 4-3 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. The homer was Mr. Byrd’s first of the season. The game was played in 1 hour 44 minutes.

Tony Lazzeri hit a home run in the first game and 2 in the second as the New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Athletics 12-6 and 15-1 before 28,000 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

Jake Powell doubled home Buddy Lewis with 2 out in the top of the 11th inning to give the Washington Nationals an 8-7 win over the Boston Red Sox before 24,800 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Nationals scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th to take a 7-4 lead, but the Red Sox rallied for 3 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to tie the game.

75 years ago
1941


War
A Japanese spokesman admitted that Chinese troops had recaptured Chuki, a railhead in the northern part of the province of Chekiang. At an America First Committee rally at Madison Square Garden in New York, Charles Lindbergh delivered a speech in opposition to U.S. involvement in the European war. U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) also addressed the crowd of 22,000. The Royal Air Force reported that British bombers had broken up an Iraqi counterattack at Falluja, 30 miles west of Baghdad, after native troops had gained positions in the town's outskirts.

Diplomacy
In a broadcast from Vichy, French Vice Premier François Darlan said that collaboration with Germany was a matter of "life or death" for France, but added that German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler had not demanded the French fleet or colonial territory.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Major General George Brett chief of the Army Air Corps; Brigadier General Courtney Hodges chief of infantry; and Colonel William Porter chief of the Chemical Warfare Service. A conference report on a bill empowering the U.S. government to impose priorities on industry to aid defense was passed by the Senate and sent to President Roosevelt.

Transportation
The U.S. Civil Aeronautics Board authorized Pan-Am Grace Airways, Inc. to establish commercial air service to and from Oruro, Bolivia. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt allocated $8 million in defense funds to aid airline service in Latin America in competition with Axis-controlled companies.

Crime
William Bioff and George E. Browne were indicted by a grand jury in New York on charges of extorting $550,000 during the past six years from 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation, Loew's Inc., Paramount Pictures, Inc., and Warner Brothers Pictures, Inc.

Labour
American Federation of Labor strikers reached an agreement to end a walkout at an ammunition loading plant in Ravenna, Ohio.

Boxing
Joe Louis (49-1) retained his world heavyweight title when challenger Buddy Baer (51-6) was disqualified by referee Arthur Donovan at the start of the 7th round of the bout at Griffith Stadium in Washington (see video). Mr. Baer had been knocked down three times in the 6th round, but Mr. Baer's manager claimed that the last knockdown had occurred after the bell, and went into the ring to complain. Mr. Baer was disqualified when his manager refused to leave the ring. Buddy Baer, who knocked the champion down in the 1st round, was the younger brother of former world heavyweight champion Max Baer, whom Mr. Louis had knocked out in 1935.

70 years ago
1946


War
The United States Senate committee on the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii closed its inquiry.

Nationalist Chinese forces recaptured the Manchurian city of Changchun from the Communists, as Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek left Nanking for Mukden in U.S. Army General George Marshall's plane.

Defense
Former Spanish Republican Prime Minister Jose Giral y Pereira warned the United Nations Security Council subcommittee on Spain that Spanish dictator Generalissimo Francisco Franco had authorized all Spanish citizens to bear arms on the pretext of a possible Soviet attack.

Politics and government
Argentine President-elect Juan Peron announced the merger of all parties supporting him into a single National Revolutionary Party.

Economics and finance
U.S. government officials disclosed that only 10% of relief food sent to China was reaching famine zones.

U.S. President Harry Truman asked the Senate to extend the Office of Price Administration for a year without crippling amemdments, and signed a bill continuing government export controls until July 1947.

Labour
Transportation across the United States was paralyzed, as 250,000 members of the Railroad Trainmen and Locomotive Engineers Brotherhoods went on strike, rejecting U.S. President Harry Truman's proposal for an 18 1/2c hourly wage increase. In response, Mr. Truman placed all transportation under the Office of Defense Transportation and Insterstate Commerce Commission, which would determine freight priorities.

60 years ago
1956


Economics and finance
Arthur J. Trebilcock, former Secretary of the Standard Exchange, was appointed the first full time president of the Toronto Stock Exchange; J.G.K. Strathy filled the new post of TSE Chairman.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Yo Soy Aquel--Raphael (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Pretty Flamingo--Manfred Mann (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Monday, Monday--The Mamas and the Papas (2nd week at #1)
2 How Does That Grab You, Darlin'?--Nancy Sinatra
3 Rainy Day Women #12 & 35--Bob Dylan
4 Sloop John B--The Beach Boys
5 Good Lovin'--The Young Rascals
6 Message to Michael--Dionne Warwick
7 Shapes of Things--The Yardbirds
8 A Groovy Kind of Love--The Mindbenders
9 Gloria--Shadows of Knight
10 Eight Miles High--The Byrds

Singles entering the chart were Girl in Love by the Outsiders (#68); Sweet Talkin' Guy by the Chiffons (#74); I Know You Better than That by Bobby Goldsboro (#86); Better Use Your Head by Little Anthony and the Imperials (#87); So Much Love by Steve Alaimo (#88); Toodle Oo Kangaroo by Larry Lee (#89); Everyday I Have to Cry by the Gentrys (#90); The Last Word in Lonesome is Me by Eddy Arnold (#92); Girl Girl Girl by Danny Harrison (#96); S.Y.S.L.J.F.M. (The Letter Song) by Joe Tex (#97); It's Over by Jimmie Rodgers (#98); For My Own by the Rocketones (#99); and Crazy Things by the Quid (#100).

War
South Vietnamese troops captured Da Nang after a week of battling Buddhists, rebel troops, and armed civilians.

Labour
The British government of Prime Minister Harold Wilson declared a state of emergency, a week after the National Union of Seamen had gone on strike.

40 years ago
1976


Politics and goverment
Leaders of social democratic parties from Latin America and Europe began a three-day conference in Caracas to discuss "transatlantic cooperation" on economic, political, and social issues.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Finals
Winnipeg 5 @ Houston 4 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Phoenix 87 @ Boston 98 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Dave Cowens scored 25 points, grabbed 21 rebounds, and had 10 assists to lead the Celtics over the Suns at Boston Garden.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Sterling Hayden, 70
. U.S. actor. Mr. Hayden, born Sterling Walter, was known for his performances in such films as The Asphalt Jungle (1950); Johnny Guitar (1954); The Killing (1956); Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964); and The Godfather (1972). He was a skilled yachtsman, and took acting jobs in order to finance his sailing trips.

Economics and finance
The United States imposed a 35% tariff on imported Canadian cedar shakes and shingles.

Baseball
The Hawaii Islanders routed the Phoenix Firebirds 31-5 in a Pacific Coast League game.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)--Cher (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jean van Houtte, 84
. Prime Minister of Belgium, 1952-1954. A member of the Christian Social Party, Mr. van Houtte was Belgium's Finance Minister from 1950-1952 and again from 1958-1961. He replaced Joseph Pholien as Prime Minister upon Mr. Pholien's resignation, and left office when the Socialist Party, led by Achille Van Acker, came to power.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Minnesota 4 @ Pittsburgh 6 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Baseball
The Baltimore Orioles, with a record of 13-24, fired Frank Robinson as manager and replaced him with first base coach Johnny Oates. Mr. Robinson had managed the Orioles since 1988; his best season was 1989, when the Orioles posted a record of 87-75, second in the American League East Division and just 2 games behind the Toronto Blue Jays.

Tommy Greene pitched a no-hitter to lead the Philadelphia Phillies to a 2-0 win over the Montreal Expos before 8,833 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Mr. Greene walked 7 batters and struck out 10.

Darrin Jackson hit a home run to lead off the 12th inning to give the San Diego Padres an 11-10 win over the Atlanta Braves before 13,780 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. The Braves scored a run in the bottom of the 9th inning to tie the game 6-6, but the Padres scored 4 unearned runs in the top of the 10th, only to have the Braves come back with 4 in the bottom of the 10th--the last 3 on a homer by David Justice--to tie the score 10-10.

The Texas Rangers broke a 5-5 tie with 5 runs in the top of the 11th inning and defeated the Minnesota Twins 10-6 before 16,036 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Until it Sleeps--Metallica

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): X-Files--DJ Dado (3rd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Detroit 6 @ Colorado 4 (Colorado led bst-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Lloyd Bentsen, 85
. U.S. politician. Mr. Bentsen, a Democrat, served in the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II, winning the Distinguished Flying Cross, and eventually rising to the rank of colonel in the United States Air Force. He represented Texas' 15th District in the United States House of Representatives from 1948-1955 and in the Senate from 1971-1993, winning his first Senate election against Republican candidate and future U.S. President George H.W. Bush. Mr. Bentsen was the Democratic Party's candidate for Vice President of the United States in 1988 as the running mate to Michael Dukakis, and served as Secretary of the Treasury in the administration of President Bill Clinton from 1993-1994.

Scandal
An Ontario Superior Court judge ruled that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police did not have enough evidence to accuse Greg Sorbara of criminal wrongdoing; he was reinstated as Finance Minister in the provincial government of Premier Dalton McGuinty.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Anaheim 4 @ Edmonton 5 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Monday, May 23, 2016

May 22, 2016

200 years ago
1816


Protest
A mob in Littleport, Cambridgeshire, England rioted over high unemployment and rising grain costs; the rioting spread to Ely the next day.

190 years ago
1826


Exploration
The British Royal Navy sloop HMS Beagle, under the command of Captain Pringle Stokes, departed Plymouth on its maiden voyage, accompanying HMS Adventure on a hydrographic survey of Tierra Del Fuego and Patagonia.

160 years ago
1856


Crime
U.S. Representative Preston Brooks (Democrat--South Carolina) beat Senator Charles Sumner (Free Soil--Massachusetts) with a cane in the hall of the United States Senate for a speech Sen. Sumner had made attacking Southerners who sympathized with the pro-slavery violence in Kansas ("Bleeding Kansas"). The attack was almost fatal, and Sen. Sumner's injuries were so severe that he was unable to return to work for nearly three years.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Eddie Edwards
. U.S. musician. Mr. Edwards was a trombonist with the Original Dixieland Jazz Band, who made the first jazz recordings in 1917. Mr. Edwards later led his own band, and died on April 9, 1963 at the age of 71.

110 years ago
1906


Aviation
The Wright brothers were granted U.S. patent number 821,393 for their "Flying-Machine."

90 years ago
1926


Politics and government
Chiang Kai-shek replaced Communists in the Kuomintang of China, the ruling party in the Republic of China.

75 years ago
1941


War
Sources in Ankara reported that British troops in Iraq had advanced from Fallujah to within 20 miles of Baghdad, driving 10,000-12,000 Iraqi troops before them. As German troops continued to land on Crete, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill disclosed that the Royal Air Force had been forced to abandon its Cretan airports because they were badly damaged. U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden declared that if the Vichy French regime actively assisted Germany, "we shall naturally hold ourselves free to attack the enemy wherever he may be found."

Defense
U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson denounced the Neutrality Act as a violation of the U.S.A.'s most important tradition of foreign policy, freedom of the seas. U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover disclosed that the FBI was mobilizing 150,000 local and state law enforcement officers on a voluntary basis to aid in the drive against fifth column agents. 100 American writers--including Stephen Vincent Benet, Edna Ferber, Thomas Mann, Upton Sinclair, and Hendrik Willem van Loon, issued a manifesto urging "all aid and at once--whatever that may have to mean" to the United Kingdom.

Labour
U.S. Navy trucks driven by sailors and Marines carried non-striking American Federation of Labor shipyard workers through picket lines at two yards in San Francisco; the local Congress of Industrial Organizations protested to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Health
The American Social Hygiene Association reported that tests administered to 1,897,599 people over a five-year period indicated that 3 out of every 100 adults in the United States had syphilis.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Karl Hermann Frank, 48
. German bureaucrat. SS Obergruppenführer Frank, a Sudeten German, was Reich Minister for Bohemia and Moravia during the Nazi regime's occupation during World War II. He was hanged using the Austro-Hungarian "pole method" before 5,000 onlookers in the courtyard of Pankrác Prison in Prague for his role in organizing the massacres of the people of the Czech villages of Lidice and Ležáky in 1942.

Crime
Former Canadian Research Council engineer Edward W. Mazerall was found guilty in Ottawa of revealing secret information to the U.S.S.R.

Diplomacy
U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Tom Connally (Democrat--Texas) protested the efforts of the foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France to write peace treaties before convocation of a general peace conference.

Defense
U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin announced plans to demobilize 200,000 Polish troops under British control in the United Kingdom, Germany, and Italy.

Politics and government
Japanese Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida completed his new conservative cabinet, and took office with Allied approval.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman signed the emergency housing bill, providing $400 million in subsidies for building materials.

Labour
The U.S. House of Representatives blocked efforts to revive the Fair Employment Practices Commission.

60 years ago
1956


At the movies
Invitation to the Dance, written and directed by Gene Kelly, and starring Mr. Kelly, Tamara Toumanova, Igor Youskevitch, and Tommy Rall, opened in theatres.

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
Perry Mason, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Case of the Final Fade-Out, with guest stars James Stacy, Estelle Winwood, and Jackie Coogan

This was the 271st and final episode of the series, which was in its ninth season. Erle Stanley Gardner, author of the Perry Mason novels, appeared as the judge.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ancora tu--Lucio Battisti (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Baretta's Theme--Sammy Davis, Jr. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Fernando--ABBA (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Silly Love Songs--Wings

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Welcome Back--John Sebastian (2nd week at #1)
2 Silly Love Songs--Wings
3 Fooled Around and Fell in Love--Elvin Bishop
4 Love Hangover--Diana Ross
5 Shannon--Henry Gross
6 Get Up and Boogie (That's Right)--Silver Convention
7 Happy Days--Pratt & McClain with Brother Love
8 Misty Blue--Dorothy Moore
9 Boogie Fever--Sylvers
10 Tryin' to Get the Feeling Again--Barry Manilow

Singles entering the chart were Young Hearts Run Free by Candi Staton (#81); A Fifth of Beethoven by Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band (#88); Number One by Billy Swan (#92); Fool for the City by Foghat (#95); Jukin' by Atlanta Rhythm Section (#99); and It Should Have Been Me by Yvonne Fair (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Shout it Out Loud--Kiss
2 Shannon--Henry Gross
3 Boogie Fever--Sylvers
4 Rhiannon (Will You Ever Win)--Fleetwood Mac
5 Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen
6 Love is the Drug--Roxy Music
7 Lorelei--Styx
8 Welcome Back--John Sebastian
9 Young Blood--Bad Company
10 Show Me the Way--Peter Frampton

Singles entering the chart were Don't Stop it Now by Hot Chocolate (#89); Moonlight Feels Right by Starbuck (#90); Tell Me by Airlift (#91); I.O.U. by Jimmy Dean (#92); I Want You by Marvin Gaye (#93); That's Where the Happy People Go by the Trammps (#94); Baretta's Theme by Rhythm Heritage (#95); Today's the Day by America (#96); It Makes Me Giggle by John Denver (#97); Midnight Love Affair by Tony Orlando and Dawn (#98); Tear the Roof Off the Sucker (Give Up the Funk) by Parliament (#99); and Better Days by Melissa Manchester (#100).

30 years ago
1986


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Calgary 0 @ Montreal 1 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Wind of Change--Scorpions (3rd week at #1)

Society
The United Nations Development Program 1991 report found Canada to be the second-best country in which to live after Japan; the report praised the education and health systems.

Baseball
John Wathan, who had managed the Kansas City Royals since 1987, was fired, with the team off to a 15-22 start for 1991. Coach Bob Schaefer replaced him for one game--and won--before Hal McRae assumed the job on a permanent basis. The team’s best season under Mr. Wathan was 1989, when the Royals posted a record of 92-70, second in the American League West Division, 7 games behind the Oakland Athletics.

10 years ago
2006


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Buffalo 3 @ Carolina 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)