Monday, 5 December 2016

December 6, 2016

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Katya Budanova
. U.S.S.R. military aviatrix. Miss Budanova and fellow Soviet pilot Lydia Litvyak were the best female flying aces of World War II. Miss Budanova had 11 victories in combat, but was fatally shot down by the German Luftwaffe at the age of 26 on July 19, 1943.

Kristjan Eldjarn. 3rd President of Iceland, 1968-1980. An archaeologist and not affiliated with a political party, Dr. Eldjarn was elected as Iceland's head of state with 65.6% of the vote in 1968, and was re-elected without opposition in 1972 and 1976. He retired from office in 1980 to devote himself to academic work, and died on September 13, 1982 at the age of 65.

Hugo Peretti. U.S. songwriter and record producer. Mr. Peretti and his cousin Luigi Creatore formed the duo Hugo & Luigi, who produced records for artists such as Jimmie Rodgers, Perry Como, and Sam Cooke. Among the songs they helped write was Can't Help Falling in Love, a major hit for Elvis Presley in late 1961-early 1962. Mr. Peretti died on May 1, 1986 at the age of 69.

War
The Central Powers captured Bucharest.

Transportation
The Canadian Pacific Railway completed the Connaught Tunnel, five miles through Macdonald Mountain in the Selkirk Range in British Columbia; it opened for traffic on December 9, 1916. Canada's longest rail tunnel took two years to blast, and cost $2 million; it was built to avoid the climb over Rogers' Pass, and eliminate 5 miles of snowsheds that protected the main line from frequent avalanches.

80 years ago
1936


Football
CRU
The Regina Roughriders, champions of the Western Interprovincial Football Union, decided not to play the Sarnia Imperials, winners of the previous day's eastern final, for the Grey Cup on December 12. The Roughriders had five American players on their roster who, under a ruling adopted by the CRU earlier in the year, were not eligible to play in the Grey Cup game. The Roughriders had originally refused to play for the Grey Cup under such a restriction, but had then changed their minds and agreed to accept the condition. However, when they did so, five members of the Western Canada Rugby Union's executive announced their resignations. Without the support of the WCRU, the Roughriders thought it best to decline to travel to Sarnia to play for the Grey Cup. The Imperials were thus the Grey Cup champions for the second time in the previous three years, and their eastern final win over the Ottawa Rough Riders on December 5 went into the record books as the Grey Cup game.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Chattanooga Choo Choo--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Movies
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures Corp. suspended showing of Two-Faced Woman, which had opened in theatres on November 30, after December 16, 1941, pending revision of the film. The movie had been banned in Providence and Boston, and authorities in Chicago, Milwaukee, and Omaha had ordered cuts to be made in the film before it could play in those cities. Two-Faced Woman had also been condemned by the Catholic Legion of Decency and New York Roman Catholic Archbishop Francis Spellman.

War
The United Kingdom announced at 1 A.M. that a state of war with Finland, Hungary and Romania existed after those three countries had rejected a British ultimatum to halt their attacks on Russia. British Security Co-ordination (BSC) head William Stephenson opened Special Training School 103--better known as Camp X--near Whitby and Oshawa, Ontario, for the purpose of training Allied Secret Agents for the war.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent a personal message to Emperor Hirohito of Japan appealing for peace, amid reports that Japanese troops were sailing toward Thailand.

Defense
U.S. Navy authorities in the Panama Canal Zone reported that they were investigating rumours that Axis raiders disguised as Japanese merchant ships were using Port Callao, Peru as a base.

The U.S. Navy ordered six Finnish ships in American ports put under protective custody.

Transportation
Two Pan Am Airways Clippers left Miami with a total of 30 passengers to inaugurate air service to Africa.

Track and field
NCAA
The Big Ten athletic conference in Chicago abolished the javelin event as harmful because it frequently caused back and shoulder injuries among contestants.

70 years ago
1946


War
Chinese Communists notified U.S. mediator General George Marshall that they would note resume negotiations with the Nationalists until the dissolution of the "illegal" Constitutional Assembly in Nanking.

Politics and government
A subcommittee of the United Nations Trusteeship Council overrode Soviet objections and assigned control of Western Samoa to New Zealanad; Rwanda-Urundi to Belgium; New Guinea to Australia; Tanganyika and the British Cameroons to the United Kingdom; and French Togoland and the French Cameroons to France.

A British cabinet conference on India broke down in London as Muslim League leader Mohammed Ali Jinnah refused to change his stand on the Muslim boycott of the forthcoming Indian Constituent Assembly.

Economics and finance
The Yugoslavian National Assembly approved a law nationalizing 42 industries, with owners paid in state bonds.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Je vais revoir ma blonde--Darío Moreno

Died on this date
B. R. Ambedkar, 65
. Indian politician. Dr. Ambedkar, a member of the Labour Party, was India's first Indian Minister of Law and Justice, holding the position from 1947-1951 in the cabinet of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

Defense
Iceland announced her withdrawal of the request for the withdrawal of American forces from the country's NATO bases.

Soviet Foreign Minister Dmitri Shepilov admitted that the U.S.S.R. had sent Syria "a small amount of arms," but denied that this was "a threat to peace."

Politics and government
Haitian President Paul Magloire resigned at the end of his six-year term, but immediately reassumed office with the support of the Army.

Disasters
Fire destroyed much of the downtown of Hedley, British Columbia.

Olympics
Ervin Zádor scored 2 goals, but left late in the game with blood flowing from a cut over his eye after being punched by Soviet player Valentin Prokopov as Hungary defeated the U.S.S.R. 4-0 in men's water polo competition at the Summer Olympics in Melbourne. The match occurred against the backdrop of the recent and unsuccessful Hungarian Revolution, which had been crushed by invading Soviet troops.



The Australian team of Dawn Fraser, Faith Leech, Sandra Morgan, and Lorraine Crapp won the gold medal in the women's 400-metre freestyle relay swimming event in the world-record time of 4:17.1.

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Devil's Disciples, with guest stars Lou Antonio, Bruce Dern, and Diana Hyland

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Money, Money, Money--ABBA (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kita no Yadokara--Harumi Miyako

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Europa (Earth's Cry Heaven's Smile)-- Santana (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
João Goulart, 57
. 24th President of Brazil, 1961-1964; 14th Vice President of Brazil, 1956-1961. "Jango" Goulart was the first president of the Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro (PTB) (Brazilian Labour Party), founded in 1945. He was first elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1950, and was Minister of Labour in the cabinet of President Getulio Vargas from 1953-1954. As the running mate of President Juscelino Kubitschek, Mr. Goulart was elected Vice President in 1956 and re-elected in 1960, succeeding to the presidency upon the resignation of President Jânio Quadros. Mr. Goulart pursued a policy of state economic interventionism and friendly relations with Communist governments, and was deposed in a military coup on March 31, 1964. He went into exile, first in Uruguay, then in Argentina. Mr. Uruguay died of a reported heart attack, but suspicions remain that he was assassinated; he was regarded as the last left-wing President of Brazil until Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva took office in 2003.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Notorious--Duran Duran (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Don't Leave Me This Way--The Communards (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Walk Like an Egyptian--Bangles

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Final Countdown--Europe (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Final Countdown--Europe

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Next Time I Fall--Peter Cetera with Amy Grant

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You Give Love a Bad Name--Bon Jovi
2 Human--Human League
3 The Next Time I Fall--Peter Cetera with Amy Grant
4 The Way it Is--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
5 True Blue--Madonna
6 Hip to Be Square--Huey Lewis and the News
7 Everybody Have Fun Tonight--Wang Chung
8 Word Up--Cameo
9 Walk Like an Egyptian--Bangles
10 Love Will Conquer All--Lionel Richie

Singles entering the chart were Open Your Heart by Madonna (#47); We're Ready by Boston (#59); Ballerina Girl by Lionel Richie (#73); I Need Your Loving by the Human League (#84); I'll Be Alright Without You by Journey (#85); Can't Help Falling in Love by Corey Hart (#86); Jimmy Lee by Aretha Franklin (#88); and Crazay by Jesse Johnson (featuring Sly Stone (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Amanda--Boston
2 Two of Hearts--Stacey Q
3 The Next Time I Fall--Peter Cetera with Amy Grant
4 The Lady in Red--Chris de Burgh
5 True Blue--Madonna
6 Human--Human League
7 To Be a Lover--Billy Idol
8 Spirit in the Sky--Doctor and the Medics
9 Stand by Me--Ben E. King
10 (Forever) Live and Die--Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark

Singles entering the chart were This is the Time by Billy Joel (#88); Graceland by Paul Simon (#91); Stay the Night by Benjamin Orr (#92); Somewhere Out There by Linda Ronstadt and James Ingram (#94); Miami by Bob Seger (#95); Touch Me (I Want Your Body) by Samantha Fox (#96); All I Wanted by Kansas (#97); and Shot in the Dark by Haywire (#98). Stand by Me was a reissue of the 1961 hit and was from the 1986 movie of the same name.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Boku wa kono hitomi de usowotsuku--Chage and Aska (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Let's Talk About Sex--Salt-N-Pepa (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Richard Stone, 78
. U.K. economist. Sir Richard was awarded the 1984 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for having made fundamental contributions to the development of systems of national accounts and hence greatly improved the basis for empirical economic analysis."

War
In Croatia, forces of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) bombarded Dubrovnik after laying siege to the city for seven months.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Verpiss' Dich--Tic Tac Toe

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Breathe--The Prodigy (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Pete Rozelle, 70
. U.S. football executive. Alvin Ray Rozelle worked in publicity with the University of San Francisco and the Los Angeles Rams before becoming the Rams' general manager in 1957. The team had little success on the field, but became financially successful. Three months after the death of Bert Bell, Mr. Rozelle was the surprise choice to become the National Football League's new commissioner. Mr. Rozelle held the position until November 1989, and was largely responsible for the NFL becoming one of the most successful businesses in the United States. He promoted policies of revenue-sharing, achieved a merger with the rival American Football League, and proposed Monday Night Football, which has been a television staple since 1970. Mr. Rozelle died of brain cancer; he was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1985, while still serving as commissioner.

10 years ago
2006


Space
NASA revealed photographs taken by Mars Global Surveyor suggesting the presence of liquid water on Mars.

War
The bipartisan Iraq Study Group concluded that U.S. President George W. Bush's war policies had failed in almost every regard, and said the situation in Iraq was "grave and deteriorating."

December 5, 2016

350 years ago
1666


Born on this date
Francesco Scarlatti
. Italian composer. Mr. Scarlatti was the younger brother of composer Alessandro Scarlatti and the uncle of composer Domenico Scarlatti. Francesco Scarlatti was a violinist whose compositions included the choral works Psalm 110 and Psalm 51. He died in or after the age of 74 in 1741, the latest date for which any record exists for him.

250 years ago
1766


Business
In London, auctioneer James Christie held his first sale.

240 years ago
1776


Academia
The first scholastic fraternity in the United States--Phi Beta Kappa--was organized at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia.

225 years ago
1791


Died on this date
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 35
. Austrian composer. A child prodigy who became one of the most renowned composers in history, Mr. Mozart died in Vienna after a brief illness.

125 years ago
1891


Died on this date
Pedro II of Brazil, 66
. Emperor of Brazil, 1831-1889. Dom Pedro II, the seventh child of Emperor Pedro I, succeeded to the throne at the age of 5 upon his father's abdication. Dom Pedro II modernized the country, but was overthrown by a coup on November 15, 1889, and spent his last two years in exile with his family in Paris.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Walt McPherson
. U.S. basketball coach. Mr. McPherson coached the men's team at San Jose State University (1940-42, 1945-60), compiling a record of 261-207, and leading the Spartans to national championships in 1941, 1948, and 1949. He died on January 12, 2013 at the age of 96.

Hilary Koprowski. Polish-born U.S. physician. Dr. Koprowski fled Poland after the German invasion of the country in 1939, and eventually settled in the United States. He was best known for creating the world's first polio vaccine, which he tested first on himself in 1948. Dr. Koprowski's vaccine eventually led to the vaccine used by Dr. Albert Sabin. Dr. Koprowski died on April 11,2013 at the age of 96.

90 years ago
1926


Died on this date
Claude Monet, 86
. French artist. Mr. Monet was one of the founders of French Impressionist painting, and was especially known for his paintings of the French countryside. He died three weeks after his 86th birthday.

Football
AFL
Los Angeles (6-6-2) 5 @ Chicago (5-5-3) 0

80 years ago
1936


Politics and government
The Soviet Union adopted a new constitution, and the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic was established as a full Union Republic of the U.S.S.R.

Football
CRU
Eastern Final @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Sarnia Imperials (ORFU) 26 Ottawa Rough Riders (IRFU) 20

The Imperials led 24-12 and held on to defeat the Rough Riders before 5,883 fans in what was described as a very exciting game. Orm Beach of the Imperials opened the scoring early in the game with a short touchdown rush, converted by Alex Hayes. Mike Hedgewick of Sarnia then scored a touchdown on an end run, and Mr. Hayes' convert gave the Imperials a 12-0 lead. The Rough Riders got on the scoreboard before the end of the 1st quarter on a pass from Tommy Daley to Andy Tommy. Tiny Herman's convert attempt was unsuccessful, leaving Sarnia with a 12-5 lead. A single point early in the 2nd quarter made the score 12-6, and the Rough Riders tied the game when Bunny Wadsworth fumbled attempting to rush for a touchdown, and Mr. Herman recovered in the Sarnia end zone for a touchdown, which he converted to tie the game. Two more Sarnia touchdowns, including another by Mr. Beach, gave the Imperials a 24-12 halftime lead. 2 single points gave Sarnia a 26-12 lead after 3 quarters, which became 26-14 with 2 Ottawa singles early in the 4th quarter. Rough Riders' quarterback Arnie McWatters rushed for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Herman, to make the score 26-20, and the Rough Riders drove as far as the Sarnia 35-yard line with about 3 minutes left in regulation time, but turned the ball over on downs. Mr. Wadsworth failed to finish the game, having been ejected in the 3rd quarter for "using the wrong kind of language to the officials," in the words of Tommy Munns of The Globe and Mail. Having defeated the IRFU champions, the ORFU champion Imperials prepared to play the WIFU champion Regina Roughriders for the Grey Cup, scheduled for December 12.

75 years ago
1941


War
In the Battle of Moscow, Marshal Georgy Zhukov launched a massive Soviet counter-attack of 100 divisions against the German army. Germany agreed to a secret treaty with Japan for a war against the United States, and barring any separate peace. The Japanese government informed U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt that Japanese troops had been reinforced in northern French Indochina "with the object of taking precautionary measures" against Chinese troops along the border.

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives passed the $8,243,839,031 third supplemental national defense appropriation bill and sent it to the Senate.

Law
The New Jersey Supreme Court reversed the convictions of nine leaders of the German-American Bund, ruling that the state's 1935 "race hatred" law violated the free speech provisions of the federal and state constitutions.

70 years ago
1946


Defense
Despite a drop in enlistments, the U.S. War Department extended the draft suspension through January 1947

Politics and government
Elections for the Berlin City Council resulted in Social Democrats winning seven of 14 seats, allowing Socialist Otto Ostrowski to become Lord Mayor of Berlin.

The U.S. Senate Campaign Investigating Committee ended a four-day probe into the campaign tactics of Sen. Theodore Bilbo (Democrat--Mississippi) after hearing the testimony of over 50 Negroes who charged that they had been prevented from voting in the Mississippi Democratic primary.

U.S. Civilian Production Administrator John Small resigned.

Society
U.S. President Harry Truman established a 15-man Committee on Civil Rights, with General Motors President Charles Wilson as chairman.

Energy
The Little Inch pipeline, operated by Tennessee Gas and Transmission Company, began moving natural gas from the southwestern United States to the northeastern part of the country at a rate of 50 million cubic feet per day.

60 years ago
1956


Defense
Meeting in Washington with U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, the ambassadors of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Pakistan proposed that the Baghdad Pact be linked with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Southeast Asia Treaty Organization alliances.

Israeli Ambassador Abba Eban conferred in New York with United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold, winning agreement on indefinite stationing of UN forces in the Sinai Desert.

Protest
Hungarian police and tanks in Budapest dispersed demonstrators who had gathered at the U.S., U.K., and French embassies to shout slogans against Premier Janos Kadar and demand the restoration to office of deposed Premier Imre Nagy.

Scandal
A U.S. federal grand jury opened an investigation of Representative Adam Clayton Powell (Democrat--New York) on charges of possible tax evasion, padding of his congressional payroll, and salary kickbacks.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Black is Black--Los Bravos (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band (2nd week at #1)
2 Lady Godiva--Peter and Gordon
3 You Keep Me Hangin' On--The Supremes
4 Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
5 Devil with a Blue Dress On & Good Golly Miss Molly--Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels
6 Stop Stop Stop--The Hollies
7 I'm Ready for Love--Martha and the Vandellas
8 Born Free--Roger Williams
9 Holy Cow--Lee Dorsey
10 Look Through My Window--The Mamas and the Papas

Singles entering the chart were Help Me Girl by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#75); Cry by Ronnie Dove (#79); She Comes to Me by the Chicago Loop (#83); Knock on Wood by Eddie Floyd (#86); It's Not Funny Honey by Bobby Curtola (#88); Ghost Riders in the Sky by Baja Marimba Band (#93); Yo-Yo by Billy Joe Royal (#94); Behind the Door by Cher (#96); School Day by Jan & Dean (#97); Annie by the Rising Sons (#98); You Can Bring Me Heartaches by Lou Rawls (#99); and I Love My Dog by Cat Stevens (#100).

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Six Napoleons

40 years ago
1976


Politics and government
Japan's ruling Liberal Democratic Party suffered losses in the general election, but held on to power with help from independent members of the Diet.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Edward Youde, 62
. U.K.-born diplomat and politician. Sir Edward spent most of his career with the British Foreign Office in China. He served as Ambassador to the People's Republic of China from 1974-1978, and wasGovernor of Hong Kong from 1982 until his death from a heart attack in his sleep while on a visit to the British embassy in Beijing.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Zigzagging--Zig and Zag (3rd week at #1)

Law
Gun control legislation in Canada received royal assent. The bill banned imports of automatic assault weapons, and imposed safe-storage rules and a waiting period to buy guns. The measure, overseen by Justice Minister Kim Campbell, passed in the House of Commons only after Prime Minister Brian Mulroney moved to quell dissent in his caucus.

Business
A month after the death of U.K. publisher Robert Maxwell, administrators were called in to try to salvage Mr. Maxwell's business empire, which was at least £1 billion in debt.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Roses are Red--Aqua

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Breathe--The Prodigy (3rd week at #1)

10 years ago
2006


World events
Fijian Navy Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrew the government of Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase and announced that he had "reluctantly" assumed the powers of the presidency.

Health
New York became the first city in the United States to ban trans fats in restaurants.

December 4, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Marina Kosan!

225 years ago
1791


Journalism
The Observer, the world's first Sunday newspaper, published its first edition in London.

150 years ago
1866


Politics and government
Delegates from Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick met at the London Conference to draw up an act uniting the provinces of British North America. Meetings were held at the Westminster Palace Hotel; business commenced with a thorough review of the Québec Resolutions (72 Resolutions) to ensure that the wording of each was satisfactory. Much discussion ensued over Section 93, which protected separate schools in Québec and Ontario, but not in Nova Scotia or New Brunswick. The London conference lasted until December 24, when the London Resolutions were drafted and sent to the Imperial government.

90 years ago
1926


Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Ottawa Senators 10 University of Toronto 7

Charlie Lynch scored the game's only touchdown and Joe Miller added 5 singles as the Senators defeated U of T to win their second straight Grey Cup championship. Charlie Trimble kicked 5 singles for the University of Toronto and Mr. Snyder added 2 more. 8,276 fans were in attendance, but conditions were so cold in the stadium that many of the fans immediately went back downstairs and attempted unsuccessfully to get their money back, while others huddled under the stands trying to keep warm. Mr. Miller immediately retired from football after the game, and promptly joined the New York Americans of the National Hockey League as a goaltender. It was the last Grey Cup in which a university team played.

75 years ago
1941


Journalism
The Chicago Sun published its first edition.

60 years ago
1956


Music
The Million Dollar Quartet--Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, and Johnny Cash--got together at Sun Record Studios in Memphis for the first and last time.

Canadiana
The first Hungarian refugees arrived in Vancouver. Many who followed were students, staff and family members from the big Sopron School of Forestry in Hungary, and almost 300 enrolled in the Faculty of Forestry of the University of British Columbia. A total of about 37,000 Hungarian refugees came to Canada after Soviet tanks crushed their October 1956 uprising.

Football
NCAA
The New York Downtown Athletic Club named Notre Dame halfback Paul Hornung as the winner of the Heisman Memorial Trophy as the outstanding college player in the United States for 1956.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Sei forte papà--Gianni Morandi

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Money, Money, Money--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (New Musical Express).: Under the Moon of Love--Showaddywaddy

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Tonight's the Night (Gonna Be Alright)--Rod Stewart (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tonight's the Night (Gonna Be Alright)--Rod Stewart (3rd week at #1)
2 Muskrat Love--Captain and Tennille
3 Love So Right--Bee Gees
4 More than a Feeling--Boston
5 Nadia's Theme (The Young and the Restless)--Barry DeVorzon and Perry Botkin, Jr.
6 The Rubberband Man--The Spinners
7 You Make Me Feel Like Dancing--Leo Sayer
8 You are the Woman--Firefall
9 I Never Cry--Alice Cooper
10 You Don't Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show--Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr.

Singles entering the chart were I Wish by Stevie Wonder (#46); Free Bird by Lynyrd Skynyrd (#56); Night Moves by Bob Seger (#80); Living Next Door to Alice by Smokie (#86); Someone to Lay Down Beside Me by Linda Ronstadt (#87); Save it for a Rainy Day by Stephen Bishop (#89); Can't Let a Woman by Ambrosia (#97); Slow Dancing by the Funky Kings (#98); and You've Got Me Runnin' by Gene Cotton (#100). Free Bird was a live version of the original hit from 1975.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Tonight's the Night (Gonna Be Alright)--Rod Stewart (2nd week at #1)
2 Love So Right--Bee Gees
3 Muskrat Love--Captain and Tennille
4 More than a Feeling--Boston
5 Stand Tall--Burton Cummings
6 You are the Woman--Firefall
7 Nadia's Theme (The Young and the Restless)--Barry DeVorzon and Perry Botkin, Jr.
8 I Never Cry--Alice Cooper
9 Do You Feel Like We Do--Peter Frampton
10 Nights are Forever Without You--England Dan & John Ford Coley

Singles entering the chart were Surprise by Andre Gagnon (#77); Flying by Hometown Band (#88); This Song by George Harrison (#95); I Don't Wanna Lose Your Love by the Emotions (#96); It Keeps You Runnin' by the Doobie Brothers (#77); Dog Eat Dog by Ted Nugent (#98); Baby, I'll Give it to You by Seals and Crofts (#99); and I Kinda Miss You by the Manhattans (#100).

Died on this date
Benjamin Britten, 63
. U.K. composer. Mr. Britten wrote orchestral, chamber, and vocal music. His works included The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra (1945); the opera Peter Grimes (1945); and The War Requiem (1962). In 1976, Mr. Britten became the first composer to receive a life peerage; he died of congestive heart failure 12 days after his 63rd birthday.

Tommy Bolin, 25. U.S. musician. Mr. Bolin was a guitarist with the rock groups Zephyr (1969-1971); The James Gang (1973-1974); and Deep Purple (1975-1976), and also had a solo career. He died of an overdose of heroin and other substances hours after performing in Miami as the opening act for Jeff Beck.

30 years ago
1986


On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Together and Apart: 1943

The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Toys of Caliban, starring Richard Mulligan, Anne Haney, and David Greenlee

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Black or White--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Dinner Out

Terrorism
Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson was released by his Islamic captors after spending more than six years as a hostage in Lebanon.

Business
Pan American World Airways ceased operations after 64 years, and 11 months after declaring bankruptcy. The last Pan Am flight took place that afternoon: Flight 436, a Boeing 727-200 from Bridgetown, Barbados to Miami, piloted by Captain Mark Pyle.

10 years ago
2006


Abominations
Racial tensions among Negro and white teenagers in Jena, Louisiana culminted in the beating by six Negro youths of white Justin Barker, 17. The usual anti-white race hustlers supported the thugs.

Sunday, 4 December 2016

December 3, 2016

80 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 3

70 years ago
1946


Politics and government
Socialist Vincent Auriol was elected President of the French National Assembly.

Society
An all-white jury in Atlanta acquitted Roswell Biggers of holding five Negroes in involuntary servitude.

Labour
Oakland, California was tied up by a general strike of more than 100,000 union members protesting police action in breaking up a picket line of department store clerks.

In Washington, D.C., U.S. District Court Judge Alan Goldsborough convicted Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis of civil and criminal contempt of court for violating an order to revoke the union's notice of contract termination. Mr. Lewis admitted the violation, but condemned the order for forcing miners into "involuntary servitude."

Football
NCAA
Associated Press sportswriters named the University of Notre Dame Fighting Irish as the best college team in the United States for 1946, while the United States Military Academy received the Lambert Trophy as the best eastern team.

60 years ago
1956


Communications
The Canadian Overseas Telecommunication Corporation introduced international Telex to Canada in Montreal.

Basketball
NCAA
Northwestern 69 @ Kansas 87

Wilt Chamberlain made his debut with the University of Kansas by scoring a school-record 52 points to lead the Jayhawks over the Wildcats in Lawrence.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): No Milk Today--Herman's Hermits

#1 single in France: Les Playboys--Jacques Dutronc

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Bang Bang--Equipe 84 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Bend It--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): No Milk Today--Herman's Hermits (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You Keep Me Hangin' On--The Supremes
2 Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
3 Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band
4 Devil with a Blue Dress On & Good Golly Miss Molly--Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels
5 Poor Side of Town--Johnny Rivers
6 I'm Your Puppet--James and Bobby Purify
7 Mellow Yellow--Donovan
8 Lady Godiva--Peter and Gordon
9 Born Free--Roger Williams
10 Stop Stop Stop--The Hollies

Singles entering the chart were Try a Little Tenderness by Otis Redding (#71); Good Thing by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#72); I Fooled You This Time by Gene Chandler (#81); I'm a Believer by the Monkees (#82); Words of Love (#83)/Dancing in the Street (#89) by the Mamas and the Papas; 98.6 by Keith (#85); Going Nowhere by Los Bravos (#87); Alvin's Boo-Ga-Loo by Alvin Cash and the Registers (#88); If You Go Away by Damita Jo (#96); Living for You by Sonny and Cher (#98); Wedding Bell Blues by Laura Nyro (#99); Just One Smile by Gene Pitney (#100); and There's Something on Your Mind by Baby Ray (also #100).

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson and Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz met in Mexico to celebrate joint U.S.-Mexican construction of the Amistad Dam on the Rio Grande.

Basketball
NCAA
Southern California 90 @ California at Los Angeles 105

Lew Alcindor, making his debut with UCLA, scored a school-record 56 points to lead the Bruins over the Trojans at Pauley Pavilion.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Howzat--Sherbet (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Jeans On--David Dundas

#1 single in Switzerland: Daddy Cool--Boney M (8th week at #1)

25 years ago
1991


Politics and government
Canadian Auditor General Denis Desautels issued his first Annual Report; he criticizes farm aid, Indian Affairs, and investment of government pension funds.

20 years ago
1996


Scandal
Former National Hockey League Players Association executive director Alan Eagleson was charged by Royal Canadian Mounted Police in Tornto with fraud and theft; he had been indicted in 1994 for racketeering and fraud.

December 2, 2016

125 years ago
1891


Transportation
The Great Northern Railway (GNR) started regular service from the ferry dock at Liverpool (Brownsville) on the Fraser River's south shore opposite New Westminster, British Columbia to Seattle.

80 years ago
1936


Died on this date
John Ringling, 70
. U.S. entertainment executive. Mr. Ringling was one of the founders of Ringling Bros. World's Greatest Shows, which merged with Barnum & Bailey Circus in 1919.

75 years ago
1941


Baseball
Mel Ott, 32, signed a two-year contract as playing manager of the New York Giants. The outfielder had been with the Giants since 1926 and had batted .286 with 27 home runs and 90 runs batted in and 100 bases on balls in 148 games in 1941. He replaced Bill Terry, who had managed the team since 1932, and had led the Giants to a 74-79 record in 1941, fifth in the Natinal League, 25 1/2 games behind the pennant-winning Brooklyn Dodgers.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rumors are Flying--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)
--The Andrews Sisters with Les Paul
--Betty Rhodes
--Tony Martin
2 Ole Buttermilk Sky--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
--Helen Carroll and the Satisfiers
--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with Matt Dennis
--Hoagy Carmichael
3 The Old Lamp-Lighter--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
--Hal Derwin
4 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--The Three Suns
5 This is Always--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Jo Stafford
6 The Things We Did Last Summer--Frank Sinatra
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
7 South America, Take it Away--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Xavier Cugat and the Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra
8 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--The Ink Spots
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
9 (I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons--King Cole Trio
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
10 Passe--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Margaret Whiting

Singles entering the chart were A Gal in Calico, with versions by Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra and Bing Crosby with the Calico Kids; A Gal in Calico (#16, charting with the versions just mentioned)/Winter Wonderland (#20) by Johnny Mercer; Winter Wonderland by Perry Como and the Satisfiers (#20, charting with the version by Johnny Mercer); Either it's Love or it Isn't (#22)/I Get the Blues When it Rains (#34) by the Ink Spots; and In a Shanty in Old Shanty Town by Johnny Long and his Orchestra (#28).

War
Rev. Joseph Tiso, President of the wartime collaborationist Slovak Republic, went on trial for war crimes committed in Czechoslovakia during World War II.

Exploration
Eight U.S. Navy ships left Norfolk, Virginia to be joined by four more from San Diego and Port Hueneme, California in the largest Antarctic expedition in history.

Energy
Dr. Enrico Fermi revealed in Chicago that the United States now had five controlled nuclear chain reaction piles in operation.

Economics and finance
A United Press survey found that 13 of 14 leading American economists thought the country faced a depression in the near future.

Labour
U.S. Federal Judge Walter La Guy ruled in Chicago that the Lea Act, aimed at restricting labour practices in the communications industry, was unconstitutional.

Disasters
The Royal Canadian Navy minesweeper HMCS Middlesex ran aground near Halifax and became a total loss.

60 years ago
1956


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Jonathan, starring Georgann Johnson, Corey Allen, and Douglas Kennedy



World events
The Granma reaches the shores of the Cuban province of Oriente; Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and 80 other members of the 26th of July Movement disembarked to initiate the Cuban Revolution.

Olympics
The United States, led by center Bill Russell, defeated the U.S.S.R. 89-55 to win the gold medal in the men's basketball competition at the Summer Olympic Games in Melbourne. Mr. Russell scored 13 points, while teammate K.C. Jones scored 14.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
2 Mellow Yellow--Donovan
3 Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band
4 Walk Away Renee--The Left Banke
5 Lady Godiva--Peter and Gordon
6 Stop Stop Stop--The Hollies
7 Sugar Town--Nancy Sinatra
8 A Hazy Shade of Winter--Simon and Garfunkel
9 Coming on Strong--Brenda Lee
10 If I Were a Carpenter--Bobby Darin
Pick hit of the week: A Symphony for Susan--The Arbors
New this week: Words of Love--The Mamas and the Papas
Armful of Teddy Bears--Barry Allen
98.6--Keith
Bad Misunderstanding--The Critters
The Bears--The Fastest Group Alive

Died on this date
Giles Cooper, 48
. U.K. playwright. Mr. Cooper wrote numerous dramas for BBC radio, some of which were later made into movies and television programs. He died from a fall from a train, probably because he was drunk, although some claim his death was suicide.

Diplomacy
U Thant was unanimously elected to a second term as Secretary-General of the United Nations.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Danny Murtaugh, 59
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. Murtaugh was a second baseman with the Philadelphia Phillies (1941-1943, 1946); Boston Braves (1947); and Pittsburgh Pirates (1948-1951), batting .254 with 8 home runs and 219 runs batted in in 767 games. He had four different stints as manager of the Pirates from 1957-1976, compiling a record of 1,115-950, and leading them to World Series championships in 1960 and 1971. Mr. Murtaugh suffered from health problems for years and died of a stroke two months after managing his last game, after already announcing his retirement. This blogger saw the Pirates play in person under Mr. Murtaugh four months before his death.

Politics and government
Fidel Castro became President of Cuba, replacing Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado, who had held the office since July 18, 1959.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Desi Arnaz, 69
. Cuban-born U.S. musician and actor. Mr. Arnaz, born Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III, was a popular bandleader in Cuba and the United States in the 1940s, but was best known for his marriage to American comedienne Lucille Ball from 1940-1960. The two formed the production company Desilu Productions and co-starred as Lucy and Ricky Ricardo in the television comedy series I Love Lucy (1951-1957) and The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour (1957-1960). Mr. Arnaz was a heavy smoker who died of lung cancer.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Black or White--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Canada and Poland became the first countries to recognize the newly-independent state of Ukraine.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Child--Mark Owen (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Head Over Feet--Alanis Morisette (3rd week at #1)
2 He Liked to Feel It--Crash Test Dummies
3 Black Cloud Rain--Corey Hart
4 Leave it Alone--Moist
5 If it Makes You Happy--Sheryl Crow
6 Beautiful Goodbye--Amanda Marshall
7 Mouth--Merril Bainbridge
8 Everything You've Done Wrong--Sloan
9 Dance Into the Light--Phil Collins
10 How Bizarre--OMC

Singles entering the chart were Betcha by Golly Wow by The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (#73); I Finally Found Someone by Bryan Adams and Barbra Streisand (#74); Do to You by Bryan Adams (#75); 100 Years from Now by Huey Lewis and the News (#82); Used to Be Alright by I Mother Earth (#83); Mary (There's Nobody Like You) by the Earthtones (#94); Love Rollercoaster by Red Hot Chili Peppers (#95); To Love You More by Celine Dion (#96); and Don't Speak by No Doubt (#97).

Politics and government
Lucien Bouchard was sworn in as Premier of Québec, replacing Jacques Parizeau.

Michel Gauthier resigned after nine months as interim leader of the Bloc québécois; he was later replaced by Gilles Duceppe in a convention vote.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Mariska Veres, 59
. Dutch singer. Miss Veres was best known as lead singer of the rock group The Shocking Blue, who had an international hit single with Venus (1969-1970). She died of cancer.

Politics and government
Stéphane Dion defeated Michael Ignatieff and Bob Rae to become leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, replacing retiring former Prime Minister Paul Martin.

Ed Stelmach defeated Jim Dinning and Ted Morton to win the leadership of the governing Progressive Conservative Party of Alberta on the second ballot. In the first ballot, a week earlier, Mr. Dinning led, with Mr. Morton second, but lacked the required majority of votes to win. Mr. Stelmach was in third place after the first ballot.

Saturday, 3 December 2016

December 1, 2016

150 years ago
1866


Died on this date
George Everest, 76
. U.K. geographer. Sir George was Surveyor General of India from 1830-1843; Mount Everest was named in his honour in 1865.

110 years ago
1906


Football
CRU
Dominion Final
Hamilton Tigers 29 @ McGill University 3

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Wan Li
. Chinese politician. Mr. Wan was a Communist who held various offices in the People's Republic of China, including Vice Premier (1983-1988) and Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (1988-1993). He died on July 15, 2015 at the age of 98.

War
The cabinet of Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden passed an Order-in-Council authorizing an increase of Canadian troop strength to 500,000.

90 years ago
1926


Politics and government
Premier Howard Ferguson led his governing Conservative Party to re-election in the Ontario provincial election. The Conservatives won 72 of 112 seats in the Provincial Parliament, down from 75 in the 1923 election. The Liberals and Liberal-Prohibitionists, led by W.E.N. Sinclair, were second with a total of 15 seats.

Society
In a referendum conducted in conjunction with the provincial election, Ontario voters decided on government control of sale of liquor rather than prohibition.

80 years ago
1936


Canadiana
The purple violet (Viola cuculata) became New Brunswick's official flower after a vote by school children and the Women's Institutes.

75 years ago
1941


War
Emperor Hirohito of Japan gave his final approval to initiate war against the United States.

Defense
Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the U.S. Office of Civilian Defense, signed Administrative Order 9, creating the Civil Air Patrol.

Economics and finance
Maximum Prices Regulations were passed by the Canadian Parliament, to begin wartime wage and price controls in Canada. The regulations were based on the highest prices in the four weeks ending October 11, 1941.

Football
NCAA
The final poll of Associated Press reporters named the University of Minnesota Golden Gophers as the best team in American college football for 1941, followed by Duke and Notre Dame.

70 years ago
1946


Politics and government
Miguel Aleman Valdes was inaugurated as President of Mexico.

Protest
U.S. military veterans who had occupied 50 homes in Chicago as "squatters" began to move out after the Chicago Housing Authority promised not to prosecute them.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom)--Perry Como (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Smoky--Die Sieben Raben (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray (4th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Me Tender/Any Way You Want Me--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--5th week at #1); Love Me Tender--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--5th week at #1; Top 100--2nd week at #1); The Green Door--Jim Lowe (Jukebox--3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell
2 Love Me Tender--Elvis Presley
3 The Green Door--Jim Lowe
4 True Love--Bing Crosby and Grace Kelly
--Jane Powell
5 Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Ray
6 Blueberry Hill--Fats Domino
7 Honky Tonk (Parts 1 and 2)--Bill Doggett
8 Hey! Jealous Lover--Frank Sinatra
9 Cindy, Oh Cindy--Vince Martin with the Tarriers
--Eddie Fisher
10 A Rose and a Baby Ruth--George Hamilton IV

Singles entering the chart were Love Me by Elvis Presley (#22); Moonlight Gambler by Frankie Laine (#37); I Feel Good by Shirley and Lee (#46); and Baby Doll by Andy Williams (#50).

Baseball
The Baseball Writers Association of America named Cincinnati Redlegs' left fielder Frank Robinson as the National League Rookie of the Year for 1956, and Chicago White Sox' shortstop Luis Aparicio as the American League Rookie of the Year. Mr. Robinson batted .290 with 38 home runs and 83 runs batted in in 152 games, and led the NL with 122 runs. Mr. Aparicio batted .266 with 7 homers and 33 RBIs in 152 games, and led the AL with 21 stolen bases.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Lady Godiva--Peter and Gordon (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones

Politics and government
The West German Bundestag elected Kurt Kiesinger to replace Ludwig Erhard as Chancellor of West Germany.

40 years ago
1976


Diplomacy
Angola was admitted to the United Nations.

Politics and government
Jose Lopez Portillo took office as President of Mexico; he called for national unity and told Mexicans to look forward to "austerity as a way of life."

Scandal
An Italian parliamentary commission implicated former Prime Minister Mario Rumor in connection with the Lockheed bribery scandal.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're the Voice--John Farnham (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): ¿A Quién Le Importa?--Alaska y Dinarama (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Frank McCarthy, 74
. U.S. military officer and movie producer. Brigadier General McCarthy was secretary of the U.S. Department of War General Staff from 1943-1945, winning several decorations. He then embarked on a career in film production, and won the Academy Award for Best Picture for Patton (1970).

Business
The value of shares of the British distiller Guinness dropped by more than £300 million after the government of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher ordered an inquiry into the affairs of the company.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that Canada Post was not obligated to provide door-to-door delivery to every Canadian household.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Black or White--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Let's Talk About Sex--Salt-N-Pepa (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Black or White--Michael Jackson

Died on this date
George Stigler, 80
. U.S. economist. Dr. Stigler, a key figure in the Chicago School of Economics, was awarded the 1982 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for his seminal studies of industrial structures, functioning of markets and causes and effects of public regulation."

Europeana
Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approved a referendum for independence from the U.S.S.R.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): No Diggity--BLACKstreet (featuring Dr. Dre) (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Quit Playing Games (With My Heart)--Backstreet Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Quit Playing Games (With My Heart)--Backstreet Boys (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
Dalton McGuinty was elected leader of the Ontario Liberal Party, replacing Lyn McLeod, who had led the party since 1992.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Bruce Trigger, 69
. Canadian archaeologist and anthropologist. Dr. Trigger, a native of Preston, Ontario, spent most of his career at McGill University. He was best known for The Children of Aataentsic (1976), a two-volume study of the Huron peoples. Dr. Trigger died of cancer.

Claude Jade, 58. French actress. Miss Jade acted in plays, films, and television programs. Her movies included Topaz (1969); Bed and Board (1970); and Love on the Run (1979). Miss Jade died of cancer.

Thursday, 1 December 2016

November 30, 2016

1,000 years ago
1016


Died on this date
Edmund II, 23 (?)
. King of England, 1016. Edmund II, commonly referred to as Edmund Ironside, succeeded his father Æthelred the Unready on the throne on April 23, 1016. His forces were defeated by Danish forces commanded by Cnut in the Battle of Assandun on October 18, and the two leaders agreed to divide the country, with Edmund remaining as King of Wessex until his death, which may have been murder, or as the result of battle wounds or disease. King Cnut then became king of all England.

150 years ago
1866


Born on this date
Andrey Lyapchev
. Prime Minister of Bulgaria, 1926-1931. Mr. Lyapchev was a revolutionary in the 1880s, but didn't enter parliament until 1908. A member of the Democratic Alliance Party, he held various offices until leading a coalition government with the National Liberal Party. Mr. Lyapchev's party lost the 1931 general election, largely as a result of inability to ease the Depression. He died on November 6, 1933, 24 days before his 67th birthday.

100 years ago
1916


Law
Costa Rica signed the Buenos Aires Convention, a copyright treaty.

80 years ago
1936


Britannica
The Crystal Palace in London was destroyed by fire.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Bless 'em All (The Service Song)--George Formby (1st month at #1)

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight's episode: A Case of Identity

At the movies
Two-Faced Woman, directed by George Cukor and starring Greta Garbo and Melvyn Douglas, opened in theatres. The film had already been banned in Providence and Boston, and had been condemned by the Catholic Legion of Decency and New York Roman Catholic Archbishop Francis Spellman.

Football
NFL
Green Bay (10-1) 22 @ Washington (5-5) 17

Green Bay receiver Don Hutson broke three scoring records as the Packers beat the Redskins at Griffith Stadium.

AFL
The American Football League concluded its second season of play. There was no championship game, and the Columbus Bullies edged out the New York Americans for the title on the basis of heir regular season record. The standings were:

Columbus Bullies 5-1-2-.833
New York Americans 5-2-1-.714
Milwaukee Chiefs 4-3-1-.571
Buffalo Tigers 2-6-0-.250
Cincinnati Bengals 1-6-2-.167

Ties were not included when calculating winning percentages. The AFL suspended operations on September 2, 1942 for the duration of World War II, and the suspension eventually became permanent.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Symphony--Bing Crosby; Freddy Martin and his Orchestra (2nd month at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rumors are Flying--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Strange Death Of Mrs Abernetty

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Toronto 28 Winnipeg 6

Joe Krol passed for 3 touchdowns, caught a touchdown pass, set up another touchdown with an onside kick, and kicked 3 converts as the Argonauts beat the Blue Bombers in the Grey Cup for the second straight year. The Blue Bombers outplayed the Argonauts in the 1st quarter, but couldn't score, and Toronto opened the scoring in the 2nd quarter on a 26-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Krol to Royal Copeland. Less than a minute later, Mr. Krol intercepted a pass from Winnipeg quarterback Walt Dobler on the Blue Bomber 45-yard line, and Mr. Copeland then threw a touchdown pass to Mr. Krol. Mr. Krol later threw a touchdown pass to Rod Smylie, and the Argonauts led 16-0 at halftime. In the 3rd quarter, Mr. Krol punted from the Winnipeg 36, and Mr. Copeland, who was onside, outjumped Mr. Dobler and Don Hiney to catch the ball at the 1-yard line, from where Byron Karrys rushed for another Toronto TD, converted by Mr. Krol to make the score 22-0. In the 4th quarter, Mr. Krol completed a 55-yard pass to Leo Deadey from his own 17 to the Winnipeg 38, passed to Boris Tipoff for a touchdown on the next play, and converted to make the score 28-0. The Blue Bombers finally mounted a scoring drive in the last 3 minutes of the game. Mr. Dobler scored on a 1-yard quarterback sneak and Mr. Hiney converted. The Blue Bombers outrushed the Argonauts 148 yards to 182, but Toronto completed 8 of 14 passes for 214 yards and 4 touchdowns, while Winnipeg completed 7 of 24 passes for 133 yards.



60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Just Walking in the Rain--Johnnie Rae (3rd week at #1)

Boxing
Floyd Patterson (31-1) knocked out world light heavyweight champion Archie Moore (160-21-8) at 2:27 of the 5th round at Chicago Stadium to win the world heavyweight title, which had been vacant since the retirement of Rocky Marciano seven months earlier. Mr. Patterson, 21, was the youngest world heavyweight champion until Mike Tyson won at the age of 20 in 1986.



50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set):
1 Sorry--The Easybeats (2nd week at #1)
2 If I Were a Carpenter--Bobby Darin
3 Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band
4 Lady Godiva--Peter and Gordon
5 Spicks and Specks--The Bee Gees
6 Born a Woman--Sandy Posey
--Judy Stone
7 Last Train to Clarksville--The Monkees
8 See See Rider--Eric Burdon & the Animals
9 The Loved One--The Loved Ones
10 I'm a Boy--The Who

No singles entered the chart.

Caribbeana
Barbados became independent of Great Britain.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Daddy Cool--Boney M

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Cradle Will Fall

Abominations
The Anglican Church of Canada ordained its first women as priests, in four dioceses across Canada: Rev. Patricia Reed at St. Michael and All Angels, Prince George, British Columbia (Diocese of Cariboo); Rev. Elspeth Alley and Rev. Virginia Briant at Christ Church Cathedral, Vancouver, British Columbia (Diocese of New Westminster); Rev. Mary Mills at St. Paul’s Cathedral, London, Ontario (Diocese of Huron); and Rev. Mary Lucas and Rev. Beverley Shanley, at Grace Church, St. Catharines, Ontario (Diocese of Niagara).

30 years ago
1986


Politics and government
Former Prime Minister John Turner won a vote of confidence as delegates to the national Liberal Party of Canada convention in Ottawa voted 2,001-622 to reject a call for a leadership review. Mr. Turner had succeeded retiring Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in 1984, but the Liberals had lost the federal election to the Progressive Conservatives two months later.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ B.C. Place Stadium, Vancouver
Hamilton 39 Edmonton 15

The Tiger-Cats rolled up a 29-0 halftime lead and coasted to an easy win over the Eskimos before 59,621 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver to win the Grey Cup for the first time in 14 years. The Edmonton offensive line, which was missing veterans Bill Stevenson (out since the pre-season with a broken leg) and Hector Pothier (suspended late in the season for possession of illegal drugs), was no match for the Hamilton defensive line of Grover Covington, Mike Walker, Mitchell Price, and Rod Skillman. Hamilton quarterback Mike Kerrigan threw a 35-yard touchdown pass to Steve Stapler in the 1st quarter. Their second touchdown came when defensive back Jim Rockford, playing only his second game in the CFL, recovered a blocked Tom Dixon punt in the Edmonton end zone. Paul Osbaldiston converted both and added 5 field goals in the 1st half. A 44-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Kerrigan to Ron Ingram early in the 3rd quarter made the score 36-0 after Mr. Osbaldiston's convert. The Eskimos finally broke the shutout late in the 3rd quarter on a 6-yard rush by backup quarterback Damon Allen, who had relieved starter Matt Dunigan. Tom Dixon converted to make the score 36-7. The Eskimos scored again late in the game on a 13-yard pass from Mr. Allen to Brian Kelly. Mr. Allen rushed 5 yards for a 2-point convert to make the score 36-15, but a short kickoff was recovered by the Tiger-Cats, and Mr. Osbaldiston tied a Grey Cup record with his 6th field goal. It was the only Grey Cup the Tiger-Cats won under Harold Ballard, who owned the team from 1978 until his death in 1990. CBC and CTV split the television coverage of the game, with Pat Marsden of CTV calling the play-by-play for the first half. It turned out to be the last CFL game televised by CTV after 25 years of broadcasting, and Mr. Marsden's last game as a football play-by-play broadcaster.



25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Black or White--Michael Jackson

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Black or White--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Black or White--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Let's Talk About Sex--Salt-N-Pepa

#1 single in France (SNEP): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Kon ik maar even bij je zijn--Gordon

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Black or White--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Set Adrift on Memory Bliss--P.M. Dawn

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 When a Man Loves a Woman--Michael Bolton
2 That's What Love is For--Amy Grant
3 Cream--Prince and the New Power Generation
4 Blowing Kisses in the Wind--Paula Abdul
5 Set the Night to Music--Roberta Flack with Maxi Priest
6 It's So Hard to Say Goodbye to Yesterday--Boyz II Men
7 Set Adrift on Memory Bliss--P.M. Dawn
8 Can't Stop this Thing We Started--Bryan Adams
9 I Wonder Why--Curtis Stigers
10 Street of Dreams--Nia Peeples

Singles entering the chart were The Way I Feel About You by Karyn White (#72); Hearts Don't Think (They Feel)! by Natural Selection (#79); Every Road Leads Back to You by Bette Midler (#83); Smells Like Teen Spirit by Nirvana (#84); and Martika's Kitchen by Martika (#88).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Life is a Highway--Tom Cochrane
2 Can't Stop this Thing We Started--Bryan Adams
3 Cream--Prince and the New Power Generation
4 Get a Leg Up--John Mellencamp
5 What About Now--Robbie Robertson
6 No Son of Mine--Genesis
7 Broken Arrow--Rod Stewart
8 When a Man Loves a Woman--Michael Bolton
9 That's What Love is For--Amy Grant
10 Set the Night to Music--Roberta Flack with Maxi Priest

Singles entering the chart were Can't Let Go by Mariah Carey (#61); No Regrets by Tom Cochrane (#68); Little Lack of Love by World on Edge (#70); Double Good Everything by Smokey Robinson (#84); Hold On by Joey Ferrera (#86); Love Reaction by Harem Scarem (#96); Beauty and the Beast by Celine Dion and Peabo Bryson (#98); and Saltwater by Julian Lennon (#99). Beauty and the Beast was the title song from the movie.

Football
CIAU
Vanier Cup @ SkyDome, Toronto
Wilfrid Laurier 25 Mount Allison 18

Andy Cecchini rushed for 130 yards and 2 touchdowns and caught a 19-yard touchdown pass to lead the Golden Hawks to their first Vanier Cup championship. WLU led 24-4 late in the 3rd quarter until the Mounties struck for 2 converted touchdowns, one on a 27-yard rush by Grant Keaney late in the 3rd quarter, and the other on a 31-yard pass from Sean Hickey to Mark Huys with 8:35 remaining in regulation time. Mount Allison was stopped on a third down-and-five yards to go gamble at the WLU 45-yard line with less than 5 minutes remaining, and the Golden Hawks used up all but the last 50 seconds, and punted for a single. Mr. Keaney led the Mounties with 22 rushes for 124 yards. Mr. Hickey completed just 5 of 21 passes for 150 yards, but was chosen the outstanding offensive player by the media, for some strange reason. Rich Newbrough won the head coaching matchup over Marc Loranger. Attendance at SkyDome was 30,191.



20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Wannabe--Spice Girls (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): One & One--Robert Miles and Maria Nayler (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): It's All Coming Back to Me Now--Celine Dion (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Aïcha--Khaled (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Breathe--The Prodigy

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Breathe--The Prodigy (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): No Diggity--BLACKstreet (featuring Dr. Dre) (4th week at #1)

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Tiny Tim, 64
. U.S. musician. Tiny Tim, born Herbert Khaury, was a singer and ukulele player who had an encyclopedic knowledge of American popular music of the early 20th century. He performed under several names before achieving popularity as a novelty artist in 1968 with the single Tiptoe Thru the Tulips with Me, which he sang in an exaggerated falsetto. Tiny Tim's wedding to Vicki "Miss Vicki" Budinger on December 17, 1969 was televised on The Tonight Show. Tiny Tim died after having a heart attack while performing at The Woman's Club of Minneapolis.

Football
CIAU
Vanier Cup @ SkyDome, Toronto
Saskatchewan 31 St. Francis Xavier 12

The X-Men led 12-0 at halftime, but the Huskies came back with 7 points in the 3rd quarter and 24 in the 4th to win their first Vanier Cup championship. Saskatchewan quarterback Brent Schneider was named the winner of the Ted Morris Memorial Trophy as the game's Most Valuable Player.



10 years ago
2006


Abominations
Former Saskatchewan Energy and Mines Minister Colin Thatcher was granted full parole after 22 years in prison, where he had been sentenced to life without possibility of parole for 25 years for the January 1983 murder of his ex-wife JoAnn Wilson. There was no doubt about Mr. Wilson's guilt, but he was paroled because he whined for years that he was tired of being in jail.

Wednesday, 30 November 2016

November 29, 2016

200 years ago
1816


Born on this date
Morrison Waite
. 7th Chief Justice of the United States, 1874-1888. Mr. Waite was a member of the Whig Party and then the Republican Party because of his opposition to slavery. He was President U.S. Grant's seventh choice to fill the vacancy left by the death of Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase in 1873. Chief Justice Waite favoured a balance between state and federal government, and served until his death from pneumonia on March 23, 1888 at the age of 71. He was succeeded as Chief Justice by Melville Fuller.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Fran Ryan
. U.S. actress. Miss Ryan was a character actress who appeared in numerous movies and television programs. She died on January 15, 2000 at the age of 83.

Science
The National Research Council of Canada, originally the Honorary Advisory Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, was founded to advise the federal government on wartime research. It continued after World War I as the National Research Laboratories, to promote scientific planning and research and development.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Chattanooga Choo Choo--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra

Chattanooga Choo Choo was the B-side of the single on the Bluebird label. The A-side was I Know Why, with vocal refrain by Paula Kelly and the Four Modernaires.

Died on this date
Frank Waller, 57
. U.S. athlete and musician. Mr. Waller won silver medals in the men's 400-metre run and 400-metre hurdles events at the 1904 Summer Olympic Games in St. Louis. He later served as a pianist accompanying singer Lillian Russell; as a voice coach with various classical singers; and as director of several orchestras. Mr. Waller died of a heart ailment.

Elton Sills, 17. Canadian high school student. A resident of Corbyville, Ontario, Mr. Sills died on his 17th birthday, two weeks after being breaking his neck and being paralyzed from the shoulders down while playing football for Belleville Collegiate against Tweed High School.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Winnipeg 18 Ottawa 16

George Fraser of the Rough Riders set a Grey Cup record with 3 field goals, but with less than 4 minutes remaining in regulation time, he missed his fourth attempt, settling for a single, allowing the Blue Bombers to win the Grey Cup for the second time in three years. Ches McCance of the Blue Bombers opened the scoring with a 23-yard field goal, but the Rough Riders took the lead with one of the most unusual touchdowns in Grey Cup history. Ottawa's Tony Golab punted from his own 40-yard line and recovered the ball on the Winnipeg 45, and then spun away from a would-be tackler and ran for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Fraser, to give Ottawa a 6-3 lead. Winnipeg's Fritz Hanson fumbled a punt early in the 2nd quarter, and Mr. Fraser kicked a 16-yard field goal from a sharp angle to make the score 9-3. On a third-down gamble, Blue Bomber quarterback Wayne Sheley lateralled to Bud Marquardt, who ran 40 yards downfield before being tackled by Ottawa's Orville Burke. As he was being tackled, Mr. Marquardt lateralled to centre Mel Wilson, who ran the remaining 5 yards for the touchdown. Mr. McCance's convert made the score 9-9 at halftime. Mr. Burke, the Ottawa quarterback, was hit as he attempted to pass in the first minute of the 3rd quarter, and Mr. Marquardt intercepted the ball and ran 45 yards for another Winnipeg touchdown. Mr. McCance converted to give the Blue Bombers a 15-9 lead. Mr. Fraser tied the game with field goals of 26 and 20 yards before Mr. McCance replied with a 38-yard field goal to give Winnipeg an 18-15 lead after 3 quarters. The distance of 38 yards was a Grey Cup record that was tied by Bob Dean of the Edmonton Eskimos in 1954, but wasn't surpassed until 1973. An unsuccessful third-down gamble by the Blue Bombers gave the Rough Riders a chance to tie the game, but Mr. Fraser was wide from 20 yards out, and Winnipeg held on to win the Grey Cup for the second time in the previous three years, and the third time in seven years. 19,065 fans were in attendance at Varsity Stadium in the warmest Grey Cup weather to date.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Johannes Vares, 56
. Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, 1940-1944. Dr. Vares, a physician who wrote poetry under the pseudonym Johannes Barbarus, led a Communist puppet government after the Soviet conquest of Estonia in 1940. He fled to Russia after the German invasion and occupation of Estonia in 1941, but returned in 1944 after the U.S.S.R. reconquered the country. On April 20, 1944, the Electoral Committee of the Republic of Estonia held a clandestine meeting where they ruled Mr. Vares' appointment to be illegal; he also came under suspicion from the Soviet secret police force NKVD because of his activities in the Estonian war of independence, and committed suicide at Kadriorg Palace in the capital city of Tallinn.

Labour
The All Indonesia Centre of Labour Organizations (SOBSI) was founded in Jakarta.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Au revoir Rome--Lucienne Delyle (9th week at #1)

At the movies
The Teahouse of the August Moon, starring Marlon Brando and Glenn Ford, received its premiere screening in New York City.

War
Canadians joined the main body of the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) in Egypt, with Colombians and troops from four Scandinavian countries.

Oil
Panic-buying broke out at garages across the United Kingdom as the government of Prime Minister Anthony Eden gave details of its petrol rationing plans.

Business
The first Pioneer gas station opened on Upper James Street in Hamilton, Ontario.

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Right in the Middle of the Season, with guest stars Dean Jagger, Nancy Malone, and James Callahan

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Money, Money, Money--ABBA (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Abayo--Naoko Ken (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Europa (Earth's Cry Heaven's Smile)--Santana

Baseball
The New York Yankees signed the six-time All-Star outfielder Reggie Jackson to a five-year, $2.9 million contract. Mr. Jackson, nicknamed "Mr. October" for his World Series heroics, had played with the Baltimore Orioles in 1976 after nine seasons with the Kansas City and Oakland Athletics.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Notorious--Duran Duran (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Don't Leave Me This Way--The Communards (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Don't Leave Me This Way--The Communards (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Final Countdown--Europe

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Take My Breath Away--Berlin (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Give Love a Bad Name--Bon Jovi

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Human--Human League
2 Amanda--Boston
3 You Give Love a Bad Name--Bon Jovi
4 The Next Time I Fall--Peter Cetera with Amy Grant
5 True Blue--Madonna
6 The Way it Is--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
7 Word Up--Cameo
8 Hip to Be Square--Huey Lewis and the News
9 Everybody Have Fun Tonight--Wang Chung
10 Love Will Conquer All--Lionel Richie

Singles entering the chart were Big Time by Peter Gabriel (#77); I'm Not Perfect by Grace Jones (#85); It's Not You, It's Not Me by KBC Band (#86); That's Life by David Lee Roth (#87); Graceland by Paul Simon (#88); Love You Down by Ready for the World (#89); and The Best Man in the World by Ann Wilson (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Two of Hearts--Stacey Q
2 True Blue--Madonna
3 The Lady in Red--Chris de Burgh
4 The Next Time I Fall--Peter Cetera with Amy Grant
5 Human--Human League
6 Amanda--Boston
7 Spirit in the Sky--Doctor and the Medics
8 To Be a Lover--Billy Idol
9 True Colors--Cyndi Lauper
10 Rumors--Timex Social Club

Singles entering the chart were Can't Help Falling in Love by Corey Hart (#76); You're What I Look For by Glass Tiger (#91); Stranglehold by Paul McCartney (#92); Some People by Paul Young (#96); and Heartache Away by Don Johnson (#98).

Died on this date
Cary Grant, 82.
U.K.-born U.S. actor. Born Archibald Leach in England, Mr. Grant became one of the most popular actors in movie history, starring in such films as Gunga Din (1939); Suspicion (1941); Arsenic and Old Lace (1944); Notorious (1946); To Catch a Thief (1955); North by Northwest (1959); and Charade (1963). He retired from acting after Walk, Don't Run (1966) because he was too old to play romantic leads, but he remained a handsome man, and appeared on the cover of Gentleman's Quarterly in the summer of 1986. He began making a series of public appearances in various cities in the United States where he would chat with audiences and tell stories about his experiences. Davenport, Iowa was one of his stops, but he took ill there and died several hours before his scheduled public appearance.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Boku wa kono hitomi de usowotsuku--Chage and Aska

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Let's Talk About Sex--Salt-N-Pepa (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ralph Bellamy, 87
. U.S. actor. Mr. Bellamy had a career on stage, screen, and television spanning 70 years. He was probably best known for playing U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the play Sunrise at Campobello (1958), for which Mr. Bellamy won a Tony Award. He reprised the role in the film version (1960), and played Mr. Roosevelt again in the television mini-series The Winds of War (1983) and its sequel War and Remembrance (1988-1989).

Frank Yerby, 75. U.S. author. Mr. Yerby was known for novels such as The Foxes of Harrow (1946) and Dahomean (1971). He was of mixed racial origin and left the United States in 1955 in a protest against racial discrimination, living in Spain until his death

Environment
Canadian Environment Minister Jean Charest announced a $34.9-million program to protect Canadian wildlife and set up a national wildlife habitat network, plus $17.7 million for ecology research.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Quit Playing Games (With My Heart)--Backstreet Boys (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Breathe--The Prodigy (2nd week at #1)

Monday, 28 November 2016

November 28, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dede Hill and Chris Milner!

1,275 years ago
741


Died on this date
Gregory III
. Roman Catholic Pope, 731-741. Pope Gregory III, a Syrian, was the last non-European pope until Francis in 2013. Gregory III succeeded Gregory II, and was known for his opposition to iconoclasm. He was succeeded by Pope Zachary.

350 years ago
1666


War
At least 3,000 men of the Royal Scots Army led by Tam Dalyell of the Binns defeated about 900 Covenanter rebels in the Battle of Rullion Green in Scotland.

150 years ago
1866


Born on this date
Henry Bacon
. U.S. architect. Mr. Bacon was best known for his final project, the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. He died of cancer on February 16, 1924 at the age of 58.

110 years ago
1906


Boxing
Tommy Burns (34-2-7) retained his world heavyweight title with a 20-round draw against world light heavyweight champion Philadelphia Jack O'Brien (87-4-13) at Naud Junction Pavilion in Los Angeles. Mr. Burns reportedly bloodied Mr. O'Brien's nose early in the fight and then spent the rest of the fight running away from him. Former heavyweight champion Jim Jeffries was the referee.



100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Ramón José Velásquez
. President of Venezuela, 1993-1994. Mr. Velásquez was a historian before entering politics. He held several positions before assuming the presidency after the impeachment of Carlos Andrés Pérez. Mr. Velásquez died on June 24, 2014 at the age of 97.

90 years ago
1926


Football
AFL
Chicago (5-4-3) 0 @ New York (9-5) 7

80 years ago
1936


Football
IRFU
Finals
Ottawa 17 @ Toronto 5 (Ottawa won 2-game total points series 22-6)

Mr. McCauley and Andy Tommy scored touchdowns for the Rough Riders in the 4th quarter at Varsity Stadium as they won the Big Four title for the first time in 10 years. The teams combined for 235 yards in penalties.

75 years ago
1941


Boxing
Tony Zale (51-15-2) retained his National Boxing Association world middleweight title and added New York State Athletic Commission recognition as world middleweight champion with a 15-round unanimous decision over Georgie Abrams (43-5-2) at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. Zale was knocked down for a 9-count in the 1st round, but recovered to win.

60 years ago
1956


Canadiana
The government of Canada granted $1 million and free passage to Canada to refugees from the recent and unsuccessful Hungarian Revolution against Communist rule.

Baseball
Don Newcombe, coming off a 27-7 record for the pennant-winning Brooklyn Dodgers, was voted the winner of the first Cy Young Award as major league baseball's outstanding pitcher of 1956. He had recently been named the winner of the National League's Most Valuable Player award for 1956.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Black is Black--Los Bravos (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Mursheen Durkin--Johnny McEvoy (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Winchester Cathedral--The New Vaudeville Band
2 Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys
3 Lady Godiva--Peter and Gordon
4 I'm Your Puppet--James and Bobby Purify
5 Look Through My Window--The Mamas and the Papas
6 Hooray for Hazel--Tommy Roe
7 Poor Side of Town--Johnny Rivers
8 Walk Away Renee--The Left Banke
9 Spin, Spin--Gordon Lightfoot
10 Dandy--Herman's Hermits

Singles entering the chart were Money (That's What I Want) Part 1 by Jr. Walker and the All Stars (#81); Mustang Sally by Wilson Pickett (#82); Pandora's Golden Heebie Jeebies by the Association (#88); Talk Talk by Music Machine (#92); Living for You by Sonny and Cher (#94); Magic by Jeff Hewitson and the Fugitives (#96); I Fooled You This Time by Gene Chandler (#97); In a Dusty Room by Noel Harrison (#98); Since I Don't Have You by Lou Christie (#99); and The Proud One by Frankie Valli (#100).

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Five Orange Pips

World events
Prime Minister ColonelMichel Micombero overthrew the monarchy of Burundi and made himself the first President. King Ntare V, who had been placed on the throne when his father Mwambutsa IV had fled into exile a year earlier, was on a state visit to the Republic of Congo at the time of the coup.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Rosalind Russell, 69
. U.S. actress. Miss Russell had a distinguished career on stage and screen, and was perhaps best known for playing the title role in the play (1956) and movie (1958) Auntie Mame. She won the Tony Award for her starring performance in the musical Wonderful Town (1953).

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ Exhibition Stadium, Toronto
Ottawa 23 Saskatchewan 20

Tom Clements completed a 24-yard touchdown pass to Tony Gabriel with 20 seconds remaining in regulation time to give the Rough Riders their win over the Roughriders before 53,467 fans. The winning score came just 1 minute 12 seconds after the Saskatchewan defense had stopped the Ottawa offense on a third-down goal-line stand. Bill Hatanaka scored the first Ottawa touchdown on a Grey Cup-record 79-yard punt return in the 1st quarter as the Rough Riders took a 10-0 lead. The Roughriders then scored 20 straight points as Ron Lancaster completed touchdown passes to Steve Mazurak and Bob Richardson, with Bob Macoritti adding 2 converts and 2 field goals. Gerry Organ kicked his second and third field goals of the game--one of them set up by his own 52-yard run on a fake punt--to draw Ottawa to within 20-16.



25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Black or White--Michael Jackson

Europeana
South Ossetia declared independence from Georgia.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Where Do You Go--No Mercy (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Breathe--The Prodigy (2nd week at #1)