Sunday, 28 May 2017

May 28, 2017

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Sepp Dietrich
. German military officer. Waffen-SS Oberst-Gruppenführer Dietrich was Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's chauffeur and bodyguard, but advanced his position as a result of the Night of the Long Knives on June 30, 1934. He commanded the 6th Panzer Army during the Battle of the Bulge in late 1944-early 1945. Mr. Dietrich was imprisoned from 1945-1955 for war crimes and from 1957-1958 for his role in the Night of the Long Knives. He died on April 21, 1966 at the age of 75.

Minna Gombell. U.S. actress. Miss Gombell was a character actress who appeared in numerous plays and movies such as The Thin Man (1934); Block-Heads (1938); and The Best Years of Our Lives (1946). She died on April 14, 1973 at the age of 80.

Environment
John Muir founded the Sierra Club in San Francisco.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Papa John Creach
. U.S. musician. Mr. Creach was a blues violinist who played on recording sessions with the rock groups Jefferson Airplane and its successor, Jefferson Starship in the 1970s, while also being a member of the band Hot Tuna. He died on February 22, 1994 at the age of 76.

Barry Commoner. U.S. ecologist. Dr. Commoner was one of the founders of the modern environmental movement, arguing that capitalist technologies were responsible for environmental degradation, rather than overpopulation. His books included Science and Survival (1966) and The Closing Circle (1971). Dr. Commoner died on September 30, 2012 at the age of 95.

90 years ago
1927


Economics and finance
The Canadian House of Commons approved the Old Age Pension Plan for those over 70 years of age with a demonstrable need, who passed a means test. It was the federal government's first major venture into public welfare.

80 years ago
1937


Died on this date
Alfred Adler, 67
. Austro-Hungarian born psychiatrist. Dr. Adler began his medical career as an opthalmologist before changing to psychiatry. He studied with Sigmund Freud and was president of the Vienna Psychoalaytic Society in 1910, but split from Dr. Freud a year later. Dr. Adler founded the school of psychotherapy known as individual psychology; he emphasized the importance of overcoming feelings of inferiority, which likely came from his personal history as a child of below-average size. When Dr. Adler became successful, Dr. Freud offered the scholarly comment, "I made a pygmy great."

Business
The German automobile manufacturer Volkswagen was founded.

75 years ago
1942


War
Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho asked the Mexican Congress to declare war on Germany, Italy, and Japan. In retaliation for the assassination attempt on Reinhard Heydrich, Nazis in Czechoslovakia killed over 1,800 people. The German High Command announced that the "battle of encirclement south of Kharkov had resulted in an outstanding victory," with 165,000 prisoners counted. German forces in Libya split into two columns, attacking British troops at Bir Hacheim and El Gazala. Chinese forces abandoned the Chekiang provincial capital of Kinwha to the Japanese.

Diplomacy
Acting Argentine President Ramon Castillo indicated that Argentina would continue its policy of strict neutrality and not break with the Axis.

Labour
U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle overruled the Immigration Appeals Board and ordered the deportation of Australian native and California Congress of Industrial Organizations leader Harry Bridges on the grounds that he had been a member of the Communist Party since his arrival in the United States in 1920.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
August Eigruber, 40
. Austrian politician. SS-Obergruppenführer Eigruber was Nazi Gauleiter of Reichsgau Oberdonau (Upper Danube) and Landeshauptmann of Upper Austria in the mid-late 1930s,, and Reichstatthalter (Reich Governor) of Oberdonau from 1942-1945. He was convicted of crimes against humanity for atrocities that took place at Malthausen concentration camp, and was hanged at Landsberg Prison. 25 other Malthausen guards were also hanged, after 22 had been hanged the previous day.

Literature
Inside U.S.A. by John Gunther was published in New York by Harper.

Diplomacy
Fazi el-Kawukji, leader of the Palestinian Arab revolt in 1936-1939, threatened war against the Jews of Palestine if the United Nations Palestine Inquiry Commission made recmmendations unfavourable to the Arabs.

Americana
A bill granting U.S. citizenship to the inhabitants of Guam was endorsed by the Interior, State, War, and Navy secretaries, and submitted by the House of Representatives Public Lands Committee.

Politics and government
Two days after recapturing power in a coup, Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza assumed control of the country's armed forces.

Religion
The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church U.S.A. ended in Grand Rapids, Michigan after passing resolutions against women ministers, peacetime military conscription, and federal aid to education.

Labour
The week-old strike of Ford Motor Company supervisory workers demanding representation by the Foremen's Association of America spread to the company's plant in Buffalo, New York.

60 years ago
1957


War
Cuban Army troops clashed with guerrillas in the Sierra del Cristal area, killing 16 rebels, according to government reports. In other fighting, guerrilla leader Fidel Castro's forces killed 11 government soldiers.

Diplomacy
Following three days of talks in Washington, U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower and West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer issued a commuique endorsing a U.S.-U.S.S.R.-U.K.-France foreign ministers meeting on German reunification and a preliminary arms control agreement.

The Jordanian Army accused the Syrian Army had plotted with hired assassins and Communists to remove King Hussein from power.

Health
Sources in the Philippines reported 185 deaths in an influenza epidemic.

Baseball
National League club owners met in Chicago and voted unanimously to allow the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants to move to Los Angeles and San Francisco, respectively.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Amarsi un po'--Lucio Battisti (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Swiss Lady--Pepe Lienhard Band (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): You're My World--Guys 'n' Dolls (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): I Don't Want to Talk About It/The First Cut is the Deepest--Rod Stewart (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sir Duke--Stevie Wonder (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sir Duke--Stevie Wonder
2 I'm Your Boogie Man--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
3 When I Need You--Leo Sayer
4 Dreams--Fleetwood Mac
5 Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye
6 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
7 Couldn't Get it Right--Climax Blues Band
8 Lonely Boy--Andrew Gold
9 Angel in Your Arms--Hot
10 Lucille--Kenny Rogers

Singles entering the chart were I'm in You by Peter Frampton (#51); Easy by the Commodores (#81); Just a Song Before I Go by Crosby, Stills and Nash (#83); Barracuda by Heart (#85); Watch Closely Now by Kris Kristofferson (#91); It Feels So Good to Be Loved So Bad by the Manhattans (#92); Lady (Put the Light on Me) by Brownsville Station (#94); I Don't Love You Anymore by Teddy Pendergrass (#95); People in Love by 10 C.C. (#97); and Yu-Ma/Go Away Little Boy by Marlena Shaw (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 When I Need You--Leo Sayer (2nd week at #1)
2 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
3 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
4 I'm Your Boogie Man--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
5 Angel in Your Arms--Hot
6 Sir Duke--Stevie Wonder
7 Hotel California--Eagles
8 Lido Shuffle--Boz Scaggs
9 Couldn't Get it Right--Climax Blues Band
10 Dreams--Fleetwood Mac

Singles entering the chart were Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky") by Maynard Ferguson (#85); Can't Stop Myself from Loving You by Octavian (#91); Da Doo Ron Ron by Shaun Cassidy (#93); Slow Down by John Miles (#94); You're Moving Out Today by Bette Midler (#96); I'm Going Down by Rose Royce (#97); High on Love by Elliot Randall (#98); So High (Rock Me Baby and Roll Me Away) by Dave Mason (#99); and While I'm Alone by Maze (#100).

Disasters
A fast-spreading fire at the Beverly Hills Supper Club in Southgate, Kentucky killed 165 people and injured more than 200 others.

30 years ago
1987


On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Dangerous Assumptions: Spring 1953

This was the 26th and last episode of the series.

World events
Mathias Rust, a 19-year-old resident of Hamburg, West Germany, flew a single-engine Cessna from Helsinki across 400 miles of Soviet air space and landed in Moscow’s Red Square, just a few yards from the Kremlin Wall. Mr. Rust left his plane and visited with onlookers before being seized and imprisoned.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Edmonton 2 @ Philadelphia 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Brian Propp and J.J. Daigneualt scored 1 minute 24 seconds apart in the 3rd period to complete a comeback from a 2-0 deficit as the Flyers edged the Oilers at the Spectrum.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Why Me--Linda Martin

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at a record high of 3,398.43.

Sport
Dave Steen, bronze medal winner in the 1988 Summer Olympic Games, was named to the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Chicago 1 @ Pittsburgh 3 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 2-0)

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): MMMBop--Hanson

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
David Lane, 68
. U.S. white nationalist leader. Mr. Lane co-founded the white supremacist organization The Order, which was responsible for the 1984 murder of radio talk show host Alan Berg. Mr. Lane was the getaway driver, and was sentenced to 190 years in prison for his role in the crime; he died of an epileptic seizure in prison.

Marquise Hill, 24. U.S. football player. Mr. Hill was a defensive end with the Louisiana State University Tigers from 2001-2003, and was a member of the national championship team in 2003. He played with the New England Patriots from 2004-2006, and was a member of the team that won the 2005 Super Bowl. Mr. Hill and friend Ashley Blazio fell off a jet ski into Lake Ponchartrain, with neither wearing lifejackets; he kept her afloat and she was rescued, but he died.

Politics and government
Robert Ghiz, son of former Premier Joe Ghiz, led the Liberal Party to victory in the Prince Edward Island provincial election, ending 11 years of Progressive Conservative government. The Liberals captured 23 of 27 seats in the Legislative Assembly, with the PCs, led by Premier Pat Binns, taking the remaining 4 seats--the exact reversal of the parties' standing going into the election.

Saturday, 27 May 2017

May 27, 2017

1,275 years ago
742


Born on this date
Dezong
. Emperor of China, 779-805. Dezong, born Li Kuo, was an Emperor of the Tang Dynasty; he succeeded his father Daizong. Dezong faced a number of rebellions resulting from his attempts to destroy regional warlords. Dezong died on February 25, 805 at the age of 62, and was succeeded on the throne by his son Shunzong.

180 years ago
1837


Born on this date
"Wild Bill" Hickok
. U.S. lawman. A teamster, scout and spy for the Union in the U.S. Civil War, Mr. Hickok held a number of law enforcement positions in the west before being shot and killed in Deadwood, Colorado on August 2, 1876 at the age of 39.

150 years ago
1867


Died on this date
Thomas Bulfinch, 70
. U.S. mythologist. Mr. Bulfinch was known for Bulfinch's Mythology (1881), a collection of three earlier books.

125 years ago
1892


Disasters
31 people were killed when a cyclone destroyed two towns in Kansas.

110 years ago
1907


Health
Bubonic plague broke out in San Francisco.

100 years ago
1917


Religion
Pope Benedict XV promulgated the 1917 Code of Canon Law, the first comprehensive codification of Catholic canon law in the legal history of the Roman Catholic Church.

90 years ago
1927


Business
The Ford Motor Company ceased manufacturing the Ford Model T and began to retool plants to make the Ford Model A.

80 years ago
1937


Americana
The Golden Gate Bridge, connecting San Francisco and Marin County, California, was officially opened for "Pedestrian Day."

Baseball
Mel Ott's 7th home run of the season gave the New York Giants a 3-2 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 2,435 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. The winning pitcher was Carl Hubbell, and the win was his 24th straight in regular season play going back to the previous year.

Pinch hitter Roy Johnson's 2-run home run in the top of the 8th provided the winning margin for the Boston Bees as they edged the St. Louis Cardinals 8-7 before 2,284 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Don Padgett hit a 2-run homer with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to draw the Cardinals to within a run, but Leo Durocher was retired for the final out.

Bucky Walters pitched a 9-hit complete game and batted 3 for 4 with 2 runs and 3 runs batted in to lead the Philadelphia Phillies over the Chicago Cubs 11-2 at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Pete Fox singled home Birdie Tebbetts with 1 out in the top of the 13th inning to break a 4-4 tie as the Detroit Tigers edged the New York Yankees 5-4 before 10,000 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Hal Trosky tripled home 3 runs to climax a 5-run 5th inning as the Cleveland Indians held on to beat the Philadelphia Athletics 8-7 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

Monte Weaver pitched a 6-hit complete game and didn't allow an earned run to win the pitchers' duel over Monty Stratton as the Washington Nationals edged the Chicago White Sox 2-1 at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Milt Gray made his major league debut behind the plate for the Nationals, batting 0 for 3 and making 2 putouts.

75 years ago
1942


War
More than 13,600 women volunteered for the U.S. Women's Army Corps on the first day of recruiting.

World events
Reinhard Heydrich, the Nazi bureaucrat whose titles were Deputy Protector of Bohemia and Moravia, Director of the Reich Main Security Office, and President of Interpol, was seriously injured when Jan Kubis, one of the leaders of a British-trained team of Czech and Slovak soldiers carrying out an assassination attempt code-named Operation Anthropoid, threw a bomb into Mr. Heydrich’s car as it was crossing a bridge in Prague. Josef Gabcik, another of the leaders of the plot, had attempted to shoot Mr. Heydrich, but his machine gun had jammed, and Mr. Kubis had thrown his bomb after Mr. Heydrich had decided to take on the attackers after ordering his driver to stop.

Law
The first Inter-American Conference on Coordination of Police and Judicial Measures opened in Buenos Aires, with only Honduras, Guatemala, and Costa Rica not reperesented.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Ed Konetchy, 61
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Konetchy was a first baseman with the St. Louis Cardinals (1907-1913); Pittsburgh Pirates (1914); Pittsburgh Rebels 91915); Boston Braves (1916-1918); Brooklyn Robins (1919-1921); and Philadelphia Phillies (1921), batting .281 with 74 home runs and 992 runs batted in in 2,085 games. He was known for his consistency, speed, and defensive skill.

Politics and government
Nicaraguan Chamber of Deputies President Banjamin Lacayo Sacasa, a supporter of dictator Anastasio Somoza, was named provisional President of Nicaragua, the day after Mr. Somoza had led a bloodless coup that deposed President Leonardo Arguello.

Harvard University recognized American Youth for Democracy as a campus student organization despite congressional condemnation of the group as Communist-oriented.

World events
The Chinese government in Nanking reported an incipient famine in the southern provinces of Kwangsi and Hunan, despite stockpiles of United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration food in Chinese warehouses.

Hockey
NHL
Maurice "Rocket" Richard was named the winner of the Hart Memorial Trophy as the Most Valuable Player inthe National Hockey League for the 1946-47 season.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--8th week at #1; Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Jukebox--6th week at #1; Top 100--7th week at #1)

Radio
Toronto's CHUM-AM (1050 kHz) became Canada's first radio station to broadcast only top 40 rock and roll music.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. and Hungary disclosed a new agreement under which Soviet troops stationed in Hungary would be subject to Hungarian laws and courts.

Politics and government
Danish Prime Minister Hans Hansen announced the formation of a new cabinet, including nine Social Democrats, four Radical Liberals, and three Single Tax Party members.

Egyptian President Gamal Nasser took over the leadership of the newly-formed National Union, Egypt's only political party.

U.S. Senator Theodore Green (Democrat--Rhode Island) reached the age of 89 years, 7 months, 26 days, becoming the oldest person yet to serve in Congress.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): This is My Song--Petula Clark

#1 single in France: A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): 29 settembre--Equipe 84 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ha! Ha! Said the Clown--Manfred Mann (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Groovin'--The Young Rascals (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Groovin'--The Young Rascals (2nd week at #1)
2 I Got Rhythm--The Happenings
3 Respect--Aretha Franklin
4 The Happening--The Supremes
5 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
6 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
7 Don't You Care--The Buckinghams
8 Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas
9 Girl, You'll Be a Woman Soon--Neil Diamond
10 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane

Singles entering the chart were New York Mining Disaster 1941 by the Bee Gees (#73); Windy by the Association (#75); Love Song by the Artistics (#80); Mary in the Morning by Al Martino (#82); Come to the Sunshine by Harpers Bizarre (#83); Make Me Yours by Bettye Swan (#86); San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair) by Scott McKenzie (#89); Baby Please Come Back Home by J.J. Barnes (#91); Night and Day by Sergio Mendes and Brasil '66 (#93); For Your Precious Love by Oscar Toney, Jr. (#96); Leopard-Skin Pill-Box Hat by Bob Dylan (#97); To Be a Lover by Gene Chandler (#98); Light My Fire by the Doors (#99); Only Love Can Break a Heart by Margaret Whiting (#100); and The Flower Children by Marcia Strassman (also #100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Got Rhythm--The Happenings
2 The Happening--The Supremes
3 Happy Jack--The Who
4 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
5 Close Your Eyes--Peaches and Herb
6 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
7 Don't You Care--The Buckinghams
8 I'm a Man--The Spencer Davis Group
9 Girl, You'll Be a Woman Soon--Neil Diamond
10 When I was Young--Eric Burdon & the Animals

Singles entering the chart were She'd Rather Be with Me by the Turtles (#66); Together by the Intruders (#71); Leopard-Skin Pill-Box Hat by Bob Dylan (#77); Shake by Otis Redding (#82); Give and Take by the Mandala (#85); Silly Jilly by the Art Snider Ensemble (#86); Pretty Blue Eyes by the Guess Who? (#87); Can't Take My Eyes Off You by Frankie Valli (#92); 7 Rooms of Gloom by the Four Tops (#93); Sunday Will Never Be the Same by Spanky and Our Gang (#94); Eight Men, Four Women by O.V. Bright (#95); Come to the Sunshine by Harpers Bizarre (#97); Here We Go Again by Ray Charles (#99); and Funky Broadway by Dyke and the Blazers (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes (2nd week at #1)
2 I Could Be So Good to You--Don and the Goodtimes
3 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
4 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
5 Six O'Clock--The Lovin' Spoonful
6 The Happening--The Supremes
7 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
8 Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas
9 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
10 There is Love--Jim "Harpo" Valley

Singles entering the chart were Windy by the Association (#23); Don't Sleep in the Subway by Petula Clark (#32); I've Lost You by Jackie Wilson (#36); Pay You Back with Interest by the Hollies (#43); That's Someone You'll Never Forget by Elvis Presley with the Jordanaires (#44, charting with its A-Side, Long Legged Girl (With the Short Dress On)); Sunday Will Never Be the Same by Spanky and Our Gang (#45); San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair) by Scott McKenzie (#46); Come to the Sunshine by Harpers Bizarre (#47); Do it Again a Little Bit Slower by Jon & Robin and the In Crowd (#48); and The Oogum Boogum Song by Brenton Wood (#50).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Groovin'--The Young Rascals (2nd week at #1)
2 Round Round--Jonathan King
3 Six O'Clock--The Lovin' Spoonful
4 Respect--Aretha Franklin
5 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
6 Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas
7 Live--The Merry-Go-Round
8 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
9 Windy--The Association
10 100 or Two--Springfield Rifles

Singles entering the chart were Pay You Back with Interest by the Hollies (#22); San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair) by Scott McKenzie (#24); No Good to Cry by the Wildweeds (#28); The Tracks of My Tears by Johnny Rivers (#29); and New York Mining Disaster 1941 by the Bee Gees (#30).

Politics and government
Australians voted in favour of a constitutional referendum granting the Australian government the power to make laws to benefit Indigenous Australians and to count them in the national census.

Defense
The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy was launched by Jacqueline Kennedy and her daughter Caroline.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Ain't that Just the Way--Barbi Benton (4th week at #1)

Disasters
A Soviet Aeroflot jetliner crashed on its landing approach to Havana Airport, killing 56 passenges and 10 crew members.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the Voice--John Farnham (8th week at #1)

On television tonight
Nightline, hosted by Ted Koppel, on ABC

Disgraced televangelists Jim and Tammy Faye Bakker were the guests, and Nightline achieved the highest ratings in its history. I was able to see the program on the set in my London, Ontario basement suite despite not having a cable connection, and it was broadcast only on a cable station.



Died on this date
John Howard Northrop, 95
. U.S. biochemist. Dr. Northrop shared the 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with James Sumner and Wendell Stanley "for their preparation of enzymes and virus proteins in a pure form."

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's My Life--Dr. Alban

Politics and government
Leneen Forde, a native of Ottawa, Ontario, was appointed Governor of Queensland, becoming the first woman governor of an Australian state.

Economics and finance
Canada agreed to join fellow G7 members in a $6-billion fund to stabilize the shaky Russian ruble.

Environment
Environment Canada announced plans to issue a daily ultraviolet radiation index to remind Canadians about the dangers of overexposure to the sun.

20 years ago
1997


Politics and government
Six days before the Canadian federal election, the Reform Party of Canada held a major rally at the University Pavilion in Edmonton, with party leader Preston Manning as the keynote speaker.

Scandal
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Paula Jones could pursue her sexual harassment lawsuit against President Bill Clinton while he was in office.

Disasters
The 1997 Central Texas tornado outbreak occurred, spawning multiple tornadoes in Central Texas, including the F5 that killed 27 in Jarrell.

Auto racing
Arie Luyendyk won the Indianapolis 500 for the second time, in a race that was resumed on lap 16 after being suspended the previous day. With one lap remaining and the race being run under a caution flag, the green and white flags suddenly came out, and Mr. Luyendyk sped up and pulled away from runner-up Scott Goodyear and the rest of the field.



10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Ed Yost, 87
. U.S. inventor. Mr. Yost invented the modern hot air balloon, making the first successful free flight in 1960.

Auto racing
Dario Franchitti won the Indianapolis 500, which was interrupted twice by rain and finally called after 166 laps. It was the first of Mr. Franchitti's three Indianapolis 500 wins.

Friday, 26 May 2017

May 26, 2017

380 years ago
1637


Abominations
A combined English and Mohegan force under John Mason attacked a village in Connecticut, massacring 400-700 Pequots, including old people, women, and children.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Mary of Teck
. Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, 1910-1936. Queen Mary was the wife of King George V; they were married from 1893 until his death on January 20, 1936. She died on March 31, 1953 at the age of 85.

120 years ago
1897


Literature
The novel Dracula by Bram Stoker was published in London by Archibald Constable and Company.

100 years ago
1917


Disasters
Several powerful tornadoes ripped through Illinois, including the city of Mattoon, killing 101 people and injuring 689.

75 years ago
1942


War
German and Italian forces commanded by Generaloberst Erwin Rommel defeated Allied forces in the Battle of Gazala in Libya. Chinese forces claimed to have killed 3,000 Japanese soldiers in their attack on Kinwha, Chekiang Province, claiming that three of the five Japanese drives on the provincial capital had been stemmed.

Defense
British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov signed a 20-year U.K.-U.S.S.R. mutual assistance pact reaffirming the principles of the Atlantic Charter and replacing the agreement signed on July 12, 1941.

Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull presented U.S.S.R. Ambassador to the United States Maxim Litvinov with terms for a new Lend-Lease agreement, which would require the Soviet Union to liberalize postwar economic relations.

The British Labour Party convention in London adopted Harold Laski's resolution demanding "socialization of the basic industries and services of the country and the planning of production for community consumption."

Labour
The U.S. Fair Employment Practices Commission ordered eight New York and New Jersey comapnies holding war contracts to cease discrimination against Negroes, Jews, and aliens.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mam'selle--Art Lund (3rd week at #1)
--Dick Haymes
--Dennis Day
--Pied Pipers
--Frank Sinatra
2 Linda--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
3 Heartaches--Ted Weems and his Orchestra
--Harry James and his Orchestra
4 My Adobe Hacienda--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
5 Anniversary Song--Al Jolson
--Dinah Shore
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Andy Russell
6 Across the Alley from the Alamo--The Mills Brothers
7 Managua, Nicaragua--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
8 Guilty--Margaret Whiting
--Johnny Desmond
9 That's My Desire--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Frankie Laine and Mannie Klein's All-Stars
10 I Believe--Frank Sinatra

Singles entering the chart were After Graduation Day by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (#19) and Ivy, with versions by Jo Stafford; and Woody Herman with the Four Chips (#22).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Submerged Baronet

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight`s episode: The Crown of Drasalines

This was the last episode of the season.

Died on this date
Nellie Neilson, 74
. U.S. historian. Dr. Neilson was the first female president of the American Historical Association. She specialized in the development of rural medieval England.

World events
Units of the Nicaraguan National Guard under former President Anastasio Somoza took over the government and ousted President Leonardo Arguello in a bloodless coup.

Defense
U.S. President Harry Truman presented the United States Congress with a plan to standardize the armed forces of all Western Hemisphere nations, including Canada, with American training and equipment.

U.S. War Secretary Robert Patterson and General Dwight Eisenhower announced plans to organize 2,500 specialized reserve units to provide medical and scientific skills in a national emergency.

Politics and government
The British Labour Party opened its annual convention in London with resolutions supporting government conscription and colonialism policies.

Labour
U.S. National Federation of Telephone Workers President Joseph Beirne rejected an invitation to affiliate with the Congress of Industrial Organizations.

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The West Warlock Time Capsule , starring Henry Jones and Mildred Dunnock

Politics and government
Labour leader Pierre Eustache Daniel Fignole was inaugurated as provisional President of Haiti, the third in the previous five months.

Abdel Majid Kubar assumed the office of Prime Minister of Libya, following the resignation of Mustafa ben Halim for health reasons.

Diplomacy
The Hungarian government ordered 13 members of the U.S. legation staff in Budapest to leave the country within six weeks, in retaliation for the legation's six-month boycott of official contact with Hungarian authorities.

Protest
Nationalist Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek apologized for the May 24 anti-American riots in Taipei, and ousted the local garrison commander and military police commander for failing to curb the demonstrations.

Society
A United Nations Demographic Yearbook published on this date estimated world population at 2.691 billion and predicted a growth to 2.778 billion within the next year.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Spicks and Specks--The Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
2 On a Carousel--The Hollies
3 For What it's Worth--Buffalo Springfield
4 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
5 I was Kaiser Bill's Batman--Whistling Jack Smith
6 Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas
7 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
8 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
9 Don't Blame the Children--Sammy Davis, Jr.
10 Hip Hug-Her--Booker T. and the M.G.'s
Pick hit of the week: Mirage--Tommy James and the Shondells
New this week: Walkin' Mary Home--The Nomads
Can't Take My Eyes Off You--Frankie Valli
Long Legged Girl (With the Short Dress On)--Elvis Presley with the Jordanaires
Volare--The Lettermen
Coney Island Parade--Dennis Gaines

On the radio
Sherlock Holmes, starring Robert Langford and Kenneth Baker, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: The Illustrious Client

Music
The album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by the Beatles was released in the United Kingdom on Parlophone Records, six days ahead of schedule.

40 years ago
1977


Adventure
George Willig, "the human fly," scaled the World Trade Center in New York City by attaching himself to the window washer mechanism and walking straight up until falling into police custody when he reached the top. It took Mr. Willig three and a half hours to make the climb, and he was fined $1.10—a penny per floor.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Finals
Winnipeg 2 @ Quebec 8 (Quebec won best-of-seven series 4-3)

The Nordiques scored 6 goals in the 2nd period as they routed the defending champion Jets at Le Colisee to win their only Avco World Trophy Championship.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Portland 89 @ Philadelphia 107 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Doug Collins scored 27 points and Julius Erving added 20 as the 76ers beat the Trail Blazers at the Spectrum. Bill Walton led Portland with 17 points and 16 rebounds.

30 years ago
1987


Diplomacy
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, addressing 5,000 Communist Party officials in Bucharest, drew no applause when he referred to complaints from Hungary about mistreatment of ethnic Hungarians in Romania, or when he criticized nepotism without mentioning the Romanian regime of President Nicolae Ceaucescu, which practiced it. His explanation of his reform program also drew no applause.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Philadelphia 4 @ Edmonton 3 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Rick Tocchet scored in the 3rd period to give the Flyers a comeback win over the Oilers at Northlands Coliseum. The Oilers led 2-0 in the 1st period and 3-1 in the 2nd.

25 years ago
1992


Died on this date
Danny Biasone, 83
. U.S. basketball executive. Mr. Biasone, owner of a bowling alley, was the owner of the Syracuse Nationals of the National Basketball Association in the 1950s. Alarmed at the prospect of dwindling attendance because of teams’ tendency to “freeze” the ball to protect a lead, Mr. Biasone persuaded the other franchise owners in the NBA to adopt a time limit for the team in possession of the ball to take a shot; the 24-second clock took effect in 1955.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Chicago 4 @ Pittsburgh 5 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Penguins came back from a 4-1 deficit to defeat the Blackhawks at Pittsburgh Civic Arena.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Elegantly Wasted--INXS (2nd week at #1)
2 Staring at the Sun--U2
3 I Want You--Savage Garden
4 Your Woman--White Town
5 MMMBop--Hanson
6 Say You'll Be There--Spice Girls
7 Lie to Me--Jonny Lang
8 Clumsy--Our Lady Peace
9 One Headlight--The Wallflowers
10 You were Meant for Me--Jewel

Singles entering the chart were All for You by Sister Hazel (#91); Midnight in Chelsea by Jon Bon Jovi (#92); I Wanna Be There by Blessid Union of Souls (#93); Open Your Eyes by Ivan (#95); Peace by Joe Brooks (#96); and I Don't Mind by the Age of Electric (#99).

Died on this date
Ralph Horween, 100
. U.S. football player. Mr. Horween, born Ralph Horwitz, was a fullback and punter with the Harvard Crimson in 1916, 1919, and 1920, making the All-American team his first two years and playing on the team that won the 1920 Rose Bowl. Under the name Ralph McMahon, Mr. Horween played in the National Football League with the Racine and Chicago Cardinals from 1921-1923, serving as an assistant coach in 1923. He had a successful career as a lawyer and businessman; he and his brother Arnold, who also played football, ran the family business, the Horween Leather Company, which made the NFL's footballs for many years. Ralph Horween was the first NFL player to reach the age of 100, and he and Arnold were the only Jewish brothers to play in the NFL until Geoff and Mitchell Schwartz in the 2000s.

Auto racing
The Indianapolis 500, postponed from the previous day because of rain, was suspended because of rain after 15 laps, with Tony Stewart leading; the race was completed the following day.



10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Howard Porter, 58
. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Porter was a forward and center with Villanova University from 1968-1971, leading the Wildcats to the NCAA championship game in 1971, which they lost 68-62 to the University of California at Los Angeles. Mr. Porter was named the tournament's most valuable player, but the awarded was vacated when it was revealed that he had signed a contract with the Pittsburgh Condors of the American Basketball Association during his senior year. Instead of joining the Condors, Mr. Porter joined the Chicago Bulls of the National Basketball Association, playing with them from 1971-74, and then with the New York Knickerbockers (1974); Detroit Pistons (1974-77); and New Jersey Nets (1977-78). He scored 4,215 points (9.2 per game), with 1,872 rebounds and 212 blocks in 457 regular season games, and 335 points (9.3 per game) in 36 playoff games. Mr. Porter died in Minneapolis a week after being severely beaten.

Thursday, 25 May 2017

May 25, 2017

1,025 years ago
992


Died on this date
Mieszko I, 62 (?)
. Duke of Poland, 960-992. Mieszko I, the son of Siemomysł, was the first Christian ruler of Poland, and is regarded as the founder of the Polish state. He died of natural causes and was succeeded by his son Boleslaw I.

230 years ago
1787


Politics and government
Under the leadership of George Washington, the Constitutional Convention opened in Philadelphia for the purpose of creating a new form of government for the United States.

160 years ago
1857


Economics and finance
The Flying Eagle cent was released into circulation by the United States Mint.

130 years ago
1887


Disasters
200 people were killed when the Opera Comique in Paris burned.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Steve Cochran
. U.S. actor. Mr. Cochran was known for playing tough guys in movies such as The Chase (1946) and White Heat (1949), and in numerous television programs. He died on June 15, 1965 at the age of 48 aboard his yacht off the coast of Guatemala, reportedly from an acute lung infection; conspiracy theories abound.

Theodore Hesburgh. U.S. priest, theologian, and academic. Reverend Father Hesburgh became a Roman Catholic priest in the 1940s, and was best known as the President of the University of Notre Dame from 1952-1987. He was active in social causes, and received 16 appointments from U.S. presidents to various bodies. Rev. Fr. Hesburgh died on February 26, 2015 at the age of 97.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden invited Opposition Leader Wilfrid Laurier to unite in a coalition wartime government, composed equally of Conservatives and Liberals. Mr. Laurier suggested that a referendum on conscription, or a general election, should be held first.

90 years ago
1927


Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King cut trade ties with the U.S.S.R..

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Emanuel Feuermann, 39
. Austro-Hungarian born musician. Mr. Feuermann, a native of what is now Ukraine, was one of the most famous cellists of the first half of the 20th century. He was a professor at the Berlin Conservatory when the Nazis came to power in Germany, and he was dismissed and forced to flee Germany because he was Jewish. Mr. Feuermann was in Vienna when the Nazis marched into Austria in 1938, and he eventually made his way to the United States. Mr. Feuermann died of complications during surgery for hemorrhoids.

War
The German government announced that three large Russian armies, including tank forces, had failed to break the German encirclement near Kharkov. 23 people allegedly connected with the Australia First movement were arrested on charges of treason and conspiracy to aid the Japanese invasion of the continent.

70 years ago
1947


War
Vietnamese nationalists rejected a truce offer from French High Commissioner Emile Bollaert as "tantamount to surrender."

Protest
Clashes in Buenos Aires between Communists and supporters of Argentine President Juan Peron resulted in eight casualties.

Agriculture

Finland announced an experimental collective farm program along the lines of those used in the U.S.S.R.

Labour
Coal miners in Nova Scotia ended a three-month strike after accepting a $1 daily wage increase from Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Marianne--Terry Gilkyson and the Easy Riders

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Cindy, Oh Cindy--Margot Eskens (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Butterfly--Andy Williams (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (7th week at #1)
2 Little Darlin'--The Diamonds
3 School Day--Chuck Berry
4 Love Letters in the Sand--Pat Boone
5 A White Sport Coat (And a Pink Carnation)--Marty Robbins
6 Come Go with Me--The Dell-Vikings
7 So Rare-Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
8 Round and Round--Perry Como
9 Dark Moon--Bonnie Guitar
--Gale Storm
10 Gone--Ferlin Husky

Singles entering the chart were Cocoanut Woman by Harry Belafonte (#38); Gonna Find Me a Bluebird by Marvin Rainwater (#43); Bye Bye Love by the Everly Brothers (#47); A Teenager's Romance by Ricky Nelson (#48); With All My Heart by Jodie Sands (#49); (Main Theme) Around the World by Victor Young and his Orchestra (#52); Old Cape Cod by Patti Page (#53); Searchin' by the Coasters (#58); and I Like Your Kind of Love by Andy Williams (#60). A Teenager's Romance was the other side of I'm Walkin', charting at #12 with the version by Fats Domino. (Main Theme) Around the World was from the movie Around the World in 80 Days (1956); the vocal version by Bing Crosby was the B-side.

Defense
A Syrian Army force stationed in the Erbid-Aljum area of Jordan was withdrawn at Jordan's request.

Protest
Nationalist Chinese troops restored order in Taipei as the city was placed under martial law following the previous day's anti-American rioting.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Boston Burglar--Johnny McEvoy (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes (2nd week at #1)

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the fifth Moliniya I communications satellite.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson visited Canada, conferring with Prime Minister Lester Pearson and visiting Expo 67 in Montreal, where he unveiled the United States' Centennial gift to Canada, a crystal and steel sculpture called The Great Ring of Canada..

Soccer
European Cup
Final @ Portuguese National Stadium, Lisbon
Celtic 2 Internazionale Milan 1

Celtic, from Glasgow, Scotland, became the first non-Latin team to win the cup, handing Internatiozale Milan only their second defeat in European competition in the past three years. 70,000 fans were in attendance.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Don't Want to Talk About It/The First Cut is the Deepest--Rod Stewart

At the movies
Star Wars opened in limited release in theatres.

Literature
The Chinese government removed a decade-old ban on William Shakespeare's work, effectively ending the Cultural Revolution, which had begun in 1966.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies released first baseman-outfielder Bobby Tolan. Mr. Tolan was in his 13th season in the major leagues and his second with the Phillies, and was batting .125 (2 for 16) in 15 games in 1977, with no home runs and 1 run batted in.

The Oakland Athletics scored 2 unearned runs with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning and held on to edge the Toronto Blue Jays 6-5 before 36,097 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto in a game televised in Canada on CBC. With 2 out and nobody on base, Rodney Scott singled and was picked off first base and caught stealing at second in a rundown, but Toronto first baseman Ron Fairly was called for obstruction, making Mr. Scott safe at second. Manny Sanguillen then doubled home Mr. Scott and scored on a single by Mitchell Page. Toronto starting pitcher Jerry Garvin allowed 9 hits and 6 runs--3 earned--in 9 2/3 innings in taking the loss.

Rod Carew had 5 hits in the first game and 2 in the second to help the Minnesota Twins sweep a doubleheader from the Boston Red Sox 13-5 and 9-4 before 24, 686 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mike Paxton made his major league debut as Boston's starting pitcher in the second game, allowing 7 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 2 1/3 innings to take the loss.

Frank Tanana pitched 3-hitter and struck out 11 batters to improve his record for the season to 8-1, and Bobby Grich and Bobby Bonds hit home runs as the California Angels blanked the Detroit Tigers 4-0 before 13,150 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Jim Norris led off the bottom of the 12th inning with a single, stole second base, and scored on a 1-out single by Bruce Bochte to give the Cleveland Indians a 2-1 win over the Seattle Mariners before 4,016 fans at Cleveland Stadium. Dennis Eckersley pitched a complete game victory, allowing just 5 hits and walking just 1 batter.

The San Francisco Giants scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and held on to edge the Cincinnati Reds 6-5 before 7,041 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Tom Hume made his major league debut as Cincinnati's starting pitcher, allowing 4 hits and 5 earned runs in 1/3 inning to take the loss. George Foster hit 2 home runs for the Reds.

Art Howe hit a pair of solo home runs and Enos Cabell added a 2-run homer to help the Houston Astros edge the Los Angeles Dodgers 7-6 before 27,743 fans at Dodger Stadium. Reggie Smith homered for the Dodgers.

Dave Winfield hit a home run and Mike Ivie singled and scored on a single by pinch hitter Jerry Turner as the San Diego Padres scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 12th inning to defeat the Atlanta Braves 6-5 before 14,288 fans at San Diego Stadium. Junior Moore had led off the top of the 12th with a home run to give Atlanta a 5-4 lead.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Slice of Heaven--Dave Dobbyn with Herbs (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Peter Coe, 59
. U.K. theatre director. Mr. Coe once had three plays running at once in London's West End, and also achieved success on Broadway. He was the artistic director of the Citadel Theatre in Edmonton from 1978-1980. Mr. Coe was killed in an automobile accident in England.

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. leader Mikhail Gorbachev arrived in Bucharest to begin a three-day visit to Romania. Romanian President Nicolae Ceaucescu, a critic of Mr. Gorbachev’s policies, met the Soviet leader and his wife at the airport, and they drove past crowds that were far more restrained than those that had greeted Mr. Gorbachev in Czechoslovakia in April.

Horse Racing
Herve Filion drove Commander Bond to victory in the third race at Yonkers Raceway in Yonkers, New York, becoming the first harness racing driver to win 10,000 races.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): You Won't See Me Cry--Wilson Phillips

Died on this date
Sidney Thomson Fisher, 83
. Canadian engineer. Mr. Fisher developed NATO’s tactical communications system and held 65 other patents on electronic devices.

Philip Habib, 72. U.S. diplomat. Mr. Habib was the chief mediator for the United States between Israel and Egypt in the Camp David Accords in 1978-1979.

Marshall Thompson, 66. U.S. actor. Mr. Thompson was best known as the star of the television series Daktari (1966-1969).

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Truly Madly Deeply--Savage Garden (8th week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Blood on the Dance Floor--Michael Jackson

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Blond--Rainhard Fendrich (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I Believe I Can Fly--R. Kelly (5th week at #1)

World events
A military coup in Sierra Leone replaced President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah with Major Johnny Paul Koromah.

Abominations
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the Charter of Rights and Freedoms protects the rights of homosexuals against discrimination, despite sexual orientation not being specifically mentioned in the Charter.

Politics and government
Prime Minister Jean Chrétien affirmed that Canada would not recognize any Quebec referendum result of 50.1% in favour of Quebec independence.

Auto racing
The Indianapolis 500 was postponed until the next day because of rain.



10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Charles Nelson Reilly, 76
. U.S. comedian and actor. Mr. Reilly appeared in various plays and movies, but was best known as a panelist on television game shows, especially Match Game (1973-1982, 1990-1991). He died of pneumonia.

Wednesday, 24 May 2017

May 24, 2017

410 years ago
1607


Americana
100 English settlers disembarked in Jamestown in what is now Virginia, the first English colony in America.

350 years ago
1667


War
The French Royal Army crossed the border into the Spanish Netherlands, beginning the War of Devolution, pitting France against the Spanish Empire and the Triple Alliance of the Dutch Republic, England, and Sweden.

225 years ago
1792


Died on this date
George Brydges Rodney, 74
. U.K. military officer and politician. Baron Rodney was a naval commander during the Seven Years War and American War of Independence, and was Governor of Newfoundland from 1749-1751.

120 years ago
1897


Politics and government
Liberal Party leader Félix-Gabriel Marchand was sworn in as Premier of Québec, replacing Edmund Flynn.

110 years ago
1907


Canadiana
A Boer War Memorial was unveiled in Montreal: an equestrian statue, unmounted, with the names of the battles on the base.

75 years ago
1942


War
Germans encircled a large Russian force south of Kharkov. Japanese troops continued to advance in several columns in Chekiang Province, driving close to the provincial capital of Kinwha.

Protest
Resolutions demanding a second front against Germany were adopted at two mass meetings in London--one sponsored by the Communist Party, and the other by Lord Beaverbrook's Daily Express.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Fred Bradley, 49
. U.S. politician. Mr. Bradley, a Republican, represented Michigan's 11th District in the United States House of Representatives from 1939-1947, and was chairman of the House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee. He died of a heart attack.

Politics and government
Socialist leader Tetsu Katayama was installed as Prime Minister of Japan, following the Socialist victory in parliamentary elections in April.

Italian President Enrico de Nicola asked former Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi to form his fourth cabinet.

Protest
The Jamaican government declared a state of emergency, banning public meetings and parades, after a large opposition demonstration in Kingston.

Defense
The United States and Yemen signed an agreement granting the Arab kingdom a $1-million credit for the purchase of surplus U.S. Army equipment.

The U.S. Navy announced that it would buy the new twin-jet 600-miles-per-hour McDonnell Banshee, to be used as a carrier-based fighter.

Crime
Attacking the May 21 acquittal by an all-white jury in Greenville, South Carolina of 28 white men accused of the February 17 lynching of Willie Earle, S.C. Governor Tom Clark called the verdict an "outrage," and said he would ask the U.S. Supreme Court if federal lynching prosecutions were possible under the civil rights code.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Butterfly--Andy Williams

War
A force of about 100 armed insurgents landed on the northern coast of the Cuban province of Oriente. The group had reportedly sailed from Miami and had no connection to the rebels led by Fidel Castro.

Diplomacy
11 Arab states protested to the United States against continued U.S. aid to France, which they charged with "outrageous acts of terror and atrocities" in Algeria.

Defense
The West German government said that it reserved its "legitimate right" to use nuclear weapons for defense in the U.S.S.R. continued to block disarmament and established nuclear warfare bases in eastern Europe.

Protest
13 Americans were injured in the sacking of the U.S. embassy in Taipei by 3,000 Taiwanese who were protesting the killing by a U.S. soldier of a Chinese man. Another crowd raided the U.S. Information Service office in Taipei.

Labour
United Steel Workers of America President David McDonald charged that a secret school financed by employers was training "agitators" to serve as "professional union busters."

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra (3rd week at #1)
2 This is My Song--Petula Clark
3 Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles
4 When I was Young--Eric Burdon & the Animals
5 A Little Bit You, A Little Bit Me--The Monkees
6 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
7 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Mamas and the Papas
8 Ciao Baby--Lynne Randell
9 There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits
10 Going Home/I Don't Care--Normie Rowe

Singles entering the chart were The Happening by the Supremes (#27); The Girls in Paris by Lee Hazlewood (#30); Western Union by the Strangers (#31); You Made Me What I Am by Cheryl Gray (#35); and Simon Smith and His Amazing Dancing Bear by the Alan Price Set (#39).

Space
The United States launched the satellite Explorer 34--also known as Interplanetary Monitoring Platform--F from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

Canadiana
The Voyageur canoe race, with teams from eight provinces and the two territories, began with the departure from Rocky Mountain House Alberta. The canoeists arrived at Expo 67 in Montreal on September 4.

Sir John A. Macdonald's Kingston, Ontario home, Bellevue House, was opened as a museum by Parks Canada.

War
Egypt imposed a blockade and siege of the Red Sea coast of Israel.

Protest
Security guards locked the Centre Block doors for first time as over 10,000 Ontario and Québec dairy farmers demonstrated on Parliament Hill in Ottawa for higher milk prices.

40 years ago
1977


Politics and government
U.S.S.R. President Nikolai Podgorny, 74, was dropped from the Communist Party Politburo in a vote at a plenary session of the party's Central Committee. The move was generally interpreted as ending Mr. Podgorny's career.

The governing Liberal Party won five of six Canadian federal by-elections, gaining one seat.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Finals
Quebec 3 @ Winnipeg 12 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

The Jets set a World Hockey Association playoff record for goals in a game as they routed the Nordiques at Winnipeg Arena.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Lean on Me--Club Nouveau (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Viens boire un p'tit coup à la maison--License IV (7th week at #1)

Auto racing
Al Unser, Sr., who was without a ride at the beginning of May, won the Indianapolis 500 for the fourth time, tying a record held by A.J. Foyt. Mr. Unser had won in 1970, 1971, and 1978, but didn’t have an opportunity to participate in the 1987 race until Danny Ongais was injured in a practice crash, and Mr. Unser was hired as his replacement.



Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Edmonton 4 @ Philadelphia 1 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Wayne Gretzky had 3 assists as the Oilers beat the Flyers at the Spectrum.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): To Be with You--Mr. Big (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: To Be with You--Mr. Big (4th week at #1)

World events
The ethnic cleansing in Kozarac, Bosnia,and Herzegovina began when Serbian militia and police forces entered the town.

Diplomacy
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced that Canada was withdrawing her Ambassador to Belgrade and expelling Yugoslavian diplomats as part of international effort to force Serbs to agree to a cease-fire in Bosnia.

Politics and government
General Suchinda Kraprayoon resigned as Premier of Thailand in the face of widespread protest against his regime and in favour of democratic reform. Five parties had withdrawn their support for Gen. Kraprayoon, and Thailand’s major political parties had agreed in principle on May 9 to constitutional amendments requiring that the country’s premier be an elected member of the legislature, and curtailing military power. Gen. Kraprayoon had seized power in a coup in 1991 and had become Premier in April 1992.

Auto racing
Al Unser, Jr. held off Scott Goodyear to win the Indianapolis 500 for the first time in the closest finish in the race’s history to date. Cold weather helped contribute to the slowest Indianapolis 500 since 1958, including a crash on the pace lap when Roberto Guerrero, driving from the pole position, spun out on cold tires and crashed into a wall, putting him out of the race before it officially started. Mr. Goodyear started 33rd and last in the field, but gradually worked his way to the front, where he just failed to overtake Mr. Unser at the finish line. It was the 35th and last Indianapolis 500 for four-time winner A.J. Foyt.



20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Around the World--Daft Punk

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Blood on the Dance Floor--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Fired Up--Funky Green Dogs (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): María--Ricky Martin (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Con Te Partiro (Time to Say Goodbye)--Sarah Brightman and Andrea Bocelli

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): You're Not Alone--Olive (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): MMMBop--Hanson

Died on this date
Edward Mulhare, 74
. Irish-born U.S. actor. Mr. Mulhare was best known for his starring roles in the television series The Ghost and Mrs. Muir (1968-1970) and Knight Rider (1982-1986). He died of lung cancer.

Tuesday, 23 May 2017

May 23, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Chrisie Bell!

Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Polly & Maurice Pratt!

200 years ago
1817


Business
The Bank of Montreal was officially founded, with a capital of £250,000; it opened for business on November 3, 1817.

130 years ago
1887


Transportation
Canadian Pacific Railway Engine 374, pulling a passenger train from Montreal, became the first locomotive to steam into the new West Coast terminus at Vancouver harbour, a year after its sister Engine No. 371 brought the first Canadian Pacific Railway train to cross Canada into Port Moody, British Columbia. CPR president W.C. Van Horne moved the terminus to Vancouver because of a deeper harbour for the planned steamship service.

110 years ago
1907


Politics and government
The unicameral Parliament of Finland gathered in Helsinki for its first plenary session.

80 years ago
1937


Died on this date
John D. Rockefeller, 97
. U.S. industrialist. Mr. Rockefeller founded Standard Oil Company in 1870, which controlled, at its peak, 90% of American oil. Mr. Rockefeller became the richest person in modern history and the richest American ever, with a peak net worth estimated at $336 billion (in 2007 U.S. dollars) in 1913. He spent the last 40 years of his life engaged in philanthropy.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Tangerine--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

War
Soviet troops abandoned Kerch Peninsula in Crimea. Japanese forces occupied Chuanshih Island at the mouth of the Min River below Foochow, and 21 Japanese warships shelled Santu, Pingtan, and Nanjisu Islands nearby.

Economics and finance
The U.S. War Production Board ordered a halt in construction of new race tracks, theatres, baseball parks, and other public amusement projects costing $5,000 or more by June 6, 1942.

Disasters
Flash floods in eastern and central Pennsylvania killed 32 people.

Track and field
Cornelius "Dutch" Warmerdam of Long Beach, California set a world record in the pole vault, reaching a height of 15 feet, 7 3/4 inches at a meet in Modesto, California. The record lasted until 1957.

Baseball
Princeton University defeated Harvard University 6-5 to clinch the Eastern Intercollegiate Baseball League championship for the second straight year.

70 years ago
1947


Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council's Balkan Inquiry Commission concluded its four-month study of the area by charging that Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and Albania had supported guerrilla units fighting the Greek government, and recommended the creation of a neutral commission to supervise the Greek frontier for two years.

Protest
Student demonstrations for higher subsistence payments turned into anti-government riots at 43 Chinese universities and high schools, as Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek charged that Communists were behind the student unrest.

Economics and finance
Sultan Sidi Mohammed of Morocco refused to sign the French colony's budget in protest against a clause giving France increased economic control over Moroccan industries.

Scandal
Former U.S. House of Representatives Sergeant-at-Arms Kenneth Romney was sentenced in Washington to 1-3 years in prison for embezzlement of House funds.

Boxing
World light heavyweight champion Gus Lesnevich (57-11-5), fighting as a heavyweight, knocked out Melio Bettina (76-13-3) in just 59 seconds of the 1st round, the quickest knockout ever for a main event at the third Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. Bettina, who outweighed Mr. Lesnevich by 10 1/2 pounds, was knocked down three times, and referee Billy Cavanaugh waved off the count after the third knockdown.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
William L. Murphy, 81
. U.S. inventor. Mr. Murphy invented the Murphy bed, that folds into a wall.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council heard arguments on a complaint by Syria that Israel had secured a "military advantage" by building a bridge across the Jordan River near the Hula Valley land drainage project.

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill continuing conscription of physicians through mid-1959.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations Executive Council, meeting in Washington, suspended the 85,000-member Laundry Workers International Union; the 75,000-member Allied Industrial Workers union; and the 35,000-member Distillery Workers International Union on charges of corruption.

50 years ago
1967


Politics and government
Premier Ernest Manning led his Social Credit Party to its ninth consecutive--and last--majority government in the Alberta provincial election. Social Credit captured 55 of 65 seats in the Legislative Assembly, down from 57 at dissolution. The Progressive Conservative Party, led by Peter Lougheed, took 6 seats--up from zero--and the Liberals, led by Michael Maccagno, repeated with 3 seats. Clarence Copithorne was elected as an independent candidate in Banff-Cochrane. Voters also narrowly rejected a proposal to adopt daylight saving time.

Transportation
Ontario's GO Transit--commuter rail service among Pickering, Toronto, Oakville, and Hamilton under an operating agreement with Canadian National Railways--was inaugurated.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Don't Cry for Me Argentina--Julie Covington (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Amayadori--Masashi Sada

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Gavilán o Paloma--Pablo Abraira (5th week at #1)

Terrorism
Activists from the South Molucca Islands (formerly part of the Dutch East Indies) took more than 100 children and 6 teachers hostage in a primary school in northern Holland.

Scandal
The U.S. Supreme Court refused to review appeals from John Mitchell, Bob Haldeman, and John Ehrlichman of their convictions in the cover-up of the 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. The decision let stand a District of Columbia Court of Appeals ruling which had upheld their convictions in October 1976, which had resulted in prison sentences from 8-28 years.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed into law a bill to cut taxes and simplify income tax returns.

Golf
Jack Nicklaus won the Memorial Open in Dublin, Ohio.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Let it Be--Ferry Aid

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Multimix--The Communards (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Crockett's Theme--Jan Hammer

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Crockett's Theme--Jan Hammer (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hold Me Now--Johnny Logan (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): With or Without You--U2 (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 With or Without You--U2 (2nd week at #1)
2 Looking for a New Love--Jody Watley
3 The Lady in Red--Chris DeBurgh
4 You Keep Me Hangin' On--Kim Wilde
5 Always--Atlantic Starr
6 Heat of the Night--Bryan Adams
7 Big Love--Fleetwood Mac
8 (I Just) Died in Your Arms--Cutting Crew
9 La Isla Bonita--Madonna
10 Wanted Dead or Alive--Bon Jovi

Singles entering the chart were Shakedown by Bob Seger (#51); The Pleasure Principle by Janet Jackson (#79); Only in My Dreams by Debbie Gibson (#82); Happy by Surface (#86); Why Should I Cry? by Nona Hendryx (#87); If I was Your Girlfriend by Prince (#88); and Can't Get Started by Peter Wolf (#89).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 (I Just) Died in Your Arms--Cutting Crew (2nd week at #1)
2 With or Without You--U2
3 Lean on Me--Club Nouveau
4 La Isla Bonita--Madonna
5 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
6 Boom Boom--Paul Lekakis
7 Heat of the Night--Bryan Adams
8 Looking for a New Love--Jody Watley
9 I Knew You were Waiting (For Me)--Aretha Franklin and George Michael
10 Don't Dream it's Over--Crowded House

Singles entering the chart were Take My Heart by Corey Hart (#87); One Night (Is All it Takes) by Paul Janz (#91); Shakedown by Bob Seger (#93); Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye by the Nylons (#95); Heartbreak Beat by Psychedelic Furs (#96); and Fascinated by Company B (#98).

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): To Be with You--Mr. Big (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kimi ga iru dakede--Kome Club

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Why--Annie Lennox (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Please Don't Go--Double You (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Please Don't Go--Double You

#1 single in France (SNEP): Joy--François Feldman (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Please Don't Go--Double You

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Please Don't Go/Game Boy--KWS (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jump--Kris Kross (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 My Lovin' (You're Never Gonna Get It)--En Vogue
2 Jump--Kris Kross
3 One--U2
4 Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams
5 Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen
6 Everything About You--Ugly Kid Joe
7 Thought I'd Died and Gone to Heaven--Bryan Adams
8 Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers
9 Live and Learn--Joe Public
10 Let's Get Rocked--Def Leppard

Singles entering the chart were Hold on My Heart by Genesis (#60); Tennessee by Arrested Development (#63); Silent Prayer by Shanice featuring Johnny Gill (#69); Life is a Highway by Tom Cochrane (#75); Closer to Me by the Outfield (#81); and White Men Can't Jump by Riff (#87). White Men Can't Jump was the title song of the movie.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 One--U2 (3rd week at #1)
2 Human Touch--Bruce Springsteen
3 Let's Get Rocked--Def Leppard
4 Sinking Like a Sunset--Tom Cochrane
5 If You Asked Me To--Celine Dion
6 Will You Marry Me--Paula Abdul
7 Make it Happen--Mariah Carey
8 Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers
9 Lift Me Up--Howard Jones
10 Constant Craving--k.d. lang

Singles entering the chart were Steel Bars by Michael Bolton (#72); Just Another Day by Jon Secada (#76); White Men Can't Jump by Riff (#77); I Drove All Night by Roy Orbison (#80); Hold Me Now by Dan Hill (#92); Fall in Love Again by Eddie Money (#93); I Want to Believe by Sass Jordan (#95); and You've Got a Way by Kathy Troccoli (#97).

Died on this date
Giovanni Falcone, 53
. Italian judge. Mr. Falcone, an anti-Mafia crusader, was killed--five days after his 53rd birthday--along with this wife and three bodyguards in a bomb explosion near Capaci, Sicily. 13 others were injured in the attack, perpetrated by the Corleonesi clan.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
Pittsburgh 5 @ Boston 1 (Pittsburgh won best-of-seven series 4-0)

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Lonely--Nana (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Bailando--Paradisio (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
Mohammad Khatami, a moderate, was elected President of Iran, defeating hard-liners in the ruling Muslim clergy.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Philadelphia 3 @ New York Rangers 2 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)

10 years ago
2007


War
Stephen Harper visited the forward operating base in Ma'sum Ghar near Kandahar, Afghanistan, becoming the first Canadian Prime Minister to enter a combat zone.

Terrorism
The Supreme Court of Canada ordered the federal government to hand over documents to lawyers for suspect Omar Khadr from interrogation sessions held with him in 2003.

Monday, 22 May 2017

May 22, 2017

350 years ago
1667


Died on this date
Alexander VII, 68
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1655-1667. Alexander VII, born Fabio Chigi, succeeded Innocent X. Pope Alexander initially opposed nepotism, but later gave positions to his relatives. Alexander VII was succeeded by Clement IX.

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
Queen Victoria proclaimed that the Confederation Act should go into effect and the Dominion of Canada should come into being on July 1, 1867. She also announced the names of Canada's first 72 Senators--36 Conservatives and 36 Reformers.

140 years ago
1877


Horse racing
Baden-Baden, with Billy Walker up, won the 3rd running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:38, 2 lengths ahead of Leonard, with King William third.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Georg Tintner
. Austro-Hungarian-born orchestra conductor. Mr. Tintner, a native of Vienna, fled his native land for New Zealand in 1938 after the Nazi takeover of Austria. He worked in New Zealand until 1954, and then worked in Australia and South Africa. Mr. Tintner moved to Canada in 1987 to become music director of Symphony Nova Scotia, making numerous recordings. After a six-year battle with cancer, he jumped to his death from the window of his 11th-floor apartment in Halifax at the age of 82 on October 2, 1999.

90 years ago
1927


Disasters
An earthquake near Xining, China measuring 8.3 claimed approximately 200,000 victims.

75 years ago
1942


War
A special session of the Mexican Congress resulted in Mexico declaring war on the Axis countries. In the fifth draft registration since October 1940, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the registration of every male who would be 18 or 19 years of age by June 30, 1942. Greek guerrillas reportedly cut the Salonika railroad over which Germany had been moving troops through Bulgaria to the Russian front. Chinese troops forced Japanese troops to retreat to their ships after landing at the mouth of the Min River near Foochow.

Diplomacy
The Swedish-American liner Drottningham left Lisbon carrying 875 North and South American diplomats, newspaper correspondents, and other civilians to the Americas in exchange for Axis officials and correspondents.

Politics and government
David B. Vaughan, a member of the U.S. Board of Economic Warfare, filed a $75,000 libel suit against U.S. Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas), who had linked Mr. Vaughan with Communist front organizations.

Economics and finance
U.S. War Production Board Chairman Donald Nelson stated that there would be no new automobile tires for the next two years because of World War II.

Labour
U.S. President Roosevelt authorized the creation of the nine-man National Railway Labor Panel for adjustment of disputes between railways and employees before disputes reached strike votes.

70 years ago
1947


Americana
The American Academy of Arts and Letters inducted historian Charles Beard, landscape architect Gilmore Clark, and poet Archibald MacLeish.

Diplomacy
A Brazilian mission arrived in Austria to select 150,000 refugee camp residents for immigration to southern Brazil.

Defense
The Truman Doctrine was enacted, as the United States Congress appropriated $400 million in military and economic aid for Greece and Turkey, and President Harry Truman signed the bill.

Politics and government
The Confederation of Colombian Workers was banned for alleged Communist connections.

Energy
The European Coal Organization ended a two-day meeting in London after allocating 60,000 tons of coal to the United Kingdom.

60 years ago
1957


Divorced on this date
Prince Aly Khan of Pakistan and U.S. actress Rita Hayworth divorced for the second time, in Vienna.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council adjourned without taking action on French demands that it challenge Egypt's terms for operation of the Suez Canal.

Jordanian sources reported the arrest of 52 former United Nations employees in Amman who had been dismissed for suspected disloyalty to Jordan.

Society
The South African government approved racial separation in universities.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations Executive Council adopted a code of ethical practices for union finances calling for "regular audits" and "minimum accounting and financial controls."

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Marionetas en la Cuerda (Puppet on a String)--Sandie Shaw (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Langston Hughes, 65
. U.S. writer. Mr. Hughes, a Negro, was a poet, novelist, and dramatist, and a major figure of the Harlem Renaissance. He died of complications following an operation for prostate cancer.

World events
Egypt closed the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping.

Disasters
The L'Innovation department store in Brussels burned down, resulting in 323 dead or missing and 150 injured in the most devastating fire in Belgian history.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Don't Cry for Me Argentina--Julie Covington (3rd week at #1)

Auto racing
Janet Guthrie became the first female driver to qualify for the Indianapolis 500, with an average speed of 188.403 miles per hour. She started in 26th place in the 33-car grid in the race a week later.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Finals
Winnipeg 3 @ Quebec 8 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Nordiques' win over the Jets at Le Colisee was one of the few World Hockey Association games ever televised by CBC.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Portland 101 @ Philadelphia 107 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Julius Erving scored 33 points and Doug Collins added 30 for the 76ers as they beat the Trail Blazers before 18,276 fans at the Spectrum. Bill Walton led Portland with 28 points and 20 rebounds.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos traded first baseman-outfielder Mike Jorgensen to the Oakland Athletics for pitcher Stan Bahnsen. Mr. Jorgensen, who was in his sixth season with the Expos, was batting .200 (4 for 20) with no home runs or runs batted in in 19 games with Montreal in 1977. Mr. Bahnsen was 1-2 with 1 save and an earned run average of 6.14 in 11 games with Oakland in 1977.

The Boston Red Sox scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning--4 on a grand slam by George Scott--to defeat the Milwaukee Brewers 14-10 in the first game of a doubleheader before 29,653 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The teams tied a major league record for a single game with 11 home runs, 6 by the Red Sox. Fred Lynn homered twice for Boston, and Don Money homered twice for Milwaukee. Ed Rodriguez pitched a 2-hitter to lead the Brewers to a 6-0 win in the second game; Ken McMullen and Jim Wohlford hit home runs, and Von Joshua batted 4 for 4 as the Brewers had 18 hits.

The Detroit Tigers scored 4 runs in the 1st inning--3 on a home run by Jason Thompson--and 3 in the 2nd as they routed the Chicago White Sox 14-3 before 31,030 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Dan Meyer batted 4 for 4 with a run and 3 runs batted in to help the Seattle Mariners defeat the Oakland Athletics 6-2 before 3,138 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum in a game that was televised over the Mariners' network. Dick Pole allowed 1 hit and 1 run--earned--in 5 innings to get the win over Vida Blue, who allowed 11 hits and 6 runs--4 earned--in 7+ innings. Pinch hitter Mark Williams struck out to end the game; it was his third and last major league game, as he was soon sent back to the San Jose Missions of the AAA Pacific Coast League. In 3 major league games, Mr. Williams batted 0 for 2 with a base on balls and 1 run batted in, and 1 putout in 1 game in the outfield.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): La Isla Bonita--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

Abominations
19 members of the Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC) allegedly rounded up 42 Muslim youth from the Hashimpura mohalla (locality) of Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India, took them in truck to the outskirts, shot them to death, and dumped their bodies in water canals.

Adventure
Canadian wheelchair athlete Rick Hansen accomplished the first world tour by wheelchair, ending his Man in Motion event back in Vancouver, British Columbia after 792 days, 467 of which were spent on the road. He raised at least $15 million for spinal cord research and the disabled. The 29-year-old Mr. Hansen pumped his wheelchair 3,600 times an hour for 26 months, travelling 25,000 miles through 34 countries, wearing out 117 tires and 11 pairs of gloves.

Sport
The first Rugby World Cup began with host New Zealand routing Italy 70-6 before 20,000 fans at Eden Park in Auckland.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Edmonton 3 @ Philadelphia 5 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-1)

The Flyers came back from a 3-0 2nd-period deficit to defeat the Oilers at the Spectrum. Scott Mellanby and Brad McCrimmon scored 17 seconds apart in the 3rd period to take a 4-3 lead, and Brian Propp scored into an empty net.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap!

On television tonight
The Tonight Show starring Johnny Carson, on NBC

Mr. Carson, whose absences from the show had become more frequent in recent years, made his last appearance after 30 years as host. 55 million viewers tuned in for his farewell performance. Jay Leno, who had often substituted for Mr. Carson, replaced him as Tonight’s permanent host.

Diplomacy
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Slovenia joined the United Nations.

Environment
In Nairobi, delegates from 98 countries approved a draft treaty on biodiversity, which called on all countries to develop strategies for protecting plants and animals.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Chicago 5 @ Edmonton 1 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-0)

The Blackhawks led 5-0 after 2 periods and coasted to an easy victory at Northlands Coliseum to advance to the Stanley Cup finals for the first time in 19 years. Kelly Buchberger scored the Oilers’ only goal against Ed Belfour. It remains the only Stanley Cup playoff game that this blogger has ever attended.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Fire--Scooter (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Alfred Hershey, 88
. U.S. bacteriologist and geneticist. Dr. Hershey shared the 1969 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Max Delbrück and Salvador Luria "for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses."

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Colorado 0 @ Detroit 6 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-1)

10 years ago
2007


Politics and government
Premier Gary Doer led his New Democratic Party to a third consecutive majority government, capturing 36 of 57 seats in the Legislative Assembly in the Manitoba provincial election. The Progressive Conservative Party, led by Hugh McFayden, took 19 seats, while the Liberals, led by Joe Gerrard, won the remaining 2 seats. Mr. Doer became the first Manitoba Premier since Progressive Conservative Duff Roblin in 1966 to lead his party to three straight electoral majorities.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Detroit 3 @ Anaheim 4 (Anaheim won best-of-seven series 4-2)