Tuesday, July 22, 2014

July 22, 2014

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Eileen Sasakamoose!

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate General John Bell Hood led an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill, outside Atlanta.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
James Whale
. U.K.-born U.S. movie director. Mr. Whale was best known for the films Journey's End (1930); Waterloo Bridge (1931); Frankenstein (1931); The Old Dark House (1932); The Invisible Man (1933); and Bride of Frankenstein (1935). He committed suicide by drowning himself in his swimming pool on May 29, 1957 at the age of 67.

120 years ago
1894


Auto racing
The world's first motor race was held in France between the cities of Paris and Rouen. The fastest finisher was Comte Jules-Albert de Dion, but the "official" victory was awarded to Albert Lemaître, driving his 3 horsepower petrol-engined Peugeot.

80 years ago
1934


Died on this date
John Dillinger, 31
. U.S. criminal. After a string of bank robberies and the murders of several policemen, Mr. Dillinger was gunned down in an ambush led by Federal Bureau of Investigation Special Agent Melvin Purvis as he walked out of the Biograph Theater in Chicago after seeing the movie Manhattan Melodrama (1934).

Baseball
43-year-old Dazzy Vance recorded his 2,000th career strikeout and pitched his last major league complete game as the St. Louis Cardinals defeated the Boston Braves 4-2 in the second game of a doubleheader at Braves Field in Boston. The Cardinals won the first game 5-4.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Seeing You--Bing Crosby (3rd week at #1)

War
Soviet troops broke into the streets of Pskov, the last pre-World War II city in German hands. Three allied colums in Italy menaced Florence, while patrols on the west coast pirced the German lines less than 4 miles from Pisa. Chindits in northern Burma captured Pungan and Ngusharawng, 17 miles west of Mogaung.

Politics and government
General Kuniaki Koiso took office as Prime Minister and Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai took office as deputy Prime Minister of Japan. They had been named by Emperor Hirohito to form a new cabinet with "joint repsonsibility for government leadership." The new leaders announced that they would "work for thoroughgoing realization of the principles of the Greater East Asia Declaration, thereby carrying the sacred war to complete victory, setting the Imperial mind at rest."

The Polish Committee of National Liberation published its manifesto.

Economics and finance
The 44-nation Bretton Woods conference ended with an agreement to establish an international loan fund of $8.8 billion to stabilize world currencies and a World Bank with $9.1 billion in capitalization to help needy nations with loans.

Law
A U.S. appellate court in Chicago reversed the convictions of five people who had been found guilty of treason for harbouring German spy Herbert Haupt. The reversal was based on a U.S. Supreme Court decision prohibiting use of statements by the defendants before their formal arraignment. The death sentence of Hans Haupt, the spy's father, was changed to life imprisonment.

Journalism
The Argentine government lifted censorship of outgoing news dispatches filed by accredited correspondents.

Horse racing
Count Fleet, the 1943 Triple Crown winner and Horse of the Year, was retired after failing to recover from an injury sustained in the 1943 Belmont Stakes.

50 years ago
1964


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (0-1) 14 @ Montreal (1-1) 17
Winnipeg (0-2) 7 @ Toronto (2-0) 17
Hamilton (1-1) 7 @ Calgary (2-1) 33

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Wayne Morse, 73
. U.S. politician. Mr. Morse, a Republican who became an independent and then a Democrat, represented Oregon in the United States Sente from 1945-1969. He was best known for being one of just two Senators to oppose, on constitutional grounds, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964 that authorized an expansion of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.

War
Following intensive negotiations headed by the U.K. and U.S.A., a United Nations-sponsored cease-fire in Cyprus between Greece and Turkey went into effect. Greece and Turkey agreed to meet in Geneva for talks on Cyprus, where the Greek-dominated Cypriot National Guard had deposed President Archbishop Makarios on July 15.

Politics and government
The Ethiopian military ousted Prime Minister Endalkachew, accusing him of responsibility in the government's failure to institute reforms.

Scandal
U.S. District Court Judge Gerhard Gesell dismissed a charge of making false statements to Federal Bureau of Investigation against former White House aide John Ehrlichman, ruling that the charge was irrelevant to Mr. Ehrlichman's case. Mr. Ehrlichman had already been convicted of violating the civil rights of Dr. Lewis Fielding, former psychiatrist to former U.S. Defense Department employee Daniel Ellsberg. Dr. Fielding's office had been broken into in 1971 after Mr. Ellsberg had released the "Pentagon Papers"--documents related to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War--to the press.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Self Control--Laura Branigan (4th week at #1)

Golf
Seve Ballasteros won the British Open at the Old Course at St Andrews in St Andrews, Scotland with a 12-under-par score of 276, 2 strokes ahead of Bernhard Langer and Tom Watson. First prize money was £55,000 ($71, 500).

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-2) 26 @ Toronto (3-1) 43
British Columbia (2-1) 3 @ Winnipeg (2-1) 25

The Edmonton Eskimos went into the game at Exhibition Stadium without quarterback Matt Dunigan, who had fallen asleep while wearing his contact lenses and was in tremendous pain. Johnny Evans started in his place, and threw 2 touchdown passes to Brian Kelly, giving Mr. Kelly 10 touchdowns in the first 4 games of the season. Backup quarterback Kevin Ingram threw to Marco Cyncar for a touchdown in the fourth quarter, and passed to Larry Cowan for a 2-point convert. The pass to Mr. Cyncar was Mr. Ingram’s only CFL touchdown pass. For the Argonauts, Joe Barnes relieved Condredge Holloway at quarterback in the second quarter and proceeded to throw 6 touchdown passes, including one to linebacker William Miller.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Look--Roxette (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Johnny, Johnny Come Home--Avalanche (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Viva la Mamma--Edoardo Bennato (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): No More Boleros--Gerard Joling (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: You'll Never Stop Me Loving You--Sonia

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Toy Soldiers--Martika

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Express Yourself--Madonna
2 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
3 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
4 Batdance--Prince
5 Toy Soldiers--Martika
6 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
7 I Drove All Night--Cyndi Lauper
8 What You Don't Know--Expose
9 Satisfied--Richard Marx
10 Lay Your Hands on Me--Bon Jovi

Singles entering the chart were Hangin' Tough by New Kids on the Block (#70); Kisses on the Wind by Neneh Cherry (#77); Tell Me I'm Not Dreaming by Robert Palmer (#80); Jackie Brown by John Cougar Mellencamp (#87); and Don't Say You Love Me by Billy Squier (#90).

20 years ago
1994


Space
Comet Shoemaker-Levy finished six days of impacts on Jupiter. 21 fragments of the comet, impacting at 130,000 miles per hour, produced huge plumes of dust and gas and dark discolourations on the planet's surface. One fragment hit with a force of 250 million megatons of TNT.

World events
The United Nations urged refugees in Rwanda to return home, as dysentery and cholera were taking a heavy toll. U.S. President Bill Clinton ordered the U.S. Defense Department to mount a major relief effort.

Defense
U.S. District Court Judge C. Weldon Hauck ordered the Citadel, a state-financed military college in Charleston, South Carolina, to admit Shannon Faulkner, whose admittance had been withdrawn in 1993 after the college had found out that she was a woman. Judge Hauck ruled the Citadel to be in violation of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution's provision for equal protection under the law. The school said it would appeal.

Crime
Former U.S. football star O.J. Simpson was arraigned in Los Angeles for the June 12 murders of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. Mr. Simpson pled not guilty to the charges.

Died on this date
George Kidd, 87
. U.K.-born Canadian diplomat. Mr. Kidd was named Canada's first Ambassador to Israel in 1954, and was Ambassador to Cuba at the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.

Illinois Jacquet, 81. U.S. musician. Mr. Jacquet was a jazz tenor saxophonist whose solo on the 1942 Lionel Hampton Orchestra recording of Flying Home has been recognized as the first rhythm and blues saxophone solo.

Sacha Distel, 71. French musician. Mr. Distel, a guitarist and singer, was known for his recordings of the songs La Belle Vie (The Good Life) and Raindrops Keep Falling on My Head, as well as French-language versions of various songs originally recorded by English-speaking artists.

Defense
A bipartisan committee of the United States Congress completed a 19-month investigation with the release of a report calling for sweeping changes in the country's intelligence agencies and the creation of a cabinet-level intelligence director.

War
A United States Army report on abuse of prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq blamed rogue soldiers for the scandal. The Army Inspector General contradicted other reports when he concluded that the prison abuse was not a systemic problem.

Crime
Police in Brampton, Ontario arrested Min Chen, 21, a visa student from China, for the murder of Cecilia Zhang, who had been abducted from her Toronto home in October 2003.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (2-3) 48 @ Winnipeg (2-3) 17

Monday, July 21, 2014

July 21, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Garland Grayston!

240 years ago
1774


War
Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca, ending the Russo-Turkish War.

125 years ago
1889


Died on this date
Nelson Dewey, 75
. U.S. politician. Mr. Dewey, a Democrat was the 1st Governor of Wisconsin from 1848-1852.

110 years ago
1904


Transportation
Louis Rigolly of France became the first man to break the 100 miles per hour barrier on land. He drove a 15-litre Gobron-Brille in Ostend, Belgium.

100 years ago
1914


War
The Crown Council of Romania decided for the country to remain neutral in World War I.

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Claus von Stauffenberg, 36
. German military officer. Colonel Stauffenberg and fellow conspirators were executed in Berlin for the July 20 attempt to assassinate German dictator Adolf Hitler.

War
Soviet troops enveloped Ostrov in their drive toward the Latvian border. U.S. troops on the west coast of Guam repulsed two Japanese attacks and took Mount Allan, more than a mile inland.

Politics and government
At the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt selected U.S. Senator Harry Truman (Missouri) as his vice presidential running mate. The final ballot gave Sen. Truman 1,031 votes to 105 for incumbent Vice President Henry Wallace.

60 years ago
1954


Diplomacy
The Geneva Conference partitioned Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam, ending eight years of war in Indochina between France and the Viet Minh.

40 years ago
1974


War
Heavy fighting continued in northern Cyprus between Turkish forces on one side and Greeks and Greek Cypriots on the other. A naval clash in the Mediterranean Sea ended with Turkish claims that it had halted a Greek landing on Cyprus.

Protest
More than 10,000 Greek-Cypriots and left-wing activists took to the streets of London in support of an independent Cyprus and the restoration of Archbishop Makarios as Cyprus's President.

Baseball
Eddie Mathews was fired as manager of the Atlanta Braves, almost two years after replacing Lum Harris. The Braves had a record of 50-49 and were in fourth place in the National League West Division, 14 games behind the first-place Los Angeles Dodgers at the time of Mr. Mathews' firing, and had lost 6 of their last 7 games. Clyde King replaced Mr. Mathews as the Braves' manager.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Self Control--Raf (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go--Wham!

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go--Wham!

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Two Tribes--Frankie Goes To Hollywood (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): When Doves Cry--Prince (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 When Doves Cry--Prince (2nd week at #1)
2 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
3 Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr.
4 The Reflex--Duran Duran
5 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol
6 Jump (For My Love)--The Pointer Sisters
7 Almost Paradise...Love Theme from Footloose--Mike Reno and Ann Wilson
8 Infatuation--Rod Stewart
9 State of Shock--The Jacksons with Mick Jagger
10 Doctor! Doctor!--Thompson Twins

Singles entering the chart were If This is It by Huey Lewis and the News (#56); She Bop by Cyndi Lauper (#60); Dynamite by Jermaine Jackson (#66); Right By Your Side by Eurythmics (#86); Happy Ending by Joe Jackson (#87); and Cruel Summer by Bananarama (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Self Control--Laura Branigan
2 Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry
3 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
4 Sister Christian--Night Ranger
5 Let's Hear it for the Boy--Deniece Williams
6 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol
7 Time After Time--Cyndi Lauper
8 Almost Paradise...Love Theme from Footloose--Mike Reno and Ann Wilson
9 Jump (For My Love)--Pointer Sisters
10 State of Shock--The Jacksons with Mick Jagger

Singles entering the chart were She Bop by Cyndi Lauper (#44); She's Mine by Steve Perry (#46); and All of You by Julio Iglesias and Diana Ross (#47).

World events
The Polish government proclaimed an amnesty, approved by parliament, that would release 652 political prisoners within 30 days. the amnesty would also apply to 35,000 criminals serving short sentences. Premier Wojciech Jaruzelski called the amnesty "a humanitarian act" and an "expression of the strength of the state," while warning political prisoners not to engage in anti-state activities in the future. The United States State Department said that it would study the amnesty before deciding whether to lift sanctions established after the imposition of martial law in Poland in 1981.

Politics and government
Walter Mondale, Democratic party candidate for President of the United States, alleged that President Ronald Reagan had a "secret plan" to raise taxes after the election.

Defense
The United States House of Representatives released a study asserting that the U.S. military was unprepared for major conventional warfare despite sharp increases in defense spending. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger rejected the report’s major finding of combat unreadiness, saying that the findings were "dangerously wrong" and perhaps politically motivated. The U.S.S.R. called on the U.S.A. to join in a formal statement pledging both countries to begin talks on banning spece weapons.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-1) 31 @ Montreal (1-2) 28

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Bring Me Edelweiss--Edelweiss

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das Omen (Teil I)--Mysterious Art (4th week at #1)

Boxing
It took Mike Tyson (37-0) just 1 minute and 33 seconds to knock out Carl "The Truth" Williams (22-3) at the Atlantic City Convention Center and retain his world heavyweight title.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-0) 54 @ Calgary (0-2) 4

Tracy Ham and Rick Worman split the quarterbacking for the Eskimos, who overcame an early 3-0 deficit. The rout, which occurred on a night when former Eskimo star and current Stampeder president Norm Kwong was honoured, remains the most lopsided road win in Edmonton Eskimos’ history. Things got so bad in the second half for the Stampeders that when quarterback Tom Porras (who entered the game in relief in his first appearance with the Stampeders after several years with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats) directed the team to a first down, the fans gave their team a standing ovation. This blogger watched the game with his brother from the front row behind the Calgary Stampeders’ bench, and enjoyed the rout immensely. Among those who didn’t enjoy the game were a couple of young male yahoos who came down to the front row to yell obscenities at the Stampeders during the fourth quarter.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Find Me (Odyssey to Anyoona)--Jam & Spoon

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (12th week at #1)

Died on this date
Dorothy Collins, 67
. Canadian-born U.S. singer and actress. Miss Collins, born Marjorie Chandler in Windsor, Ontario, began performing on the television program Your Hit Parade in the 1950's, singing "Be happy, go Lucky" for the sponsor, Lucky Strike cigarettes, and later singing weekly top hits. In the 1960's she helped set up gags on unwitting victims for Allen Funt's Candid Camera.

Space
China's APT Satellite Company launched Apstar-1, its first satellite, without consultaztion with international bodies who monitored satellites to make sure they did not interfere with each other. The launch raised concerns that the two satellites closest to Apstar-1--Japan's Sakura-3A and Tonga's Rimsat-1--would have their operations disrupted by static from the new satellites and that Amstar-1 itself would not be fully functional, either.

Politics and government
Tony Blair, 41, became the youngest leader in the history of the British Labour Party when he was chosen to replace the late John Smith, who had died of a heart attack two months earlier. Mr. Blair was expected to continue Mr. Smith's policy of moving the party, the U.K.'s official Opposition, toward the political centre.

The Inuit of Quebec signed a self-government agreement with the government of Quebec, setting up a framework to create an elected assembly that would take on existing powers as well as policing, wildlife management, education, and social services.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-3) 25 @ British Columbia (3-0) 42 (OT)

Less Browne returned an interception 40 yards for a touchdown in overtime as the Lions overcame a 22-10 3rd-quarter deficit to defeat the Tiger-Cats before 18,976 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. kicker and punter Lui Passaglia set a CFL record by appearing in his 289th career regular season game.

Died on this date
Edward B. Lewis, 86
. U.S. geneticist. Dr. Lewis shared the 1995 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard and Eric Wieshaus "for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development."

Jerry Goldsmith, 75. U.S. composer. Mr. Goldsmith wrote scores for many movies and television programs, too numerous to list here. He won the Academy Award for his original score for The Omen (1976).

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-3) 25 @ Toronto (4-2) 28

Sunday, July 20, 2014

July 20, 2014

825 years ago
1189


Britannica
King Richard I was officially invested as Duke of Normandy.

200 years ago
1814


Died on this date
Aaron Stevens; Adam Crysler; Dayton Lindsey; Noah Payne Hopkins; George Peacock, Jr.; Isaiah Brink; Benjamin Simmons; John Dunham
. Canadian traitors. The eight men were hanged on Burlington Heights in Upper Canada after being convicted of high treason for firing on their neighbours during the War of 1812. The trials of the men, known as the Bloody Assize, had taken place at Ancaster, Upper Canada. Seven other men had been convicted, but were banished.

150 years ago
1864


Born on this date
Erik Axel Karlfeldt
. Swedish poet. Mr. Karlfeldt, born Erik Axel Eriksson, was posthumously awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1931, shortly after his death at the age of 66 on April 8, 1931.

War
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate forces led by General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully attacked Union troops under General William T. Sherman in the Battle of Peachtree Creek near Atlanta.

130 years ago
1884

Baseball

Charley Jones hit 3 triples to lead the Cincinnati Reds to a 17-5 win over the Indianapolis Blues in an American Association game at Bruce Grounds in Indianapolis.

90 years ago
1924


Olympics
Johnny Weissmuller of the United States won the gold medal in the 100-metre freestyle swimming event at the Summer Olympics in Paris in 59.0 seconds, setting a new Olympic record but falling well short of his world mark of 57.4 seconds set earlier in the year. It was a U.S. medal sweep in the event, as Duke Kahanamoku and his brother Sammy of Hawaii took the silver and bronze resepectively.

80 years ago
1934


Protest
Labour unrest in the U.S. continued as police in Minneapolis fired upon striking truck drivers during the Minneapolis Teamsters Strike, killing 2 and wounding 67. Police in Seattle fired tear gas on and clubbed 2,000 striking longshoremen during the west coast waterfront strike. Oregon Governor Julius Meier called out the Oregon National Guard to break a strike on the Portland docks.

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Mildred Harris, 42
. U.S. actress. Miss Harris began her career as a child star, and appeared in numerous movies, mainly frm 1912-1928 during the era of silent films. She was the first wife of movie comedy legend Charlie Chaplin; the two were married from 1918-1920. Miss Harris died of pneumonia following a major abdominal operation.

World events
German dictator Adolf Hitler survived an assassination attempt led by German Army Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg when a bomb in a briefcase exploded at his headquarters in Rastenberg, East Prussia.

War
U.K. General Bernard Montgomery called off Operation Goodwood/Atlantic after British and Canadian forces in France lost 4,000 men and 437 of 877 tanks attacking German forces south and east of Caen. 60% of Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal were killed or wounded, and the South Saskatchewan Regiment lost 200 dead, wounded, or captured. Despite the heavy German resistance, the 11-mile front was widened. Allied forces in Italy pushed through the Arno River valley on a 25-mile line as German forces retreated toward the Gothic Line. U.S. troops stormed ashore on Japanese-held Guam on either side of Port Apra. Chinese relief forces made deep penetrations of the Japanese siege lines around Hengyang in the province of Hunan. The Mexican government announced that 300 airmen would leave this week for training in the U.S.A. and would be ready for overseas combat after six months.

Politics and government
Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for an unprecedented fourth term as President of the United States at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, receiving 1,086 votes to 86 for U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd (Virginia) and 1 for James Farley.

Disasters
It was announced in Bombay that a cholera epidemic in four districts of the Indian province of Bihar had killed 34,808 people in three months.

60 years ago
1954


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Once a Killer, starring Martin E. Brooks, Lenka Peterson, and Michael Strong

World events
Otto John, head of West Germany's secret service, defected to East Germany.

50 years ago
1964


War
Viet Cong forces attacked the capital of Dinh Tuong Province, Cai Be, killing 11 South Vietnamese military personnel and 40 civilians (30 of whom were children).

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Ottawa (2-0) 25 @ Winnipeg (0-1) 7
Hamilton (1-0) 3 @ British Columbia (0-2) 0

After the Lions' loss to the Tiger-Cats on a rainy night at Empire Stadium, B.C. head coach Dave Skrien threatened to resign, alleging that General Manager Herb Capozzi had intervened in an area of his jurisdiction by giving the players' wives poorer seats to sit in at Empire Stadium than they were entitled to.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: She--Charles Aznavour (4th week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace (3rd week at #1)
2 Devil Gate Drive--Suzi Quatro
3 The Entertainer--Marvin Hamlisch
4 The Streak--Ray Stevens
5 Would You Lay with Me in a Field of Stone?--Judy Stone
6 Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks
7 Candle in the Wind/Bennie and the Jets--Elton John
8 Hooked on a Feeling--Blue Swede
9 Evie--Stevie Wright
10 My Girl Bill--Jim Stafford

Singles entering the chart were I Get a Little Sentimental Over You by the New Seekers (#33) and Amoureuse by Kiki Dee (#36).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rock Your Baby--George McCrae (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rock Your Baby--George McCrae
2 Annie's Song--John Denver
3 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation
4 Rikki Don't Lose That Number--Steely Dan
5 Rock and Roll Heaven--The Righteous Brothers
6 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--Elton John
7 The Air that I Breathe--The Hollies
8 You Won't See Me--Anne Murray
9 Hollywood Swinging--Kool & The Gang
10 On and On--Gladys Knight and the Pips

Singles entering the chart were Let's Put it All Together by the Stylistics (#75); Don't Knock My Love by Diana Ross & Marvin Gaye (#76); Free Man in Paris by Joni Mitchell (#81); Rings by Lobo (#83); Eyes of Silver by the Doobie Brothers (#85); It's Better to Have (And Don’t Need) by Don Covay (#95); Then Came You by Dionne Warwick and the Spinners (#96); Sugar Baby Love by the Rubettes (#98); and River's Risin' by Edgar Winter (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation (2nd week at #1)
2 Rock Your Baby--George McCrae
3 Annie's Song--John Denver
4 If You Love Me (Let Me Know)--Olivia Newton-John
5 The Air that I Breathe--The Hollies
6 Rock and Roll Heaven--The Righteous Brothers
7 Rikki Don't Lose that Number--Steely Dan
8 Billy, Don't Be a Hero--Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods
9 Be Thankful for What You Got--William DeVaughn
10 Sundown--Gordon Lightfoot

Singles entering the chart were All Shook Up by Suzi Quatro (#77); Air Disaster by Albert Hammond (#83); Forever and Ever (Baby I'm Gonna Be Yours) by Keith Hampshire (#84); Walk On by Neil Young (#87); I Shot the Sheriff by Eric Clapton (#88); Old Home Filler-Up an' Keep On-a-Truckin' Cafe by C.W. McCall (#90); Summer Girl by Craig Ruhnke (#92); Pepper Box by the Peppers (#93); Brother and Me by Fludd (#94); Shang-a-Lang by Tinker's Moon (#95); People Gotta Move by Gino Vannelli (#96); Between Her Goodbye and My Hello by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#98); Anytime...Babe by David Clayton-Thomas (#99); and The Wall Street Shuffle by 10 C.C. (#100).

Calgary's top 10
1 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation
2 Annie's Song--John Denver
3 Clap for the Wolfman--The Guess Who
4 Waterloo--ABBA
5 Rikki Don't Lose that Number--Steely Dan
6 The Entertainer--Marvin Hamlisch
7 Rock and Roll Heaven--The Righteous Brothers
8 King of Nothing--Seals and Crofts
9 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--Elton John
10 Hickory--Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons
Pick hit of the week: If You Talk in Your Sleep--Elvis Presley

Died on this date
Allen Jenkins, 74
. U.S. actor. Mr. Jenkins was known for comic character roles in numerous movies and television programs.

War
Five days after Cypriot President Archbishop Makarios had been deposed in a coup by the Greek-dominated Cypriot National Guard, thousands of Turkish troops invaded northern Cyprus after talks in Athens broke down.

Baseball
Johnny Ellis singled home Rusty Torres and Frank Duffy with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Cleveland Indians a 10-9 win over the Oakland Athletics before 19,126 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland in the NBC Game of the Week telecast. Mr. Ellis batted 4 for 4 with 2 runs and 5 runs batted in, and hit his 7th home run of the season.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Nelson Mandela--The Special A.K.A. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Self Control--Laura Branigan (6th week at #1)

Politics and government
U.S. Democratic party presidential candidate Walter Mondale challenged President Ronald Reagan to six debates.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-2-1) 18 @ Calgary (2-2) 23

Baseball
The Toronto Blue Jays scored 11 runs in the top of the 9th inning and withstood a 4-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to defeat the Seattle Mariners 12-7 before 8,246 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle.

25 years ago
1989


Died on this date
Forrest H. Anderson, 76
. U.S. politician. Mr. Anderson, a Democrat, was Governor of Montana from 1969-1973. He shot himself to death at his home after several years of declining health.

Space
U.S. President George Bush, commemorating the 20th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing, called for a new national commitment to space. Saying he wanted to establish the United States as "the pre-eminent space-faring nation," Mr. Bush advocated an orbiting space station, a manned base on the moon, and a manned mission to Mars. It was estimated that these ventures would cost several hundred billion dollars.

World events
Burma's ruling junta put opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-1) 22 @ Hamilton (2-0) 28

20 years ago
1994


Diplomacy
Bosnian Serb leaders rejected a plan devised by the U.S.A., U.K., France, and Germany that would have given them 49% of Bosnian territory. The Serbs already held 72% of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (1-2) 21 @ Edmonton (2-1) 23

Sean Fleming's 33-yard field goal on the last play of regulation time gave the Eskimos the win over the Rough Riders before 27,188 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Terry Baker kicked 7 field goals for Ottawa, including one from 16 yards to give the Rough Riders a 21-20 lead with 33 seconds remaining. Ottawa running back Gerry Collins had the best game of his CFL career, rushing for 128 yards.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Scott Andrew Mink, 40
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Mink, a drunkard and drug addict, was executed by the state of Ohio for the September 19, 2000 murders of his parents.

Terrorism
Philippines President Gloria Magapagal-Arroyo acced to kidnappers' demands and ordered Filipino troops withdrawn from Iraq in order to secure the release of truck driver Angelo dela Cruz.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin introduced his new cabinet, newcomers to which included former hockey goaltending great Ken Dryden and British Columbia forestry executive David Emerson.

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution demanding that Israel comply with the International Court of Justice ruling on July 9 that the portion of Israel's security barrier cutting into occupied Palestinian land in the West Bank was illegal.

Saturday, July 19, 2014

July 19, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Chris Walker and Chris Woods!

1,950 years ago
64


Disasters
The Great Fire of Rome began in the merchant area of Rome and soon burnt completely out of control.

1,500 years ago
514


Died on this date
Symmachus
. Roman Catholic Pope, 498-514. Pope Symmachus succeeded Anastasius II, but there was a schism over who was the legitimate pope. Symachus was succeeded by Hormisdas.

200 years ago
1814


War
In the War of 1812, British troops under Lieutenant Colonel William McKay captured Fort Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, giving the British a base for potential 1815 attacks on St. Louis, Missouri, and down the Mississippi River.

150 years ago
1864


War
The Third Battle of Nanking concluded after four months with the Qing dynasty finally defeating the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom in the last major engagement of the Taiping Rebellion in China.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Marius Russo
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Russo played with the New York Yankees (1939-1943, 1946), compiling a record of 45-34 with an earned run average of 3.13 in 120 games. He was a member of World Series championship teams in 1939, 1941, and 1943. Mr. Russo died on March 26, 2005 at the age of 90.

75 years ago
1939

Baseball

Shortstop Arky Vaughan hit for the cycle and added another single in 5 trips to the plate to pace the Pittsburgh Pirates to a 10-3 win over the New York Giants before 3,331 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
Variety reported that the most popular songs in the U.S.A. were:
1 I'll Be Seeing You
2 Long Ago and Far Away
3 Amor

War
Canadian and British troops in France started Operation Goodwood/Atlantic, to secure Vaucelles and Colombelles, and prepare the breakthrough to Falaise. They advanced another 5 miles south of Caen and captured 12 towns and villages. U.S. troops captured the Italian west coast port of Livorno, while Polish forces took the east coast port of Ancona. Soviet forces advanced to within 8 1/2 miles of Lvov, Poland.

Politics and government
The British government announced the appointment of Field Marshal Viscount Gort as commander-in-chief for Palestine and high commissioner for Transjordan.

In his keynote address on the opening night of the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Oklahoma Governor Robert Kerr asked for continued support of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. U.S. Senator Harry Truman was named chairman of the Missouri delegation.

Labour
The U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington upheld the National War Labor Board's contention that its directives were not subject to court review.

The New York Court of Appeals ruled that the Railway Mail Association was a labour union and could not bar Negroes from membership.

Business
Pullman, Inc. announced that its dierectors had voted to give up operation of its sleeping car business and to retain its manufacturing units.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Streak--Ray Stevens (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Joe Flynn, 49
. U.S. actor. Mr. Flynn was best known for playing Captain Binghamton in the television comedy series McHale's Navy (1962-1966). He died of an apparent heart attack while swimming.

Politics and government
Spanish dictator Francisco Franco, hospitalized for treatment of phlebitis complicated by internal bleeding, temporarily delegated his powers as ruler to his designated successor, Juan Carlos de Borbon.

Scandal
U.S. Representative Frank Brasco (Democrat--New York) was convicted of conspiracy to take bribes in return for procuring a Post Office contract for a Mafia-controlled truck company. The one-count indictment charged that Mr. Brasco and his uncle, the late Joseph Brasco, had copnspired to receive $27,500 in 1968 to win a mail-hauling contract for a truck company owned by John Masiello, identified by federal authorities as a major Mafia figure in Westchester County, New York. Frank Brasco's first trial had ended in a hung jury.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (2-1-1) 15 @ Saskatchewan (2-1-1) 36

Saskatchewan quarterbacks Ron Lancaster, Jim Lindsey, and Randy Mattingly all threw touchdown passes, and George Reed rushed for 2 more Roughrider TDs before a power failure with less than 10 minutes remaining in the 4th quarter ended the game at Taylor Field in Regina.

Baseball
Dick Bosman pitched a no-hitter, with only his own throwing error in the 4th inning preventing him from pitching a perfect game, as the Cleveland Indians blanked the Oakland Athletics 4-0 before 24,302 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.

25 years ago
1984


Politics and government
In San Francisco, the Democratic National Convention unanimously nominated Geraldine Ferraro as its candidate for Vice-President of the United States. Mrs. Ferraro became the first woman to be nominated by a major party in the United States for such a high office. Accepting the nomination, she said, "America is a land where dreams can come true for all our citizens...There are no doors we cannot unlock. We will place no limit on achievement. If we can do this, we can do anything. Walter Mondale, accepting the Democratic party’s presidential nomination, castigated the administration of President Ronald Reagan on a variety of issues. He called for a "new realism" in public life, and took another bold step by warning that taxes would have to go up: "Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I. He won’t tell you. I just did."

In France, the Communist Party withdrew from the Socialist-led coalition government. Laurent Fabius, who had replaced Pierre Mauroy as Premier two days earlier, named a new cabinet.

Crime
The McDonald’s restaurant chain contributed $1 million to pay burial costs and assist survivors of the previous day’s massacre of 21 people at and near a McDonald’s restaurant in San Ysidro, California.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Minä olen muistanut--Kim Lönnholm (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Eternal Flame--Bangles (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Kazimierz Sabbat, 76
. Polish politician. Mr. Sabbat was Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile in 1976 and President of the government-in-exile from 1986 until his death.

Politics and government
Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski was elected President of Poland by the country’s new parliament. The vote was 270-233, with 34 abstentions.

Labour
The Siberian mine strikes were settled after workers won promises from the government for better pay, better living and working conditions, and "full economic and legal independence."

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported an increase in consumer prices in June of 0.2%, the smallest increase in 16 months.

Disasters
A United Airlines DC-10 jetliner en route from Denver to Chicago crashed during an arranged emergency landing at Sioux City, Iowa municipal airport. 112 were killed, while 184 survived. While the plane was at 37,000 feet, an engine in the tail exploded and heavily damaged the plane’s hydraulic system. For the next 41 minutes the pilot, Al Haynes, struggled to control the craft as he brought it into Sioux City for the emergency landing. Just before touchdown, the right wingtip touched the ground; the plane flipped over and crashed in a fireball. Because the plane broke up--the forward coach section landed in a cornfield--many passengers had easy means of fleeing the wreckage. A 700-person rescue team was prepared for the landing. The cause of the engine explosion was not immediately determined.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-1) 21 @ Ottawa (0-2) 17

This was the final game for Ottawa receiver Eugene Goodlow, who had led the CFL in receptions and yards receiving with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers in 1981 and had played with the New Orleans Saints of the NFL from 1983-1987 before attempting a comeback in the CFL in 1989.

Baseball
Joe Carter hit 3 home runs in a game for the second time this season to lead the Cleveland Indians to a 10-1 win over the Minnesota Twins before 22,504 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. It was Mr. Carter’s fourth career 3-home run game‚ tying Lou Gehrig's American League record‚ and also gave him a major league record-tying 5 homers in 2 games. Mr. Carter drove 6 runs in the game, while teammate Albert Belle hit his first major league home run.

20 years ago
1994


Law
The United States Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approved federal judge Stephen Breyer, a nominee of President Bill Clinton, as the latest member of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the trade deficit had increased slightly in May to $9.17 billion.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Zenkō Suzuki, 93
. Prime Minister of Japan, 1980-1982. Mr. Suzuki succeeded Masayoshi Ōhira as leader of the Liberal Democratic Party and Prime Minister upon Mr. Ōhira's death during the 1980 national election campaign. Mr. Suzuki elected not to run for re-election as president of the LDP, and was succeeded by Yasuhiro Nakasone.

Thursday, July 17, 2014

July 18, 2014

625 years ago
1389


War
France and England agreed to the Truce of Leulinghem, inaugurating a 13-year peace, the longest period of sustained peace during the Hundred Years' War.

200 years ago
1814


War
In the War of 1812, William McKay marched south with 150 Michigan Fencibles and a party of Green Bay Indians, capturing Prairie du Chien, Iowa and the U.S. gunboat Governor Clark. Eight traitors captured by British forces were hanged at Ancaster, Upper Canada.

100 years ago
1914


Defense
The U.S. Congress formed the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, giving official status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time.

80 years ago
1934


Baseball
The Cleveland Indians rallied for 3 runs in the 9th inning against Lefty Gomez to edge the New York Yankees 15-14 before 10,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland. The teams set an American League record with 22 players hitting safely.

75 years ago
1939


Died on this date
J. Louis Comiskey, 54
. U.S. baseball executive. Mr. Comiskey succeded his father Charles upon his death in 1931 as owner of the Chicago White Sox. Lou Comiskey died of heart disease, and ownership of the team passed to his widow Grace.

70 years ago
1944


War
British Bomber Command sent 100 Royal Air Force and Royal Canadian Air Force planes to help British and Canadian troops in France to break the German defense line at Caen. The ground troops then moved into open country east of the Orne River, gaining a few miles in attacks beyond Caen in Operation Goodwood/Atlantic to secure Vaucelles and Colombelles, preparing the way to break through the triangle to Falaise. U.S. troops in Italy reached the Arno River between Pisa and Florence at the town of Pontedera. The U.S. War Department announced that a Brazilian expeditionary force was in Italy. In a three-day-old offensive, Soviet troops advanced up to 31 miles along a 125-mile front between Tarnopol and Kovel.

Politics and government
Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tōjō and his cabinet resigned because "it was not able to achieve its objectives."

Track and field
Arne Andersson ran the mile in 4:01.6 in Malmo, Sweden, cutting a full second off the world record time.

60 years ago
1954


Died on this date
Machine Gun Kelly, 54
. U.S. gangster. Mr. Kelly, born George Barnes, was a bootlegger during the Prohibition era in the 1920s and early 1930s. Although he was known for brandishing a Thompson submachine gun, he was not known to have ever fired it. In 1933, he and his wife Kathryn kidnapped Oklahoma City oil tycoon Charles Urschel, and the Kellys were sentenced to life in prison. Mr. Kelly died of a heart attack on his 54th birthday in Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're My World (Il Mio Mondo)--Cilla Black (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: J'y Pense et Puis J'oublie--Claude François

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): In ginocchio da te--Gianni Morandi

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Liebeskummer lohnt sich nicht--Siw Malmkvist (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rag Doll--The 4 Seasons

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rag Doll--The 4 Seasons (2nd week at #1)
2 I Get Around--The Beach Boys
3 Memphis--Johnny Rivers
4 Can't You See that She's Mine--The Dave Clark Five
5 The Girl from Ipanema--Getz/Gilberto
6 My Boy Lollipop--Millie Small
7 The Little Old Lady (From Pasadena)--Jan & Dean
8 Dang Me--Roger Miller
9 A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles
10 Wishin' and Hopin'--Dusty Springfield

Singles entering the chart were Walk--Don't Run '64 by the Ventures (#63); People Say by the Dixie Cups (#70); How Do You Do It by Gerry and the Pacemakers (#72); Everybody Needs Somebody to Love by Solomon Burke (#74); Worry by Johnny Tillotson (#77); A Tear Fell by Ray Charles (#79); Ain't She Sweet by the Beatles (#81); Little Latin Lupe Lu by the Kingsmen (#86); It's a Sin to Tell a Lie (#87)/A Taste of Honey (#98) by Tony Bennett; I Should Have Known Better by the Beatles (#89); What's Happening to Me by Dale & Grace (#91); Looking for Love by Connie Francis (#92); It's a Cotton Candy World by Jerry Wallace (#93); Hey Girl Don't Bother Me by the Tams (#95); Sunny by Neil Sedaka (#97); and In the Misty Moonlight by Jerry Wallace (#99). I Should Have Known Better was the B-side of A Hard Day's Night, and is also from the movie.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): She--Charles Aznavour

World events
Bowing to pressure from the United Nations, Greece agreed to gradually replace the 650 Greek officers in the Cypriot National Guard, who had deposed Cypriot President Archbishop Makarios in a coup on July 15. The decision fell short of Turkey's demand for complete withdrawal of the officers.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-3) 16 @ Ottawa (5-0) 27
Edmonton (2-2) 15 @ Calgary (0-4) 14

WFL
Portland (0-2) 8 @ Memphis (2-0) 16

Alex Karras was the guest commentator on the TVS telecast, joining Merle Harmon and Alex Hawkins in the broadcast booth.

30 years ago
1984


Politics and government
Former U.S. Vice-President Walter Mondale was nominated on the first ballot at the Democratic National Convention in San Francisco as the party’s candidate for President of the United States. Mr. Mondale received 2,191 of the 3,933 votes cast; Senator Gary Hart received 1,200.5 votes, and Reverend Jesse Jackson got 465.5 votes. Sen. Hart, who asked that the nomination be made unanimous, appeared to leave the door open to another bid for the nomination in the future.

Crime
In what may have been the worst mass murder in United States history, James Huberty, a gun collector who had recently lost his job, shot 21 people to death and wounded 18 others in and near a McDonald’s restaurant in San Ysidro, California. Mr. Huberty’s motive was unknown. He carried three guns into the restaurant at about 4 P.M. and ordered everyone to lie down. He shot anyone who moved inside the restaurant and shot others who were outside. Many of the victims were children. The nightmare lasted about 77 minutes before Mr. Huberty was fatally felled by a single shot fired by Charles Foster, a member of the police SWAT team.

25 years ago
1989

Died on this date
Donnie Moore, 35
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Moore was a relief pitcher with the Chicago Cubs (1975, 1977-1979); St. Louis Cardinals (1980); Milwaukee Brewers (1981); Atlanta Braves (1982-1984); and California Angels (1985-1988), posting a record of 43-40 with 89 saves and an earned run average of 3.67 in 416 games. He was named to the American League team for the All-Star Game in 1985, a year in which he pitched in 57 games, postina an 8-8 record with 31 saves and a 1.92 ERA. Mr. Moore shot himself after shooting and critically injuring his wife Tonya as their 10-year-old son watched. Mr. Moore had been the ace relief pitcher with the California Angels several years earlier, but his career unravelled after he gave up a home run to Dave Henderson of the Boston Red Sox in game 5 of the 1986 American League Championship Series when the Angels were just one strike away from winning the pennant. An Angel win would have given them the series 4 game to 1. Instead, the Red Sox scored another run off Mr. Moore in the 11th inning to win game 5 in Anaheim and the last 2 games in Boston to win the ALCS 4 games to 3. Mr. Moore never got over his game 5 failure, saying about the home run pitch to Mr. Henderson, "I’ll think about that until the day I die." His most recent position had been with the Omaha Royals of the American Association, but the Royals had released him on June 12, 1989 after he had posted a 1-2 record with a 6.39 ERA in 7 games.

Rebecca Schaeffer, 21. U.S. actress. Miss Schaeffer co-starred in the television comedy series My Sister Sam (1986-1988) and appeared in the movie Scenes from the Class Struggle in Beverly Hills (1989). She was fatally shot in the doorway of her Los Angeles apartment building by a stalker named Robert Bardo, who was sentenced to life in prison without possibility of parole.

Politics and government
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, addressing the Central Committee of the Communist Party, called for "a flow of fresh blood" within the party, and warned that he was ready to purge more party leaders.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the merchandise trade deficit had widened in May to $10.24 billion.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-0) 42 @ British Columbia (0-2) 37

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Wild Night--John Mellencamp with Me’shell Ndegeocello
2 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base
3 I Swear--All-4-One
4 If You Go--Jon Secada
5 Can You Feel the Love Tonight--Elton John
6 Crazy--Aerosmith
7 Anytime You Need a Friend--Mariah Carey
8 Shine--Collective Soul
9 Take it Back--Pink Floyd
10 Night in My Veins--The Pretenders

Singles entering the chart were Fumbling Towards Ecstasy by Sarah McLachlan (#71); Rocket by Smashing Pumpkins (#78); You Better Wait by Steve Perry (#85); Time of the Season by the Nylons (#86); The Boneyard Tree by the Watchmen (#93); Rock It by the Steve Miller Band (#96); and Assoholic by 54-40 (#97).

Died on this date
Tug, 13
. U.S.-born Canadian miniature schnauzer. Named after baseball pitcher Tug McGraw because of his character, Tug was a good little pal to this blogger and his family, and remains much missed.

Terrorism
85 people--most of them Jewish--were killed, and 300 injured, when a car bomb exploded near the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (Argentine Jewish Community Centre) in Buenos Aires.

World events
The rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front, consisting mainly of the minority Tutsi tribe, took control of Gisenyi and northwestern Rwanda, forcing the interim government--consisting mainly of the minority Hutu tribe--into Zaire and ending the genocide.

Economics and finance
Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien and the provincial premiers signed an internal trade agreement to end trade barriers among provinces.

10 years ago
2004


Diplomacy
Canada recalled its ambassador to Iran in protest after Iran reneged on a promise to allow Canadian observers to attend the trial of the intelligence agent charged with the killing in Iran of Canadian photojournalist Zahra Kazemi. The accused was acquitted the following week, prompting an expression of dissatisfaction from Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Pierre Pettigrew.

Golf
Todd Hamilton finished 1 stroke ahead of Ernie Els in a 4-hole playoff to win the British Open on the Old Course at Royal Troon Golf Club in Troon, Scotland. First prize money was £720,000 ($1,348,272).

Wednesday, July 16, 2014

July 17, 2014

260 years ago
1754


Academia
Kings College opened in New York City. The Anglican school later became Columbia University.

175 years ago
1839


Born on this date
Ephraim Shay
. U.S. inventor. Mr. Shay invented the Shay locomotive for hauling logs in 1880 or 1881. He died on April 19, 1916 at the age of 76.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Erle Stanley Gardner
. U.S. author. Mr. Gardner was a lawyer who became bored with the practice of law and began writing fiction. He was best known for creating the crime-solving lawyer Perry Mason. 135 million copies of Mr. Gardner's books were in print at the time of his death on March 11, 1970 at the age of 80.

90 years ago
1924


Baseball
Jesse Haines pitched a no-hitter as the St. Louis Cardinals blanked the Boston Braves 5-0 before 15,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Only 1 of the St. Louis runs was earned.

80 years ago
1934


Baseball
New York Giants’ pitcher Roy Parmelee helped his cause with a grand slam in the 7th inning as the Giants beat the Chicago Cubs 5-3 at the Polo Grounds in New York.

70 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Sinister Wind Bells

War
The Royal Canadian Navy, now controlling all Battle of the Atlantic escort forces, escorted World War II's largest convoy of 167 ships into the Atlantic Ocean, meeting no opposition from German U-boats. Napalm incendiary bombs were dropped for the first time by American P-38 pilots on a fuel depot at Coutances, near Saint-Lô, France. U.S. troops established themselves in the outskirts of Saint-Lô, while advancing units pushed into the city.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declined to dictate the renomination of Henry Wallace for Vice President in the November 1944 election, leaving the choice to delegates to the Democratic National Convention. United Mine Workers Journal endorsed Republican Party candidate Thomas Dewey for President.

The United States War Department said that 20 states had authorized the use of the federal ballot by their citizens in the armed services.

Japanese Navy Minister Admiral Shigetaro Shimada was replaced by Admiral Naokuni Nomura.

Disasters
Two ships laden with ammunition for the war exploded in Port Chicago, California, near San Francisco Bay, killing 320.

60 years ago
1954


Hit Parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Young at Heart--Frank Sinatra (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen (Best Seller--7th week at #1; Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Jukebox--4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Three Coins in the Fountain--The Four Aces
--Frank Sinatra
2 Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen
3 Hernando's Hideaway--Archie Bleyer
4 The Happy Wanderer--Frank Weir and his Orchestra
--Henri Rene's Musette
5 The Little Shoemaker--The Gaylords
--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra
6 Sh-Boom--The Crew-Cuts
--The Chords
7 If You Love Me (Really Love Me)--Kay Starr
--Vera Lynn
8 I Understand Just How You Feel--The Four Tunes
--June Valli
9 Wanted--Perry Como
10 Young at Heart--Frank Sinatra

Singles entering the chart were Mink Schmink by Eartha Kitt (#23); Boulevard of Nightingales by Tony Martin (#37); and Cinnamon Sinner by Tony Bennett (#39).

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): It's Over--Roy Orbison (3rd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles
2 Thank You Girl--The Beatles
3 As Long as I'm Sure of You--Bobby Curtola
4 Can't You See that She's Mine--The Dave Clark Five
5 Lucky Star--Rick Nelson
6 Memphis--Johnny Rivers
7 C'mon Everybody--Elvis Presley
8 All My Loving--The Beatles
9 Dang Me--Roger Miller
10 A World Without Love--Peter and Gordon
Pick hit of the week: Ringo's Theme (This Boy)--George Martin and his Orchestra
New this week: Maybe I Know--Lesley Gore
Such a Night--Elvis Presley
Wah-Wahini--The Rip Chords
Hawaii--Gene Pitney
Ain't She Sweet--The Beatles
I'll Cry Instead--The Beatles

Hawaii was the B-side of It Hurts to Be in Love. Ain't She Sweet was recorded when Pete Best was the Beatles' drummer; the B-side, Nobody's Child, was credited to The Beatles with Tony Sheridan, with the Beatles backing up Mr. Sheridan's vocal. I'll Cry Instead was intended for the soundtrack of the movie A Hard Day's Night, but was left out; the song appeared in a short prologue when the movie was rereleased in 1982.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes

Died on this date
Dizzy Dean, 64
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Jay Hanna Dean, one of the most colourful players in major league history, played with the St. Louis Cardinals (1930, 1932-1937); Chicago Cubs (1938-1941); and St. Louis Browns (1947), compiling a record of 150 wins and 83 losses. From 1932-1936 he was one of the major leagues' best pitchers, winning 120 games. Mr. Dean became the most recent National League pitcher to win 30 games in a season when he went 30-7 in 1934 and won 2 more games in the World Series as the "Gashouse Gang" Cardinals defeated the Detroit Tigers in 7 games. Mr. Dean's career began to go downhill in the 1937 All-Star Game when a line drive by Earl Averill of the Cleveland Indians broke his big toe. Mr. Dean returned to action too soon, changed his pitching motion in an attempt to minimize the pain from the injury, and damaged his arm beyond repair. Mr. Dean became a broadcaster of baseball games on radio and television after his playing career, and was known and loved for mangling the English language. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1953.

Dorothy Household, 47. U.K. terrorism victim. Ms. Household was killed and 41 others, including 8 children, were injured--some seriously--when a bomb exploded in the Tower of London.

World events
Two days after being deposed as President of Cyprus in a coup by the Cypriot National Guard, Archbishop Makarios flew from Malta to London to rally international support. He and Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit met with British Prime Minister Harold Wilson and Foreign Secretary James Callaghan in an attempt to ease the situation.

Politics and government
Portuguese leader General Antonio da Spinola named a new cabinet in which half the posts went to military officers, most of whom belonged to the Armed Forces Movement which had overthrown the dictatorship of Prime Minister Marcello Caetano in April.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (4-0) 41 @ Hamilton (1-3) 10

WFL
Birmingham (2-0) 32 @ New York (1-1) 29
Florida (2-0) 18 @ Detroit (0-2) 14
Jacksonville (1-1) 22 @ Chicago (2-0) 25
Philadelphia (1-1) 0 @ Houston (1-1) 11
Hawaii (0-2) 31 @ Southern California (1-1) 38

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Big in Japan--Alphaville (6th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. initialled an agreement to modernize the "hot line" between their capitals. The agreement provided for a high-speed facsimile transmission system that would triple the speed of word transmission and could transmit graphic material such as maps and charts.

In West Germany during a week-long six-nation tour to build support for his government, Salvadoran President Jose Napoleon Duarte obtained the West German government’s agreement to lift its five-year ban on aid to El Salvador.

Politics and government
At the Democratic National Convention in San Francisco, Rev. Jesse Jackson delivered an emotional appeal on behalf of "the desperate, the damned, the disinherited, the disrespected, and the despised." Rev. Jackson said that if "I have caused anyone discomfort, created pain or revived someone’s fears, that was not my truest self." This was in apparent reference to Rev. Jackson’s comments earlier in the campaign when he called New York City "Hymietown," an anti-Jewish slur. Delegates rejected Rev. Jackson's platform planks, calling for reductions in military spending, and an end to runoff primaries in the South.

Pierre Mauroy resigned as Premier of France.

The Sandanista government of Nicaragua announced that Daniel Ortega, coordinator of the junta, would be its candidate in the presidential election.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Look--Roxette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Look--Roxette (4th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM):
1 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals (3rd week at #1)
2 Express Yourself--Madonna
3 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
4 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
5 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
6 This Time I Know it's for Real--Donna Summer
7 The Doctor--The Doobie Brothers
8 Satisfied--Richard Marx
9 Batdance--Prince
10 I Drove All Night--Cyndi Lauper

Singles entering the chart were Joy and Pain by Rob Base and D.J. EZ Rock (#77); It Isn't, It Wasn't, It Ain't Never Gonna Be by Aretha Franklin and Whitney Houston (#79); All the Things I Wasn't by the Grapes of Wrath (#85); Don't Wanna Lose You by Gloria Estefan (#86); Headed for a Heartbreak by Winger (#89); Slavery by Annette Ducharme (#91); Different Drummer by Tom Cochrane & Red Rider (#92); and Night Train by Guns 'N' Roses (#94).

Diplomacy
Diplomatic relations between Poland and Vatican City were restored.

U.S. President George Bush, fresh from the G7 summit in Paris, visited the Netherlands.

Defense
The Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit--better known as the Stealth Bomber--made its first flight from United States Air Force Plant 42 at Palmdale, California.

Labour
Miners at 8 mines in the Donetsk Basin in Ukraine walked out on their jobs. Walkouts which had begun in Siberia a week earlier had now spread to the surrounding Kuznetsky Basin, a major coal region. The strikes became a factor in the debate over Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev’s program of perestroika, or restructuring.

Music
The Jeff Healey Band performed at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. It was a great concert, but the band was ear-splittingly loud. The opening act was a group from Calgary called the Blasters. This blogger paid $22 for his ticket.

Baseball
The Toronto Blue Jays swept the first doubleheader ever played at SkyDome in Toronto, defeating the California Angles 6-4 and 5-4 before 48,641 fans. David Wells, pitching in relief, was the winning pitcher in both games, with Tom Henke picking up the saves in both games.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Eins, zwei, polizei--Mo-Do (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: 7 Seconds--Youssou N'Dour and Neneh Cherry

#1 single in the U.K.: Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (8th week at #1)

Golf
Nick Price won the British Open at Turnberry Golf Resort in South Ayrshire, Scotland with a 12-under-par score of 268, 1 stroke ahead of Jesper Parnevik. First prize money was £110,000 ($178,200).

Soccer
FIFA World Cup
Final @ Rose Bowl, Pasadena, California
Brazil 3 Italy 2 (penalty kicks)

After 120 minutes of scoreless play before a crowd of 94,194, Brazil won the first World Cup to be decided on penalty kicks. Roberto Baggio of Italy missed a free shot into the net from 12 yards to decide the game after Dunga had scored what ultimately became the winning goal.

Hockey
NHL
Two days after quitting as head coach of the Stanley Cup champion New York Rangers because of an alleged violation of his contract, Mike Keenan became head coach of the St. Louis Blues.

10 years ago
2004


Politics and government
Palestinian Prime Minister Ahmed Qurei submitted his resignation to leader Yasser Arafat following days of unrest in the Gaza Strip. Mr. Arafat refused to accept the resignation.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (3-2) 30 @ Edmonton (2-3) 51

July 16, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Campbell Milton and Carmen Reyes Zubiaga!!

960 years ago
1054


Religion
In what is frequently described by historians as the start of the East–West Schism, three Roman legates broke relations between Western and Eastern Christian Churches through the act of placing an invalidly-issued Papal bull of Excommunication on the altar of Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Larry Semon
. U.S. movie actor, director, and producer. Mr. Semon was one of the major figures of silent film comedy from 1915-1928. His best-known film was probably The Wizard of Oz (1925). Mr. Semon ran up big budgets on his films, which eventually led to his bankruptcy. He suffered a nervous breakdown and reportedly died in a sanatorium of pneumonia and tuberculosis on October 8, 1928 at the age of 39.

90 years ago
1924


Society
Saskatchewan repealed the prohibition of liquor, which had been in place since 1916, bringing in government control of sales.

70 years ago
1944


War
British troops in France pushed forward in a 6-mile front between the Odon and Orne Rivers. British troops crossed the Arno River in central Italy and established a bridgehead just south of Castiglion Fibocchi. Soviet troops captured Grodno, 45 miles east of the prewar border of East Prussia. U.S. planes and ships completed 13 consecutive days of attacks on Japanese-held Guam.

Diplomacy
The Polish government-in-exile in London published a pamphelt summing up claims to East Prussia, Danzig, and the Polish Corridor, which it said must become part of postwar Poland.

Economics and finance
The United States Chamber of Commerce published its reconversion program which, among other things, called for government aid to industry.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cara Mia--David Whitfield (3rd week at #1)

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): It's All Over Now--The Rolling Stones

Politics and government
In accepting the Republican Party's nomination for President of the United States for the November 1964 election, U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater (Arizona) addressed the party's convention in San Francisco and declared Communism as a "principal disturber of the peace in the world today" and said, "I would remind you that extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice. And let me remind you also that moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue." Rep. William Miller (New York), who had been chairman of the Republican National Committee since 1961, was nominated unanimously as the party's vice presidential candidate.

Environment
The Canadian Parliament passed a bill extending Canada's fishing limit to 12 miles.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
British Columbia (0-1) 6 @ Ottawa (1-0) 21
Calgary (1-1) 12 @ Toronto (1-0) 15

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Pot pour rire Mr le Président--Patrick Green & Olivier Lejeune (7th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The day after the Cypriot National Guard had toppled President Archbishop Makarios in a violent coup, the United Nations Security Council met to discuss the coup, but failed to act. The United States engaged in intensive diplomatic exchanges with Greece and Turkey to keep "a very dangeous situation" under control.

World events
The number of prominent Ethiopian officials arrested since the army had taken virtual control of Addis Ababa on June 28 now numbered 80, including Defense Minister Lieutenant General Abebe Abye.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (2-0-1) 21 @ British Columbia (1-3) 15

Baseball
PCL
All-Star Game @ Tacoma
East 8 West 1 (6 innings)

Charlie Manuel of the Albuquerque Dukes hit a home run and a single and was named the game's most valuable player as the East routed the West before 1,871 fans in a game called by rain after 6 innings.

The Great Falls Giants scored 9 runs in the 1st inning, 11 in the 2nd, and 8 in the 5th as they routed the Ogden Spikers 32-14 in a Pioneer League game in Great Falls that was called after 8 innings because of a curfew. The total of 46 runs was a league record for greatest number of runs in s game by both clubs.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go--Wham!

Politics and government
In San Francisco, the Democratic National Convention opened with New York Governor Mario Cuomo delivering a whining speech about "the family of America" and saying that the nation, often called "a shining city on a hill" by President Ronald Reagan, should instead be seen as "a tale of two cities," rich and poor, with the latter being excluded by Mr. Reagan’s policies.

In Nicaragua, the Social Democratic Party said that its presidential candidate in the election would be its party leader, Adan Fletes.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: The Look--Roxette (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Herbert von Karajan, 81
. Austrian orchestra conductor. Mr. Karajan was one of the 20th century's most famous conductors, and was music director of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra from 1955 until his death.

Diplomacy
The leaders of the world’s seven largest industrial nations, at their annual summit in Paris, issued a statement that focused far more on the environment than in the past, calling for more effort to eliminate the emission of gases that threatened to alter the world’s climate. They also endorsed debt restructuring as a means of encouraging backward countries to protect their natural resources.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Swear--All-4-One (9th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 Any Time, Any Place/And On and On--Janet Jackson
2 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base
3 I Swear--All-4-One
4 Anytime You Need a Friend--Mariah Carey
5 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton
6 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories
7 If You Go--Jon Secada
8 Back and Forth--Aaliyah
9 I'll Remember--Madonna
10 Can You Feel the Love Tonight--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were You Let Your Heart Go Too Fast by Spin Doctors (#73); You Better Wait by Steve Perry (#77); The Right Kinda Lover by Patti LaBelle (#85); Distant Sun by Crowded House (#87); and Happiness by Billy Lawrence (#90).

Died on this date
Julian Schwinger, 76
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Schwinger shared the 1965 Nobel Prize in Physics with Richard Feynman and Sin-Itiro Tomonaga "for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles."

Space
Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 collided with Jupiter. Impacts continued until July 22.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-1) 42 @ Baltimore (1-1) 16
Toronto (1-1) 35 @ Shreveport (0-2) 34
Saskatchewan (1-1) 22 @ Las Vegas (2-0) 32 (OT)

Doug Flutie passed for 2 touchdowns and rushed for another, and PeeWee Smith returned a punt 57 yards for a touchdown as the Stampeders beat the Baltimore Football Club before 39,247 fans in the first CFL regular season game to be played at Memorial Stadium.

Mike Kerrigan threw 2 touchdown passes as the Argonauts scored 17 straight points in the 4th quarter to defeat the Pirates before 20,624 fans in the first CFL regular season game to be played at Independence Stadium.

Carlos Huerta kicked a 53-yard field goal and converted Zed Robinson's touchdown rush as the Posse outscored the Roughriders 10-0 in overtime before 12,213 fans in the first CFL regular season game to be played at Sam Boyd Stadium. Las Vegas quarterback Anthony Calvillo threw touchdown passes to Curtis Mayfield and Kalin Hall. The game was played in 105 F.-heat, which took a toll on the Roughriders.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Charles Sweeney, 84
. U.S. military officer. Mr. Sweeney was a U.S. Army Air Forces pilot in World War II, and flew Bocks Car, the plane that carried the Fat Man atomic bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. He later joined the United States Air Force, rising to the rank of Major General.

George Busbee, 77. U.S. politician. Mr. Busbee, a Democrat, succeeded Jimmy Carter as Governor of Georgia, serving from 1975-1983.

Defense
The director of the Los Alamos nuclear weapons laboratory shut down operations after a series of security and safety lapses, including the disappearance of classified information.

Scandal
Interior decoration magnate Martha Stewart was sentenced to five months in prison and five months of house arrest and fined $30,000 after being convicted of four counts of obstruction of justice and lying to federal investigators regarding her sale of stock in ImClone.

Disasters
More than 80 children died when an elementary school caught fire in southern India.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (2-2) 29 @ Ottawa (3-2) 1
Toronto (3-2) 17 @ Saskatchewan (1-4) 12

Monday, July 14, 2014

July 15, 2014

225 years ago
1789


Defense
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, was named by acclamation Colonel General of the new National Guard of Paris.

180 years ago
1834


World events
The Spanish Inquisition was officially disbanded by a Royal Decree signed by regent Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, King Ferdinand VII's liberal widow, during the minority of Queen Isabella II and with the approval of the President of the Cabinet, Francisco Martínez de la Rosa.

80 years ago
1934

Baseball

The Detroit Tigers, behind the pitching of Schoolboy Rowe, defeated the New York Yankees 8-3 before 26,000 fans at Navin Field in Detroit to extend their lead over the Yankees in the American League to 1½ games. Lou Gehrig led the Yankees’ attack with 3 doubles and a single in 4 at bats.

75 years ago
1939

Baseball

The Cincinnati Reds defeated the New York Giants 8-4 before 17,881 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York in a game that featured a rhubarb over a ball hit near the left field foul line by Harry Craft of the Reds. Billy Jurges of the Giants and umpire George Magerkurth spat at each other, and both ended up being suspended for 10 days and fined $150.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Seeing You--Bing Crosby (2nd week at #1)

War
The U.S. Navy announced that it had reached its manpower goal of 3,650,000 and was accepting 10,000 men per month as replacements. U.S. forces in France entered he outskirts of Lessay, western anchor of the German defense line in France. British troops overcame the last defenses of Arezzo, a key central Italian city in the German defense line. Soviet units outflanked Grodno and Kaunas, bastions guarding the way to East Prussia. A Japanese effort to smash through the American defense line at Aitape, New Guinea failed at the Driniumor River.

Diplomacy
Berlin radio confirmed reports that Nazi ambassador Franz von Papen had left Istanbul; reports that the Turkish government planned to break diplomatic relations with the Axis were not confirmed.

The United Nations Relief and Recovery Administration announced its recognition of the provisional French government led by General Charles de Gaulle.

Dr. Arturo Romero of El Salvador proposed that the five Central American nations form a federation for mutual benefit.

Economics and finance
The 44-nation Bretton Woods conference proposed an international stabilization currency fund of $8.8 billion.

60 years ago
1954


Aviation
The Boeing 367-80 ("Dash 80"), prototype for both the Boeing 707 and C-135 series jets, was given its first flight.

50 years ago
1964


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 35.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona was nominated for President of the United States at the Republican National Convention in San Francisco.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Christine Chubbuck, 29
. U.S. journalist. Miss Chubbuck, a reporter with WXLT-TV in Sarasota, Florida, hosted the morning program Suncoast Digest. She died 14 hours after shooting herself while doing her program live on the air.

World events
The Cypriot National Guard, led by 650 Greek officers, overthrew the government of President Archbishop Makarios in a violent coup. Former terrorits Nikos Sampson was named the new President, while Archbishop Makarios fled to Paphos, and then to Malta. The British government, one of the guarantors with Greece and Turkey of an independent Cyprus, urged Turkey and Greece to exercise restraint. Turkey announced that it would not accept "any fait accompli" in Cyprus and expressed concern for Cyprus's Turkish minority, about 18% of the population. Turkish Premier Bulent Ecevit charged that the coup constituted an intervention by Greece in Cyprus, while Greece termed the coup an internal affair of an independent state.

Terrorism
Armed convicts Frank Gorham and Otis Wilkerson, who had taken seven hostages in the basement cell block of the U.S. courthouse in Washington, D.C. on July 11, quietly surrendered to authorities after failing to obtain free passage out of the United States, and the day after all the hostages had escaped.

Crime
Elmer Wayne Henley, an 18-year-old high school dropout, was convicted by a jury in San Antonio of murdering six youths. Though accused of participating with Dean Corll in homosexual tortures and murders of at least 26 teenaged boys, he had named the six youths in a written confession following his arrest in August 1973.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (1-1-1) 15 @ Winnipeg (1-2) 30

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Susanna--The Art Company (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Self Control--Laura Branigan (3rd week at #1)

Football
CFL
British Columbia (2-0) 39 @ Toronto (1-2) 29
Montreal (1-1) 32 @ Saskatchewan (0-2-1) 16

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Look--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Johnny, Johnny Come Home--Avalanche (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Viva la Mamma--Edoardo Bennato

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): No More Boleros--Gerard Joling (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Back to Life (However Do You Want Me)--Soul II Soul featuring Caron Wheeler (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals (2nd week at #1)
2 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
3 Express Yourself--Madonna
4 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
5 I Drove All Night--Cyndi Lauper
6 Satisfied--Richard Marx
7 This Time I Know it's for Real--Donna Summer
8 Miss You Like Crazy--Natalie Cole
9 Toy Soldiers--Martika
10 What You Don't Know--Expose

Singles entering the chart were If I Could Turn Back Time by Cher (#74); 18 and Life by Skid Row (#90); and Turned Away by Chuckii Booker (#94).

Economics and finance
The leaders of the world’s seven largest industrial nations, at their annual summit in Paris, endorsed increased western economic aid for Poland and Hungary, where far-ranging reforms were taking place.

Baseball
Before an Old-Timers Day crowd of 50,124 at Yankee Stadium, the Kansas City Royals defeated the New York Yankees 7-1. Bobby Davidson made his only major league appearance, pitching the 9th inning for the Yankees. He gave up a 2-run home run to George Brett. Mr. Davidson's story was told in the book Once Around the Bases by Richard Tellis, published in 1998.

20 years ago
1994


Hockey
NHL
One month after leading the New York Rangers to their first Stanley Cup championship in 54 years, Mike Keenan announced that he was stepping down as their head coach because a delayed bonus payment, in his view, voided his contract.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (2-0) 57 @ Ottawa (1-1) 18

Kent Austin passed for 4 touchdowns and Cory Philpot rushed for 2 more as the Lions routed the Rough Riders before 20,069 fans at Frank Clair Stadium.

10 years ago
2004


Health
The United Nations Development Program reported that life expectancy in seven African nations had dropped to below 40 years, largely because of the spread of AIDS.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-3) 23 @ Montreal (5-0) 42