Saturday, 13 April 2019

April 11, 2019

330 years ago
1689


Britannica
William III and Mary II were crowned at Westminster as joint sovereigns.

225 years ago
1794


Born on this date
Edward Everett
. U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Everett was a Unitarian pastor who was associated with several political parties, most notably the Whig Party from 1834-1854. He represented Massachusetts' 4th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1825-1835); was Governor of Massachusetts (1836-1840); served as U.S. Minister to the United Kingdom (1841-1845); was U.S. Secretary of State in the administration of President Millard Fillmore (1852-1853); and represented Massachusetts in the United States Senate (1853-1854). Mr. Everett was the best-known orator in the United States, and was the featured speaker at the dedication of Gettysburg National Cemetery in November 1863; his two-hour speech immediately preceded President Abraham Lincoln's two-minute Gettysburg Address. Mr. Everett died at the age of 70 on January 15, 1865, six days after catching a bad cold.

210 years ago
1809


War
British forces commanded by Admiral Lord Gambier and French forces commanded by Vice Admiral Zacharie Allemand began the naval Battle of the Basque Roads at the mouth of the Charente River on the Biscay coast of France.

150 years ago
1869


Born on this date
Gustav Vigeland
. Norwegian sculptor. Mr. Vigeland, born Adolf Gustav Thorsen, was regarded as Norway's most talented sculptor. He designed the Vigeland installation (Vigelandsanlegget) in Oslo's Frogner Park, and also designed the Nobel Peace Prize medal. Mr. Vigeland died on March 12, 1943, 30 days before his 74th birthday.

120 years ago
1899


War
The Treaty of Paris, ending the Spanish-American War, went into effect as the documents of ratification were exchanged.

110 years ago
1909


Asiatica
The city of Tel Aviv was founded.

100 years ago
1919


Politics and government
The constitution of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was enacted; the government was formed two days later.

80 years ago
1939


Died on this date
S.S. Van Dine, 50
. U.S. author. Mr. Van Dine, whose real name was Willard Huntington Wright, was an art critic who became an author of crime fiction, writing under the name S.S. Van Dine in 12 novels featuring the detective Philo Vance, published from 1926-1939. He created another fictional detective, Dr. Crabtree, a character in 12 short films from 1931-1932. Mr. Van Dine died from a heart condition exacerbated by heavy drinking.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 3 @ Toronto 1 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Bobby Bauer, Roy Conacher, and Jack Crawford scored in the 3rd period for the Bruins as they overcame a 1-0 deficit to defeat the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens.

75 years ago
1944


Literature
Dodd Mead & Company and Redbook magazine announced that Dorothea Cornwell was the winner of their joint fiction prize of $10,000 for her novel They Dare Not Go A' Hunting.

War
German reinforcements broke into the Soviet ring around Nazi forces in the Skala region and joined their comrades. Japanese troops wung around north of Kohima in the Indian state of Manipur in an effort to encircle the city.

Politics and government
Hungarian exiles in England formed a government under the leadership of former President Count Michael Karolyi.

Diplomacy
U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace announced plans to visit China in the late spring or early summer as a representative of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Disasters
34 people were killed and more than 100 injured in a tornado that caused heavy damage at several points in Arkansas.

70 years ago
1949


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Mad Miners of Cardiff

Crime
Freda Linton, the last of 20 suspects sought in connection with the 1946 Soviet espionage case, surrendered in Montreal.

Defense
The U.S. Senate passed a House of Representatives-approved measure authorizing $75 million for construction of an Air Force rocket testing range.

Politics and government
The South African Parliament passed a constitutional amendment granting parliamentary representation to South-West Africa, a step toward incorporation of the territory into South Africa.

Basketball
BAA
Finals
Minneapolis 65 @ Washington 74 (Minneapolis led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Kleggie Hermsen and Jack Nichols each scored 13 points to help the Capitols defeat the Lakers before 3,840 fans at Uline Arena. George Mikan of Minneapolis led all scorers with 22 points.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Side Saddle--Russ Conway (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods
2 Venus--Frankie Avalon
3 Pink Shoe Laces--Dodie Stevens
4 It's Just a Matter of Time--Brook Benton
5 (Now and Then There’s) A Fool Such as I--Elvis Presley
6 Never Be Anyone Else But You--Ricky Nelson
7 Charlie Brown--The Coasters
8 I Need Your Love Tonight--Elvis Presley
9 Guitar Boogie Shuffle--The Virtues
10 Since I Don't Have You--The Skyliners

Singles entering the chart were I Still Get a Thrill (Thinking of You) by Joni James (#66); Love Me in the Daytime by Doris Day (#72); Bonaparte's Retreat by Billy Grammer (#77); I Told Myself a Lie by Clyde McPhatter (#80); The Walls Have Ears by Patti Page (#83); I Need Your Lovin' by Roy Hamilton (#88); Very Much in Love by Johnny Mathis (#90); Goodbye Jimmy, Goodbye by Kathy Linden (#93); Two Brothers by David Hill (#94); Jo-Jo the Dog-Faced Boy by Annette (#96); Lonely for You by Gary Stites (#98); and Quiet Village by Martin Denny (#99). Bonaparte's Retreat was the other side of The Kissing Tree, charting at #100.

Died on this date
Clement Jumelle, 42
. Haitian politician. Mr. Jumelle was the National Party candidate for President in 1957, but dropped out of the race on election day, believing that the election was rigged in favour of François Duvalier. Mr. Jumelle received 1.1% of the vote, finishing well behind Mr. Duvalier and runner-up Louis Déjoie. Mr. Dumelle died in the Cuban embassy in Port-au-Prince, where he and his wife had recently been granted asylum.

Space
William H. Pickering, Director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California, announced America's plans for a manned lunar mission "within the next 5 to 10 years". Speaking to a group of Caltech alumni, Pickering said that the Nova rocket, once perfected, would "be able to transport two or three men to the moon and return them to earth."

Americana
President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed a 34-member advisory committee to help plan a national culture centre in Washington.

Politics and government
The U.S. Republican National Committee elected Senator Thruston Morton (Kentucky) as its chairman.

Academia
The South African House of Assembly approved a university segregation bill forbidding racially mixed student bodies at any S.A. college or university.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 1 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Claude Provost scored with 14:58 remaining in regulation time to break a 1-1 tie, and scored again with 1:27 remaining as the Canadiens defeated the Maple Leafs at the Montreal Forum.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
2 Galveston--Glen Campbell
3 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears
4 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant
5 Gitarzan--Ray Stevens
6 Hot Smoke & Sasafrass--The Bubble Puppy
7 November Snow--Rejoice
8 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
9 Hair--The Cowsills
10 What Can the Matter Be--The Poppy Family

Singles entering the chart were Brother Love's Travelling Salvation Show by Neil Diamond (#27); Morning Girl by Neon Philharmonic (#28); The Boxer by Simon and Garfunkel (#29); and Love is All I Have to Give by the Checkmates, Ltd. (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension (2nd week at #1)
2 Galveston--Glen Campbell
3 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
4 Long Green--The Fireballs
5 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
6 Time of the Season--The Zombies
7 Mendocino--Sir Douglas Quintet
8 Condition Red--The Goodees
9 Brother Love's Travelling Salvation Show--Neil Diamond
10 Hot Smoke & Sasafrass--The Bubble Puppy

Died on this date
Al Kaiser, 82
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Kaiser was an outfielder with the Chicago Cubs (1911); Boston Rustlers/Braves (1911-1912); and Indianapolis Hoosiers (1914), batting .216 with 3 home runs and 38 runs batted in in 155 games. He played at least 172 games in at least 4 seasons in the minor leagues from 1908-1913.

Music
The single Get Back/Don't Let Me Down by the Beatles with Billy Preston was released on Apple Records.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Molniya 1-11, eleventh in the Soviet international communications satellite network.

Politics and government
A draft bill making New Brunswick the only officially bilingual province in Canada was adopted unanimously in the Legislative Assembly.

Academia
Using "police brutality" as a rallying cry, the student revolt at Harvard University continued when demonstrators called for a three-day strike. Although the faculty had already voted to deny academic credit for Reserve Officers Training Corps courses, a prime demand of the protesters was abolition of ROTC. Also at issue were reform of the university government, and a black studies program.

Transportation
U.S. President Richard Nixon sharply reduced transpacific airline route awards originally made by his predecessor, Lyndon Johnson. Mr. Nixon cancelled major awards to Continental Airlines, deleted a minor award to Braniff International, allowed Trans World Airlines to flay around the world, and confirmed only part of the route increases for Pan American and Northwest Orient.

Baseball
Gary Bell pitched a 9-hit shutout and doubled home 2 runs in the 6th inning to lead the Seattle Pilots over the Chicago White Sox 7-0 before 14,993 fans at Sick's Stadium in the Pilots' first home game ever. Don Mincher hit a 2-run home run in the 3rd.

Rico Petrocelli scored on a ground out by pinch hitter George Thomas in the top of the 16th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Boston Red Sox edged the Cleveland Indians 2-1 before 25,596 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Cleveland first baseman Tony Horton batted 4 for 7, and produced the Indians' run with a home run in the 2nd inning.

The New York Yankees scored 7 runs in the last 2 innings to defeat the Detroit Tigers 9-4 before 14,015 fans at Tiger Stadium. New York first baseman Joe Pepitone batted 4 for 5 with a home run, double, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in.

Barry Moore allowed 5 hits in 6+ innings, hit 2 singles, and scored the winning run as the Washington Senators shut out the Baltimore Orioles 4-0 before 8,415 fans at Memorial Stadium in Saskatchewan.

Catfish Hunter pitched a 6-hitter for the Oakland Athletics as they shut out the Kansas City Royals 5-0 before 5,505 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

Billy Williams singled home Don Kessinger with 2 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Chicago Cubs a 1-0 win over the Montreal Expos before 7,281 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Carl Morton made his major league debut as the Expos' starting pitcher, allowing 6 hits, walking 3 batters, and striking out 3 in 9 scoreless innings, batting 0 for 3.

Mike Shannon doubled home 2 runs with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to provide the eventual winning margin as the St. Louis Cardinals held on to edge the New York Mets 6-5 before 12,591 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Cleon Jones hit a 2-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th for the Mets, but Joe Hoerner struck out Ed Charles to end the game.

Ray Sadecki pitched a 6-hitter and Willie Mays hit his first home run of the season, added a double, and scored 3 runs for the San Francisco Giants shut out the San Diego Padres 8-0 before 15,757 fans at San Diego Stadium.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel

War
Kampala fell to Tanzanian and Ugandan exile troops; residents cheered as Ugandan President Idi Amin was reported to be fleeing east with the remnants of his army.

Disasters
U.S. President Jimmy Carter appointed an 11-member panel to determine the causes of the accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania, and to recommend safeguards against future mishaps.

60 died and over 800 were injured as tornadoes swept across northern Texas and southern Oklahoma, devastating four communities.

Hockey
In Western Hockey League junior playoff action, the Lethbridge Broncos defeated the Calgary Wranglers 7-6 in overtime to take a 2 games to 0 lead in their series.

30 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Birthday Boy

Weather
It was the most beautiful day of the year so far in Edmonton.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 The Sign--Ace of Base (4th week at #1)
2 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
3 Mr. Jones--Counting Crows
4 Return to Innocence--Enigma
5 Without You--Mariah Carey
6 Swimming in Your Ocean--Crash Test Dummies
7 Love Sneakin' Up on You--Bonnie Raitt
8 Hasn't Hit Me Yet--Blue Rodeo
9 Now and Forever--Richard Marx
10 Because of Love--Janet Jackson

Singles entering the chart were You Mean the World to Me by Toni Braxton (#80); The Most Beautiful Girl in the World by The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (#88); Beautiful in My Eyes by Joshua Kadison (#89); She Don't Let Nobody by Chaka Demus & the Pliers (#90); and In the Wink of an Eye by the Barra MacNeils (#91).

War
After Serbs in Bosnia had attacked the Muslim enclave of Gorazde, bombs from two U.S. planes destroyed a Serb tank and two armoured personnel carriers. The Serbs then halted their shelling of Gorazde.

20 years ago
1999


War
NATO released aerial photographs of newly-turned earth in Kosovo that appeared to indicate mass graves, and there were reports from refugees describing mass executions.

Defense
India tested an intermediate-range ballistic missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead.

Curling
World Men's Championship @ Harbour Station, Saint John, New Brunswick
Final
Scotland (Hammy McMillan) 6 Canada (Jeff Stoughton) 5

Golf
José María Olazábal shot a 1-under-par 71 in the final round to win the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia for the second time, finishing with an 8-under-par total score of 280, 2 strokes ahead of Davis Love III. First prize money was $720,000.



10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Vishnu Prabhakar, 96
. Indian writer. Mr. Prabhakar, born Vishnu Dayal, wrote fiction and non-fiction in Hindi, in every genre except poetry. He wrote about problems in modern Indian society, and was influenced by Mohandas Gandhi's philosophy of non-violence.

Gerda Gilboe, 94. Danish actress and singer. Miss Gilboe performed in musical theatre and operas, and appeared in 18 films from 1943-2003.

Corín Tellado, 81. Spanish authoress. Miss Tellado, born María del Socorro Tellado López, wrote romance novels and photonovels, publishing more than 5,000 titles and selling more than 400 million books in a career spanning about 60 years. No writer has ever sold as many books published in Spanish as Miss Tellado. She died after a stroke, two weeks before her 82nd birthday.

April 10, 2019

400 years ago
1619


Died on this date
Thomas Jones, 68-69 (?)
. English-born Irish clergyman. Mr. Jones, a Protestant, was both Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1605 until his death.

225 years ago
1794


Born on this date
Matthew Perry
. U.S. military officer. Commodore Perry served with the United States Navy in the War of 1812 and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), but was best known for his role as Commander of the East India Squadron (1852-1854), leading an expedition with the purpose of opening Japanese ports to American trade. Heavy drinking led to Commodore Perry's death from cirrhosis of the liver on March 4, 1858 at the age of 63.

210 years ago
1809


War
The War of the Fifth Coalition began when forces of the Austrian Empire invade Bavaria.

110 years ago
1909


Died on this date
Algernon Charles Swinburne, 72
. U.K. poet. Mr. Swinburne was a poet of the decadent school; a drunkard and masochist until he was in his mid-40s, he eventually settled into social respectability, although his literary output declined. Mr. Swinburne died five days after his 72nd birthday.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
John Houbolt
. U.S. aeronautical engineer. Mr. Houbolt was the main figure advocating for the lunar orbit rendezvous method of conducting manned missions to the Moon and back in the 1960s. He died on April 15, 2014, five days after his 95th birthday.

Died on this date
Emiliano Zapata Salazar, 39
. Mexican revolutionary. Mr. Zapata was a leader of the peasant agrarian protest movement in the state of Morelos in the 1910s; he was allied with Pancho Villa, but opposed the revolutionary faction led by Venustiano Carranza. Mr. Zapata was assassinated in an ambush led by Colonel Jesús Guajardo, and became widely regarded as a martyr for the cause of agrarian reform.

Society
Quebeckers voted 78.62% in favour in a referendum on this question: "Should the sale of light beer, cider and wines be allowed?" Quebec's subsequent prohibition law, effective on May 1, 1919, only applied to spirits, but 90% of Quebec municipalities were already prohibiting its sale locally.

Aviation
Harry Hawker and MacKenzie Grieve made the first airplane flight in Newfoundland at St. John's in a test for a transatlantic attempt.

75 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Man Who was Hanged

Literature
D.H. Lawrence's novel The First Lady Chatterly was published in New York.

War
Soviet forces captured Odessa, which had been under Nazi control since October 1941. Two small Nazi thrusts were repulsed on the British beachhead south of Rome and by the Italians holding Mount Marrone. The government of Canada announced that Canadian forces would be increased by 98,000 in the next 12 months.

World events
10 army officers were executed as ringleaders of the previous week's abortive revolt in El Salvador.

Diplomacy
Liberia became the 35th member of the proposed United Nations.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Florida's "peonage" law was unconstitutional, holding that "involuntary servitude" could not be enforced "even if voluntarily contracted for."

Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court sustained a National War Labor Board decision finding the Medo Supply Company of New York guilty of unfair practices in dealing individually with employees who abandoned membership in a union.

Medicine
The annual report of the U.S. Foundation for Infantile Paralysis expressed regret at the publicity given to the Kenny method for treating polio.

70 years ago
1949


Literature
The New York Herald Tribune listed The Big Fisherman by Lloyd C. Douglas and Cheaper by the Dozen by Frank Gilbreth and Ernestine Carey as the best-selling fiction and non-fiction books, respectively.

Radio
The International Radio Conference in Mexico City ended after the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. refused to sign a proposed agreement on the use of shortwave frequencies.

Politics and government
The Western Allies presented their proposed German occupation statute to the West German Parliamentary Council in Bonn, which objected to provisions for continued Allied supervision of German foreign trade and industrial research.

Science
The Stalin Prizes for scientific research in the U.S.S.R. went to physicists Sergei Vernov of the University of Moscow and George Latyshev of the University of Leningrad, and to Tromim Lysenko, leader of the officially-favoured environmentalist school of genetics.

Labour
Rivalry between leftist and conservative factions at an International Longshoremen's and Warehouseman's Union convention in San Francisco resulted in the nomination of Thomas George to challenge leftist Harry Bridges as union president. It was the first attempt in eight years to unseat Mr. Bridges.

Golf
Sam Snead shot his second consecutive 5-under-par 67 round to win the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia. Mr. Snead finished with a 6-under-par total score of 282, 3 strokes ahead of Johnny Bulla and Lloyd Mangrum. First prize money was $2,750. Mr. Snead became the first Masters winner to receive a green jacket.



Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 3 @ Detroit 1 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Sid Smith scored a natural hat trick for the Maple Leafs as they beat the Red Wings at Olympia Stadium. Pete Horeck scored for Detroit with 14:10 remaining in regulation time to spoil Toronto goalie Turk Broda's bid for a shutout.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Side Saddle--Russ Conway (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Leonard Shockley, 17
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Shockley, a Negro, was executed in the gas chamber in Maryland for the January 16, 1958 murder of shopkeeper Sarah Hearne, which took place when he was 16. His brother Harold, then 23, accompanied him, and was sentenced to life imprisonment, but was eventually released. Leonard Shockley became the last person under the age of 18 to be executed in the United States.

Married on this date
Crown Prince Akihito of Japan and commoner Michiko Shoda were married in a Shinto ceremony in Tokyo.

World events
An Indian plane was shot down when it strayed over the border into Pakistan. Indian Defense Minister Krishna Menon claimed the plane was photographing Indian territory.

French police arrested 465 Algerian nationalist "agitators" in Lyons, Marseilles, and other French cities.

Crime
Virginia Governor J. Lindsay Almond, Jr. (Democrat), denounced by segregationists for advocating a moderate line on racial integration, escaped unhurt when a gunman fired at him as he left the Executive Mansion in Richmond.

Protest
Police dispersed followers of the newly-formed Uganda Nationalist Movement as they marched in Kampala to support demands for a boycott of non-African businesses.

Energy
Canada's first privately-owned nuclear research reactor went into operation, at McMaster University in Hamilton.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): My Son John--The Rebels

On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Frauds: DR-36

Died on this date
Harley Earl, 75
. U.S. automotive designer and executive. Mr. Earl, the son of a coach builder, was the chief designer at General Motors and became vice president of the company in a career at GM spanning more than 30 years. He's perhaps best remembered for introducing tail fins, which became popular on GM cars and those of other cars in the 1950s and '60s. Mr. Earl died of a stroke.

World events
A coup attempt against Central African Republic President Jean-Bédel Bokassa, led by Health Minister Alexandre Banza, was foiled; Mr. Banza was executed two days later.

War
Communist negotiators accused U.S. President Richard Nixon's administration of spreading false rumours of private meetings at the Vietnam War peace talks in Paris.

Defense
United States President Richard Nixon, in an address to the 15 North Atlantic Treaty Organization foreign ministers at a ceremony celebrating the alliance’s 20th anniversary, proposed new machinery for closer consultation within the alliance.

Politics and government
French President Charles de Gaulle, in a 50-minute television address, said that he would resign if the nation rejected his proposals for regional reform and Senate transformation in a referendum to be held later in the month.

Academia
Harvard University President Nathan Pusey called in 400 state and local policemen to end the occupation of University Hall by 300 student militants. 197 were arrested and 37 injured in the resulting melee.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Oakland 3 @ Los Angeles 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Semi-Finals
Boston 2 @ Montreal 3 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Derek Sanderson scored twice to give the Bruins a 2-0 lead after 2 periods, but John Ferguson scored with 6:32 remaining in regulation time to get Montreal on the scoreboard, Jean Beliveau scored the tying goal with 56 seconds left, and Ralph Backstrom scored 42 seconds into the 1st overtime period to give the Canadiens the win at the Montreal Forum.

40 years ago
1979


Terrorism
A bomb exploded in Tel Aviv, killing 1 and injuring 36. Israeli jets retaliated against two guerrilla bases in Lebanon.

Labour
A tentative settlement was reached in the 10-day strike by 300,000 Teamsters that had idled most of the trucking industry in the United States.

Disasters
A tornado landed in Wichita Falls, Texas, killing 42 people.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Preliminary Round
Vancouver 3 @ Philadelphia 2 (Vancouver led best-of-three series 1-0)
Los Angeles 1 @ New York Rangers 7 (New York led best-of-three series 1-0)
Toronto 2 @ Atlanta 1 (Toronto led best-of-three series 1-0)
Pittsburgh 4 @ Buffalo 3 (Pittsburgh led best-of-three series 1-0)

On the Hockey Night in Canada national telecast, Walt McKechnie scored both Toronto goals in the 2nd period of the Maple Leafs' win over the Flames at the Omni.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Like a Prayer--Madonna (5th week at #1)

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Without You--Mariah Carey

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen

#1 single in Switzerland: It's Alright--East 17 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Everything Changes--Take That (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Sam B. Hall, Jr., 70
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. Hall, a Democrat, represented Texas' 1st District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1976-1985, and sat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas from 1985 until his death.

War
North Atlantic Treaty Organization forces began attacking Serb forces in Bosnia when two U.S. aircraft bombed and destroyed a Serb command post in the first-ever NATO air attack against ground targets.

World events
France reported that its paratroopers had evacuated 525 French expatriates from Rwanda. 800 Belgian paratroopers arrived to evacuate the estimated 1,500 Belgian citizens who had lived there.

Golf
Jose Maria Olazabal shot a 3-under-par 69 in the final round to win the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia for the second time. His 9-under-par total score of 279 left him 2 strokes ahead of Tom Lehman. First prize money was $360,000.



20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Jean Vander Pyl, 79
. U.S. actress. Mhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Flintstonesiss Vander Pyl appeared in radio and television programs, but was best known as a voice actress in Hanna-Barbera cartoons, and especially for providing the voice of Wilma Flintstone in The Flintstones (1960-1966). She died of lung cancer.

10 years ago
2009


Politics and government
Fijian President Ratu Josefa Iloilo announced the abrogation of the constitution and assumed all governance in the country, creating a constitutional crisis.

Tuesday, 9 April 2019

April 9, 2019

410 years ago
1609


War
Spain and the Dutch Republic signed the Treaty of Antwerp to initiate 12 years of truce.

World events
King Philip III of Spain issued the decree of the "Expulsion of the Moriscos"--descendants of Muslims who had converted to Christianity.

225 years ago
1794


Born on this date
Theobald Boehm
. German musician and composer. Mr. Boehm perfected the modern flute and improved its fingering system, while composing various works for flute. He died on November 25, 1881 at the age of 87.

150 years ago
1869


Canadiana
Hudson's Bay Company shareholders accepted the terms of the Rupert's Land Act of 1868; the Hudson's Bay Company ceded its territory to Canada.

110 years ago
1909


Died on this date
Helena Modjeska, 68
. Polish-born U.S. actress. Miss Modjeska, born Jadwiga Benda, was a stage actress known for playing tragic roles in plays by William Shakespeare and others. She first achieved fame in her native Poland, and continued her success after emigrating to the United States in 1876. Miss Modjeska died of Bright's disease.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Congress passed the Payne–Aldrich Tariff Act.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
J. Presper Eckert
. U.S. electrical engineer. Mr. Eckert co-designed the first general-purpose electronic digital computer (ENIAC) in 1945 and the first commercial computer in the U.S.A., the UNIVAC in 1951. He was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1968 and was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2002. Mr. Eckert died of leukemia on June 3, 1995 at the age of 76.

Labour
The Canadian government of Prime Miniser Robert Borden appointed a Royal Commission on Industrial Relations to look at the high cost of living as it affected labour.

90 years ago
1929


Diplomacy
Canadian Ambassador to the U.S.A. Vincent Massey protested against the March 22 sinking of the Canadian schooner I'm Alone by the U.S. Coast Guard off the coast of Louisiana. Captain John Randell and his crew were released. The case of the rum-runner went to arbitration.

80 years ago
1939


Music
Contralto Marian Anderson sang at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. after being denied the right to sing at the Daughters of the American Revolution's Constitution Hall because she was a Negress.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 3 @ Boston 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Doc Romnes scored at 10:38 of the 1st overtime period to give the Maple Leafs their win over the Bruins at Boston Garden.

75 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Yevgeniya Rudneva, 23
. U.S.S.R. military aviatrix. Senior Lieutenant Rudneva, a Ukrainian, served as a navigator in the Soviet Air Force during World War II, flying 645 bombing missions in a Polikarpov Po-2 biplane before she and pilot Panna Prokofyeva were killed when they were shot down over Crimea.

War
The Soviet Red Army continued its advance in Romania, capturing 200 more localities, mostly between the Prut and Siretul Rivers. Soviet forces took the railroad junction of Sortirovochnaya, moving to within 3 miles of Odessa. Japanese pressure in the Indian state of Manipur continued with patrols infiltrating across the Tiddem Road only 18 miles southwest of Imphal.

Politics and government
The Chicago Tribune backed U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur in the April 11 Illinois primary in the Republican Party contest for President of the United States in the November 1944 election. The Tribune said that a vote for Gen. MacArthur "will be a vote for the return of stalwart Americanism to the White House."

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 3 @ Chicago 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-0)

70 years ago
1949


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Rambling Rose--Perry Como; Tony Pastor

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Cruising Down the River--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Cruising Down the River--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)
--Blue Barron and his Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
2 Far Away Places--Bing Crosby
--Perry Como
--Margaret Whiting and the Crew Chiefs
3 Powder Your Face with Sunshine (Smile! Smile! Smile!)--Evelyn Knight and the Stardusters
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
4 Galway Bay--Bing Crosby
5 I've Got My Love to Keep Me Warm--Les Brown and his Orchestra
--The Mills Brothers
6 Sunflower--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Jack Fulton
7 Forever and Ever--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
8 Red Roses for a Blue Lady--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
9 So Tired--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
10 Lavender Blue (Dilly Dilly)--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Dinah Shore

Singles entering the chart were Blue Moon, with versions by Mel Torme; and Billy Eckstine (#35); and Slaughter on Tenth Avenue (Parts 1 and 2) by Lennie Hayton and the M-G-M Studio Orchestra (#36).

On the radio
Pat Novak For Hire, starring Jack Webb, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Sam Tolliver and the Packages from the Ship

Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Murder at the Circus

Law
The International Court of Justice in The Hague ordered Albania to pay damages to the United Kingdom for the destruction of two British destroyers by mines off Corfu Channel in 1946.

Basketball
BAA
Finals
Minneapolis 71 @ Washington 83 (Minneapolis led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Jack Nichols scored 27 points to help the Capitols defeat the Lakers before 4,471 fans at Uline Arena. George Washington led Minneapolis scorers with 27 points.

60 years ago
1959


Died on this date
Frank Lloyd Wright, 91
. U.S. architect. Mr. Wright was probably the most important architect in American history, practicing “organic architecture,” which harmonized with both its occupants’ needs and the surrounding landscape.

Space
America’s first seven astronauts were introduced to the public in a press conference at the auditorium at the headquarters of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in Washington, D.C. The astronauts were Scott Carpenter; Gordon Cooper; John Glenn; Gus Grissom; Wally Schirra; Alan Shepard; and Donald "Deke" Slayton. That evening, the astronauts enjoyed a big dinner with U.S. Air Force chief of staff General Thomas White; chief of naval operations Admiral Arleigh Burke; NASA Administrator Keith Glennan; Ed Thompson, an editor at Life magazine; and press agent Leo D’Orsey.







Politics and government
Veterans of the Greek Cypriot terrorist movement founded a right-wing party pledged to support Archbishop Makarios and to counter the Communist-led Pan-Cyprian Labour Federation.

Beginning a tour of Wisconsin to test reaction to a possible U.S. presidential bid, U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy (Democrat--Massachusetts) said in Milwaukee that he didn't think it unreasonable to ask about a candidate's religion.

Disasters
A Persian Gulf windstorm caused an estimated 500 deaths in Bahrain.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 3 @ Montreal 5 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Marcel Bonin scored with 8:01 remaining in regulation time to break a 3-3 tie, and Dickie Moore scored a powerplay goal 3:03 later as the Canadiens defeated the Maple Leafs at the Montreal Forum.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 118 @ Minneapolis 113 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Bill Sharman scored 29 points and Bill Russell scored 15 points and grabbed 30 rebounds to help the Celtics defeat the Lakers before 8,124 fans at Minneapolis Armory to complete the series sweep. Elgin Baylor of Minneapolis led all scorers with 30 points. It was the second National Basketball Association championship for the Celtics in the past three years, and the first of eight straight for Boston.



50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): I Heard It Through the Grapevine--Marvin Gaye (3rd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da/While My Guitar Gently Weeps--The Beatles (4th week at #1)
2 Edge of Reality/If I Can Dream--Elvis Presley
3 Build Me Up Buttercup--The Foundations
4 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
5 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
6 Adios Amor--Jose Feliciano
7 Where Do You Go To (My Lovely)--Peter Sarstedt
8 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
9 Fox on the Run--Manfred Mann
10 Stand by Your Man--Tammy Wynette

Singles entering the chart were Galveston by Glen Campbell (#27); The Real Thing by Russell Morris (#33); and Boom Bang-A-Bang by Anne Hawker (#35).

Music
The album Nashville Skyline by Bob Dylan was released on Columbia Records.

Aviation
The first British-built Concorde 002, piloted by Brian Tubshaw, made its maiden flight from Filton to RAF Fairford.

Academia
Led by Students for a Democratic Society, a mob of 300 seized University Hall, the main administration building at Harvard University. The thugs ejected eight deans from their offices and chained up the doors. The dean of freshmen sniffled, "I just can’t believe our students could do this."

Politics and government
Clifford Alexander resigned as chairman of the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, citing a "crippling lack of administration support." Mr. Alexander, a Negro, linked his resignation to a threat made during a Senate hearing by Republican Senator Everett Dirksen to have President Richard Nixon oust him for having "harassed" businessmen over job discrimination.

Greek Prime Minister George Papadopoulos restored by decree three basic constitutional rights that had been suspended by his military regime: the inviolability of the home; freedom of association; and freedom of assembly.

Society
Sikh bus conductors and drivers in Wolverhampton, England won the right to wear turbans on duty, after a long-running campaign that included threats of self-immolation.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Los Angeles 1 @ Oakland 4 (Oakland led best-of-seven series 3-2)

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Heart of Glass--Blondie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Young Man (Y.M.C.A.)--Hideki Saijo (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Da Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart (6th week at #1)

Movies
The Academy Awards for 1978 were presented at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. The winners included: Picture--The Deer Hunter; Director--Michael Cimino (The Deer Hunter); Actor--Jon Voight (Coming Home); Actress--Jane Fonda (Coming Home); Supporting Actor--Christopher Walken (The Deer Hunter); Supporting Actress--Maggie Smith (California Suite).

World events
Pakistan denied charges by Afghanistan that her troops had crossed over their mutual border, as widespread Muslim insurgency continued against the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.

Religion
Pope John Paul II, in an ecclesiastic letter to the Roman Catholic clergy, stressed celibacy as a prerequisite for the priesthood, affirming traditional church teaching.

Disasters
The United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission announced that the crisis at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania was over as the crippled reactor was brought toward a cold shutdown.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Like a Prayer--Madonna

#1 single in Switzerland: Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

Protest
In Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, an anti-Soviet peaceful demonstration of 10,000 people at Lenin Square, demanding restoration of Georgian independence, was dispersed by the Soviet Red Army, who used poison gas, resulting in 20 deaths and hundreds of injuries.

A crowd stated to be 300,000, but probably much less, in Washington, D.C., demonstrated in favour of continuation of a woman's right to have an abortion. The protest, organized by the misnamed National Organization for Women, took place in advance of a U.S. Supreme Court decision on the issue.

Curling
World Men's Championships @ Milwaukee Auditorium
Final
Canada (Pat Ryan) 5 Switzerland (Patrick Hürlimann) 4

Golf
Nick Faldo birdied the second hole of a sudden-death playoff against Scott Hoch to win the Masters Tournament at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia. Mr. Hoch had three chances to sink a putt to win the tournament, but failed each time, with the worst failure coming on the first playoff hole, when he missed from 4 feet. Greg Norman bogeyed on the 18th hole of the last round, preventing him from entering the playoff. Former winner Ben Crenshaw also bogeyed on the last hole, falling into a tie with Mr. Norman for third. First prize money was $200,000.



25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): It's Alright--East 17 (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Serenata Rap--Jovanotti (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Dimension Divertida--Paco Pil (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Look Who's Talking--Dr. Alban (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Without You--Mariah Carey

#1 single in France (SNEP): Je danse le Mia--IAM (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Without You--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Everything Changes--Take That

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard
1 Bump n' Grind--R. Kelly
2 The Sign--Ace of Base
3 Without You/Never Forget You--Mariah Carey
4 The Power of Love--Celine Dion
5 So Much in Love--All-4-One
6 Whatta Man--Salt-N-Pepa with En Vogue
7 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
8 Now and Forever--Richard Marx
9 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
10 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen

Singles entering the chart were I'll Take You There by General Public (#80); Papa'z Song by 2Pac (Duet with Mopreme) (#87); Anything by SWV (#88); Low by Cracker (#90); Sweet Potatoe Pie by Domino (#92); and In Walked Love by Expose (#98). I'll Take You There was from the movie Threesome (1994). Anything was from the movie Above the Rim (1994).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Without You--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 The Sign--Ace of Base
3 Now and Forever--Richard Marx
4 So Much in Love--All-4-One
5 Whatta Man--Salt-N-Pepa with En Vogue
6 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
7 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
8 Bump n' Grind--R. Kelly
9 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
10 Cantaloop (Flip Fantasia)--Us3

Singles entering the chart were Dreams by the Cranberries (#70); Neon Moonlight by Rosco Martinez (#73); Beautiful in My Eyes by Joshua Kadison (#79); and Big Time Sensuality by Bjork (#81).

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Ibrahim Bare Mainassara, 49
. President of Niger, 1996-1999. Colonel Mainassara was named Army Chief of Staff in March 1995, and seized power in a coup on January 27, 1996. Under a new constitution, he was elected President in July 1996, but the election was widely viewed as fraudulent. Col. Mainassara was shot to death at the airport in Niamey, a month before his 50th birthday. A United States State Department spokesman said that Col. Mainassara had been assassinated by members of the presidential guard. Tensions had run high since a February election for local and regional offices. A military junta led by Daouda Malam Wanke, commander of the presidential guard, took power after the assassination.

War
The Battle of Košare began in the Kosovo War.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization said that it had received disturbing reports of rapes of ethnic Albanian women by Serbian soldiers. Russian President Boris Yeltsin warned NATO not to push his country into military support of Serbia.

Diplomacy
Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji continued his visit to the United States with a meeting with congressional leaders in Washington, D.C.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Nick Adenhart, 22
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Adenhart was a starting pitcher who moved through the organization of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim before making his debut with the major league team on May 1, 2008. In 3 games in 2008 he compiled a record of 1-0 with an earned run average of 9.00 in 18 innings. Mr. Adenhart had a 3-0 record in spring training in 2009, and made the Angels as their third starter. On April 8 he pitched 6 scoreless innings without getting the decision, lowering his lifetime major league ERA to 6.00. Shortly after midnight on April 9, he was a passenger in a vehicle which was hit by Thomas Gallo, 22, a drunk driver whose license had been suspended. Two other passengers, Henry Pearson, 25 and Courtney Stewart, 20, were killed on the spot, and Mr. Adenhart died in hospital.

Protest
As many as 60,000 people in Tbilisi demonstrated against the Georgian government of President Mikheil Saakashvili.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada rules 7-0 that governments have the right to sift through personal garbage without a warrant once it passes a person’s property line.

Crime
Dennis Karbovanec, a member of the Red Scorpion Gang, was sentenced in Vancouver, British Columbia to life in prison for three counts of second-degree murder and one count of conspiracy to commit first-degree murder in the killings of six people in a Surrey, B.C. highrise in 2007.

Monday, 8 April 2019

April 8, 2019

1,075 years ago
944


Died on this date
Wang Yanxi
. King/Emperor of Min, 939-944. Wang Yanxi, the 28th son of Wang Shenzhi (Emperor Taizu), became King of the Ten Kingdoms Period state of Min in 939 after overthrowing his nephew Wang Jipeng (Emperor Kangzong). Wang Yanxi claimed the title of Emperor in 941. He was opposed by his brother Wang Yanzheng, who created the breakaway state of Yin in 943 and declared himself its emperor. Wang Yanxi was assassinated, with Zhu Wenjin, one of his military commanders, succeeding him as Emperor of northeastern and southern China, and Wang Yanzheng continuing as ruler of northwestern China.

130 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Adrian Boult
. U.K. orchestra conductor. Sir Adrian conducted the City of Birmingham Orchestra (1924-1930, 1959-1960); BBC Symphony Orchestra (1930-1950); and London Philharmonic Orchestra (1950-1959). He championed the work of British composers, and made many recordings that are still widely available. Sir Adrian conducted recording sessions and was a guest conductor for various orchestras until the end of 1978. He died on February 22, 1983 at the age of 93.

110 years ago
1909


Born on this date
John Fante
. U.S. author and screenwriter. Mr. Fante was best known for "The Bandini Quartet," a series of four novels published from 1938-1985, the second of which, Ask the Dust (1939), is widely regarded as "the great Los Angeles novel." He wrote numerous screenplays, most of which were unproduced; among the few that were made into movies were Full of Life (1956); Jeanne Eagels (1957); and Walk on the Wild Side (1962). Mr. Fante died after a long battle with diabetes on May 8, 1983, a month after his 74th birthday.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Ian Smith
. Prime Minister of Rhodesia, 1964-1979. Mr. Smith served in the British Royal Air Force during World War II and suffered serious wounds. As a Liberal, he was first elected to the Parliament of Southern Rhodesia in 1948. He joined the new Federal Party in 1953, and co-founded the Rhodesian Front in 1962 in an effort to gain dominion status for the colony. Mr. Smith took office as Prime Minister in 1964; when the new British government of Prime Minister Harold Wilson refused to grant dominion status to Rhodesia despite doing so for backward Negro colonies, Rhodesia unilaterally declared independence in November 1965, resulting in the country's international isolation. Mr. Smith eventually was willing to recognize the principle of black majority rule, and resigned as Prime Minister in favour of Bishop Abel Muzorewa in 1979, when the country became known as Zimbabwe Rhodesia. Elections in early 1980 resulted in a black majority government, with Robert Mugabe as Prime Minister. The country became known as Zimbabwe, and soon became a Marxist dictatorship. Mr. Smith remained as Leader of the Opposition until 1987. He moved to South Africa for medical treatment in 2005, and died of a stroke in Cape Town on November 20, 2007 at the age of 88.

75 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bésame Mucho (Kiss Me Much)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra with Bob Eberly and Kitty Kallen (Best Seller--6th week at #1); Mairzy Doats--The Merry Macs (Jukebox--4th week at #1)

War
Royal Canadian Air Force dive bombers began attacks on French railway yards to damage supply routes prior to D-Day. The Soviet Red Army reached the Czech frontier at Zhabye, just east of the Tartar Pass. In their drive on Odessa, Soviet units took another 30 places, including Gildendorf, only 8 miles northeast of Odessa. Allied forces drove the Japanese from one vital point north of Imphal and generally improved their position in the Indian state of Manipur. U.S. Selective Service Director Lewis Hershey instructed local draft boards to complete action on registrants under 26 years of age before calling older men.

70 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Manchester Marriage, starring Jan Clayton and Richard Travis

Died on this date
Santiago Alba y Bonifaz, 76
. Spanish politician. Mr. Alba was first elected to the Cortes as a member of the Unión Nacional in 1901, switching his affiliation to the Partido Liberal in 1903. He held various cabinet posts from 1906-1923, but went into exile in France from 1923-1930 while Spain was under the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera. Mr. Alba went into exile in Portugal after the start of the Spanish Civil War in 1936; he returned to Spain in 1945, but was uninvolved in politics.

Kathy Fiscus, 3. U.S. accident victim. Miss Fiscus was playing with her sister and cousin near her home in San Marino, California, when she fell 100 feet down a well. The continuous coverage of the rescue effort over Los Angeles station KTLA was a landmark in television news coverage, and was nominated for an Emmy Award.







Literature
Beau James: The Life and Times of Jimmy Walker, a biography of the former Mayor of New York by Gene Fowler, was published by Viking Press.

War
Fighting was renewed in Burma as a surrender of rebellious Karen forces in the Rangoon area failed to take place as scheduled.

General Lucius Clay of the U.S. military government in Germany completed his review of the Malmedy massacre cases, pardoning 37 of the 43 Germans sentenced to death for the killing of American prisoners on December 17, 1944.

World events
The Guatemalan government announced the suppression of a two-day guerrilla uprising near the Mexican border.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. vetoed South Korea's request for admission to the United Nations.

Defense
U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson announced plans to provide military aid to North Atlantic Treaty partners at the request of Western European foreign ministers.

Politics and government
The Western Allies announced an agreement on a plan for merging their German zones and dissolving their military governments in conjunction with the creation of a West German state.

The U.S. Senate confirmed President Harry Truman's appointment of Ernest Gruening to a third term as Governor of Alaska.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom banned the export of goods of "potential military value" to the U.S.S.R. and Eastern Europe.

The U.S. Commerce Department lifted export quotas on copper, brass, and other nonferrous metals, minerals, and manufactured items.

Society
The Massey Commission, headed by diplomat Vincent Massey, was created to look at the advancement of arts, literature, and science in Canada. Its creation was a response to the crisis that existed in Canadian universities. The Government of Quebec, which feared federal interventions in its areas of jurisdiction, refused to participate in the work of the commission when it visited Montreal on November 26, 1949. The Commissioners, who in addition to Mr. Massey were Henri Lévesque, Arthur Surveyer, Norman Mackenzie, and Hilda Neatby, tabled their final report in June 1951. The Commission's report inspired, among other things, the founding of the National Library of Canada and the creation of the Canada Council for the Arts.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 3 @ Detroit 2 (OT) (Toronto led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Joe Klukay scored at 17:13 of the 1st overtime period to give the Maple Leafs their win over the Red Wings at Olympia Stadium.

Basketball
BAA
Finals
Minneapolis 94 @ Washington 74 (Minneapolis led best-of-seven series 3-0)

George Mikan scored 35 points to lead the Lakers over the Capitols before 4,919 fans at Uline Arena. Matt Zunic and Jack Nichols each scored 12 points for Washington.

60 years ago
1959


Died on this date
Luis Alberto de Herrera, 85
. President of the National Council of Administration (Prime Minister) of Uruguay, 1925-1927. Mr. Herrera was Uruguayan Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States from 1902-1904 before leading the National Party for the better part of 50 years. He frequently sought the presidency, but was unsuccessful in achieving it, although the National Party scored a breakthrough in the 1958 general election, several months before Mr. Herrera's death.

World events
The Tibetan government supported by the People's Republic of China met in Lhasa and urged Tibetans to help the Chinese Army quell the uprising.

Defense
The Iraqi government disclosed that it had armed the Communist-dominated popular Resistance Force and had extended its authority outside Baghdad to border areas.

Technology
A team of computer manufacturers, users, and university people led by U.S. Naval Reserve Commander Grace Hopper met to discuss the creation of a new programming language that would be called COBOL.

Economics and finance
Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash disclosed plans to withdraw Turkish Cypriots from mixed Greek-Turkish areas in order to create a separate Turkish economy on the island.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Atlantis--Donovan (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Win Noyes, 79. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Noyes played with the Boston Braves (1913); Philadelphia Athletics (1917, 1919); and Chicago White Sox (1919), compiling a record of 11-15 with an earned run average of 3.76 in 49 games. He was 10-10 with a 2.95 ERA in 27 games with the Athletics in 1917, but was in the military in 1918, and failed to regain his effectiveness thereafter. Mr. Noyes had a record of 120-74 in seven seasons in the minor leagues from 1910-1916, with four 20-win seasons.

Haskell Karp. U.S. medical patient. Mr. Karp, the first man to live with an artificial heart and a transplanted heart, died in Houston, 65 hours after the transplant.

Labour
The United States Department of Justice filed its first discrimination suit against a major southern textile company, charging Canon Mills with bias in both employment and the rental of company housing. It marked the first time that the government had moved against segregated company-owned housing.

Disasters
13 were killed and 3 were missing in the blast of an explosives factory in Dottington, Switzerland.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos sent $100,000 and pitchers Jack Billingham and Skip Guinn to the Houston Astros to complete the January 22, 1969 trade in which the Expos had traded first baseman Donn Clendenon and outfielder Jesus Alou to the Astros for outfielder Rusty Staub. Mr. Clendenon had refused to report to the Astros, not wanting to play for manager Harry Walker.

The Montreal Expos withstood a 4-run 9th-inning rally, and held on to defeat the New York Mets 11-10 before 44,541 fans at Shea Stadium in New York in the first major league game ever played by a Canadian-based team. Mudcat Grant was the starting pitcher for the Expos, but he was knocked out of the box early. One of his relievers, Dan McGinn, hit the Expos’ first home run, off Mets’ ace Tom Seaver. For Mr. McGinn, it was his only major league home run. Rusty Staub and Coco Laboy each homered for Montreal in the 8th inning; Mr. Laboy's 3-run homer came in his first major league game. The Mets had runners on first and second bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th when Carroll Sembera struck out Rod Gaspar to end the game.



Dick Selma pitched a 5-hit complete game and hit 2 singles to win the pitchers' duel over Don Wilson as the San Diego Padres, in their first major league game, edged the Houston Astros 2-1 before 23,370 fans at San Diego Stadium.

Randy Hundley singled with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning and Willie Smith followed with a home run to give the Chicago Cubs a 7-6 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 40,796 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Philadelphia third baseman Don Money's second home run of the game, a 3-run blast, had tied the game 5-5 in the 9th inning, and his double in the 1th had driven home Johnny Callison with a run to give the Phillies a 6-5 lead. Chicago first baseman Ernie Banks also drove in 5 runs, with a pair of homers and a single.



Pinch hitter Joe Keough singled home Joe from third base with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Kansas City Royals, in their first major league game, a 5-4 win over the Minnesota Twins before 17,688 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Mr. Keough's hit came against Minnesota relief pitcher Dick Woodson, who was facing his first major league batter. Lou Piniella, in his first game in a Kansas City uniform, made his first 4 major league hits in 5 at bats, with a double, run, and run batted in.

Tommy Harper led off with a double and Mike Hegan followed with a home run to begin a 4-run 1st inning as the Seattle Pilots, in their first major league game, held on to defeat the California Angels 4-3 before 11,930 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Seattle starting pitcher Marty Pattin allowed 2 hits and 2 runs--earned--in 5+ innings to get the win. The Angels scored a run in the 9th and had runners on first and third bases, but relief pitcher Jack Aker retired Rick Reichardt on a ground ball to third base to end the game.



Pinch hitter Dalton Jones scored Tony Conigliaro with a sacrifice fly in the 11th inning to break a 4-4 tie as the Boston Red Sox edged the Baltimore Orioles 5-4 before 36,100 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Mr. Conigliaro, playing his first game since being hit in the eye by a pitch in August 1967, singled in the 4th inning and hit a 2-run home run in the 10th to give Boston a 4-2 lead, only to have Frank Robinson respond with a 2-run homer in the bottom of the 10th to tie the score. Mr. Conigliaro also drew 2 bases on balls, including one leading to the winning run.

Denny McLain pitched a 3-hit complete game and singled in a run to help the Detroit Tigers open defense of their 1968 World Series championship with a 6-2 win over the Cleveland Indians before 53,572 fans at Tiger Stadium. Cleveland starting pitcher Luis Tiant, who had led the American League in earned run average in 1968, allowed 8 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 5+ innings to take the loss.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Tragedy--Bee Gees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Heart of Glass--Blondie (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Breece D'J Pancake, 26
. U.S. author. Mr. Pancake wrote short stories about his native rural West Virginia. He committed suicide by shooting himself; the motives remain unclear.

Terrorism
The Palestine Liberation Organization vowed to increase military and political activities against Egypt and Israel--especially within occupied territories--in retaliation for the Egypt-Israel peace treaty.

Environment
Thousands were evacuated near Crestview, Florida after a freight train carrying toxic chemicals derailed, threatening an area of 80 square miles with toxic fumes.

Energy
Voters in Austin, Texas approved a bond issue for construction of a local nuclear power plant in the first test of American public opinion on nuclear power since the Three Mile Island accident in Pennsylvania.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 3 @ Boston 6
Montreal 0 @ Detroit 1

The Canadiens' loss to the Red Wings at Olympia Stadium on the last day of the regular season allowed the New York Islanders to finish first in the overall standings; the Islanders finished with 116 points, the Canadiens with 115.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Esatto--Francesco Salvi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Like a Prayer--Madonna

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Alles kan een mens gelukkig maken--René Froger (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Pour toi Arménie--Charles Aznavour and various artists (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Like a Prayer--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard
1 The Look--Roxette
2 Eternal Flame--Bangles
3 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
4 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
5 Like a Prayer--Madonna
6 Stand--R.E.M.
7 My Heart Can't Tell You No--Rod Stewart
8 Dreamin'--Vanessa Williams
9 Walk the Dinosaur--Was (Not Was)
10 Funky Cold Medina--Tone Loc

Singles entering the chart were Patience by Guns N' Roses (#66); Cry by Waterfront (#78); Circle by Edie Brickell & New Bohemians (#80); You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet by Figures on a Beach (#91); Coming Home by Cinderella (#92); I'll Be You by the Replacements (#93); and Similar Features by Melissa Etheridge (#94).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
2 The Look--Roxette
3 Eternal Flame--Bangles
4 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
5 Like a Prayer--Madonna
6 Stand--R.E.M.
7 My Heart Can't Tell You No--Rod Stewart
8 The Living Years--Mike + the Mechanics
9 Walk the Dinosaur--Was (Not Was)
10 Dreamin'--Vanessa Williams

Singles entering the chart were Buffalo Stance by Neneh Cherry (#70); Cry by Waterfront (#75); Repetition by Information Society (#77); Patience by Guns N' Roses (#80); Circle by Edie Brickell & New Bohemians (#83); Round and Round by New Order (#85); Baby Baby by Eighth Wonder (#87); Don't Take My Mind on a Trip by Boy George (#90); and Coming Home by Cinderella (#93).

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Without You--Mariah Carey

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen (3rd week at #1)

World events
Western nations prepared evacuation efforts as the slaughter continued between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda.

The Governor of the Afghan province of Faryab resigned and fled, as forces loyal to warlord General Rashid Dostrum took control of several districts.

Politics and government
Morihiro Hosokawa announced his resignation as Prime Minister of Japan pending selection of a successor, amid allegations that he had profited illegally from a 100-million yen loan from a trucking company in 1982. Mr. Hosokawa said that he had repaid the loan but acknowledged that he had not repaid interest on the loan.

Hockey
NHL
New York Rangers 5 Toronto 3

Baseball
Kent Mercker pitched a no-hitter as the Atlanta Braves blanked the Los Angeles Dodgers 6-0 before 36,546 fans at Dodger Stadium. Chan Ho Park made his major league debut on the mound for Los Angeles, pitching the 9th inning and allowing a hit, 2 bases on balls, 2 runs--both earned--and striking out 2 batters.



Steve Trachsel and two relief pitchers combined to pitch a 3-hitter for the Chicago Cubs as they shut out the Montreal Expos 4-0 before 47,001 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Dennis Martinez allowed 3 hits and 1 run--earned--in 6 innings in taking the loss.

Jeff Branson singled to lead off the bottom of the 10th inning and scored on a single by Barry Larkin to give the Cincinnati Reds a 5-4 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 27,868 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Kevin Mitchell drove in 3 runs for the Reds with a pair of home runs.

Scott Sanders and Trevor Hoffman combined to pitch a 2-hitter, while Keith Lockhart hit his first 2 major league home runs, as the San Diego Padres shut out the Florida Marlins 4-0 before 12,850 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

Jim Abbott and two relievers combined to pitch a 4-hitter for the New York Yankees as they shut out the Detroit Tigers 4-0 before 20,222 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Tim Naehring doubled home 3 runs and scored on an error by catcher Ron Karkovice on the same play as the Boston Red Sox scored 4 runs in the top of the 8th inning to overcome a 6-4 deficit and defeat the Chicago White Sox 8-6 before 42,890 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Tim Raines hit 2 home runs and a single for the White Sox.

The Oakland Athletics scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break an 8-8 tie and held on to defeat the Minnesota Twins 10-9 before 17,271 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Minnesota center fielder Kirby Puckett batted 5 for 6 with a double and 4 runs batted in, and was on third base with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th, but relief pitcher Billy Taylor retired Dave Winfield and Matt Walbeck to end the game.

20 years ago
1999


Diplomacy
Iraq rejected a proposal from the United Nations to permit resumption of UN arms inspection inside Iraq. The proposal included relaxed sanctions and a more generous food-for-oil arrangement under which Iraq would sell oil to meet basic human needs.

Politics and government
Haryana Gana Parishad, a political party in the Indian state of Haryana, merged with the Indian National Congress Party.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Tori Stafford, 8
. Canadian murder victim. Victoria Stafford was abducted while on her way home from Oliver Stephens Public School in Woodstock, Ontario. She was raped, tortured, and murdered, with her body not being discovered until July 19, 2009. Michael Rafferty, 28 , was convicted of first-degree murder, and Terri-Lynne McClintic, 18, was convicted of being an accessory to murder.

Terrorism
Somali pirates hijacked the U.S.-flagged cargo ship MV Maersk Alabama. The crew retook the ship four days later, and Navy sharpshooters killed two pirates holding the ship's American captain, Richard Phillips.

Sunday, 7 April 2019

April 7, 2019

280 years ago
1739


Died on this date
Dick Turpin, 33 or 34
. U.K. criminal. Mr. Turpin was a highwayman who became celebrated in English popular culture after being hanged for horse theft on the Knavesmire gallows in York.

230 years ago
1789


Died on this date
Abdul Hamid I, 64
. Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1774-1789. Abdul Hamid I, the son of Sultan Ahmed III (1703-1730), succeeded his elder brother Mustafa III (1757-1774). He was succeeded on the throne by his nephew Selim III.

170 years ago
1849


Disasters
A major fire in Toronto started at 1 A.M. from an unknown cause, behind a tavern near the St. Lawrence Market. The blaze caught some hay then spread rapidly, destroying several city blocks in the downtown core and many buildings, including St. James Cathedral.

160 years ago
1859


Born on this date
Walter Camp
. U.S. football player, coach, and sportswriter. Mr. Camp, known as the "Father of American football," played halfback at Yale University from 1876-1881 and coached at Yale (1888-1892) and Stanford University (1892, 1894-1895), compiling a record of 79-5-3 and leading Yale to national championships in 1888, 1891, and 1892. He devised many of American football's basic features, including the line of scrimmage and the system of downs. Mr. Camp wrote nearly 30 books and 250 magazine articles, and pioneered the selection of the "All-America" team. He died on March 14, 1925, 24 days before his 66th birthday, and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a charter member in 1951.

150 years ago
1869


Crime
Prince Edward Island's last public hanging took place in Charlottetown.

130 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Gabriela Mistral
. Chilean poet. Ms. Mistral, whose real name was Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1945, becoming the first Latin American (and so far, only Latin American woman) to win the award. She spent her last years in the United States and died in Hempstead, New York on January 10, 1957 at the age of 67.

120 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Robert Casadesus
. French musician and composer. Mr. Casadesus was a concert pianist, and later a teacher of piano, for 30 years before fleeing France for the United States during World War II, performing concerts to raise money for French war relief. He returned to France after the war and resumed his teaching and performing career. Mr. Casadesus composed orchestral and chamber works, as well as works for piano. He died on September 19, 1972 at the age of 73.

Politics and government
New Brunswick's Women's Enfranchisement Association flooded the Legislature with 12 petitions, containing almost 4,000 signatures, asking for a suffrage bill.

110 years ago
1909


Academia
Saskatoon was chosen as the site of the University of Saskatchewan.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Roger Lemelin
. Canadian author and journalist. Mr. Lemelin wrote the novel Les Plouffe (1948), which inspired the CBC/Radio-Canada television series La famille Plouffe (1953-1959). He was publisher of the Montreal newspaper La Presse from 1972-1981. Mr. Lemelin died on March 16, 1992, 22 days before his 73rd birthday.

Edoardo Mangiarotti. Italian fencer. Mr. Mangiarotti won 19 world championships and Olympic titles from 1936-1960. He won 13 Olympic medals, including six gold medals. Mr. Mangiarotti died on May 25, 2012 at the age of 93.

80 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Joseph Lyons, 59
. Prime Minister of Australia, 1932-1939. Mr. Lyons was a member of the Labour Party when he served as Premier of Tasmania from 1923-1928. He resigned from the Labour Party in 1931 and led the United Australia Party, serving as Prime Minister from 1932 until his death from a heart attack. Mr. Lyons was the first Australian Prime Minister to die in office.

War
Italian forces invaded Albania.

75 years ago
1944


War
Soviet troops trapped five or six German divisions north of Razdelnaya, 40 miles north of Odessa. U.S. troops on the Anzio beachhead in Italy gained, in small-scale action, a new strong point northwest of Padiglione. A Japanese advance unit penetrating the outskirts of Kohima in the Indian state of Manipur was repulsed. Slovak Jews Rudolf Verba and Alfred Wetzler escaped from Auschwitz Nazi death camp in Poland.

World events
Former Iraqi Prime Minister Rashid Ali el-Gailani and 19 associates were arrested and held prisoner in Baghdad.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that no further action had been taken by the U.S. to recognize General Charles de Gaulle's French Committee of National Liberation, and added that the matter was one of self-determination for the French people.

U.S. Secretary of State Edward Stettinius arrived in London for conferences with U.K. Foreign Minister Anthony Eden.

Politics and government
Southern U.S. Senators disclosed that "more than 1,000 amendments" had been prepared to delay and prevent action on the anti-poll tax bill that had been approved by the House of Representatives and sent to the Senate.

The Nebraska legislature ended its special session by passing a bill to liberalize voting laws for people in the armed forces and absentees working in war industries outside the state.

70 years ago
1949


At the movies
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, directed by Tay Garnett, and starring Bing Crosby, Rhonda Fleming, William Bendix, and Cedric Hardwicke, received its premiere screening in New York City.

Theatre
The musical South Pacific, with songs by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, directed by Joshua Logan, and starring Mary Martin and Ezio Pinza, opened at the Majestic Theatre on Broadway in New York, with a record advance ticket sale of $500,000.

War
Chinese Communists launched a new attack in the Nanking area, capturing the Yangtze River port of Yicheng.

Politics and government
County council elections in Britain resulted in heavy losses for the Labour Party, which lost its majority in the London County Council. The results were interpreted as an expression of dissatisfaction with the austerity budget presented by the national Labour Party government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee.

Economics and finance
U.S. Agriculture Secretary Charles Brannan presented Congress with a plan, endorsed by the National Farmers Union and the American Farm Bureau, to replace existing agricultural price supports with a farm income supplement program, to be used if free market prices fell below a certain level.

60 years ago
1959


On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Return of Mitchell Campion, starring Patrick O'Neal and Lilyan Chauvin



Television
The George Foster Peabody Awards for distinguished achievement in television and radio were presented to the Huntley-Brinkley Report; Playhouse 90; The Steve Allen Show; and Leonard Bernstein and the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.

World events
French authorities confiscated 581 tons of arms and ammunition from a Czechoslovakian freighter at the Mers-el-Kebir naval base near Oran, charging that the cargo was destined for Algerian nationalists.

Politics and government
Konrad Adenauer announced at a Christian Democratic Union meeting in Bonn that he would resign as Chancellor of West Germany to succeed Theodor Heuss as President in September.

Democratic Party incumbent Richard Daley defeated Timothy Sheehan to win re-election as Mayor of Chicago.

Defense
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower nominated General Leonard Heaton, commander of Washington's Walter Reed Army Medical Center, as Army Surgeon General.

Society
51 years of prohibition of alcohol in Oklahoma ended when voters in a referendum favoured its repeal, by a margin of 80,000 votes.

Boxing
Zora Folley (45-3-2) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Willi Besmanoff (39-16-7) in a heavyweight bout in Denver.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 3 @ Boston 2 (Toronto won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Bob Pulford scored with 11:24 remaining in regulation time to tie the score, and Gerry Ehman scored with 2:33 remaining to break a 2-2 tie as the Maple Leafs eliminated the Bruins at Boston Garden. Mr. Ehman's goal was his 6th of the series, and his second game-winning goal.



Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 123 @ Minneapolis 110 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Tom Heinsohn scored 26 points and Bob Cousy added 23 points and 19 assists, while Bill Russell scored 8 points and grabbed 30 rebounds to help the Celtics defeat the Lakers before 11,272 fans at Minneapolis Armory. Larry Foust led Minneapolis scorers with 26 points, while Elgin Baylor made just 6 of 23 field goal attempts and scored 14 points.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Blue Light Yokohama--Ayumi Ishida (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Las Flechas Del Amor (Little Arrows)--Karina (4th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
2 Galveston--Glen Campbell
3 Time of the Season--The Zombies
4 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears
5 Traces--Classics IV
6 My Whole World Ended (The Moment You Left Me)--David Ruffin
7 Rock Me--Steppenwolf
8 Only the Strong Survive--Jerry Butler
9 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
10 Don't Give in to Him--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap

Singles entering the chart were Pinball Wizard by the Who (#69); Good Times Bad Times by Led Zeppelin (#74); The Boxer by Simon and Garfunkel (#84); Grazing in the Grass by the Friends of Distinction (#86); Gitarzan by Ray Stevens (#87); Emmaretta by Deep Purple (#88); Nothing But a Heartache by the Flirtations (#89); More Today than Yesterday by the Spiral Starecase (#91); Something's Happening by Herman's Hermits (#93); It's a Groovy World by the Unifics (#94); A Million to One by Brian Hyland (#95); Love is All I Have to Give by the Checkmates, Ltd. (#96); Back in the U.S.S.R. by Chubby Checker (#97); I Don't Want Nobody to Give Me Nothing (Open Up the Door, I’ll Get it Myself) by James Brown (#98); November Snow by Rejoice (#99); and Born Again by Sam & Dave (#100).

Died on this date
Emilio Arenales Catalán, 46
. Guatemalan diplomat and politician. Dr. Arenales began serving in various offices with the United Nations in 1946. He was Guatemala's Foreign Minister (1966-1969) and president of the 23rd General Assembly of the United Nations (1968-1969).

Technology
Request for Comments 1, titled Host Software, written by Steve Crocker of the University of California at Los Angeles as part of ARPANET--forerunner of the Internet--was published.

Law
The United States Supreme Court ruled unanimously that laws against reading obscene material in the privacy of one’s home were unconstitutional. Justice Thurgood Marshall declared, "Our whole constitutional heritage rebels at the thought of giving government the power to control men’s minds."

Medicine
Haskell Karp, the man who had been kept alive in Houston for 63 hours with the first artificial human heart, received the transplanted heart of a woman.

Economics and finance
The United States withdrew the threat of economic sanctions against Peru. In a move designed to foster Latin American confidence in the new United States administration, Secretary of State William Rogers announced an indefinite extension of a legally required aid cutoff in response to the expropriation of American oil facilities in Peru.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tragedy--Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Lay Your Love on Me--Racey
2 Fire!--Pointer Sisters
3 Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)--The Jacksons
4 In the Navy--Village People
5 Lucky Number--Lene Lovich
6 Ruthless Queen--Kayak
7 The Wild Places--Duncan Browne
8 Tragedy--Bee Gees
9 Mama Leone--Bino
10 The Runner--The Three Degrees

Singles entering the chart were Greenpeace by Teach In (#23); Hooray! Hooray! It's a Holi-Holiday by Boney M. (#25); One Way Ticket by Eruption (#29); Room with a View by Deco (#33); Goodnight Tonight by Wings (#37); Trash by Roxy Music (#38); and Colorado by Xandra (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard
1 I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor (3rd week at #1)
2 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers
3 Tragedy--Bee Gees
4 Sultans of Swing--Dire Straits
5 Shake Your Groove Thing--Peaches & Herb
6 Music Box Dancer--Frank Mills
7 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
8 Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart
9 Heart of Glass--Blondie
10 Lady--Little River Band

Singles entering the chart were Old Time Rock & Roll by Bob Seger & the Silver Bullet Band (#72); Diamonds by Chris Rea (#75); It Must Be Love by Alton McClain and Destiny (#77); Just the Same Way by Journey (#81); Give Me an Inch by Ian Matthews (#85); Body Heat by Alicia Bridges (#86); I (Who Have Nothing) by Sylvester (#87); Dancer by Gino Soccio (#88); Love is Gonna Come at Last by Badfinger (#89); (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay by Sammy Hagar (#90); and High on Your Love Suite by Rick James (#91).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers
2 Tragedy--Bee Gees
3 Music Box Dancer--Frank Mills
4 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
5 Sultans of Swing--Dire Straits
6 Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart
7 I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor
8 Every Time I Think of You--The Babys
9 Heart of Glass--Blondie
10 Lady--Little River Band

Singles entering the chart were The Logical Song by Supertramp (#84); Old Time Rock & Roll by Bob Seger & the Silver Bullet Band (#85); (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay by Sammy Hagar (#86); (Boogie Woogie) Dancin' Shoes by Claudja Barry (#87); Little Bit of Soap by Nigel Olsson (#88); You Says it All by Randy Brown (#89); Love is Gonna Come at Last by Badfinger (#90); and I Don't Want Nobody Else (To Dance with You) by Narada Michael Walden (#98).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Tragedy--Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)
2 I Just Fall in Love Again--Anne Murray
3 Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart
4 I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor
5 Heaven Knows--Donna Summer with Brooklyn Dreams
6 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers
7 (Boogie Woogie) Dancin' Shoes--Claudja Barry
8 Rasputin--Boney M.
9 Shake Your Groove Thing--Peaches & Herb
10 Forever in Blue Jeans--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were The Logical Song by Supertramp (#90); Holiday by Myles (#92); Such a Woman by Tycoon (#95); Get Used to It by Roger Voudouris (#96); Rock 'n' Roll Fantasy by Bad Company (#97); Sweet Lui-Louise by Ironhorse (#98); Don't You Write Her Off by McGuinn, Clark and Hillman (#99); and Love Takes Time by Orleans (#100).

Died on this date
Amir Habbas Hoveida, 59
. Iranian politician. Mr. Hoveida, who had served as Prime Minister from 1965-1977 and was a close adviser to the Shah, was executed in Tehran after a summary trial by an Islamic court.

Protest
3,000 anti-nuclear demonstrators protested the launching of the first Trident missile nuclear submarine in Groton, Connecticut.

Hockey
NHL
Washington 3 @ Montreal 10
Buffalo 2 @ Toronto 6

Baseball
Ken Forsch pitched a no-hitter as the Houston Astros defeated the Atlanta Braves 6-0 before 24,325 fans at the Astrodome. Just under a year earlier, Ken's brother Bob had pitched a no-hitter for the St. Louis Cardinals.



The Montreal Expos scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th inning to take a 6-5 lead over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 8,700 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh, and with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th and runners on first and third bases, Pittsburgh first baseman Willie Stargell grounded back to Montreal pitcher Elias Sosa for what should have been the third out. Mr. Sosa made an error that allowed pinch runner Matt Alexander to score the tying run, and then catcher Gary Carter made an error that allowed Dave Parker to score the winning run as the Pirates won 7-6.

George Hendrick led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a double and scored on a single by Ken Reitz to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 3-2 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 15,294 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Rick Waits pitched a 1-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Mike Torrez as the Cleveland Indians scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning and shut out the Boston Red Sox 3-0 before 47,231 fans at Cleveland Stadium. Jerry Remy's leadoff single in the 6th inning was the only hit off Mr. Waits. Mr. Torrez allowed just 4 hits in 7 2/3 innings, but a single, stolen base, three bases on balls, and a double by Duane Kuiper off relief pitcher Tom Burgmeier produced all the runs.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev had lunch with Queen Elizabeth II at Windsor Castle in London. Speaking at London's Guildhall, Mr. Gorbachev said that the U.S.S.R. was seeking to build an "open, democratic and free society."

Terrorism
A gunman hijacked a bus near Montreal and drove it to Parliament Hill in Ottawa, where he was disarmed by police.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate had declined to 4.9%, the lowest figure since 1973.

Disasters
The Soviet nuclear-powered submarine Komsomolets caught fire and sank in the Barents Sea off the coast of Norway, killing 42 sailors. 27 crewmen were rescued by Soviet fishing boats.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Finnish Singles Chart): Jos sulla on toinen--Taikapeili (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Agathe Uwilingiyimana, 40
. Prime Minister of Rwanda, 1993-1994. Miss Uwilingiyimana, a member of the Democratic Republican Movement, was a Hutu, and was assassinated during the first day of large-scale fighting between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda.

Abominations
Hutu extremists in Rwanda began massacring ethnic Tutsis and politically moderate Hutus.

Terrorism
Auburn Calloway attempted to hijack FedEx Express Flight 705--a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 cargo jet carrying electronics across the United States from Memphis, Tennessee to San Jose, California--and crash it to allow his family to benefit from his life insurance policy. The crew, despite suffering serious injuries, subdued him and landed the aircraft safely.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Heinz Lehmann, 87
. German-born Canadian psychiatrist. Dr. Lehmann emigrated to Canada in 1937; in 1947 he was appointed Clinical Director of Douglas Hospital in Montreal. Dr. Lehmann was chairman of the McGill University Psychiatry Department from 1971-1975, and served on the LeDain Commission on the non-medical use of drugs from 1969-1972. He was best known for his use of chlorpromazine for the treatment of schizophrenia in 1950s earning recognition as the "father of modern psychopharmacology." Dr. Lehmann supported decriminalization of marijuana use, and was a member of the American Psychiatric Association committee that removed homosexuality from its list of mental disorders in 1973.

War
NATO reported that Serb forces had burned 50 villages in the Yugoslavian province of Kosovo since April 4.

Diplomacy
Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji, continuing his visit to the United States, lifted an import ban on wheat from the Pacific northwest and on United States Department of Agriculture-inspected meat and poultry products.

Economics and finance
The World Trade Organization ruled in favour of the United States in its long-running trade dispute with Europe over bananas.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Dave Arneson, 61
. U.S. game designer. Mr. Arneson and Gary Gygax co-created the fantasy role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons in the early 1970s. Mr. Arneson died after a two-year battle with cancer.

Crime
Former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori was sentenced to 25 years in prison for ordering killings and kidnappings by security forces.

Protest
Mass protests began across Moldova under the belief that results from the parliamentary election were fraudulent.

Abominations
Vermont became the fourth U.S. state to legalize sodomite/lesbian "marriage."