Sunday, 26 March 2017

March 27, 2017

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
The British House of Lords passed the British North America Act. The BNA Act provided for a Senate of 72 life members: 24 each for Ontario and Québec, and 12 each for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The date of Confederation to be announced shortly; the BNA Act received royal assent on March 29.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Thorne Smith
. U.S. author. Mr. Smith wrote humourous supernatural fantasy fiction, and was best known for the novels Topper (1926) and Topper Takes a Trip (1932), both of which were made into popular movies. Mr. Smith died on June 21, 1934 of a heart attack at the age of 42.

Ferde Grofé. U.S. musician and composer. Mr. Grofé, a native of New York City, trained as a pianist and violinist and joined Paul Whiteman’s orchestra in 1917 as a pianist. From 1920-1932 he was employed by Mr. Whiteman as pianist, assistant conductor, orchestrator, and librarian. Mr. Grofé moved to the National Broadcasting Company as staff conductor in 1932, and joined the faculty of the Juilliard School in 1939. His best-known composition, Grand Canyon Suite, was first performed by Mr. Whiteman and his orchestra on November 22, 1931 at the Studebaker Theater in Chicago. Mr. Grofé's other compositions included Mississippi Suite (1926); Tabloid Suite (1932); Hollywood Suite (1935); Death Valley Suite (1949); Hudson River Suite (1955); and Niagara Falls Suite (1961). He died after a series of heart attacks on April 3, 1972, a week after his 80th birthday.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Cyrus Vance
. U.S. politician. Mr. Vance was U.S. Secretary of the Army in the administrations of Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson from 1962-1964, and Deputy Secretary of Defense in the administration of President Johnson from 1964-1967. He was Secretary of State in the administration of President Jimmy Carter from 1977-1980, and was known to prefer negotiation over conflict. Mr. Vance resigned in April 1980 in protest against Operation Eagle Claw, a failed attempt to rescue hostages from the U.S. embassy in Iran. He died on January 12, 2002 at the age of 84.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
Joe Start, 84
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Start, nicknamed "Old Reliable," was a first baseman with the Enterprise of Brooklyn (1860-1861) and Brooklyn Atlantics (1862-1870) in the National Association of Base Ball Players; the New York Mutuals (1871-1875) in the National Association; and the Mutuals (1876); Hartford Dark Blues (1877); Chicago White Stockings (1878); Providence Grays (1879-1885) and Washington Nationals (1886) in the National League, batting .295 with 8 home runs and 187 runs batted in in 272 games in the NA, and .300 with 7 homers and 357 RBIs in 798 games in the NL. He has been credited with originating the modern positioning of the first baseman.

75 years ago
1942


War
Philippine President Manuel Quezon and members of his war cabinet joined U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur in Australia after fleeing the Philippines as a result of invasion and occupation by Japanese forces.

Defense
The United States and Mexico signed a Lend-Lease agreement by which Mexico would receive planes, anti-aircraft guns, trucks, and locomotives.

Diplomacy
U.K. Lord Privy Seal Sir Stafford Cripps continued his mission in New Delhi, where he conferred with Mohandas Gandhi and two other Indian representatives of four million Hindu Sikhs. Sir Stafford had been sent to India by Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Secretary of State for India Leo Amery to secure India's full cooperation in the war effort.

Politics and government
After three weeks of debate, the United States Senate voted to permit William Langer (Republican--North Dakota) to retain his seat, rejecting Privileges and Elections Committee charges that he was guilty of moral turpitude.

Economics and finance
The Canadian Parliament passed the War Appropriation (United Kingdom) Finance Act; $700 million of British debt was written off, at a cost to each Canadian of $87.

Business
U.S. Assistant Attorney General Arnold told the Senate Defense Investigating Committee that Standard Oil Company had sought to deal in occupied France in 1941 and to establish Japanese connections in 1939 in case of U.S.-Japanese trade breakdowns.

Boxing
Joe Louis (53-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of Abe Simon (36-10-1) at 16 seconds of the 6th round at Madison Square Garden in New York. It was Mr. Louis’s 21st successful defense of his championship, his second against Mr. Simon, and his last before entering the United States Army. For Mr. Simon, it was his last professional fight.



70 years ago
1947


War
Reports from Nanking said that the Chinese Communists had established their headquarters in the Shansi city of Kolan, following the Nationalist capture of Yenan.

The U.S. State Department announced a worldwide search for Martin Bormann--deputy to German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler--amid rumours that he had escaped Berlin at the end of World War II.

Defense
The U.S. Navy reported that only the United Kingdom, Mexico, and Panama had returned any of the 4,795 naval vessels sent to U.S. allies under the Lend-Lease program in World War II.

Politics and government
Georgia Governor Melvin Thompson vetoed the "white primary" law, which he had earlier promised to support. The law had been sponsored by then-Governor Eugene Talmadge, who died in office on December 21, 1946. Mr. Thompson had taken office on March 18, after the Georgia Supreme Court had ruled in his favour in a dispute over who was the proper successor to Mr. Talmadge.

Economics and finance
Italy established its first post-World War II tie with Germany by signing a $4-million trade agreement with the French occupation zone.

Sweden accused the U.S.S.R. of violating the two countries' mutual trade agreement by demanding payment in dollars for Soviet good.

Labour
Despite protests from the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, New York Governor Thomas Dewey signed a state law barring strikes by public employees.

60 years ago
1957


Movies
The Academy Awards for 1956 were presented at the RKO Pantages Theatre in Hollywood. The winners included: Picture--Around the World in 80 Days; Director--George Stevens (Giant); Actor--Yul Brynner (The King and I); Actress--Ingrid Bergman (Anastasia); Supporting Actor--Anthony Quinn (Lust for Life); Supporting Actress--Dorothy Malone (Written on the Wind); Foreign Language Film--La Strada.



Defense
French Foreign Minister Christian Pineau told the National Assembly that France would back Israel's right to answer with force any Egyptian attack in the Gulf of Aqaba or from the Gaza Strip.

U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower charged that Soviet threats against construction of NATO bases in Norway were "completely indefensible."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate special foreign aid committee released a report in which Chamber of Commerce Chairman Clement Johnston charged that the governments of South Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, and Thailand were using American aid "to build and equip armed forces" to keep themselves in power."

U.S. President Eisenhower urged Congress to end "the Post Office deficit," claiming he had made "zero progress" in the area during the past four years.

Scandal
Teamsters union President Dave Beck invoked the 5th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution more than 80 times in refusing to tell the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Field of Labor-Management Relations whether he took more than $300,000 from the Teamsters' treasury in Seattle for his personal use.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Good Vibrations--The Beach Boys

Died on this date
Jaroslav Heyrovský, 76
. Czech chemist. Dr. Heyrovský was awarded the 1959 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his discovery and development of the polarographic methods of analysis."

Music
Fats Domino topped the bill as he began his first concert tour of England with a week-long engagement at the Saville Theatre in London. Gerry and the Pacemakers, the Bee Gees, and Rick Dane were the other acts.

Diplomacy
U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey arrived in Geneva to begin a mission to seven Western European countries.

Politics and government
Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Juxon-Smith became chairman of the the National Reformation Council (NRC) in Sierre Leone, four days after a bloodless military coup.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Diana Hyland, 41
. U.S. actress. Miss Hyland, born Diana Gentner, appeared in several plays and films, but was best known for guest appearances in numerous television programs and regular roles in the soap operas Young Doctor Malone (1958-1963) and Peyton Place (1968-1969). She had a supporting role in the made-for-television movie The Boy in the Plastic Bubble (1976), for which she won a posthumous Emmy Award. The film starred John Travolta, and the two became romantically involved, and remained so until her death from cancer.

Disasters
The worst aviation accident in history took place on the ground when a KLM Boeing 747 and a Pan Am Boeing 747 collided on a runway in fog at Los Rodeos Airport in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, killing 583 people (all 248 on KLM and 335 on Pan Am). 61 people on the Pan Am flight survived.

Boxing
In the United States Boxing Championships, John Dino Denis (29-1-1) won an 8-round decision over Leroy Jones (18-1-1) in a heavyweight bout; Vonzell Johnson (14-0) scored a technical knockout of Tony Greene (17-6-4) at 2:18 of the 3rd round of a light heavyweight bout; Bobby "Boogaloo" Watts (32-3-1) scored a technical knockout of David Love (28-13) at 1:41 of the 4th round of a middleweight bout; Floyd Mayweather (11-1) won an 8-round unanimous decision over Miguel Barreto (30-9-5) in a welterweight bout; Greg Coverson (10-0) won an 8-round decision over Jerry Kornele (15-5) in a lightweight bout; and James Martinez (33-4-1) won an 8-round split decision over Warren Matthews (17-4-2) in a featherweight bout. The card took place at Randolph Air Force Base in San Antonio, and was televised on ABC.

Hockey
WHA
Phoenix 4 @ Calgary 5

This blogger was in attendance at the Stampede Corral to see Lynn Powis score the winning goal in the last minute as the Cowboys edged the Roadrunners in an entertaining game.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Stay--Pierre Cosso & Bonnie Bianco (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
William Bowers, 71
. U.S. writer. Mr. Bowers was a reporter for Life magazine before embarking on a career as a screenwriter, often writing humourous Westerns. He was nominated for Academy Awards for his screenplays for The Gunfighter (1950) and The Sheepman (1958).

Abominations
Two days of massacres of Dinka civilians by government forces in southern Sudan concluded with approximately 1,500 fatalities.

War
Chad announced that its army had taken the town of Faya-Largeau, the last major Libyan stronghold in Chad, without a fight. The Libyans had been reported withdrawing from Faya-Largeau two days earlier.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Ronald Reagan, citing Japan’s failure to abide by a 1986 agreement forbidding Japanese companies from selling semiconductor chips in the United States for less than “fair market value” (as determined by the U.S.), announced that the United States would impose duties that would double the import prices of many electronic products imported from Japan.

The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.4% in February.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Das Boot--U96 (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
James E. Webb, 85
. U.S. bureaucrat. Mr. Webb held several positions in a long career in government, but was best known as Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration from 1961-1968. During his time as NASA Administrator the United States commenced putting men in space with Project Mercury (1961-1963) and Project Gemini (1965-1966), and prepared for Project Apollo. Mr. Webb left office four days before the liftoff of Apollo 7, the first manned mission of Project Apollo.

Protest
Fishermen in Newfoundland left idle by shutdowns and cutbacks in the Newfoundland fishery began a four-day protest, targeting foreign vessels that continued to fish on the Grand Banks, outside Canada’s 200-mile limit.

Energy
The government of New York State decided not to sign a $17-billion contract with Quebec Hydro for the $12.6- billion Great Whale Project.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Ring-A-Ling--Tiggy (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): C'mon baby yeah--Tehosekoitin (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Lane Dwinell, 90
. U.S. politician. Mr. Dwinell, a Republican, was Governor of New Hampshire from 1955-1959.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Paul Lauterbur, 77
. U.S. chemist. Dr. Lauterbur and Peter Mansfield shared the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning magnetic resonance imaging."

Football
NFL
Club owners voted to make the use of instant replay a permanent officiating tool.

March 26, 2017

125 years ago
1892


Died on this date
Walt Whitman, 72
. U.S. poet. Mr. Whitman was one of the most influential poets in American history, and has been called the "father of free verse." He was best known for the collection Leaves of Grass, which was published in several editions from 1855-1892.

Diplomacy
An extradition treaty between France and the United States was signed in Paris.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Rufus Thomas
. U.S. singer. Mr. Thomas was a rhythm and blues singer-songwriter who was popular from the 1950s through the 1970s. His hit singles included Walking the Dog (1963); Do the Funky Chicken (1969); and (Do the) Push and Pull (Part 1) (1970). Mr. Thomas died on December 15, 2001 at the age of 84.

War
British troops were halted after 17,000 Turks blocked their advance in the First Battle of Gaza.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals @ Seattle Ice Arena
Montreal Canadiens (NHA) 1 @ Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) 9 (Seattle won best-of-five series 2-1)

Bernie Morris scored 6 goals for the Metropolitans as they defeated the Canadiens to become the first American team to win the Stanley Cup. Jack Laviolette scored the Montreal goal in the 3rd period to break up Hap Holmes' bid for a shutout. The game was played under National Hockey Association rules, where the teams used six players per side. It was the last game ever for a team from the NHA, as it dissolved and was reconstituted as the National Hockey League later in the year.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Jimmy Burke, 67
. U.S. baseball player, coach, and manager. Mr. Burke was a third baseman with the Cleveland Spiders (1898); St. Louis Perfectos/Cardinals (1899, 1903-1905); Milwaukee Brewers (1901); Chicago White Sox (1901); and Pittsburgh Pirates (1902), batting .244 with 1 home run and 187 runs batted in in 550 games. He was with the Brewers in 1900 when the American League was a minor league, and was a member of the Pirates' National League championship team in 1902. Mr. Burke managed the Cardinals in 1905 and the St. Louis Browns from 1918-1920, compiling a record of 206-236. He coached with the Detroit Tigers (1914-1917); Boston Red Sox (1921-1923); Chicago Cubs (1926-1930); and New York Yankees (1931-1933), and was with the Yankees when they won the World Series in 1932.

War
The British Royal Air Force conducted heavy raids on the Ruhr industrial centre of Germany and on the docks of St. Nazaire, France. German bombers subjected Malta to its heaviest mass raid in a week, losing four planes. Japanese planes subjected Corregidor in Manila Bay to "almost continuous bombardment." Chinese defenders beat back Japanese assault troops attacking Toungoo from all sides.

Abominations
The first female prisoners arrived at Auschwitz concentration camp in German-occupied Poland.

World events
Police in Rio de Janeiro smashed a German spy ring, arresting more than 200 people and capturing four secret radio stations.

Business
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order giving the Army, Navy, and Maritime Commission power to make or guarantee loans to small businesses in order to increase war production.

Labour
American Federation of Labor President William Green and Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray pledged that they would oppose all strikes for any cause for the duration of World War II.

70 years ago
1947


Religion
The Italian Constituent Assembly approved a constitutional provision making the Roman Catholic Church the tax-supported state religion of the Republic of Italy.

Politics and government
The Paraguayan government ended martial law in order to deny military rebels belligerent status in the eyes of other countries.

U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover stated before the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities that U.S. Communists are "a fifth column if there ever was one," but advised against outlawing the party.

The United States Senate Rules Committee issued a favourable report on President Harry Truman's request that the Speaker of the House of Representatives follow the Vice President in the presidential succession.

Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King ended meat rationing, but retained price controls on meat products.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Édouard Herriot, 84
. Prime Minister of France, 1924-1925, 1926, 1932. Mr. Herriot was a member of the Radical Party, and served three terms as Prime Minister, all for less than a year (his second term lasted just from July 20-23, 1926). He also held other offices, including President of the Chamber of Deputies (1925-1926, 1936-1940). While serving in federal politics, Mr. Herriot also served as Mayor of Lyon from 1905-1942 and 1945-1957 (he was exiled from 1942-1945 for opposing the Vichy French regime during World War II).

Max Ophüls, 54. German-born film director. Mr. Ophüls, born Maximillian Oppenheimer, began his career in Germany, but moved to France after the Nazi takeover of Germany in 1933, and worked in Hollywood from 1947-1950. His films, which were known for elaborate camera movements and tracking shots, included Liebelei (1933); Caught (1949); The Reckless Moment (1949); Le Plaisir (1952); and Lola Montès (1955). Mr. Ophüls died from rheumatic heart disease.

Diplomacy
Canadian Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent and U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan issued a communique following two days of talks in Bermuda reaffirming "the close and continuous cooperation" between their countries, and revealing terms of a contract for British purchase of $115 million worth of Canadian uranium during the next five years.

Transportation
The government of Egypt presented to the United States and seven other countries a draft declararation on the operation of the Suez Canal, reasserting demands that the waterway "be operated and managed by the autonomous [Egyptian] Suez Canal Authority."

Defense
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower nominated Air Force Chief of Staff General Nathan Twining to succeed Admiral Arthur Radford as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for a two-year term, while also naming Air Force Secretary Donald Quarles to succeed Reuben Robertson, Jr. as Deputy Defense Secretary.

Economics and finance
U.S. and Tunisian officials signed an agreement in Tunis under which Tunisia would receive a gift of $5 million in American goods and $500,000 to be used for training Tunisian technicians abroad.

Protest
A U.S. federal grand jury in New York indicted folk singer Pete Seeger and actors Elliot Sullivan and George Tyne on contempt of Congress charges for refusing to answer questions before the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities during a 1955 investigation of Communism in entertainment.

50 years ago
1967


Protest
An estimated 10,065 people attended a "Be-In" at Sheep Meadow in Central Park, New York City, to protest against the Vietnam War and whatever else they felt like protesting or supporting.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Honky Tonky Train Blues--Keith Emerson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Living Next Door to Alice--Smokie (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Go Your Own Way--Fleetwood Mac

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Chanson D'Amour--The Manhattan Transfer (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rich Girl--Daryl Hall and John Oates

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rich Girl--Daryl Hall and John Oates
2 Love Theme from "A Star is Born" (Evergreen)--Barbra Streisand
3 Dancing Queen--ABBA
4 Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul
5 Don't Leave Me this Way--Thelma Houston
6 The Things We Do for Love--10 C.C.
7 Carry On Wayward Son--Kansas
8 Torn Between Two Lovers--Mary MacGregor
9 I Like Dreamin'--Kenny Nolan
10 So Into You--Atlanta Rhythm Section

Singles entering the chart were Feels Like the First Time by Foreigner (#77); Cinderella by Firefall (#85); Margaritaville by Jimmy Buffett (#91); Slow Dancin' Don't Turn Me On by the Addrisi Brothers (#92); I'll Be Standing By by Foghat (#95); Ain't Gonna Bump No More (With No Big Fat Woman) by Joe Tex (#96); Six Packs a Day by Billy Lemmons (#99); and It Ain't Easy Comin' Down by Charlene (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Love Theme from "A Star is Born" (Evergreen)--Barbra Streisand (3rd week at #1)
2 Fly Like an Eagle--Steve Miller Band
3 Dancing Queen--ABBA
4 I Like Dreamin'--Kenny Nolan
5 The Things We Do for Love--10 C.C.
6 Carry On Wayward Son--Kansas
7 Rich Girl--Daryl Hall and John Oates
8 Year of the Cat--Al Stewart
9 Don't Leave Me this Way--Thelma Houston
10 Long Time--Boston

Singles entering the chart were Can't Stop Dancin' by Captain and Tennille (#95); Tie Your Mother Down by Queen (#96); Whodunit by Tavares (#97); Cherry Baby by Starz (#98); Old Fashioned Boy (You're the One) by Stallion (#99); and Hello Stranger by Yvonne Elliman (#100).

Hockey
NHL
Boston 7 @ Toronto 5
Detroit 0 @ Montreal 4

30 years ago
1987


Died on this date
Walter Abel, 88
. U.S. actor. Mr. Abel was a character actor who appeared in plays, radio and television programs, and more than 200 movies from 1918 through the 1980s, including The Three Musketeers (1935); Fury (1936); and Holiday Inn (1942).

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average posted another record high of 2,372.59.

Hockey
NHL
Boston 4 Edmonton 1

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Stay--Shakespears Sister (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Barbara Frum, 54
. Canadian journalist. Mrs. Frum co-hosted the CBC radio show As it Happens from 1971-1982 and then moved to television to host the news program The Journal from 1982-1992 until her death from cancer.

Crime
A judge in Indianapolis sentenced former world heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson to six years in prison for the July 1991 rape of Desiree Washington, 18, who was representing Rhode Island in the Miss Black America pageant.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product had grown at an annual rate of 0.4% during the fourth quarter of 1991, and that the GDP had declined 0.7% for all of 1991.

20 years ago
1997


Abominations
Police officers in the San Diego–area community of Rancho Santa Fe, California found the bodies of 39 members of the unidentified flying objects cult Heaven's Gate in the mansion which they rented. The dead included the movement's founder and leader, Marshall Herff Applewhite, 65. The people who committed suicide--consuming a combination of phenobarbitol and apple sauce, washed down with vodka, followed by securing plastic bags around their heads in order to cause asphyxiation--did so in order to reach what they believed was an extraterrestrial spacecraft following Comet Hale–Bopp, which was then clearly visible from Earth.



10 years ago
2007


Politics and government
The Liberals, led by Premier Jean Charest, dropped from 76 seats to 48 in the Quebec provincial election, but maintained power, leading Quebec's first minority government in over 125 years. The Parti Action Democratique, led by Mario Dumont, became the official opposition with 41 seats--an increase of 37 from the most recent election in 2003--with the Parti Quebecois, led by André Boisclair, falling to third with 36 seats, a loss of 9.

Saturday, 25 March 2017

March 25, 2017

1,300 years ago
717


Politics and government
Emperor Theodosius III, who had reigned for two years, resigned the throne of the Byzantine Empire to enter the clergy; he was succeeded by Leo III.

250 years ago
1767


Born on this date
Joachim Murat
. King of Naples, 1808-1815. Mr. Murat was an Admiral of France under Napoleon Bonaparte. His forces were defeated in the Battle of Tolentino in May 1815 and fled to Corsica, but fomented an insurrection in Calabria in an attempt to regain power in Naples. Mr. Murat was unsuccessful, and was executed by firing squad on October 13, 1815 at the age of 48.

210 years ago
1807


Society
King George III proclaimed the Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade in the British Empire; the abolition campaign had been led by British MP William Wilberforce. The Royal Navy was to set up the West Africa Squadron (or Preventative Squadron) to enforce the law.

Transportation
The Swansea and Mumbles Railway in Wales, then known as the Oystermouth Railway, became the first railway in the world to carry passengers.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Gutzon Borglum
. U.S. sculptor. Mr. Borglum was best known for designing the sculpture of four American presidents at Mount Rushmore, South Dakota. The work was unfinished at the time of Mr. Borglum's death from surgical complications on March 6, 1941 at the age of 73, but was completed under the supervision of his son Lincoln.

Arturo Toscanini. Italian orchestra conductor. Mr. Toscanini was one of the most famous conductors of the 20th century. His many achievements included service as the first director of the NBC Symphony Orchestra (1937-1954). Mr. Toscanini died on January 16, 1957 at the age of 89.

110 years ago
1907


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Challenge series @ Winnipeg Auditorium
Kenora Thistles 6 Montreal Wanderers 5 (Montreal won 2-game total goals series 12-8)

Fred Whitecroft scored 2 goals, and Tommy Phillips, Alf Smith, Roxy Beaudro, and Si Griffis each scored 1, but it wasn't enough to overcome Montreal's 7-2 lead after the first game as the Wanderers held on to recapture the Cup, which they had lost to the Thistles two months earlier. Moose Johnson scored 2 goals for the Wanderers, with Lester Patrick, Pud Glass, and Ernie Russell also scoring for Montreal.

100 years ago
1917


Religion
The Georgian Orthodox Church restored its autocephaly, which had been abolished by Imperial Russia in 1811.

80 years ago
1937


Hockey
NHL
Stanley
Cup
Quarter-Finals
Montreal Maroons 0 @ Boston 4

Montreal defenceman Lionel Conacher took the first penalty shot in Stanley Cup play, and was stopped by goalie Tiny Thompson, who recorded the shutout for the Bruins.

75 years ago
1942


War
Japanese troops cut the Toungoo-Mandalay road at Kyungon, Burma. Japanese bombers raided the harbour defenses of Manila Bay, including Corregidor and Bataan.

Diplomacy
U.K. Lord Privy Seal Sir Stafford Cripps was in New Delhi, where he presented to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Mohammed Ali Jinnah a secret British plan to settle the issue of Indian self-government. Sir Stafford had been sent to India by Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Secretary of State for India Leo Amery to secure India's full cooperation in the war effort.

Society
U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that the Justice Department would take steps to revoke U.S. citizenship of foreign-born persons on clear proof that they were disloyal at the time they took their oath of allegiance.

Business
In a consent agreement filed in U.S. District Court in Newark, New Jersey, all patents of Standard Oil Company of New Jersey for manufacture of synthetic rubber and gasoline were made available to American industry for the duration of World War II without payment of royalties.

Basketball
NCAA
NIT @ Madison Square Garden, New York
Final
West Virginia 47 Kentucky 45

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
Indonesian and Dutch representatives in Batavia signed the Cheribon Agreement, granting de facto recognition to the Republic of Indonesia and providiing for Indonesian sovereignty effective January 1, 1949.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department reported that the U.S.S.R. had indicated willingness to hand the port of Darien over to Nationalist Chinese forces as provided for in the Sino-Soviet Treaty of August 14, 1945.

The United States Senate passed a bill authorizing U.S. membership in the International Refugee Organization.

Health
The U.S. Atomic Bomb Casualty Committee reported some abnormalities among children recently born to atomic bomb victims in the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Disasters
111 miners were killed an explosion at a coal mine in Centralia, Illinois; it was the worst such disaster in the United States since 1928.

Flooding from a broken dam on the Oder River near Kustrin caused several deaths and left more than 17,000 Poles and Germans homeless.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's championship @ New York
Final
Holy Cross 58 Oklahoma 47

60 years ago
1957


Literature
United States Customs officials seized copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem Howl (1956) on grounds of obscenity.

Diplomacy
Envoys from France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands signed the Treaty of Rome, establishing the European Economic Community and the European Community of Atomic Energy.

Canadian Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent began a two-day meeting with British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan in Bermuda.

Energy
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Chairman Lewis Strauss testified before the Joint Congressional Atomic Energy Committee that the chances against anyone being killed in a U.S. atomic plant explosion under current conditions were 50 million to 1.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that U.S. payments to foreign countries had exceeded recepits by $1 billion this fiscal year.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Georgy Girl--The Seekers

#1 single in France: Hey Joe--Johnny Hallyday (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Cuore matto--Little Tony (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Dear Mrs. Applebee--David Garrick (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Release Me--Engelbert Humperdinck

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Release Me--Engelbert Humperdinck (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Happy Together--The Turtles

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Penny Lane--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Happy Together--The Turtles
3 There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits
4 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Mamas and the Papas
5 Ruby Tuesday--The Rolling Stones
6 Sock it To Me--Baby!--Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels
7 Baby I Need Your Lovin'--Johnny Rivers
8 Then You Can Tell Me Goodbye--The Casinos
9 My Cup Runneth Over--Ed Ames
10 For What It's Worth--Buffalo Springfield

Singles entering the chart were A Little Bit Me, a Little Bit You by the Monkees (#32); Pipe Dream by the Blues Magoos (#73); I'm a Man by the Spencer Davis Group (#76); Can't Get Enough of You, Baby by ? and the Mysterians (#80); Sunday for Tea by Peter and Gordon (#81); I'll Try Anything by Dusty Springfield (#88); Lonely Again by Eddy Arnold (#93); Matthew and Son by Cat Stevens (#97); Hip Hug-Her by Booker T. and the M.G.'s (#99); Nothing Takes the Place of You by Toussaint McCall (#100); and Dead End Street by Lou Rawls (also #100). Pipe Dream was the other side of There's a Chance We Can Make It, charting at #92.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Penny Lane--The Beatles
2 Happy Together--The Turtles
3 Sock it To Me--Baby!--Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels
4 Baby I Need Your Lovin'--Johnny Rivers
5 Canada--The Young Canada Singers
6 Then You Can Tell Me Goodbye--The Casinos
7 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Mamas and the Papas
8 For What it's Worth--Buffalo Springfield
9 A Little Bit Me, a Little Bit You--The Monkees
10 There's a Kind of Hush--Herman's Hermits

Singles entering the chart were Somethin' Stupid by Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra (#58); Pipe Dream by the Blues Magoos (#79); Hold On I'm Coming by Chuck Jackson and Maxine Brown (#86); Because of You by Chris Montez (#90); Laudy Miss Claudy by the Buckinghams (#91); Mercy, Mercy, Mercy by Marlena Shaw (#93); For He's a Jolly Good Fellow by Bobby Vinton (#96); Gonna Give Her All the Love I've Got by Jimmy Ruffin (#98); and Lonely Again by Eddy Arnold (#100).

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Shenandoah--Jan Lindblad (5th week at #1)

On the radio
CBS Radio Mystery Theater
Tonight's episode: A Study in Scarlet, starring Kevin McCarthy and Court Benson

Politics and government
Jacques Chirac was formally elected Mayor of Paris, becoming the first person to hold the office since it was abolished in 1871.

Crime
An all-white jury in New Brunswick, New Jersey convicted Joanne Chesimard, a Negress, of two counts of first-degree murder and six counts of assault and related charges in the 1973 slaying of a New Jersey state trooper and the wounding of another in a shootout on the New Jersey Turnpike. Ms. Chesimard denounced the jury as "racist," charging "You have convicted a woman who had her hands in the air." On the stand, Ms. Chesimard contended that she had never handled a gun and had been shot by one of the troopers while she was emerging from her car, which had been stopped for a defective tail light.

Disasters
30 people were reported dead in an earthquake that struck the mountainous Turkish province of Elazig.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Caravan of Love--The Housemartins (7th week at #1)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Stockholm--Orup (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Carnal Knowledge

Died on this date
Nancy Walker, 69
. U.S. actress. Miss Walker, born Anna Myrtle Swoyer, was a comic actress who achieved success on Broadway, but was best-known for her television appearances in the 1970s, especially as Ida Morgenstern in the series Rhoda (1974-1978). She died of lung cancer.

Space
Russian Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returned to Earth from the Mir space station after a 10-month stay, during which his native country, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, had ceased to exist. Flight Engineer Krikalev was part of the five-man crew of Soyuz TM-12, which lifted off on May 18, 1991. When the remaining crew members returned to Earth on October 10, Mr. Krikalev agreed to stay on board Mir for the next mission, Soyuz TM-13 which lifted off on October 2. Soyuz TM-13 was commanded by Aleksandr Volkov, who returned to Earth with Mr. Krikalev.

Defense
United Nations weapons experts in Baghdad began destroying Iraq’s SCUD missile production and repair facilities.

Business
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced that it would lift restrictions on foreign ownership in Canada's oil and gas industry.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 2 Winnipeg 2

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Andranik Margaryan, 55
. Prime Minister of Armenia, 2000-2007. Mr. Margaryan, a member of the Republican party, took office as Prime Minister after Aram Sargsyan was dismissed by President Robert Kocharyan. Mr. Margaryan died in office from a heart attack, and was succeeded by Serzh Sargsyan.

Figure skating
Brian Joubert of France won the gold medal in the men's competition at the world championships at Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium. Daisuke Takahashi of Japan won the silver medal, and Stéphane Lambiel of Switzerland won the bronze medal.

Thursday, 23 March 2017

March 24, 2017

310 years ago
1707


Britannica
The Acts of Union 1707 were signed, officially uniting the Kingdoms and parliaments of England and Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain.

180 years ago
1837


Politics and government
Lower Canada gave Negro men the right to vote.

110 years ago
1907


Journalism
The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper Dro was published.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
John Kendrew
. U.K. biochemist and crystallographer. Dr. Kendrew and Max Perutz shared the 1962 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for their studies of the structures of globular proteins." Dr. Kendrew died on August 23, 1997 at the age of 80.

90 years ago
1927


War
Foreign warships bombarded Nanking, China in defense of foreign citizens within the city.

80 years ago
1937


Politics and government
Labour activist Helena Gutteridge became the first woman elected to Vancouver, British Columbia's city council.

75 years ago
1942


War
German dive bombers attacked the southeastern English coast cities of Dover, Portland, and Newhaven. 54 Japanese bombers attacked Allied positions on Corregidor and Bataan, but caused only slight damage. Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King announced new regulations raising the draft age limit from 24 to 30, and closing non-war occupations to men of military age who were physically fit.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Anniversary Song--Al Jolson (2nd week at #1)
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Dinah Shore
--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Andy Russell
2 Managua, Nicaragua--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
3 Heartaches--Ted Weems and his Orchestra
--Harry James and his Orchestra
4 (I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons--King Cole Trio
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
5 Guilty--Margaret Whiting
--Johnny Desmond
6 How are Things in Glocca Morra--Dick Haymes
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Buddy Clark
--Martha Tilton
7 Open the Door, Richard!--Louis Jordan and the Tympany Five
--Count Basie and his Orchestra
--The Three Flames
--"Dusty Fletcher
--Jack McVea and the All-Stars
8 Linda--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
9 I'll Close My Eyes--Andy Russell
--Johnny Desmond

Singles entering the chart were the version of Heartaches by Harry James and his Orchestra and All by Myself by Buddy Clark (#21).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Scarlet Worm

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight`s episode: What Killed Vaudeville?

Diplomacy
United Nations Secretary-General Trygve Lie revealed a March 5 letter from five Greek leftist parties protesting U.S. and U.K. "intervention" in Greece.

World events
Syrian Prime Minister Jamil Mardam Bey warned the country's Jews that pending legislation would impose a death penalty on Jewish refugees trying to reach Palestine and persons helping them.

Politics and government
Viscount Louis Mountbatten took the oath of office in New Delhi as the United Kingdom's last Viceroy of India.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities began hearings on proposals to restrict Communist activities in the United States, and heard former U.S. Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. William Bullitt charge that the Communist Party sought to prepare for a Soviet attack on the United States.

Defense
Acting U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson, War Secretary James Patterson, and Navy Secretary James Forrestal testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, with all advocating aid to Greece and Turkey.

The B-45 Tornado strategic bomber made its first flight from Muroc Army Air Field in California.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman conferred with congressional leaders to urge extended war controls over certain scarce goods, including sugar and rice.

Basketball
NIT
Final @ Madison Square Garden, New York
Utah 49 Kentucky 45

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: I Killed the Count: Part 2, starring John Williams and Alan Napier

Died on this date
Brewster Wilson
; Kevin Carroll. U.S. aid officials. Messrs. Wilson and Carroll, as well as Mr. Carroll's wife and their two Iranian drivers were killed by Iranian bandits who ambushed their jeep in the Tangeorkheh desert near the Pakistani border.

Defense
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower and U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan concluded four days of talks in Bermuda, announcing that "in the interest of mutual defense and mutual economy, certain guided missiles will be made available by the United States for use by British forces."

Dublin's Lord Mayor Robert Briscoe, defending the Irish government's unwillingness to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, said that Ireland could not be expected to participate in an alliance with a nation that was "occupying" Irish territory, and would not do so "until we are a united nation."

Labour
American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations President Walter Reuther urged the AFL-CIO Executive Council to expel Teamsters union President Dave Beck if he failed to show his financial records to the U.S. Senate investigating committee investigating improper labour activities.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I'm a Believer--The Monkees (5th week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields Forever--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 There's a Kind of Hush/No Milk Today--Herman's Hermits
3 The Return of the Red Baron--The Royal Guardsmen
4 The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy)--Harpers Bizarre
5 Baby I Need Your Lovin'--Johnny Rivers
6 Morningtown Ride--The Seekers
7 This is My Song--Petula Clark
8 Canada--The Young Canada Singers
9 Go Where You Wanna Go--The 5th Dimension
10 A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You--The Monkees
Pick hit of the week: Rovin' Heart--The Lords
New this week: At the Zoo--Simon and Garfunkel
Shotgun--Wes Dakus
Bernadette--Four Tops
Destiny's Child--Sonny Curtis
Don't Do It--Micky Dolenz

The B-side of At the Zoo was Simon and Garfunkel's original version of The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy).

40 years ago
1977


Religion
Joseph Ratzinger, the future Pope Benedict XVI, was named Roman Catholic Archbishop of Munich and Freising.

30 years ago
1987


Scandal
U.S. Marine Sergeant Clayton Lonetree, a guard at the United States embassy in Moscow, was arrested on 24 charges, including espionage and failure to report espionage. Three days later, military prosecutors said that Sgt. Lonetree and Corporal Arnold Bracy had been enticed by Soviet women into working for the KGB—the Soviet secret police—and that they had provided Soviet agents with access to sensitive areas of the embassy, including the room where secret messages were coded and decoded.

Politics and government
Former U.S. Secretary of State Alexander Haig announced that he would seek the 1988 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States.

25 years ago
1992


Defense
Chemical weapons inspectors left Iraq after completing the destruction of more than 460 chemical rockets.

Politics and government
Former California Governor Jerry Brown narrowly upset Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton in the Connecticut primary for the 1992 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States.

Journalism
Punch, Britain's oldest satirical magazine, announced that it would cease publication after 150 years.

Hockey
NHL
Mario Lemieux of the Pittsburgh Penguins scored his 1,000th career point in a game against the Detroit Red Wings.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Every Day is a Winding Road--Sheryl Crow (3rd week at #1)
2 One Headlight--The Wallflowers
3 Discotheque--U2
4 You were Meant for Me--Jewel
5 Dark Horse--Amanda Marshall
6 A Long December--Counting Crows
7 Falling in Love (Is Hard on the Knees)--Aerosmith
8 Lovefool--The Cardigans
9 Resurrection--Moist
10 Don't Speak--No Doubt

Singles entering the chart were Your Woman by White Town (#93); If He Should Break Your Heart by Journey (#95); No Regrets by the Breits (#96); Female of the Species by Space (#97); She's a Star by James (#98); Can't Get Excited by the Monoxides (#99); and Give by Dishwalla (#100).

Movies
The Academy Awards for 1996 were presented at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. The winners included: Picture--The English Patient; Director--Anthony Minghella (The English Patient); Actor--Geoffrey Rush (Shine); Actress; Frances McDormand (Fargo); Supporting Actor--Cuba Gooding, Jr. (Jerry Maguire); Supporting Actress--Juliette Binoche (The English Patient); Foreign Language Film: Kolya.

10 years ago
2007


Figure skating
Miki Ando and Mao Asada of Japan won gold and silver medals, respectively, in the ladies' competition in the world championships at Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium. Kim Yuna of South Korea won the bronze medal.

March 23, 2017

175 years ago
1842


Died on this date
Stendhal, 59
. French author. Stendhal, whose real name was Marie-Henri Beyle, was best known for his novels Le Rouge et le Noir (The Red and the Black) (1830) and La Chartreuse de Parme (The Charterhouse of Parma) (1839). He died a few hours after collapsing with a seizure.

160 years ago
1857


Technology
Elisha Otis's first elevator was installed at 488 Broadway in New York City.

110 years ago
1907


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Challenge series @ Winnipeg Auditorium
Montreal Wanderers 7 Kenora Thistles 2 (First game of 2-game total goals series)

Ernie Russell scored 4 goals, Pud Glass 2, and Moose Johnson another as the Wanderers routed the Thistles in an attempt to regain the Cup, which they had lost to Kenora two months earlier. Tommy Phillips and Alf Smith scored the Kenora goals. The series was to have begun in Kenora on March 20, but the ice was reported to be unplayable.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Perry F. Rockwood
. Canadian clergyman. A native of New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, Pastor Rockwood came to know Jesus Christ and his Lord and Saviour in the mid-1930s, and became a Presbyterian minister in Nova Scotia. He became increasingly concerned about apostasy, and when he delivered a series of sermons titled "The Church Sick Unto Death," he was ordered by higher-ups in the Presbyterian Church to burn his sermons or resign. He resigned, and started his own independent church. On September 7, 1947, Pastor Rockwood went on radio with the first broadcast of the People's Gospel Hour, which continues today. Pastor Rockwood went to be with the Lord 16 days before his 91st birthday. I had the pleasure of attending Missionary Bible Church in Halifax in 1991 and meeting Pastor Rockwood.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals @ Seattle Ice Arena
Montreal Canadiens (NHA) 1 @ Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) 4 (Seattle led best-of-five series 2-1)

Bernie Morris scored 3 goals and Frank Foyston added another for the Metropolitans as they defeated the Canadiens in a game played under Pacific Coast Hockey Association rules, where the teams used seven players per side.

80 years ago
1937


Politics and government
John Bowen was installed as Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta, succeeding Philip Primrose, who had died on March 17.

75 years ago
1942


War
Japanese forces occupied the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal, and carried out their heaviest air raid of the war, against Port Moresby, New Guinea.

Defense
Associated Press reported from Buenos Aires that the Argentine military mission to Washington was returning home because it was unable to purchase any arms.

Diplomacy
U.K. Lord Privy Seal Sir Stafford Cripps arrived in New Delhi, saying that he would stay for only two weeks, and wanted a "quick decision" on British proposals for Indian self-government. Sir Stafford had been sent to India by Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Secretary of State for India Leo Amery to secure India's full cooperation in the war effort.

Society
The first 1,000 Japanese-Americans evacuated by the U.S. Army during World War II arrived at the internment camp in Manzanar, California.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Administration froze retail prices on refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, stoves, washing and ironing machines, radio sets, phonographs, and typewriters, effective March 30, 1942.

Labour
The federal manager of the Toledo, Peoria & Western Railroad reached agreement with railroad brotherhoods to end the strike against the line.

70 years ago
1947


Diplomacy
The first Inter-Asian Relations Conference, attended by 250 delegates of 25 Far Eastern nations, opened in New Delhi.

The U.S. State Department charged in documents submitted to the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee that the U.S.S.R. was waging a "war of nerves" against Turkey, but claimed the Turks "are united...in resisting outside pressure."

Labour
United Auto Workers of America President Walter Reuther attempted unsuccessfully to oust the union's national legislative representative, Irving Richter, whom Mr. Reuther criticized as a "leftist influence."

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Singing the Blues--Guy Mitchell (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Cindy, Oh Cindy--Wolfgang Sauer (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Young Love--Tab Hunter (5th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Young Love--Tab Hunter (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Jukebox--3rd week at #1; Top 100--6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Young Love--Tab Hunter (3rd week at #1)
--Sonny James
2 Teen-Age Crush--Tommy Sands
3 Marianne--Terry Gilkyson and the Easy Riders
--The Hilltoppers
4 Butterfly--Charlie Gracie
--Andy Williams
5 Round and Round--Perry Como
6 Party Doll--Buddy Knox with the Rhythm Orchids
--Steve Lawrence
7 Too Much--Elvis Presley
8 I'm Walkin'--Fats Domino
9 Banana Boat (Day-O)--Harry Belafonte
10 Don't Forbid Me--Pat Boone

Singles entering the chart were Ninety-Nine Ways (#34)/Don't Get Around Much Anymore (#48) by Tab Hunter; Bahama Mama (#36)/You're Mine (#45) by the Four Aces; Love is a Golden Ring by Frankie Laine (#43); and He's Mine by the Platters (#44).

Defense
Announcing himself as the official who "asked for the intervention of Soviet troops" against the 1956 uprising, Hungarian Minister of State Gyorgy Marosan said in Budapest that U.S.S.R. forces "will remain in Hungary as long as American troops are stationed in Europe."

Labour
American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations President Walter Reuther announced plans to set up a public review board of prmominent citizens to guard against racketeering or corruption in the labour movement.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's Championship
Final @ Kansas City
North Carolina 54 Kansas 53 (3 OT)

Joe Quigg made two free throws in the final 6 seconds of the third overtime period and blocked a field goal attempt by Wilt Chamberlain as the Tar Heels edged the Jayhawks to complete the season with a 32-0 record. Mr. Chamberlain led all scorers with 23 points.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Release Me--Engelbert Humperdinck (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
Dragnet 1967, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Jade Story



World events
Two days after a military coup led by Brigadier General David Lansana had abducted Prime Minister Siaka Stevens from the State House in Freetown several hours after Mr. Stevens had taken the oath of office as Prime Minister of Sierra Leone, however, a group of senior army officers led by Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Juxon-Smith, an ethnic Creole, in turn seized control of the government, arrested Brigadier General Lansana, and suspended the constitution. Martial law was maintained, and all political parties were dissolved. The group constituted itself as the National Reformation Council (NRC), with Lieutenant Colonel Juxon-Smith as its chairman. Brigadier General Lansana was an ethnic Mende, while Mr. Stevens was an ethnic Limba, and the Mendes were unhappy about the result of the March 17 election.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA

Television
British journalist David Frost taped the first of 12 interviews (over four weeks) with former United States President Richard Nixon about the Watergate scandal.

Politics and government
The British Labour Party government of Prime Minister James Callaghan survived a "no confidence" vote in the House of Commons by a margin of 322-298, thanks to the support of 13 Liberal MPs. The motion was made by the opposition Conservative Party.

Economics and finance
The cabinet of West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt approved a $6.7-billion program to stimulate the country's economy.

Disasters
Earthquakes on two consecutive days in southern Iran resulted in the deaths of 167 people in villages near the Persian Gulf city of Bandar Abbas.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): I Knew You were Waiting for Me--Aretha Franklin and George Michael (2nd week at #1)

Terrorism
31 people were injured after a car bomb planted by the Irish Republican Army exploded at the British army base at Rheindahlen, West Germany.

Disasters
Six American skiers and their Canadian guide were killed in an avalanche near Kamloops, British Columbia.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Kersantti Karoliina--Popeda (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Friedrich von Hayek, 92
. Austrian-born U.K. economist. A champion of economic freedom, Dr. Hayek was best known for his book The Road to Serfdom (1944). He shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences with Gunnar Myrdal of Sweden "for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena."

Ron Lapointe, 42. Canadian hockey coach. Mr. Lapointe coached the Shawinigan Cataractes of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League and the Fredericton Express of the American Hockey League before moving up to the National Hockey League, where he was head coach of the Quebec Nordiques from 1987-89, compiling a record of 33-50-6. He was forced to resign his position because of a kidney tumour. Mr. Lapointe then returned to the American Hockey League for two seasons as coach of the Milwaukee Admirals, and was a scout with the Vancouver Canucks when he died after a long battle with kidney cancer. The Ron Lapointe Trophy is given to the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League's Coach of the Year.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Don't Speak--No Doubt (7th week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Cold Rock a Party--MC Lyte

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): When I Die--No Mercy (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Don't Speak--No Doubt (4th week at #1)

Music
This blogger was among those enjoying a concert by Ladysmith Black Mambazo at the Arden Theatre in St. Albert, Alberta.

Figure skating
Elvis Stojko of Canada won the gold medal in the men's competition in the world championships at CIG Malley in Lausanne, Switzerland. Todd Eldredge of the United States won the silver medal, and Alexei Yagudin of Russia won the bronze medal.

10 years ago
2007


Figure skating
Albena Denkova and Maxim Staviski of Bulgaria won the gold medal in the ice dancing competition in the world championships at Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium. Marie-France Dubreuil and Patrice Lauzon of Canada won the silver medal, and Tanith Belbin and Benjamin Agosto of the United States won the bronze medal.

Wednesday, 22 March 2017

March 22, 2017

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
Queen Victoria gave royal assent to the British North America Act.

140 years ago
1877


Environment
The Territorial Council of the Northwest Territories passed the Ordinance For the Protection of the Buffalo in a failed attempt to slow the wanton destruction of the bison herds, because they moved back and forth across the U.S.border. The ordinance outlawed buffalo jumps and hunting bison for sport, and provided for closed season on cows from November 15-August 14.

110 years ago
1907


Labour
Canadian Labour Minister Rodolphe Lemieux's Industrial Disputes Act, written by Deputy Minister Mackenzie King, received royal assent. The intention of the "Lemieux Act" was to prevent serious strikes and lockouts until disputes had been sent to a government arbitration board.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Virginia Grey
. U.S. actress. Miss Grey appeared in more than 100 films and numerous television programs in a career spanning almost 50 years. Her movies included Another Thin Man (1939); House of Horrors (1946); and Airport (1970). Miss Grey died on July 31, 2004 at the age of 87.

Paul Rogers. U.K. actor. Mr. Rogers was primarily a stage actor, but also appeared in movies and television programs. He won a Tony Award as Best Actor for The Homecoming (1967), and reprised his role in the movie (1973). Mr. Rogers died on October 6, 2013 at the age of 96.

75 years ago
1942


War
Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita demanded that U.S. Army General Jonathan Wainwright surrender his troops on Battaan by noon today or "suffer the consequences." Warships escorting a British convoy to Malta frustrated a much more powerful Regia Marina (Italian Navy) squadron in the Second Battle of Sirte in the Mediterranean Sea. Swiss sources reported that Germany had offered Turkey the following in exchange for bases for military operations against the southern Caucasus: 50% of Mosul oil output; a 15-year mandate over Syria; cession of Lemnos, Mytilene, and Chios islands; and rectification of Turkey's western frontier in Europe.

Diplomacy
U.K. Lord Privy Seal Sir Stafford Cripps arrived in Karachi, India with a British plan for Indian independence from British rule. Sir Stafford had been sent to India by Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Secretary of State for India Leo Amery to secure India's full cooperation in the war effort.

Politics and government
Most of Norwegian Minister-President Vidkun Quisling's cabinet announced their decision to resign unless the Quisling regime stopped trying to control youth.

Labour
The Canadian Department of Labour brought in the National Selective Service Mobilization Regulations, a program for industry to meet wartime manpower shortage by directing people to jobs.

70 years ago
1947


War
Philippine government troops reported capture of the secret Hukbalahap headquarters in central Luzon.

Politics and government
U.S. President Harry Truman issued an executive order barring from federal employment anyone belonging to or sympathising with Communist, fascist, or other organizations that advocated the overthrow of the United States government.

The French National Assembly gave Prime Minister Paul Ramadier a unanimous vote of confidence on the government's Indochina policy.

The Kuomintang Central Executive Committee called for the dismissal of Taiwanese Governor General Chen Yi, who was blamed for unrest and repression on the island.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Truman signed a bill ending the Office of Price Administration as of June 30, 1947, but urged quick congressional action to save sugar and rent controls.

Disasters
Spring floods burst the fenland dikes in Norfolk, England, damaging 25,000 acres of farmland.

Tennis
Bobby Riggs won the men's singles title, and with Don Budge, won the men's doubles title in the world professional indoor championships in Philadelphia.

Basketball
AAU
The Phillips Oilers defeated the Oakland Bittners 62-41 to win the championship final in Denver.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Será, Será)--Doris Day (11th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Young Love--Tab Hunter (5th week at #1)

Defense
West German Defense Minister Franz Josef Strauss refused to deny reports that France and West Germany had agreed to joint production of atomic weapons, permissible under 1954 treaties on West German rearmament.

The United States offered "to participate actively in the work of the Military Command of the Baghdad Pact" under the congressional Eisenhower Doctrine resolution.

Politics and government
The Algerian National Liberation Front announced plans to establish a provisional Algerian government to negotiate with France on condition that France recognize Algeria's right to independence.

Religion
Pope Pius XII decreed that required fasting by Roman Catholics before receiving Holy Communion be reduced to three hours, with necessary medicines and water excepted.

Health
A report by seven research experts on the effects of cigarette smoking said that 16 independent studies in five countries during the preceding 18 years had shown a "statistical association between smoking and the occurence of lung cancer.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Snoopy vs. the Red Baron--The Royal Guardsmen (5th week at #1)
2 Georgy Girl--The Seekers
3 I'm a Believer--The Monkees
4 Ruby Tuesday/Let's Spend the Night Together--The Rolling Stones
5 Happy Jack--The Who
6 Gimme Some Lovin'--The Spencer Davis Group
7 Colour My World--Petula Clark
8 Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones
9 Words of Love/Dancing in the Street--The Mamas and the Papas
10 Kiss Me Now/When Will I Be Loved?--Johnny Young

Singles entering the chart were Detroit City by Tom Jones (#27); Release Me by Engelbert Humperdinck (#29); Roundabout by the Allusions (#39); and Epistle to Dippy by Donovan (#40).

Space
The United States launched the communications satellite Intelsat II F-3, also known as Canary Bird, from Cape Kennedy, Florida.

Politics and government
The day after a military coup led by Brigadier General David Lansana had abducted Prime Minister Siaka Stevens from the State House in Freetown several hours after Mr. Stevens had taken the oath of office as Prime Minister of Sierra Leone, Gen. Lansana met with the country's newly-elected parliament. Gen. Lansana was an ethnic Mende while Mr. Stevens was an ethnic Limba, and the Mendes were unhappy with the results of the March 17 elections.

40 years ago
1977


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Coming and Goings

Politics and government
Indira Gandhi announced her resignation as Prime Minister of India, two after her governing Indian National Congress Party had lost its majority in the country's general election. Morarji Desai, leader of the victorious Janata Party, took office as Prime Minister two days later.

U.S. President Jimmy Carter asked Congress for voter reform measures including universal voter registration and direct popular election of the President and Vice President; he was unsuccessful.

Hockey
WHA
Edmonton 3 @ Winnipeg 8

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Funkytown--Pseudo Echo (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: On se retrouvera--Francis Lalanne (4th week at #1)

War
Chadian forces, armed with French and American antiaircraft and antitank missiles, captured Wadi Doum in northern Chad, site of a Libyan air base. 1,269 Libyans were reported killed in the action.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): To Be with You--Mr. Big

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Das Boot--U 96

#1 single in Switzerland: Das Boot--U 96 (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
The Democratic Party of Albania won 92 of 140 seats in the Albanian parliamentary election. The Socialist Party came second with 38 seats.

Disasters
27 people, including the captain and one of the cabin crew members, were killed when USAir Flight 405, a Fokker F28-4000 plane, crashed in Flushing Bay shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in New York, bound for Cleveland. 22 passengers and 2 crew members survived.

Basketball
CIAU men’s championship @ Halifax
Final
Brock 77 St. Mary’s 71

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): From Disco to Disco--Whirlpool Productions

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Falling in Love (Is Hard on the Knees)--Aerosmith

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Don't Speak--No Doubt (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Let a Boy Cry--Gala

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Mama/Who Do You Think You Are--Spice Girls (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Mama/Who Do You Think You Are--Spice Girls (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Can't Nobody Hold Me Down--Puff Daddy featuring Mase

Religion
Five people belonging to the Order of the Solar Temple cult were found dead in a burning house in St-Casimir, Québec.

Figure skating
Tara Lipinski of the United States won the women's world championship at CIG Malley in Lausanne, Switzerland, becoming, at 14 years, 9 months, and 10 days, the youngest person ever to win the event. Michelle Kwan of the U.S.A. finished second, and Vanessa Gusmeroli of France finished third.

Tuesday, 21 March 2017

March 21, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nadia Marchuk!

1,300 years ago
717


War
Forces commanded by Charles Martel defeated forces commanded by Chilperic II, King of the Franks, in the Battle of Vincy in France.

1,150 years ago
867


Died on this date
Ælla
; Osberht. Kings of Northumbria. Ælla succeeded Osberht as King of Northumbria, England after the latter was deposed. They reportedly combined forces and were both killed in battle against invading Danish forces at York.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Florenz Ziegfeld
. U.S. theatrical producer. Mr. Ziegfeld was best known as producer of the Ziegfeld Follies, a series of revues that were popular on Broadway in New York from 1907-1931. He died of pleurisy on July 22, 2932 at the age of 65.

100 years ago
1917


War
Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden was among those in attendance for the beginning of the Imperial War Conference in London; the conference ran until April 27.

80 years ago
1937


Abominations
A peaceful protest in Ponce, Puerto Rico turned deadly when 19 unarmed marchers were shot to death and 200 wounded by police acting on orders of U.S.-appointed Governor Blanton Winship.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Moonlight Cocktail--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

50 years ago
1967


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Death of a Very Small Killer, with guest stars Arthur Hill, Carol Lawrence, and Carlos Romero

The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Ivy Curtain



World events
Sierra Leonian Prime Minister Siaka Stevens was abducted at gunpoint from the State House in Freetown, hours after he had taken the oath of office as Prime Minister, in a military coup led by Brigadier General David Lansana, commander of the Sierra Leone Armed Forces. Brigadier General Lansana declared a state of emergency and imposed martial law, insisting that the determination of the winner of the recent election should await the election of the tribal representatives in Parliament, mostly from Mende chiefdoms in South-Eastern Sierra Leone. Brigadier General Lansana was a member of the Mende tribe, while Mr. Stevens was an ethnic Limba.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson and South Vietnamese Premier Nguyen Cao Ky concluded their two-day Guam Conference, where they discussed the Vietnam War and non-military matters.

40 years ago
1977


Diplomacy
Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda and U.S. President Jimmy Carter began two days of talks in Washington.

Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev accused the United States of interfering in the U.S.S.R.'s internal affairs.

Weather
Chinese officials reported the worst drought since 1949 in southern and northeastern regions of the country.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 5 @ Boston 1

The game at Boston Garden was the second Monday Le soirée du hockey telecast on Radio-Canada during the 1976-77 season.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Si può dare di più--Gianni Morandi, Enrico Ruggeri, Umberto Tozzi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Final Countdown--Europe (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)--George Michael and Aretha Franklin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Respectable--Mel and Kim

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Everything I Own--Boy George

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Everything I Own--Boy George

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Everything I Own--Boy George (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Lean on Me--Club Nouveau

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lean on Me--Club Nouveau
2 Jacob's Ladder--Huey Lewis and the News
3 Let's Wait Awhile--Janet Jackson
4 Somewhere Out There--Linda Ronstadt with James Ingram
5 Mandolin Rain--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
6 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
7 Livin' on a Prayer--Bon Jovi
8 (You Gotta) Fight for Your Right (To Party!)--Beastie Boys
9 Tonight, Tonight, Tonight--Genesis
10 Big Time--Peter Gabriel

Singles entering the chart were La Isla Bonita by Madonna (#54); With or Without You by U2 (#59); Brass Monkey by the Beastie Boys (#77); If She Would Have Been Faithful... by Chicago (#80); There's Nothing Better than Love by Luther Vandross (with Gregory Hines) (#86); Show Me by the Cover Girls (#87); Do Ya Do Ya (Wanna Please Me) by Samantha Fox (#88); and The Secret of My Success by Night Ranger (#90). The Secret of My Success was the title song of the movie.

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Livin' on a Prayer--Bon Jovi (2nd week at #1)
2 At this Moment--Billy Vera and the Beaters
3 Touch Me (I Want Your Body)--Samantha Fox
4 Somewhere Out There--Linda Ronstadt and James Ingram
5 Keep Your Hands to Yourself--Georgia Satellites
6 Will You Still Love Me?--Chicago
7 Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now--Starship
8 Montego Bay--Amazulu
9 Respect Yourself--Bruce Willis
10 The Final Countdown--Europe

Singles entering the chart were Heat of the Night by Bryan Adams (#80); Lessons in Love by Level 42 (#85); The Finer Things by Steve Winwood (#88); (I Just) Died in Your Arms by Cutting Crew (#93); Dominoes by Robbie Nevil (#94); Light of Day by the Barbusters (#96); and Closer Together by The Box (#98).

Died on this date
Walter Gordon, 80
. Canadian politician. Mr. Gordon was an accountant who chaired two Royal Commissions before entering politics. He was elected as a Liberal to the House of Commons in the Toronto riding of Davenport in 1962, representing the riding until 1968. Mr. Gordon was named Minister of Finance in the incoming Liberal cabinet of Prime Minister Lester Pearson in 1963, but was forced to withdraw and revise his first budget, which contained discriminatory taxes on foreign capital. Mr. Gordon was an economic nationalist who supported stronger ties with the United Kingdom and decreased ties to the United States. His influence in the cabinet declined after the budget debacle; he resigned as Minister of Finance in 1965, served as President of the Privy Council from 1967-1968, and declined to run for re-election in 1968. Mr. Gordon served as Chancellor of York University from 1973-1977.

Robert Preston, 68. U.S. actor. Mr. Preston, born Robert Preston Meservey, was best known for his starring role in the play (1957) and movie (1962) The Music Man. His other movies included The Dark at the Top of the Stairs (1960) and Victor Victoria (1982).

Dean Paul Martin, 35. U.S. actor and musician. Mr. Martin, a son of Dean Martin, was one of the members of the music group Dino, Desi and Billy in the 1960s before attempting an acting career. He became a pilot with the California Air National Guard in 1981, rising to the rank of Captain, and was killed along with his Weapons Systems Officer, Captain Ramon Ortiz, when his F-4 Phantom fighter jet crashed into San Gorgonio Mountain during a snowstorm.

War
800 Libyans were reported killed after Libyan columns south of Wadi Doum, site of a Libyan air base, in ambushes on March 19 and 21 by Chadian government forces.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 @ Montreal 9

The highlight for Maple Leaf fans was a fight between Toronto’s Wendel Clark and Montreal’s John Kordic.



25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Saltwater--Julian Lennon (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kanashimi hayuki no yoni--Shogo Hamada (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Non Amarmi--Aleandro Baldi; Francesca Alotta

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Human Touch---Bruce Springsteen

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): She Goes Nana--The Radios (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--George Michael/Elton John (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Twilight Zone--2 Unlimited

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Stay--Shakespears Sister (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Save the Best for Last--Vanessa Williams

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Be with You--Mr. Big (5th week at #1)
2 Missing You Now--Michael Bolton featuring Kenny G
3 Remember the Time--Michael Jackson
4 I Can't Dance--Genesis
5 Until Your Love Comes Back Around--RTZ
6 Masterpiece--Atlantic Starr
7 Good for Me--Amy Grant
8 What Becomes of the Brokenhearted--Paul Young
9 Justified & Ancient--The KLF (featuring Tammy Wynette)
10 Too Much Passion--Smithereens

Singles entering the chart were Human Touch by Bruce Springsteen (#55); Live and Learn by Joe Public (#73); Good Friend by Paris Red (#85); She's Got that Vibe by R. Kelly and Public Announcement (#86); and Nothing Else Matters by Metallica (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 To Be with You--Mr. Big (3rd week at #1)
2 Remember the Time--Michael Jackson
3 Hazard--Richard Marx
4 Tears in Heaven--Eric Clapton
5 Good for Me--Amy Grant
6 What Becomes of the Brokenhearted--Paul Young
7 I Can't Dance--Genesis
8 Missing You Now--Michael Bolton
9 Again Tonight--John Mellencamp
10 Thought I'd Died and Gone to Heaven--Bryan Adams

Singles entering the chart were This Love is Forever by Paul Janz (#86); World Love by Lisa Lougheed (#89); Can't Cry Hard Enough by the Williams Brothers (#91); I Believe (When I Fall in Love it Will Be Forever) by George Michael (#92); Ever Changing Times by Aretha Franklin and Michael McDonald (#93); I'm the One You Need by Jody Watley (#94); Laid So Low (Tears Roll Down) by Tears for Fears (#95); Uhh Ahh by Boyz II Men (#97); Not the Only One by Bonnie Raitt (#98); and (I've Got to) Stop Thinking 'Bout That by James Taylor (#99). I Believe (When I Fall in Love it Will Be Forever) was the B-side of Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me by George Michael/Elton John, charting at #12.

Died on this date
John Ireland, 78
. Canadian-born U.S. actor. A native of Vancouver, Mr. Ireland appeared in such movies as A Walk in the Sun (1945); My Darling Clementine (1946); All the King’s Men (1949); The Basketball Fix (1951); Queen Bee (1955); Spartacus (1960); and 55 Days at Peking (1963).

Hockey
NHL
Chicago 3 @ Toronto 1
Los Angeles 5 Calgary 2

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Warum?--Tic Tac Toe (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Vänner--Together (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Wilbert Awdry, 85
. U.K. author. Rev. Awdry, an Anglican priest, was known for The Railway Series of 26 children's books (1945-1972), featuring Thomas the Tank Engine.

Politics and government
John Savage announced his resignation as Premier of Nova Scotia because of a lack of support in public opinion polls. Dr. Savage had led the province's Liberal Party since 1992 and had been Premier since June 1993.