Sunday, January 25, 2015

January 25, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Zlata Antunovic!

500 years ago
1515


Franciana
King Francis I was crowned in the Cathedral of Reims.

125 years ago
1890


Adventure
Nellie Bly, a reporter for the New York World, bested Jules Verne's Around the World in 80 Days by completing her circumnavigation in 72 days.

110 years ago
1905


Politics and government
The Conservative Party, led by James Whitney, defeated the Liberal government of Premier George William Ross in the Ontario provincial election.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Ewan MacColl
. U.K. musician. Mr. MacColl, born James Henry Miller, was a Communist playwright and singer-songwriter who was best known for writing the songs The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face and Dirty Old Town. He died on October 22, 1989 at the age of 74.

Communications
Thomas Watson, who had been on the receiving end when Alexander Graham Bell had made the world's first telephone call in 1876, was at 333 Grant Avenue in San Francisco to receive the first transcontinental telephone call in the United States, placed by Mr. Bell from the Telephone Building at 15 Dey Street in New York City. U.S. President Woodrow Wilson and the mayors of both cities were also involved in the call.

75 years ago
1940


War
German planes bombed the Shetland Islands.

Politics and government
Canadian Governor General Lord Tweedsmuir granted Prime Minister mackenzie King's request for a dissolution of Parliament.

Protest
Indian activist Mohandas Gandhi began a 24-hour fast in Bombay to draw attention to demands for Indian independence from Britain.

Economics and finance
The United States government banned shipments of packages to belligerent countries without an affidavit that the material was being transferred to foreign ownership.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Konstantin Umansky, 42
. U.S.S.R. diplomat. Mr. Umansky was the Soviet Ambassador to the United States from 1939-1941, Ambassador to Mexico from 1943-1945, and Ambassador to Costa Rica from 1944-1945, concurrent with his posting to Mexico. He was to fly to Costa Rica to present his diplomatic credentials, but the plane on which he was a passenger crashed on takeoff outside Mexico City, killing Mr. Umansky, his wife Raisa, and three embassy officials.

War
A survey by U.S. Selective Service revealed that 40.3% of men aged 28 called for the draft were rejected as physically unfit. German forces in France increased their threat to Strasbourg with a 2,000-yard advance in the Hagenau Forest and a crossing of the Moder River. British forces took Linne, Putbrock, and Kirchhoven, while U.S. troops captured Wallerode, Medel, Ambleve, and Mirfeld. Soviet forces in East Prussia advanced to within 4 miles of Posen and cut the Germans' escape corridor to 11 miles. U.S. forces in the Philippines commanded by General Douglas MacArthur captured the Clark Field airstrips and nearby Fort Stotsenburg and Luzon.

Economics and finance
The Association of American Railroads ordered a 72-hour freight embargo effective January 27, 1945 on everything but war material.

60 years ago
1955


War
The Soviet Union ended its state of war with Germany.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Vamos A La Cama--La Familia Telerín

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Hucklebuck--Brendan Bowyer (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'--The Righteous Brothers
2 Downtown--Petula Clark
3 I'll Be There--Gerry and the Pacemakers
4 Amen--The Impressions
5 If You Don't Want My Love--Jack London
6 Bucket "T"--Ronny and the Daytonas
7 This Diamond Ring--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
8 It's Alright--Adam Faith
9 Love Potion No. 9--The Searchers
10 The Name Game--Shirley Ellis

Singles entering the chart were Tell Her No by the Zombies (#25); Somewhere by P.J. Proby (#29); Promised Land by Chuck Berry (#30); No Arms Can Ever Hold You by the Bachelors (#32); I Go to Pieces by Peter and Gordon (#33); Look of Love by Lesley Gore (#34); He's My Guy by Irma Thomas (#35); Till We Kissed by Chad Allan and the Expressions (Guess Who?) (#36); I Can't Stop by the Honeycombs (#37); Six Boys by J. Frank Wilson and the Cavaliers (#38); Heart of Stone by the Rolling Stones (#39); and The Crusher by the Novas (#40). Till We Kissed was the B-side of Shakin' All Over.

Religion
Archbishop Maurice Roy of Quebec was appointed a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): I Can Help--Billy Swan (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Ms Grace--The Tymes

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
2 Mandy--Barry Manilow
3 Laughter in the Rain--Neil Sedaka
4 Boogie On Reggae Woman--Stevie Wonder
5 You're No Good--Linda Ronstadt
6 Morning Side of the Mountain--Donny and Marie Osmond
7 One Man Woman/One Woman Man--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
8 Never Can Say Goodbye--Gloria Gaynor
9 Pick Up the Pieces--Average White Band
10 Fire--Ohio Players

Singles entering the chart were Roll on Down the Highway by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#55); Have You Never Been Mellow by Olivia Newton-John (#73); My Boy by Elvis Presley (#74); Changes by Loggins & Messina (#80); I Fought the Law by Sam Neely (#89); Star on a TV Show by the Stylistics (#93); Lovin' You by Minnie Riperton (#95); I'll Still Love You by Jim Weatherly (#96); Supernatural Thing--Part I by Ben E. King (#97); Isn't it Lonely Together by Stark and O'Brien (#98); and If Loving You is Wrong I Don't Want to Be Right by Millie Jackson (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John (3rd week at #1)
2 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
3 Angie Baby--Helen Reddy
4 Laughter in the Rain--Neil Sedaka
5 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
6 One Man Woman/One Woman Man--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
7 You're the First, the Last, My Everything--Barry White
8 Mandy--Barry Manilow
9 Bungle in the Jungle--Jethro Tull
10 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk

Singles entering the chart were Ms. Grace by the Tymes (#94); Do You Dream of Being Somebody by Murray McLauchlan (#97); Lady by Styx (#98); Don't Take Your Love from Me by the Manhattans (#99); and Missing You by Robbie Lane (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 Mandy--Barry Manilow (2nd week at #1)
2 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
3 Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John
4 Morning Side of the Mountain--Donny and Marie Osmond
5 Bungle in the Jungle--Jethro Tull
6 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
7 One Man Woman/One Woman Man--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
8 Never Can Say Goodbye--Gloria Gaynor
9 You're the First, the Last, My Everything--Barry White
10 You're No Good--Linda Ronstadt
11 Laughter in the Rain--Neil Sedaka
12 Cat's in the Cradle--Harry Chapin
13 Junior's Farm--Paul McCartney & Wings
14 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
15 You Beat Me to the Punch--Charity Brown
16 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
17 Angie Baby--Helen Reddy
18 Boogie On Reggae Woman--Stevie Wonder
19 Doctor's Orders--Carol Douglas
20 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
21 Dancin' Fool--The Guess Who
22 Best of My Love--The Eagles
23 Lady--Styx
24 Lady Ellen--James Leroy
25 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
26 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
27 Only You--Ringo Starr
28 Pick Up the Pieces--AWB
29 Sweet Surrender--John Denver
30 Mother Earth--Ian Thomas

Calgary's top 10
1 Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John
2 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
3 Bungle in the Jungle--Jethro Tull
4 Mandy--Barry Manilow
5 Ride 'Em Cowboy--Paul Davis
6 Boogie On Reggae Woman--Stevie Wonder
7 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
8 I Can Help--Billy Swan
9 Promised Land--Elvis Presley
10 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
Pick hit of the week: Look In My Eyes Pretty Woman--Tony Orlando and Dawn

Died on this date
Charlotte Whitton, 78
. Canadian politician. Miss Whitton was the first woman to be a mayor of a major city in Canada, serving as Mayor of Ottawa from 1951-1956 and 1961-1964. She was known for her keen wit and her support of Canadian traditions.

Hockey
NHL
Buffalo 7 @ Montreal 6

Rene Robert, Jim Lorentz, and Peter McNab each scored twice for the Sabres as they outlasted the Canadiens before 17,689 fans at the Montreal Forum in the national Hockey Night in Canada broadcast. Rick Dudley scored the other Buffalo goal. Yvon Lambert and Pete Mahovlich each scored twice for Montreal, with Serge Savard and Yvan Cournoyer also scoring. The Sabres outshot the Canadiens 49-27; Bunny Larocque was in goal for Montreal, while Gary Bromley and Rocky Farr split the goaltending chores for Buffalo.

WHA
The Michigan Stags, fifth and last in the West Division with a record of 13-27-3, officially moved to Baltimore, to be known as the Baltimore Blades. The team played as the Los Angeles Sharks from 1972-1974, then moved to Michigan, where they played their home games at Cobo Arena in Detroit before sparse crowds. In their first game as the Blades, they lost 2-1 to the Cleveland Crusaders before 6,984 fans at Cleveland Arena. Bill Evo opened the scoring for Baltimore in the 1st period, but Rich Leduc scored in the 2nd period for Cleveland, and Al McDonough scored his 17th goal of the season with 5:26 remaining in regulation time to provide the winning margin. Gerry Cheevers won the goaltending duel over Gerry Desjardins.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): One Night in Bangkok--Murray Head (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Want To Know What Love Is--Foreigner

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Letkautus--Lättykettu & Tehosekoittajat (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ava Gardner, 67
. U.S. actress. Miss Gardner was one of Hollywood's most noted beauties, starring in such movies as The Killers (1946); The Hucksters (1947); The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1952); Mogambo (1953); The Barefoot Contessa (1954); Bhowani Junction (1956); On the Beach (1959); Seven Days in May (1964); and The Night of the Iguana (1964).

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush announced his support for a $1 billion package of cash, loans, and other types of aid to help rebuild the devastated economy of Panama.

Disasters
Avianca Flight 52, a Colombian jetliner, apparently ran out of fuel over Long Island in New York and crashed into a wooded area in the community of Cove Neck. 73 of the 161 people aboard were killed and the rest injured. The plane, en route from Bogota via Medellin, was to have landed at Kennedy International Airport. The landing was delayed for more than an hour because of bad weather. About 50 minutes before the crash, the pilot told the air traffic controllers that he needed a priority landing because of low fuel.

Hurricane-force winds caused the deaths of at least 39 people in England and Wales and at least 21 people elsewhere in Europe.

20 years ago
1995


Crime
Lead attorney Johnnie Cochran delivered the opening argument in the defense of former U.S. football star O.J. Simpson, on trial in Los Angeles for the June 12, 1994 murders of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Ray Peterson, 65
. U.S. singer. Mr. Peterson was known for his hit singles The Wonder of You (1959); Tell Laura I Love Her (1960); Corinna, Corinna (1960); and Missing You (1961).

Disasters
291 Hindu pilgrims were killed in a stampede at Mandher Devi temple near Wai in Satara district in Indian state of Maharashtra.

Friday, January 23, 2015

January 24, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Diana Ganske!

180 years ago
1835


Protest
Slaves in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil, staged a revolt, which was instrumental in ending slavery in that country 50 years later.

130 years ago
1885


Communications
The Canadian Pacific Railway telegraph reached Vancouver from Halifax, and was now operating in Canada from coast to coast.

120 years ago
1895


Died on this date
Randolph Churchill, 45
. U.K. politician. Lord Randolph, a member of the Conservative Party, sat in the British House of Commons from 1874 until his death. He was a cabinet minister in the government of Prime Minister the Marquess of Salisbury, serving as Secretary of State for India from 1885-1886; Chancellor of the Exchequer from August-December 1886; and Leader of the House of Commons from 1886-1887. His life and career were shortened by a debilitating illness, popularly believed to be syphilis, an explanation that now seems unlikely. Lord Randolph was the father of future Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Robert Motherwell
. U.S. artist. Mr. Motherwell was a member of the "New York School" of abstract expressionism. He died on July 16, 1991 at the age of 76.

75 years ago
1940


Diplomacy
The British Ministry of Economic Warfare said that about 17,000 of the 25,000 packages of mail coming from the U.S. to Europe that had been intercepted and examined by British authorities contained contraband.

Politics and government
United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis urged his followers not to endorse Franklin D. Roosevelt for a third term as President of the United States in 1940.

U.S. Senator Gerald Nye (Republican--North Dakota) was named to fill the vacancy on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that had been created by the death of James Borah (Republican--Idaho) on January 19.

Economics and finance
The January 1940 issue of the League of Nations bulletin pointed to an increase in world economic activity, owing primarily to the war situation.

70 years ago
1945


War
The May-Bailey bill providing "limited national service" for men aged 18-45 was approved and reported out by the U.S. House of Representatives Military Affairs Committee. U.K. forces took Weerd, Aandenberg, and Montfort in the Netherlands, and Heinsberg in Germany. U.S. forces captured Aldringen and Moderscheid. Soviet units took Oppein, Silesia and advanced to within 4 miles of Breslau.

Politics and government
U.S. President asked Labor Secretary Frances Perkins to remain in her post, quashing rumours that she would quit the cabinet.

Economics and finance
Outgoing U.S. Commerce Secretary Jesse Jones announced his support for the separation of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation from the Commerce Department because of Henry Wallace's "untried ideas and idealistic schemes." Mr. Jones had been asked by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to surrender his position to Mr. Wallace, who had served as Vice President of the United States from January 20, 1941-January 20, 1945. On January 22, 1945, Mr. Roosevelt nominated Mr. Wallace to succeed Mr. Jones.

60 years ago
1955


On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Ronald Howard and H. Marion Crawford
Tonight's episode: The Case of the Singing Violin

Died on this date
Ira Hayes, 32
. U.S. Marine. Mr. Hayes, a Pima Indian, was one of six United States Marines who became famous in an iconic photograph for raising the American flag at the top of Mount Suribachi on the Pacific island of Iwo Jima on February 23, 1945, near the end of World War II. Mr. Hayes was never comfortable with his status as a celebrity, and became a heavy drinker. He was found dead near his home in Sacaton, Arizona, on the Gila River reservation; his death was ruled to be a combination of exposure and alcohol poisoning, although there were suspicions that an altercation he had been involvedin the previous night had contributed to his death.

Energy
The first Canadian nuclear power plant began operation at Des Joachims, Ontario.

50 years ago
1965


Died on this date
Winston Churchill, 90
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1940-1945; 1951-1955. Sir Winston's accomplishments as one of the most notable people of the 20th century are too great to be mentioned here. He died nine days after lapsing into unconsciousness after a stroke, and died 70 years to the day after the death of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill. Sir Winston had predicted years earlier that he would die on January 24; somehow, he managed it. For more, see The Churchill Centre.

Energy
India dedicated the Sharavati Hydroelectric Project at Jog, as the Linganamakki and Talakalale dams and Sharavati power station had been completed.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Lovely Lady--John Hanlon (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet--Bachman-Turner Overdrive

#1 single in Switzerland: I'm Leaving It (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond (12th week at #1)

Ottawa's top 30 (CFGO)
1 Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John (2nd week at #1)
2 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
3 Mandy--Barry Manilow
4 Cat's in the Cradle--Harry Chapin
5 Angie Baby--Helen Reddy
6 You're the First, the Last, My Everything--Barry White
7 Never Can Say Goodbye--Gloria Gaynor
8 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
9 Doctor's Orders--Carol Douglas
10 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
11 Morning Side of the Mountain--Donny and Marie Osmond
12 Ride 'Em Cowboy--Paul Davis
13 Linda Put the Coffee On--Ray Materick
14 Bungle in the Jungle--Jethro Tull
15 Changes--Loggins and Messina
16 Only You--Ringo Starr
17 Dancin' Fool--The Guess Who
18 One Man Woman/One Woman Man--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
19 Get Dancin'--Disco Tex and the Sex-O-Lettes
20 If--Telly Savalas
21 Ramona--Stampeders
22 Boogie On Reggae Woman--Stevie Wonder
23 I Wouldn't Want to Lose Your Love--April Wine
24 (Make Me Do) Anything You Want--A Foot in Coldwater
25 Best of My Love--The Eagles
26 You're No Good--Linda Ronstadt
27 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
28 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
29 Pick Up the Pieces--AWB
30 Lonely People--America

Died on this date
Larry Fine, 72
. U.S. actor. Mr. Fine, born Louis Feinberg, was an aspiring violinist who became a member of the Three Stooges comedy team, appearing in over 200 films before being forced into retirement in 1970 by the first of a series of strokes that eventually killed him.

Law
Gary Thornton, 19, of Prince George, British Columbia, was awarded $1,534,058.93 in damages by the British Columbia Supreme Court as the result of becoming a quadriplegic in a gymnastics accident at Kelly Road Junior Secondary School in 1971. The Prince George School District was held liable for the injury, as was teacher David Edomura. Mr. Thornton was attempting a vault with a somersault, and was not being supervised. Mr. Edomura had his back turned to Mr. Thornton and was watching a floor hockey game at the time of the accident.

Baseball
The Kansas City Royals signed designated hitter and first baseman Harmon Killebrew, eight days after his release from the Minnesota Twins. In 21 seasons with the Washington Nationals and Senators--who moved to Minnesota in 1961--Mr. Killebrew played in 2,329 games, batting .258 with 559 home runs and 1,540 runs batted in. He was the American League's Most Valuable Player in 1969.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Madge Bellamy, 90
. U.S. actress. Miss Bellamy, born Margaret Derden Philpott, starred in such movie as Love Never Dies (1921); Lorna Doone (1922); The Iron Horse (1924); and White Zombie (1932).

Space
Japan launched Hiten, the country's first lunar probe. It was the first robotic lunar probe since the U.S.S.R.'s Luna 24 in 1976, and the first lunar probe launched by a country other than the Soviet Union or the United States.

Abominations
The Canadian federal government introduced its Goods and Services Tax (GST) in the House of Commons. The GST, which would replace the existing 13.5% manufacturing sales tax with a 9% tax on most goods and services, had been widely criticized since Finance Minister Michael Wilson had announced it as part of the previous year’s budget. Both the Liberal and New Democratic opposition parties vowed to fight the GST, which the governing Progressive Conservatives said would take effect on January 1, 1991.

Protest
The Romanian government outlawed unauthorized demonstrations.

20 years ago
1995


War
Russian forces in the rebel republic of Chechny renewed their attack within the capital city of Grozny, but the Chechens still held ground inside the city. The residents of Grozny had no water or electricity and only limited heat and food.

Politics and government
U.S. President Bill Clinton presented his annual State of the Union message to Congress, calling for a federal government that was smaller and more efficient, noting that he had eliminated hundreds of programs and cut 100,000 positions from the federal work force. He said that nearly 6 million jobs had been created since he had taken office two years earlier, and that the combined rate of unemplyment and inflation was at a 25-year low. Mr. Clinton called for tax cuts to stimulate savings, backed an increase in the minimum wage, and renewed his support for health-care and welfare reform. He also vowed to thwart any attempt to repeal the ban on assault weapons that had been passed in 1994.

Crime
Deputy District Attorneys Marcia Clark and Christopher Darden delivered their opening statements in the Los Angeles murder trial of former U.S. football star O.J. Simpson, accused of murdering his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman on June 12, 1994.

Tennis
Pete Sampras defeated Jim Courier 6-7, 4-7, 6-7, 3-7, 6-3, 6-4, 6-3 in a 3-hour, 58-minute quarter-final match at the Australian Open.

Thursday, January 22, 2015

January 23, 2015

160 years ago
1855


Transportation
The first bridge over the Mississippi River opened in what is now Minneapolis, a crossing made today by the Hennepin Avenue Bridge.

Disasters
As many as 9 people were killed an earthquake measuring 8.1-8.3 on the Richter scale struck along the Wairarapa Fault in New Zealand, generating a tsunami.

120 years ago
1895


Technology
Romaine Callender, an inventor from Brantford, Ontario, demonstrated his automatic telephone in New York City.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Potter Stewart. U.S. judge. Mr. Stewart was a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit from 1954-1958 before being appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States by President Dwight Eisenhower. He served as an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court from 1958-1981. Justice Stewart was known for his moderate opinions, and was best known for his statement in the case of Jacobellis v. Ohio (1964): "I shall not today attempt further to define the kinds of material I understand to be embraced within that shorthand description ["hard-core pornography"], and perhaps I could never succeed in intelligibly doing so. But I know it when I see it, and the motion picture involved in this case is not that." Justice Potter later recanted this view. He died on December 7, 1985 at the age of 70.

Arthur Lewis. Saint Lucian economist. Sir Arthur shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences with Theodore Schultz "for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries." Sir Arthur died on June 15, 1991 at the age of 76.

80 years ago
1935


Weather
The thermometer at Iroquois Falls hit -76 F. (-60 C.), the lowest temperature ever recorded in Ontario.

75 years ago
1940


War
Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek accused Japan of planning the conquest of Malaya and the Philippines.

Diplomacy
A conference opened at Tsingtao, China between Wang Ching-wei--projected leader of the Japanese-sponsored government in central China--and Japanese representatives.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed a three-man interdepartmental commission chaired by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau to coordinate the purchase of military supplies in the United States by foreign nations.

Politics and government
Ignace Jan Paderewski was chosen President of the Polish National Council-in-exile in Paris.

Joseph E. Davies resigned as U.S. Ambassador to Belgium to become a special assistant to U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull.

Economics and finance
A British-French purchasing board was created with headquarters in New York City.

70 years ago
1945


War
U.S. troops captured St. Vith, Belgium as the German salient in the Ardennes was compressed to a 5-mile strip. German Admiral Karl Dönitz launched Operation Hannibal, the evacuation by sea of German troops from Courland, East Prussia, and the Polish Corridor. Soviet unites reached the Oder River in Silesia along a 37-mile front in the vicinity of Breslau. The capture of Tost and Bischofstal to the south cut off the Silesian coal basin.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt secretly left Newport News, Virginia aboard the USS Quincy to attend the Yalta Conference with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet dictator Josef Stalin.

Guatemela severed diplomatic relations with Spain on the ground that the Spanish Falange was a threat to the Americas.

60 years ago
1955


Disasters
17 people were killed and 43 injured when an express train travelling from York to Bristol, England derailed and overturned at Sutton Coldfield station.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Feel Fine/She's a Woman--The Beatles (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Sacré Charlemagne--France Gall (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Non son degno di te--Gianni Morandi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Pretty Woman--Roy Orbison (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Go Now--The Moody Blues

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Downtown--Petula Clark

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Downtown--Petula Clark
2 Love Potion No. 9--The Searchers
3 You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'--The Righteous Brothers
4 I Feel Fine--The Beatles
5 Come See About Me--The Supremes
6 The Name Game--Shirley Ellis
7 Hold What You've Got--Joe Tex
8 Mr. Lonely--Bobby Vinton
9 Keep Searchin' (We'll Follow the Sun)--Del Shannon
10 How Sweet it Is (To Be Loved by You)--Marvin Gaye

Singles entering the chart were Bye, Bye Baby (Baby Goodbye) by the 4 Seasons (#59); For Lovin' Me by Peter, Paul and Mary (#81); I've Got a Tiger by the Tail by Buck Owens (#82); Red Roses for a Blue Lady by Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra (#84); Married Man by Richard Burton (#88); My Heart Would Know by Al Martino (#89); Break Away (From That Boy) by the Newbeats (#90); I Love You Baby by Dottie and Ray (#92); I Wanna Be (Your Everything) by the Manhattans (#94); I Want My Baby Back by Jimmy Cross (#97); and The Birds and the Bees by Jewel Akens (#98).

Vancouver's top 50 (CFUN)
1 You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'--The Righteous Brothers (2nd week at #1)
2 Downtown--Petula Clark
3 All Day and All of the Night--The Kinks
4 Come See About Me--The Supremes
5 I Feel Fine/She's a Woman--The Beatles
6 Love Potion No. 9--The Searchers
7 I'll Be There--Gerry and the Pacemakers
8 The "In" Crowd--Dobie Gray
9 The Name Game--Shirley Ellis
10 Give Him a Great Big Kiss--The Shangri-Las
11 Boom Boom--The Animals
12 Big Brother--Dickey Lee
13 No Arms Can Ever Hold You--The Bachelors
14 Look of Love--Lesley Gore
15 Break Away (From That Boy)--The Newbeats
16 Willow Weep for Me--Chad & Jeremy
17 You'll Always Be the One I Love/You're Nobody Till Somebody Loves You--Dean Martin
18 Let's Lock the Door (And Throw Away the Key)--Jay and the Americans
19 Heart of Stone--The Rolling Stones
20 Laugh, Laugh--The Beau Brummels
21 Shaggy Dog--Mickey Lee Lane
22 Is it Because--The Honeycombs
23 Promised Land--Chuck Berry
24 I Go to Pieces--Peter and Gordon
25 Tell Her No--The Zombies
26 Mr. Lonely--Bobby Vinton
27 Lovin' Place--Gale Garnett
28 Amen--The Impressions
29 Goin' Out of My Head--Little Anthony and the Imperials
30 Bucket "T"--Ronny and the Daytonas
31 This Diamond Ring--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
32 Have You Looked Into Your Heart--Jerry Vale
33 Shakin' All Over--Chad Allan and the Expressions (Guess Who?)
34 Smile--Betty Everett & Jerry Butler
35 Hey-Da-Da-Da-Dow--The Dolphins
36 Somewhere--P.J. Proby
37 Hold What You've Got--Joe Tex
38 That Weepin' Willow Tree--Ray Griff
39 Bye, Bye Baby (Baby Goodbye)--The 4 Seasons
40 Do-Wacka-Do--Roger Miller
41 Come On Do the Jerk--The Miracles
42 It's About Time--Bobby Curtola
43 Wild One--Martha and the Vandellas
44 Saturday Night at the Movies--The Drifters
45 Anyway You Want It--Dave Clark Five
46 The Crying Game--Brenda Lee
47 Leave Me Be--The Zombies
48 Say it Again--Terry Black
49 Don't Forget I Still Love You--Bobbi Martin
50 Shake/A Change is Gonna Come--Sam Cooke
Pick hits of the week: 1 What Have They Done to the Rain--The Searchers
2 It's Gotta Last Forever--Billy J. Kramer with the Dakotas

Protest
Buddhists and conscription-age students in South Vietnam began demonstrating against the government of Prime Minister Tran Van Huong.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Streets Of London--Ralph McTell (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Clarence "Heinie" Mueller, 75
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Mueller was an outfielder with the St. Louis Cardinals (1920-1926); New York Giants (1926-1927); Boston Braves (1928-1929); and St. Louis Browns (1935), batting .282 with 22 home runs and 272 runs batted in in 693 games. He was known for his mental mistakes while running the bases.

Crime
The two-day siege at the Thamesford, Ontario home of Mr. and Mrs. George Field ended peacefully with the release of Robert, 12, the oldest of four children who had been taken hostage by escaped convict and former neighbour Donald Cline, 22, who was accompanied by his girlfriend Gail Guest. Three younger children, aged 4-11, had been released the day before. Mr. and Mrs. Field were outside the house in the company of police.

Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau ended the policy of extending tax breaks to Canadian companies advertising in Canadian editions of foreign magazines.

Football
NFL
Paul Wiggin, who had spent the previous seven seasons as an assistant coach with the San Francisco 49ers, was named as the head coach of the Kansas City Chiefs. Mr. Wiggin had been a defensive end with the Cleveland Browns from 1957-1967. He was just the second coach in the history of the Chiefs; the first, Hank Stram, had been fired on December 27, 1974, after the Chiefs had posted a 5-9 record in 1974, the worst in the 15-year history of the team.

Baseball
Ralph Kiner, who hit 369 home runs in a 10-year major league career as an outfielder from 1946-1955, was the only player elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. Mr. Kiner received 273 of 362 votes cast, just 1 over the minimum of 75% necessary for election. Former Philadelphia Phillies' pitcher Robin Roberts was next with 263 votes, followed by former Cleveland Indians' pitcher Bob Lemon with 233. Mr. Kiner, who played most of his career with the Pittsburgh Pirates, led or tied for the National League lead in home runs in each of his first seven seasons.

25 years ago
1990


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Powers That Be

Died on this date
Allen Collns, 37
. U.S. musician. Mr. Collins was a guitarist with the rock groups Lynyrd Skynyrd in the 1970s and the Rossington-Collins Band in the 1980s. He was paralyzed from the waist down in a 1986 car accident that took the life of his girlfriend and resulted in a charge of vehicular manslaughter against Mr. Collins. He died from chronic pneumonia, a result of the paralysis.

War
Three days after Soviet forces had invaded the Azerbaijani capital of Baku, the death toll stood at 93.

Hockey
NHL
New York Rangers 4 Edmonton 3

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Dancing with Tears in My Eyes--Cabballero

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 On Bended Knee--Boys II Men (3rd week at #1)
2 Insensitive--Jann Arden
3 You Don't Know How it Feels--Tom Petty
4 Take a Bow--Madonna
5 Bang and Blame--R.E.M.
6 Newborn Friend--Seal
7 Always--Bon Jovi
8 The Sweetest Days--Vanessa Williams
9 House of Love--Amy Grant and Vince Gill
10 Greasy Jungle--The Tragically Hip

Singles entering the chart were The Man Who Sold the World by Nirvana (#64); The Ballad of Peter Pumpkinhead by Crash Test Dummies (#68); Gel by Collective Soul (#72); Bridge by Queensryche (#73); Let Her Cry by Hootie & the Blowfish (#75); Love Spreads by the Stone Roses (#85); O Siem by Susan Aglukark (#90); Practice What You Preach by Barry White (#91); Lost for Words by Pink Floyd (#92); Learn to Be Still by the Eagles (#93); Don't Tell Me by Van Halen (#94); and As I Lay Me Down by Sophie B. Hawkins (#96). The Ballad of Peter Pumpkinhead was from the movie Dumb and Dumber (1994). Gel was from the movie The Jerky Boys (1995).

Scandal
Canadian Defence Minister David Collenette disbanded the Canadian Airborne Regiment after some of its soldiers were found to be involved in the death of a Somali youth during a United Nations mission, and revelations of illegal hazing rituals.

Crime
The Ontario Court of Appeal acquitted Guy-Paul Morin of the 1984 sex-slaying of his nine-year-old neighbour Christine Jessop of Queensville, Ontario. The ruling was made on the basis of new DNA evidence.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Johnny Carson, 79
. U.S. television personality. Mr. Carson was a comedian and magician who hosted numerous television programs in the 1950s and early '60s before becoming famous as host of the late-night talk show Tonight on NBC from 1962-1992.

Football
NFL
NFC Championship
Atlanta 10 @ Philadelphia 27

AFC Championship
New England 41 @ Pittsburgh 27

Wednesday, January 21, 2015

January 22, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nancy Lear!

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Fred M. Vinson
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. Vinson, a Democrat, represented Kentucky's 9th Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives from 1924-1929 and 1931-1933, and Kentucky's 8th Congressional District from 1933-1938. He was a judge on the District of Columbia Court of Appeals from 1938-1943 before serving as Director of the Office of Economic Stabilization in the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1943-1945 and Secretary of the Treasury in the administration of President Harry Truman from 1945-1946. Mr. Truman nominated Mr. Vinson to succeed Harlan Fiske Stone as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, and Mr. Vinson held that position until his death from a heart attack on September 8, 1953 at the age of 63. The major issues that the Supreme Court dealt with during Mr. Vinson's time as Chief Justice were racial segregation, labour unions, Communism, and loyalty oaths.

Labour
The United Mine Workers of America was founded in Columbus, Ohio with the merger of the Knights of Labor Trade Assembly No. 135 and the National Progressive Miners Union.

110 years ago
1905


Protest
Over 100 unarmed marching workers in St. Petersburg were killed by Czar Nicholas II's troops on Bloody Sunday, helping to begin the 1905 Russian revolution.

100 years ago
1915


Disasters
Over 600 people were killed in Guadalajara, Mexico when a train plunged off the tracks into a deep canyon.

75 years ago
1940


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Cardboard Box

Literature
Pierre Caille won a French prize of 10,000 francs for his translation of Margaret Mitchell's novel Gone with the Wind.

War
The governments of the United Kingdom and France agreed to combine scientific efforts to expedite development of new weapons systems. The Japanese Army claimed the capture of Shaohing, an important base in the Chinese province of Chekiang.

Diplomacy
The United States demanded that the U.K. modify her treatment of American ships and cargoes in the Mediterranean Sea.

Politics and government
Philippine President Manuel Quezon told the national parliament that independence for the Philippines should not be delayed past 1946.

U.S. Communist Party General Secretary Earl Browder was sentenced to four years in prison for illegally obtaining a U.S. passport. The decision was later appealed.

Labour
The International Labor Office in Geneva announced a meeting for February 3 to discuss the effect of World War II on labour.

70 years ago
1945


War
U.S. planes unleashed a merciless assault on German troops retreating from the Ardennes. Soviet troops swept through East Prussia, taking Insterburg in the east and Allenstein, Osterode, and Deutsch Eylau in the south. British commando forces carried out their fourth amphibious operation in Burma, landing on the Arkan coast 4 miles southwest of Kangaw to cut the Japanese forces' Myohaung-Taungup escape route.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated former Vice President Henry Wallace as Secretary of Commerce and former National Youth Administration executive director Aubrey Williams as head of the Rural Electrification Administration. In a move against the nomination of Mr. Wallace, U.S. Senator Walter George (Democrat--Georgia) introduced a bill to remove all lending agencies from the Commerce Department and return them to their status as of September 1940.

The U.S. Republican National Committee adopted a program to establish a full-time national headquarters in Washington to prepare for the 1946 and 1948 election campaigns, and named Mrs. Dudley Hay as secretary.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Serenade (from "The Student Prince")--Mario Lanza (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Mr. Sandman--The Chordettes (Disc Jockey--5th week at #1); Let Me Go Lover--Joan Weber (Best Seller--1st week at #1; Jukebox--2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mr. Sandman--The Chordettes (6th week at #1)
--The Four Aces
2 Let Me Go Lover--Joan Weber
--[Teresa Brewer with the Lancers]
3 The Naughty Lady of Shady Lane--The Ames Brothers
--Archie Bleyer
4 Hearts of Stone--The Fontane Sisters
--The Charms
5 Melody of Love--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
--David Carroll and his Orchestra
--The Four Aces
6 Papa Loves Mambo--Perry Como
7 Teach Me Tonight--The DeCastro Sisters
8 Make Yourself Comfortable--Sarah Vaughan
9 That's All I Want from You--Jaye P. Morgan
10 (My Baby Don’t Love Me) No More--The DeJohn Sisters
--[The McGuire Sisters]

Singles entering the chart were Open Up Your Heart (And Let the Sunshine In) by Cowboy Church Sunday School (#23); Ko Ko Mo (I Love You So), with versions by Perry Como and the Crew-Cuts (#31); All of You by Tony Martin (#36); Don't Get Around Much Anymore by Jo Stafford (#38); D-A-R-L-I-N by the Hilltoppers (#39); Someday Sweetheart by Les Paul (#41); To Say You're Mine by the DeCastro Sisters (#42); and Ever Since You Went Away by Les Elgart and his Orchestra with Don Forbes (#46).

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Love Potion No. 9--The Searchers (2nd week at #1)
2 This Diamond Ring--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
3 Downtown--Petula Clark
4 Look of Love--Lesley Gore
5 The Wedding--Julie Rogers
6 I Feel Fine--The Beatles
7 I'll Be There--Gerry and the Pacemakers
8 Thou Shalt Not Steal--Dick and DeeDee
9 Keep Searchin' (We'll Follow the Sun)--Del Shannon
10 Paper Tiger--Sue Thompson
Pick hit of the week: For Lovin' Me--Peter, Paul and Mary
New this week: Walking Alone--Harry Simeone Chorale
Sylvia--Paul Anka
Like a Child--Julie Rogers
Lemon Tree--Trini Lopez
At the Club--The Drifters
It's Gotta Last Forever--Billy J. Kramer with the Dakotas

Space
The United States launched TIROS 9 from Cape Kennedy, Florida. The weather satellite's mission was to photograph the entire Earth once every 24 hours.

Scandal
Yvon Dupuis, a Liberal member of the House of Commons since 1958 and Minister of State in the Canadian government of Prime Minister Lester Pearson, resigned from the cabinet. He had been charged in 1964 with accepting a bribe of $10,000 in 1961 related to the licensing of a new race track in his riding. Mr. Dupuis became the first federal cabinet minister in Canadian history to resign while facing criminal charges; he was eventually acquitted.

Politics and government
Michael Stewart was named Foreign Minister in the British government of Prime Minister Harold Wilson, succeeding Patrick Gordon Walker.

40 years ago
1975


Crime
The siege at the home of Mr. and Mrs. George Field in Thamesford, Ontario continued, as their former neighbour, escaped convict Donald Cline, 22, released three of the Fields' four children. Donald, 11; Kim, 7; and David, 4, were released, while Mr. Cline, accompanied by his girlfriend Gail Guest, continued to hold Robert, 12, hostage. Mr. and Mrs. Field were outside the house, accompanied by police.

13 people were killed at the Gargantuan Night Club in Montreal. It was believed that te first 2 victims were murdered in an underworld settling of scores, while the other 11 were killed in a deliberately-set fire because they had witnessed the first two killings. Quebec Justice Minister Jérôme Choquette immediately opened an investigation.

The police headquarters in Deland, Florida was robbed at 4 A.M. by armed bandits, who forced the night desk clerk to open the cash register and hand over the contents, which amounted to about $25. The Deland police chief described the incident as "embarrassing."

Society
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau declared Canadian recognition of International Women's Year.

30 years ago
1985

Politics and government

Helen Hunley, a former cabinet minister in the Progressive Conservative provincial government of Premier Peter Lougheed, was installed as Alberta's Lieutenant-Governor, replacing Frank Lynch-Staunton.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Love Shack--The B-52's (5th week at #1)

World events
The Azerbaijani parliament threatened to secede from the U.S.S.R. Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, in a televised address, used the John Turner "I had no option" defense to justify the use of Soviet troops to invade the Azerbaijani capital of Baku, which had begun two days earlier.

Crime
Robert Tappan Morris was convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet Computer worm.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): An Angel--The Kelly Family (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Rose Kennedy, 104
. U.S. socialite and political matriarch. Mrs. Kennedy, the daughter of Boston Mayor John F. "Honey Fitz" Fitzgerald and the wife of U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph P. Kennedy, was the mother of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and U.S. Senators Robert F. and Ted Kennedy.

Terrorism
Near Netanya in central Israel, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blew themselves up at a military transit point, killing 18 Israeli soldiers and a civilian.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Rose Mary Woods, 87
. U.S. secretary. Mrs. Woods was personal secretary to Richard Nixon from his time as a Congressman in 1951 through his time as President of the United States from 1969-1974. She was best known for allegedly accidentally erasing several minutes from a tape of a White House conversation of June 20, 1972, three days after the break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C.

César Gutiérrez, 61. Venezuelan baseball player. Mr. Gutiérrez was a shortstop with the San Francisco Giants (1967, 1969) and Detroit Tigers (1969-1971), batting .235 with no home runs and 26 runs batted in in 223 games. His only season as a starter was 1970, when he batted .243 with 22 RBIs in 135 games. Mr. Gutiérrez was known mainly for one game: in the second game of a doubleheader against the Cleveland Indians at Cleveland Stadium, he became the first player in major league history to bat 7 for 7 in a game as the Tigers won 9-8 in 12 innings. Mr. Gutiérrez played winter baseball in Venezuela for many years and later served as a manager in the Mexican League. He died four days before his 62nd birthday.

Tuesday, January 20, 2015

January 21, 2015

200 years ago
1815


Born on this date
John Bingham
. U.S. politician and diplomat. Mr. Bingham represented Ohio's 21st Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives as a member of the Opposition Party (1855-1857) and Republican Party (1857-1865), and Ohio's 16th Congressional District from 1865-1873. He was assistan Judge Advocate General in the 1865 trial of the conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, and was a prosecutor in the impeachment trials of President Andrew Johnson in 1868. Mr. Bingham served as United States Minister to Japan from 1873-1885. He died on March 19, 1900 at the age of 85.

175 years ago
1840


Exploration
The territory of Adélie Land in Antarctica was discovered by French explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville.

100 years ago
1915


Popular culture
The Supreme Lodge Benevolent Order Brothers was founded in Detroit. Its name was changed to Kiwanis International a year later.

75 years ago
1940


War
The Hong Kong newspaper Ta Kung Pao published alleged peace terms between Wang Ching-Wei--the man slated to lead the Japanese-sponsored government in central China--and Japan, which would make China a Japanese dependency.

Society
A Gallup Poll reported that 34% of the American people favoured a return to prohibition, while 66% were opposed.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Vic Donahey (Ohio) withdrew his name from Ohio's Democratic presidential primary to seek re-election to the Senate, and cast his support to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was seeking a third term in office. Sen. Donahey's announcement came just four days after he had filed a declaration of his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.

Journalism
The Netherlands imposed censorship on correspondents of foreign newspapers.

Religion
Mass was celebrated in the Old Cathedral ruins of Panama City for the first time snce 1671.

70 years ago
1945


War
German forces abandoned 22 square miles in the Ardennes bulge. Soviet troops invaded German Silesia on a 56-mile front, driving 19 miles beyond the border between Reinersdorf and Guttentag. Japanese Prime Minister Kuniaki Koiso announced a drastic manpower mobilization law and told the Diet that the U.S. offensive had brought Japan to the brink of life or death.

Politics and government
U.S. Commerce Secretary Jesse Jones revealed correspondence from President Franklin D. Roosevelt asking him to surrender his post to former Vice President Henry Wallace.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Finger of Suspicion--Dickie Valentine (2nd week at #1)

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Yeh Yeh--Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Indonesia submitted its letter of withdrawal from the United Nations, reducing the UN to 114 member nations.

40 years ago
1975


Diplomacy
Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam arrived home from a 5 1/2-week tour of Europe and Asia, reporting "meaningful relations" with all power blocs.

Crime
In Thamesford, Ontario, escaped convict Donald Cline, 22, invaded the home of former neighbours Mr. and Mrs. George Field, and held the Fields' four children, aged 4-12, hostage. Mr. Cline was accompanied by his girlfriend, Gail Guest. Mr. and Mrs. Field were outside the house in the company of police.

Hockey
NHL
All-Star Game @ Montreal Forum
Prince of Wales Conference 7 Clarence S. Campbell Conference 1

Syl Apps, Jr. of the Pittsburgh Penguins scored 2 goals and was named the game's Most Valuable Player as the Wales defeated the Campbells before 16,080 fans in the first All-Star Game to be played under that format.

WHA
All-Star Game @ Edmonton Coliseum
Western Division 6 Eastern Division 4

Andre Hinse of the Houston Aeros scored 2 goals and his Houston teammates Gordie and Mark Howe each scored a goal and an assist as the Western All-Stars won before 15,326 fans, including this blogger. Rejean Houle of the Quebec Nordiques scored 2 goals and 2 assists for the Eastern All-Stars and was named the game's Most Valuable Player. It was the first penalty-free game I ever saw.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Do They Know it's Christmas?--Band Aid (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): ¿Cómo Pudiste Hacerme Esto a Mí?--Alaska y Dinarama (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
James Beard, 81
. U.S. chef. Mr. Beard was known as the "Dean of American Cuisine." He became well-known after the publication of his first cookbook, Hors D'Oeuvre and Canapés (1940). Mr. Beard hosted what is believed to be the first cooking program to appear on network television: I Love to Eat aired on NBC from 1946-1947. Mr. Beard established the James Beard Cooking School in 1955, and taught cooking throughout the United States for the remainder of his life.

Politics and government
The public ceremony to mark the inauguration of Ronald Reagan’s second term as 40th President of the United States took place in Washington. Since the official inauguration date of January 20 had fallen on a Sunday, Mr. Reagan had taken the oath of office privately that day.

Hockey
NHL
Denis Potvin of the New York Islanders tied Bobby Orr's NHL career record of goals by a defenceman.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Love Shack--The B-52's (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Girl I'm Gonna Miss You--Milli Vanilli (8th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
All-Star Game @ Pittsburgh Civic Arena
Prince of Wales Conference 12 Clarence S. Campbell Conference 7

Mario Lemieux of the hometown Penguins scored 4 goals, including 3 on his first 3 shots, and was voted the game’s Most Valuable Player. The score indicated that the All-Star Game was no longer a true hockey game, but simply a pathetic exhibition of no-body-contact offense. As a measure of how seriously it was regarded in the U.S.A., the NHL All-Star Game, which used to be televised in prime time on a Tuesday, took place on a Sunday afternoon. 17,503 were in attendance.

Tennis
John McEnroe threw his racquet and a tantrum at the Australian Open and became the first player to be disqualified from a Grand Slam event for misconduct since 1963.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Zombie--The Cranberries (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Old Pop in an Oak--Rednex (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Zombie--The Cranberries (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Think Twice--Celine Dion (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): On Bended Knee--Boyz II Men (6th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 On Bended Knee--Boys II Men (8th week at #1)
2 Another Night--Real McCoy
3 Always--Bon Jovi
4 Here Comes the Hotstepper--Ini Kamoze
5 Creep--TLC
6 Take a Bow--Madonna
7 I Wanna Be Down--Brandy
8 You Want This/70's Love Groove--Janet Jackson
9 Sukiyaki--4 P.M.
10 Every Day of the Week--Jade

Singles entering the chart were Strong Enough by Sheryl Crow (#69); Big Poppa/Warning by Notorious B.I.G. (#79); and In the House of Stone and Light by Martin Page (#83).

Politics and government
The U.S. Democratic National Committee chose U.S. Senator Christopher Dodd (Connecticut) as the committee's general chairman, and named Donald Fowler, a former party leader in South Carolina, as national chairman and operating officer.

10 years ago
2005


Protest
Demonstrations in the Belizean capital of Belmopan against large tax increases announced a week earlier by the government of Prime Minister Said Musa in the 2005-2006 budget concluded in a riot outside the National Assembly building.

Monday, January 19, 2015

January 20, 2015

750 years ago
1265


Politics and government
The first English parliament to include not only nobles but also representatives of the major towns met in the Palace of Westminster, now commonly known as the "Houses of Parliament."

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Ghulam Ishaq Khan
. 7th President of Pakistan, 1988-1993. A career bureaucrat, Mr. Ghulam Ishaq served as Pakistan's Defence Secretary (1975-1977), Minister of Finance (1977-1985), and Chairman of the Senate (1985-1988) before succeeding to the presidency upon the death of Zia-ul-Haq. Mr. Ghulam Ishaq resigned as President in 1993 and left public life; he died on October 27, 2006 at the age of 91.

80 years ago
1935


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Case of the Dual Personality

75 years ago
1940


Law
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the federal government could abolish all appeals from Canadian courts to the Privy Council in London.

Diplomacy
The United Kingdom denied that it had violated the 11th Hague Convention by interfering with mail from the United States to Europe in its search for contraband.

In a letter released by the White House, Pope Pius XII expressed little support for U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's peace effort.

Economics and finance
Sweden announced that it would accept $10 million in RFC credit from the U.S.A. for purchase of agricultural products.

Figure skating
Jane Vaugh retained the women's senior title at the United States championship competition in Rye, New York.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Don't Fence Me In--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Hermann Braun, 27
. U.S.-born German actor. Mr. Braun appeared in several films during the Nazi era, but his opposition to the regime probably led to his departure from the movie industry. He was drafted into the Wehrmacht and was killed during heavy fighting near Lodz, Poland.

War
The provisional Hungarian government established at Debrecen signed an agreement in Moscow with the Allies providing for unconditional surrender; a declaration of war against Germany; and reparations of $300 million. In a surprise offensive, French troops moved forward from the Vosges Mountains to the Rhine River in the Alsace sector of Mulhouse. Soviet forces took the East Prussian stronghold of Tilsit, as Germany began the evacuation of 1.8 million people from East Prussia, a task which would take nearly two months. The important Philippine communications centre and provincial capital of Tarlac, 65 miles north of Manila, was captured by American forces. U.S. carrier-based planes attacked Formosa, the Pescadores, and the Sakishima Island groups, reportedly destroying 140 enemy aircraft. Chinese troops captured Wanting, eliminating the last enemy resistance along the old land route to India through northern Burma.

Politics and government
Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated into his fourth term as the 32nd President of the United States of America in the smallest such ceremony on record. Harry Truman was inaugurated as Vice President, taking the oath from his predecessor, Henry Wallace, who had been dumped from the 1944 election ticket by President Roosevelt.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated former U.S. Senator Guy Gillette as chairman of the Surplus War Property Administration.

Society
A 24-hour guard was placed on the farm of a Japanese-American in Placer County, California to protect his property against vigilantes.

Track and field
After winning the two-mile run at the Boston YWCA Games, Gil Dodds announced his retirement from track to devote himself to full-time gospel work in Los Angeles.

50 years ago
1965


Died on this date
Alan Freed, 43
. U.S.disc jockey. Mr. Freed was working at WJW in Cleveland in 1951 when he began playing rhythm and blues records on his program, The Moondog House. On March 21, 1952, Mr. Freed presented The Moondog Coronation Ball at Cleveland Arena, which has been credited with being the first rock and roll concert. Mr. Freed moved to New York, working at WINS and then WABC. He hosted his own television program and appeared as himself in several movies, all of which featured numerous performances by rock and roll artists. When the payola scandal broke in 1959--record companies paid disc jockeys to play their records--Mr. Freed was the most prominent of those who lost their jobs. He had difficulty holding a steady job after that, and years of heavy smoking and drinking caught up with him and hastened his death, broke and all but forgotten. Mr. Freed was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a charter member in 1986.

Edmontonia
Our family flew the first Canadian maple leaf flag in Edmonton. Although the act creating a new Canadian flag had been passed by Parliament in December 1964, it didn't become effective until February 15, 1965. However, this blogger's father had connections, and was able to obtain a new flag before it became official. The early flags had two more points on the maple leaf than the official version and tended to look more orange than red. The Edmonton Journal, then an afternoon newspaper, published an article about the three different flags (maple leaf, Union Jack, Canadian Red Ensign) flying on the same block. Unfortunately, because the address was published, the flag was stolen that night.

Politics and government
Lyndon Johnson, who had become the 36th President of the United States of America upon the assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963, was inaugurated into a term in his own right. Hubert Humphrey was inaugurated as Vice President.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're My World--Daryl Braithwaite (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Todo El Tiempo Del Mundo--Manolo Otero (5th week at #1)

Canadiana
Katherine Eckel, representing Regina, was named Miss Teen Canada 1975. Cathy Park of Yellowknife represented the Northwest Territories at the pageant in Toronto which was televised on CTV.

Society
Police in Edmonton seized the film Emmanuelle (1974) from the Odeon Theatre and charged the theatre's parent company, Odeon Mid-Western Ltd. with exposing obscene material to the public. The movie, which had been approved by the Alberta Film Censorship Board, had been playing at the Odeon for about five weeks, and was showing at the Uptown Two theatre in Calgary six times daily. The seizure took place at 11:20 P.M., at the conclusion of the day's last screening.

Football
NFL
Pro Bowl @ Orange Bowl, Miami
NFC 17 AFC 10

James Harris of the Los Angeles Rams completed 2 touchdown passes in a span of 1 minute 24 seconds early in the 4th quarter as the National Football Conference, trailing 10-3 after 3 quarters, came back to defeat the American Football Conference before 26,484 fans. The NFC led 3-0 at halftime on a 33-yard field goal by Chester Marcol of the Green Bay Packers, but the AFC took the lead in the 3rd quarter on a 32-yard touchdown pass from Miami Dolphins' quarterback Bob Griese to teammate Paul Warfield. Roy Gerela of the Pittsburgh Steelers converted and added a 33-yard field goal. Mr. Harris's first touchdown pass was an 8-yard strike to Mel Gray of the St. Louis Cardinals at 2:03 of the 4th quarter, converted by Mr. Marcol. On the subsequent possession, Pittsburgh running back Franco Harris fumbled, and Washington Redskins' defensive halfback Ken Houston recovered. Mr. Harris then passed 8 yards for the touchdown to Charlie Taylor of the Redskins; Mr. Marcol converted. Mr. Harris was named the game's Most Valuable Player.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Do They Know It's Christmas?--Band Aid

#1 single in France (SNEP): Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr.

#1 single in Switzerland: One Night in Bangkok--Murray Head

Politics and government
Ronald Reagan began his second term as 40th President of the United States of America, with George Bush beginninghis second term as Vice President. Because it was a Sunday, Mr. Reagan took the oath of office in private. The public ceremony took place the next day.

Television
This year’s Super Bowl telecast marked the first time that television commercials ran for a million dollars per minute. It was the first Super Bowl to be televised on ABC: Frank Gifford called the play-by-play--the only time he did so for a Super Bowl--and Don Meredith, in his last game as a broadcaster, provided colour commentary along with Washington Redskins’ quarterback Joe Theismann.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XIX @ Stanford Stadium, Stanford, California
San Francisco 38 Miami 16

San Francisco quarterback Joe Montana completed 24 of 35 passes for 331 yards and 3 touchdowns, and rushed 5 times for 59 yards and a touchdown to earn the nod as the game’s Most Valuable Player. Roger Craig caught 2 of Mr. Montana’s touchdown passes, with the other going to Carl Monroe. Mr. Craig also rushed for a touchdown, becoming the first player ever to score 3 touchdowns in a Super Bowl. He finished with 58 yards rushing and 77 yards receiving. Ray Wersching kicked 5 converts and a field goal for the 49ers. Miami quarterback Dan Marino completed 29 of 50 passes for 318 yards, 1 touchdown and 2 interceptions; his touchdown pass was a 2-yard completion to Dan Johnson in the first quarter. Uwe von Schamann converted and added 3 field goals to complete the Dolphins’ scoring. Most of the action came in the first half, as the 49ers built up a 28-16 lead. 84,059 were in attendance at Stanford Stadium.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Love Shack--The B-52's (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Lambada--Kaoma (17th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic featuring Felly

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Hélène--Roch Voisine (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): All Around the World--Lisa Stansfield (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Hangin' Tough--New Kids on the Block (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): How am I Supposed to Live Without You--Michael Bolton

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic featuring Felly
2 Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins
3 Don't Know Much--Linda Ronstadt (featuring Aaron Neville)
4 Rhythm Nation--Janet Jackson
5 How am I Supposed to Live Without You--Michael Bolton
6 Just Like Jesse James--Cher
7 Just Between You and Me--Lou Gramm
8 With Every Beat of My Heart--Taylor Dayne
9 This One's for the Children--New Kids on the Block
10 Everything--Jody Watley

Singles entering the chart were Too Late to Say Goodbye by Richard Marx (#49); Escapade by Janet Jackson (#54); I Go to Extremes by Billy Joel (#59); Wait for You by Bonham (#66); Here and Now by Luther Vandross (#70); No Myth by Michael Penn (#73); Summer Rain by Belinda Carlisle (#76); Never 2 Much of You by Dino (#77); and The Deeper the Love by Whitesnake (#86).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins (6th week at #1)
2 Downtown Train--Rod Stewart
3 We Didn't Start the Fire--Billy Joel
4 Just Between You and Me--Lou Gramm
5 Don't Know Much--Linda Ronstadt (featuring Aaron Neville)
6 Rhythm Nation--Janet Jackson
7 With Every Beat of My Heart--Taylor Dayne
8 Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic featuring Felly
9 Blame it on the Rain--Milli Vanilli
10 Free Fallin'--Tom Petty

Singles entering the chart were Chippin' Away by Crosby, Stills & Nash (#69); Price of Love by Bad English (#71); Bad Love by Eric Clapton (#73); Tell Me Why by Expose (#76); Too Late to Say Goodbye by Richard Marx (#79); Love Song by Tesla (#83); Escapade by Janet Jackson (#86); Roam by the B-52's (#88); I Go to Extremes by Billy Joel (#90); and Wherever You Run by Regatta (#92).

Died on this date
Barbara Stanwyck, 82
. U.S. actress. Miss Stanwyck, born Ruby Stevens, was a major movie star from the 1930s through the 1950s, with her most notable films coming in the 1940s. Her films included Golden Boy (1939); The Lady Eve (1941); Ball of Fire (1941); Meet John Doe (1941); Double Indemnity (1944); Christmas in Connecticut (1945); The Strange Love of Martha Ivers (1946); and Sorry, Wrong Number (1948). Miss Stanwyck turned to television in the 1960s, and starred in the Western series The Big Valley (1965-1969).

War
Soviet troops, led by tanks, forced their way into Baku, the capital of the dissident republic of Azerbaijan, following seven days of pogroms against the local Armenian population.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Stay Another Day--East 17 (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The U.S. administration of President Bill Clinton announced that it would ease the trade embargo against North Korea that had been in effect since the Korean War in the early 1950s. The two countries had agreed in 1994 that North Korea would end its nuclear development program in return for American oversight of construction of two lightweight nuclear reactors, from which it was difficutl to extract weapons-grade plutonium. The U.S. would also put together a $4-billion package of aid to pay for the reactors, to be used to generate electricity. The U.S. also said that American visitors to N.K. could use credit cards. Telephone calls between the countries would be allowed; each country could open news bureaus in the other; and the U.S. would accept imports from North Korea of magnesite, a mineral used in steel production.

Crime
Roger Warren was convicted of second-degree murder for planting a bomb inside Giant gold mine in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories in 1992, which killed nine men when it exploded.

Hockey
NHL
Nine days after the National Hockey League Players Association had decided to accept the final offer from club owners, the NHL regular season began after a five-month lockout. The 1994-95 season consisted of a revised 48-game schedule instead of the usual 82.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Per Borten, 91
. Prime Minister of Norway, 1965-1971. Mr. Borten was credited with leading the Bondepartiet (Agrarian Party) into what is now the Centre Party. As Prime Minister, he led a four-party coalition.

Politics and government
George W. Bush was inaugurated into his second term as the 43rd President of the United States of America, with Dick Cheney beginning his second term as Vice President.

Protest
Labour unions and businesses in Belize called for a two-day nationwide strike in protest against large tax increases in the budget announced on January 14 by the government of Prime Minister Said Musa. Water service for much of the country was turned off as a result of employees not showing up for work.

Sunday, January 18, 2015

January 19, 2015

100 years ago
1915


War
German zeppelins bombed the English towns of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn, killing more than 20 in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target.

Technology
The electric neon discharge tube, commonly used in advertising signs, was patented in the United States by George Claude of Paris.

80 years ago
1935


Technology
Coopers Inc. sold the world's first briefs.

75 years ago
1940


Died on this date
William Borah, 74
. U.S. politician. Mr. Borah, a Republican, represented Idaho in the United States Senate from 1907 until his death. He was Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations from 1924-1933 and was Dean of the Senate from 1933 until his death. He was known for his support of an isolationist foreign policy, and was one of the leading opponents of U.S. membership in the League of Nations, but took a favourable attitute toward the U.S.S.R. Senator Borah was known for his oratorical skills, and when he spoke on the Senate floor, a shout of "Borah's up!" from someone in the press gallery would immediately bring reporters into the chamber to hear him.

War
Chinese dispatches estimated 3,000 Japanese fatalities in fighting in the Chinese province of Hupeh.

Defense
Slovakia adopted military conscription.

Politics and government
The French parliament banned all Communist Party senators and deputies who had not repudiated their association with the international Communist movement as of October 26, 1939.

Disasters
Associated Press reported 82 deaths in 24 American states due to the cold wave moving across the U.S. from the Canadian northwest.

Sport
The Amateur Athletic Unions' Pan-American Games Committee chose the United States as the best country to host the 1940 games, pending formal cancellation of the 1940 Summer Olympic Games in Helsinki. The Olympic had originally been awarded to Tokyo, but after Japan forfeited the games in 1938, the International Olympic Committee had rescheduled the games to be held in Helsinki from July 20-August 4, 1940.

70 years ago
1945


War
As British forces made further advances in the Netherlands, American forces tightened pressure on the German salient in the Ardennes. Soviet forces liberated the Polish cities of Krakow and Łódź. Of more than 200,000 inhabitants of the Łódź ghetto in 1940, less than 900 had survived the Nazi occupation. The U.S.S.R. notified the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration that its port and inland transportation systems needed to take relief supplies to Poland and Czechoslovakia were now available.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Edward Stettinius announced that he would accompany President Franklin D. Roosevelt to the next meeting with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet dictator Josef Stalin and that he would also attend the Inter-American Conference in Mexico City.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that the U.S.A., U.K., and Canada had agreed to continue the Combined Production and Resources Board; the Combined Raw Materials Board; and the Combined Food Board, until Japan was defeated.

Scandal
The U.S. government filed suit in Trenton, New Jersey, charging 18 steel concerns, including Carnegie, Republic, and Bethlehem, with conspiring to fix prices and restrain trade since 1934.

60 years ago
1955


On television today
A presidential news conference was filmed for TV for the first time, with the permission of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

50 years ago
1965


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Inese!

On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Nicest Fella You'd Ever Want to Meet, with guest stars Pat Hingle, Mary Murphy, Dabney Coleman, and Tom Skerritt

Music
The Beach Boys were at Western Recording Studios in Hollywood, California, where they finished recording the songs Good to My Baby; Help Me, Ronda; I'm So Young; and In the Back of My Mind, all of which appeared on the album The Beach Boys Today!

Space
The United States launched Gemini 2 from Launch Complex 19 at Cape Kennedy, Florida aboard a Titan II rocket. The second and last unmanned Gemini mission was suborbital, lasted 18 minutes and 16 seconds, and was a success.



The mission of the Soviet satellite Cosmos 52 ended, one week after launch.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Thomas Hart Benton, 85
. U.S. artist. Mr. Benton, a native of Neosho, Missouri and longtime resident of Kansas City, Missouri, was a major figure in the Regionalist movement, and was known for his paintings of everyday life in the United States, particularly the Midwest.

Disasters
An earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck the state of Himachal Pradesh in northern India, causing 47 casualties and damaging many buildings.

Golf
Johnny Miller continued his hot streak by capturing the Tucson Open, defeating runner-up John Mahaffey by 9 strokes with a record 25-under-par score of 263. The week before, Mr. Miller had won the Phoenix Open by shooting 24-under-par 260.

Basketball
NBA
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar scored 50 points as the Milwaukee Bucks defeated the Portland Trail Blazers. Rookie Portland center Bill Walton was held to 7 points. Both players were former centers with the University of California at Los Angeles Bruins, and this was the first time they had played against each other.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 3 @ Boston 6

Carol Vadnais and Don Marcotte each scored his 100th career NHL goal as the Bruins defeated the Maple Leafs before 14,521 fans at Boston Garden in the weekly CBC radio broadcast. Terry O'Reilly, Phil Esposito, Gregg Sheppard, and Andre Savard also scored for Boston. Dave Keon, Lanny McDonald, and Bob Neely scored for Toronto. The highlight of the game for many was a fight between Mr. O'Reilly and Toronto rookie Dave "Tiger" Williams.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Careless Whisper--George Michael (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Do They Know it's Christmas?--Band Aid (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Do They Know it's Christmas?--Band Aid (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Like a Virgin--Madonna (5th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Like a Virgin--Madonna (4th week at #1)
2 All I Need--Jack Wagner
3 Cool it Now--New Edition
4 Run to You--Bryan Adams
5 You're the Inspiration--Chicago
6 I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner
7 Do They Know it's Christmas?--Band Aid
8 Born in the U.S.A.--Bruce Springsteen
9 Sea of Love--The Honeydrippers
10 Easy Lover--Philip Bailey (with Phil Collins)

Singles entering the chart were California Girls by David Lee Roth (#35); Can't Fight this Feeling by REO Speedwagon (#44); Rockin' at Midnight by the Honeydrippers (#58); Private Dancer by Tina Turner (#61); Ooh Ooh Song by Pat Benatar (#64); I Wanna Hear it from Your Lips by Eric Carmen (#79); This is My Night by Chaka Khan (#80); Too Late for Goodbyes by Julian Lennon (#87); and Yo' Little Brother by Nolan Thomas (#88).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Like a Virgin--Madonna
2 Do They Know it's Christmas?--Band Aid
3 I Feel for You--Chaka Khan
4 Sea of Love--The Honeydrippers
5 Run to You--Bryan Adams
6 Ti Amo--Laura Branigan
7 Careless Whisper--Wham! featuring George Michael
8 The Wild Boys--Duran Duran
9 Easy Lover--Philip Bailey (with Phil Collins)
10 Smalltown Boy--Bronski Beat

Singles entering the chart were Private Dancer by Tina Turner (#71); Hang on to Your Love by Sade (#73); Sugar Walls by Sheena Easton (#80); Rockin' at Midnight by the Honeydrippers (#84); Naughty Naughty by John Parr (#93); and Misled by Kool & The Gang (#95).

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins (8th week at #1)

Scandal
Washington, D.C. Mayor Marion Barry was arraigned in U.S. District Court on a misdemeanour charge of wilfully possessing cocaine, the day after his arrest at the Vista International Hotel in downtown Washington.

Abominations
Eight Salvadoran military officers and soldiers plus a ninth still being sought were indicted for the murders of six Jesuit priests and two other people in San Salvador in November 1989. The eight in custody pled not guilty.

Protest
Several hundred people showed up at Jan Smuts Airport in Johannesburg to protest the arrival of rebel cricketers from England who were defying a ban on playing in South Africa.

Society
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. cancelled its plan to test-market Uptown, a new brand of cigarette aimed at Negro consumers, saying that "the unfair and biased attention the brand had received" would invalidate the results of the test. The announcement was made the day after U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Louis Sullivan had made a speech to medical students at the University of Pennsylvania sharply criticizing the plan.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Kourin, kourin--Sikaduo

Died on this date
Gene MacLellan, 56
. Canadian musician. Mr. MacLellan was a singer-songwriter who appeared regularly on Canadian television programs such as Don Messer's Jubilee and Singalong Jubilee in the 1960s and '70s. He was best known for writing the songs Snowbird, which, in 1970, became the first major hit single for Anne Murray, and Put Your Hand in the Hand, a major hit for Ocean in 1971. Mr. MacLellan's own recordings included the singles The Call (1970) and Thorn in My Shoe (1970). He committed suicide by hanging himself at his home in Summerside, Prince Edward Island.

War
Russian forces captured Grozny, capital of the rebel republic of Chechnya. Russian President Boris Yeltsin removed three deputy defense ministers who had criticized the war.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S. trade deficit was $10.53 billion for November 1994.

Disasters
After being struck by lightning, the 2-man crew of Bristow Flight 56C, a helicopter carrying 16 oil workers from Aberdeen, Scotland to the Brae Alpha rig in the North Sea were forced to ditch. All 18 aboard were rescued.

Saturday, January 17, 2015

January 18, 2015

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Syl Apps
. Canadian hockey player and politician. Mr. Apps won the gold medal in the pole vault competition at the 1934 British Empire Games in London and finished sixth in the competition at the Summer Olymipc Games in Berlin two years later. He played football at McMaster University, but was best known as a hockey player, playing centre with the Toronto Maple Leafs from 1936-1943 and 1945-48. Mr. Apps scored 201 goals and 231 assists in 423 regular season NHL games, and 25 goals and 29 assists in 67 playoff games. He helped the Maple Leafs win Stanley Cups in 1942, 1947, and 1948. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1961 and Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 1975. Mr. Apps was a Member of the Provincial Parliament of Ontario as a Progressive Conservative from 1963-1975, and was Minister of Correctional Services fro 1971-1974. He died of a heart attack on December 24, 1998 at the age of 83.

Diplomacy
Japan presented the "Twenty-One Demands" to Republic of China leader General Yuan Shikai in a bid to increase Japan's power in East Asia.

75 years ago
1940


War
The Ontario Provincial Parliament, led by Premier Mitchell Hepburn, condemned the federal government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King for the manner in which Canada's war effort was being prosecuted, giving Mr. King an excuse to ask Governor General Lord Tweedsmuir to dissolve Parliament and call a federal election. Chile, Mexico, and Uruguay declined to participate in a proposed Latin American protest to the U.S.S.R. over its invasion of Finland. Chinese forces claimed to be within 10 miles of Canton.

Politics and government
Maury Hughes, co-chairman of the Garner for President campaign, announced that a nationwide campaign for delegates would be conducted. John Nance "Cactus Jack" Garner was Vice President of the United States, having held the office under President Franklin D. Roosevelt since 1933.

70 years ago
1945


War
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill told the House of Commons that the Allies still insisted on unconditional surrender on the part of the Axis enemies. Berlin radio reported that Soviet troops had reached the German Silesian border. The Budapest ghetto was liberated by the Soviet Red Army. U.S. forces on the Philippine island of Luzon expanded inland from their beachhead, taking the taown of Urdaneta, an important road centre. Japanese forces launched an attack at both ends of the Canton-Hankow railroad.

Terrorism
A military tribunal in Cairo pronounced death sentences for Eliahu Hakim and Eliahu Bet-Tsouri, Jews from Palestine, for the 1944 assassination of Lord Moyne, British resident minister in the Middle East.

Economics and finance
The U.S. War Production Board reported that U.S. war expenditures in 1944 had totalled $94.174 billion, an increase of 7.1% over 1943.

The U.S. government filed suit in Newark, New Jersey against General Electric, charging conspiracy with foreign manufacturers, including German and Japanese concerns, to divide world markets for electrical goods.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board ruled that an employee who left his regular job for another at the request or order of the WMC accumulated seniority in his original job as though he had never left it.

60 years ago
1955


War
In the Chinese Civil War, the Battle of Yijiangshan Islands began.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ce Monde--Richard Anthony

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Hucklebuck--Brendan Bowyer

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'll Be There--Gerry and the Pacemakers
2 As Tears Go By--Marianne Faithfull
3 Downtown--Petula Clark
4 The Jerk--The Larks
5 You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'--The Righteous Brothers
6 Love Potion No. 9--The Searchers
7 Dance, Dance, Dance--The Beach Boys
8 If You Don't Want My Love--Jack London
9 So Many Other Boys--The Esquires
10 Amen--The Impressions

Singles entering the chart were Use Your Head by Mary Wells (#25); The "In" Crowd by Dobie Gray (#28); Hold What You've Got by Joe Tex (#32); I'll Come Running by Lulu (#33); Sometimes I Wonder by Major Lance (#34); Paper Tiger by Sue Thompson (#35); Run, Run, Run by the Gestures (#36); I Understand by Freddie and the Dreamers (#37); and Tell Her No by the Zombies (#40). No Reply by the Beatles, a track from the album Beatles '65, charted at #39.

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Final Performance, starring Franchot Tone, Sharon Farrell, and Roger Perry

Music
The Beach Boys were at Western Recording Studios in Hollywood, California, where they began recording the song I'm So Young.

Politics and government
John T. Connor replaced Luther Hodges as United States Secretary of Commerce.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): I Can Help--Billy Swan (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Down Down--Status Quo

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Mandy--Barry Manilow

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mandy--Barry Manilow
2 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
3 Laughter in the Rain--Neil Sedaka
4 You're the First, the Last, My Everything--Barry White
5 Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John
6 Boogie On Reggae Woman--Stevie Wonder
7 Only You--Ringo Starr
8 One Man Woman/One Woman Man--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
9 Never Can Say Goodbye--Gloria Gaynor
10 Morning Side of the Mountain--Donny and Marie Osmond

Singles entering the chart were I am Love (Parts 1 and 2) by the Jackson 5 (#74); Movin' On by Bad Company (#76); Sally G by Paul McCartney & Wings (#90); I Get Lifted by George McCrae (#92); You are So Beautiful by Joe Cocker (#94); The South's Gonna Do It by the Charlie Daniels Band (#95); Good Times, Rock and Roll by Flash Cadillac and the Continental Kids (#96); Sad Sweet Dreamer by Sweet Sensation (#97); Wolfman Jack by Todd Rundgren (#98); and Shame, Shame, Shame by Shirley (and Company) (#99). Sally G was the B-side of Junior's Farm, charting at #20.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John (2nd week at #1)
2 Laughter in the Rain--Neil Sedaka
3 Cat's in the Cradle--Harry Chapin
4 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
5 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
6 Angie Baby--Helen Reddy
7 Do It (Til' You're Satisfied)--B.T. Express
8 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
9 Morning Side of the Mountain--Donny and Marie Osmond
10 My Melody of Love--Bobby Vinton

Singles entering the chart were Roll on Down the Highway by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#81); Big Yellow Taxi by Joni Mitchell (#82); #9 Dream by John Lennon (#83); I'm a Woman by Maria Muldaur (#84); As Long as He Takes Care of Home by Candi Staton (#86); Baby Hang Up the Phone by Carl Graves (#87); A Woman's Story by Cher (#88); Ain't That Peculiar by Diamond Reo (#89); Ding Dong, Ding Dong by George Harrison (#91); Sally G by Paul McCartney & Wings (#93); Midnight Sky by the Isley Brothers (#94); Love Me the Way that You Do by Michal Hasek (#95); I Wouldn't Treat a Dog (The Way You Treated Me) by Bobby Bland (#96); Rocky Mountain Boy by J.C. Stone (#97); Safe at Home by the Souther, Hillman, Furay Band (#98); It's All Right by Jim Capaldi (#99); and Mother Earth by Ian Thomas (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 Mandy--Barry Manilow
2 Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John
3 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
4 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
5 One Man Woman/One Woman Man--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
6 Cat's in the Cradle--Harry Chapin
7 Morning Side of the Mountain--Donny and Marie Osmond
8 Bungle in the Jungle--Jethro Tull
9 Laughter in the Rain--Neil Sedaka
10 Angie Baby--Helen Reddy
11 Junior's Farm--Paul McCartney & Wings
12 You're the First, the Last, My Everything--Barry White
13 Never Can Say Goodbye--Gloria Gaynor
14 You're No Good--Linda Ronstadt
15 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
16 Dancin' Fool--The Guess Who
17 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
18 Only You--Ringo Starr
19 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
20 Sha La La (Make Me Happy)--Al Green
21 You Beat Me to the Punch--Charity Brown
22 My Melody of Love--Bobby Vinton
23 Boogie On Reggae Woman--Stevie Wonder
24 Doctor's Orders--Carol Douglas
25 Lady Ellen--James Leroy
26 Best of My Love--The Eagles
27 Fairytale--The Pointer Sisters
28 Ride 'Em Cowboy--Paul Davis
24 I Can Help--Billy Swan
29 Lady--Styx
30 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive

Calgary's top 10
1 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas (4th week at #1)
2 Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds--Elton John
3 I Can Help--Billy Swan
4 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
5 Crazy Talk--Chilliwack
6 Boogie On Reggae Woman--Stevie Wonder
7 Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters
8 Junior's Farm--Paul McCartney & Wings
9 Longfellow Serenade--Neil Diamond
10 Angie Baby--Helen Reddy
Pick hit of the week: Bungle in the Jungle--Jethro Tull

Died on this date
Alvarado Pineda, 29
. Mexican-born U.S. jockey. Mr. Pineda was killed at Santa Anita, California when his horse reared in the starting gate, causing Mr. Pineda's head to strike a metal bar. He had won 419 races in 1969 and 329 in 1970, ranking second in the United States in both years.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 5 @ Montreal 3

Dave "Tiger" Williams scored his first NHL goal with 8:20 remaining in the game to lift the Maple Leafs into a 3-3 tie, and Bob Neely scored his 2nd of the season 45 seconds later as the Maple Leafs defeated the Canadiens before 17,278 fans at the Montreal Forum in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast. Norm Ullman opened the scoring for Toronto, and Bill Flett added 2 goals, including the last one into an empty net with 32 seconds left. Steve Shutt, Murray Wilson, and Pete Mahovlich scored for Montreal. The loss snapped the Canadiens' unbeaten streak at 21 games, 2 short of the record set by the Boston Bruins in 1940-41.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): One Night in Bangkok--Murray Head

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Do They Know it's Christmas?--Band Aid (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Wilfrid Brambell, 72
. Irish-born U.K. actor. Mr. Brambell was best known for co-starring in the television comedy series Steptoe and Son (1962-1965; 1970-1974) and for playing Paul McCartney's grandfather in the movie A Hard Day's Night (1964).

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Letkautus--Lättykettu & Tehosekoittajat

Died on this date
Rusty Hamer, 42
. U.S. actor. Mr. Hamer played Rusty Williams in the television comedy series Make Room for Daddy/The Danny Thomas Show (1953-1964) and Make Room for Granddaddy (1970-1971). Like many child actors, he had trouble finding work when he grew up, and committed suicide by shooting himself.

Crime
The longest and costliest trial in American history concluded in Los Angeles when Peggy McMartin Buckey and her son Raymond Buckey were acquitted on 52 counts of child molestation and conspiracy. The jury was deadlocked on one remaining count against Mrs. Buckey and on 13 counts against her son. The trial lasted 33 months, filled 60,000 pages of transcript, and cost the state of California about $15 million. Based on accounts by young children, seven people had originally been indicted on child molestation charges--incidents that had allegedly occurred at the McMartin Pre-School in Manhattan Beach. Charges against the other five defendants had been dropped for lack of evidence. Raymond Buckey had spent 5 years in jail and his mother 22 months in jail. Some jurors who were interviewed after the verdict said that they had reservations about the technique used to interview children who may have been molested, especially the practice of asking them leading questions. The remaining count against Mrs. Buckey was dismissed, while a mistrial was declared on the remaining counts against David Buckey. The case took place during the era (approximately 1988-1992) of "Satanic panic," when sensationalistic media figures such as Geraldo Rivera and Bob Larson and "Christian" psychotherapists such as Richard Fluornoy were promoting the idea that there was an epidemic of satanic ritual abuse. The McMartin case helped to turn the light on "False Memory Syndrome," where alleged victims have memories planted in them by unethical psychotherapists and then recall events that couldn’t possibly have happened.

Scandal
Washington, D.C. Mayor Marion Barry was arrested by city police and FBI agents on a drug charge. According to reports, law enforcement officials used a former model and friend of Mr. Barry’s to lure him to the Vista International Hotel in downtown Washington. There, according to the FBI, Mr. Barry bought a small amount of crack cocaine from an undercover agent, put it in a pipe, and smoked it. The incident was videotaped, and Mr. Barry was arrested.

It was reported that Todor Zhivkov, former Communist Party leader of Bulgaria, had been put under house arrest on charges of malfeasance in office and misuse of government property and money.

Society
U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Louis Sullivan criticized a plan by R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company to test-market a new cigarette brand, Uptown, to Negro Americans in Philadelphia. Mr. Sullivan, speaking to medical students at the University of Pennsylvania, said, "At a time when our people desperately need the message of health promotion, Uptown’s message is more disease, more suffering, and more death..." Surveys had found that smoking was more common among Negroes than whites.

Health
This day’s issue of the New England Journal of Medicine reported that Harvard University researchers had conducted a study that failed to show that oat bran had any special ability to lower blood serum cholesterol levels. Based on the study of 20 adults, the researchers concluded that bran or any other starchy carbohydrate was beneficial primarily because people who ate it tended to eat less high-fat food. Manufacturers of oat bran products said the Harvard study sample was too small to be accepted. The oat bran fad had caught on after a previous study had shown that it lowered cholesterol.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 4.6% in 1989, the highest rate since 1981.

The Bank of Canada allowed its trend-setting interest rate to drop 0.29%. The decline was attributed to speculation in the money markets that Bank of Canada Governor John Crow intended to let interest rates fall, reducing the large spread between Canadian and American rates.

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Adolf Butenandt, 91
. German chemist. Dr. Butenandt was awarded a share of the 1939 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his work on sex hormones."

Ron Luciano, 57. U.S. football player and baseball umpire. Mr. Luciano played tackle with Syracuse University in the late 1950s and was drafted by the Detroit Lions of the NFL, but a serious shoulder injury suffered in the 1959 College All-Star Game and a later knee injury hastened the end of his career. He became a baseball umpire in the minor professional leagues and worked his way to the majors, umpiring in the American League from 1969-1979. Mr. Luciano was known for his flamboyant style of making calls, especially for multiple fist pumps after a player was thrown out on an outstanding defensive play. Mr. Luciano's antics tended to obscure the fact that he was an excellent umpire for most of his career. Eventually the showmanship appeared to take precedence over the umpiring, but Mr. Luciano knew when to retire. He was a colour commentator on the NBC Game of the Week in the early 1980s, but was not very good at it; he achieved greater success as author of five books about his baseball experiences. Mr. Luciano embodied the cliche of the clown who was laughing on the outside but crying on the inside; apparently suffering from depression for many years, he committed suicide by closing his garage door and pumping carbon monoxide into his car as he sat inside.

Archaeology
French Culture Minister Jacques Toubon announced the discovery several weeks earlier of four halls, containing 300 images, of Paleolithic cave art in the Ardeche region of southern France. The halls measured as much as 70 yards long and 40 yards wide, and the images were up to 12 feet long. The paintings, done in Yellow ochre, charcoal, and hematite, were of rhinos, bears, mammoths, oxen, and other animals. Skulls and bones of bears, knives, and remains of fireplaces were also found in the cave.

War
Russian President Boris Yeltsin said that he would not negotiate with Dzhokhan Dudayev, President of the rebel republic of Chechnya.

Politics and government
Lamberto Dini, who had served as Treasury Minister in the Italian government of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi in 1994, took office as Prime Minister, five days after being asked by President Oscar Scalfaro to form a new government.

Crime
In the Los Angeles murder trial of former U.S. football star O.J. Simpson, Judge Lance Ito replaced 2 jurors with alternates, leaving a jury of 8 Negroes, 2 whites, 1 hispanic, and 1 other identified as half-white and half Native American.

10 years ago
2005


Aviation
The Airbus A380, the world's largest commercial jet, with a capacity of 800 passengers, was unveiled at a ceremony in Toulouse, France.