Saturday, February 13, 2016

February 13, 2016

250 years ago
1766


Born on this date
Thomas Robert Malthus
. U.K. clergyman and economist. Rev. Malthus, an Anglican cleric, was best known for An Essay on the Principles of Population, which went through six editions from 1798-1826. Rev. Malthus argued that human population increased faster than food supply; the last edition of his work influenced evolutionists Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. Rev. Malthus died on December 29, 1834 at the age of 68.

175 years ago
1841


Politics and government
The first Parliament of the Province of Canada held its first meeting in a converted hospital in Kingston. The members of the Legislative Council and the House of Assembly were sworn in, after which the House of Assembly elected Austin Cuvillier as speaker. William Draper and Charles Odgen formed the Draper-Ogden Ministry.

150 years ago
1866


Crime
The gang that included Jesse James and Cole Younger committed their first bank robbery in Liberty, Missouri.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Grant Wood
. U.S. artist. Mr. Wood, a native of rural Iowa, was known for his paintings of the rural Midwestern United States. His best known work was American Gothic (1930), one of the most famous paintings in American history. Mr. Wood died of pancreatic cancer on February 12, 1942, the day before his 51st birthday.

Kate Roberts. U.K. author. Miss Roberts, a Welsh nationalist, wrote novels and short stories in Welsh. She died on April 4, 1985 at the age of 94.

75 years ago
1941


Diplomacy
Spanish dictator Generalissimo Francisco Franco and Vichy French Prime Minister Marshal Philippe Petain conferred in Montpelier, France.

Europeana
King Alfonso XIII of Spain renounced all claims to the throne in favour of his son Don Juan.

Defense
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted 15-8 in favour of the Lend-Lease bill.

Economics and finance
The New York Stock Exchange declined to extend trading hours after a survey showed more than half the members opposed to the change.

Scandal
Robert J. Boltz, an investment counsellor from Philadelphia, was arrested in Rochester, New York on charges of embezzling more than $2.5 million.

Law
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated Jerome Frank for the Second Circuit Court of Appeals.

70 years ago
1946


War
At the trial in Nuremberg of accused Nazi war criminals, the Soviet prosecution accused the Germans of murdering and mistreating uncounted numbers of U.S.S.R. prisoners. U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Spruille Braden said that evidence captured in Germany indicated that Argentina had been guilty of supporting the Nazi cause during World War II.

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution rejecting Soviet demands for forced repatriation of refugees; the U.S.S.R. also lost her bids to gain Albania's admission to the UN and to have the Security Council examine the situation in the Netherlands East Indies. The United Nations Permanent Headquarters Committee voted to locate the organization in New York City, and named a nine-man commission to choose a final site.

According to an official census taken by the Vienna Jewish Community Organization, 3,028 Jews remaining in the city intended to leave Europe, and 1,065 wished to go to Palestine. More than half were willing to go anywhere.

Defense
U.S. military authorities in Germany announced that Yugoslavian nationals employed by the Army would be dismissed immediately, after raids on refugee camps uncovered documents of an underground "Royal Yugoslav Army."

Politics and government
U.S. Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes resigned because of his dispute with President Harry Truman over Mr. Truman's appointment of Edwin Pauley as Undersecretary of the Navy.

The Communist Party USA expelled former leader Earl Browder for factional activity and violation of party discipline, and warned members against "Browderism."

Crime
A U.S. federal court in Washington, D.C. ruled that poet Ezra Pound was mentally unsound and could not stand trial on treason charges. Mr. Pound had made broadcasts in Italy during World War II on behalf of the Axis powers.

Labour
The 10-day strike of tugboat operators in New York City ended as International Longshoremen's Association workers agreed to arbitration of their dispute, permitting normal fuel supplies to reach New York City.

The U.K. House of Commons voted to repeal the Trade Disputes Act (1927), which banned general strikes.

Disasters
275 people were killed when an earthquake struck Algeria.

15 people were injured and 200 left homeless when a tornado struck Ardmore, Oklahoma.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Convoy--C.W. McCall (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Moviestar--Harpo (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Mamma Mia--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Lily Pons, 77
. French-born U.S. singer. Miss Pons, born Alice Joséphine Pons, was a pianist before she took up singing, performing as a soprano in an operatic career that lasted for more than 40 years. She moved to the United States in the early 1930s, and became an American citizen in 1940. Miss Pons performed with the Metropolitan Opera in New York City over 300 times.

Murtala Muhammed, 37. 4th Head of State of Nigeria, 1975-1976. General Muhammed became haed of state on July 30, 1975 after a military coup overthrew Yakubu Gowon. Gen. Muhammad and aide-de camp Lieutenant Akintunde Akinsehinwa were killed in an abortive attempt at a coup led by Lieutenant Colonel Buka Suka Dimka, when their car was ambushed en route to Gen. Muhammed's office in Lagos. The coup leaders held the radio station in Lagos for several hours, but the government had regained control by nightfall. Gen. Muhammed was succeeded as head of state by Chief of Staff Olusegun Obasanjo.

Personal
This blogger attended a morning pep rally at Sir John Franklin Territorial High School in Yellowknife, and then the Valentine's Day dance at the school gym that night--an event that was ruined by the sight of a certain girl necking in the corner with a certain boy who wasn't this blogger; and a more offensive spectacle I cannot recall.

Olympics
Kathy Kreiner of Canada won the gold medal in the women's Giant Slalom at the Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria; it was Canada's only gold medal at the games. Dorothy Hamill of the United States won the women's figure skating gold medal, wowing judges with her signature spin--dubbed the Hamill Camel--and creating a new North American hairstyle almost overnight.

30 years ago
1986


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: Gramma, starring Barret Oliver; Personal Demons, starring Martin Balsam; Cold Reading, starring Larry Poindexter

Personal
This blogger won $89 on St. Albert radio station CKST, but I don't remember what for.

War
Iran claimed that 17 of its soldiers had died as a result of poisoning used by chemical weapons used by Iraq.

Scandal
Chrysler Corporation chairman Lee Iacocca, dismissed the previous day as chairman of the Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Centennial Commission, alleged that he had been removed from his position because the U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan wanted him out because he opposed plans for a hotel and conference centre on Ellis Island that Mr. Iacocca said would be developed by "the sale of tax shelters to the rich."

Disasters
A photograph released by NASA of the rocket carrying the space shuttle Challenger on January 28 showed that the plume of fire previously observed had been pinpointed at or near the bottom seam that was supposed to have been sealed by the O-rings. A failure of the O-rings was being investigated as the prime cause of the explosion that killed all seven astronauts just 73 seconds after liftoff.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Crazy--Seal

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Courage

War
Up to 500 Iraqi civilians were killed, including many sleeping women and children, when U.S. planes dropped two bombs on an underground shelter. Coalition forces said the target was a military control centre and blamed Iraq for placing civilians there. The building was in a residential area and across the street from a school.

Economics and finance
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev said the nation was not yet ready to give up central economic controls.

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Martin Balsam, 76
. U.S. actor. Mr. Balsam had a lengthy career as a supporting actor in television programs and movies such as 12 Angry Men (1957); Psycho (1960); and Little Big Man (1970). He won an Academy Award for his supporting performance in A Thousand Clowns (1965).

Friday, February 12, 2016

February 12, 2016

200 years ago
1816


Disasters
St. John's, Newfoundland was almost completely destroyed by a fire.

75 years ago
1941


War
The German heavy cruiser Hipper sank seven British ships between the Azores and Portugal. Major General Erwin Rommel arrived in Tripoli to take command of the German-Italian front in Libya. General Grigori Zhukov was appointed chief of the Soviet Red Army's general staff and vice commissar of defense.

Diplomacy
Spanish dictator Generalissimo Francisco Franco and Italian Duce Benito Mussolini met in Bordighera, Italy.

Defense
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved seven House of Representatives amendments to the Lend-Lease bill, and added an amendment requiring authorizations and appropriations from Congress before giving aid to foreign nations. Senator Gerald Nye (Republican--North Dakota) attacked 1940 Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie's support for Lend-Lease, while New York City District Attorney Thomas Dewey supported the bill's passage.

Labour
U.S. Attorney General Robert H. Jackson announced the approval of new deportation procedures against Congress of Industrial Organizations leader Harry Bridges, a native of Australia, under the new provisions of the Alien Registration Act of 1940.

Oil
Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) announced that it had developed a new process for cracking petroleum, employing the fluid instead of the intermittent type of catalytic cracking, which simplified and lowered the cost of operation and improved the quality of the gasoline.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes revealed that the U.S.S.R. had demanded, at the Allied Council of Foreign Ministers, sole trusteeship of the former Italian colony of Tripolitania.

The U.S. State Department issued a Blue Book accusing the government of Argentina of complicity with Germany during World War II and continued protection of Nazi interests.

Politics and government
Soviet military authorities announced the formation of an all-Korean Central Government of North Korea.

The Japanese home office announced that 1,931 candidates were seeking election to the reformed House of Representatives.

U.S. Representatives Hugh De Lacy (Democrat--Washington) and John Rankin (Democrat--Mississippi) were ruled off the House floor after a dispute over Rep. Rankin's reference to newsman Walter Winchell as "a little slime-mongering kike."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Treasury Department released Dutch assets of $1.8 billion, which had been frozen when German forces had occupied the Netherlands during World War II.

Labour
The U.S. United Auto Workers rejected General Motors' offer of an 18 1/2c-per-hour wage increase, and broke off negotiations.

Medicine
A New York State Senate committee killed two bills outlawing the use of dogs in medical experiments.

60 years ago
1956


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: And So Died Riabouchinska, starring Claude Rains and Charles Bronson

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): We Can Work it Out/Day Tripper--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Michelle--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Nessuno mi può giudicare--Caterina Caselli

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Yesterday Man--Chris Andrews (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Michelle--The Beatles; The Overlanders

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): My Love--Petula Clark (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lightnin' Strikes--Lou Christie
2 My Love--Petula Clark
3 Barbara Ann--The Beach Boys
4 No Matter What Shape (Your Stomach's In)--The T-Bones
5 Uptight (Everything's Alright)--Stevie Wonder
6 My World is Empty Without You--The Supremes
7 Crying Time--Ray Charles
8 Zorba the Greek--Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass
9 A Well Respected Man--The Kinks
10 Going to a Go-Go--The Miracles

Singles entering the chart were Batman Theme by the Marketts (#51); Husbands and Wives (#63)/I've Been a Long Time Leavin' (But I'll Be a Long Time Gone) (#92) by Roger Miller; Listen People by Herman's Hermits (#64); Homeward Bound by Simon & Garfunkel (#67); Tears by Bobby Vinton (#70); Batman by Jan & Dean (#75); Somewhere There's a Someone by Dean Martin (#79); Batman Theme by Neal Hefti (#80); Up and Down by the McCoys (#82); Set You Free This Time by the Byrds (#83); 634-5789 (Soulsville, U.S.A.) by Wilson Pickett (#85); Dear Lover by Mary Wells (#86); When the Ship Hit the Sand by "Little" Jimmy Dickens (#87); Put Yourself in My Place by the Elgins (#91); Don't Take it Out on Me by Bobbi Martin (#93); Woman by Peter and Gordon (#94); Georgia on My Mind by the Righteous Brothers (#95); In My Room (El Amor) by Verdelle Smith (#96); Waitin' in Your Welfare Line by Buck Owens (#97); I'll Go Crazy by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#98); It's Too Late by Bobby Goldsboro (#99); Where am I Going? by Barbra Streisand (#100); and Stop! by the Moody Blues (also #100). The versions of Batman Theme were versions of the theme from the television series Batman. Listen People was from the movie When the Boys Meet the Girls (1965). Set You Free This Time was the B-side of It Won't Be Wrong, charting at #74.

Skiing
Nancy Greene of Rossland, British Columbia won the gold medal in the women's slalom event at the Canadian International Championships at Banff, Alberta in the first FIS World Cup race held in Canada.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Sal Mineo, 37
. U.S actor. Mr. Mineo was popular as a teenager in movies such as Rebel Without a Cause (1955); Giant (1956); The Gene Krupa Story (1959); and Exodus (1960), but his career declined in the 1960s. He was on his way home from rehearsing for a play when he was stabbed to death behind his apartment building in West Hollywood, California.

War
The Cuban-supported Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola captured all major points in the country's civil war.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie (6th week at #1)

Edmontonia
Wendy Gans was chosen Miss Teen Edmonton 1986. The pageant was broadcast on CFRN-TV, and this blogger correctly picked the winner at the beginning.

Scandal
A U.S. federal court jury awarded former University of Georgia English instructor Jan Kemp more than $2.5 million because she had been fired for protesting favouritism toward university football players. Ms. Kemp had worked in the university’s remedial English program, and had criticized the school for changing the failing grades given to nine football players in order to make them eligible for a bowl game.

U.S. Interior Secretary Donald Hodel fired Chrysler Corporation chairman Lee Iacocca as chairman of the Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Centennial Commission, ostensibly to remove any appearance of a conflict of interest. Mr. Iacocca remained as chairman of the private Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation. The foundation raised money for the restoration of the statue and the Ellis Island buildings, while the government-appointed commission advised the Interior Department on how the money should be spent. Mr. Iacocca had raised a great deal of money for the foundation, but had been criticized by some for relying heavily on corporate sponsors who had then been permitted to use an image of the statue in their advertising.

Disasters
At hearings of the U.S. presidential commission investigating the January 28 explosion of the space shuttle Challenger, NASA revealed that it had been launching shuttles without backup seals to connect the joints of the rockets, confident that the primary seal would always hold.

25 years ago
1991


World events
China announced that an entrepreneur and a political organizer little-known outside China had each been sentenced to 13 years in prison for counter-revolutionary activities associated with the pro-democracy demonstrations of June 1989.

Economics and finance
U.S. President George Bush’s Council of Economic Advisers predicted that the recession would end soon. Their report attributed the recession to the jump in oil prices after the August 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq, a credit crunch, and a decline in consumer confidence, and called on the Federal Reserve Board to increase the money supply.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Jesus to a Child--George Michael (5th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Time--Hootie & the Blowfish
2 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men
3 Missing--Everything But the Girl
4 One of Us--Joan Osborne
5 Wildest Dreams--Tom Cochrane
6 Better Off as We Are--Blue Rodeo
7 Name--Goo Goo Dolls
8 Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston
9 You'll See--Madonna
10 Beautiful Life--Ace of Base

Singles entering the chart were Love Won't Find Us Here by Mae Moore (#82); Follow You Down by Gin Blossoms (#86); The River by the Rankin Family (#91); Taffy by Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories (#93); and Street Fighting Man by the Rolling Stones (#94). Street Fighting Man was a live recording of a song that had been a hit single for the Rolling Stones in 1968.

10 years ago
2006


Olympics
Cindy Klassen of Canada won the bronze medal in the women's 3000-metre speed skating event in the Winter Olympics at Turin, Italy.

Football
NFL
Pro Bowl @ Aloha Stadium, Honolulu
NFC 23 AFC 17

Neil Rackers of the Arizona Cardinals kicked field goals of 22 and 20 yards in the last 6 1/2 minutes of the game to give the National Football Conference their win over the American Football Conference before 50,190 fans. Mr. Rackers finished with 3 field goals and converts on touchdowns by Alge Crumpler of the Atlanta Falcons and Derrick Brooks of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Mr. Crumpler scored on a 14-yard pass from Atlanta teammate Michael Vick with 8 seconds remaining in teh 2nd quarter, while Mr. Brooks returned an interception 59 yards for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter. Chris Chambers of the Miami Dolphins opened the scoring in the 1st quarter with a 16-yard touchdown reception from Peyton Manning of the Indianapolis Colts. Trent Green of the Kansas City Chiefs scored the other AFC TD on a 1-yard quarterback sneak early in the 4th quarter. Shayne Graham of the Cincinnati Bengals converted both AFC touchdowns and added a 31-yard field goal. Mr. Brooks was named the game's most valuable player.

Wednesday, February 10, 2016

February 11, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Maria Nastas!

160 years ago
1856


Britannica
The Kingdom of Awadh (in the present-day Indian state of Uttar Pradesh) was annexed by the British East India Company, and Wajid Ali Shah, the Nawab (king) of Awadh, was imprisoned and later exiled to Calcutta.

100 years ago
1916


Society
U.S. anarchist Emma Goldman was arrested in New York City for violating the Comstock Act, just before she was to deliver a lecture promoting family planning.

75 years ago
1941


Defense
1940 Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie, who had just returned from a visit to the United Kingdom, testified before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee in favour of the Lend-Lease bill, predicting war if Britain fell.

Politics and government
The Vichy French regime published a constitutional act announcing the appointment of Admiral Darlan as next in line of succession to Marshal Philippe Petain as chief of state.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted to extend the Committee on Un-American Activities' probing for 15 months.

The United States Secret Service began fingerprinting and photographing reporters and other people who regularly visited the White House.

Economics and finance
The Paraguayan government took control of the foreign exchange held in the Bank of the Republic.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor executive council denounced all anti-strike legislation now before the United States Congress.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Symphony--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)
--Bing Crosby
--Jo Stafford
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
2 Let it Snow! Let it Snow! Let it Snow!--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
3 I Can't Begin to Tell You--Bing Crosby with Carmen Cavallaro
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Andy Russell
4 It Might as Well Be Spring--Dick Haymes
--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with Margaret Whiting
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
5 Doctor, Lawyer, Indian Chief--Betty Hutton
6 Dig You Later (A Hubba-Hubba-Hubba)--Perry Como and the Satisfyers
7 I'm Always Chasing Rainbows--Perry Como
--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
8 Personality--Johnny Mercer
9 Waitin' for the Train to Come In--Peggy Lee
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Johnny Long and his Orchestra and Dick Robertson
10 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra

The only single entering the chart was Day by Day by Frank Sinatra (#13); it was the other side of Oh! What it Seemed to Be, charting at #17 with the version by Frankie Carle and his Orchestra.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Guileless Gypsy

Abominations
The New Testament of the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, the first serious challenge to the popularity of the King James Version, was published. The copyright was held by the International Council of Religious Education, which merged with the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America in 1950 to form the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA.

War
Japanese Army Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma was convicted in Manila by a U.S. military tribunal of ordering the "Bataan death march," and was sentenced to death. The United Nations Security Council unanimously defeated Ururguay's proposal that Nazi war criminals convicted at their trial in Nuremberg not be sentenced to death. Testifying at Nuremberg, General Friedrich von Paulus, the German commander at Stalingrad, charged Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering, Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel, and Generaloberst Alfred Jodl with planning the attack on Russia. U.S. combat engineers and intelligence officers recovered the complete records of the German occupation of Czecholslovakia.

Defense
The smallest French military force in recent history, with an army of only 400,000 men, was agreed on by the country's military leaders.

U.S. Navy Captain R.H. Lavender disclosed that the U.S. government had a patent on the atomic bomb filed in a special safe in the U.S. Patent Office.

Diplomacy
At the United Nations Security Council, the U.S. led successful opposition to a Soviet proposal for an international investigation into the issue of British troops in the Netherlands East Indies.

The U.S.A. and U.K. published the secret text of the 1945 Yalta agreement.

The Arab Higher Committee decided to allow Palestinian Arabs to appear before the Palestine inquiry hearings in Jerusalem.

Transportation
An Anglo-American air travel treaty was signed in Bermuda for cooperation in the development of international airlines.

Economics and finance
The Allied Control Council in Berlin enacted a 1946 tax program for Germany designed to raise 15-20 billion marks.

The United States Commerce Department reported that 1945 income payments to individuals had hit an unprecedented high of $160.7 billion.

Labour
Tugboat operators in New York City voted to continue their strike, virtually shutting the city down. With fuel supplies low, Mayor Bill O'Dwyer ordered the closing of most schools and places of business.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that newspapers were engaged in interstate commerce and were thus subject to the Wage-Hour Law.

The American Federation of Labor Building and Construction Trades Council signed a five-year contract in New York, stabilizing wages for at least 1 1/2 years.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Yellow Rose of Texas--Mitch Miller, his Orchestra and Chorus (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Eventuell, eventuell--Peter Alexander & Caterina Valente

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford (5th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin (Best Seller--5th week at #1; Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Jukebox--3rd week at #1; Top 100--5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Great Pretender--The Platters (2nd week at #1)
2 Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin
3 Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr
4 Lisbon Antigua--Nelson Riddle and his Orchestra
5 Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford
6 See You Later, Alligator--Bill Haley and his Comets
7 Band of Gold--Don Cherry
8 No, Not Much!--The Four Lads
9 It's Almost Tomorrow--The Dream Weavers
--Jo Stafford
10 Dungaree Doll--Eddie Fisher

Singles entering the chart were Rock Around Mother Goose by Barry Gordon (#31); Little Child, with versions by Eddie Albert and Sondra Lee, Lael and Cab Calloway, and Gisele MacKenzie and Billy Quinn (#33); Ask Me (#38)/Nothing Ever Changes My Love for You (#40) by Nat "King" Cole; April in Paris by Count Basie and his Orchestra (#43); and Lovely Lies by the Manhattan Brothers and Miriam Makeba (#45).

On television tonight
Stage Show, hosted by Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey, on CBS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stage_Show_(TV_series)
Elvis Presley was the guest on this night's program, making his third appearance on the show in as many weeks. The program was produced by Jackie Gleason, and aired immediately prior to The Honeymooners.

The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Young at Heart



World events
British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean, who had vanished in mysterious circumstances five years earlier, re-appeared in the U.S.S.R.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 My Love--Petula Clark (2nd week at #1)
2 Barbara Ann--The Beach Boys
3 Day Tripper/We Can Work it Out--The Beatles
4 Just Like Me--Paul Revere and the Raiders
5 A Well Respected Man--The Kinks
6 Tijuana Taxi/Zorba the Greek--Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass
7 These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra
8 The Sounds of Silence--Simon & Garfunkel
9 Michelle--David & Jonathan
10 Spanish Eyes--Al Martino
Pick hit of the week: This Golden Ring--The Fortunes
New this week: Superman--Dino, Desi and Billy
Batman Theme--Neal Hefti
Promise Her Anything--Tom Jones
Woman--Peter and Gordon
My Darlin' Hildegarde--The Statler Brothers

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Lee J. Cobb, 64
. U.S. actor. Mr. Cobb, born Leo Jacoby, was known for his starring role in the original Broadway production of Death of a Salesman (1949) and his supporting roles in movies such as On the Waterfront (1954); 12 Angry Men (1957); Our Man Flint (1966); and In Like Flint (1967).

Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro formed a minority Christian Democratic cabinet--his fifth and Italy's 33rd since World War II.

Olympics
John Curry became the first British figure skater to win a gold medal in the Winter Olympic Games when he won the men's competition in Innsbruck, Austria. It was the United Kingdom's first medal at the Winter Olympics in 12 years.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Frank Herbert, 65
. U.S. author. Mr. Herbert was known for his science fiction novel Dune (1965) and various sequels.

Diplomacy
Anatoli Shcharansky, who had been in prison for eight years after being convicted of espionage, was one of four Soviet dissidents released by the U.S.S.R. and East Germany in exchange for five convicted of espionage who were released by the U.S.A. and West Germany. Mr. Shcharansky flew to Israel to be reunited with is wife Avital, from whom he had been separated for 12 years.

War
Iran captured Fao, once the site of Iraq’s biggest oil export terminal. Although it was no longer being used for this purpose, Fao lay within sight of Kuwait.

Disasters
Former NASA budget analyst Richard Cook, testifying before U.S. President Ronald Reagan’s commission into the January 28 space shuttle Challenger explosion, talked about a memo he had written in July 1985 warning that "the charring of seals" from recent shuttle flights presented "a potentially major problem." Lawrence Mulloy, NASA’s project manager for the booster rockets, testified that in no previous instance had both the primary and the backup seals failed.

25 years ago
1991


Defense
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev notified the Warsaw Pact that the military side of the alliance would disband on April 1. Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria had already indicated that they would withdraw from the alliance if it did not disband.

War
Allied officials reported that 39 Iraqi planes had been shot down and that 142 had now flown to Iran.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (9th week at #1)

Died on this date
Kebby Musokotwane, 49
. Prime Minister of Zambia, 1985-1989. Mr. Musokotwane was a member of the United National Independence Party and a close ally of former President Kenneth Kaunda, and replaced Mr. Kaunda as president of the UNIP in 1992.

Terrorism
17 people were killed and 90 wounded when two car bombs exploded in Algeria.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Peter Benchley, 65
. U.S. author. Mr. Benchley, the grandson of humourist Robert Benchley, was best known for his novel Jaws (1974), which was made into a popular movie in 1975.

Jockey Shabalala, 62. S.A. singer. Mr. Shabalala was a member of the choral group Ladysmith Black Mambazo from 1974-2005, when he retired because of declining health.

Politics and government
Rodney MacDonald elected leader of the Nova Scotia Progressive Conservative Party in Halifax.

Olympics
Jennifer Heil won the women's mogul event at the Winter Olympic Games in Turin, becomin the first Canadian to win a gold medal in freestyle skiing.

Tuesday, February 9, 2016

February 10, 2016

175 years ago
1841


Politics and government
The Act of Union of Upper Canada and Lower Canada, passed at Westminster on July 23, 1840, came into effect, uniting Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada, a legislative union with 84 members divided equally between Canada East and Canada West. Kingston was to be the capital, and Charles Poulett Thomson, Lord Sydenham was appointed the first Governor-General of the United Province of Canada.

170 years ago
1846


War
British East India Company forces defeated Sikhs in the Battle of Sobraon, the final battle of the First Anglo-Sikh War.

Religion
Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints – the Mormons – began an exodus west from Illinois.

110 years ago
1906


Died on this date
E. B. Eddy, 78
. U.S.-born Canadian businessman and politician. Ezra Butler Eddy began manufacturing matches in Burlington, Vermont in 1851 before moving to Hull, Quebec three years later. He founded the E.B. Eddy Company in 1886. Mr. Eddy served as mayor of Hull for 13 years and represented Ottawa as a Conservative member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec from 1871-1875.

Defense
HMS Dreadnought, the first of a revolutionary new breed of battleships, was christened and launched at Portsmouth, England by King Edward VII.

100 years ago
1916


Protest
An anti-German riot took place in Calgary.

80 years ago
1936


War
Italian troops launched the Battle of Amba Aradam against Ethiopian defenders in the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Walter Krivitsky, 41
. U.S.S.R. spy. General Krivitsky, born Samuel Ginsburg, spied for the Soviet Union for about 20 years before defecting to the West in 1937 after Soviet dictator Josef Stalin began a purge of the General Staff of the Red Army. Gen. Krivitsky revealed information about Soviet espionage to the British and American governments, and became convinced that he was being targeted for assassination by the Soviet secret police force NKVD. Gen. Krivitsky was found dead in his room at the Bellevue Hotel in Washington, with a bullet in his head, and three suicide notes next to his body. The official verdict was suicide.

Movies
Paramount Pictures purchased the screen rights to the Broadway play Lady in the Dark for the record price of $283,000.

War
British colonial forces crossed the Kenyan border into Italian Somaliland, while Royal Air Force bombers left Singapore for bases in northern Malaya.

The United Kingdom announced that it had broken diplomatic relations with Romania because Romania's territory was being used by Germany as a military base.

Diplomacy
The United States Senate confirmed John G. Winant as U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom.

Scandal
U.S. Senator Harry Truman (Democrat--Missouri) demanded a Senate probe of irregularities in the awarding of defense contracts.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives passed by voice vote and sent to the Senate the Public Debt Act of 1941, raising the national debt to $65 billion.

The U.S. Treasury Department revealed that about $4.369 billion worth of foreign assets had been frozen in the United States since April 1940.

70 years ago
1946


Politics and government
The Soviet Communist Party won the first general elections held in Russia since 1937, facing opposition only in the recently annexed Baltic states.

Congressional elections in Costa Rica gave the government 11 seats, with Communists winning 2 and other opposition parties taking 10.

Dutch negotiators offered the right of self-determination within the Netherlands commonwealth to Netherlands East Indies nationalist leaders in Batavia.

Transportation
The British ocean liner Queen Mary docked in New York with 1,666 war brides and 668 children, the largest overwater movement of women and children in history.

Crime
Mafia leader Lucky Luciano was deported to Italy from the United States.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Transport Workers Union called a strike of 9,606 employees of the Philadelphia Transportation Company to gain a $2 daily wage increase.

Golf
Ben Hogan won the Texas Open in San Antonio, finishing ahead of Sam Byrd and Byron Nelson.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Emmanouil Tsouderos, 73
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1941; Prime Minister of the Greek government in exile, 1941-1944. Mr. Tsouderos served as Prime Minister from April 21-29, 1941 after the suicide of Alexandros Koryzis, and fled with King George II to Crete when Nazi forces invaded and occupied the country. Mr. Tsouderos led the government in exile in London and later in Cairo; he served in different capacities after World War II, and died in Italy.

Wilbert Coffin, 40. Canadian criminal. Mr. Coffin, a prospector from the Gaspé region of Quebec, was hanged at Bordeaux Prison in Montreal for the July 1953 murder of American tourist Eugene Lindsey and his son Richard, and Frederick Claar. Charges that Mr. Coffin had not received a fair trial because of concern over loss of American tourism led to a special reference to the Supreme Court of Canada, which upheld the conviction.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Michelle--The Overlanders (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Billy Rose, 66
. U.S. songwriter and impresario. Mr. Rose, born William Rosenberg, was known for writing lyrics to such songs as Me and My Shadow (1927) and It's Only a Paper Moon (1933), and for producing musical shows such as Jumbo (1935) and Carmen Jones (1943).

Diplomacy
U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey began a two-week peace mission to nine Asian countries.

40 years ago
1976


Terrorism
Bombs exploded throughout the commercial shopping district of Belfast on the first anniversary of a "cease-fire" between the provisional wing of the Irish Republican Army and the British Army.

Politics and government
W.J. Usery, Jr. was sworn in as United States Secretary of Labor in the administration of President Gerald Ford.

Economics and finance
Backward nations from Asia, Africa, and Latin America ended a two-week meeting in Manila of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. They called for international economic reforms.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): We Built This City--Starship (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Janey, Don't You Lose Heart--Bruce Springsteen

War
Iran launched a new offensive against Iraq.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Do the Bartman--The Simpsons (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Sadeness (Part I)--Enigma (9th week at #1)

War
Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein mad his first public broadcast in two weeks, calling on Iraqis to show patience and steadfastness. Iraqis faced severe water shortages, and most were without electricity.

World events
Results from the previous day’s non-binding plebiscite in Lithuania showed a vote of 90% in favour of independence from the Soviet Union. Lithuanian President Vytautas Landsbergis declared the vote "a victory against lying and intimidation," referring to the Kremlin’s attempts to stop the Baltic republics’ drive for independence.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Wonderwall--Oasis

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Knockin'--Double Vision (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (11th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (9th week at #1)
2 Missing--Everything But the Girl
3 One of Us--Joan Osborne
4 Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston
5 Hey Lover--LL Cool J
6 Name--Goo Goo Dolls
7 Nobody Knows--Tony Rich Project
8 Be My Lover--La Bouche
9 Tonite's Tha Night--Kris Kross
10 Anything--3T

Singles entering the chart were Ain't Nobody by Diana King (#58); Everyday and Everynight by Yvette Michele (#59); Keep Tryin' by Groove Theory (#61); Promises Broken by Soul Asylum (#67); Leflaur Leflah Eshkoshka by Heltah Skeltah & O.G.C. a.k.a. Fab 5 (#77); Celebration/Take Your Chance by Fun Factory (#87); and Take a Look by J'Son (#89).

Diplomacy
The government of Zaire announced plans to encourage one million Rwandan refugees to leave the 42 camps in Zaire and return home.

Chess
The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeated world champion Garry Kasparov for the first time, winning the first game of their six-game match in Philadelphia.

February 9, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Heather Blacklock!

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Ronald Colman
. U.K.-born U.S. actor. Mr. Colman was a popular leading man in films such as Bulldog Drummond (1929); A Tale of Two Cities (1935); Lost Horizon (1937); The Prisoner of Zenda (1937); and Random Harvest (1942). He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for A Double Life (1947). Mr. Colman died on May 19, 1958 at the age of 67.

Opera
The Canadian Pacific Railway opened its $200,000 Vancouver Opera House on Granville Street with the Emma Juch English Opera's performance of Lohengrin by Richard Wagner.

110 years ago
1906


Died on this date
Paul Laurence Dunbar, 33
. U.S. poet and author. Mr. Dunbar was the first American Negro poet to win wide acceptance; he wrote a dozen books of poetry, as well as novels and short stories. Mr. Dunbar died of tuberculosis.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Tex Hughson
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Cecil Carlton Hughson, a native of Kyle, Texas, played with the Boston Red Sox from 1941-1944 and 1946-1949, compiling a record of 96-54 with an earned run average of 2.94 in 225 games before arm and shoulder injuries shortened his career. His best season was 1942, when he was 22-6, leading the American League in wins; strikeouts (113); complete games (22); and innings pitched (281). He was 20-11 in 1946 as he helped the Red Sox win the AL pennant. Mr. Hughson died on August 6, 1993 at the age of 77.

75 years ago
1941


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 5

Literature
The Book of the Month Club critics' poll selected the novel For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway as the outstanding book of 1940.

War
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill said in a broadcast from London that the United Kingdom didn't need American armies: "Give us the tools, and we will finish the job." The Canadian Army converted the Vancouver-based Fifth Canadian Motorcycle Regiment, CASF, redesignating it as the British Columbia Dragoons. The American Youth Congress denounced the European war as an "imperialist exploitation of the masses."

Politics and government
The Vichy French regime appointed Admiral Jean Darian as Vice-Premier and Foreign Minister.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Symphony--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)

Defense
Speaking at a Communist Party conference, Soviet dictator Josef Stalin predicted a future conflict with the West, and announced a new five-year plan to put the U.S.S.R. on a war footing.

Diplomacy
Argentine presidential candidate Juan Peron released a 4,000-word document calling for closer relations with the United States, and invited U.S. capital investments in Argentina.

Politics and government
The Japanese cabinet, acting on orders from Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur, barred nearly nine-tenths of the current Diet members from the March 31, 1946 elections.

Space
Astronomers at Yerkes Observartory in Wisconsin announced that they had observed the explosion of a nova at the western edge of Corona Borealis, trillions of miles from Earth.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Union of Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers settled with General Motors for an 18 1/2c hourly wage increase.

Religion
Dr. Ludwig Schoop announced that 72 scholars under his direction were preparing a 72-volume edition of the writings of the Roman Catholic Church fathers.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): L'Homme et l'Enfant--Eddie & Tania Constantine (10th week at #1)

50 years ago
1966


Died on this date
Sophie Tucker, 79
. Ukrainian-born U.S. singer. Miss Tucker, the "Last of the Red Hot Mamas", born Sonya Kalish, was popular in vaudeville, recordings, radio, and television in a career that spanned more than 60 years.

Energy
British Minister for Technology Frank Cousins announcemed in Parliament that a Protype Fast Reactor would be built at the Dounreay power station in a remote part of Scotland.

Hockey
NHL
The National Hockey League announced that it was doubling in size with a new West Division and six new teams: the California Seals; Los Angeles Kings; Minnesota North Stars; Philadelphia Flyers; Pittsburgh Penguins; and St. Louis Blues. The original teams - Toronto, Montréal, New York, Detroit, Chicago and Boston - would make up East Division. The expansion was to take effect for the 1967-1968 season.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Jump in My Car--Ted Mulry Gang (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oyoge! Taiyaki-kun--Masato Shimon (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Amor, amor--Lolita (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I'm on Fire--5000 Volts (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Percy Faith, 67
. Canadian-born U.S. orchestra conductor, arranger, and composer. Mr. Faith, a native of Toronto, helped to popularize "easy listening" music with hit singles such as Delicado (1952); Song from Moulin Rouge (1953); and The Theme from "A Summer Place" (1960), the latter of which won a Grammy Award as Record of the Year. He arranged recordings for singers such as Guy Mitchell and Johnny Mathis, and composed and adapted scores for films such as Love Me or Leave Me (1955).

30 years ago
1986


Space
Halley's Comet last appeared in the inner Solar System.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I Touch Myself--Divinyls (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Aihakatsu--KAN (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Knockin' Boots--Candyman

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): 3 a.m. Eternal--The KLF featuring the Children of The Revolution (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams
2 The First Time--Surface
3 Sensitivity--Ralph Tresvant
4 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
5 Play That Funky Music--Vanilla Ice
6 Love Will Never Do (Without You)--Janet Jackson
7 Where Does My Heart Beat Now--Celine Dion
8 Disappear--INXS
9 After the Rain--Nelson
10 Just Another Dream--Cathy Dennis

Singles entering the chart were I’ve Been Thinking About You by Londonbeat (#76) Just the Way it is, Baby by the Rembrandts (#78); Easy Come Easy Go by Winger (#79); You're in Love by Wilson Phillips (#80); and Iesha by Another Bad Creation (#83).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Love Will Never Do (Without You)--Janet Jackson
2 Disappear--INXS
3 Til I Am Myself Again--Blue Rodeo
4 You Gotta Love Someone--Elton John
5 Justify My Love--Madonna
6 After the Rain--Nelson
7 I’m Not in Love--Will to Power
8 Wicked Game--Chris Isaak
9 Show Me the Way--Styx
10 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston

Singles entering the chart were Who Said I Would by Phil Collins (#68); Inside Out by the Traveling Wilburys (#69); My Side of the Bed by Susanna Hoffs (#77); Willy by Astley Cleveland (#78); Never Gonna Change My Mind by Acosta Russell (#84); Rocket O’Love by the Knack (#88); Tomorrow Wendy by Concrete Blonde (#93); Fallen Angel by Zahalan (#94); Give Peace a Chance by Sean Lennon (#95); Night and Day by Bette Midler (#97); and Let Go by Andy Curran (#98).

Died on this date
James Cleveland, 59
. U.S. singer. Rev. Cleveland was known as the "King of Gospel Music" during a career in which he won four Grammy Awards.

World events
In a non-binding plebiscite, Lithuanians voted overwhelmingly in favour of secession from the Soviet Union. Lithuania was the first of the Baltic republics to hold such a vote. In an attempt to avoid antagonizing the Kremlin, Lithuania’s leaders called the vote an unofficial "public opinion poll" on Lithuania’s March 1990 declaration of independence. Nearly 85% of eligible voters to answer the only question on the ballot: "Do you want a democratic, independent Lithuania?" The results, released the next day, showed approximately 90% of the votes in favour of independence.

Politics and government
Donald Cameron defeated Roland Thornhill by 143 votes on the third ballot to become leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Nova Scotia. He took office as Premier of Nova Scotia on February 26, 1991, replacing interim Premier Roger Bacon, who had replaced the retired John Buchanan.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Missing (Todd Terry Remix)--Everything But the Girl (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (3rd week at #1)

Terrorism
The Provisional Irish Republican Army declared the end to its 18-month cease-fire and exploded a large bomb in London's Canary Wharf.

Diplomacy
South Korea and Japan renewed their dispute over two islets in the Sea of Japan that were believed to have rich mineral resources and fishing grounds.

Protest
The government of Guinea reasserted control over the armed forces, a week after the beginning of a mutiny by soldiers who were demanding better pay and working conditions.

Track and field
Donovan Bailey of Canada set a world record for the men's 50-metre dash with a time of 5.56 seconds at the Reno Air Games in Reno, Nevada. The old record of 5.61 was set by Manfred Kokot of East Germany in 1973 and was tied by James Sanford of the United States in 1981.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Freddie Laker, 83
. U.K. airline executive. Sir Freddie founded the pioneering "no-frills" airline Laker Airways in 1966; the airline went bankrupt in 1982.

Monday, February 8, 2016

February 8, 2016

160 years ago
1856


Society
Barbu Dimitrie Stirbei abolished slavery in Wallachia (now part of Romania).

80 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Red Headed League

Died on this date
Charles Curtis, 76
. 31st Vice President of the United States, 1929-1933. Mr. Curtis, a Republican, was partly of Kaw Indian ancestry, and grew up on a reservation in Kansas. He represented his state in the United States House of Representatives from 1893-1907 and in the Senate from 1907-1913 and 1915-1929, when he took office as Vice President under President Herbert Hoover. Mr. Curtis was Mr. Hoover's running mate again in 1932, but the administration was unpopular because of its perceived inability to deal with the Depression, and the ticket was soundly defeated. Mr. Curtis then retired from politics and practiced law until his death from a heart attack.

Football
NFL
The National Football League held its first draft of college players. Jay Berwanger of the University of Chicago, winner of the 1935 Downtown Athletic Trophy--soon to be renamed the Heisman Trophy--as the nation’s outstanding college player, was the first player selected, by the Philadelphia Eagles. The other Pennsylvania team, the Pittsburgh Pirates, took as their first selection a back named William Shakespeare.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Frenesi--Artie Shaw and His Orchestra (8th week at #1)

War
German and Bulgarian general staffs reached a secret agreement for permitting passage of German troops to attack Greece. The Greek government asked for British aid in the case of attack by German forces.

Defense
The United States House of Representatives passed the Lend-Lease bill by a vote of 260-165 after rejecting 13 additional amendments. A Gallup Poll reported that 54% of American voters questioned in a recent survey supported the Lend-Lease bill, with 22% opposed.

U.S. National Education Association President Dr. Donald DuShane proposed formation of a teachers' defense commission to prevent threatened attacks on public schools.

Diplomacy
Malcolm MacDonald was appointed British High Commissioner to Canada.

Harry Hopkins, personal representative of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, had his last meeting with Mr. Churchill at Chequers, the private prime ministerial retreat.

Politics and government
The French government reported that former Prime Minister Pierre Laval had rejected Prime Minister Marshal Philippe Petain's offer to be readmitted to the Vichy cabinet as a minister of state; Mr. Laval reportedly demanded the prime ministership with a cabinet of his own choosing.

Economics and finance
Brzilian President Getulio Vargas decreed that export permits would be required for Brazilian raw materials, chemical products, machinery, and tools to all countries outside the Americas.

Labour
The U.S. National Labor Relations Board ordered International Harvester Company to abolish complany-dominated unions in its six Midwestern plants.

70 years ago
1946


War
At the trial in Nuremberg of accused Nazi war criminals, Lieutenant General Roman Rudenko opened the Soviet prosecution against the 21 defendants by reading a 79-page document recounting German atrocities. U.S. President Harry Truman rejected the clemency appeal of convicted Japanese war criminal General Tomoyuki Yamashita. A joint U.S. Army-Navy report revealed that the bomb-carrying balloons released by Japan in World War II had cost about $18 million and caused 6 deaths in Oregon and a few small forest fires.

Diplomacy
In a meeting of the United Nations Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Commission, former U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt successfully opposed a Soviet proposal to restrict aid given to refugees who refused to return to their homelands.

Adolf Berle resigned as U.S. Ambassador to Brazil.

Technology
U.S. government scientists disclosed a process of "printing" wiring circuits on a ceramic plate, making possible the production of miniature radios and other electronic equipment.

Economics and finance
After its European tour, the United States House of Representatives committee headed by Rep. William Colmer (Democrat--Mississippi) reported that the U.S.S.R. had drawn Poland, the Baltic republics, and the Balkan states into its economic and political orbit to the point where trade with them was practically impossible.

U.S. President Truman asked for prompt congressional action on a two-year emergency housing plan calling for 2.7 million new homes.

Labour
The month-long strike of New York City communications workers against Western Union ended with an agreement to submit the wage dispute to arbitration.

60 years ago
1956


Died on this date
Connie Mack, 93
. U.S. baseball player, manager, and executive. Mr. Mack, whose real name was Cornelius McGillicuddy, was a catcher with the Washington Nationals (1886-1889); Buffalo Bisons (1890) and Pittsburgh Pirates (1891-1896), batting .244 with 5 home runs and 265 runs batted in in 724 games. He managed the Pirates from 1894-1896, and then managed the Milwaukee Brewers of the minor Western League, which became the American League in 1900. When the AL became a major league in 1901, Mr. Mack joined the Philadelphia Athletics, where he served as manager from 1901-1950 and eventually became the team's owner. He compiled a major league managerial record of 3731-3948 (.486), winning American League pennants in 1902; 1905; 1910-1911; 1913-1914; and 1929-1931 and World Series in 1910-1911; 1913; and 1929-1930. Mr. Mack was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937. He sold the Athletics after the 1954 season to Arnold Johnson, who promptly moved the team to Kansas City.

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Shadow of the Swan, with guest stars Joanna Pettet, Andrew Duggan, and David Sheiner

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson and South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky concluded their two-day conference in Honolulu, outlining American and South Vietnamese political and military policies, as well as social and economic programs.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Diamond--Via Verdi

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Nikita--Elton John (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): A Good Heart--Feargal Sharkey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Only Love--Nana Mouskouri

#1 single in the U.K.: The Sun Always Shines on T.V.--A-Ha (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): That’s What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder) (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That’s What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder) (3rd week at #1)
2 Burning Heart--Survivor
3 I’m Your Man--Wham!
4 Talk to Me--Stevie Nicks
5 When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean
6 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
7 My Hometown--Bruce Springsteen
8 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
9 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
10 Spies Like Us--Paul McCartney

Singles entering the chart were Rock Me Amadeus by Falcon (#76); Tender Love by Force M.D.’s (#79); Addicted to Love by Robert Palmer (#83); Life's What You Make It by Talk Talk (#88); Lying by Peter Frampton (#89); and Jimmy Mack by Sheena Easton (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Miss You--Klymaxx
2 That’s What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder)
3 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
4 Party All the Time--Eddie Murphy
5 When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean
6 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
7 I’m Your Man--Wham!
8 Conga--Miami Sound Machine
9 Tarzan Boy--Baltimora
10 Talk to Me--Stevie Nicks

Singles entering the chart were Eurasian Eyes by Corey Hart (#78); Don’t Forget Me When I’m Gone by Glass Tiger (#82); Another Night by Aretha Franklin (#90); Night Moves by Marilyn Martin (#94); A Good Heart by Feargal Sharkey (#95); Vienna Calling by Falco (#97); and The Power of Love by Jennifer Rush (#98).

Died on this date
Diane Elsroth
. U.S. crime victim. Ms. Elsroth, a resident of Peekskill, New York, died after taking a Tylenol capsule that contained potassium cyanide. The bottle containing the deadly capsule had been purchased at an A&P supermarket in Bronxville, New York. Ms. Elsroth's death was reminiscent of the deaths of seven people in 1982 from the same cause; those murders have never been solved. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration seized thousands of packages of Tylenol capsules in the Bronxville area.

Disasters
In Alberta’s worst train crash, 23 people were killed and 95 injured in a collision between a Via Rail Supercontinental passenger train and a Canadian National Railways freight train near Hinton. The freight train passed warning lights and a stop light before jumping a closed switch into the path of the oncoming passenger train.

Hockey
NHL
Washington 5 Edmonton 4 (OT)
St. Louis 2 @ Toronto 3 (OT)

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Beinhart--Torfrock (3rd week at #1)

War
U.S. Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney and General Colin Powell, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, arrived in Saudi Arabia to review the progress of the war against Iraq.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Spaceman-- Babylon Zoo (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Del Ennis, 70
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Ennis played right field and left field with the Philadelphia Phillies (1946-1956); St. Louis Cardinals (1957-1958); Cincinnati Reds (1959); and Chicago White Sox (1959), batting .284 with 288 home runs and 1,284 runs batted in in 1,903 games. He led the National League in runs batted in with 126 in 1950, when he played right field for the Phillies' "Whiz Kids" team that won the NL pennant.

Communications
In a ceremony at the Library of Congress, U.S. President Bill Clinton signed legislation revamping the telecommunications industry, saying it would "bring the future to our doorstep."

Business
The American bookstore chain Borders announced that it would invest in a chain of bookstores in Canada; The Canadian government's Investment Review Division blocked the plan in May 2006 under the cultural exemption of the North American Free Trade Agreement.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Elton Dean, 60
. U.K. musician. Mr. Dean was a saxophonist and occasional keyboard player who was a member of the bands Bluesology (1966-1967); Keith Tippett Sextet (1968-1970); Soft Machine (1969-1972); and Ninesense (1975-1978). The pianist with Bluesology, Reg Dwight, took Mr. Dean's first name and the first name of bandleader Long John Baldry, and became known as Elton John. Mr. Dean died after several years with heart and liver problems.

Sunday, February 7, 2016

February 7, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherri Pierce and Meisy!

160 years ago
1856


Politics and government
The colonial Tasmanian Parliament passed the Electoral Act of 1856--the second piece of legislation anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot.

125 years ago
1891


Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald declared "A British Subject I was born, a British subject I will die" during his final speech in the House of Commons, before entering his last federal election campaign.

90 years ago
1926


Americana
Carter G. Woodson founded Negro History Week, which later evolved into Black History Month.

Economics and finance
A gold rush began at Red Bank, Ontario.

75 years ago
1941


War
French Army General Maxime Weygand announced that he would not allow German troops to land in Bizerte, Tunisia.

A peace conference between Thailand and French Indochina opened in Tokyo.

Defense
Chile and Peru signed a pact in Lima providing for joint defense of their Pacific coastline.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted down six amendments to the Lend-Lease bill that would preclude the U.S.S.R. from receiving any aid from the United States.

Society
Helen Keller announced her resignation as honourary national chairman of the American Rescue Ship Mission for Spanish refugees, which had been denounced as Communist-dominated.

Journalism
Brazilian President Getulio Vargas suppressed all foreign-language publications, granting them six months to change to the Portuguese language.

70 years ago
1946


War
At the trial of accused Nazi war criminals in Nuremberg, the British prosecution declared that Rudolf Hess had organized German fifth columns throughout the world. The U.S. War Department ordered a stay of execution for convicted Japanese war criminal General Tomoyuki Yamashita, pending U.S. President Harry Truman's action on his clemency appeal. U.S. Secretary of War Philip Mason revealed that about 6,000 pro-Japanese members of the Indian National Army were imprisoned in India, and 2,000 more elsewhere in Asia.

Diplomacy
At a meeting of the United Nations Security Council, Ukrainian delegate Dmitri Manuilsky charged that British troops in the Netherlands East Indies were suppressing legitimate nationalist aspirations, in violation of the UN charter.

The Mexican Foreign Ministry opened negotiations with the United Kingdom and the Netherlands to settle payments for oil lands expropriated in 1938.

World events
After an eight-year exile, Jamal el Husseini, leader of the Palestine Arab Party, returned to Jerusalem.

Radio
Claude Bourdet was dismissed as French National Radio Director for permitting a broadcast on February 4 that had caused widespread panic through a realistic description of the world's atomic destruction.

Economics and finance
William McChesney Martin succeeded Wayne C. Taylor as president of the U.S. Export-Import Bank.

Labour
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate the Case strike-control bill, calling for arbitration, cooling-off periods, penalties for boycotts and jurisdictional strikes, and court action for breach of contract and violent picketing.

A U.S. government fact-finding board investigating the meat industry dispute recommended a 16c hourly wage increase for workers, to be met largely through price increases or government subsidies.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Capri c'est fini--Hervé Vilard

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Old Man Trouble--Doc Carroll and the Royal Blues

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 As Tears Go By--The Rolling Stones
2 Barbara Ann--The Beach Boys
3 Under Your Spell Again--Johnny Rivers
4 My Love--Petula Clark
5 Crying Time--Ray Charles
6 Attack--The Toys
7 Tell Me Why--Elvis Presley
8 Walk on By--Bobby Kris
9 My Generation--The Who
10 Lightnin' Strikes--Lou Christie

Singles entering the chart were Long Live Our Love by the Shangri-Las (#35); What Now My Love by Sonny & Cher (#36); At the Scene by the Dave Clark Five (#37); Bad Reputation by the James Boys (#38); I Fought the Law by the Bobby Fuller Four (#39); and You Baby by the Turtles (#40).

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson and South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky began a two-day conference in Honolulu, outlining American and South Vietnamese political and military policies, as well as social and economic programs.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): La tartaruga-- Bruno Lauzi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Willempie--André van Duin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Mamma Mia--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover--Paul Simon

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover--Paul Simon
2 Convoy--C.W. McCall
3 I Write the Songs--Barry Manilow
4 You Sexy Thing--Hot Chocolate
5 Love to Love You Baby--Donna Summer
6 Love Rollercoaster--Ohio Players
7 Sing a Song--Earth, Wind & Fire
8 Breaking Up is Hard to Do--Neil Sedaka
9 Love Machine (Part 1)--The Miracles
10 Evil Woman--Electric Light Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Money Honey by the Bay City Rollers (#58); Banapple Gas by Cat Stevens (#70); Cupid by Tony Orlando and Dawn (#77); You'll Lose a Good Thing by Freddy Fender (#79); In France They Kiss on Main Street by Joni Mitchell (#82); Keep Holding On by the Temptations (#89); The Jam by Graham Central Station (#91); Love Fire by Jigsaw (#93); Scotch on the Rocks by Band of the Black Watch (#95); Let Your Love Flow by the Bellamy Brothers (#96); January by Pilot (#97); and Highfly by John Miles (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Convoy--C.W. McCall (3rd week at #1)
2 Fox on the Run--Sweet
3 Love Rollercoaster--Ohio Players
4 Do You Know Where You're Going To--Diana Ross
5 Breaking Up is Hard to Do--Neil Sedaka
6 Saturday Night--Bay City Rollers
7 I Write the Songs--Barry Manilow
8 Evil Woman--Electric Light Orchestra
9 Squeeze Box--The Who
10 Love Hurts--Nazareth

Singles entering the chart were Take it Like a Man by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#89); Y' Don't Fight the Sea by Terry Jacks (#92); The Call by Anne Murray (#95); Lady Lay by Sonora (#96); Feelin' Better by Hammersmith (#97); How High the Moon by Gloria Gaynor (#98); Close to You by B.T. Express (#99); and Can the Can by Suzi Quatro (#100).

Politics and government
Hua Kuo-feng, China's sixth-ranked deputy Premier, was named acting Premier to replace the recently-deceased Chou En-lai.

Hockey
NHL
Boston 4 @ Toronto 11

Darryl Sittler set a National Hockey League record for points in a game that still stands, scoring 10 points on 6 goals and 4 assists, to lead the Maple Leafs over the Bruins before 16,485 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens in the national Saturday night Hockey Night in Canada telecast on CBC (see video). Dave Reece played the entire game in goal for Boston; it was his 14th and last game in the NHL. The backup goalie for the Bruins that night was Gerry Cheevers, who had played for their Stanley Cup championship teams in 1969-70 and 1971-72, but had then jumped to the Cleveland Crusaders of the World Hockey Association. He left the Crusaders after a dispute with general manager Jack Vivian, and promptly rejoined the Bruins; this was his first game back with them. Gilles Gilbert was the regular starting goalie for the Bruins, and to mak room for Mr. Cheevers, Mr. Reece was sent down to the minors, and he never returned to the NHL.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Jeanny--Falco (5th week at #1)

World events
Haitian dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier fled the country for exile in France aboard a U.S. transport plane. He was accompanied by his wife, children, and 20 other relatives. Haiti’s armed forces chief of staff, Lieutenant General Henri Namphy, then formed a six-man National Council of Government, five of whose members had been associated with the Duvaliers. Opponents of the old regime tracked down and killed many members of Mr. Duvalier’s personal security force, the Volunteers for National Security, better known as the Tontons Macoute ("Bogeymen"), who were known for their human rights abuses.

Presidential election day in the Philippines was marred by at least 30 violent deaths and by reports of widespread vote fraud on the part of supporters of incumbent President Ferdinand Marcos. U.S. Senator Richard Lugar (Republican--Indiana) and Representative John Murtha (Democrat--Pennsylvania) led a delegation of 20 Americans who observed the election; many were critical of the conduct of the Marcos campaign.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the nation's unemployment rate had fallen to 6.6% in January, the lowest level since March 1980.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Do the Bartman--The Simpsons (3rd week at #1)

Terrorism
The provisional Irish Republican Army claimed responsibility for an apparent assassination attempt on British Prime Minister John Major and senior cabinet ministers. Three mortar shells were fired at Mr. Major’s official residence at 10 Downing Street in London as he was meeting with several cabinet members. The shells, fired from a van parked 200 metres from the building, all missed their target, with two overshooting without exploding, and the third exploding about 15 metres behind the residence. Though the glass in the bulletproof windows of the Cabinet Room was broken, no one was hurt. The meeting adjourned to an underground room.

War
In a televised speech, King Hussein of Jordan backed Iraq in the Gulf War, saying that the war was directed against all Arabs and Muslims.

Politics and government
Jean-Bertrand Aristide was sworn in as Haiti’s first democratically-elected President.

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Boris Tchaikovsky, 70
. U.S.S.R. composer. Mr. Tchaikovsky, who was unrelated to Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, wrote three symphonies and numerous orchestral, chamber, and vocal works, as well as film scores.

Politics and government
Rene Preval was sworn in as President of Haiti.

Former Ontario Premier Bob Rae announced that he was quitting politics and giving up his seat in the Provincial Parliament, saying it was time to focus on his family.

Saturday, February 6, 2016

February 6, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Bob Powless!

210 years ago
1806


War
British forces commanded by Vice-Admiral Sir John Thomas Duckworth defeated French forces commanded by Contre-Amiral Corentin Urbain Leissègues in the naval Battle of San Domingo in the Caribbean Sea.

80 years ago
1936


Olympics
The 4th Winter Olympic Games opened in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, with 28 nations and 755 competitors.

75 years ago
1941


War
British and Australian troops commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Archibald Wavell captured Benghazi, Libya.

Defense
The Lorne Scots (Peel Dufferin and Halton Regiment) were founded as a unit of the Canadian Army in Brampton, Ontario.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted 148-141 for an amendment to the Lend-Lease bill giving Congress the power to repeal it by a simple majority vote.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated John G. Winant as U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom.

Japanese Ambassador to the United States Kichisaburō Nomura arrived in San Francisco.

The River Plate Conference ended in Monrevideo with the five participating Latin American nations agreeing on economic matters and signing 26 regional pacts.

Law
The government of Romania decreed a new criminal code which doubled prison terms for Communists, Jews, and non-Romanians.

Labour
U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox listed 127 strikes in defense industries during 1940, with 100 now settled.

Medicine
U.S. food and drug commissioner W.G. Campbell reported that there was no known substance which could be relied upon to cure colds.

70 years ago
1946


War
At the trial in Manila of accused Japanese war criminals, Japanese Army Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma admitted "moral" responsibility for the acts of his subordinates and for giving the order for the Bataan "death march."

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council closed the Greek issue after Soviet representative Andrey Vishinsky withdrew the U.S.S.R. charge that British troops in Greece were endangering world peace, and U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin withdrew his request that the Council acquit Britain of the accusation.

Britannica
Sarawak, a privately-owned dominion in northern Borneo rich in oil and other raw materials, was ceded to Britain by "White Rajah" sir Charles Brooke.

Law
The United Nations General Assembly and Security Council elected 15 jurists to serve on the new International Court of Justice.

Space
Reuters reported from Rome that astronomers at Castel Gandolfo Observatory had discovered a new comet twice as big as the Sun.

Economics and finance
All 18 nations attending a United Maritime Authority conference in London agreed on cooperative action to meet the shipping needs of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.

In putting into effect a food conservation program, U.S. President Harry Truman warned that the world faced a food crisis unprecedented in modern times.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Convoy--C.W. McCall

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Mamma Mia--ABBA

#1 single in Switzerland: Mamma Mia--ABBA

Died on this date
Vince Guaraldi, 47
. U.S. musician. Mr. Guaraldi, born Vincent Dellaglio, was a jazz pianist and composer from San Francisco. He was known for leading the Vince Guaraldi Trio as they achieved success with the recordings of the single Cast Your Fate to the Wind (1963); music from the film Black Orpheus; and the scores for the animated Peanuts television specials from 1965 until Mr. Guaraldi's death from a heart attack between sets during a gig at at Butterfield's Nightclub in Menlo Park, California.

Crime
American Indian Movement (AIM) activist Leonard Peltier, wanted in the United States for first degree murder in the shooting of two Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agents during a 1975 conflict on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota, was arrested at Smallboys Camp in Alberta. Although Mr. Peltier denied his guilt, he was sentenced to life in prison by an American court.

Scandal
In testimony before a United States Senate subcommittee, Lockheed Corporation president Carl Kotchian admitted that the company had paid out approximately $3 million in bribes to the office of Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka.

Australian postal and telecommunications minister Victor Garland resigned over bribery charges, which were later dismissed.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 30 (CHED)
1 That's What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder)
2 So Far Away--Dire Straits
3 Spies Like Us--Paul McCartney
4 Talk to Me--Stevie Nicks
5 Tarzan Boy--Baltimora
6 When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean
7 Live is Life--Opus
8 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
9 My Hometown--Bruce Springsteen
10 I'm Your Man--Wham!
11 Everything in My Heart--Corey Hart
12 Conga--Miami Sound Machine
13 It's Only Love--Bryan Adams and Tina Turner
14 Burning Heart--Survivor
15 Cosmetics--Gowan
16 The Sweetest Taboo--Sade
17 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
18 Go Home--Stevie Wonder
19 Life in a Northern Town--The Dream Academy
20 Sara--Starship
21 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
22 Take Me Home--Phil Collins
23 King for a Day--Thompson Twins
24 There was a Time--One to One
25 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
26 Living in America--James Brown
27 These Dreams--Heart
28 This Could Be the Night--Loverboy
29 The Sun Always Shines on TV--A-Ha
30 Silent Running--Mike + the Mechanics

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: Welcome to Winfield, starring Gerrit Graham; Quarantine, starring Scott Wilson

Died on this date
Dandy Nichols, 78
. U.K. actress. Miss Nichols, born Daisy Sander, was best known for her co-starring role as Else Garnett in the television comedy series Till Death Us Do Part (1966-1975).

Minoru Yamasaki, 73. U.S. architect. Mr. Yamasaki was best known for designing the World Trade Center.

Diplomacy
Haitian dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier met with the American and French ambassadors to lay the groundwork for his departure for France.

Disasters
At the first meeting of the commission investigating the January 28 explosion of the U.S. space shuttle Challenger that had killed 7 astronauts, NASA officials acknowledged that there had been concerns about cold weather at the time of the launch, including the possibility that water pipes used for support services would freeze. Judson Lovingood, deputy manager of the shuttle’s project office in Huntsville, Alabama said that a conference call had been arranged with Morton Thiokol Inc., manufacturer of some parts of the rocket. There was concern that the rubbery O-rings used to seal joints connecting the four segments of the rockets could crack or break in the cold. Mr. Lovingood said that Morton Thiokol recommended that the launch proceed. The temperature at Cape Canaveral, Florida was 24F early on January 28 and 38F at the time of the launch, 13 Fahrenheit degrees colder than any previous launch.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Sadeness (Part I)--Enigma (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Who’s Aunt Rose?

Died on this date
Danny Thomas, 79
. U.S. entertainer. Mr. Thomas, born Amos Kairouz, was a nightclub comedian and singer before he achieved success as an actor, most notably as the star of the television comedy series Make Room for Daddy (later retitled The Danny Thomas Show) (1953-1964).

Salvador Luria, 78. Italian-born U.S. microbiologist. Dr. Luria shared the 1969 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Max Delbrück and Alfred Hershey "for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses."

Space
Debris from the Soviet space station Salyut 7, which had been launched in 1982 and abandoned in 1986, re-entered Earth’s atmosphere. The 43-ton station had once held 6 cosmonauts. American experts said that the Soviets had intended to keep the station aloft, but unexpectedly high solar activity had increased atmospheric drag on the station, hastening its orbital decay. The Soviet government claimed there had never been any radioactive material aboard the station.

War
King Hussein of Jordan appeared to drop his stance of neutrality, asserting that nations allied against Iraq were attempting to put all Arabs "under direct foreign hegemony."

Protest
Students at Enver Hoxha University in Albania went on strike, calling for political and economic reforms and the ouster of some leading government officials.

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Guy Madison, 74
. U.S. actor. Mr. Madison, born Robert Moseley, was best known as the star of the radio (1951-1956) and television (1951-1958) series The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok.

Disasters
Birgenair Flight 301 crashed off the coast of the Dominican Republic, killing all 189 people aboard in the worst accident or incident involving a Boeing 757.

Floods in the Willamette Valley of Oregon caused over $500 million in property damage throughout the Pacific Northwest.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Pedro Gonzalez Gonzalez, 80
. U.S. actor. Mr. Gonzalez Gonzalez was a character actor who appeared in several movies starring John Wayne, including The High and the Mighty (1954) and Rio Bravo (1959).

Politics and government
Conservative Party leader Stephen Harper was sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada with his cabinet in a ceremony at Rideau Hall in Ottawa, ending more than 12 years of Liberal Party government.