Sunday, March 29, 2015

March 29, 2015

225 years ago
1790


Born on this date
John Tyler
. 10th President of the United States, 1841-1845. Mr. Tyler, a native of Charles City County, Virginia, was elected Vice-President of the United States in 1840 as the running mate to Whig party candidate William Henry Harrison. When Mr. Harrison died just one month after taking office in 1841, Mr. Tyler became the first vice-president to assume the presidency upon the death of the president. He stood against much of the Whig platform while president, which led to him being the first president to face impeachment proceedings, which were unsuccessful. Mr. Tyler's most notable accomplishments as president included two vetoes of legislation calling for a national banking act, and the annexation of Texas. When Virginia voted to secede from the union in 1861, Mr. Tyler was elected to the House of Representatives of the Confederate Congress, but took ill in Richmond and died on January 18, 1862 at the age of 71, shortly before the session of Congress began. Since he was a Confederate at the time of his death, he was the only U.S. President not to be officially mourned by the U.S. government.

150 years ago
1865


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Union forces under Major General Philip Sheridan moved to flank Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee as the Appomattox Campaign began.

120 years ago
1895


Society
A Canadian Royal Commission on the sale of liquor--appointed in 1892--concluded that restrictive laws did not decrease sales of liquor.

80 years ago
1935

Boxing

Joe Louis (17-0) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Natie Brown (28-17-7) at Olympia Stadium in Detroit.

75 years ago
1940


War
The German government issued a White Paper of 16 documents, allegedly captured in Warsaw, revealing American promises to prevent the fall of Poland to Germany.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles' trip to Europe had shown that peace prospects were scant at this time.

Economics and finance
New York District Attorney Thomas Dewey, speaking in Milwaukee, charged that President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal economic policies had prolonged the Depression.

Boxing
Joe Louis (42-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of Johnny Paychek (38-4-2) 41 seconds into the 2nd round at Madison Square Garden in New York.

70 years ago
1945


War
It was the last day of German V-1 flying bomb attacks on England. Soviet troops almost destroyed the German 4th Army, and reached the Austrian border at a point 52 miles south of Vienna. Allied forces drove to within 10 miles of Paderborn in an effort to isolate the Ruhr. U.S. troops in the Philippines landed on the east coast of Negros Island and quickly pushed to the outskirts of the capital, Bacolod.

Diplomacy
A White House announcement said that the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. would seek three votes each instead of one in the assembly of the proposed world security organization to equalize the votes of the "Big Three," since the British Empire would have six votes, including those of the dominions. The U.S.S.R. had raised the question at the recent Yalta Conference.

Politics and government
Palestinian Arab leaders rejected a proposal which would rotate the office of Mayor of Jersusalem among Muslim, Jewish, and Christian officials. The proposal, advocated by British High Commissioner Viscount John Gort, was accepted with reservations by Jewish leaders.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that Army Major General Lucius Clay was resigning as deputy director of war mobilization to become General Dwight Eisenhower's deputy in charge of civilian affairs in occupied Germany.

Labour
The United Mine Workers of America accepted, and coal operators rejected, a compromise suggested by U.S. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins calling for a seven-hour workday, time-and-a-half for overtime, and $75 yearly vacation pay.

Basketball
NCAA
Oklahoma A&M University upset DePaul University 52-44 to win the national men's championship at Madison Square Garden in New York.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Yenka--Johnny & Charley (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): If I Didn't Have A Dime--Tom Dunphy (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Shakin' All Over--Chad Allan and the Expressions (Guess Who?) (2nd week at #1)
2 What Have They Done to the Rain--The Searchers
3 Girl Don't Come--Sandie Shaw
4 Stranger in Town--Del Shannon
5 Goodnight--Roy Orbison
6 I Must Be Seeing Things--Gene Pitney
7 Come and Stay with Me--Marianne Faithfull
8 Bluebirds Over the Mountain--Ronnie Hawkins
9 (Here They Come) From All Over the World--Jan & Dean
10 Do the Clam--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were The Race is On by Jack Jones (#17); Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter by Herman's Hermits (#21); I'm Tellin' You Now by Freddie & the Dreamers (#26); I Know a Place by Petula Clark (#27); I'll Never Find Another You by the Seekers (#29); Baby the Rain Must Fall by Glenn Yarbrough (#32); Tired of Waiting for You by the Kinks (#33); Double-O-Seven by the Detergents (#35); Game of Love by Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders (#37); Be My Baby by Dick and DeeDee (#38); Not Too Long Ago by the Uniques (#39); and I Could Easily Fall in Love with You by Cliff Richard (#40).

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Completely Foolproof, starring J.D. Cannon, Patricia Barry, and Geoffrey Horne

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company) (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Bye Bye Baby--Bay City Rollers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Lady Marmalade--LaBelle

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
2 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
3 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
4 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
5 No No Song--Ringo Starr
6 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
7 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
8 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
9 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
10 Express--B.T. Express

Singles entering the chart were Bad Luck (Part 1) by Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes (#77); Only Yesterday by the Carpenters (#78); Shakey Ground by the Temptations (#80); Rainy Day People by Gordon Lightfoot (#83); Growin' by Loggins and Messina (#84); Hang on Sloopy by Rick Derringer (#87); You Brought the Woman Out of Me by Evie Sands (#88); Rescue Me by Cher (#95); My First Day Without Her by Dennis Yost and Classics IV (#96); I'm Not Lisa by Jessi Colter (#97); The Last Farewell by Roger Whittaker (#98); Spider Jiving by Andy Fairweather (#99); and Love Won't Let Me Wait by Major Harris (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
2 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
3 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
4 No No Song--Ringo Starr
5 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
6 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
7 Fire--Ohio Players
8 Some Kind of Wonderful--Grand Funk
9 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
10 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker

Singles entering the chart were Tangled Up in Blue by Bob Dylan (#67); He Don't Love You (Like I Love You) by Tony Orlando and Dawn (#78); Love Corporation by the Hues Corporation (#79); The South's Gonna Do It by the Charlie Daniels Band (#83); What am I Gonna Do with You by Barry White (#84); 99 Miles from L.A. by Albert Hammond (#85); Love Finds its Own Way by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#86); The Bertha Butt Boogie by the Jimmy Castor Bunch (#87); Shoeshine Boy by Eddie Kendricks (#88); Living a Little, Laughing a Little by the Spinners (#89); Who's Sorry Now by Marie Osmond (#90); Hush I'm Alive by Blue Swede (#91); Stand by Me by John Lennon (#92); Cum Hear the Band by April Wine (#93); Satin Soul by the Love Unlimited Orchestra (#94); Killer Queen by Queen (#95); Don't Let Go by Commander Cody and his Lost Planet Airmen (#96); Walking in Rhythm by the Blackbyrds (#97); Linda on My Mind by Conway Twitty (#98); Before the Next Teardrop Falls by Freddy Fender (#99); and What an Animal by Fludd (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)
2 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
3 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
4 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
5 No No Song--Ringo Starr
6 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
7 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
8 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
9 Changes--David Bowie
10 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
11 Sad Sweet Dreamer--Sweet Sensation
12 Fire--Ohip Players
13 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
14 My Eyes Adored You--Frankie Valli
15 Can You Give it All to Me--Myles and Lenny
16 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
17 Mandy--Barry Manilow
18 I Can Dance--Shooter
19 Nightingale--Carole King
20 Part of the Plan--Dan Fogelberg
21 Butter Boy--Fanny
22 Emma--Hot Chocolate
23 Up in a Puff of Smoke--Polly Brown
24 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
25 Powerful People--Gino Vannelli
26 Back Up (Against Your Persuasion)--Black & Ward
27 Uproar--Anne Murray
28 Best of My Love--The Eagles
29 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
30 In the Mood--Rush

Economics and finance
U.S. President Gerald Ford signed a $22.8-billion tax cut bill aimed at spurring American recovery from recession.

Hockey
NHL
Kansas City 1 @ Montreal 4
Boston 1 @ Toronto 1

Guy Lafleur's 50th goal of the season with 5:56 remaining in the 1st period was the winner as the Canadiens defeated the Scouts before 17,708 fans at the Montreal Forum in the Quebec and French Hockey Night in Canada telecast. Pete Mahovlich, Steve Shutt, and Mario Tremblay scored the other Montreal goals, while Guy Charron broke up Ken Dryden's bid for a shutout with 11:47 remaining in the game.

Ken Hodge of the Bruins and Clare Alexander of the Maple Leafs each scored powerplay goals in the 2nd period of their tie before 16,485 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast. Boston goalie Gilles Gilbert made 40 saves, while Toronto goalie Gord McRae made 34 saves.

WHA
Toronto 5 @ Quebec 4 (OT)
Winnipeg 9 @ New England 3
Minnesota 2 @ Houston 8
San Diego 7 @ Vancouver 3

Frank Mahovlich's 36th goal of the season with 2:05 remaining in overtime gave the Toros their win over the Nordiques before 11,630 fans at Le Colisee, moving the Toronto into a first-place tie with Quebec in the Canadian Division.

Bobby Hull scored his 73rd, 74th, and 75th goals of the season to lead the Jets over the Whalers before 10,507 fans at Hartford Civic Center.

Gordie, Mark, and Marty Howe each scored a goal as the Aeros beat the Fighting Saints before 7,979 fans at Sam Houston Coliseum.

Rick Sentes scored 3 goals and Andre Lacroix had 3 assists as the Mariners beat the Blazers before 7,597 fans at Pacific Coliseum. The loss was the seventh straight for the Blazers, eliminating Vancouver from playoff contention.

Basketball
ABA
New York 95 @ Kentucky 126
St. Louis 130 @ Denver 140

Dan Issel scored 38 points to lead the Colonels over the Nets before 11,874 fans at Freedom Hall in Louisville. Mr. Issel got into a fight with former teammate Wendell Ladner in the 4th quarter.

Marvin Barnes scored 40 points, but it wasn't enough to prevent the Spirits from losing to the Nuggets before 7,224 fans at Denver Auditorium Arena.

Baseball
The New York Yankees released pitcher Mel Stottlemyre, ending his career. Mr. Stottlemyre joined the Yankees midway through the 1964 season and pitched in that year's World Series. The Yankees declined after that season, but Mr. Stottlemyre performed well, compiling a record of 164-139 with an earned run average of 2.97 through 1974, and reachng the 20-win plateau in 1965, 1968, and 1969. Shoulder problems shortened Mr. Stottlemyre's season in 1974, and he was unable to pitch in any spring training games in 1975.

The Boston Red Sox traded first baseman Danny Cater to the St. Louis Cardinals for outfielder Danny Godby. Mr. Cater had played with five teams in 10 years from 1965-1974, batting .276 with 66 home runs and 517 runs batted in. In 1974, his third season with Boston, Mr. Cater had batted .246 with 5 homers and 20 RBIs in 56 games. Mr. Godby had batted .344 with Tulsa of the American Association in 1974 before being called up to the Cardinals, batting .154 (2 for 13) in 13 games. He was assigned to the Pawtucket Red Sox of the International League.

The Detroit Tigers traded first baseman Reggie Sanders to the Atlanta Braves for first baseman Jack Pierce. Mr. Sanders had batted .292 with 14 home runs and 88 runs batted in for Evansville of the American Association in 1974 before being called up to Detroit, where he batted .273 with 3 homers and 10 RBIs in 26 games, including a home run in his first major league plate appearance. Mr. Pierce had played briefly with the Braves in 1973 and 1974, batting .069 (2 for 29) in 17 games. He spent most of the 1974 season with Jalisco in the Mexican League, batting .306 with 28 homers and 87 RBIs. The Tigers assigned Mr. Pierce to Evansville, while the Braves assigned Mr. Sanders to the Richmond Braves of the International League.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're My Heart, You're My Soul--Modern Talking (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Want To Know What Love Is--Foreigner (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
Luther Terry, 73
. U.S. physician. Dr. Terry was Surgeon General of the United States from 1961-1965. He was best known for Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States, released on January 11, 1964, which concluded that lung cancer and chronic bronchitis were causally related to cigarette smoking.

Jeanne Deckers, aka Sœur Sourire and The Singing Nun, 61. Belgian nun and musician. Miss Deckers, who took the name Sister Luc-Gabrielle when she became a Dominican nun in 1959, wrote and performed songs under the name Sœur Sourire (The Singing Nun in English-speaking countries). Her album Dominique became an international bestseller in 1962, and the title song, sung in French, was a major international hit in 1963. Miss Deckers left the Dominican order several years later, continuing as a lay Dominican. Her subsequent musical career was mostly unsuccessful, and she and Annie Pécher, with whom she had lived for almost 20 years, both committed suicide with overdoses of barbiturates and alcohol, citing financial difficulties.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 7 @ Hartford 8

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Oi beibi/Tuhansien sulojen maa--Raptori (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
The Czechoslovak parliament was unable to reach an agreement on what to call the country after the fall of Communism, sparking the so-called Hyphen War.

Society
Canada’s best-known abortionist, Henry Morgentaler, who was in the process of opening a clinic in Edmonton, was speaking in the Tory Lecture Theatre at the University of Alberta. A pro-life rally was held on campus before the event, and even the local media had to admit that the pro-life crowd was considerably larger than the pro-abortion crowd. This blogger was at the pro-life rally, and I noticed that some of the abortion supporters were the same ones who had been wearing blue jeans on campus in support of sodomite rights eight days earlier.

Hockey
NHL
Chicago 4 Toronto 2

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Terry Moore, 82
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Moore was a center fielder with the St. Louis Cardinals (1935-1942, 1946-1948), batting .280 with 80 home runs and 513 runs batted in in 1,298 games. He was with the Cardinals when they won World Series championships in 1942 and 1946, and was considered one of the best defensive center fielders of his time. Mr. Moore was a coach with the Cardinals from 1949-1952 and 1956-1958, and managed the Philadelphia Phillies for the final half of the 1954 season, compiling a record of 35-42.

Academia
University of Alberta students Ezra Levant and David Malmo-Levine debated capitalism vs. anarchism, with Mr. Levant, a law student, speaking on behalf of capitalism, and Mr. Malmo-Levine, an arts student, speaking on behalf of anarchism. This blogger was among the 150 or so in attendance in the Alumni Room of the Students' Union Building.

World events
Authorities in Moscow seized the Russian offices of the religious sect Aum Shinrikyo, which claimed 30,000 members in Russia. The Japanese-based movement had killed 12 people in Tokyo on March 20 by releasing nerve gas into the subway system.

Politics and government
Four versions of a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that would limit members of the House of Representatives and Senate to 12 years service or less were rejected by Congress, with none coming close to the two-thirds majority required for approval.

Labour
The Major League Baseball Players Association, on strike since August 11, 1994, voted unanimously to return to the playing field in Federal District Court Judge Sonia Sotomayor were to grant an injuntion and reinstate the contract that had been in effect before the strike.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Johnnie Cochran, 67
. U.S. lawyer. Mr. Cochran practiced in Los Angeles, and was best known for leading the defense team of former football star O.J. Simpson, winning an acquittal in 1995 on the charges of murdering Mr. Simpson's ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. He died of a brain tumour.

Saturday, March 28, 2015

March 28, 2015

130 years ago
1885


War
A.G. Irvine withdrew his North West Mounted Police force from Fort Carlton, Northwest Territories, to Prince Albert; he had arrived with reinforcements to fight the North West Rebellion. Meanwhile, General Frederick Dobson Middleton left for the west in command of 5,000 troops to fight the North West Rebellion.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Paul Whiteman
. U.S. bandleader. Mr. Whiteman, nicknamed the "King of Jazz," was one of the most popular bandleaders of the 1920s, recruiting into his orchestra too many talented people to name here. Mr. Whiteman's orchestra recorded 32 singles that reached #1 in the United States, but Mr. Whteman was perhaps best known for commissioning George Gershwin's composition Rhapsody in Blue, first performed and recorded in 1924. Mr. Whiteman was musical director of the ABC radio network in the 1940s and '50s; he died on December 29, 1967 at the age of 77.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Jay Livingston
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Livingston--born Jacob Levison--and songwriting partner Jay Evans were known for writing songs for movies, and three Academy Awards for Best Original Song: Buttons and Bows (The Paleface, 1948); Mona Lisa (Captain Carey, U.S.A., 1950); and Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera) (The Man Who Knew Too Much, 1956). Mr. Livingston died on October 17, 2001 at the age of 86.

80 years ago
1935


Radio
The Canadian Radio Commission prohibited "sales talks or spot advertising" on Sundays.

75 years ago
1940


War
The Allied War Council in London issued a communique indicating that France and Britain would not conclude a peace treaty without mutual consent. Secret plans to cut the supply of Swedish iron ore to Germany through Norwegian waters were adopted.

Diplomacy
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles returned to Washington and reported to President Franklin D. Roosevelt on his European fact-finding trip.

Politics and government
Alexander Augustus Frederick, Earl of Athlone was approved by the cabinet as the next Governor General of Canada, replacing John Buchan, Lord Tweedsmuir, who had died in office on February 11, 1940.

The Standing Committee of the National Party in Chungking gave the title of "Father of the Chinese Republic" to Sun Yat-sen.

Crime
Three men pled guilty in New York to smuggling aliens into the United States from the liner Uruguay.

Education
The New York State Senate passed and sent to Governor Herbert Lehman the McCaffrey bill providing for a Bill of Rights Week in public schools.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced a 24.4% decrease in total sales on all security exchanges for the month of February 1940.

70 years ago
1945


Literature
The American Academy of Arts and Letters announced that W.H. Auden was the winner of the Academy's annual poetry prize.

War
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt made his fourth appeal for enactment of a manpower bill, urging the Senate to adopt the conference report. U.K. troops in northern Germany reached the city of Borken and pushed on to Muenster, while further south, American troops took Kirchellen, Sterkrade, and Ruhrort. Soviet forces captured Gdynia on the Baltic and Gyoer and Komarno at the Czech-Hungarian border. The Japanese drive on the U.S. air base at the Chinese city of Laohokow reached a point 25 miles northeast of the city.

Diplomacy
The government of Argentina said that staff members of the Japanese embassy had been confined to their homes under police guard.

The U.S. State Department announced an invitation to Syria and Lebanon to attend the San Francisco Conference to found the United Nations.

Politics and government
It was reported from Reykjavik that President Svejnn Bjoernsson would have no opposition in Iceland's first presidential election in June 1945.

Labour
U.S. Chamber of Commerce President Eric Johnson, American Federation of Labor President William Green, and Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray signed a charter for postwar industrial relations, calling for mutual recognition, social security measures, increased foreign tradem and the establishment of a national business-labour committee.

Soft-coal miners authorized United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis to call a strike.

Technology
International Telephone & Telegraph announced the formation of International Telecommunications Laboratories Inc. to coordinate the parent firm's worldwide electronic research on radio, television, and aerial navigation.

Dr. Katherine Blodgett of General Electric was chosen by the American Association of University Women for its annual achievement award for inventing "invisible gas" and developing a method of preventing wasteful loss of light by depositing a non-reflecting film on glass.

50 years ago
1965


Died on this date
Jack Hoxie, 80
. U.S actor. Mr. Hoxie was a popular star of Western movies from 1913-1929.

Clemence Dane, 77. U.K. author. Miss Dane, whose real name was Winifred Ashton, was known for plays such as A Bill of Divorcement (1921) and novels such as Enter Sir John (1928). She and Anthony Pelissier won an Academy Award for their screenplay for Perfect Strangers (1945).

Charles Train, 74. U.K. soldier. Corporal Train served with the London Regiment (London Scottish) in Jerusalem during World War I. His actions in killing enemy soldiers near Jerusalem on December 8, 1917 earned him the Victoria Cross. Corporal Train was later promoted to Sergeant; he eventually moved to Canada, and died in Vancouver.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Griechischer Wein--Udo Jürgens (7th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Los Angeles 2 @ Vancouver 4
Washington 5 @ California 3

Don Lever scored a goal and 2 assists as the Canucks outshot the Kings 41-16 in defeating them before a sellout crowd of 15,570 at Pacific Coliseum. The win moved Vancouver a point ahead of the Chicago Black Hawks and 3 points ahead of the St. Louis Blues in the battle for first place in the Smythe Division.

Nelson Pyatt scored the winning goal with 13:29 remaining in the game and scored another into an empty net with 16 seconds remaining as the Capitals defeated the Golden Seals before 3,933 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Arena for their first road win ever. The first-year expansion Washington team improved its record to 7-64-5.

WHA
Edmonton 4 @ Toronto 5

Wayne Dillon scored his 27th and 28th goals of the season and assisted on Frank Mahovlich's 35th and Tom Simpson's 51st as the Toros held on to edge the Oilers before 12,103 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens.

Basketball
NBA
Portland 105 @ Milwaukee 128
Cleveland 105 @ Houston 112
Kansas City-Omaha 103 @ Los Angeles 114

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar scored 38 points as the Bucks defeated the Trail Blazers before 10,938 fans at Milwaukee Arena.

Calvin Murphy scored 28 points as the Rockets beat the Cavaliers before 10,518 fans at Hofheinz Pavilion, the largest home crowd in Rockets' history to date.

Gail Goodrich scored a career-high 53 points--36 in the 2nd half--to lead the Lakers over the Kings before 11,243 fans at the Forum in Inglewood, California. Nate Archibald led Kansas City-Omaha with 40 points.

ABA
Kentucky 110 @ Virginia 88
Indiana 96 @ St. Louis 125

Artis Gilmore scored 28 points and Dan Issel added 23 as the Colonels beat the Squires before 5,703 fans at Norfolk Scope. The loss was Virginia's 64th of the season, an ABA record.

Maurice Lucas scored 28 points and grabbed 24 rebounds as the Spirits beat the Pacers before 4,311 fans at St. Louis Arena.

Baseball
The Oakland Athletics purchased outfielder Don Hopkins from the Montreal Expos. Mr. Hopkins had begun the 1974 season with the Kinston Expos of the Class A Carolina League, batting .301 in 82 games, with 49 stolen bases, before moving up to the Quebec Carnavals of the AA Eastern League, batting .261 in 12 games, with 8 stolen bases, and finally the Memphis Blues of the AAA International League, where he batted .091 in 8 games, with 2 stolen bases.

30 years ago
1985


Died on this date
Marc Chagall, 97
. Russian-born French artist. Mr. Chagall worked in several media, but was best known as one of the most prominent European modernist painters.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 3 @ Boston 6

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (6th week at #1)

Americana
U.S. President George H. W. Bush posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal to Jesse Owens. Mr. Owens, a Negro, had won four gold medals in track and field in the 1936 Summer Olympic Games in Berlin, thus damaging German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's ideas of German racial superiority. The award came 10 years almost to the day after Mr. Owens' death; he died on March 31, 1980 at the age of 66.

Diplomacy
Vytautas Landsbergis, President of the breakaway republic of Lithuania, called for talks with the Soviet government.

Protest
Two days of fighting among Negro factions in South Africa concluded with 25 fatalities.

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Mireille Durocher Bertin
. Haitian lawyer. Mrs. Bertin was an opponent of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and was planning to run for President against him when she was shot to death in Port-au-Prince while being driven by a client, Eugene "Junior" Baillergeau, away from the U.S. military’s Camp Democracy headquarters. Mr. Baillergeau, who was killed along with Mrs. Bertin, was in litigation with the U.S. military over damages a U.S. helicopter had allegedly done to his private plane.

Hugh O'Connor, 32. U.S. actor. Mr. O'Connor, the son of actor Carroll O'Connor, appeared with his father in the television series In the Heat of the Night (1988-1995). He had long had a problem with drug addiction, and fatally shot himself 10 days before his 33rd birthday.

Basketball
NBA
Chicago 113 @ New York 111

Michael Jordan scored 55 points and assisted on the winning field goal by Bill Wennington as the Bulls edged the Knickerbockers at Madison Square Garden.

10 years ago
2005


Disasters
The 2005 Sumatra earthquake rocked Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7, was the fourth strongest earthquake since 1965.

Friday, March 27, 2015

March 27, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Nyambura!

160 years ago
1855


Technology
Abraham Gesner, an inventor from Halifax, Nova Scotia, received U.S. patents for his kerosene distillation process. He and a group of investors subsequently set up North American Kerosene Gas Light Company, to market the new lamp fuel that would completely replace whale oil.

125 years ago
1890

Disasters

76 people were killed and 200 injured when a tornado struck Louisville, Kentucky.

90 years ago
1925


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal Canadiens (NHL) 4 @ Victoria Cougars (WCHL) 2 (Victoria led best-of-five series 2-1)

80 years ago
1935


Died on this date
Huzaima bint Nasser of Syria, 50 or 51
. Queen of Syria, 1920; Queen of Iraq, 1921-1933. Queen Huzaima was the wife of Faisal, who was proclaimed King of Syria in March 1920. The Kingdom of Syria was dissolved four months later, but Faisal was named King of Iraq, with Huzaima as Queen, in 1921. When King Faisal died in 1933, he was succeeded by his son Ghazi, and Huzaima became queen mother of Iraq.

Politics and government
British author John Buchan was created Lord Tweedsmuir as he was announced as the next Governor General of Canada. He officially replaced the Earl of Bessborough in the office on November 2, 1935.

75 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Michael Savage, 68
. Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1935-1940. Mr. Savage, a native of Australia who emigrated to New Zealand at the age of 35, led the first N.Z. Labour Party government, and was the architect of the country's welfare state. He represented Auckland West in the House of Representatives from 1919, and led the Labour Party from 1933, until his death from colon cancer four days after his 68th birthday. Mr. Savage was succeeded as Prime Minister by Peter Fraser.

War
Evacuation of about 100,000 people from areas ceded to the U.S.S.R. by Finland officially ended at midnight.

World events
The Bolivian government of President Gualberto Villarroel suppressed a leftist revolt in La Paz.

Defense
U.S. War Secretary Harry Woodring revealed the government's plan to sell 1,200 planes to the U.K. and France.

Diplomacy
The United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved an investigation of foreign propaganda in the United States.

The U.S. House of Representatives approved and sent to President Franklin D. Roosevelt the Starnes bill providing for deportation of any alien engaged in espionage or propaganda.

Politics and government
Finnish Prime Minister Risto Ryti organized a peacetime cabinet.

Leaders of the Progressive Republican Clubs in Wisconsin refused to endorse New York District Attorney Thomas Dewey as the party's nominee for President of the United States in the November 1940 election.

70 years ago
1945


War
Argentina declared war on Japan and Germany. British units broke through German defenses around Brunen at the northern end of of the front, and plunged eastward across the Westphalian front. Soviet troops drove to within 20 miles of the Austro-Hungarian border. U.S. troops in the Philippines captured Cebu City and its port facilities. Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways, began.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives approved the compromise job bill giving extensive power to Office of War Mobilization Director James Byrnes and sent it to the Senate.

60 years ago
1955


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Gielgud and Ralph Richardson, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Silver Blaze

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I'll Never Find Another You--The Seekers (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Toujours des Beaux Jours--Sheila

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Io che non vivo--Pino Donaggio (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Downtown--Petula Clark

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Last Time--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Stop! In the Name of Love--The Supremes

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Stop! In the Name of Love--The Supremes
2 The Birds and the Bees--Jewel Akens
3 King of the Road--Roger Miller
4 Can't You Hear My Heartbeat--Herman's Hermits
5 Eight Days a Week--The Beatles
6 Ferry Cross the Mersey--Gerry & the Pacemakers
7 Goldfinger--Shirley Bassey
--[John Barry and his Orchestra]
8 Shotgun--Jr. Walker and the All Stars
9 Red Roses for a Blue Lady--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
10 This Diamond Ring--Gary Lewis and the Playboys

Singles entering the chart were The Last Time by the Rolling Stones (#71); Ooo Baby Baby by the Miracles (#72); Double-O-Seven by the Detergents (#80); Come Back Baby by Roddie Joy (#81); Crazy Downtown by Allan Sherman (#82); You Can Have Him by Dionne Warwick (#83); Why Did I Choose You by Barbra Streisand (#86); Somebody Else is Taking My Place (#87)/With All My Heart (#99) by Al Martino; That'll Be the Day by the Everly Brothers (#90); Baby the Rain Must Fall by Glenn Yarbrough (#91); Hawaii Honeymoon by the Waikikis (#93); I'll Never Find Another You by the Seekers (#95); Whipped Cream by Herb Alpert's Tijuana Brass (#96); I've Got Five Dollars and It's Saturday Night by George and Gene (#97); The Entertainer by Tony Clarke (#98); and This is It by Jim Reeves (#100). George and Gene were George Jones and Gene Pitney.

On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Douglas Wilmer and Nigel Stock, on BBC 1
Tonight's episode: The Six Napoleons

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Bye Bye Baby--Bay City Rollers

Died on this date
Arthur Bliss, 83
. U.K. composer. Sir Arthur composed various choral and orchestral works. He became music director of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the 1940s, and served as Master of the Queen's Music from 1953 until his death.

Oil
Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System began.

Hockey
WHA
Winnipeg 0 @ Houston 8

Gordie Howe scored 2 goals and 2 assists and his son Mark added a goal and an assist as the Aeros routed the Jets before 7,829 fans at Sam Houston Arena.

Basketball
NBA
Kansas City-Omaha 103 @ Golden State 111

Rick Barry scored 34 points and Derrek Dickey grabbed 23 rebounds to lead the Warriors over the Kings before 12,787 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Arena.

Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates released pitcher Steve Blass, three days after he walked 8 batters in the 4th inning of a spring training game against the Chicago White Sox. Mr. Blass played with the Pirates in 1964 and 1966-1974, compiling a record of 103-76 with an earned run average of 3.63. He won 2 games in the 1971 World Series against the Baltimore Orioles, including the seventh game, and was 19-8 in 1972. In 1973, Mr. Blass suddenly lost his control--walking 84 batters in 88 2/3 innings--and was never able to regain it.

The St. Louis Cardinals released second baseman Ron Hunt. Mr. Hunt played with the New York Mets (1963-1966); Los Angeles Dodgers (1967); San Francisco Giants (1968-1970); and Montreal Expos (1971-1974) before joining the Cardinals in September 1974. He batted .273 with 39 home runs and 370 runs batted in in 1,483 games. Mr. Hunt was best known for his ability to get hit by pitches; he led the National League in each of his last 7 seasons, setting a major league single-season record in 1971 with 50. His career total of 243 was the major league record until it was broken by Don Baylor in 1987.

Tha Atlanta Braves released catcher Paul Casanova. The Cuban native played with the Washington Senators (1965-1971) before joining the Braves in 1972. He batted .225 with 50 home runs and 252 runs batted in in 859 games.

The Texas Rangers released pitcher Bob Johnson, three days after he gave up 4 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 1 inning in a spring training game against the Minnesota Twins. Mr. Johnson had pitched with four major league teams from 1969-1974, compiling a record of 28-33 before joining the Rangers after the 1974 season. He was a teammate of Mr. Blass with the Pittsburgh Pirates' World Series championship team in 1971.

25 years ago
1990


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Faith

The United States began broadcasting TV Martí--a network broadcasting propaganda against the Cuban dictatorship of Fidel Castro--to Cuba.

Died on this date
Marilyn Buferd, 65
. U.S. actress. Miss Buferd, representing California, was Miss America for 1946. Her undistinguised movie career included The Unearthly (1957) and Queen of Outer Space (1958).

Diplomacy
The Soviet government ordered all foreigners to leave Lithuania.

Protest
Two days of fighting began between Negro factions in South Africa.

Politics and government
The outgoing Sandanista government of Nicaragua signed an agreement recognizing recently-elected President Violetta Chamorro's right to have full authority over the army and security forces.

Economics and finance
Provincial finance ministers declined to help the government of Canada collect the goods and services tax, scheduled to go into effect on January 18, 1991.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Quiero volar--G.E.M. (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Strong Enough--Sheryl Crow (2nd week at #1)
2 Take a Bow--Madonna
3 I Know--Dionne Farris
4 She's a River--Simple Minds
5 The Ballad of Peter Pumpkinhead--Crash Test Dummies
6 You Lose You Gain--John Bottomley
7 O Siem--Susan Aglukark
8 Believe--Elton John
9 Mishale--Andru Donalds
10 Gel--Collective Soul

Singles entering the chart were I Go Wild by the Rolling Stones (#74); I Believe by Blessed Union of Soul (#81); Star 69 by R.E.M. (#82); Fly from Heaven by Toad the Wet Sprocket (#83); I Live My Life for You by Firehouse (#84); Lusitana by the Watchmen (#85); Love the One You're With by Luther Vandross (#87); The Old Neighbourhood by Mike Shields (#92); Anything for You by Snow featuring Nadine Sutherland, Beenie Man, Buju Banton Terror Fabulous, Louie Culture & Kulture Knox (#93); Grey Dusk of Eve by the Rankin Family (#96); and The Blue Train by Linda Ronstadt (#97).

Died on this date
Tony Lovink, 92
. High Commissioner of the Crown in the Dutch East Indies (Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies), 1949. Mr. Lovink was the last person to represent the Dutch Crown in the Dutch East Indies before they gained their independence as Indonesia in 1949.

Business
Bell Canada said that it would slash 10,000 jobs over three years while spending $1.7 billion Canadian to remake Canada's largest phone company.

Wednesday, March 25, 2015

March 26, 2015

130 years ago
1885


Movies
The Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company of Rochester, New York manufactured the first commercial motion picture film.

War
Metis leader Gabriel Dumont led an ambush of a force of 98 North West Mounted Police officers and volunteers, led by Superintendent Leif Crozier, at Duck Lake, Northwest Territories, forcing the police to retreat to Prince Albert with 12 dead. It was the first battle of the North West Rebellion (Second Riel Rebellion).

100 years ago
1915


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
Ottawa Senators (NHA) 3 @ Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) 12 (Vancouver won best-of-five series 3-0)

The Millionaires routed the Senators at Denman Arena in a game played under PCHA rules to complete the sweep of the first Stanley Cup final series between the champions of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association and the National Hockey Association. Fred "Cyclone" Taylor led the Millionaires with 6 goals in the series, while teammate Barney Stanley scored 5, including the series winner at 5:30 of the 2nd period.

75 years ago
1940


War
In his first address as Prime Minister of France, Paul Reynaud cautioned German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler not to make advances into the Balkans.

Diplomacy
Reports from London indicated that the United Kingdom would not recognize the Japanese-sponsored government in central China led by Wang Ching-wei.

Defense
The U.S. government decided to sell P-46 pursuit planes to the U.K. and France.

The United States Army successfully tested a new means of aerial photography, using bombs exploded above the target area to serve as a light source.

Politics and government
The Liberal Party, under the leadership of Prime Minister Mackenzie King, easily retained power in the Canadian federal election, taking 179 of 245 seats in the House of Commons and more than 51% of the popular vote. Their total was 8 more than in the election of 1935, and was the largest majority since Confederation. The Conservatives, led by R.J. Manion, were reduced to 39 seats. Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, led by J.S. Woodsworth, won 8 seats. Social Credit (7) and New Democracy (3), running together, took 10 seats. Other seats were captured by Liberal-Progressive (3); independent Liberal (2); independent Conservative (1); independent (1); Unity (1); and United Reform Movement (1).

Crime
Seven men from the liner Uruguay were indicted by a federal grand jury in New York City for smuggling aliens into the United States.

70 years ago
1945


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Book of Tobit

Died on this date
David Lloyd George, 82
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1916-1922. Mr. Lloyd George, a native of England who moved with his family to their native Wales as a child, was a Liberal Party member of the House of Commons from 1890-1945. He held various cabinet posts before succeeding Herbert Asquith as Prime Minister during World War I. He led a coalition government during the war and played a major role at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. The coalition fell apart in 1922, and the Liberals fell from power, never to regain it. Mr. Lloyd George succeeded Mr. Asquith as Liberal leader in 1926, leading the party unitl 1931. In the 1930s he was viewed as having a favourable attitude toward Germany and German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. Mr. Lloyd George opposed Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, but declined the offer of a cabinet post when Mr. Chamberlain resigned in favour of Winston Churchill in 1940. Mr. Lloyd George supported a negotiated peace with Germany early in World War II, and was regarded as a defeatist.

War
Canada's Commonwealth Air Training Program ended after graduating 131,500. Seven Allied armies advanced east of the Rhine River as German resistance became increasingly disorganized. The Battle of Iwo Jima ended as the Pacific island was officially secured by American forces. About 22,000 Japanese troops were killed or captured in the fighting, and more than 4,500 U.S. troops were killed. U.S. troops in the Philippines landed on the east coast of Cebu Island and reached within 2 1/2 miles of Cebu City, facing only mooderate opposition from Japanese forces.

Economics and finance
A decree from the government of Argentina put all firms from Axis countries under Argentine military control.

The United States Senate voted to raise the national debt limit $40 billion to $300 billion, and sent the measure to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Opening its food inquiry, the United States Senate Agricultural Committee heard representatives of the meat packing industry charge the Office of Price Administration with being largely responsible for meat shortages because it followed "a social philosophy which regards profit as a sin."

Business
The U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear arguments on the charge that 20 railroads had conspired to maintain freight rates discriminating against the state of Georgia, as alleged by Georgia Governor Ellis Arnall.

Basketball
NCAA
DePaul University defeated Bowling Green University 71-54 to win the National Invitation Tournament at Madison Square Garden in New York.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Need You Now--Eddie Fisher (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Give Me Your Word--Tennessee Ernie Ford (5th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Ballad of Davy Crockett--Bill Hayes (Best Seller--1st week at #1); Sincerely--The McGuire Sisters (Disc Jockey--7th week at #1; Jukebox--4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Ballad of Davy Crockett--Bill Hayes
2 Melody of Love--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
--David Carroll and his Orchestra
--The Four Aces
3 Sincerely--The McGuire Sisters
4 The Crazy Otto--Johnny Maddox and the Rhythmasters
5 Tweedlee Dee--Georgia Gibbs
--LaVern Baker and the Gliders
6 Ko Ko Mo (I Love You So)--Perry Como
--The Crew-Cuts
7 Earth Angel (Will You Be Mine)--The Penguins
--The Crew-Cuts
8 How Important Can it Be?--Joni James
--Sarah Vaughan
9 Open Up Your Heart (And Let the Sunshine In)--Cowboy Church Sunday School
10 Hearts of Stone--The Fontane Sisters
--The Charms

Singles entering the chart were Nobody by Perry Como (#27) and Play Me Hearts and Flowers (I Wanna Cry) by Johnny Desmond (#39).

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 The Birds and the Bees--Jewel Akens (2nd week at #1)
2 Can't You Hear My Heartbeat--Herman's Hermits
3 Eight Days a Week--The Beatles
4 Ferry Cross the Mersey--Gerry & the Pacemakers
5 King of the Road--Roger Miller
6 Do You Wanna Dance?--The Beach Boys
7 Stop! In the Name of Love--The Supremes
8 Goldfinger--Shirley Bassey
9 (Here They Come) From All Over the World--Jan & Dean
10 I Know a Place--Petula Clark
Pick hit of the week: Little Miss Go-Go--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
New this week: Little Sidewalk Surfer Girl--The Hondells
Crazy Downtown--Allan Sherman
Just Once in My Life--The Righteous Brothers
It's Got the Whole World Shakin'--Sam Cooke
I'll Never Find Another You--The Seekers
Why Did You Choose Me--Barbra Streisand

40 years ago
1975


Defense
The Biological Weapons Convention, signed on April 10, 1972, came into force now that it had been ratified by 22 states.

Politics and government
In the Alberta provincial election, Premier Peter Lougheed led his Progressive Conservative Party to a landslide re-election, taking 69 of 75 seats in the Legislature, an increase of 20 seats from their pre-election total. The PCs' increase came mainly at the expense of the Social Credit opposition, led by Werner Schmidt, who were reduced from 25 seats to 4, with Mr. Schmidt losing his seat. Gordon Taylor was elected as an independent Social Credit in Drumheller, and New Democratic Party leader Grant Notley retained his Spirit River-Fairview seat.

Economics and finance
The government of Canada raised the minimum wage for federal employees from $2.20-$2.60 per hour.

Basketball
ABA
St. Louis 116 @ Virginia 99

Marvin Barnes and Freddie Lewis each scored 30 points as the Spirits defeated the Squires before 2,411 fans at Hampton Coliseum.

Baseball
Larry Lintz, Jerry White, and Pepe Mangual each stole second base and came around to score as the Montreal Expos edged the Houston Astros 4-3 in a spring training game before 2,535 fans in Daytona Beach, Florida.

The Los Angeles Dodges scored 10 runs in 5 innings off starting pitcher Jack Billingham and held on to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 10-9 in a spring training game before 4,196 fans in Tampa, Florida. Jimmy Wynn hit a 3-run home run for Los Angeles, while Johnny Bench and Dave Concepcion homered for Cincinnati.

Jim Rooker, Wayne Simpson, and Dave Giusti combined to pitch a 5-hit shutout as the Pittsburgh Pirates blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 4-0 in a spring training game in Bradenton, Florida.

30 years ago
1985


Oil
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced that his Progressive Conservative government was ending the National Energy Program and moving to market value for crude, with equal treatment for the oil patch. The NEP was imposed by the Liberal government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in 1980.

25 years ago
1990


Protest
In the Negro South African township of Sebokeng, 11 people were killed and hundreds wounded when police fired on a large crowd of demonstrators.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney sent New Brunswick Premier Frank McKenna's "companion resolution" to the Meech Lake constitutional accord to an all-party House of Commons committee, and begans public hearings.

Society
American pro-life speaker Joseph Scheidler gave a talk at the University of Alberta, three days in advance of the appearance of Henry Morgentaler, Canada’s best-known abortionist. This blogger put up a number of posters on campus--in places where permission to put up posters wasn’t required--advertising Mr. Scheidler’s appearance, and within a day all but one of the posters had been torn down; such is the "tolerance" of pro-abortion activists.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Old Pop in an Oak--Rednex (9th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The Schengen Agreement came into effect, almost 10 years after it had been signed. It was an agreement by Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, West Germany, and France proposing the gradual abolition of border checks at the signatories' common borders.

Labour
The Canadian Parliament passed legislation ordering 30,000 striking railway employees back to work, ending a nation-wide week of chaos for travellers, commuters, and shippers.

Politics and government
Former diplomatic service bureaucrat Alan Keyes announced his intention to seek the 1996 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States, becoming the first Negro to seek the Republican nomination. Mr. Keyes was a Roman Catholic who was known for his opposition to abortion.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Gérard Filion, 95
. Canadian journalist. Mr. Filion published the Montreal newspaper Le Devoir from 1947-1963. He was a vocal critic of the Union Nationale government of Premier Maurice Duplessis.

James Callaghan, 92. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1976-1979. Mr. Calllaghan, a Labour Party member of the House of Commons from 1945-1987, held the cabinet posts of Chancellor of the Exchequer (1964-1967); Home Secretary (1967-1970); and Foreign Secretary (1974-1976) before succeeding the retiring Harold Wilson as Prime Minister. After Labour's loss to the Margaret Thatcher-led Conservative Party in the 1979 general election, Mr. Callaghan served as Leader of the Opposition until resigning as Labour Party leader in November 1980. He died the day before his 93rd birthday.

Marius Russo, 90. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Russo played with the New York Yankees (1939-1943, 1946), compiling a record of 45-34 with an earned run average of 3.13 in 120 games. He was a member of World Series championship teams in 1939, 1941, and 1943.

Paul Hester, 46. Australian musician. Mr. Hester was best known as the drummer with the band Crowded House from 1986-1994. He left the group midway through their North American tour in 1994, but returned to play with them in their farewell concert in 1996. Mr. Hester suffered from depression and mood swings, and hanged himself from a tree in a park near his home in Melbourne.

Protest
The Taiwanese government of President Chen Shui-bian called on one million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China. The law, passed on March 14, 2005, formalized the long-standing policy of the PRC to use "non-peaceful means" against the "Taiwan independence movement" in the event of a declaration of independence. Around 200,000 to 300,000 attended the demonstration.

March 25, 2015

150 years ago
1865


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate forces temporarily captured Fort Stedman, Virginia from the Union.

75 years ago
1940


Movies
The U.S. Supreme Court upheld a 1939 ruling by the Second Circuit Court of Appeals awarding 20% of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's profits from the movie Letty Lynton (1932) to Edward Sheldon and Margaret Ayer Barnes. The Second Circuit Court had upheld a 1936 federal District Court ruling that the movie's script had followed too closely Mr. Sheldon and Miss Margaret Ayer Barnes' play Dishonored Lady (1930), without acquiring the rights to the play or giving credit. According to MGM records, the film earned $754,000 in the U.S. and Canada and $418,000 elsewhere, resulting in a profit of $390,000. The movie has been unavailable except for bootleg copies since the 1936 District Court ruling.

War
The United Kingdom announced that she would use all legal means to harass German ships carrying iron ore from Narvik, Norway to Germany.

World events
Mexico expropriated 1.5 million acres of American-owned land in the state of Chiapas.

Politics and government
The New Zealand Labour Party ousted left-wing leader John Lee.

U.S. Vice President John Nance "Cactus Jack" Garner instructed Oregon Secretary of State Earl Snell to place Mr. Garner's name on that state's ballot for the May 17 Democratic Party primary for the 1940 nomination for President of the United States.

Journalism
O'Estado de Sao Paulo, the leading morning newspaper in Brazil, was ordered closed by the Brazilian government because of its alleged opposition to President Getúlio Vargas.

Radio
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Federal Communications Commission need not consider the impact on competition when it issued a new radio license.

Business
The U.S. Supreme Court found Ethyl Gasoline Corporation guilty of violating antitrust laws through its system of licensing jobbers.

70 years ago
1945


War
A U.S. Army armoured division swept ahead 27 miles east of the Rhine River and crossed the Main River, while bridgeheads on the east bank of the Rhine were expanded by the Allied troops. New Soviet forces joined the Vienna offensive, gaining 28 miles along the Danube River, while further south, other Soviet troops reached to within 72 miles of Vienna. U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur reported that the shores of Batangas Bay on the Philippine island of Luzon had been completely cleared of Japanese forces.

Golf
Byron Nelson won the Greensboro Open, finishing 8 strokes ahead of Sam Byrd.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Give Me Your Word--Tennessee Ernie Ford (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Italian Prime Minister Mario Scelba visited Ottawa.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): The Last Time--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 64.

Protest
25,000 U.S. civil rights activists led by Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. successfully completed their four-day 54-mile march from Selma to the state capitol in Montgomery, Alabama (see also here).

Politics and government
Dudley Senanayake took office as Prime Minister of Ceylon, succeeding Sirimavo Bandaranaike.

Crime
Royal Canadian Mounted Police in Montreal seized $25 million worth of pure heroin.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Faisal, 68
. King of Saudi Arabia, 1964-1975. King Faisal succeeded to the throne upon the forced abdication of his elder brother Saud. Faisal was credited with rescuing Saudi Arabia's finances and modernizing the country. Three months after appearing on the cover of Time magazine as Man of the Year for 1974, King Faisal was shot to death in his residence by his nephew Prince Faisal bin Musaid. King Faisal was succeeded as king by his younger half-brother Khalid.

Politics and government
Portuguese Prime Minister Vasco dos Santos Goncalves formed a provisional cabinet, the fourth since the Armed Forces Movement (MFA) had seized power on April 25, 1974.

Protest
Members of the National Front, flanked by 2,000 police officers, marched through north London in a demonstration against British integration with Europe.

Hockey
WHA
Vancouver 4 @ Toronto 8
Winnipeg 4 @ Indianaplis 3 (OT)

Tom Simpson scored 4 goals--his 47th, 48th, 49th, and 50th of the season--and added 2 assists to lead the Toros over the Blazers before 13,213 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens.

Norm Beaudin scored his 15th goal of the season at 1:32 of overtime to give the Jets their win over the Racers before 11,288 fans at Market Square Arena. Bobby Hull opened the scoring for Winnipeg in the 1st period with his 71st and 72nd goals of the season.

Basketball
NBA
Philadelphia 103 @ Buffalo 118
Kansas City-Omaha 110 @ New Orleans 112
Boston 89 @ Cleveland 84
Los Angeles 122 @ Golden State 139

Bob McAdoo scored 48 points to lead the Braves over the 76ers before 12,404 fans at War Memorial Arena.

Nate Archibald scored 40 points for the Kings, but missed a layup in the final second of the game, allowing the Jazz to escape with a narrow victory before 3,388 fans at Loyola Field House. Pete Maravich led New Orleans with 36 points.

Dave Cowens scored 25 points and added 17 rebounds as the Celtics defeated the Cavaliers before 18,911 fans at Richfield Coliseum in Richfield, Ohio, the largest crowd yet to witness a basketball game in that state.

Rick Barry made 17 of 26 field goal attempts and finished with 40 points and 8 steals as the Warriors beat the Lakers before 7,806 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Arena.

Baseball
Gary Carter's solo home run in the top of the 9th inning broke a 1-1 tie, and the Montreal Expos added an insurance run to defeat the Texas Rangers 3-1 in a spring training game before 1,628 fans in Pompano Beach, Florida.

The Houston Astros scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and 3 more in the 3rd as they routed the Atlanta Braves 11-0 in a spring training game in West Palm Beach, Florida. Winning pitcher Larry Dierker allowed just 2 hits in 7 innings, tripled in a run, and scored a run, while losing pitcher Roric Harrison allowed 10 hits, 4 bases on balls, and 9 runs--all earned--in just 2+ innings.

Frank White doubled home pinch runner Jim Wohlford with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th with the winning run as the Kansas City Royals rallied for 2 runs to edge the Boston Red Sox 5-4 in a spring training game before 2,834 fans in Fort Myers, Florida. Harmon Killebrew hit a home run for Kansas City, while Bernie Carbo homered for Boston.

The New York Mets scored 3 runs on 4 hits in the top of the 1st inning and went on to blank the Pittsburgh Pirates 8-0 in a spring training game in Bradenton, Florida. Losing pitcher Ken Brett, recovering from off-season elbow surgery, lasted just 1/3 inning before asking to be removed. Randy Tate started on the mound for New York and pitched 4 innings to get the win. He also singled and scored a run in 2 at bats; his hit was one more hit than he ended up getting in the regular season.

The California Angels scored 2 runs in the 6th inning and 6 in the 7th as they beat the Chicago Cubs 8-5 in a spring training game before 2,887 fans in Scottsdale, Arizona.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Shout--Tears for Fears

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Woodpeckers from Space--VideoKids (3rd week at #1)

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Don't Make Me Over--Sybil (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (5th week at #1)

War
Soviet paratroopers seized the headquarters and other property of the rebellious Communist Party of Lithuania. Ethnic Lithuanians who had deserted the army were rounded up.

Diplomacy
Nicaraguan Contra leaders said that those who were gathered in United Nations-supervised security zones in Nicaragua would remain there for months, and would keep their arms.

Crime
87 people died in a fire at the Happy Land social club in the Bronx borough of New York City. The fire, which police said was deliberately set, spread rapidly through the two-storey structure, and the victims died within minutes from burning or asphyxiation, with only a few escaping. The club, which had been ordered closed in 1988, had no sprinklers, fire exits, emergency lights, or exit signs at the time of the fire. The club was popular with immigrants from Central America, and the majority of those who died were from Honduras. Police arrested Julio Gonzalez and charged him with arson and murder. They said that Mr. Gonzalez had had an argument with a former girlfriend who worked at the club.

Hockey
NHL
Washington 4 Calgary 1

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Here's Johnny!--Hocus Pocus

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Think Twice--Celine Dion (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Tears Don't Lie--Mark 'Oh

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Back for Good--Take That

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Take a Bow--Madonna (5th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Take a Bow--Madonna (6th week at #1)
2 If You Love Me--Brownstone
3 Baby--Brandy
4 Strong Enough--Sheryl Crow
5 Creep--TLC
6 Candy Rain--Soul for Real
7 You Gotta Be--Des'ree
8 Red Light Special--TLC
9 I Know--Dionne Farris
10 Big Poppa/Warning--Notorious B.I.G.

Singles entering the chart were Shook Ones (Part 2) by Mobb Deep (#77); Tell Me When by the Human League (#82); Fat Boy by Max-A-Million (#89); and Run-Around by Blues Traveler (#91).

Technology
WikiWikiWeb, the world's first wiki, and part of the Portland Pattern Repository, was made public by Ward Cunningham.

Religion
Pope John Paul II issued his encyclical Evangelium Vitae, condemning abortion and euthanasia as crimes that no human laws could legitimize.

Hockey
NHL
Winnipeg 3 Toronto 3

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Paul Henning, 93
. U.S. screenwriter and producer. Mr. Henning was best known for creating the television comedy series The Bob Cummings Show (1955-1959); The Beverly Hillbillies (1962-1971); and Petticoat Junction (1963-1970).

Monday, March 23, 2015

March 24, 2015

250 years ago
1765


Law
The Kingdom of Great Britain passed the Quartering Act, which required the thirteen American Colonies to house British troops.

150 years ago
1865


Politics and government
Canadian politicians John A. Macdonald, George-Etienne Cartier, George Brown, and Alexander Tilloch Galt left Quebec City for London, England to discuss the union of the British North American provinces.

130 years ago
1885


War
In the Sino-French War, Chinese forces won a victory in the Battle of Bang Bo on the Tonkin–Guangxi border.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Agnes Macphail
. Canadian politician. Miss Macphail, as a member of te Progressive Party, became the first woman to be elected to the Canadian House of Commons, where she sat as the MP for the Ontario riding of Grey Southeast from 1921-1940. She was a member of the Ginger Group that split from the Progressive Party and formed the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation. In 1935 Miss Macphail ran as a candidate for the United Farmers of Ontario-Labour Party in the new riding of Grey-Bruce and was re-elected to the House of Commons. She was defeated in the federal election of 1940 and in a subsequent by-election. Miss Macphail then entered provincial politics, running for the CCF in the 1943 Ontario provincial election. She and fellow CCF candidate Rae Luckock were both elected, and became the first female Members of the Provincial Parliament in Ontario. Miss Macphail was defeated in 1945, re-elected in 1948, and defeated in 1951. She died on February 13, 1954 at the age of 63.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
George Wagner
. U.S. wrestler. Mr.Wagner, better known as Gorgeous George, was the most popular professional wrestler in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s. His outrageous antics and effeminate appearance in the ring were credited wit inspiring huge increases in the sales of television sets during this period. Promoter Al Oeming brought Mr. Wagner--who had his name legally changed to Gorgeous George in 1950--to Edmonton in 1949 for an appearance at the Edmonton Arena, although the city was still five years away from having its first television station. Gorgeous George wrestled until December 1962, but heavy drinking and business setbacks took their toll on him. In 1963 he was living in a flophouse on Hollywood Boulevard in Los Angeles, and he died in hospital on December 26, 1963 at the age of 48 after suffering a heart attack. Gorgeous George had a tremendous influence on popular culture, including the public personas of boxer Muhammad Ali and singer James Brown, and even the music career of Bob Dylan. The biography Gorgeous George: The Outrageous Bad-Boy Wrestler Who Created American Pop Culture (2008) by John Capouya is well worth reading.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
Ottawa Senators (NHA) 3 @ Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) 8 (Vancouver led best-of-five series 2-0)

Barney Stanley scored 3 goals in the 2nd period as the Millionaires beat the Senators at Denman Arena in a game played under National Hockey Association rules.

75 years ago
1940


War
The New South Wales Labour Party voted against any Australian participation in an overseas war. German troops observed Easter by dropping flowers inside French lines.

Protest
The Indian Moslem League, meeting in Lahore, challenged the United Kingdom to provide equal treatment for Arabs in Palestine.

Society
U.S. Senator Thomas Connally (Democrat--Texas) indicated that he would lead a Southern filibuster against the Gavagan anti-lynching bill when debate opened on the Senate floor.

Economics and finance
Guaranty Trust Company of New York reported that the effects of the European war would cause readjustments in the world's economic order, rather than expansion.

Religion
Pope Pius XII, in his Easter message, denounced treaty violations and lack of human concern by nations at war.

Science
The American Chemical Society awarded the Eli Lilly & Company prize to Dr. Eric Glendinning of Johns Hopkins University for research in the hormone adrenalin and vitamins.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rum and Coca-Cola--The Andrews Sisters (7th week at #1)

War
The U.S. State Department reiterated that the United States was "definitely committed to the policy of unconditional surrender" of both Germany and Japan. Canadian Army Corporal Fred Topham earned the Victoria Cross for bravery as Canadian paratroopers and air support helped the Army cross the Rhine River in Operation Varsity, beginning the liberation of the Netherlands, with Canadian, British, and American troops establishing beachheads on the east bank of the Rhine between Rees and Duisburg. A new Soviet offensive in western Hungary gained 43 miles along a 62-mile front, placing Soviet troops only 40 miles from Austria. Japanese Prime Minister Kuniaki Koiso called on the nation's "100,000,000 people" to join a volunteer army ordered established by the cabinet. U.S. forces in the Philippines captured Nagulian and its airport, 12 miles northwest of Baguio, against light Japanese opposition.

Diplomacy
The Spanish government of Generalissimo Francisco Franco ordered is diplomats to stop representing Japanese interests in countries with which Japan had not had diplomatic relations because of World War II.

Archaeology
Reports from Cairo said that archaeologists had located the sacred city of Heliopolis, an Egyptian capital that had been obliterated over 6,000 years earlier.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Wallace Harrison to head the Offce of Inter-American Affairs.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt named Jonathan Daniels as White House secretary in charge of press relations to replace Stephen Early, who was expected to return to employment in the private sector.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. reported the enactment two days earlier of a new agrarian reform law in Romania for expropriation of properties of absentees, traitors, and Germans, and division among peasants of estates of more than 50 hectares.

The United States Senate-House of Representatives conference voted for a job bill compromise that would vest in Office of War Mobilization Director James Byrnes power to use any government agencies to administer the act.

60 years ago
1955


Theatre
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof by Tennessee Williams, and starring Barbara Bel Geddes, Ben Gazzara, Burl Ives, Mildred Dunnock, and Pat Hingle, opened at the Morosco Theatre on Broadway in New York.

50 years ago
1965


Space
The U.S. probe Ranger 9, equipped to convert its signals into a form suitable for showing on domestic television, broadcast images of the Moon into ordinary homes before crash landing, three days after launch.

Exploration
U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy reached the top of Mount Kennedy in British Columbia's Coast Mountains, a mountain named by the Canadian government in honour of the Senator's late brother, U.S. President John F. Kennedy. Senator Kennedy became the first person to scale the highest unclimbed mountain in North America.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Please Mr. Postman--Carpenters (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Todo El Tiempo Del Mundo--Manolo Otero (14th week at #1)

Canadiana
Parliament passed an act making the beaver the official symbol of Canada.

Weather
Thunder Bay had one of Ontario's greatest one day snowfalls, with 44.5 inches (102 centimetres).

Baseball
The Chicago White Sox and Pittsburgh Pirates split a spring training doubleheader before 1,635 fans in Bradenton, Florida. In the first game, Richie Zisk hit a home run and single, batting in 5 runs, and Dave Parker batted 4 for 4 with 2 doubles and a triple as the Pirates won 8-2 in 7 innings. Bob Moose pitched 5 innings and was credited with the win, while losing pitcher Wilbur Wood pitched all 6 innings for Chicago, allowing 14 hits and 8 runs--7 earned. In the second game, the White Sox scored 8 runs in the 4th inning and 2 runs in each of 4 other innings as they won 16-4 in 9 innings. Steve Blass, a World Series star with the Pirates in 1971 and one of the best pitchers in baseball in 1972 before mysteriously losing his control in 1973, started on the mound for the Pirates. After surviving the first 3 innings, he completely lost his control in the 4th, and was unable to get the third out. Pittsburgh manager Danny Murtaugh finally pulled Mr. Blass after he walked 8 consecutive batters. In 3 2/3 innings, Mr. Blass allowed 4 hits, 10 runs--9 earned--with 11 bases on balls and 2 strikeouts. It was the final game for Mr. Blass, as the Pirates placed him on waivers three days later for the purpose of giving him his unconditional release. Roger Nelson, who had begun his major league career with the White Sox in 1967, was the starting pitcher for Chicago, and it turned out to be the final game for him in a White Sox uniform. He allowed 4 hits and 1 run--earned--in 2 innings, and was released the following day. Cecil Upshaw, the second of three White Sox pitchers, pitched 4 innings and was credited with the win.

The Los Angeles Dodgers, down 5-0 after 3 innings, erupted for 4 runs in the 4th, 2 in the 5th, and 5 in the 6th as they held on to defeat the Boston Red Sox 13-12 in spring training game before 2,658 fans in West Haven, Florida. Los Angeles third baseman Ron Cey drove in 7 runs with a 3-run home run in the 4th and a grand slam in the 6th. Left fielder Tom Paciorek added 2 triples and a single and 3 runs batted in. Boston left fielder Fred Lynn homered and singled and had 3 RBIs, while second baseman Kim Andrew singled and doubled and drove in 3 runs, and designated hitter Tony Conigliaro, attempting a comeback after four years out of baseball, tripled and scored 2 runs.

Jim Barr pitched 7 innings for the win and hit a single and an inside-the-park grand slam as the San Francisco Giants routed the San Diego Padres 15-3 in a spring training game before 1,615 fans in Phoenix. San Francisco third baseman Steve Ontiveros batted 4 for 5 with a triple, 3 runs, and 3 runs batted in, and center fielder Garry Maddox and first baseman Gary Thomasson each added 3 hits.

Ron LeFlore tripled off Tippy Martinez to lead off the bottom of the 10th inning and scored on a wild relay throw by shortstop Fred Stanley as the Detroit Tigers edged the New York Yankees 6-5 in a spring training game before 5,328 fans in Lakeland, Florida. New York first baseman Bob Oliver batted 4 for 5, and third baseman Graig Nettles batted 3 for 5 with 2 runs batted in.

The Atlanta Braves scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and coasted to a 4-2 win over the Montreal Expos in a spring training game before 4,328 fans in West Palm Beach, Florida. Ron Reed allowed just 3 hits and 1 run--earned--in 7 innings to get the win, while Montreal starting pitcher Dave McNally allowed 7 hits and 4 runs--al earned--in 6 innings to take the loss.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Solid--Ashford & Simpson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Square Rooms--Al Corley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: You're My Heart, You're My Soul--Modern Talking (3rd week at #1)

On the radio
The Stories of Sherlock Holmes, starring Graham Armitage and Kerry Jordan, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: A Hollow Victory

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Vattene Amore--Amedeo Minghi; Mietta (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Enjoy the Silence--Depeche Mode

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Le temps des Yéyés--Les Vagabonds

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Dub Be Good to Me--Beats International (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Black Velvet--Alannah Myles

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Escapade--Janet Jackson (3rd week at #1)
2 Black Velvet--Alannah Myles
3 Roam--The B-52's
4 Price of Love--Bad English
5 I Wish it Would Rain Down--Phil Collins
6 I Go to Extremes--Billy Joel
7 No More Lies--Michel'le
8 C'mon and Get My Love--D Mob introducing Cathy Dennis
9 We Can't Go Wrong--Cover Girls
10 Just a Friend--Biz Markie

Singles entering the chart were This Old Heart of Mine by Rod Stewart (with Ronald Isley) (#63); Precious Love by Jody Watley (#66); Nothing Compares 2 U by Sinead O’Connor (#69); Hurting Kind (I’ve Got My Eyes On You) by Robert Plant (#72); Hold On by Wilson Phillips (#79); The Humpty Dance by Digital Underground (#83); and House of Broken Love by Great White (#85).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Wish it Would Rain Down--Phil Collins
2 Escapade--Janet Jackson
3 I Go to Extremes--Billy Joel
4 Opposites Attract--Paula Abdul (with Wild Pair)
5 Roam--The B-52's
6 Dangerous--Roxette
7 Price of Love--Bad English
8 No Myth--Michael Penn
9 Lover of Mine--Alannah Myles
10 Love Will Lead You Back--Taylor Dayne

Singles entering the chart were Without You by Motley Crue (#69); Hurting Kind (I’ve Got My Eyes On You) by Robert Plant (#83); Sweet Talk by Lee Aaron (#86); You're the Only Woman by Brat Pack (#91); Sun Comes Up, It's Tuesday Morning by Cowboy Junkies (#93); and Advice for the Young at Heart by Tears for Fears (#95).

Died on this date
Ray Goulding, 68
. U.S. comedian. Mr. Goulding was half of the comedy duo Bob and Ray, who were popular on American radio from 1946-1987. Mr. Goulding died four days after his 68th birthday.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 @ Quebec 3 (OT)

10 years ago
2005


Abominations
The U.S. Supreme Court denied an appeal from the parents of Florida resident Terri Schiavo to have a feeding tube reinserted into the severely brain-damaged woman.

March 23, 2015

240 years ago
1775


Politics and government
Patrick Henry called for America's independence from Britain, saying "Give me liberty, or give me death!" in an address to the Virginia Provincial Convention at St. John's Episcopal Church in Richmond.

150 years ago
1865


Defense
The British Parliament voted £50,000 for Canadian defense, after the Union ship Kearsarge sank the U.K.-built Confederate ship Alabama during the U.S. Civil War.

130 years ago
1885


War
In the Sino-French War, Chinese forces won the Battle of Phu Lam Tao near Hung Hoa in northern Vietnam.

90 years ago
1925


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal Canadiens (NHL) 1 Victoria Cougars (WCHL) 3 @ Vancouver (Victoria led best-of-five series 2-0)

The game was played at Denman Arena in Vancouver instead of Patrick Arena in Victoria because of a huge demand for tickets.

80 years ago
1935


Law
The Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines was signed.

75 years ago
1940


Politics and government
A slate of candidates supporting U.S. Vice President John Nance "Cactus Jack" Garner for the 1940 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States was filed in California, challenging the slate filed in favour of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

The New Zealand Labour Party began a meeting in Wellington to determine its stance toward the European war.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau ruled that Allied money advanced to U.S. industry for expansion was a gift, and thus not taxable.

Hockey
NHL
Kilby MacDonald, a left wing with the New York Rangers, was named the winner of the Calder Trophy as the top rookie for the 1939-40 season after scoring 15 goals and 13 assists in 44 games.

70 years ago
1945


War
The United States House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate a bill to extend the Selective Service Act for one year beyond May 15, 1945. Soviet troops reached the Baltic coast between Danzig and Gdynia, splitting the German forces defending the two ports. U.S. forces in the Philippines advanced to within 10 miles of Baguio, the summer capital of Luzon.

Politics and government
The French cabinet said that French Indochina would get partial self-government after the end of World War II, and that its citizens would be declared citizens of the "French Union," which would include France and all parts of "the imperial community."

The United States Senate rejected the nomination of Aubrey Williams as Rural Electrification Administration administrator after a heated debate over his alleged Communist connections, particularly his service with the Southern Conference for Human Welfare.

Medicine
Dr. Norbert Fell of Parke, Davis, & Company secured a patent on a method to control hay fever, asthma, and similar allergies by use of an anitgen for building resistance to allergic reactions.

Health
The United States Census Bureau reported that the death rate from cancer in the U.S. had more than doubled since 1900.

60 years ago
1955


Died on this date
Artur da Silva Bernardes, 79
. 12th President of Brazil, 1922-1926. Mr. Bernardes was Governor of Minas Gerais from 1918-1922 before taking office as President, where he faced a military rebellion and spent much of his reign under a state of siege.

50 years ago
1965


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Masquerade, with guest stars Norma Crane and Edward Asner

Space
Gemini 3, the first U.S. two-man mission, with Gus Grissom (Command Pilot) and John Young (Pilot) aboard, lifted off from Cape Kennedy, Florida and splashed down almost 5 hours later after completing 3 Earth orbits.





Journalism
The first issue of the Sudanese English-language newspaper The Vigilant was published in Khartoum.

40 years ago
1975


Diplomacy
Peace talks between Israel and Egypt broke down, and U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger returned to the United States.

Baseball
The Cleveland Indians, trailing 7-1 after 4 1/2 innings, scored at least 2 runs in each of their last 4 innings to defeat the Milwaukee Brewers 12-8 in a spring training game before 6,249 fans in Tucson, Arizona, the largest crowd ever to see the Indians play there. The main attraction was the first appearance of new Cleveland manager Frank Robinson as a player; he flied out, walked, and scored a run as the Indians' designated hitter before pinch hitting for himself with Leron Lee, who batted 3 for 3 with a double and 3 runs. Hank Aaron, in his first year with the MIlwaukee, started as the Brewers' designated hitter and batted 1 for 2, doubling in a run.

George "Doc" Medich allowed just 4 hits in 7 innings as the New York Yankees blanked the Detroit Tigers 5-0 in a spring training game before 5,451 fans in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Alex Johnson's 2-run home run off Detroit starting pitcher Vern Ruhle in the 2nd inning gave the Yankees all the runs they needed.

The Montreal Expos scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Texas Rangers 8-7 in a spring training game before 2,157 fans in Daytona Beach, Florida. Bob Bailey led the Expos with a single, double, home run, and 3 runs batted in, while Gary Carter also homered for Montreal. Jeff Burroughs hit 2 home runs for Texas.

In what turned out to be a preview of the 1975 World Series matchup, the Cincinnati Reds scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning as they defeated the Boston Red Sox 7-3 in a spring training game before 4,528 fans in Tampa, Florida. Johnny Bench hit a 2-run home run for the Reds, while former Red Deron Johnson, playing left field, hit a solo homer for Boston. Gary Nolan, who had missed almost two full seasons because of arm trouble, allowed 7 hits and 3 runs--2 earned--in getting the win on the mound for the Reds. Don Aase allowed 6 hits and 5 runs--2 earned--in taking the loss.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Una Storia Importante--Eros Ramazzotti (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): This is Not America--David Bowie and the Pat Metheny Group (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Easy Lover--Philip Bailey (with Phil Collins)

#1 single in the U.K.: Easy Lover--Philip Bailey (with Phil Collins)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Can't Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Can't Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon (2nd week at #1)
2 Material Girl--Madonna
3 One More Night--Phil Collins
4 The Heat is On--Glenn Frey
5 Careless Whisper--Wham!
6 Lovergirl--Teena Marie
7 Too Late for Goodbyes--Julian Lennon
8 California Girls--David Lee Roth
9 Sugar Walls--Sheena Easton
10 Private Dancer--Tina Turner

Singles entering the chart were We are the World by USA for Africa (#14); Everything She Wants by Wham! (#44); Vox Humania by Kenny Loggins (#53); Suddenly by Billy Ocean (#62); Just a Gigolo/I Ain't Got Nobody by David Lee Roth (#75); Baby Come and Get It by the Pointer Sisters (#77); Fresh by Kool & The Gang (#78); Things Can Only Get Better by Howard Jones (#82); 'Til My Baby Comes Home by Luther Vandross (#83); Swear by Sheena Easton (#87); and Never Ending Story by Limahl (#88).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 One More Night--Phil Collins
2 Neutron Dance--Pointer Sisters
3 Shout--Tears for Fears
4 I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner
5 Careless Whisper--Wham! featuring George Michael
6 Easy Lover--Philip Bailey (with Phil Collins)
7 Solid--Ashford & Simpson
8 You're the Inspiration--Chicago
9 Can't Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
10 Jungle Love--The Time

Singles entering the chart were Tears are Not Enough by Northern Lights (#69); Smooth Operator by Sade (#83); Rock and Roll Girls by John Fogerty (#85); That was Yesterday by Foreigner (#88); (Make Me Do) Anything You Want by Helix (#94); Emotion by Barbra Streisand (#98); and Welcome to the Pleasuredome by Frankie Goes to Hollywood (#99).

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. government ordered Western diplomats to leave Lithuania and restricted entry of foreigners into that country.

World events
The Nicaraguan Contras agreed to dismantle their camps in Honduras; those in Nicaragua would gather in United Nations-supervised security zones until they were absorbed into civilian life.

Politics and government
Manitoba Premier Gary Filmon said that he would not ask his province’s legislature to approve the Meech Lake Canadian constitutional accord until its "flaws" had been addressed. In Quebec, Premier Robert Bourassa reiterated his refusal to negotiate any other constitutional changes until Meech Lake was ratified, adding that any attempt by the other provinces to discuss a companion agreement without Quebec’s participation would be "an anti-Quebec strategy."

Environment
The day after being found guilty in an Alaska court of negligent discharge of oil when the oil tanker Exxon Valdez dumped 11 million gallons of oil into Prince William Sound in 1989, the ship’s captain, Joseph Hazelwood, was sentenced to 1,000 hours of community service and ordered to make a "token restitution" of $50,000 over time.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Club Bizarre--U96 (3rd week at #1)

10 years ago
2005


Disasters
During a test on a distillation tower at British Petroleum's refinery in Texas City, Texas, liquid waste built up and flowed out of a blowout tower. Waste fumes ignited and exploded, killing 15 workers and injuring more than 170.