Tuesday, July 7, 2015

July 7, 2015

150 years ago
1865


Died on this date
Mary Surratt, 42 or 45
; George Atzerodt, 30; David Herold, 23; Lewis Powell, 21. U.S. conspirators. Mrs. Surratt and Messrs. Atzerodt, Herold, and Powell were hanged for their parts in the conspiracy to assassinate U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, who died on April 15, 1865, hours after being shot by John Wilkes Booth. Mr. Powell had attempted to assassinate Secretary of State William Seward, but Mr. Seward had survived. The conspirators were hanged simultaneously at the Washington Arsenal in Washington, D.C.

125 years ago
1890


Died on this date
Henri Nestlé, 75
. German-born Swiss businessman. Mr. Nestlé, born Heinrich Nestle, was one of the creators of condensed milk, and founded the Farine Lactée Henri Nestlé company in 1866.

100 years ago
1915


Died on this date
Henry Pedris, 26
. Ceylonese militia officer. Captain Pedris was executed by a British firing squad in Colombo, six days after a court martial, for allegedly inciting racial riots. A subsequent inquiry cleared him of the charges. The execution of Captain Pedris helped to spur Ceylon's independence movement.

War
The First Battle of the Isonzo in Italy ended in a tactical victory for Austro-Hungarian forces over Italian forces.

Disasters
An International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashed near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.

90 years ago
1925


Died on this date
Clarence H. White, 54
. U.S. photographer. Mr. White was one of the leading photographers of American scenes in the 1890s and 1900s. He died of a heart attack in Mexico.

80 years ago
1935


Baseball
Lou Gehrig hit a grand slam and drove in 5 runs, and Tony Lazzeri hit a 3-run home run and drove in 6 runs as the New York Yankees whipped the Washington Nationals 11-1 before 10,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington.

St. Louis Browns' pitchers handed out 11 bases on balls as the Browns lost 12-5 to the Detroit Tigers before 15,000 fans at Navin Field in Detroit. Hank Greenberg hit a double and triple for the Tigers and drove in 3 runs, giving him 100 RBIs for the season. Moose Solters hit home runs in his first 3 plate appearances to account for all the Browns' runs. The win was the 10th straight for the Tigers. Amazingly, the game was completed in 1 hour and 57 minutes.

Dizzy and Daffy Dean were the respective winning pitchers as the St. Louis Cardinals swept a doubleheader from the Cincinnati Reds 9-4 and 5-1 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Dizzy relieved Jesse Haines in the 4th inning of game 1, and singled as part of a 5-run 5th inning. Daffy pitched a 7-hitter in game 2, which was completed in 1 hour and 40 minutes.

Mel Ott's grand slam helped Carl Hubbell to his 10th win of the season as the New York Giants beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 9-2 at the Polo Grounds in New York to take a 6½-game lead in the National League at the all-star break.

75 years ago
1940


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ringo Starr!

World events
U.S. Marines arrested 16 armed Japanese gendarmes for trespasssing on U.S. property in Shanghai.

Diplomacy
Reports from London indicated that the U.S.S.R. had told Japan that it desired to keep the Burma Road open.

Politics and government
Voters in Mexico chose between Manuel Ávila Camacho of the Institutional Revolutionary Party and Juan Andreu Almazán of the National Action Party (with support from the Laborist Party) in the country's presidential election, with the results to be announced six days later.

The All-India National Congress demanded that the United Kingdom state unequivocally that she would grant India total independence.

Argentiine police allegedly uncovered plans for a pro-Nazi insurrection.

Abominations
Romanian Culture Minister Horia Sima prohibited Jewish actors and musicians from performing in public.

Baseball
At a meeting of National League club owners in St. Louis, NL President Ford Frick proposed batting helmets for hitters, admitting that he'd received a lukewarm response from managers and players he'd polled on the subject.

The Boston Bees swept a doubleheader from the Brooklyn Dodgers 1-0 and 2-1 before 21,928 fans at National League Park in Boston. Manuel Salvo outdueled Whit Wyatt in the first game, while Dick Coffman was the winning pitcher in the second game.

The Cincinnati Reds edged the Chicago Cubs 4-3 before 23,193 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago to move past the Brooklyn Dodgers into first place in the National League.

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sentimental Journey--Les Brown and his Band of Renown (6th week at #1)

War
The 10 P.M. curfew that had prevailed at the U.S. naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii since the Japanese attack of December 7, 1941 was lifted.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman sailed from Newport News, Virginia aboard the USS Augusta, bound for the Potsdam Conference outside Berlin with U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin.

Defense
France yielded to Syrian and Lebanese demands that native troops recruited into the French Army be released to become part of their countries' national armies.

Politics and government
The Fourth People's Political Council opened in Chungking without the Chinese Communist Party, who refused to participate.

Society
U.S. National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peoples Secretary Walter White said that "a few Marines have been throwing bricks, empty beer bottles...and grenades and smoke bombs into camps occupied by Negro Navy men" on an important Pacific Island recently, resulting in riots and several deaths.

Crime
The U.S. Office of Price Administration announced that counterfeit coupons valued at eight million points had passed over national meat counters in the last month.

Business
The U.S. House of Representatives Small Business Committee reported that the Diamond Match Company and Swedish Match Company "apparently control" the world market in a cartel arrangement.

50 years ago
1965


Died on this date
Moshe Sharett, 70
. Prime Minister of Israel, 1954-1955. Mr. Sharett, born Moshe Shertok in what is now Ukraine, was Israel's first Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1948-1956, and served as Prime Minister between David Ben-Gurion's two terms.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
Edward Beechay
. U.S. racetrack official. Mr. Beechay worked at Pocono Downs race track at Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania. He died a week after suffering a fractured skull when hit by a harness horse that crashed through a fence. The horse and its jockey sustained only minor injuries.

Ruffian, 3. U.S. race horse. Ruffian was a filly who was undefeated when she ran against Kentucky Derby winner in a match race at Belmont Park, New York on July 6. She was leading when she broke her leg, and was euthanized when surgery proved unsuccessful.

Politics and government
Ed Broadbent was chosen leader of Canada's New Democratic Party on the fourth ballot at the party's leadership convention in Winnipeg, replacing the retiring David Lewis. Mr. Broadbent, who had run unsuccessfully for the leadership in 1971, polled 984 votes to 658 for Rosemary Brown and 313 for John Harney.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): 19--Paul Hardcastle

#1 single in France (SNEP): Éthiopie--Chanteurs sans Frontières (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: 19--Paul Hardcastle (4th week at #1)

Tennis
Unseeded Boris Becker, 17, of West Germany, became the youngest Wimbledon champion ever and the first unseeded player to win, firing 21 aces in the final to defeat Kevin Curren, 27, of South Africa, 6-3, 6-7, 7-6, 6-4.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (0-1) 22 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 46

Jack Gotta was the winner in his first game as head coach of the Roughriders as they defeated the Rough Riders at Taylor Field in Regina.

25 years ago
1990

Hit parade

#1 single in Australia (ARIA): It Must Have Been Love--Roxette

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un' Estate Italiana--Edoardo Bennato; Gianna Nannini (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mi Abuela--Wilfred y la Gagna

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): What's a Woman?--Vaya con Dios (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Maldòn--Zouk Machine (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What's a Woman?--Vaya con Dios (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Sacrifice/Healing Hands--Elton John (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Step by Step--New Kids on the Block (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Step By Step--New Kids on the Block (3rd week at #1)
2 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
3 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
4 Ready Or Not--After 7
5 I’ll Be Your Shelter--Taylor Dayne
6 Hold On--En Vogue
7 Cradle of Love--Billy Idol
8 She Ain’t Worth It--Glenn Medeiros featuring Bobby Brown
9 Poison--Bell Biv DeVoe
10 Hold On--Wilson Phillips

Singles entering the chart were Come Back to Me by Janet Jackson (#50); Unskinny Bop by Poison (#53); Love and Emotion by Stevie B (#60); Close to You by Maxi Priest (#75); Do Me! by Bell Biv DeVoe (#80); I'm Never Gonna Give You Up by Brat Pack (#85); and A Dream's a Dream by Soul II Soul (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
2 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
3 Vogue--Madonna
4 Step by Step--New Kids on the Block
5 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
6 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
7 Baby It's Tonight--Jude Cole
8 I’ll Be Your Shelter--Taylor Dayne
9 Children of the Night--Richard Marx
10 Dangerous Times--Sue Medley

Singles entering the chart were Cuts Both Ways by Gloria Estefan (#62); Vision of Love by Mariah Carey (#75); When I Dream of You by Tommy Page (#79); Crazy Love by Blvd. (#80); Come Back to Me by Janet Jackson (#84); What Do People Know by Poco (#85); Possession by Bad English (#88); Hold On by En Vogue (#89); The Power by Snap! (#91); It's Not Love by Shari Ulrich (#93); and Love Letter by Bonnie Raitt (#96).

Politics and government
The Albanian regime of President Ramiz Alia dismissed hard-liners from the Workers’ (Communist) Party Politburo.

20 years ago
1995


Space
The U.S. space shuttle Atlantis landed at Cape Canaveral, Florida, concluding mission STS-71. U.S. astronaut Norman Thagard, who returned aboard Atlantis after flying to the Russian space station Mir aboard a Russian spacecraft in March, set a U.S. record of 115 days in space, 112 aboard Mir.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that unemployment had edged downward in June from 5.7%-5.6%, and that employers had added 215,000 payroll jobs.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (2-0) 31 @ Memphis (0-2) 13
Edmonton (2-0) 26 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 19 (OT)

Cory Philpot rushed for 2 touchdowns and Danny McManus threw touchdown passes to Stefan Ptaszek and Darren Flutie as the Lions defeated the Mad Dogs before 14,278 fans at the Liberty Bowl in the first Canadian Football League game ever played in Memphis.

Chris Vargas scored a touchdown on a 1-yard quarterback sneak with 44 seconds remaining in the first half of overtime to break a 19-19 tie as the Eskimos overcame a 16-3 deficit to defeat the Roughriders before 23,584 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Saskatchewan led 16-6 in the 3rd quarter when the game was interrupted for 36 minutes by a thunderstorm. The delay seemed to help the Eskimos, and after Sean Fleming kicked his third field goal of the game to make the score 16-9 after 3 quarters, the Eskimos tied the game at 2:12 of the 4th quarter on a 100-yard TD pass from Mr. Vargas to Lucius Floyd, converted by Mr. Fleming. Saskatchewan kicker Dave Ridgway and Mr. Fleming then exchanged field goals before the end of regulation time.

10 years ago
2005


Terrorism
A series of four explosions occurred on London's transport system, killing 56 people--including four suicide bombers--and injuring over 700 others.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-1) 21 @ Winnipeg (0-3) 15

Monday, July 6, 2015

July 6, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ancamaria!

600 years ago
1415


Died on this date
Jan Hus, 45 (?)
. Czech religious reformer. Mr. Hus was a Roman Catholic priest who criticized the immorality of Roman Catholic clergy and corrupt practices such as the sale of indulgences. He was condemned as a heretic by the Council of Constance and was burned at the stake, immediately entering into the presence of his Lord and saviour Jesus Christ. Mr. Hus was a key predecessor to the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century, and the Moravian Church traces its roots to him, and July 6 is observed as the public holiday Jan Hus Day in the Czech Republic. The Roman Catholic Church is still at large, and the doctrines that Mr. Hus opposed are still in place.

480 years ago
1535

Died on this date
Thomas More, 57
. English lawyer, diplomat, and author. Mr. More, a staunch Roman Catholic who had led the persecution of William Tyndale for translating the Bible into English, was beheaded for treason for refusing to join the Church of England under the headship of King Henry VIII. His best-known book was Utopia (1516).

150 years ago
1865


Journalism
The first issue of the American magazine The Nation was published.

130 years ago
1885

Medicine

Louis Pasteur successfully tested his vaccine against rabies on Joseph Meister, a boy who had been bitten by a rabid dog.

90 years ago
1925


Economics and finance
The governments of Canada and the British West Indies signed a new trade agreement.

80 years ago
1935


Aviation
The Fairchild 82A bush plane, Canadian-designed successor to the FC-2W-2, made its first flight at Montreal.

75 years ago
1940


War
A Gallup Poll revealed a 5% decrease in support by U.S. voters since June 14 for American entry into the European war.

Australiana
Story Bridge, a major landmark in Brisbane, as well as Australia's longest cantilever bridge, was formally opened.

Italiana
Italy proposed a law to encourage repatriated Italians from abroad to colonize the nation's African possessions.

Diplomacy
British authorities temporarily suspended air and sea traffic to Indochina.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt urged a Monroe Doctrine for Europe and Asia so that all nations could determine their own fate.

The United States Justice Department ordered an examination of 18,000 aliens in the U.S. to determine how many may be agents of foreign governments.

Politics and government
At a meeting in Hyde Park, New York lasting three hours, U.S. President Roosevelt revealed to Postmaster General James Farley, under a pledge of secrecy, plans for his third term as President.

Science
Enrico Fermi obtained a patent for a method of transforming one chemical element into another by bombardment of atoms with neutrons.

Defense
Charles L. Kee reported the invention of a control and bombing device which improved the accuracy of bombers.

Economics and finance
The Japanese government issued a decree prohibiting the manufacture and sale of luxuries because of defense needs.

70 years ago
1945


War
Radio reports from London said that the Norwegian government had announced in Oslo that it had been in a state of war against Japan since December 7, 1941, but that the formal announcement had been withheld until the return of the government to home soil. U.S. Superfortresses dropped 4,000 tons of incendiary bombs on targets at Kofu, Chiba, and Akashi on the Japanese island of Honshu, destroying 43%-65% of the target areas. Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek predicted that the coming year would bring great results, including a landing in Japan.

Diplomacy
The U.S.A., U.K., and U.S.S.R. agreed upon three principles governing war crimes trials: 1) the accused shall have a fair hearing; 2) they can develop their own defense; 3) the trials shall not be subjected to obstructionist tactics by the defense.

French leader General Charles de Gaulle accepted U.S. President Harry Truman's invitation to visit Washington.

Polish leaders in London said they would not surrender documents or Polish property to anyone.

Nicaragua officially ratified the United Nations Charter.

Defense
U.S. Navy Admiral Jonas Ingram told Brazil that all naval bases in that country occupied by the United States would be returned to Brazil by July 8.

Politics and government
Argentine President Edelmiro Farrel called elections for the end of the year, promising they would be absolutely free.

The All-India Congress submitted to U.K. Viceroy Wavell 15 a list of 15 candidates from which its representatives to the proposed reorganized Indian government were to be chosen.

The U.S. administration of President Harry Truman announced that Fred Vinson would replace Henry Morgenthau as Secretary of the Treasury.

Religion
The Vatican excommunicated Most Rev. Don Carlos Duarte de la Costa, bishop of Maura in Brazil, for preaching revolutionary practices.

Baseball
Tommy Holmes set a modern National League record by hitting safely in 34 straight games as he hit a single, double, and home run in the first game, and 3 doubles in the second game, helping the Boston Braves sweep a doubleheader from the Pittsburgh Pirates 13-5 and 14-8 before 8,025 fans at Braves Field.

The Washington Nationals scored 5 runs in the top of the 1st inning and coasted to a 6-3 win over the St. Louis Browns in the first game of a doubleheader before 13,801 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Alex Carrasquel pitched 7 scoreless innings in relief of Sandy Ullrich as the Nationals completed the sweep with a 5-2 win in the second game.

60 years ago
1955


Boxing
Floyd Patterson (23-1), a light heavyweight, knocked out heavyweight Archie McBride (26-10) at 1:46 of the 7th round of their bout at Madison Square Garden in New York.

50 years ago
1965


Politics and government
The United States Senate passed the U.S. presidential disability and vice-presidential vacancy resolution; ratification by 38 of 50 states within seven years was necessary in order for the proposed amendment--regarding what happens if the President of the United States becomes incapacitated and unable to carry on the functions of the office--to become part of the United States Constitution.

Economics and finance
France recalled its permanent representative from the European Economic Community, and announced a boycott of European Economic Community Council meetings "for the moment."

40 years ago
1975


Africana
The Comoros declared independence from France.

Weather
A hailstone weighing 249 grams fell near Wetaskiwin, Alberta.

Horse racing
In a heralded 1 1/4-mile match against Kentucky Derby winner Foolish Pleasure at Belmont Park, New York, Ruffian, a popular and hitherto undefeated 3-year-old filly, broke down about three-eighths of a mile into the race and had to be destroyed after surgery.

Baseball
J.R. Richard allowed 4 hits and struck out 9 batters in 6 2/3 innings and drove in 2 runs with a home run and a single to lead the Houston Astros over the Atlanta Braves 6-2 before 3,728 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

Mike Jorgensen's 2-run home run was the key hit as the Montreal Expos scored 3 runs in the 8th inning and defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 4-3 before 23,967 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored in every inning except the 9th as they outslugged the Chicago Cubs 18-12 in the first game of a scheduled doubleheader before 28,023 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The second game was rained out.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored 4 runs in the 1st inning and Doug Rau pitched a 3-hit complete game--allowing no hits through 7 innings--in a 5-1 win over the San Francisco Giants before 33,235 fans at Dodger Stadium.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 3 runs in each of the first 2 innings, 2 in the 4th, and 5 in the 6th as they routed the San Diego Padres 13-2 before 16,932 fans at San Diego Stadium. Clay Kirby allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in getting the win, following Fred Norman from the previous day in being the second ex-Padre with the Reds to beat his former team in as many days.

The Boston Red Sox scored 4 runs in the top of the 2nd inning and held on to defeat the Cleveland Indians 5-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before a Bat Day crowd of 58,781 at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. The Red Sox scored 5 runs in the top of the 2nd in the second game, but the Indians came back to win 11-10.

Willie Horton had 3 hits in the first game and 2 in the second game, while Ron LeFlore had 2 hits in the 1st game and 3 in the second game as the Detroit Tigers swept a doubleheader from the Milwaukee Brewers 7-5 and 11-2 before 24,019 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Clyde Wright and Gaylord Perry each posted his first win in a Texas uniform as the Rangers swept a doubleheader from the Minnesota Twins 4-2 and 7-0 before 14,211 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

Dick Lange, Andy Hassler, and Don Kirkwood combined for a 6-hit shutout as the California Angels posted their second straight 2-0 win over the Oakland Athletics before 9,324 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Vida Blue pitched a complete game in defeat, allowing just 5 hits and 2 earned runs and striking out 9.

Ellis Valentine hit 2 home runs and Hal Breeden also homered as the Memphis Blues defeated the Toledo Mud Hens 9-7 in an International League game. Joe Keener was the winning pitcher, with relief help from Ron Diorio and Bob Gebhard.

The Evansville Triplets swept an American Association doubleheader from the Omaha Royals 5-3 and 3-1. Boots Day hit a solo home run for the Triplets in the first game, and Ed Kurpiel's grand slam in the 7th made the difference, offsetting solo home runs by Frank Ortenzio, Jamie Quirk, and John Wathan. Chip Swanson and Gene Pentz combined for a 7-hit victory in the first game, while Bill Slayback and Steve Grilli combined for an 8-hit win in the second game.

Officials with the Jalisco Charros of the Mexican League announced that Vinicio Garcia had resigned as manager because of illness, but Mr. Garcia claimed he had been fired. He was replaced by Ossie Alvarez.

John Morris pitched a 7-inning no-hitter as the Newark Co-Pilots blanked the Oneonta Yankees 10-0 in the second game of a Class A New York-Pennsylvania League doubleheader in Oneonta, New York. The Co-Pilots were a farm team of the Milwaukee Brewers.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): A View to a Kill--Duran Duran (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): 19--Paul Hardcastle (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Frankie--Sister Sledge (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Frankie--Sister Sledge (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sussudio--Phil Collins

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sussudio--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)
2 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
3 Raspberry Beret--Prince and the Revolution
4 Heaven--Bryan Adams
5 Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
6 In My House--Mary Jane Girls
7 Angel--Madonna
8 Would I Lie to You?--Eurythmics
9 Everytime You Go Away--Paul Young
10 Voices Carry--’Til Tuesday

Singles entering the chart were We Don't Need Another Hero (Thunderdome) by Tina Turner (#48); Invincible by Pat Benatar (#65); Mystery Lady by Billy Ocean (#69); Life in One Day by Howard Jones (#73); Cherish by Kool & The Gang (#79); and Lay it Down by Ratt (#85). We Don't Need Another Hero (Thunderdome) was from the movie Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome (1985), in which Miss Turner co-starred.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Never Surrender--Corey Hart
2 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
3 Walking On Sunshine--Katrina and the Waves
4 Axel F--Harold Faltermeyer
5 Would I Lie to You?--Eurythmics
6 Black Cars--Gino Vannelli
7 Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
8 Suddenly--Billy Ocean
9 Angel--Madonna
10 Sussudio--Phil Collins

Singles entering the chart were Take on Me by A-Ha (#74); Head Over Heels by Tears for Fears (#80); Invincible by Pat Benatar (#82); Cry by Godley and Creme (#86); Wave Babies by Honeymoon Suite (#90); People Get Ready by Jeff Beck and Rod Stewart (#93); Call Me by Rational Youth (#94); and Deep Cuts the Knife by Helix (#96).

Football
CFL
British Columbia (1-0) 42 @ Hamilton (0-1) 8

Tim Cowan came off the bench in relief of injured B.C. starting quarterback Roy Dewalt and completed 25 of 36 passes for 386 yards and touchdown passes to John Pankratz, Ron Robinson, Keyvan Jenkins, and Merv Fernandez. Mr. Jenkins recovered teammate Jim Sandusky’s fumble for another B.C. score, and John Henry White rushed 1 yard for another Lion touchdown. Jeff Tedford, making his first start after two years as a backup quarterback, completed 11 of 15 passes for 138 yards and a touchdown to Steve Stapler that gave the Tiger-Cats an early 7-0 lead, but Mr. Tedford and backup Pete Gales produced just 5 first downs and 94 yards net offense before just 13,101 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

25 years ago
1990


Politics and government
Although his Socialist party had won parliamentary elections in June, Bulgarian President Petar Mladenov resigned his office. Student protesters had set up a tent city in Sofia to protest his rule.

Protest
Riot police closed off the embassy district in the Albanian capital of Tirana and attacked 10,000 demonstrators. Thousands of Albanians were seeking refuge in foreign embassies.

Defense
Two days of North Atlantic Treaty Organization meetings concluded in London with the approval of some shifts in strategy that reflected the easing of tensions in Europe. The leaders agreed to scale back the number of troops in a front-line position. NATO’s leaders, including U.S. President George Bush, declared that their nuclear arms were "truly weapons of the last resort," essentially renouncing the possibility of using nuclear weapons in response to an attack by conventional forces. The United States said that it would be willing to withdraw all of its nuclear-tipped artillery shells if the Soviet Union did the same. The leaders invited Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and other leaders of the dissolving Soviet bloc to address NATO.

Abominations
Louisiana Governor Buddy Roemer vetoed a bill that banned all abortions except to save the life of the mother. Mr. Roemer said that he vetoed the bill because it made no exception for victims of rape or incest.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate had edged downward to 5.2% in May, but added that few new jobs had been created and that the labour force was increasing only slowly.

Disasters
A burst pipe at the National Archives of Canada in Ottawa damaged 100 atlases dating between 1490-1600; 2,000 books; and a collection of 150-year-old manuscripts.

Baseball
Whitey Herzog, in his 11th season as manager of the St. Louis Cardinals, resigned with the team in 6th and last place in the National League East Division with a record of 33-47. It turned out to be the end of Mr. Herzog’s 18-year major league managerial career; he finished with a regular season record of 1281-1125-1, a winning percentage of .532. Mr. Herzog piloted the Kansas City Royals to divisional pennants in 1976-1978 and the St. Louis Cardinals to a World Series win in 1982 and a National League pennant in 1987. Red Schoendienst, who had managed the team from 1965-1980 (resigning after 37 games in 1980) took over as Mr. Herzog’s temporary replacement.

20 years ago
1995


War
Bosnian Serbs under the command of General Ratko Mladić began an attack on the Bosnian town of Srebrenica and killed more than 8000 Bosniaks in what United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali called "the worst crime on European soil since the Second World War."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board cut the federal funds rate--the interest rate charged by banks on overnight loans to each other--from 6%-5.75%, the first cut in a key interest rate since 1992.

The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had declined for the fourth straight month, dropping 0.2% in May--the longest slide since a six-month decline during the 1989 recession.

Business
Dennis Bennie sold Delrina Corporation to Symantec Corporation in a U.S.$415-million deal that would cost the jobs of almost 25% of the software company's 730 employees.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (1-1) 24 @ Toronto (1-1) 37

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Claude Simon, 91
. Malagasy-born French author. Mr. Simon was awarded the 1985 Nobel Prize in Literature for combining "...the poet's and the painter's creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition."

L. Patrick Gray, 89. U.S. law enforcement official. Mr. Gray succeeded J. Edgar Hoover as director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation from 1972-1973. He was nominated by President Richard Nixon to be the FBI's permanent director, but failed to win Senate confirmation, and resigned on April 27, 1973, after admitting to destroying documents received on June 28, 1972, 11 days after the break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C.

Evan Hunter, aka Ed McBain, 78. U.S. author. Mr. Hunter, born Salvatore Lombino, legally changed his name to Evan Hunter, but was best known for writing a series of "87th Precinct" crime novels under the name Ed McBain.

Journalism
New York Times reporter Judith Miller was jailed after refusing to testify before a grand jury investigating the leak of an undercover Central Intelligance Agancy operative's name.

Olympics
The International Olympic Committee announced that London would host the 2012 Summer Olympic Games.

Sunday, July 5, 2015

July 5, 2015

150 years ago
1865


Religion
William Booth, a Methodist minister, founded the Christian Mission--renamed the Salvation Army in 1878--in London.

130 years ago
1885


Communications
Prince Edward Island founded its own telephone company.

100 years ago
1915


Edmontonia
The Hotel Macdonald opened for business.

Americana
The Liberty Bell left Philadelphia by special train on its way to the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco. This is the last trip outside Philadelphia that the custodians of the bell intend to permit.

80 years ago
1935


Labour
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act, which allowed labour to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining.

Baseball
Every man in the Brooklyn Dodgers' lineup had at least one hit as they beat the New York Giants 14-4 at the Polo Grounds in New York.

Hank Greenberg had 4 hits (including 2 home runs), 4 runs, and 4 runs batted in as the Detroit Tigers whipped the St. Louis Browns 16-1 before 11,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Vic Sorrell pitched a 7-hit complete game victory. St. Louis starter Russ Van Atta lasted just 1/3 inning, allowing 3 hits, a base on balls, and 4 runs--2 earned--in dropping to 0-9 for the season. He was relieved by Dick Coffman, who allowed 12 hits and 12 runs--11 earned--in 7 2/3 innings.

75 years ago
1940


War
Germany published secret Allied documents from earlier in 1940 detailing plans for an attack on the Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus. The British Admiralty established a loose blockade of the French island of Martinique to prevent the removal of French warships. Italian forces occupied Kassola and Gallabat in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Sweden granted Germany the right to transport war materiel and troops over Swedish railroads to Norway.

Diplomacy
The Vichy regime in France led by Marshal Philippe Petain severed diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom because of the July 3 attack by the British Royal Navy upon the French fleet at Mers El Kébir.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that five freedoms must be achieved world peace: Freedom from fear; freedom from want; freedom of information; freedom of religion; and freedom of expression.

The U.S. State Department warned Germany not to permit its representatives in the United States to publicly comment on U.S. policies.

Politics and government
Supporters of U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) opened headquarters in Chicago to promote his campaign for the 1940 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States.

Religion
The World Congress of Faiths, including representatives of Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Judaism, and Islam, opened in London.

Baseball
In a game that lasted 5 hours and 19 minutes, the Brooklyn Dodgers beat the Boston Bees 6-2 in 20 innings before 3,881 fans at National League Park in Boston.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
John Curtin, 60
. Prime Minister of Australia, 1941-1945. Mr. Curtin was first elected to Parliament in 1928, and was elected leader of the Labour Party in 1935. He became Prime Minister of a minority government in 1941, and led Labour to a landslide victory in the 1943 federal election. Mr. Curtin died of heart disease.

War
The liberation of the Philippines was declared by U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur. The United States War Department announced that General Carl Spaatz would be commander of a newly-created U.S. Army Strategic Air Force in the Pacific to direct the Superfortress attacks against Japan. Japanese troops recaptured the Chinese city of Tinpak, 170 miles southwest of Canton.

Diplomacy
The U.S.A. and U.K. announced recognition of the Polish regime in Warsaw; Arthur Bliss Lane was named U.S. Ambassador to the new government.

Politics and government
Henry Morgenthau announced his resignation as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, effective upon President Harry Truman returned from the Potsdam Conference in August.

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Postwar Military Policy recommended that Congress adopt universal military training, stating that the program was essential to world security.

Journalism
Censorship of the press was reestablished in Argentina.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman signed the Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act, extending it to June 12, 1947.

Business
The U.S. military government in Germany seized the management, assets, and 24 plants of chemical industry combine I.G. Farben.

Law
Owen Roberts announced his resignation as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States effective July 31, 1945.

Thurman Arnold resigned as associate justice of the U.S. District Court of Appeals to resume his private law practice and workd for "liberalism in business."

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Poupée De Cire, Poupée De Son--France Gall (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Crying In The Chapel--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Wonderful World--Herman's Hermits
2 Cara, Mia--Jay & the Americans
3 Walkin' with My Angel--Bobby Curtola
4 I'm Henry VIII I Am--Herman's Hermits
5 Tossin' and Turnin'--The Guess Who
6 Seventh Son--Johnny Rivers
7 What the World Needs Now is Love--Jackie DeShannon
8 A World of Our Own--The Seekers
9 Long Live Love--Sandie Shaw
10 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones

Singles entering the chart were Hard Times with the Law by the Sparrows (#32); Down in the Boondocks by Billy Joe Royal (#33); Oo Wee Baby by Fred Hughes (#34); Here Comes the Night by Them (#35); You'll Never Walk Alone by Gerry & the Pacemakers (#36); Meeting Over Yonder by the Impressions (#37); Theme from "A Summer Place" by the Lettermen (#38); Girl Come Running by the 4 Seasons (#39); and Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me by Mel Carter (#40).

Canadiana
Restoration of the Wolfe-Montcalm Monument in Quebec City began; it had been destroyed by Quebec separatists in 1963.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tornerò--I Santo California (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): If You Go--Barry & Eileen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: I'm Not in Love--10 C.C. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille (2nd week at #1)
2 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
3 Wildfire--Michael Murphey
4 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
5 Love Won't Let Me Wait--Major Harris
6 Magic--Pilot
7 I'm Not Lisa--Jessi Colter
8 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
9 When Will I Be Loved--Linda Ronstadt
10 One of These Nights--The Eagles

Singles entering the chart were Someone Saved My Life Tonight by Elton John (#33); That's the Way of the World by Earth, Wind & Fire (#69); That's When the Music Takes Me by Neil Sedaka (#77); Glasshouse by the Temptations (#82); Hope that We Can Be Together Soon by Sharon Paige and Harold Melvin and the Blue Notes (#84); Get the Cream Off the Top by Eddie Kendricks (#85); Dream Merchant by New Birth (#88); Til the World Ends by Three Dog Night (#89); Can't Give You Anything (But My Love) by the Stylistics (#97); Sure Feels Good by Elvin Bishop (#98); and (Shu-Doo-Pa-Poo-Poop) Love Being Your Fool by Travis Wammack (#99).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Only Women--Alice Cooper
2 Wildfire--Michael Murphey
3 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
4 I'm Not Lisa--Jessi Colter
5 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
6 Old Days--Chicago
7 Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille
8 Hey You--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
9 Magic--Pilot
10 When Will I Be Loved--Linda Ronstadt

Singles entering the chart were Someone Saved My Life Tonight by Elton John (#83); Here Today, Gone Tomorrow by Wednesday (#84); Keep Our Love Alive by Patricia Dahlquist (#91); I Don't Know Why by the Rolling Stones (#92); I'm on Fire by the Dwight Twilley Band (#93); Summer of Our Love by Bruce Miller (#94); Take Me to the River by Syl Johnson (#95); I Know What You Need by A Foot in Coldwater (#96); Got to Get You Into My Life by Blood, Sweat & Tears (#97); Walk on By by Gloria Gaynor (#98); Could it Be Magic by Barry Manilow (#99); and Saturday Night Special by Lynyrd Skynyrd (#100).

Africana
The Cape Verde Islands became independent after 500 years of Portuguese rule.

Politics and government
Former Newfoundland Premier Joey Smallwood was elected leader of the new Liberal Reform Party of Newfoundland and Labrador; as a Liberal, he had served as Premier from the province's admission to Canada in 1949 until 1972.

Tennis
Arthur Ashe became the first Negro man to win a Wimbledon singles title as he defeated Jimmy Connors 6-1, 6-1, 5-7, 6-4 in the final.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-1) 14 @ Toronto (2-0) 15

Rookie defensive tackle Jerry Ellison sacked quarterback Dieter Brock in the Winnipeg end zone for a safety touch with 10:27 remaining in the game to give the Argonauts their win over the Blue Bombers before a CNE Stadium crowd of 34,103, the largest crowd ever to see a CFL pre-season game. The game was the last for Toronto defensive back Billy Cooper, who had entered the league with the Blue Bombers in 1964.

Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates withstood a 4-run rally in the bottom of the 9th inning and held on to edge the Chicago Cubs 5-4 before 22,393 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Pittsburgh relief pitcher Ramon Hernandez struck out Rick Monday for the final out with 2 men on base. Richie Zisk hit 2 home runs for Pittsburgh.

Dennis Blair and Dan Warthen combined to pitch an 8-hit shutout as the Montreal Expos blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 35,141 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. John Curtis and Al Hrabosky combined for a 4-hit shutout as the Cardinals won the second game 1-0; losing pitcher Woodie Fryman allowed just 5 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings.

John Hale hit his first major league home run in the 6th inning to drive in 2 runs and then singled and scored the winning run in the bottom of the 8th as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the San Francisco Giants 5-4 before 36,200 fans at Dodger Stadium.

The Cincinnati Reds took advantage of 2 errors and 2 balks to score 4 unearned runs and defeat the San Diego Padres 6-3 before 49,618 fans at San Diego Stadium, the Padres' largest home crowd ever to date. Former Padre Fred Norman allowed 5 hits and 3 runs--2 earned--to get the win.

Buddy Bell hit 2 home runs--including a grand slam--and a double, driving in 6 runs to help the Cleveland Indians rout the Boston Red Sox 12-2 before 22,361 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.

Ed Figueroa pitched a 4-hit shutout as the California Angels blanked the Oakland Athletics 2-0 before 30,422 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Losing pitcher Stan Bahnsen threw 4 wild pitches in 6 1/3 innings.

Frank White's inside-the-park home run broke a 4-4 tie in the bottom of the 8th inning as the Kansas City Royals beat the Chicago White Sox 6-4 before 20,211 fans at Royals Stadium.

30 years ago
1985


Oddities
The fireworks show scheduled to take place immediately after the July 4 game at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium between the Atlanta Braves and New York Mets didn’t begin until 4:01 A.M. July 5 because the game took 6 hours and 10 minutes to play and included two rain delays. The bizarre hour for the fireworks caused local residents to think that the city was being attacked.

Football
CFL
Toronto (0-1) @ Edmonton (1-0) 23

With the Eskimos trailing 22-18 with less than 3 minutes remaining, quarterback Mat Dunigan marched the Eskimos 68 yards in 90 seconds, only to throw an interception to Dennis Clay on the Argonaut 5-yard line just after a touchdown pass to Dan Kearns had been called back on a penalty. However, Toronto quarterback Condredge Holloway rolled out to his left, and Edmonton linebacker Larry Wruck, playing his first CFL game, got his helmet on the ball and knocked it into the Toronto end zone, where John Dailey, another Eskimo linebacker playing his first CFL game, recovered for a touchdown. The convert put the Eskimos ahead 25-22, but Mr. Holloway marched the Argonauts to the Edmonton 23. Former Eskimo Hank Ilesic, who had missed the convert on the first Toronto touchdown, missed a 35-yard field goal attempt that would have tied the game on the last play. Mr. Holloway completed 26 of 41 passes for 414 yards and 3 touchdowns--2 to Terry Greer and the other to Paul Pearson. Milson Jones scored Edmonton touchdowns on rushes of 1 and 49 yards. Mr. Dunigan completed 24 of 39 passes for 397 yards, but also threw 3 interceptions. Tom Dixon, another player in his first CFL game, kicked 3 converts, a 19-yard field goal, and a 56-yard single. It was the first time since August 11, 1969 that Dave Cutler had not been the Eskimos’ kicker. 40,373 fans at Commonwealth Stadium saw the Eskimos win their 8th straight season opener.

25 years ago
1990


Defense
Leaders of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization began two days of meetings in London.

Law
Gregory Evans reported to the Nova Scotia government that Donald Marshall was due $1.5 million in compensation for spending 11 years in prison for a murder he did not commit.

20 years ago
1995


Law
The Republic of Armenia adopted its constitution, four years after its independence from the U.S.S.R.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
James Stockdale, 81
. U.S. military officer. Vice-Admiral Stockdale was one of the most-highly decorated officers in the history of the United States Navy. He led aerial attacks during the Gulf of Tonkin incident in 1964, was shot down over North Vietnam in 1965, and was a prisoner of war until 1973. Vice-Admiral Stockdale was the vice presidential running mate of Ross Perot, who ran as an independent candidate for President of the United States in 1992.

Saturday, July 4, 2015

July 4, 2015

1,050 years ago
965


Died on this date
Benedict V
. Roman Catholic Pope, 964. Benedict V succeeded John XII as Pope on May 22, 964 and was overthrown by Holy Roman Emperor Otto I and replaced by Leo VIII on June 23.

150 years ago
1865


Literature
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll, was published in the United Kingdom.

120 years ago
1895


Americana
The song America the Beautiful by Katharine Lee Bates was published.

110 years ago
1905


Canadiana
The House of Commons passed a bill establishing Alberta and Saskatchewan as provinces.

75 years ago
1940


War
In a speech to the House of Commons, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill defended the previous day's attack by the Royal Navy on the French fleet at Mers El Kébir, and vowed to "prosecute the war with the utmost vigour."

Politics and government
A pro-German, anti-Semitic cabinet was established in Romania.

Vice President Ramon Castillo was named acting President of Argentina to replace ailing President Roberto Ortiz.

The British government promised to consider dominion status for Burma after World War II.

Reports from India suggested the formation of a coalition government for the purpose of defense.

The American Youth Congress adopted a report asking that U.S. youth not be forced to fight against Adolf Hitler.

Baseball
The Detroit Tigers, playing before the biggest home crowd in their history--56,272 at Briggs Stadium--split a doubleheader with the Cleveland Indians. The Tigers won the opener 5-3 behind the pitching of Tommy Bridges, then the Indians took the second game 2-1 in 11 innings.

In the American Association, Ab Wright of the Minneapolis Millers hit a home run in the first of 2 games against St. Paul at Nicollet Park in Minneapolis, then tied a league record with 4 home runs in the second game. Mr. Wright also had a triple in game 2, giving him an AA record of 19 total bases for the game. St. Paul won the first game 3-2, while Minneapolis won the second game 17-5.

70 years ago
1945


War
Australian troops entered the Borneo oil refining centre of Balik Papan and captured the most important airfield in the area at Sepingang.

World events
U.S. troops formally established themselves in Berlin under commander Major General Floyd Parks. Canadian troops entered Berlin as part of a British garrison force, to share occupation duties.

Diplomacy
The U.S. delegation to the international conference to consider the provisional status of the port of Tangier informed the French government that it no objection to the U.S.S.R. participating in the conference.

Defense
Commander of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet Admiral Jonas Ingram said that several U.S. Navy ships would be turned over to the Brazilian Navy after the end of World War II.

Politics and government
American Founding Father Thomas Paine, who had lost the right to vote in New Rochelle, New York in 1806, had his franchise restored, 136 years after his death.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Foreign Economic Administration announced resumption of trade between the United States and French North Africa; Algeria; French Morocco; and Tunisia.

The U.S. War Production Board ordered the use of some synthetic rubber in all future tires, regardless of size, to save about 1,300 tons of natural rubber per year.

The U.S. Federal Trade Commission ordered the Book Paper Manufacturinig Association of New York and 42 member manufacturers to stop fixing "uniform prices."

60 years ago
1955


On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Ronald Howard and H. Marion Crawford
Tonight's episode: The Case of the Haunted Gainsborough

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Newcastle Song--Bob Hudson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Only You Can--Fox (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
The Indian government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi banned more than 25 opposition political organizations.

Tennis
Billie Jean King won the women's singles final at Wimbledon for the sixth time, defeating Evonne Goolagong-Cawley of Australia, 6-0, 6-1, in 39 minutes.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (1-1) 0 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 32

Baseball
Dyain Frazier pitched a 7-inning no-hitter as the Salinas Packers of the Class A California League blanked the San Jose Bees 8-0 in the first game of a doubleheader at San Jose Municipal Stadium.

30 years ago
1985


Academia
13-year-old Ruth Lawrence achieved a first-class degree in Mathematics from Oxford University, becoming the youngest known graduate of Oxford.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (0-1) 18 @ Montreal (1-0) 34

Mark Hopkins recovered a blocked Bob Cameron punt in the Winnipeg end zone with 51 seconds left in the third quarter to break a 17-17 tie. Concordes’ quarterback Turner Gill threw touchdown passes to Mike McTague and Jeff Patterson, and Dwaine Wilson rushed for another Montreal touchdown. Tom Clements threw to Jeff Boyd for the only Blue Bomber touchdown. 23,627 were in attendance at Olympic Stadium.

Baseball
In a game that included 2 rain delays and took 6 hours and 10 minutes to play, the New York Mets scored 5 runs in the top of the 19th inning and withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the 19th to beat the Atlanta Braves 16-13 before 44,947 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Keith Hernandez of the Mets hit for the cycle. The Mets had taken the lead in the top of the 18th, but Atlanta relief pitcher Rick Camp, a career .060 hitter who was batting because the team was out of pinch hitters, hit a 2-out, 2-strike pitch for his only major league home run to tie the game. The game ended at 3:55 A.M. on July 5, the latest finish in major league history. The scheduled postgame fireworks show began at 4:01 A.M., causing local residents to think that the city was under attack.

25 years ago
1990


Politics and government
Addressing the 28th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in Moscow, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev said that he would quit within two years if perestroika (restructuring) failed to produce positive results.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (2-0) 43 @ Ottawa (1-1) 30

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
Eva Gabor, 76
. Hungarian-born U.S. actress. Miss Gabor, the younger sister of Zsa Zsa and Magda, was best known for co-starring in the television comedy series Green Acres (1965-1971).

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Atlantis decoupled from the Russian space station Mir. U.S. astronaut Norman Thagard, who had been aboard since flying to it aboard a U.S. mission in March, joined the crew of Atlantis, along with cosmonauts Vladimir Dezhurov and Gennady Strekalov. Cosmonauts Anatoly Solovyev and Nikolai Budarin, who had been abouard Atlantis when it lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida on June 27 to begin mission STS-71, remained aboard Mir.

Diplomacy
Meeting in the Gaza Strip, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and Palestine National Authority leader Yasser Arafat agreed in principle to the next phase of their agreement. Israeli soldiers woule be redeployed away from centres of Palestinian population in the West Bank, with Palestinian elections to follow.

Politics and government
British Prime Minister John Major won his battle to remain leader of the Conservative Party, receiving the votes of 218 members of his paliamentary caucus to 89 for former Secretary of State for Wales John Redwood.

Football
CFL
Birmingham (1-0) 38 @ Winnipeg (0-2) 10

Andre Strode and Junior Thurman returned interceptions for touchdowns and Jimmy Klingler completed touchdown passes to Jason Phillips and Derrick Crawford as the Barracudas defeated the Blue Bombers before 22,208 fans at Winnipeg Stadium in the first regular season game for the expansion Birmingham club and the first game for Jack Pardee as a CFL head coach. Mr. Klingler, replacing injured starter Matt Dunigan at quarterback, threw a 96-yard TD pass to Mr. Phillips in the 1st quarter.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Cliff Goupille, 89
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Goupille was a defenceman with the Montreal Canadiens from 1935-43. He scored 12 goals and 28 assists in 222 regular season games and 2 goals in 8 playoff games.

Space
The NASA probe Deep Impact hit Comet Tempel 1 as planned, in a mission to learn how the solar system formed.

Friday, July 3, 2015

July 3, 2015

240 years ago
1775


Defense
Commander-in-chief George Washington took command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.

130 years ago
1885


Baseball
Jim McCormick earned his 200th career major league victory as the Providence Grays edged the St. Louis Maroons 3-2 in a National League game in St. Louis.

125 years ago
1890

Americana

Idaho entered the union as the 43rd state.

80 years ago
1935


Died on this date
André Citroën, 57
. French automobile executive. Mr. Citroën founded the Citroën Company in 1919. He died of stomach cancer.

75 years ago
1940


War
The first group of German prisoners of war arrived in Canada. King George VI of Great Britain declined to send Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret to Canada for protection in wartime. In order to stop their ships from falling into German hands, the French fleet of the Atlantic, based at Mers El Kébir, was bombarded by the British fleet coming from Gibraltar, causing the loss of the battleships Dunkerque, Provence, and Bretagne, and the deaths of 1,200 sailors. Soviet forces completed their occupation of ceded Romanian provinces. Japanese troops closed virtually all land communication between Hong Kong and mainland China.

World events
Franz Rademacher, head of the Jewish Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the Nazi government of Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, proposed a plan to make Madagascar the "Jewish homeland." German military forces were days away from winning the Battle of France, and Mr. Rademacher's proposal called for Madagascar--then a French colony--to be handed over to Germany as part of the French surrender terms.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt prepared legislation requesting $5 billion more for national defense.

Politics and government
A county court in Detroit ruled that, in the absence of specific legislation to the contrary, the Communist Party must be allowed a space on Michigan's state electoral ballot.

Baseball
Pee Wee Reese’s grand slam in the 9th inning led the Brooklyn Dodgers to a 7-3 win over the New York Giants before 18,960 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York.

Jimmie Foxx’s home run was the key blow as the Boston Red Sox scored 6 runs in the 9th inning to overcome a 7-run deficit and defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 12-11 before 2,400 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Ted Williams and Jim Tabor each hit 3-run home runs for the Red Sox, and Joe Cronin also homered for Boston. Sam Chapman hit 2 home runs for the Athletics, while Dick Siebert also homered for Philadelphia.

70 years ago
1945


War
More than 450 U.S. Superfortresses dropped 3,000 tons of incendiary bombs on Tokushima, Takamatsu, and Kochi on the Japanese island of Shikoku; Ube on Honshu; and Kumamoto on Kyushu, destroying 48%-78% of the target areas.

World events
American and British troops began moving into Berlin, but traffic and other problems limited the entry to a trickle.

Politics and government
The new Polish government assured the U.S. and U.K. that "free and unfettered elections" would be held as soon as possible.

Harry Hopkins, special adviser to U.S. Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry Truman, resigned because of ill health.

After being sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, James Byrnes said that there would be no change in U.S. foreign policy and no personnel changes until he returned from the upcoming U.S.-U.K.-U.S.S.R. summit in Germany.

U.S. President Truman ordered all but six federal agencies to reduce their work week from 48-44 hours, affecting 2.5 million employees.

Law
U.S. President Truman signed a bill to pay $101,630 to Sioux Indians for ponies the United States Army had taken from them after the defeat of the forces of General George Custer at the Battle of Little Big Horn in Montana in 1876.

Society
The United States Navy ended segregation of Negroes from whites in training.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board raised margin requirements from 50%-75%, the highest ever, to cut down on speculation in the stock market.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: La Danse de Zorba--Mikis Theodorakis (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Quello sbagliato--Bobby Solo

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heute male ich dein Bild, Cindy Lou--Drafi Deutscher (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I'm Alive--The Hollies

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)--The Four Tops (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds
2 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
3 I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)--The Four Tops
4 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
5 Wonderful World--Herman's Hermits
6 For Your Love--The Yardbirds
7 Yes, I'm Ready--Barbara Mason
8 Wooly Bully--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
9 A Walk in the Black Forest--Horst Jankowski and his Orchestra
10 Hush, Hush Sweet Charlotte--Patti Page

Singles entering the chart were I'm Henry VIII I Am by Herman's Hermits (#18); All I Really Want to Do, with versions by the Byrds and Cher (#71); One Step at a Time by Maxine Brown (#75); Pretty Little Baby by Marvin Gaye (#76); Save Your Heart for Me by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#77); I Can't Work No Longer by Billy Butler and the Chanters (#84); Down in the Boondocks by Billy Joe Royal (#86); I'm a Fool by Dino, Desi and Billy (#87); Theme from "Harlow" (Lonely Girl) by Bobby Vinton (#90); I'll Always Love You by the Spinners (#92); If You Really Want Me To, I'll Go by the Ron-Dels (#93); One Monkey Don't Stop No Show by Joe Tex (#94); I Want You Back Again by the Zombies (#96); Hallelujah by the Invitations (#98); Justine by the Righteous Brothers (#99); and Buster Browne by Willie Mitchell (#100).

Died on this date
Trigger, 31
. U.S. horse. Trigger, originally named Golden Cloud, was the horse that cowboy star Roy Rogers rode in movies and television programs in the 1940s and '50s.

Baseball
The Cincinnati Reds scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 10-8 before 25,152 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Before the game, Philadelphia third baseman Richie Allen got into a fight with veteran outfielder Frank Thomas during batting practice. Mr. Allen then batted 3 for 4 with a triple and 4 runs batted in. Mr. Thomas came to bat as a pinch hitter in the bottom of the 8th inning with the Phillies trailing 8-7 and hit his first home run of the season to tie the game. He remained in the game in left field for the 9th inning, but was released after the game.

Tracy Stallard allowed just 4 hits over 7 innings and Hal Woodeshick allowed 2 hits in 2 innings, but no runs, as the St. Louis Cardinals blanked the New York Mets 2-0 before 28,041 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Phil Gagliano's 2-run home run off Jack Fisher in the 6th inning provided all the scoring. Mr. Fisher allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings in taking the loss.

Sandy Koufax pitched a 5-hit complete game and had a double as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the Houston Astros 3-1 before 50,136 fans at the Astrodome. Mr. Koufax, who improved his record for the season to 14-3, lost his shutout with 1 out in the 8th inning on a home run by rookie Houston second baseman Joe Morgan.

The Baltimore Orioles scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to beat the Cleveland Indians 8-4 before 7,403 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Curt Blefary hit a solo home run for Baltimore in the 4th inning and a 3-run homer in the 8th.

Denny McLain allowed just 1 hit and had a single of his own as the Detroit Tigers edged the Washington Senators 1-0 before 3,447 fans at District of Columbia Stadium in a game called after 5 innings because of rain. The only run scored in the top of the 3rd inning when Ray Oyler led off with a single, and Mr. McLain attempted a sacrifice bunt, but beat it out for a hit, and advanced to second base, with Mr. Oyler going to third, when Washington pitcher Pete Richert, threw wildly to first base in an attempt to retire Mr. McLain. George Thomas then hit a sacrifice fly to right fielder Jim King to score Mr. Oyler with an unearned run.

Bobby Richardson led off the game with his first home run of the season and Elston Howard and Clete Boyer also homered as the New York Yankees beat the Boston Red Sox 6-2 before 8,690 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Don Mincher led off the top of the 11th inning with his second solo home run of the game to give the Minnesota Twins a 3-2 win over the Kansas City Athletics before 32,503 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City.

40 years ago
1975


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nadin!

Died on this date
Elmer Oliphant, 82
. U.S. football player. "Ollie" Oliphant was a fullback with Purdue University (1912-1915) and the United States Military Academy (1916-1917), scoring 435 points--135 at Purdue, and 300 at West Point. He played professionally in the American Professional Football Association with the Rochester Jeffersons (1920) and Buffalo All-Americans (1921), leading the APFA (now the NFL) in scoring, field goals, and extra points in 1921. Mr. Oliphant became a successful executive with Metropolitan Life Insurance Company after his athletic career. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1955, and died six days before his 83rd birthday.

Scandal
Former U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell was barred from practicing law in the state of New York because of his activities in association with the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Ottawa (0-2) 31 @ British Columbia (1-0) 41

The Lions built a 28-0 lead in the 2nd quarter and held on to defeat the Rough Riders before 14,334 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. It was the last game for B.C. linebacker and former Rough Rider Dan Dever, as he suffered a broken ankle and torn knee ligaments, and never played again.

Baseball
Art Gardner, George Pena, and Roe Skidmore each had 3 hits as the Iowa Oaks edged the Evansville Triplets 6-5 in an American Association game at Sec Taylor Stadium in Des Moines. Boots Day, attempting to make it back to the major leagues as a pitcher after spending several years as an outfielder with the Chicago Cubs and Montreal Expos, started on the mound for Evansville and allowed 7 hits and 3 runs in 3 1/3 innings, but it was reliever Tom Makowski who was charged with the loss.

30 years ago
1985


At the movies
Back to the Future, starring Michael J. Fox and Christopher Lloyd, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Frank J. Selke, 92
. Canadian hockey executive. Mr. Selke was assistant to Toronto Maple Leafs' owner Conn Smythe from 1929-1946, and general manager of the Montreal Canadiens from 1946-1964. Mr. Selke assembled the Montreal team that won a record five straight Stanley Cups from 1955-60. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1960. The Frank J. Selke Trophy is awarded annually to the best defensive forward in the National Hockey League.

25 years ago
1990


Politics and government
At the 28th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in Moscow, Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze criticized defense spending as too high, and warned against military influence in shaping foreign policy. Yegor Ligachev, a "conservative," got a positive response form the audience when he denounced reform as "thoughtless radicalism," and opposed the draft party platform.

Aviation
Larry Tudor of Santa Ana, California set a certified world "open distance" paragliding record of 303 miles. Finding some two dozen hot, light air masses called thermals, he soared as high as 13,500 feet, floating from an airpark in Hobbs, New Mexico to a fast-food restaurant in Elkhart, Kansas. The 300-mile barrier had never before been broken.

Disasters
The government of Saudi Arabia announced that 1,426 Muslim pilgrims had been killed when a stampede occurred in a tunnel leading from a nearby tent city to the holy sites in Mecca. 50,000 people were crowded into the tunnel, which was 500 yards long and 20 yards wide. The crowd panicked after 7 people fell from a bridge at the entrance to the tunnel. The victims, including many from Indonesia, Pakistan, Egypt, and Malaysia, were suffocated or trampled to death.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Calgary (1-1) 27 @ Hamilton (1-1) 28
Saskatchewan (0-3) 23 @ Edmonton (1-1) 35

The game at Commonwealth Stadium attracted only about 15,000 fans, the smallest crowd ever for an Eskimo game in that stadium to date. It was a dreary day full of heavy rain, and the game probably should have been postponed for a day. The rain let up near the end of the first quarter, and it ended up being a nice night. The game was the last for 12-year veteran Edmonton offensive tackle Hector Pothier, who failed to survive cutdown day a few days later. It was also the second and last game in which kick returners Henry "Gizmo" Williams and Tony "Wiz" Hunter played as teammates. Mr. Williams had played in the NFL in 1989, and the Eskimos had recruited Mr. Hunter as his replacement. He did an outstanding job, but head coach Joe Faragalli decided not to keep both of them in 1990.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Scatman's World--Scatman John (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Leave Virginia Alone--Rod Stewart
2 December--Collective Soul
3 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
4 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men
5 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
6 I Believe--Blessid Union of Souls
7 I'll Be There for You--The Rembrandts
8 Genuine--Mae Moore
9 This Ain't a Love Song--Bon Jovi
10 Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me--U2

Singles entering the chart were The Bazaar by the Bazaar (#76); All Over You by Live (#78); Long Way to Go by John Bottomley (#83); A Whiter Shade of Pale by Annie Lennox (#87); Days Like This by Van Morrison (#89); Down and Dirty by Bad Company (#92); and You Oughta Know by Alanis Morisette (#95).

Died on this date
Pancho Gonzales, 67
. U.S. tennis player. Mr. Gonzales, born Ricardo Alonso González, was the number one-ranked men's player in the world for eight years from 1952-1960. He won 17 major singles titles, including 15 Pro Slams and 2 Grand Slams.

Politics and government
The Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party won that country's general election and was restored to power after being in opposition for 15 years.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Gaylord Nelson, 89
. U.S. politician. Mr. Nelson, a Democrat, was Governor of Wisconsin from 1959-1963 and represented Wisconsin in the United States Senate from 1963-1981. He was best known as the founder of Earth Day, which was first observed in 1970.

Thursday, July 2, 2015

July 2, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lisa Stoufer!

130 years ago
1885


War
Cree chief Big Bear surrendered to the North West Mounted Police on an island in the Saskatchewan River near Fort Carlton, Northwest Territories (in present-day Saskatchewan), ending the North-West Rebellion.

125 years ago
1890


Business
The United States Congress passed the Sherman Antitrust Act, aimed at restricting the concentration of economic power in large corporations. The act authorized the federal government to institute proceedings against trusts in order to dissolve them.

100 years ago
1915


Died on this date
Porfirio Díaz, 84
. 29th President of Mexico, 1876; 1877-1880; 1884-1911. General Diaz seized power in a coup, and he and his allies ruled Mexico until the revolution of 1910, which resulted in his ouster. He fled to France, and died in exile.

75 years ago
1940


War
The British Blue Star liner SS Arandora Star, en route to St. John's, Newfoundland with Italian and German internees and German prisoners of war who were to be sent to Canadian internment camps, was sunk by German submarine U-47 75 miles off the coast of Ireland. 805 people were killed, while 868 survivors were rescued by the Royal Canadian Navy destroyer HMCS St. Laurent. Two shiploads of American citizens and British women and children were evacuated from Hong Kong. The British government of Prime Minister Winston Churchil notified Pope Pius XII that as fas as possible, U.K. forces would not bomb or shell Rome.

Diplomacy
Indian independence agitator Mohandas K. Gandhi appealed to all Britons to cease hostilities with Germany and settle their differences with non-violent methods.

Protest
Indian independence activist Subhas Chandra Bose was arrested and detained in Calcutta.

Law
A new Cuban constitution was promulgated.

Americana
In the first preliminary report of the 1940 Census, the cities of Newark, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, and St. Louis showed declines in population since 1930.

Politics and government
Wendell Willkie, 1940 Republican Party nominee for President of the United States, appointed a 12-man campaign advisor committee headed by Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen, and instructed them not to accept corporate contributions.

Economics and finance
The United States Congress passed a bill authorizing President Franklin D. Roosevelt to impose controls on exports of all vital materials.

Transportation
The Lake Washington Floating Bridge opened to traffic at Seattle; the $8-million bridge was the largest floating structure yet built.

Sport
All intercollegiate sports in Canada were halted for the duration of World War II in order to further military training.

70 years ago
1945


War
Nearly 600 U.S. Superfortresses--the largest number ever sent aloft--bombed Kure, Shimonoseki, and Ube on the Japanese island of Honshu, and Kumamoto on Kyushu.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman presented the United Nations Charter to the Senate, urging rapid ratification.

The U.S.S.R. notified the French Foreign Ministry that it wished to participate in the international conference that would consider the provisional status of the port of Tangier.

Politics and government
The United States Senate confirmed James F. Byrnes as Secretary of State.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Melody of Love--The Four Aces; Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Unchained Melody--Al Hibbler (4th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra (Best Seller--10th week at #1; Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Jukebox--5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Unchained Melody--Les Baxter and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)
--Al Hibbler
--Roy Hamilton
2 (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets
3 Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
--Alan Dale
4 Something's Gotta Give--The McGuire Sisters
--Sammy Davis, Jr.
5 A Blossom Fell--Nat "King" Cole
6 Learnin' the Blues--Frank Sinatra
7 Honey-Babe--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
8 The Ballad of Davy Crockett--Bill Hayes
--Fess Parker
--Tennessee Ernie Ford
9 Dance with Me Henry (Wallflower)--Georgia Gibbs
10 It's a Sin to Tell a Lie--Somethin' Smith and the Redheads

Singles entering the chart were The Banjo's Back in Town by Teresa Brewer (#43); (The Song of) Daniel Boone (The Daddy of Them All) by Loren Becker with Enoch Light and his Orchestra (#48); and Duvid Crockett (The Ballad of Davy Crockett) by Mickey Katz and his Orchestra (#49). Duvid Crockett (The Ballad of Davy Crockett) was spoof of The Ballad of Davy Crockett.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 I'm Henry VIII I Am--Herman's Hermits
2 Wonderful World--Herman's Hermits
3 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
4 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
5 Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds
6 Cara, Mia--Jay & the Americans
7 Here Comes the Night--Them
8 (Such An) Easy Question--Elvis Presley
9 What's New Pussycat?--Tom Jones
10 Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys
Pick hit of the week: On My Word--Cliff Richard
New this week: Donna--Bobby Curtola
I'll Never Get Over You--The Everly Brothers
What the World Needs Now is Love--Jackie DeShannon
It's Gonna Be Fine--Glenn Yarbrough
Lazy Harry's--The Brothers Four
Trains and Boats and Planes--Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas

Space
The United States launched the weather satellite TIROS 10.

Football
CFL
Edmonton Eskimos' intrasquad game @ Clarke Stadium
Green 52 Gold 27

Tommy-Joe Coffey scored 4 touchdowns for Green, with Bill Tobin, Jim Thomas, and E.A. Sims scoring the other Green TDs. Bill Mitchell kicked 5 converts, a field goal, and 2 singles for Green. Clarence Kachman, Norm Thomas, Larry Ferguson, and Bill Redell scored Gold touchdowns. Mr. Coffey, kicking for Gold, added 3 converts.

40 years ago
1975


Died on this date
James Robertson Justice, 68
. U.K. actor. Mr. Justice was a character actor who was known for supporting roles in movies such as Captain Horatio Hornblower, R.N. (1951); Doctor in the House (1954); Moby Dick (1956); Doctor at Large (1957); Doctor in Love (1960); Murder, She Said (1961); and Doctor in Distress (1963).

World events
The World Conference on International Women's Year closed in Mexico City after two weeks. Delegates from 113 countries adopted a plan to promote equal rights and greater participation in national development.

Diplomacy
United States Senators met Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev during a four-day visit to the U.S.S.R.

Scandal
Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam dismissed Deputy Prime Minister James Cairns for alleged overseas loan irregularities.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (1-0) 18 @ Hamilton (0-1) 17
Montreal (1-0) 19 @ Calgary (0-1) 18

30 years ago
1985


Baseball
Joe Niekro of the Houston Astros earned his 200th career major league victory as the Astros edged the San Diego Padres 3-2 before 36,138 fans at San Dieg-Jack Murphy Stadium.

25 years ago
1990


Politics and government
The East German government agreed to all-German elections to be held in December.

The 28th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union opened in Moscow, with "conservatives" concerned about a draft platform that did not refer directly to Marxism-Leninism, and supported the right to "earned private property" and the "interests and requirements of the individual." Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev addressed the congress and admitted that the party’s leadership had made mistakes, but that his program of restructuring was the nation’s only hope. Mr. Gorbachev reaffirmed the need for a regulated market economy.

Scandal
Imelda Marcos, widow of former Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos, was found not guilty of racketeering, fraud, and obstruction of justice in U.S. Federal Court in New York City. Her co-defendant, Saudi Arabian financier Adnan Khashoggi, was found not guilty of mail fraud and obstruction of justice. The prosecution alleged that Mrs. Marcos had stolen $200 million from the Philippines treasury, spending most of it on herself. Mr. Khashoggi was alleged to have helped her to buy office buildings in the U.S.A. The defense argued that Mrs. Marcos was unaware of any illegal activities on the part of her late husband. Jurors were reported to have found this argument persuasive, and some said they did not understand why the trial was being conducted in the United States.

Baseball
Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers struck out 7 batters to give him a major league record 22 seasons with 100 or more strikeouts. Mr. Ryan had previously shared the record with Don Sutton. Mr. Ryan left the game after 8 innings with the Rangers and Boston Red Sox tied 2-2 before 35,096 fans at Fenway Park in Boston; he was relieved by Kenny Rogers, who promptly surrendered a home run by Boston shortstop Kevin Romine leading off the bottom of the 9th, giving the Red Sox a 3-2 win. Mike Boddicker allowed 10 hits and 2 earned runs in pitching a complete game victory, striking out 9 and improving his record for the season to 11-3.

The Oakland Athletics edged the Toronto Blue Jays 3-2 before 49,855 fans at SkyDome in Toronto, boosting the Blue Jay's home attendance for 1990 past the 2,000,000 mark faster than any team in major league baseball history.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Shut Up (and Sleep with Me)--Sin with Sebastian (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lloyd MacPhail, 75
. Canadian politician. Mr. MacPhail, a Progressive Conservative, represented 2nd Queens in the Prince Edward Island Legislative Assembly from 1961-1985, and was leader of the provincial PC Party from July1-September 25, 1976. He served as Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island from 1985-1990.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Ernest Lehman, 89
. U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Lehman was nominated for Academy Awards for his screenplays for Sabrina (1954); North by Northwest (1959); West Side Story (1961); and Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966). He didn't win, but was awarded an honourary Oscar in 2001 "in appreciation of a body of varied and enduring work."

Protest
Prominent musicians performed Live 8 benefit concerts in 10 major cities throughout the world in an effort to persuade leaders of Western governments to tackle poverty in Africa.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-0) 23 @ Hamilton (0-2) 21