Monday, 18 December 2017

December 18, 2017

375 years ago
1642


Exploration
Abel Tasman became the first European to land in New Zealand.

280 years ago
1737


Died on this date
Antonio Stradivari, 93
. Italian musical instrument maker. Mr. Stradivari, after whom Stradivarius instruments are named, made over 1,000 instruments, including lutes, guitars, violins, violas, cellos, and harps. It's estimated that over half of the instruments that he made still exist.

240 years ago
1777


Americana
The United States celebrated its first Thanksgiving, marking the recent victory by the American rebel forces over British General John Burgoyne at Saratoga in October.

230 years ago
1787


Americana
New Jersey became the 3rd state to ratify the United States Constitution.

125 years ago
1892


Music
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker received its premiere performance at Maryinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, on a double bill with his opera Iolanta.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Ossie Davis
. U.S. actor. Mr. Davis was known for portraying dignified characters in such movies as Gone are the Days! (1963); The Hill (1965); Do the Right Thing (1989); and Malcolm X (1992). Gone are the Days! was based on Mr. Davis's play Purlie Victorious (1961). He was one of the first Negroes to direct movies in Hollywood, with his efforts including Cotton Comes to Harlem (1970) and Gordon's War (1973). Mr. Davis was a well-known civil rights activist, acting as master of ceremonies for Martin Luther King's March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963, and delivering the eulogy at the funeral of Malcolm X in 1965. In his later years, Mr. Davis co-hosted the annual National Memorial Day Concert in Washington, D.C. He died on February 4, 2005 at the age of 87.

Law
The resolution containing the language of the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution to enact Prohibition was passed by the United States Congress.

90 years ago
1927


Politics and government
In Moscow, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union expelled Messrs. Kameneff, Radek, Piatakof, Rakovsky, Smilga, Smirnoff, Yevdokimoff, Sapronoff, Lashevich, and Muraloff.

75 years ago
1942


War
The British 8th Army in Tunisia took Nofilia, pursuing fleeing Axis forces toward Sultan, 45 miles west of Nofilia. Some Axis forces broke the British trap at Wadei Matratin and joined the main retreat westward. Allied forces captured Cape Endaiadere, east of Buna Village, New Guinea. Chinese forces recaptured the Yangtze River port of Hoshueh in Hupeh Province.

Politics and government
Australian Attorney General Herbert Evatt announced the revocation of the ban on the Communist Party and its press after the Communist central committee agreed to assist in the war effort.

Economics and finance
Caribbean Commission Chairmen Sir Frank Stockdale and Charles Taussig agreed on a tentative formula for the economic rehabilitation of the British West Indies over the next two years.

Oil
The U.S. Office of Price Administration suspended the sale of gasoline to holders of "A," "B," and "C" books in 17 eastern states except for emergency use.

Sport
An Associated Press poll of U.S. sportswriters named the World Series champion St. Louis Cardinals as the best team of 1942; University of Georgia football player Frank Sinkwich as the outstanding male athlete; and swimmer Gloria Callen as the outstanding female athlete.

Boxing
Beau Jack (50-6-2) won New York State Athletic Commission and New Jersey recognition as world lightweight champion with a knockout of Tippy Larkin (86-8) at 1:19 of the 3rd round before 18,817 fans at Madison Square Garden in New York.

70 years ago
1947


Movies
The U.S. National Board of Motion Pictures named Monsieur Verdoux as the year's best picture.

Economics and finance
The Netherlands agreed to build 30 ships for Argentina over a five-year period in exchange for food and raw materials.

The U.S. Senate passed a compromise anti-inflation bill which extended export and transportation controls for one year; authorized President Harry Truman to introduce food conservation programs; and permitted voluntary agreements in industry and agriculture concerning allocation of scarce raw materials.

Labour
U.S. President Truman named a 12-man National Labor-Management Panel, as required by the Taft-Hartley Act.

Boxing
Former world lightweight champion Tippy Larkin (115-11-1) scored a technical knockout of Ernie Petrone (31-41-10) in the 5th round of a middleweight bout at Mechanics Hall in Worcester, Massachusetts.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Jere Cooper, 64
. U.S. politician. Mr. Cooper, a Democrat represented Tennessee's 9th District (1929-1933, 1943-1953) and 8th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1933-1943, 1953-1957). He was Chairman of the House Committee on Ways and Means from 1955 until his death.

Energy
Shippingport Atomic Power Station in Pennsylvania, the first civilian nuclear facility to generate electricity in the United States, went online, supplying electricity for commercial use to customers in the Pittsburgh area.

Science
Stanford University physicists conducting research with a linear accelerator reported that neutrons aligned side by side would measure 10 trillion to the inch.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): En Aranjuez Con Tu Amor (Aranjuez, Mon Amour)--Richard Anthony (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
The day after deposing President Christophe Soglo, the 15-man military junta that had seized power in Dahomey set up a provisional government with Major Maurice Kouandete as President, and announced that elections would take place withing six months.

Disasters
A tornado struck northern Alabama, killing 4 people and injuring 29.

4 men were burned to death and 30 injured at a steel mill in Houston, Texas when 60,000 pounds of molten metal fell on them.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Float On--The Floaters (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Michio Nishizawa, 56
. Japanese baseball player and manager. Mr. Nishizawa was a pitcher and first baseman who played with the club eventually known as the Chunichi Dragons from 1937-1943 and 1946-1958, compiling a pitching record of 60-65 with a 2.23 earned run average in 231 games, and batting .286 with 212 home runs and 940 runs batted in in 1,704 games. He pitched a no-hitter in 1942; set a Japan Central League single-season record in 1950 with 46 home runs; won the batting title (.353) and led the league in runs batted in (98) in 1952; and led the league in slugging in 1953 (.545). Mr. Nishizawa managed the Dragons from 1964-1967, compiling a record of 253-218 (.537). He was inducted into the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame in 1977.

Terrorism
Achilleas Kyprianou, son of Cypriot President Spyros Kyprianou, was released unharmed four days after being kidnapped by members of the right-wing group EOKA-B. Achilleas, a second lieutenant in the Cypriot National Guard, was seized at the gate of a military camp in the Troodas Mountains. EOKA-B, which wanted political union with Greece, demanded the release of 25 imprisoned members in exchange for Achilleas' life. President Kyprianou refused to release the prisoners, but promised that no action would be taken against the kidnappers if his son were released.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Whenever You Need Somebody--Rick Astley (3rd week at #1)

Personal
This blogger finished the second of three terms at the University of Western Ontario's School of Library and Information Science.

Scandal
Ivan Boesky was sentenced to three years in prison for plotting Wall Street's biggest insider-trading scandal.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): More and More--Captain Hollywood Project

Died on this date
Mark Goodson, 77
. U.S. television producer. Mr. Goodson, with his partner Bill Todman, produced such game shows as Beat the Clock; Match Game; The Price is Right; Family Feud; Password; I've Got a Secret; To Tell the Truth; and What's My Line?.

Environment
Canadian Fisheries Minister John Crosbie announced cuts in groundfish quotas of up to 70%, saying that there were "too many plants, too many boats, too many people chasing fish."

410 people were evacuated from their homes in Oakville, Manitoba after a chemical spill.

Business
National Sea Products announced that it would close its plants in North Sydney and Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Candle in the Wind 1997/Something About the Way You Look Tonight--Elton John (14th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Pop-Musiikkia--Neljä Baritonia

Died on this date
Chris Farley, 33
. U.S. comedian and actor. Mr. Farley performed with Chicago's Second City Theatre before becoming part of the cast of Saturday Night Live from 1990-1995. He co-starred in the movies Tommy Boy (1995) and Black Sheep (1996) before a well-publicized lifestyle of drink and drugs, exacerbated by obesity, caught up with him, and he died of a drug overdose.

Politics and government
U.K. Scottish Secretary Donald Dewar unveiled a bill giving Scotland its own parliament.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Gerald Le Dain, 83
. Canadian jurist. Justice Le Dain was a Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada from 1984-1988, but was perhaps best known as the chairman of the Commission of Inquiry into the Non-Medical Use of Drugs from 1969-1973. The Commission recommended that cannabis be removed from the narcotic control act and be regulated provincially.

Sunday, 17 December 2017

December 17, 2017

1,075 years ago
942


Died on this date
William I "Longsword," 42 (?)
. Count (Duke) of Normandy, 927-942. William was given the fiefdom of Normandy by his father, Robert I (Rollo). William's forces battled for several years with those of Arnulf I, Count of Flanders. A peace conference took place at Picquigny on the Somme; William attended, and was ambushed and killed by followers of Arnulf. He was succeeded as Duke of Normandy by his son Richard the Fearless.

750 years ago
1267


Born on this date
Go-Uda
. Emperor of Japan, 1274-1287. Go-Uda, born Yohito, was the second son of Emperor Kameyama, and succeeded his father on the throne upon his abdication. Emperor Go-Uda was forced to abdicate in favour of his cousin Fushimi. Go-Uda died on July 16, 1324 at the age of 58.

240 years ago
1777


Diplomacy
France formally recognized the United States.

125 years ago
1892


Journalism
The first issue of Vogue magazine was published.

110 years ago
1907


Died on this date
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, 83
. U.K. physicist and engineer. Lord Kelvin did important work on the mathematical analyses of the laws of thermodynamics; was knighted for his work on the transatlantic telegraph project; and worked to improve the reliability of the mariner's compass. The Kelvin scale of absolute temperature is named in his honour.

Asiatica
Ugyen Wangchuck was crowned the first King of Bhutan.

100 years ago
1917


Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden led his Unionist government, formed on October 13, to a majority victory in the first federal election since 1911. The Unionists won 153 seats (114 Conservatives and 39 Liberals) in the House of Commons to 82 for Wilfrid Laurier's Liberals (62 of which were from Québec). Because of their opposition to conscription, the Laurier Liberals won only 2 seats in Western Canada, while the Unionists won only 3 seats in Québec because of their support of conscription. Liberal candidate Samuel Jacobs was elected in the Montreal riding of George-Étienne Cartier, becoming the first Jew elected to the House of Commons.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
Rajendra Lahiri, 35
. Indian terrorist. Mr. Lahiri was associated with the Hindustan Republican Association in attempting to end British rule in India. He was involved in a bombing incident in the town of Dakshineswar, and the Kakori train robbery in 1925, and was hanged in the Gonda district jail.

Crime
Two days after she was kidnapped from Mount Vernon Junior High School in Los Angeles, and almost immediately upon payment of a $1,500 ransom, the body of Marion Parker, 12, was dumped out of the car by the criminal, William Hickman, 19, who drove away. A manhunt led to his arrest in Echo, Oregon on December 22.

Oddities
Miss Fannie Broyles, who had lain unconscious from a blow on the head by a falling tree limb, was about to be buried in Luray, Virginia when one of her eyelids twitched; she was lifted from the coffin, and revived.

Disasters
The U.S. Navy submarine S-4 was accidentally rammed and sunk by the Coast Guard destroyer USS Paulding while surfacing off Cape Cod, Massachusetts, resulting in the eventual deaths of all 40 men aboard S-4.

80 years ago
1937


Born on this date
John Kennedy Toole
. U.S. author. Mr. Toole wrote the novel A Confederacy of Dunces, which wasn't published until 1980. Mr. Toole committed suicide on March 26, 1969 at the age of 31.

75 years ago
1942


War
U.S. bombers pounded Tunis, Gabes, and other Axis bases in Tunisia for the sixth consecutive day. The U.S. War Department announced a plan to contract for facilities of 200-300 colleges and universities to train 250,000 men for the armed services.

Abominations
British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden informed the House of Commons about the mass executions of Jews being carried out by Nazis in occupied Europe, and read out an Allied declaration condemning the atrocities.

Journalism
The U.S. Office of War Information announced plans to publish the bimonthly magazine Victory in several languages to counter Axis propaganda.

Economics and finance
U.S. Price Administrator Leon Henderson submitted his resignation for health reasons; U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that he would accept Mr. Henderson's resignation as soon as a replacement was found.

Education
In Quebec City, the Catholic Committee of the Council of Public Instruction recommended compulsory education (not compulsory schooling) for children aged 5-14 years.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Benjamin Talbot, 83
. U.K. engineer. Mr. Talbot originated the continuous basic open-hearth process of manufacturing steel.

Literature
Esther Forbes received the $150,000 MGM Novel Award for her forthcoming The Running of the Tide.

Diplomacy
Bulgaria and Albania concluded a friendship treaty obliging both countries to boycott the United Nations Balkan Commission.

Prime Ministers of seven Arab League states concluded a secreta conference in Cairo by calling on their peoples to "prepare for a struggle" over Palestine.

Defense
The Boeing B-47 Stratojet strategic bomber made its first flight, with test pilots Robert Robbins and Scott Osler flying from Boeing Field in Seattle to Moses Lake Air Force Base, Washington in 27 minutes.

U.S. Army General Albert Wedemeyer appeared before the Senate Appropriations Committee to urge increased aid for the Nationalist Chinese government.

Politics and government
The new Italian cabinet of Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi won its first test of strength when the National Assembly approved its dismissal of Socialist Mayor Antonio Giovanucci of Pescara, accused of incompetence and of favouring Communists in the municipal administration.

Economics and finance
Representatives of the U.S.A. and U.K. concluded an agreement in Washington whereby the United States undertook to pay for most imports need in the U.S.-U.K. zone of Germany in return for control over their distribution and use.

James Caffrey resigned as chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

60 years ago
1957


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ken Thiessen!

Died on this date
Dorothy L. Sayers, 64
. U.K. authoress. Miss Sayers wrote fiction and non-fiction, but was best known for 11 novels and two collections of short stories featuring the detective Lord Peter Wimsey. Miss Sayers was also known for her defense of traditional Anglican doctrine. She died of a heart attack.

Defense
The United States successfully test-fired the Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile for the first time, from Launch Complex 14 at Cape Canaveral, Florida.



Jane's All the World's Aircraft reported that missiels were replacing manned warplanes in most air forces.

Politics and government
Alabama voters approved a state constitutional amendment authorizing the state legislature to abolish Macon County, where Negroes outnumbered whites 7-1.

50 years ago
1967


Died (?) on this date
Harold Holt, 59
. Prime Minister of Australia, 1966-1967. Mr. Holt, a member of the United Australia Party and then the Liberal Party, represented Fawkner in the Australian Parliament from 1935-1949 and Higgins from 1949 until his death. He held several cabinet posts, and succeeded the retiring Robert Menzies as party leader and Prime Minister in January 1966. Mr. Holt led the Liberals to victory in the 1966 general election; he pursued liberalization of Australia's immigration policy, and supported U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. Mr. Holt disappeared while swimming at Cheviot Beach, Victoria; his body was never found, leading to several conspiracy theories. Mr. Holt was declared dead in absentia, and John McEwen was named acting Prime Minister.

World events
A 15-man military junta led by Major Maurice Kouandete deposed the Dahomeyan government of President Christophe Soglo. The coup followed a five-day general strike the previous week that had paralyzed the country.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Solo Tu--Matia Bazar (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Belfast--Boney M. (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): 't Smurfenlied--Vader Abraham (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Mull of Kintyre--Wings (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Mull of Kintyre/Girls' School--Wings (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone (10th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 How Deep is Your Love--Bee Gees
2 Don't it Make My Brown Eyes Blue--Crystal Gayle
3 You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone
4 Blue Bayou--Linda Ronstadt
5 We're All Alone--Rita Coolidge
6 Sentimental Lady--Bob Welch
7 You Make Lovin' Fun--Fleetwood Mac
8 Baby Come Back--Player
9 It's So Easy--Linda Ronstadt
10 Heaven on the 7th Floor--Paul Nicholas

Singles entering the chart were Thunder Island by Jay Ferguson (#86); Curious Mind (Um, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um) by Johnny Rivers (#88); Sweet Music Man by Kenny Rogers (#89); Too Hot Ta Trot by the Commodores (#98); 25th of Last December by Roberta Flack (#99); and Happy Anniversary by Little River Band (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Don't it Make My Brown Eyes Blue--Crystal Gayle (2nd week at #1)
2 How Deep is Your Love--Bee Gees
3 You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone
4 Baby, What a Big Surprise--Chicago
5 We're All Alone--Rita Coolidge
6 Sometimes When We Touch--Dan Hill
7 Blue Bayou--Linda Ronstadt
8 You Make Lovin' Fun--Fleetwood Mac
9 Isn't it Time--The Babys
10 It's So Easy--Linda Ronstadt

Singles entering the chart were Once Upon a Time by Black Light Orchestra (#90); Never My Love by the Addrisi Brothers (#91); What Would I Do by Hometown Band (#92); Don't Ask My Neighbors by the Emotions (#93); Wrap Your Arms Around Me by K.C. and the Sunshine Band (#94); Here I Go Again by Larry Evoy (#95); Time Bomb by Lake (#96); I Love You by Donna Summer (#97); Don't Let it Show by Alan Parsons Project (#98); (You're My) Soul and Inspiration by Donny and Marie Osmond (#99); and Straight Outa Midnight by Murray McLauchlan (#100).

Died on this date
Sammy Sessions, 42
. U.S.auto racing driver. Mr. Sessions participated in the United States Auto Club Championship Car Series from 1965-1975. He was Sprint Car Series champion in 1972, and finished fourth in the Indianapolis 500 that year. Mr. Sessions was competing in a snowmobile race in Alexandria, Minnesota when he had a heart attack and was decapitated by a tree branch.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 3 @ Pittsburgh 5
Buffalo 5 @ Vancouver 5

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Soul Survivor--C.C. Catch

Music
Guitarist Ellen McIlwaine performed at The Firehall in downtown London, Ontario. This blogger was one of several students at the University of Western Ontario's School of Library and Information Science in attendance.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Dana Andrews, 83
. U.S. actor. Mr. Andrews was one of the most prominent, if underrated, actors of the 1940s, appearing in such movies as The Ox-Bow Incident (1943); Laura (1944); State Fair (1945); A Walk in the Sun (1945); The Best Years of Our Lives (1946); Boomerang! (1947); The Iron Curtain (1948); Where the Sidewalk Ends (1950); While the City Sleeps (1956); Beyond a Reasonable Doubt (1956); Night of the Demon (1957); The Fearmakers (1958); and Hot Rods to Hell (1967). He also starred as Matt Cvetic in the radio series I Was a Communist for the FBI (1952-1953).

Economics and finance
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in a ceremony on Parliament Hill in Ottawa; U.S. President George Bush and Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari signed in separate ceremonies. The deal still needed to be approved by the legislatures of the three countries.

Saturday, 16 December 2017

December 16, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Heather Austin!

520 years ago
1497


Exploration
Vasco da Gama passed the Great Fish River in South Africa, where Bartolomeu Dias had previously turned back to Portugal.

275 years ago
1742


Born on this date
Gebhard von Blücher
. Prussian military officer. Generalfeldmarschall Blücher was best known for leading his forces against those of French Emperor Napoleon I in the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. He died on September 12, 1819 at the age of 76.

180 years ago
1837


War
In the Lower Canada Rebellion, Governor Sir John Colborne ordered 150 Patriotes released from custody in St-Eustache, but put the village and nearby St-Hermas to the torch. He ordered Colonel John Maitland to proceed to St-Scholastique and Ste-Therèse.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Amy Carmichael
. U.K. missionary. Miss Carmichael was born in Ireland, came to saving faith in the Lord Jesus Christ in her youth, and became a Protestant missionary in her early 20s. She spent her last 55 years in India, where she founded Dohnavur Fellowship, primarily rescuing young people from sexual exploitation in Hindu temples. Miss Carmichael wrote numerous books about her experiences, and died on January 18, 1951 at the age of 83.

125 years ago
1892


Politics and government
Louis-Olivier Taillon, a Conservative, was sworn in for the second time as Premier of Québec, replacing Charles-Eugène de Boucherville, who resigned after the appointment of former Conservative Premier Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau as Lieutenant-Governor.

Scandal
Charles de Lesseps was arrested for complicity in the Panama Canal frauds. An attempt to build the canal, beginning in 1882, had ended with the bankruptcy of the Panama Canal Company in December 1888. In 1892 it emerged that 150 French deputies had been bribed into voting for the allocation of financial aid for the Panama Canal Company. Charles was the son of Ferdninand de Lesseps, who had developed the Suez Canal.

110 years ago
1907


Defense
The U.S. Navy's Great White Fleet began its circumnavigation of the world.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Arthur C. Clarke
. U.K. author. Sir Arthur was one of the most prominent science fiction writers of the 20th century, and was perhaps best known as the co-author of the screenplay for the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), and author of various sequel novels. He was also an advocate of space travel, and wrote non-fiction books on the subject, such as The Promise of Space (1968). Sir Arthur moved to Sri Lanka in 1956, most likely because it allowed him sexual access to boys. He died on March 9, 2008 at the age of 90.

Died on this date
Frank Gotch, 40
. U.S. wrestler. Mr. Gotch was world heavyweight champion from 1908-1913, and has been credited with popularizing professional wrestling in the United States in the 1900s and '10s. His world title matches against Georg Hackenschmidt in 1908 and 1911 are among the most famous in history. Mr. Gotch retired in 1913 while still champion and toured with a circus before returning home to Humboldt, Iowa, where he died of what was officially reported as uremic poisoning, although rumoured to be syphilis.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
Benjamin Purnell, 66
. U.S. religious leader. Mr. Purnell was "King of the Israelite House of David," a sect based in Benton Harbor, Michigan that subscribed to replacement theology, believing that they were true Israel. Mr. Purnell died of diabetes 11 days after losing a civil suit in which he was accused of fraud and sexually molesting daughters of sect members. The verdict was later overturned on appeal. Mr. Purnell, an alleged prophet, predicted that he would rise from the dead three days after his death, but that still hasn't occurred.

Marion Parker, 12. U.S. crime victim. Miss Parker, daughter of banker Perry Parker, was strangled and dismembered by William Hickman, 19, the day after being kidnapped from Mount Vernon Junior High School in Los Angeles. Mr. Hickman, who had been fired by Mr. Parker several years earlier and had served time in prison over a matter of stolen and forged cheques, demanded $1,500 ransom. The money was paid on December 17, with Miss Parker's body tied up in the car and made to appear alive, while in fact she was dead. Mr. Hickman drove off and dumped the body as soon as the ransom was paid; a manhunt ensued, and he was arrested in Echo, Oregon on December 22.

80 years ago
1937


Crime
Convicted bank robbers Ted Cole and Ralph Roe attempted to escape from the U.S. federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay during a dense fog by floating on large cans. According to eyewitness Alvin "Creepy" Karpis, the two were caught up in the swift currents and sucked beneath the surface of the water. They were never seen again, but authorities concluded that they probably drowned soon after their escape and were swept out to sea.

75 years ago
1942


Abominations
Nazi S.S. Reichsfuhrer Heinrich Himmler ordered that Roma (Gypsy) candidates for extermination be deported to the death camp at Auschwitz. The program became known as the Porajmos.

War
Russian forces began their third offensive against German forces west of the Don River between Voronezh and Stalingrad; Russians also scored two victories over German forces west of Surovikino, about 80 miles west of Stalingrad, and near Verkhni Kunsky, southwest of Stalingrad. A British column in Tunisia broke through to the Mediterranean Sea at Wadi Matratin and then turned southward, splitting retreating Axis forces in two.

Diplomacy
The Dominican Republic-Haiti boundary commission reached agreement in Ciudad Trujillo on their nations' border dispute.

Energy
The U.S. Office of Price Administration virtually suspended the sale of oil heaters and revealed plans to ration coal stoves and heaters beginning December 18, 1942.

70 years ago
1947


Defense
Honduras ratified the Inter-American Defense Treaty.

Technology
William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain built the first practical point-contact transistor.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman announced that tariff reductions for Australia, Canada, France, the United Kingdom, and the Benelux customs union agreed to at Geneva would go into effect on January 1, 1948.

The Argentine delegation to the United Nations Trade and Employment Conference in Havana offered to lend "deserving" countries up to $5 billion for long-term recovery projects to supplement the Marshall Plan.

Business
A U.S. federal grand jury in Boston indicted the Boston Fruit and Produce Exchange and 12 egg dealers for alleged conspiracy to fix New England egg prices.

Labour
The California Supreme Court ruled against movie producer Cecil B. De Mille in his effort to reduce the American Federation of Labor Federation of Radio Artists for refusing to pay a $1 political assessment.

Boxing
Former world lightweight champion Beau Jack (68-11-4) won a 10-round decision over Frankie Vigeant (25-6-3) in a welterweight bout at Hartford Auditorium in Hartford, Connecticut.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): #1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jailhouse Rock/Treat Me Nice--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--7th week at #1); April Love--Pat Boone (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); You Send Me--Sam Cooke (Top 100--1st week at #1)

Space
Professor K. Stanyukovich of the Soviet Commission for Interplanetary Travel predicted in a Moscow broadcast tha the U.S.S.R. would send a rocket to the Moon within two years.

Defense
U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air Garrison Norton rejected "Buck Rogers" talk of manned space vehicles, and told the Senate Armed Forces Preparedness subcommittee that the "number one business" was to develop a missile for military use.

Norwegian Prime Minister Einar Gerhardsen, backed by Danish Prime Minister H.C. Hansen, asked for postponement of a decision on the establishment of launching sites for U.S. missiles in western Europe.

Diplomacy
United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold named Francisco Urrutia Holguin of Colombia to mediate between Israel and Jordan on the disputed Israeli enclave of Mount Scopus in Jordanian Jerusalem.

Politics and government
Malik Firoz Khan Noon took office as Pakistani Prime Minister and Foreign Minister.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck (9th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Dans une Heure--Sheila (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): L'ora dell'amore--I Camaleonti

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Hello Goodbye--The Beatles

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Treat Me Daughter Kindly--Pat Lynch

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hello Goodbye--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Daydream Believer--The Monkees (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Daydream Believer--The Monkees (3rd week at #1)
2 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
3 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Gladys Knight and the Pips
4 The Rain, the Park and Other Things--The Cowsills
5 I Second that Emotion--Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
6 An Open Letter to My Teenage Son--Victor Lundberg
7 Incense and Peppermints--Strawberry Alarm Clock
8 I Say a Little Prayer--Dionne Warwick
9 You Better Sit Down Kids--Cher
10 In and Out of Love--Diana Ross & the Supremes

Singles entering the chart were Goin' Out of My Head/Can't Take My Eyes Off You by the Lettermen (#68); Monterey by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#76); My Baby Must Be a Magician by the Marvelettes (#77); Who Will Answer? by Ed Ames (#79); Good Combination by Sonny and Cher (#84); Two Little Kids by Peaches and Herb (#88); Am I That Easy to Forget by Engelbert Humperdinck (#89); Baby, Now that I've Found You by the Foundations (#98); and (1-2-3-4-5-6-7) Count the Days by Inez and Charlie Foxx (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
2 Lazy Day--Spanky and Our Gang
3 Stag-O-Lee--Wilson Pickett
4 I Say a Little Prayer--Dionne Warwick
5 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Gladys Knight and the Pips
6 Next Plane to London--The Rose Garden
7 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
8 (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees
9 Please Love Me Forever--Bobby Vinton
10 In and Out of Love--Diana Ross & the Supremes

Singles entering the chart were Chain of Fools by Aretha Franklin (#59); And Get Away by the Esquires (#71); Green Tambourine by the Lemon Pipers (#72); Dear Eloise by the Hollies (#78); In Another Land by Bill Wyman (#80); Nobody But Me by the Human Beinz (#82); Storybook Children by Billy Vera and Judy Clay (#83); Piece of My Heart by Erma Franklin (#86); Insanity Comes Quietly to the Ruptured Mind by Janis Ian (#90); Bottle of Wine by the Fireballs (#91); Snoopy's Christmas by the Royal Guardsmen (#92); (Alone) In My Room by Willie & the Walkers (#94); Bend Me, Shape Me by the American Breed (#95); Tears by the Fifth (#96); Judy in Disguise (With Glasses) by John Fred and his Playboy Band (#97); Dancin' Out of My Heart by Ronnie Dove (#98); I Can't Stand Myself (When You Touch Me) by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#99); and Everybody Knows by the Dave Clark Five (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Love of the Common People--Wayne Newton
2 Hello Goodbye/I Am the Walrus--The Beatles
3 Snoopy's Christmas--The Royal Guardsmen
4 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
5 Everlasting Love--Robert Knight
6 (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees
7 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
8 Beautiful People--Bobby Vee and the Strangers
9 Woman, Woman--The Union Gap
10 I Second that Emotion--Smokey Robinson and the Miracles

Singles entering the chart were She's a Rainbow by the Rolling Stones (#24); Chain of Fools by Aretha Franklin (#25); Love Power by the Sandpebbles (#27); Let the Heartaches Begin by Long John Baldry (#28); It's Wonderful by the Young Rascals (#29); and The Other Man's Grass (Is Always Greener) by Petula Clark (#30).

Died on this date
Basil Dean, 52
. U.K.-born Canadian journalist. Mr. Dean began his career in his native England, working for newspapers such as the London Daily Herald, before coming to Canada, where he worked at the Hamilton Spectator before serving as publisher of The Edmonton Journal from 1962 until his death, which came from a heart attack in his sleep while in Ottawa.

Politics and government
U.S. state governors from the Democratic Party, meeting in Sulphur Springs, West Virginia voiced criticism of U.S. President Lyndon Johnson and his Great Society social program. Iowa Governor Harold Hughes, chairman of the group, said that state leaders should have a greater part in developing party policy and that the federal government should not try to impose programs on the states without taking into regard local problems.

Disasters
Nine people were killed in an accidental quarry explosion near Schaffhausen, Switzerland.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (18th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood--Santa Esmeralda (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Es la Nostalgia--Jairo

Diplomacy
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin met in Washington with U.S. President Jimmy Carter to unveil Israel's latest peace proposal, which included restoration to Egypt of complete sovereignty over the Sinai Peninsula and to give Palestinians control over the internal affairs in the West Bank of the Jordan River and the Gaza Strip, with Israel to maintain a military presence in all three areas.

Transportation
Queen Elizabeth II unveiled the new underground link from central London to Heathrow - the first from a capital city to its major airport.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Whenever You Need Somebody--Rick Astley (2nd week at #1)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): House of Love--East 17 (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Let Nothing You Dismay

Transportation
The governments of Canada, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island signed a deal to build a 13-kilometre, $800-million bridge between P.E.I. and the Canadian mainland. The government of Canada was to supply $60 million for roads and to redevelop Borden and Cape Tormentine, New Brunswick. The Confederation Bridge did not yet have a name; one suggestion was: Span of Green Cables.

20 years ago
1997


Politics and government
The Senate of Canada voted to strip Senator Andrew Thompson of his office, secretary, telephone and most travel privileges. The former Ontario Liberal Party leader had attended only 3% of the chamber's sittings since 1990, and some Senators had never met him; he resigned from the upper chamber in March 1998.

Oddities
Dennō Senshi Porygon, an episode of the Japanese television series Pokémon, induced epileptic seizures in 685 children.

Disasters
Air Canada Flight 646, a CRJ-200 registered C-FSKI, crashed in a failed go-around at Fredericton, New Brunswick after hitting trees. All on-board miraculously survived.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Dan Fogelberg, 56
. U.S. musician. Mr. Fogelberg was a singer-songwriter who achieved his greatest success in the early 1980s with singles such as Longer (1980); Hard to Say (1981); and Leader of the Band (1981-82). He died after a long battle with prostate cancer.

Defense
British forces formally handed over to Iraq responsibility for Basra, the last Iraqi region under their control.

Friday, 15 December 2017

December 15, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rahim Jaffer!

550 years ago
1467


War
Forces of Prince Stephen III of Moldavia defeated forces of King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary in the Battle of Baia, in what is now Romania. The result ended all Hungarian claims on Moldavia.

180 years ago
1837


War
In the Lower Canada Rebellion, Governor Sir John Colborne marched from St-Eustache to St. Benoît, getting the remaining 150 Patriotes to surrender their arms without a fight.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
J. Paul Getty
. U.S. industrialist. Jean Paul Getty, son of a petroleum executive, made his first million dollars by 1916 and founded the Getty Oil Company in 1942. By 1957 he was named by Fortune magazine as the richest living American, and by 1966 he was regarded by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's richest person. He moved to England in the 1950s, and died there on June 6, 1976 at the age of 83.

100 years ago
1917


War
An armistice between Russia and the Central Powers was signed.

Hockey
NHL
The National Hockey League staged its first exhibition game, four days before the start of the regular season. The Montreal Canadiens and the Montreal Wanderers played a benefit for victims of the Halifax Explosion, which had occurred nine days earlier.

90 years ago
1927


Crime
Marion Parker 12, daughter of banker Perry Parker, was kidnapped from Mount Vernon Junior High School in Los Angeles and held for ransom of $1,500.

Scandal
Testifying before a U.S. Senate Committee in Washington, newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst and his agents submitted alleged stolen Mexican documents directing $1,215,000 to be paid to four Senators--$500,000 to James Borah (Republican--Idaho); $350,000 to Thomas Heflin (Democrat--Alabama); $350,000 to George Norris (Republican--Nebraska); and $15,000 to Bob LaFollette (Republican--Wisconsin). All four Senators made sworn denials. It was said in the documents that the money was to be paid by order of Mexican President P.E. Calles through A.M. Elias, his Consul General in New York City. Mr. Elias told the committee that the documents were spurious and that he had never made nor been asked to make any payments. On January 11, 1928, the Senate Committee reported that the documents were fraudulent and spurious.

75 years ago
1942


War
The Soviet government reported German counterattacks southwest and northwest of Stalingrad and on the central front had been repulsed this day. British reports from Tunisia indicated that Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps troops had mined the roads in their retreat from El Agheila, hampering British pursuit. The Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse between U.S. and Japanese forces began on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. In two days of air attacks on Buin, Bougainville Island and Munda, New Georgia Island, U.S. planes encountered no Japanese resistance.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Leonardo Argüello Barreto, 72
. President of Nicaragua, 1947. Dr. Argüello, a physician, joined the Liberal Party in 1912, and held several positions before losing the 1936 presidential election to General Anastasio Somoza Garcia. In 1947, Gen. Somoza declined to run for re-election, but proposed that Dr. Argüello run as the Liberal candidate. Dr. Argüello won, but the election was widely believed to be rigged. In his inaugural speech on May 1, Dr. Argüello said that he would not be a mere figurehead, which angered Gen. Somoza. On May 26, Gen. Somoza led a coup that deposed Dr. Argüello, who fled to exile at the Mexican embassy. After six months, Dr. Argüello moved to Mexico, and died in Mexico City after a brief illness.

War
The Allied Conference of Foreign Ministers ended in London after failing to agree on terms of the German and Austrian peace treaties; no new meeting date was set. The U.S.S.R. announced the withdrawal of its troops from Bulgaria under the peace treaty.

Defense
Admiral Louis Denfeld became U.S. chief of naval operations, as Admiral Chester Nimitz retired.

Politics and government
The Progressive Citizens of America executive council called on former U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace to become a third-party candidate for President of the United States in 1948.

Academia
U.S. President Harry Truman's 28-man Committee on Higher Education submitted a report urging the immediate abandonment of racial segregation and racial and religious quotas in U.S. colleges. The report also proposed increased federal aid to double college enrollment by 1960 and establish a network of community colleges.

Labour
Amos Ignacio, President of the Congress of Industrial Organizations International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Sugar Workers Union in Hawaii, announced his withdrawal from the CIO because of alleged Communist leadership. He and 4,000 followers planned to form a Union of Hawaiian Workers.

The Japanese cabinet announced a 40% cost-of-living increase in the wages of government workers, effective January 1, 1948.

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Deadly, starring Phyllis Thaxter and Lee Philips

Politics and government
Venezuelan President Marcos Perez Jiminez won an overwhelming vote of confidence in a plebiscite that returned him to office for a five-year term.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Daydream Believer--The Monkees (3rd week at #1)
2 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
3 (Alone) In My Room--Willie & the Walkers
4 (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees
5 Next Plane to London--The Rose Garden
6 Ten Little Indians--The Yardbirds
7 Incense and Peppermints--Strawberry Alarm Clock
8 Child of Clay--Jimmie Rodgers
9 Bottle of Wine--The Fireballs
10 Soul Man--Sam & Dave
Pick hit of the week: Love Me Two Times--The Doors
New this week: Bird Without Wings--3's a Crowd
Deep in the Night--The Candymen
The Lesson--Vikki Carr
Weakness in a Man--Brook Benton
If I Could Build My Whole World Around You--Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell

At the movies
Valley of the Dolls, starring Barbara Parkins, Sharon Tate, Patty Duke, and Susan Hayward, opened in theatres.

Politics and government
The Danish Social Democratic Party government of Prime Minister Jens Otto Krag fell after Parliament voted 92-85 with 2 abstentions to reject a bill, tied to a vote of non-confidence, to postpone a wage increase for workers scheduled for 1968; Mr. Krag then resigned and called a general election for January 23, 1968.

Disasters
46 people died when the Silver Bridge in Point Pleasant, West Virginia collapsed while it was full of rush-hour traffic. The disaster has been connected with alleged sightings of the large, winged creature known as the Mothman.

40 years ago
1977


On television tonight
James at 15, starring Lance Kerwin, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Apple Tree, the Singing and the Gold



Crime
Retired California Superior Court Judge Lee Duga convicted brothers Richard Schoenfeld, 26, and James Schoenfeld, 23, along with Frederick Woods, 26, of "causing bodily harm" to 3 of 26 children whom they admitted kidnapping aboard a school bus in Chowchilla, California on July 15, 1976. The ruling, after a 16-day, judge-only trial in Oakland, required life imprisonment of all three criminals without possibility of parole.

30 years ago
1987


Died on this date
Ray Malavasi, 57
. U.S. football coach. Mr. Malavasi was an assistant coach with several American Football League and National Football League clubs, and was twice named as a head coach to replace one who'd been fired. In 1966, Mac Speedie was fired as coach of the Denver Broncos of the AFL after the sedond game of the season. Mr. Malavasi was head coach for the remainder of the season, coaching the Broncos to a 4-8 record over the final 12 games. In 1978, George Allen was fired after 2 pre-season games as head coach of the Los Angeles Rams of the NFL; Mr. Malavasi took over as the team's head coach and remained in that position through 1982. The Rams posted a 12-4 record to finish first in the National Football Conference West Division in 1978, but were embarrassed 28-0 by the Dallas Cowboys in the NFC championship game. The Rams were just 9-7 in 1979, but finished first in their division and advanced to the Super Bowl for the first time in their history, losing 31-19 to the Pittsburgh Steelers. In 1980 the Rams were 11-5, finishing second in the NFC West and losing to the Cowboys in the wild card playoff game. Mr. Malavasi was fired after the Rams dropped to 6-10 in 1981 and 2-7 in the strike-shortened 1982 season. Mr. Malavasi's career regular season record as a head coach in the AFL and NFL was 44-41. He also served two seasons (1967-1968) as an assistant coach with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats of the Canadian Football League. The defense that he coached in 1967 didn't allow a touchdown in their last 6 games, including a 24-1 win over the Saskatchewan Roughriders in the Grey Cup. Mr. Malavasi died of a heart attack in Los Angeles.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Tubthumping--Chumbawumba (6th week at #1)
2 Sweet Surrender--Sarah McLachlan
3 Walkin' on the Sun--Smash Mouth
4 The Sound Of--Jann Arden
5 3 AM--Matchbox 20
6 I Do--Lisa Loeb
7 Back to You--Bryan Adams
8 Show Me Love--Robyn
9 As Long as You Love Me--Backstreet Boys
10 Surrounded--Chantal Kreviazuk

Singles entering the chart were Shoulder of the Road by Barney Bentall (#84); Promise Ain't Enough by Daryl Hall and John Oates (#85); Kiss the Rain by Billie Meyers (#90); Lollipop by Aqua (#91); Shine by Junkhouse (#93); and With These Eyes by Roch Voisine (#96).

Disasters
Tajikistan Airlines Flight 3183, a Tupolev Tu-154B-1 en route from Khujand, Tajikistan, crashed in the desert while on approach to Sharjah Airport, United Arab Emirates, killing all 79 passengers and 6 of seven crew members.

Football
CFL
The Edmonton Eskimos named Kay Stephenson as head coach, replacing Ron Lancaster, who had resigned after 7 seasons to become head coach of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats. Mr. Stephenson, a former quarterback in the American Football League and the World Football League, had compiled a record of 28-27-1 as head coach of the Sacramento Gold Miners/San Antonio Texans from 1993-1995, leading the Texans to a 12-6 record and a berth in the Southern Final in 1995.

Thursday, 14 December 2017

December 14, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Wendy Welt!

Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Eileen and Leo Sasakamoose!

730 years ago
1287


Disasters
50,000-80,000 people in the Netherlands and northern Germany were killed when the Zuiderzee sea wall collapsed, causing what became known as St. Lucia's flood.

600 years ago
1417


Died on this date
John Oldcastle, Lord Cobham, 39-57 (?)
. English religious leader. Sir John was a leader of the Lollards, who rejected Roman Catholic pilgrimages and doctrines such as the worship of saints and transubstantiation, and demanded that the Bible be translated into English. He was convicted of heresy in 1413 and imprisoned in the Tower of London, but escaped, and headed a revolt against his erstwhile friend King Henry V in January 1414. The revolt was unsuccessful, but Lord Cobham escaped again, and spent the better part of four years in Wales, until he was captured and brought back to London, where he was hanged at St. Giles-in-the-Fields Church and then burned at the stake as a traitor. Foxe's Book of Martyrs states that Sir John's execution took place in 1418.

475 years ago
1542


Died on this date
James V, 30
. King of Scots, 1513-1542. King James V died of a brief illness, just six days after the birth of his only surviving legitimate child, Princess Mary Stuart. She immediately succeeded him on the throne as Mary, Queen of Scots.

180 years ago
1837


War
In the Upper Canada Rebellion, Dr. Charles Duncombe and his 300 rebel followers dispersed as Colonel Alan MacNab's militia moved west from Hamilton to Sodom. Col. MacNab took 500 prisoners from the surrounding area over the next few days, but freed most of them after approval from Governor Arthur. In the Lower Canada Rebellion, Governor Sir John Colborne led 2,000 soldiers to the town of St-Eustache, in the County of Deux-Montagnes, 20 miles northwest of Montréal, and defeated a force of 400 rebels, led by Dr. Jean-Olivier Chénier and Amury Girod. Nearly 100 rebels were killed, including Dr. Chénier, in five hours of withering British cannon and grapeshot fire. Soldiers set fire to the church, and shot any who tried to escape by jumping out windows; 18 were taken prisoner, and the village was burned to the ground.

110 years ago
1907


Disasters
The schooner Thomas W. Lawson, the largest-ever ship without a heat engine, ran aground and foundered near the Hellweather's Reef within the Isles of Scilly in a gale, killing pilot William "Cook" Hicks and 16 seamen. Captain George W. Dow and engineer Edward L. Rowe were the only survivors, probably because they managed to get on deck from the rigging and jumped into the sea before the ship capsized.

100 years ago
1917

Born on this date
June Taylor
. U.S. dancer and choreographer. Miss Taylor danced in nightclubs before turning to choreography. She was best known for the June Taylor Dancers, who were featured on Jackie Gleason's television variety program in the 1950s and '60s. Miss Taylor won an Emmy Award in 1955. She choreographed the Miami Dolphins' cheerleaders from 1978-1990, and died on May 16, 2004 at the age of 86.

90 years ago
1927


Religion
The U.K. House of Lords voted 241-88 to approve the act authorizing the new Church of England Prayer Book.

Disasters
50 people were killed when fire destroyed the older part of the Hospice St. Charles Orphanage in Quebec City.

75 years ago
1942


War
Ethiopia declared war on Germany, Japan, and Italy. German forces in Tunisia commanded by Field Marshal Erwin Rommel moved back to a position near Buerat, 250 miles west of Mersa Brega, countering a British plan to trap his forces. Allied troops, mostly American, occupied the village of Buna on the northeastern coast of New Guinea. U.S. bombers attacked the Myohaung railroad junction near Mandalay, Burma.

World events
Argentine President Ramon Castillo decreed an indefinite state of siege under which public discussion of the international situation was banned and press was censored.

Politics and government
U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and Free French leader General Charles de Gaulle signed an agreement in London whereby Britain turned over administration of pacified Madagascar to the Free French.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of War Information announced that the U.S.A., U.K., and Canada had formed a joint committee to make recommendations to assure an adequate supply of Allied steel.

Business
The U.S. Supreme Court agreed to review the 1941 Federal Communications Commission order barring any company from owning more than one radio network and forbidding exclusive network contracts for affiliated stations.

Labour
The Bolivian government declared a state of siege after tin miners struck for a 100% pay increase plus a bonus.

70 years ago
1947


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Sussex Vampire

Died on this date
Stanley Baldwin, 80
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1923-1924, 1924-1929, 1935-1937. Mr.--later Earl--Baldwin, a Conservative, represented Bewdley in the House of Commons from 1905-1937. He became Conservative Party leader and Prime Minister after the resignation of Andrew Bonar Law because of illness, and led the party for the next 14 years. Mr. Baldwin is perhaps best remembered as being in office as Prime Minister during the debate on rearmament in the mid-1930s and the crisis surrounding the abdication of King Edward VIII in 1936. Mr. Baldwin resigned as Prime Minister shortly after the coronation of King George VI in 1937, and spent his last years in the House of Lords as Earl Baldwin of Bewdley.

Exploration
Commodore Finn Ronne's South Polar expedition concluded an aerial mapping program covering 230,000 square miles of hitherto unexplored territory.

Politics and government
Democratic Action Party candidate Romulo Gallegos was elected President of Venezuela in the country's first popular presidential election.

The Italian cabinet of Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi was expanded to include Right Socialists and Republican Party members.

Economics and finance
The Soviet government introduced several anti-inflation measures, including a 90% revaluation of the ruble; elimination of food rationing; and introduction of price ceilings on food and consumer goods.

Golf
Jimmy Demaret won the Miami Open, bringing his 1947 earnings to $26,556, highest among professional golfers.

Football
AAFC
Championship @ Yankee Stadium, New York
Cleveland 14 @ New York 3

Marion Motley rushed 33 times for 109 yards, and Otto Graham and Dub Jones rushed for touchdowns as the Browns defeated the Yankees before 60,103 fans to win their second straight All-America Football Conference championship. Mr. Motley rushed 51 yards to set up Mr. Graham's 1-yard quarterback sneak with 2 minutes remaining in the 1st quarter to open the scoring. Harvey Johnson kicked a 12-yard field goal for the Giants at 4:14 of the 2nd quarter. Neither offense could mount an attack after that until Tom Colella intercepted a pass from New York quarterback Spec Sanders and returned it to the New York 41-yard line in the 4th quarter. Mr. Graham marched the Browns downfield, and Mr. Jones rushed 4 yards for a touchdown with 4:56 remaining in the game. Lou Groza converted both touchdowns. The Yankees had two scoring chances in the final minutes, but lost a fumble and then took a penalty that moved them out of scoring range.



60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Around the World--Bing Crosby; Nat "King" Cole (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Siebenmal in der Woche--Vico Torriani (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Mary's Boy Child--Harry Belafonte (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You Send Me--Sam Cooke (2nd week at #1)
--Teresa Brewer
2 Raunchy--Bill Justis and his Orchestra
--Ernie Freeman
3 Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley
4 Silhouettes--The Rays
5 Kisses Sweeter than Wine--Jimmie Rodgers
6 April Love--Pat Boone
7 All the Way--Frank Sinatra
8 Peggy Sue--Buddy Holly
9 Chances Are--Johnny Mathis
10 Wake Up Little Susie--The Everly Brothers

Singles entering the chart were I'll Come Running Back to You by Sam Cooke (#39); No Love (But Your Love) by Johnny Mathis (#42); Penny Loafers and Bobby Socks by Joe Bennett and the Sparkletones (#50); Jingle Bell Rock by Bobby Helms (#54); A Very Special Love, with versions by Johnny Nash, and Debbie Reynolds (#57); and Santa and the Satellite by Buchanan and Goodman (#60). No Love (But Your Love) was the B-side of Wild is the Wind, charting at #26.

Space
General John Medaris, commander of the U.S. Army Ballistic Missile Agency at Huntsville, Alabama, said that the United States must develop "an engine with a million-pound thrust" by 1961 to remain in the space race.

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly rejected a Greek resolution calling for self-determination for Cyprus, after U.K. State Minister Allan Noble called the measure a disguised plea for Greek annexation of Cyprus.

Transportation
The Québec City airport opened at l'Ancienne-Lorette.

Scandal
A jury in Seattle convicted Teamsters union President Dave Beck of embezzling $1,900 received from the sale of a Cadillac owned by the Western Conference of Teamsters.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Love You Tokyo--Los Primos (5th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The People's Republic of South Yemen was admitted by acclamation to the United Nations, becoming the UN's 123rd member.

World events
The day after failing in an attempt to gain enough military support to launch a successful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels, King Constantine II fled Greece with his family and close advisers to exile in Rome.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson, who had been in office since April 1963, announced his intention to retire in the spring or early summer of 1968.

Disasters
A U.S. Navy plane with 14 aboard was reported missing on a flight from Alaska to Oak Harbor, Washington.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Mull of Kintyre--Wings (3rd week at #1)

At the movies
Saturday Night Fever, starring John Travolta and Karen Lynn Gorney, opened in theatres.

Diplomacy
Representatives of Egypt, Israel, the United States, and the United Nations met in Cairo to begin procedural negotiations for a future conference on Middle East peace. Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, the U.S.S.R., and Palestine Liberation Organization were all invited, but did not attend. U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance concluded his five-day tour of six Middle East countries to demonstrate U.S. support for a peace conference. As the Cairo meeting began, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin flew to the United States.

Terrorism
Achilleas Kyprianou, son of Cypriot President Spyros Kyprianou, was kidnapped by members of the right-wing group EOKA-B. Achilleas, a second lieutenant in the Cypriot National Guard, was seized at the gate of a military camp in the Troodas Mountains. EOKA-B, which wanted political union with Greece, demanded the release of 25 imprisoned members in exchange for Achilleas' life. President Kyprianou refused to release the prisoners, but promised that no action would be taken against the kidnappers if his son were released. Achilleas Kyrianou was released unharmed four days later.

Protest
Many American farmers, angered at the high cost of farming and the low prices received from what they produced, began a strike to seek the approval of U.S. President Jimmy Carter's administration's approval for higher floor prices for crops and 100% parity. The American Agriculture Movement, claiming the support of 800,000 of the U.S.A.'s 2.5 million farmers, said that they would refuse to buy equipment and supplies for spring planting unless the government came to the farmers' aid.

Hockey
WCHL
Exhibition
Moscow Selects 11 @ Calgary 3

This blogger and a classmate were among those in attendance at the Stampede Corral to see the Selects rout a team composed of Wranglers and other Western Canada Hockey League stars. John Paul Kelly opened the scoring for Calgary, but the game went downhill from there.

Baseball
The Boston Red Sox traded pitcher Ferguson Jenkins to the Texas Rangers for pitcher John Poloni and cash. Mr. Jenkins, who had previously played with the Rangers in 1974-1975, was 10-10 with an earned run average of 3.68 in 28 games with the Red Sox in 1977. Mr. Poloni was 1-0 with an ERA of 6.43 in 2 games with the Rangers, and 8-13 with a 5.15 ERA in 29 games with the Tucson Toros of the AAA Pacific Coast League in 1977.

The Milwaukee Brewers released infielder Ken McMullen, ending his 16-year major league career; he finished with a career batting average of .248 with 156 home runs and 606 runs batted in in 1,583 games. Mr. McMullen batted .228 with 5 homers and 19 RBIs in 63 games with the Brewers in 1977, and had the distinction of hitting a home run as a pinch hitter in his final plate appearance.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley (3rd week at #1)

Sport
Sprinter Ben Johnson was named Canada's Male Athlete of the Year.

Football
NFL
Chicago (10-3) 0 @ San Francisco (11-2) 41

Jerry Rice caught 3 touchdown passes from Steve Young to tie two NFL records as the 49ers routed the Bears before 63,509 fans at Candlestick Park. Mr. Rice, with his first TD, tied the record of 11 consecutive games scoring a touchdown. His third TD tied was his 18th of the season, tied the single season record for touchdown receptions in a season, set by Mark Clayton of the Miami Dolphins in 1984. Amazingly, Mr. Rice tied the record despite missing 3 games because of the NFL players' strike earlier in the season.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Simo Goes Poing!--KCD (4th week at #1)

War
A helicopter carrying refugees from Tkvarcheli, Abkhazia, Georgia was shot down, resulting in at least 52 deaths, including 25 children. The incident resulted in more concerted Russian military involvement on behalf of Abkhazia.

Politics and government
Ralph Klein officially took office as Premier of Alberta, replacing the retiring Don Getty.

Boxing
World heavyweight champion Riddick Bowe held a news conference and dumped his World Boxing Council championship belt into a garbage can, saying "If Lewis wants the belt, he has to get it out of the garbage." The WBC then declared Lennox Lewis the new WBC heavyweight champion. Mr. Bowe had defeated Evander Holyfield on November 13, 1992 to win the undisputed title, after signing an agreement with the WBC to make his first title defense--if he should defeat Mr. Holyfield--against the winner of the October 31, 1992 elimination bout in London between Mr. Lewis and Razor Ruddock. Mr. Lewis scored a 2-round technical knockout of Mr. Ruddock.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Tubthumping--Chumbawamba (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): As Long as You Love Me--Backstreet Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Something About the Way You Look Tonight/Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Barbie Girl--Aqua (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Stubby Kaye, 79
. U.S. actor. Mr. Kaye, born Bernard Solomon Kotzin, was best known for his supporting performances in the Broadway musical (1950) and film (1955) Guys and Dolls, and the Broadway musical (1956) and film (1959) Li'l Abner. He died of lung cancer.

Kurt Winter, 51. Canadian musician. Mr. Winter, a native of Winnipeg, was a guitarist and songwriter who was best known for being a member of the rock group The Guess Who from 1970-1974 and 1977-1979. He wrote the songs Hand Me Down World and Bus Rider, and co-wrote, with Guess Who leader Burton Cummings, songs such as Rain Dance; Runnin' Back to Saskatoon; and Clap for the Wolfman. Mr. Winter remained a resident of Winnipeg, preferred a life away from the music business in his later years, and died from the effects of years of heavy drinking.

Weather
This blogger was working at a Christmas tree lot, and it was so warm in Edmonton that there was no snow, and I was able to sit outside in shorts.

10 years ago
2007


Space
The Earth observation satellite RADARSAT-2 was launched for the Canadian Space Agency by the European-Russian company Starsem, using a Soyuz FG launch vehicle, from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. It was a commercial radar satellite with enhanced marine surveillance, ice monitoring, disaster management, environmental monitoring, resource management and mapping in Canada and around the world, built and managed by MacDonald Dettwiler and Associates (MDA), and assembled, integrated and tested at the David Florida Laboratory near Ottawa.

Tuesday, 12 December 2017

December 13, 2017

375 years ago
1642


Exploration
Dutch navigator Abel Tasman discovered New Zealand.

180 years ago
1837


War
In the Upper Canada Rebellion, Dr. Charles Duncombe ordered his 300 rebel followers in Brantford to disperse after learning of William Lyon Mackenzie's defeat at Toronto. Meanwhile, Mr. Mackenzie set up a provisional government and proclaimed the Republic of Canada on Navy Island in the Niagara River. In his proclamation, he declared, "We are wearied of these oppressions, and resolved to throw off the yoke. Rise Canadians! Rise as one man, and the glorious object of our wishes is accomplished." Mr. Mackenzie's flag was a tricolour bearing two stars, one for Upper Canada and one for Lower Canada, symbolizing the states who would enter the American union. Disgusted by a lack of support, he left a month later, and settled for a time in New York City. In the Lower Canada Rebellion, Sir John Colborne set out from Montréal toward St-Eustache with 1,800 British Army regulars and 200 militia in two brigades commanded by Colonel George Wetherall and Colonel John Maitland.

150 years ago
1867


Terrorism
A Fenian bomb exploded in Clerkenwell, London, killing six.

125 years ago
1892


Religion
The Cincinnati Presbytery of the U.S. Presbyterian Church voted 31-27 to suspend Henry P. Smith, professor at Lane Theological Seminary, for heresy.

110 years ago
1907


Society
The Social and Moral Reform Council for the province of Saskatchewan was formed.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
G.E. Sheldon, 74
. U.S. financial executive. Mr. Sheldon, secretary-treasurer of the Phenix Trust Company in Providence, Rhode Island, fatally shot his wife and himself.

Academia
L'Université de Montréal became a self-governing body separate from l'Université Laval.

Politics and government
U.S. President Calvin Coolidge named former Secretary of War Henry Stimson to succeed the late Major General Leonard Wood as Governor General of the Philippines.

80 years ago
1937


Abominations
Japanese troops under the command of General Matsui Iwane destroyed much of the Chinese capital of Nanking, murdered 150,000 male "war prisoners" and 50,000 male civilians, and raped at least 20,000 women and girls in what became known as the Rape of Nanking.

75 years ago
1942


War
U.S. planes sank a ship and started fires in heavy raids on the three main Tunisian ports of Bizerte, Tunis, and Sousse. Chinese forces claimed to have repulsed Japanese forces attempting to cross the Salween River from the west in Yunan Province.

Football
NFL
Championship @ Griffith Stadium, Washington
Chicago Bears 6 @ Washington 14

Two years after being humiliated 73-0 at home by the Bears in the NFL championship game, the Redskins defeated the previously undefeated Bears before 36,006 fans to win their second National Football League title. The Bears opened the scoring early in the 2nd quarter when Lee Artoe returned a fumble 52 yards for a touchdown. Mr. Artoe missed the convert, and the Bears led 6-0. Later in the quarter, Washington quarterback Sammy Baugh completed a 39-yard touchdown pass to Wilbur Moore. Bob Masterson converted to put the Redskins ahead 7-6. Andy Farkas rushed 1 yard for a touchdown midway through the 3rd quarter, and Mr. Masterson converted to give the Redskins a 14-6 lead. Neither team mounted mush of an offense: the Bears rushed for 102 yards and passed for 119, while the Redskins rushed for 104 and passed for just 66. Mr. Baugh completed 5 of 13 passes for 66 yards and 2 interceptions, while Chicago quarterbacks Sid Luckman and Charlie O’Rourke completed 8 of 17 for 119 yards and 3 interceptions. The Bears had posted an 11-0 record during the regular season, while the Redskins had been 10-1.



70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Ballerina--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Near You--Francis Craig and his Orchestra (10th week at #1)
--Larry Green and his Orchestra
--The Andrews Sisters
--Alvino Rey and his Orchestra
--Elliot Lawrence and his Orchestra
2 You Do--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro
--Margaret Whiting
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
3 Ballerina--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Buddy Clark
4 How Soon (Will I Be Seeing You)--Jack Owens
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro
--Dinah Shore
5 Civilization (Bongo, Bongo, Bongo)--Danny Kaye and the Andrews Sisters
--Louis Prima and his Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
--Ray McKinley and his Orchestra
6 I Wish I Didn't Love You So--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
--Dick Haymes
--Betty Hutton
7 So Far--Frank Sinatra
--Perry Como
--Margaret Whiting
8 --And Mimi--Art Lund
--Dick Haymes
9 I Have But One Heart (O Marinariello)--Vic Damone
10 Whiffenpoof Song--Bing Crosby with Fred Waring and the Glee Club

Singles entering the chart were the version of Ballerina by Buddy Clark and Curiosity by Stan Kenton and his Orchestra (#31).

Died on this date
Henry James, 68
. U.S. writer. Mr. James, the son of psychologist William James and nephew of novelist Henry James, won the 1931 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography for Charles W. Eliot, President of Harvard University, 1869-1901 (1930).

Terrorism
Bombings attributed to the Jewish organization Irgun Zvai Leumi caused 16 deaths and 67 injuries in the Jaffa and Arab sectors of Jerusalem.

Business
The U.S. Justice Department sued the Du Pont Company on charges of monopolizing the cellophane industry, claiming that the firm had handled over two-thirds of all U.S. cellophane sales in 1946.

Sport
NCAA
The Missouri Valley Conference, meeting in Kansas City, voted to ban all racial bias in athletic affairs by September 1950.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Only You (And You Alone)--The Platters (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Mary's Boy Child--Harry Belafonte (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: Dead on 'B' Deck

Defense
U.S. Defense Department director of guided missiles William Holaday announced plans to "accelerate" the Atlas missile program.

Crime
A U.S. federal jury in Chicago indicted former Laundry and Dry Cleaners International Union secretary-treasurer Eugene James on charges of evading $562,982 in income taxes.

Disasters
An earthquake in western Iran destroyed the village of Farsinaj, killing 1,266 inhabitants.

1,200 people were killed when an earthquake struck outer Mongolia.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Hello Goodbye--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck (7th week at #1)
2 (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees
3 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
4 The Letter--The Box Tops
5 The Two of Us--Jackie Trent and Tony Hatch
6 My Prayer/Don't Let Your Left Hand Know--The Vibrants
7 There's Always Me/Judy--Elvis Presley
8 Gimme Little Sign--Brenton Wood
9 Alternate Title--The Monkees
10 Snoopy's Christmas--The Royal Guardsmen

Singles entering the chart were Snoopy's Christmas; In and Out of Love by Diana Ross & the Supremes (#29); Hello Goddbye/I Am the Walrus by the Beatles (#32); Sadie (The Cleaning Lady) by Johnny Farnham (#34); Big Boss Man by Elvis Presley (#36); Annabelle Lee/Seems More Important to Me by the Groop (#37); and The Rain, the Park and Other Things by the Cowsills (#38).

Space
The United States launched the satellite Pioneer 8 into a heliocentric Earth orbit; its purpose was to take measurements of particles and fields over the solar cycle at widely separated points in interplanetary space. Pioneer 8 also carried a "piggyback satellite," Test and Training Satellite (TTS)-1, a secondary objective payload for the checkout, training, and development of MSFN stations and techniques. The two satellites were in different orbits.

World events
Deposed King Constantine II of Greece failed in an attempt to gain enough military support to launch a successful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels. The militry junta named a cabinet with Colonel George Papadopoulos as Prime Minister and appointed a "regent" and "viceroy" to replace the King. The junta announced in a broadcast that "adventurers...misled the King."

Disasters
18 people were killed and 15 injured in Iwiny, Poland when a small lake broke its bank and flooded the community.

40 years ago
1977


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: A Child is Given

Disasters
Air Indiana Flight 216, a Douglas DC-3, crashed soon after it took off in dense fog from Evansville Regional Airport in southwestern Indiana, killing all 26 passengers and 3 crew members aboard, including the University of Evansville basketball team, support staff, and boosters of the team. The team was on its way to Nashville for a game against Middle Tennessee University.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Faith--George Michael (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: La Bamba--Los Lobos (9th week at #1)

Football
NFL
New York Giants (4-9) 24 @ St. Louis (6-7) 27

31,324 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium saw the Cardinals play their last home game after 28 seasons in St. Louis. They became the Phoenix Cardinals in 1988.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Would I Lie to You?--Charles & Eddie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Die da--Die Fantastischen Vier (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Die da--Die Fantastischen Vier

Died on this date
C.V. Whitney, 93.
U.S. businessman. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, the son of Harry Payne Whitney an Gertrude Vanderbilt, inherited a large fortune, but proved to be capable in his own right, founding mining interests and producing films such as The Searchers (1956). He served in both world wars, and was Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (1947-1949) and Undersecretary of Commerce in the U.S. administration of President Harry Truman. Mr. Whitney was also known as an author, sportsman, philanthropist, and patron of the arts.

K.C. Irving, 93. Canadian industrialist. A native of Bouctouche, New Brunswick, Mr. Irving formed the Irving Oil Company in the 1920s and extended his business interests to include transportation, oil refining, mining, pulp and paper, and communications. His fortune was estimated to be $8.5 billion at the time of his death.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Breathe--Midge Ure (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John (12th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Savoir aimer--Florent Pagny (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Barbie Girl--Aqua (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Barbie Girl--Aqua (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Teletubbies say "Eh-oh!"--Teletubbies

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Candle in the Wind 1997/Something About the Way You Look Tonight--Elton John (10th week at #1)

Football
NFL
Miami 0 @ Indianapolis 41

NCAA
University of Michigan cornerback Charles Woodson became the first predominantly defensive player to win the Heisman Trophy as the outstanding college player in the United States, surpassing Tennessee quarterback Peyton Manning in the voting. Notre Dame end Leon Hart, a pure two-way player, was the last lineman to win the award, in 1949.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Floyd Westerman, 71
. U.S. actor and musician. Mr. Westerman celebrated his Native American heritage and had a successful career as a country singer before appearing in television programs and movies such as Dances with Wolves (1990) and The Doors (1991). He died of leukemia.

Business
Shareholders of Dow Jones & Company, publisher of The Wall Street Journal, approved a takeover by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation.

Scandal
The Mitchell Report on performance-enhancing drugs in baseball was released, implicating seven Most Valuable Players and 31 All-Stars.

Former Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney appeared before a House of Commons ethics committee, which was seeking to verify the allegations of German-born Canadian businessman Karlheinz Schreiber, who was being held in a Toronto prison pending extradition to his home country to be tried for fraud and tax evasion. In March 2007, shortly after his extradition was endorsed by the Supreme Court of Canada, Mr. Schreiber brought a lawsuit against Mr. Mulroney in the Ontario Superior Court in relation to a payment of $300,000 that was to have been made to Mr. Mulroney, while he was Member of Parliament for Charlevoix, in exchange for business start-up services.

December 12, 2017

230 years ago
1787


Americana
Pennsylvania became the 2nd state to ratify the United States Constitution.

200 years ago
1817


Died on this date
Tekle Giyorgis I, 66 (?)
. Emperor of Ethiopia, 1779-1784; 1788-1789; 1794-1795; 1795-1796; 1798-1799; 1800. Tekle Giyorigs I, the youngest son of Emperor Yohannes II, was deposed five times; his last term as Emperor lasted three months, and he spent the rest of his life in the provinces of Waldebba and Tigré.

180 years ago
1837


War
In the Upper Canada Rebellion, Colonel Allan MacNab's militia troops skirmished with the first of Dr. Charles Duncombe's rebel force at Sodom; the news had spread of William Lyon Mackenzie's defeat at Toronto, and Dr. Duncombe's body of 300 rebels prepared to disperse. In the Lower Canada Rebellion, Dr. Wolfred Nelson was captured and jailed after leading the rebels at the Battle of St-Denis.

125 years ago
1892


Politics and government
Joseph-Adolphe Chapeau was installed as Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec, serving until January 29, 1898.

120 years ago
1897


Popular culture
The Katzenjammer Kids, the pioneering comic strip by Rudolph Dirks, made its first appearance, in the New York Journal Sunday supplement American Humorist.

Braziliana
Belo Horizonte, the first planned city in Brazil, was founded.

100 years ago
1917


Society
Father Edward J. Flanagan founded Boys Town in Omaha, Nebraska as a farm village for wayward boys.

90 years ago
1927


Politics and government
In Oklahoma City, troops called out by Oklahoma Governor H.S. Johnston held the state Capitol under arms and barred from its halls the State legislators called to hear impeachment charges against Mr. Johnston. The Assembly meeting outside the Capitol voted charges against the Governor.

80 years ago
1937


War
During the Sino-Japanese War, the gunboat USS Panay was sunk by Japanese warplanes in Chinese waters.

Football
NFL
Championship @ Wrigley Field, Chicago
Washington 28 @ Chicago Bears 21

Rookie quarterback Sammy Baugh completed threw touchdown passes of 55 and 78 yards to Wayne Millner and 35 yards to Ed Justice in the 3rd quarter as the Redskins won their first NFL title before 15,878 fans. Cliff Battles of the Redskins opened the scoring with a 7-yard touchdown rush in the 1st quarter, but Chicago’s Jack Manders scored 2 touchdowns in 3 minutes and 13 seconds later in the quarter, on a 10-yard rush and a 37-yard pass from Bernie Masterson. Riley Smith converted all Washington touchdowns, while Mr. Manders did the same for the Bears. There was no scoring in the 2nd and 4th quarters. Mr. Baugh completed 17 of 34 passes for 358 yards; Mr. Masterson and Ray Buivid shared the Bears’ quarterbacking and combined to complete just 7 of 28 passes for 172 yards and 3 interceptions. Mr. Manders led all rushers with 64 yards on 10 carries, while Mr. Millner led all receivers with 181 yards on 8 receptions.



75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): White Christmas--Bing Crosby (7th week at #1)

War
German troops began Operation Winter Storm, an attempt to relieve encircled Axis forces during the Battle of Stalingrad. Soviet authorities claimed that 169,000 German soldiers had been killed and 74,500 taken prisoner in the Russian offensive around Stalingrad.

Crime
An arsonist, reputedly a German agent, set a fire in the Knights of Columbus hostel in St. John's, Newfoundland during the live radio broadcast of Uncle Tim's Barn Dance, killing 99 people and seriously injuring another 109, mostly military personnel and their dates. The hall was a firetrap with doors that opened inward; while the fire station was just 180 metres away, the fire did its damage in just nine minutes.

Labour
For the second time, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt directed Montgomery Ward and Company of Chicago to obey a National War Labor Board order and sign a maintenance-of-member contract with the Congress of Industrial Organizations.

Horse racing
Whirlaway, with Wendell Eads up, won the Louisiana Handicap in New Orleans.

Tennis
The United States Lawn Tennis Association ranked Frederick Schroeder and Pauline Betz as the top male and female players, respectively, in the annual rankings.

70 years ago
1947


Politics and government
The United Nations Trusteeship Council on Jerusalem reached agreement on a police force for the city and a balance of power between Jewish and Arab factions.

Protest
200,000 workers ended a one-day general strike in Rome after the Italian government agreed to provide an additional $18 million for public works and release 400 strikers who had been arrested for disorder.

Police clashed with students in Panama City who were demonstating against the recent agreement on defense installations concluded between the American and Panamanian governments.

Economics and finance
India and Pakistan reached an agreement on the division of British India's assets, giving Pakistan $227 million of the colony's treasury balance, 17.5% of its liabilities, and one-third of its military supplies.

Labour
United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis withdrew the union from the American Federation of Labor in a dispute over observance of the Taft-Hartley Act--which Mr. Lewis opposed--and influence on the AFL board.

60 years ago
1957


Aviation
U.S. Air Force Major Adrian Drew established a world speed record for manned aircraft of 1,207.6 miles per hour, flying an F101A Voodoo fighter-bomber over a 10-mile course at Edwards Air Force Base, California.

Americana
The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the U.S. population at 172,327,000.

Politics and government
Labour Party leader Walter Nash took office as Prime Minister of New Zealand following his party's recent victory in the recent general election.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations convention re-elected George Meany as President and William Schnitzler as Secretary-Treasurer.

50 years ago
1967


On television tonight
The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Ransom



Politics and government
A month after defeating former movie star Shirley Temple Black for the Republican Party nomination, Paul McCloskey was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in California's 11th District.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mull of Kintyre--Wings

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Wakareuta--Miyuki Nakajima

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Oxygène (Part 4)--Jean Michel Jarre

Died on this date
Frank Boucher, 76
. Canadian hockey player and coach. Mr. Boucher, a native of Ottawa, was one of four brothers who played in the National Hockey League. Frank played centre with the Ottawa Senators in 1921-22 before playing with the Vancouver Maroons of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association and then the Western Canada Hockey League from 1922-26. He then returned to the NHL with the New York Rangers (1926-38, 1943-44), where he achieved his greatest success, playing on Stanley Cup championship teams in 1928 and 1933, and centring the "Bread Line" between brothers Bill and Bun Cook. Mr. Boucher won the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy as the NHL's most gentlemanly player seven times in eight seasons from 1927-35, and the league finally gave him the original trophy to keep. Mr. Boucher played 660 regular season professional games, scoring 513 points on 217 goals and 296 assists, with 17 goals and 21 assists in 59 playoff games. He coached the Rangers from 1939-49 and 1953-54, compiling a regular season record of 181-263-83 in 527 games. Mr. Boucher coached the Rangers to the Stanley Cup championship in 1940, their last championship until 1994. He served as the Rangers' general manager from 1946-55, with diminishing success as the years went on. Mr. Boucher was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1958; he died of cancer.

Health
Chicago-based Velsicol Chemical Corporation and six of its present and past employees were indicted on charges of conspiring to hide test data that allegedly showed that two of its pesticides could produce cancer in humans. It was the first time that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency had sought action over the alleged failure of a company to report adverse product information.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: La Bamba--Los Lobos (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Faith--George Michael (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Faith--George Michael (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Fairytale of New York--The Pogues featuring Kirsty MacColl

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): China in Your Hand--T'Pau (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): China in Your Hand--T'Pau (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Faith--George Michael

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Faith--George Michael
2 Heaven is a Place on Earth--Belinda Carlisle
3 (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes
4 Should've Known Better--Richard Marx
5 Is This Love--Whitesnake
6 Shake Your Love--Debbie Gibson
7 We'll Be Together--Sting
8 So Emotional--Whitney Houston
9 Don't You Want Me--Jody Watley
10 The One I Love--R.E.M.

Singles entering the chart were What Have I Done to Deserve This by Pet Shop Boys with Dusty Springfield (#71); Because of You by Cover Girls (#88); and Reason to Live by Kiss (#89).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes
2 I Think We're Alone Now--Tiffany
3 Faith--George Michael
4 Heaven is a Place on Earth--Belinda Carlisle
5 Mony Mony (Live)--Billy Idol
6 Got My Mind Set on You--George Harrison
7 Try--Blue Rodeo
8 Pop Goes the World--Men Without Hats
9 We'll Be Together--Sting
10 I've Been in Love Before--Cutting Crew

Singles entering the chart were Everywhere by Fleetwood Mac (#85); In God's Country by U2 (#88); Motortown by the Kane Gang (#91); Once Upon a Long Ago by Paul McCartney (#92); Only the Strong Survive by Bryan Adams (#95); Closer Every Day by the Jitters (#96); and Rain in the Summertime by the Alarm (#97).

Defense
During a visit to Denmark, U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz called on America's North Atlantic Treaty Organization allies to sharply increase their defense spending.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): End of the Road--Boyz II Men (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kurisumas ukyaroru no koroni ha--Junichi Inagaki (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Because the Night--Co.Ro featuring Tarlisa (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Sweat (A La La La La Long)--Inner Circle (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Dur dur d'être bébé!--Jordy (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Letter--Wayne Newton
2 I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston
3 If I Ever Fall in Love--Shai
4 Rump Shaker--Wreckx-N-Effect
5 How Do You Talk to an Angel--The Heights
6 I'd Die Without You--PM Dawn
7 Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap!
8 Good Enough--Bobby Brown
9 Real Love--Mary J. Blige
10 To Love Somebody--Michael Bolton

Singles entering the chart were Deeper and Deeper by Madonna (#35); Give it Up, Turn it Loose by En Vogue (#53); Everything's Gonna Be Alright by Father MC (#77); Baby, I Believe in You by George LaMond (#79); I Love You Period. by Dan Baird (#83); and Quality Time by Hi-Five (#90). The presence of The Letter at #1 should probably be headlined under "Scandal." According to this blog post and this forum post, Cash Box was accused of rigging its country charts in a late-1980s version of payola. A new chart director, Kevin Hughes, who was apparently going to expose and clean up the operation, was murdered by former chart director Richard D'Antonio (see here, and the court record of Mr. D'Antonio's unsuccessful appeal here). As for The Letter, it topped the Cash Box pop and country charts, while not even appearing on the Billboard Hot 100 or Adult Contemporary charts. It also failed to chart in Canada, as far as I've seen. The Letter appeared as a track on an album by Mr. Newton; as a single, it was apparently released as a cassette single that was shipped to media outlets, and was never commercially available. I was still listening to the radio in 1992, and I never heard the song; in fact, I never heard of it until I saw it listed on the Cash Box chart.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Song Instead of a Kiss--Alannah Myles (4th week at #1)
2 How Do You Talk to an Angel--The Heights
3 Layla--Eric Clapton
4 To Love Somebody--Michael Bolton
5 Do You Believe in Us--Jon Secada
6 Who's Gonna Ride Your Wild Horses--U2
7 Drive--R.E.M.
8 Keep the Faith--Bon Jovi
9 I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston
10 Love Can Move Mountains--Celine Dion

Singles entering the chart were Stand Up (Kick Love Into Motion) by Def Leppard (#61); Deeper and Deeper by Madonna (#76); 7 by Prince (#82); Paper Doll by Fleetwood Mac (#84); Stop the World by Extreme (#87); Soul Drifter by Lindsey Buckingham (#88); The Mind of Love (Where is...) by k.d. lang (#89); and Ignoreland by R.E.M. (#91).

Married on this date
Princess Anne and Timothy Laurence
. The small family ceremony in Scotland was the second marriage for the Princess Royal and the first for the Royal Navy Commander.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Barbie Girl--Aqua (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Will Come to You--Hanson

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Perfect Day--Various Artists (3rd week at #1)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Ike Turner, 76
. U.S. musician. Mr. Turner was a guitarist and pianist who was one of the influential figures of early rock and roll as leader of the Kings of Rhythm; their single Rocket 88 (1951), credited to Jackie Brenston and the Kings of Rhythm, is considered by some to be the first rock and roll record. Mr. Turner achieved his greatest success in the 1960s and early '70s with his wife Tina, performing as the Ike and Tina Turner Revue. The couple broke up in 1976, and Mr. Turner's later years were plagued by drug addiction and legal problems. He died of a cocaine overdose, and he was also suffering from emphysema.