Tuesday, 27 June 2017

June 28, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, James Remnant!

1,250 years ago
767


Died on this date
Paul I, 66 or 67
. Roman Catholic Pope, 757-767. Paul I succeeded his brother Stephen II as pope. Pope Paul's reign reign was dominated by relations with the Frankish and Lombard kings and with the Eastern emperor. His death resulted in rival claims for papal throne by antipopes Constanine II and Philip before Stephen III was elected Pope in 768.

210 years ago
1807


War
In the second British invasion of the Río de la Plata, John Whitelocke landed at Ensenada in an attempt to recapture Buenos Aires.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Luigi Pirandello
. Italian writer. Mr. Pirandello wrote novels, short stories, and poems, but was best known for his plays. He was awarded the 1934 Nobel Prize in Literature for "his almost magical power to turn psychological analysis into good theatre." Mr. Pirandello died on December 10, 1936 at the age of 69.

125 years ago
1892


Defense
The U.S. Navy battleship USS Texas was launched at Norfolk, Virginia.

75 years ago
1942


War
German forces started their strategic summer offensive--codenamed Fall Blau (Case Blue)--in southern Russia. The U.S. Navy reported that four Japanese aircraft carriers--the Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu--had been sunk during the Battle of Midway. The U.S. Western Defense Command announced that German and Italian aliens would be permitted to return to their homes in that area.

Defense
Brazilian Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aranha announced that all of Brazil's ocean-going merchant marine would be placed under the jurisdiction of the Allied Shipping Control Board.

Education
The U.S. National Education Association proposed the creation of a nationwide teachers placement service to be established and controlled by the U.S. Employment Service.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)--Perry Como

Diplomacy
A document submitted to the United Nations Palestine Inquiry Commission in Jerusalem by the Irgun Zvai Leumi terrorist organization demanded the creation of a Jewish state covering Palestine and Transjordan.

Yugoslavia rejected the United Nations Balkan Inquiry Commission's request for permission to investigate charges of Greek guerrilla encampments in Yugoslavian territory.

War
Stern Gang gumen fired on British soldiers outside a theatre in Tel Aviv, killing three and wounding two.

Former Baltimore journalist Douglas Chandler was convicted in Boston of 10 counts of treason for acting as a Nazi broadcaster during World War II.

Politics and government
The Progressive Citizens of America, meeting in Chicago, approved a resolution stating that a third party may be required in the 1948 elections to give American voters a political choice.

Religion
The Central Conference of American Rabbis, a reform group, voted in Montreal to retain a 1909 resolution opposing marriages between Jews and unconverted non-Jews.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (13th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Puttin' on the Style/Gamblin' Man--Lonnie Donegan

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department rejected requests from 11 Arab states that the United States suspend military aid to France on the grounds that U.S. arms were being used against Algerian nationalists.

Society
The U.S. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People awarded its Spingarn Medal for high achievement to Montgomery, Alabama civil rights leader Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Reconstruction Finance Corporation suspended operations.

Baseball
Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick removed three Cincinnati Redlegs from the starting lineup of the July 9 major league All-Star Game at St. Louis after Cincinnati fans stuffed the ballot box. First baseman George Crowe and outfielders Gus Bell and Wally Post were removed and replaced by first baseman Stan Musial of the St. Louis Cardinals and outfielders Willie Mays of the New York Giants and Hank Aaron of the Milwaukee Braves. Fans weren't allowed to vote again for All-Star Game starting lineups until 1970.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 This is My Song--Petula Clark (4th week at #1)
2 Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw
3 When I was Young--Eric Burdon & the Animals
4 New York Mining Disaster 1941--Bee Gees
5 Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
6 The Girls in Paris--Lee Hazlewood
7 The Happening--The Supremes
8 Young Girl-The Twilights
9 Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas
10 Don't Blame the Children--Sammy Davis, Jr.

Singles entering the chart were A Whiter Shade of Pale by Procol Harum (#25); Waterloo Sunset by the Kinks (#31); and Finchley Central by the New Vaudeville Band (#40).

World events
Israel declared Jerusalem reunified under its sovereignty following its capture of the Arab sector in the Six-Day War.

Protest
Two days of rioting by Negroes on the east side of Buffalo, New York concluded, resulting in widespread vandalism.

40 years ago
1977


Politics and government
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 7-2 to uphold a law passed by Congress in 1974 that directed the U.S. government to control Richard Nixon's presidential papers and tape recordings. Mr. Nixon had challenged the law on the grounds of separation of powers; protection of privacy; prohibition against bills of attainder; right of association; and privilege for confidential communications. The court majority held that Congress had a right to treat Mr. Nixon as "a legitimate class of one" in passing a special law regarding his papers, because the case arose in "a context unique in the history of the presidency," requiring "immediate action," due to the danger that some of the 42 million documents and 880 tapes might be destroyed.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (2-1) 20 @ Ottawa (1-1-1) 36
Winnipeg (3-0) 34 @ British Columbia (1-2) 17

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston

#1 single in France: Viens boire un p'tit coup à la maison--License IV (12th week at #1)

War
For the first time in military history, a civilian population was targeted for chemical attack when Iraqi warplanes bombed the Iranian town of Sardasht.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (1-1) 1 @ British Columbia (1-0) 44

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): White Men Can't Jump--Riff

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap!

Disasters
An earthquake measuring 7.4 on the Richter scale—the highest reading in California in 40 years—struck southern California. Its epicentre was in Yucca Valley, about 90 miles east of Los Angeles. A second quake, measuring 6.5 with an epicentre about 20 miles west of the first quake, struck three hours later. One child was killed, 350 people were injured, and damage was estimated at $16 million.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (1-2) 28 @ Calgary (2-1) 36

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Around the World--Daft Punk (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Love and Respect--Supa T & the Party Animals

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Ecuador--Sash! (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): María--Ricky Martin (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): MMMBop--Hanson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (3rd week at #1)

Boxing
Evander Holyfield (34-3) retained his World Boxing Association world heavyweight title when former champion Mike Tyson (45-3), who had lost the title to Mr. Holyfield seven months earlier, was disqualified at the end of the 3rd round for biting and bloodying both of Mr. Holyfield's ears. The bites left Mr. Holyfield howling in pain and resulted in Mr. Tyson's disqualification and permanent ban from fighting in Nevada. The ban was lifted 16 months later.



10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Eugene Fluckey, 93
. U.S. military officer. Rear Admiral Fluckey, nicknamed "Lucky Fluckey," received the Medal of Honor and four Navy Crosses for his service as a U.S. Navy submarine commander during World War II.

Kiichi Miyazawa, 87. Prime Minister of Japan, 1991-1993. Mr. Miyazawa, a member of the Liberal Democratic Party, was first elected to the Diet in 1953, and held various positions before becoming Prime Minister. He resigned after his government lost a non-confidence vote.

Environment
The American bald eagle was removed from the endangered species list.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (1-0) 24 @ Toronto (0-1) 22
Winnipeg (0-0-1) 39 @ Edmonton (0-0-1) 39

Charles Roberts rushed 2 yards for his fourth touchdown of the game, and Troy Westwood's convert tied the game in the first overtime possession to give the Blue Bombers their tie against the Eskimos before 33,038 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Neither team was able to score in the second overtime possession. Edmonton quarterback Ricky Ray, who completed 33 of 42 passes for 394 yards and 5 touchdowns, connected with Jason Tucker for his second touchdown of the game in the first overtime possession. The Blue Bombers had forced the overtime on a 15-yard touchdown pass from Kevin Glenn to Milt Stegall with 31 seconds remaining in regulation time, converted by Mr. Westwood, 2 minutes 17 seconds after Mr. Ray had completed a 4-yard TD pass to Kamau Peterson to put the Eskimos ahead. Edmonton running back Tyler Ebell played his first Canadian Football League game, rushing 16 times for 132 yards--including a 56-yard burst from deep in Edmonton territory--and catching 7 passes for 35 yards, including a 5-yard TD from Mr. Ray to open the scoring 4 minutes into the game. Former British Columbia Lion T.J. Acree, playing his first game as an Eskimo, led Edmonton receivers with 9 receptions for 123 yards.

June 27, 2017

150 years ago
1867


War
Liberal forces in Mexico captured Vera Cruz.

100 years ago
1917


Died on this date
Karl Allmenröder, 21
. German military aviator. Leutnant Allmenröder flew in teh German Air Service's Jagdstaffel 11 under the command of Manfred von Richtofen, and recorded 30 combat victories from February 16-June 26, 1917. He was shot down and died in a crash near Zillebeke, Belgium.

90 years ago
1927


Politics and government
Japanese Prime Minister Tanaka Giichi convened a "Far East Conference" with members of the Japanese Foreign Ministry, Army Ministry, Navy Ministry, and Finance Ministry to discuss Japan's plans for China; later, a document detailing these plans, the "Tanaka Memorial" was leaked, although it is now considered a forgery.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sleepy Lagoon--Harry James and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Bruce Johnston!
The Beach Boys’ musician is one week younger than the group's founder and leader, Brian Wilson. Mr. Johnston was born Benjamin Baldwin in Peoria, Illnois and adopted by a family from Chicago named Johnston, who moved to Los Angeles. Mr. Johnston wrote and produced records as a teenager for artists such as the Gamblers and Ron Holden, and performed on his own and with Terry Melcher as Bruce & Terry. When Brian Wilson quit touring with the Beach Boys at the end of 1964, session guitarist Glen Campbell replaced him on tour in the early months of 1965, but decided to pursue a solo career instead of joining the group full-time. Mr. Johnston joined the Beach Boys on tour on April 9, 1965, and joined them in the studio for the first time when California Girls was recorded a month later. He didn't appear on the front cover of a Beach Boys' album until Friends (1968), although he can be seen in photos on the back cover of Pet Sounds (1966), and was present at photo sessions for several earlier albums. Mr. Johnston's composition Tears in the Morning, on which he sang lead, was released as a single in October 1970, but failed to become a hit except in the Netherlands. Disney Girls (1957), released in 1971 as a track on the Surf's Up album, wasn't released as a single, but was highly regarded and covered by other artists, including Art Garfunkel, and is occasionally performed by the Beach Boys in concert to this day. Mr. Johnston fell out with then-Beach Boys' manager Jack Rieley and left the group early in 1972, shortly after the beginning of recording for the album Carl and the Passions--"So Tough" (1972). With Mr. Melcher, he formed the group California Music (later known as California), who released several singles from 1974-1978. Barry Manilow had a major hit in late 1975-early 1976 with Mr. Johnston's composition I Write the Songs, which won a Grammy Award in 1977 as song of the year. Mr. Johnston released a solo album titled Going Public in 1977. In late 1978, Mr. Johnston rejoined the Beach Boys as a performer, songwriter, and producer, and has remained with the group ever since. For most of the time since 1999, he and Mike Love have been the only real Beach Boys performing under the group's name.

Happy Birthday, Danny Breeden!
Mr. Breeden, a native of Albany, Georgia, was a catcher who played 3 games with the Cincinnati Reds in 1969 and
25 games with the Chicago Cubs in 1971. In 28 games he batted .151 with no home runs and 5 runs batted in. Mr. Breeden played in the minor leagues from 1963-1973, batting .257 with 51 home runs and 266 runs batted in in 946 games. Mr. Breeden's brother Hal, a first baseman, was my favourite player for several years when he was with the Montreal Expos. The brothers were teammates with the Cubs in 1971. Hal was born two years and one day after Danny.

War
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill issued a joint statement concerning their conference in Washington with the Pacific War Council, indicating that efforts would be made to divert Germany's strength from Russia, and means would be found to relieve China from Japanese pressure. U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover announced the arrest of eight highly-trained saboteurs who had landed on the coasts of Long Island and Florida. The U.S. Navy called for 1,000 owners of small boats capable of ocean travel to volunteer themselves and their boats for service with Coast Guard anti-submarine patrols. U.S. planes from the Hawaiian command attacked Japanese-occupied Wake Island, reportedly damaging airfield and shore batteries without losing any planes.

Politics and government
The Argentine Congress accepted President Roberto Oriz's resignation, and permitted Vice President Ramos Castillo to complete the term ending February 20, 1944.

Agriculture
The U.S.A., U.K., Canada, Argentina, and Australia signed an international agreement to pool 100 million bushels of wheat and flour for relief purposes in war-stricken areas.

Crime
The U.S. Supreme Court denied a stay of execution to Negro sharecropper Odell Waller, whose case had been appealed on the grounds that his jury had failed to contain non-payers of poll taxes.

70 years ago
1947


World events
Sheik Hassan Abu el Seoud, leader of the 1939 Arab revolt against Britain and the 1941 Iraqi uprising, returned from Cairo to Jerusalem with the permission of British authorities.

Diplomacy
A five-nation mediation commission in Washington concluded six weeks of deliberations by rejecting Siamese claims to territory in French Indochina.

The U.S. Senate and House of Representatives completed action on a measure providing $73.5 million for U.S. participation in the Inrternational Refugee Organization.

Politics and government
Indonesian President Ahmed Sukarno accepted the resignation of Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir and assumed executive control of the state.

General Aleksandr Kotikov, U.S.S.R. representative on the Allied command in Berlin, vetoed the June 24 election of Ernst Reuter as the city's mayor.

The U.S. State Department announced the dismissal of 10 unidentified employees for Communist affiliations or suspected disloyalty. A U.S. federal district court in Washington gave accused Communist agent Gerhard Eisler a maximum one-year prison sentence and a $1,000 fine for contempt of Congress. 16 members of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee were also convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing to turn over organization records to the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities.

Economics and finance
Peru lifted import restrictions on all items except certain foods, drugs, and industrial machinery.

Labour
Ford Motor Company granted the United Auto Workers the automobile industry's first pension plan, costing an initial $200 million and $15 million yearly.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Hermann Buhl, 32
. Austrian mountaineer. Mr. Buhl led the first ascents of Nanga Parbat (1953) and Broad Peak (1957). Less than three weeks after the ascent of Broad Peak, Mr. Buhl was attempting to climb Chogolisa in Pakistan when he lost his way in a snowstorm, walked over a cornice, and triggered an avalanche which hurled him 900 metres down the mountain's north face, where he remains in the ice.

Politics and government
The Italian Parliament reconfirmed Prime Minister Adone Zoli's cabinet, after Mr. Zoli had resigned rather than govern with a majority dependent on neo-Fascist support.

Communications
The Canadian Overseas Telephone Corporation (COTC) started the first direct radio-telegraph service from Canada to Japan.

Health
The U.K. Medical Research Council reported that the link between smoking and lung cancer was one of "direct cause and effect."

Law
In the wake of the controversy over the case of U.S. Army Private William Girard, whom Japanese authorities wanted to try for the slaying of a Japanese woman at a U.S. firing range near Somagahara, the U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee approved a resolution barring the trial of U.S. servicemen by foreign courts.

Disasters
Hurricane Audrey made landfall near the Texas–Louisiana border, killing over 400 people, mainly in and around Cameron, Louisiana.

Typhoon Virginia struck Japan and Taiwan, with 86 people listed as dead or missing.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Help is on its Way--Little River Band

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Nagisa no Sindbad--Pink Lady

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Linda--Miguel Bosé (3rd week at #1)

Africana
As a result of 98.8% of voters in a referendum favouring independence from France, French Somaliland became the Republic of Djibouti, with Hassan Gouled Aptidon as the country's first President.

Religion
Joseph Ratzinger, the future Pope Benedict XVI, was named a cardinal by Pope Paul VI.

Protest
U.K. Home Secretary Merlyn Rees appealed for calm following two weeks of violent clashes outside the Grunwick factory in north London.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Let it Be--Ferry Aid (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Multimix--The Communards (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Hold Me Now--Johnny Logan (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Star Trekkin'--The Firm

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Star Trekkin'--The Firm

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Star Trekkin'--The Firm (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Head to Toe--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam (2nd week at #1)
2 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
3 Always--Atlantic Starr
4 Alone--Heart
5 Songbird--Kenny G
6 In Too Deep--Genesis
7 Shakedown--Bob Seger
8 You Keep Me Hangin' On--Kim Wilde
9 Diamonds--Herb Alpert (vocals by Lisa Keith and Janet Jackson)
10 Just to See Her--Smokey Robinson

Singles entering the chart were It's Not Over ('Til it's Over) by Starship (#66); Living in a Box by Living in a Box (#80); Jam Tonight by Freddie Jackson (#82); Lies by Jonathan Butler (#86); Holiday by Kool & The Gang (#87); and Why Can't I Be You? by the Cure (#89).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 You Keep Me Hangin' On--Kim Wilde
2 Nothing's Gonna Change My Love For You--Glenn Medeiros
3 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
4 Always--Atlantic Starr
5 Boom Boom--Paul Lekakis
6 Head to Toe--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam
7 (I Just) Died in Your Arms--Cutting Crew
8 La Isla Bonita--Madonna
9 Looking for a New Love--Jody Watley
10 Alone--Heart

Singles entering the chart were Don't Mean Nothing by Richard Marx (#86); Luka by Suzanne Vega (#91); Endless Nights by Eddie Money (#94); Ocean Blues (Emotion Blue) by Tom Cochrane (#96); In the Name of Money by Gino Vannelli (#97); and Goin' Off the Deep End by Lee Aaron (#98).

Music
10 of Winnipeg's early rock bands performed at a Winnipeg nightclub in a concert organized by local rock historian John Einarson. The show featured former Guess Who bandmates Randy Bachman and Burton Cummings, jamming with Neil Young; they were joined by Guess Who founder Chad Allan and Fred Turner, formerly of Bachman-Turner Overdrive.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-1) 16 @ Edmonton (1-0) 54

Henry “Gizmo” Williams set a CFL single-game record with 221 yards on punt returns, and returned 2 for touchdowns to help the Eskimos defeat the Stampeders at Commonwealth Stadium. Edmonton cornerback Greg Harding intercepted a Rick Worman pass on the last play of the first half; it was his last CFL interception, because he was cut from the team before the next game. Starting Edmonton quarterback Matt Dunigan led the team to an early touchdown, but was soon injured, and was replaced by Damon Allen.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Jump--Kris Kross

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kimi ga iru dakede--Kome Club (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Please Don't Go--Double You (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Smells Like Teen Spirit--Nirvana (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Abba-esque (EP)--Erasure (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be There--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'll Be There--Mariah Carey
2 Baby Got Back--Sir Mix-a-Lot
3 Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers
4 Jump--Kris Kross
5 Damn I Wish I was Your Lover--Sophie B. Hawkins
6 Achy Breaky Heart--Billy Ray Cyrus
7 If You Asked Me To--Celine Dion
8 My Lovin' (You're Never Gonna Get It)--En Vogue
9 Tennessee--Arrested Development
10 The Best Things in Life are Free--Luther Vandross and Janet Jackson

Singles entering the chart were The One by Elton John (#68); Whatever it Takes (To Make You Stay) by Troop (#70); Mr. Loverman by Shabba Ranks (#73); You Remind Me by Mary J. Blige (#78); I Need Love by Olivia Newton-John (#79); Reach for the Sky by Firehouse (#82); 57 Channels (And Nothin' On) by Bruce Springsteen (#88); Sleeping with the Lights On by Curtis Stigers (#91); and Forever in Your Eyes by Mint Condition (#94).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 If You Asked Me To--Celine Dion (3rd week at #1)
2 Hold on My Heart--Genesis
3 Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers
4 You Won't See Me Cry--Wilson Phillips
5 Damn I Wish I was Your Lover--Sophie B. Hawkins
6 Do it to Me--Lionel Richie
7 America--Kim Mitchell
8 I'll Be There--Mariah Carey
9 Why--Annie Lennox
10 Sinking Like a Sunset--Tom Cochrane

Singles entering the chart were Friday I'm in Love by the Cure (#47); The One by Elton John (#59); Baby When I Call Your Name by Corey Hart (#63); Too Funky by George Michael (#65); Teen Angst (What the World Needs Now) by Cracker (#80); Achy Breaky Heart by Billy Ray Cyrus (#84); Good Stuff by the B-52's (#88); If You Believe by Kenny Loggins (#90); and Hero in Me by Jeffrey Gaines (#91).

Died on this date
Allan Jones, 84
. U.S. singer and actor. Mr. Jones appeared in the Marx Brothers movies A Night at the Opera and A Day at the Races (1937). In The Firefly (1937), he sang Donkey Serenade, which became his signature song. Mr. Jones was the father of singer Jack Jones, who was born the night Donkey Serenade was recorded.

Track and field
World decathlon champion Dan O'Brien failed to clear the 15-foot, 9-inch minimum height in the pole vault in three attempts at the U.S. Olympic Trials in New Orleans, and failed to make the U.S. Olympic team for the games in Barcelona. The result was a disaster for the Reebok shoe company, which had made Mr. O'Brien the focus of a $25-million advertising campaign.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Bailando--Paradisio (9th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-1) 17 @ Montreal (1-0) 27
Winnipeg (0-1) 23 @ Toronto (1-0) 38

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
William Hutt, 87
. Canadian actor. Mr. Hutt, a native of Toronto, had a career on stage, television, and film that spanned 50 years, but was mainly known as a stage actor--especially through his involvement with the Stratford Festival--and was one of the few people to be able to earn a living in Canada as a stage actor. He was also known for playing Sir John A. Macdonald in the television docudrama series The National Dream (1974).

World events
The Brazilian Military Police invaded the favelas (slums) of Complexo do Alemão and killed 19 people in an episode which is remembered as the Complexo do Alemão massacre.

Politics and government
Tony Blair resigned as British Prime Minister after 10 years in office, and was officially confirmed as Middle East envoy for the United Nations, European Union, United States, and Russia. He was succeeded as Prime Minister by Chancelor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown.

Former Quebec finance minister Pauline Marois was chosen by acclamation in Quebec City as Parti Québecois leader, succeeding André Boisclair, who had resigned on May 8. The PQ had won 36 seats in the provincial election on March 26, finishing third.

Monday, 26 June 2017

June 26, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Stover!

200 years ago
1817


Born on this date
Branwell Brontë
. U.K. painter and writer. Mr. Brontë, the brother of authors Charlotte, Emily, and Anne Brontë, painted portraits while trying to sell poems and translations. He became a drunkard and drug addict, leading to his death from tuberculosis at the age of 31 on September 24, 1848.

160 years ago
1857


War
The first Victoria Cross ceremony was held at Hyde Park in London, with Queen Victoria investing 62 of the 111 Crimean War recipients.

Disasters
The steamship Montreal caught fire and sank in 15 minutes in the St. Lawrence River near Cap Rouge, Québec; 253 lives were lost, mostly Scottish and Norwegian immigrants on their way to the west. The vessel, which had left Quebec City at 5 P.M. the previous day, had previously caught fire three times, and the crew were slow to respond to the blaze.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Pearl S. Buck
. U.S. author. Mrs. Buck spent most of her early years as the daughter of Presbyterian missionaries in China, and was best known for her novel The Good Earth, which won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1932. She was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Literature "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces." Mrs. Buck died on March 6, 1973 at the age of 80.

100 years ago
1917


War
The first troops of the American Expeditionary Force arrived in France during World War I.

Politics and government
Premier William Martin led his Liberal Party to a fourth consecutive majority in the Saskatchewan provincial election, taking 51 of 62 seats in the Legislative Assembly. The Liberal total was an increase of 5 from the most recent election in 1912. The Conservatives, led by Wellington Willoughby, remained with 7 seats, while independent candidate Davis Sykes was elected in Swift Current. Three representatives were elected by soldiers-at-large to represent them. The number of ridings was increased to 62 from 53 in 1912.

90 years ago
1927


Americana
The Cyclone roller coaster opened at Luna Park in Coney Island, New York.

75 years ago
1942


War
More than 1,000 British Royal Air Force bombers raided Bremen, Germany for 75 minutes. Three Axis armoured columns drove on Matruh inthe north and Qattara in the south on the Egyptian front. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that during May the Untied States had produced nearly 4,000 planes, over 1,500 tanks, nearly 2,000 artillery and anti-tank guns, and over 100,000 machine guns. The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Roosevelt an $8,550-billion naval expansion bill. U.S. authorities announced the removal of 550 natives from the Pribilot Islands in the Bering Sea and Atka Island in the Aleutians to points in southern Alaska. Japanese bombers and fighters bombed the airfield at Port Moresby, New Guinea, but caused little damage.

Defense
The U.S. fighter plane Grumman F6F Hellcat made its first flight.

Economics and finance
The U.S. National Association of Manufacturers presented a nine-point postwar program denying that "a postwar depression" and "fundamental changes in the social order are inevitable."

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
R.B. Bennett, 76
. Prime Minister of Canada, 1930-1935. Mr. Bennett, a native of Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick, was a teacher before he moved to Calgary in 1897 and made his name as a lawyer. A Conservative, Mr. Bennett entered politics at the territorial level, being elected to the Legislative Assembly of the North-West Territories in 1898, and remaining in provincial politics after Alberta became a province in 1905, becoming leader of the Alberta Conservative Party. He was first elected to the Canadian House of Commons in 1911, and was in and out of Parliament until winning the leadership of the federal Conservative Party in 1927. Mr. Bennett led the Conservatives to an overwhelming victory in 1930, unseating the governing Liberals of Prime Minister Mackenzie King, but was unable to lift the country from the miseries of the Depression. In 1935 he attempted his own version of U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal, but voters in that year's federal election opted to return Mr. King's Liberals to power. Mr. Bennett retired from Canadian politics in 1938 and accepted a peerage, entering the British House of Lords as Viscount Bennett of Mickleham, Calgary, and Hopewell. He died of a heart attack in his bathtub a week before his 77th birthday. Viscount Bennett High School in Calgary is named in his honour.

Politics and government
A U.S. federal court in Washington, D.C. denied a probation plea from Boston Mayor James Curley, forcing him to begin a 6-8 month prison term in Danbury, Connecticut. The Massachusetts legislature named City Clerk John Hynes as acting Mayor of Boston.

Communist Party U.S.A. Secretary Eugene Dennis was convicted in a U.S. federal court in Washington of contempt of Congress, and posted a $10,000 appeal bond.

Economics and finance
The Mexican government announced a national development program aimed at creating new industrial centres.

U.S. President Harry Truman vetoed a congressional wool price bill, claiming that its tariff restrictions "would have an adverse effect on our international relations."

Labour
American Federation of Labor President William Green called the Taft-Hartley Act a "tragic mistake," but dismissed proposals for a general strike against the new law. U.S. Chamber of Commerce President Earl Shreve threatened to press for still more labour legislation.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Malcolm Lowry, 47
. U.K. author and poet. Mr. Lowry was best known for the novel Under the Volcano (1947). He spent some time in Vancouver, British Columbia during World War II, but eventually returned to England, where he drank himself to death just over a month before his 48th birthday.

War
The Israeli Foreign Ministry rejected Egyptian requests for reactivation of the Israeli-Egyptian Mixed Armistice Commission, on the grounds that the 1949 Israeli-Egyptian armistice was "dead and buried."

Defense
U.S. disarmament negotiator Harold Stassen presented a U.S. plan for reduction of non-nuclear armaments by the U.S., U.K., France, and U.S.S.R.

U.S. rocket scientist Wernher von Braun claimed that the U.S. Army had the best long-range missile in the world and that the Army's intermediate-range Jupiter was "far superior" to the Air Force's intermediate-range Thor.

Diplomacy
The two-week Commonwealth Prime Ministers' conference opened in London, England; John Diefenbaker represented Canada, just five days after taking office as Prime Minister.

Politics and government
People's Republic of China Premier Chou En-lai, addressing the opening session of the National People's Congress in Peking, warned that non-Communists would be classified as "enemies of the people" if they persisted in criticism of the government.

Oil
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formed a cabinet committee headed by Commerce Secretary Sinclair Weeks to examine the threat to national security posed by increasing oil exports.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Marionetas en la Cuerda (Puppet on a String)--Sandie Shaw (7th week at #1)

On television tonight
Coronet Blue, starring Frank Converse, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Tomoyo

This was the episode scheduled to be shown this night, but it was the second of two episodes that were pre-empted and never broadcast.

Died on this date
Françoise Dorléac, 25
. French actress. Miss Dorléac, the elder sister of Catherine Deneuve, appeared with her sister in the movie Les demoiselles de Rochefort (The Young Girls of Rochefort) (1967), and also appeared in films such as Cul-de-sac (1966) and Billion Dollar Brain (1967). Miss Dorléac was killed in a car accident.

Religion
Pope Paul VI appointed 27 new cardinals, including Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: It Doesn't Matter Anymore--Mark Williams (4th week at #1)

Music
Elvis Presley performed at Market Square Arena in Indianapolis in what proved to be his final concert.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Edmonton (2-0) 18 @ Montreal (0-2) 16

Dave Cutler's field goal on the last play of the game gave the Eskimos their win over the Alouettes at Olympic Stadium.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (3rd week at #1)

Economics and finance
The Central Committee of the U.S.S.R.’s Communist Party endorsed Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev’s economic reforms and elevated three of his allies to full membership in the Politburo. Mr. Gorbachev had addressed the committee the previous day, calling for a “radical reorganization of economic management” by the end of the 1980s. He had endorsed competition for state-owned enterprises; reduced central control over pricing and distribution of goods; and more decision-making by local party organizations.

Politics and government
The United States Senate voted 84-2 in favour of a resolution calling for free elections in Panama.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-1) 32 @ Ottawa (1-0) 36

The Rough Riders held off a late challenge from the defending Grey Cup champion Tiger-Cats to give Fred Glick a win in his first regular season game as a CFL head coach. Ottawa receiver Carl Williams caught 3 passes for 82 yards, including a 47-yard touchdown in what turned out to be his only CFL game. He was cut before the next game, and never played in the league again.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Buddy Rogers, 71
. U.S. wrestler. Mr. Rogers, born Herman Gustav Rohde, Jr., was nicknamed "Nature Boy," and was one of the most popular figures in professional wrestling in the 1950s and '60s. He was world heavyweight champion of both the National Wrestling Alliance (1961-1963) and World Wide Wrestling Federation (1963). Mr. Rogers died after several strokes.

Scandal
Lawrence Garrett resigned as U.S. Secretary of the Navy, saying that he accepted “full responsibility” for the Tailhook scandal. In September 1991 members of the Tailhook Association, a private organization of Navy and Marine Corps fliers, had held their convention at a hotel in Las Vegas. After complaints from women, two Navy investigations concluded that 26 women, including 14 military officers, had been abused at the convention, which had included heavy drinking and entertainment by nude dancers. An admiral was relieved of command for ignoring a complaint. In June it was revealed that Mr. Garrett had been nearby at the time of the misconduct. On the day of Mr. Garrett’s resignation, Navy Lieutenant Paula Coughlin, who claimed to have been assaulted by 20 or more men, met with U.S. President George Bush.

Labour
U.S. President George Bush signed legislation ordering an end to the two-day-old strike of International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers against the freight rail company CSX Transportation, Inc. Other freight railroads had shut down operations, and Amtrak passenger trains had been halted where their trains used the freight rails. The United States Congress passed back-to-work legislation on June 25 that provided for a 38-day period for negotiations.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-0) 33 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 11

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): MMMBop--Hanson (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Bailando--Paradisio

Died on this date
Don Hutson, 84
. U.S. football player. Mr. Hutson was a split end and kicker with the University of Alabama Crimson Tide (1932-1934) and Green Bay Packers (1935-1945), and was credited with being the first "modern" receiver in professional football. He caught 488 passes for 7,991 yards and 99 touchdowns in 116 regular season games, while returning 30 interceptions for 389 yards and 1 touchdown. Mr. Hutson scored 825 points on 100 touchdowns, 172 extra points, 7 field goals, and a safety touch. He was a First-team All-Pro eight times, and was named the National Football League's Most Valuable Player in 1941 and 1942, helping the Packers win NFL championships in 1936, 1939, and 1944. Mr. Hutson served as an assistant coach with the Packers from 1944-1948, and was inducted as a charter member in both the College Football Hall of Fame (1951) and Professional Football Hall of Fame (1963).

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Communications Decency Act violated the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (1-0) 24 @ British Columbia (0-1) 23

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Liz Claiborne, 78
. Belgian-born U.S. fashion designer. Miss Claiborne was born to American parents in Brussels but returned to the United States with her family at the age of 10. She was best known for co-founding Liz Claiborne, Inc. in 1976. Miss Claiborne was the first woman to become chief executive officer of a company that made the Fortune 500 list.

Religion
Pope Benedict XVI reinstated the traditional laws of papal election in which a successful candidate must receive two-thirds of the votes.

Sunday, 25 June 2017

June 25, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gail McGonigal!

250 years ago
1767


Died on this date
Georg Philipp Telemann, 86
. German composer. Mr. Telemann incorporated the styles of several nations into his more than 3,000 works, about half of which still exist. His compositions receive so much airplay today that this blogger gets the impression that Mr. Telemann wrote more music than all other composers put together.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Nils Karlsson
. Swedish skier. Mr. Karlsson won 37 medals in Swedish national competition, and won the gold medal in the men's 50-kilometre cross-country event in the 1948 Winter Olympic Games at St. Moritz, Switzerland, and the bronze medal in the same competition at the 1950 World Championships in Lake Placid, New York. He died on June 16, 2012, nine days before his 95th birthday.

90 years ago
1927


Politics and government
Albert Saunders led the Liberal Party to victory over the governing Conservative Party of Premier James Stewart in the Prince Edward Island provincial election. The Liberals captured 24 of the 30 seats in the Legislative Assembly, an increase of 19 from the most recent election in 1923; the Conservatives dropped from 25 to 6.

Society
Along with electing a legislature, voters in Prince Edward Island voted to continue prohibition of alcoholic beverages, rather than resort to government control, as in other provinces.

80 years ago
1937


Died on this date
Colin Clive, 37
. U.K. actor. Mr. Clive, born Colin Clive-Greig, was best known for his starring roles in the play (1929) and film (1930) Journey's End, and for playing Dr. Frankenstein in the movies Frankenstein (1931) and Bride of Frankenstein (1935). He was a descendant of military leader Robert Clive, and had a feature role in the movie Clive of India (1935). Colin Clive was a drunkard who died of tuberculosis.

75 years ago
1942


War
The U.S. Office of Censorship revised the Code of Wartime Practices, placing further restrictions on reports of ship movements, cargoes, or air raids, and diplomatic moves or negotiations. Major General Dwight D. Eisenhower was appointed head of the nerwly-established European theatre of operations for U.S. forces. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's forces drove 60 miles inside Egypt to a point southeast of Sidi Barrani. U.S.S.R. Red Army troops withdrew from Kupyansk, a railway junction on the Oskol River southeast of Kharkov.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill conferred in Washington with the Pacific War Council.

With only its two Communist Party members voting no, the Chilean Senate voted to continue a foreign policy of maintaining diplomatic relations with the Axis.

U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that all persons representing foreign principals must register with the Justice Department by July 9, 1942.

Japanica
The Japanese government announced that Kiska would now be called Narukani Island, and Attu would be called Atitu.

Religion
Dr. William B. Pugh said that the committee which had studied the proposal to merge the Presbyterian and Protestant Episcopal Churches had reached an accord on the basic principles of union of the two American denominations.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Jimmy Doyle, 22
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Doyle, born James Delaney, began as a lightweight, eventually moving up to the welterweight and middleweight divisions. He compiled a record of 42-7-3-1 in a professional career that began in 1941 and ended the night before his death, when he challenged Sugar Ray Robinson for the world welterweight title and suffered a technical knockout in the 8th round. 14 months earlier, Mr. Doyle had been hospitalized with a severe head injury after suffering a 9th-round TKO at the hands of Artie Levine.

Literature
The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank was published.

War
Former German SS Colonel Otto Skorzeny went on trial in Dachau on charges of murdering U.S. prisoners during the Battle of the Bulge in late 1944-early 1945.

The Chinese Foreign Office protested to the U.S.S.R. that Soviet obstruction had prevented Chinese government forces from taking control of Dairen and Port Arthur in Manchuria.

Americana
Georgia dedicated former President Franklin D. Roosevelt's "Little White House" in Warm Springs as a state shrine.

Politics and government
A seven-man delegation from Newfoundland met in Ottawa with a Canadian cabinet committee to begin discussions on possible union with Canada.

Economics and finance
U.K. Foreign Secretary Arthur Creech Jones announced the establishment of the Colonial Development Corporation to foster the export trade in Britain's African colonies.

The Bizonal German Economic Council held its first meeting in Frankfurt, as U.K. and U.S. authorities announced plans to create an "exporters' fund" which would aid German firms engaged in foreign trade.

60 years ago
1957


World events
Dispatches from Warsaw reported that former Hungarian Premier Imre Nagy had been returned to Budapest from Romania to stand trial for his role in the 1956 revolt against the government.

Diplomacy
Former Ontario Premier and federal Progressive Conservative party leader George Drew was appointed Canada's High Commissioner to Britain, effective August 1, 1957.

Saudi Arabia recalled her Ambassador to Syria in protest against criticism of King Saud and Jordanian King Hussein by Syrian Defense Minister Khaled el-Azm.

Defense
The Nationalist Chinese government announced a shakeup of its military leadership.

U.S. Army Colonel John Nickerson, Jr., a missile expert, pled guilty to a 15-count charge of violating security rules by divulging missile data to unauthorized persons.

Religion
At ceremonies in Cleveland, the United Church of Christ was formed by the merger of the Congregational Christian Council and the Evangelical and Reformed Church.

50 years ago
1967


On television today
Our World, a cooperative production involving contributions from 19 nations, was broadcast live around the world by satellite. The most memorable segment was from the United Kingdom, where the Beatles performed their new song All You Need is Love.



Diplomacy
The three-day Glassboro Summit Conference in Glassboro, New Jersey between U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and U.S.S.R. Premier Alexei Kosygin concluded.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Amarsi un po'--Lucio Battisti (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Ma Baker--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Ma Baker--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Show You the Way to Go--The Jacksons

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky")--Bill Conti
2 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
3 Lonely Boy--Andrew Gold
4 Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye
5 Feels Like the First Time--Foreigner
6 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
7 Angel in Your Arms--Hot
8 Dreams--Fleetwood Mac
9 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
10 Heard it in a Love Song--The Marshall Tucker Band

Singles entering the chart were Swayin' to the Music (Slow Dancin') by Johnny Rivers (#78); Something About You by Leblanc & Carr (#83); Baby Don't Change Your Mind by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#85); Platinum Heroes by Bruce Foster (#91); The Doodle Song by Frankie Miller (#92); Smoke from a Distant Fire by the Sanford/Townsend Band (#93); Float On by the Floaters (#94); What's on My Mind by Kansas (#95); It was Almost Like a Song by Ronnie Milsap (#98); This I Swear by Tyrone Davis (#99); and It's a Crazy World by Mac McAnally (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Lucille--Kenny Rogers
2 Dreams--Fleetwood Mac
3 Angel in Your Arms--Hot
4 Mainstreet--Bob Seger
5 Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye
6 Calling Dr. Love--Kiss
7 Lonely Boy--Andrew Gold
8 Feels Like the First Time--Foreigner
9 Heard it in a Love Song--The Marshall Tucker Band
10 You Won't Dance with Me--April Wine

Singles entering the chart were Come in from the Rain by Captain & Tennille (#83); Neon Nites by Atlanta Rhythm Section (#89); (Remember the Days of the) Old Schoolyard by Cat Stevens (#91); If it's the Last Thing I Do by Thelma Houston (#93); Don't Turn the Light Out by Cliff Richard (#96); Telephone Line by Electric Light Orchestra (#97); Baby Don't Change Your Mind by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#98); (Your Love has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher by Rita Coolidge (#99); and People in Love by 10 C.C. (#100).

Horse racing
Sound Reason, with Robin Platts up, won the 118th running of the Queen's Plate at Woodbine Racetrack in Etobicoke, Ontario in a time of 2:06 3/5.

Baseball
The Summer Class A Pioneer League season opened, and the Calgary Cardinals played their first game ever. The Idaho Falls Angels scored 6 runs in the top of the 3rd inning, only to have the Cardinals strike back with 10 in the bottom of the inning on their way to an 11-8 win before 2,722 fans at Foothills Park in Calgary. The 3rd inning took an hour to play, and it didn't help that Calgary starting pitcher Jim Gott walked 6 batters; he allowed 3 hits and 6 runs--5 earned--in 2 2/3 innings, striking out 1 batter. Calgary second baseman Jeff Doyle hit the Cardinals' first home run, a 2-run shot to climax the 3rd-inning onslaught. Third baseman Tye Waller homered to lead off the bottom of the 5th for the Cardinals, while Greg Ris had 2 doubles and a home run, driving in 2 runs for the Angels. Vaughn Yadao pitched 4 2/3 innings of relief to get the win, allowing 4 hits and 2 runs--1 earned, with 3 bases on balls, 5 strikeouts, and 2 wild pitches. Andy Rincon pitched 2 scoreless innings to get the save, walking the first batter he faced before retiring the last 6. Stephen Lettrich started on the mound for Idaho Falls and allowed 2 hits and 5 runs--all earned--with 5 bases on balls, 3 strikeouts, and a wild pitch in 2 2/3 innings. He was relieved by Mike Stover, who failed to retire a batter and took the loss, allowing 2 bases on balls, 2 doubles, and Mr. Doyle's homer; it was Mr. Stover's only game in an Idaho Falls uniform. The game marked the professional debuts for many of the players involved. Calgary players from that game who made it to the major leagues were Messrs. Gott; Rincon; Doyle; Waller; and first baseman Joe DeSa. Idaho Falls players from that game who made it to the majors were shortstop Steve Lubratich; first baseman Daryl Sconiers; and second baseman Alan Wiggins; pitcher Rich Dotson was dressed, but didn't play. The game was broadcast in Calgary on radio station CFAC, with Eric Bishop calling the play, and Dwight Ford providing colour commentary. This blogger and his parents were in attendance, but left after 7 innings, because once the Sun went down, it became so cold at Foothills Park as to be unendurable.

30 years ago
1987


Died on this date
Boudleaux Bryant, 67
. U.S. songwriter. By himself or with his wife Felice, Mr. Bryant wrote many country and pop music hits, most notably for the Everly Brothers. Songs written or co-written by Mr. Bryant included Wake Up, Little Susie; Bye Bye, Love; Bird Dog; Problems; Devoted to You; Love Hurts; Rocky Top; Mexico; and Raining in My Heart.

Diplomacy
Pope John Paul II held an audience in Rome with Austrian President Kurt Waldheim. After their private talks, the pope publicly praised Mr. Waldheim for his work in the 1970s as Secretary-General of the United Nations. Pope John Paul said nothing publicly about allegations that Mr. Waldheim had been involved in human rights abuses while serving in the German army during World War II, but the Roman Catholic Church said it was “surprised and grieved” by Jewish opposition to the meeting of the two heads of state.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 2,451.05.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-0) 38 @ Toronto (0-1) 30

The Montreal Alouettes were scheduled to open the season against the Argonauts at Exhibition Stadium, but the team folded on June 24, and a new schedule was hastily announced. It was the first game for Mike Riley as head coach of the Blue Bombers, and the only CFL game for his younger brother Pete, who wore #8 for Winnipeg as a backup defensive back. Winnipeg defensive end John Sturdivant returned a Toronto fumble 27 yards for his only CFL touchdown in what turned out to be his last CFL game; he was cut before the next game, and never played in the CFL again. John Congemi—in his first CFL game—and Danny Barrett split the quarterbacking for the Argonauts. It was the first CFL game ever televised on TSN.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Abba-esque (EP)--Erasure (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Jerome Brown, 27
. U.S. football player. Mr. Brown was an All-American defensive tackle with the University of Miami Hurricanes in 1986, and played with the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League from 1987-1991, winning All-Pro all-star honours in his last two seasons. He was killed in a car accident in his hometown of Brooksville, Florida.

Scandal
Former British Columbia Premier Bill Vander Zalm was acquitted of charges of breach of trust over the 1990 sale of his theme park.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the Goods and Services tax was within the jurisdiction of the federal government.

Economics and finance
Revising its previous estimate upward, the United States Commerce Department said that the economy had grown at an annual rate of 2.7% in the first quarter of 1992.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
British Columbia (0-1) 36 @ Ottawa (1-0) 43
Calgary (1-1) 20 Toronto (1-1) 1 @ Portland, Oregon

The Stampeders’ win over the Argonauts, televised on TSN, was the first CFL game played in the United States since a pre-season game between the Edmonton Eskimos and British Columbia Lions in Everett, Washington in 1967. The Eskimos and Lions had played a pre-season game at Multnomah Stadium in Portland in 1957.

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Jacques Cousteau, 87
. French oceanographer. Mr. Cousteau was a naval officer who turned to oceanography after injuries in a car accident ended his naval career. He pioneered the use of the aqua-lung--greatly aiding underwater exploration--and became known for the book (1953) and subsequent documentary film (1956) The Silent World. Using the ship Calypso as a field laboratory, Mr. Cousteau explored the world's oceans for the next several decades, advocating for the preservation of ocean life. His work was the subject of the television documentary series The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau (1968-1975) and The Cousteau Odyssey (1977-1982). Mr. Cousteau died of a heart attack two weeks after his 87th birthday.

Disasters
An unmanned Progress cargo spacecraft crashed into Russia's Mir space station, knocking out half of the station's power and rupturing a pressurized laboratory.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (1-0) 23 @ Calgary (0-1) 22

Tony Burse rushed for 2 short touchdowns in the last 3 minutes of regulation time as the Eskimos rallied from a 22-9 deficit to edge the Stampeders at McMahon Stadium.

Saturday, 24 June 2017

June 24, 2017

520 years ago
1497


Exploration
Giovanni Caboto Montecataluna--whose name has been anglicized to John Cabot--a hired Genoese seaman, reached Newfoundland (some argue Cape Breton) on the Matthew with his sons after a 35-day voyage, his second voyage. The expedition was underwritten by Bristol merchants and backed by King Henry VI, and Mr. Caboto claimed the region for England. It was the first European discovery of North America since Vikings.

420 years ago
1597


Exploration
The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reached Banten, Java.

300 years ago
1717


Abominations
The Premier Grand Lodge of England, the first Masonic Grand Lodge in the world (now the United Grand Lodge of England), was founded in London.

200 years ago
1817


Died on this date
Thomas McKean, 83
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. McKean, a member of the Federalist and then Democratic-Republican Parties, represented Delaware in the Continental Congress (1774-1776, 1777-1783); President of Delaware (1777); President of the Continental Congress (1781); Chief Justice of Pennsylvania (1777-1789); and Governor of Pennsylvania (1799-1808).

75 years ago
1942


War
The U.S. Selective Service established the order by which men with dependents would be drafted, placing married men with children in the last category. The U.S.S.R. reported that German assaults on the Kharkov and Sevastopol fronts were continuing despite heavy losses. Chinese troops recaptured Kweiki on the Hangchow-nanchang railway in Kiangsi Province and Lishui, the last important Japanese-held air base in southern Chekiang Province.

Abominations
German forces destroyed the Czech village of Levzsaky and executed the entire adult population for allegedly "sheltering parachutists."

Politics and government
Roberto Ortiz resigned as President of Argentina because of poor health and failing eyesight.

N.Z. Prime Minister Peter Fraser announced in Wellington the creation of a 13-member war administration combining government and opposition leaders.

Dissenting from the latest report of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities, Rep. Jerry Voorhis (Democrat--California), a member of the committee said in Washington that the committee was guilty of "name-calling," and that every loyal American had the right "to disagree politically with [it] withouf being branded as subversive and un-American."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate Appropriations Committee voted to end the Civilian Conservation Corps, an employment program that had been initiated during the Depression in the 1930s.

70 years ago
1947


World events
Kenneth Arnold, an American pilot, reported seeing strange objects near Mount Rainier, Washington. He described them as "saucers skipping across the water," hence the term "flying saucers" was born.

A court in Baghdad handed down a death sentence for Iraqi Communist Party leader Yusuf Salman and two of his followers.

Politics and government
Ernst Reuter was named by Berlin's City Council as the city's permanent Mayor.

The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Mundt bill giving permanent status to the State Department's international cultural, education, and information programs, including Voice of America broadcasts.

Economics and finance
The French National Assembly approved Prime Minister Paul Ramadier's 135-billion franc austerity budget.

Polish Ambassador to the United States Josef Winiewicz informed the U.S. State Department that Poland was eager to participate in the Marshall Plan.

U.K. and U.S. authorities rejected a proposed economic merger of their sectors of Berlin.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Industrial Union of Marine and Ship Building Workers called a strike of 35,000 U.S. East Coast shipyard workers whose contract had expired, halting work on 79 major merchant and naval vessels.

Academia
U.S. Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower accepted the presidency of Columbia University, promising to assume the post after retiring as Army chief of staff.

Boxing
Sugar Ray Robinson (79-1-1) retained his world welterweight title with a technical knockout of Jimmy Doyle (42-7-3) in the 8th round at Cleveland Arena. Mr. Doyle died the next day.

Golf
Jim Ferrier defeated Chick Harbert 2 and 1 to win the PGA Championship at Plum Hollow Country Club in Southfield Michigan. First prize money was $3,500.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Letters in the Sand/Bernardine--Pat Boone (Best Seller--4th week at #1); Love Letters in the Sand--Pat Boone (Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1)

Law
In Roth v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that obscenity was not protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution.

The U.S. Supreme Court reversed the 1954 convictions of six Communist Party leaders in Detroit and ordered a new trial on the grounds that the Smith Act did not make it a crime to teach or advocate violent overthrow of the government as an "abstract principle."

Defense
Following two days of talks in Baghdad, King Faisal of Iraq and King Hussein of Jordan issued a joint statement pledging to defend each other and condemning intervention by other Arab states in their internal affairs.

U.S. physicists Edward Teller, Ernest Lawrence, and Mark Mills issued a report claiming that readioactive fallout from hydrogen bomb detonations had been reduced by 95% and that further work could produce a bomb with "essentially negligible" radiation.

Energy
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to President Dwight D. Eisenhower a bill requiring authorization of the Joint Atomic Energy Committee and Congress before any atomic power plant could be built by the government or by private industry with federal aid.

Boxing
British Empire featherweight champion Hogan "Kid" Bassey (52-11-2) became the first Nigerian to win a world title when he scored a technical knockout of Cherif Hamia (30-2-2) of Algeria in the 10th round at Palais des Sports in Paris to win the world featherweight title that had been vacated by the retirement of Sandy Saddler.



50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): This is My Song--Petula Clark (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): A chi--Fausto Leali (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Groovin'--The Young Rascals (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Groovin'--The Young Rascals (3rd week at #1)
2 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
3 Windy--The Association
4 Respect--Aretha Franklin
5 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
6 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
7 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
8 Can't Take My Eyes Off You--Frankie Valli
9 Sunday Will Never Be the Same--Spanky and Our Gang
10 7 Rooms of Gloom--Four Tops

Singles entering the chart were Jackson (#51)/You Only Live Twice (#97) by Nancy Sinatra & Lee Hazlewood/Nancy Sinatra; Carrie-Anne by the Hollies (#55); Don't Go Out Into the Rain (You're Going to Melt) by Herman's Hermits (#58); White Rabbit by Jefferson Airplane (#59); A Whiter Shade of Pale by Procol Harum (#60); Somebody Help Me by the Spencer Davis Group (#71); For Your Love by Peaches and Herb (#73); Soothe Me by Sam and Dave (#76); Hypnotized by Linda Jones (#78); Silence is Golden by the Tremeloes (#79); I'll Always Have Faith in You by Carla Thomas (#80); Airplane Song (My Airplane) by the Royal Guardsmen (#86); Daylight Savin' Time by Keith (#89); Little Miss Sunshine by Tommy Roe (#93); I Stand Accused (Of Loving You) by the Glories (#95); You were on My Mind by Crispian St. Peters (#96); and My World Fell Down by Sagittarius (#100). You Only Live Twice was the title song of the movie.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
2 Mirage--Tommy James and the Shondells
3 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
4 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
5 Respect--Aretha Franklin
6 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
7 All I Need--The Temptations
8 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
9 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
10 Let's Live for Today--The Grass Roots

Singles entering the chart were Woman Like That, Yeah by Joe Tex (#72); Somebody Help Me by the Spencer Davis Group (#74); Daylight Savin' Time by Keith (#76); This Time Long Ago by the Guess Who (#84); Carrie-Anne by the Hollies (#85); Mercy, Mercy, Mercy by the Buckinghams (#86); Silence is Golden by the Tremeloes (#87); Love Me Tender by Percy Sledge (#90); Soothe Me by Sam and Dave (#91); Step Out of Your Mind by the American Breed (#92); Airplane Song (My Airplane) by the Royal Guardsmen (#93); You Wanted Someone to Play With (I Wanted Someone to Love) by Frankie Laine (#94); Terry's Theme (Do it to 'Em) by the B.T.B. 4 (#96); He's in Town by the Townsmen (#98); No Good to Cry by the Wildweeds (#99); and I'll Always Have Faith in You by Carla Thomas (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 Windy--The Association (3rd week at #1)
2 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
3 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
4 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
5 Don't Sleep in the Subway--Petula Clark
6 Round Round--Jonathan King
7 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
8 Hip Hug-Her--Booker T. and the M.G.'s
9 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
10 Let's Live for Today--The Grass Roots

Singles entering the chart were The Flower Children by Marcia Strassman (#29); Out and About by Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart (#37); Don't Go Out Into the Rain (You're Going to Melt) by Herman's Hermits (#40); Jackson/You Only Live Twice by Nancy Sinatra & Lee Hazlewood/Nancy Sinatra (#44); Mary in the Morning by Al Martino (#45); Step Out of Your Mind by the American Breed (#48); Mercy, Mercy, Mercy by the Buckinghams (#49); and Somebody Help Me by the Spencer Davis Group (#50).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
2 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
3 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
4 Windy--The Association
5 Let's Live for Today--The Grass Roots
6 The Flower Children--Marcia Strassman
7 The Tracks of My Tears--Johnny Rivers
8 Don't Sleep in the Subway--Petula Clark
9 Sound of Love--The Five Americans
10 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles

Singles entering the chart were Brown Eyed Girl by Van Morrison (#24); Mercy, Mercy, Mercy by the Buckinghams (#25); Don't Go Out Into the Rain (You're Going to Melt) by Herman's Hermits (#28); More Love by Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (#29); and Jackson by Nancy Sinatra & Lee Hazlewood (#30).

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Ain't that Just the Way--Barbi Benton (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
André-Gilles Fortin, 33
. Canadian politician. Mr. Fortin represented the Quebec riding of Lotbinière in the House of Commons--first, as a member of the Ralliement Créditiste, and then as a member of the Social Credit Party of Canada, after the factions reunited in 1971--from 1968 until his death. He succeeded Réal Caouette as leader of the Social Credit Party on November 7, 1976, and was making efforts to rebuild the party's declining support when he was killed in a car accident, likely as a result of falling asleep while driving, on the Trans-Canada Highway between Montreal and Quebec City. Mr. Fortin was succeeded as Social Credit leader by Mr. Caouette's son Gilles.

Personal
This blogger completed classes in Grade 11 at Henry Wise Wood High School in Calgary.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Wanna Dance With Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jackie Gleason, 71
. U.S. actor and bandleader. “The Great One” was one of television’s biggest stars from 1949-1971, starting with The Life of Riley (1949-1950). He created a number of characters for skits on The Jackie Gleason Show, none more popular or enduring than bus driver Ralph Kramden, the main character of “The Honeymooners.” The Honeymooners became a separate series in 1955-56, but the ratings weren’t as high as for Mr. Gleason’s variety show, so the series was cancelled after one season, and the variety show returned, incorporating “The Honeymooners” skits. Mr. Gleason had appeared in minor roles in movies in the 1940s (often as "Jackie C. Gleason"), and appeared in major roles in such films as The Hustler (1961); Gigot (1962); Requiem for a Heavyweight (1962); Papa’s Delicate Condition (1963); Soldier in the Rain (1963); Skidoo (1968); Smokey and the Bandit (1977); and Nothing in Common (1986). Despite not being able to read music, Mr. Gleason had a good ear, and he directed an orchestra that recorded best-selling albums with titles such as Music for Lovers Only and Music to Change Her Mind.

Terrorism
The Organization for the Defense of Free People freed the son of the Lebanese defense minister and his driver, who had been kidnapped in Beirut a week earlier. American Broadcasting Company correspondent Charles Glass, who had also been kidnapped on June 17, remained in custody.

Football
CFL
The day before they were to open their regular season in Toronto, the Montreal Alouettes folded. This blogger first heard the news on the radio just after 4 A.M. Eastern Daylight Time while working on an all-night assignment for library school.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Abba-esque (EP)--Erasure

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Brian Keith, 75
. U.S. actor. Mr. Keith, the son of actor Robert Keith, originally acted under the name Robert Keith, Jr. in a career that started at the age of 2 when he appeared in a silent movie. He was best known for his starring roles in the television series Family Affair (1966-1971) and Hardcastle and McCormick (1983-1986). Mr. Keith was suffering from emphysema and lung cancer when he died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound, which some believe may have been accidental.

World events
The U.S. Air Force released The Roswell Report, closing the case on the 1947 Roswell, New Mexico incident involving an unidentified flying object, saying that the alien bodies witnesses reported seeing were actually life-sized dummies.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Chris Benoit, 40
. Canadian wrestler. Mr. Benoit, a native of Montreal who grew up in St. Albert, Alberta, held 22 championship belts in various circuits in a 22-year professional career, which began with Calgary-based Stampede Wrestling in 1985. Mr. Benoit hanged himself two days after strangling his wife Nancy, 43, and their son Daniel, 7, at their home in Fayetteville, Georgia. A post-mortem neurological exam found that Mr. Benoit had such severe brain damage that his brain resembled that of an 85-year-old Alzheimer's disease patient, and it was said that he would have required institutionalization within seven years. He had wrestled as recently as June 19, and was scheduled to wrestle on the following weekend.

Religion
Anglican Church of Canada bishops narrowly overturned a vote to approve sodomite/lesbian unions.

Horse Racing
Emma-Jayne Wilson, 25, became the first female jockey to win the Queen's Plate in its 148-year history, riding Mike Fox to victory at Woodbine Racetrack in Etobicoke, Ontario in a time of 2:05.45.

Friday, 23 June 2017

June 23, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry Holden!

260 years ago
1757


War
3,000 British East India Company troops under Colonel Robert Clive defeated a 50,000-strong Indian army under Siraj ud-Daulah in the Battle of Plassey in Bengal.

150 years ago
1867


Health
Yellow fever appeared in New Orleans.

130 years ago
1887


Environment
The Rocky Mountains Park Act became law in Canada, creating Banff National Park as the nation's first national park.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Bubba Floyd
. U.S. baseball player. Leslie Floyd played 3 games at shortstop with the Detroit Tigers in 1944, batting .444 (4 for 9) with a double, a base on balls, and a run. He played with various minor league teams from at least 1936-1946. Mr. Floyd died on December 15, 2000 at the age of 83.

Jack Sanford. U.S. baseball player and coach. Dr. Sanford was a first baseman with the Washington Nationals (1940-1941, 1946), batting .209 with no home runs and 11 runs batted in in 47 games. He played for various minor league teams in the southern United States from at least 1939-1955. Dr. Sanforde became a physical education professor at Elon College in North Carolina, and coached their baseball team from 1956-1966, compiling a record of 184-110. He then taught at Barton College in North Carolina, coaching their baseball team in 1973 and 1981-1984. Dr. Sanford died on January 4, 2005 at the age of 87.

Baseball
Ernie Shore of the Boston Red Sox pitched a "perfect game," though he didn't start the Red Sox' 4-0 win over the Washington Nationals in the first game of a doubleheader before 16,158 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Babe Ruth started on the mound for Boston, but was ejected by home plate umpire Brick Owens for arguing a ball-four call to leadoff batter Ray Morgan and punching Mr. Owens. Mr. Shore entered, Mr. Morgan was caught stealing on the first pitch, and Mr. Shore got the next 26 outs. A 1991 rule change deprived him of the honour because he didn't pitch a full nine innings, making the game a combined no-hitter. The Red Sox completed the sweep with a 5-0 win in the second game, as Dutch Leonard threw a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Walter Johnson.

Roger Peckinpaugh doubled home Wally Pipp with the tying run and then scored on a pinch hit single by Les Nunamaker as the New York Yankees scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 2-1 for a sweep of their doubleheader before 20,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Ray Caldwell pitched a 6-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Jing Johnson, who also went the distance. Mr. Caldwell also started the first game, allowing 3 hits and no runs in 6 innings to get the win as the Yankees won 10-4. Mr. Pipp batted 4 for 4 with a triple, his American League-leading 6th home run of the season, 4 runs, and 3 runs batted in. The Athletics scored all their runs in the 9th inning.

The Chicago White Sox scored a run in the bottom of the 15th inning to defeat the Cleveland Indians 2-1 at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Casey Stengel had 2 hits in each game to help the Brooklyn Robins sweep a doubleheader from the Chicago Cubs 3-0 and 7-5 before 15,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Leon Cadore pitched a 6-hit shutout for the Robins in the first game to win the pitchers' duel over Jesse Barnes.

The Chicago Cubs scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 4-4 tie and defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 6-4 to complete a sweep of their doubleheader at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Phil Douglas pitched a 4-hit shutout, singled, and scored a run as the Cubs won the first game 2-0.

Lee Meadows pitched a 4-hit complete game for the St. Louis Cardinals as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 5-1 before 3,500 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

75 years ago
1942


War
Germany's latest fighter aircraft, a Focke-Wulf Fw 190, was captured intact when its pilot, Oberleutnant Armin Faber, mistakenly landed at Royal Air Force Pembrey in Wales. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's Axis forces attemtped tp flank the British defense line on the Libyan-Egyptian border. German forces continued heavy assaults in the Sevastopol and Kharkov areas of Russia. The U.S. Navy reported that 13 Allied ships had been sunk in the Caribbean Sea between June 4-13. Chinese forces recaptured the important Japanese base at Linhsien in northern Honan near the Shansi border.

Abominations
The first selections for those to be murdered in the gas chamber at the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz in Poland took place on a train full of Jews from Paris.

Politics and government
The British government in India outlawed the All India Forward Bloc, an extremist nationalist group founded by Subhas Chandra Bose in 1939.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities charged that the Union for Democratic Action was leading a campaign to discredit and obliterate Congress.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives Military Affairs Committee said in its report on war production that "there has been evidence of widespread and inexcusable waste of public funds."

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mam'selle--Art Lund (7th week at #1)
--Dick Haymes
--Frank Sinatra
--Dennis Day
--Pied Pipers
2 Peg o' My Heart--The Harmonicats
--Three Suns
--Art Lund
--Buddy Clark
--Clark Dennis
3 Linda--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
4 My Adobe Hacienda--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
5 Across the Alley from the Alamo--The Mills Brothers
6 That's My Desire--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Frankie Laine and Mannie Klein's All-Stars
7 Heartaches--Ted Weems and his Orchestra
--Harry James and his Orchestra
8 Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)--Perry Como and the Satisfiers
9 I Wonder, I Wonder, I Wonder--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
10 I Believe--Frank Sinatra

Singles entering the chart were As Long as I'm Dreaming, with versions by Bing Crosby, and Harry James and his Orchestra (#18); Temptation (Tim-Tayshun) by Red Ingle and his Natural Seven (#19); and When You were Sweet Sixteen by Perry Como and the Satisfiers (#21). When You were Sweet Sixteen was the B-side of Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Speckled Band

Defense
U.S. State Secretary George Marshall and War Secretary Robert Patterson testified before the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee in favour of the inter-American military cooperation bill, which permitted the shipment of U.S. weapons and ships to 20 American states.

Politics and government
The Punjab Legislative Assembly in Lahore voted for partition between India and Pakistan.

Journalism
British authorities in Dortmund ordered a one-month suspension of the Communist newspaper Westdeutsches Volksecho for "malicious" criticism of the occupation.

Economics and finance
Mexican President Miguel Aleman created a committee to supervise foreign investments, and decreed that foreign investors may not hold more than a 49% interest in any Mexican enterprise.

Labour
The United States Senate followed the United States House of Representatives in overriding President Harry Truman's veto of the Taft–Hartley Act, which restricted union activities.

The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the Lea Act, restricting labour practices in the communications industry.

Business
The U.S. government filed an antitrust suit in New York against the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, charging that ASCAP was engaged in a worldwide cartel and conspiracy to monopolize music performing rights.

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Dangerous People, starring Albert Salmi and Robert H. Harris

This was the last episode of the season.

Married on this date
U.K. actors Rex Harrison and Kay Kendall were wed in New York.

Politics and government
U.S.S.R. Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev addressed the party's Central Committee for three hours, accusing the faction supporting former Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov of an anti-party conspiracy and sabotage of East-West disarmament talks and Soviet bloc unity. The U.S.S.R. charged that "right-wing elements" in the Chinese Communist Party had exploited freedom of discussion to launch a "furious" attack on China's government.

Defense
Two Soviet destroyers, the first Russian warships to use the Suez Canal since 1917, passed through the waterway.

Auto racing
The Scottish team of Ivor Bueb and Ron Flockhart, driving a Jaguar, won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in France.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Opportunity--Mr. Lee Grant

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
2 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
3 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
4 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
5 Friday on My Mind--The Easybeats
6 My Girl Josephine--Jerry Jaye
7 Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead--The Fifth Estate
8 Bowling Green--The Everly Brothers
9 Do it Again a Little Bit Slower--Jon & Robin and the In Crowd
10 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
Pick hit of the week: Come On In--Wes Dakus
New this week: There Goes My Everything--Engelbert Humperdinck
The Jokers--Peter and Gordon
White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
Graduation Day--The Arbors
Cornflakes and Ice Cream--Lords of London

On the radio
Sherlock Holmes, starring Robert Langford and Kenneth Baker, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: The Reigate Squires

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson met with U.S.S.R. Premier Alexei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey for the three-day Glassboro Summit Conference.

Scandal
U.S. Senator Thomas J. Dodd (Democrat--Connecticut) was censured by the Senate for using "funds obtained from the public through political testimonials and a political campaign" for personal benefit.

Track and field
Jim Ryun, a 20-year-old sophomore at the University of Kansas, set a world record in the one-mile run of 3:51.1, breaking his own record set a year earlier. Mr. Ryun was competing in the Amateur Athletic Union national championships in Berkeley, California.

40 years ago
1977


At the movies
Why Shoot the Teacher, starring Bud Cort, Samantha Eggar, and Chris Wiggins, opened in theatres in Canada.

Journalism
The Soviet journal New Times contained an editorial denouncing Spanish Communist Party leader Santiago Carrillo, and calling his idea of Eurocommunism an anti-Soviet attempt to split the world communist movement. Mr. Carrillo had called for Western European communist parties to reject Soviet domination and Stalinist techniques of gaining and retaining power.

30 years ago
1987


Politics and government
Robert Bourassa and his Liberal majority in the Québec National Assembly approved the Meech Lake Accord, becoming the first provincial legislature to do so; this started countdown on three year ratification period for the Canadian constitutional accord.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the consumer price index had increased 0.3% in May.

25 years ago
1992


Died on this date
Eric Andolsek, 25
. U.S. football player. Mr. Andolsek was an offensive guard with the Louisiana State University Tigers from 1984-1987. He was drafted by the Detroit Lions in 1988, and played 61 games with them through 1991. Mr. Andolsek was working in the yard of his home when the driver of a semi-trailer truck took his eyes off the road, and the vehicle went into Mr. Andolsek's yard and killed him.

Politics and government
In the Israeli general election, the Labour Party, led by Yitzhak Rabin, took 44 seats in the 120-seat Knesset to take power for the first time in 15 years. Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir’s Likud Party took 32 seats, while the three-party coalition called Meretz won 12 seats. Labour supported a “land for peace” compromise with Palestinians, while Likud opposed Palestinian self-rule and was committed to constructing more Jewish settlements in the occupied territories. Meretz supported an independent Palestine. It was expected that Meretz and several small parties would join with Labour to produce a parliamentary majority for Mr. Rabin.

Defense
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced that his government planned to spend over $4 billion on 50 helicopters to replace aging naval Sea Kings, with delivery to start in 1998.

Crime
New York crime boss John Gotti was sentenced to life in prison for racketeering and five counts of murder.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Clumsy--Our Lady Peace
2 A Change Will Do You Good--Sheryl Crow
3 Staring at the Sun--U2
4 MMMBop--Hanson
5 Semi-Charmed Life--Third Eye Blind
6 Your Woman--White Town
7 Midnight Rain--Wide Mouth Mason
8 I Want You--Savage Garden
9 Elegantly Wasted--INXS
10 Sunny Came Home--Shawn Colvin

Singles entering the chart were Spy in the House of Love by Steve Winwood (#87); Try by Michael Penn (#90); Building a Mystery by Sarah McLachlan (#92); Temptation by the Tea Party (#95); The Full Catastrophe by John Mellencamp (#96); and Tripping Blues by the Dave Matthews Band (#97).

Died on this date
Betty Shabazz, 63
. U.S. educator and civil rights activist. Ms. Shabazz, born Betty Sanders, was the wife of Negro civil rights activist Malcolm X. She witnessed his assassination at the hands of Nation of Islam members in 1965, and pursued advanced education afterward, eventually becoming a professor of health sciences at Medgar Evers College in New York. She died 22 days after suffering burns to over 80% of her body in a fire set in her apartment by her young grandson Malcolm, who was sentenced to 18 months in juvenile detention for manslaughter and arson.

Canadiana
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip arrived in St. John's to begin a 10-day tour of Canada.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Rod Beck, 38
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Beck was a relief pitcher with the San Francisco Giants (1991–1997); Chicago Cubs (1998–1999); Boston Red Sox (1999–2001); and San Diego Padres (2003–2004), compiling a record of 38-45 with an earned run average of 3.30 and 286 saves in 704 games. He had surgery on his pitching arm after the 2001 season and spent the 2002 season in the minor leagues, but made a successful comeback with the Padres in 2003. Mr. Beck was a user of cocaine and heroin, which likely caused his death.