Sunday, 20 August 2017

August 21, 2017

450 years ago
1567


Born on this date
Francis de Sales
. Swiss clergyman. Bishop de Sales was the Roman Catholic Bishop of Geneva from 1602 until his death on December 28, 1622 at the age of 55. His book Introduction to the Devout Life (1609-1619) remains popular among those who practice mysticism.

150 years ago
1867


World events
Spanish authority was restored in Catalonia and other insurrectionary districts.

Business
Ransom E. Olds founded the Olds Motor Vehicle Company in Lansing, Michigan.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Charles Vanel
. French actor. Mr. Vanel had a career in films spanning 77 years, appearing in more than 200 movies, including Le Salaire de la Peur (The Wages of Fear) (1953); Les Diaboliques (1955); and To Catch a Thief (1955). He died on April 15, 1989 at the age of 96.

90 years ago
1927


Politics and government
Albert Saunders was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island, almost two months after leading the Liberal Party to electoral victory over the Conservative government of Premier James Stewart.

75 years ago
1942


War
American forces defeated an attack by Imperial Japanese Army soldiers in the Battle of the Tenaru.

World events
The flag of Nazi Germany was installed atop Mount Elbrus, the highest peak of the Caucasus mountain range.

70 years ago
1947


On the radio
Mystery in the Air, starring Peter Lorre, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Horla

Died on this date
Ettore Bugatti, 65
. Italian-born French automobile executive. Mr. Bugatti designed his first automobile in 1898, and founded Automobiles E. Bugatti in 1909 in Molsheim, Alsace, now part of France.

Baseball
The Maynard (Pennsylvania) Midgets won the first U.S. National Little League Tournament (later the Little League World Series) in Williamsport Pa., beating Lock Haven, Pa. 16-7.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Nels Stewart, 54
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Stewart was a centre with the Montreal Maroons (1925-32); Boston Bruins (1932-35, 1936-37); and New York Americans (1935-36, 1937-40), scoring 515 points on 324 goals and 191 assists in 650 regular season games and 9 goals and 12 assists in 21 playoff games. He played on the Maroons' first Stanley Cup championship team in 1926, the same season in which he won the Art Ross Trophy as the National Hockey League's leading scorer and the Hart Memorial Trophy as the league's Most Valuable Player. Mr. Stewart won the Hart Memorial Trophy again in 1930. In 1937 he set the NHL career regular season record for goals, and his final total of 324 stood as the league record until it was broken in 1952 by Maurice "Rocket" Richard of the Montreal Canadiens in 1952. Another NHL record set by Mr. Stewart that has been tied, but not broke, is for the fastest two goals--in 4 seconds against the Boston Bruins on January 3, 1931. Mr. Stewart was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1952, and died of a possible heart attack.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. successfully conducted a long-range test flight of the R-7 Semyorka, the first intercontinental ballistic missile.

Transportation
The Saskatchewan section of the Trans-Canada Highway officially opened.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Lola--Los Brincos (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Mike Emery, 34
. Canadian physician. Dr. Emery graduated from the University of Alberta with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1953 and graduated from McGill University Medical School in 1957. He was the team doctor of the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League in the late 1950s-early 1960s, and was on staff at University of Alberta Hospital, but was suffering from a blood condition, and died the day after suffering a brain hemorrhage at the wheel of his car.

Chelley Stanway, 13. Canadian medical patient. Miss Stanway, a resident of Calgary, died of Ewing's sarcoma, a condition rare enough to merit mention in the newspapers.

Music
The Who, Herman's Hermits, and the Blues Magoos performed at the Edmonton Gardens before a crowd of 8,000, with a price of $5 per ticket. Edmonton Journal variety columnist Barry Westgate panned the Who and praised Herman's Hermits in his review, while the paper's teen page columnist panned Herman's Hermits and praised the Who.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Boogie Nights--Heat Wave (3rd week at #1)

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (6th week at #1)

War
300 members of the French Foreign Legion arrived in Lebanon to be part of a multinational peacekeeping force in Beirut.

Crime
Sergeant Clayton Lonetree, the first U.S. Marine ever court-martialled for spying, was convicted in Quantico, Virginia of passing secrets to the Soviet secret police force KGB.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the consumer price index had risen 0.2% in July, and that after-tax profits of U.S. corporations had risen 4.2% in the second quarter of 1987.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (5-3) 28 @ Toronto (5-3-1) 25

Bernie Ruoff’s fourth field goal of the game, a 41-yard kick with 19 seconds remaining in regulation time, gave the Tiger-Cats their win over the Argonauts before 33,648 fans at Exhibition Stadium. The winning field goal came 2 minutes and 30 seconds after Hamilton had tied the game on a 28-yard touchdown pass from Tom Porras to Steve Stapler and Mr. Ruoff’s convert. Darrell K. Smith caught 2 touchdown passes for the Argonauts, the first from Gilbert Renfroe and the second from John Congemi, who entered the game after Mr. Renfroe left with an injury. Gill Fenerty rushed 2 yards for the other Toronto touchdown. The Tiger-Cats’ first TD came on a 10-yard pass to Tony Champion from Mr. Porras, who completed 36 of 53 passes for 432 yards.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (4th week at #1)

Weather
A cold front dumped snow on Edmonton and Calgary. It was the first time in 46 years that snow had fallen in Calgary in August, and the last time before that had been 46 years earlier.

Abominations
U.S. federal marshals shot and killed Sammy Weaver, the son of white separatist Randy Weaver after killing the family dog, beginning an 11--day siege at Ruby Ridge in northern Idaho.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (0-7) 23 @ Calgary (5-2) 44

After a scoreless 1st quarter, the Stampeders took a 25-1 halftime lead and coasted to victory over the Lions before 21,508 fans at McMahon Stadium. Doug Flutie completed 24 of 35 passes for 408 yards and touchdowns to Carl Bland and Derrick Crawford, and rushed 1 yard for a touchdown of his own. Eric Mitchel rushed 10 yards for a Calgary touchdown in the 3rd quarter and 62 yards for another in the 4th quarter. B.C. scored 3 touchdowns in the 4th quarter on passes from backup quarterback Mike Johnson, who relieved starter Tony Kimbrough. Mr. Johnson threw 2 touchdown passes to Matt Clark and another to Mike Trevathan.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): The Age of Love--Scooter

Terrorism
The Souhane massacre in Algeria concluded, with 64 people killed and 15 women kidnapped. Islamic groups were blamed.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (4-5) 1 @ Toronto (7-2) 27
Hamilton (1-8) 24 @ Edmonton (7-2) 28

Jimmy Kemp completed 18 of 37 passes for 238 yards and a touchdown to Robert Gordon, and rushed 4 times for 43 yards to help the Eskimos defeat the Tiger-Cats before 26,960 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Tony Burse rushed for a pair of 1-yard touchdowns within a span of 2 minutes 2 seconds late in the 2nd quarter to enable the Eskimos to overcome a 14-6 deficit. Hamilton wide receiver Earl Winfield, playing the second-last game of his 11-year Hall of Fame career, caught a pair of touchdown passes from quarterback Anthony Calvillo. Mr. Calvillo directed a long drive in the closing minutes of the game, but Glenn Rogers, Jr. intercepted at the Edmonton 6-yard line in the final seconds to preserve the Edmonton victory. Edmonton kick returner Henry "Gizmo" Williams returned the 2nd-half kickoff 31 yards to pass the CFL career record for combined yardage held by Saskatchewan Roughriders' fullback George Reed (1963-1975). It was the 174th and final game in the 13-year Canadian Football League career of Hamilton centre Dale Sanderson.

Saturday, 19 August 2017

August 20, 2017

1,100 years ago
917


War
Bulgarian Empire forces commanded by Czar Simeon I decisively defeated Byzantine forces commanded by Leo Phocas in the Battle of Achelous, near the Bulgarian Black Sea coast.

550 years ago
1467


War
Both sides claimed victory in the Second Battle of Olmedo in Spain, which took place as part of a succession conflict between King Henry IV of Castile and his half-brother Alfonso, Prince of Asturias.

150 years ago
1867


Diplomacy
The United States closed its legation in Rome.

Emperors Napoleon III of France and Franz Josef I of Austria met for talks in Salzburg.

125 years ago
1892


Economics and finance
U.S. President Benjamin Harrison issued a proclamation retaliatory upon Canada by establishing tolls on the Sault Ste. Marie Canal.

100 years ago
1917


Died on this date
Adolf von Baeyer, 81
. German chemist. Dr. Baeyer was awarded the 1905 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "[for] the advancement of organic chemistry and the chemical industry, through his work on organic dyes and hydroaromatic compounds."

War
Troops from Manitoba took part in the Battle of Hill 70 at Loos, France,, which lasted from August 15-25, 1917.

90 years ago
1927


Politics and government
Liberal Party leader and Minister of Finance John MacLean was sworn in as Premier of British Columbia, succeeding John Oliver, who had died three days earlier.

80 years ago
1937


Labour
The Miramichi Strike began, as 1,500 millworkers and longshoremen along the Miramichi River at Bathurst, New Brunswick struck 14 lumber firms for increased wages.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
István Horthy, 37
. Hungarian politician and military aviator. First Lieutenant Horthy was the eldest son of Regent Admiral Miklós Horthy, and was named Deputy Regent on February 19, 1942. István Horthy was a fighter pilot in the Magyar Királyi Honvéd Légierő (Royal Hungarian Air Force), and was killed in a plane crash in Russia.

60 years ago
1957


Space
U.S. Air Force Major David Simons concluded a 32-hour voyage to the stratosphere in Manhigh II, the second high-altitude balloon flight in Project Manhigh.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (0-1) 28 @ Montreal (1-0) 29
Hamilton (0-1) 7 @ Ottawa (1-0) 20

Baseball
Bob Keegan pitched the only major league no-hitter of 1957, leading the Chicago White Sox to a 6-0 win over the Washington Senators in the second game of a twi-night doubleheader before 22,815 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. The White Sox scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning. Pete Runnels hit a 2-run home run as part of a 3-run 4th inning as the Senators won the first game 5-4.

The Cleveland Indians withstood a 3-run 9th-inning rally and held on to edge the Boston Red Sox 5-4 before 11,474 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. The Red Sox had runners on first and second bases with 2 out, but Jimmy Piersall grounded into a force play at second base to end the game. Cleveland left fielder Gene Woodling batted 4 for 4 with a home run, double, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in.

The Kansas City Athletics managed just 2 hits against Bob Turley, but they came back-to-back and produced the game's only run as the Athletics edged the New York Yankees 1-0 before 23,737 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. With 1 out in the bottom of the 5th inning, Woodie Held doubled and scored on a single by Tim Thompson. Mr. Turley pitched a complete game, falling to 10-4 for the season. Ralph Terry pitched a 6-hit shutout, improving his 1957 record to 4-7.

Duke Snider hit a home run in each game as the Brooklyn Dodgers swept a twi-night doubleheader from the Cincinnati Reds 11-5 and 6-5 in 12 innings before 16,132 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Mr. Snider's homer in the second game came with the bases empty and 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning, ending the game. Ed Roebuck allowed 3 hits and 1 unearned run in 5 2/3 innings of relief to get the win in the first game, while driving in 2 runs with his first major league home run in the 7th inning and a single in the 8th.

Stan Musial homered in each game to help the St. Louis Cardinals sweep a doubleheader from the New York Giants 4-3 and 3-2 before 13,198 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Sam Jones and Von McDaniel each pitched complete game victories.

Stan Lopata led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a home run to give the Philadelphia Phillies a 2-1 win over the Chicago Cubs in the first game of a doubleheader before 15,129 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Dick Farrell pitched 2 scoreless innings in relief of Curt Simmons to get the win over Moe Drabowsky, who pitched a complete game in taking the loss. Ernie Banks hit a 2-run homer in the top of the 4th inning to help the Cubs win the second game 5-2.

Eddie Mathews tripled home Red Schoendienst with 1 out and scored on a single by Hank Aaron to break a 1-1 tie as the Milwaukee Braves scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 3-1 before 21,328 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Warren Spahn pitched a 7-hit complete game victory to improve his 1957 record to 15-8.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ti Amo'--Umberto Tozzi (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Cokane in My Brain--Dillinger (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Angelo--The Brotherhood of Man

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Best of My Love--Emotions

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Best of My Love--Emotions
2 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb
3 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise
4 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
5 Easy--Commodores
6 Handy Man--James Taylor
7 You Made Me Believe in Magic--Bay City Rollers
8 You and Me--Alice Cooper
9 Just a Song Before I Go--Crosby, Stills & Nash
10 Barracuda--Heart

Singles entering the chart were The Martian Boogie by Brownsville Station (#76); Look What You've Done to My Heart by Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr. (#85); Dog Days by Atlanta Rhythm Section (#89); Can't You See by the Marshall Tucker Band (#99); and Since I Fell For You/I'm Falling in Love by Hodges, James and Smith (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb (3rd week at #1)
2 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise
3 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
4 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
5 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
6 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
7 You and Me--Alice Cooper
8 Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA
9 You Made Me Believe in Magic--Bay City Rollers
10 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day

Singles entering the chart were Something Better by Chilliwack (#82); Jungle Love by the Steve Miller Band (#85); Heaven on the Seventh Floor by the Mighty Pope (#95); Magic Fly by Kebekelektric (#96); Love Gone By by Dan Fogelberg (#97); Hurry Sundown by the Outlaws (#98); I Believe You by Dorothy Moore (#99); and Nothing But a Breeze by Jesse Winchester (#100).

Space
The United States launched Voyager 2, an unmanned spacecraft carrying a 12-inch copper phonograph record containing greetings in dozens of languages, samples of music and sounds of nature, toward the outer four planets of the solar system.

30 years ago
1987


Health
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney imposed a total ban on smoking in public service offices, starting January 1, 1988. Smoking by government employees at all public service counters ended immediately.

Labour
70,000 Hyundai auto workers in South Korea returned to work, the day after the company had agreed, under government pressure, to recognize a new union.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (5-3) 26 @ Calgary (3-6) 31

Tim Petros rushed 15 times for 140 yards and a touchdown as the Stampeders beat the Lions before 24,377 fans at McMahon Stadium in the first game for the Stampeders under head coach Lary Kuharich, who had replaced the fired Bob Vespaziani. Mr. Petros’ touchdown came in the 2nd quarter, less than 3 minutes after Calgary quarterback Rick Johnson had thrown an 8-yard touchdown pass to Emanuel Tolbert. Vince Goldsmith scored the other Calgary touchdown on a 1-yard return of a fumble by B.C. quarterback Roy Dewalt. Andre Francis returned an interception 49 yards in the 1st quarter for the first B.C. touchdown, and Ray Crouse rushed 4 yards for the Lions’ only offensive TD with 2:48 remaining in regulation time to make the score 28-26. A 2-point convert attempt was unsuccessful, and J.T. Hay kicked a 29-yard field goal with 1:10 remaining to give the Stampeders a 5-point lead. Mr. Crouse rushed 16 times for 90 yards, while teammate Jim Sandusky caught 6 passes for 156 yards. Mr. Johnson completed just 9 of 22 passes for 87 yards.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (2nd week at #1)

World events
Iraq sentenced a British man named Paul Ride to seven years in prison for "illegal entry" into the country.

Journalism
Intimate photographs of Sarah, Duchess of York and American businessman John Bryan were published by the London tabloid Daily Mirror.

Politics and government
Canada’s premiers and constitutional negotiators unanimously backed the principle of self-government for native people. The agreement also stipulated that no new land rights would be granted under self-government and that native laws must not contravene the constitutional dictum of “peace, order and good government.”

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (3-4) 9 @ Ottawa (4-3) 20
Toronto (2-5) 16 @ Edmonton (6-1) 39

The Rough Riders made 5 interceptions off Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin as they beat the Roughriders before 24,020 fans at Lansdowne Park. One of those making interceptions was Less Browne, whose interception was the 67th of his CFL career, breaking the career record formerly held by Larry Highbaugh. Ottawa quarterback Tom Burgess threw touchdown passes to Stephen Jones and Treamelle Taylor, while Mr. Austin completed a touchdown pass to Don Narcisse.

Tom Muecke, who was named to replace injured starting quarterback Tracy Ham during the pre-game warmup, completed 19 of 27 passes for 268 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Eskimos over the Argonauts in front of a Commonwealth Stadium crowd of 30,186. The first 2 of Mr. Muecke’s touchdown passes went to Jim Sandusky in the 1st quarter, and the other went to Blake Marshall in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Marshall also rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter as the Eskimos built a 31-3 halftime lead. Henry “Gizmo” Williams scored the only Edmonton touchdown of the 2nd half on a 90-yard punt return in the 3rd quarter. John Congemi completed a 13-yard pass to Kevin Smellie for the only Toronto touchdown with 1:13 remaining in the game. Mr. Muecke’s performance earned him the award as the CFL’s offensive star of the week. Rookie Dechane Cameron played the 4th quarter at quarterback for the Eskikmos, completing 1 of 5 passes for 15 yards in his first regular season game action. Mr. Sandusky led all receivers with 8 catches for 151 yards. Michael Soles of the Eskimos rushed 8 times for 59 yards, while teammate Blake Ezor, in his best CFL game, rushed 12 times for 50 yards.

20 years ago
1997


Transportation
Hudson Bay Railway, owned by Omnitrax of Denver, Colorado, took over operation of former Canadian National Railway lines from The Pas, Manitoba to Flin Flon, Lynn Lake, and Churchill.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Leona Helmsley, 87
. U.S. businesswoman. Mrs. Helmsley, born Lena Rosenthal, was a real estate tycoon in New York City who was nicknamed "The Queen of Mean" for her tyrannical behaviour. She served 19 months in prison from 1992-1994 for income tax evasion.

Disasters
China Airlines Flight 120, a Boeing 737-800, caught fire and exploded after landing at Naha Airport in Okinawa, Japan on a flight from Taiwan. Three people on the aircraft and one member of the ground crew sustained injuries, but fortunately, no one was killed.

August 19, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Bryan Hall!

325 years ago
1692


Crime
In Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay, five people--one woman and four men, including a clergyman--were executed after being convicted of witchcraft.

90 years ago
1927


Abominations
Patriarch Sergius of Moscow proclaimed the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet Union.

80 years ago
1937


Baseball
In a Pacific Coast League game between the San Diego Padres and Sacramento Solons at Edmonds Field in Sacramento, umpire Jack Powell was arrested on the field during the 6th inning for drunkenness. The arrest was made after Mr. Powell had called a Sacramento runner out at second base in the 5th inning although the San Diego second baseman had dropped the ball. The Padres won the game 8-6, and the Solons protested the game.

75 years ago
1942


War
Allied troops landed at Dieppe, on the French coast northwest of Paris, sustaining heavy casualties. About 4,100 of the 6,100-man landing force were killed, wounded or captured by Nazi forces. About 1,000 of those killed were Canadians; Germany sustained 591 casualties. Evidence has now come to light revealing the possible actual purpose of the raid.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear/Loving You--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--7th week at #1; Top 100--6th week at #1); Tammy--Debbie Reynolds (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1)

Space
U.S. Air Force Major David Simons began a 32-hour voyage to the stratosphere in Manhigh II, the second high-altitude balloon flight in Project Manhigh.

Football
WIFU
British Columbia (1-1) 1 @ Calgary (1-0) 8
Saskatchewan (0-2) 7 @ Edmonton (2-0) 37

Jackie Parker scored 2 touchdowns and Rollie Miles, Normie Kwong, and Mike Lashuk added 1 each as the Eskimos routed the Roughriders at Clarke Stadium. Mr. Lashuk's TD was his first in professional football. Joe Mobra converted 4 of the touchdowns and Bill Walker punted for 3 singles.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Adios Amor--Sheila (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La coppia più bella del mondo--Adriano Celentano (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): All You Need is Love--The Beatles

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): All You Need is Love--The Beatles

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 All You Need is Love--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Light My Fire--The Doors
3 Pleasant Valley Sunday--The Monkees
4 Ode to Billie Joe--Bobbie Gentry
5 Mercy, Mercy, Mercy--The Buckinghams
6 Baby I Love You--Aretha Franklin
7 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
8 A Girl Like You--The Young Rascals
9 Words--The Monkees
10 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum

Singles entering the chart were I Had a Dream by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#52); Making Every Minute Count by Spanky and Our Gang (#64); Little Ole Wine Drinker Me by Dean Martin (#70); Love Bug Leave My Heart Alone by Martha and the Vandellas (#79); Gimme Little Sign by Brenton Wood (#80); I Feel Good (I Feel Bad) by the Lewis & Clarke Expedition (#88); Get on Up by the Esquires (#94); Lovin' Sound by Ian and Sylvia (#96); Don't Forget About Me by the American Breed (#97); I Can't Stay Away from You by the Impressions (#98); and Knucklehead by the Bar-Kays (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Pleasant Valley Sunday--The Monkees
2 All You Need is Love--The Beatles
3 Light My Fire--The Doors
4 A Girl Like You--The Young Rascals
5 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
6 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
7 My Mammy--The Happenings
8 More Love--Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
9 Baby I Love You--Aretha Franklin
10 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane

Singles entering the chart were It's the Little Things by Sonny and Cher (#75); Higher and Higher by Jackie Wilson (#77); There is a Mountain by Donovan (#79); Turn on Your Love Light by Oscar Toney, Jr. (#84); Sixteen Tons by Tom Jones (#86); Laura, What's He Got that I Ain't Got by Frankie Laine (#87); I Had a Dream by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#89); Lady Friend by the Byrds (#90); The Letter by the Box Tops (#91); Get the Message by Brian Hyland (#92); Zip Code by the Five Americans (#93); Come Go with Me by the Eternals (#94); Little Ole Wine Drinker Me by Dean Martin (#97); Mr. John by Kensington Market (#98); Making Every Minute Count by Spanky and Our Gang (#99); and (We’ll Meet in the) Yellow Forest by Jay & the Americans (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 To Sir with Love--Lulu
2 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
3 Pleasant Valley Sunday/Words--The Monkees
4 Sunny Goodge Street--Tom Northcott
5 Not So Sweet Martha Lorraine--Country Joe and the Fish
6 (I Wanna) Testify--The Parliaments
7 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
8 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
9 A Girl Like You--The Young Rascals
10 To Love Somebody--The Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were I Had a Dream by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#35); There is a Mountain by Donovan (#36); Never My Love by the Association (#37); Paper Sun by Traffic featuring Steve Winwood (#38); Fisherwoman by the Collectors (#39); and You Know What I Mean by the Turtles (#40).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 To Sir with Love--Lulu
2 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
3 Good Times/San Franciscan Nights--Eric Burdon & the Animals
4 (I Wanna) Testify--The Parliaments
5 Sunny Goodge Street--Tom Northcott
6 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
7 Zip Code--The Five Americans
8 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
9 Words/Pleasant Valley Sunday--The Monkees
10 To Love Somebody--Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were Ode to Billie Joe by Bobbie Gentry (#20); There is a Mountain by Donovan (#23); Things I Should Have Said by the Grass Roots (#24); Happy by the Sunshine Company (#25); Try, Try, Try by Jim Valley (#28); Apples, Peaches, Pumpkin Pie by Jay and the Techniques (#29); and The Letter by the Box Tops (#30).

Protest
Four days of race riots began in New Haven, Connecticut.

Football
CFL
Toronto (2-1) 10 @ Edmonton (2-2) 31

Jim Thomas rushed for 110 yards and 2 touchdowns and caught a 55-yard pass for another TD to help the Eskimos beat the Argonauts before 21,107 fans at Clarke Stadium. Randy Kerbow scored the other Edmonton TD on a pass from Frank Cosentino.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Groucho Marx, 86
. U.S. comedian and actor. Julius Henry Marx, with older brothers Chico and Harpo, and younger brother Gummo (later replaced by Zeppo), was successful in vaudeville before breaking into movies with The Cocoanuts (1929), the first of 13 films starring the brothers through 1949. Groucho was the most famous and recognizable of the brothers, with his glasses, greasepaint (later real) moustache and eyebrows, and quick wit. He had a successful solo career, especially as host of the radio (1947-1960) and television (1950-1961) quiz show You Bet Your Life.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (4th week at #1)

Crime
Michael Ryan, 27, shot and killed 16 people in the English town of Hungerford in Berkshire before turning the gun on himself.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Abba-esque--Erasure (9th week at #1)

Died on this date
George McIlraith, 84
. Canadian politician. A Liberal, Mr. McIlraith was the Member of Parliament in the House of Commons for Ottawa West from 1940-1968 and Ottawa Centre from 1968-1972. In the governments of Prime Ministers Lester Pearson and Pierre Trudeau, he served as Minister of Transport (1963-1964); Minister of Public Works (1965-1968); and Solicitor General (1968-1970), as well as acting minister in several other portfolios. From 1964-1967 Mr. McIlraith was the government's House of Commons leader in charge of parliamentary strategy. Mr. McIlraith was appointed to the Senate by Mr. Trudeau in 1972 and served there until 1983.

Politics and government
At the Republican National Convention at the Astrodome in Houston, U.S. President George Bush and Vice-President Dan Quayle were renominated with no dissenting votes.

Canadian constitutional negotiators announced a plan for a redesigned Senate and House of Commons. The proposed new Senate would have 62 members: 6 from each province and 1 from each territory. The House of Commons would have 42 more members, adding MPs from British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, and Quebec, and guaranteeing Quebec 25% of the representation.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the merchandise trade deficit had narrowed to $6.59 billion in June.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (4-3) 20 @ Hamilton (4-3) 21

Paul Osbaldiston’s 33-yard field goal on the last play of regulation time gave the Tiger-Cats the win over the Blue Bombers before 20,932 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Troy Westwood had given the Blue Bombers a 20-18 lead with a 49-yard field goal, his fourth of the game, with 1:48 remaining. Orville Lee rushed 1 yard for a Hamilton touchdown in the 1st quarter, while quarterback Damon Allen rushed 1 yard for the other Hamilton TD late in the 3rd quarter. Winnipeg quarterback Matt Dunigan completed 30 of 46 passes for 333 yards, but the only touchdown he produced came on a 21-yard pass to Eric Streater in the 1st quarter. Winnipeg running back Robert Mimbs, who had led the CFL in rushing yardage in 1990 and 1991, carried 8 times for 25 yards in what turned out to be his last game as a Blue Bomber. After 7 games he had 392 yards—fourth in the league—but was replaced by rookie Michael Richardson.

Baseball
Bret Boone made his major league debut, batting 1 for 4 and driving in a run and scoring 2 while playing second base for the Seattle Mariners in a 10-8 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 41,149 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Mr. Boone thus became the first third-generation major league player, after grandfather Ray Boone and father Bob.

Don Mattingly had 4 hits and 3 runs, and Randy Velarde drove in 4 runs to help the New York Yankees rout the Oakland Athletics 14-3 before 20,568 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Greg Vaughn hit a 3-run home run in the 3rd inning and a 2-run single in the 4th to help the Milwaukee Brewers beat the Toronto Blue Jays 10-5 before 32,060 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 8th inning, Steve Sax and Tim Raines hit consecutive singles and Frank Thomas doubled them both home to enable the Chicago White Sox to defeat the Texas Rangers 3-2 before 31,227 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Gary Disarcina doubled home Von Hayes and Lee Stevens with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to enable the California Angels to defeat the Boston Red Sox 3-2 before 32,980 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. With 1 out in the inning, Ken Oberkfell singled and Mr. Hayes ran for him and advanced to third base on a double by Mr. Stevens after Chad Curtis struck out for the second out. For Mr. Hayes, it was the 1,495th game of his 12-year major league career.

Tom Glavine allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 1/3 innings to improve his 1992 record to 19-3, and drove in 2 runs with a single and sacrifice bunt to help the Atlanta Braves defeat the Montreal Expos 4-2 before 27,235 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Atlanta shortstop Jeff Blauser opened the scoring with a 2-run home run in the 3rd inning.

Ray Lankford batted 4 for 5 with a home run, double, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in, and Tracy Woodson was 4 for 5 with a run and 3 RBIs to help the St. Louis Cardinals rout the Houston Astros 12-1 before 32,201 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Friday, 18 August 2017

August 18, 2017

430 years ago
1587


Born on this date
Virginia Dare
. Miss Dare was the first child of English parents to be born in the Americas. Her parents, Ananias Dare and Eleanor White, were members of the Roanoke Colony in what is now North Carolina. Several months later, her grandfather and Governor of the colony, John White, returned to England to obtain more supplies. When he returned in 1590, the colonists were gone, and their fate remains a mystery.

225 years ago
1792


Born on this date
John Russell
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1846-1852, 1865-1866. Lord Russell, a Whig for most of his career and then a Liberal, held several cabinet posts in addition to his two terms as Prime Minister. He was known for his support of the expansion of civil liberty, but was criticized for his government's failure to deal with the Irish Potato Famine in the late 1840s. Lord Russell served as Foreign Secretary under Prime Minister Lord Palmerston from 1859-1865, and was named Prime Minister upon Lord Palmerston's death. Lord Russell died on May 28, 1878 at the age of 85.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Caspar Weinberger
. U.S. politician. Mr. Weinberger, a captain in the United States Army during World War II, was U.S. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford from 1973-1975, but was better known for his tenure as Secretary of Defense under President Ronald Reagan from 1981-1987, aiding Mr. Reagan's "peace through strength" policy that helped to win and end the Cold War against the U.S.S.R. He died on March 28, 2006 at the age of 88.

Disasters
A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroyed 32% of the city, leaving 70,000 people homeless.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Peg o' My Heart--The Harmonicats (8th week at #1)
--Three Suns
--Art Lund
--Buddy Clark
--Clark Dennis
2 That's My Desire--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Frankie Laine and Mannie Klein's All-Stars
3 I Wonder, I Wonder, I Wonder--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
4 Temptation (Tim-Tayshun)--Red Ingles and his Natural Seven
5 Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)--Perry Como and the Satisfiers
6 Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)--Tex Williams and his Western Caravan
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
7 Ivy--Jo Stafford
--Woody Herman with the Four Chips
8 Across the Alley from the Alamo--The Mills Brothers
9 Feudin' and Fightin'--Dorothy Shay
--Jo Stafford
--Bing Crosby and the Jesters
10 Tallahassee--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters

Singles entering the chart were I Have But One Heart (O Marinariello) by Vic Damone (#21); Cumana (#31)/The Lady from 29 Palms (#35) by Freddy Martin and his Orchestra; Cumana by Alvina Rey and his Orchestra (#31, charting with the version by Freddy Martin and his Orchestra); Ain'tcha Ever Comin' Back, with versions by Frank Sinatra, and Peggy Lee (#32); The Old Chaperone by Bing Crosby and the Skylarks (#34); When Tonight is a Memory by Perry Como with Helen Carroll and the Satisfiers (#39); and You Do, with versions by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra; Margaret Whiting; Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro; Dinah Shore; and Vic Damone (#40). The version of Cumana by Alvino Rey and his Orchestra was the other side of Bloop-Bleep, charting at #11 with the version by Woddy Herman and his Orchestra.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: All You Need is Love--The Beatles

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 All You Need is Love--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Words/Pleasant Valley Sunday--The Monkees
3 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
4 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
5 Laborer--The 49th Parallel
6 Thank the Lord for the Night Time--Neil Diamond
7 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
8 A Whiter Shade of Pale
9 To Love Somebody--Bee Gees
10 Pictures of Lily--The Who
Pick hit of the week: I Dig Rock and Roll Music--Peter, Paul and Mary
New this week: Never My Love--The Association
I Had a Dream--Paul Revere and the Raiders
On the Other Side--The Seekers
Sugar Man--Keith
Twelve Thirty--The Mamas and the Papas

40 years ago
1977


World events
Anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko was arrested at a police roadblock in King William's Town, South Africa under the Terrorism Act No. 83 of 1967. He later died from injuries sustained during this arrest, bringing attention to South Africa's apartheid policies.

30 years ago
1987


Crime
Donald Harvey, 35, a hospital orderly from Middletown, Ohio, pled guilty in Hamilton County Court to killing 24 people, 21 of them in 1986 and 1987 at Daniel Drake Memorial Hospital in Cincinnati. Mr. Harvey reportedly confessed to 30 other killings since the 1970s. He said that he poisoned most of his victims. The investigation into the killings began when an autopsy showed that a patient had died of a lethal dose of cyanide. Mr. Harvey was sentenced to three consecutive life terms in prison.

Terrorism
American Broadcasting Company reporter Charles Glass, who had been kidnapped in Beirut on June 16, escaped and made contact with Syrians who drove him to Damascus, where he was handed over to U.S. officials. Mr. Glass said that he had slipped out of his chains and locked the sleeping guards inside the apartment in which he was being held.

Medicine
U.S. health officials and MicroGeneSys Inc. announced that the first test on humans of an experimental vaccine for AIDS would begin in October. The company, based in West Haven, Connecticut, developed the vaccine, which had already been tested on animals. 81 volunteers would be recruited in the Washington, D.C. area for the tests.

25 years ago
1992


Died on this date
John Sturges, 82
. U.S. film director. Mr. Sturges, who directed 45 films, was known for action movies with large all-male (or nearly all-male) casts. His movies included Mystery Street (1950); Escape from Fort Bravo (1953); Bad Day at Black Rock (1955); Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957); The Magnificent Seven (1960); The Great Escape (1963); The Satan Bug (1965); Ice Station Zebra (1968); Marooned (1969); and The Eagle has Landed (1976).

Politics and government
Negotiations between the Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and provincial governments began in Charlottetown; they eventually resulted in a constitutional agreement known as the Charlottetown Accord, which was subjected to a national referendum two months later.

Abominations
Conditions in two Serbian detention camps were condemned by French cabinet minister Dr. Bernard Kouchner, leader of a delegation inspecting the camps.

Business
Wang Laboratories, Inc., a company that had led the way in developing minicomputers, filed for bankruptcy. The company had been founded by the late An Wang, acknowledged as the inventor of word processors. Analysts said the company had failed to respond effectively to the rising popularity of personal computers.

Basketball
NBA
Larry Bird announced his retirement from the Boston Celtics after 13 seasons because of recurring back problems. Mr. Bird had led the Celtics to NBA championships in 1981, 1984, and 1986, and been named the league’s Most Valuable Player in 1984, 1985, and 1986.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Building a Mystery--Sarah McLachlan (3rd week at #1)
2 Do You Know What it Takes--Hobyn
3 Men in Black--Will Smith
4 I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112
5 Where's the Love--Hanson
6 2 Become 1--Spice Girls
7 All for You--Sister Hazel
8 When I'm Up (I Can't Get Down)--Great Big Sea
9 It Could Happen to You--Blue Rodeo
10 A Change Will Do You Good--Sheryl Crow

Singles entering the chart were Honey by Mariah Carey (#48); Mr. President by Coco Jamboo (#54); Turn My Head by Live (#62); Breathe by Prodigy (#87); Lunatic Fringe by Tom Cochrane (#89); For You I Will by Monica (#91); and I Say a Little Prayer (For You) by Diana King (#94). For You I Will was from the movie Space Jam (1996). I Say a Little Prayer (For You) was from the movie My Best Friend's Wedding (1997).

Academia
Virginia Military Institute admitted a female student for the first time in its 158-year history.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Michael Deaver, 69
. U.S. political adviser. Mr. Deaver was White House Deputy Chief of Staff under President Ronald Reagan from 1981-1985. He was convicted of perjury in 1987 for testimony that he had submitted to Congress regarding his lobbying activities, and was sentenced to probation, a fine, and public service. Mr. Deaver died of pancreatic cancer.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (3-4-1) 32 @ Saskatchewan (6-2) 39

The Roughriders trailed the Eskimos 32-24 late in the 3rd quarter before 28,800 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina, but Luca Congi kicked a field goal late in the 3rd quarter and a field goal and a single in the 4th quarter before quarterback Kerry Joseph rushed 2 yards for a touchdown and Wes Cates rushed 4 yards for a 2-point convert with 5:06 remaining in the 4th quarter to give the Roughriders the win. Mr. Joseph passed for 343 yards and 2 touchdowns to D.J. Flick, and handed off to Chris Szarka for another TD. Edmonton quarterback Ricky Ray completed 25 of 35 passes for 361 yards and a touchdown to T.J. Acree, while backup quarterback Steven Jyles rushed for 2 short touchdowns and Jason Goss returned an interception 46 yards in the 3rd quarter for the other Edmonton TD.

Thursday, 17 August 2017

August 17, 2017

300 years ago
1717


War
The month-long Siege of Belgrade ended with Prince Eugene of Savoy's Austrian troops capturing the city from the Ottoman Empire.

150 years ago
1867


Defense
U.S. Army General Philip Sheridan was relieved of his command at New Orleans after being appointed to head the Department of the Missouri in order to pacify the Plains. Gen. Joseph Mower was left in command at New Orleans.

100 years ago
1917


Died on this date
Harry Brown, 19. Canadian soldier. Private Brown of the 10th Battalion Québec Regiment, Canadian Expeditionary Force, died of wounds near Hill 70, near Loos, France. After his company was surrounded and the signal lines cut, Pvt. Brown delivered a message across no-man's land while severely wounded. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross on October 17, 1917.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
John Oliver, 71
. U.K.-born Canadian politician. Mr. Oliver, a native of England and a Liberal, was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia in 1900, and was Minister of Agriculture and Railways in the cabinet of Premier H.C. Brewster. When Mr. Brewster died in 1918, Mr. Oliver succeeded him, and served as Premier of British Columbia until his death, 17 days after his 71st birthday. Mr. Oliver was succeeded as Premier by John MacLean.

Aviation
The Dole Air Derby from Oakland to Honolulu concluded with only two of the eight planes that had started the race landing in Hawaii. The others crashed or disappeared, with the loss of a total of 10 lives. Arthur Goebel in his modified Travel Air 5000 plane Woolaroc, with William V. Davis as navigator, won the race in a time of 26 hours 17 minutes to win the $25,000 first prize. The Breese-Wilde 5 Monoplane Aloha, piloted by Martin Jensen, with Paul Schluter as navigator, arrived after 28 hours 16 minutes, to win the second prize money of $10,000. Mr. Jensen gave Mr. Schluter only $25 for his efforts.

80 years ago
1937


Law
The Alberta Bank Employees Civil Rights Act was disallowed by the Supreme Court of Canada. The act was passed by the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, dominated by the majority Social Credit government of Premier William Aberhart.

75 years ago
1942


War
U.S. Marines raided the Japanese-held Pacific island of Makin.

70 years ago
1947


Indianica
The Radcliffe Line--the border between the Dominions of India and Pakistan--was revealed.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A White Sport Coat (And a Pink Carnation)--Marty Robbins

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Banana Boat Song--Harry Belafonte (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tammy--Debbie Reynolds
2 I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter--Billy Williams
3 (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear--Elvis Presley
4 Bye Bye Love--The Everly Brothers
5 It's Not for Me to Say--Johnny Mathis
6 White Silver Sands--Don Rondo
7 Love Letters in the Sand--Pat Boone
8 Send for Me--Nat "King" Cole
9 Whispering Bells--The Dell-Vikings
10 Diana--Paul Anka

Singles entering the chart were Marching Along to the Blues (#45)/Dancin' (#52) by Perry Como; Lotta Lovin' by Gene Vincent and the Blue Caps (#51); and Soft Sand by the Chordettes (#60).

Football
WIFU
Saskatchewan (0-1) 20 @ British Columbia (1-0) 44

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Black Velvet Band--Johnny Kelly (4th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-1) 17 @ Montreal (0-2) 16

With Montreal leading 15-10 in the 3rd quarter, Hamilton quarterback Joe Zuger completed a pass to Garney Henley for a 92-yard gain from the Hamilton 17-yard-line to the Montreal 1, and then handed off to Dick Cohee for the go-ahead touchdown as the Tiger-Cats edged the Alouettes at Molson Stadium. Montreal kicker Ron Parson missed 2 short field goal attempts in the 4th quarter--hitting the goal post on one, and being wide on the other--enabling the Tiger-Cats to escape with a victory. Tommy-Joe Coffey scored the other Hamilton touchdown and added 2 converts and a field goal. Gerry Sternberg and Don Lisbon scored the Montreal touchdowns, both converted by Mr. Parson. It was the last game in a Hamilton uniform for rookie defensive back Mike Law, and the last game in the 14-year Hall of Fame career of Hamilton offensive end Hal Patterson, who suffered a kidney injury when hit by Montreal linebacker Al Ecuyer.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Feel Love--Donna Summer (5th week at #1)

Exploration
The U.S.S.R. icebreaker Arktika became the first surface ship to reach the North Pole.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (3-3) 27 @ Toronto (2-4) 26
British Columbia (4-2) 25 @ Winnipeg (2-3) 17

Ron Lancaster threw a touchdown pass to Steve Mazurak with 1:04 remaining in the game, and Bob Macoritti's convert gave the Roughriders their win over the Argonauts before 49,714 fans at Exhibition Stadium. Toronto led 25-13 in the 3rd quarter.

Leon Bright returned a kickoff 100 yards for a touchdown and caught a 65-yard TD pass from Jerry Tagge to lead the Lions over the Blue Bombers before a capacity crowd of 25,210 at Winnipeg Stadium. Winnipeg kicker Bernie Ruoff made a 95-yard kickoff, the longest of the season in the Canadian Football League.

Baseball
Gary Carter batted 3 for 3 with 2 home runs, a base on balls, 4 runs, and 3 runs batted to lead the Montreal Expos to a 13-0 rout of the Philadelphia Phillies before 22,398 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal in the Wednesday night Expos Baseball telecast on CBC. Tony Perez also hit a home run, while starting pitcher Stan Bahnsen allowed 6 hits in 7 innings and drove in 2 runs with a sacrifice bunt and a single, and relief pitcher Santo Alcala pitched 2 hitless innings and singled home the game's final run. Mr. Alcala's single was his second as an Expo and the 8th and last of his 2-year major league career. Steve Carlton allowed 5 hits and 6 runs--2 earned--in 4 innings to take the loss, dropping to 17-7 for the season.

Willie Montanez singled to lead off the bottom of the 6th inning, came around to score, and hit a home run later in the inning as the Atlanta Braves scored 8 runs to come back from a 6-0 deficit and defeated the Houston Astros 9-6 before 3,287 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Mr. Montanez's home run immediately followed a 2-run homer by Jeff Burroughs.

Bob Forsch pitched a 2-hitter to improve his 1977 record to 15-5 as the St. Louis Cardinals shut out the New York Mets 2-0 before 16,727 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Losing pitcher Jerry Koosman allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings to drop to 8-15 for the season, with 2 singles and 2 bases on balls leading to the St. Louis runs in the 6th inning.

The New York Yankees scored 6 runs in the first 3 innings and held on to defeat the Detroit Tigers 7-5 before 26,718 fans at Tiger Stadium. The Tigers scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning and had runners on first and third bases with 2 out, but Sparky Lyle struck out Ben Oglivie to end the game.

Jim Sundberg singled home Tom Grieve with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Texas Rangers a 6-5 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 12,913 fans at Arlington Stadium. The Rangers tied the game with 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th.

The Calgary Cardinals defeated the Billings Mustangs 12-9 in a Pioneer League game at Foothills Park in Calgary.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Loco-Motion--Kylie Minogue (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Clarence Brown, 97
. U.S. film director. Mr. Brown directed 53 movies, including seveal that starred Greta Garbo. His films included The Eagle (1925); Flesh and the Devil (1927); A Woman of Affairs (1928); Romance (1930); Anna Christie (1930); A Free Soul (1931); Anna Karenina (1935); The Rains Came (1939); The Human Comedy (1943); The White Cliffs of Dover (1944); National Velvet (1944); The Yearling (1946); Intruder in the Dust (1949); and Angels in the Outfield (1951). Mr. Brown was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director five times, but never won.

Rudolf Hess, 93. German Nazi politician. Mr. Hess was Adolf Hitler's deputy in the Nazi regime in the 1930s and early 1940s. He was captured in Scotland in 1941 after flying solo on an apparent attempt at a peace mission. Tried at Nuremberg after World War II, he was sentenced to life in Spandau Prison in Berlin. The Soviets always refused permission for Mr. Hess to be released, and he was the prison's only inmate for the last 30 years of his life, which ended when he reportedly committed suicide.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): L.S.I.--Shamen

Died on this date
Michael Ralph, 32
. Canadian soldier. A member of 22 Field Squadron, Sergeant Ralph was killed by a land mine during operations in Croatia and became the first soldier with the United Nations Protection Force to be killed in Operation Harmony, the Canadian participation in Bosnia and Croatia.

Politics and government
The Republican National Convention opened at the Astrodome in Houston. Pat Buchanan, who had opposed President George Bush for renomination as the party’s 1992 candidate for President of the United States, endorsed Mr. Bush in a fiery speech. Former President Ronald Reagan then delivered an excellent speech in what turned out to be his last major public appearance.





Former Hull, Quebec Mayor Marcel Beaudry was appointed Chairman of Canada's National Capital Commission, replacing Jean Pigott.

Religion
Stan McKay, a Cree from Manitoba, was elected the first aboriginal Moderator of the United Church of Canada.

Scandal
U.S. Actor-director Woody Allen admitted being romantically involved with Soon-Yi Previn, the adopted daughter of his longtime companion, actress Mia Farrow.

Baseball
Kevin Gross pitched a no-hitter as the Los Angeles Dodgers blanked the San Francisco Giants 2-0 before 25,561 fans at Dodger Stadium.

Mark Lemke doubled home David Justice with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 4-4 tie and give the Atlanta Braves a 5-4 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 38,062 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

Frank Thomas drove in 2 runs with a sacrifice fly and a single to help the Chicago White Sox edge the New York Yankees 4-3 before 38,553 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Mike Macfarlane batted 3 for 4 with a home run, 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in to help the Kansas City Royals defeat the Detroit Tigers 6-5 before 28,927 fans at Royals Stadium. Mr. Macfarlane's 2-run homer was the key hit of a 4-run 6th inning.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Men in Black--Will Smith (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (5th week at #1)

Music
Canadian-born country singer Hank Snow was honoured as the old Canadian National train station in Liverpool, Nova Scotia reopened as the Hank Snow Country Music Centre. Mr. Snow, 83, was too ill to attend, but donated two vintage cars and one of his rhinestone suits to the centre.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Bill Deedes, 94
. U.K. journalist and politician. Mr. Deedes, a Conservative, represented Ashford in the House of Commons from 1950-1974, and was Minister Without Portfolio from 1962-1964. He joined the London Morning Post as a reporter in 1931, then with the Daily Telegraph after the latter paper acquired the former in 1937. Mr. Deedes edited the Daily Telegraph from 1974-1986, and continued his career as a journalist after being made a life peer; he was still writing a column at the time of his death.

Eddie Griffin, 25. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Griffin was a forward and center with the Houston Rockets (2001-03) and Minnesota Timberwolves (2004-07), scoring 2,171 points (7.2 per game), with 1,744 rebounds (5.8 per game) , 236 assists (0.8 per game), and 518 blocks (1.7 per game) in 303 games. He had a long history of heavy drinking, and sat out the entire 2003-04 season when he entered an alcohol rehabilitation centre after signing with the New Jersey Nets. Mr. Griffin signed with Minnesota for 2004-05, but the drinking continued, and he was released by the Timberwolves in March 2007. He was trying to get in shape in order to play in Europe when he drove drunk and was killed when he crashed his car into a moving train at 1:30 A.M. after ignoring a warning signal.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (5-2-1) 45 @ Calgary (3-4-1) 45

Calgary quarterback Henry Burris rushed for 2 touchdowns and passed for 4 others as the Stampeders tied the Lions before 30,826 fans at McMahon Stadium.

Wednesday, 16 August 2017

August 16, 2017

240 years ago
1777


War
Amnerican forces commanded by Brigadier General John Stark and local militia forces defeated British forces led by General John Burgoyne at the Battle of Bennington, Vermont. Gen. Burgoyne had sent a detachment to Bennington to forage for much needed supplies; the Americans killed or captured nearly 1,000 of Burgoyne's 7,000-man invading army, further slowing British invasion plans.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Hal Foster
. Canadian-born U.S. artist and writer. Mr. Foster, a native of Halifax, created the Prince Valiant comic strip in 1937. He died on July 25, 1982, 22 days befoere his 90th birthday.

Otto Messmer. U.S. animator. Mr. Messmer has been credited with creating Felix the Cat, the first cartoon character created and developed for the screen. Mr. Messmer worked on the movie cartoons and also oversaw the Felix the Cat comic strip. Mr. Messmer died on October 28, 1983 at the age of 91.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
Mildred Doran, 22 (?)
. U.S. aviatrix. Miss Doran and her Buhl Airsedan biplane Miss Doran disappeared during the Dole Air Race from Oakland to Honolulu. Also lost were pilot John "Auggy" Pedlar and navigator Vilas Knope.

Aviation
The Dole Air Derby from Oakland to Honolulu began. During the race, which concluded the next day, six out of the eight participating planes crashed or disappeared.

75 years ago
1942


War
The two-man crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappeared without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean. The blimp drifted without her crew and crash-landed in Daly City, California.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)--Tex Williams and his Western Caravan (2nd week at #1)

Aviation
The de Havilland DHC-2 Beaver bush plane made its first flight at Downsview, Ontario. With its high-lift wing and flap configuration, the all-metal Beaver had very good short take-off-and-landing capability even with heavy loads; the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force late bought 980 of them for use in Korea, where it was known as The General's Jeep. A total of 1,600 were made, a record number for an aircraft designed and built in Canada.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (20th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Irving Langmuir, 76
. U.S. chemist and physicist. Dr. Langmuir was awarded the 1932 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his discoveries and investigations in surface chemistry." He invented the gas-filled incandescent lamp and the hydrogen welding technique, and popularized the "concentric theory of atomic structure."

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
3 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
4 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension
5 Theme for a New Love--Davy Jones
6 Waterloo Sunset--The Kinks
7 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
8 In the Chapel in the Moonlight--Dean Martin
9 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
10 I Take it Back--Sandy Posey

The only single entering the chart was Mr. Pleasant by the Kinks (#35). The album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by the Beatles charted at #40.

Society
The Dominion Bureau of Statistics reported that Canada's birth rate in 1966 was 19.4 per 1,000 people, the lowest in history. British Columbia had the lowest rate at 17.3, with the Northwest Territories the highest at 40.3. The 1965 rate was 21.4 per 1,000, with the previous low being 20.1 per 1,000 in 1937.

Protest
200-300 Negro teenagers rioted in Syracuse, New York after a report that police had beaten a Negro man near the campus of Syracuse University.

Several Negroes went on a looting rampage in Houston after Leon Perry, Jr., 27, a Negro, was shot and wounded by a liquor store owner while trying to rob the store.

Eight white men were arrested when they charged into a crowd of civil rights demonstrators in Sastuma, Louisiana who were marching from Bogalusa to Baton Rouge, where they intended to present a list of grievances to Louisiana Governor John McKeithen. Those arrested were among about 75 white men who charged into the marchers. A reinforced police guard repelled the attacks.

Disasters
Helicopters and river boats moved 10,000 residents to safety as flood waters nine feet deep struck Anchorage, Alaska.

Boxing
Carlos Ortiz (51-5-1) retained his world lightweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Ismael Laguna (47-5-1) at Shea Stadium in New York.



Football
CFL
The British Columbia Lions fired head coach Dave Skrien, who had led them to the Grey Cup championship in 1964. The Lions had failed to make the playoffs since, and had lost their first three games in 1967. Mr. Skrien joined the club in 1959 as an assistant to Wayne Robinson and replaced Mr. Robinson midway through the 1961 season. The Lions botched Mr. Skrien's dismissal, as the news leaked out before the Lions' game against the Toronto Argonauts on August 16; Mr. Skrien refused to resign on game day, and club directors thought it would be wrong for Mr. Skrien to coach the team for that game. Jim Champion, an assistant coach under Mr. Skrien from 1962-1964 before returning to college football in the United States, was hired as the team's new head coach. Mr. Champion wasn't yet ready to assume his new duties, so the assistant coaches, led by Ron Morris, took over for that night's game.

Ottawa (2-0) 40 @ Winnipeg (2-1) 7
Toronto (2-0) 18 @ British Columbia (0-4) 17

Ted Collins returned a fumble 18 yards for a touchdown to open the scoring, and quarterback Russ Jackson produced offensive touchdowns by Rick Black, Bo Scott, Whit Tucker, and Jay Roberts as the Rough Riders routed the Blue Bombers before 20,101 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Ken Nielsen scored the Winnipeg touchdown in the 4th quarter.

The Argonauts trailed the Lions 17-8 in the 4th quarter, but John Vilunas kicked a field goal to make it 17-11, and with less than 3 minutes remaining and the Argonauts with the ball at the B.C. 53-yard line, Toronto quarterback Wally Gabler passed 50 yards to Bobby Taylor at the B.C. 3 and then rushed for the touchdown to tie the score. John Vilunas missed the convert attempt, but a B.C. player was offside, and Mr. Vilunas was successful on his second attempt. Larry Ferguson scored a touchdown in the 1st quarter to give the Argonauts an early lead, but the Lions struck back on a 55-yard TD pass from Bernie Faloney to Jim Young late in the 1st quarter, a 20-yard field goal by Ted Gerela on the last play of the 1st half, and a touchdown pass from Mr. Faloney to Leroy Sledge in the 3rd quarter, converted by Mr. Gerela to give B.C. a 17-8 lead. It was the last game in the 7-year Hall of Fame career of B.C.'s Tom Brown, who had moved to defensive end in 1967 after spending most of his career as a middle guard and linebacker. A neck injury suffered in 1965 forced him into retirement.

40 years ago
1977


Died on this date
Elvis Presley, 42
. U.S. musician. Mr. Presley, the "King of Rock and Roll," who had 18 singles that reached the #1 position on the Billboard pop charts--15 from 1956-1960--died of a heart attack (see also here) while having a bowel movement at his Graceland mansion in Memphis. His achievements are too numerous to mention here.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-4) 17 @ Ottawa (2-3) 31
Calgary (1-4) 16 @ Edmonton (4-1) 32

Richard Holmes, playing his first game in an Ottawa uniform since being acquired from the Toronto Argonauts, rushed 20 times for 136 yards and 3 touchdowns--one of them covering 72 yards--to lead the Rough Riders over the Tiger-Cats before 23,494 fans at Lansdowne Park.

The Eskimos entertained the 25,761 fans at Clarke Stadium with trick plays in defeating the Stampeders. Tom Wilkinson completed 20 of 27 passes, including touchdowns to Don Warrington and Larry Highbaugh. Angelo Santucci scored an Edmonton touchdown in the 2nd quarter when Dave Cutler was short on a 51-yard field goal attempt, and Calgary returner Scott Crawford allowed the ball to bounce off him and watched Mr. Santucci pick up the ball at the 5-yard line and go into the end zone. It was the third and final CFL game for Mr. Crawford. The trick plays included a fake punt with a pass from punter Gerald Kunyk to Mr. Santucci for a first down, and a direct snap between Mr. Wilkinson's legs to running back Jim Germany on a third down short-yardage gamble that worked for another first down. Calgary defensive back Andre Johnson, playing his first game in a Calgary uniform after one game with the Toronto Argonauts, returned 4 punts for 40 yards and 2 kickoffs for 42 yards before suffering a season-ending knee injury in the 4th quarter. John Hufnagel passed to Brian Gervais for the first Calgary touchdown in the 1st quarter, and Matthew Reed passed to Larry Leathem for the other Calgary TD on the last play of the game.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Respectable--Mel and Kim (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Joe le taxi--Vanessa Paradis (3rd week at #1)

World events
The Harmonic Convergence, the world's first globally synchronized meditation event, took place at approximately 200 sites throughout the United States and about 50 more around the world. The event was organized by José Argüelles, founder of the Whole Earth Festival and one of the originators of Earth Day. It was believed that spiritual energy was particularly strong at "power centres" such as Mount Shasta in California and Mount Fuji in Japan, and that if 144,000 people gathered at these power centres and meditated for peace, it would speed the arrival of the New Age. The timing of the Harmonic Convergence was allegedly based on the Mayan calendar, and marked an alignment of the sun, moon, and six of the eight other planets. It also coincided with the 10th anniversary of the death of Elvis Presley, and when the King of Rock and Roll failed to put in an appearance and nothing dramatic happened, the Harmonic Convergence was widely ridiculed (see, for example, Moronic Convergence: The moral and spiritual emptiness of New Age by Richard Blow, The New Republic, Vol. 198 No. 4, January 25, 1988, pp. 24-27). However, when the INF Treaty--which abolished an entire category of nuclear weapons--came into effect in 1988, and the Berlin Wall fell and the Soviet Union began to fall apart toward the end of 1989, some New Age proponents claimed that the Harmonic Convergence had brought about a more peaceful world. This spiritual power seems to have largely dissipated since September 11, 2001.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the merchandise trade deficit had risen to $15.71 billion in June.

Disasters
Northwest Airlines Flight 255, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 jet that had just taken off from Detroit Metropolitan Airport, crashed in Romulus, Michigan, killing at least 155 people in the second-highest death toll for a U.S. plane crash. The number of people on the plane was uncertain, and two were killed on the ground. There was one survivor—4-year-old Cecilia Cichan of Tempe, Arizona, whose parents and brother were killed. The cause of the crash was not immediately determined.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-5) 33 @ Saskatchewan (2-4-1) 36

Tom Burgess completed touchdown passes to Ray Elgaard and Tron Armstrong and handed off to David Conrad for another touchdown, and Dave Ridgway added 5 field goals and 3 converts as the Roughriders held off a 17-point rally by the Rough Riders in the 4th quarter before 24,346 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Tim McCray led the Saskatchewan ground game with 19 carries for 122 yards. Todd Dillon started at quarterback for Ottawa and completed a touchdown pass to Gerald Alphin in the 2nd quarter. Former Dallas Cowboys’ backup quarterback Reggie Collier, playing his first CFL game, relieved Mr. Dillon in the 4th quarter with Saskatchewan ahead 33-17, and threw an interception before producing 2 touchdowns. He threw a 7-yard touchdown pass to James Hood and Mr. Dillon completed a pass to Larry Mohr for a 2-point convert, reducing the Roughriders’ led to 33-25 with 1:41 remaining in regulation time. Mr. Ridgway’s 38-yard field goal with 33 seconds left made the score 36-25, and Mr. Collie finished the game with a 22-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Hood and a 2-point convert pass to Jim Reid on the final play. Marc Lewis led Ottawa receivers with 112 yards on 9 receptions, while Mr. Hood caught 6 for 92.

Baseball
The New York Mets set a club record for runs in a game as they beat the Chicago Cubs 23-10 before 32,731 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Darryl Strawberry led the Mets with 2 doubles, a home run, and 5 runs. Ron Darling was the winning pitcher over Greg Maddux.

Tim Raines batted 5 for 5 and hit for the cycle to lead the Montreal Expos to a 10-7 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 26,134 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 10th inning, pinch hitter Chili Davis singled and scored on a double by Eddie Milner to give the San Francisco Giants a 1-0 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 52,374 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mike LaCoss pitched a 3-hit complete game shutout. Bob Welch started on the mound for Los Angeles and allowed 4 hits in 8 inning before being relieved by Tim Leary, who took the loss.

Ron Robinson and John Franco combined on a 3-hit shutout and Nick Esasky hit 2 solo home runs as the Cincinnati Reds blanked the San Diego Padres 2-0 before 18,884 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

Rich Yett and Doug Jones combined for a 4-hit shutout as the Cleveland Indians edged the New York Yankees 1-0 before 38,807 fans at Yankee Stadium. Pat Tabler scored the only run in the top of the 8th inning when he reached first base on a force play, stole second, and scored on a 2-out double by Cory Snyder. The run off losing pitcher Ron Guidry was unearned, because Brook Jaboy had led off the inning by reaching first base on an error by New York shortstop Bobby Meacham.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'll Be There--Mariah Carey featuring Trey Lorenz (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): ABBA-esque--Erasure (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (8th week at #1)

Politics and government
In Lorretteville, Québec, the Wendake Huron nation elected Jocelyne Gros-Louis (Lahontiach) as Grand Chief over Max Gros-Louis, head of the Nation for 26 years; Ms. Gros-Louis became the first woman to serve as a First Nation leader in Canada.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Oh la la la--2 Eivissa

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Alane--Wes (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Men in Black--Will Smith

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (10th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
The Stanley Cup went on display in Moscow, only the second time the Cup had left North America.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-7) 26 @ Montreal (5-3) 36

10 years aago
2007


Terrorism

Jose Padilla, a U.S. citizen held for 3-1/2 years as an enemy combatant, was convicted in Miami of helping Islamic extremists and plotting overseas attacks. He was later sentenced to 17 years and 4 months in prison.

August 15, 2017

1,300 years ago
717


War
Muslim Arabs of the Umayyad Caliphate commanded by Maslama ibn Abd al-Malik began the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople, which lasted for nearly a year.

500 years ago
1517


Diplomacy
Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade met Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Louis de Broglie
. French physicist. Dr. de Broglie won the 1929 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons." He made major contributions to quantum theory, and died on March 19, 1987 at the age of 94.

110 years ago
1907


Religion
Father Raphael Morgan, the first Negro American Orthodox priest, was ordained in Constantinople as "Priest-Apostolic" to America and the West Indies.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Óscar Romero
. Salvadoran clergyman. Fr. Romero was Roman Catholic Archbishop of San Salvador from 1977 until his assassination at the age of 62 on March 24, 1980 by a gunman while delivering mass at a small chapel in San Salvador. He had been an outspoken critic of human rights violations perpetrated by the Salvadoran government, and the day before his death had called on Salvadoran soldiers to refuse to carry out government repression and human rights violations.

Jack Lynch. Taoiseach of Ireland, 1966-1973, 1977-1979. Mr. Lynch was a hurling and football (soccer) star before entering politics. He was a member of Fianna Fáil, and sat as a Teachta Dála (Member of Parliament) for various Cork ridings from 1948-1981. Mr. Lynch held several cabinet posts before leading Fianna Fáil from 1966-1979; his tenure as Taoiseach was interrupted by electoral defeat in 1973, but he led the Opposition until Fianna Fáil regained power in the 1977 election. Mr. Lynch's grip on power began to slip, and he resigned as Taoiseach and party leader in 1979. He died on October 20, 1999 at the age of 82.

War
The Canadian Corps, led by newly knighted Lieutenant General Sir Arthur Currie, stormed Hill 70 north of Lens in their first major action under a Canadian commander. They held the hill during heavy German counterattacks, and moved into Lens on August 21.

90 years ago
1927


Boxing
World "colored" heavyweight champion George Godfrey (43-11-1) knocked out Jim Maloney (29-5), a white man, just 1:25 into their bout at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Mr. Maloney was revived 10 minutes after being knocked out.

80 years ago
1937


Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King appointed Newton Wesley Rowell as Chairman of the Royal Commission on Dominion-Provincial Relations, to examine the amendment of the British North America Act, and the relationship of the federal and provincial governments in Confederation.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jingle Jangle Jingle--Kay Kyser Orchestra (5th week at #1)

War
In Operation Pedestal, the U.S. Navy tanker SS Ohio reached Malta barely afloat, carrying vital fuel supplies for the island's defenses.

70 years ago
1947


Asiatica
India and Pakistan became independent after 190 years of British rule.

Politics and government
Muhammad Ali Jinnah took office in Karachi as the first Governor-General of Pakistan.

60 years ago
1957


Football
WIFU
Edmonton (1-0) 21 @ Winnipeg (0-1) 14

Johnny Bright rushed for 108 yards and 2 touchdowns and Jackie Parker added another TD for the Eskimos at Winnipeg Stadium as they ruined the regular season debut for Bud Grant as head coach of the Blue Bombers. Normie Kwong added 107 yards on the ground for Edmonton. Players making their regular season debuts included Winnipeg quarterback Kenny Ploen and end Ernie Pitts. Mr. Ploen and Gord Rowland scored the Winnipeg touchdowns.

50 years ago
1967


Died on this date
René Magritte, 68
. Belgian artist. Mr. Magritte was a surrealist painter whose work is known for challenging observers' preconditioned perceptions of reality. He died of pancreatic cancer.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-1) 10 @ Calgary (2-1) 36

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Go to Rio--Peter Allen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Nagisa no Sindbad--Pink Lady (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Speak Up Mambo (Cuéntame)--The Manhattan Transfer

Space
The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by Ohio State University as part of the Search for Extraterrestriel Intelligence (SETI) project, received a radio signal from deep space; the event was named the "Wow! signal" from the notation made by a volunteer on the project.

Canadiana
The Acadian Historical Village (Village historique acadien) opened on the Rivière-du-Nord near Caraquet, New Brunswick.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Who's That Girl--Madonna (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Voyage, voyage--Desireless (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Who's That Girl--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Who's That Girl--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson featuring Siedah Garrett

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): La Bamba--Los Lobos (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson featuring Siedah Garrett

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2 (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2 (2nd week at #1)
2 I Want Your Sex--George Michael
3 Who's That Girl--Madonna
4 Luka--Suzanne Vega
5 Heart and Soul--T'Pau
6 Shakedown--Bob Seger
7 La Bamba--Los Lobos
8 Cross My Broken Heart--The Jets
9 Rhythm is Gonna Get You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
10 Don't Mean Nothing--Richard Marx

Singles entering the chart were Paper in Fire by John Cougar Mellencamp (#59); Who Will You Run To by Heart (#63); Casanova by Levert (#81); Let Me Be the One by Expose (#85); Don't Look Down--The Sequel by Go West (#87); Oh Yeah by Yello (#88); and One Lover at a Time by Atlantic Starr (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Funkytown--Pseudo Echo
2 Alone--Heart
3 Heart and Soul--T'Pau
4 Shakedown--Bob Seger
5 Who's That Girl--Madonna
6 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
7 I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2
8 Always--Atlantic Starr
9 I Want Your Sex--George Michael
10 Head to Toe--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam

Singles entering the chart were Didn't We Almost Have it All by Whitney Houston (#73); Touch of Grey by the Grateful Dead (#90); Be There by the Pointer Sisters (#92); Love and Satisfaction by New Regime (#94); Paper in Fire by John Cougar Mellencamp (#95); and Running in the Family by Level 42 (#97).

Died on this date
Martha Blackburn, 47
. Canadian media magnate. Ms. Blackburn was chairman of the board of directors of The Blackburn Group, which published the London Free Press and owned CFPL radio and television stations in London. Ms. Blackburn took over the company upon her father Walter's death in 1983. She died of a heart attack after water skiing at her family's cottage on an island in Georgian Bay, Ontario.

Married on this date
Happy anniversary, Janet & Tim Sproule!

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Amigos Para Siempre--Jose Carreras and Sarah Brightman

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kiss of Tears--Southern All Stars (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sensacion de Vivir--Xuxa (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Knockin' on Heaven's Door--Guns N' Roses (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Le Chat--Pow woW (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): End of the Road--Boyz II Men

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna
2 Baby Got Back--Sir Mix-a-Lot
3 End of the Road--Boyz II Men
4 November Rain--Guns N' Roses
5 Baby-Baby-Baby--TLC
6 Giving Him Something He Can Feel--En Vogue
7 Just Another Day--Jon Secada
8 Achy Breaky Heart--Billy Ray Cyrus
9 Life is a Highway--Tom Cochrane
10 Too Funky--George Michael

Singles entering the chart were Lithium by Nirvana (#58); Symphony of Destruction by Megadeth (#60); Where Does That Leave Love by George LaMond (#64); Nobody Wins in This War by Mitch Malloy (#77); Galileo by Indigo Girls (#81); Give it Up by Wilson Phillips (#83); Jump! by Movement (#90); Mother Tone by Truce (#92); and Full Term Love by Monie Love (#96).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna
2 The One--Elton John
3 I'll Be There--Mariah Carey
4 Just Another Day--Jon Secada
5 Take this Heart--Richard Marx
6 Friday I'm in Love--The Cure
7 Even Better than the Real Thing--U2
8 Too Funky--George Michael
9 Lost Together--Blue Rodeo
10 Just for Tonight--Vanessa Williams

Singles entering the chart were You Don't Have to Remind Me by Sass Jordan (#73); Am I the Same Girl by Swing Out Sister (#79); Is it Really Love by Dan Hill (#81); Leap of Faith by Bruce Springsteen (#82); It's No Secret by Stan Meissner (#89); Rock You Gently by Jennifer Warnes (#91); A Penny More by Skydiggers (#95); Come to Me by Bonnie Raitt (#96); Lithium by Nirvana (#97); and Tears to Tell by Howard Jones (#98). Am I the Same Girl was a vocal version of a song originally released as an instrumental under the title Soulful Strut, a hit for Young-Holt Unlimited in late 1968-early 1969.

War
The United Nations awarded 226 Canadian peacekeepers with UN service medals for work in Yugoslavia.

Politics and government
A congress of the youth wing of the Québec Liberal Party, meeting in Sherbrooke, refused to recognize any understanding based on the Charlottetown Accord of July 7, 1992, and again demanded another referendum on Québec sovereignty.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (6th week at #1)

Football
CFL
British Columbia (5-3) 39 @ Saskatchewan (4-4) 26

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Sam Pollock, 81
. Canadian hockey and baseball executive. Mr. Pollock was general manager of the Montreal Canadiens from 1964-78, leading them to nine Stanley Cup championships in that span, including his last three seasons. He was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Toronto Blue Jays from 1995-2000. Mr. Pollock was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1978 and the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in 1990.

Disasters
An 8.0-magnitude earthquake off the Pacific coast devastated Ica and various regions of Peru, killing 514 and injuring 1,090.