Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Mary Ann Murphy and Maria Mercedes Forero Hernandez!
125 years ago
The English club Newcastle United was founded.
110 years ago
Christmas seals went on sale for the first time, at the Wilmington, Delaware post office. The proceeds went to fight tuberculosis.
100 years ago
Born on this date
James Rainwater. U.S. physicist. Dr. Rainwater shared the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physics with Aage Bohr and Ben Mottelson "for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection." Dr. Rainwater died on May 31, 1986 at the age of 68.
James Jesus Angleton. U.S. spymaster. Mr. Angleton was chief of counterintelligence for the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency from 1954-1974, and was, according to CIA Director Richard Helms, "the dominant counterintelligence figure in the non-Communist world." Mr. Angleton eventually became convinced that a mole had invaded the agency, and engaged in an intensive search. He died on May 11, 1987 at the age of 69.
Hussein al-Husayni, the Ottoman Mayor of Jerusalem, surrendered to British troops commanded by General Edmund Allenby, ending 400 years of Ottoman Empire rule of the city.
80 years ago
Died on this date
Gustaf Dalén, 68. Swedish physicist and engineer. Dr. Dalén was awarded the 1912 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his invention of automatic valves designed to be used in combination with gas accumulators in lighthouses and buoys," but was unable to travel to Stockholm to accept the prize, as he was recovering from an acetylene explosion that permanently blinded him. He was an engineer with AGA (Gas Accumulator Company), and invented the AGA cooker and the Dalén light, and received over 100 patents. Dr. Dalén died nine days after his 68th birthday.
Japanese troops under the command of Lieutenant General Asaka Yasuhiko launched an assault on the Chinese city of Nanking (now Nanjing).
75 years ago
French West African Governor General Pierre Boisson pledged the support of the colony to the Allied cause against Germany.
U.S. Senator Frederick Van Nuys accused U.S. Censorship Director Byron Price of illegally censoring mail between the United States and its territories.
The U.S. Justice Department charged in Trenton, New Jersey that 10 companies were guilty of monopolistic practices n the fluorescent lighting industry.
70 years ago
The United Nations Security Council passed a resolution to internationalize Jerusalem.
U.S. President Harry Truman received Herman Eriksson, Sweden's first Ambassador to the United States.
Politics and government
The U.S. State Department announced that it reserved the right to dismiss employees as "bad security risks" even if they had been cleared by the Loyalty Review Board.
Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives unanimously voted $2 million to Navajo and Hopi Indians.
The French General Confederation of Labour called off a month-long strike wave which cost the country an estimated $500 million in lost production and 42 deaths from sabotage and disorders.
The U.S.S.R. broke off negotiations for emergency shipment of grain to France.
60 years ago
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Send Me/Summertime, Part 1--Sam Cooke (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); You Send Me--Sam Cooke (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley (Top 100--6th week at #1)
Died on this date
Caswell Adams, 50. U.S. sportswriter. Mr. Adams was credited with coining the term "Ivy League."
75 people, including 12 policeman, were injured, and 150 arrested in clashes between Greek Cypriots and British security forces throughout the island.
The U.S. State Department reported that Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Broz Tito had asked the United States to end its military aid program for Yugoslavia.
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that wiretapping by New York state law enforcement officials was a violation of the Federal Communications Commission Act of 1934 regardless of its authorization by the state's constitution and statutes.
Economics and finance
Indonesian Prime Minister Djuand announced that his government had seized control of all Dutch plantations in Indonesia.
The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations voted to expel the Bakery and Confectionery Workers International Union for failing to purge corrupt leaders.
50 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck (8th week at #1)
#1 single in France: Dans une Heure--Sheila
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Mama--Dalida
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): De Bostella--Johnny Kraaykamp & Rijk de Gooyer (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Whiskey on a Sunday--Danny Doyle (7th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Daydream Believer--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Daydream Believer--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)
2 The Rain, the Park and Other Things--The Cowsills
3 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Gladys Knight & the Pips
4 Incense and Peppermints--Strawberry Alarm Clock
5 I Say a Little Prayer--Dionne Warwick
6 An Open Letter to My Teenage Son--Victor Lundberg
7 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
8 I Second that Emotion--Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
9 You Better Sit Down Kids--Cher
10 Keep the Ball Rollin'--Jay and the Techniques
Singles entering the chart were Chain of Fools by Aretha Franklin (#42); It's Wonderful by the Young Rascals (#55); Snoopy's Christmas by the Royal Guardsmen (#56); Susan by the Buckinghams (#57); I Can't Stand Myself (When You Touch Me) by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#63); Watch Her Ride by Jefferson Airplane (#67); Dancing Bear by the Mamas and the Papas (#70); Best of Both Worlds by Lulu (#72); Everybody Knows by the Dave Clark Five (#78); In Another Land by Bill Wyman (#83); Insanity Comes Quietly to the Structured Mind by Janis Ian (#88); Green Tambourine by the Lemon Pipers (#89); Dancin' Out of My Heart by Ronnie Dove (#90); A Voice in the Choir by Al Martino (#94); This Thing Called Love by the Webs (#95); Break My Mind by Bobby Wood (#96); A Love that's Real by the Intruders (#97); Something's Missing by the Five Stairsteps and Cubie (#98); Spooky by the Classics IV (#99); and A Little Rain Must Fall by Epic Splendor (#100).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Lazy Day--Spanky and Our Gang
2 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
3 Please Love Me Forever--Bobby Vinton
4 I Say a Little Prayer--Dionne Warwick
5 The Rain, the Park and Other Things--The Cowsills
6 Next Plane to London--The Rose Garden
7 Soul Man--Sam & Dave
8 Stag-O-Lee--Wilson Pickett
9 Pata Pata--Miriam Makeba
10 Paper Cup--The 5th Dimension
Singles entering the chart were Behind Every Man by the Checkerlads (#73); High and Mighty by Keepsake (#81); Susan by the Buckinghams (#90); Who Will Answer? by Ed Ames (#92); Love Me Two Times by the Doors (#93); Dancing Bear by the Mamas and the Papas (#95); It's Wonderful by the Young Rascals (#96); Best of Both Worlds by Lulu (#97); Watch Her Ride by Jefferson Airplane (#98); Detroit City by Solomon Burke (#99); and Flower Girl by Bill Marion (#100).
Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Hello Goodbye/I Am the Walrus--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Love of the Common People--Wayne Newton
3 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
4 Everlasting Love--Robert Knight
5 She's My Girl--The Turtles
6 I Second that Emotion--Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
7 (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees
8 Next Plane to London--The Rose Garden
9 Beautiful People--Bobby Vee and the Strangers
10 Wild Honey--The Beach Boys
Singles entering the chart were Snoopy's Christmas by the Royal Guardsmen (#18); Bend Me, Shape Me by the American Breed (#26); Wear Your Love Like Heaven by Donovan (#28); Monterey by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#29); and I Heard it Through the Grapevine by Gladys Knight & the Pips (#30).
Died on this date
Charles Léon Hammes, 69. Luxembourgian judge. Mr. Hammes held various judicial positions, and was President of the European Court of Justice from 1964-1967. He died two months after retiring.
Married on this date
Lynda Bird Johnson, 23; Charles Robb, 28. Miss Johnson, daughter of U.S. President Lyndon Johnson, married U.S. Marine Captain Robb in the first White House marriage of a president's daughter in 53 years.
Otis Redding and his band the Bar-Kays were in Cleveland, where they appeared on the television program Upbeat, and then concluded three shows in two days at Leo's Casino. The performances were their last, as Mr. Redding and four of the five Bar-Kays were killed the following day in a plane crash while on their way to Madison, Wisconsin.
Camellia Bowl @ Sacramento
San Diego State 27 San Francisco State 6
NAIA Bowl @ Morgantown, West Virginia
Fairmont State 28 Eastern Washington State 21
40 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (17th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood--Santa Esmeralda (4th week at #1)
#1 single in France: Don't Play That Song--Adriano Celentano
U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance began six days of visits to six Middle East countries to demonstrate that the United States supported a conference on Middle East peace.
61 Americans-- and an 18-month-old child of one of them--who had been jailed in Mexico returned to the United States, arriving at San Diego Airport in the first phase of a prisoner exchange. The 35 men and 26 women had been jailed in the early 1970s in a Mexican government crackdown on drug trafficking, and were the first of an estimated 300 Americans expected to be released. Earlier in the day, the same chartered DC-9 jet picked up 11 Mexican nationals held as prisoners in Houston and 25 held in San Diego, and flew them to Mexico City. The American group included two women in their 60s arrested for cocaine smuggling. Many of the Americans faced a continuation of their terms in U.S. prisons, although some were to be released.
An Executive jet crashed in Labrador, killing eight, including four executives of Churchill Falls Corporation.
Tulsa 4 @ Dallas 4
Salt Lake City 2 @ Kansas City 6
Fort Worth 6 @ Phoenix 5
Rudy Tomjanovich of the Houston Rockets was punched in the face by Kermit Washington of the Los Angeles Lakers in the most serious brawl in NBA history. Mr. Tomjanovich was nearly killed, needed facial reconstruction, and collected $2 million from the Lakers in a settlement. Mr. Washington was fined $10,000 and suspended for 60 days.
30 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Whenever You Need Somebody--Rick Astley
The Palestinian intifada ("shaking off") began in the Gaza Strip with thousands taking to the streets to protest the deaths of four Palestinians the previous day when their station wagon had been hit by an Israeli truck.
England's cricket tour of Pakistan was interrupted when umpire Shakoor Rana refused to take the field for the second test match when English captain Mike Gatting refused to apologize to him after a heated exchange the previous day.
25 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): House of Love--East 17 (3rd week at #1)
At the movies
A Few Good Men, co-produced and directed by Rob Reiner and starring Tom Cruise, Jack Nicholson, and Demi Moore, received its premiere screening at the Odeon Cinema in Manchester, England.
Died on this date
Vincent Gardenia, 72. U.S. actor. Mr. Gardenia was born in Naples but moved with his family to Brooklyn at an early age. He won the Tony Award for Best Featured Actor for The Prisoner of Second Avenue (1972) and was nominated for Best Actor for the musical Ballroom (1979). Mr. Gardnenia was nominated for Best Supporting Actor for Bang the Drum Slowly (1973) and Moonstruck (1987).
Americans saw live television coverage of U.S. troops landing on the beaches of Somalia as Operation Restore Hope--an effort to prevent local warlords from preventing distribution of humanitarian aid to starving people--began.
British Prime Minister John Major announced the formal separation of Prince Charles and Princess Diana.
10 years ago
Robert Pickton was found guilty of second-degree murder in the deaths of six women who disappeared from Vancouver, British Columbia's Downtown Eastside between 1997-2001: Sereena Abotsway, Marnie Frey, Andrea Joesbury, Georgina Papin, Mona Wilson and Brenda Wolfe. On December 11, the pig farmer was sentenced to life in prison with no chance of parole for 25 years.
Marker Monday: Mother Mathilda Beasley, O.S.F.: Georgia’s First Black Nun - During the month of August, cultural institutions throughout Savannah, including the Georgia Historical Society, are highlighting African-American history ...
19 hours ago