Friday, 29 February 2008

March 4, 2008

175 years ago
1833

Politics

Andrew Jackson was inaugurated into his second term as 7th President of the United Statesof America. Because of cold weather and the president's poor health, the ceremony took place indoors, in the hall of the House of Representatives. Chief Justice John Marshall administered the oath of office for the ninth and final time.

Mr. Jackson's inaugural address included the following comments:
In the domestic policy of this Government there are two objects which especially deserve the attention of the people and their representatives, and which have been and will continue to be the subjects of my increasing solicitude. They are the preservation of the rights of the several States and the integrity of the Union... My experience in public concerns and the observation of a life somewhat advanced confirm the opinions long since imbibed by me, that the destruction of our State governments or the annihilation of their control over the local concerns of the people would lead directly to revolution and anarchy, and finally to despotism and military domination...
I shall continue to exert all my faculties to maintain the just powers of the Constitution and to transmit unimpaired to posterity the blessings of our Federal Union. At the same time, it will be my aim to inculcate by my official acts the necessity of exercising by the General Government those powers only that are clearly delegated; to encourage simplicity and economy in the expenditures of the Government; to raise no more money from the people than may be requisite for these objects, and in a manner that will best promote the interests of all classes of the community and of all portions of the Union.
100 years ago
1908

Disasters

Fire killed 174 at a school in Collinwood, Ohio.

75 years ago
1933

Politics

Franklin Delano Roosevelt was inaugurated as the 32nd President of the United States; it was the last presidential inauguration to take place on March 4. Mr. Roosevelt was sworn in by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes at the east portico of the Capitol.

In his inaugural address, Mr. Roosevelt said: "This great nation will endure as it has endured, will revive and will prosper. So first of all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself--nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror, which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance."

50 years ago
1958

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Magic Moments--Perry Como (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago
1968

Boxing

At Madison Square Garden in New York, Joe Frazier scored a technical knockout over Buster Mathis in the 11th round to become world heavyweight champion, as recognized by the New York State Athletic Commission. On the undercard, Nino Benvenuti won a 15-round decision over Emile Griffith to regain the world middleweight title that he'd lost to Mr. Griffith 11 months earlier.

Space
The United States launched OGO 5, the fifth in NASA's most complicated satellite series. The satellite was supposed to study a wide variety of characteristics of the space surrounding our world. All but one of its two dozen experiments were successful.

30 years ago
1978

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: (Love is) Thicker Than Water--Andy Gibb

Mr. Gibb replaced his brothers, the Bee Gees, at the top of the chart. Stayin' Alive had been #1 for 4 weeks.

20 years ago
1988

Economics and finance

Panama ordered the nation's banks to close "until the supply of dollar bills can be regularized." Although a general strike against the regime of Gen. Manuel Noriega had ended, the bank closing devastated the economy again.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz, in an atempt to stimulate the Middle East peace process, met with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres in Jerusalem; with Syrian President Hafez al-Assad in Damascus; and with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Cairo. Mr. Shultz was unable to report any progress.

March 3, 2008

Happy birthday, Sherry!

90 years ago
1918

War

The Russian Bolsheviks signed a peace treaty at Brest-Litovsk with Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey.

40 years ago
1968

Hockey


At Detroit's Olympia Stadium, the hometown Red Wings defeated the Montreal Canadiens 5-2. Canadiens' captain Jean Beliveau scored his 25th goal of the season in the first period, becoming the second player in NHL history to score 1,000 career points. Gordie Howe of the Red Wings, who played that night, was the first player to accomplish the feat, in 1960. Norm Ullman, playing his last game in a Detroit uniform, led the Red Wings with two goals (his 29th and 30th of the season) and an assist. Paul Henderson scored his 13th of the season, and Nick Libett scored his first NHL goal
to aid the Red Wing cause. Floyd Smith, in his Red Wing finale, added two assists.

After the game, the Toronto Maple Leafs and Detroit Red Wings effected a 7-player trade. The Maple Leafs traded Frank Mahovlich, Pete Stemkowski, Garry Unger and the rights to Carl Brewer (then out of professional hockey) to the Red Wings for Norm Ullman, Paul Henderson and Floyd Smith. The trade turned out to be a good trade for both teams, at least for the individual players involved. The scoring productivity of all six of the current players improved over the final weeks of the season.

The defending Stanley Cup champion Maple Leafs made the trade in a desperate effort to avoid missing the playoffs in the first season of NHL expansion. The player who benefited most from the change of scenery was probably Mr. Mahovlich, who had become depressed and frustrated in Toronto to the point of requiring treatment during the current season. The presence in the Detroit organization of his brother Pete was probably another factor helping the Big M's peace of mind. In 50 games as a Maple Leaf in 1967-68, Frank Mahovlich scored 19 goals and 17 assists; in 13 games as a Red Wing that year, he scored 7 goals and 9 assists.

As it turned out, the trade came too late to save the season for the Maple Leafs; they finished 4 points out of the last playoff spot. The Red Wings finished sixth and last in the Eastern Division, 10 points behind the Maple Leafs.

25 years ago
1983

Hit parade

Canada's top 30

1 Goody Two Shoes--Adam Ant
2 We've Got Tonight--Kenny Rogers & Sheena Easton
3 You Are--Lionel Richie
4 Shame on the Moon--Bob Seger & the Silver Bullet Band
5 Allentown--Billy Joel
6 Stray Cat Strut--The Stray Cats
7 Separate Ways--Journey
8 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson
9 When I'm With You--Sheriff
10 One on One--Daryl Hall and John Oates
11 Mr. Roboto--Styx
12 Back on the Chain Gang--Pretenders
13 All Right--Christopher Cross
14 Hungry Like the Wolf--Duran Duran
15 Baby Come to Me--Patti Austin
16 Do You Really Want to Hurt Me--Culture Club
17 Crazy--Supertramp
18 Breaking Us in Two--Joe Jackson
19 All of My Heart--ABC
20 Cuts Like a Knife--Bryan Adams
21 Shy Boy--Bananarama
22 Everytime I See Your Picture--Luba
23 I've Got a Rock & Roll Heart--Eric Clapton
24 Comin' True--Streetheart
25 I Don't Care Anymore--Phil Collins
26 Who Knows How to Make Love Stay--Doug and the Slugs
27 Make Love Stay--Dan Fogelberg
28 Jeopardy--Greg Kihn Band
29 Change of Heart--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
30 Human Race--Red Rider

Died on this date
Arthur Koestler, 77
. Hungarian-born British writer. Mr. Koestler joined the German Communist party in 1931, but left the party seven years later, and became an outspoken anti-Communist. His most famous book, Darkness at Noon, published in 1940, was a novel about the great purge in the Soviet Union under Josef Stalin in the late 1930s.

Mr. Koestler was of Jewish ancestry, but disavowed his heritage and became an atheist. His 1976 book The Thirteenth Tribe advanced the idea that Ashkenazi Jews (those of eastern European descent, such as Mr. Koestler) are not descended from the ancient Israelites, but from the Khazars, a Turkish tribe from the Caucasus that converted to Judaism in the 8th Century and later moved into present-day Russia, Ukraine, and Poland. Recent genetic research has contradicted this idea (the reader is encouraged to look it up for himself).

Arthur Koestler, a promoter of euthanasia, was suffering from Parkinson's Disease and leukemia, and committed joint suicide with his wife Cynthia by means of a drug overdose.

20 years ago
1988

Economics and finance

U.S. federal district courts restrained four banks from transferring funds to the Panamanian government.

Politics
The United States House of Representatives rejected by a vote of 216-208 a plan advanced by House Speaker Jim Wright for $30.8 million in non-lethal aid to the Contras in Nicaragua.

World events
U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz met with King Hussein of Jordan for the second time in three days in an attempt to stimulate the Middle East peace process. Thirty U.S. senators wrote Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir, criticizing his rejection of the idea of trading land for peace--giving up the occupied territories--as supported by United Nations Security Council Resolution 242.

10 years ago
1998

Died on this date
Fred Friendly, 82
. U.S. broadcast executive. Mr. Friendly was president of CBS News in the 1950s and 1960s, and was particularly known for his collaborative efforts with broadcaster Edward R. Murrow. A series of Columbia record albums titled I Can Hear it Now, beginning in 1948, was followed by the radio series Hear it Now in 1951, which soon moved to television as See it Now.

Probably the most famous See it Now broadcast was that of March 9, 1954, a critical examination of Senator Joseph McCarthy. The broadcast has been credited by some with helping to turn public opinion against the Wisconsin anti-Communist activist (although a number of anti-McCarthy commentators criticized See it Now the broadcast as unfair and distorted. The circumstances surrounding this broadcast inspired the 2005 movie Good Night and Good Luck; George Clooney played Mr. Friendly.

After See it Now ended its run in 1958, Mr. Friendly and Mr. Murrow collaborated on a number of projects for the series CBS Reports; the most famous of these, Harvest of Shame, broadcast in November 1960, concerned the plight of migrant farm workers and is still considered a high point in the history of television journalism.

Mr. Friendly produced a number of other programs for CBS Reports in the 1960s, but became increasingly disenchanted with the network brass. He reached his breaking point and resigned from CBS in 1966 when the network ran a scheduled episode of The Lucy Show instead of the first United States Senate hearings investigating American involvement in Vietnam. After leaving CBS, Mr. Friendly worked at the Ford Foundation, taught journalism at Columbia University, and played a major role in the creation of the Public Broadcasting Service.

March 2, 2008

50 years ago
1958

On television tonight

Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Return of the Hero

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love is Blue--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: Cinderella Rockafella--Esther and Abi Ofarim

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Zond IV, a probe apparently intended to visit the moon. It was successfully launched outward after first parking in earth orbit, but never made it to the moon.

20 years ago
1988

Economics and finance

The United States State Department advised American banks not to disburse funds to Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega.

War
For the first time, Iraqi missiles struck the holy city of Qom in Iran.

March 1, 2008

130 years ago
1878

Edmontonia

Edmonton's first official post office, Fort Edmonton station, opened, with Richard Hardisty as postmaster. Previously, the Northwest Mounted Police handled the mail.

75 years ago
1933

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Missing Dancer

50 years ago
1958

Disasters

More than 350 people were killed when the Turkish ferry Uskudar sank in the Sea of Marmara near Istanbul.

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

Edmonton's top 10
1 Love is Blue--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra
2 Words--Bee Gees
3 (Sittin' on) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding
4 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
5 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
6 Simon Says--1910 Fruitgum Co.
7 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
8 I Can Take or Leave Your Lovin'--Herman's Hermits
9 Spooky--The Classics IV
10 Do What You Gotta Do--Al Wilson
Pick of the Week: Will You Love Me Tomorrow--The Four Seasons
New this week: Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
Whisper You Love Me Boy--Chris Clark
Up From the Skies--Jimi Hendrix Experience
Paper Crown of Gold--The Collection
Ways--The Candymen

World events
King Baudouin I of Belgium dissolved his country's parliament in anticipation of new elections after several attempts to form a new government had failed, following the February 7 resignation of the administration of Premier Paul Vanden Boeynant.

Disasters
In Philadelphia, high winds blew off a portion of the covering of the roof off of The Spectrum during a performance of the Ice Capades, closing the arena for a month, and forcing the Flyers, in their first season in the NHL, to play their remaining regular season "home" games on the road. After one game in New York and another in Toronto, the Flyers played at Le Colisee, home of their AHL farm team, the Quebec Aces. The roof was repaired in time for the Flyers to begin the Stanley Cup playoffs in April.

The 76ers of the NBA were able to play their home games that month in Convention Hall or the Palestra, but neither facility had an ice rink.

Curling
Hazel Jamieson of Edmonton won the Canadian women's curling championship, her second title in three years.

30 years ago
1978

Crime

Extortionists stole the coffin of Charlie Chaplin from a Swiss cemetery. Police recovered the body in a cornfield on May 17, and arrested a Pole and a Bulgarian. Apparently nobody told the criminals that they stood a better chance of obtaining ransom from kidnapping a live person than a dead man.

20 years ago
1988

Hit parade

#1 single in Canada (The Record): Pump Up the Volume--M/A//R/R/S (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Joe Besser, 80
. U.S. comedian and actor. Mr. Besser was best known as a member of The Three Stooges; he joined the team in the spring of 1956, shortly after the death of Shemp Howard, and left shortly after Columbia Pictures shut down its comedy shorts department on December 20, 1957. Mr. Besser's comic persona was that of a childish, whiny sissy. He played this type of character ("Stinky") in the Abbott and Costello TV show in the early 1950s. By the mid-1950s, Mr. Besser was one of the few performers still making shorts at Columbia, which is why studio executives insisted on his being added to The Three Stooges. His sissy character didn't fit in well with the Stooges' brand of humour (Mr. Besser actually had a clause in his contract that prevented him from being hit too much), and the 16 shorts that The Three Stooges made during this period aren't regarded as being among their best. The films were released between January 31, 1957 (Hoofs and Goofs) and June 4, 1959 (Sappy Bull Fighters). His last "official" appearance as a Stooge came when the team was honoured with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in August 1983. Mr. Besser was a regular on The Joey Bishop Show from 1961-1965, and made occasional appearances on Mr. Bishop's late-night show from 1967-1969.

Politics
Panama's new President, Manuel Solis Palma, named a new cabinet that was sworn in. The ousted President, Eric Arturo Delvalle, claimed from hiding that he was still head of the government, and issued a proclamation freezing all Panamanian assets outside Panama.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz met with King Hussein of Jordan in London in an attempt to restart the Middle East peace process.

War
Iran protested to the Soviet Union for allegedly supplying Iraq with missiles.

February 29, 2008

100 years ago
1908

Died on this date
Pat Garrett, 57
. U.S. lawman. Mr. Garrett was the sheriff of Lincoln County, New Mexico, who was credited with fatally shooting Billy the Kid in 1881. Mr. Garrett was killed near Las Cruces, N.M. while was travelling with another man to a meeting to discuss a land dispute. Mr. Garrett was fatally shot when he stopped in the desert for a few minutes to urinate.

60 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Case of King Philip's Golden Salver

Religion
Richard Wurmbrand, pastor of an underground church in Romania, was arrested by secret police as he walked to church, was taken to their headquarters and later put in a solitary cell where he was designated as Prisoner Number 1. He remained imprisoned for his faith for the next 8 1/2 years. His wife Sabrina, who served 3 years in prison herself during this period, was told a number of times that her husband had died. She was suspicious of these reports, and rightly so. The two were reunited when Richard was released in 1956.

Upon Richard's release, he and Sabrina resumed their activities; Richard was returned to prison, and wasn't released until 1964. He survived brutality that many did not, and told his story in a best-selling memoir titled Tortured for Christ. In 1965, western churches ransomed Richard for $10,000. He and Sabrina (and son Mihai) came to America, where Richard testified about his experiences before the U.S. Senate. The Wurmbrands devoted themselves to speaking out on behalf of Christians being persecuted behind the Iron Curtain.

In 1969 Pastor Wurmbrand founded Jesus to the Communist World, an organization which is known today as Voice of the Martyrs. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, VOM has broadened its ministry to aiding the cause of persecuted Christians around the world, not just those in Communist countries. URLs for internaitonal VOM sites can be found at http://www.persecution.com/internationalOffice/index.cfm .

Sabrina Wurmbrand died in 2000; Richard died in Whittier, California on February 17, 2001 at the age of 91. He was undoubtedly met by the words, "Well done, thou good and faithful servant."

40 years ago
1968

Music

Up, Up and Away won Grammy Awards for Song of the Year and Record of the Year. It had been a hit for The Fifth Dimension. Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, by the Beatles, won the Grammy for Album of the Year.

Society
The President’s National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, an 11-member body headed by Illinois Governor Otto Kern, released a summary of its 1,400-page report on the summer riots of 1967. The commission was appointed by President Lyndon Johnson on July 27, 1967 to investigate the nature of the riots, discover the causes, and determine how future riots could be avoided.

In the summer of 1967, 164 "civil disorders" were reported in 128 American cities. The most notorious took place in Newark, New Jersey and Detroit, Michigan. In Newark, 23 people were killed and $10 million in property damage occurred from July 14-17. The Detroit riots resulted in 43 deaths, 7,231 arrests, 2,500 businesses burned or looted, and $22 million in property damage from July 23-28. Other cities affected by violence that summer included Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Buffalo and Syracuse, New York. This blogger passed through downtown Syracuse with his family in August, and it wasn’t a pretty sight. It seems the Summer of Love was restricted to San Francisco.

The commission’s major findings were:
--The U.S. "is moving toward 2 societies, one black, one white--separate and unequal," but it is still possible to head off the division.
--White racism is the chief cause of the Negro violence and riots.
--To reverse the situation calls for unprecedented levels of "funding and performance" but "there can be no higher priority for national action and no higher claim on the nation’s conscience."

The commission found that the riots were not organized or part of any conspiracy, but happened because of an accumulation of social ills such as unemployment, inadequate housing, discriminatory police practices, and various complex social processes. The underlying factor in the cause of the riots was found to be "...the racial attitude and behavior of white Americans toward black Americans."

The commission made more than 150 specific recommendations for removing the causes of racial unrest, including:
--Creation of 2 million new jobs in the next 3 years.
--Decentralization of city governments to make them more responsive to the needs of their people.
--A national system of income supplements based on need.
--New low- and moderate-income housing.

The commission report received the backing of most of the civil rights leaders in the United States, but there was much adverse reaction, especially to the central finding of the commission that white racism was the root cause of the riots.

In short, the report reflected typical liberal American views of the 1960s, still believed by some today: Whitey is the cause of all evil; black people are basically just children who shouldn’t be held morally accountable for their behaviour, and need the help of white liberals in order to improve their lot in life; and social problems can best be solved by throwing money at them.

20 years ago
1988

World events

A strike against the regime of Gen. Manuel Noriega began in Panama. It was widely supported, at least in Panama City.

War
Iran and Iraq began firing missiles at each other's capital.

Thursday, 28 February 2008

February 28, 2008

50 years ago
1958

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Magic Moments--Perry Como

40 years ago
1968

Politics

In Ottawa, Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson's Liberal government survived a non-confidence motion by a vote of 138-119, nine days after a major Liberal tax measure had been defeated in the House of Commons.

In American politics, Michigan Governor George Romney, speaking in Washington, surprised observers by announcing he was withdrawing from the race for the Republican presidential nomination, just 12 days before the New Hampshire primary. Mr. Romney said that he'd failed to achieve the broad support that he needed. There was speculation that private polls indicated that he would do poorly in N.H., and New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller's announcement four days earlier that he would be available for a draft was also thought to be a factor in Mr. Romney's decision.

U.S. President Lyndon Johnson presented the Medal of Freedom to outgoing Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in a White House ceremony. Mr. McNamara had been named to head the World Bank.

30 years ago
1978

Died on this date
Zara Cully, 86
. U.S. actress. Miss Cully was best known as Mother Jefferson on the TV situation comedy series The Jeffersons, a role she originated on All in the Family in 1974, and continued when the spinoff series was created in 1975. She played the role until a few months before her death from cancer. Miss Cully appeared in several movies, including The Liberation of L.B. Jones and WUSA, both from 1970.

25 years ago
1983

Television

Goodbye, Farewell and Amen, the 251st and final episode of MASH, aired on CBS and attracted 77% of the American viewing audience. The 2 1/2-hour finale remains the single most-watched episode of any series in the history of television. I didn't care for the final show (especially the preachy parts written by Alan Alda), but it was better than the dismal, now-forgotten followup series AfterMASH.

20 years ago
1988

Olympics

Closing ceremonies for the Winter Olympics were held at McMahon Stadium in Calgary.

War
Iran bombed the city of Basra in southern Iraq.

Abominations
At least 32--Armenians claimed as many as 300--Armenians were killed during disorders in the city of Sumgait, Azerbaijan.

Politics
In the contest for the U. S. presidential nominations, Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis won the Democratic caucuses in Maine, while Vice President George Bush won the Republican caucuses.

Wednesday, 27 February 2008

February 27, 2008

80 years ago
1928

World events

In Nicaragua, U.S. Marines were ambushed by Sandanista rebels. Five marines were killed, and eight wounded.

Crime
A report made to the National Crime Commission stated that the vastness of the crime problem in the United States was due largely to the inefficiency of the police, and that their inefficiency was due largely to "the lack of average intelligence in the police force, particularly in the supervisory branches."

Disasters
Commander Theodore G. Ellyson, executive officer of the new aircraft carrier Lexington, and two other naval airmen, Lt. Cdr. Hugo Schmidt and Lt. Rogers S. Ransehouse, disappeared while making a flight from Hampton Roads to Annapolis, where Cdr. Ellison's daughter was ill.

Law
U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signed a bill transferring to the Secretary of the Navy jurisdiction over oil and gas leases issued by the Secretary of the Interior on lands in naval petroleum reserves. This was a result of the Teapot Dome scandal of 1923, the trials from which were still taking place in 1928. Albert B. Fall had been the Secretary of the Interior in 1923, and had become the first member of a U.S. cabinet to go to prison.

75 years ago
1933

World events

In Berlin, the German Reichstag burned down that night. A Dutch Communist named Marinus van der Lubbe, a recent arrival in Germany, was arrested inside the building. Three Bulgarians were subsequently arrested and charged as part of the conspiracy to burn the Reichstag. Mr. van der Lubbe was the only one convicted, and he was beheaded on January 10, 1934. The extent to which others may have been involved is still debated by historians.

The most significant result of the fire was a dramatic increase in the political power of Adolf Hitler, who had become Chancellor of Germany less than a month earlier. With elections coming up on March 5, Mr. Hitler asked for, and received from President Paul von Hindenburg, the Reichstag Fire Decree, which Mr. Hindenburg signed into law under section 48 of the Weimar constitution. The decree suspended most civil liberties in Germany, and was used by the Nazis in banning "unfriendly" publications. Thousands of Communists were arrested in the next several days.

The Nazis, with their allies in the German National People's Party were able to obtain a majority in the Reichstag, and pass the Enabling Act, giving Mr. Hitler the right to rule by decree. A month after the fire, Mr. Hitler had achieved dictatorial power.

You may have noticed that this wasn't the last time that a terrorist act was used as a pretext for suspending civil liberties and giving dictatorial powers to the executive branch of government in a Western "democracy." And of course, those liberties didn't come back anytime soon.

40 years ago
1968

War

U. S. President Lyndon Johnson, speaking in Dallas, declared that the North Vietnamese Tet offensive had failed, and told his audience: "There must be no weakening of will that would encourage the enemy and prolong the bloody conflict." The President said that U.S. and South Vietnamese forces had "answered aggression's onslaught with one strong voice," declaring "'No retreat.'" "That must be our answer, too, here at home. No retreat from the responsibility of the hour and the day."

Died on this date
Frankie Lymon, 25
. U.S. singer. Mr. Lymon, lead singer of The Teenagers, was the first teenage rock and roll star, and one of
that lifestyle's first casualties. At the age of 13, his soprano lead vocal propelled Why Do Fools Fall in Love to #1 on the U.S. rhythm and blues chart and #6 on the pop chart in the first half of 1956. The followup single, I Want You to Be My Girl, hit #13 on the pop chart. The group hit the R&B chart a few more times before splitting up in 1957. Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1993, and into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2000.

Mr. Lymon had a sporadic and commercially unsuccessful recording career, which wasn't helped when his voice changed with puberty. He became a heroin addict at the age of 15; he eventually kicked the habit, but had a relapse and died of an overdose just as he was resuming his recording career. His final single, I'm Sorry/Seabreeze, recorded shortly before his death, was released later in 1968.

It would take too much time and space here to go into the details of Mr. Lymon's recording career and his sordid and complicated private life. If you want to check for yourself, go to "Marc Goldberg's R&B Notebook: The Teenagers" at http://home.att.net/~marvy42/Teenagers/teenagers.html or the article on Frankie Lymon in Wikipedia.

A fictionalized movie about Mr. Lymon, Why Do Fools Fall in Love, was released in 1998. If you want to see the real Frankie Lymon with the Teenagers in a movie, look for Mr. Rock and Roll (1957), or Rock, Rock, Rock (1956), where they sing I'm Not a Juvenile Delinquent.

Boxing
Lionel Rose, an Australian aborigine, won a 15-round decision over Fighting Harada in Tokyo to win the world bantamweight title.

30 years ago
1978

Died on this date
Robert Sobukwe, 53
. South African political activist. An opponent of Apartheid, Mr. Sobukwe formed the Pan Africanist Congress, and was elected its first president in 1959. On March 21, 1960, Mr. Sobukwe led a march to the local police station at Orlando, Soweto in protest agaist the Pass Law, which required blacks to carry a pass book at all times. Mr. Sobukwe deliberately made himself guilty under the law by being in a place that wasn't allowed for in his papers. The same day in Sharpeville, 69 PAC supporters were killed in what became known as the Sharpeville Massacre.

Mr. Sobukwe was convicted of incitement and sentenced to three years in prison. Afte serving his sentence, he was kept in prison, without trial, on Robben Island. The new General Law Amendment Act, popularly known as the "Sobukwe clause," was passed, allowing the Minister of Justice to renew Mr. Sobukwe's imprisonment annually at his discretion. Mr. Sobukwe was the only person ever imprisoned under this clause.

Mr. Sobukwe was released to house arrest (and banned from political activity) in 1969, but was able to complete a law degree in 1975 and begin practicing. He died of lung cancer.

25 years ago
1983

Track and field

Eamonn Coghlan of Ireland set a world record for the indoor mile at 3:49.78 at the Vitalis/U.S. Olympic Invitational meet in East Rutherford, New Jersey. Mr. Coghlan's record stood until 1997.

20 years ago
1988

Olympics

Elizabeth Manley of Ottawa, representing Canada, became the latest woman to become "Canada's Sweetheart" when she surprised everyone with the performance of her life in the long program in the women's figure skating event at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary. Miss Manley won the long program, and almost won the overall title. The favourite, Katarina Witt of East Germany, held on to win the gold medal; Miss Manley won the silver, and American Debi Thomas won the bronze, becoming the first black athlete ever to win a medal in the Winter Olympics.

War
Iraqi jets bombed Iranian oil refineries.

10 years ago
1998

Died on this date
J.T. Walsh, 54
. U.S. actor. Mr. Walsh was a versatile character actor who appeared in nearly 60 movies. He played John Ehrlichman in Oliver Stone's 1995 film Nixon.

Monday, 25 February 2008

February 26, 2008

170 years ago
1838

World events

Hundreds of Americans sympathetic with the rebels in Upper Canada captured Pelee Island in Lake Erie.

100 years ago
1908

Born on this date
Tex Avery
. U.S. animator. Mr. Avery was created with the creation of Daffy Duck, and plyed a key role in the development of the characters of Bugs Bunny and Elmer Fudd.

90 years ago
1918

Disasters

An estimated 604 spectators were killed when the grandstand of the Hong Kong Jockey Club collapsed and burned. It was the deadliest disaster in sports history.

80 years ago
1928

Born on this date
Happy 80th birthday, Fats Domino!

One of the major figures in the early years of rock and roll, Antoine Domino has lived his entire life (except for time on the road, of course) in New Orleans.

By the time rock and roll started to become popular in 1955, Fats had already accumulated an impressive string of hits on the rhythm and blues charts. His first hit, The Fat Man, sold over 800,000 copies and hit #2 on the Billboard (TM) R&B chart in early 1950. Rock historian Michael Ochs commented that when you hear this song, it's as though you're hearing it live through some time warp from antiquity.

The first single of Mr. Domino's to make it onto the pop chart was Goin' Home in 1952. Mr. Domino continued his chart run with songs such as Goin' to the River and Please Don't Leave Me, both from 1953. By the time Fats performed at a festival at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles in 1954, he was introduced by Louis Armstrong as someone fully deserving of inclusion in the hall of fame.

Ain't That a Shame, released in the summer of 1955, was the first single of Mr. Domino's to hit the top 10 on the pop chart, and was the first of ten top 10 pop hits from 1955-1960. In the 6-year period from the spring of 1956 to the spring of 1962, Fats had 34 entries on the U.S. top 40 pop chart, many of them being two-sided hits.
Oddly, he never had a #1 pop hit; his biggest hit, Blueberry Hill, spent three weeks at #2 in the fall of 1956.

Mr. Domino's original compositions, many written with trumpeter Dave Bartholomew, included such hits as I'm in Love Again; Blue Monday; I'm Walkin'; Valley of Tears; Whole Lotta Loving; Be My Guest; Walkin' to New Orleans; and Let the Four Winds Blow.

In addition to Blueberry Hill, Mr. Domino had hits with his versions of other old songs, such as My Blue Heaven; When My Dreamboat Comes Home; I'm in the Mood for Love; Jambalaya; and You Win Again. His records in the 1950s and '60s sold an estimated 65 million copies.

Fats also appeared in several movies, including The Girl Can't Help It (1956--performing Blue Monday); Jamboree (1957); and The Big Beat (1958--performing the title song, and I'm Walkin').

Mr. Domino was the major artist on New Orleans-based Imperial Records before Ricky Nelson joined the label in 1958. In 1963, with his popularity diminishing, Mr. Domino signed with ABC Paramount; his last top 40 pop single, Red Sails in the Sunset, hit #36 in October 1963. In 1965 Fats signed with the Mercury label; no hits resulted, but he gave I Left My Heart in San Francisco the treatment it deserved. After a couple of obscure singles on the New Orleans-based Broadmoor label, Mr. Domino went to Reprise in 1968. He made Lady Madonna sound as though it had been written for him, and it deserved better than its #100 chart position. He also covered Lovely Rita and Everybody's Got Something to Hide Except for Me and My Monkey, but they failed to chart.

Mr. Domino settled into a life of occasional road trips and television appearances in later years. He was elected to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986, and the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1998. In 1998 he was also awarded the American National Medal of the Arts by the National Endowment for the Arts.

Fats made headlines in 2005 when he was reported missing in the early days after Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans. He's attempted to brave the storm at home, but his home was destroyed, and he was nowhere to be found. It turned out that he'd finally abandoned his house, and had been rescued by a passing Coast Guard helicopter.

Fats Domino and his wife Rosemary will be celebrating their 60th wedding anniversary on August 6, 2008. They have eight children, all of whose names begin with the letter A.

My favourite Fats Domino records are the two-sided hits of The Big Beat/I Want You to Know (late 1957-early 1958); I Want to Walk You Home/I'm Gonna Be a Wheel Someday (late summer-early fall of 1959); and Natural Born Lover/My Girl Josephine (late 1960).

Aviation
The United States Navy dirigible Los Angeles left Lakehurst, New Jersey at 6:15 A.M., flew over New York City, then headed south.

Disasters
The transcontinental air mail plane from New York to San Francisco, carrying 29 sacks of mail and one passenger, was wrecked at daylight near Marquette, Nebraska. The passenger, S.N. Craig of Beaver, Pennsylvania, was killed.

75 years ago
1933

Born on this date
Godfrey Cambridge
. U.S. actor and comedian. Mr. Cambridge was born in New York to parents who emigrated to from British Guiana, but spent some of his school years in Nova Scotia before returning to New York to finish his education. He received a scholarship to study medicine, but opted for an acting career instead.

Mr. Cambridge made his Broadway debut in 1957 in Nature's Way. His other Broadway appearances came in Ossie Davis's Purlie Victorious (1961-1962) (where his co-stars included Alan Alda); and How To Be a Jewish Mother (1967-1968), which closed after just 20 performances. An off-Broadway appearance in The Blacks earned him an Obie award in 1961.

During these years he began to appear on television, often as a guest on Tonight, when Jack Paar was the host. Mr. Cambridge made guest appearances in such series as Car 54, Where Are You?; The Dick Van Dyke Show; and I Spy.

Among Mr. Cambridge's movie credits were The President's Analyst (1967); Cotton Comes to Harlem (1970); and his best-known role, as star of Watermelon Man, where he played a white bigot who woke up one day to discover that he'd turned black. Mr. Cambridge was cast as Ugandan dictator Idi Amin in the made-for-television movie Victory at Entebbe, but suffered a fatal heart attack on the set on November 29, 1976. Mr. Amin declared that Mr. Cambridge's act was punishment from God; a more prosaic explanation is that his death was caused more by overeating and yo-yo dieting.

20 years ago
1988

Politics

The Panamanian National Assembly ousted President Eric Arturo Delvalle from office, a day after Mr. Delvalle had sought to fire dictator Gen. Manuel Noriega. The pro-Noriega majority installed Education Minister Manuel Solis Palma as minister in charge of the presidency. Mr. Delvalle denounced the assembly's actions, and called for a general strike. He then responded to a military ultimatum to leave the country by going into hiding. The main anti-Noriega newspaper in Panama was shut down. The United States said that it supported Mr. Delvalle, but had no plans to intervene militarily.

February 25, 2008

100 years ago
1908

Born on this date
Frank G. Slaughter
. U.S. surgeon and novelist. Dr. Slaughter was practicing at Riverside Hospital in Jacksonville, Florida when he began writing novels that drew on his medical experience. His novels, which sold 60 million copies, included That None Should Die; Surgeon, U.S.A.; and The Scarlet Cord.

Several of Dr. Slaughter's novels were made into movies, including The Warrior (released on film as Seminole in 1953); Sangaree; and Doctors' Wives. Dr. Slaughter's last novel, No Greater Love, was published in 1985. He died on May 17, 2001 at the age of 93.

80 years ago
1928

Crime

Mail robbers got away with $133,000 in currency when they blew open the door of a Grand Trunk Railway car at Evergreen Park, Chicago.

Aviation
Harry Brooks of Detroit, flying a Ford one-man airplane from Titusville, Florida to Miami, fell into the sea off Melbourne, Florida, and was drowned.

30 years ago
1978

Hockey

The New York Rangers defeated the Montreal Canadiens 6-3 at the Montreal Forum in the national Hockey Night in Canada game, ending the Canadiens' unbeaten streak at a record 28 games. The game proved to be the high point in the NHL career of Rangers' goalie Hardy Astrom, whose play for the Colorado Rockies two years later led Rockies' head coach Don Cherry to dub Mr. Astrom "The Swedish Sieve," and helped to end Mr. Cherry's coaching career.

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Stayin' Alive--Bee Gees (4th week at #1)

25 years ago
1983

Died on this date
Tennessee Williams, 71
. U.S. playwright. Mr. Williams was one of the best-known playwrights of the 20th century. A Streetcar Named Desire (1947) and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955) each won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. The Rose Tattoo (1951) won the Tony for Best Play, and The Glass Menagerie (1944) and The Night of the Iguana (1961) each won awards from the New York Drama Critics' Circle.

Many of his works, including all of those mentioned above, were made into movies. These included Summer and Smoke; Suddenly, Last Summer; Sweet Bird of Youth; Period of Adjustment; and Orpheus Descending (released on film as The Fugitive Kind). Mr. Williams wrote the screenplay for Baby Doll (1956), and his novella The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone was made into a movie in 1961.

Mr. Williams went into a long decline after the early 1960s, and was never able to recapture his earlier success. For example, The Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore (1963) closed after just 69 performances on Broadway, and a reworked version a year later lasted just 5 nights. The movie version, titled Boom!, was one of the biggest critical and box office flops of 1968.

Mr. Williams died from choking on a plastic bottle cap in his room at the Hotel Elysee in New York. He was apparently in the habit of putting the cap in his mouth while he tilted his head back to put drops in his eyes.

10 years ago
1998

Died on this date
W.O. Mitchell, 83
. Canadian writer. His best-known works were the novels Who Has Seen the Wind and Jake and the Kid. The former was made into a movie in 1977, while the latter was a successful radio series on CBC in the 1960s.

Tuesday, 19 February 2008

February 24, 2008

140 years ago
1868

Politics

The United States House of Representatives voted 128-47 to impeach President Andrew Johnson on 11 counts, mainly related to his refusal to implement the Tenure of Office Act, a law passed in 1867 which forbade the president to remove civil officials, including members of his cabinet, without the consent of the Senate. Mr. Johnson had suspended Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, intending to secure a test case of the law in the Supreme Court. The larger issue surrounding the impeachment was Mr. Johnson's opposition to the attempt by radical Republicans to impose their agenda of Reconstruction on the southern states in the years following the Civil War.

50 years ago
1958

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard Top 100 chart): Get a Job--The Silhouettes

40 years ago
1968

Politics

New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller announced that he would be available for a draft for the Republican presidential nomination for 1968.

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Love is Blue--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: The Mighty Quinn--Manfred Mann (2nd week at #1)

25 years ago
1983

Football

Pete Kettela was hired as head coach of the Edmonton Eskimos. He came to the Canadian Football League with a rather thin resume (most recently as offensive backfield coach with the NFL's Green Bay Packers), but Hugh Campbell had left such big shoes to fill after winning 5 straight Grey Cups that nobody else wanted the job.

Hit parade
Canada's top 10
1 Goody Two Shoes--Adam Ant
2 Shame on the Moon--Bob Seger and the Silver Bullet Band
3 Allentown--Billy Joel
4 We've Got Tonight--Kenny Rogers and Sheena Easton
5 When I'm With You--Sheriff
6 Stray Cat Strut--The Stray Cats
7 You Are--Lionel Richie
8 Baby, Come to Me--Patti Austin (with James Ingram)
9 Crazy--Supertramp
10 Do You Really Want to Hurt Me--Culture Club

10 years ago
1998

Died on this date
Henny Youngman, 91
. U.S. comedian. The King of the One-Liners was known for delivering one-line jokes, punctuated with interludes of violin playing. His most famous line was "Take my wife--please!" When the New York Telephone Company started its Dial-a-Joke line in 1974, over three million people called in one month to hear 30 seconds of Mr. Youngman's material—the most ever for a comedian.

February 23, 2008

700 years ago
1308

World events

King Edward II of England was crowned at Westminster.

80 years ago
1928

World events

In Germany, it was announced that all female employees of the German postal system (including telegraph, telephone, and post office services) were required to wear service skirts reaching at least 8 inches below the knees.

Aviation
Miss Margaret Bartlett, a Columbia University student and daughter of Judge George A. Bartlett of Reno, Nevada, stepped from the cabin of a transcontinental mail plane at the Oakland municipal airport after 41 hours in the air, becoming the first girl to fly from New York to San Francisco on the regular air mail schedule.

70 years ago
1938

Boxing

Joe Louis successfully defended his world heavyweight title with a 3-round knockout of Nathan Mann at Madison Square Garden in New York.

50 years ago
1958

On television tonight

Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: Guest for Breakfast

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

Edmonton's top 10
1 Love is Blue--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra
2 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
3 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
4 (Sittin' on) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding
5 Words--Bee Gees
6 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
7 Simon Says--1910 Fruitgum Co.
8 Spooky--The Classics IV
9 I Wonder What She's Doing Tonite--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart
10 I Can Take or Leave Your Lovin'--Herman's Hermits
Pick of the Week: Walk Away Renee--The Four Tops
New this week: It's a Gas--The Hombres
Sister Marie--Nilsson
Will You Love Me Tomorrow--The Four Seasons
Hey Hey Bunny--John Fred and His Playboy Band
Just What I've Been Looking For--The Vogues

Another new single that week was an instrumental version of Judy in Disguise (With Glasses), credited to Offenbach. It consisted of the same instrumental track as the version by John Fred and his Playboy Band, but with a saxophone solo in place of the vocals. It was released on the same label: Paula.

20 years ago
1988

Hit parade

Canada's top 10 (The Record)
1 Pump Up the Volume--M.A.R.R.S.
2 Could've Been--Tiffany
3 What Have I Done to Deserve This--Pet Shop Boys (with Dusty Springfield)
4 Tell it to My Heart--Taylor Dayne
5 Pop Goes the World--Men Without Hats
6 The Way You Make Me Feel--Michael Jackson
7 Got My Mind Set on You--George Harrison
8 Faith--George Michael
9 Hungry Eyes--Eric Carmen
10 Hazy Shade of Winter--Bangles

February 22, 2008

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Laura Pereverzoff!

80 years ago
1928

Americana

The Ku Klux Klan officially announced the discarding of its masks beginning February 23, and the changing of its name to Knights of the Great Forest.

Crime
The wire-bound bodies of Edgar and George Chisholm were found in the canal at Indiana Harbor, Indiana.

World events
King Amanullah of Afghanistan, the first monarch to visit Germany in 15 years and the first to visit the Weimar Republic, received a royal welcome in Berlin.

75 years ago
1933

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Her Majesty's Wine Cellar

60 years ago
1948

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes on MBS, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Wooden Claw

25 years ago
1983

Theatre

Moose Murders, a play written by someone named Arthur Bicknell, opened and closed at the Eugene O’Neill Theater in New York City, and quickly became notorious as one of the biggest flops in Broadway history. Frank Rich, whose original review in The New York Times can be found here, still considers Moose Murders to be the worst play he’s ever seen. The reader can have fun doing a Google search on this one.

Died on this date
Adrian Boult, 93
. U.K. conductor. Mr. Boult was chief conductor of the City of Birmingham Orchestra from 1924-1930, returning to that position in 1959-1960. He became Director of Music for the British Broadcastng Corporation in 1930, and became chief conductor when the BBC decided to form a symphony orchestra. After being forced into retirement by the BBC in 1949, Mr. Boult moved on to the London Philharmonic Orchestra, which he led until 1957. Mr. Boult was known for his association with the works of Ralph Vaughan Williams; he conducted recordings of all of Mr. Vaughan Williams’ symphonies, all of which are still available. Mr. Boult also conducted performances of other English composers such as Gustav Holst and Edward Elgar. His final recording, of music by Hubert Parry, was completed in December 1978. Mr. Boult was knighted in 1937, and made a Companion of Honour in 1969.

20 years ago
1988

Olympics

Canada and Sweden tied 2-2 in men's hockey at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary.

Scandal
Leaders of the Family Worship Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana barred Rev. Jimmy Swaggart from the pulpit for three months and imposed a two-year period of rehabilitation after seeing photographic evidence that the Assemblies of God pastor had been less than faithful in living up to his marriage vows. The announcement was made the day after Mr. Swaggart had publicly asked his congregation for forgiveness for an unspecified sin.

10 years ago
1998

Olympics

Bjorn Dahlie of Norway won the 50 kilometre cross country freestyle skiing event at Nagano for his record eighth career Olympic gold medal. He also had four silvers for a total of 12 Olympic medals, also a record. His winning time of 2 hours, 5 minutes, 8.2 seconds was just 8.1 seconds better than that of Niklas Jonsson of Sweden.

The Czech Republic defeated Russia 1-0 in the men's hockey final, the last Olympic event of the 20th Century.

Died on this date
Abraham Ribicoff, 87
. U.S. politician. A Democrat, Mr. Ribicoff served in the Connecticut state legislature from 1938-1942, and in the United States House of Representatives from 1949-1953, where he was a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee.

Mr. Ribicoff ran for United States Senator in 1952, losing to Republican Prescott Bush. He then returned to state politics, and was governor of Connecticut from 1955-1961. One of his projects as governor was an effort to curb speeding; in 1956 he suspended 10,346 driver's licenses, as opposed to 372 the year before.

Mr. Ribicoff was a longtime friend of John F. Kennedy, and nominated the Massachusetts senator for vice-president at the Democratic National Convention in 1956. When JFK became president, he rewarded Mr. Ribicoff for his support by naming him to his cabinet, as Secretary of health, Education and Welfare in 1961. Mr. Ribicoff found the department too large to be manageable, and left the cabinet to run for the Senate again in 1962. He was elected, replacing the retired Prescott Bush, and served three terms, leaving office in January 1981.

Perhaps Mr. Ribicoff's most memorable moment occurred at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968. In his speech nominating George McGovern for president, Mr. Ribicoff expressed his disgust with the behaviour of Chicago police towards student protestors by saying "If George McGovern were president, we wouldn’t have these Gestapo tactics in the streets of Chicago." The comment prompted loud applause from much of the audience, and an angry reaction from Chicago mayor Richard Daley.

Mr. Ribicoff spent his remaining years in the Senate supporting liberal stands on various issues. After leaving public office he practiced law with a New York firm. Mr. Ribicoff died of Alzheimer's Disease.

February 21, 2008

80 years ago
1928

World events

1,700 Communist troops, captured by Canton government troops near that city, were executed.

Scandal
Several verdicts were handed down in trials relating to the Teapot Dome oil lease scandal of 1923. Justice Frederick L. Siddons of the District of Columbia Supreme Court sentenced oil executive Harry F. Sinclair to six months' imprisonment for contempt of court.
Henry Mason Day, an official with Sinclair's Mammoth Oil Company, was sentenced to four months for contempt of court after admitting that he'd hired Burns detectives to shadow the jury in the Albert B. Fall-Harry Sinclair criminal conspiracy (i.e. Teapot Dome) trial.

Sherman Burns, the active head of the Burns Detective Agency, along with his father, William J. Burns, were also convicted and sentenced for contempt of court. Sherman was fined $1,000, while his father was sentenced to 15 days' imprisonment. All the defendants gave bail and notice of appeal.

Crime
At Lisbon, Ohio, S.A. Lengel, former Chief of Police in Canton, Ohio, who had once been convicted of the murder of Canton editor Don R. Mellett, was freed by a directed verdict in his second trial.

In New York, five city magistrates, three city clerks and a Municipal Court judge received envelopes through the mail that contained enough silver nitrate to cause death. It was stated that similar envelopes had been sent to President Calvin Coolidge and others in Washington.

Disasters
A U.S. naval court of inquiry into the sinking of the submarine S-4 off Provincetown, Massachusetts on December 17, 1927, which killed 5 officers, 34 enlisted men and a civilian, placed the blame on the dead commander of the submarine, Lt. Comm. Roy K. Jones, and Lt. Comm. John S. Bayliss, commanding officer of the Coast Guard ship Paulding, which rammed the submarine. The court stated that the two commanders "are jointly responsible for the collision," and that "serious blame was incurred by them."

40 years ago
1968

Disasters

Seven children were killed in a house fire near Gleichen, Alberta.

20 years ago
1988


Olympics
West Germany defeated the United States 4-1 in men's hockey at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary.

Scandal
Speaking to an audience of 6,000 at his Family Worship Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Rev. Jimmy Swaggart admitted an unspecified sin and asked for forgiveness. Mr. Swaggart had loudly (and correctly) denounced the sin of televangelist Jim Bakker when his ministry had been brought down in a sex scandal the previous year.

Mr. Swaggart had also accused fellow Assemblies of God pastor Marvin Gorman of adultery. Mr. Gorman responded by hiring a private detective, who obtained photographs of Mr. Swaggart at a motel frequently used by prostitutes. Mr. Gorman handed the evidence over to Assemblies of God leaders.

February 20, 2008

80 years ago
1928

Crime

Miss Margaret Brown, a governess in New York City, was robbed of $9,000 and set afire, and burned to death in a wood near Bernardsville, New Jersey.

20 years ago
1988

Olympics

In men's hockey, Canada defeated France 9-5 at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary. The French team was so bad that they were popularly known as "Les Miserables."

February 19, 2008

80 years ago
1928

Olympics

The University of Toronto Grads, representing Canada, routed Switzerland 13-0 to win the gold medal in hockey at St. Moritz. The Grads didn't give up a goal through the entire tournament.

Auto racing
Captain Malcolm Campbell, British World War I air ace, set a world land speed record on the beach at Daytona, Florida. He drove his 12-cylinder Bluebird one mile with the wind in 16.76 seconds (214.79 mph), and one mile against the wind in 17.39 seconds (199.66 mph). The average for the two miles was a mile in 17.39+ seconds (206.96 mph). Mr. Campbell's feat broke the record of 203.79 miles per hour set by Henry Segrave eleven months earlier, and marked the fourth time that Mr. Campbell had set the record.

30 years ago
1978

Hockey

In World Hockey Association action at the Riverfront Coliseum in Cincinnati, the hometown Stingers beat the Birmingham Bulls 4-3 on Darryl Maggs' goal at 9:32 of overtime. Birmingham forward Frank Beaton startled the Stingers by skating off the ice with the Cincinnati club at the end of the first period instead of with his own team. Mr. Beaton had spotted six police officers near the Bulls' dressing room, and figured that they were there to arrest him for failing to appear in Cincinnati to answer an assault charge two years earlier. Mr. Beaton hid in the Stingers' dressing room, but was quickly discovered and arrested.

In another WHA game, Mike Zuke scored 7:08 into overtime to give the Edmonton Oilers a 4-3 win over the Indianapolis Racers before 8,971 at the Edmonton Coliseum.

25 years ago
1983

Crime

At a gambling hall called the Wah Mee in Seattle's Chinatown, thirteen people were shot to death by Benjamin Ng and Kwan Fal "Willie" Mak. A third man, Tony Ng, fled the country and hid out in Calgary for nearly two years. He was eventually convicted of robbery and assault.

Hockey
In a penalty-filled game, the Edmonton Oilers prevailed 10-7 over the Pittsburgh Penguins at the Civic Arena in Pittsburgh. The nationally-telecast Hockey Night in Canada game saw the Toronto Maple Leafs beat the Calgary Flames 5-3.

20 years ago
1988

Hockey

Behind the goaltending of Ken Wregget, the Toronto Maple Leafs shut out the Vancouver Canucks 5-0 at the Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver.

Monday, 18 February 2008

February 18, 2008

100 years ago
1908

World events

The United States and Japan reached a "Gentleman's Agreement" restricting Japanese emigration to America.

80 years ago
1928

Died on this date
Nebraska Man (Hesperopithecus)
. The "million-dollar tooth," which was found in an ancient river bed in Nebraska in 1922 and put forward by scientists from the American Museum of Natural History (e.g., Henry Fairfield Osborn) as proof that a forerunner of modern man lived in America millions of years ago, was revealed to be the tooth of an extinct pig.

At the Scopes trial in 1925, Nebraska Man was cited as proof of evolution, and William Jennings Bryan was ridiculed when he protested the scanty evidence. Unfortunately, Bryan didn't live to see his views vindicated. Nebraska Man is just one of a number of man's alleged ancestors that hasn't stood the test of time, or close examination of the evidence. Other examples include Java Man, Peking Man, and Piltdown Man. "Science" marches on.

Oddities
At Eastland, Texas, a horned toad, sealed alive in the cornerstone of the court house 31 years earlier, was found alive when the stone was removed, according to County Judge Edward S. Pritchard. Could this have inspired the classic Warner Brothers cartoon One Froggy Evening?

Olympics
Sonja Henie of Norway won her first gold medal in women's figure skating at St. Moritz.

30 years ago
1978

Died on this date
Maggie McNamara, 49
. U.S. actress. Miss McNamara replaced Barbara Bel Geddes as Patty O'Neill in The Moon is Blue on Broadway in 1951, and reprised the role in the film version in 1953. Her performance earned her an Academy Award nomination. After starring in Three Coins in the Fountain (1954), she made just one picture, The Cardinal, in 1963. Miss McNamara appeared in several television shows, including the Twilight Zone episode Ring-a-Ding Girl (1963). Her last appearance was in a 1964 episode of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour titled Body in the Barn.

Miss McNamara reportedly worked as a typist in her later years. She died of a drug overdose in her apartment in New York; police said that she had suffered from mental illness, and that she'd left a suicide note.

Crime
In Media, Pennsylvania, former United Mine Workers president Tony Boyle's retrial on the charge of murdering his rival Jock Yablonski ended with Boyle being convicted of first-degree murder. Mr. Yablonski had challenged Mr. Boyle for the union presidency in 1969. The bodies of Mr. Yablonski and his wife and daughter were found shot to death at their home in Clarksville, Pa. on January 5, 1970. Mr. Boyle was convicted of murder, but a retrial was ordered on appeal when it was ruled that evidence that may have proved helpful to the defense had been wrongly excluded.

Hockey
On the national Hockey Night in Canada game, the Toronto Maple Leafs came from behind to beat the Minnesota North Stars 5-4 at Maple Leaf Gardens. If you were watching in Quebec or on Radio Canada, you saw the Montreal Canadiens whip the Colorado Rockies 9-4 at the Montreal Forum.

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Stayin' Alive--Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)

Saturday, 16 February 2008

February 17, 2008

75 years ago
1933

Journalism

Newsweek magazine (then known as News-Week) was founded by Thomas J.C. Martyn.

50 years ago
1958

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (disc jockey chart): Sugartime--The McGuire Sisters

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Love is Blue--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: The Mighty Quinn--Manfred Mann

30 years ago
1978

Football

Jim Finks, general manager of the Chicago Bears of the National Football League, announced the hiring of Neill Armstrong as head coach. Mr. Armstrong had been a great receiver with the Philadelphia Eagles and Winnipeg Blue Bombers in the early 1950s, and had been head coach of the Edmonton Eskimos from 1964-1969. Mr. Armstrong's teams in Edmonton were known for strong defensive play, but inadequate quarterbacking. When he left the Eskimos in November 1969, Mr. Armstrong was immediately hired by Mr. Finks, then general manager of the Minnesota Vikings, to be an assistant coach under Bud Grant, where he had considerable success.

25 years ago
1983

Hockey

At the Spectrum in Philadelphia, the hometown Flyers defeated the Edmonton Oilers 7-3.

20 years ago
1988

Olympics

In men's hockey, the U.S.S.R. defeated the United States 7-5 at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary.

Hockey
At the Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton, a late goal by Mark Messier gave the Edmonton Oilers a 4-4 tie with the Toronto Maple Leafs. The Oilers had jumped out to a 3-0 lead, only to have the Maple Leafs come back with four straight goals. The tie gave the Maple Leafs their first point in Edmonton since a 6-6 tie on January 26, 1983.

10 years ago
1998

Died on this date
Bob Merrill, 77
. U. S. songwriter. Mr. Merrill wrote 18 U.S. top 10 hits from 1949 to 1956, including If I Knew You Were Coming I'd Have Baked a Cake; How Much is that Doggie in the Window?; and Mambo Italiano. Barbra Streisand's signature song, People, was also written by Mr. Merrill. Mr. Merrill also achieved success on Broadway, writing the lyrics for Funny Girl and Carnival among many others. He also wrote screenplays, including Mahogany.

Thursday, 14 February 2008

February 16, 2008

80 years ago
1928

World events

Egypt signed the Geneva convention for the abolition of slavery.

Crime
Two coal diggers were shot to death in fights between coal miners' unions at Pittston and Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

50 years ago
1958

On television tonight

Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: On the Nose

40 years ago
1968

Died on this date
Healy Willan, 87
. English-born Canadian composer and organist. Dr. Willan taught music at the University of Toronto for many years, beginning in 1914. He's best-known for his sacred music and his compositions for organ, and his music is regularly heard on CBC 2 radio.

Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10
1 Love is Blue--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra
2 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
3 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
4 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
5 I Can Take or Leave Your Lovin'--Herman's Hermits
6 I Wonder What She's Doing Tonite--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart
7 Spooky--The Classics IV
8 (Sittin' on) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding
9 Zabadak!--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
10 Skip a Rope--Henson Cargill
Pick of the Week: Brown-Eyed Handsome Man--Jerry Jaye
New this week: The Mighty Quinn--Manfred Mann
By the Time I Get to Phoenix--Joann Moore
The Lovin' Things--Bobby Rydell
Heaven is In Your Mind--Traffic
Walk Away Renee--The Four Tops

30 years ago
1978

Football

The Canadian Football League governors, meeting in Toronto, approved the sale of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats from Michael DeGroote to Harold Ballard, owner of the Toronto Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League.

20 years ago
1988

Olympics

In men's hockey, Canada defeated Switzerland 4-2 at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary.

Hit parade
Canada's top 5
1 Pop Goes the World--Men Without Hats
2 Got My Mind Set on You--George Harrison
3 Could've Been--Tiffany
4 Faith--George Michael
5 The Way You Make me Feel--Michael Jackson

February 15, 2008

110 years ago
1898

Disasters

The U.S. Battleship Maine blew up in the harbour of Havana, Cuba, with the loss of 260 lives. Spain was accused of the deed, although that was never proven. The incident (accompanied by the slogan "Remember the Maine!") was one of the causes of the Spanish-American War which broke out two months later.

75 years ago
1933


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Noble Bachelor

Crime
At 9:15 P.M. Eastern Time, while shaking hands with President-elect Franklin Roosevelt at Bayfront Park in Miami, Florida, Anton Cermak, mayor of Chicago, was shot by Giuseppe Zangara, a 5'1" naturalized Italian atheist and registered Republican. Mr. Roosevelt had just finished an eight-minute speech when Mr. Zangara fired five shots. Five others were wounded, one of them, a Mrs. Mabel Gill, seriously.

None of the victims were closer than 30 feet to Mr. Roosevelt at the time, but they were only two or three feet away from Mr. Cermak.
For the rest of his life, Mr. Roosevelt believed that Mr. Zangara was "a Chicago gangster" who had been sent to kill Mr. Cermak because of the mayor's intention to clean up the city's corruption and violence.

On the way to the hospital, Mr. Roosevelt cradled Mr. Cermak's head in his hands, and murmured words of encouragement to him that helped keep Mr. Cermak from going into shock. Mr. Roosevelt also had the car stop twice to pick up other wounded people.

Mr. Roosevelt stayed at the hospital for four hours, visited the victims, and returned to the hospital the next day with flowers and baskets of fruit.

60 years ago
1948

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes on MBS, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley
Tonight's episode: The Case of Shoscombe Old Place

40 years ago
1968

World events

United States special envoy Cyrus Vance returned to Washington from South Korea and reported to President Lyndon Johnson. Before Mr. Vance left Seoul, a joint statement was issued by him and the South Koran government which noted increasing North Korean belligerency. The statement indicated at least a temporary rejection by the U.S. of South Korean demands for major U.S. strikes against any new North Korean aggression.

Olympics
Rossland B.C.'s Nancy Greene, representing Canada, won the gold medal in the women's giant slalom at Grenoble, two days after winning the silver in the slalom. Annie Famose of France won the silver medal, and Fernande Bochatay of Switzerland took the bronze.

30 years ago
1978

Boxing

At Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas, Nevada, Leon Spinks took the world heavyweight title from Muhammad Ali with a 15-round decision. It marked the first time since Jack Sharkey's controversial win over Max Schmeling in 1932 that the world heavyweight title had changed hands on a decision.

20 years ago
1988

Olympics

Czechoslovakia defeated the United States 7-5 in men's hockey at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary.

10 years ago
1998

Olympics

At Nagano, Edmonton's Pierre Lueders and Charlottetown native Dave MacEachern tied with the Italian team for the gold medal in 2-man bobsled. In men's hockey, Canada defeated the United States 4-1.

The Sandra Schmirler rink from Regina, representing Canada, won the first gold medal ever presented for women's curling when they defeated Denmark 7-5 in the final. The other members of the rink were Jan Betker, Joan McCusker, Marcia Gudereit, and Atina Ford.

Auto racing
Seven time NASCAR champion Dale Earnhardt picked up his only victory in the Daytona 500.

Wednesday, 13 February 2008

February 14, 2008

75 years ago
1933

Died on this date
Ernie Schaaf, 24
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Schaaf was a heavyweight contender who died four days after being knocked out in the 13th round by Primo Carnera at Madison Square Garden, New York. Mr. Schaaf's death was largely attributed to damage received in a loss to Max Baer on August 31, 1932; Mr. Baer knocked Mr. Schaaf out cold with a punch that he landed with two seconds left in the fight, and Mr. Schaaf was saved by the bell from being officially knocked out. However, some reports indicate that in the months between the fights, Mr. Schaaf had suffered from a bad case of influenza, resulting in meningitis.

60 years ago
1948

Died on this date
Mordecai "Three Finger" Brown, 71
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Brown's nickname derived from a childhood farm accident. In 14 years in the major leagues from 1903-1916, mostly with the Chicago Cubs, Mr. Brown won 239 games and lost 129. His career earned run average of 2.06 is the third best in history. Mr. Brown posted six straight seasons of 20 or more wins from 1906-1911; in 1906 he went 26-6, and led the league with a 1.04 ERA. Mr. Brown was a key member of the Cubs teams that won the National League pennant in 1906, and the World Series in 1907 and 1908, and went 17-8 for the Chicago Whales when they won the Federal League pennant in 1915. Three Finger Brown was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1949.

50 years ago
1958

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: The Story of My Life--Michael Holliday

World events
The Arab Federation, a confederation of Iraq and Jordan, was formed when King Faisal II of Iraq and his cousin, King Hussein of Jordan, sought to unite their two Hashemite kingdoms, as a response to the formation of the United Arab Republic (Egypt and Syria) on February 1.

30 years ago
1978

On the radio

In Calgary, the CBS Radio Mystery Theater version of The Speckled Band, starring Kevin McCarthy as Sherlock Holmes and Court Benson as Dr. Watson, was broadcast on CFCN. It originally aired on CBS on June 28, 1977.

25 years ago
1983

Died on this date
Lloyd "Sonny" Dove, 37
. U.S. basketball player. He was a star with St. John's University from 1964-67, then played for the Detroit Pistons in the NBA from 1967-69, and the New York Nets of the ABA from 1969-72. Mr. Dove was killed in a car accident.

20 years ago
1988

Movies

The Garbo/Dietrich film festival at the University of Western Ontario concluded with screenings of two silent films: Gosta Berling's Saga, a Swedish Greta Garbo feature from 1924, and Die Frau, a German film starring Marlene Dietrich, from 1929.

The print of Die Frau, with German titles, was from the collection of American film historian William K. Everson, who hosted the festival. According to Professor Everson, this was one of just two prints of the film known to exist. When Die Frau was released in the United States, it was under the title of Three Loves.

Olympics
Canada defeated Poland 1-0 in men's hockey at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary.

February 13, 2008

175 years ago
1833

Canadiana

Hamilton, Ontario was incorporated as a city.

80 years ago
1928

Adventure

Two men, C. Gay and E. Lucas of Toronto, crossed the ice bridge in the Niagara Gorge from Canada to the United States. The last time anyone had tried this was on Feb. 4, 1912, when three died in the attempt.

50 years ago
1958

Figure skating

Canadians Barbara Wagner and Robert Paul won the second of four straight pairs championships at the world championships in Paris.
Teammates Maria and Otto Jelinek finished third.

40 years ago
1968

Olympics

Nancy Greene of Rossland, British Columbia, reperesenting Canada, won the silver medal in the women's slalom at Grenoble. France's Marielle Goitschel and Annie Famose won the gold and bronze, respectively.

Died on this date
Mae Marsh, 73
. U.S. movie actress. She began her career working for Mack Sennett and D.W. Griffith, appearing in such films as The Birth of a Nation and Intolerance. Miss Marsh appeared in many movies directed by John Ford, often in uncredited bit parts. Her last role was an uncredited appearance in Mr. Ford's western Cheyenne Autumn, released in 1964.

30 years ago
1978

On the radio

In Calgary, CFCN began carrying the CBS Radio Mystery Theater, every night of the week except Saturday at 11:10 P.M. The CFCN broadcasts were several months behind the original broadcasts on CBS; in fact, CBS was never mentioned (it was billed as the "CFCN Mystery Theatre"). The episode that was actually broadcast on CBS that night was Night Eyes, about a ringer horse.

25 years ago
1983

Disasters

In Turin, Italy, a fire in a movie theatre killed 74 people. This was one time when yelling "Fire!" in a crowded theatre wouldn't have been illegal.

20 years ago
1988

Olympics

The opening ceremonies for the Winter Olympics were held at McMahon Stadium in Calgary, Alberta.

Movies
Noted American film historian William K. Everson was in London, Ontario, showing films from his collection featuring Greta Garbo and Marlene Dietrich. Today's screenings, at the University Community Centre, were The Blue Angel (Dietrich) and Ninotchka (Garbo).

February 12, 2008

110 years ago
1898

Born on this date
Roy Harris
. U.S. composer. Mr. Harris composed over 170 works, many of them on American themes. His Symphony 1933, sometimes referred to as Symphony No. 1, received its premiere performance in 1934 with the Boston Symphony Orchestra under conductor Serge Koussevitsky. A week after the premiere, the symphony became the first American symphony to be commercially recorded. Mr. Harris's best-known work was Symphony No. 3, which premiered with the Boston Symphony Orchestra, again under Mr. Koussevitsky, in 1939. Mr. Harris lived long enough to receive a commission for a Bicentennial Symphony, but the work was panned by critics upon its 1976 premiere for dwelling on slavery and the Civil War instead of celebrating the 200th anniversary of American independence. Roy Harris died on October 1, 1979 at the age of 81.

100 years ago
1908

Auto racing

The Great Auto Race from New York to Paris began. Six cars, representing four nations (United States, France, Germany) started the race in front of 250,000 spectators in New York's Times Square.
The Thomas Flyer represented the United States; the Protos represented Germany, and the Briax-Zust was the Italian car. France had three cars in the race: the De Dion-Bouton, Moto Bloc, and Sizaire-Naudin. The cars headed west and north across the United States before crossing the Pacific Ocean.
For more information, go to www.thegreatautorace.com or www.thegreatestautorace.com .

Politics
Theo Heemskerk of the Anti-Revolutionaire Partij took office as Prime Minister of the Netherlands.

70 years ago
1938

Diplomacy

Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg visited Adolf Hitler at the German Chancellor's retreat at Berchtesgaden, Bavaria. Mr. Hitler threatened to use military action against Austria if Mr. Schuschnigg didn't lift the ban on political parties, reinstate full party freedoms, release all imprisoned members of the Nazi party and let them participate in the Austrian government. Mr. Schuschnigg complied with Mr. Hitler's demands and appointed pro-Nazi lawyer Arthur Seyss-Inquart as Interior Minister and Nazi Edmund Glaise-Horstenau as minister without portfolio.

25 years ago
1983

Died on this date
Eubie Blake, 96
. U.S. musician and composer. The ragtime pianist and composer of such songs as I'm Just Wild About Harry died just 5 days after celebrating his 100th birthday (which was actually his 96th birthday). Mr. Blake was one of the first people to appear in sound films, performing in several musical shorts as early as 1922.

Weather
A blizzard that began the previous day paralyzed the eastern United States from North Carolina to Maine, leaving up to 35 inches of snow. Thousands were standed, and 11 died. Philadelphia reported a record of 21.3 inches of accumulation of snow, and the storm in New York was regarded as the worst since 1947.

Tuesday, 12 February 2008

February 11, 2008

80 years ago
1928

Olympics

The second Winter Olympics opened at St. Moritz, Switzerland.

Aviation
French aviators Dieudonne Costes and Joseph Lebrix flew from Washington, D.C. to Mitchell Field, Long Island, ending their 23,000-mile flight in the Breguet biplane Nungesser-Coli from Paris via Africa, the South Atlantic, and South and Central America.

30 years ago
1978

Disasters

A Pacific Western Airlines Boeing 737 crashed while landing at Cranbrook, British Columbia, killing 43. The plane crashed into a snowplow on the runway.

Skiing
Ken Read of Calgary won the men's World Cup downhill race at Chamonix, France. It was Mr. Read's second career win, and his first since 1975.

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.: Stayin' Alive--Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

25 years ago
1983

Politics

Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon resigned his position, the day after the cabinet accepted the report of a state commission of inquiry concerning the massacre in 1982 of several hundred Palestinian refugees in Beirut.

The commission blamed the Christian Phalangist militia for the deaths, but faulted Israeli officials for not foreseeing the killings or making a serious effort to stop them. The commission redommended the removal of Maj. Gen. Yehoshua Saguy, director of military intelligence, and Brig. Gen. Amos Yaron, a field commander, and criticized Lt. Gen. Rafael Eytan. Prime Minister Menachem Begin was criticized only for not taking a more direct interest in the situation in West Beirut.

20 years ago
1988

Crime

Testifying before a U.S. Senate subcommittee, accountant Ramon Milan Rodriguez said that he had laundered $11 billion from the Medellin drug cartel through Panamanian banks, with the help of dictator Gen. Manuel Noriega. Mr. Rodriguez said that some of the money went to the Contras in Nicaragua.

10 years ago
1998

Politics

The United States Senate defeated a bill that would have banned human cloning. The Republican measure aroused concerns over the effect such a bill would have on scientific research.

Law
Golfer Casey Martin won his suit under the Americans With Disabilities Act for the right to use a golf cart in professional tournaments. The professional golf establishment had opposed Martin, arguing that being able to walk around the course was a requirement for professional golfers. Martin suffered from a disability in one leg that made walking difficult and painful. His golf career has since gone nowhere.