Friday, 31 May 2013

May 31, 2013

790 years ago
1223


War
Mongol armies of Genghis Khan led by Subutai defeated Kievan Rus' and Cumans in the Battle of the Kalka River.

200 years ago
1813


Exploration
In Australia, William Lawson, Gregory Blaxland and William Wentworth reached Mount Blaxland, effectively marking the end of a route across the Blue Mountains.

80 years ago
1933


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Corpse in the Cab

75 years ago
1938

Baseball

At Yankee Stadium, Jimmie Foxx hit a grand slam off New York pitcher Joe Beggs‚ the first of three he hit off Mr. Beggs that season‚ but the Yankees prevailed 12-5. Lou Gehrig played his 2‚000th consecutive game and had an RBI single.

70 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Don't Want to Walk Without You--Kate Smith and Bing Crosby (4th month at #1)

Politics and government
Ernest Manning, 34, officially took office as Premier of Alberta, replacing William Aberhart, who had died on May 23.

50 years ago
1963


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): In Dreams--Roy Orbison (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Sukiyaki--Kyu Sakamoto (2nd week at #1)
2 Bachelor Boy--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
3 Summer Holiday--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
4 It's My Party--Lesley Gore
5 Little Latin Lupe Lu--The Righteous Brothers
6 Da Doo Ron Ron--The Crystals
7 Gypsy Woman--Rick Nelson
8 Dancing Shoes--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
9 Surfin' U.S.A.--Beach Boys
9 How Do You Do It--Gerry and the Pacemakers

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): See My Baby Jive--Wizzard

Space
The crew of the U.S. space station mission Skylab 1 detected a "big hole" in the sun's corona.

War
The United States Senate voted to cut off funds for the bombing of Cambodia despite pleas from national security adviser Dr. Henry Kissinger.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Richard Nixon and French President Georges Pompidou met in Reykjavik, Iceland to begin two days of talks.

Disasters
An Indian Airlines jet approaching Palam Airport in New Delhi crashed into a residential area, killing 48 of 65 passengers.

Football
The latest additions to the Canadian Football Hall of Fame were builder Moe Lieberman and players Leo Lewis and Russ Jackson.

30 years ago
1983


Died on this date
Jack Dempsey, 87
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Dempsey, "The Manassa Mauler," was one of the people who made the 1920s the so-called "Golden Age of Sport." He won the world heavyweight title with a devastating 3-round knockout of Jess Willard on July 4, 1919. A string of successful defenses followed through 1923. Mr. Dempsey’s 4-round knockout of light heavyweight champion Georges Carpentier at Boyle’s City Acres in Jersey City, New Jersey on July 2, 1921 was the first major sports event ever broadcast on radio, and provided boxing with its first $1 million gate. 80,000 people were in attendance, producing gate receipts of almost $1.8 million. In contrast, Mr. Dempsey’s 15-round decision over Tom Gibbons on July 4, 1923 nearly bankrupted the host town of Shelby, Montana. On September 14, 1923, 82,000 came to the Polo Grounds in New York to see Mr. Dempsey fight Argentinian Luis Angel Firpo, "The Wild Bull of the Pampas." In a wild first round, Mr. Dempsey was knocked out of the ring, but was (illegally) helped into the ring by writers at ringside. Mr. Dempsey knocked out Mr. Firpo in round 2. This fight produced another $1 million gate. Mr. Dempsey was inactive in the ring from 1923-1926. A major black challenger, Harry Wills, was unsuccessful in attempts to arrange a title bout. Finally, on September 23, 1926, 120,757 spectators filled Sesquicentennial Stadium in Philadelphia to see challenger Gene Tunney outpoint Mr. Dempsey over 10 rounds to win the belt. The gate was almost $1.9 million, just beating the 1921 record. Another $1 million gate resulted from Mr. Dempsey’s fight against Jack Sharkey at Yankee Stadium in New York on July 21, 1927. In the 7th round, Mr. Dempsey landed a low blow; when Mr. Sharkey turned to the referee to complain, Mr. Dempsey knocked him out. A rematch with Mr. Tunney took place at Soldier Field in Chicago on September 22, 1927. 104, 943 spectators produced a gate of more than $2.6 million, a record that stood for decades. In the 7th round, Mr. Dempsey knocked Mr. Tunney down. According to a rule just recently adopted, Mr. Dempsey was required to go to a neutral corner during the count. Mr. Dempsey remained in the middle of the ring, and the referee refused to begin his count until Mr. Dempsey went to a neutral corner. Mr. Tunney rose at the count of 9, although he had been on the floor for as long as 14 seconds, by some estimates. "The Battle of the Long Count" concluded with Mr. Tunney retaining his title with another 10-round decision. Jack Dempsey retired from boxing several months later after compiling a record of 65 wins, 6 losses, 11 draws, and 1 no contest, but remained in the public eye as a successful restaurateur in New York for several decades.

Disasters
Hundreds of people were evacuated from Bountiful and Farmington, Utah, where many homes had been destroyed by mud slides. In Salt Lake City, sandbags were used to turn streets into canals to facilitate removal of the water.

Basketball
Basketball
NBA Finals
Philadelphia 115 @ Los Angeles Lakers 108 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Julius Erving's 3-point shot with 59 seconds remaining gave the 76ers an insurmountable lead as they defeated the Lakers before before 17,505 fans at The Forum in Inglewood, California to win their first NBA championship since 1967. It was the third NBA championship for the 76ers, who lost only 1 game in 3 playoff series in 1983; their first title came in 1955, when they were the Syracuse Nationals. Philadelphia centre Moses Malone was named the finals' Most Valuable Player. It was the last time that the finals ended in the month of May.

25 years ago
1988

Diplomacy

U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev continued their summit in Moscow. After their morning meeting, the two men strolled through Red Square, and President Reagan lunched with Soviet cultural leaders and intellectuals. He then addressed the students of Moscow State University, calling on them to have faith that changes afoot in the Soviet Union would bring benefits to their society.

Law
The Canadian House of Commons passed bills to phase out tobacco advertising, restrict smoking in workplaces under federal jurisdiction, and ensure smoke-free areas in passenger planes, trains, buses, and ships.

Baseball
Jeff Pico threws a 4-hit, 4-0 shutout against the Cincinnati Reds to win his major league debut with the Chicago Cubs. He was the first Cubs’ pitcher to debut with a shutout since Bill Lee in 1934.

New York Yankees’ starting pitcher Al Leiter made one pitch before leaving the game. Oakland Athletics’ leadoff hitter Carney Lansford hit the first pitch off Mr. Leiter for a hit‚ and Mr. Leiter was replaced by reliever Neil Allen. Mr. Allen gave up just 3 hits in 9 innings to record a 5-0 shutout for New York. Mike Pagliarulo hit a 2-run home run off Steve Ontiveros to supply Mr. Allen with all the runs he needed.

20 years ago
1993


Economics and finance
The Canadian International Trade Tribunal ruled that Canada's steel producers were not being harmed by steel imports from the United States or any other countries named in the complaints filed. Temporary duties on the commodity were lifted as a result of the decision, although Canadian steel producers vowed to appeal the decision.

10 years ago
2003


Diplomacy
U.S. President George W. Bush arrived in Poland to begin a trip to Europe and the Middle East aimed at improving relations with Europe and promoting his "road map" to peace in the Middle East.

Crime
Eric Rudolph, accused of planting a bomb in downtown Atlanta during the 1996 Summer Olympic games, and of attacks on abortion clinics and a sodomite nightclub, was arrested in Murphy, North Carolina. A woman had been killed in the Olympic Park bombing, and a police officer had been killed in another of the attacks attributed to Mr. Rudolph, who had long been the subject of a manhunt by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (0-1) 17 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 51

Thursday, 30 May 2013

May 30, 2013

420 years ago
1593


Died on this date
Christopher Marlowe, 29
. English playwright. Born the same year as William Shakespeare, Mr. Marlowe wrote such plays as Tamburlaine (Parts 1 and 2) (c. 1587-1588); The Jew of Malta (c. 1589); The Tragicall History of the Life and Death of Doctor Faustus (c. 1589 or 1593); and Edward II (c. 1592). He was stabbed to death by Ingram Frizer, several days after being arrested, apparently for blasphemy. Conspiracy theories abound.

230 years ago
1783

Journalism

The Pennsylvania Evening Post, the first daily newspaper in the United States, began publication.

130 years ago
1883


Disasters
In New York City, a rumour that the Brooklyn Bridge was going to collapse caused a stampede that crushed 12 people.

Baseball
It was a busy and confusing Decoration Day of American Association baseball. As part of a unique Memorial Day doubleheader‚ the Cincinnati Red Stockings played in two different cities. The Red Stockings started a 9:30 a.m. game at New York's Polo Grounds‚ losing 1-0 to the Metropolitans‚ then travelled by train to Philadelphia where they fared better‚ scoring twice in the final frame and beating the Athletics 10-8 in 11 innings. The Red Stockings played the Athletics in Philadelphia the previous day. The Metropolitans‚ after beating Cincinnati in the a.m. game‚ whipped the Columbus Buckeyes 12-5 in an afternoon game. (This was on the western diamond of the original Polo Grounds on 110th Street‚ just north of the Polo Grounds. At the same time on the eastern diamond‚ the New York Gothams of the National League were playing a doubleheader against the Detroit Wolverines‚ splitting 2-5 and 4-8. Between games of the New York-Detroit doubleheader‚ the first of which started at 10 a.m.‚ was a game between Yale and Princeton to decide the college championship). Columbus was the loser on the day‚ dropping an a.m. game in Philadelphia 8-5. Meanwhile‚ the Cleveland Blues of the National League lost 3-1 to the Beaneaters in Boston in the morning‚ then travelled to Providence to beat the Grays 5-2. The Buffalo Bisons lost to Providence 4-2 in the morning‚ then took the train to Boston to lose 2-1 in the afternoon. The Chicago White Stockings had the easiest of the day's doubleheaders‚ feasting on the Philadelphia Quakers 15-8 and 22-4. In the second game‚ the White Stockings scored 7 runs in the 1st inning and 9 runs in the 5th as Mike Kelly‚ Fred Pfeffer‚ and Tommy Burns made 3 hits apiece.

100 years ago
1913


War
The Treaty of London, 1913, was signed by Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, Montenegro, Italy, Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire, ending the First Balkan War.

Auto racing
Jules Goux of France became the first non-American driver to win the Indianapolis 500. His average speed was 75.933 miles per hour.

90 years ago
1923


Auto racing
Tommy Milton, who had won the Indianapolis 500 in 1921, became the first driver to win the race more than once. His average speed was 90.95 miles per hour. Howdy Wilcox relieved Mr. Milton from laps 103-151.

80 years ago
1933


Died on this date
Burley Byers, 55. U.S. baseball player. On June 17, 1899, Mr. Byers, a native of Louisville, Kentucky, played his only major league game as a shortstop with the Louisville Colonels. He went 0 for 3 at bat, and made 2 putouts, 1 assist, and 2 errors in the field.

Mark Billman, 28. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Billman died in hospital an hour after crashing on the 79th lap of the Indianapolis 500. His left arm was torn off, and both his legs were broken. It took rescue workers 20 minutes to get him out of the car. He placed 30th in the race.

Lester Spangler, 27. U.S. auto racing driver; Monk Jordan. U.S. auto mechanic. Mr. Spangler, the driver, and Mr. Jordan, his riding mechanic, were killed in a crash on the 132nd lap of the Indianapolis 500. Their car hit that driven by Malcolm Fox head-on at 100 miles per hour, ejecting Messrs. Spangler and Jordan. He placed 26th in the race.

Auto racing
Louis Meyer won the Indianapolis 500 for the second time, with an average speed of 104.162 miles per hour, a record at the time.

Baseball
Dale Alexander of the Boston Red Sox suffered a career-shortening injury when he twisted his knee sliding into home in the second game of a doubleheader loss to the Philadelphia Athletics. The first baseman undersent a new therapy‚ diathermy‚ which led to third degree burns‚ gangrene and the near loss of his leg. The previous year’s batting champion will hit just .281 in 1933, and left the major leagues with a career mark of .331. He continued his career in the minor leagues. The Athletics won 7-3 behind the relief pitching of Lefty Grove‚ then 11-8 in 12 innings‚ with Mr. Grove throwing scoreless 10th and 11th innings. Lloyd Brown went all the way for the Red Sox before tiring and walking three and giving up a pair of singles in the 12th.

Detroit outfielder John Stone became the first major leaguer to collect 6 long hits in a regulation length doubleheader‚ as he banged out 4 doubles and 2 home runs for the Tigers in a split with the St. Louis Browns. National Leaguers Chick Hafey and Mel Ott had collected 6 long hits‚ but their games ran more than regulation length. The Tigers took the opener‚ 8-6‚ then dropped the second game 3-1.

75 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Raden Sutomo, 49
. Indonesian nationalist. Dr. Sutomo, a key founder of the nationalist movement Boedi Oetomo, espoused the radical idea that Islam detracted from nationalism. He became leader of the nationalists when Sukarno’s radical rhetoric led to his internment. Dr. Sutomo advocated a dual program of social welfare and political progress. Under his auspices, and despite police surveillance, his study clubs worked to increase literacy, and establish schools and cooperatives. In 1931, he established the Indonesian People’s Party (P.B.I.), a group looked upon with suspicion by the Dutch government. Four years later, the BO and the PBI merged to form Parindra with Dr. Sutomo as chairman.

Everett Spence, 33. U.S. accident victim. Mr. Spence was a spectator at the Indianapolis 500 auto race who died after being struck by the right front wheel of the car driven by Emil Andres, who had crashed into a wall on the 45th lap. The wheel travelled 100 feet through the air before hitting Mr. Spence.

Auto racing
Floyd Roberts started from the pole position and led 92 laps as he won the Indianapolis 500 with an average speed of 117.200 miles per hour, a record at the time. Defending champion Wilbur Shaw finished second.

Baseball
The largest crowd in Yankee Stadium history‚ 83‚533‚ saw Red Ruffing end Lefty Grove's 8-game winning streak in a 10-0 victory over the Boston Red Sox. 6,000 fans were turned away‚ and 511 were given refunds because there was no place to sit. The Yankees also took the second game of the doubleheader 5-4‚ in a game made famous for a fight between Yankees’ outfielder Jake Powell and Boston player-manager Joe Cronin. The brawl started when Boston pitcher Archie McKain hit Mr. Powell with a pitch in the stomach. Mr. Powell's charge to the mound was intercepted by Mr. Cronin and the two pummelled each other for 2-3 minutes. Mr. Cronin and Mr. Powell were ejected, but continued the fight in the area beneath the stands‚ until they were separated by Yankee players. Both players were fined and suspended for 10 days.

Rudy York hit his third grand slam of the month‚ as the Detroit Tigers beat the St. Louis Browns 10-9 in the first game of a holiday pair.

60 years ago
1953


Hit Parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Till I Waltz Again with You--Teresa Brewer (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Song from Moulin Rouge (Where is Your Heart)--Percy Faith and his Orchestra (Best seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Jukebox--2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Song from Moulin Rouge (Where is Your Heart)--Percy Faith and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)
--[Mantovani and his Orchestra]
2 April in Portugal--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
--[Ralph Marterie and his "Down Beat" Orchestra]
3 Ruby--Richard Hayman and his Orchestra
4 I'm Walking Behind You--Eddie Fisher
5 I Believe--Frankie Laine
--[Jane Froman]
6 Say You're Mine Again--Perry Como
7 Pretend--Nat "King" Cole
8 Anna--Silvana Mangano
9 The Doggie in the Window--Patti Page
10 The Ho Ho Song--Red Buttons

Singles entering the chart were My Flaming Heart (#15)/I am in Love (#36) by Nat "King" Cole; Terry's Theme from "Limelight" by Frank Chacksfield and his Orchestra (#21); (How Much is) That Hound Dog in the Window by Homer and Jethro (#22); The Breeze (That's Bringin' My Honey Back to Me) by Trudy Richards (#26); Say Si Si by the Mills Brothers (#31); P.S. I Love You by the Hilltoppers (#32); and Send My Baby Back to Me by Judy Garland (#38).

Died on this date
Dooley Wilson, 67
. U.S. actor and singer. Mr. Wilson was best known for his performance as Sam, the pianist in the movie Casablanca (1942).

Carl Scarborough, 38. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Scarborough, who had been relieved by Bob Scott for 121 laps, finished 12th in the Indianapolis 500, 10 laps behind winner Bill Vukovich. The temperature on the racetrack exceeded 130 F., and Mr. Scarborough was one of 11 drivers who required relief. At the conclusion of the race, Mr. Scarborough was taken to the infield hospital, where he died of heat prostration.

Literature
The May 30 issue of Collier's magazine contained the short story The Adventure of the Gold Hunter by Adrian Conan Doyle and John Dickson Carr, the third in a series known as The Exploits of Sherlock Holmes.

Auto racing
Bill Vukovich won the Indianapolis 500 with an average speed of 128.740 miles per hour.

50 years ago
1963


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): From Me to You--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

Protest
A protest by members of South Vietnam's majority Buddhist population against pro-Catholic discrimination was held outside the country's National Assembly, the first open demonstration during the eight-year rule of President Ngo Dinh Diem.

Auto racing
Parnelli Jones won the Indianapolis 500 with an average speed of 143.137 miles per hour, a record at the time.

40 years ago
1973


Died on this date
Armando Teran, 22
. Mr. Teran was a member of the pit crew of Graham McRae, a driver in the Indianapolis 500 auto race. He was struck by a fire truck while running to the scene of the crash of Swede Savage on the 59th lap of the race.

Diplomacy
West Germany and Czechoslovakia completed negotiations on a treaty to re-establish normal relations, ending 35 years of hostility.

Auto racing
Gordon Johncock won the Indianapolis 500 with an average speed of 159.014 miles per hour in a race that was called after 133 laps (332.5 miles) because of rain. The race was marred by the crash of Swede Savage on the 59th lap and the death of pit worker Armando Teran as he was running toward the scene. Mr. Savage, who had led the race for 12 laps, died on July 2 after contracting Hepatitis B from a blood transfusion in hospital.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Total Eclipse of the Heart--Bonnie Tyler

Died on this date
Alfred Gruenther, 84
. U.S. general. General Gruenther was the youngest Major General in World War II and later served as Supreme Allied Commander in Europe from 1953-1956.

Economics and finance
In the final statement of the Williamsburg summit, the leaders pledged to further the economic recovery by resisting protectionism and by encouraging development of new technologies. High interest rates and budget deficits in the United States were criticized by the other leaders as major factors in the economic difficulties. The leaders supported an increase in the resources of the International Monetary Fund to help developing countries deal with their mounting debts. The nations represented at the summit were the United States, Canada, Britain, Japan, Italy, France, and West Germany.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Flame--Cheap Trick

Died on this date
Ella Raines, 67
. U.S. actress. Among Miss Raines’ movies were The Suspect (1944); Hail the Conquering Hero (1944); Phantom Lady (1944); Brute Force (1947); and Impact (1949).

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan and U.S.S.R. leader Mikhail Gorbachev continued their summit in Moscow. Mr. Gorbachev proposed that the size of the NATO and Warsaw Pact forces be gradually reduced to about 500,000 on each side, or an approximate 50% cut. Progress was reported after the meeting on reducing long-range nuclear weapons. In a speech at a monastery and at a meeting with Soviet dissidents, President Reagan returned to the theme of human rights. The Reagans were guests of the Gorbachevs at a state dinner that evening.

World events
France’s Defense Minister said that several commandos who had rescued 23 French hostages from Melanesian separatist guerrillas on the island of New Caledonia on May 5 had committed "acts contrary to military duty."

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What is Love--Haddaway (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Informer--Snow (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): In Your Eyes--Niamh Kavanagh (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: All that She Wants--Ace of Base (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Sun Ra, 79
. U.S. musician. Born Herman Pole Blount, Sun Ra was known for composing and performing various genres of jazz. He was a pioneer of electronic music and was one of the first musicians to make extensive use of electronic keyboards. Sun Ra claimed to have been teleported to Saturn in 1936 or 1937, an experience that influenced the rest of his life.

Auto racing
Emerson Fittipaldi won the Indianapolis 500 for the second time with an average speed of 157.207 miles per hour.

10 years ago
2003


Died on this date
Mickie Most, 64
. U.K. singer and music producer. Mr. Most, born Michael Peter Hayes in Aldershot, Hampshire, England, Mr. Most moved to South Africa and sang lead with a group named Mickie Most and the Playboys, recording 11 consecutive #1 singles in South Africa. After returning to England in 1962, Mr. Most became a producer, and produced a string of hit singles for artists such as the Animals, Herman's Hermits, and Donovan.

Abominations
At least 70 people associated with the National League for Democracy in Myanmar were killed by a government-sponsored mob in Depayin. Aung San Suu Kyi, the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize winner, fled the scene but was arrested soon afterwards and was held in "protective custody."

War
British Prime Minister Tony Blair denied that intelligence about Iraq's chemical and biological weapons was distorted or exaggerated to justify an attack on Iraq. U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell also denied such accusations in a similar speech that day.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 8,850 points, up 4.4% since May 1.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (0-1) 19 @ Ottawa (1-0) 21

Tuesday, 28 May 2013

May 29, 2013

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Cathy Brown!

1,650 years ago
363


War
Roman Emperor Julian defeated the Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Sassanid capital, but was unable to take the city.

560 years ago
1453


Died on this date
Constantine XI Palaiologos, 49
. Byzantine emperor, 1449-1453. Constantine succeeded John VIII Palaiologos as Emperor, but was killed in battle when Constantinople fell to the Ottoman army, ending the Byzantine Empire.

War
Ottoman armies under Sultan Mehmed II Fatih captured Constantinople after a 53-day siege, ending the Byzantine Empire.

420 years ago
1593


Died on this date
John Penry, 34 (?)
. Welsh-born English Protestant martyr. Mr. Penry printed tracts that were distributed in Wales, but earned the enmity of Archbishop of Canterbury John Whitgift for not printing enough Bibles to supply the demand in Wales, and he was hanged eight days after being convicted of sedition.

340 years ago
1673


Canadiana
Louis de Buade et de Palluau, Count Frontenac, issued a proclamation giving the Récollet fathers land on the St. Charles River.

280 years ago
1733


Law
Gilles Hocquart, Intendant of New France, upheld the right of Canadians to have Indians as slaves and to sell them.

200 years ago
1813


War
In the War of 1812, British forces led by the new Commodore of Provincial Marine, James Yeo, raided Isaac Chauncey's naval base at Sackett's Harbour, New York, with Roger Sheaffe, but were forced to withdraw by U.S. forces commanded by Brigadier Jacob Brown.

175 years ago
1838


Terrorism
Pirate Bill Johnston attacked and burned the Canadian steamer Sir Robert Peel off Wellesley Island in the Thousand Islands in Upper Canada.

Politics and government
John George Lambton, Lord Durham, landed at Quebec. He had been appointed Governor by British Prime Minister Lord Melbourne to investigate Canadian colonial grievances after the rebellions of 1837.

125 years ago
1883

Politics and government

Frank Oliver was elected to represent the city of Edmonton on the Northwest Territories Council.

100 years ago
1913


Ballet
Le Sacre du Printemps (The Rite of Spring), with a score by Igor Stravinsky and choregraphy by Vaslav Nijinsky, received its premiere performance at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris, provoking a near-riot by the audience.

70 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): That Old Black Magic--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra

60 years ago
1953


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Believe--Frankie Laine (6th week at #1)

On television tonight
Tales of Tomorrow, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Lazarus Walks, starring Olive Deering, William Prince, and Joseph Wiseman

Died on this date
Man Mountain Dean, 61
. U.S. wrestler. Born Frank Leavitt, Mr. Dean wrestled professionally in the 1920s and '30s and appeared in a number of movies, initially a s a stunt double, and eventually as himself.

Exploration
Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay became the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

50 years ago
1963


Canadiana
The National Museum of Canada opened its Hall of the Canadian Eskimos exhibit.

Hockey
WHL
The Edmonton Flyers and Calgary Stampeders were each granted a leave of absence from the Western Hockey League. The Flyers were the farm team of the Detroit Red Wings and the Stampeders were the farm team of the Chicago Black Hawks, but relations between the Edmonton and Calgary clubs and their respective parent clubs had soured in recent years. The leaves of absence from the WHL turned out to be permanent, and professional hockey didn't return to Edmonton until the Alberta Oilers began play in the World Hockey Association in 1972. Professional hockey returned to Calgary when the WHA's Vancouver Blazers moved there in 1975, and the team played two seasons as the Cowboys before folding after the 1976-77 season.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Der Junge mit der Mundharmonika--Bernd Clüver (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
P. Ramlee, 44
. Malaysian actor, director, singer, and songwriter. Mr. Ramlee directed and acted in 66 movies, and recorded more than 360 songs. He died of a heart attack at a time when he was penniless and no longer in fashion.

World events
Greek newspapers reported that the country's military-backed government would soon abolish the Greek monarchy by decree, not by referendum as had originally been reported.

War
Canada announced that it would withdraw from the International Control Commission (ICCS) truce observance force in Vietnam by July 31, two months after the end of the initial 60-day period.

Law
The Canadian House of Commons voted 138-114 in favourr of extending a partial ban on capital punishment for five more years, with capital punishment to be enforced only for murderers of policemen and prison guards.

Politics and government
Tom Bradley, 55, defeated incumbent Sam Yorty by a wide margin to become the first Negro to be elected mayor of Los Angeles. Mr. Bradley was a 21-year veteran of teh Los Angeles Police Department.

Auto racing
The day after the Indianapolis 500 had been stopped seconds after the start because of an 11-car pileup resulting in serious injuries to driver Salt Walther, it was raining heavily in Indianapolis, forcing a postponement of the restart of the race until the following day.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Bruttosozialprodukt--Geier Sturzflug (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
At the Williamsburg summit of western democracies (U.S.A.; Canada; Britain; Japan; West Germany; Italy; France), U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz issued a statement supported by all of the countries, affirming their desire to reduce armaments through negotiations. The statement warned that U.S. medium-range missiles would be deployed in western Europe if no accord were reached with the Soviet Union on arms limitation.

Auto racing
Perennial bridesmaid Tom Sneva finally won the Indianapolis 500. Mr. Sneva, who had finished second in 1977, 1978, and 1980, took the checkered flag with an average speed of 162.117 miles per hour. Al Unser, who had won the race three times, finished second. Mr. Sneva was stuck behind the lapped car of Al Unser, Jr., who was helping to protect the lead of his father despite being shown the blue "move-over" flag. Mr. Sneva took advantage of some other slower cars to pass both Unsers in daring moves on the main stretch and third turn on lap 190, and went on to win. Teo Fabi joined Walt Faulkner (1959) as one of only two rookies ever to qualify for the pole position.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Heart--Pet Shop Boys (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan arrived in Moscow for a summit meeting with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. At their first conversation, President Reagan reportedly pressed Mr. Gorbachev on human rights issues, while Soviet human rights activists demonstrated in the streets of Moscow and Leningrad. That evening, President and Mrs. Reagan strolled near Spasso House, the U.S. ambassador’s residence where they were staying, and were mobbed by Soviet citizens. U.S. and Soviet working groups met to discuss human rights, arms control, and regional conflicts.

Auto racing
Rick Mears won the Indianapolis 500 for the third time, with an average speed of 144.809 miles per hour.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Sei Un Mito--883 (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): All That She Wants--Ace of Base (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Informer--Snow

#1 single in France (SNEP): Your Latest Trick--Dire Straits

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What is Love--Haddaway (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (2nd week at #1)
2 Looking Through Patient Eyes--PM Dawn
3 Love Is--Vanessa Williams and Brian McKnight
4 Freak Me--Silk
5 Who is It--Michael Jackson
6 I'm So Into You--SWV
7 Knockin' Da Boots--H-Town
8 I Have Nothing--Whitney Houston
9 Livin' on the Edge--Aerosmith
10 Weak--SWV

Singles entering the chart were I Don't Wanna Fight by Tina Turner (#63); Fields of Gold by Sting (#66); Little Miracles (Happen Every Day) by Luther Vandross (#72); Love No Limit by Mary J. Blige (#75); and The Floor by Johnny Gill (#78).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Looking Through Patient Eyes--PM Dawn
2 The Crying Game--Boy George
3 That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson
4 Come Undone--Duran Duran
5 I Have Nothing--Whitney Houston
6 Who is It--Michael Jackson
7 Love Is--Vanessa Williams and Brian McKnight
8 Lost in Your Eyes--The Jeff Healey Band
9 Can't Do a Thing (To Stop Me)--Chris Isaak
10 Are You Gonna Go My Way--Lenny Kravitz

Singles entering the chart were Almost Unreal by Roxette (#70); (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You by UB40 (#73); The Truth by Banned in the U.K. (#75); By the Time this Night is Over by Kenny G with Peabo Bryson (#83); Break it Down by Tears for Fears (#84); Everybody Lay Down by Pat Benatar (#85); No Apologies by Alanis (#89); Shake My Tree by Coverdale-Page (#90); One Tongue by Hothouse Flowers (#91); and Down with the King by Run DMC (#93). Almost Unreal was from the movie Super Mario Bros. (1993); (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You was from the movie Sliver (1993).

Died on this date
Billy Conn, 75
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Conn was world light heavyweight champion from 1939-1940, but is best remembered for relinquishing his belt in order to fight Joe Louis for the world heavyweight title on June 18, 1941. After 12 rounds, Mr. Conn was outboxing Mr. Louis and appeared to be on the way to winning the title, but he decided to go for a knockout in round 13, and was instead knocked out himself. Both men interrupted their boxing careers to serve in the U.S. Army in World War II, and fought a rematch on June 19, 1946. Mr. Louis won by knockout in the 8th round. Mr. Conn retired from the ring in 1948 with a record of 64-11-1.

Politics and government
The governments of Canada and Yukon Territory and Yukon's 14 First Nations signed the Umbrella Final Agreement in Whitehorse. 41,400 square kilometres of land and $280 million was to be divided among the 8,000 beneficiaries, and a joint-management board shared by the natives and the territorial government was established to oversee wildlife and land use. The agreement also paved the way for native self-government and the handing over of jurisdiction over such federal and territorial matters as education, justice, and environmental protection.

U.S. President Bill Clinton named veteran journalist David Gergen, a former adviser to President Ronald Reagan, to improve the White House communications operation.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Los Angeles 5 @ Toronto 4 (Los Angeles won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Wayne Gretzky scored 2 goals at Maple Leaf Gardens to lead the Kings over the Maple Leafs and into the Stanley Cup finals for the first time in their 26-year history.

10 years ago
2003


Protest
A student was killed and more than 70 people were injured as Peruvian troops and protesters clashed after President Alejandro Toledo, faced with strikes by teachers and health care workers, declared a 30-day state of emergency.

Abominations
Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams said he was "saddened" by the blessing given by Vancouver, British Columbia-area Anglican Church of Canada Bishop Michael Ingham to a same-sex union using a special rite.

Science
U.S. scientists announced the creation of a cloned mule, named Idaho Gem, from a cell from a mule fetus and a horse egg. This was the first cloning of a member of the horse family.

Business
Microsoft and America Online Time Warner reached a legal settlement under which Microsoft would pay AOL Time Warner $750 million to end a private antitrust suit brought by Netscape (a unit of AOL). Microsoft would also give AOL access to some of its key software. The accord, described as ending a long-running war between the companies, called for cooperation on new technology and joint efforts against electronic piracy.

May 28, 2013

510 years ago
1503


Married on this date
King James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor were married according to a Papal Bull by Pope Alexander VI. A Treaty of Everlasting Peace between Scotland and England signed on that occasion resulted in a peace that lasts ten years.

580 years ago
1533


Britannica
Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer declared the marriage of King Henry VIII of England to Anne Boleyn valid.

425 years ago
1588


World events
The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, set sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel. It took until May 30 for all ships to leave port.

250 years ago
1763


War
Chief Pontiac led the Wyandots in the defeat of Lt. Cuyler at Point Pelee in what is now Ontario.

200 years ago
1813


War
In the War of 1812, British General John Vincent ended his retreat to Burlington Heights in what is now Ontario after losing Fort George, leaving American forces in control of the Niagara Peninsula.

170 years ago
1843


Died on this date
Noah Webster, 84
. U.S. writer and lexicographer. Mr. Webster was best known for An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828), which has been continued in the modern Merriam-Webster dictionaries. More than anyone else, Mr. Webster was responsible for the American spelling of words as distinct from the English spelling. His spelling books were standard school texts for several generations.

150 years ago
1863


War
Robert Gould Shaw, leading the first northern all-Negro regiment, left Boston to fight for the Union in the U.S. Civil War.

125 years ago
1888


Born on this date
Kaarel Eenpalu
. Prime Minister of Estonia, 1938-1939. Born Karl August Einbund, Mr. Eenpalu was an editor of several newspapers, and held numerous political offices beginning in 1920. He was Stae Elder of Estonia' (head of state) from July 19-November 1, 1932, and became the country's first prime minister. When the U.S.S.R. occupied the Baltic republics in June 1940, Mr. Eenpalu was one of a number of polticians who were arrested and deported to Russia. He died in a Soviet prison camp in Vyatka, Kirov Oblast on January 27 or 28, 1942 at the age of 53.

Jim Thorpe. U.S. athlete. Mr. Thorpe, whose ancestry was a combination of Native American and European, was the greatest athlete of the 20th century, if not ever. He won the gold medal in both pentathlon and decathlon at the 1912 Summer Olympic Games in Stockholm, and was praised by King Gustav V of Sweden as the world's greatest athlete. His medals were taken away because it was discovered that he had briefly played professional baseball several years earlier, but the medals were reinstated and commemorative medals were presented to two of his children 70 years later. Mr. Thorpe played major league baseball with the New York Giants, but his favourite sport was football. He achieved stardom with Carlisle Indian Industrial School, and starred with seven different NFL teams in the 1920s. Mr. Thorpe briefly served as the first president of the American Professional Football Association in 1922, shortly before the league changed its name to the National Football League. He's a member of the College Football Hall of Fame, and was inducted as a charter member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1963. A fictionalized account of his feats, Jim Thorpe--All-American, was a popular movie in 1951, starring Burt Lancaster. Mr. Thorpe himself appeared in several movies, including White Heat (1949), where he was one of the prisoners whispering information about Cody Jarrett's mother in the prison cafeteria. He died on March 28, 1953 at the age of 65.

70 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Red-Headed League

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Et surtout ne m'oublie pas--Crazy Horse (4th week at #1)

World events
The military-backed government of Greece announced that the 35 officers involved in a May 24 coup attempt would be put on trial. According to government sources, the officers had tried to hijack the Greek fleet, occupy some unguarded Aegean islands and, after inviting the army and air force to join them, ask the military government to surrender.

Auto racing
The Indianapolis 500 was stopped just seconds after it started when an 11-car pileup culminated in the car driven by Salt Walther crashing into the catch fence before careening down the track. The front of Mr. Walther's car was cut off, exposing his legs, and his legs and hands were badly burned. Race officials rescheduled the start of the race for the following day, with the remaining 32 cars to start in their original positions; Mr. Walther was recorded as placing 33rd and last.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Billie Jean--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Beat It--Michael Jackson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Words--F.R. David (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Candy Girl--New Edition

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Flashdance...What a Feeling--Irene Cara

Flashdance...What a Feeling was from the movie Flashdance (1983), and ended up winning that year's Academy Award as Best Original Song.

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Flashdance...What a Feeling--Irene Cara
2 Let's Dance--David Bowie
3 Beat It--Michael Jackson
4 She Blinded Me with Science--Thomas Dolby
5 Overkill--Men at Work
6 Come On Eileen--Dexys Midnight Runners & the Emerald Express
7 Little Red Corvette--Prince
8 Der Kommissar--After the Fire
9 Solitaire--Laura Branigan
10 Time (Clock of the Heart)--Culture Club

Singles entering the chart were Wanna Be Startin' Somethin' by Michael Jackson (#44); Baby Jane by Rod Stewart (#57); Roll Me Away by Bob Seger & the Silver Bullet Band (#61); She Works Hard for the Money by Donna Summer (#68); I.O.U. by Lee Greenwood (#84); Saved by Zero by the Fixx (#85); and Save the Overtime (For Me) by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#88).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Beat It--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)
2 Let's Dance--David Bowie
3 Rio--Duran Duran
4 Time (Clock of the Heart)--Culture Club
5 She Blinded Me with Science--Thomas Dolby
6 Flashdance...What a Feeling--Irene Cara
7 Puttin' on the Ritz--Taco
8 Overkill--Men at Work
9 Jeopardy--Greg Kihn Band
10 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson

Singles entering the chart were Every Breath You Take by the Police (#44); Come Dancing by the Kinks (#45); and Our House by Madness (#47).

Diplomacy
A three-day summit of western democratic nations, hosted by U.S. President Ronald Reagan, began in Williamsburg, Virginia. The guest nations were Canada, Japan, Britain, West Germany, Italy, and France. Economic issues related to the worldwide recession dominated the talks.

Society
A majority of the board of directors of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) called for the resignation of Margaret Bush Wilson as chairman, and limited her authority.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in France (SNEP): N'importe quoi--Florent Pagny (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I'm Not Scared--Eighth Wonder (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): With a Little Help from My Friends/She's Leaving Home--Wet Wet Wet/Billy Bragg featuring Cara Tivey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: With a Little Help from My Friends/She's Leaving Home--Wet Wet Wet/Billy Bragg featuring Cara Tivey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One More Try--George Michael

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 One More Try--George Michael
2 Anything for You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
3 Shattered Dreams--Johnny Hates Jazz
4 Naughty Girls (Need Love Too)--Samantha Fox
5 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
6 Angel--Aerosmith
7 Everything Your Heart Desires--Daryl Hall John Oates
8 I Don't Want to Live Without You--Foreigner
9 Together Forever--Rick Astley
10 Wait--White Lion

Singles entering the chart were Sign Your Name by Terence Trent D'Arby (#74); The Colour of Love by Billy Ocean (#80); Darlin' Danielle Don't by Henry Lee Summer (#84); You Have Placed a Chill in My Heart by Eurythmics (#85); Wishing I was Lucky by Wet Wet Wet (#86); Fat by "Weird Al" Yankovic (#89); and Little Walter by Tony! Toni! Tone! (#90). Fat was a spoof of Michael Jackson's 1987 hit Bad.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)
2 Beds are Burning--Midnight Oil
3 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger
4 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
5 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean
6 One More Try--George Michael
7 Together Forever--Rick Astley
8 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
9 Shattered Dreams--Johnny Hates Jazz
10 What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong

Singles entering the chart were The Flame by Cheap Trick (#71); Lost in You by Rod Stewart (#73); Foolish Beat by Debbie Gibson (#76); Black & Blue by Van Halen (#82); Send Me a Miracle by Paul Janz (#87); and New Sensation by INXS (#95).

Died on this date
Sy Oliver, 77
. U.S. musician, composer, and bandleader. Mr. Oliver was a trumpeter and arranger with the band of Jimmie Lunceford in the mid-1930s, and joined Tommy Dorsey's orchestra in 1939 as an arranger. He led his own band in later years. Mr. Oliver co-wrote the song T'ain't What You Do (It's the Way That You Do It).

Diplomacy
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet unanimously approved the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty.

Environment
The Canadian aerosol industry said it would ban ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) from spray cans.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Informer--Snow (5th week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson

Diplomacy
Eritrea and Monaco joined the United Nations.

Crime
William Lozano, 33, a Miami police officer of Hispanic ethnicity, was acquitted by a jury in his second trial of the killings of two young Negro men. The case had aroused racial tensions in Florida.

10 years ago
2003


Died on this date
Martha Scott, 90
. U.S. actress. Miss Scott made her broadway debut in Our Town (1938), and made her movie debut in 1940 by reprising her supporting role, which earned her an Academy Award nomination. Miss Scott's other movies included The Desperate Hours (1955); The Ten Commandments (1956); Sayonara (1957); and Ben-Hur (1959). She appeared in many television programs from the 1950s through the 1980s.

Ilya Prigogine, 86. Russian-born Belgian chemist. Dr. Prigogine won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1977 for his discovery of dissipative structures and their role in thermodynamic systems far from equilibrium.

Oleg Makarov, 70. U.S.S.R. cosmonaut. Mr. Makarov flew on the missions Soyuz 12 (1973); Soyuz 18a (1975); Soyuz 27 (1978); Soyuz 26 (1978); and Soyuz T-3 (1980).

War
After the deaths of four American soldiers in Iraq within the past few days, U.S. officials said that a larger military force than previously planned would be kept in Iraq. Officials with the U.S. administration of President George W. Bush concluded that two tractor-trailer units in Iraq, including one found in April, were designed to produce deadly biological weapons, but there was no evidence they had been used for that purpose.

Health
2,000 students, teachers, and staff members at a Toronto school were quarantined after a student showed symptoms of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The government of Ontario announced that it would spend $720 million on assisting health care workers and facilities involved in the fight against SARS.

Despite the existence of only one confirmed case of Mad Cow disease, Canadian food inspectors singled out nearly 1,000 cattle for slaughter and quarantined 17 farms in British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan.

Economics and finance
U.S. President George W. Bush signed into law a bill lowering tax rates for capital gains and dividends to 15% for most taxpayers, but only for five years. It immediately reduced tax rates for upper- and middle-income taxpayers.

Scandal
Rick Bragg, a Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter with The New York Times, resigned from the paper after questions were raised about his reliance on a freelance journalist whom he did not credit.

Monday, 27 May 2013

May 27, 2013

860 years ago
1153


Britannica
Malcolm IV, 12, was crowned King of Scots at Scone, three days after succeeding to the throne upon the death of David I.

310 years ago
1703


World events
The Russian city of St. Petersburg was founded by Czar Peter the Great.

275 years ago
1738


Born on this date
Nathaniel Gorham
. U.S. politician. Mr. Gorham was a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress, and served as its president from July 6-November 5, 1786. He attended the Constitutional Convention and signed the Constitution of the United States in Philadelphia on September 17, 1787. He died on June 11, 1796 at the age of 58.

200 years ago
1813


War
In what is now Ontario, General John Vincent retreated to Burlington Heights from Niagara with the rest of his 1,400 British and Canadian militia after two days of bombardment with fire shells, and losing Fort George to American General Henry Dearborn, Winfield Scott and Isaac Chauncey and their force of 7,000 men.

150 years ago
1863


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Union troops commanded by Major General Nathaniel Banks launched their first assault on the Confederate works in the Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana.

130 years ago
1883


World events
Alexander III was crowned Czar of Russia at the Uspensky Sobor of the Kremlin in Moscow.

125 years ago
1888

Baseball

Bill "Adonis" Terry of the Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers hurled his second career no-hitter‚ beating the Kansas City Cowboys 4-0 at Washington Park in Brooklyn. Three men walked and two more reached on errors. Mr. Terry no-hit the St. Louis Browns on July 24‚ 1886.

80 years ago
1933


Died on this date
James Loeb, 65
. U.S. banker and philanthropist. Mr. Loeb founded and endowed the Loeb Classical Library in 1912, and helped found part of the Juilliard School of Music.

Popular Culture
The Chicago World’s Fair, or Century of Progress Exposition, opened. The theme of the fair was a celebration of science and industry, but fan dancer Sally Rand turned out to be the main attraction.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Securities Act was signed into law requiring the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission.

Baseball
The Chicago White Sox tallied 3 in their half of the 8th inning to take an 11-3 lead against New York, only to see the Yankees storm back with 12 runs in the bottom half of the inning, with Bill Dickey's grand slam the big blow. The combined total of 15 runs was a new American League record for one inning. The final read 15-11 for the Yankees.

75 years ago
1938

Baseball

Detroit's Hank Greenberg hammered a Frank Gabler pitch into the centre field seats at Comiskey Park‚ becoming the first slugger to reach the bleachers there. The Tigers won 5-2‚ behind Vern Kennedy's 6-hitter.

60 years ago
1953


On the radio
I Was a Communist for the FBI, starring Dana Andrews
Tonight’s episode: The Elspeth Club

Died on this date
Jesse Burkett, 84
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Burkett was a left fielder with the New York Giants (1890); Cleveland Spiders (1891-1898); St. Louis Perfectos and Cardinals (1899-1901); St. Louis Browns (1902-1904); and Boston Americans (1905), batting .338 with 75 home runs and 952 runs batted in in 2,067 games. He led the National League in batting average in 1895 (.405); 1896 (.410); and 1901 (.376), and still holds the career record of 55 inside-the-park home runs. Mr. Burkett also pitched in 23 major league games--21 in is rookie season--but was less successful, winning 3 games while losing 11. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946.

50 years ago
1963


Died on this date
Gregoris Lambrakis, 51
. Greek physician and politician. Mr. Lambrakis, a pacifist and member of the Greek parliament with the United Deomcratic Left, died five days after being clubbed on the head by right-wing extremists Emannouel Emannouilides and Spyro Gotzamanis shortly after finishing delivery of the keynote speech at a rally in Thessaloniki protesting the Vietnam War. Mr. Lambrakis' assassination inspired the novel and movie Z.

Politics and government
The Kenya African National Union, led by Jomo Kenyatta, won a majority in Kenya's first general election, taking 58 seats in the House of Representatives to 28 seats for the Kenya African Democratic Union, led by Ronald Ngala. The result meant that Mr. Kenyatta would become Kenya's first Prime Minister.

Academia
Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) opened in Edmonton.

Canadiana
Her Majesty's Theatre in Montreal, which had opened in 1898, closed after 65 years of operation.

40 years ago
1973


On television tonight
Rod Serling's Night Gallery, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Hatred Unto Death/How to Cure the Common Vampire, starring Steve Forrest, Dina Merrill, Fernando Lamas, George Barrows, Richard Deacon, and Johnny Brown

This was the last episode of the series.

Disasters
Two days of tornadoes and heavy rain in several American states concluded with at least 18 deaths: 6 in Alabama; 5 in Kefton, Oklahoma; 3 in Jonesboro, Arkansas; 3 in Kansas, and 1 in Laurel, Mississippi.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Beat It--Michael Jackson

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Bruttosozialprodukt--Geier Sturzflug (4th week at #1)

World events
The Popular Liberation Forces, a Communist guerrilla group, claimed responsibility for the fatal shooting in San Salvador on May 25 of Lt. Cdr. Albert Schaufelberger, deputy commander of the U.S. Military Group. The administration of U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced that it would send at least 100 U.S. military advisers to Honduras to train Salvadoran soldiers in guerrilla warfare. U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz announced that Thomas Enders, assistant secretary of state for inter-American affairs, would be replaced by Langhorne Motley, the U.S. ambassador to Brazil.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Breakaway--Big Pig (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ella, Elle L'a--France Gall (2nd week at #1)

Defense
The United States Senate voted 93-5 to ratify the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan, on his way to Moscow for a summit with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, stopped in Helsinki, and asserted that the U.S.S.R. was falling short of its commitments when it signed the Helsinki accord on human rights in 1975.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Tribal Dance--2 Unlimited (3rd week at #1)

Terrorism
A bomb exploded outside an art gallery in Florence, killing six people and damaging dozens of works of art.

Crime
A U.S. Navy court-martial sentenced airman Terry Helvey to life in prison in the beating death of Radioman Allen Schindler. The Navy released papers showing that Mr. helvey had stalked his sodomite victim.

Economics and finance
The Canadian House of Commons passed legislation bringing Canada into the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

The United States House of Representatives voted in favour of President Bill Clinton's program to lower the budget deficit by raising taxes of almost all except the poor, with new steps to reduce spending.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Toronto 4 @ Los Angeles 5 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

10 years ago
2003


War
U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld acknowledged that deposed Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein may have ordered the destruction of all his biological and chemical weapons before the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq.

Defense
25 Canadian peacekeepers announced that they were suing the Canadian Armed Forces for $60 million because of psychological stress suffered while on duty. The lawsuit alleged that the government of Canada did not offer enough counseling for depression and trauma.

Economics and finance
The World Trade Organization said that Canada's softwood lumber royalties were not an unfair subsidy, as claimed by U.S. lumber interests.

Sunday, 26 May 2013

May 26, 2013

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Isatou Ndow!

720 years ago
1293


Disasters
An earthquake struck Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan, killing about 30,000.

475 years ago
1538


World events
Protestant reformer John Calvin and his followers were expelled from Geneva, Switzerland. Mr. Calvin lived in exile in Strasbourg, France for the next three years.

440 years ago
1573


War
A Spanish fleet, commanded by the count of Bossu, fought a Dutch fleet of rebellious Sea Beggars, commanded by Marinus Brandt, who were trying to break the Siege of Haarlem in the Battle of Haarlemmermeer, a naval engagement in the Dutch War of Independence. The result was a Spanish victory after the Sea Beggars finally retreated.

210 years ago
1703


Died on this date
Louis-Hector de Callière, 54
. Governor General of New France, 1699-1703. Mr. Callière was the military commander at Montreal from 1684-1698. Upon the death of Louis de Frontenac in November 1698, Mr. Callière was named acting Governor General of New France, and the appointment was made permanent in the spring of 1699. In 1701 he negotiated a peace treaty between the Iroquois and a number of western tribes allied with the French.

220 years ago
1793


Exploration
George Vancouver explored the Pacific coast of North America, circumnavigating the island that now bears his name. He just missed meeting Alexander Mackenzie, who had come overland.

150 years ago
1863


Born on this date
Bob Fitzsimmons
. U.K.-born boxer. "Ruby Robert," a native of Cornwall who moved to New Zealand at the age of 9, became a blacksmith and began boxing professionally in Australia before moving to the United States. He knocked out "Nonpareil" Jack Dempsey to win the world middleweight title in 1891. He relinquished that title in 1897, but challenged world heavyweight champion "Gentleman Jim" Corbett in Carson City, Nevada on St. Patrick's Day. Mr. Fitzsimmons, at 165 pounds, became the lightest man to hold the title, winning by a knockout in the 14th round when he floored Mr. Corbett with a punch to the "solar plexus." He lost the title to Jim Jeffries on an 11-round knockout in 1899, and was knocked out by Mr. Jeffries again in 8 rounds in 1902. Mr. Fitzsimmons then challenged George Gardner for the world light heavyweight title in 1903, and took the belt with a 20-round decision, becoming the first boxer to hold titles in three weight divisions. He lost the light heavyweight championship to Philadelphia Jack O'Brien in 1905 when he retired after the 13th round of a fight which was really an elimination bout for the heavyweight title that had been vacated by Mr. Jeffries. Mr. Fitzsimmons had his last fight in 1914, finishing his career with 68 wins, 8 losses, 4 or 5 draws, and 19 no contests in 98 or 99 bouts. He was regarded as the hardest puncher of his era and one of the hardest punchers in boxing history, recording 59 of his wins by knockout. Mr. Fitzsimmons died on October 22, 1917 at the age of 54.

130 years ago
1883

Died on this date
Abd al-Qadir, 74
. Algerian scholar and military leader. Mr. al-Qadir led a number of guerrilla revolts against French colonial rule in the 1830s and 1840s, but eventually had to surrender to superior force. After being exiled to France, Mr. al-Qadir was freed on condition that he not cause further trouble in Algeria. Eventually he made his way to Damascus, devoting himself to Islamic theology and philosophy. In 1860 Mr. al-Qadir saved the lives of large numbers of Christians who were under attack from Druze warriors in Damascus. The French government gave him the Grand Cross of the Légion d'honneur, and Abraham Lincoln sent him several guns in honour of his chivalry. Abd al-Qadir remains a national hero in Algeria.

125 years ago
1888

Baseball

With flawless fielding and 3 hits‚ Hardie Richardson of the Detroit Wolverines starred in a 9-8 win over the Chicago White Stockings. His last hit was a game-winning home run in the 9th inning.

100 years ago
1913


Born on this date
Peter Cushing
. U.K. actor. Mr. Cushing was one of the 20th century's most famous actors in horror films, especially those produced by Hammer studios. His movies included A Chump at Oxford (1940); The Curse of Frankenstein (1957); The Revenge of Frankenstein (1958); The Evil of Frankenstein (1964); Dr. Terror's House of Horrors (1965); Dr. Who and the Daleks (1965); Island of Terror (1966); Frankenstein Created Woman (1967); Frankenstein Must be Destroyed (1969); Tales from the Crypt (1972); and The Beast Must Die (1974). In 1959 he starred as Sherlock Holmes in a Hammer version of The Hound of the Baskervilles, and reprised the role in a 13-episode BBC television series in 1968 and the made-for-television movie The Masks of Death (1984). He died on August 11, 1994 at the age of 81.

80 years ago
1933

Died on this date
Jimmie Rodgers, 35
. U.S. musician and songwriter. "The Singing Brakeman" was the first country music star, and is often called "The Father of Country Music." He was also known as "The Blue Yodeler" for such songs as Blue Yodel and Blue Yodel No. 9. Other notable songs of his included Mississippi Delta Blues and Blue Yodel No. 8 (Mule Skinner Blues). Mr. Rodgers battled tuberculosis for years, and died just two days after making his last recordings.

Baseball
Philadelphia Phillies’ outfielder Chuck Klein hit for the cycle for the second time in his career‚ but the Phillies lost to the St. Louis Cardinals 5-4 in 14 innings.

75 years ago
1938


Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) began its first session. The committee's chairman was Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas).

70 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Edsel Ford, 49
. U.S. automobile executive. Mr. Ford, the son of Henry Ford, was president of the Ford Motor Company from 1919 until his death. He founded and named the Mercury division of automobiles, introduced the Ford Model A, and purchased the Lincoln Motor Company. Mr. Ford died of brucellosis after an operation for stomach cancer. The car known as the Edsel, (model years 1958-1960) was named after him.

Education
The government of Quebec passed a law requiring free and compulsory education in the province.

b>60 years ago
1953

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Black Baronet, starring Basil Rathbone and Martyn Greene

This was an adaptation of the short story by Adrian Conan Doyle and John Dickson Carr which was in the current (May 23, 1953) issue of Collier's magazine, and was the second story they wrote that comprised a collection published as The Exploits of Sherlock Holmes. It was the only story of the Exploits to be adapted for another medium (so far). Basil Rathbone, who had famously portrayed Sherlock Holmes in movies and on radio from 1939-1946, made his only television appearance as Sherlock Holmes. Nigel Bruce, who had played Dr. Watson alongside Mr. Rathbone, was too ill to play the role again, so Martyn Greene played Dr. Watson in The Adventure of the Black Baronet.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando

#1 single in the U.K.: See My Baby Jive--Wizzard (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack (6th week at #1)
2 Last Song--Edward Bear
3 Top of the World--Carpenters
4 Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando
5 Funny Face--Donna Fargo
5 Part of the Union--The Strawbs
7 Don't Expect Me to Be Your Friend--Lobo
8 Goondiwindi Grey--Tex Morton
9 Dead Skunk--Loudon Wainwright III
10 Crocodile Rock--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were The Twelfth of Never by Donny Osmond (#26); Daniel by Elton John (#35); Neither One of Us by Linda George (#36); Cum on Feel the Noize by Slade (#38); Stuck in the Middle with You by Stealers Wheel (#39); and I Can't Get Sunday Out of Mind by Rod Kirkham (#40).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Frankenstein--The Edgar Winter Group

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Frankenstein--The Edgar Winter Group
2 My Love--Paul McCartney & Wings
3 Stuck in the Middle with You--Stealers Wheel
4 Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando
5 You are the Sunshine of My Life--Stevie Wonder
6 Daniel--Elton John
7 Reeling in the Years--Steely Dan
8 Pillow Talk--Sylvia
9 Wildflower--Skylark
10 The Right Thing to Do--Carly Simon

Singles entering the chart were Time to Get Down by the O'Jays (#76); What About Me by Anne Murray (#77); I'd Rather Be a Cowboy by John Denver (#79); You Can Call Me Rover by the Main Ingredient (#85); Smoke on the Water by Deep Purple (#87); Giving it All Away by Roger Daltrey (#88); Misdemeanor by Foster Sylvers (#93); If That's the Way You Want It by Diamond Head (#95); Avenging Annie by Andy Pratt (#97); Moonshine (Friend of Mine) by John Kay (#98); A Passion Play (Edit #8) by Jethro Tull (#99); and Doing it to Death by Fred Wesley and the J.B.'s (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Little Willy--The Sweet
2 Stuck in the Middle with You--Stealers Wheel
3 I'm a Stranger Here--Five Man Electrical Band
4 Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando
5 The Cisco Kid--War
6 The First Cut is the Deepest--Keith Hampshire
7 Daniel--Elton John
8 You are the Sunshine of My Life--Stevie Wonder
9 Close Your Eyes--Edward Bear
10 Drift Away--Dobie Gray

Singles entering the chart were Will it Go Round in Circles by Billy Preston (#72); Shambala by Three Dog Night (#75); With a Child's Heart by Michael Jackson (#83); Kodachrome by Paul Simon (#90); The Free Electric Band by Albert Hammond (#94); Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy by Bette Midler (#95); C'mon C'mon by Fludd (#96); Carnival Town by Karl Erikson (#97); I Like You by Donovan (#98); Diamond Girl by Seals and Crofts (#99); and California Saga (On My Way to Sunny Californ-i-a) by the Beach Boys (#100).

Calgary’s top 10
1 Daniel--Elton John
2 Drift Away--Dobie Gray
3 The Twelfth of Never--Donny Osmond
4 Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando
5 I'm a Stranger Here--Five Man Electrical Band
6 My Love--Paul McCartney & Wings
7 Daisy a Day--Jud Strunk
8 Stuck in the Middle with You--Stealers Wheel
9 I'm Doin' Fine Now--New York City
10 Lady Run, Lady Hide--April Wine
Pick hit of the week: Kodachrome--Paul Simon

Space
Working closely with National Aeronautics and Space Administration ground personnel, the Skylab 1 crew of Pete Conrad, Joe Kerwin, and Paul Weitz attached a makeshift sunshield to the U.S. space station Skylab to compensate for the loss of the craft's thin aluminum micrometeoroid and thermal shield during launch on May 14. Loss of the shield had exposed Skylab to dangerous overheating from the sun's rays. Problems with the launch of the space station had delayed the launch of the Skylab 1 manned mission until May 25.

Protest
Captain Nicholas Pappas and 30 officers and enlisted men aboard the Greek destroyer HNS Velos (D-16), who had mutinied the previous day while participating in a NATO exercise, in order to protest against the dictatorship in Greece, anchoring at Fiumicino, Italy and refusing to return to Greece, requested and received asylum from the Italian government. Greece's military leaders claimed that Capt. Pappas was part of an abortive coup.

30 years ago
1983

World events

U.S. President Ronald Reagan said that the previous day’s killing of Lt. Cdr. Albert Schaufelberger, deputy commander of the U.S. Military Group, would not deter the U.S. from supporting the Salvadoran government against leftist guerrillas.

Society
Margaret Bush Wilson, chairman of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), reversed her decision of six days earlier, and reinstated Benjamin Hooks as the NAACP’s executive director. The reversal was apparently made under pressure from other directors.

Disasters
An earthquake and tsunami on the western coast of Honshu, in Japan, killed at least 104 people and destroyed thousands of buildings. The quake measured 7.7 on the Richter scale.

Basketball
NBA Finals
Los Angeles Lakers 93 @ Philadelphia 103 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-0)

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Eloise--Tino Casal (2nd week at #1)

War
The Sandanista government of Nicaragua and the Contra rebels began three days of meetings in Managua. The Contras proposed to lay down their arms if the Sandanistas would declare a general amnesty, remove the police and army from Sandanista control, establish an independent judiciary, guarantee free speech, permit non-governmental television channels, and help prepare for a constituent assembly.

Defense
A condition supported by United States Senate Majority Leader Robert Byrd (Democrat--West Virginia) was attached to the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty. The condition established a constitutional Senate authority over the treaty’s interpretation.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 3 @ Edmonton 6 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-0)

The Oilers defeated the Bruins at Northlands Coliseum to win their fourth Stanley Cup in the previous five years.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Informer--Snow (6th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The German parliament voted to bar entry to the country to thousands of foreigners seeking asylum who claimed they would suffer persecution in their own countries.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference Finals
Seattle 103 Phoenix 99

10 years ago
2003


Died on this date
Kathleen Winsor, 83
. U.S. author. Miss Winsor was best known for her novel Forever Amber (1944), which was banned in fourteen American states because of its sexual content.

World events
Rwandans voted to approve a new constitution that instituted a balance of power between the Hutu and Tutsi groups.

Disasters
A plane crash in Turkey killed all 74 people aboard, 62 of whom were Spanish soldiers returning from peacekeeping duty in Afghanistan.

Saturday, 25 May 2013

May 25, 2013

300 years ago
1713


Born on this date
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, Scottish nobleman and politician
. Lord Mount Stuart, a Tory, succeeded Thomas Pelham-Holles as Prime Minister of Great Britain and leader of the House of Lords from May 26, 1762-April 8, 1763. He was succeeded as Prime Minister by George Grenville.

275 years ago
1738


War
A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ended the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners. Hostilities between the two colonies had begun in 1730.

180 years ago
1833


Law
The Chilean Constitution of 1833 was promulgated.

100 years ago
1913


Born on this date
Richard Dimbleby
. U.K. journalist. Mr. Dimbleby was a reporter with the British Broadcasting Corporation on radio and television from 1936-1965. He was the BBC's first war correspondent, and covered the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II and the funerals of King George VI and Sir Winston Churchill. Mr. Dimbleby died of testicular cancer on December 22, 1965 at the age of 52.

75 years ago
1938


War
In the Spanish Civil War, the Italian Aviazione Legionaria bombed the city of Alicante, killing 313 civilians.

60 years ago
1953


Television
The first public television station in the United States officially began broadcasting as KUHT from the campus of the University of Houston.

Politics and government
Alexander Matheson took office as Premier of Prince Edward Island, leading a Liberal government.

Defense
At the Nevada Test Site, the United States conducted its first and only nuclear artillery test.

50 years ago
1963


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Will Follow Him--Little Peggy March

#1 single in France: Dis-Lui--Claude François (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Come te non c'è nessuno--Rita Pavone (10th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Wini-Wini--Die Tahiti-Tamourés (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): From Me to You--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): If You Wanna Be Happy--Jimmy Soul (2nd week at #1)

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 If You Wanna Be Happy--Jimmy Soul
2 I Will Follow Him--Little Peggy March
3 Surfin' U.S.A.--Beach Boys
4 Puff the Magic Dragon--Peter, Paul and Mary
5 It's My Party--Lesley Gore
6 Foolish Little Girl--The Shirelles
7 Two Faces Have I--Lou Christie
8 I Love You Because--Al Martino
9 Reverend Mr. Black--The Kingston Trio
10 Da Doo Ron Ron--The Crystals

Singles entering the chart were Old Smokey Locomotion by Little Eva (#73); Shake a Hand by Jackie Wilson and Linda Hopkins (#74); There Goes (My Heart Again) by Fats Domino (#77); Every Step of the Way by Johnny Mathis (#86); Shake a Tail Feather by the Five Du-Tones (#87); Hobo Flats (Part 1) by Jimmy Smith (#89); Forever by the Marvelettes (#94); Swinging on a Star by Big Dee Irwin with Little Eva (#97); Got You on My Mind by Cookie and the Cupcakes (#99); and Jack the Ripper by Link Wray and the Ray Men (#100).

Diplomacy
Leaders of 32 African nations met in Addis Ababa and founded the Organisation of African Unity.

Football
CFL
The Edmonton Eskimos announced that Jack Jacobs had joined their coaching staff as an offensive assistant to head coach Eagle Keys. "Indian Jack" had been a quarterback, punter, defensive back, and kicker with the Cleveland Rams (1942, 1945), Washington Redskins (1946), and Green Bay Packers (1947-1949) of the National Football League before joining the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, with whom he set numerous passing records from 1950-1954. He coached the London Lords of the Ontario Rugby Football Union in 1956-1957, finishing his playing career in 1956, before serving as an assistant coach with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats from 1958-1960 and Montreal Alouettes in 1961-1962.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack (4th week at #1)

1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Get Down--Gilbert O'Sullivan (3rd week at #1)

Space
The Skylab 1 crew of Pete Conrad, Joseph Kerwin, and Paul Weitz lifted off from Cape Kennedy, Florida atop a Saturn 1B rocket, docked with, and boarded the Skylab space station, which had been launched on May 14.

Politics and government
Dr. Hector Campora was inaugurated as President of Argentina. He proclaimed a moderately leftist and nationalist program, with pledges to respect all constitutional liberties including freedom of the press. Later in the evening, Dr. Campora declared an amnesty for 500 political prisoners.

Protest
At least one person was reported killed and 20 wounded in clashes between security police and anti-military demonstrators in Argentina.

Captain Nicholas Pappas and 30 officers and enlisted men aboard the Greek destroyer HNS Velos (D-16), while participating in a NATO exercise and in order to protest against the dictatorship in Greece, mutinied, anchoring at Fiumicino, Italy and refusing to return to Greece.

Disasters
A Soviet airliner carrying 40 people crashed, killing all aboard, in southern Siberia near the Chinese border durig a gunfight between a would-be hijacker and an armed guard.

Baseball
Bob Forsch pitched a no-hitter as the Tulsa Oilers blanked the Denver Bears 5-0 in an American Association game.

30 years ago
1983


Died on this date
Idris I, 94
. King of Libya, 1951-1969. Idris of Libya was elected King of Libya by the National Congress, and took the throne when the United Kingdom of Libya was proclaimed as a sovereign state on December 24, 1951. While he was in Turkey for medical treatment, King Idris was deposed on September 1, 1969 by a military coup led by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi. Idris went into exile in Egypt, and died in Cairo.

Jack Stewart, 66. Canadian hockey player. "Black Jack" was a defenseman with the Detroit Red Wings (1938-43; 1945-50) and Chicago Black Hawks (1950-52) who made the NHL's first all-star team three times and the second all-star team twice, and played for Stanley Cup championship teams in 1943 and 1950. He was inducted in to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1964.

Jean "Johnny" Rougeau, 54. Canadian wrestler and hockey coach. Mr. Rougeau began wrestling professionally in 1951, and founded All-Star Wrestling in 1967. He was a coach in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League in the 1970s, and served as the league's president from 1981-1983.

Diplomacy
The United States Senate approved former Senator Richard Stone as the Reagan administration’s special envoy to Central America. That evening, Lt. Cdr. Albert Schaufelberger, deputy commander of the U.S. Military Group, became the first U.S. military adviser to die in El Salvador when he was shot and killed by gunmen who fired into his car while it was parked outside the University of Central America in San Salvador. The United States and El Salvador both began investigations.

Defense
The United States Senate voted 59-39 to free $625 million for development of the MX missile.

Disasters
A steamboat on the Nile River, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, caught fire when a cooking gas cylinder exploded. 200 or more died.

Baseball
In a 6-0 loss to the Atlanta Braves‚ Pittsburgh Pirates’ pitchers Jim Bibby and Jim Winn combined to walk 7 consecutive batters in the 3rd inning‚ tying the major league record set by the Washington Nationals’ Dolly Gray in 1909.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Only One Woman--Alien

On television tonight
St. Elsewhere, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Last One

As the title suggests, this was the last episode of the series, which was in its sixth season.

Died on this date
Ernst Ruska, 81
. German physicist. Dr. Ruska won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986 for his work in electron optics, including the design of the first electron microscope.

Diplomacy
Panamanian dictator Gen. Manuel Noriega rejected an American proposal to drop indictments against him in the United States on drug charges if he would leave Panama. U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz was the chief advocate of dropping the indictments, arguing that the indictments were less important than getting Gen. Noriega out of Panama. The proposal drew criticism from ousted Panamanian President Eric Delvalle, as well as from people within the U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan.

20 years ago
1993


Politics and government
15 years of Progressive Conservative government came to an end when the Liberals, led by John Savage, captured 40 of 52 seats in the legislature in the Nova Scotia provincial election, defeating the government of Premier Donald Cameron.

Scandal
The U.S. administration reinstated five of the seven members of the White House travel staff who had been dismissed from their jobs six days earlier.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Los Angeles 2 @ Toronto 3 (OT) (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)

10 years ago
2003


Died on this date
Sloan Wilson, 83
. U.S. author. Mr. Wilson was best known for his novels The Man in the Grey Flannel Suit (1955) and A Summer Place (1958), both of which were made into popular movies.

Diplomacy
For the first time, the Israeli cabinet of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon officially accepted the Palestinian claim to eventual statehood, but with a long list of conditions.

Politics and government
Nestor Kirchner, Governor of the province of Santa Cruz and winner of the presidential election by default with the withdrawal of former President Carlos Menem from the campaign, was sworn in as President of Argentina.

Auto racing
Gil de Ferran won the Indianapolis 500, edging fellow Brazilian Helio Castroneves, the 2001 and 2002 winner, by 0.299 seconds.