Thursday, 31 March 2016

March 31, 2016

150 years ago
1866


War
The Spanish Navy bombed the harbour of Valparaíso, Chile.

110 years ago
1906


Sport
The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (later the National Collegiate Athletic Association) was established to set rules for college sports in the United States.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Tommy Bolt
. U.S. golfer. Mr. Bolt won 15 Professional Golfers' Association events, including the 1958 U.S. Open, in a career lasting from 1946 through the 1970s. He was nicknamed "Terrible Tommy" for outbursts of temper, such as throwing clubs, but later admitted that a lot of such behaviour was merely for show. Mr. Bolt died on August 30, 2008 at the age of 92.

Lucille Bliss. U.S. actress. Miss Bliss was mainly known as a voice actress who appeared on radio programs and in various cartoons. She died on November 8, 2012 at the age of 96.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Woodpecker Song--Kate Smith; Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (5th month at #1)

War
The Cuban government seized an Italian freighter as a "precautionary measure," while the crews of a German freighter and an Italian liner set fire to their ships in Costa Rican ports.

Diplomacy
Japanese Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka arrived in Rome to exchange personal greetings with Italian leaders.

German Minister to Yugoslavia Viktor von Heeren left Belgrade for Berlin; the Italian diplomatic colony also left.

Germany and Italy protested to the U.S. State Department against the seizure of their merchant ships.

Academia
City College of New York registrar John Kenneth Ackley was suspended pending a trial before the Board of Higher Education on charges that he was a member of the Communist Party.

Economics and finance
TNEC urged a "permanent decentralization" of economic and political power to safeguard democracy in a report to Congress based on its two-year investigation of corporations.

The U.S. Justice Department announced that a grand jury had indicted three of the country's largest drug manufacturers on charges of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act by fixing the price of insulin.

Labour
The U.S. National Defense Mediation Board announced the settlement of the Congress of Industrial Organizations Steel Workers Organizing Committee at Vanadium Steel Corporation's plant in Bridgeville, Pennsylvania.

Deportation procedures against Australian-born CIO leader Harry Bridges began in San Francisco.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Rum and Coca-Cola--The Andrews Sisters (2nd month at #1)

Died on this date
John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, 59
. U.K. military officer and politician. Viscount Gort served with the British Expeditionary Force in France in World War I--winning the Victoria Cross in 1918--and commanded the force in the first year of World War II; the force was evacuated from Dunkirk in 1940. He served as Governor of Gibraltar (1941-1942); Governor of Malta (1942-1944); and High Commissioner for Palestine and High Commissioner for Trans-Jordan (1944-1945). Viscount Gort died of liver cancer.

Politics and government
In Greece's first parliamentary elections in 10 years, the right-wing Greek Populist Party won a majority of 200 seats, as leftists boycotted the elections.

The moderate leftist cabinet of Socialist Prime Minister Achille van Acker took office in Belgium, with former Prime Minister Paul-Henri Spaak as Foreign Minister.

Social Democrats in the Western zones of Berlin rejected a merger with Communists, but voted for continued cooperation, while Soviet authorities prevented a vote in their zone.

Former Italian Prime Minisers Vittorio Orlando, Ivanoe Bonomi, and Francesco Nitti, along with philosopher Benedetto Croce, announced the formation of the right-wind Democratic Union.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. paid the United Nations $1.7 million, its share of the UN's $25-million working capital fund.

Defense
The U.S. State, War, and Navy Departments announced that the Army and Navy Staff College would be reorganized as the National War College and would give courses in civilian subjects pertinent to national defense.

Medicine
The American Chemical Society awarded its Priestly Medal to Sir Ian Morris Heilbron of the United Kingdom for his work with penicillin and vitamins.

Health
The American Geographical Society announced plans for the compilation of an Atlas of Diseases to aid in the study of the relationship between environment and health.

Religion
The World Council of Churches established a loan fund to help rebuild church buildings destroyed in World War II.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): He--Al Hibbler

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Tiritomba--Margot Eskens

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): It's Almost Tomorrow--The Dream Weavers (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Poor People of Paris--Les Baxter, his Chorus and Orchestra (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Top 100--2nd week at #1); Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr (Jukebox--5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Poor People of Paris--Les Baxter, his Chorus and Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
2 Lisbon Antigua--Nelson Riddle and his Orchestra
3 Why Do Fools Fall in Love--The Teenagers
--Gale Storm
--The Diamonds
4 No, Not Much!--The Four Lads
5 Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr
6 I'll Be Home--Pat Boone
--The Flamingos
7 Blue Suede Shoes--Carl Perkins
8 Juke Box Baby--Perry Como
9 The Great Pretender--The Platters
10 Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom)--Perry Como

Singles entering the chart were "Main Title" from "The Man with the Golden Arm" by Elmer Bernstein and Orchestra (#16, charting with the versions by Richard Maltby and his Orchestra, Dick Jacobs and his Orchestra, and Billy May and his Orchestra); Rock Island Line by the Lonnie Donegan Skiffle Group (#31); Without You (#32)/No Other One (#38) by Eddie Fisher; R-O-C-K (#34)/The Saints Rock 'n Roll (#42) by Bill Haley and his Comets; Winner Take All by the Platters (#41); Held for Questioning by Rusty Draper (#46); Ivory Tower, with versions by Cathy Carr, and Otis Williams and the Charms (#48); Infatuation (Scapricciatiello) by Renato Carosone (#49); and Long Tall Sally, with versions by Pat Boone and Little Richard (#50). "Main Title" from "The Man with the Golden Arm" by Elmer Bernstein and Orchestra was the version used in the movie; it was composed by Mr. Bernstein.

On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Head of the House



Died on this date
Ralph DePalma, 73
. Italian-born U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. DePalma emigrated to the United States with his family in 1893. He was the unofficial U.S. national driving champion in 1912 and 1914, raced in the Indianapolis 500 ten times from 1911-1925, winning in 1915. Mr. DePalma led the 1912 Indianapolis 500 for 196 of 200 laps, but suffered a broken piston with 2 laps remaining, and he and riding mechanic Tom Alley pushed the car across the finish line to finish in 11th place, completing the 200 laps in order to be eligible for prize money.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 4 @ Montreal 6 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The defending champion Red Wings led 4-2 in the 3rd period, but the Canadiens erupted for 4 goals in a span of 5 minutes 29 seconds to win the game at the Montreal Forum. Jacques Plante won the goaltending duel over Glenn Hall, who was making his first appearance in the finals.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Fort Wayne 94 @ Philadelphia 98 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 1-0)

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): The Sun Ain't Gonna Shine Anymore--The Walker Brothers (3rd week at #1)

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the lunar probe Luna 10.

Politics and government
Prime Minister Harold Wilson led his Labour Party to a majority government in the British general election, winning 364 of 630 seats in the House of Commons. Labour increased its total by 48 seats from their standing heading into the election, while the Conservatives, led by Edward Heath, won 253 seats, a decline of 52. The Liberals, led by Jo Grimond, won 12 seats, a decrease of 3.

40 years ago
1976


Education
World War I veteran Gordon Greenaway was a guest speaker in Mr. Rodgers' Social Studies 10 class, which included this blogger, at Sir John Franklin Territorial High School in Yellowknife.

Society
The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that coma patient Karen Anne Quinlan could be disconnected from her respirator. Miss Quinlan, 21, had slipped into a coma in April 1975 after consuming a mixture of alchohol and drugs. In a court case in the fall of 1975, Miss Quinlan's parents had sought to have her respirator disconnected in order that she may be put in "God's hands." The respirator was disconnected, and much to the surprise of everyone, Miss Quinlan continued breathing on her own. She remained comatose until her death in 1985.

Defense
U.S. Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, visiting Australia, pledged that the United States would match any Soviet fleet buildup in the Indian Ocean.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jerry Paris, 60
. U.S. actor and director. Mr. Paris played Jerry Helper, the next-door neighbour in The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961-1966), and directed some episodes of the series, winning an Emmy Award. He directed 234 of the 255 episodes of the comedy series Happy Days (1974-1984). Mr. Paris died of complications from brain cancer surgery.

Kelly Isley, 48. U.S. singer. O'Kelly Isley, Jr., with his younger brothers Ronald and Rudy, comprised the Isley Brothers, who had a string of hit singles from 1959 through the 1970s, including Shout (Parts 1 and 2) (1959); Twist and Shout (1962); This Old Heart of Mine (Is Weak for You) (1966); and It's Your Thing (1969). Kelly Isley died of a heart attack.

Politics and government
Thousands of people gathered in London to mark the last day of the Greater London Council, which had been abolished after 97 years by the Conservative government of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.

Disasters
All 166 people aboard a Mexican airliner were killed when it crashed in a mountainous region of central Mexico.

Augustine Volcano in Cook Inlet in Alaska erupted for the second time in five days. It lifted ash eight miles into the sky and plunged the fishing village of Homer into darkness at noon.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Joyride--Roxette

#1 single in Switzerland: Crazy--Seal (4th week at #1)

World events
Nearly 99 percent of voters in a referendum in the Soviet republic of Georgia supported the country's independence from the Soviet Union.

Politics and government
In the first multiparty national election since World War II, Albanian voters chose to stick with the ruling Workers’ (Communist) Party. The Workers’ Party won about 2/3 of the popular vote and a large majority in parliament. The opposition Democratic Party did well in urban areas, but rural voters backed the Communists.

Curling
Men's world championship @ Winnipeg Arena, Winnipeg
Final
Scotland 7 Canada 2

The David Smith rink, representing Scotland, stole a point in the 7th end and scored 3 points in the 8th to break the game open and defeat the Kevin Martin rink of Avonair Curling Club in Edmonton, representing Canada. Mr. Martin's rink had posted a 9-0 record in round robin play and had defeated Eigel Ramsfjell's Norweginan rink 5-3 in the semi-finals. Mr. Smith's rink had gone 7-2 in the round robin before defeating Steve Brown's American rink 4-2 in the semi-finals.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Ridin' Low--L.A.D.

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Lemon Tree--Fool's Garden (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Children--Robert Miles (7th week at #1)

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Atlantis landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, concluding mission STS-76. The five-man crew was commanded by Kevin Chilton. The mission began on March 22 with six crew members, but Mission Specialist Shannon Lucid transferred to the Russian space station Mir on March 24 to begin a 4 1/2-month stay.

Curling
Men's world championship @ Copps Coliseum, Hamilton
Final
Canada 6 Scotland 2

Jeff Stoughton's rink from Charleswood Curling Club in Winnipeg, representing Canada, scored 2 points in each of the 5th and 7th ends as they defeated the David Smith rink, representing Scotland.

Wednesday, 30 March 2016

March 30, 2016

1,900 years ago
116


Died on this date
Quirinus of Neuss
. Roman Christian martyr. Quirinus, according to legend, was a tribune who was ordered by Emperor Trajan to execute Alexander, Eventius, and Theodolus, but who converted to Christianity after witnessing miracles by the three men. Quirinius was then decapitated and buried in a catacomb; he's considered a saint in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches.

160 years ago
1856


War
The Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the Crimean War.

100 years ago
1916


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals @ Montreal Arena
Portland Rosebuds (PCHA) 1 @ Montreal Canadiens (NHA) 2 (Montreal won best-of-five series 3-2)

Tommy Dunderdale scored to give the Rosebuds a 1-0 lead, but Skene Ronan scored to tie the game, and George Prodgers scored the winning goal to give the Canadiens their first Stanley Cup championship.

90 years ago
1926


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals @ Montreal Forum
Victoria Cougars (WHL) 0 @ Montreal Maroons (NHL) 3 (Montreal led best-of-five series 1-0)

Clint Benedict posted the shutout in goal for the Maroons as they blanked the defending champion Cougars.

75 years ago
1941


War
French shore batteries in Algeria opened fire on a British naval squadron after it halted a French convoy of four merchant ships proceeding from Casablanca to Oran. Armed U.S. Coast Guardsmen seized 35 Danish, 28 Italian, and 2 German merchant vessels in Atlantic, Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Mediterranean ports under the 1917 Espionage Act after 26 of the Italian ships and one of the German vessels were sabotaged by their crews. 1940 Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie warned in a radio address that if the Axis won the European War, the United States would become an armed camp and lose its own liberties.

World events
Local press in Guayaquil, Ecuador charged that Japs who controlled petroleum concessions near Esmeralda were engaging in anti-government activities and interfering in local politics.

Labour
Members of the Congress of Industrial Organizations Farm Equipment Workers voted in Chicago to end their two-month strike at four International Harvester Company plants and submit their dispute to the National Defense Mediation Board. The strike at the Bethlehem Steel plant in Johnstown, Pennsylvania was settled.

Medicine
Dr. Frank Adair, chairman of the American Society for the Control of Cancer, reported a 30% increase in cures of operable breast cancer from 1920-1935.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

War
The government of the Netherlands East Indies announced that Dutch and Indonesian leaders were close to agreement on Indonesian demands and that negotiations would be transferred to The Hague.

World events
U.S. occupation headquarters in Frankfurt announced the arrest of 800 Germans in the American and British zones of Austria and Germany in Operation Nursery, a campaign against efforts to revive the Hitler Youth organization.

The government of Ecuador suppressed a revolutionary plot believed to be led by former dictator General Alberto Enriquez.

Space
Dr. Donald Menzel of Harvard University presented a theory explaining the energy production of giant red stars in terms of nuclear fusion.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor reported a membership of 6,931,221 and a treasury of $2,087,021 as of August 31, 1945.

Opera
The Metropolitan Opera Guild announced that a poll of 123,000 fadio listeners showed there favourite operas to be Aida; Carmen; La Traviata; Hansel and Gretel; and Boris Goudenov.

Sport
In the first official Thames River crew race since 1939, the University of Oxford defeated Cambridge University by 3 lengths.

Swimming
NCAA championships @ New Haven, Connecticut
Ohio State University won the national championship.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 3 @ Montreal 4 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Rocket Richard scored 9:08 into overtime to give the Canadiens their win over the Bruins at the Montreal Forum.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr with the Hugo Winterhalter Orchestra

Died on this date
Edmund Clerihew Bentley, 80
. U.K. author and poet. Mr. Bentley was known for the novel Trent's Last Case (1913), and for a type of humourous biographical poetry that became known as the clerihew, named in his honour.

50 years ago
1966


Politics and government
Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd led his National Party to another majority in the South African general election, capturing 105 seats in the 170-seat House of Assembly. The United Party, led by De Villiers Graaff, finished second, winning 49 seats.

Baseball
Sandy Koufax and Don Drysdale, the star pitching tandem of the World Series champion Los Angeles Dodgers, ended a 32-day double holdout, signing with the club for an estimated $135,000 each for 1966. Mr. Koufax had won the Cy Young Award as the major leagues' most outstanding pitcher in 1965, posting a 26-8 record with an earned run average of 2.04, pitching a perfect game, and leading the National League in wins; winning percentage; ERA; innings pitched; complete games; and setting a major league record for strikeouts in a season with 382, while going 2-1 with a 0.38 ERA in helping the Dodgers defeat the Minnesota Twins 4 games to 3 in the World Series. Mr. Drysdale was 23-12 with a 2.78 ERA in 1965, and was 1-1 with a 3.86 ERA in 2 World Series games. He also batted .300 with 7 home runs and 19 runs batted in in 1965.

40 years ago
1976


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: A Right and Proper Goodbye

Protest
The first Land Day protests were held in Israel/Palestine.

Health
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau announced plans to immunize about 12 million Canadians against "swine flu" in the autumn of 1976. The "epidemic" turned out be a non-event, and the vaccine was never used.

Hockey
NHL
Los Angeles 8 @ Kansas City 6

The Scouts' loss to the Kings at Kemper Arena extended their winless streak to 24 games--one game short of the league record established by the Washington Capitals earlier in the season--and was the last National Hockey League game ever played in Kansas City. The franchise moved to Denver after the season and became the Colorado Rockies to begin the 1976-77 season.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Rock Me Amadeus--Falco (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Ohne dich (schlaf ich heut Nacht nicht ein)--Münchener Freiheit

Died on this date
James Cagney, 86
. U.S. actor. Mr. Cagney won the Academy Award for Best Actor for portraying entertainer George M. Cohan in Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942), but was best known for playing gangsters in movies such as The Public Enemy (1931); Angels with Dirty Faces (1938); The Roaring Twenties (1939); and White Heat (1949). He remains one of the most frequently-imitated actors.

Music
The Toronto-based a capella quartet The Nylons--consisting of Claude Morrison, Marc Connors, Arnold Robinson and Paul Cooper--won the best singer award and a cash prize of $7,000 at the 15th annual Tokyo Music Festival.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Sucker DJ--Dimples D. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oh Yeah!--Kazumasa Oda (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Because I Love You (The Postman Song)--Stevie B

#1 single in France (SNEP): Wind of Change--Scorpions (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Liefde voor muziek--Raymond van het Groenewoud (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
2 Someday--Mariah Carey
3 One More Try--Timmy -T-
4 This House--Tracie Spencer
5 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
6 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
7 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
8 State of the World--Janet Jackson
9 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
10 Get Here--Oleta Adams

Singles entering the chart were Losing My Religion by R.E.M. (#76); Step On (’91 Remix) by Happy Mondays (#79); What Comes Naturally (#86) by Sheena Easton; Word of Mouth by Mike + the Mechanics (#87); Another Like My Lover by Jasmine Guy; Here I Am (Come and Take Me) by UB40 (#89); and Wrap My Body Tight by Johnny Gill (#100).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 All This Time--Sting
3 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
4 Waiting for Love--Alias
5 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
6 Wicked Game--Chris Isaak
7 Rescue Me--Madonna
8 Joyride--Roxette
9 Waiting for that Day--George Michael
10 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

Singles entering the chart included I Will Be Here by Steve Winwood (#79); Call Me and I’ll Be There by Rita MacNeil (#87); If You Lean on Me by Colin James (#88); and Word of Mouth by Mike + the Mechanics (#99).

War
Iraqi government forces recaptured Kirkuk from Kurdish rebels, and hundreds of thousands of Kurds were reported fleeing to the mountains.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 4 Quebec 3

Basketball
NCAA
Men’s championship semi-finals @ Hoosier Dome, Indianapolis
Duke 79 Nevada at Las Vegas 77

Christian Laettner scored 18 points to lead the Blue Devils to an upset win, ending the Runnin’ Rebels’ winning streak at 45 games, and advancing to the final against the University of Kansas Jayhawks.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): One of Us--Joan Osborne (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): La terra dei cachi--Elio e le Storie Tese

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Children--Robert Miles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Aon Focal Eile--Richie Kavanagh (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Firestarter--The Prodigy

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
2 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
3 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
4 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
5 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
6 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
7 Til I Hear it from You/Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
8 Lady--D’Angelo
9 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
10 Real Love--The Beatles

Singles entering the chart were Always Be My Baby; Real Love; Count on Me by Whitney Houston and CeCe Winans (#35); Renee by Lost Boyz (#65); Release Me by Angelina (#68); Give Me One Reason by Tracy Chapman (#76); Funkorama by Redman (#79); Can't Get You Off My Mind by Lenny Kravitz (#88); and Have I Never by Few Good Men (#89).

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 Edmonton 3

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Red Hickey, 89
. U.S. football player and coach. Howard Wayne Hickey was an end with the Pittsburgh Steelers (1941) and Cleveland/Los Angeles Rams (1945-1948); he was a member of the Rams during their last season in Cleveland, when they won the National Football League championship in 1945. Mr. Hickey was an assistant coach with the Rams frm 1949-1954 and San Francisco 49ers from 1955-1958. He became the 49ers' head coach in 1959, and introduced the shotgun offensive formation late in the 1960 season. The 49ers won their last 4 games in 1960 to finish with a 7-5 record, and started the 1961 season with a 4-1 record while alternating John Brodie, Billy Kilmer, and Bobby Waters at quarterback. The Chicago Bears devised a way to stop the shotgun, and defeated the 49ers 31-0; Mr. Hickey was unable to adjust, and the 49ers finished the season with a record of 7-6-1. The team was 6-8 in 1962, and Mr. Hickey resigned after 3 straight losses to open the 1963 season. He rejoined the Rams as a scout, and then joined the Dallas Cowboys in 1964, first as an assistant coach, and then for many years as a scout. Mr. Hickey finished his NFL career with a 27-27-1 record as a head coach.

Terrorism
The United Kingdom Terrorism Act 2006 became law.

American reporter Jill Carroll, a freelancer for The Christian Science Monitor, was released after 82 days as a hostage in Iraq.

Tuesday, 29 March 2016

March 29, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Alexandra Duenas Mejia!

210 years ago
1806


Transportation
U.S. President Thomas Jefferson authorized construction of the Great National Pike--better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.

200 years ago
1816


Born on this date
Tsultrim Gyatso
. 10th Dalai Lama of Tibet, 1822-1837. Tsultrim Gyatso, born to a modest family, was recognized in 1820 as the reincarnation of Lungtok Gyatso, the 9th Dalai Lama, who had died in 1815. Tsultrim Gyatso was enthroned in 1822, and spent the next nine years in study before taking vows of full ordination. He intended to overhaul the economic structure of Tibet, but he suffered constantly from poor health, and died in 1837 at the age of 21. Khedrup Gyatso, the 11th Dalai Lama, was born in 1838, recognized in 1840, and enthroned in 1842.

175 years ago
1841


Academia
St. Mary's College, a Jesuit liberal arts institution in Halifax, was granted a charter by the government of Nova Scotia, while Queen's College, a liberal arts college in Horton founded by Baptists in 1838, became Acadia College.

130 years ago
1886


Popular culture
Dr. John Pemberton brewed the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta.

110 years ago
1906


Politics and government
Saskatchewan's first provincial legislature was opened in Regina by Lieutenant-Governor A. E. Forget.

Labour
Winnipeg street railway employees rioted during a two-day strike.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Eugene McCarthy
. U.S. politician. Mr. McCarthy, a Democrat, represented Minnesota in the United States House of Representatives from 1949-1959 and in the Senate from 1959-1971. He was best known for his campaign for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in 1968. Campaigning against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, Sen. McCarthy captured 42% of the vote in the New Hampshire primary to 49% for President Lyndon Johnson, leading to Mr. Johnson's decision to withdraw from the campaign several weeks later. Sen. McCarthy's campaign lost momentum when Senator Robert F. Kennedy decided to enter the race shortly after, and he never did get the nomination in several attempts in later years. Mr. McCarthy died on December 10, 2005 at the age of 89.

90 years ago
1926


Labour
An act bringing in an 8-hour day (48-hour week) in Alberta was set back one year, until a three-man commission could report on its advisability.

80 years ago
1936


World events
In Germany, Fuehrer Adolf Hitler received support of 99% of the voters in a referendum to ratify Germany's illegal reoccupation of the Rhineland. Pro-remilitarization votes amounted to 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Amapola (Pretty Little Poppy)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra

Radio
The North American Radio Broadcasting Agreement went into effect at 3 A.M. local time, regulating the bandplan of mediumwave AM broadcasting; more than 1,000 of the 1,300 stations under the agreement shifted their frequencies.

War
British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces defeated those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesian coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan, sinking three cruisers and two destroyers.

Defense
Secret U.K.-U.S.A. military staff talks ended in Washington after producing a war plan for concentrating on Germany in the event of war with Japan.

World events
Germany ordered her nationals to leave the Yugoslavian province of Serbia as a new government moved to end Croatian opposition. Polish sourced in London reported that the Gestapo had started a new wave of terror in Poland; the sources reported that 3,000 prisoners had died in the Oswiecim concentration camp, and that 85% of Krakow's Jews had been forced to leave the city.

Protest
Syrian Arabs demanded immediate elections for the creation of a representative governing council, and called a general strike.

Society
Dr. Edwin Nicholson, a scouting camp master, declared that through the method of emotional conditioning and indoctrination, Boy Scout training tended to encourage youths to accept the status quo and become subservient to the will of others.

Labour
5,000 Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers membes voted to continue their 67-day strike at Allis-Chalmers depsite the U.S. government's order to return to work.

Swimming
NCAA
The University of Michigan won its eighth consecutive championship.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's championship
Final
Wisconsin 39 Washington State 34

70 years ago
1946


At the movies
House of Horrors, starring Rondo Hatton, Martin Kosleck, and Robert Lowery, opened in theatres.

Scandal
The Royal Commission investigating Soviet espionage in Canada named five more suspects who had been detained, and charged that Vitali Pavlov, U.S.S.R. Consul in Canada, was a leading agent of the Soviet secret police force NKVD in Ottawa.

Politics and government
Under a new constitution, Gold Coast became the United Kingdom's first African colony to have a majority of elected Africans in its legislature.

Economics and finance
Former New York City Mayor Fiorello La Guardia accepted the appointment as Director-General of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA).

U.S. Army General Lucius Clay, Deputy Military Governor in Germany, reduced the food ration in the U.S. zone of occupation to 1,275 calories per day.

Health
UNRRA officials in Shanghai reported epidemics of cholera, bubonic plague, smallpox, meningitis, and mass hunger in China.

Energy
The French Constituent Assembly voted to nationalize the electric and gas industries.

Labour
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate the conference-approved version of the Lea bill aimed at curbing labour practices--especially the power of American Federation of Musicians President James Petrillo--in the communications industry. The Senate approved the Russell amendment to the minimum wage bill, calling for the inclusion of farm labour costs in computing parity prices for farm products.

Academia
Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México, one of Mexico's leading universities, was founded.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Chanson pour l'Auvergnat--Georges Brassens (5th week at #1)

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The 2130, with guest stars Melvyn Douglas and Susan Albert

World events
The armed forces high command in Ecuador deposed the military junta and announced full restoration of civil rights. Clemente Yerovi Indaburu, a businessman from Guayaquil, was named provisional President; he cancelled plans for a scheduled presidential election, but did permit the election of a new constituent assembly.

Diplomacy
Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and U.S. President Lyndon Johnson concluded two days of talks in Washington, where they discussed India's food crisis and peace in Asia.

Health
Dow Brewery dumped 1 million gallons (4,546,000 litres) of beer into the St. Lawrence River after 16 people died and 24 more became sick with symptoms suggestive of alcoholic cardiomyopathy in the Québec City area. Those affected were heavy drinkers who preferred Dow; the brewery had been adding cobalt sulfate to the beer for foam stability since July 1965, and that the concentration added in the Quebec city brewery was 10 times that of the same beer brewed in Montreal, where there were no reported cases. The brewery ceased operations two days later.

Boxing
Muhammad Ali (23-0) retained his world heavyweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Canadian champion George Chuvalo (34-12-2) at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto. On the undercard, Jimmy Ellis (18-5) won an 8-round decision over Hubert Hilton (13-4-2) in a heavyweight bout.





40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Beautiful Sunday--Daniel Boone (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Para Que No Me Olvides--Lorenzo Santamaría

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Vi åkbättre da för da--Swedish Alpine Ski Team

Toronto's top 30 (CFTR)
1 Money Honey--Bay City Rollers
2 Theme from S.W.A.T. (Part 1)--The T.H.P. Orchestra
3 All by Myself--Eric Carmen
4 Dream Weaver--Gary Wright
5 December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)--The Four Seasons
6 Lonely Night (Angel Face)--Captain and Tennille
7 Love Hurts--Nazareth
8 Right Back Where We Started From--Maxine Nightingale
9 Golden Years--David Bowie
10 Love is the Drug--Roxy Music
11 Let Your Love Flow--Bellamy Brothers
12 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover--Paul Simon
13 Fanny (Be Tender with My Love)--Bee Gees
14 Dream On--Aerosmith
15 Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection
16 Love to Love You Baby--Donna Summer
17 Crazy on You--Heart
18 Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen
19 Love Rollercoaster--Ohio Players
20 Grow Some Funk of Your Own/I Feel Like a Bullet (In the Gun of Robert Ford)--Elton John
21 Squeeze Box--The Who
22 Love Hurts--Jim Capaldi
23 Lazy Love--New City Jam Band
24 Only Sixteen--Dr. Hook
25 Action--Sweet
26 Boogie Fever--Sylvers
27 Give a Little Love--Ken Tobias
28 Show Me the Way--Peter Frampton
29 Sweet Love--Commodores
30 Lorelei--Styx
Top 10 Gold of the Week
1 Saturday Night--Bay City Rollers
2 Island Girl--Elton John
3 Love Machine (Part 1)--The Miracles
4 Hey Jude--The Beatles
5 That's the Way I Like It--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
6 The Way I Want to Touch You--Captain & Tennille
7 Jive Talkin'--Bee Gees
8 Over My Head--Fleetwood Mac
9 The Homecoming--Hagood Hardy
10 Convoy--C.W. McCall
Picks of the Week: Hold Up the Night--The Trammps
There's a Kind of Hush (All Over the World)--Carpenters
Linda Write Me a Letter--Choya
Shout it Out Loud--Kiss
Sweet Blindness--Sweet Blindness

This was CFTR's first weekly survey.

Movies
The Academy Awards for 1975 were presented at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest became the first film since It Happened One Night (1934) to win Oscars for Best Picture; Director (Milos Forman); Actor (Jack Nicholson); Actress (Louise Fletcher); and Screenplay (Bo Goldman and Laurence Hauben). Other winners included: Best Supporting Actor--George Burns (The Sunshine Boys) and Best Supporting Actress--Lee Grant (Shampoo). The Man Who Skied Down Everest, produced by Crawley Films, became the first Canadian feature film to win an Academy Award, winning for Best Documentary Feature.

Politics and government
Five days after a military coup overthrew the Argentine administration of President Isabel Peron, Army commander Lieutenant General Jorge Videla was sworn in as President. His cabinet included six military officers and two civilians.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's championship @ The Spectrum, Philadelphia
Final
Indiana 86 Michigan 68

The Hoosiers, coached by Bobby Knight and led by led by Scott May, Kent Benson, Bobby Wilkerson and Quinn Buckner, defeated the Wolverines to complete the 1975-76 season with a record of 32-0.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Adesso Tu--Eros Ramazzotti (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): The Promise You Made--Cock Robin

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Promise You Made--Cock Robin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Living Doll--Cliff Richard and the Young Ones

#1 single in the U.K.: Absolute Beginners--David Bowie

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rock Me Amadeus--Falco

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
2 These Dreams--Heart
3 Secret Lovers-Atlantic Starr
4 R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A.--John Cougar Mellencamp
5 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution
6 What You Need--INXS
7 Sara--Starship
8 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
9 Nikita--Elton John
10 Sanctify Yourself--Simple Minds

Singles entering the chart were Greatest Love of All by Whitney Houston (#52); Is it Love by Mr. Mister (#57); Rough Boy by ZZ Top (#67); Never as Good as the First Time by Sade (#75); Absolute Beginners by David Bowie (#88); and A Good Heart by Feargal Sharkey (#89). Absolute Beginners was the title song of a movie that starred Mr. Bowie.

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Don’t Forget Me (When I’m Gone)--Glass Tiger
2 Sara--Starship
3 Nikita--Elton John
4 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
5 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
6 These Dreams--Heart
7 A Good Heart--Feargal Sharkey
8 Silent Running--Mike + the Mechanics
9 Conga--Miami Sound Machine
10 Secret Lovers--Atlantic Starr

Singles entering the chart were Absolute Beginners by David Bowie (#73); Take Me Home by Phil Collins (#82); and What Have You Done for Me Lately by Janet Jackson (#92); Deeper by Billy Newton-Davis (#95); Your Love by the Outfield (#96); and Chain Reaction by Diana Ross (#97).

Died on this date
Harry Ritz, 78
. U.S. actor. Mr. Ritz, born Harold Joachim, was the youngest member of the Ritz Brothers comedy team, with brothers Al and Jimmy. The team appeared in a string of movies from 1936-1943, and concentrated on nightclub appearances for more than 20 years afterward.

Crime
An Italian court freed three Bulgarians and three Turks who had been charged with conspiring to assassinate Pope John Paul II in 1981. One of the Turks acquitted was Mehmet Ali Agca, who had fired the shots. Mr. Agca was the principal government witness in the conspiracy trial, but his erratic behaviour undermined his credibility. He was already in prison for the shooting and was convicted of complicity in smuggling the weapon he had used into Italy. In its ruling, the court did not find the accused innocent, but only that the evidence of their guilt was insufficient. The court did convict another Turk, Omer Bagci, of storing and delivering the weapon, but no sentence could be imposed because he had been extradited from Switzerland only on the conspiracy charge.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C+C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lee Atwater, 40
. U.S. political adviser. Mr. Atwater was a political strategist with the Republican Party who was known for his exploitation of emotional wedge issues in election campaigns, and was often effective. He was best known for managing the 1988 U.S. presidential campaign of then-Vice President George Bush, and using advertisements to portray Democratic Party candidate Michael Dukakis as soft on crime. The campaign was successful, and Mr. Atwater was named chairman of the Republican National Committee in 1989. He collapsed at a breakfast on March 5, 1990, and was diagnosed with a brain tumour. During his last months, Mr. Atwater converted to Roman Catholicism and apologized to people who had been hurt by his actions.

Politics and government
British Columbia Premier Bill Vander Zalm said he would step down when his Social Credit party chose a new leader; he was being investigated for improper real estate dealings relating to the sale of his family's Fantasy Gardens to a Taiwanese billionaire.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had increased 1.1% in February, ending a six-month decline.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Children--Robert Miles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): California Love--2Pac featuring Dr. Dre

Died on this date
Bill Goldsworthy, 51
. Canadian-born U.S. hockey player. Mr. Goldsworthy played right wing with the Boston Bruins (1964-67); Minnesota North Stars (1967-76); New York Rangers (1976-77); Indianapolis Racers (1977-78); and Edmonton Oilers (1978-79), scoring 541 points on 283 goals and 258 assists in 771 regular season NHL games and 37 points on 18 goals and 19 assists in 40 playoff games, and 12 goals and 12 assists in 49 regular season WHA games and 1 goal and 1 assist in 2 playoff games. Mr. Goldsworthy played for Team Canada in the 1972 series vs. the U.S.S.R. scoring a goal and an assist in 3 games. His best season was 1973-74, when he scored 48 goals and 26 assists, and was known for the "Goldy shuffle" dance after scoring. Heavy drinking contributed to a decline in his hockey abilities, and combined with sexual promiscuity to lead to his death from AIDS.

Politics and government
Leaders of Sierra Leone's military government transferred power to a democratically-elected government led by President Alhaji Ahmad Tejan Kabba of the People's Party, following a runoff election in March and a cease-fire between the forces of then-President Julius Maada Bio and anti-government rebels.

Basketball
NBA
Utah 105 @ Vancouver 91

The Grizzlies set a National Basketball Association record with their 21st consecutive loss, falling to the Jazz at Pacific Coliseum.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Robert Costall
. Canadian soldier. Private Costall was kill and three other soldiers wounded in battle with Taliban forces in the Sangin district of Helmand province, 110 kilometres from Kandahar, Afghanistan

Politics and government
The terrorist organization Hamas formally took over the Palestinian government.

Monday, 28 March 2016

March 28, 2016

150 years ago
1866


Died on this date
Solomon Foot, 63
. U.S. politician. Mr. Foot, a Whig and then a Republican, represented Vermont in the United States House of Representatives from 1843-1847 and in the Senate from 1851 until his death.

100 years ago
1916


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals @ Montreal Arena
Portland Rosebuds (PCHA) 6 @ Montreal Canadiens (NHA) 5 (Best-of-five series tied 2-2)

The Rosebuds took a 3-0 lead and then fell behind 4-3, but Fred Harris scored twice and Charlie Uksilla once in the 3rd period to give Portland a 6-4 lead, before Newsy Lalonde scored in the last minute to draw the Canadiens to within a goal.

80 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Dying Detective

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Virginia Woolf, 59
. U.K. author. Regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the 20th century, Mrs. Woolf wrote books which included Jacob’s Room (1922); Mrs. Dalloway (1925); To the Lighthouse (1927); Orlando (1928); and A Room of One’s Own (1929). She had suffered mental breakdowns, and drowned herself in the Ouse River because she feared having another breakdown from which she might not recover.

War
British Admiral Andrew Browne Cunningham led the Royal Navy in the destruction of three major Italian heavy cruisers and two destroyers in the first day of the Battle of Cape Matapan in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Crete.

Politics and government
Peter II took the oath as King of Yugoslavia, pledging to defend the independence of the state and the integrity of the nation. Germany reportedly demanded that the new government state its position on the Axis pact.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent congratulations to King Peter II of Yugoslavia, expressing the hope that U.S.-Yugoslav relations may be mutually beneficial. Mexico announced that it had approved the entry applications of former King Carol of Romania and Madame Magda Lupescu.

Movies
Actor Cary Grant, a native of England living in California, announced that he would donate his entire salary from his next film, The Man Who Came to Dinner, to British war relief.

Exploration
The U.S. Antarctic Expedition left for the United States after nearly two years in the South Pole region.

Labour
Under the protection of 500 policemen and special deputies, 2,000 men returned to work at the Allis-Chalmers plant in answer to a U.S. government order. The strike at the Bethlehem, Pennsylvania plant of Bethlehem Steel Corporation wa settled after the company promised to continue negotiations with the Congress of Industrial Organizations Steel Workers Organizing Committee, but a new strike began at the company's plant in Johnstown, Pennsylvania.

Scandal
Retired U.S. federal circuit court judge J. Warren Davis, 74, was indicted in Philadelphia on charges of accepting bribes from former film producer William Fox and Mr. Fox's attoprney in a 1936 bankruptcy proceeding.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Chick Fullis, 45
. U.S. baseball player. Charles Fullis was a center fielder and leadoff hitter with the New York Giants (1928-1932); Philadelphia Phillies (1933-1934); and St. Louis Cardinals (1934, 1936), batting .295 with 12 home runs and 167 runs batted in in 590 games. His best season was 1933, when he batted .309 with 200 hits, and led the National League in plate appearances (698); at bats (647); singles (162); and outfield putouts (410). Mr. Fullis batted .400 (2 for 5) in 3 games with the Cardinals as they defeated the Detroit Tigers 4 games to 3 in the 1934 World Series. Eye trouble forced his retirement.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. supported a United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Council vote to continue aid to refugees without the consent of their governments in return for a UNRRA commitment to facilitate repatriation.

U.S. President Harry Truman expressed unequivocal support for Secretary of State James Byrnes' actions in the dispute at the United Nations over the presence of Soviet troops in Iran.

Defense
U.S. President Truman set up a 10-man military braintrust to plan national defense, and nominated Generals George Marshall, Douglas MacArthur, Dwight Eisenhower, and Hap Arnold, and Admirals Leahy, Chester Nimitz, King, and William Halsey for permanent five-star rank.

Energy
The U.S. State Department released the Acheson–Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives approved a resolution to start contempt proceedings against Dr. Edward barsky, chairman of the joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, for refusing to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee.

Labour
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that a record 21.5 million man-days had been lost in February because of strikes.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Yo Soy Aquel--Raphael (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Sea Around Us--The Ludlows

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Nowhere Man--The Beatles
2 Homeward Bound--Simon & Garfunkel
3 Woman--Peter & Gordon
4 Listen People--Herman's Hermits
5 Elusive Butterfly--Bob Lind
6 Daydream--The Lovin' Spoonful
7 Magic Town--The Vogues
8 I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry--B.J. Thomas and the Triumphs
9 These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra
10 Believe Me--The Guess Who?

Singles entering the chart were Here Comes Shack by the Secrets (#57); Kicks by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#77); I Can't Let Go by the Hollies (#84); Secret Agent Man by Johnny Rivers (#85); Shapes of Things by the Yardbirds (#86); Gloria by the Shadows of Knight (#88); Frankie and Johnny by Elvis Presley (#89); Somewhere by Len Barry (#90); A Sign of the Times by Petula Clark (#91); You're Breaking My Heart by Jimmy Dybold (#92); Look What You're Doin' by James and the Bondsmen (#94); La La La by Gerry and the Pacemakers (#95); Love is Me, Love is You by Connie Francis (#96); One Track Mind by the Knickerbockers (#97); Sippin' 'n Chippin' by the T-Bones (#98); Treat Me Alright by the Reefers (#99); and Elvira by Dallas Frazier (#100).

Diplomacy
Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi arrived in Washington to begin two days of talks with U.S. President Lyndon Johnson.

Politics and government
General Cevdet Sunay took office as President of Turkey, replacing critically ill General Cemal Guersel.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Richard Arlen, 76
. U.S. actor. Mr. Arlen, born Sylvanus Richard Van Mattimore, appeared in numerous Western movies, but was best known for his co-starring role in Wings (1927).

Scandal
U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation papers showed that the FBI had burgled the New York City office of the Socialist Workers Party more than 90 times from 1960-1966.

Curling
Air Canada Silver Broom @ Memorial Auditorium, Duluth, Minnesota
Final
U.S.A. 6 Scotland 5

The Bruce Roberts rink of Hibbing Curling Club, Hibbing, Minnesota, representing the United States, led 4-1 after 4 ends but had to score a point in the 10th end to defeat Bill Muirhead's Scottish rink.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Brother Louie--Modern Talking (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Virginia Gilmore, 66
. U.S. actress. Miss Gilmore, born Sherman Virginia Poole, appeared in numerous television programs and in movies such as Western Union (1941) ; Berlin Correspondent (1942); and The Pride of the Yankees (1942). She was married to actor and director Yul Brynner from 1944-1960.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had increased 0.7% in February.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart

Radio
Canadian External Affairs Minister Joe Clark said that the Department of External Affairs would operate Radio Canada International after the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation dropped funding, with a 50% cut in service.

Protest
More than 100,000 supporters of Russian President Boris Yeltsin took to the streets in Moscow despite Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev’s ban on demonstrations in Moscow.

War
A Shiite leader in Iraq said that the Shiites were still conducting guerrilla warfare against government forces.

Law
Former U.S. President broke with the views of the National Rifle Association and delivered a speech at George Washington University in which he endorsed the so-called Brady Bill, currently before Congress, that would require a seven-day waiting period for the purchase of a handgun, during which law enforcement personnel could check on the background of the purchaser. The bill was named after Mr. Reagan’s press secretary, James Brady, who had been seriously wounded in the assassination attempt on Mr. Reagan 10 years earlier.

Disasters
A coroner’s jury voted 9-2 to return a verdict of accidental death in the 1989 collapse of the grandstand at the Hillsborough stadium in Sheffield, England that resulted in the deaths of 96 people.

Hockey
NHL
Chicago 5 Toronto 3

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Firestarter--The Prodigy

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (9th week at #1)

Crime
The Shamgar Commission issued its final report into the November 4, 1995 assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. It was critical of the internal security service Shin Bet for putting the Prime Minister at risk and ignoring threats to his life from Jewish extremists.

Hockey
NHL
Florida 2 @ Pittsburgh 3

Jaromir Jagr scored his 60th goal of the season to help the Penguins beat the Panthers at Civic Arena. He and Mario Lemieux, with 64 goals, were the first teammates to score 60 or more goals in a season since Wayne Gretzky (73) and Jari Kurri (71) of the Edmonton Oilers in 1984-85. Mr. Jagr also set a league record for most points by a European player in one NHL season, with 140.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Caspar Weinberger, 88
. U.S. politician. Mr. Weinberger, a captain in the United States Army during World War II, was U.S. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford from 1973-1975, but was better known for his tenure as Secretary of Defense under President Ronald Reagan from 1981-1987, aiding Mr. Reagan's "peace through strength" policy that helped to win and end the Cold War against the U.S.S.R.

Protest
At least one million union members, students, and unemployed took to the streets in France in protest against the government's proposed First Employment Contract law.

Sunday, 27 March 2016

March 27, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Nyambura!

180 years ago
1836


Abominations
On the orders of General Antonio López de Santa Anna, the Mexican army massacred 342 Texas prisoners of war at Goliad, Texas.

Religion
The first Mormon temple was dedicated, in Kirtland, Ohio.

150 years ago
1866


Born on this date
John Allan
. Australian politician. Mr. Allan, a member of the Country Party, represented Rodney in the Victoria Legislative Assembly from 1917-1936, and was Premier of Victoria from 1924-1927. He died on February 22, 1936 at the age of 69.

Law
U.S. President Andrew Johnson vetoed a civil rights bill which later became the 14th Amendment of the United States Constitution.

130 years ago
1886


War
The Apache warrior Geronimo surrendered to the U.S. Army, ending the main phase of the Apache Wars.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Heinz-Wilhelm Eck
. German military officer. Kapitänleutnant Eck was in command of the Kriegsmarine submarine U-852 when it sank the Greek merchant ship SS Peleus in the South Atlantic Ocean on March 13, 1944. Kapitänleutnant Eck ordered his crew to use hand grenades and fire automatic weapons into the ship in order to sink it, giving the crew of the Peleus no chance of survival. Kapitänleutnant Eck was captured soon after when U-852 was beached in Somaliland, and was taken prisoner. He was convicted as a war criminal and executed by firing squad at Lüneberg Heath, Germany on November 30, 1945 at the age of 29.

Mario Tonelli. U.S. football player. Mr. Tonelli was a running back at the University of Notre Dame before playing with the Chicago Cardinals in 1940, where he rushed 51 times for 148 yards and a touchdown, caught 5 passes for 53 yards, and punted once for 15 yards. He served in the U.S. Army in World War II, was taken prisoner by the Japanese, and survived the Bataan Death march. Mr. Tonelli died on January 7, 2003 at the age of 86.

90 years ago
1926


Died on this date
Kick Kelly, 69
. U.S. baseball player, manager, and umpire. John O. Kelly was a catcher with the Syracuse Stars and Troy Trojans in 1879, batting .155 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 16 games. He made a significant impact as an umpire, working in 587 games--a career record at the time--in the National League and American Association from 1882-1888. Mr. Kelly helped to pioneer the use of multiple umpires in games, greatly improving the standard of officiating; he was named to the Baseball Hall of Fame's Roll of Honor in 1946. Mr. Kelly managed the Louisville Colonels in 1887-1888, compiling a record of 86-89. He returned to umpiring for the last two months of the 1897 National League season. Mr. Kelly also refereed several noted boxing matches, including two heavyweight title fights.

Georges Vézina, 39. Canadian hockey goaltender. Mr. Vézina, nicknamed the "Chicoutimi Cucumber" because of his cool demeanour, played with the Montreal Canadiens in the National Hockey Association (1910-17) and National Hockey League (1917-25), compiling a record of 173-148-6 in 328 regular season games and 23-15-1 in 39 playoff games, playing every minute. He played with the Canadiens' first two Stanley Cup championship teams in 1915-16 and 1923-24. Mr. Vézina led the NHA in goals against average four times and the NHL three times, and was the first goalie in the NHL to post a shutout, and record an assist. He used the same goaltending stick for his entire career. Mr. Vézina played his last game on November 28, 1925, when he played a scoreless 1st period in the 1925-26 season opener against the Pittsburgh Pirates, but collapsed just before the 2nd period. He was diagnosed with tuberculosis, which proved fatal. Mr. Vézina was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame as a charter member in 1945, and the Vézina Trophy--originally awarded to the team allowing the fewest goals in a season, but since 1981 awarded to the outstanding goaltender in the NHL--was created in 1926.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
NHL
Finals
Montreal Maroons 1 @ Ottawa 0 (Montreal won 2-game total goals series 2-1)

The Maroons edged the Senators to win the O'Brien Trophy, given to the National Hocky League champions. The Stanley Cup finals against the defending champion Victoria Cougars began three days later.

75 years ago
1941


World events
Yugoslav Air Corps chief Dusan Simovitch overthrew the regency of Prince Paul and the pro-Axis government of Premier Dragisha Cvetkovitch in a bloodless coup d'etat, and restored King Peter II to the throne. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill promised aid for the new Yugoslav government.

Diplomacy
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler met Japanese Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka in Berlin and secretly urged an attack on Singapore.

U.S. Senator Robert Wagner (Democrat--New York) announced the formation of the American Palestine Committee to support the movement to develop and colonize Palestine with Jewish refugees.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law the $7-billion Lend-Lease appropriations bill.

Economics and finance
The Japanese government announced that beginning in April the country would have one meatless day per week.

Labour
The U.S. National Defense Mediation Board succeeded in achieving settlements of defense strikes at International Harvester Company, Vanadium Steel Corporation, Universal Cyclops Steel Company, and Condenser Corporation of America. U.S. Representative Hatton Sumners (Democrat--Texas) declared that he would not hesitate for "one split second" to recommend "the electric chair" for enemies of the defense program "in factories or elsewhere."

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. delegate to the United Nations Andrei Gromyko walked out of a Security Council session after his motion to postpone discussion of the issue of the presence of Soviet troops in Iran until April 10, 1946 was defeated.

Transportation
The provisional International Aviation Organization ended its 23-day conference in Dublin on North Atlantic air routes after establishing procedures for trans-Atlantic travel.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate Banking and Currency Commitee approved the nomination of James J. Vardaman to the Federal Reserve Board.

A report of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce urged gradual elimination of price controls.

Labour
Walter Reuther was elected President of the United Auto Workers by a 124-vote margin at the Congress of Industrial Organizations-affiliated union's convention in Atlantic City.

60 years ago
1956


At the movies
Patterns, written by Rod Serling, directed by Fielder Cook, and starring Van Heflin, Everett Sloane, and Ed Begley, opened in theatres. The film was an expanded version of Mr. Serling's teleplay which had first been broadcast on Kraft Television Theatre on January 12, 1955.



50 years ago
1966


Died on this date
Helen Menken, 64
. U.S. actress. Miss Menken, born Helen Meinken, was a stage actress on Broadway from 1917-1937, and a successful performer on radio in later years. She was the first wife of actor Humphrey Bogart; they were married from 1926-1927. Miss Menken died of a heart attack while at a party; she was given a posthumous Tony Award in 1966 "for a lifetime of devotion and dedicated service to the Broadway theatre."

Space
Canada launched a 350-pound instrument package from Churchill, Manitoba into the upper atmosphere to study the aurora borealis; it was the first all-Canadian space project, using a Black Brant rocket.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Sandokan--Oliver Onions (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): The Alternative Way--Anita Meyer

#1 single in the U.K.: Save Your Kisses for Me--The Brotherhood of Man

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)--The Four Seasons (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Dream Weaver--Gary Wright
2 Lonely Night (Angel Face)--Captain and Tennille
3 Disco Lady--Johnnie Taylor
4 December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)--The Four Seasons
5 Sweet Thing--Rufus featuring Chaka Khan
6 Dream On--Aerosmith
7 Money Honey--Bay City Rollers
8 Right Back Where We Started From--Maxine Nightingale
9 All by Myself--Eric Carmen
10 Let Your Love Flow--Bellamy Brothers

Singles entering the chart were Welcome Back by John Sebastian (#72); Don't Pull Your Love/Then You Can Tell Me Goodbye by Glen Campbell (#75); Can't Hide Love by Earth, Wind and Fire (#77); Hurt by Elvis Presley (#80); Sally by Grand Funk (#85); Spanish Hustle by the Fatback Band (#86); I've Got a Feeling (We’ll Be Seeing Each Other Again) by Al Wilson (#91); That's Where the Happy People Go by the Trammps (#92); Where Did Our Love Go by J. Geils Band (#95); Daylight by Bobby Womack (#97); Double Trouble by Lynyrd Skynyrd (#99); and I'm Mandy Fly Me by 10 C.C. (#100). Welcome Back was the theme from the television comedy series Welcome Back, Kotter. Hurt was the B-side of For the Heart, which did not chart.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Love to Love You Baby--Donna Summer
2 Theme from S.W.A.T. (Part 1)--The T.H.P. Orchestra
3 Money Honey--Bay City Rollers
4 Wow--Andre Gagnon
5 Action--Sweet
6 December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)--The Four Seasons
7 Only Sixteen--Dr. Hook
8 I Feel Like a Bullet (In the Gun of Robert Ford)--Elton John
9 Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen
10 Anyway You Want--Charity Brown

Singles entering the chart were Right Back Where We Started From by Maxine Nightingale (#88); Lorelei by Styx (#89); Shannon by Henry Gross (#90); Try to Hold On by Bobby Moore (#91); Boogie Fever by the Sylvers (#92); Sweet Love by the Commodores (#93); Come on Over by Olivia Newton-John (#94); Fooled Around and Fell in Love by Elvin Bishop (#96); Strange Magic by Electric Light Orchestra (#97); Tryin' to Get the Feeling Again by Barry Manilow (#98); I Want to Stay with You by Gallagher and Lyle (#99); and Keep on Walking by Gino Vannelli (#100).

Died on this date
Georg August Zinn, 74
. West German politician. Mr. Zinn, a member of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), was a member of the Bundestag from 1949-1951 and Minister President of Hesse from 1950-1969. He was President of the Bundesrat in 1953-1954 and 1964-1965.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 17 (CHED)
1 Don't Forget Me (When I'm Gone)--Glass Tiger
2 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution
3 Secret Lovers--Atlantic Starr
4 Nikita--Elton John
5 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
6 These Dreams--Heart
7 R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A.--John Cougar Mellencamp
8 Sara--Starship
9 This Could Be the Night--Loverboy
10 Eurasian Eyes--Corey Hart
11 Sanctify Yourself--Simple Minds
12 What You Need--INXS
13 Manic Monday--Bangles
14 Let's Go All the Way--Sly Fox
15 Feel it Again--Honeymoon Suite
16 West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys
17 People See Through You--Bruce Cockburn

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: Take My Life...Please!, starring Tim Thomerson and Xander Berkeley; Devil’s Alphabet, starring Ben Cross and Hywel Bennett; The Library, starring Frances Conroy

Defense
The United States Senate voted 53-47 to approve $100 million in aid for the Contras in Nicaragua who were opposing the Sandanista government of President Daniel Ortega. $25 million would go to the Contras immediately, and $75 million would be held for 90 days while diplomats sought a settlement.

Crime
A car bomb exploded at Russell Street Police Headquarters in Melbourne, injuring 21 people and fatally injuring Constable Angela Taylor, 21, who died from her injuries on April 20, 1986.

Politics and government
Adlai Stevenson III, who had been nominated on March 18 as the Democratic candidate for Governor of Illinois in the fall election, said that he would seek to run as an independent rather than be associated with the Democratic candidates for lieutenant governor and secretary of state, both of whom were supporters of conspiracy theorist Lyndon LaRouche.

Disasters
Augustine Volcano, rising 4,025 feet above sea level in Cook Inlet in Alaska, 175 miles southwest of Anchorage, erupted for the first time in 10 years. The spreading ash forced cancellation of flights into and out of Anchorage International Airport and posed breathing problems for residents of towns along Kenai Peninsula to the east.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Joyride--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Aldo Ray, 64
. U.S. actor. Mr. Ray, born Aldo DaRe, was usually cast in "tough guy" roles, because of his gravelly voice and husky build, but he occasionally played other kinds of characters. His movies included Battle Cry (1955); We're No Angels (1955); Men in War (1957); The Naked and the Dead (1958); God's Little Acre (1958); Four Desperate Men (1959); and The Green Berets (1968). Mr. Ray's career declined in later years, and he became good friends with the notoriously awful director and writer Ed Wood.

Ralph Bates, 51. U.K. actor. Mr. Bates starred in the television comedy series Dear John (1986-1987) and appeared in several horror movies made by Hammer Studios, including Taste the Blood of Dracula (1970). He died of pancreatic cancer.

War
Iran denied that it was aiding Iraqi rebels, including the Kurds, who were reported to be gaining ground in the northern part of Iraq. U.S. President George Bush said he would adopt a "wait and see" attitude toward internal revolts in Iraq and that he thought the regime of dictator Saddam Hussein would fall without U.S. intervention.

Politics and government
Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa tabled the previous day’s Belanger-Campeau Commission report, which recommended legislation providing for a referendum on Quebec sovereignty by October 1992. Mr. Bourassa made it clear that his government would make the final decision on how to proceed, whether it be toward sovereignty or federalism.

Hockey
Coach Scotty Bowman and former Toronto Maple Leaf' captain George Armstrong were elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame. Mr. Bowman led the Montreal Canadiens to five Stanley Cup championships in the 1970s, while Mr. Armstrong led the Maple Leafs to four Stanley Cup championships in the 1960s. Mr. Bowman subsequently led the Pittsburgh Penguins and Detroit Red Wings to Stanley Cup championships in the 1990s.

20 years ago
1996


Crime
Former law student Yigal Amir was convicted of the assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and was sentenced to life in prison. Mr. Amir had shot Mr. Rabin to death on November 4, 1995 in Tel Aviv in protest against Mr. Rabin's peace initiative, especially the signing of the Oslo Accords with Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat.

Politics and government
Bangladeshi Prime Minister Khaleda Zia announced her resignation, effective March 30, after repeated protests an non-cooperation campaigns after the February 15 election, which was alleged to be rigged. She was succeeded on an interim basis by Muhammad Habibur Rahman.

Health
The European Commission announced a worldwide ban on the export of British beef products because of mad-cow disease.

Economics and finance
The Quebec budget presented by Revenue Minister Roger Bertrand included spending cuts on hospitals, school boards, and bureaucrats, and proposed that wealthy seniors pay for their own drugs.

Horse racing
Cigar won the $4-million Dubai Silver Cup, posting his 14th straight win.

Hockey
NHL
Vancouver 2 @ Toronto 6

Larry Murphy scored a goal and an assist for the Toronto Maple Leafs in their victory over the Canucks at Maple Leaf Gardens, giving him 1,001 career points. Mr. Murphy joined Paul Coffey, Ray Bourque and Denis Potvin to become the fourth defenceman in NHL history to reach the milestone.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Lyn Nofziger, 81
. U.S. journalist and political adviser. Mr. Nofziger was a reporter with Copley News Service before getting involved with Republican Party politics, serving as Ronald Reagan's press secretary when Mr. Reagan was Governor of California in the late 1960s, and serving in the administration of U.S. President Richard Nixon from the late 1960s through the early 1970s. He returned to aid Mr. Reagan's campaign for the Republican Party presidential nomination in 1976, and Mr. Reagan's presidential campaign in 1980.

Dan Curtis, 78. U.S. television producer and director. Mr. Curtis, born Daniel Cherkoss, was best known for made-for-television horror movies, and the horror series Dark Shadows (1966-1971). He also produced the mini-series The Winds of War (1983) and War and Remembrance (1988).

Saturday, 26 March 2016

March 26, 2016

150 years ago
1866


Born on this date
Fred Karno
. U.K. actor. Mr. Karno, born Frederick Westcott, was a music hall comedian and impresario who developed the pie-in-the-face gag and other bits that became staples of music hall and silent film comedy. Among those who worked under him were Charlie Chaplin and Stan Laurel. Mr. Karno died on September 18, 1941 at the age of 75.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Sterling Hayden
. U.S. actor. Mr. Hayden, born Sterling Walter, was known for his performances in such films as The Asphalt Jungle (1950); Johnny Guitar (1954); The Killing (1956); Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964); and The Godfather (1972). He was a skilled yachtsman, and took acting jobs in order to finance his sailing trips. Mr. Hayden died on May 23, 1986 at the age of 70.

Christian B. Anfinsen. U.S. biochemist. Mr. Anfinsen shared the 1972 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Stanford Moore and William Howard Stein "for their contribution to the understanding of the connection between chemical structure and catalytic activity of the active centre of the ribonuclease molecule." He died on May 14, 1995 at the age of 79.

90 years ago
1926


Died on this date
Constantin Fehrenbach, 74
. Chancellor of Germany, 1920-1921. Mr. Fehrenbach, one of the leaders of the Centre Party, was President of the Reichstag in 1918 and President of the Weimar National Assembly from 1919-1920 before taking office as Chancellor on June 25, 1920. He resigned on May 10, 1921 after failing to get the Reichstag's approval of fixed payments of World War I reparations to the Allies.

75 years ago
1941


War
World Zionist Organization President Dr. Chaim Weizmann urged the British government to permit Jews in Palestine to form their own army "for service against the common enemy of mankind."

Diplomacy
Japanese Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka arrived in Berlin.

Defense
U.S. Army Colonel William J. Donovan declared that the United States must now consider the question of convoying war shipments to the United Kingdom. 1940 Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie addressed the opening of the United China Relief drive in New York, and said that the United States must help China because "she is standing up against an aggressor."

Protest
Riots began in Yugoslavian cities in protest against the government's signing of the Tripartite Act, bringing Yugoslavia into the Axis. British radio broadcasted an appeal to Yugoslavs resist "the betrayal of your honour and independence." French Army General Henri Dentz imposed martial law in several Syrian cities after two days of riots caused by food shortages and nationalist agitation.

Labour
U.S. Office of Production Management Chairman William Knudsen and Navy Secretary Frank Knox told the machinery firm Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company "to notify your entire work force to report for work and start operations immediately." International Harvester Company rejected a Congress of Industrial Orgznizations proposal to have the National Defense Mediation Board settle the strike at the Chicago-McCormick works.

Oil
The Bolivian Senate passed a resolution authorizing the government to seek an agreement with Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) regarding its confiscated properties.

Disasters
Two officers and 17 enlisted men were killed when the Royal Canadian Navy armed yacht HMCS Otter was destroyed by an accidental explosion and fire off Halifax.

70 years ago
1946


War
Testifying at the war crimes trial in Nuremberg of former German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, defense witness Adolf von Steengracht said that Mr. Ribbentrop was a "powerless puppet" of German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council defeated a Soviet proposal to keep the issue of Soviet troops in Iran off the agenda, resulting in a threat by U.S.S.R. delegate Andrei Gromyko to boycott sessions.

The Anglo-American Commission of Inquiry on Palestine concluded its hearings in Jerusalem.

Scandal
McGill University chemistry professor Raymond Boyer admitted in Montreal that he had given details of the new explosive RDX to Member of Parliament Fred Rose (Labour-Progressive--Cartier) "to help the Soviet Union." The Labour-Progressive Party was really the outlawed Communist Party in disguise, and Mr. Rose was accused of spying for the U.S.S.R. as a result of revelations by former Soviet embassy clerk Igor Gouzenko, who had defected to Canada several months earlier.

Defense
General Leslie Groves, head of the U.S. Army's atomic research program, told a Senate Appropriations subcommittee that the United States was still producing atomic bombs.

Economics and finance
The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Council approved a resolution urging occupation armies to refrain from requisitioning land and consuming indigenous food supplies.

U.S. Civilian Production Administrator John Small and National Housing Expediter Wilson Wyatt ordered a halt to all general building construction and repairs in order to speed construction of military veterans' housing.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's Championship
Final
Oklahoma A&M 43 North Carolina 40

Bob Kurland, the first dominant 7-footer in basketball, scored 23 points as the Aggies, coached by Hank Iba, became the tournament's first two-time champion, winning for the second straight year.

60 years ago
1956


Diplomacy
Canadian Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent met with U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower and Mexican President Adolpho Ruiz Cortines for talks in Washington, DC..

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Une Mèche de Cheveux--Salvatore Adamo (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Nessuno mi può giudicare--Caterina Caselli (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ganz in Weiß--Roy Black (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Sun Ain't Gonna Shine Anymore--The Walker Brothers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Ballad of the Green Berets--SSgt Barry Sadler (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Ballad of the Green Berets--SSgt Barry Sadler (4th week at #1)
2 19th Nervous Breakdown--The Rolling Stones
3 Nowhere Man--The Beatles
4 California Dreamin'--The Mamas and the Papas
5 Daydream--The Lovin' Spoonful
6 Homeward Bound--Simon & Garfunkel
7 These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra
8 (You’re My) Soul and Inspiration--The Righteous Brothers
9 Listen People--Herman's Hermits
10 634-5789 (Soulsville, U.S.A.)--Wilson Pickett

Singles entering the chart were Rhapsody in the Rain by Lou Christie (#63); Together Again (#73)/You're Just About to Lose Your Clown (#91) by Ray Charles; Caroline, No by Brian Wilson (#80); One Track Mind by the Knickerbockers (#81); Tippy Toeing by the Harden Trio (#82); Memories are Made of This by the Drifters (#86); Hi Heel Sneakers (Part 1) by the Ramsey Lewis Trio (#87); I'll Take Good Care of You by Garnet Mimms (#89); Louie Louie by Travis Wammack (#90); Real Humdinger by J.J. Barnes (#93); I Spy (For the FBI) by Jamo Thomas and the Party Brothers Orchestra (#94); Please Don't Stop Loving Me by Elvis Presley (#95); 3000 Miles by Brian Hyland (#96); Sharing You by Mitty Collier (#97); The Boogaloo Party by the Flamingos (#100); I Surrender by Fontella Bass (also #100); and Stop! by the Moody Blues (also #100). Please Don't Stop Loving Me was the B-side of Frankie and Johnny, charting at #47.

Music
Bob Dylan performed at PNE Agrodome in Vancouver, the third and last Canadian concert of his 1966 world tour.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Mississippi--Pussycat (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Mississippi--Pussycat (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Mississippi--Pussycat

Died on this date
Lin Yutang, 80
. Chinese author and inventor. Dr. Yutang was born and educated in China, but completed graduate studies in the United States. He was known in the West for popularizing Chinese philosophy and culture in books such as The Importance of Living (1937). Dr. Yutang succeeded in inventing a Chinese typewriter during World War II, which proved useful in translation work.

Yellowknifiana
The temperature reached a balmy 35 F., and the annual Caribou Carnival began with a half-day civic holiday in the afternoon. This blogger helped out with a bingo put on by Royal Canadian Air Cadet Squadron 825. This year's Caribou Queen pageant included News of the North columnist Ken Coach as a candidate; he didn't win.

Defense
The U.S.A. and Turkey agreed to a pact giving the United States military bases in Turkey for four years in exchange for $1 billion in military aid.

Business
American League baseball owners approved the purchase of the Toronto Blue Jays franchise by Labatt Brewing for $7 million.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Brother Louie--Modern Talking (4th week at #1)

Scandal
The New York Times reported that former United Nations Secretary General Kurt Waldheim had participated in campaigns against Yugoslav partisans while he was an intelligence officer in the German army during World War II.

25 years ago
1991


World events
After four days of strikes and protests, soldiers in Mali overthrew the government of President Moussa Traore and promised to replace it with a multi-party democracy. At least 59 people were killed during the coup, while as many as 150 citizens were killed by the demonstrations during the demonstrations preceding the coup.

Economics and finance
Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay signed the Treaty of Asunción, establishing Mercosur, the South Common Market.

Politics and government
The 37-member Belanger-Campeau Commission recommended that the Quebec National Assembly pass legislation providing for a referendum on provincial sovereignty to be held no later than October 1992.

Local self-government was restored after three decades of centralized control in South Korea.

Crime
Five South Korean boys, nicknamed the Frog Boys, disappeared while hunting for frogs and were murdered in a case that remains unsolved.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 0 @ Los Angeles 2

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
David Packard, 83
. U.S. engineer and businessman. Mr. Packard, an electrical engineer, co-founded Hewlett-Packard with William Hewlett in 1939. Mr. Packard served as U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense in the administraion of President Richard Nixon from 1969-1971.

Edmund Muskie, 81. U.S. politician. Mr. Muskie, a Democrat, was Governor of Maine from 1955-1959, represented Maine in the United States Senate from 1959-1980, and served as U.S. Secretary of State in the administration of President Jimmy Carter from 1980-1981. He was Vice President Hubert Humphrey's vice presidential nominee when Mr. Humphrey was the Democratic Party presidential candidate in 1968. Mr. Muskie was regarded as the favourite for the 1972 Democratic presidential nomination, but he performed poorly in caucuses, and his emotional reaction to attacks by the Manchester Union Leader on his wife hurt his campaign. Mr. Muskie died two days before his 82nd birthday.

Environment
U.S. Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt authorized the partial opening of the Glen Canyon Dam on the Colorado River in Arizona and the flooding of the Grand Canyon for a week; before the dam had been built, natural floods had taken place in the canyon, and officials were attempting to recreate these conditions by allowing 443 million litres--45,000 cubic feet per second (1,300 m3/s)--of water in, in an effort to improve conditions for flora and fauna.

Communications
Canada's Anik E-1 communications satellite suffered an electronic fault and lost 50% of its capacity in the malfunction; officials later announced that the damage was irreparable, and transferred the displaced traffic to Anik-E-2.

Hockey
NHL
Mario Lemieux of the Pittsburgh Penguins scored 5 goals in a game against the St. Louis Blues.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Paul Dana, 30
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Dana was a rookie in the Indy Racing League who competed in three events in 2005, finishing 10th in the season-opening race at Homestead-Miami Speedway in Florida; he suffered a broken back while practicing for the Indianapolis 500, and missed the rest of the season. Mr. Dana was still officially a rookie in 2006, but crashed into the car of Ed Carpenter during a practice run hours five hours prior to the season-opening race, once again at Homestead-Miami Speedway. Mr. Dana was taken to hospital, where he died of his injuries, 20 days before his 31st birthday. He had been working with the racing community to develop improved safety measures, which remains part of his legacy. Another aspect of Mr. Dana's legacy is that the IRL soon decided to scrap pre-race practice runs.

Auto racing
IRL
Dan Wheldon won the first race of the Indy Racing League season at Homestead-Miami Speedway in Florida; Sam Hornish, Jr., who had started on the pole, led the greatest number of laps, while Scott Dixon had the fastest lap. Mr. Wheldon's car sported a sticker with the number 17 on it, the number of the car of Paul Dana, who died before the race from injuries suffered in his crash during the pre-race practice.